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News

News

Supreme Court upholds Wada’s election >>Page 10

Kano Emirate Council, Senator Akume condemn sack of Sanusi >>Page 6

Interview

Senator Abu should be mature in criticising Shema — Sen. Tsauri >>Page 2

weekend.peoplesdailyng.com

. . . Pu ttin g th e people first Vol. 3 No. 79

SATURDAY — SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 22-23, 2014

RABI’UTH THANI 23-24, 1435 AH

N150

Death of monarch

Police arrest wife Accuse her of injecting deceased with poison

>>Page 6

The late monarch, Alh. Zubairu Adamu

A man who stabbed his banker wife to death in Lagos in June, 2011, akolade Arowolo (m), sandwitched by prison officials after he was sentenced to death by Lagos State High Court in Ikeja, yesterday in Lagos. Photo: NAN

Cover

Boko Haram: Harvest of massacre, arson in Borno >>Page s 7,8,9

Sanusi: Hero or villain? (Special Report on Pages 4,5)


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Interview

Sen. Abu wrong on Shema, says Tsauri Ex Senator Umar Ibrahim Tsauri is a PDP stalwart in Katsina state. In this interview with our Katsina Correspondent, Lawal Sa’idu Funtua, Tsauri dismissed claims that the governor has lost grip of the state, instead asserted that the state PDP is even stronger now despite notable defections to APC.

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t was recently alleged that the Gov. Shema has lost grip of the politics of the state. How would you react to this? Well I read the interview granted to your weekend edition by Senator Abu Ibrahim alleging that Katsina State Governor, Alhaji Ibrahim Shehu Shema has lost grip of the state political terrain. First we have to look at the person we are talking about. One Abu Ibrahim as a senator, a senator going by the word means a personality who commands some kind of decorum, respect and integral commitment for his integrity. We expect from him senatorial kind of approach in whatever he says. I respect him because we have been together and on two or three reasons, one, his biological age as he is an elderly person, two his political experience, he is a politician and three likely his commitments to the norms that brought him where he is today. We are in Katsina and we know what Katsina is politically and otherwise. I don’t talk about personality I specifically talk on issues I don’t join issues with anybody. But now that somebody is trying to join issues that means we have to talk on issues and likely show him how to talk about issues not to join issues. But the Senator made specific references to defections indicated that he has lost grip of the state. He said for instance that the APC won 12 members of the House of Representative out of 15 and won all the three senatorial seats? Nobody is arguing about it, it’s true, it happened, it is there physically. Then he should remember when we lost these seats and they won we were in the political air space of PDP and CPC. When were in that space there were turbulences here and there. This made us to lose control and focus but we should remember because of the competence, confidence, commitment, courage and control of our pilot of that particular aircraft in the political airspace, the pilot was able to make the aircraft balanced. We won only five local governments during that national assembly election but the pilot was able to make the aircraft balanced we won 32 local governments leading and get the 25% required by law from the remaining two local governments. If there was no control and we’ve lost grip who is the governor of Katsina State today, there are only two answers to this question,

Senator Umar Ibrahim Tsauri you either say Shema or you keep quite. Now we lost three senators, 12 members of House of Representatives but we won the governorship, therefore if Shema had no grip of the PDP and the voting public, how would he win that election? Senator Abu Ibrahim should talk with decorum as a senator. We are not saying he has no right to talk. But we are in a democracy which allows you to say your mind? Governor Shema doesn’t talk against anybody. As I told you we respect Abu Ibrahim because of his biological age we have what to say, but the fact is we don’t say it to avoid joining issues with him. If the senator says Shema is losing grip, is that where he touches every PDP member in Katsina state? Because the senator doesn’t have to talk about Shema losing election. He should have said the truth by telling the people of Katsina what and what Shema has done. This is what we need. If you are opposition there are

ways of opposing, we expect constructive and civilized kind of criticism. We have civilized and raw democracy but I’m afraid we are not suppose to be operating raw democracy. We are suppose to be playing a civilize kind of democracy. In civilize democracy you look at the performance of people holding offices you don’t seat down simply because you are opposition just as they are doing to criticize.

I confronted one of them and asked him if he were elected as the governor of Katsina state what would you do which the governor has not done? What he told me was that he knows he cannot do better than him but as opposition he cannot say anything good about the governor. That is our kind of approach to issues. When you are contesting election don’t go about abusing opponent, no sell your candidate. Tell people what your can-

The senator doesn’t have to talk about Shema losing election. He should have said the truth by telling the people of Katsina what and what Shema has done. This is what we need. If you are opposition there are ways of opposing, we expect constructive and civilized kind of criticism.

didate would be able to do if elected into office. That is not civilized democracy. As senators whether past or present we have a kind of espirit de corp, I’m a senator and Abu is a senator so we respect ourselves. But the fact is we don’t look at you and say you are a liar there better ways of saying if we say what you are saying is not true. From his interview there so many things that I want to comment on, one there is lack of understanding of the terminologies used. You know in English language sometimes people say what they don’t mean. If somebody will tell you as a senator he has given people 1500 irrigation projects, then how many had the federal government given to the people across the country. We should tell people things they could believe. He was talking of N250 million given to a school. I will not say it is a lie but it is not true. N250 million given to a school, I think what he is trying to do is smear the name of that school in Katsina. We are not saying he has no right to say what he want to say but should say it in a way that he will not attack anybody. But he should tell Nigerians what Katsina State government has done from 2007 to date. I can beat my chest that in the whole Nigeria no state has performed above what we have in Katsina. If he is talking about election, don’t say somebody cannot win election, no come to the field first. We are ready for it, all this kind APC or PDP, no come to the field we are ready for it. Abu Ibrahim should try to work to maintain that seat he is occupying. If he contests election in Funtua Senatorial zone next time we will surely defeat him. For him to say Shema will not win senatorial election is an insult and by our orientation we don’t insult big men. But is the senator particular about Gov. Shema? I don’t know why he is attacking Shema. Shema is not contesting governorship and if Abu want to contest governorship this not the way to go about it. And even if Shema is contesting Senatorship they don’t come from the same constituency. In fact, we don’t know whether Abu Ibrahim comes from Katsina or Karaduwa Zone. I think Karaduwa people should know that the senator from birth is from Katsina. I think they should decide and push him back to Katsina to come and contest with Shema that is if the governor decided to contest the governorship.


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

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Feature

2015: Jonathan and the Yoruba agenda

Ooni of Ife, Oba Okunade Sijuade Adesoji Oyinlola, Lagos

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n apparent move to secure the support of the Yoruba people of the South-West towards the declaration of his interest to contest for second term in office, President Goodluck Jonathan over the weekend was guest to three prominent monarchs from the geo-political zone. To the discerning mind, the visit is seen as the beginning of a process to pacify the people who were obviously denied top positions in President Jonathan administration, not minding that he was accorded massive support during the 2011 presidential election, thereby, rendering them to the background in the political scheme of things. Like the proverbial patient dog, the people have waited for the opportune time when those jostling for power at the centre will come calling for support, this exactly was the scenarios that played itself out over the weekend, when President Jonathan visited the Oni of Ife, Oba Okunade Sijuade, Alaafin of Oyo, Oba Lamidi Adeyemi and Oba of Lagos, Oba Rilwan Akinolu all in the South-West. The visit by President Jonathan to the south west monarchs which political pundits described as the first phase of other planned visit is seen as very crucial to the declaration of his second term ambition. The fact that the South-west has the second highest voting strength after North-west, and both zones between them account for about 49 per cent of the country’s total voting population makes it expedient for whoever that is contesting the presidency to accord the two geo political zones the importance they deserves. South-west and North-west

Alaafin of Oyo, Oba Lamidi Adeyemi

are therefore strategic electoral zones in the calculations of anyone aspiring to be Nigeria’s president, it is therefore not a surprise that President Jonathan kickstarted his nationwide consultation from the two zones. The visits by Jonathan to the Obas of the South-west were, apparently, part of efforts to build some influence in the territory currently controlled by APC. Though, he had garnered huge votes from the South-west in 2011, the president may not repeat such feat in 2015, as most prominent politicians in the zone now belong to APC. Apart from the fact that prominent politicians in the zones are in APC, the situation that played out in 2011, when the now defunct ACN tacitly withdrew its support for its presidential candidate, Mallam Nuhu Ribadu, and, instead, supported Jonathan is quite different from the current political permutation playing out. During the 2011 election, the PDP was in charge of two out of the six states in the South-West. It controlled both Oyo and Ogun states. The party has since lost

Oba of Lagos, Oba Rilwan Akinolu

the two states to the ACN, leaving it with none, it is therefore necessary for Jonathan to double-up his efforts if at all he is serious about having a good run in the zone. The ACN after the last general election has joined other opposition parties to form the APC, seen by many as big enough to give the PDP a run for its money. Therefore, Jonathan is expected to evolve a new strategy other than switch-vote to repeat the political feat of 2011. Also, the fact that five governors of the PDP had abandoned the party to join forces with the APC makes the situation more complicated than what was obtainable in 2011. It is therefore not surprising that Jonathan political spin-doctors are exploring other avenue to sell his candidacy to the people of the zone. The president held a private meeting with the Ooni at his palace in Ife after arriving there about 3pm, accompanied by the Minister of State for Federal Capital Territory, Oloye Jumoke Akinjide, and other government functionaries and politicians. The Osun State Deputy Gov-

The hitherto powerful Afenifere, the pan Yoruba political group that used to dictate the political direction for the Yoruba has since gone under after the 1999 general election, when the group was unable to manage its electoral success in the south west. Safe for Ondo State where the Labour Party hold the ace, it is well to say that the APC will dictate the direction the region goes come 2015

President Jonathan

ernor, Otunba Titilayo Laoye-Tomori, and a ministerial nominee from the state, Alhaji Jelili Adesiyan, were among the dignitaries that received Jonathan at the Ooni’s palace. Sources at the palace said the meeting centred on modalities for securing the backing of the Yoruba in the next general elections. Oba Sijuwade, a prominent traditional ruler in Yoruba land and president of the Osun State Council of Traditional Rulers and Chiefs, is a major factor in Yoruba politics. The president left the Ooni’s Palace about 3.45pm for Oyo State, where he met with the Alaafin of Oyo at his palace. Jonathan, who said he had gone there on a private visit, implored the South-west traditional rulers to support his administration. The president told a crowd of residents at a reception in his honour that he had come to thank the people of the South-west for the support they gave him during the 2011 presidential election. But Oba Adeyemi refrained from ascribing any political meaning to the visit. He said the president had come to appreciate the peace in the state and wanted the monarchs to continue to maintain peace in their domains. The president was accompanied to the ancient Oyo Palace by the Governor of Oyo State, Abiola Ajimobi, and Akinjide, among other government functionaries and politicians. Former Governor of the state, Omololu Olunloyo, who was part of the entourage of Mr. President, told journalists after a closed-door meeting with the Alaafin that the president was doing the right thing by his visits to the monarch. From Oyo State, the president came to Lagos. He arrived at Iga Idunganran, Akiolu’s palace,

at about 8pm. A source confided in Peoples Daily that while it is true that some set of people, parading themselves as leaders of the Yoruba recently paid Jonathan a visit, where he was assured of the people support towards the forthcoming National Conference, the magnitude of opposition and the lukewarm attitude by the people towards the conference opened the president eyes to the fact that he may after all not dealing with the right set of people who can deliver the zone to him when it come to election time. Though, the Yoruba as at now has no recognizable leader, the fact remain that they have a political leader who dictate the pace for them, and that person is Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu; the former governor of Lagos State and national leader of the APC. The hitherto powerful Afenifere, the pan Yoruba political group that used to dictate the political direction for the Yoruba has since gone under after the 1999 general election, when the group was unable to manage its electoral success in the south west. Safe for Ondo State where the Labour Party hold the ace, it is well to say that the APC will dictate the direction the region goes come 2015. Looking at the resolve of the APC to present a northerner as its presidential candidate and considering the seriousness with which the party is approaching The forthcoming election, it probably be impossible for Jonathan to get the kind of deal he got from the opposition in 2011. There is no doubt that Jonathan need massive support from the zone, he need to evolve a workable arrangement to achieve that feat, more especially now that the Yoruba may not have a common agenda.


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

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Special Report

Sanusi: Hero or Villain?

President Goodluck Jonathan “Being also deeply concerned about far-reaching irregularities under Mallam Sanusi’s watch, which have distracted the Central Bank from the pursuit and achievement of its statutory mandate; and being determined to urgently reposition the Central Bank of Nigeria for greater efficiency, respect for due process and accountability, President Goodluck Jonathan has ordered the immediate suspension of Sanusi.”

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ith this terse statement, the presidency closed the chapter on Malam Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, at least his tenure as CBN governor. The Kano prince has always been in the eye of the storm. Like the dawn that gives indication of what complexion the day would eventually assume, Sanusi left none doubt that he was a cast different from previously taciturn CBN governors who were hardly heard of, albeit seen in the economy spheres of the nation. Recall at the onset of tenure Sanusi had immediately after his confirmation as CBN Governor took a swipe at the 7-point agenda and asserted that it ought to have been reduced to a manageable 2-point. Though he later denied out right attack on the agenda, it was nonetheless very obvious that the daring lion had arrived at the scene. He kept the pecker up by stirring up several other controversies which ensured that he remained permanent in the front burner of public discourse. During the during a lecture at the Igbinedion University Okada, Edo State, in December 2010, he

Mallam Sanusi Lamido Sanusi had stirred the hornet’s nest when he alleged that the overheads consumed by the National Assembly was 25.41 per cent of the nation’s total budget. This put him at logger heads with the senators who hotly disputed the claim and took him to task by insisting that the figure available to them hovers between 1 and 3.5 per cent. In fact, legislators, who summoned him before a joint select committee of the Senate to buttress his claim. Chairman of the then Senate Committee on Appropriations, Senator Iyiola Omisore, accused him of “a deliberate attempt to mislead the nation.” Waiving the budget document before the audience, the senator said the figure, which Sanusi quoted in his lecture as the Federal Government’s overhead in that year’s budget was false. The correct figure, the senator said, was N1.3 trillion. This, he said, meant that the National Assembly’s overhead spending was N1.3 trillion, which translated to only 3.5 per cent of the Federal Government’s overhead expenditure, a far cry from the CBN governor’s 25 per cent. Sanusi chickened out and cheekily apologized. But he remained loquacious. That constantly put him in discord with ‘his master’ who thinks he should be seen and not heard. This was alluded to in the statement which alleged several grievous issues bothering on impunity, incompetence, non-challance , fraud, wastefulness, and gross abuse of and noncompliance with provisions of the Public Procurement Act 2007. A further statement issued by the Senior Special Assistant to the President on Public Affairs, Dr Doyin

Clearly, he set the tune for harsh criticisms of former governor such that in body language, questions posed and comportment among members of the committee Sanusi was meant to be taken to the cleaners at all cost.

Okupe confirmed that these issues culminated into the suspension of the former Governor and some these date back to April 2013 following the submission of the CBN audited accounts for the year that ended on December 31st 2012 and which was submitted to the President by the Apex bank. Peoples Daily Weekend recalls that the submission had caused Mr President to issue a 22-paragraph query to Sanusi on the 4th of May 2013 and his subsequent written explanations forwarded to the President on the 22nd of May 2013 did little to assuage the president’s reservation on his stewardship. Firstly, he had taken three weeks to reply to the query which he ought to have done within 48 hours. The response was forwarded to the Financial Reporting Council

of Nigeria for further scrutiny and professional advice. The Council’s advice was neither diplomatic nor left to the imagination. One of the recommendations states thus “Your Excellency may wish to exercise the powers conferred on Mr President by Section 11(2) (f) of the CBN ACT 2007 or invoke Section 11 (2) (c) of the said Act and cause the Governor and Deputy Governors to cease from holding office in the CBN” However, the president opted to side with his chief, but not long. It was based on this and other recommendations contained in the said report and after further consultations among stakeholders that Mr President in his wisdom and in the interest of probity, accountability and in order to preserve the integrity and sanctity of the Nations apex bank, decided to take the appropriate

decision to place Mr Sanusi Lamido Sanusi on immediate suspension, according to Okupe. Below are some of the claimed “sins” of the suspended CBN Governor Capitalisation of rescued banks The injection of hundreds of millions of naira into the rescued banks whose managing directors were removed by the apex bank shortly after Sanusi assumed duty as the CBN helmsman was another albatross on the man’s neck. Critics described the action as unlawful as it was not approved by the National Assembly. But Sanusi anchored his actions on the CBN Act. This forced the National Assembly to attempt to amend the Act in order to subjugate the powers of CBN governor to the National Assembly. Islamic Banking Sanusi also found himself in the eye of the storm when he decided to license Islamic banking in 2011. The President of Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN), Pastor Ayo Oritsejafor, accused Sanusi of promoting Islamic banking with public funds, noting that it was beyond the CBN governor’s constitutional limits. A Federal High Court, Abuja, presided over by Justice Gabriel Kolawole, later in June 2012 made a proclamation that any operation licence granted by the CBN to any Islamic commercial jurisprudence bank under non-interest financial services was “unlawful, illegal, ultra vires, null and void.”

Contd on Page 5


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

PAGE 5

Special Report

Sanusi: Hero or Villain?

Dr. Ngozi Okonjo Iweala Contd from Page 4 N5,000 note Sanusi also incurred public wrath in 2011 when he decided to introduce N5,000 note under his currency restructuring exercise. Many Nigerians kicked against the plan, but following a barrage of public anger, disagreement and threats, the idea was set aside. Frivolous Spending House Committee on Public Accounts had queried expenditures by the CBN without due process and need documents back them. Some of the bank transactions that the committee queried included the sums of N23 million and N50 million claimed to have been spent for the same purpose of renovating the governor’s official residence as well as N848 million spent on the purchase of a property from the National Planning Commission without any transaction agreement. The N4 billion donation to BUK and donation of N100 million to victims of terrorism in Kano, at a time flood victims in the country were desperate for succour. Face-off with President The last straw that broke the camel’s back was the alleged heated argument between him and President Goodluck Jonathan over the suspicion that he, Sanusi, leaked his letter to Jonathan to the expresident, Olusegun Obasanjo. In the said letter, the CBN governor was said to have accused the NNPC of not remitting $49.8 billion to the Federation Account. Sanusi, who denied leaking the letter to anyone, refused to resign and told the President during the heated telephone exchange, that he could only be removed by two-thirds of the Senate, as required by law. This was said to have infuriated the presidency. Then began the plots to ease out Sanusi. The later did not help matters with his outspokenness especially in respect of the Nigeria

Mrs. Sarah Alabi, Acting CBN Governor National Petroleum Corporation alleged non-remittance of $49.8 billion over a 19-month period, an amount that was eventually pruned to first $12bn and later $10.8bn and included the $6 bn which the NNPC said was transferred to the National Petroleum Development Corporation (NPDC) instead of remitting same to the Federation Account. anusi opened a can of worms and publicly lambasted the NNPC for frivolous use of the proceeds meant for the commonwealth. The alleged unremitted fund was contained in a letter he wrote to President Jonathan, who though did act until former President Olusegun Obasanjo made references to it as an example of the theft of public funds under the watch of the Jonathan administration. Of course, the presidency Peoples Daily Weekend learnt accused Sanusi of leaking what was a confidential letter to the president to first former president Obasanjo and then the press. It was the same with the 49-page letter written by Obasanjo to Jonathan as many wondered how it found its way into the media almost immediately after it left Obasanjo’s desk. However, the NNPC accused the CBN Governor of acting out of ignorance and mischief as it claimed that the figures bandied in the letter by Sanusi was still being reconciled by all the relevant stakeholders, including officials of CBN. Appearing before the Senate Committee on Finance set up to investigate the alleged missing or unremitted fund, he had claimed that the NPDC was just an illegal entity set up by NNPC to siphon public funds and insisted that regardless of the explanations from the Finance Minister, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, and the NNPC itself, as far as the CBN is concerned, there is an outstanding $20 billion between what NNPC shipped and what it paid to government in line with Section 162 of the Nigeria Constitution to wit contributions by federating units.

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Further, he argued that the outstanding $6 billion given to the NPDC should have gone to the federal government. He said the CBN has received three legal opinions on that position, and offers to bring in lawyers to defend that claim. This later inference to expert opinion on the status of the NPDC and NNPC’s remittance of $6bn to the upstream corporation engendered request by the Senate Committee for Finance for external expert advice. This was done. However, since the contentious issue involved two federal government agencies, the point of call obvious is the Attorney-General of the Federation and the Minister of Justice, Mr Bello Mohammed Adoke. He appeared on Thursday and explained thus: He described the hiring of the services of private lawyers to interpret a matter related to constitutional provisions by the suspended CBN governor, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, as “irregular”. “The resort by the CBN governor to get paid legal opinion from private counsel on the interpretation and application of the enabling statutes of government wholly-owned corporations is irregular. “It is a deliberate attempt to whittle down the powers of the Attorney-General of the Federation as the Chief Law Officer of the Federation as enshrined in the 1999Constitution,” he said. The AGF explained that NNPC had the authority to transfer it’s participating interest in Oil Mining Lease (OML) in certain joint venture operations to its subsidiary Nigerian Petroleum Development Company (NPDC). He told the committee that NNPC was empowered by law to keep some part of its revenue for use to “defray” all expenses incurred in the course of its business in the upstream operations. “Consequently, what NNPC is required to pay into the Federation Account is the net revenue as opposed to gross revenue. It is my considered

Mr. Andrew Yakubu view that the provision of Section 162 of Federation Account does not preclude the deduction of NNPC’s expenditure or cost of business. “This is more so as the federating units do not contribute to the funding of upstream petroleum operations of the NNPC and its subsidiary.” Clearly, he set the tune for harsh criticisms of former governor such that in body language, questions posed and comportment among members of the committee Sanusi was meant to be taken to the cleaners at all cost. That was barely hours after he was relieved of his job. His record cast in stone The Kano prince led the CBN to tighten monetary policy from 7 percent to 12 percent between 2011 and 2013 to achieve a significant drop-off in inflation from double figure to a single one. He ensured the naira stabilized and maintained a broad objectives of exchange rate, price, and more broadly, financial stability. AMCON n advocate for robust independent central banks strong enough to catalyse economic development and detect and correct weaknesses in the financial system, Sanusi stunned the world when he introduced the Asset Management Corporation of Nigeria (AMCON), to soak up the toxic assets that threatened the entire financial system. The aim was to stabilize the banking industry and ensured that they remain robust, healthy and truly boost the nation’s economy. He succeeded to a large extend. Failed banks disappeared as they were swallowed up by healthy ones. He insisted on the autonomy of the CBN and secured a first line charge for the bankers’ bank and carekeeper of government fund. But this autonomy somehow became his albatross. Sen. Ita Enang in a notice of Motion told the Senate that the Central Bank of Nigeria [CBN] has within the last three years also spent about N50 billion without

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appropriation as investments, donations to some educational, health and other institutions across the country . The Senator further noted that the actions, investments, corporate donations among others are not part of the core functions of the CBN or in any manner ancillary thereto. It seems the Federal Government may have relied on this accusation to sack Sanusi. Cashless policy Though it had been a decade since automated machines debuted Nigerian cities of Lagos and Abuja, the first Automated Teller Machines (ATM) were introduced into the Nigerian market as far back as 1989, installed by National Cash Registers (NCR) for the defunct Societe Generale Bank Nigeria (SGBN), yet it was Sanusi that ensured it it became a fixture in the lives of Nigerians. That gradually led to the policy of carrying little cash rather dealing in a cashless trading. Individuals can’t withdraw more than N150,000, while e-bank transaction has been popularized . This is clearly a boost of micro and macro- economic transactions in tune with the current trend in the civilized banking world. Revelations Sanusi is not the first to boldly speak against spurious creations for financial leakages. Hamman Tukur , the then boss of the Revenue Mobilization Commission had done so to no avail. But Sanusi’s position as an Exchequer, something like the heads of the secret service that hardly offer public opinions but who when they speak the nations quiver, he dared to confront the many forces benefiting from the loopholes deliberately or inadvertently created to siphon public funds. Albeit, Sanusi had been forced out prematurely, his records in stride and outspokenness, vision and daredevil courage will remain on the sand of history. And it is left for posterity to judge him either as hero or villain in the Nigerian contest nay globally reckoning.


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

News Promote peace, not disparity, Maku tells Nigerian media By Evelyn Okakwu

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nformation Minister Mr. Labaran Maku has called on the Nigeria media to stand as a tool for promoting peaceful development and unity of the country rather than exhibiting partisan interest in the polity. Mr. Maku was speaking during a courtesy call by the management of Peoples Media to invite him as one of the discussants during its forthcoming annual conference with the theme “Nigeria, the 2015 Question.” He said as the 2015 general elections draw nearer, the media are supposed to provide the platforms for politicians to debate issues, programmes and policies and not to allow politicians to use the media to propagate hate messages and threat of violence if the elections do not go the way they want. “The media must show national interest in their reporting unless we no longer want to promote Nigeria, then we are going to have the question as to whether we are really now serving our nation’s interest.,” he remarked. “The atmosphere of the election cannot be resolved by INEC, it has to be resolved by the media and the politicians. So we need to work hard on this,” Mr. Maku said. Speaking earlier, the Chief Operating Officer of Peoples Media, Mallam Ali M. Ali said the organisation is providing a platform through its annual conference for stakeholders to discuss and analyse issues that would likely dominate the 2015 elections.

Wife of Nasarawa monarch arrested for allegedly killing hubby From Ali Abare Abubakar, Lafia

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he wife of a traditional ruler in Nasarawa state, Amina Zubairu, 46, has been arrested by the police for allegedly killing her husband, the late Alhaji Zubairu Adamu, the Gwom Mama, who died last week Friday. Family sources disclosed that the late Gom Mama, who was set to take in a new wife a day after he died, was found dead in suspicious circumstances leading to the arrest of his wife. Confirming the arrest to our reporter yesterday, Nasarawa Police Public Relations Officer (PPRO), Idrissu Kanadi, said the wife of the late monarch was arrested by the Wamba Police Divisional office, with the case presently transferred to the State Criminal Investigation Department (CID) for investigation. According to the PPRO, the woman, a community health worker, is being held over suspicion that she committed culpable homicide. “She is being detained in order for us to determine her culpability or otherwise”, he stated.

Meanwhile, the eldest son of the deceased monarch, Abdullahi Zubairu, 33, in a phone chat with our reporter, disclosed the events leading to the death of his father and the arrest of his stepmother. Speaking in tears, Abdullahi, a civil servant, narrated that his late father was about to add a new wife when he suddenly died. According to him, there was a slight disagreement between his father and his stepmother because the latter didn’t take it kindly with her husband adding a new wife. He said however that issues were resolved between the two, with Amina agreeing to allow the marriage take place. “My father was in a jubilant mood that he was adding a new wife. We left him around 9 pm Friday night as we prepared for the ceremony the following day Saturday, only for me to discover my father died early morning” Abdullahi stated. The wedding fatiha which was slated for Saturday last week, which was billed to hold at the

National Mosque in Abuja, didn’t come to pass because the groom, the Gwom Mama, a first class chief, was found dead on his bed on the same day he planned to wed. Abdullahi stated further that as at the time of his death, there were signs that the late Gwom Mama was injected with “sniper” a rat poison, which many suspected killed the monarch. “Because of the circumstance of his death, we called in the police and medical doctors who after examining the dead body, confirmed he was indeed injected just before he died”, he explained. He added further that the late monarch has since been taken to the Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH) for autopsy; with doctors there also confirming that he was injected. “Doctors there confirmed to us that he was not only injected but that he has a broken neck”, Abdullahi stated. While Amina Zubairu is being held by the police, the prayer of the Gwom Mama family, nine children in all, two of who belong to the arrested wife, is that the law takes its course.

Gunmen abduct EFCC suspect in court By Joy Baba

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our gunmen on Thursday, February 20, 2014 abducted an alleged serial fraudster and suspect in two cases being handled by the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission, EFCC. A statement signed by EFCC Head of media and publicity, Wilson Uwujaren said the suspect, Princewill Arinze Nwobodo (alias Aboki J. Brown) was abducted by the gunmen within the precincts of the Lagos High Court, Igbosere where he was to be arraigned before Justice Aishat Opesanwo on a 4-count charge bordering on obtaining $ 92,000(Ninety-Two Thousand United States Dollars) under false pretence. The arraignment was deferred to March 27, 2014 as the court did not sit. The statement also said Nwobodo had previously been arraigned in two separate courts in Lagos on fraud related charges. According to the statement “He was docked on October 25, 2013 before Justice Saliu Seidu of the Federal High Court, Lagos on a 15- count charge bordering on forgery and obtaining under false pretence. He pleaded not guilty to the charges and was granted bail. His inability to meet the bail conditions consigned him to prison custody till Thursday, February 20. In the second court, he was arraigned on November 20, 2013 before Justice Aishat Opesanwo alongside Katchy Okoye and Matthew Usong on a 12-count charge that borders on conspiracy and obtaining money under false pretence. They were granted bail but could not meet the bail terms.

L-R: Permanent Secretary, Federal Ministry of Finance, Mrs Nwobia Daniel; Kaduna State Commissioner For Finance, Alhaji Samaila Aliyu; Accountant General of the Federation, Mr Jona Otunla and President, James Kayode Consulting Company, Mr James Naiyeju, At The National Treasury Retreat. yesterday in Kaduna. PHOTO: NAN

Kano Emirate Council, Senator Akume condemn Sanusi’s suspension: “Its unconstitutional” By Miriam Humbe , Abuja & Edwin Olofu, Kano

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he Kano Emirate Council has condemned the suspension of Malam Sanusi Lamido Sanusi from the position of Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Governor. The Emirate council in a statement on Friday signed by the Walin Kano, Alhaji Mahe Bashir said “we and many see the President’s action as a deliberate witch-hunt of the governor for doing his job by letting Nigerians know the alleged fraud going on at the petroleum industry and to divert people’s attention from this monumental fraud”. Wali said “ As the President suspended the governor without recourse to the Rule of Law, we believe it was deliberate attempt to witch-hunt him, a desperation and impunity at the highest order by the Federal Government”. The Emirate also called on the Federal Government to review the sus-

pension of the CBN Governor, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi in the interest of equity, justice and fairness. “It is our view that the Federal Government should as a matter of urgency review this issue by following the laid down procedure in the suspension of public officers, for equity, justice and fairness”. It said, “ democracy will never mature if we stay with a penchant to personalise governance. We need to build an institution, we need to build our democracy and commitment to public accountability is part of building institutions”. The Emirate council member also thanked members of the National Assembly and general public for not supporting the action. “At this point we will like to thank members of the National Assembly and the general public for condemning and objecting to the suspension”. Meanwhile, Senate Minority Leader, Senator George Akume has

joined in condemning the suspension, describing the act as “inimical to good governance and the Rule of Law”. In a media statement, Senator Akume said, “the suspension of the CBN Governor has raised more questions than it addresses the issue of good governance, accountability and the fight against corruption, especially, coming at a time when there are unresolved issues in the petroleum industry, which is known locally and internationally as a cesspool of corruption”. While one may not question the prerogative of Mr. President to hire and fire, such actions must be guided by strict observance to laid down processes and in the overriding national interest. He said, “Now that the President has acted illegally and unconstitutionally, he should also now act legally and constitutionally by firing the Petroleum Minister and the top management of the NNPC to restore confidence in the sector”.

He described the Presidency’s action as “a gross violation of the Central Bank Act, 2007”. Section 11(2)(f) of the CBN Act states that the President can only remove the CBN Governor where his request is supported by two-thirds majority of the Senate of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. “We condemn in very strong terms this very unfortunate, unjustified, unwarranted and illegal removal of the Governor of Central Bank, Mallam Sanusi Lamido Sanusi under the guise of suspension. The President must stop the persistent violation of Nigerian Laws and impunity in governance”. “We call for the immediate reinstatement of the Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria, Mallam Sanusi Lamido Sanusi. “Meanwhile, our lawyers are scrutinizing breaches and flagrant violations of our laws by Mr. President for appropriate and necessary action”, he said.


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

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Cover

Boko Haram: Harvest of massacre in Borno

Burnt houses From Mustapha Isah Kwaru, Maiduguri

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he renewed attacks by suspected Boko Haram militants, whom observers believe have now gone wild and stepped up attacks on vulnerable people irrespective of tribe and religion, has now became a source of concern as residents are now in palpable fears. They are amiss as to which part of the state will be the next target of the terror attack. So far, over 700 people were estimated to have been killed within a month in the state alone, a situation analysts describe as “scandalous and reprehensive.” The figure excludes unreported stories of people who were also killed and maimed and countless communities completely sacked across the state. Almost all the villages surrounding Maiduguri, including farming and fishing communities as well as famous towns that host weekly markets havebeen sacked, heightening fear among residents especially those at the state capital. Observers believe that the biggest irony surrounding recent attacks is that the perpetrators have no preferred targets. Prior to this, the insurgents had launched deadly attacks in the last two weeks and sacked 37communities of Kwaljiri, Kaya, Ngawo Fate, Limanti, Njaba, Yahuri, among others in Damboa, Konduga and Gwoza local government areas. A plausible example is the incident in which gunmen suspected to be members of the Boko Haram stormed Konduga, 35 kilometers from Maiduguri, killing 57 people, with over 2000 houses burnt. Over 50 others sustained gunshot wounds and,burns and are now

receiving treatment in various hospitals, including the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, (UMTH). It was gathered that scores of people who escaped with bullet wounds died in the bushes and their bodies are being recovered for burial. This is the second attack on Konduga town in less than a year. In the first one, over 40 people were killed. 39 bodies were seen at the premises of the Central Mosque of the town, being prepared for burial. This came two weeks after a similar incident in Kawuri community also in Konduga local government in which gunmen killed 85 civilians. Our correspondent who was in Konduga reports that over 70 percent of the town has been destroyed while residents who fled for safety slept in bushes and neighbouring villages. Many of them were yesterday returning home. Local officials and distraught residents told Governor Kashim Shettima who visited the town. The governor was accompanied by the AIG in charge of Zone 12, Mohammed Gana and the Borno State Commissioner of Police, Lawan Tanko’ directed the release of money for the purchase of relief materials and called on the Federal Government to deploy more troops and equipment to the state to tackle the Boko Haram insurgency. “Federal Government should wake up to face its responsibilities. Public buildings destroyed included the College of Administration and Business Studies, Government Girls College, the women and children hospital, the agric extension office, court, library, dozens of shops and stores and countless vehicles. The palace of the districtit was laced with explosives which exploded much later at night, forcing thevdome and the minarets to collapse. Residentssaid

the bombs were timed, apparently to kill worshippers who might attempt to go there for morning prayers. It was gathered that over 400 insurgents dressed in military uniform drove in chains of vehicles led by two armoured carriers. Tijjani Peter, the secretary of the vigilante group, also known as civilian JTF in Konduga said the onslaught started around 5pm and lasted till around 12am. According to him, only few of them held Ak47 rifles, all the rest had rocket launchers and bombs. Soon after the first attack around the palace of the district head, they hoisted their flag at the centre of the town which was red on colour and thereafter mercilessly bulldozed everywhere,” Peter said. He alleged that soldiers and policemen fled when they realized that they could not confront them. lso narrating the incident to newsmen, a survivor, Malam Kolomi Modu who brought five of his wounded relations for treatment to Konduga General Hospital, described the attacks as horrifying.”Our village was attacked by Boko haram members on Tuesday evening which is the market day and they killed 39 people and set the whole town on fire before leaving.” Several people sustained gunshot wounds but I managed to bring five of them to thr hospital because there was no way to move them out before now. Another survivor, Malam Bukar Goni, but sustained minor burns when his house was set on fire said he escaped by the whiskers. Goni who is being treated at Borno Specialists Hospital said: “We were busy conducting our normal commercial activities in the market when suddenly we heard gunshots coming from different directions

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and cries for help from women and children.”I succeeded in escaping into my house’’. In another terror onslaught, suspected Boko Haram insurgents had attacked residents of Bama town, the administrative headquarters of Bama local government area of Borno state, killing over 40 civilians. The latest wave of bloody attacks being launched by the terror group which occured yesterday, came barely three days after a similar incident in which 146 people were estimated to have been killed in Izge village, Gwoza local government area of the state.Our correspondent reports that soon after the last week attack in Konduga town which killed over 50 persons, there was serious rumors that the insurgents had fingered Bama as their next target. It was learnt that the insurgents, who dressed in military uniforms came out in large numbers and armed with sophisticated weapons and explosives. They reportedly sneaked into the area in a convoy of several military- colored patrol vehicles and trucks. Senator Khalifa Ahmed Zanna who represents the area in the senate, confirmed the incident in a BBC Hausa program monititored in Maiduguri, saying the assailants invaded the area around 4am. “Yes it is true that my people called to inform me that our town was under attack, I think the incident occured at about 4.30am. I was told that two persons who are known to me have so far lost their lives in the attacks which were targetted at two areas, namely New Bama, where I was born and the central market. So far I got the report of only two death, but several others might have also been killed”, Senator Zanna claimed. Asked on the situation during the attack, , the senator said:

“Information reaching me from the area indicates that several houses, shops and other structures were burnt by the rampaging gunmen, while thousands of residents who escape the onslaught have abandon their homes and flee into the sorrounding bushes”. Its quite unfortunate that despite the presence of security forces the invaders have a field day, they operate till around 12pm, before withdrawing on their own”, he added. The lawmaker also supported Borno state Governor Shettima’s recent remarks in which he ruled out possiblity for the military to win the ongoing war against Boko Haram fighters.”I quite agree with Governor Shettima that the insurgents are well equipped and motivated than the federal troops. Boko Haram handle sophisticated weapons such as rocket launchers, explosives and anti- aircrafts, whreas soldiers and that unless Federal Government equip our military, victory is not on our side. This becomes evident following the rampant bloody attacks being carried out by the insurgents”, he observed. rior to this, another set of the, gunmen suspected to be members of Boko Haram sect, on Tuesday attacked the residence of the Commander Joint Task Force (JTF), Niger Delta, Major General Tukur Buratai at Buratai District in Biu Local Government Area of Borno state, killing one security personnel on guard with others injured. Buratai is about 215 kilometres from Maiduguri, the state capital. The village , a few months ago was attacked by suspected terrorists

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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Cover Boko Haram: Harvest of massacre in Borno Contd from Page 7

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hen they killed a businessman. A resident of Buratai, who declined identification told newsmen that “the suspected terrorists ambushed soldiers who were on guard at the general’s mansion in the village at about 7pm on Tuesday with exchange of gunfire, but the terrorists overpowered the security operatives using Improvised Explosive Devices, IEDS and Rocket Propelled Launchers. They killed one soldier after setting the building ablaze”. , the Police Commissioner in Borno state, Lawal Tanko, confirmed that attack on General Buratai’s residence though the senior military officer was not at his residence at the time of the assault“. The soldiers succeeded in repelling the attacks on Buratai (about 215 kilometres from Maiduguri, the Borno state capital) resulting in minimal damage,” he said, confirming that one soldier had been killed. imilarly, barely 24 hours after the insurgents launched a major offensive on Bama town, others had reportedly laid siege on the Banki-Gulumba-Dikwa road along the Nigeria-Cameroon border, visiting mayhem on travelers on that route. A driver of a commercial vehicle who said he narrowly escaped from the attackers, told newsmen that the terrorists who take over Maiduguri-Dikwa high way and Banki-Gulumba road, had butchered unspecified number of travelers on that route set their vehicles ablaze. For now no one can say when and where will be the next target. As this not enough, the Boko Haram sect last weekend , launched the most recent deadly attacks in Izge village of Gwoza local government area of Borno state and killed at least over 100 persons. Similarly, prior to this, another set of gunmen on Friday night stormed Baga town along Nigeria- Cameroon border in Bama local government area of the state and killed unspecified numbers of civilians.Both attacks occured within four days after over 59 people lost their lives, 2000 houses burnt when the suspected Boko Haram fighters carried out another onslaught in Konduga town.Residents said the first incident which occured in Baga was launched by over 50 insurgents, who were armed with sophisticated weapons, forcing both security forces

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and civilians to flee into Cameroon territory. It was further learnt that the inavders, who carried assault rifles, anti-aircraft guns, which were mounted on open military patrol vehicles, sneaked into the town in Hilux vehicles, truck and motorcyles from the desert and forest.The attackers had also reportedly dressed in military uniforms and armed with rocket launchers, General Purpose Machine Guns, (GPMGs), Rocket Propelled Grenades, (RPGs) and explosives among others. Sources said upon storming the area, the attackers splited into two groups, with one group firing sporadic shots into the crowd. Others had reportedly embarked on the burning of houses, shops, public buildings and other structures. A survivor who fled to Maiduguri and declined identification told newsmen that several people were killed and hundreds of houses burnt during the onslaught which lasted for over five hours. Residents said the incident happened around 9pm, when most of people had retired to the beds, before being terrified by sporadic sounds of machine guns and explosives.A resident who simply identified himself as Mr. Musa Bitrus told newsmen on phone that the gunmem who disguised as security forces and dressed in military uniforms, had arrived in the area in a convoy of 10 military-colored Hilux vehicles.Mr. Bitrus added that the invaders had initially pretended to be security personnel deployed to the area and wished holding a town hall meeting seeking cooperation of the entire community on how to stem the persistent attacks in the area. “Though when they came the insurgents did not fire a single shot but we all started runing and entered into our houses. But they kept saying don’t panic we are not here to harm anyone, we are here to protect you and wants hold a meeting. This convinced few of us to come out and assembled before who we perceived as genuine soldiers, while many of us ignored the call and stayed indoors”, he said.”When they realised that very few headed their calls, to our suprise the insurgents begun firing indiscriminate shots into those who assembled, killing 10 people on the spot, while dozens were left wounded”, he added. According to him, they carted away cash, foodstuff and other

Surviving victims of Boko Haram attack who fled to Madagali local government area of Adamawa state. valuables before setting the buildings on fire, leading to serious stampede as residents fled into the nearby bush while others climbed the hills. Asked on if security forces were not present during the attack, the resident said the military deployed to the area had to seek reinforcement of more personnel and arms. “There was time the military came under heavy gunfire añd had to abandone their duty post to seek reinforcement upong realizing the superior power of the Boko Haram”, he further claimed. overnor Kashim Shettima who visited the area, sympathised with the surviving victims. The governor, who led powerful delegation of his cabinet members, was also accompanied by member of the National Assembly representing Borno south, Senator Mohammed Ali Ndume, directed immediate release of N200 million for the procurement of assorted relief materials for Internally Displaced Persons, (IDPs). Before proceeding to the area, Shettima wept repeatedly when he made stop-over in SabonGarin Madagali town and secretariat of Madagali local government area in Gulak town, all in Adamawa state,

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Woman removing some belongings from the remains of what used to be her house

where over 10,000 of displaced persons took refuge. Addressing the IDPs in Sabon-Garin Madagali, the governor consoled with the survivors and urged them to consider the unfortunate incident as an act of God, saying government is with them at this tragic period. “We are not here to pay for the lost of lives and properties consumed by the Boko Haram onslaught as no amount of cash would either repay for the souls lost or valuables destroyed by the insurgents as well as horrifying trauma you suffered , rather we are here to sympathise with you and see how best to overcome your sufferings”, Shettima declared. At Madagali local government secretariat, Shettima implored the survivors to take heart, saying government has unveiled effective mechanisms to protect their lives and properties against further recurrence of the unfortunate incident.The governor who vowed to ensure adequate welfare for the displaced persons, doled out the sum of N2 million for the procurement of immediate needs for them, Towards this end, he constituted a committee which saddled with mandate for feeding, provision of clothing materials, among other basic needs. Also speaking, Senator Ndume told the victims that Governor Shettima is much committed to ensuring that more troops are deployed to their area to enable them return home. He said the governor has met with President Goodluck Jonathan and deliberated on how best to guarantee their safety. The renewed attacks by suspected Boko Haram militants, whom observers believe have now gone wild and stepped up attacks on vulnerable people irrespective of tribe and religion since the beginning of new year in Borno state, has now became a source of concern as residents are now in palpable fears as which part of the state will be the next target of the terror attack. So far, over 700 people were estimated to have been killed within a month in the state alone, a situation analysts described as “scandalous and reprehensive.” The figure excludes unreported stories of people who were also killed and maimed and countless communities completely sacked across the state. Almost all the villages surrounding Maiduguri, including farming and fishing

communities as well as famous towns that host weekly markets havebeen sacked, heightening fear among residents especially those at the state capital. Observers believe that the biggest irony surrounding recent attacks is that the perpetrators have no preferred targets. Prior to this, the insurgents had launched deadly attacks in the last two weeks and sacked 37communities of Kwaljiri, Kaya, Ngawo Fate, Limanti, Njaba, Yahuri, among others in Damboa, Konduga and Gwoza local government areas. A plausible example is the incident in which gunmen suspected to be members of the Boko Haram late Tuesday stormed Konduga, 35 kilometers from Maiduguri, killing 57 people, with over 2000 houses burnt. Over 50 others sustained gunshot wounds and,burns and are now receiving treatment in various hospitals, including the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, (UMTH). It was gathered that scores of people who escaped with bullet wounds died in the bushes and their bodies are being recovered for burial. This is the second attack on Konduga town in less than a year. In the first one, over 40 people were killed. 39 bodies were seen at the premises of the Central Mosque of the town, being prepared for burial. This came two weeks after a similar incident in Kawuri community also in Konduga local government in which gunmen killed 85 civilians. ur correspondent who was in Konduga reports that over 70 percent of the town has been destroyed while residents who fled for safety slept in bushes and neighbouring villages. Many of them were yesterday returning home. Local officials and distraught residents told Governor Kashim Shettima who visited the town. The governor was accompanied by the AIG in charge of Zone 12, Mohammed Gana and theBorno State Commissioner of Police, Lawan Tanko’ directed the release of N1000 million for the purchase of relief materials and called on the Federal Government to deploy more troops and equipment to the state to tackle the Boko Haram insurgency. “Federal Government should wake up to face its responsibilities. Public

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Contd on Page 9


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

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Contd from Page 8 buildings destroyed included the College of Administration and Business Studies, Government Girls College, the women and children hospital, the agric extension office, court, library, dozens of shops and stores and countless vehicles. The palace of the districtit was laced with explosives which exploded much later at night, forcing thevdome and the minarets to collapse. Residentssaid the bombs were timed, apparently to kill worshippers who might attempt to go there for morning prayers. It was gathered that over 400 insurgents dressed in military uniform drove in chains of vehicles led by two armoured carriers. Tijjani Peter, the secretary of the vigilante group, also known as civilian JTF in Konduga said the onslaught started around 5pm and lasted till around 12am. According to him, only few of them held Ak47 rifles, all the rest had rocket launchers and bombs. Soon after the first attack around the palace of the district head, they hoisted their flag at the centre of the town which was red on colour and thereafter mercilessly bulldozed everywhere,” Peter said. He alleged that soldiers and policemen fled when they realized that they could not confront them. lso narrating the incident to newsmen, a survivor, Malam Kolomi Modu who brought five of his wounded relations for treatment to Konduga General Hospital, described the attacks as horrifying.”Our village was attacked by Boko haram members on Tuesday evening which is the market day and they killed 39 people and set the whole town on fire before leaving.” Several people sustained gunshot wounds but I managed to bring five of them to thr hospital because there was no way to move them out before now. Another survivor, Malam Bukar Goni, but sustained minor burns when his house was set on fire said he escaped by the whiskers. Goni who is being treated at Borno Specialists Hospital said: “We were busy conducting our normal commercial activities in the market when suddenly we heard gunshots coming from different directions and cries for help from women and children.”I succeeded in escaping into my house’’. In another terror onslaught, suspected Boko Haram insurgents had attacked residents of Bama town, the administrative headquarters of Bama local government area of Borno state, killing over 40 civilians.The latest wave of bloody attacks being launched by the terror group which occured yesterday, came barely three days after a similar incident in which 146 people were estimated to have been killed in Izge village, Gwoza local government area of the state.Our correspondent reports that soon after the last week attack in Konduga town which killed over 50 persons, there was serious rumors that the insurgents had fingered Bama as their next target. > It was learnt that the insurgents, who dressed in military uniforms came out in large numbers and armed with sophisticated weapons and explosives. They reportedly sneaked into the area in a convoy of several military- colored patrol vehicles and trucks. Senator Khalifa Ahmed Zanna who represents the area in the senate, confirmed the incident in a BBC Hausa program monititored in Maiduguri, saying the assailants invaded the area around 4am. “Yes it is true that my people called to inform me that our town was under attack, I think the incident occured at about 4.30am. I was told that two persons who are known to

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Boko Haram: Harvest of massacre in Borno

Izge people displaced by Boko Haram attack me have so far lost their lives in the attacks which were targetted at two areas, namely New Bama, where I was born and the central market. So far I got the report of only two death, but several others might have also been killed”, Senator Zanna claimed. Asked on the situation during the attack, , the senator said: “Information reaching me from the area indicates that several houses, shops and other structures were burnt by the rampaging gunmen, while thousands of residents who escape the onslaught have abandon their homes and flee into the sorrounding bushes”. Its quite unfortunate that despite the presence of security forces the invaders have a field day, they operate till around 12pm, before withdrawing on their own”, he added. The lawmaker also supported Borno state Governor Shettima’s recent remarks in which he ruled out possiblity for the military to win the ongoing war against Boko Haram fighters.”I quite agree with Governor Shettima that the insurgents are well equipped and motivated than the federal troops. Boko Haram handle sophisticated weapons such as rocket launchers, explosives and anti- aircrafts, whreas soldiers and that unless Federal Government equip our military, victory is not on our side. This becomes evident following the rampant bloody attacks being carried out by the insurgents”, he observed. Prior to this, another set of the, gunmen suspected to be members of Boko Haram sect, on Tuesday attacked the residence of the Commander Joint Task Force (JTF), Niger Delta, Major General Tukur Buratai at Buratai District in Biu Local Government Area of Borno state, killing one security personnel on guard with others injured. Buratai is about 215 kilometres from Maiduguri, the state capital. The village , a few months ago was attacked by suspected terrorists when they killed a businessman. A resident of Buratai, who declined identification told newsmen that “the suspected terrorists ambushed soldiers who were on guard at the general’s mansion in the village at about 7pm on Tuesday with exchange of gunfire, but the terrorists overpowered the security operatives using Improvised Explosive Devices, IEDS and Rocket

Propelled Launchers. They killed one soldier after setting the building ablaze”. , the Police Commissioner in Borno state, Lawal Tanko, confirmed that attack on General Buratai’s residence though the senior military officer was not at his residence at the time of the assault“. The soldiers succeeded in repelling the attacks on Buratai (about 215 kilometres from Maiduguri, the Borno state capital) resulting in minimal damage,” he said, confirming that one soldier had been killed. imilarly, barely 24 hours after the insurgents launched a major offensive on Bama town, others had reportedly laid siege on the Banki-Gulumba-Dikwa road along the Nigeria-Cameroon border, visiting mayhem on travelers on that route. A driver of a commercial vehicle who said he narrowly escaped from the attackers, told newsmen that the terrorists who take over Maiduguri-Dikwa high way and Banki-Gulumba road, had butchered unspecified number of travelers on that route set their vehicles ablaze. For now no one can say when and where will be the next target. As this not enough, the Boko Haram sect last weekend , launched the most recent deadly attacks in Izge village of Gwoza local government area of Borno state and killed at least over 100 persons. Similarly, prior to this, another set of gunmen on Friday night stormed Baga town along Nigeria- Cameroon border in Bama local government area of the state and killed unspecified numbers of civilians.Both attacks occured within four days after over 59 people lost their lives, 2000 houses burnt when the suspected Boko Haram fighters carried out another onslaught in Konduga town.Residents said the first incident which occured in Baga was launched by over 50 insurgents, who were armed with sophisticated weapons, forcing both security forces and civilians to flee into Cameroon territory. It was further learnt that the inavders, who carried assault rifles, anti-aircraft guns, which were mounted on open military patrol vehicles, sneaked into the town in Hilux vehicles, truck and motorcyles from the desert and forest.The attackers had also reportedly dressed in military uniforms and armed with rocket launchers, General Purpose Machine Guns, (GPMGs), Rocket Propelled Grenades, (RPGs) and

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explosives among others. Sources said upon storming the area, the attackers splited into two groups, with one group firing sporadic shots into the crowd. Others had reportedly embarked on the burning of houses, shops, public buildings and other structures. A survivor who fled to Maiduguri and declined identification told newsmen that several people were killed and hundreds of houses burnt during the onslaught which lasted for over five hours. Residents said the incident happened around 9pm, when most of people had retired to the beds, before being terrified by sporadic sounds of machine guns and explosives.A resident who simply identified himself as Mr. Musa Bitrus told newsmen on phone that the gunmem who disguised as security forces and dressed in military uniforms, had arrived in the area in a convoy of 10 military-colored Hilux vehicles.Mr. Bitrus added that the invaders had initially pretended to be security personnel deployed to the area and wished holding a town hall meeting seeking cooperation of the entire community on how to stem the persistent attacks in the area. “Though when they came the insurgents did not fire a single shot but we all started runing and entered into our houses. But they kept saying don’t panic we are not here to harm anyone, we are here to protect you and wants hold a meeting. This convinced few of us to come out and assembled before who we perceived as genuine soldiers, while many of us ignored the call and stayed indoors”, he said.”When they realised that very few headed their calls, to our suprise the insurgents begun firing indiscriminate shots into those who assembled, killing 10 people on the spot, while dozens were left wounded”, he added. ccording to him, they carted away cash, foodstuff and other valuables before setting the buildings on fire, leading to serious stampede as residents fled into the nearby bush while others climbed the hills. Asked on if security forces were not present during the attack, the resident said the military deployed to the area had to seek reinforcement of more personnel and arms. “There was time the military came under heavy gunfire añd had to abandone

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their duty post to seek reinforcement upong realizing the superior power of the Boko Haram”, he further claimed. Governor Kashim Shettima who visited the area, sympathised with the surviving victims. The governor, who led powerful delegation of his cabinet members, was also accompanied by member of the National Assembly representing Borno south, Senator Mohammed Ali Ndume, directed immediate release of N200 million for the procurement of assorted relief materials for Internally Displaced Persons, (IDPs). Before proceeding to the area, Shettima wept repeatedly when he made stop-over in SabonGarin Madagali town and secretariat of Madagali local government area in Gulak town, all in Adamawa state, where over 10,000 of displaced persons took refuge. Addressing the IDPs in Sabon-Garin Madagali, the governor consoled with the survivors and urged them to consider the unfortunate incident as an act of God, saying government is with them at this tragic period. “We are not here to pay for the lost of lives and properties consumed by the Boko Haram onslaught as no amount of cash would either repay for the souls lost or valuables destroyed by the insurgents as well as horrifying trauma you suffered , rather we are here to sympathise with you and see how best to overcome your sufferings”, Shettima declared. At Madagali local government secretariat, Shettima implored the survivors to take heart, saying government has unveiled effective mechanisms to protect their lives and properties against further recurrence of the unfortunate incident.The governor who vowed to ensure adequate welfare for the displaced persons, doled out the sum of N2 million for the procurement of immediate needs for them, Towards this end, he constituted a committee which saddled with mandate for feeding, provision of clothing materials, among other basic needs. Also speaking, Senator Ndume told the victims that Governor Shettima is much committed to ensuring that more troops are deployed to their area to enable them return home. He said the governor has met with President Goodluck Jonathan and deliberated on how best to guarantee their safety.


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

News Dangote collaborates Niger govt to establish rice, sugar factory From Yakubu Minna

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Mustapha,

iger state government in a bid to fight the prevailing poverty in the North and the President Dangote Group, Alhaji Aliko Dangote yesterday agreed to partner with State Government in the agricultural sector. He stated this while answering questions from journalists after a closed door meeting with Governor Babangida Aliyu at his residence in Tunga-Minna the state capital yesterday. Dangote disclosed that he decided to partner Northern State Governors to contribute his quota towards alleviating poverty by investing in the region in order to reduce poverty to the barest minimum. He stated, “We are looking at how we can empower people to alleviate themselves from poverty and reduce pressure from government, in the light of this we were approached by the state government to invest in the state and after careful analysis of the situation I decided to concentrate on the agricultural sector”. Dangote Group boss pointed out that, his desire to invest in the state is borne out of his desire to reduce unemployment in general and not because of the expected return on investment, he added. “We are requesting for 50,000 hectares of land because Niger State is a place to do rice and sugar cane considering its water availability, land and secured environment”. Alhaji Dangote said his group will hold 70 percent equity of the proposed 50,000 hectares commercial farms while the state government and the host communities will hold 30 percent. “When I finally made up my mind to come to Niger State two weeks ago, I knew it is in the Agric sub-sector that we will invest because that is where our people thrive”. Speaking on the breakthrough recorded by his administration, Governor Mu’azu Babangida Aliyu said the state government has setup a technical committee to provide the 50,000 hectares to the renowned industrialist in two weeks time. “Am happy that finally he is coming to our state, because I have been pursuing him for over ten years to come and invest in Niger State while I was still a Federal Permanent Secretary, this project would create massive employment in the state especially among the rural people”.

Kogi Guber: Wada floors Echocho at S/Court By Sunday Ejike Benjamin

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he Supreme Court Friday upheld the election of Captain Idris Wada as the duly elected governor of Kogi State on the platform of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP). The apex court, in a judgment dismissed a suit brought before it by another PDP Chieftain and former governorship aspirant, Alhaji Jibrin Isah (aka Echocho) against governor Wada seeking the nullifi-

cation of the election. Supreme Court, in a unanimous decision held that Isah has no locus standi to challenge the election he did not participate in, adding that, since the appellant was challenging a concluded election, he ought to have gone to the state Election Petition Tribunal which sat in Lokoja, to ventilate his grievances against the poll. In the lead judgment prepared by Justice Bode Rhodes Vivour but delivered by Justice Binta Clara

Ogunbiyi, the court upheld the judgments of the federal high court and the Court of Appeal in Abuja which had earlier declined jurisdiction in the matter. The apex court held that the two courts were right in law in refusing to entertain the suit on merit since they cannot constitute themselves into election petition tribunals. Justice Vivour said the appellant claim that he won the first primary election of PDP and his name submitted to the Independ-

R-L: Acting Governor, Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), Mrs. Sarah Alade with CBN Deputy Governor Corporate Services, Alhaji Suleiman Barau, addressing Pressmen on the latest development on the CBN on Friday in Abuja. Photo: Mahmud Isa

Court bars Police, SSS from arresting Sanusi

By Miriam Humbe

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he Federal High Court in Lagos has given an order barring the Nigerian Police Force and the State Security Service, SSS, from arresting embattled Central Bank Governor, Lamido Sanusi. Justice I.N. Buba granted the order on Friday based on a suit filed by Mr. Sanusi against the police, the SSS, and the Attorney General of the Federation. The judge granted an order “restraining the Respondents, their privies, agents, representatives, or any other law enforcement agencies of the Government of the Federation from violating,

interfering with, or imposing any restriction on the enjoyment of the Applicant’s right to personal liberty and freedom of movement pending the hearing and determination of the Motion on Notice.” Mr. Sanusi was suspended by President Goodluck Jonathan on Thursday, after being accused of corruption. Many Nigerians, however, believe he is being witch-hunted for exposing the mismanagement of funds by Nigeria’s oil company, NNPC. His international passport was on Thursday seized by the SSS. (Premium Times)

ent National Electoral Commission (INEC) but noted that with the cancellation of the first primary election by the same party, his candidature cannot stand again. The apex court also noted that the appellant participated fully in the second primary election that produced governor Wada as PDP candidate but failed to secure the flag of the party. The Court also held that since the appellant did not participate in the general election, he has no locus standi to challenge the general election as doing so would run contrary to section 141 of the Electoral Act. “There is no dispute to the fact that the appellant participated and won the first primary election conducted by the PDP. “There is also no dispute that his name was submitted to INEC as PDP candidate but his candidature has faded away immediately the primary election was cancelled and another one fixed. “It is equally worthy of note that the appellant did not win the re-scheduled primary election and such did not participate in the general election and for this reason, and in line with provisions of section 141 of the Electoral Act, the appellant cannot in anyway challenge the election in which he did not participate. “The totality of conclusion in this case is that the appeal brought before this court by the appellant lacks merit and is hereby dismissed”, the court held.

Minister advocates punitive measures to curb building collapse he minister of Works, Mr. Mike Onolememen has called on the Nigerian Society of Engineers, NSE, and its counterpart organization, Council for the Regulation of Engineering in Nigeria, COREN, to begin meting out disciplinary measures to erring engineers in order to curb the trend of building collapse in the country by opening a black book. Onolememen said this when he hosted the President of the Nigerian Society of Engineers, Engr. Ademola Isaac Olorunfemi, on Thursday in Abuja. While speaking earlier, NSE President, Engr. Ademola Isaac Olorunfemi, had expressed concern over the rising incidence of building collapse in

the country among other issues. He revealed that poor workmanship, use of cheap and inferior materials, wrong interpretation of building design, inadequate supervision, nonadherence to due process in building construction, lack of maintenance culture, abuse of plans and the activity of quacks were some of the reasons behind these avoidable agonies. “We will join forces with the Engineering Regulation Monitoring arm of COREN to ensure that the relevant laws guiding the sector are adhered to; stimulate law enforcement agencies to bring offenders to justice, draw the media into the stakeholders’ forum to play their part by educating clients to avoid cheap services which often land them in the hands of quacks”, Olorunfemi said.

Unlawful arrest: Court slams N5m fine against Police By Sunday Ejike Benjamin

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federal high court in Gombe state has fined the Nigeria Police of N5 million over an unlawful arrest and detention of officers of the Peace Corps of Nigeria (PCN). The unlawful arrest and detention carried out at Gombe airport in November last year was declared illegal, unlawful, unconstitutional and a breach of the

fundamental rights of the plaintiffs by the court. The Peace Corps and nine of its officials led by the Gombe State Commandant, Balarabe Alhassan had sued the Police for enforcement of their fundamental rights and N250million compensation for their unlawful arrest and detention by Police without any justification. Giving judgment in the case of breach of fundamental human

rights instituted against the Inspector General of Police, Justice Babatunde Kadiri said that the action of Police was barbaric and uncivilized. The judge held that Police acted in bad faith in arresting officers of a registered body without committing any offence known to law. The court ordered that a Hilux Pick Van illegally seized from the PCN be immediately released.

The Judge also granted order of perpetual injunction against Police restraining them from interfering or further interfering with the activities of the organization. The court said that on – no ground should Police molest harass, intimidate or cripple the lawful activities of the Peace Corps in the State having failed to establish any wrong doings against the organization or its men.


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

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News Court sentences man to death by hanging for killing banker-wife From Matthew Irinoye, Lagos

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Redeemed Christian Church of God, RCCG, Youth Pastor, Akolade Arowolo, has been sentenced to death by hanging for allegedly killing his banker wife, Titilayo Omozoje on June 24, 2011 at their Isolo residence. While delivering a three hours judgment, Justice Lateefat Okunnu of a Lagos High Court held that, “beyond reasonable doubt the evidence have shown that the deceased is dead. The only person that was with the deceased before her death at the material time was the accused.”

"It has also been admitted by the prosecution that the accused struggled with the deceased with a knife, which led to her death and thereafter, escaped from the crime scene." She held. The judge however, relied on the testimony of Professor John Obafunwa, a Consultant Pathologist and Chief Medical Examiner of Lagos State, who had testified that Titilayo was stabbed 76 times. She held that the qualifications and the demeanour of Obafunwa in court showed him to be a credible witness. Obafunwa had testified that the injuries on Omozoje could not

have been self-inflicted and that no one could have stabbed herself repeatedly because" you would have caused so much damage that at a time you have drop the knife." Justice Okunnu also said that the pathologist had testified that medical examination showed that a tremendous force was applied. The judge also relied on the testimony of relatives of the deceased, including her father, George Oyakhire, and her stepmother, Adetoun, who had testified that Arowolo’s marriage was characterised by domestic violence. Okunnu held that though,

Arowolo said in court that he only implied that the deceased stabbed herself, yet it was clear from his evidence that the convicted admitted that the wife died of stab wounds. While pronouncing her sentence, Justice Okunnu declared: "I pronounce you guilty as charged and hereby sentence you to death. The convicted who got to court at about 9am appearing in white shirt suddenly collapsed in the dock. It would be recalled that the convicted was arraigned on 21 December 2011, on a one-count charge of murder. He pleaded not guilty to the charge.

Jos High Court quashes APC’s bid to stop Plateau LG polls

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Jos High Court on Friday quashed a bid by the All Progressives Congress (APC) to stop the Plateau Local Government election fixed for February 25. Justice David Mann in his judgement described the suit by the APC as completely lacking in merit. He dismissed the suit and awarded damages of N50, 000 to each of the defendants in the matter. The defendants were the Plateau Government, the State Attorney-General and Commissioner for Justice, the Plateau State Independent Electoral Commission and the Plateau State House of Assembly. APC had asked the court to stop the polls citing the law in use as defective. Counsel to the APC, Mr Badamasi-Kabir Adam, pointed out that the commission was operating with two conflicting laws. He said the election should be stopped for the laws to be clarified to avoid the confusion that would ensue. According to him, the Plateau State Electoral Commission (PLASEC) law made in 2011 is being used side by side with another made for the Plateau State Independent Electoral Commission (PLASIEC) in 2013. However, Justice Mann held that the PLASEC law 2011 and the PLASIEC law 2013 were the same law. He said that it was the 2011 PLASEC law that was gazetted in May 2013 as PLASIEC law. According to the judge, reference made to the wrong law did not vitiate the notice of election issued by the commission. He said that the views of counsel that the PLASIEC law was inconsistent with the electoral Act, 2010 was grossly misconstrued. “The electoral Act 2010 has nothing to do with local government elections but apply only to Area Councils and State elections. “I find the originating summons completely bereft of any merit, I hereby dismiss it, this is my judgement,” he said. APC in its originating summons also asked the court to interpret the 1999 constitution, and provisions of the electoral Act 2010 which it said were in conflict with the PLASEC Law 2011. The APC counsel said that some of the provisions of the law were inconsistent with provisions of the electoral Act and the 1999 Constitution and to that extent should be declared null and void. (NAN)

L-R: Permanent Secretary Ministry of Women and Social Development, Dr. Habiba Lawal, Minister of Women Affairs, Hajiya Zainab Maina and Country Representative of UN Women, Dr. Grace Angele, at the National Stakeholders Consultative Preparatory Meeting on the 58th session of the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women on Friday. Photo: Mahmud Isa

National Security: FCT NIPR harps on collective responsibility

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he Federal Capital Territory, Abuja chapter of the Nigerian Institute of Public Relations (NIPR) has re-iterated the need for all hands to be deck in the on-going drive to address the spate of insurgency in some parts of the country. Reacting to the recent inauguration of the Forum of Spokespersons in Security and Response Agencies (FOSSRA) by the National Security Adviser, Col. Sambo Dasuki, the FCT Chairman of the Institute, Ohaeri Osondu commended the Federal Government for this initiative of providing a common platform for Public Relations Officers from the Military and Para-military agencies to collectively work towards the peaceful co-existence of the country. According to him, “it is interesting to note that this platform will not only eradicate unhealthy rivalry among the security agencies but will create extensive mileage for information sharing, intelligence gathering and purposeful management of the emerging secu-

rity-related trends” Recalling the statutory role of Public Relations, he added “ by this gesture, the Federal Government has once again, identified the statutory role of Public Relations practitioners under a given context, to act as build builders for corporate goodwill and public acceptance in view of their expertise on crisis management, through strategic communication, analysis/ prediction of trends and counseling of government on appropriate line of action” While congratulating the newly inaugurated members of the forum, the NIPR Chairman reminded them of the potency of accurate and responsible public information as vital to the war against terror and charged them to vigorously pursue greater cooperation and synergy among the spokespersons of security agencies on information management and urged them to be proactive and responsive to major issues that require urgent attention.

Speaking further, the NIPR Chairman disclosed that with the on-going repositioning and restructuring process being undertaken by the newly elected National executive body of the Nigerian Institute of Public Relations, wider spectrum has been initiated for Public Relations practitioners to contribute immensely to the national growth and also urged other professional bodies and the general public to perceive the on-going war against terrorism as a collective responsibility towards restoring decorum and safety of lives and property in some parts of the country which are presently under siege. It would be recalled that the Chairman of the FOSSRA, a Fellow of NIPR who is also the Director Defence Information, Major General Chris Olukolade, disclosed that the establishment of the forum was one of the outcomes of an Interactive Security-Media Parley, which was held in the Office of the National Security Adviser in November 2013.

Abducted former Bauchi Reps member released From Ahmed Kaigama, Bauchi

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former House of Representatives member, abducted four days ago by people suspected to kidnappers in his residence at Darazo Local Government Area of Bauchi state has been released. Hon Samaila Ahmed, a senatorial aspirant under All Progressive People's Congress (APC) who was abducted on Monday 17th February was released to his family members on Friday night after spending five days in the hands of his captors. It was learnt that the abductors demanded a ransom of N6.5m from Hon Ahmed's family but the family finally paid a ransom of N2.5m to the abductors before the release of the former Reps member. The Public Relations Officer (PPRO) of the Bauchi State Police Command, DSP Haruna Mohammed confirmed the release but was silent on the ransom paid by the family members. A security source who spoke to our correspondent on condition of anonymity expressed anger over the ransom paid to the captors saying the family members of Hon Ahmed did not cooperate with security operatives. He said "we are not happy with the ransom paid to the criminals that kidnapped Hon Ahmed and this happened because of non-cooperation from his family members and there are a lot of implications about this because paying of ransom will encourage more kidnap attempts in the state". Meanwhile, the Publicity Secretary All Progressive Congress (APC) youth vanguard in the state, Alhaji Naziru Ibrahim Darazo has expressed disappointment over the way and manner the kidnap of Hon Ahmed was handled saying the state government did not support or commiserate with the family members in search of their son.

Currency-inCirculation increases by 1.4 per cent ...total deposits at CBN decline by 3.4 per cent From Ngozi Onyeakusi, Lagos

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t N1.5 trillion, currency-incirculation, increased by 1.4 per cent in the month of November, 2013 compared with the increase of 5.1 and 9.8 per cent at the end of the preceding month and the corresponding period of 2012, respectively. The development relative to the preceding month reflected the 3.9 per cent increase in currency outside banks. Total deposits at the CBN amounted to N6.3 trillion, indicating a decline of 3.7 per cent below the level at the end of the preceding month. The development reflected, the respective decline in all its components, the DMBs, Federal Government and private sector deposits. Of the total deposits, the percentage shares of the Federal Government, banks and private sector were 49.9, 45.4 and 4.7 per cent, respectively, compared with 50.7, 44.7, and 4.6 per cent at end- October 2013. Reserve money (RM), the CBN operating target, rose byn1.1 per cent to N4, 463.1 billion at the end of the review month.


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Photo Splash

Relief materials presented to students of Government Girls Secondary School, Kaltungo, Gombe state on Thursday, to cushion effects of fire outbreak which destroyed two blocks of female hostels of the school recently

PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Participants during leadership workshop for INEC administrative secretaries yesterday in Enugu.

From Dubai, Abdulmuhaimin And Kalimat Hit Abuja, Celebrating Love It was almost possible for someone to cut the thick air of love with a sharp knife in Abuja when a day after the Valentine, Saturday, February 15, Abdulmuhaimin Omeiza, son of the Deputy Director in the Agric and Rural Development Department of the Federal Capital Territory Authority (FCTA), Alhaji Isah Ademoh, arrived fresh from Dubai to wed his hearth-throb, former Miss Kalimat Oyiza Habib. Amongst who were in attendance include a Nigerian former Ambassador, Ambassador Salawau Lawal, former chairman of the Senate committee on Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Senator Ohiare Salami, Executive Secretary in the Agric and Social Development Secretariat of the FCTA, Mrs. Olvadi Bema Madayi, the Ohi (first class chief) of Okengwe/Okene in Kogi state, Alhaji Yakubu Yusuf, Dr Isah Aliyu; former FCDA Secretary in the FCTA Agric Development Department, Dr. Auwalu; former commissioner in Kogi state, Dr. Abdulkarim and a host of others.

Residents in Badagry protesting over demolition of their houses in Atiporome community, yesterday n Badagry local government area of Lagos state

Polytechnic students blocking the entrance of the Ministry of Education during their protest for long strike of their lecturers, recently in Abuja. PHOTO: Justin Imo-owo & NAN


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

PAGE 13

News

AGF faults CBN over patronage of private law firms on NNPC status T

Minister of Justice and Attorney-General of the Federation, Mr Mohammed Adoke

he Minister of Justice and Attorney-General of the Federation, Mr Mohammed Adoke, has faulted the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) over its patronage of private law firms in matters between government establishments. Adoke appeared as requested by the Senate Committee on Finance to give his opinion on the monetary transactions of the NNPC in its remittances between 2012 and 2013. He described the hiring the services of private lawyers to interpret a matter related to constitutional provisions by the suspended CBN governor, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, as “irregular”. “The resort by the CBN governor to get paid legal opinion from private counsel on the interpretation and ap-

plication of the enabling statutes of government wholly-owned corporations is irregular. “It is a deliberate attempt to whittle down the powers of the AttorneyGeneral of the Federation as the Chief Law Officer of the Federation as enshrined in the 1999Constitution,” he said. The AGF explained that NNPC had the authority to transfer it’s participating interest in Oil Mining Lease (OML) in certain joint venture operations to its subsidiary Nigerian Petroleum Development Company (NPDC). He told the committee that NNPC was empowered by law to keep some part of its revenue for use to “defray” all expenses incurred in the course of its business in the upstream opera-

tions. “Consequently, what NNPC is required to pay into the Federation Account is the net revenue as opposed to gross revenue. It is my considered view that the provision of Section 162 of Federation Account does not preclude the deduction of NNPC’s expenditure or cost of business. “This is more so as the federating units do not contribute to the funding of upstream petroleum operations of the NNPC and its subsidiary.” He pleaded for time to enable him study and form an opinion on whether due process was followed by NNPC in engaging strategic partners for the funding and operation of the oil blocks assigned to it by NNPC.

NPA’s e-payment platform Senate to expedite action on FCT internal begins March 3 —Abdullahi revenue board, property tax laws —Mark

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he Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA) has confirmed that a new automated payment platform, “PayDirect,” scheduled to take off on March 3, has been established for all port transactions. The Managing Director of NPA, Malam Habib Abdullahi, said this at a maritime stakeholders’ forum in Lagos. ``The introduction of e-payment is part of the strategic initiative designed to address the payment challenges faced by our stakeholders. `The Authority acknowledges the problems our customers and other stakeholders have encountered in making payment. ``Complaints of delays in payment confirmation, leading to vessel delays and other harrowing experi-

ences which are common place. We have, therefore, responded with a solution that guarantees multiple payment channels and reduces reconciliation challenges to the barest minimum. ``Some of the benefits that are going to be derived from this epayment platform include instant payment confirmation, elimination of human interface in the payment procedures thereby curbing all other malpractice. ``It will also definitely improve vessel Turn-Around Time, reduce cost of doing business in our ports which impacts the nation’s economy.” He said the e-payment was to drive a transformation that would identify and block all avenues of revenue leakages. (NAN)

Confab: ‘Egbiras declare support, hold conference today By Stanley Onyekwere

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he Egbiras have declared support for the proposed Nigerian National Conference, even as they gear up present a common position on sundry issues likely to be on the table at the conference. The National President of the Ohiku-Egbira Descendants Union, Isa Ahmed Bukar, disclosed that the union is organising a national discuss amongst Egbira traditional rulers and others in all sectors of life, ahead of the proposed Nigerian national conference. Ohiku-Egbira Descendants Union is the umbrella body of socio cultural groups that cover the interest of all Egbira people who predominantly occupy the areas around the Niger-Benue confluence, in Nigeria. The union, whose conference comes up today in Lokoja, Kogi state, said efforts would be made to discuss and x-ray Egbiras’ common history, heritage, culture, aspirations and interests as well as their problems and constraints. According to him, it shall be a

heart to heart exploration of who the Egbira people are, and where they are as a people, with a view to articulate their common position on issues to be discussed at the proposed President Goodluck Jonathan’s national dialogue. “At the proposed national dialogue, it is the ethnic nationalities that should discuss issues affecting the Nigerian people. The dialogue must be taken serious by all Nigerians; and we must all contribute positively towards its positive outcome. “This is because we must not allow possible enemies of Nigeria, to use some of us to attempt to dismember the Nigerian-state; or even give some irresponsible Nigerians the space to preach disunity. “Nigeria as a country used to be the greatest ‘black hope’; it should continue to be so. Indeed we should all be determined to make Nigeria the shining star of the black race,” he added. Peoples Daily reports that apart from Egbira descendants in Kogi, there are also Ebiras in Nasarawa and Edo states respectively, as well as in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT).

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enate President David Mark has assured that the Senate would expedite action on the bills for the establishment of the FCT Board of Internal Revenue and the FCT Property Tax. Mark said this in Abuja during the launching of 180 brand new Chevrolet vehicles for the second batch of the FCT Administration’s Subsidy Re-Investment Programme (SURE-P) Taxi Scheme. The Senate President was represented at the occasion by the Senate Deputy Leader and Chairman of Senate Committee on SURE-P, Sen. Abdul Ningi. Mark said it became imperative to expedite action on the bills to enable FCT leverage its revenue base. He commended the FCT Administration for fulfilling its pledge to alleviate the pains associated with the ban on rickety buses from the roads of the Federal Capital City. ``I commend you for listening to the citizenry. The foundation of every successful democracy is dialogue and giving ear to the voice of the people,’’ he said. Earlier, the FCT Minister, Sen. Bala Mohammed, said that the launching of 180 taxis was the second phase of the scheme in line with the Transformation Agenda of Mr President. Mohammed said this was in fulfillment of the pledge made to the people; adding that FCTA had succeeded in injecting 340 taxi cabs into the system. He said that the ban on mini buses in the city centres had necessitated the need to sanitise the public transportation system in line with the global best practice. ``We have recorded significant reduction in crimes, roads accidents, pollution and other socioeconomic consequences that hindered the development of the city.’’ However, he emphasised that the FCT Transportation sector had received significant investments

under the SURE-P intervention programme. ``My Administration has so far released N1 billion to the Abuja Urban Mass Transport Company Limited (AUMTCO) for the rehabilitation of its buses as well as the purchase of new ones.’’ He said that the sum of N1 billion was also released to AUMTCO for the floating of the FCT SURE-P Taxi Scheme, in addition to the injection of 300 high capacity buses in 2012. The minister said that the administration had reached advanced stage of negotiation with some banks to fund additional 500 to 700 taxis to flood all the nooks and crannies of the territory. Mohammed commended Abuja Investment Company (AIC) for effectively playing its role in anchoring private sector participation in the transformation of the FCT. Also, Mr Musa Musa, the Group Managing Director of AIC said that the implementation of the FCT SURE-P Taxi Scheme by the FCT Administration commenced in 2013 with the release of N500

Senate President David Mark

million. According to him, each of the vehicles was given out to the beneficiaries based on a three-year lease period with a 10 per cent subsidy on the total cost of the vehicle. It would be recalled that the FCT administration had in June 2013 released 160 taxis as the first batch of the project with each costing N2.669 million, including painting. The FCTA supported the scheme with five per cent contribution, amounting to N120, 000 on each taxi under the FCT SURE-P scheme. On the mode of repayment, the beneficiary would pay N63, 000 monthly over a three year period. At the occasion, the Minister of Culture and Tourism, Mr Edem Duke congratulated the FCT Minister of the initiative, adding that the taxis came at the critical time of the centenary celebration. ``I want to advise the beneficiaries to dress well, address their customers politely and produce complimentary cards for their customers,’’ he said. (NAN)


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Crime Cycle

Stanley Onyekwere pmlcrimecycle@gmail.com 08138559513

Teenager in soup over theft of wine, herbal medicine A 19-year old boy, Nathaniel Adedeji, who allegedly stole some cartons of wine and herbal medicine (Alomo Bitters) worth N110, 000, has appeared before an Ojo Magistrates’ court, Lagos, reports News Agency of Nigeria (NAN). Adedeji, a salesclerk, whose address is unknown, is facing a two-count charge of conspiracy and theft. The prosecutor, ASP Godwin Eze, had told the court that the accused committed the offences on February 16 at Suite 22, Melcon Company, Trade Fair Complex, Ojo, Lagos. He alleged that Adedeji stole 25 cartons of Alomo

Bitters and one carton of red wine, property of U.J International Ltd. “The accused was, however, arrested by the police following a tipoff,” he said. Eze said the offences contravened Sections 285 and 409 of the Criminal Law of Lagos State, 2011 respectively. Adedeji, however, pleaded not guilty to the charge. The accused may be sentenced to three years imprisonment on conviction. The Magistrate, Mr. Taslimi Shomade, granted the accused bail in the sum of N100, 000 with two sureties in like sum. The case was adjourned to March 14 for hearing proper.

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Inspector General of Police Mohammed Abubakar

...As another faces charge of 2 motorcycles theft

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teenager, Ayodele Obadaye, who allegedly stole two motorcycles valued at N145, 000, was on Thursday charged before an Ikorodu Senior Magistrates’ Court in Lagos state. The accused, 18, who resides

at Liberation Sawmill, Baptist Street on Sagamu Road, Ikorodu, is facing a charge of stealing. Cpl. Mary Ajiteru, the prosecutor, told the court that the accused committed the offence on November 30, 2013. Ajiteru, who gave the regis-

tration nos. of the motorcycles as EKY 259 QB and QX 284 EKY, said the motorcycles belonged Mr. Eric Adekungbe and Mr. John Amileke respectively. The offence, she noted, contravened Section 285 of the Criminal Law of Lagos State, 2011.

The accused, however, pleaded not guilty. In his ruling, the Senior Magistrate, Mr. W.B. Balogun, granted him bail in the sum of N100, 000 with two sureties in like sum and adjourned the case to March 11. (NAN)

3 arraigned for possession of firearms

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hree men, Obiechine Onyeonwu, 35, Sunday Okwasem, 34 and Goddey Obiaku, 43, were remanded in prison by a Wuse Zone 2 Senior Magistrates’ court, in Abuja for alleged possession of firearms. Onyeonwu, Okwasem and Obiaku, were also accused of kidnapping one Francis Obi. Counsel to the accused, Mr Nnemeka Ikechukwu, applied for their bail. The Senior Magistrate, Usman Shuaibu, remanded the accused until March 19 and also ordered their lawyer to formerly file their application for bail. The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that the Prosecutor, Mr. Stanley Nwodo, had told the court that the case was reported to the Force Criminal Investigation Department (FCID), Area 10, Garki, Abuja, on September 4, 2013. Nwodo said that the accused held up the policemen on duty at gun point and kidnapped the victim who ran to the station for protection. He told the court that the accused were found with one

Man charged over threat to life

AK-47 riffle. The prosecutor said the offence contravened sections 97 and 273 of the Penal Code and Section 27(1) A, B, C of the firearms Act, CAP F28 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria, 2004. Nwodo prayed the court to remand the accused to enable the police carryout more investigations on them. Meanwhile, the accused had denied the allegations. Police arraign mother, son for beating, damaging tenant’s property Police have arraigned a 69year old mother and her son, who allegedly beat up their tenant and damaged his property, at an Abule Egba Magistrates’ court, Lagos. The accused, Mary Keshinro and her son, David, 29, who both live at No. 7, Salako Adejare St., Araromi, Iyana Ipaja, Lagos, are facing a three-count charge of conspiracy, assault and damages. The prosecutor, Insp. Rachel Williams, told the court that the offence was committed on February 15 at their residence.

According to the prosecution, the first accused, Mary, who is a landlady to one Mr Emmanuel Udofa, went to his apartment to ask for his electricity and waste disposal receipts. “In the process, there was a hot argument between them, and the landlady’s son, who is a Customs’ agent, came in and started beating up the complainant. “When the son was beating up the complainant, the mother was busy throwing his property outside and in the process his electronic appliances got damaged,” she said. Williams said that the value of the property that got damaged was N165, 000. The offence, according to the prosecutor, violated sections 170, 348 and 409 of the Criminal Laws of Lagos State, 2011. The duo, however, pleaded not guilty to the charges. The Magistrate, Mr. Tajudeen Elias, granted the accused bail in the sum of N100, 000 each, with two sureties in like sum. He adjourned the case to March 19 for hearing proper.

he Police have arraigned a 21-year old man, Kabiru Obasa, charged with breach of the peace by threatening to kill. Obasa, of no fixed address, is standing trial on a one-count charge of causing threat to life before an Ota Magistrates’ court, in Ogun State. The prosecutor, Insp Peter Molokwu, told the court that the accused committed the offence on February7 at about 8:00 a.m. at the Ifo main Market, Ota. Molokwu said that the accused caused a breach of the peace by threatening to kill one Adeniji Opeyemi by word of mouth. He said that the offence contravened Sections 86 and 249 of the Criminal code, Revised Law of Ogun, 2006. The accused, however, pleaded not guilty to the charge. The Magistrate, Mrs. Titi Bello, granted the accused bail in the sum of N100, 000 with one surety in like sum. She ordered that the surety must be resident within the court’s jurisdiction and the address should be verified by the police. Bello said that the surety should show evidence of gainful employment and one year tax payment to the Ogun government. The magistrate adjourned the case till March 12, for continuation of hearing.

CJN Mariam Aloma Mukhtar


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

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Politics

Why state Assemblies want autonomy, by Bauchi Speaker, Miya Honourable Yayaha Mohammed Miya, the Speaker of the Bauchi State House of Assembly in this interview with some journalists spoke on the bills passed by 7thAssembly, his leadership style, achievements of the House under his leadership. Our correspondents Ahmed Kaigama, was there. Excerpts

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hat are the achievements of the 7th Assembly in Bauchi State under your leadership? I need not to blow our trumpet on this, but it is necessary in responding to the question that we have recorded quite some successes, just one or two will suffice. There are a lot of things we have achieved in this 7th Assembly. Right from the day that we came in that was by June 2011 up to this moment there was never a time that we had any misunderstanding between the Executive or the Judiciary. That means that there is a very good working relationship between the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary and this gives us that is the state a very level playing ground where we have made so much developments. That is one. Two, among us the members of the Bauchi State House of Assembly, there wasn’t any a time within this three years where we had problem within ourselves most especially with the members and the leadership. Only recently, (February 12) the members of the Bauchi State House of Assembly passed a vote of confidence on the leadership of the Bauchi State House of Assembly and that is another achievement. That shows that there is a very good working relationship and there is a very good understanding between all members of the Bauchi State House of Assembly. Apart from that, the Bauchi State Assembly from the time that we came in up to this moment we have passed a number of laws amounting to about 43. Out of the 43 about 19 to 20 are member sponsored bills. This is the very first time whereby members of the Bauchi State House of Assembly have submitted a private or member bill whereby it went through the due process and eventually was signed into law. So that is a very good development for us. So these are some of the successes that I can tell you that we have recorded. There are allegations

that this Assembly is a rubber stamp to the Executive and that it does whatever the Execute wants the members to do.? If you say we are rubber stamp to the executive I can say it is hearsay or rather an allegation and I don’t bother myself with allegation which can hardly be proved. People can say whatsoever they like but all I know is that Bauchi State House of Assembly is not a rubber stamp. We always try our very best to make sure that we do the right thing at the right time for the people. That is the reason why you can see that when the 2014 budget was submitted to us we tried our very best to make sure we went through it, scrutinized it, and we invited all the commissioners, all the heads of extra-ministerial agencies to come before to defend their submissions and at the end of the day out of the submissions we found out that there were so many ministries and agencies that did not deserve to be given the huge amount that they had been allocated. So, we adjusted and ensure that those deserving were appropriated allotted what they would need to provide service to the people. So I want to tell you that there is no way that people can say that we are rubber stamp. Apart from that let me ask you, is there anything that happens that show that Bauchi State House of Assembly is a rubber stamp? People allege that whatever government brought to the House you just pass it? Like what like what? One example is the 2014 budget that was passed by the legislature yesterday. You endorsed it without any alteration That means that you were not here or rather you were not opportune to go through the budget or rather you were not opportune to go through the submissions or the report that was submitted to the House on February 12. Even the Chairman of the Appropriation Committee told us categorically that there were so many adjustments in the 2014 budget. And I even stated it right now. There were so many adjustments, there were

many service and heads that we have removed their allocations and simply put the monies elsewhere, yes in projects and programmes that we know are useful to the people. The doctrine of separation power entails that the Legislature is independent. Does the Bauchi State House of Assembly actually have autonomy? Well I want to tell you that definitely that Bauchi State House of Assembly has autonomy like any other House of Assembly in the federation. But as of now you can see since last year we have been pursuing our independence through our conferences, though our association, that is the Conference of Speakers. e are looking for a way whereby all the state assemblies will have their autonomy whereby we will have our direct resources coming from the Federation Account. That is the only way that the State Assemblies can be independent. Apart from that there is no assembly that can tell you that it is independent. That we are trying our best to make sure that we do the needful with our meager resources that we are getting from the government, we try out very best to be independent. We don’t want to be beggars. A situation whereby you are not independent there must be a way you have to either find your way of getting one thing or the other at certain time to satisfy your members. So what state are you people now in respect of this fight for autonomy? We have already submitted

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Honourable Yayaha Mohammed Miya our request. We are only waiting for the National Assembly to pass it and bring it back to us for the endorsement that is to get the two third of the assemblies of the federation. We have already handled that and they have already signed. We have already made our submission and they have agreed on that. They are even at the stage of reconciling between the Reps and the Senate. Is the House comfortable about the gross inadequacies in revenue generation in the state? The Appropriation Committee has stated it clearly that there is a problem of low revenue income in the state and we have called on the Executive to make sure that they are geared up and ensure that more ways of generating revenue for the state is are created. The focus should be on the internally generated revenue for the state so that we can get more money and then commit same into the development of our state. Already the committee on appropriation has met and soon we will come up with a

The focus should be on the internally generated revenue for the state so that we can get more money and then commit same into the development of our state. Already the committee on appropriation has met and soon we will come up with a master plan whereby we will tell the executive on how we can improve the revenue generation of the state.

master plan whereby we will tell the executive on how we can improve the revenue generation of the state Bauchi State has industries but if you go round you will discover that the people are poor and we are talking about revenue generation. What magic is the House going to perform with the executive? Wait and see. By the special grace of God before the end of April definitely sure you will see the magic we are going to do to ensure that we improve the revenue generation of the state. What will you attribute to the success recorded by the Bauchi Assembly? I always put my success first to God, whom I believe is in the world that bestows us with leadership qualities. He has been guiding us and we have been praying always for His guidance. The way and manner we have been managing ourselves has led to success. hen we came in in 2011, I told the press categorically the way I managed my local government twice when I was Ganjuwa Local Government Chairman, I would try my very best to see that I try to impact that knowledge or leadership qualities that I acquired then and ensure that I try to apply it in my leadership of the Bauchi Assembly. I have done just that and it has contributed immensely to success. Today, there is a very good understanding between myself and the members that perhaps is one of the reasons they passed a vote of confidence on the leadership and mostly why we have succeeded so far.

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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Why Ministry of Mines wants to control Ajaokuta – Sada Architect Mohammed Musa Sada was highly passionate about the need to breathe life into the Ajaokuta Steel Rolling Mill when he spoke before the Senate Committee on Mines, Power, Steel Development and Metallurgy. The minister later had a brief chat with journalists. Here are excerpts.

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jaokuta steel has been a constant discussion yearly, yet it remains locked, so what are we looking at? Ajaokuta will not go down in ruin because consistent efforts are being made to revive and reinvigorate the project to make it come alive. Of course, it has so many lines, it has rolling mill, billet lines, power plant, and so many by-products. We have reached that level, some think Ajaokuta is like a single line production. No, it is not a single line production. If you go there you will discover that it is not. You will discover that production is going on in certain production lines. However, what we are concern mostly about is to produce liquid steel, that’s what the government is very much concerned about. Otherwise the government wouldn’t have kept the large number of workers all these while simply to just to keep the place locked. No, the place is not locked. May be you should take the opportunity of going to see for yourself what activities are going on there. I have just made the presentation in which l spoke about the six Memoranda of Understanding that we have signed with different individuals and organizations. You will also discover that there are currently some 30 Ukrainian expatriates whom we have signed private MoUs with for them to run that places. Talking about the bill that will keep the Delta steel alive, could you just throw some light on the bill…? Cuts in …..the memo which we presented to the Federal Executive Council is actually to give the ministry the regulatory authority that it is legal for the ministry to go and inspect and redirect the operations at the company.

Architect Mohammed Musa Sada It is seeking a legal authority to strengthen, direct and to give to the ministry authority …certain powers, making it legal for the ministry to redirect the operation of the project just like we have in the mining sector which already has the Mining Act. But the steel sector in the same ministry does not have any legal framework to help it operate, that’s what we are talking about. Often, the issue that is often talked about in making a huge project like this to come on stream and function to expectation, is fund, fund and fund? We haven’t complained about fund. Sometimes the ideas that we have are better than the huge chunk of fund in one’s possession. If you get the funds but don’t have the

Unsenatorial Ayogu Eze becomes senatorial

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ot many took note of what had transpired between Senators Ayogu Eze and Olusola Adeyeye. But it seems more like push almost coming to shove. Well, acting on order 43, the Enugu state Senator did the needful. He said in part, “something which was un-senatorial occurred here yesterday. Even though we have embraced ourselves and l have apologized to him privately, I feel it is necessary to publicly apologize. l want it put on record that l have publicly apologized to Senator Adeyeye. “This apology is because what l did was most un-senatorial. I hold him in high esteem and l must say that what happened was in the heat of passion.”

Sen. Ayogu Eze

ideas you won’t be able to achieve anything which is why l said during the presentation that l went to Mr. president to ask let me change the management to a more dynamic one and we will be able to do certain things without budget and he gladly granted. And that’s what we are doing in the place at the moment. o, often the problem may not actually be funding but legal authority. You must have observed that whereas the Mining Sector has Mining Act but the steel sector which is the main production line and within the same ministry does not have any legal frame work to facilitate its operation. That’s what we are talking about. And that’s what we are asking for through the bill.

FROM THE GALLERY With Patrick Andrew owoidoho_ng35@yahoo.com

08136531513

Saraki tackles Makarfi over Kerosene subsidy palaver

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he dust is yet to settle over the scaring revelation that subsidy on kerosene is not appropriated for. Just what were you expecting? In Nigeria anything goes. If you aggregate the quantum of administrative misadventures as manifested at the ongoing budget defence you will feel profoundly sorry for this country. The thing is some ministries and agencies simply photocopy previous budgets add or minus some figures to give it semblance of freshness and present it to the senate. Certain projects are repeatedly everyyearandsomethesenatecommittee gets tired of and asked why. Anyway, back to the main issue, the argument that ensued between two former governors serving in the same committee: Senators Ahmed Makarfi and Bukola Saraki over the vexed matter of kerosene subsidy that has only benefitted marketers to the detriment of the greater number of the populace for whom it was purportedly meant to assist. Makarfi to NNPC… Are you going to make request for removal for kerosene subsidy? Bukola Saraki…. Chairman, l think you have asked them a difficult question, in all fairness. l think you should allow them to go back and make a presentation to us. We have made our points and l think they will responded appropriately as well. Makarfi…Rather than ask them a question let us make a request that they go and discuss and get back to us going forward on how to deal with this matter? This vexed matter almost got on the nerves of members of the committee who argued openly though

in mature manner. It seems obvious that some had sympathy for the NNPC, especially the minister Diezani Alison-Madueke while others tilted towards the argument of the CBN Governor, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi. Well, in between Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, the Minister of Finance struggled to garner some sympathy as she insisted that whatever revelations the CBN made emanated from her ministry’s initial outcry against suspicious figures from the NNPC. But hear Diezani’s point of argument Diezani…. Distinguish committee, let make a few points based on what l have been briefed on. First of all l was not in office in 2009neither was l the minister who felt that action should be stayed at that time. I simply gave you what l thought was would be reasoning based on what has happened since then. But l would hasten to add that when a presidential order is given either to remove subsidy or to impose etcetera it is not law until it has been gazetted. This is no gazette to that effect. At least we have not found one. Makarfi….The key issue here is appropriation for kerosene. We have all agreed here that no appropriation has been made for kerosene subsidy and l don’t want us to take this very lightly. The implication of spending money that is not appropriated is well known to everybody and the whole world is hearing this. So l don’t want us to play around or yoke with it. This is the most central issue and all agencies that have spoken have confirmed to the whole world that this money is not appropriated. I want people to absorb the import of this confirmation.

Sen. Bukola Saraki

Sen. Ahmad Makarfi

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He did not nominate himself

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ormer Attorney General and Minister of Justice, Bola Ige was murdered over a decade ago. But his death has become a source of trouble for many. In fact, it is used as bases to pull down high riding political figures. Recall that a then serving senator was incarcerated for his alleged culpability in the death of the former Kaduna Boy and erudite activist. At the screening exercise, a nominee was taken to task by a senator whose conscience impelled him to probe beneath the surface as he sought to compel the nominee to accept culpability in the sudden death of Ige. Well, we thought that had ended the episode. But it did not. It resurfaced when Prof. Olusola Adeyeye took the floor to rekindle the matter. The Senate President David Mark was reading confirmation of the nominees when midway, Senator Adeyeye raised a point of order, Order 14 on privileges. He stated in part that for five consecutive times senators from Osun had always been unanimous in their support for nominees from the state.

However, he argued, this sixth time they found reasons to strongly object to the nomination of Abduljelili Oyewole Adesiyan. He spoke with passion and conviction bringing his linguistic theatrics to bear in his reasoning amidst graveyard silence. He was coasting home with grace and elegance, obviously winning the sympathy of the majority until Mark’s dexterity came into play. Mark marked him off insisting that the senators had the floor during the screening exercise to ask questions and bring up whatever objections they had and that since they did not it was rather too late now to step down the nominee who, by major voice vote is now minister confirmed. “He did not nominate himself. He is not the only qualified person in Osun state” Mark said after which he put this question again…. Would the senate approve the confirmation of Abduljelili Oyewole Adesiyan as Minister of the government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria? The ayes had it though few nays rented the floor.


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

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Interview I accept APC’s ideology, says Dickson Bayelsa state governor, Hon. Henry Seriake-Dickson recently celebrated two years anniversary in office. In this interview with newsmen in Yenagoa, Dickson spoke about his efforts at enthrone transparency in governance with a view to restoring the glory of the state even as he unveiled his blueprints for the development of the state. Our Political Editor, Lawrence Olaoye, was there. Excerpts:

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ow has the journey been so far? It is has been an exciting, interesting and challenging journey so far and as I interact with my people, leaders and as I get feedback from the grassroots and particularly as I go round inspecting and commissioning projects and in treating with the common people as well as the elites. I get to hear their words of encouragement and candid views of commendation and I see smiles on the faces of people when I go round to commission projects that touch their lives, I am really encouraged and that has given me a feeling that our efforts to make a difference has been worth it. As the governor of the heartland of Ijaw nation, how do you feel? I am influenced and motivated by values that are lasting, principles that are enduring and I am compelled to pursue a vision that I think could outlive our generation. I think that is the purpose of leadership, but unfortunately in our own enclave and even generally, that kind of a person does not come because the political process throws up all kinds of characters at leaders. Democratic process does not guarantee that the best man emerges and that is the sad thing about a democratic political process and that is why society that are not democratic also make a lot of progress and even more. Go to China, a one party state, go to Saudi Arabia, and even Gadaffi. It is not easy to reconstruct without having a clear blueprint. How did you come about your blueprint? The truth is that I have been involved in the affairs of governance and in public management for some time. I served here as a commissioner, Attorney General and even before then, I have been involved over and over again in community service in the Ijaw movement which exposed me to the realities of underdevelopment. I became very passionate about the need for change. I believe that the federal government from independence till now neglected our people. That is why there is no road linking Brass till now. No federal road to Okpuruma till now or even to Ageh which is a natural seaport. But if the federal

government brought underdevelopment about it is not something we want to remain so. If we were forgotten by the federal authorities for this long, should we not do something about it by ourselves? Should we also forget ourselves? Now, these are the things that have propelled me, the pains of underdevelopment. What is your new dream for Bayelsa state? These are components of the new Bayelsa of our dream have already started. The airport project is on. We are building all kinds of schools. We are also building the school of agriculture, tourism, driving institute was commissioned not long ago and it is the best in this country. Our vision for Tourism Island is what we call the new Yenegoa city project. The golf and polo section are there already. The golf estate is going to have several buildings, the plots will be sold to anybody who is interested and particularly with the land certification thing that I have done for the state, I have freed up title, in the other words, I have freed up capital. I want to succeed in building a very resilient, self reliant economy by which from the internally generated revenue, the state can meet its financial recurrent obligations. Don't you think the issue of tax payment will work against especially this period of politics, don't you feel your opponents will want to use it against you? I am already dealing with that kind of situation but the good thing is that Bayelsans generally understand what I am doing. Free and compulsory education became a priority because

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Gov. Seriake Dickson there is no society that can develop without sound knowledge. No matter lowly placed a Bayelsa child is. The secondary level is even more revolutionary because if we get it at the primary and secondary level, then we have built a man or a woman. At the secondary level, we are constructing 25 new boarding secondary schools and I call them constituency schools. By September, this state will have its senior secondary compulsory boarding school completed. The state policy will be implemented and parents won't pay a dime. We are going to bring best teachers from all over the world to teach them and then when they register for WAEC, NECO and JAMB let us see if Bayelsa will not come first. Right now, no student pays for WAEC, NECO or JAMB, government pays, so that is where our education policy is. We are also building teachers training institute because all these will be in vain if we don't have teachers who will impact knowledge into these kids. The Canadians are going to run the institute; every teacher must pass through that school because I want the teachers to be tested and to know if they have the skills and knowledge. For the old people, the welfare

Democratic process does not guarantee that the best man emerges and that is the sad thing about a democratic political process and that is why society that are not democratic also make a lot of progress and even more. Go to China, a one party state, go to Saudi Arabia, and even Gadaffi.

system has been instituted by law. Once you are 75 and above, you have N5000 allowance and they are paid every month. Also, this state will be the first to have an organized economy, planned social welfare scheme, planned medical insurance cover. These have made crime rate to be low. And how does it feel to be the governor of a president? It is very exciting to be the governor of a president. Having a president office from your state to me is like having an umbrella. It is like having someone you can run to for advice, and who you can ask for support. I know that because of the kind of politics in the country, some people find it difficult in those kinds of situations because we have a situation where the president will know everybody in the state. So, everybody who deals with you also deals with the president. A lot of people could find that unsettling and I think that is part of the issue we had even though with time, you will know why my predecessor did some of the things he did. I enjoy having a president from my state and I wish to have more presidents from Bayelsa because it makes the burden of leadership easier and lighter and the president is like an umbrella and that gives me an additional responsibility and I think we are coping well and I am a very secure person. It appears some people are trying to distract your attention as regards 2015, is there any opposition? There has to be opposition, this is a democratic government and I am a democrat. I spent over six and half years in opposition, I was a leader of opposition in this state. I respect opposition and I expect a vibrant, formidable and focused opposition and also a constructive opposition. Opposition politicians are not

my enemies, i take them as friends, it is their responsibility to ensure that they ay by the rules and it is my own responsibility to ensure that the laws are respected and obeyed and particularly in this environment, once there is no criminality, we are all fine. I don't promote criminality and that is why this place is peaceful and if you do that in the guise of opposition politics, I will descend on such person and no regret for that. Opposition politics and including people who have ambition to be governors are welcomed, why not? Politicians are ambitious people. I contested against somebody and I expect people to also contest against me fairly. If I wanted to be a governor for example now, I will not criticize a Governor for tax because that is the right thing to do for the state, that is the kind of courageous and patriotic opposition that is needed. It was the view of experts I respected that is saving the economy of the state now. I listen to people, I am not dogmatic, if you convince me with superior reasons, I now and acknowledge it and identify my position on it immediately. I am not someone that is moved by sentiment and blackmail and the reason is because it is not right. I will support any opposition but I did not allow new PDP to be because it was illegal and they were bringing propaganda to overhaul all the legal order. APC is a registered political party, so it has the right to exist and it is my duty as the governor of the state to ensure that they are protected. I disagree with their ideology, I will defeat them, I will campaign for my party but they have a right to exist. Are you indebted to any bank with the kind of construction and reconstruction work going on in the states? You cannot run a government without once in awhile telling a bank that your FAC has not come, so they should borrow you something. Government is a very complex institution to run and even when money is there, you don't want to touch the money because is set aside for a purpose. We are not seriously indebted to any bank on account of what we are doing. Government is a very huge bureaucracy particularly when you are doing projects, you cannot rule out the possibility of saying I want this project done and it must be commissioned in two years. We are servicing debt of about N3billion every month. How did it come about? My predecessor owed banks and he said he took a bond and it was very controversial but after coming in and considering the long term image of the state as a solvent entity, I thought that I should not challenge it. We are servicing the debt regularly. He took bonds of about 60billion and the bond will expire in 2017. If I have that money available to me, what you people would have been seeing will be different but don't worry, government comes and goes and once we don't lose focus, things will be alright.


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Social Media Trends

Social Media Etiquette– Because It’s NICE!

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ocial media is one of those new phenomenons that has totally swept the world, and its wide open format has provided us with innovative ways to keep in touch with others, promote one’s business, share content, and connect with people. I first started on Facebook whenever I graduated high school to have a way to connect with my future roommate in college, back when you had to have a .edu email in order to even join the site. Then when the other main social media network twitter was created, I quickly jumped on board with that, too. And though an early adopter, I never quite imagined back then the explosion that has taken place as social media inserts itself into all facets of our lives. Once I launched Project Motherhood in January of 2012, I started to see social media from a business perspective and clearly as a business opportunity. When you are a blogger, there becomes a social commitment to social media that you never had before. It was then that I started to join and build my social following with Pinterest and Instagram, too. Each and every time a new social network is created, we as business people must learn it, use it, and build a new following on that platform as well. Lots of work, learning, and time is involved! Well, the same way that Emily Post wrote the rules for etiquette in days of pen and paper (“stationary”…remember that?), we need a set of modern day ground rules that apply to this new part of society, social networking. As someone who thinks about manners as an asset in our lives, I can see that there are certain ways to properly and politely use social media to engage with people, stay connected, and show off your personality and what’s going on in your life or your business, without being rude and inconsiderate of others. Social media etiquette for business use • Be responsive. The whole point of social media is to directly connect with our readers and/or customers. Respond to comments, emails, likes, EVERYTHING, and in a TIMELY MANNER. Furthermore, don’t just pick and choose who you respond

to (i.e. only responding to brands that you might potentially work with). Make sure that you are fully engaged with your audience

of the Earth. • Don’t show off. It can be difficult for bloggers sometimes who have the opportunity to work

different approach by showing your audience why you are there and why it’s important that they know about it. (That’s why we call

because at the end of the day, you can’t have a successful business without your audience. • When working with brands…Whenever you are working with a brand and putting together sponsored content for social media, make sure that you are: 1. Following guidelines and using the hanshtag #spon or #ad 2. Creating content that is useful and informative for your followers • Be accountable. Make sure that you follow through with everything that you say. Did you tell a follower in a comment that you would get back to them later that day with a link or specific info? DO IT! Don’t fall off the face

with cool brands or go to exciting events not to show off. But, try hard not to. No one wants to hear you brag about that event they weren’t invited to where the BIG celebrity showed up. Try a

it SHARING! It’s nice to share, right?) • Give and receive. Much like any other aspect of your life, you gotta give in order to get things in return. Want your BFF’s

Be accountable. Make sure that you follow through with everything that you say. Did you tell a follower in a comment that you would get back to them later that day with a link or specific info? DO IT!

business page to promote your recent giveaway or sale? Offer to promote something for them as well. • Give credit where credit is due. Sharing a post? Credit the source! Social media etiquette for personal use Do: Experience life and share the content that you think your friends and family would most like to see. Don’t: Overshare. This is annoying and inconsiderate. No one wants a constant update of every aspect of your life. Share only what is important or what you see as highlights. Do: Be professional. You NEVER know who is watching! Do: Be considerate when tagging friends in pictures they may not want to be tagged in. When in doubt, ask them first. Don’t: Constantly complain. NO ONE likes it in real life, and NO ONE likes it on the web! Do: Respect people’s privacy. Do: Give credit where credit is due when sharing content & images from any source. Everyone works hard to create that content, so always let the author know you appreciate it. Don’t: Over hashtag unless you know what they are being used for. Do some research on hashtags if you still think it’s just something funny from the Jimmy Fallon/Justin Timberlake video because businesses can use these for an actual purpose. Do: Keep in mind that EVERYTHING you do in your social accounts will follow you, wherever you go. So be mindful of the image you are projecting. What do you think? I put together these bullet points after speaking with friends, bloggers, and through personal experience. Since social media is clearly a work in progress, let’s try to set some standards NOW. Let’s make a commitment together, my lovelies, to bring our etiquette from real life to the digital world, and most importantly, keep it classy! Send us your thoughts and ideas, and tell us how you like to present yourself. Please Fashionably Yours, Allison (LinkedIn)


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

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Tourism

Experience nature’s healing power of Awhum Waterfall and Cave

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whum waterfall is situated at Amaugwe village of Awhum town in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu state. This beautiful Awhum waterfall is as a result of massive outcrop of granite rock with water cascading over the top forming a stream. A section of the waterfall is always warm through the season. Awhum waterfall is 30 metres high and is located close to Awhum Monastery. The water is said to be curative (have healing power) and capable of dispelling evil or satanic forces if and wherever sprinkled. It usually takes about 45 minutes walk from the parking spot to the Ohum Ohum is a valley town in Enugu State, South East of Nigeria. Humans have been known to inhabit the town for thousands of years. The town is bounded in the north by Okpatu, in the east by Nike, in the south by Ukana and in the west by Egede communities. Ohum has a population of about 25,000. Coordinates of Ohum Longitude: 7° 25' 0" East Latitude: 6° 32' 0" North Ohum (spelt officially as Awhum) is an historic town in Enugu State, Nigeria. The town is located about 24 kilometeres from Enugu (Coal City) the state capital. The town has a population of about 100,000 according to the 2006 Census. Ohum is a popular tourist and pilgrimage destination, attracting visitors with its waterfalls, caves beautiful streams and monastery, the first in Nigeria. History Awhum is believed to be the fourth child of Ojebe, who also have six other children including, Ebe, Abor, Ukana, Okpatu, Umulugbe and Umuoka. The town is bounded in the North by Okpatu, in the East by Nike, in the South by Ukana and in the West by Egede communities. The town is divided into eight villages: Isiogwu, Amani/Ama-abo, Ibite Uwaenu, Umuoka, Obeagu/ Amachara, Akparata/Amaudara, Amaofia-ni-Ibite. Ibite has two villages and Enu ohum has three villages, while the others are on their own. Governance The town is governed largely by the Igwe in council with his chiefs (from the eight villages) and there is the Central Union which is a kind of parliament that decides the general direction and developmental needs. An election is held to elect members into the union and into the Igwe’s stool when it becomes vacant. A constitution was drawn up on the various aspects of community life including election into various offices. The 'Igweship' is held for life.

Economy The major economy of the town was farming and hunting. There is a local market (Nkwo Market) that serves the community. The market is situated at Ukwu Akpu and seems to be in the centre of the town. The Nkwo and Orie are the major market days and the trading is usually done in the evening after sun down. Things have changed in recent years with the market trading daily all through the day. The town is known for producing high quality palmwine (wine from the palm tree). The establishment of the monastery changed all that. Tourism and pilgrimage to the monastery is now the major source of income for the community. The indigenes of the community living outside the community also remit monies home which is a significant amount each year. There is a hotel that serves some of the tourists that visits the town. Tourism and pilgrimage are now one of the major drivers of economic growth in the community. The waterfall, beautiful hills with erosion scarred valleys and the monastery bring tens of thousands of people each year to the community. Education The community is served by three primary schools and a secondary school. All the schools are government owned schools. Religion The main religion is Christianity. Practitioners of Traditional religion are also in the community. The Catholics and Anglicans have churches in the community. There is a monastery in the town run by the Cistercian Monks, which is now a major pilgrimage and prayer centre for Christians in Nigeria. Transportation The community is divided into three unequal parts by two major highways in an East-West way. . The first, Enugu – Nsukka highway was built in 1914 and the Enugu – Markurdi expressway in 1981 all in North – South direction. The major form of movement within the town is by commercial motorcycles. Tourism The town is in a valley and bounded on all sides by beautiful rolling hills covered in grass. There is a waterfall, about 30 meters in height and several caves lining the track to the waterfall. The track itself is actually a small stream with big rocks overhanging in some places along the track. The community also boast numerous pristine lakes, some of them with beautiful white sand beaches. The numerous streams and lakes are still maintained in their natural conditions. More than 50 different species of fish are found in the streams and lakes of the community and some of the lakes have never been fished on before. Cometonigeria.com

Tourists at the cave

The interiors

Spring water ascending from a hill into the cave


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014


e n i z a g a M

PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

d n e k e e W ment Entertaiinn

Fashiioon

ps Beauty Tiip

od Kannywo

d Hollywoo

PAGE 21

d Bollywoo

PINK IS A

WOMAN’S COLOUR:

FEMININE

&CLASSY

>>PG29

Biola Ige denies bleaching her skin >>PG37

No, No, I am not a papa to any unborn baby, says Davido >>PG37


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Your Body Image & U

The dangers in stress management neglect

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he word ‘STRESS’ is very common and people are quick to say it times and times over but believe me, they actually do not comprehend how serious and deadly stress can be if left unmanaged or controlled. Most people wake up after sleeping for hours at nights and yet, they experience regular headach or fatigue. Normally, when you sleep very well at night the following morning, you should feel fresh, alive and filled with lots of stamina to face the new day. Most headaches are not supposed to be treated with pain killers always. All you need is get a good afternoon nap or good night sleep and the ache goes. So you see a situtaion where people have regular headache for months even when popping all kinds of pain killers and yet they just sit and do nothing thinking that the headache is just an ordinary headache that has to be stopped with pills. In the area of regular fatigue, such people, like I said, sleep very well, and also eat well but still feel weak, lazy to do their work. Regular fatigue is one hell of a health problem that if you are always tired , I do not see how you can be productive in any aspect of your life. You will always look dull, inactive and at times feel irritating because you are not capable of doing things you want to do. The truth here is that when this particular common health problem as ‘simple’ as a headache and fatigue persist, it is time for you to go extra mile and find

out why this ache and too much tiredness can’t go away after intake of pills. I am concenterating on just these two signs of stress today because these are the most complaints I get from those who are suffering from stress but not aware they are under stress. This does not mean there are not other health problems that can be associated with such signs. This is why people need to go for regular health check to know what is causing what signs they are exepriencing. Talking about health checks, most doctors can diagonize stress but sometimes not really ready to enter into full stress mnagement Therapy. So if you have such a doctor, it means you still need a stress management expert who can take time out to plan a good stress management therapy for you and you can combine your doctor’s medications with it. Managing stress goes beyond taking drugs because there are lots of life issues you get involve with which create stress that the doctor’s medications cannot cure. Like i said about people popping all kinds of painkillers to stop early morning headache and getting no results. It will get to a stage if you continue taking those drugs, your body will react to them negetively creating another medical problem for you and the headche will still be there. I do not think anyone will like to be in this condition of having another health problem as a result of being on a steady medication to cure a particular health problem.

Stress management is still alien to most Nigerians yet majority die regularly from stress without people knowing that it was too much stress that killed such people. The man or woman that suffers from high blood pressure does not know that if he or she does not monitor or control his or her stress level, he/she could drop dead any minute without any sign of death. A country like Nigeria is filled with men and women passing under very serious stress but unaware of it.Those who know that stress is weighing down on them will complain of not having money to manage it but when it gets out of hand, money will appear but somehow at such stage, it is always very late to manage and the money will be wasted. Those who complain of not having money to undergo therapy are still the ones who will not go to FREE seminars where experts will educate them about stress. Dangers of negelcting stress can be a disaster. Imagine an executive who experiences the two signs I mentined above, how can he/she function at work? This executive gets to office and drinks tons and tons of black coffee thinking the caffiene will help to jumpstart his/her brain to work but it gets worse. It even gets to a stage most of them will lock themselves in their office just sleeping all day without achieving anything at the end of the day. How about the men whose sexual peformance has been crippled by stress? O fcourse the consistent fatigue and headache also weakens your sexual stamina and be-

fore you know it, your marriage starts having cracks. From having cracks, it breaks up totally. You now see a situation where a very top executive becomes a lame duck both at work and home and it never occurs to him that something is very wrong with his health. Even when someone tells him to go see a stress expert he will push it aside and say-‘ how can ordinary stress be the cause of all these? You see what I mean? ‘ordinary stress’. That is the way most Nigerians classify STRESS. That ordinary stress can make you totally useless or even terminate your life if you continue having this frame of mind. Come to think of it, managing

How about the men whose sexual peformance has been crippled by stress? O fcourse the consistent fatigue and headache also weakens your sexual stamina and before you know it, your marriage starts having cracks. From having cracks, it breaks up totally.

With Jacqui Iwu bwreforms@gmail.com 08184825606 (sms only) stress is not a complex thing but very, very exciting because the therapy will touch all aspects of your life. A stress management expert will take time to evaluate your entire health and body to know exactly what activities you are engaging in, foods and drinks you are consuming, environmental issues and in this process the expert will help you plan your life very well . There are people, their constant morning headache and fatigue are just caused by a nagging/irritating wife/husband. Suprise? Some the cause are just bad diet, etc. There are various causes but you will not identify them easily without the help of an expert. I always see the suprise looks on the faces of most delegates when I deliver papers on stress management or having private sessions with my individual clients, when they discovered that what has been depressing them are probably little life activities they neglect which inturn creates big/ huge health problems. Stop neglecting stress because it is not a health issue to be pushed aside. If you neglect it, it fights you back in a crude manner. Jacqui IWU is a Body Image Coach. A STRESS Management Expert, Conference speaker, Media Relations Personnel. BLOG: http// bluntjacqui.blogspot.com .FB: Facebook.com/beautifulwoman.column


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Womanhood

Hon. Ngunan Adingi: Bridging the gap between career and motherhood By Miriam Humbe

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he days turned into weeks, months and soon some three years swiftly rolled by. She waited patiently, determined to get her mandate back but only through legal means. For Hon. Mrs. Ngunan Adingi, the newly sworn in member of the Benue State House of Assembly, politics is not a ‘do or die’ affair. Hon. Adingi has been an all round success story ranging from her educational pursuits, business and now, politics. Before her debut into the murky political waters, the Bachelor of Theatre Arts graduate of the University of Jos deeply buried her head in business, an area in which she made quite a huge success of herself. Her decision to contest for a seat in the Benue State House of Assembly in the 2011 elections on the platform of the then Action Congress of Nigeria, A C N, was solely premised on her desire to give her people the much needed representation. Married to Mr. Samuel Adingi from Bu-

acts made her stand tall and solid in their the judgment of the Supreme hearts. Her decision to run for a seat in the Court on the 31 of JanuHouse of Assembly was solely in response ary, 2014 in favour to mounting pressures from the Buruku of Mrs Adingi while the former member people. It was therefore a joyous moment for the representing the Buruku people when the Supreme Court on constituency, Mr Friday January 31 ruled that a member of Adugu Gbileve ordered Benue State House of Assembly represent- was ing Buruku constituency on the platform of to vacate the the All Progressive congress (APC), Orhena seat. T h e Adugu Gbilive, should immediately vacate Speaker his seat as a member of the house. The Supreme Court also ordered the c o n g r a t u Speaker of the House to swear-in Mrs. Ngu- lated Mrs. nan Adingi, also of the APC, as the elected Adingi for her victory and candidate of the party. The court, in a unanimous judgment w e l c o m e d delivered by Justice Kumai Bayang Akaâ, her to the also directed that the Independent Na- House to tional Electoral Commission (INEC) issue contribute Mrs. Adingi with a certificate of return as to the legthe duly elected member of the Benue State islative proHouse of Assembly representing Buruku cess and good Constituency on the platform of the APC. It governance of the state and was indeed, ‘justice served’. The decision of the apex explained that court affirmed the judgment the judgment of the Makurdi division of directed the Inthe Court of Appeal delivered dependent National Commison March 16, 2012 that Mrs. Electoral Adingi was the duly elected sion, INEC to instantly candidate of the Action Con- issue Mrs. Adingi a cergress of Nigeria (ACN) now t i f i All Progressives Congress (APC) to contest the election into the House of Assembly of Benue State under Buruku Constituency. The Supreme Court held that the evidence on record also showed that Mrs. Adingi was one of the aspirants who took part in the primary election for Buruku Constituency and emerged the winner, but her name was not forwarded to INEC as the candidate to contest the April 2011, House of Assembly elecHon. Ngunan Adingi tion in Benue State. In compliance to the court order, Mrs. Adingi of the All Progressive cate of return as winner of state assembly Congress, APC on February 6, 2014 took election for Buruku. After taking the oath, Mrs. Adingi, who oath of allegiance to represent the people of Buruku state constituency at the Benue has joined the likes of Mrs. Hembadoon State House of Assembly. The people were Amena representing Katsina Ala constituency, as one of the four women legislaecstatic. The oath was administered on her by tors in the state in a chat with journalists, the speaker of the House, Mr Terhile Ayua thanked God for her victory saying ‘though at plenary. The action of the House, ac- my tenure is short, I will do my very best to cording to the speaker, was as a result of adequately represent the people of Buruku

Her decision to run for a seat in the House of Assembly was solely in response to mounting pressures from the Buruku people ruku local government of Benue State, it did not take a lot of cajoling and persuasions as other political office seekers do; to convince the people of Buruku constituency to entrust Mrs. Ngunan Adingi with their mandate. Long before she ever conceived the idea of stepping onto the political threshold, the Buruku people have variously been beneficiaries of her kind heartedness and largesse. On several occasions much without count, she had willingly catered for their needs ranging from clothing, household requirements and education of their children to mention a few. These benevolent

constituency and Benue state at large’. Some of her educational attainments include a WAEC certificate from the prestigious Bristow Secondary School, Gboko, Masters Degree in Media Arts at the University of Abuja and Certificate in Entrepreneurial Management at the Enterprise Development Centre of the Pan-Atlantic University in Lagos. Hon. Adingi is happily married with three lovely children.


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 28,- SUNDAY 29, DECEMBER, 2013

PAGE 24

World Kiddies

With Miriam

SIGHTS AND SOUNDS

H

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by the Emir. These keepers used to close the gates everyday from dusk to dawn, thus controlling the movement of people in and out of the town during these periods. Visitors or strangers were not allowed in unless with the express permission of the Emir. It was reported that one Emir ordered the gates to be left open permanently, confident that no enemy force would dare attack the town. The first town wall in Hadejia was believed to have been built during the pre-jihad period. Though the exact date of its construction cannot be determined due to lack of proper records, its perimeter is marked by certain well-known local pits: Mai kilabo in the west, Atafi in the south, and Dallah in the East. It was said to be one mile in circumference, and had four gates. The second wall was built by Sarki Sambo in the early years of the Jihad. It was wider than the previous wall, with its perimeter approximately put at 2 miles 170 yards. It had 5 gates. The present wall, which was the third, was also built during Sambo's reign. It was built at a time when Hadejia was at the centre of a bitter rivalry between Sokoto caliphate and Borno Empire. As such it was much stronger and wider than the previous walls.

Expansions and reinforcements were made to accommodate a growing population or to enhance security against attack by powerful enemies

ABCDE

HIS AND HERS CORNER

Hadejia town walls and gates

adejia town walls and Gates was a large town with five town gates and excellent walls about 30ft (9. 14m) high and 30ft (9. 14m) thick. Hadejia Town walls had a long history dating back to the prejihad period. The walls were built to provide security to the people, and to serve as fortification against external invasion. Though mostly in ruins now, with a great proportion having completely disappeared, the walls were intact up to the time of the colonial invasion in 1906. The construction of the walls was done by direct labour using local building materials. Over the years, the walls have been taken subjected to several phases of development. Expansions and reinforcements were made to accommodate a growing population or to enhance security against attack by powerful enemies. The walls were invariably complimented by gates whose history could be linked to that of the walls. The gates provided the only entry points into the town. They were made extremely strong, thus making it very difficult for an enemy force to break into the town through them. The gates were manned by gate-keepers or porters (sarakunan kofa) appointed

Humbe

DISNEY ANGLE

Scoobydoo

Tom and Jerry


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 28,- SUNDAY 29, DECEMBER, 2013

World Kiddies

PAGE 25

With Miriam

Humbe

ABCDE

MODEL OF THE WEEK

AFRICAN TALES

The busy bees and the lazy flies

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here were once two tribes of little people who lived near together. They were not at all alike, for one of the tribes looked for food and carried it away to put it up safely for winter, while the other played and sang and danced all day long. "Come and play with us," said the lazy people, but the busy workers answered, "No, come and work with us. The harvest season will soon be over and famine will be everywhere, and if we do not put up food now we shall have none for the days of need when the dry season is here." So the busy people brought honey from the flowers, but the lazy people kept on playing. They laughed together and whispered to one another, "See those busy workers! They will have food for two tribes, and they will give us some. Let us go and dance." While the harvest lasted, one tribe worked and the other played. When the dry season came, the busy workers were sorry for their friends and said, "Let us give them some of our honey." So the people who played had as much food as if they, too, had brought honey from the flowers.

Another dry season was coming, and the workers said, "If we should make our home near the lilies that give us honey, it would be easier to get our food." So the workers flew away, but the lazy people played and danced as they had done before while their friends were near, for they thought, "Oh, they will come back and bring us some honey." By and by the famine came, but the lazy people had nothing to eat, and the workers did not come with food. The Manito had said to them, "Dear little workers, you shall no longer walk from flower to flower. I will give you wings, and you shall be bees. Whenever men hear a gentle humming, they will say, 'Those are the busy bees, and their wings were given them because they were wise and good.'" To the other tribe the Manito said, "You shall be flies, and you, too, shall have wings; but while the workers fly from flower to flower and eat the yellow honey, you shall have for your food only what has been thrown away. When men hear your buzzing, they will say, 'It is good that the flies have wings, because we can drive them away from us the more quickly.'"

CREATIVITY Steps Get a piece of paper. Fold it sideways then draw a line with a marker, pen or pencil. Draw one screen twice. Make the keypad in the desired layout. Draw two speakers. Draw a picture on one of the screens you drew. It can be a text, the home screen or something else. Go out then flip it up to text or call! It's fun! Tips • Go to a playground, or for teenagers a pub. • Decorate with stickers or a picture.

• You can also modify a dummy set. • Glue an antenna if possible. • You can use kitchen foil to make the second screen instead of drawing it. Warnings • Scissors should be safety scissors or children should be careful when using them. • Permanent markers are dangerous. Do not ingest them. Things you'll need • Paper • Marker(optional) • Pencil • Pen(optional) • Scissors

Meenah Mnena Ahmed

ACTIVITIES Using the right colours, shade the image below. Describe the action and show your work to your teacher for correction. Cheers!


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

PAGE 26

Interview Boko Haram not attacking Jonathan but Nigeria—Phillips, NOSCEF boss Elder Olaiya Phillips is the chairman of the Northern States Christian Elders Forum (NOSCEF). In this interview with Edwin Olofu he speaks on the efforts of the forum to help in the face of the continuing threat of insurgency in the North. Excerpts:

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ince you assumed the chairmanship position of NOSCEF, you have been taking critical on events in the Northern part of the country. Why the choice of the North alone? If you observe closely, you will note that NOSCEF’s comments have always affirmed our belief in the Nigerian project. As a body, we seek to reflect the views and interests of Northern Christians but we do not believe those views are in anyway inconsistent with the interests of Nigeria as a whole. It is not a zero-sum game. If you were to situate the crisis in the North, would you say it is just religious, or political, or a combination of both? One must be not be weary of simple explanations for complex circumstances and the crisis in the North is full of complexities. I think the crisis in the North like Nigeria’s other challenges is the result of a coming together of religious, political, social, economic, ethnic and other challenges. Those challenges will inevitably have a particular face, depending on who the principal protagonists are. Some are quick to say, like popular Mike Ozekhome (SAN), that Nigerians never agreed to live as one entity. Do you share in his submis-

sion? 100 years ago at the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern Protectorates of Nigeria, there were no Nigerians to ask. A colonial power was in place and the idea of popular consultation was never considered. I am not as familiar with constitutional law as Mike Ozekhome SAN, but the history is well known and acknowledged. The fact that Nigerians were not consulted at that time does not in and of itself invalidate a century of evolution as a nation-state. It should not as a result be seen as reason not to work towards a more perfect union. All national aggregations continuously seek a more perfect union and Nigeria should be no different Despite the appointment of new service chiefs by the President, the killing orchestrated by members of the Boko Haram sect is on the rise. Why is this so? The appointment of new service chiefs is vitally important because we cannot afford a vacuum at the pinnacle of our armed forces. How Boko Haram is curtailed and eventually conquered however will be the result of well-articulated and executed policies that are faithfully pursued. As we have consistently asserted, we need tough security measures to fight the terrorism and protect both Christians and Mos-

Elder Olaiya Phillips lems, but also political steps to engage the militants in dialogue and persuade them to end the violence. We expect more from the military, and the President has also made that clear. It’s time to see delivery. We are not convinced that robust security measures have been rendered in so consistent a manner as to assure the terrorists that they cannot change our society by violence. They must come to realize that the state alone has the right and a monopoly of the organized application of force; that message must be delivered in an unerring and systematic manner. Between January 1, 2014,

and now, many lives have been lost to Islamic fundamentalism. Some foremost Muslim clerics and traditional leaders have been said to be keeping quiet. Don't you believe that there is a subtle approval by these Islamic traditional rulers? No, I do not. The cowardice of some should not be mistaken for the view of the majority, but I obviously do not know why the Islamic traditional rulers you refer to have chosen to keep their own counsel. What I do know is that those that ride on the back of a tiger normally end up in its stomach. Islamic leaders must see their role as that of the voice of reason and reasonableness in the midst of the fervour of religious extremities. With the proposed national conference, do you see any ray of hope in solving the crisis there? The proposed national conference is an important opportunity to raise the issues that are most important to Northern Christians and advocate for their rights to be protected. Whether or not that opportunity metamorphosises into real change (including positive change in the North) is only partly in the hands of ordinary Nigerians. It is the country’s leaders who have to show real determination now. I have no doubt that most of the

issues that need to be aired will be aired. Whether we will be able to secure consensus or a 75% majority view on most of these issues is a moot point. I have my reservations. We are tilting towards the general election in 2015 and the accusations and counter accusations are pointing towards more violence before and after the election. What is your take? The 2015 general election is likely to be contentious. The bipolarity introduced into the polity by the merger of some of the stronger opposition elements into the All Progressives Congress will serve to magnify the adversarial nature of politics. Some people have argued that the re-election bid of President Jonathan in 2015 would further worsen the crisis in the North. What is your take on this? I do not agree that the President’s possible re-election bid will worsen the crisis in the North; or, let me put that differently. The terrorists will find reason to pursue their ignominious activities regardless of whoever is in Aso Rock. When President Jonathan appointed a new National Security Adviser, many felt and said that because the new NSA was a northerner, the ferocity of the attacks would abate; nothing was further from the truth. The attacks continued to be feral. Boko Haram is not attacking President Jonathan, it is attacking the idea of Nigeria and we in NOSCEF are firm in our resolve to oppose and overcome it.

Overaged ministerial nominees should give way – Abdu Alhaji Maigida Musa Abdu is the Unity Forum Chairman. In this interview, he comments on avoiding averaged ministerial nominees, the tension in the polity and what his forum stands for among others: Excepts:

R

eshuffling cabinet at this time of the year, in particular when Nigerians are grappling with national issues like National Conference, preparation for 2015 elections, may not be necessary. Do you share this view? The Ministers were appointed by Mr. President; accordingly, no matter the time, the day or hour, he can drop, reappoint and reshuffle the cabinet. Mr. President is in position to assess his Cabinet’s performance. But surprisingly, some of the new Cabinet Ministers look very elderly, I will think that at 70 years and above, such people should retire from tedious duties of a Cabinet Minister; and in fact in many developed countries, such elders are kept out. Why not so in Nigeria? I share your view that at 70 years and above, such people give themselves some rest of mind. But all the same, those at 70 years and above who feel strong to serve should not be denied their rights to do so. But my view is that at 70 years, diminishing

return could set in at their working post. There is so much noise on the ongoing registration of membership of APC. What advantage do you think APC will derive from the registration? I will not know what gains APC gets. But in my view, the Registration will enable the party know the number of Nigerians who have embraced the party; also for proper primary elections, the Party will be able to identify the real members of the party who will elect them for party offices. In short, impostors will not be privileged to take over the party machinery. You belong to an NGO of prominent Nigerians, the Unity Forum. Many NGOs have already taken sides with some political parties, to either campaign for their support or join them to win the 2015 Election. Which of the political parties has Unity Forum joined or is supporting? Like you said, the Unity forum

is one of the well established NGOs; mark you, the NGO is seven years old. I am sure that you have not heard that we are appendage to any political party or to any Ex-this; ex-that. We will never be but we will say what we see on the performance of political parties and on individual office holders. And from what you know about us, we have stood against this government on their policies which we do not accept and praised them where they are right. Then, it means that your forum has given support to the present government of PDP? Get me right, the Unity Forum is not for PDP, APC or Labour Party. But we will get to a point to define our position as we move closer to 2015 Elections. The menace of Boko Haram is biting hard. It looks as if the terrorists are gaining ground every day. Is this not a major cause of political instability in the Land? It is said that the Boko Haram continue to ferociously attack innocent citizens in that part of the country. But from what we hear from Federal Authorities, we shall overcome them. But let me add that we also need prayers to get over the problem. But do you think that 2015 elections can take place in the affected part of the country if

Alhaji Maigida Musa Abdu the terrorists continue with their terrorism unchecked? If you are outside the area, the picture looks bad and frightening so much that one will doubt the possibility of election being held in that area in 2015. I think that the true picture of the area is best determined by INEC. But let us hope that the crisis will end soonest Still on politics, such names as that of the current President Dr. Jonatham, Alhaji Muhammadu Buhari, Kwankwaso, Tinubu, Fashola, Amaechi, Tambuwal etc are being mentioned as possible presidential candidates of their parties. Don’t your Forum find any of these personalities good for the

job? You have not mentioned Sam Nda – Isaiah? He is one of the candidates; at least he has come out to announce to the public that he is in the race. All the same, to answer your question – Unity Forum does not hate peoples’ Names or faces. We believe that political party manifestoes should guide us in picking candidates. As I said before, we have not come to the stage of picking a political party or its candidates. We should be in position to do so may be in the last quarter of this year. You wait and see. Finally, the National Conference is soon to start sitting to deliberate in particular the structure of Nigeria and many other issues. How many of your members are going to the Conference and what in your view should occupy the Conference? The criteria for choosing delegates have been laid down by the Presidency. Whether or not we are personally present at the conference, our first and foremost stand is that the Unity of Nigeria is not negotiable. Thereafter, we must agree on the real and proper revenue allocation if we are to continue as a Federating Unit; and to have a viable democracy, our electoral system must be thoroughly examined and spelled out for the good of the country.


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

PAGE 27

News Extra

Most bizarre tattoos? Ethiopian and Sudanese tribes show off their intricate raised patterns created using THORNS • Tribes who scarify include Ethiopia’s Bodi and Surma tribes, South Sudan’s Nuer and Uganda’s Karamojong • Surma girls choose to go through the process voluntarily and must not show pain during the 10-minute ritual • Gaar scars are a sign of maturity for Nuer men but fewer are doing it thanks to inter-tribal conflict By Ruth Styles

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rom delicate swirls of raised flesh to intricate dotted patterns, the scars that decorate the bodies of Ethiopia’s Bodi, Mursi and Surma tribes are more than just the sign of an old injury. For these aren’t just any scars: They’re an elaborate part of local culture and signify everything from beauty to adulthood or even, in some cases, are simply a mark of belonging. But Ethiopian tribes aren’t the only ones to embrace scarification. In Uganda, the Karamojong are famous for their elaborate scar patterns, while across Ethiopia’s border with Sudan, Nuer men bear scarred foreheads and consider getting them a key part of the transition from boy to man. Now the stunning scar markings of Ethiopia and Sudan are the subject of an incredible set of photographs by French snapper, Eric Lafforgue, who travelled through the country observing cutting ceremonies and meeting the locals. During a visit to the Surma tribe, who live in the country’s remote Omo Valley, he witnessed a scarification ceremony, which involved creating the patterns using thorns and a razor. ‘The12-year-old girl who was being cut didn’t say a word during the 10-minute ceremony and refused to show any pain,’ he revealed. ‘Her mother used a thorn to pull the skin out and a razor blade to cut the skin. ‘At the end, I asked her whether having her skin cut had been tough and she replied that she was close to collapse. It was incredible as she didn’t show any sign of pain on her face during the ceremony as that would have been seen as shameful for the family.’ What’s more, he explained,

despite the pain, the girl herself initiated the ceremony as Surma girls aren’t obliged to take part. ‘Scars are a sign of beauty within the tribe,’ he added. ‘Children who go to school or convert to Christianity don’t do it but the others see the ability to cope with pain as a sign that they will be able to cope with childbirth in future.’ Other tribes who live in the Omo Valley, among them the Bodi, also embrace scarification and often use sap or ash to make the resulting wounds more prominent when they heal. But it seems that not everyone is impressed. ‘People wearing scarifications are seen as “primitives” by many urban Ethiopians and suffer from this,’ Lafforgue explains. ‘Those who have had them but have been to school as well often try to hide them.’ Others, such as the Mursi tribe,

consider scars a sign of beauty and strength, although as Lafforgue relates, thanks to an influx of workers from other parts of Ethiopia, scarification is becoming an increasingly risky business. ‘Using shared blades is a huge problem in the south Omo region,’ explains Lafforgue. ‘Hepatitis is starting to become a problem as workers from other parts of Ethiopia arrive to work on the new giant [government-sponsored] plantations. AIDS is also becoming a threat.’ Despite the risks, scarification continues to play a huge role in tribal life, not least across the border in South Sudan where scars are a distinctive feature of life for the Nuer people. South Sudan’s second largest ethnic group after the Dinka, the majority of adult Nuer men have ‘gaar’ markings - six lines carved on either

Delicate: The dotted patterns that encircle the eyes of Toposa men and women are just as beautiful as their elaborate body markings

Markings: A Mursi man shows off the scar patterns on his chest. Mursi people regard scars as a sign of beauty and strength

Elaborate: The markings adopted by the Toposa tribe of South Sudan are among the most intricate and involve serried rows of dotted lines

The delicate swirls of raised flesh or patterned scrolls are of huge cultural importance to tribes such as the Bodi and the Nuer. Others to embrace scarification include the Mursi and the Surma.

side of their foreheads - as a sign of maturity. Other Nuer, particularly the Bul Nuer of the Nile Valley, create a dotted version of gaar and women sometimes have them too. The neighbouring Toposa tribe, which lives in both Ethiopia and South Sudan has also embraced scarification but combine facial dot patterns with elaborate body etchings as well. Although the Toposa etchings remain popular with younger generations, the Nuer’s gaar markings

are becoming increasingly rare as conflict between them and other South Sudanese tribes becomes more frequent. ‘This tradition isn’t done as much anymore,’ explains Lafforgue. ‘Partly, it’s because of better education and the increasing number of people who have turned to Christianity but also because it is a too visible sign of tribal belonging in an area that has suffered many disputes.’ (DailyMail.co.uk)

Tradition: Other tribes to embrace scarification include the Afar peo- Popular: Facial tattoos are particularly common ple, who live in Northern Ethiopia among the Afar, especially for women, and can and are famous for using butter in include both dot and line patterns their hair


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TIPS

PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

COMP OMPILED MPILED BY ANDREW PATRICK

Yoruba version on salad

Abacha salad

African-spiced cauliflower and carrot salad

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alad is one of our stable dishes. And there are in varieties. However, when we talk about salad chances are that one may be thinking about a plate full of lettuce and tomato which one may quickly developed inappetence for but if you use a little ingenuity it may sooner become your favourite dish than later. Not necessary. Salad comes in shape and mixtures, depending on what part of Africa or even Nigeria that one hails from. Take for instance Abacha and Ugba. Abacha is prepared with cassava. The cassava tubers are cooked till done then sliced with a special cutter. The sliced cassava is then soaked in cold water overnight, washed thoroughly and dried under the sun. Your African Salad will not be complete without Ugba. Ugba, also known as Ukpaka, is made from oil bean seeds. These seeds are cooked for several hours then sliced, washed and fermented for a few days Benefits of eating salad everyday A salad is a mix of foods that include vegetables and fruits, this makes the dish salad low in calories, rich in nutrients and you can go on endlessly. These qualities make the salad a plate full of benefits: 1. Hydration. Vegetables are mostly composed of water (in thousands, more than 90 % ) but nothing replaces the water, salads are also a way to hydrate and feel cool in hot weather. 2. Enliven. Vitamins have multiple functions that regulate the functioning of the body, vegetables are considered food source of vitamins. 3. They clean our body. Through urine eliminate waste from the body. The high content of water and potassium, the low sodium intake of vegetables that make a salad, as well as the presence of essential oils that dilate renal vessels give the salad cleansing properties, detoxifying and diuretic. Ie helps elimi-

nate fluids and urine in it our waste. This property is especially good for improving blood pressure, fluid retention, kidney stones, high uric acid etc.. Plant more diuretics include celery, fresh asparagus, endive, onion 4. Our skin care. Beta-carotene, a form of vitamin A are present in vegetables red, yellow and orange. Vitamin A renews the skin and mucous membranes. Vitamin C, which is found in many vegetables such as tomatoes and peppers forming collagen, keeps the skin smooth and unwrinkled. Also vitamin E and unsaturated oils in nuts and olive oil dressing help keep our skin smooth. 5. Prevent constipation. ‘s Rich in fiber from vegetables, a salad is a laxative, so prevent or improve constipation. In addition, fiber helps reduce blood cholesterol and good glycemic control ( blood sugar levels ), beneficial in case of high cholesterol and diabetes. 6. Low calorie. Very suitable for all people, especially to those you follow a diet, we never abuse the dressings. Also, start the meal with a salad, and reduces appetite sated, we are interested in these circumstances. 7. Caring heart. The plant, as a source of vitamins and minerals, has a powerful antioxidant that blocks the action of causing various diseases such as heart free radicals. 8. Promote digestion. In some senses some vegetables such as bitter watercress, arugula, endive, radish etc. This work stimulates liver and gallbladder. Furthermore sprouts are a super load of nutrients and substances called enzymes involved in digestion. Consume salads is required and best of all, there are a thousand ways to prepare them and make them not only a starter, but also a main dish low in calories, if you include one food from each group. Yes dressings should be very light to not spend calories.

Ugba, common in South East Nigeria

Salad gives you an attractive look such as this


COMPILED BY MIRIAM HUMBE

Fashion

PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

PAGE 29

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ight from cradle, it is possible sible to tell iff the new born is a girl by merely seeing the color of the baby's blanket. Its common knowledge that pink iss for girls and blue is for boys. It however appears pears to be a cultural phenomenon. Pink is woman’s color, it is feminine and classy. It is both oth a day and night color and comes in both bright right and cool shades. Beautiful Ameena personifi ersonifies the feminine slate as she steps out ut stylishly in lovely shades of pink dresses with matching g accessories to grace her beautifull curves.

Ameena

Gele

Coral beads


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Pots & Pans

PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Crunchy Kuli-kuli (groundnut snacks)

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ngredients: 500g peanuts to be roasted and salt to taste

Groundnuts are the main raw materials for this delicious snack

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uli-kuli (Groundnut Cakes) is a traditional Nigerian snack of fried crunchy peanut rounds. This exciting delicacy is mostly prepared in the states of Northern Nigeria and enjoyed far beyond. Kuli-kuli can be eaten as a sole and separate snack or in combination with some variety of foods like soaked garri, boiled cassava or moringa, (zogale) leaves. In this edition, Kuli-kuli is served with lettuce for your weekend delight. Savour…

PREPARATION:

Lettuce sallad

Steamed lettuce is served powdery kuli-kuli

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ound the peanuts in a pestle and mortar or grind to a smooth paste. Add a little salt then collect into a ball and squeeze to remove any excess oil. Do this by continuously adding a little water if necessary.

Powdery kuli-kuli

Shape the pulp into rounds then heat the oil extracted from the peanuts until hot and fry the shaped balls in this until brown. Drain and serve cold as a snack or crushed into powder form on a salad.

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ngredients • 1 head of lettuce • 1/2 cup chopped onion • 1/2 cup chopped celery • 1 gram green peas • Next morning • 2 large tomatoes sliced on top • 4 hard boiled eggs sliced on top • 6 slices of bacon crisp or bacon bits • grated cheese on top


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Relationship

Give your relationship that spice and live again By Patrick Andrew

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very relationship has potentials for conflict because no one is perfect as to have a perfect relationship. However, a strong, healthy relationship can be achieved provided the individuals involved are determined to bury their differences and blend into one. That though does not mean a totally trouble-free relationship, after all trouble itself in a relationship adds spice to the union and brings out the best from the couple. Besides, it tests the depth and seriousness of the relationship and allows the parties to take a critical look at the union. One dares to say that relationship that arose from the wear and tear of friendliness and resolved conflicts do emerge stronger, is founded on mutual trust because both persons have, doing the time of stress in the union, learnt to appreciate each other better as to want to sustain the relationship. Relationship is therefore one of the best supports in your life. Good relationships improve all aspects of your life, strengthening your health, your mind, and your connections with others. However, if the relationship isn’t working, it can also be a tremendous drain. Relationships are an investment. The more you put in, the more you can get back. These tips can help keep a healthy relationship strong, or repair trust and love in a relationship on the rocks. We shall consider a few things to look out for if your relationship must remain fresh and enduring. Of course, every relationship needs to stay alive to thrive otherwise whatever efforts one invests an ailing union will be in vain, invalid and clearly waste of quality emotion. Still in building a lively relationship, one must reckon with the individual differences perspective. That’s everyone has his or her unique personality which they bring into the relationship. It follows then that each must be determined to concede grounds in order to blend with his or her partner. Without doubt, bonding together is a desirable feeling as is the need to sustain and make the union lasting. That means that people come together for many different reasons. Irrespective of whatever reasons, there are some things that good relationships have in common. Knowing the basic principles of healthy relationships helps keep them meaningful, fulfilling and exciting in both happy times and sad: What makes a healthy love relationship? • Staying involved with each other. Some relationships get stuck in peaceful coexistence, but without truly relating to each other and

working together. While it may seem stable on the surface, lack of involvement and communication increases distance. When you need to talk about something important, the connection and understanding may no longer be there. • Getting through conflict. Some couples talk things out quietly, while others may raise their voices and passionately disagree. The key in a strong relationship, though, is not to be fearful of conflict. You need to be safe to express things that bother you without fear of retaliation, and be able to resolve conflict without humiliation, degradation or insisting on being right. • Keeping outside relationships and interests alive. No one person can meet all of our needs, and expecting too much from someone can put a lot of unhealthy pressure on a relationship. Having friends and outside interests not only strengthens your social network, but brings new insights and stimulation to the relationship, too. • Communicating. Honest, direct communication is a key part of any relationship. When both people feel comfortable expressing their needs, fears, and desires, trust and bonds are strengthened. Nonverbal cues—body language like eye contact, leaning forward or away, or touching someone’s arm— are critical to communication. Keep physical intimacy alive Touch is a fundamental part of human existence. Studies on infants have shown the importance of regular, loving touch and holding on brain development. These benefits do not end in childhood. Life without physical contact with others is a lonely life indeed. Studies have shown that affectionate touch actually boosts the body’s levels of oxytocin, a hormone that influences bonding and attachment. In a committed relationship between two adult partners, physical intercourse is often a cornerstone of the relationship. However, intercourse should not be the only method of physical intimacy in a relationship. Regular, affectionate touch—holding hands, hugging, or kissing—is equally important. Be sensitive to what your partner likes. While touch is a key part of a healthy relationship, it’s important to take some time to find out what your partner really likes. Unwanted touching or inappropriate overtures can make the other person tense up and retreat—exactly what you don’t want. Spend quality time together ou probably have fond memories of when you were first dating your loved one. Then, he or she was heaven to you. Everything may have seemed new and exciting, and you may have spent hours just chatting together or

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Playful young couples coming up with new, exciting things to try. Then, being together and calling each other on phone was given. You hardly stayed a few hours without sending a text message. You yearned to be together, be seen together and even craved same thing. Such was the emotional attachment that detaching yourself from your heart throb seemed impossible. However, as time goes by, children, demanding jobs, long commutes, different hobbies and other obligations crept in and made it hard to find time together. It’s critical for your relationship, though, to make time for yourselves. If you don’t have quality time, communication and understanding start to erode. Basic ways to rekindle love • Commit to spending quality time together on a regular basis. Even during very busy and stressful times, a few minutes of really sharing and connecting can help keep bonds strong. • Find something that you enjoy doing together, whether it is a shared hobby, dance class, daily walk, or sitting over a cup of coffee

in the morning. • Try something new together. Doing new things together can be a fun way to connect and keep things interesting. It can be as simple as trying a new restaurant or going on a day trip to a place you’ve never been before. Couples are often more fun and playful in the early stages of a relationship. However, this playful attitude can sometimes be forgotten as life challenges or old resentments start getting in the way. Keeping a sense of humour can actually help you get through tough times, reduce stress, and work through issues more easily. Focus on having fun together • Think about playful ways to surprise your partner, little gifts that reveal your feeling, shows you care and rekindle love. Watch a programme together, stroll to a spot or just casual visiting together. • Learn from the “play experts” together. Playing with pets or small children can really help you reconnect with your playful side. If it’s something you do together, you also learn more about your partner

and how he or she likes to have fun. • Make a habit of laughing together whenever you can. Most situations are not as bleak as they appear to be when you approach them with humour. This spices up your relationship and sets the union to get aglow again. Learn to play again ou were playful then. What about now? What stops it? Whatever it was that has halted the playfulness between you, that sweet nothing chats, and the touch, blinking of the eyes and endless smiles, must be put out of your life. The spark must return. Playing together sets the emotion agog. Just a little humour will do the magic. Playful interaction can go a long way in relieving tense situations and helping you see the brighter side. Just laugh, talk about unserious things, something that ginger feelings of affection and the need to be together could just be the tonic. Spice your love life today, do it now. With additional information from…helpguide. com

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PAGE 32

PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Fiction

Maiden’s Cross (Part 1) A

nike woke up that morning feeling a strange kind of peace. Not unlike the biblical ‘peace of God which passeth all understanding’, she thought to herself. She knew what she had to do and had taken every possible step to ensure that she did not fail. She simply couldn’t afford to. She took a look at the little piece of paper in her hand, her JAMB examination slip and smiled wryly. She calmly tore it into four pieces and threw them into the waste paper basket. Oh no!, her brain screamed, not in there! She picked the pieces up again and threw them into her mouth one after the other. Anike chewed them thoroughly, barely tasting the bitter ink spewing unto her tongue with each clamp of her teeth. Swallowing the paper was another thing entirely. She just couldn’t force the masticated mess down her throat so she decided to compromise. She walked to the bathroom and spat it into the water closet. She twisted the handle and watched as the spiralling water whisked the mache away. Then she smiled again. Almost a year ago, Anike, still in secondary school wrote her first JAMB exam which she passed, barely. Unfortunately for her, her university of choice, University of Benin, didn’t grant her admission. Her JAMB score didn’t qualify her for law, which she was intent on studying. Anike was downcast. Her uncle gave a pep talk about not giving up and promptly enrolled her into an extra mural lesson two streets away from their house. Her uncle’s wife, Chioma had said nothing. The sharp looks she threw at both her husband and Anike said it all. She had insisted that Anike choose Unilag but Anike stubbornly refused. Anike was desperate and resorted to emotional blackmail. She told her uncle, amid tears, that since both her patents had

attended Uniben, it was her mother’s dying wish that she do the same. It worked and her uncle approved, not minding his wife’s anger and disappointment. ‘Anikeeeee!’ Aunty Chioma screamed, bringing Anike back to the present. She had been lost in thought. Aunty Chioma entered the bathroom and caught hold of Anike’s left ear. She twisted it and pulled her out of the bathroom. ‘Useless girl! You don start again abi? So you no wan go do exam? I know your plan but e no fit work! So you want my husband to waste all his money on you?’ Anike zoomed out as she always did when her auntin-law started her rants. Chioma didn’t trust herself enough to speak English when she was angry so she simply got angry in pidgin. Anike stopped listening. Thankfully, this one didn’t last very long. Aunty Chioma hissed and walked out angrily. Thirty minutes later, Anike was ready. She sat in the living room waiting for her uncle. He had promised to drop her at the examination center but had to see a friend very early about one business deal or the other. He arrived before long and they got into the car. Her center was at Ikeja, which

wasn’t very far from their Okearo home. ‘Relax, okay?’ Her uncle said, ‘You’ll do great.’ Anike nodded and leaned back. Her uncle wasn’t that bad, she thought. His wife was the problem. Most times, Anike felt that Aunty Chioma hated her very existence. Three years ago when her parents died after a ghastly motor accident on LagosIbadan expressway, Uncle Lade decided to take her in. He was a

Her uncle wasn’t that bad, she thought. His wife was the problem. Most times, Anike felt that Aunty Chioma hated her very existence.

newlywed then and he managed to convince his wife that Anike would help her with chores around the house. Uncle Lade was her father’s only surviving relative so her maternal grandparents didn’t object too strongly. They let him take their 14 year old granddaughter to Lagos, where she continued her education. In the beginning, Aunty Chioma treated her quite well, albeit at a distance. But as months turned into years without her getting pregnant, she became hostile. She desperately wanted children but it seemed none was forthcoming. The first day Chioma beat her up, she made the mistake of reporting to her uncle. Uncle Lade rebuked Chioma roundly and apologised to his niece. But Chioma only got more vicious, she brutalised Anike at every opportunity until the young girl realized who was boss. Anike dreaded coming back home after school where she was at the Chioma’s mercy. Her uncle was a business man of some sorts so he only came home at irregular intervals. One particular incident that made Anike resolve to do something about her predicament happened while she was attending her extra mural lessons. She had woken up early that morning so as to wash Chioma’s dirty laundry, which was saying something since Chioma changed clothes three times a day. After that, she cleaned the house and cooked breakfast. By the time she was through with the chores, she didn’t have any time left to eat. She simply rushed her shower, grabbed her backpack and was about running out of the house when Chioma screamed her name. Now what? Anike asked herself. She hurried to her aunt’s room. ‘Look here, you’re not going to lesson today o. I’m expecting visitors so I want this house to be thoroughly cleaned.’ Chioma said. ‘This house is clean ma. I just finished cleaning.’ Anike replied. ‘How about the bathrooms?’ ‘I washed them during the weekend ma.’

‘Then why didn’t you cut the grass in the compound?’ Chioma asked indignantly, ‘Abi they never full for your eye?’ There was a man that Uncle Lade employed for that purpose. He usually came every fortnight but when Anike pointed that out to Chioma, she flared up and started raining slaps on the poor girl. ‘So you wan teach me how I go take manage my house abi? You mad child! You lazy idiot! So you wan make I dash that lazy old man two thousand naira when lazy fool like you dey house abi? No be your fault, na Lade don spoil you.’ As Anike was trying her best to cushion the blows with her forearms, she mistakenly hit Chioma’s wrist and her wristwatch flew off. Chioma screamed. ‘I will kill you today. You don spoil my wristwatch. That watch expensive pass your wretched family.’ Needless to say, the blows intensified. When they got to the centre, Anike and her uncle alighted. ‘Here we are. Where’s your slip?’ Lade asked. Anike did a double take. ‘It’s in my bag.’ She stammered in reply. ‘Let me see so you’ll know the room you’re supposed to go.’ He held out his hand. Anike’s heart flew into her mouth. It was over even before it began, she thought. Her lower lip began to quiver. She removed her backpack slowly and began to fumble in it. Her uncle’s phone rang then but she dared not look up. Her brain was working furiously on what to tell him. ‘Right now?’ her uncle was saying into the phone, ‘I’m on my way.’ Anike didn’t dare to hope. ‘Listen Anike, I have to go. Try to locate your exam room number, alright?’ She nodded faster than she intended to. ‘And make sure you come home as soon as you finish, okay?’ ‘Yes Uncle’ ‘Good luck.’ Lade said and jumped back into his car. Anike watched as he made a U-turn before driving away. She heaved a huge sigh of relief. She looked around as other candidates were arriving, each one trying to find their examination room. She walked to the road and hailed an okada. ‘Where?’ The rider asked. ‘Motor park.’ She replied. naijastories.com


PAGE 33

PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Is the romantic comedy over? By Nicholas Barber

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o those of us who remember all the front page photos of Hugh Grant and Elizabeth Hurley at the premiere, it seems like no time at all, but in fact Four Weddings has been around for a terrifying 20 years: it premiered at the Sundance Festival in January 1994, before being released in the United States that March. Another question for Valentine’s Day: has any subsequent romantic comedy been funnier, more charming or more influential? A year earlier, there was Sleepless in Seattle, and a few years before that there was When Harry Met Sally. But in the two decades since then, the pool of contenders appears to have evaporated. Has any recent rom-com turned its leading man into a superstar and its screenwriter into a brand, as Four Weddings did for Grant and Richard Curtis? Has any theme song rivalled Wet Wet Wet’s Love Is All Around, which topped the British singles chart for 15 weeks? For that matter, will any modern rom-com be fondly remembered 20 years after it was made? “The good romantic comedy seems to be an endangered genre,” sighs Angie Errigo, co-author of Chick Flicks: A Girl’s Guide to the Movies Women Love. “I was looking through a list of the top 100 films at the box office in 2013 and there was not one I would unhesitatingly call a romantic comedy. [2012’s] Silver Linings Playbook was marketed as one, but, given the mental illness aspect, it was decidedly something else besides. Is Her a romantic comedy? Is Don Jon? The Perks of Being a Wallflower? I’m struggling to think of the last proper hit rom-

Boy meets girl meets centre

com.” Comic timing Dr Stacey Abbott, the co-editor of Falling in Love Again: Romantic Comedy in Contemporary Cinema, agrees that the genre isn’t what it used to be. “If I had to choose my favourite romantic comedies of the past 20 years, I suppose I would list Something’s Gotta Give, As Good as It Gets, and How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days,” she says, “but they were all made over a decade ago. That could be for a number of reasons. The actors who starred in comedies then, such as Sandra Bullock, Ben Stiller, Matthew McConaughey and Tom Hanks, are turning to more dramatic roles now. I would also say that genres always go in cycles. Clearly the 1990s and early 2000s were a very good period for romantic comedies, but Hollywood is having great success with different forms of comedy now.” What seems to have happened is that rather than attempting to appeal to both genders and all ages, Hollywood is squeezing its romantic comedies into ever-smaller niches. One the one hand, we have the

likes of Failure to Launch (2006), Licence to Wed (2007) and 27 Dresses (2008): contrived, highconcept comedies, usually starring Katherine Heigl, Kate Hudson or Sarah Jessica Parker, and usually more concerned with designer clothes than with true love. hese are aimed squarely at women: a film called 27 Dresses was never going to get men queuing ‘round the block. On the other hand, we have Judd Apatow’s The 40 Year-Old Virgin (2005) and Knocked Up (2007), which set off a wave of looser, more masculine, and much, much ruder comedies. In terms of gamechanging impact, Knocked Up may be the most significant rom-com since Four Weddings. But its main legacy is the establishment of the ‘bromance’, a storyline about an intense platonic male friendship. Bromance movies now have their female equivalents, such as Bridesmaids (2011), but the same rule applies: the romantic intrigue is consigned to a subplot, while the central relationship is between two best buddies.

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Golden oldies

The emergence of the ‘bromance’ is key here, of course, but one of the other shifts in the genre is the growth of rom-coms which have older protagonists, like Something’s Gotta Give, Mamma Mia!, Last Chance Harvey, It’s Complicated and Enough Said. There seems to be a steady trickle of films which are putting a new spin on the genre by looking at love the second time around

Romance Unsatisfying as these films may be to those of us who yearn for a romantic comedy in the vein of Billy Wilder and Ernst Lubitsch, they may serve a purpose. “Instead of thinking of the genre as being on the wane,” says Dr Deborah Jermyn, co-editor of Falling in Love Again, “perhaps we might think of it as going through another period of transformation, as it has to do. The emergence of the ‘bromance’ is key here, of course, but one of the other shifts in the genre is the growth of rom-coms which have older protagonists, like Something’s Gotta Give, Mamma Mia!, Last Chance Harvey, It’s Complicated and Enough Said. There seems to be a steady trickle of films which are putting a new spin on the genre by looking at love the second time around.” Romantic comedies about senior citizens (rheumatic comedies, perhaps?) aren’t the only innovations of the past decade. “The traditional rom-com, with the poster of the boy and girl standing back to back, and the rush to the airport at the end ... that has become quite limited,” says Dr Tamar Jeffers McDonald, author of Romantic Comedy: Boy Meets Girl Meets Genre. “But I think Hollywood has been trying lots of new things. For instance, there’s something I call the ‘homme-com’, which is like a conventional rom-com, but male-centric. Along Came Polly, The 40 Year-Old Virgin and Wedding Crashers are all examples. Then you’ve got What to Expect

When You’re Expecting, which is a romantic comedy with babies, Warm Bodies, which is a romantic comedy with zombies, and We’re The Millers, which is a romantic comedy that’s also a road movie, a drug movie and a movie about finding a new family. “I also think that when the mass media says that the genre is dead, they’re forgetting that a lot of American romantic comedies are doing extremely well at the box office. But they’re the ones with black casts: The Best Man Holiday, Excess Baggage and Think Like a Man, for instance. It’s really quite an exciting time because everything is in flux. And we’re possibly just on the cusp of having the next great romantic comedy.” aybe so. But there is another explanation for the recent dearth of classic rom-coms. It could simply be that 21st Century audiences are too cynical for them. In January, That Awkward Moment revolved around a typically commitment-phobic hero (Zac Efron) being tempted towards monogamy by a typically luminous heroine (Imogen Poots). But in this instance, the hero’s grand, sentimental gesture isn’t asking the heroine to marry him, or to move in with him or even to embark on a steady relationship. No, in That Awkward Moment, the best the hero can do is to acknowledge that he and the heroine are ‘dating’. Sometimes, Four Weddings and a Funeral doesn’t seem as if it came out 20 years ago, but 200.

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PAGE 34

PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

No N o lly ll y wo wood od

I left acting to win souls for God Liz Benson Liz Benson is one of the most talented and gracious actresses to have come out of the Nigerian movie industry. She was a prominent figure in the movie industry from the 90s. Having featured in countless movies, the beautiful thespian and mother was one of those that made the Nollywood brand what it is today. Now a minister of God and married to Bishop Great Ameye of Freedom Family Assembly in 2009, Liz spoke on her new world of winning souls for God, meeting her hubby and her new movie project. How has your mission been? To God be the Glory. My husband has made the home comfortable for me. But the joy of people coming to you and saying pastor this is what is going on, this is what is happening and I counsel them with the word of God and they put it to practice. Oh my God, it gives me joy! And I tell them when you are doing well, when you are prospering, when you have answers to questions, I’m filled with joy. I’m fulfilled serving people and changing lives. Apart from these when you are filled with God and God is working in your life and you are in total obedience to God your maker, the assurance in heaven is something you can’t quantify. For me, I’m very comfortable with it. Did you ever imagine being a pastor’s wife? I tell you what? No one knows what tomorrow holds for him or her. I carried the heart of someone that wants to serve God but I never thought it will turn out this way. In 2001, I was in a thanksgiving service at Faith Foundation Church, made a testimony and I left although I had the mind of a minister of the gospel then. Bishop Sam Amaga and his wife came to my house one day and said, ‘Do you know there is a call of God in your life?’ I looked at them and responded, ‘God has made those he wants to use and I don’t think I’m part of them.’ I found out later that many of the servants of God that God wants to use never said I want to be this, I want to be that. But they just find out that the more you love God, the more you get closer to him, God will want to use you and qualify you for his work. And for someone like me, you just find out that God moves you from place to place. I was just preaching in places like Allen Avenue back then. Two ladies saw me then and bore witness of my early days preaching around the place. One of them who acted in Twinkle sometime ago reminded me when she saw me at the airport sometime ago. She said she

remembered that I came to her shop at Emporium Plaza at Allen, Ikeja to preach to her customers. So I used to do that a lot in those days when God started with me. So how did you meet your husband, Bishop Ameye? God did it. It was by divine arrangement. God was speaking through many people just like he used the donkey in the Bible. God used different witnesses to guide me. I was there waiting and he was there also waiting. I never expected such. And even after we met and he proposed, I still was running (She laughs). I still was running and where I was running to, a woman of God stopped me and asked me where I was running to. ‘You are running from your husband?’ The things of God eh, they are such that if you run from it, it doesn’t make it go away. When God takes a hold of you and you run away from it a million times, he will still ask you to do the assignment. The calling of God is such that you will have to surrender and all that. How fulfilling are you now compared to your days as an actress? I can’t put it in a box. I can’t really describe how it feels now but it is one of the most fulfilling times of my life. Being available to God, to humanity and doing something that is touching lives. In one way or another, you are investing in the lives of people and seeing that effect on them is most fulfilling. Doing what pleases your maker is fulfilling both to you and God. You may not have the billions but God has his own reward system and it surpasses the way of the world. God is most gracious and most sufficient. Did you ever see yourself different from being a star actress? Let me put it this way, a lot see the other side of me as a celebrity, star actress but two people that I call friends knew that I was always close to God. They knew Liz Benson as that kind of person.

In all the parties, I always go out and excuse myself to pray. We gather here, I live whatever we are doing to pray. So, it’s been like that for me. I know it couldn’t go on for a very long time. I had to do things my own way not conforming to their standards. I think that was why my friends saw me a bit strange because I couldn't do certain things and fit into some area of our activities. And there are so many of us like that. There are a lot of people who are hiding under the cover of activities, showbiz and all that but they know that they have a personal relationship with God and are hiding this. But I know God will catch up with them the way He did to me. Between yesterday’s Nollywood and today’s Nollywood, how will you rate it? We now have the wherewithal, the financial wherewithal; some of the equipment we have now we never had before. When I look at the directing, even the editing, I feel that a thorough job is done. The directors are doing well. In terms of movie production, there is still a lot of infrastructure that we don’t have yet. What attracted you to be part of the Living Funeral movie? The movie is about breast cancer and it is a disease that its awareness has not reached home yet. I have been in a situation where the people are very religious and they talk about which side of the bed they slept last night. And I called someone, ‘let them check her blood pressure. It was 200 over! I told her, mama what you need is rest.’ Another woman came to me and she had pain in her breast. Immediately, I swung

into action and this was before I became involved in this project. I took her to the teaching hospital so that they could find out what was wrong with her. I told her not to deceive them and tell them exactly what was wrong with her. And they operated on her and now she is living well. She came in about three years ago to thank me. ‘Mama I thank God for you oh. Ignorance fit kill me person oh.’ If not that I was involved in her life, maybe we will be saying something else. So it’s not just preaching the word, preaching the word, preaching the word. But being able to reach out to people and save lives. And things like this movie project, Living Funeral, are also a means by which I can reach people and impact lives. So I’ve not gone out of acting completely. It’s just that when you have a ministry, we are all gifted in different ways and when things like this come. It is something that makes me to do a lot of good to my fellow brethren and women especially. So when situations like this happen it is not only the patient or victim of cancer that suffers it but the whole family, the whole community. So, I’m here to promote a worthy cause. If I say something here, I mean it and when my assistance is needed to propagate a just cause, I will gladly do.

way. I can’t place a hand. But if I want to take into account, Living Funeral is it because I’m doing something as a minister of the gospel that projects my faith and tells a good moral story. I was moved and shaken by the movie. Some of the lines of the scripts are killing. I can’t even place what it is about the movie but the story line is touching and the movie has fetched us eight nominations in Africa Magic Video Choice Awards AMVCA including Liz Benson-Ameye being nominated for Best Supporting Actress in a Drama. I just thank God for giving me the grace to act in such movies. Life itself has its challenges. Even if there are some hurdles there, you will always survive them. I have so much work to do in God’s vineyard. To God be the glory, Now I can only appear in movies that have to do with humanity and preach good tidings. For me, the moral standard is what I deal in right now. The best, depth and height of every human being and endeavor are all in the Bible. Even the most spoken words in history are taken from the Word of God. For me it is God because movie roles, boyfriend, girlfriend, romance and all that are no longer for me. The most recent one that we are projecting is in the bible. That’s why I’m saying that it just have to be God standard or nothing.

When it comes to your movies what are your fond memories? I always have the movies that I fancy based on experience but it is the viewer that can judge that because they all have their favourite. But for me, every production brings its own challenges that come with it. I deal with them in their own

What are the things people don’t know about Liz Ameye? I don’t know, it is for the people to say not me. I think one of the issues is being able to deal with issue the way it comes and allow God to have control of your life. Source: Nigeriafilms.com


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Bollywood/Hollywood Bonnaroo lineup revealed: Kanye West, Elton John, Jack White Headlining

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anye West will return to Bonnaroo six years after a disastrous performance at the Tennessee festival, Hollywood Reporter has said. The full Roo lineup was unveiled through a broadcasted announcement; Elton John, Jack White, Lionel Richie and Vampire Weekend are among the big names set to rock Manchester, Tenn., from June 12 to 15. In 2008, West was booed mercilessly at Bonnaroo after showing up hours late to his set at nearly 4:30 a.m., later blaming a late-running Pearl Jam and the amount of time it took to set up his stage show. Yeezy's upcoming Bonnaroo return marks his first announced festival performance of 2014; he spent much of the past year promoting his latest album, Yeezus, with a headlining tour.

Justin Timberlake's grandma reveals why he can’t have kids

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ustin Timberlake and wife Jessica Biel don’t have any children, yet but his grandmother Sadie Bomar is giving the real reason why. Speaking to gossip sight RadarOnline shortly after Valentine’s Day, Grandma Timberlake disclosed that the reason Justin and Biel are still childless is because, her "grandson is damn too busy for him and his wife to have kids!” There is no doubt the R&B super star has been on the road promoting his latest album but does that mean he doesn’t see his wife? Sadie adds that, "Jessica is a very sweet girl, she’s upright and everything and we love her but I am bothered about when and how is she going to get pregnant when he [Justin] is hardly around."

Elton John, who in September released a new album, The Diving Board, will head down to Tennessee, while White will perform at Bonnaroo for the first time since the White Stripes played the festival in 2007. Richie stopped by Bonnaroo as a surprise guest during Kenny Rogers' 2012 set. Other notable artists headed to the largest camping event in North America this year include Frank Ocean, Lauryn Hill, Phoenix, the Flaming Lips, Damon Albarn, Ice Cube, Cake and Mastodon. As always, Bonnaroo will host multiple "Superjam" sessions, in which artists are cobbled together to improvise in oft-spectacular ways; this year boasts another bluegrass Superjam with Ed Helm, a Superjam with "Skrillex & Friends" and a mystery Superjam.

ITV acquires controlling stake in 'Teen wolf' producer

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TV said that it has acquired a 51 percent stake in DiGa Vision, the New York-based producer behind Teen Wolf and other scripted and reality TV programs. Former MTV executives Tony DiSanto and Liz Gateley launched DiGa in 2011. The U.K. TV giant didn't disclose financial details, but said it would make upfront cash payment for the controlling stake with a put and call option to buy the remainder of the company at a later time. The put and call option could be exercised within three to six years, with the total amount to be paid linked to the perfo rmance of the company. "The multiple paid is similar to the range paid on ITV’s previous acquisitions," the company said in a statement. ITV, led by CEO Adam Crozier, has made a slew of acquisitions in the TV production sector as it looks to diversify its business beyond running networks and making money from TV advertising. In the past 18 months, ITV has acquired U.S. TV producers Gurney Productions, the company behind Duck Dynasty, Cake Boss producer High Noon Entertainment and Hatfields & McCoys producer Thinkfactory Media. It has also bought U.K. producers The Garden and Big Talk, which made Shaun of the Dead. "The acquisition represents another step forward in ITV’s strategy of building a strong international content business and is an important addition to the group’s growing portfolio of production companies on both sides of the Atlantic," ITV said about the DiGa deal.

'Titanic' actor sues for back A man who said he was not fairly paid after James Cameron bumped him up from an extra to a principal performer on 1997's Titanic is suing g the studios, production companies and distributors behind the best picture winner for a bigger piece of the pie, Hollywood Reporter has said. Vi Jay's suit, filed in Los Angeles Superior Court, says he was promised $60 a day to do background work on Titanic. Upon arriving on the Mexico set in 1996, Cameron "in the spur of the moment, directed Plaintiff in playing the principalperformer role of the Spindley Porter" opposite Kathy Bates (Molly Brown) in her first scene in the movie. Jay was shown carrying luggage reciting dialogue, according to the suit. Twentieth Century Fox, Paramount Pictures, Cameron's Light storm Entertainment, Earth ship Productions, Walden Media and Walt Disney Pictures are named in the suit. Jay, who was not a member of the Screen Actors Guild, said the union should have been notified of his role

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and h e should h a v e b e e n g i v e n t h e opportunity to join SAG. Had this happened, he said d the suit would have been able to enjoy royalties from m foreign screenings of the film, as well as its theatrical re-releases and its cable and television airings.


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Beauty

Facial beauty: A necessary game for ladies By Mashe Umaru Gwamna

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eauticians believe that the skin is the direct reflection of man’s internal wellbeing. It is also safe to assume that people want a healthy looking skin, especially their face. Understandably, taking good care of the face begins first by knowing, understanding and appreciating the benefits of skin care. A popular American Rapper Jazzy, who featured in a song in Hudson’s, ‘Forever Young’, unarguably implies that today’s woman’s attitude towards fashion is closely related to appearance, comportment and invariably the look of one’s face. Everywhere young or older women are seen, the centre point of their discussion is usually appearance, their look and ultimately skin care. To underline their determination to look good and be associated with beautiful facial look, they are often ready to go the extra mile just to achieve an attractive appearance in face. Their skin matters no little to them. Some even devote pious attention to appearance and facial look as if it were a religion that one must be accountable to for life. Little wonder not a few women are consumed with passion for good facial look that their attention to facial detail and devotion to same

have had books written on. This is so because many women, both ancient and modern, have succumbed to and will continue to submit to the pressure of trying to maintain an image and reaching desirable standard of beauty. This, invariably leads to especial emphasis on the treatment of the one’s face. Facial diagnose has therefore gone beyond hobby and has attended the level of a vocation. Everywhere across the globe, facial treatment has become a necessary beauty flare in the society: Women go beyond boundaries to get novels, magazines, fashion tips attend workshops and other illustrous programmes, just to acquire knowledge on how to enhance the beauty of their faces. Today, women of all socioeconomic class could be found with container-like bag. And the contents of the bag? Guess no further, they are always ornaments of beauty. They want to appear good and indeed present their faces fresh, attractive and memorable to whoever has even a glance at them. The split second glance should trigger further concentrated look as to stir emotion and make the sight permanent in the memory of the looker. No matter the type of skin: dry, oily or mature and combination, it is always important to know before having the treat. The hope of having a crystal clear face, free from dark

An elegant glowing face this lady is proud to show off

spots, sunburn, blackhead, acne, sagging and pimples is a dream for every woman, whether celebrity, rich or poor. lbeit, it is common in the country, facial treatment using mixtures devoid of chemicals is associated mostly with women of Northern extraction. Women from states like Yobe, Borno, Bauchi, Gombe and Kaduna among others. However, women in those places have so much flare for beauty specifically to impress their husbands and looking them permanently locked in their charming look. No, not that they lack any natural beauty to the contrary they are among the most charming beautiful women on earth. Not with their slim, curvy and well endowed shape, an appearance that is the dream of many European women and beauty pageants today. In our contemporary societies, facial treatment is synonymous for brides and individuals, who are eager to stay forever young, sustain their scintillating looks and remain adorable for as long as they are alive. Facials are customized based on the activities of someone’s skin, but it is always advisable to choose the right spa treatment; either one using localized method or the scientific method. A beautician, Mrs. Monica Habila Ijim, said there is no denying the fact that every woman loves a day at the saloon. “There is no better way to pamper yourself and get some glance relaxation than to book an appointment for a facial treat, twice in a month. In doing facials, the skin type should be kept in mind. Facial treatment is in two categories; scientific proven and locally made. “The scientific proven deals with mixture of many nourishing chemical creams, these methods include cleaning, steaming, massaging, masking, toning and moistening, while the local method is done with some beautiful species which are basically done by a specialist. This method among the women of Northern Nigeria extraction is known as kurkur or Dilka. “The method is mostly done ether a month to wedding, weeks or days, depending on the person’s capacity. My sister, you can give it a try because it makes one to look so beautiful during weddings and after to maintain the colour of her complexion. “There are benefits of having a facial treat which are improving the look on one’s skin, it also takes that back breaking stress off the shoulders and it cleans the dirty cell to allow free circulation on the blood of the face,” she said as a matter-of-fact. Similarly, Mario Adamu, who was at the spa said she likes cleaning all her pores and sunburn on her face to look good. Mrs. Beatrice William a

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A lady undergoing facial treat business woman said, “I love doing facial, every woman needs to be beautiful. As a business woman, my personality is paramount. I meet a lot of clients and looking good for me is good business. My facial beauty matters a lot. “You know facial treat stimulates the cellular regeneration process in the skin and it reduces the sign of aging for me. I really want to look much younger than my age and going to the spa is what I don’t debate upon because it reduces wrinkles,” she said pointedly. adikat Jalo said when people heard of the word facials, they tended to associate it with celebrity. “Anybody can have a facial treat. I just returned from the states, where I learned about spa treat. There are wonderful spas in Abuja and its environs. “Facial treatment is designed to reserve the sign of aging that results from everyday wear and tear of life or simply some environmental factors such as; sunlight, smog, pollination and stress,” she added. Miss Helen Ibrahim said “as a woman, you need to know that our face is one of the first contacts.

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People look at your face than elsewhere. The face connects and tells several stories about your person: your disposition, mood, countenance, beauty, emotions and other revelations. So it cannot be overrated, as you become stricken with age, the need for more self-awareness can help the body and the system. Facials help in rejuvenating the skin and helps in renewing your dead cells. For me, facials should not only be for face, but once in a while it should be done for the whole body by going to the spa to have the treatment.” She added that she prefers using the natural organic cream for official facials like St. Queen Helen, St. Ives and natural things around the house. Achieving a beautiful glowing face can be tricky business and spending some time taking care of the face even more. But the end result will not only be pleasant to the eyes but will earn one a gorgeous face that one cannot wait to show off. For an individual to get Tender Loving Care (TLC), a trip to the spa will worth it. Facial for any woman is desirable and worth the while.

Facials help in rejuvenating the skin and helps in renewing your dead cells. Facials should not only be for face, but once in a while it should be done for the whole body by going to the spa to have the treatment.


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

PAGE 37

Entertainment Flakes

Eith Patrick Andrew PHONE NO: 08136531513

Adebimpe Akintunde says she is not dating Murphy Afolabi

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ollywood actress Biola Ige was flown to India to be treated of a thyroid related condition and she has been able to tell her near death experience and the death of her mother, Mrs. Mary Ige, months after her return from India. However, she has a change in the colour of her skin which has raised questions that she is bleaching She denied bleaching her skin : “I am naturally fair. I have never been dark. I am just taking care of my skin. After the radiation, my skin came back to normal. I am not using any bleaching cream. I am using Vitamin E oil and sweet almond oil, I am not bleaching.”

When asked if she was in a relationship: “A lot of things have happened, anyway that was in the past. I am not dating now. I have grown over the years and realized that most men want to just get in-between your legs. "The basic things of life are not things money can buy. I have chosen to be on my own and remain focused. If the right man comes and he is truly ready to date and not just to have fun, I will have a rethink. She has a criteria for her idea man: “Is there even an ideal man really? If I say this person is my ideal man and the person does not like you, what will you do? He must be intelligent and God fearing.

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ollywood actress and a producer Adebimpe Akintunde has finally spoken about her rumoured affair with Murphy Afolabi, she claims there was no need for controversy with her relationship with Murphy “He is my boss and someone I respect and cherish so much. I can even call him my father. It is not true that we are dating. Some people had said it to my face that I am having an affair with him but I believe that misconception was as a result of our closeness. Murphy Afolabi is just a very good boss. I have never dated anyone in the industry," she says about him. Asked if she is in an affair: “ I am in a relationship but I am not yet engaged. I have made it clear to my man that whatever he sees on the screen is make believe. Any man who wants to date or marry an actress must be very understanding because we are always in the spotlight and we deal with many men in our chosen career. I pray and hope that before or by the end of this year GOD willing, I will get married because one is not getting younger. About staying away from scandal: “Scandal! Not really, it was just the rumour of the affair between me and Murphy Afolabi. Because of our closeness, even a few colleagues and our marketers even say it to my face. Our fans too are saying that we are dating. I just smiled and take my time to explain to them that there is nothing between us. He is my boss and nothing more.”

I didn't beg for alms from the Presidency, Segun Arinze insists

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No, no, I am not a papa to any unborn baby, says Davido

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avido has been associated with a lot of ladies, not to blame him. He is young and handsome and got the money like Justin Bieber and Wizkid. Ladies will always get close to him and the desperate ones will want to take their crush a little further by implicating him…However, Davido still got a lot to do with these ladies behaviours. Just this January, a lady from the Caribbean, hot and sexy Sunshine Haye had said Davido is the father of his unborn twins. Just as we are trying to investigate if this story was true, we caught him kissing a model and video vixen, Faith who came to Nigeria for her valentine. Well, it is not the first time things like this is happening to the ‘Skelewu crooner’, he had it hot last year when Pendo, a controversial lady from Kenya captured him sleeping …Whatever that happened we do not know but Davido is tired of these allegations from ladies. In a simple explanation, Davido took care of the rumours ‘‘Time to clear the rumours…I am single and I am not expecting kids…thank you.”

ome Nollywood celebrities visited Aso Rock some days ago and it was reported that they went to beg for money from the presidency when Kabat Esosa lashed them, however, Seun Arinze has explained that they all went to the Villa with their own money. Kabat Esosa had said ‘One question I think begs an answer from them is; what was the reason and value of the Presidential visit? How have their visit added anything to the hue and cry in the country in respect of security, unemployment etc.‘ Segun Arinze now have to reply him “I think it’s so unfair for anyone to criticise AGN for paying a courtesy visit to President Goodluck Jonathan. We are an Association in Nollywood and our visit was to discuss issues as it affects our Guild and the industry in general. Everybody transported themselves to and fro. We didn’t go begging for alms. Pls do read Madam President Ibinabo Fiberisma’s speech which has been sent by mail to you. Kabat’s statement was totally uncalled for. We are very apolitical. We have a right to visit GEJ after all he’s the president of the federal Republic of Nigeria,’ Segun began. Chyke Bryan who is the president of screen writers guild is down with kidney problem. What have the members of that guild of whom Kabat is also a member done to raise money for his treatment? They should stop poking their noses in other people’s business. And focus on how to move the industry forward instead of bickering and sulking like Children. Making a mountain out of a molehill.’

One half of PSquare set for March 22 traditional wedding

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ne half of psquare music group, Paul Okoye, is seriously preparing for his traditional wedding which takes place on March 22 in Lagos. Preparations, we were told, have reached advance stages. Already, Okoye is putting things together in one town not two as had been previously envisaged. Okoye will finally exchange marital

vows with his baby mama, Anita Isama, after several years of courtship. Okoye and Isama, already have a son together named Andrew. Paul ‘s wedding is coming barely couple of months after his half brother, Peter, held his traditional marriage with his beautiful lover of many years, Lola Omotayo, last year in Lagos.

Skales may join Timaya’s Dem Mama records

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kales may be joining Timaya’s Dem Mama records after he was discharged by Banky W’s Empire Mates Entertainment days back, his contract with EME had ended this January and the two parties have gone their separate ways in peace. It has been reported that Skales has

packed into the house of Timaya, though his signing with Dem mama records is not official but there is a probability that it is happening soon. According to a source “He may be signing with Dem Mama Records soon, he has moved in with him,”


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

PAGE 38

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LETTERS

Setting the pace for Nigeria’s peace By Prince Ben Omojowolo

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major pre-requisite for development in any society is peace and tranquility. Even developed nations have not succeeded without resort to the tenets of peaceful co-existence among inhabitants. In a nation as sparsely developed as Nigeria, despite abundant human and natural resources, the need for peace can never be over emphasised. Yet peace cannot just be preached without active participation of certain stake holders. The principles of peace in itself requires so much of the individual and by extension, the entire society in such manner that the message of peace becomes more of action than mere words. The Nigerian setting is such that the family plays a dominant role in the moulding of a child’s beliefs and values. This is why the revolution of minds becomes the very first step towards actualising true peace in Nigeria. The reason for this is not farfetched. The family will be the one to preach to the child the true doctrines of brotherly living. Only the family can tell the child the first set of people who are his neighbours and how to treat them. The child learns from the family that an elder is not just the parent, but everyone older than him around him at any point in time. He learns also from the family that love is a virtue that should not only be felt among one’s siblings but with others outside the home. Thus the child learns from

WRITE TO US Peoples Daily Weekend welcomes your letters, opinion articles, text messages and ‘pictures of yesteryears.’ All written contributions should be concise. Word limits: Letters - 150 words, Articles - 750 words. Please include your name and a valid location. Letters to the Editor should be addressed to: The Editor, Peoples Daily, 1st Floor Peace Plaza, 35 Ajose Adeogun Street, Utako, Abuja. Email: opinion@peoplesdailyng.com adverts@peoplesdailyng.com pictures@peoplesdailyng.com contact@peoplesdailyng.com the family that respect and love are universal languages. From that point the child graduates to the next environment where he learns about the other rudiments of societal love. He learns from his teacher that there are various states in Nigeria and that the states all form one country. He also learns that the country is made up certain major regions as well as other areas that make up the geopolitical zones of the country. Consequently the child learns to combine the lessons from home with those from his teacher to form an ideology about a nation that he either learns to love or grows gradually, to hate or think and act indifferently about. What’s more, the child learns from these basic principle setters that his neighbour is as his brother or that his neighbour is

a potential enemy. When we have a set of children telling themselves that a category of persons different, in one manner from them should be treated wholly as such, then we have a society waiting for the slightest push towards the edge of destruction. For Nigeria to be regarded as a country planning to remain as one, we must see families championing the course for peaceful coexistence with the aid of academic institutions. Furthermore, the place of religious leaders in all of this cannot be over emphasised. Much has been said about this, yet reports of the activities of some religious leaders have not been encouraging. This piece will not attempt to talk much to these leaders because it will not be out of place to deduce

that anyone using his religious office to separate this country acts very consciously, with prior knowledge of the implications of his actions. It will suffice however to add that the wrath of God awaits anyone who acts as such to his own peril. But this piece will not be complete without stating the role of the media in the necessary struggle for peace in Nigeria. Only the media can be relied upon to speak selflessly to these various stake holders on the implications of negating their responsibilities and encourage them to embrace the fight for peace in Nigeria. Where the media fails in this necessary duty, the fight for peace in Nigeria can best be regarded as lost forever. What this means is that the media is at the helm of the struggle for peace in Nigeria as it is in every society of the world. The media is the voice of a child crying for peace; the echo of love a nation can have; as well as the symbol of strength for the polity at any point in time. Thus when the media becomes a puppet for detractors, the doom of the society is near at hand. This is therefore a call to the media to stand at the fore front of the much debated battle for true peace in Nigeria so that posterity will not judge us for the effects of our very actions. Omojowolo, a social analyst writes from Abuja


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Opinion By Chinedu Moghalu

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ecently the Association of African Development Finance Institutions (AADFI) has rated the Nigerian ExportImport Bank– NEXIM as ‘Best Performing African DFI.’ The decision was an outcome of the ‘2013 Annual AADFI CEOs Forum of African Development Banks and Finance Institutions’on the theme “Strengthening African DFIs with Appropriate Standards and Guidelines: 3rd Peer Review & Rating of African DFIs” held at the Serena Beach Hotel & Spa, Mombasa Republic of Kenya from 13-15 November, 2013. The Forum marked the conduct of the 3rd Peer Review of DFIs with the AADFI Prudential Standards, Guidelines and Rating System (PSGRS). In the letter conveying the message to NEXIM Bank, titled “CONGRATULATION ON YOUR RATING AS BEST PERFORMING AFRICAN DFI”, Mr. J.A. Amihere, the Secretary General of AADFI, stated, “In the light of your institution’s rating as ‘Best Performing DFI”, we are pleased, on behalf of the Chairman of the Association, to extend our warm congratulations to your Board of Directors and Management Team on this record performance, and urge you not to relent in your effort at entrenching best practices in the operations of your institution as you continue to sustain your development financing mandate.” According to AADFI, the Peer Review Exercise with the AADFI PSGRS was not a competition but an approach to evaluate DFIs in the various areas of governance, finance and operation in order to identify areas of weaknesses for self-improvement and strengths for consolidation. Suffice to state that considering NEXIM Bank was in the ‘Negative rating’ for a long time before the Roberts Orya-led Management took office in August 2009, it is instructive to note that it quicklymoved to ‘B’ rating in 2012, then progressed to ‘Best Performing African DFI’ in 2013. The state of affairs of NEXIM at the time Mr. Roberts Orya took charge of the then newly-constituted Executive Management on

NEXIM and African DFI rating August 20, 2009 was such that the financial and operational performance of the Bank had deteriorated to a punching level, in addition to a myriad of other problems. These extended to an alarming decline in the quality of risk assets as the Bank’s total loan portfolio of N14.6 Billion was non-performing by 72%. Within that category, N10.03 Billion or 69.05% was classified as completely lost resulting in a decline in the bank’s income. The net effect was a depletion of the Bank’s shareholders funds as a result of accumulated losses,significant decrease in income and tolerance of excessiveand escalating overheads. Coupled with these were the issues of nonadherence to corporate governance tenets, non-existent risk management framework, lack of strategic focus and digression from core mandate, lack of visibility of the Bank, etc. In light of the above, the Executive Team set to reverse the problems and ensure NEXIM Bank was able to contribute significantly to the economic development of Nigeria. Under the leadership of its formerBoard Chairman,Dr. Kingsley C. Moghalu,the Management received approval in 2010 to reposition the Bank to effectively deliver on its statutory mandate and become an ‘effective enabler of Nigeria’ economic transformation. Accordingly, a Corporate Transformation exercise was initiated centering on the key perspectives of Strategy, Risk Management and Corporate Governance, Financial Performance, Operations, Organization and People, with assistance from KPMG Professional Services. The outcome of the exercise was the Corporate Transformation Project (Project Spring) which led to the re-definition of the Bank’s Mission, Vision and Strategic Objectivestargeting four sectors, namely, Manufacturing, Agroprocessing, Solid Minerals & Services, which have high employment and foreign exchange earning potentials in the non-oil sector of the Nigerian economy. This has become the MASS Agenda of the NEXIM Bank.

Subsequently, the Management set out clear transformation implementation activities whichincluded a 5-Year Strategic Plan marshalling out the following areas – clearly defined market penetration action plans with responsibilities and timelines; robust corporate governance and risk management architecture/frameworks in line with international best practice; brand strategy and brand engagement strategy to improve visibility and project the Bank’s image; clearly defined roles and responsibilities; organization-wide key performance indices (KPIs) and scorecard to ensure effective monitoring of the Bank’s operations and performance by its staff and shareholders; redesigned and roll out of policies, processes and procedures with documented business functional requirements for the redesigned process to ensure efficiency; IT transformation project which will support the re-designed business processes with minimal approval levels, overlaps, redundancies as well as adequate controls; etc. The Managing Director of NEXIM Bank, Mr. Roberts U. Orya sees the ‘A’ rating by AADFI as a well-deserved reward for all the hard work, painstaking commitment and dedication that his executive management team and staff have put into rebuilding an otherwise moribund institution over the past four years. According to him, “The current rating of NEXIM as ‘Best Performing African DFI’ from a negative rating in 2011 by AADFI is a clear testimony that the Corporate Transformation initiative we embarked upon since August 2009 has largely succeeded. The Bankis now better repositioned to deliver on its mandate through more capital injection and other institutional support from our two Shareholders -CBN and Federal Ministry of Finance in terms of supervisory, regulatory oversight and guidance functions. This has increased our capacity to support the growth of the non-oil exports and complement the export boosting activities of commercial banks. In all, we have consist-

ently maintaineda robust strategy, efficient operations through sustenance of highly skilled and motivated personnel.” Continuing, Mr. Orya stated that “…the ultimate plan of the Bank is to invite an international rating agency, may be Standard and Poor or Agusto & Co, or any of such agencies to rate the Bank….ideally, this is the time for such a rating….” In concrete terms, between August 2009 and December 2013, the Bank has supported Nigerian exporters,mainly Small and Medium Enterprises (SME’s) in the MASS sectors, to the tune of N30.99Billion, and issued Guarantees valued at US$27.30Million. In terms of developmental impact to the Nigerian economy, the Bank has through its funding interventions generated/sustained over 21,075 direct jobs, in addition to many indirect jobs and facilitated the generation of estimated US$250.32Million annually in foreign exchange earnings. In line with the strategic objective of building a profitable institution with a robust balance sheet, the Management has ensured an appreciable return on the equity investment of the shareholders. Accordingly a dividend for the 2010 financial year performance was declared and paid, which was the first time since year 2003 when dividend was last paid. Dividend for 2011 has also been declared and paid, while dividend for 2012 will be paid after the approval of the accounts by the CBN. This would make it three years of unbroken profitable performance, whilst fulfilling the Bank’s role as a development finance institution. In other areas of its operation, the Bank, within the period under review,has achieved a cumulative loan recovery of N1.82Billion;designed and rolled out a robust enterprise-widerisk management framework. Chinedu Moghalu contributed this piece and can be reached via: moghaluc@neximbank.com.ng)

Sanusi’s suspension is illegal and unconstitutional Contd from Back Page answer is no. We say no, for two reasons. The first reason is that although the CBN Governor is a public officer in the Public Service of the Federation ( See Section 318 of the Constitution of Nigeria -Interpretation Section- Public service of the Federation-paragraph (f), the Public Service Rules do not govern his appointment. And this is in spite of the audacious provision of Rule 01001 of the Public Service Rules, which says that “the public service rules apply to all officers except where they conflict with specific terms approved by the Federal Government and written into contract of employment or letters of employment“ The CBN is a statutory corporation or agency created by its own Act just like, a Federal University. Every Act establishing a university has a disciplinary procedure for the sanctioning of a lecturer or even a vice chancellor for acts of gross misconduct, at the instance of the governing council. A desperate elopement from the provisions of those legislations and a resort to the public service rules to achieve a desire of an ouster from an office that enjoys a statutory flavour will be illegal. Secondly, even if it is being suggested that in the instant case of the CBN Governor, the rule of suspension from office pending investigation of allegation of act of gross misconduct, as provided by Rules 04302-04306, and 04402 of the Public Service Rules, is the rule that has been invoked by the President, we declare that the President cannot invoke that rule; it is only the Federal Civil Service Commission that can invoke these disciplinary powers. For the avoidance of any doubt, Rule 04305 provides that ” suspension should not be used as a synonym for interdiction. It shall apply where a prima facie case, the nature of which is serious, has been established against an officer, and it is considered necessary in the public interest that he should forthwith be prohibited from carrying on his duties. Pending investigation into the misconduct, the Federal Civil Service Commission or the Permanent Secretary/ Head of Extra Ministerial Department ( if within his delegated powers0 shall forthwith suspend him

from the exercise of the powers and functions of his office and from the enjoyment of his salary“ Every Nigerian should be worried and angry that our President has, again, violated the rule of law because he wants to achieve an end at all cost. Following the alleged leak of the controversial CBN Governor’s Letter to the President, the President reportedly asked the CBN Governor to resign his office. The CBN Governor reportedly refused. And since he would not go willingly, he has to be shoved out. This, we say, is nothing but the rule of force. It is also very instructive that the CBN Governor is being sent packing in the middle of a whistle blowing national assignment regarding the US$ 20.billion out of which the sum of US$ 10.8 billion is agreed by all sides as the amount that NNPC expended without appropriation. The Senate and the House of Representatives are investigating this matter. And Sanusi is the only people’s witness available. He is the antagonist. The others are the protagonists. Why should the President take a preemptive step that is calculated or intended to jeopardize the work of the first arm of government, the legislature? This act of suspension will hamstring the current oversight functions of the legislature. Is the National Assembly expected to take this? The President is not a chief promoter of corruption. The timing of this act of suspension is wrong. The motive is wrong. It is not in the national interest. We are also of the view that the right of the CBN Governor to fair hearing guaranteed by Section 36 (1) of the Constitution has been violated. Section 36 (1) provides that “In the determination of his civil rights and obligations, including any question or determination by or against any government or authority, a person shall be entitled to a fair hearing within a reasonable time by a court or other tribunal established by law and constituted in such manner as to secure its independence and impartiality”. We note that Section 36(2) ( a & b) provides that ” without prejudice to the foregoing provisions of this section, a law shall not be invalidated by reason only that it confers on any government or authority power to determine questions arising in the administration of a

law that affects or may affect the civil rights and obligations of any person if such law – (a) provides for an opportunity for the persons whose rights and obligations may be affected to make representations to the administering authority before that authority makes the decision affecting that person; and (b) contains no provision making the determination of the administering authority final and conclusive.” We submit, , that the President has not cited any law, and he cannot cite any law that has empowered him to suspend the CBN Governor. Thus, Section 36(2) of the Constitution does not apply. There is no provision of any applicable law that allows a temporary suspension of a CBN Governor, pending a final punishment, by the President. Before now it has been widely argued and accepted that the CBN enjoys “statutory autonomy” and “independence”, and that this was deliberately made to be so in the CBN Act No. 7 of 2007 ( Fed. Rep of Nig Official Gazette No.55 Vol. 94 of 1st June 2007), by the legislature, to ensure CBN’s effectiveness in the discharge of its mandate. This statutory autonomy, it has been strongly canvassed, accords with international best practices regarding the structure, corporate governance and operations of central or national banks world-wide.” Section (S) 1 (3) of the Act provides that “in order to facilitate the achievement of its mandate under this Act, and the Banks and other Financial Institutions Act, and in line with the objective of promoting stability and continuity in economic management, the Bank shall be an independent body, in the discharge of its functions” S. 6(3) of the Act states that “the Board ( of Directors of the CBN) shall be responsible for (a) the consideration and approval of annual budget of the Bank, (b) the approval of the audited and management accounts and the consideration of the management letter from the external auditors, (c) the formulation and implementation of the exchange rate policy, and (d) making recommendation to the President for the appointment of auditors in accordance with S. 49 of the Act, the provision of the necessary facilities and the rate of remuneration.” And S.

49 (1&2) states that “the accounts of the Bank shall be audited by the auditor(s) appointed in accordance with the provisions of S. 6 of this Act; and (2) the Auditor-General of the Federation shall conduct an examination of the accounts of the Bank and submit a report thereon relating to the issue, re-issue, exchange and withdrawal of currency notes and coins by the Bank and the Bank shall provide all necessary facilities for the purpose of the examination” It can, therefore, be seen that the CBN, by its enabling law, is not a body that is accountable or responsible to no one. S.8(4) of the Act provides that “ the Governor ( of the CBN) shall appear before the National Assembly at semi-annual hearings as specified in subsection 5 regarding-: (a) effort, activities, objectives and plans of the Board with monetary policy, and (b) economic development and prospects for the future described in the report required in subsection 5(b) of this Section.” S. 8(5) of the Act provides that “the Governor (of the CBN) shall from time to time (a) keep the President, informed of the affairs of the Bank, including a report on its budget and, (b) makes a formal report and presentation on the activities of the Bank and the performance of the economy to the relevant committees of the NA.” And S. 50 (1-2) of the Act provides that “the Bank shall, within two months after the close of each financial year transmit to the NA and the President a copy of its annual accounts certified by the auditor; and a report required to be submitted to the NA and the President shall be copied by the Bank in such manner as the Governor may direct” The CBN Act has ample provisions to make the CBN Governor accountable, and if he abuses his office or powers or is adjudged guilty of misconduct, the due process of law must be followed in sanctioning him. We will not support a corrupt CBN Governor who disregards the due process of law in discharging the duties of his office. But we insist, the President has not followed the due process of law. Mr. Ogunye, a constitutional lawyer, and scholar, is Premium Times Legal Adviser.


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Comments

Winning propaganda war against terrorism By Moshood Isah

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he word Boko Haram is synonymous with terrorism and insurgency in Nigeria. It is so popular in local and international media and also in the print, online and electronic media. A search on the internet will also show pictures of their leaders, their statements, audios and videos that are easily accessible but could invoke fear and trepidation in the mind of the public. While the activities of the group is clearly restricted to about three states in Northern Nigeria: Adamawa, Borno and Yobe, there are erroneous impression as if the activities of the groups are felt in remaining 33 states and Federal Capital Territory Abuja. Probably, in the realisation that the terrorists may be gaining undue publicity, the National Security Adviser (NSA), Col. Sambo Dasuki (rtd) recently inaugurated a forum of Spokespersons in Security and Response Agencies (FOSSRA) whom he charged to be proactive and responsive in public information management. He was reported to have said that the next stage of war on terror should include advocacy and media engagement through accurate, timely and responsible information to dissuade our people from criminal activities as well as to silent the propaganda tools of terrorists.

How come the insurgents have succeeded in their media and propaganda campaigns? The answer is no farfetched: Fear, violent crimes and casualty figures are major ingredients that quench the journalistic instincts for breaking news and lead stories. In achieving such media exposure, within the space of a fortnight, countless lives have been lost to senseless attacks in Konduga, Kauri, Idzge and other villages in Borno and some parts of Adamawa states. The vulnerable citizens continue to remain hapless, even the military personnel are not safe, as some of them were alleged to have been mauled while on national assignments to protect the Nigerians and their fatherland. Concerned over the monumental atrocities committed by insurgents, Governor Kashim Shettima of Borno State in an emotional outburst inadvertently claimed that the sects are more sophisticated and motivated than the Nigerian military. While the politicians and public commentators may continue to condemn the security personnel and others for insensitivity they should be mindful of their wordings that could discourage the military who risking their lives to protect us. It is obvious that the military may have been facing some constraints, by their orientation they don’t go to public to expose any sign of weaknesses even when they courageously challenge criminal ele-

ments and terrorists. The fact that the military are trying to reduce civilian casualties in their battle against the terrorists, the major barricade to their effort is the fact that insurgents always seek refuge in villages and across borders alongside innocent civilians. Thus military personnel are severely constrained, in identifying a suspect from innocent citizens in civilian settlements. Selective engagements in such situations are strenuous and difficult to avoid heavy civilian casualty. Few months ago the military received bashing for the massive operation in Baga fishing community while flushing out the suspected terrorists in Borno state. This and other accusations of extra judicial killings against the military has heavily restricted the

fight against the terrorists. The insurgents seem to be tricky as they simply adapt the strategy of striking and seeking refuge in neighboring countries or mingling with other people in the community. it is practically impossible for the soldiers to fight the sects across border. The international convention laws also restrict them from chasing the insurgents into foreign territories. While the fight against terrorism is being hampered with the presence of civilians in areas being used by members of insurgency as hideouts, those in the authority and the military should devise other strategies towards a success of the war on terror. Nevertheless the government, the media and the citizens must realise that there is no

Thus military personnel are severely constrained, in identifying a suspect from innocent citizens in civilian settlements.

more time to be wasted in blame games. The military needs all the supports and encouragements to wipe the tears of those innocent widows and widowers, fatherless, motherless and deserted communities in the north-east. I strongly support the legislators’ call on the relocation Security Chiefs (army) to most affected state facing the terrorists’ activities. In this vein, more security men will naturally be deployed to flash areas where these heinous, inhuman activities can be checkmated. Although the sects are taking leverage of territorial border laws to perpetrate their crime, the government can seek the cooperation of neighbouring countries on border control. There is therefore the urgent need for the government to explore bilateral security arrangements with its neighbours, especially Chad, Niger Republic and Cameroon on how to tackle the activities of the insurgents around the border areas. As we continue to pray for an end to this senseless carnage, my empathy goes to the hapless citizens and courageous security personnel in the volatile region. The media too have some roles to play to control unnecessary cheap publicity giving to insurgents by their heinous atrocities that send shiver in the spine of even lion-hearted Nigerians and security personnel. Moshood Isah, moshoodpm@gmail.com

Jonathan’s new industrial and power initiatives By Ada Stella Apiafi

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resident Goodluck Jonathan on Tuesday, February 11, 2014, launched the Nigeria Industrial Revolution Plan (NIRP) and the National Enterprise Development Programme (NEDEP). The two programmes, according to the president, were aimed at ushering in a new era of industrial, micro, small and medium enterprises development in Nigeria. Like the President observed, a great economy must be based on a solid industrial sector with well diversified minds and sources of revenue, as well as a vibrant micro and small medium enterprise sector to create jobs and provide leverages. Jonathan had the previous day announced, through his Vice, Namadi Sambo the establishment of a Power Sector Investment Fund to enable players in the industry have access to cheap – long term funds to develop the power sector. The Fund will be contributed by Federal Government, Development Financial Institutions (FDIs) as well as local, global and financial partners. Presently much less than half of the population have access to electricity thus making Nigeria’s per capita electricity generation one

of the lowest in global terms. The President promised that the Federal Government will make initial deposit of N300 billion to the Power Sector Intervention Fund There is no way a country would continue to export cheap basic raw materials such as agricultural products, raw minerals or crude oil only to later import the same materials in the form of refined and manufactured products very expensively and expect to develop materially. It will continue to be technologically and materially inferior and dependent on the producers of those finished products while its citizens wallop in abject poverty. It is in these regards that we at I-Nigerian, the perception transformation initiative group commend President Goodluck Jonathan and his administration for working at literally re-inventing the wheel by taking this courageous move to stimulate the real sector of the economy, which is the surest way of creating jobs and making economic growth meaningful. For some years now, the United Nations and other development agencies have worried about continued economic growth in Nigeria without an impact on the lives of majority of citizens.

Says the President at the launch: “The Nigeria Industrial revolution Plan (NIRP) will fast-track industrialisation, accelerate inclusive economic growth, job creation, transform Nigeria’s business environment and stop the drain on our foreign reserves caused by importing what we can produce locally.” Some of the commendable features of the new initiatives include the objective of ushering in a new era for industrial, micro, small and medium enterprises development in Nigeria; the road map it charts to transform Nigeria’s industrial landscape, boost skills development, enhance job creation and conserve foreign exchange; and its realistic estimates of concentrating on those areas where Nigeria obviously has comparative advantage. Launching the Industrial Revolution Plan, Jonathan promised that the federal government will continue to support local manufacturers by buying vehicles that are made in Nigeria in addition to encourage state governments to support the patronage of made-in-Nigeria products in their states. And even though the power sector has been largely privatised, government cannot

but intervene to strengthen the young and emerging all important nucleus of development to grow into maturity The bold and commendable efforts notwithstanding, it is important to caution that in the drawers and archives of the Presidency, ministries and agencies of both the federal and state governments lay millions of pages of previous plans and reports of committees and groups on way forward for the economy but which have all gathered dust. Personal will, patriotic zeal and the national interest required to see these plans to conclusive and productive ends are what have always been lacking. It is also very important for Nigerians both in leadership and outside of it to learn to be proud of made in Nigeria products. Entrepreneurs will only be encouraged to produce more if their products are consumed and this is the way that the much needed jobs will be created in the country. It is time to stop our propensity to export jobs because of our compulsive appetite for foreign goods. We really commend you Mr President on these efforts. Ada Stella Apiafi National Cordinator I-Nigerian Initiative


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

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Online comments PDP plans to rig 2015 election, el-Rufai alleges Gimba Andrew says: You are not a politician but an adventurer and seem not to have a clear vision and focus. You seem to be confusion and because being a public figure could easily confuse your followers into doing the wrong thing. The way el-Rufai is going these days he is more of an adventurer who having enjoyed public glare wants to perpetuate himself in the consciousness of the public by constantly seeking undue relevance. I honestly think the security service should quiz him on the security matter he has delved into.

whole rather than pursuing regional interests, the north will remain in the woods because these leaders have often failed to use their positions to better their local environments and thus cultivate interest for the broader spectrum of the society. Bashir Funtua says: For your information politics is all about interest. And look at what Goodluck Ebele Jonathan is doing then you will realise that either Jonathan or PDP is planning to counter the APC propaganda with good projects. The GEJ government cannot afford to toy with the North and will do everything necessary and legitimate to capture the North in 2015.

Terrorism: Court slates Feb 28 to ‘Missing’ $20bn: decide Nazeef, Senate demands others’ bail forensic audit on application NNPC report Abdulhakeem says:

Gayu says: The proposal of the minister of finance should be considered. That is the best option at this point to unravel the mystery behind this allegation.

Free her please. Compare what she did with what some people are doing in this country and you will discover that though she is not without guilt, but her sin is clearly negligible

Abdulhakeem says: Constituents May God save us from this evil persons. disown Sokoto Senator over non defection to APC Okonjo-Iweala’s option: Kill Livinus says: Why are politicians always em- Nigerians now

phasizing on regions instead of the general progress of Nigerians? It is sad that so-called big Northern politicians champion parochial interests in the name of their region. Rather than talk of Nigeria they always shamelessly confined their talks to Northern Nigeria while pretending to be nationalists. One truly thinks that unless these Northern elders actually think Nigeria and work meticulously for the

Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala

Mayowa says: Charles, ode ni e!

State of the economy: Reps summon Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala Say It says:

Mal. Nasir el-Rufa’i There is something not quite right in the present face-off. In one’s considered opinion, rather than the minister, it is actually members of the House of Representative Committee on Finance that have questions to answer. If these men and women have their honours intact indeed, they need to demonstrate to Nigerians. First, they need to show reason why they should be taken seriously, and this has to start with them telling us what they wish to achieve with these fifty questions. Yes, they have stated the purpose of these questions, but we know too that these questions raised issues that they themselves are also implicated in. He who comes to justice must come with clean hands, and he who leaves in glass house should never throw stones. While it is true that the minister is the Coordinator of the Economy, it is also true that she is not alone in ensuring that the economy does not go to the dogs. The House of Representatives, through its Committee on Finance, ought to have realized that Nigerians are not fools and cannot be hoodwinked into shifting blames for the porous state of the economy to the Finance Minister alone. How accountable are these men? How have they been expending the monies allocated to them for

Alh. Ibrahim Saminu Turaki

Gov. Rauf Aregebesola constituency projects and oversight functions? What can they say about the humongous amount being paid out to them every month in salaries and other emoluments, the bulk of which forms part of our recurrent expenditure? Can these men, in all honesty wash themselves clean of the hushed allegation making the round that they routinely collect bribe in order to approve ministry budgets and other spending?

Hijab, a fundamental right of female Muslims – Women group Owners says: The Muslim women have the right to wear Hijab in Muslims and public school, but not in Baptist Mission schools. Both Muslims and Christians in Osun have the fundamental right to worship and be educated in their respective religious ways. Sadly, Gov Aregbesola seems to have deliberately created unnecessary tension insisting on things that ought not to be thereby provoking believers from the different faith that

Dr. Nazeef Yunus

had co-existed together mutually for years. Ima le force that Aregbesola employed will at the end of the day backfire on him.

Jigawa PDP set to receive Saminu Turaki Musa O. Moses says: He is of no electoral value.

Playing ostrich with the war in the North-east Abdullah Musa says: It is apparent that there are many problems that we obviously don’t have answers for or that we are not ready to seek for answers. Boko Haram and Al qaeda fall into such categories. One finds it incomprehensible that a national army can be incapacitated by people who, possibly, were never in the Boy Scouts. Terrorism is a tool. The sculptors have chosen to be hidden. But the scourge is mostly faith-based and in North East.


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Focus

Why people get offensive body odour

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harles Peter is heartbroken because his girlfriend, Linda Joel, left him. But that’s a routine thing these days. However, Linda’s reason for leaving Charles is rather odd, not just ordinary. She left him because she could no longer endure his offensive body odour, Charles himself said. On several occasions, Linda had complained about the odour but Peter’s efforts at getting rid of the smell failed to impress her. It was a nightmare to him and nauseating to her. Leaving him to his fate was only natural. Offensive body odour therefore the asunder what had been yoked together. Funny as it may sound, Peter’s plight is not extraordinary. This is because several persons are afflicted as it were with this problem. They distaste, spurn and loathe themselves all in vain. And so, they subject themselves to several orthodox and unorthodox means to rid themselves of the odour. They spend a lot of money on offensive-odour killing perfumes and deodorants, all in an attempt to suppress the bad odour and smell nice and retain friendships. At least they know their problem and so opted to tackle it headlong even if the effort is ineffective. However, observers note that most of the people who have offensive body odour are not even aware of their condition. For instance, Grace Martin, a civil servant, said that people always complained that she had an offensive body odour which she was not mindful of. “My colleagues will spray air freshener and complain about a foul smell anytime I enter the office, and people don’t like to sit close to me. “Some persons tell me that l have body odour because I was not properly washed when I was born; so, I use perfume but after a short time, the smell comes up again,” she said. However, some people believe that body odour occurs because of the dirty habits of affected individ-

Someone mopping sweat from his face

uals, while others believe that it is the aftermath of unhygienic childbirth management. These conflicting viewpoints notwithstanding, experts insist that body odour can be managed. Olanrewaju Falodun, a consultant dermatologist at the National Hospital, Abuja, said that the belief that some people were born with body odour was totally false. According to him, body odour is caused by the breaking down of bacteria in the sweat, resulting in the emission of offensive odour. “There are two types of sweat glands in the body; the eccrine gland, found all over the body, and the apocrine gland, found primarily in the ancillary (armpit) and genital areas. “The two sweat glands are usually connected to hair follicles, and much of the thing we call body odour is a product of the apocrine gland. “The glands do not mature or start functioning until when a person reaches the age of puberty, and that is why the real issues about odour are more pronounced after puberty,” he said.

The glands do not mature or start functioning until when a person reaches the age of puberty, and that is why the real issues about odour are more pronounced after puberty

Sweat-soaked lady Mr. Falodun said body odour could be managed or prevented via diligent maintenance and cleanliness of the body, as well as use of deodorants and antiperspirants. He also underscored the need to wash clothes thoroughly, particularly those that come in contact with sweaty parts of the body, such as socks, underwear and shirts. “Wash the body with soap daily, particularly the armpits, groin and feet, where there are many sweat-producing glands; this removes sweat and kills the bacteria,” he said. Mr. Falodun said that people should recognise the types of products that they could use in fighting body odour, stating the difference between perfumes, deodorants and antiperspirants. “Deodorants are anti-bacterial and their main function is preventing the metabolism and multiplication of the bacteria that cause body odour in the skin under the armpit,” he noted. The dermatologist said that antiperspirants, which could aid efforts to stop a person from sweating, were different from deodorants and perfumes. He said that people used perfumes with deodorants or antiperspirants to improve their smell after the foul body odour had been eliminated. “Antiperspirants work by clogging, closing, or blocking the pores in the body with aluminium chemicals, so that they cannot release sweat which could be harmful. “However, there are instances where people developed boils from the use of antiperspirants because by the time pores and hair follicles become clogged, infections occur and this leads to boils in the armpit,” he warned. Mr. Falodun, however, recommended deodorants for fighting body odour, insisting that they did not interfere with sweat. He added that deodorants had been scientifically recognised as one of the natural ways of cooling the body. Also, Rita Uzor, a general phy-

sician, suggested good personal hygiene and regular physical exercises as the best treatment for body odour. She said that regular bathing and physical exercises could aid efforts to remove toxins and fungi that caused body odour. Ms. Uzor re-echoed Mr. Falodun’s viewpoint that some parts of the body, like the armpits and genitals, were prone to emission of body odour. According to her, although body odour is a problem that affects both sexes, men sweat more than women. “This is because they are highly active in nature but the smell differs from person to person,” she said. Ms. Uzor noted that the consumption of garlic, onions and strong spices, which contained strong chemicals, could also cause body odour. “But the body odour usually disappears once you take a shower or a bath but it can return if you put on unwashed clothes,” she said. She noted that low blood sugar, liver disease, diabetes,

Many people sweat frequently; and a handful of them simply pull off their clothes, only to wear them a second time without washing; offensive odour from the unwashed clothes could become permanent in this way

parasites, metabolic dysfunction, menopause and emotional stress, among others, could also cause excessive sweating. “Regular exercises which could generate sweating can get rid of body toxins, bacteria and fungi that contribute to the emission of body odour. “Sweating enables the body to maintain normal body temperature and function at its maximum capacity,” she noted. Ms. Uzor advised people with offensive body odour to improve their personal hygiene by bathing with anti-bacterial soap. Lois Obiekezie, a general physician, urged the public, particularly women, to ensure cleanliness as a strategy to eliminate body odour. She noted that wearing of dirty clothes could result in body odour, explaining that most dirty clothes were coated with sweat. “Many people sweat frequently; and a handful of them simply pull off their clothes, only to wear them a second time without washing. Offensive odour from the unwashed clothes could become permanent in this way. “Some other body odours are natural, arising from chemical reactions in the body sometimes, these occur in children below 15 years. “The chemical reactions have to do with body hormones, and individuals with natural body odours. They should bathe regularly so as to avoid retaining sweat that could aggravate the odours,” she said. Ms. Obiekezie urged the public, especially women, to give attention to washing the private parts of their body during bathing, insisting that failure to properly clean up the parts would lead to offensive odour Overal, the experts urge the people to make pragmatic efforts to get rid of offensive body odour via the adoption of clean habits and structured lifestyles. (NANFeatures)


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Entertainment Xtra

Why do artists on same record labels always fall out? T

here is no doubt that Kcee and Harrysong have been beneficial to each other. Harrysong it was who composed Limpopo that Kcee recorded to tremendous success. And in appreciation, Kcee signed him to his record label, Five Star Music, and takes him around to his shows and other engagements and he has thereby enjoyed the sort of popularity he hasn’t since he’s been in music. But being on the same label and competitors as well is now testing their relationship. Harrysong has always been deemed to be promising. He’s a producer, songwriter, singer, multi-instrumentalist and voice coach. Proof that greatness resides in him is that he penned the monster hit, Limpopo, the implication of which is that he can write another successful song like Limpopo. Being responsible for Kcee’s success, there is also the implication that he can eventually be more successful than Kcee whom has always been criticised as not being a really good musician and only earned some little music respect courtesy of Limpopo. So, as things stand right now, Kcee is subtly suppressing Harrysong. Though they are on the same label, Harrysong is not getting the treatment Kcee does. While Kcee shoots most of his own music videos outside Nigeria, Harrysong’s are being shot in Nigeria with directors who are not yet critically and commercially acclaimed. It wouldn’t be really inappropriate therefore to say that Kcee is scared of packaging Harrysong in the right manner so that he doesn’t outshine him consequently. They are not the first artists to be in this unhealthy situation, though. As a matter of fact, it’s one of the common trends in the music industry: established artists suppressing promising artists on their labels so the promising ones don’t become more popular than them. Another case like that which the spotlight focused on for some time was that of D’Banj and Wande Coal while they were still on the defunct Mo’Hits Records. Not only was D’Banj Mo’ Hits biggest artist, he was also co-owner of the label and it is believed that Coal’s seeming inability to release his sophomore album two years after his highly successful 2008 debut, Mushin 2 Mo’ Hits, was

because D’Banj was against it. Accepted that D’Banj was established and recognised, Coal was however coming up so fast that his success could have consumed D’Banj and the successful release of his sophomore album then might have made that come to pass so D’Banj is believed to have blocked its release. Now that D’Banj and Coal are no longer on the same label, his younger brother, Kayswitch who is on his new label, DB Records, is believed to be feeling the suppression antics. It is generally accepted that Kayswitch is a bundle of talents and that he is even more talented than D’Banj. However, D’Banj is in control and the decisions he is taking are those that will keep Kayswitch

Dbanj

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Wande Coal in his shadow. Accepted, he is Kayswitch’s mentor and Kayswitch is popular today because of D’Banj’s influence and efforts. However, it has gotten to the point whereby Kayswitch should have released his debut album. There is no word on that, however, and Kayswitch will remain in D’Banj’s shadow until his album frees him Another popular recent example involves P-Square and May D. One day, they announced that they had signed May D to their Square Records, featured him on their hit track, Chop My Money, featured him in the

May D video of the remix with Akon and then one day, they suddenly announced that they had dropped him unceremoniously from Square Records. There was however no concrete reason given for dropping him. Later, their manager, Jude Okoye, said they had to let him go because he wanted to be more successful than P-Square, thereby confirming that PSquare began to see him as a threat to them due to his rising popularity and success courtesy of their influence. Still another example is Skelewu singer, Davido, and his cousins, B-Red and Sina Rambo,

that he signed to his label, HKN Music. He hasn’t really made much effort to promote their careers and even works against them by releasing songs when they do so that the public focus still ends up on him. He however tweeted earlier this week that he’ll focus this year on the success of his artists and label as he’s not the only artist on the label who must be successful but all of them. Well, everyone is waiting to see if he’ll stay true to his words. The bottomline is that artists stay successful when they don’t have really serious competition. And if an artist faces serious

competition from an artist he can suppress, you can bet that he will. And when that becomes the case, the suppressed artist will start fighting for his right and might even leave the label. May D is doing well on his own, likewise Wande Coal, and B-Red and Sina Rambo are believed to have threatened Davido last year that they want to leave his label. Will this be the eventual outcome between the Limpopo master, Kcee, and his artist who is responsible for his success and who has the potential to eventually be bigger than him? Let’s wait and see.


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Archive Istanbul, the only city between two continents

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nstanbul, formerly Constantinople, city in northwestern Turkey, the only city in the world that sits astride two continents—Europe and Asia. İstanbul is the largest city in Turkey and the country’s chief commercial and cultural center. With the finest natural harbor in the region, it is also an important trade hub. The city is the capital of İstanbul Province, which is bounded on the north by the Black Sea, on the south and southwest by the Sea of Marmara, on the east by Kocaeli Province, and on the west by Tekirdağ Province. The Bosporous, a narrow strait that links the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara, separates İstanbul’s European and Asian sections. İstanbul has a temperate climate, with warm summers and mild winters, making it a popular vacation spot. Precipitation varies from an average of 33 mm (1.3 in) in summer to an average of 107 mm (4.2 in) in winter. The city is prone to earthquakes, some of which have caused severe damage. İstanbul was founded in the 7th century BC as Byzantium. In the 4th century AD it was renamed Constantinople by Roman emperor Constantine the Great. The city served as the capital of the Byzantine Empire until it was captured by the Ottomans in the 15th century and made the capital of the Ottoman Empire. The Ottomans called the city İstanbul for centuries, but it was not until 1930, seven years after Turkey gained independence, that İstanbul became its official name. According to some sources, the name İstanbul is derived from the Greek term stin poli, meaning “to the city” or “in the city.”

Hagia Sophia in İstanbul Hagia Sophia (Church of the Holy Wisdom) was commissioned by Byzantine Emperor Justinian I for his capital Constantinople (now İstanbul, Turkey) and designed by the architects Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles. Completed in ad 537, it represents the most influential example of early Byzantine architecture. After the conquest of Constantinople by the Ottomans in 1453, Hagia Sophia was turned into an Islamic mosque. The four minarets were added to the building in the 16th century.

Topkapi Palace, Aerial View Topkapi Palace in İstanbul was built over several centuries at the tip of a peninsula overlooking the Bosporous, the Sea of Marmara, and the Golden Horn. Successive sultans added buildings, courtyards, gardens, gates, and pavilions to create an enormous complex.

Topkapı Palace An intricate maze of domed pavilions forms the resplendent Topkapı Palace in İstanbul. Topkapı was constructed on the site of an ancient arsenal in 1462. Over the years, a succession of sultans added their own buildings to the complex. Today, Topkapı is perhaps best known for the priceless jewels housed in its treasury.

Blue Mosque, İstanbul The Blue Mosque in İstanbul, Turkey, was inaugurated in 1616 by Sultan Ahmet I, and was built by Mehmet Aga, a student of the famous Ottoman architect, Sinan. It is known as the Blue Mosque because of the exquisite blue Iznik tiles that cover the interior walls. The mosque’s serene courtyard is completely enclosed by a covered arcade.

Hagia Sophia, İstanbul Hagia Sophia (Church of the Holy Wisdom) was built in Constantinople (now İstanbul) between 532 and 537 under the auspices of Emperor Justinian I. Innovative Byzantine technology allowed architects Anthemius of Tralles and Isidore of Miletus to design a basilica with an immense dome over an open, square space, pictured. The original dome fell after an earthquake and was replaced in 563. The church became a mosque after the Ottoman conquest of 1453, and is now a museum.

Harem, Topkapi Palace Topkapi Palace in İstanbul was the main residence of the Ottoman sultans. The sultan’s private quarters were in the harem, where his family resided. A large hall in the harem is shown here.

Grand Bazaar in İstanbul, Turkey Shoppers crowd İstanbul’s famous Grand Bazaar (Kapalı Çarşı), a covered market that includes more than 4,000 shops, banks, restaurants, and mosques. During Ottoman rule, the bazaar was an important center for the trade in jewelry and gold. The market gradually expanded as roofs and walls were extended to permit comfortable trade in all weather conditions.


Great Speeches

PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

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Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948) In the first half of the 20th century, Mohandas K. Gandhi was one of the leaders of India’s struggle to gain independence from Britain. To achieve this goal, he advocated a policy of nonviolent noncooperation with Britain’s systems and laws. In 1922 the British government arrested Gandhi for his role in the civil disobedience that was sweeping India. Gandhi pleaded guilty in Ahmadābād on March 23 but stated that his acts against the unjust legal authority were the highest duty of a citizen. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born in Porbandar in the present state of Gujarāt on October 2, 1869, and educated in law at University College, London. In 1891, after having been admitted to the British bar, Gandhi returned to India and attempted to establish a law practice in Bombay (now Mumbai), with little success. Two years later an Indian firm with interests in South Africa retained him as legal adviser in its office in Durban. Arriving in Durban, Gandhi found himself treated as a member of an inferior race. He was appalled at the widespread denial of civil liberties and political rights to Indian immigrants to South Africa. He threw himself into the struggle for elementary rights for Indians. Mahatma Gandhi: ‘Non-Violence Is the First Article of My Faith’

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on-violence is the first article of my faith. It is the last article of my faith. But I had to make my choice. I had either to submit to a system which I considered has done an irreparable harm to my country or incur the risk of the mad fury of my people bursting forth when they understood the truth from my lips. I know that my people have sometimes gone mad. I am deeply sorry for it; and I am therefore, here, to submit not to a light penalty but to the highest penalty. I do not ask for mercy. I do not plead any extenuating act. I am here, therefore, to invite and submit to the highest penalty that can be inflicted upon me for what in law is a deliberate crime and what appears to me to be the highest duty of a citizen. The only course open to you, Mr Judge, is, as I am just going to say in my statement, either to resign your post or inflict on me the severest penalty if you believe that the system and law you are assisting to administer are good for the people. I do not expect that kind of conversion. But by the time I have finished with my statement you will, perhaps, have a glimpse of what is raging within my breast to run this maddest risk which a sane man can run. Little do town-dwellers know how the semi-starved masses of Indians are slowly sinking to lifelessness. Little do they know that their miserable comfort represents the brokerage they get for the work they do for the foreign exploiter, that the profits and the brokerage are

sucked from the masses. Little do they realize that the government established by law in British India is carried on for this exploitation of the masses. No sophistry, no jugglery in figures can explain away the evidence the skeletons in many villages present to the naked eye. I have no doubt whatsoever that both England and the town-dwellers of India will have to answer, if there is a God above, for this crime against humanity which is perhaps unequalled in history. The law itself in this country has been used to serve the foreign exploiter. My experience of political cases in India leads me to the conclusion that in nine out of every ten the condemned men were totally innocent. Their crime consisted in love of their country. In ninety-nine cases out of a hundred, justice has been denied to Indians as against Europeans in the courts of India. This is not an exaggerated picture. It is the experience of almost every Indian who has had anything to do with such cases. In my opinion the administration of the law is thus prostituted consciously or unconsciously for the benefit of the exploiter. he greatest misfortune is that Englishmen and their Indian associates in the administration of the country do not know that they are engaged in the crime I have attempted to describe. I am satisfied that many English and Indian officials honestly believe that they are administering one of the best systems devised in the world and that India is making steady though slow progress. They do not know that a subtle but effective system of terrorism and an organized display of force on the one

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Mohandas Gandhi in South Africa While practicing law in South Africa, Mohandas Gandhi, center, led Indians there in a struggle for equal rights. In the process Gandhi developed a policy of nonviolent resistance, which he later upheld in leading India’s movement for independence from Britain.

Mohandas Gandhi Indian nationalist leader Mohandas Gandhi spent his life campaigning for human rights in India. His strategy was to use a combination of passive resistance to and noncooperation with the British, who ruled India. Gandhi said his techniques were inspired by the Russian writer Leo Tolstoy, by American writer Henry David Thoreau, and by the teachings of Jesus Christ. In 1947 Gandhi’s pacifist efforts brought an end to British rule in India. hand and the deprivation of all powers of retaliation or self-defence on the other have emasculated the people and induced in them the habit of simulation. This awful habit has added to the ignorance and the self-deception of the administrators. Section 124-A under which I am happily charged is perhaps the prince among the political sections of the Indian Penal Code designed to suppress the liberty of the citizen. Affection cannot be manufactured or regulated by law. If one has no affection for a person or thing one should be free to give the fullest expression to his disaffection so long as he does not contemplate, promote or incite to violence. But the section under which Mr [Shankarlal] Banker [a volunteer who worked with Gandhi] and I are charged is one under which mere promotion of disaffection is a crime. I have studied some of the cases tried under it, and I know that some of the most loved of India’s patriots have been convicted under it. I consider it a privilege, therefore, to be charged under it. I have endeavoured to give in their briefest outline the reasons for my disaffection. I have no personal ill-will against any single administrator, much less can I have any disaffection towards the King’s person. But I hold it to be a virtue to be disaffected towards a government which in its totality has done more harm to India than any previous system. India is less manly under the British rule than she ever was before. Holding such a belief, I consider it to be a sin to have affection for the system. And it has been

a precious privilege for me to be able to write what I have in the various articles tendered in evidence against me. In fact I believe that I have rendered a service to India and England by showing in non-cooperation the way out of the unnatural state in which both are living. In my humble opinion, non-cooperation with evil is as much a duty as is cooperation with good. But in the past, non-cooperation has been deliberately expressed in violence to the evildoer. I am endeavouring to show to my countrymen that violent non-cooperation only multiplies evil and that as evil can only be sustained by violence, withdrawal of support of evil requires complete abstention from violence. Non-violence implies voluntary submission to the penalty for noncooperation with evil. I am here, therefore, to invite and submit cheerfully to the highest penalty that can be inflicted upon me for what in law is deliberate crime and what appears to me to be the highest duty of a citizen. The only course open to you, the Judge and the Assessors, is either to resign your posts and thus dissociate yourselves from evil if you feel that the law you are called upon to administer is an evil and that in reality I am innocent, or to inflict on me the severest penalty if you believe that the system and the law you are assisting to administer are good for the people of this country and that my activity is therefore injurious to the public weal. Source: The Penguin Book of Historic Speeches. MacArthur,


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

PAGE 46

International

International rifts widen over Ukraine

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he bloodshed in Ukraine carries the risk of intensifying rifts, both internally and internationally. Inside Ukraine, even if the protests are more complex and interwoven than a neat divide between East and West, the violence could easily radicalise people, pulling them in different directions. Internationally, too, a chasm is opening between Russia and Western powers, with potentially broad repercussions. It may not be entirely clear who is to blame for inflaming the situation this time, but the responses from major powers, East and West, represent a stark divergence. The Kremlin has allied itself unequivocally with President Viktor Yanukovych. The Russian foreign ministry described the violence as an “attempted coup d’etat” and demanded that opposition leaders in Ukraine “stop the bloodshed”. President Vladimir Putin has been in touch with Mr Yanukovych by phone. Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov was careful to insist that the Russian president did not offer advice, but added that Ukraine was a “friendly brotherly state and a strategic partner” and Russia would use all of its influence to restore peace and order. By contrast, Western leaders

have sided with the opposition. In the United States, the focus has been on trying to persuade Mr Yanukovych to pull back government forces and exercise restraint. US Vice-President Joe Biden reportedly got through to him on the phone, and suggested he bore special responsibility to “de-escalate” the situation and address the protestors’ “legitimate grievances”. Sanctions imposed European Union foreign ministers have meanwhile agreed to impose sanctions on Ukrainian officials “responsible for violence and excessive force”. Swedish Foreign Minister Carl Bildttweetedon Thursday that asset freezes and travel bans would be adopted “as a matter of urgency”. At least 21 anti-government protesters died in clashes in Kiev on Thursday. Officials said that one policeman had also died and that 67 police had been captured by protesters. EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton said the “prime responsibility” to get talks between the two sides under way lay with President Viktor Yanukovych. Speaking after an emergency meeting of EU foreign minsters in

Protesters clash with riot police in Kiev’s independence square Brussels, she said ministers had expressed their “dismay” at the latest violence and had agreed to “suspend export licences for equipment for internal repression”. Implementation of the measures “will be taken forward in light of developments in Ukraine”, she added.

Korean man meets brother after 64 years of separation

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bout 170 estranged relatives from North and South Korea are meeting each other in planned family reunions that started on Thursday for the first time in more than six decades. The chosen individuals about half from each side - will bring their families to a North Korean tourist site, where they’ll spend a few days together. It is the first time in three years that cross-border family reunions have been held. One man attending the reunions, Mr Lee was 12 years old the last time he could buy presents for his brother. Since they were separated, 64 birthdays have come and gone. Now the gifts he is taking to meet him are those for an old man battling North Korea’s harsh winter cold. Softly-spoken “It’s colder up north, so I’ve bought him a winter coat, and some thermal underwear,” Mr

Lee told me, as he laid out the presents on his living room floor. “And I heard that South Korean chocolate biscuits are sought-after treats there, so I’m going to buy him some of those and some medicines as well.” Mr Lee’s brother was just a teenager when he was taken by the North Korean army during the Korean War. He remembers him as being softly-spoken and very kind. But the family has been apart so long that his older brother got Mr Lee’s first name wrong on the application form. “It’s not a very good sign, is it?” joked his wife, who has spent 50 years hearing stories about her missing brother-inlaw. “I never dreamt that I would be meeting him in person,” she said. “It’s one of the best gifts I’ve ever received in my life. It’s overwhelming.” ‘No regrets’

Family members in an emotional farewell

Her husband struggles to find words to sum up his emotions. “It’s hard for people to understand what it’s like when you’ve been separated so long,” he said, “but it’s a true miracle; I’m so elated. All that was missing in my life was my brother, and now that I can see him again, I’d have no regrets whatsoever if I were to die tomorrow.” Footage of previous reunions shows the powerful poignancy of meeting family again after a lifetime has gone by. But the lucky few participants at these events get just nine hours to spend with their long-lost siblings, children or uncles. The advice given to South Korean relatives is to make a list of suitable conversation topics: “Avoid all talk of politics or economic hardship in the North,” the advice sheet says, “and if your family members break into propaganda songs, don’t join in.” ‘Dwindling hope’ UN sanctions also ban South Koreans from bringing in luxury items like expensive watches or electronic goods for their relatives. Mr Lee says he just wants to know what happened to his brother, and to thank him for being alive. But for everyone like him, there are thousands still waiting in South Korea with dwindling hope. The Red Cross has more than 70,000 applicants on its waiting list, and half of them are over 80. Since the last reunion took place three years ago, many others have died without meeting their relatives.

Rickety diplomatic bridge There are good reasons for Mr Putin not to be seen to get involved in any wider security crackdown in Ukraine. Experience has shown that interventions by Moscow, whether political, economic or otherwise, tend to intensify any back-

lash against Russian influence. What happens in Ukraine next may depend more on attempts at mediation by former Ukrainian politicians and powerful local oligarchs, desperate to avoid worsening violence. But internationally the tensions could still reverberate.

Lebanon dances into the abyss as Syria conflict crosses border

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ebanon is hosting around a million refugees from the conflict in Syria, which means that one in four people in the country are Syrian. But the impact on Syria’s neighbour goes well beyond a humanitarian crisis, writes the Kim Ghattas. The pictures of Hezbollah’s martyrs hang from the lampposts and balcony railings. They are plastered on walls and car windshields. The men died not fighting Israel - Hezbollah’s arch enemy - but supporting the forces of its ally President Bashar al-Assad, across the border in Syria. The southern suburbs of Beirut, a predominantly Shia area, are Hezbollah’s support base. The area is often referred to as a ‘’stronghold’’ of the radical Shia Islamist militant group. The term conjures up images of dark alleys and military installations, devoid of civilian life. But it is more of a middle-class suburb, bustling with traffic, cafes and shops, with expensive cars parked outside buildings. Women clad in black veils or in tight jeans and bands of teenagers walk around. But Hezbollah is feeling nervous about security these days and they are in charge here. Gun-toting men in black are manning check-points at every entrance to the area. They guard buildings containing Hezbollah offices, stop people from parking on the street and question anyone who looks like an outsider. The party is paying the price for its role fighting to support Mr Assad across the border. Militant groups linked to alQaeda have taken revenge and

several bombings have rocked this area, killing civilians in the last few months. ‘Takfiris’ One of them was 17-year-old Ali Khadra. He was on his way to the pharmacy after lunch on 2 January when a green Jeep packed with explosives parked along his route exploded, two blocks from his house. His mother Hanane and brother Mohammed agree to talk to me just days after the tragedy hit their family. The meeting is arranged by Hezbollah’s media office. In the hushed silence of a house in mourning, Hanane tells me she is not angry but felt her heart burning from the loss of her son. “Everybody in the family liked him. And he was always a forgiving son - calm, friendly and loved,” she says of Ali, who had wanted to become an engineer. Hanane blames radical Sunni groups for killing her son, but I know there was tension in the community because of Hezbollah’s role in Syria, so I ask her if this would have happened if the party was not fighting there. Hanane’s response is emphatic. Hezbollah is not to blame, radical Sunnis long had their eyes on Lebanon and they started this, she says. She is keen to stress that she has nothing against Sunnis, telling me how the first phone-call of condolences she got was from the mother of a young Sunni who had been killed a few weeks earlier in another car bombing. The Sunni radicals - known as “takfiris”, or those who see other Muslims as non-believers - are a threat to Sunnis, Christians and Shia alike, Hanane adds.


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Job Ethics

Ways you may unknowingly ruin your professional reputation G

ood professional reputation is one of the most important criteria by which many employees achieve their goals. Nevertheless, some mistakes in behavior that can permanently damage the opinion about a worker are also quite common and may become an obstacle to the career promotion. What qualities and habits are worth paying attention to be sure of your own success and build a good relationship with the team? Professional reputation depends not only on the quality of the work performed, but also on the behavior and character of the employee. 1. Missed deadlines What boss will like your unpunctuality or late delivery of the material? Even if your job is done well, do not be surprised that you are no longer offered promising projects. Always responsibly perform your work duties - this is the first rule that will climb you to the top of the career ladder. 2. Intemperate character In each working team sometimes there are situations that can to anger and even cause a conflict. However, you should try not to show bad sides of you character, do not be rude with your colleagues and or use personal insults. In any case, almost all the employees prefer to deal with friendly and responsive co-workers. 3. Untruthful information Pointing out false information in the resume (e.g. exaggerated size of the previous salary or incorrect professional achievements), many job seekers are hoping to get a better offer from the prospective employer. However, it should be noted that quite a number of executives prefer to check information about future employees (alone or with the help of the security services). Even if you made a mistake

Whiling away time leads to missed deadlines being already an employee of the company, in any case, do not lie to your boss - it is better to admit your fault and promise to solve it soon. 4. Do not keep promises Despite the fact that to keep promises is not always easy, it is worth remembering that business reputation very often depends on this factor. Can you gain the trust of

the colleagues or management, if, for example, you’ve promised to send the report to the end of the working week, but actually forgot to do it? It is impossible to build good relationships with people if you simply do not fulfill your obligations. It is difficult enough to reach a positive professional authority, but at the same time it is very easy to lose it and spoil the impression about yourself.

5. Do not respond to emails Many employees make a pretty common mistake assuming that the answer to an email is not necessary if you want to deny a person or to show that you are very busy. In the best case, colleagues will consider that you have not received their message, and at worst – they will be sure that you avoid them in such a rude manner. Always find time to answer your interlocutor, because in this way you express your respect for the person. 6. Inappropriate jokes Of course, sometimes good humour can lighten the mood or defuse the tense working atmosphere. However, always make sure that your statements will not harm you or offend the feelings of another colleague. Reputation of an office clown can slow down your career promotion and result disrespect or distrustful relationship with other employees. 7. Frequent job change

“ Quarrelling with the boss in the office

Frequent change of work is one of the surest ways to ruin your professional reputation in a short period of time. Think, will the head hire an employee that change a job practically every month? If you are sure that the position is not suitable for you, it is better to continue to seek alternative. However, if you just look for better working conditions and accept the new job offer at the earliest opportunity, you should not expect a rapid career growth. Moreover, thus you harm yourself wasting time of not only your employer, who may have invested resources in your learning and introduced you to clients of the company, but missing a good opportunity to find a stable job and income. Responsible performance of your work duties, respect for colleagues, keeping promises and certainty in your own choice – all these and other factors will help build a successful career.

It is impossible to build good relationships with people if you simply do not fulfill your obligations. It is difficult enough to reach a positive professional authority, but at the same time it is very easy to lose it and spoil the impression about yourself.


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Business Extra

Where marketing ends, branding begins

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o you’ve got a business and you’re ready to push your branding efforts online. The first question you encounter is “How do I go about with branding?” What I’ve noticed from my years of experience in online marketing is that you probably think branding involves the following: ● Logos, color schemes, and website design – What should my logo be? What colors represent my business best? How do I go about with my web design? ● Brand mentions, links, and social popularity – I have to be as visible online as possible, because this promotes brand recall ● SERPs visibility, ad campaigns, and other promotional efforts If you answered any of the above, then you’re looking at branding the wrong way. The items I mentioned are all marketing tools and strategies, and they only scratch the surface of branding. What’s the difference between marketing and branding? Marketing is the set of processes and tools promoting your business. This includes SEO, social media, PPC, local search, mobile, and traditional promotional methods and tools. Branding, on the other hand, is the culture itself, the message that permeates and rules all the process of your business. Common Misconceptions about Branding Mixing up marketing and branding is only one of the most common misconceptions about branding that you will encounter. Many businesses and marketers handling branding tasks also make the following misconceptions: Misconception #1: Branding is marketing / advertising / promotion / anything to that effect. As mentioned earlier, this is a misconception because branding goes deeper than marketing. Marketing, advertising, and other promotional activities only communicate your brand personality and message. Your brand is comprised of your personality, your voice, and your message; branding is the process of establishing these traits. Misconception #2: You are the ultimate authority when it comes to your brand. This is a very common misconception, especially among first-time business owners. The truth is while you set the tone and get the ball rolling so to speak, and you set the guidelines that your organization will follow and live by as they work with your brand, this does not automatically make you the ultimate brand authority. Your customers are the ones who ultimately define your brand. Their perception of your brand is what sticks with the people they

influence. This is why it’s very important to select your brand values carefully; otherwise, your brand may be taken the wrong way – or worse, it may fail when you don’t see repeat customers. Misconception #3: There exists a formula for success when it comes to branding. Just because everything in online marketing can be measured doesn’t mean everything has a formula. No two companies are alike. While a similar process for developing a brand may work for businesses in the same field, for example, these businesses will still have unique identities and needs. The truth is that there is no formula – branding is and will always be a customized experience. The good news is you can measure the success of your brand easily. What you should look at in this case is the behavior and the interests of your target audience. Branding the Right Way In order to create and establish a strong brand, you’ll need to ask the most fundamental questions behind its development. Before you begin to plan your online marketing strategies, you need to do the following first: Establish Your Purpose The first thing you need to clarify is why you do what you do. You won’t get the answers right away – you’ll need to ask yourself why several times before you get to the root purpose, the very core of your business. Start with questions like: • Why did I build this business? • Why do I want to help out this specific group of people? • Why does it matter to me that these things get done? As you keep going, note the answers you are giving each “why” – these answers will form your purpose. Walt Disney answers this question very well, and is a good example of a company that knows why they exist: they want to bring joy to children everywhere. This

permeates everything that they do. Choose Your Personality and Voice After asking why you do what you do, ask yourself: What is my brand? This will help begin to shape your brand, becoming a skeleton on which you will attach the rest of the ideas, values, and messages. At this stage of brand building, ask yourself the following: • What kind of voice do I want to use for my brand? • How do I want to be perceived – do I want to be approachable and casual, corporate and formal, etc.? • Will I be able to stay true to this identity throughout the existence of this brand? The last question is specifically important because your audiences will be looking for a solid, consistent identity. Your ability to stay true to your brand is one of the most important elements that will earn you customer loyalty. Outline Your Values Once you finish asking yourself what you are, it’s time to ask yourself “Who am I?” The values that you get from the previous step will define who you are as a brand. List these down and define these values in light of your business. Zappos does a great job of outlining and defining their values. They have ten core values that they live by, and if you go through their blogs and their website, you’ll see these values permeating every process they have. You’ll also notice the people following these values to heart, from the blog posts, to their performance, to their customer service. Defining a good, solid set of values will help you become consistent and serve as your company’s guiding principles for work. Define Your Culture Your integrity as an organization depends heavily on the culture you cultivate in your business. Happy employees are productive, passionate, and cohesive, making your busi-

Your integrity as an organization depends heavily on the culture you cultivate in your business. Happy employees are productive, passionate, and cohesive, making your business stronger and your processes more easily manageable.

ness stronger and your processes more easily manageable. This is why it’s important to establish what kind of culture you want to nurture in your establishment. Google’s culture is very famous for encouraging creativity and innovation by giving their employees time and resources to explore new things. Their 80/20 policy had paved the way for innovations like Google Glass and Android. Although it is not being implemented as a policy anymore, their engineers are still encouraged to take on side projects that allow them to innovate. You can see how the culture lives on despite the fact that the policy has been removed – that’s the power of culture. Communicate Your Brand to Your Audience Finally, you get to the point where marketing comes in – you now have to decide how you want to raise awareness about your brand. The previous steps, combined with market research and analysis, will play a huge role in determining how and where you communicate your brand to reach your target audience effectively. The following will be the most important points to discuss when planning communication strategies: • Your company’s mission statement, which you can easily derive from your purpose; • The benefits your customers will get from your business, which is also answered at the beginning of this process (the answers to the why’s) • Your chosen platforms and the appropriate media for each • Your calls to action – what goals do you have, and how do you plan to entice your audience? Conclusion Branding isn’t the same as marketing – branding is the core of your marketing strategy. In order to build an effective brand, you need authenticity and clarity in each of the steps discussed earlier, allowing your target market to identify with your brand personality and values successfully. One final thing to remember – and a very important point – is that branding isn’t a one-time thing that you do at the beginning of establishing your business. It is an ongoing effort that permeates your processes, your culture, and your development as a business, and it requires your dedication and loyalty in order to reflect in your work. At the end of the day, the true measure of your branding success is in earning loyal customers who become your brand ambassadors as well. (KISSmetrics)


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

PAGE 49

Side Talk

By Jacinta David

Dodging the nail

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he lady at the helm of affairs had reportedly claimed that the vandalisation of pipes would make it practically impossible to have the cooking liquid sold at the actual price in hospitals. According to the lady who spoke in such majestic eloquence like she was a royal majesty sitting before her subjects, rather than those whom she was subject to, the factors responsible for the increase in the price of the liquid include among others, adulteration of it, which is otherwise known as rice and beans and its exportation abroad. Asked what the woman hopes to do about this situation, she says the company is already thinking of a gaseous alternative. Despite the fact that she said it herself that the consumption of this gaseous product will increase rapidly, she fails to remember that the much debated (PIB) bill is actually the way out. Yet still, on the (PIB) bill, the GMD of the industry described it as a veritable piece of legislation capable of turning around the liquid’s refining sub-sector in the country. Mr. GMD said that the draft reform law would not only sanitize the downstream sector but would serve as the one-stop shop guide for operations in the entire industry. Then, to cap up the story, the house committee chairman says the committee is doting the I’s and crossing the T’s, and also looking at what is happening in other jurisdictions of the world so that they could do what he described as “Coming up with a world class legislation that would help the country”. In fact, all the parties involved in this deliberation cannot be said to be unaware of the fact that the PIB is the only alternative to this problem; yet rather than proffer credible solution, what we see is a set of alternating questions and answers. It has already been clearly stated. Our leaders are busy dotting the I’s and Crossing the T’s on the matter that would have otherwise been regarded as a matter of urgent importance. When they are through with the mellow drama, the masses will wait for anything they get as an alternative or a prescribed solution.

The issues before us today on side talk are quite interesting. First, we see our leaders in the country’s mine industry talking at length about the need to put an end to the many causes of increased price for the most popular cooking liquid of the nation. The liquid they say have been sold at a high price because of the activities of vandals. Yet rather than proffer the solution which would solve the problem, they decide to dabble around the issue. Then we have the story of the biggest suspension of the moment which side talk thought it necessary to discuss. Also the attitude of debating around bills before allowing them to see the light of day caught the attention of Side Talk.

The suspension and the motives O ur next concern is the recent and certainly surprising suspension of the 37th governor in Nigeria. According to reports, this man was suspended for allegedly distracting the institution he governs from its core mandate among others. The report attributed the man’s suspension to various forms of misconducts including financial recklessness and far reaching irregularities perpetrated under his tenure; Thus his suspension. While side talk tried to analyse the various offences, certain issues come to bare; this man has been in office for about five years now, what’s more, his tenure was due to end in barely four months’ time. But as if from the blues, his suspension

records hit the stables of supreme examiners and he is charged guilty of far reaching offences to warrant a sudden suspension. Speaking on side note with Nigerians, they regard the drama as a revenge battle for the sack of the flying minister. Some say the issue cannot be unconnected to the recent debate between the governor and the helms man at the country’s mining industry. A close look at the debate sessions reveal a probable explanation to what the spokesman of the country’s leadership and writer of the suspension states that the man was suspended for various acts including distracting the institution from its primary function.

Suspension: the lower house’s reaction

Sanusi Lamido Sanusi

At last the health bill gets a break through

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Cross section of the House of Representatives

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his next story is related to the previous one. The House of Reps has reportedly indicated disapproval for the suspension. Side talk thought it was necessary to look at the point of view of this lower set of representatives for the nation. They have stated that the act is capable of affecting the economy of the country, which is what side talk finds actually interesting. For a set of people known to be majorly from the opposition party, a stand such as this is not unexpected, what is actually worth debating is

whether or not a seat that is actually not left vacant will have an effect in the economy of the country. The man in question has been reported to have indicated his resolve to sue his principal, but that is not enough reason why things will be regarded uncontrollable. While side talk feels he may be well within his rights to take such stand, it is also necessary to warn that this man rather keep himself from the deceitful antics of those who would want to use this as an avenue to achieve desired objectives.

es our last story was sourced from the health sector. The story emanates from the passing of a bill which is meant to ensure that the health sector becomes more effective. According to the reports “After several years of going round and round, the upper chamber of the country decides to pass the long awaited bill” The report further revealed that the bill if passed into law will set aside one per cent of the national budget which will serve as a counterpart fund to which both the local government and its state counterpart would access certain amounts of money do develop the sector. Now side talk applauds the decision of the house on this third reading of the bill. What is however interesting to side talk is the fact that this bill has been before this same

house for much more than can be deemed explainable. Or what could possibly be the explanation for the delay in passage of this bill since it emerged before the senate, considering its importance.

Prof. Onyebuchi Chukwu


PAGE 50

PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Sports Nigeria may consider hosting 2018 CHAN

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igeria may consider staging the 2018 African Nations Championship (CHAN), the country’s FA boss has said. Rwanda have been handed the rights for the 2016 edition of CHAN, but the Confederation of African Football (CAF) have announced they are yet to receive any bids for the 2018 CHAN. The Nigeria Football Federation have given the strongest hint yet that the country could bid to host the 2018 CHAN, when president Aminu Maigari said they will want to stage the biennial competition if they get the backing of the government.

"Hosting CHAN 2018 would not be a bad idea. But I cannot say right now if we could bid to host because I don't know if you and I would still be there by 2018 "But like you know, every Nigerian loves to see the national team in action as it brings them joy. So, it would be nice if the federal government considers it and gives us the go-ahead to apply for the hosting rights," Maigari said. Nigeria made her debuted at the 2014 CHAN in South Africa, where they placed third behind Ghana and Libya. The 2009 FIFA U17 World Cup was the last major football event the country hosted.

Venus Williams sets up Dubai final against sister Serena

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enus Williams beat Caroline Wozniacki 6-3, 6-2 yesterday to reach the final of the Dubai Tennis Championships. Williams, 33, lost the Auckland final at the start of January against Ana Ivanovic, whom she defeated this week in the second round at the Aviation Club. The elder Williams, ranked 44th and a wild card entry, will wait for a Saturday opponent as her top-seeded younger sister Serena faces Alize Cornet of France. Should the siblings square off, it will make their 12th WTA final against each other, with Serena leading 8-3. Venus Williams has 44 titles and won Dubai in 2009 and 2010. She has now won 14 consecutive matches in Dubai, with her last loss in 2005. The American had to work through a 46-minute opening set against Wozniacki, the

eighth seed and 2011 champion when she stood atop the world rankings. William started with a break and ended the up-and-down set after forcing her Danish opponent to save seven of 11 break points. Wozniacki salvaged a set point in the last game before falling in a second chance for her opponent with a backhand into the net. The trends stayed the same in the second set as Williams took a 3-1 lead, and saved three break points at the end before advancing in 81 minutes. Wozniacki, now winless in five matches with Williams, admitted she paid for a slow start. ``I didn't feel like I could go out and play what I wanted to play. Once I got going, she started to play better as well. She played a good match, and I started off very slow. Once I got going it was too late.’’

UEFA charges Pellegrini over post-match

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efa have formally charged Manchester City manager Manuel Pellegrini for his post-match comments aimed at Swedish referee Jonas Eriksson following the club's 2-0 defeat to Barcelona. City were reduced to 10 men when Martin Demichelis conceded a penalty for a foul on Lionel Messi - a decision that angered the Chilean manager when replays showed it to be outside of the box - and Barcelona went on to triumph 2-0 at the Etihad Stadium. Pellegrini claimed Eriksson failed to be "impartial to both teams" over the course of the match and effectively "decided the game", while he also questioned the intelligence in appointing a Swedish referee for such a highprofile match.

UEFA responded on Thursday by announcing that they would investigate Pellegrini's comments and they have now formally charged the former Malaga boss. A statement read: "Following an investigation by the Uefa disciplinary inspector, Uefa has today opened disciplinary proceedings against Manuel Luis Pellegrini concerning the press interviews given to media after the abovementioned match. "The Manchester City FC head coach is charged for violation of the general principles of conduct (Art.11 of the 2013 UEFA Disciplinary Regulations). "The case will be dealt with by the UEFA Control and Disciplinary Body on Friday 28 February." Pellegrini is likely to face both a substantial touchline ban and fine.

Eagles forward Christian Pyagbara at 2014 CHANS

Cotto challenges Martinez WBC title June

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iguel Cotto will challenge Sergio Martinez for the WBC middleweight title on June 7. Cotto will move up in weight for the fight at Madison Square Garden in New York, the promoters announced on Thursday. He will try to win a belt in a fourth division in a tournament to be held on the eve of the annual Puerto Rican Day Parade in New York. Martinez has lost only once in 14 years, but has looked vulnerable in recent fights. He will be 39 years old when he enters the ring. The Argentinian has been knocked down in his last three fights and he struggled in his

last bout when he fought Martin Murray in front of 40 000 spectators. In the fight before that, he was beating Julio Cesar Chavez Jr when he was knocked down in the 12th round and had to hold on to survive. "It has been my dream to fight in the big room at Madison Square Garden, a place where many great fighters have showcased their talents," Martinez said on Thursday. The 33-year-old Cotto has a professional record of 38-4, including 31 knockouts. He is coming off a strong performance last October when he stopped Delvin Rodriguez in the third round of a light-middleweight bout. Before that, he lost on points

over twelve rounds to Floyd Mayweather Jr and Austin Trout. "I am happy to be back at my second home, Madison Square Garden, to again make history in front of my fans," said Cotto. It will be his ninth fight at the Garden. "I will be ready and prepared to do whatever it takes to bring the WBC title to Puerto Rico," he added. Cotto, who began his career at 63.6 kg in 2001, will be fighting for the first time at 72.6. Martinez, whose record stands at 51-2-2, with 28 knockouts, will defend the title he has held since he beat Kelly Pavlik in 2010. He has made six defences.

Team Charkuma lead at 3rd President’s Beach Volleyball Championships

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eam Charkuma led the male competition yesterday in Abuja at the third edition of the President’s Beach Volleyball Championships with two wins from two games. The team led by national beach volleyball coach Ismail Charkuma beat Team Water Resources 21-14, 21-14 for a 2-0 scoreline in the opening game of the male competition. Team Kaduna also beat Team Karu 2-0 (21-13, 21-8), while Team Water Resources redeemed their pride with a 2-1 defeat of Team Kogi (23-21, 1721, 15-12). Team Charkuma later beat

Team Karu 2-0 (23-21, 21-16) to lead the five-team standings after day one of the two-day championships, which is holding at the beach volleyball ground at the Jabi Lake. In the female competition which has four teams, Team Kaduna opened proceedings with a 21-13, 22-20 defeat of Team Kogi for a 2-0 win. Also, Team Water Resources beat Team Karu 2-1 (21-11, 9-21, 15-12), while Team Karu resurged to beat Team Kogi 2-0 (21-11, 21-14). Speaking on the championships, the Secretary-General of the Nigeria Volleyball Federa-

tion (NVBF), Adisa Beyioku, told NAN the event was to open the 2014 season in beach volleyball. ``This is a competition we have put together to open the new season in beach volleyball, and it heralds other events in the game,’’ he said. Beyioku however said the NVBF would be using the competition to pick players for its national teams ahead of the year’s continental and global championships. NAN reports that the 2014 President’s Male and Female Beach Volleyball Championships began on Friday, Feb. 21 and will end today.


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Sports

Manchester City resume Premier League fight B

ruised by their midweek Champions League disappoints, Manchester City will resume their Premier League aspirations against Stoke City today. Manuel Pellegrini’s men suffered a minor set-back in their nearly unstoppable form on Tuesday evening when they played host to Barcelona in the UEFA Champions League. It was a display which highlighted why the Spanish Champions are one of the best teams in the world, but their performance was largely aided by the sending off of Martin Demichelis just after the break. Lionel Messi scored from the penalty spot conceded by the physical defender before Danie Alves wrapped up the deal to hand City their second only defeat at home this season. Much was made of the referee’s display on the day but the Argentinian says he must be blamed for his sending off rather than the match official. Stoke City conversely arrive into the encounter off the back a 1-1 draw Swansea City and they are in need of a league win after claiming just one victory in seven games. With City’s title aspirations still very much in check, they know that another slip-up cannot be forgiven as they now sit five points off leaders Chelsea.

Barclays Premier League Chelsea v Everton Arsenal v Sunderland Cardiff City v Hull City Manchester City v Stoke City West Bromwich Albion v Fulham West Ham United v Southampton Crystal Palace v Manchester United Sunday Liverpool v Swansea City Newcastle United v Aston Villa Norwich City v Tottenham Hotspur French Ligue 1 Marseille v Lorient Bastia v St Etienne Bordeaux v Evian Guingamp v Nice Montpellier v Ajaccio Valenciennes v Sochaux Sunday Toulouse v Paris Saint Germain Nantes v Rennes Lille v Lyon

Manchester City players during training

Manchester United head to Eagles’ nest

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Manchester United

Weekend Fixtures

anchester United will be aiming for three Premier League points when they travel to Crystal Palace at Selhurst Park . The Red Devils have been held to draws in their previous two league matches and cannot afford to drop points this weekend as they aim to revive their top four ambitions. David Moyes’s side find themselves placed seventh on the log on 42 points, 11 adrift of fourth-placed Liverpool. United’s January acquisition Juan Mata believes that the team can still finish in the top quartet and claim a Champions League berth for next season. Yet Palace will be no pushovers, especially as they have improved in recent times under Coach Tony Pulis. From being bottom of the log when their new manager took over, the Eagles have climbed to 15th and are two points clear of the danger zone. Their previous fixture against Everton was postponed due to bad weather last week, but three wins from their last four league matches suggests a team that is high on confidence and will be eager to claim a big scalp like Man United’s.

German Bundesliga FC Nürnberg v Eintracht Braunschweig Borussia Mönchengladbach v 1899 Hoffenheim Hamburger SV v Borussia Dortmund Sport-Club Freiburg v FC Augsburg VfB Stuttgart v Hertha VfL Wolfsburg v Bayer 04 Leverkusen Sunday Eintracht Frankfurt v SV Werder Bremen Hannover 96 v FC Bayern München Italian Serie A Bologna v Sunday Livorno v Chievo v Internazionale Sampdoria Udinese v Juventus Lazio v

Roma Verona Catania v Cagliari v Milan Atalanta v Torino Sassuolo

Spanish La Liga Real Madrid v Celta de Vigo v Real Sociedad v Almería v Sunday Rayo Vallecano Real Betis Valencia CF

Elche Getafe Barcelona Málaga

v Sevilla v Athletic Club v Granada


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Sports Keshi explains Yobo recall T

he Chief Coach of the Super Eagles, tephen Keshi has moved to explain his decision to hand a recall to captain, Joseph Yobo. Yobo has not played for Nigeria since February 10, 2013 when he replaced Sunday Mba late in the second half of the Africa Cup of Nations final against Burkina Faso. Yobo attracted the ire of Keshi when he publicly criticized the gaffer and accused him of “disrespect” for leaving him out of the Nigerian squad that drew 1-1 against Kenya in a 2014 Fifa World Cup qualifier on June 7, 2013. The situation however appeared to have improved with both men with Yobo declaring earlier this month that he was “on equal basis now" with Keshi and stressed his desire to represent Nigeria at the World Cup finals in Brazil. “It’s been a while since I was involved with Nigeria. I haven’t played for the Super Eagles since we became the champions of Africa. “I have spoken to (Keshi) and I think we are on equal basis now so I just have to perform well for Norwich City

now and get my place back in the national team,” Yobo disclosed during his first press conference as a Norwich City player. “I have been in the national team for so long. Captaining the national team gives me a special feeling and going to the World Cup for me will be an addition. “I am here (in England) now and my priority now is Norwich City. Hopefully if I do well here, the national team (call up) will just be an addition. It will be a pleasure. On February 12, Yobo was duly recalled to the Nigerian squad by Keshi ahead of the friendly game against Mexico which comes up in Atlanta on March 5. Keshi has now revealed that the defender’s move to the Barclays English Premier League and his debut performance against Manchester City on February 8 swayed his decision. “He played well against Manchester City, which I watched but he must be consistent and we pray he should be in good health. Those are the attributes we want in all the players that will go to the World Cup,” Keshi said. Yobo is Nigeria’s most capped footballer.

Dynamo Kyiv loan out Yusuf to Kharkiv F ormer Nigeria international midfielder, Ayila Yusuf has joined FC Metalist Kharkiv on loan from Ukrainian club, FC Dynamo Kyiv. His loan agreement with Kharkiv side will be valid till the end of 2014. The loan deal which has been confirmed by both Dynamo Kyiv and FC Metalist Kharkiv runs till 2014. “Nigerian defender Ayila Yusuf signed a contract with our club. The loan agreement lasts until the end of 2014,” read a statement on en.metalist.ua. He has previously played for clubs like Julius Berger, Union Bank, Enyimba and Orduspor. Ayila played 29 times for the Super Eagles and scored two goals having earned his debut in 2005.

Skipper Joseph Yobo and goalkeeper Enyeama argue at the World Cup in 2010.

Elche eyeing Real Madrid upset

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lche midfielder Alberto Rivera is hopeful that his side can get a positive result when they visit Real Madrid at the Santiago Bernabeu for a La Liga clash today afternoon. The Whites are unbeaten in their last 14 league matches, winning 12 and drawing two, while their home defeat was against rivals Atletico Madrid back in September Carlo Ancelotti’s side are currently placed second on the table with 60 points from 24 matches but Alberto believes their winning home run will eventually come to an end. “The big teams also lose points at home so there’s no reason why that can’t happen when they play against Elche,” he told reporters. “It’s very difficult to spring a surprise on Madrid at the Bernabeu but this is football and anything can happen. This match will see Cristiano Ronaldo serving the last of his three-match suspension, while Sergio Ramos is likely to be rested as precaution, but Alberto believes their absence will not change much. Elche are currently in 13th place on the log standings with 26 points from 24 matches. They are unbeaten in their last three league outings, beating Almeria before drawing against Real Valladolid and Osasuna.


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PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Weekend Digest

‘I feel more feminine with my beard’ By Mark Duell

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23-year-old woman with a condition causing excessive hair development has revealed that growing a beard makes her feel more feminine. Harnaam Kaur, of Slough, Berkshire, suffers from polycystic ovary syndrome - and a beard first started to appear on her face aged just 11. The hair quickly spread to her chest and arms, and the condition made her the victim of taunts at school and on the street. She even received death threats from strangers over the internet. But Miss Kaur has now decided to stop cutting her hair after being baptised as a Sikh - a religion in which cutting body hair is forbidden. She said: ‘I would never ever go back now and remove my facial hair because it’s the way God made me and I’m happy with the way I am. ‘I feel more feminine, more sexy and I think I look it too. I’ve learned to love myself for who I am nothing can shake me now.’ During her early teens, Miss Kaur was so ashamed of her beard that she waxed twice a week, and also tried bleaching and shaving. But the hair became thicker and spread - with Miss Kaur feeling so self-conscious that she refused to leave her house. She even began self-harming and she considered suicide. She said: ‘I got bullied badly - at school I was called a “beardo” and things like “shemale” and “sheman”. I can laugh about it now, but back then it affected me so badly that I began to self-harm because it felt better than all the abuse I was getting. ‘I’d talk to people with a hand over my face and I wore baggy, tomboy clothes to cover up the hair on my chest and arms. ‘I didn’t want to go outside my house because I couldn’t take the stares from strangers so I’d lock myself in my room. It got so bad that I just didn’t want to live anymore.’ Despite all the opposition, she took the step to

bear her beard, and now embraces the thick hair on her face and chest. But at the age of 16, everything changed for Miss Kaur when she decided to be baptised as a Sikh. It meant she would have to let her facial hair grow out. The decision proved controversial - especially with her family. Miss Kaur said: ‘My mum and dad didn’t want me to do it - they didn’t think I’d be able to have a normal life if I had a beard. ‘They worried I wouldn’t be able to get married and that I’d never get a job. But I wanted to make my own decisions and live for myself - not anyone else. I’d had enough of hiding. ‘I’d had enough of the bullying and the selfharming and the suicidal thoughts. I wanted to change my whole outlook on life and I thought I thought it was time to stop locking myself away - I had to do something about it.’ Her parents have come to terms with her decision - and her brother Gurdeep Singh, 18, is her biggest supporter. She said: ‘It was incredibly daunting going outside because people would stare more than ever. At first I was angry but I realised that they didn’t understand and were probably too afraid to ask me so I just decided to smile back.’ But Miss Kaur has struggled to get a job and even shaved off her beard at the age of 17 after pressure from members of her extended family. She said: ‘I removed my beard once during a really low moment but when I’d done it all I could do was cry because I didn’t feel like myself without my beard. ‘My brother was actually the one person who was completely shocked by what I had done - he hugged me and said I had looked so beautiful with my beard, he didn’t understand why I had done it.’ She added: ‘It was from that point that I thought I’m never going to remove it ever again.’ Since then Miss Kaur has been employed at a local Sikh primary school as a teaching assistant and her confidence has soared.

She said: ‘I still get shop assistants calling me “sir” and strange looks from people - they see my beard first and realise I’ve actually got breasts too. It must be confusing for a lot of people. ‘The funniest reactions I get are from the children at my school. Some ask me what my beard is and I joke it’s a Halloween costume. Some even ask me where I buy it and I just say “Asda”. ‘I can laugh about it now - sometimes I say I’m a man and I put on a deep voice to scare other people because it’s quite funny to see their reaction.’ Despite often being mistaken for a man, Miss Kaur says she feels more feminine than ever - choosing girly tops over baggy, high-necked jumpers. She said: ‘I’m able to go out and shop in the women’s section without feeling I shouldn’t be there. I wear skirts, dresses and jewellery and I like to get my nails done like every other girl.’ oday Miss Kaur hopes her story will help other women find self-confidence. She has decided to share her story on YouTube - and continues to upload videos despite receiving death threats. She said: ‘I’ve had people telling me they’re going to burn me and throw a brick at me - all sorts of things like that. ‘But I’ve also had a lot of positive messages from women in the same situation as me. I’ve also had loads of nice comments from men all over the world. One even asked me to marry him. ‘I haven’t found a potential husband yet. I still get some grief from the men in my community and it does still seem to be a barrier to marriage. But I’m young and there’s still plenty of time for that. ‘All that matters to me at the moment is that I love myself. I love my beard and all my other little quirks - my tattoos, my scars, stretch marks and blemishes. ‘I want other women to find the strength that I have. If I had any message it would be to live the way you want - it’s your journey and it’s your life.’ Source: Dailymail.co.uk

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Beard: Harnaam Kaur, 23, has polycystic ovary syndrome, which can cause excessive hair growth

Siblings: Her parents have come to terms with her deci- Out in Slough: Miss Kaur (centre) with her younger sion - and her brother Gurdeep Singh, 18, is her biggest brother Gurdeep, 18, and friend Surrinder Bhachy, 40 supporter

Happier now: Miss Kaur has been employed at a local Sikh primary school as a teaching assistant and her confidence has soared

Applying mascara: Miss Kaur has now decided to stop cutting her hair after being baptized as a Sikh

Younger days: Miss Kaur is pictured (left and right) during a wedding in India, aged 13. A beard first started to appear on her face aged just 11


PAGE 54

PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

Healthy Living

Understanding oral cancer (II)

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he visit to the doctor is to rule out and eliminate any likelihood of a serious disease when detected early most cancers can be treated, successfully and where not definitely cured. The quality of life could greatly be improved with early (palliative) treatment. The above symptoms may be diagnosed to be cancer by a medical personnel or dentist who will examine the mouth taking into consideration, the roof of the mouth, back of the throat, the whole inside of the mouth cheeks and lips, under the tongue looking for tell tale signs of malignancy. Finally the lymph nodes arranged around the head and neck. Should the dentist notice an abnormal feature of the oral cavity or lesion a small bit of the tissue/ liker/ growth is removed or sometimes the whole bit is removed. The process of removal of tissue for examination in the laboratory is called a biopsy. The biopsy removes tissue to look for possibility of the cells removed of normally or abnormality. It can be done under a local anaesthetic agent to reduce the discomfort or pain locally means the anaesthetic agent is placed directly at the point of the excision, removal of tissue. The biopsy could sometimes be carried out under general anaesthesia in which case, the person is sedated and put to sleep to reduce the discomfort anticipated. The specialist who analyses the tissue cells in the laboratory is referred to as a pathologist. Should you need a biopsy the dentists should be able to inform you as to the reason for the biopsy, the amount of tissue he will remove, whether biopsy will be under local anaesthesia or general anaesthesia?, the sequelae of biopsy?, where to get counseling should the result of the biopsy be not favorable, the

various treatments available for such cancer. There are instances where the kind of biopsy may be an aspirate – removal of fliud should there be a diagnoses of cancer, it is essential that more tests, often laboratory (involving blood) are taken to plan the best treatment and extent of cancer, this is called staging, the earlier the stage of the cancer or the earlier it is detected, the better the prognosis Staging may require the examination of the throat by a specialist. This is called endoscopy, which can be direct or indirect. The doctor uses a thin, lighted tube (endoscope) to check the throat windpipe and lungs. The endoscope can be inserted through the nose or the mouth local anaesthesia to avoid gaggling or discomfort is used sometimes a mild sedative may be incorporated. General anaesthesia may also be used to put the person to sleep. Radiographs (X-rays) can be used to image and check if the tumors have spread to the mouth – dental X-rays clest X-rays to check if tumor has spread to the visiera lungs, etc. There are X-rays machines called (CT Scan) – computer tomography seans linked to the computer which takes service of very detailed pictures of the body with or without the injection of dye/ contrast media. Should there be tumors in the mouth, throat, reck or clse where in the body. There show up on the CT sean Additional imaging using a powerful magret linked to the computer – there is called magnetic resonance imaging. The doctor views the images on the monitor or television screen, there can then be printed on filin for analysis and for the individual to likewise visualise, it is also essential for record purposes. Treating oral cancer when chag-

nosed necessitates the active involvement of the patient in the decision making process, it is note worthy to mention that the individual may like to know the treatment options, prognosis and possible management. The shock and stress of being diagnosed with oral cancer or any cancer for that matter does not make it easier for the full participation of the patient at the initial stages. The necessary myriad of searching questions that needs be asked the health professional may be hard to think of at initial point in time. An approach of listing questions prior do appointment may be easier to adopt. The necessity to take notes at the dentist appointment could help with the understanding (remembering) what the dentist says. A tape recorder may not be out of place. A family friend/ family member or confident would likewise suffice. Whilst speaking do the doctor – They may take part in the discussion or take notes or just listen. There may be need to be referred to specialist to treat oral head and neck cancer. These specialists include oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Otolaryngologists (ear, nose, and throat surgeons ENT), medical oncologists radiation

With

Dr. Samuel Omodele Awosolu 08108155239 (SMS only) samawosolu@yahoo.co.uk (Text only) oncologist, plastic surgeons. The list of other health professionals that may work in the team may include your general dental practitioner, speech pathologist, nutritionist, mental health counsellor and physiotherapist. Most of these health professionals and specialists are mostly found in tertiary institutions – Teaching hospitals, federal medical centre, some general hospitals and indeed a few private health care institutions. The treatment of oral cancer when diagnosed needs to be structured; currently the Nation health insurance scheme does not cover radiotherapy, chemotherapy whilst in several countries worldwide there is a cap on cancer treatment services covered. The treatment is relatively expensive, where possible a second opinion may be sought only to compare treatment modalities. This may not be practically possible in the country at the moment due to the paucity and scarcity of specialist facilities and professionals. The treatment plan is carefully

The shock and stress of being diagnosed with oral cancer or any cancer for that matter does not make it easier for the full participation of the patient at the initial stages.

discussed with the individual and often determined by location of the cancer, initial lesion (mouth) or oropharynx (further down the throat) the size of the tumor, whether tumor had spread. All these will help determine mode of treatment, prognosis complications and best expected results of treatment. Whilst discussing with the doctors naturally all the questions may not need be asked or answered at once as each treatment mode is often adapted and personalised to suit individual needs and values. The risks, side effects, expected end results, complications, realistic benefits, duration of treatment costs, alternative treatment cessation of habits etc, would often be discussed at the treatment planning stages. There may be added benefit of taking part in new treatment as part of a clinical trial or research, this sometimes lesions the cost and avails individuals the possibility of participating new treatment regimen. The options of treatment include surgery – where the tumor is removed alone or in addition with lymph nodes (glands in the neck to which cancer cells can spread). Surgery may be combined with radiation therapy – Radiotherapy. This is often used for small tumors or whilst patient is too ill to have surgery. It could also be used before surgery to kill local cancer cells or even shrink the size of cancer growth. Radiation involves high energy rays. Isotopes of some elements to kill cancer cells these radiation is dangerous to normal cells too hence other parts of the body including the gonads are protected during the procedure.

Cervical cancer could be prevented with an HIV drug, scientists say

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ervical cancer could be prevented by a commonly-used HIV drug, scientists say. The medicine has been shown to kill-off the human papilloma virus (HPV) that leads to cervical cancer. A husband and wife team from the University of Manchester treated women with lopinavir and found that it wiped out pre-cancerous cells in 90 per cent of trial participants with no side effects. The findings, which will be presented at two conferences later this month, have been welcomed by scientists who think that in the future, women could be prescribed a drug to use at home, instead of enduring a biopsy or surgery to investigate any cervical abnormalities. The trial took place at the Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) in Nairobi, Kenya. Ian and Lynne Hampson, from the University of Manchester, joined Dr Innocent Orora Maranga at KNH, to examine 40 women with low-grade and high-grade stage pre-cancerous disease of the cervix. The antiviral drug lopinavir is used orally to treat HIV but it was applied directly to the cervix as a pessary in the trial. The women were treated with one capsule of the antiviral drug twice a day for two weeks. Repeat cervical smears showed a marked improvement within one month of the treatment and after three months, there was a ‘definite response’. Out of 23 women initially diagnosed with high-grade disease, 19 returned to normal and overall there was a positive response in 91 per cent of patients. Photographic images of the cervix before and after treatment showed clear regression of the cervical lesions and no adverse reactions were reported.

‘For an early stage clinical trial the results have exceeded our expectations. We have seen women with high-grade disease revert to a normal healthy cervix within a comparatively short period of time,’ Dr Ian Hampson said. ‘We are convinced that further optimisation of the dose and treatment period will improve the efficacy still further. ‘It is our hope that this treatment has the potential to revolutionise the management of this disease most particularly in developing nations such as Kenya.’ Cervical cancer is caused by infection with (HPV) and is more than five times more prevalent in East Africa than the UK. In many developing countries, HPV-related cervical cancer is still one of the most common women’s cancers accounting for approximately 290,000 deaths per year worldwide. The same virus also causes a significant proportion of cancers of the mouth and throat in both men and women and this disease is showing an large increase in developed countries, such as the UK, where it is now more than twice as common as cervical cancer. Dr Lynne Hampson said: ‘Current HPV Vaccines are prophylactics aimed at preventing the disease rather than curing or treating symptoms. ‘Other than surgery, as yet there is no effective treatment for either HPV infection or the pre-cancerous lesion it causes, which is why these results are so exciting. ‘Further work is needed but it looks as though this might be a potential treatment to stop early stage cervical cancer caused by HPV.’ Vaccination programmes against HPV in the developed world are well underway but they are no use to women already infected with the virus.

A husband and wife team from the University of Manchester treated women with HIV antiviral drug lopinavir (a molecular model is pictured) and found that it wiped out precancerous cells in 90 per cent of trial participants with no side effects The current vaccines do not protect against all types of HPV and they are also expensive, which can limit their use in countries with low resources. The researchers believe their findings offer a potentially cheap and self-administered treatment that could eliminate early-stage HPV infections before they have developed into cancers. Approximately 300,000 women die from cervical cancer every year, which works out as 800 per day or one every two minutes. Around 40,000 British women are found to

have abnormalities in the cervix every year and cervical cancer is the most common cancer in women under 35 in the UK, with nearly 1,000 dying as a result of the disease every year. Dr Ian Hampson explained that the trial could not be carried out in the UK die to associated costs and ‘red tape’. ‘We have full ethical approval in Kenya and chose to conduct the trial there because of the extreme need for a self-applied treatment for early stage cervical cancer,’ he said. (Dailymail.co.uk)


PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY 22,- SUNDAY 23, FEBRUARY, 2014

PAGE 55

FROM THE PULPIT

Possessing your possession (V)

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want to continue in this message from where I stopped last week. So far I have discussed five things you need to do to possess your possession which represents all that God has ordained for you. The points I talked about were: (1) Don’t rebel against God (2) Trust God and obey Him (3) Engage in spiritual warfare (4) Don’t delay; don’t procrastinate. (5) Don’t be intimidated by the enemy. (6) Run away from sin. What are the other things you must do? Be meek –Meekness is “An attitude of humility toward God and gentleness toward men, springing from a recognition that God is in control.” (Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Copyright © 1986, Thomas Nelson Publishers) To be meek means to be humble and lowly. Ps 37:11 says, “Those who are gentle and lowly will possess the land; they will live in prosperous security.” (NLT) Matt.5:5 says a similar thing. “Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.” (NKJV) Jesus taught the virtue of meekness and exemplified it in his ministry. He told his prospective followers, “Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.” (Matt 11:29 NKJV) In 2 Cor 10:1, Paul talked of the “meekness and gentleness of Christ” (NKJV) He says there is no law against gentleness and other virtues. (Gal 5:23) If you want to possess your

possession, you must be humble. “God sets himself against the proud, but he shows favor to the humble.” (James 4:6, 1 Peter 5:5 NLT) Don’t be discouraged by the little progress you make; give thanks to God – God told the children of Israel they would not possess the land of Canaan at once; it would be gradually – little by little. “I will not drive them out from before you in one year, lest the land become desolate and the beasts of the field become too numerous for you. Little by little I will drive them out from before you, until you have increased, and you inherit the land.” (Ex. 23:29-30 NKJV) Deut. 7:22 also makes reference to this – possessing the land would be little by little. Don’t kill yourself with overambition. Don’t think that you can possess your possession instantly. God’s way is “little by little” gradually. Be wise; don’t build your castle in the air. Prov 17:24 says, “Sensible people keep their eyes glued on wisdom, but a fool’s eyes wander to the ends of the earth.” (NLT) Therefore appreciate the little progress you make each time, don’t be discouraged by little accomplishment each time you make one. It’s going to be little by little, and little by little you will possess all. The Bible says in everything give thanks for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus to you. (1 Thes 5:18) Give thanks for any little

accomplishment or progress you make. Don’t settle for partial victory; don’t make a truce with the enemy – God told the children of Israel, “I will help you defeat the people now living in the land, and you will drive them out ahead of you. ‘Make no treaties with them and have nothing to do with their gods. Do not even let them live among you! If you do, they will infect you with their sin of idol worship, and that would be disastrous for you.’” (Ex 23:31-33 NLT) Though Judg 2:6 says when Joshua had dismissed the people, the children of Israel went each to his own inheritance to possess the land, not all the tribes obeyed God completely drove away the inhabitants of the land to possess their inheritance. So the inhabitants continued to live in their land. (Judg 1:21, 27-34) This partial conquest or victory was contrary to God’s plan and command. However, at 85 years of age, Caleb possessed Hebron. He refused to die until he had possessed all his possession including the possession of Hebron promised him forty-five years earlier. Caleb told Joshua: “Now, as you can see, the LORD has kept me alive and well as he promised for all these forty-five years since Moses made this promise — even while Israel wandered in the wilderness. Today I am eighty-five years old. “I am as strong now as I was when Moses sent me on that journey, and I can still travel and

GREEN PASTURES BY PASTOR T. O. BANSO cedarministryintl@yahoo.com GSM: 08033113523 fight as well as I could then. So I’m asking you to give me the hill country that the LORD promised me. You will remember that as scouts we found the Anakites living there in great, walled cities. But if the LORD is with me, I will drive them out of the land, just as the LORD said.” (Josh 14:10-12 NLT) Caleb didn’t settle for partial possession but for complete possession. Don’t be contented with partial possession. You must pursue overtake and recover all. (1 Sam 30:8, 18-19) Celebrate your success with others especially your friends - Your possession is not for you alone. Bless others; share with them; give them gifts. Every child of God is a descendant of Abraham and just like Abraham (Abram), God’s ultimate for blessing you is so that you may be a blessing to others. (Gen 12:2) After David pursued, overtook and recovered all from the Amalekites, he didn’t enjoy everything alone with the people with him. He sent gifts to the elders/leaders of Judah who were his friends. “When he arrived at Ziklag, David sent part of the plunder to the leaders of Judah, who were his friends. ‘Here is a present for you, taken from the LORD’s enemies,’ he said. “The gifts were sent to the

leaders of the following towns where David and his men had been: Bethel, Ramoth-negev, Jattir, Aroer, Siphmoth, Eshtemoa, Racal, the towns of the Jerahmeelites, the towns of the Kenites, Hormah, Borashan, Athach, Hebron, and all the other places they had visited.” (1 Sam 30:26-30 NLT) But the rich fool in Luke 20 was a selfish and greedy person. He didn’t know how to share God’s blessing with others. “But God said to him, ‘You fool! You will die this very night. Then who will get it all?’ Yes, a person is a fool to store up earthly wealth but not have a rich relationship with God.” (Luke 12:20-21 NLT) Acts 20:35 says, “It is more blessed to give than to receive.” (ASV) Sharing with others what you’ve possessed is more fulfilling than the achievement of possessing the possession itself. Conclusion: I believe if you act on what you’ve read, it will help you to possess your possession whatever this may be. My prayer is that you will possess your possession in full in Jesus’ name. You will not disappoint Heaven. You will not come short of God’s expectation of you. You shall not appear before God only to discover there were things God expected you to have achieved for him but you failed.

Fatherhood of God in prayer Matthew 6:9; John 8:4144; Matthew 13:38-43; 1 John 3:8-15; Ephesians 2:12-18; 2 Corinthians 6:17,18; 1 Peter 1:1419; Matthew 7:7-11.

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ore than anything else and more than anyone else, our Lord, Jesus Christ, emphasized the Fatherhood of God in prayer. “Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you, that ye should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain: that whatsoever ye shall ASK OF THE FATHER in My Name, He may give it you” (John 15:16). (See also Matthew 6:6,8,32; 7:11; Luke 11:13; John 11:41; 12:28; 14:16; 16:23; 17:1,5,11). He, himself, always prayed to God as Father and he has given us the same privilege. We become the children of God and He, then, becomes our Father when we repent of all our sins and believe in Christ as our Saviour and Lord. God is not a Father to all people who live on earth. He is the creator of all people but sinners, living in sin and in enmity against God, are children of Satan. Repentance and faith in Christ reconcile us to God and the middle wall of partition between us and God is broken down.

Our sins are forgiven and the power of sin is broken and destroyed; we are no longer slaves of sin or captives of Satan. We no longer live like children of Satan, we are no longer controlled by the overpowering influence of sin. God has now imparted His nature to us and we live in newness of life. Christ “is not ashamed to call us brethren” and God is not ashamed to call us His children. Now, we can pray: “Our Father which art in heaven”. PRAYING TO RECEIVE FROM OUR HEAVENLY FATHER Matthew 6:5-8 Praying is one of the great privileges we have as christians in our relationship with God. The people of God have prayed from the earliest period of the history of mankind. Abraham was called the friend of God and he prayed unto God, habitually, thereby, receiving extraordinary blessings. Moses, though he was often referred to as “the servant of God ”, also maintained such relationship and fellowship with Him that “the LORD spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend ” (Exodus 33:11). He, too, through this privilege

BY PASTOR W.F KUMUYI of prayer, had an influence beyond that of most men in history. The name of Moses is mentioned 804 times in the Bible. This privilege is not reserved for selected or special friends of God: it is ours, it is yours. Prayer helps us secure the power and assistance of the Omnipotence so that our lives achieve more than we could have achieved ordinarily. Man becomes taller when he bends and kneels in prayer before God. Man’s noblest activity that accomplishes the highest achievement is prayer. Each man becomes greater when he is in true communion with the Almighty God. Yet there is a wrong way, a false way, an ineffective way, of praying as

well as a right way, a true way, a proper, effective way of praying. This is what the Lord, Jesus Christ, teaches us here. And who can teach us an acceptable way of praying better than Jesus? “Lord, teach us (how) to pray” (Luke 11:1). 1. EXAMPLES OF WRONG MOTIVES IN PRAYER Matthew 6:5,7; 23:14; Luke 18:1114; 20:45-47; Proverbs 28:9; Psalm 66:18; Proverbs 1:24-28; Isaiah 58:1,2; 1 Kings 18:26-29; Jeremiah 10:2. Our motives matter a lot in praying. The Pharisees prayed much but received nothing from God. Hypocrisy hindered answers to any of their prayers. “They love to pray standing in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets, that

they may be seen of men.” They were anxious and ambitious to be seen and praised for praying. Their desire was to be seen praying by others. When they prayed, they ensured that they stood in conspicuous places so that others would see them. In calling attention to themselves, their motive for praying was wrong. Whether in private praying or in public praying in the congregation, the desire to impress people with our prayer is wrong. Neither should we use “vain repetitions, as the heathen do.” It was (and still is) the practice of the heathen to write or memorize forms of prayer and then recite the prayer many times in a day and also repeat it day after day. Such meaningless repetition lengthened their prayer but it had no power or effect. “They think that they shall be heard for their much speaking” but God pays no attention to their prayers. Wrong motives and sin make our prayers worthless and ineffective. Instead of bringing God’s help and power on our side, hypocrisy and sinful lifestyle actually set God against us (1 Peter 3:12; Ezra 8:22; 1 Samuel 12:15; Ezekiel 13:8,9). Praying is a great privilege with great potentials but wrong motives, hypocrisy and unrighteousness will render it useless and unprofitable.


BIG PUNCH “You must exercise justice to the people you are leading because without justice there can never be peace. Without justice and peace, there can never be unity.” -Sultan of Sokoto, Alhaji Muhammad Sa’ad Abubakar (III)

PEOPLES DAILY WEEKEND, SATURDAY — SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 22-23, 2014

Sanusi’s suspension is illegal and unconstitutional

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onday morning, February 20, President Goodluck Jonathan suspended Nigeria’s Central Bank Governor, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, from office. Dr. Reuben Abati, Special Adviser to the President, Media and Publicity, announcing the suspension said to have ordered Mr. Sanusi to hand over to the most senior Deputy Governor of the Bank, Sarah Alade, who will serve as Acting Governor until the conclusion of ongoing investigations into alleged breaches of enabling laws, due process and mandate of the Central Bank, The statement said, ‘Having taken special notice of reports of the Financial Reporting Council of Nigeria and other investigating bodies, which indicate clearly that Mallam Sanusi Lamido Sanusi’s tenure has been characterized by various acts of financial recklessness and misconduct which are inconsistent with the administration’s vision of a Central Bank propelled by the core values of focused economic management, prudence, transparency and financial discipline; ‘Being also deeply concerned about far-reaching irregularities under Mallam Sanusi’s watch which have distracted the Central Bank away from the pursuit and achievement of its statutory mandate; and ‘Being determined to urgently re-position the Central Bank of Nigeria for greater efficiency, respect for due process and accountability, President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan has ordered the immediate suspension of Mallam Sanusi Lamido Sanusi from the Office of Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria’. Our reaction to this suspension is that it is illegal and unconstitutional. More than that, it is vindictive, mischievous, oppressive, ill-timed, indefensible and an unacceptable resort to self help. It is not in the public interest. The CBN Act No. 7 of 2007 ( Fed. Rep of Nig Official Gazette No.55 Vol. 94 of 1st June 2007) provides for the appointment of the CBN Governor and his removal from office. Section 8(1) of the CBN Act provides that “the Governor and the Deputy Governors shall be persons of recognized financial experience and shall be appointed by the President, subject to confirmation by the Senate on such terms and conditions as may be set out in their respective letters of appointments” (2) the Governor and the Deputy Governors shall be appointed in the first instance for a term of five (5) years and shall each be eligible for reappointments for another term, not exceeding five (5) years; provided that of the first four (4)Deputy Governors to be so appointed, one shall in the first instance be appointed for three (3) years and two (2) shall in the first instance be appointed for four (4) years” ADVERT: BUSINESS: NEWS: LAGOS:

Section 11 of the CBN Act stipulates that: 1. ” a person shall not remain a governor, deputy governor or director of the bank, if he is-[a] a member of any federal or state legislative house; or [b] a director, officer or employee of any bank licensed under the Banks and Other Financial Institutions Act; 2. the Governor, the Deputy Governor or Director shall cease to hold office in the Bank if he[a] becomes of unsound mind or, owing to ill health, he is incapable of carrying out his duties; [b] he is convicted of any criminal offence by a court of competent jurisdiction, except for traffic offences or contempt proceedings arising in connection with the execution or intended execution of any power or duty conferred under this Act or the Banks and Other Financial Institutions Act; [c] he is guilty of a serious misconduct in relation to his duties under this Act; [d] he is disqualified or suspended from practicing his profession in Nigeria by order of a competent authority made in respect of him personally; [e] becomes bankrupt; or [f] is removed by the President; PROVIDED that the removal of the Governor shall be supported by twothirds majority of the Senate praying that he be so removed; 3. the Governor or any DeputyGovernor may resign his office by giving at least three months notice in writing to the President of his intention to do so and any director may similarly resign by giving at least one month notice in writing to the President of his intention to do so; 4. if the Governor, any Deputy Governor or director of the Bank dies, resigns, or otherwise vacates his office before the expiry of the term of which he has been appointed, there shall be appointed a fit and proper person to take his office on the Board for the unexpired period of the term of appointment in the first instance if the vacancy is that if-[a] the Governor or a Deputy Governor, the appointment shall be made in the manner prescribed by Section 8 ( 1 &2) of this Act; and [b] any director, the appointment shall be made in a manner prescribed by Section 10 (1&2) of this Act. The statement issued on behalf of the President alleges that Sanusi Lamido Sanusi’s “tenure has been characterized by various acts of financial recklessness and misconduct which are inconsistent with the ( Goodluck Jonathan’s) administration’s vision of a Central Bank propelled by the core values of focused economic management, prudence, transparency and financial discipline”. It is thus clear that the suspension of the CBN Governor from office is on alleged ground of misconduct. Now, what does the above quoted provision on cessation of holding office on ground of

GUEST COLUMNIST By Jiti Ogunye

Malam Sanusi Lamido Sanusi misconduct say? Is says, simply that the CBN Governor “shall cease to hold office in the Bank if [c] he is guilty of a serious misconduct in relation to his duties under this Act”. The question that arises are these: Has the CBN Governor been found guilty of serious misconduct in relation to his duties under the CBN Act? The answer is no. The CBN Governor might have been investigated by all sorts of bodies, but has he been found guilty? No, is the answer. The second question is, who can try and adjudge the CBN guilty of serious misconduct, is it the President of Nigeria or the Board of the CBN? The answer is that it is not the President, but the Board of the CBN that can, in the first instance, found the CBN Governor guilty of minor or serious misconduct. hile it is true that the CBN Act does not contain any provision on disciplinary procedure for members of the CBN Board, it is submitted that the Board of the CBN, though headed by the CBN Governor, can, rightly try the CBN Governor for acts of misconduct. During such a trial, the CBN Governor, who shall have the right to defend himself before a disciplinary committee of the Board, that the Board may set up, shall recuse himself from the Board’s deliberation and decision on the recommendation of the disciplinary committee. We are fortified in holding this view by the provisions of Section 6(1) of the CBN Act which provides

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that “there shall be for the Bank a Board of Directors which shall be responsible for the policy and general administration of the Bank“; and Section 6(3)(f) of the Act, which says that “the Board shall be responsible for carrying out of such other activities as are necessary and expedient for the purposes of achieving the objectives of the Bank” and Section 32(1) of the Act which provides that ” the Bank may, subject as is expressly provided in this Act, generally conduct business as a Bank, and do all such things as are incidental to or consequential upon the exercise of its power or discharge of its duties under this Act“. What the President has done by this suspension on the alleged ground of misconduct is to usurp the powers and functions of the CBN Board. The third question is, does the CBN Act provide for suspension of the CBN Governor from office, while he is allegedly being investigated for acts of serious or gross misconduct? The answer, again, is no. The only suspension that can act as a basis of removal of the CBN Governor from office is if “he is disqualified or suspended from practicing his profession in Nigeria by order of a competent authority made in respect of him personally” The fourth question is, can the CBN Governor’s tenure cease or can he be suspended from office, except as provided by the CBN Act? The answer is no. The President has the power to remove the CBN Governor

from office. The ground on which the President may remove him is not provided in the CBN Act, but the CBN Governor cannot be removed by the President unless the Senate agrees. Looking at the CBN Act, which guarantees security of tenure of the CBN Governor, we are of the view that the power of suspension cannot be assumed by the President, except that power is specifically and clearly donated to the President by Statute (CBN Act). There is no rule of interpretation in the Interpretation Act or any law which says that if a statute specifically grants an authority a power to remove another authority, the power to suspend that authority is thereby implied. Assuming the power of suspension is thereby implied, it is submitted that since the power to remove the CBN Governor is exercised and shared jointly with the Senate, the power of suspension must also be similarly shared; meaning that the President, acting alone, cannot suspend the CBN Governor. The primary submission, however, remains that the power of suspension has not been donated to the President. The President, therefore, acted illegally. In the coming days, the President and the Attorney-General of the Federation may argue that Mallam SLS has merely been suspended, and that he has not been removed from office, a removal which will require the two-thirds majority vote of the Senate. And that as such the President has not violated provision of any law. This will not wash. That was exactly what this President did to PCA, Justice Isa Ayo Salami for two years, keeping him in limbo. Even when the NJC, in whose name the Salami’s ouster hatchet job was done, penitently recalled the jurist, the President remained adamant. he tactic is obvious: illegally suspend a public officer from office, when, certainly a twothirds majority vote approving a removal is not available in the Senate, and loot or gut the remainder of the tenure of office of the public officer, who has a security of tenure. This is familiar mischief. As a matter of fact, if Sanusi should go to Court to challenge this suspension, a cynical AttorneyGeneral will pontificate and declare that the matter has now become sub judice, and that the Federal Government can no longer take any decision on the matter until the matter is resolved by the law Court. The fifth question is, can the President exercise power of suspension or discipline over the CBN Governor outside the CBN Act, can the President resort to the disciplinary procedure under the Public Service Rules to suspend the CBN Governor ? The

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Contd on Page 39

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