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Thursday, September 12, 2019/ Muharram 12, 1441 AH

1980 Days after

Fake CP in police net after duping senator N1.8m

>>>page 7

Vol. 38 No. 046 N150



. . . putting the people first

The nation awaits rescue of the remaining abducted Chibok schoolgirls

Why Nigeria borders will remain closed -Customs boss

>>>page 5

Tribunal verdict:

Buhari is winner of 2019 presidential election >>>page 5

Judgment is victory for all Nigerians -Buhari Atiku rejects ruling, heads to Supreme Court

L-R: APC National Chairman Comrade Adams Oshiomhole; APC Lawyer Chief Charles Edosomwan SAN, Minister of Works and Housing Babatunde Raji Fashola SAN and PDP Lawyer, Chief Mike Ozekhome (middle), with others, during the Presidential Mr. Omoruyi Augustine, during the presidential election Tribunal final Judgement, at Election Tribunal Final Judgement, at the Court of Appeal, yesterday in Abuja. the Court of Appeal, yesterday in Abuja. Photos: Mahmud Isa

FEC raises VAT to 7.2 percent, proposes N10.07tr 2020 budget pAGE 19

Beneficiaries of Nasarawa Buhari: Why Katsina: Gunmen attack LG chair, kill guard, mass housing threaten to we created abduct 2 children sue FMBN new ministries pAGE 4

pAGE 9

pAGE 2


PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019


2-10, 14





Politics 15-17 Health






World News


Africa News


World News


Katsina: Gunmen attack LG chair, kill guard, abduct 2 children From Lawal Sa’idu Funtua, Katsina


uspected armed bandits in the early hours of yesterday attacked the residence of the Matazu local

government council chairman, Alhaji Kabir Matazu in Katsina state. SP Gambo Isah, the state Police Public Relations Office confirmed the incident to newsmen yesterday in Katsina.

Isah said that during the operation by the bandits which lasted for about an hour, the security guard at the chairman’s house was shot dead. Similarly, he said the suspected bandits abducted two

of the council boss’s children. However, our correspondent reports that, up to the time of filing this report, there was no communication with the bandits or demand of ransom from them .

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PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019


From Suleiman Idris, Lagos


igerian carrier, Air Peace said the evacuation of Nigerians from South Africa would cost the airline about N300 million. The sum will cover the payment of passenger service charge, aeronautical and other charges in addition to the cost of operation. It said. The airline flight, a Boeing 777 which left Nigeria 11:30 pm on Tuesday arrived the OR Tambo International Airport, Johannesburg about 4:00 am Wednesday with reports that Nigerians turned up for the airlift. However the South Africa authorities were said to have

News Editor, Ese Awhotu

Xenophobic attacks: Evacuation of Nigerians from S/Africa to gulp N300m -Air Peace frustrated the evacuation of Nigerians who have been readied for the first batch of airlift from that country. Sources at the Nigerian High Commission in Johannesburg said that after the Commission

had prepared the first 320 Nigerians for the first evacuation, the South Africa Immigration started causing problem by arresting Nigerians due to travel, demanding papers and accused them of travelling without the

right documents. “The Nigerian High Commission had prepared travel documents for the Nigerians but Immigration wanted to know how the Nigerians came into the country and began to arrest them

L-R: Minister of Finance, Budget and National Planning, Mrs. Zainab Shamsuna Ahmed; Director General of the Budget Office, Mr. Ben Akabueze; Senior Special Assistant to the President on Niger Delta; Senator Ita Enang; and, Minister of State for Budget and National Planning, Prince Clem Ikanade Agba, after the Public Consultative Forum on the 2020-2022 Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) & Fiscal Strategy Paper (FSP), held on Tuesday in Abuja.  

Muhammed to oversee Office of Surveyor General of the FederationOfficial By Ochiaka Ugwu

S Gov. Ortom appoints 25 Special Advisers

Army rescues 7 kidnap victims on Kaduna-Abuja highway

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Environment 25 Feature


Sports 30-31 Back Page


We want to hear from you The Peoples Daily wants to hear from you with any news and pictures you think we should publish. You can send your news and pictures to:

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R-L: President Muhammadu Buhari, Vice President Yemi Osinbajo SAN and SGF Mr. Boss Mustapha during the Federal Executive Council (FEC) Meeting held, at the Council Chambers, State House, yesterday in Abuja. Photo: State House


he Troops of Operation Thunder Strike on Wednesday rescued seven kidnap victims who were on transit from Offa, Kwara State to Kaduna State on September 8. The Force Commander, Operation Thunder Strike, Ibrahim Gambari, a colonel, disclosed this in Rijana village along the KadunaAbuja highway in Kachia Local Government Area of the state. “We recovered two AK47, 130 rounds of ammunition, five magazines, two mobile phones, N100,000 and three camouflages. Mr Gambari said the victims would be handed over to the Kaduna state government for further action. According to him, Operation

Thunder Strike is a Defence Headquarters led operation comprising of Army, Navy, Air Force, Police, DSS and NSCDC. The main mission of the operation is to contain the incessant killings and kidnapping on the Abuja-Kaduna expressway. “Since the inception of the operation we have been trying our best to put an end to ugly incidences that have been occurring on the high way. “We have been able to nip it in the bud, such incidences and most of the cases that were recorded usually happen in the night and that is why the Kaduna state government stopped the mounting of road blocks along the road.

“Based on the report on the incident by the police on Sunday, we have been working tirelessly to ensure that the innocent civilians rejoin their families and in the process, we lost one of our sources who give us information,” he said. The Commander urged commuters to avoid travelling at night and if they must travel at night, they should make a u-turn at the sight of any roadblock. One of the victims, Aishat Bisola, said they were kidnapped on their way to Kaduna from Kwara State around 9.30 p.m. on Sunday. She said they trekked for over three hours before they reached their final destination which was on top of a hill in the bush.

“They collected all our phones and money while they were negotiating ransom between N10million and N2million. “The kidnappers used to beat us every day; they even covered the face of another man and threatened to kill him if he does not bring money. ”They did not give us any food or water and we sat on the rock under rain and sun without any shelter from that Sunday until today when we were rescued,” she said. The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that the victims include Aisha Bisola, Ahmad Abdulrafiu, Maryam Abubakar, Suleiman Kadoka, Lawal Temitope, Bala Abdullahi, and Abdulrazak Okunola.(NAN)

FG mulls skill acquisition for S/Africa returnees From Suleiman Idris, Lagos


he Federal government said it has directed the Bank of Industry to work out skills acquisition and other social intervention programmes for Nigerians who are expected to arrive the country from South Africa following the Xenophobic attacks on foreign nationals in

the country. Mrs. Abike Dabiri-Erewa, the Chairman/CEO Nigerians in the Diaspora Commission told journalists yesterday at the Hajj and Cargo Terminal of the Murtala Muhammad Airport in Lagos that those who show interest upon their arrival will be mobilized for the programme. She disclosed that the delay

encountered by the returnees was necessitated by the South African Immigration Services which had insisted on conducting series of documentation on the returnees before they exit the country. Abike, said the situation had led to the delay in the take off of the aircraft donated by Nigerian airline, Air Peace billed for the evacuation exercise on

Wednesday morning. She added that among the 317 Nigerians on the manifest are 86 females while the rest are males. Mrs Abike noted that the returnees will undergo another round of profiling by the Nigerian authorities and receive a stipend in the form of transport fares to enable them return to their state of origin.

urveyor M. K. Muhammed is to oversee the affairs of the Office of the Surveyor General of the Federation (OSGOF) pending the official handing over by Surveyor Ebisintei B. Awudu who until recently held sway as the Surveyor-General of the Federation (SGOF). In a press statement released in Abuja yesterday and signed by Head of Press and Information, OSGOF, Mr. Abu I. Michael noted that an internal circular headed Handing Over with reference number: OSGOF/ADM/ HON/90/1, dated 10th September, 2019 and signed by the Director, Human Resource Management, Igbokwe Felix Onyehira, he would superintend the activities of the agency until handover is made. The statement addressed to all the directors of the OSGOF reads, “I am directed to inform you that in the absence of the Surveyor General of the Federation, Surv. M. K. Muhammed, will oversee the activities of the Office now till the handing over. Number 2 (b) of a circular with ref. no: SGF/OP/I/S.3/T/39, DATED 28th August, 2019 signed by the Secretary to the Government of the Federation (SGF), Boss Mustapha and recently circulated to Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) of the Government, also reads, “Pending the appointment of a substantive Head of ExtraMinisterial Departments, Directors General,, Chief Executive Officers of Parastatals, Agencies, Commissions and Government owned Companies, outgoing Chief Executive Officer without any form of discretion, must hand over to the next most senior officer of the establishment as long as the director does not have any pending disciplinary matter”. The SGF according to the circular explained that some recent issues associated with the implementation of the Circular Ref. No: SGF.50/S. II/C.2/268 of 4th December, 2017, on the end of Tenure Processes for MDAs underscored the need to re=emphasize the content of the circular for strict compliance. Surveyor Muhammed is the Director of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.

“Our high Commission is having tough time with South African government. They are stopping and arresting Nigerians, saying they should explain how they came into the country,” the official said.

Xenophobic attacks: Don calls for shift in Nigeria’s foreign policy From Femi Oyelola, Kaduna


he Deputy Vice Chancellor Academics, Kaduna State University (KASU), Prof. Abdullahi Ashafa has called on the Federal Government to shift its foreign policy from African centered to citizens centred. Ashafa, a Professor of Diplomatic and Military History made the call as a discussant on a Breakfast Discourse on “Xenophobia in South Africa: Its Origins, Trends and Remedies”, organised by History Department held in Kaduna yesterday. He further urged the federal government to refocus its Father Christmas foreign policy as in the case of Congo, anti-apartheid, Liberia and Sierra Leone, with nothing to show, to a more rewarding foreign policy for its people. The Don added that rather than cry over xenophobic attacks on Nigerians and other Africans in South Africa, the Federal

Government should make the country attractive as a destination for greener pasture. According to him, the foreign policy of a country depends on the strength of its economy, its military and its leadership and urged the Nigerian leaders to live up to its responsibilities to the Nigerian people. “We are living in past glories by telling South Africans our roles in their liberation struggle, which they have all forgotten and treated as event of the past. “Our country has retrogressed and became irrelevant because we have been surpassed by countries that once looked up Nigeria as a destination for better living. “We have been sleeping for too long, govern by corrupt, gluttonous, predatory and irresponsible clique of elite. “We have allowed our corruption, terrorism, banditry, lawlessness and laziness, bad roads, non-functional institutions and infrastructure to define us,

which allow the world to treat us as bunch of criminals.” The professor further said: “If anything, the South African events should wake us up as Nigerian once waked up Ghana in the 1980s, with the popular slogan ‘Ghana Must GO’. “Today, Ghana is the envy of not only Nigerians but the rest of African countries.” He equally advised the South African Government to educate its citizens to embrace an African identity and run an inclusive government to attract more skilled Africans to create and ‘America in Africa’. He explained that as the most industrialised economy on the continent, South Africa is the only country that could provide economic opportunities to African professionals. The South African justice system must also wake up to its responsibilities, stressing that over 400 foreigners were killed between 2008 to date and no

perpetrators were ever arrested and convicted. On his part, Prof. Jeremiah Methuselah, Deputy Dean, Faculty of Arts, KASU, said that South African Xenophobia was not fear of foreigners but deepseated hatred of South Africans against their fellow Africans. Methuselah blamed the unabated attacks on fellow blacks African on economic competition, false nationalism, the feeling of superiority over fellow blacks and exclusive nature of the country’s governance. He explained that the many years of apartheid has robed the South Africans of their selfesteem and isolated them from other Africans, stressing the need to help them out of their current psychophobia. Another discussant, Dr Suleiman Shehu, Director, Centre for Basic Studies, KASU, noted that apartheid was abolished in 1994, but the mental effect remained with the South Africans.

NDLEA uncovers, destroys two hectares of cannabis farms in Edo


he National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA), Edo Command, says it has uncovered and destroyed two hectares of cannabis farms in the state. Buba Wakawa, State Commander of the Agency, disclosed this to the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Benin on Wednesday. Mr Wakawa said the farms

located in Ovia North East and Etsako West Local Government areas were estimated to yield 248,088 kilogrammes of cannabis plants. He also said the command had seized 452.36kg of substance suspected to be cannabis as well as Tramadol and Diazepam tablets. According to him, the achievements were recorded in the last one month.

He further said that at least 11 suspected drug traffickers comprising five males and six females apprehended within the period would be charged to court. He said the suspects in their various statements have owned up to the crime of drug trafficking to make money. The commander lamented that the problem of drug abuse

was posing a major challenge to families in the state. “Most youths who are hooked on drugs have become openly disobedient to parents, dropping out of school and work, and becoming liabilities to their parents. “Some even engage in stealing, armed robbery, cultism and other criminal activities,” he said. (NAN)


PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019


Beneficiaries of Nasarawa mass housing initiative threaten to sue FMBN From Gambo Ahmed, Lafia


ome beneficiaries of the Nasarawa State 500 Housing Units along Lafia-Doma Road in Lafia local government area of the state have threatened to sue Federal Mortgage Bank of Nigeria (FMBN) over discrepancies in the payment of the mortgages for the houses. The beneficiaries under the aegis of Association of Occupants of 500 Housing Units made their position known in an interview with our correspondent in Lafia yesterday. Investigation by our correspondent has it that the 500 housing units is an initiative of

the Nasarawa State government in partnership with a property developer, Chipa Nigeria Limited for the construction of affordable housing for people of the state with priority to civil and public servants. It was learnt that in the Memorandum of Understanding signed by both parties of the housing initiative are to be mortgaged at N2.9 million for two bedroom and N4 million for three bedroom semi detached houses payable for a period of up to 25 years through monthly deductions from salaries of beneficiaries. The MoU for the construction of the houses was signed in July, 2008 by both parties and upon completion and inauguration of the

project, houses were disbursed to beneficiaries on the agreed terms and conditions. Speaking on behalf of the group, Mr. Elias Kigbu, Secretary of the Group and one of the beneficiaries, Mr. Mohammed Noma said that despite the agreement reached years back, officials of FMBN recently brought a new price and payment template for implementation by the Nasarawa State government. He explained that based on the new price template, 3 bedroom semi detached houses was now to be sold at N9 million each and the 2 bedroom semi detached house will now be sold for N5 million each thereby inflating the monthly payment template of beneficiaries.

Kigbu added that the recent hike in the price of the houses as against what was stipulated in the earlier agreement and without consultation of beneficiaries was in bad faith and should be reversed to avoid legal action. He said the beneficiaries held a meeting recently on the matter and decided to take legal action if all diplomatic efforts fail to resolve the matter including an appeal to the state government to intercede on their behalf. According to him, “investigation deeply conducted on the issue and found out that Chipa had sourced for funds from FMBN to carry out the project but the agreement reached, signed and

sealed is only between Nasarawa State government and Chipa. So FMBN cannot now decide to inflate the price and payment template because they were not part of the agreement even though they provided the funds. Whatever the situation, FMBN is supposed to liaise with Chipa whom they gave financial obligation. The document on the project is clear.” He continued, “That is why we are appealing to the Nasarawa State government to wade into this matter so we can resolve it amicably. The money deducted from our salaries was not above N20,000 in the past but now some of us are made to pay as much as N80,000 to over N100,000. Responding on the matter, Mrs. Hilda Odiachi, FMBN Nasarawa State Branch Head said she was aware of the current situation but could not speak further on the matter without clearance from her head office.

Why insecurity may consume Nigeria, by NNSG boss From Idowu Abdullahi, Lagos


he Executive Secretary of the Nigerian National Summit Group (NNSG), Mr Tony Uranta, has advanced reasons why the prevalent insecurity challenges, if not checkmated, can

consume the country. According to him, the dimension of the prevailing security challenges in the country demands serious attention. He added that Nigerians, irrespective of tribe, religious or political affiliations must join

hands to ensure the challenges the country was facing in terms of insecurity does not consume it. “There is no nation without security challenges and we have had our fair share in the past, but the dimension it is taking requires serious attention and input from

all otherwise the consequences if not reduced will be dire for all. “Presenting as it is, every strata of the nation is affected, rich, poor, power brokers and all states of the federation. “We can no longer sit and watch this go on without rising to

L-R: Minister of State Niger Delta, Mr. Festus Keyamon, Chief of Staff to the President, Malam Abba Kyari and Minister of Justice, Mr. Abubakar Malami, during the Presidential election tribunal final judgement, at the court of Appeal, yesterday in Abuja. Photo: Mahmud Isa

it. There must be a way out that will compliment what security agencies are doing,” he said. Furthermore, he called on all state governors to urgently convene stakeholders national emergency security meeting as first step on the way forward. “No group or persons or even security agencies can have all the knowledge for tactical approach to dealing with those perpetrating these acts. ”The killings are too many. The kidnaps, robberies, rituals, fraud, have reached its peak. If we don’t act now, these people will overrun the nation and we will all be victims. “Time to act is now. Enough is enough,” he said in a statement in Lagos. Uranta however reiterated calls for Nigeria to be restructured as being canvassed for from different quarters in the country. “Nigeria stands the risk of of break up if not restructured as being canvassed in different fora., “The NNSG in time past says that even people pretend that Nigerians are bound in a nonnegotiable unity, when we have very loud secessionist agitations ongoing in at least three of Nigeria’s six zones. “As it is now, we must stop pretending that all is well with Nigeria. We must all agree that there is a need to restructure Nigeria. “We must ensure necessary devolution of powers, fiscal federalism and review of the many unjust laws that hold the country from attaining its maximum potentials economically, politically and socially,” he added.

Gov. Ortom appoints 25 Special Advisers


overnor Samuel Ortom of Benue State has approved the appointment of 25 Special Advisers, the Secretary to the State Government (SSG), Anthony Ijohor, said in a statement on Wednesday in Makurdi, the state capital. The statement said that the appointees

would be sworn-in on Thursday. It listed the aides to include Adanu Sule, Jacob Ogwuche, James Uloko, Emmanuel Onah, Augustine Awodi, Janet Ede and Eric Adokw. Others included Ageh Ode, Tarkaa Vandefan, Emmanuel Manger, Abraham

Abam, Ortese Edward, Nyityo Tivkaa, Godwin Donko, and Matthew Mnyan. Also to be sworn in is Tyochir Stephen, Bem Dzoho, Isaac Mtu, Tsenongo Abancha, Msenda Iho, Saawuan Tarnongu, Shima Ayati, Ndiisaa Terheme and Ngunan Agera.

Mr Ijohor added that the governor had also approved the appointment of Emmanuel Aper as Chairman, Benue State Universal Basic Education Board, with Egli Ahubi, Mike Kusah and James Ahua to serve as members on the board. (NAN)

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PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019

By Vivian Okejeme, Lateef Ibrahim and Lawrence Olaoye


he Presidential Election Petition Tribunal, sitting in Abuja, has dismissed the petition of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) and its presidential candidate, Alhaji Atiku Abubakar, challenging the outcome of the February 23, 2019 presidential election. In the judgement, the tribunal held that the petitioners have not proved any of the grounds of the petition in paragraph 15 of the petition. The Justice Mohammed Garbaled panel in the judgement held that it dismissed the petition in its entirety. The tribunal held that there is no evidence before the court to prove that the second respondent (Buhari) lied that he attended the primary and secondary schools in the Form C 001 he submitted to the INEC. The tribunal insisted that exhibits R W 1 and 2 proved that the respondent attended primary school that is mentioned in the form, which means he was educated. The tribunal also held that Buhari fulfilled the provisions of Section 31(4) and 32(2) which says that the information submitted by the candidate will be accompanied with a sworn affidavit. ‘’The candidate is qualified to participate to contest for election if he attended up to school certificate level or its equivalent. ‘’It must not necessarily mean the candidate must pass the examination. ‘’The law is certain the candidate is not mandated to attach certificate before he will be allowed to contest. ‘’There is no doubt that the second respondent is not only qualified, but he is eminently qualified to contest for the office of the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. He therefore held that “This petition is accordingly, and hereby dismissed in its entirety.’’ On the issue of election results being transmitted electronically, the tribunal maintained that the petitioners’ witness failed to establish the claims of the petitioners on the issue of electronic transmission of results of the 2019 election. According to Justice Garba, the manual for the election issued by INEC did not provide for electronic transmission of results of the election ‘’ I have carefully examined and re-examined the exhibit B27 and there is nothing to prove that the election results were transmitted electronically through a smart card reader. ‘’Petitioners’ Witness 59, who was brought in from Kenya, failed to prove that there was an INEC server. ‘’The petitioners witness 59 relied on hearsay information about the said INEC server posted on a website, by


Tribunal verdict: Buhari is winner of 2019 presidential election *Judgment is victory for all Nigerians -Buhari *Atiku rejects ruling, heads to Supreme Court a purported whistleblower who was never known. ‘’Card reader machine was not used to transmit results during the election but for mere authentication of ownership of voter cards,’’ he held. Ruling on the issues raised by the petitioners on “none holding of elections in some polling units, cancellation of results, over-voting, inflation and deflation of votes among other things, the tribunal held that: “The petitioners did not prove all the allegations which are criminal in nature beyond reasonable doubt.’’ However, the tribunal had on the INEC’s application that Atiku and PDP should be dismissed on the ground that the Vice President, Prof Yemi Osibanjo was not joined in the suit, the tribunal held that going by the 1999 constitution and the Electoral Act, Vice President is not a necessary party but an interested one. It further held that the VC needs not to be joined to the petition since the candidate of the party and the party used were joined in the petition. ‘’The running mate in an election

is not a necessary party. They are just an appendage. His exclusion is not fatal to the petition. ‘’The application is not grounded in law and hereby dismissed.’’ Further on the INEC’s second motion challenging a jurisdiction and competence of the petition, the tribunal held that Atiku and his party has the jurisdiction to challenge the qualification of Buhari to stand for the February 23 presidential poll. Striking out the motion, the tribunal maintained that the petition was not a pre-election matter as argued by the INEC. The tribunal, however said that criminal allegations, corruption and unlawful interference in the election matters made against the military will not be treated by the tribunal because the unknown soldiers who allegedly commuted the crime where not joined as respondents in the petition. The tribunal held that the soldiers will not be able to defend themselves and will be denied fair hearing since there are not in the tribunal. On whether Dr Uzoukwu SAN, who signed a petition is a name of a legal practitioner, the tribunal said,

‘’ With all sense of justice, it is not a case of unknown person. It us whether Uzoukwu is called to bar. ‘’ I noted and saw that NBA seal appeared before Uzoukwu’s name and the seal bears his name and valid till March 2020. ‘’ The law is trite, when facta are presented in an affidavit where a party fails to swear to an affidavit and the facts are adulterated. President Muhammadu Buhari has described the ruling of the Presidential Election Petition Tribunal upholding his election at the February 23, 2019 Presidential election as a victory for Nigerians who trooped out to overwhelmingly elect him for a second term in office. The president in his reaction to the Tribunal ruling made available to newsmen yesterday by his spokesman, Femi Adesina, declared “Good conscience fears no evil report. I was unperturbed all along, because I knew Nigerians freely gave us the mandate. We are now vindicated.” He dedicated the victory to God, and to Nigerians, while also commending the judiciary for “dispensing justice without fear or favour.”

He extended a hand of fellowship to those who had felt aggrieved at the outcome of the election, and went to court, noting that it was within their democratic rights. The President noted, however, that with the pronouncement of the judiciary, “it is time for the country to move forward as one cohesive body, putting behind us all bickering and potential distractions over an election in which Nigerians spoke clearly and resoundingly.” But the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) has completely rejected the judgment, describing it as provocative, barefaced subversion of justice and direct assault on the integrity of our nation’s justice system. The PDP, however, encouraged Nigerians to remain calm and not to lose hope or surrender to despondency or self-help, “as our lawyers are upbeat in obtaining justice at the Supreme Court”. The PDP made its position on the judgement of the PEPT known yesterday in a statement by its National Publicity Secretary, Mr Kola Ologbondiyan in Abuja.

Members of computer Professional Registration Council of Nigeria (CPN) with the Minister of state for Education, Hon. Chukwuemeka Nwajiuba (middle) , during Inauguration of the CPN 2019-2021 Council, on Tuesday in Abuja. Photo: Justin Imo-Owo

Why Nigeria borders will remain closed- Customs boss From Mika’il Tsoho, Dutse


he federal government has said that , Nigeria boarders will remain closed till the neighbouring countries agree with its policies on importation. The Comptroller -General of Customs, Rtd Colonel Hamid Ali

dropped the hint yesterday during a boarder drill re-enforcement exercise in Maigatari boarder area of Jigawa State. The CGC who insisted that, federal government will never allow any unpatriotic citizen to jeopardise the nation’s economy, said their team was directed by President

Muhammad Buhari to go round the boarders and get responses from the officers operating in the boarder side. He explained that, this is part of the federal government’s effort to revive the economy and assure better security for the country. According to him, the team that include: CG customs Rtd Colonel

Hamid Ali, CG NIS Muhammad Babandede and Brigadier General Emanuel Aliyu Ndagi are in the boarder for three major reasons. The purposes include security issues that have to do with illegal arms importation, trade issues particularly the illegal importation of rice, chickens and other related foods.

He said, the remaining reasons are human trafficking and to checkup the influx of bad people to our country. The CGC lauded the officers operating in the boarders and assured them more welfare from the government for a better service to the nation.

PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019


News Gbajabiamila moves to make NASS Buhari felicitates with summon of MDAs heads sacrosanct Ajenifuja at 90 S P By Christiana Ekpa

peaker of the House of Representatives, Femi Gbajabiamila has expressed dismay over the failure of heads of Ministries, Departments and Agencies, MDAs to honour the invitation by the National Assembly when needed for questioning. The Speaker disclosed this when he received the Director- General of the Bureau of Public Service Reforms,

Dasuki Arabi and his team in his office on Wednesday in Abuja. He said among the reform agenda of the House, he will meet with President Muhammadu Buhari to resolve the challenge soon. According to the Speaker, the House will launch its own reform agenda when they resume from the recess. Reacting to the Bureau of Public Service Reforms achievements as read by its Director General, the Speaker

admitted that the agency have done enough but it is still not there yet. “It’s one thing to reform it’s another thing to give it a legal backing to give it teeth to bite. If you want these reforms to be effective, there is need to collaborate with the National Assembly for legal backing”, said the Speaker. He added that to reform, it requires the public to be sensitised. Earlier in his remarks, the Director General, Bureau of Public

Service Reforms, Dasuki Asabi explained that the agency is linked to the ongoing budget reform process. Speaking further, Arabi said the agency is recommending the National Identity Management Commission (NIMC) to be the sole database for all in the country. While making known other achievements of the agency, he noted that it has developed a website that will assist in ranking ministries of their performances.

L-R: Director General, Bureau of Public Service Reforms (BPSR) Mr. Dasuki Ibrahim Arabi making a presentation to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Hon. Femi Gbajabiamila, during a courtesy visit by the D.G to the Speaker, at the National Assembly, yesterdayt in Abuja. Photo: Mahmud Isa

Bauchi gov. warns commissioners against corruption From Ahmad Mohammed, Bauchi


auchi State Governor, Bala Abdulkadir Mohammed has warmed members of the State Executive Council against engaging in corrupt practices to save the image of his administration. The Governor gave the warning yesterday at the inaugural meeting of the Council held at the Council

Chamber, Government House Bauchi. He said the measures became necessary because of his administration’s desire to use the little resources at its disposal to fulfill his campaign promises of restoring the lost glory of the state. Governor Bala said for the present administration to meet the expectations of the citizenry, there was need for members of the State Executive Council

to assist the administration in looking inwards towards reducing over dependence on federation account. The Governor tasked them to use their experience to overcome the challenges affecting critical stakeholders of the state’s economy by being responsible and accountable in the discharge of their assigned responsibilities. He said that he would sign Performance Indicators with

all the members of the council particularly the Commissioners on the activities to be conducted in their respective Ministries, Departments and Agencies. The Governor used the medium to assure the people of the state that his administration would work with relevant stakeholders regardless of their political differences in order to perform better than his predecessor.

Yobe NUJ pledges support for Governor Buni From Uche Uche, Damaturu


he Nigeria Union of Jjournalists Yobe State Council has felicitated with the Yobe State Governor Hon Mai Mala Buni as his administration clocked one hundred days in the office.

In a statement issued and signed by the Council Chairman, Comrade Yusuf Alhaji Isah, noted with satisfaction the successes recorded so far within the first hundred days in office of Governor Mai Mala. “We have noticed with satisfaction the progress made so far and this is clear indication

that this administration is ready to deliver the mandate giving by the people of the state”. “Therefore the NUJ will continue to support the present government with his policies and programs.” The chairman therefore called on all journalists in the state to

report objectively the activities of the state government among others. He equally appealed to government to hasten the completion of the NUJ Press Centre which contract has been awarded by the Yobe State government. The union also commended

By Lawrence Olaoye

resident Muhammadu Buhari has sent warm greetings to Dr Bolaji S. Ajenifuja, renowned paediatrician, consultant and academic, on his 90th birthday. In a statement made available to newsmen yesterday by his spokesman, Femi Adesina, the President joined family, friends and professional colleagues of the nonagenarian in celebrating the medical doctor, who has served the country for 60 years, caring for both the poor and rich in rural and urban communities, including families of many past Heads of State. The President commended Dr Ajenifuja for his sense of purpose and humanitarian spirit in returning to medical school in 1962 to specialize in children disease after graduation in 1959, streamlining his passion to ensure that Nigerian children live and grow healthier. The President also appreciated the paediatrician for his leadership roles in teaching and inspiring younger generation of doctors, especially in his field, and serving in many associations, which include President of Paediatric Association of Nigeria, Secretary of the Faculty of Paediatric of the Nigeria Medical Postgraduate College for 14 years, and Chairman of Lagos State University Teaching Hospital Board of Governors for ten years. As the first elected President of Union of African Paediatric Association and Societies, and member of the standing committee of International Paediatric Association for many years, the President believed the contributions of the paediatrician to medical practice in Nigeria and Africa will always be cherished and appreciated by posterity. He prayed that the almighty God will grant Dr Ajenifuja longer life, more strength and good health to still serve humanity.

Governor Mai Mala for taking the bull by the horn to improve the services of Yobe Radio and Television in the state. The chairman assured government of journalists support at all times and where necessary government attention will also be drawn for better service delivery.

Okowa: Delta to resuscitate suspended 2015 civil service recruitment From Nosa Akenzua, Asaba


overnor Ifeanyi Okowa of Delta has disclosed that 2015 suspended civil service employment in the state would be revisited within the next one month. He made the disclosure in Asaba when the new Executive Council of Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) in the state visited him.

The governor said that he had directed the Head of Service and the Civil Service Commission to look into the case of the suspended employment and identify the Deltans among the persons. According to him, Head of Service and the Civil Service Commission will do a need assessment for the state and within the next one month, those qualified would be recalled. He said that his administration

would employ more workers to fill vacant positions in the service, and recalled that the government recently employed no fewer than 1, 000 teachers. “We need more than the 1, 000 teachers that we have engaged and when we look at their entitlements, we will engage more. ``We are also engaging 100 Extension Officers to give a boost to our drive in the agriculture

sector which will ensure food sufficiency, and generate employment for our people. “From the employment of the teachers, you will observe that quality persons were engaged to teach our children. ``The very best were taken because, in our employment drive, we are not only looking at the qualified persons but, those who have the knowledge to teach our children in the critical areas,”

Okowa said. He congratulated the new NLC executive in the state, assuring that his administration would continue to partner organized labour to ensure a progressive state. Earlier, Chairman of NLC in the state, Comrade Goodluck Oforbruku, had said that the visit was to thank the governor for his support to organized labour and workers in the state.


PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019

3 IBBU Lapai students arrested over hostel robbery From Yakubu Minna.



t least three male students of the Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University Lapai in Niger state have been arrested over the robbery of the off campus hostel of the institution in the early hours of Monday. A police source told our reporter in Minna yesterday that the suspected student robbers were arrested on the campus of the university. According to the source, some of the victims of the robbery had already identified the three suspects as those that robbed them. It was gathered that following the development, the police carried out a search on the hostels of the suspects during which some items belonging to the victims were found in addition to dangerous weapons. Police Public Relations Officer DSP Muhammad Abubakar confirmed the story when contacted saying the suspects would be brought to the headquarters of the Criminal Investigation Department of the police for further interrogation. DSP Abubakar said the police had also begun the search for other members of the robbery gang. It could be recalled that at early hours of Monday robbers raided the 25 room off campus hostel of the university during which both male and female occupants of the hostel were dispossessed of their cell phones, Lap tops, IPads and other valuable items. The female victims of the robbery were asked to give out their jewelries with those without it slapped several times. Some of the victims were said to have sustained injuries and shock. “The robbers reportedly operated from 12 midnight till 2 am before they left the same way they came” after which the police came to the scene” an eyewitness lamented.


Fake CP in police net after duping senator N1.8m From Ibrahim Sidi Muh’d, Gusau


he Zamfara State Police Command has succeeded in the arrest of a notorious fraudster identified as Ibrahim Mohammed Maigandi, an indigene of the state claiming to be the real Commissioner of Police, CP Usman Nagogo. Parading the suspect at the Police Headquarters in Gusau, the state capital yesterday, the real Police Commissioner, CP Usman Nagogo who was represented by the Command’s Spokesperson, DSP Shehu Muhammad said, the suspect

was arrested after collecting the sum of 1.8 million naira from Senator Lawali Hassan representing Zamfara West in the Senate. According to him, “The duped senator, sequel to a report received by the Police, he received a text message from unknown person through MTN mobile number which reads ‘08138888205 impersonating himself as Zamfara Commissioner of Police requesting Sallah gift upon which he asked his Personal Assistant to transfer the sum of 200,000 naira into a communicated bank account.”

The Commissioner further told journalists that, “Thereafter, the same person called the Senator again and made an offer for him, that being the Commissioner of Police in the state, he was given nine slots for Cadets ASPs and another seven for Cadet Inspectors but, he should pay the sum of 2 million naira for that offer”. “Following this development, the senator had again, directed his PA to transfer the sum of 1.6 million naira into the bank account of the said acclaimed Commissioner of Police being part payment of the earlier requested amount.”

suspected kidnappers robbers and fake army been parade by police at the SARS office, yesterday in Abuja. Photo: Mahmud Isa

Court convicts ‘yahoo boy’, orders forfeiture of $1,980 to FG


n Abuja Division of the Federal High Court on Wednesday convicted Chidera Ozirigbo, an internet fraudster, and ordered him to forfeit $1,980 recovered during investigation to the federal government. Mr Ozirigbo was convicted after a plea bargain agreement applied on July 23 and filed July 24. Justice Nkeonye Maha sentenced Mr Ozirigbo to six months imprisonment with an

option to pay N100,000 bail. The judge also sentenced the convict to six months imprisonment with an option of N200,000 to be paid to the federal government. Justice Maha stated that both counts will run concurrently. She ordered that Mr Ozirigbo’s Samsung Galaxy S8 and Hp laptop he used to perpetuate the crime, be sold and proceeds remitted to the federal government. Justice Maha also ordered the convict to swear to an affidavit to

be of good behaviour as failure to comply will attract judicial sanction to the defaulting party. The EFCC alleged that Mr Ozirigbo sometime in May fraudulently impersonated an American, Anthony Bennet. to obtain $1,300 from one Evelyn Oker. The anti-graft agency said that Mr Ozirigbo committed an offence contrary to Section 22 (2) b (II) of the Cyber Crimes, Prohibition, Prevention etc Act, 2015 and punishable under Section (22) (2)

Katsina bandits release more kidnap victims By Usman Shuaibu


andits holed up in the expansive Ruga forest have released 10 women and a baby to Katsina State government Tuesday evening, bringing to 16, the total number of kidnap victims who have so far regained their freedom from their abductors. The ten women and the baby, who looked very haggard, jaded, sickly and hungry, were brought to the office of Governor Aminu

CP Nagogo said, the investigation is ongoing after which the suspect will be charged to court, adding that, his Command has recovered a Mercedes Benz vehicle in possession of the suspect which is also suspected to be stolen as it bears no registration number and particulars. Meanwhile, the Commissioner urged the general public in the state to continue to cooperate with the Police and other sister security agencies in efforts to wipe out disgruntle elements in the society for sustainable peace and security in the state.

Bello Masari, the architect of the conversation with the bandits, by two representatives of the outlaws around 5.30 pm, a statement by Abdu Labaran Malumfashi,DG Media to the governor said. The successful exchange of detainees between the government and the bandits, represents a fundamental milestone in the efforts by Governor Masari, and his colleagues from the North West, notably Governors Aminu Waziri Tambuwal of Sokoto

state and Muhammed Bello Matawalle of Zamfara, to bring to a permanent end the menace of banditry, kidnapping and cattle rusting, all of which have of late assumed a frightening dimension in Katsina, Zamfara and Sokoto states. The release of the 10 women and the baby, the second time in the day, has also demonstrated the sincerity of purpose by the two sides of the engagement, thus giving short thrift to the

skeptics didn’t believe that the arrangement would work. Elated Governor Masari reaffirmed the commitment of the Katsina State government to walk its talk vis-a-vis the negotiations with the bandits, urging the outlaws to also keep faith with their own part of the bargain. According to the Governor, as soon as the exchange of detainees is done with, the 2nd and 3rd faces of the engagement will commence and focus on the

b (IV) of the same Act. Counsel to EFCC, Hussaina Gambo, said that following surveillance carried out on intelligence report of cybercrimes and internet fraud activities in Imo, Mr Ozirigbo was arrested by operatives of the EFCC on May 28. “Investigations carried out into the case by operatives of the EFCC revealed that the defendant assumed the identity of Bennet to fraudulently obtain money from people,” she said.(NAN)

voluntary surrender and return of arms and ammunitions to the government by the repentant bandits. The released victims, who are all but two, from Shifida village in Jibiya Local government, include Sa’adatu Garba, Dije Abdulmini, Dahara A. Garba, Salame Abu Musa, Rabi’atu Muazu, Shamsiyya Sabi’u from Fafara, Halima Hambali, Barira Adamu from Garin Mai muya, Manya A. Sani and Maryam Sani.

PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019



Malnutrition: Stakeholders call for deployment of trained nutritionists to PHCs From Femi Oyelola Kaduna


takeholders in the nutrition sector have called on the Kaduna,Nassarawa and Niger State governments to recruit and deploy trained nutritionists to Primary Health Centers, PHCs, as well as retraining of existing nutritionists for optimal performance. They made the call in a communiqué issued after a 2-day meeting organized by the CS-SUNN in collaboration with Alive and Thrive and Save the Children on improved nutrition investments in the 2020 state annual budgets with key stakeholders from Kaduna, Nasarawa and Niger States The communiqué signed by a 10-man committee chaired by Member, Nasarawa State House of Assembly, Hon. Aliyu Dogara Mohammed, observed a substantial increase in budgetary allocation by Kaduna, Nasarawa and Niger States in the 2019 and 2020 budgets for nutrition but emphasized releases and cash backing as key challenges. It noted the non-alignment of planning and budgeting for health and nutrition programmes in these states with the state’s nutrition plans and coverage data on key

nutrition interventions. According to the communiqué, key policy and decision-makers at the legislative and executive levels are not fully carried along in the planning, budgeting and implementation of health and nutrition programmes in the states. It further identified absence of trained nutritionists in some states at the PHC level as well as delay in preparation and submission of activity request memos for planned health and nutrition activities across relevant Ministries, Departments and Agencies, MDAs. The meeting rated budgetary performance for nutrition activities across the three states as low or just average and settled for a benchmark of at least 75 percent budgetary performance by the states going forward. The communiqué made the following recommendations: Matching budgetary increment for nutrition with timely releases and cash backings. Advocating for quarterly releases of funds to carry out nutrition activities in the states. “ States’ plans and activities be based on the state multi-sectoral plan on nutrition and on evidence including ensuring budget

realism in annual sector budgets at the state and LGA levels “Tracking of key nutrition indicators to inform programme planning strategic decision making “Continuous advocacy and engagement of the executives and legislators to secure their buy-in for improved budget allocation and appropriation for nutrition specific and nutrition sensitive activities in the three states. “ Recruitment and deployment of trained nutritionists to PHCs as well as retraining of existing nutritionists for optimal performance “ Intensified efforts by Committees of the State Assemblies that oversee nutrition line Ministries in their oversight functions by ensuring strict implementation of approved budgets for nutritional activities. “Funds for women empowerment programmes should focus more on preventive initiatives to address malnutrition. “ Focus should be placed on promoting and implementation of the multi-sector strategy to provide a platform for holistic delivery of nutrition specific and sensitive interventions in all states.” L-R; Minister of Water Resources, Alhaji Sulieman Adamu, Minister of Communications Dr. Ali Isa Pantami, Minister of State Budget and National Planning, Mr. Clement Anade Agba during the Federal Executive Council (FEC) Meeting held at the Council Chambers, State House, yesterday in Abuja. Photo: State House

The meeting had participants drawn from three PINNS focal states of Kaduna, Nasarawa and Niger, comprising of chairmen and members of the House committees on health, finance & appropriation, Permanent Secretaries, state Accountant Generals, relevant directors of the key line Ministries of Finance, Budget & Planning, Health and Agriculture as well as state nutrition officers and partners from Alive and Thrive as well as Save the Children.

NSCDC boss harps on intelligence gathering in tackling insecurity From; Femi Oyelola, Kaduna


he Commandant Nigeria Security and civil Defence Corps (NSCDC) Kaduna State Command, Babangida Dustinma has called for intelligence gathering by operatives to enhance their performance and tackle security challenges bedevilling the state. He stated this when he formally took over from his predecessor, Assistant Commandant General(ACG)Ahmed Modu Bunu yesterday. Dustinma said that intelligence gathering will help to take the battle to the criminals before they perpetrated their nefarious activities. He therefore called on the public to provide credible information that will help the corps makes lives and property safe in Kaduna state. The Commandant promised to work on the relationship established by his predecessor with other security outfits in the State, saying there must be synergies between security Agents. He commended his predecessor ACG Bunu for bringing the Corps to enviable standard they are today, promising to sustain it. In his remark the outgoing Commandant who is now Assistant Corps Commandant General in charge of operation at Corps headquarters, Ahmed Mohammed Bunu thanked Officers and management of the corps for making his tenor as Commandant in Kaduna a success.

Bauchi to block leakages in IGR From Ahmad Mohammed, Bauchi


auchi State Executive Council has resolved to block leakages in the state Internally Generated Revenue. The State Commissioner for Finance, Alhaji Nura Manu Soro stated this when he addressed

reporters on the outcome of the Council meeting Wednesday in Bauchi. Nura said the Council deliberated on the funding of capital project in order to ensure the completion of the abandoned and ongoing projects across the state. The Finance Commissioner

said it also emphasized the need for transparency and accountability in financial transactions in line with global best practices. On his part, the State Commissioner for Works and Transport, Alhaji Abdulkadir Ibrahim said that, in line with the governor’s mission of overcoming the challenges

facing the state, all abandoned road projects would be completed by the present administration. Alhaji Abdulkadir Ibrahim assured the readiness of the administration of Governor Bala Mohammed towards ensuring the execution of the qualitative projects for the well being of the citizens.

The State Commissioner for Information and Communication, Dr Ladan Salihu said during the meeting, Governor Bala Mohammed has given a roadmap for members of the council on the efforts of his administration to respond to the yearnings and aspirations of people of the state.

Nasarawa varsity owes N1.72bn – VC


he Nasarawa State University, Keffi, says over N1.72 billion liabilities is hampering its operations. The Vice Chancellor of the institution, Suleiman Mohammed, made this known on Wednesday at a news conference in Keffi. He therefore called on the state government to take over payment of salaries of all staff of the institution to reduce the burden. Mr Mohammed explained that said the news conference was part of preparations for the

2nd stakeholders meeting of the university scheduled for September 14, at 10 am in the institution. According to him, the 2nd stakeholders meeting had two main objectives; the first was to address the challenges facing the university and the second was to present his five years action plan to the public. “I also want to tell the stakeholders about our liabilities with the hope that the stakeholders will assist the university to settle the debt.

“Presently, this is the summary of our liabilities – salaries and allowances is over N1.43 billion; pension and gratuity is over N116.4 million; Students Association dues 2012/13 is over N13.62 million; Students Association dues 2016/17 is over N22.86 million. “Others outstanding unremitted deductions is over N65.76 million and former principal officers severance allowance and other benefits stand at over N72.1 million, and total liabilities is N1.719,996,144.08,” Mr

Mohammed explained. He said his action plan for the institution was based on 12 objectives in order to take the university to greater heights. Mr Mohammed said in the action plan, the university would establish two new faculties; Health Sciences and Engineering, beginning from the 2020/2021 academic session. The vice chancellor restated his commitment to fight all unethical conducts among staff and students in the interest of the education

sector. “I therefore seek for the cooperation of the press and other stakeholders in the war against unethical practices as well as support our objective of making the university a 21st century university,” Mr Mohammed said. The vice chancellor commended Governor Abdullahi Sule for donating a fire fighting machine as well as the pledge of N75 million to fence the Lafia campus of the university against encroachment..(NAN)

PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019


Group urges strategic diplomatic measures to quell xenophobic attacks By Usman Shuaibu


he Global Centre for Humanitarian Services Peace and Development has called on the Federal Government to seek lasting solutions to the frequent xenophobic attack on Nigerian in South Africa. The call was made at the end of a week-long capacity building workshop on Peace Building and Conflict Resolution organized by the center for selected youth leaders and representative of youth led organizations in the federal capital territory, Abuja. The president- Mr. Collins Ogokeh- Green on behalf of the GLOHSPED condemned the act describing it as disheartening and barbaric. He stated that it is unfortunate that the rainbow nation has forgotten the support and the lead role played by Nigeria government and other African nations in the quest for its freedom from apartheid regime. “More worrisome is the justification of the heinous act by the South Africa Deputy Minister of Police- Bongan Michael Mkongi via a video (on air) describing the incidence as a fight to secure the future of his country and called for a country debate on the occupation of the country by foreign national. “ His statement and that of other government officials in addition to the posture and inability of the South African government to address the incessant attack resulted in reprisals by Nigerians. “The wide condemnation, protest and attack/ averted attack by Nigerian youths on South African business and facilities in some cities in Nigeria would have been avoided if South African government has taken decisive step to address the situation in the past.” To this end, the group called on African Union, international community and human rights organizations to sanction South African government for the continued brutal, heartless and senseless act of aggression. It also called on the federal government on the interim to severe all diplomatic and bilateral relations with South Africa till adequate security and compensation measures for affected victims are in place. Mr Collins Ogokeh-Green stated that preventing recurrence of violence of this magnitude is possible when genuine peace building initiatives that address the underlying structural and societal issues are in place.

Page 9

Buhari: Why we created new ministries By Lawrence Olaoye


resident Muhammadu Buhari has explained that he created new ministries and delineated their functions with a view to ensuring service delivery to the people in his Next Level administration. The President, in a short remark at the maiden Federal Executive Council (FEC) meeting he chaired yesterday in the Presidential Villa, also charged the ministers on their need to cooperate, communicate with one another and work as a team for them to deliver on their mandates. According to him, the weekly FEC which he chairs presents an opportunity for the ministers to interact an share ideas on regular basis. He said “For the new cabinet members, this weekly meeting presents an opportunity to know your fellow ministers and exchange ideas with a goal of perfecting our stated policies which will positively impact on

Nigerians. “In the recently concluded elections, the majority of Nigerians who voted for us gave us a clear mandate: a, to enhance the security of lives and property across the entire country, b, to create a diversified and inclusive economy that will bring prosperity to all, and c, to instal governance and accountability in our systems and processes, thereby eliminating corruption. “Therefore, all ideas and projects that will contribute to achieving these goals shall be foremost in our deliberations. “For returning ministers, my decision to appoint you is based on merit. During our first term, you executed your mandate diligently in a patriotic manner. I expect you all to double your efforts in this second term. “To enhance service delivery, we decided to restructure some functions which led to the creation of new ministries to achieve our goal of economic diversification and inclusive growth.

“For example, we merged the ministry of finance with that of budget and national planning, we also created a ministry for humanitarian affairs and disasters management and social development to fully institutionalized our various interventions that support some of the poorest and most distressed citizens of our country. “Furthermore, we split the ministry of power, works and housing and ministry of transportation and aviation to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of our infrastructure delivery programmes and projects. “On security, keeping in mind the need to improve on our achievements we created the ministry of police affairs with whose purpose to oversee the development and implementation of strategies that will enhanced Nigeria’s internal security in synergy with other security and intelligence agencies. This will include supporting the reestablishment of civil authority

in the liberated areas of the north east. “We also created a new ministry of Special Duties and Inter-Governmental Affairs this ministry will manage key projects and initiatives of the presidency. The minister’s role will include coordinating of multi-agencies and inter-ministry functions as designated by the President. “I have instructed the Secretary to the Government of the Federation to draft a schedule of ministerial responsibilities for my review and final approval. “As I said during the recent retreat, we must work in harmony with each other. Communication and team work are the hallmarks of success. I will conclude by tasking you all to keep in mind the oath you took in this very room three weeks ago. As a government our focus must remain that of safeless service. The safety, security and prosperity of Nigeria’s 200 million people are our responsibility, we must not fail them.”

L-R: ASUU President Professor,Biodun Ogunyemi,Co-Chairman professor Placid Njoku,Executive Secretary Tertiary Education Trust Fund Professor Suleiman Elias Bogoro and Darma Nazifi, during the inauguration of technical advisory committee on impact assessment (TACIA), yesterday in Abuja. Photo: Mahmud Is a

Presidential election: Buhari’s victory at tribunal well deserved-Gov. Obaseki By Osaigbovo Iguobaro, Benin


he Edo State Governor, Mr. Godwin Obaseki has congratulated President Muhammadu Buhari on his victory at the Presidential Election Petition Tribunal, describing the verdict of the tribunal as well-deserved. The tribunal verdict, ­delivered by its Chairman, Garba Mohammed, in its ruling on Wednesday, dismissed the petition

by the candidate of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), Alhaji Atiku Abubakar, challenging the president’s victory in the February 23 Presidential election. In a statement, Obaseki noted, “I heartily congratulate President Muhammadu Buhari on his well-deserved victory at the Presidential Election Petition Tribunal on September 11, 2019, which is a resounding affirmation of the choice of Nigerians on

February 23, for a second term for the President.” He said, “The tribunal confirms our stance that President Buhari remains the preferred leader at this time, to reset our country on the path of greatness.” Obaseki saluted the courage of the tribunal in upholding the mandate given by millions of Nigerians, noting, “It is refreshing that we have reached

this threshold and I am confident that this outcome would enhance this administration’s resolve in championing the next level agenda of the President.” “On behalf of the government and people of Edo State, I once again, congratulate the president and our great party the All Progressives Congress (APC), on this landmark victory. Congratulations, our dear President,” Obaseki added.

PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019


N ews

Zamfara promotes 6,709 primary school teachers


overnor Bello Matawalle of Zamfara State has approved the immediate promotion of 6,709 primary school teachers who had not been promoted for over 10 years. Mr Matawalle made this known in Gusau, the state capital on Tuesday while speaking at a political forum organised by the senator representing Zamfara Central, Hassan Nasiha. “I just approved the promotion of these UBE teachers because I believe they have a genuine complaint which I investigated and found it to be so. “They have been unfairly treated by past administrations but they remained patient hoping that one day, their prayers will be answered and God will bring someone that will clean off their tears. “My emergence as governor is partly to clean those tears by the will of God which is what I have done. “All of them will now be promoted to their next grade levels so that they will be encouraged to put in their best in educating our children for better future,” he said. The governor who expressed his resolve to always address genuine cases affecting his people, said “with the attainment of peace in the state, we will now focus more on development and good governance.” While speaking on the recent border closure by the federal government, Mr Matawalle revealed that he had already discussed with the governors of Sokoto and Katsina. He said the governors agreed to meet with the President Muhammadu Buhari to inform him of how negatively the decision had affected people in their states.(NAN)

Skills: NDE, stakeholders train 10,000 women, youths in Katsina From Lawal Sa’idu Funtua, Katsina


s part of efforts to address the alarming rate of global unemployment, the National Directorate of Employment NDE in collaboration with other stakeholders have trained over 10,000 women and youths in various skills acquisition programmes. Dr. Nasir Ladan Argungu, the Director General of NDE

disclosed this on Wednesday at the launching of an NDE empowerment programme for 220 persons in Katsina. Argungu represented by Engineer Yakubu Umar Mani, a director in the NDE said the programme which ran through the last quarter of 2018 is expected to be sustained on a continuous basis. He added that, 1,500 persons are to be trained in various skills, 3,000 women empowered in cosmetology and beauty therapy.

Similarly he maintained that, 700 persons would be empowered under the NDE Micro Empowerment Enhancement Scheme MEES, while 5,000 persons are to access the CBN agro Business Small and Medium Enterprises Investment Scheme AGSMEIS. He however commended Governor Masari for his support to NDE towards implementing it’s programmes and schemes, as well as the developmental projects of the administration

that had promoted growth and transformation of the state. Argungu therefore urged the beneficiaries to exploit the opportunity for self reliance and wealth creation as we match to the next level. Abdulkarim Sirika, the state NDE Coordinator, earlier, said the beneficiaries were drawn from nine of the 34 local government areas of the state. He said they include local tea, beans cake and groundnut cake traders.

R-L: Governor Muhammadu Inuwa Yahaya of Gombe state, APC National Leader, Bola Ahmed Tinubu and Chief of Staff to the Governor, Alhaji Abubakar Kari, during the governor’s visit to APC national leader, yesterday in Abuja.

FCT: NUSDA president promises to provide jobs for youths By Usman Shuaibu


he newly sworn-in President of Nupe Social Development Association (NUSDA) Zone B which comprises of Abaji, Gwagwalada, Kuje and Kwali, Abubakar A . Abubakar, has promised to provide jobs for Nupe youths in the territory whenever the need arises. Abubakar, who made the promise after the inauguration

of NUSDA officials on Sunday in Gwagwalada, said his administration would join hands with other executives to move the Nupe association to the next level. On his part, the former president of NUSDA in zone B, Alhaji Abubakar Jibrim Makun, charged the new officials to always work for the progress and development of the association. However, the new NUSDA executive members who were

sworn-in by Barr. Salisu Umar are; Abubakar A. Abubakar (President), Alhaji Ahmed Saidu Koroka (Vice President), Abubakar Babanitsa (Secretary General), Muhammad Tahiru Ndagi (Assistant Secretary), Muhammad Kailani Dabban (Treasurer) and the position of the financial secretary went to Muhammad Ibrahim. Other officials include; Alhaji Muhammad (Assistant Financial

Secretary), Muhammad Madami Jiya (P.R.O), Nma Shaba (Welfare Officer I) Alhaji Muhammad Bagudu (Welfare Officer II), Muhammad Rabiu (Auditor), Abdullahi Sani (Provost), Barr. Abdulqadir Umar (Legal Officer I) and Barr. Salisu Umar maintained the position of Legal Officer II. Meanwhile, Certificates of Return were given to the executives during the inauguration.

Buhari mourns ex-Unilorin VC, Adeniyi By Lawrence Olaoye


resident Muhammadu Buhari has sent condolences to the family of former Vice-Chancellor of the University of Ilorin, Professor Emeritus Adeoye Adeniyi, with an assurance that

his contributions to national development, especially the educational sector, will always be remembered. According to a statement made available to newsmen by his spokesman, Femi Adesina, the President Commiserated with the Governing Board of

the University of Ilorin, staff and students over the passing of the 4th Vice-Chancellor of the university, who served for seven years, leaving behind a strong legacy of academic excellence. As a renowned Professor of Pediatrics and Child Health, Buhari affirmed that the late

Vice-Chancellor’s choice of teaching, research, and providing child care services was most remarkable, reflecting his love for humanity and ensuring a healthy society. The President prayed that God will grant Adeniyi’s soul eternal rest.

NEMA distributes relief materials to 2,500 Daura flood victims


t least 2,200 flood victims in Daura Local Government Area of Katsina State have received relief materials from the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) as part of its effort to provide temporary relief to the victims. The News Agency of Nigeria reports that about 3,500 households had been affected by flood due to a recent heavy

downpour which lasted for about 14 consecutive hours. Aminu Nadari, Chairman of the local relief distribution committee, told the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Daura on Tuesday that all the affected victims had been provided with relief materials which included bags of rice, beans, maize, blankets, mattresses, cooking oil, roofing sheets, ceiling, and rubber

mats. He added that the level and degree of damaged suffered by an individual victim determined the quantity of relief materials he received. “We are meticulous in the entire process as no one is left out.’’ Mr Nadari noted that the remaining 800 victims would be covered when the committee

receives the remaining two trucks of the relief materials, expected to arrive “any moment from now.” He called on the beneficiaries to make judicious use of the materials and warned that the agency would not condone any act of sabotage. Halima Shehu, a beneficiary who lost three rooms to the flood, commended NEMA for the gesture and lauded the committee

for being fair and just in the distribution process. NAN reports that NEMA delivered 300 bags of rice, beans, maize, 1,200 bags of cement, 500 bundles of roofing sheets, and 100 packets of nails. Other materials were 500 rubber mats, 750 ceiling sheets, 500 each of blankets and mattresses, as well as 100 jerry can of vegetable oil. (NAN)

PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019



This tardiness is inexcusable


That did it. Nigeria recanted, igeria and the United States last month played reducing the fee from $180 to a tit-for-tat over non- $150. The federal government, in immigrant visa fees. The response, offered an unconvincing Nigerian government was first to excuse for acting belatedly on the raise the fee for a visiting American US government’s complaint, citing to $180. The U.S. government, preoccupations with forming the since 2018, tried unsuccessfully to new Buhari cabinet as the reason. “engage” its Nigerian counterpart. His new Minister of Interior, After an 18-month wait, Rauf Aregbesola, in a statement by his spokesman, Washington invoked the Mohammed Manga, principle of reciprocity said a committee set against Nigerians visiting up to conduct due the United States. In doing so, it more than These fees are based diligence in line with doubled the fees in some on the principle of the ministry’s extant cases, effective August reciprocity: when a policy on reciprocity 29 2019. Applicants are foreign government of visa fees had earlier imposes fees on the engaged with the required to pay $110 for US citizens for certain US embassy on the B1, B2, B1/B2; F1 and types of visas, the issue, adding that the F2 while H1B and H4 United States will of visas attract $180. I visa impose a reciprocal implementation fee on citizens of its recommendations applicants will pay $210 that country or was delayed due to while L1, L2 applicants area of authority for “transition processes will pay $303 and R1 and similar types of visas. in the ministry at the R2 $80. Nationals of a number Washington explained of countries worldwide policy level.” As we said from the its action thus: “These are currently required onset, the Nigerian fees are based on the to pay this type government failed principle of reciprocity: of fee after their non-immigrant to do the needful in when a foreign government visa application is this matter. Firstly, it imposes fees on the US approved. clearly did not notify citizens for certain types of the US government visas, the United States will impose a reciprocal fee on citizens of of its action. Secondly, when that country or area of authority for Washington complained, the federal similar types of visas. Nationals of a government did not act for a year number of countries worldwide are and a half. Its reason for acting late currently required to pay this type was laughable. The complaint was of fee after their non-immigrant visa lodged in 2018 and the so-called transition “at policy levels” did not application is approved. “Since early 2018, the US happen until last month. That said, we commend the government has engaged the Nigerian government to request that (it) federal government for realising change the fees charged US citizens its mistake and quickly making for certain visa categories. After 18 amends. Yes, it lost face but it months of review and consultations, gained respect in the end. Now the government of Nigeria has not that Nigeria has done what ought changed its fee structure for US to have been done, we expect the citizen visa applicants, requiring the US government, under the same US Department of State to enact new policy of reciprocity, to reduce the reciprocity fees in accordance with new visa fees for Nigerian nonour visa laws.” immigrants.



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Letter to the Editor

Corruption: Before they inflict further punishment on us

By Abdulkadir Inuwa Suleiman


n many Nigerian cultures, there is this concept that one should grip offenders by the wrist as opposed to holding them by the elbow since they will not be able to easily wriggle free when held by the wrist. Some cultures also warn of the perils to the farmer if he tarries in arresting the thief since the thief could make the first strike of accusing the owner of the farm of theft. So it is with the vampires that have over successive governments pillaged the resources of our country. We left them to help themselves to the public till as we cheered them on as “elites” or “ruling class” even when their self-chosen kleptomaniac makes such appellations antithetical. A brave administration, President Muhammadu Buhari’s government, finally rose up to the task of apprehending these thieves and they have today turned on the rest of us, branding us as the offenders that are trampling on their right to loot the treasury. They have even gone the extra length of meting out punishments because we are finally growing the spine to call time on their crimes. We are all gritting out teeth as the economy gets more challenging but the global slump in demand for crude oil and falling prices were enough to bring us to this sorry pass. What did us in is the insurrection by “militants” that have been blowing up pipelines to disrupt revenue from crude oil. Gas infrastructure also took hits leaving the nation mostly in darkness. But these are no militants as the demands presented on their behalf by geo-political leaders gave a clear indication of what the real issues are. For one, they think we have no right to investigate or prosecute Niger Delta persons that stole or helped themselves with money derived from oil sales – their warped logic is that we cannot stopped them from stealing money sourced from their own part of the country. Of course, in furtherance of freeing anyone they decided to invite to share out of the oil money, the militants also curiously demanded the unconditional release of former National Security Adviser, Sambo Dasuki, and all charges dropped against him in the record setting arms purchase scandal. This suggests that the points at which crises are exploited to blackmail government may differ but those pulling the strings remain the same. Any indignation we felt from those perverted demands has now been dwarfed by the natural outrage that accompanied the claims that military officers that stole money meant for buying weapons for the anti-terror war should have been allowed to continue in service simply because they are from certain geo-political zones. It turned out that those mandatorily sent on retirement cut across the country and across religious divides. The common denominator with all of them was the theft they engaged in or being political officers as was the case with others. The leniency shown this officers, who were mostly just retired without prosecution, is turning out to be a national misstep. Instead of retreating into retirement with contrition – rueing the ignominy that should prevail until their dying days, these exmilitary men appeared set to surpass their original crimes with that of insurrection as they are reported to have teamed up with the militants with each one allegedly running independent groups as a franchise for the larger destabilisation machine. Thugs who until a few weeks ago were fugitives are now bragging about their military capabilities and skills after possibly getting training from their disgraced seniors. They also

boast about superior weapons that could only have been purchased with proceeds from the vandalised public tills. But one thing stands in between them and the punishment they want to inflict on Nigeria, on the rest of us. The nation’s only saving grace is its professional military, the same one the compromised officers were sacked from. This perhaps explains the ploy to destabilize the military being the only obstacle in their way. After series of propaganda against the present crop of service chiefs failed to dent their impeccable standing among Nigerians, militants were used to fly the kite that there was a military coup in the offing. Several intentions can be adduced from this ridiculous claim. One is to expect that the news would leave President Muhammadu Buhari jittery and untrusting of the military leadership and therefore carry out a cleansing that will get rid of patriotic officers and open the way for other possibilities. A second possibility is that the ex-military officers in their desperation to distance themselves from the ongoing atrocities in the Niger Delta gave the militants the script meant to make serving officers look like the threat to Nigeria’s democracy. In both scenarios, the accusers conveniently omitted to mention or give indications as to who these officers are that told them to sustain attacks in the creeks. Could it also be a slip that the officers they allude to are now the same one that has joined them as patrons? What else should we be worried about in terms of the chain of command of this threat? Ordinarily, Nigerians have nothing to fear about a coup so we should be able to continue demanding that those who have stole our money should return it or face the wrath of the law. To do this effectively however, we must look higher than the militants and the ex-military officers to their connections in government. That the Office of National Security Adviser (ONSA) through Presidential Investigative Committee on Arms Procurement had a pilfering member in the person Air Commodore Umar Muhammed (rtd), who was arrested by the Department of State Services (DSS) on suspicion of corruption, created a credible link for trailing those bent on destroying credible national institutions. Worryingly, the DSS dragnet has also fingered the Minister of Defence, Mansur Dan Ali and the Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) alongside the National Security Adviser, Major General Mohammed Babagana Monguno (rtd) and the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) Boss, Ibrahim Magu as co-travellers with Air Commodore Mohammed. In fact Dan Ali lives in the guest house of the arrested Air Commodore who offered him the accommodation as soon as he was appointment as minister. They are yet to convince Nigerians that they did not all conspire to perpetrate the ONSA scandal. They must all therefore be investigated as they can never deny their association with the Air Commodore. It must be established if they are the remnant of the insidious threat to national security that have been propping up the militancy in the Niger Delta. Like we later discovered that Boko Haram was allowed to grow in order to justify diverting huge sums for arms purchase only for them to be stolen, there is something fishy about the way militancy has been given free rein in the Niger Delta and the ONSA scandal is not isolated from it. We must thus apprehend the thieves in this case before they apprehend us. Suleiman wrote in from Katsina, Katsina State.



PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019

Mugabe and the lessons left behind By Jerome-Mario Utomi.


s background to this piece, Robert Gabriel Mugabe was born on February 21, 1924, in Kutama, Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), in 1963. He founded ZANU, a resistance movement against British colonial rule. Mugabe became prime minister of the new Republic of Zimbabwe after British rule ended in 1980, and he assumed the role of president seven years later. Mugabe retained a strong grip on power, through controversial elections, until he was forced to resign in November 2017, at age 93 and he died recently at a ripe age of 95years. Except for peripherial reason(s), it will be hard not to describe someone with the above achievements as a hero. The reasons for this assertion are barefaced. Aside from leading a frontline struggle for his country’s independence, Mugabe was a man that loved, sought and got enough dose of education. Fundamentally also, as reputed of Heros, his rise to power, his forced resignation and eventual death had not only elicited controversy but left great lessons for both present and future leaders. As an illustration, some have described Mugabe as a blessing to Zimbabwe for; kicking out about four thousand white farmers and gave their land to the black Zimbabweans; and as a lover of education, he layed solid educational foundation in the country which currently qualifies Zinbabuwe among nations with the highest literacy rate in Africa. On the other hands, many commentators have described the above accolades to Mugabe as not factually backed. And went ahead to state that he (Mugab) enjoys more burden than goodwill in the estimation of the rightthinking Zimbabweans. In the style,others argued that since Mugabe in his quest to hold on to power, massacred 20,000 of his

people and not animals, he remains a murderer and an evil man with 20, 000 blood in his hands; adding that he died in Singapore because he could neither build nor sustain a good hospital in Zimbabwe. The rest are of the opinion that the man who destroyed the nation’s economy and watched with disinterest while his wife looted millions of dollars, such a man that ruled with an iron fist, killing his opposition cannot be regarded as a Hero. Whatever the true situation may be, one useful lesson seems to stands out. In the leadership world, just like in the real world of business, performance does not count in absolute terms. Rather, it is the performance that is people-purposed and rendered with a human face that counts Frankly, as humans, we are advised not to speak ill about the dead. But I must say that way back in September 2017, before his forced resignation, after reading a piece authored by Mbizo Chirasa, Poet and a very prominent voice in Zimbabwe, of which the content will form the plot of this discourse. I concluded that Robert Mugabe was not only part of the nations’ problem but that his days as president of Zimbabwe were numbered, however, I neither envisaged it coming that soon nor contemplated it will occur through an undemocratic means. Mbizo Chirasa in that piece noted that ‘the revolutionary CADRES believe that change in Zimbabwe must begin by changing the leadership matrix in the ruling party, including laying off their political lotteries, Robert Mugabe- whom he roundly blamed for the infuriating scorn, the liberation veterans received from the verbal cyclone Grace Mugabe, whose verbal acid burns the fontanels of the eldest liberation strongmen, most of whom are victimized daily in the corridors of power. While concluding that Grace Mugabe has become Zimbabwe and Zimbabwe is now, Grace Mugabe. She

has tasted more sweetness than bitterness in the power trenches since her meteoric rise to the politburo – the highest decision making Body in the ZANU-PF power structures. From the above country, it is deducible that what in the first instance made his forced resignation seamless was that at a point in his administration, Mugabe became unmindful of the fact that he was being watched closely, that people were noting every move he makes, learning a great deal about him and what he really believes in as opposed to what he says. And none seems to remind him that people’s support and their unwavering fate built on trust is the greatest asset a leader enjoys from his followers. From Mbizo Chirasa position, it will also not be hasty to conclude that the stage for President Mugabe’s downfall was set when he against all known logic totally consecrated himself, his government, and the soul of Zimbabwe to the ‘immaculate’’ hands of Grace Mugabe, his wife. But In doing that, he failed as a student of history to harness the social responsibility postulations which strictly advised that every freedom must go with a responsibility. This political miscalculation of Mugabe as a person should act as a warning signal to current crops of leaders planning to, or already acting in such manner. In my views, this occurred because of the late President Mugabe and his wife Grace were deceived by a barefaced illusion that made them feel more nationalistic than patriotic- viewed Zimbabwe as their personal property thereby affirming indispensability and superiority over other Zimbabweans. That to my mind was the missing link that landed Mugabe in this sorry state-a situation that should sound as a note of warning to our present crop of leaders. Another factor that the ‘lion’ of Zimbabwe failed to remember as a president in which all should draw a


he creation story of old sets the scene in which the heavens and the earth were covered in darkness. Then there was light. Light was separated from darkness, because light was good. As the story goes, from the start, light was fundamental to the survival, growth and prosperity of man. A significant thread that would most certainly unravel, isolate and lay bare Nigeria’s problems, jump start unparalleled economic growth and ultimately lead to overall development, peace and simultaneous progress in all geo-political zones of Nigeria, is constant and sustained electricity availability. Achieving constant and sustainable electricity supply is one of the key elements required to actualise the peace and prosperity of the citizens of any nation. This is a fundamental requirement for advancement, security and progress of any country, including Nigeria. Energy is vital for economic growth, as production is a function of capital, labour and energy. Energy is required to power industrial processes and to produce goods, equipment and services in a vast majority of productive sectors, within an economy. Insufficient, unreliable or costly access to electricity has remained a binding constraint to business in Nigeria. Over the past two decades, the limited growth of Nigeria’s electricity supply industry, combined with the high cost of diesel and petrol generation, has crippled the growth of the country’s productive and commercial industries. Additionally, it has stifled the creation of jobs in this sector, adding to the burden of unemployment in a large and rapidly growing population. Residential, commercial, and industrial customers each account for the majority of the nation’s electricity use. The erratic and unpredictable nature of electricity supply has engendered a deep and bitter sense of frustration that is felt across the Nigeria and its urban centres. The Nigerian transportation sector currently does not use electricity for transportation, although this consumption could be introduced, as electric vehicles and trains are introduced. A report by Overseas Development Institute (ODI), states that half of all businesses in subSaharan Africa report the lack of reliable electricity as a major constraint. “Power outages cost African countries an estimated 1-2 percent of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) annually”. Energy’s key role in the economic growth process is highlighted by the positive correlation between energy use and economic growth. In all cases of sustainable development, studied by ODI, energy use is either the direct cause, or the facilitator of economic growth. It is estimated by the World Bank, that the total

loss in GDP to Nigeria over the last 16 years, due to poor electricity supply, can be put at approximately N71 Trillion (US$470 Billion). The World Bank Group enterprise surveys, which examine a sample of an economy’s private sector, reveal that for data samples considered for 108 countries, access to electricity is the top constraint for businesses. Indeed, over 50 percent of the interviewed African businesses identify electricity provision as a major or severe constraint, while 45 percent and 38 percent of businesses identify access to finance and informality respectively, as their biggest constraint. Corruption and tax rates are also important concerns. Currently in Nigeria, electricity is a binding constraint for most sizes of businesses and commercial activities. How would constant and sustainable electricity supply ultimately result in overall growth, peace and simultaneous progress in all geo-political zones of Nigeria? While being the common denominator for sustainable economic growth, improved electricity supply would simultaneously put money in the pockets of all Nigerians, since most Nigerians currently rely on self-generation that cost more than grid-supplied electricity, in terms of naira/kWhr. A review of the World Bank Data on Electric power consumption (kWhr per capita), for Nigeria and China, between 1971 and 2015, indicates that the widening gap between China and Nigeria in terms of economic growth could be strongly correlated to the widening gap for electric power consumption. In 1971, China had an electric power consumption of 151.98kWhr per capita, while Nigeria had 28.49 kWhr per capita. Of note, is that by 2013 China had aggressively grown its electric power consumption to 3,762.08 kWhr per capita, while Nigeria had marginally increased to 141.87 kWhr per capita. Currently, the Chinese economy is ranked the second biggest economy in the world, in terms of GDP. The direct effect of providing constant and sustainable electricity, will be that Nigerians are assured of having sufficient supply of electricity to their homes and places of work. The ample supply of electricity would stimulate the creation of additional jobs. First, the increased jobs would be created via the construction and operation of power plants across Nigeria, as well as the construction of facilities needed to supply fuel to these power plants. In addition, the infrastructure required to evacuate electricity from the power plants and distribute the electricity to Nigerians, would also have to be developed. During the construction stage of these facilities, thousands of additional jobs would be needed. The total number of construction jobs created across the electricity value chain would be significant, although they are likely to be of a shortterm nature (lasting between three and five years), which is the period required to construct electricity generation, transmission and distribution facilities.

Additionally, gas gathering and supply facilities, power plants, transmission lines and distribution facilities would need to be operated and maintained post-construction, creating additional jobs. These jobs would be of a longer-term nature, and would be higher-skilled, though typically, will be fewer in number. Electricity generation from renewable energy sources would also entail the setting up of Photovoltaic solar module manufacturing and assembly plants. The direct jobs will be drawn from all parts of Nigeria for skilled jobs and mainly from communities hosting the power plants, for semiskilled jobs. The indirect effect will be that the provision of constant and sustainable electricity supply, will ensure the creation of indirect jobs within the Nigerian economy. These indirect jobs will be created by the suppliers of goods and services used in the construction and operation of power plants, transmission and distribution facilities. Typically, the construction of power plants will entail the supply of civil engineering materials, structural steel, power plant mechanical parts, electrical equipment, instrument and control materials. Also, the construction of transmission projects will entail the supply of structural steel, cables, civil engineering materials and transformers. In the case of thermal generation plants, this will include the suppliers of fuel, whether that is coal, oil, gas or biomass. Renewables projects typically create fewer indirect jobs. The induced effect will be that the provision of constant and sustainable electricity supply will, in addition, have an Induced effect on the Nigerian economy; the induced effect will come in form of efficiency of services due to increased productivity and increased material demand, created by consumers spending their wages on local goods and services. As a result of the direct and indirect jobs created during the construction and operation phases, new consumers would be added to boost the economy. The second-order effect will be that the provision of constant and sustainable electricity supply will create second-order economy-wide jobs and output arising from the use of the additional electricity supplied. Electricity generated by the additional power plants will have two effects; first, effects due to improved reliability of electricity and second, effects due to an increase in electricity supplied to the grid. The general effect on the Nigerian economy with the provision of constant and sustainable electricity supply of energy will include improved human development. The quality of life for residential customers residing in single-family houses and multi-family housing would be improved exponentially. The biggest single uses of electricity



Agriculture: Buying Nigerian goods panacea to poverty lesson from is that; knowing when, and when not to, is the victory. Yes, I appreciate his love of education cum knowledge. But in all fairness, I must say that the volume of knowledge acquired wasn’t best applied. If not, he ought to have departed the political stage when the ovation was loudest without waiting for the military to boot him out. In the same vein, I am well aware that Baba Mugabe as a scholar must have come across the aphorism which says that ‘for one to know about the road ahead, he must ask those coming back’. But on this ideology, Mugabe, again, failed as he deliberately decided not to ask or learn from the likes of Gnassingbe Eyadema of Togo, or from Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire and other African presidents via their biographies. Instead, he banked only on his certificates and on the ‘grace’ of Grace Mugabe. He brazenly allowed power to move from the corridor to the bedroom. Still on the negative side, when the economy of Zimbabwe under his watch is peeped into, one will discover without labour that Robert was more of a burden than an asset. To buttress this point, it is on record that Mugabe led administration made virtually all Zimbabweans millionaires but economically powerless occasioned by an uncontrollable galloping inflation. Yet, he did not border to carry out self-introspection that will help unravel the great disservice he was doing to both the economy and the people. Truly, he obviously started on a good note but ended badly. However, while Mugabe is gone and we pray God to rest his soul, his life, leadership style and death has presented a very good learning platform for the current leaders in Africa. Yes, African leaders must learn from his mistakes. Jerome-Mario Utomi writes via

Solve electricity, Solve Nigeria’s primary economic issue By Belije Madu

PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019

for residential customers are air-conditioning, water heating, lighting, appliances and electronics. Electricity demand for residential customers tend to be highest on hot afternoons due to increased air conditioning use, followed by evenings, when lights are turned on. The general effect will include the commercial sector in Nigeria, including government and private offices, service-providing facilities and equipment, and other public and private organisations. The biggest single uses of electricity in the commercial sector are lighting, refrigeration, cooking, ventilation, and air conditioning. Electricity demand in the commercial sector tends to be highest during operating business hours and increasing substantially during nights and weekends. Additionally, the general effect will also include industrial customers, typically, facilities and equipment which use electricity for processing, producing, or assembling goods; including diverse industries, such as manufacturing, mining, agriculture, and construction would prosper with uninterrupted electricity supply. Overall, this sector uses more than a third of Nigeria’s electricity. Survey of manufacturing facilities, illustrates that more than half of the electricity used in manufacturing goes to powering various motors (machine drive). Other sizable uses include heating, cooling, and electrochemical processes in which electricity is used to cause a chemical transformation (for example, the processes that produce aluminum metal and chlorine). Electricity use in the industrial sector tends not to fluctuate through the day or year as in the residential and commercial sectors, particularly for manufacturing facilities that operate around-theclock. When the combined effect of all these effects outlined above are felt, due to constant and sustainable electricity supply, the economic growth of Nigeria and overall quality of life of Nigerian residential, commercial, and industrial customers will be dramatically improved. It is expected that this improvement will usher-in an era of unparalleled economic growth and ultimately lead to overall development, peace and simultaneous progress in all geo-political zones of Nigeria. I believe that part of the reason the then General Muhammadu Buhari was insistent on becoming the president of Nigeria, was the genuine desire to solve Nigeria’s economic problems. The government of President Muhammadu Buhari, can start the process of solving Nigeria’s problem, by first solving Nigeria’s electricity problem. We look forward to the day Nigeria’s electricity problem will be solved, so that our journey into sustainable economic prosperity can really commence. Belije Madu is an Abuja-based electricity consultant.

By Salim Umar Ibrahim


n a country that is suffering from mass failure of economy and infrastructure, almost decaying government system in this day and, at the same time striving to get its way out of this difficult situation, this country can be defined as a less enviable locale in the contemporary world. From the depth of its mission to fighting terrorism, poverty and rebuilding of the nation is a hard task not every leader representing such country in the world can adjust to easily. But, for all these to be effective, one needs to draw up some strategies and policies, opt into determining success in this bid. The government alone cannot keep this task smoothly running down the lane except when its inhabitants lend a helping hand, and then a very productive result could be yielded. Many developed countries around not so far have tested and enjoyed it, but

as we always knew, the path for a better change and development doesn’t always come easy. If we take a look at countries like Malaysia, Dubai, China and the likes, all these countries are nothing compared to Nigeria in the last two decades in terms of infrastructure and economic growth – from the depth of natural resources and everything one could think of; but where are they at present? Today, china stands as the world’s largest exporter of goods in the world on a per capita income basis ranked 72nd by nominal GDP and 84th by GDP (PPP) in 2015, according to the international monetary fund (IMF); Dubai, represents an enviable destination being a favorite tourist destinations in the UAE and even the world at large. Dubai’s economy was initially built on revenues from the oil industry but, about 95% of its gross domestic product is not oil-based. So far oil has accounted for less than 1% of its GDP and tourism to produce 20% of

the GDP. All t while in this, it has seen a tremendous change in its economy for the past 50years or so. Talking about Malaysia, this country has nothing compared to Nigeria but at one time, was the largest producer of tin, rubber and palm oil in the world manufacturing a large influence in the country’s economy accounting for over 40% of its GDP. It is disgusting news and an insult upon Nigerians for the EU to call for the Nigerian government to increase the export of agricultural produces like rubber, cocoa and palm oil to the EU countries citing that there were potential exports which Nigeria could develop in commercial quantities. What are we thinking of that one has to remind or give us a wakeup call on this? For over 40 years or so, Nigeria majorly, and other African countries have been exporting primary commodities to Europe, feeding their factories and

in return having beck the processed products at higher rates. Why can’t we see beyond and learn from them instead? To an intensive regretting situation, it is with anxiety to know that we Nigerians prefer to export business opportunities, labor and employment to other countries than to keep it at home and benefit our own brothers and sisters. Exporting to a country that never sees us in every aspect as responsible except for what they benefit from us. To countries that never helped us when we are in chores. These are the people we joined hands blindly to keep our economy and well being down just because all we care is what comes into our pockets that which we can never spend in our entire lifetime. Wake up Nigerians. We have a huge potential lying just beneath our foots! Salim Umar Ibrahim is a freelance writer and can be reached on 0703 296 5551

Stimulating the economy through the people By Poju Akintyanju


here appears to be a consensus that the Federal Government will need to stimulate the economy by pushing more money into the society. Government itself has stated that its recovery programme will be private sector-driven; and through some social safety net measures such as the school feeding system and direct employment of teachers. There is no doubt that a multi-pronged approach will need to be taken to make life more bearable for the people and set the foundation for a truly diversified economy. This article recommends that a large fraction of the stimulation should be done through the people and not the so-called private sector. This position is premised on two reasons. One, the formal private sector in Nigeria is inefficient, unimaginative and complicit in the corruptioninduced quagmire in which we have found ourselves and therefore cannot be relied upon as the major driver of (re)building the national economy. Secondly, at this stage of our national development and given the conundrum in which we have found ourselves, the state should participate more directly in programmes that will rescue the economy by involving the people. The aim of government is the welfare of the people and not profit. The Nigerian private sector is part of the nation’s problems in significant ways. The private sector usage in Nigeria means the formal or organised private sector engaged in big time industrial, construction, banking and service provision employing masses of people. The Small and Medium Scale enterprises as being conceived mimic the formal private sector and hope to transform into it; thus, they are conditioned to have the same mentality. The critical feature of the private sector is that it is profitdriven; that is that making profit is its only goal. This drives its efficiency and ruthlessness. If they do not make profit at the level they envisage, they

attack their employees and may even close shop. The number of industrial concerns that have re-located from Nigeria during economically difficult times is instructive. We can also recall here when the backward integration to agriculture was the vogue by industrial concerns in Nigeria. Once they could not make success/profit from it, they back tracked. The private sector establishments are private concerns and they are not about patriotism irrespective of what they mouth. While they are entitled to their modus operandi, the point being made is that they are birds of flight that no nation in the type of difficulty Nigeria is will depend on wholly for economic upturn. When a nation is in economic crisis calling for the injection of stimulus into the economy, the private sector usually first comes to the mind of government because they are believed to have established structures and possess an inherent degree of efficiency that can utilise the stimulus to cause economic upturn through increased production and employment. However in Nigeria, we have a private sector economy that has no root. There is no industrial root; no educational, research and development, integrity, work ethic, patriotic roots. The claim to efficiency of the private sector is exaggerated. We have the example of the privatised electricity generation and distribution. The level of efficiency and service delivery seems to be worse under the private sector compared to when the facilities were run by a government agency. The consistent poor service of the mobile telephony companies in Nigeria is another evidence of gross ingrained efficiency of our private sector. The private sector in Nigeria does not have robust structure that can be used to resuscitate the economy. We have the evidence of the Central Bank Governor that the scarce foreign exchange made available to the private sector was not used for production but in importing manufactured goods from other countries for sale; meaning that they did not generate additional

employment from production. There is also evidence that our private sector is corrupt, unproductive and unpatriotic. The example of the fuel subsidy fraud by the private sector is an open secret. They engage in corruption which undermines government programmes designed to induce greater productivity and increased employment. An example here is the Federal Government’s Export Expansion Grant which in response to pressure from the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria was designed to encourage increased export of locally produced goods to diversify foreign exchange earnings and generate more employment. An investigation inaugurated by the Federal Ministry of Finance showed that huge fraud was perpetrated in this scheme as the Nigerian private sector floated companies that produced nothing but claimed foreign exchange as subsidy. There is additional evidence that previous subsidies of the private sector had borne no fruit. This can be exemplified by the subsidies that had been provided for our banks whose effect was not felt by the public but it rather deepened the feeding bottle mentality of the banks fastening their mouth on the teats of the national treasury as the implementation of the Treasury Single Account has exposed. Finally, a reason why the government should look beyond the private sector in stimulating the economy is that there is evidence that nations in our stage of development and with the type of crisis we have on hand who invested in the people directly through increased state-directed economic activities were able to build economic structures that rescued the nations and became enduring. The economic mode employed by, for example, Britain, China and Russia (USSR) at the stage of building the base of their development is different from what they employ now. Mouthing or aping the practices in economies that are at a different stage of development and with character totally different

from ours will always result in frustrations, even catastrophes. Consequently, government should design programmes that will stimulate the economy through direct involvement of the people. There is a myriad of possibilities in this regard if Government puts its mind to it. This article makes two suggestions. The first suggestion is that the government should establish new farm settlements. This is not a novel concept in Nigeria. Part of the strategies of the Awolowo-led administration in the then Western Region was the establishment of such settlements which provided employment, produced food for the people and served as a focal point to modernise agriculture. The Federal Government should establish one farm settlement per state; each state three farm settlements, one in each senatorial district; and each Local Government (with some grant aid from the Federal Government) one settlement each. This will give us 918 farm settlements. If on the average 100 farmers are settled in each settlement, we will pull 91,800 persons off the unemployment pool. The settlers will be drawn from the pool of unemployed university graduates of Agriculture, Engineering and Science and those with diploma and certificates in these areas. Any other unemployed person with a flair for farming may be considered. If we provide that each settler will have access to five hectares of land to farm, we will put additional 459, 000 hectares under cultivation (some variation for the riverine area and completely urbanised local governments will occur here). This is a complex but straight forward scheme whose implementation can begin within six months of initiation. The governments will have to acquire the land and do the initial clearing. We may have a residual structure for this in the NALDA. Poju Akintyanju is a Public Affairs Analyst.


PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019

N ews FG to partner Nasarawa Govt on girl-child education -Minister By Paul Efiong


he Federal Ministry of Science and Technology is to work closely with the government of Nasarawa State, to encourage the girl-child embrace and study science and mathematics subjects in schools. The Minister of State in the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology, Mohammed Abdullahi disclosed this when the First Lady of Nasarawa State, Hajia Abdullahi Sule paid him a working visit in his office on Tuesday in Abuja. Mohammed Abdullahi, further said that the girl-child in Nasarawa state, would be encouraged to see Science and Other related subjects as the pathway to a glorious future. “we will leverage with the office of the First lady, encourage the girl child embrace Sciences”. He added. In this wise, the Minister of state said the Ministry will initiate programmes targeting the girl-child in Nasarawa state. According to Barr. Abdullahi, the Ministry have been in the forefront in Technology and Innovations, which have succeeded in having several research institutes that have brought out first class materials and innovations. Earlier the First Lady of Nasarawa State, Hajia Abdullahi Sule, used the opportunity to offer moral support and prayers for the Minister, to excel and be guided in his duties.

FG building bridges of internal cohesion beyond Nigeria -IPCR boss By Ochiaka Ugwu


he federal government under the leadership of President Muhammadu Buhari is steadily building bridges of cohesion in Nigeria and Africa, the Director General, Institute for Peace and Conflict Resolution (IPCR) Prof. Bakut tswah Bakut has said. Bakut who made this known yesterday in Abuja during a Conference on Peace, Diversity and Education organized by the institute in collaboration with University of Bradford said that IPCR and University of Bradford have a long history of strategic collaboration, especially in enhancing the capacities of some of Nigerian thinkers. According to Bakut, “The Federal Government of Nigeria, especially under the leadership of President Muhammadu Buhari, GCFR has continued to build

bridges that would strengthen and foster internal cohesion within Nigeria and indeed across Africa through policies and programmes. “For instance, the Nigerian Technical Aid Scheme (TAC) is aimed at assisting other sister African countries with specialized manpower and in so doing providing the platform for broader continental engagements. “In fact, some of the Nigerians that were deployed to these locations have married our African brothers and sisters. “Similarly, the National Youth Service Scheme of the Federal Government has been strengthened under the current administration in order to encourage national cohesion, integration and unity. “Doubtlessly, the continent of Africa has continued to grapple with numerous challenges

associated with diversity, but these are not necessarily caused and sustained it. This Conference is deliberate in noting the imperative of education as a veritable tool for peace, security and development. “It is important also to underscore the place of peace education in changing people perception on societal issues. Peace education inoculates citizens against tendencies that breed violence and dysfunctional conflicts by inculcating in them the values of the culture of peace” he said. Speaking also, Vice Chancellor of University of Bradford, Professor Brian Cantor who said it was a pleasure for him to be in Nigeria informed the peace conference was first held in Addis-Ababa three years ago and that made them to see reason to host it here. He said the varsity that was

built in 1966 by the then Prime Minister of Great Britain, Mr. James Harold Wilson believes in applied research that is interested in making people improve their life aims. He said the university has about 2000 alumni in Nigeria which had distinguished themselves in their chosen carriers. He said everything depends on education and it is the bedrock of development. The Keynote Speaker and erudite professor of law of University of Jos, Prof. Dakas Dakas stated that the resilient of human nature is to overcome adversity and diversity is something to be celebrated. He said we should open up discussion on how best to manage our affairs. Dakas said when there is deficit in government, diversity becomes conflict trigger. R-L: Minister of Industry, Trade and Investment, Otunba Richard Adeniyi Adebayo chatting with Chief Economic Adviser to the President, Amb. Yemi Dipeolu in his office during a courtesy visit to the Minister, yesterday in Abuja. Photo: Mahmud Is a

FUOYE protests: NANS, Police, Fayemi’s wife trade blames over varsity students’ death From Lagos




lame games on Wednesday followed the death of two students of the Federal University, Oye Ekiti, Ekiti State, (FUOYE), who protested against epileptic power supply to the institution on Tuesday. While the National Association of Nigerian Students (NANS) alleged that Chief (Mrs) Bisi Fayemi; wife of Ekiti State Governor, Kayode Fayemi, was complicit in the killings, the first lady denied any involvement in the unfortunate incident. In a similar vein, the Ekiti Police Command debunked reports of any involvement of it personnel in the killing and injuring of the varsity students. According to NANS, the students – Dada Kehinde Abiodun, a year one student at the Department of Crop Science

and Horticulture and another were allegedly shot dead during protest on Tuesday by security personnel in the convoy of Bisi Fayemi on her oders. NANS’ National Public Relations Officer, NANS, Azeez Adeyemi, in a statement alleged that the wife of the Governor directed her security personnel to maltreat students for protesting against her husband’s alleged anti people’s government “.So as to distort the truth before it gets to the public domain, the government quickly rushed to the press and fed them with lies all because they are in possession of the financial capacity to do and undo.” On her part, Fayemi, denied instructing security details attached to her to shoot protesting students. In a statement she personally signed on Wednesday, Mrs. Fayemi alleged the students,

probably infiltrated by local hoodlums, vandalised her convoy as well as vehicles of her guests during the empowerment programme. The statement read in parts: “While we were at Ilejemeje, we received a call from our advance security team that students of the Federal University of Oye (FUOYE) were protesting a lack of electricity in Oye town. We were told that more information would be provided on the situation. Shortly after we received word that the students had dispersed and the coast was clear for my visit. “Half-way through our event, there was a disturbance outside. The FUOYE students (and possibly infiltrated by local thugs) had re-grouped and were trying to get into the venue. “The security officers prevented this from happening. We finished our program, and

by the time we got outside, we found that vehicles from my convoy and those of my guests that were parked outside the venue had been vandalised. “As we were driving out of Oye town, we encountered at least two road blocks that the students had mounted to prevent the movement of vehicles. I could see students/thugs throwing stones and large sticks at us as we drove by. “However, the casualties that were recorded did not take place while I was there. There are eye-witnesses, photographs and video footage to confirm this.” she added. In a similar vein, the Police also distanced itself from the killings. The Police Public Relations Officer (PPRO) of the Command, DSP Caleb Ikechukwu, described the reports that the police operatives were involved in the

killings as “baseless, unfounded and only intends to incite and create panic in the minds of the peace-loving people of Ekiti and the general public”. In a statemenet, he added: “The police officers at the scene pacified the protesting students, removed the blockade they erected and dispersed them peacefully. “However, the protesting students turned around in their numbers and took their plight to Her Excellency, Mrs. Bisi Fayemi, the wife of Gov. Kayode Fayemi, who was at an empowerment programme in the town. “The protesting students suddenly became unruly, hostile and took laws into their hands, and vandalised the motorcade of the governor’s wife. “Investigation is ongoing to bring the perpetrators to book,” Ikechukwu said.


PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019

Gbajabiamila, Wase congratulate Buhari, APC on tribunal victory By Christiana Ekpa


he Speaker of the House of Representatives Rt. Hon. Femi Gbajabiamila has congratulated President Muhammadu Buhari on his victory at the Presidential Election Petition Tribunal on Wednesday. The Speaker also congratulated the national leadership of the All Progressives Congress (APC) on the victory. The tribunal in an 8-hour long judgement dismissed the petition by the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) and its Presidential Candidate Alhaji Atiku Abubakar. The Speaker applauded the Nigerian Judiciary, especially members of the Presidential Election Petition Tribunal, for doing its job without fear or favour. In a statement he personally signed, Speaker Gbajabiamila felicitated with the Nigerians and the entire members of the APC family nationwide for the victory. “I am elated to congratulate the President on his victory at the tribunal. Ab initio, I had no doubt whatsoever in my mind that the President would come out victorious, considering the massive support Nigerians gave the President before and during the February 23 Presidential Election. In a related development, the Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives, Rt. Hon. Ahmed Idris Wase has congratulated President Muhammadu Buhari on his victory at the Presidential Election Appeal Tribunal on Wednesday describing the judgement as victory for democracy and the rule of law. In a statement released by his Chief Press Secretary, Umar Muhammad Puma, the Deputy Speaker said the Presidential Election Appeal Tribunal has by its verdict vindicated the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), which declared President Muhammadu Buhari and the APC as the winner of the presidential election in line with the mandate freely and willingly given by Nigerians. He said “It is victory for democracy, victory for the rule of law, victory for the APC, victory for majority of Nigerians who voted massively for President Buhari, but most importantly, victory for the truth, which will always be constant.” “The ruling has also vindicated the position of our party, the APC that the Presidential Election conducted on February 23, 2019 was transparent, free and credible and that majority of Nigerians preferred President Muhammadu Buhari over and above the candidate of the PDP; and indeed voted massively for the candidate of the their choice.

Bayelsa guber: I’ll reveal next step soon Timi Alaibe


he Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) a few days ago concluded its governorship primary in Bayelsa State, won by Douye Diri, a senator who is backed by the incumbent governor of the state, Seriake Dickson. But for those who think Timi Alaibe’s hope of becoming the next governor of Bayelsa has been dashed, it appears they must have to wait a little bit before drawing a conclusion: Mr Alaibe, one of the 20 aspirants defeated by Mr Diri, has said it is not over yet. Alaibe was supported by

the former Nigerian President, Goodluck Jonathan, who is also a former Governor of the state. “Be assured that this evil act against the wish of the people of Bayelsa State, carried out by a handful of selfish people who decided to play god by arrogating to themselves the unrighteous act of imposing their personal decisions on us, will not go unchallenged. At the end, Bayelsa people—who are in the majority—will have their way,” Alaibe said on Wednesday in a statement issued by his campaign organisation.

In the statement signed by the organisation’s administrative secretary, Seiyefa Brisibe, Alaibe, a former managing director of the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC), earlier rejected the outcome of the PDP primary shortly after Diri was announced the winner. He had alleged that the conduct of the primary violated the PDP electoral guidelines. Alaibe, in the latest statement, said he has been consulting his supporters and “stakeholders” to decide on the next step after the

primary. He dismissed rumour that he has left the PDP. “Conscious of the deadlines provided in both the Electoral Act and the PDP Constitution regarding any action deemed necessary on matters of this nature, we have decided that whatever needs to be done must be done fast. “We are appealing to our supporters to remain calm as it would be made known within the next 48 hours, a necessary action that will ensure that Bayelsa people have the governor they deserve, in the person of Chief Alaibe,” the statement said.

L-R: APC National Chairman, Comrade Adams Oshimohle and PDP National Chairman, Prince Uche Secondus, during the Presidential election tribunal final judgement, at the court of Appeal, yesterday in Abuja. Photo: Mahmud Isa

Tribunal upholds Sen Jev’s election

From: Uche Nnorom, Makurdi


he National Assembly Election Petition Tribunal sitting in Makurdi, Benue State capital yesterday dismissed the petition filed by former Senator representing Benue North West, George Akume against incumbent Senator Emmanuel Yisa Orker Jev. In a judgement delivered by Chairman of the Tribunal, Justice R. O. Odugu held that the petitioners failed woefully to prove in ground two (2) of their petition that the election

was marred by corrupt practices and non compliance with the Electoral Act 2010 as amended. Justice Odugu opined that the law is clear that where there are allegations against persons not joined, this would be a breach of their fundamental human right, adding that it is unnecessary to join such persons once a political party had already been joined. One ground one of the petition which hinges on whether Senator Jev was duly elected by lawful votes cast during the election, the tribunal

chairman accused Akume of failure to lead evidence polling unit by polling unit, ward by ward to show that non compliance affected result of the election. He also, faulted the use of smart card reader which according to him is not acceptable in law, positing that manual voter register will continue to play a vital role in determining election processes. “Petitioners have a burden to prove non compliance by tendering registers in proper forms, show figure of over voting as well as show

that the alleged figure of over voting if removed would have favored the petitioners. “They also, failed to call polling unit agents to prove lack of proper accreditation and over voting. Instead of calling polling unit agents, they decided to dump documents on the Tribunal. Most of the statement of the witnesses is based on hearsay which is Inadmissible in law. The petition is hereby, dismissed and the petitioners will pay a cost of N100,000 each to the three(3) respondents”, Justice Odugu stated.

INEC releases reports on Kog, Bayelsa guber primaries By Lateef Ibrahim


he Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) on Wednesday released the reports of the primary elections it monitored in both Kogi and Bayelsa States for the November 16 governorship elections.

The Commission, in a bulletin released in Abuja, revealed that it monitored the primary elections of 59 political parties in Kogi State and 64 in Bayelsa State. Most of the primaries were through affirmation, except the All Progressives Congress (APC) and the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) where more than one

aspirants contested. However, four female governorship candidates emerged in Kogi while eight emerged in Bayelsa. Among the parties in Kogi State are the African Democratic Congress (ADC), Labour Party, Masses Movement of Nigeria of Nigeria (MMN) and Social

Democratic Party (SDP). And in Bayelsa State are, Advanced Congress of Democratic (ACD), Democratic Peoples Congress (DPC), Democratic Peoples Party (DPP), Mega Party of Nigeria (MPN), Peoples Party of Nigeria (PPN), Rebuild Nigeria Party (RNP), SDP and Young Democratic Party (YDP).

PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019



Recruitment of 10,000 police not enough -Reps Kumo By Christiana Ekpa


hairman of the House of Representatives committee on Police Affairs, Hon. Bello Kumo (APC, Bauchi) has disclosed that the 10,000 police officers earlier slated to be recruited, is not enough for the country. This was just as the lawmaker hailed the Nigerian judiciary, saying the election petition tribunals have raised the bar in adjudication in the country. Briefing newsmen in Abuja yesterday, Kumo said, with the outcome of various electoral petitions across the country, the hope of the common man has been rekindled in the nation’s judiciary. The lawmaker who recently emerged victorious at the election petition appeal tribunal attributed the improvement in the judicial process to the amendments to the 1999 constitution (as amended) and electoral act, 2010 (as amended) adding that “it raises and gives hope and sanctity and efficiency of the judiciary” He assured that with the victory, he was now poised to offer better service to his constituents and the nation at large. “Now, the

distraction is over and I can now concentrate on my duties as the duly elected representative of my constituents and help move the nation forward” The Chairman again advised that both the minister of police affairs, Alhaji Mohammed Maigari Dingyadi and the inspector general

of police, Malam Mohammed Adamu to close ranks and work together in the interest of the nation saying current insecurity in the election does not call for any division among stakeholders. “There is a clash of egos and interests between the IG of Police, the Police Service Commission

and the Minister of Police Affairs on who will carry out the directive of Mr. President to recruit 10,000 police officers”. The lawmaker from Gombe, regretted that such a sensitive and very important assignment will elicit an “unnecessary clash of egos”, while people are dying in

droves from attacks and killings. He asked the two parties to sheath their sword and speed up the recruitment exercise of 10,000 policemen ordered by President Muhammadu Buhari, lamenting that the number of policemen in the country was grossly inadequate. Hon, Member representing Abuja Municipal Area Council and Bwari Area Council of FCT in the House of Representative, Hon. Micah Jiba addressing journalist after the Election Petition Tribunal Affirm Him as the duly Elected representative for Abuja North Federal constituency, yesterday in Abuja. Photo: Justin Imoowo


PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019

From Idowu Abdullahi, Lagos


he Ekiti State Independent Electoral Commission (EKSIEC) has fixed December 7, 2019, for the Local Government elections in the 16 Council Areas of the state. The development meant that the elections earlier scheduled to hold on December 14 would no longer hold on that date as earlier announced. He also revealed that the Chairmanship form for the election would cost N50, 000, while that of Councillor would cost


Ekiti fixes Dec. 7 for LG elections N20, 000. Furthermore, he reiterated the commission’s commitment to free, fair and credible elections while urging the opposition parties in the state not to boycott the exercise. “We are assuring our people that your votes will count, so all parties must sponsor candidates for the elections. “Do not have this wrong perception that the local govern-

ment elections will automatically be rigged in favour of the ruling party,” he said. On the mode of electioneering campaign, Aladejana said, “electioneering can start on Saturday, September 14 and it has to be devoid of violence and hate speech. “Let there be constructive engagements and we will monitor the parties in this regard. “It is expected that all the parties will conduct their primaries

for Councillors’ elections on 21st of September and that of Chairmanship will be done on September 28. “We will give the parties level playing ground. We will be transparent in all our dealings and ensure adequate public participation. “The most important thing to us is that, we want parties to sponsor people of proven integrity for these elections, because

when you have good people at the third tier of government, they will protect the welfare of the people. “We are assuring our political parties that these elections are going to be model in our country,” he said. The tenure of the current 177 Councillors and 16 chairmen who assumed office in December 19, 2017, would lapse on December 19, 2019.

Member of the House of Representatives, Hon. Usman Bello Kumo briefing the house of reps press corps on his election victory at Tribunal, at the National Assembly, yesterday in Abuja.

800 aspirants buy APC forms for LG elections in Kebbi From: Ahmed Idris, Birnin Kebbi


ollowing the local government elections scheduled to hold on October 26th, the Kebbi State All Progressive Congress (APC) has said that over 800 people have purchased both chairmen and

councillorship position forms to contest for the election in the party. Addressing newsmen shortly after the party’s stakeholders meeting held at the Presidential Lodge, Birnin Kebbi, yesterday, the spokesman of the party, Alhaji Sani Dododo said that over 500 are aspiring for the position of

chairmanship, while 300 have also shown interest on the councillorship. Dododo, said further that the party has expressed shocked over some people claiming to used the party leaders, Governor and political elite in the State as their godfathers, and urged any aspirants to shun such act as the party or government

has no any candidate nor endorse anybody for the position. “We want to used the method of adopting consensus for aspirants but if it did not work them we can allow them to go for the primary, but we want the election to be free, credible and fair elections”, he said. The spokesman who further

pointed out that the party has structured the state into six zones, which makes them to setup six committees that will handle the consensus across the State. “We want to protect our party constitution that is why we will adopt the consensus methods and be fair to everyone”, he explained.

UPP congratulates Buhari, says party vindicated By Ikechukwu Okaforadi


he United Progressive Party (UPP) has congratulated President Muhammadu Buhari on the resounding landmark verdict of the Presidential election petition tribunal which upheld his election in February, 2019, saying that justice has been served as this victory is essentially victory for democracy.

A statement issued by the party’s National Chairman, Chekwas Okorie, UPP said “it is with joy that we recall that on 17th August, 2018, when the National Executive Committee (NEC) of our great party resolved unequivocally to support President Muhammadu Buhari of the All Progressives Congress (APC), for 2019 Presidential election, we unambiguously stated that

we would contribute our quota to ensure that the victory of President Muhammadu Buhari in the 23rd February 2019 Presidential Election would be so resounding in a manner that would make any petition against the outcome of the election to be a “mere and unnecessary national distraction”. “The party conveyed its resolution not to present a presidential

candidate on the platform of the UPP in order to focus our attention and energy in campaigning for him. He won the election with a margin of nearly four million votes to his closest rival. ”We sincerely advised the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) and its Presidential Candidate, Alhaji Atiku Abubakar to accept the outcome of the election in the spirit

of sportsmanship. Unfortunately, they opted to proceed to the Tribunal with their petition against the election of President Buhari. “True to our prediction, they have only succeeded in distracting the attention of the Nigerian people unnecessarily. We hope that their misadventure will be allowed to rest at this point, and save the nation of further distraction.

Presidential tribunal: CUPP rejects judgement, says law turned upside down By Lateef Ibrahim


he Coalition of United Political Parties (CUPP), a major opposition coalition in the country, has rejected yesterday’s judgement of the Presidential Election Petition Tribunal, which upheld the election of President Muhammadu Buhari. The CUPP, in rejecting the judgement, described it as a law turned upside down and an insult and provocation to Nigerians. The opposition coalition said this in a statement yesterday by its Spokesperson, Ikenga IMO

Ugochinyere in Abuja. The CUPP stated that from the totality of the judgment, the Court of Appeal PEPT panel has lost the rare opportunity presented to it by the petition of the consensus opposition candidate, Alhaji Atiku Abubakar to put an end to electoral fraud, leadership incompetence and the imposition of an unfit leader on the people. The statement reads, “The opposition coalition CUPP, has received with angst the judgment of the Presidential Election Tribunal just delivered this afternoon (yesterday’s) upholding President

Buhari’s election and we reject it totally since we view it as law turned upside down and an insult and provocation to Nigerians. “From the totality of the judgment, the Court of Appeal PEPT panel has lost the rare opportunity presented to it by the petition of the consensus opposition CANDIDATE Atiku Abubakar to put an end to electoral fraud, leadership incompetence and the imposition of an unfit leader on the people. “By their judgment today, majority of Nigerians who had believed, though erroneously, that the judiciary was indeed independent

have been brazenly awakened to the fact and correct belief that the Presidency had successfully hijacked the judiciary and Nigerians can only expect judgments and not justice. “All credible observer groups both local and international were unanimous in their verdict that the election was below the standard of the 2015 and was massively rigged in favour of the President, the Court of Appeal wasted the opportunity and have by so doing endorsed the insecurity in the land, mismanagement of national resources, electoral fraud, forgery of documents and certificates

submitted to INEC and indeed threatened the very foundations of our democracy. “Could the Court as it had done in times past not this time also considered the state of the nation, mood of Nigerians, national security issues and taken a decision boldly, impartially and firmly in the interest of Nigerians and Nigeria? “Today’s judgment is a manipulation of the law and the brazen use of technicality to stamp injustice, Rob the people of justice and deny the nation the chance to have a leader that they truly elected in the Person of Atiku Abubakar.

From: Uche Nnorom, Makurdi


he governorship Election Petition Tribunal sitting in Makurdi, the Benue State capital yesterday reserved judgment in the petition instituted by Emmanuel Jime of All Progressive Congress challenging Independent National Electoral Commission for returning Samuel Ortom as winner of the 2019 Benue governorship election. When the petition came up for adoption of final written address, lead counsel to Ortom, Sabastine Hon (SAN), urged the tribunal to dismiss the petition with substantial cost, saying it ought not to have been fielded. Hon submitted that the petition is “bedeviled and riddled with fundamental errors that no reasonable tribunal will grant any relief to it, adding that It is self contradictory in many respect in terms of the figures and scores of the candidates as well as to the evidence led.” He contended that Jime, who contested the 2019 Benue Governorship election is different from the one that instituted the petition, observing that there are variations in the scores at the poll and those complained of in the petition. Hon also, noted that in paragraph 5.06, page 37 of their final written address, the petitioners admitted that there were errors in the peti-

Jime Vs Ortom: Tribunal reserves judgement tion, stressing that there are over 50 errors in the summary of result forms tended by the petitioners. He insisted that the law is settled that a mistake that is not corrected is fatal. Lead counsel to the Independent National Electoral Commission, INEC Offiong Offiong submitted that contrary to argument by Jime’s counsel that only minimal prove rather than balance of probability is required, the petitioners must prove their case on the balance of probability and not on minimal prove. He cited the authority of Ucha Vs Elechi 2012 13 Nigeria Weekly Law Report. Offiong SAN further submitted that the law remains that to prove non substantial compliance, a petitioner must do so polling unit by polling unit, ward by ward and concluded that the petitioners did not meet that standard. The INEC counsel argued that even if the votes in the 31 polling units, to which the petitioners called polling unit agents as witnesses are cancelled, it will not come anywhere

near to cancel the over 80, 000 margin of lead with which INEC declared Ortom as winner of the poll. Offiong concluded that averred that the onus on the petitioners to prove non compliance is an uphill task with difficult legal requirements and procedure. Chief Chris Uche SAN, lead counsel to Peoples’ Democratic Party, PDP faulted the petition as been founded upon misconception of well established principles of electoral jurisprudence. On the use of card reader, Chief Uche opined that smart card reader was introduced only for authentication of voters card (PVC), not as a method of proving over voting. According to him, the card reader report tendered by the petitioners was only dumped on the Tribunal and no attempt was made to link it to any particular piece of evidence. Finally, it was the submission of the learned silk that the petitioners have not demonstrated non substantial compliance and urged the

Tribunal “to hold that the election was conducted in substantial compliance with the Electoral Act 2010 (as amended) and dismiss the petition with substantial cost because it fails on all ramifications.” However, counsel to Emmanuel Jime, Yusuf Ali SAN, prayed the tribunal to uphold the petition and nullify the election of Ortom and declare Jime and APC as the rightful persons to be given the Certificate of Return as winner of the 2019 Benue Governorship election. He told the tribunal that Ortom’s lawyers misconstrued the tables and the figures in the petitioners’ final written address. “He (Hon SAN) seems to have forgotten that the contention in the petition is the incorrect figures recorded by INEC in Forms EC8A and the petitioners cannot rely on same. Where the tribunal finds that unlawful votes are credited to any of the parties, it has the powers under the law to nullify such votes. “INEC did not follow the steps

for the conduct of 2019 election and failure to adduce evidence has made INEC’s case worse,” Ali SAN submitted, adding, that “they have admitted all the acts of infractions pleaded and testified in the petition.” On the issue of calling evidence polling unit by polling unit, the petitioners’ lead counsel submitted that it is only when it has to do with violence, ballot snatching that a party is required to call witnesses who “see and not like in this (Jime’s) case,” where the main complaint is non compliance that can be shown by documents. After hearing the respective counsel for the parties, Chairman of the Tribunal Honourable Justice Henry Olusiyi held that judgment in the petition is reserved to a date which shall be duly communicated to parties. Governor Samuel Ortom and the APC candidate Emmanuel Jime represented by Sam Ode, Jime’s Deputy told reporters that they are confident of victory.


PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019


By Tobias Lengnan Dapam

EU provides N102m in emergency humanitarian aid to tackle child undernutrition in Sokoto, Zamfara States By Tobias Lengnan Dapam


he European Union is allocating an additional €300 000 (N102m) in humanitarian aid to provide life-saving treatment to undernourished children in Nigeria’s northwestern states of Sokoto and Zamfara. A statement issued yesterday by Oluwatosin Akingbulu, Communication, Advocacy and Partnerships of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), said those states experienced violence and forced displacement of people, leading to a further deterioration of the situation. It said the funds will allow UNICEF to provide

undernourished children and their mothers with immediate nutrition treatment. To this end, the statement said mobile health teams will be sent out to strengthen the capacity of health facilities in delivering comprehensive basic health care services, including supportive medical supervision. “The EU is stepping up its humanitarian assistance in Nigeria to help in addressing without delay the child undernutrition emergency that the northwest region is facing. Our funding will contribute to deliver the much-needed treatment for children and improve access to basic health care. Timely help from the international community is essential to save

children’s lives,” said Christos Stylianides, Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management. UNICEF also said that “as many as 280,000 children under five years of age across the states of Sokota and Zamfara are estimated to be suffering from severe acute malnutrition, which is a lifethreating condition. Children are particularly vulnerable given the low vaccination rates against common childhood illnesses. In addition, both states regularly face cholera, yellow fever and meningitis outbreaks, while malaria is endemic and measles is recurrent. “Northwest Nigeria has seen an increase in violence over the last months that has exacerbated

the already existing dire nutrition situation. Recurrent clashes have driven people to flee their homes in search of safety. These people leave everything behind, including their fields and their main source of subsistence. With communities in the region already struggling with the seasonal depletion of food reserves in-between harvests, the current lack of access to their fields means that they are likely to miss the next harvest, thereby putting further pressure on already strained food resources. “Medical facilities in the area are already working at maximum capacity to deal with cases of severe acute malnutrition. Mortality rates in such facilities are very high, as medical care is

sought late, while many facilities are no longer running and/or are no longer accessible due to increased insecurity. “The European Union is one of the leading contributors of humanitarian aid in Nigeria. Since 2014, the EU has allocated almost €245 million to help the people in need in the country, including €28 million in 2019. EU humanitarian aid funding provides immediate assistance to cover the basic needs of the most vulnerable internally displaced people and host communities in Nigeria, and of refugees in other countries affected by the Lake Chad Basin crisis, namely Chad (Lake region), Niger (Diffa region), and Cameroon (Far North region).”

NAFDAC partner GS1 to track, eliminate substandard products By Tobias Lengnan Dapam


ational Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC), has partnered Global Standard 1 (GS1) to track and eliminate substandard products in the country. Speaking yesterday while hosting representatives of GS1 at the headquarters of the agency in Abuja, the Director General of NAFDAC, Prof. Mojisola Adeyeye said, “the partnership will ensure that these regulated products are traceable with the aim of eliminating substandard and falsified medicines (SFs) in the supply chain, thus safeguarding the health of the population. To this end, she added that the agency and GS1 will will on September 17, cohost the second African GS1 Healthcare conference in Lagos Mojisola said the which end on September 19, will welcome more than 300 participants from 44 countries, including over 100 The Director General of NAFDAC, Prof. Mojisola representatives from healthcare Adeyeye

regulators. “The agency is happy partnering a neutral, not-for-profit organisation that develops and maintains global standards used to improve the efficiency, safety and visibility of supply chains. NAFDAC is co-hosting the conference as a continuum in fulfilling the Agency’s mandate that includes the control of distribution, sale and use (or supply chain) of medicines and medical products. “The conference is supported by the World Bank, Global Fund, USAID and International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers (IFPMA). “For this conference, health care regulators from across Africa will join international organisations, regional and global health care stakeholders and prominent experts to address global health policy aspects to prevent falsified medicines entering the supply chain through implementing traceability.” She further said that the WHO recently estimated 1 in 10 medical

products circulating in low and middle-income countries are either substandard or falsified, especially in Africa, that accounts for 42% of the detected cases worldwide. “Addressing this situation may help prevent widespread loss of life in this continent, including an estimated 64 000-158 000 avoidable deaths from malaria alone. Furthermore, falsified medication has an economic impact and results in less trust in the healthcare system. “The GS1 Healthcare conference in Lagos will provide a unique opportunity for healthcare stakeholders to discuss how to work together across Africa to achieve better traceability of pharmaceuticals and to improve patient safety. Delegates will also hear about WHO efforts to prevent substandard and falsified medical products entering the global market. Leading experts will showcase how GS1 standards help supply chain partners, including healthcare professionals, implementing traceability, making sure that the patient receives the right medication.

FG to upgrade 22 teaching hospitals -ICRC By Folasade Akpan


he Federal Government will upgrade the 22 teaching hospitals in the country and construct a new 500-bed state-ofthe-art Specialist Hospital, in Abuja through Public Private Partnership (PPP), according to the Infrastructure Concession Regulatory Commission (ICRC), Mr Patrick Ederaro, Acting Head, Media and Publicity, ICRC, made this known in a statement on Saturday, in Abuja. Ederaro said that the concession model for the existing teaching hospitals’ equipment that would be supplied would be world class

standard and life cycle maintenance. According to him, there will not be a full concession of any of the entire existing teaching hospitals, so there will be no job losses. “There will be concessions on and of specific services, for medical equipment supplied like Dialysis Unit, Imaging Unit, Diagnostic Services and other departments mentioned above. “The concessionaire will finance the supply and maintenance of world class dialysis units and perform to very high output specifications and contracted key performance indicators.” He added that medical services in the hospitals would be run by the

Chief Medical Director (CMD) and his or her staff, but with the benefit of world class support services, provided by the private concessionaire. Ederaro said that the scope of the concessionaire was limited to the specific service over which the concession was granted to the consortium. However, the new state-ofthe-art 500-bed Federal Centre of Medical Excellence, in Abuja, would be the only full concession, where the concessionaire would be responsible for all medical services. The statement recalled that the Federal Government in 2003 embarked on modernisation and upgrading of 14 teaching hospitals

in two phases, considering the magnitude and availability of funds. “The first and second phases of the above mentioned modernisation programme were implemented on a credit purchase arrangement, with a partnership agreement between the Ministry of Health, VAMED Engineering and CPL Medical Group. “This was with a specific delivery joint venture agreement between CPL Medical Group and VAMED Engineering. “Since life cycle maintenance was not part of the procurement arrangement, these phases were not as successful as the federal government had envisaged”, he said.

Ederaro said that the first and second phases were procured using traditional public procurement methodology, adding that the President, thereafter, approved the new phase to be implemented through PPP procurement methodology. He said that the commission issued an Outline Business Case (OBC) Compliance Certificate, to enable the project proceed to the PPP Procurement phase. “It is instructive to note that the financial model for the OBC for the teaching hospitals and revenue projections are based on current charges – there will be no increase in medical service delivery charges.

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Africa, right destination for 5G investments -Danbatta

By Etuka Sunday


ith a large number of 3.7 billion global unconnected population out of which 1.2 billion reside in Africa, the Executive Vice Chairman/CEO of the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC), Prof Umar Garba Danbatta, yesterday told the global community that African continent holds the ace and that 5G is the next frontier of investment. Prof Danbatta spoke as a panelist on a topic, 5G Centre Play at the ongoing Intentional Telecommunications Union (ITU Telecom World 2019 in Budapest, Hungary. With the representatives of global ICT giants, including Nokia, Orange, and AT&T among other panelists, Danbatta said 5G will provide a very veritable and convincing investment for investors.

He, however, said that government alone cannot do it hence he beckoned on the private sector to take advantage of the opportunities provided by 5G and invest in Africa which guarantees adequate returns on investment. “We need to look at 5G usage scenarios, and there are 3 of them: The enhanced mobile broadband applications, the ultra-reliable low latency applications and the Machine to Machine applications. In our own part of the world, we are looking closely at these key areas of usage scenarios. The one that African countries will subscribe to quickly is the enhanced mobile broadband applications. The reason is for this is that, African countries are trying to roll out broadband infrastructure for broadband applications. So this will spurs us on to ensure we put in place the necessary infrastructure,” he explained.

According to him, African nations are trying to reserve the spectrum for the roll out of broadband services. “Specifically in Nigeria we are talking about three, 26, 38 and 42 GHz. These frequencies exist and we are not licensing it for other applications. We are waiting in anticipation for the standardization process to be completed at the World Radio Communication (WRC) in Egypt and then we can see how we can go forward with the licensing processes in the 3 frequencies, Prof Danbatta added. Addressing the audience further, the NCC boss said the other important step that African countries are taking is to address new forms of anxiety that is occasioned by this emerging technology, 5G. “There’s also the regulatory anxiety. And therefore to do that successfully like we had done in the past with every service we

NNPC reports fire outbreak at Ibadan Depot By Etuka Sunday


as addressing the anxiety of the citizens by giving them the information that will make them receptive to this technology that is already here.” Official of the AT&T also assured the audience that so far his company has successfully deployed 5G in the United States of America (USA) with no security so far. Panelists agreed at the session that 5G is not only an evolution but also a revolution and the journey is long complete standardization by the ITU is underway, as everybody looks forward to 2020 when the standardization will take root. Panelists also agreed that satellite communications will complement terrestrial deployment of 5G services. ITU Telecom World 2019, which began on Monday, September 9, comes to a close on Thursday, September 12, 2019.

L-R: Mr.Clem Baiye, Commissioner, Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) board,Hon.Unyime Idem, Deputy Chairman,House Committee on Telecommunications, Senator Olabiyi Durojaiye, Chairman, NCC Board, Hon. Akeem Adeyemi Adeniyi Chairman, House Committee on Telecommunications, Prof.Umar Garba Danbatta, Executive Vice Chairman (EVC)/ CEO, NCC, Hon.Bala Kokani, Member House Committee on Telecommunications and Dr. Henry Nkemadu, Director, Public Affairs, NCC, at the ongoing ITU Telecom World 2019 in Budapest, Hungary yesterday.

… Says Loading to Resume in 48 Hours he Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) yesterday in Abuja announced a minor fire incident involving some fuel trucks at the loading bay of the Ibadan Depot operated by the corporation’s Downstream subsidiary, Nigerian Pipelines and Storage Company (NPSC). A statement by the NNPC Group General Manager, Group Public Affairs Division, Mr. Ndu Ughamadu, quoted NPSC Managing Director, Luke Anele, as saying that the fire which was reported around 12.50 p.m Wednesday was immediately brought under control by a team of NPSC fire fighters within the precinct of the facility. Anele said a team of NPSC experts are on their way to the scene of the incident to ascertain the root cause of the fire and the extent of the damage. The corporation assured that based on preliminary indicators, loading of petroleum products would resume in the depot in a few hours, while highlighting that the incident would not disrupt steady petroleum products supply in Ibadan and its environs. The statement enjoined motorists not to engage in panic buying of petroleum products.

deployed, we start with a proof of concept trial. And preparations are underway for this important trial to take place.” “The whole idea behind the trial is to be able to see what these challenges are. Security challenges, levels of radiation power density, whether this is within the acceptable limits provided for by the international non-ionization radio regulatory agencies as well as to ensure whatever factors that we need to come to terms with in preparatory to commercial deployment of services are identified in readiness for commercial roll out of services using 5G.” He further told the audience that African countries are currently exchanging information and experiences on what they are seeing, “the promise of the 5G roll out in the area of enhanced Broadband mobile services in our individual countries as well

FEC raises VAT to 7.2 percent, proposes N10.07tr 2020 budget By Lawrence Olaoye


n a bid to raise the nation’s revenue base to meet up with its increased financial obligations, the Federal Executive Council (FEC) has approved an increase in the Value Added Tax (VAT) from 5 percent to 7.2 percent. Briefing newsmen after the maiden Council meeting chaired by President Muhammadu Buhari, Minister of Finance and National Planning, Zainab Ahmed, said the government is currently consulting with states and local governments on the issue and the implementation will start next year. According to the minister, the Council also approved the sum of N10.07 trillion as appropriation proposal for the 2020 fiscal year. The minister said: “We also reported to council and council has agreed that we start the process towards the increase of the VAT rate. We are proposing and council has agreed increase in the VAT rate from five percent to 7.2 percent. This is important because the federal government only retains 15 percent of the VAT, 85 percent is actually for the states and local government and the state need additional revenue to

be able to meet the obligations of the minimum wage. “This process involves extensive consultations that needs to be made across the country at various levels and also it will involve the review of the VAT Act. So, it is not going to be implemented immediately until the Act is reviewed. “So accordingly, following these assumptions the total revenue estimate in the sum of N7.5 trillion for the year 2020 and N2.09 trillion that will be accruing to the Federation Account and the VAT respectively. “There will, of course, be the distribution to the three tiers of government based on the statutorily revenue sharing formula as defined in the constitution and to this effect, it means the federal government will be receiving proposed aggregate of N4.26 trillion from the federal account and the VAT pool, while the states and the local government are expected to receive N3.04 trillion and N2.27 trillion respectively. On the 2020 budget proposal, she said “The expenditure for the year 2020 is in the total sum of N10.07 trillion. This is three percent less than the approved expenditure in the 2019 budget that has been passed into law. The total expenditure

includes statutory transfers, nondebt recurrent expenditure such as salaries and pensions and also the Social Intervention Programme. “The 2020 budget has a debt service estimated at N2.45 trillion and a sinking fund to retire maturing obligations issued to local contractors and other creditors in the sum of N296 billion. So, there is a total sum of N3.43 trillion that is provided for personnel and pension cost inclusive N218 billion for the top 19 government owned enterprises in the country. This represents an increase of N453 billion over the 2019 approved budgetary expenditure. This also implies a 40 percent of this recurrent expenditure to the projected revenue.” She continued, “The budget deficit is projected at N2.15 trillion in the year 2020 and this is lower than what was approved in the 2019 budget which was N2.47 trillion. “Let me state that these projections include draw downs on project-tied loans and this represent 1.51 percent of estimated gross domestic product (GDP). This is well below what is allowed by the Fiscal Responsibility Act of 2007 which is still put at three percent. I want to add that council

approved our presentation and so the next phase for us is to consult with the National Assembly and then send the Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) to the National Assembly for their own view and subsequent approval.” Minister of Transport, Rotimi Amaechi, told newsmen that the Council “approved the revised estimate total cost for the rehabilitation of Itakpe/Ajaokuta Rail line. The contract was awarded $122 million but we requested for a total of $56 million additional works which were broken down into $38.8 million additional works and 17.2 million variation now bringing the contract of Itakpe to Warri to a total of $178.7 million. Then we also requested for Lagos to Ibadan with extention to Lagos Ports Complex in Apapa. We asked for additional works for $374 million with another variation of $282 million which totalled to $656.8 million added to $1.5 billion that the contract was initially awarded.” Minister of State for Works and Housing, Abubakar Aliyu, gave breakdown of road projects approved the extension of Lagos-Badagry expressway project to Benin-Nigeria border at N15.2 billion

PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019

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By Etuka Sunday


he Secretary General of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), Mohammed Sanusi Barkindo, has commended the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) for its ongoing reforms aimed at changing the fortunes of the corporation for the better. Barkindo made the commendation on Tuesday shortly after inspecting the NNPC Pavilion at the ongoing 24th World Energy Congress in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. The OPEC scribe said he was glad to see the corporation’s Management pursue the dreams of its founding fathers despite

OPEC Scribe, Barkindo lauds ongoing Reforms in NNPC the challenges of contraction in investment that have affected the global Energy Industry. “I am glad that you continue to match on with your projects despite the downturn in the Industry. We have seen the Industry globally suffered in terms of contraction in investment which affected capacity. You have not only been able to stay on course, but you also continue with these projects which are critical for the development of the corporation and the Industry in Nigeria”, Barkindo stated. Affirming his confidence in the new leadership of the corporation, the OPEC Scribe

said that the competences of the newly appointed Minister of State for Petroleum, Chief Timipreye Sylva and that of the NNPC GMD, Mallam Mele Kyari, were good match towards bringing the muchneeded direction and development in the continental Oil and Gas Industry. “I know both Timipreye Sylva as a friend and Mele Kyari as a colleague for a very long time. I had worked with both and I know that if they work together, they will make a good team that will provide the leadership that the corporation and the Industry require”, Barkindo added.

Barkindo particularly expressed his delight with the Kyari’s transparency and accountability drive, as entrenched in his Transparency, Accountability Performance Excellence (TAPE) Vision, describing it as indispensable key elements towards gaining investor confidence. “To lead such a sensitive and capital-intensive industry like the oil and gas, you must have transparency and accountability as one of your core principles in order to drive change. I am glad I know Mele Kyari for a very long time. He is a very capable and

straightforward individual with high level of integrity even as a very junior officer. So, he has a track record. I remain confident that together with his team, and with the support of government, he will accomplish the task”. Earlier, while briefing the OPEC scribe at the event, the Chief Operating Officer Downstream, who represented the GMD at the triennial Conference, Mr. Adetunji Adeyemi, shed more light on strategic projects of the corporation and also assured Barkindo of the current NNPC leadership’s commitment to deliver on their mandate.

El-Rufai urges Power Minister to deliver proposed Kaduna 10MW project as priority

T Forcados shutdown drags Nigeria’s production

We are working to improve Power Supply to customers -Kano DisCo


s power supply improves in Kano, Katsina and Jigawa States, KEDCO has taken all the strategies available to ensure that they also improve on the recent electricity supply to customers in as efficient and reliable a manner as possible. This is one of the many strategies that KEDCO has taken to ensure that customers across board get more value for what they pay. In that light, we are herewith informing our customers that bills for last month are being distributed and by next week our task force will go out to the field to enforce payment.

We are calling out on the people to pay up their bills to avoid having a task force in their houses and when they pay this will go a long way to show that customers are reciprocating KEDCO’s love and commitment to providing reliable service delivery as such gesture will help us operate on a high-spirited mood in our services delivery. We advise our numerous customers to visit our website or call us on 070055551111. They can also come to our nearest office to get their meter. This is an initiative to bring to an end the era of estimated billings and all

complaints in that regard and we urge all our customers to key into the initiative so as to sustain the cordial relationship between KEDCO and all its customers. Forms are always available at our various offices and can also be accessed using the website above.The prices set by NERC remains the official prices. The prices for single and three phase meters were fixed at N33,330.35 and N63,862.72 respectively excluding VAT The MD/CEO Dr. Jamilu Isyaku Gwamna is assuring all customers across board that KEDCO is now more ready with new strategies to check non-

payment of bills, meter by-pass and illegal connection, adding that such would give KEDCO more morale to serve customers satisfactorily. He reiterated that anyone sabotaging KEDCO’s efforts to delivery on power distribution to its full capacity would be dealt with, noting that KEDCO would no longer tolerate any attempt to cause it any form of economic loss which often inflict pain on faithful customers as well as KEDCO itself. Because of the target of giving a steady power supply, we decided to go tough in that regard to achieve our target.

FG to deliver four FIDs, tackle crude oil theft By Etuka Sunday The Federal Government has revealed plans to deliver Final Investment Decisions (FIDs) on at least four key projects within the nation’s oil and gas industry by the end of last quarter this year. Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Chief Timipreye Sylva, who represented the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria disclosed this while speaking at the ongoing 24th World Energy Congress (WEC) in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, on Tuesday. Sylva said his vision was to bequeath a vibrant petroleum industry which shall guarantee long term strategic investments


and prosperity for Nigerians. “My plan is to ensure that during my tenure, four Final Investment Decisions (FIDs) are taken. I am sure that within the next quarter, we should be able to conclude on some of these FIDs so as to grow the industry,” the Minister stated. The Minister also highlighted gas development as part of government priority to fast track the industrialization drive of the country. “As you are aware, we are focusing on the Ajaokuta-KadunaKano (AKK) pipeline project which will address some of our power issues and encourage the setting up of local industries and businesses along different areas in

Nigeria.” Sylva also shed more light on the imperative of rehabilitating the nation’s refineries, saying that it was unsustainable for Nigeria to continue to import petroleum products. The Minister further stated that while private investment in the refining sector is encouraged, Government should focus more on the repair of its existing refineries. “People are talking about modular refineries, we know that modular refineries are part of the solution but they can only be part of the solution and not the solutions themselves. So, we are going to try to encourage modular refineries but before that, we are going to really focus on repairing

the existing refineries to ensure that we are back on stream very shortly,” Sylva added. Describing crude oil theft as “intractable”, Sylva said government was looking at practicable solutions to the menace. He maintained that government was also looking at the issue of reducing the cost of production through robust engagement with the International Oil Companies (IOCs) towards getting best value for all stakeholders. According to the Minister, Nigeria needed to lend its voice to global energy fora as they remain some of the best platforms where major decisions that impact the global energy landscape are taken.

he Kaduna State Governor, Mallam Nasir Ahmad El-Rufai has tasked the Minister of Power, Engr. Sale Mamman to deliver the proposed 10MW power project in Kaduna state, saying the state is ready to maximize its gains. El-Rufai said this on when he paid a congratulatory visit to the Minister in Abuja. He explained that Kaduna State was more interested in the proposed Dam because it would provide adequate water supply to some major towns for consumption and irrigation. The Governor stressed that the proposed Ten Mega Watts dam a priority because Kaduna State was already prepared to capitalized on its other benefits. The Governor jocularly told the Minister that he was going round to rejoice with foundation members of the party who have now been fully compensated for their struggles to established a new political order for the Country. Governor El-Rufai, recalled that the Minister and himself had been in the same party even before the merger that produced the APC, pointing that he was relieved that most of his comrades have now been rewarded. In his response, The Minister Engr. Sale Mamman gave his own assurance that the project would be vigorously pursued, saying his mandate his to deliver all major power projects across the country. He thanked Governor ElRufai for the visit, Saying that he would partner with Kaduna State in every area of development to ensure the full realization of President Muhammadu Buhari’s next level agenda.

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PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019

Kuje: STDD assures upgrade of infrastructure in Kwaita-Yebu, others By Stanley Onyekwere


he Satellite Towns Development Department (STDD) has expressed its resolve to intensify construction and upgrading of rural roads within the Territory. In particular, the STDD declared readiness to carry out intervention works on roads in Kwaita- Yebu communities in kuje Area Council of the FCT. According to the STDD Director, Engineer Felix Nwankwo, who gave the assurance, it was in response to recent complaints from the people of Kuje, calling for prompt intervention on roads in their area. Nwankwo, who is overseeing the affairs of STDD explained that Kwaita- Yebu road going by the Abuja Master Plan is a Secondary road that connects Kwaita to Kwaku, covering a distance of 30km. He said the road was awarded in 2004 to a local Contractor Messer’s Abdek with a finishing of surface dressing and one number bridge, but stoping at Yebu, which is a total length of 25km.

He revealed that the Contractor commenced work and has completed some section of the road but because the finished surface dressed road has a life span of 10 years, most of the completed section have been washed out including earthwork. The STDD boss said the Department is currently seeking for approval for the upgrading of the same Road to be included in the 2020 statutory budget. He said: “As soon as there is an approval of its inclusion on 2020 budget by the National Assembly, the project will be procured and awarded to a contractor who will handle it. “The road upon completion after the upgrading will be Asphaltic with concrete lined drain at important locations which has a longer life span.” He therefore reiterated that the FCT Administration is very much aware of the state of the roads; and is also very concerned about the satellite towns’ infrastructure and will do everything possible to ensure that they receive the necessary attention they deserve.

A blind man displaying his talent in Abuja on 24 11 2014

Again, SDS warns against abuse of orphans, vulnerable persons By Stanley Onyekwere


or the umpteenth time, the FCT Social Development Secretariat, (SDS), has warned against abuse of orphans and other vulnerable persons in the nation’s capital city. To this end, SDS said there was no going back on its fight against child trafficking and other inhuman activities in the Territory. Making this point, SDS Acting Secretary, Safiya Umar, said the FCT Administration was not

against individuals setting up orphanages, but remains resolute to ensure their operations will be within the confines of the law. Umar made this assertion when she visited FCT Unity Children’s Home, Gwako under Gwagwalada Area Council, on Tuesday. “FCTA is committed to the welfare of orphans and vulnerables, so the report that says after evacuation of children from Jiwa to Gwako, nothing serious has been done, is false.

“The children under our care are safe, they enjoy education, good feeding and other things that can make them happy. “All Nigerian hands should be on deck, wherever you are coming from, which ever state, FCT Unity Children’s Home is a melting pot. “Children either abandone by their suspected parents, those pick by security agencies or beggars on the street, every child of the 36 states is here, so nobody should feel restrained or sentimental in helping the unity school/ home,”

she said. The Secretary regretted some reports that were fronted by human rights lawyers accusing the secretariat of not doing well was misleading. She urged spirited individuals to evolve measures that will assist the government in caring for the children, saying FCTA was doing well but needs support from well to do Nigerians. Similarly, the Director Gender Department of the SDS, Agnes Hart, said the unity home

presently has one hundred and twenty children, comprising boys and girls in separate hostels. She said, “The child’s right act as it is, at the expiration of the three months, the child becomes eligible for fostering. Every child deserves to have a home of his or her own.” The Director, who said there was enough food items for the children both at the unity home and the secretariat, conducted journalists round the facilities as well as the food stores.

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world news


China, Nigeria cooperation will deepen with every generation -Qzn

By Ochiaka Ugwu


he flourishing China, Nigeria friendship will deepen with every generation, Counselor of the Policy Planning Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of People’s Republic of China, Mr. Qzn Hong has said. Qzn made this known in Abuja Tuesday while speaking on a seminar with the theme, “The Development and Achievements of China in 70 years and opportunities for Nigeria-China Cooperation in the New Era” organized by Centre for China Studies (CCS) in commemoration of China’s 70 years of independence. His words’ “The China, Nigeria friendship will continue to develop and deepen with every generation. My experience is relevant to this meeting and its topic. I have been engaged in economic work for a long time and worked as county magistrate and economic assistant to a governor before working in ethnic minority region twice in XinJinag. “I have participated in top level design and grassroots practice of Belt & Road Initiative (BRI). If you like, I would like to share

some interesting experiences and ideas. It is my honour and dream to be here. “My father and my mother worked in Nigeria from 1993 to 1996. In friendship, cooperation they promoted the highest ChinaNigeria cooperation project which was the National Railway Reform. Unfortunately, I studied in Russia and it was difficult to find chance to come here and I am so excited to be here. “My parents built the road between China and Nigeria in the past. Today, I build bridge. I am from the Policy Planning Department of the Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China. One of my department’s duties was to promote international cooperation and build bridge between exchanges” he said. Also speaking, former Senate Committee Chairman of Foreign Debt, Mr. Shehu Sani noted that China-Africa relations have been long saying the influence of China in the economic affairs of Africa is an open secret. Sani said that China greatly contributed in libration struggle in Africa by providing the framework for our independence. “There is presence of China in all

John Bolton’s firing won’t end the confusion over US foreign policy


nyone hoping that John Bolton getting fired by the Trump administration would end the confusion over American foreign policy is likely to be disappointed. Bolton, the erstwhile national security adviser, was a rare constant in President Donald Trump’s foreign policy. He read the details. He opined. He threatened. He had some quite scary ideas, many of which were utterly contrary to that of his employer -- something you would have thought could have come up in the original job interview. But this is not Stephen Hadley replacing Condoleezza Rice during the George W. Bush era, which heralded a shift to consolidation of wars. Nor is it like the move from Tom Donilon to Susan Rice in the Barack Obama years, heralding a bid to reduce America’s global footprint. Bolton advised, in the end, over confusion. And he leaves befuddlement in his wake. (Incidentally, Bush and Obama had a total of 5 national security advisers over 16 years, while Trump is looking for his fourth). It was not hard to know where

Bolton stood on Iran. He stood menacingly with a big stick. Yet Trump blanched at airstrikes in retaliation for an unmanned drone’s destruction, and seemed to be moving towards negotiation. Still, there is no public let up in the US’ maximum-pressure campaign that has led to it accusing Iran of possible Iranian covert nuclear development and bids to pay off tanker captains. Tehran has been able to sit back and let what was the White House’s strategy combust. Given Trump’s ability to swing wildly between topics, Iran surely must still fear a sudden flare-up. French bids to compensate Iran for sticking to parts of the nuclear deal have stalled. And if Trump seeks an ultimate deal -- perhaps through a personal meeting -- the consequences of that will surely elude him before November next year. He tried a similar cold-thenhot embrace with North Korea, threatening fire and fury before suddenly rewarding Kim Jong Un with a face-to-face meeting just inside North Korea itself. Yet the strategy, as it was, has stalled.

John Bolton at the White House last year.

From L-R: Mr. Qzn Hong (Standing), Former Nigeria Minister of Women Affaris, Zainab Maina, Senator Shehu Sani, Ambassador Sarki Muktar and Representative of Nigerian Foreign Ministry and Head of China Desk, Mr. Abdulhamid Adamu during the event.

aspect of our life, in our homes and in even in our environment”. The former Minister of Women Affairs, Hajia Zainab Maina said China has contributed greatly in educating our people and played great role in women development and empowerment with the famous Beijing Declaration. She said the struggle for gender equality and women liberation started in China. Maina however, appealed to Chinese authority to do more in empowering women in Nigeria. The Director, Center for China Studies (CCS), Mr. Charles Onunaiju noted that China has contributed immensely in lifting many people out of poverty and has turned confrontation to cooperation that is beneficial to Africa.

Water discovered for first time on planet that may be habitable


n a tantalising first, scientists have discovered water at a planet outside our solar system that has temperatures suitable for life. London researchers announced today they’ve found water vapour in the atmosphere of a planet 110 lightyears away. This so-called Super

Earth is the right distance from its star to conceivably harbour life. The University College London scientists say it’s the only exoplanet known so far to have both water and temperatures needed for life, making it a prime candidate for potential life. But they caution it’s not another

Earth. It’s twice the size of Earth with eight times the mass, and its star is unlike our sun. No one knows if water’s flowing on the surface. Lead author Angelos Tsiaras says it could help determine, “Is the Earth unique?”

Water found for first time on potentially habitable planet if we are alone in the Universe,” Dr Waldmann said. “Within the next 10 years, we will know whether there are chemicals that are due to life in those atmospheres.” Many giant planets have been found orbiting very close to ESA’s Ariel mission in 2028 could help their stars confirm the presence of life on other worlds The team behind the discovery looked stronomers have for the first time discovered water in the through the planets discovered by the atmosphere of a planet orbiting Hubble Space Telescope between 2016 within the habitable zone of a distant and 2017. The researchers determined some of the chemicals in their star. The finding makes the world - which atmosphere by studying the changes is called K2-18b - a plausible candidate to the starlight as the planets orbited their suns. The light filtered through the in the search for alien life. Within 10 years, new space planets’ atmospheres was subtly altered telescopes might be able to determine by the composition of the atmosphere. Only K2-18b revealed the molecular whether K2-18b’s atmosphere contains gases that could be produced by living signature of water, which is a vital ingredient for life on Earth. Computer organisms. Details were published in the modelling of the data suggested that up to 50% of its atmosphere could be water. scientific journal Nature Astronomy. The new planet is just over twice the The lead scientist, Prof Giovanna size of Earth and has a temperature cool Tinetti of University College London (UCL) described the discovery as “mind enough to have liquid water, between zero and 40C. blowing”. Dr Angelos Tsiaras, a member of the “This is the first time that we UCL team, said that finding water in the have detected water on a planet in the habitable zone around a star where the atmosphere of a potentially habitable temperature is potentially compatible exoplanet was “incredibly exciting”. He said: “It brings us closer to with the presence of life,” she said. answering the fundamental question: Is The habitable zone is the region around a star where temperatures are the Earth unique?” Long haul sufficiently benign for water to exist in One difficulty with this approach, liquid form on the surface of a planet. though, is that astronomers can’t agree on K2-18b is 111 light-years - about 650 million million miles - from Earth, too which gases would constitute evidence of far to send a probe. So the only option is life. That might be more of a longer haul. It is likely to require a survey of to wait for the next generation of space the chemical composition of, perhaps, telescopes to be launched in the 2020s and to look for gasses in the planet’s hundreds of worlds and an understanding atmosphere that could only be produced of how they are created and evolve, by living organisms, according to UCL’s according to Prof Tinetti. “The Earth really stands out in our Dr Ingo Waldmann. “This is one of the biggest questions own Solar System. It has oxygen, water in science and we have always wondered and ozone. But if we find all that around


PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019

a planet around a distant star we have to be cautious about saying that it supports life,” she said. “This is why we need to understand not just a handful of planets in the galaxy but hundreds of them. And what we hope is that the habitable planets will stand out, that we will see a big difference between the planets that are habitable and the ones that are not.” ESA’s Ariel mission in 2028 could help confirm the presence of life on other worlds Dr Beth Biller at Edinburgh University’s Institute of Astronomy said she believed that evidence of life on a planet around a distant star would eventually be discovered. “That would be a paradigm shift for all of humanity,” she told BBC News. “It’s not going to be ET phoning home, necessarily - more likely microbes or some other simple life. Even so (when it happens) it’s going to be huge”. The prospective launch of Nasa’s much delayed James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) in 2021, and the European Space Agency’s Ariel mission seven years later, will enable astronomers to study in detail the atmospheres of the varied worlds that have been detected so far. Water has been detected on other planets but they have been either too big or too hot to support life. Cooler smaller planets are much harder to detect. The team at UCL was able to do this by developing algorithms capable of teasing out the chemical composition of the atmospheres of potentially habitable worlds K2-18b was discovered in 2015 and is one of hundreds of super-Earths - planets with a mass between Earth and Neptune - found by Nasa’s Kepler spacecraft. Nasa’s Tess mission is expected to detect hundreds more in coming years. The research was funded by the European Research Council and the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council, which is part of the UK Research and Innovation agency (UKRI). Follow Pallab on Twitter

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Ethiopian satirical TV show ‘cancelled over political content’


reators of a popular political satire in Ethiopia have said the television show is ending its three-year run on stateaffiliated Fana TV after attempts were made to put pressure on them to change the content. The 30-minute show, called Min Litazez, often took on current political events and poked fun at senior figures. Behailu Wassie, the show’s cocreator, told the BBC that recently many advertisers had not wanted to be associated with it because of the political issues it raised. According to a local news outlet, Wazema, one sponsor was arrested and detained for more than 15 days. Fana TV denied allegations of intimidation. It said the show was

on a break. Min Litazez, which means “How May I help You?”, is set in a small coffee shop. It takes a comical look at the everyday interactions of the shop’s employees and customers. Its obvious references to the news of the day made it popular among viewers. The fact that Min Litazez was aired on Fana V, a station often linked with the governing coalition, was seen by many as a demonstration of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s tolerance to criticism. In a previous interview with the BBC, Fana said Min Litazez brought in big advertising revenues.

Six African nations sign up to post-Brexit UK trade deal


he UK has signed an economic partnership agreement with the Southern African Customs Union, and Mozambique, which the British government says will allow business to keep trading freely after the UK leaves the European Union, which is currently due to happen on 31 October. It allows businesses to continue to trade on preferential terms with South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, Eswatini and Mozambique. South Africa’s Trade Minister Ebrahim Patel said the deal would give the southern African

states a soft landing in case of a no-deal Brexit. The UK trades with the region on the basis of deals made with the EU. UK Trade Minister Liz Truss said: “This is a major milestone as the UK prepares to become an independent trading nation once again, and we are helping businesses get ready to trade with the most exciting markets around the world.” The UK is one of South Africa’s largest trading partners, with bilateral trade valued at about $9.5bn (£7.7bn) in 2018.

South Sudan rivals agree on unity government


outh Sudan President Salva Kiir and former rebel leader Riek Machar have agreed to form a transitional government. The information minister said the new administration would be in place by midNovember. The two leaders have been holding their first face-to-face

talks in months in South Sudan’s capital, Juba. They signed a peace agreement last year to end a civil war in which thousands died. The government says it lacks the funds for a key part of the deal involving the integration of former rebels into the national army.

Zambians urged to cut down on maize meal staple food


ambia’s Vice-President Inonge Wina has advised Zambians to switch to what she says are more nutritious foods as opposed to relying on the staple food maize meal - known here as nshima. Nshima is served with almost every meal in Zambia. Severe hunger has been reported in certain parts of the country following last year’s poor rainfall. There have been calls to declare the situation a national disaster, a move the government opposes. But the vice-president has said foods such as millet, sweet potatoes, pumpkins and cassava have

numerous health benefits, reports the state-owned Zambia Daily Mail. “The gradual shift from predominantly maize-based meals is good for the nation as more nutritious foods will have space at our tables,” Ms Wina said in a statement issued on Tuesday by her office. “The switch to more nutritious foods is one of the low-cost and effective ways of addressing stunting and malnutrition in the country. “It will also act as an assurance of food security at domestic and community levels,” Ms Wina said.

Mugabe’s body arrived from Singapore where he died on Friday aged 95, after nearly four decades in power

Mugabe’s body arrives home to divided Zimbabwe, burial dispute


he body of Zimbabwe’s expresident, Robert Mugabe, arrived home on Wednesday to an honour guard in a country divided over the legacy of a former liberation hero whose 37-year rule was marked by repression and economic ruin. Mugabe, a guerrilla leader who rose to power after Zimbabwe’s independence from Britain and governed until he was ousted by the military in 2017, died on Friday in Singapore, aged 95. His health deteriorated after he was toppled by former loyalists in November 2017, ending an increasingly iron-fisted rule that left the country mired in financial crisis. Always divisive, Mugabe’s final resting place is still in dispute, with his family and President Emmerson Mnangagwa apparently split over where the former leader’s body will be buried on Sunday. Around two thousand supporters, family members and government officials were on the tarmac at Harare airport to welcome Mugabe’s remains as they arrived from Singapore. Soldiers stood guard along a red carpet as military officers walked solemnly alongside the coffin drapped in the green, gold, black and red national flag. Mugabe’s wife, Grace, wearing a black veil, sat with Mnangagwa as a military band played a gospel song. “The light which led to independence is no more, but his works, his ideology will continue to guide this nation,” Mnangagwa said. Mugabe died on a medical trip to Singapore, where he had been travelling regularly for treatment. A delegation including a vice president headed flew to Singapore to bring him home. Around two thousand

supporters, family members and government officials were on the tarmac at Harare airport to welcome Mugabe’s remains The body was later taken to Mugabe’s Harare villa, known as the Blue Roof for its blue pagodastyle structure, where family and supporters gathered to mourn. “He was the father to all of us, so I came to pay my last respects,” said Francis Matongwa, 16, who came with his mother. Mugabe’s body will be laid out for the public in Rufaro stadium on Thursday, before heading to his homestead Zvimba for a wake. Chinese President Xi Jinping, former Cuban leader Raul Castro and a dozen African presidents, including South Africa’s Cyril Ramaphosa, are among those expected to attend Mugabe’s state funeral on Saturday in Harare, Zimbabwe’s presidency said. - Burial dispute Even after his body arrived home, though, Mugabe’s final burial place was still far from clear. His relatives and Mnangagwa’s government are apparently at odds over whether it would be at his family home in Zvimba, northwest of Harare, or at a shrine for liberation heroes in the capital. Protests erupted in 2017 after Mugabe was believed by many to be trying to position his wife Grace to succeed him Some family members are still bitter over his ouster, and the role his former ally Mnangagwa played. Mugabe fired Mnangagwa in 2017, in what many believed was an attempt to position his wife Grace to succeed him. Zimbabweans took to the streets in protest and the army finally forced Mugabe to resign. “If they really felt that Grace had overstepped the boundaries, they should have dealt with the issue

with respect,” his aunt Josephine Jaricha told AFP. “They stabbed him in the back. Robert is at peace now.” Relatives have said that in line with native Shona customs, traditional chiefs from Zvimba will have a final say on where the former leader will be buried. “If it has been decided by the chiefs, they have not told me,” the ex-president’s nephew Leo Mugabe told AFP. “The family and the chiefs will make the decisions.” - From hero to tyrant Zimbabweans have been divided over how to mourn a former leader once hailed as a liberation hero but who later brutally repressed his opponents At home, Zimbabweans have been divided over how to mourn a man once hailed for ridding the former British colony Rhodesia of white-minority rule but who later purged his foes in a campaign of massacres and executions known as the Gukurahundi. His increasingly tyrannical leadership and economic mismanagement prompted millions to flee a country crippled by hyper-inflation and shortages of food, drugs and fuel. Following his death, Mnangagwa announced Mugabe had been declared a “national hero”, flags flew at half mast across Harare and news of his passing was splashed across newspaper front pages. Yet Harare residents at the time appeared largely unconcerned, with shops remaining open and people going about their daily errands. On Thursday and Friday the body will lie in state at Rufaro Stadium in Mbare township in Harare for the public to pay their final respects. Officials plan to bus people in from the provinces to attend.



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PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019


Haze blankets much of Malaysia


isibility worsened in Malaysia’s capital yesterday, with Kuala Lumpur’s iconic towers shrouded by haze. Air quality has dramatically deteriorated this week, with nearly two dozen locations affected by haze nationwide, blanketing eight out of the country’s 13 states. As wind continues to blow haze from Kalimantan and Sumatra in Indonesia into Malaysian cities, officials have resorted to issuing a ban on open burning, and offering help to Indonesia to tackle forest fires. “The dry spell and the southwest monsoon season have further worsened the impact of transboundary haze in Malaysia,” said Minister of Energy, Science, Technology, Environment and Climate Change Yeo Bee Yin on Facebook yesterday. Explaining that haze in Peninsular Malaysia came from hot spots in Sumatra while east Malaysia state Sarawak was affected by haze from Kalimantan, Ms Yeo said the Malaysian government “will continue to do cloud-seeding whenever the situation allows and send assistance to Indonesia if and when they accept the offer”. On Monday, Malaysia formally extended an offer to assist Indonesia in putting out forest fires. However, local news organisation Tempo said Indonesia’s meteorology agency denied that the country contributed to haze in Malaysia. Ms Yeo countered this by citing data from the Asean Specialised Meteorological Centre, which says persistent hot spots in Indonesia have led to haze being blown by

prevailing winds to Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, western Sarawak and parts of the South China Sea. Over a thousand hot spots were detected in Sumatra and Kalimantan. Malaysia has banned open burning, with exceptions for cremations and religious rituals. The air pollutant index (API) reading for Rompin, Pahang, went up to 232, with readings of 201 to 300 characterised as “very unhealthy”, and an API reading of 101 to 200 deemed “unhealthy”. Malaysian netizens are blaming Indonesia and complaining of illnesses. Twitter user Dina Hantosh posted: “The never-ending haze. It just keeps getting worse. I’m tired of even complaining about this. Coughing, watery eyes, itchy nose, dry throat, hives. My allergies are going nuts!” The worst may be over for Sarawak for now, after API readings in the state improved from “very unhealthy” to “unhealthy” levels. Over 400 schools in Sarawak were closed on Tuesday, and half a million face masks were sent to the state after its API readings breached 200. According to news site Malay Mail, Sarawak state Deputy Chief Minister James Masing wants Indonesia to bear responsibility and be penalised by the international community for causing the haze. The Islamic department has asked mosques nationwide to hold prayers for rain to ease the situation. Hazy conditions are expected to last until the end of the month when the monsoon wind changes its direction.

China issues tariff waivers for 16 US goods ahead of trade meet


hina announced its first batch of tariff exemptions for 16 types of US products days ahead of a planned meeting between trade negotiators from the two countries to try and de-escalate their bruising tariff row. The exemptions will apply to goods that include some anti-cancer drugs and lubricants, as well as the animal feed ingredients whey and fish meal, the Ministry of Finance said in a statement on its website yesterday. Beijing said in May that it would start a waiver programme, amid growing worries over the cost of the protracted trade war on its already slowing economy. “The exemption could be seen as a gesture of sincerity towards the US ahead of negotiations in October but is probably more a means of supporting the economy,” ING’s Greater China economist Iris Pang wrote in a note. “There are still many uncertainties in the coming trade talks,” she said. She noted the US had also exempted imports of 110 Chinese products from tariffs in July, including high-value products such as medical equipment and parts. The exempted list from China pales in comparison with over 5,000 types of US products that are already subject to China’s additional tariffs. Moreover, major US imports, such as soya beans and pork, are still subject to hefty additional duties as China ramped up imports from Brazil and other supplying countries.

Beijing has said it would work on exempting some US products from tariffs if they are not easily substituted from elsewhere. The United States is by far China’s largest supplier of whey, which is an important ingredient in piglet feed and difficult to source in large volumes from elsewhere. Analysts have noted that with duties on soya beans and other key imports like US-made cars, China is taking aim at a key political support base of US President Donald Trump, mainly the factories and farms across the Midwest and South at a time of receding momentum in the world’s top economy. China has imposed several rounds of duties on US goods in retaliation against US Section 301 tariffs, beginning last year in July and August with a 25 per cent levy on about US$50 billion (S$69 billion) of US imports. In all, the world’s two largest economies have slapped tit-for-tat tariffs on hundreds of billions of dollars worth of goods in a bitter trade war that has dragged on for well over a year and raised the spectre of a global recession. China’s latest exemption will take effect on Sept 17 and be valid for a year to Sept 16 next year, said the finance ministry. Yesterday’s announcement comes before Chinese trade deputies are expected to meet their US counterparts in the middle of this month in Washington.


PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019

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The fear that a nuclear bomb could ignite the atmosphere

E Former Kuwaiti MP, Nasser Al-Duwaila

Former Kuwaiti MP discloses Egypt attempted to marginalize Government of National Accord and empower Haftar


ormer Kuwaiti MP, Nasser AlDuwaila revealed that Egypt had submitted to the Arab League a draft resolution aimed at marginalizing the internationally recognized government, based in Tripoli, in order to enhance the legitimacy of Haftar in the Arab world. “Qatar, Oman, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, and Iraq thwarted

an Egyptian agenda to undermine the legitimacy of the Tripoli-based government, to confer greater legitimacy to Haftar in the Arab region”, Al-Duwaila said. He added that the Arabs are tired of the adventures of Bolton, Kushner, and Netanyahu team, and voted for the legitimacy of the Government of National Accord (GNA).

Views on the conflict in Libya remain deferred among Arab states, as some reject the interference in Libyan affairs and expressed their disapproval of the recent attack on Tripoli, while others demonstrated clearly their support for Haftar’s aggression against the capital, under the pretext of fighting terrorism, and on top, were Egypt and the UAE.

Indonesia considers easing labour laws to boost economy


ndonesia’s top policymakers are now more certain about the need to amend its strict labour laws, which have, for more than a decade, scared away investors because of hefty severance pay and benefits. Talk of amending the laws had frequently surfaced in past years, but was always opposed by strong workers’ unions - supported by opposition politicians - who managed to send any draft Bill back to the shelf. But today, the motivation to amend the laws is stronger than ever. The strict laws, passed in 2003, have had a harmful impact on trade and employment, said a senior government official who spoke on condition of anonymity. Based on government data seen by The Straits Times, Indonesia recorded US$180 billion (S$248.4 billion) in exports last year, a little lower than eight years ago. Its regional competitor Vietnam saw exports surge from US$83 billion in 2010 to US$245 billion last year, thanks to Samsung Electronics, now the biggest firm in Vietnam. “More than a quarter of Vietnam’s export revenue today is contributed by Samsung, (which) actually wanted to invest heavily in Indonesia, but because of our regulations, they went with the alternative,” the official said. Samsung set up its first Indonesian mobile phone factory in 2015 to cater to domestic consumers,

and has not yet expanded its operations. It has eight factories in Vietnam and opened a new facility in India last year. Indonesian labour laws stipulate generous payout packages. For example, employers must provide a minimum severance pay of six months’ wages to terminate employees who have worked with the company for three years, and 12 months’ wages to those who have worked for eight years. This regulation still applies even if an employee is sacked due to unprofessional conduct such as stealing and fighting. A sacked employee is also entitled to a wide range of severance benefits. Some companies planning to do a major downsizing to keep themselves afloat had instead opted for bankruptcy, as they could not afford the hefty payouts as a result of laying off staff. Others that went ahead with downsizing had to sustain net losses in their income statement for three to four years. Indonesian Employers Association chairman Hariyadi Sukamdani described the labour laws as too favourable to employees - at a high cost to the economy. He also said the high minimum wages in Jakarta and many other regions have added to business costs. Jakarta has a monthly minimum

wage of 3.9 million rupiah (S$382). The city and each of the 33 other regions are required to decide every year - based on a required formula the increment in the minimum wage for their respective regions. “Jakarta municipal government officials and those in other places tend to act populist. They do not think objectively. And when they did act objectively and were later faced with street rallies, they easily changed their minds,” Mr Hariyadi told The Straits Times. He added that the investors coming to Indonesia today are mostly from capital-intensive industries, or firms that rely heavily on capital investment and employ fewer staff, though Indonesia still needs companies from labourintensive industries to absorb the unemployed. Mr Fadhil Hasan, an executive at a palm oil company, agrees that the labour laws are biased towards people who have jobs, giving no protection to the unemployed. The laws, he said, should instead serve as a policy instrument to encourage, not deter, job creation. The minimum wage, which is adjusted yearly, should also be based on individual productivity, he added. “Everyone is entitled to this guaranteed yearly increment, regardless of their individual performance. Pay increment should be conditional, depending on one’s productivity.”

arly on in the Manhattan Project, the scientists taking part knew that they were pursuing a weapon that could give humankind the unprecedented ability to destroy itself. What they didn’t know, however, was how this destruction might occur. In 1942, Hungarian-American physicist Edward Teller, known now as “the father of the hydrogen bomb,” entertained a devastating nightmare scenario: that an atomic bomb could ignite the atmosphere and the oceans. He reasoned that a nuclear fission bomb might create temperatures so extreme that it would cause the hydrogen atoms in the air and water to fuse together into helium, just like in our

sun, generating a runaway reaction that would eventually engulf the globe, extinguishing all life and turning the Earth into a miniature star. When Teller informed some of his colleagues of this possibility, he was greeted with both skepticism and fear. Hans Bethe immediately dismissed the idea, but according to author Pearl Buck, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Arthur Compton was so concerned that he told Robert Oppenheimer that if there were even the slightest chance of this “ultimate catastrophe” playing out, all work on the bomb should stop. So a study was commissioned to explore the matter in detail, and six months before the Trinity test, the very first detonation of nuclear

Geologists found links between deep sea methane emissions and ice ages


ince 2012, researchers at the Division of Bedrock Geology in the Department of Geology of Tallinn University of Technology Aivo Lepland and Tõnu Martma have been engaged in the research of an international research group investigating the factors controlling methane seepages and reconstructing the chronology of past methane emissions in one of the world’s most climate-sensitive regions - the Barents Sea in the Arctic. “Methane is one of the most aggressive climate-warming greenhouse gases, while being also an important energy resource. Changes of methane concentrations in the atmosphere have a major impact on the Earth’s climate. Optimal use of methane with minimal climate effects therefore requires a very good understanding of the processes of methane generation and migration. To better understand the processes and forecast future trends, the scientists analyse not only current processes, but those that occurred during the geologic evolution of the Earth, i.e. the processes related to methane circulation that have taken place over millions of years,” says a member of the research group, geologist Aivo Lepland. The respected scientific journal Science Advances published recently the article “A 160,000-year-old history of tectonically controlled methane seepage in the Arctic” co-authored by TalTech geologists in cooperation with their colleagues at the Geological Survey of Norway, British Geological Survey and the University of Tromsø and the University of Bremen, who studied the chronology and geological factors controlling methane release in the Barents Sea off Svalbard. To study the past deep-sea methane release episodes, the scientists analysed

carbonate crusts that form when methane emanating vigorously from the seafloor comes into contact with sulphate in seawater. In the course of this process small amounts of uranium contained in sea water are incorporated into the crystallizing carbonates. Uranium is a radioactive element, which decays to form thorium. By measuring the concentrations of uranium and thorium in carbonate crusts, the scientists can determine the time of crystallisation of the minerals. “Opening of the “birth certificates” of the carbonate crusts through uranium and thorium analysis makes it possible to reconstruct the chronology of past seabed methane emissions and assess their causes,” says Lepland. The samples collected from the 1,200 m deep seabed revealed three major emission episodes from the Arctic seabed in the last 160,000 years: after the end of the last ice age around 23,000 years ago, 40-50 000 years ago, and 150,000 years ago. Each methane release episode lasted 10,000 to 20,000 years. Such chronology suggests that the methane emissions are linked to the glacial cycles. The pressure caused by the weight of a couple of kilometres thick ice sheet caused tensions in seabed rocks and opening of fracture systems allowing the upward flow of gases from deep subsurface strata. The novelty of the findings lies in the fact that it is the first time that deep-sea methane emissions have been linked to ice ages. The growing and melting of ice sheet affect the tectonic regime in the earth’s crust, triggering methane release episodes, which could have had an impact on the climate. So it is a kind of a closed circle. “How much methane was emitted exactly this way and what were the climate effects, however, requires further investigation,” Lepland adds.

device, Edward Teller and Emil Konopinski announced their findings in a report with the ominous title “Ignition of the Atmosphere With Nuclear Bombs.” “It is shown that, whatever the temperature to which a section of the atmosphere may be heated, no self-propagating chain of nuclear reactions is likely to be started. The energy losses to radiation always overcompensate the gains due to the reactions.” As we’ve thankfully witnessed after more than 2,000 nuclear detonations, Teller and Konopinski’s conclusion appears to be correct.

Hans Bethe would later explain in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists in 1976 that sustained nuclear fusion reactions require gargantuan pressures not present in the atmosphere or even the deep oceans. Moreover, the concentrations of deuterium, a heavy form of hydrogen useful for fusion reactions, are far too low. Fear of atmospheric and oceanic ignition is a nightmare with “no relation to reality,” he wrote. This article was inspired by Bryan Walsh’s entertaining and enlightening new book, End Times: A Brief Guide to the End of the World.

PEOPLES DAILY, Thursday, September 12, 2019




The fear that a nuclear bomb could ignite the atmosphere


imate change represents the biggest existential crisis that has ever faced the human race. However, we have yet to come to terms with the moral, political and economic dimensions of the climate crisis. As we confront climate change, we must ask: What would real climate justice look like? And what is the connection between the pursuit of true democracy and the battle to stave off a climatic change catastrophe? Marit Hammond, a lecturer in environmental politics at Keele University in the U.K., advocates for the necessity of an “ecological democracy” in order to meet the climate emergency urgently and sustainably. In this interview, Hammond offers insights on what this new form of democracy would look like and how we can get there. C.J. Polychroniou: The challenge of climate change has been confronted so far on both political and economic grounds. Yet fewer people are engaging in conversations about the moral element of climate change. Isn’t global warming, first and foremost, a moral issue? Marit Hammond: It is. However, it is important to stress that this moral dimension is not separate from, but rather stretches into the political and economic dimensions — for it is not just about private individuals’ moral behavior. Climate change is a moral issue insofar as it is knowingly caused by human actions, and in turn causes significant, existential harm — avoidable harm — to humans, other species, precious cultures and ecosystems. As is widely known, threats such as crop failures, weather extremes and sea level rise threaten the quality of life, if not life itself, particularly of those who already have the least resources to draw on to manage their lives. It is those who cannot afford to protect themselves against heat waves that die or suffer severe health problems; those already living in precarious, [severe] weather-prone regions are forced to migrate elsewhere and make themselves economically vulnerable in the process. Although climate change is a complex phenomenon at the planetary level, it is causing suffering in the lives of concrete individuals — as well as the irreversible loss of countless species and unique ecosystems. If there were a more direct cause-effect relationship, it would go without saying that causing such harm would be immoral. The only difference with climate change is that the actions that cause it are only indirectly related to the suffering it causes, and distributed amongst the global population — everyone who lives in an industrial society contributes to climate change. Thus, it is more difficult to determine intentionality and agency. Moral blame applies where harm is caused intentionally or through negligence — where there is agency to either cause or avoid [dealing with] it. In the case of climate change, this is the clear case, where people intentionally and knowingly lead high-emission lifestyles, such as driving, flying, or otherwise consuming more, or in more highly emitting ways, than they need. Yet to a significant extent, individuals in industrialized societies actually have very little agency over their lives in these regards. Even those who want to be morally responsible, who have every intention to stop climate change and avert the suffering it causes, are forced to live the kinds of life the socio-economic system around them expects and demands; they inevitably rely on the agricultural, industrial and energy systems that are much more to blame. To make a living, they mostly have no choice but to contribute to a growth-oriented economy, whose ideology of exploitation (of people and nature alike) is the real underlying cause of climate change. It is important to remind ourselves of the moral dimension of climate change so that people don’t just see it as a managerial challenge to embrace. Thus it is important to remind ourselves of the moral dimension of climate change so that people don’t just see it as a managerial challenge to embrace — like another phase of modernization, which the growth economy has to adapt to but can ultimately benefit from — but as a prompt to get very angry about this wider system we are forced to live in. As concern about climate change is now growing amongst Western populations, it has become fashionable to consume ‘greener’ products and to object to the use of plastics, for example. These responses fit into a picture of

areas of economic decision-making characteristic of the current liberal democracies are no longer possible. Only then can a fairer, more genuine and more engaged public discussion about sustainability emerge instead.

Employees inspect the power equipment of a 140,000-kilowatt photovoltaic power station at Gaoyou Lake on September 2, 2019, in Chuzhou, Anhui Province of China. embracing the need for societies to overhaul themselves, to become better by becoming greener — the spirit of ecological modernization. They do not, however, challenge consumerism per se, accept the need for general restraint and degrowth, or push for radical change at the level of the socio-economic system and its exploitative ideology. If it is at that level that climate change is caused, this is where the moral outrage people feel needs to be directed at. Now that we know about climate change, we have a moral responsibility not just to drive less and carry a reusable coffee mug, but to condemn the political and economic structures that are the real driver of the problem. What exactly is climate justice and its connection to preventing climate catastrophe? The connection between climate justice and preventing a climate catastrophe is twofold. On the one hand, the climate justice discourse sheds light on injustice as one of the underlying causes of climate change: Catastrophic anthropogenic climate change is not a coincidence; it has resulted from an economic system that is based on the deliberate exploitation and marginalization of those with a weaker voice, such as people living in precarious conditions, and on the continued prioritization of economic profits over justice and well-being. On the other hand, as a norm, climate justice is what fills this political challenge — to move away from an unsustainable system — with concrete meaning; what would a normatively desirable, more holistically prosperous society look like in the context of climate change? We have a moral responsibility not just to drive less and carry a reusable coffee mug, but to condemn the political and economic structures that are the real driver of the problem. In the past, justice has often been narrowly understood as ‘distributive justice’ — a just distribution of economic resources. In this context, many understand climate justice to be about how the necessary emissions reductions should be shared internationally, and whether compensation is due across societies or generations. But this narrow understanding only reinforces the way in which economic resources define and drive our societal life at present. In my view, knowing about climate change adds a much broader context and many new layers to our understanding of justice: It is about rethinking what matters in society and how we should live, and this discussion must include all voices equally and fairly. When understood in this way, climate justice is the political vision of a society that has undertaken the structural change to respond to climate change in a way that is just. Firstly, this highlights the need to respond to climate change in the first place, as climate change is inherently a justice issue itself: caused by (and to the benefit of) the privileged, disproportionately suffered by the marginalized. Secondly, without such a vision, responses to climate change can themselves reinforce structural inequalities and prolong suffering — for example by banking on technological fixes that concentrate power in the hands of a few, or favoring adaptation over prevention, which then only the privileged can access and afford. In order for our political responses to climate change not

to further worsen the inequality and harm caused by climate change itself, concern for justice must be at the forefront of the debate. In your work, you are arguing for a cultural shift toward an “ecological democracy” as the only way to lay the foundations for sustainable prosperity and tackle climate change. What exactly is ecological democracy, and can it co-exist with capitalism? Justice is about rethinking what matters in society and how we should live, and this discussion must include all voices equally and fairly. Democracy comes into the picture for the same reason that responding to climate change is not only — or even primarily — a technicalmanagerial challenge, but an inherently political matter. Because of the roles of exploitation and marginalisation in how climate change has been both driven and responded to, sustainability can only be achieved once these underlying power dimensions are addressed. Democracy is what challenges and counteracts unequal power relations. For the response to climate change to reach the structural (not just superficial) level, and to not produce new injustice in the process, there first needs to be a shift in who gets a say in this discussion — whose voices are heard. Otherwise marginalization will only worsen. Thus, I understand ecological democracy as a normative vision of an ecologically sustainable as well as democratically legitimate society; and the basis for it is the fact that neither is possible without the other. Without ecological sustainability, there either won’t be any society left at some point, or there will be a struggle for mere survival — as opposed to sustainability as a vision of prosperous societies, with prosperity implying space for normative aspirations such as legitimacy, freedom and democracy. But likewise, without democratic legitimacy, I argue in my work, there cannot be sustainability, because this very vision can only emerge out of an open, inclusive societal discussion. Unless everyone has equal say in this discussion, without the distortions that result from deception and abuses of power, the vision of sustainability that results stands no chance of actually achieving societal prosperity — let alone a lasting political basis at such a time of radical, unprecedented transformation. The problem is that democracy is defined and institutionalized in all manner of ways. The political structures commonly associated with the term “democracy” today — that is, liberal democracy — have themselves evolved so as to serve the capitalist economy and to effectively temper critical political discourses that would challenge this. Hence, insofar as ecological sustainability is not compatible with capitalism, neither is ecological democracy, and so democracy takes on a much deeper meaning in this context. In my work, I call for a form of deliberative democracy: a political culture (that is, not just artificially designed institutional innovations such as citizen assemblies) in which there is such a level of critical, inclusive discourse in the public sphere that the unjustified, unequal power relations, the strategic manipulation of discourses, and the bypassing of democracy in


PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019

Politically and pedagogically speaking, what do you consider to be the best methods or strategies for mobilizing social action to build a movement geared toward ecological democracy? In order for our political responses to climate change not to further worsen the inequality and harm caused by climate change itself, concern for justice must be at the forefront of the debate. The first step is information: People need to be well informed about ecological issues such as climate change and their underlying systemic causes. Pedagogically speaking, this is where a culture of critical thinking is vital, as information and public discourses are themselves tied in with the dominant ideology, which warps them in its favor. To escape this, we need political movements — such as Fridays for Future or Extinction Rebellion — that not only bring the topic as such to widespread attention, but importantly also provide spaces in which the structural and systemic causes of unsustainability can be critically discussed, and the necessary anger at these [causes] thus arises, fueling more radical demands for change. Lastly, we need imagination, creativity and diversity; anything that helps us question the taken-for-granted and think in new ways. All of these spaces need to be inclusive; social divisions and fear only play into the hands of those with the power to manipulate, and inhibit a hopeful search for new future directions for the society. As I argue in my work on ecological democracy, sustainability in the face of the current threats requires a fundamental cultural transformation: not just new policies or technologies, but a shift change in the meanings people attach to the future and to notions such as prosperity — a fundamental new orientation toward what matters, and also what it means to be a citizen in such a world. This can only come from everyone’s active engagement, from people’s own epiphanies, slow realizations, being confronted with what is going on in the world at large. Deep cultural change can’t be forced. Rather than in leadership by the current elites, I put my hope in the new generation, growing up with a new awareness. In a way, what is needed is a radicalization of the entire public discussion on sustainability — so much critical engagement, within all sorts of inclusive spaces and meeting everyone where they happen to be at the start, that the collective outlook organically shifts over time from a narrower, status quocompatible activism toward a richness of entirely new perspectives that think beyond the allencompassing capitalist ideology, to first imagine and then build something altogether new. That’s why we’re announcing our Make a Racist Cry campaign — where every dollar you give to Truthout will go directly to our ongoing efforts to make racists cry (because if there’s anything a racist hates it’s fearless journalism). 1.3 million people read Truthout last month. If every one of you chipped in a few bucks we’d all be swimming in racist tears. Imagine that! C.J. Polychroniou is a political economist/ political scientist who has taught and worked in universities and research centers in Europe and the United States. His main research interests are in European economic integration, globalization, the political economy of the United States and the deconstruction of neoliberalism’s politicoeconomic project. He is a regular contributor to Truthout as well as a member of Truthout’s Public Intellectual Project. He has published several books and his articles have appeared in a variety of journals, magazines, newspapers and popular news websites. Many of his publications have been translated into several foreign languages, including Croatian, French, Greek, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish and Turkish. He is the author of Optimism Over Despair: Noam Chomsky On Capitalism, Empire, and Social Change, an anthology of interviews with Chomsky originally published at Truthout and collected by Haymarket Books. Culled from News www.

AMA CARES HEALTH INITIATIVE THIS IS TO INFORM THE GENERAL PUBLIC THAT THE ABOVE NAMED HAS APPLIED TO THE CORPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION (CAC), ABUJA FOR REGISTRATION UNDER PART ‘C’ OF COMPANIES AND ALLIED MATTERS ACT, 1990. THE TRUSTEES ARE : 1. Ighawo Judith Oghale (President) 2. Adeniyan Adekunle Gbubemi 3. Akpowowo Oreva Daniel (Secretary) THE AIM AND OBJECTIVE : 1.To prevent premature death, disability and impoverishments from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and to create an environment that promotes health through education, advocacy, screening, connection to the right care and rehabilitation. ANY OBJECTION TO THIS REGISTRATION SHOULD BE FORWARDED TO THE REGISTRAR_GENERAL, CORPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION, PLOT 420, TIGRIS CRESCENT , OFF AGUIYI IRONSI STREET , MAITAMA , ABUJA WITHIN 28DAYS OF THIS PUBLICATION. SIGNED : Starlion Legal 08130953118.



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THIS IS TO INFORM THE GENERAL PUBLIC THAT THE ABOVE NAMED HAS APPLIED TO THE CORPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION (CAC), ABUJA FOR REGISTRATION UNDER PART ‘C’ OF COMPANIES AND ALLIED MATTERS ACT, 1990. THE TRUSTEES ARE : 1.Olufemi Enefiok Edwin - CHAIRMAN 2.Victoria Bassey Ukpanah 3.Enoemem Edwin Ukpanah 4.Edidiong Edwin Ukpanah 5.Otu-ekong Edwin Ukpanah 6.Inemesit Edwin Ukpanah 7.Erdoo Nsikak Ukpanah - SECRETARY THE AIMS AND OBJECTIVES ARE : 1.To enhance quality of life for the extremely poor individuals/underserved communiies in our society through education, infrastructure development, economic empowerment, health services programmes. ANY OBJECTION TO THIS REGISTRATION SHOULD BE FORWARDED TO THE REGISTRAR_GENERAL, CORPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION, PLOT 420, TIGRIS CRESCENT , OFF AGUIYI IRONSI STREET , MAITAMA , ABUJA WITHIN 28DAYS OF THIS PUBLICATION. SIGNED : SECRETARY.








THIS IS TO INFORM THE GENERAL PUBLIC THAT THE ABOVE NAMED HAS APPLIED TO THE CORPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION (CAC), ABUJA FOR REGISTRATION UNDER PART ‘C’ OF COMPANIES AND ALLIED MATTERS ACT, 1990. THE TRUSTEES ARE : 1) OYEWO Olubukola Oyegbile (Chairman) 2) KUYORO Ayobàmì Oyenihun (Secretary) 3) Ojo Babatunde (Member) THE AIMS AND OBJECTIVES ARE : 1) Skills acquisition, training, and empowerment 2) Promotion of Gender Equality 3) Promotion of Health Programs 4) Charitable gifts and helps for the needy.. 5) Scholarships and Educational Promotions 6) Artistic and Cultural Promotions 7) Sports Promotion ANY OBJECTION TO THIS REGISTRATION SHOULD BE FORWARDED TO THE REGISTRAR_GENERAL, CORPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION, PLOT 420, TIGRIS CRESCENT , OFF AGUIYI IRONSI STREET , MAITAMA , ABUJA WITHIN 28DAYS OF THIS PUBLICATION. SIGNED : SECRETARY








Ahava Ahava Foundation











THE TRUSTEES ARE : 1. Osarokwata Lale Emejima-Obari 2. Emmanuel Nelson Usman 3. Shadrach Bulus Grace 4. Hajia Mariam Danna

THE AIM AND OBJECTIVE : 1.To carter for the lessprivilige in our society at large.

THE AIM AND OBJECTIVE : 1.To advocate peace in Africa.








PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019








PUBLIC NOTICE TRINITY RESURRECTION MINISTRY This is to notify the general public that the above named, has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission for Registration under part “C” of the Companies and Allied Matters Act 1990. THE TRUSTEES ARE: 1.PASTOR OGBU SILAS OHAGWU --PRESIDENT . 2.MRS OGBU COMFORT ---VICE PRESIDENT. 3.MR. REUBEN OKIKE -- SECRETARY 4.MR. BRIGHT EMERENANIM 5.MR. AYUBA PHILIP 6.MR. SUNDAY ABARI E. 7.MR. INMALO MICHAEL 8. MR. OKPIRI JAIRUS 9. MR. BUKOYE OMOYEMI ISAAC AIM AND OBJECTIVES: 1. To preach and propagate the gospel of our lord Jesus Christ in Nigeria and worldwide. Any objection to this registration should be forwarded to the Registrar-General, Corporate Affairs Commission Maitama Abuja within 28 days of this publication SIGNED: Barrister Abraham Ocheje Sule


OLD NAME:- THE RHELYEESH FOUNDATION NEW NAME:- THE RHEYLEESH FOUNDATION THE GENERAL PUBLIC IS HEREBY NOTIFIED ThAT THE ABOVE named has applied to the coperate affairs commision for CHANGE OF ITS NAME under part c of the company and allied matters ACT 1990 (1) HALIMA GAMBO IBRAHIM-CHAIRMAN (2) IBRAHIM ABDULRAHAMAN MANZUMA-SECRETARY (3) KALTUME ABUBAKAR GAMBO (4) UMA KALTUME MOHAMMED (5) ABDUL YUSUF (6) TAHIR GAMBO ABUBAKAR. AIMS/OBJectives:(1) To provide social, educational and economic empowerment for women. (2) To provide guidance to women and youths (3) To work to uplift the status of women and youths (4) To organize and sponsor leadership seminars/workshop for women and youths.

MOHAMMED I, formerly known as ABDULLAHI MUHAMMAD And MUHAMMED ABDULLAHI HARUNA now wish to be known and addressed as MOHAMMED ABDULLAHI HARUNA. All former documents remain valid. Authorities concerned and the general public should please take note.


The general public is here by notify that the C of O of plot number 743 with file number MISC 117931 LOCATED at INSTITUTIONS And RESEARCH CADASTRAL ZONE: COO IN FCT ABUJA belonging to zaina Nigeria limited GOT LOST and was duly reported to the police if found please return to the nearest police station general public (AGIS)ABUJA GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS TAKE NOTE LOSS OF DOCUMENT

This is to inform the general public of the lost of original offer letter of allocation of plot 2689 cadastral zone B08 jahi district Abuja file no. Misc 105964 in the name of CJ&B construction ltd. all effort made to trace the said document prove abortive agis, fcda and general public take note







FWC Inaugurates Committee for FCT Senior Secondary School Competition



Any objection to this APPLICATION should be forwaded to the registra genetral coperate affairs commision plot 420 tigris crescent maitama abuja withing 28 days of this publication, SMS- 08142929046



AIM/OBJective:(1) Reduce child and maternal mortality ratio by providing basic health education and access to health facilities to the indigent segment of the society.





thursday September 12, 2019









Members of the committee and FWC FC Management after the inauguration By Amaechi Agbo


he management of Family Worship Centre Football Club, FWC FC, Wednesday inaugurated the organising committee for the maiden edition of FCT Senior Secondary School football competition slated to start in October, Bestchoicesports. can report. Speaking during the inauguration FWC FC chairman, Pastor Yakubu Adamu Yola charged the members to be diligent in discharge of their duties and ensure that the competition is a huge success. The chairman who was visibly elated with the constitution of the committee stated that the management is willing to do all it could to promote grassroots sports in the FCT and beyond Pastor Yakubu further bemoaned lack of premier league matches in the FCT due to none promotion of FCT clubs to the elite

Nigeria club championship adding that the dream of the FWC FC management is to produce future players through the Senior Secondary Schools football championship. “We have passion for the youths and we have come to understand that one of the things we need to do for youths is to help them leverage on their talents that God has given them. And one of the talents God has given the youths is sport particularly football. “Football has become answer to a lot of youthful problems we have faced in our society today. It has been the remedy for a lot of youths that have lost direction. Therefore, we have realised the increasing need and how fitting it has become to help the youths to harness their God-given talents so that they can be useful to the society. “We are hoping, and it is our prayer, that from this competition that talents will come out; that through this competition, great professionals in football will come out. We

believe that through this competition, talents will come out to represent FCT and Nigeria at global competitions. “We have a plan that at the end of this competition, we also will, through our commitment, work to help them further their career in whatever way we can contribute. We are at present in talks with clubs and agents outside the country and we are believing God that we are going to help them. Ours is basically to be of help and see how we can serve as bridge between these youths and their dreams and a good profession in football. If we are able to achieve that, we will have fulfilled one of the mandates that was given to us. “We are also hoping that this is the beginning of a long term project such that every year, we should be able to host this competition. “And it is on this basis that the committee knows that their work is enormous and requires diligence to perform. But be rest

assured of our maximum support. “It is a thing of worry that there is no premier league match in the federal capital and this is a big minus. Nevertheless, it is to solve a problem like this that FWC FC is on board and we also want to promote grassroots football,” he said. The 7-member Local Organising Committee has Mr. Promise Uwaeme as chairman while Timothy Aiyeku will serve as secretary. The full members are as follows Mr. Promise Uwaeme – Chairman; Mr Timothy Aiyeku – Secretary; Mr. Olayinka Oladunjuoye – Member; Mr. George Momoh – Member; Mrs. Odiri Akpan – Member and Representatives of FCT Senior Secondary School Board, FCT Senior Secondary School Board and Representative of FCT Football Association. A total of 57 senior secondary schools have registered to participate in the competition.

Minister inspects Africa Olympic Committee Secretariat in Abuja




PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019


Tokyo 2020 qualification: NBBF thanks President Buhari, minister for World Cup exploit



Minister inspects Africa Olympic Committee Secretariat in Abuja


he Nigeria Basketball Federation has thanked the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, His Excellency, Muhammadu Buhari and the Honorable Minister of Youth and Sports Development Sunday Dare after the D’Tigers booked a place in the 2020 Olympic Games. Speaking immediately after their victory against China at the 2019 FIBA World Cup, the NBBF President, Engr Musa Kida said putting up a good show would not have been possible without the fatherly roles of President Buhari and the Minister. Kida revealed that Federal Government through the Honorable Minister called minutes before the win or burst game to encourage the team as well as brace them up for the challenge ahead. “The Minister called before the game and he actually gave a message for the team which I conveyed to them. His called before the game which gave the boys enough motivation stepping onto the court with 200 million Nigerians behind them.” Commending the President and the Minister, Kida said “The Honorable Minister called back after the match, spoke to them and thanked them on behalf of 200 million Nigerians and the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, His Excellency, Muhammadu Buhari” Kida specifically highlighted government’s financial backing which made the 2019 World Cup campaign easier for the federation. He said the gesture has shown the new policy direction of the Federal Government through the Ministry of Sports to recognize excellence. “We are sincerely thanking them for their prompt financial intervention during the hours of our dire needs. Without the financial support, maybe it would have been impossible to talk about coming to the World Cup or qualifying for the Olympics”. The NBBF President said that basketball has come to stay while the federation will leave no stone unturned to continue putting smiles on the faces of Nigeria. “I am not surprised that our boys went out with the Nigerian spirit, fought very hard, played hard, defended very hard and they won. Basketball in Nigeria has come to stay and we are out to shock everybody.”

Minister of Youth and Sports Development, Sunday Dare inspecting Africa Olympic Committee Secretariat in Abuja on Monday he minister of Youth and Sports while on an inspection visit to the secretariat Abuja. “The Nigeria Federal Ministry of Youth Development, Sunday Dare has sited at Jahi, a satellite town in the nation’s disclosed the ministry’s readiness capital on Monday and Sports are committed to delivering on “The Association of National Olympic that project,” he said. and commitment to complete the building of the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa, ANOCA is a body The minister was accompanied on the Committees of Africa, ANOCA, secretariat that unites the 54 National Olympic inspection by the President, Nigeria Olympic Committees of Africa. Today, I inspected Committee, NOC, Engr. Habu Gumel and in Abuja, Nigeria’s Capital. The minister made the commitment the construction of its secretariat in Jahi, other officials of the ministry and the NOC


Imo Gov. Honours Falcons Captain with Environmental Ambassador Award By Amaechi Agbo


etermined to bring back ex internationals as well as integrating active sports men and women from Imo into the state’s governance, Governor of Imo State, Emeka Ihedioha has bestowed on Super Falcons captain, Desire Oparanozie Environmental Ambassador Award, can report. The award, which is part of the campaign of the new government in Imo State to keep the state clean, was awarded to Miss Oparanozie for her commitment in championing the course of good governance and her contribution to sports development in the state via her foundation. Responding to the honour done her, Desire Oparanozie who recently launched her foundation in the state, said she was honoured to be named as the state’s environmental ambassador adding that together, they will make the state great again “Honoured to have been named the state environmental ambassador by His Excellency, Rt. Hon. Emeka Ihedioha. Together we shall make Imo great again,” she said Governor Ihedioha had on July 15, launched the Imo State monthly environmental clean-up exercise with a view to keeping the state clean.. The Governor also reinstituted the monthly Governor’s Prize for the Cleanest Local Government Area, as well as the Cleanest Autonomous Community, Primary School and Secondary School, respectively in each LGA. The Guingamp of French Division 1

Super Falcons Captain, Desire Oparanozie Féminine player in July this year launched her new foundation, Desire Oparanozie Foundation, DOF with the aim to We are a non-profit organization independent of the government with the aim to “inspire and empower the African child who dares to

dream despite their seemingly challenging environment with limited opportunities. “To help raise young athletes that can think for themselves, make the right decisions and stay focused on their goal in a technology-driven world with potentially lots of distractions.”

PEOPLES DAILY, thursday September 12, 2019


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thursday September 12, 2019


SPORTS Xenophobia: Etymology of a hate-word latest

By Mohammed Adamu

Fenerbahce May Terminate Victor Moses’ Loan Deal


ormer Super Eagles winger Victor Moses’ dream of having his loan deal at Fenerbahçe converted to a permanent contract may not see the light of the day after all. It was learnt that the Turkish club appears to have been waded off due to Moses’ £75,000-a-week wages, in addition to the fee required to sign him. The Nigerian international, who has been on the radar of Inter Milan’s manager, Antonio Conte, at the just concluded summer transfer window, joined Fenerbahçe in January 2019, from parent club, Chelsea. He was instrumental to the team’s progress last season, where he netted four goals in 14 Super Lig appearances. With his contract set to expire in 2021, there are indications that the former Wigan star may return to Chelsea if Fernabache fails to reach an agreement with the London Club.

Lille salute Victor Osimhen on Super Eagles maiden goal


rench Ligue 1 side Lille have congratulated Victor Osimhen for his maiden goal for the Super Eagles in Tuesday’s friendly against Ukraine at the Dnipro Arena. Osimhen was on target in the 33rd minute from the penalty spot after Samuel Kalu was fouled by Eduard Sobol inside the box. “A first senior international goal for Victor Osimhen! A perfect penalty kick in @ NGSuperEagles 2-2 draw Ukraine: nicely done,” reads a tweet on the club’s Twitter handle.

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he first time I looked up the dictionary meaning of ‘xenophobia’ I realized just how presumptively carefree sometimes we can get with definitional issues. The word was not what I had always thought it was. I had allowed, to settle in my subliminal mind, a journeyman’s understanding of it as ‘pigmented racialism’. And over time I had not only wrongly presumed ‘xenophobia’ as ‘color hate’, but restrictively too, a one-way Caucasian attitude against blacks. Not that I denied that blacks were capable of pigmented racialism, but that definitionally, I thought they should be in-capable of xenophobia, -because, like Zionism has patented ‘Holocaust’ for the experience only of European Jews in the hands of Nazi Germany, I thought that etymologically ‘xenophobia’ too was some patented hate-luxury that only the whites could afford, at the expense of blacks. Until a few months back, when the repeated use of the term ‘xenophobia’ in describing what South Africans were doing to black migrants, motivated a definitional voyage into the encyclopedias of the English language, law and politics, -to unravel the linguistic, etymological and legal implications of the term, ‘xenophobia’. Encarta English Dictionary defines the word as “intense fear” or “dislike” of “foreign people”; and Oxford Dictionary, as “deep-rooted fear towards foreigners”. But Webster’s includes a less humanoid, more generic sense of the word as: “fear of the unfamiliar”. ‘Xenophobia’ originated from the Greek word ‘xenos’ (‘strange’ or ‘foreign’) and ‘phobos’ (‘fear’ or ‘dislike’). Thus to be ‘xenophobic’ it is sufficient only to ‘fear’ or to ‘dislike’ the ‘unfamiliar’, the ‘strange’ or the ‘foreign’. It does not necessarily include to ‘hate’ or to harm the objects of that ‘fear’ or ‘dislike’. Which is not to suggest that the word ‘hate’ may not be a passable synonym of ‘dislike’. Suffice it to say that every man or state has the right to be xenophobic –provided that they do no violence physically to the objects of their ‘fear’, ‘dislike’ or even ‘hate’. And maybe it is the reason the term is also defined socio-politically as: an ‘extreme form of nationalism’ which, aside its primary meaning as ‘desire for political independence’, also refers to: extremely passionate desire to be free from foreign control; or an overly protective, defensive or watchful loyalty to one’s country; or an excessive or fanatical devotion to one’s nation’. None of which includes the right to do harm to the objects of one’s ‘fear’, ‘dislike’ or ‘hate’. But ‘xenophobia’ is also associated with the term ‘ethnocentrism’ –a conviction of one’s cultural or social superiority. Which, ironically here,

0806 564 8620 0704 385 9705 0814 292 9046 08074420617

THURSDAY Column WITH Mohammed Adamu (08035892325 sms only) South Africans cannot be said to be guilty of; because it is the flip side of the socio-cultural complex, namely a feeling of socio-cultural ‘inferiority’, that they seem pathologically to be plagued by. In a sense meaning that they deserve more of our sympathy than they do our antipathy. By the way, ‘xenophobia’ is linked also, to the term ‘isolationism’ –a form of nationalism that historians say was the underlying ardor which once ‘spawned the policies of China and Japan’ towards Europe. Again this policy is defined by three mutually inclusive nuances, namely: ‘protectionism’, ‘patriotism’ and –here we go again- ‘xenophobia’. None of which, again, justifies violence against foreigners or strangers. Penguin’s ‘Dictionary of International Relations’ said that in its most extreme form, “xenophobia may often also reflect a paranoid view of the outside world” especially by political leaders, -like the paranoia of Russia’s communist Stalin which led to the creation of an isolationist –even if ideologically protectivecommunist ‘Iron Curtain’ on the Russian continent; or the paranoia of Germany’s Nazi-Hitler, which led to the glorification of the Aryan race and its proclaimed right to rule the world; or the paranoia of Italy’s fascist Mussolini, who allied with the German Fuhrer to levy a war on the world. Said a Spanish Diplomat, Salvador de Madariaga, “In politics, as in grammar, one should be able to tell the substantives from the adjectives. Hitler was a substantive; Mussolini only an adjective. Hitler was a nuisance. Mussolini was bloody. Together a bloody nuisance”. Needless to say that of these history’s ignoble models that South Africa apes after, Ramaphosa may only be just a ‘gas-chamber’ away from donning the Nazi ‘swastika’ as epaulet of honor! By the way, every state, they say, is blotted by a little tinge of xenophobia; the degree to which it is allowed to intrude into policy-making varies with varying circumstances. Xenophobia is encouraged during wartime to forge a common purpose, but in peacetime unfortunately it can be manipulated to provide scapegoats for policy failure –which obviously is what Ramaphosa’s failing ANC Government appears to be doing. By the way, even the word ‘patriotism’ –which is one of the many

elements that define ‘nationalism’- is itself further defined by three other elements, namely: 1, ‘jingoism’, (a belligerent, often blind, form of nationalism that expresses itself harshly towards other countries); 2, ‘chauvinism’, (an aggressive, unreasoning or over-enthusiastic form of patriotism’); and, –here we go again- 3, ‘xenophobia’. And so xenophobia, like jingoism or chauvinism, cannot, all by itself, be legally offensive. Needless to say that Jewry’s attempt to make ‘antiSemitism’ a ‘hate crime’ still remains jurisprudentially contentious under international law; -reason being that: merely ‘hating’, ‘fearing’ or ‘disliking’ a people without that hatred, fear or dislike manifesting itself in physical, mental or psychological harm to them, cannot be justiciable. To sue solely upon a xenophobic conduct is to criminalize ‘mens rea’ or ‘guilty mind’, without an ‘actus reus’ or the ‘guilty act’. And just like freely swinging one’s arm without harming another has never been an offence under the law, it is inconceivable that merely ‘fearing’ or ‘disliking’ others should ever be. When Lord Denning said “your right to swing your arm ends where my nose begins”, what he meant was that as people have a right under the law –needfully or needlesslyto swing their arms, so do others have, the corresponding right not to anticipate harm from the needless or even if needful swinging of others’ arms. Thus what South Africans are doing to migrants (killing, maiming and looting their shops) cannot be said to be ‘xenophobic’. It is something worse than xenophobia. They, –like the notorious Russian or German ‘Skin-Heads’ do, have taken ‘xenophobia’ beyond its passive text book meaning to an active, extradefinitive realm by doing physical, mental and psychological violence to the objects of their ‘dislike’ and the sources of their ‘fear’. Legallyspeaking South Africans have swung their arms beyond the threshold of their ‘Denning’s Right’ to include the right to bruise the noses of others. Thus etymologically and linguistically ‘xenophobia’ is hardly ever as guilty as it is charged; because, alone it neither kills nor maim nor burgle nor torch the property of those that it fears or dislikes. And Just like antiSemitics or Islamaphobes, people can be xenophobic without having to

harm those that they fear or dislike. Xenophobia, un-like terrorism, is supposed to be a state of mind and not an existential, smoldering ball of ‘hate’ rolling in action. And maybe both neologists and jurists still have some work to do: namely to give us a different word for ‘hate-crime’ which is induced by xenophobia; so that we have the right word not only to theorize with, but also to sue by! POSTSCRIPT And maybe it is the reason South Africa’s complicit political leaders have the nerve to tell the world that ‘xenophobia’ is not listed as an offence under their country’s legal system, and that therefore neither xenophobes would be punished nor compensation paid for the lootings perpetrated by xenophobes. In truth, ‘xenophobia’ is not and cannot be an offence under any legal system! But murder, arson, theft, burglary, battery and assault, are! Plus, you do not necessarily require a written law crafted with ‘xenophobia’ in mind before compensation can be paid for lives and property lost as a result of obvious ‘hate crimes’ committed against law-abiding migrants. Some hopeless, shameless, female Minister of Defense with a tongue-twister for a name –Nosiviwe MapisaNqakula- had said that the South African Government is incapable of stopping the killing and looting! Nothing can be more complicit! This proves that from mere xenophobia to burglary and arson to murder, South Africa’s political leaders and many of her murderous, thieving citizens, are ripening fast for plucking; if not under municipal laws for the regular statutory criminal offences, then maybe for offences of serious concern to international law, namely: genocide, crimes against peace and crimes against humanity! The International Criminal Court, ICC must be getting ready for the plucking!

DAN Dan GAYE gaye

Army dismisses soldier who killed motorcyclist in Abia - News

He should pay the price!

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