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Vol. 13 No. 59

Friday, May 9, 2014

. . . putting the people first

Rajab 10, 1435 AH

N150

Abducted schoolgirls

World leaders demand new rescue approach

 As protests continue across states >>pg 2  ‘B/Haram offers to swap girls for jailed colleagues’

R-L: President Paul Kagame of Rwanda, President Macky Sall of Senegal , President Boni Yayi of Benin Republic, former South Africa President Thabo Mbeki, and other world leaders, during the opening of the 42nd World Economic Forum on Africa, yesterday in Abuja. Photo: Joe Oroye

$20bn oil funds: FG names Pricewater House forensic auditors T

By Etuka Sunday

 Firm to submit report in 16 weeks >>> PAGE 3

How economy can grow without stable energy – Dangote

>>> PAGE 5

Probe budgetary allocations to security, APC urges NASS

he Federal Government yesterday said it had directed the Auditor-General of the Federation and the international audit firm PriceWaterHouse Coopers (PwC), to undertake forensic auditing of the alleged missing 20 billion dollars oil money. The Minister of Finance, Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, announced this at a panelist discussion on the topic: “Africa Rising’’ at the on-going 24th World Economic Forum Contd on Page 3

>>> PAGE 7

EFCC quizzes Prisons accountant over N200m fraud


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

PAGE 2

News CONTENTS News

2-10

Editorial

12

Op.Ed

13

Letters

14

Opinion

15

Metro

16-18

Business

19-22

Stockwatch

23

S/Report

24-25

Int’l

27-31

Boko Haram: Will America’s “help” rescue Nigeria? – Page 4

Vogue

32-33

Feature

34,35

Digest Politics

36 37-38

Newsxtra

39

Sports

41

Columnist

48

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World leaders demand new rescue approach By Lawrence Olaoye, Abuja, Ali Abare Abubakar, Lafia & Ado Abubakar Musa, Jos,

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minent leaders across the world yesterday called for a change of tactics in the concerted global efforts to search and rescue the over 200 girls who are students of the Government Secondary School, Chibok, Borno state kidnapped by the dreaded Boko Haram insurgents. This is coming as mass protests, code named 'Bring Back Out Girls', continued in the nation's major states capital including Lafia, Nasarawa state, Jos, Plateau state and Ibadan, capital of Oyo state. It was also learnt that the insurgents who kidnapped the schoolgirls are seeking a prisoners' swap for their jailed colleagues. In an open letter published yesterday, the high level group of business, civil society and religious leaders, called on the Nigerian authorities and international community to mobilise all necessary resources and expertise to help locate and free the missing girls. The letter signed by over 40 eminent world personalities reads: "On April 14, more than 200 schoolgirls were abducted at gunpoint from Chibok community in Borno State, Nigeria. 24 days later, the girls are still missing. We urge all local, national and regional governments, with the full support of the international community, to dedicate their expertise and resources - from satellite imagery to intelligence services to multinational corporations' supply chains - to #BringBackOurGirls.” Among those prominent world leaders calling for change of approach include Aliko and Halima Dangote, Dangote Group, Richard Branson, Founder of the Virgin Group and co-Chair of the B Team, Mohamed Azab, Bill and Melinda Gates, co-Founders and co-Chairs of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Representative of the Grand Imam of AlAzhar, Ela Bhatt, Founder of the Self-Employed Women's Association of India and Member of the Elders, President Fernando H Cardoso, Former President of Brazil and Member of the Elders, Helen Clark, Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme and Former Prime Minister of New Zealand and Mo and Hadeel Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation and Ngozi OkonjoIweala, Finance Minister of Nigeria and Amina J Mohammed, United Nations Secretary-General's Special Advisor. Others include Abdoulie Janneh, Former Executive-Secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, Graça Machel, Member of the Elders, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, United Nations Under-Secretary General and Executive Director of UN Women, Bineta Diop, African Union Special Envoy for Women Peace and Security, Rupert Mur-

doch, Chairman of NewsCorp and Chairman and CEO of 21st Century Fox, Festus Mogae, former President of Botswana, Chairperson of the Coalition for Dialogue on Africa, Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu, Honorary Member of the Elders and Salim Ahmed Salim, Former SecretaryGeneral of the Organisation of African Unity amongst others.

Protests across states

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n a related development, protests continued to trail the abduction of the girls across the country in Lafia, Jos, Ibadan and other cities across the country yesterday. In Lafia, Nasarawa state, members of the Federation of Muslim Women Association in Nigeria (FOMWAN) as well as the women wing of the Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN), staged a joint protest in Lafia, demanding for the immediate release of the 200 girls abducted in Chibok, Borno state by the Boko Haram sect. The women, who turned up in black to express grief over the abduction saga, staged a peaceful protest, with members of the two religious group marching side by side through major streets of Lafia before converging at the Government House where they presented a letter stating their grievances to the Governor. After submitting their letter to Governor Umaru Tanko Al-Makura, represented by the Secretary to the State Government (SSG), Zainab Abdulmumini, the group later broke into two for a prayer session where both religions prayed for God’s intervention for the release of the abducted girls and for peace to reign across the country. Similarly, hundreds of women yesterday in Jos, capital of Plateau State, organised a protest asking for the rescue of the girls. The protesters in their hundreds converged at the Old Airport Junction in Jos and walked to the deputy governor's office at Rayfield where they submitted a letter signed by Pastor Esther Ibanga of Women Without Walls Initiative, Haj. Khadija Gambo Hawaja of Muslim Women Peace Forum and Mrs. Elizabeth Rindams of Christian Women for Excellence and Empowerment in Nigerian Society. Pastor Ibanga in her remark, called on the federal government to take all necessary measures to return the abducted girls and secure the country's borders.

Jonathan meets with US Ambassador

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eanwhile, President Goodluck Jonathan yesterday met with the United States Ambassador to Nigeria, Mr. James Entwistle, to discuss modalities for the actualization of the offer made by President Barrack Obama to assist Nigeria in rescuing the girls abducted from Chibok, Borno State.

According to a statement made available to newsmen by the Special Adviser to the President on Media and Publicity, Dr. Reuben Abati, Jonathan at the talks reiterated Nigeria’s appreciation of the United States' offer to deploy U.S. security personnel and assets to work with their Nigerian counterparts in the search and rescue operation, which was conveyed to him on Tuesday by the U.S. Secretary of State, Mr. John Kerry. He told Mr. Entwistle and other delegations which met separately with him at the venue of the World Economic Forum that the much greater support which Nigeria was receiving from the United States and other members of the international community in the aftermath of the Chibok abductions, will certainly help the country to rapidly overcome the Boko Haram insurgency. Others received by President Jonathan include the President of Ghana, Mr. John Mahama and the President of the ECOWAS Commission, Mr. Kadré Désiré Ouédraogo who brought him a message of solidarity from ECOWAS Heads of State and Government. President Mahama informed President Jonathan that to support Nigeria’s efforts to rescue the abducted girls and defeat terrorism, ECOWAS leaders have decided to invoke the community’s protocols on counter-terrorism. The Ghanaian leader said that a meeting of Heads of Intelligence Services of ECOWAS membercountries will hold in Accra next week to work out a new framework for intelligence sharing in support of the effort to eradicate the threat of terrorism in Nigeria and the entire West African SubRegion. President Jonathan also had private meetings with Prof. Klaus Schwab, the Founder of the World Economic Forum who said that Nigeria deserved the maximum solidarity of the world at this trying moment. He later met with President Jakaya Kikwete of Tanzania, former President Lula Da Silva of Brazil and the Prime Minister of Mali, Mr. Moussa Mara all of who conveyed the solidarity of their governments and people. The Secretary-General of the United Nations, Mr. Ban Ki Moon also spoke with President on the phone yesterday to convey the sympathy and solidarity of the global community with the government and people of Nigeria. Moon assured President Jonathan that the United Nations was ready to help Nigeria in every possible way to rescue the abducted girls and achieve greater security of lives and property in all parts of the country. The UN Secretary-General said he would send a high-level representative to Nigeria to discuss how the UN could support the Nigerian government's efforts to tackle insurgency. A statement issued by the secretary-general spokesman from Rome said Ban made the offer

which was accepted by President Goodluck Jonathan on telephone. ``He called to personally express his deep concern at the fate of the recently kidnapped schoolgirls in Borno State and to express his solidarity with the people of Nigeria, and especially the girls' families. It stated that Jonathan briefed the Secretary-General on the current state of the search for the abducted girls.

Boko Haram swap deal

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t was however gathered yesterday that the Boko Haram militants planned to use kidnapped Nigerian schoolgirls as bargaining chips to free their arrested colleagues rather than kill them. Comrade Shehu Sani, who has previously brokered face-to-face peace talks with Boko Haram, said he believed that the video in which its leader threatened to sell the girls as “slaves” was proof that it planned to use them as bargaining chips rather than kill them. The video released earlier this week showed Abubakar Shekau gloating that he would sell the captives “in the market” to anyone wishing to take them as wives. But while the broadcast appalled the captives’ families and provoked worldwide outrage, Mr Sani saw it as a veiled attempt to reach out for a trade with the Nigerian government. This is just as the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, Fatou Bensouda, yesterday said she is "deeply troubled and alarmed "by reports of alleged abduction of over 200 schoolgirls in Borno State, Nigeria, and the most recent reports that more schoolgirls have been abducted this week. "Such acts shock the conscience of humanity and could constitute crimes that fall within the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court , ICC, " she said in a statement at the Hague. "The troubling phenomenon of targeting females during conflict, this time, in Borno State, cannot be tolerated and must be stopped. No stone should be left unturned to bring those responsible for such atrocious acts to justice either in Nigeria or at the ICC," stressed Bensouda.

Buhari expresses sympathy

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owever, former Head of State and a chieftain of the All Progressives Congress (APC), General Muhammadu Buhari (Rtd), yesterday commiserated with the families of the kidnapped Chibok girls. While condemning the incidence, Buhari said "Our hearts are with families who have lost loved ones in this cycle of senseless violence. We also empathize with the parents of children whose daughters are in the custody of a group of anarchists."


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

News How economy can grow without stable energy - Dangote By Clem Khena-Ogbenna

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he world's renowned business mogul and one of the world's richest men, Aliko Dangote, yesterday revealed one of the major secrets behind his huge success in business, during the plenary session, at the World Economic Forum on Africa (WEFA), however, rounding-off today, in Abuja. Dangote, who disclosed that he was planning $16 billion rice investment project across the country, stated that a resolute and focused entrepreneur would

not wait for government to supply stable electricity before marching forward, adding that, at the private sector level, industries could actually be developed and economy grown without relying on power generation by the government or connecting to the national grid. While citing his own personal experience, Dangote, whose business conglomerate ranges from sugar to cement manufacturing, explained that when he began the production of cement around 1994, he relied on self-private power generation rather than on government, amidst harsh in-

vestment environment, such that borrowing from the banks was at about 45 percent interest rate, which was too high for any borrower. He noted that there were lots of business opportunities in Africa and in Nigeria in particular, for both local and foreign investors to take advantage of, with a view to generating jobs and creating wealth, thus developing the continent socially and economically. Dangote, however, condemned, in strong terms, the attitude and practice of some African entrepreneurs or investors,

including those of Nigeria especially, who would not invest at all in their own countries but invest massively in other countries, even at the expense of theirs. He pointed out that such development would not allow for investors' confidence in a country like Nigeria that had been in need of foreign investors to come and invest in it, apart from the fact that it would not help the economy to grow, adding, "When you invest in your own country, you have created confidence in foreign investors willing to invest in your country".

Burial of Hajiya Aishatu Mohammed, mother of FCT Minister, Senator Bala Mohammed, yesterday in Bauchi. Hajiya Aishatu died at the age of 79 on Wednesday evening in Bauchi. Photo: NAN

$20bn oil funds: FG names Pricewater Contd from Front Page on Africa, in Abuja. The Forum, with theme: “Forging inclusive growth, creating jobs’’ is being attended by over 1,500 delegates from over 70 countries. The suspended Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Governor, Malam Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, had alleged that the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) had failed to remit 20 billion dollars to government coffer. Okonjo-Iweala said the exercise which started last week, would be carried out within a period of 16 weeks. According to her, the auditors are to assist in unravelling mysteries surrounding the unaccounted 20 billion dollars. “The issue of holding government to account, I don’t think Nigerians are laying back. We need that transparency and we welcome it. “The (suspended) CBN Governor raised issues on unaccounted amount from the Federation Account. We, at the ministry of finance, have for two years been reconciling these figures with the NNPC to know what they are supposed to remit to the Federation

Account. “Our feeling is that the only way is to have a forensic audit that would let Nigerians know the truth on the issue. There is a forensic audit that the government has approved, and it is being done by PwC under the supervision of the Auditor-General for the Federation. “The auditors said they need 12 to 16 weeks to do that, and all these would be clarified,’’ she said. On poverty and inclusive growth, Okonjo-Iweala said the nature of economic growth in the continent had not been inclusive enough, adding that more is needed to be done to change the quality of economic growth. “It is obvious that the quality of our growth is not good enough, because we are rising with inequality and without creating jobs for our people. We need to get people to go into farming through `Nagroprenuers’ where 750,000 youths would be encouraged to go into agriculture. Africans want decent jobs and we should admit that we have those at the bottom who can’t get decent jobs, so we need to create social safety nets to take care of this. “We also need to look at building skills for our young people,’’ she said.

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Kaduna PHCN pensioners threaten to take over corporate headquarters From Femi Oyelola, Kaduna

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ensioners of the Kaduna Electricity Distribution Company (KEDC), a subsidiary of Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) has threatened to take over the corporate headquarters of the company in Kaduna, if their outstanding pensions and gratuity are not paid within the next seven days. Alhaji Sa’idu Ibrahim Nock, the Chairman of Pensioners Union, Kaduna chapter said, it is very painful that for the past three months the pensioners have not received their pension and gratuity. According to him, the last time that any money was paid to them was in in February 2014. “We started having problem immediately the government informed us that our pension will be paid by the Nigeria Electricity Management Company (NELMCO) but every time we were informed that the budget did not capture pensioners. “Many of our members have died waiting for their rights and those of us waiting are suffering because we do not know when any money will come from the government. We have families to care of like every other Nigerian.” He said. However the pensioners commenced seven days prayer and fasting to seek divine intervention on the matter.

Women group chides First Lady for doubting schoolgirls’ abduction From Mustapha Isah Kwaru, Maiduguri

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human rights NGO, BAOBAB for women’s right yesterday called on the First Lady, Dame Patience Jonathan to, as a matter of urgency, apologise to parents of the abducted Chibok school girls for doubting that the abduction took place. The group, in a statement signed by its Borno state coordinator, Prof. Hauwa Abdu Biu also called on the Federal Government to put in place adequate plans to cater for the needs and address the trauma the parents of the girls are going through. “BAOBAB for Women’s Human Rights, Borno state outreach condemns in its to-

tality the actions of the wife of Nigerian president, Mrs. Patience Jonathan on concerns shown by people within and outside Nigeria on the abduction of innocent girls. This act of criminality, as we are aware, violates their fundamental human right to education. “A situation when the wife of the president, who does not have a role under the Nigerian Constitution begins to summon and interrogate duly appointed government officials as well as giving them directives and detaining some of them is worrisome as this could interfere with the various actions put in place towards addressing insurgency crisis rocking the country” the group said.

The statement also called on the Federal Government to intensify efforts for the immediate rescue of the missing girls. “We want them back, safe in their homes wherever they are. The poor handling of information about the exact number of girls who are still missing and the fact that members of the Boko Haram have claimed responsibility for their abduction must not deter those with the responsibility for the safety of all Nigerians from working to find them”, it added. The group commended the effort of various women organizations within and outside the country, religious bodies, local and foreign media towards rescuing the abducted girls.


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PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

Page 4 Report

Boko Haram: Will America’s “help” rescue Nigeria?

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he statement put out on Tuesday from Nigeria’s seat of power, that President Jonathan has accepted a definite offer from the US government to locate and rescue the abducted schoolgirls in Chibok, Borno state, has caused more fears than respite to many anxious citizens about the desperate bid to end the ongoing insurgency by Boko Haram. According to a statement issued by the Special Adviser to the President on Media and Publicity, Dr Reuben Abati, America’s intervention offer was conveyed to Jonathan by the US Secretary of State, Mr. John Kerry, in a telephone conversation which began at 15.30 hours on Tuesday. “Mr. Kerry assured President Jonathan that the United States is wholly committed to giving Nigeria all required support and assistance to save the abducted girls and bring the reign of terror unleashed on parts of the country by Boko Haram to an end,” the statement said. But instead of cheer, Jonathan, many citizens, including top government personnel are, for very good reasons, discomfited by this piece of news. To begin with, Nigeria has earned an enviable reputation in the international community through its significant contributions to various peace missions across the world. Its virtual single-handed interventions in war-torn Liberia, Sierra-Leone, as well as numerous other countries of the world where it joined global peacekeeping operations not only won it accolades but also made its military interventions as case studies in strategic martial institutions worldwide. To date, Nigeria is the sixth largest contributor to United Nations (UN) peacekeeping operations across the world. This fact, no doubt, largely contributed to its swift victory in the contest for the rotational UN Security Council chairmanship, which tenure it served out last month. The question on the lips of many citizens, therefore, is: at what point did the country degenerate to this sorry state that it has to seek help to rout out criminal elements within its own territorial boundaries? Is it a result of the decades of leadership failures that left the nation with a dysfunctional system, thereby making its globally respected military unable to cope with, and checkmate these “riff raffs” called Boko Haram fighters? Is it the corruption that is alleged to have permeated its top military hierarchy leading to interagency rivalries over who should take what from the “spoils” meant for the anti-Boko Haram war? Is it the glaring cluelessness of the current leadership that is alleged to have made its top hierarchy hostage of a few corrupt-mind-

President Goodluck Jonathan

US Secretary of State, John Kerry

NSA, Sambo Dasuki

Chief of Defence Staff, Air Marshal Alex Badeh

ed elements within the government? While concerned Nigerians ponder over the above, and several other related unanswered questions, many respected citizens still strongly object to the “incursion” of the Americans and their allies into Nigeria’s “sovereign” and “sacred” territory for some wild goose chase. It is quite obvious that many top officials of this government are also wary of this suspicious offer of “assistance” by the US and its allies. It seems too obvious that a reluctant President Jonathan succumbed to the ‘seek-foreign-help’ campaign after he was stampeded by calls from certain quarters, including some prominent opposition figures. But immediately after Aso Rock announced its acceptance of the US offer to “help”, eminent citizens and several other voices of reason began to reflect over America’s military misadventures in Pakistan, Iraq and Afghanistan over the past few decades, as well as the attendant damage the sullied martial actions have done to those countries. Rather than stabilising the three countries, US’s counterinsurgency left Pakistan, Iraq and Afghanistan even more fractured. Where it recorded relative

success during the first Gulf war of 1990, America left Saddam Husseini in power resulting in his murderous campaigns on his own people. And though it went for a second time in Iraq in 2003 believing its campaign was a big armoured assault, it soon discovered that it had stumbled into a seemingly endless insurgency like the one it ultimately ventured into in Afghanistan. But as indicated above, America has left these countries much worse off than when it stepped in. And that is the primary cause of concern for many Nigerian citizens. Are we not likely to go down the same slippery slope of a seeming endless insurgency like we have seen in Iraq and Afghanistan when these Americans move into our territory? Is there any formal deal spelling out which part of the country they would be limited to, and for how long? More specifically, will the Americans voluntarily quit after the rescue of the Chibok schoolgirls? Will they truly bring in the high-tech equipment they pledged? Are they going to train our personnel on how to handle such high-tech equipment and leave them behind for our military? Another pertinent question that many are asking is: at

what cost to the Nigerian economy-in terms of our oil and other resources-will this intervention be made? How much oil and other natural resources would these foreign powers demand to recompense for their human and material “sacrifices” for peace in our land? For sure, our armed forcesarmy, air force and navy, as well as the police and the Department of State Services (DSS) lark the requisite technical capacity to contain Boko Haram’s atrocious acts. But, is it not possible for the US, Britain, France and China to simply empower our own personnel and allow them to deal with the problem, since the local troops are more conversant with the terrain in the North-east? Besides the huge economic costs of this planned intervention, it is bound to compromise on Nigeria’s sovereignty as well as international esteem, no matter the spirited efforts to deny this fact. This is because, such interventions are usually provided to countries that exhibit clear signs of failed states. And many Nigerians, while not unmindful of the nation’s precarious state today, reasonably belief Nigeria is not yet a failed state. Speaking in an interview on the Hausa

service of the BBC, President of the Civic Rights Congress of Nigeria, Malam Shehu Sani, joined many citizens to buttress this point, while decrying the potential compromise of the nation’s sovereignty and esteem. He also pointed at the obvious potential for the US to dawdle and possibly sully the counter-insurgency in much the same manner it had done in Iraq and Afghanistan. Shehu Sani specifically recalled how the US-led forces on numerous occasions killed innocent Afghans and Iraqis who were engaged in lawful ventures, using the so-called high-tech drone and other warfare equipment. It is heartening though that unlike the US which indicated its plan to send some of its military personnel alongside the technical knowhow, the United Kingdom, France and China, in their separate pledges of assistance, emphasised more of the surveillance and intelligence gathering equipment. While hoping for a better and more purposeful intervention in Nigeria by these world powers, millions of Nigerians expect their leaders to shine their eyes very well in entering into any agreements with those countries on their military incursions in the country. We must be quick to caution the intervening forces against the silly “mistakes” they did in Afghanistan and Iraq, of killing hundreds of innocents purporting to be suspicious of their gatherings. It must be made clear to them that teeming Nigerians hoping for a mission that will be markedly different from the experiences of Afghanistan, Iraq and Pakistan with such world powers. Nigerians are no doubt anxious for a speedy end to the Boko Haram insurgency, but quite apprehensive of “foreign aids” that would turn them into second rate citizens in their homeland, or even any tendency to subtly perpetuate the insurgency for other obscure motives for interventionists.

Are we not likely to go down the same slippery slope of a seeming endless insurgency like we have seen in Iraq and Afghanistan when these Americans move into our territory? Is there any formal deal spelling out which part of the country they would be limited to, and for how long?


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

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News

Boko Haram: probe budgetary allocations to security, APC tell NASS From Ayodele Samuel, Lagos

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he All Progressives Congress (APC) has called on the National Assembly to urgently initiate a probe into how the budgetary allocations to the military have been spent in recent years with a view to establishing whether or not the military is adequately empowered to effectively tackle the worsening scourge of terrorism in the country. In a statement issued in Lagos yesterday by its Interim Na-

tional Publicity Secretary, Alhaji Lai Mohammed, the party said the National Assembly, in the exercise of its constitutional duties must invite Service Chiefs and other relevant government officials to shed light on this issue. It said the probe is important because of the insinuation in certain quarters about the ability and capability of the nation’s military in the ongoing battle against Boko Haram. “The Nigerian military comes highly recommended globally

because it has excelled, since 1960, in peacekeeping operations around the world. In fact, Nigeria is among the top troop contributors to global peacekeeping operations, by virtue of the acknowledged sterling performance of its military in the various missions “Our military has also performed credibly in internal security operations in the past. If suddenly the ability and capability of this same military are being called to question in the ongoing battle against the Boko Haram terror-

ists, then something must have gone wrong. “This is why we are calling on the National Assembly to find out whether or not the soldiers we are sending out to battle the insurgents are adequately equipped to carry out their duties; to find out whether their morale is at the right level; to find out whether the huge funds being allocated for security are being used for the right purposes. “It is important to find out whether the huge funds which

are being deposited into the bank accounts of politicians, or being used to lure them into the ruling party, are being taken from the allocation to security, in which case the purpose for which the funds were allocated in the first instance would have been defeated,’’ APC said. The party said the National Assembly should not be deterred by those who say military or security expenditure cannot be probed or those who will read ‘’political meaning’’ to this call”, it stated. Meanwhile, the APC has commended the US, Britain, China and all the other countries that have offered to assist Nigeria to rescue the over 200 abducted girls, saying such offer of assistance was long overdue, in view of the global nature of terrorism. It said, however, that the Jonathan Administration must realize that it is ultimately responsible for the safety and security of all Nigerians, hence cannot afford to shirk its responsibility in that regard.

Court reissues bench warrant on Sen. Aliyu L-R: Niger state Governor, Dr. Mu’azu Babangida Aliyu, USAID Administrator, Mr. Rajiv Shars, Nassarawa state Governor, Alhaji Umar Tanko Al-makura, Taraba state Acting Governor, Alhaji Garba Umar, and Adamwa state Governor, Admiral Murtala Nyako, during USAID Administrator’s meeting with the Northern State Governors Forum, yesterday in Abuja. Photo: Mahmud Isa

Yuguda solicits for NEMA’s support to resettle displaced persons in 7 LGs From Ahmed Kaigama,Bauchi

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he Bauchi State Government has solicited the support of the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) to resettle Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in seven Local Government Areas of the state. Gov. Isa Yuguda, made the plea when an official of NEMA presented relief materials to the state government at Government House in Bauchi yesterday. Yuguda, who was represented by the Deputy Governor, Alhaji Sagir Saleh explained that the state was currently faced with mass exodus of people from neighbouring states who were faced with serious security challenges. `The state as you may be aware is facing the challenges of IDPs from neighbouring states as a result of various communal conflicts and the state of emergency declared in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa states. ``This has resulted in mass exodus of people from the affected states to Bauchi, as well as others from north central and the north western part of the country displaced by the activi-

ties of unknown gunmen. As a result, the state government had initiated a resettlement programme for the IDPs who are desirous of settling in Bauchi state permanently. He said that the programme had already commenced in Magaman Gumau, Toro Local government area, where the government was currently building a permanent settlement for the IDPs. He explained that to consolidate the programme, the government had recently set up IDPs

needs Assessment Committee to determine the gaps that need to be filled by other stakeholders. “I therefore appeal for NEMA’s collaboration to resettle the remaining IDPs currently taking refuge all over the state especially in Bauchi, Toro, Tafawa Balewa, Bogoro, Giade, Gamawa and Dambam local government areas, ``he said. He thanked NEMA for the support, adding that it indicated the agency’s level of responsiveness to emergency situations.

Speaking earlier, the agency’s Director General, Malam Sani Sidi, who was represented by the agency’s Director of Relief and Rehabilitation, Mr. Euegene Eze explained that the materials were to support the state’s IDPs resettlement efforts in MagamanGumau for speedy completion. He described the programme as a model in IDPs management which should be emulated by other state governments facing similar challenges.

Gov. Aliyu lauded for community developmental strides in Lapai LG From Yakubu Mustapha, Minna

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he people of Lapai and Azza community in Lapai local government of Niger state have applauded the Niger state governor Dr. Mu’azu Babangida Aliyu for the developmental strides in the community as evidence of the dividends of democracy provided by his administration in the state This was made known when they paid a thank you and solidarity visit to the governor in government house Minna. Led by the Emir of Lapai Engineer Umar Bago

3rd and former minister of finance, Alhaji Ahmed Abubakar Muye, the community said that the present administration has embarked on several developmental projects that have impacted positively on the lives of an ordinary man in the community. Abubakar their spokesman stated that the community would remain grateful to his government especially the erection and equipping of 110 bed ultra-modern hospital at Gulu, construction of 103 km standard road network from Lapai- GuluMuye and quick intervention during

Fulani/ community crisis. Governor Aliyu on his part assured the people of the community to be supportive of the developmental policies of his government as every community remains relevant and important to the actualization of the state’s vision. Aliyu urged them to be vanguards of peace, maintain peaceful co-existence with other communities and security conscious at all times even as he called on them to be law abiding and supportive of government policies and programmes.

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Kaduna Chief Magistrates’ Court yesterday re-issued a bench warrant for the arrest of Sen. Nuhu Aliyu for refusing to honour its previous summons. Aliyu is facing a three-count charge of criminal trespass, mischief and criminal intimidation in a suit filed against him by one Ikechukwu Akansi, his neighbour. Chief Magistrate Bashir Shittu said Aliyu had failed to appear before him since the commencement of the case on Jan. 23. He said that the court had adjourned four previous sittings since the first warrant was issued on Feb. 4 to ensure the appearance of the senator. He, therefore, adjourned the case till May 19 for further hearing. He re-ordered Aliyu’s arrest after counsel to the complainant, Mr Vitus Ewuzie, prayed the court for another arrest warrant to compel the senator to appear before it. Counsel to the Aliyu, objected to the request, saying that ``the senator is still experiencing ill health’’. It would be recalled that the complainant had accused Aliyu of unlawfully and illegally trespassing on his plot located at No. B1, Constitution Road, Kaduna, when the case was first mentioned. Counsel to the complainant told the court that Aliyu had threatened to deal with his client and his friend, Mr Ade Nathaniel, when they confronted him on the matter. Ewuzie said that the complainant and his family were living in fear since the threat was made.


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

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News

Katsina CSOs protest insecurity, abductions From Lawal Sa’idu Funtua, Katsina

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coalition of civil societies in Katsina State, yesterday staged a peaceful protest in the state capital to register their anger against the recent spate of insecurity in the country, particularly the abduction of over 200 Chibok girls and farmers/ fulani clashes. T h e civil society groups who began their peaceful demonstration from Kofar-Kaura, said through their spokesman, Comrade Bashir Dauda, noted that the demonstration was to express their disaffections with the current security situation in the country. The coalition specifically expressed concern with what they called “ the tendency of politicians who want to politicize every security lapse in order to score cheap political victory They similarly described as callous, barbaric and uncivilized the politicization of the situation, saying that the rampant bomb blasts and inhuman massacre of Nigerians including babies was enough to humble the political class. On the recent intervention of some foreign countries in addressing the security situation, the coalition rejected such initiative describing it as counterproductive, arguing “ what is happening in Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Somalia are indications that foreign countries could not offer any remedy”. They also called on the president to improve his relationship with state governors from the Boko Haram prone areas, while advising the government to enhance security along the nation’s porous borders. According to them, “It is a disgrace if the mighty federal government failed to rescue the abducted girls students of GSS Chibok and others who are in the captivity of Boko Haram as sex slaves”.

Insecurity: 150,000 youths set to occupy Kaduna metropolis From Muhammad Ibrahim, Kaduna pparently worried over the continued killings in North, a group, under the aegis of Northern Youths Consensus Movement , yesterday said it has concluded arrangements to mobilize 150,000 youths from the region to occupy Kaduna metropolis until the Federal Government addresses the insecurity challenges in the region. The Coordinator of the movement, Comrade Ibrahim Garba Awala, who disclosed this to journalists in Kaduna, said they intend to occupy the metropolis for three days starting from tomorrow (Saturday) to Monday. According to him, the venue of

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….Says northerners tired of killings the occupation protest is Murtala Muhammad Square and that the protest would be peaceful. He said that northerners, particularly youth were tired of the bombings and killings of innocent lives in the country particularly North-East region. Comrade Awala said it appears that the Federal Government is not concerned about finding the actual people killings its citizens. “Killings are increasing in the North on a daily basis and the government seems not to be doing anything to stop it. As Northerners and Nigerians, we believe, we must gather to fight this insecurity problem together, because the

security of Nigeria is a collective responsibility. “Nobody can stop us from exercising our right of ensuring the security of this country. Since our leaders are not bothered about the security of the region, we, the youths, will take our future into our hands, by ensuring that we occupy Kaduna until the right thing is done”, he said. The youths also called on northern delegates in the ongoing National Conference and members of National Assembly from north to return home in protest against the insecurity problem. Comrade Awala said they have

Obanikoro receives US Naval vessel for Nigeria From Ayodele Samuel, Lagos

T R-L: US Coast Guard Chief Acquisition Officer, Rear Admiral Bruce Baffer, and Minister of State for Defence, Senator Musiliu Obanikoro, during the handover of the Naval vessel to Nigeria, on Wednesday in the United States of America.

Corruption: EFCC orders Borno commissioners to produce projects’ reports

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he Economic and Financial Crimes Commission, EFCC, has asked indicted commissioners and top government officials in Borno state to produce reports and video clips of projects they executed over the years. They had earlier been

questioned by the anti-graft agency, following petitions written against them by some persons in the state. Sources in the various ministries and government cycles revealed that one of the commissioners was asked to cough out N5 billion allegedly

found in his possession. Also, a top government official said to have been in the habit of collecting N12 million every Monday in the past couple of months to run his office was ordered to cough out N200 million he allegedly obtained through corrupt means.

Kwankwaso flags-off N1.6 bn Makarfi –Karaye road project

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ano state government has awarded contract for the construction of Makarfi – Fulatan – Rogo – Karaye road project, at about N2billion. Speaking during the flag-off of the project on Tuesday, the state governor, Gov. Rabi’u Musa Kwankwaso explained that the 55km road would have asphalt concrete wearing course and would be completed by December this year. Governor Kwankwaso explained that the government

no business sitting in Abuja while their people are being killed and bombed everyday. “It is better for the National Assembly members to return home in their own interest, because whoever refuses to return home will be considered to be among those benefiting from the insecurity,” he said. The youths leader further added that they will ensure that the occupy Kaduna protest is peaceful as the also warned that whoever try to stop them from expressing their anger on the killings taken place in the region would be considered an enemy of the North. He vowed that as youth they are ever ready to sacrifice their lives for the success of the ‘Occupy Kaduna’ protest and for the stability of Kaduna and Nigeria. The youth also said that they have put in place measures to prevent hoodlums and thugs from hijacking the protest scheduled to take place at the appointed date.

decided to embark on the project to ease transportation in the Karaye - Rogo - Makarfi axis and to boost the economy of the area and the state in general, in view of the vast agricultural potential of the area. He said the administration would ensure that the project is completed on schedule, assuring that the government will not relent in providing citizens of the state with durable life-changing infrastructure and utilities. The governor urged people

in the area to make good use of the road by driving sensibly, preventing children and stray animals from indiscriminate crossing and by not constructing or mounting unnecessary hurdles along the road. He then urged people in the state to vote for the APC in the forthcoming local government elections in the state because it is the only party that will restore peoples’ confidence in governance. In his speech, the state

Commissioner for Works, Housing and Transport, Alhaji Abba Kabir Yusuf, said the contractor will be strictly monitored to ensure compliance with the contractual specifications and speedy completion. In a similar development, Governor Kwankwaso inspected the on-going Janguza – Kabo – Durum – Karaye road project. The 51 km road consist of a road and six bridges and is being constructed at the cost of about N4 billion.

he United States navy has officially transferred the former Coast Guard Cutter Gallatin into the hands of the Nigerian Navy. The Gallatin was offered to Nigeria on April 24, 2013, through the US Foreign Assistance Act, and was decommissioned from US Coast Guard service March 31, 2014. During the ceremony, US Coast Guard Chief Acquisition Officer, Rear Adm. Bruce Baffer and the Minister of State for Defence, Musiliu Obanikoro signed transfer documents in front of U.S. and Nigerian spectators, marking the official handoff of the ship to Nigeria. Baffer said the transfer was bittersweet, but said he believes the ship, now renamed NNS Okpabana, will provide valuable service to Nigeria. The Minister of State for Defence, Senator Obanikoro, who received the vessel on behalf of Nigeria, thanked the United States navy for their consistent support. Obanikoro said the ship will strengthen Nigeria’s ability to combat terrorism and illegal activity. “I am glad to know that American support has greatly enhanced the capacity of the Nigerian navy,” he said.


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

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News

N200m traced to Prisons’ accountant - EFCC By Joy Baba

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he Economic and Financial Crimes Commission, EFCC, has arrested the head of Capital Accounts at the Nigerian Prisons Service (NPS), Abuja, for alleged corruption, money laundering and abuse of public office. Imaobong Akon Esu-Nte, a level 14 officer, who is on secondment to the NPS from the Federal Ministry of Finance, was picked up by the operatives of the EFCC on Tuesday, and grilled for several hours over the huge amount of money found in companies’ accounts all traced to her. Operatives of the agency reportedly swooped on Esu-Nte following intelligence reports that she had been using her office

…3 exotic cars seized to transact business as a private contractor in violation of extant public service regulation, which forbids civil servants from doing so. Investigators said that the lifestyle of the suspect, who is on a monthly salary of N121, 460, was at variance with the level of opulence being displayed by her. Apart from tracing the sum of N200 million to companies owned by her and her children, the EFCC said the woman had also been remitting money amounting to N60 million into the account of an Abuja-based Pentecostal church. She is also said to be in possession of several exotic cars and property in various parts of Abuja. The commission said that among the property were a palatial

mansion, a duplex with twobedroom Boys Quarters at Sun City Estate, Abuja and another duplex at Karu Extension, Abuja, now nearing completion. Three top-of-the-range automobiles were recovered from her at the time of arrest. They include a Mercedes Benz ML 350 4matic, Mercedes Benz GL 500 and a Toyota Sienna. EFCC sources said Esu-Nte’s arrest was triggered by intelligence report on suspicious in-flow of huge funds into her account with a new generation bank. Close scrutiny of the account by investigators literally opened a can of worms, as it came to light that the suspect “is the promoter and signatory to the accounts of

three companies: Abasiaga Global Resources Limited, Abasiono Nigeria Limited and Ememima Global Ventures Limited, which she established shortly after being posted to the NPS.” Curiously too, all the directors are the suspect’s children. She was also said to be the owner of two other companies- Darima Properties and ID Petroleum, into which a huge amount of unjustified cash had been flowing into steadily. The accounts of her companies were said to have recorded an inflow of about N200million between 2009 and now. Spokesman of the EFCC, Wilson Uwujaren, confirmed the arrest of the woman, but warned public officers engaged in corrupt practices to desist or risk the wrath of the law.

Oyo state Governor, Senator Abiola Ajimobi (in white babariga), addressing Bring Back Our Girls group led by the governor’s wife, Mrs. Florence Ajimobi, during a protest on the abduction of the girls of Government Girls’ Secondary School, in Chibok, Borno state, yesterday in Ibadan.

2 persons charged with stealing drums belonging to Ogboni confraternity

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he Police in AdoEkiti, on Wednesday, arraigned two persons, Sunday Adeleke, 50 and Olamide Olabode, 45 in an Ado-Ekiti Chief Magistrates’ Court charged with stealing drums belonging to Ogboni confraternity.

The prosecutor, Sgt. Caleb Leranmo, told the court that the accused committed the offence on April 27, at Orin Odo village in Ikole Local Government Area of Ekiti State. He said the stolen three drums belonged to Ogboni confraternity in Orin Odo

community. According to the prosecutor, the offence contravened Section 390 of the Criminal Code, cap C 16, Laws of Ekiti state, 2012. The accused pleaded not guilty while their counsel, Mr. Busayo Sule, prayed the court to grant bail to his clients, with

a promise that they would not jump bail. The Chief Magistrate, Ropo Adegboye granted bail to the accused in the sum of N100, 000 with one surety each in like sum and adjourned the case to May 19 for further hearing. (NAN)

2 freed Nigerian kidnap victims helping police to find 3 Dutch hostages

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he police in Bayelsa said, on Wednesday, that they had invited the two Nigerians freed by kidnappers on Monday for interrogation. The spokesman of the Bayelsa Police Command, Mr. Alex Akhigbe, explained that the two men were helping the police with possible clues to reach the three Dutch nationals still being held by the kidnappers. He dismissed claims that the freed victims were arrested, saying that they would not be held longer than necessary. “The public should be patient with us as we work to free the remaining three victims. We did not arrest them. It is natural that they will have vital information that we can work with to free the others. “The whereabouts and fate of the Dutch hostages remain unclear as the kidnappers have allegedly demanded for N20 million ransom to free them,” he said, adding that the police would not get involved in negotiations for ransom. The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that the Nigerian hostages, Mr. Femi Soewu and Mr. Sunny Ofehe regained their freedom on Monday from their abductors. The two Nigerians and three Dutch nationals were abducted on Sunday by unknown gunmen at Letugbene community in Ekeremor Local Government Area of Bayelsa. (NAN)

Alleged adultery: Court remands trader, house wife, pending bail application

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n Upper Area Court in Jos, Plateau, has ordered a trader, Mohammed Rabi’u, and a housewife, Asabe Mati, both accused of adultery, to be remanded in prison pending hearing of their bail applications. Rabi’u and Mati, who reside in different parts of Jos, were charged with one-count of adultery. The presiding judge, Malam

Mustapha Hassan, gave the order after the accused pleaded not guilty and applied for bail orally. However, Hassan refused to admit them on bail, and ordered them to obtain legal representation. He adjourned the case until June 16, for hearing of bail their oral application. Earlier, the prosecutor,

Mr. Gokwat Ibrahim, told the court that the accused persons committed the offence on April 20, at Sabon-Layi area of Jos. Ibrahim said that the accused persons were caught while in the act at about 8.00 p.m. by a vigilante group. The prosecutor said that a ``Good Samaritan’’ who knew the house wife sighted her entering a

room with Rabi’u, knowing well that she was not the man’s wife. He said that the man thereafter invited the vigilante group after confirming that the woman’s husband had traveled out of Jos. Ibrahim said the vigilante group broke into the room and arrested the accused persons and handed them over to the police. He told the court that police

investigation revealed two condoms, a mattress and a bed sheet in the room. He said that the accused persons committed an offence contrary to Section 387 of the Penal Code. If found guilty, the accused persons are liable for a term of imprisonment of not less than two years, with an option of fine.


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PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

Photo Splash 42nd World Economic Forum on Africa hosted by Nigeria began yesterday in Abuja. Our photographer Joe Oroye was at the opening ceremony.

R-L: President Paul Kagame of Rwanda, President Macky Sall of Senegal , President Boni Yayi of Benin Republic, former South Africa President Thabo Mbeki, and others world leaders, during the opening of the Forum.

L-R: Delta state Governor, Dr. Emmanuel Uduaghan, Publisher, ThisDay Newspapers, Mr. Nduka Obaigbena, Katsina state Governor, Alhaji Ibrahim Shema, and Bayelsa state Governor, Hon. Seriake Dickson, at the Forum.

L-R: Chinese Premier Li Keqiang, President Goodluck Jonathan, and the Founder /Executive Chairman World Economic Forum, Professor Klaus Schwab, during the opening of the 42nd World Economic Forum on Africa.

L-R: Niger state Governor, Dr. Mu’azu Babangida Aliyu, Hajiya Bola Shagaya, and Central Bank Acting Governor, Mrs. Sarah Alade, at the venue of WEF.

Chinese delegation during the Opening of the 42nd World Economic Forum on Africa.


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

PAGE 9

Leadership failure, not resource control …C’ttee Nigeria’s problem- Northern delegates advocates increased

By Hassan Haruna Ginsau

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orthern delegates at the on-going National Conference have said the failure of leadership at all levels in the country is to blame for Nigeria’s problems, not the lack of resource control. The spokesman of the Northern Delegates Forum, Anthony N.Z. Sani said that what was required of Nigerians is to make judicious use of their democratic rights and ensure that their votes count ,so that the ensuing leaders at all levels will be accountable and strive to deliver on the promise of democracy, because according to him, feckless leaders are often elected by those voters who do not turn out and vote. “That the economy of Nigeria is not diversified today is not due

to lack of resource control but due to cheap oil money which drives away productive money, and that is why the groundnut pyramid and textiles industries have collapsed in the North and the South which gave Malaysia the palm oil seedlings is nowhere near Malaysia in production and export of palm oil.” He debunked the argument that resource control had made non-oil producing states not to be viable, noting that apart from Lagos state, no other state of the federation pays salaries without federal allocations. “I do not believe only northern delegates are against resource control. Most delegates do not subscribe to resource control. And there are reasons for this: First, resource control goes against the concept of

nationhood, which presupposes that the people come together and helped to unlock their synergistic potential for the good of all,” said Sani. He argued that allowing constituent parts of the country to develop at their own pace goes against the universal notion that wide gaps in incomes or wide inequality among groups in a country is manifestation of imperfections in leadership. Said Sani: “Resource Control would make Nigerians live as if they are in different continents. What is more, for constituent parts to control their resources and pay taxes to the central government will tilt the country to confederation with a weak centre, with dire consequences for the unity and oneness of the country.” It is because of this, he

explained that solid minerals, oil field and natural gas had been in the exclusive list in 1960, 1963, 1979, and 1999 constitutions. Sani noted that while oil producing states were pushing for resource control, even oil producing communities in these states were hankering that their own share of money for derivation be given to them directly because their state governments short change them when they use derivation for construction of fly overs, five star hotels and airports in the state capitals to their detriment, thus asking the question: “How far down can resource control go?” After days of back and forth by members of the National conference’s committee on devolution of power, they rejected resource control by states last Wednesday.

L-R: National Conference delegates, Dr. Edet Ekerendu, Ambassador Adamu Aliyu, and Dr. Bello Haliru Mohammed, at the National Conference on Tuesday, in Abuja. Photo: Mahmud Isa

inclusion of women in politics

By Hassan Haruna Ginsau

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he Committee on social sector at the on-going National conference has proposed greater inclusion and participation of Nigerian women in the country’s political activities. Speaking on the main issues discussed during the committee’s deliberations on Wednesday, a member of the committee, Ibrahim Bunu Sheriff said the committee finished their deliberations on the committee assignments and had given great emphasis to women’s rights. Said Sheriff; “We want to give women a number of rights, in particular for them (women) to have equal opportunity with men in the workplace, and for them to be given more opportunity to enter politics. Due to the current nature of the country’s political landscape, a lot of women are unable to enter politics, therefore they need some assistance in the way of making some changes in order for them to participate in politics like their male counterparts, and ensure that their concerns are made public.” Speaking on the security situation in the nation, Sheriff, an indigene of Borno state noted that everybody knows what is happening in Nigeria, and in particular, Borno State. He said that the nation’s security forces have shown no signs of urgency, because when the Boko Haram insurgency started, they (Boko Haram) weren’t as strong as they are now. The government should know that there are rights over them concerning the safeguarding of its citizens, property, and lives. That is the essential role of the Government, and they should make sure they fulfil it, Sheriff stated.

National conference c’ttee proposes unicameral system of government By Hassan Haruna Ginsau

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he National conference’s committee on political restructuring and forms of government has proposed that Nigeria should adopt a unicameral system of government to reduce the huge cost of governance. Speaking on the main issues the committee discussed during its deliberations this week, Senator Ladan Shuni, a delegate representing the North-West geo-political zone, and also a

member of the committee said they had discussed what kind of government Nigeria should adopt in the future, whether Nigeria should continue with the current system of government or the parliamentary system similar to the days of Tafawa Balewa, or the kind of system adopted by France. Said Shuni; “Actually we agreed to continue with the current system in place, however with a few changes to it, for example, the vice president should be picked from the national assembly, and

to make the national assembly only one chamber made up of a reduced number of full time representatives in order to reduce the cost of governance. He said the committee also agreed to the zoning of posts at the federal and state levels, which would mean one region cannot produce both the president and vice president. “We want this to be included in the constitution, and for political parties to have this enshrined in their constitutions. Every party should make sure

that if they for example pick a president from the North-West, the Vice president should be from the South-east for example. Basically anything that will bring peace in Nigeria.” He added. He noted that Nigeria had not yet reached a stage where the president should be a Muslim and the Vice-President also a Muslim, noting that the time would come that people will accept whatever the religion or tribe of both the Presidential and vice presidential aspirants.

The committeealso agreed that the Vice-President should be selected from the elected lawmakers, with the president been given the power to pick 70% of ministers from the lawmakers, and 30% from outside. “We don’t want there to be both a Senate and a house of representatives, we want one assembly that will include all. Why we proposed this is to reduce the cost of governance, and reduce the bickering between the 2 houses” Shuni concluded.


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PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

News

Don’t expect cheap house in Lagos - Fashola From Ayodele Samuel, Lagos

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ope of owning a cheap house in Lagos was yesterday dashed, when the state Governor Babatunde Fashola said he did not at any time promise to provide low-cost housing for residents of the state. Fashola spoke in Ikeja, during the monthly draw for the allocation of homes to residents under the state’s Home Ownership Mortgage Scheme (Lagos HOMS). He said criticisms that homes under the state’s mortgage scheme were not low-cost were unfair, adding they aimed at discrediting the good intentions of the state government. Fashola explained that what he had always promised was the provision of affordable housing,

for which home-seekers could pay conveniently over a period of time. “Some people have criticized us that homes under our mortgage scheme are not low-cost, but these people cannot point to one place where our government promised to build low-cost houses. “We didn’t promise low-cost housing; what we promised was affordable housing, and so people should not accuse of not doing what we did not promise. “As I said, and I have always reiterated, from when I was a candidate in 2007, my commitment to the people of Lagos was on affordable housing and that is what we are delivering ’’he said. Fashola added he could not have promised low-cost housing when there was no low-cost land, low –cost

labour and building materials and when the exchange rate was high. According to him, the state`s mortgage scheme is already a success story as 200 homes in estates across the states, are allocated monthly to successful applicants. Fashola urged allotees to help strengthen the scheme by fulfilling their obligations of the mortgage. He pointed out that it was when they service their mortgage as required, the government would be able to mobilize more resources to expand the scheme and provide access to more residents. The governor said the state‘s mortgage board would retrieve homes from defaulting allotees and give a refund of their contributions. Fashola said his administration was resolutely committed to the

sustainability of the mortgage scheme, explaining he had put in place structures to ensure continuity of the programme. ‘’This scheme has been designed to outlive me and continue for a long time. To achieve that, we have created a board to ensure the processing of applications and ensure delivery of homes to successful applicants. I don’t have a hand it. It is not about me ’’he said. 76 beneficiaries of homes, comprising two and three bedrooms across different estates, emerged at the draw. The estates in which homes were allocated were Sir Michael Otedola Estate, Epe; Olaitan Mustapha Estate, Ijaiye; Adetoun Mustapha Estate, Ijaiye; Shogunro Estate, Ogba and Choice Estate, Lekki.

Kaduna APC condemns ban of commercial motorcycles

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he All Progressives Congress (APC) yesterday condemned the ban on the use of commercial motorcycles imposed by Kaduna State Government in some parts of the state. The condemnation is contained in a statement issued by the party’s interim state Chairman, Dr. Hakeem Baba-Ahmed, in Kaduna. Baba-Ahmed said, ``the APC in Kaduna state strongly condemn the signing into law, the Bill to outlaw the operations of commercial motorcycles in most parts of the state. ``In spite of the well-informed appeals and advice of people from all walks of life, the state Governor, Dr. Mukhtar Yero has chosen to take the unpopular steps. ``The action will pose additional problems on the lives of citizens and the economy of the state.” The party described the law as anti-people, which would only compound the levels of unemployment threatening the security of the state. (NAN)

NDE trains 200 women in Jigawa

T L-R: Honorary Consul of Italy in London, Mr. Cav Hussain Dawood, Group Chairman, Oranto Petroleum, Prince Arthur Eze, and Vice -President / Chief Commercial Officer (Distribution), General Electrical Power and Water, Mr. Darry Wilson, briefing journalists after their meeting with Vice -President Mohammed Namadi Sambo, yesterday at the State House, in Abuja. Photo: Joe Oroye

Kogi SUBEB chairman relieved of appointment From Omale Adama Lokoja

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ogi state government has announced the immediate dissolution of the State Basic Education Board (SUBEB), headed by Alhaji Jibrin Usman. The former Chairman, Alhaji Jibrin Usman has consequently been directed to hand over to Mr. Stephen Akwu with immediate effect for

continuity. Mr. Akwu is expected to head a six-man Interim Management Committee pending the constitution of a substantive board. Other members of the Interim Management Committee are Mr. Salami Musa Ojanaun, Mr. Elijah Folorunsho, Malam Abubakar Sani, Peter Kinrin and Mr. Adavi Abraham. A statement by the Special

Adviser to the governor on Media and Strategy, Mr. Jacob Edi said the Interim Management Committee is to work with the Management of SUBEB to pay salaries of genuine and certified teachers and also of the non- teaching staff as approved by the governor without further delay. “However, in the main time, the job of the Interim Management Committee is to, amongst others,

effect a clean up all the administrative and technical anomalies in SUBEB with a view to repositioning the Board for effective and efficient Management of Education at the Basic level in the state,” the statement added. Governor Idris Wada, expressed appreciation to Alhaji Jibrin, the former chairman for his services while he served the state in his capacity as the chairman of the board.

ASUP lambasted for jeopardising future of polytechnics students From Ahmed Kaigama, Bauchi

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he Academic Staff Union of Polytechnics (ASUP), Bauchi state chapter have lambasted the supervising Minister of Education, Chief Nyesom Wike, for gambling and jeopardising with the future of polytechnic students in country. ASUP’s National VicePresident, Usman Dutse, who stated this yesterday during an interview with newsmen in Bauchi, saying that the Minister is only interested in his political ambition

and has not shown enough commitment towards resolving the issues that have sustained the indefinite strike. According to him, although the struggle was in the interest of the students and to address the rot in polytechnic institutions, the lingering strike will definitely affect the quality of graduates produced in polytechnics. He criticised the minister for giving the public a wrong impression that ASUP is strong-headed by embarking on propaganda and spreading falsehood.

Dutse lamented the high-level discrimination that exists between the polytechnic and the universities, saying, “Polytechnics in Nigeria are treated by the government as second-class institutions, whose certificates are not job-worthy. For instance, in the area of funding, TEPFUND gives polytechnics and Colleges of Education (COEs), half of federal funds while the funding received by one university is more than five polytechnics put together”. Dutse also raised doubt concerning the setting up

of a committee to address the dichotomy between Higher National Diploma (HND) and degree holders, which was announced by Wike, at a retreat in Kaduna. He lamented that due to the refusal of the government to harmonise working conditions across tertiary institutions, the COEs, usually lose their lecturers to the universities. ASUP resumed its strike on October 4, 2013 and the union has been negotiating with the Federal Government over the strike.

he National Directorate of Employment (NDE) in Jigawa has trained 200 women in various trades as part of initiative to boost women’s economic capabilities in the area. The state NDE Coordinator, Mr. Muhammad Sambo, stated this in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) yesterday, in Dutse. He said that the training was conducted in collaboration with the legislator representing Dutse/ Kiyawa Federal Constituency in the House of Representatives, Mr. Tijjani Ibrahim. He said that the training was aimed at encouraging women to engage in productive activities and to enhance their economic fortune. He said that the gesture was also to develop small-scale businesses at the grassroots. Sambo said that during the two-week training, the women were exposed to basic enterprise skills to enable them develop and manage their businesses. He said that the women were trained in the production of hair creams, detergents and air freshener, as well as in curry processing. He said that the trainees were also provided with starter-kits and N6, 000 take-off grants by the lawmaker to enable them establish their own enterprises. (NAN)


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

PAGE 11

Money Sense

Best ways to invest in your own home By Matthew Frankel

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hen considering all of the various investment options available, most people don’t think of the home they already live in as an option. However, there are several things you can do to your own home that cannot only increase its value, but make it more appealing and easier to sell, should you decide to. Here are some of the best ways to add value to your home that will give you the best bang for your buck in property value (as well as a nicer house to live in).

a $200,000 (N32,000,000) house probably won’t add much equity.

Windows and doors

This is where real equity is built when doing home improvement projects. If you are somewhat “handy,” it really does pay to only hire professionals to do the things you aren’t comfortable doing. For example, finishing a basement becomes much cheaper if you do things like hang the drywall yourself and paint. Don’t do things yourself that you aren’t 100% sure you know how to do, but not paying for labour can knock up to 50% off the cost of the project.

A general rule is you will get more added value for your money with replacement projects as opposed to remodeling. So, things like new windows (especially the energy-efficient type), a shiny new front door, or replacing that tired siding should be pretty high on your priority list, if they haven’t been done in a while. According to RealEstate. com, you can expect a 72% return on investment for these types of replacement projects, and more if the existing windows or doors are in bad shape. Finish that attic! (Or basement) According to Remodeling magazine, the number one project you can do is to finish an unfinished attic

Money Tip: Start a go-to fund for emergencies: The average family will face up to $2,000 (N320,000) a year in unexpected bills, says Register. For families already stretching to pay the bills, those surprises can trigger long-term financial problems. While you can’t plan what or when, you can have money set aside just in case. “You need to really boost your cash reserves,” says Edelman.

Quote There is some magic in wealth, which can thus make persons pay their court to it, when it does not even benefit them. How strange it is, that a fool or knave, with riches, should be treated with more respect by the world, than a good man, or a wise man in poverty! – Ann Radcliffe

What won’t add equity? Unless there is something really wrong with the flooring in your home now, a new floor won’t add too much equity. The same goes for luxury features such as an outdoor kitchen or a swimming pool (which can actually be seen as a negative in some areas). Do all that you can by yourself

or basement. C onverting an attic into a bedroom will cost you around $50,000 (N8,000,000) and about 72.5% should be recouped when selling the home. A basement can be converted into a sports den (aka a “man cave”), a game room, play room, or extra bedrooms. An in-law apartment is one of the more popular conversions for an unfinished basement. In the meantime, you will have extra useable space to enjoy! A bathroom can pay for itself and more Now, if you decide to build an over-the-top bathroom suite, remember one thing: while it will certainly be appealing to prospective buyers, it will not raise your home’s value by anywhere near the amount it cost to put in.

On the other hand, a modest bathroom can be a good idea. According to the National Association of Home Builders, adding a half bathroom could raise a home’s value by 10.5% and a full bathroom by 20%. The price of adding a new bathroom can be very high or very low, depending on where you live and how difficult it is to put in the necessary plumbing. For instance, if there is easy access to sewage lines right under where you want your new bathroom, it can make the job cost thousands less than it otherwise would. The lawn: Sweat equity This is one area where a do-it-yourselfer can really make some money. According to Money magazine, a professional-looking landscape can be done for

between $500 (N80,000) and $3,000 (N480,000) in materials, depending on the size of the yard, and can raise a home’s prospective selling price by more than 10%. A word about kitchens A kitchen remodel can instantly make a home more attractive and easy to sell, but is only a good “investment” if the kitchen remodel is relatively minor (under $15,000 (N2,400,000). Sellers can expect to recoup more than 90% from a budget remodel like this, and in some cases, the new kitchen will more than pay for itself in equity. However, don’t go overboard, and don’t put in a kitchen that is “too nice” for the house. For example, a $15,000 (N2,400,000) Viking commercial range in

Are you ready to make changes? While it is certainly nice to improve your home’s value, also consider that you get to enjoy the use of the improvements as well. A finished attic or basement can add 1,000 usable square feet to a home, which not only increases the value but increases your standard of living while occupying the home as well. The “Holy Grail” of home repairs is to figure out how to get more than 100% of your money back in equity while transforming your house into the home of your dreams.

…and how to plan your finance for the future

T

he future, or the final frontier, is a big question mark. You may see some things you wish to have for the future, like money, security, a family, but you won’t make those things happen unless you have a plan to ensure their probability. Set reachable goals for yourself: Plan for your immediate future first. Write down the goals that you can reach within the next six months, and then move on from there. By the time you are finished, you’ll have a clear view of where you wish to be in ten years and how to get there.

Plan for your financial future: Look at all of your current expenses and your income and find out where you can cut unneeded expenses. You should also look at diligently paying down any outstanding debts you currently have. Credit card debts can eat you alive in interest, so these should be the first to go. Begin a savings plan that covers six months of your expenses should any catastrophes occur: It may mean living lean for a while, but having a cushion in your monetary accounts gives you security and peace of mind. Start with your job:

Whether you are looking for work, or looking to get promoted to a better paying job, you need to have a plan of action that can put you where you need to be. This means taking into account what type of courses, certifications or degrees you may need to get the job or position you want. Map out any family plans that you and your spouse hope for: As a woman, you need to take an assessment of your current health. If you could use to lose a few pounds or have a healthier diet that is something you can begin taking control of one to two years before you hope

to conceive. It is also a good idea to begin planning for savings and college funds for the children in your future. Save for your retirement: By using your company’s 401k plan, or your own IRA or other savings account, you can begin saving for your retirement at any age. With the cost of living increasing, and the stock market’s ups and downs, saving for your retirement in your twenties is not too soon. Even if you are older, talking to a retirement planner can help you get back on track for an enjoyable retirement.


PAGE 12

PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

EDITORIAL

he last few days have seen a groundswell of international solidarity with Nigeria in its war against the Islamic terror group, Boko Haram, but particularly our effort at finding and rescuing over 200 schoolgirls of Govt Secondary School, Chibok, Borno state. The girls were taken from their school on April 15. Protest marches are being held by women and children across the world, a “Freeourgirls” campaign is running on Twitter and other social media. However, offers of “concrete assistance” have come from governments that have been Nigeria’s traditional development partners and have experience in fighting terrorism, both at home and abroad. As of Thursday, the United States, the UK, France, Canada and China have given firm commitments of assistance. Washington, for one, has pledged a team of “technical experts including 10 military troops and has enforcement personnel skilled in intelligence, investigations, hostage negotiating, information sharing and victim assistance...” Pentagon (defence ministry) spokesman, Colonel Steve Waren, was quoted that “the military personnel will help with communication and intelligence” but there is no plan to launch operation “now”. The troops the US will be sending in “few days” are besides the 70 already in the country, made up 50 guarding its embassy

in Abuja 20 Marines training the Nigerian military. On its own part, the British government has pledged the deployment of “satellite imaging

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Boko Haram: Foreign help, but at what price? The Americans have said they have not planned to launch military operations now, but leave the option open. And when they decide one is required, they deploy their murderous unmanned drones in our airspace - drones that do not distinguish between the enemy and the civilian victim. capabilities and advanced tracking technologies” in the search for kidnapped schoolgirls. Similar offers have also come from France, Canada and China. China’s leader, Mr. Li Keqiang, who is participating in the ongoing World Economic Forum (WEF) meeting on Africa in Abuja made his government’s offer of help when he met with President Goodluck Jonathan Wednesday. After the

OUR MISSION “To be the market place of ideas and the leading player in the industry by putting the people first, upholding the truth, maintaining the highest professional and ethical standards while delivering value to our stakeholders”

meeting, the president had this to say: “The Premier expressed firm support to efforts at safeguarding our sovereignty and securing our territorial integrity. ..China will assist in our fight against terror, especially our commitment to the rescue of the girls that were taken away from a secondary school at Chibok, Borno state.” It was a hugely relieved Jonathan that announced this flood of supposedly altruistic international offers of assistance on the fringe of the WEF summit. In doing so, he admitted his blunder in dismissing the Boko Haram insurgency, now, in its fifth year as something “temporary” which would be ended without enlisting external help. Now that we have realized we need outside help to secure the release of our girls, first, before they are sold into slavery as the Boko Haram has threatened to do, and then confront the main terror -this at the cost of national pride -what other shall we be expected to pay? The Americans have said they have not planned to launch military operations now, but leave the option open. And when they decide one is required, they deploy their murderous unmanned drones in our airspace - drones that do not distinguish between the enemy and the civilian victim. What will be the rules of engagement and for how long will the “technical experts” be in our country be? These are issues that should sorted out before the arrival of the so-called experts.

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PAGE 13

Opinion Chibok 200+: Health matters arising By Lawrennce Wakdet

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hile the search for the abducted Chibok schoolgirls is going on, the outpouring of emotions and rallies nationwide makes me recoil into my shell. I am totally at sea on how this could be resolved, to get back our girls back and safe. I shudder to think if my daughter was the one of the girls, and I, her ‘Superman’ dad could only but watch helplessly as she cows under the watchful eyes of the trigger-happy villains. For almost three (3) weeks, these girls remain abducted. Under duress and with no prior preparation, these innocent ones were guiled into believing the camouflage–bearing men were there saviours, only to cruelly learn they were their captors. Then, as a public health practitioner, I realize that there are currently more grievous and more hazardous issues at stake. The nozzles of the gun may not spit fire but the world of microorganisms and diseases would kill these girls faster than Shekau can squeeze the trigger. From a health perspective, if these girls were released now, all of them would, and should be moved, without further delay to the Emergency Units of Teaching Hospitals. Why do I say so? Do not just rubbish my thoughts as mere ‘imaginations’ but are as realities of what the girls are going through in hell right now. To set the ball rolling, these girls are all virtually teenagers. The youngest could be 10 and the oldest 19. They were all roused in the middle of the night, with no proper dressing for what will follow. Imagine the cold weather of Borno at night and the extreme heat at daytime. The harsh weather would expose several of them to colds and

catarrh, pneumonia and many respiratory tract infections. Imagine further, in extreme cases, there is an asthmatic patient. Exposure to allergic substances or weather would trigger an asthmatic attack, presented with severe wheezing, breathlessness and even coma. How about the open place where they are all huddled up together? In this heat, any small outbreak of meningitis could spell doom for these angels. What is the hygiene of the water they drink? I don’t think these less-than-honourable men would be kind enough to buy bottled or sachet water for them or cook good food. Even if they are held in some warehouse, well water may well be their only source of drinking water. Can we talk about the water borne diseases they could suffer such as dysentery, typhoid and cholera? How devastating these microbes can be when these poor girls with compromised immunity battle them! Malaria. The greatest killer more than HIV. It would be a festival for mosquitoes. God

help our girls especially if the female anopheles mosquito bearing Plamodium falciparum hover around there. They would suffer unimaginable bouts of malaria fever, malaise, fatigue, anaemia, just name them. To make matters worse, no medications would be afforded them. These are life-threatening matters. The guerilla terrorists would definitely have some sort of medical care for themselves but I doubt if they would care to share. These girls, as girls would, would naturally be fashion conscious, no matter how little. I mean before their capture. Now to even take their bath would almost be anathema to their captors. They could be allowed to wash their faces and prop up their looks. How about nature’s hidden crevices (downloaded from their creator) so susceptible to candidiasis and scabies? How about the dermatological or skin manifestations due to the allergies of unkempt places or unwashed bodies? Again, who would afford them a simple antiseptic bath, to keep the

micro and macro parasites at bay? The bites, stings, the allergies and even the annoying flies hovering above the head can make one go beserk. We are talking about girls who are in their teens. These are in their reproductive ages, some barely entering puberty. Nobody dares to explain to the naïve ones what menses mean but if they are supposed to be writing WAEC, they must have been menstruating for a while. Who supplies them with sanitary pads? Even make-shift tissue paper or clothes indigent women use, where can they be found? Nature abhors vacuum. Either the girls bleed uncontrollably or improvise any dirty clothes to manage the bleeding. That further endangers them to further infections. Imagine spending sleepless nights? Insomnia creeps in. Anxiety, despair, fear, all the negative emotions plague the mind. Mental health comes in: depression, psychosis, delusion, hallucinations of unfathomable evil perpetrated before their very eyes. This

Malaria. The greatest killer more than HIV. It would be a festival for mosquitoes. God help our girls especially if the female anopheles mosquito bearing Plamodium falciparum hover around there. They would suffer unimaginable bouts of malaria fever, malaise, fatigue, anaemia, just name them. To make matters worse, no medications would be afforded them. These are life-threatening matters. The guerilla terrorists would definitely have some sort of medical care for themselves but I doubt if they would care to share

sends one into delirium and even dementia. Unfortunately, it is not a one-off event. Scenes of violence and exploitation are so dehumanizing to make one psychologically deranged. Just the use of a whip on a student’s back would send chills down ones spine, not to mention unimaginable torture to girls picked out of the lot. I cringe in horror. I can see that some girls got bruised from the manhandling and some had cuts while trying to escape. Open wounds bring in staphyloccus and rusted iron cuts expose one to tetanus. How many of the girls, heralded through thorny bushes and hideouts, ruffled into and out of transient houses and uncompleted buildings, came out unscathed? In respect for the grieving parents and families, I would not venture into matters of sexual abuse which can lead to a host of infections, worst of all, with no treatment or prophylaxis. I shudder to think of the consequences of forced marriage. If I had one sentence for Shekau, it would be this: ALLOW THESE GIRLS RECEIVE MEDICAL ATTENTION. The International Community, the Federal Ministry of Health and the Red Cross must brainstorm on how Boko Haram would allow its own specified health personnel to have unhindered access and offer medical service to these needy girls. Easier said than done but I am getting hysterical thinking of a way out of this quagmire. Lawrence Wakdet is a pharmacist and public health practitioner at the Institute of Human Virology, Abuja.

Feeble leaders, fearsome demons By Kadaria Ahmed

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he response of the Nigerian government to the abduction of more than 200 girls from a school in the northeast of the country by Boko Haram, an Islamist terrorist group, has been a disgrace. Politicians from all sides have compounded the incompetence of their efforts to locate the pupils by attempting to gain political mileage from the abduction and from the wider issue of insurgency. It is a reminder of the sorry state of both the government and the security services in a country that only last month declared itself Africa’s largest economy. The political class has lost its moral compass. Its chief concern is now self-preservation. Across the nation citizens have united in their thousands to condemn the abduction. Meanwhile, politicians are trading

wild claims. There has been conflicting information regarding the number of girls taken. The army at one point said it had rescued the girls, only to retract its claim shortly afterwards. In the weeks after the April 14 kidnappings, precious time was frittered away. The opportunity for a swift search and rescue mission was all but squandered. So far as we know, the authorities have no clues and no coherent plan to secure the safe return of the victims. With the attention of the world now focused on Nigeria, the authorities have no choice but to act. On Sunday President Goodluck Jonathan finally appeared on television to promise that everything would be done to find the girls and return them to their homes. Foreign governments including the US and Britain have offered “practical” help to rescue them. Given the dismal performance of

the Nigerian authorities so far, such offers should be accepted without delay. Whatever the outcome of this tragic episode, it has revealed deep-rooted problems in our country that will not go away. It is a disheartening list: weak leadership, incompetent government, a polarised society and a political class at odds with the ordinary citizens. Boko Haram must, of course, bears the primary responsibility for this outrageous act. But the Nigerian government cannot be absolved of its monumental failures on national security. Providing basic security for its citizens is, after all, the state’s most important obligation. It is one that the Nigerian government has completely failed to discharge. Nigeria’s defence and security budget stands at roughly 1tn naira, (about £3.6bn). A state of emergency has been declared in three of the country’s northeastern states. Yet despite

all this, the Boko Haram sect continues unfazed in its campaign of terror. In the past three weeks it has twice hit Nigeria’s capital Abuja, with tragic loss of life. The borderless nature of international terrorism means that no single state can defeat these wicked adversaries alone. Yet Nigeria has so far failed to take advantage of help offered by countries that have the experience and skills needed to tackle this deadly threat. It is difficult to see why not. Scores of Nigerians will die unnecessarily as a result. Many more will live in fear. The abduction of the Chibok village girls has illuminated the fractured relationship between government leaders and the people who elected them. There is no longer any trust. The country has become deeply divided along ethnic and religious lines. The Boko Haram insurgency

had been viewed as a problem of the north, of little concern to the rest of the country. No longer.n Now more than ever, Nigeria needs leadership – not of the kind that is rooted in ethnic identity or religion, but genuine governance. The aim must be to fashion a better Nigeria for all Nigerians, regardless of ethnicity or religion. Mr. Jonathan has a choice. He can rise to the occasion and provide the decisive leadership that Nigeria has lacked. Or he can face a real possibility of watching helplessly as Nigeria disintegrates on his watch. For him and for a country that confronts pressing challenges, it is time to ask for help. This may be an affront to Nigerian pride, but it could also save lives. Ms. Kadaria Ahmed, former editor at the defunct NEXT newspapers, and now television producer


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

PAGE 14

Opinion

Whom the gods would destroy they first make mad By Amma Ogan

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igeria’s history seems is full of those moments when one is forced to ask where are we going, or, who are we fooling? For the most part these questions have come at regular intervals. In the last four years though since the advent of ‘Boko Haram’ the pace has been frightening and it seems to me in the last two months has assumed a terrifying reality. That, is the sensation you get when you have a nightmare and in your subconscious state your world is caught up in a violent convulsion that signals the end of everything you know. Then you wake up and relief floods your mind, and you laugh if off. Maybe it was that egusi and efo having been left in one place for too long, bubbling up to assert its alter ego. But what has happened here is no mere nightmare. It is the result of something we, our government, have allowed to keep happening. At the venue of our 50th birthday celebration a bomb goes off . What does the man of the moment do the following year? He stays at home. In the last four years Boko Haram has grown into a terrifying threat each time resorting to action that is more deadly and abhorrent than the last. Each time, taunting Nigeria with its ability to confound any forces summoned against it. Maybe it’s the stultifying religiosity of our times that has overtaken people’s minds, lulled us into the unreality of leaving it all to a greater power to manage for us. We seem to wallow in our abject inability to control our destiny, nay, to even define a destiny; to take charge of where we want to be, to take responsibility for who we are. Governance in Nigeria

is about looting. Boko Haram on the other hand, whomever they may be, because Nigerians, the media, the government, the political parties, the security agencies don’t seem to know, are the exact opposite. Boko Haram defines its targets does what it wants. And comes back

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for more. It kills scores of people each week. It slits the throats of our sons when they are sleeping in their dormitories at night, it abducts our daughters in the hundreds and threatens to sell them into slavery in 2014, and it has been wreaking this mayhem steadily, over the last four years. And yet Goodluck Jonathan, the president of this country who cannot ensure the safety and security of our children

is running for reelection. Can’t see the problem, can’t solve the problem, but wants another go in the seat of power. His wife has actually dismissed the abduction of the girls of Chibok as a ruse to scuttle her husband’s campaign for reelection. I have no polite words to describe the press conference she gave on the matter two days ago. Suffice to say we have never had a first lady with her particular lack of

qualifications. Never. She not only speaks for God she also speaks as Him. Three weeks the girls of Chibok were abducted by the busloads. Three weeks ago the president and his wife were celebrating the marriage of their adopted daughter in Abuja. (there was some story, denied of course, about gold plated cell phones as gifts for guests) And just this week the Goodluck Jonathan finally felt he had to say something to the

There is a level of deterioration in the quality of our life as a nation that is just mind-boggling, whether or not we now have a sprinkling of Forbes rated billionaires. This is not because we are the only country faced with the problem of terrorism, but because we are so ill equipped to deal with it and this is principally because our governance and leadership is so totally addicted to graft, it cannot even give any thought to the matter of self –preservation for itself, let alone for others

effect that he did not know where the girls are. Yes, you can say that the man was being honest, but there is no question that he has been ineffective on this matter. You may even wish to argue that he is no better or worse than any other Nigerian president, but na dat one we go chop? Terrorism in Nigeria is growing and we are just marking time, sharing a cake? There was a massively launched road map to power as soon as Jonathan took the reins of power following the death of his predecessor, Yar’ adua. Where are we on that today? A president was rendered brain dead on his way to seek medical treatment abroad. You would think his successor’s first task would be to build a word class hospital within reach of Aso Rock. No, his wife still travels overseas for undisclosed ailments, on the people’s money: no shame. The steady hum of generators still fills the nation: the long queues of vehicles outside petrol stations, still a regular occurrence. The chorus that was written for Obasanjo still plays for Jonathan. Same party, same nonsense. There is a level of deterioration in the quality of our life as a nation that is just mind-boggling, whether or not we now have a sprinkling of Forbes rated billionaires. This is not because we are the only country faced with the problem of terrorism, but because we are so ill equipped to deal with it and this is principally because our governance and leadership is so totally addicted to graft, it cannot even give any thought to the matter of self –preservation for itself, let alone for others. So the principal issue remains: when are we going to realise that governance is not a matter of kalokalo and public relations stunts. If these girls of Chibok are not saved, who will be? Amma Ogan is a former editor at The Guardian

Chibok schoolgirls: What government should have done By Onyinye Ough

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t has been three weeks (23 days) since over 200 young secondary school girls were abducted in Chibok, Borno state. The government’s response has been disappointing resulting in nationwide protests. There are many immediate actions that the Nigerian government should have taken to demonstrate its commitment as well as help in bringing back the girls home.

They include the following: A nationwide presidential broadcast should have been given immediately after receiving the news of the abducted girls. No time ought to have been wasted. The military should have been mobilized immediately to go into the Sambisa forest (where it is believed that the girls were initially taken) rather than allowing parents with no military training to do so. The government should have

urgently requested for help from the international community to join forces with its military. A counselling center should have been set up for the families of the abducted girls. The government should have briefed Nigerians daily on progress being made to bring back the girls. It should have worked with the school and families of the abducted girls to determine the names and numbers of the missing girls

and not blame traumatized parents for being uncooperative. Immediate responses like these are what Nigerians expect from its government. Setting up a committee weeks after the girls had been abducted is not the solution. In addition, arresting protesters fighting for the release of the girls is unacceptable and insensitive. The Nigerian government needs to improve its intelligence gathering and the military’s

capacity to handle terrorism issues. One of the main functions of government is to provide security for its people. It is the right of every Nigerian to have good security. Nigerians need proper action now from its government. Please bring back our girls home. Mrs. Onyinye Ough, a development expert, anticorruption blogger, and publisher of the Step Up Nigeria blog


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

PAGE 15

Comment Not even those named after luck... By Abayomi Ogunwale

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cursory look at the map however, does very little justice to the political dynamics which preceded the 2011 general elections. Agreed, there were irregularities in the process, but President Goodluck Jonathan did deserve that electoral victory. By putting himself up for elections however, against the spirit of an intraparty zoning agreement which he had assented to, Jonathan lost every claim to any moral victory that the election might have generated. His ‘remarkable’ inability to manage the fallout of that election and unite a nation, fractured by a tense campaign, based on ethnic and religious sentiments, has become his main undoing; this enduring legacy of betrayed confidence. President Jonathan is that egg that will never become a rooster, a worm trapped in transition, never to become a butterfly. He won a presidential election, but lacked the social capital, wisdom and block of character from which a good leader could have been hewn. With a coterie of sycophantic advisers, parasitic hangers-on, and malevolent manipulators, he is a perpetual victim of his own lack of selfconfidence. His advisers also

understand the limits of his leadership credentials, and they feed on his malignant ambition, sometimes to the detriment of his legacy, and often for self-serving ends. This lack of confidence explains his inability to quickly discard the contentious garments of a political aspirant for the nobler and more conciliatory adornment of a statesman. He took the oaths of the President and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, but deep down within him, he remained an insecure, President-wannabeupstart, who had just stumbled

out of nondescript anonymity. He just didn’t know when to stop campaigning, and start leading a nation in dire need of purposeful leadership. Against this background, we can understand his clannishness, and his unflinching affection for every endeavor that favors his re-election ambition. Without the handicap of this blind ambition, he may have comprehended better, and much earlier, the dangers which the Boko Haram sect posed to the peaceful, even if sometimes difficult, Nigerian life. Unfortunately for us, the man in whom we had reposed our confidence could not see

behind the hue of his own powerlust. Every act of terrorism was promptly disregarded as actions from a faceless ‘Northern’ opposition to his purposeless leadership; and greedy advisers appealed to his insecurities and his hunger for power, telling him only the things that could make him dance, while terrorists invaded the country and carted away our perception of peace. Despite my optimism, a part of me fears that it he has responded too late to the plight of the girls who were kidnapped from the Government College in Chibok. It is almost three weeks, and there are multiple pockets

President Jonathan is that egg that will never become a rooster, a worm trapped in transition, never to become a butterfly. He won a presidential election, but lacked the social capital, wisdom and block of character from which a good leader could have been hewn. With a coterie of sycophantic advisers, parasitic hangers-on, and malevolent manipulators, he is a perpetual victim of his own lack of self-confidence. His advisers also understand the limits of his leadership credentials, and they feed on his malignant ambition, sometimes to the detriment of his legacy, and often for self-serving ends

of disconcerting denials coming from inner government circles that, the girls are far away from our porous borders. One needs only to read comments from the President’s spokesmen and allies to understand that, this government does not believe that the girls were actually kidnapped. By the time the realization fully dawns, one hopes it would not be too late to effect any worthwhile rescue. In a cruel twist of fate, it is this particular failure that may doom the Jonathan Presidency; the one mistake that he might ultimately wish that he did not make. We have come to terms with his incompetence. We understand the limitations of his verbal and analytic abilities; we can even relate with his easy relationship with corruption. He could keep shielding Diezani, or in fact, pardon Ibori and every criminal in Kirikiri, and we won’t be surprised. But this; this nonchalance to the plight of young, innocent Nigerian girls may drive an eternal wedge between him and the Nigerian populace. Nobody recovers from that kind of mortal blow. Not even those named after Luck. Abayomi Ogunwale is at Baylor College of Medicine, Texas. USA.

The many prospects and constraints in the FCT By Musa Wada

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oint to point, on every measure of growth, Nigeria’s capital city, Abuja is leaping in bounds on the road to being one of the top 20 capital cities of the world barring any hiccups. Successive administrations in the FCT have prioritized the obligation of nurturing Abuja into a modern, competitive capital city, and to that extent have drawn several initiatives, programmes and projects in aid of the actualization of that dream. It is recognized that achieving this dream involves continuous show of commitment and seriousness of concerted efforts on the gradual processes that will ultimately bring Abuja to the threshold of the desirable level of developments, distinctive programme and innovative strategies aimed at leaving a sustaining legacies of development have been introduced by each and every one of the FCT administrations. A careful chronicling of the developmental events in the FCT will naturally dedicate volumes to the current administration for its developmental efforts. Senator Bala Mohammad has, despite challenges, insisted that the dream of the makers of the city must not go in vain. He has been able to move Abuja ahead on a sustainable course of growth. Senator Bala’s most striking distinction as the

FCT minister is his exemplary character of determination and uncanny ability to locate and focus on the city core responsibilities and doing those things well even in the face of unfavourable fiscal realities, brutal cynicism, safety and security threat as never before witnessed. The honourable minister has dedicated himself to sustaining and advancing all the successes the city has achieved while striving to meet the expectations of a continually increasing FCT population. His administration has made progress on transportation projects, including several major improvements underway for our roads and other infrastructure

that will provide the basic foundation for our capital city. In keeping to his promise of maintaining a healthy and clean environment, the FCT administration has reduced paper waste, purchased several functional waste dispersal trucks, engaged facilities managers to manage facilities and clean up roads around the city, while a comprehensive effort to expand recycling and overall waste reduction is underway. Exceptionally focused on pursuing people-oriented programmes, the minister sees communicating with citizens as a priority and has continued to keep the FCT residents well-informed and engaged in city related issues

through a responsive FCT call centre responsibly managed by Mrs Jumai Ahmadu, an indefatigable public relation veteran The Honourable minister has repeatedly emphasized the significance of safety as the cornerstone of a civil society and critical to the health and vitality of the city. The minister has never failed to emphasized the need for the people to feel safe when they are in their homes and when they are out in the community. The current wave of terrorism has greatly stretched this necessity and the minister is working in collaraboration with the federal government to beef up security and safety in the FCT

The minister attention has not missed the recreational aspect of the city life as he has carefully planned out several recreational options for the people comfort. Senator Bala Mohammad administration in the FCT has recorded many milestones and of recent, the completion of the lower usuma dam treatment plant expansion project stand tall. It underscores the onwavering commitment of the minister towards improving the living standards of love in the FCT through direct impact projects. This project is regarded as the largest single water treatment plant in Africa with a total capacity to treat 20 million litres of water per hour and adequately responds to the water demand of the growing population of the FCT, augmenting the existing water infrastructure

through pragmatic and necessary measures. The minister’s attention has not missed the recreational aspect of the city life as he has carefully planned out several recreational options for the people comfort. Senator Bala Mohammad administration in the FCT has recorded many milestones and of recent, the completion of the lower usuma dam treatment plant expansion project stand tall. It underscores the onwavering commitment of the minister towards improving the living standards of love in the FCT through direct impact projects. This project is regarded as the largest single water treatment plant in Africa with a total capacity to treat 20 million litres of water per hour and adequately responds to the water demand of the growing population of the FCT, augmenting the existing water infrastructure. It is instructive to point out that this project that the honourable minister has nurtured to fruition today compliant with WHO standard was begun in 2005 yet the minister in his characteristic judiciousness followed it through. In the days to come, with this development, it is to be expected that the challenges of water supply will be a thing of history in the FCT as the water distribution networks will cover phases 2 and 3 of the city including areas like Gwarinpa Kafe, Wuye, etc Musa Wada wrote in from Abuja


PAGE 16

By Stanley Onyekwere

A

djacent to the cozy Chida International Hotel, situated at Augustus Aikhomu Street, Utako District, Abuja, is one of the city’s glamorous relaxation spots called Gardens and bar- a place which attracts a nightly throng of girls of easy virtue, on the excuse of its cut-rate rent and stable scarce energy supply. The name ‘Eden’ is one of a kind! As it is ironically to the Biblical meaning; Eden is supposed to house the most precious atmosphere. However, it ranks amongst most glowing recreations and gardensin the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), where one could get anything you want for relaxation. From enjoying life band, suya, shawama, fish, drinks (alcohol and soft) to games like table tennis, snooker and live television matches, area are a few available conventional facilities at the Garden, for leisure. Also, upcoming artistes are given the window to showcase their talents on stage and spectators (fun lovers) splash on them when a performance is worthwhile. Though fun seekers throng the place for relaxation, Eden is also heaven female forks known as ‘Ashawo’ or prostitutes. They are also fondly known as sharp girls while others call them ‘mamas.’ They come from different parts of the FCT and neighbouring and far away states, such as Kaduna, Nasarawa, Kogi, Lagos and Enugu, respectively. The garden which is situated in a rosy serene atmosphere attracts patronage from different places, for different purposes. At night time, young and beautiful, some skinny while others are fleshy, walking in skimpy clothing with eyes bright like the morning dew, but red for cash, waving at cars to come access their product. They littered the street. And it didn’t mean much if it was night. To them, the street lights, which shone on them clearly added glamour to the scene. Though there are about four other hotels in the axis, in addition to Chida, the girls love to stay behind the garden with their sexy skimpy skirts. This, most of them do on a daily basis, while a few do so during weekends. To a first time visitor, what is really striking about this garden is its normal outlook of place where men and women in their numbers trooped in for recreation and fun. Coming in contact with Eden, while walking along the area, you would be welcomed by scintillating music from a bar located nearby. It will then become glaring why these girls chose to lurk around there. Late into the night, some of them would take their trade inside the garden crisscrossing in between tables, and wherever people gathered. It can render a visitor disoriented and lost, several times over.

PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

Eden Garden: Abuja’s prostitutes haven of a kind

Girls of easy virtue (prostitutes) daily throng Eden Garden for business at night

Mode of operation The conversation begins proper when one of the girls has approached your car- saying “Hello”, otherwise a “come” sign or a sudden stop along the road brings sometimes more than one of them to your car. This, a curious and keen observer would not waste time to decode almost immediately, even from a distant point, in the area. Most evenings, as early as 8.00 pm until the wee hours of the morning, these girls throng the area, for serious business. Just strolling around the area, at about 9: 30 PM, trying to experience first-hand activities there, in two separate dates, precisely last penultimate week, “Bros come na!” One of the ladies shouted, though at first, to her it looked asif I did not hear her or pretended not to. Then she shouted: catch am, na my own! She was average height, wearing a tight gown with stripes And when I stopped and moved closer to nose round, the following conversation ensued: “Bros, you wan touch bum bum (buttocks) and or suck my breast? Or na short time, you want? ” Though the attention easily faded away from me as about four cars pulled over near where I was negotiating with the lady, and immediately she switched attention over to the parked, alongside with

other girls who were busy shaking their (backside) demonstrating to their clients that their product was still in one piece. At a time, about eight cars came around and picked the girls. These cars were flashy and not the normal little ones. Interestingly, some of the call girls disguised themselves like ‘Hajiya’, putting on hijab or wearing native clothes waiting for someone to call on them. Even in these attires, it seems their customers identify them easily because when they stroll around, you see them as if they are waiting for a taxi, but all is a diversionary method to confuse any security group from arresting them. Findings revealed that from 11.00 pm and business goes in full swing, most of them become impatient to land a client for the night. However, instead of loitering around, some girls only sit and lurk around the bars inside the garden inside, occasionally engaging in one social debate or another. Indeed, since they dress well, it will be difficult to take them for whores. As one enters the garden, there were no fewer than 7 men with small kiosks inside the garden. Apart from chewing gum and perhaps recharge cards, the other most prominent items on display at the kiosks were all manner of cartons of condoms.

I bought a recharge card from one of them, so as to gain his trust and talk to him. The trick worked. When I demanded to know whether “babes” no longer come to the garden, he smiled and pointed to a corner where there was a live band. He told me in not-Hausa and pigeon English that I had passed many of them unknowingly. On getting to the live band arena, ladies who were already seated, pretending to be guests, who came to drink, started making some unusual gestures towards my direction. Straightaway, it dawned on me that they were the “Mamas” who, for fear of arrest, no longer stand on the roadside. The price tag Unlike the ‘cheap ones,’ but not the usual expensive ones in places like Maitama, Gwarinpa and Wuse II, who live in big houses, drive luxury cars, they are the type all class of people go for ‘sharp sharp’ and whenever they want, one wouldjust stroll there and pay for their time. For most of the girls operating in the area, at least N500, 00 would do her a world of good, for short service. They are very young, older ladies but are not the big type. This also determines the cost of `hiring’ them. The writer of this piece tried to ascertain the cost per night and the discovery

was that the price is not fixed but there is a limit which has conditionalities. But if you think that service would be done without a price, you are dead wrong. First, the commercial sex worker looks at the customer and the type of car he rides before stating her price. Against this backdrop, the bargaining starts from N15, 000 and terminates at between N5, 000 and N8, 000. At least, that is what was revealed. At first one of the girls (name unknown) I was chatting with, while pretending to be waiting for my lady, was hesitant to reveal how juicy the business environment was. But, luckily she later opened up when she learnt that I would give her money (N1, 000) without really touching her. In answer to the question posed to her, she replied, that it depends on how business is. She says: “On a good night, I fit get as much as N10, 000 or N20, 000. But when market is bad or slow I can realized like N4,000 to N7,000 from short time, but on this time I prefer going out for all-night, to save myself the stress of standing endlessly.” However, the place used for this business is varied. For short-time sessions, the girls had a curious arrangement with the security guards at the park and they often ‘rented’ their guard houses to her for a ‘quick service’. The ‘rent’ is usually paid by the client along with her fee. For a quickie, I found out goes “about N500 and N100, even up to N3, 000, depending on the negotiation. The Abuja appeal Abuja, is a capital city with its own unique attraction-with the promise of a good or better life. For some, these dreams come true easily, for others maybe not. Facts abounds that most people especially ladies, throng into this city of dreams with a lot of expectations. But soon some of them found out that there were no free meals here and soon the seamy side of urban life presented itself as a viable alternative after some time of fruitless search for the good of the land. For Chichi ( not real name), who claimed to be an unemployed graduate of Business Administration from a university in the southeastern part of the country, Abuja is a merciless city and I have to survive with or without legitimate means. Continued on page 18


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PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

INNA LILLAHI WA INNA ILLAHI RAJIUN With gratitude to Almighty Allah for a life well spent, we the members of the family of Mallam Mohammed Yusuf of Duguri District of Bauchi State, announce the passage of our Matriarch, Mother, Grandmother and Great Grandmother, Hajiya Aisha Jummare Mohammed. She died on Wednesday, 7th May 2014 in Bauchi after a brief illness at the age of 80. Hajiya Aisha Jummare who was born in 1934 in Alkaleri, the Headquarters of Alkaleri Local Government of Bauchi State, has since been buried according to Islamic rites. She is survived by four children namely Senator Bala Abdulkadir Mohammed, the Honourable Minister of FCT; Alhaji Adamu Mohammed, Hauwa Maijida, and Asmau Mohammed. May Allah grant her Al-Jannah Firdausi, Ameen.

Late Hajiya Aisha Jummare Mohammed

SENATOR BALA ABDULKADIR MOHAMMED, CON, FABS, HON. MINISTER, FCT


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PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

Metro Continued from page 16

“I came to Abuja with high hopes, precisely four years ago. In two years, I could not secure a Job, I no see; husband, I no see. So I joined the booming trade (prostitution). ” she lamented. Her story is the same with many young girls who have found the Eden Garden as a heaven of sought and other streets of the FCT, for easy means of survival. This is because many think, sometimes, erroneously, that the town is wet with money from politicians, contractors, suppliers of general goods, etc. This perceived abundance flow of money guarantees the ladies of the night a handsome income. Consequently, girls always try to look ravishingly attractive to suit the mood of the town. To this end, prostitution in the city is booming. From the highbrow areas of Maitama, Wuse, Garki, Asokoro and Utako to the satellite suburbs of Karu, Kubwa, Lugbe and Idu-Karmo, to mention but a few, commercial sex trade continues to flourish in what is purportedly Africa’s fastest growing city, in spite of measures by the city officials to clamp down on its practitioners. The Fight against prostitution At a point, the FCT Administration had become uncomfortable with the situation of loitering sex workers and rolled out some legal instrument to put an end to prostitution, especially at public places in the city. The FCT authority, through its Secretary for Social Development, Mrs. Blessing Onuh, in fact, banned the “business” in the city. Even after the ban by the FCT Minister, Bala Mohammed, who gave prostitutes an ultimatum to leave Nigeria’s capital or face the wrath of the law, as investigation has shown there are more patronage as it has taken a new guise in the area (Utako-Jabi axis) and Wuse zone 4 area. They are everywhere in the

Some alleged prostitutes arrested by officials of the Abuja Environmental Protection Board.

Eden Garden: Abuja’s prostitutes haven of a kind FCT. They are no ghosts. It then makes one to think that the so called ban on prostitution has little or no effect as the market has continued to boom with patronage from all angles. But the FCT minister, who recently decried the steady rise in the population of prostitutes in Abuja, once, noted that they constitute a nuisance as their services add no value to the beauty of the city ordering the FCT Special Task Force to arrest and prosecute them. Also, men who patronise the sex workers were warned to desist from the act as anyone caught would be treated like

Map for picture of Eden garden, Jabi, Abuja

the prostitutes. But all those warnings seem to had fallen on deaf ears, as they continue to buy the products with reckless abandoned. A client who spoke on anonymity said that since the ban the girls’ activities in FCT, they have increased their charges to between N4, 000 and N6,000 per night for what is known as “all night”, that’s when a customer decides to take a girl home for the deal. He said that they formerly charge between N35,000 and N5, 000; but now they increased their price to between N 6,000 to N10, 000. However, another held a contrary view about the effect of ban on their charge for their service, as the situation has somehow reduce the patronage because not everyone can afford such amount and risk of being caught in the act. But, one common thing is that they believe is that the agency responsible for bringing this so called business to a halt should channel properly, resources set aside to help offenders for a proper rehabilitation. But determined to stamp out the criminal practice, the FCT Administration, through the Abuja Environmental Protection Board (AEPB), has launched an operation to dislodge prostitutes from the city. Investigation revealed that the operation is carried out based on the provision of Section 35 (1g) of the AEPB Act No. 10 of 1997, which prohibits sex trade in the capital city. According to a recent report by a national daily, AEPB, in

collaboration Society Against Prostitution and Child Labour (SAP-CLN) has led to the arrest of 104 commercial sex workers in various parts of the city during three raids. SAP-CLN is an Abuja-based non-governmental organization involved in the rehabilitation of prostitutes and street children. The report says the total of 104 suspected commercial sex workers who were arrested for prosecution during raids carried out by the board in collaboration with SAP-CLN, were prosecuted in magistrate court, where some were found guilty, and accordingly asked to either pay fines or serve prison terms. However, convicts, who could afford the stipulated fine, were sent for rehabilitation at the SAP-CLN center located in Sabo Lugbe, off Umaru Yar’Adua Way. The coordinator of SAPCLN, Mrs. Grace Adogo, said the organization was touched by the plight of the commercial sex workers who were sent to prison. She said a lot of the commercial sex workers saw what they did as business and not as a criminal activity. Adogo recounted the story of an inmate who, after spending one month at the rehabilitation centre, suddenly stripped herself and shouted on top of her voice that she could no longer cope. According to her, the inmate said she used to sleep with several men in a day and send some of the proceeds home for the upkeep of her family. “She shouted that she should be released immediately and we

did, because we couldn’t keep her against her wish. She said she used to sleep with several men in a day and could not continue to cope without seeing a man. “She told me that her mother called and said she had lost so much revenue during the one month she was in the center and that she should come out and continue the business. The girl went back home”, she was quoted in the report. Despite what the mediamen of the capital city’s administration churn out in the press about winning the war against prostitution, it remains a booming, ever evolving business. However, the feeling still remains that the society honestly should feel sorry for those sexual workers. The thinking is that some of the ladies of easy virtues around the area are doing this kind of job because of life’s hardship. To this end, some people opined that they think it has to reach a time for prostitution to be legalized, so as they will be known where they are and where they can be found if there is a case of a certain illegal matters concerning them. The argument is that life is how one makes it in terms of consciousness especially when it comes to the matter of human rights. Most importantly, perhaps it was time that stakeholders talked to these girls, that they must have their leaders who will represent their problems, and let them have a special place and not just passing around as they are doing just now especially in recreational facilities like Eden Garden.


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PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

INSIDE

business@peoplesdailyng.com 08142929046/etuka2012@gmail.com/08066605655

AfDB installs data management system in CBN, NBS By Etuka Sunday

A

L-R: Cote d’ivoire Prime Minister, Daniel Duncan, Tanzania President, Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, President Goodluck Jonathan, Special Assistant to the UN Secretary General, Amina Mohammed, Rwanda President, Paul Kagame, Erastus Mwencha of World Health Organisation Panel Anchor-Man, Rajiv Shah and Benin Republic President, Boni Yayi, during the high level closing plenary of Grow Africa Investment Forum, yesterday in Abuja. Photo: NAN

Associated airlines pay N80m initial compensation for crash victims

…As Arik Air alerts travellers of new security measures at Nigerian airports

From Suleiman Idris, Lagos

F

amilies of sixteen victims of the October 3rd 2013 Associated Airlines crash in Lagos, yesterday were given an initial $30, 000 each compensation as stipulated by the ICAO regulations for dead passengers. Representatives of the dead gathered at the Adeniyi Jones Avenue office of the airline in Lagos where they were handed forms to fill by a commercial bank official at the ceremony conducted secretly. Our reporter gathered that the cash were not directly handed over to the families but were asked to access the payment via the bank.

A family member who received the initial payment, told Peoples Daily the airline promised to settle the outstanding $70, 000 when all investigations into the circumstances surrounding the crash have been concluded. The International Civil Association Organisation (ICAO) regulations stipulated that an initial $30, 000 be paid to dead victims’ families of accident pending investigations into the crash. Deputy General Manager, Public Affairs of NCAA, Samuel Adurogboye confirmed that 3 other representative did not turned up while 4 others still have issues yet to be settled with the airline.

Meanwhile, Arik Air yesterday alerted air travelers of new security measures put in place at Nigerian airports by the Federal Government and advised all intending air travelers to set out early for their flights to avoid loss of travel time. The airline stated that the Federal Government has put extra security measures in place at all airports and this could cause traffic snare on airport roads leading to unforeseen delays or missed flights for travellers. The new security measures being implemented by government has led to visible presence of more security personnel across the nation’s airports, it said in a

statement. Adebanji Ola, the airline spokesperson said “Passengers are also advised to familiarize themselves with check-in procedures at the airport. Arik Air check-in counters open two hours before departure for Domestic flights, three hours for Regional and four hours for International flights. “All passengers must have completed check-in for their flights prior to check-in closure which is 30 minutes (for Domestic Flights), 45 minutes (Regional Flights) and 90 minutes (for International Flights) before the scheduled departure time,” he told reporters.

Nigeria will benefit from World Economic Forum-Power Minister By Etuka Sunday

T

he Minister of State for Power, Mohammed Wakil has said that the hosting of the World Economic Forum would consolidate Nigeria new status as the biggest economy in Africa and attract higher foreign direct investment. The Minister who spoke on the sideline of the opening Session of the Forun in Abuja , said the recent rebasing of the Nigerian economy has attracted greater attention from the World economic community with many developing greater interest in Nigeria and her many booming sectors. “ Nigeria attained major landmark as the leading economy on the continent following the

rebasing of our economy. This is generating deep interest from major economic Players all over the World. The forum now provides that timely opportunity for such economic leaders to directly meet actors in Nigerian economy and network for greater direct foreign investment. “For us in the power sector, the opportunities for investment by foreign investors can be accessed directly . We are excited with this rare opportunity. This forum will open up our economy further, develop further sectoral investment, create Jobs for the unemployed and generate collective prosperity for us all. “The power sector is hosting a sideline power investors’ forum with identified international banks. We are the leading

investors’ destination in Africa. This forum will enhance that position, will bring in more funds, will develop our power, oil, transport, agricultural sectors. We are reconfirming our leadership position despite our challenges “, the minister explained. The minister noted further that the forum been hosted on behalf of Africa by Nigeria will also “strengthen Inter- African trade and enhance common collaboration in such vital sectors as power, agriculture, transportation among others” adding that “this is new lease of life for Nigerian economy. “So we have a lot to gain and I think we should accept that hosting the forum is a vote of confidence in our leadership position in Africa.

frican Development Bank (AfDB) has disclosed that a revolutionary data management system was installed and tested in Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) recently. The institution conveyed the disclosure in its monthly newsletter issued by the Nigerian country office in Abuja, adding that the Open Data Portal/Platform (ODP) would significantly increase public access to official and other statistics. It said: “The ODP – as tool for data submission was recently tested by CBN and NBS. They were supported by a joint AfDB and IMF team of experts.” AfDB maintained that the resultant success of the tests in the agencies, the international monetary fund (IMF) is planning to adopt the ODP as a tool for its data submission by all the African countries. It also stated that the institution will fund the installation of the platform in all the Central Banks of the 54 African countries to enhance their data handling processes. AfDB said it earlier conducted training in February for data dissemination staff of NBS and CBN on the navigational and visualisation functionality of the ODP platform.

Collection Procedure (II) -Pg 22 Exchange Rates CBN as at 8th MAY, 2014 Buying

Selling

$

154.7

155.74

256.94

258.60

£

212.44

213.81

Riyal

41.25

41.52

YEN

1.49

1.50

CFA

0.30

0.32

MANAGEMENT TIP OF THE DAY To manage your workload, defer early and often

Y

ou can make the greatest contribution to your organization by focusing on your own highest-value work. If you find yourself taking on an increasing number of projects and/or people, deflect tasks that someone else can do — even if you could help — before they ever hit your to-do list. Deferring is different from delegating. Delegating is handing off your responsibilities; deferring incorporates delegating, but also involves passing activities on to another appropriate party before

they ever hit your to-do list. For example, if someone asks you an IT question, direct them to the Help Desk. If you’re invited to attend a meeting where you may offer some insight but other attendees could probably offer something similar, consider not going. Deferring shows respect for others’ competency and allows you the bandwidth to get done what only you can do, which is what your team really needs. Source: Harvard Business Review


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PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

PAGE 21


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PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

Business

Collection Procedure (II)

I

currency of the contract agreement. The individuals covered by the Federal Inland Revenue Service are the non-residents, residents of Abuja, members of the Police & Armed Forces and External Affairs Officers. Other individuals are under the tax jurisdiction of the State tax authority where the individuals reside.

nterest & Penalty for Late Payment

The interest is not an alternative to the penalty. Interest is for late and deferred payments while penalty is charged for late payment of tax. Interest is therefore charged in addition to the penalty in cases of late payment.

*The term ‘contract supplies’ covers all forms of supplies, deliveries, or the like through competitive bidding, tenders, LPOs or other arrangements, whether oral or written. The term does not cover across-the-counter cash sales or supplies in the ordinary course of sales.

Self-Assessment Penalty starts to count from the due date of payment but interest starts to count from a day after the due date of payment. Government Assessments Penalty is charged from the date the assessment was issued but interest is reckoned from a day after the assessment was issued. Example 4 A company was served a notice of amended assessment for N500,000 to replace a disputed government assessment on 1st May, 1992. The tax remained unpaid till 31st October, 1992. Comment Penalty for late Payment Note: 1/5/92 to 31/10/92 6 months Penalty = 6/12 of 10/100 of 500,000 = N 25,000 Interest

WHT Income application is approved. The interest is calculated on reducing balance basis. Interest in Excess Instalments

01/05/92

-

02/05/92

-

20% per annum

-

183 days.

Example 5 XYZ Limited, with 31st March, 1993 as the due date of payment of the self-assessment, has applied for the payment of the tax due amounting to N100,000 in ten equal monthly instalments.

a.) Since the company is entitled to six instalments in the current year of assessment, the first six payments terminating on 31st August, 1993 will not attract interest. However, interest will be charged on the balance of four months on reducing balance basis as follows:

N Tax 500,000.00 Penalty 25,000.00 Interest 50,000.00 Amount Payable 575,000.00 Deferred Payment: Interest & Penalty When a company arranges with the Service to defer the tax due, interest is chargeable but penalty may not be imposed if the

to

30th

=

6/12 of 40,000 x 20/100 4,000.00 1st Oct to 31st Oct. (1

=

1/12 of 30,000 x 20/100 500.00 1st Nov. to 30th Nov. (1

c.) month) d.) month)

N 0 0 0 0 333.33 166.67

Default in Payment Approved Instalments

of

When a company defaults in the payment of the instalments as approved, the concession stands cancelled. Interest starts to count from the date the default occurs. The calculation of the interest is also on the reducing balance basis. Interest on Arrears

Comment

b.) 1st April September (6 months) Total Payment

Payments Approved

When a taxpayer seeks to pay the tax due in a number of instalments greater than that approved for self assessment as specified above, interest is payable on the excess number of payments, also on reducing balance basis.

Due date of payment Day of Reckoning Interest rate 02/05/92 to 31/10/92

-

on of

(Tax + Interest) N N 30th Sept. 1 0 , 0 4,000.00 14,000.00 31st Oct. 1 0 , 0 500.00 10,500.00 30th Nov. 10,000 10,333.33 31st Dec. 10,000 10,166.67

1/12 of 20,000 x 20/100 333.33 e.) 1st Dec. to 31st Dec. (1 month) 1/12 of 10,000 x 20/100 = 166.67 Table of Payment =

Due Date T a Interest Amount Payable

x

As from 1st January 1991, arrears of tax are to carry interest at commercial rate. The interest is in addition to the annual penalty and both are to be charged annually. Lateness Application Payments

in Filling for Instalment

Where a company is late in applying for instalment payment arrangement, interest should be charged from the date of reckoning (a day after the due date of payment) to the date of commencement of the payments. The accruing interest should be added to the tax and spread over the number of instalments allowable under the circumstance. Petroleum Profits Tax (PPT) In view of the fact that transactions in the oil industry are in dollars and the operators are allowed to keep their proceeds of sale in accounts overseas, government has directed that the estimated tax of an accounting period under the provisions of Section 27 of the PPT Act, 1959 shall be made and submitted to the Service in

US dollars and when payments are being made, each monthly payment shall be in US dollars and shall be equal to one-twelfth of the estimated tax or of the fraction of the remaining months of the accounting year for which a revised estimated tax becomes necessary and is so estimated. The final PPT payable, that is, the thirteenth installment, shall be ascertained as provided for in Section 38 (4) of the same Act such that so much of the amount of instalments of estimated tax that had already been paid in US dollars shall be deducted from total PPT computed in US dollars based on the annual accounts. ` Litigation As explained above, instalment or deferred payments, as the case may be, will be approved for companies with convincing proof of serious financial problems. However where the arrangement fails to yield the desired result, legal action may be instituted against defaulters to enforce payment. Withholding Taxes (WHT) Payments made to companies and certain categories of individuals are to suffer deductions at source as follows: Rates Type of Payment Applicable WHT A p p l i c a b l e WHT Companies *a Individual *b (i) Dividend, Interest and Rent 5 5 (ii) Royalties 15 15 (iii) Commissions, Consultancy 10 2.5 2.5

Technical & Management 5 (iv) Construction 2.5 (v) Contract Supplies*

2.5

The Payment of withholding tax is now in the

on

Investment

(i) Non-Residents: WHT on dividends, interests, rents and royalties payable to non-resident remain the final tax. (ii) Residents: With effect from January 1992 the provisions in the Act regarding these payments as final tax have been amended. They are now to be regarded as payments on account. Remittance of WHT to Tax Authorities Failure of an agent of deduction to remit WHT within the statutory time-limit will attract: (iii) Interest at commercial rate on the amount not remitted by the agent, (iv) Prosecution of the agent for default, and (v) Denial of Tax Clearance Certificate to such an agent. Furthermore, where the agent is a government ministry, parastatal or department or a local government, the Service may authorize the Accountant-General of the Federation in writing to deduct such tax plus interest at the prevailing commercial rate from any allocation due to such agency. WHT as Tax Credit Withholding taxes are advance payments and they can only be applied as tax credit to settle the assessment of the year to which the income that suffered the deduction relates. Where the withholding tax credit exceeds the assessment for a given year, the excess may be carried forward as future set-off. Refund/Set-off Where it is proved that the person who suffered the deduction is not liable to tax or that tax withheld is in excess of the assessed tax, the Service will grant a refund or a carry-forward, as the case may be, after the claim has been confirmed by tax audit process.


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

Stock Watch

Report as at Thursday, May 8, 2014

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PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

Special Report

Strengthening Nigeria-Turkey relations via cultural exchanges N

igeria and Turkey e s t a b l i s h e d diplomatic relations in 1960 and the two countries were instrumental in the formation of D-8 (Developing Eight) Countries; a group of developing countries which formed an economic development alliance in 1997. Other countries in the alliance are Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia and Pakistan. At present, Nigeria is Turkey’s 5th largest trade partner in Africa and 2nd among the sub-Saharan African countries, according to some data posted on the website of Turkey’s Ministry of Economy. Nigeria and Turkey have signed some bilateral trade agreements, including the Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation in 1986 and the Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement in 2011. Besides, the TurkeyNigeria Chamber of Commerce was established in Lagos in 1999, while the Turkish-Nigerian Business Council was established in 2011. Unarguably, Nigeria and Turkey enjoy sound trade relations and the volume of the bilateral trade stood at over N206 billion as at 2013, according to statistics from the Nigerian Association of Chambers of Commerce, Industry, Mines and Agriculture. Nigeria’s main imports from Turkey include clothing, food items, engine and automobile parts, while Turkey imports sesame seeds, raw and semiprocessed leather as well as rubber, among others, from Nigeria. In Nigeria, Turkish investments are visible in the areas of construction, quarrying, textile, tourism, education, healthcare, hospitality, among others. The burgeoning economic relations between Nigeria and Turkey have elicited positive comments from officials and citizens

President Abdullah Gül of Tukey shaking hands with President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan during the later’s visit to turkey recently

of the two countries For instance, Mr Murat Akyuz, who led a recent trade delegation from Turkey to Nigeria, underscored the importance of Nigeria as an emerging market for Turkey, which was a manufacturing economy. ``Our special visit here reflects our commitment to Nigeria and our recognition of its importance as a key strategic market. ``We want to develop long-term business relations with Nigeria with our high quality products; we also want to make it easier for Nigerian cosmetic manufacturers and importers to do business with Turkey,’’ Akyuz said. However, observers maintain that apart from nurturing economic relations between Nigeria and Turkey, cultural exchanges and festivals also

strengthen efforts to boost bilateral relations between the two countries. For instance, the 4th Nigerian-Turkish Friendship and Cultural Festival, organised by UFUK Dialogue Foundation, a Nigeria-based Turkish organisation and the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and National Orientation, was recently held in Abuja. The fiesta showcased various aspects of Turkish and Nigerian cultures such as dresses, food, dance and arts, even as the participants savoured dishes prepared by people from other cultures. Cultural troupes from Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba ethnic groups in Nigeria and those from Turkey took turns to perform, while masquerades entertained spectators at the festival

held on the campus of Nigerian Turkish Nile University. Speaking at the event, Chief Edem Duke, the Minister of Tourism, Culture and National Orientation, said that the Federal Government was taking the festival seriously. The minister, who was represented by Mr George Ufot, Director of Culture in the ministry, said that the festival had fostered stronger bilateral ties between the two countries. He also commended Turkish entrepreneurs for their investments in Nigeria. ``I congratulate you on the 2014 celebration of the Nigeria Turkish Friendship Cultural Festival; I must confess that we in the ministry have fond memories of this festival. ``The festival has

consistently served as a major platform to present the warm and excellent relationship existing between our two countries. ``I must express my admiration for the ideals of Fethullah Gelen, the inspirational leader and thinker who has been behind the creation of these wonderful schools, hospital and numerous noble activities which the Turkish community in Nigeria has come to be positively identified with. ``All over the world, the indomitable icon has become the voice of peace, dialogue and a source of inspiration for many hearts and minds, as well as the wonderful Turkish people and their kindred all over the world. Duke lauded the Turkish strength of purpose, as well as the peaceful co-existence

of groups in Turkey, saying that Nigeria shared a lot with the country in terms of multiculturalism. He stressed that Nigeria ought to emulate Turkey in efforts to achieve a cohesive and peaceful society in spite of divergent religious

beliefs. ``We definitely have so much to share from the way you have effectively mobilised your citizenry to foster interfaith and intercultural dialogue through education, information exchange and respect for your environment and diversity. ``I seize this occasion to wholeheartedly commend UFUK Dialogue Foundation, the organisers of this event, for their principled stand in organising various events that have contributed in raising the value of humanity, and community service. ``I share and embrace their call on all of us to become marketers and advocates of dialogue; we must all become channels to communicate and understand others,’’ Duke said. Sharing similar sentiments, Prof. Huseyin Sert, the Vice-Chancellor of Nigerian Turkish Nile University, said that culture was the essence of life, adding that efforts should be made to celebrate cultures via festivals. He noted that Nigeria and Turkey had cultural similarities, with diverse ethnic nationalities coexisting. ``Culture is the whole essence of man’s existence; so, we need to remind ourselves constantly of our norms and values. ``Our cultures are some

of the things we need to pass to the younger generations to keep them alive. ``The Turkish are very strong traditionalists and we love our folk dance and music, we like to dance just like Nigerians; and both countries had very close relationship with each other in the past. ``We are now looking to the future for stronger cultural exchanges, educational and cultural cooperation,’’ Sert said. On his part, Mr Cemal Yigit, the event’s coordinator, said that the festival was not just to exhibit arts, food and culture, adding that it was particularly aimed at establishing bridges between Nigerian and Turkish nationals. Yigit, who is also the Managing Director of InciProduction, said that the festival had created an opportunity for citizens of Nigeria and Turkey to understand one another and work together for the progress of their countries. ``Understanding, dialogue, respect, culture of coexistence bring riches for all; we work for these values we believe that will impact positively on the world. ``Through this forum, we are trying to emphasise the need for dialogue in the

Foluso Oluwole Adeshida, Nigeria GCOs deputy ambassador to Ankara,

world; the need for love and living together in a society where everyone’s opinion matters. ``By so doing, we create a stable and peaceful society where everybody will live in harmony and share positive ideals,’’ he added. Mr Cosmos Onah, who was in charge of the Igbo culture booth at the festival, said that Igbo people recognised the need to be represented at the event because of their cultural similarities with Turkish people. He said that the Igbos were entrepreneurial just like the Turkish people; hence the recognition of Igbo businessmen by their Turkish counterparts. ``The Igbos travel a lot

We should also recognise the fact that not many countries are investing in Nigeria the way Turkey does. Look at the type of schools and hospitals the Turkish people have in Abuja and you will understand what I’m saying

Nigerian Turkish Nile University graduates

for business; a lot of us go to Turkey to do one business or the other and the Turkish people know it. ``Turkey is a manufacturing economy and most their products are of high quality; hence, the huge influx of businessmen into Turkey. ``We should also recognise the fact that not many countries are investing in Nigeria the way Turkey does. Look at the type of schools and hospitals the Turkish people have in Abuja and you will understand what I m saying,’’ he said. Onah said that a team of Igbo people would soon travel to Turkey, as part of the cultural exchange project involving the two cultures. Items such as foods,

yams, cassava, kolanut, bitter kola and assorted vegetables, among others, were display at the Igbo culture stand. Mr Yahaya Bala, who manned the Hausa culture stand, said that the bulk of the cultural similarities between the Hausa culture and the Turkish culture derived from religion. He noted that the majority of Turkish people were Muslims, just like the majority of Hausa people. He said that business deals between the two cultures were facilitated by the sound business relations existing between Nigeria and Turkey. Items displayed at the Hausa stand were handicraft items such as hand-woven material and local fabrics. The Yoruba talking drum echoed from all corners of the fiesta’s venue, as the crowd cheered and sand along in interpretation of the talking drum’s message transmitted by drummers of the Yoruba cultural troupe. The cultural fiesta notwithstanding, observers insist that structured efforts should also be made to organise trade exhibitions involving Nigeria and Turkey so as to boost the economic and cultural ties existing between the two countries. They, however, note that Turkish entrepreneurs have demonstrated uncommon zeal in exploiting the investment opportunities which abound in Nigeria. (NAN)


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PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

Islam

Islam and the sanctity of life Allah says:

“On that account we ordained for the children of Israel that if anyone slay a person -unless it be for murder or spreading mischief in the land- it would be as if he slew the whole people. And if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people” (al-Ma’idah:32).

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n the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. All Praise is due to Allah! We praise Him and we seek help from Him. We ask forgiveness from Him. We repent to Him; and we seek refuge in Him from our evils and bad deeds. Anyone who is guided by Allah is indeed guided; and anyone who has been left astray, will find no one to guide him. I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship but Allah, the Only One without any partner; and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and final messenger to mankind. May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon His last and final Apostle, his Household, his companions and all his followers till the end of time. Today the cheapest life is the life of human beings in many parts of the world. In civilized worlds of the West and America, even the life of jungle toad is sacred. Animals which are domesticated that meant for human consumptions are treated with pitifulness and compassion whenever they are slaughtered. Unfortunately, the sacredness and sanctity which Allah has put on the lives of humans has almost completely eroded and wind-swept. In almost all developing nations of Africa, South America and Asia human beings are experiencing the highest threats to their lives. In Arab countries before and after the spring, human lives are still in their darkest era; it is suicide bombings, stray bullets, life imprisonment or death squad! People and their government have not agreed to respect the sacredness of their lives. Islam on the hand has since time immemorial placed sanctity to human life as the bedrock of togetherness and justice. That is to say, as long as people want to live in peace, they must respect the sacredness of their God given trust; life. The Quran is filled up with legislations and decrees urging mankind to respect the lives of humankinds and eschew violence and terrorism. Allah says: “Say: “Come, I will rehearse what Allah hath (really) prohibited you from”: join not anything As equal with him; be good to your parents; kill not your Children on a plea of want;we provide sustenance for you and for them;- come not nigh to shameful deeds whether open or secret; take not life, which Allah hath made sacred, except by way of justice and law: Thus doth He command you, that ye may learn wisdom.”[al-An’am: 151] “Nor take life - which Allah has made sacred - except for

just cause. And if anyone is slain wrongfully, we have given His heir authority (to demand qisas or to forgive): so, let Him nor exceed bounds In the matter of taking life; for He is helped (by the Law).”[al-Isra’i: 33] The emphasis was due to the inviolability of life in the sight of Allah. In Islam, nobody has unchallenged authority or liberty to take the life of any human being without prior leave from the laws which has been sanctioned by Allah. It is a golden rule in the Islamic jurisprudence to make mistake in the non-execution of a culprit than the killing of an innocent life. In other words, it better not to kill a criminal by mistake, than kill an innocent person mistakenly. Thus, to say the truth, anybody who does not respect the holiness of the life of his fellow human-beings, or fight against the violation of its sacredness, should not call himself or herself a Muslim! Anybody who calls himself a Muslim, and at the same time kills and maims innocent people, is not worth living as well. Similarly, those who set out to smear the religion of Islam and Muslims by have lost their right rights to live peacefully. How can a people who mercilessly and indiscriminately kill innocent people including minors, women, the aged and the sick, the clergies and the Imams ever associate themselves to this lofty and merciful deen? How can such a people dare to claim working for Allah, Islam and Muslims? Whereas, jihad as an act of worship, has been promulgated by Allah with numerous conditions and procedures; saving of human lives and protecting their dignities form part. Thus, killing in the name of God is not without decrees and legislations. It is also not at the discretion of the killers! True Islamic jihadists are prolife in their campaign and approach as well their executions. Today, very unfortunate, you simply see, read or hear of bands of uneducated, uninformed and savage individuals with access to all types of assault rifles setting cities and villages ablaze and killing human-beings indiscriminately in the name of Allah, while Allah has

ISLAM EXPLAINED By Husain Zakariyya Yawale +234-8052952900 (sms only) islamexplained35@yahoo.com nothing to do with murders! However, the tragedy of this event has become part of a global phenomenon where we witness people failing to uphold the sanctity of human life. In fact, not only the Muslim Ummah witnesses the bloodshed of innocents on a routine basis, but, the entire world now shares such disgusting deaths particularly in mainly Muslim nations. The killings, maiming and abduction of people especially in the north eastern part of the country, has almost over shadowed the threats and menace of corruptions to the both the economy of the country. Today, the name of Nigeria has become a household name in every corner of the world. Not because of becoming world cup champion or laureate, but because disrespecting, desecration and defilement of human lives and dignities! And what is most painful, associating the barbarous and vicious actions with Allah and Islam! In such circumstances, when we are reflecting on these incidents, we ask ourselves: why do those who kill people today view life as so insignificant and worthless? All Muslims must believe that Allah is the Creator and the Owner of all life. He is the only One that starts human life from conception and thus, only He has the legitimacy of ending it through death. This is because the moment of death is not for anyone to fixe; it should be left only to our Creator, Allah! Nobody has the prerogative of ending one’s life even the law, except if was His revelation. He says in the laws of retribution and vengeance, thus: “We ordained therein for them: “Life for life, eye for eye, nose or nose, ear for ear, tooth

for tooth, and wounds equal for equal.” but if any one remits the retaliation by way of charity, it is an act of atonement for Himself and if any fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah hath revealed, They are (no better than) wrongdoers.”[al-Ma’idah: 45] In fact, nobody has the right or liberty to end his life for whatever reason. The issue of one killing himself or giving the nod to take his or her life does not exist in Islam. Since we accepted the fact that we did not create ourselves, therefore, we do not own our bodies. We are only assigned and trusted to take of them. Allah is the Owner and Giver of life and His rights in giving and in taking are His exclusivity. Any attempt to commit suicide is a crime in Islam as well as a grave sin, let alone taking someone’s life. Allah says: “O ye who believe! ... nor kill (or destroy) yourselves: for Verily Allah hath been to you Most Merciful!”[an-Nisa’: 29] Similarly, the Apostle of Allah gave stern warning to anyone contemplating to take his or her life for whatever reason or under any circumstances. He (SAW) said: *”*Whoever kills himself with an iron instrument will be carrying it forever in hell. Whoever takes poison and kills himself will forever keep sipping that poison in hell. Whoever jumps off a mountain and kills himself will forever keep falling down in the depths of hell.” The Shari’ah listed and specified the circumstances for taking the life of someone. It did not include euthanasia otherwise known as ‘mercy killing’, nor make allowance for it. Human life as it is a trust to be treasured unreservedly, notwithstanding of other situations. The notion that life is not worthy of living has no place in Islam, at all! It happened in one the battles

Today, very unfortunate, you simply see, read or hear of bands of uneducated, uninformed and savage individuals with access to all types of assault riffles setting cities and villages ablaze and killing humanbeings indiscriminately in name of Allah, while Allah has nothing to do with murders!

fought by the Prophet of Allah in which one of his companions was found dead. The companions seeing his mutilated body kept praising his chivalry and efficacy in fighting, but, to their astonishment, the Prophet (SAW) said to them, “His lot is hell.” And upon investigation and review on how he died, they found out that the he had been seriously injured and he would not survive. Therefore, he plunged his chest onto the tip of his sword and committed suicide. Even in a state of severe pain and agony on sick bed, one should not pray to Allah to just end his life. What Islam taught us is for the very ill person to pray to Allah to take his life if death is better for him than getting cure. Or get him cured and elongate his life if living is better for him than death! In whatever situation, ask for the mercy of Allah! In fact, any justification of taking someone’s life to escape suffering is not acceptable in Islam. Thus, we Muslims strongly oppose any extent to withdraw food and water from any patient in order to hasten his death, be he conscious or not, child or adult, disabled, sick with terminal illness or weak and old. It is also forbidden to stop any life-saving treatment in order to hasten one’s death. Similarly, any injection, tablets or analgesic which could hasten the death of someone is at no time to be used to hasten his death! According to the Qu’ran, if one kills an innocent person, it is like he has killed the whole of humanity. By the same token, if one saved a life, it would be like he has saved the whole of humanity. Perhaps the greatest misinterpretation about Islam today is that it is an inherently vicious religion whose followers condone all acts of terrorism. In genuineness, terrorism and indiscriminate violence completely oppose the teachings of Islam. Islam is a religion of mercy and ethics. It encourages people to beautify their relationship with God and with those around them through good character and deeds. In fact, terrorism inherently conflicts with Islam’s foundational beliefs and teachings in their entirety! Allah says: “If a man kills a believer intentionally, His recompense is Hell, to abide therein (for ever): and the wrath and the curse of Allah are upon him, and a dreadful penalty is prepared for Him.”[an-Nisa’: 93] Finally, all Muslims who are followers of Muhammad, peace be upon him, are averse to the barbaric and brutal killings of innocent people or their abduction for any reason. Any people or group of people who indulge in such senseless rampages are doing so in their volition, and are therefore not representatives of the 1.5 billion good Muslims the world over. We denounce the killing and abductions!


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

PAGE 27

International

Thailand’s revolving door elites

Thai caretaker Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra smiles as she arrives for a court case at the Constitutional Court in Bangkok

ANALYSIS

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hailand was plunged into further political chaos on May 7 after its Supreme Court ruled that Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra had abused her power and so had to step down. Commerce Minister Niwatthamrong Boonsongphaisan will replace Yingluck. The caretaker government, populated by her allies, says it will press ahead with plans for an election on July 20. Yingluck’s supporters are calling the Constitutional Court intervention a judicial coup. Nine judges unanimously concluded Yingluck manipulated her position as prime minister when she replaced former security chief, Thawil Pliensri, an opposition favourite, with her brother-in-law. In the eyes of her adversaries, the move smacked of nepotism of the highest order. Elites in Thailand have historically fought protracted, sometimes violent, battles for control of the state as part of a revolving door power swap. Albeit female, Yingluck is part of this mix of business leaders, bureaucrats and military commanders that have ruled Thailand since a socalled democratic revolution in 1932. Underlying the titanic clash between the Pheu Thai Party and its opponents - led by Suthep Thaugsuban - is the question of political legitimacy and moral authority. Who has the right to run Thailand? Kings were forced to relinquish their divine right to rule in 1932. The monarchy remains a central pillar to Thai culture and politics. The majority of Thais revere King Bhumibol Adulyadej. Thailand has had 17 charters or constitutions and 28 prime ministers since that time. Many

were army men who reigned for less than 365 days. Nine prime ministers have rotated into power since 2006. More stable democracies like the United States, South Korea and England can claim three leaders in charge at most. Yingluck herself is a scion of a business dynasty. Her brother is telecoms tycoon turned political populist Thaksin Shinawatra. After five years as prime minister, a military coup ousted Thaksin in 2006 on the grounds of corruption, conflict of interest and authoritarianism. A messy showdown This time, two sets of Thai elites are locked into a messy showdown. In one camp resides Bangkok’s wealthier classes and southern supporters. They are establishment and royalist. In another, more crowded camp, are followers of the Pheu Thai party led by Yingluck. For now, the Bangkok-based elite has clinched victory. But even recent history shows no Thai prime minister can rest on his, or her, laurels. Thaksin’s departure both capped a period of political volatility in Thailand and marked the start of another. After the generals seized control, came food lover Samak

Sundaravej, whose appetite for hosting cooking shows while in office landed him in hot water with the Constitutional Court. Somchai Wongsawat, Thaksin’s brother-inlaw was nominated prime minister, but then fled with his government to Don Muang airport after antigovernment protesters besieged the parliament building. Barely three months in office himself, Somchai’s successor lasted just 15 days. Enter Abhisit Vejjajiva, bringing with him great hopes for steering Thailand onto a stable path. British born and educated at Eton and Oxford, Abhisit was immensely palatable to the West. But his slick persona was badly tarnished after he presided as prime minister over a crackdown on anti-government protesters that killed around 90 people in Bangkok in 2010. Under Yingluck’s reign, Abhisit was formally charged with murder in December 2013. As leader of the Democrat Party, Abhisit is regaining traction as a force in Thai politics. Despite the indictment for murder, he’s leveraging the political vacuum to rebrand himself as a mediator, devising a plan for reform his enemies say is wildly thin on substance. Given the current turbulence, outsiders could be forgiven for thinking of Thailand as a political

basket case. Six months of street protests, and a polarising schism resulting in governing gridlock are chipping away at the economy. The International Monetary Fund recently halved its forecast of GDP growth in the country from 5.2 percent to 2.5 percent. The country is in danger of morphing from Southeast Asia’s second largest economy into an economic laggard. The current fragility is spooking investors and tourists. Foreign and domestic investors have temporarily - and possibly permanently - shelved plans for major infrastructure projects. The relative calm before the departure of Yingluck and nine of her ministers was lifting the spirits of travel operators keen to navigate the industry back on course after months of turmoil. Now a deep gloom will descend over the sector, which accounts for around 6 percent of Thailand’s GDP. Also of concern is the erosion of Thailand’s political authority in the region. The nation’s economic clout also gave it political legitimacy. It has been a stalwart member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean). During Myanmar’s isolation, Thailand adeptly managed a relationship

For now, the Bangkok-based elite has clinched victory. But even recent history shows no Thai prime minister can rest on his, or her, laurels.

between the military regime, Asean and the rest of the world. New challenges confronting the bloc include territorial disputes with China and Myanmar’s shaky transition to democracy. As Asean gears up to economic integration in 2015, it can’t afford another fragile state weakening its flanks. Democracy a victim The quagmire is resulting in two main losers: democracy and the Thai people. Dissident writer Giles Ungpakorn wrote that Yingluck’s dismissal is, “merely the latest in a long line of military or jjudicial coups since September 2006 that have sought to reduce the democratic space and disenfranchise the majority of the population”. In a televised news conference on May 7, Yingluck said, “From now on, no matter what situation I am in, I will walk on the path of democracy. I am sad that I will not be able to serve you after this.” Yingluck’s enemies label her as a proxy for her controversial brother, who now resides in selfimposed exile in Dubai. Proxy or not, Yingluck’s Pheu Thai party was elected by a landslide victory in 2011. Her brother’s popularity was reflected in electoral victories and his novel cultivation of a public personality. This strategy only played on the insecurities of Bangkok’s establishment, wedging the social groups further apart, according to leading academics, Pasuk Phongpaichit and Chris Baker. For all their riches, the Shinawatras were elected by popular vote. Analysts predict the next election will propel Pheu Thai back in power. Underlying the titanic clash between the Pheu Thai Party and its opponents - led by Suthep Thaugsuban - is the question of political legitimacy and moral authority. Who has the right to run Thailand? Kings were forced to relinquish their divine right to rule in 1932. The monarchy remains a central pillar to Thai culture and politics. The majority of Thais revere King Bhumibol Adulyadej. At 86, Bhumibol is the world’s longest reigning monarch and Thais seek solace in him as a steadying force in turbulent times. Still, the wavering in Thailand among strategic vested groups is crippling the country. The ordinary mass of Thais has been merely caught up between these opposing factions. All said and done, most people just want to go back to work, school and get on with their lives. The lesson here is that parliamentary democracy and the processes that form its spine have failed in Thailand. That could have potentially explosive results, particularly if the Red Shirts feel locked out of a political system, which they perceive as serving the objectives of their foes. While the next rocky chapter in the battle for Thailand’s soul might be under way, it’s time that this recurrent cycle of political chess boarding ends. It’s not where Thailand, its people, or its soul, should be heading. Courtesy; Aljazeera


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

PAGE 28

International

Pistorius trial discusses Steenkamp last meal Global cost T of Somali piracy ‘halved’ in 2013

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he cost of Somali piracy to the global economy fell by almost half last year as attacks slumped, but piracy in West Africa is increasing and more than 50 hostages remain in captivity. An annual maritime security report, published on Wednesday by the group Oceans Beyond Piracy, put the total cost of Somali piracy, the largest single threat to international shipping in recent years, at only $3.2bn in 2013. “The efforts of the international community and the shipping industry have considerably reduced the threat of Somali piracy,” said Jens Madsen, one of the report’s authors, according to Reuters news agency. “But we have yet to achieve the goal of ... zero vessels captured and zero hostages held.” There were still at least 50 hostages in Somali captivity in desperate conditions, held on average for around three years each, the report said. Somali pirates were increasingly attacking local fishermen and smaller crafts, often hoping to use their vessels to attack larger ships. In West Africa, tackling the attacks was complicated by the lack of regional cooperation and information sharing, the report said. “Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea is fundamentally different [from] events taking place in the Indian Ocean,” said Madsen. “We observe... a high degree of violence in this region,” he said. “The constantly evolving tactics of West African piracy make it extremely difficult to isolate it from other elements of organised crime.” At the height of Somali pirate attacks in 2011, up to a dozen or more merchant ships were being held captive at any one time, often for multimillion dollar ransoms. Since then, growing use of private security details and the presence of international warships have largely foiled attacks. No large vessels were seized in 2013.

he 28th day of Oscar Pistorius’s trial is hearing evidence on when Reeva Steenkamp may have eaten her last meal. Witness Christina Lundgren, an anaesthetist, described when a stomach is likely to be emptied after eating. She said the prosecution’s argument that Ms Steenkamp’s stomach would have been empty if she ate when Mr Pistorius said she did was “pure speculation”. Mr Pistorius denies intentionally killing Ms Steenkamp on 14 February last year. The South African Paralympic sprinter says he accidentally shot her through a toilet door in a state of panic, mistaking her for an intruder. Mr Pistorius had said the couple had dinner at about 1900 the evening Ms Steenkamp was killed. He said the couple went to sleep between 2100 and 2200. The prosecution has argued that this cannot be true as Ms Steenkamp had food in her stomach at the time of her death. This indicates that Ms Steenkamp ate later than Mr Pistorius said, and that this meant the couple could have been awake, and arguing, before the shooting, the prosecution says.

Ms Steenkamp was shot in the early hours of 14 February. Speaking on Thursday, Prof Lundgren, who was shown copies of the post mortem report, said there were many factors that could have delayed gastric emptying in Ms Steenkamp’s stomach, including sleep, exercise, medication, and her age. “In an ideal world, after six hours of fasting after [the] meal her stomach should probably have been empty.

But there are so many unknowns about possible factors that might have delayed gastric emptying,” she said. “One cannot state it as being fact” that Ms Steenkamp’s stomach would have been empty six hours after eating, Prof Lundgren said. “I would say it is purely speculative.” ‘Normal circumstances’ In his cross-examination, prosecutor Gerrie Nel indicated that Prof Lungdren’s list of factors that could

delay gastric emptying may not apply to Ms Steenkamp. He added that in normal circumstances one would expect the stomach to be empty eight hours after eating food. If found guilty, Mr Pistorius - a national sporting hero and double amputee dubbed the “blade runner” because of the prosthetic limbs he wears to race - could face life imprisonment.

The couple had been dating for just a few months when she was shot dead in 2013

Egypt and Israel to reach another gas deal

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he owners of an Israeli gas field have reached an agreement to export trillions of cubic feet of natural gas through Egypt, a lucrative but politically sensitive deal which the Egyptian cabinet quickly denied would ever happen. Noble Energy, the largest owner of the Tamar field, signed a non-binding letter of intent with Union Fenosa on May 5, to ship up

to 2.5 trillion cubic feet of gas over 15 years, one-quarter of the field’s estimated capacity. Egypt would then liquefy the gas, preparing it for export. The deal could be worth as much as $1.3bn per year. Both companies told Al Jazeera they hope a contract could be finalised within six months.The Egyptian cabinet, however, seemed to put the brakes on the deal on May 7, saying

in a statement that it had not authorised any imports. “Any company, local or foreign, cannot contract to import gas from a country except after the approval of the Egyptian government,” the statement said. An official at Union Fenosa acknowledged that the deal is still in its earliest stages, and that it has not received “[the] required approvals from the authorities in Israel and

Egypt”. If the deal goes through, gas would be pumped to a liquefaction plant in Damietta, on Egypt’s Mediterranean coast, which is 80 percent owned by Union Fenosa. The plant has been offline since December 2012 as Egypt, struggling to meet a growing demand for energy, is keeping a growing share of its gas production for domestic use.

South Africa election: ANC ahead as votes counted

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outh Africa’s governing African National Congress (ANC) has taken an early lead in the general election, partial results show. With about half the results in, the

ANC had 62% of the vote followed by the Democratic Alliance at 24%. The ANC is widely expected to return to power although analysts say anything less than 60% of the

Final results are not expected before Saturday to allow time to address any objections

vote for the party will be seen as a major upset. The Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) party was in third place with 5%. The electoral commission said voting passed off peacefully in most areas, with turnout at just over 72%. Helen Zille’s Democratic Alliance is hoping to attract a greater share of South Africa’s black vote The elections are the first since the death in December of Nelson Mandela - the country’s first black president - and mark 20 years since the end of white-minority rule. Dissatisfaction with the government has been growing over high levels of unemployment, a lack of basic services and allegations of widespread corruption. The two opposition parties are

doing well so far, says the BBC’s Pumza Fihlani. The newly formed EFF, led by the left-wing firebrand Julius Malema, has surprised many by securing 14 parliamentary seats, she says. The DA has increased its share of the vote from 17% in the last election to 24%, partial results show. Early on Thursday, DA leader Helen Zille told AFP news agency that she expected her party’s final vote to be around the 23% margin. “We’ll see how it goes. Of course, we hope it will be more. We did as much as we could,” she is quoted as saying. The DA has been trying to make inroads into the black electorate - its support is mainly concentrated in the Western Cape which has a large white and mixed-race population.


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

PAGE 29

International

Lebanon deports Palestinians back to Syria

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ebanon’s General Security d h forcibly f ibl department has deported 41 Palestinian refugees back to Syria, despite the fact that they had entered the country legally. The move on May 4 ran counter to an earlier decision by the Lebanese government to not deport any refugee back to Syria under any circumstances. Lebanese authorities pointed out that the arrests and the following deportation was due to the fact that the detainees held forged visas to Libya. After long hours of interrogation at Beirut International Airport, a decision was made to deport the group. Human rights activists argue that the move was not an isolated incident, but rather is part of a larger campaign by the Lebanese government targeting Palestinian refugees fleeing the Syrian conflict, who now number 50,000 in Lebanon. “This has been an ongoing campaign against Palestinians from Syria fleeing to Lebanon,” Metwali Abu Nasser, a journalist and scriptwriter who fled Yarmouk camp last year, told Al Jazeera. Abu Nasser explained that

Thousands of Palestinian refugees fled to Lebanon following the March 2011 uprising in Syria

the deportation of Palestinian refugees “should be seen in light of the harsh practises the Lebanese government deploys against Palestinians, whether it is those who are residents of Lebanon or those fleeing from Syria”. Repeated attempts by Al Jazeera to contact the Lebanese

government for a statement were unanswered. In a report issued by Human Rights Watch on Tuesday, Joe Stork, deputy director of HRW’s Middle East and North Africa division, wrote that “the Lebanese government is bearing an incomparable burden with the

Syrian refugees crossing its borders, but blocking Palestinians from Syria is mishandling the situation”. “Palestinians are among the most vulnerable people in the Syria conflict, and like Syrian nationals are at risk of both generalised violence and targeted attacks,” Stork’s statement read.

India’s BJP protests against electoral body

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eaders and supporters of India’s opposition Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) have

protested in northern Indian city of Varanasi after the election commission denied permission to

Thursday’s blasts in a train in Chennai occurred despite heightened security for elections [AFP]

its prime ministerial candidate to hold a rally in the area, according to local reports. Thursday’s protests were led by senior leaders such as Arun Jaitley and Amit Shah who reportedly sought removal of the electoral officer Pranjal Yadav for not allowing the rally where Narendra Modi was slated to speak, according to the Englishlanguage NDTV news channel. The Election Commission maintained that it could not “overlook” security concerns, but the BJP leader Jaitley said, “Can’t say whether the EC is biased or timid or both”. The opposition party cancelled the rally and all other programmes

scheduled for Thursday as the Commission granted the permission late on Wednesday. However, Modi - the prime ministerial candidate of the BJP - is expected to hold a road show in the city outskirts. Varanasi is projected to witness a bitter contest where stalwart such Modi and Aam Aadmi Party’s (AAP) Arvind Kejriwal will be face to face on May 12 poll. “BJP has realised that all their calculations have gone wrong and they are losing in Varanasi,that is why all this protest,” a top AAP leader Manish Sisodia said in his reaction. The nationwide results will be announced on May 16.

Asia & Middle East Saudi blogger gets 10 years and 1,000 lashes

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court in Saudi Arabia has sentenced a blogger and activist to 10 years imprisonment and 1,000 lashes for setting up a “liberal” network and insulting Islam. The sentence for Raef Badawi was handed down on Wednesday in a Jeddah court. Badawi was arrested last June and sentenced to seven years in jail and 600 lashes. But an appeals court overturned the ruling and ordered a retrial. In addition to a harsher sentence, the court on Wednesday also ordered Badawi to pay a $266,000 fine. The network that he co-founded with another activist, Suad alShammari, had declared May 7 2012 a “day of liberalism” and called for an end to the dominance of religion over public life in the kingdom. Shamari said the network’s website had “criticised some clerics, the Commission for the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice (religious police), in addition to religious fatwas (edicts) considered harmful to Islam. “Clerics have filed a lawsuit against him. The government tries to appease them, at our expense sometimes,” AFP news agency reported her as saying. Shamari said the network was only active online, adding: “Our activities remain virtual.” Amnesty International called Wednesday’s ruling “outrageous”. Phillip Luther, director of Amnesty’s Middle East and North Africa Programme, said: “He [Badawi] is a prisoner of conscience who is guilty of nothing more than daring to create a public forum for discussion and peacefully exercising the right to freedom of expression. “Raif Badawi is the latest victim to fall prey to the ruthless campaign to silence peaceful activists in Saudi Arabia. “The authorities seem determined to crush all forms of dissent through every means at their disposal, including imposing harsh prison sentences and corporal punishment on activists.”

Syria conflict: Huge blast ‘destroys Aleppo hotel’

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large explosion in the northern Syrian city of Aleppo has destroyed a hotel and several other buildings, state media and activists report. Rebel fighters are believed to have detonated a bomb placed in a tunnel beneath the Carlton Citadel Hotel, near the city’s medieval citadel and souk. Opposition activists said that government troops were based there and that a number had been killed. Both sides have been trying to end a long-standing stalemate in the city. In recent weeks, rebels have been

trying to advance on areas where government forces are entrenched, while rebel-held areas of Aleppo have come under fierce aerial bombardment since mid-December. The state news agency, Sana, reported that “terrorists” had blown up tunnels they had dug underneath archaeological sites in the Old City. Preliminary reports said the hotel had suffered “huge damage”, it added, without saying if there had been any casualties. The Carlton Citadel is situated inside a 150-year-old building that

faces the entrance of the 13th-Century citadel, which along with the rest of the Old City is a Unesco World Heritage Site. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a UK-based activist group, and the opposition Shaam News Network (SNN) said it was being used by government forces. The remote detonation of a large quantity of explosives placed in the tunnel by the Islamic Front had destroyed the hotel and caused the collapse of several nearby buildings, the Observatory said.

Photographs and video published online purported to show the moment of the blast, with a cloud of smoke rising from the scene.


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PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

International

US schools pull essay questioning Holocaust T

h school he h l board b d off a southern California district has admitted as “wholly inappropriate” asking pupils to write an essay on whether they

b li d the th Nazi N i Holocaust H l t really ll believed happened. The local newspaper, the San Bernardino Sun, reported that 2,000 13 and 14-year-old pupils in the

di t i t were asked: k d to t write it an district “argumentative essay”, based on cited evidence, on whether they believed the Holocaust was “an actual event in history, or merely a political scheme

created t d to t infl i fluence public bli emotion ti and gain wealth”. The essay plan was developed by teachers drawing on work presented in a course on the diary of Anne Frank, who died in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. During a public meeting on Wednesday, Joanne Gilbert, the school board’s president, said it took “full responsibility” for the assignment, which she described was wholly inappropriate. The district had already withdrawn the assignment and called it an error, but went further after a public comment session where Jewish groups, tolerance organisations and community leaders denounced the assignment. Gilbert said eighth graders will undergo sensitivity training at the Museum of Tolerance in Los Angeles, and several other policy changes would be implemented. Suzanne Singer, a rabbi at the Temple Beth El in Riverside, said: “I don’t understand why a fact of history would be a matter for debate.”

Putin urges delay on Ukraine referendums

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ussian President Vladimir Putin has asked pro-Kremlin separatists in southeastern Ukraine to postpone a series of disputed referendums planned for this weekend on declaring greater autonomy or outright independence from Kiev. The move was announced after a Kremlin meeting with the current Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe chief, Didier Burkhalter, on Wednesday. “We ask the representatives of the southeast to postpone the referendums planned for May 11

in order to create the conditions necessary for dialogue,” Putin said after the meeting. Pro-Russian activists said they would discuss Putin’s call for postponement at a meeting of their assembly on Thursday. “Tomorrow we will discuss that at the people’s assembly,” Denis Pushilin, a leader of the self-declared Donetsk People’s Republic, told Reuters. “We have the utmost respect for President Putin. If he considers that necessary, we will of course discuss it.” Pro-Russian activists who have seized government buildings in

eastern regions, such as Donetsk and Luhansk, had announced plans to stage polls on secession from Kiev following the protest-led ouster in February of a Kremlin-backed regime. The votes have been denounced as illegal by both Kiev and its allies in Washington and the European Union. Ethnic Russians who make up a large part of the population in the southeastern half of the ex-Soviet nation of 46 million had expressed fears about losing their language and other rights under a new pro-Western government. Ukraine plans separately to stage snap presidential elections

on May 25 that Russia had denounced as “absurd” because of the ongoing military standoff between separatists and Kiev forces. But Putin appeared to soften his approach to the national election by calling it a tentative step in the right direction. “I would like to stress that the presidential elections planned in Kiev, while they are a move in the right direction, will not decide anything if all the citizens of Ukraine fail to understand how their rights are protected after the elections are held,” Putin said.

Beverly Hills declares war on Brunei

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everly Hills city council has condemned the government of Brunei for introducing new laws that impose harsh penalties, including death by stoning for homosexuality and adultery, and called on it to either change its laws or sell two of its most famous hotels. The council unanimously passed on Tuesday a resolution criticising Brunei, which has drawn fire for a controversial penal code announced last month. Brunei owns the Beverly Hills Hotel and the Hotel Bel-Air, two properties in its Dorchester Collection. The resolution will be delivered to the US State Department, asking that the government take “appropriate action” to condemn Brunei’s policies.

On Wednesday, Mayor Lili Bosse said: “I brought this resolution forward because of my own and the Beverly Hills community’s fierce reaction to the horrific laws and punishments in Brunei. These laws are shocking, inhumane and must be met with a strong statement of support for human rights of the people of Brunei.” Earlier in the week celebrities, including talkshow hosts Ellen Degeneres and Jay Leno, called for the hotels to be boycotted. Organisations such as The Hollywood Reporter and Teen Line have also changed venues for their upcoming events, according to the Los Angeles Times. Bosse said: “It is extremely important that we separate out the hotel from the ownership. I am not

calling for a City-sanctioned boycott. I feel that each individual and group should make their own decision and

I personally will not be attending attendi any events at the hotel until this issue is resolved.”

Celebrities and activists have protested against the penal code, saying they will boycott hotels

Europe and Americas US closes Yemen embassy amid security fears The US has closed its embassy in Yemen to the public, following a string of attacks against foreigners in the country. Police were deployed along all roads leading to the embassy in Sanaa on Thursday and conducted thorough inspections of vehicles in the area. Security and stability will return gradually to the district, which has been purged, while the chase continues to hunt down the evil elements...in all directions. Jan Psaki, a spokeswoman for the US state department, said the embassy would be temporarily closed to the public “due to recent attacks against Western interests in Yemen”. These attacks “and information we have received have given us enough concern to take this precautionary step”, Psaki said, in a statement. A French citizen was killed and another was wounded on Monday when gunmen opened fire on their car in the capital’s diplomatic district. The country’s defence ministry said the closure of the US embassy was prompted by fears that al-Qaeda fighters might retaliate against the military’s crackdown on their organisation. Yemeni security forces on Wednesday shot dead the head of a “terror cell” behind Monday’s attack, the country’s supreme security committee said. Later that day, the interior ministry said it was searching for suspects whose vehicles were involved in recent attacks in Sanaa. Troops have killed and captured dozens of suspected fighters in the past week, according to Yemen’s defence ministry. They also seized CDs and documents that showed al-Qaeda plots to carry out attacks in several of the country’s provinces, according to the ministry. Security officials, who spoke to the AP news agency on condition of anonymity, said some fighters fled into nearby mountains and troops were sporadically clashing with them. “Security and stability will return gradually to the district, which has been purged, while the chase continues to hunt down the evil elements ... in all directions,” the defence ministry said. Yemen has intensified its battle against al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula [AQAP] over the past two years. The US has backed those efforts by waging a heavy drone strike campaign against the group.


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

PAGE 31

Strange World Awesome dad builds 50-meterlong rollercoaster in his backyard “How cool would it be for my kids to say when they’re my age, ‘I built a rollercoaster with my dad in the backyard,’” said Will. “I knew this was something they would always remember. I couldn’t think of a single good reason to say no.” So Will and Lyle were off to the lumber yard to buy all the supplies they needed. Then they broke ground in the backyard of their family home. Will started the project along with his two children in the fall of 2013. During construction,

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’ve seen a lot of parents flatly refusing to indulge their kids’ outlandish ideas. That’s why I find 50-yearold Will Pemble’s spirit and child-like enthusiasm quite extraordinary. The father-of-two actually gave in to his son’s bizarre request – to build a rollercoaster

in their own back yard. It really makes Will a strong candidate for the title of best dad in the world, don’t you think? Will is an e-commerce professional, living in San Francisco with his wife and two children (Lyle, 10 and Ellie, 12). He said that he took on the

rollercoaster project because he wanted to show his kids that anything is possible if you’re willing to put in the effort. And he’s also a bit of a physics enthusiast, so he thought the project would be a great time to teach his children a fair bit of science.

UMAR SULEIMAN COLLEGE OF EDUCATION GASHUA P. M. B. 02, GASHUA, YOBE STATE. (OFFICE OF THE PROVOST) INVITATION FOR PRE-QUALIFICATION AND TENDER FOR THE YEAR 2013 TETFUND SPECIAL INTERVENTION PROJECTS Umar Suleiman College of Education, Gashua intends to undertake the procurement of various projects for the year 2013 TETFUND Special Intervention Projects and hereby invites competent and interested contractors and suppliers to tender for the under listed projects:A.

CONSTRUCTION WORKS i. Construction of School of Managements Services

B. i.

PROCUREMENTS Supply of 108 Nos. HP Envy touch smart 15 laptop, 500/4GBB, Win 8.1, 15.6”screen, Core i5 ii Supply and installation of fine arts equipments and weather station iii Procurement of HP Computers 5Nos. Hp Laptops, 500/4GBB 5Nos. Hp Desktop, 500/2GBB 5Nos. 650VA UPS/1KVA Stabilizers 5NOS. HP Printer Laserjet P1002 Supply and installations of 40Nos. Solar Powered Street Light and accessories Procurement of 2Nos. 30-seater Toyota Coaster Civilian Bus, 4.5ltrs (Petrol MT 2013)

iv. v. C. i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix.

PRE-QUALIFICATION/TENDER REQUIREMENTS Interested contractors should include the following:Evidence of up to date company registration with corporate affairs commission Company audited accounts for three (3) years Technical competence (list of plant/equipment) of the firm including profile of technical and administrative staff. Verifiable list of similar projects executed in the recent past with evidence and completion certificate. Evidence of tax clearance certificate for the last three (3)years/VAT registration certificate. Original documents should be available for scrutiny on demand Evidence of financial capability to handle the work. Evidence of compliance with PENCOM Evidence of payment of industrial training funds dues etc.

D. SUBMISSION OF APPLICATION Application for pre-qualification of contractors should be returned in sealed envelope not later that three (3) weeks from the date of this advertisement, and not later than 12:00 noon thereof, while tenders will be opened one week after in the college chamber All applications to be address to: The Secretary Tender Board, Umar Suleiman College of Education, P. M. B. 02, Gashua, Yobe State. E. The invitation for pre-qualification for contract is not an invitation to tender and only contractors that have been pre-qualified will be invited to tender.

Signed Management

he let the kids use power tools to dig many holes in the ground. After about 300 hours and nearly $3,500 spent, they managed to create 180-foot worth of track made from parallel PVC pipe laid on a wooden flame. That’s interesting because the family’s backyard is quite small (only a quarter of an acre), and they managed to snake in a whole rollercoaster with two big hills. “Today, our backyard rollercoaster is an unending source of excitement, challenge,

Can you believe these paintings and not actual photographs?

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e’ve seen lots of artists creating portraits that look like photographs, but very few have come as close to the real thing as Sheryl Luxenberg. Her work is fittingly called ‘hyperrealism’ – her paintings are just too real to be true. You probably need to stare at them for hours to spot one feature that doesn’t look utterly lifelike. Sheryl is an awardwinning visual artist living in Ottawa, Ontario. On her websites, she says that she tries to present the objectivity of her subjects, taking advantage of illusionistic depth and emphasizing with paint a flattened three dimensional look. I’m an art-dummy, so I really have no idea

what that means. But it’s apparently the hallmark quality of the Photorealism Art Movement that began in the United States in the late 1960s. “I became fascinated with these techniques 35 years ago when studying under the famous American painter, Tom Blackwell,” Sheryl writes. For many years, she stayed true to water based pigments, until one day when she developed a special technique of mixing acrylic and water-color paint with granulating medium to promote a distinctive grainy effect. She’s quite the perfectionist in her work, striving for tight details and precision, especially on architectural elements. She uses an airbrush when suggesting motion and

For more incredibly realistic paintings, check out Sheryl Luxemburg’s official website.

for fading images into the background. The paints she mixes may be different, but Sheryl’s drafting and painting methods are quite classical in nature. “ My drafting and painting methods are grounded in classical formulae,” she says. “I work in dry brush style using a pointillist technique of lying different colored dabs of paint side by side and by glazing with thin translucent layers of single color one on top of the other.” Now that you know a little bit about her, try staring at some of her works and try to identify what sets them apart from actual photographs. I couldn’t find anything.


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PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

Weekend Revue

WITH TOBIAS LENGNAN DAPAM lovelengz@yahoo.com 07036990957

Michael Jackson was set to star in Pied Piper film K

ing of Pop Michael Jackson was in talks to star in a film based on the premise of the Pied Piper, before his death. Philanthropist Candy Spelling in her new memoir revealed that her late husband, producing legend Aaron Spelling, once worked with George Lucas on a planned project, which would star Jackson, who died at the age of 50 in 2009, reported New York Post online. “It was an idea based on the premise of the Pied Piper,” Candy wrote in the book. “Marvin Davis, who owned 20th Century Fox Studios, and George Lucas were also involved,” she added. But the idea never got off the ground.

Kangana Ranaut’s‘ Queen’ to be re-made in Chinese

Michael Jackson

Daniella now born again

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aniella Okekewho has been using her curvy body to cause commotions on social media lately, has now changed looks on the same network. The voluptuous actress, from Imo State, studied Fine and Applied Arts at the Delta State University (DELSU), and has starred in some movies, including Desmond Elliot-directed flick, ‘Lagos Cougars’. Recently, the silver screen star shared new pictures of herself looking breathtaking, as she was seen looking different from her usual self.

Kangana Renaut

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fter the tremendous response to Queen in India both critically and at the box office came the news that the film’s makers have given the

go-ahead for the film to be remade in other languages. It’s understandable that the film is going to be remade in Telugu and Tamil. What took even the producers’ by surprise was when a potential producer wanted to redo the KanganaRanaut starrer in Chinese. A few makers showed interest in acquiring the remake rights of the film after it was screened at the Busan international Film Festival. After month-long negotiations, the Indian producers have agreed to sell the remake rights for Tamil, Telugu and Chinese. It has been learnt that director VikasBahl will be creatively involved with the Tamil, Telugu and Chinese version of the film.

My problem is from home and spiritual too – Majek Fashek

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opular Nigerian reggae singer and guitarist, MajekodunmiFasheke aka Majek Fashek, who was very popular with hits like ‘Send Down the Rain’ and a cover of Bob Marley’s ‘Redemption Song’ has left the music scene for some years now and the only gist we heard about him was that of how he is addicted to drug, and how it has affected his music career. The music artiste was a guest on ‘Rubbin Minds’ and he addressed few issues. When asked if the stories of his drug addiction were true and responsible for his career’s downfall, the ‘Rainmaker’ said, “I never did drugs. My life was just affected by home trouble” he said. He also said his problem is spiritual. According to him on the show, he is currently working on an album which would be released sometime in June.

Daniella Okekewho

Majek Fashek


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

PAGE 33

Weekend Revue

Kim Kardashian, Kanye West wedding reports false

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eports of socialite, Kim Kardashian’s wedding with singer and fiancé Kanye West are false, a knowledgeable source said. According to rumours, the duo got married in a secret ceremony, but a source rubbished them saying that Kim remains a bride-to-be, while the Kardashians have not commented on the rumours yet, reports people.com. After cementing their status in the fashion world by snagging a cover of the popular Vogue magazine, the 36-year-old and Kim flew into New York City for the annual Met Ball. The jet-setting mother to 11-month-old North with West recently returned from Paris, where she toured fashion houses like Balmain and Lanvin and fuelled speculation about her couture wedding gown. The couple is expected to marry at France’s opulent Chateau Louis XIV May 24.

Wizkid’s ex-girl, to give fans N300,000

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stranged lover of Wizkid, Tania Omotayo, seems to have turned a ‘Mother Christmas’ as she has decided to splash the sum of N300,000 on her fans, Nigeriafilms.com has said. “Hi guys, I want to give out 300,000 Naira. Two people will get 150,000 Naira. I am excited,” the pretty lade said. Tania and Wizkid enjoyed the best of time together. Both attended gigs together and were always giving out their intimate pictures on the internet. It is still unclear why their romance crashed but Tania has since been hanging out with other Nigerian celebrities. She was spotted with Don Jazzy at a party recently, as well as others. From the look of things, she is gradually attaining the celebrity status in Nigeria.

Tania Omotayo

Kanye West and wife Kim Kadarshian

Akshay Kumar’s next to be based on Ben Affleck’s Argo

Telugu remake of ‘Oh My God’ to roll May 19

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he yet-untitled Telugu remake of Hindi super hit‘Oh My God’, which features Daggubati Venkatesh and PawanKalyan in the lead roles, will go on floors on May 19. “The regular shooting will start from May 19. By then, PawanKalyan will be relieved of his political duties and can concentrate on shooting. If all goes well, we plan to release the film in September,” the film’s co-producer Sharat Marar told IANS. While Venkatesh will be stepping into shoes of Paresh Rawal, his counterpart Pawan Kalyan will be seen as Lord Krishna in the film. “Tadakha” fame Kishore Pardasani will helm the remake, which will be

jointly produced by Suresh Productions. While the rest of the film’s cast is yet to be finalized, there

have been rumours that Mithun Chakraborty has been roped in play his own role of the godman from the original.

Ben Affleck and Akshay Kumar

D Daggubati Venkatesh and Pawan Kalyan

irector Neeraj Pandey, whose last film ‘Special 26’ won critical appreciation, is now all set for his next project. Reporetedly the film is inspired by Ben Affleck starrer Argo and will feature Akshay Kumar. A leading tabloid quoted a source as saying, “Getting

inspired by various Hollywood films is not new to Bollywood. The latest one to join this bandwagon is Neeraj Pandey, whose next film with Akshay Kumar is apparently based on Ben Affleck’s Academy Award winning film, ‘Argo’. Shooting for the film has already started.” The film is expected to release next year in January.


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

PAGE 34

Feature

Unemployment affecting south Africa’s election

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nemployment is the major issue among young South Africans ahead of next week’s election, a BBC poll suggests. The problem of youth unemployment is evidently traceable to most parts of the African continent. Just like it is seen in Nigeria, the problem has been given political undertone in other countries. One of the continent’s great countries, South Africa could not escape from the result of the problem as it planned for its latest election. The BBC reports that shortly before its election, South African youths have begun expressing displeasure over the rate of youth unemployment in the country Nearly half of the 1,600 people polled on South African instant messaging application Mxit said jobs were their biggest concern. Education was the second most popular issue, mentioned by a quarter of respondents. This was followed by basic services, on 11%. The 7 May election is the first time that those born after the end of apartheid will be able to vote nationally. The BBC’s Pumza Fihlani in Johannesburg says that while local headlines are frequently dominated by stories of violent protests calling for provision of basic services and a lot of attention is paid to crime, corruption and the large numbers of South Africans with HIV, this shows that the most pressing daily concern for people on the ground is the economy. Almost a quarter of all South Africans are jobless with the unemployment rate around 24% in 2014 up on 1994 20%, according to the South African Institute of Race Relations. Narnia Bohler Muller from the Human Social Research Council says 50% of young people who have left school in South Africa are unemployed. “South Africa is now third in the world, after Greece and

Unemployment is the major issue among south Africans

Spain, when it comes to youth unemployment,” she adds. Twenty-five-year-old Lionel Dick lives in Uitenhage, Eastern Cape, and has been unemployed for five years. “I live with 13 people in a four bedroom house and no one is employed,” he told the BBC. Some of the young people from the area speak on the issue: the first to speak among them was Syanda Msomi, 26, Gauteng: “I am not happy at all. I am unemployed with a matric school leaving certificate. But since I left school, I really can’t find any long-term jobs. I wanted to work in administration but there are only temporary jobs that last for two or three months. I don’t see any change in rural areas like where I live in Winterveldt. There is no

shopping centre, there’s nothing. I live with my grandmother and my four younger siblings. We buy 25 litres thet is 5.5 gallons of water for one rand. 1 US cent; 5.5 pence a day to drink, to bathe, and wash. Our government does not care about the people. All the politicians do is tell us to vote but for what? I won’t vote as long as I still don’t benefit from the government. Anoth er Sounth Afri can adds: “I’m a father of four children, and we live in a house with a grandmother and other family members who are also looking for work.” “I’m skilled in many trades including plumbing, but we survive on the private jobs I do once a week or twice a month. it’s a struggle.” Syanda Msomi speaks further about

the situation as pertains to his friends: “I have friends who are in the same position as me. I don’t know what I’m going to do now.” After unemployment, education was the next area that matters most to people. Joseph Giacomo is a law student in Gauteng. He says the cost of higher education is too high. “I am studying at home because the NSFAs, a government student loan and bursary scheme didn’t come through to some financially disadvantaged students like me.” “I believe higher education should be free, and people should be helped to get a matric qualification to study at higher education.” Luvo Fini in Western Cape says: “I work on a farm and in 2010 I passed grade 12, but

Syanda Msomi

due to lack of finance I wasn’t able to study further.” Adrienne Murray reports on the part the economy may play in the South African election “Although I had a diploma I had no bursary or financial assistance - South Africa doesn’t care about poor people.” “I’m just going to vote, just to vote, but I’ve lost hope in this country.” South Africa’s election was held on Wednesday 7 May. The African National Congress is expected to be reelected It has been in power since the end of white-minority rule in 1994. But many South Africans accuse it of not doing enough to help poor people - a feeling the main opposition Democratic Alliance and the newly formed Economic Freedom Fighters are hoping to exploit. -BBC

Our government does not care about the people. All the politicians do is tell us to vote but for what? I won’t vote as long as I still don’t benefit from the government.


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Feature

PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

Why renewable energy is the way forward for Africa

Nigerians have started investing in soler energy to boost their business

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hile Nigeria b a t t l e s tirelessly to end the season of epileptic power supplies and its many effects on the economy, Jasandra Nyker, Chief Executive Officer of BioTherm Energy, a renewable energy investment and independent project development platform focused on sub-Saharan Africa writes on the way forward for Africa through renuable energy If you take a solar map and a wind map and compare the African continent to other continents, you’ll see we have some of the best resources in the world. The solar resource in the Northern Cape of South Africa is 25 percent higher than that of Spain, and Spain is considered to be a world class site. Renewable energy can bring enormous socio-economic benefits and be a ticket out of poverty for many Africans. As much as one needs roads, one needs power. And to get it from a renewable energy source means you are creating a sustainable electrical solution that will also power jobs. Future jobs will not just come from servicing the renewable energy industry or constructing the assets, but also by creating a catalyst for other economic development. Access to energy will lead to new towns, increased migration,

new businesses and economic growth. A Different Model Biotherm Energy is an Africa-focused renewable energy power company. We build out wind and solar projects in Sub Saharan Africa, and currently have three under construction. An average home uses a one kilowatt a day, so the 47 megawatts that we are producing can power 47,000 homes. Biotherm Energy is committed to the uplift and development of the local communities in which we operate. Our projects are based

in rural parts of country, and we not only produce power that we sell to utility, but also make sure local communities engage in and can benefit from our projects. Ours is a different business model; not what you’d typically see from corporates. A local community trust owns 5% of the project, so the local community can benefit from future dividends. We also work with communities to create socio-economic development projects, around issues such as women’s empowerment, rural development and education. One of the main challenges

If you take a solar map and a wind map and compare the African continent to other continents, you’ll see we have some of the best resources in the world. The solar resource in the Northern Cape of South Africa is 25 percent higher than that of Spain, and Spain is considered to be a world class site.

we’ve encountered is a lack of local skill set, and that’s why we’re developing skills transfer and development programmes between international partners and local suppliers. We engage with local training schools to make sure people are trained over two or three years, and also send people to international construction companies to help them develop new skills. Policy uncertainty However we are operating in a difficult environment. Economic constraints have resulted in a change in policy around renewable energy. The renewable energy industry was catalyzed by a tariff system that was put in place to help build and deploy projects, but the cost to

government was high. Now the building cost has come down, and so many countries – like Spain – have stopped their tariff regime. Governments may ask: why do we need to subsidize this industry? But we say the truth is governments have been subsidizing the hydrocarbon industry for last twenty to thirty years. Renewables are new and every new technology needs subsidizing, but governments are pulling those subsidies sooner than later. Policy uncertainty is now a global issue, and we need governments to guarantee that a programme will stay in place even if the government changes, and this demands cross party agreement. Way forward The industry still suffers from a lack of competitive financing. The perceived risk of renewables is higher than the actual risk. We need to look at different financing solutions, and private sector to private sector engagement will be key. The private sector will also need to develop innovative technologies that can continue to drive down the cost of production. Every country needs to adapt to renewable energy. There is a perception that renewables are difficult and expensive to deploy. In order to get rid of the noise in the system, we need the commitment of finance and energy ministers and their departments to meet and learn the lessons of other countries like Spain, Italy and the UK. Renewables are the way forward for Africa, and have the potential to power the whole of the continent. But policy certainty and regulation will be crucial for the industry to attract investment and grow. Source: wef.blog-online

Soler energy can be renewed to boost electricity supply in Nigeria


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

PAGE 36

Digest

Having a strong grip at 53 could show you’ll live longer

Insomnia can cause a range of problems with elderly people and exacerbate underlying medical conditions, (picture posed by a model)

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f after reading this you can spring energetically from your chair and then give someone a strong handshake, doctors have some good news for you. And if you can also balance on one leg for up to 30 seconds with your eyes closed, then that’s a bonus as well. Because middle-aged people who perform well on these three tasks are more likely to have a long and healthy life, according to researchers. In contrast, those with a poor hand grip who are slow to get out of a chair and struggle to balance are at greater risk of dying within the next decade or so.

A study found that low levels of physical capability at the age of 53 suggest poorer chances of survival over the next 13 years compared with those in better shape. Those with the weakest physical performance on the tests had 12 times higher death rates than those who could do them all. It is thought that poorer performance may be an indicator of disease, either diagnosed or undetected, and faster ageing. Physical strength at the age of 53 was a good objective assessment for risk of premature death, said Dr Rachel Cooper, who led the study at the Medical Research Council Unit for Lifelong Health

and Ageing at University College London. Dr Cooper said: ‘Even at this relatively young age these measures identify groups of people who are less likely than others to achieve a long and healthy life.’ The study involved 1,355 men and 1,411 women for whom there was data on physical capability at the age of 53. Death rates from all causes over the following 13 years up to the age of 66 were established, according to a report in the online medical journal bmj.com. Physical capability was assessed during home visits at the age of 53 using three markers – strength of hand grip, speed of rise from a

c chair and standing balance time w where the individual had to stand o on one leg for up to 30 seconds w with their eyes closed. The team of researchers noted 177 deaths between the ages of 53 and 66. Those with the lowest physical ability scores – in the bottom fifth – had higher rates of death from any cause than those in the highest fifth for performance. People who could not perform any of the tests at 53 had over 12 ttimes higher death rates when ccompared with people able to p perform all three tests. Those with lower scores tended tto be less well-off, have less healthy llifestyles and suffer from more cchronic conditions, but these ffactors were taken into account by tthe researchers. Dr Cooper said: ‘Our study sshows robust associations of sstanding balance time, chair rise sspeed and grip strength at age 53 w with all cause mortality rates over 13 years of follow-up. ‘This suggests that there is value in using these simple and inexpensive tests to assess physical capability in mid-life in research and possibly also in applied settings to identify those people who are less likely than others to achieve a long and healthy life.’ In the US, a trial is under way to see the effects of frail older people being asked to do more physical activity under supervision. Previous studies have found that slower walking speed in middle age was associated with lower total cerebral brain volume – or fewer ‘grey’ cells – while brisk walking had a range of health

benefits. Other research also found that a stronger hand grip strength was associated with larger cerebral brain volume as well as better performance on cognitive tests. American researchers found, in a second study reported in the journal, that those who spend more time in physical activity of a light intensity every day had less chance of becoming disabled by arthritis in the knee. Source: Dailymail.co.uk

Being able to balance on one leg is another indicator that people aren’t at risk from premature death

Professional musicians are almost four times more likely to lose their hearing

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rofessional musicians are almost four times more likely to lose their hearing, new research has revealed. And performing professionally, whether in an o orchestra or rock band, can make you 57 per cent more likely to develop tinnitus - an incessant ringing in the ears – the r research showed. A study, published in the journal Occupational & E Environmental Medicine, revealed that there was a higher c chance of hearing problems in people regularly exposed to lo noise. loud Researchers looked at health data from seven million G Germans between 2004 and 2008. Among the three million people who were aged 19 to 66 a in employment, there were 2,227 musicians. and Over four years, just under 284,000 cases of hearing loss w registered, slightly more in men than women. were It was revealed that 238 of the people who suffered h hearing loss were professional musicians. Professional players were discovered to be almost four ti times as likely to have some form of deafness. Previous studies found that long term exposure to in industrial noise can cause hearing damage. However this is the first study to look at the effects of h hearing damage on professional musicians. The results could ring true for musicians such as Ozzy Professional musicians are almost four Osbourne and Phil Collins, both of whom admit to having times more likely to lose their hearing than average, new research has revealed. Ozzy hearing problems. Osbourne is known to have hearing problems Experts are urging musicians to use earplugs whenever

they are playing loud music in a bid to reduce the risk of hearing damage. The authors, Professor Gunter Kreutz, from Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg in Germany and Dr Wolfgang Ahrens, from the University of Bremen in Germany, wrote: ‘Our data suggest that in professional musicians the risks of music-induced hearing loss outweigh the potential benefits for

hearing ability, as reported by other researchers. ‘Given the number of professional musicians and the severity of the outcome, leading to occupational disability and severe loss of quality of life, hearing loss in this group is of high public health importance.’ Source: Dailymail.co.uk

Musicians are 57 per cent more likely to develop tinnitus. Phil Collins says that he has suffered hearing loss


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

PAGE 37

Obanikoro, PDP mourn ex Lagos governor, Otedola From Ayodele Samuel, Lagos

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inister of State for Defence, Senator Musiliu Obanikoro and the Peoples Democratic Party PDP have described the late Pa Otedola as a perfect gentleman and one of the finest politician the state has ever produced. Obanikoro, in a statement, while acknowledging that his loss was painful, added that the octogenarian lived a fulfilled life. The statement read in part: “It is with deep sadness that I, on behalf of myself and my family, convey our condolences to the Otedola family over the passing of its patriarch, former Governor of Lagos State, Sir Michael Otedola on Monday May 5, 2014 at the fruitful age of 87. “While Pa Otedola has left us at a very painful moment, we must also thank God for the life he lived. I am honoured to have worked under his leadership, as Governor of Lagos State when he appointed me Director, Lagos State Bulk Purchasing Corporation (LASBULK). I knew him to be a perfect gentleman, an icon of excellence and one of the finest politicians our nation has ever produced. “Sir Otedola was a real human being. His modest lifestyle and love for humanity was characterized by his philanthropic efforts, which touched and transformed the lives of many Lagosians and Nigerians across the world. Indeed, Nigeria

has lost a rare gem. “It is my heartfelt prayer that the Almighty God would give both the immediate and extended families of Sir Otedola, Lagosians and Nigerians the fortitude to bear this huge loss,” he prayed. Similarly, Lagos state PDP has described the death of Pa Otedola a sad loss. The party noted that though the elder statesman died at an old age, his immense contributions being enjoyed by the

state will no more be available. The state PDP further described the late Pa Otedola as a classical example of who a Governor Emeritius should be, having served with sincerity and retiring from politics to be a statesman for subsequent governors in the state. The Lagos state PDP chairman, Tunji Shelle, exalted the deceased for giving that much service to Lagos state in the short time. He particularly praised the

ability of the former governor to carry everybody along in his Government, irrespective of their partisan leanings. “He won the election by providence as the candidate of NRC. SDP was the more popular party in Lagos at that time. He however served the state giving fair share to everyone, irrespective of the party affiliation. I call on Governor Fashola to genuinely immortalise this great man”.

Osun state Governor, Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola (middle), in a group photograph with members of the National Assembly, recently at the All Progressives Congress (APC) headquarters, in Abuja. Photo: Mahmud Isa

Guber poll: Ekiti settlers endorse Bamidele

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ommunities of non-indigenous people in Ekiti State have endorsed gubernorship candidate of Labour Party, Hon Michael Opeyemi Bamidele, as date of next month election draws closer in Ekiti State. The settlers, who are mostly farmers residing in the areas, trooped out in two villages of Ajebamidele and Sasere in Emure Ekiti during Bamidele’s rally recently. They appealed to the candidate to assist them in construction of access roads and rural electrification projects. Chief Augustine Ogah, an Idoma leader in Ajebamidele said opening up of the villages to Emure Ekiti township would assist them in transporting their produce like cocoa, cola nuts, palm kernels, oranges and cashew nuts for sale. Mr Ogile Godwin, who spoke on behalf of the Igbos in Sasere village, also demanded GSM network to reach out to their people in other parts of the country. They also demanded deployment of personnel to the only health center in their domain, as well as a police post. Bamidele who promised to address all their requests also urged them to vote for him massively in June 21st election. While lamenting their plight, he said “I have passed through your roads and I share in your plight as fellow Nigerians. All these will be addressed as soon as you vote us to office by the grace of God.

UPN urges members to be committed to nation building

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he National Secretary, Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN), Alhaji Abubakar Sokoto yesterday urged members of the party to contribute courageously toward national development. Sokoto made the call in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN), in Abuja. He enjoined them to face the

future with hope, courage and determination in their quest to take over leadership in upcoming elections at all levels. ``Now that our party is registered by INEC, we have to take charge and fill the gap created by the ruling parties at all levels of government. ``Our party’s ideology can conveniently fill the vacuum for

the benefit of all Nigerians, hence the need for us to be hopeful, courageous and determined to serve the nation on this platform,’’ he said. The scribe, however, said: ``For us to achieve this, we need to have strong party structures on the ground at the ward, local government, state and national levels.”

He assured members that the party would establish functional offices in all the states of the federation. On the party’s readiness to contest in coming polls this year, Sokoto said ``congresses will soon be conducted across the nation to organise primaries for members interested in contesting elections this year

and beyond”. According to him, the party will be funded through monthly dues and contributions from registered members and UPN friends across the world. NAN recalls that UPN was registered by INEC on April 26, which brough the number of political parties in the country to 26. (NAN)

INEC tasks groups on active participation in card distribution, registration

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he Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) in Abia State has urged groups in the state to be actively involved in the permanent voter’s cards(PVC) distribution and voters registration. The Resident Electoral Commissioner in the state, Prof Jacob Jatau, made the call in

Umuahia yesterday during a meeting with stakeholders in the state on the exercises. Jatau said the PVC distribution and continuous voters’ registration would take place between May 23 and 25 and May 28 and June 1, 2014, respectively. “INEC wants to ensure that people at all levels of the society

are duly informed and adequately educated about the exercises,” he said. Jatau said the contribution of every stakeholder was needed for positive results. “We seek your cooperation in explaining to your various constituencies what you have been told concerning the commission’s

activities. “INEC wants to ensure that the exercise will not be cumbersome for anyone that will participate, therefore, adequate logistics will be in place,” he said. In his remark, Eze Philip Ajomiwe, the Chairman of Umuahia North Traditional Rulers’ Council, commended

INEC for embarking on the exercises. Ajomiwe urged the commission to ensure that all facilities were put in place to ensure a hitch free exercise. ``INEC should ensure that its performance this year surpasses the 2011 voters registration,” he said. (NAN)


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PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

Politics Kaduna: Bye election holds in Kauru/ Chawai Constituency June 21st

Patients waiting for free medical treatment organised by member, House of Representatives, Hon. Aishatu Dahiru, yesterday at the Federal Medical Centre, in Yola. Photo: NAN

From Femi Oyelola, Kaduna

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APC crisis, ploy to destroy me politically - Osoba From James Ogunnaike, Abeokuta

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s the supremacy battle between the two factions of the Ogun state chapter of All Progressives Congress(APC) rages, a national leader of the party in Ogun State and its former governor, Aremo Olusegun Osoba, yesterday described the crisis as a ploy to “destroy him politically” by some unfaithful politicians who rose against him in 2003. Osoba said this in Abeokuta at a consultative meeting held at his Ibara GRA residence to brief his loyalists on the intra-party crisis which has bedeviled the APC since the inception of the party in the helms of affairs in the state in

2011. He said “the agenda of 2003 is on again. It is meant to destroy me again. This crisis is taking the same pattern; the same way it took in 2003. I didn’t know it was a sin to forgive and forget. I decided that I should forgive and forget what they did to me in 2003 so that we could wrestle power back from the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) after eight years”. The consultative meeting which had in attendance some members of the National Assembly from the state including Senator Gbenga Kaka, Senator Gbenga Obadara, Senator Akin Odunsi and Hon. Adekunle Adeyemi in turn addressed all members of the faction that were present.

Osoba disclosed that he was inundated with phone calls from Nigeria while he was away in London that the Governor Ibikunle Amosun-led faction wanted to inaugurate the state executive of the party. He expressed surprise that since he joined politics, such an action had never taken place. On the state of the matter on the crisis that arose from parallel congresses of the party held in the state, the APC national leader said that the National Secretariat had directed that all reports on the congresses should be forwarded to it for scrutiny before taking decision on Tuesday 13th May, 2014 stressing that the issues is a national issue and not peculiar to

Ogun State. On the allegation of collecting bribe from the Amosun-led faction, Osoba completely denied the allegation saying “he had never collected any money from the governor or government, emphasizing that all he demanded was compensation in terms of jobs and appointments for party members who sacrificed all they had during the 2011 general elections to win the state”. Osoba dismissed the rumour that he was planning to lead his followers to either the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) or Labour Party(LP), alleging that the Federal Government is using both parties to destabilize the Southwest.

Yobe APC assures members of equal opportunity

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lhaji Maimala Buni, Yobe Chairman of the All Progressives Congress (APC) yesterday assured members of equal treatment and opportunity in the party. Buni said this in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Damaturu. “APC will not discriminate among

old and new members. If you join the party today, you are as good as the founding members. “This is a new party with a new beginning and a redefined commitment to the states and country. “We will ensure that the position of the majority are both respected and adopted in respecting the choice of

the people,” he said. The chairman said although the party enjoyed overwhelming support from key politicians and electorate in the state, the doors of the party were still open for those willing to join. He said: “We are aware of some politicians willing to join APC but entertain fear of being regarded as late comers.

“The party is assuring them of equal treatment and opportunity as members of APC.” Buni advised politicians to conduct themselves peacefully during electioneering. “All political parties must discourage political violence while the youths must resist any act of violence and thuggery,” he said. (NAN)

Former Osun PDP Chairman declares as LP governorship aspirant

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former Chairman of PDP in Osun state, Alh. Fatai Akinbade, has declared his intention to run for the governorship election in the state on the platform of Labour Party (LP). Akinbade, who made the declaration yesterday in Osogbo, said his aspiration would be guided by the party manifesto on the

development of the state. He listed mechanised farming, industrialisation, restoration of middle class, expansion and development of infrastructure and mining as some of his agenda toward transformating the state. His other programmes include human capital development, tourism development and building

an egalitarian society. “I am resolved to work towards the goal of providing quality leadership that will work tenaciously to bring about the required development and give our people a new lease of life. “Let us go into a partnership that will positively affect our collective fortunes,” Akinbade said.

The aspirant called on like-mind politicians in the state to join him on a rescue mission on the platform of LP to bring about a new dawn in the state. The LP chairman in the state, Mr Timothew Olatunji, called on the people of the state to vote for LP candidate in the August governorship election. (NAN)

ye election to fill the vacuum created by the death of a member of Kaduna State House of Assembly representing Kauru/ Chawai, Hon. Shuaibu M. Tukura, is to hold on 21st June, 2014. This was decided at the stakeholders meeting between the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), political parties, security and other stakeholders at the INEC headquarters in Kaduna yesterday. Although INEC had earlier proposed that the bye election be held on the 24th May, 2014, the political parties’ representatives, especially from the opposition All Progressive Congress (APC), disagreed with the proposal, arguing that the time frame was too short for them to put their houses in order and campaign for the election. They however rescheduled the INEC proposed date and gave wider period for the political parties to campaign and slated the bye election date for 21st June, 2014. Earlier in his address, the Kaduna INEC Resident Electoral Commissioner (REC), Alhaji Haliru Aliyu Tambuwal, informed the meeting that the Commission has been organizing series of activities since 2011 to date aimed at achieving a free, fair and credible election come 2015. Assuring that the INEC is making all necessary plans for a successful and credible 2015 general elections, the REC sought the cooperation of stakeholders, particularly the political parties, to operate within the confine of the law, mostly during their party congresses, primaries, campaigns and other activities. He stressed that the byeelection in the Kauru/Chawai constituency will be in the 11 wards and 17 existing polling units of the constituency. Meanwhile, party members who attended the meeting appealed to INEC to live up to their words by providing an enabling environment and a evel playing ground for all political parties during the byeelection. This is just as the police and other security agents at the meeting assured of adequate security during the bye-election.


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PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

News Extra

‘I was not impersonated by Mutah’ - Chibok Elder

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Chibok elder, Kibaku (Chibok) Area Development Association (KADA), in Borno state, Mrs. Grace Allabeh Ndirmbula, has said that she was never impersonated by Naomi Nyadar at a meeting in the Presidential Villa in Abuja. There were reports on Monday, that Nyadar, an organiser of the ‘#BringBackOurGirls’ demonstration in Abuja, was arrested after a meeting at the

Presidential Villa with Dame Patience Jonathan for allegedly impersonating a leader of KADA Women Wing of Chibok, Mrs. Grace Allabeh Ndirmbula. In a statement made available to journalists yesterday, Mrs. Ndirmbula said Mrs. Naomi Mutah Nyadar and Mrs. Saratu Angus Ndirpaya were nominated by her to attend the meeting as she could not possibly be present due to her distant domicile. She said Naomi Mutah

Nyadar did not and had no reason to impersonate her as she is a respected elder of KADA women’s wing of Chibok (Kibaku) Community in Abuja. Ndirmbula also faulted a statement credited to the First Lady that no child was missing in Borno state, stressing that it was sad that the highest level meeting of Nigerian women stakeholders could deny the reality of the abduction of 276 girls from G.G.S.S, Chibok.

The statement reads in part, “On Sunday, 4th of May, 2014 at about 6am, I, Mrs. Grace Allabeh Ndirmbula received a call from Kwapchi Bata, the senior special assistant to the executive governor of Borno on media, requesting for a nomination of a worthy representative of Chibok (Kibaku) women in Abuja to attend an urgent meeting convened by the wife of the president at Aso Villa. “The meeting was to be held

Jigawa recruits 1,564 teachers

Wada advises cassava consumers to patronize Vitamin-A variety

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From Omale Adama, Lokoja

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onsumers of varieties of cassava in the country have been urged to patronize the new variety of vitamin A fortified yellow cassava to boost their immunity system. The Governor made the remark flagging off vitamin A fortified Yellow Cassava at Koton-Karfe the headquarters of Kogi Local Government Council of the state. He stressed the need for continued research into means of providing agricultural crops with necessary vitamins that could enhance human nutritional value. The Governor commended the management of the Washington DC Harvest Plus Agricultural Research Company based in Ibadan for its strive to ensure that varieties of crops were provided with the right nutrients that could boost human growth and prevent some diseases. He described agriculture as a noble and profitable sector, assuring that his administration would key into the promotion of agriculture as a business oriented venture beyond the level of mere subsistence farming as he lauded the interest of the paramount ruler of Koton-Karfe, the Ohimege Igu of Koto, Alhaji Isa Koto in farming and urged other traditional rulers across the state to emulate him in their various domains. Earlier, in his welcome address, the Country Director of the Washington based Harvest Plus Agricultural Research Company, Dr. Paul Ilona stated that the initiative of promoting vitamin nutrients in crops is in line with the federal government’s directive to help in tackling deficiency in normal growth of the children resulting in lack of appropriate vitamins capable of preventing them not to fall prey of different kind of diseases.

as from 12 noon that same day. The woman representative of the Kibaku Area Development Association (KADA) was to join the Borno women contingent that was already in Abuja. “Due to the suspension of flights from Maiduguri to Abuja and the long distance and hours it takes to travel to Abuja by road, it was impossible for me, being resident in Maiduguri to reach Abuja and attend the meeting as scheduled”.

L-R: Senior Special Assistant to the President on Public Communication, Dr Doyin Okupe, DirectorGeneral, Nigeria Television Authority (NTA), Mr. Sola Omole, Managing Director, News Agency of Nigeria (NAN), Mr. Ima Niboro, and Director-General, Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN), Alhaji Ladan Salihu, after a meeting of heads of government communication agencies with VicePresident Mohammed Namadi Sambo, on Wednesday at the State House, in Abuja. Photo: Joe Oroye

Kaduna Assembly begins audit of donor funds

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he Kaduna state House of Assembly yesterday considered for the second time, a motion seeking to audit the contributions received from donor agencies by the state government. Mr. Bityong Nko, who moved the motion, said it was necessary to determine the level of intervention received from the agencies and status of projects and services implemented. He said the audit would also assist in identifying the

impact of the contributions to the socioeconomic development of the state, as well as areas of weaknesses. Nko noted that the government had in the past received funding from development partners for infrastructure, agriculture and health services. ``It is important to know the quantum of work done and contributions received from the agencies. It will enable us to also know the value of the services rendered to the people of Kaduna

State.’’ The lawmaker believed that the audit would assist the state government in making appropriate adjustments or modifications for improved utilisation of the funds. The Deputy Speaker, Mr. Peter Adamu, who presided over the sitting, directed the House Committee on Economic Planning to conduct an in-depth investigation on the matter and report back to it on June 20. (NAN)

he Jigawa state government, yesterday, said it recruited 1,564 teachers for senior secondary schools across the State in the last six years. The state Commissioner for Education, Prof. Haruna Wakili, made this known in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN), in Dutse. He said the employment, which started in 2008, was done by the administration of Gov. Sule Lamido to address shortage of qualified teachers in the state prior to his assumption of office in 2007. He said all those recruited were graduates of various disciplines. The commissioner said the state government had been collaborating with the National Teachers’ Institute (NTI) for continuous training of teachers to improve their quality. ``Apart from our partnership with institutes like NTI, we equally encourage and support our teachers who are interested in further education’’, he said. According to him, 440 classrooms in various senior secondary schools were renovated within six years to make the environment conducive for learning. Wakili said more than 90 laboratories were constructed to improve the teaching and learning of core science subjects. The commissioner added that the present administration was committed to providing quality education so that the children would have a better future. (NAN)

NHIS School Programme for inauguration soon – Scribe

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he Executive Secretary, National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS), Dr. Femi Thomas has said the NHIS School Programme would be inaugurated this year. He told the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Abuja, yesterday, that the programme would enable primary and secondary school pupils from age six to 12 years benefit from services of the scheme. Thomas said the school programme would add about 24 million additional enrolments to beneficiaries of the NHIS. He added that plans were also

on to include students of tertiary institutions into the scheme, saying this would help to fast-track the objective of achieving universal access to healthcare. ``Children in primary schools will be treated free. It is our hope that the free health programme will enlist 14 million children nationwide.” The executive secretary, however, stated that NHIS had not gone the way it was envisaged; calling on Nigerians to enroll for health insurance. He said the Federal Government had spent over N1billion on the scheme for promoting maternal and

child health in reducing unnecessary deaths. The scribe noted that the FG established the scheme due to the alarming number of children that died during pregnancy and before age five. According to him, the incessant deaths among this category of people have become a recurring decimal, as about 39,000 women died before the intervention of NHIS. He called on Nigerians to avail themselves of health insurance as it offered best protection on health issues.

He said that 12 out of the 36 states of the federation had embraced community based health insurance programme, adding that efforts were on to encourage other states to key into it. Thomas said 33,000 pregnant women had benefited from the scheme’s maternal/ newborn and child health programme in the first quarter of 2014, as opposed to the 11,000 that benefited in 2013. NAN reports that the scheme had also inaugurated NHIS-MDG Users Satisfaction Survey (USS) to gauge the opinion of enrollees on areas for improvement.


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PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

Photo Splash

Women and children protesting over the abducted schoolgirls in Chibok, yesterday in Ibadan.

Women for Peace and Justice Coalition in protest over the 234 abducted school girls in Chibok, yesterday in Benin City.

Women for Justice and Peace Nigeria led by wife of Adamawa state Governor, Hajiya Zainab Nyako, protesting over the abduction of Chibok school girls, yesterday in Yola. Photo: NAN

Women from Plateau protesting over the abducted Chibok school girls, yesterday in Jos. Photo: NAN

Women carrying placards during a peaceful demonstration over the abduction of Chibok school girls, yesterday in Katsina. Photo: NAN


SPORT 41 PAGE

PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

SMS- 08036258222, albertakota@yahoo.com

Agbim has no business in Eagles squad, says Babayaro A

Chigozie Agbim

AYC Qualifier: Flying Eagles arrive Tanzania, says official

Kelechi Iheanacho

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he Flying Eagles yesterday arrived in Dar-es-Salaam for their first leg of African Youth Championship (AYC) qualifier match against their Tanzania counterparts. The Media Officer of the

team, Sam Audu, made the disclosure in a statement in Abuja. The team which have been training at the National Stadium, Lagos ahead of the match, left the country on Wednesday morning aboard an Ethiopian

airline aircraft. The match is scheduled for Sunday at the 60,000-capacity National Stadium in Dar-esSalaam. “The Nigeria U-20 team was received by officials of the Nigeria embassy as well as Tanzania Football Federation. “The team have been booked into a three-star Sapphire Court Hotel in downtown Dar-esSalaam and will train by match time, which is 4 pm local time and 2 pm Nigerian time on Sunday,” it said. The statement said that the hotel was also hosting the Somalia basketball team who are featuring in an East and Central African championship. It said that hosts were leaving nothing to chance to defeat Nigeria to create an upset in the qualifying matches. “The Ngonrongoro Heroes are desperate for firepower after they failed to score both at home and away in the previous qualifier against neighbour Kenya,” the statement said. The return leg of the match will take place in Nigeria in two weeks.

s reactions continue to trail the 30-man Super Eagles provisional list for next month’s World Cup, former international goalkeeper Emmanuel Babayaro has spoken of his reservations about the team picked by Coach Stephen Keshi. The Atlanta ’96 gold medalist said the list was a good one but expressed his dissatisfaction on the kicking out of in-form Villareal forward Ikechukwu Uche. “To be honest, there is no surprise for me in terms of inclusion but that of exclusion which is that of Ike Uche.” Babayaro said. “I had hoped he would get an invitation and at the end of the day if you don’t want him, you won’t take him to the World Cup but by virtue of how wonderful and how well he has played for his club, I think he should have gotten a chance in terms of invitation. “You don’t judge him on the old character because he probably might have improved on that from that moment and now,” he added. “For me if there is anyone that should have made the squad that should be him. In general, I don’t have any problems with the 30-man list.” In his own assessment of the goalkeeping department where he thrived during his playing days, the former Plateau United

player stated that the technical crew committed a blunder inviting Gombe United’s Chigozie Agbim. “You can’t shy away from the truth and I have always maintained that we have just one goal keeper and that is Vincent Enyeama. I will always go on my knees and pray for him that God gives him strength. If he is out then we are in trouble. “I love these players and they respect me but in this case we are talking Nigeria and I must speak the truth. Agbim in my own opinion ought not to be in the national team,” he continued. The 29-year old Agbim conceded nine goals in six matches while on duty at the 2014 African Nations Championship where the Super Eagles finished third. “It’s not about his poor performances in South Africa, it’s about his weight and height and all these are big minuses. “Having such a goalkeeper at this point in time in world football does not speak well about the goalkeeping prowess of Nigeria. “In a country with many talents, picking a goalkeeper with these defects does not speak well of us. No matter how good he is, he shouldn’t have been invited,” he concluded.

Nigeria rise to 44th in FIFA ranking

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he Super Eagles has up one spot to the 44th position in the latest Fifa global rankings released yesterday. Eagles were ranked 45th in last month’s rankings improved with 35 days to the 2014 Fifa World Cup. The reigning Africa Cup of Nations champions’ position on the continent remains unchanged at sixth, still behind Cape Varde who are ranked fifth. In the overall world ranking, Europe still occupies the top three places with Spain, Germany and Portugal occupying the first, second and third positions respectively. Behind the top three are four South American sides in

Brazil, (4th, up 2), Colombia (5th, down 1) and fierce rivals Uruguay (6th, down 1) and Argentina (down 1), who share seventh position. Cote D’Ivoire remain the top-ranked African side static at 21 this month. Egypt are unmoved from 24th position in the world and second in Africa. They are followed by Algeria in 25, Ghana 38, Cape Verde 42, Tunisia 49, Cameroon 50, Guinea51 and Mali 59 to round up the African top ten. Nigeria’s World Cup Group F opponents are ranked thus: Argentina 7, Bosnia-Herzegovina 25 and Iran 37. The next FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking will be published on 5 June 2014.


PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

PAGE 42

Sports

Amadi rules over Eaglets’ keepers off season to update his knowledge at German top side, Hannover 96, said the contribution of a goalkeeper to the overall success of a team cannot be overemphasised. He noted that dynamics of the game has reached a stage whereby the goalkeeper is as good as any outfield player, adding it was his prerogative to train the goalkeepers to world standard. “Education and training at any level is a continuous process,” noted Amadi, a former Montessori teacher. “I was at Hannover’96 during the break and it was a good opportunity to learn new things which ultimately, I would pass on to our new goalkeepers.” Meanwhile, Amadi has again stated matter-of-factly that no player has to pay a dime to make the new Golden Eaglets, advising parents and guardians to be wary of unscrupulous elements who might want to take undue advantage of their youngsters. “Nobody is asking for a Kobo from anybody and the players here can bear us witness that there is no under the table deal,” declared Amadi. “Once again, we are appealing to parents and guardians to ignore anyone persons asking them to pay before bringing their wards forward for the screening.”

Stories Albert Akota

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he Golden Eaglets’ German-trained goalkeeper coach Emeka Amadi, has thumbed-up the lads under his watch as the Under-17 National Team’s screening is gradually drawing to an end. Amadi was applauded far and wide after Dele Alampasu was crowned as the Best Goalkeeper at the last FIFA Under-17 World Cup in the UAE. Also a fortnight ago, he added another feather to his growing profile with the choice of new recruit; Benjamin Amos as the Best Goalkeeper at the recently concluded WAFU B Tournament in Togo. “So far, so good with the calibre of goalkeepers that we have now in camp,” said Amadi, the former youth international famous for his heroics at the 1989 FIFA Under-20 World Cup where Nigeria came second. “We already have two goalkeepers in camp, Amos and Femi Idowu but altogether, we have a pool of seven goalkeepers which we are looking at closely. “At this stage the last time, we were in dire situation because most of the goalkeepers that came forward were not up to standard but I’m very impressed with the ones we have now,” he stated. Amadi who took time during the

AYC Qualifier: NFF charges Flying Eagles on victory

Yuguda, Danagogo to lay foundation stone for Bauchi technical centre

T

T

he President of the Nigeria Football Federation (NFF) Aminu Maigari, yesterday charged the Flying Eagles to win Sunday’s African Youth Championship (AYC) qualifier in Tanzania. This is contained in a statement issued by the team’s Media Officer, Samm Audu, in Abuja. The Flying Eagles will be away to Tanzania in the first leg of the AYC qualifier on Sunday. The statement said that Maigari, who spoke through the team’s secretary, Ibrahim Aliyu, was said he had total confidence in the national U-20 team.

Aminu Maigari

It added that he expected them to win in Dar-es-Salaam. “We have total confidence in the Flying Eagles and so, we expect victory on Sunday. “This is the only way that the return leg in Nigeria will just be a mere formality,” it quoted Maigari as saying. The Flying Eagles beat the Ngorongoro Heroes 2-1 in Dares-Salaam in 2012. They later wrapped up their qualification to the next round with a 2-0 win in Ilorin two weeks later. The return leg of the AYC qualifier will be in Nigeria two weeks later.

he Executive Governor of Bauchi State, Mallam Isa Yuguda and the Minister/Chairman, National Sports Commission, Dr. Tammy Danagogo will be the special guests at the foundation stonelaying ceremony of the NFF/ FIFA Regional Technical Centre in Bauchi on Tuesday next week. Also expected at the occasion are Director General of the NSC, Hon. Gbenga Elegbeleye, Chairman of the Senate Committee on Sports, Senator Adamu Gumba, Chairman of the House Committee on Sports, Hon. Godfrey Gaiya, top officials of the Bauchi State Government, NFF President Aminu Maigari and members of his Executive Committee and NFF Management. Super Eagles’ Head Coach, Stephen Keshi, his assistant Daniel Amokachi and former Eagles’ skipper Jay Jay Okocha are among other prominent Nigerians expected at the occasion. FIFA Development Officer for West Africa, Mr. Sampon Kablan is expected in Abuja on Monday evening, with project consultants, Sports Solutions also to be represented. NFF President Aminu Maigari said yesterday: “The NFF and the entire Nigeria football fraternity are immensely grateful to Governor Yuguda for providing the very large expanse of land for this project. As we have said several times, this project will be replicated in all the six geopolitical zones of our country, to speed up

Gov. Mallam Isa Yuguda development of the game at the grassroots.” A FIFA Goal project, the NFF Regional Technical Centre, Bauchi was consummated last year with the provision of land by Governor Yuguda, FIFA’s expressed satisfaction that the Goal Project in Abuja is being put to excellent use and the visit of two FIFA officials to the project site in Bauchi. The mission of FIFA’s Goal Programme is to “promote the independence and professionalization of its Member Associations through provision of tailormade projects, such as the

construction of association headquarters, technical centres, natural and artificial turf pitches and football schools.” Its goals include promoting the game of football together with its fundamental principles and social, educational and cultural values around the world; seeking parity in the standard and infrastructure of football in individual countries; establishing modern, functional and transparent football administrations and; promoting sustainable long-term development of the Member Associations and encouraging solidarity among them.


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PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

Sports

P-i-c-t-o-r-i-a-l 1.Gung-ho athletes, great rivalries and new British stars make this season’s Diamond League an intriguing one, says Steve Cram. 2. Andy Murray admitted he is “possibly” lacking direction without a permanent coach after losing 6-3 6-2 to world number 46 Santiago Giraldo in Madrid. 3. Can Louis van Gaal turn Adnan Januzaj into the new Jari Litmanen? 4. With Man City set to win the Prem after a wild season, will next year be business as usual? 5. Ex-WBA world lightwelterweight champion Gavin Rees will retire following his rematch with Gary Buckland on 17 May.

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PEOPLES DAILY, FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

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THIS IS TO INFORM THE GENERAL PUBLIC THAT THE ABOVE NAMED CHURCH HAS APPLIED FOR REGISTRATION TO THE CORPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION ABUJA FOR THE CHANG OF ITS TRUSTEE AMENDMENT OF CONSTITUTION UNDER PART C OF THE COMPANIES AND ALLIED MATTERS ACT NO. 1 OF 1990. THE TRUSTEES ARE: 1.REV. (DR) SAM AMAGA - RETAINED 2. REV. DR. MRS LOVE SAM-AMAGA - RETAINED 3. REV. JOLOMI OLOMURO - RETAINED 4. REV. DAN OKAYI - REMOVED 5. REV. ISAIAH SAM-AMAGA JNR. - REMOVED 6. ENG. ABRAHMA IGHALO - REMOVED 7. ENG. DAVE ONIMISI - RETAINED 8. DR. ISREAL KUE - REMOVED 9. BARRISTER O. S. MEGBELE -REMOVED 10. REV. DAVE MICHEAL - RETAINED 11. REV. NORMAN JONAH - REMOVED 12. REV. JOHN IHEUKWUMERE - REMOVED 13. REV. TONY ITUEN - REMOVED 14. REV. SEGUN AINA - RETAINED 15. REV. EMMANUEL ADAMAH - REMOVED 16. REV. SEYI ADENUSI - REMOVED NEW TRUSTEES: 1. BISHOP JIDE AYANGBESAN 2. BISHOP MESSIAH OPUSUNJU AMENDMENT OF ARTICLE/CLAUSE 12 (SPECIAL CLAUSE). “PROVIDED THAT NOTHING HEREIN 2HALL PREVENT THE APOSTOLI PORTION WHICH IS THE TITHE OF INCOME WHICH MUST BE PAID TO THE PRESIDENT AND CHIEF MISSIONER OF THE MINISTRY. THE AIMS AND OBJECTIVES REMAIN THESAME. ANY OBJECTION TO THIS REGISTRATION SHOULD BE FORWARDED TO THE REGISTRAR-GENERAL. CORPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION, 420, TIGRIS CRESCENT, OFF AGUYI IRONSI STREET. PMB 198, MATIAMA, ABUJA WITHIN 28TH DAYS FROM THE DATE OF PUBLICATION.

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I, MR FARUQ OLATUNJI HEREBY APOLOGISE FOR ALL THE CANTANKEROUS AND BLUNDER THAT I MIGHT HAVE COMMITTED TO YOU MY PARENT, ALHAJI YUSSUF OLATUNJI & MRS ABIOLA OLATUNJI DUE TO MY ARROGANT AND IGNORANT WAY OF LIFE. PLEASE KINDLY FORGIVE ME AND FORGET THE PAST. I PRAY FOR ALLAH’S BLESSING AND GUIDANCE ALWAYS.

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I

Some Interesting Facts

n England, the Speaker of the House is not allowed to speak. Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, it deosn’t mttaer in waht oredr the ltters in a wrod are; the olny iprmoetnt fatcor is taht the frist and lsat ltteres be at the rghit pclae. The rset can be a total mses and you can sitll raed it wouthit a porbelm. Tihs is bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed ervey lteter by istlef, but the wrod as a wlohe. Petrty amzanig, huh? By the time an average American child leaves elementary school, they have seen 200,000 violent acts and 40,000 murders on television. There are around 200 corpses on Mount Everest. George Washington grew marijuana in his garden. Bruce Lee was so fast that they had to slow the film down so you could see his moves. The phrase “Beam me up, Scotty” was never actually spoken in any Star Trek television episode or film. New Mexico law states, that females may not appear unshaven in public. 75 percent of Japanese women own vibrators. The global average is 47 percent. In the months before he died, Elvis Presley ate an average of about 65,000 calories each day. That’s the equivalent if the maximum recommended daily caloric intake of 26 adult men or 108 Big Macs. Picasso carried a revolver loaded with blanks, which he would fire at people who asked him what his work “meant”. 80% of American husbands, and 50% of wives, say they’d marry

SUDOKU SUDOKU EASY 85

the same partner again. Andrew Johnson was drunk when he took the vice-presidential oath of office in 1865. All polar bears are left handed. Mel Blanc (the voice of Bugs Bunny) was highly allergic to carrots. The moon actually has mirrors on it. They were left there by astronauts who wanted to bounce laser beams off them, so that the distance to the moon can be measured.

Leisure

You are more likely to be killed by a champagne cork than by a poisonous spider. There are 336 dimples on a regulation golf ball. Fifteen people are known to have been crushed to death by tilting a vending machine towards them in the hopes of a free soda can. If you take any number, double it, add 10, divide by 2, and subtract your original number, the answer will always be 5. On average, each American consumes approximately two hundred and sixty pounds of meat in a year. 75% of men believe that they should pay for the majority of dates, at least untill a relationship is established. Emus and kangaroos cannot walk backwards. Some toothpastes and deodorants contain the same chemicals found in antifreeze.

Some thoughts on the 2015 elections: Contd from Backpage provide opportunities for tackling them. Some of the issues which are central to the electoral contest include: i. The existence of the strongest opposition to the PDP; ii. The severe challenges of the PDP which have effectively put it at its weakest position since 1999; iii. The ambitions of President Jonathan; iv. The politics of choosing candidates by the opposition, particularly presidential candidates; v. The capacity and integrity of INEC to conduct elections that are transparently better than all previous elections; vi. The political and security environment in which the elections will be conducted. The Opposition The APC will severely test the electoral process in terms of its capacity to provide a level playing field. Nonetheless, it will be only as strong in challenging the PDP as it is able to deal with core issues which will determine its chances of success. One of these will be the roles which its leaders choose to play in its electoral fortunes. If all its leaders, including those who have migrated from the PDP choose to forgo personal ambitions to contest for key national offices, the APC will provide Nigerians with a new image and fresh energy to convince most Nigerians that real change is feasible and desirable. If, on the other hand, the party chooses to tap into its traditional sources of energy, it will deepen the existing polarization in the nation, and will substantially narrow its chances of replacing the PDP in a holistic manner. The next three months will reveal whether APC represents a real vehicle for change, or a mere alternative to the PDP. Right now there are millions of citizens who believe that it is inconceivable that APC will lose the presidency to the PDP in a credible contest. The vast majority among these millions do not appreciate the fact that the best chances for success for the APC lie in the manner it comes to terms with its own internal challenges, and the way it manages sensitive issues such as the ambitions of its leaders. PDP’s Challenges The PDP has never been weaker than it is since 1999. But it will fight back, using traditional arsenal such as an awesome

war chest, cumulated expertise in manipulating the political process to weaken the opposition and a vast reservoir of experience and capacity in exploiting all the social and security faultlines to achieve political and electoral advantages. President Jonathan President Jonathan will be an asset to his ambitions and the PDP if the opposition fields a candidate whose weak points will be fully exploited by faith, ethnic and geo-political sentiments. If President Jonathan will prove a strong candidate, therefore, it will have be entirely due to an opponent who will be made weaker by his own liabilities. President Jonathan’s record alone will not win him elections in a credible election, and this record gets worse by the day. The PDP’s chances will be marginally better if it does not field President Jonathan, but it will have to do a lot more than dropping him. It has to re-invent itself and purge itself of the image of a party which had grown fat and complacent on ill-gotten advantages since 1999. The Opposition’s Candidates The chances of the APC in replacing the PDP will be intimately linked to the manner it allows intra-party democracy and the choices it makes in terms of who flies its flags. If APC picks General Muhammadu Buhari to contest as its candidate, it is almost certain that President Jonathan will run against him. This will ultimately create a very bitter and dangerous campaign, electioneering and the possibility of a hotly-contested electoral outcome, and may even result in post-election violence. If neither of them are candidates, and the APC does not field Atiku or any of the other ex-PDP titals presently in its fold, the nation may have an opportunity to vote for candidates with lighter baggage from their past. INEC INEC will face the most daunting challenges if President Jonathan and General Buhari are candidates in 2015. It is difficult to see how President Jonathan will win in an election that does not involve substantial influence on the credibility and integrity of INEC. The candidature of General Buhari may serve to keep INEC a bit more on its toes, but INEC will worry over perceptions of a credible election in many circles if General Buhari runs and loses in 2015. In any case, INEC should

be aware that a major dispute on the outcome of the 2015 elections will vastly worsen the serious security situation in the country. Politics and Security Between some of President Jonathan’s kinsmen who say win or lose he must be President until 2019, and many of General Buhari and APC’s supporters who think he and his party are now unbeatable, the nation is contemplating a frightening future. The nation’s security situation has never been worse, and as things stand, it is safe to assume that most of the nation, particularly the northern part, will be effectively militarized before, during and after the elections. A bitter and divisive campaign is almost certain and it will not be an exaggeration to say that even the future of the nation may hang on the manner the 2015 elections play out. Conclusion The Nigerian democratic system has been a major burden on its poorer and less powerful citizens. It has created multiple enclaves of power around leaders who may or may not have been elected. It creates very few rich people and a vast multitude searching in vain for those linkages between democratic governance and a better quality of life. Elections in Nigeria are virtual wars, and every election since 1999 has progressively cost more in resources and has recorded higher casualties. A process which should strengthen the democratic fabric now serves as a source of weakening the state. The 2015 elections will involve dangerously-high levels of expectations. Those who are favoured by the current regime will work for, and expect that it will survive the elections, and do more of the same. Those who agonize over the absence of basic security of life, or over unspeakable levels of corruption, or hope for a tangible improvement in their lives will hope that 2015 will mark a point. There is no cohesive ruling elite to police and manage the boundaries of dispute. Citizens are likely to be thrown into the fray, less as voters than as combatants. Dr Hakeem Baba-Ahmed. Visiting Associate Professor in Political Science, Kaduna State University. Text of a Lecture Delivered During the Faculty of Arts Public Lecture Series, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria on 6th of May, 2014.


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FRIDAY, MAY 9, 2014

QUOTABLE QUOTE Unguarded, inflammatory and unsubstantiated utterances by politicians are capable of desecrating our national symbol and identity as well as promoting a regime of lawlessness. –Inspector General of Police Mohammed Abubakar

SPORTS Some thoughts on the 2015 elections

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LATEST

We are sure of victory in Tanzania -Manu

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he Chief Coach of the Flying Eagles Manu Garba has stated that his priority is to get a win in this weekend’s African Youth Championship qualifying game against the Tanzanian U20 team in Dar es Salaam. The Junior Taifa Stars reached this stage after eliminating Kenya in the previous round. Manu who led the Golden Eaglets to win the 2013 Fifa U17 World Cup in the United Arab Emirates stated that his boys have put their defeat against Benin U20 side behind them and will be gunning for victory against the east African nation. “We had a terrible first half when we conceded the goal which incidentally was Benin’s only chance of the game. We were unlucky, but we have put that behind us and the boys know what is expected of them against Tanzania,” Manu told Cafonline.com. “We would do everything within our capacity to win in Tanzania and I’m very positive about this. The players are in excellent condition and our number one priority is their fitness level since it’s impossible to play in my team if you are not fit. “We have conditioned the players well and that was why we requested that those who are in Europe should join the camp on time,” he continued. “All of them are in excellent form and they have done so well in all our friendly matches. From the midfield to attack, we have players who can decide the outcome of a match and I’m happy to be working with them. “We are ready to face Tanzania and we already have our reports on the Tanzanians and we are studying how they play. “The information and technical report we have on them would give us a clear picture about how we are going to play against them. Our priority is to win.

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lections are critical turning points for all democratic systems. They express, in their pure essence, the exercise of sovereignty of the people, and represent the institutionalization of the consent to govern from the people to leaders. Citizens are most powerful during elections, not just as voters, but as people who hold opinions and views that will determine those who will exercise power. The degree to which elections genuinely involve citizens and voters in the manner leaders emerge is one of the few benchmarks for judging the quality of a particular democratic system. Some preliminary comments may be necessary to put the linkages between elections and the nature and quality of the democratic process. First, it is important to note that elections on their own are not necessarily evidence that democracy exists. Pre-determined or rigged elections are very common, and in many instances, elections are merely routine rituals orchestrated to preserve the status-quo. Secondly, there is very little agreement over what represents genuine value added to democratic systems in terms of elections. In stable, advanced democracies, voter turn-out hovers around 30 – 45 per cent. In many instances it is lower. This suggests that a small percentage of the entire population decide who governs. On the other hand, large turn-outs in developing democracies have coincided with massively rigged elections in many instances. While citizens therefore demonstrate a deep and popular desire to influence the emergence of leaders, mandates are stolen by a handful of powerful people, thus rendering the electoral process into farce. Thirdly, there has been a raging debate over what the world should tolerate as credible or acceptable elections in developing democracies. Poorly – conducted elections have been accepted or tolerated in developing democracies by developed democracies because of the primacy attached to stability, and a questionable belief that with every successive election, the democratic system grows and develops. Little attention is paid to the damage which successively rigged or disputed elections do to democratic systems in the manner they progressively shrink and violate the foundational values of the democratic system. Finally, citizens and voters expect elections to result in real changes in their lives or their social environments. Perceptions regarding the degree to which this happens are critical in determining dispositions

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Friday Column Dr Hakeem Baba-Ahmed

Dr Hakeem Baba-Ahmed towards democracy as a system of government, and, particularly in developing democracies where leadership plays such decisive roles in determining quality of life, elite competition for power very often draws citizens into serious conflicts over electoral outcomes. Elections and the Political System. The electoral process is a sub-set of the political system. All elections therefore reflect the basic issues and concerns of the political system. In developed democratic systems where most of the basic political issues such as the manner classes should compete for economic and political values; the form and structure of governments; nature and operations of basic institutions of state; processes and systems which determine citizenstate relations as well as group relations; the place of values such as faith and a few others are more or less settled, elections tend to be largely about choices within very limited political spectrum. On the other hand, in democracies where allocation of resources between classes and groups is a major issue, or where questions around values such as faith are still unresolved; or where loyalties to centripetal values are central to the political process; or where weaknesses of the elite are significant, elections tend to be volatile and massively destabilizing. If elections do not progressively capture, process and resolve some of these major issues, they merely reflect cumulative frustrations, and each election throws up more challenges to the capacity of the democratic system to resolve basic political issues. In political contexts where basic issues remain unresolved, it

is reasonable to expect that any or all of the following are responsible: i. Elections merely compound the problems, for instance, by becoming one more arena and opportunity for competing values or interests. Leaders who emerge from the elections reflect and champion narrow interests that may not even qualify strictly as partisan interests. ii. Democratic processes and institutions do not function between elections to resolve basic issues in the political system, as a result of which elections represent their highest levels of articulation; iii. Elections do not reflect popular will, including the desire to resolve basic political questions and achieve progressive resolution of these questions. Consequently, leadership is isolated from the imperatives of exercising mandates in accordance with basic popular concerns. Elections in Nigeria Elite cohesion, a vital requirement for achievement of political hegemony has always been a major problem with the Nigerian political system. The build up to political independence exposed a weak elite rooted in powerful regions, collaborating only to achieve electoral victory or keep the opposition out. The goal of independence provided an incentive and a rallying point, but intense competition and the absence of unifying values among the political leadership left it exposed and weak. This explains in large part, both the relative ease with which the 1966 coup occurred, and the consequent split within the Armed Forces which was an organic appendage of the political elite. The long stay of the military in power precluded the possibility of growth and development of a political elite, democratic values and institutions. That period coincided with the real beginning of a rentier state and a political system which was fuelled essentially by patronage. The brief period of civilian rule highlighted the huge chasms which had developed in the ranks of the political elite. Elite recruitment had suffered a major setback. The elite operated basically with the pre – 1966 values and worldviews in spite of efforts of the military to fragment their bases. The prime goal of capturing the state and bestowing patronage to

sustain control was still visible and available to the military, and it moved once again to take back control of the state. The political elite was reduced to playing facilitating roles for a military whose own project was principally the control of resources of the state and political power. This singular goal made control and governance difficult and unstable, and the military itself went through a damaging process which progressively robbed it of cohesion and integrity. The 1999 collaboration involving the rump of the nonmilitary elite from the North and a military desperate to exit without further damage produced the current democratic dispensation. The 1999 elections were a comparatively tame affair, reflecting as they did, a basic consensus around candidates and outcomes at the national level. Subsequently, however, elections became principally about concentrating power around President Obasanjo and leaders of the PDP. His first term taught Obasanjo the lesson that power is best concentrated around his office and person, and his second term was a study in the process of imprinting a powerful leader on a political process. Nigeria today bears all the hallmarks of a political system centered around powerful leaders who sustain control by subverting basic processes and values that give democracy its basic character. State resources are plundered to build and sustain loyalties, or prove access to patronage which reproduce the basic parasitic nature of the state. Subversion of the rule of law and due processes in the operations of core governance institutions have led to massive declines in their efficacy and integrity. Corruption and the collapse of policing institutions as well erosion of integrity of the judicial system have robbed the state of the capacity to perform its two basic functions: to protect life and pursue the economic wellbeing of citizens. This is the context in which the 2015 elections will be conducted. Context of the 2015 Elections. The 2015 elections will test and stretch the democratic process to their limits, or beyond. It is already the most pronounced aspect of our political process and the period until the elections will cumulatively challenge the security of the nation, the integrity and capacity of the electoral process, and the peace and livelihood of citizens. No elections have held such potentials to deepen the nation’s problems, or Cont on Page 47

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Friday, May 9th, 2014. Edition