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Vol. 11 No. 80

Friday, September 6, 2013

. . . putting the people first

Thul Qadah 1, 1434 AH


Gunmen kill 20 Syria: EU warns Niger to jail antiin fresh Borno against military immunisation attacks >> Pg 7 action >> Pg 30 preachers >> Pg 6

PDP crisis

Discordant tunes in Jonathan’s camp  ‘Prodigal sons’ must face consequences, Tukur insists  Distance yourself from aggrieved govs, Clark tells Anenih  Stop making in lammatory statements, BOT chair warns By Lawrence Olaoye


ome top members of the ruling Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) loyal to President Goodluck Jonathan yesterday threw down the gauntlet against one another on the ongoing crisis rocking the party. While the party’s National Chairman, Alhaji Bamanga Tukur, continued issuing threats to the aggrieved governors and other stakeholders in the breakaway PDP, the leader of its Board of Trustees (BoT), Chief Tony Anenih, cautioned gladiators in the crisis, including Tukur, to stop making inflammatory statements capable of jeopardizing the peace efforts initiated by the party’s elders. However, a group known as Congress for Equality, which met in the residence of Chief Edwin Clark in Abuja has asked Anenih to distance himself from the dissenters. Tukur, in his comments at a seminar organised by the offices of the women and youth leaders of the PDP at its headquarters Contd. on Page 2

L-R: Former National President, Federation of Muslim Women Association of Nigerias (FOMWAN), Hajiya Maryam Idris Othman, and the new National President of the group, Hajiya Amina B. Omoti, during a visit by FOMWAN officials to Vice-President Muhammad Namadi Sambo, yesterday at the State House, in Abuja. Photo: Joe Oroye

TY Danjuma wades into Taraba impasse

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Strange World


Taraba crisis: TY Danjuma intervenes From Ayodele Samuel, Lagos and Yusha’u Alhassan, Jalingo


eneral Theophilus Yakubu Danjuma yesterday led other elders from Taraba state into a closed door meeting with ailing Governor Danbaba Suntai in Jalingo, the state capital. Danjuma, who arrived at the Jalingo Airport was received by the state acting governor, Alhaji Garba Umar, who ushered the elders into the closed meeting at the Government House. Although the retired general declined to field questions from newsmen on the purpose of his visit after the meeting, sources privy to the interaction said discussions bother on efforts to speedily address the political impasse rocking the state. “The elders have to intervene



Strange World








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Forum, Mohammed Auwal Jibrin, has appealed to the leadership of the Taraba state House of Assembly to urgently begin with the process of confirming acting governor Umar as substantive governor by invoking Section 189 of the Constitution. He said it appeared obvious that the ailing governor is unfit to govern the state. Auwal said the students’ forum condemned the reign of impunity in the the state since the return of Governor Suntai. “There is an attempt to suppress the aspirations of the electorates by the enemies of progress and some few elements who enjoy the cover of the sick governor to achieve their selfish goals. “We urge our leaders and other reasonable Nigerians to be ready to challenge and resist of any form of

anarchy and travesty of justice being perpetrated by anyone in order to bequeath a lasting legacy for the sake of democracy, regardless of the consequences”, he said.

General T.Y. Danjuma

Landslide kills 9 people in Calabar

N Need for quick dispensation of justice in Nigeria, Page 4

because the issue was becoming uncontrollable. The meeting was successful because ‘developmental agreements’ were reached on both sides”, one of our sources revealed. Also yesterday, North-east zonal officials of the People’s Democratic Party, PDP, visited Governor Suntai yesterday at the Government House in Jalingo. Speaking during the visit, the Zonal Secretary of the party, Bala Ndamfar, said they were in the state to see things for themselves, and also to pray for the speedy recovery of the governor. He said having interacted with Governor Suntai they were convinced that his health status was ‘getting better’ by the day, and prayed God to grant him strength as he recovers. In the meantime, the Chairman, North-east Students

o fewer than nine persons were buried alive while many others sustained injuries in a landslide at Edim Otop community in the Calabar metropolis on Wednesday. Mr David Akate, Information Director, Cross River State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA), made this known to the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) yesterday in Calabar. NAN reports that landslide occurred after heavy rains which

lasted for more than five hours. Akate, however, said having warned residents of flood-prone communities of impending flood-related crisis, Cross River Government expected them to vacate such areas. He said: “We have been talking to members of that community for several years now to vacate from there. “We have been telling them that the place is not only a ravine but a flood-prone area, but they refused

to take our advice.’’ Akate said the government had taken responsibility for the treatment of the survivors, whom he said, were responding to treatment. According to him, the corpses of the deceased have been deposited at the state General Hospital mortuary. An eyewitness, Mrs Eno Akpan, said: ``we were just sitting outside discussing about the down pour when suddenly we saw trees rolling

down from the top of the hill. “Within a twinkle of an eye, it collapsed on the building and buried the entire occupants. “Well, at that time there was nothing we could do because everybody started running away in confusion, and we were hearing cries and shouts of some of children from within from the house. “But by the time help could come, the family was gone and only three were rescued,’’ she said. (NAN)

Discordant tunes in Jonathan’s camp Contd. from Front Page yesterday in Abuja, described key members of the new PDP as “prodigal sons”. He however said the breakaway faction would be accepted back into the party once they retrace their steps. Tukur said: “A prodigal son can be accepted back, because the PDP will not disown its sons and daughters, but of course you will have to face consequences of taking a wrong step. You have to reconnect and correct your wrong step. If you don’t, the PDP train will move without you.” Also commenting on the crisis in the party at the seminar, the party’s Women Leader, Ambassador Kema Chikwe, said: “The party is facing challenging times because of the morbid quest for power by unreasonable members of the party. PDP has done so much for Nigeria and has provided ladder for many people politically and deserve to be protected”. But in apparent disagreement with the vituperations of top members of both the old and new PDP, Anenih, in a press release issued yesterday cautioned that such provocative statements were disrespectful to the president. The statement reads in part

that: “Following the walk-out staged by some aggrieved members of our great party, the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) at the special Convention of 31st August, 2013, there have been genuine efforts by the leadership of the party, including the president himself, to reach out and reconcile with the aggrieved members, using the numerous mechanisms for conflict resolution that exist in the party. “A series of meetings have been held and more are scheduled to hold in the next few days. It is unfortunate that while the reconciliation efforts are being made, some of our members are making inflammatory statements, intimidating one another and issuing threats of court actions. Such actions do nothing but harm the efforts at reconciliation. “Like a good family, we must avoid open confrontation and allow the leadership of the party to effect genuine reconciliation. Conflict is not new to the PDP and, as in the past, I am confident that, in spite of the differences, the current one will be resolved, with the party coming out even stronger and more united than ever. “To make preemptive statements while the process of reconciliation is still on, is disrespectful not only to the

president but also to the party leadership. Such statements undermine the party and the enormous efforts being made under the transformation agenda of Mr. President. I therefore call on all members of our great party to exercise restraint throughout this trying period”, he said. But Clark’s group, consisting of some elder statesmen including Major General David Jemibewon, Senator Ameh Ebute and General IBM Haruna, criticised Anenih for an earlier statement that some of the aggrieved governors had genuine complaints. A communique issued at the end of the group’s meeting, which was signed by Ebute, advised the BoT chairman to join hands with Tukur to save the party and President Jonathan. In what smacks of distrust in the role being played Anenih, the group, in its statement said: “Chief Tony Anenih should distance himself from the demands of these so-called ‘aggrieved governors ‘ and join Tukur to work for the party in truth and spirit.” It alleged that part of the demands of the dissenters was that Jonathan should denounce his 2015 ambition and restrain the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) from

harassing them. Though the group did not say that President Jonathan has any weakness, it went ahead to say that “every past Head of State or President had weakness, but such weaknesses were not sufficient to deny them their constitutional rights to vie for a second term.” In the meantime, the new PDP led by Alhaji Abubakar Kawu Baraje has threatened to ensure that Tukur is jailed, having allegedly flouted a Lagos court order that all parties in the matter maintain the status quo pending the resolution of the case before it. A statement issued last night by the National Secretary of the faction, Prince Olagunsoye Oyinlola, condemned the press conference addressed by Tukur in Abuja on Wednesday, where he threatened to sack members of the National Assembly who have declared support for the Baraje faction and arrest its officers. “We have asked our lawyers to press contempt charges against Tukur because his statement was made in clear contempt of the orders of Lagos High Court which, three days ago, asked both sides to maintain the status quo. We will ask the court to commit him to jail for his disdain for the law and the judicial system”.



News Mob kills 2 women in Jigawa over alleged witchcraft From Ahmed Abubakar, Dutse


L-R: First Lady, Mrs. Patience Jonathan, President Goodluck Jonathan, President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya and his wife, Margaret Kenyatta, during President Jonathan ‘s state visit to Kenya yesterday.

22 APGA state chairmen, 5 national officers join APC By Umar Muhammad Puma


he All Progressives Congress (APC) yesterday in Abuja received decampees of 22 INEC recognized state chairmen and five national officers of the of the All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA), who pledged their allegiance to the APC. The five officers are, Assistant National Adviser, Prince Adesina Oloyekun, Chief Mrs. Olufemilayo Onwobiko, National Women Leader, South West, Kelechi Ononkwum, Assistant Women

 Ngige receives certificate of return Leader, South-South, Victoria Y. Buba, Woman Leader North West, Chief Oby Ezenna, Assistant National Women Leader, South East. The state chairmen are from Kogi, Crosss River, Kaduna, Kano, Gombe, Niger, Yobe, Lagos, Katsina, Jigawa, Kebbi, Sokoto, Adamawa, Taraba and Kwara. Others are Borno, Oyo, Ekiti, Edo, Nasarawa, among others. Receiving the decampees in his

office, Interim National Chairman of the APC, Chief Bisi Akande said, “APC is ready to welcome anyone who wishes to join the party. Our doors are open to all Nigerians including the the aggrieved PDP governors who are willing to join the party; we would welcome them with open arms,” he said. Speaking on behalf of the decampees, Hon. Shauibu Kakau (Niger) said they decided to join the APC because, according to him, “the

party has a future and we want to be part of it”. Earlier, Chief Akande unveiled Dr. Chris Ngige as the party’s gubernatorial candidate to fly the party’s flag at the forth coming Anambra gubernatorial election in November this year. Ngige, who won the party’s primaries in Awka, thanked the Interim Chairman, and all those who supported him to win the primaries.

Court hears Uba’s suspension suit Sept 17 By Sunday Ejike Benjamin


Federal High Court in Abuja yesterday day fixed September 17, 2013 to hear the substantive suit filed by a member, Board of Trustees (BoT) of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP), Chief Chris Uba, Anambra state PDP guber candidate, Senator Andy Uba and four others challenging their suspension from the party. Other plaintiffs in the suit are Benji Udeozor, Ejike Oguegebo,

and Anthonia Nwakwu. The trial judge, Justice A.R Mohammed fixed the date after counsel to the applicants, Taiwo Abe told the court that the respondent had served on him four different processes in response to the ones served on them. Abe prayed the court for a short adjournment in order to allow him respond to the new processes. The court noted that it would be better if the merit of the case is heard since all parties have filed

their processes and instead of adjourning for preliminary issues, it would prefer to go into the substance of the case. While agreeing with the court, counsel to PDP, Chief J.K Gadzama (SAN), prayed the court to strike out the motion ex parte before it, but however made an undertaken that the party will not do anything to over reach or tamper with the subject matter of the suit pending its determination. Counsel to the applicants did not raise any objection to the

prayer saying that if the court is satisfied with the undertaken, he is also satisfied. The court consequently struck out the motion ex parte based on the undertaken made by Gadzama from the bar. It would be recalled that the National Working Committee (NWC) of the PDP had last week suspended Uba and others for their failure to appear before it over their roles in the parallel governorship primaries conducted in the state on Saturday.

wo women, Maryam Ashiru (60 years old) and Asiya Ashiru of Kila village in Gwaram local government area of Jigawa state, have been lynched over allegations of involvement in witchcraft. The women were assaulted Tuesday night by some villagers after the death of one Abubakar Sule, suspected to have been killed in mysterious circumstances by a member of his family. Narrating the incident, Sani Ashiru, son of one of the assaulted women, Maryam, who is also a student of Sa’adatu Rimi College of Education, Kano, said the mob attacked their house and killed his aged mother and his sister following the death of Sule, who was their neighbour. He said almost three years ago, when an elder brother to Sule fell ill and died, “the family of the deceased and some persons accused our family of killing him. The matter was settled at a Sharia Court after we swore by the Holy Q’uran that we were not witches and that we were not responsible for his death.” Sani stressed that a few weeks before then, Sule took ill and his family accused the Ashiru’s of responsibility for his ill-health. “They threatened to kill all our family members if the man died and unfortunately, he died. “Shortly after his death, some members of the deceased family and other villagers attacked our house. However, before they reached our compound, virtually all had run away, leaving my helpless aged mother and my sister in the house. “The attackers, without any hesitation, killed my mother and my sister and also mutilated their bodies. They also razed our house with all our belongings inside.“ Continuing, he said: “I can swear that we are not witches. Simply because we are less-privileged, some people in the village hate us and always label us witches“. “As I am talking to you, I don’t know where my other family members are and none of the arsonists has been arrested.” He said his family cannot hire a lawyer to follow up the case but appealed to the Jigawa state government and human rights groups to assist them by “ensuring that justice is done in the matter.” The Jigawa state Police Public Relations Officer could not be reached for comments on the matter.

Police parade counterfeit currency syndicate in Yobe From Uche Uche, Damaturu.


he Yobe state Police Command yesterday paraded five persons allegedly arrested with counterfeit currencies ranging from Nigerian Naira, Ciefa, and US dollars. The state Commissioner of

Police, Sanusi Rufai, who paraded the suspects before newsmen in Damaturu said the arrest started with one Mustapha Adamu, who reported himself to the CID Division in the state capital, admitting that he had counterfeit currency in his possession. His arrest led to the arrest of

the other four suspects, Alhaji Bukar Ibrahim who was arrested in possession of N54,500, Badamasi Mohammed with N30,000 and Sani Isiaku with N500,000, all counterfeit Nigerian currency. Badamasi, he said, told the police he got the money from Alhaji Ado Iliyasu, and he cooperated in

the arrest of the said Ado in Kano, in whose possession N551,500 Nigerian currency, 22,400 US dollars and 62,00 Ciefas were found. The CP told newsmen that Sani Isiaku, the third suspect, in his confessional statement, said he got the money from one dealer in Kaduna, now at large.

Speaking further to newsmen, the police chief, who described Sani Isiaku as a habitual criminal, said the suspect has been in jail two times and that from the suspect’s confessional statement, he has been in the business for the past five years, adding that he would soon be sent to court.


Page 4 Report By Sunday Ejike Benjamin


long acknowledged problem is still dogging the growth path of the Nigerian judiciary. This is the long-drawn cases still pending in many courts in Nigeria. In some cases, suspects are arrested, detained and held beyond the stipulated period of 24 hours before they are charged to court to face trials, thus denying them their habeas corpus rights. Unfortunately, the law itself, sometimes, creates certain technical loopholes to cause delay in bringing suspects to trial. Under this condition, the rights of the helpless and even the innocent are effectively denied and trampled upon. However, the fundamental legal principle or maxim that “justice delayed is justice denied” remains valid, and the extent to which this guides the legal process is often used as a parameter to measure the maturity, strength, efficiency and quick dispensation of justice in any country. The notorious, but celebrated case of Lagos state vs Hamza Al-Mustapha & Anor is a contemporary example of justice delayed; the case dragged on for almost a decade and half before it was finally dispensed. Of course, if legal redress is available for a party that has suffered some injury, but is not forthcoming in a timely fashion, it is effectively the same as having no redress at all. This principle is the basis for the right to a speedy trial and similar rights, which are meant to expedite the legal process, because it is unfair for the injured party to have to sustain the injury with little hope for resolution. Nothing perhaps can illustrate the disillusionment regarding the delivery of justice in this country as the widely reported lamentation of Justice Okechukwu Okeke who recently retired from the Federal High Court. Speaking at a reception on his retirement, Okeke informed his audience that 35,000 cases were pending in his court when he was presiding at the Federal


Need for quick dispensation of justice in Nigeria High Court. He said he learnt that the number had since gone up to about 70,000 since he left; yet, only one judge still presided over the cases. In his words: “Even if it means only mentioning the cases and taking dates, can a single judge attend to the whole matters in a day?” No doubt, with the albatross of 35,000 cases hanging over his shoulder, the tortuousness of his service was best left to the outsider’s imagination. Okeke is just one of many judges to have gone through similar experiences. The learned Judge hit the nail on its head by his simple

recipe for corruption. So, those who believe that the Nigerian judiciary has become tainted with the pervasive corruption in the land have a strong factor in their favour. When that factor is laced with the cumbersome processes of court; the often cramp courtrooms and court environment; the absence of facilities, the unreliability of power supply (both from the Power Holding Company of Nigeria and the generators), the malfunctioning air-conditioning systems, the tedious long-hand recording of proceedings by the judges; the non-availability of legal research assistants and the predisposition

There must be a way around the ready exploitation of countless loopholes by which some lawyers cover up their inadequacies or unpreparedness by seeking and obtaining adjournments endlessly. deduction that the increase in the number of cases pending in law courts is attributable to shortage of judges and high rate of litigation. Obviously, that inference is begging for official acknowledgment as a reason for the slow machinery of justice dispensation. But a situation whereby a judge battles with 35,000 cases is a

of the judges, as human beings, to these looming factors, the result is anybody’s guess. But this certainly is in dissonance with smooth administration of justice. The judiciary is continually under scrutiny and test of performance and reliability. Fortunately for the institution, it has continued to survive as the last hope of Nigerians despite

Chief Justice of Nigeria, Justice Mariam Aloma Mukhtar the serious reputational bashing it has also suffered in the recent past. There must be a way around the ready exploitation of countless loopholes by which some lawyers cover up their inadequacies or unpreparedness by seeking and obtaining adjournments endlessly. The burden of delayed trial of cases and its opposite, the necessity of accelerated hearing, lies exclusively with the judiciary. The judiciary must discharge this burden with dispatch, with a cue taken from the recent case in the United States that was decided recently. For kidnaping three women and holding them captive for over a decade in his Ohio home, Cleveland in the United States, Ariel Castro, 53, was sentenced to 1,000 years in prison with no chance of parole last week. Castro was jailed for an aggravated murder charge laid against him, including forcibly terminating the pregnancies of one of his captives. The judge also imposed stiff penalties for hundreds of other charges, including rape. Castro was arrested in early May this year after one of his victims named Amanda Berry, 27, managed to escape with her six-year-old daughter by calling out to a neighbour for help through a locked front door on May 6. Castro was subsequently charged to court by June to face a 977-criminal count charge of kidnaping, rape, sexual abuses, violence, threats to inflict violence, chaining, inducing illegal abortion, starving his victims, and other forms of

degrading treatment, etc. He pleaded guilty to the 937 counts in exchange for life in prison without the possibility of parole, plus 1,000 years. This case also showed something more critical for legal policy consideration in Nigeria: that the crimes of kidnaping, raping and other forms of infliction of bodily harm on fellow human beings should attract severe penalty. The light sentence given to rape offenders and others shows the cavalier and permissive attitude towards these blighting social problems. These crimes involve denial of fundamental human rights which should be held inviolable by the society, government and especially the judiciary. Government should also assume responsibility for compensating and rehabilitating the victims of these crimes. Given that law reform is slow and often expensive, there must be a way to identify the more inglorious of such archaic laws and bring them to civilisation, or dispense with them altogether. Importantly, there must be a way — indeed a conscious effort must be exerted — to ensure fairness of trial, and accordance of due respect to accused persons in the course of trial. Nothing must be allowed to trample on Section 36(5) of the 1999 Constitution, to the effect that an accused person is presumed innocent until his guilt is proven by a court of competent jurisdiction. The challenges are not going to be solved through kneejerk approach, but through articulately thought-through measures.



News New PDP emerges in Borno

From Mustapha Isah Kwaru, Maiduguri


faction of the opposition Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in Borno state yesterday backed the Alhaji Abubakar Kawu Baraje-led newPDP even as it is set to inaugurate its factional state executive council. The Borno state chapter of the new-PDP had also passed a vote of no confidence on the current Baba Basharu-led PDP state exco, describing it as sharing the same high-handed approach allegedly known of Alhaji Bamanga Tukur, the PDP national chairman. Speaking to newsmen shortly after a meeting of the breakaway PDP in Maiduguri, Comrade Sayinna Buba, a chairman of the Borno state PDP field workers, who had also been nominated the interim chairman of the new-PDP, said the new factional leadership would soon be inaugurated in the state. According to Buba, the formation of the new-PDP came at a time when members of the party in Borno state were yearning for an end to the self-serving leadership ‘imposed’ on them via a ‘kangaroo’ congress officiated by the current Minister of State for Agriculture, Alhaji Bukar Tijjani. “Following our meeting here in Maiduguri, yesterday, I was mandated by our esteemed members to announce our support to the new-PDP faction under Alhaji Kawu Baraje”. ‘This is necessitated by the fact that PDP members in Borno state have suffered untold hardship and this is the apt time we’ve been waiting for to reorganize our party base on the spirit shared long ago by our founding fathers who formed this party. “It should be noted that I and many of us in this new movement were founding members of PDP since when it was being formed under professor Jerry Gana and we knew everything and how things went wrong. So we are hundred percent behind Kawu Baraje’s faction,” Buba said.

L–R: Minister of Agriculture, Mr. Akinwumi Adesina, Vice-President Muhammad Namadi Sambo, and Chairman, Nigeria Economic Summit Group (NESG), Mr. Foluso Phillips, during the closing ceremony of 19th Nigeria Economic Summit, yesterday in Abuja. Photo: Joe Oroye

Tukur’s PDP lacks justice and fairness, says Kwankwaso K From Edwin Olofu, Kano

ano state Governor, Rabi’u Musa Kwankwaso, has declared that the ‘old’ Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) leadership lacks justice and fairness, alleging that the party leadership was tilted to serve the interests of few selected individuals within the party against the yearnings and aspirations of millions of ordinary Nigerians. Kwankwaso, who stated this at a stakeholders meeting of elders and leaders of PDP in Kano held at the Government House yesterday, said the old PDP leadership has subjected other party faithful to various forms of intimidation. He argued that this is the right

time to bring changes and reform the party so that it can serve the interests of the masses. He said his group was determined to bring change and reform after realizing the weaknesses and lopsidedness in the party in their efforts to bring party members together in the country. According to him, the G7 has concluded plans to make PDP a better party, pointing out that the birth of the new PDP is a good omen for millions of party members, particularly, those at the grassroots level. He accused the Bamanga Tukur-led PDP of disregarding the Constitution and manifesto

of the PDP. “Having realized the weaknesses of the party, we decided to rescue it and make it a better party,” he said. Kwankwaso listed the grouse of the G7 to include crises in the Rivers and Adamawa PDP, election of the Nigeria Governors Forum where 19 governors elected Governor Rotimi Amaechi. “We did all we could to make them know the truth, but it didn’t work.” “We have been drawing the attention of PDP national headquarters to Kano, especially, in the area of appointments, but to no avail,” adding that party politics is about interest and upholding the virtues of internal democracy.

“Therefore, we are calling on our party at the national headquarters to do the right thing, we cannot fold our arms to witness the drifting of leadership in our great party,” adding that it was because of the undemocratic antics of the Bamanga Tukur-led PDP that made the G7 to converge at the Musa Yar’Adua Centre and elect, “the authentic party executives led by Kawu Baraje.” Kwankwaso who passed a vote of no-confidence on the Bamanga Tukur-led PDP said the new PDP as it is structured needs somebody that is tested and trusted, while appealing to other PDP governors to join the G7 in their bids to reform and reposition the party.

Nigerians should decide revenue sharing formula -Shagari From Mahmud Muhammad, Sokoto


econd Republic President, Shehu Shagari has said that it was too late asking people to bring their new ideas regarding revenue sharing formula, saying

the idea should be left open to the general public to decide. The elder statesman, who stated this yesterday when he received delegations of the Revenue and Mobilization Allocation and Fiscal

Commission(RMAFC) led by the Chairman of the Commission Engr. Elias. N. Nbam. He said it was a good initiative which should be suggested by the Nigerian populace. Shagari also said the issue

Nigeria to assist Kenya in oil exploration


he Federal Government has indicated interest in helping Kenya manage its fossils resources, following the discovery of oil in that country by London listed multinational, Tullow Oil, in March Tullow Oil again discovered oil in commercial quantity in July thereby raising hopes of the country to join the league of oil producers, including Uganda, Tanzania, Mozambique on the East African block. Kenyan oil reserves estimates is

about 368 million barrels. Nigerian High Commissioner to Kenya, Mr. Akin Oyateru, gave government’s offer yesterday in Nairobi, hours before President Goodluck Jonathan arrived Nairobi on a three-day state visit to Kenya. According to Oyateru, Nigeria which has comparative advantage in the oil industry, will be willing to assist that country in several ways, including training and capacity building as well drafting of

legislations. “We will assist in exchanging ideas, collaborate and cooperate in the area of training and capacity building, while staying focused on the expansion of co-operations between the two countries,” Oyateru said, adding that Nigeria will also tap from the broad knowledge of Kenya in the areas of horticulture, floriculture, dairy production, hospitality and tourism.

should be advertised, so that people could make or contribute and comment on the development. “We are in democracy there are views covering such decision. Government should make it public. It is too late asking people

to bring this new idea,”he said. Earlier, the RMAFC, chairman, said the commission was embarking on the review of the revenue formula, which it believes the input of stakeholders would be expedient.

Customs officer shoots self in Katsina

From Lawal Saidu Funtua, Katsina Customs officer with the Katsina Command of the Nigeria Customs Service, Mr. Apollo was critically wounded as a result of gun shots he received when a riffle he was carrying allegedly went off. Our correspondent gathered that the incident occured Wednesday evening. A source indicated that the


injured officer was rushed to the Federal Medical Centre (FMC), Katsina from where he were referred to the Orthopeadic Hospital in Kano for further treatment. When contacted the Katsina Customs Command spokesman, Muhammad Giade, confirmed the incident.




Desert Herald publisher slumps in court By Evelyn Okakwu


Publisher of Desert Herald, Malam Tukur Mamu (middle), being assisted after he fainted, yesterday at the Wuse Zone 2 Magistrates Court, in Abuja. Photo: Mahmud Isa

Police disburse N51m to Adamawa, Kano slain officers’ families From Umar Dankano, Yola & Edwin Olofun, Kano


he Adamawa state police command has disbursed N16,340,000 to families of police officers who lost their lives during official engagements in the state. Police Public Relations Officer (PPRO) of the command, DSP Muhammad Ibrahim, said in a press statement in Yola yesterday. The statement said that Commissioner of Police Godfrey E.

Okeke, presented cheques to 43 affected families of the command, on behalf of the Inspector-General of Police. “These cheques amounting to N16,340,000 is for the 43 families of our departed police officers who paid the supreme sacrifice in protecting lives and property of our good citizens, and for our gallant officers who sustained various degrees of injuries while carrying out their lawful duties”, the statement explained.

And, in Kano, the Assistant Inspector-General of Police incharge of Zone one, David Omojola, yesterday presented the sum of N35.7 million to the 91 families of police officers who lost their lives during Boko Haram bloody attacks in Kano. Omojola said that was the third batch of victims’ families being assisted by the command. He explained that the money, which is an insurance coverage for the officers and men, is meant to alleviate the sufferings of the deceased families

and those who sustained injuries at various times in the course of their duties. According to him, the money should not be seen as compensation to the families of the deceased because no amount of money can bring back those who lost their lives or sustained injuries in the course of service. Omojola explained that one of the deceased families received a cheque to the tune of N1 million while the least received N100,000.

Niger to jail anti polio immunisation preachers From Yakubu Mustapha, Minna


iger state government has announced that those evading polio immunisation or trying to stop children from being immunised against the child killer disease may go to jail. The government has therefore amended the Niger State Health

Care Development Agency law to provide for 10 years jail term or N100,000 fine for any cleric found guilty of preaching against the immunisation of children. The Attorney General and Commissioner for Justice, Alhaji Abdullahi Bawa Wuse, who disclosed this at a post State Executive Council media briefing yesterday.

He also noted that the amended law has provided for six months imprisonment or N50,000 fine for anyone who refused to be immunised or disallowed his ward from being vaccinated. Wuse noted that check points are to be set up in strategic locations in the 25 local government areas of the state where children being brought

into the state are to be immunised, notwithstanding whether or not they have been vaccinated from their former residence. He said that government was taking the measures to ensure compliance with the polio eradication policy and to achieve 100 per cent coverage of the immunisation campaign.

the country at large, urged to use the media as campaign tool for educating and enlightening the public on importance of sustaining immunisation of children in the state . Acknowledging the role of the media in the fight against polio, she commended the members of JAP for their unrelenting efforts and activities in the struggle to ensure that Kaduna state meets up with the national target to interrupt polio tramission in Nigeria by December 2013. In remarks at the event

, Kaduna Deputy Governor, Nuhu Bajoga thanked WHO JAP and other health agencies

for their support to help Kaduna maintain a polio-free status.

…As media executives, WHO celebrate polio-free Kaduna From Femi Oyelola, Kaduna


n a bid to consolidate on the success achieved in maintaining a polio-free status in Kaduna state, the World Health Organisation (WHO), in collaboration with Journalists Against Polio (JAP) have a parley yesterday with media executives in the state. Speaking at the occasion, Dr. Furere Zakari of WHO who spoke on the need for the media and relevant health organisations to join forces to kick polio out of the state and

he publisher of a Kadunabased magazine, Desert Herald, Malam Tukur Mamu, was arraigned before an Abuja Magistrates Court yesterday on charges of criminal extortion and blackmail. The publisher was arrested following allegations that he had attempted to defraud the Federal Capital Territory Administration (FCTA) to the tune of N15 million, an attempt that was rebuffed by the FCT Minister, Senator Bala Mohammed. The publisher was said to have responded to the action of the FCT administration with publications against the minister. Mamu was also reported to have slumped while a constitutional provision on the implication of his action was being read. Mamu was arrested by the police on Tuesday at his Kaduna office and detained at the Force CID headquarters, Abuja. Tukur The presiding Judge, e Tony Ubani, ordered the police to take him to hospital for medical examination and treatment in protective custody.

Sokoto builds N33bn border market From Mahmoud Muhammad, Sokoto


okoto state government has concluded plans to construct a N33 billion international border market at Illela local government area of the state. Government said the international market will be strategically located at Illela considering its commercial relevance, especially as the area shares borders with Niger Republic, and serves as a major local trans-border sales route. The Chief Executive Officer of the construction firm, Saidu Muhammad, said the market will be completed within two years under a Public-PrivatePartnership arrangement (PPP). Speaking at the commissioning of the project, Governor Aliyu Wamakko, who was represented by the Commissioner for Commerce, Alhaji Aliyu Achida, described the idea as a welcome development.

Group asks FG to apologise to sacked minister


uman Right Writers’ Association of Nigeria (HURIWA) has condemned the president’s reason for sacking the former Minister of Youth Affairs, Alhaji Abdulkadir Inuwa. The group described government’s explanation as “deceitful and absurd”. The group in a statement y its National Coordinator, Comrade

Emmanuel Onwubiko, and the National Media Affairs Director, Zainab Yusuf, said it was wrong for President Jonathan to anchor the removal of the former Minister on the premise that he failed to provide leadership for smooth conduct of the election of the National youth council of Nigeria. “It was a serious symptom of

dictatorship that the Nigerian president elected and sworn in democratically under a democratic constitution could order the public disgrace of his cabinet member through a press statement endorsed by a low profile official in the office of the secretary to the government of the federation even without the president extending to him.



8 death row convicts escape from Daura prison From Lawal Sa’idu Funtua, Katsina eports from Katsina said that eight condemned criminals on death row have escaped from the Daura Prison.


Sources close to the prison said that the convicts took advantage of heavy rainfall in the area on Tuesday night to escape. It was gathered that they may have been working on their escape plan as they dug a deep

underground ditch from where they escaped. It was also gathered that all efforts to re-arrest the runaway criminals have failed as a search party dispatched by the prison authorities to re-capture them came back empty handed.

When our correspondent visited the Katsina prison command, a Deputy Controller of Prisons said that, “I am not authorised to speak. You know everybody has his own limitations and therefore it is not my mandate to speak.”

L-R: Zamfara state Governor, Alhaji Abdulazeez Yari, and Yobe state Governor, Malam Ibrahim Gaidam, after a meeting of leaders of the All Progressives Congress (APC), yesterday in Abuja.

Oil bloc buyers may lose licensing rights - NNPC

By Abdulwahab Isa, with agency report he Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) has threatened to take over operating rights of the willing investors interested in oil bloc being divested by Chevron, if they refuse to show serious commitment. The US-based Chevron is


selling minority stakes in joint venture that operate five oil blocs. The majority owner is the NNPC. Nigeria wants more direct ownership of its oil and gas through NNPC or local firms, leading several oil majors including Chevron to dispose of assets in Africa’s top oil and gas producer. NNPC in a published notice

yesterday said that there had been a ”recent high level of interest shown by various investors in the ongoing divestment programme for OMLs 52, 53 and 55 by Chevron Nigeria.” It reminded, those considering investing that, although Chevron currently operates the blocs, the state oil firm has the right to take over the operatorship as majority

shareholder. Chevron owns 40 percent of the blocs and NNPC 60 per cent. “Chevron shall cease to be the operator upon assignment of their participating interest. “Therefore prospective buyers should note that automatic operatorship does not come with the acquisition of any of these blocks.”

…Says gas revolution to drive economic growth

By Etuka Sunday


he Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) yesterday said the current Gas Revolution Agenda of the Federal Government would be well directed towards the nation’s economic growth. This was disclosed by the

Minister of Petroleum Resources, Mrs. Diezani Alison-Madueke, at a plenary session of the 19th Nigerian Economic Summit titled, “Building a World Class Petrochemical and Fertilizer Industry in Nigeria.” The minister said the need to get the gas sector to drive the economy necessitated the

excision of some key areas of the Gas Master Plan from the PIB for accelerated implementation under the Gas Revolution Agenda. She added that the programme has begun to yield dividends with plans for the establishment of a number of new fertiliser plants at advanced stage.

A statement by the Acting Group General Manager, Group Public Affairs Division, Tumini Green, said the minister disclosed that with most of the fertiliser plants billed to come on stream by 2017, Nigeria is being positioned to control 10 per cent of global fertiliser market by 2017.

Kano destroys N3bn fake drugs From Edwin Olofu,Kano


he Kano state government said it has confiscated and destroyed fake and adulterated drugs worth over N3 billion within the last one year. The Commissioner for Health, Dr. Abubakar Labaran, stated this at the Fifth Annual Symposium of the Association of Industrial Pharmacists of

Nigeria (AIPN) in Kano. He said the measure was necessary in order to check the distribution and sale of substandard drugs as well as curb the menace of drug abuse prevalent among the youths in the state. “This is no way a small achievement as the state government through its task

force on Counterfeit Drugs has made the environment for illegal importers of fake drugs very hot now. “The sole aim of this is to ensure that members of the public are provided with standard drugs”, he said. According to him, government was implementing Drug Revolving Fund Scheme in

500 health facilities across the state as part of renewed effort to check the distribution and sales of sub-standard drugs. He charged members of the public to report any suspected activity that contravened the state laws on the sale and distribution of the commodity to the taskforce for appropriate action.


Gunmen kill 20 in fresh Borno attack

From Mustapha Isah Kwaru, Maiduguri t least 20 people were reportedly killed in two separate attacks by insurgents suspected to be Boko Haram members on Wednesday night and in the early hours of yesterday at Gajiram, headquarters of Nganzai local government as well as Buabilin Ngaura of Konduga local government area, witnesses told newsmen. The insurgents have been visiting their anger on local communities for allegedly exposing them to security forces. The attackers were said to have stormed Gajiram on Wednesday night and attacked the town which resulted in the death of 10 people. Residents of the areas who came to Maiduguri said the assailants came into the town around 10 pm and ransacked the area till 2 am before they left the town. As at the time of filing this report, some of the villagers who ran into the bush are yet to return to their homes. In yesterday’s attack on Bulabilin Ngaura, a resident of the area who came to Maiduguri, Babagoni Bahir, said that, “five people were killed when insurgents attacked the town around 10 am.” It was also gathered that the state Attorney General and Commissioner for justice, Kaka Shehu has gone to Gajiram, headquarters of Gajiram, to commiserate with residents over the incidents. When the spokesman of the JTF, Lt-Col Sagir Musa, was contacted on the incident, he said he was going to issue a statement.


Sokoto flood victims sell allocated houses ...Govt moves to retrieve properties

From Mahmoud Muhammad, Sokoto he Silame local government area of Sokoto state yesterday set- up a 10-man committee to recover some of the 250 houses built for the September 2010 flood victims in the area by the state government which had been reportedly sold by some of the beneficiaries. Government had built 1000 units of two-bedroom flats for the victims of the disaster in Gada, Goronyo and Silame local councils at a total cost of over N3.8 billion. Peoples Daily however learnt that some of the beneficiaries in Silame local government sold their houses for as low as between N50,000 to N80,000. The council Chairman, Alhaji Mani Katami, told our correspondent in Silame yesterday that the committee has the District Head of Silame, Alhaji Ahmed Bawa, as chairman, while the Director of Works, Alhaji Abdulkadir Jelani, is the secretary. According to him, “the committee will identify the number of the people who have occupied their allocated houses and those who have not.” The chairman who confirmed the sale of the houses by some of the beneficiaries described their action as, unpatriotic.



News BRIEFS No more payments for uncompleted constituency projects – Minister


he Minister of Special Duties and Inter-governmental Affairs, Kabiru Turaki, on Tuesday said there would be no more payment for uncompleted constituency projects. The minister, who said this while speaking with newsmen in Abuja, explained that his ministry was repositioning its machinery to ensure effective completion of projects before payments were made.


Lagos pays N943m pension to retirees From Adesoji Oyinlola, Lagos


agos state government has presented Retirement Bond Certificates worth N943,146 to retirees under the Contributory Pension Scheme, in line with its avowed commitment to making life better for its former employees. The Director-General, Lagos

State Pension Commission, Mr. Rotimi Adekunle Hussain, made the presentation on behalf of Governor Babatunde Fashola, at the National Employers’ Consultative Association (NECA) auditorium. About 2000 drawn mainly from the Local Government Service benefitted from the programme which was remitted into the

retirement savings accounts of the affected persons. Hussain reiterated that the government has continued to show commitment to the welfare of its workers and retirees as well. He said that government had ensured the payment of a total sum of N18 billion to retirees. While describing the retirees as very special people, Hussain noted

that the Commission specifically organized the Mini-Bond presentation ceremony in order to assuage the pains they have gone through when their files were delayed at the local government. He said that plans were ongoing for the presentation of Bond to the 9th batch of retirees under the Contributory Pension Scheme in Lagos state.

Hajj: Lagos has 3,120 intending pilgrims


agos state Government yesterday said no fewer than 3, 120 intending pilgrims from the state will be airlifted to the Holy city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia for this year’s Hajj exercise. Commissioner for Information and Strategy, Mr. Aderemi Ibirogba, and the Secretary of the pilgrims’ welfare board, Alhaji Sanusi Kamal, who spoke on preparation for the 2013 hajj yesterday, said that all arrangements had been concluded to commence a hitch-free airlifting of the intending pilgrims. According to Kamal, “the first flight from the state to Mecca is scheduled for Saturday Sept 14th and it will be concluded on September 19th.” From Gabriel Johnson, Lagos

CLO, CDHR slam Ogun govt


ivil Liberties Organisation (CLO) and Committee for Defence of Human Rights (CDHR) have accused the Ogun state government of gross impunity and human rights abuse. At a press briefing in Lagos yesterday, the CLO Executive Director, Ibuchukwu Ohabuenyi, accused the government of illegally demolishing a fuel station belonging to Alhaji Musa Maruf, at Ogun Waterside area despite the fact that the case is still pending in a court. The CLO queried the right of government to carry out the action on a registered landed property and revoke the Certificate of Occupancy of the beneficiary without due compensation or relocation. The rights groups accused governor Amosun of being “notorious” for illegal demolition of properties of its hapless citizens. The organisations cited the demolition of the gulf course estate in Abeokuta, owned by chief Kola Akpagun, who later committed suicide. From Mariam Nurudeen, Lagos

Media executives having breakfast with Kaduna state Deputy Governor, Ambassador Nuhu Bajoga Audu. The which was organised by Journalists Against Polio JAP/ WHO, yesterday in Kaduna

Hajj: NDLEA warns pilgrims against drug trafficking From James Ogunnaike, Abeokuta


gun state Commander, National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA), Mr. Abdullahi Sardauna, has called on intending Muslim pilgrims from the state to avoid getting involved in drug trafficking and peddling. The commander who gave

the advice yesterday in Abeokuta, while addressing intending pilgrims at a workshop organised by the Ogun state Muslim Pilgrims Welfare Board, declared, “the act of trafficking illicit drugs as a sin before Allah. “You have to avoid drug trafficking and prohibited items to the Holy land of Mecca and Medina,” he said. Sarduana warned that any

intending pilgrim found to be in unlawful possession of any category of hard drugs for whatever purpose from Nigeria to the Holy land would face the wrath of law. He further warned the intending pilgrims that, “when offence of hard drugs is established against anybody, it attracts punishment of between 15 years and 20 years imprisonment with forfeiture of all the assets of the

person to the Federal Government of Nigeria.” The NDLEA boss warned that the offence also attracts the death penalty in Saudi Arabia, “if you carry any narcotic drug or psychotropic substances to Saudi Arabia and you are caught. “If you check the visa in your international pilgrims passports, it is boldly written there. We should all be careful.”

Oil marketers condemn crude oil theft From Ayodele Samuel, Lagos


he Independent Petroleum Marketers Association of Nigeria (IPMAN) has condemned activities of pipeline vandals and crude oil theft in the country. The marketers who spoke

at the end of their National Executive Committee (NEC) meeting in Lagos said pipeline vandalism and crude oil theft have been a great challenge for optimum output from the nation’s refineries. The group, in a communiqué signed by its National Secretary, Mr. Mike Osatuyi, commended the

Minister of Petroleum Resources, Mrs. Dezani Alison-Madueke’s efforts at tackling the menace. According to the communiqué, “despite the challenge of pipeline vandals and oil thieves, Nigeria’s crude oil production has stabilised to between two to 2.4 million barrels per day under Madueke.”

The union listed some of the achievements to include, “the steady and unbroken stability in the supply of petroleum products throughout the country in the last four months and the unveiling of the Nigerian Content Act recently signed into law by President Goodluck Jonathan”.

Edo community warns on relocation of university’s College of Medicine From Osaigbovo Iguobaro, Benin


he Esan community has urged the Edo state government to shelve its move to relocate the College of Medicine of the Ambrose Ali University from Ekpoma, Iyamho, the hometown of

Governor Adams Oshiomhole, in Etsako West local government area. According to the Esan Elders Forum (EEF) in a statement yesterday in Benin-City, the community would lose about 1,500 jobs if the college is relocated. The statement signed by

the group’s Secretary, Julius Akpede, said that government should embark on the building of a befitting teaching hospital and address the problems that led to the closure of the Centre for Strategic Sstudies along with the reported indefinite sanction on the Department of Laboratory Sciences from admitting

students, by the National university commission (NUC). The statement also expressed worry over what it described as the dwindling student population of the university, noting that from a population of about 65,000 when the administration came into office, the population has gone as low as 25,000.



News Extra Nigeria’s farming reforms still face hurdles, say companies

By Joe Brock


igeria is reforming its farming sector to bolster production and draw investment but companies this week said more needs to be done to tackle entrenched corruption, poor infrastructure and rogue government agencies. Nigeria’s annual economic summit focused on agriculture for the first time, in line with President Goodluck Jonathan’s commitment to fixing Nigeria’s biggest employer. Agriculture Minister Akinwumi Adesina, who has been praised by donors and businesses for his efforts, was keen to stress the success of reforms began two years ago. He said subsidies used to reduced the cost of fertiliser for farmers were not longer managed by corrupt politicians but instead were given directly to farmers. He said food imports had fallen by 850 billion naira ($5.2 billion) and food production was up by 8 million tonnes, helping to create 2.2 million new jobs. The government wants to add 20 million tonnes of domestic food production by 2020 and rice, corn, sorghum, palm oil and cocoa have already increased, Adesina said. The world’s second-largest importer of rice, Nigeria aims to become self-sufficient by 2015 after introducing a 100 percent tax on polished rice imports this year, likely to mostly affect countries like India, Thailand and Brazil. Security sources and farmers have said one backlash has been a rise in smuggling of rice and sugar from neighbouring countries and into ports. Higher cassava output has been used to make flour, reducing wheat imports mostly from the United States by almost 9 percent, Adesina said, who noted bank lending to agriculture had risen to

Rice farm

• Government in big push to reform farming • Firms say graft, poor infrastructure slowing progress • Agriculture is biggest employer, 40 pct of economy

A young girl assising her mother in the farm 25 billion naira this year from just Syngenta and brewer SABMiller, while Dangote Sugar and others 3.5 billion in 2012. Duties on agricultural are investing more. However, many companies equipment have been scrapped and tax breaks given to companies asked to speak at the summit willing to invest in both farming gave a less rosy picture, saying and industrial processes, as state and local governments still extort unofficial payments, well. The country’s reforms have while officials at ports and drawn new foreign investors such customs either worked around food giant Cargill, seed company government policies or outright ignored them. Confusing laws on land, much of which is owned or claimed by government officials, also mean it is difficult to expand. That has left 60 percent of Nigeria’s arable land fallow, farmers say. Rhetoric Vs Action “We’re still battling with the basics; visa processing times, port delays, access to credit, transport systems. Rhetoric is all we are getting. It’s time to walk the walk,” said Alan Jack, managing director of Shonga Farms, a mainly poultry and milk farming group which supplies the Lagos branch of Kentucky Fried Chicken, owned by Yum! Brands. Jack said imported chicken from Brazil cost 135 naira per kilo, while a chick in Nigeria cost 180 naira, making government plans to emulate its South American rival unrealistic. “Ports would scare the life

out of anyone. It’s the worst thing about your system,” said Calvin Burgess, chief executive of Dominion Farms, a U.S.-owned firm looking to farm rice in Taraba state. He said $10 million of agriculture equipment was delayed for almost a year because customs and other agencies sought bribes and noted Dominion had operated in Kenya for 10 years “without anything like these problems”. The government says port reform is a key policy, but investors say progress is slow. Industry players were also critical of Nigeria’s dilapidated road network and troubled power supply noting it is often more profitable to ship produce to the U.K. rather than transport it from Lagos in the south to the biggest northern city, Kano. “We don’t benefit from any infrastructure put in place. We have to build our own roads and provide our own electricity,” said Gbenga Oyebode, chairman of palm oil firm Okomu Palm, said. Africa’s most populous country is privatising much of its power sector, which should help improve electricity shortages that hurt the agriculture sector.

Minister of Agric, Dr Akinwumi Adesina Nigeria’s reforms are needed to reduce reliance on a struggling oil sector and cut a $11 billion food import bill. “We see efforts but do we know these policies will be long term?” said Paul Gbededo, chief executive of FlourMills of Nigeria, one of the country’s largest agriculture firms. “Every level of government must be committed.” Source:




iven the decay in the Nigerian educational system and the low grading of our universities, we least expected our university teachers to go on strike at this time. Unfortunately, they have embarked on a strike, since July 4, that has crippled the university system for two months now. If the university dons stand condemned for worsening the hubbub in the ivory towers, the government of President Goodluck Jonathan equally stands condemned for its refusal to resolve the standoff. The biggest evidence of government’s lack of serious commitment to sorting out the mess can be seen in the appointment of Gabriel Torwua Suswam, the governor of Benue state, to the oddly named office of “chairman, Needs Implementation Committee”. Before his election to the House of Representatives in 1999, Gabriel Suswam had no record of public service and certainly none in the university system. On March 22, 2005, President Olusegun Obasanjo in a nationwide broadcast fingered Suswam (then chairman of the House Appropriation

Committee) as a key participant in a N55 million ‘bribe for budget scam’. The bribery concerned the education ministry where Professor Fabian Osuji presided as minister. He was sacked. In typical Nigerian style, we never heard of that scandal again. Two years later, Suswam emerged as the PDP gubernatorial


ASUU and Suswam’s committee

It is our considered opinion that Suswam is a wrong choice for this job. candidate for Benue state. His four year term as governor was scandal besotted with public school teachers going on strike for a whole year amidst allegations of sleaze and squandermania against the government he headed. Suswam’s bid for a second term in 2011 attracted another storm of allegations. The most scandalous one was raised by one Chigozie Ukpabi who squealed on Suswam, saying he helped the governor falsify the WASC results he used in getting admission to read law

OUR MISSION “To be the market place of ideas and the leading player in the industry by putting the people first, upholding the truth, maintaining the highest professional and ethical standards while delivering value to our stakeholders”

in UNILAG. The multiple court cases over this allegation are still in court. To be fair, Suswam has not been convicted by any court of law in respect of the scandals attributed to him by Olusegun Obasanjo and his numerous other traducers. In the court of public opinion, however, there are many unanswered questions about his public life. Given the sensitive nature of the strike which has crippled our university system, a credibility conscious president should have been more circumspect in giving this assignment to Suswam. There are too many smears on his personal toga. We have a thousand and one other Nigerians out there who have the clout that could be the country’s magic wand in these difficult times. We find it instructive that late last month, Dr. Nasir Isa Fagge, the ASUU president, substantially accused the Suswam committee of “pinching and pilfering” in his last letter to the committee’s chair. It is our considered opinion that Suswam is a wrong choice for this job. Nigerians expect a more credible person to get us out of this mess.











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Opinion Gani Fawehinmi: Four years after? By Jiti Ogunye


n September 5, four years ago this country lost one of iconic figures, Gani Fawehinmi. He was a first class legal practitioner, law researcher and publisher; an inimitable human rights crusader, a principled social critic and a selfless fighter for democracy ; a sincere philanthropist and humanist; and an uncommon peoples’ politician. Indeed, he was a statesman that never occupied any public office in his life time but who demonstrated statesmanship, patriotism and love for country than many persons who did occupy public offices. By his audacious and very risky struggles against military dictatorships and for the enthronement of democratic governance in Nigeria, he contributed to state-building in Nigeria more than many politicians who actually occupied political offices in Nigeria, from the First Republic to the current era of civil rule. In the past four years since his painful transition, the Nigerian human rights community, civil society and the Bar missed his incredible leadership, mentorship and pace-setting in the sphere of initiation and dogged pursuit of public interest litigations that positively shape the development of the rule of law, strengthen human

rights jurisprudence, and deepen constitutionalism. Nigerians have missed Gani’s valuable contribution to the search for a better society, his credible voice in the arena of social activism, and critical interventions in socioeconomic and political discourses. How would Gani have reacted to the succession crisis that engulfed the country in the wake of the illness and death of President Umaru Musa Yar’adua? How would he have taken the “doctrine of necessity” - that constitutional innovation – that resolved the logjam? What would have been his position on the 2011 elections, the violence and bloodshed that attended the declaration of results, and the Boko Haram insurgency? What would have been his reaction to the declaration of a state of emergency in the North-eastern States? What would have been his role and legal challenge to the removal of the fuel subsidy by President Jonathan on January 1st, 2012, the spontaneous mass protests that followed? And how would Gani have reacted to the rash of desperate amendments of the criminal law, by States in the South-South and South East of Nigeria, to provide the death penalty for the offence of kidnapping or abduction, especially with arms; and the practice of demolition of houses ( including hotels) owned, resided in or used

as detention camps by alleged kidnappers, on the orders of State Governors, without any legislative backing or order of court? What of the issue of the emoluments and allowances of our legislators, locally and internationally declared to be the highest in the world, and the obstinacy of the legislators to continue with the legislooting? What could he have done to stop further payments of the allowances and salaries unless and until there is a disclosure and an ascertainment that the payments are in strict compliance with the law and the Constitution? How would he take the new appetite for foreign loans, after the celebrated escape of Nigeria from the foreign debt trap, under Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, who was the inspiration behind the “payment of a substantial portion of debt for forgiveness of all” policy of the Obasanjo Presidency, who, ironically, is now the chief promoter of the new borrowing spree, under the dubious rationalization that Nigeria is under-borrowing? Would Gani recall that he had to institute an action in the Federal High Court to stop the payment of the salaries of Okonjo-Iweala and then foreign affairs minister, in foreign currency? What would be his reaction to the chairmanship election in the Nigeria Governors Forum, where 19 votes were deemed less than

16, and the recognition given the Jonah Jang Faction of the NGF by the Presidency? What of the Rivers State House of Assembly Crisis and the roles Governor Rotimi Amaechi, the Police, the Presidency, the National Assembly, and the PDP are playing in the crisis? How would Gani have reacted to the judgment of the Court of Appeal, Lagos Division, reversing the sentence of death earlier passed on Major Hamza Al Mustapha and Alhaji Lateef Shofolahan by Hon. Justice M. Dada of the Lagos High Court, for the murder of Alhaja Kudirat Abiola in 1996; CJN Katsina Alu and Isa Ayo-Salami, PCA saga, and the renewed ongoing “effort” to rid the Judiciary of corruption and political manipulation ? If Gani were alive today, what would he say about the escalation of the war that is being waged on public education in the country by the ruling class, a war that is epitomized by the irresponsible breach, by the Federal Government of Nigeria, of collectively bargained agreements to save tertiary education, to which ASUU is forced to respond by embarking on strike action? What would be Gani’s reaction to Governor Suntai’s “ill-tight” (sit-tight) syndrome and his Taraba State ” hostages”, the worsening state of our infrastructure and social services, including healthcare delivery, the killings

in the country, the ethnic strife, the rate of unemployment, the continued looting of the treasury, bad governance, and the increasing regionalization and “zonalization” of claim to political leadership of the Country by the ruling caste, which has nothing to do with the class interests or socio-economic emancipation of the masses in the regions or zones of the Country that the regional factions of the ruling caste purport to represent? No doubt, if Gani were alive, he would have contributed to the above raised issues with his human rights and political activism, legal knowledge and resources, competence, objectivity in analysis, incisiveness and fearlessness. The point, however, is that we should stop wishing that Gani were still around to help us solve the multifarious problems of our Country. His uncommon example and imperishable works and legacy are there to be followed by those who are passionate and determined to see the emergence of a just, fair, egalitarian, truly federal and genuinely democratic Nigeria. The best way to remember and honour Chief Gani Fawehinmi is not to continue to wish he were around. It is for us to do that which he would have done were he alive. Jiti Ogunye, a constitutional and human rights lawyer, wrote in from Lagos.

Agenda for a new youth minister By Murtala Adogi Mohammed


here is a vacancy in the federal cabinet for a minister of youth development. The post became vacant as result of sacking of the former Minister of youth last month, August2013. The Ministry oversees two government agencies: National Youth Service Corps (NYSC), and the Citizenship and Leadership Training Centre also and other youth-centered initiatives with the approval of Mr. President. This is 2013, not 1983 and the kind of minister Nigerian youths want at this critical point must posses certain skills, knowledge and understanding of the contemporary youth issues and the challenges of youth unemployment and poverty as drivers of violence and conflicts. The critical thing about the Youth Ministry is that if you are not quick to understand it, you can lose track in the sense that you are not the Minister of Education, so you cannot actually make decisions about education. You are not the Minister of Health so you cannot have a special focus on youth and health issues and You are not the Minister of Justice, so you cannot begin to focus on special legislative issues for young people, and you are not the minister of labour, so you cannot do more about youth and labour related issues, at the same time Youth are

not the Minister of Agriculture so you cannot rightly addressed the issues of youth unemployment agro-scheme. That is why the in-coming minister must have networking and partnership skills to collaborate with core ministries – Education, Health Agriculture Justice, and Labour, with aims of addressing the challenges of youth development and empowerment through inter-ministerial platform. Secondly, the in-coming Minister of Youth Development as- a stand-alone Ministry must be up to date with factual statistics, studies, research and data that will usually inform his key decisions, policy direction and submission of punchy memo at the executive council for deliberation and approval. For instance one study that the Minister must be familiar with is that of British Council that was released In 2010, in a nutshell, the report revealed that Nigeria’s booming population of young people might be a great dividend for the country’s economy in the coming decades, but if the Nigerian government did not take steps to engage young people, the country might faced a “demographic disaster”. Three years down the line, the picture painted by the report is becoming more vivid as what I may call ‘the youth condition’ is worsening. Thirdly, the potential minister must develop a quick-win hugeimpact programs and projects

that would address the challenges of youth unemployment. In our country of about 170 million people, 60 per cent is youthful. It is projected that by the year 2020, Nigeria’s population will cross 200 million, and by 2050 the country would be the fifth most populous country in the world. Is it not scary to imagine a youth population in tens of millions that are engaged in the use of hard drugs, vandalism, oil theft, kidnapping, Internet fraud, prostitution, thuggery, and other vices? Also is pertinent for the Minister to have a clear understanding classes of youths we have in Nigeria such as the unemployed frustrated graduates, the under-employed graduates, the out of school youth, the never in school youth and the youths with special needs- understanding the classes of youth would help in avoiding the one-size fit all policy that has been the business as usual. Without remedial action, the crisis in the job market will worsen rapidly as growing numbers of young Nigerians enter the workforce. Nigeria needs to create almost 25 million jobs over the next ten years if it is to offer work to new entrants, and halve current unemployment. Fourthly, I think is important for the Minister to have better understanding of the need to collaborate with the private sector, civil society groups, and international development

partners. This task is very crucial it will help in leveraging development partners and private sector’s resources. There are several local and multinational businesses operating in Nigeria who have youth development programmes as part of their corporate social responsibility from scholarships to job placements. There are also a good numbers of international development organization (prominent examples include the World Bank, African Development Bank, British Council, DFID, US Embassy and USAID) that focus on youth development. The new Youth Minister must use his influence as a member of executive council and top government official to push donors and implementing partners to develop long-term, quick-impact intervention with support of youth-based organizations to provide skills and entrepreneurial trainings, job placements, business development services and conditional credit to youths Fifthly, Working together with youth both online and offline is very important for any Minister of youth that want to succeed. Therefore, the new Youth Minister will have to be a social media-guru, one who thoroughly understands the tools and ways of how social media works. This requirement is non-negotiable. A substantial part of the engagement with young Nigerians will have to be

done through blogs, Facebook, Quora, Twitter and Instagram by responding to questions raised by young Nigerians. This is 2013, not 1983! In addition, the new minister must facilitate the repositioning the youth development Ministry – specifically to sustainably increase the access of unemployed youth to entrepreneurial skills and employment opportunities for self-reliance and income security by working together with key government departments and agencies that implements projects and schemes such SURE P, NDE, SMEDAN, NAPEP, YOU-WIN and others. If Nigeria fails to empower the teeming populations of young people, the seriousness of the country’s predicament should not be underestimated. Its prospects will be bleak and could be catastrophic. Please the in-coming Minister and the Pickers of the Minister notes this! I will conclude with some of the key findings of the British Council 2010 report, which revealed that, Nigeria stands on the threshold of what could be the greatest transformation in its history. By 2030, it will be one of the few countries in the world that has young workers in plentiful supply…Youth, not oil, will be the country’s most valuable resource in the twenty-first century. Murtala Adogi Mohammed via mamurtala@



Opinion Nigeria without oil: The Aregbesola model By Erasmus Ikhide


ollowers of the style and policy drive of Osun state governor, Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola, should by now know that he holds two education and agriculture close to his heart, out of the six policy thrust of his administration. Investment in human capacity building, comprehensive education and other enablers like agriculture and job creation are the surest routes to conquering endemic poverty, arresting rural-urban migration, armed robbery and other societal vices that plague the country. This is supported by statistics across the globe which shown that those involved in obscene crimes are majorly school group-outs, jobless folks and idle minds who in turn vent their frustration on the society that made them criminals! It’s truly so. “No one is born a criminal, the society made them”. Ogbeni’s purpose in governance is clear: To use the state’s resource to better the lot of the greatest number for the greatest good of the downtrodden who are not in position to rescue themselves from the throes of excruciating poverty and unemployment. He has practically demystify and divest his administration of such wastefulness that was associated with those before him, a feat now loudly celebrated by those who initially wrote him off as an alien without a base or link to the people at the grassroots. Ogbeni is of the view that without the people, even those in government will fine it difficult to cohabit in peace. This is what most Nigerian politicians have not realised, as it were, that

of UNIOSUN, it is in their Aregbesola enlightened self said the interests to govern decision to for the people Peoples Daily welcomes your letters, opinion articles, send the and reduce the text messages and ‘pictures of yesteryears.’ All written stranded wanton abdication contributions should be concise. Word limits: Letters medical of responsibility students of to the electorate. - 150 words, Articles - 750 words. Please include your the Osun State For him, freed name and a valid location. Letters to the Editor should be University education, job addressed to: to a foreign creation and university the like are The Editor, to complete the irreducible their medical minimum any Peoples Daily, 1st Floor Peace Plaza, studies was government worth 35 Ajose Adeogun Street, Utako, Abuja. borne out of the name can Email: the conviction offer. SMS: 08134607052 of his The governor has not administration’s resolve that no supports for farmers by supplying disappointed. While bidding sacrifice would be too much to them with inputs such as improved farewell to the first set of 20 youth secure better future for our children seedlings, fertilizers and fumigants out of the 40 sponsored by the state if we hope to build a great nation of among others; giving them on a special agricultural training in our founding fathers’ dream. hundreds of thousands of hectares Germany, he asked them to remain The students had had their of already prepared farmlands. The focused ensure that they justify programme stalled due to government is also liaising with the the investment of the state as the non-availability of a Teaching Institute for Agricultural Research trip cost over 64 million Naira. Hospital for the state university and Training (IAR&T), and Aregbesola gave the admonition at the time. Aregbesola said that International Institute for Tropical during a send-off ceremony for his government facilitated the Agriculture (IITA) in Ibadanin the 20 youths being sponsored to transfer of the students because the area of technical knowledge Germany for advanced training in it believes that a responsible which will boost production agriculture and food production government must fulfill its part and make farming easier, more technology in State of Saxonyof a pact entered into with the Anhalt, Germany. He explained that interesting and profitable. Also, the people irrespective of which government has granted another his administration’s commitment person or party in power signed N1 billion loan to 992 co-operative to making agriculture more modern the agreement in so far that groups for increased production is one of the major reasons for governance is a continuum. and wealth creation. sending them to Germany. This Last year, government spent Not long ago, the governor venture, no doubt, will increase food about N162Million to bail out received reports of the famous 98 productions for local consumption 87 medical students who now UNIOSUN Medical Students who as well as exportation. continue their programme in The training is in continuation of were sponsored to V.N Karazin Karachi University. The governor a government drive to revolutionize Kharkvin National University by now would be more than in Ukraine to complete their agriculture in the state under fulfilled that the students, who disrupted medical programme in the Osun Rural Enterprise and would have had their dreams the state owned university before Agriculture Programme (O’REAP). aborted, will now realize their he assumed office as governor. The administration is providing Addressing the Transfer Committee ambition of becoming full time the necessary infrastructure and


medical Doctors. He has kept faith with these children, their parents and Guidance towards realizing their life time ambition. In couple of years from now the state and parents alike will be celebrating their graduation as trained Medical Doctors. The governor used the occasion to clarify that of the 98 students made provisions for in the transfer scheme, 87 of them eventually took the offer as parents of the remaining concerned students had made different arrangements for their children. From the start, Aregbesola was well aware that the only way to avert economic collapse in the near future is to reposition the wobbling primitive economy. He advised that in our quest to enter the club of 20 most economically powerful and viable nations by 2030 we have to look inward and reduce our dependence on cheap petrodollars which is the reason for the virtue abandonment of agriculture that was the nation’s economic mainstay before and after we gained flag Independent. Even so, it is inexplicable that as a nation we have been unable to feed ourselves sufficiently! Very soon our oil would no longer be sought after by the US and China, the major exporters of the bulk of the nation crude oil, since they have devised mechanism to strike the depth and core of their own oil reserve, effortlessly. That is if the oil wells do not dry up before then. The challenge before us is either we embrace agriculture, wholesale, or we will start drinking our oil in 5 years time. Erasmus Ikhide’s professional profile is on linkedIn

New PDP: A dilemma for merged opposition By Abdullahi Musa


here was a time, when after the loss of presidential primaries, many political analysts wrote the political obituary of Atiku, the former Nigerian Vice President. Today, we do not know of tomorrow, Atiku is occupying the centre stage of Nigerian politics.New is certainly news. Suddenly APC seems very old; the vigor, the zest, and the drama seem to belong to New PDP. Although the reason seems obvious, the New Pep is enjoying the crest because it is the sons of the ruling party that are challenging the mighty. For all its thunderous formation, APC did not cause too much agitation within the ruling party because the confrontation date, 2015, is more than a year ahead. What they have created is quite new and unusual in Nigeria: a ruling party in a presidential system with minority status in National Assembly. PDP as a party has wrecked Nigeria. Its elected officials are crooks. They don’t care for the common men and women. These have been consistently

sold to Nigerians, and they thus clamour for change. Now a new scenario is emerging. Some PDP Governors have made giant strides in the states they govern. This is so much so that one of the opposition leaders respected for his integrity was seen hobnobbing with one of the gladiators who now have formed the new PDP. Bola Ahmad Tinubu was honored by the same gladiator. Now to my understanding, a new merger may have to emerge, between new PDP and APC. With their new

numerical strength in the National Assembly, they may make political life pretty uncomfortable for Dr. Goodluck Jonathan. But what of if Goodluck agrees not to run, and Bamanga is ousted as Chairman, would New PDP still need APC? And if Goodluck stands his ground and his INEC refuses to recognize the splinter group as genuine PDP, would PDM come to the rescue or would the gladiators embrace APC? The main issue is that of who becomes PDP’s presidential candidate. It is most unlikely

if the gladiators would jettison their party in order to adopt the presidential candidate of APC, whose likely presidential candidate is highly disliked by someone like Sule Lamido, a member of the five musketeers. The issue of a Northern presidential candidate is very strong in northern political circles. It is the reason for the dislike of Jonathan because he is said to renege on an agreement to serve only one term after completing Yar’Adua’s. What of if it is a ruse, a ploy to

For all its thunderous formation, APC did not cause too much agitation within the ruling party because the confrontation date, 2015, is more than a year ahead. What they have created is quite new and unusual in Nigeria: a ruling party in a presidential system with minority status in National Assembly. PDP as a party has wrecked Nigeria. Its elected officials are crooks. They don’t care for the common men and women.These have been consistently sold to Nigerians, and they thus clamour for change.

take the sails out of APC’s political ship? Well that is for APC to tell us. But as it is now, the New PDP occupies the centre stage; the question being for how long. One may hazard a guess that it will all depend on what president Jonathan and his handlers do. His administration made that of Obasanjo look saintly and polished. Would they react in such a manner so as to ruin the country and the political system together? Another question: would they be allowed? What is happening now has a parallel with what happened in South Africa. A serving president, Thabo Mbeki was challenged by his humiliated VP, Jacob Zuma, for the control of ANC. We all know what happened: Zuma triumphed and is now president. Coincidentally, Zuma is close friend of Atiku( they served their respective countries as VPs at the same period, and had their rise to number one position thwarted. So APC where art thou? Can anyone read the stars for me? Abdullahi Musa is reachable on kigongabas@



Comment PDP’s journey to political oblivion By Ogunjimi James Taiwo


he crisis in the Peoples Democratic Party is a case of their long series of illegality coming back to haunt them. I said it sometime ago that when you see a person(s), group or platform that lays claim to democracy and yet makes a mockery of it like the PDP does, it’s only a matter of time, its consequence will come back to haunt them. And that is the exact decipher of the political mess PDP is enmeshed in. First, we were hit with the Nigeria Governors Forum crisis where the PDP-led FG recognised Governor Jonah Jang of Plateau state who had 16 votes over Governor Amaechi of Rivers state who had 19 votes. It will be recalled that this kick-started the conflagration that has now engulfed the PDP. It led to an arrant disrespect of a serving governor by the first lady (an unconstitutional entity), and the Minister of State for Education, Barrister Nyesom Wike. The response of PDP as all these went on was anything but democratic; it was a continuation of their regular acts of forcing their way through. Wike left his duty post and ‘relocated’ to Rivers State where he promised to cause mayhem in the state, that nobody will be able

to sleep with their eyes closed; a threat he fulfilled well with the full backing of the Presidency. If history has taught us anything, it’s that bullying your way out of every situation in a democracy always backfires. The PDP is learning that lesson the hard way now. As the face-off between the Presidency and Governor Amaechi continued, we were hit with yet another FG-sponsored brouhaha at the Rivers state house of assembly where 5 people attempted to impeach the Speaker. And yet, the new ‘speaker’ was recognised. The problem with PDP is that they have a twisted understanding of the word democracy. Democracy isn’t about forcing your views and

wishes down the throat of others; it’s about respecting the views of the party majority enough to bow to it. It isn’t about forcing your way out of every situation; it’s about learning to embrace dialogue as a means of conflict resolution. It’s not about flinging insults and talking non-stop on the pages of newspapers; it’s about sitting down to listen to the yearning of the people. It’s not about suspending and disciplining people who differ from your point of view or challenge the status quo; it’s about having the moral courage to accept criticism and difference of opinion. The split in the PDP didn’t just happen; it has come on the heel of a string of irregularities sponsored

and tolerated in different sectors of the country. The Student arm, NANS has been hijacked, the Youth arm, NYCN, hijacked, Nigeria Governors Forum, NGF, hijacked. With all these high-profile hijacking that the PDP has masterminded, it was only a matter of time before they faced the backlash of their actions. So the split in PDP has been a long time coming. But there is one thing Nigerians must be wary of; we must not be naïve to think that the breakaway faction of the PDP is breaking out because they care about the plight of ordinary Nigerians and abhor the fact that the Tukur-led PDP has absolutely no plan to lessen the burden of the Nigerian masses. No, they are

But there is one thing Nigerians must be wary of; we must not be naïve to think that the breakaway faction of the PDP is breaking out because they care about the plight of ordinary Nigerians and abhor the fact that the Tukurled PDP has absolutely no plan to lessen the burden of the Nigerian masses. No, they are breaking away because they have lost relevance in the Tukur-led PDP and want a PDP of their own where they can command enough authority to pacify their bloated egos.

…Its laws change only at night By Seyi Olu Awofeso


o honesty of purpose has ever followed PDP’s interpretation of its own constitution since 1999. The party’s long-running dishonesty is now the cause of its current crisis. Two years ago, northern Nigerian elites had warningly protested PDP ruses they saw trending. “Nothing has taken place in the nation’s political arrangement on the issue of zoning to warrant any shift in the position of the Northern Political Leaders Forum (NPLF). The NPLF therefore wishes to state categorically that it continues to believe in the propriety of its cause, that the 2011 presidency be zoned to the North, until justice is done,” NPLF had said in a communiqué issued on February 15, 2011. The problem since then has been the rabid mutation of the interpretive meaning of “zoning”. By creative explications of the term “zoning”, quite a few PDP officials have come up with definitions opposite to NPLF’s understanding of the zoning clause in PDP’s constitution. As it is, “zoning” now means just about anything inside PDP. By its s own machinations, “zoning” thus becomes a weapon for ethnic fights rather than a benign policy of ethnic peace it was designed for. And now, worse of all, as PDP’s interpretive crookedness mutates severally into virulent strands, the tragedy of Nigeria today is silhouetted, as each meretricious interpretation of “zoning” predictably fosters ethnic distrust in Nigeria. Indeed, following the declaration of PDP’s National Working Committee in year 2010 stating that “zoning” means the constitutional right of

President Jonathan to contest the 2011 election, and by inference his further right to re-contest a second term in 2015, more so on the back of a subsequent decision of an Abuja High Court on December 1, 2010, the PDP mutilates a gentleman’s agreement to rotate presidential office between the north and south of Nigeria amongst the zones in either region in turns as an objective interpretation of “zoning”. Tellingly, two years ago, exPresident Olusegun Obasanjo, at the time the Chairman of the PDP Board of Trustees gave an even more tortuous and mind-blowing interpretation of the “zoning clause” at article 7.2 [c] of the PDP Constitution, which Justice Lawal Gumi of the Abuja High Court had earlier declared on December 1st, 2010 as “binding on PDP despite that the zoning and rotation clause is not enforceable by a court of law since it falls within the internal affairs of a political party.” According to him, “Zoning is un-constitutional. It is not part of our national (1999) constitution.” Till date, however, nobody inside the PDP has before or afterwards agreed with Obasanjo’s declaration of Article 7.2 [c] of the PDP Constitution as null and void - not even incumbent President Goodluck Jonathan. Since then though, exPresident Obasanjo has himself not repeated his declaration of the “zoning” clause in the PDP constitution as null and void. The said article 7.2 [c] says:“In pursuance of the principles of equity, justice and fairness, the party shall adhere to the policy of rotation and zoning of party and public elective offices, and it shall be enforced by the appropriate

executive committee at all levels,” but this law was never once obeyed since 1999 - and that’s what’s now come home to roost as PDP risks implosion from the first transgression sown by two northern presidential candidates who’d ignored PDP’s directive not to stand in the party presidential primary in the year 2003. And now, for the first time in 14 years since monopolizing federal governance of Nigeria, PDP faces internal revolt it never experienced - except perhaps the party’s western split in 1999. In 1999, the PDP had suddenly lost its entire south-west political leaders when Bola Ige led a walkout of the party with the walkaway south-west leaders acidly deprecating PDP as “a political party functioning like a military barrack of retired ex-Generals and colonels.” On August 31, when 14 years later the PDP faced a similar walk-out but this time by its North-west members, four-fifth of them legislators on the party platform in the House of Representatives in the Northwest including all eleven elected PDP members from Sokoto state, plus all legislators from Kano and Adamawa states, and some 46 others - including 11 out of the 13 legislators from Rivers State - it was déjà vu, although serious enough to weaken the party’s hitherto broad coalition. For besides this legislative revolt, no fewer than five (5) north-west elected PDP state Governors also issued a similar public statement on 31st August, and went further to appoint a new PDP Chairman, all by themselves - ignoring all party procedures stated in the PDP constitution requiring prior joint resolution for a national convention

by both the party’s National Executive Committee and the National Working Committee. Contrastingly, the South-west leaders who had initially split the PDP in 1999, and almost wholly excluded the party from Yorubadominated old western region, announced no similar grand plan “to kill the PDP for a decent burial.” Hence, the initial 1999 south-west fall-out in the PDP, although serious and electorally costly till now, is totally unlike the present revolt from mostly Northwest PDP members who seem viscerally bent on killing the PDP - at least, according to their own declaration. Getting serious to kill the PDP as a sole objective, the North-west dissenting members have lately taken one more step. They have reportedly filed a lawsuit, oddly in a Lagos High Court, asking for judicial declarations that the PDP has split; that factions have arisen, that elected members are free to move into any other party without losing their posts, and that the putative PDP Chairman, Bamanga Tukur holds office illegally for having been previously expelled without undergoing a re-admission process, before his supposed election as current party chairman. Not done, the north-west PDP dissidents have expressly sought to overthrow the existing PDP leadership and take over the PDP. They have thus asked the Lagos High court to declare their own self-appointed Chairman, Alhaji Kawu Baraje, as the lawful PDP Chairman notwithstanding anything in the PDP constitution. Notwithstanding that INEC itself had witnessed the unanimous election of Alhaji Bamanga Tukur as Chairman

breaking away because they have lost relevance in the Tukur-led PDP and want a PDP of their own where they can command enough authority to pacify their bloated egos. A look at the breakaway faction and their actions in the different posts they hold or have held, tells us everything we need to know about them. We must never allow ourselves to be so delusional that we begin to see the breakaway faction as our saviours; they are not and they never have been. As PDP takes its final steps into political oblivion, we owe ourselves the duty of watching out for whatever party touts itself as our salvation and look deeply to see if they exhibit any of the traits that we’ve had to put up with in PDP’s 14 years of political rape of the Nigerian masses; if any of the party(s) show even the slightest of traits that characterised PDP’s 14 years of nothingness, we must ignore them, regardless of their power of oratory or political stature. We have been trapped for 14 years in PDP’s web of lies, we must not walk ourselves into yet another web of deceit. The onus lies on us to awake to the urgency of now and open our eyes enough to recognise lies when we see one. Ogunjimi James Taiwo is reachable on hullerj@yahoo. com at PDP’s penultimate national convention, and approved Bamanga Tukur holding that office, the dissident north-west members still want a judicial declaration overriding all of these facts. They press on regardless of the precedent of Nigerian courts never to interfere with a political party’s internal affairs - which include the admission by waiver of its own party members. This particular demand to bar President Jonathan from contesting the 2015 primary election must have sounded to President Jonathan’s cabinet members like an attempted coup, and likely infuriated them to harden their own position by threatening severe punishment for the dissidents who’d made this particular demand. Perhaps a dis-proportionate reaction, but the demand itself hardly sounds like a negotiation position, to be sure, because short of asking for Jonathan’s head there’s hardly any benefit in the demand of self-ban to induce President Jonathan’s voluntary acceptance. To the contrary, this self-ban demand grates President Jonathan’s long-stated position. Partly because “The Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) is an agglomeration of interest groups formed around persons of prominence and power, which are loosely tied together by a desire to remain in office and maintain access to the “national cake” or resources of the Nigerian state,” according to the United States Embassy Charge d’ affaires, Ms. Lisa Piascik, who’d issued this descriptive statement on October 19, 2007, the concept of “zoning” in the PDP Constitution has continually been observed in breach, and usually invoked contradictorily, even by its stalwart defenders. Seyi Olu Awofeso is a legal practitioner in Abuja




Applicant bags 1 year imprisonment for stealing handbag in hospital


n Abuja Magistrates Court has sentenced a jobless man, Kassim Adeboye, of no fixed address, to one year in prison for stealing a female handbag at the Gwarinpa General Hospital. The 25-year-old applicant was arraigned in the court on a one count charge of theft. Magistrate Abolaji Abdulateef sentenced the convict to one year in

prison without an option of fine after he admitted to committing the crime. “The accused is hereby sentenced to one-year imprisonment for stealing without an option for him to pay any fine. “The court hopes that this conviction will serve as a deterrent to him and others like him out there who might want to commit such crime,’’ he ruled.

Earlier, the police prosecutor, Cpl. Simon Emmanuel, said that John Abuon, the Chief Security Officer of Gwarinpa General Hospital, reported the case at the Life Camp Police Station on Aug. 28. The prosecutor said that the convict broke into the female ward of the hospital and stole the handbag belonging to a patient on admission. He said that the convict also stole

the patient’s Nokia E-7 cell-phone which was inside the bag, the value of which had yet to be ascertained. Emmanuel said that security operatives attached to the hospital arrested the convict and brought him to the police station where he, upon interrogation, confessed to the crime. The prosecutor said that the stolen items were recovered from the convict. (NAN)


Man bags 2 months for stealing wheel barrow


Zuba Grade 1 Area Court has sentenced Yohanna Bitrus, 21, to two months in prison for stealing a wheelbarrow. Alhassan Kusherki, the presiding officer, passed the sentence on Bitrus after he pleaded guilty to the one-count charge of theft. Kusherki, however, gave the convict an option to pay a fine of N5,000. The police prosecutor, Cpl. Momoh Ibrahim, told the court that on Aug. 28, Mohammed Yakubu of Zuba Yam Market, FCT, reported the case at Zuba police station on the same date the convict stole the wheel barrow from the market, where he was caught. Ibrahim said that during police investigation the wheelbarrow was recovered from Bitrus. The prosecutor told the court that the offence contravened the provisions of Section 288 of the Penal Code. (NAN)

Cobbler in court for alleged theft L-R: Author of the book, Dr. Jemanze Alowes, former Minister of FCT, Malam Nasir el-Rufai, chairman of the occasion, Senator Osita Izunaso, and former INEC Chairman, Professor Maurice Iwu, during the launching of a book titled ‘Minority as Competitive Overlord’, yesterday in Abuja. Photo: Mahmud Isa

Court remands suspect for allegedly stealing car


n upper Area Court, sitting in Karu in the FCT has ordered the remand of one Murtala Jibril in prison for alleged stealing. The Police Prosecutor, Cpl. Adam Peter, told the court that the matter was reported at the Garki Police Station by one Ifeanyi Igwe of Durumi, Abuja on June 17. Peter said that the complainant told the police that the accused stole his car with registration numberer, EF 215 LND from where it was parked. The prosecutor told the court that during police investigation, the accused admitted to have conspired with two men whose names were given as Ahmed and Umar Danjuma, (now at large) to steal the car. The offence, he said contravened Sections 97 and 287 of the Penal Code. The accused, however, pleaded guilty to the charges against him. The Presiding Judge, Alhaji Umar Kagarko adjourned the case to Sept. 10,2013 for ruling. (NAN)

Court remands labourer for allegedly causing hurt


he police have arraigned a labourer, Usman Musa, 26, before an Abuja Grade 2 Area Court in Kado for allegedly causing hurt. The Police Prosecutor, Sgt. Salihu Mohammed, told the court that on Aug. 28, one Gaga Francis of Kuchibina Village in Gwarinpa Phase 2, Abuja, reported the matter at the Gwarinpa Police Station. He told the court that the accused of the same address with the complainant

during an argument with one Obianuju Ikpozu, brought out a knife and stabbed her. The prosecutor told the court that the complainant said he rescued Ikpozu from the accused when she was shouting for help after she was allegedly stabbed with the knife. The prosecutor told the court that the offence contravened the provisions of section 244 of the Penal Code. The News Agency of Nigeria

(NAN) reports that if found guilty, the accused could be punished with imprisonment for a term of one month or with fine. The accused, however, pleaded not guilty to the charge. The Presiding Officer, Mr Ahmed Ado, granted bail to the accused in the sum of N30,000 with two sureties in like sum. Ado adjourned the case to Nov. 11,2013 . (NAN)

Police arraign 5 persons for alleged possession of Indian hemp


he police have arraigned five persons in an Abuja Senior Magistrates Court for allegedly being in possession of substance suspected to be Indian hemp, aiding and abetting criminals. The five are Isah Abdullahi (30), Oscar Daniel (24), A.K. Khama (27), Daniel Icheme (28) and Jenifer Aondafa (30), all of Lugbe Village, Abuja. The police prosecutor, Insp. Jeremiah Elijah, told the court that on Aug. 29, at about 5:20 a.m., a team of police detectives from the Lugbe Police Station arrested the

accused persons. According to him, the team, led by Sgt. Haliru Hassan, stormed a hideout of criminals at Tudun Wada Village, Abuja, and arrested some of the accused persons. Hassan said others were arrested at a “Black spot’’ at Suka Kanta village, Lugbe. ``The accused persons when caught were in possession of some quantity of substance suspected to be Indian hemp. “During police investigation, Isah and Kharma confessed to being sellers of the substance suspected

to be Indian hemp,’’ Elijah told the court. The five accused persons pleaded not guilty to the charges brought against them. The senior magistrate, Mr Mohammed Anka, granted each of them bail in the sum of N50, 000 and one reliable surety in like sum, who he said must reside within the jurisdiction of the court. Anka said that each surety must attach proof of house rent payment and a passport photograph to the bail bond and adjourned the case to Sept. 16,2013 for hearing. (NAN)


he police have arraigned a 27- year- old cobbler, Emmanuel Benjamin, of Kugba Village, Aso Pada inn a Grade 1 Area Court, Aso Pada, Mararaba for alleged theft. Police prosecutor Friday Idache told the court that Abdulkadiri Alhassan of Garki II, Abuja, reported the case at the ‘A’ Division Police Station in Mararaba on Sept. 2. “On Sept. 2, Alhassan came to Mararaba market to buy some trousers and shirts, but in the process the accused allegedly made away with his Techno mobile phone valued N5,500,” Idache said. The prosecutor said the offence contravened provision of Section 287 of the Penal Code. If convicted on the charge, the accused could spend up to five years in prison or an option to pay fine or both. The accused, however, pleaded not guilty to the charge. The presiding judge, Mr. Albert Maga admitted the accused to bail in the sum of N200, 000 and two sureties in like sum. Maga said that one of the sureties must be a traditional title holder with landed property and must reside within the jurisdiction of the court. He ordered that the sureties must write an undertaking that the accused will not commit similar offence. Maga adjourned the case to Sept. 19, 2013 for hearing. (NAN)



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Allocate 10% of budget to agric- Adesina


he Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Dr Akinwumi Adesina has called for the allocation of 10 per cent of the nation’s annual budget to agriculture. Adesina made the suggestion while contributing to a discussion in Abuja yesterday at the 19th Nigeria Economic Summit on ways to sustain the nation’s agenda on agriculture. He said that financing the growth and development of the agriculture sector should be significantly expanded for realistic growth. “At the moment, we are not spending enough on agriculture. As we go forward, we have to restructure the modes of financing of the sector. “We need to make at least 10 per cent of our budget to go to agriculture, if we want to sustain this particular agenda. “The issue of getting financing from the private sector is key. Nobody is going to do agriculture and borrow money at 25 per cent

interest rate and also make profit. “So we need to find new institutions, new arrangements and new platforms that will allow us to get affordable financing as well as long-term financing. “So we really cannot get far until we tackle this particular issue.’’ Adesina also said that adequate funding of research and development institutes that were geared toward innovative agriculture discoveries was important. “I think it is very crucial for us to invest heavily in research and development because no nation in the world has been able to achieve this without spending money on innovative technologies. “Talk about China, Brazil, Pakistan and India, all of them invested in innovative technologies. “Right now we are spending less than one per cent on research and development and it is not enough. To be the global power we want to be, we must spend more on research.’’ He said that another factor stunting the growth of agriculture

in the country was the issue of agricultural extension, diverse means of transportation of farm produce, among others. The minister said that the way forward was for young and fresh minds to come into the business of agriculture. Adesina said that this was the reason why the recently launched Nurturing the Successor Generation of Nigerian Farmers and Agriculture Enterprises by President Jonathan, was a welcome development. The Chairman of Heir Holdings, Mr Tony Elumelu, said that there should be continuity in the transformation of the agriculture agenda, to achieve sustainability in the sector. He said that the ultimate goal of the agriculture agenda would be achieved when policy reforms and incentives were put in place. “We also need to think of how to make agriculture more lucrative. It employs a lot of people but in actual wealth, it doesn’t make a lot of them rich. “So if we succeed in making it

lucrative and people begin to make money, naturally others would want to join in,’’ he said. The Chief Executive Officer, Stanbic IBTC Holdings, Mrs Sola Borha, said that for affordable lending for agriculture purposes, the sector needed to be attractive, to enable banks feel safe to advance loans. “NIRSAL funds provided by the Central Bank is a step in the right direction since it is aimed at sharing risk, this will result to bankers feeling more comfortable in advancing agricultural loans. “ This would help to bring the lending rates to the agricultural sector down. A commodity exchange, plus warehousing system, is absolutely key in providing the appropriate structure to agric business,’’ she said. The Minister of National Planning Commission, Dr Shamsudeen Usman, said that an alternate funding of the agriculture system apart from the traditional funding by banks was necessary.

FG seeks partners on N80bn note issuance - Pg 22

Dispute: FIRS asks tax tribunal to join Customs as defendant

- Pg 22

Traffic gridlocks: Not yet uhuru for Lagosians - Pg 20 Exchange Rates CBN

L-R: Managing Director, Rural Electrification Agency (REA), Engineer Kenneth Achugbu, Minister of State for Power, Hajiya Zainab Ibrahim Kuchi, Secretary of the Agency, Mrs. Blessing Okoronkwo-Egwu, and Director Planning and Research of REA, Mr. Nuhu Sada, during the minister’s visit to the agency, yesterday in Abuja. Photo: Justin Imo-Owo

NSE market capitalisation rises by N128bn


he market capitalisation of the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) yesterday rose by N128 billion as a result of price gains by some blue chips. The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that market capitalisation rose by 1.11 per cent to close at N11.61 trillion against the N11.48 trillion recorded on Wednesday. Also, the All-Share Index, which opened at 36,215.57, appreciated by 260.73 points to close at 36,476.30. Dangote Cement led the

gainers’ chart with a gain of N4 to close at N194 per share, while Nigerian Breweries followed with N2.71 to close at N164 per share. GlaxoSmithKline grew by N1.85 to close at N65.30 per share, while Ashaka Cement appreciated by 70k to close at N21 per share. Lafarge Wapco rose by 50k to close at N92.50 per share. On the other hand, Julius Berger led the price losers’ chart with a loss of N3.21 to close at N71.50 per share. Guinness trailed with a loss

of N3 to close at N247 per share, while Beta Glass dropped N1.31 to close at N11.87 per share. Unilever depreciated by N1.05 to close at N60, while Portpaint dipped by 50k to close at N4.51 per share. In all, investors exchanged 223.07 million shares worth N4.01 billion in 5,133 deals against the 281.93 million shares valued at N3.04 billion traded in 5,323 deals on Wednesday. (NAN)

as at4th August, 2013 Buying



















MANAGEMENT TIP OF THE DAY Don’t overpromise on your new job


hen taking on a new role, it can be tempting to list out all of the grand things you plan to accomplish in your first year. But be careful before you make any hard commitments. It’s better to underpromise and overdeliver. You don’t know what unforeseen obstacles may get in your way—the organization’s resistance to change, for example. Be conservative

when setting expectations with your new boss and other stakeholders. If you deliver more results, you will delight them. But if you promise too much and fall short, you risk undermining your credibility. Even if you successfully complete a great number of projects, but don’t do everything on your list, you will have failed in their eyes. Source: Harvard Business Review



Martime Company News

Nigeria operates broken budget system – FRC


he Fiscal Responsibility Commission has said the nation operates a broken budget system since annual budgets are always passed about four months into a new year. It also stated that only five states of the federation had adopted the Fiscal Responsibility Act, five years after the law was passed by the National Assembly. It made…

Traffic gridlocks gridlocks:: Not yet uhuru for Lagosians By Dapo Olalekan


hen Association of Maritime Truck Owners (AMATO) came out recently announcing acquisition of a sparking space along the Badagry expressway in Ojo, Lagos, Lagosians were in joyous mood. . the frenzied mood is not misplaced. This is because, container bearing trucks account

implementation of the International Ships and Ports facility Security (ISPS) Code. “There is a marching order that they want all the trucks evacuated from the road, individual members that have trucks littering the road both at Tincan and Apapa port should go to trade fair and park” he had said. But surprisingly, the music has changed going by the tone of his

government that carried out the reformation forgot that the trucks play a very big role in maritime and truck operation, the fact remains that the port cannot operate without the trucks. During the reformation exercise, they forgot to carry along the trucks, most of the places that served as a truck terminal was taken away without providing alternatives. The problem was further compounded

Reduce agric sector risks, banks tell FG


he Group Managing Director, United Bank for Africa Plc, Mr. Phillips Oduoza, has called for the derisking of the agricultural sector in order to stimulate lending to farmers. He spoke on Tuesday in Abuja during a plenary session on financing agri-business to guarantee a successful industry transformation at the 19th Nigerian Economic Summit.

Heritage Bank, PAU collaborate on virtual arts


eritage Bank Limited is collaborating with Pan Atlantic University to sponsor Nigeria’s first virtual arts museum. The museum, named the Virtual Museum of Modern Nigerian Art, is an online free searchable database of Nigerian art from the beginning of the 20th century. According to a statement from the bank, its main aim is to serve…

S’African PMI climbs as weaker rand boosts manufacturers


outh Africa’s purchasing managers’ index unexpectedly rose to its highest level in six years in August as a weaker rand makes manufactured-product exports more attractive, Kagiso Tiso Holdings said. According to a Bloomberg report on Monday, the seasonally adjusted index climbed to 56.5 from 52.2 in July, Johannesburg-based Kagiso said in an e-mailed statement.

Association of Maritime Truck Owners (AMATO) acquired a parking space along the Badagry expressway for not less that forty percent of the chaotic traffic situation in Lagos. Chairman of AMATO, Chief Remi Ogungbemi who was a guest at the National Secretariat of the Maritime Reporters Association of Nigeria (MARAN) in Apapa Lagos had announced the beginning of a new dawn for road users because the association had been given 50 hectares of land for the construction of a truck terminal. The benefactor of this project is no other than Alhaji Al-Hassan Dantata who is the Chief Executive Officer of Multitrade Nigeria Limited. In addition to the allocated apace, he had entered into an agreement with AMATO for the importation of 2000 new trucks to replace the rickety ones in existence that had always caused havocs on Nigerian roads. Because of the poor road networks in the country, these rickety trucks have been the source of lives loss putting many families in tears as a result of their continuous up-turning on major highways. Chief Ogungbemi, accompanied by leaders of the Nigerian Association of Truck Owners (NATO) and the Road Transport Employers Association (RTEAN) said that the three associations had signed a memorandum of understanding on the effective use of the truck park. An elated Ogungbemi disclosed to maritime journalists then (three weeks ago) that immediate removal of articulated trucks will commence as it has been ordered by the Federal Government in line with the

response when contacted last week on the progress of the evacuation. Ogungbemi said that the exercise has been suspended due to bad roads. Ogungbemi said that the deplorable state of the LagosBadagry road had made the relocation unrealistic. “I am confirming that the relocation has not begun due to some difficulties that we cannot overlook, the deplorable state of the Lagos- Badagry expressway is a major challenge” “The bad road has made the movement of the trucks difficult and we cannot take such a risk” He also said that the construction site where the trucks will be parked within the complex is yet to be completed. This statement further dashed the hopes of Lagosians, particularly the port users and the residents of Apapa, Kirikiri and Ajegunle areas of Lagos who are made to face long traffic queues on daily basis due to the activities of the maritime trucks and petroleum tankers. Ogungbemi had said that “God in his infinite mercy has sent a deliverer to deliver us from all the shackles and encumbrances militating against the survival of our business” “Our story has changed, many years ago, port operators were seeing truck drivers as the problem of the port, and this is because of the chaotic traffic situation starring the faces of all operators in the maritime industry” Meanwhile, the traffic problems started during the port reform exercise in 2006, it is apparent that the agencies of

because the spaces that the drivers were managing then where concessioned out to terminal operators. The concessionaires barricaded the places allocated to them and this made it impossible for trucks to maneuver- meaning that, any truck going into the port has to go direct to where he is being assigned to load, hence the long queues along the port access roads and the constant hustle and bustle of trucks on Lagos roads. “God has sent somebody to us that has offered us 2000 brand new trucks on higher purchase, that is to say that within a short period you will be seeing brand new trucks operating in and out of the port. Anyone that can still move among the old ones will still be moving while the aged ones will be scrapped” “The investor has also given us a place, about 50 hectares of land that can accommodate up to 5000 trucks, as I am talking to you now, renovation and construction works is ongoing at the place inside the international trade fair along Badagry expressway” “We are now ready to bring professionalism into the trucking business in the maritime industry; most of the challenges has been the non-availability of a modern truck terminal” “There are many unions as far as the sector is concerned, when we received this gesture from the investor, we now deem it feet to collaborate with the other unions namely; NATO and RTEAN. This is for those of them operating in the port where we have been together for decades, this is why we want to enjoy it together, we have signed an

MoU through the assistance of our consultant on May 9, 2013” “We have agreed to work together to achieve this gesture, but we cannot do it alone without corporation of other stakeholders, every stakeholder in Apapa contributed in one way or the other to the traffic situation in Apapa environment so all hands should be on deck to bring the solution” he had said at the press briefing. According to him, relocating to trade fair despite the traffic situation within the axis is better than what trucker are losing at the port. He complained that Lagos State Government Task Forces and the NPA security officers are always going about on daily basis picking truck drivers. “They are towing our trucks and slamming bills of N350, 000 on us how can we break even? This is why we see it as a saving grace despite the traffic situation on the Badagry road, and by the time they finish the construction of that road it will not take more than 20 minutes from apapa to the place” The truck drivers have however appealed to the Federal Government not to roll out another policy that will make truck operations and the envisaged transformations inimical. The maritime trucker assured of expected improved service delivery, even as they warned that stakeholders should not expect them to bear the cost of this service improvements alone, as according to them; it means the customers, and the end users of goods and services will be made to pay. They warned that a new tariff will be released in the haulage business that will see the charges increasing. But before the new tariff is introduced, they assured that the regulatory agency; the Nigerian Shippers Council will be approached for direction. This arrangement does not include the petroleum tankers queuing up along the depots, especially those along Ibafon-Ibru axis. Speaking on the plight of the petroleum tankers, Chairman of the Lagos Zonal Council of Petroleum Tanker Drivers (PTD) branch of the National Union of Petroleum and Natural Gas Workers (NUPENG) Alhaji Nojeem Korodo said that there are still no adequate spaces for tanker drivers to park their trucks. Korodo said that the truck park at Orile-Iganmu in Lagos was already full to the brim. Apart from this, the space at the terminal has been affected by the ongoing road construction along Badagry expressway, thereby pushing some of drivers to park on the streets. In order to ease the pressure off lagos, and to put an end to the constant confrontation between tanker drivers and LASTMA officials in Lagos, it would be recalled that the Ogun State Government had allocated a truck park to the NUPENG members at the Ogere axis of the state, but the place is to be jointly occupied with members of the National Union of Road Transport Workers (NURTW) a development which the tanker drivers had frowned against.



Tax alert

Essentials of captal gains tax (Cgt)

FIRS Chairman, Alhaji Kabiru Mashi apital Gain may be defined months, the chargeable gain shall as Gains arising from be apportioned to the affected increases in the market assessment years in proportion value of capital assets to a person to the amount of the installments or corporate body, who does not payable in each of the years. Chargeable gains are assessed habitually offer them for sale and in whose hands they do on current year basis, Roll-over relief is available not constitute stock–in–Trade. Therefore, it is a tax chargeable to any company acquiring a new at the rate of 10% on capital asset to be used for the purposes gains arising from the disposal of the trade in replacement of an of capital assets. Capital gains old one. Gains arising from disposal of mainly represent the excess of disposal proceeds realized over shares and stocks are currently exempted from CGT. the cost of the particular asset. Chargeable Persons Administration Of Capital And Chargeable Assets Gains Tax Persons A The CGT is under the Chargeable management of the Board of The chargeable person is one who Federal Inland Revenue Service deals in a chargeableasset. A chargeable person may be: (FIRS)and it is administered by A limited liability company, the FIRS in respect of corporate An individual bodies and individuals resident A limited liability company in the Federal CapitalTerritory including members of armed will remit its tax liability to FIRS forces, police and foreign while an individual will remit to serving officers.The tax is also the SIRS, with the exception of administered by the State individuals resident in the FCT. Chargeable Assets Internal Revenue Service in Examples of chargeable assets respect of individuals based on the rules of residence. Under are: Options, debts and the provisions of the Act, tax properties. liability will arise on Actual Year incorporeal Basis (AYB) when a chargeable Incorporeal properties are assets asset is disposed. An aggrieved that have values but are not taxpayer or the respective tax tangible, e.g. goodwill, copyrights authority can appeal against the and patent rights. Disposal of currencies other decision of the tax authority to a conventional court or to the Tax than Nigerian currency. All qualifying capital Appeal Tribunal (TAT) as the expenditure under CITA, PITA, case may be. Some Highlights Of The PPTA or any form of property created by the taxpayer Chattels Provisions Of The Cgt Act CGT is chargeable at 10% sold for more than N1, 000 in any on capital gains from the sale of tax year. Persons / Institutions capital assets. Capital loss on disposal of Exempted By law, any ecclesiastical, any asset is not deductible from or educational capital gains on disposal of any charitable, other asset even if both are of the institution of a public character, statutory or registered Friendly same type. Where consideration is Society and co-operative society payable by installments over18 registered under the co-operative


Societies Act are exempted. Same also applies to Local Government Council, purchasing Authority Company and corporation established for fostering economic development of any part of Nigeria. Also included in the the exemption list are, Trade Union registered under the Trade Unions Act, provided, The gain is not derived from the disposal of any assets acquired in connection with any trading or business activity carried on by such Institution or Society. The gain or profit is applied solely for the purpose of the Institution or Society. Other items on the list are the main or only private residence of an individual (including the gardens), Chattels disposed for not more than N1000.00 in a Year of Assessment, motor cars suitable for private use or a mechanically propelled road vehicle constructed or adopted for the carriage of passengers, life assurance policy, benefits from superannuation funds approved by the Joint Tax Board, gifts, Nigerian government securities, including treasury bonds, savings certificates and premium bonds, Nigerian currency, disposal of Stocks and Shares (effective 1/1/98), disposal of Investments in Statutory Provident Fund, or Retirement Benefits Scheme, acquisition of the Shares of a Company either merged with, or taken over or absorbed by another Company, as a result of which the acquired Company loses its identity as a Limited Liability Company, provided no cash payment is made in respect of the Shares acquired, gains accruing to Diplomatic bodies and gains from disposal of Securities in a Unit Trust provided the proceeds are re-invested. The Principle Of Disposal For the purpose of CGT, disposal arises where any capital sum is derived from a sale, lease, transfer, an assignment, a compulsory acquisition or any other disposition of assets. The disposal is deemed to have taken place even where no asset was acquired by the person paying such capital sums. Thus, specifically, disposal is deemed to have taken place where: Any capital sum is derived by way of a compensation for loss of office or employment. Receipt of capital sum under a policy of insurance; On receipt of capital sum in return for forfeiture or surrender of rights or for refraining from exercising such rights Any capital sum is received as consideration for use or exploitation of an asset. Any capital sum is received in connection with or arises by virtue of any trade, business, profession or vocation. Non-Allowable Expenses For The Purpose Of Cgt Any allowable expenses under the provision of PITA, CITA and PPTA. Any insurance premium or other payments made under a policy of insurance against the

risks of any kind of damage or injury to, loss or depreciation of any asset. Computation Of Capital Gains Tax In the computation of capital gains that will be charged to CGT, the following steps should be followed: Identify the sales proceeds on the disposal of the chargeable asset Deduct allowable expenses from the sales proceed to obtain Net Sales Proceed. Deduct cost of acquisition and other capital costs from the Net Sales Proceed to obtain the Capital Gains Compute the capital gains tax liability by applying the applicable rate of 10% on the Capital Gains obtained above. The above steps can be placed in a better format as follows: N N Sales Proceeds xx Less: Allowable Expenses (xx) Net Sales Proceed xx Deduct: Cost of Acquisition (xx) Capital Gains/(Losses) xx Capital Gains Tax @ 10% Connected Persons Where in a transaction, one person has control over the other, a connected person transaction is said to have taken place. In such a situation, where transaction is not done at arm’s length, market value is used. Connected persons for this purpose include: An individual wife or husband; A trustee in settlement is deemed connected with the settler as well as any person connected with the settler; Partners of a firm are deemed connected with one another as well as with the spouse of each partner; A company is connected with another person if that person has control of it or if that person and persons connected with him together have control of it. Roll Over Relief

FIRS Revenue House

This arises where a sole trader, partnership or limited liability company carrying on a trade, dispose of one eligible business asset and replaces it with a new asset of the same class as that sold. The seller will be entitled to deduct the capital gain arising on disposal from the cost of the new asset thereby postponing the payment of CGT on such a gain. Roll over relief can be full, partial or no roll over relief. The effect of this roll-over relief is to reduce the cost of acquisition of a new asset with resultant increase in the capital gain arising on eventual disposal. Classes of assets eligible for roll-over relief: Class I: Any building or part of a building and any permanent and semi-permanent structure in the nature of a building, occupied and used only for trading; Any land occupied and used only for trading. Fixed plant and machinery which does not form part of the building Class II - ships Class III - Aircraft Class IV - Goodwill. However, the consideration arising on the disposal must be re-invested within Twelve months before or after the disposal before the rollover relief can be granted. Some Special Circumstances In Cgt Assets acquired by gift and later sold: the imputed cost is: The amount at which the asset was last disposed in a transaction at arm’s length if known, or if that is not known The market value of the asset at the date of transfer. Assets devolving on death and later sold, Shall for CGT purposes be deemed to be disposed of by him at the date of his death and acquired by the personal representative or other persons on whom the assets devolve for a consideration equal to: Where ascertained, price of the asset as at date of purchase; or Where unascertained, market value of the asset as at that date.



Business Dispute: FIRS asks tax tribunal to join Customs as defendant T

he Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) yesterday urged the Tax Appeal Tribunal to join the Nigerian Customs Service (NSC) as defendants in the N3.5 million tax dispute with Orchid Nigeria Ltd. Orchid, an Abuja-based company, had sued the NCS and

the FIRS at the tribunal sitting in Abuja over non-refund of N3.5 million Value Added Tax (VAT). It alleged that the NCS and FIRS erroneously charged VAT on the Advance Simulator Systems imported for the training of students at the Maritime Academy of Nigeria, Oron, Akwa Ibom.

Counsel to Orchid, Mr Obi Nwakor, said that under the first schedule of the VAT Law of 2007 (as amended), books and educational materials were exempted from VAT. The FIRS, in a motion filed by its counsel, Mr Bright Igbinosa, sought the court's order for the NCS board to be joined as a party

in the suit. Igbinosa said that “the interest of the case would not be reached, if NCS Board is not joined as a party in this appeal”. The counsel further stated that ``the interest of the respondent will be hugely prejudiced if NCS board, being the body that issued the disputed

assessment, is not made a party in this case”. He noted that ``the NCS was initially in the matter before its name was struck out on procedural ground; and that NSC board had also filed its defence in the matter”. NAN reports that the parties had agreed on an out-of-court settlement before the NCS, at the last adjournment rescinded its decision, sought and granted a relief to be struck out of the case on procedural grounds. Consequently, the Acting Chairman of the Tribunal, Mr Nnamdi Ibegbu, adjourned the case but did not fix a date for ruling. Ibegbu said that hearing notices would be issued to all parties informing them on the date the tribunal has fixed. (NAN)

FG seeks partners on N80bn note issuance By Abdulwahab Isa with agency report L-R: Nasarawa state Commissioner for Lands, Sony Agassi, Abulkarim Usman, Peter Mbucho, Project Manager, Usman Ibrahim Jibril, Project Partner, Roland Klaus, and other officials, during the commissioning of Nasarawa Geographic Information Systems (NAGIS), recently in Mararaba.

Unity Bank to reward customers on savings promo


nity bank Plc is set to conduct draws to select the first group of winners in the second edition of its Savings Promo headlined as 3-in-1 Savings Advantage. The first of the five draws will hold in Bauchi this weekend. Altogether, all the draws will be held in a period of about two weeks between September 7 and 21, this year. A total of 61,383 savers under the Promo have qualified for the five draws across the country.

They are scheduled to hold in five cities across the country, namely PortHarcourt, Minna, Katsina, Akure and Bauchi covering the five zones adopted by the bank to bring the Promo and reward to its customers in their primary localities or places of business activities. According to the Unity bank Divisional Head for Retail Banking, Usman Abaji, prizes to be won are Sound Proof Generating Set, 32 inches LED Samsung Television, Thermocool Deep Freezer, Gas Cooker, and Refrigerator. Other

prizes are Blackberry phones, and Thermocool bed-side fridge and Power Generating Set. The bank said the draws cover only savers in the category of N10,000 and N100,000 minimum threshold and for 45 days only. Subsequent draws will cater for other category of savers which will be rewarded with scholarship, business empowerment tools and the grand star prize of Kia Rio saloon cars. Unity bank restated its commitment to fairness and

transparency and has urged members of the public to attend the draws to witness for themselves. It is expected that regulators of Promotions in the country such as Consumer Protection Council (CPC) and National Lottery Regulatory Commission will attend the draws. In the first edition of the Promo also known as Aim, Save & Win, more than 200 savers won various prizes including Nokia Phones, Motorcycles, Television sets, Bicycles, Fridges and the star prizes of five Hyundai Verna Saloon Cars.

Subscribers want NCC to ban promos


he President, National Association of Telecommunications Subscribers (NATCOMS), Chief Deolu Ogunbanjo yesterday urged the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) to ban the ongoing sales promotions in the sector. Ogunbanjo told the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Lagos that the promotions were congesting networks of the service providers. He said that the congestion

of the networks had further deteriorated the already poor services of the operators. According to the association official, subscribers prefer better services than promotions which benefit few consumers. “So, we want the NCC to still put a ban on promos so that the operators can face their network quality challenges for now. “If we notice improvement in quality of service, then they can then bring in promos. “We are saying that they

should give us good quality service, not promos,’’ Ogunbanjo said. NAN recalled that Globacom, had in July, launched a N500 million promo designed to reward its subscribers for their support and loyalty to the network. With the theme “GloRecharge to Stardom’’, the promo offered customers the opportunity to celebrate with the telecom company with various prizes. The prizes range from N10, 000 airtime up to the grand prize

of N25 million during the promo period of 100 days. In August, Airtel Nigeria introduced its own promo, tagged ``Airtel Step Up’’ through which subscribers would win a total of N150 million in 90 days. The ongoing Airtel promo is anchored on a point-based interactive SMS system where customers will accumulate points to increase their chances of winning by responding to questions. (NAN)


igeria is looking for an international bank and a local lender to act as co-arrangers for N80 billion ($491m) depository note to be issued this year, the Debt Management Office (DMO) has said. The DMO said in a notice it had appointed a sole depository bank and an arranger for the offering, but did not name them. A source at the debt office told Reuters Nigeria had mandated Citibank to act as the depository bank. A Citibank spokesperson declined to comment. Bids for co-arrangers are due on Oct. 3. Nigeria is increasing the amount it borrows from overseas to around 40 percent of all debt over the next three to five years, from 12 percent, seeking lower funding costs. The debt office in May said it will issue 80 billion naira in global depository notes this year, after a $1 billion eurobond, to deepen its footprint in international debt markets. Citibank and Deutsche Bank acted as advisers on the $1 billion eurobond issued in July, which was four times oversubscribed. Nigeria also plans to issue $100 million in diaspora bonds this year and is seeking advisers.



Stock Watch

Report as at Thursday, September 5, 2013




Special Report

As the trains return to Lagos-Kano rail line... R

ecently, the Nigerian Railway Corporation (NRC), at its Lagos state terminal,set the rail transport system back into the mind of several Nigerians as it launched its third weekly-Kano intercity passenger train service at the EbuteMeta junction station, Alagomeji. The intercity passenger train service, tagged: “Let the train take the stress”, amidst pomp and celebration, the much awaited Lagos/Kano route coach took off from Ido station in Lagos around 11.00a.m. for a trip that terminated the next day at the Kano rail station about 5.00 p.m. The introduction of the Lagos/Kano route, according to the corporation, would increase the number of passengers who travelled to Kano from Lagos weekly by rail transport from 3,500 to 5,500. That would, no doubt, reduce the pressure on road transport, as well as give credence and awareness to improvement of rail transport system in the country. Before the coach set out, the Managing Director, Nigerian Railway Corporation (NRC), Mr. Adeseyi Sijuwade, at the flag-off ceremony said, “The journey to this present operational position of the Corporation

After several years of broken promises, high expectations and shattered hopes Suleiman Idris reports on efforts by the Nigerian Railway Corporation to bring back the rail transport system to Nigerians with the resumption of the popular Lagos-Kano route. in the quest to revamp and improve the fortunes of the Corporation and once again make it essentially effective and operational began not too long ago in 2009. “The Federal Government, in the past, had made several attempts at revamping Nigerian Railway system but none of the efforts of the past governments yielded remarkable improvements in the infrastructure and operating facilities of the Corporation. “Against the backdrop of the importance and relevance of a functional rail transport system to Nigeria’s socio-economic development, the Federal Government insisted on revamping the nation’s rail transport industry. This, however, led to the award of another contract in 2009 that was more comprehensive in scope for the rehabilitation of 1, 126

A train leaving Mushin train platform in Lagos

kilometre western track routes in the Corporation. The late President Umar Yar’Adua, in his patriotism, foresightedness and confidence reposed in the emancipation of Nigerian Railway, initiated the rehabilitation exercise, which was executed by China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation (CCECC) and Costain (West Africa) respectfully.” Before now, there had been promises, high expectations and shattered hope at various attempts at bringing back the rail transport system. At a time when most Nigerians, who experienced intercity rail system transport found it difficult to recollect the long night trips across the coastline and forest, the NRC is determined to bring the lovely and memorable experience back into reckoning. And there was no better way to kick-start that campaign

Minister of Transport, Senator Idris A. Umar

than the introduction of the Lagos/Kano intercity service to complement the current weekly Lagos to Kano to Lagos, Lagos to Ilorin/Offa to Kano, and Minna to Kaduna intercity trains. This, in no time, according to Sijuwade, would step up the speed of the frequency of other services and carriage capacity. According to Sijuwade, “The outstanding success achieved in the rehabilitation of the Western line, driven by the leadership of President Goodluck Jonathan, has made it possible for the Corporation to commence various rail transport services and the flaggingoff of the Lagos-Kano intercity passenger train service, which is the third of its kind since December 2012. The introduction of the third Lagos-Kano passenger train is a practical fulfillment of the Corporation’s poise to scale-up train frequency

and passenger carriage capacity in corresponding approach to increase in the market share. The passenger traffic offer, especially for longdistance haul, to the Corporation in the past few months has increased tremendously and the introduction of another passenger train service as we have come to witness today is inevitable. “With the Western line becoming busier with more passenger trains carrying travellers to various parts of the country, social integration and intercultural relationships would be more enhanced and small scale trading activities would increase within the towns and villages along the track corridors. Also, property and housing development will receive a boost. The nation’s road network will be less hazardous and risky to ply as this will bring about drastic reduction in vehicular traffic on the road.

In the same manner, various goods train services will bring to the citizens numerous environmental, socio-economic, and transportation benefits. It is therefore pertinent to encourage the commuting public and freighters to take scrupulous advantage of the Corporation’s continued capacity enhancement programme and patronise the rail transport mode for safety and cost. “Let the train take the stress’’, Sijuwade said. Hopefully, the new development in the rail sector would turn out to be a catapult that would relaunch the rail transport system into the mind of Nigerians who, over the years, have lost interest and confidence in the transport sector. However, the operators seem to be pro-active in their ploy to effectively bring back rail transport into the Nigerian transport scheme. Assuring commuters and stakeholders, the

Nigerian Railway headquarters in Ebute-Metta, Lagos

chairman, Nigerian Railway Board, Alhaji Kawu Baraje, said the Corporation had once again put to action its commitment to enhance its passenger carriage capability which goes a long way in bringing succour to the commuting public in terms of cost, safety, and health implications. In reality of the fact that Nigerians travel a lot, the Corporation is left with nothing else but to keep up the strategy of faithfully and consistently increasing both its passenger and freight train services. He said that the increase in the number of passenger train services, presently on the stable of the Corporation included the Lagos-Kano-Lagos passenger trains (three times weekly); LagosIlorin-Lagos passenger train (three times weekly) carrying 5,500 passengers; 16 Lagos Mass Transit

Trains carrying about 20,000 passengers daily between Ido/Apapa and Agbado/Ijoko and Kaduna City Mass Transit Trains. Baraje added that, “The Lagos-Kano Railway route, no doubt, is bringing a lot of socio-economic benefits to the development of our nation, such as providing employment, enhancing trade and commerce

within and between our communities, as well as taking pressure off our overstressed roads, thus, reducing frequency of road accidents. It is also expected to strengthen social integration and inter-cultural relationships. “The Federal Government, under the leadership of His

With the Western line becoming busier with more passenger trains carrying travellers to various parts of the country, social integration and inter-cultural relationships would be more enhanced and small scale trading activities would increase within the towns and villages along the track corridors

Excellency, Dr Goodluck Jonathan, is poised on repositioning the nation’s rail transport industry with the conviction that the national economy will ultimately witness sustainable growth if the railway system is strategically sustained as the infrastructural pillar of the economy.” He noted that to further increase the Corporation’s rolling stock and invariably the carrying capacity that becomes necessary and inevitable, the NRC enjoys marked increase in market share of freights and passenger traffic offer. The Corporation, he stated, would be taking delivery of two sets of Diesel Multiple Units (DMUs) with four 68-seater modern coaches for mass transit services to the commuting public before the end of the year. He affirmed that “the importance of unhindered carriage of freights and passengers by rail cannot

be over-emphasised especially when considered on economic, social, and environmental aspects of sustainability. Lives are made more liveable and elongated with the movement of people by rail. The nation will be saved from the embarrassment and huge losses inherent in road accidents as a result of the road network being exposed to too much pressure it never was designed for. “The additive nature of rail transport mode, if utilised to the maximal limit, will make our road network less hazardous to ply, long lasting, and relatively cheap to maintain. Aside this, the atmospheric and environmental pollution coming from emission of these trucks and other vehicles will be most significantly reduced and the better for our health and well-being,” Baraje opined.




Re: Is the North a lip? (II)


he Qur’an gave us a practical demonstration of the kind of fairness required of us in speech and judgment when it tells us about alcohol and gamble. Although these are unambiguously prohibited by the Qur’an, but when it comes to describing the essential character of the two, it was fair enough to state the fact that they contain some benefit even though very little compared to their harms and evil. That is insaf. We also see its practical application from the hadith reported by Imam al-Bukhari, in which the Prophet (SAW) affirmed the saying of a Satan about the virtue of Ayatul Kursiyy that it gives protection to whoever recites it while retiring to bed for sleep. The Prophet (SAW) said, as far as that particular statement from him was concerned, he spoke the truth, even though he were a great liar. The point here is that because of insaf, the Prophet affirmed his statement of truth regardless of the fact that he was Satan. That is what is expected of intellectual icons like Mallam Adamu Adamu, and it is this kind of fair-minded approach to issues and treatment of people that would foster and promote mutual understanding, mutual respect and unity in the Ummah. But Mallam Adamu’s failure in this regard is very glaring. When he was writing last year on the Saudis and Hajj, he was able to identify whatever sort of thing he thought was evil which the Saudi authorities and scholars did against Islam and the Muslim Ummah, but could not have the fairness to say anything positive about their handling of Hajj and other Islamic rites and institutions. Conversely however, in many of his writings, he would go to any length to defend or justify the words, actions and perspectives, postures and dispositions of Iran even if in absurdity and futility. Let nobody make the mistake of thinking that I am out to hold brief for any particular scholar or group of preachers even when they have numerous failures, lapses and errors of omission and commission. None of our scholars is infallible, just as no Islamic group is being led by angels. Therefore, all our Islamic scholars and their various respective groups have their good and bad sides. They do right in some instances and they fall into error at other instances. Some are closer to righteousness and uprightness in creed and character, others are farther away. The point I am making, therefore, is that we must be fair to ourselves. That entails acknowledging a person’s or group’s positive side and constructively criticize his/its negative side without any sort of element of mischief, malice or vilification. That is the only way we would engender mutual tolerance, understanding and unity in the Ummah, and the nation at large. So far I have only attempted to take on Mallam Adamu Adamu from a general perspective. At this point I would begin to pick him up on certain specific aspects of that write up. Reading through it one would be disappointed by either deliberate distortion of historical facts or

evading them, as the case may be, it should not surprise anyone if he or being economical with the truth, indicts the Nigerian Muslim Ummah casting aspersions here and there, that is predominantly, 99.9% some all of which smack of snobbery, may say, Sunni Muslims. The mischief and malice. In the first resentment, bile and hate that instance, what would become clear Shiites hold against the Sunni are to a careful reader of that article is no small. Throughout history, they that Mallam Adamu was obviously are known to have supported nonroundly putting the blame for the Muslims against the Sunni whom prevaility atmosphere of animosity between Muslims and Christians in this country upon Muslims. At some point of course he made a faint allusion By Husain Zakariyya to the fact that both Yawale sides of the divide have their share of +234-8052952900 (sms only) blames, but it was glaring that Mallam Adamu heaped the greater part, if not wholesomely, they consider as infidels. on the Muslims. Mallam Adamu Coming to his accusation of seemed to have alluded or rather Sheikh Abubakar Mahmud Gumi insinuated that afterall, it was the as the person that made a statement Christians that not only showed that “constituted the first dagger greater restraint or tolerance, but thrown at inter-faith relations”, some prominent figures among them one may only wonder how Mallam even made the rarest of sacrifice to Adamu could have forgotten some


Sheikh Dahiru Usman Bauchi not only keep the North together and the country as a whole. I tried to find explanations to this posture but could only arrive at two. First, I said look! Mallam Adamu was on a peace mission, trying to make amends and build bridges, and so, out of eagerness to pacify the Christians he would do a costly kaara (looking the other way on the wrongs of others). But on a second thought I quickly dismissed that explanation (which was born out of husn al zhann), and I said to myself, would the Mallam Adamu Adamu I knew be so naïve and stupid to do that? I was, therefore, compelled by my second thought to look for another explanation which goes like this. As a typical Shiite, although as I said earlier, he always plays the ostrich in that regard, courtesy of taqiyyah,

of the late seventies? Still on the issue of General Murtala’s assassination, Mallam Adamu can have the right to read the meaning he read from the statement made by the Sheikh on that, but for those of us that grew up in communities that are rather heterogeneous, we have every reason to agree with the position taken by the Sheikh because we knew pretty well and we did witness how the Christians with whom we lived celebrated Dimka as a hero, and were thus, happy with the assassination. In my home town in of Tafawa Balewa, the Sayawa Christians even composed a song in praise of Dimka, which they used to chant and dance during their religious and cultural festivities like the Christmas and New Year celebrations. For the avoidance of

Late Sheikh Abubakar Mahmud Gumi of the very spectacular incidents in our country that first sew the seed of discord and mutual distrust between Muslims and Christians. How would Mallam Adamu have forgotten the incidence of the first coup d’état that was exclusively planned by a group of military officers from one particular religion and ethnic group, and specifically also targeting leaders from one particular religion, ethnic group and region or those who appeared to be their sincere friends and allies like Akintola. Thenceforth, several other incidents happened that led to very unfortunate things like the a ware (cessation derive) and the civil war of unworthy memory? Was it the preaching of the Sheikh that led to that? Did Mallam Adamu also forget the embers of discord that were fanned on the Shari’ah debate

doubt, the opening stanza of the song was, “Dimka duu Murtala, Dimka duu Murtala, kai, kai Dimka duu Murtala”- (“Dimka has hit (killed) Murtala!, Dimka has hit Murtala!!, oh, oh, Dimka has hit Murtala!!!”). I was around ten years old then, in primary two, old enough to understand the mood of the singers and dancers. Of course, Mallam Adamu could say that that action did not receive media coverage like the statement made by the Sheikh, and could not have done any damage on the perceptual and relational atmosphere between Muslims and Christians in the country. Whatever the case may be, the fact remains that there were actions and utterances from the Christians that confirmed the position taken by the Sheikh. One other historical fact that may

further dismiss Mallam Adamu’s line of thinking is the fact that in our kind of multi-ethnic and multi-religious communities, the obnoxious settlerindigene animosity even predated Nigerian independence. Mallam Adamu should know that in my home town our parents used to take precautionary measures on every Sallah day when they were going to the Eid ground for fear of attack by their Christian neighbours because it did happen a couple of times in 1956 and 1958. Was it the preaching of Sheikh Gummi that created this kind of hostility then? The fact of the matter is that the resentment held by Christians in the North against Muslims predated the Tafsir of Sheikh Gummi. Books and other scripts written by them are replete with a lot of venomous and uncomplimentary statements against what they perceive to be Hausa/Fulani subjugation and oppression. One case in point, among many others is Bishop Kukah’s “Religion, Politics and Power in Northern Nigeria”, published in 1993. It may interest Mallam Adamu Adamu to recall, because I believe he must have read Kukah’s book, how he made a lot of scathing and caustic remarks about our revered leaders like the Sardauna, and the entire Sokoto Caliphate establishment. A further confirmation of this kind of resentment and bigotry held by some Northern Christians against Muslims even before Sheikh Gumi started his Tafsir is what Dr. Usman Kane reported in his book titled, “Muslim Modernity in PostColonial Nigeria, p.19. Dr. Kane was narrating what Bishop Kukah told Dr. Walter Miller, who was described by Ayandele (1966) as “the most fanatical and perhaps the most dedicated Christian missionary in Northern Nigeria”. What did Bishop Kukah tell Dr. Miller?. He said to him, “I remember when I was a kid, if I was eating too quickly my grandmother used to say, “why are you eating as if you are running from Hausas?”. One other manifestation of Mallam Adamu’s unfairness in treating Sheikh Gummi and the group of his followers is his several assertions on the effect of their pattern of preaching on MuslimChristian relations in the North. Obviously, as far as his submissions are concerned, Sheikh Gummi and his disciples were solely responsible for frightening the Christians, which invariably led to the incessant, intermittent and internecine ethnoreligious crises that have been occurring in Plateau and Kaduna States. The prevailing insecurity situation in the North, including the emergence of Boko Haram are all fall outs of the Jihadist preaching of the Sheikh and his disciples. But if we review all the Islamic religious currents and activities of the late 70s through the 80s and 90s, it would become clear that unless one chooses to be economical with the truth or unless one was just out to make mischief and heap up malicious accusations one cannot make these kinds of assertions against one particular group.




Coalition of the unwilling ANALYSIS

By Hassan Haruna Ginsau


he term coalition of the willing is a post-1990 political phrase used to collectively describe participants in military interventions for which the United Nations Security Council cannot agree to mount a full UN peacekeeping operation. The most well-known example of its use is by President George W. Bush during the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq. 10 years ago President Bush cajoled many nations and to some extent the world into believing that Saddam Hussein had weapons of Mass destruction that posed a threat to US security and that of their allies. Bush usedthese claims as justification of his country’s invasion and also to convince other nations to join him in the ‘military exercise’ that only technically ended 2 years ago, the Iraqi insurgency continues and has caused thousands of fatalities which have spiked in 2013. Prior to the attack, the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) found no evidence of WMD’s. After investigation following the invasion, the U.S. led Iraq Survey Group concluded that Iraq had ended its nuclear, chemical and biological programs in 1991 and had no active programs at the time of the invasion, Some U.S. officials also accused Iraqi PresidentSaddam Hussein of harboring and supporting al-Qaeda, but no evidence of a meaningful connection was ever found. Fast forward to this week when a team consisting of Secretary of State John Kerry , Defence secretary Chuck H a g e l , a n d Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff Martin Dempsey accused Assad of the same during a Senate foreign relations committee hearing on Syria. With memories of the events leading up to and during the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, many nations have developed a mistrust of US military actions abroad. “All of this [talk of striking Syria] makes one recall the events that happened 10 years ago, when, using false information about Iraqis having weapons of mass destruction, the U.S.bypassed the United Nations and started a scheme whose consequences are well known to everyone,” Russia’s Foreign Ministry said in a statement last week. The United Nations charter generally does not allow nations to attack other nations unless the attack is in self- defence or has the approval of the UN Security Council, neither of which is the case in Syria. Thus, many see military strikes as illegal under international law

Putin (L), alongside Obama Needless to say, the ghost of the Iraq war is now haunting Prsident Obama’s planned attack on Bashar al- Assad’s Syria at home and abroad. Obama must distinguish himself from his predecessor in the eyes of a very skeptic global audience. The global community have raised questions on; first the reliability of U.S. intelligence about the chemical weapons and its use in an attack on the Syrian people. “Where is the proof that President Bashar al-Assad of Syria carried out the attack?” Although Obama has said intervention would be “limited in durationand scope”, there is fear of an escalating commitment and other unexpected outcomes. Outcomes which could include a spill over of violence across the already uneasy middle east There is also an enduring suspicion that the U.S. wants

to overthrow Middle Eastern regimes and impose democracy, and put leaders who are in line with them, as in the case of Afghanistan (Karzai was once an envoy to the U.S). Already, the UK parliament has blocked any chance of Britain’s military involvement in the conflict in a voteby 285 against and 272 in favour of military intervention. The UK was the U.S’ major ally during the Iraq war. Then PM Tony Blair, influenced by President Bush convinced the British public that their nation was going to war to topple Sadam, and seize his WMD’s. The German government has said it will not join the U.S if it launches a military attack on Syria. The opposition has categorically rejected military action, saying this would only lead to an escalation of the

violence. German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle has said “Our participation has not been requested, nor are we considering it,” he told “NeueOsnabrücker” newspaper. He explained that Germany was bound by very strict limitations in both case law and the German constitution. It will therefore not be joining a US-led “coalition of the willing.” A further blow to the United States’ efforts to act over the chemical weapons attack was The head of the Arab League ruling out military intervention in Syria, saying”it is not an option”. Following emergency meetings in Cairo on Monday, secretary-general, Nabil Elaraby, said the League held the Syrian regime of Bashar al-Assad responsible for the August 21 attack, but a “military option is

The UK was the U.S’ major ally during the Iraq war. Then PM Tony Blair, influenced by President Bush convinced the British public that their nation was going to war to topple Sadam, and seize his WMD’s.

out of the question”. NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen has also said military action in Syria was out of the question. “My answer is very short. NATO has no intention (to intervene) whatsoever. I can completely rule that out,” he told reporters in a trip to Tripoli Bulgarian Defense Minister Angel Naydenovhas also ruled out any involvement, saying his country would not participate in a “coalition of the willing” in Syria. “Our country is highly reluctant about such an option,” Naydenov said during the opening of a new academic year at the National Defense Academy. With NATO, Germany, UK, The Arab league,Russia, China, andprobably all South American nations all excluding themselves from any involvement in military intervention on Syria (for now), it leaves the US in a very precarious position going into a conflict that has claimed over 100,000 lives and displaced millions. It now seems that the U.S’ main ally will be France, they though have said they would not act alone on Syria if U.S rules out a strike. That leaves a sure ally in Turkey, with Prime Minister TayyipErdoganreiterating on Wdnesdaythat Turkey would take part in any international coalition against Syria,he however stopped short of saying whether that would include military action. With a vote to take place in the U.S Congress on Monday, it remains to be seen whether the U.S will even get a chance to strike Syria, and if it does for how long, and importantly with whom?




Jonathan seeks closer cooperation during Kenya visit


igerian President Goodluck Jonathan began a three-day visit to Kenya yesterday to seek cooperation between Nigeria and Kenya, East Africa’s biggest economy. The Nigerian leader will be met by his Kenyan counterpart Uhuru Kenyatta and his wife Margaret at the airport of Nairobi, the capital of Kenya, according to an official statement. The visit is expected to further bilateral cooperation after President Kenyatta’s visit to Nigeria in July. Today talks between the two countries will focus on the expansion of cooperation in the areas of trade,

Jonathan (L), alongside Kenyatta

economy, including agriculture, tourism and investment. Jonathan is accompanied on the trip by his wife Patience and government officials including the ministers of foreign affairs, agriculture and rural development, industry, trade and investment. President Jonathan and the officials are also billed to participate in a business forum with leading Kenyan and Nigerian investors, after which he will address a joint session of the host country’s parliament and Nigerians residing in Kenya. The president and his team will return to Abuja Tomorrow.

Egypt minister warns of terrorism wave after assassination attempt T he Egyptian interior minister survived an assassination attempt unscathed yesterday when a car bomb blew up his convoy and he said afterwards that a wave of terrorism by opponents of the military-installed government was just beginning. The minister, Mohamed Ibrahim, had been involved in overseeing a violent crackdown on supporters of Mohamed Mursi, the elected Islamist president who was overthrown two months ago by the army following mass protests against his rule. No organization immediately claimed responsibility for the attack, the biggest yet on the new government. Mursi’s Muslim Brotherhood accused by the government of terrorism and inciting violence - condemned it. But it showed the risk that Egypt’s political crisis could spawn a wave of Islamist attacks like those in the 1980s and 1990s. “What happened today is not the end but the beginning,” Ibrahim said. TheheadofCairosecurity,OsamaAl-

Saghir, said the ambush began seconds afterIbrahimlefthishouseinthecapital’s Nasr City on his way to work. A car driving ahead of the convoy exploded and the minister’s armored car also came under heavy gunfire, Saghir told the newspaper Al-Ahram. “The driver of the car bomb met his end, and the investigators found the remains of another body that are being examined,” he said. Senior Brotherhood leader AmrDarrag issued a statement on behalf of the Brotherhood-led Anti-Coup Alliance saying it strongly condemned the attack. Mursi, Egypt’s first democraticallyelected president, was overthrown on July3.Thenewauthoritieshaveimposed a state of emergency and nightly curfews, andMursiandmostoftheBrotherhood’s leaders have been arrested. Morethan900ofitssupportershave been killed, many of them when security forces attacked pro-Mursi protest camps in Cairo on August 14, and at least 2,000 rounded up. About 100 members of the

Scenes following the bomb attack security forces have also been killed in the political violence. The Muslim Brotherhood says it is committed to peaceful resistance and has twice in the last week brought thousands onto the streets to denounce what it calls a coup against

democracy. Ibrahim said earlier this week he had been informed of plans to kill him and that “foreign elements” were involved. Armed forces chief General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi had supplied him with an armored car, he said.

Kenya parliament votes to withdraw from ICC …Court says trials must go ahead K enya’s parliament voted in favor of telling the government to withdraw from the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court where the country’s president and deputy face trial for crimes against humanity for violence after the 2007 election. Parliament is dominated by the alliance that brought President Uhuru Kenyatta and his deputy William Ruto to power in a March vote. The two men are accused of orchestrating post-election bloodshed more than five years ago. Both deny the charges. Kenya becomes the first country to withdraw its membership from the The Hague-based court

Any actual withdrawal requires the submission of a formal request to the United Nations, a process that would take at least a year. A withdrawal could however preclude the ICC from investigating and prosecuting any future crimes. Meanwhile the ICC has said justice must run its course in the cases against Kenya’s president and deputy president. “The judicial process is now in motion at the International Criminal Court. Justice must run its course,” said Fatou Bensouda, the court’s chief prosecutor, in a video

statement on the court’s website yesterday. Ruto’s trial comes about two months ahead of that of Kenyatta, who faces five charges of crimes against humanity, including murder, rape, persecution and deportation. Both Kenyatta and Ruto have said they will cooperate fully with the court and deny the charges against them. Also due to appear in The Hague is radio boss Joshua Arap Sang, accused of inciting violence. Many Kenyan politicians have branded the ICC a “neo-colonialist”

institution that only targets Africans, prompting the debate on a possible departure from the Rome Statute of the ICC. “Any law in this country or internationally like the Rome Statute can be repealed and can be amended,” said AsmanKamama, one of the lawmakers supporting a pull-out. “It is not cast in stone and we want to be the trail blazers in the continent.” The Jubilee Coalition of Kenyatta and Ruto dominate both Kenya’s National Assembly and Senate.

Malawi to feed poor with cash from president’s jet


alawi plans to use the $15 million it gained from selling its presidential jet to feed the more than 1 million people suffering chronic food shortages, the Treasury said on yesterday. Malawi angered Western donors, whose aid typically accounted for about 40 percent of the budget, when the government of late President Bingu wan Mutharika bought the 14-passenger Dassault Falcon 900EX aircraft in 2009. President Joyce Banda, who took over after Mutharika died of a heart attack in April 2012, made selling the plane a priority as she sought to repair the damage left by the previous president, who picked costly fights with donors that left the economy a shambles. “The $15 million we got from the sale of the presidential jet will be used to purchase maize locally to help feed the suffering masses and some of it will go towards legume production,” Treasury spokesman Nations Msowoya said. The $15 million represents over half the money allotted to buy maize until the end of March for the 1.46 million people listed as suffering from food shortages by the U.N.-affiliated Malawi Vulnerability Assessment Committee, Msowoya said. Britain, Malawi’s main bilateral donor, criticized the plane purchase and reduced its aid budget to Mutharika’s government by 3 million pounds ($4.7 million) because if it. However, Banda, who faces election next year, has won acclaim in the West for austerity measures and gestures to bolster the economy of the impoverished country. Banda has cut her salary by 30 percent and pledged to sell off 35 Mercedes Benz cars used by her cabinet. But moves such as a devaluation of the kwacha currency have stoked inflation, raised the price of food for rural poor and cut into her domestic support. The sale of the plane to the Virgin Islands companyBohnox Enterprise was announced in May. The luxury jet cost Malawi some $300,000 a year in maintenance and insurance, a government official said.




International Syria: US resolution on strike passes first hurdle in Senate Asia & Middle East Australia opposition proposes foreign aid cut


.S President Barack Obama’s effort to win legislative backing for military strikes against Syria passed its first hurdle on Wednesday when a Senate committee voted in favor, but the narrow margin of victory showed the depth of U.S. caution. In a possible sign of internal unrest in Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s ruling Alawite sect in the shadow of a likely U.S. intervention, Syrian opposition figures said General Ali Habib, a former defense minister, had defected. Syria denied the report. Washington and Syria’s main backer, Russia, remained publicly at odds as Obama tried to build his case for military action over chemical weapons before flying to Russia for a G20 summit hosted by President Vladimir Putin yesterday. With Obama focused on building international support, administration officials kept up their campaign of persuasion in Congress, where deep U.S. skepticism about going to war was reflected in a House of Representatives hearing. Still, after much jockeying over the exact wording, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee approved a resolution authorizing the use of military force in Syria in a vote that avoided party lines, with Democrats and Republicans on both sides. The action cleared the way for a vote in the full Senate, likely next week. The committee voted 10-7 in favor of a compromise resolution that sets a 60-day limit on any engagement in Syria, with a possible 30-day extension, and bars the use of U.S. troops on the ground for combat operations. The administration is trying to balance the views of many in Congress who want a narrowly defined resolution against hawks such as Senator John McCain, who has pushed for a broader resolution


Iran’s foreign ministry takes charge of nuclear talks

ustralia’s opposition says it will slash foreign aid, as it set out more planned cuts and policy costings two days before the general election. Shadow Treasurer Joe Hockey said the A$4.5bn ($4bn, £2.6bn) cut in foreign aid over three years would be diverted to domestic infrastructure projects. The announcement means the opposition has now set out total cuts of A$42bn. The ruling Labor party has criticised the timing of the figures’ release and called the data unrealistic. Opposition leader Tony Abbott currently leads Prime Minister Kevin Rudd in opinion polls ahead of Saturday’s election. The economy is a key issue, amid a slowdown in growth as Chinese demand for Australia’s resources weakens. The opposition Liberal-National coalition has already announced a A$31.5bn savings plan, which includes ending costs associated with the mining and carbon taxes - which it plans to abolish - and cutting public sector jobs. It also plans to rescind an planned increase in Australia’s refugee intake. Thursday’s announcement in Melbourne featured another A$9bn in cuts. “It is unsustainable to continue massive projected growth in foreign aid funding whilst the Australian economy continues at below trend growth,” Mr Hockey said in Melbourne. “Australia needs a stronger economy today so that it can be more generous in the future.” The coalition says it will be able to save another A$1bn with its Stop the Boats policy, which pledges to turn back asylum-seekers trying to make their way to Australia via Indonesia. Mr Hockey said that the coalition’s budget would improve the budget bottom line by A$6bn, and also reduce government debt by A$16bn by June 2017. Ahead of Mr Hockey’s announcement, Mr Abbott defended the coalition’s decision not to have the costings of two of its major policy proposals independently reviewed in the lead-up to the polls. He said policy planning on climate change and national broadband was “bulletproof”.



Obama that would allow direct U.S. support for rebels. The Senate committee adopted amendments proposed by McCain with policy goals of degrading Assad’s ability to use chemical weapons, increasing support for rebel forces and reversing battlefield momentum to create conditions for Assad’s removal. The authorization still faces significant resistance in Congress, where many lawmakers fear it could lead to a prolonged U.S. military involvement in Syria’s civil war and spark an escalation of regional violence. The full Senate is expected to vote on the resolution next week. The House of Representatives also must approve the measure. Obama said he would continue to try to persuade Putin of the need for punitive strikes on Assad for using

chemical weapons when the two meet in St. Petersburg. Following the failure of British Prime Minister David Cameron to win parliamentary backing for air strikes last week, Washington has been struggling to build an international coalition for action in the absence of a U.N. resolution. Kerry told lawmakers that at least 10 countries had pledged to participate in a U.S. military intervention in Syria, but he did not identify them nor say what roles they might play. France and Turkey are the most significant military powers lining up behind Obama. The French parliament debated Syria on Wednesday, though President Francois Hollande does not need approval for action. Obama has won the backing of key figures in the U.S. Congress, including among his Republican opponents.

But in a sign of the tough road still ahead, Democrats and Republicans took both sides in the Senate committee vote. Two Democrats, Tom Udall and Chris Murphy, joined Republicans Marco Rubio, John Barrasso, James Risch, Ron Johnson and Rand Paul in voting no. In the Senate, Democratic leader Harry Reid is guardedly confident that a majority of the 100 members will vote yes, but is still unsure if he can get the 60 votes needed to overcome Republican procedural roadblocks, aides said. In the 435-member House, a senior Republican aide predicted that most of the 50 or so Republicans backed by the anti-big government Tea Party movement will vote no. A number of Democratic liberals are also expected to vote against a resolution, placing the final outcome in doubt.

South Korea,North to reopen military hotline


outh Korea and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) decided to reopen a military hotline along the west coast, Yonhap News Agency quoted officials of Seoul’s unification ministry as saying yesterday. Seoul and Pyongyang made this decision in a sub-committee

meeting to discuss reopening of the Kaesong industrial complex. The restoration of the line was one of Seoul’s preconditions for reopening the joint park suspended for around five months. “As a preparatory step for the restoration, the two sides plan to make a test call at 9 a.m. (local time)

today,” Yonhap quoted a ministry official as saying. The military hotline, which allows cross-border travel to the jointly industrial complex, was cut off by the DPRK in March amid soaring tensions on the Korean Peninsula following Pyongyang’s third nuclear test on Feb. 1.


ranian President Hassan Rouhani says the foreign ministry will take charge of nuclear negotiations with the West. The move will give him more direct control over the talks, which have until now been conducted by the Supreme National Security Council. The council is appointed by and answerable to the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Khamenei. Correspondents say the change could herald a less hardline Iranian stance in the talks. The change had been rumoured for several weeks.

After Seoul and Pyongyang agreed in principle to normalize the inter-Korean factory park in midAugust, the two Koreas have held several rounds of meetings focusing on management, asset protection and global competitiveness of the joint industrial complex. Source: Xinhua

Western countries fear Iran wants to develop nuclear weapons - a claim it denies. Since 2007, Iran’s delegation at nuclear negotiations has been led by SaeedJalili, who was seen as highly loyal to Mr Khamenei. MrJalili also stood as a presidential candidate at this year’s election, on a platform perceived as espousing an aggressive policy abroad and limited political openness at home. The move makes it likely that Foreign Minister Mohammad JavadZarif will take over responsibility for talks.




G20: Drama as reshuffled seating arrangement keeps Putin away from Obama


n terms of table placement at least, the Russians are trying to avoid a fight. When world leaders filed into St Petersburg’s imperial Constantine Palace yesterday with the nightmare of Syria and a wider Middle Eastern war on their minds, presidents Vladimir Putin and Barack Obamasat distant from one another. The seating order, which would have had the Russian and US leaders separated only by the Saudi king, was reshuffled to put five leaders, including

David Cameron, between the two key adversaries over Syria and much else. “The seating will be arranged according to the English alphabet,” Putin’s spokesman, Dmitry Peskov, told the Moscow newspaper, Izvestiya. Had the Russian alphabet been used, Putin and Obama would have been almost cheek-by-jowl. If the rushed re-seating is one measure of the US-Russian tensions militating against a breakthrough arresting the slide to greater conflict over Syria, there are plenty more.

Edward Snowden, the National Security Agency whistleblower, holed up in Russia, wanted in America, is the most recent. The G20 summit was to have been preceded by an ObamaPutin bilateral summit. That has been cancelled, the first time a Washington-Moscow summit has been ditched in more than 50 years. “Obama’s famous reset was initiated. It didn’t work. Relations are really frosty,” said a senior EU official attending the G20. “US-Russia relations?

President Obama (L), listens as President Putin (R), speaks during the start of the G-20 Working Session

Things can’t really get much worse,” said Stefan Meister, Russia expert at the European Council on Foreign relations in Berlin. G20 summits traditionally focus on the global economy. But with leaders relatively sanguine that five years of financial crisis have bottomed out, there is no doubt that Syria will preoccupy the summiteers. Simultaneously, European foreign and defence ministers will grapple with their Middle Eastern options in nearby Vilnius in Lithuania, with the US secretary of state, John Kerry, expected to join them. One problem here is that there is no European policy. Since Putin re-occupied the Kremlin last year, relations with Washington have gone from bad to worse. Obama kicked off his first term by talking of pressing the reset button with Moscow. These days he compares his Russian counterpart to a tiresome schoolboy. “He’s got that kind of slouch, looking like the bored kid in the back of the classroom,” Obama said of Putin last month after cancelling a summit with him. Putin jabbed back on Tuesday. “We work, we argue about some issues. We are human. Sometimes one of us gets vexed.”

Thousands of teachers protest new Mexico education reform


ens of thousands of teachers have demonstrated in Mexico City, many pledging to disobey an education reform passed by Congress and championed by President Enrique Pena Nieto. Mexico’s Senate overwhelmingly passed a sweeping reform of the dysfunctional public school system early on Wednesday, handing Nieto an important victory in his push to remake some of his country’s worstrun institutions. The Senate gave the nod to the final so-called secondary law of an education bill that regulates the tests that Nieto says teachers should take

periodically to ensure they are up to standard. New teachers could lose their teaching jobs if they fail.The Lower House approved the bill on Sunday. The Senate debated the issue on Tuesday evening and in the early hours of Wednesday morning voted 102-22 in favour of a standardised system of test-based hiring and promotion that would give the government the tools to break teachers unions’ near-total control of school staffing. That control includes the corrupt sale and inheritance of teaching jobs, and it has been widely blamed for

the poor performance of Mexican schools, which have higher relative costs and worse results than any other in the 34-nation Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). “The inheritance and sale of jobs has ended,” Education Secretary Emilio Chuayffet said on Twitter. The late-night vote clears a path for Pena Nieto to move forward with a series of even more controversial reforms, including a measure that would violate one of modern Mexico’s longest-standing taboos by allowing private investment in the state-run oil company.

Education advocates say a series of concessions to the National Education Workers’ Coordinating Committee (CNTE), one of the two main teachers unions, undermined the reform’s ability to create true change in the national education system. “The only way to defend what is being taken from us today is through mobilisation,” said Francisco Villalobos, a teachers’ union leader while addressing protesters. Reform advocates called the law an important first step, but said much more remained to be done in order to change the system.

Dozens injured as 130 vehicles crash in UK


ozens of people were injured as more than 130 vehicles were involved in a series of crashes in thick fog on the A249 Sheppey crossing in Kent yesterday. Eight of those hurt in the collisions, which took place at about 07:15 BST, have serious injuries. Ambulance crews said 27 casualties needed hospital treatment and they dealt with 200 people at the scene. Firefighters said they had freed five people from their vehicles on the southbound carriageway. One witness said visibility had been very poor at the time of the crash but drivers were approaching the crossing with no lights. Others at the scene described a mass of tangled cars, lorries, and a car transporter. Some reports said the crash went on for 10 minutes as cars

continuously collided with each other. The national speed limit applies to the dual carriageway crossing, with cars able to travel up to at 70mph, the Highways Agency said. South East Coast Ambulance Service (Secamb) said eight people were seriously injured with a further 27 requiring hospital treatment. A Secamb spokesman said a further 200 people were either treated for minor injuries or given advice should symptoms develop later. Driver Martin Stammers said the scene was “horrendous” and described seeing cars under lorries and people lying on the floor. He said visibility was about 10 to 20 yards when he approached the bridge and saw five cars smashed into each other with one across the outside lane. He said he managed to squeeze

Europe and Americas ‘No military solution in Syria,’ EU warns


urope’s top officials warned against a military response in Syria yesterday, aligning themselves more closely with Russian President Vladimir Putin than President Barack Obama in how best to respond to the chemical attack in the Syrian civil war. While describing the August 21 attack near Damascus, in which an estimated 1,400 people died, as “abhorrent” and a crime against humanity, European Council President Herman Van Rompuy said a military strike would not help resolve the crisis. “There is no military solution to the Syrian conflict,” Van Rompuy told reporters ahead of a summit of the Group of 20 countries this week in St Petersburg, when the two and a half year-old conflict in Syria is expected to dominate debate along with discussion on the global economy. “Only a political solution can end the terrible bloodshed, grave violations of human rights and the far-reaching destruction of Syria,” Van Rompuy said. “While respecting the recent calls for action, we underscore at the same time the need to move forward with addressing the Syrian crisis through the U.N. process.” His position, supported by European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso, would appear to set the European Union at odds with the United States, since Obama has said he is prepared to launch military strikes once he has approval from the U.S. Congress, where votes are expected next week. It also suggests internal divisions within the European Union. France, which with Britain is the most influential of the EU’s 28 member states on foreign policy, has said it will support any military action taken by Washington. British Prime Minister David Cameron was also keen to support military intervention, but he lost a parliamentary vote on the issue last week and Britain will not take part. The position set out by Van Rompuy and Barroso effectively calls for the international community to work through the United Nations in determining the response to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his government. That is not dissimilar to the line adopted by Putin, a firm ally of Assad, who has condemned the U.S. rush to action and goaded U.S. officials for the mistakes made in the invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan. Putin has also accused NATO of exceeding the bounds of a 2011 U.N. mandate for intervention in Libya.

Some of the damaged cars through a gap between that car and the central reservation, he said. “For 10 minutes afterwards, all we could hear was screeching, cars thudding into each other, lorries crashing,” he added.

He said he and his son ran to warn other drivers and warn cars to slow down. “Later, a woman came up to us sobbing saying, ‘thank you, thank you, you saved my life’,” he said.

Van Rompuy



Strange World

Woman wears different costume every day for a year

Mary showing off her many costumes

Mary showing off her many costumes


ary Saba, a young Australian woman whose favorite hobby is creating funny costumes, challenged herselftowearadifferentoneeverydayfor a whole year. Since most of her costume werehomemade,Maryonlyneeded$440 to reach her goal. Even before she started her original project,Mary’sfriendscalledher“costume queen” for the time and passion she put into every one of her wacky outfits. She had always enjoyed creating funny attires and having people walk up to her just to say how cool they think she looks.

“Most people have regular hobbies – reading, writing, dancing, playing sports – but I always received most enjoyment from creating a really funny costume,” Mary writes on her ThemeMe blog, where she documented her personal challenge. The idea to create and wear 365 different costumes came to her around Christmas, in 2011, when she decided to dress in a series of green and red outfits every day during the last week of work, as a way of getting into the festive spirit of the Holidays. One day, she overheard some of her colleagues discussing which ones of her costumes they liked most, and that’s when she

realized just how much her dressing habit entertained those around her. Mary then thought of The Uniform Project, where a girl pledged to style a black dress differently everyday for 365 days as an exercise in sustainable fashion, and it all just came together in her head. She decided kicking off the funny costume challenge on the day she turned 26 would be a really special way to celebrate her birthday, so on June 28, 2012 she wore her first outfit, that of Little Red Riding Hood, which happens to be one of her favorite childhood stories. She photographed herself wearing

a different funny costume every day after that, until June 27, 2013 when she celebrated her completed challenge by organizing a costume party. She traveled on public transportation and went to work dressed as an OoompaLoompa, the Little Mermaid, Kylie Minogue ,Xena – Warrior Princess, King Kong or Marilyn Monroe, among many others, and while she did get some funny stares from people along the way, Mary says she loved every second of it. Seeing her dressed as a different character every day or an entire year, many people asked Mary about the financial cost of her challenge. They were surprisedtolearnthatallthe365costumes

combined cost the young Australian just $440. That’s because she made all of them herselfusingthemanyoutfitsandpropsin herwardrobe,aswellascardboard,plastic and stuff she picked off from the local charity shop every weekend. She planned all her costumes in advance, by searching for special occasions for that day, celebrity birthdays or by taking suggestions from users of her blog. After completing her year-long project, Mary celebrated by organizing a costumepartywithherfriendsandfamily. Now that she’s done, Mary Saba is enjoying all the free time, but she’s also taking suggestions for a new challenge.

Man puts out candles meters away with energy from punches


hang Feng, a 23-year-old man from Zhengzhou, China, has apparently mastered a unique kungfu technique he calls “Shaolin Sunshine Hand”, which allows him to generate enough energy with his fists to put out candles up to three meters away. This you gotta see! Remember those cheesy Chinese kung-fu films we all used to watch during the 80s and 90s? I used to love seeing kung-fu masters blowing stuff and enemies away with their punches, but I kind of always knew it was just theatrics. After looking at this video that recently went viral in China, showing a nerdy dude throwing punches at a row of 15 candles and extinguishing them with air or energy generated by his flying fists, I’m not so sure anymore. I know, you’re convinced it’s a fake, and you’re not the only one, but the guy actually

invited a couple of reporters from the Zhengzhou Evening News newspaper into his home to try the feat themselves and then film him doing it. The two journalists gave it their best shot, but were only able to put out one of the 15 candles set 10 cm apart, and even blowing air didn’t kill all the flames. Zhang Feng, on the other hand, put them all out just by throwing punches. Needless to say the reporters were in awe and couldn’t explain how he did it. If they were in on the trick, shame on them, but maybe there is something to this uncanny Shaolin master. Feng says he has been practicing the art of air punching for the last eight years, after doing some online research. He found that the form of “Shaolin Sunshine Hand” was the easiest one among the 72 Matchless Skills of Shaolin, so he started practicing it. At first, he only managed to put out candles just 3 cm

away, but as time passed and his skills improved, he was able to extinguish a flame up to 3 meters away. But during these 8 years of training he used up more candles and lighters than he can remember, and at one point his family got so worried about his obsession that they forbade him from practicing. He continued to do it in secret, and although his family didn’t support his efforts, they stopped opposing him after a while, as long as he didn’t injure himself or set the house on fire. He did sprain his joints multiple times, but he never gave up. He just waited until his arms were better and started punching air again. But it’s not all in the fists, the spectacled Chinese says. He does a series of qigong exercises in order to balance his chi before every attempt, and says breathing plays an important role, as well. I used Google Translate to get

some info from the original article, but it wasn’t very clear. He says something about his lung capacity being limited and only being able

to throw four punches in rapid succession. You can check it out for yourself, maybe you can get something more out of it.

Zhang Feng puttingout the candles



Weekend Revue


Priyanka Chopra wants W to be like Beyonce B

Why will I marry a truck pusher? Benita Nzeribe

o l l y w o o d ’ s multitalented star Priyanka Chopra admires international pop star-cum-actress, Beyonce Knowles, for the balance that she has struck in personal and professional life. “I admire Beyonce a lot because she is an amazing performer and more than anything, she balances her personal and professional life very well,” Priyanka said . “She has a child, and at the same time, her professional life also, which is amazing. That is the kind of a person I would like to be - who can balance both personal and professional life together,” she added. Priyanka, who is charting her own singing career after becoming a successful actress, said it was her late father, who always wanted her to be a singer. The 31-year-old has already launched two international singles - “In my city” and “Exotic”. But it was a well-timed decision to get into the singing field, she believes. “In the beginning of my career, I never knew acting. I have learnt everything in my


Priyanka Chopra career itself. When you have gone to acting school, when you are in the film industry, there is some familiarity, but I didn’t

‘Game of Thrones’ recasts The Mountain for season 4


celandic actor, Hafthor Julius Bjornsson has been cast as Gregor Clegane in the upcoming fourth season of ‘Game of Thrones’, The Hollywood Reporter has confirmed. The actor let the cat out of the bag via Twitter writing “For all my fans, I am happy to tell you that I will be The mountain season 4 in ‘Game Of Thrones’ Bjornsson will be the third person to play The Mountain, brother of Sandor Clegane (Rory McCann). Conan Stevens played the part for two episodes in season one, while Ian Whyte took up the mantle in season 2. Whyte also played a giant and a White Walker in the HBO hit.

eeks after news made round that the fair skinned Nollywood thespian, Benita Nzeribe said she can get married to any man even if he’s a truckpusher, she has come out to debunk the news, saying its all blackmail. In a telephone chat with Reginald Chukwu of, the actress denied ever saying such a thing and that the person who reported the news has come out publicly to plead with her. ‘’Why would i say such a thing?for crying out loud, nobody wants to be associated with poverty. I only said material possession shouldn’t be the major reason one should be attracted to a man, that what the man has got inside of him matters. ‘’In other words, a man who has a bright future and a direction and knows where he is heading to is not bad getting married to, which was the answer I gave to the question in the interview, but unfortunately a journalist looking for a cheap publicity turned it around. “The same person who reported the news. I thank God saw me glittering in an event and knelt down pleading with me to forgive him for writing the false news.”

Gregor did not appear in season 3, but based on what happens in George R.R. Martin’s novels, the gigantic knight should have an expanded role in the upcoming season. The casting comes after last week’s reveal that Treme alum Michiel Huisman was joining the cast. Sources told THR he will replace Ed Skrein as Daario Naharis. Joseph Gatt was also recently confirmed to have joined the cast in an unspecified role, with fan speculation (fueled by his IMDB page) pegging him as Styr, Magnar of Thenn. Game of Thrones is expected to return next year on HBO.

have these familiarities. “So it took some time and when I reached somewhere, I got this opportunity of music

and that time I was little more comfortable in films and my dad really wanted me to do it,” Priyanka said.

Dino Melaye finally accepts paternity of actress Bisi Ibidapo’s child

Dino Melaye

Bisi Ibidapo

I A scene from the ‘Game of Throne’

f information making the rounds in the social circles is anything to go by, then the long drawn paternity battle between former member of the House of Representatives, Hon. Dino Melaye and Nollywood actress, Bisi Ibidapo may have come to a happy ending, after it was revealed that Dino has finally accepted to be the father of Bisi’s baby. recalls that this acceptance is coming just six

months after he claimed that he was not responsible. Bisi was reported to have broadcasted that Dino was the man who got her pregnant but Dino had denied being responsible for her pregnancy, saying the actress may be suffering from afternoon dream, claiming he had nothing to do with her. The brouhaha caused by the messy affair was so large that it pitted many of their friends and

families against each other. It was so dirty that a bitter Bisi declared that she would take care of her baby alone. Now sources close to the former honourable said he has accepted the paternal responsibility for the controversial baby and has been sending emissaries to Bisi to plead on his behalf, insisting that he is ready to accept the paternity of Bisi’s baby girl, who was proven without DNA test to be a split replica of Dino.



Weekend Revue Davido


avido has taken to his twitter handle to express disappointment in the forbes list of top 10 bankable African celebrities, leaving his name from the list. He posted on his twitter handle “Forbes Balu” words which looks like a diss to Forbes for leaving him out of a

list which has his arch rival Wizkid on it. A fan replied him saying, “Apparently forbes aren’t talking about artistes who inherited their father’s wealth” This obviously got at him and he retweeted, “Why be mad that my pops got money? Sorry ain’t my fault. Focus on the music. Damn, shits get annoying.”

Davido furious over Forbes snub Financial magazine, Forbes, in conjunction with ” Channel O” released the list of African Top 10 richest African musicians for 2013. The ranking is based on artist sales, social media presence, endorsement value , YouTube views, show rates influence, appearance in newspapers, investments , popularity and other factors.

Amitabh Bachchan, Rekha may romance again in ‘Welcome Back’


egastarAmitabhBachchanand actressRekhaarelikelytocome together for Anees Bazmee’s upcoming comedy film ‘Welcome Back’, Hollywood Reporter has said. Producer Firoz Nadiadwala and director Anees Bazmee are reportedly in talks with Bachchan and Rekha for the sequel of their 2007 hit Welcome.

Big B has already been approached to play the role of RDX - a don played by the late actor Feroz Khan in the first part, while Rekha has been offered to play the role of a wealthy fashionista. “We are considering Rekhaji for a role which will have love angle between Nana and Anil. But it is too early to talk about all this as nothing is decided Rekha

Amitabh Bachchan

and confirmed. As there are three-four veteran actresses that we are thinking of it all depends if they like it or not, their dates and money issues,” Bazmee told PTI. Bazmee has not yet met Rekha or narrated the part to her. “I am a huge fan of Rekhaji. I wanted to work with her. I feel since it’s a comedy film, Rekhaji will do justice to her part as she has a superb comic timing,” he said. The erstwhile reel life couple whose onscreen and offscreen relationship has always provided a fodder to Bollywood gossip mills. The two first acted in Do Anjaane (1976) and went to do films like Muqaddar Ka Sikander (1978), Mr Natwarlal (1979), Suhaag (1979), Silsila (1981) to name a few. Actors Nana Patekar and Anil Kapoor will be reprising their roles in Welcome Back, while John Abraham and Shruti Hassan are the new additions. The film is expected to go on floors in a month’s time.

Romance with Rishi Kapoor was tough for me – Sushant


ndia Today has said that actor, Sushant Singh Rajput will be seen with two actresses in “Shuddh Desi Romance”. The actor said creating ‘romance’ with veteran actor Rishi Kapoor was challenging for him. The film, releasing today, features Parineeti Chopra and debutant Vaani Kapoor. “When I met both of them, they already knew and were ready to create that romance. But the real problem I had in creating romance was with Rishi Kapoor,” the 28-year-old said.

Sushant and his partner on location

(1) AKON– Senegalese-American top the list — Founder of Konvict Music, opened doors with other African artiste such as P-Square and Wizkid . (2) DON JAZZY – Rank as Best African and Nigeria Music Producer. CEO Mavin Records, Samsung, Loyal Milk and MTN as their brand ambassador, influential producer. Having producer songs for D’Banj, Kanye West, Beyonce and American rap mogul Jay Z on production credit. (3) P SQUARE – Ranked as Best African Music Group. Featured on Forbes magazine for Africa twice, sold out concert, presidential guest in at least 5 African countries, they fly private jet. (4) D’BANJ – CEO of DB Records, Music Artiste. International music brand, GOOD Music, Def Jam, Mercury deal, Sony Entertainment Music distribution deal. (5) WIZKID – Music Artiste. EME artiste, Starboy CEO, affiliation with Disturbing London, international collaboration with Wale and others, performed Twice on state with American pop singer Chris Brown, highest paid Pepsi ambassador in

Africa, ambassador of MTN. 6) 2FACE IDIBIA – Music artiste. Produces 10 million disc and have at least 7 million digital sale, UN ambassador For Youth And Peace, associated with Guinness, Haven Homes, Airtel Worldwide and philanthropist – Tuface Idibia Foundation. 7. ANSELMO RALPH – Music Artiste Samsung and Coca Cola Ambassador, called Angola prince, Perfume line, clothing label, multimillion dollar tour bus, Sony Music African artist. 8. SARKODIE – Ghanian Rapper. Presidential youth ambassador in Ghana, Sark clothing, Samsung and Fan Milk ambassador in Ghana 9. ICE PRINCE – Music Artiste. Multi award winning rapper, having six million downloads, two studio owner, one foundation member, Plug N Play ambassador, Zamani Foundation 10. BANKY W – Music Artiste. Co owner EME, Samsung Ambassador, philanthropist, multiple award R&B And Soul winner.

Daniel Radcliffe mobbed by fans in toilet


he actor arrived in Italy to promote his latest film, ‘Kill Your Darlings’, and although overexcited fans pushed past bodyguards and police to get to him while he was in the bathroom, he remained calm and laughed the incident off. He said: “I’ve been dealing with it in various ways since I was 11. I don’t take it seriously, actually I think it’s funny.” The 24-year-old star has been a megastar since he was a boy thanks to his role as the titular wizard in the ‘Harry Potter’ franchise, but is now making the transition to more adult roles and ‘Kill Your Darlings’ - in which he plays beat poet Allen Ginsberg tackles issues of homosexuality and drug abuse. He added: “I love poetry and it was fantastic to get the part and have the opportunity to dive into Ginsberg’s life. “The diaries he made when he was young gave me an amazing insight into his character. “I’m incredibly grateful for the swirl of support behind me. My fans seem excited by the unconventional path I am taking.”

Daniel Radcliffe




All foods that you crave are driven by a lack of specific nutrients By Kerem Kurugh with agency report


nce we become aware of the foods that do not agree with our biochemistry, hormonal balance and digestion, we can rectify and tweak our diet to satisfy something larger that our body needs. Severe cravings can lead to binge eating and other eating disorders. If we know exactly why we crave a specific food, we can match the nutrient deficiency to a healthy bio-available source that can perfectly address all our cravings and leave us satiated all year round. When you hear your tummy growling or you get this “urge,” the problem is deciding whether you’re craving a food for emotional or physiological reasons or whether your body is truly hungry for food it needs. However, many dieters think of food cravings as a weakness, but 91 percent of participants in a calorie-restriction study experienced food cravings at the start. And even more had cravings

six months after dieting, nutritionists at university of Maiduguri say. In fact, accepting food cravings and keeping them in check may be an important component of weight management, Allowing yourself to have the foods you crave, but matching those cravings to healthy sources, may be one of the most important keys to successful weight control. Some of the most commonly craved foods among are those with high sugar plus fat, such as chocolate, and salty snacks, such as chips and French fries. For example, a craving for chocolate may signal a need for magnesium, which can be obtained from raw nuts, seeds, legumes and fruits.

Cravings for oil snacks and fatty foods may be a sign that you need more calcium from turnip greens, broccoli, kale, and raw cheese. Women experience greater sense of cravings than men and are more frequently on diets or restricting their diets. They also have more unstable weight, feel more frequently too heavy and want more frequently to lose weight. Mood is also related to food cravings but in a different way according to gender. A majority of female cravers experienced a more (depressed) mood state during the day, and a negative mood--such as annoyance, boredom, and depression--preceded the craving episodes. In contrast, men more commonly indulged in food craving in

association with a feeling of happiness. What biological factors may be at play to cause women to crave food more than men do? The gender difference observed could be due to a higher degree of weight concern in women. Social pressure for thinness-more pronounced in women--may (cause them to) more frequently restrict their diet and to follow a diet to lose weight. As these practices are associated with food cravings, they could be one explanation. Another possible explanation could be that women experience a different relationship between food and mood.

However, the relationships between food and mood are very complex, as is their underlying biological and psychological determination. For example, Lafay said, food craving does not appear to be a simple product of the need for calories and energy. People who report being hungry often crave salty foods more frequently. Food craving may be related to a ‘desire’ and not to a ‘need’, which indicates a psychological factor requires satisfying. However, for those individuals who have deficiencies in specific nutrients, the following chart summarizes the craving, the nutrient the body requires, and the food sources that effectively satisfy the food craving. Strong cravings for starchy, sugary foods often go hand in hand with being overweight, chronically tired, feeling blue or other symptoms of ill health. They can be the result of out of whack blood sugar levels, Candida (yeast overgrowth), and adrenal fatigue. These imbalances can potentially cause disease, premature aging, and us to feel far less than our most

fabulous selves. “You crave what you eat, so if you switch what you’re eating, you can weaken your old cravings and strengthen new ones. Research shows that even after 5 days you will find that your body will yearn for your trigger foods far less, and after two weeks the cravings are nearly gone. On a physical level, your blood sugar will begin to balance out, so your body won’t be crying out for foods that it falsely thinks will balance things out. On an emotional level, you will know that it is possible to live without those foods, and you will most likely notice some improvement in your wellbeing, which will keep you motivated.





The new iPhone(s) looks set to be revealed on September 10th


he new iPhone looks set to be revealed in September; and if a report from All Things D is to be believed, September 10th (next Tuesday) is the date to circle. Though we shouldn’t expect significant innovations or improvements until next year, there are still likely to be a number exciting features that should spark you interest. So what can we expect from the new iPhone? Summary: • Same design as iPhone 5 • Apple rumored to be discontinuing production of other phones to focus solely on its upcoming new models. • Same 4 inch screen size but possibly of a different display which… • …may bring better battery life • Better 12-13mp camera with dual-LED Flash • Fingerprint reader • New cheaper iPhone, most likely to be named iPhone 5C with possible new color options, 3.5inch screen and a 5MP camera In Detail: Same design as iPhone 5 The next iPhone should look and feel identical to the iPhone 5. Whilst you would expect all iPhone 5 cases and accessories to work just fine, the 4S and 4 had minor differences in placement that could affect some accessories. Whilst rumors of multiple colors for a new cheaper iPhone

(detailed below) may be true, we think it’s unlikely we’ll see multiple colors (outside of black and white) available for the upcoming iPhone, likely to be named iPhone 5S. Apple likely to discontinue production of other phones First reported by Korean site, Apple is likely to discontinue production of its other phones to focus on the new iPhone and its new cheaper iPhone, detailed below. This is not keeping in trend with previous models which Apple continues to produce and only discontinues after several years. Apparently the iPhone 5′s in-cell screen technology is “not suitable for low-volume production.” Same 4 inch screen size but possibility of a different display The new iPhone display is likely to be identical to its predecessor – 4-inch display and the same 1136 x 640 Retina Display – however according toExtremeTech, the new iPhone is likely to come equipped with Sharp’s IGZO (indium gallium zinc oxide) display which offer a few benefits over conventional displays, namely: better battery life and potentially, reduced cost. Better battery life & performance Whilst we can expect to see a better battery life thanks to Sharp’s IGZO display, detailed above, we can also expect battery life thanks to a new A7 Chip and higher capacity battery. MacRumors posted images reportedly detailing the interiors of the new iPhone.

This rumor has been floating round for some time and it looks finally set to become reality. There’s heavy speculation that a lower-cost iPhone will be released.

... here’s what to expect

The A7 chip is built by Samsung, Apple’s current archrival, and features much improved processing speed. The higher capacity battery, reportedly 8% higher, has been included in the same iPhone 5 size shell by making the logic board slightly narrower. Significantly better battery life will be a timely move from Apple considering its recent Macbook Air battery life upgrade that didn’t require a larger design. 12 Mega-pixel slow motion capable camera with dual-LED Flash Photos first posted on Chinese Website EXPReview reveal what is believed to be a 12-megapixel camera with a larger aperture for improved low light photography. The camera is also rumored to include a pill shaped dual-LED flash which should provide better lighting and more accurate color saturation and brightness in photos. A slow motion camera is also likely to be exclusive to the new iPhone, akin to Siri’s appearance in the iPhone 4s. Slow motion

photography requires a camera with a fast frame rate, and a new feature called “Mogul”, spotted by 9to5Mac, appears to allow the camera to capture video at “an exceptionally fast and precise rate.” Phone 5S Fingerprint Sensor One feature that appears to be almost certain to make an appearance on the new iPhone is a fingerprint sensor. The iOS 7 beta 4 release included a reference to the fingerprint sensor along with code that indicates a new biometric sensor will be embedded in the iPhone’s home button. It’s unclear whether the sensor will be used solely for unlocking the iPhone or perhaps for payments and more. It’s also unclear as to whether Apple will provide an API to allow apps to use the feature. Apple, naturally, declines to comment on features but it’s telling and timely that the company purchased AuthenTec, a company that makes hardware security sensors, last year. Cheaper iPhone

This rumor has been floating round for some time and it looks finally set to become reality. There’s heavy speculation that a lower-cost iPhone will be released. Images posted on French site, Nowhereelse. fr reveals the name to be iPhone 5c with the “c” representing “colors” as opposed to “cheap.” If true, It will be the first time in Apple’s iPhone history that the company has unveiled two handsets in the same month. It is worth noting however that earlier this year, Phil Schiller, Apple’s marketing chief, told Chinese newspaper, the Shanghai Evening News, that ‘despite the popularity of cheap smartphones, this will never be the future of Apple’s products.’ On August 10th, Vietnamese website Tinhte, which has an impressive history of pre-release leaks for Apple products, posted what it claims are mock ups of two next-generation iPhones. It’s a safe bet that the new iPhone and its cheaper iPhone 5c model will closely resemble the below images. Source: News360




Why shouting makes teenagers worse

By Nick Mcdermott


iddle-class parents who shout at their teenage children are increasing their risk of depression and troubled behaviour. Even if parents enjoy a close relationship with their son and daughter, harsh verbal discipline was found have a dramatic impact on their teens emotional development, a study found. This form of discipline can vary from yelling and shouting at a child, to swearing and using words to humiliate them. Scientists looked at 976 two-parent families in the US, the majority of which were

middle-class. They found that many shifted from physical to verbal discipline as their children entered adolescence. They also discovered that more severe forms of harsh verbal discipline were commonplace, and directed at teens in nearly half of households. The researchers found if parents use such punishment when their child is 13, the teen is more likely to have behavioural or emotional problems later on. These youngsters tended to suffer more depressive symptoms between ages 13 and 14 than children who were not disciplined in this manner, while they were also more likely to have conduct problems such as misbehaving at school, lying,

stealing, or fighting. ‘This is one of the first studies to indicate that parents’ harsh verbal discipline is damaging to the developing adolescent,’ said lead researcher Dr Ming-Te Wang, assistant professor of psychology in education at the University of Pittsburgh. ‘The notion that harsh discipline is without consequence, once there is a Effect: Children whose parents shout at them strong parentare more likely to suffer symptoms of depression child bond-that according to the study the adolescent

will understand that ‘they’re doing this because they love me’is misguided because parents’ warmth didn’t lessen the effects of harsh verbal discipline. ‘Indeed, harsh verbal discipline appears to be detrimental in all circumstances.’ The study, published in the journal Child Development, found that not only does harsh verbal discipline appear to be ineffective at addressing behaviour issues, it may actually add to the problem. Even if the parents were close to their child, this form of discipline still caused emotional damage. The report concluded:

By Caroline Parkinson he average height of men has risen by almost 11cm since the mid-19th century, experts have found. Data was collected on hundreds of thousands of men from 15 European countries. For British men, the average height at age 21 rose from 167.05cm (5ft 5in) in 1871-75 to 177.37cm (5ft 10in) in 1971-75. A public health expert said height was a “useful barometer” but it was crucial to focus on improving health overall. The paper, published in the journal Oxford Economic Papers, looked at data from sources including military records and modern population surveys from the 1870s to 1980 in 15 European countries. It looked only at male height because there was too little historical data for women. Childhood disease Genes may be commonly seen as the main determinant of height, but although they explain the difference between individuals, they would not

countries. Contrary to what might have been expected, in northern Europe - including in Britain - there was a significant surge in average height in the period covering the two world wars and the Great Depression, before the introduction of the national health service. Prof Hatton suggested this was because the benefits of long-term improvements in sanitation, hygiene and nutrition were being seen. During periods of war, he explained, more women were earning an income and rationing actually improved diets for some. However, in southern Europe there was a sharp acceleration in average height seen after World War II. This was when those countries saw significant income growth and adopted some of the social measures that northern European countries had adopted more slowly in previous decades, Prof Hatton said. He added: “Increases in human stature are a key indicator of improvements in the average health of populations.”

Damaging: A study found that parents tend to move from physical discipline to verbal as their children become teenagers (file picture) ‘Maternal and paternal warmth did not moderate the longitudinal associations between mothers’ and fathers’ use of harsh verbal discipline and adolescent conduct problems and depressive symptoms.’ The researchers suggested parents’ hostility could actually lead to an increase in the risk of delinquency, by lowering inhibition and fostering anger, irritability, and belligerence in adolescents. During the experiment, teens and their parents completed surveys over a two-year period on topics related to their mental health, child rearing practices, and the quality of the parent-

child relationship. Approximately 90 per cent of American parents admit one or more instances of harsh verbal discipline towards their children. Dr Wang suggests parents who want to discipline their teenage children would benefit by talking with them about their concerns and the consequences of the behaviour. He said the findings could influence future parenting programmes and encourage alternative methods of punishment to shouts and insults. Source:

Men’s average height ‘up 11cm since 1870s’


explain the trend seen in this paper, its lead author said. Prof Tim Hatton of the University of Essex said there was no “Darwinian explanation” to the trend. “People are surviving in the 20th Century who would not have survived in the 19th,” he added. Growth is significantly affected by what happens in the first two years of life, they said. So, a high rate of illnesses such as respiratory diseases or diarrhoeas - which caused many infant deaths - would also affect survivors’ development and therefore their subsequent height. Infant mortality rates fell significantly throughout the period studied. Another factor taken into account by the researchers was an increasing move to smaller families - meaning fewer people to feed. Higher income, more sanitary living conditions and better education about health and nutrition could also have had an effect, they said. The paper also shows that height patterns varied across different

Dr John Middleton of the UK’s Faculty of Public Health said: “Does how tall we are really tell us how healthy

we are? This interesting research suggests that it’s certainly a factor. Source: BBC



APC condemns outcome of Offa LG by election

L-R: Deputy Speaker, Kaduna state House of Assembly, Hon. Dogara Mato, Kaduna state Deputy Governor, Ambassador Nuhu Bajoga Audu, Gombe state Deputy Governor, Mr. Ta’anda Rubianu, and Speaker, Gombe state House of Assembly, Hon. Inuwa Garba, during the flagoff of a Retreat for Gombe lawmakers, yesterday at Saminaka, in Kaduna state.

From Ayodele Samuel, Lagos


he All Progressives Congress (APC) has condemned what it described as the daylight vote robbery by the PDP in last Saturday’s rerun at the Offa Local Government Area of Kwara state. The party said the outcome of the election shows that the PDP, whether old or new, is irredeemable. Rising from its NEC meeting in Abuja, the APC said everyone who witnessed or monitored the election has confirmed that it was won convincingly by the party (APC). According to a statement issued in Abuja yesterday by the Interim National Publicity Secretary of the party, Alhaji Lai Mohammed, the party said the impunity perpetrated by the PDP has started hunting it after its candidate in the Shawo South West Ward, Mr. Afolabi Jimoh Olawole, repudiated his so-called victory, just like one of the presiding officers, Mr. Oyetunji Akeem, said the APC won the Councillorship and Chairmanship position in Shawo central ward. ‘’This is a damning evidence that should make it clear to the PDP that its impunity cannot stand; that there are still Nigerians who have conscience and would sacrifice even their political and other careers for their integrity. “In view of this, the APC calls on the PDP, which has been working in cahoots with the Kwara State Independent Electoral Commission, to regurgitate the victory it wilfully swallowed, and from which it has now become so constipated and uncomfortable,’’ it said. APC hailed both Olawole and Akeem for their decency and honesty, both very rare attributes in today’s Nigeria under the watch of the PDP, and expressed the hope that all the other partakers in Saturday’s monumental electoral heist will emulate these rare species of mankind. “It is now clear that the saying, that ‘fruit does not fall far from the tree’, is true for the so-called New PDP. Presented with a chance to show that it is different from its vote-stealing, violence-peddling and impunity-prone ‘father’, the New PDP failed the test by engaging in barefaced conversion of defeat to victory in Offa and then daring the party that has been robbed to go to court. ‘’What message is the New PDP sending to the world when it could engage in such impunity in Offa? What other argument does it have now that one of its candidates, on whose behalf votes were stolen, has said his conscience and religion would not let him take what is not his? ‘’The only way this New PDP can redeem itself is to immediately own up to the fact that it has denied the people of Offa their rights to choose their Councillors and Chairman, and to accept its defeat in Saturday’s rerun,’’ APC said.

PDM, the party to beat, says deputy national chairman By Umar Muhammad Puma


he Deputy National Chairman of Peoples Democratic Movement (PDM), Honourable Bode Ajewole, has described the new political party in the country as “the greatest and most successful political family force in Nigeria; dating back to 1987 and giving birth to many parties and successful politicians.” Ajewole, a former House of Representative member and stalwart of the PDM, said the pressure group founded by the late

Shehu Musa Yar’Adua just as he debunked insinuations and denials that PDM was never supposed to be registered as a political party. “Some people are just being economical with the truth. Twice in the past, under the military regimes of IBB and Abacha, we struggled to register the PDM as a political party but we were denied the chance. This time around, in a civilian setting, we got it right and all welcome its birth.” Speaking yesterday at the PDM Headquarters in Maitama Abuja, the politician from Ekiti state, lamented the roles of those who do

not want the young party to survive. “History can bear us witness that PDM had in it great politicians like the late Senate president, Dr Chuba Okadigbo, Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu, Lai Mohammed, Atiku Abubakar and a host of others who are now members of different political parties. PDM, as a political party, is therefore not an abomination. But we are always ready to reconcile with all our brothers and sisters in the Movement. Already, plans are in the offing to travel far and wide for further consultations and

reconciliation.” He continued, “our party is head and shoulder taller than others in terms of democratic equity, unity, development and the pursuance of good governance. We shall do well in 2015 polls.” The PDM, he said, will never allow any member to hoard its registration cards or deny eligible members from furthering their political ambition. The party will soon commence the registration of prospective members both online and manually, home and abroad, he disclosed.

Sheath the sword, Bauchi PDP Youth tells aggrieved members From Ahmed Kaigama, Bauchi


eoples Democratic Party National Youth Vanguard (PDPNYV) Bauchi state Chapter has appealed to aggrieved members of the party to shield their sword and resolved their differences. A press statement issued and

signed by the Secretary of the Vanguard, Mallam Usman Sabo, and made available to newsmen in Bauchi yesterday, stated that the aggrieved parties should go through the PDP traditional method of dialogue and consensus to resolve the crisis. The group warned that the crisis in the party, if not checked could

make the PDP lose focus ahead of the 2015 general elections. According to him, the Bauchi state PDP NYV registered its utmost dismay with current development coming the National Special convention of the party in Abuja 0n 31st August 2013, where some aggrieved members walked out of the

convention ground to form a splinter PDP. “The PDP National Youth Vanguard, Bauchi state in collaboration with Bauchi youth are making consultation both within the state and the North-east to see that this issue can be laid to rest,” he said.

Labour Party queries Senate’s life pension By Ikechukwu Okaforadi


abour Party (LP) yesterday raised reservations over the decision by the Senate to pass the recommendation by its committee on constitution review, which proposed life pension for principal officers of the National Assembly. Briefing newsmen in Abuja, the Chairman of the party, Dan Nwanyanwu, condemned the attempt by the federal lawmakers to move the matters of workers minimum wage

from the exclusive list to concurrent lists, which implies that governors would determine what workers earn in their respective states. He pointed out that if the proposal is passed by the National and State Assemblies, some of the state governors would pay workers salaries that will engender poverty among Nigerian workers, particularly as many of them are already averse to the current N18,000 minimum wage set by the federal government. Nwanyawu argued that the

salaries of the workers should remain in the exclusive list, so as to have a common minimum wage, adding that by this system, reasonable living standard could be guaranteed among the workers. “Labour Party frowns at a situation where the Senate tries to water down and deregulate minimum wage law, while putting itself exclusively on a federally regulated life pension for its principal officials”, the statement reads. While describing this as one

open double-standard which is unacceptable, he enjoined the lawmakers not to see labour as a liability that must be crushed, but as an asset that must be maintained and nurtured. Anyanwu, who noted that the military, despite its draconian system, still retained the labour issues on the excusive list, therefore threatened that if the National Assembly eventually passes this proposal, it would mobilize its members for protests across the country.



Politics Feature Who actually won Offa F rerun election in Kwara? From Olanrewaju Lawal, Ilorin

or several members of All Progressives Congress (APC) in Kwara state, the rerun election ordered by the Court of Appeal on August 31,2013 was a monumental fraud that will not stand the test of time. But to the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), it was a planned victory expected at all cost. The people of Offa have been in the opposition in Kwara state in the last twelve years perhaps due to their political affinity with the old Western region religiously tied to the political apron strings of the defunct Action Group of Nigeria(AG), a political party floated by Late Chief Obafemi Awolowo in the 60’s and 70’s. On Saturday August 31,2013, the people of Offa trooped out again to vote for two of their sons on the platform APC and PDP. Prince Saheed Popoola contested under the banner of APC while Prince Abdulwaheed Segun Olanipekun ran under PDP. Popoola, an immediate past Chairman of the Council was believed to be the most favoured candidate between the two contestants. He had defeated the ruling party twice before the Court nullified his election early this year. His political fame posed a serious threat to PDP until violence erupted between Offa and Erin-Ile which compelled the Kwara State Government to declare an emergency rule in Offa and Oyun Local Government Areas of the states. Despite the expiration of emergency and return of normalcy, Offa stands suspended by the government until rerun election was conducted under the control of Sole Administrator appointed by the state government. The result of rerun election, which is still generating controversies, has created tension in the old Yoruba city. On September 1st,2013, Kwara State Independent Electoral Commission(KWSIEC)’s Chairman, Dr Uthman Ajidagba, declared Prince Olanipekun the winner of the election on Radio Kwara with over 35,000 votes to defeat Prince Popoola who was allotted about 20,000 votes. Members of APC, who had gotten all the results from each polling units, trooped out to APC secretariat along Asa Dam road, Ilorin where Prince Popoola rejected the result declared by KWSIEC and issued out altimatum for the electoral body to announce the real result. Prince Popoola while speaking with newsmen challenged KWSIEC to immediately release the original results of the poll stressing that there was no way Olanipekun of PDP could have won the election with a total vote of 35,937. Popoola insisted that in the history of elections in Offa, there was no record to show the participation of over 65,000 voters in any local government elections alleging that the result was manufactured by PDP and KWSIEC. “They started in the morning with presentation of 50 and 100 ballot papers and our people resisted that. We thank security men who also helped us by letting them bring out the remaining ballot papers. Their intention is to thumb print the remaining 400 ballot papers and announce it. They wanted to come en mass to collation centre to disrupt the counting, but our people again

Protesting APC supporters in Ilorin, Kwara state. resisted their attempt.” “At the wards level, we won the election. The figure we have at the collation centre are: APC; 11,526 votes, PDP got 4,288 votes. Even in 2011, when I first contested, I got over 10,000 while PDP candidate got about 4,000 votes. So, we don’t know where they manufactured their result”. Popoola however warned PDP and its agents to stop planning to destabilise the Offa community, stressing that they would not succeed in creating disunity among the people of the town. On Monday and Tuesday, September 2nd and 3rd, 2013, members of APC trooped out en mass to protest against the declaration of election results which favoured PDP’s candidate. The protest which started from APC secretariat, Flower Garden area, ended at KWSIEC head office in Ilorin. Addressing newsmen after the protest within Ilorin metropolis, the APC Interim Chairman, Mr. Sola Iji, said their agitation toward retrieving their mandate from PDP would continue until the party reclaims it. “We went through the town and returned to where we started from. Then tomorrow again, we continue until justice is done. That is fraudulent swearing-in. As far as we are concerned, they have not won any election and the true result should be given to us and at the rightness of time, we will get our mandate. “If you have been following events since Saturday, up till yesterday and this morning, you will discover that the local government election that was held in Offa, on Saturday, the results were announced at the polling units; the results were collated in all the twelve wards. And we approached the local government collation centres where we expected that the results collated at the wards would be collated

for final announcement of the winner of the election. “Unfortunately, the returning officer who is the local government electoral officer of the Kwara state Independent Electoral Commission (KWSIEC) just disappeared. He absconded and we waited there till about 10pm before the materials were moved to the headquarters of KWSIEC here in Ilorin that night. “We met with the Chairman of KWSIEC, Dr Uthman Ajidagba, he feigned ignorance. He said he didn’t know where the electoral officer was and some of his junior officers. We met with the chairman and about three or four other officers of the Commission and they promised that the result would be announced. They said we should return on Sunday morning by 10am. But surprisingly by around 5am, we started hearing from Kwara Radio, the same KWSIEC chairman announcing the false results. It was not in his place to announce any results. The results ought to be announced at the point where the collation ought to have been concluded, which is the local government headquarters of KWSIEC. “We know that we have won and that is why we are here peacefully to register our protest; unfortunately they have told us that the man is not in the office. He is supposed to be in the office, he is a civil servant, he ought to be here, he is not here. They have not told us of any ceremony that he is engaging in. If he is engaging in any ceremony, we will move there to register our protest before everybody. As far as we are concerned, this result has not been announced. We want him to give us the official results of the election and we should be there when the collation will be concluded that is why we are here.” During their protest, few of their placards read as thus: “ We want to collect our mandate; we demand for justice; Yio le koko lote yi; Ajidagba is

playing with death; All we are saying, give us our mandate; Ajidagba, ole, Barawo, thief”. As the protest continues, the Kwara state Governor, Alhaji Abdulfatah Ahmed was swearing in the PDP candidate, Prince Abdulwaheed Segun Olanipekun, as the new Chairman of Offa Local Government Area at the Council chamber, Government House Ilorin. Already, the major market in Offa, Owode market, remained closed since Sunday for fear that violence may erupt. The APC which is claiming to be in possession of the authentic results gave the breakdown of the results as follows: APC - 1129 PDP -504,Shawo Central: APC - 1132 PDP-435,Shawo sw : APC- 1171 PDP - 372,Shawo SE: APC- 1054 PDP -370,Essa A : APC 639 PDP -363,Essa B: APC -644 PDP -381,Ojomu NW : APC -1314 PDP -446,Ojomu Central : APC -866 PDP -373,Ojomu Central 2 : APC - 675 PDP- 290,Ojomu SE : APC -1374 PDP -427,Ogbodun : APC - 267 PDP - 383”. Afolabi Olawole who is a councilorship candidate of the PDP in Shawo South West ward of the local government said he did not win in the election in his eight polling units in his ward (Shawo South West). He disowned the results announcing him winner of the ward just as he declared the candidate of the APC as the authentic winner of the election. He said “As a citizen of this great town Offa, I know fully well that the town stands for equity and justice. To me, I know that we shall give account of all our acts on this earth one day. On that day, there will be no influence from anybody, be it Oba, governor, leader, elder, father or mother, you are left alone with your deeds. In this wise, I have resolved not be partaker of getting what is not mine from anybody at all in Offa, Kwara state and Nigeria as whole.

“As a native of this town I don’t wish my town a bad thing. If something like this continues to happen and we decide to cover it up for one reason or the other, if not now, in future we account for it. It is very good for us to call a spade a spade anywhere we see it. By doing this you are helping yourself and others. “In the interest of peace and justice in Offa and Kwara state, KWSIEC should release the authentic results of the last Saturday council poll in Offa. The people of Offa have said that they don’t want PDP. It is clear that Offa people want APC. Test for PDP to right the wrongs they have been doing that make people hate them. For the APC that won, it should check itself and examine what it has been doing that makes it acceptable in Offa.” Similarly, Oyetunji O. Akin, presiding officer, unit 006, Shawo Central said at the press briefing that “We accredited 227 people and out of this 206 came to vote. Out of this 206, APC had 130 votes, PDP had 73 for the chairmanship, for councillorship APC had 152, PDP 57 votes. I can say it anywhere that in that polling unit, APC won the election. I don’t fear anybody than almighty Allah. Say the truth even if it is bitter.” Efforts to get reaction from KWSIEC Chairman Dr Uthman Ajidagba proved abortive. It was gathered that he had gone underground. But Prince Olanipekun said during his inauguration at Government House that Offa Local Government Area had been on holiday in terms of capital projects for over two years because of alleged financial recklessness of the opposition party. He added that his administration would ensure good governance and operate transparent programmes in the course of delivering service to the people.




Some Interesting Facts


he liquid inside young coconuts can be used as substitute for blood plasma. • No piece of paper can be folded in half more than 7 times. • Donkeys kill more people annually than plane crashes. • You burn more calories sleeping than you do watching

television. • Oak trees do not produce acorns until they are fifty years of age or older. • The first product to have a bar code was Wrigley’s gum. • The king of hearts is the only king without a mustache. • A Boeing 747s wingspan is longer than the Wright brother’s first flight. • American Airlines saved $40,000 in 1987 by eliminating 1 olive from each salad served in first-class. • Venus is the only planet that rotates clockwise. • Apples, not caffeine, are more efficient at waking you up in the morning. • The plastic things on the end of shoelaces are called aglets. •Most dust particles in your house are made from dead skin. • The first owner of the Marlboro Company died of lung cancer. • Michael Jordan makes more money from Nike annually than all of the Nike factory workers in Malaysia combined. • Marilyn Monroe had six toes. (rumor) • All US Presidents have worn glasses. Some just didn’t like being seen

wearing them in public. •Walt Disney was afraid of mice. •Pearls melt in vinegar. • Thirty-five percent of the people who use personal ads for dating are already married. • The three most valuable brand names on earth: Marlboro, CocaCola, and Budweiser, in that order. • It is possible to lead a cow

upstairs...but not downstairs. • A duck’s quack doesn’t echo and no one knows why. (Or does it? http://www.acoustics.salford. duck.htm) • The reason firehouses have circular stairways is from the days when the engines were pulled by horses. The horses

were stabled on the ground floor and figured out how to walk up straight staircases. • Richard Millhouse Nixon was the first US president whose name contains all the letters from the word ‘criminal.’ The second was William Jefferson Clinton. • Turtles can breathe through h their butts.

Say what?





Malawi cracker: Rep orders NFF partners Google NFF to pay Eagles $10,000 for Super Eagles Stories by Albert Akota



he House Committee on Sports Chairman, Hon. Godfrey Ali Gaiya has declared that the decision by the Nigeria Football Federation, (NFF) to begin the implementation of the Segun Adeniyi-led panel report to pay the Super Eagles $5, 000 bonuses is untimely and counterproductive. In a chat with newsmen in Abuja, the lawmaker advised the NFF to as a matter of importance jettison the idea of implementing the Segun Adeniyi’s committee report for now because it could be counterproductive. Gaiya argued further that since the report has not been fully adopted by the National Sports Commission, the prerogative of the Nigeria Football Federation to decide the bonus that would be paid to the players should not arise. “The boys need all the concentration now. They don’t need anything that would distract them now. The NFF should return to status quo and pay them the $10,000 for now, pending when the full report would be adopted and released by

Hon.Gaiya the Sports Commission” Gaiya said. Meanwhile, NFF president, Aminu Maigari had a different opinion to the lawmaker, saying that they will only pay $5,000 as winning bonuses in the all-important World Cup qualifier. “We cannot pay $10, 000 at this

time and we have made it abundantly clear. We cannot return to any status quo as is being suggested” he explained. Maigari said further that his biggest dream as the president of the NFF is to see that the country’s flag is hoisted in Brazil come 2014.

Eagles upbeat as Flames hit Calabar


he Camp of African Champions is on upbeat mood for the tomorrow’s 2014 FIFA World Cup qualifying cracker against the Flames of Malawi. The NFF President Aminu Maigari interacted with the media,

with the Malawians. When both sides met in Blantyre on June 9 last year, the Eagles were running away with a lone goal scored by Reuben Gabriel nine minutes to the end, before a defensive blunder allowed the Flames to equalize and

Eagles in training affirming the safety of Calabar for the game and indeed any other game of international texture, and assured Nigerians that the Super Eagles were looking forward to a comfortable win. “The Super Eagles will not under-rate the Malawians. It is not in our team’s nature to take any team for granted. The Super Eagles will approach this match with all the seriousness it deserves. It is a key game towards our World Cup ticket agenda,” said Maigari. The camp of the African champions continued to bubble, with all the players expressing optimism ahead of the confrontation

earn a point on the evening. Nigeria need only a draw to finish top of Group F of the African campaign and reach the 10-team final elimination round, where a home-and-away fixture will determine Africa’s five flag-bearers at the global showpiece in Brazil next year summer. The Flames, on seven points, need to win at the U. J. Esuene Stadium to shock Nigeria and move into the final round instead. The Super Eagles have never lost an international game at Canaan City. While history and the odds may be stacked against the visitors, Coach Stephen Keshi is taking no

chances, expressing his resolve to put Nigeria’s best legs forward tomorrow. “We are cruising well but not yet over the line. We have to send the best guys out there to get the job done,” Keshi said. Yesterday morning, Malawi’s delegation of 21 players and seven officials flew into Abuja from Accra, where the team travelled through after losing a friendly against Botswana. The team was received at the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport by NFF General Secretary, Barrister Musa Amadu and other NFF top management. On ground since Monday were General Secretary of the Football Association of Malawi, Suzgo Nyirenda and the association’s chief accountant. Amadu said: “We have concluded all arrangements to host a very successful and hitchfree match. There is adequate provision for security, and even the Malawians will tell you they are very comfortable with all the arrangements they have seen. Officials confirmed that the Director General of the National Sports Commission, Hon. Gbenga Elegbeleye will represent the Minister of Sports/Chairman, National Sports Commission, Mallam Bolaji Abdullahi. The Executive Governor of Cross River State, Senator Liyel Imoke, will be chief host. The chairman of the Senate Committee on Sports, Senator Adamu Gumba and the chairman of the House Committee on Sports, Hon. Godfrey Gaiya will be among the dignitaries.

he Nigeria Football Federation is partnering Google for upclass on-line activities for the Super Eagles, and the project is already making some good impact. Chairman of the NFF Marketing Committee, Mr. Deji Tinubu said yesterday: “The Super Eagles are now active on social media and have official presence on Google+/YouTube. Fans can follow them on www. and NigeriaSuperEagles for exclusive updates.” On Wednesday, several thousands of fans across the globe joined the players and their coaches online in a special Google+ video chat ahead of

the clash with the Flames of Malawi. Tinubu added: “The launching of a landing page on Google+, which is also connected to a YouTube Channel, will in the medium and long term serve as a principal publicity platform for our international players in the Super Eagles and other National Teams, and will also help with the media campaign at major championships.” At the FIFA Confederations Cup tournament in Brazil in the summer, the Google+ team executed two Hangout sessions with the Super Eagles, and posted exclusive pictures of the event on Super Eagles Google+ page.

Malawi on $500 to beat Eagles M

alawi will receive $500 as bonus if they upset Nigeria tomorrow to qualify for the final round of the World Cup qualifiers. This is over 500% increase from the usual $85 dollars win bonus The Flames receive. Malawi Belgian coach Tom Saintfiet disclosed to newsmen on arrival in Abuja yesterday: “My boys would be going home with a winning bonus of $500 compared to the $85 they received before. “I don’t think the motivation for the players is the money but national pride. I am surprised when I hear that players of your Super Eagles are discussing money and winning bonus.

Malawi top star Mwafulirwa Absent

Malawi could not stage a proper training camp before this match because of the financial problems facing Football Association of Malawi (FAM). Saintfiet said he remains bullish about his team’s chances on Saturday in Calabar despite the 1-0 loss they suffered in their final warm-up game “We made many changes (in that game) and really we are not worried about that result,” he defended. “I’m focused on winning this match even though there was no cash for a training camp. “We work with what we have going by our financial limits, but I believe we will be ready for the match tomorrow.




Keshi clueless Coach smiles as Sharks escape NPFL relegation zone “I can assure that we learn from he Head Coach of the Sharks the relegation zone. Our renewed with 39 points from 29 matches. The coach said that the primary each of our matches and endeavour FC of Port Harcourt, Gbenga tactics have been impressive. on Mba’s Ogunbote, on Thursday “I am impressed by my players’ objective of the team was to work to work on our lapses. “We can only learn from our expressed satisfaction that the team performance. They have been harder to improve. stalled Ogunbote added that the league mistakes to get better; that is one escaped the mucky relegation water doing more than I thought, but was becoming tough, but said that thing we are not neglecting as a in the ongoing 2012/2013 Nigeria there is room for improvement. Professional Football League. “They have been playing the team would end the season club,’’ he said. transfer Ogunbote, a former Coach of Ogunbote said that the team, according to instructions. That is well.


which was on the last line on the league table, had moved to the middle line. “Our recent performance in the league had put us over and above

one of the major reason the club keeps getting better as the league progresses,’’ Ogunbote said. Sharks currently occupy the 11th position on the league table

“The league keeps getting tougher, and all clubs are ensuring that they improve their standards and styles of play to be in a comfortable position.

Enyeama ‘holds birthday T for’ Malawi tie T

Sunshine Stars FC of Akure, said that the league had entered its crucial stages, when some clubs would be relegated and others promoted.

Pillars’ unbeaten run in DStv basketball league phenomenal, says coach

Stories by Albert Akota

Sunday Mba


uper Eagles coach Stephen Keshi has spoken for the first time on the stories making the rounds that he had a part to play in the stalled transfer of Sunday Mba to French second division side CA Bastia. “I have absolutely no idea what this is all about. My attention was called to the story and I am as baffled by the insinuations of it all. “The AFCON winning coach said in Calabar where the team is preparing for the vital world cup qualifier against Malawi. Keshi believes that “this story has all the hallmarks of people sponsored to cause disharmony in the camp so that we will fail and then Keshi will be blamed. “It is still a matter of great surprise to me that there are people charged with our football that would rather the team failed first On how the team is going into tomorrow’s match “everyone in camp is determined. No distractions of any kind at all mentally. Only thing we are praying is that it stops raining because it has been raining for the past two days and heavily too. This is not the first time that stories are coming out of the Eagles camp brilliantly planted by some people it seems to discredit the head coach. The Super Eagles are neck deep in preparations for the world cup in Brazil next year so it is hard to understand why stories that can only cause disharmony in the camp keep coming out. Nigerians will not be very forgiving of the NFF if the team does not qualify so it might be in the very best of all concerned to work together and find harmony from anywhere.

heSuperEagles’number one goalkeeper, Vincent Enyeama has said that he would have to celebrate his birthday after a victory against the Flames of Malawi in the 2014 World Cup qualifier in Calabar. Enyeama was born on August 29 1982 in Kaduna and he started his football career at defunct Ibom Stars. Enyeama, who has been Nigeria’s first-choice since making his debut against England at the Korea/Japan World Cup in 2002, deliberately shelved his birthday celebration aside to focus on the crucial qualifier against Malawi. “We have come a long way and anything short of victory against Malawi would not be good enough considering our status in Africa,” he said. The former Enyimba shotstopper stressed that even though his birthday remains one of the milestones in his career, but for the Eagles game against Malawi, he had to defer it until victory is sealed. “Tomorrow will be the best day for me to celebrate my birthday after the Eagles must have demolished Malawi and we would have to put smiles on the faces of all Nigerians. “Honestly, the tension that the game has already generated has further placed the task of beating the Malawians a must for us,” the Lille goalkeeper said. Enyeama was restored to the Nigeria squad by Stephen Keshi after he was excused from the Nelson Mandela challenge which took place in Durban last month. Nigeria currently leads Group F of 2014 Fifa World Cup qualifying in the Africa zone with nine points from five matches. The reverse fixture between Nigeria and Malawi on June 12, 2012 in Blantyre ended in a 1-1 draw.

he Head Coach of Kano Pillars Basketball Club Sani Ahmed has described as phenomenal his team’s unbeaten run in the season 2012/2013 DStv/Basketball Premier League competition. The coach said that after his team defeated Dodan Warriors of Lagos 77-63 in their first match at the on-going DStv League National Conference Final Four in Lagos. Pillarshadgone32matchesunbeatenintheleaguewiththeirwin over the Dodan Warriors at the Indoor Sports Hall of the National Stadium in Lagos. Pillars topped the Savannah Conference by winning all their 28 matches in the regular season, and went on to win all their three matches at the conference’s Final Four. Ahmed said it has been a tough season for them regardless of their achievement in the competition which started on April 26. “Weareindeedachampionship-winningteam,andweareproud of our achievement. We believe in ourselves and we worked very hard to be at the top of our game,’’ he said. The coach however said his team cannot to relax now because the National Final Four is just the ultimate step that would help to crown all their efforts. Speaking on the Pillars/Warriors’ game, coach Christopher Nomingo of Warriors said they lost to a well-experienced team which had been together for long. “We lost to a well-experienced team which has matured players, and we played our best. But that was not good enough to challenge a well-organised Pillars,’’ he said. The coach noted that his team would now have to play better in their next game against Union Bank of Lagos. “This is because a win in this game is vital if we are going to take something out of this competition,’’ Nomingo said. In the second match of yesterday, the Atlantic Conference champions, Union Bank of Lagos, had defeated the Mark Mentors of Abuja 75-69 to also book their first win. Coach Chris Okoh of Union Bank said it was a crucial win and the team was confident of winning their second match against the Dodan Warriors. “Having a good start was what we planned for, and we got what we wanted. We are determined to go all the way to clinch the competition’s trophy at the end. “However, we still have two games, and we will approach them with determination and a lot of organisation, bearing in mind that the other three teams are seeking the same glory,’’ Okoh said. Yahaya Abdul, Mentors’ star player who did so well in bringing his team to match all Union Bank threw at them, said that they did not play as a team.

Pillars Basketballer




Barcelona needs a tight defence, says Nadal


he Catalan club made bids for Chelsea’s David Luiz and Liverpool’s Daniel Agger in the summer but finally opted against signing a centreback as only Neymar arrived in

the window Former Barcelona defender Miguel Angel Nadal believes the Catalan club made a mistake by failing to recruit a central defender in the summer transfer

Miguel Angel Nadal (R)

window. Barca bid for Chelsea’s David Luiz and Liverpool’s Daniel Agger in July, while the Spanish champions were also left frustrated as top target Thiago Silva committed his future to Paris Saint-Germain. In the end, new coach Gerardo Martino opted to stick with the squad at his disposal, with captain Carles Puyol closing in on a return following knee surgery on a persistent problem in June, But the Catalan defender is 35, increasingly prone to injury and cannot cope with the demands of a long season at this stage of his career, while Zubizarreta and president Sandro Rosell have come under fire this summer for their inability to attract a defender after signing Neymar back in May. And Nadal, who played as a centre-back under Johan Cruyff in Barca’s legendary Dream Team, claims the Catalans could regret their failure to improve their backline this summer.

‘What £85.3m Bale means to Real Madrid’


lorentino Perez presented Gareth Bale to Real Madrid’s supporters, he would have had more than football on his mind. Madrid missed the opportunity to show him off to the world during Sunday’s midday kick-off against Athletic Bilbao in what would have been prime time in Dubai, where shirt sponsors Emirates would have been watching

closely. Instead, Emirates are now counting the days until January, when they hope Madrid will play a lucrative friendly in Dubai during La Liga’s mid-winter break - with Bale as the main attraction. Earlier this summer former Real sporting director Arrigo Sacchi described Bale’s transfer as a commercial operation, adding I think Madrid, through their




sponsors, have decided to buy a British player. Madrid certainly saw how Barcelona signed a new sponsorship deal with Panasonic just days after signing Brazilian star Neymar. The audiovisual giant was already one of the player’s sponsors in Brazil and after he joined Barcelona, Panasonic became one of the club’s multi-million-


Everton want new contract for Manchester United target


verton boss Roberto Martinez expects the club to open up contract negotiations with Leighton Baines following the closure of the transfer window. The left-back was a target for former boss David Moyes at Manchester United over the summer but, unlike team-mate Marouane Fellaini, he remains at Goodison Park after the club rejected all overtures. With the window now closed until January, his boss is hoping to tie up the defender’s future beyond the two years that currently remain on his contract.

pound global partners. They topped the latest Forbes football rich list and Perez sees the acquisition of Bale as a way of keeping them there. Having been told he was Real’s target at the end of last season, supporters were chanting Bale’s name at player presentations held earlier this summer, and although some have questioned the wisdom of buying someone whose position on the pitch looks well covered, most have just been swept away by the excitement.






This is to inform the general public of the LOSS OF ORIGINAL AGIS ACKNOWLEDGEMENT LETTER IN RESPECT OF RECERTIFICATION OF PLOT NO. H734 OF ABOUT 1,100SQM LOCATED WITHIN DAPE DISTRICT. All efforts made to trace the said missing document proved abortive. If found, please return to the nearest police station.

This is to inform the general public of the loss of Original letter of allocation, Payment receipts and title transfer deeds of type C, House 18,691 Road, ADKAN Model City, Gwarinpa 2-Abuja originally allocated to ROSE GLOBAL COMPANY LTD. If found please return to the nearest Police Station.

“When the window is open I think it’s the wrong time to speak about those things and so we hadn’t discussed it,” Martinez told reporters. “But, now the window is closed, we are going to look into all the players in the squad and see where their contracts are up to. Then, individually, we will look to address that. Everton rejected a derisory and insulting” double bid of £28 million for Baines and Fellaini in August, with the latter eventually moving to Old Trafford for £27.5 million on deadline day.

Gareth Bale




LOSS OF DOCUMENT THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA COMPANIES AND ALLIED MATTERS ACT 1990 COMPANY LIMITED BY SHARES MEMBERS VOLUNTARY WINDING-UP OF CO-OP INDUSTRIES LIMITED RC 364684 NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that, in pursuance of Section 468 of the Companies and Allied Matters Act; 1990. The Final General Meeting of the above named Company will be held at the Company’s premises, Block C, Plots 10 & 11, Ondo State Industrial Layout, Ilesha/Benin Expressway, Akure, Ondo State on Monday the 30th of September, 2013 in the noon for the purpose of laying before such meeting the account of winding up of the above named Company and of giving any explanation thereof. Dated this 15th day of August, 2013. ………………………………………………. …… ………………………………… Kemi Osisanya (Mrs) Liquidator




Tour of Britain 2013: Wiggins to lead Team Sky


lympic champion Sir Bradley Wiggins will lead Team Sky in the Tour of Britain, which begins on 15 September in the Scottish Borders. The 33-year-old said last month that he will leave road racing at the end of next season to return to the track and pursue a fifth Olympic medal in 2016. He is joined in the squad by Ian Stannard, Josh Edmondson, Bernhard Eisel, Mathew Hayman and David Lopez. Wiggins, who was unable to defend his Tour de France title this summer because of illness and injury, withdrew from last year’s Tour of Britain with a stomach bug. He hopes this year’s race will benefit his preparations for the individual time

Ricky Burns trial at the Road World Championships in Florence on 25 September. There are eight stages in this year’s race, taking the

riders to Peebles, Cumbria, Knowsley, Stoke-on-Trent, Wales, Devon and Surrey before the finish at Whitehall in London on 22 September.

Nadal thrashes Robredo in US Open last eight


Ricky Burns

Hearn backs Burns to be Scotland’s best ever


romoter Eddie Hearn claims Ricky Burns can be regarded as the best Scottish boxer ever if he defends his WBO lightweight title for the fourth time. Burns faces Mexican challenger Raymundo Beltran on Saturday in Glasgow. The run of fights he’s had and the string of defences puts him up there as the greatest Scottish fighter of all time,” said Hearn. There are two Scots already in the International Boxing Hall of Fame - Benny Lynch and Ken

Buchanan. And Hearn knows Burns will always play down his chances of being considered better than those fighters. Burns’s bout with 32-yearold Beltran, a former sparring partner of boxing legend Manny Pacquiao, comes after the Coatbridge boxer’s wife, Amanda, gave birth to their first child at the end of August. But the 30-year-old insists the new arrival has not brought any distractions to his preparations.

afael Nadal destroyed fellow Spaniard Tommy Robredo for the loss of just four games as he powered into the US Open semi-finals in New York. The 2010 champion, seeded second, won 6-0 6-2 6-2 on Arthur Ashe Stadium against the man who had knocked out Roger Federer in the previous round. Nadal, 27, goes on to face Richard Gasquet in the semi-finals after the Frenchman earlier beat David Ferrer in five sets. When the draw was made, Wednesday’s night session had promised a first ever showdown between Nadal and Federer at Flushing Meadows.

That prospect ended with Robredo’s terrific fourth-round win over the Swiss, but the 31-year-old was unable to muster any sort of challenge against the man currently dominating on hard courts. Nadal conceded just five points to his compatriot in a brilliant opening set and Robredo dumped a forehand into the net to drop serve yet again at the start of the second. It took 38 minutes, nine games and a rare loose Nadal forehand for Robredo to get on the board, but the 12-time Grand Slam champion simply would not let up and broke again in game seven to effectively seal the set.

Diamond League: Bolt responds to Johnson claims


Usain Bolt

peaking ahead of the Diamond League meeting in Brussels, Usain Bolt says that Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson would “never” have beaten him over 100m. The comments follow Johnson’s claims last week that he would have outrun the World and Olympic champion. Bolt added that people say things to “get some attention”, but stated that he is concentrating on becoming a “great” like Muhammad Ali or Pele and that to do so he would need to “continue dominating” until he retires.

Rafael Nadal

US Open 2013: Azarenka reach semis with straight-sets win


econd seed Victoria Azarenka remains on course for a return to the US Open final after beating Daniela Hantuchova in the last eight at Flushing Meadows. The 2012 runner-up needed only an hour and 16 minutes to win 6-2 6-3 and set up a semi-final meeting with Italy’s Flavia Pennetta. Ranked down at 83 after struggling with back and wrist

injuries last year, the former doubles world number one has beaten Maria Sharapova and Vera Zvonareva at Flushing Meadows in previous years. The Frenchman has appeared as fragile as he is talented over the years, and despite the flow of beautiful backhand winners (21 in total) it was the Spaniard who was now winning the key points.

Azarenka had looked below her best in the opening four rounds and began nervously once again, but got the better of three early breaks on her way to taking the first set. The second set suggested the two-time Australian Open champion was still some way off top form as she slipped 2-0 behind, and then failed to serve out the match after a run of five straight games.



The death of objectivity revisited Shortly after Dr. Goodluck Jonathan was sworn in as president, many recognized a modus operandi of deliberate division, destruction of trust existing between the various ethnic and religious groups that make up our country, and the wholesome attempts at conversion of traditional and social media to deplete societal cohesiveness. I wrote a

NASIR EL-RUFAI ON FRIDAY piece then titled “The Death of

Objectivity” to draw attention


t was Aeschylus, the ancient Greek tragic dramatist who said ‘in war, truth is the first casualty’. To paraphrase the words in line with the tragic drama playing out in Nigeria today, one would say ‘in a flawed democracy, objectivity is the first casualty’. It is so bad that all voices of objectivity and moderation have abandoned the public space and their views suppressed. We therefore only hear from the extremes of the political, regional, religious and ethnic divides. This death of objectivity is unfortunate and may destroy what little we have left unless all of us rise up to reverse it. What happens when people cannot express their views on the polity, no matter how well thought-out, or when every attempt to engage the public in debate about issues of vital national importance are reduced to shocking levels of banality? What happens when every sense of objectivity is blurred by the murky ink of hatchet writers or clouded by shades of religious and ethnic prisms? What happens when voices without conscience, and loath to accept facts dominate our media and discourse? The last three years in Nigeria have witnessed a growing intolerance in the country. Ordinarily, divergence would be a wonderful thing (the multiplicity of voices being one of our strengths), except that the lines of disagreement are not based on logic, facts and public interest, but alarmingly along religious and regional schisms. If we disagree on issues of policies and economics or on philosophical or ideological grounds; that would only to be expected in a country brimming with intellectuals as Nigeria and would be a welcome development to thought and reason. However, when the death of objectivity in national discourse is allowed to grow, dangers may lurk in the unspoken words and views and there is growing anger and frustration in many quarters. When people who know the truth or who have a view are not allowed to speak their minds simply because they are from a different part of the country or adhere to another religion, there is a risk that they may begin to speak only to others like themselves who share their views. Regionalism may begin to rise amidst a growing belief in many quarters that Nigeria’s disparate groups can break out of the federation and go it alone. These views fuel the notion that some states in Nigeria are parasites on the rest, add no value, and question the carrying costs of

President Goodluck Jonathan our distorted federation! These views require some consideration in these very interesting times. The ideal for many Nigerians is to have a country ‘united in diversity’; a true federation and real democracy. That ideal while achievable, has eluded us since independence. Today, the levels of social cohesion are so low that many ask whether being together makes sense. ‘Every one of Nigeria’s 36 states and Abuja is bigger than many African countries, and they survive’, is one extreme view. We may have our political differences, but objective discourse must never be sacrificed on the altar of political convenience. The scars on our collective psyche by the reckless politicking employed by politicians have to heal. Governments must listen to the voices of all, no matter

how unpalatable. Societies make progress building on a foundation of social cohesion and trust. Nothing is possible without this. Collaboration is enhanced when there are clear rules and a regime of rewards and sanctions that are applied generally to everyone and everything. The situation in Nigeria today is worrying. “May you live in interesting times” is an ancient Chinese curse. The Chinese should know. Today’s Nigeria is interesting along several dimensions. The polity is fragmented as a result of four years of sub-optimal governance. UmaruYar’Adua was ushered in high expectations, but ran an administration that largely reduced Nigeria to a fiefdom of people from Katsina and Kano. Jonathan, his then sidelined deputy watched, learnt and waited. When some

to this disturbing trend which appeared to be the governance strategy of the Jonathan administration. And this was long before the emergence of Boko Haram insurgency, kidnapping and crude oil theft on scales never imagined at the time. We reproduce the piece not only because its core message is even more relevant now than in

June 2011, but it is by now clear that the destruction of social capital through the promotion of ethnic and religious divisions continues to be the pillars of the Jonathanian governance style. This requires all well-meaning Nigerians to be vigilant and vocal at condemning this, and retrieving our nation from the needless slide into total state failure. Here goes. Enjoy!

objective voices complained of the lopsidedness in toplevel appointments, they were tagged losers in the power game (if ‘Northerners’) or regional irredentists (if “Southerners”). Jonathan has adopted the same approach to governance as his predecessor, except that the roles are reversed. When what SegunAdeniyi calls ‘the Yar’Adua cabal’ held Nigeria to ransom, many objective voices from both sides of the Niger united to speak and march on the streets of Abuja and Lagos. Apart from murmurs in some quarters, the voices of reason and constitutionalism prevailed. That was about three years ago. Since then, objectivity in public discourse has ebbed considerably. Views and positions that project national interest above regional, religious and ethnic considerations have disappeared. Moderates on both sides of any divide have gone under cover. Only extremists have a voice, and the nation is the worse for it. Media reports now wear regional and religious lenses. Stories that should enlighten our people are buried under headlines and sound-bites that entrench resentment. On social media Nigerians, the division is palpable. Every post and position is defined along regional and religious lines, no matter how reasonable the issue. The tragedy of this is that most of those active on these social networks are youths whose levels of idealism, patriotism and objectivity are supposed to be above the average of the ordinary person, or the older, more cynical citizen! While conceding that this phenomenon is not new, the intensity of the deployment of division as a political tool increased rapidly only recently. In many churches and mosques, clerics

preach in ways that encourage ethnic and religious hatred, while the authorities look on. Exploiting our mutual suspicions for political ends is not new, but now that the political objectives have been met, the challenge is to unite Nigeria and re-establish some level of trust to solve our ‘collective action problems’. Poverty, hunger and disease do not discriminate between Muslims and Christians or between Northerners and Southerners. Nigerians should be speaking about the need for improved security, (with bombs going off intermittently across the country), fiscal federalism – to give more power and responsibility with accountability to the states and to have more independent local governments, so people in my village will stop looking up to Abuja for boreholes or primary healthcare. Government must realize that criticism and opposition assist democratic governance; that those that engage government in this way are patriots, not enemies. Ultimately, the truth is that those who seek to kill objective discourse today are the sycophants and AGIPs on the corridors of power who will discard and mock Jonathan in a few years, while shamelessly singing their ways into any future government. Only those with political authority can set the pace for the reconciliation and bridgebuilding necessary to get the people to work together. Nigeria needs every one. There is strength in numbers and diversity. We are better off together than as different nations. That is the consensus we must seek to build by engaging in objective debates about Nigeria and her many problems. And for those who believe that suppressing views they do not like is what exercising power is about, I will end with this – in a democratic society no matter how flawed, appearing voiceless does not make one powerless. Every person has enough capacity for destruction and mischief that can affect the commonwealth. That is why rebuilding social cohesion and trust should be the first priority of the authorities. Happily no budgetary provision is needed to achieve that. This article was originally published on 17th JUNE, 2011.

Ultimately, the truth is that those who seek to kill objective discourse today are the sycophants and AGIPs on the corridors of power who will discard and mock Jonathan in a few years, while shamelessly singing their ways into any future government. Only those with political authority can set the pace for the reconciliation and bridge-building necessary to get the people to work together. Nigeria needs every one. There is strength in numbers and diversity. We are better off together than as different nations. That is the consensus we must seek to build by engaging in objective debates about Nigeria and her many problems.

We still welcome writers who want their views to be published in the “young voices” column to send in their articles to

. . . putting the people first



Eagles in last minute war for shirts


ll 23 members of the national team were in full flight at the UJ Esuene Stadium, Calabar yesterday evening despite a down pour, with no one sure of which of them will be on the start list for tomorrow’s World Cup qualifier against Malawi. Nnamdi Oduamadi and John Ogu were the last two players to arrive and they showed no sign of let up at the wet pitch of Calabar’s prime sports arena. Among the crowd who went to catch a glimpse of the African champions were NFF Security Committee leader, Effiong Johnson, who discussed at will security issues with the state’s Sports Commissioner, Hon Patrick Ugbe and FIFA Security chief in Nigeria, ACP Gideon Akinsola. There was alsoNFF Marketing Committee boss, Deji Tinubu, who has been trying to market Nigerian football on the world wide web and several officials too numerous to mention. At the training proper, which was the first full house ahead of the game against Malawi, Mandela Challenge hero, Uche Nwafor was splendid; so was Emmanuel Emenike, Brown Ideye, Victor Moses, Obinna Nsofor, Ahmed Musa and Shola Ameobi. When asked about his selection concerns, Head Coach, Stephen Keshi simply said he will pick only the best players that would win for him on match day. Fans at the stadium took nearly half of the arena in frenzy of their national team heroes and even after training they invaded the pitch in desperation to catch a glimpse of their stars, which did not quite go down well with the security men on ground in Calabar. “We will get over the situation before Saturday, because I am working in tandem with the Eagles’ Chief Security Officer, CSP Baba Nara”, declared ACP Akinsola yesterday evening.

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Nobody allows the centre to be stronger than the federating units…people are in the towns and villages, not at the centre. — Dr. Mu’azu Babangida Aliyu, Niger state governor, demands a review of revenue allocation formula in favour of states

It’s about Nigeria, not Buhari


he registration of the All Progressives CongressAPC -which was a merger of the main political parties in the country,has generated a great deal of excitement and rekindled the prospect of strengthening democracy and hope in our country,in place of national despair. By this act alone,the leaderships of the merging opposition parties have demonstrated that Nigeria,its future,progress and prosperity of its citizens are greater than individual ambitions.The APC is therefore a platform for Nigerians to have an alternative to fulfill their aspirations and realize their potentials with a party that is strong and nationally based. What is more it will help to arrest the drift towards oppression and anarchy. Democracy is not just about free and fair elections, the consequence of which parties alternate to form governments. It also provides opportunities for fresh policies to move the country forward.That is why presidential systems have term limits, such as we have but the failed third term attempt is a clear indication that given the opportunity, some politicians will try and subvert the system. In Parliamentary Systems,where there are no term limits,members of the governing parties remove the head of government, however, successful she or he is in government and popular with the voters.That was the fate of two British Prime Ministers,Margaret Thatcher and Tony Blair,in recent times. Alternatively, provided there are free and fair elections,

Stephen Keshi



311 689 292 327 454

GUEST COLUMNIST Muhammadu Buhari

General Muhammadu Buhari the electorate will vote out unpopular governments such as what happened with Mrs. Indira Ghandi in India. The dangers of one party or an individual remaining in power for too long are two fold:first is corruption of power.Power, it has been said, corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely.The second element is the temptation to absolutism,the rule of one party has the tendency to become the

The issue is not just about Buhari, but something greater than Buhari or any individual or parts of its whole; it is about Nigeria-its future,progress and prosperity of its citizens,living in peace, harmony, its evolution and integration. By joining the army,I had signed up to lay my life for my country.This was what my colleagues and I faced during our tragic civil war to keep our country united. Nigeria has been good to me.I was an orphan but it educated me and trained me and offered me the ultimate prize any citizen can hope for-its leadership.

7458 1765 9046 1969 0344

rule of a faction of the party and ultimately the rule of one person,a forbidding path to a Stalinist state. Regrettably, after the euphoria of its registration,public discussion has been more about personalities and less on the benefits of the emergence of a strong alternative to the governing party and the prospect it offers to widening democracy and stemming the drift to impunity,where an elected President can say he doesn’t give a damn about public opinion. The issue is not just about Buhari, but something greater than Buhari or any individual

or parts of its whole; it is about Nigeria-its future,progress and prosperity of its citizens,living in peace, harmony, its evolution and integration. By joining the army,I had signed up to lay my life for my country.This was what my colleagues and I faced during our tragic civil war to keep our country united. Nigeria has been good to me.I was an orphan but it educated me and trained me and offered me the ultimate prize any citizen can hope for-its leadership. My involvement in the political process is another call to duty and my desire to give back to Nigeria a little of what it gave me,by joining hands with others to provide viable options to our fellow citizens and evolve social and economic policies that are sustainable and all inclusive,by a caring leadership that is dedicated to the efficient management of the economy,social justice and individual liberty. Such leadership is not restricted to government alone,we all have roles to play-the National Assembly,the judiciary,the security services,the press and civil society groups,to ensure checks and balances, protection of all under the law, and accountability. If some politicians find it more convenient to drag public discussion towards the weaknesses of Nigeria, in order to hide their incompetence and divert attention from their theft of public funds,it is the responsibility of the press to steer the debate to policies and programmes, notwithstanding the diversionary self-destruct antics of the PDP. General Muhammadu Buhari is a former Head of State and presidential candidate of the Congress for Progressive Change (CPC) in the 2011 elections.

The death of objectivity revisited


Published by Peoples Media Limited, 35, Ajose Adeogun Street, 1st Floor Peace Park Plaza, Utako, Abuja. Kano office: Plot 3, Zaria Road, Opposite Kano State House of Assembly. Lagos Office: No.8 Oliyide Street, off Unity Road, Ikeja, Lagos. Tel: +234 814 292 9046. Cell: +234 802 443 2099; 803 7007 759. e-mail:; ISSN: 2141– 6141

Peoples Daily Newspaper, Friday 06, September, 2013  

Peoples Daily Newspaper, Friday 06, September, 2013

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