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Pakistan Link

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‘Bilawal Will Be NA Opposition Leader Soon’ Pakistan, a New Emerging Place to Invest Washington, DC: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif told a gathering of US investors on Monday that Pakistan was ready to privatize Pakistan Steel, PIA and a number of other industries. During a brief Q & A session, a US businessman asked the prime minister why the Pakistani currency continued to fall, Mr Sharif asked finance minister to respond and he assured the prospective investors that the government had already taken steps to arrest the decline. “And very soon, the rupee will stabilize at less than 100 to a dollar,” Mr Dar said. Earlier, in his address to the US-Pakistan Business Council, the prime minister urged them to invest in Pakistan. “I know that as business entrepreneurs you are always on the lookout for new markets and sectors for investment,” he said. “I am here to tell you how and why Pakistan is that new and emerging place, to do business with and invest in.” Mr Sharif reminded the businessmen that PLACE, P29

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Queen Presented Book Authored by Malala

ECP Creating Hurdles in Holding LG Polls, Says CJ

Nawaz-Obama Talks Positive

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US Congressmen Press for Dr Afridi’s Release Washington, DC: Prime Minister

US President Barack Obama and Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif meet in the Oval Office of the White House, October 23, 2013

Washington, DC: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has said his meeting with President Obama was positive.

The two leaders discussed various issues ranging from drone attacks, Afia Siddique, Pakistan’s

relations with India, energy crisis, bilateral trade ties and TALKS, P29

Nawaz Sharif was put on the spot when US Congressmen at the Capitol Hill pressed him for Dr Shakil Afridi’s release and Pakistan’s counter terrorism commitments. “I specifically pressed the Prime Minister to release Dr Shakil Afridi and encouraged him to ensure that his nation is in fact a responsible and effective partner in countering terrorism, proliferation and violent extremism in the region,” said Chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee Ed Royce. Royce was accompanied by ranking members of the Committee from both sides of the aisle, while Nawaz was accompanied by Advisor on National Security and Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz and Finance Minister Ishaq Dar. Royce said that the variety of issues critical to US national security came under discussion during the meeting. However, the Congressman remarked that a strong relationship between Pakistan and United States was critical to achieve shared objectives.

PM Brings an Economic Message to the White House

Pakistan Precariously Perched in Second Test Match

stan’s role in Asia after the US pulls out of Afghanistan. “Fundamentally, there is still a window to work with at the moment, to relocate Pakistan in a better strategic equation with the US. There is better appetite for that in [Washington], to look at Pakistan as part of Asia,” says Sherry Rehman, Pakistan’s former ambassador to the US. The aim of the visit is to start “building a post2014 relationship,” says Sartaj Aziz, the prime minister’s adviser on national security and foreign affairs. “We have to develop an independent relationship and there are a lot of dimensions – peace in Afghanistan and the overall shared economic relationship, which is very important.”

Dubai: Top-ranked South Africa was eyeing a big first innings lead after leg spinner Imran Tahir’s five-wicket haul helped the Proteas bowl out Pakistan for 99 on the first day of the second and final test on Wednesday. Captain Graeme Smith led from the front and was unbeaten on 67 off 138 balls with four boundaries as South Africa finished day one at 128-3. Nightwatchman Dale Steyn was with him on 3. Tahir’s 5-32 were backed up by fast bowler Steyn’s 3-38, as they spearheaded knocking over Pakistan in just 2 hours, 40 minutes. Tahir didn’t figure in the Proteas’ seven-wicket loss at Abu Dhabi last week, but struck three times in the space of 11 deliveries before lunch, and added two more as most of the batsmen attempted expansive shots. Tahir, drafted after 11 months out, looked pumped up while

Washington, DC: Prime Minister

Nawaz Sharif stressed on Tuesday the need to punish those responsible for toppling elected governments and introducing suicide bombings in the country. He made these observations in his address to the Pakistani community on Monday while asking his audience to single out those who introduced “the culture of suicide bombings, removed judges and toppled elected governments”. And then he named former military ruler Pervez Musharraf as the man responsible for some of these “crimes”, recalling that he also “fell flat on his face” when the retired general came under pressure after 9/11. His repeated emphasis on punishing military rulers is seen in Washington as a message to the US administration not to back Mr Musharraf who has been living in house-arrest since returning to

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Driving the conversation, Pakistani government officials say, was a quest to decouple the relationship from its more contentious points over the past decade – drones, the Osama bin Laden raid – to focus on economic ties

Karachi: When Pakistan

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif met with US President Barack Obama on Wednesday, the future of Afghanistan, trade ties,

and the contentious drone program appeared set to feature on his agenda. But driving the conversation, Pakistani government officials say, was a

quest to decouple the relationship from its more contentious points over the past decade – drones, the Osama bin Laden raid – to focus on economic ties and Paki-

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OPINION

P4 – PAKISTAN LINK – OCTOBER 25, 2013

Pakistan Link Tradition, Reform and Modernism in the Emergence of Pakistan - 1 n By Professor Nazeer Ahmed President

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brief and to the point. Letters without full name, complete address, and a daytime phone number will not be published. Also, copies of letters sent to other newspapers are not encouraged. Letters can be mailed, faxed or e-mailed to the Editor at the Pakistan Link Headquarters address listed below. Pakistan Link (ISSN 1074-0406) is published weekly for $65 a year by JAZ LLC, DBA PL Publications, LLC, 1501 North Raymond Avenue, Anaheim, CA 92801. Periodical postage paid at Anaheim, CA and additional mailing offices. POST MASTER: Send address changes to Pakistan Link, P O Box 1238, Anaheim, CA 92815 The management has the right to refuse to print any advertisement, news, article, letter or any other material. In case of any errors in advertisement the management will not be liable for more than the amount paid for the advertisement to the Link. Advertisements in Pakistan Link are placed in good faith. The newspaper is not responsible nor endorses the contents of any advertisement. In case of a frivolous lawsuit, the plaintiff will bear the total cost of the suit, including but not limited to the Link’s costs and the attorney’s fees.

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n important element in the emergence of Pakistan was the confluence of traditional and reformist Islam. Modernist elements were largely absent. The one person, who alone could have provided a modernist thrust, Mohammed Ali Jinnah, passed away soon after partition.

Pakistan was launched into the post-WWII world with the tensions between tradition, reform and modernism pulling it in different directions. These tensions continue to exist within a largely tribal, feudal structure in parts of Pakistan and explain many of the difficulties facing it today. It is useful to define our terminology at the outset. Traditional Islam has different meanings in different parts of the Islamic world. In the context of the subcontinent, it is the spiritual Islam that was introduced by the Awliya and the Sufi Shaikhs. It has a heavy content of Persian and Central Asian cultural influences. This is the Islam of Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti of Ajmer, Shaikh Ahmed Sirhindi of the Punjab and Shaikh Abdul Qader Jeelani of Baghdad. Reform, in the context of the subcontinent, has two branches. The first one aims to remove the accretion of medieval practices in Sufism and emphasizes the Sunnah of the Prophet. The reformist Sufi tareeqas belong to this category. There is a second, concomitant reform movement that repudiates tasawwuf altogether and aims to bring Muslim practices in line with what is transmitted through Hadith and the kitabi schools. The Wahhabi and Nadwa schools belong to this category. By contrast, modern Islam has its vision on the future. It sees Islam as a continual spiritual renewal in an expanding universe. It considers history to be an unceasing struggle of man within the bounds established by divine command. It seeks a dynamic presence in a shrinking globe that is guided by science, technology and increasing interactions across civilizational interfaces. A genuine modern Islam, embracing both spirituality and technology, is yet to emerge.

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Islam in Pakistan is a product of Sufism, as it is in much of the subcontinent. Pakistan became a possibility when traditional Sufi Islam in the Punjab shifted its allegiance from an inclusive, traditional, rural based political system to the promise of an exclusive, reformist, urban political system. The internal tensions that continue to tear at the Pakistan body politic are a result of the interactions between tradition, reform and modernism. In this series of articles, I will briefly survey how the influence of traditional Sufi Islam in the Punjab was pivotal in the critical events leading to partition.

der attempted to cross on his way back from India in 334 BC. Many a Greek soldier died from thirst and disease. The unmerciful desert did not spare the life of Alexander who fell ill and died near Babylon in 334 CE. To the north, the Silk Road to China winds through the mountains in Gilgit. Ancient caravans plied this perilous route carrying silk and pottery from China and returning with ivory, spices, gold and Buddhist manuscripts from India. The road, expanded and widened in modern times, serves as a vital link between Pakistan and China. Modern Pakistan sits astride

Modern Islam has its vision on the future. It sees Islam as a continual spiritual renewal in an expanding universe. It seeks a dynamic presence in a shrinking globe that is guided by science, technology and increasing interactions across civilizational interfaces Geography defines history. Pakistan is separated from Afghanistan by more than 1500 miles of a sinuous border running through hilly, picturesque terrain. The Khyber Pass has been the historic route for the influx of traders, scholars and conquerors from Central Asia and the Middle East into the IndoGangetic plains. The Aryans in ancient times, Alexander the Great in the fourth century BC, Chengiz Khan in the thirteenth century CE, and the Moguls in the sixteenth century CE took this route to India. To the south the desolate Makran desert straddles Baluchistan on the Pakistan-Iran border. It extends deep into the province of Sindh and yields unwillingly to the delta of the great Indus River. It was this desert that Alexan-

the intersection of three axes. The first one connects the Indian subcontinent with Iran and the Middle East. The second one connects India with Central Asia. The third connects India with China. Thus Pakistan lies at the confluence of three civilizations: the Vedic Hindu civilization of India, the Islamic Persian civilization of Iran and Central Asia, and the Buddhist-Islamic civilization of western China. The discovery of oil in the twentieth century also puts it on the major oil pipeline routes leading from the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf to the Arabian Sea. Summarily, a geographic definition of Pakistan is that it is the interface between Islamic Persia, Buddhist western China and Vedic India. Geographically, the area west

of the Indus River is a continuation of the Central Asia plateau on which Iran, Afghanistan and the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan are located. The Indus and its five tributaries, Jhelum, Chenab, Sutlej, Ravi and Beas irrigate the fertile plains of Punjab. The Kabul River brings in the waters from melting snows in the mountains of Eastern Afghanistan. To the south, the Makran desert from Iran stretches into Baluchistan and Sindh and is interrupted only by the delta of the great Indus River. Topographically, Sindh forms a part of the deserts surrounding the Persian Gulf region. The NW Frontier is an extension of the hills of Afghanistan, and the Punjab is the beginning of the great Indian plains. The history of Pakistan reflects this strategic location. In the eighth century, as the Arab Empire extended westward into Spain and eastward into western China, the province of Sindh came into the Islamic orbit through an accident of history. By the year 700 CE Baluchistan was a part of the Umayyad Empire and Sindh was a border state between India and the Arab Empire. The littoral people of the Gulf carried on a brisk trade in spices, ivory and perfumes. Security on the high seas was poor and the treasures aboard the ships were a frequent target of pirates. Legend has it that it was one of these acts of piracy that brought the Arab armies to India. In the year 707 a merchant ship belonging to an Iraqi merchant was attacked by Indian pirates. The crew and the passengers aboard the ship were carried off to Sindh where they were imprisoned by the Raja of Daibul. Iraq was a province of the Omayyad Empire and the governor of the province Hajjaj bin Yusuf wrote to the Raja asking him to free the prisoners. The Raja refused. The irate Hajjaj sent a continent of troops under Ubaidulla bin Binham to free the prisoners. Ubaidulla was defeated and killed by forces of the Raja. Hajjaj was determined that an act of piracy against a ship belonging to the Umayyad realm should not go unpunished. The exotic land of Sindh with its fabled wealth was an added attraction for the Arabs. Hajjaj assembled a seasoned cavalry of 7000 horsemen and dispatched it under the command of Mohammed bin Qasim. (To be continued next week)

The Surprising Story of ‘Thomas Jefferson’s Quran’

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n By Zia Shah homas Jefferson had a vast personal library reflecting his enormous curiosity about the world. Among his collection was the copy of a Qur’an purchased in 1765 that shaped his ideas on plurality and religious freedom in the founding of America.

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In her book Thomas Jefferson’s Qur’an: Islam and the Founders, author Denise Spellberg draws parallels between the beliefs of the founding father and religious tolerance in the United States today. “I think that there is anxiety about what Muslims believe, largely because people don’t understand Islam very well. I think that was also true in the 18th century,” Spellberg says. “It strikes me that Jefferson was

theorizing for a future that included Muslims — not in spite of their religion, but because of it and because of his notion of universal civil rights.” She sat down with All Things Considered host Arun Rath to discuss Jefferson’s Qur’an and the lasting impact of the third US president’s views on religious freedom. On how Jefferson came to have a Qur’an: “He actually was a bibliophile from the beginning. He ordered this Qur’an in 1765, eleven years before he wrote the Declaration of Independence. He was a law student at the time, and he had the book shipped from England to Williamsburg, Va. … There’s an entry in the local newspaper because they were the book-

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sellers for the time. “Europeans, and Americans after them, in this period tended to be quite hostile toward Islam. And yet Jefferson was curious about the religion and law of Muslims, and that’s probably why he bought the Qur’an.” On his views of religious freedom: “Jefferson was unique in many ways. He criticized Islam as he did Christianity and Judaism. He talked about Islam as a religion that repressed scientific inquiry — a strange idea he got from Voltaire that wasn’t right — but … was able to separate his principles about Muslim religious liberty and civil rights from these inherited European prejudices about Islam.”

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P6 – PAKISTAN LINK – OCTOBER 25, 2013 n By Dr Akbar Ahmed

T

American University Washington, DC

he outrageous killings at the Westgate shopping mall in Nairobi, Kenya and the All Saints Church in Peshawar, Pakistan last month once again prompted legitimate questions about what can be done to stop terrorist violence. While many commentators instinctively pointed to an Islamic motif in the attacks, the perpetrators themselves gave very little evidence that Islam was the basis.

By mistakenly focusing on religion as a cause, we risk missing the opportunity to focus on real root causes that could help us to reduce such acts of terrorism in the future. In the case of the Pakistan attacks, a splinter group of the Taliban in Pakistan gave a statement saying that their actions were in retaliation to American drone strikes. And Al-Shabab, a militant group which emerged in southern Somalia in the aftermath of the deadly Somalia civil war, put out a statement saying that their attack in Nairobi was in response to the Kenyan invasion of Somalia. Such violence, especially against innocent victims, is never justified. But understanding the motivations is important in order to work to stop future attacks. Only by understanding the reasons behind the violence and the nature of the society from which the violence emerges can the world work to bring these conflicts to an end. By misunderstanding root causes, governments could instead make matters worse. In my latest book The Thistle and the Drone: How America’s War on Terror Became a Global War on Tribal Islam, I examined forty case studies of tribal societies across the Muslim world, from Morocco to the southern Philippines. I found that violence is most often stoked by the structural

What’s behind the Nairobi and Peshawar Attacks?

breakdown between the decision-making centers in each country and the often marginalized periphery, and traditions of tribal revenge. While religious rhetoric has been abused to mobilize support, Islam has little

even brutalized in the newly created modern states. They struggled for decades to preserve their identity, culture and independence. Tribal society in Pakistan and elsewhere operates to preserve law and order by rely-

While many commentators instinctively pointed to an Islamic motif in the attacks, the perpetrators themselves gave very little evidence that Islam was the basis. By mistakenly focusing on religion as a cause, we risk missing the opportunity to focus on real root causes that could help us to reduce such acts of terrorism in the future or nothing to do with it. After the departure of the European colonial powers in Pakistan, Kenya and other former colonies in Africa and Asia in the mid-20th century, many tribal communities found themselves marginalized and

ing on traditional pillars of authority determined by tribal lineage and religious leadership. The historical conflict between the center and the periphery spiraled out of control when largely autonomous Waziristan became a theatre of war after the invasion

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OPINION of the Pakistani military and the introduction of US drones, both in 2004. Traditional pillars of society were challenged and sometimes even destroyed by a combination of military attacks, drone strikes, suicide bombings and tribal rivalries. By their attacks on innocent people in malls and churches, these groups have violated a basic tenet of Islam found both in the Qur’an and the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad. The killing of innocent people – especially women and children – is categorically forbidden in Islam. Drone attacks almost exclusively affect Muslim tribes with strong codes of honor and revenge —tribes living on the border of Afghanistan and Pakistan, in Yemen, Somalia and southern Philippines. For these tribes, this kind of warfare is dishonorable, particularly when women and children are killed in the strikes. With the inability to strike back against the drone, we are seeing more and more strikes on markets, churches and mosques claiming to be in retaliation. The anger is directed not only at America, but also at local governments who they see as allowing these attacks to happen, and who are largely unaffected by them. Violence begets violence. If tribal revenge, rather than Islam, is at the root of the actions of these groups, then we are missing an opportunity to address root causes as part of the solution. In order to work toward lasting peace in these troubled areas, we must have a true understanding of the motives behind the violence which produces such tragic outcomes. And, no less than knowledge, we must have compassion for those that suffer in these conflicts in all communities involved. Considering the age we live in, and keeping Nairobi and Peshawar in mind, we must strive for the great Jewish saying: tikkun olam – to heal a fractured world. (Ambassador Akbar Ahmed is the Ibn Khaldun Chair of Islamic Studies at the American University, Washington DC )


OPINION n By Dr Mohammad Taqi

N

Florida

awaz Sharif ’s start as the prime minister of Pakistan is uninspiring and unworthy of positive reinforcement.

Pakistan’s new Prime Minister, Nawaz Sharif is now over 100 days into his third stint at the helm. Public hope and international expectation was that Mr Sharif would have ready-to-go plans for dealing with the country’s national security and economic crises as he took office. Never known for a personal charisma or eloquence, Mr Sharif appears to be coming short on action too. While he has spelled out his economic agenda more clearly and repeatedly, Mr Sharif ’s national security and counterterrorism policies are mostly a hodgepodge of old and borrowed material with little new and blue. In fact, it may be a stretch to call Mr Sharif ’s ad hoc approach a policy at all. After a couple of months of muddling along, Nawaz Sharif had his national security and foreign policy advisor Sartaj Aziz dust his 1998 draft on a Cabinet Committee on National Security (CCNS) and adopted it without even a punctuation change. The draft was originally the response by Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz (PML-N) to the then army chief General Jahangir Karamat’s very public chiding and call to institutionalize the military’s role in a national security council he had proposed. The Aziz arrangement

OCTOBER 25, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P7 was designed to dull the military’s blow and while accommodating the military brass as members it skirts giving them a constitutional position. The CCNS does serve a purpose as a makeshift move and obviates the need for taking the military head on so early. But without formalizing the pecking order and assigning the brass an advisory role only, the NSCC leaves the door wide open for the military to continue formulating the national security policy and making the civilians execute it. The major issue with this arrangement remains the civilians ultimately left holding the bag when things go awry. The army has perfected the art of ruling from behind the scenes over the last five years, using the civilian leaders virtually as human shields when the international pressure mounts and then blaming them for being desirous of negotiating with the terrorists. Nawaz Sharif ’ primary challenge was to come up with a plan to counter domestic terrorism a la Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP). Instead of debating the action plans in the parliament, he opted to call an All Parties Conference (APC) to get an endorsement for what now looks like the state offering the other cheek as the TTP slapped it around. Mr Sharif has allowed himself to be taken hostage by the forces within his party and the opposition leaders like Imran Khan who want to negotiate unconditionally with and even formally concede territory to the terrorists by withdrawing army from the areas afflicted by the TTP and transnational jihadists. At the same time the army-friendly media is again projecting it as the ultimate

Sharif’s 100 Days

savior that is itching to crush the TTP. Stories quoting anonymous

Nawaz Sharif ’s start is pretty uninspiring and unworthy of positive reinforcement. He will have to do significantly better to earn the region and the world’s confidence army sources have appeared in the press that the army is at “logger-

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heads with the PML-N” on negotiating with the TTP issue. Interestingly, the army chief and the ISI director both attended and briefed the APC and the former also had the CCNS forum available to formally register any reservations they had about the talks. Ironically, the Coalition Support Fund provided by the United States has funded most, if not all, of the army operations conducted against the TTP. An army supposedly craving to fight the TTP has not been able to budget for a war it has had at its hands for almost a decade! The Pakistani Prime Minister seems to think of the TTP as an isolated problem that can be solved without taking tough decisions on his country’s Afghanistan and India policy prosecuted over the years through jihadist proxies. His approach to Afghanistan has been marked by reticence and there is little to suggest that he has new ideas other than to harp on Pakistan wanting “Afghan-owned and Afghanled” peace process. He has been more vocal about peace with India and building business ties. But it is not clear if he considers the rabidly anti-Indian hordes of the Jamat-udDawa (JuD) in the Punjab province even a minor irritant in this process. Mr Sharif ’s cricket board chief hoping about the Indian cricket team playing in Pakistan when the JuD honcho Hafiz Muhammad Saeed delivers fiery sermons at Lahore’s Qaddafi Stadium – the largest Pakistani cricket ground – every Friday does not seem ironic to them at all. The point is that Mr Sharif ’s game plan appears to be to plod along and something might give.

For Pakistan to have a counterterrorism policy, the country has to first stop supporting terror in the name of Afghan jihad. The Afghan Taliban insurgency could not have survived without the sanctuary, planning and logistic support from the Pakistan army. The TTP has consistently provided Mullah Omar with cadres and especially suicide bombers. Mr Sharif and his military leaders will have to do away with the arbitrary distinction between the so-called good and the bad Taliban if they wish at all to curb domestic terrorism. They must also realize that countries like India cannot simply pick up the peace process from where they had left after massive terrorist attacks like Mumbai. The sooner Pakistan realizes that the jihadist doctrine as the foreign policy core is incompatible with creating regional economic blocs the better. Pakistan cannot expect its neighbors to offer its jihadist proxies the other cheek as it does at home. Unlike the US, Pakistan’s neighbors, especially India, do not have the luxury of packing up and leaving. They will have to live with the success or failure of whatever Mr Sharif ’s national security and counterterrorism policies entail. Nawaz Sharif ’s start is pretty uninspiring and unworthy of positive reinforcement. He will have to do significantly better to earn the region and the world’s confidence. Hopefully the world leaders who met him in New York could encourage him to do so. (The writer can be reached at mazdaki@me.com and he tweets @ mazdaki)


P8 – PAKISTAN LINK – OCTOBER 25, 2013 n By Syed Kamran Hashmi

D

Westfield, IN

o you know the real reason for the invention of the toothpaste? If you think it was formulated to clean your teeth, protect them from decay, revitalize their shine, improve the health of your gums, reduce the incidence of dental abscess and save your life; then you are absolutely wrong. You, like most innocent Muslims, have been misled; lost in the glamor, and blinded by the glare of Western civilization.

The only exception is if the country of your origin is Pakistan. In that case, you won’t fall for their academic mumbo jumbo and ‘scientifically’ proven facts (thanks to our deep understanding of international politics). Here, even a five year old child, who cannot spell his name correctly, will be able to tell you the real reason for the development of such a ‘vicious’ compound. He knows it well that the West has always sought to attack the faith of the Muslims and their devotion to Islam. However, despite their best efforts, they have made limited progress in breaking that bond attracting only a few followers. Now, with the help of toothpaste they want to ensure their presence in every Muslim household; they intend to corrupt all the Muslim kids, plan to deprave every woman and are determined to brainwash all the seniors away from the right path. In their opinion, a toothpaste can

Toothpaste: The Root Cause for the Decline of Muslims! guarantee their long term success, a scenario they believe would develop after the third world war in which the number of human beings killed would be in billions and the ones who stayed alive would be just a few hundreds. According to their plan, only a morally corrupt and faithless Muslim, should have a chance of being counted in that select group of survivors; and the truly dedicated followers should be excluded at any cost. Thinking way ahead, as early as the late nineteenth century, they anticipated the consequences of the third world war decades before the First one had broken out. Armed with this knowledge, I went to the United States of America (USA) a few years ago. My uncle, who lived in the USA for more than twenty years; and by the grace of God, hated everything about the country of infidels, received me at the airport. Even before we had left the building, he handed me a list of products that I could never use under any circumstances during my stay in America. Almost all the toothpastes known to mankind were included in that list except one which could be used with caution as a matter of last option. Besides the toothpastes, it also included shampoos, bathing soaps, facial creams, hair products and body lotions. Eatables including most bakery products could not be consumed and eating in a restaurant

was out of question either. I was duly alerted about the corruptive powers lurking behind the façade of refined sugar which he thought was impermissible to be used as well. The only products that I was allowed to take home were fresh fruits, vegetables, milk, ice, flour, rice and the cooking oil. This list was formulated by religious scholars of North America who, after tremendous amount of research, had determined that the compounds constituting these products could have pork ingredients in them. They were not sure but they had connected the dots and the trail led to pig farms and animal origin-fat. They concluded that these products were not permissible. As my uncle shared this information with me, the onion of the West’s nefarious scheme was peeled in front of my eyes. I realized that had my uncle not given

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me the list that day, my whole body would have been polluted, which I thought was their original plan. The following morning, I called one of the companies and spoke to their representative inquiring about the origin of all the ingredients listed in their product. Just after the fifth ingredient-I think it was polyethylene glycol-out of the list of forty, she got defensive and behaved as if she he had no idea what I was talking about. I had anticipated this kind of behaviour from the outset, realizing that the front person of these corporations would deliberately be left in the dark about the company’s master plan. I was not the one to let her off the hook that easily. As such, I continued to insist on getting more details. Audibly shaken by my questions, she finally transferred me to her supervisor who then transferred me to another department and then I was referred

OPINION to another till I hung up. Everyone, from their research department to their marketing specialists, said they had no way of confirming the origin of every ingredient of their toothpastes. They claimed that the process of obtaining the ingredients was complex, involving cooperation of multiple smaller companies and was handled by various departments within the organization. I knew they were lying. However, this was enough for me to read between the lines which said: every product is ‘contaminated’ till proven otherwise. Even though the modern toothpaste was most likely invented for the first time in the ninth century by a Muslim polymath Abul Hassan Ali Ibne Nafi also known as Zaryab, his invention was stolen by an American scientist, Dr. Washington Sheffield in the late nineteenth century who developed it in the modern collapsible form. I believe that was the time when the American Government along with its ally, Colgate and Company, launched their joint venture to corrupt the Ummah by making their product commercially available and introducing it in every Muslim household. Their plan has succeeded. In the name of toothpastes and cleanliness, they have poisoned our souls. Their first victim was the Ottoman Empire after the First World War as mentioned earlier and their last target is going to be Pakistan, the fortress of Islam. We should, therefore, to protect our faith, stop using all products that they claim are developed for “hygienic purposes.”


OPINION

OCTOBER 25, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P9

n By Karamatullah K. Ghori

P

Toronto, Canada

eace in our time is what every two-bit Pakistani politician poetically pontificates without, of course, knowing how to find that elusive Holy Grail.

Mian Nawaz Sharif pompously took the token step forward in quest of peace by convening the long-delayed All Parties’ Conference (APC) to assemble the galaxy of his fellow politicians around one table, and under one roof. Nawaz’ initiative was very welcome, if for nothing else, then at least for its symbolism. Pakistani politicos have otherwise the unenviable reputation of a bunch of unruly cats whose best skills are spent in calling each other names and squabbling like frustrated house-wives. Nawaz’ well-choreographed APC came up with a consensus to hold peace parleys with the state’s adversary, which happens to be the Tehrik-e-Taliban-e-Pakistan (TTP) in this case. However, neither the APC’s convenor, i.e. PM Nawaz Sharif, nor any of the puffed-up political ‘stake-holders’ and ‘national leaders’ assembled there, took the trouble of informing the people of Pakistan—who are the real stake-holders of the state—what the parameters of the proposed dialogue with TTP was going to be. A dialogue is—at the very least—between two parties. To borrow a famous phrase from that bad actor-turned-poor politician, Ronald Reagan, it takes two to tango. Here, in this case, we know—now that we are wiser after the APC—that at least one party, the State of Pakistan, is eager and all-primed to talk about peace with the other party. However, the other party has yet to state, as categorically and unequivocally as the State of Pakistan, that it, too, is all prim and primed to tango. The best that we’ve heard, so far, from TTP, is a vague welcome of the government’s initiative. An even weightier concern of this scribe—and others in my league who may not be direct stake-holders but happen to have a deep concern for peace to prevail ‘in our time’—is that the party suing for peace, the Government of Pakistan(GOP) and all other political stake-holders, hasn’t said anything about what price it expects the adversary to pay, at the very minimum? Surprisingly, the principal party emerging from the APC seems all set to roll without laying down any conditions for the dialogue. As far as GOP is concerned, the impression even a layman would be entitled to draw, correctly, is that it’s ready to talk to the Taliban without demanding even the basic minimum that it (TTP) lay down its arms. We shall discuss it later whether it’s a sign of weakness or over-confidence—or something else—that GOP is bravely inclined to hold peace parleys with TTP without stipulating any conditions or demands from its side. However, TTP didn’t lose a moment in coming up with its conditions for dialogue: the

n By M. Ziauddin

L

Karachi, Pakistan

etting foreign policy issues be guided by the street is like riding a tiger. Once the ride begins, you can forget about getting down when you want to because if you do, more likely than not, the tiger would trample you and if you don’t, even then you are likely to meet the same fate because you are certain to be thrown off when the tiger gets tired of carrying your load.

For example, take the issue of offering India the Most-Favored Nation (MFN) status or allowing India transit facility through Pakistan to trade with Afghanistan and onwards. In the case of MFN, we are not giving any concession to India; we are simply reciprocating a step that New Delhi has already taken by offering Pakistan the MFN status. But every time an of-

Peace at What Price?

army withdrawn from the tribal areas and all TTP prisoners held by GOP released. So what the layman would deduce from this obvious dichotomy in the positions of the two parties—GOP and TTP—is that GOP must feel vulnerable and weak—if not deeply distressed and frustrated—to be ready to enter the blind alley of peace parleys with its adversary without any pre-conditions, while the intractable adversary feels emboldened enough to insist that its pre-conditions be met before it comes to the table. That TTP thinks it has the upper hand in the situation was the message writ large on the ghastly murder of the Divisional Commander of Malakand, Major-General Sanaullah and two other officers of the army in a road-side bomb blast on September 15.

the disturbing element that the army and the civilian leadership—after all the hullabaloo of the APC and the political capital Nawaz Sharif sought from it—still don’t seem to be on the same page in regard to the Taliban, and how to deal with their menace. Cracks in the façade of unanimity Nawaz was so anxious to flaunt in the wake of the APC became all too obvious with the Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaf (PTI) government, in power in Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa (KP) demanding so quickly on its heels that the army be taken out from Malakand Division, which also includes the sensitive valley of Swat. PTI may have its own priorities and compulsions in asking the federal government to withdraw the army from a politically fragile part of the land governed by it. But this seem-

PTI may have its own priorities and compulsions in asking the federal government to withdraw the army from a politically fragile part of the land governed by it. But this seemingly innocuous request raises a number of questions while leaving several others unanswered TTP doesn’t want to leave anybody, including GOP and all other stake-holders of APC, in any doubt that it doesn’t want any conditions attached to the proposed peace dialogue. Adding injury to insult, it’s also making a brazen statement that it wouldn’t give up— even temporarily—what it does best: murder unsuspecting and innocent people, in uniform or mufti, in cold blood, and take pride in its bestial sport. The murder of General Sanaullah may have rightly prompted General Kayani to warn the Taliban that while the quest of peace was his primary concern it would be a grave mistake to interpret it as the army’s lack of will or capability to “take the fight” to the enemy, if necessary and warranted. General Kayani’s message was clear and unambiguous. It was the least expected of an army chief who’d just lost one of his senior officers to terrorism. But it doesn’t paper over

ingly innocuous request raises a number of questions while leaving several other unanswered. Why should PTI rush into getting the army out of Malakand, including Swat, while the proposal of peace dialogue with TTP is still a straw in the wind? Does PTI leadership think that their gesture would help the Taliban to firm up their mind for peace parleys with Islamabad? The PTI leader, Imran Khan, has long been an ardent champion and advocate of the argument that we bear the primary responsibility for drawing the Taliban into a fight with us, i.e. Pakistan, because we volunteered to collude with the Americans in their war against terror. Imran hasn’t wavered in his passionate espousal of the reasoning that there would not have been this bloody confrontation with the Taliban if Musharraf hadn’t—so foolishly and arrogantly—sold Pakistan down- the- river.

It’s the Economy, Stupid

ficial move appears to be in the offing in this respect, Hafiz Saeed, the head of the Jamatud Daawa, brings his hordes on the street protesting the move. What Hafiz Saeed and his sponsors refuse to see in their twisted wisdom is that increased trade with our more developed neighbor would bring down considerably our dependence on foreign dole (which compromises greatly our sovereignty) as our import bill would go down drastically, at least in the case of intermediaries and raw materials, which at present we are importing paying prohibitive freight costs from far off euro, dollar and sterling markets. Even many of the essential but costly finished goods which we are currently importing from overseas, we can fabricate more economically within the country by importing the required components and

skilled manpower from India. In return, Pakistan would get a massive Indian market to explore. The huge difference in the exchange rate between the currencies of the two countries would make our goods highly competitive in India. And the street is also opposed to allowing India transit trade facility as the forces with street power have been given to understand that this would throw our doors wide open for the Indian spy machine to operate freely in our country. Every country has spies to spy on other countries, especially on neighbors and more especially those neighbors with whom they have gone to war a number of times. India, I am sure, already has a number of its agents in our country as, I assume, we have our own in India. Our job is not to close shop in

www.PakistanLink.com

There’s undeniable merit in Imran’s argument, but only up to a point. Yes, Musharraf ought to be hauled up the tallest pole in Islamabad for his culpability in the deaths of tens of thousands of our civilians and soldiers killed since the Americans swooped down on Afghanistan and spawned the Pakistani Taliban on our side of the border. But all this legitimate crying over spilt milk doesn’t help us, at all, in coming to grips with the unfortunate ground reality of today where we have only two choices: an honourable peace with the Taliban that guarantees the sanctity of GOP’s writ over every inch of Pakistan, or a total defeat of the Taliban on the battle-field. There’s no third choice. So at this juncture where a peace dialogue with the Taliban hasn’t even started—and still has the possibility to remain a pie-in-thesky—KP government’s rush to have the army out of Malakand has the potential of being interpreted—not only by TTP but by independent observers, too—as appeasement, premature and ill-advised. That Mian Nawaz Sharif doesn’t have a clue how to force the Taliban to the peace table is amply borne out from the lack of a clear and unambiguous policy guideline of his government on the peace dialogue. That he left for Turkey for an official visit while the whole nation was still mourning the murder of senior military officials may not be such an outrage— in a real world—but in the present fog of diffidence and dithering that informs the state of Pakistan it could easily be misinterpreted as cracks showing in the façade of unity between the civilian and military leaderships of the country. Any sensible and seasoned political leader would avoid treading such a path. Nawaz, not a novice to the tangled and arcane game of power politics in Pakistan, is expected to be wiser. This takes us back to square one and the basic question: what are we offering as inducement to the Taliban, and what’s on offer from them? What the GOP is offering TTP is a lot: no conditions attached to the proposed dialogue. They are provocatively thumbing their noses at all those who think peace is a preferable option to come to terms with the scourge of terror stalking the land of Pakistan. Enough of dithering and procrastination in the government camp: clearing the cobwebs that have marred progress to a clear road map to the desired peace process with the Taliban has become ineluctable. Nawaz, Imran et al. in the ruling hierarchy need to understand that we can’t hope to get anything viable or long-lasting from a trigger-happy Taliban leadership from a position of obvious, or perceived, weakness. There shouldn’t be a dialogue with the TTP unless they agreed, in advance, to basic minimal demands of the State: sanctity of the law of the land—the Constitution of Pakistan—and a cease-fire that should stick. Anything less would be a waste of time. (The author is a retired ambassador and career diplomat)

order to keep these spies from spying on us but to continue on the road to progress and development in spite of these spies; of course, there are a number of measures one can take, if one has the will and the appropriate skills, to neutralize the operations of foreign spies to a great extent. If we assess the issue of allowing transit trade facility to India unemotionally and purely in economic terms, we would not miss the immense benefits that would accrue to Pakistan at a minimum cost that we would be required to pay for keeping a close eye on Indian spies in Pakistan. Also, let us not make the offer of MFN status to India conditional to the start of a composite dialogue or that of transit trade facility conditional to the resolution of the Kashmir issue because then India would be justified in mak-

ing composite dialogue conditional to bringing the culprits of the Mumbai massacre to book by Pakistan and to verifiable closure of all jihadi training camps in Pakistan and Azad Kashmir. On its part, India should also stop playing so hard to get. It should accept Prime Minister (PM) Nawaz Sharif ’s unconditional offer of friendship. Even the army leadership has said that it is on the same page with the PM on his declared India policy. We lost our best chance to normalize relations with India at the time of the Agra summit when General (retd) Musharraf tried to overreach by refusing to renounce militancy in return for a final settlement of the Kashmir issue. Today, India has the chance of getting a most favorable settlement of all issues with Pakistan. It should grab the chance with both hands and free the teeming millions of the subcontinent from the perpetual fear of a war-in-theoffing and that, too, a nuclear one.


OPINION

P10 – PAKISTAN LINK – OCTOBER 25, 2013 n By Dr Adil Najam

F

Lahore, Pakistan

or as long as I can remember, I have been hearing the argument that we Pakistanis just cannot stand in lines. The argument is usually made in conjunction with the observation that this disability shows up only when we are in Pakistan, and as soon as a Pakistani lands abroad this predisposition vanishes. There is amusement as well as frustration expressed at this duality; khula tazaad, if you will. It is striking how much consensus we seem to have around this set of observations; not only that they are so but also that they are somehow representative of our character as a people and meaningful as social analysis.

Of course, like just any generalization made about more than 170 million people, this set of observations is not entirely true. Not all lines in Pakistani are characterized by chaos and mayhem; not all Pakistanis abroad become immediately immune to queue jumping; and certainly this is not an affliction unique to us Pakistanis alone. However, the fact that we incessantly use this example as a reflection of our collective self-image and that we consider it to possess broad explanatory power is noteworthy. This, in and of itself, lends meaning to the observation. It matters that lines get broken, that queues are jumped, that tempers rise, that faith in something as simple as a queue is questioned. It matters even more why this happens. Please be reassured that I do not intend to jump into a tirade about the nastiness of queue jumping. Nor do I claim any great expertise in the pathology of breaking lines. In commenting on this observation I merely wish to invite readers to think about why this may be as it is and to suggest that maybe our behavior in queues is symptomatic of phenomena more profound than just queues. Let me suggest that a good start-

n By Teresa Studzinski and Dr David Leffler

A

n article published in Business Standard (“Pakistan’s aerial defence impregnable: Nawaz Sharif,” 11 Oct 2013) reports that Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif asserted that “...our enemy must know that Pakistan’s aerial defense is impregnable.” Regrettably, Sharif is not alone in thinking this way. Other prominent Pakistani leaders have also held identical opinions regarding Pakistan’s alleged invincibility.

Invincibility of a nation is a laudable goal. Throughout time, scientists have applied new technologies to achieve it, and as history shows, with no success. Adversaries inevitably devise methods to counter any defense system, and no doubt they could do the same in Pakistan, as well as in any territory. As demonstrated by numerous terrorist attacks not only in Pakistan, but worldwide, conventional approaches cannot provide an effective defense against sudden acts of violence, or remove suicide terrorists willing to die for their cause. This weakness above refers to all current approaches, with no exception. However, for the leaders who seek it, there is a solution to achieve the goal of true unquestioned invincibility. The method comes from the field of social

Why We Break Lines and Why It Matters

ing point for understanding why we behave in lines as we do is to revert to the scholarship of Prof Ronald Coase (Economics Nobel, 1991) and Prof Douglas North (Economics Nobel, 1993), considered to be amongst the pioneers of what has come to be termed as new institutional economics. North describes institutions as “humanly devised constraints that structure political, economic and social interactions” and, like Coase, would consider them to include the laws, rules, customs and norms constructed to advance and preserve social order. In such a conception, the idea of the line or queue is itself an institution: a humanly devised constraint that structures our interaction and seeks to preserve order and, at a very basic level, justice (after all, it would be unjust if those who come first are not served first). The collapse of the idea of a line, therefore, is the collapse of an institution. Let me suggest, therefore, that our general lack of respect for lines is symptomatic of a general lack of respect for institutions; including a prevalent disrespect for law, for regulation, and in the broadest sense, for good governance. I realize that this may seem like a stretch of the imagination, but do please bear with me. Each one of us has seen, been angered by, and possibly lashed out at our compatriots who blatantly break lines and jump queues. Too many of us may have resorted to doing the same ourselves. Maybe reluctantly. Maybe in retaliation. Maybe in rage. I suspect, however, that we felt bad doing so. Knowing that what we were doing is wrong, but convincing ourselves that ‘if I do not break the line, I will never get served’ and that ‘this is the way things work around here’. In this articulation lies the recognition that the idea of the institution of the line has collapsed: the idea that if you stand in a line your turn will come when it is due; that you will be treated in the same fashion as everyone else; that you will forego your instant gratification (i.e., immediate attention) in lieu of others doing the

same; that in doing so social order will be maintained, preserved, and advanced. The tragedy is that the notion of ‘if I do not break the line, I will never get served’ and ‘this is the way things work around here’ has been used far too often by too many of us to justify the stabbing of institutions; and not just lines. This argument, after all, is also based on the ‘doctrine of necessity’. One hopes that we have shunned

not work. A society working on such an assumption will necessarily slide down the spiral of dysfunctional lines; indeed, of dysfunctional institutions. Interestingly, herein lies the answer to the dichotomy identified at the beginning. I am likely to respect the line (for example, at a foreign airport) if I think that those around me will respect the line; I am not likely to do so (for example, at a Pakistani

Not all lines in Pakistani are characterized by chaos and mayhem; not all Pakistanis abroad become immediately immune to queue jumping; and certainly this is not an affliction unique to us Pakistanis alone this doctrine from the practice of high politics in Pakistan, but it seems to thrive still in lines and queues all across the country, every day. From a governance perspective, the important realization in the above is that people break lines not because they like chaos and disorder. We do so because we do not trust the institution of the line. The irony, of course, is that if I act on the assumption that the line will not work, then – by circular definition – it will

airport) if I see that those around me are not. Obviously, then, if we could give people the confidence that the line works, then the line will work. My own recent experiences at the local passport office, at the Nadra office I visited to process my computerized national identity card, at fast-food counters, etc, suggest that where we see others respecting the line – or a respect for the line being enforced – we very quickly learn a very different behavior.

Nawaz’s Claim of Impregnability of Pakistan’s Air Defense System sciences and modern statistics -- not from conventional approaches utilizing weaponry, and not from the field of politics. The Global Alliance for Preventive Wings in the Military (GAPWM) requests that Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his military leaders seriously consider, investigate, and deploy a scientifically-verified and fieldtested approach for permanent invincibility. It has been validated by 23 studies published in peer-reviewed scientific journals. Based on 25 years of research, it has been endorsed by independent scientists and scholars. Where deployed by foreign military circles, it is known as Invincible Defense Technology (IDT). This preventive defense system works on the level of the unified field, where all the forces of nature are united. This human resource-based defense technology supersedes all others based on weaker electronic, chemical, and nuclear forces. As objective tool of modern statistics and research data show, the outcome is what we define as invincibility. IDT involves creating Preventive Wings of the Military. Their warrior’s daily routine includes two hours twice a

day practice of a human resource-based technology, also known and researched as the Transcendental Meditation and its advanced TM-Sidhi program. As a military societal coherence-creating unit, they quietly practice these programs for about two hours, twice a day, seven days a week, preferably in a secure location. Their presence and operation does not need to be disclosed to achieve the effect of violence removal and conflict resolution. Such coherence-creating groups have achieved positive benefits to society, shown statistically, in even just 48 hours. Modern statistical methods used in this research preclude chance or coincidence. The 23 studies carried out in developed and developing nations in all continents, including the Middle East, Africa, Southeast Asia, and Latin America, constitute the largest and the most successful experiment in social sciences of the 20th century. The IDT approach was used during wartime (leading to a reduction in fighting, number of deaths, and casualties, and progress toward resolving the conflict), and in peace (resulting in a drop in crime rate, drop in violent death index, decrease of misery index, drop in

www.PakistanLink.com

unemployment, and rise in a quality of life index). Societies using it perform extremely well in a very short time. This approach decreased the intensity of war in Lebanon in 1984 in a dramatic way in 48 hours, to name only one of the successful experiments. In 1992, President Joaquim Chissano, Lt. Gen. Tobias Dai, and the Chiefs of Staff of the Mozambique military carefully analyzed the IDT research. They made a unanimous decision to adopt it for their country by training about 3,000 soldiers and 16,000 police. As predicted, violence dropped dramatically by 1993. Societies using these groups also become more selfsufficient. For instance, in Mozambique the economic growth reached 19%. Once the poorest world country in 1992, by 2000 it had moved up to be the world’s fastest-growing economy. If we are seriously considering national invincibility, we have to make sure that two factors are in place: Firstly, violence has to be effectively removed domestically and in the neighboring regions; secondly, prevention of its recurrence has to be scientifically controlled without infringing on any nation’s freedom. All the approaches and strategies

But let us also not forget what Douglas North points out in his Nobel lecture, “Institutions are not necessarily or even usually created to be socially efficient… [they] are created to serve the interests of those with the bargaining power to create new rules.” Proof can be seen in a Pakistani queue gone astray – the parchi, the sifarish, the tantrum, the bribe are all tools used by those who have greater ‘bargaining power’ to create new rules for themselves and, in that process, to further distort an institution (the queue) that is already not working. All of this, of course, is not about lines. Not even remotely. It is about institutions. We can easily extrapolate from the above to any institution in Pakistan. The reason we should seriously think about how we behave in lines, and why, is the same as why we should seriously read Ronald Coase and Douglas North. Because Pakistani institutions are failing – terribly. As the two Nobel winners will remind us, this is not simply a question of ‘politics,’ ‘corruption,’ ‘bad manners,’ or ‘illiteracy.’ At its core it is a question of institutional design; of transaction costs, of externalities, of incentive structures. The lesson we should learn from the chaos in the Pakistani queue is the same that we should learn from Professors Coase and North. Those who manage institutions – whether it be the line at the railway station, national tax collection, the national electricity grid, or our irrigation network – need to think about institutional design (i.e., rules of the game). That is the role of government. But that alone will not be enough. As citizens, we too have to rethink our belief systems about the rules of the game and how we react, respond and give respect to institutions. To give Douglas North the last word: “Both institutions and belief systems must change for successful reform since it is the mental models of the actors that will shape choices.” (The writer has taught international relations and diplomacy at Boston University and at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and was the vice chancellor of LUMS) used currently fail to provide even one of these prerequisites of invincibility. We live in the modern scientific world. Statistical methods and approaches have been used broadly on a daily basis in many fields. If there is a statistically validated solution available for violence removal and prevention, it should be utilized -- especially if previously used approaches have not been backed by rigorous research regarding their effectiveness to resolve conflict and bring stability. Therefore, they lack even a remote statistical guarantee of success. If Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif really believes that Pakistan is “a peace-loving country” that “always strived for peace,” then his “country would continue to play a responsible role in the comity of nations” if he and the commander-in-chief of the armed forces order the Pakistani military to use the unified field approach -- IDT method. If Sharif quickly acts, Pakistan could make history and gain international prestige by creating lasting peace. (Teresa Studzinski, is the President of The Global Alliance for Preventive Wings in the Military. Dr David Leffler, Executive Director at the Center for Advanced Military Science, is the author of “A New Role for the Military: Preventing Enemies from Arising -- Reviving an Ancient Approach to Peace”)


PAKISTAN

OCTOBER 25, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P11

Nawaz Meets Kerry, Emphasizes Need for Strong Bilateral Relations

US Secretary of State John Kerry (L) shakes hands with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif before their meeting at the State Department in Washington, October 20, 2013

Washington, DC: The US Secre-

tary of State John Kerry hosted a dinner in honor of the Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his delegation at the State Department, soon after his arrival in the US capital. From the US side, senior Administration officials including Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel, National Security Advisor Susan Rice, Director CIA John Brennan and SRAP James Dobbins assisted the Secretary of State.

Welcoming the PM, Kerry expressed confidence that the visit would provide the necessary stimulus to further deepen and expand US-Pakistan relations. Kerry stressed that the US would work with Nawaz in all areas of bilateral relations under the revived mechanism of the Strategic Dialogue. He further appreciated the bold decisions taken by Nawaz for reviving the economy and overcoming energy shortages.

Nawaz said that he looked forward to meeting with President Obama at the White House on October 23. This would be the first summit level interaction between the two countries after the historic democratic transition in Pakistan. The Prime Minister reiterated his determination to revive the economy and improve the law and order situation in Pakistan. Outlining his vision of promoting peace and stability in the region, Nawaz emphasized the need for the two countries to work together in meeting the common challenges of extremism and terrorism. Other matters of mutual interest including regional stability and the situation in Afghanistan were also discussed during the meeting. Advisor to the Prime Minister on National Security and Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz, Finance Minister Ishaq Dar, Special Assistant to the Prime Minister on Foreign Affairs Syed Tariq Fatemi and Foreign Secretary Jalil Abbas Jilani have accompanied Nawaz to the US. Earlier, upon his arrival at the Andrews Air Force Base in Washington for a three-day official visit, Nawaz was accorded a warm welcome by the senior officials of the White House and the Department of State. A contingent of the US armed services presented a guard of honor to the Prime Minister.

US Restarts Security Assistance to Pakistan Washington, DC: The United States has quietly restarted security assistance to Pakistan, US officials said on Sunday, after freezing much of that aid during a period of strained relations beginning with the 2011 Navy SEAL raid that killed al Qaeda chief Osama bin Laden. While the move to free up the aid has been underway for some months, it became public as President Barack Obama prepared for a White House meeting on Wednesday with Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. Relations between the two countries remain tense on major issues, including Pakistani opposition to US drone strikes and Washington’s complaints about ties of the Pakistani intelligence service to militant groups active in Afghanistan. But the bonds appear to be on the mend after a series of major setbacks in recent years, including the bin Laden raid, a NATO air strike that mistakenly killed Pakistani border guards and a January 2011 incident in which a CIA contractor killed two men on the streets of Lahore, Pakistan. Sharif was scheduled to meet with members of the US Congress in Washington this week and aid will be one of the main issues, a congressional staff member said. The deterioration had led to freezing of some funding and to the US Congress enacting additional restrictions on aid to Islamabad. “As part of our annual funding process, throughout the course of this past summer the State Department notified Congress of how it planned to program funds from several different accounts for various programs in Pakistan,” State Department spokeswoman

Marie Harf said. “While this is part of a long process of restarting security assistance cooperation after implementation was slowed during the bilateral challenges of 2011 and 2012, civilian assistance has continued uninterrupted throughout,” Harf said in an email. The Associated Press first reported on Saturday that the United States was releasing $1.6 billion in military and economic assistance to Pakistan that previously had been appropriated. Congressional aides said on Sunday the assistance had been restarted over the past few months. For fiscal year 2014, which began on October 1, Obama has requested $1.162 billion for Pakistan, including $857 million in civilian assistance and $305 million in security assistance, Harf said. Much of US security aid to Pakistan is intended to bolster the ability of its military to counter militants in

the country’s semi-autonomous tribal areas.

‘US Sought Pakistan’s Help in Stopping Attack in 1998’

Washington, DC: The US sought Pakistan’s help in 1998 to prevent Osama bin Laden from launching an Al Qaeda attack against it, with then president Bill Clinton asking then prime minister Nawaz Sharif to use his influence over the Taliban in averting the imminent strike. Mr Clinton telephoned Mr Sharif from Oval Office and asked for his help after an intelligence input about an imminent Al Qaeda attack, according to the declassified memorandum of the telephonic conversation made available by the Clinton presidential library in Little Rock, Arkansas. HELP, P27

www.PakistanLink.com

US Media Reports New Warmth in Pakistan-US Ties

Washington, DC: There was an air of optimism and hope in Washington for improvement in PakistanUS relations ahead of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif ’s official talks with President Barack Obama. Official statements and media reports indicated a warm tone for Wednesday’s White House meeting between the two leaders. “For a variety of reasons, there’s a bit more optimism and hope in the relationship, I think, on both sides than there has been for a while,” a senior US State Department official told The Washington Post. Both sides have expressed similar sentiments on the future of the relationship, which ebbed to an unprecedented low point in 2011 with a string of unsavory episodes. “There were hiccups in 2011 and 2012, but we truly believe things are getting better,” Foreign Affairs Adviser Sartaj Aziz said. The two countries, though, still have to deal with contentious issues like the Obama administration’s ongoing, if diminished, drone strikes against suspected terrorists on Pakistani territory, allegations of cross-border militancy and concerns about the future of Afghanistan after 2014. Pakistani and American experts on South Asia say the two sides must build trust as they go forward into a new phase in their relationship. “But neither country wants to return to the rollercoaster relations that touched bottom in 2011, when a US raid in Pakistan killed Osama bin Laden and a Nato air strike killed 24 Pakistani soldiers near the country’s border with Afghanistan,” the Post remarked. Islamabad’s support for Afghan reconciliation and availability of its overland routes are considered crucial to a smooth withdrawal of American combat troops from landlocked Afghanistan by the end of next year. The Post report says that compared to Mr Sharif ’s last visit to Washington in 1999 he is now a much stronger political leader. “On Sunday, Prime Minister Sharif returns here for an official visit in a far more secure position. He was elected in May in Pakistan’s first-ever transfer of power from one civilian government to another; his party holds a firm parlia-

mentary majority.” In order to reflect and encourage the improvement in relations, the Obama administration has moved to speed up the release of more than $1 billion in previously approved military and economic assistance as well as promised compensation to the Pakistani military for counter-terrorism expenses. According to the paper, US officials acknowledge that Mr Sharif, who has adopted a clear stand on the drone issue, has sent numerous signals that he is ready to reduce tensions. In late June, they credited his government with helping nudge the Afghan Taliban to Qatar for an attempt to jumpstart peace talks between the militant group and Afghan President Hamid Karzai’s government. On Afghanistan, both countries have their own respective concerns. Pakistan worries about whether post-war Afghanistan will be stable and well-financed enough to prosper. If security tops the Obama administration’s agenda, Pakistan’s economy tops Mr Sharif ’s, US officials say. The New York Times observed in a report that the White House had set a warm tone for the meeting, officially stating that it would highlight the “resilience of the US-Pakistan relationship” and cooperation on trade and economic development, regional stability and the fight against extremism. A report in the paper said the relations had been gradually improving since the 2011 events. Marie Harf, a State Department spokeswoman, defended the US assistance for Pakistan, saying renewed aid was “part of a long process of restarting security assistance cooperation after implementation was slowed during the bilateral challenges of 2011 and 2012”. “US security assistance continues to build the counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism capabilities of Pakistan’s security forces, which is critical to countering violence in the western border regions,” Ms Harf told the paper in an email. The spokeswoman added that civilian aid had “continued uninterrupted”. The aid, she stressed, had “delivered real results on the issues most important to Prime Minister Sharif and all Pakistanis: energy, education and economic growth”.


PAKISTAN

P12 – PAKISTAN LINK – OCTOBER 25, 2013

‘Bilawal Bhutto Will Be National Assembly Opposition Leader Soon’

Shahabuddin hoped that the young Bhutto would eventually progress from opposition leader to prime minister of Pakistan in the next general elections

Multan: Pakistan Peoples Party

(PPP) Patron-in-Chief Bilawal Bhutto Zardari will soon be appointed opposition leader in the National Assembly after winning the elections, PPP President of south Punjab chapter Makhdoom Shahbuddin said on Monday. Shahabuddin was talking to the media at the Multan Press Club where he was accompanied by the entire South Punjab PPP leadership. His words echoed recent media reports that suggest Bilawal

will be elected as a member of the National Assembly – possibly from NA-204 Larkana – after the seat is vacated by Former Sindh law minister Ayaz Soomro. Shahabuddin added that the young Bhutto would eventually progress from opposition leader to prime minister of Pakistan in the next general elections. Though he was officially ‘launched’ last year, the young chairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party only entered the political

ECP Creating Hurdles in Holding LG Polls, Says CJ

Islamabad: “It appears as if the ECP is creating hurdles in holding the local bodies polls,” remarked Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry Monday as he criticized the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) for failing to expedite the process of holding Local Government (LG) elections across Pakistan. A three-member bench of the Supreme Court, headed by the chief justice, was hearing a case pertaining to holding of local government elections in the country. Representing the Election Commission, DG Election Sher Afgan said notifications regarding new delimitation had not been received from the provinces and this explained why the ECP was unable to hold elections on time. “Local government elections are a constitutional obligation which will help reduce problems of the people if implemented upon,” the Chief Justice observed. Representing the federal government, Additional Attorney General Shah Khawar informed the court that a draft of the act for holding LG polls in urban areas of the

federal capital had been finalized and will be implemented after getting the cabinet’s approval. Meanwhile, the advocate general Sindh apprised the court that the province was ready to hold the LG polls on November 27 and all obstacles had been removed in that regard. He said the ECP had also been duly informed. Additional Advocate General Punjab Muhammad Hanif Khatana also informed the court about the province’s willingness to hold the polls on time saying the process of delimitation of constituencies was ongoing on and will be concluded by November 4.

realm on Friday with a speech in which he directly demonstrated his role in the party for the first time. In so many ways, 25-year-old Bilawal is a reflection of the party that he has inherited. Both are in a transitional phase, which can be a very long and awkward affair requiring patience, investment and experience. His political career is technically only a few months old. It is too early to judge him, and certainly too early to write him off – as many have already done.

Zubaida Khanum Passes away

Malala, accompanied by her father, gave the queen a copy of her autobiography, “I Am Malala”, telling her: “It is a great honor for me to be here, and I wanted to present you with this book.”Accepting the gift, the 87-year-old monarch replied: “That’s very kind of you”

London: Malala Yousafzai was reduced to fits of laughter on Friday by Queen Elizabeth II’s husband Prince Philip as she met the royal couple at Buckingham Palace. The 16-year-old, who was shot by the Taliban for championing girls’ rights to an education, met Queen Elizabeth at a reception for youth, education and the Commonwealth. The activist survived being shot in the head on her school bus on October 9 last year and was sent for treatment to Britain where she now lives. Malala, accompanied by her father, gave the queen a copy of her autobiography, “I Am Malala”, telling her: “It is a great honor for me to be here, and I wanted to present you with this book.”Accepting the gift, the 87-year-old monarch replied: “That’s very kind of you.”

Malala told the queen, who is head of the Commonwealth, that she was passionate about every child around the world having a right to an education. “Especially in this country as well,” she added. “I have heard about many children that can’t go to school, and I want to continue our work.” Prince Philip, 92, joked that in Britain, people wanted their children to go to school to get them out of the house, a comment that left Malala covering her face in a fit of giggles. The reception, in the palace’s White Drawing Room, was attended by 350 guests from academic institutions around the world. At an event in Edinburgh on Saturday, Malala is set to be reunited with the two school friends who injured alongside her.

Pakistan Refutes Indian Minister’s Statement on Kashmir Islamabad: Expressing disapLahore: Renowned playback singer pointment at comments by In-

and one of the best belonging to Lollywood’s golden era Zubaida Khanum breathed her last on Saturday night after a fatal heart attack. The 78-year-old singer was suffering from prolonged heart ailments for the last few years and had been living with her sons in the West Wood Colony in Lahore. He condition deteriorated on Saturday and she was taken to a hospital near her residence where doctors pronounced her dead. At the height of her career, Ms Karachi: The Supreme Court of Pakistan has rejected an appeal filed Khanum married renowned camby Shahrukh Jatoi challenging the eraman Riyaz Bokhari and left playdecision to try the Shahzeb Khan back singing for good. Her son Faisal murder case under anti-terrorism Bokhari is also a known cameraman. Coincidentally, Oct 19 was the death laws. The Supreme Court’s Karachi anniversary of her husband. She was born in 1935 in AmritRegistry upheld an earlier decision of the Sindh High Court. An anti- sar. Her family migrated to Lahore terrorism court had handed death after partition. She did not belong sentences to Shahrukh Jatoi and to any traditional musical ‘gharana’. Siraj Talpur. However, on September Singing was her own passion with 9, Shahzeb Khan’s parents decided to an additional factor of financial conpardon those convicted of their son’s straints she was facing. Khanum began her career as a murder in the ‘name of Allah.’ Shahzeb Khan was gunned playback singer in Lollywood in 1951 from the film Billo and was down on the night of

SC Rejects Shahrukh Jatoi’s Appeal

APPEAL, P29

Malala All Smiles as She Meets Queen Elizabeth

KHANUM, P25

www.PakistanLink.com

dian Foreign Minister Salman Khurshid on the status of Jammu & Kashmir, a foreign office spokesman said Monday the dispute was the core issue between the two South Asia neighbors. The spokesman said it was unfortunate that the Indian leadership continued to refer to the state of Jammu and Kashmir as an integral part of India, when the reality was clearly otherwise. As a member of the United Nations, India should not overlook or undermine the numerous UN Security Council resolutions on the issue, he added. In an interview to NDTV on Sunday, Khurshid had said it would be a waste of time to question Delhi’s claim over the troubled region. He also voiced concern over ceasefire violations at the Line of Control and hoped these do not result in any more casualties. “There is no way in which India will accept any intervention on an issue that is entirely accepted in the Simla Agreement as a bilateral issue between India

and Pakistan,” he added referring to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif ’s suggestion for US mediation in the Kashmir dispute. The Pakistani spokesman said while bilateral agreements might exist, the sanctity of the United Nations resolutions could not be understated. He said the Kashmir dispute remained a fundamental component of the bilateral dialogue process and resolution of the issue was vital for maintaining peace and security in the region. “India’s continued intransigence over this issue is counterproductive and is unhelpful in efforts to resolve this dispute,” said the spokesman. “Pakistan remains committed to a purposeful, constructive and result-oriented dialogue with India and believes that serious efforts need to be made in maintaining a positive atmosphere and avoid negative propaganda,” he said. The UN resolutions on Kashmir call for holding a plebiscite in the State to determine the wishes of the people about their future.


PAKISTAN

OCTOBER 25, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P13

Seven Die in Passenger Train Bombing in Balochistan

Quetta: A bomb struck a passenger train in southwestern Pakistan on Monday, killing at least seven people and wounding 10 in the latest attack to hit the violence-besieged nation. The device reportedly detonated as carriages of the Jaffar Express passed through the Nasirabad district of insurgency-plagued Baluchistan province. “The attackers planted [15 to 17 pounds] of explosive material on the railway tracks, which went off seconds before the train reached the Notal area,” said Noor Muhammad, the police chief of Dera Murad Jamali, the nearest town. The blast derailed the train, Railways Minister Khawaja Saad Rafique told reporters, twisting rails and damaging several cars as it traveled from Rawalpindi to Quetta, the main town of Baluchistan province. The incident temporarily halted railway traffic between Baluchistan and other parts of Pakistan. There was no immediate claim of responsibility, although police and analysts said they suspected Baluch rebels. Six of the wounded reportedly were in critical condition. “The death toll may rise,” Rafique said. State-run Radio Pakistan reported the bomb was detonated by remote control. Malik Baloch, Baluchistan’s chief minister, condemned the attack, which he termed a terrorist act. Soon after the morning bombing, authorities cordoned off the area and started an investigation, reportedly calling on a bomb-disposal squad from Dera Murad Ja-

Police officials inspect the train hit by a bomb blast near Nasirabad district in Baluchistan on Monday

mali to help determine the cause of the blast. The train was carrying hundreds of passengers from Punjab back to Baluchistan after the Eid holiday. Victims were transported to the Civil Hospital Quetta, some 180 miles away. “The Baloch Republican Army, a group fighting for the independence of Baluchistan, is very strong in the area and most probably they are behind the attack,” said Shahzada Zulfiqar, a Quettabased journalist and security analyst. “This area is the hub of Baluch nationalist movements, while religious fundamentalist terrorist groups such as the Taliban have no presence here.” In the past the Baloch Republican Army has launched attacks on national infrastructure targets

including power lines, gas pipelines and government security forces. The Jaffar Express has been attacked at least twice this year. On Aug. 16, suspected militants detonated a bomb on a Rawalpindi-bound passenger train in Bolan district before firing two rockets at the engine and opening fire, killing three people and wounding 30. This followed an attack on the same train in January in Mach, also in Bolan district, killing four people and injuring 13, Muhammad added. And on Aug. 6, gunmen disguised as police killed 11 civilians and two security personnel after kidnapping them from a Punjabbound passenger bus in Mach. The banned Baloch Liberation Army claimed responsibility in that attack.

Despite Passage of a Year, Court Martial of NLC Accused Has Not Begun Islamabad The military authorities

have apparently dumped the Rs2 billion National Logistic Cell (NLC) scam case against three retired generals as court martial proceedings against them have not commenced a year after they had been recalled into service and taken into custody. Ironically, the trial of the two civilians in the said case has also been stalled as the entire record of the NLC scam is with the military authorities; it has not been shared with the National Accountability Bureau (NAB). The NLC scam surfaced during the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) proceedings in 2009 when the committee was examining the audit objections raised by the Auditor General of Pakistan (AGP) during the 2004-2008 audit of the NLC. According to the audit, the administration of the NLC heavily invested in stock exchange in complete violation of government rules. They not only borrowed money from commercial banks on high interest rates, but also used pensioners’ money to invest in the stock exchange. In the process, the audit discovered that they invested over Rs4 billion in the stock exchange and caused a loss of nearly Rs1.8 billion. When the PAC was apprised of this situation in 2009, it sought an inquiry into the issue. The ini-

tial inquiry was carried out by a senior military officer in January 2010; a formal inquiry was ordered during November 2010 and its report was submitted to the Chief of Army Staff General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani in February 2011. The formal inquiry report concluded that five ex-employees of the NLC — three retired generals and two civilians — were responsible for the decision and the losses incurred during 2004-2008. These five men were: two retired Lt-Generals, Khalid Munir Khan and Mohammad Afzal Muzzafar, who served as officers in-charge in the NLC from January 2005 to June 2005 and from June 2005 to October 2008, respectively; Director-General of NLC Maj-Gen (retired) Khalid Zaheer Akhtar (July 2002 to January 2008), Director Finance and Accounts Najibur Rehman (October 2002 to April 2007) and Chief Finance Officer Saeedur Rehman (June 2004 to October 2008). COAS General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani ordered an inquiry into the matter. In September 2011, the military authorities ordered that evidence be recorded in September 2011 after which the retired generals were supposed to be indicted. (The recording of the evidence in the Pakistan Army Act is equivalent to the 173 report (Challan) of the Criminal Procedure

Code (CrPC) which the civilian prosecution agencies prepare before putting an accused in trial.) Kayani steps in: In September 2012, the Inter Services Public Relations (ISPR) announced that General Kayani had ordered that the two generals be recalled into service so they could be court martialled for the role they played in this scam. At that time, the military spokesman claimed that this was the first time that any general was recalled for the disposal of a case. Under Section 92 of the Pakistan Army Act (PAA) 1952, offences relating to misappropriation of government property/ criminal breach of trust, are not time-bound. Those who are accused of such crimes can be recalled even after retirement for a court martial. The same act, however, also sets a deadline of 32 days for trying the accused in a military court. A soldier turned lawyer Colonel (retired) Sardar Abdul Aziz Chandio said that after recalling the retired generals they (the generals) should have been tried within the prescribed duration. “It is called ‘taken on strength’ (TOS) when an army person is recalled for the investigation or trial in any matter and kept detained at a designated place,” he said. He added that the first NLC, P29

www.PakistanLink.com

“Strong Evidence” Pakistan Military Approved US Drone Strikes

In April this year, former President Gen (Retd) Pervez Musharraf admitted in an interview to CNN that his government had given approval “only on very few occasions”

Islamabad: A recently released

UN report suggests there is “strong evidence” that top Pakistani military and intelligence officials approved US drone strikes on Pakistani soil during 2004 and 2008. The study claims that in some cases even “senior government figures” gave their approval to the strikes in the country’s militancyhit tribal areas. “There is strong evidence to suggest that between June 2004 and June 2008 remotely piloted aircraft strikes in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas were conducted with the active consent and approval of senior members of the Pakistani military and intelligence service, and with at least the acquiescence and, in some instances, the active approval of senior government figures,” says the report by Ben Emmerson, UN Special Rapporteur on human rights and counterterrorism. The report, however, does not elaborate on the details of the evidence collected. Islamabad officially condemns US drone attacks as a violation of its sovereignty and counter-productive in the fight against terrorism and militancy. In April this year, former military dictator Gen (Retd) Pervez Musharraf admitted in an interview to CNN that his government had given approval “only on very few occasions”. Musharraf, who ruled Pakistan until 2008 after coming to power in a bloodless coup as army chief of staff in 1999, said drone strikes were discussed and approved “at the military and intelligence levels” but only “two or three times”. Together with a study by the UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial executions, Christof Heyns, Emmerson’s interim report will be debated at the UN General Assembly on October 25, 2013. “In an apparent reference to Pakistan, Heyns’ report suggests consent from military or intelligence officials may not be enough to satisfy legal requirements for the US to conduct drone strikes on foreign territory, according to international, humanitarian and human rights law.” “Only the State’s highest government authorities have

the power to give consent to use force. It is not sufficient to obtain consent from regional authorities or from particular agencies or departments of the Government,” says the report, which lays down legal conditions for the use of drones in armed conflicts around the world. The report adds that though consent may not necessarily be made public, it must be “clear between the States concerned that consent is being given to a use of force, and the parameters of that consent should also be made clear.” “Once consent to the use of force is withdrawn, the State conducting the targeting operations is bound by international law to refrain from conducting any further operations from that moment,” it says, adding that states “cannot consent to violations of international human rights law or international humanitarian law on their territory.” Emerson, during his international investigation into drone strikes and targeted killings, visited Pakistan in March this year and was provided with statistics by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs recording at least 330 drone strikes in Fata since 2004. According to the numbers provided by the Pakistani government, US drone strikes have resulted in at least 2,200 deaths in Pakistan, out of which the government confirms at least 400 were civilians, with an additional 200 individuals regarded as “probable non-combatants.” “Officials indicated that, owing to underreporting and obstacles to effective investigation, those figures [of civilian casualties] were likely to be an underestimate,” says the report. Emmerson urged the United States to “release its own data on the level of civilian casualties” caused by drone strikes to increase the level of transparency on the controversial campaign. The release of both reports coincides with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif ’s visit to Washington to meet US President Barack Obama. A spokesman for the Sharif government says the Pakistani premier will raise the prickly issue of the Obama administration’s drone campaign in Pakistan’s tribal areas.


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OCTOBER 25, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P15

Women Police Fight Criminals, Militants and Scorn

n By Katharine Houreld Abbottabad: When Shazadi Gil-

lani, the highest ranking female police officer in Pakistan’s most conservative province, wanted to join the force she had to defy her father, forego marriage and pay for her own basic training. During the next 19 years, Inspector Gillani and her faithful sidekick Rizwana Zafar - brought up as a boy after becoming her frustrated father’s ninth daughter - have battled bandits, earthquakes and militants. The Taliban are so pervasive in Gillani’s northern Khyber Pakhunkhwa province that she wears a burqa, a head-to-toe robe with a small mesh window for the eyes, when she travels. Zafar dons a fake moustache to escort her. But the women’s biggest challenge is helping new female police recruits. Women make up just 560 of the province’s 60,000-strong force. Police chiefs hope to double that within a year, but tough working conditions make recruitment hard. There have been small victories. Germany funded female dormitories at three training colleges. Women recruits no longer wait years for basic training. This summer, the province opened women’s complaint desks in 60 male-run police stations. Many Pakistani women face horrifying violence and officials hope more abused women will report attacks. Tradition forbids them from speaking to male officers. The province opened two women-only police stations in 1994. But they have long been starved of resources and responsibility. “We are fighting a war in the workplace,” said Zafar, whose uniform sports a karate patch. “We are supporting our juniors. There was no one to support us.” FROM SCHOOLGIRLS TO COPS: As a schoolgirl, Gillani wanted to join the army like her father. They were not recruiting, so she proposed the police instead. Her father and seven brothers were horrified. “They said police disrespected women,” she said, auburn hair peeping out from her cap. “I had a lot of

Inspector Gillani and her faithful sidekick Rizwana Zafar - brought up as a boy after becoming her frustrated father’s ninth daughter - have battled bandits, earthquakes and militants

opposition.” After a week of refusing to eat and lobbying by her college lecturer mother - Gillani’s father gave in. He had three conditions: Be brave. Marry your job. Bring a friend. So Gillani recruited her school friend Zafar. Zafar cut her hair short and dressed like a boy. She taught herself to ride motorbikes, use computers and fix engines. She is Gillani’s bodyguard, assistant and friend. “I don’t cook. I don’t have a dress. I’m not scared of anyone except God,” Zafar said. “We protect each other, we guard each other. When one is sleeping, the other is awake.” When a colleague tried to force his way into their tent after an earthquake leveled their town, Zafar and Gillani fought him off together. Women police were not respected when Gillani joined, but the military was. Her army major father shoehorned them into courses and footed the bill. Gillani’s training cost $2,000. The money was returned eight years later. Not everyone had a powerful father. Rozia Altaf joined 16 years ago and waited six years and submitted more than 50 applications to get her basic training. Now head of the women-only station in the provincial capital of Peshawar, she says things have changed - a little. “We were neglected,” she said, waving a dismissive hand. “But now I make sure my junior officers get training and promotions on time.” The Peshawar women-only sta-

tion gets about 50 complaints a year, far less than a male-run station. The last crime reported at the Abbottabad women-only station was in 2005. Station head Samina Zafar sits at a bare desk in an empty room lit by a single naked bulb. “We are not given good facilities,” she said. “I want this place to be like a man’s police station.” ATTACKERS RARELY PROSECUTED: Women do prefer to confide in female officers, says professor Mangai Natarajan, who studied women police stations. She says domestic violence accounted for two-thirds of cases reported to women’s stations in India’s Tamil Nadu state. Police mediation reduced violence for half the complainants. No Pakistani data exists. The women’s desks in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa receive a complaint every few days, mostly domestic violence. The attacker is usually simply rebuked. Victims fear a formal case will bring further violence. But some policemen still say no woman willing to join the police is worth having.

WOMEN, P29

www.PakistanLink.com

722 Suspects Rejoin Terrorist Groups after Acquittal Islamabad: From 2007 till now the courts have released 1,964 alleged terrorists, says an official government document. More serious still is the fact that of those released, 722 have rejoined terrorist groups while 1,197 are still actively involved in anti-state activities, according to an official document available with Dawn. In other words, the document reveals that nearly 60 per cent of those acquitted of terrorist activities are still involved in anti-state activities. Though the wording of the document is vague it appears to suggest that those being monitored are still involved in militant activities. The provincial breakdown presents more interesting details. The highest number of those released is from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Fata (1,308) followed by Islamabad, Gilgit-Baltistan and Azad Kashmir with 517, Punjab (83), Sindh (47) and Balochistan (9). This information shows that the state is keeping track of those who have been suspected of terrorist activities and released by the courts. Defence analyst Air-Vice Marshall (retired) Shahzad Chaudhry said intelligence agencies do keep check on the suspects who manage release in high-profile cases of terrorism. They monitor their activities to make sure that after acquittal the suspects would not be involved in terrorist activities again.

Sometimes when a released suspect gets involved in an anti-state activity, the agencies try to apprehend and detain him in an internment center, he informed. Since there is no legal cover for the detention after acquittal, certain quarters sometimes termed the detained suspect as a missing person. Interestingly, all nine of those acquitted by the courts in Balochistan have re-joined terrorist groups though in absolute numbers the other provinces outstrip Balochistan – in KP-Fata 555 (of the 1,308 acquitted) while in IslamabadGB-AJK 97 (of 517) have rejoined terrorist groups. In Sindh 22 out of the 47 released have re-joined terrorist groups while in Punjab the number is 39 out of 83 acquitted. This also means that in terms of percentage, Balochistan is followed by Sindh where nearly 45 per cent of those released have rejoined terrorist groups (the figure for Balochistan is 100 per cent). These figures show that in all the four provinces and Islamabad the majority of those acquitted have either “re-joined terrorist groups” or their activities “are being confirmed”. The highest number of those arrested (after having been acquitted by the courts) is a miserly 13 for Islamabad-GB-AJK followed by 10 by Punjab, nine by KPK-Fata and one by Sindh.


93 9 3 1 99 192091333 P16 – PAKISTAN LINK – OCTOBER 25, 2013

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Community Link Friday, October 25, 2013

VOL. 23/43 PAGE 18

PAGE 18 egum PAGE

Fundraiser for Koohi Goth Hospital Karachi

Pakistani-American Tech Founder Wins Big in IPO

20 Dhul-hijjah1434 H

PAGE 17 PAGE

Women Face Higher Hurdles to Success

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Prof. Tahir Andrabi Awarded $745,000 Grant by World Bank to Expand Study on Education in Pakistan

T

n By Cynthia Peters

ahir Andrabi, a professor of economics at Pomona College, and his research partners have spent more than a decade working to understand education at the village level in Pakistan. The result is the Learning and Education Assessment in Punjab (LEAPS) Project, the most comprehensive and systematic dataset on education in the country.

Last month, the team was awarded a three-year, $745,000 grant from the World Bank Strategic Evaluation Fund (SEIF) to examine the financing constraints of private schools in Pakistan and evaluate planned interventions for these fiscally vulnerable schools, including small grants and specially designed microfinancing programs. Also in September, the team’s latest research paper “Report Card Grades: The Impact of Providing School and Child Test Scores on Educational Markets,” in Pakistan, was selected one of four winners in the World Bank’s first Research Academy Competition, which was designed to encourage researchers to take the extra steps necessary to share their results and insights through research papers that could be more publicly broadly shared. The study by Andrabi’s team “provided report cards with school and child test scores, prices and enrollments in 112 villages with multiple public and private providers,” and then they made the results public. “What we found,” says Andrabi, “is that the information increased competition in the marketplace dramatically. In the treatment villages, test scores went up significantly. There were small increases in enrollment and private school fees decreased by 20 percent. Most of the gains in test scores came from schools that were below the median. The worst performing schools were where most of the improvements came from. Schools that came out ahead put up banners advertising their results. This really galvanized the marketplace.” While report cards are standard in the US, this is not true in Pakistan or much of the developing world. Distributing the information collected during their study was complicated by the fact that more than half of the households are illiterate. “We provided very detailed information to the parents and the schools,” says Andrabi. “We had tests scores for each kid related to their class, each school to others in the village and each village in the district. We had to share that information in large group meetings. You can’t mail the report cards because the parents can’t read. We also had smaller focus meetings with parents and schools.” Both the grant and research paper grow out of research Andrabi and his research partners Jishnu Das, senior economist of the World Bank’s Development Research Group, and Asim Ijaz Khwaja, a professor of public policy at Harvard University’s Kennedy School, began in 2003. “It used to be that there was one government school and the question was who got access,” says Andrabi. “But now, here and in many other developing countries, there has been an explosion of low-cost private schools, mom and pop schools, which are much more prevalent than religious schools. The teachers are local young women, and schools are the largest employers of women in the formal sector. It’s a grassroots phenomenon.”Between 2001 and 2005, there was a 10 percent increase in school enrollment. “What’s interesting is that there is now a marketplace for education especially for the poor. We were amazed by this.” Pakistan has an estimated population of more than 180 million people with a literacy rate of 50 percent and a primary

school enrollment rate of 66 percent. More than half of the population is under age 17. The LEAPS Project In 2003, the research team conducted a survey of 120 villages in Punjab and counted more than 800 schools, 30-40% of which were private. They also interviewed more than 4,000 teachers. In 2004, they began in-depth data collection, surveying 2,000 households with children over age seven on a range of factors including number of children, their ages, the family’s economic level, health and nutrition levels, the mother’s time investment with the children and the learning environment in the

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home. They also tested approximately 12,000 third-grade children and interviewed their corresponding teachers (about 400). They tested the same children and surveyed the same teachers and households in 2005, 2006 and 2007, adding a second group of third-graders and their teachers in 2006. In 2011, the team returned and tested all 25,000 children, interviewed the same 800 teachers and surveyed the same 2,000 households. By this time, the first group of children were 17 years old, which meant the team could begin to collect data on outcomes, such as marriages, economic status, dropout rates and causes. “Really we have some of the best and most developed datasets on education in the developing world because we linked education to household characteristics, teacher characteristics, school details – size, budget, number of teachers, class size, resources – and village inequality,” explains Andrabi. “Already the public data has been downloaded more than 600 times. “LEAPS started as a project and has morphed into a broader agenda that includes a host of people working with the data, some on their own,” says Andrabi. “We now know a lot about the kids and the schools and the market. The next step is to figure out a mechanism that will start to improve school quality, what’s cheap and what can be scaled up. Where do these schools need help?” The SEIF grant and support from the Aman Foundation, in Karachi, and Tameer Bank will take us to the next phase. Already there are about 30 microloans in the pilot project. A whole generation of Pomona students has worked on this project, says Andrabi. Three of the team’s research assistants, Ben Daniels ’11, Nick Eubank ’07 and Tristan Zajonc ‘02 have worked at the World Bank. Zajonc has co-authored a related paper, while both Daniels and Michael Stewart ’13 are co-authors on forthcoming papers. Eubanks is using the dataset for his PhD at Stanford. The LEAPS Project and related work has been supported by the World Bank, the National Science Foundation, the John Templeton Foundation, the Aman Foundation (Karachi), Tameer Bank, Dr Imran Shah, Pomona College and Harvard University, among others. Tahir Andrabi Andrabi joined the Pomona College faculty in 1988 and teaches courses in economic principles, economic development, international economics and game theory. He has published extensively in major economics and education journals. In 2007, his work on religious education in Pakistan received the George Bereday Award for the best paper published in Comparative Education Review in 2006 from the Comparative and International Education Society. He was also the principal investigator on a National Academy of Sciences/Higher Education Commission Pakistan grant on evaluating the recovery from the 2005 northern Pakistan earthquake. He co-founded the RISE-PAK website to help coordinate relief in the aftermath of the October 2005 Pakistan earthquake. The website was awarded the Stockholm Challenge Award (2006) for the best information and communication technology project in the public administration category. Andrabi is currently the director of social programs for the Center for Economic Research and Policy in Pakistan (CERP) and a member of the executive committee of the Association for Analytic Learning about Islam and Muslim Societies. He is a graduate of Swarthmore College and holds a PhD in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.


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P20 – PAKISTAN LINK – OCTOBER 25, 2013

By Abdus Sattar Ghazali

T

Pictures by Azmi Gill

he stage play titled “MeiN JeouN Gee Sar Uthake” is perhaps a true story of Gul Bano, a Pakistani girl from a remote mountain village in the Khuzdar District of Balochistan province, who suffered from obstetric fistula for several years before coming to the Koohi Goth Women Hospital where she was treated. The play enacts child birth by untrained midwives which happens to be the main cause of obstetric fistula.

The educative play drew wide applause at the fundraiser for the Koohi Goth Women Hospital Karachi held at the Chandni Restaurant on Sunday, September 15, 2013. It was a colorful event with a thrilling performance by renowned Pakistani classical dancer Sheema Kermani. She has joined the hospital founder, Dr Shershah Syed, in promoting the humanitarian cause of treating thousands of poor women. Alarmingly, fistula is 99.9% a disease of extremely poor women, no one from the affluent families suffers from it. Sheema Kermani, Dr Shershah Syed and their team were on a fund-raising trip to the United States. Their itinerary‎ included more than a dozen US cities - Washington DC, Atlanta and Orlando, New York City, Detroit, Chicago, St. Louis, Dallas, Houston, Austin, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, and Fremont. Koohi Goth Hospital, in Landhi, Karachi, was established by Dr Shershah Syed – a renowned gynecologist – at his family’s land. Now, the hospital is one of the few large and well-equipped facilities in Pakistan which specialize in treating obstetric fistula and detaching women from the stigma which the condition carries with it. To borrow Agnes Becher of IDEAS Communication Officer, after studying infertility medicine in Ireland and the UK, Dr Shershah was drawn back to Pakistan by a strong sense of social responsibility for the country that had

Fundraiser for Koohi Goth Hospital Karachi

subsidized his medical education. The hospital’s initiatives have been recognized internationally by the United Nations Children’s Fund, United Nations Population Fund, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, and Global Clinton Initiative. In Pakistan alone, fistula cases average 6,000 a year and a woman dies in childbirth every 18 minutes. The UNFPA puts Pakistan’s maternal mortality ratio at 553 per 100,000 live births. The hospital treats more than a 1,000 patients out of the about 6,000 cases which are reported in the country. According to Dr Syed

this condition remains one of the most under-reported and hushedup health problems of women. Patients come to the hospital from areas where even basic health facilities are hard to find, such as, Badin, Quetta, Peshawar and Thari Mirwah. Besides treatment, Koohi Hospital has a rehabilitation center for patients who are admitted in the hospital for months. Apart from treating women at the Koohi Goth facility free of cost, a midwifery school is imparting training to midwives. Surgeons are also trained to perform the surgeries and teams then set

Pakistani-American Tech Founder Wins Big in IPO

n By Riaz Haq

N

ASDAQ IPO of Silicon Valley’s cyber security firm Fire-eye has made its Pakistani-American founder Ashar Aziz worth $430 million at the market close on Friday, according an estimate by Forbes magazine.

The high-tech company priced its initial public offering of 15.2 million shares at $20 per share late Thursday, raising about $304 million after increasing its expected price range to $15 to $17 per share. Shares of FEYE were trading up by more than 100%

during the day before closing up $16 or 80% to $36.00 on the Nasdaq Friday. FEYE closed up another 4% to $37.45 on Monday. Aziz owns about 10.91 million shares in the Milipitas, Calif.-based security company; that 9.3% stake after the offering alone is now worth more than $392 million. FireEye, founded in 2004, has a virtualization engine that protects its customers’ infrastructure from attacks that may come through the web and email. Its dynamic virtual cloud analyzes incoming data, providing real-time intelligence to its users. FireEye is riding high on a wave of growing cyber security concerns amidst increasing cyber attacks being reported almost daily from around the globe. FireEye’s founder Ashar Aziz is among the top recognized experts in the field of Internet and computer security. With the recent $50 million round from top investors, the company has raised $100 million to date. The new funding comes from new and existing investors — including Sequoia Capital, Norwest Venture Partners, Goldman Sachs, Juniper Networks, Silicon Valley Bank, and others. Several other security companies including Illumio, CipherCloud, Mocana have recently significant sums of money from venture capital firms.

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up small units all over Pakistan. The patients are taught life skills and vocations during the long rehabilitation process. The hospital relies on donations to meet its running expenses. The main aim of the hospital is to become a teaching facility. “We don’t want to become a medical college which has of late become a lucrative business,” Dr Syed told the Express newspaper. “We want to teach in areas where training is lacking, such as nursing, paramedics, technicians and midwives.” Dr Noshin, a resident of Bay Area, was one of the local promot-

ers of the fundraiser for the Koohe Goth Women Hospital. She was happy to see a manifestly positive

response from the community. Sheema Kermani, the founder of Tehrik-e-Niswan, has joined hands with Dr Shershah Syed to promote health services for poor women in Pakistan. Her thrilling performances have given a big boost to the efforts of Dr Syed who has an ambitious plan to have a 500-bed hospital in the next development phase. Tehrik- e- Niswan (The Women’s Movement) was formed in 1979. Tehrik’s initial focus was on organizing seminars and workshops and taking up issues like “Violence on Women”, and “Chaddar and Chardiwari.” The Tehrik later moved away from seminars towards cultural and creative activity like Theatre and Dance to convey its message. Sheema Kermani’s classical dances and the passionate play “MeiN JeouN Gee Sar Uthake” motivated the audience to embrace the humanitarian cause of helping deprived sisters and brothers in their native homeland.

CAIR-CA Testifies at State Assembly Civil Rights Hearing

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representative of the California chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR-CA) testified at a state assembly hearing entitled “Diversity in California: A Conversation About Us.” The hearing was held last Thursday by the Assembly Select Committee on Human Rights, Diversity and Race Relations.

Panels drawn from civil rights groups, university researchers and local government provided testimony in order to help lawmakers identify policy remedies for preserving security without compromising civil liberties at the local and national level. CAIR-LA Executive Director Hussam Ayloush testified alongside representatives from several prominent groups, including Brian Nelson, special assistant attorney general to the California Department of Justice; Robin S.Toma, executive director of the Los Angeles County

Human Relations Commission; Simran Kaur of the Sikh Coalition, and others. Ayloush testified on the increasing normalization of civil rights abuses targeting Americans - and in particular - American Muslims. Ayloush highlighted findings from CAIR’s recent report, “Legislating Fear: Islamophobia and its Impact in the United States,” which comprehensively examines groups promoting anti-Muslim sentiment in our society and the negative impact those groups have locally and nationally. This includes a rise in mosque opposition cases, the passage of anti-Islam bills in six states, a rise in employment discrimination against Muslims and the creation of America’s secret no-fly list, which disproportionately affects American citizens from Muslim-majority countries. “It is essential for our state lawmakers to understand that HEARING, P29


COMMUNITY

P21 – PAKISTAN LINK – OCTOBER 25, 2013

Can a Pakistani-American Win a Los Angeles County Wide Election? n By Omar Haroon “Let us not seek the Republican answer or the Democratic answer, but the right answer. Let us not seek to fix the blame for the past. Let us accept our own responsibility for the future.” – John F. Kennedy Hello, my name is Omar Haroon, and I am running for Los Angeles County Assessor. I am a proud native of Los Angeles-born at the Queen of Angels Hospital to immigrant parents that were born in Pakistan and India. I graduated from Santa Monica High School. After high school I attended UCLA where I earned my Bachelor’s of Science in Mechanical Engineering. My wife Mariah and I were married in 2001. Currently we live in Los Angeles where we are raising our five-yearold daughter and two-year-old twins. I have an extensive background in real estate and financial management, including the launching of multiple hedge funds and working as a Construction Manager with IDS Real Estate Group. Currently I am a Deputy Assessor with the Los Angeles County Assessor’s Office. The Assessor’s Office is responsible for the valuing of all the real and taxable personal property in Los Angeles County, so that property taxes can be applied. With your support, I hope to serve the public as the Assessor. It is one of only three positions that is county wide, along with the Sherriff and District Attorney, making me directly responsible to the nearly 10 million citizens of Los Angeles Coun-

ty. As Assessor I would be responsible for overseeing the valuations of property which at the recent close of the last fiscal year totaled over $1.12 trillion. A lot of people have asked me why I would want to take on a county wide campaign when I am already so busy working and raising young children. There are a few reasons. First, I have always had a desire to serve the public in the greatest capacity that I am capable of. With my managerial and technical experience, this is a wonderful opportunity for me to apply my abilities in highly meaningful way. In addition, with the Assessor being such a high profile position it should lead to even greater opportunities to serve in the future. Second, I feel that it is important for our community that we start engaging more directly with the political process and power structure. It is important that we have vocal leaders that are visible to just not our community, but to the larger world as well. The third reason that I choose to take on this endeavor is that I can and, with your support, will WIN. There has been a lot of turmoil recently at the Assessor’s Office and with there being no incumbent (the last Assessor is currently facing a multitude of felony charges related to corruption) this is the perfect opportunity for me to win this office. As your Assessor I plan on ensuring fairness, efficiency and transparency. Faith needs to be restored in the Assessor’s Office and I am the man to do it. My first act as Assessor to ensure fairness, efficiency and

transparency will be to use my expertise to oversee the implementation of new computer system. The Assessor’s Office current computer system that is used to track Los Angeles County’s 2.64 million properties was developed in the late ‘70s. It is extremely costly to maintain, incredibly cumbersome to interface with, and lacks certain basic controls that ensure accountability for any changes that are made to Assessor records. By applying my supervisory and technical expertise I will see the Assessor’s system updated so that the office has the ability to better respond to taxpayer con-

NYC Schools Could Close to Observe Muslim Holidays n By Wilson Dizard

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fter a new mayor takes office in New York City next year, schoolchildren could very well have an additional two days off in observance of Muslim holidays. Both mayoral candidates, Democrat Bill de Blasio and Republican Joe Lhota, say they support the idea. If such a measure were to come to pass, the New York City school district would be the largest in the United States to grant the days off.

De Blasio said during a campaign rally with local Muslims on Wednesday that observing Eid al-Fitr, which marks the end of Ramadan, and Eid al-Adha, a celebration during hajj, would help to recognize the city’s large Muslim population and wouldn’t take away from the education kids get. “A child who has an exam on a day that right now is one of the Eid holidays, they’re either respecting their religious obligation or they’re doing what their education requires of them,” de Blasio said, according to the New York Daily News. “They can’t do both under our current system.” About 13 percent of the city’s schoolchildren are Muslims, de Blasio added. His Republican rival, former city transit chief Joe Lhota, also said that adding the holidays would be a good idea. Students would come to school on two other days to make up for the holidays, he said. “We have a growing Muslim community in the city of New York and their religion needs to be respected as all other religions are respected,” Lhota said Wednesday, according to the Daily News. Outgoing mayor Michael Bloomberg opposes the idea. He has said that observing the holidays would take away from students’ education and open the door to similar requests from other religious and ethnic groups. In 2009, the city council approved a measure that would have added the two holidays to the school calendar, but Bloomberg opposed it. A 2010 New York state measure, which could have forced the city to add the holidays, was stalled in the legislature. The city’s school district already observes Christian holidays like Good Friday and Christmas, as well as Rosh Hashana, the Jewish new year, and Yom Kippur, the holiest

day of the year for Jewish people. Other school districts across the US already observe Muslim holidays. Dearborn and Dearborn Heights, both in Michigan, allow three days off in observance of the holidays because of the towns’ large Muslim populations. Like Rosh Hashana, the holidays happen according to a lunar calendar, so their dates change year to year. School districts in Massachusetts and Vermont also close for at least one Muslim holiday each year. Abed Ayoub, the legal and policy director of the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee told Al Jazeera that not adding the two Muslim holidays to school calendars means kids often end up skipping school to observe. “When you have so many students absent it causes a problem,” Ayoub said. School attendance was noticeably down in New York City on Eid Al-Adha on Tuesday, the Daily News reported. The Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) has also pushed the school district in Montgomery County, Md., a suburb of Washington, to add days for Muslim holidays to its calendar. “Parents should not be forced to choose between religious observance or the education of their children simply because they’re of a different faith,” CAIR-MD Vice President Zainab Chaudry said, according to a statement provided to Al Jazeera by the organization. “We want to emphasize that Montgomery County American Muslims don’t seek special treatment, but rather equal treatment. This is a civil rights issue.” - Courtesy ALJAZEERA AMERICA

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cerns, process everything in a more timely way, and ensure accountability in everything that is done. This will be an important first step in restoring the public’s trust in the office. For me to accomplish all of this though, I will need your help. The election is not until June 2014 but laying the groundwork now is an essential step for victory. There are many ways to help including hosting a fundraiser, donating directly, volunteering, and, of course, voting if you live anywhere in Los Angeles county. Please visit www.OmarHaroon.com and contribute in any capacity that

Lomita City Council Approves Islamic Center of South Bay Building Permit Anaheim, CA:

The Greater Los Angeles Area chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR-LA) and the law firm of Hadsell Stormer Richardson & Renick, LLP (HSRR) have welcomed the Lomita City Council’s unanimous approval of the Islamic Center of South Bay’s application to renovate and consolidate its aged and dilapidated facilities. “Lots of individuals worked hard on realizing this right for the Muslim Community in the South Bay,” said Dr Iraj Ershagi, a founding member of the Islamic Center. “We are especially grateful to Hadsell Stormer and CAIR attorneys for the help they provided us throughout the burdening process. We are fortunate to have worked with such sincere and effective individuals who stood strong with the ICSB and walked with us, every step of the way, through the approval process.” Anne Richardson, partner at Hadsell Stormer, stated: “It’s been five years since the Islamic Center first submitted its building application to renovate its facilities and the South Bay community can finally celebrate its long overdue success.” Ameena Qazi, CAIR-LA’s lead staff attorney and deputy executive director, added: “We are happy that the South Bay Muslim community can finally realize its constitutionally-guaranteed right to freedom of religion by building an accommodating space for its members to gather and worship.”

you are capable of, it will make a difference and be greatly appreciated. It is also important that I spread the word of my candidacy. Please share this article with people you know. If you know of any large gatherings that I would be able to speak at, please go to my website and inform me of it. At www.OmarHaroon.com you can also register to receive updates about the campaign. I would also like to take a moment to encourage the youth to consider public service. It is important that as a community we empower ourselves by participating directly in the political system. One suggestion that I have for you if you one day wish to hold public office is to increase your understanding of all the different cultures that meld here in Los Angeles. Participate in inter-faith events, reach out to people of different origins, and learn everything you can. It is important that as a leader you have the ability to bring people together from all walks of life. A few people I have spoken to question whether a Pakistani-American can win a Los Angeles county wide election. The answer is YES! We are a tightly bound community and having all of you as a base to build upon is actually a huge advantage that I am thankful to have. I know that with your support I will be Los Angeles County’s next Assessor. Thank you for taking the time to read about me, please visit www.OmarHaroon.com when you have a moment and vote June 2014.

A Message from Dr Maher Hathout

An MPAC message states: As-salamu alaikum and Greetings of Peace, As some of you may have heard, our beloved leader, Dr Maher Hathout, has recently taken ill. He has been diagnosed with a form of liver cancer and is undergoing consultations with appropriate specialists to determine a further course of action. Dr Maher and his family would like to express their overwhelming appreciation for your love and concern. Due to his condition at this time, he will not be receiving any visitors or taking any phone calls. Also, we ask that you refrain from sending any cards, flowers or gifts. If you would like to send a message, please email hathoutfamily@ mpac.org or you may share your thoughts & prayers in the comment section below. He has recorded a message that he wanted to share with all of you. We continue to be blessed with his wisdom and spiritual leadership. http://www.mpac.org/hathoutfamily-message.php#.UmdVqPkqaIZ


COMMUNITY

OCTOBER 25, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P22

Washington Aligarh Alumni Organizes 39th Annual International Mushaira and Sir Syed Day Lecture

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n By Dr Zafar Iqbal

rdu might be considered ‘a new kid on the block’ in comparison to other languages, but it has captured the hearts and minds of Urdu-speaking masses throughout the world, including here in the United States. Urdu poetry has a vast canvas; its poets have expressed their thoughts on almost all topics and walks of life, especially the current events. For artistic expression, there is no better place than a mushaira, where poets like to share their poetic creations with the audience.

The Washington Aligarh Alumni Association is credited with the institution of the mushaira tradition in North America. Although it is organized by the Association, it has become a hallmark event, as the entire Washington metropolitan area community has adopted the event as its own. People eagerly await this annual event. “Traditions establish by continuity and flourish in unity”, said Dr Abdullah, who conducted the session, in his opening remarks. The Association provided the continuity and the Washington community provided the unity, he added. He remarked that for the continued success of this program, the credit goes to AAA volunteers who adopted this objective as a mission, to the poets for their cooperation, and to the audience for their patronage in spite of the association’s shortcomings. The 39th Annual Mushaira was held on Saturday, 28thSeptember 2013 at the impressive auditorium of Montgomery County High School in Silver

Spring, MD. More than 500 Urdu connoisseurs from Washington, its suburbs and neighboring states came to listen to their favorite poets from Pakistan, India, and North America. The formal proceedings started with an invocation followed by a welcome address by the president of the association, Dr Razi Raziuddin, who apprised the audience of the recent activities of the association, especially the success of the scholarship program for needy children at different academic levels in Aligarh and many other parts of India. This portion of the program ended with a rendition of the famous Aligarh Tarana, “Yeh Mera Chaman Hai”. A number of senior Algarians joined the team to sing the Tarana. The participating poets were very impressed with the quality of poetry they heard at the mushaira and the response it generated from the audience. They said that a mushaira is successful when poets, poetry, audience, and the nizamat interact in a synchronous manner. All these factors blended superbly, making the mushaira a great success. Officer bearers and members of all major literary and cultural associations, such the Hyderabad Association of Metro Washington Area, the Association of Indian Muslims, The University of Karachi Alumni Association, India Cultural Coordination Committee, and National Council of Associations of Indians in America. A number of experienced mushaira-goers expressed their sentiments about the mushaira. A majority of them were of the view that “this mushaira was bey-missal.” Follow-

ing are some of the comments expressed by them: Dr Navin Shah, a senior physician in the area, expressed “heartfelt thanks for providing an exceptionally memorable program.” Umesh Agnihotri, a wellknown literary and theater personality, described it as a “powerful event, thoroughly enjoyed it.” Fathul Azam - a 1950 engineering graduate of AMU - extended his stay to attend the program organized by his fellow Alumni and “enjoyed the quality of poetry”. “Wonderful job to keep Urdu alive,” said another alumnus Parveen Husain. Zaheer Parvez, a senior scientist and poet, said, “I admire the zeal of the AAA members for providing the much needed socio-cultural and literary events to nurture the intellectual curiosity of the community.” “We heard compositions that were so lofty in idealism, revolutionary, and also pertaining to practical day-to-day life in very chaste Urdu,” said noted singer Anshu Sharma. Habib Bajwa, president of Mid-Atlantic Association for Literature Appreciation (MAALA), said that members and friends of the association were very happy to be present at these events that were excellent. The credit of this successful Mushaira goes to the participating poets, who recited their soul-touching and emotionally-laden poetry with demands to repeat from the excited audience. The poets included such luminaries as Professor Pirzada Qasim, Professor Waseem Barelvi, Dr Nikhat Iftikhar, Zahid Fakhri, Farhat Shahzad, Dr Sabiha Saba, Fayyazuddin Saib, Rafiuddin Raaz, Dr A. Abdullah, and Dr Razi Raziuddin. Samples of poetry recited at the mushaira: Yeh mere log haiN, meri fiza hai, main nahiN hooN Agar yeh sab haiN to kis ne kaha hai main nahin hooN Pirzada Qasim Akele hoN to kaisi mahfiloN ki

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yaad aati hai Magatr Mahfil main jate hain to tanhaee sataati hai Koi rishta bana kar mutmaeen hon nahiN sakta Muhabbat aakhri dam tak taaluq azmati hai Thake haari parindeN jab baserey ke liye lauteiN Saleeqa mand shakoN ka lachak jaan zaroori hai Waseem Barelvi Mujhe manzil mile kaise ki manzil khud bhaTakti hai Wahi gardish meiN rahte haiN jinhen mahwar banati hooN Tumhara zikr karti hooN meiN hare k shair meiN apne Main ek paththar ki moorat kaanch ke under banati hooN Nikhat Iftikhar Mein qatl hokar bhi zinda hooN tum ko hairat hai TumheN khabar hi nahiN sach mara nahiN karta Ghar ki taqseem se hal koi nahiN nikle gaa Masley aur khaRe hote haiN deevar ke saath Fayyazuddin Jo taaq meiN hai farozaan use pata kiya hai Chiragh-e-raah se poochhe koi hawa kiya hai Zamin se door-iye-afalk naapne waley Tere wajood se khud tera faasla kiya hai Rafiuddin Raaz Wo mila to sadiyoN ke baad bhi mere lab pe koi gila na tha Use meri chup ne rula diya jise guftugo meiN kamaal tha JuN juN badan ke under chholeN hilti jaati haiN Sahuhar auur begum ki shakleiN milti aati haiN Zahid Fakhri Jisko piyara ho bharam apni anaa ka, sun le

Aaj gar ghar ese nikalna to use roo aana Muntazar koi nahiN, koi nahiN, koi nahiN Phirbhi Shazaad kisi roz watan ho aana Farhat Shazaad Aesi weeran to nahiN hai abaadie-ishq Naj abaad kiye haiN gham-e-janaN waley Sabiha Saba She also recited a poem in memory of Farman Fatehpuri, who passed away recently. Next day, Sunday, 29th September 2013, the association hosted Sir Syed Day Memorial Lecture by Dr Salman Akhtar, professor of psychiatry at a prestigious medical college in Philadelphia. His more than 300 publications include 60 authored or edited books in psychiatry and psychoanalysis. He has been the recipient of many awards and prizes and is an internationally-sought speaker. In addition to his medical profession, he is keenly interested in poetry. He has published several books comprising collection of his poetry in Urdu and English. He fluently talked about poetry and dreams comparing poet’s rendition of dream and psychoanalyst’s analysis of dreams. He weaved together a narrative that was quite fascinating. This is a totally new field of inquiry and he seems to be a pioneer in this. The spell-bound audience admired his capacity to give an hour-long lecture without any notes and all the poetical examples came from his memory. The association honored Salman Akhtar with a Sir Syed Ahmad Khan Award for his contributions to the study of psychiatry, human behavior and poetry. The program also included beautiful rendition of poetry of two great poets—Jan Nisar Akhtar and Majaz Lakhnavi—father and maternal uncle of Dr Salman Akhtar, respectively by Anshu Sharma and Nuzaira Azam.


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P23 – PAKISTAN LINK – OCTOBER 25, 2013

Ali Sajjad Taj Contesting for Artesia City Council

For Artesia City Council (California) hopeful Ali Sajjad Taj, spending time with voters on a one-to-one basis over the past several months has taught him a lot about “what’s really on in the minds of the people of our community.” Ali Sajjad Taj is a well known and highly respected member of the Pakistani American community and among other distinctions, is also the Acting President of Pakistan American Chamber of Commerce. As Artesia voters get ready to cast their ballots in the upcoming Tuesday, November 5th election, they will be seeing familiar likes Flowers, Lyon and Manalo once again listed on their ballot. Taj said his upstart campaign to win a seat on the Artesia City Council has resonated “remarkably well” with longtime Artesia voters who tell him “they haven’t been asked for their vote in years” by the current members of the city council. “I spend every single day walking and

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talking to voters here in Artesia, door to door, street after street. As a matter of fact, I have already knocked on every voter’s door here in Artesia at least once, and I am now circling back around to talk to every voter for a second time,” Taj said. If elected, Taj said he would use his extensive fiscal background with “not only large corporations such as American Express and Ameriprise Financial, but also with my small business experience here in Artesia.” “Voters are telling me over and over again that they want city council members who are seen in the neighborhood, and who can help them with fixing potholes, to keep our sidewalks paved, and to get more street lighting,” Taj said. If elected, Taj said he “wants Artesia to go back to the basics.” “Trust me, I will be everyone’s fiscal watchdog, and I will cut wasteful spending, bring in new revenue to the city and support current small business and encourage new small business to open.” Taj said. In his campaign materials, Taj touts his education credentials especially in the areas of finance and economics. He has a B.A. in Economics and Statics, completed his Masters in Public Administration with emphasis in Marketing, and has acquired Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. “Artesia has changed over the years, but it still maintains a strong community spirit. Residents love living here, they just want their city council members to be more interested in their needs like maintaining safe streets,” Taj said. “Pot holes need to be fixed on 183rd Street, and traffic signals need to be coordinated better on South Street. This isn’t rocket science, it’s a pot hole,” Taj said.


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OCTOBER 25, 2013 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; PAKISTAN LINK â&#x20AC;&#x201C; P24

Younis 'Shocked' at One-Day Exclusion

LAHORE: Younis Khan expressed surprise at his continued omission from Pakistan's limitedovers teams. Younis, though a mainstay in the Test side, could not find a place in the 16-man squad announced for the fivematch ODI series against South Africa and has been out of the running in limited-overs cricket since the Champions Trophy, when a run of seven innings without crossing fifty forced him out of the squad. "I'm surprised I am not in the one-day team. It's quite shocking for me," Younis said ahead of Pakistan's second Test against South Africa. "I am available for all formats of the game." Pakistan have moved towards younger players in the shorter forms with the likes of batsman Umar Amin and recently, Sohaib Maqsood, preferred over older hands such as Younis. Pakistan's batting struggled in the Champions Trophy but they recovered well in series against West Indies and Zimbabwe, both of which they won. Younis' concern, though, is that younger players may not have seized the opportunities presented to them. Pakistan's recent victories came on the back of the seniors' performance. Misbah-ul-Haq in particular has been a mainstay with the likes of Mohammad Hafeez also scoring important runs. Nasir Jamshed has made starts but his last half-century came six innings ago and even though both Amin and Shehzad managed to score a fifty each against Zimbabwe, their form as been patchy. Younis said if the younger players were producing to a high

Younis Khan last represented Pakistan in ODIs in March 2013.

standard, he would have more understanding for his own axing. "I am happy if somebody replaces me and performs," he said. "Whenever I share my ideas and experience with the younger guys, I always tell them that it's about performance. I think if the youngsters are here and they perform well, I will be the first one to be happy for them." Younis delivered his assessment on the selection of the oneday squad with a smile on his face and no malice in his voice and he seemed to be making his state-

ments out of curiosity over his exclusion and not criticism. He went on to clarify he is not targeting the 2015 World Cup but will be happy if he makes it that far. "As long as I am fit, I will carry on playing and I would like to play in all formats. Even after I captained Pakistan in the 2009 World T20, I didn't want to stop playing the twenty-over format," he said. "But once I am not fit anymore and I can see my body is taking strain, then I will be honest enough to say I am going to stop playing." J

OCTOBER 25, 2013 - PAKISTAN LINK

Bopanna to Reunite with Aisam-Ul-Haq Qureshi

KARACHI: A successful partnership spanning five years, which ended in 2011, the derailed Indo-Pak Express is ready to join forces again, next season. Indian ace Rohan Bopanna and Aisam-Ul-Haq Qureshi from Pakistan are all set to renew their partnership, after a two-year hiatus. After a successful 2011, the pair parted ways following Bopanna's decision to team up with Mahesh Bhupathi in the build up to the 2012 London Olympic Games. But having partnered various other pros on the circuit, the dashing duo decided to come together again after the US Open this year. Speaking about renewing the partnership, Bopanna said, "We are yet to talk about our schedule for next year, though I am sure by the end of this week we will have a better idea of our calendar. It's always a delight to partner with an old friend and specially someone with whom I have a great understanding with, on and off the court." Although their first stint together, in which they reached the final of the 2010 US Open and won the ATP World Tour Master's 1000 title in 2011 was fruitful, Bopanna believes they have their task cut out. "Even though we have played

together a lot, it's tough to start the year all over again and building momentum with your partner. Grand Slams are definitely the target but the key is to perform consistently throughout the year and not just in patches," said the 33-year-old. Bopanna will find a sense of semblance on court in the ensuring season, after partnering eight different players on the Tour this year. "I changed about eight partners this year and that according to me is not the ideal place one wants to be in when you are within the top 5 in the world. "Having said that yes, playing with different partners does indeed open up your mind to various aspects of the game where you take a lot of positives and negatives which will definitely help in the future," added the 33-year-old Bopanna. The Bopanna-Qureshi partnership, apart from being successful on court, was also quite a success off the court, with the duo being awarded with the Arthur Ashe Humanitarian of the Year Award for their Stop War Start Tennis campaign in 2011. With two quarter-finals and one semi-final appearance at the Grand Slams this season, Bopanna will surely hope to carry forward from where the duo left in 2011. J

Amir Given a Lifeline as ICC Confirm They Will Review His Five-Year Ban for Spot-Fixing

Umar Akmal, Riaz Recalled for Africa ODIs SHARJAH: Pakistan batsman Umar Akmal and seamer Wahab Riaz have been recalled to the ODI squad for the five-match series against South Africa in the UAE. Sohaib Maqsood, the right-handed batsman who played two T20s in Zimbabwe recently, was also named in the 16-member squad. The selectors left out three players who featured in the Zimbabwe ODIs, including seamers Anwar Ali and Asad Ali and batsman Haris Sohail. Akmal was not considered for the limited-overs leg of the Zimbabwe tour after suffering a seizure on a flight to Jamaica during the Caribbean Premier League in August. The PCB had asked him to return to Pakistan immediately and consult a neurologist. He was subsequently cleared by the neurologist in early September and declared fit for national selection. He was not considered for the Test squad in Zimbabwe and for the ongoing two-match series against South Africa. Sohail was part of Pakistan's two recent tours to the West Indies and Zimbabwe. He played just one ODI in Zimbabwe, scoring 2. Riaz, the left-arm seamer, toured the West Indies but was left out of the limited-overs leg in Zimbabwe. Sohail Tanvir, a regular in the T20 squad, was also recalled, having last played an ODI in August 2012. With the right-armers Asad and Anwar dropped, the selectors have opted for an one-dimensional seam attack, picking four left-armers. Sarfraz Ahmed, who was named as Akmal's replacement in Zimbabwe, was retained in the squad, giving the team two wicketkeeping options. The ODI series begins on October 30 in Sharjah. J

Malaysia Stun Pakistan to Take Bronze PERTH Pakistan ended their campaign at the Hockey 9s International Super Series in last place after Malaysia, who had lost their entire preliminary games beat them 2-1 in the bronze medal match recently. Hosts Australia, meanwhile, won the title after they thrashed Argentina 9-4 in the final. At the Perth Hockey Stadium,

Malaysia opened the scoring when Azlan Misron muscled his way through a congested goal circle in the 17th minute. They sealed bronze six minutes into the second-half with Izwan Firdaus netting before Pakistan pulled one back in the 29th through Mohammad Arsalan Qadir who scored off a penalty corner.

Pakistan's chances of making the final had come to an end on Saturday when they lost 2-0 to Australia in their final round-robin match. Pakistan had earlier won 53 against Malaysia before drawing 5-5 against Argentina. In the final, Glenn Turner, Russel Ford and Liam de Young notched a brace apiece as Australia demolished Argentina. J

www.PakistanLink.com www.Pakistanlink.com

LAHORE: That document could be approved as early as the ICC Board's next meeting in January, when Amir could be granted the chance to re-start a career that was left in tatters after he was part of a plot to bowl no-balls during the 2010 Lord's Test against England. After their two-day meeting the ICC board released a statement confirming their intention to look into Amir's case. 'The ICC Board was informed that a revised version of a more robust and strengthened ICC anticorruption code will be submitted for discussion/approval at the January 2014 meeting,' the statement read. 'During the discussion, the matter of Mohammad Amir's five-year ban also came up for discussion. 'The ICC board decided to review the matter in due course after the revised ICC anti-corruption code has been finalised and adopted.' Amir has not played in internation-

al cricket since the Lord's Test and, after pleading guilty to the spot-fixing charges, spent three months in a British prison. Reports in Pakistan before the ICC Board meeting had suggested that a plea would be made to allow Amir to make an early return to cricket. It was suggested the left-armer might be allowed to resume training at the National Centre in Lahore, and even play domestic cricket before his ban ends. A five-member ICC subcommittee was set up in July to look into the possibility of relaxing Amir's ban. The ICC also confirmed it had agreed to delay the deadline for the completion of the stadiums for next year's World Twenty20 in Bangladesh. A decision has now been pushed back to November 30 after a request by the Bangladesh Cricket Board (BCB), although the format and schedule for the tournament is due to be announced on October 27. J


COMMENTARY n By Erika Cebreros Translated by Elena Shore San Francisco, CA

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ourdes Alarcón is what higher-education experts call a “non-traditional student.” In other words, she isn’t a young person who went straight to college after high school. Originally from Bolivia, she is a thirty-something mom raising two kids -- a 7-year-old boy and a 5-year-old girl – on her own. And by the end of 2013, after four years of personal sacrifice and hard work at San Francisco State University (SFSU), she’ll also be a college graduate.

Alarcón’s success was spurred by disappointment. Five years ago, she lost her job as assistant to the principal of an elementary school in San Francisco, and subsequently had difficulty finding a job that would pay her enough to support a family in one of the country’s most expensive areas to live. “My options were to [either] go to college, or take any job,” said Alarcón. “I preferred to study to get ahead and provide a better future for my kids. My dream has always been to be a teacher.” Non-traditional students, especially single working mothers like Alarcón, face a number of unique barriers in their quest to become professionals, none larger than childcare. In Alarcón’s case, taking advantage of the daycare program at SFSU wasn’t an immediate option, due to a massive waiting list – as of July 2013, there were about 200 families on the waiting list for SFSU daycare, according to Erica Almaguer, one of the coordinators of the university’s Early Childhood Education Center. “Colleges are designed for young people without kids,” said Alarcón. “That’s why there often isn’t enough support for parents.” Typically, four-year universities are designed for young students who have recently graduated from high school, and have more economic opportunities than “non-traditional” students, agreed Jeanne Batalova, an analyst at the Migration Policy Institute (MPI). Community colleges, she said, often make a greater effort to provide services that support lowincome students and students with children. Advocates say there are several things that universities could do to better support their “non-traditional” students. Those include access to transportation, flexible class schedules and childcare. Unable to pay for private care, and too far down on the wait list for SFSU’s daycare program, Alarcón was forced to find solutions within her personal network. Three people, including her father, care for the kids while she goes to school . That means several hours a day spent transporting the children from one place to another, a job that was made more difficult by the fact that Alarcón relies on San Francisco’s public transportation system. “I [can] drive but I don’t have a car, because finding parking is almost impossible and is really expensive here,” said Alarcón. Nationwide, the average cost of fulltime daycare for a baby in 2011 ranged anywhere from $4,600 to $15,000 per year, depending on the state; and from

OCTOBER 25, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P25

Women Immigrants Face Higher Hurdles to College Success $3,900 to $11,700 for a four-yearold, according to a report released in 2012 by the non-profit group Child Care Aware. When those costs become prohibitive for lower-income families, one option is to turn to government programs. But even then, demand is often greater than the supply. “There are thousands of families eligible for subsidized childcare that aren’t getting it,” said Nancy Remley, policy administrator at the California Department of Education’s Child Development Division. “Now we have no idea how many families are on the waiting list. A few years ago, we had a centralized list for each county and there was a total of 200,000 children on the list.” California isn’t the only state where families struggle to get subsidized childcare. The federal government allocates $5 billion per year to fund childcare and development programs, in addition to state subsidies that vary in amount. Today, about 1.6 million children benefit from federal childcare subsidies, but it’s not enough, according Helen Blank, director of childcare and early learning at the National Women’s Law Center, who calls the government’s inability to meet the childcare needs of families “outrageous.” In addition to the lack of adequate childcare, many mothers find the process of applying for and keeping childcare subsidies difficult and confusing . That was true for Jennifer Maldonado, who began her studies in public policy this fall at Mills College in Oakland. After spending two years on the waiting list to get childcare subsidies, she was told that her family was disqualified because her husband is studying to get a master’s degree. “I don’t understand why they denied us help. On the one hand the government wants people to get ahead so they will no longer need financial aid. But on the other hand, they are holding us back if they don’t help us,” said Maldonado, who was born in Nicaragua but has lived in the United States since she was young. She is now the mother of two daughters, a 4-year-old and a 2-year-old. Alarcón from SFSU, who does receive the childcare subsidy, says it would have been impossible to continue her education without it. Financial aid and scholarships Scholarships can offer a pathway for non-traditional students with low incomes to earn a college degree, but many aren’t aware those opportunities exist. “The problem isn’t that there aren’t scholarships available. What’s really happening is that a lot of times, Latino families don’t know they exist or how to find them. And some of them think they are no longer available because of the economic crisis,” said Olga Talamante, executive director of Chicana Latina Foundation, a non-profit organization in Burlingame that provides scholarships to Latina students. Richard Fry, an economist at

the Pew Research Center, said he has seen progress when it comes to the education of Latinos over the last 30 years, but there is still a sizeable achievement gap between Latinos, and non-Hispanic whites and Asian Americans in education. “The real prize for Latino students would be graduating from college,” said Fry. He pointed out

Ignatius from Parent Voices said the economic crisis that hit the United States in 2008 prompted a number of parents in her organization to go back to school. “When they found themselves unemployed, they decided to enroll in college so they could succeed in an increasingly competitive job market” that about 29 percent of Latinos between 20 and 30 years old have not finished high school. And close to 90 percent of Latinos in the same age bracket don’t have a college diploma . “It’s something really troubling,” he said. According to Fry, in recent years, non-profits, policy experts and academics focusing on the Latino population have identified two things they think could raise educational attainment among Latinos: First, more information about how college works, and its impor-

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tance: “A lot of immigrants don’t know the educational system, and so they can’t help their kids when they go off to college. And that puts those students at an academic disadvantage compared with other groups of students.” Second, increased access to early childhood development programs. President Obama’s budget proposal for fiscal year 2014 includes an initiative that would invest $75 billion over the next 10 years to expand public preschool programs for 4-year-olds. Blank, of the National Women’s Law Center, acknowledged that the president’s initiative is “a good step but it doesn’t solve the needs of all moms.” That’s because there are a lot of families that need childcare for babies and toddlers under the age of four. Only $1 billion of the president’s proposed budget would be allocated for that population. The proposal has not yet been approved by Congress. Initiatives launched by mothers Mary Ignatius, coordinator of Parent Voices in California, pointed out that immigrant mothers are often left to devise their own solutions to the challenges they face as college students. In 2007, for example, a group of mothers, including some from Parent Voices, fought to create a parent resource center at Mills College after a student, Maricruz Alvarado, founded a club for moms and discovered there were a number of other students like herself who needed a shared space for their families on campus. “At Mills they had study halls for different kinds of students, but not for parents. So for more than a year we fought to get them to recognize us and give us a place where we could bring our kids while we were studying or doing homework,” said Yen Do, one of the founders of Mills Parenting Lounge. In 2012, another group of moms from Parent Voices in Sonoma met to talk about how much stress they were under as a result

of final exams. “The moms decided to meet at a park on the weekends and share childcare duties. One group cared for the kids while the others studied, and vice versa,” said Ignatius. Meanwhile, the latest trend in child care are co-ops -- schools and daycare centers funded by the parents themselves, according to Twiggy Damy, who has worked with groups of parents in different non-profit organizations around the Bay Area. “Parents take turns and volunteer a certain number of hours. These programs have become a much more economical option than daycare centers or private schools.” The primary motivation for going to college that was expressed by the mothers interviewed for this report was their children – the desire to be role models and provide them a better future. Wendy Monroy Gómez, who lives in Sacramento, took a twoyear nursing assistant course but now wants to go to college to get certified as a midwife and nurse. “I do it for my kids, but also for myself, because I want to be better educated. I don’t want 40 or 50 years to go by and be stuck doing the same thing,” explained the 27-year-old Mexican mother who has lived in the United States since she was a child. Economic need is also a major factor. Ignatius from Parent Voices said the economic crisis that hit the United States in 2008 prompted a number of parents in her organization to go back to school. “When they found themselves unemployed, they decided to enroll in college so they could succeed in an increasingly competitive job market.” According to the Department of Labor, unemployment among US Hispanics reached 9.4 percent in July 2013 (nearly double the Hispanic unemployment rate in 2006, which was 4.7 percent). That translates to 2,366,000 Latinos who are out of work. The national average for unemployment is around 7.4 percent. The desire for self-improvement and the importance Latino families place on education, according to the Pew Research Center, is another factor that motivates Latinos to go to college. A 2009 Pew survey found that 88 percent of Latinos over 16 thought that, in order to get ahead in this country, they needed a college degree. KHANUM FROM P12

recognized early on for her melodious voice. She also worked as an actress in a number of films in the 50s. One of her songs ‘Assan jaan ke meet liye ankh wey’ in the movie Heer continues to be popular among Punjabi music lovers. In a condolence message sent to the deceased singer’s family, Prime Minister Mian Nawaz Sharif called the late Zubaida Khanum a national asset. President Mamnoon Hussain in his condolence message recalled her services for performing arts in the country and said that they were unforgettable. MQM chief Altaf Hussain also sent a condolence message to Khanum’s family. He said that Pakistan has lost a talented artist. Her funeral prayers were held on Sunday in Lahore.


COMMENTARY

P26 – PAKISTAN LINK – OCTOBER 25, 2013

Get on the Winning Bandwagon n By Saghir Aslam Irvine, CA

A

t a monster truck rally, there are the monster trucks and the little cars they crush.

It’s better to ride in the truck. In much the same way, big institutions dominate the stock market. When mutual funds, banks, insurers and pensions pile into a stock, they drive it higher. They have power. Follow their lead and you’re likely to proper. Get in their way and you’ll be totaled. Time it properly and InshAllah you

will win. You need these heavy hitters’buying power. That’s why it’s crucial to know if they’re building positions in a stock you own or are thinking about buying. Find out where they are putting their money. A rating of A or B indicates net buying by institutions. Check Investors Business Daily. Institutions have brains as well as brawn. They have teams of researchers to uncover the best stocks. If mutual funds-especially the best ones-are buying a stock, it’ll likely do well. ?? will appreciate because of their buying power. Almost all great stocks have at least one mutual funds rated A-or better just before they break out. The Institutional Sponsorship Rating is in the stock tables every Tuesday and in the weekly charts of “NYSE Stocks in the News” and “Nasdaq Stocks in the News,” in Investors Business Daily. Institutional backing props up great stocks when MESSAGE FROM P1

Economic priority: Mr Sharif plans on pushing an economic agenda in Washington, Mr Aziz says, following the US decision to restore more than $1.6 billion in military and economic aid to Pakistan that was suspended when relations between the two countries deteriorated after the bin Laden raid. “The US already cooperates with Pakistan on energy but we are looking for an expansion of this and private sector investment,” says Aziz. “We want better market access. As a matter of policy, Pakistan is not emphasizing aid, other than in education or energy, but trade. The US has been discussing this, but in fact, [bilateral] trade has stagnated at $5.7 to $5.8 billion over the past couple of years. Our plan is to double this in the next five years.” Pakistan’s economy has struggled over the past decade. Over the past five years, the rate of GDP growth averaged at around 3 percent, with declining foreign reserves and abysmal tax revenue collection. In September, the International Monetary Fund approved a $6.64 billion Extended Fund Facility agreement with Pakistan. Mr. Sharif and his party, the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz, contested this year’s elections on a platform of economic recovery. The government enacted a reform program in the energy sector and plans on privatizing state-owned companies that are a drain on government finances. It is hoping to attract foreign interest for these companies, as well as for projects planned in the energy sector, such as a power park in Balochistan. The Sharif government also wants better market access for Pakistani companies to export to the US, in particular the t textile sector, which has lost out share to Bangladesh in recent years. Yet Pakistan continues to struggle to improve its fiscal deficit, and has long been asked to show commitment to expanding the taxpayer base and improving tax collection. The debilitating security situation and energy shortfall pose severe risks to the economy, which deters industries’ expansion plans and productivity. Pakistan’s influential Dawn news-

they’re correcting and then propels them to new heights. When a stock breaks out, volume should be at least 40% to 50% above its 50-day average. That indicates big institutions are driving up the price. (Saghir A. Aslam only explains strategies and formulas that he has been using. He is merely providing information, and NO ADVICE is given. Mr. Aslam does not endorse or recommend any broker, brokerage firm, or any investment at all, or does he suggest that anyone will earn a profit when or if they purchase stocks, bonds or any other investments. All stocks or investment vehicles mentioned are for illustrative purposes only. Mr. Aslam is not an attorney, accountant, real estate broker, stockbroker, investment advisor, or certified financial planner. Mr. Aslam does not have anything for sale.)

paper noted in an editorial on Monday that “economic issues are rightly being given importance but Pakistan’s problems are far deeper than any aid package or monetary assistance for military operations can help resolve. The Sharif government appears unwilling or unable to take the hard steps to structurally turn around the Pakistani economy, so what can an aid or trade partner — no matter how big — really achieve?” Afghanistan, drones linger: Officials said that Sharif is seeking clarity about US plans for Afghanistan’s future, in particular to assuage concerns that the US will “abandon” Pakistan after it withdraws from Afghanistan. Pakistan “cannot be saddled with the burden of Afghan reconciliation,” says Ms. Rehman. “This burden needs to be articulated and shared,” she said. “The path to peace should not only be Islamabad’s responsibility.” CRICKET FROM P1

playing a test for the first time against his country of birth. He replaced leftarm Robin Peterson, who couldn’t make an impact in the first test last week. Steyn passed a fitness test on his right hamstring and was quick to make an impact after Pakistan captain Misbah-ul-Haq won the toss and elected to bat first. Dale Steyn showed why he is rated the No. 1 test bowler by setting the tone when he had Khurram Manzoor caught off the second ball. The ball swung away from Manzoor whose expansive drive flew to Faf du Plessis at gully. South Africa’s seamers seemed to have learnt from the seven-wicket drubbing in Abu Dhabi where they bowled too short of a length. Instead Steyn, Vernon Philander and Morne Morkel all bowled at fuller lengths and pinned down Pakistan to just 27 runs in the first hour. Shan Masood (21) and Azhar Ali (19) shared a 38-run stand but both looked edgy against the seamers before South Africa struck in quick succession in the last half an hour before lunch. Pakistan dipped to 60-6 at the break. Left-hander Masood, who made an impressive 75 in his debut test at Abu

Dhabi, played on Tahir while attempting to drive off the front foot; captain Misbah couldn’t read Tahir’s googly as he tried to play across the line and was adjudged lbw on 2, while Adnan Akmal played on the leg spinner before he’d scored with Pakistan losing three wickets at the same total of 60. Tahir grabbed two more wickets soon after the break to surpass his previous best of 3-55 against Australia at Johannesburg in 2011. No. 9 Babar top-scored with 25 not out and featured in a 33-run last-wicket stand with Junaid Khan, who made 4. So much was Pakistan’s frustration after being shot out under 100 for the second time this year that it wasted both television reviews inside the first five overs – both against lanky Mohammad Irfan. Alviro Petersen added salt in the wounds and struck the 2.16-meter (7foot-1) paceman for three successive fours before he was trapped leg before wicket in Babar’s first over. Dean Elgar, who replaced Hashim Amla, added 54 with Smith but offered a tame catch at short leg off Ajmal. However, soon after, Smith wiped off Pakistan’s sorry score with a straight boundary off the offspinner that also raised his half century off 103 balls. Jacques Kallis’ run of poor form continued as he made 7 before Ajmal had him lbw. Kallis scored only 5 and 0 in the first test. South Africa brought in Elgar after Hashim Amla flew back home to be with his pregnant wife after the first-test defeat last week. Imran Tahir declared himself more of a South African than a Pakistani after making a dream return to test cricket for the Proteas on Wednesday against the country of his birth. The legspinner’s career-best 5-32 skittled out Pakistan for just 99 and South Africa finished the first day at 128-3. Tahir said he is “more South African” than Pakistani now and that the opportunity to play for South Africa is something he will “always remember till the day I die.”

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Exchange Rates for Currency Notes* Countries

Selling Rs.

USA S.Arabia UK Japan Euro UAE

106.96 28.52 170.94 1.0884 145.07 29.12

Buying Rs. 104.43 27.83 166.90 1.0620 141.64 27.84

(*Source: Dawn, October 15, 2013)

U.S. VISA AVAILABILITY IN OCTOBER 2013 For Pakistan, Bangla Desh & India Compiled by: Hasan Chishti FAMILY SPONSORED PREFERENCE Pakistan/Bangla Desh 1st Unmarried sons & daughters of U.S. Citizens

Oct., 1, 2006

India Oct., 1, 2006

2-A Spouses and unmarried children of permanent residents

Sept., 8, 2013

Sept., 8, 2013

2-B Unmarried sons & daughters (21 years of age or older) of permanent residents

March 1, 2006

March 1, 2006

3rd Married sons & daughters of U.S. citizens

Jan. 22, 2003

Jan. 22, 2003

4th Brothers & sisters of adult U.S citizens

August 8, 2001

August 8 , 2001

EMPLOYMENT BASED CATEGORY 1st Priority workers

Current

2nd Members of the professions holding advanced degree or persons of exceptional ability

Current

June 15, 2008

3rd Skilled workers Other workers

July 1, 2010 July 1, 2010

Sept. 22, 2003 Sept. 22, 2003

4th Certain special immigrants Certain religious workers

Current Current

Current Current

5th Employment creation Targeted Employment Areas/ Regional centers Pilot Programs

Current

Current

Current Current

Current Current

Current

UNLIMITED FAMILY-BASED Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizens (IR): The spouse, widow(er) and unmarried children under 21 of a U.S. citizen, and the parent of a U.S. citizen who is 21 or older. Returning Residents (SB): Immigrants who lived in the United States previously as lawful permanent residents and are returning to live in the U.S. after a temporary visit of more than one year abroad.


RELIGION

OCTOBER 25, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P27

Ten Principles of Success in the Light of Sirah

n By Dr Muzammil H. Siddiqi

Y

From the translation by Muhammad Asad (Leopold Weiss)

e have indeed in the Messenger of Allah a beautiful pattern (of conduct) for any one whose hope is in Allah and the Final Day, and who engages much in the praise of Allah. (Al-Ahzab 33:21)

Prophet Muhammad – peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - was Allah’s messenger. He came to guide all humanity to the right path. His mission was to show the way of success in this world and salvation in the hereafter. He gave us the best example in his own life and those who followed him truly and sincerely were the most successful people. By studying his life (Sirah) we can learn many important principles for living a successful life here and achieving the eternal success in the life to come. Few years ago in one of our Sirah Conferences Maulana Waheeduddin Khan, a prominent Muslim thinker and writer from India, spoke and gave us ten principles of success in the light of Sirah. Today I would like to remind us these principles. They are useful in all situations and should be kept in mind always. 1. First Principle: To begin from the possible: This principle is well explained in a saying of Sayyidah A’ishah – may Allah be pleased with her. She said: “Whenever the Prophet had to choose between two options, he always opted for the easier choice.” (Al-Bukhari) To choose the easiest option means to begin from the possible; and one who begins from the possible will surely reach his goal. 2. Second Principle: To see advantage in disadvantage: In the early days of Mecca, there were many problems and difficulties. At that time, a guiding verse in the Qur’an was revealed. It said: “With every hardship there is ease, with every hardship there is ease.” (94:5-6). This means that if there are some problems, there are also opportunities at the same time. And the way to success is to know the problems but also to avail the opportunities. 3. Third Principle: To change the place of action: This principle is derived from the Hijrah. Hijrah was not just a migration from Mecca to Medina. It was to find a more suitable place for Islamic work, as history proved later on. 4. Fourth Principle: To make a friend out of an enemy: The Prophet – peace be upon him - was repeatedly subjected to practices of antagonism by the unbelievers. At that time the Qur’an en-

Gems from the Holy Qur’an About the translator: Muhammad Asad, Leopold Weiss, was born of Jewish parents in Livow, Austria (later Poland) in 1900, and at the age of 22 made his first visit to the Middle East. He later became an outstanding foreign correspondent for the Franfurter Zeitung, and after years of devoted study became one of the leading Muslim scholars of our age. His translation of the Holy Qur’an is one of the most lucid and well-referenced works in this category, dedicated to li-qawmin yatafakkaroo (people who think).

joined upon him the return of good for evil. And then, as the Qur’an added, “You will see your direst enemy has become your closest friend” (41:34). It means that a good deed in return of a bad deed has a conquering effect over your enemies. And the life of the Prophet is a historical proof of this principle. 5. Fifth Principle: To turn minus into plus After the Battle of Badr, about 70 of the unbelievers were taken as prisoners of war. Some of them were educated people. The Prophet (saw) announced that if any one of them would teach ten Muslim children how to read and write he would be freed. This was the first school in the history of Islam in which all of the students were Muslims, and all of the teachers were from the enemy rank. A British Orientalist remarked about the Prophet, “He faced adversity with the determination to wring success out of failure.” 6. Sixth Principle: The power of peace is stronger than the power of violence: When Mecca was conquered, all of the Prophet’s direst opponents were brought before him. They were war criminals, in every sense of the word. But the Prophet did not order to kill them. He simply said: “Go, you are free.” The result of this kind of behavior was miraculous. They immediately accepted Islam. 7. Seventh Principle: Not to be a dichotomous thinker: In the famous Ghazwa of Mu’ta, Khalid ibn al-Walid decided to withdraw Muslim forces from the battlefield because he discovered that his

army was disproportionately outnumbered. When they reached Medina, some of the Muslims received them by the word “Furrarun (O deserters!)” The Prophet said, “No. They are Kurrarun (those who will return and advance).” Those people of Madinah were thinking dichotomously, either fighting or retreating. The Prophet said no. There is also a third option, and that is to avoid war and find a time to strengthen yourself. Now history tells us that the Muslims, after three years of preparation, advanced again towards the Roman border and this time they achieved a resounding victory. 8. Eighth Principle: To bring the battle in one’s own favorable field: This principle is derived from the incident of Hudaibiyya. At that time, the unbelievers were determined to engage Muslims in fighting, because obviously they were in an advantageous position. But the Prophet, by accepting their conditions unilaterally, entered into a pact. It was a ten-year peace treaty. Until then, the meeting ground between Muslims and non- Muslims had been on the battlefield. Now the area of conflict became that of an ideological debate. Within two years, Islam emerged victorious because of the simple reason of its ideological superiority. 9. Ninth Principle: Gradualism instead of radicalism: This principle is well established by a Hadith of Al-Bukhari. Sayyidah Aishah – may Allah be pleased with her - says that the first verses of the Qur’an were related mostly to faith, to heaven and hell. And then after a long time when people’s hearts had softened, the specific commands to desist from adultery and drinking were revealed in the Qur’an. This is a clear proof that for social changes, Islam advocates the evolutionary method, rather

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than the revolutionary method. 10. Tenth Principle: To be pragmatic in controversial matters: During the writing of Hudaibiyya treaty, the Prophet – peace be upon him - dictated these words: “This is from Muhammad, the Messenger of God.” The Quraysh delegate raised objections over these words. The Prophet promptly changed the word and ordered to write simply Muhammad, son of Abdullah. These were the principles through which the Prophet – peace be upon him - gained success and if we follow them today seriously and sincerely, we can also achieve success. (Taken from a talk of Maulana Waheeduddin Khan) HELP FROM P11

“I need your personal help,” Mr Clinton had told Mr Sharif on December 18, 1998, after he received intelligence information about the possible Al Qaeda attack. During the telephonic conversation, which lasted about six minutes, the American president asked Mr Sharif to use his influence over the Taliban leaders, who then were the rulers of Afghanistan, to stop the attack. “I understand your anxiety and your position, Mr President… We will do everything we can, I assure you,” Mr Sharif said, according to the declassified document running into three pages. “I will send my people tomorrow to Afghanistan to meet with them and discuss this with them, and tell them this will not be in their interest and it will serve no purpose, that it will invite retaliation and a world reaction,” the prime minister said. “I will do whatever I can, I can assure you of that, but you must understand they are very stubborn and uncooperative,” Mr Sharif is quoted as saying to Mr Clinton. “I understand, but there’s a difference between being uncooperative and not giving him up, and being uncooperative and allowing him to conduct operations. Those are fundamentally different things. I hope you can bring that home to them,” the American president said.

Chapter 2, Al-Baqarah (The Cow), Verse 114 Hence, who could be more wicked than those who bar the mention of God’s name from [any of] His houses of worship and strive for their ruin, [although] they have no right to enter them save in fear of God?1 For them in this world, there is ignominy in store; and for them, in the life to come, awesome suffering. Chapter 2, Verses, Al-Baqarah (The Cow), Verses 115-116 And God’s is the east and the west: and wherever you turn, there is God’s countenance. Behold God is infinite, all knowing. And yet some people assert, “God has taken unto Himself a son!” Limitless is he in his glory!2 Chapter 2, Al-Baqarah (The Cow), Verse 124 And [remember this:] when his Sustainer tried Abraham by [His] commandments and the latter fulfilled them, He said: “Behold, I shall make thee a leader of men”. Abraham asked: “And [wilt thou make leaders] of my offspring as well?” [God] answered: “My covenant does not embrace evilgoers”.3 _________________________ Translator’s Notes 1 It is one of the fundamental principles of Islam that every religion which has belief in God as its focal point must be accorded full respect, however much one may disagree with its particular tenets. Thus, the Muslims are under an obligation to honor and protect any house of worship dedicated to God, whether it be a mosque or a church or a synagogue; and any attempt to prevent the followers of another faith from worshipping God according to their own lights is condemned by the Qur’an as a sacrilege. A striking illustration of this principle is forthcoming from the Prophet’s treatment of the deputation from Christian Najran in the year 10H. They were given free access to the Prophet’s mosque, and with his full consent celebrated their religious rites there, although their adoration of Jesus as “the son of God” and of Mary as “the Mother of God” was fundamentally at variance with Islamic beliefs. 2 I.e., far from any imperfection such as would be implied in the necessity (or logical possibility) of having any “progeny” either in a literal or a metaphorical sense. (In the original text) the expression “subhaana” - applied exclusively to God - connotes His utter remoteness from any imperfection and any similarity, however GEMS, P29


CLASSIFIED & MATRIMONIAL

P28 – PAKISTAN LINK – OCTOBER 25, 2013

Classified Section Petition of Asma Uraizee and Zaheer Uraizee on Behalf of Hafsa Uraizee Petition of Asma Uraizee and Zaheer Uraizee On Behalf Of Hafsa Uraizee ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME CASE NUMBER: KS017483 TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: Petitioners Asma Uraizee and Zaheer Uraizee On Behalf Of Hafsa Uraizee filed a petition with this court for a decree changing names as follows: Present Name: Hafsa Uraizee Proposed Name: Aaliya Uraizee THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted. Any person objecting to the name changes described above must file a written objection that includes the reasons for the objection at least two court days before the matter is scheduled to be heard and must appear at the hearing to show cause why the petition should not be granted. If no written objection is timely filed, the court may grant the petition without a hearing. NOTICE OF HEARING Date: December 04, 2013 Time: 8:30 am Dept.: G Room: 302 THE ADDRESS OF THE COURT IS: Superior Court of California, County of Los Angeles Superior Court, 400 Civic Center Plaza, Pomona, CA 91766 A copy of this Order to Show Cause shall be published at least once each week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in the following newspaper of general circulation, printed in this county (newspaper): Pakistan Link. DATE: October 15, 2013 Brian M. Hoffstadt Judge of the Superior Court.

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PAKISTAN GEMS FROM P27

tenuous, with any created being or thing. 3 This passage, read in conjunction with the two preceding verses, refutes the contention of the children of Israel that they are “God’s chosen people”. The Qur’an makes it clear that the exalted status of Abraham was not something that would automatically confer a comparable status on his physical descendants, and certainly not on the sinners amongst them. APPEAL FROM P12

December 24, 2012 after an altercation with Siraj Talpur’s servant. Later, Siraj Talpur, his brother Sajjad Talpur, their servant Ghulam Mustafa Lashari and Shahrukh Jatoi were charged and convicted of the murder of Shahzeb Khan. NLC FROM P13

step after the accused are recalled and detained is the recording of the summary of evidence (S of E) which is similar to the challan (in the criminal procedure code). At this stage, the initial allegations against the accused are probed and the statements of witnesses as well as of the accused are recorded. The trial of the accused has to commence within eight days of being taken into custody. Within the next fortnight, the general officer commanding (Major General) has to submit a report to the corps commander. If the trial is not commenced even after 32 days, the commanding officer submits a report to the Judge Advocate General (JAG) explaining the delay. This is forwarded to the COAS. The latter can then decide the fate of the accused. He either orders that the proceedings be quashed or directs the unit concerned to put the accused on trial, said Mr Chandio. “But in the NLC case the matter is still pending. This inordinate delay is inadmissible under the PAA,” he added. Dawn has been told that there are certain reasons for the lack of action in this case. “Since two civilians are also involved in the NLC scam and NAB is examining the matter,” said one observer who has been watching the issue closely, “it would be embarrassing if the generals are given a clean chit and the civilians are later found guilty by an accountability court.” NAB on the other hand is waiting for the military authorities. A senior NAB official told Dawn that the bureau could not proceed against the civilians till it was provided the relevant documents by the NLC. “NAB had already placed the names of Saeedur Rehman and Najibur Rehman on the ECL a year ago. It had also recorded their statements and is now waiting for the relevant documents and statements of some NLC officials which are currently with the military authorities,” he said. “NAB officials have met the senior military officials at the General Headquarters in connection with this matter and during a recent meeting they promised to hand over the documents to NAB soon,” he added. However, some retired military officials are of the opinion that the retired generals should be

OCTOBER 25, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P29 tried in the accountability court. Soon after the ISPR announced that the generals were being recalled, Colonel (retired) Inamur Rahim had filed an application before the chairman NAB seeking the trial of the retired general in the accountability court. In the application he stated that the civilian accused in the matter would get life imprisonment or at least ten years imprisonment if convicted in the NLC scam while the generals might simply have their pension revoked under the PAA. This is why, Rahim argued, the retired army generals should be charged and tried along with the civilians NLC officials. The military spokesman did not comment on this matter when contacted. ‘Delay is normal’: Brigadier (retired) Wasaf Khan Niazi, counsel of the retired generals, however said that his clients are still under ‘open custody’. He explained that ‘open custody’ is like bail which the civilian courts grant to accused persons being tried for some criminal charge. He claimed that the investigation in the NLC scam has been carried out in accordance with the law and the matter was pending before the competent authority. When asked about the ‘inordinate delay’ in the trial of the retired generals, Niazi said in some cases the prosecution took four years to commence the proceedings against the TOS accused persons. However, he did not identify the cases. WOMEN FROM P15

“Women who join the force don’t care for their reputations or have nowhere else to go,” said one senior officer. Gillani and Zafar are infuriated by such talk. “If people see women police doing their jobs well, they will change their minds,” said Gillani, supervising the fingerprinting of a tearful accused kidnapper. While she must wear a burqa to head home, she refuses to do so in the station. “If we are doing the job of a man, why should we not show our faces?” she asked. “Change is a challenge for all of society, not just police.” - (Reuters) HEARING FROM P20

Islamophobia is not only a threat against American Muslims, but it’s a threat to our American values,” said Ayloush. “Through changing and improving policies, we can bring our nation closer to achieving liberty and justice for all individuals.” Ayloush provided lawmakers with recommendations on how to combat the Islamophobia industry and its efforts to undermine the values in our US constitution. The committee chair, Assembly Member Isadore Hall (D-Compton), Compton Mayor Aja Brown and committee members including Reginald Byron Jones-Sawyer (D-Los Angeles), Sr., Bonnie Lowenthal (DLong Beach), Paul Fong (D-Cupertino), Ian Calderon (D-Whittier), Jimmy Gomez (D-Northeast Los Angeles), Rich Gordon (D-Menlo Park), Melissa Melendez (R-Lake Elsinore), V. Manuel Perez (D-Coachella), Katcho Achadjian (R-San Luis Obispo), and others were present at the hearing.

PLACE FROM P1

in a recent report the council had described “Pakistan as a giant you haven’t considered” for investment. “There are few places in the world today that so uniquely offer the promise of land, geography and people, as does Pakistan,” he said. But the prime minister acknowledged that the country also faced a number of daunting challenges. “Acute energy shortages, a weak economy and militancy, do post huge problems for Pakistan,” he said, but assured prospective investors that his government had a “well thought out policy and plans of action”, to overcome these problems. Besides dealing firmly with the challenges of terrorism and extremism, the government was also “keeping the doors open for those who are willing to be reconciled with”, he said. The prime minister said his government had inherited a broken economy with an average GDP growth of 3 per cent in last five years, lowest investment to GDP at 14 per cent, unbearable federal fiscal deficit of 8.2 per cent, mounting 63.5 per cent public debt to GDP and all-time low of 8.5 per cent taxGDP. “Our government has taken immediate stability measures and structural reforms and has embarked upon a clear roadmap of bringing macro-economic stability in Pakistan in next three years,” he said. The prime minister said Pakistan was the most urbanised country in South Asia and with over 180 million people it was also the sixth largest country in the world. “Nearly 60 per cent of our population is under the age of 30, thus offering huge demographic dividends,” he said. By 2025, Pakistan will be one of the six countries in the world with a 100 million strong middle class, ready to seek and afford better lifestyles and living standards, he added. The government had already taken firm decisions on a number of major power projects totaling around 10,000MW that will be able to meet the supply-demand gap in power sector. Other ambitious projects include the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India gas pipeline, the Iran-Pakistan Gas Pipeline, the Central Asia South Asia-1000 electricity project, Pakistan China Economic Corridor, the Torkham-Jalalabad Road and the Kunar Power Project. GOVTS. FROM P1

Islamabad in March this year. Mr Sharif said that Mr Musharraf not only toppled his government but also sacked judges. He said that when he met US Secretary of State John Kerry on Sunday, he did not ask for money, which “surprised the Americans”. In both the speeches, Mr Sharif recalled

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that he brought former Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee to Lahore and even got a pledge from him for resolving the Kashmir dispute. And in return, Gen Musharraf toppled his government. “We have lost a lot of time. Centuries pay for a moment’s mistake,” Mr Sharif said while stressing the need for allowing democracy to flourish. TALKS FROM P1

Afghanistan. Seeking to improve a rocky relationship, President Obama and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on Wednesday pledged cooperation on the security issues that have strained ties between their nations. But the sources of the long-standing tensions did briefly bubble to the surface. Speaking alongside Obama at the White House, Sharif said he raised the issue of American drone strikes during their two-hour meeting, ``emphasizing the need for an end to such strikes.’’ For his part, Obama made no mention of drones, which have stoked widespread resentment in Pakistan where many believe the targeted strikes by the armed unmanned aircraft kill large numbers of civilians. Obama also tried to reassure Pakistan on the status of Afghanistan, where US combat forces plan to withdraw next year. Obama said he was “confident” of a solution “that is good for Afghanistan, but also helps to protect Pakistan over the long term.” Obama hailed Pakistan’s sacrifices from extremism. More than 40,000 Pakistanis have died in attacks over the past decade. “I know the Prime Minister is very much committed to try to reduce this incidence of terrorism inside Pakistan” and also wants to stop its export, Obama said. Obama acknowledged tensions and “misunderstandings” between the two countries. He said the two leaders had pledged to work together on security issues in ways that “respect Pakistan’s sovereignty.” “We committed to working together and making sure that rather than this being a source of tension between our two countries, this can be a source of strength for us working together,” Obama said. Speaking to reporters later, Nawaz said that it was imperative that Pakistan puts its house in order first. Strategic dialogue slated for March 2014: One of the outcomes of the meeting was the definitive revival of strategic dialogue between US and Pakistan with March 2014 set for resumption of meetings.

“Both leaders welcomed the resumption of the US-Pakistan Strategic Dialogue and reaffirmed its importance as the suitable framework for guiding the bilateral relationship,” a readout from the joint statement read. The forthcoming Ministerial-level Strategic Dialogue, which Secretary Kerry would be hosting in Washington by March 2014, will focus on peoplecentered initiatives and on results-oriented outcomes in support of the longterm stability, prosperity, and security of both the United States and Pakistan. In addition to that, the two countries also decided on the strategic priorities for the five working groups including: 1) Law Enforcement and Counterterrorism; 2) Economics and Finance; 3) Energy; 4) Security, Strategic Stability, and Non-Proliferation; and 5) the Defense Consultative Group. Nuclear security: With Pakistan’s nuclear safety being called in to question in recent times, President Obama reiterated his confidence in Pakistan’s commitment and dedication to nuclear security and recognized that Pakistan is fully engaged with the international community on nuclear safety and security issues. Both leaders emphasized that nuclear terrorism is one of the most challenging threats to international security. Obama appreciated Pakistan’s constructive engagement with the Nuclear Security Summit process and its cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency and other international forums, while acknowledging Pakistan’s efforts to improve its strategic trade controls and enhance its engagement with multilateral export regimes. In the end, both leaders committed themselves to remaining in close contact and to continuing their efforts to build a strong, broad-based, longterm, and enduring relationship between the two countries. Following the meeting, Nawaz left for Andrews Air Force base to fly back to Pakistan. Earlier, US President Barack Obama welcomed Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif at the White House on Wednesday afternoon as the two leaders began their meeting aimed at strengthening US-Pakistan relationship and cooperation in a number of fields including the prickly topics of drone strikes and Dr Shakil Afridi. “The meeting will highlight the importance and resilience of the USPakistan relationship and provide an opportunity for us to strengthen cooperation on issues of mutual concern, such as energy, trade and economic development, regional stability, and countering violent extremism,” an earlier White House statement said.


ENTERTAINMENT

ENTERTAINMENT LIFESTYLE P30 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; PAKISTAN LINK â&#x20AC;&#x201C;& OCTOBER 25, 2013

OCTOBER 25, 2013 - PAKISTAN LINK

passion with an additional factor of financial constraints she was facing. Khanum began her career as a playback singer in Lollywood in 1951 from the film Billo and was recognised early on for her melodious voice. She also worked as an actress on a number of films in the 50s but stopped performing after settling down. However, she continued her singing career.

turised on Musarat Nazir. In a condolence message sent to the deceased singer's family, Prime Minister Mian Nawaz Sharif expressed regret at Khanum's demise and called her a national asset. President Mamnoon Hussain in his condolence message recalled her services for performing arts in the country and said that they were unforgettable. Meanwhile, MQM chief Altaf

One of her most remembered song 'Assan jaan ke meet liye ankh wey' from the movie Heer continues to charm Punjabi music lovers. Yet another famous song of her's was 'Dilla ther ja yaar da nazaraa lein de' which was pic-

Hussain also sent a condolence message to Khanum's family. He said that Pakistan has lost a talented artist. Her funeral prayers will be held on Sunday morning at 10am on Raiwind Road in Lahore.

R

enowned playback singer and one of the best singers from Lollywood's golden era Zubaida Khanum breathed her last on Saturday night after a fatal heart attack. The 78-year-old singer was suffering from prolonged heart ailments for a few years and was living with her sons in West Wood Colony in Lahore. He condition turned worse on Saturday after which she was taken to a hospital near her residence where doctors pronounced her dead. At the height of her career, Ms Khanum married renowned cameraman Riyaz Bokhari and left playback singing for good. Her son Faisal Bokhari is also a known cameraman. Coincidentally, Oct 19 was the death anniversary of her husband. She was born in 1935 in Amritsar. Her family migrated to Lahore after partition. She did not belong to any traditional music 'gharana'. Singing was her own

P

akistani bilingual film Waar (in English and Urdu) did a record business of Rs40 million during the three days of Eid. It is the highest amount earned by any Pakistani movie at the box office to date. Akshay Kumar-starrer Boss, according to the entertainment circles, played second fiddle to Waar, earning Rs10 million only. The two low budget Pakistani movies could nowhere be seen in the light and glitter of Waar and did a meagre business. It was perhaps the first Eid after many years when a Pakistani movie took all three shows and in certain cinemas even the fourth show from 3am to 6am was also totally packed. It is also for the first time that an Indian movie could not find many cinemas in Pakistan and its business remained quite low as compared to the Pakistani

movie. While everyone is happy as Pakistan's most anticipated movie of the year Waar opened on the first day of Eidul Azha, some termed the movie a propaganda in their online comments. The movie has been released with 35 prints across the country. It is an action/thriller movie, written by Hasan Waqas Rana, and stars Shaan, Shamoon Abbasi, Meesha Shafi and Ayesha Khan. The storyline has been inspired by the war on terror in Pakistan and its effects on the world, however, one could see the stylised interpretation. Some critics found the script not that strong, however, music, cinematography and overall treatment of the film made it a super hit. Courtesy Dawn

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