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VOL. 23/45 - 5 Muharram 1435 H PAGE 7

Pak-US Relations: Deception and Credulity Opposition Holds Senate Session in Open Air Islamabad: The opposition refused

The Largest Circulated Pakistani-American Newspaper in North America

Friday, November 8, 2013

PAGE 15

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Hakimullah Mehsud Killed in Drone Strike

Fareeda Khanum Steals the Show at Khayal Festival

Rare NA Camaraderie Evaporates

to enter the Parliament on the request of the Minister of State for Water and Power Chaudhry Abid Sher Ali by chanting “Shame, Shame, Shame” during the Senate session held in the open air at the grounds of the Parliament House on Wednesday, Express News reported. A ten-point agenda, which covers Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan’s attitude as well as the power tariff hike, inflation and Karachi’s law and order situation, will be discussed during the Senate session. “The [casualty] figures submitted by Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar were incorrect and were justifying the drone attacks conducted by the US,” stated Pakistan Peoples in its outrage over the latest US drone strike a day earlier, the National Assembly on Tuesday appeared to be divided over how Pakistan Party (PPP) Senator Raza Rabbani Unanimous should now react during the session. He further said that “even the Islamabad: What appeared to be day appeared to be divided over how from November 20, after the passing defense ministry told the media that a rare show of camaraderie across Pakistan should now react. of the important days of Muharram. the figures were wrong.” party lines in the Natinal Assembly On Monday, Pakistan Tehreek- On Tuesday, Imran’s political rival “The records should be cor- seems now to have dissipated. e-Insaf (PTI) chief Imran Khan had Maulana Fazlur Rehman, chief of the rected immediately and the interior Unanimous in its outrage over made a charged speech that his party’s Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam-Fazl (JUI-F), minister should withdraw the the latest US drone strike a day ear- government in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa questioned his harangue and SENATE, P29 lier, the National Assembly on Tues- (K-P) would block Nato supply lines CAMARADERIE, P29

Local Govt. Polls Schedule for Punjab, Sindh Announced

Bhasha Dam as Vital as Nuclear Plan Once Was

Islamabad: The Election Commis-

sion of Pakistan (ECP) announced on Wednesday that elections for local government will be held in Punjab on Dec 7 while voting in Sindh would be held on Nov 27. According to the schedule issued by the Commission, nomination papers would be received on Nov 11 and 12. Objections against nomination papers will be allowed to be filed until the end of the day on Nov 13. The process of scrutiny would commence from Nov 16 and coonclude on Nov 18. Appeals against objections to nomination papers would be filed on the 19th and 20th of this month and would be disposed of by Nov 23. Nominations paper can be withdrawn by Nov 24, according to the schedule announced by the ECP. The final lists of candidates would be notified on the 25th of November.

POLLS, P29

“It is a matter of life and death for us now,” the minister said while explaining to an audience of US scholars and researchers at the International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, why the present government was committed to the Bhasha Dam project

Washington, DC: For Pakistan, building Bhasha Dam was as important as completing the country’s nuclear program once was, Minister for Planning and Development Ahsan Iqbal told a meeting in Washing-

US & Canada $1.00

ton on Tuesday. “It is a matter of life and death for us now,” the minister said while explaining to an audience of US scholars and researchers at the International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, why the pres-

ent government was committed to this project. “We have decided to build this dam at any cost, even if it requires us to tighten our belts.” The Bhasha Dam project, he said, was “as important as Pakistan’s nuclear program once was, if not more”. Mr Iqbal said he would seek the World Bank’s support for the project when he meets its president. “If the dam is not built now, in the next 10 years or so we will have a water crisis so acute that people will forget the energy crisis,” he warned. Not building the dam, he said, would have negative consequences for entire South Asia and beyond as it would threaten Pakistan’s food security and create a new population of “millions of half-fed and unemployed people”, said the minister who also addressed members of the Pakistani media after the talks. The government had already contacted friendly governments and DAM, P29

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Struggle of Kashmiris Can’t Be Called Terrorism United Nations: It was regrettable

that decades after adoption of UN resolutions‚ the people of Jammu and Kashmir remain deprived of their fundamental rights, railed Ambassador Masood Khan, Pakistan’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations (UN), as he brought up the issue of Kashmir in the UN General Assembly on Monday. Pakistan highlighted the fact that the people of Jammu and Kashmir have been denied the right of selfdetermination for close to six decades now. Ambassador Masood Khan was presenting Pakistan’s viewpoint at the UN Third Committee Session on Right of People to Self-determination and elimination of racism‚ racial discrimination‚ xenophobia and related intolerance. Khan said Kashmiris “continue to face widespread repression and gross and consistent violations of human rights, which have been documented by independent international human rights organizations.” KASHMIR, P29

South Africa Go up 2-1 with Easy Win Abu Dhabi: Leg-spinner Imran

Tahir took four wickets while JeanPaul Duminy and Faf du Plessis scored half-centuries to help South Africa beat Pakistan by 68 runs in the third day-night international in Abu Dhabi on Wednesday. Tahir wrecked Pakistan’s middle order with figures of 4-53 to bowl them out for 191 in 44.3 overs after they were set a challenging 260-run target at Sheikh Zayed Stadium. The emphatic win gives South Africa a 2-1 lead in the five-match series. Both teams will meet again at the same venue on Friday before the series is rounded off in Sharjah on Monday. South Africa won the first match in Sharjah by one run while Pakistan won the second match in Dubai by 66 runs. Tahir, who conceded 18 in his first two overs, returned for a second spell, triggering a batting CRICKET, P29


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OPINION

P4 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 8, 2013

Pakistan Link Tradition, Reform & Modernism in the Emergence of Pakistan - 3 n By Professor Nazeer Ahmed Concord, CA

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T

he ideological challenge from the Fatimids elicited a response from the Sunnis. Nizam ul Mulk (d 1091), the grand vizier of the Abbasids, established the Nizamiya College in Baghdad (1090). The College, in addition to a great center of learning, became a propaganda center for Sunni Islam. In this respect, it was a mirror image of Al Azhar, which was a center of Fatimid learning and propaganda. Local governors in the Sunni provinces followed the example of the grand vizier and established higher institutions of learning in cities as far away as Nishapur and Samarkand. It was in the Nizamiya College in Baghdad that Al Gazzali, the most celebrated dialectician in Sunni Islam, taught as a Professor. By the time Gazzali made his entrance on the stage of world history, classical Islamic civilization was past its zenith. Along the road, it had experimented with and abandoned the Mu’tazalite rational approach and had instead adopted and cultivated the empirical sciences. Now it was turning inwards to discover its own soul. Tasawwuf, the inner dimension of Islam, offered new vistas for a civilization that had grown weary of the exoteric sciences. Renowned empiricists such as Ibn Sina (d 1035) had come to accept tasawwuf as a legitimate discipline for the acquisition of knowledge. Al Gazzali, who experienced this skepticism in his personal life, gave up the teaching of exoteric sciences and embarked on a spiritual quest which opened up for him the vast realm of the spirit. Al Gazzali took on the dual challenge of accommodating tasawwuf within orthodox Sunni Islam and refuting the esoteric doctrines of the Fatimids. He succeeded on both counts through the sheer power of his pen. Tasawwuf thrived. The Fatimid intellectual challenge was contained, and Sunni Islam went on to radiate its spirituality to India, Indonesia, Europe and Africa. The work of Al Gazzali laid the foundation for the golden age of tasawwuf. The centuries immediately following Al Gazzali (d 1111) witnessed the establishment of Sufi tareeqas which were instrumental in the spread of Islam beyond the Arab-Persian world. The first and foremost of these tareeqas was that of Shaikh Abdel Qader Jeelani (d 1186) of Baghdad. Considered by some to be the greatest of sages, Shaikh Abdel Qader Jeelani is referred to as Ghouse ul Azam (the great helper-for those who seek spiritual help). So powerful was his radiance, and so sublime his message, that thousands flocked to hear him, and the mureeds who learned from him themselves became well known sages. The conservative theologian Ibn Taymiya of Damascus (d 1328), considered by some to be the greatest exponent of Salafi Islam, referred to Shaikh Abdel Qader Jeelani as his own Shaikh.

Tasawwuf served as the life raft for Muslims during the Mongol devastations of the thirteenth century (1219-1301). The Mongols destroyed the exoteric, empirical Islam that had flourished during its classical age (753-1258). Faced with the prospects of total annihilation, the Islamic world turned to their innate spirituality. This period produced a galaxy of Sufi Shaikhs, the most celebrated among them were Mevlana Rumi

was also a place for the public to gain an audience with the Shaikh and benefit from his wisdom and his baraka (beneficence). The visitors, touched by the spirituality of the Shaikh renewed their faith. Many accepted Islam. These zawiyas were so widespread throughout the Islamic world that we may refer to the culture that sprang up in the post-Mongol period (13001700 CE) as the Zawiya culture. The Qalandariya tareeqa was

The Mongols destroyed the exoteric, empirical Islam that had flourished during its classical age (753-1258). Faced with the prospects of total annihilation, the Islamic world turned to their innate spirituality. This period produced a galaxy of Sufi Shaikhs, the most celebrated among them were Mevlana Rumi of Konya (d 1273), Shaikh Shadhuli of Cairo (d 1258), Shaikh Ibn al Arabi of the Maghreb (d 1240), Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti of India (d 1236) and Shah Bahauddin Naqshband of Samarqand (d 1389) of Konya (d 1273), Shaikh Shadhuli of Cairo (d 1258), Shaikh Ibn al Arabi of the Maghreb (d 1240), Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti of India (d 1236) and Shah Bahauddin Naqshband of Samarqand (d 1389). Seeking nothing but the pleasure of God and their fulfillment in the service of man, these stalwarts succeeded not only in rescuing Islam from annihilation but in converting the conquerors themselves. The conversion of Gazan (1301), the Mongol overlord of Persia, cemented the sway of Islam over Persia and central Asia. History unfolded, revealing in its wake the Mogul, Safavid ad Ottoman empires. A tareeqa is a brotherhood following a rigorous process prescribed by a Shaikh for tazkiya (purification) of the nafs (soul) so that it becomes worthy of receiving the spirituality passed on through an unending chain of transmission (silsilah) from the Prophet. All of the tareeqas trace their silsilah through Ali (r) except the Naqshbandi which traces its chain of transmission through Abu Bakr (r). The Shaikhs established zawiyas in the far flung corners of the Islamic world. A zawiya was a mosque-madrassah complex and a meeting place for the brotherhood wherein the students mastered the methodology of tazkiya under the direction of a Shaikh. It

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one of the first to enter the subcontinent but its influence was confined to Multan and its surroundings. Syed Mohammed Ghouse of Sind introduced the Qadariya silsilah into Pakistan (1482). One of the most important Qadariya Shaikhs was Mian Pir who passed away in Lahore in 1635. Mian Pir was a teacher to Dara Shikoah, the eldest son of Shah Jehan and is widely credited with bringing Islam to Northern Punjab and Kashmir. It was the Chishtiya tareeqa that was most influential in India and Pakistan. The fountainhead of that tareeqa, Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti was born in Sijistan, Persia in the year 1139. Orphaned at the age of 12, he received his early education in Samarqand. After becoming a hafiz e Qur’an and mastering the disciplines of kalam, hadith and fiqh, he moved to Neshapur where he was trained by Khwaja Uthman Chishti. After obtaining his ijazah from the Shaikh, he visited Baghdad and met the towering Sufi personages of the age, including Shaikh Abdel Qader Jeelani. From Baghdad, Khwaja Moeenuddin traveled to Multan and then to Lahore. The vast Indian subcontinent was dominated by Rajput kings. Delhi and Ajmer were ruled by Prithvi Raj Chauhan, a dashing, colorful prince who had earned the enmity of Raja Jai Chand of

Kanauj by eloping with his daughter. Khwaja Moeenuddin migrated from Lahore to Ajmer in the year 1191 and established a zawiya. His initial reception was hostile and the Khwaja faced many hardships. However, the political situation changed the following year when Mohammed Ghori of Kabul, backed by Raja Jai Chand of Kanauj, defeated Prithvi Raj at the battle of Tarain (1192). The establishment of the Delhi sultanate removed the impediments to the movement of Sufi mystics. Khwaja Moeenuddin trained and sent his disciples to Delhi, Lahore and other cities in northern India. Thousands embraced Islam through his radiance. Millions came into the fold of Islam through the work of his disciples. Khwaja Moeenuddin Chishti passed away in 1236 and the mantle of leadership of the Chishtiya order passed on to Khwaja Qutbuddin. Upon the death of Khwaja Qutbuddin, Khwaja Fareed Ganj (d 1257) succeeded him as the Chishtiya Shaikh. Khawaja Fareed moved to Western Punjab and established a Zawiya at Pakpattan. If there is one person to whom is due the introduction of Islam in Pakistan it is Baba Fareed. His piety, sincerity and spirituality acted as a magnet to the Hindus of the Punjab and they embraced Islam in droves. Both the Sabiriya and Nizamiya tareeqas trace their origin to Baba Fareed. He trained and sent a large number of Shaikhs to the far corners of the subcontinent. Notable among those were Shaikh Jamal of Hanswi, Imamul Haq of Sialkot, Mawzum Alauddin Sabir of Saharanpur, Shaikh Muntaqaddin of Deccan and Nizamuddin Awliya of Delhi. Professor M. Mujeeb has compiled a list of Shaikhs and Pirs in the Pakistan region. The more notable ones listed by him include Shaikh Masud Ganj Shakar of Pak Pattan (d 1266), Syed Jalaluddin Bukhari of Bhawalpur (d 1294), Shaikh Dawud and Shaikh Ismail of Lahore, Shaikh Ruknuddin Rukne Alam of Multan, Shaikh Jehan Gusht of Uch, Pir Jalaluddin of Baluchistan, Mir Syed Hasan Samnani of Kashmir, Shaikh Ishaq of Pak Pattan, Baba Mullah Taher of Ziarat, Pir Hunglaj of Makran, Pir Shori of Bugti, Shah Bilawal of Lasbela, Pir Omar in Khuzdar, Shaikh Chatan Shah of Kalat, Pir Baba of Swat, Shaikh Kaka Sahib of Nowshera, Hazrat Abdullah Shah of Karachi and Hazrat Shah Inayat of Sindh. (To be continued)

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OPINION

P6 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 8, 2013 n By Dr Adil Najam

W

Lahore, Pakistan

Getting beyond the Trust Deficit

riting in these very pages back in September of 2005 (‘What Americans think of Pakistan’), I had recounted how an American scholar affiliated with a Washington think tank had asked me what Pakistanis think of America. I had pondered, also, on the flip version of the question, as contained in the article headline.

Four years later, in October of 2009 (‘USPakistan: A tortured relationship’), I had returned to the two questions and repeated the suggestion that the answer to both is the same: “They think of you exactly what you think of them. They don’t really like you, they certainly don’t trust you, but right now they think they need you.” This is what Americans think of Pakistan. And this is what Pakistanis think of America. In this regard, at least, it is a very equal and reciprocal relationship. Today, as if on cue to maintain the four-year cycle, seems like a good time to return, yet again, to the very same questions. The context may have become even more confounding, but the answer is no different. Fissures are deeper. No wounds have been healed. Distrust continues to define a relationship that each side is equally weary of. Even while occasions like Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif ’s recent meeting with President Barack Obama give both countries an opportunity to masquerade as the ‘closet friends’ that some have called them, cynics on both sides are left wondering why anyone would need enemies when they have friends like these. Yet, neither is willing, able, or desirous of letting go of the other. This may well be the single most messed up relationship in all of international affairs today. The nature of the trust deficit that makes it so is now well-recognized. Let me merely quote a few excerpts from my 2005 article to restate the argument: “Each considers the other to be unreliable, but useful. Each country has the sensibility of a jilted lover when it comes to this particular relationship. Like couples bickering at the precipice of divorce, each feels that it deserves to be treated better. The problem is compounded when one side (the US) is quite comfortable with an instrumental relationship, while the other (Pakistan) deems mere instrumentality to be an insult. From a Pakistani perspective, America has repeatedly failed to be a good friend. From an American viewpoint, Pakistan has consistently failed to deliver on its promises.” Important as it is to understand the nature of the all-too-real trust deficit between Pakistan and USA, it is far more important to figure out what can be done to get beyond the trust deficit. Let me suggest that there are things that can be done. Although, none that are easy.

Maybe most important of these things is for both sides to recognize the need to bridge the trust deficit. Proforma as it may sound, it is anything but. It is easy to proclaim that we do not trust the other. It is far from easy to recognize that we are not trusted by the other. It is outright painful to acknowledge that our own actions have been less than trustworthy. Unfortunately, counseling works much better for fragile marriages than it does for international relationships. Fortunately, a number of practical steps can be taken without waiting for the platonic alignment to be cemented. Among such practical steps, nothing is more useful than regular dialogue. Strategic dialogue would be great, but at least maintain regularity in dialogue. On the military-to-military side the two countries have developed relatively better channels of communication than they have been able to do on the civilian side. It is for this reason that it was good that Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and President Barack Obama were able to finally meet in Washington. It is even better that Pakistan has finally announced an ambassador to Washington. The prolonged absence of regular conduits of communication is never a good sign for a troubled relationship. On the more difficult challenge of (re-)building trustworthiness and dependability, it is not at all clear that the US has fully comprehended the intensity of the feelings of let-down that Pakistanis have. This has been more recently exemplified by incidents such as Raymond Davis and Salala but is rooted most deeply in the disappearing act that the US pulled in the region right after the Soviet departure from Afghanistan. Unfortunately, the US has adopted a blatant PR approach to the problem. Highlighting one’s contributions is an obvious strategy, but it takes much more than an advertising blitz to do so. Sometimes, it takes

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less. Having a large aid program is clearly an advantage, but belabored procedures and staff that keep ramming in the ‘political’ elements into its implementation – even if inadvertently – can only backfire. In too many cases in Pakistan, it has. Sadly, this results not only in ineffective politics but also ineffective development. For Pakistan, the challenge of credibility is internal. It is a dangerous situation when the paranoia of external interference becomes so high that one feels compelled to cut off one’s own nose to spite the face. Let us take the most pertinent of examples: terrorism. Nothing will increase Pakistan’s international credibility more – not only with the US but with the entire comity of nations – than unambiguous, effective, and consistent action against terrorism. Yet, international credibility is the least important reason for Pakistan to act. The most important – the only – reason for Pakistan to act is that all acts of terrorism whether done on or from Pakistan are an attack on Pakistan itself. Pakistan should be taking the strongest action against terrorism – and seen to be doing so – simply because there can possibly be no greater duty of the state than to deal with that which makes its citizens and its society insecure. If Pakistan were to do so, it would find its international credibility immediately restored and immensely enhanced. Of course, drone attacks into Pakistani territory have become the great lightening rod in today’s US-Pakistan relations. There are too many good reasons for why drone warfare is a bad – a very bad – idea. They kill innocent civilians. They further dehumanize the most dehumanized of human activity: war. They are an infringement of international law and sovereignty. They set a truly horrendous precedent. One hopes that international, domestic and Pakistan-based pressure will help the US realize the terrible folly of this device. If the Pakistan authorities have been complicit in their use then that complicity must stop. Having said all of the above, drones must also not become a distraction from the tough actions that Pakistan has itself delayed, especially – but not solely – in North and South Waziristan. That a US drone can come into Pakistani airspace and (sometimes) kill a militant is not the only way in which Pakistan’s sovereignty and security is breached. The fact that militants – enemies of the Pakistan state and society – are able to operate in and from Pakistan territory is as great a breach of Pakistan sovereignty and security. Maybe greater. Credibility demands that Pakistan acts against both. It should not be a surprise to anyone that there are no simple road maps to fix the trust deficit. We got into this mess one mistake at a time. We will get out of it one small step in the right direction at a time. One has only identified a few of those many steps needed. There are no quick-fixes; no easy-fixes. But, maybe a good place to start is for each country to worry a little less about how the other has TRUST, P24


OPINION

NOVEMBER 8, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P7

Pak-US Relations: Magnificent Deception and Credulity

n By Dr Mohammad Taqi

Professor Haqqani makes this job so much easier through this well referenced work delivered in a flawless style. He has provided a reality check in a timely manner without sensationalizing the topic. The former ambassador, an avid Boston Red Sox fan, has clearly had no difficulty in scoring another scholarly home run

Florida

Book Review: Magnificent Delusions Author: Husain Haqqani Publisher: PublicAffairs; November 5, 2013 Hardcover: 432 pages Language: English Price: US$ 28.99 Almost two years to the day he stepped down as Pakistan’s ambassador to the United States, Mr Husain Haqqani is back with an academic bang. His new book, Magnificent Delusions: Pakistan, the United Sates, and an Epic History of Misunderstanding was shipped by the retailers a good two weeks before the planned release date. The title and the cover depicting the grinning trio of General Ayub Khan, Dwight D Eisenhower and John F Kennedy in July 1961, contrasted with a Pakistani mob calling for blocking the NATO supply lines in the name of honor, as they burn a US flag, says it all. Mr Haqqani writes that while Washington and Islamabad’s “histories (as purpose-built capitals) may parallel each other, Washington’s magnificent intentions and delusions have often clashed with those of Islamabad.” He describes his book as “an account of that clash”. But it really is a blow-by-blow account of the magnificent deception on the part of Pakistan and an astounding US credulity in dealing with it. But despite having had a ringside seat in several rounds of the Pak-US bout or right in the middle of it as his country’s ambassador, Mr Haqqani has kept his personal observations to a minimum, clearly stating that the book is not intended to be a memoir. Even the fabri-

cated ‘Memogate’ affair finds but a passing reference in the book. With his eyes clearly on the diplomatic-academic-think tank horizon, Mr Haqqani, a professor at Boston University, has anchored his work in serious research into the history of Pak-US relations, tracing them back to before Pakistan’s creation. Professor Haqqani traces the roots of Pakistan offering itself to the US as a counterweight to India as well as a bulwark against communism, right to the country’s founding father Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s May 1947 meeting with US diplomats, Raymond Hare and Thomas Weil. Mr Jinnah told the two officials that the establishment of Pakistan was “essential to prevent ‘Hindu imperialism’ spreading” into the Middle East, and that the

Muslim countries “would stand together against possible Russian aggression” and would look to the US for assistance. Mr Jinnah clearly was honing that idea as he repeated it to Life magazine’s Margaret Bourke-White in August 1947, saying, “America needs Pakistan more than Pakistan needs America” as his country was the “pivot of the world” from which “Russia is not so very far away”. The interview is duly cited by Professor Haqqani, who posits: “Pakistan initiated the USPakistan alliance primarily to compensate for its economic and military disadvantages.” He notes that from Liaquat Ali Khan and Ayub Khan to Generals Ziaul Haq and Musharraf, leader after leader has carried on with the same policy of promising the US what they never could deliver

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to exact largesse, weaponry and even massive food aid. Pakistan wanted to stand on the US shoulders to achieve parity with India, and in the process kept pledging to the US things that it neither had the capacity nor the intention to deliver. Mr Jinnah asked the US for $ 2 billion via an emissary Mir Laik Ali for the “relief and rehabi lit at ion of the refugees” after the partition. The request was declined but was followed by a $ 305 million demand to the US for paying the three Pakistani armed services and an additional “shopping list” of military hardware. But while such demands were made, and even granted later on by the Eisenhower administration, the obsequious pledges, like the one by General Ayub Khan that “our army is your army”, never came to fruition. When asked to commit troops to the US wars in Korea or Laos, the Pakistani leaders like Ayub Khan would try to convince the US that for them to spare troops for the US wars they must first be freed up from a forward posture against India, which was only possible if the US used its influence and even hard power against India. Mr Haqqani notes that even the Chinese influence was used as a scarecrow to induce the US to keep coughing up money and supplies. A few yearsold Pakistan’s leaders were predicting the demise or disintegration of much older neighbors like Afghanistan and India, while its military literally survived on US handouts. Mr Haqqani is spot on in observing that this US trust in the Pakistani military enterprise without verifying and/or looking the other way in several instances like the nuclear bomb issue, tipped the balance against the civilian leadership in Pakistan. Without being held seriously accountable for their continued use of jihadist militancy, the Pakistani military establishment became set in its ways and while patronizing assorted jihadist terrorists, it virtually played the Americans like a fiddle. No doubt that the RELATIONS, P24


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OPINION n By Mohammad Ashraf Chaudhry

Pittsburg, CA

Democracy begins to fail and political life becomes impoverished when society can no longer translate private problems into social issues… the space of shared responsibility has given way to the space of private fears.” - Henry A. Giroux “Beyond The Spectacle of Terrorism.”

In Pakistan, we all hear the phrase “sovereignty of the country” excessively used in the media,. We also repeatedly hear such terms as “Rs. 13.2 billion deficit”, “IMF and World Bank loans and their constricting terms”; and an incessant resonance of the phrase, “Corruption and loot”, and “The flight of about $25 million” on daily basis from Pakistan. In between these, we also hear such phrases as, “The world is a global village and we are a part of it” and the “drone attacks are violating our sovereignty”. Sovereignty in simple words means, “Being able to exercise supreme and permanent authority, a “state of complete independence and selfgovernance”. In other words, a country and for that matter, even a person can remain sovereign, enjoy full freedom to move, act, think and associate themselves, until the times, that country or person are able to avoid mortgaging/pawing themselves, intellectually as well as physically. And this is not possible in the modern times for either of them. The country like a person becomes an “Indentured Slave”, when it signs the, “Debt Bondage”. Pay the debt, and you are sovereign again otherwise forget your freedoms. The best course left for such a country or person is to learn to live under the conditions, and think creatively of ways of how to amicably meet the terms of the bondage. Bickering and whining, and wrapping the whole issue with new lies, is neither a solution nor a way leading to a solution. It is a new form of slavery which makes its way to the neck via one’s uncontrolled lust for more. The country and the individuals often go for a ”Short Sale” for a “Foreclosure” under such circumstances. Which choice best suits Pakistan, can only be explained by our very able Finance Minister, Mr Ishaq Dar. I have absolutely no recollection of the days in my 71 year life when I was able to act as “a sovereign over my own self ”. Or “when Pakistan held supremacy over its own policies”. Parents in the name of discipline and good morals took away a good portion of my sovereignty; teachers at school robbed me in broad daylight of what by mistake was left of it, not even allowing us to ask simple questions ; forbidding us to speak or laugh aloud; not even allowing us to mix up with people whom we liked; not even to eat what we crazed for most; not even to wear what we desired most”. Youth came with all its stars in the eyes. But it did not bring the sovereignty under discussion. Most of us were not even free in the choice of our life-partners; even in the choice of selecting subjects that we were to study (not our parents) in college. After marriage whatever we earned, we always found two sharp accountants, one the wife and the other the parents, auditing us for every penny we spent. Yet we loved sovereignty, we valued self-respect, and we nurtured, albeit these constricting terms, a high sense of personal dignity. We reacted fiercely if someone accused us of lying, cheating, or indulging in any kind of financial embezzlement. Our sovereignty rested on the discretion, dreams and whims of the parents. As Allama Iqbal would say. We, however, managed to keep “Buwai Gadai” miles away. In the modern Pakistan, hunger for sustenance is not as acute a problem as is the hunger in the belly and in the psyche. No wonder some of the richest beggars live in Pakistan in the form of its leaders. UNITY IS STRENGTH: In school, we were instructed in morals through simple stories. The virtues of “Unity is Strength” were taught through this familiar story, “There was a farmer who had three sons. His sons quarreled all the time. The farmer tried many times to keep them united but failed. He could not convince them to change through the means of logic; so he thought of a plan. He asked them to bring him a bundle of sticks. Then he asked them to break the bundle. They could not do this. Then he untied the bundle and gave sticks to them one at a time. They broke easily all the sticks. Then he gave them the moral of the exercise, “So it is with you, my sons. If you

NOVEMBER 8, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P9

Sovereignty: A Misguiding Myth

are in harmony, you will be unconquerable by your enemies; but if you quarrel, you will be easily broken like the sticks”. Our teachers could not think better than this: this brand of unity is not the real unity that can keep people together. It never occurred to them that human beings are not like stiff sticks. All human beings are different in thinking, feeling and in conceiving things. They often do not fall in line with each other; and they hardly ever agree with each other. It is only in the military that they all fall in line on hearing one command; and military rule is not deemed as a good one. The trees that are stiff, often get uprooted when a storm comes. Only those survive that are flexible, accommodating, tolerant, and are able to cope with the prevalent situation. And the worst part of this story is that the unity which is much eulogized here was wrought through by the farmer through an unnatural process. It is not the sticks that had chosen to stay together and remain

rule of law, natural equality, justice for all, and accountability are not as important a component of democracy as is voting. Voting can be manipulated through wealth, authority and influence. But it does unfailingly bring to our leaders “The Ring of Gyges”. Gyges once in possession of this magic ring could become invisible, and could avoid the normal and natural consequences of his actions. He could seduce the queen, kill the king, and take over the kingdom etc. And yet he could remain unnoticed. The implication is simple. Anybody would do the same and would be a fool not to so once he got this golden magic ring through voting. Socrates says that if we condemn Gyges, because we are envious or we do not want to be thought badly of. The leaders in opposition today were the leaders in power yesterday. What did they do to the country that today they are preaching morality? The truth is that morality often is relegated to a number two position; in the

On taking the oath during the first 100 days, the country witnessed the launching of great activity between March 9 to June 16, 1933. The Congress passed 15 major laws relating to the recommendations made by the New Deal. On the first day in office, he closed the banks, declaring a bank holiday, to stop the withdrawals that had started taking place due to fear united; it was the string or rope that was responsible for keeping them together. Remove that ulterior binding force, and the sticks would fall as most nations fall or individuals fall in the families. If we substitute that string with the forceful parents; with the dominating rulers; or with the brutal dictatorship, or with the high debts, the shallowness of the story becomes quite obvious. Unity that does not grow from within, and that is not accepted from the heart and soul, is always short-lived. The moment a forceful parent, or ruler or dictator is removed, or dies, things begin to fall apart, and “the sons begin to quarrel again”. Pakistan endorses the above statement. Pakistan became a sovereign country, but it could never maintain its sovereignty. Its leaders were like the farmer in the story - short-sighted, egoistical and unmindful of what the ”sons” thought, or why they quarreled. Or what could hold them perennially united. Threads are weaker than sticks, but when they crosswise, and are woven into a fabric, they become strong . They are flexible, tolerant and they hold each other together. Their unity is enduring. Pakistan could never foster that kind of unity, in which all shades and colors - of religions, of cultures, of ethnicities etc.- could live by holding on to each other by respecting each other’s color and shade. Islam respects diversity and calls it “Allah’s Mercy”, but the leaders, especially the religious class, chose it to paint Islam as exclusivist, which debars all others. The attacks on the minorities are the direct result of this thinking that “Pakistan was created in the name of Islam, or that it is the fort of Islam”. The sovereignty of Pakistan was ravished and raped more by its own leaders than by any other external force. Naively, but quite conveniently, the leaders of Pakistan began to understand that voting by itself is what we call as democracy; that majority rule is a true form of democracy; that

order of precedence what comes first is one’s own interest. People praise morality for the rewards it brings, but if the rewards can be reaped only through the appearance or facsimile of morality, then why not follow Machiavelli who in his Prince says, “ It is not necessary for the Prince (leader) to have piety, faith, honesty, humanity, and integrity. But it is necessary for him to seem to have them”. So democracy for our leaders is not good because it is a good system for the people; it is good because it best serves their interests. In the fifties and sixties , most of us were financially poor, but we were not mean-spirited and unconcerned. I remember having a neighbor whose mother often came to our home in the morning to borrow a little bit of “black tea’, or “sugar” from my mother. She was always obliged, but was criticized as well. They were wonderful neighbors, full of compassion and sincerity, but perhaps forced by poverty, they often were seen bartering their “sovereignty” for trifles. How can a country of about 190 million people claim to maintain its “sovereignty”, when every newly born child in Pakistan owes more than Rs. 57,000. His/ her dream to equal rights, to good education, to a befitting health care system, to have a good job, to live a life in security etc. gets fizzled out on the first cry he/she makes on arrival in this country. According to one report Pakistan owes some 15.1 trillion rupees in debt. According to the State Bank of Pakistan, just in one year -2012- Pakistan incurred a debt of 1.697 trillion rupees. Frankly speaking, I didn’t have the faintest idea of how much a trillion could be until I read the following? “If you really want to see when an empire is getting vulnerable, the big giveaway is when the costs of serving the debt exceed the cost of the defense budget”, said once Harvard Professor and Financial historian, Niall Ferguson. Pakistan owing in debt more than 15.1 trillion rupees can best be visualized in this word picture.

www.PakistanLink.com

“If you were to take Rs. 10,000 bills ( not Rs. 100, or Rs. 1,000 bills) and stack them seven feet tall and fill in every single inch of an NFL football field from end zone to end zone, that would represent one trillion rupees. (NFL football field is 360 feet x 180 feet). Now put fifteen of those football fields side by side and then start picturing the size of the debt Pakistan has incurred”. In the words of Mr Glenn Beck, “That is the result of corruption, lies, and deceit from our self-serving leaders.”. His statement applies more naturally to our leaders. The laws of economics always win. Debt, deficits, unemployment rates, inflation rates, interest rates, bank failures, terrorism, bank robberies, corruption , selfishness, greed, lack of compassion, and disregard of the laws of the land and much more, all ensue from financial irregularities and financial indiscipline. Morality cannot exist on its own; it passes through the gate-ways of daily life. Socrates called the City as the soul because a city or State is the mirror of what its inhabitants are. It was Maynard Keynes, the famous British economist, who introduced the theory that debt can be positively used when there is a phase of economic downturn in the country. The government must generate economic activity by increasing the demand for goods. Borrow money, increase spending, reduce taxes, and this would stimulate demand for goods and services. President F.D. Roosevelt - 1882-1945 - reluctantly decided to follow this policy. But look what he did even before taking over the oath of the Presidency. He gathered the best minds from among the best politicians, economists, university professors, lawyers, and journalists, and asked them to come out and declare what was best under the circumstances. They came out with what the history calls, “A Fair Deal”. On taking the oath during the first 100 days, the country witnessed the launching of great activity between March 9 to June 16, 1933. The Congress passed 15 major laws relating to the recommendations made by the New Deal. On the first day in office, he closed the banks, declaring a bank holiday, to stop the withdrawals that had started taking place due to fear. President Roosevelt passed the famous Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation act known as FDIC, guaranteeing bank insurance up to $5,000; he passed Federal Securities Act in May, 1933, binding all corporations to provide complete information on all stocks; he passed laws regulating the Securities and Exchange in order to regulate the stock exchange transactions; he put all the young people between the age of 18-25 to work on building roads, schools, parks, planting trees, on flood control projects; on soil conservation etc., on a monthly wage of $30.00, binding the paying agency to send $25.00 out of it to the workers’ families, while providing free food and lodging in the camps to the youth. He created 4 million jobs through an agency called Civil Works Administration. It built 40,000 schools, paid salaries to 50,000 teachers in rural areas, and built half a million length of roads. Through emergency aid programs, he provided food, clothing and shelter to the needy. America came back, stronger and healthier. What did Mian Nawaz Sharif do in the first 100 days? Wear a long, sad face on the silly suggestion of the kind of clueless people he is habitual of surrounding himself; undertake foreign tours one after another, a feat he had relentlessly been accusing his predecessors; hold an All Parties Conference to tackle the monster of terrorism while constantly absenting himself from the Parliament sessions; never coming out with a concrete, bold, radical, daring and creative solution to overcome economic stagnation. He annoyed the poor for fear of displeasing the rich; he encouraged the terrorists by not going after them full throttle. At least there were three occasions that the terrorists provided him to crush them; one when they murdered an army Major General, a Colonel and jawans; second when they dismantled the Church in Peshawar; third when they freed their companions from the Dera Ismail Khan Jail. The only little good thing that happened was in Karachi where as a result of some action things have begun to improve. Fear appears to have warped his judgment because fear divides minds; feeds ignorance; and leads to ignorance. Worst of all, fear MYTH, P24


OPINION

P10 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 8, 2013 n By Dr Haider Mehdi

NOTES FROM A SOCIAL SCIENTIST

UAE

A

n Important Note: I urge the Pakistani foreign policy establishment in Islamabad to study/review this article as the basis of a paradigm shift in the PML-N leadership approach to Indo-Pak relations rather than consider it a brusque criticism of Nawaz Sharif’s government. The fact of the matter is that historically India’s political-military posture towards Pakistan has been belligerent and lately it is diplomatically outright hostile and aggressive. Pakistan needs to devise a diplomatic - military discourse for engagement with India to correct the prevailing imbalance. The Pakistani Prime Minister’s current strategic approach towards India “Let Us Be Friends On Your Terms” is flawed. First, it is purely and exclusively a “personalized” view of how Pakistan should engage with India. The PM’s claim that he has a public mandate to “befriend” India as he wishes is obviously a misunderstood and misguided notion. Pakistanis, as a whole, would want an Indo-Pak engagement on the basis of equality of nations and not subservient to Indian demands and explicitly expressed endless hostility. Added to this is the IMF conditionalities and the US pressure to accommodate India on exclusive terms. Second: Islamabad’s foreign policy establishment’s current diplomatic discourse towards India is completely devoid of Realpolitik parameters. In a nation-state system, a neighboring country is not offered an “a la carte” political menu on a singletrack one-way diplomatic channel. It is imperative that long-range national interests take precedence over short-term political trade based on vested interests. In this context, balance of political power, mutuality of views on global issues, military parity, balance of trade volume and willingness to partake in conflict resolution on mutual grounds by peaceful political means are some of the most vital conditions, among several other variables, that must be present for a Realpolitik engagement between two nations. Unfortunately the absence of all of the above and the perpetual state of political-military conflicts or the threat of such conflicts between the two nations offer no window of opportunity to engage with India in Realpolitik peaceful coexistence parameters. Third: It is imperative to completely comprehend an adversary’s historical political conduct. Islamabad’s current strategic approach towards India fails in fully conceptualizing this important factor. For record purposes, let us mention some of India’s past political behavior: It annexed Hyderabad by military force in 1948. India has ille-

n By Dr Ghulam M Haniff St. Cloud, Minnesota

N

ot too long ago the Pakistani community in Europe, as well as in Malala’s homeland, nominated her to be the recipient of the Nobel Prize. She has wide support in both the places and had no trouble in procuring the nomination. Her record speaks for itself, in the intellectual as well as among the female circles. She is incredibly popular among the women where her support has mushroomed beyond belief. Owing to the fact that she was able to survive an assassin’s bullet her popularity has skyrocketed.

In Europe she was popular from the day she landed and capitalized on that charisma from the early days. Since that time she has visited many parts of the world including the United Nations in New York. At the UN she gave two scintillating speeches, one included the officials attending the meeting of the General Assembly and the other invited activist personalities. Separately, she gave a talk at the world broadcast of the CNN which was organized for the benefit of

Living in Coexistence with India! gally occupied Kashmir by refusing to accept UN resolutions and has a massive military presence there to suppress the Kashmiri self-determination movement by force and committing brutal atrocities against the Kashmiri people. Its militarily intervened in East Pakistan and caused the breakup of its neighboring nation by an act of war to establish its military-political domination. Indira Gandhi, vehemently opposed to the Two-Nation Theory, would have invaded West Pakistan at the time had it not been for Nixon-Kissinger’s direct intervention to stop her by a threat of a US reprisal and Indian military’s possible humiliation in such a military adventure. The question is, given the history of India’s political-military conduct, how has the PML-N leadership and its foreign policy establishment concluded that India is now prepared to establish far reaching and permanently stable cordial political-military relations with Sharif ’s Pakistan for an everlasting peaceful coexistence with its neighbors? Indeed, Sharif ’s foreign policy managers are politically incorrect in making such irrational assumptions. The interesting and ironic thing is that recent evidence suggests volumes of contradictions to the said presumptions of Sharif ’s Indian affairs experts who seem to have conveniently set aside the ground realities of contemporary Indian political-military behavior. The personally amicable Manmohan Singh, next year to be the outgoing Indian Prime Minister, is not a statesman of a global vision of peace and political moderation in the region or a nonaligned visionary. He is a diehard Indian nationalist who has been steadfastly busy throughout his tenure to cast India into a dominant political military force in the region as well as globally. That is the political legacy that Monmohan Singh wishes to leave behind. As such, permanent and stable Indo-Pak coexistence or a Kashmir resolution are not priorities for Manmohan’s India. Consequently, the Indian Prime Minister has demonized Pakistan as the sole epicenter of global terrorism - the sole center of “evil,” he said, as he lambasted Pakistan last month at the United Nations and during his recent visit to Moscow . Three questions are vital here: Is this the India that seems willing to respond positively to Islamabad’s recent overtures of friendship? Is this the India that seems eager for constructive political engagement with Pakistan over longstanding disputes such as Kashmir and other serious issues involving Indo-Pakistan disagreements? Is this the India that seems determined to move towards per-

manent peaceful coexistence and be a partner with its neighbor for lasting regional stability and to work together for mutual prosperity in both coun-

Historically India’s politicalmilitary posture towards Pakistan has been belligerent and lately it is diplomatically outright hostile and aggressive. Pakistan needs to devise a diplomatic - military discourse for engagement with India to correct the prevailing imbalance tries? Unless one pretends to be completely oblivious to the existing ground realities, the evidence does not point in the above-mentioned directions. More important questions: Why is Islamabad

being deceptive to its own people? What makes Islamabad believe that a Pakistani magic PMLN wand will transform Indian historical political behavior of non-cooperation, hostility and aggression to the romantic lures of Sharif ’s call for friendship and lasting peaceful coexistence between the two nations? Is this not a deliberate self-denial of reality and asking oneself to daydream what is not within the realm of possibilities? My considered opinion is that today’s Islamabad lacks the perception management skills that the Indian Prime Minister is using with absolute brilliance to India’s advantage and to the detrimental impacts on Pakistan’s global image and domestic political credibility . So what exactly is the perception management that the Indian Prime Minister has so skillfully used at the UN forum and in Moscow to demonize Pakistan as the global terror center? The conceptual definition goes as follows: “… actions to convey and/or deny selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence their emotions, motives and objective reasoning.” Manmohan Singh has been doing exactly that to Pakistan’s discredit on a global scale. The irony of the matter is that PML-N’s Islamabad, instead of taking a proactive approach to counteract Indian propaganda, has been playing on the back foot and has gone defensive in its diplomatic response to India’s exploits of hurting Pakistan’s standing and image in the community of nations. We are being portrayed as outcasts on a global level - thanks to our immediate neighbor’s quest for peaceful coexistence. The fact of the matter is that India has taken advantage of the suffering that this nation has endured for being a partner to the US war on terrorism and India’s over-zealous meddling in Afghan affairs to attain political domination in the region. What makes the Pakistani Prime Minister offer preferential trade (the most favored nation) to India is something that only the PM himself can explain. In the meantime Islamabad is failing in its diplomatic discourse towards India; failing in its perception management initiatives and failing in the realization that India is not prepared to offer breathing space to Pakistan at any stage in the near future. We must acknowledge the fact that peaceful coexistence and permanent stability of relations between the two nations are remote possibilities as of now. It is so because Islamabad has made flawed policy decisions so many times - and until Pakistan adopts a bold political military strategic response to India’s “Realpolitik,” we have nobody else to blame but ourselves. In addition, Pakistan has to curb its hasty, cursory ad hoc-ism in its foreign policy-making process. Will Islamabad do that? I am afraid to imagine the truth!

To Award or Not to Award the international television network. Though she is only sixteen years old, and has not completed much of her professional level work, many people thought she was as competent for the prize that others receive. Target groups in Pakistan speculated that the time for Malala had come and she deserved the award. Without knowing about the rules it’s difficult to say what getting the award entails and what are some of the rules. However, Pakistani public remained optimistic about her award until the very last minute. Regardless, the European Pakistani community gave recognition for an award about two weeks before the start of the opening of Nobel Prize ceremonies. Thus, she has a prize in the eyes of the people who sought to honor her. As far as the people are concerned she has already received the award. Education is a hot issue in Pakistan mostly because of its neglect by the government and by those in positions of power. People want to learn but the government does not have funds to carry it through. In the past few years despite its neglect most people are beginning to talk about

education especially girls’ schooling in disparate parts of the country. In comparative educational achievement girls’ schooling is behind that of the boys’ and leaves tremendous amount of room for improvement. If private schooling was available girls will have no time in catching up. Because of Malala girls are on the march to bring the women’s schooling to the same level to that of the boys.

www.PakistanLink.com

Unfortunately, many people are strongly opposed to girls education and regard the money spent on it as wasted resources. In terms of educational attainment females have been left behind and only thirty-two percent of the females go to school as against fifty-four percent of boys. The girls are also behind in mathematics and sciences and are left behind in other subjects as well. The Taliban movements are particularly opposed to female education and were responsible for the shooting of Malala. They are also opposed to female education, in terms of building schools, and for any infrastructure that is identified as school for girls. There is no similar opposition to the education of boys, though many people prefer that only religious schooling be given to the boys. However, these ideas are changing owing to the impact of technology and boys schooling is beginning to catch on. Owing to the shortage of universities there are vast gulfs separating the higher and lower schooling. Funding is always in short supply for the purchase of educational material and books. School children bear the brunt of all the expenses and

some of them have to walk for miles to the educational campuses. The funding for education has been somewhat hidden and nobody knows where the money comes from and where it goes. Getting an award from the Nobel organization would mollify the public though it could be a hard task to pull off. Some publicity in regards to learning would do a lot to conquer the people’s mind. At this point in time an educational industry still has not developed and much needs to be done in this regard. Educational writers are a rare thing but it is beginning to develop. In the US and other developed countries all the work in the field of education is done by the private enterprise and people who specialize in learning. Educational policies are made by the states in America and rarely by the central government. In America education it is largely free enterprise and reflects the will of the people. It is not a document dictated by the government as in Pakistan. However, people are making more and more of the policies so it is becoming more and more of an operation of the people. But Pakistan has to go a long way before the will of the people is reflected in it. It is quite clear AWARD, P29


PAKISTAN

NOVEMBER 8, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P11

TTP Chief Hakimullah Mehsud Killed in Drone Strike

Islamabad: Tehreek-e-Taliban Paki-

stan (TTP) chief Hakimullah Mehsud was killed by a US drone strike on Friday, security sources and a senior Taliban commander said. Mehsud was one of Pakistan’s most wanted men with a $5 million US bounty on his head. He led an increasingly violent insurgency from a secret hideout in North Waziristan, the Taliban’s mountainous stronghold on the Afghan border. “We confirm with great sorrow that our esteemed leader was martyred in a drone attack,” a senior Taliban commander said. Several intelligence, army and Taliban sources across Pakistan confirmed Mehsud, believed to be in his mid-30s, had been killed in the drone strike in North Waziristan. Drones fired four missiles at a compound in Danda Darpa Khel, a village about five kilometers from the

regional capital of Miranshah, killing at least four people, sources said. A senior security official told AFP on condition of anonymity that a US drone fired missiles targeting a vehicle at the main gate of the compound, killing four militants. “It was a Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan compound which was in the use of top TTP commander Mehsud”, he added. Four security officials also confirmed Mehsud’s death to Reuters. His bodyguard and driver too were killed, they said. “Among the dead, who are in large numbers, are Hakimullah’s personal bodyguard Tariq Mehsud and his driver Abdullah Mehsud, two of his closest people,” said one intelligence source. Mehsud was killed after attending a gathering of 25 Taliban leaders to discuss the government’s offer of talks, security officials said. The information could not be

independently verified because journalists have no access to the affected areas. Mehsoud’s death follows months of debate over potential peace talks between the Taliban and the new government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. Mehsud took over the Pakistani Taliban in August 2009 after a drone strike killed the previous leader, his mentor. His Pakistani Taliban act as an umbrella for various jihadist groups who are separate but allied to the Afghan Taliban. Although Mehsud’s death will spark calls for revenge, it may make negotiations with the militants easier in the long-run, said Saifullah Mahsud, director of the Pakistani thinktank FATA Research Center. “Hakimullah Mehsud was a very controversial figure and he had very tough demands,” he said. But the strike did not signal the end of the Pakistani Taliban, he said. “It’s a very decentralised organization. They’ve lost leaders to drone strikes before.” Friday’s strike came a day after three insurgents were killed in another drone strike that also targeted a rebel compound near Miranshah. North Waziristan is one of seven semi-autonomous tribal regions in Pakistan. Washington considers these areas a major hub of Taliban and al Qaeda militants plotting attacks on the West and in Afghanistan. Mehsud’s killing comes a week after Nawaz Sharif urged US President Barack Obama to stop drone strikes during a meeting in Washington.

US Rejects Claim That Drone Strike Hurts Peace Talks son or many people. It is the killing of peace efforts in this region,” Nisar said. “This is a secret attack on peace process. This drone strike has not been carried out by Pakistan. As I am speaking to you, we have summoned the US ambassador [to protest the strike].” The Pakistani foreign office said Mehsud’s death was “counterproductive to Pakistan’s efforts to bring peace and stability to Pakistan and the region.”

Washington, DC: The United States has brushed aside claims that a drone strike that killed Pakistani Taliban leader Hakimullah Mehsud had destroyed the country’s nascent peace process. A State Department official said that talks with the militants are an “internal matter for Pakistan.” “We refer you to the government of Pakistan for further details,” the statement added. It insisted Pakistan and the United States had a “shared strategic interest in ending extremist violence.” It also said it could not confirm that Mehsud had been killed in Pakistan’s tribal northwest on November 1. Earlier on November 2, Pakistan’s interior minister slammed the US strike that killed Mehsud as an “attack on the peace process.” Chaudhry Nisar said “every aspect” of Pakistan’s cooperation with the United States would be reviewed. “It is not the killing of one per-

Kerry Defends Hakimullah’s Killing Riyadh: US Secretary of State John

Kerry on Monday defended last week’s drone strike that killed Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) chief but insisted that Washington was sensitive to any Pakistani concerns, after Islamabad denounced the attack as a blow to peace talks. Hakimullah Mehsud, who took over as the leader of the Pakistani Taliban in 2009, was killed on Friday, along with three others, in a US drone strike in North Waziristan. Pakistan denounced Mehsud’s killing, mere hours before a peace delegation was due to travel to Waziristan for staging talks, as a US bid to derail peace talks and summoned the US ambassador on Saturday to complain. On Monday, the provincial Khyber Pakhtunkhwa assembly unanimously approved a resolution that set a 15-day deadline for the Federal government to halt drone strikes before the ground US

and Nato military supply lines to and from Afghanistan would be blocked. Kerry said that while he welcomed any discussions “we are sensitive to the concerns of the country and we look forward to working very closely with the government of Pakistan.” “We intend to continue to work together with them [Pakistanis] through the strategic dialogue that we have established in order to work through these kinds of challenges.” Mehsud, whom the TTP confirmed had been killed in Friday’s drone strike, was described by Kerry as a “man who absolutely is known to have targeted and killed many Americans, many Afghans and many Pakistanis. A huge number of Pakistanis have died at the hands of Mehsud and his terrorist organization.”

US Lawmaker Defends Attack Washington, DC: A US lawmaker

whose committee oversees the intelligence community on Sunday defended the drone strike that killed a Pakistani Taliban leader and said it would help keep American troops safe. Representative Mike Rogers, who chairs the House of Representatives’ permanent intelligence committee, said the slain militant, Hakimullah Mehsud, was a “bad guy” who was connected to attacks against Pakistani soldiers and to the Taliban in Afghanistan, which has forced closures of many schools for girls. LAWMAKER, P29

www.PakistanLink.com

Drones Have Severely Damaged Efforts for Peaceful Dialogue Islamabad: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said on Monday that drones strikes have severely damaged the government’s effort for the peace dialogue with the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), but the government will not let the dialogue process be derailed. If cooperation could not be extended to the process of eliminating the menace of terrorism, then at least it should not have been damaged, Nawaz said. He was chairing a special meeting of the federal cabinet at the Prime Minister house in Islamabad. Addressing the meeting, Nawaz expressed confidence that the peace process will not be allowed to derail. The cabinet decided to continue efforts for the dialogue process. The premier said Pakistan had every right to take decisions and formulate a strategy in the interest of the country. “The ice was melting and contacts had been established from both the sides.” “Amidst this scenario, the drone strike inflicted serious damage to the government’s efforts for dialogue and peace.” Nawaz pointed out the continuation of an unfortunate and condemnable practice of the drone attacks manifested that Pakistan’s view point for the permanent elimination of terrorism and the establishment of durable peace was not understood. “If there cannot be coopera-

tion with the process we have initiated to end terrorism by leaving the path of revenge, it should at least not be damaged.” The recent All Parties Conference (APC) decision to pursue dialogue for peace proved that the entire political and military leadership‚ people‚ media and civil society wanted a resolution to the issue of terrorism through serious and meaningful dialogue, Nawaz said. He added that the world community also wants an end to the bloodshed. The Prime Minister said Pakistan was fully conscious of the menace of terrorism, as it has been affected by terrorism more than any other country. He added that the state should be allowed to resolve the issue according to its own strategy.

NATO Supplies to Be Blocked after Nov 20, Imran Tells NA

Islamabad: Taking part in the Na-

tional Assembly’s debate over the emerging situation in the aftermath of Pakistani Taliban chief Hakimullah Mehsud’s killing, Imran Khan Monday threatened to cut the NATO supply lines in KP after November 20 upon assessing the government’s reaction on the issue. The session of the lower house of Parliament, which commenced after a delay of two-and-a-half hours, was reserved for the debate, setting aside the routine agenda. Pakistan Tehrik-i-Insaf (PTI) chief Imran Khan’s party rules the restive Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, one of the two routes the NATO supplies move in and out of Afghanistan. He warned the US to stop bombing Pakistani land through its unmanned planes and vowed to block the NATO supplies after Nov 20 “if government fails to pursue

America to end drone strikes.” The cricket legend-turned politician, who is a strong opponent of US drone strikes in tribal areas of Pakistan, urged political leaders to unite on the matter “at the defining movements of country’s history.” He said the drone attack before initiation of peace talks was a proof that the US did not want peace in the country. He lauded the efforts of Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan for initiating the peace process. Despite all political differences, Khan said he was ready to reconcile with Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam-Fazl (JUI-F) chief Maulana Fazlur Rehman. CHAUDHRY NISAR: Earlier, Interior Minister Nisar updated the house of the government’s efforts in holding peace talks with the Taliban militants and hurdles being created in doing so. He again termed the US drone attack, that killed the TTP leader on Friday, “a conspiracy to derail peace process.” “Drone attacks are earning a bad name for a nuclear power. United States is not caring for Pakistan’s protests and if the peace process (is) sabotages(d) due to the United States then the onus will not be on the government, the armed forces and Taliban.” The minister, however, vowed to continue with efforts for holding peace talks with Taliban. “This would only be possible after the militant outfit chooses a new chief,” he added.


PAKISTAN

P12 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 8, 2013

“We Will Not Allow Peace Efforts to Get Derailed”

Prime Minister chairs cabinet meeting. File photo

Islamabad: A US drone strike that

killed the Pakistan Taliban leader last week won’t derail government efforts at peace talks with the group, Pakistan’s prime minister said Monday. “A drone strike under these circumstances has harmed the dialogue and peace efforts of the government,” Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif ’s office said in a statement reported by CNN. “But we believe that we will not ... allow the dialogue and peace efforts to get derailed.” At a Cabinet meeting Monday, ministers decried drone attacks as “unacceptable” and called them a violation of Pakistan’s sovereignty. “Diplomatic efforts will be

continued to stop these attacks,” the statement said. “Given Pakistani peoples’ resolve and sacrifices in this war against terrorism, it is incumbent upon the international community to support this endeavor of the government for the accomplishment of peace. The government of Pakistan will not allow any internal or external force to sabotage the dialogue process.” The meeting came three days after a US drone strike killed Pakistan Taliban leader Hakimullah Mehsud. Mehsud, who had a $5 million US bounty on his head for his alleged involvement in the 2009 attack on a US base in Afghanistan, was killed in northwestern Pakistan

NATO Chief Urges Pakistan to Keep Afghan Transit Lines Open

Brussels: NATO chief Anders Fogh

Rasmussen urged Pakistan on Monday to keep open supply lines to NATO forces in Afghanistan despite anger over a US drone strike that killed the Pakistani Taliban leader. Pakistan said on Sunday it would review its relationship with the United States after Pakistani Taliban leader Hakimullah Mehsud was killed two days earlier in North Waziristan, near the Afghan border. “I feel confident that the Pakistani authorities will maintain open supply routes and transit routes because it is in Pakistan’s own interest to contribute positively to stability and security in the region,” Rasmussen told a news conference. Pakistan is the main route to supply US troops in landlocked Afghanistan with everything from food and drinking water to fuel. Any closure could be a serious disruption as US and other Western forces prepare to withdraw most of their troops from Afghanistan by the end of next year. Pakistani cooperation is also seen as vital in trying to bring peace to Afghanistan, in particular in nudging the Afghan Taliban, allied to, but separate from, the Pakistani Taliban, into talks with the Kabul government. Pakistan and the United States

agreed in July 2012 to reopen land routes to Afghanistan, ending a seven-month crisis that damaged ties between the two countries. Without the Pakistani route, NATO forces are forced to use more expensive methods, such as airlifts, to bring supplies in. Rasmussen declined to comment on the drone strike that killed Mehsud but appeared to lend support to US actions, saying “terrorism constitutes a threat to the whole region”. He said he believed the Pakistani authorities, including the government and the military, realized it was in Islamabad’s interest to ensure peace and stability in Afghanistan. “The security of Afghanistan and Pakistan is inter-linked. There can’t be security in one country without security in the other,” he said.

Pakistan Summons US Envoy Islamabad: The US ambassador to Is-

lamabad was summoned to Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry on Saturday, a day after Pakistan Taliban leader Hakimullah Mehsud was killed by a US drone strike. Foreign Ministry spokesman Aizaz Ahmed Chaudhry did not explain why the envoy was summoned. A US State Department official confirmed the meeting to CNN but would not disclose details about it. The State Department official would not discuss US operations in Pakistan but stressed the Pakistan Taliban’s 2009 attack on a US base in Afghanistan and claims of responsibility for a failed attempt to bomb Times Square in New York.

Friday, senior US and Pakistani officials told CNN. On Monday, Pakistani jihadists distributed a photograph purporting to show Mehsud before his burial and describing him as a martyr, the SITE Intelligence Group said. Interim leader elected: An official with the Pakistan Taliban said Sunday that the group had voted to elect Asmatullah Shaheen, who is on Pakistan’s most-wanted list, as its interim head. The group, also known as Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan, will not be making an announcement on a new permanent leader for several days, according to Azam Tariq, a member of the Pakistan Taliban’s Shura Council. Prospects for peace: Mehsud’s death could make progress in proposed peace talks between the Pakistani government and Pakistan Taliban more difficult. A relatively young and charismatic leader, he held together a disparate group with different tribal and other allegiances. His killing may upset some elements within the Pakistan Taliban if they believe that the Pakistani government was involved. The Pakistan Taliban could also pose an increased security threat if they splinter into smaller groups, which could be harder for security forces to detect.

Altaf Hussain Critical of the Use of Word Martyr

London: Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) chief Altaf Hussain condemned Jamaat-e-Islami ameer Munawar Hassan’s statements in which he termed the late Tehreek-iTaliban Pakistan chief Hakimullah Mehsud a ‘martyr.’ In a press release issued by the MQM, Altaf said every child in Pakistan knows that 7,000 security officials and more than 40,000 innocent citizens, including some ulema and religious scholars, have been killed by the Taliban. Altaf asked the ulema and scholars whether the “murderer of thousands of innocent citizens” can be called a ‘martyr.’ “I believe that calling the Taliban leader’s death ‘martyrdom’ is against the teachings of Islam and of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh),” he added. The JI chief on Sunday had said that Hakimullah was a martyr while urging the Taliban to carry forward the talks with the government. Altaf Hussain is not the only political leader who has criticized Munawar Hassan’s comment. Earlier that day, Pakistan Peoples Party chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari did not mince words in a tweet about the JI leader’s ‘martyr’ statement.

www.PakistanLink.com

US to Continue to Make Progress in Relationship

Washington, DC: The United States Monday admitted to “tensions” and occasional “misunderstandings” in its relations with Pakistan, but implicitly defended the killing of Pakistani Taliban leader Hakimullah Mehsud in a drone strike. The government in Islamabad reacted angrily to the attack on Mehsud, chief of Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) on Friday, saying it would scuttle its peace talks with the group. “There inevitably will be some tensions and occasional misunderstandings between our two countries,” White House spokesman Jay Carney said. “We hope to continue to make progress in the relationship, and we continue to seek ways for our countries to cooperate on the entire range of shared interests that we have, from economic to

security issues.” Carney would not confirm the drone strike that killed Mehsud, in line with normal practice in such attacks, but he said the TTP leader had a long list of extremist credentials, including a failed bombing in Times Square, New York, in 2010. The spokesman charged that Mehsud and other TTP leaders had “publicly vowed to continue targeting the United States and Americans.” Mehsud was also wanted in connection with the killings of seven Americans at a US base in Khost province, Afghanistan. The suicide bomb attack was one of the CIA’s deadliest days in decades, as five of the agency’s anti-terror officers and two contractors were killed. While expressing public fury, partly for domestic political reasons, Pakistani leaders will have to carefully weigh how to respond to the drone attack and may be unwilling to again alienate Washington as they try to reheat the economy. As Sharif visited the White House last month, the State Department announced the release of $1.6 billion in aid, including $1.38 billion for the country’s powerful military. The money had been frozen as relations plummeted amid a series of crises in 2011 and 2012 including the US raid to kill Osama bin Laden at his hideout in Pakistan’s garrison town of Abbottabad – carried out without Pakistani knowledge.

The $120,000 Farmhouse Where Hakimullah Mehsud Died Miranshah: With marble floors, lush green lawns and a towering minaret, the $120,000 farm where Pakistani Taliban leader Hakimullah Mehsud died in a US drone strike was no grubby mountain cave. Mehsud spent his days skipping around Pakistan’s rugged tribal areas to avoid the attentions of US drones. But his family, including two wives, had the use of an eightroomed farmhouse set amid lawns and orchards growing apples, oranges, grapes and pomegranates. The compound in Dandey Darpakhel village, five kilometers (three miles) north of Miranshah, was adorned with a tall minaret -purely for decorative purposes. Militant sources said the property in the North Waziristan tribal area was bought for Mehsud nearly a year ago for $120,000 -- a huge sum by Pakistani standards -- by close aide Latif Mehsud, who was captured by the US in Afghanistan last month. An AFP journalist visited the property several times when the previous owner, a wealthy landlord, lived there. With the Pakistan army headquarters for restive North Waziristan just a kilometer away, locals thought of Mehsud’s compound as the “safest” place in a dangerous area. Its proximity to a major military base recalls the hideout of Osama bin Laden in the town of Abbottabad, on the doorstep of Pakistan’s elite military academy. “I saw a convoy of vehicles two or three times in this street but I never thought Hakimullah would

have been living here. It was the safest place for us before this strike,” local shopkeeper Akhter Khan told AFP. This illusion of safety was shattered on Friday when a US drone fired at least two missiles at Mehsud’s vehicle as it stood at the compound gate waiting to enter, killing the Pakistani Taliban chief and four cadres. The area around Dandey Darpakhel is known as a hub for the Haqqani network, a militant faction blamed for some of the most highprofile attacks in Afghanistan in recent years. Many left the area during the Taliban’s rule in Afghanistan, coming back after the US-led invasion following the 9/11 attacks. Samiullah Wazir, a shopkeeper in the area, told AFP he would regularly see a convoy of four or five SUVs with blacked-out windows leave the compound early in the morning and return after sunset. “We thought that somebody very important must be living in this house,” Wazir said. “One day, I saw a man wearing a white shawl entering the house and I thought he looked like Hakimullah, but I thought ‘How can he live here because he could be easily hit by a drone strike?’” But Hakimullah it was and on Friday he returned to his compound for the final time. “We were closing the shop when his vehicle came and was about to enter the house when a missile struck it,” Wazir said. “Moments later, an army of Taliban came and they cordoned off the area.”


PAKISTAN

NOVEMBER 8, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P13

Kayani Lauds Rangers, Police for Restoring Peace in Karachi

Karachi: Pakistan Army Chief Gen-

eral Ashfaq Pervez Kayani has lauded the efforts of Rangers and Police in bringing back peace in Karachi, said a statement issued by Sindh Rangers on Monday. Karachi, the largest metropolitan city and economic capital of Pakistan, is riddled with targeted killings, gang wars, kidnappings for ransom, extortion and terrorism. Targeted operations led by Rangers with the support of Police are ongoing in the city under a directive issued by the federal government against criminals identified by federal, military and civilian agencies. The statement came on Monday after the visit of the COAS to the Headquarters Pakistan Rangers Sindh where he was received by DG Rangers Sindh, Maj-Gen Rizwan Akhtar and introduced to sector commanders and senior staff officers. Gen Kayani was given a detailed briefing on the operational and administrative aspects of Pakistan Rangers Sindh with special

COAS General Ashfaq Pervez Kayani with DG Rangers Sindh Maj-Gen Rizwan Akhtar and Corps Commander Lt-Gen Muhammad Ijaz Chaudhry during his visist to the Rangers HQ in Karachi on Monday

reference to the current operation against criminals and anti-social elements in Karachi. Appreciating its efforts, he hoped the paramilitary force will live up to its “rich tradition of bravery and sheer professionalism and will surely bring back peace and ex-

Karachi Killings ‘Conspiracy’ to Fan Sectarianism: Police Chief

Karachi: Karachi police chief Sha-

hid Hayat Tuesday said a “conspiracy is being hatched to fan SunniShia clashes in the city” as gunmen shot dead five Sunni Muslims a day after six minority Shias were killed in the financial hub of Pakistan. “We have identified the shooters and will arrest the killers within a couple of days,” Hayat told a delegation of local businessmen. Police said the five, killed on Tuesday, belonged to the conservative Deobandi movement and were probably members of sympathizers of banned extremist outfits. “Apparently they were targeted because of their sect,” senior police officer Muneer Shaikh told AFP. The shootings took place in different areas of Karachi, Shaikh said, but declined to comment on whether they were revenge killings following the murders of the Shias on Monday. Officials said the victims were two clerics, a prayer caller and two activists of Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat (ASWJ), a Sunni sectarian group. At least five Shia Muslims, including two doctors, were shot dead on Monday, while another Shia Muslim who was injured in an attack on a shop also died Tuesday morning, hospital officials said. Security would be further tightened in the month of Mu-

harram, they said. Karachi, a city of 18 million people which contributes 42 per cent of Pakistan’s GDP, is rife with murder and kidnappings and has been plagued for years by ethnic, sectarian and political violence. Meanwhile, Inspector General of Police (IGP) Sindh Shahid Nadeem Baloch has taken notice of the recent killings. A police statement said that he has sought a detailed report from the Additional IGP Karachi on case to case basis. Responding to a question, the IGP Sindh said the police were alert to possible reaction to the recent killing of Pakistani Taliban chief Hakimullah Mehsud.

NAB to Summon Gilani in Ogra Case Islamabad: The National Ac-

countability Bureau has completed investigation into the Rs82 billion Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority scam and has decided to summon former prime minister Yousuf Raza Gilani in another case relating to illegal appointment of former Ogra chief Tauqeer Sadiq, according to sources. The Rawalpindi-Islamabad office of NAB has completed the probe into the alleged corruption in Ogra and sent it to the Bureau’s headquarters for a final review at its executive broad meeting. NAB Chairman Qamar Zaman Chaudhry is expected to sign a supplementary reference in two weeks against the former prime minister Raja Pervez Ashraf in the rental power projects (RPP) scam and the Rs82 billion Ogra case.

emplary law and order in the city.” He also appreciated achievements of Karachi Police during the current targeted operation. Corps Commander Lt-Gen Muhammad Ijaz Chaudhry accompanied the chief of army staff during the visit.

From APML to MQM: Barrister Saif Gets Warm Welcome at Nine Zero

Musharraf Moves One Step Closer to Freedom Islamabad: Adiala Jail authorities have formally released the country’s former military strongman General (retd) Pervez Musharraf from his subjail. He was imprisoned in his Chak Shehzad farmhouse near Islamabad which was declared a sub-jail. The former President was released from the sub-jail after he submitted two surety bonds of Rs100,000, two days after being granted bail in the murder case of Lal Masjid cleric Abdul Rasheed Ghazi. Ahmed Raza Kasuri, senior lawyer and counsel for the former ruler, said that Musharraf ’s release was not part of any deal and the ex-president would address a “historic press conference” after his release from the sub-jail. He claimed that fake cases were fabricated against his client. Earlier, Pervez Musharraf was granted bail in the murder cases of Akbar Bugti and Benazir Bhutto. The former president’s name still remains on the Exit Control List and he will require the government’s permission to leave the country. A trial court on Monday granted former president Pervez Musharraf his request for bail in connection with the murder of a cleric from the Lal Masjid, Express News reported. The court set Musharraf ’s bail at two surety bonds of 0.1 million rupees each, after considering new video evidence presented today. “The court has granted him bail,” Afshan Adil, a member of Musharraf ’s legal team, told reporters. “Musharraf will not leave the country and will face

all the cases.” She also said that the money would be paid on November 5. Musharraf is still on the Exit Control List but he can freely move within the country. Musharraf was arrested on October 10 on the order of Islamabad High Court (IHC) over the alleged murder of the deputy cleric of Lal Masjid, Abdul Rasheed Ghazi and his mother during a military operation in 2007. The ex-president had filed an application before the Additional District and Sessions Court and sought bail in the case. During the course of hearing on October 30, attorneys from both the sides completed their arguments and judgment was reserved till November 1. General Musharraf ’s counsel, Ilyas Siddiqui, had maintained that his client was wrongly implicated in the case as the First Information Report (FIR) was based on mala fide intentions.

Man Claims He Told US in 2003 about Osama’s Hideout Detroit: An American businessman

Karachi: One-time close aide of former president Pervez Musharraf, Barrister Saif Ali Khan officially joined the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) on Sunday, Express News reported. The former All Pakistan Muslim League (APML) leader received an exuberant welcome on his arrival at the MQM headquarters Nine Zero in Karachi. MQM’s Raabta Committee later formally proclaimed his inclusion in the party at a press conference. On the occasion, MQM leader Farooq Sattar said that Barrister Saif shared the same vision as the MQM and had always “played the best innings on the most difficult pitches”. Sattar said the party welcomed Saif with open arms. The barrister himself said that anyone with a substantial knowhow of Pakistan’s internal politics understood that there was no party better than the MQM at tackling the intricacies of politics while always projecting the interests of the middle class. Saif thanked the MQM leaders for welcoming him into the party. Earlier in 2013, Saif had resigned from the office of APML Secretary General after developing differences with its leadership. Criticizing the party, he had said Musharraf ’s APML was being run by nonpolitical persons and former military aides.

www.PakistanLink.com

claims that he told federal investigators the location of Osama bin Laden’s compound in Pakistan years before his killing and is seeking a $25 million reward. A letter obtained on Friday by The Associated Press from a Chicago-based law firm representing Tom Lee says the 63-year-old gem merchant reported the location of Al Qaeda leader’s compound in Abbottabad in 2003. The letter sent by the Loevy & Loevy law firm to FBI Director James Comey in August claims a Pakistani intelligence agent told Lee that he escorted Osama bin Laden and his family from Peshawar to Abbottabad. According to the letter, Lee shared the information with customs and FBI agents. Lee reported that the Pakistani agent “was a member of a family that Mr Lee had done business with for decades”, the letter said, and the agent and his family opposed the Al Qaeda chief. A request to speak to Lee and Michael Kanovitz, the attorney who signed the letter, was made to the law firm. The FBI didn’t immediately comment. Bin Laden was killed in May 2011 during a Navy SEAL raid. US officials have said the Abbottabad house wasn’t built until 2005, and Pakistani officials have said they believe he moved there in the summer of that year. The letter said Lee made “numerous attempts” to claim his re-

ward but received no response. “Mr Lee precisely identified the whereabouts of the most notorious terrorist of our era, a man responsible for the World Trade Center attacks, the most devastating act of terror committed on American soil, and numerous other assaults on Americans,” the letter said. Lee told The Grand Rapids Press in an email on Friday that he couldn’t understand why the government waited to act. “It disturbs me, and it should disturb every American, that I told them exactly where bin Laden was in 2003, and they let him live another eight years,” he said in the email. Bin Laden had slipped away from US forces in the Afghan mountains of Tora Bora in 2001, and the CIA believed he had taken shelter in the tribal areas of Pakistan. The US was eventually able to find him by tracing his courier, Ibrahim al-Kuwaiti. One of Osama bin Laden’s wives told Pakistani investigators that she moved to the Abbottabad home in 2006 and never left the top floors. MINISTER FROM P15

press conference. Muzaffar, who is also the chairman of the Karachi Water and Sewerage Board, has been working against unlicensed water hydrants in the city for siphoning off water illegally and his efforts against these elements were gaining steam in recent days.


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NOVEMBER 8, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P15

Speaker Defends ‘Right’ to Arrange Weddings at Sindh Assembly

Karachi:

The Sindh Assemby speaker, Agha Siraj Durrani, has insisted he has the power and authority to hold wedding functions inside the Sindh Assembly building. A day after news channels flashed breaking news of his nephew’s wedding taking place in the premises of the assembly building, Durrani was quick to defend himself. “This is not an actual issue but the media has started a campaign against me,” he told the media after Monday’s Sindh Assembly session. “I, being a speaker, can arrange a party on the premises of the assembly.” He invited reporters to his office to look at the books when they asked him which law allowed him to arrange private functions. Earlier, Pakistan Muslim League–Functional’s (PML-F) Nusrat Seher Abbasi raised this issue on the Sindh Assembly floor, where information minister Sharjeel Memon responded: “The PML-F was a coalition partner of former dictator General Musharraf, who used to hold dance parties inside the President House.” During Monday’s session, a majority of the lawmakers claimed that the Hyderabad police had been patronizing criminals, turning the second largest city of Sindh into a safe haven for the lawbreakers. Discussing the adjournment motion MPA Naila Munir felt Karachi’s terrorists and extortionists have found safe abodes in Hyderabad. “The government should initiate a crackdown not only against these criminals but also senior police officials, who have links with these suspects,” said Munir. Despite objections raised by

Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) members over the admissibility of the motion, speaker Durrani gave the lawmakers two hours to discuss Hyderabad. MQM’s Rana Ansar shared how the dacoits made her family hostage in Hyderabad, tortured her and looted all her valuables. “Hyderabad is not only rich with local culture and tradition but was famous because of its fresh air and sweet water. Now the criminals have polluted this city with guns and bullets.”

Sindh Minister Owais Muzaffar Resigns

Karachi: In an unexpected devel-

opment, the Sindh Local Government Minister Owais Muzaffar has resigned, Express News reported. According to a Chief Minister House spokesperson, Muzaffar cited personal and health issues as reasons for his resignation. The resignation has been sent to Sindh Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah, but no decision has been taken on it so far. Express News correspondent GM Jamali reported that a meeting chaired by the Sindh Chief Minister is currently underway at the CM House in Karachi to deliberate over Muzaffar’s resignation. According to the Express News Karachi Bureau Chief Aslam Khan the news about Muzaffar’s resignation came shortly after the local government minister briefed the media about plans for an extensive crackdown on the tanker mafia and illegal hydrants in the city. He seemed to be in a jovial mood during the

MINISTER, P13

Fareeda Khanum Steals the Show at Khayal Festival

Islamabad Approaches World Bank to Finance 4320 MW Dasu Dam Islamabad: Pakistan has put the

Lahore: Renowned ghazal singer Fareeda Khanum made a rare public appearance this weekend at the Khayal Festival of Arts and Literature for an interactive, candid discussion with the audience. Moderated by author and singer Ali Sethi, the panel also included ghazal singer Ustad Ghulam Ali. A student of classical music, Sethi did a commendable job of delving into a deep conversation with Khanum, while highlighting her work. However, it was the graceful Khanum who took all the glory as members of the audience applauded her from start to finish. Born in Calcutta and raised in Amritsar, Khanum trained in classical music at a young age. She belonged to a family that hummed music day and night. Her elder sister Mukhtar Begum was one of the most prominent singers and actors during the pre-partition era and her younger sister Naseem Begum was a popular playback singer in Pakistani cinema. Over time, Khanum’s singing developed a unique following as she brought the works of Pakistan’s many great poets to life. “I wanted to study and do other things in life, but I was lucky to have great ustads. They made me work hard and sing for hours every day. There was a lot of sac KHANUM, P29

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Diamer Bhasha dam on the back burner and approached the World Bank (WB) to finance the $7.5 billion, 4,320-megawatt (MW) Dasu hydropower project thus conceding to a major demand by international lenders who were reluctant to fund the Diamer Bhasha project. The federal government wrote last month to the Washington-based lending agency to start the process for the approval of a $700 million loan for the Dasu hydropower project, according to sources in the Ministry of Finance. The letter was sent to the WB by the Economic Affairs Division (EAD), marking the beginning of a departure from the current government’s stated policy of first building Diamer Bhasha and then starting work on Dasu. An official of the EAD confirmed that the government approached the WB to finance the project. As the WB was more than willing to finance the Dasu project as against the 4,500-MW Diamer Bhasha Dam, it immediately started the process and an appraisal mission of the WB is already in town, according to sources in Water and Power Development Authority (Wapda). The mission will hold wrap-up meetings in Islamabad this week and decide a date for presenting the project for approval of the Board of Directors of the WB. The WB loan is for the upfront

cost of the project, compensation for the affected population, resettlement plans and pre-construction activities, the sources said. Usually, such activities are funded through domestic resources as these activities have low or no rate of return at all. This highlights the WB’s eagerness to fund the Dasu project at the expense of Diamer Bhasha. The site of Dasu power project is 74 kilometers (km) downstream of the Diamer Bhasha dam and 350 km from Islamabad. The feasibility study and detailed engineering designs of the project have already been completed and tender documents are ready to be issued, the sources said. Over the past several years, the WB kept on refusing to finance the Diamer Bhasha dam, requesting a noobjection certificate from India first. After the WB’s refusal, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) too attached many conditions, including seeking a consensus resolution from the Council of Common Interests before asking for loan for the $14 billion Diamer Bhasha dam. Recently the ADB raised resettlement and environmental issues resulting from the construction of the dam. The WB country office confirmed that the work on approving the loan for Dasu project was underway. The international lenders were of the view that it would be difficult for them to finance the Diamer project due to the huge financing required.


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COMMUNITY

NOVEMBER 8, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P19

Community Link Friday, November 8, 2013

VOL. 23/45 PAGE 20

PAGE PAGE 30 17

PAGE 21 egum PAGE

Pakistani-American Founder ’s Chegg Files for IPO

5 Muharram 1435 H

World’s Top 10 Intellectuals Are Muslims

Legendary Folk Singer Reshma Passes away

For news, updated round the clock, visit

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MGYW’s 2013 Annual Banquet: It’s All about Empowerment

MGYW reaches all four provinces of Pakistan by collaborating with renowned NGOs and respected local community residents. These reputable organizations have a network of over 22,000 students - with a majority of female enrollment

n By Farhana Mohamed, MBA, PhD Pictures by Anwar Khawaja & Ruby Faruqi

S

ince 2000, MGYW (Pakistani American Forum - Merit Grants for Young Women) has been successfully providing educational opportunities to young Pakistani women belonging to families making $2 to $3 per day and residing in urban slums or remote rural areas. In Pakistan, only 75% (81% of boys and 67% of girls) are enrolled in primary schools; whereas, the global average is 90%. Overall, gender literacy gap is as high as 30% and MGYW is striving to fill this gap. Thousands of girls have benefited from MGYW’s focused approach with several girls graduating from school and college and are now gainfully employed. MGYW does not build new schools but reaches all four provinces of Pakistan by collaborating with re-

nowned NGOs and respected local community residents. These reputable organizations have a network of over 22,000 students - with a majority of female enrollment. MGYW’s 1013 annual fundraising banquet was held at the Knott’s Berry Farm Resort Hotel in Southern California. The program was emceed by Raeesa Tarr and Yumnah Syed, two promising young emerging leaders with active involvement with local non-profit youth-oriented organizations. The program started with an opening statement by MGYW Board President Iram Iqbal followed by young Farhan Kamdar conducting impressive Qur’anic recitation with English translation. Chief Guest, Consul Dr Khalid Ejaz, highlighted the importance of education of girls and Pakistani government’s efforts in improving literacy and spreading education despite limited resources and many challenges. He went over MGYW’s mission and

commended the Board Members for bringing positive changes to many young women’s lives. He added that MGYW and other NGOs are playing an important role in uplifting the status of education in Pakistan and filling the gap left due to limited government resources. The keynote speaker, Dr Sana U. Khan, an accomplished radiologist and a respected philanthropist, eloquently described how (Bibi) Hajar, a highly revered figure in Islam, singlehandedly and courageously struggled to raise Ismail - son of Prophet Ibrahim and great grandfather of Prophet Mohammed (PBUH). Dr. Sana Khan thus correlated the role of enlightened mothers in raising their children and the importance of education in preparing young women for a lead role in nurturing their families as well as pursuing their careers, if necessary. Both Dr Ejaz and Dr Sana Khan urged the guests to donate generously in support of MGYW’s mission and goals. These speeches were followed

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by Dr Farhana Mohamed’s presentation highlighting MGYW’s mission, accomplishments, and new projects undertaken during the preceding year. Some of the significant projects which she described included Haripur Transportation, Sagri District Graduation Incentive, Karachi Gift Pack, and Laboratory/Library setup at Hamida Shaukat Ali Girls High School, Kot Shera, Punjab. The fundraising segment was conducted by Shaista Khan, Dr Bina Kamdar, and Shaheen Awan. They successfully and passionately motivated the guests who made generous donations toward various MGYW projects spread throughout Pakistan’s four provinces. The event also included silent and live auction of variety of items spearheaded by Bina Kamdar, Abida Ahmed, Shaheen Awan, Tasneem Afzal, and Sufia Altaf. The auctioned items included selective outfits, jewelry, paintings, and gift certificates donated by local businesses, individuals, and the MGYW

Board. The musical entertainment was comprised of vocal renditions by accomplished young Amit Pujari and Rahis Khan with famed Suresh Kumar performing on tabla. Amit is a talented professionally trained vocalist in ghazals and oldies; whereas, Rahis and Suresh entertained the crowd with popular songs until midnight. The program was memorable in all aspects and the MGYW Board Members who put tremendous effort included Abida Ahmed, Tasneem Afzal, Sufia Altaf, Shaheen Awan, Iram Iqbal, Bina Kamdar, Shaista Khan, Farhana Mohamed, and Zille Huma Zaman. The Board is profoundly grateful to the event sponsors (Pakistan Link, Safeer-e-Pakistan, Infinity Care, and Islamic Relief USA), generous donors and volunteers for their support. The Link readers are requested to visit MGYW website (www.mgyw.org) and on the Facebook (www.facebook.com/ pafmgyw) for more details and feedback.


COMMUNITY

P20 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 8, 2013

Denial of Rights and Duplicity Inflame Militancy: Mowahid

Mowahid Shah giving his keynote talk at The Discussion Forum in the Washington, DC area, flanked (R) by Dr Zulfiqar Kazmi and (L) by Mr Jamal Baluch. On right, a section of the audience

Washington, DC: The continuing denial of UN-pledged rights to the people of occupied Kashmir and Palestine and international duplicity on issues affecting lives of people in the Middle East constitute core causes of world unrest, argued Mowahid Hussain Shah, the first Pakistani national admitted to practice before the US Supreme Court, who also happens to be a regular columnist of Pakistan Link.

Speaking at an event before a well-attended sitting of a cross-section of community notables, hosted by the Washington-based Discussion Forum, Mowahid singled out world powers’ apathy to the plight and sufferings of the people of Jammu and Kashmir and Palestine, and attempts to equate their legitimate struggle with terrorism as examples of duplicity.

Pakistani-American Founder Osman Rashid’s Chegg Files for IPO

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n By Riaz Haq CA

ook rental companies like Silicon Valley based Chegg, founded by PakistaniAmericanOsman Rashid and Indian-American Aayush Phumbhra, are helping American college students deal with rising textbook costs. Their business is inspired by Netflix movie rental business. Other major contenders in this space are Bookrenter, Textbooks. com, eCampus, BookByte, Direct Textbooks, Student Book Trades and Textbook Recycling. Osman Rashid is the son of a Pakistani diplomat. He was born in London and raised in Islamabad. He came to the United States from Pakistan in 1990s to study electrical engineering at University of Minnesota and earned a BSEE there.

Rashid is a serial entrepreneur who has founded four companies so far. He left Chegg in 2010 to start his current gig as CEO at Kno which he also founded along with fellow Pakistani-American Babur Habib. Habib has a BSEE from University of Minnesota, MS from Stanford and PhD from Princeton. He serves as CTO at Kno. The Silicon Valley-based company offers electronic textbooks and associated software for K-12 and college courses. It is backed by Intel, Goldman Sachs and Netscape founder Mark Andreeson’s VC firm Andreeson Horowitz. In its filing for initial public offering, Chegg says it plans to raise nearly $200 million by offering its stock for sale at $9.50 to $11.50 a share. At the midpoint of the range, that would value Chegg at nearly a billion dollars. The name Chegg combines chicken and egg. It rents textbooks for a semester at a time at about 50% off the retail price. It has 180,000 titles in its catalog. It also offers more than 100,000 electronic textbooks and has rolled out offerings like helping high school students find colleges and scholarships, according to New York Times. Like its competitors, Chegg offers book return guarantees and shipping speed. Chegg is a selling point for your own books as well as textbook rentals at low prices. What differentiates Chegg is that it offers course reviews and grade distributions as well as homework help for selected courses. Along with first hand reviews of a course, you get a detailed schedule of the books you need for it. Chegg claims it now reaches about 30 percent of all college students in the United States and 40 percent of college-bound high school seniors.

Mowahid, the author of the acclaimed book, “Will & Skill”, focusing on the tensions roiling Western-Muslim world relations, explained that the unresolved disputes have two main implications for world peace. On the one hand, these festering conflicts fuel militancy, and on the other hand, occupying states exert unrestrained powers to inflict carnage on human lives.

“The situation is further inflamed by the fact when parts of intelligentsia, think tanks and the media focus on individual and group terrorism but close their eyes to state terror,” he stated, while citing a systematic pattern of well-documented atrocities committed by Indian forces in Occupied Jammu and Kashmir. Mowahid said a moral responsibility rests on political leaders and

thinking circles to rise above dictates of vested interests and correct the distorted international narrative and energize international forums to factually spotlight the blatant subjugation of the people of Kashmir and Palestine. It is therefore imperative, he concluded, that civil society not succumb to a defeatist mindset and step up to contest challenges posed by tyranny and injustice.

Sectarian Divide Has No Place at Hajj

Fulfilling the pilgrimage to Mecca, Hajj, is an obligation upon every financially- and physically-abled Muslim, says an MPAC message. It adds:The experience is meant to be a test of patience, endurance, unity in diversity and will to remain in a spiritual state of being while away from life’s comforts. Tragically, a group of American Muslims experienced an ugly betrayal of the sacred values associated with this once-ina-lifetime journey of faith. During the Hajj which just took place, a group of American Muslims from Michigan were physically attacked and threatened with death because they were Shia. One of the members of the group was choked and women in the group were threatened with rape, according to people who witnessed the attack. The members of the group say Saudi authorities did not take their complaints seriously and deleted a video one of them had made of the incident. According to many news reports, the Americans were attacked by a group of Lebanese Australians.

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Their attackers allegedly identified themselves as Salafis, a more conservative strand of Islam mainly exported from Saudi Arabia. Regardless of the identity of the perpetrators, the blatant disregard for the equal rights and dignity of all pilgrims was grossly violated. Unfortunately, this is not an isolated incident. Such verbal and physical attacks have been reported taking place during previous years’ pilgrimages as well. The US State Department has commented that they “are concerned by reports that a group of US citizens was attacked … at a campsite for hajj [sic] pilgrims located outside of Mecca. We take these reports seriously and are committed to the protection of US citizens traveling and residing abroad.” Though Saudi Arabia and its Hajj and Interior ministries have confirmed they are investigating the incident, such investigations tend to fizzle when media attention recedes. The investigation should extend beyond getting the facts of what happened and further focus

on how to stop this from happening again. In a letter to the State Department this week, the Muslim Public Affairs Council urged US officials to apprehend the perpetrators of this attack. “The State Department is responsible for the safety of American citizens traveling abroad, and must demand that its allies take threats seriously. MPAC condemns the brutality that occurred at this year’s hajj. During the hajj period, peace and a focus on God should be at the forefront of pilgrims’ minds. Such a heinous display of aggression must be dealt with swiftly by the Saudis, who are responsible for the safety of all pilgrims.” The rights of minorities should always be protected, regardless of the time and place. It’s time safety is realized when all Muslims perform the rites and rituals of their faith. Please take a moment to post this article on your social media channels and also send a note to the State Department urging them to take action.


COMMUNITY

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NOVEMBER 8, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P21

Ali Taj Wins Election for Artesia City Council

li Sajjad Taj, a well-known and prominent figure in the Pakistani-American community, created history on Tuesday when he won the Artesia City Council election trouncing longtime incumbent ‘iconic City Councilman John Lyon’ by less than 1/2 of a percentage point. His victory conveys an inspirational message and could serve as a catalyst for the success of other members of the community that aspire for a political office in mainstream America. His success marks the success of the South Asian community in the Southland.

Taj, a first time candidate for public office, and someone few longtime residents in Artesia had ever heard of less than three months ago, took his grassroots campaign directly to the voters of Artesia by conducting an aggressive effort to “spend time and get to hear what is really on the minds of the residents of Artesia.” Taj, who is a professional financial consultant to large corporations, is one of the two outside city council challengers in Artesia and Hawaiian Gardens that have reshaped the political landscape here in Southeast Los Angeles County by capturing dramatic wins in Tuesday’s Consolidated Election. Taj told Hews Media Group-Community Newspapers that he had “walked and canvassed” the entire City of Artesia “at least twice, if not three times.” “The community wants at least one independent voice on the city council.” Incumbent Mayor Sally Zuniga Flowers and Councilman Victor Manalo also scored reelection wins on Tuesday with Flowers earning top vote. Challenger Melissa Ramosa, who works for a California State Senator and Businessman Manu Patel finished behind Lyon. Taj is a highly popular Pakistani American. He enjoyed the trust and support of an overwhelming majority of voters. Not all of them were of Pakistani origin. Indeed: the strength of Pakistani supporters was restricted to a miniscule figure of 13 registerd voters of Pakistani descent, and the non-Pakistanis in the constituency overwhelmingly voted for Taj to ensure his victory. The Pakistani American was one of six candidates vying for a seat on the council. According to a pre-election report by Monica Luhar, Staff Reporter India West “Artesia Council hopeful Ali Sajjad Taj backs small business.” Monica wrote: Ali Sajjad Taj is vying for a city council seat in Artesia under the campaign slogan, “Going back to basics,” which describes his vision to boost infrastructure and support small business in this diverse city in Southern California. Pioneer Blvd (in Artesia, California) is centered around small businesses. Many of the business owners are from South India and other parts of the SubContinent. Taj said that he hopes to encourage fast-food restaurants and other small businesses to locate in Artesia to encourage residents to dine and shop in the city. He felt that here is a stark difference between the north and south parts of the city. He wants both sections of the city to share equally in resources, such as street lighting, roads, trees, sidewalks and public safety. “My vision is to have Artesia look and feel aesthetically and infrastructure-wise, the same. If the north

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part of Artesia has a Ralphs (supermarket), but the south part doesn’t — my goal is to bring revenue through similar business to that area also,” Taj said that $2 million is expected to be allocated to support businesses on Pioneer Blvd. Besides infrastructure and small business, Taj focused his

Taj is a highly popular Pakistani American. He enjoyed the trust and support of an overwhelming majority of voters. Not all of them were of Pakistani origin. Indeed, the strength of Pakistani supporters was restricted to a miniscule figure of 13 registerd voters of Pakistani descent in his constituency but the non-Pakistanis overwhelmingly voted for Taj to ensure his victory campaign on public safety, programs for youth and seniors, cutting wasteful government spending and engaging citizens more in government. The city doesn’t have a police station, so crime is handled by a station in Lakewood, Calif., which has contracts with five other cities, including Artesia. Taj hopes to work to establish a substation in Artesia.“We really have to go to Lakewood,

not even a nearby city. My goal is to bring a substation. That would really help the citizens of Artesia and help with public safety, increase patrolling and send out a message,” During weekends the Little India area of Artesia is crowded with tourists and customers. Despite newly installed meters, visitors frequently park in residential areas parallel to Pioneer Blvd., angering residents. Taj said that about 40 percent of parking stalls remain unused. He said one solution is to issue parking permits to neighborhood residents. ABOUT ALI TAJ: Taj has a BA in Economics and Statistics. He completed his Master’s in Public Administration with emphasis in Marketing. In addition, he acquired FINRA (Financial Industry Regulatory Authority) Licenses Series 4, Series 7, Series 24, Series 51 and Series 66. He has a license for the State of California for Life and Health. He has been with Financial Services Industry for the last 12 years. During his career he has held several important and key positions with multinational firms like American Express, Ameriprise Financial, Weddell & Reed and T.D. Ameritrade. He has worked as Financial Planner, District Manager, Regional Manager, Managing Principal, and Vice President Positions. A defining moment in Ali Sajjad’s career was when he began his first leadership role as District Manager with American Express in 2002 and later as Vice President for Ameriprise Financial. It was then that he realized that it wasn’t about him and what he could do. What really mattered was how he could influence his team and bring about results through others. His region continued to rank top in the country under his strong leadership. He has successfully turned around the Central California Region for Weddell & Reed in a short time as the Managing Principal. He managed, an asset size, close to a billion dollars at TD Ameritrade and advised his clients. Ali Sajjad continues to be a proponent of mentoring relationships and has been known to take on anywhere from two to ten mentees at any given time. He also still maintains a mentor himself at all times, as he believes you should never stop developing yourself as a leader. Also an avid reader, he enjoys everything from crime dramas to historical fiction to biographies. Among his favorites are books about Harry Truman who once said, “Not all readers are leaders, but all leaders are readers.” Despite his unquestioned success, Taj remains humble about his accomplishments. He maintains that it’s important to keep the right perspective, something he has strived to instill in his son. He often reminds him, as well as his colleagues, of a story from one of his favorite books, “The Noticer”. The author says that life is a lot like a game of Monopoly: you may own Boardwalk and Park Place with two hotels but, when the game is over, all those pieces are going back in the box. Without doubt, it was his hard work and desire to excel that got him off to a great start in his career. It was his vision and courage that moved him up the ladder. Today, it is his warmth, passion, strong leadership skills and a profound financial planning background that will make him a valuable resource for the residents of the City of Artesia.

The Search for New Edison Scholars Begins

f you’re a high school senior planning to major in the STEM fields of science, technology, engineering or mathematics in college, you may be eligible for one of several scholarships being offered by Edison International (Edison), parent company of Southern California Edison (SCE). The application period for the 2013-14 Edison Scholars Program opened on Oct. 1, 2013 and runs through Jan. 10, 2014.

The $1.2 million program offers 30 scholarships valued at $40,000 each to Southern California high school seniors who either live in, or attend public or private high schools in, SCE’s service area and will be pursuing college studies in the STEM fields. Students from low-income families are especially encouraged to apply. “The Edison Scholars Program is an excellent opportunity for any high school student in our service area who has a 2.8 GPA or better and wants to pursue higher education in the STEM fields,” said Tammy Tumbling, director of Philanthropy and Community Investment for SCE. “At Edison International, 2013 Edison Scholars Line Up for a Picture in Front of Edison International’s Headquarters – This year’s Edison Scholars we realize that higher education is (l-r): Jeff Wettstein, Jasmine Esparza, Chika Okonkwo and Alexander Chan a transformative tool that fuels the

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future. As an energy company, we recognize the skills needed for our future workforce and to help advance our country.” 2013 Edison Scholar Alexander Chan of Rowland Heights is grateful to Edison for the opportunity that the scholarship has provided him to pursue his love of science. “Sometimes I tell my friends, jokingly, that magic shows are merely illusions, and rather, the real magic in our world lies in the study of natural phenomena — physics,” said Chan, who is currently enrolled at UCLA and pursuing a degree in physics. “Prior to applying for the Edison scholarship, I had only known Edison as my local electricity provider. It is truly wonderful to learn about their dedication in philanthropy to their community.” To apply and to get additional eligibility information, please visit: www.scholarsapply.org/edisonscholars. Scholarship recipients will be announced in April 2014 and recipients may also be eligible for summer internships at SCE after completing their second year of college.


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P22 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 8, 2013

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SPORTS SPORTS

Malik, Razzaq Make T20 Return

ABU DABHI: Shoaib Malik and Abdul Razzaq have been recalled in Pakistan's Twenty20 squad for the two-match series against South Africa in the UAE. The selectors left out Asad Ali, Anwar Ali, Haris Sohail, Sarfraz Ahmed and Zulfiqar Babar from the squad that featured in the T20s against Zimbabwe. Malik was part of the squad that played the solitary T20 match during the South Africa tour and played the Champions Trophy in England, but he was dropped from the team for the tours of West Indies and Zimbabwe. In August, he played in the inaugural edition of the Caribbean Premier League and finished as the leading rungetter. Razzaq, 33, has been out of favour since the 2012 T20 World Cup in Sri Lanka following his outburstagainst captain Mohammad Hafeez after which he was fined Rs. 1 lakh and sidelined from the squad. Overall, Razzaq has played 30 T20s during which he has scored 383 runs at a strike rate of 119.68 and has taken 20 wickets. With the return of the two experienced allrounders, the younger players, who had been given chances over the last five months, have been pushed out, with only Sohaib Maqsood and Umar Amin left in the team from the group.

Shoaib Malik and Abdul Razzaq last played together for Pakistan during the World T20 in Sri Lanka.

Umar Akmal, who was added to the one-day squad in the UAE after missing out on the tour to Zimbabwe, has been added to the T20 squad and will take up the role of the wicketkeeper. Zulfiqar Babar was ruled out of selection because of the hand-injury he suffered during the recently conclud-

ed Test series. Squad: Mohammad Hafeez (capt), Nasir Jamshed, Ahmed Shehzad, Umar Akmal (wk), Umar Amin, Shahid Afridi, Sohaib Maqsood, Abdul Razzaq, Sohail Tanvir, Mohammad Irfan, Junaid Khan, Saeed Ajmal, Shoaib Malik, Abdur Rehman. J

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Aisam Hopes to Impress in World Tour Finals

KARACHI: Aisamul Haq Qureshi and his Dutch partner Jean-Julien Rojer began their campaign at the ATP World Tour Finals in London yesterday, losing 6-3, 7-6 to eighth seeds Marcin Matkowski and Mariusz Fyrstenberg in their first round-robin match. The duo qualified as the fifth seeds in the tournament that only features top eight teams in the doubles events and top eight players in the singles competition. Earlier, Aisam had made his debut at the event with India's Rohan Bopanna in 2011. "This is one tournament besides grand slams that I want to play every year," Aisam told The Express Tribune. "It's my second year with Rojer here and the third one for me, so it's an honour and a privilege to play this event. I'm very excited and it is a very proud feeling to be able to qualify for the World Tour Finals for the third year in a row." Aisam and Rojer managed to

qualify for the London Masters despite their defeat in the Paris Masters. "This is the tournament that we work hard for throughout the year so that you can play among the best players in the world. It's gratifying." Meanwhile, Aisam said that his opening match at the O2 Arena in London was disappointing. "We were the better team and it was disappointing to lose the first match," said Aisam. "It was all good and we were leading 3-2 when I slipped and fell badly on the ground. "I think that broke our momentum. Somehow, we lost eight to nine points in a row in the first set and even in the second set we lost after a close tie-break. But we are hopeful of taking wins in our next two round-robin matches." Aisam and Rojer managed to qualify for the London Masters despite their defeat in the Paris Masters. J

Sethi Reinstated as PCB Chief Temporarily ISLAMABAD: A division bench of Islamabad High Court (IHC) Monday issued an interim order and awarded status quo in the pending Intra-court Appeals (ICAs) about the affairs of the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB). In the interim order, the division bench comprising Justice Riaz Ahmad Khan and Justice Noorul Haq N Qureshi has restored PCB chairman Najam Sethi and the interim management committee (IMC). The order passed by the bench says: "Since this court had already passed the order of status quo, therefore, status quo shall remain in field as from the last date of hearing that is October 29, 2013. Learned counsel for the appellant also submitted that though order of status quo has been

passed by this court, yet another order has been passed by the learned single judge, by virtue of which, the PCB has been directed to release an amount of Rs 2.5 million, so in this respect some order may be passed. The status quo order of this court shall include the question regarding release of money as well and for all purposes, the things would remain as they were on October 29, 2013." It is pertinent to mention here that prior to the hearing of the above said ICAs, Justice Shaukat Aziz

Siddiqui Monday accepted an application of PCB chief operating officer (COO) Subhan Ahmad who sought permission from the court to pay Rs 2.5 million to the court's appointed election commissioner Justice (R) Munir A Sheikh. Earlier, Justice Shaukat of the IHC had restrained Sethi and the members of the IMC to perform any function of the affairs of the board on October 29. The same IHC bench had also appointed Justice (R) Munir A Sheikh of the Supreme Court of Pakistan as an election commissioner to hold the PCB elections by third week of November. It remained a matter of great confusion Monday that whether or not Sethi and members of the IMC have

been restored, as the division bench did not clarify the status quo. The lawyers from opposing sides had been interpreting the judgment in their favour. Since the division bench has awarded a stay order regarding the payment to election commissioner Munir Sheikh, so it was perceived overall that the PCB election has been stayed and consequently, the October 29 order of the IHC single bench has been suspended. It is to mention here that no ICA till this time has been filed against

the October 29 order. The division bench of IHC Monday took up five intra-court appeals (ICAs) of the ministry of inter-provincial coordination (IPC), former chairman PCB Zaka Ashraf, PCB, Lahore Cricket Club and Major (R) Ahmad Nadeem Sadal issuing notices to the respondents for next date of hearing that is November 7. All the ICAs were filed either against or in lieu of the July 4 judgment of the IHC single bench. Legal counsel for IPC Asma Jehangir advocate argued before the court that the main writ petition of Major (R) Ahmed Nadeem Saddal was decided on July 4 then how come the single judge heard a civil miscellaneous (CM) application in this matter. The court of single judge has allowed the PCB officials to pay Rs 2.5 million to the election commissioner those who don't have the signing authority, she said. She further argued that on October 29, the division bench had awarded status quo in this matter but it was not in the written order. Due to the fact, the contract of 89 officials of the PCB could not be extended. Pakistan's tour to South Africa was cancelled as the selection committee was disbanded. Advocate Asma prayed to the court to award status quo so that the PCB officials could come back to their positions. The court at that instance conceded that it has ordered for a status quo on October 29 but it could not have been in written due to typographical mistake. Advocate Asma said that the July 4 judgment of the single IHC bench has been a reflection of sue motto whereas the apex Supreme Court has clearly defined the sue motto powers. She said that patron-in-chief PCB, who is prime minister of Pakistan, has powers to formulate policies. The concept of democratic system revolves around the separation of powers. She said that the way government privatises different institutions, the PCB should be judicialised as the judiciary has been interfering into the powers of patron-in-chief. J

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Aisam and Rojer managed to qualify for the London Masters despite their defeat in the Paris Masters.

Bangladesh Aim for T20 Improvement

MIRPUR: This is probably the best time for Bangladesh to begin fixing their horrible Twenty20 record. They have lost six of their last seven matches, and went down to teams like Netherlands and Scotland in recent times. A fast improving team in the ODI format, Bangladesh have not yet adapted to the game's shortest version. New Zealand, on the other hand, are a skilled team in this format and could use it to end their tour of Bangladesh positively, after failing to win a Test and losing the ODIs 03. Led by Kyle Mills, they performed a little better in the final one-dayer, scoring 307 for 5 but were let down

by the bowlers. New Zealand are bolstered by Luke Ronchi in the middle order while Corey Anderson, Jimmy Neesham and Grant Elliott will be expected to pull weight as allrounders. Their pace attack has struggled and so has their solitary spinner in Nathan McCullum. The absence of more quality slow bowlers has been a weakness in these conditions. Bangladesh are in a happy position. They won the ODI series after drawing the Tests and would love to mark their authority in all formats, something they have never done against a higher-ranked side. J

India in Dilemma Over Jadeja Replacement

KOLKATA: India are left gaping at a Ravindra Jadeja-sized hole after a shoulder strain ruled the allrounder out of the two-Test series against West Indies. The race to that spot possibly a No. 6 batsman or a fifth bowler - is a three-way tie between Rohit Sharma, Ajinkya Rahaneand the extra bowler, which is likely to be Amit Mishra. MS Dhoni said on the eve of the match that the absence of Jadeja leaves them struggling to restore the balance of the Test XI, which won 4-0 against Australia earlier this year. Jadeja was a specialist bowler on Indian pitches, and his batting ability down the order gave Dhoni the

confidence to move up to No. 6. Now the team management has a dilemma. "The thing is, whether we want to go with four bowlers, or if we want that fifth one," Dhoni said. "Or do we want someone who can bowl a bit if needed? That is one major decision. The decision is one, but it is divided into three different aspects. "If we go with five bowlers, both of them [Rohit and Rahane] may not play. If we say we need someone who can bowl a bit of offspin, Rohit plays. If we say we go with four specialist bowlers, and if needed we will look for someone else, Ajinkya will play. You'll have to wait and watch." J


COMMENTARY

P24 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 8, 2013 n By Dr Basheer Ahmed Khan

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Garden Grove, CA

he other day I saw a program on PBS about “Playing for Change, Peace Through Music” in which some very nice music was played from all parts of the world. This gave me an understanding of the events taking place in the “liberated” Muslim world with regard to music and musical events.

Music, Islam and Muslims the elite the common man was kept away from every pleasure of life as the command of God, and thus the masses were fed on an extreme, imperialistic and impracticable version of Islam. When the grip of the elite on authority weakened due to their indiscretion, those that were poorly educated in this state version of distorted religion came forward briefly to give a fresh lease of existence to the old hats. This scenario was not specific to history of Muslims alone but with every other religion till the movement of renaissance emerged independent of the religious ethos about two hundred years ago. Now the pendulum has swung to the other side. From the excesses of distorted version of religion mankind is now suffering the pain of irresponsible liberalism in every aspect of life. We are now trying to establish unity, peace and tranquility through music. Hearing is a very powerful tool, and a source of input with huge impact not only for human beings, but also for plants and animals. It has great impact on the emotions of an individual. Nabi SA advised his followers to beautify the recitation of Qur’an with good voice short of singing so that its meaning could inspire them. He himself would listen to Qur’an from Ibn e Masood RA and would say: Ibn e Masood and Abu Musa RA have bequeathed their voice from Dawood AS who had such a good voice that animals and mountains joined him in the praise of their Lord through his Psalms. During the time of Nabi SA poetry and singing and even some sort of crude dancing with Daff was in vogue. Nabi SA did not stop any of it and there are narrations that he SA was a spectator with Aisha RA to some of these performances. With regard to poetry of Hassan bin Sabit RA, Nabi SA is reported to have said that Allah helps Hassan with Rooh ul Qudus (Gabriel AS) in the composition of his poetry. This shows that Islam which Nabi SA taught us had provided a space for some entertainment in the limitation of the resources available at that time. Imam Ghazali RA (450-505 Hijra) in his book Bawarikh Us Samaa has discussed the above aspects of entertainment during Nabi SA time and written: “What has been forbidden in the verse 6 of Chapter 31 of Qur’an as ‘Lahval Hadith’ relates to songs that glorify lies and lewd actions. One that is free of lies and vulgarity is permitted”. He further says, “If someone says that singing is permissible for Fakhirs, he is wrong. Similarly if one says that singing is prohibited, he is wrong. Because he has permitted or prohibited a thing for which there is no sanction in divine law. As there is no injunction in the book of Allah or the tradition

of Nabi SA prohibiting singing and dance, the one who says it is forbidden he is attributing a lie to Allah and whoever attributes a lie to Allah is a Kafir (disbeliever).” He quotes the following verse to support his point: “Allah says: do not make anything permissible or forbidden by the word of your mouth. This is a lie which you fabricate against Allah. Those who fabricate lies in name of Allah will not prosper”. (Ch 16 V 116). Imam Ghazali RA permits the Daff (Tambourine) with Jhanjer (bells). He is critical of those who decry music and dance even in the limitation imposed by Shariah which was in vogue during the time of Nabi SA and which was practiced by some of the righteous Muslims like Junaid RA, Shibli RA, Maaroof Karkhi RA etc. As the modern day musical instruments were not there during the time of Imam Ghazali therefore we

can’t know his opinion about them. The opinion of scholars who forbid even Jhanjer with Daff is quiet obvious on the subject of array of modern musical instruments. Amir Khusrow was the favorite disciple of Nizamuddin Aulia RA. One should read Maulana Ali Mian’s account of Nizamuddin Aulia RA’s fondness for Amir Khusrow in his book Tareekh e Dawat o Azeemath, Vol. 3, to understand it. Invention of Sitar and Tabla, two of the modern day musical instruments, is attributed to Amir Khusrow. He is also said to have separated the musical notes for music which inspires tranquility from the one that excites the baser instincts of sex and violence. Based upon his inspirational notes Amir Khusrow introduced Qawwali and Ghazal into the realm of music about 700 years ago. The fondness of Nizamuddin Aulia for Amir Khusrow, who was the inventor of modern musical instruments, becomes an enigma in the light of his dislike for singing with musical instruments. On the basis of a Hadith of Nabi SA that your body has a right on you, the Sufis permit listening to good poetry in good voice but without musical instruments to give

some rest to the mind of Sufis which wrestles with abstract problems all the time. If Sufis get rest and peace for their mind through the medium of singing within the limits of Sharia, then ordinary people who are confronted with the problems of dayto-day life also need the same rest through songs and music. Imam Ghazali has described in detail how music gives rest to the body and lifts your spirits and takes you to ecstatic heights to make you dance and tear your clothes etc. in his treatise, Bawarikh us Samaa. When music in its primitive form a millennium ago could make one dance to sweet voice and tear his clothes, imagine the effect of modern day musical instruments and the attire of singers on the listener now. Imam Ghazali further writes: Good voice breaks the relation of a person from the realities of the apparent world and prepares him to receive light from the secrets of the hidden world. Music is such a powerful medium that a verse of a lyric and a note of the music have such an effect on a receptive listener that it helps him understand a problem for which he could not find a solution through all his study, contemplation, and dedication. For this reason Imam Ghazali considers Samaa as Mubah for sufis. Many a Sufi make Samaa (hearing to good voice) Mubah for the beginner under the guidance of an accomplished person so that the beginner can be safe from the adverse effect of it on his emotions. As music has got profound effect on human emotions which dictate action, music which excites the baser instincts and incites its listener to commit violence should be avoided. Those generating such type of music must refrain from it. Inspirational music soothes the tensed up mind when heard in its limits, but when we indulge in it excessively it affects our psyche. As music either excites the emotions or soothes them, it causes psychological problems when it is not kept under limits. Those who are not able to keep this pastime in its limits are the ones who get addicted to other substances. The death of so many well known musicians and singers in their young age by the use of these substances is a testimony to this fact. When I was in India a nonMuslim colleague of mine asked me as to why Muslims are so very indifferent to fine arts, especially music and dance. I told him: In a world beset with problems Muslims think that they can’t afford to spend their time enjoying music when they have the arduous task of bringing peace to this world through God consciousness. Muslims have therefore kept this pastime for the future when times are favorable for it. I further

Haq “the most superb and patriotic liar”, they never held Pakistan’s feet to the fire. Why the US failed repeatedly to act when it knew that it was being double-crossed is an area that could have been explored in more detail in the present work. But Mr Haqqani summarises: “Americans have resorted only to halfhearted sanctions. Successive administrations have waited until their last few months in office to deliver the toughest message. By then it is usually too late for RELATIONS FROM P7 geostrategic stars were aligned favorably for threats to be effective.” As the dust settles on Pakistani Prime Pakistan’s junta in the case of the Soviet arrival in Afghanistan, but despite US officials like Minister Nawaz Sharif ’s rather ho-hum General Vernon Walter calling General Ziaul

US visit and the 2014 US drawdown from Afghanistan approaches, the US and Pakistan reach what Mr Haqqani describes in the words of General Douglas Lute as one of the “forks in their relationship”, where one path leads to isolation and the other to a continued partnership. The present work will be of interest to anyone trying to guess or chalk out which route the relationship would or should take. This book is a treasure-trove of past and contemporary history, which dovetails beautifully with Professor Haqqani’s previous work, Pakistan: Between Mosque And Military.

In statecraft, like in clinical medicine, an impeccable history nails the majority of diagnoses. Professor Haqqani makes this job so much easier through this well referenced work delivered in a flawless style. He has provided a reality check in a timely manner without sensationalizing the topic. The former ambassador, an avid Boston Red Sox fan, has clearly had no difficulty in scoring another scholarly home run. (The reviewer can be reached at mazdaki@me.com and he tweets @ mazdaki)

The reemergence of Baghdad Symphony, Celebration in Palestine of Asaf ’s success as Arab Idol, spurt of music groups in Afghanistan, and now audition for Pakistan Idol in the length and breadth of Pakistan led me to write this article. It is essential that Islamic scholars take note of this trend and guide the masses rationally and properly to keep this important pastime of the masses in its limit so that it does not go to extremes because of unclear direction and counterproductive coercion. Islamic scholars are almost united from the very early times that music is neither permissible nor prohibited per se. Music can be good and it can be bad. What is good is permissible and what is bad should be avoided. Issuing edicts against music or burning of music stores etc. to discourage this popular pastime in the hope of weaning Muslims away from songs and music to the ways of piety has proved to be counterproductive and damaging to the image of Islam in recent times. The so-called friends of Islam and Muslims have an uncanny knack of spearheading every losing cause in the name of the defense of Islamic value to take the Muslims on a slippery slope. There is a verse in the Holy Qur’an which says: There are men who pay for playful words (Ch 31 V 6). Quoting a Hadith by Ibne Masood, Ibne Abbas (RA) and others, Ibne Katheer in his exegesis says that Nabi SA has said that playful words meant singing of songs. Based upon this interpretation of playful words (Lehval Hadith), most Muslim scholars have forbidden all music including singing of songs. They think that Muslims’ life must be centered around worship of God and taking care of their families. Few amongst them are conscious of their responsibility to society. Others think that it is OK to enjoy a certain type of music and dance which do not go beyond what was in vogue during the time of the Prophet SA, and they indulge in musical singing and dance in a limited way. In the era of Muslim imperialism after the era of Khulfa e Rashidoon (Righteous Khalifas), the Muslim society was dichotomous. While those in authority indulged in every pleasure, the common man was kept away from it, because somebody had to work for the others to enjoy. That is why while fine art grew with gusto in palaces and castles of TRUST FROM P6

been untrustworthy in the past and a little more about demonstrating that they themselves can be more trustworthy in the future. (The writer has taught international relations and diplomacy at Boston University and at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and was the vice chancellor of LUMS)

The religion which Allah swt has sent through his messengers is correct, but by overemphasizing certain lesser things at the expense of the main message we lose the efficacy of the message which keeps our lives in balance

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told him that music and dance are a form of prayers for you and therefore you have so much devotion for them. As for Muslims they have a different prescribed form of prayer which does for them what music does for you and that is why they are indifferent to music. The situation of Muslims with regard to the subject of fine arts looks awkward because they are heedless to the main job of bringing peace, progress and tranquility to their masses through God consciousness, and are focused too much on one verse and few Ahadeeth about the mainstream pastime. The spurt of interest in music and dance in the “liberated” Muslim world of today is a consequence of this lopsided attitude. It is a fact of life that suppressed urges reemerge with a bang when there is an opportunity for it. The religion which Allah swt has sent through his messengers is correct, but by overemphasizing certain lesser things at the expense of main message we lose the efficacy of the message which keeps our lives in balance. Allah is the creator of everything, good and bad for a test (Ch 21 V35). Allah is the one who gives good voice and the intelligence and material to make scintillating musical instruments. Through it, it is Allah who puts people to test, entertains many and destroys some. Allah has made all people of different ranks (Ch 6 V 132 & 165). Some of the people in their zeal to abolish the diversity which Allah has kept in everything and bring uniformity are creating chaos. Recitation of Qur’an in good voice and dancing with Daff may be an enough emotional stimulus for the Muslims who have understood the message of Islam, but others need something different. To force such people to conform to their standard is not OK in a religion which has forbidden its prophet SA from coercion in belief (Ch 10 V 99). What the Islamic scholars should do is highlight the deleterious effect of the bad form of music and excessive indulgence in the good one and thus recommend a moderate course. This was the way of the Sufis who have experimented enough on the subject to know the fact. What is for the good is also potent for evil applies as much to music as it does to any other thing. When we attempt to curb even the good, then the bad overtakes us with vehemence. In my opinion music was a pastime of the paradise which was introduced into this world to lure people to work for paradise. Unfortunately, Satan is using the same to lure us away from it and some artists are helping him in this effort. Music certainly has the capacity to channel our energies for the good of society, but when it is in the interest of the industry to appeal to the baser instincts of individuals rather than to work for their emotional maturity then music is a bane and not a boon. MYTH FROM P9

snatches away and even tempts people to trade away their freedoms for a few moments of false safety. Pakistani leadership, including the army and civil, is living under fear. The Mongolian tactics are working in Pakistan. There are quite a few ‘cheer-leaders’ of the terrorists in the country. Next door India brought in the best economist of the world, Mr Raghuram Rajan as the new Central Bank governor. The first thing Mr Rajan MYTH, P29


COMMENTARY

n By Dr Qaisar Abbas University of North Texas US

A

s it appears, a silent revolution is brewing in the Pakistani cinema these days. For a change the film industry, which has been sleeping for some time, is waking up slowly with a new generation of young film producers, directors, writers, musicians and actors making its mark.

These filmmakers are exploring untapped territories, bypassing the traditional production and marketing techniques and exploring the subjects never touched by the industry before. By using digital technologies efficiently and utilizing the availability of multiplex movie theaters in major metropolitan centers, they are redefining Pakistani cinema on their own terms. Although a good omen for Pakistani cinema, the new trend also offers a mixed bag of themes and techniques in content and presentational styles. These independently produced films have introduced outstanding productions with serious themes and thought-provoking issues but also include some poorly made movies with low quality productions, sometimes, invoking the lowest common denominator of their audience. Though most are good quality, these movies are good, bad and ugly at the same time. For the internationally acclaimed Iranian film director Mohsen Makhmalbaf, cinema essentially has to be connected with its people and it should be socially responsible for depicting their real issues. He outrightly rejects Hollywood and Bollywood productions

NOVEMBER 8, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P25

A Silent Revolution in Pakistani Cinema

for not reflecting the challenging issues of their societies and serving only corporate interests. New Pakistani movies like Josh (Against the Grain), Lamha (A Moment), Zinda Bhag (Run Alive) and Chambaili (Jasmine) are based on social or psychological strains of the Pakistani society and bring up real life issues to the forefront to let their audience ponder and make sense of the issues raised. Zinda Bhag with its high profile Indian actor, Naseeruddin Shah, who has become an icon of art movies, addresses an outstanding issue related to the Pakistani youth who are trying to find solutions to their problems. A social comedy, the movie conveys the frustrations of three Punjabi youth - Khaldi (Khurram Patras), Chitta (Sulman Ahmed Khan) and Taambi (Zuhaib Asghar) - who go through extreme hardships while trying to leave the country and looking for quick money through shortcuts. Despite the seriousness of the issue, its overall treatment as a light comedy in the first half makes the whole film entertaining for the audience. The second half, however, reveals the sufferings and hard realities the young generation is going through. Josh and Chambaili, as social and political drama, highlight the need for change in the sociopolitical system plagued with corruption, class divisions, feudalism and violence. Josh, directed by Iram Parveen Bilal, reveals the injustices in society with its class-based divisions, feudal brutalities and a profound belief that change is possible. When a school teacher Fatima (Amina Sheikh) tries to find the truth be-

hind the disappearance of her nanny, she exposes the real face of the feudal structure that treats women as a piece of property. Chambaili, signifying a metaphorical reference to the national flower of Pakistan, becomes the name of a new political party looking for a sociocultural transformation in society. Directed by Ismail Jilani, the movie is an outcry for political change through electoral politics. Khalid Ahmed, Salmaan Peerzada, Maira Khan and others in main characters represent the Pakistani youth who are trying to change their environment through nonviolent means. Lamha, on the other hand, is a family drama based on the anxieties of a married couple played by Mohib Mirza and Amina Sheikh. Mansoor Mujahid, the director, skillfully depicts miseries the couple is going through after a family tragedy with nonverbal gestures rather than shouting matches between them, a hallmark of most Pakistani movies. The psychological distance the couple creates between them with a real life human touch represents a creative film making style. Some classic PTV plays have touched the theme but it’s a new subject for the film industry. Two other movies, Ishq Khuda (Love for God) and Main Hoon Shahid Afridi (I am Shahid Afridi, the well-known cricket player) deal with new themes of spirituality and sports drama respectively. Main Hoon Shahid Afridi beats up the already tried theme in some Bollywood and Hollywood movies where an underdog team comes up to the top defying all odds. Here a predictable storyline continues the drama of good and bad teams inserted with

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melodramatic scenes and emotional debates between the two coaches. Ishq Khuda introduces another unexplored theme of spirituality and love to the Pakistani film industry. Here you have two love stories between eleven songs where the hero (played by Shaan Shahid) finally finds his peace in Sufism and spirituality. We don’t know what the director intends to convey but the feature film looks like a docudrama on Sufism and love. Waar (the Strike), on the other hand is a big-budget thriller, trying to give a shocking and unbelievable twist to the ongoing violence and suggests that terrorism is actually a product of Indian-sponsored conspiracies and we are just a captive receiver of violence. The way the army has been positively projected throughout the movie further lends credence to the rumors that the Inter Services Public Relations (ISPR, the publicity wing of the Pakistan Army) has financially sponsored the movie although the director denies this. The story revolves around a retired army major who is determined to fight terrorism in his own way while two Indian spies conspire to plan and launch terrorist activities. Director Bilal Lashari seems to be promoting patriotic (or pseudo-patriotic) sentiments against the arch rival neighboring country floating into a dangerous arena of misguided but intentional motives sponsored by a hidden hand. Shan Shahid in the lead character does justice to his role while others including Meesha Shafi, Ali Azmat, Shamoon Abbasi, and Ayesha Khan’s work is also promising. So far, the movie has been a successful box office hit playing on

emotional sensitivities of the audience. Probably a cheap rebuttal to a number of Bollywood movies made on similar lines portraying Pakistan behind all kinds of violence in India, the dangerous trend further infuriates war mongering between the two countries. The overall discourse of these movies, especially Josh, Zinda Bhag and Chambaili should be seen in continuation with the typical Shoaib Mansoor style of focusing on social issues in a realistically featurized fashion. The trend set by Shoaib with his two movies, Khuda Key Lye (In the Name of God) and Bol (Speak) is refreshing in its thematic focus and creative in its presentation. Films not necessarily have to subscribe to a specific ideological agenda if they are reflecting their true cultural milieu, social and gender inequalities and relationships among the people. Within this context, the emerging Pakistani cinema offers some brilliantly produced movies that address real issues of a society riddled with poverty, corruption and terrorism. The new Pakistani cinema has come a long way from socially irrelevant, fantasy tales to meaningful and dynamic feature films integrated with real issues of real people. Perhaps it’s trying to find its niche in independently produced, meaningful and culturally relevant movies. (Qaisar Abbas is a freelance journalist, political analyst, and researcher based in the United States. With a PhD from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, he is currently working as Assistant Dean at the University of North Texas. Before coming to the US he worked in Pakistan as PTV News Producer and Information Officer in the Government of Punjab. He can be reached at qaabbas@gmail.com)


COMMENTARY

P26 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 8, 2013

IMMIGRATION

The L-1 Visa for Intracompany Transferees

n By Momal S.Iqbal

T

Los Angeles, CA

his article provides general information regarding the L-1 visa category that allows international companies with offices in the US and abroad to temporarily transfer foreign national executives, managers, and those with “specialized knowledge” to the US as “intracompany transferees.” Executives and managers may stay for a maximum of seven years; those with specialized knowledge may stay for up to five years.

The individual coming to the US must have worked for the company abroad, or at a foreign subsidiary, branch, or affiliated company, for one continuous year in the preceding three years. In addition, the foreign company must continue to conduct business during the entire period of time the transferee is in the US. A “subsidiary” relationship will be found if any of the following circumstances exist: (1) one company owns 50 percent or more of the other and controls the other company; (2) one company owns 50 percent or more of a 50/50 joint venture and has equal control and veto power; or (3) one company owns less than 50 percent of the other, but has actual control of it. An “affiliate” relationship exists if the two entities are owned and controlled by a third-party parent company, individual, or the same group of individuals (each of whom owns and controls the same proportion of each entity). A “branch” is an operating division or office of the same organization housed in a different location. When establishing a US company, please ensure that the corporate attorney understands that one of the above-relationships must exist as these terms are defined by immigration regulations, and not by their generic meaning. Employees who qualify for L-1 status include executives, managers, and individuals with “specialized knowledge” of the company’s operations. Each is described below. “Executives” are persons whose duties primarily include: directing the management of the organization or a major component or function in the organization; establishing goals and policies; exercising wide latitude of discretionary decisionmaking authority; and receiving only general supervision from high-

er executives, the board of directors, or the stockholders. “Managers” are those persons whose duties primarily relate to: managing the organization, or a department, component, or function of the organization; supervising and controlling the work of other professional, supervisory or managerial employees, or managing an essential function within the organization; exercising authority to hire and fire or recommend those actions, or functioning at a high level within the corporate hierarchy; and exercising discretion over day-to-day operations of the organization or function. Note that the definition of “manager” may include the management of essential functions within the organization or department of the organization, as opposed to solely the management of personnel. Typically, the executive or manager must “be primarily engaged in a managerial (or executive) function,” and not in performing dayto-day administrative or operational activities that are not managerial or executive in nature. Please note that the government is permitted to consider the number of employees in the petitioning US company, as well as the reasonable needs of the organization, in light of the overall purpose and stage of the development of the organization to determine if a position qualifies as a managerial or executive position, or if there is an actual need for the transferee. “Specialized knowledge” refers to knowledge of the petitioning organization’s product, service, research, equipment, techniques, management, or other interests and its application in international markets, or an advanced level of knowledge or expertise in the organization’s processes and procedures. An individual in a position involving specialized knowledge may not be stationed primarily at the worksite of another employer if the individual will be controlled and supervised principally by the unaffiliated employer or the individual is placed there as part of an arrangement to provide labor for hire for the unaffiliated employer. It is important to note, however, that there are continuing concerns of perceived abuse of the L-1B category, such that USCIS adjudicators may gather information on the total number of L-1B petitions filed by a particular petitioner and may deny an individual L-1B petition after commenting on the volume of specialized workers. If the beneficiary of the L-1 petition is an owner or major stock-

holder of the company, the petition must include evidence that the beneficiary’s services will be for a temporary period and the individual will transfer back abroad upon completion of the temporary stay. A statement to this effect should be made in the company’s letter in support of the petition. New Office: Where the US company will be a “start-up” entity or new office (operating for less than one year in the US ), the petition validity and duration of stay that initially will be granted to a transferee is only one year. There are different requirements for a new office L-1 petition that will be discussed in more detail in a later article. Green Card: After the US business has been operating for more than one year, it is possible to file a petition for permanent resident status for executives or managers who served in an executive or managerial position abroad. Where a company is a “start-up” or new office, we generally recommend that an L-1 extension first be approved, and thereafter a permanent residency petition filed. As a general matter, the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (“USCIS”) looks much more skeptically at cases filed by companies with a gross annual income of less than $10 million, 25 or fewer employees, and that are established within last 10 years, resulting in a significant increase in the requests for evidence on L-1 petitions, particularly in the “specialized knowledge” category. Although requests for evidence have dramatically increased in this non immigrant category, there are many benefits to the L-1 non-immigrant classification. Unlike the H-1B non immigrant classification, there is no quota on the number of L-1s which may be issued every year, therefore an L-1 can be obtained any time of the year. Premium processing, in which the petition will be processed within 15 calendar days, is also available for this type of nonimmigrant classification. In addition, L-1 does not require any specific educational background. L-1 is also considered a “dual intent” non immigrant classification, meaning that you may have an immigrant visa petition (green card) pending, and still have no problem in applying for L-1 extensions. Another advantage is that employers on a tight budget can also be assured that they are not required to pay the worker a specific prevailing wage. After receiving approval of the L-1 petition, the transferee may take the approval notice to a US Consulate or Embassy to obtain an L-1 visa to enter the US Immediate family members (spouse and children under the age of 21) may obtain L-2 visas from the Consulate/Embassy at the same time, or anytime thereafter. After entering the US , the transferees spouse may then apply for work authorization for a period of up to two years, extendable in two-year increments. (Momal S. Iqbal has been practicing immigration law since 2008. Prior to becoming a private immigration attorney, she served as an Assistant Chief Counsel for the US Department of Homeland Security, Immigration and Customs Enforcement)

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Exchange Rates for Currency Notes* Countries

USA S.Arabia UK Japan Euro UAE

Selling Rs. 107.97 28.79 172.48 1.0965 145.84 29.40

Buying Rs. 105.42 28.09 168.40 1.0699 142.39 28.10

(*November 6, 2013)

US VISA AVAILABILITY IN NOVEMBER 2013 For Pakistan, Bangla Desh & India Compiled by Hasan Chishti FAMILY SPONSORED PREFERENCES

Pakistan/Bangla Desh

India

1st Unmarried sons & daughters of U.S. Citizens

Oct., 22, 2006

Oct., 22, 2006

2-A Spouses and unmarried children of permanent residents

Sept., 8, 2013

Sept., 8, 2013

March 22, 2006

March 22,

Feb. 8, 2003

Feb. 8, 2003

August 22, 2001

August 22 ,

2-B Unmarried sons & daughters (21 years of age or older) of permanent residents 2006 3rd Married sons & daughters of U.S. citizens 4th Brothers & sisters of adult U.S citizens 2001 EMPLOYMENT BASED CATEGORY 1st Priority workers 2nd Members of the professions holding advanced degree or persons of exceptional ability 3rd Skilled workers Other workers 4th Certain special immigrants Certain religious workers 5th Employment creation Targeted Employment Areas/ Regional centers Pilot Programs

Current Current Oct. 1, 2010 Oct/ 1, 2010 Current Current Current Current Current

Current June 15, 2008 Sept. 22, 2003 Sept. 22, 2003 Current Current Current Current Current

UNLIMITED FAMILY-BASED Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizens (IR): The spouse, widow(er) and unmarried children under 21 of a U.S. citizen, and the parent of a U.S. citizen who is 21 or older. Returning Residents (SB): Immigrants who lived in the United States previously as lawful permanent residents and are returning to live in the U.S. after a temporary visit of more than one year abroad.


RELIGION

NOVEMBER 8, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P27

Issues and Questions

Zakat, Umra, Settlement Money in Car Accidents n By Dr Muzammil H. Siddiqi

Q

Q. Is it Halal to receive settlement money from a car accident in which one is injured? A. Yes, it is permissible to make claim and to receive settlement money for personal injury or property loss due to auto accidents. One can make a claim against the person who caused the injury or against his/her insurance company. However, it is Haram to make false claims and/or to exaggerate the loss in order to collect more money. A Muslim has to be honest whether dealing with Muslims or non-Muslims. Q. Do I have to pay Zakat on my profit sharing that I have not withdrawn? I have earned this profit sharing for the last five years in certificates, not in the form of money. A. If these certificates are cashable and you have the option to cash them any time, then they are like cash and you have to pay

From the translation by Muhammad Asad (Leopold Weiss) About the translator:

. Is it allowed to give Zakat money to a Muslim who is very poor but is not very religious? He does not offer prayers regularly, nor does he observe fasting in Ramadan. A. Primarily the Zakat is to help the poor and needy Muslims. It can also be given to “those whose hearts are to be reconciled to Islam” (Surah al-Tawbah 9:60) This means that even a non-Muslim can receive some Zakat, if there is a hope that he/she can be guided to the truth of Islam. Similarly, if you think that by giving Zakat, you can win the heart of a misguided Muslim and bring him back to Islam, then Zakat can be given to him. According to some jurists such people also come in the category of “mu’allafutul qulub”. You help him with Zakat and remind him to follow his religion. Perhaps by this good treatment he will come back to Islam. Very often we Muslims give da’wah to others, but we do not take care of their physical and financial needs. Poverty sometimes pushes people to neglect their faith. The Prophet - peace be upon him - called some poverty “an evil that sometime make people forget Allah” (faqran munsiyan, see al-Tirmidhi, Hadith no. 2228). However, we should also be careful in giving Zakat. We should not give Zakat to anyone who may use it to indulge in sins or to rebel against Allah and His deen.

Gems from the Holy Qur’an

Muhammad Asad, Leopold Weiss, was born of Jewish parents in Livow, Austria (later Poland) in 1900, and at the age of 22 made his first visit to the Middle East. He later became an outstanding foreign correspondent for the Franfurter Zeitung, and after years of devoted study became one of the leading Muslim scholars of our age. His translation of the Holy Qur’an is one of the most lucid and well-referenced works in this category, dedicated to li-qawmin yatafakkaroo (people who think).

Zakat on them, provided their value reaches the Nisab of Zakat. You should pay Zakat on them for all the past five years also. The ratio of Zakat will be 2.5%. Q. I have a loan of $115,000 on my home which I am servicing monthly. I have some cash and jewelry worth over $10,000. If I just look at the cash and jewelry, I have to pay Zakat. If I consider the home loan, then I am under a debt of around $110,000. Is Zakat obligatory on me in this situation? A. If you pay off your $10,000 cash towards your loan, then there is no Zakat on you. But if you keep the cash with you and pay a small monthly amount towards your loan, then you have to pay the Zakat on your cash savings. For longterm loans, which require a small payment through installments, only the amount of the monthly or yearly installments can be deducted. Zakat should be paid then on any balance in savings after paying the monthly payments. Q. What is the concept of ‘Umra? How did it start, and what is its purpose? A. The word ‘umrah means visiting or attending. ‘Umra is an act of worship. It is mentioned in the Qur’an. Allah says, “Perform the Hajj and ‘Umra for Allah… (al-Baqarah 2:196) The Prophet peace be upon him - performed the

‘Umra after the treaty of Hudaibiyah and he explained to people how to do it. It is to enter the city of Makkah with Ihram with the intention of ‘Umrah and then to perform Tawaf around the Ka’bah and Sa’y between the mountains of Safa and Marwa. This was the ancient practice from the time of Prophet Ibrahim - peace be upon him. Its purpose is to allow Muslims to visit the city of Makkah during the year whenever possible. It is to keep the Ka’bah visited not only during the Hajj but to keep it visited throughout the year by Muslims. According to Muslim jurists, those who can afford, it is obligatory upon them to make at least one ‘Umra in their life, either with or before Hajj or any other time during the year. Q. My brother used to work in the Middle East. He was very well off then. When he came back to Pakistan, he invested the money he saved, but unfortunately it was all lost because of business failure. He is now working somewhere but has very low income to support his family. Some people say that he is not eligible for Zakat due to the fact that he has his own house and all necessities of life like TV, refrigerator, telephone, etc., at his home. Keep in mind that all this was bought when he was working in the Middle East. Is he eligible for Zakat? Should he sell his household things to support his family? Please advise. A. The Shari’ah has allowed Zakat for the Fuqara’ and Masakin (see Surah al-Tawbah 9:60). According to jurists Fuqara’ are those who do not have any-

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thing and Masakin are those who have some things, but they are not sufficient for their needs. In Surah al-Kahf, Allah called a group of people Masakin (plural of Miskin) although they owned a boat. See al-Kahf 18:79. The Shari’ah also considers the changed conditions of time and place. The needs of people change according to the standards of time and place. The living standards of the people have changed very much now. What was considered a luxury at one time is now a necessity. Thus TV, refrigerator or telephone are now common things in many households. A person is not considered rich if he has these things. Thus if a person has these things, but his income is not sufficient for his basic expenses, he is eligible for Zakat. Q. My question is in regard to women shaving parts of their body, such as the legs and underarms. Clearly these parts of the body are not seen in public, but it may be more pleasurable to the husband and the woman herself if they are maintained. What is the current Islamic ruling on this practice? A. According to several Ahadith of the Prophet - peace be upon him - it is a Sunnah for both men and women to remove the underarms and pubic hairs. As far as removing the hairs from legs are concerned, there is no ruling about it in the Qur’an and Sunnah. The basic thing in matters (other than the acts of worship) is that everything is permissible, unless it is forbidden. If a woman wants to remove the hair from her legs for herself or for her spouse, it is not prohibited for her to do so. But if she does this to show her legs in public, then her sin will be double. Her one sin will be for showing the part of the body that she is forbidden to show and the second sin will be for removing her hair with this wrong intention.

Chapter 2, Al-Baqarah (The Cow), Verse 114 Hence, who could be more wicked than those who bar the mention of God’s name from [any of] His houses of worship and strive for their ruin, [although] they have no right to enter them save in fear of God?1 For them in this world, there is ignominy in store; and for them, in the life to come, awesome suffering. Chapter 2, Verses, Al-Baqarah (The Cow), Verses 115-116 And God’s is the east and the west: and wherever you turn, there is God’s countenance. Behold God is infinite, all knowing. And yet some people assert, “God has taken unto Himself a son!” Limitless is he in his glory!2 Chapter 2, Al-Baqarah (The Cow), Verse 124 And [remember this:] when his Sustainer tried Abraham by [His] commandments and the latter fulfilled them, He said: “Behold, I shall make thee a leader of men”. Abraham asked: “And [wilt thou make leaders] of my offspring as well?” [God] answered: “My covenant does not embrace evilgoers”.3 _________________________ Translator’s Notes 1 It is one of the fundamental principles of Islam that every religion which has belief in God as its focal point must be accorded full respect, however much one may disagree with its particular tenets. Thus, the Muslims are under an obligation to honor and protect any house of worship dedicated to God, whether it be a mosque or a church or a synagogue; and any attempt to prevent the followers of another faith from worshipping God according to their own lights is condemned by the Qur’an as a sacrilege. A striking illustration of this principle is forthcoming from the Prophet’s treatment of the deputation from Christian Najran in the year 10H. They were given free access to the Prophet’s mosque, and with his full consent celebrated their religious rites there, although their adoration of Jesus as “the son of God” and of Mary as “the Mother of God” was fundamentally at variance with Islamic beliefs. 2 I.e., far from any imperfection such as would be implied in the necessity (or logical possibility) of having any “progeny” either in a literal or a metaphorical sense. (In the original text) the expression “subhaana” - applied exclusively to God - connotes His utter remoteness from any imperfection and any similarity, however GEMS, P29


CLASSIFIED & MATRIMONIAL

P28 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 8, 2013

Classified Section Petition of Asma Uraizee and Zaheer Uraizee on Behalf of Hafsa Uraizee Petition of Asma Uraizee and Zaheer Uraizee On Behalf Of Hafsa Uraizee ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME CASE NUMBER: KS017483 TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: Petitioners Asma Uraizee and Zaheer Uraizee On Behalf Of Hafsa Uraizee filed a petition with this court for a decree changing names as follows: Present Name: Hafsa Uraizee Proposed Name: Aaliya Uraizee THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted. Any person objecting to the name changes described above must file a written objection that includes the reasons for the objection at least two court days before the matter is scheduled to be heard and must appear at the hearing to show cause why the petition should not be granted. If no written objection is timely filed, the court may grant the petition without a hearing. NOTICE OF HEARING Date: December 04, 2013 Time: 8:30 am Dept.: G Room: 302 THE ADDRESS OF THE COURT IS: Superior Court of California, County of Los Angeles Superior Court, 400 Civic Center Plaza, Pomona, CA 91766 A copy of this Order to Show Cause shall be published at least once each week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in the following newspaper of general circulation, printed in this county (newspaper): Pakistan Link. DATE: October 15, 2013 Brian M. Hoffstadt Judge of the Superior Court.

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PAKISTAN MYTH FROM P24

did was not to deliver a sermon on what should be done, but present an outline of an ambitious plan to shake up the country’s conservative banking system. He said that banks that receive dollars in foreign-currency accounts from Indians living abroad would now be able to swap those dollars for rupees from the RBI. This would provide banks with rupees funds, and whenever the banks want, they would be able to get the same amount of dollars back from the central bank. Keeping dollars with the central bank would be cheaper than keeping it anywhere. He stalled the 19% fall in the devaluation of the Indian rupee, and he also checked the flight of capital from the country. What I liked most was his statement that India should, as India can, pay off all the IMF loans because loans always come with conditions. Mian Sahib’s government has printed more currency notes than perhaps the previous government did, and has done virtually nothing to check the flight of 25 million dollars per day from the country, or generate more revenues. A scandal relating to the stock exchange shares and leading to the PML (N) quarters is also brewing. Perhaps philosopher Sartre was right when he said, “Existence comes before essence”. A sketch of a knife drawn on a paper does not make it a knife. The nature of a knife is to cut; it exists only if it performs its function. A prime minister or a finance minister exists only if he performs. His existence is to be felt; is to be seen, otherwise he would not exist, neither in essence nor in form. AWARD FROM P10

that people want to educate their children, particularly the girls, and want the education to reflect the will of the people. As in the democratic process the public had to pressure on the politicians. Democracy and education had to work in tandem as in the case of the nomination for Malala which was done by the people and not the government. Boys and girls have to achieve something of value so that it is admired in the world community as well. Awards and prizes could be achieved wherever the school children live. Pakistan must excel in schooling because it is the most admired commodity worldwide, or for that matter, wherever the children live. LAWMAKER FROM P11

“There’s some information recently that concerned us about the safety of our troops. I feel a little better for our troops today than I did before this event happened.” Rogers also said Mehsud had ties to a failed attempt to bomb New York’s Times Square in 2010. He said US intelligence agencies, including the embattled National Security Agency, collect and contribute the kinds of information that make such strikes possible. “We deal with these threats every single day, and they are big, they are real and they affect real people,” Rogers said. KHANUM FROM P15

rifice involved,” said Khanum. During her interaction with the audience, Khanum recalled that it was during the time of Radio Pakistan that her work garnered a lot of attention, as people like Zulfiqar Ali Bukhari provided her a creative environment to work in. In the early ‘50s

NOVEMBER 8, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P29 and ‘60s, Khanum was part of several cultural delegations. She was sent to China, UK and Afghanistan to represent Pakistani music. Her most famous ghazal to date is undoubtedly Aaj Jaane Ki Zidd Na Karo, which reveals her ability to voice emotions through her impeccable singing. Even her contemporaries in the field, such as Ali, seem to recognize her achievements. He said that Khanum is an important figure in classical music and that only certain people like her have the will and passion to explore various sounds. “Sacrifice and hard-work are inherent. You can have talent but if you have the will to search, you always find something,” he remarked. While much of the discussion focused on raags and the technical aspect of music, it was Khanum’s soulful singing that stole the show. In many ways, Khanum’s presence was a fitting conclusion to the two-day festival.

in view our relations with Nato countries? We need to consider whether the move will isolate the country or not.” He said that the recent drone strike should not be made an excuse to declare the killers (TTP) innocent. “Don’t give a clean chit to them just because of this drone attack,” he argued. While talking about a resolution, if passed, over the issue, it would provide the Taliban a justification for carrying out their activities. “I wish Imran Khan could have grilled those who killed four MPAs of the PTI in the same way he condemned the US,” he said. “It seems like we want to endorse their (Taliban’s) point of view in the assembly,” he said, while underlining the need for devising a counterterrorism policy. Awami Muslim League chief Sheikh Rashid Ahmed put a question mark over the government’s claim that the dialogue process had started. “According to my information, the Taliban were not informed about the visit of any delegation,” he added. “Tell me the names of those three ulemas [who were supposed to formally invite the TTP],” Rashid asked the interior minister, offering that the latter could disclose the names in private if not at the floor of the house. SENATE FROM P1

CAMARADERIE FROM P1

his threat to choke the ground lines of communication. “Everyone knows how to lodge a protest but if a party [PTI] opts for a solo flight, then it appears to be an ultimatum, compelling others to follow suit. If we don’t, we look like we’re not taking the issue seriously,” the JUI-F chief remarked, while addressing the National Assembly on the second day of the debate over the issue. He urged the government to hold another session of the All Parties Conference (APC) and take the political leadership into confidence for devising a strategy to get out of this fix. “We should not disseminate the impression that political parties are divided over the issue,” he added. Nevertheless, “there is no need for a severe reaction (the Nato supply blockade) at this juncture since the issue was national and not a matter of ego,” he added. “We have to take decisions cautiously,” the JUI-F chief said and added that his party would support the government. He appreciated Syed Khursheed Shah, the National Assembly’s leader of the opposition, for admitting that the “war on terror was not ours but we have dragged it into our house.” Later on, while addressing the media outside the Parliament, Fazl said that anyone killed by the US, even a dog, is a martyr. However, the statement was immediately clarified by his spokesperson saying ‘it was misconstrued and was taken out of context.” Meanwhile, Shah held the government responsible for the postdrone attack situation, saying that there had been attacks in the past as well, but the hype was created this time due to the laxity of the government. But the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) censured Khursheed Shah for his statement. “Former PPP Chairperson Benazir Bhutto had always said it was our war but I feel sorry for Shah today,” said MQM’s Dr Farooq Sattar. He also opposed PTI’s decision of blocking the Nato supply line, saying, “Can we afford to do this keeping

figures pertaining to casualties from terrorist activities he had presented before the upper house,” he demanded. The senator also contended that the “opposition did not have any other way but to hold a senate session outside the parliament house.” Clash: The opposition parties in the Senate had moved a privilege motion against Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar for refusing to withdraw the figures pertaining to casualties from terrorist activities that he had presented before the upper house on November 1. Boycotting Senate proceedings for a second consecutive day on November 1, senators from all political parties sans the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) had held a meeting and drafted the privilege motion against the interior minister. Twenty-four senators had signed the motion. “The interior minister provided the wrong statistics in reply to the questions asked by opposition members and then refused to take them back in violation of parliamentary traditions,” Raza Rabbani had told journalists following the opposition’s decision. The war of words started after Nisar had presented figures of casualties from terrorist attacks – stats which were swiftly challenged by an ANP senator who called them a “pack of lies”. Aitzaz Ahsan then asked the interior minister to take back the statistics and return with correct numbers. Nisar’s response triggered a heated discussion among the members of

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the two benches. Later the combined opposition excluding MQM had walked out of the house after Nisar remained unmoved in his seat. Leader of the house in Senate Raja Zafarul Haq, however, had apologized for any rude behavior. After the opposition’s walk out, the Senate Chairman Nayar Bukhari had suspended the proceedings for 15 minutes and asked the treasury benches’ members to go and bring back the estranged senators from opposition. The boycotting senators, however, did not return to the house for almost an hour bringing the legislative business to a halt before the house adjourned. KASHMIR FROM P1

The ambassador added that Pakistan, UN and people of Jammu and Kashmir have agreed to hold a plebiscite in Kashmir; only India has to say yes and engage with Pakistan to resolve the Kashmir issue. “The struggle of the people of Jammu and Kashmir cannot be characterized as terrorism. Nor can ‘epicenter of terrorism’ be wrongly located by India to Pakistan, simply because it raises the issue of Jammu and Kashmir in the United Nations,” he added. Khan was referring to the statement made by the Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh at the UN at the General Assembly meeting in September. “Pakistan is the worst victim of terrorism, whose sources, strategies and execution emanate from our immediate neighborhood. We demanded that all networks to destabilize Pakistan through terror be dismantled forthwith.” DAM FROM P1

international financial institutions, including the United States, the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank, seeking their support for the project, Mr Iqbal said, adding that the government also was trying to form an international consortium to finance the dam. “We are determined to start the project as soon as we can,” he said. “And we hope international financers realize the seriousness of the situation.” The minister said that there’s a national consensus in Pakistan on this issue as all political parties were backing the government’s decision to build the dam “for a better tomorrow”. The dam, he said, was “a safety net” to prevent a “drought like situation and to protect our future generations”. Responding to a question, the

minister advised all political parties, including Tehreek-i-Insaf, not to exploit the situation arising out of Hakeemullah Mehsud’s elimination for domestic political gains. “This is not an issue to exploit for political gains,” he said, “and this is not the time.” The country, he said, was passing through a very difficult phase and “adventurism at this stage will have very dangerous results”. POLLS FROM P1

After completion of all the required pre-poll processes, voting would take place in Sindh on November 27 and across Punjab on December 7. Meanwhile, candidates have already started receiving nomination forms to contest the local bodies elections in Balochistan scheduled to be held on Dec 7. “Following the orders of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, the Election Commission has finalized preparations for conducting local bodies’ elections in Balochistan and issuance of nomination forms for 7,189 seats has been started,” said Provincial Election Commissioner Balochistan Syed Sultan Bayazeed. CRICKET FROM P1

collapse which saw Pakistan lose five wickets for 30 runs. Tahir trapped Misbah-ul Haq (19), caught and bowled Umar Akmal (seven) and Asad Shafiq (11) caught at cover to leave Pakistan struggling at 116-7. Wahab Riaz, who top-scored with 33, added 61 for the eighth wicket with Sohail Tanvie (31) but it only delayed the inevitable. Pakistan had raced to 50 by eighth over as Ahmed Shehzad, who hit halfcenturies in the first two games, hit three boundaries off Lonwabo Tsotsobe in the fourth over and then added two more off Morne Morkel in the next. But spearhead Dale Steyn, who missed the first two matches to rest at home, struck in his second over, removing Shehzad caught in the slip. GEMS FROM P27

tenuous, with any created being or thing. 3 This passage, read in conjunction with the two preceding verses, refutes the contention of the children of Israel that they are “God’s chosen people”. The Qur’an makes it clear that the exalted status of Abraham was not something that would automatically confer a comparable status on his physical descendants, and certainly not on the sinners amongst them.


ENTERTAINMENT & LIFESTYLE

NOVEMBER 8, 2013 - PAKISTAN LINK

ENTERTAINMENT

P30 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; PAKISTAN LINK â&#x20AC;&#x201C; NOVEMBER 8, 2013

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egendary folk singer Reshma, passed away in Lahore.

W

hen she walked slowly onto the stage towards her seat, Farida Khanum looked fragile and apparently old enough to be on verge of senility, however, she was a totally different person when she candidly started addressing the audience as soon she took her seat. It was the second day of the Festival of Arts and Literature at Alhamra on Sunday and she was in the session, dedicated to her, called "the Love Song of Pakistan." It was moderated by Ali Sethi while Ghulam Ali was also invited on the stage to be part of the talk. It was the only session perhaps in the whole festival that was packed with the music lovers who wanted to listen to the legends talk. Farida Khanum talked about the days when as a child she was not very fond of singing, however she got great teachers who transferred her their knowledge in the best way possible. In Radio Pakistan, she met Z.A. Bukhari who helped her grow as a singer, giving her more chances to sing her heart out. To a question why she shifted towards ghazal singing, leaving classical, Farida Khanum said she had precedents of the likes of Roshan Ara Begum in classical singing who were beyond any competition or even hard to follow, besides the art was too tough for her. She explained the intricacies of Ragas, especially Raag Aiman, which was used in many of her compositions including the famous Shaam-e-Firaq Ab Nah Pooch, Aai Aur Aa Kay Tal Gae. Furthering the point of Khanum, Ghulam Ali said Raag Aiman and Raag Bhairvi contained

According to the hospital sources, Reshma had been in coma for a month after being diag-

nosed with throat cancer years ago. Born in Bikaner, Rajasthan to

Banjara family around 1947, Reshma's tribe migrated to Karachi shortly after partition. Having received no formal education, she was only 12 when she was was spotted singing at Shahbaz Qalander's shrine by a television and radio producer, who arranged for her to record "Laal Meri" on Pakistan radio. The song was an instant hit, and Reshma went on to become one of the most popular folk singers of Pakistan, appearing on television in the 1960s, as well as recording songs for both the Pakistani and Indian film industry. Some of her famous numbers include "Dama Dam Mast Kalandar", "Hai O Rabba nahion lagda dil mera", "Ankhiyan no rehen de ankhyan de kol kol" and "Lambi Judai". Reshma was awarded several

all the compositions of the world and music from all the languages and cultures. He also explained both the Ragas and how they functioned, saying that Raag Aiman was first composed by Amir Khusro. Ghulam Ali explained the classical singing through a Bandish. He said natural talent was the foremost requirement for singing, which could be nurtured through training. He stressed training for singing, saying that they had their seniors and Ustads who taught them even how to pronounce words while singing a ghazal. They were fortunate enough to have great composers and poets around them, he said, adding that one of his famous compositions, a Nasir Kazmi ghazal, Dil Main Ik Lehr Si Uthi Hay Abhi, was composed by Altaf Sahib at the Radio Pakistan. Farida Khanum also sang a portion of Aaj Janay Ki Zid Nah Karo. Farida Khanum paid tribute to Reshma, who passed away on Sunday, by singing her famous song Hai O Rabba Nai O Lagda Dil Mera, in a way that nobody else, except Reshma, could sing it. She said Reshma was a great singer who sang from her heart, adding that she herself used to sing Reshma at home. Ghulam Ali said Reshma was a simple person, narrating an incident that happened about a decade back in the US, where the folk singer complained to him that her promoter had not paid her for a concert that she came for though she later got the payment with Ghulam Ali's help. The session was the best part of the whole event though Ali Sethi, again and again, interrupted Farida Khanum and Ghulam Ali, instead

of letting them talk, to show his knowledge of the history of ghazal and Khayal singing, sometimes only asking them for affirmation of what he said. RAZA RUMI: In the session on "Delhi by Heart: Impressions of A Pakistani Traveller," by Raza Rumi, Aitzaz Ahsan said, in a light

not only write about Delhi as his landscape was wider and it spread across the subcontinent. He said the book contained many layers and its structure was arbitrary, nonlinear, emotive and full of observations about everything from trees, plants till ancient monuments. Raza went into the time tunnel and

ments in Delhi, only 1,200 survived while 400 to 500 ancient monuments in Lahore, especially those related to other religions besides Islam, had been lost. This all happened due to nation states that both India and Pakistan became after the partition, saying that pace of removing signs of

tone, the book was not about Delhi, it's about Raza Rumi while emanating laughter from the audience. Kishwar Naheed and Madeeha Gauhar were the other speakers besides Raza Rumi himself. Mr Ahsan further said the partition remained a haunting subject both in India and Pakistan and Rumi's book was a treat for those interested in the subject. Rumi did

reappeared in the company of the regal Mughals, he said. Rumi said the people, both in India and Pakistan, were denying more than a thousand years of history before 1947. Geographies could make and break but civilisations remained the same, he said, lamenting that history was being distorted in the subcontinent. He said out of 2,000 ancients monu-

"unwanted history" was more fast in Pakistan than in India. Rumi said the youth in India, just like Pakistan, was being misled by the media and rightwing politics, adding that they wondered whether girls in Pakistan went to colleges, thinking that there were the Taliban in every street of the country. Courtesy Dawn

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national awards and she also holds the prestigious awards 'Sitara-iImtiaz' and 'Legends Of Pakistan' given by the President of Pakistan. Many people of note reacted with sadness on Twitter after learning of Reshma's death. Former Junoon guitarist, Salman Ahmed, tweeted "a voice of passion not of this earth (RIP) 'Hayo Rabba'". Indian journalist Farzana Versey tweeted, "She broke the silence of the desert. #Reshma. A voice so wounded, pain became the song." Author and journalist Sadia Dehlvi tweeted, "Just heard of singer Reshma's death. Recall meeting and listening to her several times over decades. May her soul rest in peace." She his survived by a son Umair and daughter Shazia.


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