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Pakistan Link

VOL. 23/47 - 18 Muharram 1435 H PAGE 4

Tahirul Qadri: A New Ray of Hope Rawalpindi Officials to Be Taken to Task Islamabad: Prime Minister Nawaz

Sharif on Wednesday termed the lax role of authorities in last week’s Rawalpindi riots as “unacceptable crimes”, and directed police to launch a fair and robust investigation into the incident. Nawaz, while chairing a high level meeting on the issue at the PM House in Islamabad on Wednesday, expressed grave displeasure over the criminal inaction and laxity of the police authorities. “Law-enforcement authorities must not show any laxity in dealing with such incidents. Speeches inciting hatred‚ stone pelting and firing are unacceptable crimes.” The Inspector General of Punjab Police Khan Baig gave the PM a detailed briefing over the Rawalpindi incident. The premier was presented a report on the disturbances, which stated that a total of 11 people had died and 56 injured. It also said that the CCTV footage had helped the security forces capture nine suspected individuals.


Days before Retirement Kayani Shakes Top Brass Rawalpindi: In a major reshuffle before the retirement of chief of army staff (COAS), the Pakistan Army on Tuesday approved transfers and postings of some top military officials. Lieutenant General Sajjad Ghani has been appointed Karachi corps commander. Earlier, he was serving as Quartermaster General (QMG) at General Headquarters (GHQ) in Rawalpindi. He will replace Lieutenant General Ijaz Chaudhry who has been appointed Inspector General Arms at GHQ, Rawalpindi. Lieutenant General Muhammad Latif has been appointed Quartermaster General (QMG) at GHQ Rawalpindi, replacing Lieutenant General Sajjad Ghani. KAYANI’S REPLACEMENT: With General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani leaving his post as Army chief, the country’s civilian leaders are seeking a successor who can mirror his KAYANI, P29

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JI Says It Could Move Court against Sethi


PTI Protest against NATO Supplies Postponed

No Drone Strikes during Talks: US

File photo: US Secretary of State John Kerry and Pakistani Prime Minister Special Advisor on Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz

Islamabad: The United States has promised that it will not carry out any drone strikes in Pakistan during peace talks with Taliban militants in the future, the Prime Minister’s Special Advisor on Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz said Wednesday.

Briefing a session of the Senate’s Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs in Islamabad, Aziz said a team of government negotiators was prepared to hold talks with former Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) chief Hakimullah Mehsud on Nov 2, the

day after he was killed in a US drone strike in North Waziristan. Aziz said Mehsud had been sent a list of negotiators, and that the exTTP chief himself had added the names of two clerics to be part of


Special Court Formed to Try Musharraf

Islamabad: The process for the first treason trial of its kind in Pakistan took a giant leap on Tuesday when a three-judge special court was constituted to prosecute former military ruler Pervez Musharraf under Article 6 of the Constitution.

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The development came hours after Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry forwarded the names of five judges he received from the chief justices of the high courts. Justice Faisal Arab of the Sindh High Court (SHC) will head the spe-

cial court which will include Justice Syeda Tahira Safdar of the Balochistan High Court (BHC) and Justice Yawar Ali of the Lahore High Court (LHC) as its members. The two judges dropped from the list were Justice Yahya Afridi of the Peshawar High Court (PHC) and Justice Noorul Haq Qureshi of the Islamabad High Court (IHC). The names were proposed by the chief justices of the five high courts of the country a day after Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry directed them to put forward the names of any judges eligible for the special court by Wednesday. On Tuesday, the top court sent a letter to the federal interior secretary asking the government to pick three judges out of the five and also appoint the head of the trial court on the basis of seniority. Initially, Interior Secretary Barrister Zafarullah Khan said that it was not necessary to refer the matter to the prime minister for approval. MUSHARRAF, P29

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Four Former Generals Face the Dock Lahore: In a rare coincidence four

former generals are currrently facing serious charges and police investigations or judicial proceedings against them may implicate some more military or political figures in the near future. The likely conviction of some of them may have ramifications for the already delicate civil-military relationship. The most important case is against former president-COAS Gen Pervez Musharraf, proceedings whereof have already been started with the formation of a three-judge special court. He will be the first former army chief to stand in the dock on high treason charges which carries capital punishment or life sentence. For the time being nobody is in a position to say how long the special court would take to complete the proceedings and give its judgment. In case Gen Musharraf ’s plea that he had “consulted” all relevant military and political leaders before deciding to impose


Pakistan Lose by 4 Runs in Rain-Hit T-20 Match Johannesburg: The first T20 was

called off due to rain with Pakistan stuck on 60 for the loss of two wickets in 9.1 overs, four runs short of the D/L par score, to see the Proteas claim the match, ESPNCricinfo reported. Pakistan had lost Shehzad and Jamshed to scores of nine and 18 respectively. Hafeez and Umar Akmal were on the crease when the covers came on. Earlier, rain had caused a delayed start to the match. After Hafeez won the toss and put the hosts in to bat first on a wet outfield, Pakistani seamers failed to curb South African stroke play. As Anwar Ali and Sohail Tanvir opened the attack, the Proteas marched to 41 without a loss in four overs. Saeed Ajmal excluded from the playing eleven, Hafeez brought himself on and put the brakes by taking two wickets. Debutant Bilawal Bhatti CRICKET, P29







Ashura and the Martyrdom of Imam Hussein

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uring the early period of the Prophet’s mission in Makkah, Muslims fasted on Muharram 10th and then they started fasting for two days in Medina on the 10th and 9th or 11th of the month. Ashura refers to the 10th of Muharram and according to Muslim beliefs in all religious traditions this day was of great significance. The literature about the fasting on the 10th of Muharram is all over and one does not need to repeat that here.

“The curse of God, the angels, and the entire community is on those who killed al-Hussein, assisted in killing him, or accepted his killing. Ibn Taymiya, Majmou’ al-Fatawa 4 / 487 The killing of Hussein and Uthman before him is one of the great reasons for the temptations in the Muslim community and God regard their killers as the worse of people / Majmou’ alFatawa, Ibn Taymiya But in our recent memory, this day is remembered more for one of the greatest tragedies that occurred in the early history of Muslims. It was on this day when Imam Hussein, son of Ali, the cousin and son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), offered his life together with members of his family in the fields of Kerbala in Iraq. It was on this day when an army claiming to be Muslim confronted the grandson of the Prophet and denied him even water before decimating him with his family. It is a tragic day for Muslims, nay, for all the people in the world that the 10th of Muharram has become known. Shias observe this day as a day of great mourning reminding them of the sacrifices of Hazrat Imam Hussein and his family. Sunnis fast on these days and usually avoid participating in

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Both Sunnis and Shias can focus on the message of the Imam and work together to rid their world of all sorts of despotism that has negated the essence of the divine guidance aristocracy, or an elite group. Coercion and violence were weapons of despots in their campaign against truth and justice. Thus, Imam Hussein challenged the decision of Ameer Muwaiya, the ruler of the Muslim world at the time, when he nominated his son Yezid as his successor. Imam Hussein was of the opinion that Islam was against dynastic rule and the one nominated was not qualified to lead the nation of Muslims He was not alone in this opinion. Many of the companions in Medina and Makkah supported his view and ideas. Against all odds of his time, Imam Hussein challenged the forces of Yezid in Kerbala realizing that those who had promised to be on his side had betrayed him. He knew he would be

A New Ray of Hope

n By Dr I. Kamal


events organized to commemorate the martyrdom of Imam Hussein. Hazrat Imam Hussein belongs to the entire ummah and his sacrifice is for the entire ummah, not just for one section of the community. He stood for the principles of Islam and not just for the interests of one section of the community. He knew that life is sacred and a gift from Allah, yet he reached the conclusion that there come times in the life of individuals when the goals of life become more important than life itself. The goals of life he stood for are obvious. He believed that people would not be coerced to give political allegiance to leaders they disagreed with. People had a right to dissent with rulers and leaders with dignity and honor. The resources of a nation belong to all and not to one dynasty, or


hir chiraaGh-e-laala sey raushan huwey koah o daman

Mujh ko phir maujoN pey uksaaney laga murGh-e-chaman ----Allama Iqbal (Once again, the brilliance of the lilies of the fields lights up the mountains and the valleys, Once again, the bird in the garden fills me with happiness and hope!) Last January, Dr Tahirul Qadri, spiritual leader of Pakistan Awami Tehreek, led an historic long march on Islamabad aimed at tackling the malaise in Pakistan’s body politic. It was aimed at putting a stop to the flouting of constitutional provisions and paving the way for true democracy, which has eluded the people of Pakistan for several decades. For five days in mid-January this year, his supporters braved the icy weather while the whole country sat riveted to their TV and radio sets, enthralled by the voice of truth and irrefutable logic. The hearts and minds of the people of Pakistan were won over, and their hearts were beating in consonance with Dr Tahirul Qadri and his brave band of men, women and children. The only voices of discord were raised by jealous politicians who felt threatened, and the upstart media moguls of Pakistan, conspiracy-theorists who try to character-assassinate the singer, without even listening to his song. His march shook the corridors of power. Unfortunately, the onward march floundered owing to a misplaced trust in a corrupt judiciary and a Machiavellian scheme hatched by politicians to have the march called off, by false pretences. It is heartening to note that Dr Qadri is keeping on his struggle, and his “Awami Tehreek” is spreading his message across the electronic media through articles and hard-hitting talk show interviews, notably on those of truth-talking journalists such as Dr Danish and Mubashir Luqman of ARY TV. His “haq goyee” (speaking the truth) and rhetoric is reminiscent of the great leaders of the sub-continent in the past, such as Maulana Zafar Ali Khan, Maulana Mohammad Ali and Maulana Shaukat Ali. What is more heartening is the fact that he is the

only public figure in Pakistan who has diagnosed the real disease in our body politic: a parliamentary system of government which, in Pakistan, has become a government of the MNAs, by the MNAs and for the MNAs (of the ruling party) based on bribery and corruption, and an uneven division of the country without devolution of power to the grassroots. In an article published in the Pakistan Link on August, 11, 1995, under the title “The Problem and the Solution”, I had pointed out that the political problems and lack of stability in Pakistan could be traced back to two root causes: (a) in spite of the fact that forty-eight years (now 66 years) had elapsed since its independence, the country had not been able to forge a national identity, and (b) neither the parliamentary system of government nor the military dictatorships, under which the country had been governed, had been able to deliver the goods. The solutions proposed in this article were: (a) a re-division of the country based on the twelve former divisions of West Pakistan under One Unit (Peshawar, Rawalpindi, Lahore, Sargodha, Dera Ismail Khan, Quetta, Kalat, Multan, Bahawalpur, Khairpur, Hyderabad and Karachi) plus Azad Kashmir, and (b) a tripartite system of government with a

crushed and his family would suffer dire consequences. He knew that he would achieve martyrdom in the battlefield. Yet he decided to offer his life, primarily to prove the point that goals of life are more important than life itself. He knew that compromise was not an option in such situations. He also realized that when the choice is clear between right and wrong, one should offer all one has in the defense of one’s ideals. It was his ijtihad based on his understanding of the Qur’an and the teachings of the Prophet and he stood by that. It is this message that Imam Hussein offered his martyrdom for, the message that has been forgotten by one section of the community and turned upside by the other. Shias mourn on this day. If they mourn the loss of the grandson as a token of love, it should be within the limits that his grandfather set for these occasions. Because the mourning and repentance should belong to those who betrayed Imam Hussein and refused to support him even after inviting him to continue his resistance. It does not behoove to those who see in the example of Imam Hussein a manifesto for the ummah to rid itself of all sorts of depots and tyrants in every aspect of life. By and large Sunnis remain silent on his martyrdom in general not realizing that he stood for the principles that Allah introduced to the world through his grandfather. The tenth of Muharram, thus, is a day of great significance in Muslim history and it is a day when one of the great leaders of the community, Imam Hussein, knowingly and consciously accepted martyrdom for saving the soul of Islam. It could be a day to bring Shias and Sunnis together. Because it is a day of pride when the divine cause was given priority over one’s life and a day that should be viewed as the day of deliverance. Both Sunnis and Shias can focus on the message of the Imam and work together to rid their world of all sorts of despotism that has negated the essence of the divine guidance. popularly elected president, and autonomous and independent administrative, legislative and judicial arms acting as checks and counter-checks upon each other. Since then, I have written on the subject from time to time in a number of articles in the Link, Newsline and the Nation, Pakistan. I had the opportunity to submit the article to Lt. General Tanvir Naqvi, architect of the brilliant Nazim System, which restored power to the people at the grassroots for the first time in Pakistan’s history, before the succeeding politicians started messing around with it, without any resolution in sight. Lt. Gen. Naqvi was kind enough to read the article, but said that President Musharraf ’s government was bound to stay with the 1973 Constitution. This will be Dr Tahirul Qadri’s biggest challenge: how is he going to bell the cat, the “holy cow” of the 1973 Constitution? He has proposed a system based on 35 provinces and a popularly elected prime minister or president, who would select an administration of technocrats based on the best brains in the country. Godspeed to Dr Qadri’s movement. Hopefully, it will acquire enough momentum so that the powers that be are forced to have a referendum on this issue, so that necessary constitutional changes can be made to make this dream a reality. The need of the hour is for Dr Qadri’s party to commission a panel, consisting of experts such as Justice (R) Nasir Aslam Zahid and Justice Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui, to debate the issue and give form and substance to his proposals in the form of a draft, so that it could be put before the people at the appropriate time. This is the only way that a free and prosperous Pakistan could emerge, shake off the curses of ethnicity and feudalism, and join the comity of forwardlooking, truly democratic countries.

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Tradition, Reform & Modernism in the Emergence of Pakistan - 5 n By Professor Nazeer Ahmed


Concord, CA

he Unionist Party swept the provincial elections in the Punjab in 1936-37. The Indian National Congress and the All India Muslim League, with their centrist all-India agendas, were both miserable failures in that election. Even Allama Iqbal and a few candidates fielded by him were defeated. Traditional Islam, in cooperation with traditional Sikh and Hindu elements, emerged victorious. Sikandar Hayat, as the head of the Unionist party, governed the province until his death in 1943.

This coalition of traditional Muslim, Sikh and Hindu elements endured until after World War II. A student of history may argue that if this coalition had survived and continued to occupy the central space in the politics of the Punjab, partition would probably not have happened. How did this coalition fall apart? Arrayed against the traditional agenda of the Unionist party were the national agendas of the Indian National Congress and the All India Muslim League. These centrist agendas meant different things to the two parties. The Congress party, dominated by Hindu elements from Northern India had the luxury of framing its agenda in all-India nationalist terms because the triumph of this agenda would in effect mean a Hindu-dominated central gov-

ernment. The Congress party saw the Muslims as a minority. Jinnah, deeply suspicious of Congress rule and distrustful of a dominant Hindu majority, would not accept this position. His own disillusionment with the Congress had led him to believe that the Muslims could not trust a Hindu majority for safeguarding their interests. He was convinced that a dialogue between the Hindus and the Muslims must be a dialogue between equals and not a dialogue between a majority and a minority. He championed the two-nation theory, articulated first by Hindu nationalists, in which the Hindus and the Muslims each occupied their own political and social space. Were the Muslims a minority or a nation, that was the question dividing the Congress and the League. Neither the Congress nor the Muslim League position was without inherent contradictions. By insisting on a strong central government that by default would be dominated by Hindus, the Congress party failed to accommodate the anxieties of the Muslim-majority areas. The Muslims were a majority in large portions of the northwest and the northeast. But they were a small minority in central and southern India. On the other hand, the position of the Muslim League had its own contradictions. While it might have made sense for the League to speak of the northwestern and northeastern regions as separate “nations” with Muslim majorities, the idea of an all-India Muslim “nation” glossed over the presence of millions of

Muslims in the Indian hinterland

When the chips were down, Jinnah was for a united India with a weak center while Nehru accepted a partitioned India with a strong center. These positions were a reflection of the philosophical makeup of the two men, each a giant in his own right, and each pivotal in shaping the destiny of the subcontinent who would remain in India, parti-

tion or no partition. Some historians have argued that the objective of Mohammed Ali Jinnah was not partition but autonomous Muslim majority regions in the northwest and the northeast that were free to govern themselves within a federated India. In support of this argument they offer as evidence Jinnah’s acceptance of the Cabinet Mission Plan (1946) which envisaged three autonomous regions in a federated India. Two of these, in the northwest and the northeast would have Muslim majorities. It was Jawaharlal Nehru who torpedoed this plan. When the chips were down, Jinnah was for a united India with a weak center while Nehru accepted a partitioned India with a strong center. These positions were a reflection of the philosophical makeup of the two men, each a giant in his own right, and each pivotal in shaping the destiny of the subcontinent. I will elaborate in a separate series how these conflicting philosophies played themselves out in the turbulent years immediately after the World War II, leading to the holocaust that accompanied partition. The demise of the Unionist Party and the shift in allegiance of the sajjada nishins of the Punjab were not an accident of history. They were a result of the deliberate and determined policies of the Muslim League. Jinnah knew that there would be no Pakistan without the Punjab. But he had a tactical hurdle before him. The Punjab was ruled by the Unionist party which was inclusive and had largely stayed out of the communal frenzy in northern India.

The challenge before him was to break Punjab loose from the Unionist party and bring the Muslims of Punjab within an all-India Muslim framework. The Congress party claimed to represent all sections of India’s population including Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs and Parsis. Indeed, during much of the period for the agitation of Pakistan, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, a scholarly Muslim, was the President of the Congress party (1940-45). The inclusive, allIndia posture of the Congress party was a threat to Jinnah’s position that the Muslim League alone represented the interests of all the Muslims of India. This position may at first seem obdurate. On closer examination, it was directed less at the Congress than at the Unionist party of the Punjab. As long as the Unionist party represented the interests of the Muslims of the Punjab, the Muslim League could not negotiate with the British and the Congress as the sole representative of all the Muslims of India. Indeed, the Unionist party was a threat to the very basis of the two-nation theory. Jinnah proceeded to demolish the Unionist party in a two-step process. The first step was the abrogation of the Jinnah-Sikandar Pact that Jinnah had signed with the Unionist party in 1942. Sikandar Hayat was the Unionist Chief Minister of Punjab and was enormously popular in the rural areas of that vast province. The Jinnah-Sikandar Pact was a tactical stand-down agreement that enabled the League to


OPINION n By Dr Mohammad Taqi



tiff has erupted between the Pakistan army and its best men of several decades’ standing. The emir of the Jamaat-eIslami (JI), Mr Syed Munawar Hasan, ruffled quite a few feathers with his callous remarks about martyrdom last week. Mr Hasan not only called the slain Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) ringleader Hakeemullah Mehsud a shaheed — a martyr in the divine sense of the word — but also impugned the martyrdom status of the armed forces men who laid down their lives fighting the TTP and its ilk.

The military shot back, quite understandably, with a statement castigating the JI chief and demanded an apology. The ISPR press release, however, did qualify its criticism of Mr Munawar Hasan with an unqualified exhortation for the JI’s founding emir, the late Maulana Syed Abul Aala Maududi. Interestingly, the military ruler, General Ayub Khan, had imprisoned Maulana Maududi twice in the 1960s. But the military had consorted with the Islamists before and continued to do so after Ayub Khan. The military establishment, under General Yahya Khan, a man not exactly known for religious observance, groomed the Islamist political parties like the JI and Jamiat-i-Ulema-e-Islam (JUI) as a policy. Mr Shuja Nawaz notes in his book Crossed Swords: Pakistan, its Army and the Wars Within that these two parties “received assistance


Af-Pak and the Military-Mullah Tiff from (General) Sher Ali Khan Pataudi, who found an ally in Major General Ghulam Umar, the newly promoted executive head of the National Security Council.” The idea was to actively upend the popular political forces like the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) and the National Awami Party (NAP) with pliable political elements. In his work Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military, the former ambassador Professor Husain Haqqani describes this strategy as the “Sher Ali Formula”, which “required behind-the-scenes manipulation of the political process, to increase the number of political contenders, as well as identification of ‘patriotic factions’ against ‘unpatriotic’ ones.” The alliance matured when the JI mercenaries fought alongside the army in the botched but brutal attempt to crush the 1971 Bengali nationalist struggle. It was ultimately the third military dictator General Ziaul Haq, who after dislodging the PPP government, directly shared political power with the JI and the JUI. The overtly religious General Zia inducted three ministers from the JI and two from the JUI, along with five Muslim Leaguers in his cabinet on July 5, 1978. The Zia-JUI fling was short-lived but he shared a deep ideological affinity with the JI and a personal connection with the then emir of JI, Mian Tufail Muhammad who, like General Zia, hailed from East Punjab. The Zia-JI union flourished till the general’s death did them part. Along with his intelligence chief, the so-called Khamosh Mujahid (silent holy warrior) General Akhtar Abdur Rahman, General Zia unleashed the JI hordes on Afghanistan. The JI and its Afghan

counterparts, a la Hizb-e-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, remained the

The Zia-JUI fling was shortlived but he shared a deep ideological affinity with the JI and a personal connection with the then emir of JI, Mian Tufail Muhammad who, like General Zia, hailed from East Punjab major beneficiaries of Saudi money and the US weapons channeled courtesy the Pakistani security establishment till the gravy train stopped circa 1989-90. On the domestic front, abstract themes like the ‘glory of Islam’ and as yet undefined ‘ideology of Pakistan’ became endemic as General Zia went on his ‘Islamisation’ spree to establish with the help of his clergy cohorts what he called the ‘Nizam-e-Mustafa’ or the governance of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

The Zakat and Ushr Ordinance to collect Islamic charity on behalf of the state and the Nizam-e-Salaat mandating prayers in schools and government offices were the direct consequence of the Zia-JI liaison. The armed forces wore an ideological rather than a professional look and developed significant pockets of support for Islamist causes, which exists to date. While the military under General Zia sought to use the JI and its ilk to legitimize their rule on religio-political grounds, the JI wanted to push their fanatical agenda through the junta. But just like the security establishment presumed that it could somehow turn off the field jihadists’ switch once the job is done, it also misread the intentions and zeal of its JI-type allies. The jihadists and their political fronts like the JI are in it for the long haul. They do not operate on a 9-5 clock and take the weekends off. The security establishment’s à la carte approach to jihadism is what the TTP and the JI both are livid about. The former ISPR chief pinning the JI for harboring al Qaeda operatives is interesting, but it would take more than a few retaliatory words to roll back the jihadist project his parent outfit had sired together with the political clergy. The military and the mullahs have coauthored the hyper-nationalist narrative prevalent in Pakistan. Even under the ‘enlightened moderate’ General Pervez Musharraf, the electoral mandate was manipulated to hand power to the mullahs in two provinces. The mullahs have kept their end of the bargain. They do not like the change of rules in midgame. That the security establishment continues to consort with the chosen jihadists

is also not lost on the JI and the TTP. The latest example of the Pakistani security establishment turning a blind eye to, if not facilitating, the Afghan jihadists is the murder of the Haqqani terrorist network (HQN) top financier Nasiruddin Haqqani just outside Islamabad. Nasiruddin was son of Jalaluddin Haqqani from an Arab wife, and full brother of the HQN’s de facto chief, Sirajuddin. It has been an open secret for several years that Nasiruddin and his uncles Ibrahim and Khalil have operated in Islamabad’s vicinity. Nasiruddin leveraged his Arab connections to raise funds for attacks inside Afghanistan while his uncles have been known to induce, personally and through enforcers working out of Rawalpindi, ostensible peace deals such as the 2011 Kurram accord. Sirajuddin Haqqani had played a decisive role in the selection of the TTP chiefs in the past, and possibly in Mullah Fazlullah’s recent ascent as the terror group’s ringleader as well. It is unlikely that the Pakistani establishment has not been aware of the al Qaeda-affiliated HQN’s activities near the federal capital. Syed Munawar Hasan and indeed JUI’s Maulana Fazlur Rehman’s crass remarks have made even the worst critics of the army queasy. It is for the security establishment to reflect over and revisit its association with unsavory characters from both sides of the Durand Line. But it would be naïve to assume that decades of damage can be undone with one statement. Peace in Afghanistan and Pakistan requires a policy overhaul on the part of the security establishment, not just a knee-jerk reaction only when its toes are stepped on. (The writer can be reached at and he tweets @ mazdaki)



Pakistan Tops South Asia in Value-added Agriculture


n By Riaz Haq CA

ivestock revolution enabled Pakistan to significantly raise agriculture productivity and rural incomes in 1980s. Economic activity in dairy, meat and poultry sectors now accounts for just over 50% of the nation’s total agricultural output. The result is that per capita value added to agriculture in Pakistan is almost twice as much as that in Bangladesh and India.

Adding value is the process of changing or transforming a product from its original state to a more valuable state, according to Professor Mike Boland of Kansas State University. The professor explains how it applies to agriculture: “Many raw commodities have intrinsic value in their original state. For example, field corn grown, harvested and stored on a farm and then fed to livestock on that farm has value. In fact, value usually is added by feeding it to an animal, which transforms the corn into animal protein or meat. The value of a changed product is added value, such as processing wheat into flour. It is important to identify the value-added activities that will support the necessary investment in research, processing and marketing. The application of biotechnology, the engineering of food from raw products to the consumers

and the restructuring of the distribution system to and from the producer all provide opportunities for adding value.” Although Pakistan’s value added to agriculture is high for its region, it has been essentially flat since mid1990s. It also lags significantly behind developing countries in other parts of the world. For example, per capita worker productivity in North Africa and the Middle East is more than twice that of Pakistan while in

Growth of value-added agriculture in Pakistan has helped the nation’s rural economy. It has had a salutary effect on the lives of the rural poor in terms of their ability to afford better healthcare, nutrition and education Latin America it is more than three times higher. There are lots of opportunities for Pakistan to reach the levels of value addition already achieved in Middle East, North Africa and Latin America. These range from building infrastructure to reduce losses to fuller utilization of animals and crops for producing valuable products. Value addition through infrastructure development includes storage and

has had a salutary effect on the lives of the rural poor in terms of their ability to afford better healthcare, nutrition and education. Doing more to promote value-added agriculture can accelerate such improvements for the majority of Pakistanis who still live in rural areas.

KPK Ministers transportation facilities for crops, dairy and meat to cut spoilage. Other opportunities to add value include better processing of sugarcane waste, rice bran, animal hides and bones,

Unilever and other food giants are working with family farms and supermarket chains like Makro, Hyperstar and Metro Cash and Carry to respond to it by setting up modern

Agriculture value added per capita in constant 2000 US$ Source: World Bank

hot treatment, grading and packaging of fruits, vegetables and fish, etc. Pakistan’s growing middle class has increased the demand for dairy, meat and various branded and processed food products. Engro, Nestle,

supply chains. Growth of value-added agriculture in Pakistan has helped the nation’s rural economy. It has raised incomes and reduced rural poverty by creating more higher wage jobs. It

n By Col. Riaz Jafri (Retd) Westridge , Rawalpindi


hree honorable ministers of KPK namely Yousaf Ayub (PTI), Bedar Bakht and Abrar Hussain (both of Quami Watan Party), have been removed from the provincial cabinet on charges of corruption. Apart from the corruption charge, Yousaf Ayub also stood disqualified by the Supreme Court for holding a fake degree.

If the corruption charges are real then mere laying off the ministers is not much of a chastisement for them; they should have been booked for corruption and handed over to the FIA or Police for proper investigations and legal action. There is still time for the PTI to do so and set an example for others to follow. It would not only introduce a system of “inbuilt accountability” in a political party (like the armed forces) but also go a long way in weeding out corruption from the ranks of our ruling elite.

OPINION n By Karamatullah K. Ghori


Toronto, Canada

debate that should never have been agitating the minds of some very intelligent people in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is, nevertheless, weighing quite heavily on them and making the headlines in a news media addicted to stormsin-a-tea cup. What my old friend, the Jamaate-Islami Chief Syed Munawwar Hasan, said in reference to the slain TTP supremo, Hakeemullah Mehsoud, was unfortunate. Those words—describing a mass murderer as a martyr—should never have escaped Munawwar’s lips. But they did and that’s what’s so unfortunate to me, as it’s to so many others in the ‘Land of the Pure.’ I refer to Munawwar as my old friend because he and I go back sixty years to our school days. We’re class mates in the Government High School on Karachi’s jail Road, and have stayed friends though we may not have seen each other in decades. Munawwar is an intelligent and articulate man who doesn’t use words without meaning them. And that’s why his granting the medal of martyrdom to a notorious terrorist rankles me, too. Why did he have to stick his neck out for a terrorist with a deadly history of indiscriminate murder and mayhem should best be known to Munawwar. He didn’t have to be that insensitive but did. Was he provoked in that TV interview on Nov. 9—in a programme called Jirga and aired on Geo Television, which itself is a highly controversial news channel of Pakistan and is getting ever more controversial with the shenanigans of its business-oriented CEO—is a question that may cross many a mind. However, Munawwar is a cool customer who doesn’t get carried away, no matter how prodding or inquisitive his interlocutor. And, again, the Geo anchor interviewing him, a man going around under the name of Salim Safi—I don’t know if it’s his real name or nom de plume as they’d say in French—has controversy surrounding him in spades. This generation of anchors now hogging Pakistan’s tele-media as its ‘stars’ was virtually unknown before the age of private television descended on Pakistan. But some of them have now been lording over the small screen as if they’ve owned it forever. Giving airs to themselves and pontificating with the authority of reporter-anchorscholar-and-pundit all rolled into one, they sometime treat their quarries as men of straw—a deplorable tendency, to say the least. I watched Munawwar’s inter-


n By Mubashir Zaidi

he latest statement from the military blasting chief of the Jamaati-Islami Munawar Hasan for undermining the sacrifices made by the soldiers fighting terrorists has shocked many in the capital. The JI has been the mouthpiece for the military during the 1980s Afghan jihad and fighting in Kashmir. It’s also established that the army had used the Jamaat’s street power to put democratic governments under pressure through controlled or sometimes out of control protests. It is also believed that there is a huge following of JI in the armed forces. Even the arrests of Al Qaeda leaders, including Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, from the residences of JI activists has


What Is It about Martyrdom?

view live. The anchor kept coming at him with a repeated barrage of probing on the issue of martyrdom, which the JI Chief parried with considerable finesse. And he stuck to his view that the slain TTP leader was a ‘martyr’ fallen to American aggression. That’s exactly what the anchor wanted him to say. I feel sorry for Munawwar that he swallowed the bait and walked right into the trap the anchor was striving so hard to lay for him. Or did he, really, the counter argument may contend, take the bait? Insensitive as he was—at least in my book—to the popular sentiment in Pakistan about the TTP, Munawwar compounded the problem—for himself and everybody else—by showing no such clarity of pronouncement on the martyr status of thousands of Pakistan Army’s officers and jawans killed and often butchered by the TTP terrorists. He was diffident and obfuscating, which was quite contrary to his style of talking straight, if not always lucidly. Munawwar’s obvious prevarication and foot-dragging on the martyr status of the Pakistani soldiers is what seems to have taken the goat of the military brass and invited a swift and powerful backlash. They hit back hard and denounced the JI Chief ’s insensitivity on a matter of great national importance in terms that have surprised many, including this scribe. The ISPR official press release— swift on the heels of the JI Chief ’s interview—was hard-hitting and strongly-worded. It denounced his verdict on the TTP’s supremo as “an insult to the thousands of Pakistani civilians and soldiers killed.” Finding Munawwar’s remarks “highly condemnable” it went on to demand “an unconditional apology “ from him “for hurting their feelings.” Now that the breach between the military and JI is out in the open and seems to engage not only the two but other political actors too, the question that naturally comes to mind is whether the two deliberately sought this parting of the ways or is it spur of the moment thing? Pundits keeping Pakistan under focus on their radars know it well that JI and the Pakistan Army have had a history of camaraderie going back to several decades. Critics and detractors of the two have found it convenient for their own vested agenda to lump them together. Some have made a career out of JI-military-baiting, including Hussain Haqqani—whose services to his pay-masters have been amply documented. The alleged Mullah-Military alliance wasn’t just a rhythmic sound-bite and cliché but also a handy tool in the hands of enemies of Pakistan to paint the two pillars of the state—political parties

and the military establishment—as retrogressive forces. The JI-military entente came to its full blossoming under General Ziaul Haq, who was often accused of being a closet-JI aficionado. That was also the time when JI got closer to Washington because of the confluence of their interest in Af-

establishment—the biggest beneficiary of American largesse to Pakistan— has found it convenient to hedge its bets on the drone issue; many of its critics haven’t pulled any punches in accusing the military brass of being hand-in-glove with Washington on drone attacks and turning a blind eye to the scourge for its own conve-

Maulana Fazlur Rehman walks away with the trophy with his injunction that even a dog killed in an American drone attack is a martyr in his book. For God’s sake, Maulana, have a heart if you find it so difficult to have a sense ghanistan. But it was, at best, a marriage of convenience. US used JI’s extensive contacts and liaisons with those Afghan freedom fighters then in the vanguard of resistance against the Russian invasion of their country extremely fruitful for its agenda. That was the halcyon period for Afghan ‘heroes’ of the day, such as Gulbadin Hikmatyar, feted and hailed in Washington as reincarnations of America’s own founding fathers. That’s how no less an American icon than President Ronald Reagan had welcomed the Afghan ‘Mujahideen’ in the White House. Now the very same Hikmatyar is enemy number one on Washington’s list of Afghan ‘terrorists.’ But JI was into the Afghan resistance out of principle. That explains the stance it has consistently pursued vis-à-vis the US invasion and occupation of Afghanistan in the wake of 9/11. The nightmare of US drone attacks has only fueled the JI’s opposition to American presence in Afghanistan in the convenient guise of the so-called war on terror. Seen in this perspective, a parting of the ways between the army and JI was only a matter of time. It’s no secret in this context that the military

nience. So if one were looking for a tripwire that unraveled the army-JI nexus of yore it’s none other than American drone that have increasingly been acquiring a pivotal context of politics in Pakistan. While the military may go on sitting on the fence, JI has apparently chosen to make the rift public. Munawwar is undoubtedly more outspoken a JI Amir than his illustrious predecessors. He was, in his early youth, a fire-brand votary of the leftleaning National Students Federation (NSF) and has carried the exuberance of his youth into his new profile of the JI leader. No careful pundit of the ISPR’s press release critiquing Munawwar could’ve missed noticing a barely-disguised pining for the past camaraderie in the tribute paid to the international stature of JI’s founder and first Amir, Maulana Maudoodi. The brass must be ruing the loss of the glue that bonded the two in good old days. But nostalgia of the past trust can’t paper over the savaging of what may be an inconvenient leader of an old ally. The ISPR’s terse denunciation of Munawwar almost looks like a personal vendetta. It doesn’t stop

Is the Mullah-Military Nexus Crumbling?

not affected the military-JI relations in the past.

So, is it a signaling of sorts that the military is trying to portray itself as a national army now as compared to its earlier image of an ideological force whose notion of jihad is similar to Jamaat-i-Islami? But what prompted this strong reaction by the military needs to be examined. Even pragmatic military rulers like Pervez Musharraf had to seek help from the JI to prolong his tenure. Then why is it that the Jamaat and the military are finding themselves at the crossroads today?

The issue of missing persons that began in 2006 started the rift between the traditional partners when JI followers that included lawyers approached the courts for the release of what they claimed were innocent civilians who were arrested by military intelligence agencies on the allegations of supporting Al Qaeda and the Taliban. The courts took up the cases and started questioning the role of the military behind these forced disappearances. JI-backed lawyers were pressured by the military to drop these cases and to stop pursuing the matter. But the cases continued, de-

spite the fact that they did not reach their logical conclusions. The issue of drone strikes has been the main issue which alienated the powerful establishment from hardcore religious parties. The Jamaat has always been protesting USbacked drone strikes, claiming that the strikes kill civilians. But covertly, the military had a verbal standing with the US over the drone strikes. During 2004-2008, drones struck on Pakistan’s request. This was even testified by Pakistan’s former ambassador to the US, Hussain Haqqani who claimed in his new book that the for-

there but goes on demanding JI, as a party, to hold its Amir accountable and get rid of him. Come on, generals, don’t kid yourselves. You must be day-dreaming in making this puerile demand off the cadres of a political force as disciplined as JI. Don’t you know how well-oiled a machine JI is? What made you believe your frontal assault on Munawwar would trigger a revolt within the party against him? The JI leadership, alert as always to intrigues against their citadel, lost no time in closing their ranks and lifting up the draw-bridge across their moat. The JI Secretary-General, Liaquat Baloch—no novice to Pakistan’s arcane power politics—hit back hard at the army in an official JI rejoinder of November 11, accusing the brass of “direct intervention” in the country’s politics. Noteworthy is his allusion to ‘direct intervention.’ It doesn’t require a rocket-scientist to read between the lines and concede an unfortunate reality of Pakistan’s political culture: the army throwing its weight around, indirectly, in almost every sensitive situation or major development. Since nothing remains localised for long in Pakistani politics, the fallout of the JI-military fracas has started spawning permutations of all kinds. Nawaz Sharif, not known for reacting to a situation with alacrity, has apparently decided to jump on the military’s bandwagon. He decided to visit the hallowed precincts of the GHQ in Rawalpindi, on November 12, a day after JI’s rejoinder, to pay glowing tributes to the sacrifices of the jawans for the sake of the nation. This was his first time in GHQ since becoming PM in June. Bruised by the JI assault, the GHQ brass couldn’t be more obliged to the PM for his timely input in morale-boosting. Lost in all this thicket of verbiage and criss-crossing darts of vendettas is, what’s the real sense of martyr according to the Qur’anic injunctions? Whatever my little reading of the Qur’an suggests is that the Holy Book isn’t profligate, at all, in bestowing the coveted title of a shaheed (martyr) lightly. That honour, according to the Qur’an, should be reserved for only those who deliberately lay down their life to earn the favour of their Creator. In contrast, in the Land of the Pure, even those killed in plane crashes, or even road accidents, have been instantly granted the title of a martyr. But Maulana Fazlur Rehman walks away with the trophy with his injunction that even a dog killed in an American drone attack is a martyr in his book. For God’s sake, Maulana, have a heart if you find it so difficult to have a sense. - K_K_ghori@yahoo. com (The author is a former ambassador and career diplomat)

mer Taliban chief, Baitullah Mehsud was killed in a drone strike requested by the Pakistan army. The last time the Jamaat acted in support of the military was on the Raymond Davis issue, when the military is believed to have used the religious activists to hype up the matter so as to trigger nation-wide protests. But many believe that in the end the army itself showed the US how to get their man in Pakistan custody by using an Islamic law of Qisas and Diyat. And so it happened that the Jamaat was left red-faced. Just like the Pakistan military transformed into a national army in the past few years rather than NEXUS, P10


P10 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 22, 2013 n By Dr Adil Najam


Lahore, Pakistan

ince so many of my compatriots love to hate America and Americans, here is the story of an American worthy of scorn. Indeed, so worthy that he may well be the most despised American in America.

More than half a century after his death, he continues to cast a deep, dark and dreadful shadow on America and beyond. His is a cautionary legacy that still lingers; not just in his own country, but in any polity that dares to dabble with democracy. The demons that lurk in this story hold many lessons that Americans continue to grapple with; and many more than Pakistanis would do well to pay some attention to. Joseph Raymond ‘Joe’ McCarthy was born in Grand Chute, Wisconsin, on November 14, 1908. Born on a farmstead to parents of Irish descent, Joe McCarthy was the fifth of seven children. Dropping out of school at age 14 to help his parents on the farm, he later returned to complete high school at age 20 and then went on to get a law degree from Marquette University in Milwaukee. Undeterred by an unsuccessful run for the office of district attorney in 1936, he ran again for district judge (an elected office) in 1939, and won. As judge he became known as a quick decision-maker; a trait that masked a certain callousness that his later career would highlight more fully. During World War II he joined the US Marine Corps. Returning after the war Joe McCarthy ran in 1946 for the Senate seat from Wisconsin, winning on a Republican ticket and a combination of sleazy tactics and a war candidature. Without doing much of note in his unimpressive first few years, McCarthy was nonetheless voted as “the worst US Senator” by the Senate Press Corps; mostly thanks to his poor judgment, quick temper, outbursts of rage, and a fanaticism that masqueraded as decisiveness. Ironically, the bullying tactics that would lead to his meteoric rise were triggered most of all by his own dwindling political fortune. The political science concept that now bears his name, McCarthyism, was born in 1950 amidst his need to stimulate a sagging political career in the wake of a looming reelection. He picked up on what was the most prevalent political fear of his time and place – communism – and around it he built a narrative of fear, an empire of intimidation, and a language of terror. In the words of his biographer, Richard Rovere, Joe McCarthy had found the key to the “dark places of the American mind.” Using language laced with invocations of patriotism and religion, God and country, he proved what many have long known: in politics, nothNEXUS FROM P9

the ‘Pak fauj’ as it still is fondly called in Pakistan for decades now, the Jamaat continued to lose its political ground as people in general started to question the Jamaat’s policy and its refusal to transform into a political force rather than a hardcore religious outfit. Come Munawar Hasan, the incumbent chief who is known for his rigid views and little political insight as compared to his predecessor Qazi Hussain Ahmed. The Jamaat continued to find it hard to connect with the people. The elections in 2008 and 2013 proved that the people of Pakistan are not thinking the same way as the Jamaat leadership. But the new Jamaat leadership did not alter its way and things eventually came to a head. The killing of Pakistani Taliban Hakeemullah Mehsud in a US drone strike alienated the Jamaat and even other political parties including the PML(N) and Pakistan Tehreek-iInsaf from the response from the

What Joseph Raymond ‘Joe’ McCarthy Has to Do with Pakistan

ing sells like fear and there is no better peddler of fear than the self-obsessed zealot. Joe McCarthy won his election. And with it the chairmanship of a Senate Committee which he converted into his personal inquisition of those he disliked or disagreed with. The charge was always the same. They were un-American – or, worse, anti-American. In McCarthy’s world there was no greater crime than that. And, none easier to prove. In his mind he, and he alone, was the custodian of

cusations, recklessly ignites societal fears, and uses coercion and bullying to instill terror. As historian William Manchester points out, “[McCarthy] had stumbled on a brilliant demagogic technique… others deplored treachery, McCarthy would speak of traitors.” Joe McCarthy saw seditious communists, enemies of the state, subversives and traitors everywhere. And for that moment, much of the American public rode his frenzy with him. Joe McCarthy would point, and they, too, would

Be wary of those who peddle a merchandise of self-righteousness no matter where they come from: politician, pulpit, press or public. Third, know that there is hope. The only way to beat fear is to beat fear what it meant to be American. Therefore, if he thought someone was not; then, they were not. Quod erat demonstrandum. QED. Like many before him and many since – but with an unmatched and fanatical determination – Senator Joseph McCarthy draped himself in that warm and welcoming cloak of the scoundrel: patriotism. Veteran journalist Bill Moyers has described Joe McCarthy as a “most contemptible thug” who “employed lies and innuendo with swaggering bravado.” He did so, also, with great self-righteousness. In this process scores of innocent lives were destroyed, careers decimated, dignity dismantled and a dark fog of fear descended. McCarthyism is often described as a political witch-hunt or the practice of alleging treason without evidence. It is that, but it is also more. It builds on baseless and cruel ac-

people in general which approved the killing of the TTP chief if not the drone strike by the US. On the other hand, the military which was believed to have been already fuming at the peace overtures by the incumbent government to the Taliban despite the killing of their Major General Sanaullah Niazi, the recent statements of political leaders were not taken well. The JI chief Munawar Hasan stepped up the rhetoric by first declaring Hakeemullah Mehsud a martyr and later questioned whether the soldiers fighting against the Taliban were martyrs. This prompted the military to issue a stinging response not only condemning the JI chief ’s statement as misleading and irresponsible but also accused him of insulting the sacrifices of Pakistani soldiers. Although it is too premature to say that the military is signaling the end of its long standing policy of using religious parties to silence logic and vibrant political thought pro-

see seditious communists, enemies of the state, subversives and traitors everywhere. How could they not? In the world Joe McCarthy had constructed, to not see seditious communists, enemies of the state, subversives and traitors when he called them out was tantamount to being a seditious communist, enemy of the state, subversive and traitor yourself. Joe McCarthy also had the good fortune of good timing. He had erupted on the scene at a time of great media change. He played the media. And the media played him. His wagging finger. His bombastic charge-sheets. His vitriolic outbursts. His holier-than-thou wrapped-in-flag ‘swaggering bravado’. All of this made not just good copy, but a glorious spectacle. A spectacle that seemed to have been made just for the sparkling new technol-

cess in the country, but, at least, the realization in the military to support mainstream political parties instead of hardcore religious parties is beginning to sink in. Whether it remains the case when the change of guard in the army takes place later this month or else, is yet to be seen. All indications are that the military is in the process of reviewing its support for such parties but only after they came back to haunt the military after decades of clandestine support. - Dawn TRADITION FROM P6

consolidate its position in the rural areas even while it professed its partnership with the Unionists. When Sikandar Hayat died in 1944, Jinnah made his move and abrogated the Pact. Without the strong leadership of Sikandar, the Unionists came apart at the seams. There were many defections. Some were co-opted by the League, some went over to the Congress, yet others to the Sikh Aka-

ogy of television and even more for the newlyminted platform of the political talk show. Ultimately, Bill Moyers reminds us, Senator Joe McCarthy was “done in by the medium he had used so effectively to spread his poison: television.” In particular, legendary television news pioneer Edward R Murrow took McCarthy on in his popular news show See It Now, in what has been described as “a television slaughter” (and depicted in the movie Good Night, and Good Luck). But much more than the media, McCarthy was done in by his own hubris and the few who spoke up. If there was one moment which defined his downfall it was during the 1954 hearings he initiated to unearth communists in the US Army. During one exchange, McCarthy began attacking a young lawyer who worked with the army’s chief legal adviser, Joseph N Welch, accusing the young man of also being a communist sympathizer. An exasperated Welch could bear this injustice no more and retorted in anger and anguish: “Senator, you’ve done enough! Have you no sense of decency, sir? At long last, have you left no sense of decency?” And the Senate gallery erupted in applause. This moment defined the end of Joe McCarthy’s ‘reign of terror’. By the end of the year, the Senate had passed a censure against him. McCarthy, who had so recently seemed invincible and who many of them had tolerated, if not outright supported, withered into an outcast as quickly as he had risen into a hero. The lessons of a good story should be self-evident. The lessons of a bad story, even more so. But for the benefit of those who may have skipped straight to the conclusion, let me highlight at least three lessons that no student of democracy should ever forget. First, democracy demands constant vigilance. Even mature democracies are not immune to demagogic skulduggery. Second, distrust the narratives of fear and the discourse of exclusion. Be wary of those who peddle a merchandise of self-righteousness no matter where they come from: politician, pulpit, press or public. Third, know that there is hope. The only way to beat fear is to beat fear. One Edward R Murrow speaks up, one Joseph N Welch stands up to the bully, and suddenly the silence of the many is broken. Sen. Joe McCarthy died at the Bethesda Naval Hospital in Washington DC on May 2, 1957, at the age of 48. His spirit lives on in many places. Including Pakistan. P.S: If anyone wonders what McCarthy has to do with Pakistan, you have obviously not been following the political, social, and media discourse in our blessed land. Beware of those who raise the slogans of nationalism or piety in vain. Be afraid. Be very, very afraid of Pakistanis who think they are more Pakistani than all other Pakistanis. Or of Muslims who think they are more Muslim than all other Muslims.

li Dal. The Second World War was rapidly coming to an end and the British, exhausted from the War, wanted to divest themselves of the Indian Empire which was bursting at the seams with nationalist fervor. They called the Simla Conference of 1945 whose declared intent was to reconcile the positions of the Congress and the League so that an Advisory Committee could be formed to advise the British viceroy on all matters affecting the governance of the subcontinent. At the Conference, Jinnah took a hard stand that only the League, as the sole representative of all the Muslims of India, could nominate Muslim delegates to the Advisory Committee. Jinnah understood very well that the Congress could not accept this demand. It would have meant that the Congress could not even nominate a stalwart like Maulana Azad to the Advisory Committee. The Simla Conference collapsed. (To be continued)


Ashura procession. When the situation deteriorated, the DPO and DCO rushed to Chishtian and the latter ordered expulsion of the Zakir from the district. An FIR was registered against Irshad Shamsi, Zeeshan Ahmad, Zahid Najaf and Younis Ghazi on the protesters’ call. But thousands of people ransacked an Imambargah and set it on fire. They also blocked the town’s main roads for over six hours and continued protesting till late in the night. Troops were also called out in Haroonabad after workers of a banned group held a protest and clashed with police. A policeman and three students were injured. In Bahawalnagar, club-wielding workers of a banned organization forcibly shut down shops and beat up shopkeepers who did not oblige.



Supreme Court Agrees to Try Musharraf

Islamabad: The Supreme Court on

Monday accepted a government request to set up a special tribunal to try former President General Pervez Musharraf for high treason, an offence punishable by death. A spokesman for the Supreme Court of Pakistan announced in a statement that the Court had received a government letter asking for the establishment of “a Special Court to try General (R) Pervez Musharraf under Section 2 of the High Treason Punishment Act” of the Constitution. After receiving the letter, chief justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, ordered all the high courts of the four provinces to put forward the names of any judge eligible for the three-member special tribunal by Wednesday. Chaudhry will then choose three names for the Special Court and forward them to the government. Earlier on in the day, the federal government announced advocate Zulfiqar Abbas Naqvi as the special prosecutor in the treason case to be initiated against Musharraf. A petition was submitted in the apex court’s Lahore Registry seeking the trial of the former president and his sub-ordinate generals under Article 6 of the Constitution. NISAR MAKES ANNOUNCEMENT: The Pakistani government announced Sunday that it intends to try former military ruler Pervez Musharraf for “high treason,” a dramatic escalation of the charges he has faced since he returned from exile this year. Speaking at a hastily arranged news conference, Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan said the government will name a special prosecutor on Monday to try Musharraf for invoking emergency rule during his 1999-2008 dictatorship. “We have made this decision in the national interest,” said Khan, noting that Musharraf suspended

Parliament and the judiciary when he imposed emergency rule in 2007. “Musharraf is accountable before the nation and the constitution,” the interior minister added. Nisar assured journalists that putting Musharraf on trial was not a ‘vengeful’ decision. “Nothing is personal in this case. It’ll be a fair trial. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif ’s government has no personal grudge against him,” he added. The interior minister insisted that Musharraf was not refusing to meet the FIA team but was reluctant to record his statement. “The FIA team [however] found what they needed [ample evidence to proceed against Musharraf],” he said. Though Nisar did not share the FIA’s findings, a member of the team claimed that the military did not cooperate with the FIA’s team. “Despite repeated requests, the General Headquarters did not give us access to the relevant record,” he told The Express Tribune requesting anonymity. The FIA team – headed by Khalid Qureshi – failed to find ‘commanding evidence’ which might have lead to a successful treason trial, he added. The interior minister, however, dispelled the impression that the military did not cooperate with the FIA team which took at least 20 weeks to submit its 75-page report. “The FIA team held three sessions with Musharraf to collect evidence,” said another senior official. The team also questioned over 32 senior officials, including the then governor of Punjab, interior minister, Islamabad police chief, interior secretary, law secretary and military officials to collect evidence, he added. The news signals the growing confidence of Pakistan’s civilian government after decades of political upheaval, including three coups. But the decision by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif ’s government could fuel new

discord in the country, where some residents still look back at Musharraf ’s tenure as one of relative security and economic stability. Musharraf led a 1999 military coup that drove Sharif from the prime minister’s post. He also led his country through the turbulent aftermath of the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, which resulted in the US-led invasion of neighboring Afghanistan. When the courts and politicians began to challenge Musharraf ’s authority, he effectively imposed martial law in 2007 by dismissing the chief justice of the Supreme Court and ordering the detention of several other judges. After he stepped down in late 2008, Musharraf went into self-imposed exile in London. He returned to Pakistan in March and was quickly charged in a string of cases, including the assassination of former prime minister Benazir Bhutto and a 2007 military siege of a mosque in Islamabad housing radical Islamic students. After Sharif returned as prime minister in June, analysts wondered whether he had the appetite for prolonging Musharraf ’s legal woes. By interjecting his government into the matter, Sharif risks alienating the country’s powerful military leaders, some of whom quietly resent the legal humiliation facing their former chief. Musharraf spent six months under house arrest this year for the other charges but was released on bail about two weeks ago. If he is tried and convicted of treason, he will be subject to the death penalty. DIVERSION: Aasia Ishaque, a spokeswoman for Musharraf, accused Sharif ’s government of using the case to deflect attention from the nation’s challenges, including deadly sectarian violence over the weekend near Islamabad, the capital. “The government is unable to get control, so they decided to bring up Musharraf again,” Ishaque said. “This is a diversion.” On Friday, the country was shaken when Shiites and Sunnis clashed in Rawalpindi during a demonstration marking the holy month of Muharram. At least nine people were killed and more than 60 wounded, many from gunfire. A Sunni mosque was torched. To restore order, the army imposed a two-day curfew in Rawalpindi and cut off cellphone service in dozens of other cities. ECL: Hearing the petition seeking to remove the name of former president Musharraf from the Exit Control List the Sindh High Court adjourned its hearing until Nov 22.

Musharraf ’s Spokesman Criticizes Decision Islamabad: A spokesman for retired

Gen Pervez Musharraf has termed the government’s decision to initiate his treason trial under Article 6 “a vicious attempt to undermine the Pakistani military”. “We not only forcefully reject these charges, but also view them as a vicious attempt to undermine the Pakistani military. It is also a botched attempt by the government to temporarily take the focus away from existential threats faced by Pakistan,” said Dr Raza Bokhari, international spokesman and North American point of contact for Gen Musharraf, in a statement. “We view with grave suspicion

the timing of the announcement by the Taliban sympathetic Nawaz government to initiate treason proceedings against former president Musharraf,” he said. It was “unfortunate” that Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif was “obsessed by politics of personal vendetta” and was “criminalizing the lawful acts of the Musharraf government”. He said Gen Musharraf had declared a state of emergency on Nov 3, 2007, and held in abeyance certain sections of the constitution in exercise of powers vested in him by Article 232 of the Constitution. “He took this much needed action to reform an activist segment of the judiciary and augment security

operations against extremists and terrorists who were wreaking havoc in Pakistan.” The spokesman further said it was important to note that the former president had acted after unanimous advice of the then prime minister, governors of all the four provinces, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, chiefs of the armed forces, vice-chief of the army staff and the corps commanders of the Pakistan Army. “It is also extremely important to remember that former president Musharraf also lifted the state of emergency on Dec 15, 2007, and fully restored the constitution,” he added.

Supreme Court Route Puzzles Legal Experts

Islamabad: The interior minister says the government will try former president Pervez Musharraf for abrogating the Constitution on November 3, 2007, but the decision to go to the Supreme Court on the matter is technically a superfluous move. Legally, high courts are the right forum for initiating a case under Article 6. Therefore, when the government writes to the apex court, the process will not have technically begun. Why the government decided to take this route has different interpretations from legal experts. While explaining the procedure, Babar Sattar, a lawyer and legal commentator, told The Express Tribune that the interior secretary has to file the prosecution before a three-member special bench of high courts, after approval from each chief justice for the inclusion of their judges on the bench. He said the government’s decision to go to he Supreme Court is just a formality. “It’s a little tricky and the government wants to get blessings of the Supreme Court that it has nothing against the judges and does not want to act against them,” Sattar added. “They want to give the military a message that they do not want revenge and they want to give the judiciary a message that this is not a conspiracy but they still want to prosecute Musharraf.” Constitutional expert and former law minister SM Zafar said: “This is something beyond my comprehension.” The Supreme Court has nothing to do with this case, he said, as a three-judge special bench comprising high court judges are supposed to try Musharraf. The Supreme Court is the forum where an appeal against the special bench would come finally, he explained. “Moving the SC to try Musharraf would be a blunder on the part of the government.” Responding to a question, he said the government has yet to announce the procedure for the trial. “I don’t see seriousness but intent to divert attention [from the recent ethnic clashes in Rawalpindi],” he added. Justice (retd) Tariq Mehmood was equally puzzled by the decision of moving the Supreme Court. “Involving the chief justice of Pakistan in this case is a legal mistake the government has committed,” he said. “I fail to understand why the chief justice is being involved in this case,” Mehmood said while referring to the November 2007

emergency in which Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry himself had been affected. “There is a conflict of interest and a possibility that the chief justice would recuse himself,” he added. Pointing to another technicality, SM Zafar said: “It is an announcement by the interior minister. It’ll become a government decision when the federal cabinet decides to prosecute Musharraf. And I’ve not heard of any cabinet meeting over this issue.” Now, there are also questions regarding why the government wants to try Musharraf for the November 3 Emergency, and not the October 1999 coup. Sattar said that “the Constitution has been violated in both cases and it is prosecution’s prerogative to decide.” “I think from a political perspective it is savvy what they [government] are doing. It’s savvy because the matter of 1999 dealt with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif directly and if they decide to prosecute Musharraf for 1999 that would come across to the military as an institution as revenge. That is not what they [government] want,” he added. SM Zafar concurred. He said both cases – the October 1999 coup and the November 2007 emergency – are equally serious in nature as the Constitution was violated on both occasions. Justice (Retd) Tariq Mehmood agreed to a certain extent. “It is the government’s prerogative to either try Musharraf for Oct 1999 or Nov 2007. It cannot be termed wrong on legal grounds though it could be wrong politically,” he added. Still he agreed that in 1999 a government was toppled, judges were asked to take fresh oath under the PCO and parliament was dissolved, therefore, this matter is more serious in nature. SETHI FROM P13

Ziaul Haq is a clear act of dishonesty”. He also pointed out that during Ziaul Haq rule, the JI had suffered the most as the party mayor of Karachi was unlawfully removed and JI students wing, Islami Jamait-e-Talaba, was penalized the most. Paracha said that the JI had repeatedly denied having received funds from the ISI. He said Najam Sethi’s allegations that former JI leader Qazi Hussain Ahmad had confessed to receiving ISI funds were “frivolous and concocted”. “In fact, Qazi sahib himself had filed a petition in the Supreme Court challenging this allegation.”



Emotional Google Advertisement a Hit in India, Pakistan Mumbai: An emotional advertise-

ment for Google’s search engine has become a hit in India and Pakistan by surprisingly invoking a searing and traumatic period in the shared history of the South Asian archrivals. Officially debuting on television Friday, the commercial already has been viewed more than 1.6 million times on YouTube. “Reunion” portrays two childhood friends, now elderly men, who haven’t seen each other since they were separated by the 1947 partition that created India and Pakistan from the old British empire in South Asia. Partition sparked a mass exodus as millions of Muslims and Hindus fled across the new borders amid religious violence. In the ad, one of the men reminisces to his granddaughter about his happy childhood in Lahore and how he used to steal sweets from a shop with his best friend, who the ad implies is Muslim. His granddaughter uses the search engine to track down the childhood friend in the Pakistani city. Then, with the help of the Pakistani man’s grandson (and naturally, Google), she arranges a journey to New Delhi for a surprise reunion. The ad struck a cultural chord with Indians and Pakistanis. “If it doesn’t move you, you’ve got a heart of stone,” wrote Beena Sarwar, a Pakistani journalist and part of the Aman ki Asha (Hope

for Peace) initiative that promotes peace between Pakistan and India, on her blog. It might seem a risky strategy to co-opt partition for a feel-good search engine advertisement. The period is one of the roots of the bitter animosity between Pakistan and India that has led to three wars, a nuclear arms race and deadly fighting in the disputed Kashmir region. Shortly after the partition, an estimated 1 million Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs were killed in rioting, and 12 million were uprooted from their homes. Yet Abhijit Avasthi, head of the Ogilvy India team that developed the ad, said the fact that partition evokes strong feelings among Indians and Pakistanis is one of the reasons the idea was chosen. “Yes, this is a sensitive topic, a part of history with bitter memories” he said. “But that was the

whole point, which is to tell people that those memories are in the past, that there is a way to revive your connection with your lost ones.” The spot also tapped into ordinary people’s weariness with the hostilities. “I don’t see much hostility at the people’s level,” said Sanjay Mehta, a 48-year-old New Delhi-based businessman whose family is from what is now Pakistan. But he added that travelling between the countries is not as easy as the ad portrays. “I want to visit Pakistan but it’s not easy to get a visa.” Last year, India and Pakistan signed an agreement to make it easier for business travelers, senior citizens, divided families and religious pilgrims to get visas. However, improving ties have been set back by sporadic clashes in Kashmir.

Reports of Rift among Pakistan Taliban Karachi: A rift within Pakistan’s Taliban network has deepened since a US drone strike killed the group’s chief this month, militants and officials said, with the late leader’s hardline wing challenged by commanders interested in pursuing peace negotiations with the government. In recent weeks, members of these two factions of Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan have been killing each other, both in TTP’s main stronghold of North Waziristan on the Afghan border, and in the southern metropolis of Karachi, where vast urban neighborhoods are under effective Taliban control. The Shawal valley in Waziristan, in particular, has become a flashpoint. “Both sides have set up positions in the valley, and there have been exchanges of fire,” one TTP commander said. The Pakistani government strongly condemned the Nov. 1 drone strike that killed Hakimullah Mehsud, saying it had been on the verge of opening peace talks with TTP. In reality, some Taliban commanders said, it was only members of TTP’s relatively more moderate faction that participated in that outreach. That faction is led by Khan Said, known as Sajna, the group’s leader in South Waziristan. Both factions are largely made up of members of TTP’s backbone, the Mehsud tribe that dominates Waziristan. TTP’s new chief, Mullah Fazlullah, is its first leader who isn’t a Mehsud. Some leading TTP commanders are dismayed by his rise, militants and officials said. “The charismatic leadership of Hakimullah Mehsud had kept the

organization together, and Mullah Fazlullah doesn’t have that,” said Syed Hussain Shaheed Soherwordi, an international terrorism specialist at the University of Peshawar. “This is the first time that a certain difference of opinion has been expressed. When the leadership of a terrorist organization is contested by some of its members, that’s the moment when there will be some cracks within the organization.” These cracks are likely to further radicalize the group as its rival factions “fight with each other, and all of them try to score points by having more subversive activities,” he said. Said was initially tapped as Mehsud’s successor. At the subsequent gathering of Taliban leadership that chose Fazlullah, “Sajna did not say anything, he just kept quiet,” one person familiar with the meeting’s proceedings said. Since then, Pakistani authorities seem to have been backing Sajna’s faction, especially as internecine violence flared in Karachi’s Pashtun shantytowns. “They want to eliminate the Hakimullah group in Karachi,” one midlevel commander said. Pakistani Taliban spokesmen deny any rift within their movement. “This is the propaganda of the enemy,” said TTP spokesman Shahidullah Shahid. Azam Tariq, the spokesman for Said, the leader in South Waziristan, also said all militants accept Fazlullah’s leadership. But midlevel and senior TTP commanders in Karachi and North Waziristan said the rivalry between

Said and Mehsud over strategy had emerged in the days before the assassination, with Said calling for a more pragmatic approach. Heated disagreements over potential peace talks were the main topic at a gathering of top Taliban commanders just before. Mehsud’s death, said a person close to the TTP who was in the area that day. “After Hakimullah was killed, people from the other faction distributed sweets in North Waziristan,” the person clalimed. Fazlullah has ruled out peace negotiations and promised revenge attacks against the Pakistani state. In recent months, he claimed some high-profile killings, including the assassination of a Pakistani army general overseeing the Swat valley north of Islamabad. “Fazlullah has always been the one who was the least diplomatic, very blunt in claiming credit for these acts of terrorism—never shying away from what he has done,” said retired Pakistani Army Maj. Gen. Athar Abbas. A senior TTP commander said many Mehsud tribesmen in Waziristan were perplexed that Fazlullah, who hails from Swat, operates out of Afghanistan’s faraway border provinces of Kunar and Nuristan. “Fazlullah has never visited Waziristan, and doesn’t seem to have plans to visit in the future, either. We don’t have easy access to him to discuss issues closely,” the commander said. “Many people are upset with his leadership. There is a possibility that a new faction will be created by those who oppose it.”

Extortionists Cash in by Posing as Taliban Islamabad: It began innocuously enough, two men on a motorbike delivered a plain brown envelope to the home of Mohammed, an Islamabad businessman. But the contents plunged him into a terrifying three-month nightmare. The letter, headed with the banner of the Pakistani Taliban, informed Mohammed that a Taliban judge had found him guilty of not living by Islamic principles. It said Mohammed, not his real name, had been fined five million rupees ($50,000) and threatened dire consequences if he went to the police or failed to pay up. “Our squad of suicide bombers is always prepared to send non-believers to hell, God willing,” the letter seen by AFP read. At the bottom, the name of feared Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) chief Hakimullah Mehsud was written in bold followed by a signature that resembled his name. Mohammed had no way of knowing it, but the signature was fake. He had been snared by criminals exploiting the terrifying reputation of the Pakistani Taliban to extort money from rich businessmen in Islamabad and its twin city Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi chamber of commerce says its members regularly receive extortion demands of up to $100,000, and last month a property dealer in the city who refused to pay found explosives hanging from the door of his office. The leafy capital, home to foreign embassies, international aid organizations and well-to-do officials, has remained relatively peaceful in recent years as attacks by homegrown Islamist militants have rattled other parts of the country. But fear of the TTP, which has killed thousands of people in a bloody campaign against the state over the past six years, runs deep and criminals are cashing in. Multiple sources in the security agencies and among the militants confirmed that the signature on the letter sent to Mohammed was fake and did not resemble that of Mehsud in any way. Mehsud has since been killed in a US drone strike, but at the time, his name alone was enough to strike terror into Mohammed. “I was scared to death when I read the letter. It was the most frightening experience of my life, I didn’t know what to do,” Mohammed told AFP. “I avoided going out of the house and didn’t even go to work. I was also worried about my family’s safety, my kids going to school.”He shared the letter with his wife but even then they were too afraid to go to the police. “She said the Taliban were also attacking the police and intelligence agencies, they can’t protect us from them,” he said. The letter gave a phone number and time to call, and the man who answered spoke with a Pashtun accent, the main language of the northwest, where the Taliban

have strongholds. There followed a series of calls from strange numbers which he later came to know were from Waziristan, in the tribal areas where the Tailban have hideouts, and Afghanistan. It took three months for Mohammed to resolve the situation, but he refused to say how he paid the money. Over the past two years at least four businessmen are thought to have been killed by militants for not paying ransom demands, and a senior intelligence official told AFP it was natural victims would take threats seriously. “Posing as member of the Pakistani Taliban is the easiest thing because the victims then get the impression that they are dealing with a very mighty thing,” a senior intelligence official told AFP. “So they don’t report the case with the police and are very ready to cooperate with the criminals.” Islamabad police say 17 extortion cases have been reported this year, compared with none last year, but there could be many others that go unreported because the victims are too afraid to go to the authorities. The situation has become so severe that the TTP were recently forced to issue a statement denouncing extortion attempts. “Threats are being hurled out and money being extorted from rich people in all big cities including Peshawar in the name of Tehreek-e-Taliban,” said the statement posted on the TTP media arm’s website. “We consider wealth of a Muslim as sacred as his life and announce our disassociation from such acts.” Not all of the letters are directly threatening in tone. One sent to an Islamabad lawyer appealed to his religious conscience to help fund the militants’ struggle, saying it cost $30,000 a day to feed their fighters. “We cover our expenses with the help of God-fearing Muslims like you. Allah has provided you the opportunity to put your effort in the jihad and serve him and his fighters,” the letter said. “You are instructed to arrange for the food expenses of the lions of Allah for two days.” The handwritten letter was again signed with Mehsud’s name, but followup calls and letters put police on the trail of the culprits. “The extortionists knew everything about the lawyer, his family, the number of his kids and when he leaves for and comes from the office,” a police officer on the case told AFP. “This was the biggest clue and we investigated and found that the extortionists were actually laborers who were working in the lawyer’s home.” The lawyer admits he was lucky; the police rarely catch the extortionists, leaving businessmen to pay up, and, in some cases, they are even in on the racket. Islamabad police spokesman Mohammed Naeem said 13 people had been arrested over extortion, including serving officers.



Ashura Clashes Turn Pindi into Ghost Town

The mob set fire to two main fabric markets, including more than 100 shops, four private banks, and smashed windowpanes of buildings at an adjacent bazaar

Rawalpindi: For the second year in a row, Muharram has brought death and destruction to Rawalpindi. Last year, a suicide bomber struck a procession in the heart of Rawalpindi while this year the city’s own residents were behind violent clashes on Friday between Deobandi activists and Shia mourners in Raja Bazaar that led to death of nine people and forced the government to impose curfew. By Saturday morning the city had been sealed off from Islamabad by containers and the imposition of curfew had ensured that most streets and roads remained empty and quiet. Only military and police personnel roamed the ghost town. All major roads within Rawalpindi were blocked by containers and markets remained closed. The hapless people of the main Raja Bazaar, where the conflagration had begun on Friday, had remained confined to their houses for over 24 hours by Saturday evening. Though the curfew was relaxed in the evening from 6pm to 6:30pm, shops were not opened so there was little opportunity for residents to replenish their stocks. The curfew was again relaxed in the night from 9pm to 12 midnight. Public transport also remained absent. A few – but very few – private vehicles were seen on the roads. Intelligence sources and eyewitnesses said the crisis began in the afternoon when the mourning procession of Ashura reached Fawara Chowk where its participants heard the remarks of Maulana Shakirullah, a local Imam who was giving the Friday speech from the Mosque and Madressah Taleemul Qur’an (known as Maulvi Ghulamullah wali Masjid). A follower of the Deobandi school of thought, the imam made harsh and offensive comments against the Shia community.

It was unfortunate that though the City District Government Rawalpindi (CDGR) had banned the use of loudspeaker (except for giving Azan and the Friday sermon in Arabic), this ban was violated by the mosque administration despite the presence of police and local administration. It is not clear what happened after the speech. While some eyewitnesses claim that the Shia participants of the procession (including about 100 youngsters from Parachinar and other parts of Kurram Agency) instigated the violence by pelting stones on the mosque, others claim that the students and people in the Madressah were the first to throw stones. SITUATION WORSENS: Regardless of who cast the first stone, the clash soon intensified after which gunfire was exchanged. “During the clash, the police tried to overpower the angry mob but they were outnumbered. Some of the young men snatched the policemen’s rifles and emptied the weapons on their opponents,” Abdul Waheed, an eyewitness, told Dawn. He said that after the exchange of fire, the mob set fire to the mosque which was located above the Madina and Makkah Markets. The markets were located on the ground floor and sold fabric. Later they ransacked the market. The mob set fire to two main fabric markets, including more than 100 shops, four private banks, smashed windowpanes of buildings at an adjacent bazaar. It also attacked the police and three Imambargahs in different parts of the city. The mob violence in the midst of gunfire was extreme enough to strike fear in the city’s residents – despite the ban on cellphone services, the news of the clash spread

like wild fire (partly thanks to the electronic media) and added to the strength of the two clashing groups. “Some of the people inside the mosque managed to escape through back door,” said a police official who was present on the spot. The part of the procession that had already passed by the mosque and was ahead of the violence managed to reach Imambargah Qadeemi three kilometers away. However, those in the rear never made it to the destination. The nine deaths, as well as the bulk of the injuries, took place at this location. By the evening the army was called in. Rescue workers also turned up to shift the injured and dead to the nearby District Headquarters Hospital. The fire brigade vehicles battled the blaze in the cloth market as it was spreading towards other adjoining markets. The clashes on the other hand spread to other areas of the city where Deobandi activists attacked Imambargah Haideria in Ratta Amral, Imambargah Col Maqbool on College Road, Imambargah Hifazat Ali Shah in Bohar Bazaar and Qadeemi Imambargah at the Jamia Masjid Road. The army was deployed at these places but after failing to control the situation, it was decided by the government that curfew would be imposed. Regional Police Officer (RPO) Zaheen Iqbal Sheikh told Dawn that the curfew was imposed to avert further clashes as the police and the administration feared that when people gathered for the funeral of those killed on Friday the situation would lead to further violence. The RPO did not provide any details about the investigations carried out by the police, nor did he say how many people had been arrested.

JI Says It Can Move Court against Sethi

Lahore: Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) spokesman Dr Farid Ahmad Paracha has condemned allegations levelled by veteran journalist Najam Sethi in a private TV programme in which he blamed JI for supporting General Ziaul Haq and receiving funds from the ISI. The JI reserves the right to initiate legal proceedings against the anchorperson, Paracha said. In a rejoinder issued on Monday, the JI leader said that “so-called intellectuals are trying to create unrest and anarchy in the country to

fulfilL foreign agenda”. He said the JI’s struggle for restoration of democracy was a matter of record and it had offered huge sacrifices against dictatorial rule. Paracha said that Najam Sethi was “out of his senses most of the time” and did not know what he was saying. He added that it was the Pakistan National Alliance (PNA) and not the JI which had joined Ziaul Haq’s government and “therefore blaming JI alone for joining SETHI, P11

PTI Protest Sit-in Postponed Peshawar: Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf (PTI) and other political parties in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa coalition government postponed the sit-in against Nato supplies due to sectarian clashes in Rawalpindi on Muharram 10, Express News reported on Sunday. The PTI press conference in Peshawar was also attended by representatives of the Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) and Awami Jamhoori Ittehad e. The connection between the postponement of the protest and the clashes in Rawalpindi was not elaborated upon. In a press release, PTI Chairman Imran Khan said the protest was postponed “keeping in view the grave security situation in the country”. He added that the protest would now take place on November 23. “This is not a cancellation but a postponement in response to the sensitivities of our people and the acute security situation prevailing in the country,” Khan stated. The decision to block Nato supplies was taken after Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) chief Hakimullah Mehsud was killed in a drone strike in North Waziristan earlier this month. PTI chairman Imran Khan had threatened to block Nato supplies passing through Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa if the US did not end its drone campaign in the tribal areas. He had also accused the US of sabotaging peace talks with the Taliban

by killing Hakimullah at a time when he had shown willingness to hold negotiations with the Pakistan government. The K-P provincial government had also convened a special assembly session on November 4 wherein it unanimously passed a resolution against drone attacks and passage of Nato supplies. The resolution, which came after much deliberation between the government and opposition members, urged the federal government to take concrete steps to put an end to drone strikes and suggest ways to halt Nato supplies going through the country.

Many Hurt in Riots in Multan and Other Towns Multan: About 25 people were in-

jured here on Saturday after riots erupted over alleged use of objectionable slogans by some protestors in a mourning procession. Sheikh Tahir Amjad, a resident of the walled city, lodged a complaint with Haram Gate police that Ali Gardezi and two unidentified people had used “abusive language against revered personalities” during the procession. According to Punjab Shia Ulema Council’s deputy information secretary Bisharat Abbas Qureshi, a procession was taken out from Androon Lohari Gate. When the demonstrators reached Chowk Clock Tower, some of them resorted to acts “regarded as sacrilegious” by Shias. They also held a sit-in at Bohar Gate. A former provincial minister and MPA, Haji Ehsanuddin Qureshi, urged the demonstrators to disperse because police had registered a case under Section 298-A. In the meantime, another group reached Chowk Shaheedan and forced shopkeepers to pull down their shutters. When the shopkeepers called the police, the protesters pelted them with stones and resorted to shooting. Yet another group gathered at Daulat Gate and hurled stones at an Imambargah. The protesters also tried to stage a demonstration on the Railway Road, but were dispersed by the police. Four people were injured in the shooting at Imambargah Husainabad and were taken to Nishtar Hospital. When the administration called out troops, the enraged protesters started attacking policemen.

According to Rescue 1122, six people were injured in the clash at Clock Tower Chowk, seven at Daulat Gate and one at Nala Wali Mohammad. At least 25 injured people, including three policemen, were taken to the Nishtar Hospital – seven of them with bullet injuries. The condition of Awais, Habibur Rehman, Naeem and Ghulam Abbas was stated to be serious. Later in the day, the official vehicle of Commissioner Syed Ali Murtaza came under attack by protesters. Four motorcycles were also set on fire in various areas. Stick-wielding protesters forced traders to shut their shops and kept roaming the roads and streets. Police used teargas and baton charges to stop them from indulging in arson. A number of roads were blocked by the demonstrators. BAHAWALNAGAR: The army took over control of Chishtian as tension gripped the town after furious protesters vandalized a place of worship on Friday. Ten people, including seven policemen, were injured in Haroonabad and Chishtian in violence during a strike on Saturday. According to sources, Sunni Ulema in Chishtian complained to the administration that a Zakir had made objectionable remarks in a speech during a procession on Tuesday. They said clerics from both sides and the administration agreed that the ‘controversial person’ would be gagged. However, Sunnis held a demonstration on Friday since he was allowed to speak during the MULTAN, P10



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Social Media Gets Active

US Advises Investors to Support Energy Sector Washington, DC: The US admin-

Rawalpindi; Many citizens think that denial of live coverage by the electronic media of Friday’s sectarian mayhem in the city saved the people from the worse. But, no denying, there were efforts to add fuel to the fire. Technology savvy religious zealots took to social networking websites to spread sectarian hatred, especially the Facebook and Twitter feeds. They posted unverified accounts of the violence and uploaded pictures — many appearing to be fake — of the Raja Bazaar hotspot to pitch different sects against each other. Luckily, their reach was limited for the usual reasons: weak signals and irregular electricity supply. Their hate propaganda could barely reach rural areas where hotheads are believed to be more numerous than in the urban localities. Still, the propaganda did spread scare in big cities. However, the Punjab government took measures to control possible damage. The provincial law minister Rana Sanaullah was rushed to Rawalpindi to give details of the tragedy and the victims it claimed at a press conference on Monday. Rana Sanaullah dispelled the impression presented by the social media about the death toll and rubbished all rumours. Nine people died in the violence on Friday and one died on Monday, he told the listless media. “Ten people died and 56 were injured, including six policemen,” he said. “Of the injured, 44 have been discharged and 12 are being treated in the hospital. Three of them are in critical condition.” Two of the dead belonged to

South Waziristan, two each to Azad Kashmir, Khushab and Rawalpindi and one belonged to Mansehra, he added. However many seminary students and people were seen looking at pictures on their mobile phones. “These are real pictures that my friend uploaded from the social media. The government is hiding facts,” said Mohammad Khizar, a 17-yearold student, sitting in a group at Mochi Bazaar. “After removing the rubble, Rescue 1122 will find more bodies which I have seen on the internet,” said Javed Iqbal, standing near the debris at Dingi Khoi. He said that the media and government were hiding pictures but some people had managed to obtain them from their cameras and uploaded them on the internet, insisting that they were not fake. There were reports that the government would remove the fake pictures and information available on social media. However, Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) spokesman Khurram Mehran told Dawn that the authority had not received any directions from the federal government in this regard.—

istration has joined the Pakistani government in urging American investors to invest in Pakistan, says the State Department. In a statement issued here on Friday, the State Department said that Federal Minister for Petroleum Shahid Khaqan Abbasi and US Ambassador in Islamabad Richard Olson made an appeal to this effect at a recent conference in Houston, Texas. They told representatives from international oil and service companies that Pakistan was an attractive place to invest, particularly in offshore gas exploration, equipment provision, and LNG supply. The US Embassy in Islamabad organized a three-day trade mission in Houston this week, enabling Pakistani officials and businessmen to discuss exploration and production and LNG business opportunities with US and international firms. More than 100 energy sector representatives participated in the trade mission. The Houston Mayor’s office, which held a reception for the participants, highlighted the robust business and trade relationship between Pakistan and Houston (around $275 million annually) and the Houston-Karachi sister city relationship. Mr Abbasi spoke about the g o v e r n m e n t’s trade-not-justaid policy in his interaction with US business representatives. Pakistani delegates also visited sites that displayed cutting edge technology and equipment. This is the first trade mission organized by the United States since the re-launch of the Strategic Dialogue and builds on the US-Pakistan business opp or tunit ies conference in Dubai in June.

Pakistanis May Face Travel Ban if Polio Not Curbed Peshawar: After infecting China,

Egypt, Palestine and Syria, the Pakistan poliovirus now threatens Turkey and parts of Europe as the ban on anti-polio campaign in parts of the tribal areas continues to deprive thousands of children of vaccination against the crippling disease. The situation also mocks the authorities of the polio program, who tried their level best to eradicate polio from Pakistan. After confirmation from the WHO and Unicef that the poliovirus that infected 13 children in Syria belonged to Pakistan, scientists in Europe have now put the Republic of Turkey in a state of high alert, fearing that the massive refugee movement into the country from Syria may transmit the poliovirus. Dr Martin Eichner from the University of Tubingen and Stefan Brockmann of Germany’s Reutlingen Regional Public Health Office, in their joint article published in the globally famous Lancet Medical Journal said that most European countries administer anti-polio vaccine at the time of birth, rather than giving antipolio drops repeatedly. “Since a large number of refugees are fleeing Syria and seeking refuge in neighboring countries and Europe, there is now a chance the virus could be carried to the areas that have been polio-free for decades,” he said. A health expert requesting anonymity said the social sector minister of Syria had been claiming that the

virus was transmitted from Pakistan’s militancy-affected Federally Administered Tribal Areas (Fata) into his country as he intended to prove the foreign militants’ involvement in Syria’s uprising. “According to our research, the virus that has been detected in Syria was the same that was traced in Egypt and it has been transmitted from Egypt to Syria and has nothing to do with Fata rebels,” explained an official of the WHO. Pleading anonymity, he said Pakistan may be singled out for international travel restrictions if steps were not taken to stop the transmission of poliovirus from the country. “The mistrust of parents in the anti-polio drive and increasing number of refusals by parents is the biggest challenge for the anti-polio drive in the country,” a WHO official said. He revealed that Pakistan recorded a huge number of 65,000 families that refused administering polio vaccines to their children during the recently concluded polio campaign. By recording 62 polio cases this year, Pakistan has already crossed last year’s polio case count of 58. The experts believe that the country was on track to report over 70 polio cases during the current year. The Fata region remains the frontrunner in reporting polio cases as 43 children have been paralyzed in the region. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa BAN, P27



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Community Link Friday, November 22, 2013

VOL. 23/47 PAGE 20

Multi-Billion Dollar Pay Day for Suhail Rizvi

PAGE 21 egum PAGE

SALAM’s Fall Fundraising Banquet

18 Muharram 1435 H


Divides Dissolve & Togetherness Begins

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9th Annual 2013 NED Alumni Convention in Connecticut

An outstanding feature of the convention was the successful launch of NED ALEF - Alumni Endowment Fund - that won overwhelming support of the Alumni with pledges of over $110,000

Dream to Destiny” was the theme of the 9th Annual 2013 NED Alumni International Convention held in Hartford, Connecticut, from September 6-8. An outstanding feature of the convention was the successful launch of NED ALEF - Alumni Endowment Fund - that won overwhelming support of the Alumni with pledges of over $110,000.

The presence of Advisor to VC Engr Syed Ishteaque Ahmed from NEDUET, and that of retired Professor Dr Shams Ul Haq, was much appreciated and served as an inspiration to the organizers and the attendees. The convention was hosted by NEDIAN-NA, an umbrella organization of NED Alumni Associations in North America, which includes Chi-

cago, Silicon Valley, New England, New Jersey, Southern California, Houston, Washington DC, Alberta, and Ontario in collaboration with co-host MEDAA-NE, and member networks of NEDIAN-NA. It began on Friday the 6th with a special kick off dinner and a musical evening, including a talent show. Following a hearty breakfast on Saturday, the convention’s proceedings commenced with the brief remarks of Aslam Siddiui (Civil 84), Vice-President of NEDAA-NE. Several discussions followed beginning with “Karachi - A Future Megacity” conducted by Engr Abul Islam, (Civil 81), Founder and CEO of AI Engineers, CT. This session featured Arif Hassan, an internationally recognized architect and planner from Karachi and recipient of the presti-

gious Hilal-i-Imtiaz award. To him goes the credit of starting the department of architecture at NEDUET. The other panel members were: Engr Nasir Raza (Civil 80) with expertise in urban infrastructure planning and design who is presently associated with Gannett Fleming’s Phoenix office; Engr Ali Mallick (Civil 80), with expertise in highways, sewer systems, water mains, bridges, and retaining walls with construction values over $1 billion and is from New York City; Engr Saba Engineer (Civil 87) with expertise in public development projects and currently with the County of Monterey, Salinas, California. The first session, The “Alumni” Session, was chaired by Engr Anas Hashmi (Civil 94), secretary of NEDIAN-NA. Anas provided an update

on the Alumni Networks, and moderated participating NED networks to share their contributions to their Alma Mater, and introduced the network representatives. This is an annual forum for each member organization to share with all the Alumni their activities in the past year and plans for the upcoming year. A third session was headed by Engr Athar Javaid (Elec/Mech 62), reporting on the progress of “The Project INDUS” (initiated at NED 2012 DC convention). This is an NEDian Initiative for cultivating quality leadership in Pakistan by mobilizing people’s power. Everyone is encouraged to get involved; details can be found on the project website at The final session of the morning for the Project NED ALEF (NED

Alumni Endowment Fund) started with the concept presentation by Engr Rashid Ali Baig (Civil 82), which was once again unanimously approved by the conference attendees vividly demonstrating the desire and willingness of the Alumni to see progress at NEDUET. The panel consisted of Engr Syed Ishteaque Ahmed (Mech 73), Advisor to VC on Students and Financial Affairs and representing NEDUET; Dr Shahid M. Farooqi, Senior Investment Analyst at the University of Connecticut who has expertise in understanding the purpose and operation of Endowed/Non-Endowed funds and has managed $750 million in gifts and pledges at UCON; Amir Ulislam (Civil 86), CEO of Jersey Precast and affiliates and a philanthropist; Engr Qamar Kazmi (Civil 75), Senior Vice



President at Schnabel Engineering, a national geotechnical firm. Besides, there was the bus and train tour in the afternoon. And as a group of about twenty NEDians deliberated in an open forum on the future of conventions and others took the time to catch up on rest, over a hundred conventioneers boarded two buses and went on a tour of Hartford City and a scenic train ride. The Grand Finale of the Convention, the Gala Banquet of Saturday evening, drew a crowd of over 400 attendees. The MCs for the evening were two NEDians: Engr Anis Tilmizi (Civil 84) of Texas and Engr Dr. Asma Ali (Civil 94) of DC. Speakers included Engr Syed Ishteaque Ahmed, advisor to VC, representing NEDUET, who spoke on the state of affairs of the University; Engr Ahmed Ali (Civil 71) Chairman NEDIANNA, who presented a synopsis of NEDIAN-NA and appealed for support of NED ALEF; and Engr Abul Islam (Civil 81) Chairman of NEDAA-NE and Co-Chair of the NED 2013 CT Convention Committee. The most inspiring segment of the evening was the NED ALEF presentation, initiated by Engr Qamar Kazmi, a poet, who presented a touching poem in support of the endowment fund that left a deep impression on the participants. He was followed by Engr Amir Ulislam and Engr Tanweer Malik for a short but very effective fund-raising effort raising over $110,000. No event is complete without “halla gulla”. The entertainment program consisted of young bhangra dancers from UCON and a hilarious comedian. The musical evening had two major entertainers: the legendary Munni Begum and the renowned young singer Fakhir, whose performance was accompanied by what has now become a convention tradition - NEDians dancing to the music ! It is practically impossible to

measure and quantify the success of the amazing event that the NEDIAN-NA and NEDAA-NE team put together. Indeed any success metric pales in comparison to the energy, beaming smiles, emotional embraces and forward looking discussions that were visible in every corner of the huge site of the ballroom for the event. The specially served meals (reception / dinner on the 6th, boxed lunch, hor douvres and dinner on the 7th, and halwa, aloo chana, nahari and naan on the 8th) all provided an opportunity to enjoy some of the finest Pakistani food available in the US. Kudos to the entire planning committee, the volunteers, the friends and families that supported them in the long preparation for the event. It was certainly worth it. A special recognition and thanks to Arif Sattar, Syed Mehdi Kamal, Tanweer Mallick, Rashid Ali Baig, Safwan Shah, Amir Ulislam, Qamar Kazmi, Afzaal Hafeez, Abul Islam, Aslam Siddiqui (Aslam was also recognized with Award of Excellence in the evening program) , Asif Iqbal , Mohammad Ali, Asma Ali, and many more for their untiring efforts and energy in organizing the convention. As NEDians we always debate the significance of putting together social events and their long term value for the NEDian community. Below are some feedback comments: “ … we also had great time at the convention, we really appreciate the way our seniors responded to us. Shall remain in touch and we’ll always be there to do whatever we can for the three words ‘N.E.D.’ because it gives us the memories to cherish for the rest of our lives, and seniors like you too. “Thank you so much Zia uncle for taking the pictures, we really appreciate your effort because you were the one who was behind the camera and your pictures weren’t taken

much. We had a great time at the convention and would like to thank all the seniors for responding to us in an affable manner. Shall remain engaged and will always be there for NED whenever needed”. “Indeed it was a heartwarming experience attending the event. Thank you for your hospitality and the exceptional food. Where else but the convention, you can run in to NEDians after 33 years of lapse”. And finally a humbling endorsement from Dr Afzal Haque (Mech 77), Vice Chancellor, NED: “I just heard from Ishteaque Bhai that your convention was a success. You and your team were able to raise more than $ 100,000 for NED. It’s remarkable and this is only due to you and your team’s personal efforts. I personally thank you and other NEDIAN-NA executives for all the hard work undertaken in raising such a large amount in one event, in fact first time in the history of NED. This is the beginning and Inshallah this process will go on with more vigor in future as well. I salute you and your team for taking the fund raising initiative for NED and I assure you that this fund will be used for the best interest of our alma mater which will be decided in consultation with you. Finally please accept my personal congratulations on holding successfully the NEDIAN-NA Annual Convention. Inshallah next year I will try my best to attend it”. Once again, heartfelt thanks and gratitude to the organizers for taking the lead to keep the spirit of NED alive and inspiring NEDians everywhere. Many thanks to our major sponsors/donors who made the convention possible. Please log on to our web site for a copy of the convention magazine and contact information of our supporters. The success of any movement is relevant if it is sustained and there

Multi-Billion Dollar Pay Day for Twitter Investor Suhail Rizvi n By Riaz Haq


uhail Rizvi’s 15.6% stake in Twitter was worth $3.8 billion at the end of trading on Thursday when the social media company went public on the New York Stock Exchange.

Suhail Rizvi graduated from the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton Business School. He started and sold a telecom company soon after, and with the proceeds financed the buy-out of an electronic manufacturing business of a Puerto Rico phone company whose annual revenue he boosted from $10 million to $450 million by focusing on higher end products. Suhail Rizvi moved with his parents to the United States in 1971 when he was only five. His father Raza Rizvi taught psychology at Ellsworth Community College in Iowa Falls, Iowa, where Suhail and his brother Ashraf, who is a hedge fund manager, went to school. In addition to Rizvi Traverse Capital’s $3.82 billion, other big winners of Twitter IPO include Evan Williams $2.55 billion, JP Morgan are others who are willing to join and carry forward the cause. We will soon announce the location of our 10th NED Alumni International Convention 2014. Build a Better NED, NEDians for NED, Long Live NED, Long Live Pakistan The door to help NEDUET is always open. Log in to WWW.NEDIAN-NA.COM to make your donation.

$2.19 billion, Spark Capital $1.46 billion, Benchmark Capital $1.42 billion, USV $1.25 billion, DST Global $1.07 billion, Jack Dorsey $1.05 billion, Dick Costolo $344 million, and Adam Bain $80 million. Rizvi Traverse’s other major investments include a controlling interest in Playboy and music rights organization Sesac, as well as stakes in news app Flipboard and Jack Dorsey’s digital payments company, Square. Sources told CNBC that Rizvi invested $100 million in Facebook before its IPO and sold its shares earlier this year. It also has sold its equity stake in talent agency ICM, and in “Twilight” producer Summit Entertainment, which sold to Lionsgate. Rizvi’s biggest individual client is Prince Waleed Bin Talal of Saudi Arabia who invested $300 million pre-IPO in Twitter through Rizvi Traverse. Rizvi also invested JP Morgan Chase’s $400 million pre-IPO in Twitter. Rizvi is reported to have used personal connections in Silicon Valley to purchase these stakes from Twitter employees.



Charity and Spirituality Mark SALAM’s Fall Fundraising Banquet

SALAM’s Fall Fundraising Banquet was a success, bringing the community a step closer to paying off the loan taken to build one of the most beautiful mosques in the region


n By Ras H. Siddiqui

he Sacramento Area League of Associated Muslims (SALAM) held its Fall Fundraising Banquet at the Citrus Heights Community Center on Saturday November 2nd. Over 400 people, including prominent members of the area Muslim community, attended the program.

SALAM prides itself on being an open mosque and place of Islamic learning. Its outreach efforts are wellknown all over Sacramento and far beyond. But none of these attributes would have been possible without the support and generosity of the area community, and once again they did not disappoint. Serious thinking, charity and spirituality combined with comic relief (provided by Muslim-American comedian Azhar Usman) made the event a success. The evening started off with the customary Qur’anic Recitation by Adnan Syed with a follow up English translation by Muzhda Ferouz. Master of ceremonies Asif Haq introduced everyone to the agenda for the evening and invited SALAM Chairman of the Board Farrukh Saeed to deliver the welcome address. “We want SALAM to be an institution,” said Farrukh. He added that the mission of this organization should

continue for generations. He also expressed pride in the fact that SALAM through its elaborate website (http:// now had a global reach and shared an email received from the Nederland’s (Holland) that stated that they use SALAM’s very own Imam Azeez’s lectures in their study of Islam. Farrukh also took the opportunity to thank SALAM’s team members and volunteers for organizing and executing the event. Next, the SALAM Education Scholarship segment awarded the Professor Ayad Al-Qazzaz Scholarship and the Professors Metwalli & Rosalie Amer Scholarship to four deserving area students. The winners had to establish both need and academic achievement to receive the monetary honor presented to them. Speaking of honor, the SALAM Distinguished Award for superior services and support offered to the area Muslim community was presented to the husband-and-wife team of Arshad and Nadira Alvi. Over the long years of my association with Arshad Alvi and Sister Nadira and the SALAM organization environment, one fact that needs mentioning here is that they have never sought the limelight while doing their work and making donations. That is why it was great to see them on the stage for a

change to receive their well-deserved award of community appreciation. Arshad in his humble speech mentioned the importance of giving in this life with the hope to receive Allah’s (SWT) mercy in the afterlife. After a brief mention of key people present by Asif Haq, an overview of SALAM’s financial position was presented by Farrukh Saeed. One should highlight here that SALAM’s beautiful Mosque still needs to be paid off. The main issue right now is a $900,000 bank loan which needs to be paid by the year 2020. This information set the stage for Imam M. A. Azeez of SALAM to come to the stage and start the fundraiser. Imam Azeez received the FBI Director Award in the year 2009. He has been a positive factor in the Sacramento area Muslim community activism for a number of years now and it feels like one can talk to him about anything. On this day he had an injured finger but that did not take anything away from his wit and enthusiasm. In his inspiring speech he touched on a number of issues related to our relationship with God, between ourselves and with our neighbors. He stressed that Allah is very pleased with the happiness we bring to others and the importance of being a catalyst for good in the com-

munity. He said that SALAM plays an important role (a place that brings benefit to others) and that is one of the many reasons why it needs our support. At last count over $137,000 was raised at this fundraiser with not all the checks, pledges and cash counted. A fine Persian dinner by Sacramento’s local Famous Kabob Restaurant was served buffet style after the fundraiser. The last segment of the evening was comic relief via Muslim-American comedian Azhar Usman. Sporting quite a beard and dressed in camouflage (Fidel Castro style), Azhar took very little time in getting everyone’s attention. This was not his first appearance at a SALAM fundraiser but his material was refreshingly new to the delight of many in attendance. During his almost hour long performance he touched on interesting issues related to various ethnic groups within Islam and some outside the faith. “Don’t Kafirize me man!” was one observation he shared while touching on subjects such as Halloween, Haram is Haram, Harry Potter, Arab men, Latin Women, Pakistanis and Indians, etc. Azhar spent some time in Egypt (in Cairo to be exact) where he had to struggle to convince people that his name actually was Azhar (Cairo

is where the famous Al Azhar University is located). He said that it was like someone in Boston telling people there that their name was Harvard. Another favorite topic of his was how Indians and Pakistanis speak English, including his Indian father. “What is wrong in it?” He spoke of the staring problem in the two countries and how South-Asian aunties can converse for a long time while using just three or four Urdu words all translating to “yes” in English. He imagined the problem that someone (a person maybe from an agency) who is listening and having a difficult time translating for his superiors (all “yesses”) while protecting America’s security. But Azhar Usman also showed his maturity when he highlighted the need for everyone to battle stereotyping and judging people by the way they look. To conclude, SALAM’s Fall Fundraising Banquet was a success, bringing the community a step closer to paying off the loan taken to build one of the most beautiful mosques in the region. But external beauty aside, what is inside the structure is certainly more important, and one hopes that the vision of SALAM as an American institution devoted to Islamic teachings and practices thrives into the future.


P22 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 22, 2013 n By Pawan Bali


American University Washington, DC

e all sat in a circle, surrounded by the tranquility of a richly decorated mosque in Washington DC. We were for once away from all schisms - of religion, faith and nations. Ten American students, a Pakistani professor and an Indian journalist - we all sat in a circle to explore the space where divides end, and togetherness begins.

This was not new for Professor Akbar Ahmed, a former Pakistani Ambassador and a reputed scholar of Islam, who had been a force behind the interfaith dialogue in Washington DC after 9/11. For his students at American University, the experience was a novel one -for most of them, it was their first ever visit to a mosque. Our group was a concoction of identities - Native Americans, Roman Catholics, Moroccan Jews, and I, a Sikh from the Indian side of Kashmir. The visit was scheduled to give students, from Professor Ahmed’s popular World of Islam class at American University, an experience of a mosque and to clear misperceptions about clashes of faiths. We chose to visit the Islamic Center in DC, a mosque designed by an Italian architect and constructed in the fifties. The Imam at the Center led us through the prayers and explained the three categories in Islam - a Muslim, who may or may not be truly spiritual; a Momim, a believer who practices his belief faithfully; and the highest category of a Muhsin, who is benevolent, charitable and a humanitarian to all mankind. For him, spreading education or ilm met with the highest category - a reason why he often addressed Professor Akbar Ahmed as Muhsin. Imam Abdullah M Khouj, who is from Mecca, became a Hafiz, or someone who memorizes the entire Qur’an, at the age of 11. He clearly held high reverence for scholarship and service, perhaps even greater than just practicing beliefs. Imam Khouj, who has been the head of

When Divides Dissolve, Togetherness Begins

Professor Akbar Ahmed and Imam Abdullah M Khouj (third and fourth from right) with a group of American University students

the mosque for over 30 years, was refreshingly candid and admirably patient. He discussed how Islam teaches a respect for differences, “ If God wanted all of us to be the same, He would have made us the same”. For most of us, who were not so familiar with the Qura’nic verses, he quoted a verse, “ To you your religion and to me mine”. Clearly, a phrase missed out in the entire “clash of civilization” debate. For the students, the experience was varied. For some it was humbling. For others, enlightening - a reminder of how similar, yet different the ways of God are.

Casey Wilson, a Catholic American, says it was just a reminder of the similarities between Christianity and Islam. “ They may have different pillars and practices, but the passionate belief in God resonates”, she says. Lareina Montoyo, a Mohawk from Six Nations, left the mosque with these similarities bundled up with her. “We, the Native Americans, do not call our traditions a religion, but rather view it as a way of life. We have always been taught tolerance, community service and to contribute towards the larger good of the mankind - the ideas which are very similar to

what I heard at the mosque,” says Montoyo. While the similarities were celebrated, the differences were respected. Sandra Mekler, a Jew from Morroco says, “As a Jew, I was taught that we did not bow, as we did not idolize. But when I saw the prayers, as men bowed and prostrated together in perfect unison, I thought it was a touching act of humbleness.” “Shoeless, modest and humble,” she sums it up. In the mosque, under the magnificent bronze Egyptian chandelier, we sat together in a circle as teachers and learners. We discussed why women pray in separate spaces, why religions have sectarian divides. We explored how humility and submission are at the core of spirituality, how various faiths were connected with a common thread. When we were about to leave, I turned to Imam Khouj and told him that the holy text of the Sikhs, the Guru Granth Sahib, repeats the name Allah 46 times. Professor Ahmed reiterated that the fifth Sikh Guru asked a Muslim Sufi saint, Mian Mir, to lay the foundation stone of the Holiest Sikh shrine, the Golden Temple in Amritsar. Here we were, a Pakistani professor, an Indian journalist and ten American students, attempting to find bridges between faiths. My mind raced back to the raging battles between nations, to the gunfire on the borders, to attacks on places of worship, to condemnation in the name of faith. Far away from these clashes, here we were as a small group, dissolving divides that we had known, finding common spaces. As we all walked out of the mosque on a sunny autumn afternoon, I could only hope that this microcosm of togetherness spreads around. That we all begin by seeing a part of ourselves in the “other”. It was a bright, warm autumn afternoon. We said a little prayer. For warmth. And, for togetherness (Pawan Bali is an Indian journalist and is currently pursuing her Master’s in International Peace and Conflict Studies at American University, Washington DC. She has worked with the Indian news channel CNN-IBN and the Indian Express newspaper)


NOVEMBER 22, 2013 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; PAKISTAN LINK â&#x20AC;&#x201C; P23

Battered Pakistan Looking to Reset

Pakistan will hope for improved form from the likes of Mohammad Hafeez, Ahmed Shehzad and Umar Akmal.

JOHANNESBURG: Five days after completing a series in the United Arab Emirates, South Africa and Pakistan square up again in a Twenty20 International at the Wanderers Stadium. Two Twenty20 games will be followed by three One-day Internationals in a tour arranged in haste after a fall-out between the Indian and South African boards led to India cutting short a tour to the republic. It is the third tour featuring South Africa and Pakistan this year. The Pakistanis played three Tests, five One-day Internationals and two Twenty20 Internationals in South Africa between January and March. In a reciprocal tour which ended last Friday, the two nations clashed in two Tests, five One-day Internationals and two Twenty20 Internationals in the United Arab Emirates. The tour will serve a double purpose for South Africa. It will reduce the estimated loss of an estimated more than US$10-million caused by the curtailment of the India tour, four

One-day Internationals and two Twenty20 games were cut from the original itinerary, and it will enable the host country's limited overs teams to continue to work towards the elusive goal of winning a global tournament. Although South Africa's Test team are the undisputed world champions, both the Twenty20 and oneday sides have had mediocre records in recent times. Both made considerable progress in the UAE, where South Africa won the one-day series 4-1 and the Twenty20 series 20.Pakistan, by contrast, have ground to make up after their batsmen in particular let them down in the recent series. Mohammad Hafeez, Pakistan's T20 captain, said in an arrival press conference on Sunday that his players were heartened by their showing in South Africa earlier in the year when they won the only completed 20-overs game and extended South Africa before losing the one-day series 3-2, with their batsmen performing better

than they did in the UAE. "We put up a good show in the shorter formats and we believe in this part of the world, we've done reasonably well," said Hafeez. Pakistan coach Dav Whatmore, whose contract will not be renewed when it expires in February, hailed the emergence of the hard-hitting Sohaib Maqsood as a positive from the recent series. But Pakistan will hope for improved form from the likes of Hafeez, Ahmed Shehzad and Umar Akmal. Pakistan will be without tall left-arm fast bowler Mohammad Irfan, one of their better bowlers in the recent series. He suffered a hip injury in the last match in the UAE. South Africa named an unchanged squad for the two Twenty20 games. A squad for the One-day Internationals will be named later in the week. It is widely expected that veteran all-rounder Jacques Kallis will be included. Kallis has not played in a One-day International since February 2012. Squads: South Africa (T20 squad): Faf du Plessis (captain), Hashim Amla, Henry Davids, Quinton de Kock, A.B. de Villiers, J.P. Duminy, Imran Tahir, Ryan McLaren, David Miller, Morne Morkel, Wayne Parnell, Aaron Phangiso, Lonwabo Tsotsobe, Dale Steyn, David Wiese. Pakistan (tour squad): Mohammad Hafeez (T20 captain), Misbah-ul-Haq (ODI captain), Ahmed Shehzad, Umar Akmal, Umar Amin, Shahid Afridi, Abdul Razzaq, Shoaib Malik, Sohaib Maqsood, Sohail Tanvir, Anwar Ali, Junaid Khan, Saeed Ajmal, Abdur Rehman, Nasir Jamshed, Asad Shafiq, Bilawal Bhatti. Schedule: Nov 20: First Twenty20 International (Johannesburg). Nov 22: Second Twenty20 International (Cape Town). Nov 24: First One-day International (Cape Town). Nov 27: Second One-day International (Port Elizabeth). Nov 30: Third One-day International (Centurion). J

Zaheer Wants 'Sachin Dispelled All Doubts When He Hit Waqar Younis for a Boundary Resumption of IndoPak Cricketing Ties After Being Hit On the Nose' NEW DELHI: Before Sachin Tendulkar played for India, I had heard about him and seen photos of the prodigious youngster. But, the first time I watched him bat was when he travelled to Pakistan for his maiden tour in 1989and he had made his debut at Karachi. This young boy was up against the likes of Waqar Younis, Wasim Akram and Imran Khan. Later on the tour, he was hit on the nose by Waqar and he bled. Here was a child, up against three fierce bowlers and I was worried. But, then he hit the next ball to the boundary and that dispelled all the doubts. Sachin has played for 24 years and there have been many memorable moments throughout. To pick one is a very difficult as he has given us so much joy. I was in Delhi once when India were playing a Test match. I was staying at the Hotel Le Meridian and when I was in the lobby, he saw me. Immediately, he came towards me, greeted me and said, "I am your fan." That is his greatness. I am not an Amitabh Bachchan or an Aamir Khan, but he still came and wished me. That has been my only personal meeting with him so far. Of course, I

have watched him play quite a lot. As he retires, I would say that Sachin has made the right decision. He was at the peak of his powers for a long time during his career. It is a timely call by him. Despite all the challenges, he made the decision on his own. J

ISLAMABAD: Asian Bradman Zaheer Abbas said if he got a chance to meet Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) he will ask them about the restoration of Indo-Pak cricketing ties in the region. "This is a popular sport and a great art in sub-continent. People here are crazy about it and the clash between the two cricketing giants will raise the standard of the game as well," he told Zaheer further said Sri Lanka and Bangladesh played a full series against one another earlier this year through which quality cricketers emerged. "It was once the case that Pakistan was a better team in all respects but India has overtaken us and produced some of the best batsmen in the world," he said. Zaheer said he was a great proponent of the resumption of bilateral cricketing ties between the two nations and was also keen to convey this message to the BCCI. Zaheer Abbas has featured in some memorable encounters against India, and had in pocket a phenomenal Test average of 87.0 with six centuries and three half centuries. J


Virat Kohli Faces Challenge from AB de Villiers for No1 Spot in ODI Ranking LONDON: The ICC ODI batsmen rankings is set to see things heat up as just eight rating points separate Indian vice-captain Virat Kohlifrom South African captain AB de Villiers. In the next few weeks, as India play West Indies in a three-match series from November 21 in Kochi to November 27; while South Africa is set to play Pakistan in a threematch series from November 24 to November 30 as both men will have a chance to top the rankings. A few weeks ago Kohli, 25 replaced another South African Hashim Amla as the No1 ODI bats-

man after the India-Australia series. Being ranked top batsman was a featVirat Kohli achieved for the first-time in his career. De Villiers on the other hand has been ranked No1 batsman previously and June 2013 was the last time he headed the ODI rankings. Both Kohli and de Villiers are enjoying great form which could make the coming few weeks interesting in terms of the rankings as they have a great chance to end the year as No1. Their bats will have to do the talking as well as help decide who will rule the rankings. J

Pakistan to Stage Asian Team & 6-Red Snooker Next Year KARACHI: Pakistan has been allocated to stage the 2nd Asian Team Snooker and 3rd 6-Red Championship in Karachi in August 2014, the Pakistan Billiards and Snooker Association (PBSA) announced recently. The PBSA won the bid to stage the continental championship during the meeting of the Asian Confederation of Billiards Sports. During the year 2014, Pakistan senior and junior players will feature in seven international events. Pakistan juniors will appear in the 15th Asian Under-21 Snooker Championship to be held in Lucknow, India from April 5 to 11 besides taking part in the IBSF

World Under-21 Championship to be held in July for which the venue will be decided later. Pakistan seniors will be seen in action in the IBSF World 6-Red and World Team Championship to be held in May for which venue will be finalised in due course of time. Pakistan's top cueists will represent the country in the 30th Asian Snooker Championship to be held in Fujaira, United Arab Emirates from April 26 to May 3. Other international events in which Pakistan will take part are SangSom 6-Red World Championship in Bangkok, Thailand in September and the IBSF World Snooker Championship to be held in October in Karachi. J

Ashes 2013-14: Brad Haddin - It Doesn't Get Better Than This SYDNEY: Australia vice-captain Brad Haddin cannot wait for the start of the Ashes, insisting: "It doesn't get better." The first Test begins in Brisbane on Wednesday night, UK time, and Haddin is looking forward to getting the build-up out of the way and commence battle with England. "No matter who you're playing, it's an exciting time the first Test match of any summer," he said. "Here at the Gabba or anywhere it's an exciting time and to add the spice it's an Ashes campaign. It doesn't get any better. It's going to be great fun." England go into the series as favourites having won 3-0 in the summer, and Haddin said that whilst they deserved their victory, Australia are confident they can turn things around. "I think England deserve to have

the 3-0 tag, they obviously played the better cricket and won the big moments. (But) I think we've shown through that time at the back end of the series that we were playing a brand of cricket that we think can get the results in Test cricket," he said. "So from that point of view we've gone away and looked at a few areas that we need to improve on to turn that 3-0 scoreline around. "The expectations are always high when you start a Test campaign and I think the hype that gets built up outside is always good theatre. For us it's cricket as normal, it's an exciting time because it is the Ashes and it's the first Test of the summer. Once the first 10 minutes of the game goes and you take the emotion out of it and start to play cricket it's always good fun." J

P24 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 22, 2013 n By Dr Zafar M. Iqbal TCCI Chicago, IL


ome things we do every day, more or less the same way, and day after day. Routines we all go through, almost unconsciously, but when we deviate any (or had to, for some reason), we feel something is missing that day.

Creatures of habit , we all are! • In “Daily Rituals: How Great Minds Make Time, Find Inspiration, and Get to Work: How Artists Work,” a recent book edited by Mason Currey (ISBN: ISBN-10: 0307273601; Knopf, 2013), you can read about what over 160 creative public figures such as writers, scientists, artists, conductors, film makers, politicians and other famous people used to do outside the area in which they had achieved prominence. Their routines may not be much different from some of our own daily rituals. • Many were early risers, drank coffee and did different things, each his/her own way. Proust smoked opium (supposedly for his asthma) before coffee and croissant. He, like Truman Capote and Patricia Highsmith, also worked in bed, surrounded by alcoholic drinks, cigarettes and food. Apparently, Capote “couldn’t begin or end anything on a Friday.” Beethoven put exactly 60 handcounted coffee beans in a cup. That’s not the only odd thing he did: he would splash himself at wash-stand, repeatedly, which spilled water everywhere, something his neighbors and others did not understand or appreciate. Other coffee-addicts included Balzac who had 50 cups of coffee a day (and died when he was 5l). Mozart had his hair done by 6 AM, then 2 hours of composition, 4 hours of teaching before lunch. Soren Kierkegaard, the Danish existentialist philosopher, would ask his assistant who brought the afternoon coffee to give him the reason for the choice of coffee that day, before pouring strong black coffee over a cupful of sugar. Gustave Flaubert wanted to have his mother sit by his bed for a chat after he got up at 10 AM and for that he knocked on the ceiling. James Joyce played piano and sang before writing in the afternoon. Benjamin Franklin had his “air

n By Dylan Stableford


he pilot of a Southwest Airlines flight gave passengers a scare last Tuesday when he announced over the loudspeaker that the plane was “going down.”

“He said, ‘We’re going down,’” Shelley Wills, one of the passengers on the Boeing 737 en route from Tampa, Fla., to Raleigh-Durham International Airport, told ABC’s affiliate there. “And everyone is looking around like, ‘Is this a joke? Is he serious?’ And then you felt the nosedive.” “At first it sounded like someone was coming over the PA to talk,” Grace Stroud, another passenger, told CNN. “Then it sounded like shots through the cabin, twice, back to back. Seconds later, the panicked captain said, ‘We’re in trouble, we’re going down.’” Wills said she tried to console a woman seated next to her who was clutching her chest. “I’m thinking, ‘Oh my God, she’s going to scare

Creatures of Habit

bath” (sitting around, naked), regardless of the weather. WH Auden, a British-America poet, worked at the crosswords, with “eating, drinking, writing, shopping and even the mailman’s arrival, all ... timed to the minute,” all supported by amphetamines during the day and sedatives at night. The American writer, Earnest Hemingway, a famous night owl who was out drinking, still liked getting up early and write because “there is no one to disturb you and it’s cool or cold and come to work and warm [up with coffee] as you write.” Others who had other commitments (job, children or both) agreed with Hemingway, and found the mornings good for writing. Novelist-short story-writer John Cheever had an interesting schedule in 1940s: each morning, he’d get dressed in business suit, and like most commuters, take the elevator downstairs -- all the way to his favorite storage room in the basement —and strip down to his shorts and write all morning before dressing back up to come upstairs for lunch and a relaxing afternoon later. Some faithfully maintained a rigorous schedule, compulsively kept: Anthony Trollope typed for 3 hours a morning, at the rate of 250 words every 15minutes; Joyce Carol Oates worked from 8 in the morning to 1 in the afternoon, and then from 4 to 7PM. Stephen King wrote 2,000 words every morning, thought writing “as a waking dream” and used his “schedule” to “habituate” himself like getting ready to dream, as you prepare yourself to sleep. Charles Dickens, the prolific novelist, as quoted by his son, wrote with the work-ethic that “no city clerk” could be “ever more methodical or orderly.” While Voltaire was at his desk 20 hours a day Gertrude Stein thought that 30 minutes a day was enough to make “a lot writing year by year.” Sylvia Plath found it difficult to stick to any schedule. Some were known for their peculiar taste and habits: Friedrich Schiller, the German poet/philosopher and friend of Goethe, liked the smell of rotting apples while he wrote. Some well- known authors worked in areas totally unrelated to what they became famous for—jobs that required work-ethics and discipline, besides giving them some fi-

nancial security: Kafka worked as an insurance officer; William Faulkner, the American novelist, wrote in the afternoons while he had a night shift at a power plant; among American poets T. S. Eliot worked in Lloyds Bank in London; William Carlos Williams was a pediatrician; Wallace Stevens, an insurance officer. In some cases a famous person received some personal help: Freud’s wife put toothpaste overnight on his

drugs or alcohol,” except that an occasional glass of wine made him “incredibly happy.” Composers like Beethoven, Mahler and Tchaikovsky loved their daily walk for about 2 hours. Igor Stravinsky made sure that no one heard him play, and would stand on his head to clear mental blocks. The German philosopher Immanuel Kant was so regular that his neighbors in Konisberg would know it’s 3:30PM

Perhaps Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen came up with the best explanation, coming from a contrasting field, when he said music “reinforces your confidence in the ability to create,” and in the two such apparently diverse fields “something is pushing you to look beyond what currently exists and express yourself in a new way” brush for the morning to save him time. George Sand, the pseudonym for the French female novelist, Amantine Lucile Aurore Dupin, had to have chocolate and tobacco while she wrote all night. David Lynch, the American movie director and musician known for his exotic surrealist traits, meditated twice a day, and used to have his milkshake daily. Ingmar Bergman, the famous Swedish movie director, worked at a remote island of Faro, off the Swedish coast. Up at 8 and he wrote scripts till noon, then had the same kind of baby-food lunch (whipped sour cream and strawberry jam with cornflakes), worked for a couple of hours more and slept. Then he walked and took a ferry to a neighboring island to get the mail and paper. He said he “never used

each day. The Croatian-American inventor, Nicola Tesla, who once worked with Thomas Edison had childhood compulsion of computing his dinner’s cubic volume before eating. Some authors were phenomenally compulsive and productive: P. G. Wodehouse wrote last 8,000 words of his ‘Thank You, Jeeves’ in one day, a feat emulated by William Faulkner who wrote 10,000 words in144 hours (from 10 AM to midnight, same day). Somerset Maugham worked on the first 2 sentences to write while in the bathtub in the morning. Woody Allen would get chilly first in the morning before his hot shower. Ira Gershwin, according to his brother, Ira, worked 12 hours a day at the piano, composing in his pajamas.

Southwest Pilot to Passengers: ‘We’re Going down’ herself into a heart attack,’” Wills said. She said she even texted her daughter goodbye. “[The text] says, ‘I love you Alyssa. My plane is going down.’ I thought I was going to die, and that’s what everyone on that plane thought. That we were all going to die, just by one word of the captain. I just think they could have handled it a little differently.” In an email to Stroud obtained by CNN, Southwest said the pilot “inadvertently activated the PA system.” A Southwest spokeswoman confirmed there was an emergency. “Flight 3426 experienced a maintenance alert as they were on descent into RDU,” Southwest said in a statement. “The captain declared an emergency and descended the aircraft to 25,000 feet where the alert was resolved. Throughout the

remainder of the descent the flight was normal, landed uneventfully,

and was not met by emergency vehicles.”

COMMENTARY Charles Schulz, the creator of the popular comic strip, Peanuts, worked alone on every strip each day of the week (nearly 18,000 in all), mostly after driving his kids to school. He always had the same lunch (ham sandwich and a glass of milk). Thomas Wolfe worked standing up, his typewriter on the refrigerator, and “fondling himself.” Louis Armstrong had his daily ‘drugs’ and had a photo of himself sitting in his toilet saying “Leave It All Behind Ya.” People included in the book shared some common routines: many were early risers, kept their job, took regular walks, addicted to substance of abuse, and worked wherever they could, and stuck to their schedule and rituals. Quite apart from this book and its idiosyncratic behaviors of the selected famous persona is the flip side, i.e,, what attracted people from different walks of life. In a recent opinion piece in NY Times (10/12), Joanne Lipman described the role music played in the life of some public figures well known in other areas. Condoleeza Rice, former secretary of State under GW Bush, was also a concert pianist, while Alan Greenspan, former chairman of the Federal Reserve and a professional statistician, is a professional clarinet and saxophone player, and James D. Wolfensohn, the former World Bank president played cello at Carnegie Hall. Bruce Kovner, the hedge fund billionaire, is a Juilliard-trained pianist; Paul Allen, a co-founder of Microsoft and a billionaire, a violin player who also has a rock-band. Larry Page, a co-founder of Google, played saxophone in high school. Among the TV personalities, Paul Zahn is a professional cello-player, Andrea Mitchell, a trained violinist, Chuch Todd on music scholarship in college, played French horn. Movie director, Woody Allen, a professional clarinet player for New Orleans jazz band, still practices every day for at least half an hour. His fellow movie-director, Stephen Spielberg, is also a clarinetist. Perhaps Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen came up with the best explanation, coming from a contrasting field, when he said music “reinforces your confidence in the ability to create,” and in the two such apparently diverse fields “something is pushing you to look beyond what currently exists and express yourself in a new way.” ing.

The FAA said it was investigat-

It’s not the first time Southwest Airlines has had a scare at RaleighDurham. In September, a Southwest flight bound for Chicago struck a bird, damaging an engine. The pilot alerted the passengers, turned the plane around and landed safely at the airport to the delight of the 124 people on board. “Everyone clapped,” Shelly Tranchita, one of them, told WRALTV. “It was an uproar. It was a beautiful thing. We landed and were safe and it was a huge relief.” “I high-fived the guy next to me over his crying girlfriend,” George Shackleton, another passenger, added. Last month, Southwest fired a veteran pilot whose nosedive landing at New York’s LaGuardia Airport in July injured 16 people. According to the National Transportation Safety Board, the pilot took control from the first officer just before the Boeing 737 hit the runway. - Yahoo

COMMENTARY n By Qasim A. Moini


Karachi, Pakistan


The Criterion of Karbala

oday, there are various schools of thought each of which claims to represent the ‘real’ Islam or the ‘spirit’ of Islam. There is essentially nothing wrong with groups claiming to be the truest representatives of religion, as each is entitled to its own opinion and interpretation.

However, matters get problematic when adherents of violent philosophies, who resort to mass murder and bloodshed to impose their beliefs on others, start masquerading as the ‘true’ representatives of Islam. And many ordinary Muslims, taken in by their frequent recourse to quoting scripture and other outward displays of faith, start accepting that these individuals and groups actually know Islam better than anyone else. This is troublesome as it not only distorts the message of Islam, but also creates acceptance — driven by fear and ignorance — of militant schools of thought, as many ordinary people, as well as some of those who claim to be religious scholars, start condoning or justifying atrocities committed in the name of religion. The militant thus sanctifies his bloodshed under the cloak of religion. However, in this writer’s view there is a very simple way to avoid falling prey to such confusion. Those claiming to represent Islam must be judged by some criteria; without this, we open the door to allowing individuals to mislead the public and abuse religion. And perhaps the single most emphatic criterion — cutting across

sectarian and doctrinal boundaries — to judge who is abiding by Islamic values and who is not is Karbala and the heroic struggle of Imam Husain bin Ali. Centuries after Imam Husain took the field against the Syrian forces, Karbala is a byword for strength of character, bravery and steadfastness. And if these virtues are absent, one can easily differentiate between those who are inspired by faith, and those seeking purely worldly aims in the name of religion. While many of us are familiar with the epic of Karbala — the sufferings of Imam Husain, his family and companions, the barbarity of the Syrian horde and the valor of Husain on the battlefield — we must ponder over what led him to leave his hometown of Madina and make his way with his

family and small band of supporters to the desert of Karbala. Some have argued that Imam Husain was motivated by political considerations to take the caliphate from Yazid. However, this appears to be a very superficial analysis. For if Husain’s aim was conquest, he would not have taken the field with a force of under a hundred, which included women, children and the elderly. Instead, he would have gathered a large army to confront the Syrians. Imam Husain’s decision to confront the Yazidi force was motivated by much loftier aims. In Husain’s own words, as quoted by acclaimed scholar Ayatollah Murtaza Mutahhari, he sought to “enjoin what is good and forbid what is evil and follow the traditions of my grandfather and my father”. This was Karbala’s mission statement.

Imam Husain further clarified his intentions in a sermon at Mina, en route to Karbala: “O God! You know that everything we did was not prompted by rivalry for political power, nor for a search for wealth and abundance; rather it was done to demonstrate to men the shining principles and values of Your religion, to reform the affairs of Your land, to protect and secure the indisputable rights of Your oppressed servants, and to act in accordance with the duties You have established and the norms, laws, and ordinances You have decreed.” In this passage, Husain beautifully encapsulated the core values of Islam. Obedience to Allah, reformation of society and struggle for the rights of the oppressed are the main features of religion as taught by Husain, and it was for the protection of these values that

Husain faced the Syrians at Karbala. On the other end of the spectrum, the Yazidi force was motivated by purely base concerns, i.e. pleasing the ruler of the day while casting aside all moral, spiritual and ethical ideals. So today, when militants or extremists claim to fight for the glory of Islam, we must ask if they are living up to the Karbalai ideals. The answer is self-evident. For at Mina, Imam Husain castigated the scholars saying they had “neglected the rights of the oppressed and the lowly”. Today’s holy warriors care little for the oppressed and lowly, slaughtering them in bazaars, mosques, imambargahs and churches. Let us not be fooled by outward appearances. Let us refer to Karbala as a criterion for what Islam and humanity is truly all about. For at Karbala, Husain took a stand for righteousness, braving hunger and thirst, sacrificing all that he held dear and prostrating before the Almighty as the ruthless Syrian horde fell upon him after he had been left alone in the field. The name Husain is symbolic of liberation and freedom, and perhaps the divine plan is to arouse the conscience of all the world’s oppressed through the retelling of Imam Husain’s struggle year after year. In the words of renowned exegete of the Qur’an Abdullah Yusuf Ali, delivered at a Muharram majlis in London in 1931, Imam Husain’s “blameless and irreproachable life was in itself a reproach to those who had other standards. They sought to silence him, but he could not be silenced”. Perhaps that is why the tyrants of the day still brutally target all that symbolizes Husain and his struggle.



Faith in Leaps: Unloved Options Have Advantages

n By Saghir Aslam Irvine, CA

(The following information is provided solely to educate the Muslim community about investing and financial planning. It is hoped that the ummah will benefit from this effort through greater financial empowerment, enabling the community to live in security and dignity and fulfill their religious and moral obligations towards charitable activities) Maybe because “long-term options” has a faintly oxymoronic ring, Leaps are in many ways the forgotten cousin of the options family. The acronym for Long-term Equity Anticipation Securities, Leaps haven’t generated the kind of volume or excitement the exchanges had hoped they would. The reasons typically offered for their underwhelming reception include less-than-ideal pricing, owing to the reluctance of sellers for up to two years. Then there’s the point that investors are generally attracted to options for their flexibility in facilitating short-term market views. But Leaps-which cover individual stocks and turn into garden-variety options as their annual January expiration approaches-have their fans, who like them for the relatively rich income available to Leap sellers or as a

lower-cost way to control a stock. I have been using Leap strategies for years and it has paid off handsomely. I use Leaps to deploy spread strategies, such as buying a stock while selling a long-term call, buying a leap call and continuously selling short-term calls against it, or buying and selling Leap calls at different strike pricesall with an eye toward generating plenty of income. By selling Leaps, I take advantage of the somewhat elevated prices on options with maturities as far as three years out, which provides some downside cushion to stock positions, throws off income and profits from any erosion in the option premium over time. In the straight-up market of a couple of years ago, this strategy was often compromised as stocks shot higher through strike prices, forcing me to unwind coveredcall positions and often take quick taxable gains in the underlying stocks. In the current, more churning market, I am able to generate substantial tax savings by buying back options for gains rather than selling stocks. I look for big-cap stocks that have been on the move for some fundamental reason. Example: I look at stocks when they get crunched, like Compaq once, when it went from the 40s to the 20s. Using the expansive time horizon that Leaps permit, I figured that Compaq certainly will be around for years to come, so I bought the stock and sold Leap calls against it for the week or two when the premium richness persisted, making selling prices attractive. In a different vein, I picked up January 2002 30 Leap calls on Qwest Communications, a stock beaten down during its efforts to acquire US West, for around $16. At half the going price for the stock, the calls give me a leveraged position that would blossom into nice profits if the shares enjoy a long-term rebound. (Saghir A. Aslam only explains strategies and formulas that he has been using. He is merely providing information, and NO ADVICE is given. Mr. Aslam does not endorse or recommend any broker, brokerage firm, or any investment at all, or does he suggest that anyone will earn a profit when or if they purchase stocks, bonds or any other investments. All stocks or investment vehicles mentioned are for illustrative purposes only. Mr. Aslam is not an attorney, accountant, real estate broker, stockbroker, investment advisor, or certified financial planner. Mr. Aslam does not have anything for sale.)

USCIS, H1bs and US Degrees n By Jim Gotcher



e have seen some disturbing trends in recent H1b Requests for Evidence (RFE) where the USCIS is questioning the Beneficiary’s (employee) education. Specifically, two recent types of RFEs have started to make their way out of the California Service Center.

The first looks to the accreditation of the educational institution that the Beneficiary graduated from. More often, you see this where someone has gone to a non-accredited school and has applied for an H1b in the Master’s quota. The USCIS will issue a Request for Evidence in which they state that the school is unaccredited and they will request a degree from an accredited master’s program, which for most people, is not possible. This is not the disturbing trend - this is something that is in the regulations, but was not being enforced until recently. The disturbing trend is that they are issuing RFEs when a Beneficiary files an extension of status which state that they made a gross error previously when they approved the Beneficiary’s original H1b in the Master’s Quota and that they are in the process of revoking the H1bs. This RFE was shared with me by a friend of a client and when I followed up with the person to see how it turned out, he said that they re-filed it and it was approved. This sends mixed signals as on the one hand, you have an RFE in which they state that they are in the process of re-

voking the H1bs for a certain school and then you find that they approve the same case two weeks later. The other disturbing trend has to do with whether the school qualifies as an Institution of Higher Education as defined by the Higher Education Act of 1965 Section 100(a). That term and definition is used to qualify for the Master’s quota. In order to qualify the school must meet these requirements: (a) INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION- For purposes of this Act, other than title IV, the term `institution of higher education’ means an educational institution in any State that (1) admits as regular students only persons having a certificate of graduation from a school providing secondary education, or the recognized equivalent of such a certificate; (2) is legally authorized within such State to provide a program of education beyond secondary education; (3) provides an educational program for which the institution awards a bachelor’s degree or provides not less than a two-year program that is acceptable for full credit toward such a degree; (4) is a public or other nonprofit

institution; and (5) is accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency or association, or if not so accredited, is an institution that has been granted pre-accreditation status by such an agency or association that has been recognized by the Secretary for the granting of pre-accreditation status, and the Secretary has determined that there is satisfactory assurance that the institution will meet the accreditation standards of such an agency or association within a reasonable time. The recent RFEs seem to attack the 4th requirement regarding public or non-profit institutions. Some schools are for-profit and despite the fact that they are accredited, they do not qualify under the definition of an Institution of Higher Education that is used for determining eligibility for the Master’s quota. Again, we are seeing them issue a Notice of Intent to Deny (NOID) on an H1b extension or transfer that says that they made a gross error when they counted the Beneficiary against the Master’s quota and they are in the process of revoking the H1bs for that school. So with all of this said, it seems that the USCIS is getting around to enforcing the regulations more strictly, especially in this area and it is important for a potential student to make an informed decision when deciding upon a degree program and school. Research the school and make sure it meets the requirements above and that it is accredited if you intend to use that degree towards an H1b and an employment-based green card.

Exchange Rates for Currency Notes* Countries

USA S.Arabia UK Japan Euro UAE

Selling Rs. 108.27 28.87 174.60 1.0810 146.08 29.48

Buying Rs. 105.71 28.17 170.47 1.0549 142.62 28.18

(*November 19, 2013)

US VISA AVAILABILITY IN NOVEMBER 2013 For Pakistan, Bangladesh and India Compiled by Hasan Chishti FAMILY SPONSORED PREFERENCES

Pakistan/Bangla Desh


1st Unmarried sons & daughters of U.S. Citizens

Oct., 22, 2006

Oct., 22, 2006

2-A Spouses and unmarried children of permanent residents

Sept., 8, 2013

Sept., 8, 2013

March 22, 2006

March 22,

Feb. 8, 2003

Feb. 8, 2003

August 22, 2001

August 22 ,

2-B Unmarried sons & daughters (21 years of age or older) of permanent residents 2006 3rd

Married sons & daughters of U.S. citizens

4th Brothers & sisters of adult U.S citizens 2001 EMPLOYMENT BASED CATEGORY 1st Priority workers 2nd Members of the professions holding advanced degree or persons of exceptional ability 3rd Skilled workers Other workers 4th Certain special immigrants Certain religious workers 5th Employment creation Targeted Employment Areas/ Regional centers Pilot Programs

Current Current Oct. 1, 2010 Oct/ 1, 2010 Current Current Current Current Current

Current June 15, 2008 Sept. 22, 2003 Sept. 22, 2003 Current Current Current Current Current

UNLIMITED FAMILY-BASED Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizens (IR): The spouse, widow(er) and unmarried children under 21 of a U.S. citizen, and the parent of a U.S. citizen who is 21 or older. Returning Residents (SB): Immigrants who lived in the United States previously as lawful permanent residents and are returning to live in the U.S. after a temporary visit of more than one year abroad.



Mercy and Sanctity of Life n By Dr Muzammil H. Siddiqi


From the translation by Muhammad Asad (Leopold Weiss) About the translator:

ercy and kindness are very important characters. They save the people and make them progress and flourish. When any people lose the characters of mercy and kindness they suffer and the world suffers with them. All religions have taught mercy in one way or other. In the Bible we read in the Old Testament:

He has told you, O human being, what is good, and what the Lord require from you: to do justice, to love mercy and to walk humbly with your God. (Micah 6:8) And in the New Testament, Jesus – peace be upon him - is reported to have said: Blessed are those who show mercy, for they will receive mercy. (Matthew 5:7) The Qur’an is full of teachings about mercy. Allah’s most repeated names in the Qur’an are Al-Rahman and al-Rahim (the most Merciful, the most Compassionate). He sent His last Prophet Muhammad as Rahmatul lil-‘Alamin (Mercy for the worlds, al-Anbiya’ 21:107) and the believers are described in the Qur’an as Ruhama’ bainahum (merciful among themselves, al-Fath 48:29) There is a Hadith known as “Almusalsal alawlawiya”. Many scholars of Hadith, when they begin to teach Hadith, start with this Hadith: ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umr said that the Prophet – peace be upon himsaid, “Those who are merciful, the Most Merciful shall have mercy on them. Be merciful towards those on this earth; the One in Heaven shall have mercy on you.” (Al-Tirmidhi 1847) Explaining this Hadith, Imam Al-Tibi, a scholar of Hadith, said: “The Prophet spoke in general term to include all types of creatures. It means that mercy should be towards the righteous and unrighteous, towards the human and animals, towards the beasts and birds.” (Mirqat al-Masabih, Hadith 4969) One of the most important aspects of mercy is the respect of human life. Every human being’s life should be respected and every human being should be treated with dignity and honor. The Qur’an says again and again, … Do not take the life that Allah has made sacred, except by right (justice and law). This is what He commands you to do: perhaps you will use your reason. (Al-An’am 6:151)

Gems from the Holy Qur’an

Muhammad Asad, Leopold Weiss, was born of Jewish parents in Livow, Austria (later Poland) in 1900, and at the age of 22 made his first visit to the Middle East. He later became an outstanding foreign correspondent for the Franfurter Zeitung, and after years of devoted study became one of the leading Muslim scholars of our age. His translation of the Holy Qur’an is one of the most lucid and well-referenced works in this category, dedicated to li-qawmin yatafakkaroo (people who think).

On account of this, We decreed to the Children of Israel that if anyone kills a person — unless in retribution for murder or spreading corruption in the land — it is as if he kills all mankind, while if any saves a life it is as if he saves the lives of all mankind. Our messengers came to them with clear signs, but many of them continued to commit excesses in the land. (Al-Ma’idah 5:32) Do not take life, which Allah has made sacred, except by right: if anyone is killed wrongfully, We have given authority to the defender of his rights, but he should not be excessive in taking life, for he is already aided [by Allah]. (Al-Isra’ 17:33) The Prophet – peace be upon him - emphasized this throughout his life. During the Farewell Pilgrimage, only a few days before his departure from this world, in his parting speech, he said: O people, verily your blood, your property and your honor are sanctified, until you meet your Lord, as sanctified as is this day of yours, this month of yours and this city of yours. Verily you shall soon meet your Lord and He shall ask you about your actions. (Al-Bukhari, Hadith 66) It is a tragic fact that today most of the people, whether Jews, Christians or Muslims have lost the sense of sanctity of life and mercy

to each other. There are millions of abortions taking place every year in the world. Thousands and thousands of innocent human beings are killed without any justification. Recent reports say that during the last 10 years US and Coalition Forces killed about half million Iraqis. Unpiloted drones have been dropping bombs and have killed thousands of innocent men, women and children in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Somalia and Yemen and this is still going on. Daily killings are going on in Palestine, Kashmir and Burma. In many Muslim countries such as Libya, Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Somalia, Yemen, etc. there are hundreds of people being targeted and killed by car bombs and other weapons of violence and murder. Some recent visitors of some Muslim countries have reported that the situation is so horrible in some major cities that almost all those who can afford have armed guards in front of their homes, offices, shops and factories. The newspapers are full of news of daily killings and murders. Religious leaders whether Muslims, Jews, Christians, Hindus or Buddhists are mostly mum and silent; do not say anything, except when their own people are being targeted. Everybody is blaming the others and calling others violent, extremists and terrorists. Some religious leaders, like politicians, justify and giving sanctions for killings. This is the most horrible situation. There should be a worldwide call for the sanctity of human life, for justice and mercy. The Prophet – peace be upon him-

warned us that the killing and murders will come when people will become oppressors and greedy: Keep away from oppression, because oppression will be darkness on the Day of Resurrection. Keep away from greed because it destroyed the people before you. It made them spill their blood and make legitimate the things that were forbidden to them. (Muslim, Hadith 4681) The Qur’an tells us: If only there had been, among the generations before your time, people with a remnant of good sense, to forbid corruption on the earth! We saved only a few of them, while the unjust pursued the enjoyment of plenty, and persisted in sin. Your Lord would not destroy any town without cause if its people were acting righteously. (Hud 11:116-117)__ (Khutbah at ISOC – Dhul Hijjah 20, 1434/ October 25, 2013) BAN, FROM P15

has reported nine polio cases, Punjab six whereas Sindh has reported four cases during the current year. In South and North Waziristan tribal regions, where the government signed peace accords with militant groups, the Taliban banned polio immunization two years ago as a mark of protest against US drone strikes. The government and health department authorities have been unable to vaccinate the children from Fata against the crippling disease. A fake anti-polio campaign conducted by a Pakistani physician Dr Shakil Afridi in May 2011 in Abbottabad to collect DNA samples of Osama bin Laden, which reportedly helped the CIA track him down, has caused irreversible loss to the immunization campaign in Pakistan. Many people suspect polio vaccination to be an attempt by the government and foreign-funded organizations to make male children infertile.

Chapter 2, Al-Baqarah (The Cow), Verses 155 - 157 And most certainly shall We try you by means of danger, and hunger, and loss of worldly goods, of lives and of [labor’s] fruits. But give glad tidings unto those who are patient in adversity – who, when calamity befalls them, say, “Verily, unto God do we belong and, verily, unto Him we shall return. It is they upon whom their Sustainer’s blessings and grace are bestowed, and it is they, they who are on the right path! Chapter 2, Al-Baqarah (The Cow),Verse 177 True piety does not consist in turning your face towards the east or the west – but truly pious is he who believes in God, and the Last Day, and the angels, and revelation, and the prophets; and spends his substance – however much he himself may cherish it – upon his near of kin, and orphans, and the needy, and the wayfarer, and the beggars, and for the freeing of human beings from bondage; and is constant in prayer, and renders the purifying dues; and [truly pious are] they who keep their promises whenever they promise, and are patient in misfortune and hardship and in time of peril: it is they that have proved themselves true, and it is they, they who are conscious of God. Chapter 2, Al-Baqarah (The Cow) Verse 186 And if My servants ask thee about Me – behold, I am near; I respond to the call of him who calls, whenever he calls unto Me: let them, then, respond unto Me, and believe in Me, so that they might follow the right way. Chapter 2, Al-Baqarah (The Cow),Verse 190 And fight in God’s cause against those who wage war against you, but do not commit aggression – for, verily, God does not love aggressors. Chapter 2, Al-Baqarah (The Cow), Verse 255 (Aayaat-al-Kursee) God – there is no deity save Him, the Ever-Living, the Self-Subsistent Fount of all Being. Neither slumber overtakes Him, nor sleep. His is all that is in the heavens and all that is on earth. Who is there that could intercede with Him, unless it be by His leave? He knows all that lies open before men and all that is hidden from them, whereas they cannot attain to aught of His knowledge save that which He wills [them to attain]. His eternal power overspreads the heavens and the earth, and their upholding wearies Him not. And he alone is truly exalted, tremendous.



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Baig told the meeting that all deaths resulted due to fire arms and refuted claims about missing persons in the tragic incident. Nawaz said the reckless ineptitude of the authorities involved in the incident was absolutely unacceptable. STRIKES FROM P1

the team. However, the peace process had been on hold since Mehsud’s killing and the negotiations had been badly affected by the Nov 1 drone strike. He informed that when the issue of protests against late Tehreeke-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) chief Hakimullah Mehsud‘s killing was brought up, America said that he was already on their hit list. Hakimullah Mehsud, the young, ferocious and vengeful chief of TTP had survived at least two US drone strikes in the past. However, on November 1, his luck ran out. The TTP ruled out the possibility of peace talks with Pakistan as Mullah Fazlullah, the leader of the Swat Taliban, was named the new chief on November 7. The foreign affairs advisor said the US had assured that no drone strikes would be carried out during any peace talks. However, he did not clarify when the US had given this assurance. Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan had told reporters last week that the process of peace talks could not be taken forward unless drone attacks on Pakistani soil are halted. GENERALS FROM P1

emergency on November 3, 2007, is accepted by the special court, even Gen Kayani may have to face action as he was holding an important position at the time. Similarly the then corps commanders may have to face trial. The then prime minister Shaukat Aziz may also have to answer questions about his role. Former COAS Gen Mirza Aslam Beg and ex-ISI chief Gen Asad Durrani are allegedly involved in distribution of funds among political leaders to defeat the PPP in the 1990 elections. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and a number of other political leaders are also accused of having received the “booty”. The Supreme Court had ordered the FIA last year to investigate the matter. But the then PPP-led coalition shelved the matter, saying they will not like Mr Sharif (who was then in the opposition) to be dragged by the FIA. Now the matter has been revived by Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan, although few believe that the FIA will dare establish any charge against the incumbent prime minister. However, the same could not be said about action against Gen Beg or Gen Durrani. Defence Secretary Lt-Gen Asif Yasin Malik faces contempt of court charge. He was directed by the Supreme Court to hold Cantonment Boards elections, but Gen Malik failed to do so. He tendered an apology but the court did not accept it. Now the court will start proceedings against him on the next hearing. KAYANI FROM P1

style as a military man who took the fight to the militants and generally kept out of the political arena. Islamabad is tight-lipped about

NOVEMBER 22, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P29 who will replace Kayani, who steps down on November 29, but the choice reportedly comes down to four contenders. Two made names for themselves fighting the Pakistani Taliban; the other two rose through the ranks by successfully navigating the military’s entrenched bureaucracy. Retired General Talat Masood says that the new Army chief must be able to lead combat operations, maintain morale and discipline, and show a commitment to working with the civilian government in power. Ultimately, it is Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif who will decide who takes the reins. But the recommendations of top military brass, including the outgoing military chief, will carry significant weight. Ignoring the military’s endorsement comes at a great risk, as evidenced by coups d’etat that followed government decisions to handpick the Army chief in the 1970s and 1990s. Sharif himself was ousted as prime minister in 1999 after his unsuccessful attempt to appoint a protege to replace former General Pervez Musharraf as Army chief. According to Masood, a number of pressing political considerations will play a role in the decision. “How is he disposed toward promoting democracy, on keeping distance [between] the army and civilian [affairs]? And to what extent has he had experience in [fighting] the insurgency will be one of the important criteria in this selection,” Masood says. “Of course, the chief also has to have diplomatic skills... to negotiate with foreign armies like the US Army and NATO.” The four men who are believed to be in the running to replace Kayani are all lieutenant generals. Haroon Aslam, a former leader of Pakistan’s Special Forces, led commando missions during the government’s push to end the Taliban’s control of the country’s northwestern Swat Valley in 2009. Tariq Khan has similar credentials, having helped defeat the Taliban in the tribal districts of South Waziristan in 2008 and Bajaur in 2009. Rashad Mahmood and Raheel Sharif each built promising bureaucratic careers and have served in both command and staff positions, although it has been reported that neither has led troops against the Taliban. In Masood’s view, Aslam’s seniority, owing to his 38 years of service, gives him an advantage over the other three. “Haroon Aslam is the seniormost,” he says. “I don’t see any reason why he should be passed over, because he has also got a very good record of service.” But Hamid Hussain, a New York-based writer on Pakistani military affairs, says seniority is a loosely applied rule of thumb and won’t necessarily determine who becomes the next Army chief. Hussain predicts that Aslam is more likely to be handed the largely ceremonial post of chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff committee. In theory, this would make him the most powerful military officer in Pakistan, but it is not a command post and the holder has no power to appoint senior officers. Such a scenario would open the door for Mahmood to be named the new Army chief, according to Hussain, who suggests that there are signs Kayani was grooming the lieu-

tenant general to be his successor. Hussain says Mahmood has developed a good working relationship with the prime minister’s brother, Shahbaz Sharif, while serving as the corps commander in Lahore in recent years. “He [Mahmood] is more formal in terms of career and his personality,” says Hussain. “He is not a vocal or aggressive type of person. He just follows the norms and the routines, so the Sharifs may feel comfortable and not threatened because he may not be assertive and won’t be pushing them around too much.” According to Hussain, there is little chance of Lieutenant General Raheel Sharif being appointed, because he is not seen as a strong enough commander. Tariq Khan, on the other hand, could be considered a dark-horse candidate. Over the course of his 36-year military career, he has commanded successful missions against militants and is reportedly an outspoken advocate of eliminating terrorists on Pakistani soil. “The person who is clear in his mind that this [terrorism] is an existential threat is General Tariq Khan,” says Hussain. “He is clear in his mind about what to do about it. So, in that capacity, among all the four, he will be the best choice. For the next three-year tenure of the Army chief, proactive military action will most likely be needed. And for that reason he will probably be the right person.” MUSHARRAF FROM P1

ernment is confused,” he told The Express Tribune. “It’s clearly mentioned in Article 6 of the Constitution that it will be implementable from March 23, 1956,” he added, hinting that if the government invokes Article 6, it has to be invoked in retrospect. Another legal guru, however, disagrees. “Musharraf cannot be tried for treason because the 18th constitutional amendment has done away with the condition of Article 6 being applicable in retrospect,” senior lawyer S M Zafar told The Express Tribune. “Musharraf never abrogated the Constitution, he just suspended it or held it in abeyance.” Malik Muhammad Qayyum, who was the attorney general of Pakistan when Musharraf imposed emergency rule in 2007, refused to comment on the issue. He has been quizzed by investigators in the case. Legal experts are also divided on whether only Musharraf should be tried or his accomplices should also be made part of this unprecedented case. A senior lawyers’ leader said that dragging other people into the case would politicize it and it would not be possible for the judges sacked during the 2007 emergency to adjudicate the case impartially. In its July 31, 2009 verdict the Supreme Court had declared Musharraf ’s November 3, 2007 steps ultra constitutional (illegal) which could be cited as the prime evidence against him. However, the Supreme Court will be the final court of appeal in this case, and that means if the trial court announces a decision it can be challenged in the Supreme Court.

AG Says Early Verdict in Musharraf Case Possible Islamabad: Attorney General Munir A. Malik has said that given the strong evidence available against former military ruler Pervez Musharraf, a decision in the treason case against him may be reached very soon. Speaking to media representatives outside the Supreme Court, Malik did not rule out that Musharraf could be re-arrested in the case during proceedings, adding that the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) would have the authority to carry out his arrest. He said that according to Article 6 of the Constitution of Pakistan, the retired general could face life imprisonment or death. Malik added that in the event of Musharraf ’s arrest, the jurisdiction of granting him bail would lie with the special court constituted to try the former dictator and that only the president had the power to grant a pardon. The special court comprising of Justice Faisal Arab (Sindh High Court), Justice Tahira Safdar (Balochistan High Court) and Justice Yawar Ali (Lahore High Court) would try the former army strongman for high treason over the imposition of emergency rule in Nov 2007.

However, it was Nawaz Sharif who approved the final names. Ac- CRICKET FROM P1 Former KP Police Chief cording to a statement issued from impressed with his nippy bowlthe Prime Minister’s Office, the judges ing. He took a wicket but ended up Arrested in Weapons Scam were selected on the basis of seniority. with expensive figures of 35 for 1. Interestingly, in its letter to the Hafeez took two for 25 while JuPeshawar: The National AccountSupreme Court, the interior ministry naid Khan took as many wickets for ability Bureau (NAB) on Wednesday had said on Monday that since there 24 runs. arrested former Inspector General of are five high courts in the country, it Shahid Afridi also managed to Khyber Pakhtunkhawa Police Malik would be difficult for the government take one wicket. Naveed in billions of rupees weapto nominate three judges for the speShoaib Malik and Abdul Razzaq ons scam. He would be produced for are out of the match due to injury. In physical remand before the Accountcial court. “It is, therefore, requested that the their place, Pakistan playedseamer ability Court on Thursday. instant matter may please be placed Anwar Ali and debutant all-rounder According to the NAB KPK offibefore the chief justice of Pakistan for Bilawal Bhatti. cial release issued by deputy director Pakistan the nomination of three judges from media, the former police chief Malik Nasir Jamshed, Ahmed Shehigh courts. It is also requested that Naveed had been arrested for a weapout of three judges, one may be nomi- hzad, Mohammad Hafeez (c), Soons scam case in which he had allegnated to be the president of the special haib Maqsood, Umar Amin, Umar edly siphoned off billions of rupees. court,” the letter stated. Akmal†,Shahid Afridi, Sohail Tanvir, The NAB release said that the According to the procedure, once Bilawal Bhatti, Junaid Khan, Anwar inquiry committee, after a probe, had the special court is set up, the interior Ali. found that gross violation of procuresecretary will file a complaint against South Africa ment rules were committed by the Musharraf. The government has alHM Amla, Q de Kock†, F du purchase committee in awarding tenready appointed Zulfiqar Abbas Naqvi Plessis (c), H Davids, JP Duminy, DA ders to favored contractors who had as prosecutor who will present evi- Miller, WD Parnell, M Morkel, DW no previous experience of supplying Steyn,LL Tsotsobe, Imran Tahir. weapons and security equipment. dence against the former army chief. What legal experts say: Constitutional law experts Access California Services have questioned the modus opeis providing assistance with randi adopted by the government for trying Musharraf for treason. “The government’s move to approach the **All services are supervised by Attorney Akram Abusharar, ESQ** Supreme Court for the establishment of the special court was illegal,” says former law minister Khalid Ranjha. Abdul Hafeez CITIZENSHIP APPLICATION ASSISTANCE AND CLASSES Pirzada, one of the architects of the Classes will be held every Wednesday evening. 1973 Constitution, Time: 6:00pm to 9:00pm concurs. “Since the For more information, appointments, and enrollment in classes, please contact: treason trial has The Immigration Department at Access California Services no precedence [in Phone Number: 714-917-0440 Pakistan’s judicial Address: Access California Services, 2180 West Crescent Avenue Suite C Anaheim, 92801 history], the gov-

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Shahzeb Shaikh


ccording to Abbas Ali Khan, he has his hands full with upcoming, exciting ventures: a 'Sufi' album, a new music video of the song Bilaskhani, two songs each for the film Kaptaan and the upcoming Azaad, a title song for a serial directed by Sohail Javaid, a full soundtrack for the theatre play Sawa 14 August, a collaboration track with Zohaib Kazi and a few singles coming out from a platform called Doodh Patti by Taimoor Mirza! Q. Why has your album been

delayed? What is the sound like? AAK: I did not plan an album at all. Initially, I was planning to release singles but after the release of Munn Kunto Maula, people started asking me about releasing an album so I decided to go for it. As for the delay, it was unintentional and the time that it took was spent in production. This is purely a Sufi album with Urdu and Persian kalam, with original compositions in a fusion setting. Q. What do you mean by Sufi music? Every artiste who deviates from mainstream pop/rock calls himself a Sufi/spiritual


musician! AAK: Well, I was never into the mainstream pop/rock scene. I have a sound of my own be it Sunn Re or Malal. It's true that the term 'Sufi music' has become clichéd, but for me coming into it was natural - musically and spiritually! I'm inspired by the message of the Sufis which teaches peace and unconditional ishq with God. I feel a responsibility to spread their message through my music at a time when it's much needed. I would not call myself a Sufi singer because I'm exploring other music genres as well. However, Sufi kalam has inspired me and in the future I plan to sing and compose a lot of it. Q. Have you switched over to classical singing permanently?

be detected in my singing and music. But apart from traditional classical khayal singing, I'm very much involved in other genres including fusion, ghazal, geet, thumri and other experimental stuff. Q. Tell us about some of your recent collaborations? AAK: Recently, I have collaborated with the talented composer Zohaib Kazi on his project, Ismail Ka Urdu Shehr, and a video will be out very soon. Apart from that I have done a song with Faraz Khosa, the title track of a serial by director Sohail Javaid. I have also sung for Kaptaan with Farhaan Zameer. Then I performed in Karachi at a gig by the name of Summer Jam along with Gumby, Shallum, Faraz Anwar, Sajid

Q. What's the music like in Islamabad? AAK: I feel Islamabad is a great place to create music. However, the music scene is not as thriving as in Karachi and that's why many musicians need to travel here frequently or relocate. Islamabad is peaceful but isn't always happening. It has become better as compared to the past. It's a great place for creativity in isolation and there are even more inspiring places up North. But the spirit that you need for back-to-back live events is somewhat missing there. Also, being the capital it's really hard to get permission for outdoor events. Islamabad is relatively a new city so it does not have any culture of its own, and if there is any, then it's not helpful for live

AAK: I have learned classical for 10 years and that influence can

Ghafoor, Bradley and Mubashir Admani.

events. Q. Your Bollywood pitch with Sunn Re wasn't very aggressive. Are you taking another shot at it? AAK: I'm in talks with a few people. Currently, my top priority is my album. After its release I plan to tour Pakistan and abroad, besides exploring more opportunities in theatre and film scoring. Q. Your thoughts on the present music scene? AAK: The ongoing music scenario in Pakistan is not very good. I always say that art can never flourish in a place where basic necessities are not provided and where the security condition is miserable. Hopefully, when the situation in Pakistan improves and when news is no longer entertainment, the live music scene will also revive. Q. How can classical music attract our youth? AAK: It's really very simple: make them listen to as much classical music as you can. There isn't a single television programme that plays classical music these days after Raag Rung from PTV stopped airing years back. How can we expect the youth to be interested in something that they are not exposed to? If you give them soulful music they will listen to it, but if you give them Sheila Ki Jawani they will listen that instead (laughs)! Courtesy Dawn






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