Issuu on Google+

Pakistan Link

VOL. 23/44 - 27 Dhul-hijjah 1434 H PAGE 4

A Letter to President Obama and PM Sharif Trilateral Summit Reviews Afghan Peace Efforts London: Leaders at a trilateral sum-

mit agreed on Tuesday to continue supporting the peace and reconciliation process in Afghanistan as security concerns mount ahead of the 2014 withdrawal of US-led foreign forces from the strife-torn country. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, his British counterpart David Cameron and Afghan President Hamid Karzai met at 10 Downing Street following the Islamic Economic Forum moot, Cameron’s spokesperson said in a brief statement. Overall, it was the fourth trilateral meeting and the first since Prime Minister Nawaz took office as a result of his party’s victory in the May 11 parliamentary elections. According to the statement, the three leaders discussed economic cooperation and the Afghan-led peace process to which they all reaffirmed their continuing commitment. They continued their dialogue about Afghanistan and Pakistan’s shared interest in advancing regional peace, stability and prosperity.

SUMMIT, P33

Meeting of Indian-Pakistani Commanders Put on Hold Islamabad:

Top military commanders from Pakistan and India were likely to meet this month to deescalate tensions sparked by weeks of border skirmishes. However, the meeting between directors general military operations (DGMOs) has been put on hold, for now, due to India’s intransigence. “The meeting is unlikely to be held in the near future due to a disagreement over a framework under which the DGMOs could meet,” a senior foreign ministry official told The Express Tribune on Tuesday. “Pakistan wants foreign ministry officials to attend the DGMOs meeting – which is apparently not acceptable to the Indian side,” added the official who requested not to be named in the report. A military official confirmed there was no precedent of face-toface talks between DGMOs, although senior military officials met in the past as part of talks on COMMANDERS, P33

The Largest Circulated Pakistani-American Newspaper in North America

Friday, November 1, 2013

PAGE 11

PAGE 11

Fazl ur Rehman to Spearhead Talks with Taliban

Congressmen Pressure Nawaz to Release Dr Afridi

London to Become Islamic Finance Hub

(L to R) Afghan President Hamid Karzai, Brunei Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, Malaysian PM Najib Razak, British PM David Cameron, Jordan’s King, Bahrain’s Crown Prince and Kosovo’s President at the World Islamic Economic Forum in London

London: British Prime Minister David Cameron said Tuesday he wanted London to become one of the world’s major capitals of Islamic finance as the city played host to the first World Islamic Forum outside the Muslim world. “Already London is the biggest center for Islamic finance outside the

Islamic world. And today our ambition is to go further still,” Cameron told more than 1,800 political and business leaders at the ninth forum, dubbed the “Davos of the Muslim world”. “I don’t just want London to be a great capital of Islamic finance in the Western world, I want London

to stand alongside Dubai and Kuala Lumpur as one of the great capitals of Islamic finance anywhere in the world,” he said. “Investing in London is good for you and opening London up to your investment is good for us.” More than 20 UK banks

LONDON, P33

Spectacular Pakistan Independence Day Celebrations in Los Angeles

Biggest ever crowd at the Pakistan Independence Day celebarations in Downtown Los Angeles vividly demostrates love for the motherland

n By Fatima Khan Photos by Anwar Khawaja and Digitalstudio360.com

Los Angeles, CA: On September 14th, history was made in Los Angeles

US & Canada $1.00

as the Pakistani community came together, for the first time in the heart of Downtown Los Angeles, across the world famous Staple Center, home of the Los Angeles Lakers, to cel-

ebrate the 67th Independence Day of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The event was organized by Pakistan Link/ Urdu Link, Safeer-e-Pakistan, and the Pakistan

American Chamber of Commerce (PACC). This event was wholeheartedly supported by the Consulate General of Pakistan and all major Pakistani-American

CELEBRATIONS, P19

For news, updated round the clock, visit

www.PakistanLink.com Drone Strikes to End if Pakistan Chooses: US Congressman Washington, DC: US House of

Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee member Congressman Alan Grayson speaking with the BBC has said that drone strikes in Pakistan could end tomorrow if the country wanted and that no such attacks take place without the approval of Pakistan, the BBC Urdu reported. The Democrat Congressman from Florida also said that he had received no evidence from the Obama administration to suggest that there would be a drop in drone strikes carried out in Pakistan by the end of this year. He said that had Pakistan wanted and stopped facilitating the US strikes, drone attacks on its territory “could end tomorrow”. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, during his recent trip to the US, had spoken to President Barack Obama on the drone issue after which the Pakistani government had announced that the results of the talks would be visible shortly and that the nation would DRONES, P33

Pakistan Loses First ODI by One Run

Sharjah: South Africa beat Paki-

stan by one run in the first One Day International (ODI) between the two countries in Sharjah. Chasing a target of 184, Pakistan fell one run short as they were bowled out for 182. Ahmad Shehzad was the highest scorer from Pakistan. He made 58 runs off 92 balls, while captain Misbahul Haq scored 31 off 49 balls. Imran Tahir and Wayne Parnell took 3 wickets each. An impressive bowling performance by Pakistan saw South Africa back in the pavilion within 49.5 overs for a small score of 183 in the first One Day International between the two countries in Sharjah on Wednesday, according to Espncricinfo.The Proteas got off to a bad start right after AB de Villers won the toss and elected to bat first. Mohammad Irfan generated extra bounce to get Colin Ingram caught behind on the second ball of the innings. Saeed Ajmal took CRICKET, P33


ADVERTISEMENT

P2 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 1, 2013

www.PakistanLink.com


ADVERTISEMENT

NOVEMBER 1, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P3

www.PakistanLink.com


P4 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 1, 2013

Pakistan Link President

Arif Zaffar Mansuri

ArifMansuri@PLpublications.org Editor

Akhtar Mahmud Faruqui afaruqui@pakistanlink.com

Editor Urdu Link & Bureau Chief (Pakistan)

Shabbir Ghori

urdulink@yahoo.com Resident Editor Urdu Link & Director Video Operations

Anwar Khawaja

akhawaja@pakistanlink.com Manager Advertising & Sales

Shiraz Sheikh (714) 400-3400 sales@pakistanlink.com

Regional Offices YKKB ykkb03@gmail.com Sacramento, CA

Shahid Hussain 530-933-8181

San Fransisco/Bay Area, CA

M. Akhtar Shah 415-756-3664

New York, NY NewYork@Plpublications.org Houston, TX Houston@Plpublications.org Phoenix, AZ Phoenix@Plpublications.org Ontario, Canada Ontario@Plpublications.org

Letters to the Editor Readers are welcome to express their opinion in these columns. Please keep your letters

brief and to the point. Letters without full name, complete address, and a daytime phone number will not be published. Also, copies of letters sent to other newspapers are not encouraged. Letters can be mailed, faxed or e-mailed to the Editor at the Pakistan Link Headquarters address listed below. Pakistan Link (ISSN 1074-0406) is published weekly for $65 a year by JAZ LLC, DBA PL Publications, LLC, 1501 North Raymond Avenue, Anaheim, CA 92801. Periodical postage paid at Anaheim, CA and additional mailing offices. POST MASTER: Send address changes to Pakistan Link, P O Box 1238, Anaheim, CA 92815 The management has the right to refuse to print any advertisement, news, article, letter or any other material. In case of any errors in advertisement the management will not be liable for more than the amount paid for the advertisement to the Link. Advertisements in Pakistan Link are placed in good faith. The newspaper is not responsible nor endorses the contents of any advertisement. In case of a frivolous lawsuit, the plaintiff will bear the total cost of the suit, including but not limited to the Link’s costs and the attorney’s fees.

Information for Subscribers The printing of Pakistan Link is unfailingly completed by Wednesday every week and its copies are handed over to the mailing house for prompt dispatch to the subscribers. The Link should reach its destination on time if there is no delay at the post office. If a delay is occasioned it is in no way attributable to the performance of Link’s management. In case of delayed receipt of Pakistan Link or missing issues, please contact your local Post Office and submit a “Publication Watch” form.

PAKISTAN LINK Headquarters

P O Box 1238, Anaheim, CA 92815

Tel: 714-400-3400 Fax: 714-400-3404 E-Mail: Editor@PakistanLink.com

Pakistan Office

504 Noman Tower Marston Road, Off M. A. Jinnah Road Karachi-74400, Pakistan

n By Mowahid Hussain Shah

T

he only certainty in longterm projections, as tersely stated by John Maynard Keynes 90 years ago, is that “in the long run we are all dead.”

This, too, was acknowledged in the just published report of the Oxford Martin Commission for Future Generations, captioned “Now for the Long Term.” It is a product of a one-year study done by noted experts from 13 countries. It focused on how governments can tackle their dual responsibility of meeting the immediate needs of citizenry while, at the same time, laying the foundations for sustained development in the future. Modern polity is mired in short-termism. Its immediate compulsions are such that it is difficult to find a Shah Jahan driven by an enduring passion to build a Taj Mahal for future generations. There are also socio-cultural dynamics that impede progress. In Pakistan, it is a rabid pursuit of the rapid buck. Accompanying it is the continuing excess baggage of foisting and entrenching the junior breed of the already over-privileged in the public domain. The focus is on the next election, not on the next generation, thus ensuring that the political culture remains polarized and dysfunctional. The virus is in the West, too. The October shutdown of the US government was driven in part by a powerful push from moneyed

Governance: The Long View

vested quarters to prevent the broad expansion of public health care. Exclusion is a key issue. Those included inside the big tent

refugees from entering its waters. The European Union continues to keep excluding Turkey. The United Nations keeps excluding a major

Arguably, the Norwegian Nobel Committee that deprived Malala of the Nobel Peace Prize did so, in part, because of latent prejudice and fear of presenting a high-profile platform and forum to an articulate young Pakistani who would then have the capability to take positions contrary to Western interests want to keep barring the excluded. Australia, despite its enormous size and puny populace, keeps cruelly blocking beleaguered Muslim boat

Muslim country from a permanent veto-carrying voting seat on the UN Security Council. The Nuclear Club remains off limits to any as-

OPINION piring Muslim nuclear power. And the Palestinian dimension, which is at the heart of the tensions roiling Western-Muslim world relations, remains purposely sidelined. Despite the claims of Western elites of being global in thought, some actions suggest that they remain local at heart. Arguably, the Norwegian Nobel Committee that deprived Malala of the Nobel Peace Prize did so, in part, because of latent prejudice and fear of presenting a high-profile platform and forum to an articulate young Pakistani who would then have the capability to take positions contrary to Western interests. Norway was the site of the July 22, 2011 mass murder of 77 people, including young Muslims, by anti-Muslim terrorist Anders Breivik. There is nothing holy about perpetuating a structure, be it local or global, that fails to deliver the basic indices of good governance – health care, education, merit, rule of law, and a forum where the aggrieved can air their grievances. Inequality, injustice, and inaccessibility, unless reduced, can create social havoc, as evidenced by the Arab upsurge. Talk won’t do unless backed by practical action-oriented steps. Entrenched venality and ineptness are massive roadblocks on the pathway to good governance necessitating, therefore, an overdue shifting of gears. Theories floated and propounded in academic conferences and reports can take you only so far. Can you teach common sense?

An Open Letter to President Obama & Prime Minister Sharif Your Excellencies, We, the undersigned write in reference to Dr Aafia Siddiqui, a Pakistani citizen with no legal status in the United States. Despite the representations of the government of Pakistan that it seeks Dr Siddiqui’s repatriation to her homeland, we are deeply concerned that she continues to suffer needlessly in a US federal prison thousands of miles from her family and country. We are also very concerned about her deteriorating physical and mental health throughout her excruciating ten-year ordeal. In the past, both governments had missed several opportunities to reunite Dr Siddiqui with her family. For example, two years ago, US government intelligence contractor Raymond Davis unjustifiably killed two Pakistani citizens in broad daylight in Pakistan. The US government demanded his repatriation, and Dr Siddiqui’s family and legal counsel requested that the transfer should only be made if Dr Siddiqui was also repatriated to Pakistan. Unfortunately, the leaders of Pakistan at the time failed to take any action to secure Dr Siddiqui’s return. As US citizens we are deeply disappointed by the lack of concern shown by our own successive administrations, first the Bush Administration and now the Obama Administration, for the endless suffering of this highly talented MIT and Brandies laureate cognitive neuroscientist and educationist. The continued mistreatment of this most highly educated Muslim female on a series of shifting charges exposes our support for Ms Malala

Yousafzai as insincere and merely a propaganda tool. We are also saddened that her children in Pakistan have had to spend the past 10 years separated from their mother – their pleas for help to return their mother to them have so far been ignored. With the recent election of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, we are heartened by the representations of the new government that it would finally take steps to facilitate Dr Siddiqui’s return to Pakistan. At this historical juncture, when both governments are seeking to turn a new page in their relationship, there are multiple options for a positive resolution to this tragic case that would result in the repatriation of Dr Siddiqui within legal frameworks that would provide enormous benefit to the image of the US in Pakistan and across the Muslim world and the region. Such positive winning of hearts and minds can only help bring about a better climate of trust and cooperation. Accordingly, we urge our own government, the Obama administration, to take immediate action and

www.PakistanLink.com

make a firm commitment to end the decade-long injustice and send Dr Siddiqui home before the end of 2013. Respectfully, 1. Hon Ramsey Clark - The 66th US Attorney General 2. Senator Mike Gravel - US Senator from 1969-1981 3. Hon Paul Findley - US Congressperson from 1961-1983 4. Hon Cynthia McKinney 6 Term US Congressperson, and Green Party’s candidate for US President 5. Hon Gamila - State Senator, St. Louis, Missiouri 6. Hon Ako Abdul-Samad Iowa State Representative 7. Dr John Esposito - Chairman, Prince Alwaleed Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding 8. Sara Flounders - Co-director, International Action Center 9. Steve Downs, Executive Director, National Coalition to Protect Civil Freedoms 11. Nahla Al-Arian, Coordinator, National Liberty Fund 12. El-Hajj Mauri’ Saalakhan Peace Thru Justice Foundation 13. Mr. Mark Hinkle - Chairman, California Civil Rights Alliance 14. Dr Mohammad Ashraf Toor - Chairman, Pakistani American Congress 15. Dr Zahid Bukhari - Director, AMA-Foundation 16. Imam Shakir Elsayed Chairman, Universal Justice Foundation 17. Imam Zaid Shakir - Imam, Lighthouse Mosque 18. Shahid Comrade - Secretary General, Pakistan-USA Freedom Forum

19. Imam Mahdi Bray - National Director, American Muslim Alliance 20. Shafi Refai - President, United Muslims of America 21. Muhammad Salim Akhtar, Executive Director, American Muslim Taskforce on Civil Rigghts and Elections 22. Raja Yaqub - Vice President, Pakistan American National Alliance 23. Amer Chaudhary - National Director, PADF 24. Syed Adeeb - CEO, Adeeb Media 25. Imam Khalid Griggs, Chairman, ICNA Council of Social Justice 26. Akhtar Umrani, President, Mehran Society 27. Arshad Umrani, President, Baloch Strategy Forum 28. Dr Agha Saeed - CEO, AMA Foundation.

Views and opinions expressed by authors and contributors in articles, letters, opinion pieces, reports, advertisements, etc appearing in Pakistan Link and Urdu Link are their own. The paper neither shares nor endorses them and thus should not be held responsible for the views/opinions of the writers & advertisers.


ADVERTISEMENT

NOVEMBER 1, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P5

www.PakistanLink.com


OPINION

P6 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 1, 2013 n By Professor Nazeer Ahmed

F

Concord, CA

or military triumph and political consolidation, the offensive weapons must be stronger than the defensive weapons. The Arabs had acquired the technology for siege engines from China and had improved upon them, mounting them on wheels, and stabilizing the launch platform. One such assault engine, the minjanique, could hurl a two-hundred pound stone over a distance of three hundred yards. In addition, the rapid enveloping movements of the Arab cavalry was more than a match for the more static Indian defenses which relied heavily on elephant mounted armor and infantry. The combination of technology and tactics provided the Arabs a decisive military advantage over their adversaries. At age of 17, Mohammed bin Qasim was one of the ablest generals in the Umayyad armies. Paying attention to details, he ordered the cavalry to move by land and shipped heavy assault engines by sea. Starting his campaigns near the modern city of Karachi, he moved rapidly to capture Panjore and Armabel and advanced towards Debal. The Raja of Debal closed the gates of the city and locked himself inside his fortress. A long siege ensued. The assault engines hammered the city walls day in and day out taking them down brick by brick. Finally, the mighty fortress walls collapsed, the city fell, the Raja fled and the Arab prisoners were released.

Tradition, Reform and Modernism in the Emergence of Pakistan - 2 From Debal, Mohammed bin Qasim advanced north, and in a series of campaigns captured Sistan, Bahraj, Cutch, Arore, Karej and Jiore. The Raja of Sindh fell at the battle of Jiore. Baluchistan and Sindh were added to the Umayyad Empire. The Arab armies moved up the Indus River. In 713, Multan fell, opening up the vast Punjab plains to the invading armies. Mohammed bin Qasim added portions of southern Punjab to his conquests and crossed the Indus to its eastern banks. But just as he was preparing for a decisive showdown with the rajas of eastern Punjab, the political situation in Iraq changed and Mohammed bin Qasim was called back to Basra. Following a pattern they had established in Iran and Egypt, the conquering Arabs set up military cantonments in Debal and Multan but made no attempts to convert the local population as long as they paid the taxes and accepted the protection of the Umayyad governor. In the year 717, Omar bin Abdel Azeez became the Caliph in Baghdad. Unlike his predecessors, he was a pious man with a noble vision. He gave up the lavish, profligate ways of the Umayyads, adopted an ascetic lifestyle, abolished unfair taxation on Iran, Egypt and Sindh, engaged the dissidents in dialogue, and treated the population of his vast realm with equity and justice. Attracted by his piety and fairness, many of the Zoroastrians in Persia, Coptic Christians in Egypt, Buddhists in Central Asia and Hindus in Sindh accepted Islam.

Historically, this was the first wave of conversion in the Islamic world after the death of the Prophet. However, court intrigue in the palaces of Baghdad intervened once again. Omar bin Abdel Azeez was poisoned in 719 and the far-reaching reforms initiated by him came to a halt. So did the process of conversion. The Abbasids took over from the Umayyads in 751 CE, founded the city of Baghdad, encouraged learning and shifted their focus from conquest to trade. Arab and Persian merchants established colonies all along the rim of the Indian Ocean including Hermuz in Persia, Aden in Yemen, Dar es Salam in Tanzania, Cochin in India, Debal in Sindh,

www.PakistanLink.com

Multan in Punjab, Malacca in Malaysia and Canton in China. Arabic became the lingua franca of the littoral states of the Indian Ocean. The traders mingled and intermarried with the local populations. Impressed by their piety, integrity, fairness and egalitarian discipline, many entered the fold of Islam. Conversion was especially brisk along the Malabar Coast of India. It was with the advent of Fatimid rule in Egypt in the tenth century that conversion picked up in what is today Pakistan. I have in my books on Islam in Global History explained in some detail the religious, political and military events in North Africa and the Middle East surrounding the emergence of the Fatimids. The Fatimids are also called Ismailis. They follow six Imams as opposed to the Ithna Asharis who follow twelve Imams. Today, they constitute a small but influential section of the Islamic community based primarily in Bombay, Karachi, East Africa and Southern Egypt. The Agha Khan is the titular head of the Ismaili community. In the year 969, the Fatimid Sultan Muiz captured Egypt. This event was a turning point in Islamic history. Using Egypt as their base, the Fatimids branched out, capturing Mecca, Madina and Jerusalem. For a hundred years thereafter the khutba in Mecca and Madina was read in the name of Fatimid princes whose sway extended from the Atlantic coast in Morocco to the Euphrates River in Iraq. The Sunni Abbasids were cor-

nered into a small area around Baghdad. Muiz (d 975) was a visionary monarch and an able administrator. He established schools, built canals, encouraged agriculture, fostered trade, reduced taxes on the peasants and supported the ulema. It was he who founded the city of Cairo and established the university at Al Azhar (969 CE). His empire sat astride the trade routes between Asia and Europe and benefited from the eastwest trade. Egypt prospered and the people loved him. With the strategic province of Egypt under their control, the Fatimids attempted to establish a universal Islamic Empire directed by the Fatimid Imams. For over a hundred years, from the conquest of Egypt in 969 to the year 1057 when the Buyids were driven out of Baghdad by the Seljuk Turks, the Fatimid writ reigned supreme over much of the Islamic world. The vast majority of their subjects were orthodox Sunni Muslims. To realize their vision of a global empire, the Fatimids embarked on a conversion program directed at the Sunnis as well as the Ithna Ashari (twelver) Shias. The university at Al Azhar was turned into a vast propaganda center wherein daees were trained and sent to the far-flung corners of the Muslim world. In addition, in the year 1002, a formal dawa center, the Darul Hikmah, was established in Cairo. Some of the Fatimid daees arrived in Multan and Sindh where they met with a degree of success. By the time Mahmud Ghaznavi appeared in the Punjab (1001CE), the Fatimids had converted the Emir of Multan and the Fatimid MODERNISM, P10


OPINION

NOVEMBER 1, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P7

n By Dr Mohammad Taqi

T

Florida

he so-called stakeholders struck again. A suicide bomber killed the law minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Mr Israrullah Khan Gandapur. The minister, a decent young man from all accounts, was exchanging Eid greetings with the visitors at his house in his native Kulachi.

The official response of the provincial ruling party, the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI), to which Mr Gandapur belonged, and the Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz (PML-N), which rules at the Center, was nothing more than muffled bleating. Forget an unequivocal condemnation of the act and its perpetrators, if not a befitting response to such an atrocity, the federal interior minister ‘expressed sorrow’ and the provincial government begged the terrorists to stop killing on humanitarian grounds! The current leadership clearly lacks a plan and the resolve to fight terrorism. The PTI and the PML-N may just be what Winston Churchill would have called sheep in sheep’s clothing. The PTI and its leader, Mr Imran Khan, lead the herd that continues to dream of a dialogue with those who continue to kill and maim without pause. Never being willing to name the jihadists for the barbarity they have unleashed over a decade, Mr Khan and his lieutenants are now actively muddying the waters by blaming the elusive ‘foreign hand’ and ‘enemies of peace’ even for the violence that the terrorists directly claim. The PTI leader seems to suggest that the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) wants a negotiated settlement but there are spoilers, handled presumably by the Afghan-Indo-US-Zionist combine, which are thwarting the process through bombings. He had the gall to say that if the Taliban had been given an office, according to his whims,

PTI & PML-N: The Sheep in Sheep’s Clothing they could be asked directly if they had killed Mr Israrullah Gandapur. The irony in insisting on negotiating with and accommodating these ‘foreign agents’ is lost on Mr Khan. Mr Khan’s naiveté about the terrorists and their motives is now downright dangerous as his party runs the government in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the province worst affected by jihadist terrorism. If it were just an individual losing the plot it might be different, but Mr Khan has a large following, and a strong presence in the National Assembly, where he reportedly is jostling to become the opposition leader. Mr Khan’s relatively new theory that there are bad Taliban within the bad Taliban of the TTP does not hold water. The jihadists have never been one cohesive force even when their antecedents ravaged Afghanistan in the 1980s. Hundreds of Mujahideen groups fighting then made it difficult for even their ISI handlers to keep track, and they mandated that the insurgents join one of the Peshawar-based seven Afghan groupings to be eligible for the Pak-Saudi-US largesse and weapons. Similarly, the TTP has been a coalition of assorted groups operating in different areas, pledging nominal allegiance to Mullah Omar and Hakeemullah Mehsud, and cooperate to extend and multiply force, but, at times, also fight among themselves. But it is not all naiveté on Mr Khan’s part. He disingenuously ignores not just the TTP’s own claims for perpetrating hundreds of attacks across Pakistan but its stated objectives too. When asked by the BBC recently if the US withdrawal from Afghanistan will have an impact on his movement, Hakeemullah Mehsud had said: “There will be no impact of the American withdrawal on the TTP, because friendship with America is only one of the two reasons we have to conduct jihad against Pakistan. The other reason is that Pakistan’s system

is un-Islamic, and we want that it should be replaced with the Islamic system. This demand and this desire will continue even after the American withdrawal.” Contrary to Mr Khan’s portrayal of the TTP as wayward boys fighting to avenge the harm done to their tribal home and honor by the US drones, the TTP’s head is clearly vying to impose a sharia-based emirate in Pakistan, regardless of the US presence in the neighborhood. Whether TTP can succeed or not is a different story but it surely seems hell-bent on endless bloodshed along the way. While building a strong narrative for no action against the relentless jihadist enterprise, Mr Khan also conveniently passes on all the responsibility for talks to the federal government. Although the PTI chief is merely playing politics, the buck does stop with the PML-N and its Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. As Khyber Pakhtunkhwa reels under terrorism, Mr Sharif ’s gingerly attitude towards that hapless region remains deeply disappointing. The Cabinet Committee on National Security has met perhaps once, and the PML-N’s much-touted

www.PakistanLink.com

national counterterrorism policy and force remain elusive as ever. But Mr Sharif did order fast-tracking the planned special counterterrorism force in Punjab. The prime minister has had several days’ sojourns in Saudi Arabia and London but spent barely an hour in Peshawar — the city that has lost hundreds of innocent lives within days. Mr Sharif appears as clueless as Mr Khan about both the negotiations and the dialogue. When on foreign tours Mr Sharif makes some noises about dealing forcefully with those (terrorists) who flout the state’s writ, but when at home, he settles for calling the terrorist attacks in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa, such as the one that killed Mr Gandapur, as “not acceptable”. It seems that for all practical purposes Mr Sharif is concerned only with saving his home province of Punjab, and considers the Pashtun lands a sandbag to achieve that goal. Some argue that better policing and law enforcement has kept the terrorist menace to a minimum in Punjab. But there are clear signs that the PML-N’s appeasement of the jihadists and sectarian terrorists over the past several years has bought it some reprieve in the Punjab. The TTP’s Omar Media has released the video of their IED attack that had martyred General Sanaullah Niazi last month. Watching the gruesome clip one is reminded of its marked resemblance to the videos the Afghan Mujahideen used to release after killing Afghan and Soviet soldiers in the 1980s. According to its planners, the Pakistan-sponsored jihad was supposed to remain confined to consuming Afghans only, but it did not. And the terrorism consuming the men, women and children in the Pashtun lands won’t remain confined to across the Attock Bridge either. Churchill had said that an appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last. The PTI and the PML-N sheep must not forget that the jihadist crocodiles are aplenty in the political waters of Punjab. (The writer can be reached at mazdaki@ me.com and he tweets @mazdaki)


OPINION

P8 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 1, 2013 n By Dr Adil Najam

O

Lahore, Pakistan

Absurdistan

nce upon a time, not that very long ago, in a land so familiar it could be right here, yet so far away that it is not even a real place, too many troubled souls were having a sleepless night. Stewing in their own personal bouts of angst and anguish, they tossed and turned, staring out of their very different windows at the same very starless night. Hoping that tomorrow might be better than today. Knowing that it would not.

The shopkeeper was not sure whether he should be angry with himself or with the young engineer from the electric power company. He did not like stealing electricity. He liked having to pay someone to help him steal electricity even less. He was, after all, a good man. A righteous man. People respected him. Not just because of the mark of years of prostrations on his forehead. He genuinely wanted to do good. To be good. But what could he do? There was just not enough electricity to buy. And where everyone steals, only fools do not. Good as he was, he was not a fool. The young engineer was not a fool either. There was no mark of prostration on his forehead but he considered himself more patriotic than most. How he wished he did not have to be in the kunda business. If only people were given a living wage, he would not have to do what he did. At least not as much, or as often. Not too long ago he had been a starry-eyed progressive zealot in search of social justice for all. He was still searching for social justice. Now, mostly for himself. But, extracting a gratuity from that self-righteous, tax-cheating, over-charging shopkeeper was not even on his mind. What was keeping him awake tonight was what he knew he had to do tomorrow. Tomorrow he had to pay a bribe to a small-time bureaucrat to prove that his dead father was indeed dead. As if the cold dry dirt on his father’s grave was not proof. As if his mother’s still wet eyes did not matter. As if that same bureaucrat had himself not been at the funeral. Tomorrow he had to go and give money to this ‘friend of the family’ and thank him for taking the bribe! All this, for the privilege of receiving an official paper stating the undeniable: that his dead father was really dead. “What a mockery of life, life has become”, said the young

man to himself, as he tried, again, to go to sleep. The night was not kind on the clerk either. He was still seething over the humiliating meeting from earlier today. It had started with him approaching his former boss about helping to get his daughter a job. His boss had been a big guy in government. Long retired, he was now even bigger; pulling strings seen and unseen. It had been nice of him to speak to someone who had worked on his staff years ago. He had congratulated the bureaucrat for having given education to his daughters, handed him a visiting card, and told him to go and see his (the boss’s) son. The prodigal son – after having studied at big-name foreign universities and working in big-name global banks – had returned to set up a large industrial plant. Off trotted our bureaucrat to meet the prodigal son. He did not mind having to wait. He did mind being lectured on

www.PakistanLink.com

the merit of merit. On corruption, sifarish and nepotism. He remembered how the prodigal son had merited a government scholarship when he first travelled abroad. He knew how he had merited the permits, land, clearances and more that had made this plant possible. He knew all about merit. So, he kept smiling even as he groveled. Thanked the prodigal son for his noble thoughts. Came back home and festered in his own anger. “Why are people so full of themselves? Why are they not more helpful? As I always am. As I will be tomorrow to my late neighbor’s son, the young engineer.” The prodigal son had not slept well for a long time. This night was no exception. “This place does not deserve me”, he thought to himself. “Why does nothing work as it should? Why is everyone so devoid of principle? Hypocrites, all. Here I am trying to give back, and all I get is jeers. People are so ungrateful.” Like that TV talk-show anchor who went on and on about his family’s newfound wealth and tax record. “Why do they never see the hard work we put in?” he asked himself. “I don’t pay taxes because I conscientiously object. The money will be squandered. Misused. When everyone else pays their taxes, I will too. Meanwhile, I give to the right causes. Things that make a difference. My conscience is clear.” He resolved never to watch that wretched talk show again. Elsewhere, the ‘wretched’ talk show anchor was equally restless. Her thoughts were not much different. “This place does not deserve me. Why does nothing work as it should? Why is everyone so devoid of principle? Hypocrites, all. Here I am trying to give back, and all I get is jeers. People are so ungrateful.” It had been a good show today. She had succeeded, again, in getting under the skin of the politicians. They had reacted exactly as she knew they would. Brandishing accusations. Shouting. Making fools of themselves. What more can a TV anchor ask for? She did want more. So much more. She was tremendously bright. Highly educated. Deeply knowledgeable. Once, not all that long ago, she had been a real journalist. Now she felt like a circus ringmaster. “Tamasha nation; Tamashbeen society. Circus nation; spectator society.” She wanted to be a real journalist again. Ask real questions. “How to actually do something about extremism? How to bring terrorists to justice? How to move beyond simple condemnation, to real action?” But no one, she thought to herself, was thinking about these questions. “No one ever does. Why should I?” ABSURDISTAN, P9


OPINION

NOVEMBER 1, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P9

n By Karamatullah K. Ghori

A

Toronto, Canada

s these lines are being written, Nawaz Sharif, Pakistan’s three-time lucky PM, is still waiting for his audience with President Obama in the White House.

Nawaz’ meeting with the leader of the ‘free world’ is scheduled for Wednesday, October 23, afternoon. But he descended on Washington exactly three days in advance of it—with a plane-load of ministers, advisers and what have you. This is typical of our heavily-mandated leaders and even those never given a mandate. The ugly—some say filthy—practice of travelling with large entourage of hangers-on and free-loaders begun by the self-styled “Quaide-Awam” ZAB hasn’t gone out of fashion with leaders and rulers of all stripes in Pakistan. Cynics and detractors of Nawaz— and there are legions of them at home and abroad—have been sniggering that it’s not only a colossal waste of precious and paltry national resources but also marks the servility of our leaders. What business compelled the PM to hunker down in Washington three days ahead of the date with Obama, they are asking with disgust. But what these critics and cynics perhaps inadvertently overlook or forget is the nature of our political culture continually hogged by an oligarchy of fortune-seekers and moneyed landlords. Nawaz is after all one of them. And to these fellas the ultimate cachet of legitimacy in power comes only via an official pilgrimage to the White House. The Americans know this too. So they have been regal in dispensing this esoteric favour to their Pakistani satraps and in being both munificent and niggardly. Take, for instance, their ill-disguised aversion to that rogue, Asif Ali Zardari. He wasn’t blessed with an official invite to Washington, although he was a duly elected and, by virtue of his election, a legitimate leader. Zardari, on his part, tilted at all the windmills within his reach and grasp, to court Washington for it but was rebuffed and kept at arm’s length. By contrast, Pervez Musharraf, a Bonaparte who’d seized power by deception and trickery and was an illegitimate ruler by any definition of law, was a frequent visitor to Washington. Given this devious track record of the denizen of the White House, it’s nothing less than a stroke of serendipity for Nawaz to have managed an invitation to the White House within months of returning to power in Pakistan. Obama seems not only obliging but—pardon the hyperbole if you so think—anxious to court Nawaz, especially since rebuffing him last month when Nawaz and Manmohan—leader of Pakistan’s principal adversary and nemesis, India—were both in New York for the UNGA. Manmohan was favoured with an audience in the Oval Office while Nawaz was told to wait for his turn. But one shouldn’t think Obama is conferring some gratuitous favour on Nawaz. It isn’t altruism; no, not at all. Don’t think I’m trying to be the devil’s advocate, but hard would it be to deny the fact that in the prevailing global scenario no world leader matters as much to Obama—on his check-list of priorities—as Nawaz Sharif. ABSURDISTAN FROM P8

She was wrong. In a muchguarded enclave in another part of town, the general was thinking of exactly the same questions. He usually slept early. And slept well. But, not today. He knew he had to meet the prime minister tomorrow. Although some still did not believe him, the general had surprised all by announcing that he would buck tradition, trend and tendency by simply walking away from the top job. The meeting with the prime minister was to determine his successor. But

Drones Are Too Big a Challenge for Nawaz

Pakistan holds the key to Afghanistan, especially to Obama’s planned withdrawal from that war-stricken and terror-ravaged land, come 2014, which is only months away. And Nawaz, as Pakistan’s duly elected leader has it within his power to make the US back-tracking from Afghanistan smooth or unpleasant—depending on how Washington plays its cards with Pakistan. So Nawaz will not be meeting Obama as a supplicant but on a footing of equality, depending on what sense of ‘equality’ one has in their mind. However, that’s where Nawaz would be

where Nawaz becomes the key man for him. He has just tried to sweeten the pot for Nawaz by reviving Pakistan’s aid package—a dollop of $ 1.6 billion in military and economic assistance was announced from the White House as Nawaz was winging his way to Washington’s Andrews Air Force base. But Nawaz will have to come to terms with the Pakistani Taliban—the notorious TTP—in order to ensure that they don’t queer the pitch for the Americans when they start beating a quick retreat from the beleaguered Afghanistan. Nawaz, in turn, would need a helping

One shouldn’t think Obama is conferring some gratuitous favour on Nawaz. It isn’t altruism; no, not at all. Don’t think I’m trying to be the devil’s advocate, but hard would it be to deny the fact that in the prevailing global scenario no world leader matters as much to Obama—on his check-list of priorities—as Nawaz Sharif

akin to a man trying to walk, gingerly and with trepidation, on egg shells. That’s where he dilemma comes up for him. Nawaz, for none of his faults, has too many expectations riding on him at this sensitive—in fact, hyper-sensitive—juncture in USPakistan relations. Obama expects him to smoothen America’s painful—if not exactly humiliating—withdrawal from Afghanistan after an unsuccessful and fruitless mission. US has waged the longest war in its history, to date, in Afghanistan. Its expensive war wasn’t waged against a regular army but a rag-tag band of fighters determined to thwart the world’s mightiest military force. George W. Bush may have thought Afghanistan would be a piece of cake for his adventure but that turned out to be a horrible nightmare for the US. It’s Obama’s unfortunate call to preside over a humiliating retreat. He knows that he could lessen the pain of humiliation with a good dose of Pakistani co-operation. That’s

the general was no longer interested in this. He was tossing and turning thinking about the same questions that the TV anchor had been toying with. He had thought about those questions many times. The answer always was, “Yes, we should take action; but action will be costly.” Things would go from real bad to even worse. Today, the general was in an even more pensive mood than usual. Suicide attacks in every major city of the country had once again confirmed what everyone already knew: things were no longer just

hand from Obama, especially in regard to the thorny question of American drones raining down hell-fire on the tribal areas of Pakistan with a regularity that has made life a living hell for the unfortunate inhabitants of the tribal belt. One of the prime conditions laid down by TTP for peace talks with the Pakistani government is complete cessation of drone strikes against Pakistan. They aren’t the only ones demanding it; the people of Pakistan—en masse—want a full and total halt to what has become a scourge from the skies. The people of Pakistan expect their leader to prevail upon his White House host to put an end to the torture that the drone strikes are for them. They wouldn’t mind Nawaz squandering their hard-earned money on his lavish kingly style of travelling with a regal entourage if he could win his battle of wits with Obama on the drones. But, sadly, that looks like a deal beyond Nawaz’ reach. That’s a circle Pakistan’s luckiest political leader simply can’t square.

‘real bad’, they were already ‘even worse’. It was this sobering realization that triggered a mischievous thought in the general’s mind. “Maybe I should suggest to the prime minister tomorrow that now is the time to be bold; time for decisive action. If things go right, the next general will have to grapple with slightly less terrible baggage than I had to; if they don’t, they can blame it on me.” The general had spent a lifetime disciplining himself against mischievous thoughts. But he did indulge in a faint smile at

www.PakistanLink.com

Nawaz raised the issue of drone strikes against unsuspecting civilians of Pakistan in his UNGA speech last month. He said he would be raising the issue in his talks with Obama in the Oval Office. He has facts to buttress his case. In this calendar year alone—or the first nine months of it—Pakistan has had 45 visitations of the deadly drones. Even on the basis of conservative estimates, figured out by independent sources, not those from Pakistan, at least 6500 people have been killed in these notorious strikes over a period of past ten years, an overwhelming number of them being civilians—men, women and children—who have never had anything to do with terrorism. Nawaz’ hands have been strengthened—if he chooses to be strong and forceful in his talks with his interlocutor—by the latest report of the UN Rapporteur, Ben Emmerson, a South African lawyer and expert of international law, submitted to UNGA last week. Nawaz’ mission on drones—if he looks at it as a mission and a challenge—has also been given a hefty boost by two prestigious human rights watch dogs—Amnesty International, and Human Rights Watch—accusing US, in a report unveiled on the eve of Nawaz’ meeting with Obama, of willful and wanton violations of international law. They have warned Washington of potential war crimes prosecution for its repeated practice of attacking innocent civilians through its predatory drone strikes. White House has been quick to reject the human rights groups’ allegations out of hand. Obama’s spokesman, Jay Carney, claimed that whatever his government was doing, vis-à-vis the innocent victims of drone strike,s was legal and legitimate. He also claimed the US was “choosing the course of action least likely to result in the loss of innocent life.” Just note the pun in the White House explanation. It arrogates to itself the right to decide who’s innocent and who’s not. It doesn’t deny or refute killing civilians in the blind fury of the drones but insists , by implication, that those civilians killed aren’t, really, innocent in its book. So let’s not get carried away that Nawaz would convince the Oval Office occupant because he, Nawaz, has the voices of 180 million Pakistanis behind him crying out for an end to the nightmare of drones. Obama thinks he has, in the dreaded drones, an efficient and cost-effective weapon to wage his war against terror. Nawaz may huff and puff, plead for an end to the scourge but is unlikely to move his interlocutor. Drones are unlikely to go away— at least not in foreseeable future. And let’s also be honest to ourselves. The Pakistan government—both its military and civilian components—have been complicit in the dreadful and dastardly game. It was that devious, treacherous commando, Pervez Musharraf, who signed on the dotted lines and sold his country and its unsuspecting people down the drain to perpetuate his illegitimate rule. The man is now living it up in his plush house-arrest outside Islamabad. One wonders if he has any human instinct in him to realise what a terrible crime against the people of Pakistan he has committed in his lust for power. He’s, for all intents and purposes, beyond the reach of the Pakistani law. Don’t be surprised when you get the news that Musharraf has flown out to safety. It doesn’t hurt to be realistic. (The author is a former ambassador and career diplomat)

this thought. Immediately he shook his head violently. Shooed away all mischievous thoughts. And willed himself to sleep. The prime minister was also up, but his mind was fixated on the energy crisis. He found himself suppressing a yawn during a late night briefing from his energy advisor: “Sir, the real problem is theft. Too many people willing to steal energy. And they don’t even think they are doing anything wrong.” The prime minister nodded his head knowingly and called the meeting to a close. It was already

too late and he needed to go to bed. As he did so, he was reminded of a constituent saying to him, “Where everyone steals, only fools do not.” Dealing with theft, he knew, would not work. His people were no fools. And that is why Absurdistan is what it is. Everyone knows what the right thing to do is, but is waiting for someone else to do it. (The writer has taught international relations and diplomacy at Boston University and at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and was the vice chancellor of LUMS)


OPINION

P10 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 1, 2013 n By Dr Haider Mehdi

UAE

If only I had met, on this search, a single clearly evil person.” –Timothy Garton Ash, The File

A Note to Indian Readers: Some Indian readers reacted to my Oct. 2, 2013 column, “Islamabad’s Myopic View of New Delhi” (The Nation) with outrage to the extent of outright abuse. That was obviously sad. My view is: let us be less impassioned. It is the 21st century and the age of sentimentality is over. All of us need to respond to the political challenges of our times with due logic and rationality or we will never rise to the level of civility expected of modern humanity. Human beings are not evil, vindictive, vengeful, resentful or vicious by nature. It is cognitive development, peculiar societal norms, nation-state symbolism, religious intolerance, and political hypocrisy that has driven most of humanity into groups opposing each other, turning them into enemies. Nonetheless, we are all children of God – diverse, distinctive, characteristic, unequal and unmatched, and yet we all bleed the same way. As human beings, we have the potential to respect and value each other as we wish to be respected and valued ourselves. We all can coexist in spite of our cultural diversity, religious and faith differences, and national sentiments. But for that to happen, we need to construct a new sense and awareness of a consciousness with shared human values rather than hatred and hostility towards each other. Let us attempt to construct a paradigm of mutual coexistence between India and Pakistan based on historical realities rather than political slogans, rhetorical nationalistic sentiments and religious symbolism all viewed and presented to the general public in manipulated form. First: Let us all admit that Hindu culture and religion is centuries old. Its philosophical, spiritual, artistic and scientific contributions have had enlightened impacts on Indus-Ganga civilization. Hindu civilization is pre-Islamic. It has survived for centuries and it will continue to survive, no matter how much the diehard anti-Hindu fundamentalists desire its demise. But let us acknowledge, with IMMIGRATION FROM P24

a House bipartisan border bill for the border enforcement addition passed in the Senate. But observers say that bill, which has the support of more than 180 Democrats, has little chance of moving through committee in a Republican-controlled House. Three possible GOP plays There are three possible plays for House Republicans to move the ball forward, according to Angela Kelley, vice president of immigration policy and advocacy at the Washington, DC-based think tank Center for American Progress. First, House Republicans could hold a series of floor votes on the piecemeal bills that have made it through committee. If these bills pass in the House, they would move on to the conference committee, where lawmakers would have until

NOTES FROM A SOCIAL SCIENTIST

India and Pakistan: Some Reflections the same spirit of openness and tolerance, that the Islamic civilization is the culmination of all religious philosophical thoughts and its 1400 years of history has had a paramount global impact on human civilization. Islamic civilization’s philosophical, spiritual, artistic and scientific, architectural, mathematical, astronomical and medical contributions have had a revolutionary effect on humanity’s spiritual and material advancements in the recent past history. Islamic political thought and governance ideology added a new chapter in the concepts of justice, equality and welfare state in modern political thought and ideological parameters. It is not an accident of history that the Islamic civilization was able to spread all over the globe in a relatively short time. The fact is that it offered salvation to oppressed humanity in many parts of the world – until the “Crusades” in general and “colonialism” in particular put an end to the spiritual worlds of Hindu-Muslim India. Hence, the emergence of Pakistan was a natural consequence of a colonial era and the resultant effects of a socio-psychological-political wedge that was natural to two different communities essentially diverse in their philosophical view on life and values. Fundamentalist Hindus must come to grips with the fact that Pakistan is a historical reality and it is here to exist forever – no matter how much they lament the loss of “Akhund Bharat.” Second: Hinduism ideologically does not preach or believe in a classless, modern egalitarian concept. Religiously, it is a class-based society. On the other hand, Islamic political thought and ideology is entirely focused on the creation of a welfare state based on the equality of all – a classless society. However, the fact of the matter is that Muslims are very often in contradiction with the ethical political values that Islam is supposed to be celebrating. Pakistan in particular, since its inception, has been driven to a class society gradually reaching the epitome of it. Whereas India has failed ideologically, but has made determined efforts to correct itself, Pakistan has practically ditched its ideological stance and its ruling elite has politically driven the end of 2014 to work out a compromise between the Senate and House bills. Second, Republicans could choose to do nothing. If Republican leaders calculate that there simply isn’t enough support among their party for immigration reform, they could decide not to bring up such a contentious issue, afraid that a no vote could make the GOP look bad. Currently, some 27 House Republicans have said they support a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants. Third, Republicans could decide to bring to a vote a bill that includes a “poison pill,” something that is so toxic to the community that Democrats won’t vote for it. One example of this would be the SAFE Act, a bill that Kelley calls a “draconian” enforcement bill that “goes way too far.” This strategy

this nation to the limits of a strictly class society where socio-economic realities are as grim as Hindu fundamentalist India if not exactly the same. Indeed, the masses in both India and Pakistan remain oppressed and disenfranchised. Third: Let us admit that Indian democracy is a functional, forwardmoving political force squarely es-

Pakistan, the marginalization and deprivations of the common citizens seems to have become an enterprise of the so-called “democratic” leadership and “saved democracy.” Perhaps Pakistani “saved democracy” can learn a lesson or two from the Indian practical and forward-moving democracy. Perhaps the two democracies can acknowledge the

Manmohan Singh’s India is in an intense political romance with the US seeking a role that a new bride deserves of a loving groom. Nawaz Sharif’s (and successive Pakistani military and civilian rulers) Pakistan is hanging around in the loop like an orphan calling for attention that an orphaned child demands tablished in that country. Pakistani democracy, on the other hand, has been driving the nation backwards into a client-state, dependent on foreign assistance, foreign intervention in its domestic and foreign affairs, foreign dictates, and socio-economic disasters, political crises and leadership failures in policy planning and nation-building parameters. In India, in spite of its relative success with democracy, the majority of the masses remain economically and socially disenfranchised, while in

massive poverty of their masses and admit that egalitarian societies in both nations are a remote possibility as of now. Could a new paradigm of mutual coexistence between the two neighbors be built on the mutuality of shared ideas on the creation and development of egalitarian societies in both nations? After all, India cannot deny the fact that poverty, illiteracy, rural backwardness and social incohesion are all part of its larger existential reality. In Pakistan, these

would allow Republicans to say they had tried, and that it was Democrats who thwarted the chances of immigration reform. Calls for a moratorium on deportations If Congress doesn’t act on immigration reform, some immigrant rights advocates are calling for President Obama to halt deportations through executive action. But there are political and legal concerns with such a move, notes Kelley. If Congress passes immigration reform, it would be a permanent fix – unlike the temporary deferred action program announced by Obama. (The president is not able to grant green cards or a path to residency and citizenship, for example.) Others have raised legal questions about the president’s authority to grant deferred action to too many

people, saying it would be going too far and could be an abuse of discretion. “The view from a political standpoint, is that that’s not smart because there is still time for the Republicans to act,” said Kelley. If the White House steps in, she said, “It takes Republicans off the hook.” The question now is whether House Republicans will see it in their best interest to act on immigration reform – or if they think the best political move is not to move at all. That’s a lot of political maneuvering on an issue that has real-life implications for millions of immigrants in this country who are living under threat of deportation, waiting years to reunite with family members as a result of visa backlogs, or simply afraid to call the police if they are victims of a crime.

www.PakistanLink.com

elements of social and economic backwardness are too obvious to be mentioned. Manmohan Singh’s India is in an intense political romance with the US seeking a role that a new bride deserves of a loving groom. Nawaz Sharif ’s (and successive Pakistani military and civilian rulers) Pakistan is hanging around in the loop like an orphan calling for attention that an orphaned child demands. Both are dependent on the intensity and assumed perceptual strength of their relationships. Both are respectively unaware that some romances fail and orphans are generally disowned. Both are willfully in self-denial that the US is a dogeat-dog world where loyalty is paid well while disloyalty is punished harshly and severely. The fact is that the worlds of political romance and political orphanage are themselves fractured existences where permanence is only a conditional reality. Would it not be more appropriate for Indian alive democracy and Pakistani “saved democracy” to work towards an acceptance of their diverse historical realities, acknowledge their ideological differences, reconcile to the idea of mutual coexistence based on respect for each other’s faith and historical contributions to human civilization, and join hands in the creation of ideas for the development of egalitarian societies in both countries? India has to stop playing the new bride to the US. Pakistan will have to abandon its orphanage act. We do not have to be bed-partners, but India and Pakistan can help each other as good neighbors – that is an acquired state of mind. And that is what will matter most at the end. India cannot be the regional and global dominant power that the US wants it to be – it is an abstract idea in itself hindered by India’s massive poverty – and whose time has not come and will not come for an indefinite period in the future. Pakistan and other regional powers will not accept Indian political and economic domination – that is simply a logical foregone conclusion, given the state of global political realities of the present time. And I will eagerly wait for my Indian readers’ reactions to this writing. Have a good day! (The writer is UAE-based academic, policy analyst, conflict resolution expert and author of several books on Pakistan and foreign policy issues. He holds a doctorate and a master’s degree from Columbia University in New York) MODERNISM FROM P6

presence was well established there. Mahmud fought and defeated Dawud and brought his emirate back into the fold of Sunni Islam (1004 CE). The population which had opted for Fatimid Shi’ism reverted to Sunni schools of fiqh. The influx of Fatimid daees marked the first organized attempt at mass conversion in Sindh and Multan. A large number of the early Sufi Shaikhs were among these daees. The names of Pir Sadruddin, Pir Kabiruddin and Pir Yusufuddin are well known in Pakistan. The influx of Sufi Shaikhs continued during the Ghaznavid period. Among the most successful of these Sufis were Shaikh Ismail and Data Ganj Baksh (d 1079). These stalwarts were the earliest missionaries in Western Punjab and their spirituality convinced multitudes of Hindus to accept Islam. (To be continued)


PAKISTAN

NOVEMBER 1, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P11

Fazl to Spearhead Talks with Taliban, Claims JUI- F Aide

The JUI-F spokesperson said that Maulana Fazl also briefed the premier on his recently concluded visit to Afghanistan and conveyed to him the reservations of the Afghan side

Islamabad: Jamiat Ulema-e-IslamFazl (JUI-F) chief Maulana Fazlur Rehman is to spearhead the process of dialogue with the Taliban, a close aide to the JUI-F chief claimed on Monday. The negotiations are expected to begin soon. During a meeting at the Noor Khan Airbase, Rawalpindi, ahead of the prime minister’s departure for London on Monday, the JUIF chief sought a clear guarantee regarding the initiation of talks with the Taliban to ensure stability,

particularly in the tribal areas and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, he told The Express Tribune. At the same time, the prime minister categorically said that on the matter of talks with the Taliban, no pressure would be accepted from anyone or any country, including the US. The same was conveyed to US President Barack Obama in his meeting in Washington, he added. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif met with Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam

Fazl (JUI-F) chief Maulana Fazlur Rehman on Monday and the two leaders held consultations over holding talks with militant groups as well as over the possible inclusion of JUI-F in the federal cabinet, DawnNews reported. Maulana Fazl appreciated the premier’s stance on the US drone strikes, said JUI-F spokesperson Jan Achakzai. “The Maulana is satisfied with the stance of the government as per the briefing that was given by Prime Minister Nawaz. But Maulana Fazl has made it quite clear that still there is a need to raise an even stronger voice to force the United States to halt drone strikes immediately,” he said. He also noted that Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif dispelled the impression that some underhand deals between the United States and Pakistan are being made. “The current PML-N government is completely against devious affairs related to national security, which is why everything is public and exposed. There is no underhand deal with the US,” an official privy to the meeting quoted the premier as saying. The JUI-F spokesperson said that Maulana Fazl also briefed the premier on his recently concluded visit to Afghanistan and conveyed to him the reservations of the Afghan side.

Congressmen Pressure Nawaz to Release Dr Shakil Afridi

Washington, DC: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has as-

sured US lawmakers that he will reconsider the case of a jailed Pakistani doctor who helped the CIA track Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden, a US news channel reported on Sunday. The Fox News reported that Chairman of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs Representative Ed Royce together with Robert Lorsch of the Free Afridi Campaign “heavily pressured” the Pakistani leadership about releasing the doctor and allowing him a life in the US. The report claimed what some Pakistani journalists witnessed on Oct 22, when the prime minister briefed the committee’s members on this and other issues at the Rayburn office building on the Hill. Mr Sharif more or less repeated the speech he delivered at the US Institute of Peace earlier in the day, making a passionate appeal to the US lawmakers to reengage with Pakistan. Perhaps to appease the lawmakers, the prime minister omitted the appeal to end the drone strikes that he made at the institute. The omission, however, had little impact on the lawmakers who had not come to the meeting to humor the Pakistani prime minister. As soon as Mr Sharif ended his speech, the lawmakers unleashed a barrage of critical comments and questions and they did so in such a harsh and unfriendly tone that surprised the Pakistani delegation. They blamed Pakistan for allegedly sending its “troops, not just the Taliban” for attacking US soldiers in Afghanistan. They accused Pakistan of “patronizing” cross-border terrorism in Afghanistan and for “sending terrorists” into India to “kill Indian civilians”. Pakistan was also blamed for nurturing Lashkar-eTaiba and Jamaatud Dawa and for “allowing” Hafiz Saeed to “operate freely” and launch cross-border attacks into India. Some lawmakers blamed Pakistan for killing Baloch civilians and for suppressing Baloch and Sindhi languages and cultures too. Others mentioned Pakistan’s failure to try the Mumbai terror suspects and urged Mr Sharif to start the trial as soon as possible. “The attack was so severe and was delivered with so much ferocity that it surprised the prime minister and he often had to be helped by his aides,” said a witness.

What Mr Lorsch, a Los Angeles entrepreneur and philanthropist, said in his interview to Fox News confirmed these eyewitness accounts. Mr Lorsch attended “a carefully stage-managed” private meeting between Mr Sharif and senior US lawmakers in Washington last week and participated in this supposedly “friendly exchange of views” between the prime minister and US lawmakers. Mr Lorsch and the lawmakers had brought so much pressure on Mr Sharif that he pledged a legal review of the Shakil Afridi case, Fox News reported. “My message to them was: ‘What they do with Dr Afridi is how Pakistan will be judged as a democracy by the rest of the world’,” Mr Lorsch said. The tight-knit gathering, which included Pakistan’s national security adviser Sartaj Aziz and Finance Minister Ishaq Dar, had not been previously announced to the somewhat surprised Pakistani delegation, the report said. The meeting lasted around 25 minutes in a side-room immediately prior to dinner hosted by the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, it said. “This was first time that the leadership in Pakistan realized the importance of Dr Afridi not as a political bargaining tool but as a symbol of how freedom-loving American people regard Pakistan,” Mr Lorsch said.

www.PakistanLink.com

Nawaz Seeks Support to Legislate New Anti-terrorism Ordinance Islamabad: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif Saturday wrote a letter to the heads of all political parties to seek their support for the passage of the “Protection of Pakistan Ordinance 2013” in the Parliament. Sharif ’s government has promulgated two ordinances in as many weeks to further tighten the noose around terrorists. In the new ordinance, the minimum punishment for terrorists involved in various crimes has been set at 10-year imprisonment. The ordinance is aimed at strengthening the hands of law enforcement agencies against terrorists and ensuring speedy disposal of cases by the courts. A lawyer, however, challenged the newly-promulgated ordinance in the Islamabad High Court (IHC) on Thursday, saying some of its clauses are against the fundamental rights of the citizens as enshrined in the constitution. The main opposition Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) had also rejected the new ordinance a day earlier on Wednesday terming it “an assault on the fundamental rights” of citizens. In his letter the prime minister said the proposed legislation was meant to give a strong message to the organized crime and anti-state elements regarding the will and determination of the state and the people to face and eliminate all challenges to the national integrity and sovereignty. “I am sure that you will spare some time to give it a reading and support the government in its pas-

sage through the Parliament in due course with the same spirit and determination that you exhibited during recent All Parties Conference.” The prime minister observed the decades of dictatorial regime and mis-governance had resulted into complete erosion of the state’s writ and authority. “Apart from the remote areas, safe havens in urban centers and towns have also become a cause of serious concern,” he added. “Coupled with the failure of law enforcement agencies responsible for internal security and prosecution of crime, due to a variety of reasons, we are currently facing a situation where life and property of the people is in grave danger,” he said. On the other hand, the mafia was roaming free due to the legal vacuum created by constant tampering with different legislations. Consequently, the socio-economic fabric of the society as well as the age old value system binding this nation was in danger of disintegration. In view of the unfolding events in post-2014 Afghanistan the federal government considered it imperative to put in place a legal mechanism for intervention to protect the rights and liberty of the common man as well as the sovereignty and integrity of the state. Sharif informed a team of legal and security experts had worked diligently to ensure that the new law was in complete conformity with the Constitution of Pakistan.

Courts to Decide Afridi’s Fate, Pakistan Tells US

Islamabad: Pakistan has told the US that Shakil Afridi, the doctor who helped the CIA track down former Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden, was no hero and that his fate would be decided by the courts, DawnNews reported. Pakistan’s Foreign Secretary Jalil Abbas Jilani was giving a briefing after a meeting between a US House Committee on Foreign Affairs and a delegation led by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. Jilani said a high-level delegation from Pakistan would visit the United States on Nov 12. The meeting which was attended by Pakistan’s Federal Finance Minister Senator Ishaq Dar, Foreign Secretary Jilani and Prime Minister’s Adviser on Foreign Affairs and National Security Sartaj Aziz discussed matters relating to the war against terrorism, militant outfits like the Lashkar-i-Taiba (LT), civil nuclear program, drone strikes, energy crisis, educational reforms, regional stability and trade. During the meeting, the foreign secretary said that the US was told that the LT had already been banned in Pakistan and that action could be taken against Hafiz Saeed if substantial evidence was made available. Regarding the demand to release Dr Shakil Afridi, Jilani said the US was told that Afridi was no hero and was facing criminal cases, adding that the courts would decide his fate. Earlier, the BBC Urdu website had reported that United States Representative Edward Royce, a Californian Republican and Chairman of the House

Foreign Affairs Committee had urged Afridi’s release during the meeting. The meeting was also attended by representatives of both the parties in the House and 15 other members. Afridi was convicted and sentenced to 33 years last year in May for involvement in anti-state activities by a tribal court. A judicial official overturned the 33-year jail sentence in August this year but Afridi remains in detention. He is accused of colluding with banned militant outfit Lashkar-i-Islam and its chief Mangal Bagh.

Iran likely to Drop Pakistan Gas Pipeline Project Dubai/Karachi: Iran will probably give up on a multi-billion-dollar pipeline project to supply gas to Pakistan, Iran’s oil minister was quoted as saying by the semi-official Fars news agency on Wednesday. “The contract for supplying gas to Pakistan is likely to be annulled,” Iranian Oil Minister Bijan Namdar Zanganeh told reporters on the sidelines of a gas forum in Tehran on Wednesday. Zanganeh did not state any further details in this regard. Iran has almost completed the pipeline to the Pakistan border, but Pakistan has made little progress on laying its leg of the long-planned pipeline, largely due to a lack of funds for the costly project and US pressure to drop it.


PAKISTAN

P12 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 1, 2013

Safety of Pakistan’s Nuclear Assets Has Improved: US

Although the US officials have supported Pakistan’s position in the past as well, mentioning it in a White House document further strengthens Islamabad’s case

Washington, DC: In a document issued after Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif ’s visit to the United States, the White House has acknowledged improvement in a key area of US concern: the safety and security of Pakistan’s nuclear assets. “Pakistan is engaged with the international community on nuclear safety and security issues and is working to ensure its strategic export controls are in line with international standards,” says the document. “Pakistan is a state party to both the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Biological Weapons Convention and is a partner in the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism,” the White House notes. “Pakistan is an active participant in the Nuclear Security Summit process and works closely with

the International Atomic Energy Agency’s Office of Nuclear Security to promote best security practices,” it adds. “Through our joint security, strategic stability, and non-proliferation dialogue, we have shared views on non-proliferation challenges, as well as on the multilateral regimes on chemical and biological weapons, export controls, and the importance of regional stability and security,” the White House says. The safety of Pakistan’s nuclear weapons has been a major issue in the United States ever since the country tested its devices in 1998. US lawmakers, media and think-tanks often claim that Pakistan’s nuclear weapons are not safe and can fall into the hands of militants if the security situation there continues to deteriorate.

During a visit to Washington earlier this month, Finance Minister Ishaq Dar raised this issue at various forums, assuring Americans that the weapons were “in safe hands and there’s absolutely no possibility of militants having access to them”. Although the US officials have supported Pakistan’s position in the past as well, mentioning it in a White House document further strengthens Islamabad’s case. The White House document also acknowledges that Pakistan has “taken positive steps” over the past year to increase its controls and interdiction of the illicit supply of the materials used to produce improvised explosive devices (IEDs). During the last two years, when relations between the two coun-

tries deteriorated rapidly, the Americans regularly complained that Pakistan was allowing militants to smuggle IED-making material into Afghanistan, which was then used to kill US soldiers deployed there. Since the IEDs killed scores of US soldiers, the issue became a major irritant in bilateral relations. US lawmakers would often urge the administration to stop aid to Pakistan over this issue. The US acknowledgement that Pakistan had taken “positive steps” for removing this threat also removes this major hurdle in the restoration of a key partnership in the war against terror. The White House document underlines the significance of US-Pakistan defense and counterterrorism cooperation as well, noting that the two countries were working jointly to “bring about the defeat of core Al Qaeda and the extremist groups” that threaten the security of both nations and the region. With US help, Pakistan has significantly increased the effectiveness of its operations against militant groups, the document says. Since 2009, the United States has trained nearly 730 members of the Pakistan Army, air force, and navy. The United States and Pakistan also conduct military staff exchanges and joint training exercises each year to enhance coordination and interoperability between militaries.

Imran Khan Demands Enquiry against Media Group Islamabad: Pakistan Tehreek-e-

Insaf Chairman Imran Khan has called for an inquiry into the revelations about a leading Pakistani media group made by Hindustan Times in its internal inquiry into a source-less article published in the September 29, 2013, edition of the paper. “This is a very serious matter. It’s a serious allegation. It should be fully investigated and facts should be exposed. I believe it’s wrong for any Pakistani television channel to make propaganda under the influence of any foreign agency. An inquiry should be held into the matter,” Imran told Mubashar Lucman in his program on ARY News on Sunday. The PTI chief also said that a man working for a private TV channel was given the charge of Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB). He made rules of his choice and awarded the broadcasting contract of cricket matches to the same media outlet, and that too for a period of six months. “It is interesting that while the

broadcasting rights in India are awarded for one, two and five years, but the said channel was given the rights for six months,” he added. This means now the government would keep the media outlet under pressure and would award the rights for the next six months only if it ‘performed’ well in six months. He also demanded an inquiry to find out why Pakistan Television was not even allowed to take part in the bidding process. REVELATIONS: Startling rev-

elations on the activities of a leading Pakistani media group have emerged with disclosures made by Mr. Mubashar Lucman in his program on ARY News on Friday, October 25. The program host gave details to the background of an article that appeared in a leading Indian daily “Hindustan Times”, both in its print and web editions on the 29th of September 2013. This smear campaign was read by millions of viewers in its print and web editions. The article focused on an upcoming TV channel to be launched in Pakistan and alleged that this venture was being backed by Pakistan’s premier intelligence together with members of the underworld. Following the appearance of the article, a legal notice was sent to Hindustan Times which resulted in an internal investigation by the management, the removal of the offending article from the website along with a clarification and inconvenience caused was regretted.

www.PakistanLink.com

Strikes on Pakistan Can Create Nuclear Holocaust: Feroz Khan Islamabad: Pakistani soldierturned-academic Feroz Khan’s book Eating Grass is an insider account tracing the history of Pakistan’s nuclear program — and its survival despite hurdles. Khan, who was involved in formulating Pakistan’s nuclear arms control policy, spoke with Sameer Arshad about how Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal grew, implications of its nuclear race with India — and how restraints are possible: What explains Pakistan’s nuclear program’s success despite sanctions and global opposition? Sanctions and global proliferation regimes were the engines that drove the resolve for the program — the lighter the punitive response from the international community towards Indian proliferation, the more Pakistanis were determined to meet the non-proliferation challenge. The Indian military’s continued pressure on Pakistan also helped. How did this program create the parity with India that Zulfikar Ali Bhutto had envisaged? Bhutto is undoubtedly the Pakistani nuclear bomb’s father . Even before the 1965 war, he envisioned the only way to offset the strategic imbalance was through nukes. Neither Bhutto, nor the current leadership seek parity with India — Pakistan seeks to balance Indian military might, which was instrumental in dismantling a unified Pakistan. What has been the extent of the grey market’s involvement and Chinese assistance towards Pakistan’s program? The program’s success was predominantly that of indigenous scientists. It did tap into the grey market, which was opened for nuclear business, and was A Q Khan’s genius — this proves if a state is determined, nothing is impossible. The extent of Chinese assistance is grossly overestimated in the Western and Indian press, and usually absent in the Pakistani account. It was primarily leveraged to overcome technical barriers, similar to the French assisting Israelis. How real are Pakistan’s anxieties over pre-emptive strikes, including those involving India? In the early 1980s, India’s preventive strikes, as contemplated during Brasstacks, were feasible. Today, Pakistani arsenals have not only expanded but there is a robust security regime. It would be very counterproductive for any country to contemplate strikes — any such notion would result in a nuclear holocaust. How seriously are pressing internal threats regarded? There is no doubt about internal threats. Nuclear weapons are the most effectively guarded. Because of these threats, the Pakistani National Command Authority ensures nuclear security is one of the highest priorities. How do you assess estimates of Pakistan having the fastest growing nuclear arsenal today? ‘Fastest growing’ is a subjective term with propagandist overtones. There is no clear barometer to measure what is slow or fast, especially considering the grey area between civil and military nuclear programs. After the India-US nuclear deal, which frees resources for a military weapons program, it’s hard to determine which country has the fastest

nuclear weapons capacity. There’s no doubt Pakistani nuclear arsenals are growing with both HEU and plutonium production because of the introduction of battlefield nuclear weapons, cruise missiles and a seabased deterrent. Pakistan will likely face economic restraints, uranium resource problems and re-evaluation of its nuclear diplomacy for other reasons, including its need to balance civil and military programs. How pragmatic is Nawaz Sharif ’s call for ending the nuclear race? It is very important to resume serious dialogue. Rather than focusing on strategic competition, a cooperative security framework is essential. India and Pakistan must create constituencies for peace where the security paradigm is replaced with trade liberalization and peopleto-people contact. To achieve this, conventional and nuclear restraint — including an agreement on nonuse of force and non-deployment of nuclear weapons — is the best way. India and Pakistan should re-enact the spirit of the 1999 Lahore Declaration, as Sharif alluded to in his UN speech

Tripartite Negotiations on Afghanistan in London London: Prime Minister Nawaz

Sharif on Monday left on a three-day official visit to London where he will attend a trilateral meeting with UK Prime Minister David Cameron and Afghanistan president Hamid Karzai on the sidelines of the World Economic Forum, DawnNews reported. Prime Minister Sharif will participate in tripartite negotiations to be held among Pakistan, Britain and Afghanistan at the summit hosted by Cameron. Afghanistan will demand an explanation from Pakistan on the whereabouts of former Taliban second-in-command Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar when the leaders of both countries meet at the summit to discuss how to end years of insurgency, Reuters had earlier quoted an Afghan official as saying. The whereabouts of Baradar have been the source of intense speculation since Pakistan announced his release on Sept 20. Pakistani sources say he is still kept in a safe house and is closely watched by his Pakistani handlers. Afghanistan believes Mullah Baradar, who was once a close

MEETING, P33


PAKISTAN

NOVEMBER 1, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P13

UN Blamed for Lingering Kashmir Issue

According to another story thousands of Kashmiri people observed “black day” in Pakistani Kashmir on Sunday, rallying at an event organized to protest Indian “brutalities” and occupation of the Himalayan region. A crowd of around 3,000 people shouted “AlJihad”, “Allahu Akbar” (God is great) and “We want Freedom” as they gathered in Muzaffarabad, the capital of Pakistani Kashmir, said an AFP reporter at the scene. “Diplomacy, talks and negotiations spanned Thousands of Kashmiris observed Black Day on Sunday, rallying at events organized to over several decades have not worked,” said Syed protest Indian brutalities and occupation of the Himalayan region Salahuddin, chairman of “If UN can divide on India to stop human the UJC. Muzaffarabad: The Fed“The only way to eral Minister for Kashmir Sudan into two and create rights violations in Kashliberate Kashmir is jihad Affairs and Gilgit-Baltis- East Timor by breaking mir. tan Barjees Tahir has ac- Indonesia, then why this The federal minis- and armed struggle becused the United Nations organization hesitates to ter said Prime Minister cause India does not un(UN) of adopting delay- settle the Kashmir dis- Nawaz Sharif and his gov- derstand the language of ing tactics in settling the pute?” the federal minis- ernment will continue to dialogue,” said SalahudKashmir dispute — which ter asked. extend their support to din, who also leads Hizis a potential threat to Tahir said the delay the people of Jammu and bul Mujahedin, a militant the peace and stability in in resolving the Kash- Kashmir for their right of group fighting Indian rule South Asia. in Kashmir. mir dispute may put the self-determination. Prime Minister of The protestors waved The federal minister regional peace at stake. was addressing a public Besides UN the United Azad Jammu and Kash- black flags and shouted: gathering in connection States would also be re- mir Chaudhry Abdul Ma- “Our struggle will continwith Kashmir’s Black sponsible for such a situ- jeed, opposition leader in ue till Kashmir is freed”, Day, which was observed ation, he added. Azad Kashmir Legislative and condemned Indian across Azad Jammu and He asked the world Assembly Raja Farooq brutalities, as SalahudKashmir to condemn the community to send their Haider and Ameer Jamat- din appealed to the govIndian army’s invasion teams in the occupied e-Islami Azad Kashmir ernment and people of and occupation of the Jammu and Kashmir to Abdur Rashid Turabi also Pakistan to fully support territory on October 27, investigate the unmarked addressed the Black Day Kashmiri independence. 1947. graves and put pressure rally.

MQM Challenges PPP-backed Sindh Local Government Law in Supreme Court Karachi: The Muttahida Qaumi

Movement (MQM) on Monday challenged the Sindh Local Government Act (SLGA) 2013 in the Supreme Court of Pakistan. The party filed a petition in the apex court’s Karachi registry through its leaders Dr Farooq Sattar and Advocate Farogh Nasim. Naming chief secretary, speaker and secretary of Sindh Assembly, secretary law, secretary local government department as respondents, the petition said the newly legislated law contradicts Article 104-A of the Constitution. The issue of local government system in the province has widened a rift between Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) and MQM – the former coalition partners in Sindh and at the center. The SLGA-2013 was passed into law by the Sindh Assembly on August 19 amid fierce opposition by the MQM. The ruling PPP had initially supported the MQM-backed Sindh People’s Local Government Act (SPLGA); however, the party later nullified it saying ‘it was against the aspirations of the people of the province.’ Referring to the SPLGA, the MQM says that the party was not content with the local government law introduced during Gen Pervez Musharraf ’s rule and it wanted it to be made more progressive and inclusive. It also declares the current SLGA as a facsimile of the SLGO

The MQM filed a petition in the apex court’s Karachi Registry through its leaders Dr Farooq Sattar and Advocate Farogh Nasim

of 1979, which had been introduced by Gen Ziaul Haq. The party is of the opinion that the law might sharpen the urban-rural divide in Sindh. The PPP, however, enjoys support of Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz, PML-F and Sindhi nationalists over the issue. The petition filed at the SC’s Karachi registry on Monday said that unless political, administrative, and financial powers are delegated to the lower level, the local government system would be nothing but a sheer autocracy. The MQM spelled out the departments that are mandatory to be devolved to the local government. They include municipal services, land, law and order, transport, trade and commerce,

health, education, administration and service, financial matters, provincial financial committees, taxation, and department-wise allocation of budget. It said the SLGA was void as it did not provide for devolution and decentralization of essential departments as suggested in Article 140-A of the Constitution. The party asked the court to declare SLGA-2013 as unconstitutional and direct the respondents to legislate and pass local government law in accordance with the country’s constitution. MQM leader Dr Farooq Sattar ruled out the notion that the party wanted to delay the upcoming local government elections in the province scheduled for November 27.

www.PakistanLink.com

Waar Wins Enthusiastic Acclaim

Presented almost entirely in English, Waar took more than three years to make and officially cost around $2.2 million in a country where the average film is made for less than $25,000

Lahore: Militants overrun a Pakistani police academy and kill 100 officers. An Indian spy and her accomplice waltz in a glitzy flat in Islamabad to celebrate the success of their mission. This is a scene from Waar, Pakistan’s first big-budget movie which opened this month to enthusiastic audiences in the nuclear-armed South Asian country of 180 million. Filmed with the support of the allpowerful military, the movie depicts every volatile aspect of Pakistan’s rocky relationship with its nuclear arch-rival India. The narrative is simple and packed with action. Indian villains team up with Islamist militants to plot spectacular attacks across Pakistan. Pakistani security forces jump in and save the day. “Like any other action film, we wanted to show the triumph of good over evil,” said director Bilal Lashari, 31. “And we wanted to do it with a great amount of spectacle and scale.” Politics aside, Waar is fun to watch. Helicopter gunships whizz over mountains and commandos lay siege to militant sanctuaries in Pakistan’s picturesque, lawless tribal regions. “The army was great in that they gave us a lot of logistical support,” Lashari said. “All the scenes with the helicopters and the mountains - they couldn’t have been done without the army.” Though yet to be screened in India, the film serves as a reminder of tensions between the neighboring states, which have fought three wars since independence from the British in 1947. India and Pakistan trade accusations of staging cross-border attacks

and supporting militants in the disputed region of Kashmir, where violence has seen a resurgence in recent months. The movie has proved hugely successful. On a recent viewing in a packed cinema in the capital, attendees leapt to their feet to applaud patriotic scenes. In one such moment, a retired officer takes on an Indian contractor on the roof of a building while a female Pakistani officer rushes to defuse a chemical bomb planted on the balcony. Many cheered as the officer reduced the Indian man’s face to a pulp. A woman turned to a group of giggling boys and scolded them for “laughing during such a serious movie”. “Of course India supports terrorism in Pakistan,” said Sheila Raza, 23, as she left the cinema. “I think Waar is an accurate portrayal.” RECORD BOX OFFICE RECEIPTS: Presented almost entirely in English, Waar took more than three years to make and officially cost around $2.2 million in a country where the average film is made on less than $25,000. Its distributors say Waar grossed more than $900,000 during the first week - a record for Pakistani cinema. But some in Pakistan have mocked Waar as a propaganda movie. Cultural critic Nadeem Paracha said: “This film is basically the Pakistani state’s fantasies being played out on a big screen.” India’s film industry produces highly successful anti-Pakistan films of its own. Bollywood film “Ek Tha Tiger”, one of the Hindi film industry’s biggest box-office successes in 2012, but banned in Pakistan, depicted a Pakistani intelligence agent choosing her love for an Indian agent over her country.

Islamabad: Pakistan says it fully agrees with the government of Saudi Arabia’s decision not to join the UN Security Council after being elected to its non-permanent seat for the term 2014-2015. Saudi Arabia, which was elected unopposed, had rejected a Security Council seat saying the 15-member body is incapable of resolving world conflicts such as the Syrian civil war. Riyadh says it is angered over the fact that the Syrian government killed and burnt its own people with chemical weapons in front of the entire world, without any deterrent or punishment, which was clear proof and evidence of the UN Security Council’s inability to perform its duties and shoulder its re-

sponsibilities. It also criticized the UN Security Council inability to resolve the Palestinian-Israeli conflict over the past six decades and failing to transform the Middle East into a zone free of weapons of mass destruction. “Pakistan agrees with the Saudi Government that there should be forward movement and progress on all issues including Syria, Palestine and other long standing issues like Kashmir. Pakistan enjoys close brotherly and friendly relations with Saudi Arabia and fully understands the imperatives and compulsions which led to their decision not to join the Security Council,” a spokesman at the Foreign Office said in a statement.

Pakistan Supports Saudi Stand on UN Security Council Seat


ADVERTISEMENT

P14 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 1, 2013

www.PakistanLink.com


PAKISTAN

NOVEMBER 1, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P15

Will Sheikh Rasheed Become the New Opposition Leader in the National Assembly?

Islamabad: There are indications

that the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) is inclined to change it stance towards the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) in a bid to oust Khursheed Shah as leader of the opposition in the National Assembly PTI does not want Khursheed Shah of Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) to continue as leader of the opposition in the National Assembly but is in no position to bring any change on its own. Imran Khan has charged that Shah has failed to deliver as leader of the opposition. The PTI chief also blamed the PPP of making an agreement with the ruling Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), and not giving it a tough time. The key for change in this respect lies with the MQM which holds 24 seats in the lower house. “Alliance with MQM would be like compromising on our stance,” a PTI official told The Express Tribune. Although the party leaders have decided in a meeting to nominate someone from within, it is still in a fix as nothing can be done without the support of the MQM. On Saturday, the PTI core committee held a session to weigh its options and decided that the party would not nominate Awami Muslim League (AML) chief Sheikh Rashid Ahmed for the slot of opposition leader in NA. Sheikh Rashid had earlier held a meeting with the PTI chief seeking his party’s support to replace Shah;

however, Imran had remained noncommittal, sources revealed. When contacted, Sheik Rasheed told The Express Tribune about extending his support to Imran if he competes for the slot. However, sources privy to the matter informed that PTI chief will not stand in the race for new opposition leader. Responding to a question about his own chances of winning support from other parties in the opposition, Sheikh Rashid said, “I have got the indication that MQM will support me.” MQM, on the other hand, has not taken any decision in this regard. “The MQM will decide when the question of new leader of the op-

position would arise in NA,” Haider Abbas Rizvi of the MQM said while talking to The Express Tribune. During the core committee meeting, PTI decided to launch a protest campaign against the price hike that would start from November 1 in Punjab. The government’s decision of raising electricity and gas prices and similar measures have resulted in unprecedented inflation and price hike, the party noted. The party also decided that every single elected member of the PTI will disclose his financial assets and in this regard the tax returns of MPAs and MNAs would be uploaded on the party website within a month.

Pakistan Becomes Second Largest Food Donor

Islamabad: Pakistan has donated 150,000 metric tons of wheat to the World Food Program (WFP) in 2013 as the country emerged as the second largest donor for the United Nations body. “This year’s donation, valued at Rs5.5 billion (US$52 million) has placed Pakistan as WFP’s second largest donor in 2013 which demonstrated the government’s continued ownership of development process and a strong commitment to helping its people in need,” WFP spokesman Amjad Jamal said on Thursday. According to WFP, Pakistan aims to assist 8.3 million people between 2013 and 2015. Jamal said more than 70,000 metric tons of wheat was successfully delivered to both displaced and flood-affected communities in 2012,

following a highly positive response from other donors to WFP’s appeal for complementary “twinning” funds.

www.PakistanLink.com

As New NAB Chief Takes Charge, Court Reopens Cases against Zardari Islamabad:

The new chairman of the National Accountability Bureau (NAB), retired Major Qamar Zaman Chaudhry, assumed charge of his office on Friday, and coincidentally, an accountability court reopened six cases against former president Asif Zardari. The cases had remained dormant because of immunity enjoyed by Mr Zardari during his presidential tenure. With the appointment of Mr Chaudhry, some politicians have said, cases against top leaders of the PML-N and the PPP will remain dormant because they will not be pursued by NAB. Former presidential spokesman Farhatullah Babar claimed there was no case pending against Mr Zardari because he had been acquitted in all cases. But if the NAB reopened any case against him, the PPP would face it, he added. The new chairman will also have to decide about pending references, including Rs22 billion Rental Power Projects scam and Rs82 billion Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority scandal. The references are against former prime ministers Yousuf Raza Gilani and Raja Pervez Ashraf. Sources in the NAB said the Bureau, which is an investigation and

prosecution agency, had made preparations to pursue the cases. “NAB Chairman Qamar Zaman Chaudhry has made it clear that he will not tolerate any leniency in pursuance of cases against Mr Zardari,” an official of the bureau told Dawn. He said the NAB chief directed officials concerned in a recent meeting to honestly fight the cases. On Oct 11, the Accountability Court of Islamabad issued notices to NAB Prosecutor General K.K. Agha and Mr Zardari to attend the hearing of the cases on Tuesday. Mr Zardari’s five-year-term as president ended on Sept 8. The cases against Mr Zardari were closed five years ago after the promulgation of the National Reconciliation Ordinance by then president retired General Pervez Musharraf. Later the NAB could not reopen the cases because Mr Zardari became president and started enjoying immunity. The new chairman of the NAB has already vowed to reopen pending cases, including those against Mr Zardari, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif. Now all eyes are on him to see when he reopens cases against the Sharif brothers.


ADVERTISEMENT

P16 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 1, 2013

www.PakistanLink.com


ADVERTISEMENT

NOVEMBER 1, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P17

www.PakistanLink.com


ADVERTISEMENT

P18 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 1, 2013

www.PakistanLink.com


COMMUNITY

NOVEMBER 1, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P19

Community Link Friday, November 1, 2013

VOL. 23/44 PAGE 28

Husain Haqqani’s Book “Magnificent Delusions”

egum PAGE 29

27 Dhul-hijjah1434 H

PAGE 17 34 PAGE

Why Businesses Have Engaged Employees

A Cross-Cultural Romance Worth Watching

For news, updated round the clock, visit

www.PakistanLink.com

Spectacular Pakistan Independence Day Celebrations in Los Angeles

CELEBRATIONS FROM P1

community organizations of Southern California. The participants and attendees of this event not only in-

cluded members of the Pakistani American community but also the local mainstream American community.

This event was a dream come true for the members of the organizing group as they had been planning for several years to hold the Pakistan

www.PakistanLink.com

Independence Day at such an elegant venue. This was the first time that the Pakistan Independence Day Parade and Festival were held at such a venue,

right in the heart of Downtown Los Angeles, across LA LIVE, Staple Center and Nokia Theater, the well-known landmarks of Southern California.


COMMUNITY

P20 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 1, 2013

This was made possible by the dedication and the untiring efforts of the Chairman of PACC, Waqar Ali Khan, and the Co-Chairman of PACC, Arif Mansuri and the rest of PACC Board of Directors. It would not be wrong to say that the Independence Day Parade and colorful Celebrations at the elegant venue were the brainchild of Waqar Ali Khan The same group that organized the Parade and Festival this year (for the first time in Downtown Los Ange-

les), was also responsible for the first ever Pakistan Independence Day Parade on the West Coast of the United States last year. As in 2012, the Parade was a tremendous hit with the entire community. This year’s Parade included several colorful floats, each with a particular theme that demonstrated Pakistan’s rich cultural heritage, vintage and classic cars, marching bands from various school districts that included almost six hundred students from the local schools and ethnic

communities, horse carriages, equestrian groups, stilt walkers and clowns and much more. Participants in the Parade included the Grand Marshals Dr Shoaib and Mrs Zohra Patail; Consul General of Pakistan, Mr. Tasawar Khan; Consul of Pakistan, Dr. Mohammad Khalid Ejaz, many prominent community members and members of several Pakistani organizations, members of Los Angeles Police Dept. (LAPD and Los Angeles Sheriff Department (LASD). The Parade that

www.PakistanLink.com

started from the 8th Street, marched down Hope Street and ended at the Festival location. Soon after the parade, everyone joined at the festival ground and continued celebration till late hours of the night with a jam-packed audience. The Festival began with Tilawat-e-Qur’an by well-known Qari, Mr. Tariq Fatani. The young emcees, Hamza Basit and Omar Rehman, then invited young children and several ladies to sing national songs of Pakistan

along with Arshad Ali and Shazia, the famous local duo from Los Angeles. This followed an official kick off ceremony of the festival with a grand opening ceremony. Emcee, Fatima Khan, program director of Safeer e Pakistan, famous TV program on GEO Television and the Event Coordinator of this year’s Pakistan Day, invited board members of PACC, along with the Consul General of Pakistan, Mr. Tasawar Khan and his wife Iffat Khan, Deputy Chief of LAPD, Mr. Mi-


COMMUNITY

cheal Downing and members of Los Angeles Police Department and Grand Marshals, Dr Shoaib and Zohra Patail, and all sponsors on the stage. Presentation of Colors was performed by members of LAPD, followed by Pledge of Allegiance and National Anthem of Pakistan. Consul General, Mr Tasawar Khan, Deputy Chief of LAPD, Michael Downing, Sheriff of LAPD Mr Lee Baca, Mr. Waqar Ali Khan, Mr. Arif Mansuri, Dr Shoiab Patail and many others spoke on the occasion. Mr Ta-

NOVEMBER 1, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P21

sawar Khan applauded the organizers and the community, and stressed that the community must stay united and continue to be a vital part of the American society. Sheriff Le Roy De Baca and LAPD Chief Michael Downing also addressed the gathering and unreservedly acknowledged the contribution of the Pakistani community. They also assured its members and offered them the full support and guidance of the law enforcement agencies. Speaking at the occasion, Mr.

Waqar Ali Khan, famous host of the popular TV Program Safeer-e-Pakistan on GEO TV and the Chairman of PACC, said, “We are delighted with the success of this year’s Parade and Festival. Our message to Americans is that Pakistanis are a peaceful and progressive community, and are contributing to the growth and development of the United States in all fields and walks of life.” He also thanked the sponsors and especially the Consul General of Pakistan, Mr Tasawar Khan, and the Con-

www.PakistanLink.com

sul of Pakistan, Dr Mohammad Khalid Ejaz for their unconditional support and guidance in organizing this event. Arif Mansuri, the President of Pakistan Link/Urdu Link and the CoChairman of PACC, thanked the community for its support and for making the event a tremendous success. He further stated that the PakistaniAmericans contribute significantly to the economy of the United States and Pakistan. He said that if more business avenues and opportunities are created,

their increased investments can play an important role in the economic welfare of Pakistan and the US. After the official kickoff ceremony, the festival entertainment part began which featured Pakistan’s famous TV anchor Sahir Lodhi who flew in for only one day just to attend the event and gave one of the best performances of his life. Other entertainers included legend and icon of Pakistani pop music, Mr Alamgir who despite his poor health, gave a memorable


COMMUNITY

P22 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 1, 2013 performance. Adeel Burki and young Afzal Haider from New York also gave a scintillating performance in front of the largest LA audience and won the hearts of the crowd with many famous bhangra numbers of Abrar Ul Haque and Jawad Ahmed. A famous dhol player Mohammed Bhuta from New York especially flew in at the invitation of Safeer-e-Pakistan to entertain the teeming crowd. The charged attendees - young and old - danced jubilantly throughout the evening on his dhol beat, almost non-stop for twoand-a-half hours. Over 80 booths of all types of vendors displayed their products and services. Almost all the major restaurants of the area had set up their stalls at the Festival and were extremely pleased with the turnout of the community. Most of the restaurants ran out of the food before the event was over. Most of the vendors reported that they had not seen such a large crowd at any other Pakistani event before. The owner of a famous Pakistani restaurant located in Lakewood called this a “golden event” and reported that his sale on the memorable day broke all previous records. Attendees from many parts of California and neighboring States came with their friends and family members and enjoyed the event that went past midnight. The crowd consistently poured in till the late hours of the night and had no desire to leave even after the concert was over. Everyone claimed that this was one of the most organized and fun-filled event that they had ever witnessed and the venue was truly awesome. The perfect backdrop and ambiance presented a true sense of a festival under the stars. Families with old and young relatives enjoyed the good food,

good music, shopping and kids playing happily in the kids’ booth areas till late night. Thousands of attendees left with words of praise and compliments and eagerness to return back next year. The Pakistan Day Parade and Festival magazine with congratulatory messages from Mayor of Los Angeles, Eric Garcetti, Congresswoman Judy Chu, Consul General of Pakistan, Tasawr Khan and many other dignitaries, prominent community members and businesses was distributed at the event to thousands of attendees. This magazine was put together by Arif Mansuri and the team of Pakistan Link/Urdu Link and printed by iColor Printing. It is noteworthy to mention here that this event was put together by the anizers in less than five weeks. This was a true accomplishment for the organizers to put such a mega scale event in a span of few weeks. Hard work, dedication, true patriotism, genuine spirit and love for Pakistan was a real specatacle that everyone witnessed on the eve of September 14th in Downtown Los Angles. It was estimated that anywhere from 15,000 to 20,000 people attended the Parade and Festival. A large number of Pakistanis, as well as other ethnic communities, attended this event from far away areas of Los Angles and the West Coast. The event was largely supported by contributions from individuals, small businesses and Pakistani-run corporations with their generous donations. Major contributors included: Dr. Sohail Masood of Kaba Fusion, Dr. Sana Khan of AIM Radiology, Dr. Mateen Ahmed, Mr. Ashraf Habibullah of CSI Inc., Berkley, Hab Bank, United Central Bank, Dr. Naseem Malik, Mr. Zubair Rao of Advanced Micro Sys-

tem, Mr. Farooq Ghias of D e n n y ’s Franchise, Najeeb Ghauri of Netsol, Grand M a r shals Dr. Shoiab Patail and Mrs. Zohra Patail and Consulate General of Pakistan. Other contributors included Dr. Razaq Chaudhry, Dr. Badruddin Kurwa, Omar Haroon, Mr. Abubakar Vakil, Dr. Arif Rizvi, Mr. Shokat Chohan, Anis Bakali, Mr. Ashraf Jakvani, Mr. Saleem Hai, Mr. Idris Malik, Mrs. Samina Shafiq, Dr. Yasmin and Mr. Firoze Qasim, Dr. Tahira Shah, Mohammed Kalam, Shakil Ahmed, COPPA, MONA, MGYW, Islamic Relief, Zanbeel Art and Pakistan Art Council for providing art activities for kids, Wasim Qaisar of Travel plus for all travel arrangement for the artists, Mr. Adil Khan of I color for printing services, Samson Productions for videography service, Digital Impression studio for photography service, Pakistani Student Association of Cal State Fullerton, and members of Agha Khan Foundation for volunteering their time. In addition, special recognition goes to Safeer e Paksitan, Pakistan Link/Urdu Link and Urdu Times for promoting the entire event at no charge and for the generous coverage in their respective media. Geo Televi-

Tickets Information: invites you to a

VIP Experience $300* Preferred Seats $150* General

Date: November 2, 2013 3.00 P.M. Venue: BELASCO THEATER 1050 S. Hill Street Los Angeles CA 90015

$50

* These ticket are limited and will sell fast. Parking is free at Belasco lot for first 100 cars.

Buy Tickets at: https://ippa.ticketbud.com/ippa

Sponsorship: Interested in being a sponsor? Email Faz at faz@cox.net.

World famous designers:

Amir Adnan, Nomi Ansari, FNK Asia, Body Focus, HSY and more www.PakistanLink.com

sion Network was the official media partner and will air the entire event as a special broadcast on Geo in the near future. Also members and Board of Directors of Pakistan American Chamber of Commerce deserve special recognition for contributing their time and effort day and night to make this event a great success. Special thanks and recognition goes to Mr. Waqar Ali Khan for bringing in a large amount of monetary donation, Mr. Arif Mansuri for bringing in booth sale and booking food stalls, overseeing all food permit matters and other donations, Mr. Ali Sajjad for coordinating all the meetings and arranging for permits and street closure with LAPD, Mr. Almas Ahmed for overseeing all the financial matters and collecting payments, Mrs. Fatima Khan for organizing the event and dealing with all event vendors, volunteers, parade participants and other matters, Ms. Saman Mahmood for taking care of Kids area, and Consul General Tasawar Khan and Consul Dr. Khalid Ejaz for their ongoing sup-

port and encouragement to continue on with the event and providing assistance whenever needed. PACC’s mission is to initiate and support programs that promote public awareness through education and celebration of Pakistan. The Festival also promoted business activity, advertising opportunities and promotion of small businesses. The Parade and Festival is an attempt by PACC not only to celebrate this day, but also to bring together communities, officials and law enforcement agencies, and to connect the Pakistani and American people. All agreed that this year’s Pakistan Independence Day celebrations broke all previous records as far as the attendance, quality of entertainment, selection of venue and size of the festival and parade go. It was truly a laudable undertaking manifestly demonstrating the organizers’ love for Pakistan and their keenness to provide merriment and bliss for the whole family.


COMMUNITY

NOVEMBER 1, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P23

www.PakistanLink.com


COMMUNITY

P24 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 1, 2013

www.PakistanLink.com


COMMUNITY

NOVEMBER 1, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P25

www.PakistanLink.com


COMMUNITY

P26 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 1, 2013 Washington, DC: A Pakistani elementary school teacher, whose mother was killed in a US drone strike last year, Tuesday urged the United States to end unmanned operations and help bring peace to the tribal areas through cooperative efforts with Pakistan. Rafiq-ur-Rehman made the plea in a joint Congressional briefing, where his children nine-yearold daughter Nabila Rehman, and 13-year-old Zubair Rehman, who were both injured by the drone strike, also recounted their emotional experiences. The family traveled to Washington on the invitation of Congressman Alan Grayson, a Democrat from Florida, to provide their accounts of the attack that killed Rafiq’s 67-year-old mother, Momina Bibi in North Waziristan, a year ago. Nobody has been able to explain why this drone hit his home, Rehman told the hearing, also attended by other members of Congress. His mother, Rehman said, was the binding force for the family and life has not been the same for the family since her death. He said in North Waziristan, people live under fear of drones. “Drones are not the answer” to the problems, he said, speaking through an interpreter. Justice must be deliv-

Pakistani Family Urges US to End Drone Strikes

Civil Rights Groups Demand California Prison End

MPAC to Release Declaration against

Discriminatory Hijab Practice

Extremism

Nabila Rehman (2nd R), 9, is escorted by unidentified legal representation to a news conference with her father Rafiq (4th R) and brother Zubair (3rd R) on Capitol Hill in Washington, October 29, 2013

ered to those who have suffered as a result of drone attacks, the school teacher said. The unprecedented briefing by

survivors of drone strikes took place amid international calls for greater transparency. Washington has defended its drone campaign, saying

Pakistani-American Richest South Asian in America n By Riaz Haq

W

the counterterrorism actions are the least harmful and effective against militants. If he has the opportunity to

meet President Obama, he will ask him to “find a peaceful end to the war in my country, and end these drones,” Rehman said at the briefing. He said he has seen people living peacefully in the United States and wanted a similar peaceful environment in North Waziristan and dreams that his children would be able to complete their education and help rebuild Pakistan. “We can achieve peace through education,” he said. A preview from the upcoming Brave New Films documentary Unmanned: America’s Drone Wars was shown at the briefing, moderated by Robert Greenwald, the documentary’s director. The lawmakers, attending the briefing, expressed their profound regrets over what had happened to the family and noted that the briefing highlighted the importance of transparency and conversation on the costs and benefits of the drone operations. Congressman Grayson, Representative Jan Schakowsky and Representative Jon Conyers also addressed the hearing. Human Rights Charity Reprieve Staff Attorney Jennifer Gibson called for bringing the drone war out of the shadows, stressing transparency.

CA

Tehachapi, CA: On October 22 the Los Angeles, CA: On Saturday, Nov.

ith a net worth of $3.8 billion, Shahid Khan tops the Forbes list of the richest Americans of South Asian origin. Overall, Khan ranks 122nd on Forbes 400 list for 2013, up from 179th in 2012.

Born in Pakistani city of Lahore, 63-year-old Shahid Khan is a mechanical engineer and a self-made billionaire who built his fortune as a top supplier of bumpers to the auto industry. Khan made history in 2011 by becoming the first non-white owner of a National Football League team when he bought Jacksonville Jaguars. Recently, he acquired an English soccer team Fullham for $300 million. There are four Indian-Americans on Forbes 400 this year: Syntel chairman and co-founder Bharat Desai and his family, Symphony Technology Group founder and chairman Romesh T. Wadhwani, Google investor Kavitrak Ram Shriram and venture capitalist Vinod Khosla, according to India West newspaper. Desai, 60, who lives in Fisher Island, Fla., is in 252nd place with a $2.2 billion net worth. He was in 239th place in 2012. Wadhwani, 66, has a net worth of $2.1 billion, good for 260th place on the Forbes list. The resident of Palo Alto, Calif., was listed 250th last year. Shriram, 56, a resident of Menlo Park, Calif., and a managing partner of Sherpalo Ventures, is in 325th place with assets of $1.75 billion. He dropped from the 298th spot in 2012. Khosla, whose Khosla Ventures continues to invest in green energy and other forward-looking technologies, is in 352nd place with a worth of $1.5 billion. The 58-year-old Sun Microsystems co-founder was 328th last year. He lives in Portola Valley, Calif. Here are some of the highlights of Pakistani-American data from US Census 2010 as gleaned from a report titled “A Community of Contrasts Asian Americans in the United States: 2011” published by Asian-American Center For Advancing Justice: 1. There are 409,163 Pakistani-Americans in 2010, the 7th largest Asian-American community in America. 2. Pakistani-American population doubled from 2000 (204,309) to 2010 (409,163), the second largest percentage increase after Bangladeshis’ 157% increase in the same period. 3. 6% of Pakistani-American population is mixed race. 4. 65% of Pakistanis in America are foreign-born. 57% of foreign-born Pakistani-American population is made up of naturalized citizens. 5. There are 120,000 Pakistani legal permanent residents of which 42% are eligible to naturalize. 6. There were 69,202 immigrant visas issued to Pakistanis from 2001 to 2010, the fifth highest among Asian nations.

Greater Los Angeles Area office of the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR-LA) and the American Civil Liberties Union of Southern California (ACLU SoCal) sent a letter to the California Correctional Institution (CCI) demanding that its officers allow Muslim women to wear their hijab, a religiously-mandated headscarf, during visits. Officers at the CCI in Tehachapi ordered a woman visiting her son to remove her hijab. They told her that if she refused their demand, they would forbid her from visiting her son. In late September, Najat Drissi, whose faith dictates that she wear a headscarf in public at all times, traveled to the state prison in Tehachapi to visit her son whom she had not seen for six months. Officers forced her to take off her hijab in front of 100 people, walk through a metal detector and submit to a security check. She was forced to spend the entire visit without her headscarf. Many Muslims follow a dress code for both genders that emphasizes modesty. Many Muslim women have a strong belief that the modesty required by their faith includes covering their hair, neck and chest. Ms. Drissi exposed her head and felt publicly humiliated. “Asking a Muslim woman to remove the hijab is akin to asking a nun to take off her habit,” said Jessica Price, staff attorney for the ACLU of SoCal. “CCI leadership must remedy this immediately and ensure that officers follow federal law and existing state policies.” According to the letter, the officers’ actions forcing Ms. Drissi to remove her headscarf violate a California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation policy, which states that Muslim headdress or Catholic habits are allowed during visitation. The letter also states that the forced removal of her headscarf violates

7. 28% of Pakistanis have limited English proficiency. 8. Average per capita income of Pakistani-Americans is $24,663.00 9. 15% of Pakistanis are classified as poor; only 1% of them are on public assistance. 10. 8% of Pakistanis are unemployed, a figure lower than the general population of Americans. 11. 55% of Pakistanis own their own homes. 12. 55% of Pakistanis have a bachelor’s degree or higher. 13. Median age of Pakistanis in America is only 29 years, lower than most of the Asian groups and the national median age of 36.8 years. Pakistani-American community is the second fastest growing community in the United States, according to 2010 US Census. It is also a very young community with the median age of just 29 years, compared to 32 years for IndianAmericans and 37 years for all Asian-Americans. 34% of Pakistani-Americans are under the age of 17 compared with 26% of Indian-Americans and 24% of all Asian-Americans. More of the Pakistanis in America are college educated than the general population of whites and various immigrant groups. The youthful energy and higher education levels of Pakistani-Americans are opening doors for them to rise and shine in America, in spite of the current economic difficulties in their adopted land of opportunities. GROUPS, P33

www.PakistanLink.com

2, the Muslim Public Affairs Council will release the “Declaration Against Extremism,” authored by MPAC’s cofounder and senior adviser Dr Maher Hathout, which defines the dangers of extremism and issues a clarion call for action. The Declaration will be released at the Islamic Center of Southern California’s conference on “Islamic Perspectives on Extremism and Moderation,” which will feature MPAC leaders Salam Al-Marayati and Haris Tarin as well as other prominent national leaders of the American Muslim community. The Declaration challenges Muslims to respond to all forms of extremism through engagement, positive articulations of theology and a willingness to stand up to and push back against those voices who use the garb of religious authority to further their own political and social agendas. The Declaration Against Extremism reads, in part: “Extremists are defining the public face of Islam, leaving the mainstream largely on the defensive, vehemently wanting to share the true message of Islam. The voices of extremism are very loud; their voices garner false but almost instantaneous authority because they are cloaked in religious garb and theological jargon. The dangerous power these voices have mislead people with false claims of religious superiority and authority.” Many Muslims around the world are constantly challenged by having to respond to the voices of extremists who in no way represent their understanding of faith and their relationships with people of other faiths. Many Muslims feel that their voices are not heard; even as they seek to platforms to help their fellow citizens better understand what their faith truly represents. The Declaration will serve as a launch pad for upcoming MPAC, P33


SPORTS SPORTS

ShanzaySubzwari is a young Pakistani painter, currently enrolled as a third year BFA student. She contributed fresh and vibrant, pop-art inspired paintings to the JummaHafta Art Bazaar where her work was noticed and she was approached to participate in painting cricketers as a tribute to the heroes. Subswari took up the challenge and despite her current status as a student, managed to produce

NOVEMBER01, 1, 2013 LINK LINK – P27 NOVEMBER 2013– PAKISTAN - PAKISTAN

eye-catching paintings of the cricketers in fresh and vibrant pop-art inspired style. She got the chance to educate herself on the cricketers, studying articles and photographs selecting interesting moments to capture and recreating them in her own style. When asked which one of them was the most successful, she said Imran Khan with the blue hair depicting 'Tsunami' received the most appreciation. Courtesy Dawn.

South Africa win eventful Test to level series

The International Cricket Council (ICC) General Manager Commercial, Campbell Jamieson, speaks during the ICC World Twenty20 Bangladesh 2014 match schedule and ticket sales launch ceremony in Dhaka.

Pakistan to Face India in World T20 Opener DHAKA: Rivals India and Pakistan were drawn against each other on Sunday for next year's World Twenty20, marking an explosive start to the competition, the International Cricket Council (ICC) announced here. Former champions India will meet Pakistan as part of the 22-day tournament played in several locations in Bangladesh, featuring 16

countries and starting on March 16 next year. India and Pakistan are among eight sides which have been given direct entry into the Super 10 stage of the competition, based on the ICC's T20 team rankings. The Super 10 stage will start with a match between India and Pakistan in Mirpur on March 21, while the West Indies will begin their title defence on March

23 against India also in Mirpur. The other teams with direct entry into the Super 10 stage are Australia, Sri Lanka, England, South Africa and New Zealand. Bangladesh and Zimbabwe, who finished outside the top eight in rankings, will compete with six other qualifying teams in the first round from March 16 to 21.

www.PakistanLink.com www.Pakistanlink.com

DUBAI: South Africa inflicted an innings and 92-run defeat on Pakistan in the second Test on Saturday and preserved its sevenyear record of not losing a test series away from home. Asad Shafiq ma de 130 with 15 fours and a six while captain Misbah-ul-Haq scored 88 before part-time spinner Dean Elgar broke through and Pakistan was eventually bowled out for 326 late on the fourth day. South Africa got a massive lead of 418 runs by compiling 517 in its first innings in reply to Pakistan's paltry 99. Shafiq and Misbah shared a 197run stand for the fifth wicket and thwarted South Africa for nearly the entire two sessions before the Pakistan captain played a rare lose drive and was caught in the slips just before tea. Misbah faced 218 balls and hit six fours and a six in his marathon effort. Pakistan's tailenders then fell to the spin of JP Duminy (3-67) and Imran Tahir (3-98) with 9.5 overs to go in the day's play. Shafiq faced 320 balls during his seven-hour effort before he was

the last man to go, stumped by AB de Villiers off Duminy. No. 11 batsman Zulfiqar Babar couldn't come out to bat after damaging his right hand while fielding. South Africa lost the first Test _ also inside four days _ by seven wickets last week. But Saturday's win means the topranked team has not lost a Test series since losing to Sri Lanka in 2006. Earlier, Misbah and Shafiq frustrated South Africa for nearly four hours after Pakistan resumed at 132-4. Shafiq cut, pulled and drove with authority and reached his second Test century against the Proteas this year when he drove a wide delivery from Duminy to the cover boundary for his 11th four of the innings. He also hit a century at Cape Town in February during Pakistan's 3-0 series defeat against South Africa. On a day when Faf du Plessis was fined 50 percent of his match fee for ball tampering, South Africa struggled to break through on the dry wicket.


COMMENTARY

P28 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 1, 2013 n By Jeffrey Goldberg (Written before PPM Sharif ’s meeting with President Obama at the White House last Wednesday)

W

hen Pakistan’s prime minister, Nawaz Sharif, visits the White House tomorrow, he may find President Barack Obama on the defensive. A new report from Amnesty International alleges that some h US drone strikes in Pakistan may amount to war crimes. But Obama could respond to Sharif by citing another report, this one in the form of a soon-to-be-released book by Pakistan’s former ambassador to the US, Husain Haqqani, who states plainly that his government sponsors the terrorist groups whose members are often the targets of American drones. In the book, “Magnificent Delusions,” Haqqani says: “My countrymen will someday have to come to terms with global realities. Pakistan cannot become a regional leader in South Asia while it supports terrorism.” It’s highly unusual to have a former ambassador -- one who spent years in Washington defending his government against all sorts of accusations (Haqqani served in the US from 2008 to 2011, a period in which Osama bin Laden was killed while hiding in Pakistan) -- plainly admit the truth: that his government, through its army and intelligence agencies, aids and

n By Elena Shore

T

New America Media CA

he Republican Party emerged from the partial government shutdown with record low approval ratings. Now, some analysts say the key to their survival could be their leadership on immigration reform. The strategy House Republicans decide to take on this issue could determine their viability in the next election. But while it’s unclear what their next move will be, news reports this week indicate they may be less at a standstill than we thought.

Signs already point to the GOP taking steps to move on immigration reform. On Wednesday, House Speaker John Boehner left open the possibility of bringing up immigration reform for a vote on the House floor this year. “I still think that immigration reform is an important subject that needs to be addressed and I am hopeful,” Boehner told a reporter. Some House Republicans are already hard at work on legislation that would address one of the biggest questions in immigration reform: how to fix the legal status of the 11 million undocumented immigrants currently living in the United States. The Wall Street Journal and Washington Post reported Tuesday that Republican Congress member Mario Díaz-Balart (FL-25) is working with a group of lawmakers on a bill that would offer undocumented immigrants a way to “get right with the law.” Republican Darrell Issa (CA-49) is reportedly working separately on a measure that would offer temporary legal status to qualifying undocumented immigrants. The news comes as the House GOP once again finds itself in the hot seat, with little to show in the way of action on immigration reform. It’s a central question for a party that has come to be known increasingly as anti-immigrant and whose

Husain Haqqani’s “Magnificent Delusions”

abets the murder of civilians by terrorist organizations. US officials (and officials of numerous foreign intelligence agencies) have long believed that Pakistani intelligence provides material support to terrorist groups, but Haqqani may be the most prominent Pakistani to publicly agree with them. Haqqani, though, has long been a rare sort of Pakistani public figure. He is a long-time critic of the country’s military, which is the real power behind the civilians who nominally rule, and his tenure as ambassador ended when his enemies accused him of plotting against the armed forces. He now lives in a semi-self-imposed exile in the US. Pakistan and the US, which have had a contentious relationship for decades (the history of this relationship is the main subject of Haqqani’s new book), have lately tried to smooth over their differences. Secretary of State John Kerry, in particular, seems keen to reinforce the view that Pakistan is an invaluable ally, and the US recently decided to release about $1.6 billion in aid that was suspended in the difficult days after bin Laden’s killing. But it certainly would be useful for the Obama administration to press Sharif hard on his country’s support for several terrorist groups, including those behind the killings of American soldiers in Afghanistan and the Mum-

bai massacre of 2008. The group backing that slaughter, Lashkar-e-Taiba, continues to openly operate in Pakistan. Its founder, Hafiz Muhammad Saeed, has a $10 million US bounty on his head, but this doesn’t stop him from ranging freely and speaking publicly. The support given to Lashkare-Taiba by the Pakistani intelligence agency -- the Inter-Services Intelligence, or ISI -- serves as a case study for Haqqani. After the Mumbai massacre, Haqqani writes, Pakistan “initially denied any connection to the attack. Instead of trying to identify and punish terrorists, Pakistan focused on refuting reports of Pakistani complicity.”

He says that the attack, which came in the final months of George W. Bush’s presidency, lost Pakistan whatever official sympathy it previously had in Washington. No matter: Washington soon forgets, and Pakistan’s military leaders can safely assume that they will pay no long-term price for supporting terrorism, Haqqani writes. Soon after the bin Laden raid, the US made an effort to test Pakistan’s willingness to combat terrorism. Haqqani writes that two senior American officials visited Islamabad to propose a series of steps Pakistan could take to build confidence. They provided Pakistan with information about a bomb-making factory run by the Haqqani Network. (The Haqqanis

Could Immigration Reform Save the GOP?

popularity, especially among Latino voters, has dropped dramatically. A patchwork of state immigration laws The experience of undocumented immigrants can vary widely depending on where they live. California, for example, recently passed more than a dozen laws including measures that allow undocumented immigrants to apply for driver’s licenses, protect the rights of domestic workers, and limit law enforcement’s ability to detain undocumented immigrants for deportation. Reshma Shamasunder, director of the California Immigrant Policy Center, said the victories this year in California show the state’s “slow change in perception of immigrants” since the anti-immigrant sentiment in the mid-90s. “You can’t have a longstanding population that is afraid to drive, unable to participate in the community and civic activities,” said Shamasunder. Meanwhile, immigrants in states like Georgia that have followed the model of Arizona’s enforcementoriented immigration law SB 1070 are facing a very different set of circumstances. “Things do not look [good] in the South,” said Adrian Bernal, a journalist with Radio Información on 1310 AM in Atlanta. Two years ago, Georgia passed a state immigration law, HB 87, that made it a crime to get a job with false documents, punishable with up to 15 years in prison and a $250,000 fine; required businesses to check the immigration status of new hires; and required anyone receiving public benefits such as food stamps to provide a “secure and verifiable” ID document. A federal judge blocked two other provisions of the law — a requirement that law enforcement officers check the immigration status of people who can’t provide IDs,

and punishments for anyone who harbors or transports anyone else illegally present in the country. A last-minute addition to the law also created an Immigration Enforcement Review Board that is

The Wall Street Journal and Washington Post reported Tuesday that Republican Congress member Mario Díaz-Balart (FL-25) is working with a group of lawmakers on a bill that would offer undocumented immigrants a way to “get right with the law” empowered to subpoena witnesses, documents and mete out punishment, said Bernal. The board is now considering bringing charges against DeKalb County for not enforcing HB 87. “We have found ourselves with this board that many think is unconstitutional because only registered voters can complain to the Commis-

www.PakistanLink.com

sion,” said Bernal. The 2012 election saw record turnouts from Latino, Asian and immigrant voters, many of whom cited immigration as a key concern. “House Republicans’ views on immigration are untested, and many advocates for reform believe they are implacably hostile,” Tamar Jacoby, president of ImmigrationWorks USA, a national federation of smallbusiness owners in favor of immigration reform, wrote in a column for CNN. “But the truth is Republican opinion has been evolving since the 2012 election. More and more House Republicans, perhaps the majority, know that reform is overdue and that the GOP must be part of the solution -- to remain competitive with Latino voters and because it’s the right thing to do.” The question now, she writes, is whether the GOP will be able to take ownership of immigration reform, to be seen as leaders on the issue and not be seen as merely followers of Obama. It’s a thin line to walk. The morning after the partial government shutdown ended, Obama called on Congress to act on immigration reform. Republican lawmakers responded by accusing the

of the Haqqani Network, a terrorist group, are not related to Husain Haqqani.) Pakistan’s military leaders “promised that the Pakistan army would send in troops to shut down the illicit factory that was manufacturing the IEDs,” Haqqani writes. “A few days later the CIA sent time-stamped photographs showing the facility being dismantled hours before the army’s arrival. The dismantling began after a man on a motorcycle went into the factory, thus leading to speculation that he had come to tip off the terrorists about the impending army operation.” He goes on, “The Americans concluded that Pakistan’s failure to combat terrorism went beyond its law enforcement agencies’ and armed forces’ incompetence.” The Pakistani government’s pattern in these matters is so predictable that Haqqani, in a telephone interview with me, called it the “Groundhog Day approach.” “Every time the US makes a reasonable request that would prove Pakistan’s bona fides in fighting terrorism, our response was to raise the temperature of anti-American sentiment through the media, to provoke hostility,” he told me. “The American folly is that they always think the Pakistani government is going to respond reasonably...” - Courtesy Bloomberg (Jeffrey Goldberg is a Bloomberg View columnist. Follow him on Twitter.) president of playing partisan politics on a divisive issue to make the GOP look bad: If the party doesn’t act, they could be blamed for the failure of immigration reform. But if they act on reform, they could be seen as simply bowing to the president. In the aftermath of the government shutdown, immigration reform may be a test case of where the Republican Party is headed. They have until the end of next year, 2014, to come to a compromise (in conference committee) with the broad immigration overhaul passed in the Senate in June. Once the two chambers pass the final compromise bill, it will head to the president’s desk. “It used to be that immigration reform was cyclical. Now, the cost of inaction is so high,” Lynn Tramonte, deputy director of America’s Voice, an immigration reform advocacy organization in Washington, DC, told reporters on a national telebriefing last week organized by New America Media. “I personally think you’re going to see House Republicans introduce a bill this year.” The piecemeal approach House Republicans have said they will focus on separate piecemeal bills that address different aspects of immigration reform. The House’s Judiciary Committee has passed four bills that address E-Verify (the federal database to check the immigration status of potential employees), the SAFE Act (which gives local law enforcement unprecedented authorization to enforce immigration laws), high-skilled workers and agricultural workers. The House’s Homeland Security Committee also passed a bipartisan border bill. Other bills currently being discussed include the KIDS Act (a GOP version of the DREAM Act) and a bill addressing low-skilled workers. Meanwhile, House Democrats have introduced a compromise bill that mirrors much of the Senate omnibus bill, but which substitutes IMMIGRATION, P10


COMMENTARY n By Shahid Javed Burki

F

NOVEMBER 1, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P29

Counting on the Diaspora for Economic Change

or the last several years, remittances sent by Pakistanis working abroad have increased by unexpected rates. In the financial year 2013-14, the first quarter of which has been completed, they may bring in an additional $14 billion. This flow has kept the country solvent. By adding to the pathetically low rate of domestic savings, they have contributed to maintaining the rate of growth at just about three per cent a year. These are well-known and recognized facts. What is not fully realized is how this amount of money is changing, in many ways, Pakistan’s social and economic landscapes. Participants in International Conference on Potential and Prospects of Pakistani Diaspora, Islamabad, November 2012 In order to highlight some of the changes that are taking place, I high skill-levels. The average per penditures and investments. Since an enormous amount of impact on will place the Pakistani situation capita income is around $25,000. the total amount of remittances the area’s economy. Dozens of studThis means that the total income received by South Asia is now esti- ies have been carried out to deterin the South Asian context.

In 2011, the number of people in the worldwide South Asian Diasporas was estimated at 50 million, out of the total number of international migrants numbering 200 million. The number of people leaving South Asia every year is now estimated at 10 million. In 2013, the size of the South Asian Diaspora is 70 million strong. There are four major Diasporas formed by the South Asians over the last several decades. They are to be found in Britain, East Africa, the Middle East and North America. The fifth is in the process of being formed in South East Asia, including Australia. The Diaspora per capita incomes range between $5,000 and $65,000. The lower figure is for the Middle East where most of the people who have gone in search of work have low-level skills. The highest level of income is in North America where the Diaspora is peopled mostly with professionals with

H

ow many employees roll their eyes during meetings to discuss new initiatives?

How often do they scramble to complete a task not because they love it, but because they’re afraid of the consequences if they don’t? How many mutter “not in my job description” when asked to assume a new responsibility? “These are examples of people whose work is providing them with nothing more than a paycheck,” says Trevor Wilson, human resources strategist, CEO of TWI Inc., and author of “The Human Equity Advantage,” (www.twiinc.com). “And even though that’s ostensibly why we go to work, it’s not what gets us excited and enthusiastic about what we do.” The solution, he says starts with business leaders and managers. If their work is not fulfilling any higher purpose for them than making money, they’re lacking one of the essential qualities necessary for helping their employees become engaged – and for keeping engaged employees enthusiastic. “You need to step back and assess your own situation,” Wilson says. “Are you driven more by your fears – of not being able to pay your bills, of losing your job, of failing? Or are you driven by the knowledge that you, like every one of us, have the capacity to do amazing things?” Business leaders who are striving to create something that will leave the world a better place are not only more engaged themselves, they’re more

earned a year by the people of South Asian attraction living and working abroad is approaching $2 trillion a year. This is 10 per cent more than the combined South Asian national

mated at $100 billion, the members of the Diaspora send a sixth of their savings to what were once their home countries — the remaining half a trillion goes into asset for-

mine the size of the middle class in South Asia. I place the number of people in this category at 950 million, about 60 per cent of the total population. This class is divided

What has gone mostly unnoticed by academics, as well as those responsible for making public policy, is the way the money coming in from abroad by way of remittances is changing the social structure of South Asia. This change also has an enormous amount of impact on the area’s economy income. Migrants always save more than the host populations. The savings rate for South Asian’s working in the Middle East is very high — averaging at 80 per cent of the earned incomes. Almost the entire saved amount is remitted back to the home countries. For the entire Diaspora the savings rate is in the order of 30 per cent. This means that $600 billion of savings are being set aside for various kinds of ex-

mation. The total assets owned and kept abroad by South Asians now amount to $1.5 trillion. This asset base adds another $10 billion a year to the total amount earned by the members of this community. What has gone mostly unnoticed by academics, as well as those responsible for making public policy, is the way the money coming in from abroad by way of remittances is changing the social structure of South Asia. This change also has

into two parts, each with about the same number. The 475 million or so are very close to the fringe of poverty. About 10 million are moving up every year from being absolutely poor to the ranks of the lower middle class. This is on account of the augmentation of their incomes from the remittances they receive from the relatives working abroad. By the year 2020, the number in the lower middle class will increase to almost 550 million. Those who have

Why Business Leaders with a Higher Purpose Have More Engaged Employees

likely to do the things that help their employees engage, Wilson says. “Our search for happiness is our search for our purpose, and we achieve both by bringing all of our skills and talents – our human equity – to the job,” he says. He offers these tips for fostering a culture in which employees are actively engaged: • Use performance evaluations to learn more about your employees’

strengths, interests and goals. Each employee has strengths and talents that often go unrecognized -- and untapped -- in the workplace. Helping them to identify these and use them at work contributes to their feeling that their work has purpose and results in more engaged, productive employees. “People want to bring all their talents to what they’re doing – we’re happiest when we’re doing what we’re good at it,” Wilson says. “In order to know

www.PakistanLink.com

what those skills, talents, even personality traits are, managers must get to know their individual employees.” • Do not treat all employees equally. All employees are not equal and treating them as if they were leaves engaged, enthusiastic employees feeling shortchanged and disengaged employees feeling entitled, Wilson says. “Acknowledge and reward employees who are going the extra mile and point out the ways they’re

higher income levels will remain about the same. In other words, the lower middle class will account for about 55 per cent of the total number of people at the middle income level. While the upper middle class will be located mostly in the region’s large and middle-sized cities, the lower middle class will have a larger number in the countryside. However, they will not be dependent on agriculture for most of their livelihood. They will be involved mostly in the service sector. Relieved from producing goods and commodities for their own consumption, this class of consumers will begin to depend on simple manufactures. Processed food has already become readily available in the rural areas — in villages and in small towns. In Pakistan, small rural stores carry prepared masalas produced by such large companies as National Food and Shan Masala. This greater reliance on processed items of food have cut down on the amount of time women must spend in the home kitchen. Thus freed, they have taken up new lines of economic activity including minding livestock, stitching and sewing. The failure of the public sector to provide quality education has brought in a number of young women into the business of education. Thousands of privately run schools now dot the country’s landscape. Most of these activities don’t get counted in national income accounts. This is one reason why the gross domestic product is seriously underestimated in all of South Asia. The main point of this analysis is that the large amounts of remittances that are flowing into the region, from several places that have a large concentration of South Asians, are producing profound socio-economic change in the subcontinent. This change is seldom included in the South Asian economic story. contributing that may not be quantifiable or part of their ‘job description.’ The successful salesman who routinely coaches less successful colleagues is displaying a strength that won’t show up on his sales sheet but is, nonetheless, a valuable contribution to the company.” • Recognize and reward employees’ demonstration of strong values. Values are part of the human equity that all of us bring to work in varying degrees. Honesty, integrity, compassion, work ethic – our best employees usually have these and other strong, positive values. Business leaders may unconsciously recognize them, for instance, by giving a very honest employee their trust, but they should make a point of acknowledging them publicly as well. “Our values are the foundation of our purpose and an expression of our true selves,” Wilson says. “Employees who are both able to demonstrate their values at work, and rewarded for doing so, having a greater sense of purpose.” About Trevor Wilson: Trevor Wilson is the CEO of TWI Inc. and creator of the human equity management model. He is the global diversity, inclusion and human equity strategist who regularly speaks at corporate functions. TWI’s clients include some of the most progressive global employers in the world, including Coca-Cola, Ernst & Young, BNP Paribas and Home Depot. TWI’s trademarked human equity approach was instrumental in catapulting Coca Cola’s South Africa division to the top performing division worldwide.


COMMENTARY

P30 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 1, 2013

Investment Strategies for Those with Money to Invest n By Saghir Aslam Irvine, CA

(The following information is provided solely to educate the Muslim community about investing and financial planning. It is hoped that the ummah will benefit from this effort through greater financial empowerment, enabling the community to live in security and dignity and fulfill their religious and moral obligations towards charitable activities) While there are many individuals who have plenty of money to invest, more than a few hesitate to do so because they are unsure of exactly how or where to invest their money. And while it may seem a logical conclusion that the more money you have the more complicated your investment picture becomes, that is not necessarily the case. Financial investment strategies can still be broken down into simple, easy-to-understand terms. Asset Allocation — One of the most important elements of a successful financial strategy is proper asset allocation. This refers to the mix of investments you have in your portfolio, and it’s important to keep a good balance of different types of investments — like stocks, bonds and cash, for example — diversified across a range of industry groups or sectors. Your ultimate financial objectives, the amount of time you have to invest and your own risk tolerance should all be taken into consideration as you decide exactly how to divide up your funds and where to invest them. Although asset allocation will diversify your portfolio, it will not

protect against fluctuating prices or uncertain returns. Equity Investment Strategies — When investing in stocks, a good rule of thumb is to diversify your stock portfolio across a number of sectors; you may also want to overweight industry sectors whose stocks you believe are likely to benefit from the current outlook for the economy. Once you have identified these sectors, you can begin to select specific stocks from within them. You may want to consider stocks that pay dividends, which can give your investment an added boost. Another benefit of these stocks is that you can usually reinvest the dividends you earn directly into the purchase of more stock, and many investment firms even have programs that allow you to do so at no cost. Another good idea is to select companies that have a solid foundation and have the potential to continue to grow over the long term. While it’s not easy to predict the future, the advice of a Financial Advisor and a little research of your own should enable you to identify companies that have the qualities necessary to meet your long-term objectives. Fixed-Income Investment Strategies — When you buy a bond, you are

usually promised the return of your principal as long as you keep it until maturity. In addition, you earn interest on your money before the bond matures. There are a wide variety of fixedincome products available. Some can be tax-advantaged, and many generally afford you a fixed rate of return. Estate Investment Planning — Regardless of your age, an estate plan is a valuable tool that can help preserve your estate in the unexpected event of your incapacitation or even death. It can also ensure your assets are properly managed, according to your wishes, for your heirs. Proper estate planning can even help reduce federal estate taxes for your heirs, so they can more fully enjoy the benefits of the money you have left to them. While this is just a simple overview of some of the many financial opportunities available to you, it’s important to begin your financial strategy right away. Talk to a Financial Adviser to find out more about the ways you can tailor your asset management strategies to help you enjoy your money now and in the future. (Saghir A. Aslam only explains strategies and formulas that he has been using. He is merely providing information, and NO ADVICE is given. Mr. Aslam does not endorse or recommend any broker, brokerage firm, or any investment at all, or does he suggest that anyone will earn a profit when or if they purchase stocks, bonds or any other investments. All stocks or investment vehicles mentioned are for illustrative purposes only. Mr. Aslam is not an attorney, accountant, real estate broker, stockbroker, investment advisor, or certified financial planner. Mr. Aslam does not have anything for sale.)

Business or Pleasure? The “B” Visa Category

T

n By Momal Iqbal

he “B” visa is a nonimmigrant visa for individuals visiting the United States temporarily for business or pleasure. This article focuses on the B-1 visa for business visitors and the acceptable business activities under this visa category.

There is a lot of misunderstanding surrounding what constitutes acceptable business activities while using this visa; however, if you are found to be in violation of the terms of this visa, it can make future trips into the US difficult and can harm your ability to obtain other nonimmigrant or immigrant visas in the future. Therefore, it is important to have some understanding on what is permissible while traveling on this visa. Obtaining your visa Generally, a citizen of a foreign country who wishes to enter the United States must first obtain a visa, either a nonimmigrant visa (for temporary stay) or an immigrant visa (for permanent residence). The visa allows a foreign citizen, to travel to a US port-of entry and request permission to enter the country from a US immigration officer. The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) regulates the entry of aliens into the US. The INA creates a presumption (subject to certain exceptions) that any alien entering the US intends to “immigrate” or remain in the US permanently.

Therefore, in order to receive a nonimmigrant visa, a foreign national must overcome this presumption. In doing so, it is helpful to provide evidence of the following: • The visit is for business purposes and your principal place of business is abroad; • The visit is temporary, for a specific, limited period; • You have sufficient funds to cover expenses in the United States; • You have a residence abroad where there are compelling social and economic ties to ensure you will return home at the end of the visit. An application for a B-1 visa is most commonly submitted through a US embassy or consulate having jurisdiction over your permanent residence abroad, although you may apply to any US embassy or consulate abroad. Allowable “Business” Activities in the US while using this visa The definition of “business” in this instance is limited, and does not generally allow for gainful employment or productive activity such as operating a business or consultancy work. Under current regulations, B-1 visa visitors are not entitled to receive a salary from a US employer. A salary paid by a foreign company for services rendered in the US is permissible, as is a reasonable allowance for expenses and reimbursement by a US company for expenses incidental to the visit. The Department of State advises that the following are among acceptable B-1 activities: • Engaging in market research

• Negotiating contracts • Looking into potential real estate sites for investment • Signing property leases • Consulting with business associates, such as board of directors meetings • Supervising and training US workers for building or construction work, although an alien may not actually perform such work • Installing, servicing or repairing commercial or industrial equipment purchased from abroad, or training US workers in their use and repair • Participation in scientific, educational, professional or business conventions, conferences, or seminars • Commercial transactions in the US , such as a merchant taking orders for goods manufactured abroad • Undertaking independent research. • Litigation related activities Acceptable Activities Under a visitor for business visa, an individual may attend meetings and enter into discussions with current and potential clients regarding specifications on deals and contracts, plan goals, discuss progress in achieving goals; take orders; engage in commercial transactions; negotiate contracts; look into potential real estate sites for investment; sign leases on property. Requirements/Limitation of Activities The above activities are VISA, P33

www.PakistanLink.com

Exchange Rates for Currency Notes* Countries

Selling Rs.

USA S.Arabia UK Japan Euro UAE

107.46 28.65 172.96 1.1019 148.06 29.26

Buying Rs. 104.92 27.96 168.87 1.0752 144.56 27.97

(*October 30, 2013)

U.S. VISA AVAILABILITY IN OCTOBER 2013 For Pakistan, Bangla Desh & India Compiled by: Hasan Chishti FAMILY SPONSORED PREFERENCE Pakistan/Bangla Desh 1st Unmarried sons & daughters of U.S. Citizens

Oct., 1, 2006

India Oct., 1, 2006

2-A Spouses and unmarried children of permanent residents

Sept., 8, 2013

Sept., 8, 2013

2-B Unmarried sons & daughters (21 years of age or older) of permanent residents

March 1, 2006

March 1, 2006

3rd Married sons & daughters of U.S. citizens

Jan. 22, 2003

Jan. 22, 2003

4th Brothers & sisters of adult U.S citizens

August 8, 2001

August 8 , 2001

EMPLOYMENT BASED CATEGORY 1st Priority workers

Current

2nd Members of the professions holding advanced degree or persons of exceptional ability

Current

June 15, 2008

3rd Skilled workers Other workers

July 1, 2010 July 1, 2010

Sept. 22, 2003 Sept. 22, 2003

4th Certain special immigrants Certain religious workers

Current Current

Current Current

5th Employment creation Targeted Employment Areas/ Regional centers Pilot Programs

Current

Current

Current Current

Current Current

Current

UNLIMITED FAMILY-BASED Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizens (IR): The spouse, widow(er) and unmarried children under 21 of a U.S. citizen, and the parent of a U.S. citizen who is 21 or older. Returning Residents (SB): Immigrants who lived in the United States previously as lawful permanent residents and are returning to live in the U.S. after a temporary visit of more than one year abroad.


RELIGION

NOVEMBER 1, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P31

Prophet Muhammad: Allah’s Mercy to the Worlds and Favor to the Faithful

n By Dr Muzammil H. Siddiqi

W 21:107)

From the translation by Muhammad Asad (Leopold Weiss) About the translator: Muhammad Asad, Leopold Weiss, was born of Jewish parents in Livow, Austria (later Poland) in 1900, and at the age of 22 made his first visit to the Middle East. He later became an outstanding foreign correspondent for the Franfurter Zeitung, and after years of devoted study became one of the leading Muslim scholars of our age. His translation of the Holy Qur’an is one of the most lucid and wellreferenced works in this category, dedicated to li-qawmin yatafakkaroo (people who think).

e sent you not except as a mercy for the worlds. (Al-Anbiya’

Allah did confer a great favor on the Believers when He sent among them a Messenger from among themselves, rehearsing unto them the Signs of Allah, sanctifying them, and instructing them in Scripture and Wisdom, while before that, they had been in manifest error. (Al ‘Imran 3:164) Prophet Muhammad – peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - was the “Rahmah of Allah” to the worlds. Rahmah is mercy and grace. Whatever exists in this world exists by the mercy of Allah; but one of the greatest signs of Allah’s mercy is His Last and Final Prophet Muhammad. Through Prophet Muhammad Allah completed His mercy to the whole world. Before him the Prophets used to come only to their own people; but Prophet Muhammad brought Allah’s love and mercy to all people and to all creation. In a Hadith the Prophet explained in this way: Narrated by Abu Musa alAsh’ari: The Prophet told us some of his names. He said, “I am Muhammad, Ahmad, alMuqaffa (the Final One), alHashir (the one who gathers humanity), Nabi al-Tawbah (the Prophet of Repentance) and Nabi al-Rahmah (the Prophet of Mercy).” (Muslim 4344) Besides being “the Mercy of Allah to the Worlds,” the Prophet was also “the Favor of Allah” (Mann Allah). However, the favor is to the faithful only because they are the ones who will benefit from his teachings, his message and mission and take the lead in spreading Allah’s mercy. Allah says that the Prophet is from among them (min anfusihim), meaning that he is from among the human beings. Imam Qurtubi says that there are several meanings in this favor of Allah: One of them is that he is from amongst them. That is his being from the human race is a favor to human race and his being from among the humans make it easy for the human to follow him. Was he from among the angels or some extra-terrestrial creatures, it would have

Gems from the Holy Qur’an

Chapter 2, Al-Baqarah (The Cow), Verses 155 - 157 And most certainly shall We try you by means of danger, and hunger, and loss of worldly goods, of lives and of [labor’s] fruits. But give glad tidings unto those who are patient in adversity – who, when calamity befalls them, say, “Verily, unto God do we belong and, verily, unto Him we shall return. It is they upon whom their Sustainer’s blessings and grace are bestowed, and it is they, they who are on the right path!

been very difficult for them to take him and his example seriously. In some readings of the Qur’an, it is read “min anfasihim” not “min anfusihim” and the meaning is that he was the most “nafis” (precious and valuable) among the human beings. Prophet Muhammad is the favor of Allah to the faithful for the following reasons: 1. He recites the ayat of Allah to them 2. He purifies them 3. He teaches them the Book and Wisdom 1. He recites to them the Ayat of Allah: Allah revealed to him His Book, the Qur’an and he recites the Ayat of this Book to them. He gives them the Book as it was given to him from Allah. He is not only to deliver the book to them, but he is also to show them how to read this book. He is to make sure that the book is recited in the right way without any mistakes or errors. He makes sure that the book is preserved not only in the written but also in the spoken form. 2. He purifies them: Tazkiyah is both: purification and

growth. Prophet Muhammad purifies the believers from sin, corruption, bad habits and customs. He purifies them individually and collectively. He purifies their societies: their

he changed their condition. The humanity saw that suddenly the people who had no history and had no place among the nations of the world, they became the pride to the world.

After the departure of the Prophet from this world, it is the responsibility of his Ummah to benefit from this favor and then spread his mercy and grace to the worlds

3. He teaches them the book and wisdom: Prophet Muhammad did not only deliver the Qur’an to the believers; he also taught them the Qur’an. He explained the words of Allah and told them the teachings of the Qur’an and the way to follow those teachings. He did this through his Sunnah: his words and his personal example. Without Sunnah one cannot understand the Qur’an as it ought to be understood. The Sunnah is the Companion of the Qur’an. Some people explain “hikmah” as the Sunnah while others have taken “hikmah” as wisdom in the general sense of the word. Prophet Muhammad gave both the practical explanation of the Qur’an and he also gave us deeper meaning and wisdom of Allah’s words and commands. By knowing the wisdom of the Qur’an we can interpret the Qur’an in all situations and in all times. The Prophet was not only to give us textual meanings, but he also gave us the understanding of the text in its proper context and its application in different times and places. This is the basic role of the Sunnah and Hadith. It is important that we as Muslims benefit from Allah’s favor and then make Allah’s Mercy available to all people. After the departure of the Prophet from this world, it is the responsibility of his Ummah to benefit from this favor and then spread his mercy and grace to the worlds.

cultures, their economic dealings, their political structures. He purifies every aspect of their life. He makes them grow to become better human beings. They are the deputies of Allah (khalifah) on this earth; he brings them up to their potential. He upgrades their human level and makes them pride of humanity. Before him they were living in error and sin;

www.PakistanLink.com

Chapter 2, Al-Baqarah (The Cow),Verse 177 True piety does not consist in turning your face towards the east or the west – but truly pious is he who believes in God, and the Last Day, and the angels, and revelation, and the prophets; and spends his substance – however much he himself may cherish it – upon his near of kin, and orphans, and the needy, and the wayfarer, and the beggars, and for the freeing of human beings from bondage; and is constant in prayer, and renders the purifying dues; and [truly pious are] they who keep their promises whenever they promise, and are patient in misfortune and hardship and in time of peril: it is they that have proved themselves true, and it is they, they who are conscious of God. Chapter 2, Al-Baqarah (The Cow) Verse 186 And if My servants ask thee about Me – behold, I am near; I respond to the call of him who calls, whenever he calls unto Me: let them, then, respond unto Me, and believe in Me, so that they might follow the right way. Chapter 2, Al-Baqarah (The Cow),Verse 190 And fight in God’s cause against those who wage war against you, but do not commit aggression – for, verily, God does not love aggressors. Chapter 2, Al-Baqarah (The Cow), Verse 255 (Aayaat-al-Kursee) God – there is no deity save Him, the Ever-Living, the Self-Subsistent Fount of all Being. Neither slumber overtakes Him, nor sleep. His is all that is in the heavens and all that is on earth. Who is there that could intercede with Him, unless it be by His leave? He knows all that lies open before men and all that is hidden from them, whereas they cannot attain to aught of His knowledge save that which He wills [them to attain]. His eternal power overspreads the heavens and the earth, and their upholding wearies Him not. And he alone is truly exalted, tremendous.


CLASSIFIED & MATRIMONIAL

P32 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 1, 2013

Classified Section Petition of Asma Uraizee and Zaheer Uraizee on Behalf of Hafsa Uraizee Petition of Asma Uraizee and Zaheer Uraizee On Behalf Of Hafsa Uraizee ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME CASE NUMBER: KS017483 TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: Petitioners Asma Uraizee and Zaheer Uraizee On Behalf Of Hafsa Uraizee filed a petition with this court for a decree changing names as follows: Present Name: Hafsa Uraizee Proposed Name: Aaliya Uraizee THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted. Any person objecting to the name changes described above must file a written objection that includes the reasons for the objection at least two court days before the matter is scheduled to be heard and must appear at the hearing to show cause why the petition should not be granted. If no written objection is timely filed, the court may grant the petition without a hearing. NOTICE OF HEARING Date: December 04, 2013 Time: 8:30 am Dept.: G Room: 302 THE ADDRESS OF THE COURT IS: Superior Court of California, County of Los Angeles Superior Court, 400 Civic Center Plaza, Pomona, CA 91766 A copy of this Order to Show Cause shall be published at least once each week for four successive weeks prior to the date set for hearing on the petition in the following newspaper of general circulation, printed in this county (newspaper): Pakistan Link. DATE: October 15, 2013 Brian M. Hoffstadt Judge of the Superior Court.

HOUSE FOR SALE IN LAHORE

Four canal house for sale on Main Wahdat Road, Lahore, Pakistan. House is located in a highly desireable and fast growing commercial area. Contact Idrees Anwar at phone number 336-613-5521.

INVESTOR LOOKING FOR BUSINESS TO BUY Investor looking to buy/lease a small profitable business in Orange/Los Angeles County, California. Will also consider partnership offers. Wants to relocate from Canada to Southern California. Serious business owners/brokers may please send e-mail to amsk.sikander@gmail.com. All information will be kept strictly confidential.

FRANCHISED FAST FOOD CHICKEN CHAIN IN STATE OF OKLAHOMA SEEKING INDIVIDUALS OR COUPLES FOR MANAGEMENT AND ALL OTHER POSITIONS. LOW COST OF LIVING STATE WITH ATTRACTIVE SALARIES/WAGES. PLEASE E-MAIL YOURS RESUME TO KHANKAMRAN5@AOL. COM OR LEAVE MESSAGE @ 580-695-9166.

Support the Community by Supporting Pakistan Link. To Advertise or Subscribe in the most popular Pakistani-American newspaper “Pakistan Link” Call 714-400-3400

Matrimonial Link BOOK YOUR MATRIMONIAL AD TODAY Buy 3 Get 1 Free!

Mrs. Mona has best matches for lawyers doctors pharmacists engineers and other professional boys & girls from respectful families in USA only for further information email me your bio-data/ recent pictures along with your contact information To: freerishta786@yahoo. com

Urdu speaking parents of Karachi seek bride for their son, 28 years, 5-11tall, very fair, handsome, earn PhD in Economics 2013. The girl should be tall, very fair, highly qualified, a resident or US citizen. Selatin2002@yahoo.com A highly educated family seeks a Western-raised 23-28 year old professional for their attractive 22 year old citizen daughter. He should possess good moral character with an openminded and progressive outlook, and a blend of Eastern and Western values. Please contact noorpak786@gmail.com Looking for groom for my daughter 23 years old 5 feet 5 inch height born and brought up in Kuwait very pretty and smart, well educated and well mannered. Groom should be good looking educated well settled age should not be more than 24 to 27 years. malikmahmud@hotmail.com

Call: 714 400 3400 or E-mail: sales@pakistanlink.com

BOOK YOUR MATRIMONIAL AD TODAY Buy 3 Get 1 Free!

Call: 714 400 3400 or E-mail: sales@pakistanlink.com I am looking for suitable match for my Brother age 33 living in California please call or text 619-500-4397 or e mail humwatan70@yahoo.com 42 sunni muslim male, 5’4”,divorced with one child. For details please contact 401 648 5786. US Residents/Citizens only

I am looking for suitable match for my Brother. He is Yemeni Arab Sunni Muslim. 24 years, 5-3 height and, good looking. living in San Jose, California. looking for Sunni Muslim US citizen girl to be his wife and the love of his life. Please call or text 408-8399907 or Email: khalifa001@hotmail.com

Place Your Matrimonial Ad Today Buy 3 Get 1 FREE! call: 714-400-3400 or

Email: Sales@pakistanlink.com Pakistani Sunni Muslim Male, 32, US. Seeking Simple Sunni Muslim woman to get married in sunnah way who follows the basic Islamic rules eats halal pray. 5 Times a day, Send Bio-data with recent photos. age 21 to 35 US Residents/Citizens only Please contact sunnahwaynikah@yahoo.com

My neice 26 yrs old ,MBBS Dr pass 2 steps .Fair 5’4 inch wear hijab in USA for residency interview. Unmarried looking for urdu speaking Dr with moderate religous Mulsim with good moral value. E-mail arifsherwani@live.com Daughter 25,5-5,fair,Pharm-D,Urdu speaking, US born. Educated family with high moral and cultural values looking for a professional suitable Muslim match for their daughter in East coast area. Interested families please contact with full details and pictures at e-mail highsky1965@yahoo.com

Sunni Muslim Urdu-speaking Indian parents from religious family seek alliance for their daughter Pharm.D from USA,5’3’’, 35 years, pious (performs hajj/umrah), never married , good natured ,beautiful, seeking educated professional from similar background. Pediatric Pharmacist in a prestigious hospital in Maryland. Contact: 91- 7498625965 OR 443-858-2605(MD)

Read Pakistan Link and Urdu Link online at www.pakistanlink.com www.PakistanLink.com


PAKISTAN VISA FROM P30

acceptable but a few requirements must be met. The principal place of business must be abroad; if orders are taken - they must be sent abroad to fill; profits must be accrued to the foreign company abroad and not to the visitor directly in the US; the activities must serve to further the interest of the foreign employer; there can be no remuneration for the US activities from the US – all compensation to the visitor should come from the foreign company abroad. The B-1 visa does not allow local employment or labor for hire, which generally means that no hands-on work should be performed (limited exception to be discussed below under “B1 in lieu of H-1”). Generally, the activities in the US should be incidental to the work that is principally performed outside of the US. The US activity should be a fraction of the normal work duties of the visitor in their home country. NAFTA Under the terms of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) among the US , Canada and Mexico, business visitors from these countries have more relaxed rules regarding allowable activities in the US under a B-1 visa. An appendix to NAFTA (Appendix 1603.A.1) lists such allowable activities. If you are interested in more information on permissible activities under the B1 visitor visa, or would like to know other immigration options available to you, please feel free to contact our office. The Visa Waiver Program Citizens of certain countries are allowed to enter the United States without a B1/B2 visa under the Visa Waiver Program, as long as the purpose of the US visit is to engage in permissible activities normally under the B1/B2 visa. Under this program, each individual must enroll in ESTA and complete the online form prior to travel. The visitor must also possess a round-trip ticket, with few exceptions. ESTA will inform the applicant if they are VWP eligible. However, the ultimate decision on admission into the United States is at the sole discretion of the Customs and Border Patrol officer at the port of entry. So even if the ESTA program informs an individual they are eligible, the ultimate admission into the US can be denied. Since ESTA will tell the applicant if he/she is eligible for VWP, it is recommended to apply early in case there is a problem and a visa must be applied for. Upon entry “WB” is annotated on the individual’s admission stamp for individuals visiting for business. Entry is generally granted for 90 days. If you are traveling back and forth very regularly for employment related activities, it is recommended to file for a formal B-1 visa for several reasons: 1) 90 days may not be enough time for your business activity. 2) repeated entries under the VWP may result in higher scrutiny at the port of entry causing delays and inconvenience to the traveler. The officer at the port of entry may also deem you, erroneously, ineligible for entry due to fear you have participated or will participate in unauthorized employment, and send you back causing difficulty on following entries. B-1 in lieu of H-1B A person may travel on a B-1 visa and actually perform work for a short duration (generally up to 6

NOVEMBER 1, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P33 months) in lieu of a H-1B visa, if they: are regularly employed by a foreign firm; there will be no salary or remuneration from a US source during their stay; the foreign firm has an office abroad and disperses a payroll abroad; the foreign firm has been paying the individual’s salary and will continue to do so; the individual has a Bachelor’s degree (or equivalent of a 4-year university degree) in a related field to the occupation, and such a degree is required in order to perform the professional activities in the US. Although it is permissible to do this on the VWP, it is advisable to obtain the official B-1 visa with the specific annotation “B1 in lieu of H1” from a US Embassy or Consulate. Obtaining a B-1 visa would protect you and avoid potential problems with a traveler’s US immigration history. For example, if an Immigration Officer presumes you have engaged in unauthorized employment in the past and denies your entry in the US – you will have to disclose that on later applications for visas, which could cause difficulty in obtiainging a visa in the future. Furthermore, with a legitimate B-1 visa is in your passport, the officer at the US port of entry knows you have already gone through a level of scrutiny at the US Embassy/Consulate abraod, and a government official has deemed your activities legitimate. This may give them piece of mind when dealing with your application for admission, which will in turn make your life easier! MEETING FROM P12

friend of the reclusive Taliban leader Mullah Mohammad Omar, has enough clout to persuade the Taliban to make peace, but his prolonged stay in Pakistan may have marred his reputation among fighters. National Security and Foreign Affairs Adviser Sartaj Aziz also accompanied the premier on his visit whereas Finance Minister Ishaq Dar is already present in London. Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan and Information Minister Pervez Rashid saw the premier off at the airport. During the three-day visit to London, the premier will also represent Pakistan at the World Economic Forum. He is also scheduled to address the Forum. Besides the prime minister will meet with Sultan of Brunei Hassanal Bolkiah, King Abdullah II of Jordan, and his Malaysian counterpart Najeeb Razak. LONDON FROM P1

currently offer Islamic financial products, while 49 Islamic bonds -called sukuks -- with a total value of $34 billion, have been listed over the last five years on the London Stock Exchange. But Cameron aims to expand well beyond this. “When Islamic finance is growing 50 percent faster than traditional banking and when global Islamic investments are set to grow to £1.3 trillion by 2014, we want to make sure a big proportion of that new investment is made here in Britain.” As part of realizing his ambitions, Cameron announced a new “Islamic Index” on the London Stock Exchange and revealed plans for Britain to release an Islamic bond. “This means the creation of a new way of identifying Islamic finance opportunities -- a worldleading Islamic Market Index,” he explained.

Pakistan’s Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif also welcomed the news that Islamic finance was “no longer confined to the Muslim world”. Islamic finance has already helped to transform London’s skyline, with Qatari money part-funding the Olympic village used at last year’s games and the 310-metre Shard building now towering over the River Thames. SUMMIT FROM P1

The premier assured the Afghan and British leaders that Pakistan would not support any particular group in Afghanistan post-2014. He reiterated that Islamabad wanted an Afghan-led and Afghan-owned peace process to take the country out of the spiral of violence. On the domestic front, the summit was told that Islamabad wanted to have meaningful talks with homegrown militants and that all political parties have been taken on board before pursuing the dialogue option. The trilateral meeting coincided with an explosive report in The New York Times which claimed that the United States had uncovered an Afghan attempt to gain leverage over Pakistan by cultivating an alliance with the outlawed Tehreek-eTaliban Pakistan (TTP). The plan was exposed when US forces raided a convoy carrying a senior TTP leader, Latif Mehsud, and captured him near Kabul. “The disrupted plan involved Afghan intelligence trying to work with the Pakistan Taliban in order to find a trump card in a baroque regional power game that is likely to intensify after the American withdrawal next year,” the NYT said, citing US and Afghan officials. DRONES FROM P1

see its positive effects in the coming days as the number of drone strikes would significantly be reduced by the end of this year. Pakistan has a strong Air Force which has the power to impose a restriction on its borders whenever it chooses to, according to the Congressman who added that such attacks were not possible without the consent of the country struck. Citing the example of Iraq, he said, the war in the Middle Eastern country ended only after the host government had asked US troops to leave its soil. Grayson further said that it was possible that a similar situation may develop in Pakistan and only then there would be an end to drone attacks. Moreover, he said Pakistan’s armed forces were capable of tackling militants and that in such a situation the US should not have blood on its hands. He added that there were only a handful militants in the country, whose numbers hardly run into hundreds, whereas the strength of Pakistan’s military was more than a million. “If they (Pakistan’s military) wanted, they could control the situation and ease the lives of thousands of citizens.” Grayson was of the view that

www.PakistanLink.com

heirs of the innocent victims of drone attacks should receive compensation from the United States. Earlier on Tuesday, Congressman Grayson met with the family of a Pakistani elementary school teacher, Rafiqur Rehman, whose mother was killed in a US drone strike last year. Rafiq, who was visiting the US with his family on an invitation sent by Congressman Grayson, provided him with their accounts of the attack that killed the school teacher’s 67-year-old mother, Momina Bibi in North Waziristan. COMMANDERS FROM P1

defense and security related issues. The two countries agreed on a meeting between the DGMOs to lower tensions along the Line of Control (LoC) and the international border during talks between Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his Indian counterpart Manmohan Singh at the sidelines of the UN General Assembly last month. The Indian side had proposed a face-to-face meeting between the DGMOs. The rare meeting was expected to take place by the end of this month or early next month. The DGMOs were mandated by the two prime ministers to work out a plan to restore the 2003 ceasefire agreement along the LoC in the disputed Himalayan state of Kashmir. Indian External Affairs Minister Salman Khurshid on Monday voiced his disappointment over the delay in the DGMOs meeting and Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry spokesperson Aizaz Ahmed Chaudhry reiterated that Pakistan wants the New York decision to be implemented on a priority basis. However, sources said chances of the DGMOs meeting were slim as India was not ready to resume the process of dialogue at this stage. On Tuesday, Press Trust of India quoted unnamed Indian officials suggesting New Delhi put on hold the DGMOs meeting. The decision was taken by the Indian government in view of the advice from its armed forces. CRICKET FROM P1

four wickets taking his ODI tally to 150 by the end of the innings. Afridi grabbed three wickets, with two and one going to Sohail Tanvir and Mohammad Irfan respectively. Pakistan played three seamers. Umar Akmal was back and so was Umar Amin. The Proteas are resting Dale Steyn while Amla, who went home for the birth of his child, is not back either.

MPAC FROM P26

projects and campaigns MPAC will launch in the coming months, including a toolkit which will empower communities to better organize and address the potential for violent extremism. We encourage leaders, activists, students and all concerned Muslims to share the document with their congregations and facilitate discussion on this important topic. Founded in 1988, MPAC is an American institution which informs and shapes public opinion and policy by serving as a trusted resource to decision makers in government, media and policy institutions. MPAC is also committed to developing leaders with the purpose of enhancing the political and civic participation of American Muslims. GROUPS FROM P26

the First Amendment, which protects religious expression. “The prison has no legal justification for forcing Ms Drissi to remove her headscarf in public,” said CAIR-LA staff attorney Fatima Dadabhoy. “Its policy provides for religious accommodation and the prison must ensure that this policy is not arbitrarily enforced by officers.” The letter demands that this illegal practice stop immediately.

Court Ousts & Reinstates Sethi Islamabad: Pakistan Cricket Board’s in-

terim chairman Najam Sethi was declared out on Tuesday but was recalled to the crease when a two-judge appeals bench of the Islamabad High Court reversed a court order passed two hours earlier. In response to a petition, Justice Shaukat Aziz Siddiqui suspended Sethi and barred him from performing his duties for failing to comply with a legal order to elect a permanent PCB chairman on October 18. Justice Siddiqui was hearing a petition filed by former PCB member Ahmed Nawaz.


ENTERTAINMENT & LIFESTYLE

NOVEMBER 01, 2013 - PAKISTAN LINK

ENTERTAINMENT

P34 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 1, 2013

Diana: A Cross-cultural Romance Worth Watching By Ras H. Siddiqui Director Oliver Hirschbiegel's movie "Diana" is an ambitious film, one which might face initial viewer reservations because many in our generation still have vivid memories of the late Lady Diana Spencer. As Princess of Wales or just Lady Di, she was one member of the British Royalty who touched the hearts and minds of millions around the globe as she became Britain's most glamorous face to the world. Her controversial life was followed closely by us even before the Internet brought many more famous private lives into the public domain (whether we like it or not). That this movie is about a tragic end is a secret between the reader here and the rest of the world (no spoiler alerts are needed on that count). Diana and her very public companion Dodi Fayed and driver Henri Paul were killed as a result of a car accident (conspiracy theorists may disagree) in a Paris tunnel in August 1997. The world mourned her; she had become a Princess to the planet partly because of her work on behalf of numerous charities and noble causes, and her very public private life. The media just couldn't get enough of her. A member of the British Royalty "Going Asian" (a term used for South Asians here) her dating a Pakistani and later a Middle Easterner made big news. This fact may not always have been appreciated at home, but it was looked at and followed with a great deal of interest around the

world. With that thought in mind, we turn to the film, which not surprisingly focuses on her rollercoaster romance with life itself. The movie starts off in Paris on the tragic day of August 31, 1997 as she prepares for her final journey. Diana's single look back as she and her entourage enter an elevator head out of the hotel is significant. First, it really introduces us to Naomi Watts playing her character (one of the initial difficulties for any fan of Lady Di is getting used to someone else acting as her). The issue that Diana fought for; the control of landmines is also brought into the movie very early, but it is her and Dodi Fayed making the media headlines which is of much more interest to the world instead. We move quickly to visit an earlier time where the Princess is shown at a charity fundraiser, hounded by reporters, getting intense paparazzi attention, and appearing to be very tired of it all. She comes back to the palace where she sends all of her personal security and domestic help away and sleeps alone. She talks in front of the mirror, is shown reflecting on her marriage to Prince Charles. "There were three of us in this marriage. So it was a bit crowded," she says, a window into her inner troubles and loneliness. She confides in Oonagh (Geraldine James) while undergoing acupuncture and shares a fearful dream she has of falling. Oonagh tells her that she is always giving in her life and the hard part for her is receiving love. Diana adds that her fear is

having no one there to catch her during her fall. This also becomes significant to the storyline (based on the book "Diana Her Last Love" by Kate Snell) in the latter part of the movie. The public Diana and the private one are both played well by Naomi Watts who makes the switch appear seamless. She is asked by her private secretary Patrick (Charles Edwards) to join in naming a submarine but she expresses a preference for events involving helping people instead. She is called to a Royal Kensington Hospital emergency room where a loved one is in need of attention. And it is here that Diana first meets Pakistani heart surgeon Hasnat Khan (Naveen Andrews) whom everyone seems to think of very highly. Hasnat barely acknowledges Diana during their first encounter but that changes somewhat quickly as a very private man and a very public woman fall in love. To elaborate here, a Pakistani doctor who is fond of jazz music, amburgers, smoking cigarettes, quoting the poet Rumi, and consuming old grape juice enters into a relationship with the world's most famous woman who is on the outs with her husband but loves her children (Prince William and Prince Harry) very much. This movie could easily have been titled "Diana & Hasnat" because they dominate it almost completely and it is their story. All others appear rather briefly. Prince Charles does not appear at all and the royal kids are but a glimpse here. The other characters are not really developed enough to be mentioned, except for Diana's confidantes Oonagh and Sonia (Juliet Stevenson) and

www.PakistanLink.com www.Pakistanlink.com

a couple of members of Hasnat's family, namely his mother Naheed Khan (Usha Khan) and family elder Samundar (Art Malik) who actually have some meaningful dialogue. The Lahore segment of the movie is quite colorful. Lahoris fell in love with Diana when she visited Cricket Great Imran Khan and his Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital in the city in 1996. Diana also secretly met Hasnat's family during that Lahore visit. The meeting between Hasnat Khan's mother Naheed and Diana will certainly attract a

Lady Diana. And kudos for Naveen Andrews for making Pakistani men look good for a change in Western movies while playing the role of a light hearted romantic. Together they have made this cross-cultural romance worth watching. Fact, fiction or a little of both, only Dr Hasnat Khan who is alive today really knows what happened between him and Lady Diana Spencer. For us film buffs (or critics from South Asia) the movie has something to offer mainly because of the historical perspective, plus the acting and careful

great deal of South-Asian (not only Pakistani) Diaspora attention. A unique and polite culture clash takes place between the two. "Yes, the English say sorry so beautifully," says Naheed, putting the post-Partition BritishDesi relationship on ice. "Diana" the movie is about a difficult love story. Full credit goes to Naomi Watts for filling in some impossible shoes and making us believe that she actually is

directing. And the script, although somewhat weak in parts, is in the end saved by a very pretty woman looking back at us and the poetry of Rumi.

("Diana" the movie is slated for release in the United States on November 1, 2013. Pictures courtesy of © 2013 Entertainment One Films US).


ADVERTISEMENT

NOVEMBER 1, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P35

www.PakistanLink.com


ADVERTISEMENT

P36 – PAKISTAN LINK – NOVEMBER 1, 2013

www.PakistanLink.com


Pakistan Link - November 1, 2013