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Pakistan Link The Largest Circulated Pakistani-American Newspaper in North America

Friday, August 2, 2013

VOL. 23/31 - 25 Ramadan 1434 H

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13 Questions on the Parliament Attack of Dec 13 Chief Election Commissioner Resigns

Balochistan CM Announces Peace Talks with Militants

First Formal Request for Aafia’s Repatriation

A Difficult Start for the New President

Karachi: Chief

Election Commissioner Fakhruddin G Ebrahim resigned from his post on Wednesday, a week after the Supreme Court ordered the Commission to hold presidential polls ahead of its original schedule. “In accordance with Article 215(3) of the Constitution, I hereby resign from the office of the Chief Election Commissioner of Pakistan,” said Ebrahim in his resignation letter to the president, a copy of which is available with Dawn.com. “I was appointed through a consultative process by the last Parliament. My constitutional term ends in 2017. However, in my humble opinion, the newly elected members of Parliament should have the opportunity to forge new consensus and choose a new Chief Election Commissioner. This will also allow CEC, P29

Kerry in Pakistan on Unannounced Visit Islamabad:

US Secretary of State John Kerry landed in Pakistan late on Wednesday for a day of talks aimed at easing tensions over US drone strikes while putting pressure on the nuclear armed nation to do more to eliminate militant havens on its territory. In Pakistan on an unannounced visit, Kerry is also likely to discuss ways to revive deadlocked talks with the Taliban and broader efforts to stabilize neighboring KERRY, P15

US & Canada $1.00

Mian Nawaz Sharif felicitates PML-N stalwart Mamnoon Hussain. The new president’s biggest challenge is to keep the presidency away from political controversies. But can he do it in a situation where he would be under attack all the time?

Karachi: For Karachi’s

textile businessman, Mamnoon Hussain, it may be a dream come true, but

he may find it extremely difficult to build his image as a neutral president. For the PML-N it has

been hard to make the presidential election appear “non controversial,” while it tried to get maxi-

mum support for its candidate. The strong reaction led by the PPP and PTI has already raised questions over the whole process. The PML-N itself has made the process controversial and the Election Commission further complicated the situation. Despite Chief Election Commissioner Justice (retd) Fakhruddin G Ebrahim’s position that election should have been held on August 6, and that he wanted to take this position in the Supreme Court, his views were defeated by a majority vote. There are whispered concerns about whether the upcoming president is going to be remote-controlled by the prime minister. This would be the opposite of the previous government where PRESIDENT, P29

Supreme Court Issues Contempt Notice to Imran Khan Islamabad: The Supreme

Court on Wednesday issued a contempt of court notice to cricket legendturned-politician Imran Khan and summoned him to appear before it on August 2, DawnNews reported. In a notice issued to the Pakistan Tehrik-i-Insaf (PTI) chief, the court has said that Mr Khan apparently had tried to incite hatred against the apex court in one of his interactions with the media. A three-judge bench of the Supreme Court, headed by Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, will hear the case on Friday. “Prima facie, it seems that he (Imran Khan) has started a deliberate campaign to scandalize the

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Eid al-Fitr on Thursday, August 8, 2013 Garden Grove, CA: A press release issued by The Fiqh Council of North America states: There is a possibility that the moon of Shawwal may not be sighted in the Eastern Hemisphere on Wednesday, August 7, 2013 and subsequently many Muslim countries may announce Eid al-Fitr on Friday, August 9th. For instance on Wednesday, August 7th, sunset at Makkah is 6:56 p.m. and moonset is at 7:07 p.m. The moon will stay on the Makkan horizon just for 11 minutes after the sunset. This may not be sufficient enough of a time period for the moon to be seen. The Fiqh Council of North America (FCNA) has already announced that Eid al-Fitr will be on Thursday, August 8, 2013. Following are the reasons for this decision: 1: The Astronomical New Moon is on August 6, 2013 (Tuesday) at 21:51 Universal Time. The moon will be almost 29 hours of age by the time it is on the Los Angeles, California horizon. It will stay in EID, P29

UK’s First Muslim MP Appointed Punjab Governor Is l a m a b a d :

Imran claimed the May 11 polls were badly rigged despite having been supervised by the judiciary and the Election Commission. His party will not seek a pardon and defend its case legally

Court and bring judges into hatred, ridicule or contempt. Thus, his above acts call for action for con-

tempt of court under Article 204 of the Constitution read with section 3 of the Contempt of Court Or-

dinance, 2003. Therefore, Notice be issued to him to appear on

IMRAN, P12

Britain’s first Muslim lawmaker, who once faced racist death threats from his opponents, has returned to his native Pakistan as governor of the country’s most populous province, he told Reuters on Wednesday. Mohammed Sarwar, a former member of Britain’s parliament representing the opposition Labor party, had to renounce his British citizenship to take on the largely ceremonial post in Punjab. He was officially appointed on Tuesday. “Everything that I have learnt in my time in Britain - the knowledge and how to run institutions - I can use it for the benefit of Pakistanis,” said Sarwar, 60, who was born in Punjab. GOVERNOR, P29


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OPINION

P4 – PAKISTAN LINK – AUGUST 2, 2013

Pakistan Link President

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n By Karamatullah K. Ghori Toronto, Canada

Nawaz Earns a B-Grade, To Date

W

ith all their well-known faults of character, the British had one sterling quality that stood them apart from the rest of the grubby colonizing crowd in its hay day: their uncanny ability to plumb the depth—or shallowness—of a man.

The ability to size a man’s potential for service to their imperial cause served the British Empire admirably. In the Jewel of their Crown, the prized possession of India, the British came to early recognition that its deeply stratified society had enormous potential to cater to the crown’s need for loyal Mandarins ready to give their best if only pampered and puffed up as a breed apart from the rest of the wogs. So they invented the Brown Sahib and made him the centerpiece of the British colonial ruling hierarchy. The rest is history. The Brown Sahib left his Gora counterpart miles behind in the exercise of raw, arrogant, power. The British also perfectly diagnosed the native temperament. Hence their famous description of the natives of India having the lowest boiling point in the world in temperament and sentiment. The Indians—or South Asians, lest I inadvertently treaded on some sensitive chauvinistic nerves among my valued readers—the British said, thought from their heart and not their mind. The Britons’ apt character diagnosis of their South Asian subjects came to my mind, instantly, after reading a raft of opinion pieces in major Pakistani news outlets and papers on their take of Nawaz Sharif ’s performance, to date, at the head of his third stint in power. What I couldn’t fail to perceive was their proclivity to jump to conclusions at the drop of the hat and write off Nawaz Sharif as a total failure as PM, making no allowance for the fact that the man has been in power for barely six to seven weeks. Let me candidly admit that I hold no brief for Nawaz; nor, by the same token, do I nurse a grudge against him. He’s a home-grown leader, with all the necessary, or unnecessary, foibles and in-built handicaps that come in tow with it. On the natural ability scale of leadership qualities, I would be doing my best if I give him anything more than 4. But what he lacks in God-given qualities of a leader, he more than makes up in his dogged determination to rise above his stature—call it, punching above his weight—and deliver as best as a mediocre would. That fierce doggedness to rise to the occasion and acquit himself to the best of the requirements, has been in steady display from day-one of his current, third, stint in office. Admit the fact that Nawaz, ruefully, has been dragging his feet on appointing people to some key positions, both at home and abroad. He hasn’t named an ambassador to Washington, the most important diplomatic assignment in the Pakistani almanac of diplomacy, and, by the same stroke, London, second only to Washington in its weight of importance and sensitivity. Why Nawaz is still shy of naming envoys to these top-most foreign posts is a mystery to one like me—a once-up-

on-a-time mandarin who knows the importance of attaching top-most priority to filling these positions. What is preventing Nawaz from put-

pundits and media barons and anchors have lost no time to start baying about the Nawaz government’s alleged grand-standing. They are

But what he lacks in God-given qualities of a leader, he more than makes up in his dogged determination to rise above his stature—call it, punching above his weight—and deliver as best as a mediocre would ting men of his trust, in these two prime embassies is turning out to be an enigma wrapped in a riddle. But Nawaz has made major— and thus far admirable—strides in two key directions of foreign policy initiatives: China and India. Only a knave or poltroon would underestimate the importance of good neighbourly ties with these two major neighbours of Pakistan: China and India—in that order. China has, time-and-again, been a true friend of Pakistan in real need. This column doesn’t have the capacity to encapsulate, even in brief, China’s sterling contribution to Pakistan. It’s one country that has stood by us, without wavering in both will and capacity to help, when here were no others ready to bail us out. Don’t think I’m exaggerating. For one who has served in a senior diplomatic position in China for three years, my word deserves to be taken with a grain of truth. Nawaz has moved with lightning speed to cultivate China’s new rulers. They may be new but they are not a bunch of novices. China has a uniquely intelligent and efficient system of grooming its leaders— from the grassroots to the pinnacle of power. They don’t come to power unless they have gone through the mill, literally. That, more than any other thing, explains a succession of leaders, in the past three decades who had accumulated portfolios of versatile experience in all facets of governance before stepping into the top slots. So Nawaz has, so far, shown, a canny ability in neighbourly initiatives by going to China within a month of regaining the office of PM and enlist China’s support in a raft of projects focused on dragging Pakistan out of the pits where Zardari’s kleptocracy had plunged the country in the past five years, and chart a clear course of recovery and emancipation, with Chinese assistance. Naysayers among the Pakistani

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caviling that scores of MoUs signed during Nawaz Sharif ’s five-day-long Chinese Yatra would wither on the vine and come to no fruition. These Pakistani Cassandras should be prepared to end up with a lot of egg on their faces. Pakistanis may be consumed by flights of fancy and go on sentimental journeys. However, the Chinese are known for their Sang Froid. They don’t indulge in the luxury of clutching at straws. They take a plunge into the water only after having taken its temperature and making sure they wouldn’t freeze. China has a visible stake in bringing Pakistan up to that level of performance and efficiency where its southern neighbour may, eventually, provide it with a shortcut to the waters of the Arabian Sea and become an efficient and viable corridor for accelerated movement of good to, and from, China across Pakistan. A similar, early, awakening on part of Nawaz in regard to India should be given the generous welcome it deserves. Indeed India is a tougher nut to crack than China. There is a history of not only deep-seated animosity and hostility but the two countries have also the dubious distinction of having missed a number of opportunities in the past to bury the hatchet. But Nawaz is right—and must be given credit for it—in making a fresh attempt to re-engage India and recalibrate the tools of engagements de-commissioned since the tragic events of Mumbai, circa, November, 2008. So it was a smart move for Nawaz to send a special emissary of his to Delhi to extend an invitation to Manmohan Singh to visit Pakistan at his earliest convenience. That ‘convenience’ may not happen anytime soon, given India’s own roster of problems and the impending general elections of 2014. But at least the point has been made that Pakistan is serious to break the logjam and thaw

the ice, as much as possible. The choice of my senior Foreign Service colleague and mentor, Mian Shehryar, as the emissary to Manmohan was impeccable. With his royal Bhopal roots and sterling pedigree the suave and dapper Mian Shehryar was the right man for the right job. He and Nawaz share more than a passion for cricket and good music. So the man from Lahore’s Raiwind hasn’t , quite, been wasting his time in hibernation of past so many years. He has learned the ropes of international diplomacy, to the satisfaction of those who know its importance in today’s globalvillage. On the domestic front, it’s still too early for performance evaluation, in the real sense of the term. But Nawaz’ priorities seem right. The electricity conundrum is more than that. It’s a hydra-headed monster, and Nawaz is no miracleman to slay the dragon in a flash. But coming up with a national power scheme for the next five years is a step in the right direction. Wiping out—at least for the time being—the lethal ‘circular debt’, running into something like 550 billion Rupees, was warranted and according it top priority is indicative that Nawaz is not mixing up his agenda items. Tackling the haemorrhaging PIA, the Steel Mills, the trudging Railways—and other money-gulping monsters of their ilk—is what he should be doing to stem the rot. But Zardari and his thuggish cabal have left behind an Augean Stables of corruption. Nawaz will have to invent a Hercules to clean up the monumental mess. Where he seems still at bay is in the context of Karachi, the city that holds the key to the success of his ambitious economic revival for Pakistan. Nawaz needs far more energy and determination to stem the rot in that perennially bleeding city than he has thus far manifested. Despatching Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar to Karachi, last week, may have been intended to send the right signal to the city’s tormentors that Islamabad may not be inclined to give them a free pass forever. But a much more robust action is needed. The thugs running berserk over Karachi are not the type that would be cowed down by Nisar’s tough words. Karachi has been in the clutches of terrorists and goons of political mafias for more than a decade. The Governor of Sindh is still the same old tribune of ‘Don’ Altaf. The Chief Minister, a crony and courtesan of Zardari, is an insult to the dignity of every intelligent denizen of Karachi. Between these GRADE, P29

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OPINION

P6 – PAKISTAN LINK – AUGUST 2, 2013 n By Dr Ali Hashim

W

Maryland

hile formulating a national policy towards the militant groups that have ravaged Pakistan’s landscape, it will make the task easier if we present the facts before our people and establish clearly whether the basic objectives of these groups are compatible with our own national interest.

Please note that the job at hand is to formulate Pakistan’s policy and not develop an understanding of the morality of the objectives of these groups or to make abstract value judgments as to whether they are good or bad in an absolute sense. For example, while discussing the case of the Sri Lankan Tamil tigers the international media always debated whether the movement and its tactics were justified on moralpolitical grounds and from time to time they either supported these elements and insisted that Sri Lanka negotiate with them, or described them as terrorists depending on their own preferences. This was not helpful to the Sri Lankan government and in fact confused Sri Lankan policy and hindered Sri Lanka from taking decisive action against these elements which had become a cancer to its own people. Perhaps a more interesting example, is that of the case of how Jordan under King Hussain the First, got rid of elements within it which had started becoming a threat to Jordan’s own existence. It may surprise

Smart Policies for Militant Dealing

the readers to learn that here our own Gen. Zia ul Haq, then a brigadier, helped them fight and destroy the Palestinian formations in Jordan in the 1970 Black September events there. The point I am trying to make is that while developing a strategy to safeguard its own interests Jordan did not have to de-legitimize the Palestinian movement. It only had to establish whether Palestinian formations within its borders were a threat to its own existence. Likewise in our case we need not establish whether the Taliban movement or the activities of the Jihadi outfits are justified on political or moral grounds or whether or not the outfits that want to promulgate a Salafi brand of Islam in Pakistan are propagating the “correct” version of Islam. We only need to establish whether the activities of these groups are good or bad for the State of Pakistan. In view of this behavior, I think it is only fair to suggest that Pakistan should act in a similar rational manner if we see that their operational policy is detrimental to our own interests. We observe, for example, the Kashmiri Jihadi groups are friends of Pakistan only until such time that they feel that our policy is supportive of their goals. As recent times have shown, they can turn on the State at a moment’s notice or commit acts, such as the attack on the Indian Parliament in Delhi and the Taj Hotel in Bombay that can seriously endanger the very existence of Pakistan. It will be recalled that the second attack took place at a time

when Pakistan’s Foreign Minister was in Delhi, trying to negotiate a settlement of issues with India. The most recent example of this behavior was seen four months ago or so. We will recall that at this time the Army Chief, Gen. Pervez Kayani, made a very important speech wherein he stated that perhaps the time has come for Pakistan to start viewing the internal threat from the militant groups within the country as the more crucial one than that on the eastern borders with India. That was the first time that any Army Chief, in my memory, had made such a threat assessment. It also needs to be noted that he had done that in the continuum of improving relations with India over

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the previous few months. However, within two weeks of this statement incidents started re-occurring at the LOC in Kashmir. One, in which Kashmiri Jihadi groups were suspected, was particularly serious where the heads of two captured Indian soldiers were decapitated and their bodies mutilated. This caused an immediate cessation of all friendly overtures and the two sides quickly retreated to their previous hard-line postures closing all avenues of rapprochement, at least for the near term. It is therefore clear that these groups will try to make sure that Pakistan does not have peace on its eastern borders until such time that their own interests are met in accordance with

their wishes. The Taliban and their affiliates too have behaved similarly. In the wake of the Pakistan Army operations against them in the Tribal areas, they have carried out several attacks on Pakistan Army and ISI establishments where they have tried to kill officers and soldiers. However, what is more important to note is that in addition to these attacks, they have also attacked some of Pakistan’s key strategic military assets. Examples are their attacks on the 11 French engineers in front of the Sheraton, Karachi, several years ago. These engineers were engaged in building an Augusta class submarine at the Pak Navy Dockyard in Karachi – a submarine which is equipped with Exocet missiles which are nuclear-capable. This was followed by the more recent attacks on the Pak Navy – Mehran - and Air Force – Kamrah - bases where they destroyed PC3 Orion aircraft which are used by the Navy to detect and combat a submarine threat and AWAC like aircrafts which are used by the Air Force to detect an airborne threat at a distance of several hundred miles. It needs to be noted that none of these assets could be used against the Taliban in the Pakistan Army’s move against them in the tribal areas and KPK. This shows clearly that the Taliban’s interest in these attacks was to weaken the very State of Pakistan and not merely extract revenge against the army for moving against their compatriots. Most likely, they had help from outside interests who would like to see the military capacity of Pakistan downgraded

DEALING, P29


OPINION

AUGUST 2, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P7

n By Dr Mohammad Taqi

I

Florida

ndian cinema is celebrating its centenary this year but also mourns one of its most unforgettable icons this month. For nearly 60 out of those 100 years, Pran had remained an imposing presence on theatre screens first as the villain’s villain and then as a memorable character actor. He died on July 12 in Mumbai. Unlike many of his movies that end with the end of his vile screen character, the history of cinema will continue with Pran perched atop not just his genre but also prominently in the pantheon of the film greats of all time.

Born Pran Krishen Sikand on February 12, 1920 in an affluent Punjabi household of the Galli Saudagran, Mohallah Ballimaran, Old Delhi, he moved to Lahore when his employer, the photography enterprise A Das and Company, opened its franchise there. His father Lala Keval Krishen Sikand’s engineering job-related postings took the young Pran to various parts of North India including the Rampur State where he did his matriculation. It possibly was this schooling that gave Pran a firm command over not just the Urdu language but its poetry repertoire also. He would have his script written in Urdu and occasionally had difficulty pronouncing chaste Hindi words correctly. Manoj Kumar who directed Pran in the 1967 nationalist-themed ‘Upkar’ says that he had to transliterate certain Hindi words for Pran in Urdu. But through the exposure to a variety of people and cultures during those travels with his father, perhaps Pran absorbed the diversity needed for his success as a versatile actor. Pran’s big break came through the Dalsukh M Pancholi writer Wali Muhammad Wali who spotted the 19-year old chewing paan at a certain Ram Lubhaya’s paan shop in pre-partition Lahore. Pran stated later that both he and Wali were a bit tipsy and when the latter insisted on getting him a role in a Pancholi Studios picture, he nodded yes just to get the pestering man off his back. Pran did not show up at the studios next day, perhaps the only time he behaved unprofessionally in his film career. Perchance Wali spotted him again at a movie theatre later and scolded him with choice expletives in Punjabi. Pran eventually went to the studios but was still unsure about joining. When Pancholi virtually told him to take it or leave it, Pran caved in and the rest is history. He was cast in the Punjabi film Yamla Jatt opposite Anjana in which Madam Noor Jehan also appeared as Baby Noor Jehan. The dapper young man with the Errol Flynn-style moustache and the characteristic menacing glower when chewing paan clicked in the negative role. He would go on

‘... And Pran’

to browbeat the screen heroes and audiences alike. Pancholi also gave Pran his first break as a hero in Urdu/Hindi Khandan, with Madam Noor Jehan as the female lead this time. The film, written by Syed Imtiaz Ali Taj and directed by Shaukat Hussain Rizvi who later married Madam Noor Jehan, listed ‘Pran Krishna’ as the lead on its poster. But over the years the reduction simply to his first name became so distinctive that hundreds of film credits listed him only as Pran. A fan even thought that his name was ‘... And Pran’! The great

If there was a match for Pran’s command over voice, facial expression and body language it was Dilip Kumar, with whom he also shared his love of Urdu and its diction Bunny Rueben thus titled his monumental biography ...and Pran. On the eve of partition, the Lahore-based actor was in Indore to celebrate his son’s birthday when communal riots broke out. He had obviously been aware of the deteriorating situation and used to carry a Rampuri chaqu (knife) on him but the magnitude of the madness was such that he could not return to Lahore. With over 20 films already under his belt, he moved to Mumbai (then Bombay) looking for a second break that, after many disappointments, finally came courtesy recommendations from his friend the actor Shyam and Saadat Hasan Manto, whom Pran had befriended in Lahore.

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Pran was signed up, along with two other Lahore alumni Dev Anand and Kamini Kaushal, for the Bombay Talkies’ movie Ziddi (1948). Ziddi’s story was written by Ismat Chughtai and it was directed by her husband Shahid Lateef. There was no looking back for the best bad guy that the popular Hindi cinema was to ever have. A career spanning six decades and some 400 movies pitched Pran opposite Dadamoni Ashok Kumar and the Raj Kapoor, Dev Anand and Dilip Kumar triumvirate — in nine films with each — and eventually with the other greats like Amitabh Bachchan. While he clearly excelled at character roles in the second phase of his career starting with the memorable Malang Chacha in Upkar (1967) and culminating with Sher Khan in Zanjeer (1975), both featuring Manna Dey’s awesome song numbers, Pran took screen villainy to new heights. Pran picked up where the late KN Singh had left and turned the anti-hero into the third stem of the tripod, at par with the hero and heroine, on which the success formula of the Hindi cinema rested. The dacoit Raaka in Raj Kapoor’s Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai (1960) remains perhaps Pran’s best performance followed closely by the menacing sadist Thakur Ramesh in Dil Diya Dard Liya (1966) and the vicious Gajendra in Ram aur Shyam (1967), both opposite Dilip Kumar. Pran, who used to do his own getup, picked the look he donned as Raaka from a newspaper picture of a slain dacoit and brought it back to life with his hairdo, costume and mannerisms complete with the signature raised brow and a finger-swipe around his neck as if subconsciously loosening the hangman’s inevitable noose. Whether swashbuckling with Dilip Kumar or as the tormentor whipping the Thespian to pulp, Pran was at an astounding ease. Pran, like Dilip Kumar, never took acting lessons or performed on stage. But if there was a match for Pran’s command over voice, facial expression and body language it was Dilip Kumar, with whom he also shared his love of Urdu and its diction. Amitabh Bachchan had written that “screen villainy is a thankless job which Pran Saab accepted and carried out with such a degree of perfection that he became the actor the entire nation loved to hate. That indeed was the measure of his extraordinary success.” In a cinematic tradition entrenched in mythology and folklore, Pran came to be seen as the ultimate antagonist. His is an ultimate success story from a photographer to India’s highest civil award Padma Bhushan. Pran concluded his biography with the Urdu verse: Guzray huay zamanay ka ab tazkirah hi kya/Achha guzar gaya, bohat achha guzar gaaya But you will be fondly remembered Pran Saab, RIP! (The writer can be reached at mazdaki@me.com and he tweets @mazdaki)


OPINION

P8 – PAKISTAN LINK – AUGUST 2, 2013

Musharraf’s Trial

n By Syed Kamran Hashmi Westfield, IN

I

magine, we slaughter a pig strictly according to the Islamic principles complying with all the rules and regulations. After that, some people start debating if its meat was kosher for them or not. One of us asks if the butcher was a Muslim. The other enquires if he had recited the correct verse. Someone raises concern if the slaughterhouse was clean enough. Yet another mentions if the knife was held in the right direction, if it was adequately sharp to avoid pain, if it severed the vessels all at once, and if the animal met the age criterion. But during this quarrel, nobody objected to the real concern about eating pork, the same old dirty swine whose meat has been strictly forbidden. What would be your response in that situation? I guess you would say ludicrous, pathetic, unacceptable or foolish, simply because all of us know that regardless of the precautions we may undertake, we cannot legitimize pig’s meat as per Islamic teachings.

Discussing the legality of a parliament that comes into being during a dictatorial regime puts us in the same situation. We all know that no matter what a dictator does or says to manifest his impartiality, no matter how he tries to justify the inherent flaw in the electoral process under his regime, no matter how honest his cabinet members are, and no matter how well the economy is doing, he cannot allow the formation of an assertive, independent

and a powerful legislative assembly, the same institution that he had overthrown just a few years ago. Indeed, he needs a rubber stamp parliament irrespective of people’s will to legitimize his illegal rule. And to obtain the desired results, he corrupts the whole system by promoting only those politicians who are dishonest, incompetent, unscrupulous and/or unpopular. He uses all the state machinery — intelligence agencies, accountability bureau and military apparatus — to help them win, and scare away the popular leadership, causing them to lose. In the end, the party he supports comes into power, while others sit in the opposition. We have all witnessed these events in the nonpartisan elections of 1985, and then with the formation of the ‘King’s party’ in 2002. As we know, the first objective of the dictator after the elections is to have an ineffective prime minister so that the real power does not escape the presidential palace. His second objective is to bludgeon the members of the nonrepresentative assembly into passing a constitutional amendment and legalize his actions of overthrowing a political government. Lastly, he wants to keep the right to dissolve that National Assembly yet again if he thinks the legislature is crossing the boundaries. In short, the will of the people gets represented by a rigged parliament in his regime; it then passes an unconstitutional amendment and that amendment is approved by the judges who have already legalized an illegal action. The situation gets further complicated by the fact that one of the army

chiefs abrogated the constitution twice. Second time it was an assault on the judiciary while the non-representative assembly of 2002-07 endorsed his actions through a non-binding parliamentary resolution. This time in 2007, taking a complete U-turn, some of the members

We can get help from Germany with its experience in setting up such a panel and the members can be picked from countries with minimum political interest in Pakistan like Ghana, Malaysia, Indonesia, South Africa and even the Philippines of the apex court who approved his actions in 1999, now went totally against him. In this case, application of constitutional articles regarding the misconduct of judges would be even harder to implement because the cases against the judiciary will be heard by those judges who themselves have been either a part of the process or were inducted by the ones whose conduct is in question.

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The solution to such a complicated problem cannot be solved only with an act of parliament, a decision by the apex court or even a referendum to obtain public opinion because of everyone’s past associations. If we opt to brush the issue under the carpet and not take any

SAM AWAN

www.PakistanLink.com

action, it would keep on emerging as a political slogan to malign all political parties, constitutional institutions and state organizations. Thus, it is imperative to resolve this problem and move forward as a nation. In my opinion, to maintain neutrality and transparency, we need to formulate a nonpartisan, independent and powerful (trial) commission with-

out any Pakistani citizen as a member. Pakistanis will always be controversial; judges are related to politicians who have relatives in the army who have cousins in the bureaucracy who have been married in political families and so on. In short, everyone can be somehow rendered disputable, disreputable and culpable. We will have to put such a council together carefully with the agreement (not necessary approval) of the military leadership and the judges. With that we also have to address their concerns regarding national security and the maintenance of discipline in their organizations. We can get help from Germany with its experience in setting up such a panel and the members can be picked from countries with minimum political interest in Pakistan like Ghana, Malaysia, Indonesia, South Africa and even the Philippines. We should particularly avoid the United States, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, the United Kingdom and Iran to avoid controversy. We would need to give a clear mandate to the commission, a timeframe to complete its job and set realistic expectations about its power to undo history. For sure, it will be a messy and uneasy process. There will be moments when everyone would regret the formation of such a powerful body, but probably only in this manner can the unclean animal of military dictatorship be legitimized and the nation is finally able to move forward. (The writer is a US-based freelance columnist. He tweets at @KaamranHashmi and can be reached at skamranhashmi@gmail.com)


OPINION

AUGUST 2, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P9

Despite US-Pak Differences USAID Program Retains Momentum n By Salahuddin Haider

I

Karachi, Pakistan

nquisitive as I was to know whether the USAID program too was struck by the high and low in the political perceptions of Islamabad and Washington, I met the Deputy Mission Director of the USAID program in Karachi, collected facts and figures, and felt convinced after analyzing these that the economic and social development program of the United States for Pakistan has continued unhindered, which in many ways was satisfying for me, and perhaps, for many others too.

Voices raised in the past, and continuing till date from weaker to powerful quarters for reviewing the bilateral ties because of the drone attacks within Pakistani territories, do have their own purpose, but US officials do emphasize unhesitatingly that their international aid program has benefitted Pakistan in major sectors like energy, education, economic growth, health and stabilization of infrastructure in Khyber Pukhtoonkhaw province. Facts speak for themselves. The US Aid is the second largest in Pakistan, totaling $ 3.5 billion since 2009 with another $ 800 million in the pipeline for the current year. At government-togovernment levels, some 40 percent of this has been through federal and provincial establishments. The USAID deputy chief in Karachi, Leon Stephen Waskin, nicknamed Skip, felt genuinely proud for being involved with such a marvelous assignment. He is responsible for Sindh and Balochistan areas, but did shed some light on the overall activities of his organization at the national level. He was happy that economic growth largely focused on the energy sector, which Pakistan badly needs to develop to end its chronic shortages, a constant irritant to the ordinary people and small, medium and large size industries, and often causing street agitation, which is indisputably a matter of deep concern for the government in Pakistan and anywhere else. Other programs worth the name included diary projects in Southern Punjab and Northern Sindh, agri-business support fund for improving production, horticulture, and larger market approaches for domestic and international purposes. Then there was the rehabilitation of 2.7 million families in Tarbela, Jamshoro, and Muzafargarh, near Multan. In real terms, this would provide relief to 14 million souls considering that each family

n By Ismail Khan

A

Peshawar, Pakistan

n official strategy document on counter-terrorism by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has warned that victory by the Afghan Taliban will further boost the morale of the Pakistani Taliban and it is erroneous to believe that militancy in Pakistan will end automatically with the withdrawal of foreign forces from neighboring Afghanistan.

The assessment, contained in KP’s Home and Tribal Affairs Department’s 35-page ‘Checkmating Terrorism: A Counter-Terrorism Strategy’ document has gained currency in recent times. Participants in back-to-back meetings to mull formulation of a counter-terrorism policy last month pressed Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif to take civilmilitary control of the Afghan policy to pre-empt the fallout of post-US withdrawal from Afghanistan. “I think, there was an agreement,” Khalid Aziz, head of the Regional Institute of Policy Research and Training, who attended one such meeting, said. “Exit (of foreign forces) does not mean the cause of action will disappear (for our militants). There will be a new push for the enlargement of influence in Balochistan, KP and Fata. “Our miseries begin with the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan. The prognosis is bad but this is what it is. This is the writing on the wall.” Prime Minister Sharif was also cautioned against embracing the militants’ talk-for-peace offer on face value. “Don’t let your fingers burn,” Mr Aziz quoted a participant

fully would be like writing a history book, but just separating education from the rest, for the present, would perhaps give a bird’s eye view of how investment can be made for a bright future. Recognizing that education was the key to future prosperity and economic growth, one of the many publications of the organization, working here since decades, does acknowledge that Pakistan needed a workforce with the knowledge and skills to compete in today’s global market. Millions of school-age children in this country do not receive basic education, resulting in a literacy rate lower than the regional average. A sad state of affair because these facts are sifted by UNESCO and cannot be discounted as fiction. Many schools are in disrepair and many teachers need training. Pakistanis at all income levels need better access to higher education. Unlocking every child’s full potential with quality education is one of the top assistance priorities of the United States. The USAID goal is to help 3.2 million children read at or above their grade levels. The two countries are working together to create two- and four-year accredited degree programs at 90 teachers colleges and universities. More than 2,600 future teachers are currently enrolled in these programs and some 1,900 of the talented ones have been awarded scholarships. These publications do furnish considerable insight into how the US funds the largest Fulbright academic exchange program in the world in Pakistan. Almost 900 Pakistani students have studied in American universities, and another 10,600 low income students have attended college at home as a result of US-funded scholarships. Centers for advanced studies at three The US funds large-scale infrastructure efforts that, by 2013, are expected Pakistani universities are being established to focus on applied research in agriculture, energy and water. Yet another important to add 900 megawatts to the national power grid — equivalent to 20 percent of the country’s energy shortfall and enough energy to power two program is funded to the extent of $155 million to support the million households and businesses government of Sindh’s basic education program. This includes up to $ 81 million for the construction of 120 averaged 6 persons. The United States help has also come for the Gomal Zam schools in seven districts of Sindh and five towns of Karachi. Dam project, and by way of training thousands of linemen for This will advance the Sindh government’s school reform policy the grid station safety program. Also it has been working with to merge and consolidate schools and to reconstruct flood-dampower generation companies to improve their efficiency. The aged schools. Yet another $ 4 million is meant to repair and rehabilitate Hyderabad Company, commonly called HESCO, is a case in point. Besides, there is the Bhasha Dam, and some $ 20 million schools damaged in the 2011 floods in the four Sindh districts of for conducting feasibilities for the government’s program of in- Mirpur Khas, Sanghar, Umerkot and Tando Allahyar. US ambasstalling thermal, coal, and solar energy projects. The choice is sador Richard Olson and Consul General Michael Dodman have left to the recipient, Skip, feeling happy to be addressed as such, visited some of these projects to keep themselves abreast of the revealed. progress of work in this undertaking. (To be continued) The program is so large and widespread that describing it - salluhaider@gmail.,com

KP Document Warns of US Withdrawal Fallout of the meetings as saying. He noted that Prime Minister’s Adviser on National Security Sartaj Aziz’s statement in Kabul that Pakistan did not have favorites in Afghanistan was a reflection of the realization dawning in Islamabad. It is not known if the all-powerful military establishment that continued to direct Pakistan’s Afghan policy since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan also holds the same view. At a background meeting with media early this year, a senior security official tried to push home the point that the Afghan Taliban would look towards Kabul once they became part of the political dispensation, and the Pakistani Taliban would start looking towards Islamabad, implying that the nexus between the two ideological twins would sever once foreign troops left Afghanistan. But some government officials warn that while Pakistan seems to be preparing itself for a possible civil war and chaos in Afghanistan in the absence of a political settlement in the post-US withdrawal scenario, there is still no understanding about the likely implications for Pakistan if the Afghan Taliban gain full or partial control in their country. “A part of the common discourse on the issue to which a substantial portion of our intelligentsia, political leadership and ‘other stakeholders’ subscribe is that militancy would cease in Pakistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa once foreign troops leave Afghanistan and militants (in Pakistan) would then lay down arms to lead normal lives,” says the 35-

page paper. “This is a fallacy. It will not happen and it is not difficult to understand why,” says the document prepared by the Home & Tribal Affairs Department. It was approved by the ANP-led cabinet but ironically remains unimplemented. The Afghan Taliban enjoy ‘strategic depth’ in Fata and the Pakistani militants because of the ideological, material and coordination linkages with the Afghan Taliban have acquired strategic depth in Afghanistan, the document says. Attacks from across the border by Pakistani militants enjoying shelter there are a case in point, it says. The US-led foreign troop withdrawal will create a sense of euphoria among the Taliban in Afghanistan and the TTP-led militants in Pakistan for their perceived triumph in forcing foreign troops to leave.

www.PakistanLink.com

“Why would the Afghan Taliban provide strategic depth to Pakistanbased militants is not difficult to understand? Ideologically, Taliban do not recognize state boundaries. For them it is Darul Hurb vs. Darul Islam and there are no boundaries within Darul Islam and “fighters in the way of Allah” are to be welcomed. That the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan – an umbrella organization of the Pakistani militant groups – takes its relationship with the Afghan Taliban seriously was evident recently when it sacked its chief spokesman Ihsanullah Ihsan for making statements against the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. The document says that the Afghan Taliban would be bound to help Pakistani militants due to numerous ideological, ethnic, religious and financial linkages developed between them for decades and the sup-

port that was extended to them both in men and material terms in their struggle against foreign forces’ presence in Afghanistan. “Wishing the militants away would not make them disappear,” Azam Khan, the principal architect of the strategy document and secretary of Home & Tribal Affairs, cautions. “With the departure of the US troops, the TTP and its multiple partners will pursue their ‘jihad’ with renewed vigor under the banner for setting up a true Islamic Caliphate in Pakistan.” “There is no on-off switch button. You can’t unplug Pakistani militants from their ideological battlehardened brethren from across the border,” Azam Khan maintains. The already well-trained and organised with specialized wings for finance, training, operations and justice, Pakistani militants would surely replicate the successful tactics of the Afghan Taliban in their struggle against the Pakistani state and the democratic dispensation which they deem un-Islamic, it says. The document warns that hostile agencies would also like to exploit the situation. “That the waters have become quite murky thereby enabling foreign intelligence agencies to fish in these troubled waters, compounding the matter further to the peril of the Pakistani state, is a logical manifestation of facts on ground in the areas. “We find ourselves in a complex situation. Wisdom demands that we prepare ourselves for the worst,” Home Secretary Azam Khan said. “The strategy document was prepared after long and hard analysis of the aims, tactics and modus FALLOUT, P29


OPINION

P10 – PAKISTAN LINK – AUGUST 2, 2013

Burka Avenger: Pakistan’s Female Superhero n By Riaz Haq

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CA

antheon of women superheros has a new entry from Pakistan - the Burka Avenger, a mild mannered schoolteacher who fights feudal villains and terrorists getting in the way of girls’ education.

The cartoon series in Urdu will begin airing on Pakistan’s most-watched GeoTV channel in August this year. It has been conceived by one of Pakistan’s best-known pop stars, Aaron Haroon Rashid, to emphasize the importance of girls’ education and teach children other lessons, such as tolerance and concern for the environment. It appears that the series is inspired by the story of Malala Yousufzai, a Pakistan teenage school-girl who miraculously survived an assassination attempt by the Taliban in Swat valley last year. Malala has since become an international icon for girls’ education worldwide. The United Nations declared Malala’s 16th birthday this year on July 12 as Malala Day to focus on girls’ education. “Each one of our episodes is centered around a moral, which sends out strong social messages to kids,” Rashid told The Associated Press in his first interview about the show. “But it is cloaked in pure entertainment, laughter, action and adventure.”

Q

uestion 1: For months before the Attack on Parliament, both the government and the police had been saying that Parliament could be attacked. On 12 December 2001, at an informal meeting the Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee warned of an imminent attack on Parliament. On 13 December Parliament was attacked. Given that there was an ‘improved security drill’, how did a car bomb packed with explosives enter the parliament complex?

Question 2: Within days of the attack, the Special Cell of Delhi Police said it was a meticulously planned joint operation of Jaish-eMohammad and Lashkar-e- Toiba . They said the attack was led by a man called ‘Mohammad’ who was also involved in the hijacking of IC814 in 1998. (This was later refuted by the CBI.) None of this was ever proved in court. What evidence did the Special Cell have for its claim? Question 3: The entire attack was recorded live on Close Circuit TV (CCTV). Congress Party MP Kapil Sibal demanded in Parliament that the CCTV recording be shown to the members. He was supported by the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha, Najma Heptullah, who said that there was confusion about the details of the event. The chief whip of the Congress Party, Priyaranjan Dasmunshi, said, ‘I counted six men getting out of the car. But only five were killed. The close circuit TV camera recording clearly showed the six men.’ If Dasmunshi was right, why did the police say that there were only five people in the car? Who was the sixth person? Where is he now? Why was the CCTV recording not produced by the prosecution as evidence in the trial? Why was it not

Responding to a question about the choice of burqa, Rashid said, “It’s not a sign of oppression. She is using the burqa to hide

probably wouldn’t have worked in Pakistan,” Rashid added. The series is set in Halwapur, a fictional

The series is set in Halwapur, a fictional town nestled in the soaring mountains and verdant valleys of northern Pakistan, according to The Associated Press. The Burka Avenger’s real identity is Jiya, whose father, Kabbadi Jan, taught her karate which she uses to defeat her enemies her identity like other superheroes”. “Since she is a woman, we could have dressed her up like Catwoman or Wonder Woman, but that

town nestled in the soaring mountains and verdant valleys of northern Pakistan, according to The Associated Press. The Burka

Avenger’s real identity is Jiya, whose father, Kabbadi Jan, taught her karate which she uses to defeat her enemies. When not dressed as her alter ego, Jiya does not don a burqa, or even a headscarf to cover her hair. The main villains are Vadero Pajero, a balding, corrupt politician who wears a dollar sign-shaped gold medallion around his neck, and Baba Bandook, an evil man with a bushy black beard and mustache who is drawn to resemble a Taliban commander. Caught in the crossfire are the show’s main child characters: Ashu and her twin brother Immu and their best friend Mooli, who loves munching radishes alongside his pet goat, Golu. Other major stars featured in Burka Avenger series include Ali Zafar, Ali Azmat and Josh band members. Like other series featuring major superheroes, the series will be promoted through mobile apps, video games, music videos and other merchandise in Pakistan. The series is an indication that Pakistan’s mass media is getting serious about major issues confronting the country. It is a very timely effort to address two major issues Pakistan faces: Girls education and terrorism. The two issue are intertwined because the Taliban terrorists are among the biggest obstacles to educating girls in Pakistan, particularly in the nation’s north western region infested by the Taliban. Series such as these have the potential to bring about a social revolution in Pakistan.

Arundati Puts forward 13 Questions in Her Book on the Parliament Attack of Dec 13 in India released for public viewing? Question 4: Why was Parliament adjourned after some of these questions were raised? Question 5: A few days after 13 December, the government declared that it had ‘incontrovertible evidence’ of Pakistan’s involvement in the attack, and announced a massive mobilization of almost half a million soldiers to the Indo- Pakistan border. The subcontinent was pushed to the brink of nuclear war. Apart from Afzal’s ‘confession’, extracted under torture (and later set aside by the Supreme Court), what was the ‘incontrovertible evidence’? Question 6: Is it true that the military mobilization to the Pakistan border had begun long before the 13 December Attack? Question 7: How much did this military standoff, which lasted for nearly a year, cost? How many soldiers died in the process? How many soldiers and civilians died because of mishandled landmines, and how many peasants lost their homes and land because trucks and tanks were rolling through their villages, and landmines were being planted in their fields? Question 8: In a criminal investigation it is vital for the police to show how the evidence gathered at the scene of the attack led them to the accused. How did the police reach Mohammad Afzal? The Special Cell says S.A.R. Geelani led them to Afzal. But the message to look out for Afzal was actually flashed to the Srinagar Police before Geelani was arrested. So how did the Special Cell connect Afzal to the 13 December Attack? Question 9: The courts acknowledge that Afzal was a surrendered militant who was in regular contact with the security forces, particularly the Special Task Force

(STF) of Jammu & Kashmir Police. How do the security forces explain the fact that a person under their surveillance was able to conspire in a major militant operation? Question 10: Is it plausible that

was under constant police surveillance, as the principal link for a major operation? Question 11: In his statement before the court, Afzal says that he was introduced to ‘Mohammed’ and

A few days after 13 December, the government declared that it had ‘incontrovertible evidence’ of Pakistan’s involvement in the attack, and announced a massive mobilization of almost half a million soldiers to the Indo- Pakistan border. The subcontinent was pushed to the brink of nuclear war. Apart from Afzal’s ‘confession’, extracted under torture (and later set aside by the Supreme Court), what was the ‘incontrovertible evidence’? organizations like Lashkar-e- Toiba or Jaish-e-Mohammed would rely on a person who had been in and out of STF torture chambers, and

www.PakistanLink.com

instructed to take him to Delhi by a man called Tariq, who was working with the STF. Tariq was named in the police charge sheet. Who is

Tariq and where is he now? Question 12: On 19 December 2001, six days after the Parliament Attack, Police Commissioner, Thane (Maharashtra), S.M. Shangari identified one of the attackers killed in the Parliament Attack as Mohammad Yasin Fateh Mohammed (alias Abu Hamza) of the Lashkar-e-Toiba , who had been arrested in Mumbai in November 2000, and immediately handed over to the J&K Police. He gave detailed descriptions to support his statement. If Police Commissioner Shangari was right, how did Mohammad Yasin, a man in the custody of the J&K Police, end up participating in the Parliament Attack? If he was wrong, where is Mohammad Yasin now? Question 13: Why is it that we still don’t know who the five dead ‘terrorists’ killed in the Parliament Attack are? (Arundhati Roy is an Indian author and political activist who is best known for the 1998 Man Booker Prize for Fiction winning novel The God of Small Things (1997) and for her involvement in environmental and human rights causes. In an interview with the Times of India published in August 2008, Arundhati Roy expressed her support for the independence of Kashmir from India after massive demonstrations in favor of independence took place—some 500,000 separatists rallied in Srinagar in the Kashmir part of Jammu and Kashmir state of India for independence on 18 August 2008, following the Amarnath land transfer controversy. According to her, the rallies were a sign that Kashmiris desire secession from India, and not union with India. She was criticized by Indian National Congress (INC) and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) for her remarks.)


PAKISTAN

AUGUST 2, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P11

PPP Presses for Resignation of Chief Election Commissioner Islamabad: Syed Khurshid Ahmed Shah, Leader of Opposition in the National Assembly, has called for the resignation of the chief election commissioner and all four members of the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) for “failing to protect their independence”. Talking to Dawn on Saturday, the PPP leader said his party would raise the issue of the “partiality” allegedly shown by the ECP in the lead-up to the presidential election during sessions of the National Assembly and Senate on Monday. Sources in the PPP told Dawn that the opposition members would lodge a protest in the two houses through points of order. The sources said leaders of the opposition in the NA and Senate, Syed Khurshid Shah and Chaudhry Aitzaz Ahsan, would raise the matter and explain the reason for the party’s decision to boycott the presidential election after the Supreme Court allowed the ECP to advance the polling date to July 30 from Aug 6 at the PML-N’s request. “The chief election commissioner, along with all the four members, should immediately resign,” said Mr Shah, who was head of the parliamentary committee that had approved the appointments of retired Justice Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim as the CEC and the other ECP members. He said through the 18th and 20th amendments, the ECP had been made a powerful and independent institution, but regretted that it had abdicated its powers and independence. “The May 11 elections were RO (returning officers) elections and the presidential elec-

“The chief election commissioner, along with all the four members, should immediately resign,” said Mr Shah, who was head of the parliamentary committee that had approved the appointments of retired Justice Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim as the CEC and the other ECP members

tion is the chief RO election,” he alleged. The PPP leader said his party would never accept the results of the “manipulated presidential election” and continue to raise its voice against the alleged “nexus between the PML-N government, the ECP and the courts”. Mr Shah also lashed out at the PML-N for seeking the Muttahida’s support for its presidential candidate. “In my speech in the assembly (on Monday), I will congratulate Mian Sahab (PM Nawaz Sharif) for joining hands with the MQM and remind him about a resolution which the PML-N had moved in an all-party conference in London

terming the MQM a terrorist party,” he said. Mr Shah said since the PPP had announced boycott of the presidential election, its members would not attend sessions of the provincial assemblies and the parliament on the polling day. A PPP senator told Dawn that his party would also raise other issues of public importance in the Senate. Farhatullah Babar, a PPP Senator and the presidency’s spokesman, in a statement on Saturday again asked the government to provide complete details of the payment of Rs480 billion made to settle the circular debt of Rs503bn.

PML-N’s Nine-Zero Visit Irks Party Allies Karachi: The PML-N leadership in

Sindh has expressed its reservations over a possible alliance of their party with the MQM. Friday’s visit of a PML N delegation, led by Federal Finance Minister Ishaq Dar, to the MQM headquarters Nine Zero has sparked a debate within the PML–N’s provincial leadership. Mumtaz Bhutto, who has merged his Sindh National Front with the PML-N; Ghous Ali Shah, who heads the PML-N Sindh chapter; MPA Liaquat Ali Jatoi, Shafi Jamote and MNA Hakeem Baloch expressed their concerns over the development. “There is nothing wrong in visiting Nine Zero to seek support for the presidential candidate, but we will not accept if our party makes an alliance with the MQM without consulting us,” said Baloch, who had quit the PPP to join the PML-N. “I parted ways with the PPP because of this kind of approach. There will be no difference between the PML-N and the PPP if the former continues its policy by sidelining its workers and leaders in Sindh,” he added. Ghous Ali Shah, who was earlier tipped as the PML-N’s presidential candidate, said: “We will accept whatever decision is made by the party; but some of our party leaders and workers are asking why

Senators Demand CJ’s Resignation over ‘Biased’ Decision

The proceedings of the Senate were dominated by the Pakistan People’s Party-Parliamentarians (PPP-P) stalwarts, including opposition leader in Senate Chaudhry Aitzaz Ahsan, Raza Rabbani, Saeed Ghani and ANP Senators Haji Mohammad Adeel, Zahid Khan and others, who severely criticized the verdict of the Supreme Court on the presidential election

Islamabad: The senators on Monday came down hard on the verdict of the Supreme Court that changed the presidential election schedule from August 6 to July 30 and demanded resignation from Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry over what they termed a biased decision. The proceedings of the Senate were dominated by the Pakistan People’s Party-Parliamentarians (PPP-P) stalwarts, including opposition leader in Senate Chaudhry Aitzaz Ahsan, Raza Rabbani, Saeed Ghani and ANP Senators Haji Mohammad Adeel, Zahid Khan and others, who severely criticized the verdict of the Supreme Court on the presidential election. The opposition senators were of the view that the decision of the Supreme Court looks biased, which is not right for the apex court. Speaking on the occasion, ANP’s Senator Zahid Khan regretted that heads of different independent organizations (Supreme Court and ECP) consider themselves above the law. He said the track record of the chief justice of Pakistan is not good, “although we fought hard for the supremacy and restoration of judiciary”. Khan said setting

the schedule for the presidential election is the duty of the ECP, and the Supreme Court cannot change the schedule. The ANP senator claimed that the chief justice has became controversial and must resign from his post. Khan also said that the chief election commission of Pakistan also has to resign from his post. Zahid Khan said that despite the worst law and order situation, withdrawing security from ANP’s leaders in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Balochistan and Sindh is deplorable. “If it was withdrawn on the directives of the Supreme Court, or the prime minister, or the provincial governments, then an FIR will be registered against the person in whose area any incident occurs,” Khan said. Earlier, PPPP’s Senator Raza Rabbani said that his party contacted all opposition parties for fielding a joint candidate for the presidential election. But in the meantime, a petition was filed in the Supreme Court by the ruling party for the change of the election schedule and it was accepted and the election schedule was changed. “This decision was totally against the 18th, 19th and 20th amendments by parliament to strengthen the ECP,” the senator said.

Proceedings against Chief Justice in Supreme Judicial Council Sought Islamabad: A self-styled pro bono

Babar Ghori and Ishaq Dar embrace each other at the MQM Nine Zero Headquarters

decisions are being made without proper consultations.” He added that they were not against the party decision to invite the MQM to join the federal government, but this should have been done after proper intra-party consultations. Sources in the party said the PML-N team before arriving in Karachi had contacted Shah to inform him about their planned visit to Nine Zero, but he (Shah) excused himself, by saying that he was not

feeling well. It is worth mentioning here that a meeting was scheduled between the PML-N delegation and PML-F chief Pir Pagara, but the latter refused to meet them following reports of their planned visit to Nine Zero. Quoting Pir Pagara, a PML-F leader said, “We are a coalition partner of the PML-N government; therefore it must consult us on every issue pertaining to Sindh, otherwise our partnership is meaningless.”

www.PakistanLink.com

publico activist, Shahid Orakzai, has written a letter to the acting president and sought initiation of proceedings against Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry in the Supreme Judicial Council after accusing him of having “covert connection with the ruling PML-N”. In the letter sent on Saturday, Mr Orakzai said in the absence of the president it was for the chairman of Senate to initiate appropriate action. He said he would provide documentary evidence to establish various aspects of the conduct of the chief justice. He also said the election to the highest office of the state had “become the joke of the year”. Even a football club in England would not elect its president in the manner the president of the country was being elected in Pakistan. Mr Orakzai said that all efforts of parliament to secure the independence of the Election Commission

of Pakistan had been in vain and all amendments to the constitution to ensure free and fair elections had practically been neutralized. PARACHINAR FROM P13

Parachinar is also a neglected town, which is very far away from the people sitting in the power corridors in Islamabad and Peshawar. The president, prime minister, interior minister, governors, chief ministers, ministers and parliamentarians rush to affected areas and visit hospitals to express solidarity with the injured and the dead people’s families. However, tribal people are treated as second-class citizens. Engineer Shaukatullah, who is the agent to the president of Pakistan for Fata and an inhabitant of Bajaur Agency, did not bother to come out of the Governor’s House and inquire after victims of the twine blasts in Lady Reading Hospital in Peshawar. Even, the Civil Secretariat, Fata could not issue a press note about the incident.


PAKISTAN

P12 – PAKISTAN LINK – AUGUST 2, 2013

The Fall that Nearly Killed Me Possibly Saved My Life: Imran

File photo: Imran Khan with his son and former wife Jemima

London: “I had been told I was

number one on the terrorist hit-list, although who the terrorists would be was anybody’s guess. There are perhaps 25 militant groups, which now call themselves ‘Taliban’ and any one of them could have been hired by my political opponents,” said Imran Khan to a British newspaper. “There had already been damaging smears, including the claim that I was part of a Zionist conspiracy to take over Pakistan. It was a dangerous allegation, and one that sounds crazy given my vehement opposition to drone strikes and the

so-called ‘war on terror’. But the threat to my life was all too real. “It is an irony, then, that a serious assassination attempt was prevented only by an accident – and the fact that I spent the closing days of the Pakistan election campaign in a hospital bed. “The fall that nearly killed me quite possibly saved my life. “The British public might struggle to understand the energy and the chaos of that campaign. The meeting in Lahore where I fell in May was the first of nine separate rallies scheduled for that night. The following day I was supposed to be speaking

at a further 13, spaced along the old Grand Trunk Road from Lahore to Islamabad. About a quarter of Pakistani voters live along that route. “We were drawing massive crowds and I was getting mobbed. Thousands were coming to hear me speak on behalf of our party, the Pakistan Movement for Justice, and we didn’t have the means to handle the spontaneous exuberance of the crowds. We were losing control. The authorities had already warned me that my life was at risk, and I had been given the highest level of police security. “One safety measure was having me speak from a platform about 24ft above ground. This provided some protection from a potential bomb blast and also stopped passionate youths from climbing on to the stage. There were no steps, so instead a forklift truck was used to raise me up to the small platform to speak. “And this is how I nearly met my end. The fork-lift rose in a series of jerks and the security men surrounding me formed a barrier. This meant I could not see there wasn’t a guard rail around the platform. Losing my balance, I leant over to where I thought the safety barrier would be – and grasped at thin air. I somersaulted downwards, landing on my back from a height of about 18ft. The next thing I knew I was coming round in hospital, with doctors stitching up a head wound. “I also suffered a punctured lung, a crushed vertebra, three more chipped or fractured vertebrae, and concussion. I was lucky to be alive. My great fear as I lay there was that I was going to be paralyzed.”

Pakistan for Deep Political, Economic Ties with US Washington, DC: Pakistan is seeking deepened economic, trade and political ties with the United States despite differences over how to conduct joint antiterror efforts, says Minister for Planning and Development Ahsan Iqbal. In an interview to the Voice of America radio, the minister also said that close cooperation between the US and Pakistan was vital for a smooth security transition and stability in Afghanistan after 2014 when most American troops would leave that country. The interview precedes an expected visit by US Secretary of State John Kerry to Islamabad for talks on bilateral relations and Pakistan’s role in Afghanistan. Mr Iqbal conceded that Pakistan would be the first to suffer if a smooth political transition did not happen in Afghanistan and the country remained unstable. He recalled that the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan in the 1980s and subsequent civil war in the 1990s had caused up to four million Afghans to seek refuge in Pakistan. The minister noted that about three million refugees still lived in Pakistan, causing a strain on the national economy. The dislocated population, he said, was also partly responsible for the rise in militancy on both sides of the border. That’s why, Mr Iqbal said, Pakistan needed to work very closely with the United States and other Nato countries so that this transition could be managed in a peaceful manner. “My greatest worry is not just 2014, but post-2014 because in the last 10 years there was a big war economy which was constructed in Afghanistan and, as the [foreign] forces and the military withdraw from Afghanistan, this war economy will collapse and this is going to cause many dislocations,” he warned. “Now again, if there is an influx of Afghan refugees or unemployed Afghan youth who come to Pakistan, we would have very serious implications.”

Intelligence Agency Had Warned of Jailbreak Attempt Islamabad: If it was for intelligence information, Dera Ismail Khan’s Central Prison debacle should not have happened. On July 27, a letter marked “secret” and “most immediate” by the country’s intelligence agency addressed to the commissioner, deputy commissioner, deputy inspector general of police, district police officer and the superintendent of Dera Ismail Khan central jail, stated: “It has been reliably learnt that miscreants namely Umer Khitab and his associates affiliated with Gandapur Group/TTP are planning to carry out terrorist attack against Central Jail – Dera Ismail Khan on the pattern similar to Bannu jailbreak in near future. According to information, miscreants are in possession of sketch/map of Jail and have reached in the vicinity of Dera Ismail Khan for this purpose.” The letter went out the day skirmishes broke out inside the prison between prisoners and guards, which say some security officials, was probably the day the attack could have been launched. To ensure that the letter reached its destination, properly signed receipts were also obtained from offices of the respective officers mentioned in the letter. The warning was followed by another demarche to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa the following day, on July 28, from the National Crisis Management Cell, Ministry of Interior, Islamabad. The letter marked “secret” and “most immediate” “Threat Alert 699,” said: “It has been learnt through reliable source that Umer Khitab, along with TTP elements, is planning to carry out Bannu jailbreak-like attack on Dera Ismail Khan Central Prison and for this purpose, the group has reached the vicinity of Dera Ismail Khan.” The letter went to the KP Home

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IMRAN FROM P1

2.8.2013 and explain as to why proceedings as envisaged by above provisions of the Constitution and law be not initiated against him. Notice be also issued to the learned Attorney General for Pakistan,” said the notice. On July 26, while addressing media representatives outside the Parliament House in Islamabad, Khan had said that his party had taken an active part in the movement to restore deposed judges of the higher judiciary during former military ruler Gen (retd) Pervez Musharraf ’s regime. However, he claimed that the May 11 polls were badly rigged despite having been supervised by the judiciary and the Election Commission. Pakistan’s Attorney General Munir A. Malik has also been summoned to appear before the bench with related records on Friday. Meanwhile, PTI’s senior leader Shafqat Mehmood has said the party will not seek a pardon and defend its case legally.

Balochistan CM Announces Peace Talks with Militants Quetta:

Mr Iqbal said he saw strong ties with the United States, particularly in economy, energy and trade, as critical for Pakistan, adding that there were a number of US-funded projects in place as part of efforts to help Pakistan overcome its energy and power crisis. Mr Iqbal also rejected suggestions that the recent warming of Pakistan’s traditionally strong ties with neighboring China was meant to move away from the relationship with the United States. “There are some areas in which cooperation of US is not substitutable. For example, [the] United States is a major export market for Pakistan’s textile sector, and we would like to develop it further,” he said. “Similarly, the opportunity of learning in the universities of [the] US is also second to none. We would like more and more of our young boys and girls to have access to higher education in [the] US.” The United States, he noted, had been a major trading partner and investor in Pakistan and Islamabad would like to further enhance these ties.

Secretary, Peshawar, Provincial Police Officer, Additional Chief Secretary Fata, Inspector General of Frontier Corps, Inspector General, Prison, KP and Commandant Frontier Constabulary, KP, Peshawar. To reinforce the urgency of the matter further, officers were again warned through text messages on Sunday to take appropriate security measures. As a consequence, civil and military officers visited the prison to work out a security plan. The home secretary followed up on the threat. On July 29, hours before the most audacious attack on the prison located in the middle of a populated area, the Dera commissioner held a conference of all law-enforcement agencies and the civil administration to discuss the issue.

Chief Minister Balochistan Dr Abdul Malik Baloch has announced to hold a dialogue with all militant groups operating in the restive province. Speaking in the Balochistan Assembly on the worsening law and order situation in Balochistan on Monday, Dr Baloch said a high-powered committee comprising members of the assembly would be formed to hold dialogue with all militant groups operating in Balochistan. “Formal negotiations would be initiated soon after Eid-ul-Fitar,” he announced in the house. Dr Baloch said use of force has not produced any positive result and emphasized a political solution to all issues of the province. He further said that the provincial and federal governments are on the same page regarding talks with the militants. In response to a question, he said that all stake holders were taken on board regarding the jproposed talks with militant groups. He informed his government had resettled family members of Late Nawab Akbar

Bugti in Dera Bugti. “Whether sectarian or Baloch groups, we will hold talks with them,” he said. Sectarian killings and suicide bombings against the Shia Hazara community has claimed more than a thousand lives in the violence-ridden province over the years. Similarly violence emanating from the Baloch insurgency has also claimed thousands of lives. Lawmakers in the provincial assembly have expressed concern over the deteriorating law and order situation in Balochistan. Both members of treasury and opposition benches lashed out at law enforcers for their failure to protect lives and property of the masses. The chief minister strongly condemned the killings of coast guards personnel and brother of Zahoor Buledi. He, however, announced that unnecessary check-posts on national highways would be removed following complaints by members. “To be frank, these check-posts are a BALOCHISTAN, P29


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AUGUST 2, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P13

Curfew Clamped in DI Khan as Militants Attack Central Jail

First Formal Request for Dr Aafia’s Repatriation Soon

Dera Ismail Khan: The Pakistan

Army was called in after militants carrying heavy weapons stormed Dera Ismail Khan’s Central Jail, housing as many as 5000 prisoners including 250 inmates belonging to various banned outfits here on late Monday night, Geo News reported. A curfew was clamped after the area plunged into darkness as militants destroyed electricity transformers. Deputy Commissioner Mushtaq Jadoon said that the curfew was imposed to avoid any damage to public. He claimed that militants were still holed up in Twon Committee, a locality near the detention facility. He was yet not clear whether any prisoner was freed or how many armed men launched the attack. The officer, however, said that six suspects were arrested while two policemen with minor injuries were taken to a nearby hospital for treatment. Independent sources claimed that at least 40 prisoners were freed in the attack which appeared to be the largest jail break after Bannu mass jail breakout in which hundreds of militants including Adnan Rasheed, a key Taliban figure involved in a life attempt on former military ruler Gen (retd) Pervez Musharraf were freed. However, officials didn’t confirm the report. Sources said that police and security forces rushed to the detention facility and cordoned off the

DIG Prisons Khalid Abbas said that the Pakistan Army was called in after the attack. He said that as many as 5000 prisoners including 250 belonging to banned outfits were held in the jail.

area. The sources said that gun shots and explosions were also heard inside the prison. Exact number of the militants was not known. They said that the militants targeted police vehicles with hand grenades . DIG Prisons Khalid Abbas said that the Pakistan Army was called in after the attack. He said that as many as 5000 prisoners including 250 belonging to banned outfits were held in the jail. The Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) claimed responsibility for the attack and said that over 100 militants, including suicide bombers took part in the attack. The attack began with a huge explosion and several smaller blasts

before security forces engaged the attackers. An intelligence official said the militants were shouting ‘’God is great’’ and ‘’Long live the Taliban.’’ A local resident, Sharafat Khan, claimed the blast was so strong that it rocked neighboring houses. Security and law enforcement agencies with the help of Pakistan Army promptly cordoned off the prison as an operation got underway. According to another report as many as 20 explosions were heard as militants in police uniform stormed the Central Jail in Dera Ismail Khan late on Monday in an attempt to free terrorist inmates.

Parachinar Continues to Bleed but Who Cares Peshawar: Bomb blasts devastating towns and shattering lives seem to have lost impact except to arouse condemnation from the authorities as they are forgotten sooner than any worthwhile action is initiated either to mitigate the public suffering or eliminate its sources and causes. The people injured in the Parachinar bomb blasts, who are facing life-threatening medical condition in the hospitals, are haunted by the nightmarish moments they went through when twin blasts hit Parachinar on Friday. The witnesses have the same narrative. The media has been asking the same stereotyped questions. “I was shopping for Iftari or sitting with my friends in the bazaar when loud explosions occurred,” is the plain reply from the victims. The death toll from the twin blasts has reached 57, while some 190 people suffered serious and minor injuries. The administration declared 45 people dead on the spot, while others expired in the late hours. Soon after the explosions, 26 injured people were brought to Lady Reading Hospital in Peshawar. Both blasts occurred in rapid succession. The first explosion took place near the Jamia Majid at the entry of the famous Punjabi Bazaar and the second on School Road. For masterminds, the timing of detonating the explosives was perfect because there was a marked hustle and bustle in the bazaar. The people were busy buying edible items before Iftari. Parachinar, the administrative headquarters of Kurram Agency

Islamabad: First formal request

from Islamabad to Washington is expected next month for handing over Dr Aafia Siddiqui, who is serving a sentence in a high security prison in Texas. Dr Aafia was accused of having links with al-Qaeda and had reportedly assaulted US military officials while being interrogated in Afghanistan’s notorious Bagram Airbase, some five years ago. She was sentenced to 86 years in prison by a federal judge in Manhattan on September 23, 2010, on charges of attempted murder, armed attack and carrying firearms. Dr Aafia became a rallying cry for religious parties in the country soon after her arrest. Several mainstream political parties including Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) and Pakistan Tehrik-iInsaf called for her repatriation to Pakistan. A senior official of interior ministry told Dawn.com necessary

recommendations were ready to be taken up by the federal cabinet in its next meeting. The formulators of the report have incorporated various citations from international conventions on diplomatic, humanitarians, political and legal grounds. Nonetheless, the report suggests that extradition of Dr Aafia can only be done within the ambit of US laws. The report does not include any suggestion of swapping Dr Aafia with either the CIA facilitator, Dr Shakil Afridi, or some high profile Taliban prisoner. Soon after assuming office Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan had ordered senior officials to prepare the report in the light of applicable international conventions. He also held a meeting with Dr Aafia’s sister, Dr Fauzia Siddiqui, to show support. The official disclosed the government of Pakistan would invoke, at least, two international conventions namely Inter-State Convention on Extradition and European Convention on Extradition. He stated that since Dr Aafia allegedly committed the crime in a third country, certain legal hitches could impede her repatriation to Pakistan from the United States. However, he claimed all issues could be resolved provided the Americans agreed to accept Pakistan’s viewpoint. Interior Ministry spokesman Umer Hameed confimed the recommendations were ready for the federal cabinet’s consideration and approval. He said the legal aspect of the matter has been adequately addressed in the report.

Pakistanis to Submit $4,630-Bond for British Visa

near the Afghan border, is not a big metropolis. It’s like a small garrison town developed by the British Army in the foothill of the mighty Spin Ghar (White Mountain) in mid-1895. The total population of the town is about 40,000 comprising people of different tribes, races and faiths. Suicide and bomb blasts have been occurring with intervals in Kurram Valley in general and Parachinar in particular since the administration restored order in 2011 after the worst clashes and blockade of the area. Before the general elections, a rally of Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam-Fazl was targeted with improvised explosive devices in Parachamkani area east of Parachinar on May 7, leaving 24 people dead and 70 injured. That explosion resulted in a military operation leading to the evacuation of over 10,000 families from the area. A car bomb hit a busy market

in September 2012 which left 14 people dead and around 70 injured. Explosion of IEDs, landmines and other low scale blast in the area is a routine phenomenon. After the opening of the ThallParachinar Road, security forces set up a number of check-posts and checkpoints around the town and all entry and exit points have been sealed. Army troops, personnel of the Frontier Corps and Levies Force have been deployed for checking vehicles and pedestrians. Unlike Karachi, Peshawar, Quetta or any other big city, Parachinar is a small town, which does not need elaborate security system and resources. The downtown has few small shopping streets surrounded by residential quarters. Despite that, the town has become a soft target for terrorists and powerful blast occurs regularly. Like other tribal areas,

PARACHINAR, P11

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Lagos: Britain’s Home Office confirmed Monday it will demand a 3,000-pound ($4,630) refundable bond for visas for “high-risk” visitors from six former colonies including Pakistan. The bond will be refunded when the visitor leaves Britain. The pilot scheme has brought warnings in Britain and abroad that it will damage trade. Britain said in a statement Monday that it will go ahead with the pilot scheme despite the outrage, charges of discrimination and warnings of retaliation. Other targeted countries include Nigeria, Ghana, India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. British government data shows citizens of those countries applied for more than half a million visa applications last year. The statement sent by email did not say when the pilot would start. But it said it could apply the scheme in the future for all visas and any country. “The pilot will apply to visitor visas, but if the scheme is successful we’d like to be able to apply it on an intelligence-led basis on any visa route and any country,” it said. Nigeria’s government made a formal demand last month that Britain renounce the proposal as it was being discussed. Foreign Affairs Minister Olugbenga Ashiru called

in the British high commissioner to express “the strong displeasure of the government and people of Nigeria” over the “discriminatory” policy. Ashiru warned the move would “definitely negate” the two country’s commitment to double trade by 2014. Nigeria is Africa’s most populous nation and a huge market with its more than 160 million people. British government figures indicate 101,000 Nigerians were issued visas in 2012. There were protests in India last month when British Prime Minister David Cameron visited, causing him to declare that a final decision had not been taken on the policy. The Home Office said it hopes the bond system deters overstaying of visas and recovers costs of foreign nationals using public services like hospitals and schools. Immigration was a key issue in Cameron’s election campaign for his Conservative Party. Cameron has pledged to cut net immigration from 252,000 a year in 2010 to 100,000 a year by 2015. One move that has come under heavy criticism recently has been a government campaign targeting people who overstay their visas. Billboards were put on two vans BOND, P29


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Dalliance with PML-N: MQM Has Lust for Power

Karachi: Sindh Information Minister Sharjeel Inam Memon on Saturday accused the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) of carrying on its routine political practice of supporting the ruling party. Speaking to media at an Iftar dinner on Saturday, Memon said, “The MQM enjoys power politics and cannot live without being in power”. The minister said he only wished that the prime minister would not comment on the murder of TV reporter Wali Khan Babar and target killer Ajmal Pahari during his upcoming visit to Karachi. Commenting on a possible alliance between PML- N and MQM, the minister said, “Such dalliance will not impact the PPP and its government in Sindh. “Once the MQM joins the federal government, all allegations that the PML-N leaders leveled in the past against the PPP will evaporate. “When the MQM was a coalition partner of General Pervez Musharraf, the PML-N chief had asked all the parties at a meeting in London not to make an alliance with MQM in future; but now his own party is violating its own dictates by inking an agreement with the MQM,” he said. On the other hand, Minister for Local Government Owais Muzaffar telephoned his party leaders from London and discussed the current political situation with special reference to the MQMs’ decision to support Mamnoon Hussain. He said he would return by Tuesday and start consultations with senior party leaders on the political situation. He said they would continue the “reconciliation policy” as they wanted to take all political forces on board on issues facing the nation. Speaking about the PPP decision to boycott the presidential polls, Owais said the PPP had no other option, and

it took that decision to exercise its democratic right. When contacted, the spokesperson for Raja House (residence of Pir Pagara) said, “The PML-N leaders wanted to meet on Friday, a day before their scheduled meeting, but Pir Sahib excused himself.” Meanwhile, Mumtaz Bhutto has reportedly called a meeting of his old party leaders on July 30 to devise a future line of action. “Many party leaders are insisting to restore our own party instead of sitting with PML-N,” one of the close aides of Mumtaz Bhutto said, adding that an important decision was likely to be made on July 30 as the PML N-leadership was continuously ignoring Mumtaz Bhutto after the general elections.

International Firms Eye Pakistan for GeneticallyModified Products Islamabad: Three multinational companies along with a number of national firms have approached the Ministry of Food Security seeking licences to raise genetically-modified (GM) food products in Pakistan. A senior federal government official, refusing to share his name, told Dawn that “a request in this regard has been received by the Ministry of Food Security a few weeks back and it is being reviewed.” He added that the ministry had received the request to launch the GM products – maize and cotton. He identified the firms as Monsanto, Pioneer and Syngenta. A food expert said genetic modification manufacturing was a biotechnology mainly used to make new products, particularly new types of crop plants. According to the federal government official, Monsanto is a US-based biotech company and is famous for BT cotton. He said the BT cotton product of Monsanto was resistant against certain pests. The official explained that Monsanto was currently providing different variety of seeds (non-genetically modified) and herbicides to farmers in Pakistan. “I am not aware of the products of Pioneer; however, Syngenta is the largest agri-business company of the world,” added the official. The spokesman for the ministry

Indian Firing on LoC Kills One Pakistan Soldier

Gunmen Kill Seven Coast Guards

Islamabad: Unprovoked firing from the Indian side on the Line of Control (LoC) near Rawalkot killed one Pakistani solider and critically injured another, Express News reported on Saturday. According to the Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR), the incident took place at 10:30am and there was no evident reason for the firing. Asim Iqbal, the soldier who died due to the firing incident, was a resident of a village near Rawalpindi. Naik Muhammad Khan, the soldier who is critically injured, will undergo treatment. A foreign office statement issued in Islamabad stated that Pakistan strongly condemns the firing. It is unfortunate that such an incident should have taken place at a time when the two governments are making sincere efforts toward improving relations for resolving mutual disputes, the statement went on to say. Pakistan government has called upon the Indian government to conduct a thorough investigation into this incident and ensure that such occurrences do not take place. A statement by Inter Services Public Relations (ISPR) stated that Indian border security forces had resorted to unprovoked firing on the working boundary near Sialkot on Saturday evening. The statement said that no loss of life had been reported. Pakistan troops responded effectively to Indian firing, it said. This is not the first instance of unprovoked hostility from the Indian army. On June 18, Indian troops opened fire on a small village in Kotli town along the LoC, injuring a 65-year old woman. On June 19, a Pakistani girl was killed when Indian troops opened fire across the border that divides disputed Kashmir.

Quetta: Seven Pakistan Coast Guards personnel were killed and another seven injured when gunmen attacked a PCG check-post in Kuldan area of Gwadar district early on Saturday morning. The banned Baloch Liberation Front (BLF) organization claimed responsibility for the attack. Sources said that unidentified armed men riding a vehicle and a motorcycle stormed the PCG check-post, about 64km from Gwadar town towards the PakIran border at around 3am, and attacked it with rockets and guns. At least seven PCG personnel died and as many suffered injuries. Home Secretary Akbar Hussain Durrani confirmed the casualties. The sources said that after the attack a heavy exchange of fire took place between the coastguards and the assailants in which two attackers were injured. “It was a pre-dawn rocket attack on the checkpost that left seven soldiers dead and injured seven others,” Mr Durrani told Dawn, adding the dead and the injured had been taken to the Pakistan Navy Hospital. He said rescue teams and law-enforcement agencies personnel, including coastguards and levies, had been sent to the scene of the attack. A search operation was under way. The sources said that the assailants took away official weapons and belongings of the coastguards. They said that 14 PCG personnel manned the check-post located close to the border with Iran. They are tasked to keep vigil on those crossing the border illegally or engaged in drug and human trafficking. Gohram Baloch, a spokesman for BLF, told media by satellite phone that 25 PCG men had been killed in the attack and another two had been taken hostage. He said that during the attack two BLF men suffered bullet injuries in their hands. Three AK-47 rifles, three machineguns, a G-3 rifle, live rounds, a vehicle and a motorcycle were taken away by the BLF men, he added.

could not be contacted for confirmation of the requests. However, when approached, the director general of the Pakistan Environment Protection Agency (Pak-Epa), Asif Shuja, told Dawn: “The three companies have also approached us. But we are only concerned with the assessment of environmental impacts of these companies.”

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KERRY FROM P1

Afghanistan as US-led forces prepare to pull out most combat troops by late 2014. “We will discuss with the Pakistanis counter-terrorism, cross-border militancy, the economic agenda and how we can continue to partner in terms of promoting a secure and stable Afghanistan,” a senior US official told reporters travelling with Kerry. Kerry is keen to put a fresh focus on a relationship severely strained by US drone strikes which Pakistan says breach its sovereignty, and the raid by US special forces which killed Osama bin Laden in a Pakistani town in 2011. Pakistan itself has seen a spate of attacks by the al Qaeda-linked Taliban across the South Asian country since the new prime minister, Nawaz Sharif, was sworn in more than a month ago, raising concerns about regional stability. The United States, Pakistan’s biggest donor, wants Pakistan to come up with a clear plan and to step up its campaign against groups such as the Haqqani network, which regularly attacks US forces in Afghanistan from its mountain hideouts in Pakistan. “Safe havens for extremist groups clearly threaten our interests, our allies in the region and most of all Nawaz Sharif ’s own ability to execute his reform agenda and provide greater economic stability,” the senior official said. It is Kerry’s first visit to Pakistan as Secretary of State although he has visited the country in other capacities before. Both sides appear keen to start a new chapter in their relationship. President Barack Obama hailed Sharif ’s victory in May as a “significant milestone” for Pakistan’s democracy. Speaking on condition of anonymity, the official praised Sharif for taking “pretty remarkable” steps to address domestic economic problems such as crippling power shortages. “Unlike previous visits, we are not going at a moment of crisis, which has defined the relationship over the last several years, but at a moment of quite unique and aligned interests,” said the US official. “It is an alignment of several factors that made this the right time to go to begin a series of substantive, meaty and important discussions with the new civilian government and a range of other stakeholders in Pakistan,” the official added.


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Community Link Friday, August 2, 2013

VOL. 23/31 PAGE 20

PAGE 32

PAGE 21 egum PAGE

AAA Hosts Iftar-Dinner in Washington

25 Ramadan 1434 H

In Hollywood, the Actor Who Gives the Call to Prayer

White House Iftar Is Reminder of Work Ahead

For news, updated round the clock, visit

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Large Multi-faith Gathering Attends AMV’s Interfaith Iftar

The large diverse gathering shared the joy of Ramadan iftar dinner with their Muslim brothers and sisters

n By Abdus Sattar Ghazali

A

large diverse gathering shared the joy of Ramadan iftar dinner with their Muslim brothers and sisters hosted by American Muslim Voice Foundation. The iftar dinner was held on Sunday July, 21, 2013 in Palo Alto at the residence of Samina Sundas, the founding Executive Director of the American Muslim Voice Foundation.

Ms Sundas welcomed the guests on behalf of the AMV Foundation. She said that the objective to establish this organization was to have an interaction among all Americans, which has proven to be one of the best ways to enhance cross cultural understanding and to build mutual respect between people of all faiths. She went on to say, “We are de-mystifying the Muslims in the post-9/11 era by opening our hearts and homes and by practicing Islam among our fellow Americans. We strongly believe that constant negative propaganda against Muslims and Islam prevents our fellow Americans to get to know Muslims and to understand the true Islam.” AMV Foundation is committed to change that perception by providing all Americans an opportunity through

education with social interaction. We are hopeful that by getting to know one another we will all move from “Fear to Friendship.’ ” Ms Sundas said that AMV Foundation’s work is inspired by ‘Surah al-Hujurat verse (49:13): O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know each other (not that you may despise (each other). Congressman Michael Honda was unable to attend the Iftar dinner personally because of a few thousand miles but he sent his greetings to the American Muslim Voice Foundation for Iftar dinner. His message stated: It gives me great pleasure to welcome everyone to Iftar dinner hosted by American Muslim Voice Foundation. Since 2003 American Muslim Voice Foundation (AMV) has worked to protect civil liberties of all communities and developed relationships between all cultures and religions. To build these inclusive communities AMV hosts peace conferences, picnics, and open houses to expose different groups to Islamic ideals, promotes civic engagement, and build mutual respect for each other.

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On behalf of the residents of the 17th Congressional District, I thank American Muslim Voice Foundation for organizing tonight’s Iftar dinner and offer my best wishes for its success. Anam Hassan, an intern from Congressman Honda’s office presented the resolution to Abdus Sattar Ghazali, Senior advisor of the American Muslim Voice Foundation. Nancy of Code Pink and Craig Wiesner of Multi-faith Voices of Peace also addressed the guests. Nancy said it was a coincidence that like AMV, Code Pink was celebrating its 10th anniversary of establishment.


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Successful Iftar-Dinner Hosted by Aligarh Alumni Association of Washington

n By Dr Zafar Iqbal

I

The program started with the recitation of a Qur’anic Sura and its translation by teenagers Furqan Ahmad and Zakaria Khan, respectively. Welcoming the guests, President Dr Razi Raziuddin thanked the audience for their attendance and briefly outlined the significance of the program that supports education of underprivileged children. Taameen Mohammad, a young school girl, talked about the importance of education and emphasized that learning at all stages of life was essential for progress. Quoting Malala Yousufzai’s speech at the

United Nations, Taameen said that Malala’s call for “One student, one book, and one pen” would change the world for the better. Areej Faiz presented herself as an example of the financial support extended by this Association to deserving students. She was a recipient of the AMU Scholarship of the Association while doing her LLB at AMU. She then joined LLM under the Exchange of Students for Higher Studies Program between the Aligarh Muslim University and the George Washington University in Washington, DC. This scholarship program was established by Frank Islam, an Alig and esteemed member of the Association. Areej acknowledged that it was because of the generosity of donors that she was able to pursue higher studies. Dr Aftab Ansari, Chairman of Scholarship Committee, traced the history and progression of the Scholarship program that had a humble beginning with 10 scholarships a few years ago, and 229 scholarships provided last year. He also outlined the process of selection, which involves several factors, such as students’ grades, family income in the first cut, then the donor preference such as geographical location, and subjects. Scholarship renewal is based on the perfor-

Let’s Not Forget the Orphans

Apply for MPAC & MYG Young Leaders Civic Summit in LA

t was a scorching hot afternoon with the temperature approaching three digits, but this did not deter well-wishers of educational programs run by the Aligarh Alumni Association of Washington DC; they came in large numbers to express their support and contribute to scholarship fund and feeder programs. The fundraising Iftar-dinner was held at the Montgomery Blair High School, Silver Spring, Maryland on Saturday, July 22, 2013. In spite of 5 other competing fundraising programs at the same time in the metropolitan Washington area, the attendance at this event was significantly high.

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mance of the recipient. Dr Razi Raziuddin, in-charge of feeder program, apprised the audience of the dire need of the program at primary and secondary school level to preparing students for colleges and universities. In addition to providing tuition, each scholarship recipient also gets additional financial support for buying books and stationary. With an initial start of a few scholarships to primary and middle level students at accredited feeder institutions, it supported 340 students at 17 feeder institutions in 2012. Recently, a new program was also initiated to provide coaching facilities to college-level students. Last year, the Association was able to support 7 coaching centers with 590 students at different cities and provinces

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Los Angeles , CA: Apply today for his Ramadan Feed an Or- the Muslim Public Affairs Council’s phan with Your Fitrana/ and the Muslim Youth Group of the * Protect the civil liberties of Islamic Center of Southern Califor- American Muslims Zakat

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We have currently 60 orphans (all girls) at Saba Homes in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Most of these orphans are fasting, Saba Homes provides them Sahoor and Iftaar meals during the holy month of Ramadan. Besides Saba Homes provides Iftaar meal to 300-400 needy people per day who otherwise do not have any food to break their fast with. We are in urgent need of financial help to continue this project, therefore we request your

SABA, P29

nia’s annual Los Angeles Young Leaders Civic Summit from Aug. 14-16. Designed to introduce youth to the nerve centers of society - government, media and the entertainment industry - the LA Civic Summit delegates will have the opportunity to visit sites across Los Angeles. Understanding and engaging these industries, including art and history, are essential for the American Muslim community in our growing world. “The civic summit was an opportunity for me to break away from the thought that Muslims cannot be involved in certain fields,” said Marwa Abdelghani, 2012 LA Civic Summit Delegate and Government and Communications Intern at MPAC. “The Summit helped me understand that if we are not at the table, then we are on the menu. I was able to grow my voice and feel empowered by civic engagement. Before you head back to school, it’s important for all American Muslim students to get a bigger picture of what it takes to be involved in the community.” Last year delegates met with former LA City Mayor Antonio

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*Advocate for social justice through public policy * Influence dynamic media coverage of Muslims and Islam * Gain valuable experience in grassroots organizing and civic engagement TO APPLY, VISIT: http://bit.ly/internatcair Interns have the opportunity to gain experience in the following areas: Civil rights, development, government relations, graphic and web design, media relations, and programming. Law clerks assist CAIR-LA attorneys with civil rights issues affecting the American Muslim community. Clerks are exposed to issues related to immigration, employment discrimination, First Amendment, equal protection, and more. For more information, please email CAIR-LA Programs Coordinator Zienab Abdelgany at zabdelgany@cair.com.

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throughout the country. Guest speaker Suhail Farooqi recalled his days at the University and said he considered himself and others sitting in the audience lucky to have got a chance to get education and prosper. He emphasized the fact that those children who did not have the privilege to continue their education because of financial problems were as smart as us. We should not forget that our education, wealth and health are gift from Allah and we should always keep our fellow community members in our thoughts. A small token from our bounty can help the future of many students. Chief Guest and keynote speaker Frank Islam, an Alig and a successful entrepreneur and an example of the American dream come

true, talked about Sir Syed’s vision and emphasized the significance of education in shaping a family’s future. He quoted Presidents’ Obama’s remark: “Education will be the currency of 21st century.” Mr Islam, who had been contributing generously to academic causes, said that he believed that “giving was much more pleasing than making money.” The senior-most Aligarian, Mr Fatehul Azam — a 1952 graduate of Engineering College, and Mr Tufail Ahmad, the founding president of the Association, were recognized at the event. In her concluding remarks Dr Atia Khan made a passionate plea for supporting the educational strivings of the Association. She said that she is involved with HDF and understands the challenges for running such programs. She commended the Association for presenting a detailed picture of the process and accounting. Youngster Azam Husain did a splendid job as Master of Ceremony. He was a real delight. The program was coordinated by Dr Rafat Husain. The zest and hard work of an enthusiastic group of volunteers – young and old— made the program a grand success.

NAM Launches YouthWire

N

e w America Media (NAM) invites you to explore the scope of its youth media work via YouthWire.org, a new one-stop portal to NAM’s statewide network of youth and community media outlets: Richmond Pulse, We’Ced (Merced), Voicewaves (Long Beach), South Kern Sol, Coachella Unincorporated, and NAM’s flagship youth media outlets, Silicon Valley DeBug, The Know (Fresno) and The Beat Within.

YouthWire is a collaborative and grassroots network of youth-produced community media outlets scattered across the state, dedicated to amplifying the voices of Californians living in “media deserts” - regions where everyday residents have few, if any local media to tell their stories. These “home grown” media outlets are spaces where young media creators and community members can receive training and have access to the tools for digital storytelling, a place where residents can have their voices heard, bring community issues and perspectives to light, advocate for change, and see their faces reflected back to them in the media. YouthWire.org functions as a news aggregator and is designed to be responsive across browsers and platforms, including mobile. The site acts as a bridge between the highly trafficked New America Media news website and NAM’s youth-produced community media hubs. On YouthWire, readers can sort stories by geography and category, browse brief summaries of those stories, and then proceed to the local website to delve deeper by reading the rest of the story or viewing multimedia


COMMUNITY

AUGUST 2, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P21

In Hollywood, the Actor Who Gives the Call to Prayer

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n By John Burnett

or the next year, NPR will take a musical journey across America, which is one of the most religiously diverse countries on earth. We want to discover and celebrate the many ways in which people make spiritual music — individually and collectively, inside and outside houses of worship.

It is said, in Los Angeles, that Abdulwahab Benyoucef ’s call to prayer is so lovely and so clarion that Muslims come to the mosque just to hear him. About three times a week, the Algerian actor — who has shortened his name to Ben Youcef — comes here in his traditional tunic to stand before the men kneeling toward Mecca. He closes his eyes, holds one hand over his ear, leans into a microphone and sings out the Arabic words in extended phrases. “It’s a way to call people to come to worship God,” Ben Youcef says. “That’s the purpose of the adhan [the Arabic name for call to prayer]. I bear witness that there’s no God except God. I bear witness that Muhammad is a messenger of God. Come to what’s good, come to prayer.” YouTube In his other life, the 34-year-old Ben Youcef is one of Hollywood’s Alist Muslim actors. Lately, because of his complexion, he’s been getting more and more generic ethnic roles. “Because in commercials,” he says, “a lot of times I’m actually playing a Latin guy or an ethnically ambiguous guy.” Harmonizing Life On television and in movies, he usually plays cocky, conflicted young Muslim men. And, since

9/11, his characters have often been predictable. In one scene on NBC’s Law & Order, his brown skin and Middle Eastern good looks get him arrested on a sidewalk in Los Angeles in connection with a bombing plot. “I’m not a terrorist,” he pleads. The actor is asked how he harmonizes his life as a devout Muslim and a muezzin, a caller to prayer, with an actor who sometimes plays Islamic extremists. “It’s not easy, I’m not going to lie to you,” he says in an interview in a quiet conference room above the mosque. “The bottom line is my Muslim friends have no idea what it’s like to be an actor, and my actor friends have no idea what is it like to be a Muslim.” Ben Youcef says he has played terrorists, such as a Palestinian

member of Black September in Steven Spielberg’s Munich. But he’s also turned down roles that he says demean his community. He says he keeps his life in balance by reciting calls to prayer at the King Fahad Mosque in Culver City and other LA-area mosques, as he’s done since he was 8. In Muslim countries, the call to prayer is broadcast throughout the city from the tops of minarets; in non-Muslim countries, as a courtesy to neighbors, it is chanted inside mosque walls. The call to prayer is not music, per se. Music is not allowed in the mosque. But the five-times-daily prayer call can be musical. Ideally, a muezzin is sought out for a voice that inspires and awes — a voice like an instrument. “When you hear a beautiful

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voice, it connects the soul to the divine in a way that words sometimes cannot do,” says Jihad Turk, a friend of Ben Youcef ’s and president of Bayan Claremont, an Islamic graduate school in Southern California. Ben Youcef, with his Aladdinlike good looks and mellifluous voice, has the goal of becoming Hollywood’s most recognizable Arab actor — the next Omar Sharif — just so long, he says, as he can remain true to Islam. “The Muslim community doesn’t have leading men or good guys,” Youcef says. “As a kid, I used to watch Tom Cruise, Robert De Niro, Al Pacino, Denzel Washington. None of those guys are Muslims.” As for the tensions between the world’s Mosaic religions, Ben Youcef has an allegory that he draws

from his home turf. “Think of Wilshire Boulevard as Christianity, Santa Monica Boulevard as Islam and Montana Boulevard as Judaism,” Youcef says. “Take any of those boulevards and they lead to the ocean, which is God. We’re arguing over 15th Street, but all these roads lead to the Pacific.” –

International Mushaira-2013 Date: Sept. 21, 2013 Organization: Urdu Markaz International, Inc. Venue: Momin Lodge, Torrance Contact Info: urdu@urdu -markaz.com (310-396-9303)


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P22 – PAKISTAN LINK – AUGUST 2, 2013

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COMMENTARY

AUGUST 2, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P23

The Receding Threat of Global Warming n By Nayyer Ali MD

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few weeks ago President Obama gave a major address on climate and energy policy and committed his administration to dealing more aggressively with the issue, which cheered liberals and environmentalist who see global warming brought on by carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels as the major problem of this century. While they are right to be concerned, the problem is turning out to be not quite so big and more easily manageable than was thought even a few years ago.

The science of global warming is based on the idea that carbon dioxide, which is produced by burning coal, oil, or natural gas, traps heat against the Earth’s surface, and raises the temperature enough to affect the climate. Even with all the fossil fuel burned in the last hundred years, we have only increased CO2 from .03% to .04% of the atmosphere, which seems fairly trivial, but computer models suggest that it is enough to alter the Earth’s temperature. If the concentration of CO2 were to double, some projected that the Earth could warm by 5 degrees centigrade, which would melt the ice caps and raise sea levels a dozen feet or more. Meanwhile, no country seemed ready to give up fossil fuels, which are critical for electric power, heating, and transportation. The modern world runs on massive amounts of cheap energy from coal, oil, and gas. In the last few years though, three major trends have taken hold that suggest we are not doomed. First, though the Earth has warmed over the last thirty years in response to rising CO2 concentrations (and because it is such a rare gas, we use PPM or parts per million to describe the level), it has not warmed as fast as the climate models predicted. There are over 35 of these models, but they all predicted more warming than has happened. This suggests the climate is not as sensitive to the rise in CO2 as was earlier suggested. The UN based IPCC (which is the definitive scientific body that addresses climate change) is issuing their next assessment shortly, and it seems they have reduced the temperature rise predicted for 2100. If we keep CO2, currently at 400 PPM, to a level of 550 PPM, then temperatures are

expected to rise less than the 2 degrees centigrade considered “acceptable” climate change (about .5 degrees of that has happened already since 1980). Even if levels get to 710, the expected temperature rise is between 2.3 and 3 degrees. This suggests that we could accept CO2

ciency and the switch from coal to natural gas in power plants. Meanwhile, China’s ultra rapid growth is finally subsiding. With demand in the developed world declining, and China slowing down, the growth in CO2 emissions going forward is going to subside. The doomsday scenarios that the UN IPCC predicted in

A global replacement of coal and gas plants with thorium reactors in the 2030’s could be the world’s emergency chute if all else fails. It would cost a lot to mothball working power plants and replace them, but the world will also be twice as rich as we are, and they can afford it going as high as 550 PPM or maybe a bit more. This leads us to our second favorable trend. Currently, humanity is emitting 9.6 gigatons of carbon (gTC) per year, a rate that rose at about 2.5% per year for the last 15 years. To put that into perspective, we have to emit about 4 gTC to raise CO2 by 1 PPM. But much of that rapid rise was the vast expansion of coal used in China. It was not the developed world. In fact, European emissions peaked in the mid-1990s, and the US peaked in 2007. US emissions have plunged in the last three years and are down to 1992 levels, primarily due to rising fuel effi-

the 1990s suggested annual CO2 emissions might go as high as 30 gTC by 2040, but such a future looks very unlikely now. If we want to keep peak CO2 at 550 PPM, the rough math suggests we need to keep total emissions going forward to less than 600 gTC. Given current emissions and likely growth rate, we have 4050 years to stop burning fossil fuels. That is doable. The reason it is doable is the third major trend. This is the rapid plunge in the cost of renewable “green” power, namely solar and wind, but also potentially geothermal. Al-

ready, solar power is as cheap as regular grid power in sunny climates with expensive electricity (Hawaii, Southern California). In another 10 years, solar will be as cheap as fossil fuel sources in many parts of the world. Cars are rapidly becoming more fuel-efficient and electric and hybrid cars are gaining popularity. How soon will we have an all-electric auto fleet? 20 years? 30 years? It will happen, and faster than expected. Wind is cost-effective power in many regions. The main problem with solar and wind is “intermittency”, meaning that power can’t be generated at night or when the wind isn’t blowing. But clever energy storage solutions will solve that problem over the next two decades. I imagine that no new fossil fuel-based power plants will even be built after 2025 or 2030 anywhere in the world, because renewables will be cheaper. Is there an emergency exit, a way to rapidly decarbonize the energy systems if it turns out that we start to warm more rapidly, or that 550 PPM is too high a level to accept? Yes there is, it is nuclear power. Traditional nuclear power, using uranium, is extremely expensive, and carries both radiation risk (such as the disasters at Chernobyl in 1986 or Fukushima in 2011), and weapons proliferation risk. There is another radioactive element that can power reactors that is even more abundant than uranium and has much less radiation hazard and no weapons risk; that would be thorium-based reactors. Thorium is an abundant radioactive element, and can work as a fuel in a nuclear power plant. A global replacement of coal and gas plants with thorium reactors in the 2030’s could be the world’s emergency chute if all else fails. It would cost a lot to mothball working power plants and replace them, but the world will also be twice as rich as we are, and they can afford it. Politically, the nations of the world should commit themselves to definite physical goals. We should commit to keeping CO2 levels below 550 PPM, and to keep the total temperature rise to under two degrees centigrade. We should also revisit and revise the 550 PPM number downward if trends suggest that would not contain warming as the IPCC now expects. We could even conceivably let the 550 PPM number go a bit higher if warming is slower than expected in the next two decades.

Four Reasons Why PTI Could Not Change Our Political Culture n By Tahir Mehdi

M

Lahore

any enthusiasts of Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf are disappointed that the tsunami could not happen. The more considerate analysts, however, think that tsunami or not, the party has done well. It has risen from the status of minnows to become the second most voted party of the country in almost no time. Its gain is substantial and its future bright. I tend to agree but what is disappointing for me is that the PTI is not only the change it had promised to be, it isn’t any change, not even the change of faces in many instances. It has joined the fray and become one of the lot. I am afraid that by the next elections, it will be hard to distinguish it from others. Here are four reasons why I think so.

Number 1: PTIwalas are blind followers too Just like their PPP and PMLN counterparts, the PTIwalas take their party as a cult, if not as a religious sect. They are the believers, the followers and the mureeds and I find

this antithetical to being a political worker. They are not critical of their party policies, stands and statements. Being critical of ‘their own’ party policy is considered a sin in our political culture and PTI has not changed that. The behavior is graded as a kind of disloyalty which in essence is a feudal trait. So instead of engaging with their party fellows and opponents in productive political dialogues on issues of importance, they take it upon themselves to defend, justify and cover up all of their party leaders’ deeds and words. Their main locus standi in politics is that while all the rest are corrupt, they stand tall, untainted and clean. Their main vow is to rid the country of corruption which they present as the panacea. But when the party allows some of the known corrupt politicians into its ranks belying its biggest motto, its workers not only do not object to it but keep supporting their party with the same enthusiasm. That’s so typical of Pakistani parties. Political leaders love hordes of unthinking followers. They do not promote critical thinking among their cadre nor do they institute mechanisms within their parties to

facilitate critical appraisal of party policies. The same holds for the PTI. Number 2: They hate and demean their opponents I think a certain level of inebriation with self-righteousness is allowed to all political workers but it becomes a problem when it gets so much to ones head that they start identifying themselves as a different species and superior ones, of course. This arrogance effectively blocks the way of political dialogue and debate and even public interaction with others. PTI walas have three responses for their opponents. They consider the good majority of all those out of their party flanks as senseless goofs destined to suffer. They are the unfortunate lot; the wretched of the earth who have failed to see the light and missed the opportunity of their lifetime just because they could not recognize it. They mostly live in villages. The PTI walas pity them. On the second level are those who are not the simpletons, stuck in traditional rots as they are semi-educated, live in cities, small or big and have articulated political pursuits. But what perplexes the PTI walas is that if someone has even an iota of political sense, how can he or she

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support any party other than theirs? So they are the ones who have been tricked into submission and blindfolded by their leaders. They frustrate the PTI walas, who think that these political puppets only deserve contempt. Then, the last is the gang of gazetted criminals – the upper crust of their opponent parties, their leaders and representatives. They are all branded as looters and plunderers and the main cause of all the ills of this country, unless and until they are reborn as PTI stalwarts. Number 3: They too suffer from the conspiracy theory syndrome When it comes to theorizing political phenomena, the favorite ploy of all Pakistani parties is to define them as a conspiracy, mostly hatched by foreign forces. That reflects upon the intellectual poverty of the party ideologues. They have no vision, no plausible answers to the complex questions that the current political discourse poses. Conspiracy theories are easy to sell. They put the blame on forces that exist outside ones purview and their acts are beyond ones ability to deliver. So there is little that could be done except scolding the evil forces.

The modus operandi of these forces is invisible and complex so any event could be twisted to fit the theory. So you have suicide attacks by forces that target innocent Muslims and then attacks that are carried out by forces so that Muslims could be blamed for these. From the Taliban to Malala, from Balochistan to Mumbai attacks and from Ayla Malik’s fake degree to Aleem Khan’s multi-billion rupees land scam, all are not what they appear to the naked eye. They are all conspiracies. Conspiracy theories defy that politics is a comprehensible science, and that interests of groups and classes can be articulated and pursued as political causes through carefully designed strategies. They instead, convert people into hapless victims who have no other recourse than to bow before their charismatic leaders. In Pakistan’s political culture, conspiracy theories substitute a sound political ideology; they proxy for long term vision. PTI’s reliance on conspiracy theories is no less, if not more, than others. Number 4: Their party is not structurally different from any other CULTURE, P26


COMMENTARY

P24 – PAKISTAN LINK – AUGUST 2, 2013 n By Professor Nazeer Ahmed

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Concord, CA

qbal, a keen student of Qur’anic teachings, knows that Khudi applied not just to individuals, it applied to spiritual communities (Ummah) as well. The Qur’an declares, “We have fastened your fate (O humankind!) around your own neck.”

Each individual has an Essence. That is the individuality of men and women. Similarly, every community, and every nation, has its Essence. It is in the concept of Khudi that one has to find his political views that so dominated the last third of his life. A people must have the freedom to find their Khudi, their Essence and to express it on the stage of human history, just as an individual must have the freedom to find his Essence and express it in the matrix of human affairs. Iqbal, the poet cannot be separated from Iqbal, the politician and statesmen. Iqbal was deeply concerned about the condition of his own Muslim community in a milieu where they were a numerical minority. Through a careful and thorough analysis of the dynamics of Islam, documented thoroughly in The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam, he concluded that ijtihad was the moving principle of Islam. He agreed with the Turkish poet Zia that an elected legislature representing the masses, as opposed to an individual, was in the best position to exercise ijtihad in modern times. Then he came to the momentous and fateful conclusion: “In India, however, difficulties are likely to arise for it is doubtful whether a non-Muslim legislative assembly can exercise the power of Ijtihad”. This led him to propose the idea of a separate state for the Muslims of the northwestern states in British India, an idea that was the precursor for Pakistan. The demand for an independent state in northwestern British India was not an expression of separatism but a positive statement of the Khudi of a people. Iqbal envisaged legislative autonomy so that the people of the Punjab, Sindh, Northwest Frontier and Baluchistan might discover their essence and participate in the majestic march of human civilization. The important lesson here is that Iqbal was not just a poet, a thinker and a dreamer; he was a man of action. He was willing to take the risk of injecting himself into the process of history knowing full well that great ideas are compromised and often despoiled when they are implemented in the matrix of human affairs. Whether a Pakistan that came into being lived up to or did not live up to Iqbal’s ideals is no reflection on his ideals. Faiz Ahmed Faiz stands in contrast to Allama Iqbal both in style and substance. As a young man, he studied and was influenced by the material dialetic of Marx and Engel. The exploitation of the masses in British India convinced him that only a revolution could restore the balance of justice. As a young officer in the British Indian army, Faiz was witness to the corruption and rapacity of the money lenders, hoarders and landlords in the great famine of 1943. The ruling Unionist party in his home state of Punjab, a motley conglomerate of sajjada nishins of zawiyas, gurus of temples and gurdwaras and a rapacious merchant class did nothing for the poor peasants and the toiling masses. Faiz was witness to the holocaust that accompanied partition when hatred engulfed the vast plains of the Punjab and human bestiality found a free expression rarely witnessed by humankind. These were the formative years for Faiz, and they reinforced his conviction that justice and love were the only antidotes for the der angst felt by humankind in its march through history. Faiz thus became the poet of justice and love just as Iqbal was the poet of essence and destiny. It was through the publication of Daste Saba and Zindan Nama, both written in prison from 1951 to 1955 that the world came to know of Faiz. It was in the dungeons of Punjab that Faiz found his voice. While his feet were shackled, he wrote from his soul,

From Iqbal to Faiz: Essence and Love in Urdu Poetry - 2

requires a deeper understanding of Faiz and the essence of his poetry. Love is a bourgeois feeling; indeed, it is the core of religious experience. How could one be both a Marxist and a lover? One possible explanation is that Faiz, despite his Marxist orientation, remains deeply attached to his Qur’anic roots. Zulm and its redress run as a continuous thread in the Qur’an. One of the 99 divine names is al Haq, meaning Justice. Faiz’s poetry searches for Haq. God will hide all sins on the Day of Judgment, says the Qur’an, except Zulm. It will speak up and the Zalim will be punished. When Zulm does speak up on the Day of Reckoning, I am convinced one of the voices that will speak up for the Mazloom masses will be the voice of Faiz Ahmed Faiz. Uthe ga Anal Haq ka naara, Jo mai bhi hoon aur tum bhi ho; Aur raj kareg khalq e khuda, Jo mai bhi hoon aur tum bhi ho. (The cry « here is justice » shall resound, I shall be there, so will you, And the servants of God (the people) shall rule, I shall be there, so will you.

Mata e looh wa qalam chin gayee tho kya ghem hai Ke Khoon e Dil mein Dubo dee hain unglian mein ne. (Grieve not that the Pen and the Tablet are denied thee, I have dipped my fingers in the love of my heart. Notice that Looh wa Qalam (the Tablet and the Pen) serve different functions for Iqbal and Faiz. Iqbal said: Yeh Jehan cheese hai kya looh wa qalam tere hain (This world? What is its worth? To you belong the Tablet and the Pen). The pen and the tablet are tools in the hands of Iqbal to discover human Essence and human destiny. For Faiz, they are inconsequential; he writes his destiny with the love of his heart. I have deliberately translated Qoon

Timurid invasion of Asia towards the end of the fourteenth century, yet sang of the sublime love that transcends hate and oppression.

ke

Dono Jehan Teri Muhabbat me haar ke Woh ja rha hai koyi shab e gham guzaar

(There goes one, having spent the night of sorrow, For your love, he lost the here, and he lost the hereafter). The search of Faiz led him to the conclusion that love alone was the solution to man’s condition. But he left the idea of love dangling between heaven and earth. That is why you find in his poetry an unceasing longing (Ishtiaq), a burning desire for the beloved. Iqbal’s poetry leaves you satisfied and spurs you to action. It is like a laser beam trained to perform surgery; Faiz’s poetry, like unrequited love, leaves you longing for more.

Love is a bourgeois feeling; indeed, it is the core of religious experience. How could one be both a Marxist and a lover? One possible explanation is that Faiz, despite his Marxist orientation, remains deeply attached to his Qur’anic roots as love in the tradition of Imam Razi, the 10 th century savant for whom blood meant the essence of the heart through which God distributes his mercy to all parts of the body, mind and the soul. If you take the literal translation of qoon as blood, you see the revolutionary zeal of the poet, in that history will be written in the blood of the martyrs. Iqbal reaches yet another height when he declares in Bal e Jibrael: Looh bhi tu, Qalam bhi tu, tera wajud al kitab (You are the Tablet, you are the Pen, your existential Essence is the Book) Here Iqbal reaches the station of Ibn al Arabi. This line of thought must stop here because it is beyond the scope of this brief paper. The creative genius of Faiz Ahmed Faiz was to integrate in his poetry his vision of justice and love. The agony of humankind, oppressed as it is with the burden of time, is highlighted, but it is done not with hatred but against a background of the sweet music of love. The heart of Faiz bleeds with sorrow, but what it sheds are tears of love. It takes enormous compassion, forgiveness and charity to love the hand of the oppressor. While the tongue of Faiz is the tongue of the oppressed, the heart of Faiz is the heart of the lover. In this he stands in the same league as Hafiz who witnessed the destructions of the

It is like uncontained fire that burns. Iqbal and Faiz are like two travelers in the desert, the one is guided by a distant star, the other abandons his quest to the love of his heart and is content to cry out in the desert. Both reached heights of imagination attained only by a few. “I offered the trust to the heavens and the earth,” declares the Divine Word, “they declined, being afraid thereof. But man accepted it. He was indeed ignorant.” Why did man accept the trust? Rumi answers it by saying that man was drunk with love and he did not know what he was doing. That love was infused into the Ruh of man when divine love breathed it into the spec of dust that was Adam. Iqbal and Faiz were both drunk with love, and like Adam, they were on earth searching their own way back to God. Iqbal searched, concluded, took a chance and formulated a solution. Faiz sailed through the same oceans, reasserted the love that animates man’s search but he left it at that, satisfying himself with a direction dictated by the material dialectic of man. Iqbal tries to decipher the will of God and finds it reflected in the will of man. Faiz tries to decipher the will of God and finds it in the love of man. The suspension between heaven and earth gives his poetry an ethereal quality that leaves one longing for more. Iqbal’s work has the ethereal quality but it is firmly tethered to the throne of God and the world of man. Faiz’s poetry presents a paradox. He is the poet of justice and love but seeks its fulfillment in a material dialectic. This dichotomy

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In accepting the Lenin Prize in Moscow in 1962, Faiz said: “Every foundation you see is defective, except the foundation of love, which is faultless.” It takes moral courage to love even when you see the ugly face of tyranny, and have felt its heavy hand on your personal self. Faiz demonstrates that moral courage. It is in this moral courage as well as the enduring value of love that one has to look for the greatness of Faiz Ahmed Faiz. However, Faiz was no social reformer. As a poet, he was the universal voice of the oppressed. He sought the redress for injustice in a material dialectic which has since been discredited. His poetry, with its universal appeal to justice and love, transcends his culture and is accessible to all humankind cutting across religion, race, nationality and time. By contrast, Iqbal was a poet, a thinker, a social and political reformer who stayed within his tradition and sought to expand its envelope to include all humankind. He was a risk taker who injected himself into the process of history and was willing to face the failures and disappointments that are all too characteristic of human effort. Iqbal was a man of action and it was through action that he sought to discover the Essence of man. Faiz was a mirror which showed the contorted face of zulm. It was an ugly face but even while he looked at the ugly face, he saw the beauty behind it and fell in love with it. In conclusion, Iqbal was the exponent of human Essence, the voice of human longing to find God through history. Faiz was the poet of human love, the voice of der angst, the human agony in its separation from God. Two great men, two great souls, two poets without whom Urdu poetry would not be the same, two stars illuminating the canvas of human history with their light, a light reflected through Noor e Muhammadi, the Light of Existence. WOMEN FROM P25

it hard to forgive ourselves, we often find it harder to forgive others. I don’t believe in the saying, “forgive and forget” because it denies us the power that comes with experience. So instead, I value another ideal. Forgive, learn, and move on. Remember that the flesh of a human being is haram As Muslims, we like to focus on halal and haram. We will drive five miles out of our way to buy halal meat, but we find great pleasure in eating each other alive. I’m talking about gossip of course. What an emotional rush we get when we pass along juicy tidbits of our neighbor’s torrid lives! It is an addiction which we have all reveled in at some time or another, and this may be the hardest thing to give up. But personal and social empowerment requires that women find a way to lift each other up spiritually and emotionally, not peck away at each other like rabid vultures. When you catch yourself going down that road, veer to another topic. Welcome your new hyphenated identity WOMEN, P26


COMMENTARY n By Nausheen Pasha-Zaidi

O

Chandler, Arizona

ften times when you read an article that espouses a certain formula for “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”, the writer seems to be coming from a perspective that clearly indicates that he or she is an expert in the field.

When I was expecting my first child, for instance, my home was filled with parenting magazines that told me what I should and should not be doing to raise the perfect baby. Every developmental stage was addressed and checked off. I was certain that I had all the answers because I had dutifully studied the advice of all the experts. In fact, it wasn’t until I had brought my sweet bundle home and he proceeded to water the lawn on our new couch in the middle of his first real diaper change that I realized that “experts” can sometimes be full of crock. Did that revelation somehow lessen what I had learned? Absolutely not! On the contrary, it taught me a greater lesson about life than all the experts put together. Don’t just read — think critically. I say this to preface my true intent because the word “empowerment” is laden with multiple connotations. To some, it is equivalent to the “evil wrath of feminism”. To others, it is the ability to control some aspects of your destiny, to have a voice, to make a difference. For me, empowerment is balance, creating and sustaining harmony in all aspects of your life. It is with this definition in mind that I’m presenting some guidelines to help us all attain some form of empowerment. Open a personal checking account It is absolutely imperative for every woman to have a personal bank account. Many women leave finances to their husbands, fathers, brothers. Regardless of who pays the bills in your house or who brings in the money, every woman needs to have an account that is hers alone. Even more important than that, every woman

AUGUST 2, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P25

A Muslim Woman’s Guide to Empowerment needs to sustain that account by adding money to it each month. If you work, take some of your income and put it away. If you don’t work outside the home, take some of the household money you are given and put that in your account. Any monetary funds you receive as gifts should be put into that account as well. Financial freedom needs to be one of our goals. Tear up the litmus test Most Muslim women know about the litmus test, whether we use that term or not. It is the test of faith that is represented through the use or non-use of hijab. Wouldn’t it be lovely to blame this test on the patriarchal society at large? Unfortunately, women are often the ones that are propagating this silent civil war. As a result, within the social context, there is an instant division of forces between those who wear hijab and those who do not. I will not address the validity of either side here. I prefer to leave judgment in the hands of the Almighty. It is the test itself that must be thrown out. “United we stand. Divided we fall.” Anything that does not unite us will tear us apart, and there is no empowerment in disarray. Get out of the house Women need to move out of their realm of comfort. It’s a scary world out there if you’ve never left the confines of your family, home, or community. The longer you wait to explore the larger social and cultural environment, the more difficult it becomes. You are the one to set your boundaries. You can make them small, well-defined rock walls, or you can create a flexible, breathable mesh layer that allows you to experience the different colors of the world while maintaining your own sense of security. Join a gym or a playgroup. Attend your children’s PTA meetings. Get a job. Volunteer. There are so many ways to build a more diverse set of relationships. Look around you and be creative. Be a front-seat driver

n By Marsha Friedman

R

ecently, a colleague asked me, “What was the most rewarding mistake you ever made in business?”

It’s a great question, and I quickly had an answer for him because it was an incredibly painful mistake. However, it proved to be an invaluable lesson that has served me well in the years since. I’m sharing so perhaps you can learn it the easy way. The lesson: Don’t ever stop marketing because you think you’ve reached the point where you don’t need to. And, secondarily, believe the old adage that warns, “Don’t put all your eggs into one basket.” There’s a story, of course! Years ago, my public relations company connected with a large publishing house that served many prestigious authors. The first few of its authors we accepted as clients had such successful campaigns, we quickly became the publicity firm of record for this publisher. I thought we’d tapped the mother load! The publisher kept a steady stream of clients flowing to us, and eventually, they became about 80 percent of our business. We were so focused on delivering for these authors that we became much less focused on getting our company name out to prospective new clients. We slowly stopped marketing. Our newsletters ground to a halt. We didn’t waste time networking. We quit our efforts to get the same publicity for our company that we get for clients. Why bother? We didn’t need new clients! We had a whole basket full of beautiful perfect eggs and we were happily skipping along with it. And then … it broke. The publisher ran into some serious problems with its investors and the business came crashing down. And guess who almost went with it? Our eggs were cooked. Faced with only a few clients and no prospects, we got busy fast and cranked up the marketing department (me!) again. It

Unless you live in a city where public transportation is readily available or you have the monetary funds to hire a chauffeur, be prepared to get a driver’s license. It is an absolute necessity in most parts of the United States. When a woman cannot drive, she is utterly dependent on drivers around her for transportation. This is a psychological trap which can proliferate a sense of isolation, powerlessness, and dependency. Don’t go there. Learn the dominant language of the land There is nothing more frustrating than being unable to communicate your own thoughts to those around you. When you don’t know the language, you feel lost and alone, caught in the confines of an invisible prison. Language help is usually available at community centers, local schools, libraries. An interpreter is a good way to transition, but it should not be seen as a long-term solution. Take responsibility for yourself. Listen to your children As I progress into my thirties, I can see the differences between my experiences growing up and those of my children. Having been raised in the States, I feel more comfortable

with the lingo of the younger generation than those who may be newer immigrants. This does not, however, preclude me from falling into the generation gap. The world is constantly changing and the issues our children face will always be slightly different than ours. So how do we raise a new generation of American Muslims when all we have is our own somewhat-outdated viewpoint? I think most people understand that we have to talk to our children. But talking can be overrated — especially if it’s in the form of a one-way lecture. The only way we will know what our children need is by listening to them. Life is hectic and we spend so much time giving directions (pick up your toys; brush your teeth; turn off the TV; eat your dinner) that we often don’t leave enough room for real communication. I usually listen to my children in the car. That’s the only time I have them in one place where they can’t run away or find more interesting things to occupy them. Bedtime, dinner time, story time — find what works for you and let your children have the stage. It’s amazing what you can learn. Embrace lifelong learning Learning occurs when we are

The Most Rewarding Marketing Mistake

took awhile to regain the momentum we’d lost but, thankfully, we had a side business that could help pay the bills in the interim. Slowly but surely (this was before the age of social media, which really speeds things up), we built up a new list of prospects and clients – only this time from a diverse array of sources. It was a terrible but powerful experience that demonstrated very clearly: No matter how great things seem to be going, you never stop marketing. It needs to be a constant hum because if that hum stops, you know there will be a big problem ahead. I stopped marketing because I thought I had all the clients I needed. Over the years I’ve seen others make the same mistake but for different reasons. Here are a few: One great publicity hit is a really bad reason to stop marketing. I’ve talked to people who believed if we could just get them on “The Oprah Winfrey Show” (before 2011) or “The Ellen DeGeneres Show,” that was all they’d need. They’d be done. Yes, a big national show can give you a tremendous launch, but you

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able to attach new knowledge to the existing database in our brain. Brain cells or neurons are connected to other brain cells through synapses. There are billions of neurons in the human brain and research indicates that those individuals with higher levels of education have more synaptic connections in the area of the brain that is used in higher thinking and reasoning. In other words, lifelong learning keeps the brain fit much like aerobics keeps the body fit. That perfect shade of lipstick may fade by the end of the evening, but a beautiful mind is always in style. Beware of group mentality The psychology of a group is very different from the psychology of an individual. Social groups can be exhilarating and protective as well as judgmental and dangerous. Groups tend to emerge from similarities in philosophy, backgrounds, education, faith — any descriptor that bonds people together while distinguishing them from others. A group can get much more accomplished than an individual alone, but it can also stifle critical thought. Keeping in mind that people often don’t behave the same in large social settings as they would within an interpersonal realm, it is important for women in social groups to encourage diverse perspectives and embrace viewpoints that may be different from the majority. Allow yourself the luxury of your mistakes Experience is the greatest teacher. When we think about the important moments in our lives, we like to remember festive occasions. Major milestones like graduations, weddings, births change the course of our lives, but it is through our mistakes, the analysis of our errors, that we often learn the greatest lessons. “To err is human.” And yet most of us may still cringe when we recall those errors because we don’t want to focus on past regrets. Let go. Allow yourself to be human. When a past error haunts you in the middle of a sleepless night, be thankful for it and forgive yourself. In the same vein, if we find

WOMEN, P24

won’t keep soaring unless you do something to stay in the public eye. I guarantee you, there are plenty of people you never heard of who got their “big break” and then disappeared because they stopped marketing. Most of us won’t get those huge hits – and that’s not a reason to stop, either. I haven’t been on “Oprah” but I often hear from prospective clients that I or my business was recommended to them by someone I’ve never met and don’t know. That’s what good, sustained marketing does. It may not always create fireworks, but that doesn’t mean it’s not working for you. Yesterday’s story is old news. Look for fresh new ways to stay in the public eye. The publicity you get today can continue to work for you online, but eventually, it’s going to be old news. We encourage our clients to post links to their publicity on their websites; it shows visitors that they have credibility with the media. But if those visitors see only publicity and testimonials that are five or 10 years old, they’re going to wonder why no one’s been interested in you more recently. Just as I put all my eggs in one basket by relying on one source for clients, it’s also a mistake to rely on just one marketing tool. Maximize the reach of the publicity you get in traditional media by sharing it on social media. Put a blog, or other content you can renew and refresh, on your website. Write a book. Do speaking engagements (for free, if necessary). Your audience is likely not all huddled together in one corner of the world. To reach them, use a variety of marketing tools. Whatever it is you’re promoting – your business, your product, your book, yourself – keep the momentum going. If you want people to know you’re out there, you have to stay out there. (Marsha Friedman is a 23-year veteran of the public relations industry. She is the CEO of EMSI Public Relations (www. emsincorporated.com), a national firm that provides PR strategy and publicity services to businesses, professional firms, entertainers and authors. Marsha is the author of Celebritize Yourself and she can also be heard weekly on her Blog Talk Radio Show, EMSI’s PR Insider every Thursday at 3 p.m. EST.)


COMMENTARY

P26 – PAKISTAN LINK – AUGUST 2, 2013

How Interest Rate Changes May Affect Your Investments n By Saghir Aslam Irvine, CA

(The following information is provided solely to educate the Muslim community about investing and financial planning. It is hoped that the ummah will benefit from this effort through greater financial empowerment, enabling the community to live in security and dignity and fulfill their religious and moral obligations towards charitable activities) The rise and fall of interest rates is one of the biggest factors influencing the economy, financial markets and our daily lives. It is important to have a basic understanding of how interest rate changes could affect not only your wallet but also your investment portfolio. Simply put, interest rates help control the flow of money in the economy. Typically the Federal Reserve lowers interest rates to jump-start the economy. Lower interest rates mean consumers may be willing to spend more money as the cost to finance a purchase is relatively inexpensive. This stimulates the economy in a variety of ways, including increased revenues from products sold to the consumers and taxes generated from those sales. Investors, on the other hand, have a different perspective. Bond Investors: As interest rates fall, the prices of previously issued bonds tend to rise. The new issues are offered at lower, less appealing rates. That makes bonds with higher interest rates much more desirable and that much more in demand. On the other hand, those who plan to hold their bonds to maturity aren’t really affected by falling rates, with the exception of reinvestment risk. One way issuers may take adWOMEN FROM P24

While working on my near-defunct PhD, I visited a university in Oklahoma where I met a very nice woman in the admissions office. It must have been a pleasant conversation for the most part because I have no recollection of it. It was only towards the end that she made a remark that has stayed with me to this day. Let me just say that after living in the United States for over twenty-five years, I’m pretty confident in the duality of my ethnic identity. So, when the nice lady said, “I’m so glad you’re here”, I thought she was welcoming me to the university. However, upon further investigation, I realized that she was not welcoming me to the university, but welcoming me to the United States, because “you know what they do to women in Pakistan”. Considering that my personal experiences of my homeland were filled with some wonderful memories of cousins and grandparents (as well as some notso-wonderful memories of dysentery), I wasn’t sure that I wanted to pursue that line of thinking. Some years later, another very enlightened fellow indicated that he really disliked those “other American people” who did not welcome immigrants to his country. When he met immigrant families, he always went out of his way to make them feel at home. On the surface, this sounded lovely, but being a first generation immigrant, this “welcome mat” philosophy always seemed to reinforce the idea of being an outsider in American culture, even if we had grown up on US soil. How many generations must pass in the United States before we become

vantage of falling rates, is by calling their outstanding bonds and issuing new bonds at lower rates. Once the higher interest paying bonds are called, investors looking for a fixed rate of return are faced with lower yielding fixed income alternatives. To offset this risk, it’s important to have a diverse portfolio of fixed income investments with a variety of maturities and call features to withstand fluctuations in rates. Stock Investors: Falling interest rates tend to have a positive impact on the stock market, especially stocks of growth companies. Companies that tend to borrow money to finance expansions tend to benefit from declining rates. Paying lower rates of interest decreases the cost of the debt, which may positively affect a company’s bottom line. The stock prices of those companies may rise as a result, driving the market in such a way that prices of other stocks may follow suit. When the Federal Reserve decides to raise interest rates, its goal is usually to slow down an overheating economy. Changes in interest rates tend to affect the economy slowly – it can take as long as 12 to 18 months for the effects of the change to permeate the entire economy. Slowly, as the cost of borrowing increases, banks lend less money and businesses put growth and expansion on hold. Consumers may begin to cut American enough to welcome others? Then, the answer came to me. First, we have to welcome ourselves. This means that we have to acknowledge that we are no longer a single ethnicity within a homogeneous population. We are all hyphenated Americans. We need to build upon our heritage, not deplete it. That requires, again, critical thinking. What traditions do we want to keep and which ones are we willing to accommodate? How do we raise our children to value both ethnicities without sacrificing either? These are not questions that can be answered by “experts” because they involve personal reflection and family values. However, as hyphenated Americans, we need to respect the commonality in both cultures. This is the home you have chosen. When you focus on common values, not cultural backgrounds, you lay out your own welcome mat to diversity, tolerance, and friendship. CULTURE FROM P23

back on spending as the expense of financing a purchase increases. This reverses the effects that lower interest rates had on the economy and, again, investors are affected differently. Bond investors: In a rising interest rate scenario, the demand for bonds with lower interest rates declines. New bond issues are offered at higher, more appealing rates, driving the price of existing bonds lower. Stock investors: Rising interest rates can have a positive or negative impact on the stock market. In some cases, rising rates can send jitters through the market, resulting in falling stock prices. In other cases, the stock market may respond favorably. In addition, rising interest rates may affect certain industry groups more than others. For instance, growth companies often find it necessary to borrow money in order to expand. Rising interest rates increase the cost of their debt, which in turn decreases profit. As a result, the prices of their stocks may fall. If you’re interested in learning more about what changing interest rates mean for you, a Financial Advisor can help you better understand the effects interest rates may have on your portfolio. (Saghir A. Aslam only explains strategies and formulas that he has been using. He is merely providing information, and NO ADVICE is given. Mr. Aslam does not endorse or recommend any broker, brokerage firm, or any investment at all, or does he suggest that anyone will earn a profit when or if they purchase stocks, bonds or any other investments. All stocks or investment vehicles mentioned are for illustrative purposes only. Mr. Aslam is not an attorney, accountant, real estate broker, stockbroker, investment advisor, or certified financial planner. Mr. Aslam does not have anything for sale.)

Exchange Rates for Currency Notes* Countries

USA S.Arabia UK Japan Euro UAE

Selling Rs. 102.82 27.42 157.57 1.0467 136.27 27.99

Buying Rs. 100.38 26.75 153.83 1.0213 133.04 26.76

(*Source: Dawn, July 31, 2013)

U.S. VISA AVAILABILITY IN AUGUST 2013

For Pakistan, Bangla Desh & India Compiled by: Hasan Chishti

FAMILY SPONSORED PREFERENCES

Pakistan/Bangla Desh

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and they have all fulfilled the requirement. Doing the same ritual with the exalted media fanfare does not make them any different. More importantly, this democratic superiority does not reflect in any of the party’s behaviors and decisions. The Chief Minister of KPK has three of his close relatives elected on the seats reserved for women. The same is the case with the parties that did not have ‘democratic party structures’ and are branded as dynastic by the PTI. So whether or not the PTI had genuine intra-party elections, the political culture, the end result remains the same. The same is the situation in all other aspects. PTI too awarded tickets to the same old clique of politicians that included fraudsters, tax evaders and fake degree holders. But what’s more irksome is that every now and then we come to know about some silent, selfless warriors waging a heroic struggle within the party and sacrificing their career, life and what not, and then suddenly they find reasons to revolt. These valiant revolutionaries who had, we are told, foregone opportunities worth millions of dollars and instead opted to serve the party generally fall out for very petty gains. Even more irritating are their antics that follow the bold revolts. Shireen Mazari resigns and rejoins. Fauzia Kasuri resigns and rejoins. This makes it evident that the party has not institutionalized internal decision making and like any other,

Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizens (IR): The spouse, widow(er) and unmarried children under 21 of a U.S. citizen, and the parent of a U.S. citizen who is 21 or older.

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Returning Residents (SB): Immigrants who lived in the United States previously as lawful permanent residents and are returning to live in the U.S. after a temporary visit of more than one year abroad.

A party with a democratic structure has never happened to this country. There are cults driven by ‘charismatic’ personalities. There are mafias run by gangs of criminals. There are congregations lead by clerics. There are dynasties and fiefdoms but no party. PTI boasted to gift the country one, but it hasn’t. None of its acts show it is any different from the others. The PTI party elections were a sham. Organizing intra-party elections is a legal requirement for all. There are 250 political parties registered with the CULTURE, P29 Election Commission of Pakistan

1st Unmarried sons & daughters of U.S. Citizens

Sept. 1, 2006

Sept. 1, 2006

2-A Spouses and unmarried children of permanent residents

Current

Current

2-B Unmarried sons & daughters (21 years of age or older) of permanent residents

Dec. 1, 2005

Dec. . 1, 2005

3rd Married sons & daughters of U.S. citizens

Dec.. 8, 2002

Dec. 8, 2002

4th Brothers & sisters of adult U.S citizens

June 22, 2001

June 22, 2001

EMPLOYMENT BASED CATEGORY 1st Priority workers

Current

2nd Members of the professions holding advanced degree or persons of exceptional ability

Current

January 1, 2008

3rd Skilled workers Other workers

Jan. 1, 2009 Jan. 1, 2009

January 22, 2003 January 22, 2003

4th Certain special immigrants Certain religious workers

Current Current

Current Current

5th Employment creation Targeted Employment Areas/ Regional centers Pilot Programs

Current

Current

Current Current

Current Current

Current

UNLIMITED FAMILY-BASED


RELIGION

AUGUST 2, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P27

Zakat: The Meaning and Purpose n By Dr Muzammil H. Siddiqi … So keep up the prayer, give Zakat and hold fast to Allah: He is your Protector – an excellent protector and an excellent helper. (Al-Hajj 22:78) Receive (O Prophet) from their wealth some charity in order to cleanse them and purify them and pray for them – indeed your prayer will be a comfort for them- Allah is all hearing and all knowing. Do they not know that it is Allah Himself who accepts repentance from His servants and receives what is given freely for His sake? Indeed Allah is always ready to accept repentance, most merciful. Say (Prophet), ‘Take action! Allah will see your action – as will His Messenger and the believers – and then you will be returned to Him who knows what is seen and unseen, and He will tell you what you have been doing. (AlTawbah 9:103-105) Zakat is the third Pillar (rukn) of Islam. After declaring faith (shahadah) the first duty is to pray daily, the Salat, and then to give the prescribed charity, the Zakat. Salat is obligatory on every Muslim whether rich or poor (except for children and women during their monthly period and post-natal bleeding). Zakat is, however, obligatory on every person who has certain amount of wealth, whether male or female, old or young, even sane or insane. In the case of young children or insane persons, if they have wealth, it must be given by their guardians. Zakat is the command of Allah, the right of the poor in the wealth of the rich and it brings many blessings. The word ‘zakat’ itself is chosen by Allah to give us the sense that this is not a burden, but a blessing. It has the meanings of purification, increase and sweetening. Those who are blessed by Allah with enough means, they should help those who are poor and in need. By this giving they bring happiness in the society, purify their hearts from greed and selfishness and entitle themselves to receive more blessings from Allah in this life and in the

Gems from the Holy Qur’an From the translation by Muhammad Asad (Leopold Weiss)

life to come. Allah has promised His mercy on those who give Zakat: … My mercy encompasses everything: I shall ordain it for those who are mindful (of Me) and give the Zakat and those who believe in our Revelations. (Al-A’raf 7:156) Those who do not give Zakat they are considered as polytheists and hypocrites according to the Qur’an: Say (Prophet), ‘I am only a mortal like you, but it has been revealed to me that your God is One. Take the straight path to Him and seek His forgiveness. Woe to the idolaters who do not pay the Zakat and who refuse to believe in the Hereafter. (Fussilat 41:6-7 The hypocrites, both men and women, are all the same: they order what is wrong and forbid what is right and close their hands (from spending). They have ignored Allah and Allah has ignored them. The hypocrites are the disobedient ones. (Al-Tawbah 9:67) Zakat is not like other charities (sadaqat or khairat) that one can give as much and when-

ever one feels like giving and to whomever one likes to give. Zakat has specific rules, just like Salat. It should be carefully calculated, it should be given on time and it should be given only to those who are its lawful recipients. If you give less than what you are supposed to give, your Zakat is not paid. If you did not pay one year or for some years, you still have to pay it. Zakat is obligatory on every Muslim whose wealth has reached or exceeded a certain minimum threshold (nisab) and a lunar year has passed while one has sustained that minimum amount. Zakat is obligatory on personal wealth, commercial merchandise, agricultural produce, and livestock for commercial purpose and on treasure troves. Zakat is not a tax but it is an act of worship (‘ibadah). Unlike taxes it is not taken without considering one’s personal needs. Taxes are taken on income; Zakat is taken after deducting personal and dependants’ expenses. Taxes could be as much as 50% or more; Zakat in most cases does not go beyond 2.5%. On gold, silver, cash, stocks, bonds, savings, retirement accounts etc. The ratio of Zakat is 2.5%, if the wealth meets the Nisab which is the value of 3 ounces (or 85 grams) of gold. On personal wealth, commercial merchandise, Zakat should be paid every year. On agricultural produce Zakat is paid at the time of harvest. Zakat is not obligatory on one’s residential home, car, clothes and other household goods. Zakat

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is not obligatory on those who have outstanding loans; but the basic rule is what the Third Caliph ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan said, “Let one in debt repay his debt, then pay Zakat on his remaining assets.” Those who do not pay off their debt and keep money they have to pay Zakat, if their wealth meets the Nisab and a year has passed on it. Those who need more information should learn or consult those who know the rules. Muslims must organize the Zakat collection so that it can reach to those who deserve it in time. It is to be given to those whom Allah has prescribed in the Qur’an: Indeed the (prescribed) charitable offerings are for the poor, the indigent, those who administer it, those whose hearts are to be reconciled, to (free) those in bondage, to the debtridden, for the cause of Allah and to the wayfarer. This is an obligation from Allah. And Allah is all knowing, all wise. (AlTawbah 9:60) Zakat is taken from the well to do Muslims and it is should be spent on the welfare of those who are in need among them. The rich, those who are capable to work but refuse to work, children, parents and wives of Zakat payers are not eligible for Zakat. Sadaqatul Fitr or Zakatul Fitr: This is a special charity for the month of Ramadan. All those who are supposed to give the Zakat must give Sadaqatul Fitr in Ramadan for themselves as well as on behalf of their dependents. It is estimated about $10.00 per person. This charity should be given during Ramadan or before the Idul Fitr prayer. It is to be given to the poor and needy people so that they can enjoy the happiness of Idul Fitr with other Muslims. (Khutbah at ISOC – Ramadan 18, 1434/ July 26, 2013)

(Recently, a media talk show host, well known for his anti-Muslim bias, thought it fit to make scornful remarks against the Qur’an on TV. In this column, we shall publish selections from this Holy Book so that unacquainted readers of the Pakistan Link may be able to judge for themselves. Translator’s notes will be added where necessary and identified with asterisks.) About the translator: Muhammad Asad, Leopold Weiss, was born in Livow, Austria (later Poland) in 1900, and at the age of 22 made his first visit to the Middle East. He later became an outstanding foreign correspondent for the Franfurter Zeitung, and after his conversion to Islam travelled and worked throughout the Muslim world, from North Africa to as far East as Afghanistan, India and Pakistan. After years of devoted study he became one of the leading Muslim scholars of our age. His translation of the Holy Qur’an is one of the most lucid and well-referenced works in this category. It is hoped that the reader will be encouraged to read the entire text of Muhammad Asad’s translation, “The Message of the Qur’an”, including Appendices I to IV, which clear up some doubts and misconceptions which have arisen, especially in the western world. Chapter 1, Al-Faatihah (The Opening) Verses 1-6 In the name of God, the most Gracious, the Dispenser of Grace: All praise is due to God alone, the Sustainer of all the worlds, the Most Gracious, the Dispenser of Grace, Lord of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and unto thee alone do we turn for aid. Guide us on the straight way – the way of those upon whom Thou hast bestowed Thy blessings, not of those who have been condemned [by Thee], nor of those who go astray! Chapter 2, Al-Baqarah (The Cow) Verses 2-5 This Divine writ – let there be no doubt about it – is [meant to be] a guidance for all the God-conscious who believe in the [existence of] that which is beyond the reach of human perception, and are constant in prayer, and spend on others out of what we provide for them as sustenance; and who believe in that which has been bestowed from on high upon thee, [O Prophet,] as well as in that which was bestowed before thy time*: for it is they who in their innermost are certain of the life to come! It is they who shall receive guidance from their Sustainer; and it is they, they, who shall attain to a happy state! *Translator’s note: This is a reference to one of the fundamental doctrines of the Qur’an: the doctrine of the historical continuity of divine revelation. Life – so the Qur’an teaches us – is not a series of unconnected jumps but a continuous, organic process: and this law applies also to the life of the mind, of which man’s religious experience (in its cumulative sense) is a part. Thus the religion of the Qur’an can be properly understood only against the background of the great monotheistic faiths which preceded it, and which, according to Muslim belief, culminate and reach their final formulation in the faith of Islam. ______________


CLASSIFIED & MATRIMONIAL

P28 – PAKISTAN LINK – AUGUST 2, 2013

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Respectable female, divorced with 2 young kids, looking to work as a house worker or live-in nanny, for a divorced/widowed gentleman - for minor household chores, pick-up/ drop-off kids to school, some cooking. Requiments: Separate private room with meals plus negotiable compensation. Please call (760) 608-1614.

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PAKISTAN CULTURE FROM P26

it too, survives on a system of patronage flowing from the top. (Tahir Mehdi works with Punjab Lok Sujag, a research and advocacy group that has a primary interest in understanding governance and democracy. – Courtesy Dawn) DEALING FROM P6

and would directly benefit from such an act. I think our armed forces are capable of taking on these two groups who have caused a similar situation in our country. There is an increasing opinion in Pakistan that they in fact want to do so having suffered seriously at their hands, but are just waiting for a consensus to develop within our own people and political leadership. This is so since it would be impossible to move decisively against these groups without the full support of the majority of our people. In closing, I would like to say that the new political establishment will need to step up to the plate and take difficult decisions to ensure that the country can prosper and be rid of terrorism. I say this since: (a) Pakistanis, as of today at least, have not moved sufficiently to the right to tolerate a regime that was witnessed in Afghanistan under the Taliban or an environment that was witnessed in Swat, in their own country. This is evidenced by the public outrage against the shooting of Malala Yusufzai, the bombings of the mazaars in Lahore and other places and the sectarian killings in Quetta and Karachi, recently; (b) Despite what is said across the border in India, most Pakistanis were horrified at the Mumbai attacks and would like to see the killers brought to justice; (c) The main political parties, be they right or left of center in their politics, have a very significant following from educated people who genuinely want a change and would like to see Pakistan get rid of this morass and concentrate on its key domestic development agenda. These people will feel completely let down in case the new political leadership either does not tackle this issue head on or takes a step backwards and follows the path of the Taliban. Since in view of past experience, it is highly unlikely that these groups will change their current behavior, the Government will need to take them head on at one point or another, if it would like to establish the writ of the State across the whole country. The longer we wait the more difficult the task will become. GRADE FROM P4

two, the people of Karachi are caught in the teeth of a pincer. Karachi hasn’t seen its worst days, yet. Nawaz will have to move with calculated speed and doggedness to bring the thugs of Karachi to their knees and liberate its cowering citizenry from their dirty hands. So, fellows, don’t rush into judgment on Nawaz with such unwarranted haste. It’s much too early to pronounce a verdict on him. He has been handed down a can of worms and would need time to sort it out. Patience may not be your strongest suit but what other options do we have as a country. Surely, you wouldn’t like to see Nawaz being meted out the treatment, a la Morsi, at the hands of swaggering generals? K_K_ghori@yahoo.com (The writer is a retired ambassador and career diplomat)

AUGUST 2, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P29 FALLOUT FROM P9

operandi of the militants minutely. We have put forward concrete steps to counter the same. What we need is a whole state machinery response of which law enforcement is just one element. And this cannot happen without KP and Islamabad joining forces.” A former security official warns that Islamabad did not take into its calculus the possible fallout on Pakistan of the Afghan Taliban’s partial or total triumph in Afghanistan. “We tend to have short memories. We have forgotten that it were the Afghan Taliban that had allowed our sectarian outfits to run training camps in Kargha to the south of Kabul and in Khost and had given shelter to their top leaders,” he recalled. – Courtesy Dawn BOND FROM P13

for a week in six of London’s boroughs. Their message said: “In the UK illegally? Go home or face arrest.” Leaflets with the same message will be distributed for a month. The Home Office statement said the visa bond “is the next step in making sure our immigration system is more selective, bringing down net migration from the hundreds of thousands to the tens of thousands while still welcoming the brightest and the best to Britain.” BALOCHISTAN FROM P12

source of trouble rather than averting terrorism,” he remarked. On load-shedding problem, Dr Baloch said the provincial government was determined to resolve the issue of power outages. He agreed the situation was grave when it comes to availability of power supply in Balochistan. Speaking in the house, parliamentary leader of Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party, Rahim Ziaratwal, said no parallel government can be allowed in Balochistan. He observed there was no justification for Baloch separatists to blow up electric pylons in the province. Opposition leader Maulana Wasey urged upon the government to expedite efforts for the restoration of durable peace in the province. SABA FROM P20

support in helping with sustainability of this project for the remaining month of Ramadan. Iftaar for orphans will cost $100 for one day and Iftaar for 300-400 poor and needy people will cost $300 for one day. MPAC FROM P20

Villaraigosa, Rep. Jan Perry (D-CA), editors and writers from The Los Angeles Times, producers from KABC Channel 7 and the artists at Cornerstone Theater Company. In addition, the delegates took a tour of the Japanese American National Museum, which was followed by a discussion on the impact of denying a sect of society their inherent civil rights and civil liberties. These three days will expose youth to these vital areas of society, and they will also allow the delegates to develop their networking skills and meet new young leader peers. Don’t miss out! Founded in 1988, MPAC is an American institution which informs and shapes public opinion and policy by serving as a trusted resource to decision makers in government, media and policy institutions. MPAC is also committed to developing leaders with the purpose of enhancing the political and civic participation of American Muslims.

EID FROM P1

the horizon about 17 minutes after the sunset. 2: The FCNA takes scientifically guaranteed astronomical calculations as the valid method of lunar month’s affirmation. The calculations ascertain that the new moon of 29 hours old will be on Southern California horizon on August 7, 2013, therefore we accept that certain knowledge as a Shara’i reason to declare that Thursday, August 8, 2013 will be the first day of Shawwal. 3: Additionally the new moon will be sight-able by a telescope in California. That possibility of a telescopic sighting in California strengthens FCNA’s position. Many Muslim jurists accept telescopic sighting as a genuine Shara’i sighting. 4: The moon should easily be sighted in Chile, South America, by the naked eye. Chile is in the same time zone as the US Eastern time zone and shares the night with us. The definite news of naked-eye sightings should arrive to the US by 7:00 pm PDT, long before the sunset in California. That nakedeye sighting report will additionally substantiate the FCNA’s position as we share the night with Chile. 5: Both California’s telescopic and Chile’s naked eye sighting will also fulfill the global sighting criterion which is the original juristic criterion for the affirmation of lunar months. All four Imams have agreed that moon sighting anywhere in the globe is sufficient of a Shara’i reason to declare the new Islamic month. That criterion will be fulfilled on Wednesday, August 7th as the new moon will be sight-able by telescope in California and by the naked eye in Chile. 6: Many established Shara’i criteria of the new month’s declaration are being fulfilled on Wednesday, August 7, 2013. Therefore, as announced earlier, Eid al-Fitr will be on Thursday, August 8, 2013. Eid al-Fitr Mubarak! PRESIDENT FROM P1

two prime ministers were controlled by the “presidential remote.” Mamnoon and PML-N leaders would have heaved a sigh of relief after getting support from the MQM, and would now try to repair the damage caused to PML-N’s alliances by their visit to Nine Zero. Mamnoon’s first challenge will begin from his hometown and home province. Will he meet the Sindhi nationalists and Sindhi leaders within the party like Mumtaz Bhutto, Liaquat Jatoi, Hakim Baloch, Marvi Memon, Shafqat Jamot, and above all PML-N’s Sindh President Syed Ghous Ali Shah to assure them that the government would not go into an alliance with the MQM? That, actually, may not be true. The situation may also not be easy for the new president in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, where the PTI and its allies are ruling. Imran Khan has already announced countrywide protest after Eid against the charges of rigging in the May 11 elections. The PPP can extend its support to Imran, not only in the protest but also in the by-elections, if such an understanding is developed. Besides, Awami National Party, Pakistan Muslim League (Q), Qaumi Watan Party, BNM (Awami) and even PML-N’s allies Jamiat Ulemae-Islam are not very happy with the process. It is now the responsibility of

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Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his team to rescue Mamnoon from this situation and start the damage control process as opposition would like to make the presidential election a controversial bane. With seasoned PPP leaders on one side and the energetic PTI team led by the charismatic Khan on the other, it will not be easy for the PML-N to counter the situation. The new president’s biggest challenge is to keep the presidency away from political controversies. But can he do it in a situation where he would be under attack all the time? Let us see. VOTES: The nominee of the ruling Pakistan Muslim League-N, Mamnoon Hussain, won the presidential election on Tuesday with ease, but with a blemish due to a boycott led by the largest opposition party that may rankle during his five-year term beginning in September. Mr Hussain, a 73-year-old Karachi businessman, secured 432 votes of an existing 674-vote parliamentary electoral college against just 77 of opposition Pakistan Tehreek-iInsaf (PTI) candidate Wajihuddin Ahmed in polling held at parliament in Islamabad and in the four provincial assemblies. CEC FROM P1

the next Chief Election Commissioner sufficient time and opportunity to prepare and lead the Election Commission for the general elections of 2018,” said the letter which has been submitted to the president for approval. A presidential spokesman confirmed the receipt of the letter. Ebrahim’s resignation comes after the Election Commission and the Supreme Court came under fire from lawmakers during a session of the National Assembly and the Senate, with some members demanding that the Chief Election Commissioner resign from his post. CEC Tried to Set aside Court Order: Justice Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim was displeased by the Supreme Court’s decision to change the presidential poll schedule and went to the extent of making an abortive attempt to set aside the verdict on the day he scrutinized the candidates’ nomination papers. According to an official of the Commission, the CEC had written a note declaring the court’s decision an attack on the independence of the ECP. He wanted his fellow members to endorse the note and decide that the election would be held in accordance with the original schedule announced by the commission. But the move was not supported by three (of the four) available members who were of the view that the ECP should have taken that stand during the hearing of PML-N leader Raja Zafarul Haq’s petition seeking change in the election schedule. GOVERNOR FROM P1

“I can be a bridge between overseas Pakistanis and Pakistanis here and work for the betterment of both.” Punjab is home to half of Pakistan’s 180 million people and is the country’s wealthiest province, thanks to its fertile fields and industry in the booming city of Lahore, home to an ancient Mughal fort. But like other parts of the South Asian country, Punjab is also plagued by unemployment, power blackouts and growing militancy - a challenge Sarwar said he was ready for. “I believe life is in the hands of God. If you are in politics, you have

Kashmiri American Council Condemns Killings and Desecration of Holy Qur’an in Valley Akron Ohio: The Kashmiri Ameri-

can Council (KAC) Board of Directors convened in an extraordinary session to discuss the recent events in the Kashmir Valley. The Board unanimously condemned the recent desecration of a mosque and the Holy Qur’an in Gool, assault on the Imam, and subsequent murder of six innocent, unarmed protesters. The Board mourned the loss of six more martyrs, and demanded the immediate prosecution of the occupational forces involved. Describing the incident as yet the latest example of Indian occupational forces’ human rights violations, the Board demanded the withdrawal of the guilty forces from the township, and an immediate independent inquiry into the incident. Decrying the oft-repeated call of the puppet government for an inquiry, the Board reminded the world community that there had yet to be a single finding from any of the alleged inquiries into the numerous prior such incidents, and echoed calls made by Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch for a cessation of any and all use of force against the unarmed Kashmiri citizens raising their voices against the brutal murders. The Board welcomed the statement of support from the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) condemning the senseless murders. The KAC condemned the continued arbitrary arrests and detention of not only the leadership, including Syed Ali Shah Geelani, M. Yasin Malik, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq and Shabir Ahmad Shah, but also of numerous youth now being detained for having committed the crime of raising their voices against the brutal murders. The Board called for the immediate release of all innocent youth, and the immediate halt to all such tactics. The Board praised the courage demonstrated by the people of Kashmir, and that of Kashmir’s civil society, in their continued willingness to raise their voices against continued Indian human rights violations.

Eid Festival The city of Anaheim is to sponsor an Eid Festival and has secured the Downtown Anaheim Promenade for the weekend of August 17th and 18th, 2013 for the purpose, says a message. The venue can accommodate 200,000 visitors. There will be a bazaar, food vendors, displays, carnival rides, nasheed and more for the entire weekend, insha’Allah. For more details please contact Belal Dalati at 714 448 9633 or visit www.eidfestival.net to do the right thing and some people are not going to like it,” Sarwar, who served three terms as a member of parliament for Glasgow, told Reuters by telephone from Lahore. Reflecting on his years in British politics, Sarwar said he had received death threats from racist groups and was also once threatened after helping bring Asian gang members to justice. The men had tortured and killed a Scottish boy and fled to Pakistan. Britain and Pakistan have no extradition treaty but Sarwar stepped in to broker a one-off transfer in 2005.


ENTERTAINMENT

P30 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; PAKISTAN LINK â&#x20AC;&#x201C; AUGUST 2, 2013 ENTERTAINMENT & LIFESTYLE

W

onder Woman and Supergirl now have a Pakistani counterpart in the pantheon of female superheroes one who shows a lot less skin. Meet Burka Avenger: a mildmannered teacher with secret martial arts skills who uses a flowing black burka to hide her identity as she fights local thugs seeking to shut down the girls' school where she works. Sadly, it's a battle Pakistanis are all too familiar with in the real world. The Taliban have blown up hundreds of schools and attacked activists in Pakistan's northwest because they oppose girls' education. The militants sparked worldwide condemnation last fall when they shot Malala Yousafzai, a 15year-old schoolgirl activist, in the head in an unsuccessful attempt to kill her. Action in the "Burka Avenger" cartoon series, which is scheduled to

start running on Geo TV in early August, is much more lighthearted. The bungling bad guys evoke more laughter than fear and are no match for the Burka Avenger, undoubtedly the first South Asian ninja who wields books and pens as weapons. The Urdu language show is the brainchild of one of Pakistan's biggest pop stars, Aaron Haroon Rashid - known to many as simply Haroon - who conceived of it as a way to emphasize the importance of girls' education and teach children other lessons, such as protecting the environment and not discriminating against others. This last point is critical in a country where Islamist militants wage repeated attacks on religious minorities. "Each one of our episodes is centered around a moral, which sends out strong social messages to kids," Rashid told The Associated Press in his first interview about the show. "But it is cloaked in pure entertainment, laughter, action and

AUGUST 2, 2013 - PAKISTAN LINK

adventure." The decision to clothe the superhero in a black burka - also often spelled burqa, a full-length robe commonly worn by conservative Islamic women in Pakistan and Afghanistan - could raise eyebrows because some people view the outfit as a sign of oppression. The Taliban forced women to wear burkas when they took control of Afghanistan in the 1990s. The version worn by the Burka Avenger shows only her eyes and fingers - though it has a sleeker, more ninjalike look than the bulky robes of an actual burka. Rashid, who is certainly no radical Islamist, said he used a burka to give a local feel to the show, which is billed as the first animated series ever produced in Pakistan. "It's not a sign of oppression. She is using the burka to hide her identity like other superheroes," said Rashid. "Since she is a woman, we could have dressed her up like Catwoman or Wonder Woman, but that probably wouldn't have worked in Pakistan." The series is set in Halwapur, a fictional town nestled in the soaring mountains and verdant valleys of northern Pakistan. The Burka Avenger's true identity is Jiya, whose adopted father, Kabbadi Jan, taught her the karate moves she uses to defeat her enemies. When not garbed as her alter ego, Jiya does not wear a burka, or even a less conservative headscarf over her hair. The main bad guys are Vadero Pajero, a balding, corrupt politician who wears a dollar sign-shaped gold medallion around his neck, and Baba Bandook, an evil magician with a bushy black beard and mustache who is meant to resemble a Taliban commander. Caught in the middle are the show's main child characters: Ashu and her twin brother Immu and their best friend Mooli, who loves nothing more than munching on radishes in the company of his pet goat, Golu. In the first episode, Pajero wants to shut down the girls' school in Halwapur so he can pocket the money that a charity gave him to run it. He finds a willing accomplice in Bandook, whose beliefs echo those

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of the Taliban and many other men in conservative, Islamic Pakistan. "What business do women have with education?" says Bandook. "They should stay at home, washing, scrubbing and cleaning, toiling in the kitchen." Bandook padlocks the gate of the school and orders the crowd of young girls outside to leave. Ashu steps forward to resist and delivers a defiant speech about the importance of girls' education - perhaps marking

to go to all those places?" - a reference to how difficult it can be for Pakistanis to travel, given their country's reputation. A group of orphans who were provided an early screening of the first episode at an orphanage on the outskirts of Islamabad laughed and cheered as the Burka Avenger vanquished her enemies. Ten year-old Samia Naeem said she liked the crusading heroine "because she saved kids' lives, she

her as a future activist. "The girls of today are the mothers of tomorrow," says Ashu. "If the mothers are not educated, then future generations will also remain illiterate." Bandook is unmoved, but the Burka Avenger appears and fights off the magician's henchmen with martial arts moves reminiscent of the movie The Matrix. Using his magical powers, Bandook disappears in a puff of smoke. The Burka Avenger hurls a flying pen that breaks open the padlock on the school's gate as the children cheer. The show, which is slickly animated using high-powered computer graphics, does a good job of mixing scenes that will entertain children with those that even adults will find laugh-out-loud funny. In one episode, Bandook builds a robot to take over the world's major cities, including London, New York and Paris. As he outlines his dastardly plan with a deep, evil laugh, one of his minions butts in and says, "But how will we get visas

motivated them for education and school." Rashid, the pop star, funded much of the program himself, but also had help from an outside donor who preferred not to be credited. He leveraged his musical background in the process. Each of the 13 episodes completed so far contains songs written and performed by him and other major Pakistani rock stars, such as Ali Azmat and Ali Zafar. Rashid is producing an album of 10 songs and music videos that will be broadcast alongside the show. He has also created a Burka Avenger iPhone game and a fully interactive website that will accompany the show's launch. In one of the music videos, Rashid and local rap star Adil Omar sing in praise of the Burka Avenger, while standing in front of a pair of colorfully decorated Pakistani trucks festooned with bright lights. "Don't mess with the lady in black, when she's on the attack," they sing. Courtesy Dawn


CALENDAR LINK

AUGUST 2, 2013 – PAKISTAN LINK – P31

DATE

EVENT

LOCATION

FOR MORE INFO CONTACT

With Hardship comes ease

ORGANIZER Texas Islamic Learning Foundation

August 17

Houston

ilftexas.org

Aug 11-Nov17

Weekly Dars-e-Quran Class in Urdu

Sheikh Hafiz Abdul Waheed

Houston

khutba@darsalam.org

August 24

Muslim Home School Conference

Houston

ashraf1179@gmail.com

July 1-August 30

Summer Internship

Muslim Home school California Helping Hand

July 18-Sept 28

Weely Quran Discussion

ICCNC

Oakland

July 19-Oct 25

Berkley Jummah

Omar Rehmane

Berkley

Berkmsa@gmail.com

August 3-4

islah LA/Ibaad.Fundraising Banquet

Islah LA

Anaheim

hollandbook@gmail.com

8-Aug

Eid Prayer and Carnival

Eid Civic`

Chino

info@CVIslamicCenter.org

10-Aug

Toy Drive

Islamic Center of Yorba Linda

Yorba Linda

naqvidawar@gmail.com

11-Aug

Annual Childerns Eid Festival

Ramadan Play Group

Pleasanton

theramadanplaygroup@gmail.com

August 11-17

Muslim Youth Camp

MYC

Wrightwood

info@muslimyouthcamp.org

Aug 12-16

Arab Youth on Record

Arab Youth Institute

San Francisco

arabyouthinstitute@gmail.com

17-Aug

Halal Food Festival

Jam Production

Newark

info@halalfest.com

18-Aug

Independence Day

PASP

San Francisco

www.pasfbayarea.org

7-Sep

Annual Gala

Development of Literacy

Los Angeles

office@dil.org

21-Sep

International Mushaira 2013

Urdu Markaz International

Torrence

urdu@urdumarkaz.com

Corona

koukab.saba@hhrd.us dehghaniabdol@yahoo.com

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COMMUNITY

P32 – PAKISTAN LINK – AUGUST 2, 2013

n By Haris Tarin

White House Iftar Is Reminder of Work Ahead

Washington, 26 July: Last night I had the distinct honor of attending President Barack Obama’s annual Ramadan Iftar at the White House, which celebrates this blessed month by honoring American Muslims’ contributions to our nation. In his remarks, the President stressed the special role the American Muslims experience has had in shaping the US from its founding days and decried the myth that Islam and American Muslims are a foreign element in our country’s diverse mosaic: “Throughout our history, Islam has contributed to the character of our country and Muslim Americans, and their good works, have helped to build our nation -- and we’ve seen the results. We’ve seen those results in generations of Muslim immigrants -farmers and factory workers -- helping to lay the railroads and build our cities. Muslim innovators who helped build some of our highest skyscrapers and who helped to unlock the secrets of our universe.” When I first arrived in Washington, DC, a few years ago, the White House Iftar was a private event reserved for ambassadors of Muslimmajority countries and included little acknowledgement of American Muslims. Now, with the help of God, your support and consistent engagement by American Muslims at all levels in our nation’s capital, almost every single government agency hosts an iftar and celebrates the contributions

of our community. This is an important milestone that we should all celebrate. Of course, there still remain many daunting policy challenges for us to continue to address head-on, from national security to civil liberties to immigration reform to the war in Afghanistan to the use of drones abroad and at home to the Guantanamo Bay Detention Center to peace in the Middle East to unemployment and economic disparity in our communities. This is what drives us at MPAC to continue our work to empower, engage and enlighten in all we do on a daily basis. During this blessed month, I ask you to please support MPAC in continuing our work to

make American Muslims’ voices continue to be heard at the highest levels of decision-making. Just in the first half of this year, we have: • Launched a successful national campaign to have community members urge Congress to pass the Violence Against Women Act. Passed this spring, VAWA will help millions of women have access to the resources to address violence at home and by strangers. And we were honored to be there to watch when President Obama signed it into law. • Helped American Muslim community and student leaders engage media outlets and government officials in the wake of the Boston Marathon attack, trained community

Secretary Napolitano Hosts Third Annual Iftar Dinner

I

n observance of the Islamic holy month of Ramadan, Secretary of Homeland Security (DHS) Janet Napolitano hosted an Iftar dinner on July, 29, 2013. The Iftar was attended by federal agencies, ambassadors of Muslim countries, and representatives of Muslim organizations.

Haroon Azar (DHS) welcomed all to the Iftar followed by Officer Jaber Jami’s call to prayer. Imam Talib Shareef from the National Mosque remarked that during the month of Ramadan, Muslims fast each day from dawn to sunset and then break their fast with an evening meal called Iftar. Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano in her remarks, reechoed President Obama’s observations at the White House Iftar. President Obama had said: “Throughout our history, Islam has contributed to the character of our country, and Muslim Americans, and their good works, have helped to build our nation -- and we’ve seen the results. We’ve seen those results in generations of Muslim immigrants -- farmers and factory workers, helping to lay the railroads and build our cities. Muslim innovators who helped build some of our highest skyscrapers and who helped to unlock the secrets of our universe. Every day, Muslim Americans are helping to shape the way that we think and the way that we work and the way that we do business. And that’s the spirit that we celebrate tonight -- the dreamers, the creators whose ideas are pioneering new industries, creating new jobs and unleashing new opportunities for all of us.”

The Council of Pakistan American Affairs (COPAA) works closely with DHS to resolve issues that the Pakistani American community faces and thanks the Department for all their help and support. Have You Benefited from President Obama’s Affordable Health Care Act (ACA)? When Lupe Yarrita was diagnosed with high blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol, she would have been in a precarious position: she made too much money to enroll in Medi-Cal, yet too little to afford insurance. Fortunately, she was able to enroll in a low-income health program (LIHP), created as a result of the Affordable Care Act, which pays for her doctors’ appointments and medication. Watch Lupe’s inspiring video, and tell us your own health care success story. You could be featured in an upcoming NAM health care article:

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leaders and facilitated conversations with state and government agencies, hosted events around the country to address real community challenges of preventing violent extremism, and helped government agencies respond effectively and with sensitivity. • Met with President Obama and Arab American leaders to share our recommendations on the plight of the Palestinian people and encourage him to understand their suffering and promote a just peace process. • Hired Policy Fellows to study the use of drones at home and abroad, who will provide informed recommendations for Congress and the administration that challenge their unfettered use and ask for better oversight and transparency, and also

submitted a statement for the record at the first congressional hearing on “Drone Wars: The Constitutional and Counterterrorism Implications of Targeted Killing.” • Crafted a major campaign on the immigration reform bill that will have an impact on our community. We are pushing back against Sen. Lindsey Graham’s (R-SC) “terrorism” amendment to that Senate bill that would require background checks for countries that pose a threat to our national security, which will adversely impact Muslim-majority countries and needlessly delay highskilled workers and brilliant minds from coming to America. This is just a small snapshot of just some of the work that we are doing at MPAC on a daily basis to represent you and all American Muslims. All of this requires your engagement and support. During this blessed month, I ask you to please support MPAC in continuing our work to make American Muslims’ voices continue to be heard and make a positive impact for the future of all Americans. We are here to amplify your voice, your concerns and your dreams for the future. Please contribute to MPAC this Ramadan, both with your time and your financial support. Donations to MPAC Foundation are tax-deductible and zakateligible. Tax ID 95-4675391. Extend your support and vote of confidence today. May God bless you and your family.


WOMENS WORLD WOMEN

AUGUST PAKISTAN AUGUST2, 2, 2013 2013 â&#x20AC;&#x201C;- PAKISTAN LINKLINK â&#x20AC;&#x201C; P33

Want to know what's 'in' nowadays? Read on as You! takes a look at the latest trends in accessories this summerâ&#x20AC;Ś

By Samina Shaheen

A

ll women love shopping don't they? For most of us shopping is even better than having chocolates. It not only makes us feel special but also helps in adding new items to our wardrobe. However, it is important for all ladies

to go on a shopping spree every three months as the trends keep on changing and there is always something new in the market. This stands true for shoes, clothes and various accessories. Let's face it ladies, it's necessary not only to look good but also be up to date with all the latest trends. Since it's mid-summer and we are

nearing autumn, the trends have changed and new stuff can be spotted in the stores. Luckily You! is here to guide the readers with a shopping list that points out the items needed to update one's wardrobe. Happy shopping! Handbags Handbags are a must have accessory for all women as they contain our wallets, makeup etc. However, handbags also stand out on their own as a fashion statement. An outdated handbag has the power to ruin the overall look and make a fashionista look like a fashion outcast. Hence, it's essential to pay close attention to the bags one carries. Even though, all ladies probably have more than five handbags stuffed up their closets, it's time to take them out and give them a style check. The trend in handbags has dramatically changed; therefore shopping for new ones should be number one on the to-do list. The typical large bag is officially out. Lowers The trend in lowers has changed a great deal. Even though, jeans are still being worn, flappers and bell bottoms have entered the market and many ladies are spotted wearing them. Apart from that, amongst a few of the consistent trends are of coloured jeans/tights and leggings. An addition that has been made in the fashion world is of printed jeans, leggings and tights. Printed jeans can be found at Outfitters and Crossroads as well as numerous online shopping sites. Whereas, printed tights and leggings are available in a large quantity on facebook shopping pages. Huge bags have been replaced by several edited versions of it. Following are some of the current trends: Envelope bags: These are available in many sizes and are presently popular in the clutch form. Envelope bags can also be found in the shoulder bag form and are available in many malls and online shopping sites. Printed bags: If you love to embrace bold summer trends, than go ahead and rock a pretty print on your purse. This trend can easily take you from desk to dinner, and depending on the type of bag you opt for, it can also dress your look up. Funky and innovative, these bags are here to stay and can be easily found at stores like Accessorize and malls like Gulf, and Park Towers (Karachi). See-through bags: See-through bags are back with a bang. It is amongst one of the trends spotted in the Paris Fashion week and many others. Be it a clutch or a medium sized bag, any type of see-through bag is in rage for now. Messenger bags: 2013 is the comeback of the messenger bags, however this year they are coming back tiny and dainty. This little bag can be very fun and very useful for going out to places where you only need to take few little things like, money, ID, credit cards and a few

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lady items. To own a messenger bag, the easiest shopping tip is to head to Dolmen mall, Clifton. The place has numerous foreign brands that are up to date with the current trends. Strong colour contrast: Strong colour contrast in a bag is a great way to introduce colour to an outfit and in 2013 a colour pop in your handbag is simply a must. In addition this season is all about being 'mix and match' so

bag that has a geometric feature and you will be totally in trend. Such bags will only be available at foreign franchises like Monsoon, Nine West etc. Accessories Nowadays animal jewellery has taken the world by a storm. For example, owl rings, fox pendent, panda earrings, lion bracelet etc. Following the trend of animal jew-

go crazy by opting for bright shades. Such bags can be found in all malls in Karachi and Lahore. Places like Gulf even have a few interesting colour contrasted bags to offer. Last but not least is Sunday bazaar; a place that has all that you want at a reasonable price. Geometric handbags: Geometric fabrics, textures and shapes are back. Repetition of shapes, strong angles and curves are one of the ways you can incorporate a geometric feature into a handbag. So be sure to grab a

ellery is insect and reptile jewellery it is bold as well as innovative. This includes spider necklaces, snake rings, lizard earrings and honey bee bracelet. Such jewellery is not easily available and can be found only at Accessorize and facebook shopping pages. If you aren't the sort who likes to sport jewellery with faces, go for statement metallic jewellery. Wear chunky bracelets and necklaces and pick amongst colours such as silver, bronze and golden. Courtesy The News


COMMUNITY

P34 – PAKISTAN LINK – AUGUST 2, 2013

What is Crystal Microdermabrasion? n By Naila Barlas*

n By Tami Sheikh

* Microdermabrasion is a treatment that improves wrinkles, skin texture, and pigmentation by physically removing the top most layer of skin. It leaves the skin more supple and vibrant. * A sterile tipped vacuum wand is gently drawn across the area to be exfoliated. Micro crystals remove the top layer of the dead skin that are collected in a sterile HEPA filter container. * Microdermabrasion also stimulates the elastic tissues beneath the surface of the skin, resulting in a healthier and firmer appearance. * Face, neck, décolleté, hands, arms, and back, all benefit from Microdermabrasion. What is Diamond tip Microdermabrasion? * Diamond tip Microdermabrasion is a crystal free Microdermabrasion system. It does not involve loose crystals. * A sterile Diamond tipped vacuum wand is gently drawn across the area to be treated. Exfoliated tissue is contained and stored in a sterile HEPA filter. Who could benefit? Both, Crystal and Diamond tipped Microdermabrasion, offer benefits to anyone who would like to improve specific skin condition or wants to rejuvenate the overall health and appearance of the skin. 1Rejuvenate sun damaged skin -Face, neck, shoulders, back, arms, and legs. 2Reduce age spots.

Karachi Be Added to Irvine’s Friendship Cities Program

O

3- Minimize blotchy skin coloring. (Hyper pigmentation). 4Reduce acne and superficial scars from past injury, 5Extracts blackheads and whiteheads. 6Treats oily skin. 7Minimize large pores. 8- Reduce minor to moderate fine lines. 9Improves overall skin health. Best Results:

 Best results are obtained and maintained by doing a series of Microdermabrasion with facial.  Product penetrates deeper after a Microdermabrasion, resulting in producing longer lasting and superior results.  Each treatment is customized to your skin’s specific needs  

n July 23, 2013 the City of Irvine held its weekly City Council meeting. In this meeting Mr Farhan Aziz, the President of Irvine Pakistani Parents Association, IPPA, addressed the Mayor and members of the City Council. In his address, he suggested that Karachi (a coastal city in Southern Pakistan) be added to the list of friendship cities under the Friendship City Program. The City of Irvine’s “Friendship Cities Program” provides Irvine with the opportunity to increase and improve the city’s relationships internationally. Friendship city relationships may include correspondence and communication between mayors, members of the city council, and other community members and may extend to cultural and educational exchanges.

Mr Aziz talked about the efforts of the Pakistani community members who have raised thousands of dollars for Irvine schools and showed constant support for the City of Irvine. He suggested that including Karachi in this Friendship Program would encourage more Pakistani participation in civic life and it would bring more revenue and investments to the City of Irvine. Moreover, it would create a multicultural understanding among the residents of Irvine. *Owner of “Sophia Aly’s Natural A large number of Pakistani community members also attended the meetWellness” in Diamond Bar, Califor- ing to show their support for the proposal by Councilman Larry Agran, a friend nia, 949-292-6139 of the Pakistani community.

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SPORTS SPORTS

AUGUST2, 2, 2013 2013 â&#x20AC;&#x201C;- PAKISTAN LINKLINK â&#x20AC;&#x201C; P35 AUGUST PAKISTAN

Akmal, Bowlers Give Pakistan T20 Series

Pakistan pose with the series trophy after sweeping the T20s, West Indies v Pakistan, 2nd T20I, St Vincent.

ST VINCENT: Umar Akmal's 46 off 36 gave Pakistan the final surge to take them to 135, which their bowlers made look like 185 on a slow, dry and used pitch to give them the Twenty20 series to go with the ODI spoils. Pakistan threatened to leave Ahmed Shehzad's platform of 44 off 46 to waste, but Akmal did just enough with 38 in the last four overs - for the bowlers, who were soon all over the West Indies batting. Sohail Tanvir's extra bounce accounted for Johnson Charles and Marlon Samuels, Mohammad Hafeez got Chris Gayle for the second time in two afternoons, and before you knew West Indies were 17 for 4. A strategic promotion for Sunil Narine injected some life into the chase as he scored 28 off 16, Kieron Pollard gave them

late hope with 23 off 10, but they were fighting too much quality. After Charles edged Tanvir to Akmal, Gayle's horror home season continued as he fell to a leading edge; since his century in the first ODI of the tri-series earlier in the season, Gayle has not crossed 30 in 10 international innings, and has averaged 10.2. Samuels got a bit of a brute that kicked at him just outside off, and took the gove. Lendl Simmons soon played for a Shahid Afridi legbreak, but it didn't turn and took the middle stumps. As Dwayne Bravo fought hard, Narine swung merrily, and enjoyed some good timing and some good luck. The two added 47 in 5.3 overs, and brought the target down 72 off 39. Pollard took time to get going, and by the time he decided everything needed

to go as West Indies needed 62 in four overs. Over the next four balls, he brought out some savage hits against the 34-year-old rookie Zulfiqar Babar, losing two balls and scoring 20 runs. Babar, though, went over the wicket, and managed to get the outer edge, which still carried to deep cover. Immediately, he got rid of Bravo, who also wanted to go over the off side but found long-off. In those two balls, the brief life in the chase had frizzled out. Not even a shambolic no-ball call - for the front foot cutting the side crease could make any difference. In contrast, Pakistan might not have had any such spells of brilliant hitting, but they stayed around the six-anover mark before going for the big runs in the end. J

Cibulkova Takes Revenge on Radwanska to Win Stanford Title

Dominika Cibulkova holds the winner's trophy, in Stanford, California

STANFORD: Dominika Cibulkova avenged an embarrassing defeat to Agnieszka Radwanska by overhauling the top-seeded Pole 3-6 6-4 6-4 to win the Bank of the West Classic. Earlier this year in the Sydney final, Radwanska handed the Slovakian a humiliating 6-0 6-0 loss which Cibulkova said affected her for weeks. But in Sunday's final, the 24year-old Cibulkova immediately shook off her nerves by winning the first game and fought tooth and nail

to seal the win in two-and-a-half hours. "The difference between Sydney and was I made the first game and after that I looked at my coach and said 'Here we go, I am here and it's going to be good today,'" the Slovakian said. "It was big deal for me because I never beat Aga before and she's a really tough competitor and I had to earn every point. It was really tough physically and mentally. That's why I am so happy that I won." J

PCB is in Touch With ICC Over Betting Reports: Najam Sethi

KARACHI: PCB's caretaker chairman, Najam Sethi recently said that the board has communicated with the ICC after a British tabloid claimed that anti-corruption and security unit were probing matches of the recent ODI series between Pakistan and West Indies. Sethi said that the board had already contacted the International Cricket Council in this regard and discussed the media report. "We are in touch with the ICC on this matter and we have told them we need to clarify the situation," he said. Sethi said hopefully the PCB and ICC would be able to issue official statements on the issue soon. The PCB caretaker chief also said he had spoken to the team management in the West Indies and advised the players to focus on ending the tour on a winning tour. British tabloid 'Daily Mail' has claimed in its report that suspicious betting patterns were identified during the five-match ODI series between Pakistan and West Indies, while unusually slow run-rates during certain overs followed by bursts of high scoring had set alarm bells ringing in the ICC. The report stated that "concerns were raised, in particular, around the tied third match of the series played in St Lucia a week ago on Friday, as well as the final game, which resulted in a

last-ball win for Pakistan." The second ODI, which saw Pakistan fail to score a run off the bat in the first five overs after being set 233 to win, will also be scrutinized by officers of the ICC AntiCorruption and Security Unit (ACSU), the report said. A spokesman of the PCB when contacted confirmed the board had gone through the media report which was now reviewed by its legal advisors. "We are also looking at the report from a legal point of view to decide our future line of action and we are in touch with the ICC," the spokesman said. Interestingly, a spokesman of the ICC told Geo News channel that he couldn't comment on the report. "The ICC as a rule does not comment on issues concerning the ASCU," he said. J

Ashes Rivals to Meet at 2015 World Cup

MELBOURNE: England have been drawn in the same group as Australia for the 2015 Cricket World Cup. The Ashes rivals will meet on the opening day of the competition in Melbourne on February 14. They will be joined in Pool A of the 14-team tournament by New Zealand, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and two qualifying nations. The defending champions India will compete in Pool B alongside South Africa, Pakistan, the West Indies, Zimbabwe, Ireland and a qualifier. The event will be jointly hosted by Australia and New Zealand. "The ICC Cricket World Cup is the flagship tournament of the 50-over game," ICC chief executive David Richardson said. "The 2015 tournament will mark 40 years since the first World Cup in 1975 and that history of

great contests and heroes helps make the tournament what it is." J

Pak Women's Cricket Team Qualifies for Women's World T20 After Win Over Ireland DUBLIN: Left-arm spinner Sadia Yousuf's career-best figures of 4 for 9 punched Pakistan's ticket to the Women's World Twenty20 in Bangladesh after a nine-wicket win over Ireland in the first semi-final of the Qualifiers. Pakistan put Ireland in after a a wet outfield caused a delayed start , and captain Isobel Joyce lost her middle stump on the fourth ball of the match. A run-out got rid of tournament top-scorer Clare Shillington before Yousuf plundered four wickets in her first three overs to leave Ireland reeling at 32 for 6 after 13 overs. She was on a hat-trick after having both Laura Delany and Elena Tice stumped off the last two balls of the 13th over. She induced Kim Garth's edge off her next ball, but it landed safely. Garth made an unbeaten 38 but the rest of the line-up could not reach double figures as Ireland were dismissed for 65. The openers took Pakistan almost halfway to victory before Garth removed Nahida Khan for 13, but her partner Javeria Khan and Nain Abidi completed the formalities with 35 balls to spare, though

heavy rain did interrupt play with Pakistan six runs from victory. With three teams slated to

qualify for the World T20, Ireland still have a shot if they beat the loser of the second semi-

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final in the third-place play-off match on July 31. A triple-wicket maiden, which included a run-out as well, by Mai Yanagida could not prevent Zimbabwe from progressing to the Shield final of the Qualifiers. Her 4-1-5-4 kept Japan alive, after they had made only 58, until Zimbabwe sealed the game in the 16th over by three wickets. Zimbabwe's bowlers came up with a miserly performance, reducing Japan to 5 for 2 in the third over. Captain Shizuka Miyaji and Kurumi Ota plugged any further wickets from falling with a 28-run stand, but Ota's wicket in the tenth over initiated a collapse and they were all out for 58 as not a single batsman was able to score in double digits. Zimbabwe were 30 for 2 at the start of the ninth over when Yanagida replaced Shizuka Kubota, and her first ball saw Mary-Anne Musonda run-out. The next ball accounted for Chipo Mugeri, before her final two of the over spelled the end of Christabel Chatonzwa and Ashley Burdett. Now at 30 for 6, Nonhlanhla Nyathi and Josephine Nkomo held firm and took Zimbabwe home. J


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