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Pakistan Link

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Sharif is expected to visit the United States from Sept 24 to 26 for attending the United Nations General Assembly session. A formal announcement is yet to be made but sources at the Foreign Office confirm that the prime minister is travelling to the US to attend the UN summit. If the visit goes ahead as planned, this would be Mr Sharif ’s first overseas visit since Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) and Pakistan Awami Tehrik (PAT) started their sit-ins last month outside the Parliament House, demanding his resignation on allegations of rigging the 2013 general elections. Mr Sharif, who last year spent close to a week in New York, would pay a shortened visit this time. Besides the protests in the capital that have paralyzed the functioning of the government, the other major problem faced byIslamabad is devastation by floods, particularly in the wider central Punjab region. “Due to the political situation PM, P29

Malala, Sharmeen to Receive Asia Game Changer Award

Punjabi Taliban Group Gives up Armed Struggle

No Super Flood Threat to Sindh

A boy herds cattle through floodwater in the Ali Wahan irrigation channel in Sukkur, Sindh, on Monday

Kashmore: Syed Qaim Ali Shah, Chief Minister Sindh, said on Wednesday that the province was not under the threat of a super flood. He made the observation during his visit to the Guddu Barrage and told reporters that 400,000 to 500,000

cusecs of water will pass through Sindh. Qaim Ali Shah adding that the condition of protective embankments was satisfactory. According to the chief minister people living in makeshift housing were being shifted to safer locations. The chief min-

ister further said that the performance of the Sindh and Punjab governments was for everyone to see. An earlier report had claimed a remarkable rise in the Indus water level at Guddu and Sukkur barrages on THREAT, P29

Friday to Be ‘Go Nawaz Go’ Day: Imran

Islamabad:

Karachi: Malala Yousufzai and Sharmeen Obaid Chinoy have been chosen from Pakistan by the Asia Society for the first Asia Game changer awards to be handed out later this year at the United Nations. According to details, Malala, the teenage child education activist who was shot in the head by the Taliban, has been selected for the award “for continuing to dream, and fight for girls the world over, after living a nightmare.” Chinoy, Pakistan’s sole Oscar winner, has been selected to receive the award for her “eye-opening films that give voice to AWARD, P29

Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf Chairman Imran Khan announced on Tuesday that the upcoming Friday would be marked as ‘Go Nawaz Go’ Day and a ‘Day of Deliverance’. Speaking to the participants of the Azadi March, Khan said he would continue the protest movement till Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif resigns. He vowed that he would spend Eidul Azha protesting in the red zone. “Today is the 34th day of the protest and there has been an increase in the participation of the masses,” he claimed. Khan further said that he would burn his electricity bill on Friday to remind the rulers that they have doubled the power rates. His decision

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ISIS Terrorism May Lead to More Hate Crimes

Nawaz Guilty as Charged but He’s Still Our PM! Islamabad: Prime Minister Nawaz

Friday, September 19, 2014

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Nawaz Likely to Attend UN Assembly Session in New York

The Largest Circulated Pakistani-American Newspaper in North America

Imran Khan addresses party supporters during an anti-government protest in Islamabad

to do so comes after reports that the PTI Chairman had actually paid most of his bills since the civil disobedience movement was announced.

In the same speech, Imran alleged that PM Sharif was going to spend another 4 crore rupees on his US Trip. “The Sharif brothers

do not care for the masses. See the lifestyles of their children,” he said. Imran also said that he would go to court FRIDAY, P29

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Islamabad: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, weakened by weeks of demonstrations calling for him to resign, threatened on Wednesday to clear a protest camp established more than a month ago outside government offices in Islamabad. Protesters led by Imran Khan, a former cricket star, and Tahir ulQadri, a firebrand cleric, have been locked in a bitter stand-off with the government since mid-August, refusing to leave their camp until Sharif steps down. The protest leaders accuse Sharif of rigging last year’s election which brought him back to power CAPITAL, P29

Angry Protesters Force PM to Cut Short Relief Visit Multan: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif promised to set up a forum where victims of the flood can air their grievances so their complaints may be resolved as soon as possible, during a visit to camps set up for those affected by the floods near Sher Shah dyke in Multan. However, his words did not placate those in the camps and the prime minister was advised to leave the area after PML-N MPA Muhammad Ali Khokhar and Provincial Minister for Prisons Punjab Abdul Waheed Arain were attacked by a mob. The crowd also attacked vehicles of the civil administration. Both ministers were rescued by police officials while the mob chanted, ‘Go Nawaz go’. An Express News cameraman Muhammad Nazeer was reportedly assaulted by Arain as he aired footage of the flood victims. During his visit, the PM was given a briefing on the condition of those displaced by the floods. PROTESTORS, P29


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OPINION

P4 – PAKISTAN LINK – SEPTEMBER 19, 2014

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Destroyers

n By Mowahid Hussain Shah

A

n old friend from an old Lahore family, exasperated over the antics of his family’s youth, commented: “This is the generation of Destroyers.” His thesis is that the first generation of elders were Builders who sacrificed their today by investing in tomorrow. The second generation (his) ended up depleting their family’s resources; he called them Spenders. The current generation of his family, whom he believes over-sleep, over-eat, and overfrolic, he calls the generation of Destroyers.

The Destroyer label fits into the current state of Pakistan cricket, as vividly depicted in Peter Oborne’s magnum opus, “Wounded Tiger: A History of Cricket in Pakistan.” In May in Lahore, I had the privilege of lunching with Peter in the company of Iftikhar Bokhari – a cricketer of repute who had the highest batting average in the Minor Counties in England in 1956, and was acclaimed by Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack – and Zulfiqar Bokhari, former head of the PCB, who hosted the World Cup Final at Lahore in March 1996. Peter Oborne, a courageous UK journalist who is chief political commentator for the Daily Telegraph, incurred the ire of Tony Blair for slamming his pro-Bush foreign policy. He has been a formidable critic of Anglo-American mollycoddling of Israel and has denounced the international com-

Kardar, Fazal and Imtiaz: Nation builders par excellence

munity’s dual standards in singling out Iran’s nuclear program. The author brings to life the pioneering role of Kardar, Fazal,

“Nation Builders.” He dug deeply into their private lifestyles and found them both men of impeccable integrity. He cares enough

The author brings to life the pioneering role of Kardar, Fazal, Imtiaz, and Hanif for putting Pakistan cricket on the world map. He calls Kardar and Fazal “Nation Builders.” He dug deeply into their private lifestyles and found them both men of impeccable integrity. He cares enough to visit Kardar’s grave at Miani Sahib as well as the humble abode of Fazal in Garhi Shahu, Lahore, and found that Fazal used to go to a nearby mosque around 4 a.m. to give the Fajr azan Imtiaz, and Hanif for putting Pakistan cricket on the world map. He calls Kardar and Fazal

to visit Kardar’s grave at Miani Sahib as well as the humble abode of Fazal in Garhi Shahu, Lahore,

and found that Fazal used to go to a nearby mosque around 4 a.m. to give the Fajr azan. Another selfless benefactor of Pakistan cricket was Justice A. R. Cornelius, who combatted Herculean odds. The contributory factors behind Pakistan cricket’s decline are the lure of lucre and political meddling, which has made PCB management as accommodating posts to park favorites. In this connection, the writer is unafraid to pull punches by naming names. The paramount mission must be to again make Pakistan number 1. The book rightly views match-fixing and match-fixers as treacherous betrayal of the national trust. It cites Kardar’s foreboding that greed would grind down the mighty legacy of Pakistan cricket. Here, one may add, lies the reason why players have consistently crumbled under pressure. A brittle character motivated by quick money doesn’t have the fortitude to endure fire under pressure. The team is prone to panic, as it has demonstrated on numerous big occasions. Peter is a searcher and his search reveals his deep love for Pakistan and overriding respect for its Muslim heritage. He recognizes that cricket embodies the dreams and is an expression of the national personality of the people of Pakistan. But, with merit thwarted and integrity downsized, the dream can become a long national nightmare. The author has performed a heroic service in the annals of sports and sociology. The Imanet of the Builders must be defended from Destroyers.

PPP Leaders: Nawaz Guilty as Charged but He’s Still Our PM! n By Riaz Haq

C

in their objectives? Did Pakistan Parliament Joint Session speeches indicting Nawaz Sharif help or hurt PMLN government? Will the current crisis lead to radical reforms in the electoral process and governance demanded by Imran Khan and Tahir ul Qadri in Pakistan? Is Modi aligning himself with Japan and US against China in the new great game in Asia? Viewpoint From Overseas host Misbah Azam (www.politicsinpakistan.com) discusses these questions with panelists Ali Hasan Cemendtaur and Riaz Haq (www.riazhaq.com) https://vimeo.com/105405781 http://youtu.be/Enyny6SB150

CA

ontrary to the news and editorials in Pakistan’s hyper-partisan media, the fact is that protesters led by PTI leader Imran Khan and PAT chief Tahir ul Qadri, have already achieved many of their key objectives, including the following:

1. Going by the speeches of Aitzaz Ahsan, Khursheed Shah, Javed Hashmi and other parliamentarians at the joint session, there is a broad agreement that Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his ruling clique are guilty of abuse of power, corruption and nepotism, the charges leveled by PTI and PAT against the ruling Sharif family. 2. The speakers at the joint session, particularly Aitzaz Ahsan, also believe that Nawaz Sharif has violated the constitution by placing shipping containers in an attempt to stop PTI and PAT marches. 3. They said that the last general elections held in May of 2013 which gave Nawaz Sharif ’s PMLN party majority in the parliament were massively rigged as claimed by Imran Khan. However, what is most surprising is that the same speakers who indicted Nawaz Sharif also pledged to stand by him and urged the Prime Minister to not resign. They argue that they are defending Pakistan’s constitution and democracy by supporting Nawaz Sharif to remain Prime Minister of Pakistan. This stand by the PPP and other parties, particularly by Senator Aitzaz Ahsan, raises the following questions: 1. If Senator Aitzaz Ahsan and some of his fellow parliamentarian truly believe that Nawaz Sharif is guilty as charged, then how is he qualified to hold the office of the Prime Minister? 2. Will they, Aitzaz Ahsan and others, use constitutional means to remove Mr Sharif from office based on the charge-sheet that they have laid out in their speeches to parliament? 3. If they support electoral and governance re-

BILAWAL FROM P13

forms in Pakistan, how would they go about pushing for it while Nawaz Sharif and his family remain in power? This is Nawaz Sharif ’s third term as Pakistan’s Prime Minister. Given the history of his behavior in office, is there hope that any serious electoral or

If Senator Aitzaz Ahsan and some of his fellow parliamentarian truly believe that Nawaz Sharif is guilty as charged, then how is he qualified to hold the office of the Prime Minister? governance reforms can take place on his watch? This is the key question that those who oppose his resignation must answer. Here’s a description of a video discussion on this subject: Have PTI and PAT dharnas succeeded

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I want to work with the grassroots, with every level of the party across the country and my aim is the 2018 election.” At the launch of his political career, Bilawal’s spokesperson Aijaz Durrani had said, “This is his political career’s first public meeting. A new Bhutto is emerging today in the shape of Bilawal who has vision of his mother and grandfather and people are excited on his launching.” “Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, following in the tradition of generations, will prove to be an important turning point for democracy and politics,” Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf had said in a statement. “This journey will continue forward.”

Views and opinions expressed by authors and contributors in articles, letters, opinion pieces, reports, advertisements, etc appearing in Pakistan Link and Urdu Link are their own. The paper neither shares nor endorses them and thus should not be held responsible for the views/opinions of the writers & advertisers.


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P6 – PAKISTAN LINK – SEPTEMBER 19, 2014 n By Syed Kamran Hashmi

S

Westfield, IN

o much has been written and said about the twin sitins lead by Imran Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) and Maulana Tahir-ul-Qadri’s Pakistan Awami Tehreek(PAT), that it is almost impossible to bring a new perspective in the picture. Both in favor of and against them, from every angle and every possible outcome, whether it is the involvement of the establishment or the clear evidence of election rigging, the protests have been discussed, dissected and analyzed in the last few weeks. Each side had ample time both on the electronic media in its indefinitely long special transmissions and in the editorial pages of newspapers to explain their views and persuade the people of Pakistan. After listening to many of them, there have been few positive angles of the story that I want to touch upon today. First, Pakistan People’s Party(PPP) has finally gained some of its credibility back that it had lost after its five years of poor governance in the Center and Sindh. Notwithstanding its not-so-stellar performance in the last tenure, during the last three or four weeks, it has emerged as the only national party which was mature enough under the leadership of Asif Ali Zardari to understand the nature of the crisis, to utilize constitutional forums to provide strength to the system, to

Opportunities in the Current Crisis reassure Mian Nawaz Sharif and his party, Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz (PMLN) about the legitimacy of their rule and to allow the parliament to reassert its vitality and buoyancy. Mian Nawaz Sharif who had ignored the parliament for one year and Mian Shahbaz Sharif who had paid no attention to it in the last six years, both must have realized that in the middle of a political crisis the only legitimate institution to ask for a lifeline is the Parliament. And, the pledge of alliance from the members of kitchen cabinet does not matter, nor does an underhand deal with the establishment, nor an unconditional support from international players; the only thing that matters - and should matter - is the approval from the people of Pakistan through their representatives in the House. Second, we also found that even if there is a strong suspicion to believe regarding the role of unseen yet powerful forces in encouraging and/or sponsoring the sit-in in Islamabad, there has been a reluctance in the establishment to takeover by openly abrogating the constitution. No doubt, the more people you talk to within the institution the more you realize that they are extremely unhappy with the conduct of Mian Nawaz Sharif. Despite that, they are not ready to take charge and come forward to run the country. As reported by Reuters recently out of eleven commanders the majority did not want army to take more ‘active role’ in the current political crisis. This change,

or as I say reluctance, is not because of their sudden confidence in the ability of the current leadership to deliver, but only because of the realization of the complexity of the situation in the country. Talking to an active Colonel in the Army I also found out how con-

the officers that is going to serve the country well, I think, for a long time. Isn’t this fear of accountability exactly what we needed to teach our servicemen? In my assessment, there have been two major reasons for this trepidation: judicial movement of

Who can disagree that the credit to bring this change goes to the former cricketer? It is because of his relentless campaign against the status quo that broad-based reforms are being discussed in almost every household cerned and aware the officers are of the response of the powerful media and how furious and independent they believe the Supreme Court of Pakistan would be in case of any extra-constitutional intervention. Their concern is the beginning of a new Pakistan, the fear of the rule of law that has been inculcated through an autonomous media and an active judiciary in the hearts of

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2007-09 and the treason trial of General Musharraf. For which, we must give credit to the former Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, his two-year struggle for the rule of law, and the current leadership of PML-N that has been able to endure a tremendous amount of pressure and humiliation (including the current crisis?),yet has not given in so far.

OPINION Third, whether you support the protestors or not, and whether you like the political rhetoric of Imran Khan or not, he has been able to bring the core issues regarding the lack of transparency in the electoral system and the reasons for the colossal failure of the governance model in Pakistan in the limelight. These issues which have always been thrown under the carpet because they could destabilize the system under an incompetent and possibly corrupt civilian administration, have now been discussed in great length on multiple forums. Who can disagree that the credit to bring this change goes to the former cricketer? It is because of his relentless campaign against the status quo that broad based reforms are being discussed in almost every household. Although, the people who are on his either side also belong to the same class, yet their presence does not diminish the enthusiasm of his supporters to take anyone to task including the ones on Khan’s side if they tried to steer away the followers from the agenda. I am not sure how it will end; but after the catastrophe in the form of floods, there is even more a reason that everyone announces the victory now: the government for its ability to survive a prolonged protest in the capital; the PTI for its commitment to put the reform agenda on the top of the list, PAT to be recognized as a major pressure group in the country and the establishment to have the patience to let the civilians resolve their issues; and everyone goes to help the people in need. Isn’t it the ultimate goal that we all have been working for?


OPINION

SEPTEMBER 19, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P7

n By Dr Mohammad Taqi

D

Florida

ouble trouble Imran Khan of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI) and Allama Dr Tahirul Qadri of the Pakistan Awami Tehreek (PAT) is still camped outside parliament’s doors. Their hordes have dwindled but their narrative has become increasingly ominous. The two demagogues are clearly targeting not just the elected Prime Minister (PM), Mian Nawaz Sharif, his government or even parliament, but democracy as a form of government.

Using religious references, both men are framing it as a battle between good and evil and deriding democracy with a vengeance. The plot is not merely regime change but one to upend the system. What initially came across as a hard reset in the civil-military relationship through a soft coup appears now to be a much more sinister design. The plotters are down but not out. Their goal seems to be not just a minus-one formula but going the whole hog towards an Egyptian model with a civilian technocratic veneer if needed. Some ostensibly pro-democracy liberal writers are blaming the current impasse on an “arrogant and stubborn” Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) and PM Sharif who are not conceding the PTI/PAT demands. The PM is under attack for taking a principled position by pro-establishment analysts masquerading as ‘realist’ liberals. They are selling an odious concoction in a supposedly liberal package. Yes, Mian sahib has a certain tenacious streak but his current stance is morally and constitutionally just. Are the ‘boys’ — euphemism deployed for the establishment by these realists — angry because Mian Nawaz Sharif is hardheaded? Heck, no! They are livid because they are the pigheaded ones who just cannot take no for an answer. The two most mild-mannered and benign Paki-

Deriding Democracy, again! stani prime ministers in recent history were the late Muhammad Khan Junejo and Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali. One need not look any further than their ouster at the hands of the military brass to understand who is the most unreasonable and obstinate among the power players. Junejo’s relative independence in negotiating the Geneva Accords to resolve the 1980s Afghanistan crisis and his insistence on investigating the Ojhri ammunition dump explosion that killed hundreds became his undoing. Mr Jamali was shown the door for his tepid opposition to the military operation that the dictator General Pervez Musharraf had unleashed in Balochistan. Chairman Mao Zedong famously said, “The party commands the gun, and the gun must never be allowed to command the party.” The crux of Pakistan’s perpetual civilmilitary imbalance is that those wielding the guns clearly believe no political party, including the assorted king’s parties that they sired themselves, should ever be allowed to command the gun. The current recrudescence of the squabble between the civilians and military is but a manifestation of the continued disdain the latter holds for politicians. The narrative that Imran Khan and Dr Qadri are building and the establishment-friendly media is magnifying is essentially going for democracy’s jugular. Imran Khan mocking politicians, berating democratic institutions and disparaging dissenting sections of the media is perhaps the most vulgar display of populism Pakistan has ever seen. What makes Imran Khan’s base tirades even more sordid is the pretence of being the ‘outsider’ while flanked by the politicians who have been the perennial pawns of the military establishment. The only beneficiary of the nonstop character assassination of politicians and assailing parliament is the establishment, and the ultimate victims will be the people

at large. The Khan-Qadri duo’s thinly veiled appeals to the third force or the so-called neutral umpire — the army — to intervene could not have been possible without a nod and a wink from at least some sections of the military itself as has been pointed out by none other than the president of the PTI, Makhdoom Javed Hashmi. An Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) communiqué has since rejected Hashmi’s claims without naming him. The ISPR that is rather Twitter-happy these days has, however, failed to deny a recent story by Reuters that asserts that five out of the eleven corps commanders wanted martial law imposed but “the army chief, Ra-

This is not 1977 or even 1999 when a coup would be a cakewalk. The response from within and outside Pakistan will be swift and sterner than the coup mongers have calculated heel Sharif, decided the time was not right to overthrow the civilian leadership, and moved to quell any disagreement in his ranks by overruling the hawks and declaring the crisis must be solved through politics, not force.” One may ask what exactly would be the right time to overthrow the civilian leadership that the brass had in mind! Needless to say, the five generals allegedly seeking a coup d’état have not received as much as a rap on the knuckles. Instead, the ISPR’s press release after that corps commanders’ conference has effectively put the government in a straightjacket, saying: “While reaffirming support to democracy, the conference reviewed with serious concern, the existing political crisis

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and the violent turn it has taken, resulting in large-scale injuries and loss of lives. Further use of force will only aggravate the problem. It was once again reiterated that the situation should be resolved politically without wasting any time and without recourse to violent means.” The press release flies in the face of Article 245 under which the government had deployed the army to protect the federal capital and smacks of the establishment taking sides in the conflict if not being an outright dishonest broker. General Sher Ali Khan Pataudi, a military Chanakya of sorts, had once outlined in detail the pitfalls of a hands-on army involvement in politics. The establishment and its lackeys seem to ignore that the more directly the military becomes involved in political matters the harder will be the civilian pushback. This is not 1977 or even 1999 when a coup would be a cakewalk. The response from within and outside Pakistan will be swift and sterner than the coup mongers have calculated. The two stooges have already failed to muster enough street power to barge into the Bastille as the original plot had envisaged yet the establishment is propping them up. The military establishment has tried ruling directly four times and has ended up needing a fig leaf of civilian legitimacy in each instance. Another adventure would not produce different results but what it would do is erode the legitimacy of the state, already being gnawed at by jihadists sired by the military establishment. Western nation states have a cushion of a couple of hundred years of history to absorb shocks like the Tea Party populists. Pakistan’s federal state structure may not be able to withstand the frontal assault that the security establishment has unleashed through its civilian proxies. Deriding democracy without any viable alternative has effectively put the state in peril. The establishment, not Mian Nawaz Sharif, will have to back off. (The writer can be reached at mazdaki@ me.com and he tweets @mazdaki)


OPINION

P8 – PAKISTAN LINK – SEPTEMBER 19, 2014 n By Dr Mahjabeen Islam

P

Toledo, Ohio

akistanis love to ape America. What with the recent Valentine’s Day, Halloween and Mother’s Day celebrations. Would be so nice if America’s work ethic, punctuality, integrity, processes, legal recourse and fidelity to the state were also adopted. And most importantly what America does with corrupt members of the government. Recently former Virginia Governor Bob McDonnell and his wife were found guilty of accepting gifts, totaling $160,000, from the owner of a nutritional supplement company in return for promoting his products while they were in office. The US Justice Department said the “convictions should send a message that corruption in any form, at any level of government, will not be tolerated.” The charges carry a potential 30-year jail sentence. Compare the corruption in the richest nation on earth with that of one of the poorest. Say the word “Zardari” and the mind’s synonym is corruption. The return of the PPP to power in 2008 resulted in the government withdrawing his corruption cases, which were at the threshold of being successfully filed. Zardari had spent eight years in jail. He was saved by ascension to power which opened the doors to further acquisition. It is alleged that Zardari has £740 million in Swiss bank accounts as well as an over £4 million-mansion in Surrey and a $2.5 million-manor in Nor-

Corruption: Comparison & Consequences mandy. No objections can be raised if this incredible accumulation was legal. Prior to marriage to Benazir, Zardari was a man of modest means, with the cleverness to calculate the power of 10%. That Zardari got away with this massive corruption actually changed the psyche of the Pakistani nation. He took the sting out of the concept of corruption, made it romantic almost, and horror of horrors Pakistanis became immune to its illegitimacy and started to justify their own at all levels-consciously and unconsciously. Rod Blagojevich was Illinois Governor from 2003-2009. In March 2012, Blagojevich began serving a 14-year sentence in federal prison following conviction for corruption including the soliciting of bribes for political appointments. He was charged with several “pay to play” schemes in which he sold gubernatorial and legislative appointments to the highest bidder. He was impeached in 2009. Blagojevich’s “pay to play” schemes sound so Pakistani! Though, one must say, that Pakistani leaders give out business contracts and massive commissions to family members and cronies and the nation pays while they play! It’s that magical kursi of Pakistan that turns saints to satan. Military rule in Pakistan has seen the personal aggrandizement of the army. Promotions are sweetened by gifts of plots of land. In her book “Military Inc.” Ayesha Siddiqa writes that the army’s private business assets are worth around £10bn and it owns a handsome share of the country’s business and land.

Kwame Kilpatrick was mayor of Detroit from 2000-2008. In 2013 he was sentenced to 28 years in federal prison for extorting bribes from

Former Virginia Governor Bob McDonnell and his wife were found guilty of accepting gifts, totaling $160,000, from the owner of a nutritional supplement company in return for promoting his products while they were in office. The US Justice Department said the “convictions should send a message that corruption in any form, at any level of government, will not be tolerated.” contractors who wanted Detroit city contracts. He steered $127 million in contracts to his friend and business partner, Bobby Ferguson. The city of

Detroit is the first in the nation to file bankruptcy. US District Judge Nancy Edmunds granted the 28-year term sought by prosecutors, who claimed Kilpatrick’s racketeering, bribery and extortion worsened the city’s financial crisis as part of a conspiracy that spent millions of taxpayer dollars. The sentence was intended to send a message that corruption would not be tolerated and “that way of business is over,” Edmunds said. The brothers Sharif and cronies’ corruption is as massive as Kilpatrick’s, if not more. And for all intents and purposes Pakistan is bankrupt. In a previous Sharif term, Salman Shahbaz imported a Siberian leopard and nurtured it in an air-conditioned cage. All while the students of Punjab studied in candlelight and numerous others died of gastroenteritis and dehydration, unable to even get potable water or basic medical care in hospitals. True the Sharifs are businessmen. But doing business with taxpayer money is a bit egregious. Zardari

at least kept the 10% commission premise to himself; the Sharifs have spread the goodness to members of the PML-N. And, keeping up with inflation, the commission on megagovernment projects has risen to 30%. Dr Mansoor Hussain speaks of the Sharif “lifafa largesse”; envelopes stuffed with large bills are spread around to buy support and silence. Pakistanis are treated, or tortured, depending on your inclination, by the information or allegations in Imran Khan and Tahirul Qadri’s speeches. PPP’s Aitzaz Ahsan states that their words have irretrievably entered the hearts and minds of Pakistanis. He acknowledges electoral rigging as well as the charges of massive corruption. If only he would drop the Pakistani staple of covering over illegality for some devious future personal purpose, Pakistan would be delivered of this climate of deceit, collusion and subterfuge. Religion and state should be separated. But Nawaz Sharif is of the inshallah, mashaallah and subhanallah genre, so I must appeal to his religiosity. You have the nerve to go to the flood stricken areas and promise government help. What of their money that you and your cronies stole to finance your luxurious lifestyles and more-expensive-than-Rolex watches? Infrastructure to combat flooding takes years to build. But tax-payer money was used to finance your mini-city Raiwind residence and satisfy your gluttony for numerous varieties of nihari and mithai. Perhaps a serious study of the early period of Islam and the scrupulous integrity of the four khalifas and their CORRUPTION, P12

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www.PakistanLink.com


OPINION

SEPTEMBER 19, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P9

n By Mohammad Ashraf Chaudhry

Pittsburg, CA

Human beings can survive for centuries without democracy, and even without much security. They cannot live for more than three days without water.” - Anatol Lieven in his book, “Pakistan: A Hard Country”

WATER IS LIFE : Water is for health, and for healing because water is life. No living thing can survive without this liquid given to man from above and from below, and for free. Our body like a sponge absorbs and retains about 75% of this elixir in its cells. The blood that runs in our veins contains 82% of it. Water is so sacred that in every religion it is mentioned as a cleansing liquid that purifies the body and the soul. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) promised Janat to a bad woman who once quenched the thirst of a dog, and he advised another person to dig a well of water if he wanted to earn the closeness (qurb) and pleasure of Allah. The word, “Jaalna” in Arabic means “designing and constructing”, meaning, life is designed and constructed on it. The term, Shariah, literally means a broad way leading to water. Heaven is where water is. Dr F. Batmanshelidi once said it so right, “You are sick; you are thirsty. Treat your thirst with water, and not with medication.” This briefly explains how our existence solely depends, not on a political system; not on our fat bank accounts; not even on the number of children we have and the jobs we hold, but on this fluid called water. It is heartening to learn that America is the only country that, perhaps after truly realizing its importance, mandated that its citizens must be given clean and abundant fresh water. America further ensured its purity through a law by declaring that the mixing of drinkable water with the sewerage, or polluting of it with toxicants, would be deemed as a crime. This basically is an Islamic concept. Water is also a miracle of Allah in a very unique sense. Its total volume or amount has remained the same since the creation of the Planet Earth, and would stay so till the Day of Judgment. This phenomenon is a blessing as well as a warning. It is up to us now to keep it or pollute it, and have it for all by not crowding the world with too many humans. In simple words, water is the lifeline of human beings as well as of all the living things. The question, however, is: Do human beings remain as careful about its use and preservation and conservation as they should? Keeping in view its scarcity and importance, the answer expects from humans that they should value it as much, if not more, as they value their children or their most precious assets, and even more. 70% of the earth is covered with water, no doubt, but 98% of it is undrinkable and is non-usable. The problem gets further complicated when we find that God has tied the survival of living things to it on one hand and has fixed its amount and has made it so rare on the other hand. Of the 2% of the entire body of water that is drinkable, some 98% of it, is further being kept out of the reach of man by trapping it in frozen glaciers - perhaps God’s arrangement of stocking it for life to survive in all ages . Out of the remaining 2% of the available 2%, some 20% of it further lying conserved only at one place - in Russia’s Baikal Lake. It is, thus, just a matter of Mathematics that only 1% or even less than that of the total available water is drinkable and is available to man. Man is his own worst enemy if he tampers with something that is so vital and so indispensable for his own survival. And the matter gets further complicated when we see that even the distribution of this 1% drinkable water available for 7.3 billion thirsty individuals inhabiting this Earth, is neither balanced nor regulated, perhaps with a purpose by God. If water is the recipe for staying happy and healthy, then one does not need to be a Thucydides to deduce, keeping in view the human behavior relating to the usage of water, that humans do not have a bright future. Man without water is just three days away from his death. PAKISTAN GAMBLE ON RIVER INDUS : This is the title of a sub-chapter of Anatol Lieven’s book, “Pakistan: A Hard Country”. Lieven is very optimistic about Pakistan, and perhaps rightly so, but for not the right reasons. What we often classify as the main weaknesses of Pakistan, responsible for holding it back socially as well economically, Lieven takes them as Pakistan’s main sources of strength. Political instability, extremism, terrorism and corruption have weakened Pakistan, but such factors, according to Levien, can never destroy a country. Congo, Somalia, Haiti and Nigeria are the examples. Pakistan is tougher than it looks, because it just keeps living on, and moving on. Kinship and “ Bratherisystem” hold it together like magic glue; its religion acts likes a cohesive force that amazingly unites it in calamities; its traditions, social and cultural, just remain clinging to the Pakistanis wherever they may choose to live. Pakistan as a State is weak, no doubt, but as a Society it is very strong. Lieven regards these as Pakistan’s virtues. Lieven’s logic is interesting in this regard. “Pakistani political elites, especially in the countryside, rely for their strength not just on wealth but on their leadership in clans or kinship networks; kinship plays a vital part in maintain-

Pakistan’s Sole Reliance on the Indus River

ing the dominance of the ‘feudal’ elites…” Elites, according to him, carry a sense of responsibility for their followers, “and circulating patronage downwards, kinship also plays a role in softening - to limited extent - class domination”. Just as in scientific terms, water is “H 2O” , the same way Pakistani society is “K-2-O” (two-times kinship and one time patronage). Kinship and patronage, according to this writer, are responsible for Pakistan’s surprisingly low rating of social inequality, according to the Gini Co-efficient. Revolution of any variety a socialist or an Islamist type - is just not possible in Pakistan because people hardly ever agree on anything. While Lieven’s observations are interesting; they are not totally convincing. Most of Pakistan’s major problems – poverty, lack of justice and order, selective application of law, lack of respect for it by the rich and powerful, non-availability of equal opportunities for the common man to rise in life, prevalence of deep-rooted nepotism, dynasty-rule in the name of

For nine months, during the off monsoon season, Pakistan lets the sweet water of Indus gush into the Arabian Sea while its people starve of hunger and thirst, and for the remaining three rainy months it lets the people submerge in the flood waters! Their sufferings are spread over 365 days of the year without a sign of relief in sight democracy, criminal disregard for the spread of education, and worst of all, lack of consensus even on matters that relate to all, just as that of the fair distribution of water resources, or building of new dams - small or big - all get stalled, ignored, shelved and remain mismanaged due to the vaderabratheri culture, and the tribal clanism and cronyism. These are not the virtues that a decent and civilized people can be proud of, or which can be extolled. But Lieven thinks they are the strong points of Pakistan. The reason why no consensus in Pakistan can ever be built even on very vital matters, such as the constructions of dams, and more specifically on the Kalabagh Dam, is well illustrated by Mr Ali Hasan, a young Lahori, and he is quoted by Mr Lieven in his book. “If I were to jump on a box and preach revolution, with the best program in the world, you know what would happen? First, people from other provinces would say that we can’t follow him, he’s a Punjabi. Then most of the Punjabis would say, we can’t follow him, he’s a Jat. Then the Jats would say, we can’t follow him, he’s from

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such-and-such a Biradiri. Even in my own village, half the people would say … I can’t follow him, his grandfather beat my uncle in a fight over land. If you preach Islamic revolution, most Pakistanis won’t follow you because they practice different kinds of Islam and worship different saints. So you see, we Pakistanis can’t be united behind a revolution because we can’t unite behind anything.” “A country in which a father can persuade a son to kill a much-loved daughter, not for having an affair, or becoming pregnant, but for marrying outside her kinship group without permission, speaks volumes for its cultural strength. Which culture on earth can get stronger than that?” Nonsense. Mr Lieven thinks it is not due to lack of values, but because of societal pressure. How can all this be accepted as a mark of enlightenment? This reminds one of a land that existed sometime in the Middle Ages. It is hard to digest all this coming from a country that boasts itself of being a nuclear power, and that, at the same time, lets its 80 million people starve and suffer in abject poverty. WHAT CAN DAMAGE PAKISTAN FATALLY? WATER AND ITS LACK THEREOF. It is true Pakistan is amazingly resilient and it has many an island of progress and modernity to be proud of. Nothing can destroy Pakistan - neither the political chaos - corruption, kinship; social and economic disparity, nor the terrorists, and the religious extremism. They all, no doubt, can and as they have weakened Pakistan, and have embittered the lives of people. But all this is fixable because it is just a few steps away from the right kind of leadership. The saying is: “Thieves have no feet to stand on.” Water mismanagement alone has the potential to wipe out Pakistan. Wastage of water is just suicidal for a water-stressed country like Pakistan. Pakistan’s total reliance on one river - River Indus - and Pakistan’s total failure to realize the stakes involved therein, and finally, Pakistan’s criminal and neglectful attitude towards the management of the water of this river, is what will eventually hurt Pakistan fatally. For nine months, during the off monsoon season, Pakistan lets the sweet water of Indus gush into the Arabian Sea while its people starve of hunger and thirst, and for the remaining three rainy months it lets the people submerge in the flood waters! Their sufferings are spread over 365 days of the year without a sign of relief in sight. The leaders of the three provinces, namely, Pukhtun Khwa, Baluchistan and Sindh who oppose the construction of the Kalabagh Dam most, appear to have signed a Faustian Pact with the Devil - a fable in which one, Dr Faustus sells his soul to the Devil for worldly pleasures and powers for a period of 24 years. At the end of this period, on the fateful night, people hear strange and most painful shrieks coming out of his cell, and in the morning they find the pieces of his body sticking to the walls. Playing politics of power and vested interests on a raging matter of urgency, is not just a matter of shame, it is a show of shamelessness. Pakistan, according to experts, also has a limited time, just about 37 years. Already five precious years of the country’s precious life have gone by in waste. According to a 2009 study conducted by the Woodrow Wilson Center, Pakistan already is a thirsty country though it does not fall in the category of the 40 most poor and drought-prone countries of the world. The UN and the UNICEF recommend 50 liters of water per day for an average family of four for drinking, washing, cooking and sanitation. Pakistanis on the average get between 20 to 25 liters of water a day, or even less. The average size of a Pakistani family, according to the Economist’s World in Figures, is 7.1, with a fertility rate of 5.4 per woman during her life time. Readiness for war, perhaps, is not as important and necessary as is the need for conserving water in Pakistan. A woman on the average in the arid plains of Fateh Jang, near Rawalpindi, or Muzaffargarh in South Panjab, walks 10 miles a day during summer, seven days a week for more than three hours to fetch some 16 gallons of water, not necessarily fresh and pure. The situation is worst in the rural areas of Sindh, Baluchistan and the Southern parts of Punjab. 30,000 people die alone in Karachi in a year due to arsenic water. 40% of the country’s population is suffering from Hepatitis C, a kind of cancer of the liver, and yet Pakistan gleefully wastes the Indus River water by letting it flow into the Arabian Sea! According to Lieven, time is not on Pakistan’s side. “In the long run, the most important thing for the people of Pakistan is not who they are or what kind of religion they follow, but that whoever they are, there are too many of them for the land in which they find themselves - and more of them all the time. “In 2010, Pakistan’s population was estimated at between 180 and 200 million, making Pakistan the sixth largest country on earth in terms of population”. In 1998, they were just 131 million. What will Pakistan do by the year 2050, the year of doom predicted above, when its population would reach 335 million - about 155 million more thirsty people, all relying on the same amount of water as they have now, hoping nothing catastrophic happens in between now and then, such as the predicted climatic changes, the decline in the monsoon rainfall, and the inability of the people to control population growth. In all probability, they would do none of the above.


OPINION

P10 – PAKISTAN LINK – SEPTEMBER 19, 2014 n By Dr Haider Mehdi

I

UAE

vividly recall, in the autumn of ’99, a few days after Gen. Musharraf ’s military coup of October 12th, driving through the Islamabad-Rawalpindi Highway that it was a pleasant and serene early evening and a steady calm prevailed in the atmosphere as if the Almighty had bestowed peace on this land of the pure and pious. As I drove somewhere on the main road, I observed an amazingly large and colorful billboard with a soldier’s picture glaring directly over the passing crowd. It was a towering hand-painted portrait of Gen. Pervez Musharraf in his military uniform riding on an elegant white horse, a sword raised in his right hand and his head covered in an Arabic “ghutra” (the traditional white head-cover that Arabs wear) and the caption under the portrait in large bold letters read: Pakistan’s Salahuddin Ayubi. As I studied this billboard, a smile appeared on my lips without quite understanding why. I had known at the time that people all over the country had distributed sweets on the streets celebrating the end of the chaotic so-called democratic regime of Mian Nawaz Sharif with the military establishment’s dispatching, lock stock and barrel, the civilian political establishment out of Pakistan’s political spectrum. Was the October 12th 1999 martial law a manifestation of a political tragedy in the history of Pakistan? This is an issue and a subject that political historians will continue to debate for years to come with many inconclusive judgments. This is how human history has been since humanity started recording events that

n By Natasha Dado

L

New America Media CA

inda Sarsour, the executive director of the Arab American Association of New York, was a victim of a hate crime last week that wouldn’t have occurred had it not been for the phenomenon of the terrorist group “Islamic State” (ISIS).

Sarsour, who has become a voice for Muslim Americans nationally, discussed the incident on social media. “My deputy director and I were harassed by a bigoted drunk who hurled hateful Islamophobic and antiArab epithets at us on 5th Avenue in Bay Ridge [a neighborhood in Brooklyn],” Sarsour wrote in a Facebook post about the incident. “He said, ‘You are cutting people’s heads off, sharmoota, I’m going to cut off your head and see how you will feel, you Arab b…..’” The attacker appeared to be referencing the IS, which beheaded American journalists James Foley and Steve Sotloff. The IS claimed the men were murdered in retaliation for the United States’ involvement in Iraq. Sarsour said the attacker had some sort of item or tool in his back pocket. The man ran after them and picked up a huge NYC metal garbage can and threw it at them, causing them to run into oncoming traffic. Muslim Americans still face widespread challenges fighting hate and discrimination more than a decade after 9/11, and IS terrorism seems to be creating even more mis-

NOTES FROM A SOCIAL SCIENTIST

The Coming of Pakistan’s Mohd Bin Qasim! greatly impacted the political discourse of societies all over the world. All we can do is to learn from our past and make amendments in our present and the future that is yet to come. Coming back to the portrait of Pakistan’s Salahuddin Ayubi on a main street in Rawalpindi, I am certain of one thing: This portrait was an expression of the artist’s deep-rooted love of the legendary Islamic heroes; at the same time, it was a symbolic reflection of an imaginative wishful hope that a soldier of God’s kingdom had appeared to serve the people of Pakistan. It also reflected a deeply ingrained national psychological sentiment of public love, faith and emotional commitment to the sensitivity, trust, reliance on and emotional commitment of the common Pakistani folks towards Pakistan’s Armed Forces. And it was an expression of people’s faith in Pakistan’s military establishment as a national institution that will never betray this nation and will always protect it from the evil eye within and from outside. It indicated the awam’s firm faith in the Armed Forces as the guardians and protectors of their national identity, safety, stability and continued existence. One might disagree with me on the aforementioned contention, but this public perception and sentiment towards its Armed Forces still exists in totality in public consciousness. This sentiment is still reflected and remains absolutely intact as of today. Whether Musharraf and other military rulers came up to the people’s expectations is a justifiably controversial debate that will rage on for eternity with opposing arguments

on both ends of the political spectrum. Irrespective of this debate, the question now is: But what of now? Where does the military leadership stand on September 2014 Pakistan? What should it do and what should it not? This is what the military establishment must do now and do urgently before matters get out of control: It must support public aspirations by making a “soft interven-

Working within the parameters of the constitution and the Supreme Court’s guidance, the military establishment should endorse a national interim administration of non-political, non-partyaffiliated actors to implement structural reforms in the entire political system strictly in accordance with constitutional requirements, inclusive of criteria for the election of public representatives, the setting up an independent Election Commission of Pakistan, the rigid adherence to the “Preamble” of the constitution, and so on and so forth tion” telling the PMLN government to “give people what they want or they will give it to them on their behalf.” It is my considered opinion that a vast majority of Pakistani common folks as well as the PTI and PAT, the two political parties battling the status quo forces to relinquish political-economic control over the country, will welcome the military

establishment’s “soft intervention” to end the prevailing impasse. What the military leadership must not do is to impose martial law. Working within the parameters of the constitution and the Supreme Court’s guidance, the military establishment should endorse a national interim administration of non-political, non-party-affiliated actors to implement structural reforms in the entire political system strictly in accordance with constitutional requirements, inclusive of criteria for the election of public representatives, the setting up an independent Election Commission of Pakistan, the rigid adherence to the “Preamble” of the constitution, and so on and so forth. Let me stress the vital importance of the prevailing ground realities of present-day Pakistan standing in direct confrontation between two opposing ideas at Constitution Avenue in Islamabad. The fact of the matter is that self-denial of political impropriety and inexpedience is of no use now. The debate and the attempts to save today’s so-called democracy is irrelevant at this stage. This so-called democracy bears nothing in common to what democracy truly means. This democracy is a charade, a comedy of errors, a misconstrued staged drama, a mismanaged theatrical performance, and an idea whose time has passed. Let us embrace “truth” as a first step towards our salvation as a nation. Let’s just try to be honest, ethical, moral, and truly committed to uprightness and veracity. The adjudication of history is upon us. Let us arbitrate our future with fairness and esteemed judgment. Let us find out with objectivity, honesty and ab-

ISIS Terrorism May Lead to More Hate Crimes understanding about members of the community and their faith. Since ISIS first gained a stronghold in Mosul, Iraq in early June, Muslim American religious and community leaders have repeatedly condemned the group publically to prove it doesn’t represent their faith. “The Islamic State is actually succeeding in causing damage to the image of Muslims and Islam,” said Majid Shah, a Muslim American from Washington DC. In response to IS terrorism, users on social media sites have been posting derogatory comments about Arabs and Muslims. For many Muslim Americans another attack on the United States by a group that commits acts of terrorism in the name of Islam would be detrimental and possibly increase hate crimes against the community. After 9/11 many people blamed Islam for the attacks, and took out their anger and frustration on the community. Former Vice President Dick Cheney recently predicted an attack this decade that would be far deadlier than 9/11. On Monday, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia warned that ISIS could attack the United States within two months and Europe in one month if more action against the IS wasn’t taken. Iraqi American Alia Almulla said the situation for Muslim Americans would be worse than it was after 9/11

if the IS attacked the United States. “I feel like it will be way worse than what happened with Sept. 11,” she said. Almulla was a victim of a hate crime after 9/11. The incident occurred in 2007 while she was pregnant and living in Oklahoma City. She was sitting at a park with her family when people started questioning her about the headscarf she was wearing. Someone approached her and pulled off the headscarf. “Over there they are not educated at all about Islam or wearing a scarf. They have not even seen these things,” she said. The attackers asked why she had the headscarf on and whether she was wearing it because she was bald and had lice. “They pulled it off to see if I really

www.PakistanLink.com

have hair or whatever,” she said. Speaking to The Arab American News, one Muslim woman who did not want to be identified remembered that when the Boston bombings happened she was worried about what it would mean to her community if the perpetrators were Muslim. “When the Boston bombing happened I was praying, ‘God please don’t let that be a Muslim, because when an incident like that happens you pay a price,’” she said. She said that after the Boston bombing, women in parts of Massachusetts were attacked because they were wearing hijabs. There are a lot of people who believe the IS has not succeeded in becoming the new face of Islam or creating sectarian divides. “I feel like it is not separating us.

soluteness if the May 2013 elections were rigged or not. We all know for a fact, given the nature of human beings and the multiple manifestations of being in political power, its invisible might and its effective tangible potency makes it absolutely impossible to have a free and fair judgment on the May 2013 elections as long as Mian Nawaz Sharif and the PMLN government remain in charge of national affairs. This is not an ethical or moral judgment on Mian Nawaz Sharif as an individual, but simply an in-depth understanding of power dynamics and how actual power works in reality. Let us try to convince the Prime Minister to stand aside – and if the May 2013 elections are proven authentic and the PMLN public mandate established - the honorable Prime Minister comes back with full glory. How else could heaven honor a mortal human – giving a person political immortality for all times to come. What else could Mian Nawaz Sharif ask for in a one-time life on this earth? On the other hand, I dare not think of driving through the Islamabad-Rawalpindi Highway sometime soon on an early autumn evening this year and see a huge hand-painted billboard with another general’s portrait in his elegant military uniform riding a magnificent white horse, a naked sword raised in his right hand, a traditional Arabic “ghutra” wrapped on his head and glaring directly at me, and the bold colorful caption reading, “Pakistan’s Mohammad Bin Qasim.” I affirm, in the name of Allah, my love of this nation’s simple people, their love for their soldiers, their aspirations, their hopes – and most of the time, I wonder how long their sufferings will continue. It is time that we all, as a nation, stand with the righteous, whoever you think they are. Don’t you agree? It is actually making everyone closer,” Almulla said. “When you are educated enough about Islam, you know these terrorists are misrepresenting Islam and the religion. When we let the IS create divisions between us, we’re giving them what they want.” Muslim Americans have worked extremely hard over the years to prove their religion is peaceful and condemns terrorism. That hard work is paying off and while there are some who believe IS represents Islam and all Muslims, more are educated about the issue. Shayan Gaziani, a young Muslim American, said the hard work of the community over the years has helped clear up a lot misunderstandings about his faith. “It took a couple of years but people learned that what happened during 9/11 was not a representation of Islam,” he said. Gaziani said there is a greater fraction of people who know that those who commit acts of terrorism in the name of Islam do not represent the religion or the community. “People are more educated and supportive,” he said. “Even many news outlets have taken more caution in the way they report ISIS because they know now Muslims have a voice in America, right? We are people of peace.” He said the hard work the Muslim community has done over the last few years to show they are typical Americans would not be discarded CRIMES, P12


PAKISTAN

SEPTEMBER 19, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P11

Taliban Capacity for Terror Attacks Has Been Neutralized, Claims ISPR

Punjabi Taliban Group Gives up Armed Struggle

“The Taliban don’t have a base anymore,” Major General Asim Bajwa said, adding, “Initially, they used to operate from a base where they would plot and carry out the attacks in different parts of the country”

Chief of the Punjabi Taliban, Ismatullah Muawiya, talks with journalists as the group announced that they would work to implement Sharia law through peaceful means

Islamabad: Director General Inter-

Peshawar: One of Pakistan’s

Services Public Relations (ISPR) Major General Asim Bajwa on Monday said that due to Operation Zarb-iAzb , the Taliban capacity to carry out terrorist attacks has been neutralized. “The view that militants are rising once again is incorrect,” Bajwa clarified. “In fact, I think they (Taliban) are not rising but after being dispersed they are attacking other areas,” he added. “The Taliban don’t have a base anymore,” Bajwa said, adding, “Initially, they used to operate from a base where they would plot and carry out the attacks in different parts of the country.” Maj-Gen Bajwa added that the militants had suffered a massive de-

feat owing to the operation. “Operation Zarb-e-Azb is progressing successfully,” Bajwa reiterated, clarifying that a deadline cannot be given for when it will end. Responding to a question about the success of the operation, the DG ISPR said, “The second tier of command structure of the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan has either been killed or arrested during the operation.” “Mullah Fazlullah and members of his cabinet are hiding in Kunar, Afghanistan,” Bajwa alleged, adding, “They fled before the operation started.” “We have requested the Afghan government to hand Fazlullah and TTP members to us.” they are only able to carry out random attacks”.

He said that the second-level leadership of the banned Tehreek-iTaliban have been either killed or arrested during the operation. When asked a question regarding the political situation in Pakistan, Bajwa said that the Army was not involved in politics nor was it supporting a particular faction during the current crisis. “We have held the view from the start that this was a political problem and that it should be resolved through the political process,” said the DG ISPR. “The Army cannot support a particular faction because the institution represents the entire country…The Army has not supported any faction in the past nor will it do so in future,” Bajwa said

The Daunting Challenge ahead

F

n By Ismail Khan

lying at an altitude of 25,000 feet, the images taken from a C-130 aircraft are not as good as those from CIA-operated pilotless drones.

But these indigenously modified transport planes equipped with the day/night Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) system provide F-16s with reasonably good images and the correct coordinates to spot and strike a target with laser-guided precision bombs. “No one, let alone those being targeted themselves, would know that they are being watched and monitored,” a security official remarked, looking at images showing a group of men darting out of a compound and scurrying to another in a mountainous terrain in North Waziristan. The images were taken from a C-130; soon F-16s would roar into the sky to strike the target. The Pakistan Air Force has spearheaded the campaign in Operation Zarb-i-Azb, pounding suspected militants’ hideouts in what until recently was the epicenter of terrorism in Pakistan as the military moved its infantry and mechanized forces to clear and hold a region where the state until June 15 enjoyed little to no authority. Three months into the military operation, the military says it has cleared more than 80pc of the territory in North Waziristan including its regional headquarters of Miramshah, its now ruined sub-district Mirali and a communication line spreading over 80 kilometers up to Dattakhel. As things stand, the military is now in Dattakhel, 35km west of Miramshah, consolidating its position and working out plans for the tough fight ahead in the densely forested Shawal Valley, facing occasional rocket and mortar fire from militants. The battle in Shawal is going to be tough and bloody, should the military decide to move in. Little wonder, it is Shawal which has received much of the PAF pounding.

Having cleared Mirali, the forces are now moving northwest towards Spinwam to join forces at Tall. On Saturday night, a rocket slammed into the FC Fort killing three paramilitary soldiers. Reports suggest that militants holed up in Spinwam are now moving towards Ghariom in the south. Looking at the map, roughly one quarter of the territory in North Waziristan remains to be cleared — Dattakhel and the areas beyond it, including Shawal. Surrounded by Preghar, a natural high-peaks fortification from one side, the military in Dattakhel on the other and a snowy winter coming up two to three months from now, militants, local and foreign, hiding in Shawal have a daunting challenge ahead. “With snow around, mobility becomes difficult,” a security official said. “Militants would find it hard to come down and that’s when we will hit them.” The pressure is telling. Halim Khan, a key commander of Hafiz Gul Bahadur, who, unlike others, had been pressing his chief to sue for peace, was heard recently cursing his leaders in a wireless communication. “Why did they pick up a fight if they had to run away?” CHALLENGE, P15

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most deadly Taliban groups has abandoned its armed struggle and announced it will focus on a peaceful campaign calling on the country to adopt Islamic sharia law. The Punjabi Taliban is believed to have carried out a number of significant terrorist attacks, including the 2009 assault on the army’s general headquarters in Rawalpindi, in which nine soldiers were killed; the commando raid on the Sri Lankan cricket team in the same year, and the 2011 attack on the naval airbase at Mehran in which 18 servicemen and two US-donated aircraft were destroyed. It has also been blamed for a number of sectarian atrocities, including attacks on the country’s Ahmadi community and the assassination of Pakistan’s Christian minorities minister Shahbaz Bhatti in 2011. The announcement is seen as a further setback for Pakistan’s alliance of ‘Taliban’ terrorist groups, which has suffered a number of fractures in recent weeks. The Tehreek e Taliban Pakistan umbrella group broke into three factions earlier this month after a group of commanders, mainly Mehsud and Wazir tribesmen from North Waziristan, announced they had broken away to form their own group. Observers said they were divided over the Pakistan army’s offensive in the tribal areas which has driven thousands of people from their homes and fuelled dissent over whether the militants should fight their own country’s army. There is also opposition to the umbrella group’s leader, Maulana Fazlullah, who is based in Kunar province in Afghanistan and regarded as an outsider by Wazir and Mehsud tribesmen. The rift has been credited with yielding intelligence which led to the arrest of a group of terrorists Pakistan’s security forces believe carried out the failed assassination attempt on Malala Yousafzai, the 14-year-old schoolgirl who defied the Taliban’s ban on female education.

The Punjabi Taliban’s existence and the success of its terrorist operations has been a long-standing challenge to government attempts to portray its insurgency as one led by distant militants from the country’s unruly tribal frontier rather than strongly rooted in Pakistan’s heartland. Its announcement that it was abandoning its “armed struggle” was made with a declaration of its patriotism and desire to defend Pakistan from “outside threats”. Punjabi Taliban chief Ismatullah Muawiya said that after consulting other Muslim leaders, the organization would now limit its use of force to “infidel forces” and would focus on promoting sharia law. In a video message, Muawiya said the Punjabi Taliban would continue to operate in Afghanistan but would focus on “Dawat Tablig” preaching and called on other Taliban factions to abandon their insurgencies in Pakistan. He called on the Pakistan government to compensate those affected by its offensive in Waziristan and other tribal agencies and to rehabilitate them with “honor and dignity”. “Peace is the need of the hour to foil conspiracies against Pakistan and its people,” he said. The announcement was welcomed by military sources in Pakistan who said it was a significant development involving a group which had inflicted heavy casualties on the army. Questions remained, however, about the group’s intentions in Afghanistan. “This is a very important group which had been committed to attacks and terrorism, they have been very effective in the past. This [announcement] will demoralize the others. It shows the military operation in North Waziristan is having an effect. It would be very unfortunate though if Pakistan allows them to go to Afghanistan – we have to make sure they don’t use their energies in Afghanistan”, said retired Lieutenant-General Talat Masood, a leading strategic analyst.


P12 – PAKISTAN LINK – SEPTEMBER 19, 2014

Surging Chenab Threatens Southern Punjab

This photograph taken from a Pakistan army helicopter shows an aerial view of the flooded area in Chiniot on September 12, 2014

Lahore: As the furious Chenab

River extended its rampage to south Punjab on Sunday, more rain over the badly bruised north-eastern parts of the province claimed another seven lives. The seven belonging to two families were killed in Hafizabad’s Abdullahpur village as soaked roofs of their houses gave way and collapsed during a severe rainstorm. The storm also lashed several cities and towns from Sialkot to Lahore regions and triggered panic among people, reminding them of the large-scale devastation caused by a three-day rainy spell and floods in the eastern rivers about 10 days ago. According to the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) figures updated on September 15, the death toll from recent floods across the country reached to 312. While 232 had died in Punjab, 66 lost their life in Azad Jammu Kashmir and 14 passed away in Gilgit-Baltistan. Over 2 million people have been affected by the floods in Punjab alone. Officials have managed to evacuate 0.5 million people from the flood affected zones and moved them to safer places and relief camps.

According to earlier reports, the authorities blew up the Doaba spur on Sunday to save the town of Muzaffargarh. Another breach in Muradabad and Thatta Sialan flooded Muradabad and Bhutrapur areas on the outskirts of Muzaffargarh. Hundreds of homes and crops were damaged by the breach in Thatta Sialan and the floodwater entered Tulheri Canal and some parts of the town. Water discharge at Panjnad headworks was falling after touching a peak of 371,000 cusecs, probably because of breaches upstream near Multan and Muzaffargarh. The water level at Head Muhammadwala and Bund Bosan started receding, but it remained high at Shujabad and Jalalpur. RAIN: Rain in Lahore was brief but heavy around the airport. It was accompanied by a dust storm which uprooted a number of trees and brought billboards down. Low-lying areas were inundated. The Met office recorded 32mm of rain at the airport and 12mm at the Jail Road observatory and said it was produced by a westerly wave. Islamabad’s Zero Point received 46mm rain and airport 27mm, Mandi Bahauddin 37mm, Sargodha 35mm, Garhi Dupatta 30mm, Man-

gla 25mm, Sialkot airport 16mm and Cantt 12mm, Chakwal and Jhelum 14mm each, Jauharabad 10mm, Gujrat 9mm, Kasur 8mm, Rawlakot 7mm and Gujranwala and Murree 5mm each. The Met department forecast isolated thunderstorm/rain with heavy falls over Sahiwal, Faisalabad, Lahore, Sargodha, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Kohat, Hazara, Peshawar, Islamabad, Gilgit-Baltistan and Kashmir over the next 24 hours. There are chances of isolated rain over Dera Ghazi Khan, Multan, Bahawalpur, Dera Ismail Khan, Bannu, Kalat, Naseerabad, Sibbi, Quetta, Zhob, Karachi, Hyderabad, Mirpurkhas and Fata and land-sliding in hilly areas. The Flood Forecasting Division said the rain over the catchment of Jhelum River sent 100,000 cusecs of water to Mangla Dam which was released downstream because the dam was already filled to capacity. Chenab was in high flood at Panjnad where the discharge was recorded at 363,000 cusecs and was likely to rise to 450,000 to 500,000 cusecs. The FFD, which had earlier said the discharge could rise to 700,000 cusecs, revised the estimates on Sunday because of the diversion of floodwater following several breaches near Jhang and Multan over the past three days. The FFD forecast high to very high flood in the Indus River at Guddu on Monday and Tuesday and at Sukkur on Wednesday and Thursday after the peak in Chenab would fall downstream Panjnad. The Inter-Services Public Relations said the army’s rescue and relief operations continued in the flood-hit areas of Multan, Muzaffargarh, Uch Sharif, Bahawalpur and Athara Hazari. About 73,000 people have been rescued by 300 boats. Army helicopters dropped 80 tons of ration and the affected people were being treated at medical camps.

Nawaz Promises to Rebuild Houses in Flood-affected Areas Multan: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on Monday promised to rebuild houses of flood-affected people and said that the government would give them every support till they returned to their homes. Addressing a gathering at a relief camp at Shershah Rural Health Centre, the prime minister said the government stood by the people and added that Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif and he himself would continue to supervise the relief, rescue and rehabilitation operation till all the people were resettled in their homes. The prime minister also commended MNAs and MPAs for their active role in supervising the rescue and relief operations. He praised Rescue 1122, Pakistan Army and the administration for their efforts to alleviate the suffering of the people and provide basic facilities to them at relief camps and tent villages. “The government will continue to support the people till the danger is completely over and the last drop of floodwater goes into the sea,” Sharif said. Federal Minister for National Food Security Sikandar Hayat Bosan, Punjab Minister for Prisons Chaudhry Abdul Waheed Arain, MNA Abdul Ghaffar Dogar, MPAs Shahzad Maqbool Bhutta,

PAKISTAN

Altaf Resigns but Forced to Take Back Resignation

Later in the day, he announced that he was not going to resign on the insistence of the party workers. “This is the last time I am taking my decision back,” he warned. He added that he did not want the RC in London or Karachi and was thinking of forming a new committee.

Altaf Demands Formation of 20 New Provinces Karachi: Upset with the attitude

of Muttahida Qaumi Movement’s (MQM) Rabita Committee, the party chief Altaf Hussain tendered his resignation on Sunday morning. A few hours later, however, he took it back. According to sources, he took his resignation back after repeated requests from his party workers. Several party leaders and workers gathered at Nine Zero after Altaf Hussain’s announcement earlier in the day. They appealed to him to reconsider his decision. Members of the Rabita Committee – MNAs, MPAs and Senators - also submitted their resignations to show solidarity with their party chief and said that the party was nothing without him. Hussain criticized the role of the Rabita Committee and said that his advice was being ignored. “The Rabita Committee leaders haven’t changed their attitude despite multiple requests,” he said. “I am tired of giving advice.” He said that he was handing over his duties and responsibilities to the Rabita Committee and asked its members to select a person who could deal with party affairs. “I asked the [Rabita] Committee to keep their ways straight...but they didn’t. Now they are free to choose their leader,” he said. Later, MQM leader Farooq Sattar, while talking to media, listed the “faults and mistakes” of the Rabita Committee, and sought Altaf ’s return to the party. CRIMES FROM P10

Residents wade through floodwaters at a village in Jhang

Muhammad Ali Khokhar, PML-N district president Bilal Butt, Commissioner Asadullah Khan, DCO Zahid Saleem Gondal and other senior officials were also present on the occasion. After wreaking destruction in South Punjab, River Chenab is expected to unleash its wrath in Sindh as the incoming water flow will likely increase levels at Guddu and Sukkar barrages. To avoid large-scale devastation, the provincial administration has mobilized relief and rescue teams to face the emergency.

Inspector General of Police (IGP) Sindh Ghulam Haider Jamali has instructed police officials to ensure that people are shifted to safe places in view of the anticipated flooding in the province and urged them to remain in contact with the concerned departments for safety measures. “A Central Police Office is being set up for monitoring possible floods, which will coordinate with district wireless control rooms and ensure all possible support to the related government departments,” Jamali said.

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if the IS did attack the country. “If anything, it would be the ultimate test of the hard work we have been doing,” Gaziani said. He said IS members misrepresent Muslims and twist and distort the meaning of the Qur’an. “You might be familiar with the verse in the Qur’an that states if you kill one innocent human being, it is like killing all of humankind,” he said. “If you save one it is like saving all of humankind.” Gaziani, who lives in the southwest US, said there has been a decline in hatred and racial discrimination in his home state. For his part, Shah said to look at it from the perspective of a human being acting incorrectly or wrongly, not a religion. CORRUPTION FROM P8

selfless service to their people would be instructive.

The PTI and PAT sit-ins have cramped your lifestyle and your 30-strong delegations’ world trips to

Karachi: Muttahida Qaumi Move-

ment (MQM) chief Altaf Hussain on Monday demanded the formation of at least 20 new provinces along administrative lines in the country. In a press statement, Altaf said that since the population had grown in the country, there should be new provinces or new administrative units. He added that by creating new provinces, power would be passed on to people at the grassroots level. He gave examples of India and other countries such as Iran, Turkey, and Afghanistan where additional provinces have been created. Addressing leaders of the PAT and the PTI, as well as the government, Altaf implored that the dialogue process should be restarted. “They must show patience and seriousness and adopt the principle of give and take.” He said that the parties holding demonstrations should understand the problems of the government while the latter should reconsider the demands of the protestors. Proposing a solution to the impasse, Altaf said the government should announce recounting of votes in those constituencies where the protesting parties claim rigging had taken place. He also called for arrest of the policemen who were involved in killing protestors of the PAT in the Model Colony incident. The MQM chief added that the demands made by protestors were a reflection of the country’s middleclass.

garner more lucrative contracts. You and your coterie pay miniscule, if any tax, and pillage our treasury to go for Umra, again with plane-loads of friends and family. The foundation of democracy is integrity and transparency. Khalifa Umar had to justify his use of two sheets when questioned by a woman. He also said, “Do your own accounting before it is done for you”. If there is a question of electoral rigging, if there is evidence of corruption that has broken Pakistan, take the moral high road, resign and submit to impartial investigation. According to the Islam that you love to tout, we must be forgiven by those we have wronged before we can be forgiven by God. Help yourself and your extended family; submit yourselves to investigation. It will be infinitely easier to remediate in this world. And way too late and unimaginable in the next. (Dr Mahjabeen Islam specializes in addiction and family medicine. She can be reached atmahjabeen.islam@gmail.com)


PAKISTAN

SEPTEMBER 19, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P13

Government Arrests Opposition Activists

Detained anti-government activists peer out from a prison van after their court appearance in Islamabad, Saturday, September 13, 2014

Islamabad: Pakistani police arrested anti-government protesters in what activists said was an effort to crack down on weekslong sit-ins in the capital, while the government said police only apprehended suspects in a recent attack on state-run TV. The party of famed cricketer-turned politician Imran Khan, who is leading one of two major protests demanding the government’s resignation, said a large number of party activists were detained in overnight raids beginning late Friday in Islamabad and elsewhere. He did not provide an exact number. “We are suspending talks with the government over these arrests,” party leader Jehanghir Tareen told a news conference. Anti-government cleric Tahir-ul-Qadri, who has been leading parallel

demonstrations, said police had also detained his supporters, and that he too would be suspending talks over the arrests. Pakistani news channels had earlier showed several detained supporters of Qadri and Khan arriving at a local court in two prison vans. Khan’s party leaders and dozens of activists briefly clashed with police as they tried to break the locks of the vans to free the detainees. Police eventually pushed them back, and Islamabad police chief Tahir Alam warned that anyone attacking the police vans would be arrested. Khan and Qadri arrived in the capital last month in massive convoys that had set out from Lahore. Since then thousands of demonstrators have been camped outside parliament demanding that

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif resign over alleged voting fraud in last year’s election. The protesters remained peaceful until August 30, when they tried to storm the prime minister’s residence, prompting police to fire tear gas and rubber bullets. Three people were killed in the melee and hundreds more were wounded. On Sept. 1, the demonstrators stormed Pakistan Television, briefly forcing the channel off the air. On Saturday, Pakistan’s Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Khan said police arrested only those involved in the attack on Pakistan Television and other government buildings. He urged Khan and Qadri to continue negotiating an end to the standoff. Khan and Qadri have

said they will not end their protests until Sharif resigns. Pakistan’s parliament unanimously rejected their “unconstitutional demand” after Khan’s party, the third largest political bloc, quit the assembly. Sharif was forced from office after a previous stint as prime minister in 1999, when the then-army chief Pervez Musharraf seized power in a coup. Elsewhere in Pakistan, a powerful car bomb exploded in a bazaar in the southwest, killing at least three people and wounding 24 others, police said. Senior police officer Abdur Razzak Cheema said the attack took place when a vehicle carrying security forces was passing through the market in Quetta, the capital of southwestern Baluchistan province. The dead included a paramilitary soldier and two civilians, he said. Also Saturday, the head of a branch of the Pakistani Taliban said his group would give up armed struggle in favor of a preaching campaign to push for the imposition of Islamic law in the country. Ismatullah Muawia, who heads the local Punjab chapter of the Pakistani Taliban, said in a video message that the group came to its decision after consulting with religious scholars. In Afghanistan however, it would continue to fight foreign forces operating there.

Supreme Court Refuses to Entertain PTI’s Petition for the Disqualification of Nawaz Islamabad: The Supreme Court

(SC) of Pakistan on Monday refused to entertain Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf ’s plea for the disqualification of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif under Article 62-F of the Constitution. However, an appeal was filed challenging this order. The Express Tribune has learnt that the SC registrar office returned a petition filed by PTI’s Ishaq Khan Khakwani after raising four objections. Filing a petition under Article 184-3 of Constitution, PTI’s attorney Irfan Qadir on September 1 had prayed to the court to disqualify the premier as a member of the shoora since he had given a ‘false statement’ in the National Assembly. The petition explained that the prime minister had asked the Army chief to act as a mediator between government, PTI chairman Imran Khan and Pakistan Awami Tehreek (PAT) chief Dr Tahirul Qadri and serve as guarantor to any agreement. However, this was contrary to facts, the petition argued. The registrar office objected that none of the fundamental rights of the petitioner had been violated and he had no “locus standi” (standing) to file a petition for the disqualification of the prime minister. “Sitting Prime Minister has been implicated as a party who cannot be implicated as

such under Article 248 of the Constitution,” it added. The SC’s institution branch though recommended that the senior PTI leader could approach the proper forum for redressal of his grievances. Later, while filing an appeal the petitioner challenged the objections raised, saying that the registrar had no power to decide as to whether the petition could be entertained or not. “The SC’s office order runs contrary to plethora of judicial precedents of recent years of the

post- restoration period of former Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry according to which in similar circumstances petitions were entertained against sitting prime ministers, federal ministers and parliamentarians where many of them were directly disqualified by the Supreme Court itself with further directions to the Election Commission of Pakistan to de-notify those holders of public office,” the appeal stated. The petitioner also maintained that SC’s institution officer returning the petition, in the absence of any specific rule, had no mandate in law to hold that the petition in question was not entertain-able. Regardless, no rule whatsoever had been quoted in support of the impugned order. He further contended that the SC’s office order is violative of the principle of ‘Audi Alteram Partem’ (hear the other side too) as the same has been passed without affording an opportunity of hearing to the appellant. “The question of maintainability is to be decided by the Supreme Court under Article 184(3) of the Constitution. In this case, the institution officer has assumed upon himself the functions of the Supreme Court”, the appeal further reads.

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Some Former Generals Are in a Haste

Mr Hashmi claimed that retired Gen Hamid Gul had called him on phone a week ago and informed him that “it is the last night” (of the government)

Multan: Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf

President Javed Hashmi has warned that the country can disintegrate if another martial law is imposed. Addressing a press conference here on Sunday, the disgruntled politician claimed that Imran Khan had told him that martial law would not be imposed but the Supreme Court would dismiss the government. He said Sheikh Rashid had told a television channel in an interview that army generals would appear before the court and get the decision of government dismissal from the judge. “There is no such provision in the Constitution which allows the Supreme Court to dismiss the government and announce interim set-up besides issuing directions for new elections within three months,” he said. He warned the country could face a rebellion if martial law was imposed. “I would not say that the current political impasse is part of the script; however, some retired generals are in haste,” he said.

He said Imran Khan had told him that the apex court would announce new election within the next three months. He said he could divulge much more information if the Supreme Court summoned him. Mr Hashmi further claimed that retired Gen Hamid Gul had called him on phone a week ago and informed him “it is the last night” (of the government). He said Shah Mahmood Qureshi, Saifullah Niazi and Jahangir Tareen made frequent visits to Rawalpindi. He said he would ask the core committee members to “look into my eyes while speaking over my stand.” He said he was waiting for a show-cause notice from party chief Imran Khan and would give an appropriate response in writing. He said he had informed Imran Khan that Nawaz Sharif would not resign. “It’s shocking for me to see Imran distort facts,” he said while asking him to give up any hope that elections would be held after three months. “They will not be held in 30 months,” he said.

Bilawal to Contest 2018 Elections from Benazir’s Constituency Karachi: Chairperson of Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) Bilawal Bhutto Zardari announced on Monday his decision to take part in the 2018 general elections from late Benazir Bhutto’s constituency of Ratedero. “I will start my parliamentary politics from my family seat during the next general elections,” Bilawal said to reporters at Bilawal House, days ahead of his 26th birthday on September 21. Ratedero’s NA-207 seat from Sindh is known to be PPP’s stronghold, popularly known as late Benazir Bhutto’s home constituency. Bilawal was 19 when he was named the chairperson of PPP, Pakistan’s largest political party. Benazir Bhutto, twice elected prime minister, was killed in a gun and suicide attack after an election rally in Rawalpindi on December 27, 2007. No one has yet been convicted of her murder. While the Bhutto scion had earlier distanced himself from politics, in an interview with BBC earlier this year Bilawal said that the assassination of his mother in 2007 changed things. He launched his political career on Benazir’s fifth death anniversary, in December 2012. He said he had felt that the murder of Benazir would “wake the country up” — but that this awaken-

ing did not come. “I didn’t choose... it chose me”, he had said, referring to his involvement in politics. He said he wanted to take on more responsibility in the PPP. “I never saw myself as being in politics,” he said. “Now I think it is time for me or there is the opportunity for me to start taking on more responsibility. But I will be focused more on party politics and working with every level of the party — I don’t want to parachute myself in from the top. BILAWAL, P4


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PAKISTAN

SEPTEMBER 19, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P15

Pakistan’s Experience with Democracy

n By Zafarullah Khan akistanis have yearned for democracy for the last 68 years. Most of their struggles had been for the survival of democracy. They successfully reclaimed their right to be governed democratically by defeating four usurpers in uniform and by frustrating many more carefully orchestrated conspiracies. The risk of reversal is still there but the journey to realize democratic dreams continues.

P

The narrative of democracy in Pakistan reminds me of a childhood story, ‘Blind Men and the Elephant’. The elite view it as a share in the economic cake including loot and plunder. The poor regard it as an agency for patron-client relationship and then there is the mufassil and modern middle class that has read somewhere that democracy is about equality, inclusion, justice and rule of law — concerns deliberately avoided by the elite and the poor. Critics of Pakistani democracy promote numerous unexploded myths. On September 15, the world celebrates International Day of Democracy. To mark the occasion here is an attempt to bust a few myths. Myth 1 — Presidential system is more suitable than the messy parliamentary architecture: Reality: Pakistan has spent more time under highly centralized presidential dispensations at the cost of its federal diversity. The odd experience of One Unit (1955-1970) cost the nation its

federal unity. The Dominion status after Independence imported the centralized federal system embedded in the Indian Act of 1935. Pakistan has had pure parliamentary governance for only 34 per cent of its national life, spanning 24,488 days till August 31, 2014. Therefore, denial of federalparliamentary democracy is the real problem. Myth 2 — The Constitution does not address core critical issues and does not offer bread and butter: Reality: Pakistan has experienced high constitutional mortality. The single product – Pakistan – had been operated through multiple user manuals — the Constitutions of 1956, 1962 and 1973 and a series of Provisional Constitutional and Legal Framework Orders. Resultantly, the product has crashed on many occasions. Lesson: please stick to the compatible manual that is nothing but federal-parliamentary democracy. Myth 3 — The Peoples’ part of the Constitution – fundamental rights and the Principles of Policy (Article 8-40) – has never been implemented: Reality: Whenever there is martial law, fundamental rights are suspended. The dictators do get a set of obedient judges through Provisional Constitutional Orders and puppet parliaments like the Majlis-eShura. But we, the people, don’t even remain citizens as our rights are suspended. The total life of the Constitution of 1973 is 14,992 days (41 years).

Practically it has been operational for only less than 20 per cent at different stages. So who actually denied our rights? In terms of the resources to realise these rights, the weak civilian governments only had a pastry to share with the 200 million whereas the big cake was baked only for the garrison state. So what is the way out? Address the civil-military disequilibrium and negotiate peace with neighbors. Pakistanis also need a compulsory vaccine of ‘democratic civic education’ and a series of crash courses in democracy, constitutionalism, due process and democratic conflict resolution to transform our heated political culture into a delivering democracy. Only then will we be out of the thick woods and be able to see the real dawn of democracy that cares and caters to the socio-economic needs of its citizens. (Zafarul lah Khan is Islamabad-based civic educator/researcher with interest in democratic development and federalism)

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CHALLENGE FROM P11

an angry Halim Khan was overheard before hightailing it from Spinwam, according to a security official. Until now, in the last three months, the military has faced little to no resistance. Most of the 44 casualties the military has suffered since the launch of the operation on June 15 have resulted from roadside bombings and rocket attacks. Even the more than 900 militants, the military claims to have killed, perished in air bombings rather than combat. The militant leadership has fled. Hafiz Gul Bahadur has relocated to Afghanistan’s southeastern Khost province along with his family and has taken up sanctuary with an Afghan commander, Azizullah. An air strike prompted by intelligence on the presence of Gul Bahadur in Sanzaala in Dattakhel reportedly caused him serious head injuries but two intelligence agencies dispute the claim, insisting that the militant commander survived the attack and is hale and hearty in Khost. Mullah Fazlullah, who heads what now remains of the Tehreek-iTaliban Pakistan, along with Shehryar Mehsud, is believed to have taken up sanctuary in the Naka district of Afghanistan’s Paktia province. Khan Said alias Sajna is staying put in his South Waziristan redoubt, while continuing with efforts to come to some sort of a deal with the government that may give him a safe zone to hold on to, relocation of some military posts and permission for activities across the border. TTP Punjab leader Asmatullah, long considered ‘a dove amongst hawks’, who had relocated along with the Haqqanis, has, not surprisingly,

announced he will abandon militant ‘jihad’ inside Pakistan. Sajna may be next, should the government come to some sort of a tacit agreement with him. As for the foreign militants including the Uzbeks, Chechens, Chinese Uighur Muslims and some Arabs, there are credible reports of their movement from Shawal to Wana and onwards to Zhob to their new jihad destination in Syria. Not all of them are leaving. Many are leaving their families behind, security officials said. Al Qaeda’s general command, because of the perils associated with the movement, is likely to stay on in the region, these officials said. But while Zarb-i-Azb proceeds as planned, there is no indication of it coming to an end anytime soon. By the look of it, the operation is likely to continue until the end of December at least. But even if it is wound up by then, repatriation is unlikely to begin immediately afterwards. A massive rebuilding process would have to be undertaken before that, the process of which has not yet begun, particularly in Mirali, much of which has now been reduced to rubble. With the military in full control of the tribal region, the political administration (in whatever form it remained until June 15) and a hamstrung Fata Secretariat have yet to undertake a damage and post-conflict need assessment exercise. But the bigger question is whether the military will stay on after wrapping up the operation. Will it continue to hold the area after clearing it? The military was called in Swat to flush out the militants in May 2009 under Article 245 of the Constitution. A little over five years on, it is still in a commanding role. - Dawn


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educational information for the teaching of Arabic and Islamic Studies. IQRA’ (ebooks.iqra.org) is offering free access to its unique library of educational programs for one year to schools, madaris and educational institutions. IQRA’ has developed two comprehensive programs of Arabic and Islamic Studies for a) Islamic schools (full and part-time) and b) Madrasah system (ma`had of al-Azhar) In cooperation with the Strategic Measurement and Evaluation (SME) of Illinois, IQRA’ has successfully developed standardized testing for Islamic Studies. IQRA’s team has offered consultations and training for curricula development, establishment of Islamic schools and teachers’ training programs since 1969, initiating a global movement for excellence in Islamic education. iqra.org | iqrafoundation.com | ebooks.iqra.org

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COMMUNITY

Community Link

SEPTEMBER 19, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P19

Friday, September 19, 2014

VOL. 24/38 PAGE 20

Northwest Suburban College Makes Headlines

24 Dhul-qi’dah 1435 H

PAGE PAGE25 17

egum PAGE 23

Habib Wali Mohammad – A Class of His Own

Shahid Afridi to Lead Twenty20 Team

For news, updated round the clock, visit

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Sacramento Celebrates Pakistan Independence Day with Enthusiasm

For all Pakistanis his Urdu number “Hum Aik Hain” (We are one) or “Kiya Hum Aik Hain” (Are we one?) stole the show and the evening. Raheem held the Pakistani flag in one hand throughout his performance of this song and the word “amazing” easily comes to mind after recalling it now

S

n By Ras H. Siddiqui

acramento is indeed a blessed city. There was a time when Pakistani-origin Sacramento residents used to travel to the San Francisco Bay area to celebrate August 14th (Independence Day) along with thousands of others from California’s hot inland valleys to the cooler Pacific Coast areas. The Pakistan Association of San Francisco deserves full credit for starting and continuing this tradition but it appears that the inland immigrant community is getting older and now prefers to congregate closer to where they live. This year we were lucky to celebrate Pakistani independence in

Sacramento not once but twice. The first has been reported on earlier (August 30th program) so let us focus here on the September 6th event.

Roshan Pakistan and a group called NAMC along with a local team of volunteers and many sponsors arranged this celebration at the parking lot of a local RV sales outlet in South Sacramento. For those not aware, September 6th is also celebrated as “Defense of Pakistan Day”, a reminder of how the country once stood united during the year 1965 when a war officially began on this day. Dignitaries who graced the event with their presence included the Consul General of Pakistan from Los Angeles, Tasawar Khan. This report will be abbreviated

in parts because one reporter cannot be at two places at the same time and I was quite late in getting to this venue after the close of another major event in Sacramento. A recitation from the Qur’an and a colorful segment of flags of the United States and Pakistan started things off along with a very impressive display of Pakistani national attire via a group of cute children. Consul General Tasawar Khan took the opportunity to address the gathering which had easily swelled to over two thousand people. One of the things that the organizers may want to consider in future is a larger venue because it was quite congested for fans standing outside. The entertainment started off

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with Ali Sher (of SaReGamaPa TV Show fame) who performed for almost an hour. His songs included Rahat Fateh Ali Khan’s “Tere Mast Mast Do Nain”, a Dhamaal ode to the Qalandar, a Punjabi favorite “Akhiyaan Udeekdiyaan” and “Bismillah Karan”. Following Ali was the very colorful Saira Naseem who amongst many other ladies can claim to be the successor of the late Melody Queen Noor Jehan. Saira is a winner of the Pride of Performance Award in Pakistan and many call her “Junior Madam Noor Jehan” today. But it would be prudent to suggest to her here that many old folks from Pakistan here would have preferred to hear at least some of the Melody Queen’s old songs too because for many of us nos-

talgia is our only connection left to the old country. Saira Naseem’s Mundaia, Kuryey- Chandi Saari Raat and even her attempt at a Pashto number were all well received by many, including emcee Rana Akram. She closed her performance with “Mast Qalandar”. Now to the grand finale with another Pride of Pakistan Raheem Shah, a Pathan (Pashtun) from Swat and Peshawar now settled in Karachi. It must be noted here that Raheem was here in Sacramento about seven years ago and his performances back then and now suffered from the same problem which is too many people for the venue! His attraction and following, especially amongst the Afghani and SACRAMENTO, P21


COMMUNITY

P20 – PAKISTAN LINK – SEPTEMBER 19, 2014

Dr Khalid Javed Jan the Original Baaghi in Sacramento

The Pak American Culture & Arts Council (PACAC) of the greater Sacramento area hosted Dr Jan and for that kudos to them. They put together one of their finest events to date

T

n By Ras H. Siddiqui

he word “Baaghi” or “Rebel” holds a great deal of fascination in the Urdu language, especially in its poetry. In Pakistan, over a period of several decades now, a poem in that language titled “Mein Baaghi Hoon” or “I am a Rebel” has been making its rounds in both the literary circles and the politics of the country.

It was even used on a number of occasions by Shaheed Benazir Bhutto overseas and when she returned from exile. It has also been erroneously been credited as a work of the now silent voice of rebellion in Pakistan, poet Habib Jalib. And of late we were almost sure that Makhdoom Javed Hashmi

(most recently of PTI fame) had originated it, except for the fact that his claim is to the line “Haan Mein Baaghi Hoon” or “Yes, I am a Rebel” which is the title of his book too. But all this information has been provided here because the man who wrote the poem “Mein Baagho Hoon” is none other than Dr Khalid Javed Jan and the reason that some of us know that now is that he was in Sacramento, California at an event in his honor on August 31st. The Pak American Culture & Arts Council (PACAC) of the greater Sacramento area hosted Dr Jan and for that kudos to them. They put together one of their finest events to date and that too on short notice at their usual venue, the Kabab Corner Restaurant in West Sacramento.

And this evening was unusual in another way too because it is usually the San Francisco Bay Area which hosts such Urdu luminaries. But it appears that during this past month, some major players in Pakistani entertainment and literature have gravitated more towards Sacramento and for that this writer and many in dehati (rural) community are not complaining. The Chief Guest here, Dr Khalid Javed Jan, attended Rawalpindi Medical College and received his education to become a doctor from there. He wrote his most famous work “Mein Baaghi Hoon” during the late 1970’s just before or at the time that General Zia-ul-Haq lead a coup against Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and started what

is known as the darkest period of Pakistan’s history. During that time a brutal military dictatorship suppressed the democratic voice of Pakistan. And it lasted for over a decade. Dr Jan was then a member of a group in Rawalpindi called the Eagles, one which actively opposed Zia’s rule. In one protest, Dr Jan was severely beaten and had to seek medical attention. Many writers and political activists were also publicly whipped during those days. It was also during this time of resistance that his poem of rebellion caught the imagination of many people, both in Pakistan and internationally. Khalid Saeed of the PACAC Sacramento welcomed everyone to the gathering, including the Chief Guest. Dr Jan was introduced here

by his old friend Hassan Jakhar. Dr Jan came and took over the stage and during this time in Urdu, Punjabi (and in Saraiki too?) he mesmerized the audience with his talents not just of writing but style of delivery too. Dr Jan had come to the United States to the recently held APPNA convention, so we also have to thank the doctors community in this country for his presence here too. And as I said on stage at the closing of this event, I am repeating here. This was the reminiscent of and the best original Urdu poetry heard in Sacramento since the late Ahmed Faraz graced us with his presence over 16 years ago! (Dedicated to Shahid Bhai, a recently departed friend of many at the PACAC)

Northwest Suburban College Makes Headlines again n By Azher Quader Community Builders Council (CBC) Chicago, IL

Bey khatar kood para aatish e Namrood mein ishq

Aql hai mah’ve tamasha-i lab-e-baam abhi” - Iqbal Love (passion, symbolic of prophet Ibrahim’s pbuh, level of belief) leaps into the fire of Nimrod without hesitation Intellect (reason) is still standing dumb-founded at the edge (wondering on the odds of surviving such a jump) The amazing story of a little known college in Chicago, started by Muslims, the first of its kind in America, continues to make news. Northwest Suburban College (NSC) made headlines once again as it crossed another significant milestone in its brief yet eventful lifespan. Tiny NSC located in Rolling Meadows, a suburb of Chicago, announced recently that it has received accreditation from the Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools (ACICS), one of the most respected and longest established national accreditor of academic institutions in the United States, which is recognized by the US Department of Education and the Council for Higher Education

Accreditation (CHEA). Accreditation is a status granted to an institution that meets or exceeds the stated criteria of educational quality. The purposes of accreditation are to assess and enhance the educational quality of an institution, to assure consistency in institutional operations, to promote institutional improvement, and to provide for public accountability. In the words of ACICS, “Receiving accreditation is a complex and daunting task which requires commitment to educational quality.” With this designation NSC now becomes a four-year degree college. Few people thought much of the possibilities of NSC surviving this far, much less getting accredited in such a short period of time. This truly is a testament to the daring passion and commitment of the people behind it. It speaks to the power of faith which so often is needed to overcome the restraining influence of reason. Founded in 2008 by Dr AliNiazee and his family, with the ambitious goal of establishing a Muslim educational institution of higher learning in America dedicated to science and medicine, the college has come a long way from its humble beginnings when it started instructions with only two students in 2009. With astound-

Tiny NSC located in Rolling Meadows, a suburb of Chicago, announced recently that it has received accreditation from the Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools (ACICS), one of the most respected and longest established national accreditor of academic institutions in the United States, which is recognized by the US Department of Education and the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA) ing speed it traversed a difficult and challenging journey, graduat-

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ing to date, 350 students in various branches of Allied Health and 14 students in Basic Sciences. At its third annual Commencement on August 17, 2014 the college graduated 80 students in its school of Allied Health Sciences and granted 6 students with a BS degree in Basic Sciences. The college boasts a record of 90 percent admission rate of its graduating class into offshore medical schools. Many of these are expected to return to mainland US in a few short years to compete successfully and complete their residency trainings in US hospitals. “NSC is unique in two special ways,” says Dr AliNiazee. “It provides an accelerated curriculum #1 with affordable tuition #2. Here you could complete a bachelor of science degree in a little over two years and finish a premed program in two years, with

assured admission to a medical school.” The cost savings come from shaving off two years of college courses. We continue to follow this Cinderella story of NSC with great admiration, as it moves gingerly from one success to another, in its pursuit of becoming an institution of higher learning, where one day its graduates will be admitted to mainland medical schools and complete their education without incurring in that process the terrible burden of a college debt that so often leaves them today hurting for many years to follow. May Allah give its visionary founder and his band of devoted supporters the financial and human resources to successfully reach their goals. To learn more or to donate visit www.northwestsuburbancollege.com.


COMMUNITY

SEPTEMBER 19, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P21

‘Rise For Pakistan’ Team Meets Community in Tampa

Rise For Pakistan USA’ organized an event at the Clarion Hotel in Tampa on September 6 to meet and greet Jawad Ahmad and to introduce the organization in the community. Noreen Iqbal from Occasions by Bali volunteered to take care of the hall arrangements and other logistical issues. Roohi Abidi and her team of students managed the registration desk. Tariq Siddiqui, the president of Pakistani American Association of Tampa Bay, volunteered to make video while Alizay Junejo took pictures of the event. The event was attended by about 100 people from all walks of life. Dr Farrukh Zaidi emceed the program. He started the proceedings by welcoming the guests and introduced Dr Shahnaz Khan who subsequently addressed the gathering. She informed that Rise For Pakistan is a not-for-profit organization and its mission is to educate, organize, and empower students, workers and

other oppressed segments of society so that they could stand up for their rights. In order to achieve that goal Rise For Pakistan works with its sister organization in Pakistan and has set up the International Youth and Workers Movement (IYWM) which serves as a platform for all to come together and work towards a common goal. She then introduced and invited Jawad Ahmad to the podium. Jawad Ahmad spoke about the current political situation in Pakistan and the fact that none of the political parties is addressing the problems facing the poor and working class in cities as well as in rural areas and that is why masses are not relating to their agendas. He said no one is talking about their wages, old-age benefits, health and education problems. He said that even though the minimum wage is set by government at Rs. 12,000 most of the workers are not receiving the allocated aount. These are the issues that need to be addressed and highlighted. He said

that trade unions are one platform through which workers can organize themselves, do collective bargaining and fight for their rights. But in Pakistan only 2 percent of workers in the formal sectors are part of trade unions. The situation in rural areas is even worse as peasants are not even allowed legally to form unions. And thus they do not have the right fight for their rights. In such circumstances how could we ever get rid of feudal system? later, Dr Shahnaz Khan talked about what the organization has achieved so far. Rise For Pakistan has been in existence for only two years. IYWM has about 800 members in 34 cities across Pakistan. “We have presence in 35 educational institutional institutions. We have produced three song videos and four short films highlighting some of these issues. We have held a large concert in Lahore to promote our message of equality of human beings. We hold regular Open Dialogue, Discussion and Debate

(ODDD) session with students and Jawad Ahmad speaks at workers and peasant events. At this point we have offices in Lahore and Karachi. Our future plans include to hold rallies on various issues, file writs about land reforms (Jawad Ahmad is a petitioner in this writ) and other problems facing workers. We would like open offices and to retain many more full time workers to promote our message in all other parts of Pakistan.” She asked for the audience’s financial support in order to do that. For more information about the organization, please visit www.riseforpakistan.org SACRAMENTO FROM P19

Pakistani Pashtun population in Sacramento all the way down to the Stockton area, is easy to understand. And because of him this Pakistani event also became an Af-Pak (Afghanistan-Pakistan) gathering. Raheem Shah began his performance by reminding everyone to appreciate all Pakistani artists because they go

through a lot to come here and perform for us. Pakistan’s national language is Urdu, the majority of its people also speak Punjabi, and if one does not get too academic, the speaker of one on these languages can usually understand the other. Pashto, on the other hand, spoken in the provinces of KP and Baluchistan is a different language altogether. Raheem Shah started off in his native Pashto with a song he dedicated to the late Ghazala Javed who rose out of poverty through her singing but lost her life too early to violence. The bouquet of songs that Raheem Shah performed was limited to four Pashto songs which seemed to move the Pashtuns in the audience immensely while others were taken in by the beat alone or just sitting there “as if they are in a Dharna” as one observer mentioned. Raheem also sang shorter versions of his two mega hits “Channa” (in Punjabi) and the song that has made him the darling of many SACRAMENTO, P29

Stanford’s Maryam Mirzakhani Is the First Muslim Fields Medalist n By Sameen Ahmed Khan Salalah College of Technology (SCOT) Sultanate of Oman

M

aryam Mirzakhani became the first Muslim, the first woman and the first Iranian to be honored with the Fields Medal, the most prestigious award in mathematics. Professor Mizakhani is the first and only Muslim among 56 mathematicians who have received this prestigious honor in the prize’s eighty-year history. The Fields Medal is widely described as the “Nobel Prize of Mathematics”. The award committee cited her work in understanding the symmetry of curved surfaces for the award. Her research topics include Teichmüller theory, hyper-

bolic geometry, ergodic theory, and symplectic geometry. Dr Maryam was born in Tehran, Iran in 1977 and has been working as a professor of mathematics at Stanford University in the USA since 2008. The Fields Medal, officially known as the International Medal for Outstanding Discoveries in Mathematics, is a prize awarded to two, three, or four mathematicians once in four years on the occasion of the International Congress of Mathematicians to recognize outstanding mathematical achievements. A candidate’s 40th birthday must not occur before January 1st of the year of the Congress at which the Fields Medals are awarded. This requirement makes the prize very difficult to win. This year the awards were announced during the International Congress of

Mathematics at Seoul, Korea in August. As a young girl, Maryam dreamed of becoming a writer. By high school, however, her inclination for solving mathematical problems and working on proofs had shifted her sights. Maryam

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became known to the international math scene as a teenager, winning gold medals at the International Math Olympiads held in Hong Kong (1994) and Toronto (1995). In Toronto, she finished with a perfect score. After earning her bachelor’s degree from Sharif

University of Technology in 1999, she began work on her doctorate at Harvard University under the guidance of the 1998 Fields Medalist, Curtis McMullen. She obtained PhD in 2004. From 2004 to 2008, Maryam was a Clay Mathematics Institute Research Fellow and an assistant Professor at Princeton University. She is now a professor at Stanford University. Experts say that her achievements “combine superb problem-solving ability, ambitious mathematical vision and fluency in many disciplines, which is unusual in the modern era, when considerable specialization is often required to reach the frontier”. Her honors include the 2009 Blumenthal Award for the Advancement of Research in Pure Mathematics and the 2013 Satter Prize of the American Mathematical Society.


WOMEN

P22 – PAKISTAN LINK – SEPTEMBER 19, 2014 WOMENS WORLD

S

arah Gandapur, a fashion designer, fashion journalist and a fashion editor belongs from KPK. She had a flair for designing clothes from a young age and writing was her childhood passion. She studied two years at PIFD, Lahore and then went to British Education & Training Systems (BETS) Lahore to complete her fashion studies. It was in 2005 that Sarah started to work full time on her label Sarah Gandapur Designs. Sarah showcased her first collection in Dubai in 2005. Since then she has done various fashion shows and exhibitions in Dubai, Mauritius, Malaysia, India, Sri Lanka, UK, Saudi Arabia and USA. Even though she has never participated in any of the fashion weeks in Pakistan, she has plans on showing her creative designs this year. Recently, Sarah won the first film award (organised by a local channel) for the best costume designer for the Pakistani movie 'Chambaili' of Geo TV. Here's a sneak peek into what Sarah has to say... You! You are a fashion editor, how did you step into fashion

designing? What are you more passionate about? Sarah Gandapur: Well firstly I am a fashion designer. Since writing had always been a childhood passion, fashion journalism came during my studies and later on I became a fashion editor of ILS magazine. To choose one over the other is very difficult and I love doing both. You! What type of clothes do you design for women? S.G: Basically, I have three lines. I make luxury pret, couture and bridal. Most of my clientele is abroad. I was recently in Colombo, Sri Lanka for fashion shows and my collections especially the sari collections were very well received. You! Why do you think women should wear designer clothes? S.G: Why shouldn't they wear designer clothes? They are fun, easy to wear and super stylish. All the beautiful ladies deserve to pamper themselves hence going for designer wear is very important. You! What are the difficulties faced by designers in getting their work done?

SEPTEMBER 12, 2014 - PAKISTAN LINK

S.G: The time constraints connected to order deliveries, the ongoing electricity shortage and mainly managing production. You! What are the high and low points of being a designer? S.G: As a designer the definite high is when you get appreciation for all your hard work and creativity. The lows would be when you have done your best and still due to fashion politics you don't get your due share. You! What are the latest trends this season? S.G: Trends that are in at the moment definitely involve palazzos with short shirts - eastern or western. Also floral tights with kurta or button down shirts are very much in vogue. You! Do you think there is potential for new designers in our fashion industry? S.G: There is always space for new designers in the industry since it's a growing industry. Hence, there is a boom in pret wear stores. You! Do you think it's important for designers to participate in fashion weeks and why? S.G: Fashion weeks are very important for designers because they help to show their clothes on a much bigger platform and to a wider audience and clients. Fashion weeks also present an opportunity for designers to show their creativity. And the media coverage gives the much needed boost to various brands. I think our local fashion weeks are the best things that have ever happened to our designers. You! What are you currently working on? S.G: Currently I'm working on my new bridal line and sari collection for my upcoming shows and shoots. You! What are your favourite international labels? S.G: There are many but I have always loved Tom Ford, Gucci, Dior, Chanel and Cavalli. You! You won an award for the best costume designer for movie Chambaili, what was the experience like? S.G: It was an amazing feeling. Being recognized for all your hard work and being given such a prestigious award felt great. You! Tell us about your recent fashion show in Sri Lanka? S.G: I was invited to do two shows there and the response was phenomenal. Not only did I sell well, I got a lot of orders as well. You! What are your future

plans? S.G: I plan to do more work locally and internationally. Have some fashion weeks coming up later this year hence busy preparing collections at the moment. You! What is your philosophy of life? S.G: At Sarah Gandapur Designs our philosophy is simple - clothes for the complete woman. We make clothes that fit the women of all age groups and the happy clients keep

sists of... S.G: I have got everything from my makeup base to sponges to powders, highlighters, blushes to eye makeup and my personal lip colour and glosses. You! Do you go to a salon regularly for your facials? S.G: No not really I don't believe in facials all that much maybe once in three months. The more you play with your skin the thinner it becomes but regular cleansing and homemade

coming back for more.

masks are good for sure You! Your favourite local stylist or beautician! S.G: Nabila is great for styling and Sagar and Rahim Salon for their amazing hand and feet treatments You! Your preferred spa or salon S.G: Well in Lahore I love 'The Spot Light' by Saba Rana, and Nabila and Sabs salons in Karachi. I like the spa Oxygen too.. You! Your favourite perfumes S.G: My first love is Gucci Rush and presently I am hooked on to Flower Bomb by Viktor &Rolf Courtesy The News

Beauty Corner:

You! What is one cosmetic you cannot do without? S.G: Lip colour and lip gloss! You! When stepping out, do you wear makeup all the time? S.G: No, I usually avoid a lot of makeup You! When it comes to cosmetics, which brand do you usually use? S.G: I usually use Estee Lauder, CD and Lancome for base and powders, their lip colors and all products are lovely too You! Your make-up bag con-

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COMMENTARY n By Siraj Khan

A

Boston, MA

SEPTEMBER 19, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P23

Habib Wali Mohammad – A Class of His Own

few years ago in my hometown Boston, on stage just before the start of Lagta nahi hai ji mera Habib Wali Mohammad cleared his throat and addressed the audience, “Is agli ghazal se mera rishta kuch khaas hai. Mein shehr-e-Rangoon mein paida huwa, jahan Bahadur Shah Zafar ki wafaat huwi thi. Waise umre daraz ke chaar din wali kahani mein bhi main Zafar se ziada peechhe nahi hoon ...”.

While he was born about 60 years after the death of the last Mughal Emperor, their spiritual connection seemed to clearly exist. In the company of the likes of Mehdi Hasan, Ustad Amanat Ali Khan, Farida Khanam, Ghulam Ali and others, Habib Wali Mohammad pushed away the boundaries of the classical ghazal singing, developed his own style and class, and still managed to get into the top league of vocalists of Pakistan. Indeed, to make a mark in the The late Habib Wali Mohammad performs at the residence of the author in Dubai midst of all the torch-bearers of the gharanas, all of whom claimed to be found out later that some kid had audience for this one and also your guests in cups and saucers. Rather the custodians of South Asian music, played mischief and activated the fire prayers”. Once again, there was an use styrofoam hot cups and plastics was obviously not easy for him. I was alarm. The program resumed. Habib, outburst from the audience. His ren- spoons. “The clutter of the ceramic privileged to host many of his stage unfazed by what had happened, ad- dition was flawless, delivered from and the spoons really upsets me and affects my performance”. During the performances in Karachi, Dubai, dressed the audience: ”Is bachhay ko the top drawer. Bahrain and the US. That he was a mera gaana shayed pasand nahi aya. He was equally at home with all program as somebody requested for friend of my father’s was a great bond Shayed kisi aur khilone se iska dil beh- ghazals, whether it was the roman- Raatein thi chandni joban pe thi bain itself. I recall many interesting and lana pare ga.” har, Habib quipped, ”Lagta hai ke amusing anecdotes. Over to Bahrain in the 80s, in bhanwre ke sath aap ki kuch purani Many years ago, after he had Many years ago, after he had the midst of an engaging program, yaadein wabasta hein.” seen our star glide through seen our star glide through his rep- somebody in the audience requested Habib was a simple man, preferhis repertoire alternating ertoire alternating between ghazals for Laung Gawacha. Habib let go of ring the small joys of life to the big and geets with remarkable smooth- his harmonium and said in Urdu, ones. He and his wife were staying between ghazals and geets with us once. We chatted on Friday ness, a journalist asked him about “Look, firstly, I am a Memon and as with remarkable smoothness, evening and retired early in view of which gharana he belonged to. In if even to speak and sing in Urdu is a journalist asked him about his concert next evening in which response Habib said (smiling), “My not bad enough, you are now asking which gharana he belonged about 400 people were expected to only gharana is my ghar with Rehana me to perform in Punjabi. Secondly, to. In response Habib said attend. Activity in the kitchen down(his wife’s name)”. Indeed, his stage this song has been sung by a very (smiling), “My only gharana is performances were always punctu- attractive lady who has an equally stairs made us get up in the morning my ghar with Rehana (his wife’s and I went down tiptoeing so as not ated by his crisp one-liners, many of beautiful voice (referring to Musarto disturb our guests. What I found which I can still recall. rat Nazir) and just look at me and my name)” was that Habib sahib was standing at Once during his performance voice. Can I be excused?”. The audiin Boston, the fire alarm went off ence was in stitches. He then kept on tic verses of Ghalib or somebody the kitchen sink washing dishes from and in compliance with the regula- singing as planned. Towards the end, more contemporary like Parveen last night’s dinner and the begum tions everybody had to exit and get he suddenly asked, “Woh laung ga- Shakir. Much earlier during my days was making parathas for breakfast away from the auditorium. I too was wacha wale sahib hein ya chale gaye?” in Dubai, he was performing at a for everyone. Over breakfast, I asked him rushing out and when I was out- The gentleman was still there. Habib mehfil at our humble abode. As a side he caught up with me panting said, “Well, I will try and sing the host, I asked him of his preferences, which one of the Baazi hits he liked without his shoes on. “Bhai mere, farmaish, but please close all doors so do’s and don’ts. He had just one re- more (referring to Ashiyan jal gaya aur kitna bhaagna hai hamein?” We that nobody escapes. I need a captive quest. That we do not serve tea to the or Joban pe thi bahar). His response

n By Camila Osorio Avendano

F

New America Media CA

rom tacos and tamales to falafel, pretzels and hot dogs, New Yorkers love street food. But the people who make a living cooking and selling these foods remain largely unknown.

“It’s rough for a women to sell tamales, unfortunately they are sold really cheap,” says Heleodora Vivar, who started selling tamales to immigrant workers in The Bronx in 1987. Heleodora is in her late sixties, but speaks with the energy of a fifteen-year-old. She is confident that she wouldn’t have made it in the streets of New York if it weren’t for the cooking skills and the strong character she brought with her from her home state of Guerrero, Mexico. “Women from there are tougher,” she says proudly. For years she woke up at 3:00 a.m. to cook tamales to sell during the morning rush hour. Recently she switched to selling merchandise, like gloves in the winter and bracelets in the summer, because she said she is too old to keep the crazy pace of a food vendor working seven days a week.

The Untold Story of Women Vendors in New York But for decades, Vivar’s life was an endless cycle of cooking, selling and shopping. “When you finish selling each day you have to go to the supermarket and start preparing for the next day,” she said. “So it’s a chain, it’s the rhythm you have to bring.” Like workers at fast food restaurants, street vendors also cook and sell food at an industrial pace. But while employees of McDonald’s, Taco Bell and other fast food chains have stepped up their demands for higher wages and better working conditions, vendors like Heleodora have been left out of the movement. Some vendors say they value being their own boss, but they also deal with challenges that are very different than those facing employees of chain restaurants. With an estimated 25,000 street vendors throughout all five boroughs, New York City leads the nation in curbside commerce. According to the Street Vendor Project, an organization representing street vendors in New York, 90 percent of the city’s vendors are immigrants, and around half of all vendors are women. In the

Bangladeshi and Egyptian communities it’s mostly men who work as street vendors, while among Chinese and Latino vendors, women are especially dominant. “All along Roosevelt Avenue you will see only women selling,” says Laura, 24, a vendor who sells tacos in Jackson Heights, Queens. Laura claims that most Latino men who own food carts prefer to hire young women like her to cook and serve the tacos rather than doing it themselves. “It’s a macho culture,” she explains

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An undocumented immigrant, Laura had few employment options when she arrived in the US from Mexico four years ago. She says making tacos was the only job she could find. The job pays her enough to send money to her family back in Mexico, but the work isn’t easy. In addition to the long hours, she has learned how to deal with drunken customers hungry for a late-night taco, as well as the police, who issue summonses to vendors for a variety of violations. Each year New York City issues 5,100 street vendor permits. That

was, “Thehr bhi jao sanam” sung by Mala and picturized on Nisho and composed by maestro Sohail Rana. Such was his wonderful sense of humor. These are absolutely wonderful memories. Their only daughter Ruxana is married to my close friend, Yunus Bengali. Legendary composer OP Nayyar was a great fan of Habib Wali Mohammad. OPN shared with me once that he had composed two songs in the 1940s, which he had also penned himself and recorded in the voice of Habib under his assumed name of Kamal Roy, so that his parents wouldn’t know that it was their son singing. CH Atma was also present at the recording studios. (HMV 78 rpm record No N 88095). Check these out: Side 1. Kit Gayi Man ki Naav Maanjhi soojat nahee kinara ht t p : / / w w w. y out u b e . c om / watch?v=3ZjzCeCynnw Side 2. Aag lagi man mein moray Habib left for the US soon thereafter for higher studies. When he returned in 1947, the landscape had changed. Kamal Roy was an open secret by then, but now he was also armed with his MBA, so his parents were more receptive to his ghazalsinging exploits. The list of Habib Wali Muhammad’s ghazal and geet hits is rather long. From Ghalib’s Ye na thi hamari qismat, Marne hi duwaen kyun mangoon by Jazbi, Parveen Shakir’s Gori karat singhar, Jigar’s Mera jo haal ho so ho barqe nazar girae ja, Afshan Sohail Rana’s Gajra bana ke le aa malinya, Rahe talab mein kaun kisi ka, Kab mera nasheman ahle chaman, Mujhe bhulane wale, the patriotic evergreens like Sohni Dharti Allah Rakhe, Ae Nigar-e-Watan and so many others. His musical collaboration with composer Sohail Rana was highly productive and if there was one creation which alone can keep his name alight forever, it is the gem from their 1973 film Badal aur Bijli, popular not just on both sides of the border, but across the planet. Waqt ki qaid mein zindagi hai magar, chand gharrian yahi hein jo azaad hein Inko kho kar kaheen janejaan umr bhar na taraste raho, aaj jaane ki zid na karo means only about 20 per cent of the city’s vendors operate under the law. That’s why many unlicensed women vendors keep the food they sell in shopping carts, so they can move quickly when they see the police coming. Street vendors also face a dizzying bureaucracy, and there is no central city agency to handle their concerns. Instead, any change in the regulation of street vendors must be approved by the City Council. The Council is divided on how to regulate vendors, says Council Member Daniel Dromm, who represents Jackson Heights. Some Council members side with store owners who oppose vendors, while others support vendor’s rights. As far back as the 1940s Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia determined that “vending was not a proper use of the public space,” explains Sean Basinski, director of the Street Vendor Project. Basinski started his own burrito stand when he was in his twenties but soon gave up on the idea and went to law school instead. He founded the Street Vendor Project to help vendors deal with what he sees as a hostile legal system facing New York City’s street merchants. VENDORS, P29


COMMENTARY

P24 – PAKISTAN LINK – SEPTEMBER 19, 2014 n By Humayun Gauhar

S

Humpty Dumpty

Islamabad

abeena, a very pretty girl from Karachi whose beauty can stop the traffic dead in its tracks, asked me the question that is on everyone’s minds, “Please write and say what is going to happen?” This article is my answer. I dedicate it to her and all the people who are concerned. I will answer the question in allegory and poetry.

After watching the pathetic performance of the ‘Assembly of the Unwise’ that passes for our parliament last week I was appalled. It was held with the sole purpose of finding a solution to the crisis that threatens not only to demolish the government but the system as well. Instead of dousing the fire with water, the treasury eggheads threw more fuel on the flames and this old nursery rhyme came to mind. Humpty Dumpty Sat on a Wall Humpty Dumpty Had a Great Fall All the King’s Horses and all the King’s Men Couldn’t put Humpty together again. Poor Humpty, he thinks he is cock of the walk. Instead, our Humpty is a large ostrich egg that has occupied the wall that rightly belongs to the rooster who should be cock of the walk. Those around him are smaller eggs of carrion eating crows, vultures and owls who have pushed him off the wall twice before. With friends like these, who needs enemies? These little eggs are about to become small fries and prove the adage: “It is more dangerous to have stupid friends than intelligent enemies.” Humpty Dumpty hasn’t fallen off the wall yet but with the earthquake going on beneath him and his egghead friends stupidly pushing him off, he needs a miracle to stay on his perch. They are not the king’s horses and men because there is no king, only Humpty’s delusion that he is king. Those closest to Humpty are owl eggs, a bird that is supposed to be stupid in our cultural context. Which reminds me of a line from a Pakistani folk verse: Har shakh peh ullu baitha hai, anjam-e-gulistan kya ho ga? ¬– “With an owl perched on every branch, what will the fate of our garden be?” In case you are wondering, the first line that completes the verse is, Barbad gulistan karnay ko, sirf aik he ullu kafi tha -- “To destroy the garden only one owl was enough”. I wonder whether the ‘ullu’ is a Butt, with apologies to the many good Butts. Humpty Dumpty in on the wall and also hiding in his mental bunker. Best that he gets off and away in one piece and tries to climb back on again once the race is back on, but without rigging and nobbling it this once. If he qualifies for the race that is. And herein lies the rub. Humpty Dumpty fears getting off the wall lest he becomes an omelette and the eggs around him get scrambled. Many chefs are waiting armed with knives, frying pans and spices that are the criminal charges against him and his ‘egghorts’ as in cohorts, not warthogs. The worst spices are called terrorism and murder, the first of which could land him

R

oughly 100 million Americans suffer from chronic pain lasting more than six months, according to a report from the Institute of Medicine. Throughout the past decade, the use of painkillers such as Vicodin, Percocet and OxyContin has soared by 300 percent. For many – 17,000 people per year, or 46 each day – the treatment is worse than the pain; those are the number of users who die from the medicine, according to the Centers for Disease Control. For every person who dies from the use of painkillers, 30 more are admitted to emergency rooms due to complications. “Those figures are appalling,” says Dr Frank King, a doctor of naturopathy, president of King Bio natural medicine company, and author of The Healing Revolution (www.kingbio.com). “Death is just one of the many

in the jug and immediate scrambling. The others are money laundering, embezzlement through kickbacks and commissions, perjury, election rigging and what have you. Quite an egg, our Humpty. Then possible High Treason looms. Democracy is the will of the majority of the people. Subverting the will of the people is subverting the Constitution. Subverting the Constitution is treason. QED. Stupid Humpty who would be king has one owl’s egg in his midst that he has given the job of maintaining law and good order and security to. This egg’s performance left one flabbergasted, searching for some method in this madness. The only method one could find was that in reality he is deceitfully trying to push Humpty off the wall by injecting steroids into the conflagration, perhaps to take Humpty’s perch himself, just like another egg recently betrayed the master chef Imran Khan. But don’t rule out the simple: stupidity that is rife in Humpty’s nest of eggs of owls, crows and vultures masquerading as King’s horses and men, even though at one time or another many of them were laid by the King and were in the King’s Party. This particular egg with a petrol pump has a hairy head adorned by a luxuriant wig. Because this egg’s head keeps growing with self-importance he has to waste money on buying and larger wigs in three sizes – short, medium and long to show that he has real hair that grows and he gets haircuts. He should fear the day he gets a real haircut. Reminds me of our elders’ warning: “Never trust a man in a wig because he has a massive inferiority complex.” I would add: “Never trust an egg with a wig either”. These eggs with more chips on their shoulders than needed to pave Humpty’s entire motorway don’t realize that a man’s beauty lies in his head, not on it. One night last week the frustrated bewigged egg launched a vile attack on one of the few non-eggs in the ‘Assembly of the Unwise’. Though Humpty tried to calm the troubled water in the Assemblage the next day, Aitzaz the non-egg gave bewigged a befitting reply, tearing him apart limb from limb and shredding him to shreds, even taking his wig off with

words more piercing than bullets. He’s from Cambridge, remember. What a performance. Even better than the one two days earlier, though that one left me looking for logic. He agreed that the elections had been rigged and that there was corruption in the ranks, that the ‘Assembly of the Unwise’ had failed to deliver, but then he went on to say that he stood by Humpty Dumpty for the sake of ‘democracy’ and prevent the precedent of tens of thousands of chefs and sous chefs descending on Inqilab Avenue and Azadi Chowk outside the halls of the ‘Assembly of the Unwise’ and overthrow governments. One was left wondering: how can you support a corrupt Humpty that has got on the wall through rigged elections

People keep talking about scripts, implying that they are written by the army or the CIA or both. God writes everyone’s script. He writes the scripts of the cosmos. The only relevant scripts are the script written by Him. He is the greatest scriptwriter, the greatest bestselling author if you support real democracy? You should push him off the wall, let him be scrambled for the sake of achieving real democracy that cries out for accountability, for letting genuine democracy enter the Land of Gotham for the first time ever so that no more fake Humpty Dumptys get on its wall again. Gotham was agog. I suppose he is hostage to his party’s line that can change faster than you can say ‘democracy’ – “our promise is not written in the Hadees or Qur’an”, remember – and because they fear that if Humpty falls off the wall he could take the entire system down with him of which they are all beneficiaries. They will all get fried, scrambled or become omelettes, never to be put together again except by the King’s spooks and the Hegemon’s spooks who laid many of them in the first place. I am no astrologer, more an interpreter of political events, and right now my political radar tells me that Humpty Dumpty is trapped

Four Natural Ways to End Pain

side-effects of heavy-duty pharmaceuticals, and researchers unanimously agree that addiction to painkillers has risen drastically in recent years. People are so focused on pain that they miss the fact that it is a signal of deeper health problems. Don’t shoot the messenger! Listen to the pain, and it will lead you to the root causes.” With decades of experience helping patients, Dr King offers four natural suggestions for pain management. • Identify the root causes of pain. Pain is a signal of deeper problems, similar to the warning light on the dashboard of your car. You can mask the light with duct tape, which is what prescription drugs do with pain. You can cut the wires, which might symbolize a surgical approach. Or you can look for the root causes, which is what our more natural,

holistic approach seeks to do. Address the problem, and the pain will subside. • Make good choices. Most chronic

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in a dead end and the system is in terminal decline caused systemic failure. Unless the Master Chefs of Gotham, Qadri and Imran, compromise I don’t see how he can get out of this one. The bewigged egg started the proceedings of the ‘Assembly of the Unwise’ with a speech atrocious in its belligerence and bellicosity, full of threats and dire warnings with nary an olive branch in sight. He set the tone by pouring the first can of fuel on the flames, making well nigh impossible the possibility of forging a solution to the crisis. The eggs against Humpty followed in similar vein, first castigating Humpty for his failures – “How could you let the situation come to this sorry pass with your intransience and obduracy?” – but all then saying that they stood by him because they stood by what passes for democracy in Gotham. I am no astrologer, more an interpreter of political events, and right now my political radar tells me that Humpty Dumpty is trapped in a dead end and the system is in terminal decline caused systemic failure. Unless the Master Chefs of Gotham, Qadri and Imran, compromise I don’t see how he can get out of this one. Both are highly unlikely to. Neither are the protesters likely to run out of steam. Their passion has to be felt: it is palpable. I am thinking of Allama Iqbal’s poem ‘God’s Command to the Angels’ that was earlier called ‘Ode to Lenin’ but the obscurants caused the title to be changed. Arise now! Awaken the Poor of my World, And Shake the Citadels of the great. Set the blood of Slaves Afire Let the little sparrow engage the dreaded falcon Comes the Day of the Rule of the People Erase every image of tyrants and oppressors Burn down every bushel of wheat from every field That does not feed the tiller. It was the ‘Defense of Pakistan Day yesterday. What are we doing to defend Pakistan today? God forbid, we seem to be working towards ‘Destruction of Pakistan Day’. It is time to stand up and be counted to save our mother, our land. So I won’t get so excited as to say that the Day of Democracy has come, but it may be the beginning. Wait to see the streak of while light of dawn on the horizon, and if you do, bow down in thanks. Never lose hope. Never lose Faith. God is great. So are the people, His vicegerents on Earth. They will win their lost God-given sovereignty back. Ameen. People keep talking about scripts, implying that they are written by the army or the CIA or both. God writes everyone’s script. He writes the scripts of the cosmos. The only relevant scripts are the script written by Him. He is the greatest scriptwriter, the greatest bestselling author. Got it pretty lady, ladies and gentlemen? Does this answer your question? Keep Faith and only with God. We will overcome. The people will prevail. Faith. Peace be upon you and yours.

conditions are caused by bad lifestyle choices. Try walking more, eating and sleeping better, eliminating stress and bad habits from your life, and watch pain decrease and health increase. It’s that simple. Moreover, surround yourself with a healing community of likeminded “healing buddies” who support your healthy choices. • Explore natural healing techniques, and if necessary, see a natural healing practitioner. You are your best doctor, on call 24/7. I developed many self-healing techniques that address the needs of every aspect of mind-body health. These techniques are free and easy to implement at home, on the job, and wherever you might be. You might also explore meditation, yoga and other approaches for filling the holes in your wholeness.

• Look into homeopathy. Homeopathy predates modern medicine. Homeopathic medicines are safe and effective, with no known side-effects or negative drug interactions. They target the root causes, not the superficial pain. I have personally seen homeopathy dramatically raise the quality of life and happiness for countless of my patients. With the appalling death toll due to pharmaceutical pain medication, natural solutions like homeopathy are our safest, brightest hope for the future of pain management. About Dr. Frank King; Dr. Frank King is a chiropractor, doctor of naturopathy, and founder and president of King Bio, an FDA-registered pharmaceutical manufacturing company dedicated to education, research, development, manufacture and distribution of safe and natural homeopathic medicines for people and pets.


SPORTS SPORTS

Afridi to Lead Pakistan in Twenty20s Again

LAHORE: Shahid Afridi has been appointed Pakistan's Twenty20 captain until the 2016 World T20 in India. He has succeeded Mohammad Hafeez, who stood down in April following Pakistan's early exit from the 2014 World T20 in Bangladesh. ESPNcricinfo understands the choice was between a young player and an experienced hand, but it was decided that none of the youngsters in the team were ready for such a responsibility. The decision was taken with the consent of the selection committee, head coach Waqar Younis and the PCB cricket committee, and it was approved by the PCB chairman Shaharyar Khan, who has the final say in such matters. "Whatever happened in the past is over and now I have started a new beginning," Afridi said of his relationship with Waqar. "I will develop a fearless approach in the players and eradicate the fear of loss as a captain. This format is not for the chickenhearted player" Afridi, 34, had captained Pakistan in 19 Twenty20 internationals between August 2009 and April 2011. Pakistan won eight and lost 11 matches under his leadership. Afridi has not led Pakistan in any format for more than three years and will have one match against Australia and two against New Zealand before the year ends. Over the last 12 months, Afridi has taken 10 wickets at an average of 26.80 in 11 T20 internationals, and scored 173 runs at a strike rate of 150. Misbah-ul-Haq is Pakistan's Test and one-day international captain and he is expected to continue in the 50-over role until the 2015 World Cup, the PCB reaffirmed while announcing Afridi's appointment. "In line with my policy of taking decisions democratically I consulted the Cricket Committee and my board members before announcing these decisions," PCB chairman Shaharyar Khan said. "I wish both Afridi and Misbah very good luck in their

Suspended Ajmal Targets World Cup for Comeback

KARACHI: Suspended Pakistan offspinner Saeed Ajmal is hoping to compete in next year's World Cup, after completing a rehabilitation program at the National Cricket Academy. Suspended Pakistan offspinner Saeed Ajmal is hoping to compete in next year's World Cup, after completing a rehabilitation program at the National Cricket Academy. Pakistan will be without Ajmal in next month's series against Australia in the United Arab Emirates after he was suspended by the International Cricket Council when his elbow extension was tested more than twice the allowable limit of 15 degrees. "I am sitting in front of you without any tension," Ajmal said in Lahore. "Whatever happened was disappointing for me, but now I am not disappointed at all. I am eyeing staging a strong comeback in the World Cup." The Pakistan Cricket Boardhas hired former Test offspinner Saqlain Mushtaq to assist Ajmal in remodeling his bowling action. Saqlain is expected to join Ajmal at

the academy early next week. "He (Saqlain) is a legend and used to bowl exactly like me; doosra, off-spin and everything," Ajmal said. "He knows a lot and has done enough coaching, hopefully I will get benefit from his experience." The selectors have also started searching for a suitable replacement of Ajmal for the one-off Twenty20, three one-day internationals and two Tests against Australia. "We have lot of talent in our country. I am sure my replacement will perform better than me.", Ajmal said. According to ICC report, none of the deliveries by Ajmal during the eight overs of biomechanical testing in Australia came close to meeting the required regulations of 15 degrees elbow extension. The experts were satisfied with Ajmal's replication of his suspected deliveries from when he was reported during the lost first Test against Sri Lanka in Galle last month. He was previously reported in 2009 for his doosra - a delivery that spins away from right-handed batsmen before he was cleared. J

Clarke Tuled Out of Pak ODI Series And Doubtful for Tests upcoming assignments." Afridi's previous stint as captain ended on a bad note in May 2011. He had a public falling-out with the coach Waqar Younis, who was also in his first term at the time, and an outburst against the then PCB chairman Ijaz Butt. The PCB issued him a showcause notice for the breach of discipline and stripped him off the captaincythereafter. The board also excluded him from the list of contracted players and refused to issue no-objection certificates (NOC) to allow Afridi to play in domestic Twenty20 leagues.

Afridi, however, took the matter to court and both sides eventually came to an agreement: Afridi pleaded guilty to misconduct and paid a fine of Rupees 4.5 million, and the PCB allowed him to play domestic Twenty20 cricket in England. Afridi then announced a conditional retirement, saying he would return if there were changes in the PCB and the team management. He made himself available for selection again in October 2011, after Waqar quit as national coach and Zaka Ashraf replaced Butt as PCB chairman. J

Muhammad Aamir Ties The Knot KARACHI: Cricketer M Aamir, who is currently serving the remainder of his five-year ban for involvement in spot-fixing four years ago, recently tied the knot with Nargis, a British Pakistani. The former wunderkind, who is close to completing the ban imposed on him by the International Cricket Council (ICC) in 2010, has been making amends and in his quest for stability, decided it was time to get hitched. "I felt it was the right time for me to get into a relationship," Aamir was quoted as saying. "One has to get a life partner at some stage of life, so I decided to do it now. I didn't feel the need to wait any longer." Aamir and Nargis have had their Nikkah ceremony, while the rukhsati is scheduled to take place in a year's time. The 22-year-old Pakistani pacer, who made his International debut in 2009, played a prominent role in lead-

SEPTEMBER PAKISTAN SEPTEMBER19, 19, 2014 2014 –- PAKISTAN LINKLINK – P25

ing the Pakistani team to winning the T20 World Cup the same year. Before being banned by the ICC, he was hailed as the 'next big thing' on the international circuit and touted as the heir to the 'sultan of swing' Wasim Akram. Aamir said that he liked Nargis and married her only after her parents' approval. Aamir represented Pakistan in 14 Tests, claiming 51 wickets while

dismissing 25 batsmen in 15 One Day Internationals (ODIs). In addition to that, he has played in 18 T20Is for Pakistan, claiming 23 wickets. Unable to partake in any cricketing activity, Aamir signed a Lollywood movie titled Blind Love while he was still single. But now that he is married, we wondered whether or not his wife would allow him to continue with the project. "Honestly speaking, it was Nargis who encouraged me to do the film, so, I hope there will be no issues," he clarifies. The left-arm pacer recalls how horrible he felt when certain sections of the media were associating him with his British lawyer Sajida Malik. "Certain media outlets ran the news that Sajida and I were in love and would be getting married soon. She was like a mother to me, but some people tried to create controversy and I am hoping all of them got their answer after my Nikkah," comments Aamir. J

SYDNEY: Michael Clarke has been officially ruled out of next month's one day series against Pakistan and is in doubt for the two Tests that follow. The Australian captain injured himself on arrival at last month's triseries in Zimbabwe and did further damage when he attempted to return for the third game. Clarke flew home to receive further treatment but looks to be in serious trouble with the hamstring. The Australian reported earlier this month Clarke was unlikely to play the one day matches, but a report on a Fairfax website earlier today claimed that his injury was not as bad as first feared. Clarke was obviously upset with the story and tweeted: "not sure where you got this info from but like I have said for a long time, you should check before you write". The captain then added that the journalists should ring physiotherapist Alex Kountouris: "feel free to contact the Australian Physio. You have his number". That was not the end of it. Cricket Australia then used its corporate website to reveal that Clarke would not play in the limited over matches. And late this evening a release was put out by the organisation quot-

ing Kountouris. "Since returning to Australia Michael has had a series of investigations that have confirmed a significant hamstring injury," the physiotherapist said. "Importantly, the scans have demonstrated tendon damage which complicates the recovery from this injury. "As such, he will not recover in time to be available for the ODI series in the UAE. We are hopeful that he will be available for the Test series but this will be determined at a date closer to the first Test." There are question marks over Clarke's future in the one day game after next year's World Cup. Since assuming the captaincy from Ricky Ponting he has missed 25 of 67 games and his hamstring and back problems seem to be getting worse. In recent times George Bailey has assumed the captaincy when Clarke has been unavailable and Phil Hughes will be on standby in the United Arab Emirates during the series against Pakistan as cover. Hughes was left out of the ODI squad despite averaging 40 with a strike rate of 80 at the top of the order in the tri-series. However, with the return of Shane Watson and David Warner even Clarke's absence won't guarantee Hughes a game. J

Swiss Teen Bencic Upsets Kuznetsova in Tokyo TOKYO: Rising Swiss star Belinda Bencic upset two-time Grand Slam champion Svetlana Kuznetsova 6-3, 6-0 in the first round of the Pan Pacific Open in Tokyo recently , maintaining recent impressive form. The wildcard broke the Russian veteran's serve twice in the first set and three times in the second to win the match at Ariake Tennis Park in only 68 minutes. The 17-year-old is on the back of a run to the quarterfinals at the US

Open in New York. Kuznetsova, the 2004 US Open and 2009 French Open title winner showed her desperation to outpower Bencic with deep serves, as she double-faulted on the hard surface six times. Only four first-round singles matches were played on Monday at the $1 million event. Four top-seeds, including world number eight Angelique Kerber of Germany and ninth-ranked Dane

Caroline Wozniacki enjoyed a bye to the second round. It was a happy return to Tokyo for Bencic who won her first match on the WTA tour in the same event last year. Her world ranking has risen to 34th from below 300th in a year. "I was feeling great from the beginning," said the right-hander, coached by her father Ivan and occasionally by Melanie Molitor, the mother of Switzerland's former world number one Martina Hingis. J

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Belinda Bencic of Switzerland returns a shot against Svetlana Kuznetsova of Russia during their first round match of the Pan Pacific Open tennis tournament in Tokyo.


COMMENTARY

P26 – PAKISTAN LINK – SEPTEMBER 19, 2014

1999 Dot Com Rally Compare to Recent Rally n By Saghir Aslam Rawalpindi, Pakistan (The following information is provided solely to educate the Muslim community about investing and financial planning. It is hoped that the Ummah will benefit from this effort through greater financial empowerment, enabling the community to live in security and dignity and fulfill their religious and moral obligations towards charitable activities)

Comparing two great stock market rallies of recent times. I was very much involved day to day stock market performance in 1999 study, research, regularly on week end spent lot of time business daily particularly Barons which I consider bible of stock market. Up five days a week buying selling starting at 6am home multiple computer screens going giving me different information business T.V. stations in addition be on the phone with different brokers from Goldman Sacks, Prudential, Morgan Stanley, Wachovia and other very well-known brokerage firms as well as some small independent firms in stock market. In the beginning it was hard to understand even as we moved along and it was extremely difficult as Dot Com stock prices had no time or reason to go up at times it was difficult and various time to pay the going price because companies had no earnings matter of fact many were annually losing millions. How do you invest in a company stock price so high but company losing money? One would scratch his head what’s going on. It was

extremely difficult time to invest. I used the word invest yes very difficult to invest gamble yes and many new investors did just that one of brother who bragged about it in every gathering all the time how much money he is making it has changed their life. I have and am making lot of money. I was surprised when he called me and wanted to discuss with me and get some advice. You all know I do not advice I only share information and request you to use the research. Anyway this brother did come to office we met. His 9openingstatement was Saghir I have lost all the money I made and much more matter of fact worst. When I was making so much money. I decided I want to invest more so I borrowed money against my home as much as I could naturally that means large monthly mortgage payment. Now I have lost all the money that I had and worst for me is I have even lost the money which I borrowed against my home. Now I have large monthly mortgage payment which I am not able to pay. I am so far behind in mortgage payments that the bank is threating to foreclosure if that happens we have no place to go as I don’t have money left even to pay small rent. Stock market guru Warren Buffet

would not invest a nickel in the Dot Com companies. He used the same term what I wrote earlier, its gamble not investment. He further said I invest in the market I do not gamble in the market there are casinos if you want to invest. I am an investor. Dot Com if one invested in it broke all the investing rules established for decades. It was different, it was unique lot of people made good amount of money most of them lost fortunes. Dot Com were the days you could buy an IPO flip it within a day or two sometime say day with appreciation of 20% to in some cases are double. However you could only benefit if you were a good client of a reputable firm with few million invested with them. Since I was so deeply involved in it I could write a book I mean book with many pages and many stories good and bad. Current Rally is it Real? Let’s talk about today stock market rally. Although market has been going up like crazy more than most of us expected, but if you look at it and analyze it. Market is going up with reasons good companies. Company’s great history company’s great performance. It has base. There is reason for market to go this market investors have benefited investors have made money. Even through the market is so high. STOP Losses are Major Key to be successful not just in this market but every market. As the stocks continue to rise you raise up your stop loss you may pick a winner and continue to raise stop loss after stop loss. Make sure you stick with the rule whatever rule you have established. From the current price not from your cost how much are you willing to loose. Generally stop loss has not much to do with your cost. Each time where the stock price is, how much are you willing to loose. Stop Loss after Stop Loss. (Continued next week). (Saghir A. Aslam only explains strategies and formulas that he has been using. He is merely providing information, and NO ADVICE is given. Mr. Aslam does not endorse or recommend any broker, brokerage firm, or any investment at all, or does he suggest that anyone will earn a profit when or if they purchase stocks, bonds or any other investments. All stocks or investment vehicles mentioned are for illustrative purposes only. Mr. Aslam is not an attorney, accountant, real estate broker, stockbroker, investment advisor,

or certified financial planner.

Mr. Aslam does not have anything for sale.)

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Qurbani/Udhiya Pakistan • India • Bangladesh • Sri Lanka Guinea • Sierra Leone • Cameroon • Ethiopia • Somalia

Goat/Sheep: $150 each Cow: $65/share, $455 each Donate online at: www.hidaya.org Donate by Phone: 866.244.3292 Mail Checks Payable to: Hidaya Foundation PO Box 5481 Santa Clara, CA 95056 Donate your Qurbani for the poor and help make Eid special for them.

Hidaya Foundation 866.2.HIDAYA | www.hidaya.org Hidaya Foundation is a non-profit 501 (c)(3) charitable organization with Tax ID # 77-0502583

Exchange Rates for Currency Notes* Countries

USA S.Arabia UK Japan Euro UAE

Selling Rs.

Buying Rs.

102.70 27.30 166.60 0.9600 132.50 27.90

102.90 27.50 166.80 0.9700 132.70 28.10

(*September 16, 2014)

US VISA AVAILABILITY IN SEPTEMBER, 2014 For Pakistan, Bangladesh & India Compiled by Hasan Chishti FAMILY SPONSORED PREFERENCES

Pakistan/Bangladesh

1st Unmarried sons & daughters of U.S. Citizens

May 1, 2007

May 1, 2007

2-A Spouses and unmarried children of permanent residents

Jan. 1, 2013

Jan. 1, 2013

2-B Unmarried sons & daughters (21 years of age or older) of permanent residents

Sept. 1, 2007

Sept. 1, 2007

Married sons & daughters of US citizens Nov. 15, 2003

Nov. 15, 2003

3

rd

4th Brothers & sisters of adult U.S. citizens

Jan. 1, 2002

India

Jan. 1, 2002

EMPLOYMENT BASED CATEGORY 1st Priority workers

Current

2nd Members of the professions holding advanced degree or persons of exceptional ability

Current

May 1, 2009

3rd Skilled workers Other workers

April 1, 2011 April 1, 2011

Nov. 8, 2003 Nov. 8, 2003

4th Certain special immigrants Certain religious workers

Current Current

5th Employment creation Targeted Employment Areas/ Regional Centers and Pilot Programs

Current

Current

Current Current Current

UNLIMITED FAMILY-BASED Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizens (IR): The spouse, widow(er) and unmarried children under 21 of a U.S citizen, and the parent of a U.S. citizen who is 21 or older. Returning Residents (SB): Immigrants who lived in the United States previously as lawful permanent residents and are returning to live in the U.S. after a temporary visit of more than one year abroad.


RELIGION

SEPTEMBER 19, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P27

Prophet Muhammad as a Humanitarian Leader

Gems from the Holy Qur’an

n By Dr Muzammil H. Siddiqi

W

e sent you not except as a mercy for the worlds. (AlAnbiya’ 21:107)

Have you seen someone who rejects religion? That is the person who pushes the orphan aside and does not promote feeding the needy. Woe to those who pray but who are unmindful of their prayer, whose aim is to be noticed, while they hold back the common courtesies. (Al-Ma’un 107:1-7) The word “humanitarian” is defined in Webster’s Dictionary as “a person devoted to promoting the welfare of humanity, especially through the elimination of pain and suffering.” Prophet Muhammad was the best example and the greatest leader who came to promote human welfare. Allah sent him as a “mercy to the worlds.” As a Prophet and Messenger of Allah, his mission was to guide human beings to the path of truth and salvation. He, however, did not limit his work to preaching faith and prayers alone; he also emphasized helping all human beings, regardless of their races, colors or religions. He was good to all human beings. The purpose of this talk is to emphasize the humanitarian aspects of the Sirah of the Prophet - peace be upon him. We shall look at both the humanitarian teachings of the Prophet and his humanitarian example. Humanitarian teachings of the Prophet From the beginning of his mission until he left this world, Prophet Muhammad emphasized that all human beings are one family, descending from the one and same father and mother, Adam and Eve. He spoke against racial or color discrimination. He spoke against tribalism and against all kinds of prejudices. There is not a single incident or a single statement in which he showed directly or indirectly any prejudice against any person of any race, color or tribe. In the society in which he was born such discriminations were common; but he always spoke against them and reminded his followers to treat all people with respect. He emphasized justice towards all people. He was just not only to Muslims, but also to non-Muslims. He was just not only to his friends but also to his enemies. Allah gave him the message of

From the translation by Muhammad Asad (Leopold Weiss) (Recently, a media talk show host, well known for his anti-Muslim bias, saw it fit to make scornful remarks against the Qur’an on TV. In these columns, selections from this Holy Book will be published, so that unacquainted readers of the Pakistan Link may be able to judge for themselves.)

universal justice: O ye who believe! stand out firmly for Allah, as witnesses to fair dealing, and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just: that is next to Piety: and fear Allah. For Allah is wellacquainted with all that you do. (Al-Ma’idah 5:8) Prophet Muhammad - peace be upon him- preached this message and practiced it in the best way. Neither in the time of peace nor in the time of war he did injustice to his enemies. Actually, in many instances when he defeated his enemies in battles, he forgave them and let them go free. He emphasized the human rights of all people. Before Prophet Muhammad there was no concept of universal human rights; it was he who gave the world this idea that all human beings have some God-given and inalienable rights. He spoke about the rights of life, right of basic necessities of life, right of property, protection of honor, personal freedom, freedom of expression, freedom of conscience and conviction, equality before law, the right of consultation. It was he who taught that women must be treated with respect and honor. It was he who taught the dignity of workers and said that workers should be given fair wages and paid promptly. It was Prophet Muhammad - peace and blessings of Allah be upon him - who taught the first time in history that rulers are responsible before their people

and they can be removed by the people. Prophet Muhammad taught kindness to family, love of children, respect of parents and elders and kindness to neighbors. He told us that even if our parents or other relatives reject Allah’s message and continue in their unbelief or idol worship, we should not mistreat them. We should not follow their wrong ways, but in worldly matters we should be good to them. He told us that we should treat all our neighbors with care and kindness. He told us, “He/she is not a believer who eats while his neighbor is hungry.” He did not distinguish between a Muslim and non-Muslim in this humanitarian treatment of relatives and neighbors. Prophet Muhammad was not only kind to Muslims; he was also kind and respectful to non-Muslims. He listened to their arguments and answered them in the nicest manner. He criticized their misconceptions and gave them the message of Islam, but never forced them to accept Islam. Some of his own relatives did not accept Islam but the Prophet did not mistreat them even when he had full powers to do that. He rather helped them whenever they were in need. He taught kindness to neighbors and to all relatives whether Muslims or nonMuslims. Prophet Muhammad never allowed fighting any person or group unless they attacked first. He urged peaceful relations, agreement and treaties and he reminded his followers to observe all treaties and covenants as long as the enemies observed them. Hu m a n i tarian Example of the Prophet Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him - also gave us a perfect example of a hu m a n it a r i a n leader. In his early age, before Allah appointed him as His Prophet and Messenger, Prophet Muhammad was known as an honest, trustworthy and truthful person. He was called al-

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Sadiq and al-Amin. It was due to his loving and peaceful character that Quraish asked him to arbitrate in their dispute on who should place the Black Stone in the wall of the Ka’bah when they were repairing its building. It was due to his humanitarian spirit that he joined a group of noble people in Makkah who wanted to protect the widows, orphans or strangers in their city. He joined the Hilf al-Fudul and even after he became the Prophet of Allah, he continued speaking highly of this group, its humanitarian efforts and indicated his willingness to respond to them whenever they would call. When the leaders of various tribes in Makkah made life difficult for Prophet Muhammad, surrounded his house and came to kill him, the Prophet did not leave his home without making sure that anything that he had borrowed or kept as a trust with him must be returned to its rightful owners, although some of them turned against him and became his enemies because of his message of Islam. This is a most unique example of sincerity and honesty as well as of humanitarian spirit. It is reported that after the Hijrah while the people of Makkah were still his enemies, it came to the attention of the Prophet that they were going through shortage of food due to some famine; the Prophet immediately sent some food for them from Madinah. This is another unique example of humanitarian spirit towards the enemies, even when they are at war. Prophet Muhammad never allowed the starvation of any person, even animals. He warned about Allah’s punishment of hell for a woman who kept a cat in some place, did not allow the cat to go out nor gave her food or water. The poor cat died of starvation. On the other hand, the Prophet praised a person who gave water to a very thirsty dog and thus received special blessings of Allah. There are many examples of his compassion and kindness towards the animals. As the leader of the community, in Madinah, the Prophet used to receive charity (Sadaqat and Zakat), but he never used it on himself or his family. He was, however, very generous in helping the poor people. He used to give with such a generosity that people used to say that he gives like a person who does not fear poverty. Beside teaching and preaching the message of Allah, it was his mission to remove the suffering of all people. PROPHET, P29

About the translator: Muhammad Asad, Leopold Weiss, was born in Livow, Austria (later Poland) in 1900, and at the age of 22 made his first visit to the Middle East. He later became an outstanding foreign correspondent for the Franfurter Zeitung, and after his conversion to Islam travelled and worked throughout the Muslim world, from North Africa to as far East as Afghanistan, India and Pakistan. After years of devoted study he became one of the leading Muslim scholars of our age. His translation of the Holy Qur’an is one of the most lucid and well-referenced works in this category. Chapter 17, Verses 33-35 And do not take any human being’s life – [the life] which God has willed to be sacred – otherwise than [in the pursuit of] justice. Hence, if anyone has been slain wrongfully, We have empowered the defender of his rights [to exact a just retribution]; but even so, let him not exceed the bounds of equity in [retributive] killing [ 1 ]. [And as for him who has been slain wrongfully - behold, he is indeed succored [by God]! And do not touch the substance of an orphan, save to improve it, before he comes of age. And be true to every promise – for, verily, [on Judgment Day] you will be called to account for every promise which you have made! And give full measure whenever you measure, and weigh with a balance that is true: this will be [for your own good], and best in the end. Chapter 17, Verse 37 And walk not on earth with haughty self-conceit: for verily, thou canst never rend the earth asunder, nor canst thou ever grow as tall as the mountains! Chapter 17, Verse 53 And tell My servants that they should speak in the most kindly manner [unto those who do not share their beliefs]: verily, Satan is always ready to stir up discord between men – for, verily, Satan is man’s open foe! _____________ Translator’s Notes [ 1 ] Thus, the defender of the victim’s rights (in this case, a court of justice) is not only not entitled to impose a capital sentence on any but the actual murderer or murderers, but may also, if the case warrants it, concede mitigating circumstances and refrain from capital punishment altogether.


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P28 – PAKISTAN LINK – SEPTEMBER 19, 2014

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PAKISTAN VENDORS FROM P23

According to Basinski, Mayor LaGuardia failed in his attempt to get vendors off the streets. But more recent mayors have been successful in putting limits on vending. Mayor Ed Koch limited the number of vending licenses and permits, Rudy Giuliani closed many streets to vendors, and under Mike Bloomberg, fines on vendors were raised to as high as a thousand dollars. Dromm argues the city should treat vendors like other small businesses, and help them grow. He points to the Arepa Lady, a Colombian immigrant who sold arepas (grilled cornmeal pancakes) for decades on the street in Jackson Heights and recently opened her own brick-and-mortar restaurant with the help of the city. Dromm says the Arepa Lady’s experience shows how the city can help street vendors. But he also acknowledges the pressure from storeowners to crack down on vendors to protect their businesses from competition. “I got a complaint the other day, from a merchant’s association, saying that they want a vendor removed, that they are dirty, that they don’t clean up after themselves,” Dromm explained. According to Sean Basinski of the Street Vendor Project, prejudice against immigrants also makes it harder for the Council to enact laws favoring vendors. “You go to community board meetings, which are local meetings that take place in certain neighborhoods, and you have mostly wealthy white people who have time to go to these meetings, go and complain about vendors,” Basinski says. “Vendors…don’t [go]; they are working, they are not likely to know about these meetings. So that discourse filters up to the local City Council people.” But street vendors, like Heleodora Vivar, argue they don’t compete directly with small businesses, since they are not selling food to those who can afford to eat at a restaurant. Instead, she says their customers are working class immigrants who can’t afford more than a two-dollar taco for lunch. “We are helping poor people,” Vivar asserts. The role of women vendors The image of the classic New York street vendor is typically a man selling hot dogs or pretzels. But the city has a long history of women selling on the street. In the 19th century Irish women called ‘Apple Mary’s’ sold apples to hungry pedestrians. Many African American women who were former slaves found economic opportunity selling corn on the street. They were among the city’s first vendors, according to Basinski. Today mainly immigrant women take up street vending to make a living after arriving here. That was the case for Marie, 50, who started selling fruit cocktails in Midtown Manhattan after immigrating from Ivory Coast. “I preferred doing this than working in Harlem braiding hair at someone’s beauty shop,” she says. In 2003 a group of Mexican and Central American women vendors in East Harlem organized to push for changes in city regulations governing vending permits. At the time, undocumented immigrants could not apply for a permit, though that law was subsequently changed. The movement was led by Lidia Callejas, a vendor who stood up to police who harassed her for bringing her children with her to work. “She used to take her kids where she sold tamales, and one day the police were going to take them away

SEPTEMBER 19, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P29 from her,” says Vivar, who used to sell tamales with Callejas. “That’s why she decided to organize and we started Esperanza del Barrio.” Now vendors are fighting to increase the number of permits issued each year. Supporters say issuing more permits will help eliminate the black market where permit holders rent them to other vendors for as much as $15,000 or $20,000 a year. More recently, the administration of Mayor Bill de Blasio announced a new initiative to coordinate city agencies to help small businesses. It’s not clear if this will include support for street vendors. Vendors like Vivar just want to be left in peace to run their businesses. “We are immigrants, and this is what we are doing,” Vivar says. “We are doing an honest job. And having a job is a right every human being should have.” (This story is part of Street Food: Meet the People Who Make It. It was made possible in part by The Media Consortium and the Voqal Fund. ) PROPHET FROM P27

It is important for us Muslims to remember this humanitarian spirit of Islam. We should be kind and generous towards all people. Because of the lack of understanding of the humanitarian nature of Islamic teachings and humanitarian example of Prophet Muhammad - peace be upon him - many Muslims today think that our social work, relief work and humanitarian efforts should be only directed towards Muslims. We lag behind in supporting the humanitarian causes here in America and around the world. This is against the clear teachings and spirit of Islam. We should emphasize more and more humanitarian works. We should establish institutions for the assistance of all poor people, regardless of their religions. We should feed the hungry, provide clean water and clothes to those who are in need. We should establish medical clinics for free treatment of all those who are sick and need our help and assistance. We should take care of the senior citizens, orphans and widows to the best of our capacities. We should organize systematic relief programs for those who are victims of natural or man-made disasters everywhere in the world. We should establish educational institutions not only for Muslims but also for others. Just as da’wah is important, humanitarian work is also very important. Actually no successful Da’wah work can be done without sincere humanitarian work. SACRAMENTO FROM P21

“Maa” (Mother). But for all Pakistanis here his Urdu number “Hum Aik Hain” (We are one) or “Kiya Hum Aik Hain” (Are we one?) stole the show and the evening. Raheem held the Pakistani flag in one hand throughout his performance of this song and the word “Amazing” easily comes to mind after recalling it now. (The American Muslim Voice Foundation in Sacramento and the Bay Area have just announced a clothing collection drive for flood victims in Pakistan. Please contact them through their website at http://www.amuslimvoice.org/ for more details) PM FROM P1

in the country and floods, the prime minister would have a shorter visit than before,” a source said. The prime minister is scheduled to address the UN General Assembly on Sept 25. CAPITAL FROM P1

in a landslide. “Up until now, we have tol-

erated all this and acted with decency and patience,” Sharif said in televised remarks. “Otherwise it’s no hard task for us to clear the way and clear the streets.” Pakistan’s opposition leaders ordered thousands of their supporters this weekend to resist any government attempt to quash their protests, prolonging a political crisis in the coup-prone country. Khan’s party said it had not backed down from its demand that Sharif quit and was ending dialogue with the government after 100 activists were jailed over the weekend. “We have not withdrawn our demand for the resignation of the prime minister,” said Jehangir Tareen, the party’s secretary general. “There is no point in continuing the dialogue with the government after the crackdown on our workers.” AWARD FROM P1

the voiceless.” Asia Game Changer awards are bestowed upon individuals, organizations and movements that inspire and enlighten others on an annual basis. Asia society has named JackMa, founder of Alibaba group, as the Game Changer person of the year. A total of 13 individuals and organizations have been selected to receive the award this year. PROTESTORS FROM P1

It is a test of political parties to show their solidarity with the flood victims right now, he said, adding that he invites all parties to help those affected. FRIDAY FROM P1

tomorrow (Wednesday) to get arrested PTI workers released. “The Constitution of Pakistan allows for peaceful protests. Why then have PTI workers been arrested?” he questioned. “Police, which is supposed to assist the masses in getting justice, is instead working for the rulers and going against the law,” he claimed. Untiring Imran calls on SC to stop police brutality: Imran Khan on Tuesday appealed to the country’s top court to play its role in stopping police brutality in Islamabad where protesters are engaged in sitins against the government. Addressing participants at the ongoing protest, Khan highlighted the sacrifices rendered by the people for the supremacy of the judiciary, adding that it was the responsibility of the Supreme Court to fulfill its constitutional role in order to safeguard democracy. He also said that the protesters were now ready to battle with police after enduring their “unending brutality”. He vowed that a “sea of protesters” would gather at the sit-in on Friday and would remove obstacles and

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containers placed in an illegal manner and also made an allusion to a possible civil war in the country. Earlier on Monday, Khan had also called upon CJ Nasirul Mulk to take suo motu notice of the police crackdown on peaceful protesters of his party. THREAT FROM P1

Sunday night. The district administrations of Sukkur, Ghotki and Khairpur on Monday launched a massive operation to shift the kutcha area population to relief camps. Floodwaters overtopping some irrigation channels in Pannu Aqil inundated agricultural lands and more than 30 villages of the kutcha area, according to irrigation authorities. Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly Syed Khursheed Ahmed Shah visited the affected and vulnerable areas of Sukkur district on Monday and inspected the protective dykes. Earlier, the Sukkur Commissioner asked the Sukkur, Ghotki and Khairpur deputy commissioners to start shifting the entire population of the kutcha belt within the division to safe places before the floodwater could block the access to relief camps. Irrigation officials informed him that floodwater inundated hundreds of acres of agricultural lands in the Sadhuja, Gidh Pur, Soomro Panhwari and Sangi areas before hitting the 30 villages including Bhalani, Raza Goth, Aziz Pur, Tahir Chachar, Mughal Mahar, Sajan Kariro, Kauro Bulelani, Hussain Beli, Jam Bahar, Mitho Indhar and Balocho Indhar in the kutcha area of Pannu Aqil. The affected families along with their cattle heads were being shifted to relief camps set up at several hundred schools as well as tented villages established on strengthened dykes like Mitho Patan, Sargo Patan and Soomra Panhwari, where the health department has also set up medical camps.

A Pakistan Airlines Delay Leads to a Near Mutiny

Islamabad: Flight delays are noth-

ing unusual at Pakistan’s ailing state carrier, Pakistan International Airlines, long hobbled by political interference, a bloated staff and epic financial losses. But the delayed departure of one flight on Monday caused several enraged passengers to mount a virtual mutiny and eject one politician and block another from the plane before it could take off. The incident occurred at the Karachi airport when Rehman Malik, a former interior minister best known

for his colorful ties and erratic pronouncements, turned up two hours late for a flight to Islamabad. Jeering passengers stood at the entrance to the airplane, blocking Mr. Malik’s way, witnesses said. He turned back and did not board the flight, and videos of the protesting passengers were widely circulated on social media Monday evening. Mr. Malik later denied that he was responsible for the drama and blamed his political opponents. “I felt the drama was created by some passengers who were P.T.I. folks,” he said in an interview on Tuesday, referring to members of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf party led by the opposition politician Imran Khan. Mr. Malik said he had gone to the airport late because Pakistan International Airlines staff members told him the flight would be delayed. “The delay was not due to me,” Mr. Malik said. “I myself suffered because of the airline’s mismanagement.” A spokesman for Pakistan International Airlines appeared to corroborate Mr. Malik’s account, saying the flight had been delayed by at least 90 minutes because of technical problems, and then an additional half-hour for unknown reasons. “We are investigating the cause of the delay,” said Mashhood Tajwar, the spokesman, adding that two managers at the airport had been suspended pending the outcome of an inquiry. In the videos of the fracas, a lawmaker from the governing party who was also on the flight, Ramesh Kumar Vankwani, could also be seen being booed and heckled by passengers as he walked onto the plane. Passengers surrounded Mr. Vankwani’s window seat and, after confirming that he was a member of Parliament, shouted, “Shame, shame!” In the videos, Mr. Vankwani pleads with his fellow passengers that the delay was not his fault. But the protesters ignore him and push him from the aircraft. “Beat him with shoes!” one person cries. Shortly after, Mr. Malik could be seen approaching the plane on a jetway, but stopping after hearing the commotion. “You should be ashamed of yourself!” shouted one passenger, who appeared to be leading the charge. “Even if you are a minister, we don’t care. We don’t care anymore,” he said before adding, “How long will we put up with this nonsense in the country?”


ENTERTAINMENT

P30 – PAKISTAN LINK – SEPTEMBER 19, 2014 ENTERTAINMENT & LIFESTYLE

T

he trend-setting Pakistani film actor, the late Waheed Murad, was not an unknown man even when he hadn't made it big in the film industry. A black and white photograph of his marriage was carried by this newspaper on Sept 18, 1964 captioned: Waheed Murad, son of Mr and Mrs

SEPTEMBER 19, 2014 - PAKISTAN LINK

Nisar Murad, was married (Sept 17) to Salma Maker, daughter of the late Mr E. H. A. Maker, and sister of Mr Tahir Maker at the YMCA ground. The caption also read that the wedding was attended by a large number of businessmen, industrialists and high government officials. Both he and his wife

belonged to socially well-known families. Apart from his impressive acting skills, Waheed Murad was famous for his hairstyle which was one of the reasons for him getting the sobriquet of Chocolaty Hero. Interestingly, the same week, Sept 16, the Pakistan National Hairdressers Federation was in the news, but for a different reason. The federation's president appealed to the authorities to withdraw the geography book prescribed for Class III students in District Bannu in which barbers, washermen, butchers etc had been termed low-caste people. Not a new story! One of the heartening things about Karachi is its love of literature and literary gatherings. Whenever you feel that it's short on books-related activities, the misunderstanding is cleared in a trice. On Sept 15 it was announced that Nazrul Academy had re-introduced its weekly literary gatherings, the first of which had already taken place a few days earlier in which AZM Umer, Sultan Ahmed Bhuiya, Aminul Islam, Amirul Islam and Anis Chaudhry took part. By the way, this writer recently saw the academy's name on a door near the Saddar Passport Office. Another important literary event that week had to do with the highly respected critic and writer

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Niaz Fatehpuri. On Sept 19 readers of Urdu books felt overjoyed to know that the inimitable Mr Fatehpuri would sign his books for his admirers at 5pm at the GuildAnjuman Kitab Ghar on Victoria Road. The programme was part of the Kitab Ghar's efforts to encourage serious literature reading habits in Karachiites. In case you are wondering what 'guild' and 'anjuman' stand for, well, they were the Pakistan Writers Guild and the Anjuman Taraqqi-i-Urdu. While Mr Fatehpuri was busy signing Urdu books, students of the Urdu College went on strike demanding abolition of the proctorial system in their institution. At a meeting held on Sept 19 presided over by Mustafa Raza Khan, president of the student union, demanded action against the then senior proctorial monitor who, according to the union, had indulged in acts of rowdyism. The following day, Sept 20, a man holding a similar high position in another group of people hogged the limelight. It was Captain Gauhar Ayub Khan, president of the federation of the association of Pathans residents in Karachi. Speaking to his followers at Hotel Metropole, he appealed for unity and discipline in Pakhtuns so that they could get their legitimate rights and opportunities of citizenry in the metropolis. Doesn't it ring a bell? Courtesy Dawn


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