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Pakistan Link

VOL. 24/22 - 1 Sha’ban 1435 H

Aziz Dispels Notion of Receiving ‘Charge-sheet’ during Visit Islamabad: Advisor to the Prime Minister on National Security and Foreign Affairs, Sartaj Aziz on Wednesday rejected the notion that Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave a charge sheet to his Pakistani counterpart Nawaz Sharif during their meeting in New Delhi Tuesday. “There was no charge sheet given by Indian Prime Minister, rather both the sides expressed their views on all issues of common concern,” Aziz told a news briefing here at the Foreign Office. “We opted for dignified rather than aggressive diplomacy,” the top Pakistani diplomat added. “There was a clear recognition of each other’s concerns and the need for mechanisms to address them.” “During the meeting it was clear that both sides were of the view that confrontation should be converted into meaningful cooperation,” said Aziz. “The issue of terrorism also came up to discussion,” said Aziz, adding that Prime Minister Sharif informed his Indian CHARGESHEET, P29

Imran Smells Conspiracy to Detach N. Waziristan Islamabad: Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) chief Imran Khan on Tuesday said it appears as if a conspiracy is being hatched to detach North Waziristan from the country and vowed to bring the matter to Army Chief Gen Raheel Sharif ’s notice, DawnNews reported. Briefing the media after attending a meeting of the party’s core committee, he said that he will meet with the army chief and appeal to him to stop the military offensive in North Waziristan. The PTI chief said he witnessed a similar situation in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) during the military operation before it was detached from the rest of the country in 1971. The cricketer-turned-politician claimed that the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) government had failed in its negotiations with the Taliban. He also alleged that Punjab government used its ‘machinery’ to rig the recently held by-poll in the province.

Friday, May 30, 2014

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India Embraces Modi Mania: For Better or Worse?

The Largest Circulated Pakistani-American Newspaper in North America

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Muslim Billionaire Turns the Tide against Russia

More than Just a Courtesy Call

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif with his Indian counterpart Narendra Modi prior to their meeting in New Delhi, Tuesday, May 27, 2014

New Delhi: India’s new Prime Min-

ister Narendra Modi has accepted an invitation by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif to visit Pakistan, Indian Foreign Secretary Sujatha Singh told reporters in New Delhi on Tuesday. “All SAARC leaders invited the [Indian] PM to visit. He accepted.

The dates have to be worked out,” Indian media quoted Singh as saying. Sharif was in India on a twoday visit to attend the inauguration ceremony of India’s new prime minister, Narendra Modi, with whom he had a “warm and cordial” bilateral

meeting, he said. “We agreed that our meeting in New Delhi should be a historic opportunity for both our countries,” he told reporters. “This provides us the opportunity of CALL, P29

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Key Pakistani Taliban Faction Breaks away Peshawar: A key faction of the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) announced Wednesday that it was splitting from the militant outfit following bloody clashes with a rival group. The break-away faction belongs to the Mehsud tribe, widely considered the most important of the various groups that comprise the umbrella TTP which has fought the Pakistani government since 2007. Azam Tariq, a spokesman for the group, said the breakaway faction would be lead by Khalid Mehsud, famously known by the name of Khan Said alias Sajna. “We announce our defection from the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, we have chosen Khalid Mehsud as the new leader for South Waziristan,” announced Tariq. Khalid Mehsud was a key ally of former Mehsud Taliban chief and former TTP number two Waliur Rehman Mehsud, who was killed in a US drone strike in May last year. Tariq said individual ideologies had created a rift among the Taliban and they were deviating from “the real cause”.

Nation Has Rejected Misplaced Ideology of Terrorists

Interfaith Harmony: Anglican Leader on Visit to Pakistan

if said on Tuesday that the nation had rejected the misplaced ideology of terrorists who had clearly lost their cause and were being marginalized. According to an Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) statement, Gen Sharif visited field deployments in South Waziristan. The COAS reiterated Army’s continued wholehearted support for tribal brethren under all circumstances. While talking to the troops, he commended their commitment and paid rich tributes to them for their sacrifices in bringing peace and normalcy to the troubled

Lahore: The Archbishop of Canterbury met church leaders in Pakistan on Tuesday as he began a weeklong visit to the region. “Christians, historically, have given tremendous services to this country and I hope they can be given the scale of freedom and equal rights under the law,” he told AFP. He added his message to the people and government of this country was to respect and safeguard the rights of all minorities. Talking to media, he said he met many Muslim religious leaders and government fumitories including Punjab governor Muhammad Sarwar. “Everybody is concerned

COAS General Raheel Sharif commends the troops for their commitment and sacrifices


Waziristan: As the army resumed its of-

fensive against targets in North Waziristan this

month, Chief of Army Staff General Raheel Shar-


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n By Mowahid Hussain Shah


nderlying the bad blood running through Pak-Afghan tensions is a common refrain. Afghans accuse Pakistanis of exploiting and en-cashing on their miseries and misfortunes while Pakistanis blame Afghans for being thankless and for exporting their problems to Pakistan. There may be a kernel of truth in the clashing narratives.

The mutual blame-game shall linger on after the June 14 Afghan Presidential vote. The front-runner, Abdullah Abdullah, because of his mixed Tajik ancestry, simplistically is viewed as more inimical to Pakistan. It would be naïve optimism, however, to suggest that the number two candidate, Ashraf Ghani, would be more congenial to Pakistan. Anyway, their job description would be to defend Afghan interests, not Pakistan’s. Among Afghan elites, the proclivity to blame Pakistan for Afghan travails sometimes can be all-consuming. It is an addiction. And one way to act out this addiction is to tilt toward India. It has the impact of pushing Pakistan against the wall and forcing it to take countermeasures. There is nothing new in the attitude of Afghan elites. In 1947, Afghanistan was the sole nation that opposed Pakistan’s entry into the United Nations. Famed historian-

n By Dr Amineh A. Hoti



ismillah ar Rahman ar Rahim (In the name of the Compassionate, the Most Merciful).

‘C omp assion’ and ‘mercy’ are potentially powerful words if we delve deep and endeavor to decipher their all-inclusive meanings. It is understood that people of faith would infallibly gravitate towards embodying these traits, that the faithful would practice compassion and mercy towards their fellow human beings. Having said that, it is only achievable for each of us if we within our personal capacities immerse into the sea of knowledge available to us. It seems implausible that in the present scenario, Muslim countries are recognized for just the opposite in present times. We represent some of the lowest literacy rates the world over, whereas most countries have managed to perpetuate a 90% or above literacy level: Afghanistan: 28%; Bangladesh: 53%; Pakistan: 49%; Burkina Faso: 28%; Niger 28%; Mali: 26%. Likewise, it seems paradoxical for us to claim we come from a God whose communication with his Prophet began with the word Iqra (read), and yet harbor misgivings about acquiring education for ourselves. Our religion repeatedly encourages believers to think, to ponder, to traverse the vistas of knowledge. There was a time in history when education was so diffused in Muslim societies that “it was said to be difficult to find a Muslim who could not read or write” (Educationist E H Wilds, in 1001 Inventions: Muslim Heritage in Our World, 2006). The luminous beacon of Muslim erudition shone brightly once

Afghan Elites: Blaming Pakistan

cum-novelist, James Michener, in his magnum opus work, “Caravans” (later made into a movie starring Hollywood legend, Anthony

trinated to believe that help would come from their northern Soviet neighbor and threats would come from their eastern Pakistani neigh-

Famed historian-cum-novelist, James Michener, in his magnum opus work, “Caravans” (later made into a movie starring Hollywood legend, Anthony Quinn), issued a sobering warning over 50 years ago that, if Afghans don’t set their house in order, it shall open the doors for outside takeover Quinn), issued a sobering warning over 50 years ago that, if Afghans don’t set their house in order, it shall open the doors for outside takeover. And the Soviets did take over in 1979. Afghan elites were indoc-

bor. The obverse proved true. Afghan political culture is mired in pelf, ignorant bigotry, and self-defeating tribalism, with little room for self-assessment. In refreshing contrast, the Afghan cricket

The Inextricable Link between Knowledge and Tolerance and it is now up to us to find our way back and reflect upon the teachings of the Prophet of Islam (PBUH) that emphasize upon acquiring knowledge, not just passively but proactively and with great passion. “Valueless is the Muslim who is not a teacher or a student” – this of course is not in the literal sense but it identifies knowledge as the central focus for a Muslim, whether receiving it or imparting it. From cradle to grave, our life’s journey is strewn with treasure troves of wisdom waiting to be collected. Acquiring knowledge becomes “obligatory for every Muslim, male and female” (Tabari). Yet more than 2000 schools

“Dark Ages”, signifying an era of backward, unenlightened, and intolerant culture. For almost 800 years in Europe (711 — 1492) Muslims ruled Andalusia (present-day Spain – north and south, Portugal, part of South of France, Andora). Knowledge was valued tremendously and resulted in a progressive interaction between Muslims and the ahl al kitaab (People of the Book). Moses/ Musa and Jesus/Isa had books revealed to them by God, so Jews and Christians were regarded as ahl al kitaab and accorded great respect – their food could be eaten, their women could be married and their books studied.

In 1955, the German nun Hrosvit described Cordoba as “The Brilliant Ornament of the World (that) Shone in the West”. Based on this poetic verse, the Director of the Humanities Center at Yale University, Maria Rosa Menocal, in 2002 wrote a book, The Ornament of the World were destroyed in Pakistan last year in a spree of madness by so-called ‘Muslims’. Knowledge enables its possessor to distinguish right from wrong; it lights the way to Heaven…and [is] an armour against enemies. [Therefore] the ink of the scholar is more sacred than the blood of martyr… Acquire knowledge because he who acquires it in the way of the Lord performs an act of piety; who speaks of it, bestows alms; and who imparts it, performs an act of devotion to God (Al-Bukhari & Muslim). The chapters of history in Andalusian Spain when the floodgates of knowledge were wide open under the flourishing reign of Muslims runs parallel to when the rest of the world, especially Europe, was in the

Despite their differences, they lived side by side and nourished a complex culture of acceptance that was enriching and productive. The result was a deep cultural tolerance and interfaith harmony that yielded a tremendous outpouring of creativity and mutual benefit. Córdoba, the capital of Andalusia, became one of the world’s leading centers of medicine and philosophical debate. It gained fame for its riches and its seven streams of wisdom – the 7 liberal arts – grammar, rhetoric, dialectic, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and music. In The Abacus and the Cross (2012) Nancy Marie Brown writes, “Cordoba impressed everyone who heard of it”. There were libraries with 400,000 books under Al-Hakam II, the heir of Abd

team, rising like a phoenix from the refugee camps of Pakistan, has set a splendid example of enterprise, vigor, and valiant spirit. It is an example to emulate – flourishing under extreme duress and dauntless striving against uphill odds. It doesn’t do much for Afghanistan that, despite following a faith that places so much premium on Ilm and Adab of teachers, it witnessed a toxic environment with schools dynamited and teachers beheaded. The question looms: who benefits? 2500 years ago, when Alexander the Great entered Afghanistan en route to Punjab, he credited his tutor, Aristotle, for having inculcated in him the vision of greatness. A visitor to the mausoleum of Timur (Tamerlane) in Samarkand encounters two graves: one austere, the other ornate. In the ornate tomb rests Timur’s Sayed teacher. The seminal book, “Osama bin Laden” by Michael Scheuer (who headed the bin Laden unit at the CIA, the only unit named after an individual in CIA’s history) posits on page 40 that the 9/11 atrocity was driven by pan-Islamic humiliation over prolonged indifference to Palestinian sufferings. To cite verbatim: “Osama was frustrated about the situation in Palestine in particular… He wanted Muslims to unite and fight to liberate Palestine.” Afghanistan was the wrong country to vent American fury and frustration after the humiliation of 9/11. Ahead is a pathway of pain, with no quick or easy end. ar-Rehman, the largest of its kind in the Western world then. By contrast, The Bobbio Monastery in Italy housed 690 books. Imagine my fellow residents of a country with excessive “load-shedding” and no clean water - paved streets were lit all night, running water from aqueducts supplied 9000 public baths! With proper food becoming a luxury today, goldfish then ate 12,000 loaves of bread per day, postal services used carrier pigeons, there were thousands of shops, including bookshops, 70 scribes produced Qur’ans exclusively and there were thousands of mosques which were used as inclusive (not exclusive) universities and centers of learning. The Caliph’s library in Cordoba alone, one of 70 libraries in a city that “adored books”, had four hundred thousand volumes, that put to shame the 400 manuscripts in Europe’s largest library at the time. (In 1955, the German nun Hrosvit described Cordoba as “The Brilliant Ornament of the World (that) Shone in the West”. Based on this poetic verse, the Director of the Humanities Center at Yale University, Maria Rosa Menocal, in 2002 wrote LINK, P26

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P6 – PAKISTAN LINK – MAY 30, 2014

A Lesson Learnt

n By Syed Kamran Hashmi


Westfield, IN

ever in his life would Mir Shakeelur Rehman have imagined what he is going through nowadays: severe public indignation, harsh resentment from a political party, bitterness from the smaller media outlets, widespread irritation of civil society, growing wrath of the military and, on top of all that, blasphemy charges. How else can one define trouble in Pakistan?

Once considered the most powerful person in the country, a man who could ostensibly challenge the authority of the prime minister, the patriotism of the military and legality of the superior judiciary all at once, has not been able to find a way out since the crisis began, as if he has fallen into a ditch, the bottom of which has turned into a quagmire from where no matter how he wants to pull himself up — either through attack ads, backdoor diplomacy or public apology — he is pushed further down into the dark. Trying to understand the gravity of the condition, we can at least say that for Mr Rehman, the situation is precarious and it continues to get worse. For his television channels, it is a battle for survival but the real tragedy is with the employees who, except for some renowned editors and anchorpersons, are facing both challenges at the same time, i.e. losing their livelihood and/or their lives. Nonetheless, the only person to be blamed for their predicament,

in my opinion, is no other than Mr Rehman himself. When it all started on April 19, 2014 after an assassination attack on Hamid Mir, an anchorperson on his television channel, I thought the crisis would die down in a week or so following a public apology. However, that did not happen; instead, Imran Khan, the chairman of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI), out of nowhere turned the focus of his condemnation and anger on losing the general elections of 2013 because of Mir Shakeelur Rehman’s media group, holding the institution responsible for being a part of a multi-institutional and multilayered conspiracy for his defeat. Afterwards, as a matter of strategy, he started appearing on every television network for an hour-long interview every day, drumming the beat of massive rigging louder and louder, and directing his criticism on Mr Rehman with sharper and sharper intensity. In response, the situation had to get worse, which it of course did. However, the strongest nail — I am not sure if it is the last one or not — in the coffin is the blasphemy charges, which have forced the whole organization, from its oblivious and overconfident morning show host to its administration, to bend down on their knees and ask the people, God and the ‘representatives’ of God, the maulvis (clerics), for forgiveness and for one more chance. Perhaps it was the inherent arrogance of the network and its employees, or maybe it was their indif-

ference towards other human beings and insensitivity towards their lives, their profession or their security, that the largest private media channel is facing such a severe reaction from the people. Personally, I have talked to tens of professionals serving in various departments, both living in Pakistan and abroad, and I have not found a single one of them

gree in Islamic jurisprudence, were issuing religious decrees (kind of) on other people’s faith. He would appear on television shows with the dagger of his words to malign other guests who happened to carry a different opinion from his, to endanger their lives by asking them their views on sensitive issues like the blasphemy law and to ridicule them

It is a group they thought, that in the name of freedom of speech is there to strengthen and reinforce its own powers, and that, in the name of investigative journalism, is pushing forward an agenda to destroy everyone who does not conform supporting Geo, even when they do not favor it being shut down. Just a few months ago, people like Ansar Abbasi, an investigative journalist for the paper belonging to Rehman’s media group and an opinionated, conservative Islamist without a de-

by questioning their faith, acting as the only rightfully guided person. No one was spared. Just in the last five years, Pervez Hoodbhoy was insulted on live television, Asma Jahangir was attacked and Babar Sattar’s reputation was smeared, all in

the name of freedom of speech and investigative journalism. There is a long list of reasonable, intelligent and honest people who were systematically abused by the network. And, in these precarious circumstances, they could have stood behind the media group to provide it the moral ground to continue to work but they opted not to do it. Not because they have suddenly started supporting the role of the establishment in politics or that they have started condoning violence in any form, but only because they thought the group did not have any morals of its own. It is a group they thought, that in the name of freedom of speech is there to strengthen and reinforce its own powers, and that, in the name of investigative journalism, is pushing forward an agenda to destroy everyone who does not conform. I am not sure if it will all end with a positive outcome and if everything will be fine in a few weeks’ time. Nonetheless, I do not favor shutting down any channel and would not recommend that for the media group as well. However, I do believe that the head of the Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) is not the only one who has been insulted by the media. There are many more in civil society who are not as powerful as the spy chief but have been equally defamed. So far, no one has stood by them. As such, it would be unfair for the television channel to apologize to the general only without formerly asking for forgiveness for its behavior from these members of civil society. I would like the network to show grace, something that it badly needs, and something that it lacks altogether.


MAY 30, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P7

n By Dr Mohammad Taqi



n an Urdu travelogue, the 19th century literary giant Maulana Muhammad Hussain Azad writes that on a cold winter night, a pack of wolves that had hunted together earlier sits in a circle on the snow. The beasts watch each other carefully for any signs of weakness. The moment any wolf falters from injury, fatigue or sleep, the rest pounce on it.

Azad wrote that the Farsi idiom “gurg aashti” — the brotherhood of the wolves — has its origins in this cannibalistic animal behavior. Biologists today know that more Alaskan wolves die from the bite of their more vicious canine brothers than those killed by humans. The media houses in Pakistan have not acted very differently over the past month. Just days after assassins nearly killed television anchor-cum-journalist Hamid Mir, a veteran and ostensibly liberal columnist, lamenting the allegations against the country’s intelligence agency, wrote in the same media group’s English paper: “And the ISI was so good at what it did that this dreaded agency, the stuff of legend, victor of Afghanistan and Kashmir, bungled its job and failed to get its man.” An otherwise reasonable writer seemed to be citing Hamid Mir’s survival by the skin of his teeth as a defense that the ‘pros’ could not have botched the hit! The flashing of the intelligence service chief ’s picture, a bad editorial judgment, did manage to bring out a curious patriotic certitude in even the most tolerant of voices. The more venomous ones went baying for blood. The competitors to Hamid Mir’s employer group sensed its weakness and pounced on it with a vengeance. The howling and hounding is mounting. The hunt is on. The media group besieged today has also had some very dubious practices in its editorial portfolio. From persecuting the former Human Rights Watch Pakistan director, Ali

Beyond the Brotherhood of the Wolves Dayan Hasan and leading Pakistani human rights activist Asma Jahangir to harrying intellectual and political dissenters like Dr Pervez Hoodbhoy and Professor Husain Haqqani, the group’s journalists have tried to trample over anyone who did not fit their ‘patriotism’ bill. The Pakistan People’s Party’s (PPP’s) leadership remained their favorite piñata for the whole five years it was in office. When journalist Syed Saleem Shahzad was found dead in May 2011, apparently from torture, an otherwise liberal anchor/journalist of the group under discussion had the nerve to say on his talk show that those who allegedly tortured Shahzad know their vocation and perhaps “did not intend to kill him”. Human Rights Watch had called for an inquiry into the ISI’s role in the Saleem Shahzad case and later expressed dissatisfaction over the inquiry commission’s report. The question then is: should anyone shed a single tear for the media group under fire today? The answer may not be easy unless one considers that the assault seems to be twofold. The media group is but one and perhaps the smaller target. The bigger and actual target in this proxy war seems to be the Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz (PML-N) government. Snap polls may be the immediately desired result but upending the democratic dispensation appears to be the ultimate goal. There is a method to the mullah-media madness. They are going after not just one media group but are targeting freedom of expression and directly challenging the democratic system. The voices demanding that media group’s scalp for a lapse in its editorial judgment are also the ones pushing the old establishment theme that the successful completion of a government’s term and democracy are not synonymous. The discourse is getting more rancorous by the minute and blasphemy allegations are being thrown around recklessly. The PML-N’s cardinal sin apparently is to stick to its guns on General Pervez Musharraf ’s trial and certain foreign policy issues while the only sac-

rilege committed by the impugned media group perhaps was airing that photograph on April 19. The so-called red lines were crossed and the powers that be seem keen on swift retribution. They want an eye for an eye without realizing that adding blasphemy charges to the poisonous mix could leave everyone blind. The Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI) chief, Imran Khan, has virtually become the Joseph McCarthy of Pakistan, labeling every dissenter as disloyal and a paid foreign agent. If his for-

The question then is: should anyone shed a single tear for the media group under fire today? The answer may not be easy unless one considers that the assault seems to be twofold mer darling, the ex-Chief Justice of Pakistan, Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, was the bane of the PPP government’s life, Imran Khan is playing the same part against the PML-N. Justice Chaudhry had started a slew of campaigns against the PPP without any material results other than keeping that government in

perpetual gridlock. Apparently, Imran Khan is being prodded to pull an Iftikhar Chaudhry on Prime Minister (PM) Nawaz Sharif. Imran Khan recently fumed against that media group at a press conference and spoke of an allegation against him without actually saying what the charge was or rejecting it outright. His tirades serve a dual purpose. In addition to Imran Khan’s seemingly personal beef with that media group, the PTI is assailing it for being in cahoots with the PML-N. The PTI’s position is in sync with how the establishment apparently perceives the PML-N’s handling of the postApril 19th events. The script seems to want to make an example out of the embattled media group, the PML-N or, potentially, both. Perhaps nothing short of shutting down the media group — even if for a day — may quench the thirst for revenge. If a line was crossed in airing the photograph, a new one has to be drawn in the sand it seems. Never mind the orchestrated blasphemy charges — and now there are multiple — that have put thousands of that group’s employees in harm’s way. The zealots of all denominations are dutifully ganging up against the beleaguered media group but those ratcheting up the bigotry seem to ignore that it will be impossible to dial it down. The PML-N has adopted a rather hands off approach to the events, which, if left unchecked, can snowball into something that the incumbents may not be able to handle. The PML-N should not pretend to be an innocent bystander as hardly anyone is buying that. The assault against the PML-N seems more vicious, tenacious and better orchestrated than what the PPP faced at a similar stage in its stint. Something beyond just the brotherhood of the wolves is afoot. A government of the day does not have the luxury of masterly inactivity. The PML-N needs to be seen in the driving seat, and fast. Postscript: The Charlie Foxtrot in the Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) over some of its members trying to suspend the media group’s television licenses and ordering its offices sealed indicates a rocky road ahead for the PML-N too.


P8 – PAKISTAN LINK – MAY 30, 2014 n By Dr Syed Amir


Bethesda, MD

n mid-March, the Russian forces occupied the Crimean peninsula, part of Ukraine, and annexed it to the Russian Federation. In 1954, in a fit of generosity, Nikita Khrushchev, the leader of the Soviet Union and himself a Ukrainian, had detached Crimea from Russia and awarded it to Ukraine, which at the time was one of the fifteen republics of the Soviet Union. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, Ukraine became an independent republic and Crimea stayed with it, to the great displeasure of the Russians. President Putin’s recent actions have reprised the specter of the Cold War and have heightened tensions with Europe and the US, reversing some of the progress made during a quarter of a century in reconciling Russia with the Western economic and political institutions.

The Russian president, Vladimir Putin, rationalized the annexation of Crimea as redressing an injustice perpetrated on Russia 60 years ago when it was capriciously transferred to the Ukraine. Sure enough, Russian’s claim to Crimea is strong; a majority (58 percent) of the two million people living there now identify themselves as ethnic Russians, while only 24 percent are Ukrainian and 12 percent Muslim Tartar. And, the Crimean city of Sevastopol has been the naval headquarters of the Russian Black Sea

Crimea: Once an Ottoman-Muslim State Fleet since the 18th century. While ethnic Russians rejoiced in the reunion with the former motherland, Tartar Muslims and Ukrainians were apprehensive about their future. The Turkish government also expressed concern on the fate of the Turkish-speaking Tartars who were once under the protection of Ottoman Caliphs. Tartars, especially, have good reasons to be uneasy about their new association with Russia. Since the conquest of Crimean more than three centuries ago, successive Russian rulers have strived to alter its demographics, importing outsiders and successfully reducing its native Tartar population to a mere 12 percent. In 1944, Joseph Stalin deported Tartars en masse to Central Asian republics, also part of the Soviet Empire at the time. An estimated 40 percent of the deportees died within two years. Among the survivors, some over the years have managed to trickle back to Crimea. Crimea was ruled by various conquerors during the past millennium. Most of the Russia steppes and part of Eastern Europe were overrun and occupied in the thirteenth century by the Mongol armies, often euphemistically referred to as the Golden Hordes, led by Batu Khan, a grandson of Genghis Khan. Russia was ruled by the Tartars for nearly three hundred years when Crimean became part of the Mongol Empire. It is often mentioned with some relief that Europe was saved from the Mongolian hordes because of an ac-

cident of history. Ogodei, the Great Mongol Khan, died and Batu Khan, who was poised to attack Vienna, was recalled in a hurry to Karakorum, the capital city, to help elect a new leader. Mongols never threatened Europe again. Tamerlane in the 15th century destroyed the Golden Hordes, permitting the establishment of an independent Crimean Tartar Khanate. Crimean khans had adopted Islam sometime in the 14the century when Sultan Mohammed Ozbeg Khan (1282-1341), the longest ruling Khan of the golden hordes, converted to Islam under the influence of Sheikh ibn Abdul Hamid, a sufi from Bhukhara. The peninsula experienced the fluorescence of a rich culture and civilization during Khanate period. The palace, in the capital city of Bakhchisaray (garden palace), built by the Crimean Khans and an architectural jewel, remains a great tourist attraction even today. The celebrated Russian lyric poet,

Alexander Pushkin, in 1823, wrote his most famous poem, The Fountain of Bakhchisara that narrates the story of love between a sorrowful conqueror, Girey Khan, and a captured princess who died young, killed by a jealous rival in the royal harem. The poem has immortalized both the poet and the romantic legend that has resonated with millions of ordinary people. Pushkin had visited the storied palace and the Fountain of Tears located inside it in 1820 and was emotionally moved by the legend to compose the poem. Crimean history has been driven by its strategic location and access it provides to the Black Sea. In 1475, the Crimean khanate accepted nominal suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire during the reign of Sultan Mohammed the Conqueror, but it functioned mostly autonomously. Subsequently, the Russian Czars, starting with Peter the Great (1672–1725), craved to expand their empire southward at the expense of

a weakened Ottoman Sultanate, to gain access to the warm waters of the Black Sea. Catherine the Great (1729-1796) went even further. She dreamed of dismembering the Ottoman Empire, restoring the Byzantine Christian Empire with the capital at Constantinople, and installing her grandson on the throne. She had built a stellar reputation in the European Courts as an enlightened ruler who had cultivated close relations with intellectuals and philosophers of the day, such as Voltaire and Diderot, and had patronized art and literature. But she was a ruthless sovereign when it came to pursuing her territorial ambitions in the south. Catherine finally succeeded in capturing Crimea in 1783 and gaining access to the Black Sea. The Ottoman Turkey, with Sultan Abdul Hamid 1 on the throne, derisively referred to as the “sick man of Europe”, was too weak to mount an effective defense. The last of the hereditary khans of Crimea, ShaginGirei, was deposed by the Russians and eventually exiled to Constantinople. In the following years, onethird of the Tartar population fled to the Ottoman territories, to be replaced by imported Russian, Greek and Armenian nationals. The capture of Crimea, longcoveted, represented a huge triumph for Catherine and Russia. She planned a victory tour of her newly acquired territory to celebrate the victory. In January 1787, four years after the conquest, the 58-year-old Empress embarked on an arduous journey, over a thousand-mile CRIMEA, P29


MAY 30, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P9

n By Karamatullah K. Ghori


Toronto, Canada

n the words of Wall Street Journal — analysis done on the heels of Narendra Modi’s BJP sweeping the polls — the Indians have made ‘a statement.’

No doubt 1.2 billion Indians have spoken at the end of a marathon, mind-boggling, exercise in electoral politics. It’s, though, quite another thing if one agrees with the vociferous ‘statement’ or not. The Indian electorates had the freedom of choice: between Modi and those arrayed against him, and they’ve cast the dye in Modi’s favor. So as far as the huge and expensive—not to mention, time-consuming—elections were concerned, the job is done. It’s behind us. But what lies ahead is what should be engaging the attention of pundits and crystal-ball gazers in the times ahead. Knowing Modi from his past—with his record as the long-time Chief Minister of the western state of Gujrat speaking for itself— one wouldn’t be straying off course to say that what lies ahead may have more surprises in its womb than the election result. Modi was controversial and enigmatic, to say the very least, in his stewardship of Gujrat and collected tons of baggage of controversy in his relentless march to the pinnacle of power in India. So, all those looking for fireworks ahead should remain glued to their seats. Don’t go anywhere, folks, there’s a lot to come; you haven’t seen much, yet. For the moment, let’s focus on the ‘mandate’ given to Modi. A heavy mandate it no doubt is. BJP had been expected—by all and sundry in the pundit-category—to be the lead horse in the run up to power. But I can’t recall any pundit sticking his neck out and claiming that BJP would end up with a clear majority of seats in the Lok Sabha of 543. So, Modi did astound all the poll watchers and pundits by netting 282 seats—10 more than the magical figure of 272 needed to make a government and command power in Delhi—in his bag. But is this ‘heavy mandate’ a vote granted out of genuine appreciation for Modi’s proven leadership qualities? I doubt. It looks more like the Indians have given Modi the kind of mandate that the American voters had given Obama in 2008. It was more a vote against the madness of George W. Bush than the genius of a yet untried and tested Barack Obama. Modi has got the benefit of Indian electors’ rage against the corrupt raj of Congress. One feels sorry for poor Manmohan Singh. He was, is, a gentle soul untainted by corruption. But he’d the misfortune of being the frontman of a corrupt cabal that looted India and made a mess of all that ‘healthy growth’ in the Indian economy for which Manmohan ought to be given due credit. The Indians, of all stripes,

n By Riaz Haq CA


owerful Muslim Crimean Tatar, Rinat Akhmetov, the richest man in Ukraine, is a self-made billionaire son of a coal miner. He may hold the balance of power in Eastern Ukraine’s tensest standoff since the Cold War.

Before the Russians moved in and took control of the Crimea earlier this year, thousands of Akhmetov’s fellow Tatar Muslims had marched in opposition to the Russian takeover of the region. In the 1917 communist takeover of Russia, Tatar Muslims were one-third of south eastern Ukrainian population. Then in 1944, Joseph Stalin accused them of collaborating with Nazi Germa-

India Embraces the Modi Mania: For Better or Worse? were unhappy in the extreme with the corrupt and annoying antics of the Congress ruling elite. They were looking for change; they wanted to punish Congress for its culture of corruption in governance; they couldn’t care less what the alternative may bring in tow. To put it all succinctly, the Indians have voted with their feet against the Congress rule. So annoyed and so frustrated they were with the ancient regime that they wouldn’t take a hard and critical look—which, to a Pakistani they should have—at Modi’s tainted track record as the leader of Gujrat. They just wanted to see the backs of corrupt cronies of Sonia Gandhi and did so with a palpable sense of vengeance. Good riddance Congress, the Indians have proclaimed in heralding Modi to the top. What they have got in bargain and how their gamble is going to spin out is what should matter most in the months and years ahead. But while Modi basks in the sunshine of his unexpectedly thumping victory, Congress sulks. It has been left out in the cold by an angry and furious Indian electorate to lick its wounds. One need not waste one’s intellect in surmising how long, if at all, would it be before Congress bounces back to the center stage from where it has been eclipsed for the moment. What’s crystal clear in the election’s outcome is that Indians have matured to the level where it’s easy for them to jettison from their political landscape the vestiges of hereditary politics. How one wishes the Pakistanis could do the same. The mauling of the Nehru dynasty is evidence of Indians putting paid to their hangover with the legacy of succession to the British raj. There’s, no doubt, even worse news for India’s largest minority, its 150 million Muslims. They make up nearly15 % of the Indian population but have come up with the slimmest of representation in the new parliament. Still more worrying news is that there is not one Muslim among the 282 new MPs returned on BJP’s bandwagon. That, come to think of it, isn’t surprising at all, given the communal DNA of BJP. In his post-victory, wounds-binding, speech Modi tried to sound magnanimous with his allusion to fusing of ranks with all losers of the exercise. But this was nothing more than a customary show of magnanimity-intriumph. However, Modi had no words of consolation for the Muslims of India who have every reason to feel uneasy (putting it very mildly), if not frightened, at the elevation to the pinnacle of power of a man who is suspected, not only by them but by liberal and non-communal Hindus, too, of a lot of innocent Gujrati Muslim blood on his hands. Modi may not have felt it necessary to ex-

tend the olive branch to his Muslim minority watching the spectacle of his rise to power on what they—and a lot many non-Muslim Indi-

Pakistan has been the recipient of a lot of flak from the world over—from the West, in particular—for sliding into the morass and miasma of religious fanaticism. But Pakistan hasn’t, to date, given its mandate to a religion-based party, and is unlikely to in foreseeable future ans, too—regard as the ashes of India’s so much touted secularism. What many a non-Pakistani may also have noted—but may be shy of saying it—is the strange spectacle of ‘Secular India’ catapulting to power a leader with known and avowed religious and communal credentials. Pakistan, in contrast, has been the recipient of a lot of flak from the world over—from the West, in particular—for sliding into the morass and miasma of religious fanaticism. But Pakistan hasn’t, to date, given its mandate to a religion-based party, and is unlikely to in foreseeable future. Modi may soon discover, to his horror and those of the Indians hoisting him to the top, that his honeymoon may be over even before he realises it. A frustrated and angry people, booting out a long-entrenched party from power don’t, normally, have much by way of patience. Indians aren’t known for this facility in any case. They have chosen Modi for his perceived faculty of being a doer and gogetter; they wouldn’t be inclined to give him a long rope. They expect results and would want change o show its face before too long. So, the test of Modi is going to begin sooner than he or anybody else might expect.

Ukraine’s Muslim Billionaire Turns the Tide against Russia

ny and ordered their mass deportations. Nearly 200,000 Crimean Tatars were sent to Central Asia by freight trains. Nearly half of all Crimean Muslims died in 1944–45 from hunger and disease. Their property and territory was given to mostly ethnic Russians who were resettled by the Soviet Union. Akhmetov’s decision to support Ukraine’s unity may turn the tide against the pro-Russia separatists in the Ukrainian conflict. He had ordered thousands of his steelworkers on Thursday to restore order and establish control over the streets of Mariupol. They now appear to have routed the pro-Kremlin militants who had seized control of important government buildings several weeks


By late Thursday, Akmetov’s

Congress hasn’t left behind a red-carpetcovered path for Modi to enter the citadel of power and rest for a while to catch his breath. The outgoing government has left for him to rummage through a huge mess of mismanaged economy. It’s going to be an enormous challenge for him to get all the debris out of his way before he gets to the point of putting his agenda of change and development in place. India’s economy, once touted and effusively praised by those who aspired for it to become a tough rival and challenger to China, has been on a downward slide for the past five years. The growth rate is no better than 5 %, as compared to 9 % in the early years of the 21st century. The Manmohan government, in the past five years, had taken to the devious path of heavy subsidies for food essentials, diesel and electricity to stem the tide of rising frustrations of its people. Government handouts were the crutches on which the Congress-led coalition wished to ride out the gathering storm of people’s unrest. Modi would be venturing onto a path with lots of trap doors if he were to cut down on these subsidies, which have led to massive budgetary deficits and rampant inflation. Modi, as most Indians also know for a fact, has been bank-rolled into power by India’s increasingly powerful and patronage-peddling corporate barons, like the Ambanis for one. They would be as impatient of him to deliver on their agenda. Investors, in any case, don’t like the idea of their investment not returning early dividends. There’s, therefore, every possibility of an early clash of expectations: those of India’s toiling hundreds of millions of people below the poverty line, and of its mega-rich and affluent moneyed barons. It would be akin to one caught in the jaws of a pincer. Modi, to his dismay, and the consternation of those investing their dreams in him, may soon realise that governing a behemoth India is a totally different ball-game than running a Gujrat known for the entrepreneurial skills and acumen of its people. Perhaps the most challenging—and daunting, too—task for Modi would be the legitimate demand of India’s youth to create jobs for them. According to Wall Street Journal, 10 million young Indians enter the work force of the country every year; their youthful impatience may turn out to be the tail wagging Modi most. So while India deserves the accolades for having come through a long and cumbersome election with such cool and poise, and Modi for rising to the summit of power from very humble beginnings, both may not look back at this tryst with destiny with equanimity some years hence. Modi may come to rue that a thumping electoral triumph doesn’t necessarily translate into comfortable governance. Power, more often than not, exacts a very heavy toll. - (The author is a former ambassador and career diplomat)

miners and steelworkers were deployed in at least five cities, including the regional capital, Donetsk, though they had not yet become the dominant force there that they are in Mariupol, the region’s second largest city and the site just last week of bloody confrontation between Ukrainian troops and pro-Russian militants, according to The Globe and Mail. Here are excerpts of a Washington Post report on Akhtemov’s crucial role in the crisis: “Two days after Akhmetov deployed workers from his steel plant to restore order in a region torn by separatist violence, calm appeared to return Friday to the center of this eastern city. A few steps from a recent deadly clash, people lunched on sushi as a song

by Katy Perry played. Near the scorched city council building that had been held by pro-Russian militants, a group of Akhmetov’s unarmed steelworkers lounged and smoked cigarettes as they kept watch.” A few blocks away, at the ruins of the city police building where at least seven people died last week, retired steelworker Oleg Krivolapov welcomed Akhmetov’s intervention. “He has his factories, his industries, a lot of money — he could do a lot,” said Krivolapov, who trusts that his former colleagues at Akhmetov’s Ilych Factory can keep the peace. “Of course, he should have done something sooner.” Whatever Akhtemov’s motivations may be, let’s hope he can pull off what the US, Europe, NATO and the government in Kiev have failed to do so far. Let’s hope peace returns to Ukraine soon.


P10 – PAKISTAN LINK – MAY 30, 2014 n By Aslam Abdullah Las Vegas, NV


he BJP-led alliance victory has at least assured one thing: no longer can Muslim Indians be accused of living off a policy of official favoritism and appeasement. The Hindu nationalists had always relied on this issue in their electoral strategy. Now they are in power and they can easily stop all such schemes and programs they felt were created to appease Muslims. Moreover, with a clear majority of its parliamentarians, the Modi government is in a position to do what it had always asked the Congress governments to do, i.e., implement universal civil code, amend article 371, and abolish special privileges given to minority institutions.

Above all, the Hindu nationalist law-makers have the ability of taking care of anti-nationalists, non-patriotic foreign agents and traitors from places their leadership had described as bastions of terrorism. As the prime minister of the country, Modi now has the privilege to learn firsthand about those Muslims who he always thought believed in the division of the world into Darul Harb and Darul Aman with India being defined as the former. No doubt development would be the priority. But behind this screen, there is a three-tier agenda that the Modi government would likely implement as the whispers from RSS and hard core BJP inner circles suggest. Through social media forums, internal memos and literature distributed during and after the election as well as speeches delivered in homes and smaller gatherings away from the glamor of the media, one can easily figure out the social engineering that is likely to take place in the next five years under Modi, if the government survives its tenure. RSS and BJP view Hindus and India interchangeable. They are inclusive. Others that exist in India may be Indians but their status is less than those who still profess Hinduism as their dharam (way of life). Sikhism, Buddhism, and Jainism can be de-

n By Ahmed Quraishi Islamabad, Pakistan


o one knows India better than Pakistan. We are the only neighbor of India that bears the brunt of Indian bellicosity. The bulk of Indian guns and war formations point at us, and India spares no opportunity to undercut Pakistani interests in the region and beyond. The Americans and Europeans have experienced some Indian antics and diplomatic tantrums in recent months, mostly in trade negotiations. But several generations of seasoned Pakistani diplomats can map out unflattering patterns of Indian behavior.

This is why the sudden Pakistani concern about the rise of what many call a mass murderer and religious extremist to be India’s next prime minister is inexplicable. Pakistani decision makers need not make much of this change of command in New Delhi. Our decade-long experience of dealing with India shows that, when it comes to Pakistan, New Delhi has maintained

The Hidden Agenda of Modi fined as part of Hindu society as they are indigenous. Islam and Christianity are imported religions and they cannot be considered part of Hindu civilization unless their adherents renounce their faith. So when the Modi government talks of national development or national policy, we must understand it as referring to Hindu development and policies favoring Hindus. During the next five years, the BJP would ensure that such policies are formed and implemented in the name of Indian nationalism. India has always allowed a section of people living outside the periphery of mainstream culture as the plight of Dalits suggest and if Muslims replace them as neo-Dalits, no one is going to shed tears. The real strength of BJP is over five million RSS workers who are disciplined, and loyal. These workers would ensure that the Modi government policies are popularized in public and projected as the best in the interest of the nation. Public positions: The main task that the Modi government would start implementing from day one is the appointment of RSS and BJP supporters on non-competitive places in various departments of the public sector. This would mean appointments of individuals considered loyal to RSS and BJP in film censor boards, higher, secondary and elementary education boards, bureaucracy, law enforcement agencies, intelligence agencies, research institutes, universities, courts, etc. In a span of five years, all those who may be considered liberal or secular or supportive of a plural society would find their way out replaced by those who may still use the same clichés but serve the interests of their ideology. They may find their way in various echelons of government under the façade of secularism. Thus from text book writings to film production to university and college curriculum, things would see slow but steady changes. Development: Through legislations and public funds, companies and corporations supportive of BJP and RSS would have opportunities to maximize their financial gains.

They would determine the labor laws, minimum wages, working conditions and the pace of development. They would develop policies of hiring and firing and decide who would move up from those sections of society who support the RSS and BJP agenda. In

Indian Muslims have tremendous human and material resources. The community runs over a million grassroots madarsas and other similar institutions through its own resources. It also has a strong ally in Muslims of Indian origin who have settled overseas. Through the combined resources of indigenous and overseas Muslims of Indian origin, Muslims of India can certainly create a new path for themselves states where non-BJP governments rule, through economic incentives, their opposition would be minimized and a climate for an economic alliance would be created. Hindutva: Avoiding publicity, the RSS and BJP would implement the

Hindutva agenda very meticulously. Before touching the Rama Mandir issue, the party workers would focus in rural areas especially in places where minorities are in insignificant numbers. With law enforcement agencies turning blind eyes, many of these communities would be lured back into Hinduism thus changing the demographics of these areas. After all RSS and its supporters believe that Muslims and Christians were Hindus forcibly converted to their new religion and it is the duty of every Hindu to ensure that the lost sheep are returned to their flock. This would happen in a subtle and organized manner. None of these two communities are organized to even have data about their scattered folks in rural areas. Very few of these communities have actually been approached by Muslim groups in the past 66 years of independence. Majority of them are not even aware of the true dimensions of their faith. All they know is that they were born in Muslim families without realizing the meaning of being a Muslim. How to combat the Modi Agenda: RSS and BJP are organizations created by the people and strong leadership. Muslims can also create strong organizations and leadership. Their leadership must have a vision, a vision of the whole of India, not of their party, or community, or sect. This vision must be based on the concept of human dignity of each and every one

Why Pakistan Should Not Worry about Modi a consistent policy of refusing to resolve disputes with Pakistan. India deploys delay tactics in peace talks and seizes any opportunity to hurt Pakistani interests, whether at international forums or in Balochistan. India has never apologized or shown remorse for the unprovoked invasion across international borders in the former East Pakistan in 1971. Remember the fifty Pakistani peace visitors to India in 2007? They were bombed and burned alive inside India aboard the Samjhota (Friendship) Express by Indian military intelligence elements working closely with Indian religious extremists. It wasn’t Narendra Modi or the BJP in charge but a liberal and secular Congress Party. For a decade, the Congress party, led by Sonia Gandhi and Manmohan Singh, failed to reciprocate unprecedented Pakistani concessions on Kashmir and trade that former president Musharraf offered India. In fact, from January 2004 and onwards, Pakistani officials watched in astonishment as New Delhi deployed delay tactics to defer the resolution of Si-

achen, Sir Creek and other disputes. India even failed to acknowledge or reciprocate a huge Pakistani concession when Musharraf silenced our diplomats and soldiers and allowed the Indian occupation army to build a fence along the temporary ceasefire line in Kashmir. Pakistani artillery stopped India for decades from alter-

Modi’s India is no different than Gandhi’s India. New Delhi should be tested on actions, not words. For Pakistan, it is business as usual in New Delhi ing Kashmir’s status as an international dispute until Musharraf bended backwards for peace and allowed India to create a permanent structure on what is a temporary ceasefire line. Indian politicians and military failed to show any magnanimity in recognizing this major Pakistani concession or reciprocating it in any mean-

ingful way. Of course, in hindsight, those Musharraf concessions appear to be a strategic folly. But this mistake was committed under the assumption that we have partners in peace in New Delhi. The reality is that we do not. India’s ruling Hindi-speaking elite is saddled with a centuries-old complex of Muslim rule over Indian territory. This historical baggage makes the dominant Hindi-speakers in Delhi averse to treating Pakistan with respect as a neighbor. The Hindi-speaking Indian ruling elite cannot see itself engaging Pakistan in meaningful dispute resolution in Kashmir under UN Security Council resolutions. The solution of choice for the Hindi-speaking elite is to impose a solution on Pakistan, not negotiate one. At present the only Indian interest in engaging Pakistan is limited to opening up the Pakistani market for Indian business to offset the loss from the stagnation in Indian economy. New Delhi wants to sell its products in Pakistan without hindrance, wants Pakistani demand to drive Indian

and not on the notion of Muslim superiority or supremacy. The vision must be backed by a grassroots organization, an organization that reaches out to the last Muslim living in the remotest area. The vision must be popularized through education, an education that does not make distinction between religious studies and social and natural sciences. An education that is valuebased preparing Muslims to serve humanity through improving their own living conditions. A vision that promotes peace and harmony and that inspires Muslims to forward thinking. The education should be imparted by improving existing educational institutions that can adopt a new curriculum based on objective analysis rather than historical claims to subjective negative thinking. There should be grassroots educational movement starting from angan wadi (pre-KG schools) and elementary to institutions of higher learning. Resources: Indian Muslims have tremendous human and material resources. The community runs over a million grassroots madarsas and other similar institutions through its own resources. It also has a strong ally in Muslims of Indian origin who have settled overseas. Through the combined resources of indigenous and overseas Muslims of Indian origin, Muslims of India can certainly create a new path for themselves. But they would need a leadership that is sincere and dedicated to India and the community and those values of Islam that promote peace, human progress, fellowship and human dignity. The time to act is now, otherwise it would be too late to respond to the new challenges that would emerge in the next few years. There are a lot of Muslim groups in India and each is busy doing something. But, in general, their program is not beneficial to either Muslims or the country. With the exception in southern and eastern India especially in Assam, Muslim Indians, by and large, have not created a vision for themselves of India. All they have are some emotional slogans and historical clichés. But a nation does not rise on the basis of clichés and slogans. It rises on the strength of its own will to change itself. advertising industry, wants Pakistani producers to hire Indian studios and talent, and wants to use Pakistani commercial routes and facilities to increase exports to Afghanistan and Central Asia. India wants all of these Pakistani favors against a promise to us that it will resolve disputes. But we can rest assured that all we will get in return is a repeat of the delay tactics that the Indians have deployed after the January 2004 Composite Dialogue. Ironically, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif is following the Musharraf policy of appeasing India and is ready to grant New Delhi one-sided trade concessions at the cost of Pakistani businesses. Instead of appeasing India, Islamabad should keep the doors of peace open while singling out the trouble spots in Indian behavior. New Delhi should be told that beating up Pakistani visitors to India is unacceptable, that allowing an occupation army to kill Kashmiris with impunity won’t help the cause of peace. Modi’s India is no different than Gandhi’s India. New Delhi should be tested on actions, not words. For Pakistan, it is business as usual in New Delhi.


MAY 30, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P11

Modi’s Inauguration Marks a ‘Great Opportunity’ for a New Chapter: Nawaz Sharif

With Hope and Fear from Kashmir

Experts on global politics are keenly observing all moves made by the Indian and Pakistani leadership and their future policy on Kashmir

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif arrrives at New Delhi airport on May 26, 2014

New Delhi: Prime Minister Nawaz

Sharif said the inauguration of Narendra Modi as his Indian counterpart Monday was a “great opportunity” for the two nuclear neighbors to open a new chapter in relations. “It is a great moment and a great opportunity,” Sharif, who is in New Delhi as a guest for the swearing-in ceremony, told the NDTV network. “This is a chance to reach out to each other. Both governments have a strong mandate,” he added, according to a transcript provided by the Pakistan High Commission. “This could help in turning a new page in our relations,” he said. Modi was sworn in as India’s prime minister at a glittering ceremony that was as much a show of his determination to be a key player on the global stage as a celebration of his stunning election victory. Sharif is the first Pakistani prime minister to attend the inauguration of an Indian leader since the creation of the two countries in 1947 after the end of British colonial rule. The two countries have since fought three wars and remain divided over the disputed region of Kashmir. But Sharif said that the neighbors should use their common heritage to help overcome their differences. “No two nations have ever possessed so much of cultural and traditional similarities as India and Pakistan. Why not turn the similarities into our strength?” said Sharif. “We should remove fears, mistrust and misgivings about each other. “Both countries should rid the region of instability and security that has plagued us for decades.” India’s invitation to Sharif for Modi’s inauguration and bilateral talks extended a couple of days ago had come as a surprise, raising hopes for a thaw in relations between the two countries that have been particularly frosty since the 2008 Mumbai attacks. “I am carrying a message of peace. Dialogue is the only solution,” Sharif told reporters before leaving Lahore today. In a goodwill gesture, Sharif ordered the release of 151 Indian prisoners on Sunday. According to India Today, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif will break away from tradition by not meeting any Kashmiri separatist leader during his visit in India. ADDRESS BEFORE DEPATURE: “Pakistan wants good relations with In-

dia and I am going to New Delhi with a ‘message of peace’”, Sharif said in his informal address to the media just before departure from Lahore airport. Sharif also said all issues can be resolved through talks. He was accompanied among others by his wife Kulsoom Nawaz and his son Hussain Nawaz. Sources said it is expected Sharif will also give a formal invitation to his counterpart for a visit. The News reported on Sunday night that Sharif met his younger brother Shahbaz Sharif along with others in Lahore and discussed the visit. “The premier said Pakistan wanted the resolution of all issues with India, including Kashmir, Sir Creek, water and trade, and it wanted to establish a relationship on the basis of equality for peace in the region,” the paper said, citing unnamed sources. In the meeting, Sharif said the government’s decision to release arrested Indian fishermen as a goodwill gesture and giving back the confiscated fishing boats for the first time in the history of the two sides was aimed at improving the ties. No breakthrough is expected during the visit but it will provide the two leaders an opportunity to cultivate personal relations which go a long a way in reducing tensions. Pakistan has avoided repeated reference to Kashmir before the visit which was in contrast to former military ruler Pervez Musharraf ’s Agra trip of 2001 when he announced that the disputed region will be the central focus of the summit. In another major development, Pakistan has so far not dropped any hint that Sharif will meet Kashmiri leaders, which is also a departure from established tradition. Musharraf ’s high tea party by Pakistan High Commission in 2001 where APHC leaders were invited had created a storm and almost rocked the entire trip. Analysts said the visit will help in easing tension. Former Ambassador Ali Sarwar Naqvi said the meeting between the two prime ministers is very important. Since the relations have been through many ups and downs, it improves the atmosphere for future talks, he said. CABINET: Former Indian Army Chief General VK Singh takes oath as Minister of State and is likely to be in charge of the Northeast affairs, NDTV reports. According to NDTV he will also be the junior external affairs minister. Smitri Irani, formerly an Indian

actress who appeared on popular Indian TV serial Kyun ki Saas bhi kabhi bahu, is the youngest member of cabinet at 38. Irani is likely to be sworn in as the Human Resource Development (HRD) minister. Nripendra Misra has been reportedly named as the principal secretary to Modi according to the Times of India. Arun Jaitley takes oath as cabinet member. He is set to become Finance Minister and will also take over the additional charge of Defense. Jaitley, 61, is one of the top corporate lawyers in the country and has served in a previous BJP administration as commerce minister. Jaitley had been the only obvious candidate for India’s finance minister on a list of cabinet members prepared by Narendra Modi, Reuters had reported earlier. According to NDTV, Modi’s Cabinet Committee on Security (CSS) will comprise four members, not five. The CSS comprises of the prime minister himself and ministers of Home, External Affairs, Defence and Finance. In an interview with an Indian television channel, Nawaz says that he is looking forward to his meeting with Modi. Recalling his meeting with Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the premier said he would like to pick up the thread from where it was left in 1999, Radio Pakistan reported. He also says that ties between the two countries should improve. APCC FROM P15

The large scale manufacturing is projected to grow to 7% next year. Regaining macroeconomic stability and adequate investment are critical for improved growth prospects, the APCC working paper observed. The constraining factors such as lack of structural reforms, high fiscal deficit and accommodative monetary policies are no more desirable as they have serious consequences for inflation, balance of payments and foreign exchange reserves, the paper noted. The government has also pinned down the reasons for below the expectations growth in the outgoing fiscal year. The growth rate of 4.4% for the outgoing fiscal year was consistent with assumption of slight improvements in energy supplies, normal weather conditions, fiscal adjustments and better investment prospects.


n By Gowhar Geelani

xperts on global politics are keenly observing all moves made by the India and Pakistan leadership and their future policy on Kashmir.

After Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif finally accepted Narendra Modi’s invitation to attend the latter’s oath-taking ceremony as the 15th Prime Minister of India, ordinary people, commentators, and politicians in Kashmir began deliberating upon the various pros and cons of the situation, and discussing the future of possible talks on all contentious issues, including Kashmir. There is a mix of apprehension and hope in Kashmir. Some key Kashmir observers believe that Modi’s ascendancy to power could prove detrimental to the “interest” of Muslims in mainland India, but has several “positives” for Kashmiri resistance against the status quo. Some politicians are also pinning their hopes on Modi that he would carry forward the legacy of former Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, while others insist on a waitand-see policy. In the backdrop of the 2002 Gujarat pogrom and the image of Modi as one of the most aggressive leaders of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party [BJP], the fears and apprehensions of the people of Kashmir are not entirely unfounded. However, after his meteoric rise and landslide victory in the recently held parliamentary elections, Modi has also shown some positive signs and appears to be a different man than the one people witnessed during his belligerent campaigning. Yasin Malik, chief of the profreedom Jammu & Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), is of the view that it would be hasty to pin hopes on a man who has won a huge mandate as an advocate of the Hindu extremist Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) ideology. “It is too premature to attach expectations or conclude anything substantial as of now. Only time will tell whether Narendra Modi makes a u-turn on his core political ideology and sets on a peace mission with the Pakistani and Kashmiri leaderships to resolve the dispute,” Malik said. Contrary to the JKLF chief ’s opinion, the pro-India Peoples’ Democratic Party (PDP) in Jammu & Kashmir perceives Modi’s invitation to Sharif and their meeting as “big moment for diplomacy”. “This marks a new beginning of a peace process initiated by Atal Bihari

Vajpayee, which, to some extent, was consolidated during the United Progressive Alliance (UPA-I) government led by the Congress. But sadly, the Kashmir-centric Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) and decisions which were already taken by the two foreign ministers were not implemented by the UPA-II regime,” said PDP’s chief spokesperson Naeem Akhtar. Akhtar was referring to the CBMs such as those of extending cross-LoC travel beyond divided families, increasing the frequency of trans-Kashmir bus service, opening of new routes, and strengthening border trade, etc. The Pakistani premier’s attendance will be a first in the checkered history of the South Asian neighbors, who have fought three wars and a mini-war in Kargil since their independence in 1947 and remain bitterly divided over the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir. Besides Sharif, Modi had extended invitations to other neighboring heads of government from the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) to his swearing-in ceremony. International relations and global politics experts are keenly observing all moves made by the India and Pakistan leaderships and their future policy on Kashmir. Dr Dibyesh Anand, head of Politics and International Relations department at London’s Westminster University, opines that resolving Kashmir would mean treating Kashmiris as political actors. “But there is nothing to suggest that Narendra Modi who has benefited from the rise of rabid Hindu nationalism in India, will see Kashmiris as people with rights,” Dr Anand wrote in his e-mailed response. “Both leaders (Modi and Sharif) will focus on consolidating their positions within their own countries through neoliberal economic growth and out-manoeuvring their political opponents without care for democratic principles of minority rights,” he said, adding: There is nothing to indicate that they have the will, vision or political expediency to resolve the dispute over Kashmir. Trade, and not Kashmir, will be their primary agenda. It is also interesting that Nawaz Sharif has thus far not indicated to meet any Kashmiri resistance leaders during his visit to the Indian capital. This is being seen as a break from earlier traditions set by the Pakistani High Commission in New Delhi, which would extend invitations to the key Kashmiri KASHMIR, P29


P12 – PAKISTAN LINK – MAY 30, 2014

Panic-stricken Tribesmen Flee to Afghanistan

Tribesmen clear rubble and look for belongings in their destroyed houses following airstrikes against suspected Taliban hideouts in Miramshah in North Waziristan on May 24, 2014

Miramshah: Panicked by the on-

going military action in North Waziristan Agency, the tribal people have preferred to take refuge in neighboring Afghanistan instead of shifting to settled areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. According to reports, many families have migrated to Khost and Paktika provinces of Afghanistan from different areas of the volatile tribal region. Eid Mohammad Khan, a local tribesman, told this correspondent that many foreigners also moved to Afghanistan from Waziristan before the launch of military action. He said that the foreigners sold their belongings in the local market before the military action was started. “Many foreigners belonging to Uzbekistan, China, Middle East and European countries who were settled in Mirali, Miramshah and the adjoining areas have shifted to border areas of Afghanistan,” Mr Khan said. The elders of Ahmadzai Wazir tribe and local Taliban commander Hafiz Gul Bahadur had already announced that people would migrate to Afghanistan in case security forces launched an operation in the area. “It will be better to take refuge in Afghanistan instead of living miserable life in tents in Pakistan,”

n By Munawer Azeem Islamabad: The government has

asked the army to provide two companies of soldiers to assist the police in ensuring security in the capital following the initiation of action against terrorist hideouts in North Waziristan, sources in the interior ministry, the capital’s administration and police told Dawn on Saturday. The army and rangers personnel will have police powers and will be able to take more effective action to stop terrorists while assisting the city’s law enforcement agencies with intelligence gathering and launching targeted action against militants hiding in the capital and its suburbs. According official sources, the soldiers will be deployed at pickets and other important installations, as well as being charged with protecting the Red Zone. The decision was taken in separate meetings, including one with Rawalpindi Corps Commander Lt Gen Qamar Javed Bajwa on Thursday. In the meeting, Inspector General Aftab Cheema and Senior Superintendent of Police Mohammad Ali Nekukara asked the corps com-

said Gul Abbas Khan, a tribal elder. He also criticized the local political administration for its attitude with the tribal people. He said that political administration imposed curfew the moment helicopter gunships and jetfighters started shelling and as a result civilians were caught in the conflict. Sources said that residents of Sherkhel, Gulkhel, Gurbez and Sidgai tribes migrated to Khost province where they took shelter with their relatives. The residents of Ghulam Khan area said that 500 families had already gone to Afghanistan and more were on their way to Khost. The displaced Mehsud families, who had shifted to North Waziristan Agency after the military operation was launched against the Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) in South Waziristan in 2009, also moved back to their ancestral area. TTP former chief Hakimullah Mehsud and commander Asmatullah Shaheen, who was also killed in targeted attack, were also residing in Miramshah. Security forces launched targeted operation in the agency on Wednesday last as panic-gripped tribesmen fleeing to Afghanistan. Inter-Services Public Relations claimed that about 80 militants were killed in air strikes.

Sources said that displaced families, mostly nomads, were shifting from Mirali to Bannu, Lakki Marwat and Dera Ismail Khan districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The displaced tribal people, who reached Bannu, were not registered because the area was not declared as conflict zone, they added. Officials said that Fata Disaster Management Authority (FDMA) had selected a site for a relief camp in the Bakakhel area of Frontier Region of Bannu, but it was unable to start registration of the displaced people. “Unless the area is notified as conflict zone, the authority or any other agency can’t start formal registration of displaced people,” said an official. Sources said that tents, food and non-food items were dispatched to Bakakhel and a proper site was identified for establishing a relief camp. “Relief items and staff are on the ground in Bakakhel area and the authority is waiting for a green signal,” the official said. Sources said that the proposed relief center would accommodate around 200,000 individuals. The Provincial Disaster Management Authority has also chalked out a contingency plan for the expected exodus of residents from the North Waziristan Agency.

Peace Talks in Jeopardy Miramshah: Panicked by the ongoing military action in North Waziristan Agency, the tribal people have preferred to take refuge in neighboring Afghanistan instead of shifting to settled areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. According to reports, many families have migrated to Khost and Paktika provinces of Afghanistan from different areas of the volatile tribal region. Eid Mohammad Khan, a local tribesman, told this correspondent that many foreigners also moved to Afghanistan from Waziristan before the launch of military action. He said that the foreigners sold their belongings in the local market before the military action was started. “Many foreigners belonging to Uzbekistan, China, Middle East and European countries who were settled in Mirali, Miramshah and the adjoining areas have shifted to border areas of Afghanistan,” Mr Khan said. The elders of Ahmadzai Wazir tribe and local Taliban commander Hafiz Gul Bahadur had already announced that people would migrate to Afghanistan in case security forces launched an operation in the area. “It will be better to take refuge in Afghanistan instead of living miserable life in tents in Pakistan,” said Gul Abbas Khan, a tribal elder. He also criticized the local political administration for its attitude with the tribal people. He said that political administration imposed curfew the moment helicopter gunships and jetfighters started shelling and as a result civilians were caught in the conflict. Sources said that residents of Sherkhel, Gulkhel, Gurbez and Sidgai tribes migrated to Khost province where they took shelter with their relatives. The residents of Ghulam Khan area said that 500 families had already gone to Afghanistan and more were on their way to Khost. The displaced Mehsud families, who had shifted to North Waziristan Agency after the military operation was launched against the Tehreek-iTaliban Pakistan (TTP) in South Waziristan in 2009, also moved back to their ancestral area. TTP former chief Hakimullah

Mehsud and commander Asmatullah Shaheen, who was also killed in targeted attack, were also residing in Miramshah. Security forces launched targeted operation in the agency on Wednesday last as panic-gripped tribesmen fleeing to Afghanistan. Inter-Services Public Relations claimed that about 80 militants were killed in air strikes. Sources said that displaced families, mostly nomads, were shifting from Mirali to Bannu, Lakki Marwat and Dera Ismail Khan districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The displaced tribal people, who reached Bannu, were not registered because the area was not declared as conflict zone, they added. Officials said that Fata Disaster Management Authority (FDMA) had selected a site for a relief camp in the Bakakhel area of Frontier Region of Bannu, but it was unable to start registration of the displaced people. “Unless the area is notified as conflict zone, the authority or any other agency can’t start formal registration of displaced people,” said an official. Sources said that tents, food and non-food items were dispatched to Bakakhel and a proper site was identified for establishing a relief camp. “Relief items and staff are on the ground in Bakakhel area and the authority is waiting for a green signal,” the official said.

cured. There are also over 100 dirt roads and paths which are not fully secured by security personnel. In terms of intelligence sharing, a special cell would be set up with the help of the added personnel, who

will also help weed out militants who may be hiding in the city, sources said. Information Minister Pervaiz Rasheed told Dawn on Thursday (May 22) that “such arrangements (military deployment in the capital) are part of the government’s precautionary measures.” He did not stand by his statement when approached for comment on Saturday. The information minister echoed the interior minister’s earlier statement on the subject, where he said that no such decision had been taken yet. Farhatullah Babar of the Pakistan People’s Party called on the government to end speculation over this issue and take parliament into confidence over the question of deploying the military in the capital city. “If these reports are true, they imply a breakdown of civil administration in the capital,” he added. Asad Umar, the Pakistan Tehrik-i-Insaf lawmaker from Islamabad, told Dawn that while he did not believe this was a viable long-term solution to the security problem, the army’s services could be employed to protect the city in the short run.

111 Brigade Asked to Protect Islamabad

mander to provide two companies of soldiers. A requisition asking for the deployment of two companies of the army’s 111 brigade, as well as five platoons of Rangers personnel, is expected to be issued by the deputy commissioner’s office soon. Sources said that while the groundwork for this proposal had been completed, they were awaiting written directions from the interior ministry before proceeding with a formal request. The troops would initially be deployed for three months, with the option to extend their stay if the administration felt it was necessary. The military personnel would be empowered to book offenders under the Anti-Terrorism Act (ATA) as well as for offences dealt with under the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC). The personnel would be empowered to raid or arrest terror suspects or retaliate against any attacks. They are likely to be deployed at security pickets on the outer cordon of

A view of Islamabad

the capital. The capital has a total of 164 entry points, 45 of which are through metalled roads. Of these, security personnel are currently deployed on 20, while the other 25 are still unse-


MAY 30, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P13

Press Battle Feeds into Larger Conflict: Govt. vs Military Geo/Jang Group Tenders Apology

Hamid Mir, who survived an attack by gumen in Karachi, is surrounded by fellow journalists after his appearance before a judicial commission

n By Declan Walsh London, UK: For a moment, it seemed that a victor had emerged from Pakistan’s news media wars. After a month of mud-slinging between rival television stations, officials from the government media regulator announced last week that Geo News, the country’s most popular news channel, would immediately be closed. The decision appeared to be a triumph for Inter-Services Intelligence, the military spy agency that has vigorously campaigned for Geo’s closing. The news channel and the agency have been at odds over accusations, broadcast on Geo, that the ISI orchestrated a gun attack last month on the station’s most famous journalist, the talk show host Hamid Mir. Other television stations, eager for the demise of a powerful competitor, have backed the ISI. But the ban on Geo was shortlived. Hours later, the regulator’s executive arm, backed by the government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, reversed the decision, which it termed an illegal act by a handful of its own members. Geo would remain on the air. The farcical about-face was a mark of the chaos that has engulfed Pakistan’s influential news media in the past month, as the spat over Mr Mir’s shooting has broadened into a much wider conflict. A powerful array of critics, from Islamist extremists to slick-suited television hosts, have lined up behind the ISI to attack Geo. Rival channels have issued nightly tirades against the station, painting it as a patsy of India and the West. The politician Imran Khan accused it of helping to rig last year’s general election. Hafiz Saeed, the leader of the banned militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba, joined the attack. And religious leaders, riding a wave of intolerance, charged it with blasphemy — a criminal offense that carries a potential death penalty in Pakistan. More broadly, the campaign to oust Geo has become enmeshed in a web of tensions between the country’s civilian and military leadership. Just one year into his term, Mr Sharif has already clashed with the army chief, Gen. Raheel Sharif, on several major issues, including Taliban peace talks and the fate of Gen. Pervez Musharraf, the former military leader currently facing a treason trial. Now Geo, too, has come between them. “The media fight is intense and dramatic, but it’s not the main show,” said Ayaz Amir, a commentator and former politician. “On a broader canvas, it’s about Nawaz and the military.” Geo has dominated television news coverage over the past decade with a showy, often buccaneering style that has drawn huge audiences, made handsome

profits for its reclusive owner, Mir Shakil ur-Rehman, and helped establish television news as a feisty new center of power and influence in society. That success has also brought powerful enemies. The news media’s newfound strength has constrained the military’s ability to interfere in politics, and once unassailable generals have winced under sometimes withering press criticism, such as after the American commando raid that killed Osama bin Laden in May 2011. But while the army’s animus toward Geo is understandable, the hostility of Mr Khan, whose political career was bolstered by his appearances on Geo, is more baffling. Some analysts suggest he is siding with the army to boost his flagging base. Another political actor to seize on Geo’s weakness is Muhammad Tahir ul Qadri, a fiery Canada-based preacher who led thousands of supporters into central Islamabad in January 2013 and recently started a protest movement to oust Mr Sharif ’s government. In the past week, Geo’s opponents have focused their efforts on the blasphemy charges, which stem from an entertainment show in which a popular actress, Veena Malik, re-enacted her marriage ceremony as a religious hymn played in the background. Ms Malik is known for publicity stunts that have outraged conservatives, like appearing topless on the cover of an Indian magazine with the letters “ISI” tattooed on her arm, and Geo’s enemies seized on the presentation of the song to claim that the channel had disrespected the family of the Prophet Muhammad. Attacks on Geo by rival channels are motivated in part by commercial rivalry; Geo’s dominance of the lucrative advertising market has made Mr Rehman a wealthy man, and made his station a target for smaller channels. But the recent wave of attacks, some encouraged by the ISI, have acquired a vituperative quality that veers dangerously close to propaganda. On ARY, a rival channel whose host Mubasher Lucman has practically made a career of attacking Geo, clerics declared last week that the broadcast featuring Ms Malik constituted blasphemy. Days later, a religious group filed blasphemy charges against Geo at a police station. Online critics have reinforced the assault on Twitter, subjecting Mr Rehman and Mr Mir to vicious personal attacks. Geo has apologized for the entertainment show and offered a robust rebuttal to its other critics. Even so, the rolling crisis has visibly damaged the station. Cable companies have relegated Geo to an obscure location on its channel lists or just pulled it off the air. Advertisers have deserted the channel. Mr

Rehman’s son, Ibrahim, who runs the station, has fled to Dubai, where Mr Rehman already lives. Pakistan’s minority liberals have recently rallied behind Mr Rehman, even those who had previously criticized Geo for irresponsible and sensationalist programming. In an unusual statement, the independent Human Rights Commission of Pakistan called for a halt to the “malicious campaign” against Geo. “Irrespective of what H.R.C.P. or anyone else might think about Geo’s editorial judgment,” the group said, “instigating people to come out on the street following charges of blasphemy is an extremely dangerous trend.” In theory, the crisis should be resolved by the government regulator, the Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority, which is due to adjudicate this Wednesday on ISI complaints that Geo mounted a “vicious campaign” against it. But the process has become deeply politicized. Mr Sharif is seen to be siding with Geo, as part of a wider conflict with the army. Much of it stems from General Musharraf ’s treason trial. Although the military is outraged by the sight of a former army chief facing prosecution in a civilian court, Mr Sharif, who was himself ousted by General Musharraf in a coup in 1999, has refused private entreaties to let his nemesis slip quietly out of the country. The military, in turn, has behaved in a cool fashion toward Mr Sharif, and there have been policy clashes over major issues, such as whether to fight or negotiate with the Pakistani Taliban. Some worry that Mr Sharif is alienating the army in the same way he did before the 1999 coup. “When Nawaz was elected last year, people said he was a changed man, wiser and more mature,” said Mr. Amir, the analyst, who belonged to Mr. Sharif ’s party until last year. “But when the crunch comes, he’s still the same man.” The internecine news media strife has dismayed senior journalists, leading to calls for a new system of regulation. On Friday the English-language newspaper Dawn warned that further fighting risked “destroying any semblance of a free and responsible Pakistani media.” Amid the furor, the plight of Mr Mir, the journalist who was shot last month, has been all but forgotten. He has started to recover from his six gunshot wounds, and on Monday appeared before an official inquiry that seeks to identify his attackers. But in such a charged atmosphere, and in a country where political violence is rarely resolved, few believe that inquiry will amount to much. (Kiran Nazish contributed reporting from New York. - Courtesy The New York Times)

Islamabad: In the backdrop of an

attack on the life of Hamid Mir – senior journalist and anchorperson – Geo TV network and Jang media group on Monday tendered an apology to Pakistan’s armed forces and Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) for hurling allegations on ISI chief Lt Gen Zaheerul Islam. In a published apology in English daily The News and Urdu newspaper Jang, the media group clarified that they were respectful of Pakistani forces and its leadership. “We have always appreciated their sacrifices to safeguard our borders and the security of our country,” said the apology letter. The media group clarified that the allegations were not hurled by the institution but by Hamid Mir himself and later repeated by his brother soon after the attack in Karachi. Mir had repeatedly held ISI or some elements within its ranks for orchestrating the attack on his life.

The senior anchorperson had said in his first media interaction that he was being threatened to leave the country by the same elements who he alleged were behind the attack. “After serious retrospection, editorial debates, feedback and engagement with all parties, directly and indirectly, we have concluded that our coverage immediately after the tragic and unnerving attack on Hamid Mir on April 19 was excessive, distressful and emotional,” said the group in the apology. The media giant accepted that the coverage of the incident was “misleading, disproportionate and inappropriate giving impression of a campaign,” although it followed current media practices including the version of armed forces with photo of DG ISPR televised repeatedly. The group apologized to the ISI, its chief Lt Gen Zaheerul Islam, his family, Pakistan Army and large number of television viewers for causing “deep hurt.”

Anti-judge Banners, Posters Irk Supreme Court

Justice Jawwad S. Khawaja

Islamabad: The Supreme Court on Monday directed the Director General Intelligence Bureau (IB) and Secretary Interior to investigate objectionable banners and posters on the roads of federal capital against Justice Jawwad S. Khawaja and submit a detailed report in 24 hours. The two-member bench comprising Justice Khawaja and Justice Gulzar Ahmed resumed hearing of a petition filed by the Independent Media Corporation (IMC) on behalf of Geo Network against negative propaganda by other TV channels and to resume its transmission on cable TV networks. The court remarked that if unknown people can post banners in the red zone of the federal capital then they can also do some other dangerous work which could be harmful for the country.

During the course of the proceedings, Akram Shaikh – the counsel for Geo TV – told the court that cable operators had suspended the transmission of the news channel in more than 90 per cent areas of the country. The Supreme Court in its order on August 13, 2012 clearly mentioned that cable operators cannot block transmission of any channel without approval of the Pakistan Electronic Media Regularity Authority (Pemra), he added. He pleaded to the court to accept his petition and issue direction to restore the channel’s transmission as the court in its previous order did not issue clear guidelines for the cable operators. On this, Justice Gulzar remarked that the review petition was disposed of after receiving reports of restoration of the TV channel’s transmission. Ibrahim Satti, counsel for Pemra, informed the court that the media regulatory body was bound to follow the previous order and was implementing the court order in its true spirit. Zahid Malik, head for Pemra, assured the court that the 2012 decision would be implemented. Under the 2012 decision, cable operators cannot block channels without their license being cancelled or suspended by Pemra. Pemra officials informed the court that action would be taken against those who had removed the channels. Later, the court adjourned the hearing till May 28.


P14 – PAKISTAN LINK – MAY 30, 2014

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MAY 30, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P15

Imran Predicts Fall of Sharif Brothers at Public Rally

“We’ll not rest until those who rigged the elections are brought to justice,” declared Imran

Pindi Bhattian: Pakistan Tehreeke-Insaf (PTI) chief Imran Khan predicted a bleak political future of the Sharif brothers who head the government in the center and the province of Punjab, forecasting that their rule was bound to end prematurely. Both Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif cannot save those who aided and abetted rigging in last year’s general elections, Imran told supporters at a rally in connection with the by-election campaign of PTI candidate for Punjab Assembly seat PP-107 in Pindi Bhat-

tian area of Hafizabad. “We’ll bring them to justice,” he added. The Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz massively rigged the 2013 general elections which is why it is afraid of re-verification of voters even in four constituencies, Imran said. “Both eyesight and counting skills of the PML-N ministers are weak,” he said in a lighter vein. The party that claims to have bagged 14.5 million votes cannot stage a public rally at Minar-e-Pakistan, in Lahore, Peshawar, Karachi or Quetta. “The PML-N hasn’t given Punjab anything, except Jangla Bus,” he said, referring to the

Lahore Metro Bus in which the chief minister takes great pride. The PTI chief said the government has obliged Najam Sethi, who was caretaker chief minister of Punjab at the time of the 2013 elections, and appointed him chairman of the Pakistan Cricket Board or else he would have spilled the beans on the massive rigging. “Free, fair and transparent elections are not possible unless the whole system is rectified,” he added. He wondered why India’s Congress party was rejected by the electorate for his poor performance – but the PML-N, which did nothing for the people during its five-year rule in Punjab, polled 14.5 million votes. “The self-proclaimed Khadime-Aala [chief public servant], Shahbaz Sharif, should tell the nation what has he done for 36 districts of Punjab,” Imran said. “The PML-N can no longer fool the masses.” The PTI chief said that like Faisalabad, successful rallies would also be staged in other cities. “We’ll not rest until those who rigged the elections are brought to justice,” he added. Other PTI leaders, including Shah Mahmood Qureshi, also addressed the rally.

APCC Recommends 5.1% Growth Target

Islamabad: The Annual Plan Coordination Committee has recommended setting next year’s economic growth target at 5.1% and of inflation at 8% but cautioned that energy shortages, security situation and additional taxes may pose downside risks to the growth target. The APCC also recommended setting the investment target at 15.7% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) against this year’s 14%. The per capita Gross National Product (GNP) is projected at Rs160,443 for the fiscal year 2014-15, commencing from July. Headed by Minister for Planning, Development and Reforms Ahsan Iqbal, the APCC on Monday cleared the economic framework for the approval of the National Economic Council (NEC). Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif will chair the NEC on May 29 to approve the framework. “The growth targets are subject to risks like deterioration in energy availability, extreme weather fluctuations, non-implementation of envisaged reforms and fiscal profligacy,” noted the APCC. A working paper, prepared by the

Planning Commission, carries some quality advice for the Ministry of Finance to bring real improvement in the economic conditions. It notes that the outlook for 2014-15 portends a significant recovery in growth momentum and trajectory amid wide ranging challenges including persistent energy shortages, supply-side constraints, inefficiencies of production, further reduction in fiscal deficit by mobilizing additional revenues and demand for structural reforms besides security challenges. “Without bringing improvement in tax collection, investment and increasing exports, the country’s national development agenda remains incomplete,” said Iqbal after the APCC meeting. The 5.1% growth rate is projected to be achieved with the aid of healthy growth in industry and services sector but a risk remains that growth in the agriculture sector will remain weak in the next fiscal year as well. The agriculture sector is projected to grow by 3.3%, industry 6.8% and services 5.2%. APCC, P11

IHC Suspends Notices to Three Pemra Members

Islamabad: The Islamabad High Court (IHC) on Monday suspended Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority’s (Pemra) notification for the body’s meeting on May 27 and the show-cause notices issued to three of its private members. It also put on hold the appointment of its new executive member. The IHC judge, Justice Noorul Haq N Qureshi, was hearing petitions filed by the media watchdog’s three private members – Israr Abbasi, Mian Shams and Fareeha Iftikhar – who had been issued showcause notices on May 22 for alleged violation of powers. The three, along with two other private members, had met on May 20 and announced measures to suspend three Geo TV channels – Geo News, Geo Entertainment and Geo Tez – in response to a reference filed against the channel by the ministry of defense. Later, on the same day, Pemra had released a statement, disowning the decision by the members and claimed that the May 20 meeting had no legal standing. The court also suspended the notification for the appointment of Pemra’s executive member Kalimuddin Tipu. Interestingly, the same official had issued on behalf of Pemra the statement that disowned the May 20 meeting. Justice Qureshi issued notices to the information ministry’s sec-

retary and Tipu and asked them to submit their reply at the next hearing. Earlier, one of the petitioners, Advocate Israr Abbasi, said the ministry of information had no authority to issue show cause notices to Pemra members. He also argued that a Grade-20 officer, Tipu, could not be appointed as an executive member, which is a Grade-21 post. He alleged that the government had violated procedures in order to raise the numeric strength of its loyalists in the authority. Currently, Pemra comprises 11 members, including five private members. Mian Shams, who was also served a show-cause notice, informed the court that it was decided during the private members’ meeting on May 20 to convene the next meeting on May 28, but the government members cancelled the meeting and issued a notification for a meeting on May 27. He said the agenda for the May 27 meeting was prepared at the residence of the Pemra secretary. “However, according to the rules, agenda of a meeting can only be finalized in the previous meeting,” he added. The court later suspended the notification of the May 27 meeting and put off the matter till the next hearing, the date of which is due to be fixed by the registrar office.


P16 – PAKISTAN LINK – MAY 30, 2014

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MAY 30, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P19

Friday, May 30, 2014

VOL. 24/22 PAGE 21

egum PAGE 24

Bourdain’s MPAC Video Making International News

French Author Becomes Urdu Novelist

1 Sha’ban1435 H


Author Shares Tips for Marketing Book

For news, updated round the clock, visit

Benefit Dinner of Human Development Foundation Silicon Valley

What drew added attention this time around was the interesting choice of the main guest, the former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan Mr Iftikhar Chaudhry, and the entertainment segment headlined by the very talented Bushra Ansari


n By Ras H. Siddiqui

he Human Development Foundation (HDF) held its 11th Annual Silicon Valley Gala or benefit dinner at the Double Tree Hilton Hotel in San Jose, California on Sunday, May 18, 2014. It was a packed house as usual because HDF successfully draws a wide spectrum of people who believe in its cause which is social uplift in Pakistan. What drew added attention this time around was the interesting choice of the main guest, the former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan Mr Iftikhar Chaudhry and the entertainment headlined by the very talented Bushra Ansari. But one has to believe that when the cause is genuine and the organizers make an effort, Pakistani-Americans and their friends, especially from the area’s Muslim community as a whole, respond positively! The evening started off with a social hour and dinner. The formalities began with words of welcome by event

emcee Athar Siddiqee who invited young Azeem Khan for the recitation from the Holy Qur’an. Twins Azeem and Adeeb Khan have been at HDF events from a very young age but it now appears that education has caused them to be separated here this year. Emcee Athar who has been conducting this event since 2004 upon request thought that it was going to be a temporary arrangement. “I am running out of jokes,” he said. “I need new material.” But he went back to one of his old retread’s which had to do with the importance of having achar (pickles) as a part of the dinner menu. He then proceeded to invite Javed Khan to the stage for his welcoming speech. Javed Khan, as one of the longtime pillars of the HDF in Silicon Valley, has proved his dedication to the cause of social uplift in Pakistan. He thanked everyone for their presence. He said that the HDF has raised approximately 1.3 million dollars locally in the past decade to help the poor in Pakistan. He had several words of

praise for former Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry and thanked him for being here and for upholding the law in Pakistan during his tenure. Also thanked were former Attorney General of Pakistan Munir Malik who was very much present, Bushra Ansari, and last but not least the husband and wife team of Moazzam Chaudry and Aifra Ahmed for their efforts. “This event is about giving back to Pakistan,” he said. “It is Pakistan that enabled us to come here.” He went on to say that what we can do is to make a difference in the lives of a small number of people there, but we know that the need is far greater. He added that the motto today was “No Donor Left Behind!” Khan also recognized Moazzam Chaudry for his efforts on behalf of HDF. A moving video of HDF activity in Pakistan was shown as a handful of community kids appeared on stage to aid in sending out the HDF message. Moazzam Chaudry next explained in detail what the HDF has been doing in Pakistan with an up-

date. Aided with a slide show he said that the HDF has been able to touch the lives of over 800,000 people in Pakistan and over 300 villages have been adopted there for special attention. He explained the HDF Holistic Model with Social Mobilization, Economic Development, Education & Literacy, Primary Healthcare and Sustainable Environment being the main focus areas. He spoke of micro loans which over 95% of the people return, water sanitization, the education of over 32,000 students and explained what our dollar donations can do for some

very poor people. He also asked everyone to be a part of the HDF and join in the effort. More encouragement for donations was provided by HDF Youth Ambassadors for change (all the kids were impressive) in presentations which included “Shiza’s World,” a moving and inspiring video of a girl going to school. And one included a video aided by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Next up was possibly the most moving part of the evening - a HDF, P29


P20 – PAKISTAN LINK – MAY 30, 2014

Munir Malik and Riaz Haq Debate Ex-CJ Chaudhry’s Conduct


n By Riaz Haq

f you want to see me in Sacramento as YOUR representative, you need to get out and VOTE for me for Assembly District #74 on June 3rd.

iewpoint From Overseas team invited former Chief Justice of Pakistan Mr Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry and former Attorney General of Pakistan Mr Munir A. Malik for a conversation at our Silicon Valley studio last week.

The former chief justice did not respond to our invitation. But we were fortunate to have Mr Munir Malik visit us and respond to the questions often asked by people here in the valley. The format chosen was essentially a debate format moderated by VPOS host Faraz Darvesh. Mr Malik vigorously defended the lawyers’ movement, a movement to bring rule-of-law to Pakistan. The former attorney general supported the actions of L to R: Misbah Azam, Saeed Malik, Riaz Haq, Munir Malik and Faraz Darvesh CJ Chaudhry before, during and after his restoration to the top discovered in 2007 and a refer- worth it? ViewPoint from Overseas bench, including Mr Chaudhry’s ence was filed against Chief Justice unprecedented use of suo moto Chaudhry. The issues of corrup- host Faraz Darvesh discusses these and contempt of court actions. Mr tion brought out in that reference questions with Pakistan’s former Malik rejected allegations that Mr have remained unresolved mainly attorney general Munir Malik and Chaudhry covered up his son Ar- due to obstruction of justice by the Riaz Haq ( Here’s a video of the MalikChaudhry Court. salsan Iftikhar’s corruption. Faraz focused on the following Haq debate: Riaz Haq responded by point ing out the lawless conduct of law- questions: Ex AG Munir Malik Defends How did Mr Munir Malik start yers during and after the lawyers’ movement. Mr Haq pointed out and lead Pakistan lawyers’ move- Ex CJ Chaudhry, Lawyers Movethat Mr Chaudhry took PCO oaths ment? ment in Pakistan from WBT TV twice and remained a compliant Did ex-CJ Iftikhar Chaudhry on Vimeo. judge until his support for his son meet the lawyers’ expectations of Arsalan Iftikhar’s illegal and rapid him? tch?v=cnh0muCowbA&feature=y promotions and conduct were Was the effort to restore him


Essay Competition on Kashmir Conflict

orld Kashmir Awareness (WKA) -- a Kashmir advocacy group based in the United States -- is sponsoring an essay contest on the subject of Kashmir. The contest is open to all individuals across the globe.

The contestants must focus on the following topic: Do Kashmiris have a right to SelfDetermination? Essay Competition Rules & Guidelines: 1. A panel of three judges will consider all submissions, regardless of the ideological inclinations of the writers, as long as their positions do in fact support the ideals and principles of peoples’ right to self-determination and democratic norms. 2. The contestants should recommend potential peaceful solution to the Kashmir conflict. 3. Such potential solutions should include, but not be limited to, elements of conflict resolution, international mediation and negotiation, respect for international law and human dignity, religious pluralism and established democratic processes for civil society. 4. The contestants should clearly address the topic and complement their arguments with appropriate objective criteria. 5. Opinions and recommendations must exclusively be those of the writers and not copied from others. 6. The top three essays will be published in the World Kashmir Awareness website and will also be sent for possible publication in news outlets. 7. The length of the essay should be between 1,800 to 2,000 words. 8. The deadline for the online submission of the essay is midnight of Sunday, August 24, 2014 9. The following prizes will be awarded to the winners of the contest. Category 1: Adults: 20 years and


Vote for Me on June 3rd

older: Top three winners from this category will be awarded Rs. 20,000, 15,000 and 10,000, respectively for the first, second and third place. Category 2: Undergraduate: Under 20 years: Top three winners will be awarded Rs.15,000, 10,000 and 5,000, respectively for the first, second and third place. 10. All essays will become the property of the WKA. 11. Any enquiries about the essays should be directed to: 12. To know more about World Kashmir Awareness, please visit: www.

Second Joint Masjid Badminton Tournament


CMCO will be holding the Second Joint Masjid Badminton Tournament at the San Gabriel Valley Badminton Club (3410 Pomona Blvd. Pomona, CA 91768 ) on June 14th.

Please contact your local masjid for any inquiry in this regard, says an announcement It adds: If you do not know your local masjid contact person please contact anyone below for an enrollment. Available ( Mon to Fri) 10:00 am to 5:00 pm. Sister Asmaa S. Aly -------949.595.0480 (OCIF) Sister Sabiha Quidwai -----714. 531.1722 (ISOC) Sister Annan Aboul-Nasr- 714. 533 .6203 (IIOC) Sister Andrea or Aisha ---- 949387-5153 (ICOI) You can also contact Brother Dawar @ 310-729-0107 any time.

Applications Invited for 10th Annual Muslim Youth Leadership Program


he Muslim Youth Leadership Program (MYLP) is an intensive, four-day retreat in Sacramento designed to introduce American Muslim high school students to the areas of media, law, and government where professionals have opportunities to shape public opinion and public policy. Students are encouraged to submit their applications soon. At MYLP, participants will: -Gain in-depth understanding of California’s legislative process -Receive hands-on training in civic engagement and media advocacy -Gain insight and career advice from top executives in these fields -Meet other ambitious Muslim students from across California

Here is where to look for your polling place: asp It is a humbling moment for me, a passionate educator, to receive the endorsement of my union - the California Teachers Association. I have been a proud member of this union for more than a decade. The endorsements and donations that I receive from my supporters are reflective of their faith in my candidacy. I will do everything I can to live up to their expectations. On Sunday I met with many residents of Huntington Beach. Some were educators from the other side of the aisle who expressed their confidence in me and my commitment to level the playing field by reversing the trend of our being a donor district and bringing more money for education to Huntington Beach and all areas of our district. Unlike Allan Mansoor, whom many believe has not been an advocate for their city or for their district, I assured them that my priorities also included increasing job opportunities, increasing funding for senior services and giving our local law enforcement the funding and tools necessary to reduce crime. Your vote is important to me. Please vote for me and encourage your friends to vote for me, Anila Ali for Assembly. I am the only candidate endorsed by the California Democratic Party. The National Women’s Political Caucus is holding a fundraiser for the endorsed candidates. Please show your support by attending. Following are the details May 24th, 4-6 P.M. at the residence of Sherri and Gary Loveland - 10920 Silverado Terrace, Tustin, CA. If you can’t make it, consider donating to my campaign online: www. Anila Ali DONATE Please go to my website and use the email sign up feature so that you can get the latest updates. If you would like to get involved in my campaign please message us and join our team - Anila Ali for Assembly District 74.

Sonu Nigam’s Concert Helps Eradicate Blindness

n By A.H. Cemendtaur


he ingredients of magic

When: were all there: a singing Thursday, August 7 through and dancing Sonu Nigam, Sunday, August 10, 2014 one of the most popular figures in

South Asian showbiz; a 33-mem-

Who: ber orchestra flown from India; Muslim high school students professionally managed concert from across California lighting in company of theatrical

fog, producing spectacular lightfingers; the wonderful setting of SAP Center San Jose; and over Application are available online 10,000 fervid fans. And magic at and must be they produced! To Apply:

submitted by Thursday, June 16

The Memorial weekend concert was arranged by the Sankara For Additional Information: Eye Foundation, USA. Contact CAIR-LA’s Youth DeTo a very large extent the entervelopment Coordinator Zienab Ab- tainment program was about sight. I delgany at 714.776.1847 or via email tried to find a single blind person in at the audience, but I did not find one. All my life I have lived with

loved ones suffering from RP (Retinitis Pigmentosa), a degenerative eye disease. I have seen people pushed into depression when the tunnel of their vision shrinks, and one day even the last beam of light is gone. I consider myself as familiar with the difficulties associated with blindness, as a person of sight can ever be. I can clearly ‘see’ a world of complete darkness coming alive only through sounds, smells, tastes, and touch. People, it is a world of great handicap—it is not where you want to see anyone, ANYONE. Sankara Eye Foundation’s mission is to have 20/20 vision by 2020—the foundation wants to completely eradicate curable blindness in India by 2020. It is a lofty goal, and a very commendable one. Sankara needs complete support to make this dream a reality.


MAY 30, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P21

Diplomatic Beauties Illuminated in Washington n By C. Naseer Ahmad

able to learn much more about the audience, their experiences and response. In the audience was Brazil’s Ambassador Mauro Vieira, who received the Distinguished Diplomatic Service Award from the World Affairs Council DC a day earlier. Also in the audience was Swiss Ambassador Manuel Sager under whose leadership the Swiss Embassy plays an important role in educational, cultural and economic issues. Ambassador Sager has also spoken at American University’s Washington College of Law on “The Swiss View on the Current Role of International Organizations.” One learns that in addition to his diplomatic skills, Ambassador Sager is gifted with the ability to entertain his guests with music. Along with former Hungarian Ambassador András Simonyi, Ambassador Sager played guitar during the “Non-Obvious Diplomacy” dinner hosted at the Swiss Embassy in cooperation with PathNorth - a non-profit organization that helps business leaders bring a fresh perspective and service to both work and life. Across town at the Austrian Embassy, the Minetti Quarter – which has been noted by Der Tagesspiegel, a Berlin-based newspaper, as a “musical sensation from Austria” delivered a mesmerizing performance to a large audience which included diplomats from several countries. One of the beauties of musical diplomacy was to see a magnificent performance at the Russian Embassy by Russian born Adrian Duarov – a versatile cellist – and Chinese American Di Wu, who has been described by the Wall Street Journal as the “most mature and sensitive pianist.” Andreas Pawlitschek and Magister Angelika Schweiger at the Austrian Embassy, Pavel Spitsyn, Russian Embassy Cultural Attache just like Joanna Mayer Castro at the Portuguese Embassy help facilitate such evenings and engage the audience in numerous ways. The audience itself is a beautiful aspect of these diplomatic gatherings because it draws in people who are both curious and concerned about finding solutions to problems in modern life. A wide variety of topics are talked about between the salad and the desserts. Through the conversations, the audience educates and illuminates making such events among the list of the diplomatic beauties in Washington.


hen folks say beauty lies in the beholder’s eye, the diplomatic life in Washington that was perhaps in their minds. In March, the Cherry Blossoms had not reached their peak and May flowers were still a few weeks away. But the musical event at the Portuguese Ambassador’s residence was surely a thing of beauty.

“Beauty is truth, truth beauty.” Haven’t we also heard that? It is true that to appreciate the beauties in Washington’s diplomatic life, one must engage in more than what meets the eyes. The ambiance, the nuances and the vibes communicate the charms in surroundings of ambassadorial residences. From the moment, Ambassador Nuno Brito began to speak, it became clear that it was going to be a delightful experience. Playfully he said that the chef will only serve dinner if the music was good. You could see the mischief in his eyes as it was a ploy to disarm the distinguished guests. Those words certainly drew some chuckles and everyone knew that it was time to feel at home in his living room. But the music was not just good; it was outstanding and so were the promising young artists. As Rolando Rolim, the young Brazilian pianist stroked the piano, one learned about the interesting path of his promising musical career which started with his first performance at age four. As the music sheets turned, one traveled through time from the sonatas of Ludwig van Beethoven and Johannes Brahms. When Emanuel Salvador played the violin strings, one couldn’t help notice the places he has been and also imagine the places he will go to with the exquisite delivery of the compositions Joly Braga Santos and Arvo Pärt. When intermission arrived, Ambassador Brito made a quick visit to the kitchen reporting back the pleasure of the chef from the music in the air. There was more than hope. The aromas of shrimp paella, cod au gratin and other delectable buffet items soon to appear on the dining table were seeping through in this intimate surrounding. A picture might say a thousand words but Morris Simon’s camera lens always captures the essence much more. One is

American Doctor Killed in Pakistan Islamabad: An American doctor was shot and killed in eastern Pakistan on Monday. Mehdi Ali Qamar, a cardiologist who practiced in suburban Columbus, Ohio, had traveled to Pakistan’s Punjab Province late last week to volunteer at a local heart clinic and visit relatives, according to Ahmadi community leaders. At around sunrise on Monday, he went to a cemetery to visit the graves of several family members. As he neared the gate, two men on motorcycles shot him 11 times in front his wife and toddler son, officials said. Police had no suspects and did not know the motive for the killing, a spokesman said. But a photograph of Qamar lying on the ground in a blood-soaked shirt was posted on Twitter, and it made him the latest symbol of the persecution facing members of the Ahmadi sect in Pakistan. Friends and relatives said Qamar, 50, grew up in Pakistan but moved to the United States more than a decade ago to pursue his medical career.

“It is a major crime against humanity that a doctor who came a few days back to serve his country has been killed,” said Saleemuddin, a spokesman for Jamaat-e-Ahmadiyya, the group that represents Pakistan’s Ahmadi population. “It’s injustice upon injustice, and it’s getting no attention from the government,” said Qasim Rashid, national spokesman for the Ahmaddiyah Muslim Community USA. “There is no accountability for acts of terrorism, and this has empow-

ered the extremists and emboldened them...” Dr Qamar, according to another report, is survived by his wife and three sons. His wife, his wife’s cousin, and his youngest son, 2 years old, were walking with him when he was killed, said police and community members. The eldest son, a 17-year-old high-school student, didn’t travel to Pakistan with the family and remained in the U.S. because of exams. Shantanu Sinha, a cardiologist in Lancaster who worked with Dr Qamar for the past 10 years, described him as a person who gave generously to his local community in Ohio. Dr Qamar worked at a vein-care center called Vanishing Veins Ohio and at a cardiology office known as CardioVascular Specialists near the local hospital. “He was one of the most honest, ethical and not-a-bad-bone-inhis-body kind of person,” said Dr Sinha, adding that Dr Qamar returned to Pakistan to provide free cardiac care. “He was very giving.”

Bourdain’s MPAC Video Making International News

Washington, DC: CNN host An-

thony Bourdain’s video accepting the Voice of Courage and Conscience Media Award last Sunday has made national and international news, including “The Nation” magazine, Haaretz, and Daily Kos. In the video message, which has reached over 10,000 views in the last few days and has even been tweeted, Bourdain says in part: “It is something we do all the time -- show regular people doing everyday things, cooking and enjoying meals. It is a measure, I guess, of how twisted and shallow our depiction of the people is that these images come as a shock to so many. The world has visited many terrible things on the Palestinian people, none more shameful than robbing them of their basic humanity.” MPAC works to bring attention and progress to the struggle of the Palestinian people for self-determination by engaging the public discourse and impacting perceptions. The Media Awards Gala is a reflection of MPAC’s Hollywood

Bureau engagement, which aims to get accurate and humanizing stories told and encourage storytellers to reflect real life. “We are proud that Anthony Bourdain’s show and recognition for showing Palestinian life with openness and humanity has sparked a positive reaction that can show Americans the truth of actions taken in our name as US citizens and with our tax dollars,” said MPAC President Salam Al-Marayati.


ENTERTAINMENT LIFESTYLE P22 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; PAKISTAN LINK â&#x20AC;&#x201C;&MAY 30, 2014



ani was a true superstar and had she been in Bollywood, she would have made it big, more so than any of her contemporaries!" says director Saqib Malik, talking about the uncrowned queen of Pakistani cinema. This Tuesday, it will be exactly 21 years since Lollywood's one-ofa-kind leading lady passed away on May 27, 1993. Though gone, she is not forgotten. A woman known for her expressive eyes, sensuous curves and superb dancing skills which landed her the title of 'a face

thing in those days and the first time a major film star had crossed over from the silver screen to television. Naturally, there was a lot of excitement." Malik recalls her as a "charming and erudite lady", someone who was very comfortable in her skin. "She was of that world. That was the whole era where you were a little coquettish and knew how to flirt with the camera, and yet you were measured. You never revealed all but rather left something to the imagination. She had that mystique.

Not talented when it came to singing, Rani was an excellent performer when it came to dancing. She began her career in Anwar Kamal Pasha's Mehboob in 1962. Though people noticed her beauty, she failed to make her mark as a performer. After a string of flops and forgettable performances including Aakhri Station, a film made on a story penned by Hajra Masroor and showcasing the best performance of Shabnam's career, Rani was labelled as bud-kismet by film-makers.

that launched a thousand mujras' from the catty English press, Rani proved herself to be the ultimate superstar during the golden era of Pakistani cinema, a time when it wasn't known with the tacky moniker of Lollywood nor was it in the doldrums. Though Lollywood's golden age remains a distant memory and its revival a far-fetched fantasy, Rani continues to shine through as a performer par excellence. Malik had interviewed Rani for Herald magazine a few months before her sudden death due to leukemia. Recalling the meeting that took place over two decades ago, he says: "I remember that interview well. It was really quite something. By then she had left her movie career and was separated from cricketer-turned-politician Sarfaraz Nawaz." At the time she was riding high on the success of Nusrat Thakur's critically acclaimed serial on PTV, Khwahish. "She had started doing TV and made a big splash in Khawahish. She was one of the first film stars to work on television and not as a side character. It was a big

This is the reason Rani remains larger than life. She had that something special and if she was in Bollywood, she would have been equally successful," he adds. To illustrate his point, he highlights Pakistan's Umrao Jan Ada, a gem produced by Hasan Tariq, which came much before the Indian version starring Rekha. "It was very much watched in India and was highly appreciated, Rani's performance in particular was praised." For a woman who famously said "my glamour is my identity", Rani rose to fame from humble beginnings. Born on December 8, 1946 in Mzang, Lahore, she was named Nasira by her parents Malik Muhammad Shafi and Iqbal Begum. Her father was the driver of writer Agha Hashr Kashmiri and singer Mukhtar Begum. Mukhtar asked Malik to let her raise this girl with eyes as big as saucers. And thus began the grooming of Rani, as she was affectionately called by Begum. Incidentally, it was also Begum who years earlier suggested that Allah Wasai, a young girl with a beautiful voice, be called Noor Jehan.

Meanwhile, she fell hard for Kamal, a Raj Kapoor lookalike who was making waves in the local film industry. The affair remained "a one-sided infatuation from her side" in Kamal's own words, and Rani was left heartbroken. It is often said that suffering brings out the best in a person, and this is certainly what happened with her. While she was marked as a failure, director and producer Hassan Tariq brushed aside the jinxed label and gave her some of the meatiest roles ever written for a female actor in Pakistani cinema. From being the virginal girl next door to a sultry siren, stock characters were developed, given strong story lines and the results were remarkable. The young starlet went on to marry Hasan and rule the silver screen with Anjuman, Tehzeeb, Umrao Jan Ada, Surraiya Bhopali, delivering box office hits in quick succession. She also went on to become a Lux girl, a true movie star moment. Guddu, a much sought-after Lollywood archiver and Rani's biggest fan to date reminisces of those days and was lucky enough to

see her dance live on the film sets. "To this day, she remains a legend in her own right. Her dances, her ada, her raised eyebrows, all her moves were so calculated, classic and elegant. On top of it all, she was famously married and a mother as well. Usually, the trend is that once a heroine becomes a mum, her career slumps. In Rani's case, it was the exact opposite!" he says. Guddu is not alone. Over the years many actresses came and went in Lollywood but none left a mark like Rani. In two separate backstage conversations at the Lux Style Awards with this writer, Runa Laila and Naheed Akhtar who often did playback singing for the actress, said that had it not been her dance performances, their songs would

not be the same. Dil dharkay mein tum se yeh kaise kahoon, Aap dil ki anjuman mein, Jis taraf aankh uthaoon, the list of gems is endless. "She breathed life into the songs," said Akhtar, an accomplished singer while Laila paid the ultimate compliment and said, "Rani stole my thunder!" Though Rani's marriage to Tariq was short lived, the resulting creativity survived the test of time and even today makes one sit up and take notice. "For Rani, true love meant a lot. She had it all looks, talent and success - but she also wanted to be acknowledged as someone who could be loved unconditionally," late director Javed Fazil once said. Courtesy Dawn

COMMENTARY n By Dr Asif Javed


Williamsport, PA

MAY 30, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P23

The Romeo General & the Three Pictures

n issue of Nawa-i-Waqt of 23rd March 1971 has remained etched upon my mind. It had three pictures alongside each other: In the middle was Quaid-i-Azam with the caption ‘Founder of Pakistan.’ On one side of him was Mujib-ur-Rehman with the caption ‘Traitor of Pakistan.’ The third was of an army officer with all the medals and regalia that go with it, with the caption ‘Defender of Pakistan.’ The last picture was of Gen Yahya Khan.

In late 60’s, my mother used to visit her brother in Rawalpindi. This uncle of mine was an army officer with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. After one of her visits, my mother narrated an interesting episode: One day, there was some tension in uncle’s house. Mother was asked to make sure she stayed in her room for a few hours since a VIP visitor was expected. The visitor, a female, did turn up, spent a few minutes with my uncle, who was then involved with some civilian affairs while on martial-law duty. After she left, my mother asked her visibly relieved brother about her. In hushed tone, she was told that the visitor had come to ask for some favor, that she had enormous influence, and could only be ignored at one’s peril. The readers may be able to guess the visitor’s identity as they read along. There is yet another picture of Yahya Khan that I cannot forget: He is sitting with a glass-presumably containing alcohol--in hand, next to Noor Jahan, who is all smiles. There are some other people too; all seem to be having a good time. Years later, NJ was to admit to Khalid Hasan that YK was very fond of her company. He called her Nuri while our Malaka-e-Taranum addressed him as Sarkar. There was one song he was particularly fond of and she would sing it for him, she told KH, “Saiyo ni mera mahi merey bhag jagawan aa gya”. The Romeo General would have been well advised to read the following description of his Nuri, written by incomparable Manto in Ganjay Farishtay: She had every single characteristic associated with the background from which she came. Everything about her was a put-in. She was flirtatious but not in a cultivated way. I was surprised at how Shaukat (her husband) who came from the heart of UP, could get along with this diehard peasant Punjabi girl. Twenty years after Manto wrote this, YK was getting along with his Nuri, while Gen Manekshaw was patiently waiting for the Hamalaya’s passes to close with snow, to ensure that China would not be able to move its army South. Lt Gen Azhar once spent a night at the Governor House Lahore. He was a guest of Gen Attiq-ur-Rahman, who was then posted as Governor Punjab. As the two met for breakfast the following morning, Gen Attiq asked his visitor whether he had had a comfortable night. Gen Azhar had not slept well; he had heard a lot of commotion at night from the room above his. And so he asked, “Who was staying in the room above mine?” An embarrassed Gen Attiq reported that it was YK, enjoying the company of some women friends. The year was 1971 and East Pakistan was sinking fast. Gen Hamid, Yahya’s COAS, ‘a despised intriguer widely disliked in the army’ according to Air Commodore Sajjad Haider, told his staff that any orders given by the President at night, should be verified the following day. An incident that has been reported by many later -- but suppressed at the time -- was that of YK urinating in the parking area of Persepolis where he had gone to attend the 2500 years celebration of the Persian Empire. Apparently, he had too much to drink and was unable to control his bladder; he relieved himself behind a bush. Back to the first picture of YK: I often wonder what was Majid Nizami of Nawai-e-Waqt thinking. He was carrying the legacy of his legendary brother Hamid Nizami. Nawa-e-Waqt was the most prestigious Urdu newspaper in the country that claimed--and probably still does-not to be afraid of telling the truth to the despot; perhaps he got carried away. It is hard to imagine that Nizami could exceed this folly. But this is precisely what he did: years later, he was to

confer the title of Mard-e-Hur—whatever that meant—upon one of the most despised and corrupt politicians of Pakistan. As I think about it, Nawa-e-Waqt was not the only newspaper that misled the nation in those troubled times. There were many others too who joined the bandwagon. Urdu Digest, a popular magazine of its time, published a moving article by Altaf Hasan Qureshi, Mohabbat ka zamzam beh raha hey. The whole nation was swept by hysteria of patriotism, misled by the print media and the government-controlled Radio and TV. Here is another mind-boggling thing: wherever you read, the retired military officers call Yahya Khan an outstanding officer. And yet, there is not a scrap of evidence to support it. Here is an excerpt from Flight of the Falcon, written by a real defender of Pakistan, Air Commodore, Syed Sajjad Haider; the 1st paragraph is about the 1965 war while the next concerns

There were hordes of other ill-reputed but attractive women, smoking, drinking and dancing all over the place. The police constabulary used to call the President House the Kanjar Khana, the Army GHQ the Dangar Khana… In Karachi, Gen Rani told the interrogators, the Shah of Iran, on a state visit, was getting late for his departure but the President would not come out of his bedroom in the Governor House. A very serious protocol problem had arisen but nobody could enter his bedroom. Gen Ishaq, MS to the President, requested Rani to go in and bring him out. When she entered the room, she claims that the most famous female singer of the country was performing oral sex on YK. Even Rani found it abhorring. She helped the President dress up and brought him out….. Yahya had several women to relax with…one evening he went to the residence of Mrs K.N. Hosain, widely known as ‘Black Beauty’….The President remained there for three days and

There is yet another picture of the defender that many would recall: YK is sitting next to ZAB; GIK is placing a document on the table for his signature; YK’s facial expression personifies dejection, humiliation and all. How far the mighty had fallen! Is there a better version of a modern Nero?

1971: Unfortunately, back on the ground, ‘Op Gibraltar’ petered out, resulting in total failure, while ‘Grand Slam’ came to a scratching halt. Major General Yahya Khan, the commander of 7 Div who had replaced Maj Gen Akhtar Malik did not launch the grand finale against Akhnur on the flimsy pretext that Gen Musa was not happy with the command communication system. His better and more valid excuse could have been that he neither had been associated with Akhtar Malik’s planning of the ‘Grand Slam’ nor was he familiar with the terrain. PAF was almost intact after flying over 3,000 operational missions and was ready for the blitzkrieg by Tikka Khan’s Second Corps. A paralyzed President (read YK) and his inept coterie were waiting for the American Pacific fleet to stop the Indians. YK successfully prevented a historic joint operation in the making which could have turned the tables and saved us from humiliation. But YK was too preoccupied with the likes of Nuri. While the young men were laying down their lives for Pakistan—among them a young Major Shabbir Sharif, from this writer’s home district---the Romeo General was busy ‘conquering the fort of Chataur’ as Manto once famously quipped. It is a myth also that YK handed over power to ZAB voluntarily after the fall of Dhaka; he was forced to do it once he was made aware of the impending coup at Mangla Garrison. The most revealing account of YK’s activities has been written by Ch Sardar, SP Police, Special Branch, Rawalpindi whose responsibilities included the security of the President. Here is his narrative: The President House was then quite a place, with all kinds of people. The president was a drunkard and a womanizer…..Then there were the pimps and prostitutes, some of whom enjoyed very high status. Aqleem Akhtar, Mrs K.N. Hosain and Laila Muzaffar were at the top.

nights without being available to anybody. On the fourth day, he took Mrs Hosain with him, lodged her in the State Guest House and permanently employed her as an interior decorator. Her husband was appointed as ambassador to Switzerland…when asked later why YK had stayed at her house for three days, she said she had been teaching him Bengali music! After the fall of Dhaka, YK declared on TV that the war will continue on the western front after ‘a temporary setback on the Eastern Sector’, as he put it. But the following day, he accepted a unilateral ceasefire announced by India. The reality had finally dawned on him. Having lost half the country, YK was now getting ready to announce a new constitution; the defender was making himself available to continue as President. Our nation should be eternally grateful to those courageous army officers at Mangla who, at great personal risk, helped us get rid of YK. They are the unsung heroes of Pakistan. Before leaving for Dhaka in March 1971, on that fateful meeting with Mujib—a meeting that effectively sealed the fate of East Pakistan— the following conversation took place between YK and Sardar Yousaf Chandio, a member of NA. The narrator is again, Ch Sardar, who heard it from a DSP on duty; the venue, a lake near Karachi, and the event, duck shooting: Yousaf: “Sain, what will happen now? The elections have thrown up a swine (Mujib) on one side and a hound (Bhutto) on the other.” YK: “Bachoo, don’t worry and just see the tamasha. I shall throw such a bait that either the swine will finish the hound or the hound will kill the swine. The lion will destroy both of them.” Some of YK’s proclamations remind one of an interesting character from the American Civil War: Before the battle of Chancellorsville, Gen Hooker who was commanding the army of the North, made a boisterous statement, “My plans are perfect. May God have mercy on Gen Lee (his opposing General) for I will have none.”

The following day, Hooker had suffered a crushing defeat and was relieved of command by Lincoln. YK, we are told, had been an instructor at Staff College Quetta. One wonders if he had taken the trouble of reading the chapter on The American Civil War. After Tikka Khan’s military action in March 1971, millions of refugees crossed in to West Bengal. Precisely in those times, what was the defender doing. Read on, the narrator is Ch Sardar: YK continued to indulge in his merrymaking. With one of his favorite women by his side, he would be out every night for a pleasure drive on the roads of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, duly escorted by my security guards. Sometimes he would stand up in his open-top car and deeply kiss the woman, in full view of the police escort following him. The armed guards resented intensely such behavior of the head of a Muslim state…YK’s abhorrent public display of debauchery was reported to IG Police; his response, “The President is burdened with so many serious problems and needs some relaxation.” Some relaxation! YK’s sympathizers often blame his advisers for having misled him. But who chose them? It was not that sane advice was not given; indeed it was, but was simply ignored. There were upright, well-informed people who begged him not to postpone the NA session at Dhaka: on Feb 27 1971, Gen Yaqoob and Adm Ahsan, who were serving in East Pakistan, told him that it will be most unwise to postpone the NA session. “A few weeks earlier, S. M. Ahsan had courageously refused to order Pakistani troops to open fire on striking Bengalis. He was replaced by Yaqoob who too rejected genocidal orders”, writes Stanley Wolpert. They were stunned when YK, surrounded by his whisky group, brushed aside their pleas. A letter by Podgorny, President of USSR that had suggested political settlement in East Pakistan, was unwisely ignored. The defender was in a hurry to ‘let loose his tigers’ on Bengalis, oblivious to how bleak the circumstances were in East Pakistan. Intoxicated by power, and surrounded by sycophants, YK once boasted that his war machine was better than India’s. And so, Gen Yaqoob was recalled from East Pakistan, demoted and retired from service. Years later, he was to distinguish himself as Pakistan’s ambassador in Washington. And who was sent by YK to defend East Pakistan at that critical moment? Gen Niazi: his first question to Gen Khadam Hussain Raja, who had come to receive him at the Dhaka airport was, “How many women do you have ready for me?” Just a few months later, Niazi was seen tamely handing over his revolver to Gen Arora; they had been course mates once. Years later, Niazi had the audacity to say that he was the most decorated General in the history of the world; he also compared himself to Gen Rommel and Tariq Bin Zayad in an interview with Sohail Warraich: there you have another defender of Pakistan. Now, fast forward to 1972: YK was in protective custody in Banni Bangla, a rest house near Kharian and was being escorted to the Sihala rest house to appear before the Hamoodur-Rahman Commission, by Ch Sardar, who has left this account for posterity: YK refused to travel back by helicopter and insisted on going by road…I was not prepared for that as it involved a great security risk…YK insisted on knowing the reason it was risky to travel by road. “Because people might lynch you,” I said. “Why people should be against me?” asked YK. “Because of defeat in East Pakistan.” YK’s response to this is one for the ages: “Am I a pariah? Did I touch the private parts of somebody’s female ass?” The actual statement was in Punjabi and presumably, more colorful. YK had his way and they started by road. At the Sihala railroad crossing, the car had to stop. YK was recognized by the passers-by, who started to throw stones on the car. YK was ashen faced and totally shaken up as if death was coming to him. Having seen his reaction, I offered to take him to Raja Bazar. He was trembling by now; so much for the brave soldier… finally, he was begging me to take him to Banni rest house where he came up with another request; he wanted to be shifted to YAHYA, P29


P24 – PAKISTAN LINK – MAY 30, 2014


French Author Becomes an Urdu Novelist after Coming to Pakistan

renchman Julien Columeau came to Pakistan at the age of 30 as a humanitarian worker – but a knack for languages and love for books have made him one of the country’s most innovative Urdu novelists.

Writing mainly historical fiction with a prose described as vivid and forceful, critics say that Columeau, now 41, has injected fresh life into the literary scene. His works have featured at the country’s most prominent literature festivals with three novels published and more in the pipeline. Originally from Marseilles, Columeau left France to study Hindi in India in 1993, but quickly grew disillusioned with the “clerical” form of the language he was being made to learn, and switched to Urdu two years later. “I learnt it on my own – by then I was conversant in Hindi so there was a book which was about how to transliterate Urdu to Hindi,” he told AFP. “Then I was practicing my reading. After about one year I was able to read books,” he said. He later moved to Pakistan with the International Committee of the Red Cross where he worked primarily as a translator in troubled areas. Columeau’s first Urdu short story, ‘Zalzala‘, or “earthquake”, came out after the catastrophic quake of 2005 and was set between a girls’ school in Azad Kashmir and an apartment tower in Islamabad. But it was when he turned his attention to Pakistan’s iconic 20th century poets that Columeau’s writing came into his own. He became fascinated with 1950s poet Saghar Siddiqui, who fell into ruin and destitution and acquired a saint-like following among common people before his early death. “I wanted to explore why he became a malang (a wandering mystic) despite the fact he was a successful poet and wrote songs for movies,” Columeau said of his first novel, Saghar. “I used the gaps in his biography in order to construct my own fiction.” After his death Siddiqui’s legend grew and a shrine was built for him in the eastern city of


f you want people to read your book, you have to be more than a talented storyteller or researcher – you will need plenty of persistence, says Darlene Quinn, a 75-year-old award-winning novelist whose passion for the written word trumped her lucrative position as a top executive at the legendary Bullocks Wilshire department stores.

“Sometimes an author has it easy; either they’re already a celebrity, or their name has been widely reported in a major public scandal – or both – but not even those criteria guarantee readership,” says Quinn, author of “Unpredictable Webs”, (, the newest in her stand-alone series of suspense-filled dramatic novels. “Many authors will tell you just don’t get into the book-writing business, because writing something that people will want to read is challenge enough. Then you face the daunting process of getting people to buy it!” She offers these tips for getting your book in front of the masses – and enticing them to buy it. • Draw on the strengths that helped you meet previous challenges: Quinn found professional footing decades ago, in a time when

Frenchman Julien Columeau reading an Urdu novel at a bookstore in Lahore

Lahore, now mostly frequented by the working class and those looking for blessings and inspiration – including Columeau himself. His second book on vagabond street poet Mira Jee was positively reviewed by 90-year-

“His expression – it goes beyond what we normally say,” said Husain. Over the past decade or so, Pakistani English-language writers have become increasingly prominent and have helped expose

“You have a lot of people from Asia and Africa whose mother tongue is not a Western language but who write Western languages. The opposite you don’t really get to see. I would encourage more people to do that” old Intizar Husain, widely seen as the greatest living Urdu writer, who is hailed for his works around partition and the 10-year dictatorship of Zia-ul-Haq. Husain told AFP that Columeau’s prose – which includes explicit sex scenes and details drug abuse - was a break from Urdu literature’s usual euphemistic style.

their country on the world stage with works like Mohsin Hamid’s The Reluctant Fundamentalist – which became a Hollywood film – and Mohammed Hanif ’s A Case of Exploding Mangoes. Urdu is renowned for its beauty and poetry, but its literature has diminished in recent years and become primarily the domain of the

country’s less visible lower-middle classes. In addition to pushing boundaries in terms of acceptable prose, Columeau has also been willing to tackle hot-button subjects such as sectarian violence between Sunnis and Shias. His third novel, Martyr Munir Jaffry, concerns a firebrand Shia preacher whose father is killed by militants. The book is written as a stream of consciousness with references to the Battle of Karbala, a seminal event in Shia history that many modern adherents view as a metaphor for present-day tragedies. His latest collection of short stories meanwhile feature a cast of eclectic characters: a militant who later becomes a brutal pimp, an evangelical Islamic preacher from Kashmir who ends up lost in the jungles of the Amazon where he has gone to convert tribes, and a young Baloch insurgent who migrates to France after a series of tragedies. It may sound difficult to pull off with authenticity, but Columeau proves himself up to the task – perhaps informed by his travels around the country for the ICRC meeting people from marginalized backgrounds. “Nobody gets Pakistan’s sub cultures like he does. Riveting,” Hanif, the English-language author tweeted about the collection in January. His publisher and editor Amjad Saleem said that Columeau’s status as an outsider looking in may be an advantage. “There is a difference of civilization, so Julian’s observations about Pakistani society, his ways of understanding it and expressing it, are fascinating things for us,” he said. Initially regarded as a novelty for being a foreigner writing in Urdu, Columeau says he used to feel patronized by some readers. “That was an obstacle I had to overcome. The fact that people would not tell me about my book, its structure, its quality or defects, they would tell me about my language,” he said. Now he says he hopes to turn stereotypes on their head. “You have a lot of people from Asia and Africa whose mother tongue is not a Western language but who write Western languages. The opposite you don’t really get to see. I would encourage more people to do that.” - AFP

Top-Selling Indie Author Shares 4 Tips for Marketing Your Book it was rare for women to rise to executive positions. After earning a bachelor’s at San Jose State University, she became a schoolteacher. She later climbed her way up to working as a department store executive during a time of tremendous upheaval in the retail fashion industry. The tenacity and perseverance required to achieve that dream served her well when she fixed on another dream – writing – late in life. She sharpened her writing chops by penning articles for trade journals, magazines and newspapers. • Book awards: Simply entering your book in a contest gives it some exposure. Should it be selected for an award, you’ve got a great marketing tool that can open doors otherwise closed to you. Awards sticker or seals, which can be added to the book cover, can help persuade book stores to carry it. The press release announcing winners of local, national or international book awards also trigger Google Alerts, positively increasing exposure. Announcements of winners prior to publication alert avid readers to upcoming releases. • Book awards II: Do your research; make sure that the contest is well-established and legit. Read the rules, and if at all possible, research

the judges who will be reviewing the books. Try to avoid contests that have high entry fees and those that

(sponsored by USA Book News) are just a few respectable contests that meet these criteria. There are also

“Sometimes an author has it easy; either they’re already a celebrity, or their name has been widely reported in a major public scandal – or both – but not even those criteria guarantee readership,” says Darlene Quinn appear to be non-discriminating. National and international contests such as the Indie Book Awards, Writers Digest Book Awards, USA Best Book Awards Reader’s Favorites, and International Best Book Award

many legitimate regional and local book contests to consider. • Quality in every respect: With power comes responsibility. In the past, the only real hope an author had of being read by anyone beyond

his or her immediate family was going through a major publisher. Today, authors can take production matters into their own hands with self- or independent publishing, which may lead to a contract with a major book company. Either way, a writer should ensure quality in every aspect -- from the plot and characters, to the cover art, design and paper. Make sure the book is edited by an objective professional. About Darlene Quinn: Darlene Quinn is an author and journalist from Long Beach, Calif., whose novels about deceit, intrigue and glamour in the retail fashion industry were inspired by her years with Bullocks Wilshire specialty department stores. Her newest, Unpredictable Webs, is the winner of the Beverly Hills Book Awards for Excellence in Fiction and was selected as the number-one President’s choice before publication. The novel continues her series, including Webs of Fate, which won the 2011 Reader’s Favorites Award before it hit bookshelves; Webs of Power, winner of a 2009 National Indie Excellence Award, and Twisted Webs, winner of the 2011 International Book Award for General Fiction and the 2011 National Indie Excellence Awards for General Fiction.


MAY30, 30, 2014 2014 â&#x20AC;&#x201C;- PAKISTAN LINKLINK â&#x20AC;&#x201C; P25 MAY PAKISTAN

Management Committee Backs Constitution Pakistan Demands Disciplinary Action Against Stuart Broad

LAHORE: Pakistan Cricket Board has decided to take disciplinary action against the English bowler, Stuart Broad, who has recently come under the spotlight after he directly pointed out at Saeed Ajmal's bowling action. Ajmal's bowling style has been challenged over the years, but after a test was run, it was decided that he is clear and should be allowed to bowl. However, Stuart Broad claimed on Twitter that a bowler bowls differently in a lab, as compared to taking wickets in the middle of an inning. This took the attention of not

only the media, but also Saeed Ajmal, who is now disrupted over the comments which have flooded under this post. Pakistan Cricket Board claims that since Ajmal is currently clear because of his action, no other player should be allowed to directly target him. This is the reason why the Pakistani board has written a letter to England and Wales Cricket Board. Pakistan wants to inquire about the action which they are going to take against their bowler, who has made false claims against the Pakistani spinner. J

Younis Khan Wants to Retire on His Own Terms

The sixth meeting presided by Sethi included other members such as Shaharyar Khan, Shakil Shaikh, Zaheer Abbas, Iqbal Qasim and Chief Operating Officer Subhan Ahmad.

KARACHI: The Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) Management Committee (MC) has unanimously endorsed Chairman Najam Sethi's request to approve the board's new constitution and conduct elections as soon as possible. It should be mentioned here that the PCB has already sent the new constitution to the Inter-Provincial Coordination (IPC) ministry for approval. "The MC members have unanimously endorsed Sethi's request to the IPC ministry to promulgate the new democratic PCB constitution at the earliest and subsequently conduct the elections without delay," decided the MC after their meeting in Lahore. The sixth meeting, headed by Sethi, included other members comprising Shaharyar Khan, Shakil Shaikh, Zaheer Abbas, Iqbal Qasim and Chief Operating Officer Subhan Ahmad. In another development, the MC members also took note of the out-

standing arrears of approximately Rs20 million detailed in the internal audit report for the period Zaka Ashraf in charge. They have authorised Sethi to make inquiries and attempt to enforce recoveries. The MC also unanimously approved health insurance and other benefits for the board's contractual employees, which are currently only available to permanent employees of the PCB. Instability hurting our cricket badly: Sethi With the Supreme Court (SC) hearing scheduled to take place Tuesday, Sethi feels that the current instability in the PCB is damaging Pakistan cricket. "Instability in the PCB is hurting our cricket badly," Sethi told The Express Tribune. "Our contracts and international commitments are constantly being written up and torn apart by successive PCB managements or annulled by the courts." Answering a question related to bringing back international cricket to

Pakistan, he replied that the board has opened discussions with a couple of countries to sort out security concerns. "We wrote to Sri Lanka Cricket (SLC) as soon as we read about their president's views. I think we have to visibly improve the security situation before any major international team can accept our invitation." 'I'm ready to fight the case' Ashraf has vowed to become a direct party in the case which will be heard in the SC recently, while he has also denied allegations of corruption and outstanding arrears against him. He added that the MC meeting is in contempt of the court as the SC has issued a stay order and his lawyers will file a case against Sethi. He further said that if the IPC was found involved as well, they would be nominated in the contempt. "It's in contempt of the court to call an MC meeting and my lawyers will file a case against it," said Ashraf. "I'm ready fight the case one on one against Sethi." J

LAHORE: Younis Khan, the Pakistan batsman, hopes to revive his ODI career ahead of the 2015 World Cup and aims to retire on his own terms rather than be dropped for good by the selectors. Younis last played an ODI in March 2013, and a Twenty20 international in December 2010, but he remains a regular in the Test team. "Whatever format I played I always tried to give my best," Younis said during the ongoing

but managed to find a place on the tour of India and the ODIs in South Africa. However, after making only 190 runs in eight innings at an average of 23.75 and strike rate of 67.37, Younis was left out of the Champions Trophy squad and not found a way back since. Younis is among the fittest Pakistan players, according to Mohammad Akram, who is running the Lahore camp. Younis was optimistic about his ODI future and

training camp in Lahore. "But I don't have a long-term goal that I want to play the 2015 or 2019 World Cup, my desire is to play as much cricket and keep up my role-model performance. A player like me, who has played 14-15 years of top cricket and played all forms of cricket, his career shouldn't be ended like being classified as only a Test player. "My desire is to walk away on my own conditions, playing in every form of game I am available to play, rather than being dropped. I obviously want commit myself to playing ODIs and whenever I get a chance I surely would like to grab the opportunity to play the World Cup." Younis' ODI form took a downturn during the 2012 tour of Sri Lanka, where he was left out of the fifth match of a series that Pakistan lost 1-3. Younis had made only 10 runs in three innings in that series,

hoped to use the rigourous training camp to get the selectors' attention. He felt he had another two years at top level. "I might play for the next 10 years, but it's all about time and hunger for the game," Younis said. "I am almost in the fourteenth year of my career and it's very difficult to maintain your top performance playing at top level. After all, we are human and we can't maintain the much needed consistency, and sometime you lose interest. "Such camps actually are very important to know yourself inside out - understand where you stand, what is the fitness level and how much we need to improve. It is good to get a window in international cricket. We unfortunately have lost the home advantage and mostly are on tours, hence no time for such extensive camps. So I took the opportunity to get myself tuned." J

PCB to Probe $200,000 That Went 'Missing' During Zaka Ashraf's Tenure

LAHORE: Pakistan's cricket chiefs recently began an inquiry into the spending of $200,000, which they said was not accounted for during the tenure of former chairman Zaka Ashraf. The spending relates to Ashraf's rocky 22-month tenure, during which time he was suspended by the Islamabad High Court before being restored to the post twice and finally sacked again. The musical chairs at the top of the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB), which has seen the chairmanship

alternate between Ashraf and veteran journalist Najam Sethi, has led to widespread ridicule both at home and abroad. According to a board statement. "The management committee took note of the outstanding arrears of approximately 20 million rupees detailed in the internal audit report for the period Ashraf was chairman," the statement said, adding the committee would attempt to recover the sum. Ashraf was first appointed chairman in October 2011 but later

suspended by a court over dubious elections. After a new national government took office in 2013, Ashraf fell out of favour. He lost his post for a third time after a Supreme Court order last week which restored Sethi, an appointee of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. The case will be heard at length in the Supreme Court on Tuesday. The internal audit report, a copy of which was seen by AFP, shows several unaccounted ticket purchases during Pakistan's 201213 tour of India and during the Champion's Trophy in England in June last year. "Tickets worth of 759,047Rupees ($7,600 dollars) were bought by the PCB and there is no record of whom they were given to. Another 2.5 million Rupees ($25,000) were spent during the Champions Trophy 2013 on tickets, again without records of the beneficiaries," the report stated. With international cricket teams refusing to play in Pakistan since an attack on the Sri Lankan team bus in Lahore in 2009, the PCB has been hard pressed for income. Ashraf has denied any wrongdoing and termed the allegations "a smear campaign". J


P26 – PAKISTAN LINK – MAY 30, 2014

Gifts of Appreciation Assets n By Saghir Aslam Irvine, CA

(The following information is provided solely to educate the Muslim community about investing and financial planning. It is hoped that the ummah will benefit from this effort through greater financial empowerment, enabling the community to live in security and dignity and fulfill their religious and moral obligations towards charitable activities) Making gifts of appreciated property is an extremely attractive proposition for many donors. In many instances, the donor can deduct the full fair market value of his or her gift if the charity uses the property or securities in a way related to its exempt purpose. The result is that the donor may avoid paying any capital gains tax on the appreciation of the gifted property or securities. For nonprofit organizations, though, noncash gifts can sometimes be a double-edged sword. While your organization welcomes these gifts, noncash donations required more record keeping than cash gifts and are open to greater scrutiny by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). You should check with your accountant before donating any of the appreciated assets. It is important for a donor and recipient both to check with the proper professionals. Let’s take a look at some of the more common types of noncash donations and their tax treatments. Ordinary Income Property Ordinary income property is property that would produce gain other than long-term capital gain if it were sold by the door instead of conLINK FROM P4

a book, The Ornament of the World. This literary gem is a must-read for everyone interested in knowledge and Islam. ) How many public libraries do we have in Pakistan today? How valued are the books there? How much do we read? Can all of us read? Simultaneously, the Abbasids (750-1258) who were rivals of the aforementioned Andalusian Umayyads, painstakingly constructed a parallel center for knowledge in Baghdad and called it ‘The House of Wisdom’ (Bait al hikma or Khizanat al kutub al-hikma). This served as an academy, library, translation center, and in many ways, an early form of university. It hosted Muslim and non-Muslim scholars who sought to translate and gather the cumulative knowledge of human history. It was a major intellectual hub of the world, thriving and giving to our shared world its own gems of wisdom and knowledge. Baghdad became the world’s most important center for science, philosophy, medicine, and education. In ‘The House of Wisdom’ works by Euclid, Archimedes, Aristotle, Ptolemy and numerous other classical thinkers from all over the world were found in bits and pieces and translated into Arabic. The Greek knowledge they amassed was not just translated blindly, but reformed, critiqued, and an alternative science emerged in the Islamic world. (Dr George Saliba, in 1001 Inventions, p. 188). During the reign of al-Ma’mun, astronomical observatories were set up, and ‘The House of Wisdom’

tributed to charity. Business inventory is one example of ordinary income property. Works of art created by the donor or manuscripts created by the donor and capital assets the donor has owned for a year or less are other examples. A donor’s deduction for a gift of ordinary income property generally is limited to the donor’s basis in the property-the amount paid to acquire or produce the property. In the case of business property, the deduction generally would be reduced by the profit the donor could have made if the item has been sold during the normal course of business. Additional limits apply to property donations made by a regular “C” corporation. Tangible Personal Property To receive full tax benefits for gifts of tangible personal property, donors should make their gifts with the nonprofit organization’s exempt purpose in mind. If the donated property is used by the nonprofit to further its stated charitable purpose, the donor generally can claim a deduction for the property’s current full fair market value. Otherwise, the deduction is limited to the donor’s basis in the property. Real Estate The tax treatment of gifts of real estate depends on whether the became an unrivaled center for the study of humanities and science, including mathematics, astronomy, medicine, chemistry, zoology, and geography. Drawing on the ancient wisdom amassed by Greek, Indian, and Persian texts, the scholars accumulated an impressive collection of world knowledge, and propagated further discoveries. By mid-9th Century ‘The House of Wisdom’ was the largest repository of books in the world. Scholars of all creeds and cultures came here to understand and appreciate the value of knowledge and it was a time when erudition was valued greater than gold. Think about this, dear people of thought (ahl-e-aql), Ptolemy’s Almagest, the most influential scientific texts of all time, was claimed as a condition for peace after a war between the Abbasids and the Byzantine Empire. From this book, the caliph’s scholars drew the first maps of the world. In the 9th century Al-Khwarizmi regarded as the Chief of Mathematics, wrote the first book on Arabic numerals. Expanding upon Greek mathematical concepts, he developed Algebra in his book Kitab al muktasar fi hisb al jabr wal muqbalah, which has become the foundation for the principles of Modern Algebra. Even the word ‘algorithm’ without which no computer scientist can function, is derived from a corruption of Al-Khwarizmi’s name. Moreover, scholars calculated the earth’s circumference, made maps of the earth, used astrolabes to measure the sun’s altitude,

property is unencumbered or encumbered real estate. Essentially, a gift of unencumbered real estate is treated like any other gift of appreciated property; the gift is considered complete when the title to the property is transferred to the charitable organization. Gifts of property encumbered by a mortgage or other debt are more complicated. The gift generally will be treated as both a sale and a gift, which will reduce the amount of the donor’s charitable deduction and generate capital gain taxable to the donor. You should consult your legal and tax advisors before contemplating any significant charitable gift, but professional advice is imperative for gifts of real estate. For an investment property, recapture of accelerated depreciation is a concern and should also be reviewed by your legal and tax advisors. Additionally, for most gifts described in this article, the donor will need a qualified appraisal to validate their income tax charitable deduction. Getting an appraisal and consulting with your professionals before donating is a must. (Saghir A. Aslam only explains strategies and formulas that he has been using. He is merely providing information, and NO ADVICE is given. Mr. Aslam does not endorse or recommend any broker, brokerage firm, or any investment at all, or does he suggest that anyone will earn a profit when or if they purchase stocks, bonds or any other investments. All stocks or investment vehicles mentioned are for illustrative purposes only. Mr. Aslam is not an attorney, accountant, real estate broker, stockbroker, investment advisor, or certified financial planner. Mr. Aslam does not have anything for sale.) deciphered the direction of Mecca, and learnt to tell time. Scholars of the likes of Al-Kindi revolutionized mathematics and synthesized Greek philosophy with Islamic thought. Al-Biruni and Abu Nasr Mansur among many others made important contributions to geometry and astronomy. Ibn al-Haytham contributed significantly to the field of optics, and was credited with developing the concept of the scientific method. These works provided fundamental foundational theoretical material as well as inspiration for many European scholars during the Enlightenment and Renaissance. As a rival of Baghdad, Abd al Rehman III & Hasdai his wazir (second in command) had gained for Cordoba the title of “most civilized place on earth” (Rosa, 2002, p. 86). Muslim Spain has been described as a “first-rate” culture spearheading broad-mindedness and scientific inquiry, with the level of religious freedom prevalent at the time at par with a modern tolerant state today. From the earliest days, The Umayyads strove to be recognized as intellectual rivals to the Abbasids; and for Córdoba to have libraries and educational institutions to outshine Baghdad. Yet, despite the tangible contention between the two powers, there was freedom to travel among their lands, which helped spread new ideas and innovations over time. These models belong to mainstream Muslim societies and their leaders were seen widely as the protectors and representatives of LINK, P29

Clean Drinking Water

Hidaya Foundation installs Water Hand Pumps in villages and rural areas where clean water would otherwise not be available. The average cost of installing a hand pump (at depth of 130ft or less), along with maintenance of the hand pump for 5 years is approximately $300. Donate online: By Mail: Hidaya Foundation, PO Box 5481, Santa Clara, CA 95056 Call us to sign up for Automatic Monthly Donation

Hidaya Foundation 866.2.HIDAYA |

Hidaya Foundation is a non-profit 501 (c)(3) charitable organization with Tax ID # 77-0502583

Exchange Rates for Currency Notes* Countries

Selling Rs.

USA S.Arabia UK Japan Euro UAE

Buying Rs.

999.65 26.40 166.95 0.9600 135.30 27.00

99.85 26.60 167.15 0.9700 135.50 27.20

(*May 28, 2014)


For Pakistan, Bangladesh & India Compiled by Hasan Chishti


Pakistan/Bangla Desh



1 Unmarried sons & daughters of U.S. Citizens

March 8, 2007

Match 8, 2007

2-A Spouses and unmarried children of permanent residents

Sept., 8, 2013

Sept., 8, 2013

2-B Unmarried sons & daughters (21 years of age or older) of permanent residents

Feb., 1, 2007

Feb., 1, 2007





Married sons & daughters of U.S. citizens

Sept., 1, 2003

Sept., 1, 2003

Brothers & sisters of adult U.S citizens

Dec., 8, 2001

Dec., 8 , 2001


Priority workers



2nd Members of the professions holding advanced degree or persons of exceptional ability


Nov. 15, 2004

3rd Skilled workers Other workers

Oct., 1, 2012 Oct. 1, 2012

Oct., 1, 2003 Oct.. 1, 2003


Current Current

Current Current



Certain special immigrants Certain religious workers

5th Employment creation Targeted Employment Areas/ Regional Centers and Pilot Programs UNLIMITED FAMILY-BASED

Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizens (IR): The spouse, widow(er) and unmarried children under 21 of a U.S. citizen, and the parent of a U.S. citizen who is 21 or older. Returning Residents (SB): Immigrants who lived in the United States previously as lawful permanent residents and are returning to live in the U.S. after a temporary visit of more than one year abroad.


n By Dr Muzammil H. Siddiqi

MAY 30, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P27

Gems from the Holy Qur’an

Seven Great Characters

From the translation by Muhammad Asad (Leopold Weiss)


bu Hurairah reported that the Prophet - peace be upon him - said, “Allah will cover seven people with His shade, on the Day when there will be no shade but His: a just ruler, a youth who has been brought up in the worship of Allah, a man whose heart is attached to the mosques, two persons who love each other only for Allah’s sake and they meet and part in Allah’s cause only, a man who refuses the call of a beautiful and rich woman for illicit relation with her and says: I am afraid of Allah, a man who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given, and a person who remembers Allah while he is alone and his eyes are flooded with tears.”

(Al-Bukhari, Hadith 620) We all need Allah’s shade. To be under Allah’s shade is to be protected by Him and be blessed by Him. We need His shade in this life and in the Hereafter. It is mentioned that the Day of Judgment will be a very hard and difficult Day. On that everyone will be worried and will try to find some protection and shade; but there will be no shade on that Day except the special shade of Allah. This shade will be granted to seven special types of people:

1. A just ruler or a just leader: It could be any person who has some authority and he/she uses this authority with justice and fairness without any favoritism or prejudice. Justice is the command of God for all people; but the most critical is the doing of justice when one has power and authority. More difficult , of course, is dealing justly with those who show hate and animosity towards you. A just person, especially a just leader or ruler, is given number one place in this list of seven.

(Recently, a media talk show host, well known for his anti-Muslim bias, saw it fit to make scornful remarks against the Qur’an on TV. In these columns, selections from this Holy Book will be published, so that unacquainted readers of the Pakistan Link may be able to judge for themselves. Translator’s notes will be added and identified where necessary.)

of Allah from the tender young age has special blessings. Many people become devoted to Allah when they grow old. In the old age when the body becomes weak, people start paying attention to the spirit. However, to be conscious of one’s spirit and growing up as a youth in the obedience of Allah brings a special honor and blessings. 3. A person whose heart is connected to the Masjid: Literally it says that the heart is hanging (mu’allaq) in the masjid. Imam Malik explained that it was a person who when he leaves the Masjid, looks forward to coming back again soon. Normally people’s hearts are attached to their jobs, business and home. Masjid is not the priority for many people. However, those who love the House of Allah and keep it as their priority are the blessed people and they shall receive the special favor of Allah.

should be friendly to all people and deal with all people in a kind and courteous manner. However, the friendship for the sake of Allah, for the reasons of piety and goodness is a very blessed friendship. This is

To be conscious of one’s spirit and growing up as a youth in the obedience of Allah brings a special honor and blessings

a sincere friendship and when two or more people become attached 4. Two people loving each to each other for Allah’s sake they other for the sake of Allah: One bring a lot of good to themselves and to those around them. This House Is Fabulous! This is a kind of friendship that Hills, City & Mountain Views generates goodImpressive Grand Entrance ness in the world Flowing & Open Floor Plan and is especially 4 Bedrooms with 2 Masters. blessed by Allah. Media Room, Office, Wet Bar, Living/Dining Room, Family 5. A person of solid moral Room, Amazing Kitchen. Wall character: The space galore to display your Prophet gave an favorite art. Very Private, example of this Perfect for Entertaining! solid character. Offered for Sale $1,285,000 He said a man 12342 Circula Panorama, North Tustin, CA tempted for ilWe Are Committed to Providing licit relationship Sylvia & Nina Our Clients With Outstanding by a woman who Service and Results is beautiful and rich, influential 714.400.8445 or of a prestigious email: family (the word Sylvia Hurtado BRE#01226343 Nina Haro BRE#00877210 “mansab” means all these things As an added bonus, as your listing and/or selling agent, we will donate $500 to the charity of in Arabic) and your choice from our agent’s compensation when your real estate transaction closes. he refuses. Imam

2. A young person growing up in the worship of Allah: Worship of Allah is good for all people at any age and time; but the worship

Ibn Hajar says that this is not limited to a man only who is tempted by a woman; it equally applies to a woman who may be tempted by a man who is very beautiful, powerful and rich and she refuses and says “I fear Allah.” It requires a lot of moral strength to refuse temptation when the other partner is attractive, rich,and not only consenting but persuasive. Those who have such a strong character they are indeed under the protection of Allah. 6. A person of charity who does not show off his/her charity: A person gives charity in such a way that even his left hand does not know what his right hand has done. This is a very powerful and beautiful way to say that a person gives quietly, discreetly and with sincerity. His/her purpose is not to show off, seek publicity, name or fame; but only to please Allah. This is the highest kind of charity and it has a special reward and blessing from Allah. 7. A person who remembers Allah privately with eyes filled with tears: Thinking of Allah, repeating His Beautiful Names, thanking Him and praising Him, these are the ways to remember (dhikr) Allah. Doing the “dhikr” alone in one’s privacy, when no one is watching, with moving heart and tearful eyes is a sign of sincere faith and deep love of Allah. Those who have the love of Allah, they are indeed under His shade and protection. All these seven characters are deeply moral and spiritual characters. They indicate a person’s faith and sincere commitment. They are related to feeling, thinking, speaking and action. These are true characters of sincere believers. We pray to Allah to bless us with these characters and with his shade in this world and also in the Hereafter. Ameen. (Repeated)

Chapter 12, Verses 109-111 And even before thy time, [O Prophet], We never sent [as Our apostles] any but [mortal] men, whom We inspired, [and whom We always chose] from among the people of the [very] communities [to whom the message was brought] [ 1 ]. Have then, they, [who reject this divine writ] never journeyed about the earth and beheld what happened in the end to those [deniers of the truth] who lived before them? – and [do they not know that] to those who are conscious of God the life in the hereafter is indeed better [than this world]? Will they not, then, use their reason? [All the earlier apostles had to suffer persecution for a long time;] but at last – when those apostles had lost all hopes and saw themselves branded as liars – Our succour attained to them: whereupon everyone whom We willed [to be saved] was saved [and the deniers of truth were destroyed]: for, never can Our punishment be averted from people who are lost in sin. Indeed, in the stories of these men there is a lesson for those who are endowed with insight. [As for this revelation,] it could not possibly be a discourse invented [by man]: nay indeed, it is [a divine writ] confirming the truth of whatever there still remains [of earlier revelations], clearly spelling out everything, and [offering] guidance and grace unto people who will believe. Chapter 13, Verses 10-11 It is all alike [to Him] whether any of you conceals his thought or brings it into the open, and whether he seeks to hide [his evil deeds] under the cover of night or walks [boldly] in the light of day, [thinking that] he has a host of helpers – both such as can be perceived by him and such as our hidden from him – that could preserve him from whatever God may have willed. Verily, God does not change men’s condition unless they change their inner selves; and when God wills people to suffer evil [in consequence of their own deeds], there is none who can avert it: for they have none who could protect them from Him. Chapter 13, Verse 15 And before God prostrate themselves, willingly or unwillingly, all [things and beings] that are in the heavens and on earth, as do their shadows in the mornings and the evenings. ____________________ Translator’s Notes [ 1 ] This is an answer to the objection that often raised by unbelievers that a mortal man like themselves could not have been entrusted with God’s message to man.


P28 – PAKISTAN LINK – MAY 30, 2014

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Abbotabad. On being asked, why, YK said, “I do not like this place as it is full of jackals and they howl too much at night.” “A good company, Sir,” I replied. The day after the fall of Dhaka, Roedad Khan, the Managing Director of PTV, called on Nurul Amin, the Vice President. This is what Roedad writes in his memoirs: I had never seen Nurul Amin, a true Pakistani and a great patriot, in such an angry mood. He had been trying in vain to meet the President for two days. I contacted YK on the green line and arranged a meeting that very evening. YK asked me to accompany Nurul Amin to the President House. When we got there, Gen Hamid was already there and they were all—you guessed it—having drinks. Nurul Amin burst out and told the President, “So Dhaka has fallen and East Pakistan is gone, and you are enjoying whisky”…YK put the entire blame on Mujib. It was one of the most painful meetings I have ever attended. There is yet another picture of the defender that many would recall: YK is sitting next to ZAB; GIK is placing a document on the table for his signature; YK’s facial expression personifies dejection, humiliation and all. How far the mighty had fallen! Is there a better version of a modern Nero? Literature cited 1. Rearview Mirror by Khalid Hasan 2. Flight of the Falcon by Air Commodore Sajjad Haider 3. Zulfi Bhutto of Pakistan by Stanley Wolpert 4. Jernaloon kee Siasat by Sohail Warraich 5. Pakistan: A dream gone sour by Roedad Khan 6. The Ultimate Crime by Sardar Chaudhary 7. The Civil War by Col. Trevor Dupuy (The writer is a physician in Williamsport, PA and can be reached at CRIMEA FROM P8

long, from St. Petersburg to Crimea, traversing forbidding terrain that would take six months on horsedrawn carriages to accomplish. Some fascinating details of her travel are narrated in the book, The Great Upheaval, by Jay Winik (2007, HarperCollins Publishers). Catherine was accompanied by a convoy of 2,300 people, including security guards, doctors, footmen, cooks, chambermaids and ladies in waiting. Winik describes the splendor of the procession as follows: “Her carriage, drawn by ten magnificent horses, was furnished with cushioned benches and tables and was so massive that a man could stand up in it.” The grand procession finally arrived at Crimea, and an exultant empress, following a long-tradition of the victorious, decided to sleep in the ancient palace of the Khans, the Bakhchisarai, a marvel of beautiful architecture that exquisitely blended the Moorish and Turkish styles, with water fountains irrigating the lush gardens, with rose, jasmine and orange trees exuding an aura of the exotic East. A shrewd ruler, Catherine maneuvered to win the favor of her new subjects, inviting local Imams and muftis and showering them with attention and expensive gifts. Catherine the Great had finally won Crimea, but this is the closest she would come to Constantinople

MAY 30, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P29 and realizing her dream of placing her grandson on the Ottoman throne. LINK FROM P26

the Muslim ummah. We have all these larger than life role models and we must ask ourselves - how close we are to our ideals? As Pakistan painstakingly moves towards its Millennium Goals, we must keep in mind the UN Declaration of Human Rights Article 26 (A): “Education should be directed to the full development of the human personality and to strengthening respect for human rights…it shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups…(in order to maintain) peace”; and Article 27, “everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and share in the scientific advancements and its benefits”. The scientific advancements and benefits that Andalusian Spain and Abbasid Baghdad gave our shared world remind me of a Qur’anic verse that fits here beautifully: “Each community has its own direction in which it turns: then strive together (as in a race) towards all that is good” (Qur’an: 2:148). Indeed, for educated Andalusians of all faiths, their world was that of civilization and light and their life a glorious journey to acquire knowledge and share it to benefit our world. At the end of the day, the Book (of God) inspired the desire to learn and shone the light of knowledge in a world of “darkness.” This led to inclusiveness and respect for the Other and brought forth the renaissance or rebirth. God is light/ noor upon light/noor – as Pakistanis, it is well to remind ourselves of Iqbal’s famous line, “ilm kee shamma se ho mujhko mohabbat ya Rab”. (Dr Amineh Ahmed Hoti is Executive Director of the Center for Dialogue and Action at FCC, Lahore and is a Fellow-Commoner of Lucy Cavendish College, University of Cambridge. This theme is from her class at FCC on ‘Ahl-e-Aql and Ahle-Kitaab’) KASHMIR FROM P11

leadership for talks whenever any top dignitaries from Pakistan, prime ministers and presidents included, visited India. Almost all top Kashmiri leaders have denied receiving any invitation from the Pakistani High Commission this time around. Kashmir’s head priest and chairman of a faction of Hurriyat Conference Mirwaiz Umar has supported the Nawaz-Narendra meeting and has urged both leaders to move boldly towards a final settlement of the dispute. On the other hand, Kashmir’s popular octogenarian resistance leader Syed Ali Shah Geelani has not attached any hopes with the event. Moreover, hardline Pakistan based Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD) chief Hafiz Saeed has criticised Sharif for meeting Modi and has termed his move as a “betrayal” against the cause of Kashmiris. There are, however, some Kashmiri voices that remain optimistic. “Pakistan is engaging with Hindu India for the first time. By inviting the Saarc heads, Narendra Modi has indicated that he sees the forum as a window of opportunity and hope. There is a chance of resolving disputes, but how Modi moves forward remains to be seen,” said Peerzada Ashiq, a Kashmiri journalist

who works for India’s leading daily Hindustan Times. In his latest column, Dr Sheikh Showkat Hussain — expert in international law and associate professor at the Central University of Kashmir — wrote: “‘Modi’-ficaton of India has several positives for Kashmir resistance. Kashmiris, now, do not need to convince the world that they are subjugated under a fascist set-up because the notoriety of Modi and the Hindutva forces is too obvious to need any introduction.” Dr Sheikh further articulated that in the past, governments in New Delhi would project coalition politics as one of the main impediments towards the resolution of Kashmir; but, Modi doesn’t have any baggage of coalition compulsions to use them as a pretext for deferring the resolution of Kashmir. The flip side, however, is the background of Modi and that makes many wary and suspicious of him. A young Kashmiri engineer, Zahid Umar, expressed his view on a social networking site in a rather interesting manner: “The Prime Ministers of two neighboring countries are meeting and I don’t know why we, Kashmiris, are attaching so much hope, and speculating on a private affair between our two neighbors.” HDF FROM P19

presentation by Dr Aifra Ahmed. Hers was a post-personal visit narrative on HDF projects in Pakistan. But her observations went far beyond the realm of the projects themselves as her talent for writing Urdu poetry explained her sentiments best. In her poem “Woh us ki Aakh key Jugnu” (The Fireflies in his eyes) she encapsulated her feelings and gave everyone a flicker of hope for people in Pakistan who carry on and want to succeed. This was possibly the best original Urdu poetry that we have ever heard at an HDF gathering. And that set the stage for the fundraising segment of the evening, one which continued throughout the other segments and included an auction of a painting of Malala Yousafzai by an HDF volunteer. Other HDF stories were shared on stage by Ammara, Fihr, Reshma, Shamir and Zareena during the fundraising which took a break for Maghrib prayers. In the last segment before entertainment, retired Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry, Munir Malik and Moazzam Chaudry engaged in a chat on stage. Many people had some reservations about the necessity of this segment in an HDF event but two things were worthy of note: 1) The former Chief Justice did play a positive role by refusing to resign under pressure from then President Musharraf (who remains popular with many overseas Pakistanis) which set a correct precedent that civil society has such rights under the law in Pakistan, and 2) The Chief Guest did not say or engage in any political activity here

and restricted his brief talk on public education and how it can be promoted in Pakistan. He shared with us his humble origins in Quetta and how he went to a school where students sat on the floor, had no heating (Quetta has very cold winters) and he wanted to see an improvement in the facilities provided to kids there today. Any politics that was discussed was the domain of Munir Malik and not former C.J. Iftikhar Chaudhry who appeared to be a man of few words. The entertainment segment first provided comic relief through young Faraz Ellahie who has taken his standup comedy to the stage regionally and is getting better and better with his performances. His humor is MuslimSouth Asian and in English, and it was great to see all generations present in the audience laughing. Headlining the entertainment was none other than Bushra Ansari, all the way from Pakistan and she is amazing at just about anything that she does. She is a great comedian, host, and singer, actress, writer, and producer and can recite Urdu poetry with ease. She has been in entertainment in Pakistan for over four decades (anyone remember her in a kids show on PTV?). She also happens to be the daughter of the late Ahmad Bashir, a writer, journalist, filmmaker and a columnist par excellence, one who inspired many others from Pakistan during his life including this scribe. She introduced local Pakistan Idol winner Ausaf Masood (who sang a Junaid Jamshed song) on stage here. Bushra presented numerous interesting sets from her bouquet of talents at this event to bring the HDF benefit to a memorable closing. Over $170,000 was raised during this fundraising effort. CALL FROM P1

meeting the hopes and aspirations of our peoples that we will succeed in turning a new page in our relations.” He said that both men shared a common goal of economic development which could not be achieved without “peace and stability in the region.” Sharif said that top diplomats from both countries would meet soon to advance peace talks that have moved fitfully because of political tensions between the neighbors. “We also agreed that the two foreign secretaries would be meeting soon to review and carry forward our bilateral agenda in the spirit of our meeting today.” India said earlier that Modi had conveyed during the meeting his concerns about militants allegedly using

Pakistani soil to carry out acts of terrorism in India. Sharif told reporters that accusations and counter-accusations did not help matters. The meeting, which was scheduled for 35 minutes but stretched on for 50 minutes, concluded with hopes that it would restart the stalled peace process. Nawaz had a one-on-one meeting with Modi which lasted 15 minutes, Express News reports. “You’re a man of peace,” Modi said to Nawaz. According to Islamabad Bureau Chief Amir Ilyas Rana, Modi told Nawaz that his attendance is a good omen for India. Referring to his meeting with Modi, IBN Live quoted Nawaz as saying, ” The meeting was excellent. We are positive. We are looking forward to a positive outcome.” Although these are believed to be ‘courtesy meetings’, a foreign ministry official had told The Express Tribune that given the composition of the prime minister’s delegation, the Nawaz-Modi rendezvous was likely to be more than just a courtesy call. IDEOLOGY FROM P1

regions. The army chief reviewed progress of various projects undertaken by the army in the area, and appreciated them for quality of work and timely completion. Gen Sharif particularly mentioned the construction of Central Trade Corridor, a 714-kilometer road network, linking Pakistan’s Indus Highway and Waziristan agencies with the Afghan Ring Road. Later, the COAS visited the recently established Cadet College Spinkai Raghzai. Talking to the cadets, he said that these projects would help integrate a new generation of young Pakistanis from remote areas in the national mainstream. CHARGESHEET FROM P1

counterpart that terrorism was a mutual concern and Pakistan had suffered enormously due to this menace. “The people and government of Pakistan are serious and committed to fighting terrorism in their own national interest,” Aziz quoted the premier as saying. ARCHBISHOP FROM P1

about the private use of blasphemy laws, which is a sensitive matter in Pakistan,” he said. “However, they don’t suggest a way forward and mechanism how to stop it.”


P30 – PAKISTAN LINK – MAY 30, 2014 n By Naila Barlas Background of our support for Mayor Pro-Tem Mr. Steve Tye It all started when we needed some money for our school. Our parent organization, SAPA, which stands for South Asian Parents Association, decided to do a fundraising event which we named “An evening of Colors”. We went to various community businesses and other organizations for this purpose. As per advice of one of our council that suggested that we should ask student from High School to present our request for funds to the City of Diamond Bar. We took one student from DBHS for this to the city Council meeting. Reaching there I was glad to see two familiar faces out of our fine Council members including Mayor. One of them I see frequently at out mosque, just before election, asking for our community support, and other one visited our DBHS Food Truck Fundraiser, very cheerful nice lady. I was confident both will at least acknowledge our presence. Something very shocking happened that day as per my husband, something break my circuit i.e., it changed the way now I look at those two people and others. After the speech by the student, one tall bold councilman asked him, what was our event’s fundraising goal, and if our organization has submitted the request properly or not. At the end of the speech he encouraged him for coming up to the city council meeting, stand in front of the Mayor, City Council Members, the public and speaking and asking for funds for a good cause. The 2 other members that I already was familiar with, didn’t even bother to acknowledge the cause, let alone the courage of the student. Once the meeting was over, I tried to approach them, but was completely ignored. However one of them had the guts without shame to show up at our fundraising event without an invite, or buying of ticket, let alone offering any donation. Another councilwoman was also very nice to student. Later on I came to know that the councilman that was courteous and encouraging the student was none other than our Mayor Pro-Tem Mr. Steve Tye. When I heard the name, something flashed at the back of my mind. I recalled receiving letters from 2 of our council members, who are now running for State assembly, Steve Tye was one of them. I paid more attention to the lady, who I was really counting on, but she just ignored me and the student, what a joke. I immediately was very impressed by Steve, as an encouraging and helpful person (even though he did not know at that time that I will be supporting him later on or not). I came to realize at that time that he cares about education, kids and community, and he wants to serve it genuinely. I started

Meeting with Mayor Pro-Tem Steve Tye California’s 55th District Assembly Candidate

Steve Tye with Naila Barlas

talking to him and realized that we both have a lot to learn from each other, especially I, because after 911, I was very skeptical about Republicans in general, but as an independent voter I was never going to vote on the party lines, but always trying to

and Mayor Pro-Tem, and you would be future Mayor for the city of Diamond Bar. What was the reason to leave such an attractive position? A: I want to take what I have learned in city government, combined with my busi-

Q: When I look at the local news magazine today, I see an increase in crimes like petty theft, auto burglaries, and home invasions in communities that used to be very peaceful before. Is there any particular reason for that, and if yes,

Proposition 13: Approved by voters in 1978, reduced property taxes and made it harder for lawmakers to raise taxes in general know what the candidates’ beliefs are and what he or she really stands for, especially does the candidate has the courage to stand for his beliefs, if they differ from the party lines. That was something I was able to see in Steve & right there and then, I decided to at least introduce him to our community, so now we will have more options to choose from and have a different perspective. We decided to sit with him and ask him few questions and here they are. Q & A session with Diamond Bar Mayor Pro-Tem Mr. Steve Tye, who is running for California’s 55th State Assembly District. 55th District include, cities of; Diamond Bar, Chino Hills, Brea, Walnut, Rowland Heights, La Habra, Placentia, Yorba Linda, West Covina, Industry Q: Why have you decided to run for State Assembly? You are already a Councilman

ness background, and make a positive difference in Sacramento. Q: What will you bring on table if you get elected? A: My priorities will be to work for stronger economy: more skilled jobs and increased education and training opportunities for the people in the 55th Assembly District. Q: Ok, let’s talk about strong economy and Jobs. How do you plan to create jobs that will in turn strengthen the economy? A: We need to put an end to the exodus of companies leaving California. We need to encourage businesses. These companies with more incentives will provide good and more jobs. And everyone understands that good jobs are the only way to provide a sustained recovery that intern stabilizes and strengthen the economy.

what is your take on it? A: You are absolutely correct that there is an increase in crimes in local communities, there is a reason behind it which is AB109. AB109 is an issue for every single one of our communities. The Governor’s ill- advised realignment program, without the proper resources; it is a ticking timebomb for public safety. I want to take this issue in assembly and will try to make some changes so our Public Safety will no longer be compromised in order to take the burden off the state prisons. Q: What is AB109, Can you please elaborate on it for our readers because it sounds like a real threat to our communities? A: AB 109 “realigns” criminals from the state to the local level...without the resources to handle the influx of prisoners. Our county jails were never

intended to house the serious criminals that have been sent to local jails. This is a serious problem that will have longterm implications for local communities. Q: I know you are in favor of Prop 13, I want you to please explain for the public that how the Government can make changes in it without the consent of public, without putting it on Ballot and as result it will affect all of the existing and elderly homeowners along with the business property owners? A: If someone does not stand up to Democratic supermajority, they will chip away at Proposition 13 until it is no longer recognizable. Cutting Prop 13 is not an answer- cutting spending is! Proposition 13: Approved by voters in 1978, reduced property taxes and make it harder for lawmakers to raise taxes in general. If Alternate to prop 13 have been approved by super-majority in the assembly (which they are planning to do, they do not need to put it on Ballot) it will have a variety of unwelcome effects 1- Substantial increase in property tax for low-income and 92% of elderly homeowners. 2- Propped Revenueneutral changes in how the property is assessed would result in tax of over 163% to 43% homeowners. 3- Business properties already pay higher property tax. They are assessed 75% of market value; the statewide assessment average is 55%. Changes in Prop 13 will be another dark cloud for them in California’s often-burdensome climate of taxation and regulation. 4- It would also reduce resale values. Thank you Mayor Pro-Tem Mr. Tye for your valuable time, and we would also like to thank you for visiting four of our religious Centers, and being accessible to our community and understanding the issues. Something that really resonated about Steve Tye is his concern about our community, State and Country, and I really share his views when he said that, it is very easy for the elected officials to ask for raising taxes, however, there should be some accountability of the elected officials if they don’t perform to the promises they make before getting elected. Also, we the people should elect our representatives based on their performances, and not on party lines, ethnic groups or how we look. Additionally, I feel that we should have enough courage to challenge our own respective parties in case we feel their stand on something is not good for our community, district or Country. Here is my take and some background about Steve Tye. Decision will be yours but choose wisely because our decision will shape our future and the future of our kids for whom we came here and doing all the sacrifices. So go out and vote on June 3rd…


MAY 30, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P31


P32 – PAKISTAN LINK – MAY 30, 2014

Pakistan Link - May 30, 2014  
Pakistan Link - May 30, 2014