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Pakistan Link

VOL. 24/5 - 30 Rabi ‘ul-awwal 1435 H PAGE 10

The Long Shadow of a Sufi Preacher in Turkey ‘Govt. Wants Resultoriented Talks’

Islamabad: A member of the re-

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Friday, January 31, 2014

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Sharapova Drops to Fifth Place in Latest Rankings

Kejriwal, Delhi’s Chief Minister, Is Not a Mad Man

Another Push for Talks with Taliban

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TTP Welcomes Peace Talks

cently formed team tasked to negotiate with Pakistani Taliban, Irfan Siddiqui, said Wednesday that Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has formed the committee with an open mind as the government wants fruitful and result-oriented talks without any preconditions. Addressing a press conference, the special assistant to PM on national affairs said that the committee was not a conventional committee, as three of its members have no link with the government and he himself became part of the present regime only two days ago. The committee will start its work without any fear in mind and without attaching any ‘ifs and buts’ to the process. Siddiqui said that by forming this committee the government has given another chance to peace, adding that the first step would be to establish contacts with the TTP by removing hurdles in the way of talks. “When talks will start they will listen to our viewpoint and we will listen to theirs,” said the adviser.

Islamabad: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif announced Wednesday that his government would pursue peace talks with Taliban militants despite a recent spate of attacks, naming a four-member committee to facilitate the talks. Addressing a session of the National Assembly after a span of six months, Sharif said the government wanted to give peace another chance. The premier announced the constitution of a four-member team – comprising his Advisor on National Affairs Irfan Siddique, veteran jour- Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif addresses the National Assembly in Islamabad on Wednesday nalist Rahimullah Yusufzai, former ambassador Minister Chaudhry Nisar would personally super- would reciprocate in a and expert on Afghani- Ali Khan would assist the vise the performance of similar manner. stan affairs Rustam Shah committee. the committee, adding The announcement Mohmand and former ISI Sharif also called on that he was sincerely try- came the same day Taliofficial Major (Retd) Amir the militants to observe a ing to restore peace in the ban militants targeted Shah – to hold talks with ceasefire in his televised country and expressed the paramilitary soldiers, the militants. Interior speech. He said that he hope that the other side NAWAZ, P29

Peshawar: Tehreek-e-Taliban Paki-

Developments in Talks Should Not Be Kept Secret

‘Pakistan-US Relationship on an Upward Trajectory’

Prosecution Wants to Crossexamine Chief of AFIC

stan at the Strategic Dialogue with US Secretary of State John Kerry this week, also touched on some of the mutual concerns that the two sides have had in recent years and said building trust could greatly spur the bilateral relationship. In a speech at the Atlantic Council, Aziz noted that Washington is being appreciative of Pakistan’s views on some key regional issues. “On the whole, the relationship is on an upward trajectory,” he remarked at a gathering that consisted of American experts, journalists and writers. Top members of the Pakistani delegation including Minister for

Islamabad: After expressing lack of confidence in a report prepared by army doctors on the health of former military ruler Pervez Musharraf, the prosecution team in the high treason case has requested the special court to summon Maj Gen Syed Imran Majeed, Commandant of the Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology (AFIC), for cross-examination. The three-judge court is likely to take up on Wednesday the objections to the report of the AFIC medical board and the application for summoning the commandant, filed by the prosecution team headed by Advocate Mohammad Akram Sheikh. The AFIC board, constituted by the court, on Jan 16 comprised Maj Gen Majeed, Deputy Commandant Brig Safdar Abbas, Brig Qaiser Khan and Col Afsheen Iqbal.

RESULTS, P29

Islamabad: Pakistan Tehrik-i-Insaaf (PTI) chief Imran Khan said there had been a lot of confusion but Sharif ’s speech had brought in clarity. “I welcome your statement and constitution of the committee. But, I assume that the dialogue should be open.” He said the nation should be kept abreast of the dialogue process through media. He also welcomed that Sharif would himself oversee the dialogue process. He said those militant groups, which did not want dialogue, must be isolated while those with positive thinking should be approached. He, however, demanded of the government to take strict notice against Punjab Law Minister Rana Sanaullah’s speech where he had announced to hold an operation against militant groups in Punjab. MIXED REACTION: In the wake of Prime Minister Nawaz REACTION, P29

Secretary of State John Kerry and Foreign Affairs Advisor Sartaj Aziz meet in Washington to discuss increasing cooperation on a wide range of issues including law enforcement, counterterrorism and defense

Washington, DC: The

Pakistan-US relationship is on an upward trajectory with bilateral cooperation

in wide-ranging economic and security areas moving well, National Security and Foreign Affairs

Advisor Sartaj Aziz told a Washington think tank on Tuesday. Aziz, who led Paki-

RELATIONSHIP, P29

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stan (TTP) spokesman Shahidullah Shahid has said that the banned organization has convened a meeting of its Shura to ‘seriously’ discuss the government’s decision of holding talks with the Taliban. “We have taken the government’s decision seriously and will inform it about our stance after discussing it in the Shura meeting within few days,” he said. Shahid said there was no truth in reports that TTP chief Mullah Fazlullah was opposing the talks. He said bringing peace was not difficult if politics of betrayal and accusations was kept out of the talks. He told Geo News on Wednesday that the media would be briefed about the Taliban’s views about talks and the committee formed by the government in this regard. The TTP spokesman also claimed responsibility for attacks on the Rangers in Karachi. Shahidullah Shahid denied reports about rifts in the Taliban ranks and said the militants were united in the leadership of Mullah Fazlullah.

AFIC, P29


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OPINION

P4 – PAKISTAN LINK – JANUARY 31, 2014

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The Terrorists Have a Clueless Nawaz by the Tail n By Karamatullah K. Ghori

T

Toronto, Canada

he statistics speak for themselves, and speak volumes: of the terrorists’ unchallenged ability to strike at will wherever they want, and of a feckless government’s abject inability to check or halt them

Nawaz came to his third innings in power on June 5, last year. Count the days he has been in the saddle (you can do it on your fingers). It comes to exactly 230 days as of the writing of these lines. In these 230 days—as per the officially compiled figures—the terrorists have unleashed 223 attacks through the length and breadth of Pakistan. It simply works out to almost one attack a day. And there’s no indication of these barbaric attacks likely slowing down any time soon. Quite the contrary of it, the pace is picking up with the onset of the New Year. In 21 days of January, 30 attacks have been launched, right from Peshawar in the north to Karachi in the south; that’s more than one attack a day; call it an exponential increase in acts of terrorism on Nawaz Sharif ’s watch. The casualty toll is high, horrendous, if you will. Including the 26 innocent Shiia pilgrims returning from Iran, whose bus was blown up on January 21—and also counting the 3 polio workers hacked to death in Karachi—the tally stands at 1250 killed in these 223 acts of cowardice and savagery. In January alone, a whopping number of 128 have been killed in 29 attacks. The bottom line is that there’s no letup in blood-letting—the favourite sport of these 21st century Pakistani barbarians. They are becoming ever more daring as their appetite for innocent blood is whetted by the mounting toll. The impotence of the government in the face of this rising tide of mayhem is helping the terrorists in expanding their network of terror with impunity. They have been picking and choosing their targets at will and striking without let or hindrance from government machinery that seems to have become morbid and paralysed in the face of the terrorist onslaught. What’s wrong with the government? Why can’t it get its act together and give it back to the terrorists the way they deserve? For an answer to these questions, one doesn’t have to be a rocket scientist. Even a layman would tell you the craven Taliban and others of their ilk have been getting bolder and ever more menacing because of the utter incompetence of a government whose woody leader—and he seems to be getting woodier by the day—doesn’t have a clue how to tackle this rising tide of terror which is, now, seriously morphing into an existentialist threat for Pakistan. Mediocrity is a curse. Any intelligent person would say that. But mediocrity within affordable limits is not so unwelcome or disparaging. Most Western democracies have mediocre leaders, and this fact has been viscerally accepted by the electorate in these countries. But the kind of abysmal mediocrity that Nawaz Sharif ’s latest bunch of nincompoops has foisted on Pakistan is certainly becoming intolerable and insufferable.

I’d gladly recommend anyone for the medal of Pride of Performance (though so much abused in the system of spoils, cronyism and crass nepotism so much in vogue in Pakistan) if they were to suggest to me just one name of a brilliant man in Nawaz’ cabinet, including his ‘kitchen cabinet.’ There is none. Zero. They are mostly woodies like their boss and owe their ministries or kitchen cabinet ‘honour’ because they are good at saying, ‘yes, boss.’ Note the reaction of the PM in response to the latest cowardly attack at Rawalpindi’s RA Bazar—in the vi-

What Nawaz can’t get through his mind is what every loyal Pakistan has been expecting of him and desperately pining for: behave like a leader, damn it, and stop being a dithering politician out to score a point over his opponents and rivals. You may still be fixated on out-foxing them but the Taliban may outfox you, if you didn’t come to your senses. This is no time to dither or dragging your foot, someone should remind Nawaz. The vandals with the Stone-age mentality are knocking at your ramparts. So you have no more

I’d gladly recommend anyone for the medal of Pride of Performance (though so much abused in the system of spoils, cronyism and crass nepotism so much in vogue in Pakistan) if they were to suggest to me just one name of a brilliant man in Nawaz’ cabinet, including his ‘kitchen cabinet.’ There is none. Zero. They are mostly woodies like their boss and owe their ministries or kitchen cabinet ‘honour’ because they are good at saying, ‘yes, boss.’ cinity of GHQ—in which a truck of servicemen (soldiers of the army) was blown up killing 26 jawans. The PM pompously announced that he was cancelling the plans to travel to Davos, Switzerland, for the World Economic Forum meeting. He made the announcement as if he were doing a huge favour to a grieving nation by denying himself the delight of a few days in Switzerland. Grateful, Mr. PM, for your great sacrifice; the nation will forever be beholden to you for your concern for Pakistan. The next day, January 21, he received a delegation of lawmakers from across the political divide. It was, in other words, a full-spectrum bevy of politicians who came calling on him to consort with him in search of the Holy Grail to fight off the Taliban terror. However, the statement attributed to PM, and issued at the end of the well-reported conclave must go down in the annals of obfuscation as an outstanding example of a clueless leader not knowing how to take on the TTP challenge. The statement quoted NS as saying, “A concerted effort and united stand will enable us to achieve the desired results (sic)” Now, take your pick trying to make sense out of this verbiage from a feckless leader. A concerted effort! By whom, and why? A united stand! Of whom, and why? And what do you mean by “desired results”? Desired by whom? And what are those desired results you seemed to be hinting at?

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wiggle room, Mr PM. What a mess Nawaz has made of the mandate a confused and befuddled nation blessed him with eight months ago. All the major political parties, and their leaders, gave him a virtual blank check, five months earlier, to act decisively, vis-à-vis the Taliban. They were ready to give dialogue with the hated marauders preference over war, if the vandals would accept the primacy of Pakistan’s Constitution. But Nawaz hasn’t moved, in all these five months, beyond only making the kind of inane jumble of statements, a specimen of which has been cited above. The Taliban, in the meantime, obviously emboldened by the political setup’s inertia and mental atrophy, have been adding insult to injury. They have been piling on, playing cat-andmouse with the writ of the state and thumbing their noses at the jurisdiction of the Pakistani law. But Nawaz is still stuck in the bog of indecision—a bog entirely of his own making. A country so overwhelmingly plagued by the scourge of terrorism—and bleeding profusely in the process—is still without an Anti-terror Authority. How many days, does anyone remember, did it take for the US, in the wake of 9/11, to set up its Department of Homeland Security? It was done in days, not weeks or months. Here, in the case of a terrorist-infested Pakistan it has been years but still no formal state structure or institution to combat the terror on-

slaught on a war footing. Nawaz seems to think that making noises is all that he should be doing. The only ‘action’ or initiative that could be laid at his door, so far, is his anointing of Maulana Sami-ul-Haq as the pivot of his government to hold talks with the Taliban. Maulana Sami-ul-Haq—with a bagful of seedy episodes preceding the man—as Nawaz’ point-man for talks with the Taliban just strains credulity far enough to make the whole thing look like a flight of fancy to nowhere. You can’t be serious, Mr PM? Don’t you know that the Maulana is the godfather of the Taliban? He’s the one whose madrassas (seminaries)— funded so generously in resources by you know who—have been the Taliban hatcheries and nurseries. It would be the height of naivety for anyone to expect the Maulana to act as an honest broker. He can’t. How would a godfather betray his own children and off-springs? He is riding a tiger and is too shrewd to not know that if he dismounts the tiger will devour him, too. There would be no problem in talking to them if the Taliban were a people of reason, which they aren’t. They know only one language, the language of power. They are daring the government of Pakistan to repay them in their own coins. Nawaz can’t be so denuded of thinking as not to know that the time to use the full power of the state against the TTP is now. Strike them down, for God’s sake, before they strike you down. - K_K_ghori@ yahoo.com (The writer is a former ambassador and career diplomat) EQUALITY FROM P8

to Mekkah and all Muslims dressed in the same piece of white cloth, is to reinforce the concept of equality. The only thing that distinguishes one human from another and one race from another is his goodness and deeds towards other fellow beings. “O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female, and have made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Indeed the most honored of you in the sight of Allaah is the most righteous. Indeed, Allaah is Knowing and Acquainted” [Qur’an 49:13] I thank Martin Luther King Jr. and all the human rights activist for their leadership, courage and determination. Their sacrifices have given so many of us equal opportunity to practice our religion freely and get equal opportunity to enjoy the bounties of this beautiful land. In America there is justice, in America there is equality, in America there is Godliness and goodliness and so God- Save –America.

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P6 – PAKISTAN LINK – JANUARY 31, 2014 n By Syed Kamran Hashmi

N

Westfield, IN

o serious consultation is possible with a dictator once he is insecure about his impending presidential election and his future to stay in power, the power he seized illegally years ago and the power that guarantees his security as long as he holds on to it. If that is jeopardized, then the time for consultation is long gone — it is time to take some action. And that is exactly what he did. In 2007 General Musharraf was the supreme leader of Pakistan, the only one who represented the unity in command: apart from being the mighty president of the state with article 58(2)(b) of the constitution in his pocket, he was also the chief of the army staff for nine years. While recognized as a trustworthy US ally in the war against terror, he was renowned and well respected in the Western media for his moderate policies. Besides that, he was the mentor of the ruling political party, the Pakistan Muslim League-Q, and the supervisor of his handpicked prime minister, Shaukat Aziz, all in one. Consultation with meek politicians and career officers could not be taken seriously, given all his powers. It was an eyewash from the beginning and everyone knew it, like a father getting a financial opinion from his 10-year-old son on the purchase of a million dollar house. The child may get excited about the size of the backyard, his room or even be impressed with the neighborhood but, jokes

Consultation Was Not Possible with General Musharraf aside, there can be no consultation with him about the parent’s ability to pay for that house. Imagine what would have happened to the future of an officer who had been promoted by the same chief twice in the last six years if that officer had disagreed with the belligerent yet powerful general. I am sure his career would have ended that day. A case against him on misconduct and corruption like that of the chief justice would emerge out of nowhere and that was it. Now think of a compromised politician who had negotiated the election results with a serving general way before the elections; what would happen to him if he dared to disappoint an army chief? The National Accountability Bureau (NAB), the institution known to keep the ‘rebellion’ of a politician in line, would have ‘taken care’ of him easily and comprehensively. Then consider an imported prime minister who has no political base, no party, no constituency and may actually not even have Pakistani nationality; how hard is it to persuade him to write a letter against the Supreme Court judges? Easy — how could it not be? I am sure that each one of them remembered the fate of Mian Nawaz Sharif, the prime minister of Pakistan with a two-third majority in parliament, who was first jailed, then tried in a special court for hijacking a plane and then exiled to Saudi Arabia for years. They must also have thought about Javed Hashmi’s sentence on inciting mutiny in the army, the imprisonment of Yousaf Raza Gillani

in a corruption case and the death of Akbar Bugti. All these ‘learning’ events must have convinced them to agree with the general to implement martial law, a decision that he had already made even if each one of them

one city to another for the rule of law, and how the streets of Karachi were turned into a slaughterhouse on May 12 to stop him from visiting it. Under these circumstances, disagreement with such a powerful person was sui-

Consider an imported prime minister who has no political base, no party, no constituency and may actually not even have Pakistani nationality; how hard is it to persuade him to write a letter against the Supreme Court judges? disagreed. Furthermore, since March 2007, every Pakistani had witnessed the vulnerability of Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Iftikhar Chaudhary who was manhandled on the streets. They knew how he was unconstitutionally suspended after a reference had been filed against him. They remembered how he had to travel for days from

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cidal, and no one could have taken that risk. Now let us look at Article six of the constitution, especially its Clause two, which has been called into question quite a lot: “6. High treason (1) Any person who abrogates or subverts or suspends or holds in abeyance, or attempts or conspires to abrogate or subvert or suspend or hold

OPINION in abeyance, the constitution by use of force or show of force or by any other unconstitutional means shall be guilty of high treason. (2) Any person aiding or abetting [or collaborating] the acts mentioned in clause (1) shall likewise be guilty of high treason.” Since the wording in the constitution says “any person” and does not limit the nationality of that person, General Musharraf ’s team can make an argument that Musharraf also consulted with world leaders, foreign diplomats and many international legal advisors before his action. Considering the security situation in Pakistan, all of them were in full agreement with him, and therefore should be included in the list of abettors and investigated before his trial. His defense would be understandable as they continued their support in the war against terror and worked with him on the issues of education, health, poverty and bilateral interests. I am not sure if this argument bears legal validity but his team is not trying to win the battle legally in the first place. Nonetheless, it can be considered another attempt to cast the net as wide as possible, include thousands of people from the foot soldier to the highest ranking officer, involve all the politicians and name every person who even shook hands with the general after the proclamation of martial law and create a smokescreen of massive confusion where, on the one hand, everyone is found to be guilty as abettors and, on the other, Musharraf is a free man to ‘serve’ the country once again. I do not know if these techniques will work because, legally speaking, the case against him is very strong and after the indictment conviction will not take a long time.


OPINION

JANUARY 31, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P7

n By Dr Mohammad Taqi

T

Florida

he Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) martyred over 20 security personnel in Bannu lk followed by another deadly attack killing soldiers in the Royal Artillery (RA) Bazaar, Rawalpindi, last week. Prior to these attacks, the TTP slaughtered three employees of a media house in cold blood in Karachi. Subsequently, Ehsanullah Ehsan of the TTP had the audacity to call the same media house during a live program, claim the assassination of these innocent men and threaten more bloodshed if his horde is not given ‘proper space’ and ‘unbiased coverage’ by the media.

The response of Pakistani society and the state, starting from the anchor that handled Ehsan’s call all the way up to the prime minister, was to turn over and play dead. It is as if a near consensus exists on inaction against the TTP. Pakistan increasingly and ominously looks like a house united against itself. Notable and honorable exceptions, providing timely caution and reality checks, certainly exist but remain few and far between. The Urdu media in Pakistan, including a handful of the liberals in its ranks, has been legitimizing the Afghan Taliban for a decade now. It was just a matter of time before it switched gears from rationalizing the TTP’s atrocities to downright lionizing it. The Afghan Taliban have been presented ostensibly as legitimate freedom fighters trying to oust the US and NATO forces from their country. Never mind that the same Taliban were slaughtering Afghans and shooting women in football stadiums for petty crimes from 1996 through to 2001 when there was not a single US person in Afghanistan. The media and its decade-long darling, Mr Imran Khan, use the same revisionist lie to justify TTP barbarism, i.e. there was no Pakistani Taliban till the US war on terror and the drone

A House United against Itself? strikes started. Conveniently forgotten is the fact that the Pakistani Taliban arose almost at the same time as their Afghan counterparts in the mid- to late-1990s in Malakand, Orakzai Agency and the two Waziristans. In fact, many of the Pakistani Taliban like Nek Muhammad Wazir, Baitullah Mehsud, Waliur Rehman Mehsud and Hakeemullah Mehsud had fought inside Afghanistan alongside Mullah Omar’s men long before there were any US troops there. Another frequently peddled lie is that military operations have failed to produce results. The fact is that, as half-hearted as some of the military operations were and other serious reservations about the tactics and motives notwithstanding, they still cleared Swat and large swathes of Bajaur and South Waziristan agencies. In addition to the military operations, the tribesmen of Upper Kurram have beaten back the TTP and its allied groups, and have held them at bay since the winter of 2007. In the wake of the deadly bombings on the security and media personnel, one expected the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) and the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI) to review their policy of appeasing the TTP but the political Tweedledum and Tweedledee are competing with each other yet again to lay the blame for TTP atrocities on the US’s doorstep. Mr Imran Khan went first and, after spending about 30 seconds regretting the Bannu attack, he blamed the US for every evil that has befallen Pakistan. Earlier that day he had tweeted, in English, a generic condemnation of the TTP’s Bannu assault. Mr Khan clearly took pains to avoid condemning the TTP in Urdu and thus annoying them. He could not bring himself to utter a word against the TTP which martyred over 20 security men. In fact, Mr Khan’s line in that speech in Haripur was not very different from what the TTP says about the US. Little surprise then that Mr Khan remains the chief apologist of the TTP and the bulwark against a decisive action to neutralize that terrorist horde. The ultimate responsibility for indecision

and inaction, however, rests squarely with the Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. Mr Sharif ’s hand-

One expected the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) and the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI) to review their policy of appeasing the TTP but the political Tweedledum and Tweedledee are competing with each other yet again to lay the blame for TTP atrocities on the US’s doorstep picked man for negotiating with the TTP and formulating the national security policy remains Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan who, in grappling with these issues, appears both out of his depth and wits. He comes across as a provincial politician who is clueless about the complex process of negotiating with the TTP. His take on

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the drones and the US ostensibly being responsible for vitiating his imaginary success in bringing the TTP to the dialogue table is not that much different from that of his former schoolmate Mr Imran Khan. It seems like the two Khans have perfected a weird good cop/good cop routine visà-vis the TTP where one is falling over the other to appease the terrorist outfit. Mr Nawaz Sharif is a seasoned politician and a serious statesman. He will be ignoring his interior minister fumbling with the task at hand at his and the nation’s peril. The TTP has effectively slapped the media, society and the state across the face. Mr Imran Khan may be the ball and chain around his foot but the decision to act is only and only Mr Nawaz Sharif ’s. If Mr Khan has confused the national narrative, what exactly has Mr Sharif done to counter it? Not articulating an alternative to the PTI’s talks hoax and asking assorted clerics and Charlie’s aunt to go talk to the TTP is certainly not statesman-like. Does the prime minister have a Plan B or, for that matter, a Plan A, as the TTP regains lethal strength? Thanks to his government prevaricating, the TTP has had several months to regroup, rearm and resume its deadly attacks with a vengeance. I suspect that the much-trumpeted national security policy will not have a clear mission statement regarding who exactly is the enemy and will not set any mission goals. Procedural, departmental and legal updates, which this document likely does, can hardly be termed a national security policy. Mr Nawaz Sharif will have to resist his temptation to privatize the negotiations. He has to take ownership of the peace process as well as the military option should the talks fail or fail to start. He must avoid another silly All Parties Conference, with a slew of TTP sympathizers in attendance, which Mr Imran Khan is again calling for. An elected and functioning parliament exists and should be the only forum to discuss anti-terrorism policy and action. Mr Sharif must go to the house he has been elected to lead and spell out his vision and action plan, which must include absolutely no forbearance for the barbarians.


OPINION

P8 – PAKISTAN LINK – JANUARY 31, 2014

Super Bowl XLVIII Should Be a Classic

n By Ras H. Siddiqui

O

CA

n Sunday, February 2nd 2014 at the MetLife Stadium in New York/New Jersey the Denver Broncos and the Seattle Seahawks will face each other in Super Bowl XLVIII (Forty Eight) for the Vince Lombardi Trophy. In the world of American Football (during which the foot comes into contact with the ball less than 1% of the time) there is no other single event which brings out more fans than the Super Bowl. It is certainly a rough and tough game of great skill and strategy which takes some immigrants in this country years to understand. But once you do, you are hooked. And the Super Bowl can no longer be ignored.

The two teams to reach this Super Bowl were decided on Sunday, January 19th. The AFC Championship game was between the Denver Broncos and the New England Patriots. The Broncos won with a score of 26-16. The statistics for the two quarterbacks explain why Tom Brady and his Patriots were sent packing. The Bronco’s defense reminiscent of the old “Orange Crush” (they were nicknamed such several years ago) dominated the game, and only let New England score 3 points during the first three quarters (it was only in the fourth quarter that the Patriots were able to manage a touchdown). But the story just begins there. It was

Denver’s offensive line and quarterback Peyton Manning who sealed their victory. Manning threw for 400 yards with a touchdown each in the second and third quarter which, along with 4 field goals, all were made possible by the superb protection provided by the Broncos offensive line. Unlike Tom Brady who was sacked twice during the game, Peyton Manning felt no real threat from the Patriots. The better team won the AFC championship but that might not have been true in the NFC. The Seattle Seahawks certainly did outscore the San Francisco 49ers 23-17 but it seems that luck was not with San Francisco that day. Seahawks quarterback Russell Wilson was sacked four times while San Francisco’s Colin Kaepernick was sacked twice. The San Francisco defense did an okay job especially in trying to contain Marshawn Lynch who still rushed for 109 yards. But it is rare in this game

that a quarterback of one team runs for more yardage than the entire opposing team, a feat that San Francisco’s Colin Kaepernick accomplished here. San Francisco was leading 17-13 at the beginning of the fourth quarter when things started to unravel. A 35 yard 4th down touchdown by Seattle changed everything but victory was not sealed. There was in the stripped ball/fumble earlier and finally the interception with 22 seconds left in the game, when Kaepernick threw a mysteriously odd pass to his almost double covered receiver Michael Crabtree which was tipped by Seattle’s Richard Sherman to teammate Malcolm Smith in the end zone. The outcome was an interception and not a possible game-winning touchdown. The NFC championship was decided by this one last play and it did not go San Francisco’s way. Now let us move back to the Super Bowl 48 which should be a classic matchup between the Denver Broncos and the Seattle Seahawks and to make some predictions about that game here. Throughout the many years of watching this final between the AFC and the NFC champions at the Super Bowl I have always sympathized with the underdogs. This year that underdog I believe are Seattle and I am hoping that they can win that city’s first Super Bowl ever. But will they be able to beat the Broncos? If the Denver offensive line plays as well as it did against New England and gives Peyton Manning ample time to throw the ball, Seattle’s dream will remain unfulfilled.

www.PakistanLink.com

Islam, Equality, and the US n By Anila ALi

Irvine, CA

This nursery school has been closed.”

Saudi Ministry of Religious Affairs Eighteen years ago, one fine morning I was taking my five-year-old son to a private nursery in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. When I arrived, I found the doors shut with the sign above pasted on the gate. Days after closure, a few teachers reached out to me and informed me that the religious police raided the school and were appalled at the sight of young boys and girls studying together and have jailed the Australian principal and some of the teachers. I had two choices: to send him to a local Saudi school and take a chance of him being bullied for being Pakistani (my son only spoke English) and then there was the additional danger that perhaps he may even turn into a womenhating minor, or I could send him to one of the best schools in Pakistan. I chose the latter. As a result, I had to pack off my five-year-old child and send him to a school in Pakistan. That separation with my son made me realize that I never wanted to live in a country where people are judged by the color of their skin. My husband, an engineer, was

paid a measly wage simply because of the color of his passport. Engineers of his caliber with a US or British passport were paid three times more and lived in better housing complexes than people from South Asia. There is no compulsion in religion. Verse 256 from Surah Baqarah –Holy Qur’an. Having lived in Orange County for 17 years, I think that the best place to practice your religion in the world is the United States. Muslims enjoy more freedoms and liberty guaranteed by the US Constitution than in Muslim countries. The Holy Qur’an and all the practices of the Prophet of Islam reflected Islam’s fundamental belief in equality. The purpose of the annual pilgrimage EQUALITY, P4


OPINION

JANUARY 31, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P9 n By Craig Considine

N

Trinity College Dublin

o other leader in world history has been more scrutinized and ridiculed than Prophet Muhammad. Since the founding of Islam in 632 AD, Christians and Jews have described the Prophet of Allah as a blasphemer, bigot, terrorist, and pedophile, among other slurs. However, according to a new book The Covenants of the Prophet Muhammad with the Christians of the World (published by Angelico Press, 2013), these accusations are found to be dishonest, prejudiced, and not based on sound scholarship.

Dr John Andrew Morrow, author of The Covenants of the Prophet Muhammad, is a scholar who received his PhD from the University of Toronto and completed the full cycle of Islamic seminary studies. He was raised in a multilingual family in Montreal and Toronto, Canada. Morrow is also a Native North American of the Metis nation and proudly identifies himself as an “Aboriginal Person.” In his book, Morrow applies a documentary analysis of textual and historical research to the covenants created by Prophet Muhammad. Notable American poet, Charles Upton, notes in the foreword that these documents -- letters, covenants, treaties -which Morrow accesses “have largely been neglected by both traditional Muslim and modern Western scholarship, and are practically unknown to the mass of believers.” In reviewing Muslim, Christian, and secular documentary sources, Morrow’s study of the covenants of the Prophet brings “out their light in this period of darkness in which the People of Scripture, Jews, Muslims, and Christians, have strayed from their sacred traditions of tolerance and co-existence.” The Covenants of the Prophet Muhammad provides a detailed account of the Prophet’s character and conduct as seen through his lifelong encounters with Christian hermits, monks, priests, and communities. Morrow states that these experiences confirm that Muhammad had “confidence in his ability to count on the spiritual solidarity of the People of the Book,” or members of the Abrahamic tradition. Morrow also affirmed that Muhammad “had much more in common with the followers of Christ than with the idol-worshippers who surrounded him.” One of the covenants analyzed by Morrow is the “Covenant of the Prophet Muhammad with the Monks of Mount Sinai.” This agreement championed universal peace and harmony between Christians and Muslims. In the text, Prophet Muhammad calls on Muslims to respect Christian judges and churches, and for no Muslim to fight against their Christian brother. As Morrow rightly claims, the Covenant with the Monks of Mount Sinai is “a clear rejection of classism, elitism, and racism... all are equal before God for whom the most important thing is not language, skin color, social status or class position, which exclude others, but rather the degree of piety, humanity, love for others (which includes not only human beings but the entire natural order), sincerity of faith, the acceptance of His Commandments, and complete certainty as to the special place occupied by His Prophets, Messengers, and Imams.” Saint Catherine’s Monastery is considered to be the only monastery in the world to serve both a church and a mosque. Morrow writes that for centuries “the sound of ringing church bells came from the monastery’s tower while the Muslim call to prayer was emitted from the minaret.” Morrow describes the location of

n By Shakeel Syed

“ I

Los Angeles, CA

No father has given a greater gift to his children than good moral training.” [Tirmidhi].

slam has appointed parents as guardians of their progeny at least until they enter adulthood. We learn from the life of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him), about his immense love toward children. The prolonged Sajdah allowing his grandson an extended ride on his back, is a sublime expression of the Prophet’s love for children.

It is only natural for children to blossom when parents are in their lives. The dominant Western system of life has altered parental role in the lives of their children. Today parents engage less than six minutes a day in a meaningful conversation while allowing the child to spend approximately three hours in front of a television. A crude

New Book Sheds Light on Prophet Muhammad’s Interfaith Views

these two religious buildings an “aural manifestation of monotheistic unity [which] would have made the Messenger of Allah [Muhammad] proud.” In addition to the covenant with the Christians at Mount Sinai, Morrow examines “The Constitution of Medina,” a key document of the Prophet’s concerning the importance of human rights

Morrow’s book reminds us of the possibility that Muslims, Christians, and Jews can live side-by-side in peace and harmony if only they heed the advice of Prophet Muhammad in Islam. According to Morrow, the “Constitution” created a community out of “a unique system which had never existed before and which has never been since despite honest efforts to emulate it.” He adds that through the ‘Constitution of Medina’ “[i]dentity and loyalty were no longer to be based on family, tribe, kinship, or even religion: the overriding identity was membership in the ummah of Muhammad. The Constitution of Medina decreed that

the citizens of the Islamic state were one and indivisible regardless of religion. Be they heathen, People of the Book, or Muslims, all those who were subject to the Constitution belonged to the same ummah. In doing so, he created a tolerant, pluralistic government which protected religious freedom. The importance of this is so extraordinary that it is often misunderstood.” Moreover, Prophet Muhammad’s “Medina Constitution” created a society which, Morrow claims, is one where “every single member... enjoyed equality before the law as all privileges of class were abolished. The rich and the poor; the noble and the laymen; the Arabs and the non-Arabs; the blacks and the whites; the men and the women; and the children and the adults all had the same rights. Even Muhammad, as the Messenger of Allah, was not above the law.” In this context, the “Medina Constitution” was not only a revolutionary document for human rights, but it also expresses a democratic spirit. Morrow believes that Muhammad was an ultimate defender of diversity, as he mentions that the Prophet “established a form of social justice rare in any time.” The Covenants of the Prophet also offers an analysis of how Prophet Muhammad embraced Jews. Morrow argues that Muhammad’s stay in the Cave of Moses at the top of Mount Sinai shows that he had a deep connection to Moses. Morrow writes: “Muhammad also insisted that the Law of Moses remained binding with some minor modifications which resulted from the final revelation.” Furthermore, in the Treaty of Maqnah, which was made between Muhammad and Jews in Banu Janbah, a city in the Gulf of ‘Aqabah, the Prophet stated that Jews “may be in peace... When this letter of mine comes to you, you are in security [under his rule]... Towards you is no wrong and no enmity. After today you will not be subjected to oppression or violence... Furthermore, the Messenger of Allah has exempted you from jizyah (a tax) and compulsory labor.” In touching upon the Prophet’s covenants with Christians and Jews, Morrow makes it clear that Muhammad did not try to make the Islamic world only Muslim. He adds: “... the Prophet recognized that there were nations and peoples within the Muslim ummah... Whether they were Jews or Christians, and later Hindus and Buddhists, these communities represented a kind of United Nations under Islamic rule.” Morrow’s point is significant as it alerts us to the idea that Christians and Jews were intended to be a part of - and protected by - the global Muslim community. Perhaps the greatest strength of Morrow’s brilliant piece of scholarship lies in its ability to reach the hearts and minds of Muslims, Christians, and Jews. He teaches us that Muslims must do a better job of protecting their non-Muslim minority populations, or else they risk apostasy in violating Muhammad’s teachings on religious tolerance. The Covenants of the Prophet also instructs Christians to carefully consider Muhammad’s covenants, which provide examples to counter popular stereotypes of the Prophet as a crazy and violent leader. Similarly, Jews are encouraged to consider the Prophet of Allah’s legacy, as they can learn that he had reverence and respect for their ancient faith, Judaism. The Covenants of the Prophet Muhammad with the Christians of the World recognizes that although there are differences between Islam, Christianity, and Judaism, Muslims are nonetheless advised by Prophet Muhammad to respect and embrace Christian and Jewish communities. The covenants of the Prophet of Allah, as Morrow notes, paint a clear picture of how Muslims are to treat their minority communities. Morrow’s book reminds us of the possibility that Muslims, Christians, and Jews can live side-by-side in peace and harmony if only they heed the advice of Prophet Muhammad.

When Parents Drop Out! expression but an apt analogy behooves us. It does not take a rocket scientist to imagine the outcome of such a lifestyle. Such perverted (parental) behavior is then solely responsible for producing bubbleblowing toddlers and gun-carrying teenagers! Society expects its members to be conformists; to have a house with a room for every family member and pet, to have more than one car, to have a yearly vacation, to dine-out weekly and to accumulate frivolous things and engage in mundane activities. Those who choose to rebel are then looked down as backward non-conformists. But parents must make a decision to either opt for all the fun of this temporal world or the perpetual contentment of the eternal Hereafter. Schools are designed to ‘produce’ and parents accomplice to help them ‘prosper’. There is a marked difference between a wellschooled child and an educated kid.

Many teachers record their worries about their problem students and the common denominator is always the same: detached parents. Those who recognize that they have become ‘drop-out parents’ should take some time off from everything and reflect and internalize

Parents make fruitful connections when they are with their children at home, dissecting what happened in class that day or puzzling over an assignment together within. Parental interest should not be limited to classrooms. In fact, many of life’s lessons are learned in the extracurricular activities. A father’s talking on cell phone riffling through a manila envelope during his child’s finest moment of joy and

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achievement offers nothing more than a broken-heart. But an involved parent and their awakened participation in their child’s activities, may that be a soccer game, art class or simple arithmetic lessons, not only cheers a fragile heart but in fact strengthens it. Parents make fruitful connections when they are with their children at home, dissecting what happened in class that day or puzzling over an assignment together. Children immensely benefit from individualized attention, tailored to their unique learning styles and capabilities. Parents make many more contributions when they engage with their children in appropriate family games, puzzles, experiments, designing and modeling activities involving academic and common sense skills. Here are some suggestions to get started: Plan and Follow Through: Organize each night after dinner a focused but informal session with

children on varied subjects like, math and science, Qur’an, history, good behavior, and even the occasional pillow fight. Explore: Take a walk in the woods feeding birds, or gaze at the stars while reading the Sura An Najm (53); Do works of charity like feeding the hungry or giving hope of health to a sick person. Teach your children to question themselves and explore our purpose of creation and existence. Play & Pray: Rolling around on the floor after dinner with the kids is not uncivil, and accompanying kids and playing like them is not an embarrassment. Congregational prayer with the kids in a public park does no harm. Let us recall sweeping away a fallen yellow leaf thinking it is trash. Nay it is not, it embodies within it all knowledge of the tree. Always remember that parents have choices. Let us pray what Allah has taught us to pray for our families. “Our Lord! Grant unto us wives and offspring who will be the comfort of our eyes, and give us (the grace) to lead the righteous.”


OPINION

P10 – PAKISTAN LINK – JANUARY 31, 2014 n By Dr Syed Amir Bethesda, MD

I

t sounds incredible that a reclusive Muslim Sufi and charismatic scholar living quietly in the peaceful foothills of the Pocono Mountains in the state of Pennsylvania commands a vast following in Turkey, his country of birth, and exercises significant influence around the Islamic world. Fethullah Gulen, 72, has lived in the US for about seventeen years, yet most Americans have never heard of him and his name is rarely mentioned in the news media. An aura of mystery and enigma surrounds him. He came to America in 1999, seeking medical treatment and while here was accused of plotting to overthrow the secular form of government in Turkey and replacing it with an Islamic one. He never returned, even though he was subsequently exonerated of all charges.

Born near Erzurum, Eastern Turkey, into a family entrenched in Sufi traditions, Gulen is often described as a charismatic, self-effacing preacher. As a young cleric, he served at various mosques in Turkey, but soon developed a philosophy of his own that emphasized the synthesis of faith with modernity and secular ethos. He is believed to have drawn inspiration from the ideas and wisdom of past Sufi scholars, especially Mawlana Jalaluddin Rumi (12071273), and Bediüzzaman Said Nursi (1877-1960). The latter was a Kurdish theologian, known for his extensive commentaries on the Qur’an and advocacy of the teaching of modern sciences, technology and secular education in all religious institutions. In his preaching, Nursi emphasized that Muslims should not devote energies to building more mosques, but rather to building more schools and universities.

n By Dr Aslam Abdullah

D

Las Vegas, CA

elhi’s chief minister was on a sit-in, recently, demanding the suspension of police officers who were allegedly derelict in their duty. The reason was that the Delhi Police is not under the control of Delhi government. It is under the supervision of the federal government. People called him mad and argued that he is a protestor in chief and an embarrassment to his office. They said so because many want their chief minister to live in a certain way, dress in a certain way, and conduct his life in a certain way. They do not expect him to organize protest rallies and sit-ins.

He is considered part of a power elite and elites must behave elegantly in a manner that would separate them from the common man. One of the characteristic traits of an elite is that he is not approachable to his people. But Kejriwal did not come to power to earn a status for himself. He is in power because of the common men and he wants to live and behave like them. That explains the reason that he took to the streets of Delhi because the Delhi police failed to act on behalf of rape victims. Who

The Long Shadow of a Sufi Preacher Borrowing from Nursi, Gulen stressed the importance of acquiring Western knowledge that he perceived essential for the survival and advancement of Muslims in the contemporary world. His ideas won many followers in Turkey and beyond, especially in the newly independent Republics of Central Asia. His message, which he communicates primarily through his website, is usually delivered in a subtle, gentle manner. According to some estimates there are more than 1,000 schools in many different parts of the world, including Pakistan and the United States, that blend the teaching of religion and modern sciences and are inspired by and affiliated with the Gulen movement. In Pakistan, Turkish schools have been operating in seven cities for some years and provide intense courses in mathematics and physical sciences. They stand out in sharp contrast to antiquated madrasas that focus on religious and eschatological studies, and generate mostly unemployable, radicalized youths with no saleable skills. In 2012, a student at a Turkish school in Pakistan won the championship in mathematics in an international competition conducted by Cambridge University, highlighting the success of these institutions. The Turkish model has also been successful in the US. According to a report aired in May 2012, by a popular weekly news program, Sixty Minutes, there were 130 charter public schools in 26 states in the US, providing high-quality, state-of-theart science education. Competition for admission is fierce, and many of the students are drawn from underprivileged segments of society. The achievement of these schools has aroused some suspicion in this country as to the real motives behind the Gulen movement. Some have accused them of surreptitiously spreading religion and importing

Turkish teachers on visas obtained on dubious grounds. None of these accusations, however, has ever been substantiated. The Gulen movement has especially flourished in Turkey. Besides controlling a vast network of busi-

Paradoxically, Erdogan and Gulen grew up with similar progressive Islamic traditions and are former close allies. They cooperated for years in removing the involvement of the Turkish military from the body politic of the country, while striving to moderate the aggressive secular policies of previous Governments

nesses, hospitals and academic institutions, it owns an Islamic bank, with assets in billions, and the country’s largest newspaper, Zaman. Many of its members occupy powerful positions in the country’s police and judiciary. Consequently, while living five thousand miles away in self-imposed exile, Gulen exerts powerful influence and casts a long shadow on the political landscape of his homeland.

He and his movement have been much in the news lately, because of their embroilment in a vicious quarrel with the Turkish Prime Minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Erdogan is currently battling an existential threat to his political survival as some of his close associates have been implicated in corruption and bribery scandals. In December, police found 4.5 million dollars concealed and stuffed in shoe boxes at the home of the manager of the state-owned bank, Halkbank. Then, the public prosecutor, Zekeriya Oz, charged the sons of three cabinet ministers with bribery and corruption that led to the resignation of their fathers. Many influential members of Mr Erdogan’s Justice and Development Party (AKP) have been arrested on various charges of corruption and misconduct in awarding Government contracts. Angered by the widening net of graft investigation, Erdogan fired the public prosecutor, who is believed to be a supporter of the Gulen movement and removed hundreds of police officers from their posts, causing a furor. Erdogan has accused foreign forces of conspiracy against his government, specifically naming Gulen and his supporters, who occupy key positions in the country, blaming

Kejriwal, Delhi’s Chief Minister, Is Not a Mad Man in India or the world would risk one’s political career for the sake of two nameless and unknown women? Probably no one, not even the loudest champions of women’s rights. This has shocked the media, the politicians and most middle class people who have developed an easy lifestyle to protest and protect their interests, who are willing to talk big without contributing anything substantial to the welfare and well being of the common man. Kerjriwal has emerged as a phenomenon and a criterion people would judge others on. He is changing the rules of politics. He is redefining democracy. He is challenging the status quo and he is bringing in the system common men who usually sit on the periphery of politics. He is telling the people that whatever they get from their political system is their right and politicians are in the system to serve them, not to master them. How long would he survive, only time would tell. The powerful interests in India probably would not want him for long. They would love to see his political demise sooner than later. They would not even shed crocodile tears if he is eliminated physically. Apparently, the police has already started plotting that game. The Delhi Police informed him

that Indian Mujahideen are about to kidnap him. In India, not many people are there to demand hard evidence from the police or intelligence agencies. Even if they demand, the police does not care. The police and intelligence agencies can concoct any fact, prepare any evidence, organize any crime. They can frame anyone and accuse any group of committing any crime. Who knows how many crimes have been committed by the police and intelligence agencies and who knows how many people were framed by the police? A quick look at India’s fake encounters offers a grim reality to that.

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In fact, there is no provision in India where truth can come out truly. Corruption is everywhere. So it’s possible that Kejriwal might face the same fate that many Muslim youth in India have faced in the last few decades where the police and intelligence framed them in crimes they never committed or where the law enforcement agencies killed them in a fake encounter. The only way to break the arrogance of the police and law enforcement agencies and the politicians as well as bureaucrats in India is to empower ordinary Indians to play an effective role in governing themselves. Kejriwal offers that alternative. He knows that his alternative would not work under the present political system. He would have to change the system and he is ready to use any non-violent means to challenge the status quo. He understands what is at risk and why is he doing what he is doing. His success would depend on his ability to communicate with the common man. If he has channels other than the media channels, then he is going to succeed. If he is relying on the media for the transmission of his message, then he would lose because the media in India is not controlled by the people. It is controlled by powerful interests, backed by politicians and bigwigs.

them as the source of his mounting troubles. He accused them of “seeking to create a state within a state.” Gulen, however, has denied any involvement in the brewing crisis. This is an interesting turnaround in Turkish politics. Paradoxically, Erdogan and Gulen grew up with similar progressive Islamic traditions and are former close allies. They cooperated for years in removing the involvement of the Turkish military from the body politic of the country, while striving to moderate the aggressive secular policies of previous Governments. The relations between the Gulen movement and AKP became strained last November, when the Government announced the closure of Gulen education centers in Turkey that have been a significant source of income for the movement. The two powerful political movements, with Islamic orientation, have now become bitter rivals. The turmoil in Turkey is still unresolved and ongoing and has the potential to tarnish Erdogan’s luminous legacy. Importantly, some of the undemocratic measures taken by him may damage the prospects of Turkish membership in the European Union. Erdogan has a track record of many accomplishments and remains a popular figure. However, he is facing the second major challenge to his authority within a year. Last June, his government was badly shaken with huge demonstrations against his plans to restructure a popular park in central Istanbul and had much difficulty in quelling the opposition. Many political observers believe that Erdogan may be suffering from a familiar syndrome that commonly affects authoritarian rulers, however capable, who stay in power for too long -- alienation from reality and a belief in their own infallibility. He has already been in power in Turkey for eleven years and has no plans to step down until 2023, the centenary of the founding of the modern Turkish Republic. The only way to tackle a hostile media is to have strong spokespersons. Kejriwal would need strong media spokespersons who can articulate the party’s ideas in the language of the common man. Muslims are acting like spectators in this epic battle for the soul of India. Their style of politics is hurtful to them more than anyone else. They ought to define their role in this epic battle. Are they willing to take a chance and support the party that is challenging the status quo or are they going to be conservative in their approach and support the old players? Muslim masses have been rendered so ineffective by their own leadership that they are afraid of taking independent decisions. They are still looking up to their existing leadership to find a way for them. They need to think out of the box if they really want to be part of the new India. Kejriwal or no Kejriwal, India is changing and the forces of change would dictate their terms on people. The change in India would definitely owe itself to the politics of Kejriwal who has given a new vision and new meaning to democracy. After all, the changes that we have seen in every aspect of our life have come as a result of some extra-ordinary actions taken by a few individuals their contemporaries initially defined as mad, crazy, manipulative, etc. Kejriwal is no exception.


PAKISTAN

JANUARY 31, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P11

Four Killed in Attacks on Rangers in Karachi

Decisive Consultation underway after Fresh TTP Offer: Nisar

Islamabad: Minister for Interior

Rangers collect evidence after the blast under the Nazimabad flyover in Karachi

Karachi: Four people, including three Rangers, were killed and eight others were injured in three consecutive bombings in Karachi on Wednesday. The bombings took place in the city’s North Nazimabad locality, just three days after six policemen were killed in back-to-back attacks on police vans in the Landhi area of Karachi. The first bomb, planted by the roadside under the Nazimabad No 7 flyover, exploded around 9:45am and resulted in no casualties. However, roughly 15 minutes later, as Rangers and police personnel were collecting evidence from the site, the second bomb exploded. One Ranger was killed while four other Rangers, a policeman, rescue worker and bystander were injured in the blast. According to witnesses, the two blasts took place near an under-construction Rangers checkpoint. Less than two hours later, the third blast, a suicide bombing, took place outside the main entrance of the headquarters of Pakistan Rangers Sacchal Wing, roughly half a kilometer away from the site of the first two attacks. Two rangers and the security guard of the nearby telephone exchange were killed and two passersby were wounded in the attack. “A bearded young man, dressed in shalwar kameez and wearing a suicide vest, attempted to breach the Rangers HQ,” one of the surviving soldiers told The Express Tribune. “He blew himself up as soon as one of our jawans noticed him and asked him to stop,” he added. The victims of the three attacks were taken to Abbasi Shaheed Hospital (ASH). Dr Sheraz of ASH confirmed the casualties and said the injured were out of danger. “Pellets were found in the bodies of all the victims,” he added. Dr Sheraz said the hospital also received the remains of the suicide attacker for DNA tests to establish his identity. In its initial report, the bomb disposal squad said the devices used in the first two blasts were concealed in cement blocks and contained around 700g to 800g of explosives

along with ball bearings, nuts, bolts and screws. Talking to The Express Tribune, an official of the BDS said it was likely the two devices were made by the same person. He added that they were detonated using cellphone triggers, parts of which were recovered at the blast site. Meanwhile, according to the BDS report, the suicide vest used in the third blast used six kilograms of explosives. The suicide attacker targeted the same Rangers HQ which was attacked 14 months ago. Three Rangers were killed and 13 others were wounded when a suicide attacker rammed a small truck laden with explosives into the HQ of the Sacchal Wing in November 2012. A senior Rangers official said the attacks could be retaliation for the paramilitary force’s operations

in Manghopir and its adjoining areas. “The November 2012 attack was carried out in response to the arrests of some members of certain armed groups… We have arrested some other key members of such groups in recent raids and these [Wednesday’s] attacks may be a reaction to that.” Meanwhile, the Rangers spokesman said that the paramilitary soldiers who spotted and stopped the suicide attacker have been recommended for gallantry awards. “The Rangers are not perturbed by this latest attack and it will only rejuvenate their resolve… Rangers will increase the intensity of their operations,” he said. Speaking to reporters on Wednesday, Sindh Chief Minister Qaim Ali Shah condemned the attacks and appreciated the role of Rangers in maintaining law and order in the province.

Fazl Asks Government to Stop Use of ‘Force’ Peshawar:

Jamiat U l e m a - i - Is l a m - Fa z l (JUI-F) chief Maulana Fazlur Rehman has called upon the government to stop using force against militants and hold negotiations for restoring peace in the country. Addressing a large public meeting in Hashtnagri on the G.T. Road on Sunday, the Maulana said his party had set up a Fata jirga which could play an effective role if all other efforts for peace in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the tribal region fail. “The people hiding in forests should be convinced to lay down arms and accept the writ of law,” he said, adding that the peace process should be given a chance to end the bloodshed on a permanent basis. Expressing reservations over the proposed military operations, Maulana Fazl said the use of force was not a solution to the problem. The prevailing situation could be controlled only through a national security

policy. He said parliament and an all-party conference held in September last year had given a mandate to the government to restore peace through dialogue and wondered why their resolutions were not implemented. He said the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government was unable to run the affairs of the province; it did not even have the ability to save the provincial capital from attackers. “We have asked the PML-N leadership to take pity on the province since the ruling party (Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf) has not been able to overcome the crisis, but our opinion was given another color,” the JUI-F chief said, adding that his party did not want to indulge in the power game. It only sought to save the country and establish the rule of law. He said the JUI-F had condemned the killing of security FAZL, P13

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Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan Monday apprised the National Assembly on Monday that the government was consulting all stakeholders, including politicians and security agencies, to heed a fresh offer of dialogue from Pakistani Taliban. “As the nation seemed to be forging unity on the issue of terrorism, they once again showed willingness for dialogue. We will have to decide as to how to move forward. But for this, we should set aside our political motives and associations,” he said while responding to the points raised by the opposition members as the house discussed the country’s law and order situation. The minister said since 9/11 Pakistan had faced around 2,000 terror incidents and political unity was a must to ensure success of any decision, either for dialogue or military operation against the militants. He said the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) never politicized the issue of terrorism during the last five years and always called for consensus through all parties conference. IMRAN ASSURES SUPPORT IF TAKEN ONBOARD: Responding to the Interior Minister’s speech, PTI chief Imran Khan extended support to the government on countering terrorism but asked it to take all political forces in the country into confidence. “I second the stance of Chaudhry Nisar. His sincerity to resolve the issue is above board. Terrorism has been swelling over the last nine years and it is a complicated issue,” he said in the National Assembly in response to the interior minister’s speech. He also assured no politicking on the issue. “I can understand the hazards in talks as well as operation and this situation demands a true leadership.” The PTI chief said some Taliban groups are being funded from abroad and when the government tries to start talks with some groups, others opt for bombings. “But, we assure the prime minis-

ter and the government that we won’t go for point scoring on this issue.” “I do understand it is a difficult situation. But, we are also a party and answerable to masses. At least we should have something to tell our party and the people,” said Khan. The PTI chief said the present situation was worrisome and demanded a well thought-out strategy to meet the challenge of terrorism as well as the situation which would emerge in the region after the withdrawal of the US forces from Afghanistan. Awami Muslim League (AML) chief Shiekh Rasheed Ahmed said that after targeted operation, Taliban suffered massive losses and they would show a massive reaction. He said the situation is gruesome but the opposition is with the government. Therefore, whatever decision the government takes, must be made with sincerity.

Thousands Flee North Waziristan Miranshah: Thousands of North Waziristan residents, fearing a military offensive against Taliban insurgents, have fled their homes, officials said on Sunday. Residents said some 1,500 families or about 13,000 people left their villages around the towns of Mir Ali and Miranshah, to migrate to relatively safer areas outside the tribal areas in Bannu, Dera Ismail Khan and Peshawar. The exodus began last week when Pakistan Air Force fighter jets bombarded the area following a series of militant attacks on security forces and civilians which killed more than 100 people in a week. North Waziristan is one of seven semi-autonomous regions in Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) bordering Afghanistan and governed by tribal laws. WAZIRISTAN, P13

Amid Warnings, TTP Reiterates Dialogue Offer Peshawar: The Tehreek-e-Taliban

Pakistan (TTP), while reiterating its dialogue offer, said that talks could prove fruitful if “Islam-loving, patriotic and educated stratum of society stepped forward”. In a statement issued on Monday, which seemed to be directed at ‘enlightened and patriotic Pakistanis’, the group’s central spokesperson Shahidullah Shahid said the TTP was an ‘ideological, militant organisation’, which did not believe in politics based on lies and deception. “Duplicitous political statements are better suited for the secular parties.” “Our stance on war and talks is publicly known,” he said, adding that the flippant attitude of the government towards dialogue as well as its lack of resolve and seriousness has been exposed. “All the people concerned are disappointed with the government’s attitude.” Attacks on mosques and in marketplaces are the works of antiIslam forces as well as the spy agencies, he claimed. “We have always stayed away from such attacks. We

are the protectors of the life and property of Muslims,” he added. In the guise of dialogue, the government has ordered the security forces to take action against innocent people in the tribal areas. Scores of people are killed in a single attack, he added. “And the government blames us for attacking people, which is baseless.” He said the present government has adopted the policies of its predecessors who have always used dialogue as a political tool and those who have betrayed Islam and Pakistan in exchange for a few dollars. If the leaders were loyal to this nation, this war would have never started, said Shahid. “Serious steps should be taken rather than doubledealing politics.” The TTP spokesperson said peace talks could only be possible if those sincere to the country come forward to resolve the issue and rid it of foreign clutches. “If war continues to be waged against innocent people of the tribal areas, then Pakistan may face a serious crisis.”


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Manmohan Plans to Visit Pakistan in March

New Delhi: In what might be his final major diplomatic move as prime minister, Manmohan Singh appears to have finally agreed to visit Pakistan to revive the stalled composite dialogue. It is learnt the visit will take place most probably in March, after the Budget session of Parliament, yet at least a month before elections. It is likely the next Lok Sabha elections will be around mid-April and continue till early May. The main agenda of the visit, say sources, will be resumption of the composite dialogue between the two governments. Commerce and industry minister Anand Sharma has been asked to pave the way for the PM’s visit when he goes to Pakistan next month to attend the Madein-India show, an exhibition expected to be held in Lahore on February 14-16. The dialogue got suspended after an Indian soldier was allegedly beheaded on the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir in January last year. After that, several reports of ceasefire violations by both sides started emerging. The matter came to rest with the much-awaited meeting of the Directors-General of Military Operations on December 24, which took place after 14 years. Both sides decided to maintain peace on the border and matters appear to have begun to brighten up after this meeting. The Composite Dialogue Process spans all the issues pending between the neighbors, including the dispute on J&K, Sir Creek and Siachen. It formally began in 1997

between I K Gujral, the then PM in India, and Nawaz Sharif, then and now the Paistan PM. It also deals with other “confidence building measures”, such as economic and commercial cooperation, cooperation on terrorism and drug trafficking. “We are committed to forging friendly and cooperative relations between our two countries, which we believe are in our mutual interest and essential for the progress and prosperity of the peoples of our region,” Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif told Singh on the occasion of the Republic Day. There are also loud murmurs doing the rounds that when Singh visits Pakistan, the latter will phase out the ‘negative list’ of items for trade, which technically means giving India the ‘Most Favored Nation’ trade status, the term for non-discriminatory market access. Singh was reportedly keen to

visit the village where he was born, Gah in the Pak Punjab. On January 3, during one of his rare press interactions, he had been quite explicit in stating his desire to visit Pakistan before the elections. When contacted, officials in the Prime Minister’s office told Business Standard that Singh had spoken the last words on the issue at this press conference. At the conference, the prime minister had said, “I would very much like to go to Pakistan. I was born in a village which is now part of west Punjab.” He, however, had also added that as prime minister of the country, he should go to visit Pakistan if conditions are appropriate to achieve solid results. “I have thought of it many times, but ultimately I felt that circumstances were not appropriate for my visit. I still have not given up hope of going to Pakistan before I complete my tenure as prime minister,” Singh had said. In recent months, there had been several high-level visits from Pakistan after the new Sharif government came to power there. Sharif had invited Singh to visit Pakistan several times, through various diplomatic channels. Immediately after coming to power last May, he sent a special envoy, Shaharyar M Khan, extending an invite as part of his Track-II diplomacy with India. This was followed by the visit of Sharif ’s advisor on foreign affairs, Sartaj Aziz, who came during the Asia-Europe summit in November and met Singh, urging him to revive the composite dialogue.

Two US Hospitals Contacted for Musharraf’s Angiography

Karachi: Two hospitals in the Unit-

ed States of America were contacted regarding the former president General (retd) Pervez Musharraf ’s angiography, Express News reported on Saturday. The former military ruler’s medical report was also sent to both the hospitals. Musharraf faces treason charges under Article 6 for suspending, subverting and abrogating the Constitution, imposing an emergency in the country in November 2007 and detaining judges of the superior courts. The 70-year-old had fallen ill and was taken to the Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology in Rawalpindi on January 2 as he was being transported under heavy guard to the court and is continuing his treatment there. Musharraf has been at AFIC for over three weeks now. It was reported on January 24 that Musharraf is unwilling to undergo angiography in Pakistan and wishes to go abroad for treatment as the cardiac support system in the country is not up to the standard. The report, which Express News had obtained, had stated that the former president should get angiography done as soon as possible. It had added that Musharraf ’s health is such that a heart attack could be “life-threatening”. On January 16, Musharraf ’s USbased doctor, Dr Arjumand Hashmi – after reviewing the former president’s medical reports – had recommended that the former military

ruler should be immediately sent abroad for treatment.

Prosecution Rejects Medical Report

Islamabad:

In the high treason trial of former military ruler General (retd) Pervez Musharraf, the prosecution on Monday rejected Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology’s (AFIC) medical report as hypothetical, inconclusive and unsatisfactory. “The report contains conjectures and hypothetical situations, which are inapplicable to the accused and as such do not deserve a serious consideration,” said the prosecution in its written objection. The prosecution said the report was inconclusive and made attempts to thwart the judicial process by urging the special court to come to a decision regarding further procedures/ interventions without expressing as to whether the pre-requisite tests

prior to angiogram had been performed. It said the special court had directed the constitution of a medical board comprising senior doctors of the AFIC to verify Musharraf ’s state of health in light of his continuous non-appearance before this special court. “The instant medical report, with respect to any outcomes, is virtually a duplication of the previous medical report dated January 7, 2014. The findings of the medical report are inconclusive and deliberately vague,” it said. The prosecution claims the report disclosed no reasons as to why a patient of such a disease needed constant hospitalization since January 2, 2014, especially without any progress in his clinical evaluation or management. “There are non invasive procedures like the ETT and thalium scan which are performed before considering the invasive test of Angiogram,” it said. The court did not gain anything from this second medical report. “Rather the time of the court had recklessly been wasted at the cost of the reputation of a premier institution of cardiac disease,” it added. “Even if the accused needs medical supervision that does not render him unable to make attendance before this special court and it is now manifest that the accused is prolonging stay in hospital in order to evade the judicial process,” it said.

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While Politicians Squabble, the TTP Gears up

n By Hasan Abdullah Kunar: While Pakistan’s politicians

show only indecisiveness over a strategy for dealing with militants, the Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) has quietly been making the most of the situation and is gearing up for what it conceives as the “long war ahead”. Some of Pakistan’s politicians appear to believe that the country’s militancy issues would be resolved once the US and its allies exit Afghanistan. But commanders of the officially banned TTP and even the Afghan Taliban think otherwise. According to them, the withdrawal of US-led troops would merely mark the end of one phase of operations and their “long war” will continue until the establishment of a global caliphate. They make no bones about their desire to extend their expansionist designs to Pakistan, once they are powerful enough. The TTP has been holding marathon meetings here in Afghanistan as well as in Fata, and inducting some known hawks into prominent positions. Qari Shakeel Ahmed Haqqani, the deputy chief of the banned organization’s Mohmand chapter, has been appointed the head of the TTP’s political shura. “He has previously served as the head of the TTP’s grand shura and is known as a person who does not compromise on his principles,” a TTP leader based in North Waziristan told Dawn, adding that some of the earlier commanders had not been as “ambitious” and “decisive” as Haqqani. This scribe recently met Qari Shakeel Ahmed Haqqani here and questioned him on the chances of a successful dialogue given that the TTP is refusing to halt attacks in Pakistan. “A ceasefire is a two-way process,” he said. “You expect us to cease attacks when the government is continuing its operations in Fata and in the cities. We want to make it clear that if we are talking about dialogue then it is not from a position of weakness. We are very capable of fighting.” Dawn spoke to dozens of TTP fighters based in Afghanistan and different parts of Fata; they displayed unanimity in their position on talks. “Everyone knows that Shariah cannot be implemented through talks,” said Asad Khan, a fighter from the TTP’s Mohmand chapter. So why bother with considering talks in the first place? This was asked of Ehsanullah Ehsan, former

chief spokesman of the TTP and currently serving as a senior member of the political shura. “We also long for peace and are willing to explore all options if that benefits the people of Pakistan,” he said. But a member of the TTP’s grand shura acknowledged on condition of anonymity that the real motives are different. “Alhamdulillah we have managed to gain many of the benefits that were obtained by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) through the sulah of Hudaybiah,” he said. “Some of the benefits gained through the treaty of Hudaybiah included political legitimacy, the time and space to regroup and the opportunity to engage with the public,” explained Mufti Tahir Jami, a Karachi-based religious scholar. An analysis of the statements coming from TTP (central) and its Mohmand branch suggests internal differences. The TTP Mohmand comes across as trying to sabotage the talks process. Some, however, believe that this is part of the game. “It seems that the TTP has deliberately created the impression that there is a difference of opinion between different factions, such as the Mohmand group and the center. I believe this is a ploy — good cop, bad cop,” said Tariq Habib, an investigative journalist who reports on militancy. “We are willing to hold talks even at this stage but the government is not sincere,” said TTP spokesman Shahidullah Shahid. “The government does not even have the power to take key decisions. We are prepared for a ceasefire but the government must first announce a ceasefire from its side.” - Dawn MEDIA FROM P15

TTP sources, some people within the organisation had initially opposed targeting the media on “strategic grounds”. “But later on it was decided that the media was basically the institution driving this war and public opinion. When it is already defaming us, we really don’t have much to lose and may as well deal with the media as a party to this war,” said a member of the TTP media committee. “Even at this stage the media could mend its ways and become a neutral entity,” asserted Ehsan. “Otherwise, the media should not feel secure. A few barriers and security escorts will not help. If we can get inside military installations, media offices should not be too much of a challenge,” he threatened.


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US, Pakistan Seek to Redraw Blueprint for Ties

n By Anwar Iqbal Washington, DC: National Secu-

rity and Foreign Affairs Adviser Sartaj Aziz arrived in Washington on Sunday for US-Pakistan strategic dialogue which seeks to redraw a blueprint for a future relationship between the two allies. The dialogue, which begins on Monday, resumes after a three-year gap and will focus on economic and security cooperation between the two countries. “The security dialogue will focus on issues like reconciliation in Afghanistan and how Pakistan is addressing its own internal security challenges and what if anything the United States can do to help in that regard,” said a senior US official. There will be a plenary session to kick off the Strategic Dialogue which Mr Aziz will chair while US Secretary of State John Kerry will lead the US team. Senior representatives from the US Department of Defence, Energy, Overseas Private Investment Corporation, USAID, US Trade Representatives and the Department of Treasury will also attend the plenary session. Pakistanis will also have separate

Islamabad: Pakistani officials used a secret counter-terrorism fund to buy wedding gifts, luxury carpets and gold jewelry for relatives of ministers and visiting dignitaries, according to documents seen by AFP. The revelations cast a spotlight on high-level corruption in Pakistan as the impoverished but nucleararmed country battles a surge in Taliban violence. They concern the National Crisis Management Cell (NCMC) of Pakistan’s interior ministry, formed in 2000 to coordinate between the country’s intelligence agencies and federal and provincial governments on national security matters. The US and other Western countries have poured billions of dollars into Pakistan since the 9/11 attacks of 2001 to help in its fight against Taliban and al Qaeda linked militants. The NCMC received some 425 million rupees ($4.3 million) from Pakistani government coffers from 2009-2013, according to files obtained by Umar Cheema, an investigative journalist for Pakistani daily The News, and seen by AFP. During that time the interior ministry was headed by Rehman Malik, a flamboyant loyalist of former president Asif Ali Zardari’s Pakistan People’s Party (PPP). Many of the documents deal with payments to intelligence sourc-

meetings with their counterparts at departments of defense, energy, and at the White House with the US National Security Adviser. “There will be a real opportunity for a robust discussion,” on economic cooperation, said another senior US official while briefing the media on the talks. Water and Power Minister Khawaja Mohammed Asif will also participate in the talks with other senior officials from various departments. “Pakistanis in particular have really tried to move this relationship to a much more trade-based one as opposed to just assistance,” the US official said. The United States, he said, already had a direct bilateral economic relationship with Pakistan and it was also Pakistan’s largest market. “We have an interest in Pakistan’s economic development. And we have an interest in Pakistan’s domestic security,” he said. “Pakistan is large, populous, a nuclear armed nation, and it’s important that its constitutional order and democratic processes continue to be strengthened.” “One of the points of discussion will be how are things going in Afghanistan, what are the prospects for

this year. The Pakistanis, for instance, have encouraged Afghanistan to go ahead and complete the Bilateral Security Agreement,” the official added. A US official explained that the United States had been encouraging Pakistan to improve its relations with India and had welcomed Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif ’s initiatives aimed at achieving this goal. “He’s taken some initiatives. He’s met with his Indian counterpart. And I expect they’ll want to tell us about what they see as the prospects in that regard,” the official said. Another US official said the United States was also helping Pakistan overcome its energy crisis. “We’ve helped to put another thousand megawatts of power on the grid. But we’re really looking at regional solutions as well. Making sure that Pakistan is well integrated into a regional approach and this includes a $15 million commitment we made to CASA 1000,” the official explained. The United States, he said, was also encouraging policy reforms because it believed that those reforms were important to address the energy crisis. Emphasizing the need for friendly relations between Pakistan and Afghanistan, the official pointed out that they had to learn to live with each other. “Afghanistan’s principal gateway to the world is through Pakistan and Pakistan’s principal gateway to Central Asia is through Afghanistan,” he said. The official noted that the Pakistani prime minister had a good working relationship with Afghan President Hamid Karzai, who leaves office later this year. “But I think Prime Minister Sharif would … establish a comparable personal relationship with his successor … and would certainly want to sustain a productive relationship with Afghanistan,” the official added. - Dawn

Pakistan Receives 50% Funds Earmarked under US Aid Bill Islamabad: United States has disbursed over 3.8 billion dollars to Pakistan over last four years under Kerry Lugar bill, Radio Pakistan reported. Parliamentary Secretary for Finance Rana Muhammad Afzal Khan informed the national assembly on Monday that Pakistan has received over $3.8 billion against the total obligation of $7.5 billion under the Kerry-Lugar-Berman bill from the US. Speaking at the parliament during the question hour session, the finance secretary also provided a breakup of the assistance received. $252 million were received for energy sector programs, over $185 million for economic growth and agriculture, while over $323 million were received for education and $272 million for the health sector. Pakistan also received $195 million for democratic governance‚ $1.157 billion for emergency and flood relief‚ $549 million cash transferred‚ $754 million under stabilization program and $137 million for humanitarian assistance. Khan also informed the house that The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has provided grant assistance of over $18.5 million from 2012-13 onwards. JICA also provided Pakistan over $193 million in loan assistance. Widening the tax net: The Parliamentary Secretary informed the house that the government intends to bring 100,000 new tax payers under the tax net during the current financial year. Government also aims to bring 100,000 new tax payers in each of the following two years, said Khan. The parliamentary secretary added that over 61,000 potential tax payers have been issued notices requiring filing of tax return during the current financial year.

Counter-terror Funds Spent on Luxury Gifts! es, routine maintenance of vehicles and overtime for employees. But the files also include receipts for gifts for US and British embassy officials, as well as flowers and sweets for journalists. One receipt for 70,000 rupees ($700) is itemized as a “Pair of wrist watches for marriage of nephew of minister for interior”. The documents show that on a trip to Rome for an Interpol conference in November 2012, Malik took a necklace, wooden tables and a TouchMate tablet computer as gifts. The counter-terror fund was also used to buy three rugs as wedding gifts for the son of former prime minister Raja Pervez Ashraf early last year. A set of 21-carat gold jewelry worth $3,000 was bought for one unnamed individual, while another was the recipient of a $1,500 set. A handicrafts store in Islamabad was paid some $23,000 in December 2012 for carpets and crafts given to local officials and delegations from the EU, Iran and India. Among the more bizarre items paid for from the fund was the $800 cost of four sacrificial goats, plus butchery costs, listed as “stabbing charges”, for the festival of Eid-ulAzha. Alms to the poor and donations

A set of 21-carat gold jewelry worth $3,000 was bought out of the counter-terror fund for one unnamed individual, while another was the recipient of a $1,500 set

of sweets, flowers, and cash to a local Sufi saint were also made from the fund in 2012, the documents show. Pakistan’s present government, led by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, has ordered an audit of the interior ministry accounts from 2010-2013. Ministry spokesman Danyal Gilani confirmed the audit was ongoing but declined to indicate a timeframe for its completion. The director general of the NCMC, Tariq Lodhi, did not respond to repeated attempts to seek comment. Upon coming to power in June last year, Sharif ’s government abolished secret funds in 16 minis-

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tries in an effort to curb corruption and rein in spending. Malik, who as minister was famed for his expensive ties and purple hair-dye, mounted a firm defense of his conduct on Twitter, denying he had used the fund and saying it was “never under the control of the minister”. Asked why some receipts contained hand-written instructions saying they were the minister’s directives, Malik told AFP: “You know how Pakistan works. Just because it mentions me does not mean I personally authorized the payments.” In a tweet, he said using funds to en-

To another question‚ he said the cumulative impact of devaluation of rupee on foreign debt since 2008 is over Rs1.909 trillion. FAZL FROM P11

personnel and destruction of schools, but no one was there to share the same sentiments with “us over the destruction of mosques, attacks on religious seminaries and killing of Madressah students”. He criticized the policies of the coalition partners in the KP government and said the blockade of Nato supplies was an attempt to hoodwink the public because on the one hand the PTI was criticizing the United States and, on the other, it was accepting billions of dollars from the Americans. He alleged that the PTI had blocked the supplies to divert public attention from the shortcomings of its government. He said the provincial government had failed to meet its commitment regarding changes in the system. Corruption was rampant and no improvement was seen in health, education and other sectors, he added. “Extortion, target killing, kidnapping for ransom and other crimes have increased manifold and the KP government has almost lost its writ,” the Maulana claimed, adding that the parties making up the ruling coalition had backtracked on their stance regarding negotiations and were now giving signals for a military operation. WAZIRISTAN FROM P11

“Around 1,500 families and up to 13,000 people have left several villages in North Waziristan,” Rafiullah, 25, a resident of Musaki village in Mir Ali, told AFP by phone. “People are unable to find houses in Bannu, so many women, children and old men are lying out in the open,” he said. tertain dignitaries and offer gifts was “routine for 15 years”. But Moinuddin Haider, who served as interior minister from 1999 to 2002, said the NCMC fund was not set up to pay for “gifts abroad”. “The purpose of these funds was to establish offices in the provinces, primarily to be spent on communications equipment and data analysis,” he told AFP. Cheema, who won the Daniel Pearl journalism fellowship in 2008, said the affair was indicative of how officials had turned the national terror crisis, which has killed thousands of people across the country since 2007, to their own benefit. “This abuse clearly explains how our leaders convert a tragedy into an opportunity for personal gains,” he said. “If history is any guide it’s not going to be resolved nor will the abolition of secret funds lead to any corrective measures.” Ayesha Siddiqa, a security analyst, termed the use of the funds “sad”, but said a lack of clear counter-terrorism policy direction by successive governments was also to blame, as well as the way Pakistan’s bureaucracy works. “There is also this problem with the government where if a department gets funds you’re in a hurry to spend them, because if the funds lapse they will be deducted the next year and the department will be reprimanded,” she said.


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JANUARY 31, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P15

Senate Committee Impressed by Morale of Victims of Rawalpindi Blast

Senator Mushahid Hussain et al. enquire about the health of the victims

Islamabad:

The Senate Defense Committee visited the Combined Military Hospital (CMH) on Saturday to inquire about the health of those injured in the terrorist attack in RA Bazar in Rawalpindi and Bannu. The Committee got official protocol and was received by Commandant CMH Major General Salahuddin Qasim, Deputy Commandant Brig Bangash and Brig Nigar on arrival. The Committee members included its Chairman Mushahid Husain Sayed, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain, Senator Farhatullah Babar, Senator Sehar Kamran, Senator Col (R) Tahir Hussain Mashadi and Sharifullah Wazir. The Committee members visited the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), High Dependency Unit (HDU) and General Surgical Wards—and inquired about the health of each and every injured and presented bouquets to all. One of the injured Havildar Jaffar inquired from Chairman Senate’s Defense Committee Mushahid Hussain Sayed as to when Rescue 1122 was launched. Senator Mushahid Hussain Sayed pointed towards Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain and said that Rescue 1122 was established during the tenure of the younger brother of Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain, Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi while he was the Chief Minister Punjab. On this Havaldar Jaffar said his life was saved by Rescue 1122 for which he was thankful to Chaudhry

Pervaiz Elahi. He told the committee that after the blast he was injured and no one was coming near him but the Rescue 1122 group immediately rushed him to the hospital and he was thankful to Almighty Allah that his life had been saved. Commandant CMH Major General Salahuddin Qasim appreciated the gesture of the Senate Defense Committee to visit the hospital and said that the morale of the Pakistan armed forces would be raised with the visit. Chairman Senate Defense Committee Mushahid Hussain Sayed said the Committee members visited the hospital to show their solidarity with the defense forces and citizens. PML-Q President Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain remarked that the high morale of the injured persons gave strength to the nation. Aqeel, one of the injured and a young student with a manifest high morale, told the committee members, “Sir, I am a student of 9th class. My younger brother, who was student of fourth class, was martyred in the terrorist attack. We are alive nation. We will face them.” A soldier Ibrahim who was shifted from Bannu to CMH andlost his two legs in the blast will spend his whole life as a handicapped person. He was preparing himself for a new life with a high morale. “I am ready to sacrifice everything for the defense of the country,” soldier Ibrahim said.

Former HEC Head Found ‘Guilty’ of Plagiarism Islamabad: A former head of the country’s higher education watchdog has been found ‘guilty’ of academia’s greatest crime — plagiarism. A probe committee has found that 30 per cent of the content of a research paper authored by former Higher Education Commission (HEC) chairperson Javed Laghari was plagiarized from a European Union (EU) report. An HEC official revealed that the research paper was copied from a 2002 EU report which is still available online. Interestingly enough, Laghari — who remained HEC chairman for four years until his contract expired on August 27 last year — had reapplied for the post along with over 100 others. The three-member committee, headed by University of Agriculture Faisalabad Vice Chancellor Dr Iqrar Ahmad Khan, has completed its probe after including Laghari’s defense on the issue. Sources said that the findings of the probe will be sent to the HEC for further action. Under HEC rules, severe plagiarism was defined as 20 per cent of the work being unfairly copied. However, under the HEC policy, anybody found guilty of plagiarism before 2007 cannot be punished because the anti-plagiarism policy was adopted that year and was not retroactive while Lagari along and his co-author produced the research paper in 2003. This was also corroborated by Dr Ahmed who said that the plagiarism was done before the anti-plagiarism policy was adopted on September 27, 2007. A h m a d confirmed that they detected the plagiarism by using plagiarism-checking software, and according to him, 30 per cent of the content of the paper was plagiarized. He said that such old plagiarism cases were not entertained under the current HEC policy. “If action is HEC, P29

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Media Now in TTP Crosshairs n By Hasan Abdullah Kunar: After killing thousands of

members of various state organs, as well as others, the violent Tehreek-iTaliban Pakistan (TTP) has decided to extend its war by declaring the country’s media as “party” to the conflict. For the first time since its inception in 2005, the banned militant outfit has not only issued a fatwa against the media but has also prepared a media hit-list — a copy of which is available with Dawn. The 29-page fatwa accuses the media of siding with the “disbelievers”, against Muslims, in the “war on Islam” and inciting people against “the mujahideen” through propaganda as well as of propagating promiscuity and secularism. The fatwa defines three major categories for journalists: “murjif,” “muqatil” and “Sa’ee bil fasad.” “Murjif is someone who engages in propaganda against Muslims during a war between Islam and disbelief,” explains Sheikh Khalid Haqqani, deputy chief of the banned TTP and one of the main authors of this fatwa. “Muqatil is someone who incites disbelievers and their allies to act against Muslims while the third category includes those who corrupt Muslim society through different means such as replacing the Islamic ideology with secular ideologies.” “The media has continuously been lying about us and about our objectives,” Haqqani added. “It has attributed to us some attacks which

we did not carry out and it continues to lie about our objectives.” The fatwa was issued in response to a question submitted to the TTP’s religious committee by its former chief spokesman, Ehsanullah Ehsan. “For a long time, we have been asking the media to be impartial. We are not forcing it to change beliefs. We are simply asking the media to be fair in coverage,” claimed Ehsanullah Ehsan while talking to Dawn. “Despite the tall claims of truth and nothing but the truth, the media has been acting as propagandists.” The initial hit-list prepared by the TTP names nearly two dozen journalists and publishers. It includes the names of a number of media-group owners, the news heads of various television channels, prominent anchors, the editor of a leading English-language newspaper and even some field staff. The TTP may have its own specific reasons for singling out these particular journalists, but has not given any details. Apart from those unexplained reasons, the campaign is meant to terrorise the country’s media into submission. “The job of a journalist is to be fair and tell all sides of a story,” claimed Ehsan. “But we know of journalists who are completely one-sided propagandists. We even know of journalists who work as spies for the police and other departments.”According to MEDIA, P12


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JANUARY 31, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P19

Community Link Friday, January 31, 2014

VOL. 24/5 PAGE 24

How Stephen Cohen Sees the Future of Pakistan

30 Rabi ‘ul-awwal 1435 H

PAGE PAGE30 17

PAGE 25 egum PAGE

Taylor’s Century Leads to Kiwis’ Triumphant Victory

The Girl with the Velvety Voice Speaks up

For news, updated round the clock, visit

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AMV-Sac Co-sponsors Interfaith Dinner at Lutheran Church

The AMV initiated the dinner in the spirit of building bridges with other faiths

n By Abdus Sattar Ghazali he American Muslim Voice Sacramento Chapter cosponsored an interfaith dinner with the Lutheran Church in El Dorado Hills. The dinner was attended by about 80 people.

T

The AMV initiated the dinner in the spirit of building bridges with other faiths. The initiative came about three weeks after a similar interfaith drive when the AMV Sacramento chapter donated 650 dinners to the Loves and Fishes homeless shelter. The AMV volunteers helped in preparing and serving the Christmas Eve dinner. The AMV also donated toys to the Shrines Hospi-

tals for Children in Sacramento for Christmas. Samina Sundas and Khalid Saeed spoke eloquently on questions of common interest about Islam and Muslims. AMV Founding Executive Director, Samina Sundas had come from Palo Alto to attend the dinner. Speaking on the occasion, the AMV President Khalid Saeed emphasized that “we ALL are part of the human family we are all children of one parent --- Adam and Eve.” He was referring to Surah al-Hujurat Verse 13: O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each

other (not that ye may despise (each other). Verily the most honored of you in the sight of God is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And God has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things). He said the objective of the event was to create understanding about Muslims and Islam at the grassroots level. “We Muslims have the same hopes, dreams and desires to live in peace, raise a good family with good education and be the positive contributing member of the society wherever we live in this great landscape.” Our purpose is only to eliminate the biggest fear of them all form

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the hearts and mind, he said, adding, “The fear of the unknown – and move from fear to friendship. Khalid Saeed pointed out that certain verses from the Holy Qur’an are quoted out of context to create a negative image of Islam. In this respect he referred to verse 191 of Al Baqra which is often partially quoted: “And slay them wherever ye catch them.” He said that the complete verse is: “And slay them wherever ye catch them, and turn them out from where they have Turned you out; for tumult and oppression are worse than slaughter; but fight them not at the Sacred Mosque, unless they (first) fight you there; but if they fight you, slay them.

Such is the reward of those who suppress faith.” He also pointed out that the Holy Qur’an says: “Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for Allah loveth not transgressors.” Al Baqra: 190. Interestingly, Rev. Trudy Wojahn Franzen, who introduced Khalid Saeed, was reading the English translation of the Qur’anic verses while he was referring to them. Khalid Saeed referred to the following verses to augument his argument: The prohibited month for the prohibited month,- and so for all things prohibited,- there is the law DINNER, P21


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COPAA and Community Honor Los Angeles Sheriff Leroy D. Baca

n By Tami Shaikh

O

n Jan 25th the Council of Pakistani American Affairs (COPAA) held a colorful evening in honor of Sheriff Leroy Baca. A large number of dignitaries and members of the community attended the function to honor the Sheriff. The event began with a recitation from the Holy Qur’an by Sana Shah. A Pledge of Allegiance ceremony, led by LAPD officer Jim Buck, followed. The national anthems of the United States and Pakistan were subsequently played. The guests were then welcomed by Nighat Kardar who was the master of ceremonies that evening. Speaking on the occasion, COPAA President Adnan Khan applauded Sheriff Baca’s efforts for building bridges of understanding between communities and said the Sheriff had not just been a great friend to the Pakistani-American community but also a great supporter of all immigrants in his jurisdiction. Sheriff

Baca respects all religions and has been a great advocate of the Muslims living in the United States. Tim Watkins, CEO of Watts Labor Action Committee where the event took place, also recognized Sheriff Baca’s efforts. Salam Al-Marayati, Executive Director of MPAC, also spoke at the event and lauded Sheriff Baca for speaking out at the Peter King’s hearings on behalf of the Muslims of America. Mr Tasawar Khan, Consul General of Pakistan, thanked Sheriff Lee Baca on behalf of all Pakistani Americans for his work and his commitment to bring these communities together. Democratic Congresswoman Maxine Waters thanked COPAA President and board members for organizing such a beautiful evening. Congresswoman Waters also appreciated Sherriff Lee Baca’s effort and thanked him for his friendship. Republican Congressman Ed Royce, who was also present, said that Sherriff Baca was a man who had defended the First Amendment, just as the founding fathers of this

country had done. John Chiang, Controller State of California, said that COPAA had organized a wonderfully powerful evening that was attended by so many people from diverse backgrounds who had come together to celebrate Sherriff Baca’s achievements. Mr Chiang said that the gathering was a reflection of the man Sheriff Baca was. Last but not least the chief guest of the evening Los Angeles County Sheriff Lee Baca came on the stage.

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He thanked everyone for coming and taking the time out to be there. He observed, “The founding fathers didn’t come up with a nation to divide people but a nation to unite people, which is why it’s called The United States of America”. Sheriff Baca ended his speech by saying that what really drove him was not his title, nor his power, but the power of God. Sheriff Baca was presented awards by AMWEC, MONA, Mary Su the council woman of Walnut,

COPAA board members and Sheriff Advisory of Hollywood CA. PL adds: Mohammed Khan, Director and Founder of STOPP (Society To Offer Prosperity And Peace), made a few remarks and introduced his guest Congressman Edward Royce, the Chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee. Mr Khan also brought as a guest, Congressman Andre Carson from Indiana, who is the second elected American Muslim Congressman.


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JANUARY 31, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P21

Apply Today for MPAC’s 2014 Young Leaders Summits

Republican Neel Kashkari Announces Candidacy for California Governor

n By Ras H. Siddiqui Sacramento, CA: Neel Kashkari,

the son of Kashmiri immigrants, took the opportunity during his keynote speech at the Sacramento Business Review event held at California State University Sacramento on January 21, 2014 to announce his candidacy for California Governor. At this point it is highly likely that incumbent Governor Jerry Brown (a Democrat) will be running again, but it is not yet confirmed (for this report we waited for Governor Brown’s State of the State speech on November 22nd but did not get his official decision). In any case this announcement by Neel who is often described as a “Moderate Republican”, has added a new level of excitement into the coming race. Governor Brown’s age (he is 75) is sometime brought up as a factor in his upcoming decision but that should not matter to California voters. The event at the university campus began with an introduction by Roger Niello, President and CEO, Sacramento Metro Chamber followed by a warm welcome by Sanjay Varshney, Dean of the College of Business Administration at CSU Sacramento who used his usual humor, wit and charm to get everyone’s attention rather quickly. He said that we were here at this gathering which is the very best business forecast event in town! He added that he was glad to be a part of a team which wants to see the region as more vibrant and business friendly. Sanjay also recognized the dignitaries present including CSU Sacramento President Alexander Gonzalez. He said that this marked the 6th anniversary of the Sacramento Business Review and that during these years the forecasting team has done a very good job. “They have not just been right, they have been near perfect in their predictions,” he said. He also introduced the CFA Society of Sacramento and mentioned the high DINNER FROM P19

of equality. If then any one transgresses the prohibition against you, Transgress ye likewise against him. But fear Allah, and know that Allah is with those who restrain themselves. Al Baqra: 194. And fight them on until there is no more Tumult or oppression, and there prevail justice and faith in Allah. but if they cease, Let there be no hostility except to those who practice

standards it maintains. He thanked his team for all their hard work and all the sponsors (too numerous to list here) for making this event possible. Sanjay also introduced keynote speaker Neel Kashkari. Neel started out by sharing his family’s story, how his parents came to America about 50 years ago in pursuit of higher education. He said that they faced a number of unknowns when they were coming here but once his father landed in Detroit Michigan (because that is where he got a scholarship to go to school) and later in Akron, Ohio (because that is where both parents got jobs) they fulfilled their American Dream. He added that his parents knew that their ticket to the middle class here was through education, and that is why they struggled to make sure that his sister and he got a good education. And they certainly succeeded as his sister became a doctor and he an aerospace engineer who moved to California to work on NASA missions and later served in the federal government. “The American Dream is truly an American experience,” he said. This doesn’t happen (to) folks in Germany. It doesn’t happen in France. It doesn’t happen in China. It doesn’t happen in India, only America.” Neel said that he shared this story because millions of people in California today are struggling, worried about keeping their jobs, worried about keeping a roof over their head and worried about what school they are sending their kids to. He said that more and more regulation coming out of Sacramento is making the state less economically attractive. “This is the state I love,” he said. “I moved here in 1998. I love California. But I can’t believe that our state is failing so many of our people.” He went on to describe the dire condition of schools in the state which now ranks 46th in K through 12 education in the country. On the jobs front he had more

to add. “Almost one in 5 Californians has either no job or is stuck in a parttime job,” he said. He added that we are also ranked 46th in jobs and last in small business. “Dead last. Fiftieth out of 50 states,” he said. He added that almost 24% of Californians live in poverty today. “The status quo is unacceptable,” he said. He added that this was the end of the bad news and the good news was that these problems that we have in California were solvable. “We can absolutely do it.” He spoke highly of a school in East Palo Alto, California which focused on low income kids with great success, with a high number of them graduating from college. He spoke of the contest between all the states in America to attract jobs but that California was not competing. He gave the example of the State of Alabama attracting the automobile industry and how it succeeded so well in that quest by offering incentives. He said that we can do this in California too and that California does not have to be the cheapest place to do business but we do need to be competitive. He said that major changes need to be made in the state to correct the situation. “There is something that all of you can do and there is something I can do to make it happen.” He added, “Here today I am announcing that I am running for Governor of California.” He said that his platform was “Jobs & Education.” To conclude, it was great to see a bit of history being made right here in Sacramento with Neel Kashkari, a relatively young candidate of SouthAsian descent throwing his hat into the California Governor’s race. Neel and his campaign will certainly have their work cut out for them. Democrats are a majority in the state and the last Republican to become Governor here was Arnold Schwarzenegger (Terminator) who already had star appeal to begin with, which he used quite effectively to win. But then again one can never rule out the

oppression. Al Baqra: 193. So if they dispute with thee, say: “I have submitted My whole self to Allah and so have those who follow me.” And say to the People of the Book and to those who are unlearned: “Do ye (also) submit yourselves?” If they do, they are in right guidance, but if they turn back, Thy duty is to convey the Message; and in Allah’s sight are (all) His servants. Al Imran: 20. There shall be no compulsion

in [acceptance of] the religion... Al Baqra: 256. Khalid Saeed referred to the Christian tradition of “breaking bread” which means to dine or eat together. It also means to share ones belongings or assets with another person, peacefully. Breaking bread is also interpreted to refer to the rite of the Lord’s Supper. During the Last Supper, described in 1 Corinthians 11:23-39, Jesus took a loaf of bread

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Loa Angeles, CA: Have you ever wondered what it would be like to spend a day in the shoes of a Hollywood producer, a journalist covering breaking news, a representative voting on a major piece of legislation or a social entrepreneur applying technology for social good? Apply for our 2014 Young Leaders Summits, and you will get that chance and much more. The 2014 MPAC Young Leaders Summits in Hollywood, Media, Government and Silicon Valley are an opportunity for passionate undergraduate and graduate students as well as young professionals to gain access to the nerve centers shaping our society and learn how they can make an impact in these arenas. Delegates at each of the four summits will spend four days in an industry-intensive program that includes exclusive meetings with industry leaders, leadership development workshops, and collaboration with like-minded young American Muslims looking to make a difference. In the words of Laila Alawa, an alum of the 2012 Government Summit and the 2013 Media Summit who now serves on the Young Leaders Steering Committee: “Being a part of MPAC empowered and invigorated me to be more than I was already, to push myself in new ways and through new channels and never take for granted the rights and opportunities with which I find myself presented. We cannot simply sit around and wait for the world to change. Being a part of the Summit pushed me to such a realization and gave me the empowering understanding of how to begin actualizing my new goals. There’s a world out there for us to change and MPAC has inspired me to get out there and change it.” Visit summits.mpac.org for more info. Applications are due Friday, March 28 MEDIA SUMMIT in New York City | June 17 – 20, 2014 The Media Summit will provide you with an exciting opportunity to meet prominent journalists, editors, producers and on-air talent to learn about the ins and outs of the news media industry, understand how decisions about news coverage are made, and learn how you can pursue career opportunities in the field. Past Summit delegates have met with leaders and anchors at CNN, NBC, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, “Democracy Now!” and more. HOLLYWOOD SUMMIT in Los Angeles | June 22 – 25, 2014 The Hollywood Summit is your chance to understand how American Muslims can have a positive impact in the arts and entertainment industry. By meeting with working actors, screenwriters, directors, talent managers and studio executives, delegates learn what it takes to make it in the industry while also gaining practical training in digital storytelling and getting tips for transforming your talent into a successful career. Past Hollywood Summit delegates have had the opportunity to meet with executives from CBS Television, Fox Entertainment, Film Independent, as well as awardwinning actors, editors and directors. GOVERNMENT SUMMIT in Washington, DC | June 24 – 27, 2014 The Government Summit will provide you with an inside-look at the inner workings of the nation’s capital while simultaneously providing government officials and congressional leaders the opportunity to learn what is on the minds of young American Muslims. Our flagship summit which first took place in 2007, the Government Summit has brought delegates to historic opportunities, including meeting with senior officials in the White House, members of Congress, the State Department, Department of Justice, the Brookings Institution, Gallup and the Center for American Progress among others. SILICON VALLEY SUMMIT in San Francisco | August 6 – 9, 2014 In 2013, we kicked off our inaugural Silicon Valley Summit, which is the latest addition to our Young Leaders Program. American Muslims ages 20-30 will learn how to effectively use the principles of social entrepreneurship and the tech sector to influence the causes they care about. Delegates have the opportunity to meet with founders, CEOs, investors, marketers, social entrepreneurs, designers and technologists. Plus, you’ll work on a real-world case study and leave with solid knowledge, experience and a network of passionate young people and industry professionals. Last year, delegates met with senior leaders at Google, LinkedIn, Plug and Play Tech Center, the Stanford d.school, and the State Department.

DOJ Decision to Remove Religion from Profiling Guidelines Welcomed Washington, DC: The Muslim Public

Affairs Council welcomed the Department of Justice’s (DOJ) decision to expand its definition of profiling to include religion. Under the new guidelines, federal law enforcement agents will be prohibited from using religion, sexual orientation or national origin as considerations in their investigations. SEE: “US to Expand Rules Limiting Use of Profiling by Federal Agents” (New York Times) “Aside from being the right thing to do, tightening the guidelines on proand broke it and gave it to His disciples, saying, “This is my body given for you; do this in remembrance of me.” The breaking of bread at that first communion table has been reenacted down through the centuries as a way of remembering that first celebration of both His sacrifice on the cross and the institution of the New Covenant in His blood. The AMV President said “breaking bread” together brings the people

filing will make our country safer,” said Hoda Elshishtawy, MPAC’s National Policy Analyst. “Focusing on behavior instead of religion allows law enforcement agents to focus on individuals who pose actual threats. This is important in ensuring we use our limited resources effectively.” While President George W. Bush publicly opposed racial profiling in early 2001, that changed after 9/11. As a result, countless Muslims and people of Arab descent were subjected to DOJ, P29

together. He was optimistic that interfaith events like this would bring the Muslim community closer to other faiths. Khalid Saeed thanked all AMV volunteers for making the event memorable. He particularly thanked the AMV lady volunteers for their help and hard work. He also thanked the AMV Sacramento chapter, Asif Sattar Bhai and Polo Loco and Kabab Corner.


COMMUNITY

P22 – PAKISTAN LINK – JANUARY 31, 2014

New Opportunities for Diplomacy Pakistani-American Data from at the State Department US Census 2010

Ethnic Media Tackles Barriers to Citizenship

H

ere are some of the highlights of Pakistani-American data from US Census 2010 as gleaned from a report titled “A Community of Contrasts Asian Americans in the United States: 2011” published by AsianAmerican Center For Advancing Justice

R

ecently, Secretary of State John Kerry announced the departure of Farah Pandith, the State Department’s Special Representative to Muslim Communities, says an MPAC release. Pandith leaves after almost five years of service in that role. In 2009, then-Secretary Hillary Clinton appointed Pandith to “be responsible for executing a vision for engagement with Muslims around the world based on a people-topeople and organizational level.”

Pandith was a pioneer in this position and we look forward to her successor who will take her department to new heights. As such, the appointment should represent a culture shift within the State Department; engaging Muslim communities abroad should not be a one-office priority only. The challenges American foreign policy-makers are facing today are unique and require a nuanced understanding of the social, political, economic and religious environment of Muslim communities around the world. From the democracy pangs as a result of the Arab Spring to the ramifications to America’s image from the war on terror, the Special Representative must show the same energy and involvement that Kerry has shown since taking his position. In the spirit of equal-opportunity diplomacy, the representative needs to be more forward-thinking and willing to listen to all groups -- including those who may disagree with our foreign policies. This approach has been exemplified in Kerry’s engagement with Iran on its

nuclear program. As our country continues to move away from heavyhanded military options and more toward people-to-people diplomacy, the State Department and specifically the Special Representative should reflect that approach. Now is the time when our diplomatic efforts need to show more creativity in engaging relationshipbuilding. This type of engagement should be more sophisticated in understanding the needs of those communities in order to more effectively work toward peace-building in tumultuous regions. In order for the next representative to be effective, he/she must have credibility within American Muslim communities and partner with them in order to have their support and rely on them for assistance. And within the people-to-people exchange, American Muslims should engage in healthy policy discourse with Muslims abroad. The Special Representative should be given more of a mandate to deal with substantive policy issues around the world. The position should be results-oriented; having a Special Representative for optics is a waste of valuable resources. The State Department has done a good job in shifting the culture of diplomacy to accepting faith-based communities, as seen through the appointment of Dr Shaun Casey, the Special Advisor for the Office of Faith-Based Community Initiatives. With the new appointment approaching, this office should work in tandem with the rest of the State Department to further our diplomatic goals.

CAIR-CA Welcomes Formation of New Campus Climate Committee

Anaheim, CA: The California chapter of

the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR-CA) has welcomed the formation of a new committee created to address incidents of discrimination at universities in that state. SEE: New Assembly committee to focus on harassment, hate crimes on campus “The formation of this committee is an important step in promoting tolerance and fostering respect for diversity on college campuses,” said CAIR-LA’s Executive Director Hussam Ayloush. “Our universities should be able to provide a safe space and equal opportunity for students of all backgrounds to actively engage in campus life and express themselves freely without fear of harassment or discrimination.” According to an announcement by California Assembly Speaker John Perez (D-Los Angeles), the Select Committee on Campus Climate will evaluate systemwide and campus-wide policies and practices for responding to student harassment

and hate crimes and will determine what needs to be done to improve campus climate for California students. CAIR-CA, along with a number of other legal and advocacy groups, has noticed a disturbing trend in which college student advocates for Palestinian human rights continue to face orchestrated campaigns and efforts to stifle their free speech and academic programming, usually from outside groups. In light of this, CAIR-CA has actively worked to ensure that any harassment of students intended to stifle free speech does not become the accepted climate on college campuses. On April 30, over 150 community members met with their representatives in Sacramento through CAIR-CA’s secondannual “Muslim Day at the Capitol” in April of last year. Participants advocated for three critical issues, one of which was a push for legislation that aims to preserve free speech on college campuses in response to House Resolution 35.

1. There are 409,163 PakistaniAmericans in 2010, the 7th largest Asian-American community in America. 2. Pakistani-American population doubled from 2000 (204,309) to 2010(409,163), the second largest percentage increase after Bangladeshis’157% increase in the same period. 3. 6% of Pakistani-American population is mixed race. 4. 65% of Pakistanis in America are foreign-born. 57% of foreign-born Pakistani-American population is made up of naturalized citizens. 5. There are 120,000 Pakistani

The youthful energy and higher education levels of PakistaniAmericans are opening doors for them to rise and shine in America, in spite of the current economic difficulties in their adopted land of opportunities legal permanent residents of which 42% are eligible to naturalize. 6. There were 69,202 immigrant visas issued to Pakistanis from 2001 to 2010, the 5th highest among Asian nations. 7. 28% of Pakistanis have limited English proficiency. 8. Average per capita income of Pakistani-Americans is $24,663.00 9. 15% of Pakistanis are classified as poor; only 1% of them are on public assistance. 10. 8% of Pakistanis are unemployed, a figure lower than the gene population of Americans. 11. 55% of Pakistanis own their own homes. 12. 55% of Pakistanis have a bachelor’s degree or higher. 13. Median age of Pakistanis in America is only 29 years, lower than most of the Asian groups and the national median age of 36.8 years. Pakistani-American community is the second fastest growing community in the United States, according to 2010 US Census It is also a very young community with the median age of just 29 years, compared to 32 years for Indian-Americans and 37 years for all Asian-Americans. 34% of PakistaniAmericans are under the age of 17 compared with 26% of Indian-Americans and 24% of all Asian-Americans. More Pakistanis in America are college educated than the general population of whites and various immigrant groups. The youthful energy and higher education levels of Pakistani-Americans are opening doors for them to rise and shine in America, in spite of the current economic difficulties in their adopted land of opportunities.

www.PakistanLink.com

n By Elena Shore San Jose, CA: Adrian Avila plans to

apply for citizenship for one major reason. “I’m doing it for my mother,” says Avila. Avila, a content producer at the bilingual magazine Silicon Valley De-Bug in San Jose, came to the United States with his mother when he was six years old. Now 29, he is one year younger than his mother was when she decided to leave everything behind in Mexico to build a better life for her son in the United States. Today, Avila wants to give something back to her: he plans to apply for citizenship so that he can petition for his mother to become a US citizen. Taking the step to naturalize will also allow him to vote, travel freely, be protected from deportation, live without fear and advocate more effectively for his rights. But ultimately, he says, his reason for applying for citizenship is not just about himself. “It always comes down to my mother,” he explains. Avila spoke recently in San Jose to more than 20 media representatives at the first ethnic media roundtable of the New Americans Campaign, a national initiative to encourage eligible Legal Permanent Residents to apply for citizenship. The meeting, organized by New America Media, brought together leaders of Chinese, Filipino, Indian, Korean, Latino, Vietnamese and other local media outlets to discuss how they could address the barriers that keep many eligible immigrants from applying for US citizenship. Why aren’t more people applying for citizenship? More than eight million immigrants across the United States have green cards and are eligible for US citizenship. Yet only 8 percent of them become citizens each year, according to Vanessa Sandoval, immigration legal services program director of Services, Immigrant Rights and Education Network (SIREN) in San Jose. “That means 92 percent [of eligible immigrants] aren’t,” said Sandoval. That, she said, means they aren’t voting. They are limited in their Supplemental Security Income. If they leave the country for six months, they might not be let back in. And they could even be vulnerable to deportation. In Santa Clara County alone, an estimated 190,000 Legal Permanent Residents are eligible for naturalization. Yet an average of only 14,597 take the step to naturalize each year, according to Sandoval. That’s why SIREN and other local groups are organizing free citizenship workshops where Legal Permanent Residents can get help processing their applications.

Many green card holders, organizers say, are held back by a number of barriers, such as financial and language barriers. “What we aim to do is reduce these barriers,” explained Bea Pangilinan, staff attorney with Asian Law Alliance. For example, it costs $680 to file for citizenship. But many immigrants may not know that if their income falls below poverty level, they qualify for a fee waiver. Those who don’t speak English well may think that limits their chances of becoming a citizen. But if they have been here for many years, they can qualify to take the exam in their native language – something that many immigrants may not be aware of. And if they do need to take the exam in English, said Pangilinan of the Asian Law Alliance in San Jose, “We give them the confidence and tell them they just need to practice.” But some of the biggest obstacles to applying for citizenship may be psychological. “Another barrier is a general fear,” said Pangilinan. “They don’t know what to expect. They don’t know what documents they are supposed to produce.” Amir Music of International Rescue Committee says he has seen many immigrants who have lived for 20 or 30 years as Legal Permanent Residents but never applied for citizenship. “The biggest challenge,” Music said, “is lack of information.” The power of ethnic media Weiwei Ren, senior reporter for the Sing Tao Daily, said that many people in her community don’t have enough information about who is eligible to apply for citizenship. Many older people who live in Chinatown and don’t speak English rely on Chinese-language newspapers for this kind of information, she said. Organizers said the media that serve immigrant communities could play a crucial role in closing this gap -- informing their audiences about the value of becoming a US citizen, and the free resources available to Legal Permanent Residents through the New Americans Campaign. The key, said Hilbert Morales, publisher of the Spanish-language newspaper El Observador, is to take the idea of naturalizing beyond the individual – and show the impact that citizenship can have on the entire community. “That individual, all alone, feels that he or she has no power,” said Morales. He said ethnic media must inform their audiences that “in the aggregate, they are more powerful” than the wealthiest person of influence, “because they have a vote.” “Things get done,” Morales said, “when people who are citizens demand action.” “The need to become a citizen is extremely important,” agreed Vandana Kumar, publisher of the magazine India Currents. “If you want to look out for yourself and your community, you have to have a seat at the table. Otherwise, you’re on the menu.” For more information about the New Americans Campaign, go to www.newamericanscampaign. org. - New America Media


COMMENTARY n By Asif Javed MD

A

Williamsport, PA

s one enters the famous Borh House in Kalabagh, one is struck by its beauty. Borh House once served as Nawab of Kalabagh’s (NOK) guest house for his personal friends and visiting dignitaries, which included many heads of state. A young Shah Faisal stayed there. Its location, right on the western bank of the mighty Indus, is picture perfect.

The pictures on the walls and the decorations tell a lot of stories of the bygone era. NOK was once the second most powerful man in Pakistan; this was also where he would breathe his last. The present generation may not know much about him but no history of Pakistan is complete without mentioning his six years of absolute rule over what was then West Pakistan. Nawab Amir Mohammad Khan of Kalabagh was the scion of a feudal family. In his youth, he developed a reputation for brutality—an unfortunate prerequisite for survival in rural society, some might say that it helped him gain the upper hand over his opponents, the Niazi Pathans of Essa Khel and Pir of Mukhad. He participated in the historic gathering at Manto Park, Lahore and made a substantial donation to Muslin League in 1940 when the Pakistan Resolution was passed. His swift rise to power was helped by the fact that he owned some hunting grounds that he used to entice people in high places with, men like Ayub Khan and Iskander Mirza. Z A Bhutto had used the same tried and trusted formula to get close to the duo. Of heavy built, NOK wore traditional Punjabi dress, had a huge moustache and was old fashioned in many ways; he had been educated in Atchison and London, and spoke good English. Ayub was impressed and made him Governor of West Pakistan preceded by a short stint as chairman of PIDC. This unusual partnership between the military dictator and a feudal lord was to last six years. NOK governed West Pakistan with an iron hand; he developed a reputation for being a harsh administrator who remained well informed. His system of intelligence was almost flawless, based primarily on direct reports from the district administration and personal contacts. He once surprised Jahandad Khan, his military secretary, by telling him that before approving his appointment, he had looked deep in to Jahandad’s family background and knew that his grandfather was the first in his area to have performed the Hajj. NOK was financially clean. Decades after his exit, no financial scandals were associated with him or his family. There is no evidence that his assets increased while he was in power. He was very punctual and hard working. Keenly aware of the dangers of nepotism, he kept his family at a distance; they were not allowed to stay at the Governor House. Muzzafar, his eldest son and heir apparent, was once harshly reprimanded by the Governor when he tried to sit with his father in the back seat of the official car; the Governor made him sit in the front seat with the driver saying that the back seat was meant for his military secretary. NOK drew no salary and did not avail himself of any benefits from his all-powerful post. He was

JANUARY 31, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P23

Nawab of Kalabagh: The Man Who Knew Too Much

fiercely loyal to Ayub and would insist on mentioning the President’s name in his monthly radio broadcasts at least three times. He was also outspoken, and perhaps the only one who dared to warn Ayub about his family’s corruption. On one such occasion, when he broached this subject, Ayub was overheard telling him, “Do my sons not have a right to live in this country?” NOK was taken aback and later remarked in frustration that Ayub’s decline would be hastened by his son’s bad reputation. Shahabnama has a reference to one of Ayub’s infamous sons who led a procession in Karachi after the rigged 1965 elections that resulted in violent clashes with the supporters of Miss Fatima Jinnah. Scores died and the exact body count is unknown to this day. Decades later, the same son, while a member of Nawaz Sharif ’s cabinet, used administrative pressure to get his car registration from Gujranwala so that he could proudly display, GA 1. This most unfortunate tradition of protecting one’s corrupt loved ones has persisted and flourished in Pakistan; the most recent example being the son of a recently retired chief justice of the Supreme Court; while the publicity seeking father was generating headlines with his suo motos, the son had been enjoying his right to live in Pakistan. Back to NOK: when asked to join the Convention League, he declined and was overheard saying, “Keep me out of that dirt.” He was also not in favor of Operation Gabraltar that was Bhutto’s brainchild; he once remarked in despair that Ayub’s foolish advisors would bring his downfall. NOK was against Yahya Khan’s promotion to the post of chief of Pakistan Army and said so. Yahya’s fondness for alcohol and reputation as an inveterate lecher had not escaped the ever vigilant Governor. Ayub obviously ignored his advice. The self-proclaimed Field Marshal was by then surrounded by sycophants, for some of whom, he had become Daddy. Many would argue that Yahya’s promotion was a watershed moment in the history of Pakistan. NOK submitted his resignation in 1966, having realized that he no longer had the President’s confidence. For some time, there

had been a strain in their relationship. The last straw was an election at Karachi where Ghaus Bux Bazanjo won with NOK’s support against the official candidate of the Convention League. The parting of ways was amicable, unlike Ayub’s dismissal of Bhutto. NOK drove up to Rawalpindi, had lunch with the President, exchanged pleasantries

I have a picture in which NOK, the Governor of West Pakistan, is seen chatting with a young Z A Bhutto, then the favorite minister of Ayub, while the visiting President of China, Leo Chao Chi, is standing by. All three seemed to be having a jolly good time. Who would have thought that within a few years, all three would fall from power and meet tragic, violent deaths. But then, such are the ways of this world! Rahe ga naam Allah Ka and went home to Kalabagh, having bid a final farewell and that was it; they were never to meet again. Within a year of NOK’s departure, all had gone awry. West Pakistan was in turmoil. Yahya Khan easily pushed out the ailing Ayub. Some time after his fall from power, Ayub’s wife was overheard telling an acquaintance, “NOK’s dismissal was a mistake by Khan Sahib (Ayub)”. One wonders if er her husband felt the same way, having replaced NOK with the meek and subservient Gen. Musa Khan. Insecure Ayub

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had earlier replaced widely popular Gen. Azam Khan in East Pakistan too, with another sycophant Monim Khan. NOK’s reputation for ruthlessness created many myths: one was allegedly a slap to the principal of King Edward Medical College, a highly respected surgeon of Lahore, who had annoyed the all mighty Governor, by not approving a student’s migration to his institution; another, widely believed allegation was the attempted murder of Maudoodi Sahib of JI. Jahandad Khan who has devoted many pages in his memoirs to NOK, is convinced that both rumors were baseless, probably spread by the Governor’s political opponents and there was no shortage of them. NOK was an admirer of Amir of JI and once told Dr Toosi, a personal friend, of his frustration with Ayub who used to urge him to do something about “this dangerous Maudoodi”. Some time ago, this writer approached the physician son of the alleged victim of the slap, to clarify that incident. I have yet to receive a reply. NOK’s sons were educated abroad but none had the talents of their father. What they did inherit from him was his weakness --the feudal mindset. He had been a harsh father and husband; there had been discord within the family. His return to Kalabagh, set in motion an unfortunate series of events that led to his tragic death. NOK had two daughters; one was still single. For some time, he had been mulling over the proposal of Dr Tahir Toosi who was the son of a close friend of his. This young man was well educated and handsome but he was a Kashmiri and that was not acceptable to the Nawab’s family. This started a friction between him and his sons who were supported by their mother and maternal uncle. The sons had another concern too. NOK had given some indications that he was fed up with his sons and was considering transferring his property directly to one of his grandsons. This was too much for his sons. It is said ‘whom the gods wish to destroy, they throw a bone of property to them.’ And so, one day when NOK was relaxing in his famous guest house, where over the years he had entertained many rich, powerful and influential guests, he was murdered in cold blood by

no other than one of his own sons while he was enjoying a movie. Malik Asad allegedly shot his father, point blank. With the much feared NOK dead, the whole family stood united behind Asad. NOK’s dead body was disposed off in a hurry; it was taken to the graveyard in a trawler and buried overnight - no funeral prayers were allowed. Thus ended the life of NOK whose word was once law of the land. There was a trial. I recall that M. Anwar, the renowned attorney from Lahore, pleaded for prosecution in a case that made headlines for months. At the end, nothing came of it. Malik Asad went scot free. In his memoirs, Jahan Dad hints at some collaboration between NOK’s family and Ayub government who may have been relieved to see the end of someone who knew too much. But God has his own way of dispensing justice. Years later, Malik Muzafar, NOK’s eldest son who many believed to be the mastermind behind his father’s murder, was gunned down in broad daylight in Kalabagh by his political opponents, the Baghochi Mahaaz. As I think of NOK, my mind goes back to that famous TV play of the late 70’s, Waris. The main character of that play was Chaudhry Hashmat, an old-fashioned feudal, who found it hard to accept change. At the end of the play, Chaudhry Hashmat preferred to be drowned in flood, rather than leave his ancestral home. NOK was also a representative of old times and feudal culture who found it hard to change with time. His way of life was fading away but he was clinging to the old obsolete values. Ayub had made good use of him to keep West Pakistan under control but times had changed. In Ayub’s government, NOK represented the pro-west faction; the other was pro-China group, represented by popular Bhutto and Altaf Gauhar. Ayub may have felt that NOK had become a liability and let him go. NOK was a well-read person. A visiting delegation from Imperial Defense College (UK) once called on the Governor. After the meeting, one of the delegates remarked that the most well-informed person that they had come across in Pakistan on international affairs, was NOK. That surprised many but not those who knew of NOK’s love of reading; he kept himself well versed in international affairs. At a banquet given in her honor, Jacqueline Kennedy asked him a question about a fruit that she had not seen before. Now NOK was no absentee landlord; he was a well informed, experienced farmer who had over the years taken a keen interest in his farms at Kalabagh. His discourse regarding guava so impressed the first lady of USA that she said: “I am going to ask my husband to make you his agricultural advisor.” I have a picture in which NOK, the Governor of West Pakistan, is seen chatting with a young Z A Bhutto, then the favorite minister of Ayub, while the visiting President of China, Leo Chao Chi is standing by. All three seemed to be having a jolly good time. Who would have thought that within a few years, all three would fall from power and meet tragic, violent deaths. But then, such are the ways of this world! Rahe ga naam Allah Ka. (The writer is a physician in Williamsport, PA and may be reached at asifjaved@comcast.net)


COMMENTARY

P24 – PAKISTAN LINK – JANUARY 31, 2014 n By Malik Siraj Akbar Washington, DC

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r Stephen P Cohen, a Senior Fellow at the Washington DC-based think tank the Brookings Institution, is considered as the ‘dean of the Pakistan experts’. He is known as one of the world’s most trusted authorities on the Pakistani military and its relationship with the civilian governments.

Author of Pakistan Army and the Idea of Pakistan, Dr Cohen recently edited a new book called The Future of Pakistan. The 325page book focuses on a number of challenges Pakistan currently faces. Here are excerpts from a conversation with Dr Cohen about the predictions the book makes about Pakistan’s future. Some of the best experts on Pakistan contribute to your book The Future of Pakistan. Why did you choose this title? The book does not look at yesterday or today, but the day after tomorrow by examining the factors and variables which will influence the future of Pakistan. I became more concerned after publishing my 2004 book, The Idea of Pakistan, as many of its more pessimistic judgments were coming true. So, I invited some of the best scholars on the subject to share their ideas. All of them expressed concern about the existing situation. Most seemed to agree, however, that Pakistan would not experience major transformation in the next five to seven years. We did not try to look beyond that. In my chapter, I paid special attention to the decline of the Pakistani state. The more I looked, the more pessimistic I became. You say you did not want to offend your Pakistani friends while writing this book but you also insist that a hurtful truth is better than a pleasant lie. What are these hurtful truths about Pakistan that you think need to be told now? One was that General Pervez Musharraf fooled himself and he fooled everyone else. He lacked toughness, he tried to please everyone. He was not capable of leading Pakistan’s liberal transformation, although he personally held a liberal vision of the future. Some Pakistanis and many Americans thought that Musharraf was the last hope for Pakistan. I disagree, there are a lot of good Pakistanis around, both in the military and outside of it. However, the army can’t govern the country effectively but it won’t let others govern it either. This is the governance dilemma. Pakistan is stuck between being an outright military dictatorship and a stable democracy. Neither are likely, and an even less likely future would be a radical transformation and the rise of Islamists or a breakaway movement led by the Baloch or other separatist groups. We did not see this coming soon, yet with the obvious breakdown of law and order, the decline of the economy, as well as a dysfunctional civilian-military relationship — change seems to be in the wind — but few of us can be precise about what that

n By Riaz Haq

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CA

hile some Pakistanis, including major political leaders, are afraid of speaking out against the Taliban, other Pakistanis are taking the challenge posed by the insurgents lightly. They are underestimating the power and the capacity of a rag-tag band of barbarians to bring down the Pakistani state and take control of the nation’s capital in Islamabad. It’s important for Pakistanis to learn from history to end such complacency. History Lessons: Famous medieval Islamic historian Abd ur Rehman Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406) argued in his masterpiece “Muqaddima” that tribesmen

The Future of Pakistan

change will be. Pakistan is muddling through, but change and transformation are coming, I just don’t know when or how. Weakness in governance, education, and the absence of land reform made Pakistan a victim of contemporary globalization. It doesn’t make much that anyone wants to buy, and it is cut off from its natural regional trading partners. Yet, the negative aspects of Islamist globalization have hit Pakistan hard. Some of the weirdest ideas in the Islamic world have found rich soil in Pakistan, and the country is regarded as an epicenter of terrorism. Pakistan, which was once held up as the most moderate of the Islamic states, seems to be embracing extremists and their dysfunctional violent ideas. Is Pakistan on the verge of collapse? No, it is not going to collapse. The military will ensure that the state will not collapse. It is not a country in need of critical support for its survival but it may yet happen some day, especially if the economy collapses. Pakistan has to make a breakthrough and become a South Asian country. It should join India in a number of cooperative ventures while protecting its sovereignty against foreign interests and intrusions. The Indians tend to be bullying when it comes to their neighbors, but Pakistanis are capable of defending their interests. Many Indians are ready for a change now. India sees itself as a major rising Asian state and Pakistan is a drag on it. Yet, because of nuclearization India can’t conceive of finishing off Pakistan. The only realistic option for India is cooperation. Islamabad’s decision to grant India the most favored nation (MFN) status offers an opportunity to both countries; will it lead to a peace process? I don’t know, but their dilemma is that they cannot live with each other and they cannot live without each other. They need to cooper-

ate along several dimensions, there is no military solution for the problems each has with the other. Why do you call Pakistan a major foreign policy headache for the United States? In the book I quote an American who said we assumed that with all our aid and alliances we believed that Pakistan would emerge as an independent democratic state. However, it turned out that India, which did not get our military assistance and partnership, has emerged as that kind of country. The Pakistanis, particularly the military, have a hard time looking around for role models. Turkey, Indonesia or Malaysia may not be the perfect role models for Pakistan. Perhaps the best political role model for you is India which is also a diverse South Asian state, but now with a stable political order and growing economic power. In India, the military has a legitimate role but still remains under the government’s control. It is the responsibility of the Pakistani civilian government to find a legitimate role for the Pakistani army, and the army must help in that search, the present arrangement is not working. You say you don’t know where Pakistan is heading to but once it gets there you will explain why it was inevitable. I quoted a former US ambassador to the Soviet Union who said, “I don’t know what is going to happen to the Soviet Union but when it does happen I will tell you exactly why it was inevitable.” So, looking ahead at Pakistan’s future, we don’t know what is going to happen to Pakistan but we know something alarming is happening to it. Pakistan will remain, but its identity is changing. As for America’s mixed role in Pakistan, there were two areas where we should have been more accommodating. First, we should have recognized Pakistan as a nuclear power

after it tested its weapons in 1998 — as we did with the Indians. This would have legitimized the Pakistani nuclear program and reduced the paranoia that the Americans were trying to deprive them of their nuclear capability; it might also have contributed to more responsible Pakistani nuclear policy, right now it is the fastest growing nuclear weapons state in the world — and one with a bad record of transferring nuclear technology in the past. Second, the US should have provided trade opportunities, instead of only military aid, to Pakistan after 9/11. There was a serious Pakistani interest in increasing trade, not just receiving military aid; the US did not respond to this. How can Pakistan get out of what you call the burden of its history and narrative of victimhood? First, economic trade between Pakistan and the rest of South Asia should be encouraged. It should hook up with India, one of the fastest growing economies in the world, as well as continue its ties with China. The IranPakistan-Indian pipeline is a good idea and I am baffled why the Americans have always opposed it. Yes, it will help the Iranians, but the pipeline will also help the Afghans, the Indians and the Pakistanis. In my math, three positives outweigh one negative. Second, Pakistani governments have been cowardly in dealing with those who oppose modernity and try to push the country back to the seventh century. Perhaps the cowardice comes from the fact that the state uses some of these groups for its own strategic purposes, a fatal and self-defeating miscalculation. Why do you argue that the Pakistani military has neither run the country effectively nor allowed others to run it? Well, because they are not trained to be economists or how to run businesses although the military manages a lot of businesses once they retire. They are not trained to be politicians. Being a politician is a difficult skill to acquire. People cannot be ordered about, especially Pakistanis. As a politician, you have to find common interests by working with people who dislike each other; Pakistan needs to develop a true political class. In Pakistan, the military has identified enemies among its fellow-citizens. If you demonize your own people, you are in deep trouble. I mean you can’t treat the Bengalis or the Baloch, or other ethnic or religious minorities the way you treat foreign enemies. That’s the route to catastrophe, as we have seen both in Pakistan and other countries that have given up on pluralism and tolerance and headed down the road to self-destruction. Of Pakistan’s military leaders, Ayub Khan tried to act as a politician but failed because he could not address two deeper problems, education and land reforms. If you look at the East Asian tigers, they all dealt with land reforms early and invested heavily in education at all levels. Even China has done this, albeit through totalitarian coercion, which would not work in pluralistic Pakistan. FUTURE, P26

Will the Taliban Destroy Pakistan? and barbarians have often had more courage and social cohesion than settled and civilized folk. He cited many instances in history when ragtag bands of ill-educated and uncivilized insurgents had conquered lands whose rulers became corrupt and complacent. Fall of Empires: History is witness to the fact that great empires were brought down by relatively unsophisticated but highly committed armed groups of fighters. The Roman empire was destroyed by blue-eyed barbarian tribes from Northern Europe. Persian and Byzantine empires were brought to their knees by desert-dwelling Muslim tribesmen from the Arabian Peninsula. The thriving Islamic Caliphate of Baghdad in what is known as the Golden Era of Islam was sacked by

Mongols and completely destroyed. China, too, was conquered and ruled by Mongols. India was repeatedly attacked and conquered by invaders from Europe and Central Asia and ruled by their dynasties for centuries. The Taliban: The Taliban attacking the Pakistani state are not fundamentally different from earlier generations of barbarians and tribesmen in history. They have shown that they, too, are highly committed and willing to die for whatever they believe in . They are clear in their aims and ready to use whatever means it takes to achieve their goals. They have been relentless in their attacks on the Pakistani state and civilian population. Taliban vs Pakistan Pakistan’s Response:

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The response of the Pakistani leadership has so far been highly confused in the face of concerted Taliban efforts to destroy the Pakistani state. There is a lot of talk about “talks” but it’s not clear what they are going to talk about. The Taliban have made it clear that they do not accept Pakistan’s Constitution. They have rejected democracy as a system of governance. They have stepped up their attacks on state institutions and Pakistan’s security apparatus. They have unleashed a reign of terror and killed tens of thousands of civilians in the last few years. Are Pakistani political leaders willing to compromise on the Constitution of Pakistan? Or the democratic process? Or Pakistan itself? Are they willing to concede defeat to a band of barbarians without a fight?

Conclusion: Pakistani leaders need to develop necessary consensus to fight the existential challenge posed to the nation by the Taliban and their allies in Pakistan. They need to declare war and show determination, not weakness, in the face of relentless Taliban attacks on innocent civilians. They must remember that it took Sri Lanka a long sustained effort spanning decades to win against the Tamil Tigers (LTTE). It will take a long and sustained effort for Pakistan to win the war against the Taliban to preserve Pakistan. It’s time for Pakistanis to learn the lessons of history to chart and stay the course. Once there is a clear strategy and plan, I am confident that the Pakistani state and its military will eventually defeat and destroy the Taliban.


SPORTS SPORTS

JANUARY 31, 2014 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; PAKISTAN LINK â&#x20AC;&#x201C; P25

'Big Three' Issue: Pakistan Yet to Take Side in International Cricket Politics

PCB Chairman Zaka Ashraf is attending the International Cricket Council meetings in Dubai as the selectors and players await contract renewal

KARACHI: The manipulation by 'Big Three' for getting control of international cricket is in full swing, but the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) is still waiting for instructions from its patron-in-chief, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, to chalk out its strategy. PCB Chairman Zaka Ashraf has been trying to meet the prime minster - but in vain. Now, the Board is uncertain as to what course of action it should take. The issue is complicated; if the PCB supports the matter it will be blamed for being 'anti-Pakistan' and 'pro-India'. But if the Board parts ways with the 'Big Three', then it is very likely that their teams won't be

visiting Pakistan anymore. But even if they played with Pakistan, they would deprive the PCB of the already limited earning ventures. Although the 'Big Three' have promised to help restore international cricket in Pakistan which has died over the past few years. But the PCB should realise that this is not possible in the years to come, given the current law and order situation. India has also tried to lure the PCB by offering a Pak-India series and by assuring to open the IPL doors for Pakistani players. In its response, the 'not very convinced' PCB officials have demanded guarantees that the neighbour will honour its words. They say India's record

does not inspire confidence in its promises and the Indians are most likely to renege as soon as their problem is solved. In this regard, the English Cricket Board has stepped forward to offer assurances about India's promises. The ICC has set its 'court' in Dubai like an Emperor would do and is asking its subjects (small boards) to beg for small favours. The chief of the Indian Cricket Board, Srinawasan, could not reach Dubai till Monday evening because of his mother's death. But he is in contact with others through videoconferencing. The BCCI secretary, Sunjay Patel, is expected to fill in for Srinawasan. Sources reveal that officials of Indian, English and Australian boards have been offering various incentives to smaller countries in exchange for their votes. In the beginning, Bangladeshi officials hastily decided to support the 'Big Three' but when protests erupted in their country, that the implementation of the proposals will deprive them of their Test cricket, they stepped back and decided to offer conditional support only. Sri Lanka, West Indies and South Africa have opposed the proposal but India is striving hard to win their support. New Zealand seems to support the move, while the poor Zimbabwean board is not strong enough to maintain a fighting stance. In a surprising move, BCCI officials also met their staunch opponent Haroon Lorgat in Dubai to iron out the old bitterness. J

Taylor Ton Delivers Series Triumph

Ross the Boss: Taylor scored his ninth century

HAMILTON: It took its time coming, it tested a few nerves, but New Zealand finally sealed their first series win at home in five years, not counting the ones against Zimbabwe and Bangaldesh. They should have won it three nights ago, they should probably have won it more comfortably tonight after having reduced India to 278 and then reached 54 for 0 in seven overs and 182 for 2 in 33. They will be thankful that they had their two most consistent batsmen - Ross Taylor and Kane Williamson - in the middle when Ravindra Jadeja started to turn the ball square after he himself gave India a fighting total with 62 off 54, a much

more assured innings than the one that tied the previous match to keep India alive. Williamson now has four half-centuries in four matches in this series, and Taylor made up for missing out on one in Auckland by turning this into a big one once he crossed 50. Taylor's innings was exceptional in its discipline: he didn't try his favourite slog-sweep, in fact he scored just 10 runs in his midwicket arc. Most of his runs came behind and in front of square on the off side. India couldn't be accused of showing similar discipline when they batted, but they were also put under pressure by a superbly disciplined start by Kyle Mills and Tim Southee, which led to their repetition of the shot that has been getting them out. Between them Southee and Mills bowled three maidens, took three wickets, and conceded just 78. India surprised everyone by not only getting rid of their stubbornness but going to the other end. Not only did they drop Suresh Raina, which was long overdue, they also left out Shikhar Dhawan for Ambati Rayudu, and decided to bat first after having invited the opposition 20 straight times outside Asia. With no specialist opener in the side, India moved everyone up by one spot, which meant India's best batsman was now opening. However, the opening spells that Mills and Southee bowled would have frustrated the best of openers. There was nothing to drive or cut, forget getting too straight, and India would have had to take a risk if they were going to score. The first risk was taken to the first short ball bowled, and all Kohli managed was a top edge off Southee. Soon Mills got a similar response from Ajinkya Rahane. In between the two dismissals, Rohit became desperate, somehow hit the first boundary of the innings, enjoyed a drop from Taylor, and India still reached only 28 in 10 overs. More good luck, and some classy Rohit shots, followed, and a 79-run partnership shored India up. However, the luck soon ran out. Rayudu top-edged Hamish Bennett, and in an ironical turn of events Rohit edged Kane Williamson for a catch down the leg side. Of all the bowlers, of all the manners. From 151 for 5, India came back remarkably with two batsmen who applied themselves before taking 100 off the last 10 overs. Say what you will about the strategy, Dhoni proved his batting worth with a third fifty in a row. Jadeja, at the other end, showed Auckland was no fluke, and played the cleanest knock of the three fifties in the Indian innings. It was a good comeback if you look at the way India began: two boundaries and 28 runs in 10 overs. New Zealand hit two fours in the first over, reached 28 in the fourth, and were well on their way to hammer India when Jesse Ryder paid once again for his tendency to stay leg side of the ball in order to create room for his off-side hits. J

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JANUARY 31, 2014 - PAKISTAN LINK

Waqar Younis Uncertain About Coaching Pakistan Again KARACHI: Pakistan bowling great Waqar Younis has said that he is as still undecided on whether to apply for the post of head coach of the national team. Waqar has emerged as a front runner to take over as head coach of the Pakistan team after Australian Dav Whatmore's two year contract was not extended by the board (PCB) this month. Waqar, who has coached the Pakistan team in 2010 and 2011 before resigning on health and personal grounds, on Sunday said that he had not yet decided on whether to apply again for the job. "Honestly speaking I have still not made up my mind. I have other assignments in the media and there is still time for me to think over it. I have to see whether it is worth it or whether I can do justice to this job," Waqar, who took over 800 international wickets during his illustrious career said. The PCB has formed a coaching committee including former captains Javed Miandad, Wasim Akram and Intikhab Alam and the board's chief operating officer Subhan Ahmad to evaluate and recommend final candidates for the posts of head coach, fielding coach and batting coach of the national team. The committee has given February 6 as the deadline for interested candi-

dates to apply for the posts. Indications are that the committee has also advised Waqar to apply for the post of head coach. Waqar, who is said to be now settling down in Dubai from Australia with his family, said he can't say whether he will apply eventually. But he admitted that coaching the Pakistan team was a challenge that appealed to him. "It is a job where one can contribute a lot and it is very self satisfying. I enjoyed my last stint as head coach even though they were some problems," Waqar said. J

No Pakistani Players in IPL Auction 2014

NEW DELHI: Pakistani cricketers were yet again neglected from the most popular domestic t20 league in the world, IPL. As per sources, BCCI have announced the names of 233 cricketers for the 2014 IPL auction which was scheduled to happen on 12th February. Not a single cricketer out of those 233 cricketers belongs to Pakistan. 46 Australian players have

been named among the list for auction. Pakistani players were barred from participating in the IPL since 2008 after the Mumbai terror attacks in the same year. Due to political disturbances between the two countries, BCCI had decided not to keep in cricketing relation with the neighbours. This policy of the board had stopped Pakistani cricketers from participating in the tournament. J

Sharapova Drops Places in Latest WTA Rankings After Shock Australian Open Loss

SYDENY: Maria Sharapova fell to fifth place in the Women's Tennis Association rankings recently after her surprise fourth-round exit from the Australian Open. The 26-year-old Russian, who recently returned to the court after a shoulder injury but was seeded third at Melbourne Park, failed to defend her points from last year's semifinal, losing to the eventual runner-up Dominika Cibulkova in three sets. Following her first Grand Slam final, the Slovak leaped 11 places straight to the 13th. Meanwhile, champion Li Na rose to third place and Poland's Agnieszka Radwanska overtook Sharapova and into the No. 4 spot. After reaching her maiden Grand Slam quarterfinal, Simona Halep entered the top 10 for the first time in her career, rising one place to squeeze out Caroline Wozniacki. Serena Williams still reigns at the

top with almost twice as many points as second-placed Viktoria Azarenka. In the men's rankings, surprise Melbourne champion Stanislas Wawrinka climbed to his career high third spot, behind only Novak Djokovic and his Australian Open final opponent Rafael Nadal, who remains at the summit. Despite an early second-round exit, Juan Martin Del Potro rose to fourth place, while David Ferrer, Andy Murray and Roger Federer all lost two spots, descending to the fifth, sixth and eighth, respectively. For the four-time Australian Open champion Federer, this week's ranking is his lowest since he joined the tennis elite in 2002. Elsewhere, Mikhail Youzhny moved one place up to the 14th, while Teymuraz Gabashvili, who was the only Russian male player to make into the third round, won 16 positions to rise to 63rd. J


COMMENTARY

P26 – PAKISTAN LINK – JANUARY 31, 2014

The Federal Reserve and the Economy n By Saghir Aslam Irvine, CA

(The following information is provided solely to educate the Muslim community about investing and financial planning. It is hoped that the ummah will benefit from this effort through greater financial empowerment, enabling the community to live in security and dignity and fulfill their religious and moral obligations towards charitable activities) You may have been hearing a lot lately about the Federal Reserve, better known the “Fed”, and its chairman, Ben Bernanke. You may also already know that the Fed has an influence on interest rates, which in turn influences the economy. But there is more to the Fed than meets the eye, and the reasons behind the interest rate changes may interest you as an investor. The Fed was established in 1913 and consists of a seven-member board of governors, including the chairman. All are appointed by the president and approved by the senate. The nation is divided into 12 Federal Reserve districts represented by 12 Federal Reserve banks. Since its establishment, the Fed has become responsible for directing the nation’s monetary policy. The Fed also regulates the nation’s banks and other depository institutions and supervises directly many commercial banks. The Fed also tries to support other financial markets by maintaining stable conditions for financial transactions. Although the Fed has many responsibilities, most investors only think of the Fed as having control over the interest rates that affect the U.S. financial markets. There are FUTURE FROM P24

How much influence will Islam and the army continue to exercise on the future of Pakistan? I like the idea of seeing Islamic parties getting a chance to govern, and then discovering whether they succeed or fail. I’d also like to see somebody like Imran Khan get elected — not that I am a particular fan of his, but let him get elected and assume the burden and responsibilities of governance, and be held accountable. Let him succeed or fail on these terms. I had a conversation with Musharraf right after his coup and told him that while the obviously corrupt and extremist political leaders had to be held accountable, that he should also hold elections and let the democratic process move forward. He responded to the effect that he was going to fix the system once and for all. I knew then he was in deep trouble. In a normal state you have to allow people to fail. They must run for office, get elected and then fail on their own terms. It should be left to the people of Pakistan to decide who they elect to rule them. In the long run, they will make the right decision, but the courts, the press, and, rarely, even the military, will be around to prevent disaster. Failure should be seen as helping to perfect the system, not a sign of a bad system. The cure for bad democracy is more and better democracy, not an incompetent mil-

many different interest rates, but the Fed has direct control over only one of those interest rates, the “discount rate.” The discount rate is the interest rate the Fed charges its member banks on money borrowed for certain short-term loans. The Fed also has influence over the federal funds rate. The fed funds rate is the rate for one bank to borrow from another. Banks keep money deposited with the Fed to meet the Fed’s reserve requirement. During a normal business day, a bank may end up with more or less in its reserve account than the required amount. If it has too little, it may borrow from other banks. If reserves are above the minimum, the bank can loan the excess to a bank that is below minimum. The market for federal funds determines the federal funds rate. By controlling the discount rate, the Fed can influence the nation’s economic cycles, to some extent. Let’s look at some scenarios: If the nation’s economy expands rapidly, historically the threat of inflation becomes a worry for consumers. Inflation — the general increase in the price of services and goods — lowers consumers’ purchasing power. The Fed fights inflation by increasing these key interest rates. By raising the fed funds rate, the Fed decreases the amount of money available to the national banking itary regime, which only breeds resentment as it covers up its failures. In Pakistan the mentality seems to be that having won an election, the victor can persecute his or political rivals. I’d prefer a moderate competent military regime to this kind of pseudo democracy. How is failure in Afghanistan going to affect Pakistan? If the Taliban come back to power or if they play a significant role in the future dispensation, there will be a major blowback on Pakistan. We may yet see how the government of Pakistan responds to the Taliban mindset which says that ‘we [Taliban] have defeated one superpower, the United States, in Afghanistan and now we will take control of Pakistan and then India.’ This is a revolutionary movement that has to be contained and stopped, not provided with safe-haven and political support. Staying away from Bonn was a strategic gaffe that put Pakistan on the opposite side of virtually the entire world. What are some of the future scenarios and options you discuss in the book about Pakistan? Some American experts are talking about containing Pakistan. This is premature language, but if Pakistan pursues policies which are hostile to American interests in Afghanistan and if they support terrorism then we might move to a policy of containment . This would have two dimensions: erecting a military

system. Banks tend to base the rates charged for business and consumer loans on their own cost of funds. So an increase in the discount rate and fed funds rates will usually lead to banks increasing their lending rates. This makes borrowed money more expensive for businesses and consumers. By making borrowed money more expensive, the Fed hopes to slow inflation by slowing down the rate at which money is spent. When the economy is dragging and needs an extra monetary boost, the Fed “loosens” the nation’s money supply by decreasing the discount and fed funds rates. By lowering these rates, the Fed makes more money available to the nation’s banks. This leads to borrowed money becoming cheaper for consumers and businesses. The extra money helps stimulate consumer spending and promote economic growth. You may want to pay close attention to the actions of the Federal Reserve, especially if you have interest-sensitive investments. Your Financial Advisor can assist you in understanding how interest rate changes can affect the performance of your portfolio. (Saghir A. Aslam only explains strategies and formulas that he has been using. He is merely providing information, and NO ADVICE is given. Mr. Aslam does not endorse or recommend any broker, brokerage firm, or any investment at all, or does he suggest that anyone will earn a profit when or if they purchase stocks, bonds or any other investments. All stocks or investment vehicles mentioned are for illustrative purposes only. Mr. Aslam is not an attorney, accountant, real estate broker, stockbroker, investment advisor, or certified financial planner. Mr. Aslam does not have anything for sale.) barrier while supporting internal transformation. I don’t know about containing Pakistan militarily, it seems to be pursing self-defeating policies in any case, but I support the latter kind of policy. America’s goal should be a normal Pakistan. What should or can be done to immediately bring Pakistan into what you call a ‘normal state category’? The long-term key to normalizing Pakistan is India. The fear of India drives the Pakistan army and the army drives Pakistan. If India can normalize with Pakistan in one way or the other, then Pakistan can devote its resources and energy to becoming a more attractive and respected country. What are the warning signs and revolutionary options for Pakistan? An interesting part of the book is where I compare Pakistan with a number of other states. Pakistan is unlikely to follow the Iranian model of a clergy-led revolution because the army in Pakistan is stronger than its counterpart was in Iran. The negative case for Pakistan would be that of Tsarist Russia where the country was destabilized by World War I, the army fell apart and Russia’s ruling nobility had no credibility, and revolutionary groups filled the gap. There are also other bad examples like the Balkans or Yugoslavia, or interwar Japan, where the FUTURE, P29

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Exchange Rates for Currency Notes* Countries USA S.Arabia UK Japan Euro UAE

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Buying Rs.

106.20 28.40 175.80 1.0300 145.80 29.00

106.40 28.50 176.00 1.0400 146.00 29.20

(*January 28, 2014)

U.S. VISA AVAILABILITY IN JANUARY 2014

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RELIGION

JANUARY 31, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P27

Prophet Muhammad as a Humanitarian Leader n By Dr Muzammil H. Siddiqi

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e sent you not except as a mercy for the worlds. (Al-Anbiya’ 21:107)

Have you seen someone who rejects religion? That is the person who pushes the orphan aside and does not promote feeding the needy. Woe to those who pray but who are unmindful of their prayer, whose aim is to be noticed, while they hold back the common courtesies. (Al-Ma’un 107:1-7) The word “humanitarian” is defined in Webster’s Dictionary as “a person devoted to promoting the welfare of humanity, especially through the elimination of pain and suffering.” Prophet Muhammad was the best example and the greatest leader who came to promote human welfare. Allah sent him as a “mercy to the worlds.” As a Prophet and Messenger of Allah, his mission was to guide human beings to the path of truth and salvation. He, however, did not limit his work to preaching faith and prayers alone; he also emphasized helping all human beings, regardless of their races, colors or religions. He was good to all human beings. The purpose of this talk is to emphasize the humanitarian aspects of the Sirah of the Prophet peace be upon him. We shall look at both the humanitarian teachings of the Prophet and his humanitarian example. Humanitarian teachings of the Prophet From the beginning of his mission until he left this world, Prophet Muhammad emphasized that all human beings are one family, descending from the one and same father and mother, Adam and Eve. He spoke against racial or color discrimination. He spoke against tribalism and against all kinds of prejudices. There is not a single incident or a single statement in which he showed directly or indirectly any prejudice against any person of any race, color or tribe. In the society in which he was born such discriminations were common; but he always spoke against them and reminded his followers to treat all people with respect. He emphasized justice towards all people. He was just not only to Muslims, but also to nonMuslims. He was just not only to his friends but also to his enemies. Allah gave him the message of universal justice: O ye who believe! stand out firmly for Allah, as witnesses to fair

dealing, and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just: that is next to Piety: and fear Allah. For Allah is well-acquainted with all that you do. (Al-Ma’idah 5:8) Prophet Muhammad - peace be upon him- preached this message and practiced it in the best way. Neither in the time of peace nor in the time of war he did injustice to his enemies. Actually, in many instances when he defeated his enemies in battles, he forgave them and let them go free. He emphasized the human rights of all people. Before Prophet Muhammad there was no concept of universal human rights; it was he who gave the world this idea that all human beings have some Godgiven and inalienable rights. He spoke about the rights of life, right of basic necessities of life, right of property, protection of honor, personal freedom, freedom of expression, freedom of conscience and conviction, equality before law, the right of consultation. It was he who taught that women must be treated with respect and honor. It was he who taught the dignity of workers and said that workers should be given fair wages and paid promptly. It was Prophet Muhammad - peace and blessings of Allah be upon

him - who taught the first time in history that rulers are responsible before their people and they can be removed by the people. Prophet Muhammad taught kindness to family, love of children, respect of parents and elders and

He did not limit his work to preaching faith and prayers alone; he also emphasized helping all human beings, regardless of their races, colors or religions. He was good to all human beings

kindness to neighbors. He told us that even if our parents or other relatives reject Allah’s message and continue in their unbelief or idol worship, we should not mistreat them. We should not follow their wrong ways, but in worldly matters we should be good to them. He told us that we should treat all our neighbors with care and kindness. He told us, “He/she is not a believer who eats while his neighbor is hungry.” He did not distinguish beGOLDEN BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY IN U.S.A. tween a Muslim and non-Muslim in this humaniLooking for an investor/operator to run an existing successful tarian treatment of relatives and neighbors. multiple fast food well known chain in U.S.A. Prophet Fast food or retail business experience required. E2 visa option Muhammad was not only kind available for non-resident of U.S.A. on investment of $125,000.00 to Muslims; he was also kind to 150,000.00. Projected minimum income of over $50,000.00. and respectful to non-Muslims. He listened to Send inquires to khankamran5@aol.com.

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their arguments and answered them in the nicest manner. He criticized their misconceptions and gave them the message of Islam, but never forced them to accept Islam. Some of his own relatives did not accept Islam but the Prophet did not mistreat them even when he had full powers to do that. He rather helped them whenever they were in need. He taught kindness to neighbors and to all relatives whether Muslims or non-Muslims. Prophet Muhammad never allowed fighting any person or group unless they attacked first. He urged peaceful relations, agreement and treaties and he reminded his followers to observe all treaties and covenants as long as the enemies observed them. Humanitarian Example of the Prophet Prophet Muhammad - peace be upon him - also gave us a perfect example of a humanitarian leader. In his early age, before Allah appointed him as His Prophet and Messenger, Prophet Muhammad was known as an honest, trustworthy and truthful person. He was called al-Sadiq and al-Amin. It was due to his loving and peaceful character that Quraish asked him to arbitrate in their dispute on who should place the Black Stone in the wall of the Ka’bah when they were repairing its building. It was due to his humanitarian spirit that he joined a group of noble people in Makkah who wanted to protect the widows, orphans or strangers in their city. He joined the Hilf al-Fudul and even after he became the Prophet of Allah, he continued speaking highly of this group, its humanitarian efforts and indicated his willingness to respond to them whenever they would call. When the leaders of various tribes in Makkah made life difficult for Prophet Muhammad, surround-

ed his house and came to kill him, the Prophet did not leave his home without making sure that anything that he had borrowed or kept as a trust with him must be returned to its rightful owners, although some of them turned against him and became his enemies because of his message of Islam. This is a most unique example of sincerity and honesty as well as of humanitarian spirit. It is reported that after the Hijrah while the people of Makkah were still his enemies, it came to the attention of the Prophet that they were going through shortage of food due to some famine; the Prophet immediately sent some food for them from Madinah. This is another unique example of humanitarian spirit towards the enemies, even when they are at war. Prophet Muhammad never allowed the starvation of any person, even animals. He warned about Allah’s punishment of hell for a woman who kept a cat in some place, did not allow the cat to go out nor gave her food or water. The poor cat died of starvation. On the other hand, the Prophet praised a person who gave water to a very thirsty dog and thus received special blessings of Allah. There are many examples of his compassion and kindness towards the animals. As the leader of the community, in Madinah, the Prophet used to receive charity (Sadaqat and Zakat), but he never used it on himself or his family. He was, however, very generous in helping the poor people. He used to give with such a generosity that people used to say that he gives like a person who does not fear poverty. Beside teaching and preaching the message of Allah, it was his mission to remove the suffering of all people. It is important for us Muslims to remember this humanitarian spirit of Islam. We should be kind and generous towards all people. Because of the lack of understanding of the humanitarian nature of Islamic teachings and humanitarian example of Prophet Muhammad - peace be upon him - many Muslims today think that our social work, relief work and humanitarian efforts should be only directed towards Muslims. We lag behind in supporting the humanitarian causes here in America and around the world. This is against the clear teachings and spirit of Islam. We should emphasize more and more humanitarian works. We should establish institutions for the assistance of all poor people, regardless of their religions. We should feed the hungry, provide clean water and clothes to those who are in need. We should establish medical clinics for free treatment of all those who are sick and need our help and assistance. We should take care of the senior citizens, orphans and widows to the best of our capacities. We should organize systematic relief programs for those who are victims of natural or man-made disasters everywhere in the world. We should establish educational institutions not only for Muslims but also for others. Just as da’wah is important, humanitarian work is also very important. Actually no successful Da’wah work can be done without sincere humanitarian work.


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P28 – PAKISTAN LINK – JANUARY 31, 2014

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PAKISTAN FUTURE FROM P26

military pursued fatally self-destructive policies vis-a-vis the West and China. Never in history have we seen a country so big with so many nuclear weapons in this kind of trouble. When the Chinese went through their cultural revolution, they did not have nuclear weapons. Hence, people were not much afraid of China. When the Soviet Union disintegrated and became Russia, they knew they wanted to become Europeans. Pakistanis should now decide to become South Asians by becoming once again a part of South Asia. Can China become an alternative strategic partner of Pakistan to replace the US? If the Chinese could teach Pakistan how to become an economic power, that would be great. Yet, the Chinese are not going to teach Pakistan how to become a democracy. Given Pakistan’s complexity and social diversity, democracy is a good system for it because it allows most people to have a say in the affairs of the state. You can’t run Pakistan from the center. The army has tried that many times but has failed. After every military takeover, they called back the civilians within three years. On the political front, China is not a role model for Pakistan. Out of nukes, huge population and geostrategic location, what worries the world the most about an unstable Pakistan? The nuclear weapons are probably under responsible control. If Pakistan breaks down or some separatist movements succeed, as happened in 1971, then we’ll begin to worry about the nuclear weapons. Pakistan, like North Korea, is “too nuclear to fail,” that is, no one wants to see a real nuclear weapons state disintegrate. Also Pakistan, like North Korea, uses its nuclear asset and its political fragility as a means to extract concessions from other countries. We’ve contributed to this beggingbowl syndrome, for years. The US should provide aid to Pakistan but link it to more concrete reforms in education, administration, and democratization. Otherwise we are wasting our time and money. I don’t like the term ‘trust deficit’; trust will grow when there are clear — and public — links between our respective obligations over time. (Malik Siraj Akbar is a freelance journalist based in Washington DC. - Courtesy The Express Tribune) HEC FROM P15

taken against such papers, there are other hundreds of other plagiarized papers from past decades which will have to come under HEC scrutiny, which is an impossible task,” he said. Interestingly, despite being head of the probing team, he felt that the entire exercise was a “conspiracy” against Laghari. The paper by Laghari and Mohammad Nadeem was published in the Journal of Independent Studies and Research in July 2003. Laghari presented the same paper at a national research conference held in Karachi in 2003 while he was teaching at Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute Science and Technology (SZABIST). While speaking to The Express Tribune, Laghari claimed that it was not a research paper but only an article. He added that he did not contribute to the piece and only provided the data the Nadeem needed. Laghari also said that the case did not fall under the HEC plagiarism policy as it was published in a maga-

JANUARY 31, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P29 zine, adding, “I never benefited from it and the co-author included my name without my knowledge.” However, the research paper also figures in his curriculum vitae, still available on the HEC website. DOJ FROM P21

questioning, arrest and/or being required to register with what was then the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). In 2003, the current profiling rules were created by a Bush administration directive, which stated race may not be used in investigations except for national security matters. The DOJ’s anticipated rule change comes following pressure from Democrats and civil liberties groups who have long argued that excluding religion, sexual orientation and national origin from the guidelines is not only unconstitutional but ineffective. Attorney General Eric Holder has been an outspoken critic of racial profiling and has reportedly been working on changing the rules for the past few years. Holder discussed the policy change during a meeting with New York Mayor Bill de Blasio, who is a fierce opponent of the New York Police Department’s (NYPD) stop-and-frisk policy. Last summer, Holder filed a brief in the Center for Constitutional Rights’ lawsuit against the NYPD policy, in which he suggested that it be put under federal monitoring. The New York Police Department also used religious profiling in its mass surveillance of Muslim communities in and around New York City. In August 2013, a federal judge ruled that the stop-andfrisk policy unconstitutionally targeted minorities. What remains to be seen is a timeline for implementation and clarification as to whether the current loophole allowing the use of racial profiling in counterterrorism investigations will remain. Though the DOJ’s new rule change would only apply to federal law enforcement agents, we hope the change will send an important signal to local and state law enforcement to follow suit, says an MPAC Press Release. RESULTS FROM P1

Irfan Siddiqui said it was satisfactory that all segments of society have welcomed the formation of the committee and no negative comment has been received from any quarter. NAWAZ FROM P1

killing at least three Rangers personnel in separate bomb attacks in Karachi. Speaking to Dawn.com from an undisclosed location via telephone, Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) spokesman Shahidullah Shahid claimed responsibility for the attacks. Sharif has long supported talks as the best way to end the years of fighting with the Pakistani Taliban. But after a spate of attacks in January, he had been under pressure to take steps to bring the country’s violence under control. His speech came amid speculation that the government would soon authorize a large-scale military operation against militants. Speaking to parliamentarians on Wednesday, Sharif said the entire nation – including all state institutions – stand united if the government decides to react to terrorism with full force. “Since the other side has shown intent to negotiate, we also wish to give peace yet another chance,” he said, adding that bitter experiences of the past propelled the government to hold peace talks to bear

fruit. “The acts of terror must stop. Terrorism and talks cannot continue simultaneously,” he told parliamentarians. He said peace was not a choice but the ultimate destination at which the government wanted to arrive and it would achieve it at all costs. The prime minster said that all state agencies were also united to ensure that the war against terrorism must end. In an apparent allusion to former military ruler General (retd) Pervez Musharraf, Sharif alleged that a dictator and his unconstitutional government had put the country in a despicable state. The premier said his government was doing all it could to stop US drone strikes on its soil. However, at the same time there was no justification for continuing the acts of terror in reaction to the drone strikes. “Are the innocent children who fall prey to acts of terrorism, or the innocent civilians who die in such attacks, responsible for conducting the drone strikes?” he asked. “Murder of innocent people cannot be tolerated anymore.” Sharif further said that he agreed with the proposals of opposition leaders to set a time-frame for dialogue and make it open and transparent. “I desire that dialogue should be open and transparent. I appreciate the proposals of opposition leaders,” he said in response to points raised by leaders of two major opposition parties, the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) and the Pakistan Tehrik-iInsaf (PTI). To ensure transparency and take along all stakeholders, the federal government had included a nominee of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government in the four-member committee. “I hope Rustam Shah Mohmand will continuously be briefing Imran Khan and KP government on the progress of dialogue.” “Moreover, I also invite the opposition leaders to sit with me and give their proposals. I am also ready to sit with you. Invite me to your residence and I shall come to listen to you. Your proposals will be supportive,” said the prime minister. He, however, said he did not deem it suitable to give a time-frame to the dialogue process at this moment. “If the process proceeds, a time frame can also be set,” he said. Rahimullah Yusufzai told news agency AFP: “Our role will be of facilitators and we will pave the way for negotiations between the government and the Taliban.” But he cautioned: “I am not attaching any expectations with the process right now because we are not aware of our mandate and other details, including the timeframe that will be given to the committee.” Another member of the committee, Rustam Shah, said: “It is difficult to have an optimistic view about any success be-

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cause of deep mistrust on both sides.” ”The success of the negotiations will depend on how much support the government gives to the commitRELATIONSHIP FROM P1

Defense, Water and Power Khawaja Muhammad Asif and Pakistan’s ambassador to the United States Jalil Abbas Jilani were present. In his speech, Pakistan’s chief national security advisor highlighted that five working groups under the Strategic Dialogue have held their meetings and that cooperation in the fields of energy, defense, counterterrorism, law enforcement is “moving very well.” However, Sartaj Aziz called for greater trade access for Pakistani products and a robust inflow of American investment into prospective areas of the country’s economy. He said an investment conference being held in Islamabad will give the signal to American investors for opportunities they can utilize in the country. The top advisor to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said the purpose of the dialogue is to convert the transactional relationship into a strategic relationship. Aziz highlighted the significance of Washington giving “greater attention to Pakistan’s concerns” regarding spillover of fighters, who were previously jointly trained to fight the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan and concerns regarding India and nuclear civil deal. “I think there is an appreciation of these points,” he noted, at the event, moderated by Director South Asia Shuja Nawaz. Regarding US concerns on terrorism, safe haven and cross-border militancy, Aziz said most of these were “perception issues but also partly issues of timing.” TALKS: United States and Pakistani officials met in Washington Monday to discuss increasing cooperation on a wide range of issues including law enforcement, counterterrorism and defense. The talks were led by Secretary of State John Kerry and Sartaj Aziz, Pakistan’s National Security and Foreign Affairs Advisor. In remarks ahead of the meeting, Kerry said the strategic dialogue is the latest indication of the US and Pakistan’s common commitment to “escalating shared prosperity” and helping to resolve some of the economic challenges that Pakistan faces. He added that the talks were also an important way to recognize the two nations’ shared security relationship.

Sartaj said the resumption of the talks - after three years- symbolizes the resilience of the relationship and the commitment of both sides not to let “transient irritants and disagreements” overshadow the strategic relevance of bilateral ties. A joint statement, issued after the plenary session of the US-Pakistan Strategic Dialogue, attempts to allay the fear — often expressed in Islamabad — that Washington intends to seize its nuclear weapons. It says that at Monday’s plenary session, US Secretary of State John Kerry “expressed confidence in Pakistan’s commitment and dedication to nuclear security and appreciation for Pakistan’s efforts to improve its strategic trade controls”. The document notes that Pakistan has an “important role” in the Afghan-led reconciliation process, and appreciates “concrete efforts” Islamabad has taken so far for promoting the process. The document, signed by Secretary Kerry and Pakistan’s Adviser for National Security and Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz, comes close to a promised blueprint and defines the major issues the two sides may confront while attempting to revive their relationship after three years of AFIC FROM P1

In its application, the prosecution termed the report evasive and requested that it be disregarded. “But if the honorable court wishes to give any weight to this report, the prosecution requests for summoning at least the president of the medical board, Maj Gen Syed Mohammad Imran Majeed, Adviser in Cardiology, Pakistan Armed Forces, professor, senior cardiologist and cardiac electro-physiologist, to cross-examine him for the limited purpose of his findings and opinion to evaluate his report and his prescription embodying the desire of the accused,” the application said. REACTION FROM P1

Sharif ’s announcement to formulate a four-member committee to hold negotiations with the Pakistan Taliban, the decision attracted mixed reactions from the major political parties in the country. Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly Khursheed Shah said that “if the government wanted to end terrorism through peace talks, then the opposition would extend its full cooperation and support” adding that the “opposition would never try politicize the issue of terrorism.”


ENTERTAINMENT

P30 – PAKISTAN LINK – JANUARY 31, 2014 ENTERTAINMENT & LIFESTYLE

JANUARY 31, 2014 - PAKISTAN LINK

W

hile quite a few Pakistani singers have made their mark in Bollywood, not many actors have made their presence felt in Indian films. From Meera to Humayun Saeed to Javed Sheikh, all have come and gone without leaving a trace. But our very own Imran Abbas hopes to achieve more than that. His first Indian film Creature, along side the sultry Bipasha Basu, is expected to rake in money as well as good reviews for the Pakistani actor. The director of Creature is Vikram Bhatt and insiders say it's been treated differently and is not just a regular 3D shriek-fest. So all the best to Imran A. We hope you're playing the part of a ghoul or zombie in Creature.

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isten to Humaira Channa. She makes a lot of sense when she speaks. To boot, she's an excellent vocalist. In a recent tête-à-tête with an Urdu penpusher the girl with a velvety voice came up with the suggestion that there should be a 'showbiz ministry' in the country. She argued that there's so much 'talent' in every department of show business and it wouldn't be right not to provide it with official patronage. Well, Humaira C has a point. But who's going to lend an ear to her? We've been hearing about a culture ministry for the past few decades, leave aside its showbiz offshoot. Courtesy Dawn

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JANUARY 31, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P31

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P32 – PAKISTAN LINK – JANUARY 31, 2014

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