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Friday, April 4, 2014

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Islamabad: Army chief General Raheel Sharif is said to have suggested to the government let Gen (retd) Pervez Musharraf go abroad for his medical treatment to look after his ailing mother. The issue of Musharraf ’s possible exit was discussed during a meeting between Gen Raheel and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on Tuesday. Inter-Services Intelligence chief Lt Gen Zaheerul Islam also attended the ‘informal consultations’ to decide the fate of Musharraf. Both chiefs were supposed to attend a meeting on national security to discuss the future strategy for talks with the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) but the meeting was postponed due to developments taking place on Musharraf ’s front. There was no official release regarding the high-level meeting between the prime minister and the army chief. A source, however, confirmed the development and insisted that it was an informal meeting to discuss the future of Musharraf. A well-informed security official told The Express Tribune that Musharraf ’s name should be removed from the exit control list after a clear verdict by the special RAHEEL, P29

14 PTI MPAs Form Separate Bloc

Nazia Hasan’s Voice Continues to Live on

How to Catalyze Youth Entrepreneurship

West Must Accept Pakistan as a Nuclear Power Musharraf ’s Case ‘Should Come to a Close’: Raheel Tells Nawaz




Govt. Will Not Remove Name from ECL Islamabad: In an ambiguously-worded communique, the Interior Ministry has informed General (retd) Pervez Musharraf that the government was “unable to accede to his requests” to remove his name from the Exist Control List (ECL) “on the basis of record pronouncements of the superior courts.” The communication read: The requests have been considered on the basis of record pronouncements of the superior courts on the cited subject and pending criminal cases in various courts. The federal government is unable to accede to your requests in public interest. Sources privy to the developments and meetings say, however, that the vaguely-worded communique has its reasons – mostly political. It has been suggested that Musharraf ’s legal team approach relevant courts in order to have the defen-

PTI, P29

For news, updated round the clock, visit Taliban Leadership Divided on Extending Ceasefire

Peshawar: Due to prevailing dif-

order to seek removal of his name from the ECL. It is also expected that an application will be submitted in the Sindh High Court. PML-N IN A FIX: An overwhelming majority within the PML-N is reported to be against allowing former president retired Gen Pervez Musharraf to travel

ference of opinion among their ranks, the Pakistani Taliban have not extended a month-long ceasefire but are still open to pursuing peace talks with the government, a spokesman for the insurgent movement said Wednesday. Shahidullah Shahid , Central spokesman for Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), said some Taliban leaders had objected to extending the ceasefire, which lasted during the month of March. “No decision has been made regarding extension in ceasefire,” he said, adding that a meeting of the central Shura (council) would soon be held to discuss the matter. Shahidullah accused the government of arresting more than 120 TTP militants and not accepting any of their demands during the month-long ceasefire. Government negotiators were not available Wednesday to comment on whether talks would continue. Taliban negotiators have demanded the government to release 800 prisoners they describe as innocent family members and

Interior Ministry Apologizes for ‘Defiance of Parliament’

Pakistan Leads the Way among Regional Competitors

Last month, the interior ministry had to brief the senate’s standing committee on interior regarding the national security policy; however, no official from the ministry turned up. Later, a letter from an official of the ministry proposing that the senate’s panel should meet once in two months added fuel to the fire. The situation had forced the chairman of the committee, Talha Mehmood, to write to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and Chairman Senate Nayyar

Karachi: Pakistan is leading other markets in the grouping of South Asia Growth Economies-West regions that includes countries like Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bhutan, according to Akkasha Sultan who is Regional Director Applications for Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries. Serving as the headquarters for the SAGE-W region, the country is ahead of its regional counterparts in terms of adopting technologies and transformation at a large scale, Sultan said in an interview with The Express Tribune at the company’s office in Karachi last week. “Pakistani market is growing at a very fast pace. It is one of our major markets in terms of revenues,” Sultan said. “While some other

dant’s name removed from the ECL (which is why it was placed on the ECL to begin with). An Interior Ministry official said that after a high-level meeting and deliberations it was decided that it would be a better option that any decision on the matter should be taken in light of a judicial order. “This is a win-win

situation for all,” he added. “It is more of a political decision and has minimal legal hurdles,” the interior ministry official told The Express Tribune. The government is perhaps weighing its options and possible repercussions of the decision, he added. Sources said the former president will approach the High Court in

Peshawar: Fourteen members of

the Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf in the KP assembly have raised a banner of revolt against policies of their own government in the province and formed a separate bloc. Qurban Ali Khan, the selfdeclared ‘focal person’ of the group, has claimed that a few other lawmakers are likely to join the ranks of dissidents. He declined to disclose the lawmakers’ names. “At present 14 lawmakers have formed a bloc and some others will join them in two or three days,” he said while talking to Dawn at the MPAs Hostel here on Tuesday. He was accompanied by Javed Nasim from Peshawar, who had submitted an application to the speaker seeking a separate seat in the assembly a few months ago.

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A view of the National Assembly


The interior ministry, on Tuesday,

apologized for what had been termed by the senate

body as a ‘willful defiance of the parliament’.

ECL, P29


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landmark Summit was convened at the preeminent US media forum, The National Press Club, at Washington, DC. The focus of the daylong symposium was a reassessment on the hitherto taboo topic of the influence of Israel on US policy-making and its broader repercussions.

The National Summit – the first of its kind – attracted heavyweights associated with Congress, military, academia, media, intelligence, plus a cross-section of notable civil society activists. The topic and the venue ensured overflowing attendance as well as live media coverage on CSPAN TV. The discussion covered a broad spectrum of issues including, but not limited to, the reach of the pro-Israel lobby, its incitement of the March 2003 invasion of Iraq, its bellicosity on Iran, its control and muzzling of the Middle East discourse, its attempts to divert attention away from Israel’s nuclear arsenal, its clout on political parties, and whether Israel was a liability or an asset for America. Some former senior Naval officers detailed evidence of Israeli espionage activity in the United States. Experts also presented evidence of the Israeli strategy of fragmenting of its foes and inciting ethno-sectarian wars. Spotlight was put on US officialdom for their willingness to sub-

Letters to the Editor

n By Amina Jilani Karachi, Pakistan

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ordinate America’s national security interests to those of Israel’s. Various US Presidents came under blistering critique for crumbling under pressure. Nor did the US me-


ell, our prime minister may “take pride” in Pakistan’s democracy, as he announced to the Pakistani media in London the other day on his way back to democracy after his visit to The Hague, but for the average mind, it is not at all simple to figure out exactly what form of democracy runs, or does not run, the Islamic Republic.

Nawaz Sharif ’s perspective on democracy swivels around the dollar and the stock market, two rather dicey, mysteriously manipulated factors that according to him, have aided the world in recognizing that “Pakistan is firmly entrenched on the course to democracy”. At least, he sensibly admits to be “on the course”, the problem being staying the course. Supposedly, according to the largely un-interpretable and ignored Constitution, the form of democracy is parliamentary. But that is not how it works. For five years, after the 2008 elections and the unsurprising result, the country and parliament were ruled from the splendors of the presidential palace by a political party chief — democracy’s prime ministers and other dummy political appointees faithfully toed the presidential line, wise monkeys all of them. The main and muchlauded achievement of the party leader was that he actually lasted out for the full five-year term. Then suddenly, come the next round of constitutionally mandated elections, following the traditions set in the 1990s, in comes the PPP rival, the PML-N whose chief moves all powers out of the presidency and into the prime ministerial mansion. An obscure party-man, unknown to almost everyone, but who has the happy

access Israel had in US policy corridors. Senior military veterans cited how, during their tenure in Iraq, they repeatedly found how pivotal the Palestinian issue was in the imagina-

Some educators were appalled to note how historyteaching in US high schools was being slanted to indoctrinate American pupils with a one-sided narrative dia come out unscathed for practicing self-censorship to cover-up Mideast realities. Former Pentagon officials expressed dismay over the unfettered

On the Low Road

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A Reassessment in Washington

n By Mowahid Hussain Shah

knack of knowing which edibles are most appreciated by those who matter, is installed in the presidency from whence, from time to time, statements to no avail are issued — the rulers of the day are working devotedly and honestly, the $1.5 billion is a manifestation of the “love and affection” of the donor “brother and true friend”. But then he has probably never heard of Chanakya: “There is no friendship without self interests. This is a bitter truth.” The powerful prime minister may waffle on about democracy, the world being his oyster, but he has neither the time nor inclination for parliament. It is irrelevant, the “people’s representatives”, who represent the people in no way, are but phantoms of parliamentary democracy. The prime minister has handed over the dayto-day running of the country to two men, one connected faithfully to his family for donkey’s years, the financial conjurer, the other a political companion, also for more years than should be remembered, with a remarkable consistency as far as coiffure is concerned and a tendency towards tediousness in many other matters. Parliament, most of the time, is unaware of how things happen. It had no clue about the whys and wherefores of the largesse gifted by “brother and true friend”, it is puzzled about the transient mighty rupee versus the might of the dollar, and it is in the dark about the never-ending controversial “talks” masterminded by the superb jack of all trades, the IntMin. The political charade of jaw-jawing with an adversary of irreconcilable aims and beliefs (to the sane, but maybe not to the many in the closet, and the great aspiring to further greatness) defies rationality. But then, in the ROAD, P29

tion of ordinary Iraqis. Some pointed to the slow emergence of a lobby within the US military, which is strongly resentful of being manipulated into unwise in-

Too Dangerous to Suggest n By Col. Riaz Jafri (Retd.)


Westridge, Rawalpindi

terventions incited by Israel, where American lives and interests come in harm’s way. The silencing and discrediting of critics of Israel was deplored. Ample instances were provided of prominent media personalities whose reputations were tarnished and their careers derailed for questioning the Israeli grip on the direction of US Mideast policies, and expressing empathy for the plight of the Palestinian people. Some educators were appalled to note how history-teaching in US high schools was being slanted to indoctrinate American pupils with a one-sided narrative. This absolutist bid to ostracize adversaries of Israel and strike down any potential competitors has diminished democracy in America and shrunk US standing elsewhere. The conclusion of the colloquium was that, in effect, Israel was neither an ally nor a friend of the US because of the deep damage it had done to the US. Speakers openly advocated terminating aid to Israel and stop the blank check. The panelists urged the American public to develop critical discernment and suggested that the aura of invincibility, which the pro-Israel lobby has cultivated, would prove to be shallow should it be countered by an effective opposition. That is the inescapable challenge looming ahead for the American public in general and the Western Muslim community in particular. If it seems like a near impossible dream, so too was Pakistan when it was initially envisioned.

‘K’ in KP(K) n By Dr Ghayur Ayub


London, UK

hose familiar with Pakhtu language know that ‘Pakhtunkhwa’ is one word abbreviated as ‘P’. A few ‘intelligent legislators’ while giving abbreviation to ‘Pakhnukhwa’ in the 18th Amendment abbreviated it with ‘PK’, which is laughable.

ver since $1.5 billion were given by a ’friendly’ country and high profile kings and monarchs of Saudi Arabia and Bahrain started visiting Pakistan rumor mills in the country have gone head over heels in churning out all Can a Pakhtun legislator bring kinds of tell-tale stories, gossips and this to the notice of the parliament and speculations – some too dangerous remove the extra ‘K’, calling ‘Khyber to be realized by them in their sheer Pakhtunkhwa’ as KP rather than KPK. naivety and ignorance of the gravity of the matter. Some of the whiz kids have speculated of our troops being dispatched to Syria and Bahrain to fight the insurgents. The govt. has categorically denied that no such request was made by the Saudis or the Bahrain King and even if it was made Pakistan had no intention of sending its troops to these countries. That should have put the matter to rest but the ‘wise men’ of our media keep haranguing that there is never a free lunch in this world and as such MNS who has a personal equation with the Sheikhs might send the troops to Syria and Bahrain. What is more dangerous than sending the troops is the view advanced by our so-called idiot box ‘intellectuals’ that the insurgencies in Syria and Bahrain are sectarian-based and in both countries Pakistani troops will have to fight against the Shiites – in Bahrain to help the Sunni King against the majority Shiite populace being aided by Iran, and in Syria to assist the Sunni rebels against the Alavi (a Shia sub-sect) dictator Bashar al Asad. For God’s sake, stop this nonsense. Do not raise the possibility of Pakistan army fighting for the Sunnis or the Shias. By the grace of Allah Almighty never for a second has such a thought crossed the

mind of any Pakistani soldier. There are no Shias or Sunnies in our army. Not only that, there are no Ahmedis, Christians, Parsis, Hindus and of late even the martial blooded Sikhs in our army. They are all one and the same, not in the religious sense but as defenders of Pakistan. Troops never fight and kill anyone on the basis of sect or beliefs. They are there to restore the writ of the govt. Had it not been so, the Muslim troops would not have killed some time back Yemini Muslim terrorists right inside ARMY, P29

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P6 – PAKISTAN LINK – APRIL 4, 2014 n By Dr Adil Najam



n March 23 we went through the motions of celebrating Pakistan Day. With song, slogan and sincere banality we commemorated the single most important founding document of our republic.

A document that too many of us have never read. A document that too many others believe they know so well that they do not need to read. A document whose eventual impact its drafters could not have imagined. A document whose intent seems lost on those whose lives it transformed. Today, let us (re-)read that document. March 22, is not a bad day to do so. The 27th Annual Session of the All-India Muslim League actually began in Lahore on March 22, 1940, at what was then called Minto Park and has since been renamed Iqbal Park. Although we celebrate Pakistan Day on March 23, formal discussion on what was originally called the Qarardad-e-Lahore (Lahore Resolution) began on March 22, it was formally proposed by Sher-e-Bengal (Lion of Bengal) Fazlul Haq on March 23, and was not officially adopted until March 24. Newspapers of the time dubbed it the “Pakistan Resolution” (Qarardad-e-Pakistan), and from then onwards that is what it became. The resolution itself is not very long: a little more than 400 words, five paragraphs. Ambiguous as it

March 1940: What Were They Thinking? was designed to be, it is remarkably well-crafted. The first paragraph sets the context by “approving and endorsing” decisions already taken by the Muslim League’s Council and Working Committee. Importantly, it “emphatically reiterates that the scheme of federation embodied in the Government of India Act 1935, is totally unsuited to, and unworkable in the peculiar conditions of this country and is altogether unacceptable to Muslim India.” The second paragraph is also about context. It very strategically reminds the viceroy that he has already agreed to reconsider the 1935 Act and goes on to very clearly assert that “Muslim India will not be satisfied unless the whole constitutional plan is reconsidered de novo and that no revised plan would be acceptable to Muslims unless it is framed with their approval and consent.” It is the third paragraph that lays out the substance of what today’s Pakistan has come to see as the gist of the resolution. It deserves to be quoted in full: “Resolved that it is the considered view of this Session of the All-India Muslim League that no constitutional plan would be workable in this country or acceptable to the Muslims unless it is designed on the following basic principles, viz., that geographically contiguous units are demarcated into regions which should be so constituted, with such territorial readjustments as may be necessary, that the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in a

Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah arrives at the Manto Park on the historic day

majority as in the North Western and Eastern zones of India should be grouped to constitute independent states in which the constituent

ten about this part. Stanley Wolpert (Jinnah of Pakistan, 1984) points out that “Pakistan was not explicitly mentioned; nor was it clear from the

Stanley Wolpert has described the speech as “truly a stellar performance, worthy of the lead role he alone could command” and the Times of India reported that “such was the dominance of his personality that, despite the improbability of more than a fraction of his audience understanding English, he held his hearers and played with palpable effects on their emotions” units should be autonomous and sovereign.” Much, of course, has been writ-

language of the resolution whether a single Muslim state of both “zones” had been envisioned or two separate

“autonomous” independent states.” Also ambiguous was the role of the ‘center’ and whether these states were to be part of a larger federation or not. But all of that was to come much later as history overtook events as well as intent. We were still, then, in 1940; 1947 had not yet been imagined; and 2014 was unimaginable. To me, however, the fourth paragraph is equally insightful about what was on the minds of our founding fathers on that spring day in Lahore as they debated the resolution amidst a crowd of over 100,000. This paragraph – which remains poignant in terms of today’s Pakistan – also deserves to be quoted in full: “That adequate, effective and mandatory safeguards should be specifically provided in the constitution for minorities in these units in the regions for the protection of their religious, cultural, economic, political, administrative and other rights and interests in consultations with them and in other parts of India where the Mussalmans are in a majority adequate, effective and mandatory safeguards shall be specifically provided in constitution for them and other minorities for the protection of their religious, cultural, economic, political, administrative and other rights and interests in consultation with them.” The final paragraph – in carefully crafted language – gave authority of the League’s working committee to settle the details of whatever was to happen within the “basic principles” of the resolution. It seems to me that there




n By Dr Mohammad Taqi



he Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Provincial Assembly has sneakily passed a resolution asking the federation to vivisect the province. The speaker did not order a headcount for the resolution that calls for carving out a Hazara province from the current boundaries of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The constitutional and legal status of the move is moot and may be challenged in court. Ironically, the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI), Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) and the Jamaat-e-Islami (JI), which were instrumental in bringing this resolution, want one section of the Pakistani population to have the right to self-determination, including a new province based purely on linguistic grounds, but seem hell-bent on throwing the Pashtuns of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) back not just a few decades but all the way to the seventh century. The PTI, PML-N and JI are key players in the dialogue with the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), which, if successful, could turn already forsaken FATA into the Federally Abandoned Tribal Areas.

While the new administrative structure, including the judicial system along with a new high court in a modern state is considered desirable for the Hazarawals — no prejudice intended against their demand — the parties rooted in Punjab and Islamism are determined to shove FATA further down the primitive abyss of the jirga (tribal court) and Taliban sharia. The TTP’s political cheerleaders in Pakistan paint a romantic picture of the defaced and dysfunctional tribal justice system, which even in its most pristine and functional state was quite brutal and arbitrary, especially to the weak. In hypocrisy of the tallest order, the rest of Pakistan gets to enjoy, at

The Federally Abandoned Tribal Areas

least in principle, the right to the due process of law under Article 10-A of the constitution, and FATA is being pushed into the deadly embrace of the jirga/sharia-mongers. Those presenting the jirga in the media as the panacea to all tribal troubles forget that it is this very institution that frequently settles feuds not just through payments of blood

tay), deference (ehteram) to elders (masharan) and deterrence through revenge (badal) along with the institution of jirga were once the pillars of a primordial democratic tribal society. However, over the centuries, the communelike structure of the tribes gave way to exploitative structures, especially the British-introduced Maliki aristocracy and later the TTP’s

Abolishing the 113-year-old draconian Frontier Crimes Regulation (FCR) could be a start but repealing the FCR is neither possible by itself nor will it change much unless FATA is given provincial status or allowed to join Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province money or cattle heads but also by giving away young girls in marriage in the notorious practice called swara. The manipulation-prone jirga system, wherein no provisions for evidence, forensics or female participation exist, clearly flouts the fundamental rights guaranteed in the constitution, especially Article 25 that calls for all citizens to enjoy equal protection of the law and proscribes discrimination on the basis of sex. No doubt, the great values (arzakhtoona) of Pashtunwali (the Pashtun code) like hospitality (milmastia), sanctuary (nanawa-

barbaric sharia. The Maliki arrangement was merely a modification of the Sandeman system deployed by the British in Balochistan, wherein they dealt with the tribes through tribal chieftains. As Sir Olaf Caroe, the last British governor of the North West Frontier Province (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) himself noted, in the absence of a well-defined hierarchy in the acephalous Pashtun tribes, the British created a system of stipends (maujib) for handpicked leaders (Maliks) in a largely transactional relationship. Unfortunately, a

self-serving arrangement by a colonial power is being touted today as the replacement for modern constitutional structures. Leaving FATA in constitutional and legal limbo also has geopolitical motives and ramifications. The Pakistani state’s pretence that FATA is ungovernable, while claiming it as an integral part of the state, is a ruse to continue using it as a base for intervention in Afghanistan and buffer against a blowback. Turmoil, not order, in FATA is what Pakistani strategic planners have wanted for decades in order to unilaterally impose a government of their liking in Kabul as well as to neutralize the Pashtun nationalist-irredentist movement. Ironically, the most vociferous champions of the status quo in FATA and the Durand Line and tribal justice are not the Pashtuns. The mess created in FATA is now threatening Khyber Pakhtunkhwa — dubbed the ‘Fatafication’ of the province by some. However, the Pakistani state’s thrust still is anything but regularizing the tribal areas, despite the constitution bestowing tremendous powers upon the president to usher in such reform. Indeed, Article 247(6) of the constitution empowers the president, after seeking the opinion of a tribal jirga, to “direct that the whole or any part of a Tribal Area shall cease to be Tribal Area”. Clearly, the framers of the 1973 constitution envisioned bringing FATA into the mainstream, not alienating and marginalizing it any further. No matter how negotiations with the TTP end, lasting peace in Pakistan, Afghanistan and FATA itself will remain elusive without addressing the constitutional status of the tribal areas. Abolishing the 113-year-old draconian Frontier Crimes Regulation (FCR) could be a start but repealing the FCR is neither possible by itself nor will it change much unless FATA is given provincial status or allowed to join Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. The judicial, revenue and policing systems — the sine qua non of a state — have to follow the constitutional reform. The Maliki FATA, P26


P8 – PAKISTAN LINK – APRIL 4, 2014 n By Syed Kamran Hashmi


Westfield, IN

fter intense negotiations, a friend of mine was offered Rs 2,000 for his column each week if the organization determined the quality of his material as being exceptional, its message clear, its facts verifiable, its style unique, its language outstanding. Yes, in a country where the minimum wage is Rs 7,000 for a minimally trained worker, he was offered Rs 8,000 ($ 80) every month for being extraordinary.

Before we move forward, let us, for a brief moment, travel back in time and look at the success of the Islamic empire in the ninth century, a period of our history that still makes us proud for the contribution of Muslims in science and philosophy. The Abbassids, after gaining control of the Caliphate, in that era had laid down the foundations of a new city called Baghdad. And, at the same time, in order to improve literacy and to compete with the Byzantine Empire, it also encouraged and funded various projects for the expansion of research and knowledge, which included the translation movement. Without any exaggeration, the translation movement played a critical role in obtaining that objective and can be regarded as one of the most important reasons that Muslims ascended in science, technology and philosophy. Scholars from all over the Caliphate, regardless of

The Plight of Writers in Pakistan their faith and ethnicity, were motivated to translate the Greek work of Aristotle, Plato, Ptolemy and many others into the Arabic language. Once incorporated in Arabic literature, there was enough room for newer schools of thought to emerge and that is exactly what happened. A few decades down the road, Muslims produced a long list of polymaths starting from Al Kindi in the ninth century to Aver-roes (Ibn-eRushd) in the twelfth. Do you want to guess how much they got paid for their work? According to some estimates, those involved in the translation movement made about $ 24,000 or roughly 2.4 million rupees every month, an income that no Pakistani writer can even dream of earning. Today, the culture is just the opposite. The system somehow ensures that writers, opinion makers, educationists and scholars stay behind in the financial race from the rest of their peers in other fields. Unable to make two ends meet, one day they are compelled to give up their passion for research and education, and spend all their energies in generating income for a comfortable life. Even after making that sacrifice, their lifestyle by no means can be considered lavish or ostentatious but is enough to put food on the table. To me, this tragedy alone, in itself, can be counted as the single most important reason for our downfall as a nation. Another friend of mine, a journalist, who returned from the US last year, after earning a Master’s de-

gree from one of the renowned universities in North America, has been writing for various English newspapers and magazines on a regular basis. Like many others in the field, he also has never gotten paid for his work. On top of that, for more than a

jobs, jobs that require more than 12 hours of work every day without extra compensation and demand exceptional quality, with salary less than that of a qualified electrician. In every society, I understand that there will always be exceptions

Muslims produced a long list of polymaths starting from Al Kindi in the ninth century to Aver-roes (Ibn-e-Rushd) in the twelfth. Do you want to guess how much they got paid for their work? According to some estimates, those involved in the translation movement made about $ 24,000 or roughly 2.4 million rupees every month year, he has not been offered a single job that can pay for his house rent and groceries at the same time let alone the utility bills, which, just by themselves, run as high as Rs 30,000 a month. Sure, he has been offered

of those who continue to do a great job, regardless of circumstances, like Leo Tolstoy, who enriched literature in Russia during the 19th century and, to some extent, Bano Qudsiya who, during the Zia regime in

Pakistan, wrote some exceptional television plays. However, for most people, incentives, encouragement, multiple avenues for learning, a conducive environment to polish and improve their talent and hope for a secure future are necessary. In the absence of these prerequisites, notwithstanding all the strategies in place to disenchant and discourage a young writer, the consequences are not far-fetched. First, only low quality work will be produced since there is minimum or low competition. Groups of people with marginal qualifications, who have been unable to excel in other departments, are left to expand the intellectual horizon of any society. Narrow mindedness will thus triumph and be able to prevail as it has happened with Urdu literature. Fewer readers, fewer writers and even fewer financiers have together resulted in its widespread decline with books published in just a few hundreds and limited in discussion on two major areas: religion and romance. Do you recall any crime novel in Urdu, a book that has been discussed on television or in the media in the last 20 years? Secondly, the group that is talented and contributes on a regular basis most of the time carries an ulterior motive. They use newspapers, magazines, books and opinion pages as mediums to advertise themselves and to seize public office or political appointment. Sometimes, they go after a seat in the Senate, the National Assembly or even in a provincial Assembly. In other instances, they want to serve as a state minister, WRITERS, P26

Prospects for Pakistan: Looking beyond 2014   By Cameron Munter, Former U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan

Former U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan Cameron Munter  will outline some of Pakistan’s current challenges and  place them in the context of recent U.S.‐Pakistani rela‐ �ons. His talk will include a discussion of new approach‐ es to Pakistan based on regional ini�a�ves, which might  enable it to confront and overcome long‐standing diffi‐ cul�es. Ambassador Munter will also table sugges�ons  for how the United States could play a different, and per‐ haps more effec�ve, role in the region.  Ambassador Cameron Munter was born in California in 1954. A graduate of Cornell University, he earned a doctoral degree in modern European history from Johns Hopkins University. He has studied at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland; the University of Freiburg, Germany; and, as the recipient of a German Academic Exchange Service stipend, at the University of Marburg in Germany. Ambassador Munter served as a U.S. Foreign Service Officer for nearly three decades before his retirement in 2012. He served as Ambassador to Pakistan from 2010 to 2012, guiding U.S.-Pakistani relations through a period of severe crisis, including the operation against Osama Bin Laden in Abbottabad. He previously served as Ambassador to Serbia (2007–2009). Ambassador Munter’s Foreign Service career included two terms in Iraq, where he led the first Provincial Reconstruction Team in Mosul in 2006 and served as Deputy Chief of Mission in Baghdad in 2010. Other overseas postings included Poland and the Czech Republic. In Washington, DC, Munter served as director for Central Europe at the National Security Council under Presidents Clinton and Bush, and chief of staff of the NATO Enlargement Ratification Office at the U.S. Department of State. Among his many honors, Ambassador Munter has been awarded the U.S. State Department’s Distinguished Service Award, the Gold Medal of the Polish Army, and the Masaryk Medal of the Czech Republic. Cost: Free and Open to the Public  Parking: Daily parking in Lot 3, $12  Pay by space parking available in Lot 3 North 

Saturday, April 05, 2014 3:00 PM-5:00 PM  2061E Broad Art Center

Co‐sponsor: UCLA Burkle Center for Interna�onal Rela�ons  Center for India and South Asia • 11387 Bunche Hall • Los Angeles, CA 90095‐1487  Campus Mail Code: 148703 • Tel: 310‐206‐2654 • Fax: 310‐206‐3555 • Email: cisa@interna�



n By Riaz Haq CA

The Pakistani establishment, as we saw in 1998 with the nuclear test, does not view assistance -- even sizable assistance to their own entities -- as a trade-off for national security vis-a-vis India”. - US Ambassador Anne Patterson, September 23, 2009

Pakistan has the world’s fastest growing nuclear arsenal today in the midst of a fierce insurgency waged against the Pakistani state by Al Qaeda and the Taliban. How should the world respond? Should the response be to further isolate and sanction Pakistan as argued by some Indian and Western scholars? Or, should the US and its Western allies engage with Pakistan by accepting it as a legitimate nuclear state and admitting it as a full member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group? The first response, as advocated by the likes of TV Paul, a scholar of Indian origin at McGill University, has clearly not worked nor is likely to work as explained well by former US Ambassador to Pakistan Anne W. Patterson. The alternative, as advocated in a new book “Overcoming Pakistan’s Nuclear Dangers” by former US diplomat Mark Fitzpatrick, is to recognize Pakistan’s legitimacy as a nuclear-armed state and work with it to limit the risks of nuclear proliferation in future. Ambassador Fitzpatrick began by exploring why the West has been so obsessed with stopping Iran’s nuclear program and not Pakistan’s. In the end, he came to the conclusion that Pakistan must be provided “a path to normalizing its nuclear program” in the same way that India was with the US-India nuclear deal. Here’s how he describes it on the website of the London-based Institute of International Strategic Studies (IISS): The book was inspired by fellow Londoner Gideon Rachman of the Financial Times, who asked in a June 2012 column why the West was so obsessed with stopping Iran getting nuclear weapons when, ‘by any sensible measure, Pakistani nukes are much more worrying’. I suppose I was one of those who seemed obsessed with Iran, so Rachman’s words hit home. Let’s take a look at Pakistan, I decided. Successive chapters of my book examine in detail the dangers Rachman ticked off, plus a few more. I concluded that some of the con-

n By Shahid Javed Burki

West Must Accept Pakistan as a Legitimate Nuclear Power

cerns about Pakistan are exaggerated. While the prospect for nuclear terrorism cannot be dismissed, the government’s efforts to ensure the security of its nuclear program garner too little attention, and compare favorably with India’s nuclear security management. In the ten

One cannot write about Pakistan’s nuclear program without examining the ways that it is motivated by India’s actions, and perceptions thereof. Therefore, the manuscript is about more than Pakistan. One key chapter assesses the South Asian arms race. Although it pales

If the West follows Fitzpatrick’s advice and admits Pakistan to the exclusive international nuclear club called “Nuclear Suppliers Group” (NSG), the US and Europe will have a better chance of persuading Pakistan to agree to signing Fissile Materials Cutoff Treaty (FMCT) and Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) when India also agrees to these international treaties years since the leakage of the nation’s nuclear secrets masterminded by A.Q. Khan, lessons have been learnt and reforms adopted. Other concerns get too little attention. As a nuclear wonk, I cannot help but fixate on Pakistan’s veto over negotiations to ban fissile material production and the nation’s move away from signing the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. The most worrisome danger, though, is the prospect for nuclear war in the subcontinent.

in comparison with the nuclear excesses of the Cold War, the strategic competition in South Asia is potentially destabilizing. In the conclusions, I offer a policy suggestion for the West that will be controversial. Pakistan, I argue, should be offered a path to normalizing its nuclear program. This recommendation did not sit well with one of the statesmen who, before reading it, had agreed to write a back-cover blurb commending my book. Having vehemently opposed making an

exception for India, allowing it to benefit from nuclear cooperation while outside the confines of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, he had to back out because he objected to the idea of creating a second such hole in the NPT for Pakistan. His is a respectable opinion. It had also been my view when I started the book project. If there is one tenet I have taken to heart at the IISS, however, it is that analysis should guide one’s research direction. I reached my conclusion with more surprise than enthusiasm. I am looking forward to explaining more about my analysis in upcoming book launches in Washington, London, Geneva, Vienna and Islamabad. In spite of the West’s nuclear sanctions, Pakistan has managed to develop and build nuclear weapons using both uranium and plutonium since the 1990s. The country also has built solid-fueled and liquid-fueled missiles of various ranges from tactical to strategic. It has built multiple reactors at Khushab to produce large amounts of plutonium for its growing nuclear arsenal. On the civilian nuclear side, Pakistan has acquired four 300 MW nuclear plants at Chashma. Two of these are currently operating and two are under construction. Three 1200 MW newer plants are being supplied by China for installation at Karachi as it ramps up its nuclear power plant manufacturing business. The West has essentially given away this civil nuclear business to China on a silver platter. The West’s decades-long nuclear sanctions on Pakistan have clearly not worked to stop the country. It’s time to try a different approach along the lines of what Fitzpatrick advocates. If the West follows Fitzpatrick’s advice and admits Pakistan to the exclusive international nuclear club called “Nuclear Suppliers Group” (NSG), the US and Europe will have a better chance of persuading Pakistan to agree to signing Fissile Materials Cutoff Treaty (FMCT) and Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) when India also agrees to these international treaties. These two treaties are the cornerstone of the West’s efforts to limit development, proliferation and growth of nuclear weapons stockpiles. In return, Pakistan will have access to the West’s advanced civil nuclear technology and materials which it needs to deal with the nation’s deepening energy crisis. It will be a winwin deal for both sides.

Pakistan Facing Two Quadrilaterals


or the last several decades, Pakistan has based its foreign economic relations on bilateral contacts. Both the fears and rewards were based on the policymaking equations involving two variables: Pakistan and another country. Thus Pakistan-India, Pakistan-China, Pakistan-Great Britain, PakistanSaudi Arabia, and to a lesser extent, Pakistan-Iran dominated Islamabad’s foreign affairs. This approach will need to be updated in view of the rapid developments taking place in the global economic and political orders. A number of changes have already brought into play new actors for Pakistan. In the reshaped — and reshaping — world, bilateralism may lose significance to ‘multi-nationalism’. I use the term multi-nationalism rather than multilateralism since the latter generally refers to institutions such as the United Nations and its component agencies, as well as institutions like the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and several regional development banks. The new Pakistani government, headed by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, is in the process of a developing a new foreign policy orientation. This is likely to move the country away from the concerns and fears that

guided it in the past towards an approach that places greater emphasis on economic rewards. The assumption is that while Pakistan makes this important transition, it will not be distracted by developments over which Islamabad has no control. That may not be a valid assumption on which to base the needed rethink on external affairs. The past process was ‘India centric’ in the sense that Pakistan tried, sometimes with desperation, to balance India’s growing military might. That approach proved costly. In a 2007 report I wrote for the United States Institute of Peace, I calculated the cost to Pakistan of the running dispute with India over Kashmir and other issues. I estimated that the Kashmir dispute alone had cost Pakistan 2.25 to 3.2 per cent a year of foregone growth in GDP. Compounded over a period of six decades, this suggests the magnitude of the colossal damage Pakistan has done to its economy by following this particular quarrel with India. This estimate used purely economic factors; it did not take into account the undeniable fact that some of the cost of this approach towards India contributed to the rise of extremism in the country. That, too, has resulted in serious economic losses. I will argue here that Islamabad should factor in multi-nationalism

into the making of public policy. It should look in particular at the development of two ‘quadrilateral’ arrangements right on its borders. Its focus is on maximizing economic returns for the country from external relationships. It should cultivate these in the context of the development of essentially informal multi-national groupings. That said, the pursuit of bilateralism as an approach in external affairs continued in the first few months of the new regime in Islamabad. Restoration of a balance of sorts with the United States received a lot of attention. It was motivated largely by the need to obtain immediate relief for the unsustainable pressure on external accounts. America could help — and it did — by releasing money from the Coalition Support Fund, the arrangement established for compensating Pakistan for the use of its road network for supplying the American and Nato troops operating in Afghanistan. Islamabad also pressed Washington to make available the financial resources promised under the KerryLugar Act for priority sectors and projects. This act was signed into law by the newly elected President Barack Obama in October 2009. It promised a continuous flow of American assistance into Pakistan at the annual rate of $1.5 billion over a period of five years, with the expectation that the

period of financial support could be extended beyond 2014. Saudi Arabia was approached — again with success — to provide $1.5 billion contribution to the resurrected Pakistan Development Fund. The Fund was established by the Asif Ali Zardari government in 2009 in the expectation that the West would support Pakistan as it finally began to move towards the creation of a democratic political order. China is working with Pakistan on a number of multi-billion infrastructure projects. These include several large dams on the Indus River, called the ‘Indus Cascade’ program by the World Bank. China will also provide financial support and technical advice for the development of what is described by Islamabad and Beijing as the ChinaPakistan Economic Corridor. Large amounts of Beijing’s input have been talked about. Prime Minister Sharif has reached out to New Delhi to put relations with India on economic grounds. There is no longer talk in Islamabad about India posing an existential threat to Pakistan. It is expected in Islamabad that once India elects a new Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian parliament, in May 2014 and installs a new government in New Delhi, the pace of improvement in relations may pick up. However, by focusing on bilateralism, policymakers in QUADRILATERALS, P29

2009 T20 World Cup Triumph n By Dawar Naqvi Yorba Linda, CA


akistan won the T20 World Cup in 2009. It was a great victory under the astute leadership of Younis Khan. I am surprised to see newspapers comparing Pakistan’s triumph in World Cup 92 with the current T20 successes. They seem to completely ignore Pakistan’s victory in the 2009 T20 World Cup.

This comparison is totally unwarranted and ridiculous. Once again, the media appears to be supporting the elite class. We must salute Younis Khan for his great leadership qualities. I humbly request all newspapers to recount and highlight our 2009 T20 World Cup Victory at this juncture.


P10 – PAKISTAN LINK – APRIL 4, 2014 n By Sarra Latif Ashoka Venture and Fellowship Associate Arlington, VA


ver 22% of the population in Pakistan is between the ages of 15 and 24 years, and yet youth represent a largely untapped resource for social and economic progress. According to Pakistani social innovator and Ashoka Fellow Ali Raza Khan, founder of Youth Engagement Services (YES) Network, the main barrier is a perception of Pakistan’s young people as a burden rather than an asset - a view that most youth internalize. This mindset discourages youth from engaging in community development, which is key for socioeconomic transformation. Ali Raza Khan believes that the majority of young people simply lack basic direction and need guidance on integrating social responsibility into their careers. His organization, YES Network, has successfully identified key strategies that effectively engage young people in social entrepreneurship.

Activate empathy for a key skill among the youth The education system in Pakistan tends to encourage students to focus entirely on personal achievement goals, oftentimes at the expense of their willingness to embrace the critical issues in their communities. Social change is meaningless and oftentimes difficult to accomplish if the population does not understand empathy. By fostering self-reflection and empathy, civic participation can be initiated as people become more receptive to the struggles that other members of their society face. Empathy allows us to effectively listen to people’s problems, make decisions predicated on their needs and interests, and mobilize others around the cause. Cultivate creative spaces for innovation A motivated individual also needs an inspired strategy to bring their vision into being. Innovation means that there is no right or wrong - they must be free to brainstorm and re-invent the idea until they discover the best way forward. A key trait of successful social entrepreneurs is the ability to dream big, think

n By Dr Haider Mehdi



rime Minister: This is a brief top-secret report for your eyes only on the state of affairs on the Pakistani streets, examining how common citizens are thinking, feeling and questioning the prevailing political discourse as well as viewing their own existence in the present-day socio-economic environment within political ground realities in the country.

But first of all, let me share an interesting metaphor and an intriguing thoughtful analogy with you. Someone the other day remarked, “Just going to a Church does not make one a Christian, any more than standing in a garage makes one a car.” I have adapted this analogy into a political metaphor as follows: Just saying Pakistan is a democracy does not make it democratic, any more than swimming in an Olympic-size swimming pool makes one an Olympic swimmer. The danger is drowning in the swimming pool if one does not learn to swim properly. The point here is that “democracy” is not just a voting ritual; it is the process of a revolution of “perceived possibilities” aimed at attaining and maximizing public welfare to its ultimate best. The public fear is that as long as the PMLN political managers are temperamentally stuck to the traditional socio-economic-political model, the possibility of a way forward does not seem to exist. Irving L Janis, world famous American academic and research psychologist (author of the book Victims of Groupthink) observed that national political leaderships, even in well-established Western democracies, tend to be alienated from major public sentiments and undercurrents at the pinnacle of their political leaderships when surrounded by compla-

How to Catalyze Youth Entrepreneurship for Positive Social Change in Pakistan

outside the box and propose an idea that is oftentimes unheard of in their context. In this process, local knowledge and optimism serve as great assets. Local ownership and regional relevance are two key aspects of successful social ventures, and both come easiest to an entrepreneur who has been raised and educated in the area they work. Emphasize holistic practical education for entrepreneurship Pakistan’s education system typically focuses on rote memorization without equipping students with the skills required to apply their learning in practical settings. A few educational institutions now realize the benefits of pairing traditional education with professional and personal development. These include enhancing communication skills, understanding how to mobilize resources, and the ability to leverage and market their technical expertise. For instance, under its service learning program, YES Network encourages students to apply classroom education through profes-

Ali Raza Khan (above) believes that the majority of young people simply lack basic direction and need guidance on integrating social responsibility into their careers

sional experiences. Through such initiatives, students graduate with the confidence, skills


For the PM’s Eyes Only!

cent second-tier subordinates who only feed information that supports the leader’s already perceived perspectives on nearly all important national issues. It is a survival game - these tactics keep the second-tier political managers within the ruling circle; however, this practice deprives the top leadership of getting diverse and vital information feedback on public issues, thus distancing the top leadership from current public sentiments. I am no authority to judge whether this kind of political manipulation and management is being conducted in the corridors of power dominated by the PMLN administration. One can only hope that political sense prevails in the interest of the nation and democratic norms, and the incumbent leadership can move forward to resolve this nation’s pressing and crisis-ridden problematics. Prime Minister: However, I am obliged to share with you that the news on the Pakistani streets is not good. The majority of Pakistanis, those who ride buses, buy “haleem” and “chanay” from street vendors, send their children to inadequately staffed and poor condition schools, bear the brunt of economic and social inequality, suffer the consequences of poor medical services, are deprived of power and gas, are faced with growing unemployment, skyrocketing costs of daily consumables and nonexistent law and order conditions as well as endless failures in the dispensation of justice in the legal system, and so on and so forth, are now asking vital questions on political management and making loud and clear judicious statements and judgments on the state of this country’s affairs. These men and women on the street, the majority of Pakistanis, complain that the rul-

ers of this country consider them like dispensable commodities. They believe that they are viewed as unaware, unperceptive, uneducated, lacking in political consciousness and inconsequential in the national decision-making process and, above all, unfit to understand and appreciate the intricacies and dynamics of political management and national priorities. They claim that they are conscientious and fully cognizant of what is going on but are simply the victims of this country’s traditional political culture that has timelessly subjected them to economic-social marginalization and political oppression. They are angry and about to explode. One of the most important questions being asked on every street corner of Pakistan these days is about the recent financial aid of the Saudi government. The Saudis have given such a massive amount of money on the personal guarantee of Pakistan’s Prime Minister, and common people are asking what exactly does that mean! Does it mean that the PM

and know-how to develop financially sustainable business plans and showcase the social value their creative entrepreneurial ideas add. Provide platforms for local startup The volatile political and economic climate of Pakistan serves as a major deterrent for young entrepreneurs. In order to expand the space for social ventures, local stakeholders and investors need to provide suitable platforms for incubating startups, attaining seed funding, networking with experienced entrepreneurs, and partnering with likeminded individuals to implement social ventures. YES Network’s recent initiative, ‘The Emerging Entrepreneur’ is one example, providing financial support to low-income youth to plan and execute business ideas. The underlying purpose was to help young people reduce their fear of starting a business venture by providing them a risk-free environment. Each of the 178 teams, comprising five members each, was given a sum of $23 to start off with. In a period of just one month, they generated US $1170 in profits and over 9500 people benefitted from the ventures. Pakistan also has a growing number of startup incubators and accelerators, such as P@sha and Plan9, across the country that can provide a launch pad for young innovators looking for support and guidance. The past decade has witnessed an increasing trend towards social entrepreneurship, with the youth at its core. YES Network, which has been catalyzing social entrepreneurship among young people, has encouraged 20,000 students to create their own ventures, and introduced social entrepreneurship to over 60,000 people in Pakistan. Their success not only reflects the immense potential for social entrepreneurship in Pakistan, but also demonstrates a positive change in how the country’s youth are valued. (Ashoka: Innovators for the Public is a global organization shaping the way for a world where everyone is a changemaker. Ashoka supports the world’s largest cohort of men and women with system changing solutions for the world’s most urgent problems. This post was written by Sarra Latif, Fall 2013 Associate with the Ashoka Venture and Fellowship Team.) will return the money to the Saudis, if they demand it back, from his personal account? Or does it mean that the Prime Minister has assured the Saudis a repayment check from the national exchequer should they demand the money to be returned? Or has the PM negotiated a payback in some sort of civilian or military service deal requested by the Saudis at the time of their choosing? Or, is it an unconditional grant without any time bar? If it is, so what has motivated the Saudis into such a massive act of generosity? Another related question being asked by Pakistanis is about the sudden and unexpected visit of the Bahraini Emir at this particular time (it is important to note the Bahraini monarch has not visited Pakistan in the last 40 years). The Pakistani Prime Minister is the only one who can answer these public queries, for he is the only one who has absolute and accurate knowledge of recent Saudi-Pak and BahrainiPak discussions or negotiations. Whatever the merits or demerits of these negotiations, the Prime Minister would be well-advised to share this information with the Pakistani public with complete candor, diplomatic honesty and within the acceptable levels of this nation’s self-interests. Indeed, this would calm public nerves. However, the PMLN leadership should be prepared to reframe and redefine the course of Pak-Saudi and Pak-Bahraini diplomacy, if needed. Here I offer my personal view on these issues which might help the PMLN foreign policy establishment and perception management experts in defusing the public uproar over this matter. Both the Pakistani incumbent government and the public in this country must understand that the recent Saudi and Bahraini perception of a threat to their countries’ stability is not without due merits and adequate political reasons. We must understand that this “existential threat” does not emanate from Iran, but from the West-led “New World EYES, P26



Musharraf Indicted, Pleads Not Guilty to All Charges

Govt. Can Grant Permission to Travel Abroad: Court

Islamabad: The special court consti-

tuted to try former President Pervez Musharraf for high treason indicted him on Monday and put the ball in the government’s court in relation to the request put forward by the General to be allowed to travel abroad, DawnNews reported. The registrar of the special court read out the court’s decision on the request of the former military dictator to travel abroad in order to meet his ailing mother. The court also granted Musharraf exemption from appearing in the case’s hearings saying the accused could be ordered to appear in court whenever required. The decision said that as long as the accused was not in custody, he could seek medical treatment at any place of his choice, adding that an accused could not be restrained from travelling nor could his/her rights as a human being be curtailed for any reason. However, the court added that removal of Musharraf ’s name from ECL was not the prerogative of the special court as it had not ordered the inclusion of his name in the list in the first place. The hearing of the case was adjourned to April 15. Earlier during the day, the threejudge court headed by Justice Faisal Arab of the Sindh High Court read out the indictment against the ex-army strongman with Musharraf pleading “not guilty” to each of them. Musharraf, who has been absent from most of the tribunal’s hearings owing to security threats and ill health, then turned to address the court. “I honor this court and prosecution, I strongly believe in law I don’t have ego problems, and I have appeared in court 16 times in this year in Karachi, Islamabad and Rawalpindi,” the 70-year-old, who ruled from 1999 to 2008, said. “I am being called a traitor, I have been chief of army staff for nine years and I have served this army for 45 years. I have fought two wars and it is ‘treason’?” The indictment [see full version below] cited imposition of Nov 3, 2007 emergency as one of the charges against Musharraf which led to the violation of Article 6 of the Constitution. It also included the deposition of superior court judges and the suspension of fundamental rights among the list of charges. The charge sheet, which Musharraf signed Monday, also referred to his oath-taking under the Provisional Constitution Order (PCO). The former military ruler has pleaded not guilty, saying he would stand his ground. Musharraf ’s movements, arrest order: The indictment took place after Musharraf ’s arrival at the special court from the Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology (AFIC), where he had been residing for nearly three months. Also today, Farogh Naseem, who is now representing Musharraf, requested the court to allow his client to travel to Dubai to see his ailing mother. He said the Constitution did not allow anyone to restrict the movements of a citizen. Naseem said Musharraf had arrived in court voluntarily, adding that the warrant against his client had not been implemented. Naseem moreover said that his client himself was unwell and that Musharraf ’s proper treatment was only possible in the United States.

For nearly three months, Musharraf has been in the AFIC where he was taken after developing a cardiac condition. Musharraf had to rush to the AFIC on Jan 2 after he suffered chest pain while he was on his way to the special court. Initially, he was kept in the ICU but was later shifted to a room. Late on Saturday, Musharraf was again moved to the AFIC’s ICU after his condition deteriorated due to stress upon receiving the news of his mother’s illness who is currently hospitalized in Sharjah and is suffering from respiratory complications. Also earlier, a non-bailable arrest warrant was issued against Musharraf in case he failed to appear before the court today. Security arrangements: For his appearance in the special court Monday, three different routes were established by the capital police before Musharraf ’s departure from AFIC. A police squad and commandos had reached AFIC early in the morning to escort Musharraf to the court’s premises. For the former president’s security, three thousand police and Rangers personnel were deployed on the routes. The police squad was headed by Superintendent Police Islamabad Mustanser Feroz and strict security measures were also in place outside AFIC. Full charge sheet: Firstly, on 3rd November, 2007 at Rawalpindi as Chief of the Army Staff, he issued an unconstitutional and unlawful “Proclamation of Emergency Order, 2007” which, unconstitutionally and unlawfully, held the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973 in abeyance and he thereby subverted the Constitution and thus committed the offence of high treason punishable under section 2 of the High Treason (Punishment) Act, 1973 (Act LXVIII of 1973), which is within the jurisdiction of the Special Court established under section 4 of The Criminal Law Amendment. (Special Courts) Act, 1976 (XVII of 1976). Secondly, on 3rd November, 2007 at Rawalpindi as Chief of the Army Staff, he issued an unconstitutional and unlawful “Provisional Constitution Order No.1 of 2007” which, unconstitutionally and unlawfully, empowered the President to amend the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973 from time to time and he also suspended the Fundamental Rights enshrined in Articles 9, 10, 15, 16, 17, 19 and 25 of the Constitution and he thereby subverted the Constitution and thus committed the offence of high treason punishable under section 2 of the High Treason

(Punishment) Act, 1973 (Act LXVIII of 1973), which is within the jurisdiction of the Special Court established under section 4 of The Criminal Law Amendment (Special Courts) Act, 1976 (XVII of 1976). Thirdly, on 3rd November, 2007 at Rawalpindi as President of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, he issued an unconstitutional and unlawful “Oath of Office (Judges) Order, 2007” whereby an oath was, unconstitutionally and unlawfully, introduced in the Schedule which required a judge to abide by the provisions of the Proclamation of Emergency dated 03.11.2007 and the Provisional Constitutional Order dated 03.11.2007 to perform acts and functions in accordance thereof and this order also resulted in removal of numerous judges of the superior courts including the Honorable Chief Justice of Pakistan and he thereby subverted the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973 and thus committed the offence of high treason punishable under section 2 of the High Treason (Punishment) Act, 1973 (Act LXVIII of 1973), which is within the jurisdiction of the Special Court established under section 4 of The Criminal Law Amendment (Special Courts) Act, 1976 (XVII of 1976). Fourthly, 20th November, 2007 at Rawalpindi as President of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, he issued an unconstitutional and unlawful Order 5 of 2007 “Constitution (Amendment) Order, 2007” whereby Articles 175, 186-A, 198, 218, 270B and 270C were, unconstitutionally and unlawfully, amended and Article 270AAA was added to the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973 and he thereby subverted the Constitution and thus committed the offence of high treason punishable under section 2 of the High Treason (Punishment) Act, 1973 (Act LXVIII of 1973), which is within the jurisdiction of the Special Court established under section 4 of The Criminal Law Amendment (Special Courts) Act, 1976 (XVII of 1976). Fifthly, on 14th December, 2007 at Rawalpindi as President of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, he issued an unconstitutional and unlawful Order 6 of 2007 “Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 2007” whereby the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973 was, unconstitutionally and unlawfully, amended and he thereby subverted the Constitution and thus committed the offence of high treason punishable under section 2 of the High Treason (Punishment) Act, 1973 (Act LXVIII of 1973), which is within the jurisdiction of the Special Court established under section 4 of The Criminal Law Amendment (Special Courts) Act, 1976 (XVII of 1976).

Islamabad: The special court on

Monday dismissed an application seeking permission for former president Pervez Musharraf to travel abroad on the ground that it was not its mandate to allow or disallow the General from travelling. Filed by Pervez Musharraf ’s newly-appointed lawyer Dr Farogh Nasim on Monday morning, the application had stated that the former president needed to travel abroad to visit his ailing mother as well as to get medical treatment himself. It sought the removal of his name from the country’s Exit Control List (ECL). Interestingly, the court dismissed the pleas saying that that it was for the government to remove Musharraf ’s name from the ECL and stressed that there was no bar

by the special court on Musharraf ’s movement. The order also went a step further and exempted Musharraf from further appearance before the court after Monday morning’s indictment. The move seems to have thrown the ball in the government’s court despite the fact that government officials had been saying since the beginning of the trial that Musharraf ’s travel requests were for the courts to decide. Musharraf ’s lawyer Farogh Nasim on Monday evening clarified that contrary to media reports, he had not moved two applications while urging the government to remove Musharraf ’s name from the exit control list since he was only nominated in a civil or criminal case.

Sirajul Haq Elected as New Jamaat-i-Islami Chief Lahore: For the first time in the history of Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan a sitting Ameer (chief) failed to clinch a second term in office despite being in the race. Syed Munawar Hasan will be succeeded by Sirajul Haq after JI’s electoral college picked him on Sunday to head the party for the next five years. In all, there were three nominees: Syed Munawar Hasan, Sirajul Haq and Liaquat Baloch. Sirajul Haq polled the maximum number of votes and was declared the winner. The electoral college for the Ameer’s election comprises 31,301 Arakeen (members) of the party. Of them, ballot papers were issued to 30,759. The election committee received 25,533 filled-out ballots on Sunday. Thus the overall voter turnout was 85%. The result was announced by the election committee head, Abdul Hafeez Ahmed, at a crowded press conference at the JI headquarters in Mansoora. He said the election was conducted through secret ballot according to the procedure. “The fiveyear term of Syed Munawar Hasan will end in April,” he said. According to the JI election manifesto, the Markazi Majlas-eShoora nominates three candidates for the slot of Ameer although the Arakeen can also vote for other than the three nominees. Traditionally, the Shoora members nominate three candidates and then ballot papers are sent out to the Arakeen across the country. The Arakeen vote for

candidates of their choice and return the ballots to the Shoora. The candidate clinching the maximum number of votes is declared winner. Sirajul Haq, 51, will be the fifth Ameer of Jamaat-e-Islami. The incumbent Ameer, Syed Munawar Hasan, was elected in 2009 and his term will end in April, this year. Political observers see Sirajul Haq’s election as a ‘major shift’ in the party’s 73-year-old electoral tradition. “This is, no doubt, a significant shift in the JI. Never in the past had the Arakeen elected another nominee if the sitting Ameer was also in the race,” analyst Sajjad Mir told The Express Tribune. He attributed this change to “the significant change in the mindset” of the party as multiple external factors now influence its Arakeen. SIRAJULHAQ, P29



Pakistan to Get Leftover Afghan Donors Pledge $1Bn to Pakistan Prices of Lifesaving Drugs Go up War Equipment: Defense Secretary for Education: Brown Islamabad: Despite instructions from

Brown said the goal is to provide education to more than 55 million people over ten years old who are illiterate in Pakistan

Islamabad: Former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown on Saturday said that international donors have pledged to provide Pakistan with about a billion dollars over the next three years to help it provide education to millions of out-of-school children. Now a United Nations special envoy on global education, Brown said in Islamabad that the global community will partner with Pakistan in financing the biggest education expansion in the country’s history. Pakistan recently doubled its education budget, from two to four per cent of its gross domestic product. Brown said the goal is to provide education to more than 55 million people over ten years old who are illiterate in Pakistan. “The money has been pledged by number of international organizations and friendly countries,” he said while speaking at a press conference after addressing the Youth Forum here at the Convention Center. He said the international community wanted to ensure there were no child marriages and labor and cases of discrimination on basis on gender. Brown said he met with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, Finance Minister Ishaq Dar and education ministers of all provinces to discuss promotion of education in the country and they all were determined for the cause. “We must develop concerted measurers to send girls and boys to schools. We hope to develop new proposals to speed up efforts to offer education to every child,” he added. The former British premier said that there was a great change in last two years and now people have began to recognize that the future of Pakistan’s economy depends on education and there was great determination on the part of girls themselves that their right of education should be upheld. “This is movement of change, this is civil rights struggle for change, liberation movement and girls particularly are demanding their right for education.” He said Pakistan has been behind the rest of the world for many years because so many children are out of schools, adding that the country could become a beacon by making rapid progress in next two years. Earlier, speaking at the Youth Forum, he said that the world would provide full assistance to get into a partnership with Pakistan to deliver education to all. “The world stands with you as you invest in education for the future, it is good for your economy, it is good for your society because you are educating girls,” he said. The Youth Forum was also ad-

dressed by Minister of State for Education Balighur Rehman, Governor Punjab Chaudhry Mohammad Sarwar and others. In response to a question about Malala Yousafzai, Gordon Brown told the youth that they should really be proud to have such a courageous girl like her. He said Global Partnership for Education had committed $100 million, the USAID $140 million and the European community $100 million, besides support from Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, United Nations and other countries.

Drone Use Must Comply with Law, Says UN Panel Geneva: The United Nations called on

all states on Friday to ensure that the use of armed drones complies with international law. A resolution presented by Pakistan on behalf of co-sponsors, including Yemen and Switzerland, did not single out any state. “The purpose of this resolution is not to shame or name anyone, as we are against this approach,” Pakistan’s ambassador Zamir Akram told the UN Human Rights Council. “It is about supporting a principle.” The United States prizes drones for their accuracy against Al Qaeda and Taliban militants. Pakistan says they kill civilians and infringe its sovereignty. “The United States is committed to ensuring that our actions, including those involving remotely piloted aircraft, are undertaken in accordance with all applicable domestic and international law and with the greatest possible transparency, consistent with our national security needs,” Paula Schriefer, US deputy assistant secretary of state, told the meeting. The resolution was adopted by a vote of 27 states in favor to six against, with 14 abstentions at the 47-member Geneva forum. The United States, Britain and France voted against. The Council “urges all states to ensure that any measures employed to counter terrorism, including the use of remotely piloted aircraft or armed drones, comply with their obligations under international particular the principles of precaution, distinction and proportionality”. The text voiced concern at civilian casualties resulting from the use of remotely-piloted aircraft or armed drones, as highlighted by the UN special investigator on counter-terrorism Ben Emmerson in a recent report.

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, pharmaceutical companies in the country have increased the prices of 179 life-saving drugs on their own. The average increase in the prices is around 30 per cent but there are drugs whose prices have gone up manifold. On the other hand, the Drug Regulatory Authority of Pakistan (DRAP) has claimed that the prices of only those medicines had been increased whose manufacturers had obtained a stay order from Sindh High Court against the withdrawal of a notification to increase the prices in November. On November 28, 2013, DRAP issued a notification increasing the prices of medicines (except life-saving drugs) by 15 per cent. The very next day, however, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif took notice of the matter and on his direction DRAP withdrew the notification on November 29. However, 16 companies approached the Sindh High Court and obtained a stay order against the withdrawal of the notification. An officer of the Ministry of National Health Services requesting not to be identified told Dawn that the companies had increased the prices manifold. However, he informed, DRAP failed to ensure the sale of medicines on the officially-fixed rates. “Although according to the Ministry the prices were not increased since 2001 (except for a few cases in which permission was granted by the government), the fact is that the prices have gone up by 30 per cent in the last five months,” he said. “As per a market survey, the price of a packet of Memomax 1.5mg capsule has been increased from Rs142 to Rs2205; serenace ampoule 5mg/ml, which was available for Rs23, is now selling at Rs191,” he said. Similarly, the price of Omixim 200mg/5ml suspension has been increased from Rs145 to Rs242, Vapto 10mg tablet (packet) from Rs128 to Rs200, Zeemox 1gm from Rs120 to Rs174, and Amoxil capsule 250mg from Rs310 to Rs356, he said. On Friday, the Young Pharmacists Association (YPA) also sent a letter to the prime minister stating that according to their market survey the total impact of the increase in the prices of registered allopathic medicines was around 30 per cent. The letter added that the Ministry of National Health Services had claimed that there was no price increase. It is also noted that no case of price increase was made after November 27, 2013, when the notification was released by DRAP. “DRAP and the Ministry of National Health Services only deceived the court, the prime minister and the poor patients by announcing the withdrawal of the price increase. Till to date, rules for DRAP have not been formulated. The price increase notification could not be issued without rules,” added the letter. Secretary coordination YPA Dr Nabeela Latif said a list of medicines with their old and new prices had also been sent to the prime minister. She wondered how DRAP was unaware of the the price increase. “DRAP cannot give retrospective price increase of 1.5 per cent annually from 2002 to 2013. This is against the settled principles of law and superior court rulings. Moreover, medicine prices are already very high in Pakistan as compared to India, China and Bangladesh,” she said.

Islamabad: Secretary Defense Asif

Yasin Malik on Monday said Pakistan would be receiving the United States’ leftover military hardware after the completion of withdrawal of its forces from Afghanistan later this year. Malik said allied forces had not spoken of handing over equipment to Afghanistan, adding that Pakistan would be receiving the military hardware. He further said that only after going through the equipment would Pakistan decide what it wants to keep from the remaining supplies. A statement issued by the US embassy on Monday said military equipment that has been determined to be excess can be made available through the worldwide excess defense articles (EDA) program, which is open to all eligible countries, including Afghanistan and Pakistan. This equipment will not be brought back with US forces from Afghanistan as they redeploy elsewhere, it added. The embassy further stated that the US assists Pakistan “through many security cooperation programs to build partnership capacity and Pakistan has requested a variety of Excess Defense Articles (EDA)”. “The US is currently reviewing Pakistan’s request for EDA. If approved, this EDA is likely to be sourced from US stock outside Afghanistan,” the statement said. The Department of Defense manages the process for identifying recipients for excess defense articles with State Department approval. “The decisions of who receives EDA are made on a case-by-case basis taking into consideration a range of factors including the need of potential recipients, regional security dynamics, how the recipient nations intend to use the equipment and the ability of an EDA recipient to sustain the equipment. Final determinations of EDA are still being made,” the statement said. Earlier, a statement issued by the US-led International Security Assistance Force (Isaf) had said the “United States Forces-Afghanistan does not provide or intend to provide any such equipment, including MRAPs (mine-resistant ambush-protected vehicles), from Afghanistan to Pakistan”. Isaf commander Gen Joseph Dunford had stated: “Our commitment to the Afghan people and the Afghan National Security Forces is unwavering.” The statement had followed uproar in Afghanistan over reports that the US had planned to transfer some of its excess equipment to Pakistan. Reports about the transfer of

equipment had hit headlines after a testimony by Gen Dunford before the US Senate Armed Service Committee in which he had said that the US was planning to give 1,200 MRAP vehicles to Pakistan, Afghanistan and other allies. There are around 1,600 such vehicles in Afghanistan. “We’re in the process right now of seeing if there are any of our allies that can use those vehicles…I’ve put a stop on any destruction of any vehicles except those that are battledamaged,” Gen Dunford had told the panel.

Taliban Hint at Releasing ‘High-Profile’ Captives

Bannu: A Jamaat-i-Islami leader

and member of the TTP’s negotiating committee, Prof Mohammad Ibrahim, said on Sunday that the Taliban had expressed willingness to release some high-profile people as a goodwill gesture. Talking to reporters after a training session for JI workers here on Sunday, Prof Ibrahim did not rule out the release of Ali Musa Gilani, Shahbaz Taseer and Dr Prof Ajmal Khan, the former vice chancellor of Islamia College University, Peshawar. He criticized the PPP, Muttahida Qaumi Movement and Awami National Party for their stance on the ongoing talks between the government and the banned Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan and claimed that these parties did not want the process to succeed to pave the way for a military operation in North Waziristan. He said these parties advocated use of force to solve problems in tribal areas, though such actions had always proved to be an exercise in futility in the past. He said that “patriotic parties” would not allow anyone to sabotage the talks and added that the process would reach its logical conclusion. He hoped that negotiations would help restore peace and ultimately put the country on the path to progress. He said both the government and the Taliban shura wanted the talks to continue. Prof Ibrahim claimed that many among those accusing the Taliban of not accepting the Constitution had themselves violated it time and again.



Tharparkar Tragedy: Extending beyond Human Lives

With the desert getting hotter and rainfall unlikely to improve, stress on resources (water and grazing ground) due to increased human and animal population will exacerbate

n By Zofeen T. Ebrahim


s death and disease continue to stalk the people of Tharparkar, one thing has become increasingly clear – that unless the indigenous people make lifestyle adjustments in the face of climate change, the delicate balance of desert life will be lost forever.

With the desert getting hotter and rainfall unlikely to improve, stress on resources (water and grazing ground) due to increased human and animal population will exacerbate. Signs of the changing weather pattern have already begun to show. Take Ramjee, for instance. Till a few months back, he was one of the more prosperous herdsmen of his village of Prah, in Diplo, one of the six talukas (others being Mithi, Islamkot, Dihly, Nagarparkar and Chahchro) of the Tharparkar district. He had as many as 80 to 90 sheep, but save for a dozen or so, all died of sheep pox last month. “When I saw the signs of sickness, I got all my sheep vaccinated,” he said. But it was too late; the disease had taken its toll. According to the official 2006 livestock census, Tharparkar had 4.6 million big and small animals. But Dr Jhaman Doongrani, research officer at the Central Veterinary Diagnostic Sub-center in Mithi, states the figure today could have reached an estimated six million. For such a large animal population, according to Doongrani, there

should be a veterinary hospital in each of the six talukas; a veterinary dispensary each in the 63 union councils, a vaccinator each in the 250 dehs. Instead, what we have is just 18 dispensaries of which only 11 are working and two vaccinators in the entire Tharparkar district. The vaccination costs Rs 1 and Rs 2 for every small and big animal (although since the onset of drought, the government is vaccinating all animals for free). “Usually a vaccination schedule is announced through radio and repeated,” said Musawir Ahmed of Radio Pakistan, but Doongrani conceded the awareness is still very low and fewer people get their livestock inoculated. Ramjee said he never did. Often these radio announcements fail to reach the very remote villages. In Ramjee’s villages they are unable to catch the radio signal. “While it’s become easier to spread the word through cell phones, the proper way would be for the mobile vaccinators to go door-to-door and raise awareness about vaccination for disease prevention, as well as vaccinating the animals,” said Doongrani, adding, “What’s the point of getting their animals vaccinated when they are already sick? “People need to be made aware that it is prudent to keep fewer but healthier livestock than sick and weak. They need to be told when to vaccinate their animals and how,” said Bharumal Amrani, a native of Tharparkar, who works with the Society for Protection and Conservation of Environment

(SCOPE), a non-governmental organization. Amrani has seen unprecedented damage of the desert and how gowchers (community grazing lands), which were earlier protected by the community have been degraded and encroached upon for agricultural use. “While livestock production has multiplied, there is less forage for the animals now,” he said. SCOPE has been working in Tharparkar on dryland management issues including combating desertification, since 2003. In addition, said Amrani, increased use of fuel has resulted in chopping up of valuable trees like Rohrio and Kaandi by the locals. “These trees were never used for firewood, only in the construction of houses, that too sparingly,” he said adding: “During famine, one Kaandi tree can feed four goats.” He lamented the loss of the old order and how traditional wisdom has not been passed on. “I remember the strict social system that was observed for protection of the environment. If people cut trees unnecessarily, a panchayat would be held and a social boycott would be observed, but nobody cares now.” But along with training in livestock management, experts believe local communities will have to adopt innovative and improved agriculture practices and water conservation techniques. In the long run, they warn, they may have to seek alternatives to agriculture for their livelihood. Soon Ramjee and several male members of his village (comprising between 40 to 45 households) all from the Bheel community, will begin their annual trek towards the barrage areas. This migration coincides with the wheat harvesting season there. The Barrage area is that part of Sindh where farming is carried out by the irrigation system. However, the nomadic tribes also migrate when the harvesting of rice begins. If not as farmhands, they are sure to find work as daily wage earners, at roadside restaurants, or as laborers in factories, etc. “They will now return when rainy season begins in June or July,” said Amrani. Over time, due to increased scarcity of food and fodder entire families have left with their livestock, but they always return. - Dawn

UN Blames Health, Nutrition Issues for Tharparkar Deaths Islamabad: The main cause of re-

cent deaths in Tharparkar district is a surge in morbidity and mortality rates among children and adults rather than drought in the area, according to UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator Timo Pakkala. In a statement on Friday, Mr Pakkala termed the nutrition crisis in Pakistan ‘a silent emergency’ and called for urgent attention and investment. “The situation is bound to recur, unless root causes are addressed,” he warned. Quoting summary of the 2013 Nutrition Information System data, he said that 21 per cent of the children were acutely malnourished in areas adjacent to Tharparkar, mainly Umerkot and Sanghar. He said that reports in early March highlighted a rising number of malnutrition-related clinical admissions and child mortality in the Thar-

parkar district. The 2011 National Nutrition Survey states that 44 per cent of underfive children in Pakistan are stunted, 32 per cent underweight and 15 per cent suffer from acute malnutrition. He urged the Sindh government to improve the funding for nutrition programs in Tharparkar and other districts from its development budget. On their part, the UNICEF, WFP, WHO and FAO and their partners were seeking $11.67 million from donor countries to scale up nutrition and other support initiatives for over 1.3m people for a year in Tharparkar and surrounding districts, he said. The UN humanitarian coordinator said that more funds were urgently required to scale up support for nutrition interventions, including sustainable development solutions, to tackle the crisis in the drought-affected Tharparkar region.

Mr Pakkala said: “Resilience is what we are after here. Crisis and disasters are naturally unpredictable. Creating silent communities is what bridges relief and development efforts, and this requires investment.” The United Nations and its partners have been providing nutritional support in Sindh since 2010, assisting 1.7m children and 800,000 pregnant and lactating women through malnutrition management, nutrient supplementation, and health and nutrition counseling. The UN’s scaling up plan would help establish 44 community-based malnutrition treatment sites, provide emergency health services, build and rehabilitate water harvesting structures, establish health and nutrition surveillance systems and provide livelihood support, concentrated animal feed and vaccination of small ruminants.

Opposition Cries Foul at Blasphemy Sentence

Islamabad: Two main opposition parties in the National Assembly protested on Friday against a death sentence passed on Thursday by a Lahore court against a Christian man before the uproar was cut short by the deputy speaker belonging to the ruling party. Shirin Mazari of the Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) and then Shazia Marri of the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) complained of persecution of minority communities in the country, particularly on trumped up blasphemy charges as had happened in Lahore a year ago when more than 3,000 people rampaged through a Christian colony and burned some 100 homes after a Christian was accused of committing blasphemy during a conversation. After lawmakers of the two parties seemed unconvinced by a statement by the ruling Pakistan Muslim League-N’s young member Hamza Shahbaz Sharif, son of Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif, about the concern showed by the provincial administration over the March 7, 2013 incident and help given to the sufferers of the Joseph Colony neighborhood, Deputy Speaker Murtaza Javed Abbasi disallowed any more discussion on the Lahore court verdict before adjourning the house. The convict, Sawan Masih, who heard the sentence of death and a fine of Rs200,000 inside a jail, has claimed innocence and cited a property dispute with his friend as the real reason for the blasphemy allegation. Ms Mazari called it a travesty of justice that people who burned the colony in Lahore were released on bail while one man tried for a disputed charge had been sentence to death as she also spoke of persecution of minorities in general such as kidnapping of members of Hindu community in Sindh and blasphemy charges brought against Christians mostly in Punjab. She kept on agitating the issue even after the deputy speaker tried to restrain her, disputing his choice of words in calling the case sub judice even after an additional district and sessions judge, Chaudhry Ghulam Mustaf, delivered his verdict on Thursday and while an appeal to a higher court was yet to be made. “We are disappointed, we are disturbed,” yelled Ms Marri, before she saw her mike switched off, and then restored briefly, before the chair gave the floor to Mr Hamza Sharif to recall his father’s orders after the incident to rebuild the destroyed Christian homes “within one night” and compensate the sufferers even for losses of jewelry made for weddings, and to assure the house that those responsible for the attack would be

brought to justice. But members of the PPP and PTI seemed unsatisfied and several of them stood up in their seats apparently preparing for a protest walkout while the floor was given to a Jamaati-Islami member, Sher Akbar Khan, the chair cited little time left for the Friday prayers to immediately adjourn the house for a two-day weekend until 4pm on Monday.

Nationwide Protests at Attack on Razi Rumi of Express News Karachi: Pro-

tests were staged nationwide to condemn the attack on analyst and Express News show “Khabar Se Agay” anchor Raza Rumi on Saturday, Express News reported. This was the fifth attack on the Express Media Group. Unidentified gunmen had opened fire on Rumi’s car in Lahore on March 28, injuring him and killing his driver. The attack had taken place just a few hundred yards away from the Express News office in Raja Market. Members of the Pakistan Federal Union of Journalist (PFUJ) and Punjab Union of Journalists staged a protest in front of the Punjab Assembly on Mall Road and chanted slogans condemning the attack on Raza Rumi. On the advice of PFUJ, demonstrations were held at Sukkur Press Club. Black flags were waved at the Wara Press Club and journalists staged a protest rally starting from the press club and extending to Fazil Rahu Chowk. Journalists demonstrated in other parts of interior Sindh as well, including Larkana, Jacobabad, Faiz Ganj, Thal and Daharki. Journalists from the electronic media protested inside the Gujranwala Press Club, while others staged a rally from the press club to the DPO office. Similar protests were staged in Faisalabad and Quetta where journalists among other people collectively gathered on the streets and condemned the attack on the Express News anchor. Earlier on Saturday, British High Commissioner to Pakistan Philip Barton lamented the attack and said: “We condemn this attack on freedom of expression and send our support to Mr Rumi and to all journalists across the country, who continue to do a very important job in very difficult circumstances.”

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A Day of Surprises at the Special Court n By Azam Khan

High Commissioner to UK

Responsible for Attacks

Decides to Retire

Kabul: In a phone call with US Secre-

Islamabad: Soon after 8:00am,

security officials fanned out far and wide. Every motorist and every pedestrian entering the red zone was thoroughly checked. There were more law enforcers in number than ever before. And something was noticeably different about this morning. Considering the times that Pervez Musharraf had skipped the court hearing, it was anyone’s guess whether the ex-military ruler would finally make an appearance before the court on Monday. The media somewhat preempted his appearance, some dispersing to take a better shot of the former dictator’s cavalcade – or him. At 9:30am, Musharraf ’s ‘never-ending’ security entourage zoomed into court. The courtroom teemed with people, most of them security officials. And as soon as the former president – dressed in a beige shalwar-kameez with a dark blazer – set foot into the courtroom, there was deafening silence. Lawyers fidgeted, journalists became restless with excitement. They wanted to break the news that the general had finally arrived, but were not allowed to exit once the former dictator was seated. Security officials did not allow anyone to sit near Musharraf in the courtroom. “You cannot sit here,” one security official in plainclothes snapped at me, even though he knew I was a reporter. I traversed around the seats and finally sat to hear his indictment. Farogh Naseem, Musharraf ’s newly appointed lawyer who is also an MQM senator, entered the courtroom, briefcase in hand, and submitted his lawyer’s licence to represent the former president in the treason case. This came as the second surprise of the day. “Now I’m representing Musharraf and there will be no rowdy behaviour in the courtroom anymore,” Naseem stated. Justice Faisal Arab, who heads the bench, appreciated Naseem’s respect for the courtroom, mentioning the behaviour of Musharraf ’s previous defence counsels. State prosecutor Akram

Karzai Holds Pakistan

Convoy of former president Pervez Musharraf returns after a hearing at the Special Court on Monday

Sheikh also appreciated Naseem for bringing discipline back to the court. “You have a charming personality and are very professional,” Sheikh said to him. And so the indictment began. There was not a speck of nervousness on Musharraf ’s face, in his stride or demeanour. It seemed as if he was giving a lecture, not facing trial. And with the same eloquence, he began his 24-minute address after the charges were formally read to him. “This is my second court appearance. I came against the advice of my doctors,” he began. Holding the notes of his speech in his right hand and a page of his charge sheet in other hand, he replied to the charges, “How can I be declared a traitor? I fought two wars and was awarded for gallantry during the 1965 war,” Musharraf stated. Traitors are those who create hindrances in the country’s socioeconomic development and those who loot the national exchequer. Addressing Justice Tahira, a special bench member, he said, “Ma’am, you are from Quetta and you can better understand how I launched record-level development work in Balochistan.” But after his articulate and confident address, Musharraf returned to his seat, alone, with no one present to acknowledge him

– as his previous defence team had boycotted the legal proceedings. The general couldn’t resist. He asked a female lawyer – while the court was still in session – how his address was. “It was wonderful, sir,” she replied, probably giving some reinforcement to the former president. It was surprising to see the dauntless general needing re-assurance. The court retired at 11am, but soon after, in a rare show of amity, the prosecutor had a brief chat with Musharraf and he assured the former president that despite the allegations made by his previous legal team, he was not biased. “Rashid Quraishi was my classmate, didn’t he tell you?” he asked. “Oh, that’s why you’re in the opposition?” quipped Musharraf. “No, no, I’m not against you, sir,” the prosecutor replied.

tary of State John Kerry, Hamid Karzai accused Pakistan of being behind a recent series of attacks and of blocking his government from striking a peace deal with the Taliban, the Afghan president’s office said Sunday. Karzai routinely makes such accusations against Islamabad, but his tone in recent days has been particularly pointed and direct. They come after run of three attacks in five days in the capital Kabul, the latest a Saturday machine-gun and rocket-propelled grenade barrage of the country’s electoral commission ahead of general elections set for next week. Karzai told Kerry on Saturday the attacks were complex in nature and stage-managed by ‘’foreign intelligence agencies,’’ a reference to Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence. He also told Kerry that he did not accept US arguments that it had no influence ‘’over countries that support terrorism,’’ and said US refusal to go after the Pakistani intelligence agency could further hurt US relations with Afghanistan. The Taliban have claimed responsibility for the recent violence in Kabul. Very few analysts accept Karzai’s allegations that Pakistani intelligence agencies and not the Taliban are staging attacks. Pakistan denies that it is assisting the Taliban. Karzai is not allowed to run for re-election in the April 5 ballot, as he is barred by the constitution from seeking a third term in office.

London: Pakistani High Commis-

sioner to United Kingdom Wajid Shamsul Hassan has decided to retire. He would likely hand over his charge to the Deputy High Commissioner in a week. According to sources, Imran Mirza would be acting Pakistani High Commissoner following the retirement of Wajid Shamsul Hassan. Hassan served as Pakistani High Commissioner to UK for six years. He is seen as positioning himself for life after the presidency, depicting himself as a tough-speaking nationalist. Karzai has also refused to sign a Bilateral Security Agreement with the United States which would allow for the US and Nato to leave behind a residual force of about 12,000 soldiers after the final withdrawal of international combat troops takes place at the end of this year. Despite widespread support for the agreement, Karzai says he first wants the US to move forward with a peace pact with the Taliban, presumably by putting pressure on neighbor Pakistan.



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Friday, April 4, 2014

VOL. 24/14 PAGE 20


egum PAGE 25

Shahzaib Bajwa’s Family Sues US Hospital, Doctor

4 Jumadal-ukhra 1435 H

An Interview with the Director of the Movie “Jinn”

Getting to Know Characters of ‘Piyare Afzal’

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PACC’s Pakistan Day Program Dripped with Eighties’ Nostalgia

The good old Pakistani Eighties of the PTV were reconstructed in the PACC’s Pakistan Day program, held on March 29 at the Computer History Museum auditorium, through a ‘Neelam Ghar’ quiz competition, and a stellar performance by the Benjamin Sisters (accompanied by two very talented sons of S.B. John)students of his class

n By A.H. Cemendtaur


lot of hard work by the PACC team (President Asghar Aboobaker, Presidentelect Rabia Adil, Co-founder Farrukh Shah Khan, Shahzad Basir, Nasreen Aboobaker, Noreen Tariq, Maheen Khan, Suhail Mohammad aka Suhail Akbar of the Koshish Foundation, Uzma Rauf, Amjad Noorani, Najma Noorani, and others) and financial help from generous sponsors (Jadoo TV, HDF, Javed & Shahnaz Iqbal, Asif & Shahina Haq, Safwan Shah, Umerani & Associates, and Total Wealth Solutions) produced an entertaining Pakistan Day program that was dripping with nostalgia. The organizers -- many of them left Pakistan in the Eighties -- decided to relive their best Pakistan days by reconstructing the 80s Pakistani TV

scene in their latest program.

The Eighties were deceptive times for Pakistan. The economic stability brought to the country with the help of international forces put a veneer of calm and prosperity over the Pakistani society. Yes, there was a war raging across the border in the north and Pakistan was the conduit -often very leaky -- through which the American weapons gushed northwards, young disenchanted Muslim men looking for a purpose in life reached Pakistan from the world over, military training was given to anyone interested in jihad, and unaccounted number of trained men carrying unaccounted weapons left for unknown destinations; and yes, the Movement for the Restoration of Democracy was brutally crushed in rural Sindh; but the state-owned media made sure the news was sanitized for the Pakistani urbanites. The city-dwell-

ers watched ‘Neelam Ghar’, laughed at the ‘Fifty-Fifty’ humor, and sang with the Benjamin Sisters; the daily show ended with the 9 o’clock news (the Khabarnama) telling Pakistanis everything was fine and General Zia Ul Haq was the best thing that could happen to their country. This is how you saw Pakistan and the world through PTV, if your formative years in that country were the 80s. The good old Pakistani Eighties of the PTV were reconstructed in the PACC’s Pakistan Day program, held on March 29 at the Computer History Museum auditorium, through a ‘Neelam Ghar’ quiz competition, and a stellar performance by the Benjamin Sisters (accompanied by two very talented sons of S.B. John). If Tariq Aziz (host of the original ‘Neelam Ghar’) ever wished to have an heir (minus Aziz’s occasional tantrums) to his popular TV show, his

prayers have been answered. Enter Ausaf Masood. Masood, a versatile actor, hosted Pakistan Day Neelam Ghar with great poise and humor. The reconstructed Neelam Ghar had the various components of the original show: the quiz, the dart game, and the US-immigration-styled questions to the newly wed couples. Courtesy of the sponsors of the program, contestants received expensive gifts (cash prizes, iPods, tablets, a big screen TV, and of course the quintessential Neelam Ghar water cooler). A wonderful discovery of the evening was the young singer Havva Munir who showed great control on her voice beautifully singing in high and low notes. Munir enchanted the crowd with Reshma’s ‘Lambi Judai’. For a good part of the Eighties Benjamin Sisters (Nerissa, Beena and Shabana Benjamin) ruled the PTV music scene. Fast forward almost

thirty years, and the storm brewing under the tranquil 80s has hit Pakistan with full force, yesterday’s unaccounted combat trainees have become the new trainers, intolerance and extremism (found everywhere in the world) now has a lethal face in Pakistan, and young men armed with illegal weapons ambush and kill people in ‘jihad’ based on their personal religious convictions; two of the Benjamin Sisters have followed their fans and have moved to the US. S.B. John (of ‘Tou Jo Nahin Hai’ fame) is also now settled in New York, and his two musician sons, Robin and Glenn perform with various artists. In PACC’s Pakistan Day program the Benjamin Sisters (a new member Edna replacing Shabana who with her husband now lives in the Middle East) sang their hit songs from the 80s and kept the audience riveted to their seats past midnight.



Irvine and Karachi Friendship City Project


ouncilman Larry Agran of the City of Irvine informed the huge gathering of Pakistani Americans on Pakistan Day March 23rd at The Angel Stadium of a cricket stadium to be built on the lawns of the Orange County Great Park thanks to the strivings of the Irvine Pak-

istani Parents Association.

He also informed the Pakistani Americans of the upcoming Irvine City Council meeting on April 8th at 6 PM at which the vote on Irvine and Karachi Friendship City Project will be taken. These two monumental projects will not only highlight the role of the Paki-

Los Angeles, CA: This weekend,

The toolkit is a practical set of options to empower communities against violence and extremism through education and rehabilitation not just incarceration. These are actual steps communities can take to create crisis intervention teams to prevent violent extremism. Safe spaces are created for everyone entering our mosques to be able to have difficult conversations. People need to feel comfortable discussing politics or persecution of Muslims in places such as Palestine or Kashmir or drone attacks that harm the innocent in Pakistan or Afghanistan. Safe spaces are needed so that government informants and extremist recruiters are prevented from violating the sanctity of the mosque. In essence, we want to enhance both a spiritual safety and public safety... ... Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) has a famous tradition attributed to him: Help your brother if he is oppressed or is the oppressor. His companions replied that they understood how to help if he is oppressed but confused on how to help if he an oppressor. The Prophet replied, “By preventing him from oppressing others.” [Bukhari, Book of 46, Hadith 5] Terrorism is a form of oppression, and it is distorting and defiling the message of Islam more than anything else in our era. We need to take control of our own narrative in the United States our own mosques and in the public arena. Founded in 1988, MPAC is an American institution which informs and shapes public opinion and policy by serving as a trusted resource to decision makers in government, media and policy institutions. MPAC is also committed to developing leaders with the purpose of enhancing the political and civic participation of American Muslims.

high-quality, low cost and pro bono services to individuals seeking legal assistance. Led by Farida Chehata, the department will conduct legal assessment, representation, advocacy, information sessions, citizenship application assistance, clinics, and outreach. Chehata is an attorney with substantial experience in immigration law, including work on asylum cases. “I am humbled by the opportunity to serve those who are seeking a better life in the United States and the chance to become civically engaged, contributing members of our communities,” said Chehata. “In keeping with CAIR’s mission to enhance civic participation, one of the departThe Immigrants’ Rights De- ment’s focuses will be on making it partment is dedicated to providing more accessible for permanent legal

residents to gain the rights, freedom and responsibilities that come with citizenship.” Towards that end, CAIR-LA’s Immigrants’ Rights Department is currently hosting citizenship information sessions at multiple Southern California mosques. The next sessions will be held on March 28, March 29, and April 6 at the Islamic Society of Corona Norco, Islamic Center of Glendale, and the Islamic Center of Southern California respectively. For details on time, please call CAIR-LA’s civil rights department at 714-7761177. After attending an information session, those interested in applying for naturalization will receive information for CAIR-LA’s

stani community in Irvine but also make the city a role model for integration and inclusion. Councilman Agran lauded the efforts of the longtime Irvine resident, Anila Ali for CA State Assembly District 74 and stated that “Anila Ali will be a prized gift to Sacramento from Irvine.”

Shahzaib Bajwa’s Family Sues US Hospital, Doctor Minneapolis: The family of a Paki-

stani student who made headlines earlier this year because he faced possible deportation while receiving medical care after a serious car accident is now suing a northern Minnesota hospital and the doctor who treated him in the emergency room. A lawsuit filed Friday on behalf of Muhammad Shahzaib Bajwa claims a doctor at Cloquet Community Memorial Hospital didn’t quickly ensure that Bajwa’s airway was unobstructed. As a result, Bajwa suffered permanent brain injury and brain damage. The lawsuit names the hospital and Dr. Peter T. Olsen as defendants. It alleges Bajwa is permanently injured and disabled as a direct and proximate result of Olsen’s negligence. “Dr Olsen’s failure to timely establish and ensure an adequate airway was a direct contributing cause of permanent anoxic brain injury and damage,” the lawsuit says. It seeks damages in excess of $75,000 to cover medical care and treatment.

It also says Bajwa has endured pain, disability and emotional distress, as well as lost wages and a reduced earning capacity in the future. A message left with the hospital chief executive wasn’t immediately returned Friday. A message was also left with Olsen, who was not in the office Friday. Bajwa was injured Nov 13 when the car he was riding in struck a deer. His injuries included severe head and facial trauma, and he was in a coma for months. At the time of the accident, Ba-

jwa was enrolled in a fall semester exchange program at the University of Wisconsin-Superior. As his student visa was expiring in February — and Bajwa was still in a coma at Essentia Health-St. Mary’s Medical Center in Duluth — family members said hospital officials were pressuring them to agree to Bajwa’s return to Pakistan. Pakistan’s consul general in Chicago, Faisal Niaz Tirmizi, said in February that US officials agreed on a visa that would allow Bajwa to stay, and that the insurance carrier for Bajwa’s exchange program agreed to cover up to $90,000 of his expenses at a long-term care facility in the Duluth area. The lawsuit says Bajwa is currently receiving long-term medical care in St. Louis County. His brother declined comment Friday, and his attorney did not immediately return a message seeking comment about Bajwa’s condition. An online fundraising campaign to help cover Bajwa’s medical costs had raised more than $146,000 by Friday.

CAIR-LA Launches New Immigrants’ Rights Department California is home to the largest

population of immigrants in the United States. It’s no wonder then that CAIR-LA’s office receives a high volume of requests ranging from green card holders who need help applying for citizenship to refugees who need assistance attaining asylum. In response to the high number of immigration-related requests it receives, CAIR-LA recently launched its new Immigrants’ Rights Department. In keeping with the organization’s goal to promote inclusion and civic engagement, the department seeks to empower non-citizens by helping them gain independence,

security, and the opportunity to fully participate in American society.

Altmuslim Publishes MPAC Op-ed on ‘Safe Spaces Initiative’

Altmuslim published the op-ed “Empowering the Community to Deal with Extremism in Our Mosques” by Salam Al-Marayati, President of the Muslim Public Affairs Council. The op-ed addresses the lessons learned from the Boston Marathon bombing and the need for us, the American Muslim community, to adjust our approach toward young people who express themselves in a troubling manner. Tamerlan Tsarnaev displayed troubling signs before he started his path towards violent extremism. Perhaps intervening with him through peer and religious counseling, rather than kicking him out of the mosque, could have prevented the bombing from taking place. SEE: “Empowering the Community to Deal with Extremism in Our Mosques” ( In addition to the op-ed, MPAC launched the “Safe Spaces Initiative” last week. It is a community toolkit designed to empower the community to address these situations and concerns through the PIE model — Prevention, Intervention, Ejection. By highlighting the PIE model, Al-Marayati stresses that it is our civic and religious responsibility to try to help any person who demonstrates troubling signs. The op-ed reads in part: We aim to prevent violent ideology with a dose of good theology and healthy, honest conversations in our mosques. We then try to intervene with anyone who exemplifies troubling behavior. Finally, we resort to ejection from our mosques when all other measures are exhausted. In all cases of violent activity, we remind our constituents to call law enforcement. The precise mechanisms for these steps can be found in the community toolkit.




Towards Absolute Power again

n By Babar Sattar



o all rulers wish for absolute power? Most of them probably do. Do they have their wish granted? Not many in this day and age are as lucky as Nawaz Sharif. Lord Acton had famously warned that “power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely”. Richard Fallon, our constitutional law professor at Harvard Law, had concluded at the end of his course that the law’s best bet against abuse of power has been to require it to be widely distributed, regulate discretion of power wielders and subject their decisions to disclosure and scrutiny. Livid at the whimsical appointments and transfers undertaken by the caretakers in 2013, Khawaja Muhammad Asif, the current defense minister and possibly the sanest voice in PML-N, filed a petition before the Supreme Court. The apex court accepted his petition and undid the caretaker appointments. But it went on to hold that “to ensure fundamental rights … a commission headed by and comprising two other competent and independent members having impeccable integrity… is required to be constituted by the federal government through open merit-based process having fixed tenure of four years to ensure appointments in statutory bodies, autonomous bodies, semiautonomous bodies, regulatory authorities, to ensure the appointment of all government-controlled corporations, autonomous and semiautonomous bodies etc”. The court also laid down the terms of reference for the commission. While it is undesirable for courts to legislate under the garb of exercising judicial authority, the PML-N never sought a review of the ‘Kh. Muhammad Asif case’ and insisted that the order would be implemented in letter and spirit. In compliance, on July 22, 2013 it issued a notification constituting the

Federal Commission for Selection of Heads of Public Sector Organizations and notified 58 organizations in relation to which the selection commission would make appointments. As it settled in, along with enjoyment of power came second thoughts. On Jan 13, 2014, the government issued another notification reducing the number of organizations falling within the selection commission’s jurisdiction from 58 to 23. Still unsatisfied, the government through a notification dated March 4, 2014, also excluded two critical corporate sector regulators, the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Competition Commission, from the selection commission’s jurisdiction. To assume control of the affairs of another key regulator, the Pakistan Medical and Dental Council, the government has just promulgated the PMDC (Amendment) Ordinance, 2014. Given the dismal state of public health in Pakistan the less said about the PMDC’s performance the better. But as a matter of law, regulatory authorities fall with-

in Part II of the Federal Legislative List and within the Council of Com-

The PML-N’s proclivity for absolutism has begun bringing back ugly memories from 1997-99. The selective practice of principles has many names: opportunism, nepotism, cronyism, hypocrisy etc. There are two ways to bridge the gap between law and practice: by conforming practice to law or by amending the law to reflect prevalent practice mon Interests’ jurisdiction, without consulting which any change within

PMDC’s structure ought not to have been enforced. The PPP government had initiated a Safe City Project in Islamabad in 2009. The $124.7 million project awarded to a Chinese company in an unsolicited bid and in breach of PPRA framework was challenged before the Supreme Court. Through its ruling in the ‘Raja Mujahid Muzaffar Case’, the court struck down the contract in 2012 and held that “not only the contract dated 29.12.2009 was entered into in violation of the law in a non-transparent manner but was also at a cost which to say the least is suspicious if not vastly inflated”. But the PML-N government has revived the Safe City Project and awarded it to the same Chinese company reportedly on the same terms and conditions. Likewise, the Supreme Court had struck down corruption-dripping RPP contracts amidst much fanfare (for which PPP prime ministers are facing accountability courts). It has now been reported that the Rental Power Plants have been revived and rendered kosher by the PML-N government un-

der the cleaner name of Short-Term Independent Power Plants. During the last two-and-ahalf decades umpteen judgments have been rendered to painstakingly separate the judiciary from the executive and explain how such separation is a cardinal feature of our Constitution. The country celebrated the culmination of such process in 1996 with the ‘Al-Jihad Trust Case’ and once again with the restoration of the ‘independentminded’ judges in 2009. And what do we get in 2014 after all the effort, lecturing and hullabaloo? A serving DMG officer posted as registrar of the Supreme Court. It doesn’t matter that the officer has a stellar reputation. This isn’t about the individual. It is about the unambiguous principle that the judiciary must be functionally, financially and administratively independent of the executive. And not to protect judges, but citizens who have a fundamental entitlement to have their rights and obligations adjudicated by chambers of justice capable of functioning as neutral arbiters without any interference. But here we have the Supreme Court and the government joining hands to appoint a serving civil servant, dependent on the executive for his future appointments and promotions, to serve as the key interlocutor between the apex court and the rest of the world (including the government and all other litigants). The PML-N’s proclivity for absolutism has begun bringing back ugly memories from 1997-99. The selective practice of principles has many names: opportunism, nepotism, cronyism, hypocrisy etc. There are two ways to bridge the gap between law and practice: by conforming practice to law or by amending the law to reflect prevalent practice. If we have an elite consensus against changing our sordid ways, let’s just change the law to avoid its mockery at least. Won’t the honest admission that we are a rotten lot preserve some of our dignity? (The writer is a lawyer.- Dawn)

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P22 – PAKISTAN LINK – APRIL 4, 2014 n By Siraj Khan


Boston, MA

he year 1980 swept into the Indian film industry a Pakistani girl. She came to India via England to rock the world of music with her own trail-blazing style of get-up-and-dance flavour. Then, it would have been difficult to conceive that a young girl, barely in her mid-teens, would perhaps unknowingly set an example of aman ki asha on a scale that even established politicians and diplomats would not be able to achieve.

Feroz Khan’s Qurbani would have still been a success at the boxoffice even without Baat Ban Jaye, but just this song sung by Nazia Hassan and picturized on vivacious Zeenat Aman had something in it, the magic which nobody had visualised in their wildest imagination. Biddu, a UK-based Indian music producer, who already had several hits under his belt producing hit songs for Tina Charles, Carl Douglas and others, composed Nazia’s first mega hit. Biddu is known for danceable faves like “Ring My Bell” and “Kung Fu Fighting.” Both the song and singer became overnight sensations. Nazia won a Filmfare Award in 1981 for the Best Female Singer -the first Pakistani artiste to achieve this honour. She remains the youngest recipient ever to win this award -an added distinction unlikely to be surpassed for a long time to come. Nazia Hassan had set the music scene alight in India with her joyous, hyper-desi disco trend. The effect of her popularity across the length and breadth of the subcontinent was nothing

n By Emily Main


Rodale News

ou don’t smoke. You live a generally healthy life, so you’re in the clear as far as unhealthy habits are concerned, right?

Not so fast! It seems like every day, a new study comes out finding that habit X is “as bad for you as smoking,” whether it’s sitting all day or eating too much fat. So is there any legitimacy to those claims? We checked out a bunch of those studies to find out what the researchers mean when they claim that those things are as bad for you as cigarettes, and in most cases, they’re not lying. The following six unhealthy habits either expose you to the same contaminants in cigarette smoke or lead to cancer rates equivalent to those caused by smoking. Fortunately, these are easy to fix with a few modifications to your daily routine so you (and your heart and your lungs) can be glad you don’t in fact smoke. PLUS: A recent report projected that cancer will be the leading cause of death in the US by 2030. Take control of your life and learn how to cancer-proof your environment. #1: Sitting all day. Even if you exercise regularly, habitually sitting for prolonged periods, whether at a desk or in a car, is being increasingly linked to a variety of health problems. According to Alberta Health Services-Cancer Care in Canada, inactivity is linked to nearly 160,000 cases of breast, colon, prostate, and lung cancer every year, about two-thirds as many cancer cases caused by smoking. Make it right: Make it a habit to take breaks on-the-move at work, and even make (or buy) a standing workstation so you’re less apt to sit

A Voice That Lives on short of magical. Political boundaries seemed to disappear. Seamless movement of people started across the borders. Even cricket between the countries started to resurface. The youth on both sides of the border looked up to Nazia as the subcontinent’s first true pop diva, with stunning looks to go with the voice. India Today magazine voted Nazia Hassan -- a Pakistani -- as one of the 50 people who helped change the face of India. The most visible and tangible change in India’s music space was the personal album trend which began taking off with Lucky Ali, Alisha Chinoy, Shewata Shetty and many others. Nazia Hassan’s phenomenal success was no flash in the pan. She teamed up with her brother Zoheb and produced hit after hit. Coming at the heels of Baat Bun Jaye in 1981, was Disco Deewane which broke all sales records not only in India and Pakistan but also topped the charts in Brazil, the West Indies and Europe. Successful albums like Star/ Boom Boom (1982), Young Tarang (1984), Hotline (1987) followed and later Camera Camera (1982) rolled out, along with TV shows with BBC, ITV, Channel 4. In 1989, Nazia and Zoheb hosted the groundbreaking all-Pakistan television pop show called Music’89, produced by Shoaib Mansoor. Culture and art play a key role in building bridges between boundaries. In fact, culture and art belong to the whole world. Before them vanish the barriers of religions and nationalities. Those who believe

in this have seen it for themselves. Some of us discovered this rather late in our lives. Nazia Hassan was a great believer in the power of music, something that she identified very early in her life. Perhaps the seeds for such a thinking and conviction were sown

Hi Hum, which were also directed by Sohail Rana in his inimitable style and methodology. Nazia started to bloom and really began singing not only in her voice, but also from the heart. She has on many occasions acknowledged the contribution of her mentor Sohail Rana in polishing

Nazia Hassan’s phenomenal success was no flash in the pan. She teamed up with her brother Zoheb and produced hit after hit. Coming at the heels of Baat Bun Jaye in 1981, was Disco Deewane which broke all sales records not only in India and Pakistan but also topped the charts in Brazil, the West Indies and Europe very early in her tender years. Nazia was a child participant / student of Music Maestro Sohail Rana in the PTV program Kaliyon ki Maala . I recall Dosti Aisa Naata Jo Sonay Sey Bhi Mehanga. Kaliyon Ki Mala took the shape of Sung Sung Chalte Rehna, Saat Suroon Ki Duniya and Hum

her hidden talent and also building her confidence and self-discipline. Yet another student of Sohail Rana, Adnan Sami during his recent interview with ARY the Pakistani TV channel, acknowledged his tutelage by Sohail Rana in 1979/80 in the TV program Rung barangi duniya from

Six Unhealthy Habits that Are as Bad as Smoking all day. At home, resist the temptation to veg out in front of the TV. Go for a short walk around the block to relax, spend a few minutes cleaning, or schedule a gym date with your significant other. PLUS: 9 Health Problems You Can Cure With Exercise #2: Eating too much meat and cheese. Animal proteins are rich in IGF-1, a growth hormone that can promote the growth of cancer cells. And a study from the University of Southern California published in the journal Cell Metabolism recently found that people on high-animalprotein diets during middle age were four times more likely to die of cancer than people on low-protein diets--a mortality risk factor comparable to smoking. Make it right: Replace some of your animal proteins with these yummy vegetarian protein sources. The same study found that diets high in plant-based proteins like beans, which have protein levels equivalent to some meats, didn’t trigger the same increase in cancer rates. In general, middle-aged adults should be eating 0.8 grams of protein for every 2 pounds of body weight daily. Interestingly, the study found that once you pass the age of 65, eating lots of animal protein isn’t as harmful because your body’s production of IGF-1 begins to slow down. RELATED: 15 Grossest Things You’re Eating #3: Cooking with natural gas. If you’re one of the 34 percent of Americans whose home is equipped with a gas stove, you’re getting an added dose of carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, and formaldehyde

every time you cook a meal. Those same three contaminants are common in secondhand cigarette smoke, and a December 2013 study in Environmental Health Perspectives found that all three contaminants in homes with gas stoves regularly exceeded public health guidelines. Make it right: Use your vent hood when you use your gas oven or cooktop. Ventilating a gas range can reduce pollutant levels by 60 to 90 percent, even if the fan seems wimpy. Also, cook on your back burners: Most vent hoods aren’t properly centered over a cooktop; using the back burners will help your vent hood capture the most pollution. #4: Cooking with the wrong oil. Even if you rely on an electric

stove at your house, you aren’t immune to cooking’s polluting effects. Studies on restaurant and residential kitchens have shown that high-heat cooking with shortening and soybean oil (usually just called “vegetable oil” in the US) releases particulate matter, aldehydes, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, all compounds found in cigarette smoke and linked to airway inflammation. Make it right: Pick the type of cooking oil best suited for your use. For instance, olive oil isn’t good for frying or high-heat cooking but is fine for cooking at low temperatures or in salad dressings. Avocado oil, on the other hand, is great for high-heat cooking. Look for the “smoke point” on oils that you buy to make sure the oil matches your needs. And don’t

PTV Islamabad Center. Nazia’s passion for building bridges was not confined to music. Armed with a law degree, she ended up working for the UN from 199294, when she got married and moved to Dubai in 1995. Alas, history is full of great people who achieved in a few years, what others do in a lifetime. Like so many wonderful artistes of the subcontinent before her -- Geeta Dutt, Geeta Bali, Madhubala, Meena Kumari and others -- Nazia Hassan succumbed prematurely to disease and illness. It was on August 13, 2000, when she left for the heavenly abode, just in her mid-thirties. Yes, it’s been almost fourteen years. Nazia, you will be remembered not only for the musical treasures of joy and peace that you have left for us, but also because you showed us that what is played is the music, not the instrument. More importantly, we admire you for taking music beyond borders. Shayed baat bun hee jaye! A few gems from Nazia Hassan’s treasure box, which she has left for us. Dum dum dee dee http : / / w w w. youtu b e. c om / watch?v=xssv5Je-6xk Boom Boom h?v=1sHTPrlQPBA&feature=relat ed Ye DIl Tere liye h?v=iYXn38P8qdM&feature=relat ed Ajnabi h?v=xaQQTwDnB8M&feature=rel ated forget to run the ventilation hood! PLUS: 4 Cooking Oils That Belong in Every Kitchen #5: Tanning indoors. A recent study in the Journal of the American Medical Association estimated that indoor tanning causes roughly 420,000 cases of skin cancer in the US every year. Smoking, by comparison, causes 226,000 cases of lung cancer. Make it right: Learning to love pale skin is step number one. But if you really want a natural glow, eat more carrots and tomatoes, suggests a study published in the journal Evolution and Human Behavior. Both foods are rich in carotenoids, which will boost your skin tone, and you won’t have to worry about exposure to sketchy ingredients in sunless tanning sprays and lotions. #6: Not getting enough sleep. This will make you really cranky: Chronic sleep deprivation triggers high blood pressure, heart attacks, strokes, obesity, and a host of other health problems. One study even found that not getting at least six or seven hours of sleep led to mortality rates on par with those seen in cigarette smokers. Even getting poor-quality or fragmented sleep--when you don’t necessarily fully wake up, but the cycle from light to deep sleep gets interrupted-can speed the growth of tumors. PLUS: 10 Sleep Habits That Make You Gain Weight Make it right: Don’t assume that being tired is normal. If you feel like you aren’t getting enough sleep regularly, talk to a health professional to see if you might be suffering from a condition such as sleep apnea that is interfering with your sleep. (Courtesy Rodale News)



n By Ras Siddiqui

In the Beginning, three were created. Man made of clay. Angels made of light. And a Third made of fire.” These form the elemental core of Jinn, a movie written and directed by Ajmal Zaheer Ahmad (AZA) an American of Pakistani origin with a passion for imagery. Jinn is slated to hit the screens on the first Friday of April, 2014 when it will attempt to capture viewer imagination and the attention of a worldwide audience. Starring Dominic Rains, Serinda Swan, Ray Park, William Atherton and Faran Tahir, the movie highlights man’s meeting with that elusive third race “born of smokeless fire”, a rare encounter. “Similar to humans in many ways, the Jinn lived invisibly among us and only under dire or unusual circumstances were our paths ever meant to cross.”

In Jinn, Ajmal Zaheer Ahmad (AZA) has created a haunting story and captured it in his film. Ras Siddiqui (RS) interviewed him for this publication to dig deeper into the movie and the filmmaker: RS: First before we approach the subject of the movie itself, could you share a little information about yourself and how you became a filmmaker? AZA: First, thank you for taking the time to do this interview, it’s most appreciated. As far as how I became a filmmaker...the simple answer is that it was something I knew I wanted to do since I was very young. I vividly remember watching Superman as a three-year-old sitting cross-legged on the floor in my parents’ bedroom. That music still makes my heart beat. One of the reasons I went into this career was to give the same feeling to others. As far as the nuts and bolts of how I got to this point? It’s a long story but the simple answer is...I made a firm decision to become a movie director, and then never looked back. RS: The Jinn film project seems to have taken a number of years to complete. What were some of the reasons for the delay and are you now happy with the final product? AZA: We’ve been asked this question a few times and it’s one that I love to answer because it means that people have been waiting for the movie. The other good thing about the question is that people assume we are a large Hollywood-type company. We take it as a compli-


An Interview with the Director of the Movie “Jinn”

buy the actual car you saw in the film. No movie company has ever done that before...even the big guys. RS: Why a film about the Supernatural? Did you grow up in a South-Asian family like many of us who were scared by stories of jinns and bhoots (ghosts) which you are now sharing on screen with the world? AZA: This one is simple. There has never been a movie depicting

Filmmaker Ajmal Zaheer Ahmad Face to face with Jinn

In the beginning three were created

ment. The truth is there actually was no delay as the release date was never set for the movie. Since this movie is solely owned by us, we didn’t have to set a date ahead of time and then scramble to hit it. We simply worked on it till we felt that it was in its best form...and then decided to release it. It’s a luxury that few film makers have and we’re very proud of what we have accomplished. We hope that people enjoy it. RS: One of the most interesting and unusual parts of the film is the use of exotic cars. How did this

Detroit-Michigan connection become a part of the story-line and what can you tell us about these cars? AZA: The answer as to why we made the “Firebreather” super car for Jinn is very simple...because we could, and because it’s crazy! It’s was such an off the wall concept; hard to really put it into words. Basically, the hero needed an awesome American muscle I designed the car, one which I would love to own myself...and then we built it. It represents the first time you could walk out of the theater and potentially

the authentic Jinn concept. In an industry where many movies are rehashes, remakes and re-boots...we thought something fresh would be interesting. I grew up with this concept and since I was nine years old, I wanted to make a movie on them. I remember asking myself “How come no one has made a movie on them?”...well, now someone has. RS: At this point in time and after seeing both of the previews-trailers released thus far of Jinn we still know very little about its story. What it does come across as is an actionadventure-thriller with a strong element of the supernatural. It that an accurate description or should we call it a horror film? AZA: You’re pretty dead on with your assessment. The Jinn lends itself to being advertised as a horror concept on the surface. However, there is much more to the Jinn than just evil monsters running around. We have attempted to capture the true mythology of the Jinn and also make it exciting for everyone. We are extremely curious to see how people label it after they’ve seen it.

RS: Did a tech background come into play when you created the Jinn in the film as far as the special effects are concerned? AZA: I do not have any tech background (apart from movies) but I have learned and stayed on top of the technology necessary. From cameras to computers to cars...they’re all my passion and I feel knowing them well makes me a better director. It of course helps incredibly when putting together SFX shots. My design and drawing skill was the other thing that has helped immensely. I tried to design every composition, costume, prop, and environment beforehand so we knew the best way to attack each shot. RS: Did you plan the release date of 04-04-14 or were greater-unknown powers at play here? AZA: 4-4-14 was a spot recommended to us by our distributors, Freestyle Releasing. Since this is not a 100 million dollar movie by any means, we chose to counter program Captain America. The basic principle behind counter programming is to give an option that is different from the huge movie that’s coming out on that day. So for those that might want to see a supernatural thriller rather than an action movie, they have a choice. Since our release is much smaller than Captain America, we run less risk and have a high chance of finding an audience...if we reach out to them properly. RS: Are you working on your next film project already or in other words where does Ajmal Zaheer Ahmad go from here? AZA: Exxodus Pictures and I have numerous projects ready to go. Some are extremely ambitious films that are birthed from a similar core as reveal and create new concepts that haven’t been done yet. We have many of them in various stages of development but of course as a small company, all our time right now is devoted to finishing and promoting Jinn. With the support and well wishes of the people reading this, we hope that the release will be a success. If so, I’m pretty sure you’ll be seeing a Jinn 2 in production quite soon. RS: To conclude, the Jinn (or Djinn) concept coming to US theatres on April 4th may not provide serious competition to Captain America but it should still offer viewers some exciting comparison shopping. (Pictures and some written material courtesy of Exxodus Pictures)

Four Great Green Technologies to Celebrate Earth Day

ust as intended, the 44th annual celebration of Earth Day on April 22 will be surrounded by talk of our environment, our impact on it and what we can do to better live in harmony with it. “We’re seeing more and more people who realize that, if each of us does what we can every day, collectively, we can have a tremendous impact,” says Lynda Chervil, a thought leader and green technology advocate whose new book, “Fool’s Return,” (http://, mirrors real-life efforts to develop sustainable energy sources. “All the people carrying reusable grocery sacks, people who’ve quit the plastic water bottle habit, folks heating their pools or houses with solar panels – that’s what we should be celebrating this Earth Day.” This year’s March Gallup Environment poll found that 42 percent of

Americans believe the outlook for the environment has improved, up from only 26 percent in 2008. Chervil, who studies the science behind green technology, says environmental awareness has ramped up production of affordable goods that can shrink individuals’ carbon footprints. She shares four devices she says would make a nice gift for Mother Earth on her day: • HybridLight Solar Flashlight: These flashlights never need batteries, can be charged from any light source, and they always work. The 120 lumens model will burn for eight hours on one charge. HybridLight’s flashlights are so reliable, the Boy Scouts’ Utah National Parks Council endorses them – and they come with a lifetime guarantee. For every 10 hours of use, 100 HybridLight flashlights avert 60 pounds of toxic battery landfill waste. An added very cool note – HybridLights has a

mission to light up corners of the world with little or no electricity. Recently, the company supplied everyone in a Kenyan village with their own flashlight. Cost: Prices start at less than $20. • Bedol Water Alarm Clock: Imagine a water-powered alarm clock that’s loud enough to scare you out of bed! Bedol’s water clocks run strictly on tap water – no batteries, no nothing else. The energy comes from a natural reaction between the water and two metal plates. The smallest clocks in the line run for six to 12 weeks before the display begins to fade, indicating that the water needs to be changed. Occasionally, you also need to clean the metal plates with vinegar. Just in time for Earth Day, Bedol is launch it’s 12-by-15-inch wall-mount water clock! Cost: Prices start at $19. • iGo Green Power Smart Wall: We’ve all heard of the “vampires” in our homes that suck up power whether

we’re using them or not – everything from coffee pots to laptops. Stem the bleeding with this surge protector that cuts the suck by up to 85 percent. The unit, which plugs into the wall, has four outlets, two of which are always on. The other two automatically power down when the attached appliance is not in use. Cost: Prices start at about $12. • Pama Eco Navigator Satellite Navigation System: This GPS system also saves gasoline by providing you with the most energy-efficient routes to your destinations, and feedback on your car’s performance, so you can adjust your driving habits to improve your gas mileage. It also saves all your routes, so you can assess their fuel efficiency. Cost: Watch for pricing and availability on Amazon. “Most of these items are not only budget priced, they save you money in batteries, electricity and fuel,” Chervil says. “Not only are you doing some-

thing great for the planet when you use green technology, you’re taking a load off your wallet.” (Lynda Chervil is the author of “Fool’s Return,” http://lyndachervil. com/, a new novel that incorporates valuable life lessons in a page-turning tale that touches on technology, the green movement, and other aspects of contemporary society. She graduated from New York University with a master’s degree in Integrated Marketing Communications and has extensive experience in consumer and commercial banking and has held positions in new business development, sales management and executive leadership. Chervil seeks to push the limits of established understanding by exploring alternative forms of spiritual healing, and, through creative writing, to expand the narrative of cutting-edge energy technology to promote sustainability. - Ginny Grimsley)




It's time to refresh your look for spring with smokey eyes, fun nail art and major brows... By: L.K


fficially it's spring. It's time to shed the shadows (metaphorically and otherwise) and step into the light! Floral fragrances, dewy skin, and hot colours abound. As our wardrobes change with changing season so do our hairstyles and beauty looks. The spring makeup trends have been well defined and represent an unusual mixture of different styles and colours. The beauty trends for Spring 2014 are all about colour, texture and letting your skin shine. The main trend is minimal make up, but also very strong at the same time. The goal is to keep the skin very fresh and healthy, and to bring the attention to eyes or lips. There are ideal options for fashionistas, who love to experiment with daring looks. Glowing skin: Warm, healthy skin that looks sun-kissed is the hottest and most understated way to greet spring. The key is to keep your skin in great shape, so get yourself into a solid skincare routine to let that beautiful skin shine through. To get the flawless, well-conditioned natural look, make use of concealers, lip balms, eye creams and brow gels and stay away from bright blushes. Bold eye brows: Amongst the spring 2014 beauty trends full, thick brows continue to inspire, and there's no better way for you to channel spring's return to all things natural than by sporting bold brows, preferably without the heavy make-up. This season, it's more about emphasizing on your natural shape than overly filling them in, so just use a little brow powder to amp up sparse spots, then brush through. Cat-eye makeup: The feline flick is again super-trendy. However, for spring 2014's makeup trends, the cat eye gets taken to a whole new statement level. Forget the traditional way of doing things; spring 2014 is all about the alternative cat eye makeup. To achieve such a stunning look, you simply have to visually lift the outer corner of the eyes by drawing a winged line or by applying the eye shadow in a winged form. Slightly playful, mysterious and mystique, winged eyes were loved not only by Egyptian queens and ladies of the Soviet epoch, but also modern fashionisers. Dramatic smokey eyes:

Could you ever imagine the makeup world without everyone's favourite smokey eye makeup? Hardly! Classic smokey eyes firmly hold their position in the spring makeup trends. Dramatic smokey eyes or intense monochrome makeup should be your choice this season. As makeup artists suggest, this spring, intense eye shadows are applied to the eyes reaching the brow line, while black eye pencil is used only on the lower lid. When it comes to the trendiest smokey eye colours, go for either dark tones or metallic silver this fall. Eyeliner art: When it comes to applying eyeliner, fine lines and the understated look are old school. This season, eyeliner has gone graphic. Thick bold lines, angular shapes, straight flicks and lines extending outside the corners of the eye are all in. To get this look, it is important to have a smudge-free and long-lasting, jet black eyeliner. Experiment with gel based ones and liquid liners. Minimal contouring: Ditch the structured contour and highlight lines for spring 2014: It is time for a softer, natural look. We're leaving behind the angular contours of the fall and winter and opting for just a little bronzer at the hollows of your cheeks, and even less around your hairline and jaw line. Beauty soiree: Recently, fashionistas of Karachi got an opportunity to see the latest spring makeup trends at a show held at Nano's salon by Azra and Saeeda. The show was organised by the Phenomena Team and Pomme Gohar. Taking inspiration from Spring, the theme was butterflies and flowers. The decor was beautifully designed with bird cages and butterfly motifs. The show opened with a dance performance by Joshinder Chaggar translating "the cocoons journey into a butterfly". The models presented elaborate hair dos and dramatic make up to show off this season's spring looks. The beauticians Saeeda and Azra are veterans in the beauty field and are trained at Vidal Sasson and Loreal. Nano's, recently opened beauty salon, is a welcome addition to the beauty scene with creativity and freshness under the guidance of Azra and Saeeda's talented partnership. Courtesy The News



Stylish Windies Floor Pakistan to Enter Semi-Finals

Badree removed Kamran Akmal in the second over, Umar Akmal in the fourth and Shoaib Malik in the sixth to leave Pakistan tottering at 13-4


Defending champions West Indies charged into the World Twenty20 semi-finals with a spectacular 84-run win over Pakistan in a key Super-10 match in Dhaka on Tuesday. The West Indies recovered from a top-order meltdown to post 166-6 after electing to take first strike, before three wickets each by spin twins Samuel Badree and Sunil Narine skittled Pakistan for 82 in 17.5 overs. The West Indies, who finished second behind unbeaten India in group two, will clash with group one champions Sri Lanka in the first semi-final in Dhaka on Thursday. India, who won all their four league matches, meet South Africa at the same venue on Friday. The final will be played in Dhaka on Sunday. It was the first time Pakistan, finalists in the inaugural World T20 in

2007 and champions in 2009, failed to reach the knock-out rounds in the five editions of the tournament. The West Indies slumped to 81-5 before skipper Darren Sammy and Dwayne Bravo led a dramatic rescue act by adding 71 for the sixth wicket off just 32 balls. Bravo smashed four sixes and two fours in a 26-ball 46, while Sammy remained unbeaten on 42 off 20 balls that contained five fours and two sixes. The West Indies plundered 71 runs in the last four overs, taking 21 runs in the 18th bowled by seamer Umar Gul and 24 in the 19th by offspinner Saeed Ajmal. Pakistan never recovered after Ahmed Shehzad, who scored a century in the previous match against Bangladesh, was leg-before to Krishmar Santokie off the first ball of the innings. Badree removed Kamran Ak-

mal in the second over, Umar Akmal in the fourth and Shoaib Malik in the sixth to leave Pakistan tottering at 13-4. Skipper Mohammad Hafeez (19) and Sohaib Maqsood (18) fell in successive overs to make it 42-6, before Narine removed Shahid Afridi and Sohail Tanvir in four balls to hasten the end. Earlier, the West Indies lost both openers by the fourth over, with Chris Gayle stumped off Hafeez for five and Dwayne Smith caught behind off Tanvir for eight. Lendl Simmons and Marlon Samuel add 39 for the third wicket when both batsmen fell in the 11th over to reduce the West Indies to 67 for four. Lendl was run out for a 29-ball 31 while attempting a cheeky single, while Samuels was bowled by Shahid Afridi for 20 after striking a six off the previous delivery.

Sri Lanka Welcome “Lovely” Spin Headache ahead of Semis

Mirpur: Left-arm spinner Rangana Herath’s magical spell against New Zealand has presented Sri Lanka with a “lovely headache” ahead of Thursday’s World Twenty20 semifinals against West Indies, coach Paul Farbrace said on Wednesday. Picked ahead of spin colleague Ajantha Mendis who had proved expensive against England, Herath destroyed New Zealand in a 59-run romp in Chittagong on Monday. Farbrace conceded Herath had spun a selection dilemma after claiming five wickets for three runs in 21 balls to put Sri Lanka in the semi-finals. “It’s a lovely headache to have,”

the former Kent player told reporters at the Sher-e-Bangla National Stadium. “We know we got some very high-quality spin bowlers in the team. It gives us a really good headache to have. There’s been plenty discussion and there will be plenty more before the coin goes up tomorrow night I can assure you.” Sri Lanka will have to quickly adjust to conditions in Mirpur but at least their spinners would be spared the heavy dew factor which made gripping the ball difficult in Chittagong. “We know here the wicket will turn but again it’s about making

sure we get the right pace,” Farbrace said. “It’s not just about getting the ball to the other end. You got to bowl the right pace and I think that’s what Herath did so well in Chittagong against New Zealand. Spinners need to bowl the right pace on the right surface.” Over the past seven years, Sri Lanka have fallen agonizingly short at global events. They lost the finals of the 50-over World Cups in 2007 and 2011 and World Twenty20 in 2009 and 2012. Englishman Farbrace would not call it a psychological barrier. “You could also look at it and say ‘they have done really well in most of the competitions and got to finals’. That’s where teams want to be in big events,” he said. “We had a big win here in Asia Cup a few weeks ago. We beat India, we beat Pakistan twice. Not just winning but winning comprehensively. That gave our team a lot of confidence. “We’ve played a lot of very close games in the last three months. When you win the, the confidence you get (makes) you believe you can win from anywhere.”

Afridi Blames Top Order Batsmen for WT20 Loss Islamabad: Flamboyant all-round-

er Shahid Afridi has blamed the negative approach of Pakistan’s top order batsmen for the team’s heavy defeat by the West Indies and early exit from the World Twenty20. Pakistan returned home on Wednesday after an 84-run defeat against the defending champions saw it miss out on the tournament’s semifinals for the first time. West Indies effectively put the 2009 champions out of the game once it reduced them to 13-4 in 5.3 overs, while chasing 167, and will take on Sri Lanka in the first semifinal on Thursday. “We lost the match because of our negative approach in the first six overs,” Afridi told reporters at the airport in Karachi. Pakistan looked to have contained West Indies until the 17th over by reducing them to 107-5 before captain Darren Sammy and Dwayne Bravo clobbered 59 runs in the last three overs of Umar Gul, Saeed Ajmal and Sohail Tanvir – lifting the total to 166-6. “It wasn’t such a big total which

couldn’t be achieved – but the game slipped out of our hands in the first six overs of our batting,” Afridi said. Pakistan also lost to archrival India in the group match while its two victories came against Australia and Bangladesh. The selectors recalled Kamran Akmal and Shoaib Malik for the World Twenty20. Though both are experienced players, neither could make an impact – scoring just 48 and 52 runs respectively in four matches.

West Indies Blew Us away in Five Overs, Says Coach Moin Khan

Dhaka: Pakistan team coach Moin

Khan Wednesday said his team was blown away in the last five overs by the West Indies, costing them a place in the World Twenty20 semifinals. The West Indies blasted 82 runs in the last five overs to recover from a struggling 84-5 in the 15th over to finish with a formidable 166-5 in their allotted 20. Pakistan were bowled out for a paltry 82 in 17.5 overs to bow out of the event, failing to reach the semifinals for the first time in five editions. Khan said the West Indies, who are defending champions, were ruthless in the last five overs. “They (West Indies) took away the game in the last five overs,” Khan told AFP. “It wasn’t a case of bad bowling but (Darren) Sammy and (Dwayne) Bravo batted superbly.” Bravo hit a 26-ball 46 with four sixes and two boundaries while

Sammy scored a fiery 20-ball 42 not out with two sixes and five fours to give real impetus to the West Indian batting. Off-spinner Saeed Ajmal gave away 41 runs in his four overs, the second time he conceded more than 40 in a Twenty20 match. Pakistan batting panicked after they lost opener Ahmed Shehzad – who hit a century in the previous match against Bangladesh – off the first delivery of their innings. Spinners Samuel Badree (3-10) and Sunil Narine (3-16) then jolted Pakistan’s batting as four batsmen were stumped by wicketkeeper Dinesh Ramdin. “We could never recover from the loss of early wickets and no one could stay longer at the wicket,” said Khan. He said Pakistan must address its flaws in batting before their series against Australia in United Arab Emirates in October. “We have a big five-month gap in our next series so we need to improve our batting in training camps,” said Khan, who was appointed coach for the preceding Asia Cup and World Twenty20 only. Khan said it would be up to the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) to decide about his future. “I am available for the job but it would be up to the PCB to decide,” said Khan.

Picking ‘Seniors’ Wasn’t a Great Idea Karachi: Pakistan’s new cricket chief se-

lector Rashid Latif on Wednesday said relying on senior players had backfired after a familiar batting collapse saw the team crash out from the World Twenty20. The 2009 champions were crushed by the West Indies on Tuesday night, sliding to an 84-run loss after appearing to panic at the start of their chase. Latif, who took over as chief selector on Tuesday, said Pakistan’s decision to select too many senior players at the expense of youth had led to their downfall. “Just like Australia failed in their

plans of selecting senior players, Pakistan also fumbled because of selecting senior players,” said the former captain and wicketkeeper. He declined to name any players but speculation is likely to focus on keeper Kamran Akmal and all-rounder Shoaib Malik, both aged 32 and recalled to the tournament after long periods out of the side. Akmal scored just 48 runs in four outings, performing only moderately behind the stumps, while Malik hit 52 runs in the tournament and was not given a chance to bowl.



Never “Marry” a Stock n By Saghir Aslam Irvine, CA

(The following information is provided solely to educate the Muslim community about investing and financial planning. It is hoped that the ummah will benefit from this effort through greater financial empowerment, enabling the community to live in security and dignity and fulfill their religious and moral obligations towards charitable activities) A common error foe many is to “fall in love with the companies that they worked for and retired from. The investor stays with the long position through thick and thin. These are often high potential corporations which have not realize their dreams. The stock may not have performed well for several reasons: EYES FROM P10

Order” strategy that has already changed the shape of politics in the greater Muslim world. Exactly 100 years after the first world war in 1914, when Saudi Arabia and other Islamic countries were created, the West is busy again trying to reshape Islamic nations in order to continue its military, political and economic domination. The plan this time is to break these nations into small countries, encourage conflict between different ethnic groups, and promote sectarian rivalries within them. As we know, Iraq, Lebanon, WRITERS FROM P8

an advisor to the prime minister or the head of a national institution. Few of them will be just as content if they are promoted as office holders within the party as ‘think tanks’. Obviously, service

1. No earnings – new companies often take a long period to pay off the underwriters. 2. Poor management – the finest inventor or scientist can make a poor CEO. 3. Poor product – it may be ahead of its time or even falling behind as newer technology moves ahead of it. 4. Insufficient capital – unable

to fund plants and supply needs. 5. Legal problems – suits from disgruntled employees or lenders or patent infringement problems. Sometimes luck will hold and the company will be brought out or recover on its own. This may take several years. Many times the hard reality. (Saghir A. Aslam only explains strategies and formulas that he has been using. He is merely providing information, and NO ADVICE is given. Mr. Aslam does not endorse or recommend any broker, brokerage firm, or any investment at all, or does he suggest that anyone will earn a profit when or if they purchase stocks, bonds or any other investments. All stocks or investment vehicles mentioned are for illustrative purposes only. Mr. Aslam is not an attorney, accountant, real estate broker, stockbroker, investment advisor, or certified financial planner. Mr. Aslam does not have anything for sale)

Syria, Yemen, Indonesia, Egypt and Afghanistan have already been politically divided to different degrees of ethnic conflict by direct as well as covert NATO interventions – and this process is being accelerated by a meticulously organized plan to transform the present day international political system. That is the threat and at the heart of what the Saudis and Bahrainis are feeling – and understandably fearful of. Pakistan’s role at this crucial moment in a fast-changing international political system cannot be of a military nature in its dealings with other Islamic countries. This is a

God-sent opportunity for Pakistan to establish itself as a leading player, as an important actor, in the conciliatory process between different Islamic countries to help in the consolidation of peace and stability in the contemporary international system. The question is: Can the PMLN leadership and its foreign policy managers handle such an ardent as well as arduous task? Will a nuclear Islamic nation rise to its stature? That remains to be seen!

to the nation remains the only declared reason to assume these tasks for both the benefactor and the beneficiary. Honest professionals, dedicated to writing, either are pushed aside since

they do not possess the ‘appropriate talent’ or they emigrate from Pakistan because they cannot afford to write. Or, they lose hope in their skill and settle for another less challenging, yet more

Exchange Rates for Currency Notes* Countries

USA S.Arabia UK Japan Euro UAE

Selling Rs.

Buying Rs.

100.00 26.80 167.15 0.9600 138.30 27.40

100.20 27.00 167.35 0.9700 138.50 27.60

(*April 2, 2014)


system cannot hold its own after the TTP onslaught — political parties and the local and provincial government systems must upend that decaying structure. The political parties, however, ought to help determine what the people of the seven tribal Agencies want. The reform task, as arduous as it is, will become perilous if the denizens of FATA feel that a party, province or the federation is imposing the solution. A major issue attached to the re-

form in FATA is the status of the Durand Line and a Pashtun nationalistirredentist sentiment that, though on the ropes, still exists. Candidates in Afghanistan’s upcoming presidential elections have danced around the status of the Durand Line. Until a permanent solution can be found to the border issue, Afghanistan could consider adopting something similar to the China/Taiwan policy or the former West Germany’s Neue Ostpolitik (New East policy) that in essence meant a détente without

dropping the mainland’s revanchist claims. This is one area where the Pashtun nationalist outfits, the Awami National Party and the Pashtunkhwa Milli Awami Party can play a huge role. These two parties have effectively accepted a two-state solution for the Pashtuns; the least they can do now is defend the constitutional rights of the people they claim to represent within the federation lest the state codifies the status of the federally abandoned tribal areas as such.


For Pakistan, Bangla Desh & India Compiled by: Hasan Chishti


1st Unmarried sons & daughters of U.S. Citizens

Feb., 22, 2007

2-A Spouses and unmarried children of permanent residents

Sept., 8, 2013

Sept., 8, 2013

2-B Unmarried sons & daughters (21 years of age or older) of permanent residents

Oct., 22, 2006

Oct., 22, 2006

July 15, 2003

July 15, 2003

Nov, 22, 2001

Nov., 22 , 2001

1st Priority workers



2nd Members of the professions holding advanced degree or persons of exceptional ability


Nov. 15, 2004

3rd Skilled workers Other workers

Oct., 1, 2012 Oct. 1, 2012

Sept, 15, 2003 Sept. 15, 2003

4th Certain special immigrants Certain religious workers

Current Current

Current Current




were only two ‘basic principles’ in this founding document (as contained in the third and fourth paragraphs). First, independence – whether of a single or multiple states; whether within or outside of a federation – of the Muslim nation. Indeed, this principle of ‘nationhood’ – and a total rejection of wanting to be seen as a religious or communal minority – was the centerpiece of Jinnah’s long and powerful presidential address on March 22, 1940; exactly 74 years ago, today. Stanley Wolpert has described the speech as “truly a stellar performance, worthy of the lead role he alone could command” and the Times of India reported that “such was the dominance of his personality that, despite the improbability of more than a fraction of his audience understanding English, he held his hearers and played with palpable effects on their emotions.” However, it is not his style but

the substance of what he said that is of import today: the rejection of a communal minority status and the demand for nationhood: “The Musalmans are not a minority. The Musalmans are a nation by any definition. The problem in India is not of an inter-communal but manifestly international character, and it must be treated as such… the only course open to us all is to allow the major nations separate homelands.” The second principle – an emphasis on minority rights – may surprise the modern Pakistani reader of the resolution but flowed directly from the first even though it was more difficult to reconcile. Historian Ayesha Jalal explains these “contradictions between Muslim interests in majority and minority provinces” at length in her very elegant analysis (The Sole Spokesman, 1985). Indeed, the resolution did not fully reconcile this contradiction and history went on to play its hand as it did. But let us return now to 2014.

Reading the text today, one finds an implied promise our founding fathers had made on our behalf: that the rights of minorities would be safeguarded. They were concerned, quite clearly, about the rights of Muslims in what would eventually become India, but in reaction to that concern they had explicitly made a promise in this founding document about the rights of non-Muslims in what is now Pakistan. It is a promise that remains unfulfilled. So, what was it that our founding fathers were thinking of as they met in Lahore 74 years ago? A desire for independence so that our sense of nationhood could flourish. And an attention of the rights of minorities as only those who have been minorities themselves can appreciate. Divided, torn, scarred, untrusting, angered and gnawing at each other as we are today, maybe we should be thinking of the very same things again.


Feb., 22, 2007



Pakistan/Bangla Desh

Married sons & daughters of U.S. citizens

4th Brothers & sisters of adult U.S citizens EMPLOYMENT BASED CATEGORY

5th Employment creation Targeted Employment Areas/ Regional Centers and Pilot Programs UNLIMITED FAMILY-BASED

Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizens (IR): The spouse, widow(er) and unmarried children under 21 of a U.S. citizen, and the parent of a U.S. citizen who is 21 or older. Returning Residents (SB): Immigrants who lived in the United States previously as lawful permanent residents and are returning to live in the U.S. after a temporary visit of more than one year abroad.



Al-Fatihah: The Prayer and the Message

n By Dr Muzammil H. Siddiqi

Gems from the Holy Qur’an

(Khutbah at ISOC – Dhul Qi’dah 1, 1421/ January 26, 2001)

From the translation by Muhammad Asad (Leopold Weiss)

n the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

(Recently, a media talk show host, well known for his anti-Muslim bias, saw it fit to make scornful remarks against the Qur’an on TV. In these columns, selections from this Holy Book will be published, so that unacquainted readers of the Pakistan Link may be able to judge for themselves. Translator’s notes will be added and identified where necessary.)


Praise belong to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. 2. Most Gracious, Most Merciful. 3. Master of the Day of Judgment. 4. It is You we worship, and it is You we ask for help, 5. Guide us to the straight path, 6. The path of those you have blessed. 7.Those who incurred no anger, and who have not gone astray. (alFatihah 1:1-7) Surah al-Fatihah is the first Surah of the Qur’an. According to most of the authorities this was the first Surah that was revealed to Prophet Muhammad – peace be upon him - when he was in Makkah. Before this he received some verses of Surah al-‘Alaq, Surah al-Muzammil and Surah al-Muddathir, but as a complete Surah, al-Fatihah was the first one. The word al-Fatihah means “opener”. So this Surah is the opener of the Qur’an. It has seven verses that are repeated by every Muslim many times during the course of his/her daily prayers. Thus the Surah is also called the “al-Sab’ al-Mathani” (al-Hijr 15:87) that is “the Seven Oft-repeated.” This Surah has many other names: Umm al-Qur’an (the Essence of the Qur’an), Al-Asas (the Foundation), Al-Shafiyah (the Healer), Al-Kafiyah (the Sufficient) etc. In Al-Bukhari it is mentioned that the Prophet – peace be upon him - said that this was “the greatest Surah in the Qur’an.” (al-Bukhari 4114) It is also reported: Ubayy ibn Ka’b reported that the Prophet – peace be upon him - said, “Allah did not reveal in the Torah, nor Injil like Umm alQur’an and this is the Seven Oftrepeated and it is (the one about which Allah said) ‘it is divided between Me and My servant and for My servant is whatever he asks.’ (al-Tirmidhi 3050) Surah al-Fatihah is both a prayer and a full introduction to

the message of the Qur’an. As a prayer it contains the praise and glorification of Allah and the human request for Allah’s guidance, direction and blessings. According to a Hadith: Abu Hurairah says, “I heard the Messenger of Allah says, ‘Allah says, I have divided the prayer between Me and My servant in two halves and for My servant is whatever He asks for. When the Servant says, ‘Praise be to Allah the Lord of the worlds,’ Allah says, ‘My servant has thanked Me.’ When he says,’ the Most Merciful, the Most Compassionate’ Allah says, ‘My servant has praised Me.’ When he says, ‘Master of the Day of Judgment’ Allah says, ‘My servant has glorified Me.’ And He says, “My servant has submitted to Me.’ When he says, ‘You we worship and You we ask for help.’ Allah says, ‘This is between Me and My servant and for My servant is whatever he asks.’ When he says, ‘Guide us to the straight path…’ Allah says, ‘This is for My servant and for My servant is whatever he asks.’

After this introduction comes the whole Qur’an. Al-Fatihah is the prayer and the Qur’an is the answer to our prayers. AlFatihah is the introduction to the Qur’an and then we have the whole Qur’an

(Muslim 598) As an introduction to the Qur’an it contains all the basic principles that are given in detail in the Qur’an. It tells us that we are surrounded by Allah’s grace and favors. He is the Source of all love Up to $400 for Home Warranty and mercy. We should be thankful to Him. Our life is not permanent. We shall die one day and He will judge us. He alone is the Master of that Day. We must worship Him and Him alone. We must seek His help and He has all the power to give

us whatever we need. It reminds that Allah is the only one who can really guide to the straight path. It calls for righteous actions in this life. It speaks about life after death and of the consequences of human action and behavior. It tells that the true guidance comes through God’s Prophets and Messengers. They were the people who were truly guided and they received Allah’s grace and mercy. Those who turned away from that path were those who went astray and they incurred the wrath of God and His punishment. The Surah tells us: 1. The essence of religion is thankfulness to Allah. 2. Allah is the Lord and Sustainer of the whole universe. 3. Allah is very kind, loving and merciful. 4. Allah is also the Judge and He does not tolerate injustice, evil and sin. 5. The Day of Judgment will come. 6. Worship should be only to Allah and all prayerful requests should be directed to Him alone. 7. One should continuously seek Allah’s guidance and remain on the path of truth and righteousness. 8. True righteousness comes when we follow the example of those who were righteous and who were under Allah’s grace: the Prophets, Messengers, and pious and devoted people of Allah. 9. One should always be careful not to make the most Merciful angry with him. 10. One should never ignore the path of guidance and should always be careful not to go astray. After this introduction comes the whole Qur’an. AlFatihah is the prayer and the Qur’an is the answer to our prayers. Al-Fatihah is the introduction to the Qur’an and then we have the whole Qur’an.

Chapter 6, Verses 126-127 And undeviating is thy Sustainer’s way. Clearly, indeed, have we spelled out these messages unto people who fare [are willing to] take them to heart! Theirs shall be an abode of peace with their Sustainer; and He shall be near unto them in result of what they have been doing. Chapter 6, Verses 131 And so it is that thy Sustainer would never destroy a community for its wrongdoing so long as its people are still unaware [of the meaning of right and wrong]: for all shall be judged according to their [conscious] deeds – and thy Sustainer is not unaware of what they do. Chapter 6, Verses 141 For it is He who has brought into being gardens – [both] the cultivated ones and those growing wild – and the date-palm, and fields bearing multiform produce, and the olive tree, and the pomegranate: [all] resembling one another and yet so different! Eat of their fruit when it comes to fruition, and give [unto the poor] their due on harvest day. And do not waste [God’s bounties]: verily, He does not love the wasteful! Chapter 6, Verses 151-152 Say: “Come let me convey unto you what God has [really] forbidden to you: “Do not ascribe divinity, in any way, to aught beside Him; and [do not offend against but, rather,] do good to your parents; and do not kill your children for fear of poverty – [for] it is We who shall provide sustenance for you as well as for them; and do not commit any shameful deeds, be they open or secret; and do not take any human being’s life – [the life] which God has declared to be sacred – otherwise than in [the pursuit of] justice: this has He enjoined upon you so that you might use your reason; and do not touch the substance of an orphan – save to improve it – before he comes of age. And [in all your dealings] give full measure and weight, with equity: [however,] We do not burden any human being with more than he is well able to bear; and when you voice an opinion, be just, even though it be [against] one near of kin. And [always] observe your bond with God: this He has enjoined upon you, so that you might keep it in mind. Chapter 6, Verse 161 Say: “Behold my Sustainer has guided me onto a straight way through an ever-true faith – the way of Abraham, who turned away from all that is fals, and was not of those who ascribe divinity to aught beside Him.” _______________________



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the Haram Sharif Kaaba and the Indian Sikh Lieutenant General Kuldip Singh Brar would have never desecrated Durbar Sahib (Golden Temple) Amritsar by taking his tanks inside to kill Jarnail Singh Bhindranwala. Please, please, say no more about the Pakistan army (armed forces) killing and fighting any particular sect or people. SIRAJULHAQ FROM P11

Some JI officials also admitted that it was a departure from the party’s traditions. “From the time of Maulana Abulala Maududi till Qazi Hussain Ahmed, none of the sitting Ameer was in contest with his successor,” said JI’s Karachi chapter spokesperson Zahid Askari. However, JI’s Sindh chapter Ameer Dr Merajul Huda Siddiqui interpreted it in a different way. “May be the Arakeen honored the sitting Ameer’s desire even though it was turned down by the Shoora,” Huda told The Express Tribune referring to Munawar Hasan’s preelection request that he should not be considered for a second term. Notwithstanding, political observers say that Sirajul Haq’s election provides grounds for optimism in the JI for reviving the party’s ostensibly diminishing political character to the center-right political groups. Sirajul Haq was born in December 1962 in the Samar Bagh area of Lower Dir district. He remained the Nazim-e-Aala of Islami Jamiat-eTalaba, the student wing of JI, from 1988 to 1991. Immensely popular in his constituency and known for his modesty among friends and foes alike, Sirajul Haq has been successful in parliamentary politics unlike his predecessors. He was elected to the Khyber-Pakhtunkhaw Assembly in the 2002 election from the platform of Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal and was made finance minister in the provincial cabinet. However, he resigned in protest against the US drone strike on a Madrassa in the Damadolla area of Bajaur Agency. His party boycotted the 2008 election. In 2013, he again contested on JI’s ticket and was elected to the assembly. Currently, he is a senior minister and minister for finance in the provincial cabinet. ROAD FROM P4

game of political self-preservation where stands rationality? The prime minister’s concern is with the world, which he trots around, grim-faced, making persuasive noises to all that Pakistan, forgetting the horrors and danger that lurk beneath, is flourishing, wallowing in democracy. That’s for the Western democratic lot. On another tack, he and his financial conjurer are busy, in the words of a headline of an editorial, “Leasing out Pakistan.” So the trio that now seemingly controls the nation, with an unusual silence and hands-off stance of the true might of the land, are selling — not its soul, that went long ago — its future as an integral entity of this century. QUADRILATERALS FROM P9

Pakistan may be losing sight of the fact that in a rapidly reordering world, what may matter more is multi-nationalism. The obvious examples of this are the two quadrilateral relations taking shape around Pakistan’s borders. The first of these involve the United States, China, India and Japan; the second, the United States, China, Japan and India. Whatever form these

APRIL 4, 2014 – PAKISTAN LINK – P29 relationship take will have enormous consequences for Pakistan. (The writer is a former caretaker finance minister and served as vice-president at the World Bank) CAIR FROM P20

upcoming Citizenship Clinic scheduled for Saturday, April 12, where specialized legal assistance on completing the naturalization application will be provided. In light of the forthcoming changes to the citizenship application process, which go into effect May 2, we encourage all eligible persons to apply now. For details on the clinic, please call (714) 776-1177 or email the Immigrants’ Rights Department RAHEEL FROM P1

court, which is trying the former army chief. The three-judge special court in its ruling stated that it had no objection if the federal government removes the travel ban on Musharraf for medical treatment. “There is no legal issue left now and it is purely a political decision,” said the official, who asked to remain anonymous because he was not authorized to speak to the media. The official said that Gen Raheel told the prime minister that Musharraf ’s case now ‘should come to a close’. “The sooner the better,” the official said, adding that Musharraf ’s mother was ‘seriously ill’ and he wanted to be with her at the earliest. Another official pointed out that Musharraf had already been indicted and the time had come to ‘move on’. “That is the message the army chief has delivered to the government,” he added. When contacted, the military’s media wing refused to comment on the issue. Insiders are of the view that given the army’s crucial support for government’s peace initiative, it will be extremely difficult for the prime minister to ignore Gen Raheel’s advice about Musharraf. PTI FROM P1

Without naming Chief Minister Pervez Khattak or any other senior leader of the party, Qurban Ali Khan said that incapable people had been inducted into the cabinet and accused them of being involved in irregularities. “Some people are trying to hijack the vision of Chairman Imran Khan,” he said and accused the party’s provincial leadership of having deviated from the PTI’s manifesto. He severely criticized the policies of the KP government and said the party chief had been kept in the dark and he might not be aware of the wrongdoings of provincial leaders. He claimed that he had never tried to become a minister and his associates also were not clamoring for power and position. “We did not join the PTI to become ministers or advisers. Our objective is to protect the party’s interest.” APOLOGY FROM P1

Hussain Bokhari, besides deciding to bring a privilege motion in the senate. However, , the next meeting about safe city project was also not attended by any of the ministry’s officials. Minister of state for interior, Baleegh Ur Rahman, told the senate’s panel, on Tuesday, that the government holds parliament, and its

committees, in high esteem and assured that the ministry’s officials will attend its meetings, regularly. He explained that the interior minister and the secretary interior could not attend the senate body’s meetings due to their hectic engagements, pointing out that the ministry was very busy in talks with the Taliban. Talha Mehmood said that 18 meetings of the committee had adjourned, on the request of the ministry, but a controversial letter had deliberately been written. “The ministry has no right to dictate the Senate body”, he remarked. He said that the interior minister and interior secretary were on an undeclared boycott of the committee’s meetings. The official of the ministry also tendered an apology for writing a controversial letter to the committee. The chairman of the committee conditionally accepted the apology, declaring that it would be linked with the attitude of the officials in future. COMPETITORS FROM P1

vendors closed their businesses, our investment in Pakistan is growing,” the director said. Based in Singapore, Sultan is looking at Commercial Application Business as well as Cloud Strategy for all the ASEAN – a combination of 17 countries including Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan and more developed markets like Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. SAGE-W, he said, reports back to Singapore, the headquarters for the ASEAN region. The database solutions giant has 1,100 customers using different technologies, applications, and middleware. Its major clients include telecom, financial services, manufacturing and related industries – within manufacturing, textile is their biggest sector. “We are focusing a lot on small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) including textile, fast moving consumer goods, retail, insurance and tier two financial services,” Sultan said, adding the company was looking at major projects in utility reforms, tax reforms, e-governance projects, financial modernizations in financial services, and cloud application strategy for all of these sectors. “In future, I won’t be surprised to see Pakistan as one of the fastest growing markets for adopting cloud t e c h n o l o g y,” Sultan said. “It makes sense for them [Pakistan] to go to cloud especially when they have scarcity of resources,” he said. “Cloud is going to be one of the biggest enablers for emerging markets like Pakistan,” Sultan said. With the adoption of cloud technology, customers could bring in best practices adopted by Fortune 500 companies, which means companies in Faisala-

bad would be using the same applications as those in the US and the UK. Many companies in Pakistan already have cloud as part of their strategy but the adoption rate is slow, according to Sultan. He further said the country would soon adopt cloud technology. “Pakistan’s biggest challenge is connectivity across the country, however, we see an opportunity if 3G is coming in, and we see that with 3G the data on mobile devices will be very high and that’s where it enables these applications to be used in the right way,” Sultan said. The future is very promising for Pakistan, he said, and 3G would transform business in a much faster way. Oracle is also working with a network of 56 partners and academic institutes to create skilled workforce that can help the implementation of their solutions. The company is exposing students to simulating environments where they are working on live projects through Oracle’s partners in Pakistan. “This is helping us create a pool of talented individuals in the market,” Sultan said. TALIBAN FROM P1

withdraw the army from part of the semi-autonomous tribal areas along the border with Afghanistan. “We gave this list and names of our civilian prisoners as a test case and wanted to see if the government was serious,” one commander said. “But we felt that the government is either powerless or not serious in talks.” Ibrahim Khan, a Jamaat-iIslami (JI) leader representing the Taliban in the talks, said they had presented their demands on March 29 but had received no answer from the government. He did not know if talks would continue without a ceasefire. Taliban spokesman Shahid accused the government of continuing to kill Taliban during the ceasefire, especially in Karachi, the country’s largest city. Taliban commander Omar Khalid Khurasani, from the northern Mohmand region on the other hand said that attacks would begin again in Pakistan. “There would be more attacks in which common people suffer as the government isn’t sincere in peace talks,” he told Reuters. ECL FROM P1

to the UAE to see his ailing mother and get treatment for his own heart ail-

ment. A party source privy to an intense meeting of the PML-N’s top leadership held at the Prime Minister Office on Tuesday to discuss the issue told Dawn that only a few were in favour of lifting the travel ban on the former army chief, who was indicted by the Special Court on Monday for high treason. The media wing of the PM Office remained silent over the meeting, which was presided over by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. It was attended, among others, by Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan, Defence Minister Khwaja Asif, Petroleum Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, Minister for States and Frontier Region retired Lt Gen Abdul Qadir Baloch, Information Minister Pervez Rashid, Sardar Mehtab Abbasi and special assistant to the prime minister, Irfan Siddiqui. According to the source, the meeting lasted about three hours and witnessed some cogent arguments. The prime minister remained tight-lipped throughout the huddle and patiently listened to his party’s senior colleagues. He exhorted the participants to speak their mind over the issue. Although in minority, the ones who spoke in favor of accepting Mr Musharraf ’s application seeking removal of his name from the exit control list (ECL) argued that after his formal indictment, the first in country’s history, the PML-N had achieved its stated goal of putting the dictator on trial and now allowing him to see his ailing mother would further bring good name to the party. “Our plate is already full of pressing issues such as militancy, energy crisis and a fragile economy. Therefore, it’s better to pay full attention to them instead of getting bogged down in the trial of Musharraf,” the source quoted a party leader as saying. After the Special Court put the ball in the government’s court “we should give Gen Musharraf relief on pure humanitarian ground and take due credit for that”, the leader added. And the ones who were in majority and against the lifting of travel ban said the party since October 12, 1999, when the former army chief toppled the PML-N government in a coup, had waited for this moment and, hence should firmly stick to it. “Even if we allow him to travel abroad to be with his mother on pure compassionate ground, opposition parties will cry hoarse against us for not standing our ground. Some even will accuse the government of giving him permission under some foreign pressure,” the PML-N source quoted a minister as saying.



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yaaray Afzal' has taken yet another turn. Afzal longs for Farah so much so that his love has pushed him back to being the spoiled gambler he was. He sent his parents to Farah's house only to discover that the lady he dreams of thinks very lowly of him. On top of that, he was publically humiliated by Farah and was left speechless after finding out what she actually thinks of him. The highlight of this drama was how Arifa spat venom after finding out how Farah had treated Afzal. Listening to her speaking to Lubna was like listening to a real life conversation between two enemies. Arifa made it clear that she was not afraid of anyone and would not spare anyone who messed with her family. Arifa is the typical Pakistani protective sister! The case of the curious letters has been solved as well. Arifa's initial suspicion of those anonymous love letters being sent to her brother by Farah was proven wrong the next moment when Farah revealed that she never sent them in the first place. I put this drama in high esteem

for its natural yet impactful dialogues. Kudos to Khalil ur

Rehman for penning such a mesmerising script. Courtesy Mag..




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