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Abu Dhabi Algeria Angola Australia Austria Azerbaijan Belgium Brazil Canada China Colombia Dubai Egypt France Germany Georgia Greece Greenland Indonesia Iran Iraq Italy Kazakhstan Kuwait Libya Netherlands Nigeria Norway Russia Turkey Vietnam Trinidad & Tobago Saudi Arabia South Korea South Africa

White House Senate House of Representatives State Department Department of Defense Department of Energy Department of Interior Department of Justice State legislatures Environmental Protection Agency US Geological Survey National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Bureau of Ocean Energy Management

Freshfields Linklaters

International Financial Institutions

Law Firms US Government

DnB NOR Standard & Poor Arbuthnot Moody’s Fitch UBS Bernstein Research Goldman Sachs Westhouse Securities Charles Stanley Evolution Securities Deutsche Bank Commerzbank Merrill Lynch Salomon Smith Barney Credit Suisse

LAW

Host Governments

Mitsui BNP Paribas JP Morgan Citigroup Société Générale RBS HSBC UBS

Banks

FINANCE GOVERNMENT

European Union

Legal & General M&G Barclays Global Investors Standard Life Kuwait Investment Office Insight INVESCO Norges Bank Aviva Threadneedle Asset Management AXA UBS BlackRock JP Morgan Universities Superannuation Scheme F&C Scottish Widows Standard Life Fidelity Local Authorities Pension Fund

Institutional Investors

London-based UK Government

Prime Minister’s Office House of Commons House of Lords HM Treasury Foreign & Commonwealth Office Ministry of Defence Department of Energy & Climate Change Department for Business, Innovation & Skills Department for International Development Export Credit Guarantee Department UK Trade and Investment MI6 Mayor of London British Geological Survey

INTERNATIONAL OIL COMPANIES BP & Shell

Cambridge University Imperial College Aberdeen University Princeton University Stanford University Warwick University Robert Gordon University

Universities & Research Institutes

Lobby Groups

EXTERNAL AFFAIRS

CBI Institute of Directors Business Roundtable European Round Table of Industrialists American Petroleum Institute Oil & Gas UK IPIECA

Business Allies

INDUSTRY

Cultural Institutions Media

NGOs PR Firms Wetlands International CARE International International Alert Birdlife International Save The Children

THE CARBON WEB www.platformlondon.org

International Legal Bodies

Arbitration Tribunals

EXIM OPIC EBRD SACE JBIC World Bank / IFC

World Trade Organisation European Court of Justice UN Convention on the Law of the Sea International Law Commission UN Framework Convention on Climate Change

Analysts

DG External Relations DG Trade DG Energy DG Enterprise & Industry DG Environment

Tate British Museum Royal Opera House National Portrait Gallery National Gallery National Theatre South Bank Centre Science Museum Natural History Museum National Maritime Museum Almedia Theatre 2012 Olympics - Cultural Olympiad

Chambers of Commerce Stockholm Arbitration International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes

Fishburne Hedges Ogilvy & Mather Brunswick

BBC ITN Financial Times Wall Street Journal Dow Jones Bloomberg CNN CBS Reuters Guardian The Times The Independent Observer Economist Evening Standard Metro City AM

Exploration Companies

Oil Services Environmental Consultants ERM RPS Energy WorleyParsons

Royal & Sun Alliance Vodafone WPP

Tullow Heritage Talisman Cairn

Maersk Haliburton Schlumberger Transocean Nalco P&O Mitsui Det Norkse Veritas Cameron

Extraction operations by international oil & gas companies rely on support from a web of institutions & companies, including banks, universities, government departments and cultural institutions that provide financing & technology as well as public relations, political & legal assistance. These services enable BP & Shell to function and to extract & sell oil & gas, all of which can lead to human rights violations and increased ecological destruction. Because the oil companies are dependent on these external institutions, they provide levers for human rights defenders, ecological activists and social movements to challenge the industry’s practices. All the institutions and companies listed on this diagram have played a role in the Carbon Web since 2005 and all but a handful continue to do so.

Profile for Platform London

Platform - The Carbon Web  

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