Page 1

June 2013


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Having led the way with high-quality digital-only magazines for the global plastics industry, AMI is now also making its titles available free-ofcharge on the iPad, iPhone and a wide range of Android-based smartphones and tablet computers. The dedicated apps for Compounding World magazine are now ready to download from Apple’s App Store and iTunes or from the Google Play Store. Just search for ‘AMI Plastics’. Current and past copies are available free-of-charge and new issues will be added to the apps as soon as they’re published. If you are using Apple’s latest iOS 5 operating system, then the magazines will appear in your Newsstand and new editions will be added automatically if you sign up for our free subscription. The Compounding World app is sponsored by Leistritz, a leading supplier of twin-screw extruders.

ANDROID VERSIONS NOW AVAILABLE CHECK OUT OUR OTHER FREE APPS: AMI has also launched free apps for its three other digital magazines – Injection World, Pipe and Profile Extrusion and Film and Sheet Extrusion. Plus there’s an additional AMI Conferences app featuring brochures for our forthcoming events. Simply search for ‘AMI Plastics’ in iTunes, Apple’s App Store or the Google Play Store.

contents PAGE 17

05 Industry news The latest compounding industry news including international acquisitions and alliances, plus new investments and plant openings.

17 Building a stable future Pat Toensmeier reports on how enhancements to performance and sustainability


are expanding options in PVC stabilizers.

25 Compounding opens up biopolymer opportunities Peter Mapleston reports on how additives suppliers and compounders are helping to take bioplastics into higher performance applications.


43 Withstanding the weather Efforts are underway to speed up weatherability tests without compromising the relevance of their results. Pat Toensmeier reports.

53 Recycled PP proves up to scratch Chris Smith looks at how Luxus worked closely with Milliken and Nissan to


develop a high recycled content PP for Class A interior parts.

58 Meet the team Learn more about the team of people who write, edit and design your monthly edition of Compounding World magazine.


61 New products: polymers and additives 70 Compounder of the month: Gabriel-Chemie 72 Dates for your diary

coming next issue ❙ Anti-microbials ❙ Understanding and monitoring colour ❙ Melt filtration ➤ Click here to make sure you get your copy

contact us Applied Market Information Ltd AMI House, 45-47 Stokes Croft, Bristol, BS1 3QP, United Kingdom Tel:+44 (0)117 924 9442 Fax:+44 (0)117 989 2128

Head of business publishing: Senior editor: Contributing editor: Designer: Advertisement manager:

Andy Beevers Chris Smith Jennifer Markarian Nicola Crane Claire Bishop

E-mail: E-mail: E-mail: E-mail: Direct tel: +44 (0)20 8686 8139

© Copyright Applied Market Information. No part may be reproduced without the prior written permission of the publisher.




So.f.ter to open its first US compounding plant

Clariant leads REACH registrations

So.f.ter of Italy is to build a

23,000 m2 facility with a

Clariant has registered 255

new compounding plant in

capacity of more than 68,000

Lebanon, Tennessee, USA. It is

tonnes/year and over 150

appointed managing director

substances under Phase 2

investing €8.8 million in the


of the new US operation. He

of the European Union’s

Mark Rodden has been

different chemical

has more than 15 years of

REACH chemicals

polypropylene, polyamide and

constructed this year, will be

managerial experience in

legislation. They include

thermoplastic elastomers.

So.f.ter’s first production

plastics compounding.

155 dossiers submitted as

facility which will compound

The initial 9,300 m2 plant on

The plant, which is being

Mexico and Brazil.”

facility in the USA. Riccardo

Target markets for the new

the lead registrant,

the 21 acre site will have a

Meucci, the group’s

plant include the automotive,

representing 5.3% of all

production capacity of 23,000

commercial director said: “The

appliance, construction and

substances registered for

tonnes/year and it will employ

US operation completes our

electrical sectors.

the first time in this second

around 50 people. So.f.ter says

presence in the Americas and

Headquartered in Forli,

that its ultimate plan is for a

complements our presence in

Italy, So.f.ter had a turnover of

phase. During the first phase,

€250 million in 2012. It has

completed back in

expanded in Europe in recent

November 2010, Clariant

years through the acquisition

registered a total of 152

of Matrixx Europe in 2008 and

chemicals used in quantities

P Group in 2011, and it now

of more than 1,000 tonnes/

claims to be one of the three

year. The second phase

largest independent

covers chemical substances

compounders in Europe. It

that are produced or

opened its plants in Brazil and

imported in EU countries in

Mexico in 2005 and 2006

volumes from 100 to 1,000





Woodforce technology launched in America Christophe Chambonnet,

comparable to those achieved

The cubes contain “real

global manager for Woodforce.

with 20% glass fibres. Tensile

fibre reinforcements for

fibres” with a high aspect ratio

The company says that a

and flexural strength are also

plastics compounds in the

for reinforcing plastics, as

30% loading of Woodforce in

increased to about 80% of the

North American market. It

opposed to wood flour that

PP gives increases in tensile

values achieved with glass.

follows the signing of an

acts as a filler, according to

and flexural modulus that are

The density of wood fibres is

Sonae Industries is now selling its Woodforce engineered wood

feeding into extruders.

extended licence agreement

less than that of glass fibres

for the innovative technology

(around 1.4 compared to 2.4)

with Crown Research Institute

leading to lighter products,

Scion of New Zealand.

while Woodforce also offers

The first Woodforce

environmental benefits.

production plant is in Le

● Christophe Chambonnet will

Creusat, France, and it has a

give a presentation on the

capacity of 130,000 tonnes/

Woodforce technology at the

year. The densified wood fibres

forthcoming Compounding

are supplied in easy-to-handle

World Forum 2013. Details at

dice-like cubes that minimise

dust content and simplify





Milliken files clarifier lawsuits regarding this chemistry expired in

Milliken has announced that it has filed several lawsuits to protect the

May of this year. However, Milliken

intellectual property (IP) of its

says that it still owns patents covering 3,4- DMDBS in a variety of end-use

Millad clarifying agents. The

applications and blend solutions, as well

company said that it is taking action

as owning several issued and pending

against several Asian companies that it believes have infringed one or more of

patents around the aesthetic enhancement

its patents through the sale of competitive

package in clarifiers and nucleators. In a special feature on clarifying agents

3,4 DMDBS products. “Our customers need to be aware of this IP infringement,” said Wim Van de

Milliken says it will vigorously protect its clarifying agent patents

corporate policy to vigorously protect and defend the intellectual property underlying

Sabic opens Jubail plants

Japan Chemical, was planning to launch a

its innovative products.” The 3,4 DMDBS chemistry is used in ‘third generation’ clarifiers. Some patents


RTP, the global thermoplastics compounder, has launched a new Engineered Sheet Products division. It has installed three sheet extrusion lines in a standalone

has opened its new

10,000 ft2 (930 m2) facility in Winona, Minnesota, USA,

compounding plants for

which is also home to its headquarters. It is manufacturing sheet materials up to 0.25” (6.4

and polypropylene at Jubail

mm) thick and 56” (1.4 m) wide, based on a range of

in Saudi Arabia.

resins including ABS, PMMA, PEEK, PETG, PC and PP.

The new facilities will

clarifier for PP based on 3,4 DMDBS.

RTP launches sheet business

Sabic Specialty Chemicals

engineering thermoplastics, we reported that RiKA International, a subsidiary of New

Velde, global Millad product line manager at Milliken. “Our actions reflect Milliken’s

in last month’s Compounding World (see

Using its in-house compounding expertise, it can

serve customers in the

provide sheet materials with combinations of special

Middle East, Africa, Turkey

properties including anti-static, flame-retardant,

and India.

light-diffusing, fibre-reinforced and glow-in-the-dark.



Albermarle forms Chinese ATH joint venture Albemarle of the USA and

Production at the new

Troy DeSoto, Albemarle’s

smoke suppressant used in a

Senze Meilu of China have

facility is expected to begin in

global vice president for flame

variety of polyolefin resins.

signed an agreement to

mid-2015. Albemarle will be

retardants said: “This venture

The largest, fastest growing

establish a joint venture in

the majority stakeholder and

will advance our position in the

application for the product is in

Lvliang, Shanxi, China. It will

will market Martinal on behalf

fastest growing segments of

low-smoke wire and cable

build and operate a 50,000

of the joint venture in the

the wire and cable markets in

applications within the energy

tonnes/year plant to

high-growth Asia-Pacific and

Asia and India, and will


manufacture Martinal fine

Indian markets. Senze has

complement Albemarle’s

precipitated alumina trihydrate

world-scale bauxite and

existing world scale production

used in PVC, thermosets,

(ATH) flame retardants based

alumina production

facility in Bergheim, Germany”.

engineering thermoplastics,

on Albemarle’s proprietary

capabilities ensuring that the

technology. This is principally

plant will be back integrated

trihydrate is an environ-

electrical, construction and

used in wire and cable

into the raw materials required

mentally-friendly, mineral-

transportation applications.


for efficient ATH production.

based flame retardant and




Fine precipitated alumina

The additive can also be

and rubber in a variety of


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Ferro backs dibenzoate plasticizers

Coperion builds modular line in Shanghai for Hexpol

Ferro is adding 28,000

Coperion has added a

from Coperion’s factory in

tonnes of production

new 2,000 m² facility for

Nanjing, China.

capacity for dibenzoate-

assembling modular

based plasticizers at its

compounding lines at its

decision to select a

plant in Antwerp, Belgium.

production site in

modular line from

The new capacity for the

Shanghai, China. It says

Coperion, Hexpol’s

non-phthalate, fast-fusing

that it will help to meet

president of technology,

plasticizers is expected to

the increasing demand

Carsten Rüter said:

come on stream in the

for modular

“Within an extraordinarily

second half of 2014.

compounding systems in

short period of time we


received a high-

The project includes installation of technologies

Discussing the

performance production

The first modular

to produce benzoic acid,

compounding line to be

line in which the

which will allow backward-

built at the new facility

conveying and

integration into this key raw

has been delivered to a

compounding systems

material at the Antwerp

TPE compounding plant

came from one and the

facility. The dibenzoate

in Foshan, China,

same manufacturer.”

product offerings will

operated by the Hexpol

complement Ferro’s existing

Group of Sweden. This

Santicizer family of benzyl

line is built around a ZSK 82

The modular line assembled

Coperion Machinery &

phthalate plasticizers.

Mc twin-screw extruder with

at Coperion’s new facility

Systems (Shanghai) says that

Ferro operates a

82 mm diameter screws. It has

before delivery to Hexpol

more orders for modular lines


plasticizer application

a maximum output of about

laboratory at its Mont-Saint-

1,800 kg/hour.

Guibert facility in Belgium.

The handling systems for

Andreas Müssle, managing director of

have been received since the Coperion is part of Hillen-

first one for Hexpol, adding:

brand’s Process Equipment

“There is an enormous and


widespread interest in

The dibenzoate project will

the raw and finished products

benefit from this facility

were also designed and

which helps Ferro’s

supplied by Coperion in

production line, Hexpol’s

systems, so we are sure that

customers to optimize their

Shanghai. The integrated

Foshan plant has also installed

our new assembly facility will

PVC formulations.

gravimetric feeding systems

a laboratory compounding line

be fully loaded soon.”


are from K-Tron, which like

based on an STS 35 extruder


In addition to the modular

modularized compounding

Solvay starts PEEK compounding in China Solvay Specialty Polymers has started

healthcare, electronics, oil/gas and

Solvay’s KetaSpire PEEK

to compound its KetaSpire PEEK and

semiconductor markets.

is used in these

AvaSpire PAEK high-performance

“This is an exciting milestone for us

advanced roller

plastics at its Changshu production site

and represents a major commitment by

bearings made by

in China.

Solvay to the local production and

Link Upon in

supply of these ultra polymers for the


The company invested €21 million in its Changshu compounding facility

Chinese market and for the region in

which started production last summer.

general,” said Chris Wilson, senior

Its production scope has now been

vice-president of the ultra-

extended to include PEEK and PAEK

performance materials business line.

formulations for the transportation,





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Schulman to acquire Network A. Schulman has reached an

recorded revenues of US$65.3

president and CEO of

annual savings of

agreement to purchase

million in 2012. The company

Schulman. “Network Polymers

approximately US$4 million

Network Polymers, the US

produces a wide range of

will provide greater penetration

through the new measures.

compounder and distributor of

custom compounds and has

in key markets such as building

The company has also

engineering plastics, for

particular expertise in ASA and

and construction, agricultural

announced that it intends to

approximately US$50 million.

ABS compounds which are

products, and lawn and

sell its rotational moulding

The transaction is anticipated

marketed under the Centrex


compounds business in

to close within the next few

and Diamond Polymer brands.

● In a separate announce-

Australia. The business had

ment, Schulman has said that

revenues of US$25 million in

excellent fit with our ongoing

it plans to restructure its

2012 and its sell-off is

a 72,000 ft2 (6,700 m2)

strategy as we continue to

operations and reduce its

expected to be completed

manufacturing facility in

enhance our niche engineered

headcount in Europe due to the

within six to 12 months.

Akron, Ohio, and employs

plastics business in the US,”

economic climate in the

approximately 70 people. It

said Joseph Gingo, chairman,

region. It is aiming to generate

❙ ❙


“Network Polymers is an

Network Polymers operates

Polykemi secures electronics deal Swedish compounder Polykemi has signed a supply contract with SEWS-CE, a European subsidiary of the Japanese electronics company Sumitomo Wiring Systems (SWS). The contract covers the supply of PBT and PP based compounds for applications including cable connectors and fuse boxes used by leading German car manufacturers.

Kingfa buys into Indian compounder Chinese compounder

“This is an important step in our ongoing development work,

Kingfa has acquired a

both at Polykemi in Ystad [Sweden] and at our subsidiary in

majority stake in Hydro S&S

China,” said Anders Grankvist of Polykemi’s sales

Industries, a producer of

department. “We also have ongoing negotiations with SEWS-

reinforced PP compounds

CE for materials to be used in a number of other products”.

and TPEs based in India.


Hydro S&S has its headquarters in Chennai

Silvergate adds new extruder

and operates three plants located in Pudukottai, Puducherry and Jejuri.

Silvergate has increased its

These have a total capacity

masterbatch capabilities with

of 29,000 tonnes/year, and

Silvergate, the UK masterbatch

the best product delivered in

maker, has invested in a new

the fastest possible time. Our

Leistritz ZSE 27 Maxx twin-

investment in equipment gives

screw extruder for its plant in

higher output and flexibility,

Wrexham, North Wales. The

allowing us to achieve this and

high-torque and high-volume


plastics compounder in

extruder was selected for its

❙ ❙

China and one the largest in

large throughputs and reduced

a new Leistritz ZSE 27 Maxx

primarily supply the automotive industry in India. Kingfa is the largest

the world. It has a total

shear rates and melt

capacity in excess of 1


million tonnes/year and

Tony Bestall, managing

supplies the automotive,

director of Silvergate, said:

appliance, consumer goods

“With 25% of our orders being

and electronics markets

produced on the same day that

with technical compounds

they are received, investing in

as well as masterbatches.

technology is the key to our

❙ ❙

success. Our customers expect




Evonik adds to plasticizer production

Speakers announced for first Compounding World Forum

Evonik has commissioned its

The programme for the first

● Paul Burke, VP of

and value to medical

new plant for the production

Compounding World Forum

manufacturing at Teknor Apex,

compounds with novel

of phthalate-free plasticizers

has been announced by the

will cover the implementation

reinforcements, fillers and

for PVC compounds at its

organisers, Applied Market

of clean compounding


Marl Chemical Park in

Information (AMI) and

operations to meet the needs

Germany. The 40,000 tonnes/

Compounding World magazine. The international conference will feature 21 high-level presentations covering the business and technology of producing technical compounds based on engineering plastics, performance polyolefins and thermoplastic elastomers. Taking place on 10-11 December in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, the event will address business strategies and new materials technologies, as well as providing practical advice on getting the most from compounding lines. Examples include: ● Roger Avakian, VP for scientific development at PolyOne, will discuss growing a profitable formulating and compounding business in a dynamic global economy.

of the medical market.

Forum programme also

● Jeffrey McCoy, manager of

includes senior

marketing and business

representatives from AMI,

development at A. Schulman,

BASF, Century Extrusion,

will give a paper on metal

Chroma, Coperion, Entek, ESK

replacement with technical

Ceramics, Imerys,


KraussMaffei Berstorff,

year plant is producing 1,2-cyclohexane dicarboxylic acid diisononyl ester, which will be sold under the Elatur CH brand name. It shares the same chemistry as BASF’s established Hexamoll DINCH products. Evonik is also developing bio-based plasticizers that it plans to launch under the Elatur brand. Negotiations with cooperation partners are said to be “at the final stage”. Dr Rainer Fretzen, head of Evonik’s Performance Intermediates business line, said: “The expansion of the portfolio with phthalate-free and bio-based plasticizers is an ideal addition to our existing Vestinol product family that has been tried and tested for decades”.


The Compounding World

Leistritz, PlastiComp, Sciessent, SPI, Timcal, and Woodforce/Sonae. Technologies being covered include conductive ● Anis Tebib, automotive

compounds, antimicrobials,

marketing manager at Styron,

medical materials, functional

will present advanced PP

fillers, flame retardants,

developments, including the

anti-counterfeiting additives,

first all-plastic, mono-material

natural fibres, and bioplastics.

automotive tailgate.

● To view the complete

● Jack Leahy, VP of

Compounding World Forum

manufacturing at Techmer PM,

2013 programme, visit

will share insights into his For

company’s implementation of

more information on attending,

sustainable compounding

sponsoring or exhibiting at the


event, contact Kelly Cressman

● Dr Larry Acquarulo, CEO of

at or

Foster Corporation, will

call +1 610 478 0800.

discuss adding functionality


Australia completes phase out of lead in PVC The Vinyl Council of Australia has reported that the signatories to its PVC Product Stewardship Program have completed the phase out of lead-based stabilizers in all product sectors. When the voluntary initiative was launched in 2002, the signatories were using more than 1,000 tonnes of lead in stabilizer compounds, according to Sophi Macmillan, chief executive of the Vinyl Council. “By the end of 2012, the Program signatories had successfully switched from these stabilizers to alternatives that don’t have the environmental and occupational health concerns lead compounds pose,” she added.

❙ 12


100 %


news analysis

Clariant shifts European production eastwards Clariant has just started

Clariant’s new masterbatch plant

construction of its new colour

in Poland will double its

masterbatch plant in

capacity in the country

Konstantynów Łód´zki, in the Łód´z Special Economic Zone, Poland. Scheduled for completion in March 2014, it will double the company’s masterbatch capacity in the country to around 4,000 tonnes/year. plant, plus surplus extruders

Germany and into Ukraine and

laboratories. So this will be a

million (€9.2 million) in the

are being brought in from

the Baltic countries.”

world-class facility – very

new plant, which will replace

western European facilities,

its existing production facility

including the Döbeln plant in

of Clariant’s Masterbatches

located in nearby Zgierz. This

Germany, which was closed

business unit, says: “We don’t

lean manufacture of

was previously run as joint

down last year. The company’s

see Europe as a mature

masterbatch – known as the

venture under the Colex brand

total number of compounding

market. If you look at the

Clariant Production System

until Clariant acquired full

extruders across Europe won’t

growth aspirations of the

– has been developed globally

control of the operation at the

increase as a result of the

plastics industry in the eastern

over the past three years and it

end of 2011.


part of Europe, then it is still

has now been implemented at

attractive for us with 4 or 5%

most of the company’s plants.

It is investing CHF11.3

The purpose-built plant will

Markus Mirgeler, head of

Hans Bohnen, global head

modern and cost optimised”. Clariant’s blueprint for the

It is still very much an

cover an area of approximately

Clariant’s Masterbatches

[annual growth] and if you

6,800 m , with production

business unit in Europe,

include Russia, then it

on-going process, explains

focused on relatively small

explains the reasons behind

becomes even more attractive.

Bohnen. “The beauty of the

batch production and fast

the expansion in Poland:

So there is a clear commit-

programme is that all of our 52

delivery. It will initially house

“There is a growing market in

ment from us that we want to

sites now speak the same

more than 10 compounding

Poland geared towards

invest into eastern Europe.”

language and have the same

lines and there is room for

consumer goods and

future expansion.

packaging, which is our main

upgrading our plant in

a best practice in Chicago, for

focus. Also the location

Nizhnekamsk, Russia, and

example, then I can

provides good access back into

moving extruders from

immediately take this to the

western Europe into that plant.

other 51 sites and they can

All of this is part of our

implement it”.


Masterbatch lines are being transferred from old Zgierz

He adds: “We are also

strategy to capture the growth in eastern Europe. ” Mirgeler explains that the

processes in place. If I identify

Bohnen concludes: “That’s where we have the leverage. Only a few of our competitors

new Polish facility will

are globally active; most of

embrace lessons learned from

them are local, or at best

Clariant’s 52 masterbatch

regional. We have global

production sites worldwide.

coverage and we can benefit

“We looked at the best

from the knowledge that we

practices we have around the

gain in 52 sites, 52 labs, 52 production areas and 52

Hans Bohnen: “We can benefit

Markus Mirgeler: “This will be

world, for example in the

from the knowledge we have

a world-class facility – very

factory material flow, in the

customer service desks.”

in 52 sites”

modern and cost optimised”

mixing area, and also in the




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PVC stabilizers | additives feature

Building a stable future Compounders and suppliers are in a transitional period when it comes to the use of stabilizers for rigid and flexible PVC. Many established stabilizers are under pressure for various reasons, among them environmental and health regulations, potential supply shortages and rising prices. Their replacements are generally effective at controlling thermal degradation, colour loss and other properties, and of course limiting

Pat Toensmeier reports on how enhancements to performance and sustainability are expanding options in the selection of PVC stabilizers

exposure to hazardous materials. Nevertheless, work continues on fine-tuning these alternatives to minimize

for 10% of stabilizer use, or 14,600 tonnes, while Sn was

or eliminate trade-offs in their use.

8%, or 11,900 tonnes. In 2016, use of liquids and Sn will

The choice of substitutes follows regional patterns. In the 27-member European Union (EU), as well as Norway, Switzerland and Turkey, lead-based stabilizers are on the way out for regulatory reasons. According to figures from ESPA (the European Stabiliser Producers Association), lead accounted for 17% of stabilizer consumption in this region in 2012,

drop to, respectively, 9% and 6% of the market, or 14,000 tonnes for liquids and 10,000 tonnes for Sn. The only regions where lead maintains a significant presence, according to figures from Baerlocher, are Asia, the Middle East, Africa and India, mostly in pipe and profiles. Stabilizer consumption in South America generally

equivalent to 23,600 tonnes. By 2016, its use will be only

follows patterns in Europe, with Ca-based chemistries

5%, or 8,000 tonnes, according to ESPA forecasts. These

holding a commanding share in pipe, profiles and cable,

figures were presented by Ettore Nanni, the

according to figures from Reagens. Sn and liquid

Association’s president and CEO of Reagens, at AMI’s

stabilizers have equal shares of the film market, with

PVC Formulation 2013 conference earlier this year. To

Ca-based versions accounting for a smaller percentage.

demonstrate how rapidly demand has shifted, lead

Lead is still used in some rigid applications, but at

stabilizers were a 130,000 tonnes/year market in 15

roughly half the level of Ca-based stabilizers in profiles

European nations as recently as 2000.

and less than one-third their share in pipe.

In its place, gains are being made by an assortment of

In North America, organotin stabilizers have the

calcium (Ca) based stabilizers. These accounted for 65%

dominant share in pipe and profiles and a good part of

of 2012 consumption, or 91,600 tonnes, and will increase

the film market. The cable market almost entirely uses

to 80%, or 130,000 tonnes, in 2016, according to ESPA.

Ca-based stabilizers, and applications are growing in

Two other key stabilizers, liquid mixed metals,

pipe, profiles and film.

mostly barium/zinc (Ba/Zn) and Ca/Zn, and tin (Sn) are

But even this may change. At AMI’s Profiles 2013

declining more slowly in use. In 2012, liquids accounted

conference in Philadelphia in June, Luis Cruz and Ben



additives feature | PVC stabilizers


European consumption of stabilizers in 2012 and predicted split for 2016

Liquid 10%


Tin 8%

Liquid 9%

Tin 6%

Lead 5%

Lead 17%

CA-based 65%

CA-based 80%

Source: ESPA based on EU27 countries plus Norway, Switzerland and Turkey

Labovitz of AM Stabilizers noted that while organotins

that tests by AM Stabilizers show that Ca/Zn powders

are the dominant thermal stabilizers for rigid PVC in

achieve thermal stability and colour hold (this last aided

North America, the use of Ca/Zn and non-metallics are

by use of a colour booster), but implied there is still

viable options.

work to be done in fine-tuning formulations. They

Environmental regulations – either from or inspired

for initial colour …” and that extreme temperatures and

Authorization and Restrictions of Chemicals) legislation

high shear in high-speed extrusion can degrade the

– may also drive replacement activity, owing in part to


toxicity concerns, Cruz and Labovitz said. Regulation is, in fact, having an impact on Sn supply.

Disruption in the supply of conventional stabilizers or in their use could further open the door to an

Tin solder (used mostly in electronics) is the fastest-

evolving class of materials – organic stabilizers. These

growing and largest end-use market for the material,

have been commercially available since around 2000,

accounting for 52% of global demand as it replaces lead

with initial development primarily in Asia and Europe.

solder for environmental reasons, according to figures from Akcros Chemicals. But there is also the rising cost of Sn, which could

Their chief benefit, according to producers, is that they contain no environmentally suspect materials and, with some reformulation of PVC compounds, are an

price the metal out of some PVC applications, at least at

effective alternative to conventional stabilizers with few

conventional loadings and in typical constructions. On

– some claim no – trade-offs in performance and cost.

9 May, for example, tin was trading at $20,750/tonne on

Organics are also said to have greater resistance to

the London Metal Exchange. This was a sizeable decline

high temperature and shear in processing than Ca/Zn

from $23,000/tonne on 9 April, but just over twice the

stabilizers, primarily as a result of their ability to

price on 1 January 2007. In February 2011, tin peaked at

suppress PVC crosslinking, and they can reportedly be

around $33,000/tonne.

recycled multiple times with only minor effects on heat

Moreover, the mass fraction of tin in the Earth’s crust is low, which suggests that mining shortfalls are possible. As it is, most tin mining takes place in

stability, since they don’t typically interact with other stabilizers. Some suppliers have added organics to their

countries that could reduce supply for a variety of

stabilizer lines. One such is Galata Chemicals, which

reasons, such as higher prices, political instability, or to

was formed in 2010 after the sale of Chemtura’s PVC

give their own companies a cost advantage in global

additives business to Artek Aterian Holdings, a

competition. There is also the ever-present threat of

partnership between Artek Surfin Chemicals of India

mine closures, as has happened in China, Bolivia and

and Aterian Investment Partners of New York City.

Indonesia. China has the largest share of tin production

Galata offers at least three organics for flexible

at 35%, Cruz and Labovitz noted, followed by Indonesia

applications: Mark OBS 1360, Mark OBS 2302 and Mark

with 25%, Peru at 17%, Brazil with 6% and Bolivia 5%.

OBS 2305.

Cruz and Labovitz stated in their presentation that

Another supplier is Baerlocher, whose Baeropan

Ca/Zn powders are “a potential alternative to

one-pack stabilizers for rigid and flexible PVC include

organotins in rigid PVC applications.” The pair reported

Ca-organic formulations.



observed that “tin stabilizers set a very high standard

by Europe’s REACH (Registration, Evaluation,

additives feature | PVC stabilizers

Teknor Apex

A compounder that plans to commercialize a line of

will add PVC

rigid PVC grades with organic stabilizers this year is

grades for rigid

Teknor Apex. Michael Renzi, business development

profiles with an

manager of the company’s Vinyl Division, says that the

organic heat

organics are being used in place of Sn stabilizers. “We

stabilizer this

have a robust line that is ready to launch,” he remarks.


Renzi, like most suppliers, declines to disclose the chemistry of the organic stabilizer. Scientific papers published in the past decade, however, have identified some materials that were evaluated as thermal stabilizers. Researchers’ findings provide insight into these materials as well as how they work. One paper, published in 2007 by Peng Liu and others at the Guangzhou Institute of Chemistry in China, discussed materials known as hydroxylbenzylthioethers, which were found to be more effective than Ca/Zn soap and methyltin at heat stabilization, due to their prevention of polyene sequences in PVC, which cause thermal degradation. The materials have slightly lower glass-transition temperatures than conventional PVC,

available for licensing through the Edison Polymer

but stabilization was found to improve from the synergy

Innovation of Ohio. Starnes worked with organic thiol

of using them with epoxidized soybean oil.

compounds based on pentaerythritol and

Another paper, published in 2011 by M.W. Sabaa and

dipentaerythritol. Patent documents state that the

other researchers at Cairo University, examined the

material needs at least one sulphydryl group (and

use of pyrazolodithiones, which are nitrogen-containing

ideally multiple such groups) as well as at least one

compounds, as stabilizers and co-stabilizers. The team

non-thiol-containing group.

found that these were effective owing to their ability to

The stabilizer has dual functionality. At relatively

replace labile chlorine atoms on the polymer chains of

high loadings, 30-35 parts by weight, the material is

PVC with the “more stable moiety” of the organic

effective as a plasticizer as well as a thermal stabilizer.


At low loadings, down to 3 parts by weight, the material

William Starnes, a chemistry professor at the College of William and Mary in Virginia, developed an organic stabilizer technology, which is patented and

is described as providing excellent heat stability in rigid and flexible PVC. The future of organics is open to debate. Some

Montan waxes. Special wax for special plastics. Montan waxes and special wax blends for various applications – made in Germany: •

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Proven for use as a lubricant

Reliable, long-term raw material availability

> More info at

additives feature | PVC stabilizers

suppliers say their short-term potential for use is

colour. To address trade-offs, Anders proposed that

limited, while others believe that over the long term

basic one-pack colourless stabilizers be used as a

they will become viable options.

starting point to improve the production of these

For now, much work is taking place on ways of

with solid inner and outer layers and a foam core, a


Ca-based stabilizer could maintain dark colours, with a

Akcros, for example, has developed three grades of butyl tin UV stabilizers that reportedly provide similar lower cost than its category-leading Akcrostab T-5000B

regions, incrementally in others. Not only are there

butyl tin grade.

shifts in technologies, there are also ongoing changes in the ownership of stabilizer production assets. These

conference in Philadelphia, Gary Sadowski, market

include the formation of the previously mentioned

development and technical service manager for Akcros,

Galata and AM Stabilizers, the latter was established

noted the rise of tin prices and said that the days when

when Mitsubishi and Adeka acquired the Halstab

suppliers and compounders

division from the Hammond Group last year.

contracts based on the

stabilizers with

There is no doubt that the market for PVC stabilizers will change in coming years – significantly in some

received long-term pricing Akcros

colour booster added for light colours.

fusion time and rheology and equivalent weathering at

In a presentation at AMI’s recent Profiles 2013

presented three

applications and help reduce cost. For multilayer pipe,

optimizing the loadings and costs of conventional

amount of tin in stabilizers were over. He proposed the

Another company that has been buying up stabilizer assets is the US-based PMC Group. Earlier this year it completed its second acquisition in less than 12 months of the stabilizers business of a major company. This involved the global methyl tin

reduced tin

development of stabilizers

stabilizers (and solid lubricants) unit of Dow Chemical. The products, marketed as

content at the

with lower tin loadings, yet

recent Profiles

comparable performance,


as the best way to hold the

Advastab, reportedly include organic grades. Last October, PMC announced the acquisition of

line on prices.

Arkema’s organotin and

Akcros has formulated


three grades with substantially less tin than

stabilizers (along with

T-5003B, which is 26% butyl tin.

catalysts and fine chemicals) in the Americas and Europe.

They are: Akcrostab T-5322, with 22% tin (a

The PVC industry may often

15.4% reduction); T-5314, 19% butyl tin (26.9%

be regarded as a mature market,

reduction); and T-5315, 15% butyl tin (42.3% reduction).

but there’s clearly still plenty of

Sadowski said the chemistries of the low-tin alternatives substantially meet the performance levels

action in the supply, technology and regulation of

of T-5003B. For example, the drop-in fusion time and


rheology of T-5322 at 0.75 phr was as low as 3:08 mtf compared with 3:00 mtf for T-5003B at 0.70 phr. The

More information

Brabender degradation time for both grades was within

The proceedings from this year’s PVC Formulation

16 seconds (11:26 for T-5003B at 0.70 phr and 11:10 for

conference can be purchased at

T-5322, also at 0.70 phr). And QUV weathering results

The next PVC Formulation event is being held in

at 5,000 hours were similar for T-5003B (0.70 phr),

Düsseldorf, Germany, on 24-26 February 2014. Details

T-5314 (0.80 phr) and T-5315 (1.0 phr).


Last September, at the Plastic Pipes XVI conference in Barcelona, Udo Anders of Baerlocher identified cost

Click on the links for more information:

as a “critical driver” in the development of global PVC

❙ (ESPA) ❙ ❙ ❙ ❙ ❙ ❙ ❙

pipe applications. Among the proposals he cited to offset this was development of PVC grades with high filler content, extrusion of multilayer pipe with foam cores to reduce material use, and one-pack stabilizers tailored for these applications. High filler levels would, of course, affect processability, along with mechanical properties and 22


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Bioplastics compounding | materials feature

Peter Mapleston reports on how additives suppliers and compounders are helping to take bioplastics into higher performance applications in durable goods

Compounding opens up opportunities for biopolymers Corbion brand). It recently

Biopolymers derived from plants such as

launched a number of

corn/maize and potatoes can have beneficial

tailored PLA blends that are

environmental credentials, but for applications

thermal properties that are less

attention to

meet key performance criteria

reducing the

for specific target applications.


Corbion cites the optical purity

than stellar. Most unmodified polylactic acids, PLA polymers for example, are brittle and easily break during processing or in final use. Polymer makers and compounders are making great

of its D and L Lactide monomers. These lactides, marketed under the result in blends of stereochemically pure PLA homopolymers, which can be compounded in different ways and tailored to the

impressive results. They are modifying the polymers

required properties of the final article. The resulting

themselves, and also working on alloys and blends,

new PLA blends – which can reach operating

sometimes with other biopolymers, sometimes with

temperatures of up to 120°C – were launched to “open

more traditional fossil-based plastics.

up new markets for bioplastic products, including

As a result, applications are opening up, not only in

consumer electronic housings, high-heat packaging,

products where biodegradability is a key requirement,

automotive interior panels, apparel and many more.” Corbion offers blends for injection moulding and

more interested in carbon footprints, and where

extrusion, but says its focus remains on the originating

biodegradability may actually not be wanted at all.

PLLA and PDLA homopolymer resins, available for

Creative compounding with PLA has resulted in increasing performance levels, which sometimes even

compounders wishing to offer their own formulations. Example properties that can be achieved with

exceed the properties exhibited by PP, PS or ABS, for

Corbion’s biobased homopolymer resins are detailed in

example. That’s according to Corbion, the lactide and

Table 1 (see next page).

PLA producer previously known as Purac (its parent

NatureWorks, the biggest manufacturer of PLA, is

company CSM announced earlier this month that it is

taking various routes to improve the properties of the

combing Purac and Caravan Ingredients under the new

polymer. Frank Diodato, global segment lead for

footprint of durable goods

brand name Puralact, are said to

efforts to attend to these deficiencies, with some very

but also in more durable applications where users are


specifically compounded to

beyond relatively simple packaging, they can be let down by mechanical and

Bioplastics producers are



materials feature | Bioplastics compounding


Physical Processing

Blend B Homo PLA: improved modulus

Blend C Homo PLA: impact modified













Melt temp.






Mould temp.






Pre-drying Mechanical

Corbion PLA sample grades Blend A Homo PLA: general purpose






Tensile modulus






Tensile strength






Strain at break







HDT B, 0.45 MPa, flatwise







Charpy notched, 23°C







Table 1:

durables, says that the company has made some

late last year that it had formed a global marketing

Examples of

“exciting” advances in recent months in improving the

cooperation with Altuglas International, a subsidiary of

properties that

thermal and mechanical properties of opaque and

Arkema group that specializes in acrylic resins.

can be achieved

transparent materials.

Altuglas will produce a range of newly formulated high

with Corbion’s

Most commercial grades of PLA, while they can be

performance alloys based on PMMA and Ingeo PLA. The


made to crystallize, do so only very slowly. However, a

new materials will be marketed as Altuglas Rnew (or


NatureWorks grade launched earlier this month – Ingeo

Plexiglas Rnew in the Americas). The primary target

resins. These

HP – crystallizes much more easily (three to five times

market is durable goods applications requiring high

are develop-

faster) and more completely, giving it a higher

performance, durability and clarity.

mental grades

deflection temperature under load.

and all data is

This is because Ingeo HP has a lower content of D

Diodato points out that PLA and PMMA have almost identical refractive indices, which is why the alloys have


isomers. To date, Ingeo grades have had at least 1.5% of

very high clarity. “It’s not quite at the same level as

Corbion does

D isomers, but Ingeo HP has just 0.3%. In general

PMMA, but it is still very good,” he says. He adds that

not produce

terms, the more L isomer there is in PLA, the better is

impact- and chemical-resistance, as well as flow, benefit

these PLA

its crystallisation behaviour. But another general rule is

from synergistic effects between the two polymers. “A


that the higher the L isomer content, the higher the

clear impact-modified acrylic has a notched Izod impact


production cost. “But the price delta with Ingeo HP

strength of around 0.59 J/cm, but with these new alloys

should be modest,” Diodato says.

the figure is at least double that,” he says. Still not as

Ingeo HP also contains a nucleating agent to promote crystallization, as well as an impact modifier. Bio-

NatureWorks has also formed a joint venture with

content is at least 90%. Diodato also notes that overall

BioAmber, a market leader in the commercialization of

system costs can be reduced in many cases using Ingeo

bio-succinic acid. The JV, AmberWorks, is intended to

HP, since it has much better mechanical properties than

bring new high-performance bio-based polymer

the low-end engineering thermoplastics that it is

compositions to market. BioAmber owns PLA/PBS

intended to replace (stiffness as much as 60% greater,

compounding intellectual property. NatureWorks will

for example), so thin-walling should be possible.

commercialize a new family of compounded Ingeo resin

One of the implications of these differences is that

grades, and is already offering samples of

injection moulding cycle times can be reduced, since

developmental thermoforming and injection-moulding

parts can be ejected from the mould earlier than with

grades for food service ware applications.

conventional grades. Diodato adds that there has also been interest from producers of extruded profiles. Compounders using Ingeo HP should be able to

“The new product range enables NatureWorks to broaden its existing product portfolio, allowing for bio-based product solutions in applications that were

produce more competitive materials with higher

previously difficult to address,” said Marc Verbruggen,

productivity and wider processing windows.

president and CEO of NatureWorks, at the time of the

Formulations will be simpler and more cost effective,

launch. “The properties of PLA and PBS are

and they will have higher bio-content, Diodato claims.

complementary and making Ingeo compounds using

On the clear plastics front, NatureWorks announced 26

good as polycarbonate, but on the way.


both materials will result in a broad and attractive

materials feature | Bioplastics compounding

“Standard impact modifiers are not compostable, but PHAs are,” Engle notes. “Because PHA has a low glass transition temperature, we can bring some softness as well as toughness to PLA, which will help it get into the film market.” Metabolix is working with customers on developments of blends of PLA and PHA for various applications, including coatings as well as film. Engle expects first sales this year.

Absorbing the impact Impact properties of PLA can be improved in other ways. DuPont says that adding 1 to 5% of its Biomax Strong to PLA makes it much tougher, “opening up the possibility of using thinner, lighter PLA packaging, and NatureWorks says that compounds of PLA and PBS have the potential to span a range of mechanical properties

increasing productivity in making thermoformed packages by allowing easier and cleaner trimming from the forming web.” The addition of 2 to 5% Biomax

property profile for a number of different applications.” The properties of PLA can also be improved by modification with polyhydroxyalkanoates, or PHAs, of

Strong can also save up to 30% on power consumption in PLA extrusion. Biomax Strong is a petroleum-based ethylene

which poly3-hydroxybutyrate, PHB, is the most

copolymer, but DuPont says that it helps the adoption of

well-known. These are aliphatic polyesters that can be

PLA packaging by improving properties without

produced by many types of microorganisms. Metabolix

sacrificing product clarity. Carol VanZoeren, technology

is the leader in PHA production technology. “We have

manager at DuPont Packaging and Industrial Polymers,

the capability of producing different polymer

says that the company is seeing increased interest in its

structures,” says Robert Engle, the company’s vice

modifiers, “to achieve performance with a compound

president, business and commercial development for

that has a reduced environmental footprint, compared

biopolymers. “We can go from PHB homopolymer up to

to the conventional alternative.”

a range of copolymer structures. This gives us a lot of freedom to do different things.” Engle says some Metabolix customers have used its

HallStar has developed Hallgreen renewable esters for use in PLA, PHA, starch-based and other biopolymers. Kimberly Stefanisin, senior scientist at the

Mirel materials to raise PLA’s deflection temperature

company, says that they improve processing by reducing

under load. “If you have a thermoforming application

melt viscosity and temperature, as well as reducing

and the sealing temperature is too close to the

energy consumption. They also reduce brittleness,

softening point, then you get stability issues,” he notes.

improve impact resistance, and improve extruder flow

PHA, which has a higher melting point than PLA, can

rates and throughputs.

increase the difference between the two temperatures,

The latest addition to the range, Hallgreen R-8010, is a high molecular weight polymeric ester that imparts

and reduce scrap rates. PHA can also improve impact resistance in PLA.

“excellent” flexibility to PLA compounds for calendared

New production sites for Metabolix Metabolix intends to set up at least one

installation can be done quickly, where a

this year, and to be commercial later this

PHA manufacturing facility with the

lot of the equipment is already in place,”


nominal capacity of 10,000 tonnes per

says Robert Engle, the company’s vice

year. It says that it has been working with

president, business and commercial

Materials (GreenBio) in China, and

two potential partners to supply the

development for biopolymers. “We have

Antibióticos in Spain. Both sites have

material - the company earlier had a

been scouring the world for sites that

assets already in place to carry out PHA

partnership with agricultural company

made sense. We picked a couple of sites,

fermentation, to which needs to be added

Archer Daniels Midland, ADM, but that

and have been working on both of these.

downstream equipment to recover the

has since been dissolved.

The plan has been to have demonstration


material available around the middle of


“We have been looking for a site where 28


The partners are Tianjin GreenBio

AMI’s Directory

New 2013


6th edition

AMI’s Directory


3E SP. Z O.O.

Polymers, products & machinery

Type: Custom, Proprietary Products Polymers processed: PS, ABS, LDPE, HDPE, PP, PMMA, PC, ASA. Polymer throughput: Less than 50 tonnes Markets served: Automotive, Electrical, Alarm Cases. Services offered: Pad Printing, Silk Screen Printing Number of machines: 4 Minimum lock: 120 Maximum lock: 268 Minimum shot: 5 Maximum shot: 600


Address Listing

AMI’s Directory of Plastics Processing in Poland

A KAYSER AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS POLSKA SP. Z O.O. Type: Custom Polymers processed: PS, HDPE, PP, PA Polymer throughput: Between 251 - 500 tonnes Markets served: Automotive, Very Small Car Components (Fuel & Air Ducts; Filters & Valves). Services offered: U/S Welding, Friction Welding, Assembly Number of machines: 15 Minimum lock: 60 Maximum lock: 200 Minimum shot: 15 Maximum shot: 427

3E SP. Z O.O.


ul. OkrĊĪna 1B 19-300 Eák Tel: 087 620 1630 Fax: 087 620 1630 E-mail: Website: Contact: Mr. Z. Hoádyk, Plant Manager

ul. Nowa Biaáa 37 09-411 Biaáa k/Páocka Tel: 024 364 0012 Fax: 024 364 0011 E-mail: Website: Contact: Mr. A. Rozalski, General Manager

Parent company: Privately Owned

Parent company: A. Schulman Inc., OH


Processes operated: Injection moulding

Processes operated: Compounding



ul. Aleja Jana Pawáa II 94 Sáupno 05-250 Radzymin Tel: 022 786 6149/763 2820 Fax: 022 786 5357 E-mail: Website: Contact: Mr. W. GoáĊbiowski, Chairman

ul. PoznaĔska 132 62-052 Komorniki Tel: 061 810 7785 Fax: 061 810 8276 E-mail: Website: Contact: Mr. S. Zielaskowski, Owner

Type: Custom Polymers processed: LDPE, HDPE, PP Polymer throughput: Between 251 - 500 tonnes Markets served: Medical/Pharmaceutical, Caps and Closures, Medication Measuring Spoons. Services offered: Printing on Closures.

Parent company: Privately Owned ISO registration: ISO 9001v2000 Processes operated: Sheet extrusion

A I B. SPOLKA Z OGRANICZONA ODPOWIEDZIALNOSCIA S.K.A. ul. Przemysáowa 22 44-190 Knurów Tel: 032 335 7900/10 Fax: 032 335 7905 E-mail: Website: Contact: Mr. M. ĝlączka, Co-owner

Addresses & contacts

Parent company: Privately Owned ISO registration: ISO 9001v2008 Processes operated: Injection moulding

ABET SP. Z O.O. ul. Klonowa 3 05-806 Komorów k/ Warszawy Tel: 022 759 1140 Fax: 022 759 1140 E-mail: Website: Contact: Mr. A. Bieluszko, Owner Parent company: Privately Owned

Parent company: Privately Owned ISO registration: ISO 9001.

Processes operated: Injection moulding

Processes operated: Profile extrusion

ul. 1 Maja 14a 78-400 Szczecinek Tel: 094 374 0114 Fax: E-mail: Website: Contact: ,

A KAYSER AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS POLSKA SP. Z O.O. ul. SkoĞna 16 Batorowo 62-080 Tarnowo Podgórne Tel: 061 665 0300/308/314/315 Fax: 061 665 0317 E-mail: Website: Contact: Mr. R. Jakubiak, Managing Director

Injection moulders

AMI’s Directory of Plastics Processing in Poland


Type: Custom Polymers processed: PS, LDPE, PP Polymer throughput: Less than 50 tonnes Markets served: Household, Clothes Hangers. Services offered: Hot Foil Stamping Number of machines: 10 Maximum lock: 20 Minimum shot: 30 Maximum shot: 200

ABEX SP. Z O.O. Type: Custom, Proprietary Products Polymers processed: PS, ABS, PP, PA, PC, PET Polymer throughput: Between 101 - 250 tonnes Markets served: Electrical, Electrical Connectors Services offered: Assembly Number of machines: 11 Minimum lock: 60 Maximum lock: 160 Maximum shot: 200


Type: Custom Polymers processed: PVC Polymer throughput: No Polymer consumption available Markets served: Electrical, Sockets and Plugs.

ACE LUXE Type: Custom, Proprietary Products Polymers processed: ABS, PC, Elastomers. Polymer throughput: Between 1001 - 1500 tonnes Markets served: Telectron Services offered: Assembly Number of machines: 13 Minimum lock: 270 Maximum lock: 850 Maximum shot: 2500

AC-WYTWÓRNIA CZĉĝCI SAMOCHODOWYCH S.C. Type: In House Polymers processed: PS, ABS, LDPE, HDPE, PP, PVC, PA Polymer throughput: Less than 50 tonnes Markets served: Automotive, Car Components. Services offered: Tool Design, Tool Manufacture, Pad Printing, Assembly, Machining Number of machines: 6 Minimum lock: 25 Maximum lock: 90 Maximum shot: 500

AGD PASTERSKI SP. J. Type: Proprietary Products Polymers processed: PS, LDPE, HDPE, PP, PET Polymer throughput: Between 101 - 250 tonnes Markets served: Household, Chopping Boards; Brushes. Number of machines: 20

AGFOL PRZETWÓRSTWO TWORZYSZ SZTUCZNYCH S.C. Type: Custom, In House Polymers processed: LDPE, HDPE, PP Polymer throughput: Less than 50 tonnes Markets served: Household, Furniture Components; Components for Candle Lamps. Number of machines: 3 Minimum lock: 100 Maximum lock: 160 Minimum shot: 80 Maximum shot: 240



Parent company: Privately Owned Processes operated: Injection moulding

Parent company: A Kayser Automotive GmbH, Germany ISO registration: ISO 9001v2000

Available as a fully searchable database

Processes operated: Injection moulding


Over the past decade polymer consumption has grown on average by 4% per year in Poland Make sure you know all about this dynamic industry

Companies included: • Injection moulders • Blow moulders • Rotational moulders • PE film extruders • Sheet extruders • Cable extruders • Pipe extruders • Profile extruders • Tube and hose extruders • Compounders and masterbatch producers

6th edition

AMI’s Directory


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For more information contact us on or Tel: +44 (0) 117 9249442

Bioplastics compounding | materials feature

goods and longer term durable goods applications. Hallgreen R-9010 is a monomeric ester that imparts even more flexibility, roughly three times the elongation of the R-8010. “This product is really geared more towards non-FDA, single-use, disposable/compostable items,” Stefanisin says. Roquette Frères produces Gaïalene graft copolymers of starch and mineral oil based polyolefin chains. The biobased content for all the commercial grades of these resins is certified to be at least 50%. The range includes compoundable grades, as well as grades ready for injection moulding and film extrusion, as well as foaming. Léon Mentink, product manager at Roquette Frères, says that the company’s Gaïalene resins can be formulated in the same way as fossil-based resins to

DuPont’s BioMax Strong increases the toughness of PLA considerably

improve their mechanical, thermal, fire resistance or soles; and Maj’Eco thermoplastic specialties from Ad

aesthetic properties. Compounds based on Gaïalene are currently used in

Majoris used for example in hangers or electrical parts.

specific sectors, especially domestic, cosmetic, electrical and electronic applications. The company

Compounders go green

provides two examples: the Green Tefabloc

With its reSound range of compounds, PolyOne says

thermoplastic elastomer range from CTS used in shoes

that it is following a philosophy of producing higher

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materials feature | Bioplastics compounding

compounds with Dutch company Xindao, which makes promotional goods and is intent on developing more sustainable products. The two companies have collaborated to develop an enclosure for a solarpowered cell phone battery charger in reSound, and also the hand grip for an umbrella that uses recycled PET for its fabric. Dartee says that for durable applications, PolyOne is not so much interested in biodegradability – in fact, it is important that durable goods do not biodegrade – but more in the sustainability of the system as a whole. He also points out that the company is very aware that bio-based plastics can be susceptible to fungal and bacterial growth on the surface: “We screen for this phenomenon.” Teknor Apex is another major compounder with a strong interest in developing compounds of biopolymers and engineering thermoplastics. Last year, it launched new PLA alloys targeted at manufacturers wanting to incorporate substantial amounts of bio-based content in their products without sacrificing the essential mechanical and thermal properties provided by ETPs. The soles of

performance materials that are partly based on bio

these shoes are

solutions. Marcel Dartee, global marketing director for

70011 compounds, with biopolymer contents of 40% and

made in a TPE

sustainable solutions & biomaterials at PolyOne, says

36% respectively, provide strength, stiffness, and


that it has been looking to create formulations

deflection temperature under load similar to or better

based on

containing at least 30% bio-based material. “Then we

than standard polycarbonate, ABS, and PC/ABS blends.


can be confident of making a change in the carbon

Potential applications include injection moulded


footprint and energy content of those products,” he

housings, handles, covers, and other components of



electronic devices, medical equipment, and consumer


“We see these compounds as a step forward in using bio-based materials, taking advantage of the benefits

The company says that its Terraloy BP 70010 and

products. “Both of the Terraloy alloys surpass ABS in

they offer while still meeting performance

mechanical and thermal properties and provide

requirements, mostly for durable applications, in for

substantially higher levels of stiffness than PC or

example automotive, electrical, and consumer goods.

PC/ABS blends,” says Edwin Tam, manager of new

So we are moving the performance spectrum away from

strategic initiatives at Teknor Apex. The company says

applications such as single-use packaging items and

that it can formulate other Terraloy 70000 Series alloys

agricultural films.”

on a custom basis.

The reSound compounds are combinations of various

Teknor Apex’s Bioplastics Division also produces

bio-based polymers from different sources together

hybrids that combine thermoplastic starch with

with engineering thermoplastics such as polycarbonate

commodity polymers such as polyolefins or polystyrene,

(PC) and ABS. PolyOne is targeting materials such as

as well as biodegradable or compostable blends of

PC/ABS blends, and Dartee says it can achieve similar

bioplastics and PLA-based masterbatches that

performance levels. It is even capable of producing

incorporate additives such as impact modifier or melt

reSound compounds in halogen-free flame retardant

strength enhancers.

formulations. Compounds are being developed on a bespoke basis.

PVC does not have a good reputation among

biopolymer, along with other additives and pigments.

environmentalists, even if it is much less dependent on

Dartee says that the compounds are the result of

fossil-based feedstocks than many rival thermoplastics.

PolyOne “pushing the understanding of the chemistry in

It will be interesting to see if bio-based property

compounding with biopolymers to its limits.”

modifiers can change the situation. Several companies

PolyOne has developed two applications for reSound 32

Increasing the bio-content of PVC

They can contain around 45 to 50% by weight of


are working in this area. Developments show that, not

materials feature | Bioplastics compounding

only can PVC compounds be made more bio-based, but

PHA is suitable for use in rigid (transparent and

their properties can be improved too.

opaque), and flexible PVC compounds.

At Metabolix, Robert Engle says that most traditional

Metabolix launched its first grades for PVC

impact modifiers used in the market for PVC are based

modification at the end of 2012, and has work ongoing

on a rubber core inside a methacrylate or acrylic shell

with customers developing PVC compounds. “We are

that acts as a compatibilizer in the PVC. The rubber

working with customers in qualifying products in

stays as a separate domain. “Our materials act in a

applications,” Engle says. “We are at the outset of the

quite different way, in a single phase,” he says.

development but we do have a lot of interest.”

PHA copolymers can contain hard crystalline and

Compounds should be coming on to the market this

soft rubbery segments, which cannot be separated from

year in the US. A Metabolix team in Europe will soon

each other. Both phases have good miscibility with PVC.

start similar development work. PHA has an interesting side effect in PVC, in that it

“Depending on the PHA polymer structure, we can get different impact modification behaviour,” says Engle.

counters discoloration, Engle says. It should therefore

Modular extruders cater for biopolymers The growing importance of compounding

Entek says that around one third of its lab trials are for bioplastic formulation

with biopolymers becomes clear when speaking with Dean Elliott, laboratory manager at equipment company Entek Extruders. He says that biopolymer processing makes up approximately one third of its twin-screw compounding extrusion trials, with new materials and formulations arriving weekly. In 2006, it did none at all. And it’s not as if Entek was late to the party: it was actually an early participant in biopolymer processing. “Plantic Technologies [a producer of starch-based materials] came to Entek in 2003 for assistance in developing proprietary material formulas,” Elliott says. Entek now categorizes biopolymers into three key areas: reactive bio-based

foaming at the die can be an issue.

compounding biopolymers as they are for

materials (starch-based materials and

Together with optimized screw design, an

classical plastics. Not that it is simple

plasticizers); bioresin materials (PLA,

additional method to reduce extrudate

though, and numerous factors have to be

PHA, PSM…); and bio-based blends

temperature without jeopardizing

taken into consideration, according to the

(bioresins or starches blended with

increased residence time or product



quality (especially when processing

The configuration and length of the

reactive families/starches) is to adjust the

process section, including the screw

processing challenges and requires

levels of moisture introduction in

geometry, need to be determined, while

different co-rotating twin-screw extruder

conjunction with the number of vents and

vacuum pumps for drawing off steam and

configurations for successful processing,”

the level of vacuum draw at the vents.

other volatile components from the melt

Elliott says. “Successful processing of

When properly adjusted, not only is the

must be configured. Die plates can be

many types of biopolymers requires

extrudate temperature reduced, but the

optimised by the company based on

maximized residence time for optimum

temperature at which foaming occurs

simulations and flow calculations, while

end product quality, while maintaining


the design of the pelletizing system

“Each of these categories has its own

limited shear rates to control extrudate

Another manufacturer of

depends on the water sensitivity of the

temperature. This can often be done by

compounding lines, Coperion says that

biodegradable products.

utilizing long extruders (eg 52:1 L/D).

its ZSK extruders, with their modular

❙ ❙

“At elevated extrudate temperatures, 34


process sections, are just as suitable for

Trusted for reliable performance Unequaled customer service Involved and experienced people Continual improvements and innovation

Hall 09, Stand 9B65 16 – 23 October 2013

ww w.gala-





Plug in to a wealth of information Fill in the gaps with a full set of AMI’s plastics industry magazines. Our new USB memory stick contains 134 back issues of our four titles, which are packed with informative features on technical developments, market trends and practical tips for more efficient factory operations. Each edition is stored as a PDF for clear viewing, quick access, easy printing and simple searching. The files can be easily transferred to your computer’s hard-drive or to a tablet or smartphone. The majority of these editions are no longer available online or via our apps, so this USB memory stick is the only way to obtain a complete set of back issues of AMI’s four plastics industry magazines. The flash drive contains all of the following issues:

Compounding World 50 editions (December 2008 to April 2013)

Film and Sheet Extrusion 28 editions (April/May 2009 to March 2013)

Injection World 30 editions (October 2009 to March 2013)

Pipe and Profile Extrusion 26 editions (March/April 2009 to January/February 2013)

Click here to order online Order the AMI Magazines back issues memory stick online from Plastics Information Direct and obtain a wealth of knowledge for just €60 / $80 / £50. Go to for details, or contact Matt Wherlock, tel: +44 117 924 9442, email:

Packed with knowledge: 134 issues on one memory stick

Bioplastics compounding | materials feature

bioplasticizers, reFlex 100 and reFlex

be possible to make PVC compounds for outdoor use

300, based on a single chemistry

with less UV stabilizer than normal. “With PHA, it is possible to create a clear PVC for external use with no UV

solar charger

platform. They were developed in

for cell phones

collaboration with Archer

is made with a

Daniels Midland (ADM), with

stability problems,”

This Xindao


which it has been


materials can be used at

collaborating since 2008. It


addition rates of up to around 20% in

sees opportunities to replace

ETP compound

Engle claims. Metabolix

existing plasticizers in selected

PVC without affecting clarity. PHA copolymers could also be very useful in plasticization as they reduce Tg, says Engle’s colleague, senior

applications, including PVC plastisols for flooring and similar publications. The plasticizers are based on soybean oil, and they

polymer scientist Yelena Kann. So a

can be used on their own or as co-plasticizers with

rubbery PHA copolymer can increase

DINCH, commonly used in plastisols. PolyOne has

flexibility as well as enhance impact

commercial applications in the US and also in

resistance. “The incorporation of PHA


could, if not completely replace the monomeric plasticizer, reduce its

Last year, Georgia Gulf (now part of Axiall) and Galata Chemicals began a collaborative effort to

loading very significantly,” Kann says.

develop a line of flexible biobased phthalate-

“This would improve resistance to

free PVC compounds containing Drapex Alpha, a

migration, extraction and volatilization.” 20130503弘煜-廣告稿.pdf 2 2013/5/21 上午 09:27:31

PolyOne has two grades of reFlex

primary plasticizer produced from renewable feedstocks by Galata Chemicals. The compounds are said to be ideal for wire and cable, medical

materials feature | Bioplastics compounding

Teknor Apex

the performance attributes of trimellitates, according to

says target

Steven McKeown, president and COO of Galata

markets for


Terraloy BP

More information

70010 and 70011

Dean Elliot, lab manager at Entek, will discuss the


compounding of biobased plastics and natural fibres at


the Compounding World Forum 2013, which takes


place in Philadelphia, PA, USA, on 10-11 December. In

devices, such

addition, Jack Leahy, vice president of manufacturing at

as barcode

Techmer PM, will present a paper outlining a “profitable


path to sustainable compounding”. More details at AMI’s third Green Polymer Chemistry conference is taking place on 18-20 March 2014 in Cologne, Germany. For more information on participating in this event as a speaker, sponsor or attendee, please contact Dr Sally Humphreys:, tel: +44 117 924 9442.

❙ Click on the links for more information:

uses and a range of general-purpose customer needs. At the time of the launch, the two companies said PVC compounds containing the new plasticizer “exhibit improved extraction resistance, substantially reduced amounts of volatile organic compounds, and enhanced processability.” Galata Chemicals launched the Drapex Alpha range just over a year ago. The latest addition is Alpha 200C, designed for use in white and clear PVC compounds as well as specialty applications requiring

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Turn page for the full programme ➤

The international conference on business strategies and new technologies for compounders

December 10-11, 2013 Hilton Philadelphia City Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA Images courtesy of: Coperion, Foster Corporation, PolyOne, Renault, and Teknor Apex

SPECIAL OFFER: Save $200 if you register before November 1, 2013 Organized by: Applied Market Information LLC & Compounding World

Sponsored by:

C O N F E R E N C Tuesday, December 10, 2013 8:00 9:00

Registration and welcome coffee Opening announcements


December 10-11, 2013 Hilton Philadelphia City Avenue, Philadelphia, PA, USA


Analyzing changes in the global compounding industry Mr. Andy Beevers, Publisher/Editor, Compounding World magazine, APPLIED MARKET INFORMATION Ltd., United Kingdom

Applied Market Information and Compounding World magazine are pleased to announce the Compounding World Forum, taking place December 10-11, 2013 at the Hilton Philadelphia City Avenue, in Philadelphia, PA, USA.


Growing a profitable formulating and compounding business in a dynamic, global economy Mr. Roger Avakian, Vice President, Scientific Development, POLYONE CORPORATION, United States

This new conference features a high-level program brought together by the editorial team of Compounding World, exploring and developing many of the magazine’s most popular themes in a live event. It will provide an excellent opportunity for discussion and networking between the international panel of speakers and delegates.


Implementing clean compounding to meet the needs of the medical market Mr. Paul Burke, Vice President of Manufacturing, TEKNOR APEX, United States

The conference will cover business strategies and new materials technologies, as well as providing practical advice on getting the most from compounding lines. The primary focus will be on the production of technical compounds based on engineering thermoplastics, performance polyolefins and thermoplastic elastomers. Key end-use markets that will be addressed include the automotive, medical, electrical/electronic and consumer goods sectors. A wide range of polymer and additives technologies will be covered including electrically and thermally conductive compounds, antimicrobial formulations, fillers and reinforcements, flame retardants, bio-based materials, and anti-counterfeiting techniques.

10:40-11:10 Coffee break sponsored by: 11:10

Metal replacement: Finding practical solutions with technical compounds Mr. Jeffrey McCoy, Manager, Marketing & Business Development, A. SCHULMAN INC., United States


Responding to changing regulations in America and beyond Ms. Melissa Hockstad, Vice President - Science, Technology & Regulatory Affairs, SPI: THE PLASTICS INDUSTRY TRADE ASSOCIATION, United States

SESSION 2 – ADDING VALUE TO TECHNICAL COMPOUNDS Combating piracy with innovative anti-counterfeiting additives for thermoplastics Mr. Stuart Swain, Director of Sales and Marketing, CHROMA CORPORATION, United States

Strategic business and production issues will also be addressed, including growing a compounding business in a global marketplace, improving sustainability, clean compounding for medical markets, and responding to emerging regulations.


In addition, leading experts will discuss how to get the very best from compounding lines with a wide range of practical tips and advice.

12:40-2:10 Lunch sponsored by: 2:10

Selection and application of antimicrobial additives in thermoplastic compounds Ms. Lise Moloney, Director Business Development, Healthcare, SCIESSENT, United States


Pushing the limits of polypropylene – developing the world’s first all-plastic, mono-material automotive tailgate Mr. Anis Tebib, Marketing Manager Automotive, STYRON, Germany


Flame retardancy of engineering plastics Dr. Martin Klatt, Senior Manager Research, BASF SE, Germany

CONFERENCE HOTLINE Contact: Ms. Kelly Cressman, Conference Coordinator Tel: +1 610 478 0800 Fax: +1 610 478 0900 Email:

FIVE GOOD REASONS WHY YOU SHOULD ATTEND: 1. Hear leading experts discuss key trends in technical compounding

3:40-4:10 Coffee break SESSION 3 – IMPROVING SUSTAINABILITY 4:10

A profitable path to sustainable compounding Mr. Jack Leahy, Vice President of Manufacturing, TECHMER PM LLC, United States


Engineered wood fibers for a new generation of biocomposites Mr. Christophe Chambonnet, Global Manager, Woodforce, SONAE INDUSTRIA (WOODFORCE), Canada


Compounding of bio-based plastics and natural fibers Mr. Dean Elliott, Lab Manager, ENTEK EXTRUDERS, United States

2. Discover new additive and materials technologies 3. Learn practical tips for getting the most from compounding lines 4. Gain insights into global market trends and business strategies 5. Network with other professionals in the compounding industry

5:40-7:00 Cocktail Reception



Turn page for booking details ➤

Wednesday, December 11, 2013 8:30 9:00



Adding electrical and thermal conductivity to plastics compounds Ing. Christine Van Bellingen, Product Manager, Carbon Black & Graphite for Polymers, TIMCAL GRAPHITE & CARBON, Belgium Advanced functional fillers for thermally conductive compounds: Key technology for cost reduction in electronic thermal management Mr. Armin Kayser, Director of Business Development, ESK CERAMICS GmbH & Co KG, Germany


Save $200

Welcome coffee Opening announcements

Adding functionality and value to medical compounds with novel reinforcements, fillers and additives Dr. Larry Acquarulo, CEO, FOSTER CORPORATION, United States

10:40-11:10 Coffee break 11:10

Integration of design, materials and manufacturing in long fiber thermoplastic composites Dr. Raj Mathur, V.P. Technology & Business Development, PLASTICOMP INC., United States


New mineral opportunities in polymers Dr. Saied Kochesfahani, Development Manager, Polymers, IMERYS, United States

Register before November 1, 2013 and save $200 CONFERENCE VENUE Located on the East Coast of the United States, Philadelphia has a major international airport and is just hours away from New York and Washington DC. The city sights include historic buildings, museums, shopping malls and beautiful parks. Philadelphia offers its visitors a multicultural experience with many different types of dining and entertainment. SPONSORSHIP & EXHIBITION SPACE With an exhibition running alongside the conference as well as a range of sponsorship opportunities, there are ample ways to make sure your company stands out at the conference. All options have proven to be successful marketing tools and will effectively increase brand awareness. The table top package includes one complimentary delegate space and allows companies to display their products and services to a highly targeted audience. Sponsorships will guarantee your company logo will be included on all conference promotions and the event website. To book your table top or secure your sponsorship for the Compounding World Forum 2013 please contact the Conference Coordinator. ORGANISED BY: APPLIED MARKET INFORMATION LLC


Tips for optimizing twin-screw extrusion Mr. Bert Elliott, Engineering Manager, LEISTRITZ EXTRUDER CORP., United States

12:40-2:10 Lunch 2:10

Optimizing screw configurations for twin-screw compounding extruders Mr. Adam Dreiblatt, Director, Process Technology, CPM CENTURY EXTRUSION, United States


System engineering: The global rise of turn-key compounding lines Mr. Matt Sieverding, General Manager, KRAUSSMAFFEI BERSTORFF NA, United States


Taming hard-to-handle ingredients, and increasing loading levels Dr. Paul Andersen, Director, Process Technology, COPERION CORPORATION, United States


Afternoon wrap up and questions


Conference ends Conference bag sponsored by:

AMI reserves the right to alter the program without notice. The latest program including any new speakers or changes to schedules can be viewed on our website

Applied Market Information LLC is the North American operation of Applied Market Information Ltd., Europe’s leading supplier of plastics consultancy and information services to the global plastics industry. AMI LLC can offer the full range of AMI services and products to North American clients.Together with our well-established European-based operations this means AMI is well placed to provide a truly global research capability to our clients. Based in Reading PA, Applied Market Information LLC can supply all of AMI’s European directories and CDs and is developing a whole new range of products for the North American market. Its range of specialized services cover individual consulting services, multi-client reports, conferences and publishing. To find out more about AMI’s conference program or any of our other services and products visit our web site at: or call the AMI LLC office at: +1 610 478 0800 or email: COMPOUNDING WORLD MAGAZINE Compounding World is the monthly digital magazine for the global plastics compounding industry. Published by AMI, it is available free-of-charge online and via free apps for iPads, iPhones and Android-based devices.

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Date and location: December 10-11, 2013 Hilton Philadelphia City Avenue 4200 City Avenue Philadelphia, PA 19131, USA Tel: +1 215 879 4000

Compounding World Forum 2013 December 10-11, 2013 Hilton Philadelphia City Avenue Philadelphia, PA, USA Company: ______________________________________________ Image courtesy of: Hilton Philadelphia City Avenue

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Weathering resistance | materials feature

Efforts are underway to speed up weathering tests without compromising the accuracy of their results. Pat Toensmeier looks at how the industry is dealing with these evolving needs

Withstanding the weather Work is advancing toward the development of

test standards as well, with an eye towards

weathering tests for pigmented polymers that will be

reducing cycle times through the use of

more uniform in their results, realistic in their

greater acceleration ratios.

replication of environmental conditions and reliable in

Even organisations that are not directly

the correlation of indoor and outdoor data. The effort is

connected with standards can have a major

mostly focused on laboratory tests, though some

influence on weather test protocols. One

outdoor procedures attract concern as well.

such is FIFA, the international football

One factor behind these trends is the demand from

federation. FIFA’s regulations for synthetic

end-users for speedier results. Time is money in

turf include tests that are based on the ISO

manufacturing and distribution, and economic issues

4892-3 standard, which involves a relatively short

are a compelling reason to reduce test times.

3,000 hours of accelerated fluorescent light exposure.

Other factors include the ongoing substitution of

One technique for accelerating tests is increasing

organic pigments for inorganics and heavy metals in

irradiance levels. This is hardly new – laboratories have

polymer formulations, as well as consumer preferences

been doing it for years, outdoors with sunlight-

for bright colours and special effects like pearlescents

intensifying mirrors, as well as indoors with lamps and

and metallics in markets such as automotive. All of

filters. Generating a five-fold increase in accelerated

these typically require broad weathering data, along

testing, for example, yields 10 years of weather

with formulation tweaks to promote pigment

exposure in just two years.

dispersion, improved stabilizer packages to maintain

But there are limits to this approach, says Allen

colourfastness, and polymer substrates that prevent

Zielnik, senior consultant for weathering science at

colour shifts and other breakdowns during use.

Atlas Material Testing Technology. “Many materials do

ASTM, the international standards organisation, is

not respond to accelerated testing in a linear fashion,”

acting to improve accuracy by adding a standard for

he advises. “As irradiance increases there will be

indoor weather testing of vehicle coatings later this

temperature-control issues. Time under moisture and

year that contains new rules for moisture content,

temperature are also different than in normal tests.

which many experts maintain is underrepresented in

This approach requires more rigorous study.”

current tests. The standard could

Zielnik says that one approach to

significantly upgrade laboratory

accelerated lab testing is to apply light with


better spectral matching properties – in

Other organisations such as ISO, the Society of Automotive Engineers, the Vinyl Siding Institute and the Synthetic

other words, light that more accurately duplicates sunlight and does not resort to a “brute force approach” of applying

Turf Council are reportedly re-

“severe wavelengths” for the sake of

evaluating or updating some of their

accelerated testing. Labs that maintain a



materials feature | Weathering resistance

Researchers at Atlas pay special attention to indoor tests to

“high noon” intensity of light this way can increase brightness two to three times and, with careful spectral monitoring, match the wavelength of sunlight and get accurate results while reducing test cycles. Atlas has developed optical filters for xenon arc

ensure results

lamps that reportedly provide a close full-spectrum

correlate with

match to sunlight. Called Right Light, the device, which

outdoor data

uses quartz or a coated infrared material in an outer filter, promotes sample degradation that nearly matches that of end-use environments, the company maintains. As a result, irradiance levels can be increased to achieve greater test acceleration without distorting results. Zielnik also advises of the need to closely monitor the surface temperatures of samples, which are affected by irradiance levels and test conditions, and are

place – Arizona, south Florida or Southeast Asia – tests

typically higher than those that will be encountered

can last anywhere from 12,000 to 17,000 hours, the

during average product use.

latter representing two years of continuous, accelerated

Some companies, meanwhile, are looking at the controlled addition of environmental contaminants during lab tests to replicate the effect of pollution on colours. The “dark cycle”, or night-time testing of colours, is

exposure. And herein lies the problem for some pigment suppliers and end-users. Lengthy testing costs money and delays product launches. The extra development

also getting attention. One reason is evidence that some

costs can place price-sensitive products at a

colour formulations recover or equilibrate at night from

disadvantage when manufacturers compete against

effects caused by sunlight, and learning more about this

low-cost offshore goods.

process could improve formulations. Another reason is

Test duration, however, is controversial since many

more practical: eliminating it could reduce testing cycles.

experts do not believe that shorter tests yield accurate

While no single procedure will emerge that meets

data. “Significant problems can arise when test times

every need, companies specializing in weathering tests

are shortened,” says Larry Campbell, director of

and equipment, along with polymer and pigment

technology at compounder Americhem. Campbell, who

producers and compounders, expect gains to be made

helps develop pigments for synthetic turf (mostly made

Atlas operates

in improving the reliability and accuracy of tests while

of linear low-density polyethylene), is concerned that a

a massive

reducing the time necessary to conduct them.

rush to reduce exposure time outdoors and in the

outdoor test

Many weathering tests are designed to replicate 10

laboratory by ratcheting up accelerated testing will fail

site in south

years of average product use. Depending on laboratory

to account for all conditions that affect colour


conditions or the intensity of sunlight where they take

performance. “It comes down to what a company wants: predictive, relevant data, or speculative data,” he remarks. When it comes to synthetic turf, Campbell notes that end-users usually expect outdoor installations and colours to last 10 years. FIFA’s certification of the 3,000-hour ISO 4892-3 standard, which equates to 125 days of accelerated testing, “is not a lot of time for testing,” he says. In developing a suitable green for an artificial turf installation, Campbell says that a specified hue could comprise five pigments of varying intensity. Each needs to be carefully checked for weathering both on its own and as part of a blend, to assure it remains colourfast. He adds that some influential organisations establish standards and define testing cycles based on faulty test they specify and the test they really need.”



information. “There is often no correlation between the


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Weathering resistance | materials feature

As an example, Campbell cites a weathering test for synthetic turf adopted by Lega Nazionale Dilettanti (LND), the National Amateur League of Italy, which governs that country’s amateur football activities. The LND requires that tests be conducted under ultraviolet (UV) light according to the ISO 4892-3 UVB-314 standard (also listed as EN 14836 by the British Standards Institution) for 2,500 hours. Campbell argues that the duration is too short for any meaningful weathering data to emerge, and points out that the specific lamp in use generates a UV light that is present 30 miles up in the stratosphere, but completely filtered out at sea level. “They have specified a weathering test with a light that doesn’t exist on Earth,” he says. Test concerns are set against a changing and challenging market for plastics. The ongoing process of

asking for performance assurances they can pass along

materials substitution, where plastics replace wood,

to their customers, usually in the form of extended

glass, metal and concrete, and intra-polymer

product warranties.

competition, in which one type of plastic replaces


“People understand the performance of conventional

another, creates situations where property trade-offs

materials, but need warranties when it comes to new

may affect colour performance. End-users obviously

materials,” says Roger Reinicker, technical fellow and

want problem-free transitions and are thus increasingly

applications specialist at BASF. This is driving efforts by



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materials feature | Weathering resistance

high-effect pigments. As with many companies, Sun Chemical uses a combination of both accelerated laboratory and natural weathering tests as standard protocols. Accelerated laboratory test data, though, is hard to reconcile with outdoor tests. Reinicker of BASF affirms that efforts to duplicate real-world conditions indoors are difficult. “BASF conducted a three-year outdoor test that did not correlate well with the results of a xenon arc test. The xenon arc results came in as we thought they would,” he explains, “but did not reflect the outdoor test data.” Reinicker says that among the issues involved in correlating test results from the two are environmental pollutants. “We need to think about how to introduce BASF’s

materials suppliers to do better at predicting exactly

contaminants in a test chamber on a controlled basis”


what happens to colour when specifying different

to replicate the pollution to which outdoor colours are

pigment gives

pigments and polymers for products, he adds. Which is


this turf a deep

another reason why weathering tests are being

green, while its

re-evaluated for accuracy and relevance.


Weather testing has for some time been a

Another issue is finding filters that accurately reproduce all of the wavelengths and constituent components of sunlight in xenon arc lamps. “The


straightforward exercise, with data derived primarily

accurate mimicking of sunlight is critical to indoor

withstands UV

from indoor tests using xenon arc or fluorescent light

testing,” Reinicker explains.


and outdoor exposure in sun-rich and subtropical climates. “The trend now is to further support accelerated lab data with natural exposure results to assure end-users of colour quality,” says Scott Heitzman, business

Also important is the ability to precisely evaluate heat build-up caused by total solar reflectance, which is especially critical to colour integrity in vinyl siding, polymer-composite decking and artificial turf. An evolving capability that companies are focusing

development manager for plastics and global product

on in lab testing, though, is moisture. It’s not a new

manager for high-performance pigments at Sun

concern, of course – moisture has long been a part of

Chemical. “The cooperation and information exchange

indoor tests. However, the imminent ASTM standard,

along the supply chain is the biggest change in assisting

currently in committee and tagged WK39045, is

colour development and selection.”

designed to accurately duplicate the environmental

Heitzman notes that broader application

stress of subtropical thermal cycling – caused by rain,

requirements mandate that end-users have access to a

humidity and sunlight – on exterior colours specified for

range of information about polymer and pigment

transportation vehicles.

formulations, stabilizer packages, thermal resistance and, of course, weathering data, to specify the best-

The protocol is titled: “New practice for standard practice for xenon arc exposure test with enhanced light

performing colours for products. This is especially true BASF

in critical markets such as automotive, where


aesthetics play a big role in product appeal. While he

light stabilizers

believes that weathering tests and specifications are

to maintain the

solid and continue to evolve, he adds that “the

colour and durability of stadium seating

communication and interpretation of results need improvement.” Colour problems, he adds, are usually attributed to pigments. But other factors need to be addressed, notably crazing, gloss retention, substrate yellowing and polymer failure. Heitzman says this requires a more balanced approach to the analysis of test data and consideration of all factors that could affect pigment performance in polymers. Sun Chemical’s specialty is high-performance and



materials feature | Weathering resistance


ability to degrade colours, owing to the rapid cycling of heat, humidity, rain and sunlight. A recent product development from Q-Lab is the Q-Sun Xe-2 rotating-rack xenon arc test chamber, which Fowler says replicates the impact of sun and rain on test samples. Its accelerated test capabilities include duplication of noontime summer sunlight on a 24/7 basis, and generating in days the impact of months or years of outdoor exposure. The unit has filters that meet the requirements of global xenon test standards; offers precision control of humidity, chamber air and black panel/black standard temperature; and can be A new ASTM

and water exposure for transportation coatings.” Put

standard will

simply, ASTM states that it is a procedure for the use of

improve the

a controlled xenon arc light and water apparatus

develop the faster and more accurate weathering tests

testing of

equipped with one or more lamps and optical filters to

users want, it seems likely that incremental

coatings for

simulate sunlight in the UV range, along with water

improvements will appear in the near term that go a


absorption and stress cycles. “This standard was

long way toward meeting these needs.

ranging from

developed to address the deficiencies of historical tests

cars to aircraft

used for transportation coatings, especially automotive

even if it still means longer-than-expected testing

coatings,” according to a statement by ASTM.

cycles, is absolutely essential to product success. As

The vehicles covered will include trucks, railcars and

equipped with an optional water spray. While there is no deadline for the testing industry to

No matter how it happens, though, accurate data,

Zielnik remarks: “The time to find out if there is a

aircraft, as well as passenger cars. Sean Fowler,

problem in colour selection is not when a product is in

technical marketing specialist for equipment supplier

the market.”

and test services provider Q-Lab, says that 40% of each 24-hour test cycle will be given over to the application of

Click on the links for more information:

moisture in the new standard. Testing will reportedly

❙ ❙ ❙ ❙ ❙ ❙

begin with several hours of water spray and humidity before activation of the xenon arc light. The test seeks to reproduce summer weather conditions in south Florida – a global benchmark – that Fowler says are among the harshest anywhere in their

New materials weathering handbook The 5th edition of the

descriptions of the

references are cited

degradation routes and

Handbook of Material Weathering by George Wypych has just been published. Devoted almost entirely to polymer materials and products, this new edition is reportedly three times the size of the 1990 original, reflecting the importance of the subject and the quantity of recent research findings. The book features four main sections: an explanation of the science of weathering and its effect on materials;

environmental and climatic

throughout the book) and the

product durability but also

conditions encountered and

author has not only extracted

indicated where research is

methods used to measure and

the most useful data on

still required.


simulate their effects; a

The effects of weathering

survey of the data available on

range from cosmetic to

more than 50 specific

catastrophic and this book

polymers including the good

provides a comprehensive and

and bad influences of

up-to-date guide for

additives; and a survey of

designers of products from

findings on more than 40

automotive and aerospace

specific product types.

equipment to construction

The last two sections are derived from a comprehensive analysis of the published literature (almost 3,000


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Automotive interiors | applications feature

Technical compounder Luxus worked closely with Milliken and Nissan to develop a high recycled content PP for Class A interior applications that cuts weight while improving scratch resistance. Chris Smith reports

Recycled PP proves up to scratch Environmental performance now ranks high on the

important to us, particularly with our electric vehicle

Main image and

agenda for the major automotive manufacturers, many

strategy where we are trying to offset the weight of the

below: The rear

of which are seeking material options that can reduce

batteries and to extend the range. The best available

vehicle weight or increase recycled content. The ideal

means of doing that is weight reduction at the moment.

option, however, would be to do both and that was the

But also, we are very environmentally focused and

goal for UK-based technical compounder Luxus, which

recycled plastic has been a continuing theme for us

has developed - together with car maker Renault-

since the days of the Bluebird when we were applying

Nissan and chemical group Milliken - a new line of high

recycled materials from Luxus and other UK recyclers

recycled content, lightweight PP compounds that can

for applications like wheel arch liners, underbody

replace current talc-filled grades in demanding interior

parts,” says Ellis.

applications without sacrificing aesthetics. Development of the Luxus Hycolene range of high

benchmark for the Hycolene test

“When we design or develop any part on a vehicle we reduction on the previous model or a benchmark best in class. Every

Engineering conference in Mannheim in Germany. The

module or assembly on the vehicle

compounds, which use the Hyperform HPR-803i synthetic

has a weight target, as well as a cost

mineral reinforcing fibre developed by Milliken, have been

target, and we work together with the

engineered to provide a weight saving of 10-12% per part

design engineers to bring in new or

while offering improved scratch resistance over current

alternative material technologies

talc-filled PP alternatives.

that will meet those targets. The technology we apply will vary from

cooperation with the Renault-Nissan engineering team

model to model and vehicle to

based at the Nissan Technical Centre Europe at Cranfield

vehicle. On something like a GTR

in the UK, with the interior door trim mouldings for the

Skyline variant we can spend a lot

current Nissan Qashqai model selected as the test

more money on weight reduction,

programme. Nissan’s materials design and test (DKN)

which is why we apply carbon fibre

manager Mark Ellis explains that the first appeal of the

materials in a wide number of

new compounds was the potential weight savings.

applications. If we are looking at a

was used as the

are set a weight target. That may be a percentage weight

a joint presentation given at last month’s VDI Automotive

“Like all in the auto industry, weight reduction is very

Nissan’s Qashqai car


recycled content PP polymer compounds was detailed in

The Hycolene compounds have been developed in

door liner of

more standard passenger vehicle cost June 2013 | COMPOUNDING WORLD


applications feature | Automotive interiors

slightly because spiral flow tests showed the flow of the new material is as good as the old material but at a lower MFI. So the flow in the mould is like-for-like. And the impact strength is unchanged,” says Burton. Moulding trials carried out at Tier One supplier R-Tek showed the new compound not only matches the current grade on paper, but also in processing terms. “We have made a like-for-like product,” says Burton. “We took the material to R-Tek, who mould the door panels for Nissan in our current 16407 grade, and we put our new material onto the mould and it ran first time without any change. The visual aspect did not change although we had gone from 25% talc to a much lower filler loading.” 10N Erichsen scratch test results: Hycolene 16624 versus 16407 production Source: Luxus grade

Replacement of a large proportion of the talc filler with the Milliken additive also paid a benefit in terms of scratch resistance. “It turned out that scratch resistance was much, much better. Because we had

is a lot more in focus so the technology we apply for

taken 15% of talc out of the compound you lose that

something like Qashqai or the Leaf electric vehicle is a

whitening effect,” says Burton.

completely different calculation and economic balance,” he says.

Luxus specialises in producing compounds with recycled polymers and has an established supply chain

The Qashqai door panels are currently produced in a

for both post-consumer and post-industrial recycled PP

25% talc filled PP compound (16407) supplied by Luxus.

polymer. However, Burton says he believes the company

The company’s technical manager Terry Burton says

is unique in Europe in being able to offer recycled

this meant it had tightly defined performance

compounds for Class A finish automotive interior

requirements against which to measure its Hycolene

components, which he attributes to its supply chain and

alternative. Using the Milliken Hyperform HPR-803i

in-house sorting and materials selection.

additive to displace some of the talc filler allowed it to

“The material we are looking for is the very best of

achieve a 12% weight reduction per door trim

what is available. We have companies that we have

(equivalent to an actual weight saving of 77g per part)

designated through our internal processes as approved

and increase the recycled resin content from 40 to 49%

PP automotive interior grade suppliers but even for

for the Hycolene product (16624).

those as soon as the material comes into our plant we

The Hycolene 16624 grade matched or exceeded the key mechanical and impact performance of the current 16407 compound. “We initially set out to match but what

start sorting. We look at colour, we check for odour, we FTIR test for contamination,” he says. Unlike traditional virgin compounders, Luxus has to

we’ve managed to do is increase the flexural modulus

take into account the volume of recycled materials

and the HDT. We have also changed the melt flow index

available. “The volumes are there and we have been

What is Hyperform? Milliken’s Hyperform HPR-803i is a synthetic mineral-based reinforcement fibre with an approximate diameter of 0.5 microns and length of 20 microns. It has a density of 2.3 g/cm3, compared with 2.7 g/cm3 for talc and 2.6 g/cm3 for glass fibre. According to data from Milliken, the additive can match the flexural modulus of a 30% talc filled PP at a loading of just 12%. HDT performance of typical talc-filled PP grades can also be matched at lower loading levels using the Hyperform additive. Typical benefits of replacing talc with the new additive include reduced density, improved balance of stiffness and impact performance, and an improvement in scratch resistance of the final part.



POLYMER F O A M 2013 International conference on blowing agents and foaming technology for polymer materials CLICK HERE FOR DETAILS

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applications feature | Automotive interiors

required, allowing car makers to handle limited run special editions if required. The Hycolene 16624 grade has met Nissan’s requirements in terms of visuals and dimensional criteria. The car maker is now undertaking further mechanical tests prior to making any commercialisation decisions. “We are looking at both existing and future model applications,” says Nissan’s Ellis. “The latest trials show the dimensional differences are quite negligible on not very large panels so there is a potential weight saving on current models. But most likely it will be PP compound weight reduction and recycled content

Source: Luxus

introduced on new models where the tooling is specifically designed to get the best from the new materials by reducing wall thickness. There is a slight

Physical properties: Hycolene 16624 versus 16407 production grade

performance improvement and that would allow us to slightly downsize the wall thickness to add another weight saving opportunity.” Price will certainly be a factor that will come into play in any commercialisation decision. “There is a slight price premium on this product because the Hyperform additive is more expensive than talc,” says Luxus’s Burton. “But it is going to be grade dependent, I think. Like-for-like with virgin we are not going to be too dissimilar, but like-for-like with recycled we may be slightly more expensive. Each grade will have to be priced on its own merits.”

Source: Luxus

supplying in large volumes to Nissan for over 10 years.

Burton says the compounder is now looking ahead to

But there is a difference between virgin and recycled

additional Hycolene grades, including a high impact

material in that recycled material is finite whereas

version as well as different colour and shrinkage

virgin material is not. So some planning needs to take

options. Luxus is also seeking opportunities to license

place before setting up a grade,” says Burton.

the Hycolene compounding technology, with the Indian

Colour also needs to be considered. Blacks, greys

market a prime attraction. The company recently

and browns can be managed easily with recycled

announced an agreement with local Indian polymer

materials. Bright colours are more challenging. Burton

sourcing and distribution specialist KPL International.

says the company is supplying a light grey recycled compound for Nissan’s Leaf electric vehicle. However,

Click on the links for more information:

the weight saving benefits of the Hycolene formulation

❙ ❙

can also be exploited in virgin PP compounds if

AMI Strategy Seminars These one-day seminars are given by an AMI director and provide invaluable insights into market trends and industry strategies. They are held in small groups and provide ample opportunities for questions and discussions.

15 October 2013: Cologne, Germany 9 December 2013: Dubai, UAE Contact: Katy Cheng,, +44 117 924 9442

EXHIBITING AT K 2013? Promote your presence at the global plastics show using our global plastics magazines The great thing about the K show in Düsseldorf is that it attracts visitors from every corner of the world. Make sure that these international attendees know where to find your booth among the 3,000 other exhibitors at this year’s show by advertising in our targeted magazines. These have a truly global readerships, both online and through our apps for the iPad/iPhone and Android devices (full details in our media packs – use the relevant links). Take your pick from these 17 dedicated issues:

August: K 2013 first look September: K 2013 preview October: K 2013 show issue November: News from K 2013 December: K 2013 review ➤ Click here to download the full media pack August: K 2013 first look September: K 2013 preview October: K 2013 show issue November/December: K 2013 review ➤ Click here to download the full media pack July/August: K 2013 first look September: K 2013 preview October: K 2013 show issue November/December: K 2013 review ➤ Click here to download the full media pack July/August: K 2013 first look September: K 2013 preview October: K 2013 show issue November/December: K 2013 review ➤ Click here to download the full media pack

We will be exhibiting at K ourselves, with a well-positioned booth in the North Entrance, plus our highly-experienced and technically-qualified editors will be back in Düsseldorf to report direct from the show. Our special K issues are always very popular, so reserve your advertisement space now by contacting Claire Bishop on +44 20 8686 8139 or at

Meet the experts behind AMI Magazines AMI Plastics launched its marketfocused digital magazines for the global plastics industry nearly five years ago. Our aim is to deliver the highest quality and most relevant technical information and industry analysis. In order to achieve this, we have assembled one of the most experienced and technically qualified teams in the plastics magazine sector.

Technically qualified – Unlike most plastics magazine editors and journalists, all of our editors have a relevant science or engineering degree. They also have extensive experience of covering the plastics industry, each having spent at least 20 years in this market. Expert support – Our three editors are backed up by a highly experienced team of regular contributors, plus the

expertise of the AMI Consulting team. No other plastics magazine has direct in-house access to this level of international industry knowledge and understanding. Meet us in Düsseldorf – Our team will be at the K 2013 exhibition in Düsseldorf, Germany in October. Meet us on the AMI Magazine stand in the North Entrance (EN03).

OUR MAGAZINE TEAM Andy Beevers Andy Beevers is head of business publishing at AMI, responsible for launching and managing the digital magazines business. He is also editor of Compounding World magazine. Andy graduated in Chemical Engineering from the University of Birmingham in the UK and subsequently trained as a journalist. He has more than 25 years of editorial and publishing experience in the international plastics sector. He was editor-in chief of European Plastics News and Asian Plastics and went on to be publishing director for these titles plus Plastics & Rubber Weekly and Andy has also launched, managed and chaired many international conferences in the plastics arena. Andy has attended all eight K shows since 1989. Chris Smith Chris Smith is editor of Injection World magazine and he also oversees our special projects including magazines on Pipeline Coating, Wind Turbine Blade Manufacture and Rigid Plastics Packaging. Chris has a degree in Materials Science and worked in the polymer industry for several years before moving into magazine publishing. For the past 20 years he has been writing about plastics technology, including stints as technology editor on Plastics & Rubber Weekly and as editor of European Plastics News. He also has extensive experience of launching, managing and chairing international plastics industry conferences. Chris has been to six K exhibitions.

Lou Reade Lou Reade is editor of our two plastics extrusion titles: Film and Sheet Extrusion plus Pipe and Profile Extrusion. After graduating in Chemistry, he trained as a business-to-business journalist. He has since built up more than 20 years of technical journalism experience, including eight years as technology editor and editor-in-chief of European Plastics News magazine. In addition, Lou has worked as a journalist and editor on industry magazines covering design engineering and the laboratory equipment market. Lou will be attending his sixth K show this year. Claire Bishop Claire Bishop manages the advertisement sales for all of our magazines. She has held this role since the magazines were launched and has developed our large and loyal customer base of global advertisers. She is a highly experienced media sales specialist with more than 10 years working in this field. Claire has worked with major business-to-business publishing companies, including Emap, and with the UK’s market-leading Daily Mail newspaper. She has particular experience in advertisement sales in the industrial and construction markets. Claire is looking forward to her second K show. Nicola Crane Nicola Crane is responsible for the design of all of our magazines, preparing them for distribution on-line and via our free apps for the iPad/iPhone and Android devices She is a very experienced magazine designer, working on a wide range of business-to-business and consumer titles over the past 26 years.

AMI’S INDUSTRY CONSULTANTS AMI’s magazines also benefit from the input of AMI Consulting’s industry and market experts. This team of consultants provides strategic advice for a wide range of clients around the world, as well as publishing detailed multi-client and single-client reports. The team includes: Andrew Reynolds, research director: areas of expertise include masterbatch, polyethylene markets and film applications. John Nash, head of strategic research: areas of expertise include polypropylene resin and compound markets, artificial grass yarns and roofing membranes. Noru Tsalic, senior vice president: areas of expertise include pipe applications, pipe coating, cables and construction markets. Sylvia Tabero, research consultant: areas of expertise include injection moulding, telectronics, automotive, and technical compounds. Martyna Zimakiewicz, packaging consultant: areas of expertise include caps and closures, bottles, thin-wall packaging and plastic labels. Karla Vittova, research analyst: areas of expertise include agricultural films, heavy-duty sacks, polymer distribution and Central European markets.

Shu-Lan Cheng, research analyst: areas of expertise include BOPP films and the plastics markets in China and Asia. Vitas Sabaliauskas, research analyst: areas of expertise include flame retardant additives, pipe coating, insulation and Russian markets. Carole Kluth, senior project manager: areas of expertise include BOPP films, flexible packaging and polymer markets in Europe.

REGULAR CONTRIBUTORS In addition to our UK-based magazine team we have a number of regular contributors to our magazines. These highly experienced writers and industry experts are based in Europe and the USA. Jennifer Markarian: Based in the USA, Jennifer Markarian is a chemical engineering graduate and a highly experienced technical writer covering the plastics, pharmaceuticals and chemicals sectors. She also has industry experience, working for seven years with Mobil Chemical’s polyethylene group as a development and technical service engineer. Peter Mapleston: Based in Italy, Peter Mapleston is a very experienced plastics industry journalist and editor. He has a degree in polymer science and technology from the University of Manchester in the UK. Peter spent 17 years with Modern Plastics magazine, becoming its senior editor covering the full range of materials and processing technologies.

John Goff: Based in the UK, John Goff is a well respected expert and author on injection moulding technology with more than 35 years of industry experience. He was a senior lecturer at the University of London, and process engineering manager at Demag. He is now managing director of G&A Moulding Technology, a global consultancy. Pat Toensmeier: Based in the USA, Pat Toensmeier is a highly experienced plastics industry writer and editor. He was with Modern Plastics magazine for 17 years, including eight years as its editor-in-chief. He has also written for Plastics Technology, Plastics Engineering, Defense Technology International and Modern Mold and Tooling magazines.

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Polymers and additives | products


Foster adds new compounds for catheters Foster Corporation has launched ProPell thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) and polyether block

enhances the surface of

Foster’s new ProPell compounds reduce tackiness and friction in catheters

parts without substantially altering the physical properties of the polymer.

amide (PEBA) compounds for

Tests show that parts

the improved manufacturing

produced from ProPell TPU

and handling of medical

have a dry coefficient of

catheters. The company says

friction of 0.05, representing

that these new compounds

a 66% reduction compared to

dramatically reduce tackiness

the unmodified TPU polymer

and friction in soft and flexible

with a hardness of 80 Shore A. The results are even more

polymers while maintaining other physical properties of

flexibility to navigate vascular

to each other. Catheters made

pronounced in PEBA

the unmodified polymers.

pathways without causing

from these materials can also

polymers with a hardness of

trauma. However, the inherent

be difficult for physicians to

35 Shore D. Parts made from

PEBA polymers, with hardness

high friction and tackiness of

handle and push through

ProPell PEBA have dry

properties ranging from 80

these polymers can cause

vascular pathways.

coefficient of frictions 84%

Shore A to 35 Shore D, are

handling problems during

commonly used in medical

catheter tube extrusion and

compounds use a proprietary,


catheters that require

packaging since the parts stick

non-migratory additive that


Soft grades of TPU and


New yellow pigment from BASF

lower than the unmodified

ProPell low-friction


Vistamaxx boosts PP bottle LH Plus of Malaysia is using ExxonMobil’s Vistamaxx propylene-based elastomer

LH Plus is using Vistamaxx to boost the impact resistance of this PP bottle

BASF launched a new

(PBE) to improve the impact

red-shade yellow pigment,

strength of its new sports

Paliotol Yellow K 1750, at last

drinks bottles made from

month’s Chinaplas. It is based

random copolymer

picked a 5% loading of Vistamaxx

on a new patented chemistry

polypropylene (RCP).

3000 for bottles larger than 590

and offers a cost-effective

LH Plus had encountered

and loading level for this particular application. LH Plus

ml, which met the impact drop

alternative to heavy metal

some product testing failures

test requirements of the

and diarylide pigments

during drop tests with filled

customer, a US-based brand

bottles made from 100% RCP.


Paliotol Yellow K 1750 can

“Vistamaxx PBE is easy to

be used with polyolefins and

It therefore examined options

PVC grades for injection or

that would overcome the

process,” says Callum Chen,


problem, while maintaining the

CEO of LH Plus. “We dry-blend

clarity of the bottles and not

the Vistamaxx PBE with the RCP

for indoor consumer goods

requiring modification of the

before we injection mould and

such as toys and packaging.


The pigment can be used

then blow mould the bottles.

BASF says that it offers high

Drex-Chem, a local

There has been no change to our

colour strength, opacity and

distributor of ExxonMobil

tooling or moulding process and

excellent heat stability, plus

materials recommended

we are manufacturing an

it does not bleed in water.

Vistamaxx and helped with the

excellent product”.


selection of the most suitable grade



products | Polymers and additives


Momentive increases thermal conductivity Momentive’s CoolFX fillers

Momentive Performance Materials has launched

Target applications for

include: LED lighting;

CoolFX hybrid boron nitride

CoolFX include LED

consumer electronic devices;

fillers to increase the

lighting systems

aerospace and automotive

thermal conductivity of

cooling systems;, motor and

thermoplastics while

battery housings;

maintaining electrical

temperature sensors; and

insulation and dielectric

heat exchangers. Momentive produces more


than 70 standard and custom

The hybrid fillers have been developed to offer

grades of boron nitride

easier processing and more

powders and hybrid fillers to

consistent feeding compared

meet a wide range of

to traditional boron nitride

application requirements and

fillers. Momentive says that

cost-effective solution for

thermal conductivity have

has more than 50 years of

because they can achieve

thermal management

faster in-mould cooling, and

expertise in the synthesis

high thermal conductivities


can therefore be moulded with

and refinement of such

shorter cycle times.


at lower loadings, its CoolFX additives can also be a more

An additional benefit is that compounds with increased

Target applications for



Compounders combat counterfeiters Counterfeiting protection

standalone product protection

individual security code in the

continues to draw the

tool at dosages of around 1%, or

form of pigments that can be

attention of masterbatch and

can be combined with a colour.

verified using a special

the development of new

detector unit. Gabriel-Chemie

technically advanced

says that the security pigments

additives for Allied Bakeries

from Grafe and Gabriel-

are inert, inorganic and highly

as an anti-fraud measure for

Chemie, while compounder

temperature resistant.

bread basket theft,” says

compound producers, with new product introductions

Meanwhile, Austria’s Gabriel-Chemie recently

Luxus is hoping to use security

Marker technologies are

additives to combat product

also being investigated as a

theft in the UK.

tool to combat theft.

Germany’s Grafe Group

of the baker’s major costs. “We are currently trialling

Luxus sales manager James Ballantyne. “The new additives will be

UK-based recycling and

used for the manufacture of

has launched a patented

compounding specialist

traceable bread baskets to

additive masterbatch for

Luxus is developing a

both deter and aid detection

new compound for client

of theft. The addition of these

Allied Bakeries that uses

unique additives will ensure

product marking that can be detected both qualitatively and

traceable additive

that they are less desirable to

quantitatively using X-Ray

technologies to help tackle the

secondary materials markets


theft of bread baskets.

and are easier to detect,

Initially targeted at textile

Luxus has been providing a

while maintaining the same

fibres, the masterbatch

launched an additive

closed-loop recycling service

high quality performance,”

contains active ingredients that

masterbatch designed to

for Allied Bakeries’ end-of-life

he says.

are said to be unaffected by

combat counterfeiting of

bread baskets for several

normal PP, PA and PET

thermoplastic products.

years, during which time it has

processing. It can be used as a

Maxithen ProTec4 contains an

become clear that theft is one

❙ ❙ ❙



AGRICULTURAL FILM 2013 International industry conference on silage, mulch, greenhouse and tunnel films used in agriculture


16-18 September 2013 Hotel Meliá Castilla, Madrid, Spain Images courtesy of: AB Rani Plast Oy, Hyplast and Sara Guerrini

SPECIAL OFFER: Save €100 if you register before 2nd August 2013 Organised by:by: Organised Applied Market Applied Market Information Ltd. Information Ltd.

Sponsored by:

Media supporter:

Jenny Skinner – Conference Organiser Tel: +44(0)117 924 9442 Fax: +44(0)117 311 1534

products | Polymers and additives


Addivant commercialises renewable compatibilizers The compatibilizers can improve adhesion between bioplastics and natural fibres, such as rice husks


Addivant, the former

to increase the mechanical

GSDI helps HCR take the heat

antioxidant and UV stabilizer

and physical properties of

GSDI, a subsidiary of

business of Chemtura, has

such composites by

PolyOne, has launched

commercialised its first

improving the chemical

Silcosperse 500 dispersions

polymer modifiers derived

coupling of the polar and

to enhance the heat

from renewable resources.

non-polar components.

resistance of High

Polybond 6009 and 6029 act as

Polybond 6009 and 6029

Consistency Silicone Rubber

coupling agents or compatibil-

do not use petroleum-based

(HCR) in high-temperature

izers in formulations where

feedstocks and they both


high renewable content raw

contain greater than 95%

materials are desired.

renewable content raw

non-rare earth alternative to

The company says that

materials. Addivant says that

traditional heat stabilizers”,

there is an increased focus on

the coupling agents can also

Silcosperse 500 dispersions

reinforcing biopolymers with

be used as a tie layer in

increase the heat stability of

natural fibres, such as wood,

multi-layer extruded

HCR formulations to

rice husks, flax, hemp and

applications where a high

withstand temperatures up to

others. Its new Polybond

renewable content is desired.

500°F (260°C). This opens up

polymer modifiers can be used


a wide range of market

Described as “a unique,

applications in the automotive, aerospace and


Polyscope terpolymer raises the temperature for ETPs

appliances industries.

Polyscope has launched new

demonstrate no compromise

Examples include seals, covers, insulators, gaskets and O-rings. PolyOne says that independent test results

terpolymers consisting of

Polyscope’s Xiran IZ terpolymers

in processability and thermal

styrene, maleic anhydride

create styrenic ETPs with high

performance when compared

temperature resistance

and N-phenylmaleimide. The

to traditional rare earth

two new grades, Xiran

element-based technologies.

IZ1018M and IZ0721M, are

In addition, Silcosperse 500 is

designed to create styrenic

formulated for faster

engineering plastics with

weigh-up and integration

high temperature resistance

during manufacturing to

and low volatile residuals.

deliver operating efficiencies. The additive is supplied as

The new grades exhibit a glass transition temperature

a millable dispersion gum to

(Tg) of 175˚C or higher and

eliminate the problems

can be exposed to higher

associated with messy,

processing temperatures

Geleen in the Netherlands.

The company says that

hard-to-handle alternatives.

with excellent miscibility in

This enables the production

this results in the optimal

It is available in quantities as

styrenic polymers like ABS.

of terpolymers with high

balance between thermal

low as 10 lb (4.5 kg) for

thermal stability and excellent

improvement, mechanical

smaller volume, niche

products, Polyscope has

adhesion properties due to

properties and cost

applications and inventory

upgraded its continuous

the presence of the maleic



polymerization process at

anhydride groups.



In order to produce these



FIRE RESISTANCE IN PLASTICS 2013 Trends and technical developments in the international flame retardant industry

EARLY BOOKING DISCOUNT AVAILABLE For details on attending, booking a table top stand or sponsoring this premium conference, please contact Ms. Adele Brown, Conference Manager. Tel: +44 (0) 117 924 9442 Email:


12-14 November 2013 Maritim Hotel, Cologne, Germany Organised by: Applied Market Information Ltd.

Sponsored by:

Media supporter:

products | Polymers and additives


Hexpol reduces TPE compression set The Hexpol TPE group, which

the sample that fails to

organoleptic performance,

brings together Elasto and

recover to its original

making them suitable for a

height and is an important

variety of food packaging

Müller Kunststoffe, has developed a range of

performance indicator for

thermoplastic elastomer

applications such as seals,

(TPE) compounds that

flexible connectors and

have been engineered to


deliver low compression

For a 40 shore A

set values. The new

hardness TPE, typical

Dryflex CS grades are

compression set values are

based on SEBS and meet

65 to 70%, but with the

food packaging regulations.

Hexpol’s Dryflex CS TPEs have low

Compression set is the

compression set values and can

measure of permanent

be used in food packaging

deformation remaining when

applications. The range includes hardnesses from 40 to 90 shore A with a service temperature range from -40 to 100°C. Dryflex CS compounds are suitable for injection

Dryflex CS range this is

moulding and extrusion, plus

reduced to 40% (tests carrried

they adhere to PP and PE for

out for 22 hours at 100°C).

two-component applications.

Dryflex CS TPE compounds

The compounds are easy to

an applied force is removed. A

specified time and at a specific

are also compliant with FDA

colour with transparent

TPE sample is compressed to

temperature. The compression

and 10/2011 EC food contact

grades available.

a specific deformation, for a

set value is the percentage of

regulations, with improved



Axiall adds bio-based compounds


Devan wins award for fibre masterbatch breakthrough

Devan Chemicals has

Axiall, which was formed by

developed a functional

the merger of Georgia Gulf

masterbatch for

and PPG’s commodity

polypropylene fibres that

chemicals business, has

allows textiles to be dyed and

launched its new Aspire

printed using conventional

flexible PVC compounds

processes. Part of its @2spin

which feature bio-based

range, the masterbatch

plasticizers. They meet the

technology was awarded the

USDA’s BioPreferred

Techtextil Innovation Prize for

Program requirements with

New Materials at the

more than 25% renewable

Techtextil exhibition held


earlier this month in

are typically pigmented in the

properties are achieved if

Frankfurt, Germany.

mass during the extrusion

high quality dyes are used,

process, which makes sense

and that there are no

Aspire phthalate-free, bio-based vinyl compounds

It is not usually possible to

For this reason, PP fibres

washing and light fastness

are claimed to offer improved

dye PP fibres using

for large production runs but is

negative side effects on the

performance at a price that is

conventional dyeing methods

less viable for short runs.

fibre’s physical properties. It

equal to traditional flexible

applied to other synthetic

Devan’s new @2spin

is not revealing the chemistry

PVC formulations. The

fibres such as polyester or

masterbatch overcomes this

used in the masterbatch, but

compounds use organic

polyamide. This is due to the

limitation by modifying the PP

it has filed a patent

stabilizers and have low VOC

absence of reactive groups

fibres to allow uniform dyeing.

application for the new


and the hydrophobic


characteristics of PP.



The Belgium-based company says that good




13 20







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Elektrische Konnektoren


Elektrische Haushaltsgeräte

Rohr Armaturen

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(in Gramm)


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Learn all about... 2280 injection moulders which process over 2 million tonnes of polymers and operate over 55,000 machines.


ACLA-WERKE GmbH Frankfurter Str. 142-190 51065 Köln Contact: Herr G. Kiefer, Geschäftsleiter



ACCUMA DEUTSCHLAND GmbH Drausendorfer Str. 1 02763 Zittau Contact: Herr A. Rüberg, Verkauf





A. U. K. MÜLLER GmbH & Co. KG Dresdner Strasse 162 40595 Düsseldorf Contact: Prof. Dr. D. Riedel, Geschäftsführer ABEL GmbH & Co. KG Gewerbegebiet Ihne 7 58540 Meinerzhagen Contact: Herr R. Abel, Geschäftsführer



A. KAYSER AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS GmbH Hullerser Landstr. 43 37574 Einbeck Contact: Herr H. Borth, Geschäftsführer A. RÖSLER GmbH Wiesenauel 40 51491 Overath Contact: Herr G. Rösler, Inhaber



Addresses, contacts, polymers & markets

ISO 9001; 14001; 16949

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50 -



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ISO 9001


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Integrierte Spritzgiesserei



Anzahl der Maschinen


A-Z AUSRÜSTUNG UND ZUBEHÖR GmbH & Co. KG Ruhrallé 1/3 45525 Hattingen Contact: Herr O. Venschott, Geschäftsführer A. FOLLMANN GmbH Lindenstr. 14 54518 Niersbach-Greverath Contact: Herr A. Follmann, Geschäftsführer



A-FORM AG Gewerbegebiet Nord 7 09456 Mildenau Contact: Herr P. Parczyk, Vorstand
















A & T KUNSTSTOFF GmbH Wittenburger Str. 1 19209 Renzow Contact: Herr G. Augustin, Kaufm. Geschäftsführer

Click here for more details

(in Tonnen)

3D-PLASTIC HANS KINTRA GmbH Einruhrstr. 92 41199 Mönchengladbach Contact: Herr H. Kintra, Geschäftsführer











Germany is without a doubt the powerhouse of the European injection moulding industry. In depth knowledge of this industry can be yours with AMI’s new comprehensive guides and database.

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3D-PLASTIC HANS KINTRA GmbH Tel: 02166 43033 - Fax: 02166 41051 Email: Website: A & T KUNSTSTOFF GmbH Tel: 038874 23434 - Fax: 038874 23323 Email: Website: A-FORM AG Tel: 03733 55 09 0 - Fax: 03733 55 09 20 Email: Website: A-Z AUSRÜSTUNG UND ZUBEHÖR GmbH & Co. KG Tel: 02324 92020 - Fax: 02324 920299 Email: Website: A. FOLLMANN GmbH Tel: 06508 476 - Fax: 06508 596 Email: Website: A. KAYSER AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS GmbH Tel: 05561 7902 0 - Fax: 05561 7902 2090 Email: Website: A. RÖSLER GmbH Tel: 02206 2369 - Fax: 02206 4023 Email: - Website: A. U. K. MÜLLER GmbH & Co. KG Tel: 0211 7391 0 - Fax: 0211 7391 281 Email: Website: ABEL GmbH & Co. KG Tel: 02358 315 - Fax: 02358 8541 Email: Website: ACCUMA DEUTSCHLAND GmbH Tel: 03583 5166 0 - Fax: 03583 5166 22 Email: Website: ACLA-WERKE GmbH Tel: 0221 69998 0 - Fax: 0221 697121 Email: Website:

Available as a fully searchable database



ket Information Ltd. treet RH dom

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AMI’s database:




AMI’s Verzeichnis DIE DEUTSCHE SPRITZGUSSINDUSTRIE Band 1: Norddeutschland

AMI’s Verzeichnis DIE DEUTSCHE SPRITZGUSSINDUSTRIE Band 2: Süddeutschland




AMI’s Guide to the Injection Moulding Industry in Germany Volume 1: North Germany

8 Applied Market Information Ltd. 6 Pritchard Street Bristol, BS2 8RH United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0) 117 924 9442 Fax: +44 (0) 117 989 2128





AMI’s Guide to the Injection Moulding Industry in Germany Volume 2: South Germany

CD database format: The data from the two books is also combined into one fully searchable database

Book format: The data is available in two seperate books, Volume 1 North Germany & Volume 2 South Germany

CD database functions include: • Search and select records by name, country, polymer, market, number of machines, etc. • Export addresses and contacts to an excel spreadsheet

Download the programmes for these forthcoming conferences Simply click on the brochure cover or link to download a PDF of the full publication

Polyolefin Additives PolyolefinAdditives2013 International conference on compounding of polyolefins focusing on PP and PE materials and applications

10-12 September 2013 Hotel Nikko, Düsseldorf, Germany * + 19% German VAT

Images courtesy of: Songwon International AG

SPECIAL OFFER: Save €100* if you register before 19th July 2013 Organised by: Applied Market Information Ltd.

Media supporters:

Sponsored by:

The sixth Polyolefin Additives conference is being organised by AMI in Düsseldorf, Germany on 10-12 September. The programme covers the latest developments in a variety of additives for improving the properties, durability and appearance of PE and PP.

➤ Click here to download

1 1534 or email to:

11 1534 or Email:

Agricultural Film AGRICULTURAL FILM 2013 International industry conference on silage, mulch, greenhouse and tunnel films used in agriculture

16-18 September 2013 Hotel Meliá Castilla, Madrid, Spain Images courtesy of: AB Rani Plast Oy, Hyplast and Sara Guerrini

SPECIAL OFFER: Save €100 if you register before 2nd August 2013 Organised by: Applied Market Information Ltd.

Media supporter:

Sponsored by:

➤ Click here to download

Fax back to: +44 (0) 117 311 1534 or Email to:

Medical Grade Polymers Medical Grade Polymers 2013 Technical conference debating material selection, safety and manufacturing of medical devices

Photo courtesy of HTP-Meds, LLC.

September 17-18, 2013 Images courtesy of: HTP-MEDS LLC and POLYONE CORPORATION

Crowne Plaza Boston/Woburn, Woburn, Massachusetts, USA

Polymer Foam

AMI’s next conference on Medical Grade Polymers takes place in Woburn/ Boston, Massachusetts, USA, on 17-18 September. Download the brochure, which has the full programme with its impressive selection of expert speakers.

POLYMER F O A M 2013 International conference on blowing agents and foaming technology for polymer materials

Marriott Hotel, Hamburg Germany * + 19% German VAT

SPECIAL OFFER: Save €100* if you register before 4th October 2013

Media supporter:

➤ Click here to download

Media supporters:

Organised by: Applied Market Information Ltd.

➤ Click here to download

Fax back to: +44 (0) 117 311 1534 or Email:

Thin Wall Packaging THIN WALL PACKAGING 2013 International conference on market trends and developments in plastics tubs, cups and tray packaging

3-5 December 2013 Maritim Hotel, Cologne, Germany

Images courtesy of: Faech Plast AS, Micvac, Saentis Packaging AG and Silgan Plastic Food Containers

AMI’s eighth international conference on Thin Wall Packaging takes place on 3-5 December in Cologne, Germany. The programme includes speakers from throughout the supply chain for thermoformed and injection moulded packaging.

Sponsored by:

Compounding World Forum

The international conference on business strategies and new technologies for compounders

December 10-11, 2013 Hilton Philadelphia City Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA Images courtesy of: Coperion, Foster Corporation, PolyOne, Renault, and Teknor Apex

* + 19% German VAT

SPECIAL OFFER: Save €150* if you register before 1st November 2013 Organised by: Applied Market Information Ltd.

AMI is holding the Polymer Foam 2013 conference in Hamburg, Germany, on 19-21 November. Download this brochure to see the line-up of speakers who will cover developments in blowing agents and foaming technology for polymers.

19-21 November 2013

Images courtesy of: Zotefoams PLC

SPECIAL OFFER: Save $200 if you register before August 9, 2013 Organized by: Applied Market Information LLC

Taking place on 16-18 September in Madrid, AMI’s sixth Agricultural Films conference will bring together leading players in this dynamic and competitive market. Check out the programme which covers new technologies and strategies for success.

SPECIAL OFFER: Save $200 if you register before November 1, 2013

Media supporters:

➤ Click here to download

Organized by: Applied Market Information LLC & Compounding World

Sponsored by:

AMI and Compounding World magazine are holding the first Compounding World Forum in Philadelphia on 10-11 December. It will cover technical compounding developments, including market trends, new additive technologies and getting the most from twin-screw extruders.

➤ Click here to download

To see our full line-up of more than 25 plastics industry events over the next 12 months, please visit

This month’s free brochure downloads Simply click on the brochure cover or link to download a PDF of the full publication

This brochure covers PlasMec’s HEC High Efficiency Horizontal Cooler for the production of rigid or plasticized PVC dry-blend. Available in sizes up to 8,000 litres, it delivers high levels of efficiency, throughput and quality.

Buss: Kneader for cable compounds This eight-page brochure from Buss focuses on the company’s MX Kneaders and their use in the production of high-grade cable compounds, including HFFR products. The Kneaders feature quantec four-flight screw technology.

BUSS Kneader Series MX High-end compounding technology for high-grade cable compounds


PlasMec: PVC mixing/cooling

➤ Click here to download

➤ Click here to download 13394_216_Buss_MX_final_12.1.indd 1

Entek: extrusion solutions Extrusion Solutions for Compounding

16.01.12 09:39

Reduction Engineering: pelletizers

This brochure focuses on Entek’s extrusion solutions for compounding. It covers the company’s E-Max twin-screw extruders, its ability to offer complete turn-key systems, and its comprehensive spare parts service. Strand Pelletizer T200 Series Granulador de Hebra SerieT200

➤ Click here to download

Steer: EPZ screw elements This 20-page brochure from Steer Engineering features its wide range of screw elements including many innovative designs developed by the company. It also covers replacement barrels and shafts.

This brochure covers Reduction Engineering’s T200 Series strand pelletizers. They are designed to reduce maintenance and cleaning times – disassembly procedures that would typically take 30 minutes now take just 2 minutes.

➤ Click here to download

Feddem: twin-screw extruders Twin-Screw Extruder FED-MT

This eight-page brochure from Feddem showcases the German company’s FED-MT range of twin-screw extruders. These flexible machines can handle a wide range of tasks and are designed for quick changeovers.

FEDDEM GmbH & Co. KG Member of the Feddersen Group

➤ Click here to download

Mosaikweg 19 · 53489 Sinzig · Germany Phone: +49 2642 90781-30 · Fax: +49 2642 90781-99 ·

➤ Click here to download

If you would like your brochure to be included on this page, please contact Claire Bishop. Tel: +44 (0)20 8686 8139

compounder of the month

Gabriel-Chemie Head office location: Date founded: CEO: Ownership: No. of employees: Sales 2012: Plant locations: Capacity 2012:

Gumpoldskirchen, Austria 1950 Elisabeth Sommer, Rodolfo Santa Olalla Privately owned 460 (Gabriel-Chemie Group)

€86 million Austria, Germany, UK, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Russia 30,000 tonnes


With more than 60 years of experience, Gabriel-Chemie Group is one of Europe’s largest masterbatch makers. The company is currently building a new plant at Alabuga in the Russian Republic of Tatarstan. Initial capacity will be 4,000 tonnes/year, but in the final construction phase this will be increased to 14,000 tonnes/year of white, black, colour and additive masterbatch. The company is already present in Russia via a plant in Dorokhovo, near Moscow.

Product line:

Gabriel-Chemie’s portfolio is organised into these business units: building & agriculture; cosmetics packaging; food & beverage packaging; packaging for industrial and consumer goods; home & lifestyle; and medical. The product range consists of Maxithen grades with polymer-specific carrier materials and Unimax products based on universal carriers. It includes a wide range of additive masterbatches, plus colour and combination products.

Product strengths:

An integrated database consisting of several thousand formulations is shared by the production sites, allowing short lead and delivery times.

Forthcoming features The next issues of Compounding World magazine will have special reports on the following subjects: July Anti-microbials and biocides Screenchangers and melt filtration Understanding and monitoring colour

August PVC plasticizers Functional fillers First look at K 2013

Editorial submissions should be sent to Andy Beevers: For information on advertising in these issues, please contact Claire Bishop: Tel: +44 (0)20 8686 8139

Catch up on our recent issues for FREE Simply click on the cover to see the full magazine, or download the issue in the relevant Apple or Android app Compounding World – May Compounding World’s May issue has special features on: electrically-conductive additives and compounds; the latest wood-plastic composite technologies; and, developments in clarifiers, nucleating agents and processing aids. Plus it includes Chinaplas 2013 highlights.

Compounding World – April The 50th edition of Compounding World reports on sustainable compounding in action, plus it examines market drivers and technology innovations for wire and cable applications. It also covers developments in antioxidants, and troubleshooting for pellet defects. ➤ Click here to view

➤ Click here to view

Injection World – June The June issue of Injection World is packed with information on the latest trends in caps and closures, in-mould labelling and polymer distribution. In addition, it has useful tips on hot-runner control, coldrunner design and colour measurement techniques.

Injection World – May Injection World’s May edition is packed with information on the latest automotive applications, developments in process cooling, plus the latest in TPEs. It also has a guide on design for demoulding, and reports on the highlights of Chinaplas. ➤ Click here to view

➤ Click here to view

Pipe and Profile – May/June The May/June edition of Pipe and Profile Extrusion takes a close look at wood plastics composites, examines options for simulating plastic pipe extrusion, and explores the latest innovations in profile dies. It also reviews PVC additive developments. ➤ Click here to view

Film and Sheet – June The June issue of Film and Sheet Extrusion is filled with features on the following: barrier materials for boosting shelf life; recent developments in bioplastics; sustainability trends in thermoforming; and the latest control and instrumentation systems. ➤ Click here to view

Take out your own FREE subscriptions to any of the magazines. Click on the logos below to simply register on-line.

dates for your diary

Global exhibition guide 3-6 September

Applas, Shanghai, China

5-7 September

Plasti & Pack, Lahore, Pakistan

10-12 September

Plastec Midwest, Chicago, USA

25-26 September

Mediplas, Birmingham, UK

4-6 October

PPP Africa, Nairobi, Kenya

K 2013, Düsseldorf, Germany

Yiwu Packaging, Printing & Plastics, China

16-23 October 19-22 November 20-23 November

Plastics & Rubber Indonesia, Jakarta

Plast Eurasia, Istanbul, Turkey

Plastivision, Mumbai, India

21-23 January

Swiss Plastics, Lucerne, Switzerland

28-31 January

Interplastica, Moscow, Russia

Plastec West, Anaheim, CA, USA

5-8 December 12-16 December 2014

11-13 February 16-19 February

Saudi Plastics & Petrochem, Riyadh

4-6 March

Plastics & Rubber Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh

7-10 April

Plastivision Arabia, Sharjah, UAE

AMI conferences 10-12 September

Polyolefin Additives

16-18 September

Agricultural Film, Madrid, Spain

17-18 September

Medical Grade Polymers

12-14 November

Fire Resistance in Plastics, Cologne, Germany

19-21 November

Polymer Foam, Hamburg, Germany

10-11 December

Compounding World Forum, Philadelphia, PA, USA

2014 28-30 January

Thermoplastic Concentrates, Coral Springs, FL, USA

18-20 February

Grass Yarn & Tufters Forum, Barcelona, Spain

24-26 February

PVC Formulation, Düsseldorf, Germany

11-13 March

Cables, Cologne, Germany

18-20 March

Green Polymer Chemistry, Cologne, Germany

For information on all these events and other conferences on film, sheet, pipe and packaging applications, see

DON’T MISS A SINGLE ISSUE Register now for your free subscription at: And don’t forget to tell your colleagues, customers and suppliers about the magazine. You can use the e-mail button above (the @ symbol in the browser) to help spread the word.

Compounding World June 2013  
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