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To facilitate the movement of fluids through the interior cavities there is a ‘lubricating’ mechanism. All cell walls are charged positive on the outside, so they tend to repel each other. This keeps cells from clumping up and blocking the flow of water. It also keeps the red, white, and platelet cells in the arteries and capillaries, while pushing the serum to the outside. Uncharged water molecules, food fragments, gases, and salts move through the membranes more easily. The positive charge on the outside of the cell wall is due to the fact that the energy the cell produces from oxygen and fuel (blood sugar) is taken to the wall of the cell by the ADP/ATP mechanism and stored there. The wall operates like a battery, with a positive and negative pole, the inside of the wall being negative, the outside positive. Where the cells are joined together into tissues, the wall of the tissue has a positive charge. The Lymphatic System The blood in the capillaries feeds the interstitial fluids and the fluids feed the cells. Some of the waste products, like carbon dioxide gas, excess water and salts, and small fragments of protein, can move back into the veins, but an additional network is needed to drain the larger pieces back into the circulation. Lymphatic capillaries form vast networks in the fluids that pick up big chunks of protein from dead cells and bacteria. Protein fragments are usually negatively charged, so they are attracted into the positively charged lymphatic capillaries. As soon as water enters the lymphatics it is called ‘lymph.’ The lymphatic capillaries join together into long tubes with frequently spaced nodes or glands

through which the lymph is filtered. These glands harbor white blood cells (WBCs) that help break down these protein chunks into smaller pieces. The WBCs can diffuse across the lymphatic tissue membrane, back into the interstitial fluids. They leave back through the vein, which hurries them along to the liver and kidneys, where – if they are old and worn out – they are processed into replacement parts or waste products. The lymph moves more slowly than the venous blood – they are like a slow river and a fast one. The immune cells in the lymph glands or nodes are like grinders that grind the protein fragments down to a size that makes them more transportable in either the lymph or the veins. Physical movement particularly helps the particles move into the lymphatic ducts. Herbalist Michael Moore notes that if one has been inactive for a long time, a sudden bout of activity (or a lymph- activating herb) can stimulate movement of particles into and through the lymphatics, causing them to dump their contents into the blood stream. This can results autotoxicity symptoms like achiness and tiredness, with stress on the liver and kidneys. In addition to draining the internal waters of the body, they lymphatics also drain the inside of the surface of the skin and mucosa. Chunks of protein may get through these surfaces via insect venom, allergic reactions, or coagulated blood from injuries. The lymphatic capillaries also drain the membranes of the small intestine. The villi or tiny ‘hairs’ lining the intestinal wall each have a vascular capillary and a lymphatic capillary (called a ‘lacteal’) to carry away the byproducts of the digestive process. Blood vessels bring in fresh blood for the cells of the intestinal walls and pick up blood sugar and strands of protein fragments (three amino acids or less), while the lacteals absorb lipids, and carry them to

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