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‫ﺗﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﺓ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺳﻮﻡ‬

‫ﭼﺮﺍ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬

‫ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ‬ ‫| ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺍﻛﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻤﻨﺪ |‬

‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ ‪ 3‬ﺁﺫﺭ‪/‬ﻗﻮﺱ ‪ 1392‬ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ـ ‪ 5692‬ﺟﻤﺸﻴﺪﻯ‬

‫ﺗﻨﺎﻗﺾﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ‬

‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺍﻣﻀﺎء ﻛﻨﺪ؟‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫‪6‬‬

‫ا﹬‪ ﹟‬اد︻ـــ︀ ﹋﹤ ︻︡م ا﹞︱ـــ︀ی ︎﹫﹝︀ن‬ ‫ا﹞﹠﹫︐‪︀﹫﹞ ﹩‬ن ﹋︀︋﹏ و وا︫﹠﹍︐‪ ﹟‬و ︠︣وج‬ ‫︑﹝︀﹞‪︀﹫﹞︀︷﹡ ﹩‬ن ا﹞︣﹬﹊︀‪︀︊﹛︀︵ ،‬ن را از‬ ‫︗﹠﹌ ︋﹤ ︮﹚︛ ﹞‪ ،︡﹡︀︪﹋ ﹩‬﹬﹉ ︑︭‪﹢‬ر‬ ‫︋︀︵﹏ ا︨️‪.‬‬ ‫︵︀﹛︊︀ن ︋︡ون ︝︱‪﹢‬ر ﹡﹫︣و﹨︀ی ︾︣︋‪ ﹩‬و‬ ‫در ﹡︊‪﹢‬د ﹨﹫ـــ︘ ︎﹫﹝︀ن ا﹞﹠﹫︐‪ ﹩‬و ﹡︷︀﹞‪﹩‬‬ ‫دو﹛ـــ️ ا﹁︽︀﹡︧ـــ︐︀ن ︋ـــ︀ دول ︾︣︋‪﹩‬‬ ‫﹨﹝︙﹠︀ن ︋﹤ ︗﹠﹌ ادا﹞﹤ ﹞﹫︡﹨﹠︡‪.‬‬

‫ﺻــ ‪3‬‬

‫ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻛﺒﺎﺩ!‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﺗﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫آرزو دارم روزی ا﹬‪ ﹟‬ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻱ‬ ‫︋︣ا︋︣﹡︡‪.‬‬ ‫ا﹡︧︀ن﹨︀‬ ‫﹋﹤ﺑﺔ﹨﹝﹤ی‬ ‫︫‪﹢‬د‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺷﺎﻥ﹞︊︡ل‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻲوا﹇︺﹫️‬ ‫︝﹆﹫﹆️ ︋﹤‬

‫ﺻــ ‪2‬‬

‫﹞︀ر︑﹫‪﹌﹠﹫﹋︣︑﹢﹛ ﹟‬‬


‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﺓ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺳﻮﻡ‬

‫︨﹑م ︎﹫︣وزی‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺎﻗﺾﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﻨﺠﺸﻨﺒﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻟﻮﻳﻪ ﺟﺮﮔﻪ ﻣﺸﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﻛﺮﺯﻯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﮔﻪ ﺳـــﺨﻨﺎﻧﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻛـــﻪ ﺗﺒﺼﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻰﺷـــﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻧﮕﻴﺨﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺒﺼﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻏﻠﺒﺎً ﺟﺎﻧﺐﺩﺍﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻐﺮﺿﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﺬﺭﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺁﻥﭼﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﻬﻮﺩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺎﻗﺾﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻔﺘـــﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺳـــﺨﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﺒﻬﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﭘﻬﻠﻮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩ ﺷـــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺟﺎ ﻛﻮﺷـــﺶ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻢ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻨﺎﻗﺾﻫﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﻨﻢ‪:‬‬ ‫• ﺭﻳﻴـــﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺳـــﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎﻧﻪﺯﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻳﺶ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻳﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺭﺳـــﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳـــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘـــﻢ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺖ ﻛﺘﺒﻰ ﺑﺪﻫﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻼﺷـــﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺳـــﺮﺍﻧﺔ ﻣﻨﺎﺯﻝ ﻣﺴﻜﻮﻧﻰ ﻧﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳـــﻦ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﻋﺠﻠﻪ ﺩﺍﺷـــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﺔ ﺍﻭﻟﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺨﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺮﺍﺣـــﺖ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﻑ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳـــﻦ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﺗﻮﺷـــﻴﺢ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷـــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺳـــﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻃﻰ ﻳﻚ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ‪ 180‬ﺩﺭﺟﻪﺍﻯ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺣﺘﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺷـــﻤﺎ ﻭ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﻛﻮﻝ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫• ﻫﻢﭼﻨﺎﻥ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺸـــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺨﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺿﻤﻦ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑـــﻪ ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻣﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪" :‬ﻣﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺮﮔﻪ ﻫﻴﺞ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻡ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﺪﺍﻥ ﺷـــﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﻛﺴﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻛﺮﺯﻯ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﭼﻴﺰﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﻧﻜﻨﻴـــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟـــﺪﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﻥ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳـــﺪ" ﺍﻣﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻟﺤﻈﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩﺵ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﻳﺔ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻭ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻔﻊ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻰ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﺟﺮﮔﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺸـــﻮﻳﻖ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﻨﺎﻗﺾ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﭘﺮﺳﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻘﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻧﮕﻴﺨﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺷﻚ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺷـــﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺳﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳـــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺭﻳﻴـــﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻮﺷـــﺶ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻀـــﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺄﺧﻴﺮ ﺍﻧـــﺪﺍﺯﺩ؟ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺍﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺴـــﺖ؟ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻦﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻘﺪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻛﻤﭙﺎﻳـــﻦ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ؟ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻬﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳـــﺨﻨﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺭﺍﻳﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺴـــﺄﻟﻪ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺷﻔﺎﻑ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ ﻛﻪ "ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭﺳﺔ ﺭﺃﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻰ ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨـــﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻢ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻼﺕ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﻨﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﻮﻳﻖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻢ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺖ‪ ".‬ﺁﻥﭼﻪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺍﺳﺎﺳـــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻰﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻼ ﻛﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻣـــﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰﻫـــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﻳﻨﺪ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷـــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﮔﺬﺷـــﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﻮﻭﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺷـــﻜﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﺓ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻜﺎﻥ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷـــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰﻫﺎ ﻣﻨﺘﻔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻦ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳـــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭ ﺍﺳـــﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻳﻜـــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﺗﻴﻤﺶ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺭگ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻠﺐ ﻭ ﺗﺨﻠﻒ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻥﭼﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻴﻢ ﺍﺭگ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻭﻯ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻛﻨﺶ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻘﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺨﻠﻒﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺮﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻓﺸـــﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻨـــﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﻭﺍﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻴﻢ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮﺵ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺁﻥﭼﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻋﺰﻡ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺷﻔﺎﻑ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷـــﺪ‪ .‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺁﻥﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺰﻡ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺷـــﻔﺎﻑ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻢﭼﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺍﺩﺓ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﻋﺎﺟﻞﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻳـــﻦ‪ ،‬ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﺷـــﻔﺎﻑ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻢﭼﻨـــﺎﻥ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﻮﻳﻖ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﺩ‪.‬‬

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‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ ‪ 3‬ﺁﺫﺭ‪/‬ﻗﻮﺱ ‪ 1392‬ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ـ ‪ 5692‬ﺟﻤﺸﻴﺪﻯ‬

‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﺑﻬﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺳﺮﺩﺭ ﮔﻤﻰ‬ ‫ء‬

‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺳﻮﻡ‬

‫ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻼﺣﺎﺕ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴـــﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳـــﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭ‪ -‬ﺑـــﺎﻻ ﺑﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺳـــﺎﺧﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻜﺸﺎﻓﻰ‪-‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻳـــﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺻـــﻼﺡ ﺳﻴﺴـــﺘﻢ ﻫـــﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧـــﻚ ﺩﺍﺭﻯ –‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻼﺣـــﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ – ﺍﺭﺗﻘـــﺎﻯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘـــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻧـــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼـــﺎﺩﻯ – ﻣﻘﻴـــﺎﺱ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺩﻳﺎﺕ‪ -‬ﺧﻠﻊ ﺳـــﻼﺡ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻰ ﻗﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻁ‪ -‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳـــﺖ ﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑـــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﺎﺭ ﭼـــﻮﺏ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳـــﺎﻝ ‪ 2002‬ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﻣﻴﺸـــﻮﺩ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺖ ‪ 6‬ﺳـــﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﺭﺳـــﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣـــﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻳﻚ ﺳﻴﺴـــﺘﻢ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺤـــﺪﻭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺼﺪﻭﻡ ﻭ ﻧﺎ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺁ‪،‬ﺧﻮﺩ ﺟﻮﺭ ﻛﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺍﺏ ﻛﻦ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺳﻴﺴـــﺘﻢ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑـــﺎ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﮔﻴﻬﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺷـــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺴـــﺎﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻳﻚ ﺯﺭﺍﻋﺖ ﻣﻔﻠﻮﺝ ﻭ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺴـــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻗﺴـــﻤﻴﻜﻪ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻴﺸـــﻮﺩ ﻫﻤﻪ ﭼﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﻭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺭﺩﻧﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﮕﻰ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣـــﺮﺩﻡ ﺁﺭﺯﻭ ﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻧـــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤـــﻮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﺳـــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷـــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻲ ﺑـــﺎ ﺳـــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺗﺂﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺳـــﺎﻟﻬﺎﻱ ﺟﻨﮓ ﻧﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻨﺤﻴﺚ ﻳﻚ ﻗﻮﻩ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺸـــﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﺭﺍﻛﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺑﻦ ﺣﻴﻒ ﺷﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺪﻭ ﺗﺄﺳـــﻴﺲ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻌـــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺯﻭﻣﻨﺪﻱ ﺗﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺷـــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭﻟـــﺖ ﻧﻮ ﭘﺎﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺪﺭﺩﻱ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺩﺍﺷـــﺘﻪ ﺩﻭﺷﺎﺩﻭﺵ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮ ﺳـــﺎﺯﻱ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺳﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼـــﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨـــﮓ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ ﻫـــﺎ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻨـــﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺣﻜﻮﻣـــﺖ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻱ ﺩﻭﺍﻡ ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷـــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷـــﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺩ ﻫـــﺎﻱ ﻫﻤﺪﻳﮕـــﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺸـــﻨﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧـــﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺴـــﺮﺕ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺷﻲ ﻭ ﻣﺴـــﺮﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺷﺎﺩﻱ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻳﻪ ﺧـــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﺿـــﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﺴـــﺆﻝ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻳﺎﺭ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻓﺴـــﻮﺱ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻧﺸـــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑـــﺮ ﻣﻠﺤﻮﻇﺎﺗﻲ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴـــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺳﻮﺥ ﺧﻮﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻗﺎﻳﻢ ﺑﺴـــﺎﺯﺩ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻗﺎﻳﻢ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻗﺴـــﻤﻴﻜﻪ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺷﺪ ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﻴﮕﺬﺷـــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺍ ً ﻭ ﺗﻮﺋﻤﺎً ﮔﺴـــﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻴﻜـــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﺑﻤﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻲ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﺳـــﻂ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻨﺎﻡ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻮﺳﺴـــﺎﺕ ﻏﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻧﺠـــﻮ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻴﺸـــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟـــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮﮔـــﺰ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴـــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈـــﺎﻡ ﺍﺣﺘﺴـــﺎﺑﻲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺴـــﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺳﻮء ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍ ﺯ ﭘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ ﻛـــﻪ ﺑﻨﺎﻡ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺟﻮﺍﻣـــﻊ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳـــﺮﺍﺯﻳﺮ ﻣﻴﺸـــﺪ ﻭﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺛﺮﻭﺕ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑـــﺎﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﻴﺮﺳـــﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳـــﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ ﻫﻨـــﻮﺯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻲ ﻫﺴـــﺘﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ‪17‬ﺍﻟﻰ‪ 25‬ﻣﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﺍﻟﺮﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳـــﺮﺍﺯﻳﺮ ﺷـــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳـــﺖ‪،‬ﻛﺲ ﻧﻤﻴﺪﺍﻧﺪ ﭼﻘﺪﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺷـــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﭼﻘﺪﺭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳـــﻂ ﺗﻤﻮﻳﻞ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺷـــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭼﻘﺪﺭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳـــﻦ ﭘﻮﻟﻬﺎ ﺑﺴـــﺒﺐ ﻋـــﺪﻡ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺳـــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻓﻰ ﻭﺍﭘﺲ ﺭﺟﻌﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺣﻴﻒ ﻭ ﻣﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺷـــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻬﺎ ﺣﺬﻑ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳـــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻛﺴـــﻲ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﻧﻴﺴـــﺖ ‪.‬ﭼﻴﺰﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‪ 25‬ﻣﻠﻴـــﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﺍﻟﺮ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ‪25‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﺍﻟﺮ ﭘﻮﻟﻰ ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳـــﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺁﻧﺮﺍ ﻧﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﻭﻧﻪ ﻫﻢ ﻟﻤﺲ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑـــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﭘﻮﺭ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺳـــﻤﻰ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺍﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺻﺪ ﻫﺎ ﺳـــﺎﻝ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﺻﺮﻑ ‪ 614‬ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﺍﻟﺮ ﺑﺪﺳـــﺖ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑـــﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 25‬ﻫـــﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻠﻴـــﻮﻥ ﺩﺍﻟﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺕ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺍﺳﺖ‪).‬ﻭﺍﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰ ﻫﺎ ﻣﻤﺜﻞ ﻭ ﻧﺸـــﺎﻧﺪﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﺷـــﺪ ﺳـــﻜﺘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺻﺪ ﺳـــﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻮﻗـــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻌـــﺪ ﺍ ً ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻟﻲ‬

‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻲ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﮔـــﺮ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﺩﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻴـــﻜﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺣﺬﻑ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨـــﻜﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺠﺎﻫﺪﻳﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻲ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬـــﺎ ‪،‬ﻃﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﻳـــﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ)ﺍﻋﻀـــﺎﻯ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ( ﺗﻜﻨـــﻮ ﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻨﻴﺴﻦ ﻫﺎ ﻱ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴـــﻠﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺧﺮﺩﻩ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﺳـــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻧـــﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﺷـــﺎﺧﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﺑﺨﺸـــﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟـــﺖ ﺑـــﺰﻭﺩﻱ ﻣﻮﺳﺴـــﺎﺕ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺧـــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻤﻨﺪ ﺧـــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ ﺳﻴﺴـــﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺴـــﺘﻢ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺎﺑﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﻴﺴـــﻴﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻳﻰ ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷـــﺮﻛﺖ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺳﻴﻊ ﺗﺮﺍﻧﺴﭙﻮﺭﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺴﺎﺕ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﻭﻯ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺷـــﺪ‪.‬ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻰ ﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺎ ﺑﺴﺎﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺷـــﺒﻜﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺑﺘﺮ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺑﺴـــﺎﺯﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣـــﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺳـــﻤﻰ ﻣﻴﺒﺎﺷـــﺪ ﻭ ﭼﻨﺪﺗﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻧﺸـــﺮﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺨـــﺶ ﻣﻴﻜﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺩﺳـــﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﺑﺰﺭﮔـــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺷـــﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨـــﮓ ﻭ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴـــﺎﺕ ﻣﻠـــﻰ ﺟﺎﻣﻌـــﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻴﺸـــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻗﺴـــﻤﺎً ﺟـــﺎﺩﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺗـــﺮ ﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳـــﻔﺎﻟﺖ ﺷـــﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺷـــﺒﻜﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻛﻪ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﺍ ً ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺷـــﺒﻜﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻘـــﺎﻻﺕ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺍﺯ ﺷـــﻤﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻴﺸـــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﻴﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺮﺟﻰ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫» ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺗﻮﺳـــﻂ ﺳﺮ ﺁﻣﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺑﻪ ﺧـــﻮﺩ ﺑﻮﺳـــﻴﻠﻪ ﻧﺨﺒـــﮕﺎﻥ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﻧﮕـــﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺷـــﺨﺎﺹ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺨﺼﺺ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ ﺗﺸـــﻜﻴﻞ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻧﺴـــﺠﺎﻡ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺗﻜﻨﻮ ﻛﺮﺍﺗﻬﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﮔﻴﺮ ﻭﺩﺍﺭ ﺟﻨﮕﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻏﺮﺑﻲ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻭﻑ ﺳـــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺷـــﺨﺼﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻛﺎﺭﻱ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺷـــﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷـــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳـــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭﻟﻰ ﻋﺪﻩ ﺍﻯ ﺑـــﺎ ﺗﺮﻓﻨﺪﻭ ﻟﻄﺎﺋﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﺮﺑـــﻰ ﺁﻣﺪﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺮﻡ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺳـــﺎﺯﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻌﻀﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻜﻨﻮﻛﺮﺍﺗﻬﺎ ﻛﺮﺳﻴﻬﺎﻱ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ .2-2-3‬ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﻴﺴـــﺘﻢ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ .2-2-3-1‬ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﻩ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‪:‬‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺎﻧﻴﻜﻪ ﻭﺍﺣـــﺪ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻳﺪ ‪ »:‬ﺳـــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺘﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺍﻧﻜﺸـــﺎﻓﻲ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﺠـــﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺟﺎﻣﻌـــﻪ ﻋﻨﻌﻨﻮﻱ ﻳﺎﻏﻴﺮ‬

‫| ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﺳﻴﺪﻯ |‬

‫ﻣﺘﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﭼﻪ ﭘﺎﺭﭼﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺮ ﺳـــﻬﻠﻲ ﺭﺍ ﻧﭙﻴﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑـــﺎ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻓﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻨﻲ ﻭ ﺍﺛـــﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻓﻌﻞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻔﻌـــﺎﻻﺕ ﺁﻧﻬـــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﻫـــﺎﻱ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜـــﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸـــﻜﻴﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ « ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻧﺎﺷﻲ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﭼﮕﻲ ﺍﻗﻮﺍﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳـــﺮ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺸـــﻜﻞ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷـــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺑﻨﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭﺩ ﺳـــﺮ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﺪﻱ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺻـــﺪﻭ ﭘﻨﺠﺎﻩ ﺳـــﺎﻟﻪ ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺷـــﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﻓﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻗـــﻮﺍﻡ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻭ ﺯﺩ ﻭﺑﻨـــﺪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺮ ﺳـــﺮ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻼﺕ ﺑﻴﮕﺎﻧﮕﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻴـــﻞ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻛﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺳـــﻲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩ ﺷـــﻮﺭﻭﻱ ﻭ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺍ ً ﺍﻳﺎﻟﺖ ﻣﺘﺤـــﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭼﻬﻞ ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭ ﻏﺮﺑﻲ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﺎ ﺳـــﺎﻟﻤﻲ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﺸﻮﺍﺯ ﺭﺷـــﺪ ﻣﻠﺖ ﻣﺎ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻬﺎﺟﻢ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳـــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﻴﭻ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﻤﻴﻦ ﻭﻳﺎ ﺍﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺷﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺁﻣﺪﻳﻢ ﺗﺎ ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺷﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻳـــﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺩﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻋﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺷـــﻤﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴـــﺮ ﺑﺪﻫﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﺩﻭﺳـــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻮﺳـــﻂ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﻭ ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺎ ﺑﺠﺎ ﺷـــﺪﻩ ﺍﺣﺪﻱ ﻫﻢ ﻧﻤﻴﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻤﺎﻧـــﺎﻥ ﻧـــﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻧـــﺪﻩ ﮔﻤﺎﻧﻪ ﺯﻧﻲ ﻣﻨﻔﻲ ﺩﺍﺷـــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷـــﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴـــﺎﻳﻞ ﺗﻮﺳـــﻂ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺫﺭﻳﻌﻪ ﻧﺴﻞ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﻭﺷـــﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻗﻀﺎﻭﺕ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷـــﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻌﺎﻧـــﻲ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻇﻲ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻲ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷـــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺷـــﺎﻩ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻩ ﺍﺑﺪﺍﻟﻲ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺳـــﭙﺲ ﺧﻠﻊ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﺍﺋﻲ ﻭﻻﻳﺖ ﺧﺮﺍﺳـــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺪﻧﻪ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﻳﺎ ﺷﺎﻩ ﺷـــﺠﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻚ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸـــﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺵ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺭﻳﻜﻪ ﺷﺎﻫﻲ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺸـــﻮﻳﻖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺷـــﻨﺪ ﻭﻟﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻊ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺁﻥ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳـــﻲ ﻭ ﻗﻀﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣـــﺎ ﻣﻴﺒﻴﻨﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻫـــﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﻳـــﻦ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺸﻮﺩ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻗﻮﻱ ﻣﻮﺳﺴـــﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻧﻰ ﻭﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺗﺂﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﮔـــﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﻛﺘﻮﺭﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺳـــﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺒـــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳـــﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻧﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺑـــﻦ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻓﺮﺿﻬﺎﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺡ ﻭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺳﻴﺴـــﺘﻢ ﺑـــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻴﭗ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳـــﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻣﺴـــﺠﻞ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳـــﻦ ﻧﻮﺷـــﺘﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﻫﻤﺨﻮﺍﻧﻲ ﻭ ﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺨﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣـــﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ‪...‬‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﻭﺷﻨﻲ ﻣﻰ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻳﻢ‪.‬‬


‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﺓ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺳﻮﻡ‬

‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ ‪ 3‬ﺁﺫﺭ‪/‬ﻗﻮﺱ ‪ 1392‬ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ـ ‪ 5692‬ﺟﻤﺸﻴﺪﻯ‬

‫ﭼﺮﺍ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺍﻣﻀﺎء ﻛﻨﺪ؟‬

‫ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳـــﻜﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺳـــﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﻣﻴـــﺎﻥ ﻃﺮﻓﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﻨﺠﺎﻧﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﺪﺭﺍﺯﺍ ﻛﺸـــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺷـــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻌﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺳـــﺎﻝ ‪ 2014‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰ ﺷـــﻮﺩ؛ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻘﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳـــﻮﻯ ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﻫـــﺎ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺳﻴﺎﺳـــﻰ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳـــﻰ ﻣﻰ ﺷـــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﻏﻢ ﺗﻔـــﺎﻭﺕ ﻧﻈﺮﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻫـــﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺑﻞ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺷـــﻨﮕﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﻭ ﺷـــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﺿـــﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻨﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺪﻻﻝ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﻴﻦ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻀـــﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤـــﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳـــﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺎﻟـــﻒ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻋﻤ ً‬ ‫ﻼﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻇﺎﻫـــﺮ‪ ،‬ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻃﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋـــﺪﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﺷـــﺘﺒﺎﻩ ﻧﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﻚ ﺧﻴﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺗﻠﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﺑﺴـــﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻰ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ - 1‬ﺍﻣﻀـــﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑـــﻪ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪ ﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺄﻣﻴﻦ ﺻﻠﺢ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰ ﺷـــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑـــﺮ ﺧﻼﻑ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺑﻰ ﺛﺒﺎﺗﻰ ﻣﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻣﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ - 2‬ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﺠﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖ ﻫﻤﺴـــﺎﻳﮕﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺨﺸـــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮ ﻋﻜـــﺲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺧﺎﻟـــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ‬ ‫ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖ ﭘﺎﻛﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸـــﺪﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﻣﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ - 3‬ﺍﻣﻀـــﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺿﺮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺳـــﺘﻘﻼﻝ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺧﺪﺷﻪ ﺩﺍﺭ ﻣﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ - 4‬ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﺮﺧـــﻼﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻋﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻀـــﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤـــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﻙ ﻣـــﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻧﻤﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺜﺎ ِﻝ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺼـــﺪﺍﻕ ﻧـــﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳـــﺮﺍ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﻫـــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻓﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮﻧﮕﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺻﺪﺍﻡ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻬﺪﺍﻡ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﻭ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻳﻞ ﺷـــﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻓﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

‫‪ - 5‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﻭ ﺫﻫﻨﻴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻘﺎﻯ ﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻴﺴـــﺖ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻣـــﻰ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻀـــﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﺻﻠﺢ ﻭ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻰ ﺷـــﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻳـــﻚ ﺫﻫﻨﻴﺖ ﻧﺎﺩﺭﺳـــﺖ ﻭ ﻧﺎ ﻣﻌﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﺳـــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻩ ﺳـــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷـــﺘﻪ ﻳﻜﺼﺪﻭ ﭘﻨﺠﺎﻩ ﻫـــﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳـــﻰ ﻭ ﻏﺮﺑـــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﺻﻠـــﺢ ﻭ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻛﺎﻡ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻴﭽﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﻤﻴﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷـــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺑﻴﺴـــﺖ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﺆﻓﻘﻴﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺷﻨﺪ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ - 6‬ﺍﻣﻀـــﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳـــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔـــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻨﺎﻗﺾ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺷـــﺮﻳﻌﺖ ﺍﺳـــﻼﻣﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻦ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺷﺮﻋﺎً ﻧﺎﺟﺎﻳﺰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺿﻌﻒ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﻫـــﺎﻯ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺳـــﺘﺪﻻﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷـــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺎﺕ ﺿﻌﻴﻒ ﻭ ﺍﺳـــﺘﺪﻻﻝ"ﭼﻮﺑﻴﻦ"ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸـــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻮﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻜﺎﺕ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺳـــﺘﺪﻻﻻﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﺪﺷـــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳـــﺘﻘﻼﻝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴـــﺖ ﻣﻠـــﻰ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻴﮕـــﺮﺩﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻣـــﻰ ﺑﻴﮕﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺑﺴـــﺘﮕﻰ ﺑـــﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺍﺳـــﺘﻘﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﻰ ﺷـــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﭘﺮﺳـــﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑـــﺎ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﺴـــﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻔـــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺷـــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﺳـــﺘﻘﻼﻝ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻤـــﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺮﺩﻳـــﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴـــﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺁﻳﺎ ﺍﺳـــﺘﻘﻼﻝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴـــﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺑﻴﺸـــﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷـــﺪ؟ ﺁﻳﺎ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳـــﺘﻘﻼﻝ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﺨﻦ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﺳـــﺦ ﺩﺭﺳـــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳـــﺘﻘﻼﻝ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺒﻮ ِﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺒﻮ ِﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺴـــﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳـــﻌﻪ ﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳـــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳـــﺘﻘﻼﻝ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ؟ ﺁﻳﺎ‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎ ِﻥ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻔـــﺮﻕ ﻭ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﻓﻘﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻟـــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻋﻘـــﺐ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻫـــﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻴـــﻖ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋـــﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻨـــﮓ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺯﻋﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﻧﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖ ﭘﺎﻛﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳـــﺘﻘﻼﻝ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﻛـــﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺎ ﺣﺘـــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻤـــﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳـــﻂ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺧـــﻼﻑ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗـــﺮﻙ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﻳـــﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﻋﻮﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻳﺒﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ ﺁﻣﻴـــﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺍﻏﻮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﻋﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻔﻊ ﻃﺎﻟﺒـــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺪﻩ ﺍﺳـــﺖ‪ .‬ﭼﻨﻴـــﻦ ﺫﻫﻨﻴﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﺿـــﺎﻉ ﻭ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳـــﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺎﻣـــﻰ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺨﻮﺍﻧـــﻰ ﻧـــﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳـــﻰ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴـــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺑﺤﺮﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧـــﺪ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺧـــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺠﺎﻯ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺩﻋﺎﻯ ﻋﺪﻡ ﻣﺸـــﺮﻭﻋﻴﺖ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﺩﺭﺱ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻳﻌﺖ ﺍﺳـــﻼﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴﺰﻯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺭﻳﺎﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻋﻮﺍﻡ ﻓﺮﻳﺒﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﻴﺴـــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺴـــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺍﻫﺎ ﺑﻴﺸـــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﻄﺒﺎﻕ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳـــﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻳﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺎﻃﺮ ﺭﺿﺎﻯ ﺧﺪﺍﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺴـــﻮﻳﻰ ﺑـــﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋـــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻃﺎﻟﺒـــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺴـــﻮﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺳـــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻬﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺳﻮﺳﻰ ﭘﺎﻛﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﻣﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ‪:‬‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳـــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳـــﺶ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻤـــﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻳـــﻜﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴـــﻴﺎﺭ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺷﻮﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻓﻬﻢ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺩﻋﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤـــﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺑﻞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺷـــﻨﮕﺘﻦ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪ ،‬ﻃﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﻨﮓ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻠﺢ ﻣﻰ ﻛﺸـــﺎﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻃﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺎﻟﺒـــﺎﻥ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫـــﺎﻯ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻫﻴﭻ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭﻝ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨـــﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻨﮓ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳـــﻮﻯ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻧﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳـــﺘﻘﻼﻝ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻎ‬

‫ﺷـــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮ ﺧﻼﻑ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﺬﻛﻮﺭ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳـــﺒﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﻼﻝ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﺴـــﻴﺎﺭ ﺣﻴﺎﺗـــﻰ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗـــﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟـــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼـــﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳـــﻜﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﮕﺮﺩﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪﻯ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻴﻘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳـــﻦ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﻚ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺄﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﻜﺸـــﺎﻓﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺳـــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳـــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺮﺍﺣﺖ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷـــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻋـــﺪﻡ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤـــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺁﻧﻬـــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼـــﺎﺩﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻊ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑـــﺎ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻧﺎﺗﻮ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺭژﻳﻢ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺑﺴـــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺮﺑﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺰ ﺭﺍ ﻗﺎﻧﻊ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ‪ 2014‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨـــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﻣﺮﻳـــﻜﺎ ﺑﺼﻮﺭﺕ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺁﻥ ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻛﻤـــﻚ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﻤـــﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻭ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼـــﺎﺩﻯ ﻏﺮﺏ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺧﻼﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺩﻩ ﻯ ﻃﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻛﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳـــﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺗـــﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺟﻨـــﮓ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻣـــﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻀﻌﻴـــﻒ ﺁﻥ ﻣـــﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻣـــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛـــﻪ ﺑﻴﻄﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﻛـــﻪ ﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺑـــﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺣـــﻞ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴـــﺘﻠﺰﻡ ﺗﺄﻣﻴﻦ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺷـــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻳﻚ ﻃﻌﻤﻪ ﻯ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺴـــﺎﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺮﻭﺭﻳﺴـــﺘﻰ ﺗﻜﻔﻴﺮﮔﺮﺍ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺳـــﺎﺯﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺣﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺒـــﻮ ِﺩ ﺗﻌﻬﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘـــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻳـــﻚ ﻳﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻛﺸـــﻮﺭ ﻣﻘﺘﺪﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺍﻳـــﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﺤـــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﺍﻥ ﻏﺮﺑـــﻰ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴـــﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺯﻋﻪ ﻭ ﺟ���ﮓ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺳﻴﺎﺳـــﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻣـــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠـــﻒ ﻣﺎﻓﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬

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‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺳﻮﻡ‬

‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ ‪ 3‬ﺁﺫﺭ‪/‬ﻗﻮﺱ ‪ 1392‬ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ـ ‪ 5692‬ﺟﻤﺸﻴﺪﻯ‬

‫ﻣﺘﺼﺪﻯ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‪ :‬ﺻﺎﻟﺢ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺧﻠﻴﻖ‬

‫ﺻﺪﺍ ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻧﻰ‬

‫�ﺮز��ﻦ �ﻦ‬

‫ﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻦ!‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻯ؟‬ ‫ﭼﻘﺪﺭ ﭘﺮﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﻴﻢ ﺧﻨﻚ ﺁﻣﻮﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺴﻮﺍﻧﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻗﺺ ﻣﻰ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻫﻞ ﺑﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻣﻴﺮ ﺍﺗﻦ ﻣﻴﻜﺮﺩﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺵ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﭼﻘﺪﺭ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﭘﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻬﺎﻯ ﺑﻠﺦ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﺧﻰ ﭘﻴﺮﻫﻨﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺩﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻻﻟﻪ ﻛﺎﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﭼﻘﺪﺭ ﺁﻫﻮ ﺷﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺩﺷﺘﻬﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻋﺎﺷﻖ ﺷﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻋﺎﺷﻖ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﻣﻴﻜﻨﻰ؟‬ ‫ﻣﮕﺮ ﮔﺮﻣﺎﺑﻪ ﻫﺎﻳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻄﺮﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﻡ؟‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻦ!‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﭼﻘﺪﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺢ ﺗﻮﻟّﺪ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﻛﻨﻰ؟‬

‫ﮔﻞ ﻧﻈﺮ‬

‫� ﺳﺎ�ﻞ آ�ﻮ‬

‫ﺗﻮ ﺭﻣﺰ ﻫﺠﺮ ﺩﻟﻬﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻙ ﺩﻳﺎﺭﻡ ﺭﻫﮕﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮ ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻈﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﻭﺻﻞ ﻭ ﺟﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻴﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﺣﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻈ ّﻔﺮ ﺑﺎﺵ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺧﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻳﻚ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﺑﺨﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﺪ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﺍﮔﺮ ﭼﻪ ﻛﺸﺘﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺭﻩ ﭘﻮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻝ ﻣﺎﻳﻞ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻳﻚ ﺳﺎﺣﻠﻰ ﺟﻮﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻃﻦ ﺟﻮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺗﻠﺦ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺣﻠﻬﺎﻯ ﺗﻮ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﻣﻮﺟﻬﺎﻯ ﺗﻮ ﭼﻪ ﭘﺮﺷﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﻭﺻﻞ ﻭ ﺟﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻝ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﭼﻪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﻣﻬﺮ ﻭ ﭼﻪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﻧﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﺗﻮﺳﺖ ﺳﺎﺣﻠﻬﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺗﻮ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﮔﻮﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺎﻟﻪ ﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺩ ﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﻭ ﻛﻬﺴﺎﺭ ﺗﺎﺟﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﭼﻮ ﺳﺎﺣﻠﻬﺎﻯ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﭘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺝ ﺳﺮﻭﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﻢ ﺳﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻮﺟﻬﺎﻯ ﺗﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﮕﺮ ﺑﺸﻨﻴﺪ ﻟﻔﻆ ﺭﻭﺩﻛﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﭼﻪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻯ ﺷﻌﺮﺵ ﺗﺸﻨﻪ ﮔﻰ ﺑﺮﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﭼﻪ ﺳﺎﺣﻠﻬﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﺩﺵ ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻧﺪ ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﻢ ﺳﺮ ﻧﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺎ ﺩﺭﻳﺎ!‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﻢ ﺳﺮ ﻧﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺳﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺭﻡ ﭘﻴﺶ ﭘﺎﻯ ﺗﻮ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺍﭘﺎﻯ ﺗﻮ ﺑﻮﻯ ﺁﺏ ﻭﺧﺎﻙ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎ ﺑﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺒﻮﺳﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺒﺎﻥ ﺟﺎﻧﻔﺰﺍﻯ ﺗﻮ‬

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‫ﻋﻨﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﷲ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﺑﺎﻣﻴﻚ‬

‫ﮐﺎخ ﺑ�ﻨﺪ دو�� ﺳﺎﻣﺎ�ﻢ آرزو�ﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﺮﻧﻢ ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻧﻢ ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻧﻢ ﺁﺭﺯﻭﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻞ ﻣﻬﻴﺐ ﻭﺣﺸﻰ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻧﻢ ﺁﺭﺯﻭﺳﺖ‬

‫ﺁﻭﺍﺯ ﺭﻋﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻭﺵ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ ﺍﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻻﻳﺰﺍﻟﻰ ﻋﺮﻓﺎﻧﻢ ﺁﺭﺯﻭﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﻟﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﺭﺯﺍﺭ ﻳﺄﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻄﺮ ﻭ ُﮔﻞ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺍﻭﺕ ﻭ ﺑُﺴﺘﺎﻧﻢ ﺁﺭﺯﻭﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭ ُﮔﻞ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﻣﺖ ﺍﻯ ﻛﻮﻩ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻯ ﺑﻠﺦ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺒﺰ ﺷﻮﻯ ﺁﻧﻢ ﺁﺭﺯﻭﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺭﻭﺩﻛﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻰ ﻭ ﺭﺍﺑﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺥ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻢ ﺁﺭﺯﻭﺳﺖ‬

‫ﺑﻴﮋﻥ ﻣﺤﺘﺸﻢ‬

‫�ﮫﺪ �ﺪ�ﺸﺎن‬

‫ﻛﻤﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻧﺎﺭﻯ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺱ ﺁﻣﺪ َﻭ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺸﻤﺖ ﻗﻨﺎﺭﻯ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻰ ﺷﻬﺪ ﺑﺪﺧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮ ﺟﺎﻣﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﭙﺲ ﺷﻬﺪ ﺑﺪﺧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺷﺪ‬

‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺷﺮﻡ ﺁﮔﻴﻨﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻚ ﻭ ﻳﻜﺪﻡ ﺑﻬﺎﺭﻯ ﺷﺪ‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﭼﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻳﺦ ﺯﺩﺓ ﺷﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻳﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺼﺪ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﭘﻨﺠﺮﻩ ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻧﻢ ﺁﺭﺯﻭﺳﺖ‬

‫ﻭ ﺳﺎﻛﺖ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺷﺐ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺸﻢ ﺷﻴﺮﻳﻨﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺣﻮﺍﺱ ﺷﺐ ﻓﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﺪ‬

‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺳﻜﻮﺕ ﺳﻨﮕﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻜﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺵ ﻭﺧﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﺟﻨﺒﺶ ﻭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻧﻢ ﺁﺭﺯﻭﺳﺖ‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺷﺐ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺐ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺗﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺁﻥ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﺶ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺎﺭﻯ ﺷﺪ‬

‫ِ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺖ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻡ ﺗﻤ ّﻮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺴﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺮﻳﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻼﻃﻢ ﻭ ﻃﻐﻴﺎﻧﻢ ﺁﺭﺯﻭﺳﺖ‬

‫ﻓﻴّﺎﺽ ﻣﻬﺮﺁﻳﻴﻦ‬

‫»ﮔﻔﺘﻰ ﺯ ﻧﺎﺯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﻣﺮﻧﺠﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺍ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﮔﻔﺘﻨﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﻣﺮﻧﺠﺎﻧﻢ‪ ،‬ﺁﺭﺯﻭﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺪﺳﺖ ﺟﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻳﻜﺪﺳﺖ ﺯﻟﻒ ﻳﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺼﻰ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻧﻢ ﺁﺭﺯﻭﺳﺖ«‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﻳﺶ ﻣﻴﺮﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺧﻠﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺧﻴﺎﻟﻢ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻧﺎﻧﻢ ﺁﺭﺯﻭﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻣﺴﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺵ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫»ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻭ ﻫﻮﻯ ﻭ ﻧﻌﺮﺓ ﻣﺴﺘﺎﻧﻢ ﺁﺭﺯﻭﺳﺖ«‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺳﺮﻭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻝ ﻣﺎ ﭼﻨﮓ ﻣﻴﺰﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺮ ﻭﻏﺰﻝ‪ ،‬ﭼﻜﺎﻣﺔ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻧﻢ ﺁﺭﺯﻭﺳﺖ‬

‫� �ِ �ﻮ راه آ�ﻦ ﺳﺎ���ﻢ‬

‫ﺷﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﺵ ﺍﻯ ﻣﻴﻬﻦ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﻍ ﺁﺭﻳﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺑﻠﺦ ﺑﺎﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﮔﻮﻫﺮ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﻳﺎﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺝ ﻭ ﺗﻮ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ﻧﮕﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻯ ﮔﺮﺍﻣﻰ ﺯﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﻮﻟﻮﻯ‬ ‫»ﻣﺸﺮﻕ ﺻﺪ ﺁﻓﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻯ«‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ُﺷ ُﻜﻮﻩ ﭘﺎ ِﺭ ﺗﻮ ﺑﺮﭘﺎ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﺩﻳﺮﻭﺯﺕ ﭘﻞ ﻓﺮﺩﺍ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﺑﺮﻳﺸﻤﺖ ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺘﺔ ﻭﺻﻞِ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬

‫ﺍﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻧﻮﺭﺩ‬

‫و��ﻢ‬

‫ﺷﺒﻴﻪ ﺭﺧﺖ ﻋﺮﻭﺳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻴﺸﻮﺩ ﻛﻔﻨﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻮ ﮔﺎﻫﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻭ ﮔﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﻃﻨﻢ!‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺷﻌﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮔﻮﺵ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻳﻨﻪ ﮔﻰ ﻣﻴﺘﺮﺍﻭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺨﻨﻢ‬

‫ﺍﻯ ﻣﻮﻟﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻴﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺮﻳﻢ ﻋﺸﻖ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﺖ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻢ ﺁﺭﺯﻭﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ ّ‬

‫ﻣﺎ ﻭ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻧﻮ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑ ِﺮ ﺗﻮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺁﻫﻦ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻴﻢ‬

‫ﭘﻞ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺮﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺁﺷﻜﺎﺭ ﭼﻬﺮﺓ ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻧﻢ ﺁﺭﺯﻭﺳﺖ‬

‫ﭘﺮﻧﻴﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻣﺎ ﺷﺪ ﺁﻫﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺴﻠﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺷﺘﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻤﺸﻴﺮ ﻛﻴﻦ‬

‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻟﻄﻒ ﻛﺮﺩﺓ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺔ ﺩﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻢ ﺑﮕﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻢ ﺁﺭﺯﻭﺳﺖ‬

‫ﻣﺎ ﺩﮔﺮ ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﺳﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺴﭙﺎﺭ ﺻﺒﺢ ﻧﻮﺭﺍﻓﺰﺍﺳﺘﻴﻢ‬

‫ﺳﻜﻮﺗﮕﺎﻩ ﺻﺪﺍ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺨﺮﻩ ﻣﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﭼﻪ ﻫﻤﺼﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﻴﺼﺪﺍ ﺷﺪﻧﻢ‬

‫»ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺢ ﺧﻴﺮ« ‪ ...‬ﺻﻠﺢ ﺑﻜﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ ﻗﺮﺁﻧﻢ ﺁﺭﺯﻭﺳﺖ‬

‫ﺷﺎﺩ ﺯﻯ ﺍﻯ ﺑﻠﺦ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺯ ﭘﺮﮔﻬﺮ!‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﺩﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮ‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻯ ﺷﺐ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻨﺲ ﺁﺳﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍﻍ ﻭﺳﻮﺳﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺪﺭﻧﮓ ﻣﻴﺸﻜﻨﻢ‬

‫ﺷﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﺵ ﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺙ ﺧﺎﻙ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ ﺁﺭﻳﺎﻥ!‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﻔﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺸﻖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺭﻧﺞ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺮﻭﺩﻩ ﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﺳﺮﻭﺩﺓ ﻭﻃﻨﻢ‬

‫ﺍﻯ ﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﮔﻰ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺮﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮ ﮔﺰﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ...‬ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻢ ﺁﺭﺯﻭﺳﺖ‬

‫ﻧ َﻔﺲ ﻧ َﻔﺲ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺸﺶ ﺯ ﺗﻮﻓﺎﻧﻬﺎﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﻳﺮﻩ ﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻗﻴﺎﺳﺶ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﻣﻨﻢ‬


‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﺓ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺳﻮﻡ‬

‫ﺁﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻫﺎ‬

‫‪ ...‬ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﻚ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﺎﺗﻮﻟﻴﻚ ﻭ ﺗﺨﺎﺭﻯ ﭼﻴﺰﻯ ﻣﺸـــﺘﺮﻙ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻤﺎﻳﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻰ ﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫»ﻣﺮﻛـــﺰ ﮔﺮﺍﻧﺶ« ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﻫـــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﻣﺨﺘﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻳﻰ ‪ 20‬ﻭ ‪ 40‬ﺩﺭﺟﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳـــﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻧﻮ ﺍﺗﻨﻮژﻧﻴـــﺰ ﻳﺎ ﺯﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﺒﺎﺭﻯ )‬ ‫‪ (ethnogeny‬ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻰ ﺁﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴـــﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻗﻢ ﻣﻰ ﺯﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﻥ ﭘﻬﻦ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻬﻦ ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻤﺎ‪ paleoevropeoidov‬ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺘﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﻳﻰ ﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﺰﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﻫﺎ ‪ Mediterraneans‬ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟـــﻜﺎﻥ‪ -‬ﻛﺎﺭﭘﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻫـــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﮋﺍﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪ 2.‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﺕ ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧـــﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺘﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﻳﻰ )ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﭼﻬﺮﻩ ﺑﺎﺭﻳﻚ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺍﺯ ﻭ ﺳـــﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪ(‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻰ ﻧﻪ ﻳﻜﺴـــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺳـــﺘﺎﻧﻰ‪ :‬ﻛﺘﻪ ﻛﻮﻣﺒﻨﻰ ‪catacombni‬‬ ‫ﻫـــﺎﻯ )ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺁﺭﻳﺎﻳـــﻰ ﻫـــﺎ(‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ‪ -‬ﺳـــﺮﻭﺑﻨﻰ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫)‪ (srubni‬ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺑﺎﺷـــﻰ ﻫـــﺎ )‪ ( abashe‬ﻭ ﻓﺎﺗﻴﺎﻧﻔﻮﻯ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫‪) -fatyanov‬ﺗ ُﺨﺎﺭﻫﺎ( ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺁﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻕ ﺩﺷﺖ ﻫﺎ )ﺍﺳﺘﭗ‬ ‫ﻫﺎ( ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﻳﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻭﺑﻨﻰ ﻫﺎ ‪ srubni‬ﻭ ﺍﺑﺎﺷﻰ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺷﺖ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭﺧﺘﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ‪ .‬ﺗﺨﺎﺭﻯ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺷﺖ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺟﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻛﻤﺮﺑﻨﺪ ﺩﺭﺧﺘﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﺷﺘﺎﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﻨﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮﻭﺑﻨﻰ ﻫﺎ‪ -‬ﻧﻴﺎﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷـــﻤﺎﻝ‪ -‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻓﺎﺗﻴﺎﻧﻮﻓﻰ)‪ (Fatyanovo‬ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻭﻟﮕﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻻﻧﻒ ﻓﺮﻭﭘﺎﺷـــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺿﻪ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺩ ﺩﻧﻴﭙﺮ‪ -‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺩﻧﻴﭙﺮ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺑـــﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺁﻣﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻴﺰﺵ ﻳﺎﻣﻨﻰ ﻫﺎ )ﮔﻮﺩﺍﻟﻰ ﻫﺎ( ﻭ ﺭﻳﺴﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﺎ )ﺷﻨﻮﺭﻭﻳﻜﻰ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫– ]ﺷـــﻨﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺳـــﻰ‪ -‬ﺳـــﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻃﻨﺎﺏ ﻳﺎ ﺭﻳﺴـــﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ‪-‬گ([ ﭘﺪﻳﺪ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ‪ -‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻛﺘﻪ ﻛﻮﻣﻴﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﮔﻮﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺧﻤﻪ ﻳﻰ )ﺁﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ( ﻭ ﭘﺎﻟﺘﺎﻭﻯ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨـــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻻﻳﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎﻣﻪ ﻳﻰ ﻫﺎ )ﮔﻮﺩﺍﻟﻰ ﻫﺎ( ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴـــﺘﻨﺪ ﻓﺸـــﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺴﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﺎ )ﺷﻨﻮﺭﻭﻳﻜﻰ ﻫﺎ( ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺗﺎﺑﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺗﻴﭗ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﻳﻤـــﻰ ﺍﻧﺘﺮﻭﭘﻮﻟﻮژﻳﻚ )ﺍﻧﺴـــﺎﻥ ﺷﻨﺎﺳـــﺎﻧﻪ( ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﺎﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺟـــﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻗﺒﺎﻳﻞ ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﺎﻳـــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺷـــﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻗﺰﺍﻗﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﻧﺪﺭﻭﻧﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺍﻧﺪﺭﻭﻧﻰ ‪ ،Androns‬ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﺗﺮ ﻓﺌﻮﺩﺭﻭﻓﻰ ﻫﺎ ‪Fedorov‬‬ ‫ﭘﺪﻳﺪﺁﻣﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻬﺎﺕ ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺒﺎﻳﻞ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺩﺍﻟﻰ )ﻳﺎﻣﺎﻳﻰ( ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ -‬ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻬﻦ ﺳـــﻴﻤﺎ ﻭ ﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺯ‪.‬��� ‫ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﻧﺨﺴـــﺘﻴﻦ ﻛﺴـــﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺎ ﺳـــﺮ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻳﻚ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺳـــﺎﻝ ﭘﻴـــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺒﺮﻯ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﻗﺒﺎﻳﻞ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﻓﺎﻧﺎﺳﻴﻒ ﺍﺳﻜﺎﻥ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﭘﻬﻦ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ژﻧﻴﺘﻴﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺭﭘﻨـــﻰ ﻫﺎ )‪ (repin‬ﭘﻴﻮﻧﺪ ﺩﺍﺷـــﺘﻨﺪ )ﺑﺎﺷـــﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﺳـــﺘﻮﮔﻰ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺋﻨﻴﻮﻟﻴﺘـــﻰ( ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﭘﻬﻦ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻬﺮﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻟﻰ)ﻧﻴﻜﺎﻥ ﮔﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳﻠﺖ ﻫﺎ؟( ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﻣﻰ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻓﺌﻮﺩﻭﺭﻓﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴـــﺖ‪ .‬ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﭼﺸﻤﺎﻥ ﺁﺑﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷـــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻣﻞ ژﻥ ‪ R1a‬ﺁﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ )ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬

‫ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻣﻰ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ )ﺍﻛﺴﭙﺪﻳﺸﻦ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ( ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ(‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﭗ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻭﻝ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﻭﺳﻴﺒﻴﺮﺳﻚ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﺰﺍﻗﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺪﻩ ﻫﻔﺪﻫﻢ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﻼﺩ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺟﺎ ﺗﺎ ﺳـــﺪﻩ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﻼﺩ ﻣﻰ ﺯﻳﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ ﻋﺼﺮ ﻧﻮﺳﻨﮕﻰ ﺷﺮﻕ ﻗﺰﺍﻗﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻧـــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺪ ﺷـــﻴﻮﻩ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ‪ -‬ﺷـــﺒﺎﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴـــﻜﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺳـــﻴﻞ ﺑُﺮﻫـــﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺩﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﻳﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺧﺘﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳـــﻴﺒﺮﻯ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﺑﻜﻮﭼﻨﺪ‪ -‬ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻫـــﺎ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻛﺸـــﺘﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺸـــﺘﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺪﺭﻭﻧﻮﻳﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪ andronoid‬ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺩﮔﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺩﺷﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺧﺎﺳﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻧﺎﻣﻨﻬﺎﺩ »»ﺭﺩﭘﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻤﺸﺪﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﻪ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﭘﻨﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺒﺎﻳﻞ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺷﺮﻗﻰ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﻮﺍﻡ ﺁﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻨﺪ ﺭﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻗﺒﺎﻳﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺷـــﺖ ﻫﺎ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻛﻮﭼﺮﻭﻯ )ﭼﺎﺩﺭﻧﺸـــﻴﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻣﺪﺍﺭﻯ( ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﻳﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺍ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻗﺒﺎﻳﻞ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﺭﺍﺿﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻕ ﺗﺮﻛﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﺗﺨﺎﺭﻯ ﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺟﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﭗ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺳﻴﺒﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺷـــﺘﺮﺍﻙ ﻭﺭﺯﻳﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﻗﺒﺎﻳﻞ ﺁﺳﻴﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻴﺎﻯ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻓﺴـــﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺗﻨﻮژﻧﻴﺘﻴﻚ ) ‪ ،(ethnogenetic‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳـــﻄﻮﺭﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺁﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺳـــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﺁﺳﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺁﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﻮﻫـــﺎ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺍﻧـــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺳـــﺖ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺴـــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺪﻩ ﺳـــﻴﺰﺩﻫﻢ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﻼﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻳﮓ ﻭﻳﺪﺍ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﻣﻰ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻨﺠﺎﺏ ﻭ ﺁﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺁﺳـــﻴﺎﻯ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـــﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺷﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺷﻤﻨﻰ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻕ ﻗﺮﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺳﺮ ﺑﻜﺸﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﻳﻜﺠﺎ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﻩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ )ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷـــﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ( ﻣﻰ ﺯﻳﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﭘﻨﺪﺍﺷـــﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﻬﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴـــﺘﻴﻦ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ »ﻫﻮﺍﻧﻴﺮﺍﺕ« )‪») (Hvanirat‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺭﺍﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳـــﻮﺍﺭﻥ ﻣﻬﺮﻳﺎﻥ«( ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺩﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ »ﺭﺍﻫﻪ« ﻳﺎ »ﺭﻫﻪ« ﻭ‬ ‫»ﻭﻫﻮﻯ‪ -‬ﺩﺍﺗﻴﺎ« ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻮﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻓﺴﺎﻧﻪ ﻳﻰ )ﻳﺎ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ؟( »ﻫﺮﺍ« )»ﻫﺮﻩ« ﻳﺎ »ﻫﺎﺭﺍ«( ﺳﺮﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﻣﻰ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﻳـــﺎﻯ ﻣﻴﺎﻧـــﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﻭﻛﺎﺵ )‪ (Vorukash‬ﻣﻰ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺭﻭﺩﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﻮﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺗـــﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻛﺮﺩ‪» .‬ﺭﻫﻪ« ﻳﺎ »ﺭﺍﻫﻪ« )ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻫﻢ »ﺭﺱ«‪» -‬ﺭﺍﺱ«(‬ ‫– ﺭﻭﺩ ﻭﻟﮕﺎ ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺩ ﻭﻫﻮﻯ‪ -‬ﺩﺍﺗﻴﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺁﻣﻮ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺴـــﺘﺮ ﭘﻴﺸـــﻴﻦ ﺍﻭﺯﺑﻮﻯ ‪ Uzboi‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻯ ﻛﺴﭙﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﻭﻛﺎﺵ) ‪ (Vorukash‬ﻣﻰ ﺭﻳﺨﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮﺍ‪ -‬ﻧﺎﻡ ﻛﻮﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﺭﻭﺩﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﺑﺮ ﻭﻟﮕﺎ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﮋﺩﻩ ﺭﻭﺩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ .‬ﺭﺷﺘﻪ ﻛﻮﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﻔﻘﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻝ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻣﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺗﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷـــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ ﺩﺷﺖ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺍﻧﻴﺮﺍﺕ )‪(Hvanirat‬‬ ‫)ﻣﻴﻬﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ( ﺳﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻓﺮﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﭘﻨﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻫﻮﺍﻧﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺷﻨﺎﺳـــﻰ – ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﻩ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺎﻧﺖ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ‪...‬ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨـــﮓ ﺍﻧﺪﺭﻭﻧﻰ ‪ Andronovo‬ﺍﺳـــﺖ‪-‬‬

‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ ‪ 3‬ﺁﺫﺭ‪/‬ﻗﻮﺱ ‪ 1392‬ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ـ ‪ 5692‬ﺟﻤﺸﻴﺪﻯ‬

‫ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ ‪...‬‬

‫ﺟﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﺠﺐ ﻧﻴﺴـــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻧـــﺎﻥ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﮕـــﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺳﺎﻟﻢ ﺩﺍﺷـــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺵ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺷﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺧـــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﻭﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻬـــﺎﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺜ ً‬ ‫ﻼ ﻛﻢ ﻛﻢ ﺿﺮﺑﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺒﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﻴﺎﻭﺭﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩ ﺗﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﻭ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺭﻭﺍﻥ ﺷﻨﺎﺳـــﺎﻥ ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﺳـــﭙﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺳـــﻪ ﺗﻜﻨﻴﻚ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻣﺆﺛﺮ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷﻴﺎء ﻳﺎ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻏﻠﺒﻪ ﺑﺮﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺍﺣﺴـــﺎﺱ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻴﺠﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﺮﺍﻧﮕﻴﺨﺘﮕﻰ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻮﻟﻮژﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻋﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻲ ﺑﺎﺷـــﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻴﭻ ﻛﺲ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺧﻼﺹ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺟﺘﻨﺎﺏ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺧﺸﻤﮕﻴﻦ ﺳـــﺎﺯﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻳﺎ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻳﺎﺩ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻭ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﺮ ﺍﻧﺪ ؟‬ ‫ﻃﺒـــﻖ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺩﻓﻦ ﺑﺎﭼﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﻌﻀﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﺎً ﻧﺴـــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻰ ﭘﺮﻭﺍ ﺗﺮ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﺴـــﺒﺖ ﺑـــﻪ ﻋﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺯﻭﺩ ﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻰ ﺷـــﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺷـــﺎﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻋﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺟﻠﺐ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺷـــﻮﺩ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺴـــﻴﺎﺭ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ ﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻭ ﻛﺞ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺳـــﺎﻧﻲ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺷﻨﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺷﻴﺎء ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮﺕ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻗﻬﺮ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺰﻭﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺟﺴـــﻤﻰ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻً ﺯﻭﺩ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻰ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﻧﺎﻛﺎﻣﻲ ﺩﺭﺁﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺩﻭﺳﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺭﺍﺣﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺁﺯﺭﺩﻩ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﺳﺎﺯﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻗﺪﺭ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺗﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭﺁﻥ ﻗﺪﺭ ﺁﺗﺸﻴﻦ ﻣﺰﺍﺝ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻮﻗﻴﻌﻴﺘﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻭﻓﻖ ﻣﺮﺍﺩ ﺷﺎﻥ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺷـــﺘﺒﺎﻫﻲ‪ ،‬ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺷـــﺪﻳﺪﺍ ً ﺗﻨﺒﻴﻪ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻠﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﺭﺛﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺎﻳﻞ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻮﻟﻮژﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﮔﺮﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺷـــﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻌﻀﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻫﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻌﻀﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻮﺩﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻨـــﮕﺎﻡ ﺗﻮﻟﺪ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ ﭘﺬﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﺯﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻧﺞ ﻭ ﻛﺞ ﺧُ ﻠﻖ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳـــﻦ ﻋﻼﻳﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﺪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﻠﻞ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ـ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﺎﺷـــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎً ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻘﻰ ﻣﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻳﺎﺩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺿﻄﺮﺍﺏ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺴﺮﺩﮔﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺱ ﻭﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﻴﺠﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺧـــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﻔﻰ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺎﺩ ﻧﮕﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻳﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻌﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻫـــﺎ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻳـــﻦ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﺆﺛﺮ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺳـــﺎﻧﻰ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺷﻔﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻫﻢ ﮔﺴﻴﺨﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻗﺪ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻴﺠﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻً ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺑﺎﻻ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻓﻘﺮ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻳﺎ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻃﻐﻴﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﻙ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻌﻀﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺷـــﻤﺮﺩﻥ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻫﻨـــﮕﺎﻡ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﮔﺴـــﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺧﺎﺷﮕﺮﻯ ﻣﻰ ﺷـــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻛﻤﻜﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬

‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺷـــﺨﺼﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﻭ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﻤـــﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷـــﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺷـــﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﻫﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻠﺒﻪ ﺑﺮﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ‬ ‫‪ .1‬ﺁﺭﻣﻴﺪﮔﻰ ‪ :‬ﺭﻭﺵ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﺁﺭﻣﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺗﻨﻔﺲ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﻭﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﺳـــﺎﺯﻯ ﺫﻫﻨﻰ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺩﺭﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺷـــﻤﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻣﺸـــﻜﻞ ﻭ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻜﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺗﻜﻨﻴﻚ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺭﻣﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻳﺎﺩ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻲ ﺩﺭﺍﺯ ﺑﻜﺸـــﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﺸـــﻤﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺒﻨﺪﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﭽﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺧـــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺁﺭﻣﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻭﺭﻳﺪ ﻭﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻫﺎ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﻫﻴﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﻴﭽﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺭﻣﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﺮﺳـــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻥ ﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺲ ﺑﻜﺸـــﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﻔﺲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺗﻮﺟـــﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻴﺪ ﻳﻚ‪ .‬ﺩﻭ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺑﻜﺸـــﻴﺪ ﻭﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻡ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ‪ .‬ﺍﻳـــﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ‪ 20‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﻫﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺳـــﻌﻰ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺍﻯ ﻧﻔﺲ ﻛﺸـــﻴﺪﻥ ﺗﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺸـــﻨﻮﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳـــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﻣﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻲ ﺩﺭﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸـــﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺪ ﻳﻚ ﻭﺍژﻩ ﻳﺎ ﻛﻠﻤﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻜﺮﺭﺍ ً ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜ ً‬ ‫ﻼ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻴﺪ‪ :‬ﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﺑﺎﺵ‪ ،‬ﺳﺨﺖ ﻧﮕﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺵ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺁﺭﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺫﻫﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺻﺤﻨﻪ ﻳﺎ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺯﻳﺒﺎ ﻭ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺠﺴﻢ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺟـــﺎﺯﻩ ﻧﺪﻫﻴﺪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻓﻜﺮ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺫﻫﻦ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺭﻣﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺩﺳﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻋﻀﻼﺕ ﺷـــﻤﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶ ﺑﺮﺳـــﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶ ﺷـــﻤﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﺎﻳـــﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳـــﺪ ﻳﺎﺩ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﺪ ﻫـــﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺗﻨﺶ ﺯﺍ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰ ﮔﻴﺮﻳـــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻨﻴﻚ ﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ - 2‬ﺑﺎﺯﺳـــﺎﺯﻯ ﺷـــﻨﺎﺧﺘﻰ ‪ :‬ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧـــﺪ ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻤﺎﻳـــﻞ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺻﺪﺍﻯ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﺣﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﻧﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺳﺰﺍ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﻭﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻌﻜـــﺲ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﺴـــﺘﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭﺗﺎﻥ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨـــﺪ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﺍﻏﺮﺍﻕ ﺁﻣﻴﺰﻭ ﻏﻤﻨﺎﻙ ﺑﺎﺷـــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺒﺜﺖ ﺗﺮ ﻭﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺗﺮ ﺍﻧﺪ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴـــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛـــﻪ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻴﺪ ‪ :‬ﺍَﻩ ﭼﻪ ﻗﺪﺭ ﺑﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﭼﻘﺪﺭ ﻭﺣﺸﺘﻨﺎﻙ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﭼﻴﺰ ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﻙ ﻭ ﻣﻀﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺘﻢ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻤﻰ ﺁﻳﺪ‪" .‬ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺗﺎﻥ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻴﺪ‪ " :‬ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻠﺖ ﻣﻀﻄﺮﺏ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺩﺭﻙ ﺍﺳـــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﻧﻴـــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻧﺮﺳـــﻴﺪﻩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻧﻤﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺮﺍ ﺍﺳﻴﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺵ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ".‬ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﻣﺜﻞ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﺮ ﻫﺮﮔﺰ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﻤﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎً ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺵ ﻛﺎﺭﻳﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎً‪ ،‬ﻫﺮﮔﺰ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺎً ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻧﻴﺴـــﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺎ ﻫﺮ ﺷﺨﺺ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻲ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺠﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺣﻞ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺗﻮﻫﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻣﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺼﺪ ﻛﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﺑـــﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺪﺗﺮ ﻣﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺎً ﺩﻳﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻣﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﻳﺪﻥ ﺩﻭﺳﺖ ﺗﺎﻥ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻧﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﮔﻔﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﻣﺜﻞ ‪ :‬ﺗﻮﻫﻤﻴﺸـــﻪ ﺩﻳﺮ ﻣﻰ ﻛﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﺁﺩﻡ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺴـــﺌﻮﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺷﺨﺺ ﺑﻰ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻫﺴﺘﻰ ﻭ ‪ ...‬ﺍﺟﺘﻨﺎﺏ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﭼﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖﺩﺍﺭﺩ ‪...‬‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﻰ ﺗﺎﻥ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﻣﻰ ﺯﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎ‬

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‫ﺁﺭﻳـــﺎﻳﻰ ﻫــــــﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻳـــﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻫـــﺎ‪ :‬ﻣﻴﻬــــــﻦ ﻧﺨﺴـــﺘﻴﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬـــﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﻫﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘــﺎﻳﻰ ﻫــﺎﻯ ﻗــﺪﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺷﺖ ﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﺭﺁﺳــــﻴﺎ )ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻫـــﺎﻯ ﻧﺌــﻮﻟﻴﺖ )ﻧﻮﺳـــﻨﮕﻰ( ﻭ ﺑُﺮﻧــﺰ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸــــﻴﻦ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺯ ﺳـــﺪﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ‪ V -IV‬ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﻼﺩ ﻗﺒﺎﻳﻞ ﺩﺷﺖ ﻧﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻨﺒﺶ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺨﺴـــﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﻮگ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ )ﺍﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺎ( ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﺑـــﺎﺕ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴـــﻴﺎﺭ ﭘﻴﺸـــﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺋﻨﻮﻟﻴﺘﻰ )‬ ‫‪ Eneolithic)1‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺗﺮﻯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳـــﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺳـــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﺻﻠﺢ ﺁﻣﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﺎﺭﺍﺝ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺧﺸﻮﻧﺖ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺟﺪﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻧﻮ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻩ ﺗﻮﺩﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﮔﺬﺷـــﺘﻪ ﺷـــﻜﻮﻫﻤﻨﺪ ﭼﻮﻧﺎ ِﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺮ ﻃﻼﻳﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑـــﻰ ﺭﺣﻤﺎﻧﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫»ﻣﺴـــﻴﻦ« ﻓﺮﺍ ﺭﺳـــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻓﺎﺗﺤﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﻓﺮﺍﺯ ﺗﭙﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺳﺎﻛﻦ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ ﺷـــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨـــﺪ ﺧﺪﺍﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﭙﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺸـــﻦ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺷـــﮕﺰﺭﺍﻧﻰ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳـــﺮ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺸـــﺘﺮ ﺷـــﻜﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﺮﻭﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳـــﺪﻩ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﻼﺩ ﻗﺒﺎﻳﻞ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻧـــﻪ ﻫـــﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺩ ﻭﻟﮕﺎ ﺣﺎﻣﻞ ﮔـــﺮﻭﻩ ﺧﻮﻧـــﻰ ﺁﺭ ‪ 1‬ﺑﻰ‪-‬‬ ‫)‪ (haplogroup R1b‬ﺑـــﻪ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺁﻣﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﺎﺩﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨـــﮓ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻧﺎﭘﺪﻳﺪ ﺷـــﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﭘﺪﻳﺪ ﺁﻣﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻢ ژﻧﺘﻴﻚ )ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺁ‪ .‬ﻛﻮﻟﻴﺴﻒ(‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻫﻮﺍﻟﻴﻨﻰ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﺮ ﺷﺘﺎﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﻧﺴـــﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﻫﺎﭘﻠﻮﺗﻴﭗ ﺣﺎﻣﻞ ‪ R1b‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﺷﺖ‬

‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﺓ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺳﻮﻡ‬

‫ﻳﻜﺸﻨﺒﻪ ‪ 3‬ﺁﺫﺭ‪/‬ﻗﻮﺱ ‪ 1392‬ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ـ ‪ 5692‬ﺟﻤﺸﻴﺪﻯ‬

‫ﺁﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ‬

‫ﺩﺍﻧﻮﺏ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﻳﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪﻩ ﺁﻥ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ژﻥ ﺁﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ‪ -‬ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﺎ )ﻭ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻻ ﻧﻴﺎﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻭﻫﺎ( ﺑﻪ ﺳـــﻤﺖ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﻋﻘﺐ ﻧﺸـــﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﭗ ﻫﺎ ﮔﺮﻳﺨﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺎﺗﻮﻟﻰ ﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﺨﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺩﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻗﺒﺎﻳﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎ ﺳﺮﻛﻮﺏ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻧﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺮﻳﺨﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ‪ -‬ﺭﭘﻴﻦ ﻫﺎ )‪ - (repin‬ﻧﻴﺎﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﺎﻧﺎﺳـــﻴﻔﻰ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷـــﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺿﻪ ﺭﻭﺩ ُﺩﻥ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺯﻳﺮ‬

‫| ﻋﺰﻳﺰ ﺁﺭﻳﺎﻧﻔﺮ |‬

‫ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﻭﺯﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻭﺭ ﺭﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺰﺍﺭﻩ ﺳﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺳﻴﺒﻴﺮﻯ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺁﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ )ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﮔﻮﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﻛـــﻪ ﻓﺮﺯﻧـــﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﺁﻥ ﻫـــﺎ‪ -‬ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻜﺎﻧﺪﻳﻨﺎﻭﻯ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺳـــﻼﻭﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ(‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳﺮ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﻳﺰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﺏ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺍﻟﻰ ‪ 3300 - 3400‬ﺳـــﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﻼﺩ ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﺍﺳـــﺘﭗ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻯ ﺷـــﺮﻗﻰ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻧﻮﺍﺳﻮﺑﻮﺩﻧﺴـــﻜﺎﻳﺎ‬ ‫)‪) (novosvobodnenskaya‬ﺷـــﻤﺎﻝ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻗﻔﻘﺎﺯ( ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﮋﻧﺎﻣﻴﺨﺎﻳﻴﻠﻮﻓﺴـــﻜﺎﻳﺎ ‪) nizhnemihaylovskaya‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺿﻪ ﺭﻭﺩ ﺩﻧﻴﭙﺮ( ﭘﺪﻳﺪ ﺁﻣﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺴـــﺎﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﻯ ﻫﺎ )ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻣﺎﻳﺎﻛﻮپ‪ 3500 – 3700 -‬ﺳـــﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻼﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ(‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳـــﺘﭗ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﻔﻘﺎﺯ ﺷـــﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺷﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺭﺳـــﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﻯ »ﻗﺮﻏﺎﻧﻰ« )ﺗﭙﻪ ﻳﻰ( ﺳـــﺎﺧﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﻨﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻗﺒﺎﻳﻞ ﺍﺳـــﺘﭙﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻧﮕﻪ ﺩﺍﺷـــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺷﺘﻰ ﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﻩ ﺍﺳـــﺘﭗ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻳﺎﻣﺎﻳﻰ ])ﮔﻮﺩﺍﻟﻰ‪ -‬ﻳﺎﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻥ‪ -‬ﮔﻮﺩﺍﻝ(‪-‬گ‪ [.‬ﺍﺷﻐﺎﻝ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ )ﺩﺭ ‪ 3200 - 3800‬ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﻼﺩ(‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺳـــﺎﻝ ﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻝ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﻮﺏ ﭘﻬﻦ ﻣﻰ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﺎﻟﻮﺩﻩ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺭﭘﻴﻦ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺧﻮﺍﻟﻴﻨﻰ‪ Khvalynskaya‬ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺭﭘﻴﻦ ﺳﺮ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻳﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻯ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻤﺎ )ﺍﺭﻭﭘﻮﻳﻴﺪ( ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﭙﻰ ﻗﺒﻠ���‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﻨـــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﭼﻬﺮﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻬﻦ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭼﻬﺮﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺭﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ژﻧﺘﻴﻜﻰ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺣﺎﻣﻞ ﻫﺎﭘﻠﻮﺗﻴﭗ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫‪ R1b‬ﻭ ‪ R1a‬ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺎﺟﻢ ﺳـــﻠﺖ ﻫﺎ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩ ﺗﺒﺎﺭﻯ‪ -‬ﺯﺑﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﮔﺮﮔﻮﻥ ﺳـــﺎﺧﺖ‪» .‬ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﮔﺮﺍﻧﺶ«‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻧﻘﻞ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﻴﺮﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﻫﻨﺪﻭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺷـــﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﻮﺏ ﺗﻴﺮﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺗﺎﺏ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﻂ ژﻧﺘﻴﻜﻰ ﺍﺭﻣﻨﻰ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻳﻮﻧﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ »ﺳﻠﺘﻰ«‪ ،‬ﻭ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺭﻳﺸﻪ ﺁﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻠﺘﻴﻚ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺻـ ‪5‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﻚ‪،‬‬

‫ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ‬

‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ‬

‫ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺳﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺁﺩﻣﻰ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻣﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺷﺎﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﺧﺸﻢ ﻭ‪...‬‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻓﻌـــﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﻣﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻴﺠـــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻭﻧﻰ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻧﻰ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻴﺠﺎﻥ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ّ‬ ‫ﻣﻀﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻻﺯﻣﻪ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻧﻤـــﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻫﻴﺠﺎﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻧﺪﮔـــﻰ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻱ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬـــﺎ ﺑﻜﺎﻫﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎ ﻳﺎﺩ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺳـــﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫)ﻣﺜﻞ ﻏﻢ ( ﻳﺎ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ )ﻣﺜﻞ ﺧﺸـــﻢ ( ﺩﺍﺷـــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﻱ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺣﺴـــﺎﺱ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻴﺴـــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎً " ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻼ" ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﻧﺴـــﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻭ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻧﮕﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺩﺭﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﻴﺮﻫﻴﺠﺎﻥ ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻧﻤﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺟﺘﻨـــﺎﺏ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻴﺠﺎﻥ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﺁﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻳﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻭﺣﺸﻴﺎﻧﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻙ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻭﻝ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻳﻚ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﻫﻴﺠﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺷﺪﺕ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺧﻔﻴﻒ‪ ،‬ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﻳﺎ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻧﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﻴﺠﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪ .‬ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﺯﻳﺴـــﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻮﻟﻮژﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ؛ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻓﺸـــﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﺿﺮﺑﺎﻥ ﻗﻠﺐ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﻔﺲ ﻭ‬

‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴـــﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻴـــﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴـــﺪ ﺍﻧـــﺮژﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺩﺭﻧﺎﻟﻴﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺭﺁﺩﺭﻧﺎﻟﻴﻦ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻧﮕﻴﺨﺘﮕﻰ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻮﻟﻮژﻳﻜﻰ ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﻫﻴﺠﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺟﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻋﻤﻞ ـ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﺭﻳﺎ ﺟﻨﮓ ـ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﺎﺷﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺩﺭﻭﻧﻲ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﺷـــﺪ‪ .‬ﺷﻤﺎ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻓﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺸـــﺨﺼﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﻳﻚ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺯﻳﻚ ﺣﺎ ﺩﺛﻪ ) ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﻟﻐﻮ ﺷﺪﻩ ( ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﺷـــﻮﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺗﻔﻜﺮ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺩﺭﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺷﺨﺼﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻞ ﻗﺪ ﻭ ﻗﻴﺎﻓﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﺍﺕ ﺗﻠﺦ‬ ‫ﻭﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺯﺍ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻠﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻭﻏﺮﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﭘﺮﺧﺎﺷـــﮕﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﮕﺠﻮﻳﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺳـــﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻳﻚ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﻧﻄﺒﺎﻗﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﻫﺎﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎً ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑـــﺮ ﻣﻰ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﻢ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺠﻨﮕﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻤﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻓﺮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﺷﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣـــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺭﺍﺣﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﺣﻤﻠـــﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺠﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭﻋﻘﻞ ﺳﻠﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﺕ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻰ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺸـــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺩﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﻋﻼﻣﺖ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺧﺸﻢ ﻭﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﺮ ﭼـــﻪ ﻋﻼﻳﻢ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺍﺳـــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺮﻩ ﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻓﺮﻭﺧﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﺮﻭﺍﻥ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻫﻢ ﻛﺸـــﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ‬

‫ﮔﺸﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺳﻮﺭﺍﺥ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻴﻨﻰ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺛﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺳـــﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﺍﺯ ‪ :‬ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﻛـــﺮﺩﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺳـــﻜﻮ ‪ ،‬ﺟﺮﺋﺖ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﺮﺧﺎﺷﮕﺮﺍﻧﻪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻳﺎﺩ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻛـــﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺁﺳـــﻴﺐ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺟﺮﺋﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺑـــﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﭘﺮ ﺯﻭﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻳﺎ ﺩﻋﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻧﻴﺴـــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑـــﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕـــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺍﺳـــﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﺮﺧﺎﺷـــﮕﺮﻯ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺳﺮﻛﻮﺏ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺁﺷﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﺩ‪ .‬ﺳﺮﻛﻮﺏ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻣﻰ ﺍﻓﺘﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺮﺩ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺘﺶ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﻔﻰ ﻛﻨـــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﭙﺮﻫﻴﺰﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻛﻮﺑﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳـــﻮ ﻣﻨﺪ ﺗﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺧﻄﺮ ﺳـــﺮﻛﻮﺑﻰ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺎﻵﺧﺮﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺁﺷـــﻜﺎﺭ ﻧﺴـــﺎﺯﺩ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺭﻭﻧﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷـــﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳـــﺖ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺴﺮﺩﮔﻰ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺳﻜﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﻠﻴﻪ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴـــﻦ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﻣﺸـــﻜﻼﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻣﻰ ﺷـــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻋﻴﺐ ﺟﻮﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﻳﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﭘﺮﺧﺎﺷـــﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﻧﻔﻌﺎﻟﻰ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﻳﻤﺎً ﺩﺳـــﺖ ﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰ ﺯﻧﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﭼﻴـــﺰﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻣﻰ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻭﻋﻴﺐ ﺟﻮﻳﻰ ﻣﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎﺩ ﻧﮕﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧـــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫| ﺷﻬﺒﺎ ﺷﺎﻫﺮﺧﻰ ـ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ |‬

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PIROZI-23