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SILURIAN ERA 300 MILLION BC

ILLINOIS GLACIAL PERIOD 12,000 BC 1970 ’s Indiana State Law passes the requiring mines

1931 Sullivan County, IN placed under

to replace spoils with down slope being no higher than original contour

Glacial rivers carved out the Wabash River from limestone bedrock

Siliurian Era establishment of vascular plants and land creatures

1883 “Rich Woods” in Crawford County,

100 Million Tons 100,000 Miners

1930 ’s Civilian Conservation Corps

began taking interest in remediating mining sites

1965 Hawthorn Coal began operation on largest pit: 3 draglines 250 workers 22,000 acres

50 50,000

1923 Steam Shovels introduced to mining practice

COAL PROSPECTING

Little Giant, 1931 29 men die in coal mine disaster

Number of Illinois Coal Miners

Annual IL Coal Production Million Tons

martial law as the result of striking miners

CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGY

1903 First acerage sold for the purpose of mining

was once called the “Barrens” due to prairie fire

21 acres for $600.00 not mined in 1989

10

10,000

1890-1900 Shells used for buttons

1908 Erosion and deforestation power mills for

industry, erosion have degraded the water quality

2,000

C OA L D E P O S I T S

50

years is the potential lifespan of freshwater

the Monocasy, full of fish”

1815 “First rate lands lie on the Wabash all the way to the lakes on the most beautiful stream..the water is perfectly clear and transparent”

1845 “Clear rushing streams”

those of the Illinois and Kasakia, commonly brown and opaque with suspended silt”

19 9

Fe

690 TONS $1,6-3.0 MILLION

Mg 1983 25% reduction in....agricultural loadings

Ca

Mn

4,200

1920 “The waters of the Wabash are, like

0

0

SO4

MUSSEL PROSPECTING

TO NS O F M USSEL S ( I N)

1792 “The Wabash is as clear as

19 8

0 19 7

0 19 6

0 19 5

0 19 4

0 19 3

0 19 2

191 0

0 19 0

0 18 9

18 80

18 70

18 60

1,080

pre

18 5

0

250

Al

1945 “Northern reaches of Wabash clear Southern reaches turbid, cloudy”


Stateline Studio: Spring 2013  

Under the direction of Prof. Stephen Sears (University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign), this studio explored the territory adjacent the Wabash...

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