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Located in the south-east of Argentina, only 300km away from the country’s capital Buenos Aires, the city of Rosario is the head of the provincial department which carries the same name. The whole area is an extensive decreased plain in the north-east south east inclination. The provincial region has a low height from 10 to 150 m above sea level. The city is eastwardly washed by the mighty Paraná River, one of the greatest rivers in South America for its volume of flow which contributes to maritime transportation and water sports, among other activities. Rosario has a Pampean humid temperate climate with the four seasons of the year well-defined. The warmest months are November to March, January being the hottest. The coolest months are June to August, July being the coldest. Snow is an atypical phenomenon; the last snowfall was registered in 1973, although on July 9th, 2007 it sleeted on several parts of the asphalt jungle.

Feasible risks are severe storms and tornadoes prone to happen between October and March. One historical hailstorm was registered on 16th November, 2006 in the midst of a wave of heat approaching the summer which left smashed windows, broken windshields, bumped cars and cut wires as a result.

The Mighty Paranรก River

BITS AND PIECES OF HISTORY Something curious about Rosario is that it was never founded. It started as a small village where only few people lived. It was considered a village of passing but soon many of the locals became aware of the advantages of an extremely fertile soil and a mighty river. After some years, the population had increased so much that the governor considered the need for a chapel for inhabitants to express their common beliefs and offer their prayers. In 1731 the “Capilla del Rosario” (Rosary Chapel) was inaugurated. Rosario takes its name from the first chapel and has a holiday in honour to the virgin on 7th October every year. “Capilla del Rosario” is nowadays the local cathedral and it is located within steps from the Flag Memorial.

ROSARIO, CRADLE OF THE NATIONAL FLAG Not only is Rosario the birthplace of the Argentinian National Flag, but it also houses a 15,000 metres long flag, called “Alta en el Cielo.” The longest flag in the world, its elaboration started in 1994 and the project will extend until 2012 when it the Bicentenial of the creation of the National Flag is celebrated. Its name comes from an Argentinian popular anthem, “Aurora,” and such idea was The National Flag Memorial

proposed by local renowned journalist Julio Vacaflor. The National Flag Memorial is undoubtedly the city landmark and it is located close to the spot where General Manuel Belgrano first hoisted the light blue and white cloth to identify his troops on 27th February 1812. Not being accepted by the government at that time, it was officially recognized by Congreso de Tucumán in 1816, a time when Argentina was on the verge of becoming an independent country. The National Flag Memorial took several years to build and was eventually inaugurated on Manuel Belgrano’s 137th death anniversary, on 20 June 1957. Year after year, fourth graders pledge allegiance to the National Flag in front of the Flag Memorial, and they renew their oath in their last year of secondary school. The Flag Memorial houses a museum with flags from all the nations in America. Tourists have access to this museum paying a minimum fee. They may choose to

“Fuego Sagrado” – Sacred Fire

take a lift to reach the top and admire the view of the city from 70m high up in the Tower.

The premises of the National Flag Memorial at sunset

It is also possible for tourists to walk within the premises of the monument and appreciate Manuel Belgrano’s crypt and the Triumphal Propylaeum. Across from the Flag Memorial, there is a newly built monument to commemorate 1982 War of Malvinas, the soldiers who perished in combat and the heroic veterans.

LET THE MUSIC PLAY…. MÚSICA MAESTRO! FOLK and TANGO Argentinian folk music is varied in rhythms according to the area of the country they originated from. Pampean region is popular for its “chacarera,” “gato” and “chamamé.” However, folk ballets throughout the country honour the dances from the whole of the Argentinian territory, making from traditional shows a display of a wide range of swings, melodies and colourful costumes. Dancer from Ballet Sudamericano (South American Ballet)

In November every year, Rosario holds “Feria de las Colectividades,” a celebration where local cultural diversity is exalted. Worldwide ethnicities share their traditions by means of national music, typical food, jewellery and items that they have used and worn time ago to these days. Similarly, Rosario welcomed delegations from all over the world from the 26th of March to the 3rd of April 2011 when the first Official World Folklore Festival “Culturas en Movimiento” (Culrures in Movement) took place. During these days the delegations participated in the opening ceremony, artistic presentations, conferences, Nations Party and rural tourism activities. Undoubtedly, one of Argentina’s most attractive and sensual traditional rhythms is tango. Considered a taboo dance in its origins for it was danced at brothels, Tango is an Argentine and Uruguayan musical genre which arose from the

Dancer from Ballet Sudamericano (South American Ballet) performing the Argentinian National Anthem

cultural fusion among European immigrants, descendants from African bondsmen and natives from the Río de la Plata (River Plate) region. The term 'tango' apparently comes from 'tagmú' a word in Ibibio language, spoken in southern Nigeria and brought into our country by the slaves. The meaning is the fusion of 'drum' and 'dance.' The lyrics of its songs often employ local argot called “Lunfardo” and they generally express sadness, particularly in love matters, although many deal with other topics such as politics and even in a humoristic way. Today Argentina is well known around the world because of this music genre and Rosario offers a variety of tango houses, known as “milongas,” where you can enjoy some delicious dishes accompanied by good wine and also take part in group dancing. “La Casa del Tango,” “Café de la Flor,” “Bar Olimpo” and “La Chamullera” are some of the most attractive downtown tango houses to visit.

ROCK In Rosario, rock and roll gains more followers than any other music genre in the region. And this is not coincidence given the fact that Argentinian rock has been strongly influenced by “Rosarinos,” bands and performers whose lyrics expressed ideals against the Argentinian dictatorship in the late 70s. Juan Carlos Baglietto, Fito Páez, Silvina Garré and Jorge Fandermole are some of the major

exponents of local early rock music and who created a revolution within the under scene among the youth. Nowadays, Rosario continues to proffer countless bands that initiate in small pubs and bars of the city and finally take the big step into national stages. “Cielo Razzo,” “Los Vándalos,” “Vudú,” “Farolitos” and “El Vagón” are some of these admirable groups, the former being the most widely known today, even on an “Café de la Flor” on Mendoza Street, a few steps from “Teatro El Círculo”

international scale. The stages at “Café de la Flor” and “Berlín” nightclubs are often considered the first steps in the musical careers of local bands. “García Bar” was the first rock club in the city and has received national rock heroes since its beginnings. Today, “Willie Dixon,” informally known as the South American Temple of Rock, is the centre of reunion for rock lovers and where both national and international famous bands perform. The place also holds historical value, because one of its owners was legendary Norberto Napolitano, the famous blues and rock performer Pappo. The recentrly remodeled amphitheatre “Humberto De Nito” can hold up to 3000 people and has historically housed the greatest Argentinian and foreign bands. During summer, the local municipality offers the event “Rosario bajo las estrellas” (Rosario Under the Stars), shows free of charge that include all the performing arts.

Within the premises of Alto Rosario Shopping centre, “Salón Metropolitano” has been offering its various divisions for music shows for every taste.

INDIE, UNDER and JAZZ A new indie festival is taking place annually and it is time for Rosario to receive more than 15 bands at the city’s amphitheatre “Humberto De Nito.” The shows are free of charge and there are stands with cds and books in display, either for providing information or for sale. More than 8 hours of music introducing indie local bands, such as “Ddt,” “Íntima” and “Adicta” provide the audience with refreshing sounds. An important underground nightclub is “El Sótano” which has a wide variety of music and contests. You can see a battle of rock bands or even battles of hip-hop and freestyle. Every genre has its place in “El Sótano.”

Many Jazz lovers regard Rosario as the capital of Jazz in Argentina, because you can find plenty of nightclubs and pubs playing this music, and the highest in importance being “Jazz Club Rosario.” Prestigious Jazz events often take place at “Teatro El Círculo,” which happens to be home for the local symphonic orchestra.

CLASSICAL “El Círculo” – Laprida and Mendoza streets

Every year the “Orquesta Sinfónica Provincial de Rosario” (Rosario’s Provincial Symphonic Orchestra) performs at the Flag Memorial in a free event as part of the end-of-year concerts in the city. The orchestra also plays at diverse churches and it is directed by Swiss renowned director Nicholas Rauss. The “Orchesta Sinfónica Junevil de la UNR” (Juvenile Symohonic Orchestra) is formed by 60 youngsters between the ages of 16 and 30. It has been directed by two Rosarinos, Roberto Fabbroni and Marcelo Pozo, since its very beginning back in the year 1994. The dates of their performances are variable and varied, offering shows in different parts of the country and private as well as public events.

Local people are proud of Rosario and its beauty. They take pride in their marvelous city which has been showing constant signs of growth in the past ten years. Endowed with tremendous sense of belonging, Rosarinos are friendly and welcoming and always willing to offer their help. Visit our city. Feel absorbed by the magic that captivates millions of people who make from Rosario OUR place in the world.

“El Círculo” – Laprida Street


A description of our hometown

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