For Highway Safety (Continued from page 13)
with particular respect to the best color combinations and the psychological effect of these situations upon the driver. The first of these involves five steps: 1. Statistical analysis of the past records of the driver. 2. Actual tests of the driver on the road (sometimes conducted by the license bureau). 3. The driving of the car through a miniature field which presents the majority of the common driving situations. 4. Driving a laboratory set-up stimulating automobile driving. 5. The making of separate tests on visual reactions to various types of stimuli such as stop lights, markers, etc. The results of these tests from only a minor portion of the data necessary for any conclusion to be reached in as much as the factors affecting traffic situations include the coordination time, knowledge of the laws, emotional stability, field of vision of the driver, experience, age, etc. The second question is for the purpose of discovering signs which will be as effective at night as in daylight. This is not only a question of color combinations, but also the size, form, height, distance from the corner, contrast, effect of repetition, legibility both in daylight and under different degrees of illumination, must be determined. It is thus seen that from the standpoint of research, the traffic sign and the license plate problems bear a close resemblance to each other. However, due to the great disparity of standardization, it is exceedingly difficult to make progress in the application of either problem, although substantial gains are made in the laboratory. Dr. Lauer's work is designed to build up a mass of facts which the National Safety Council and other organizations can use to direct the education of the American people in an effort to reduce the enormous losses due to automobile accidents. These losses approximate 100 persons killed per day and the injury of 1,000,000 persons per year with the consequent economic loss of $2,000,000,000.
A Scientific Farm Building Program (Continu ed from page 13 )
profession has not found the farm field profitable, much of the existing data is traditional and inaccurate. Therefore the burden falls upon the various state research stations and the federal government. Realizing the acuteness of the situation and the necessity for a definite program, the Secretary of Agriculture, at the request of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, approved the making of a survey
of the farm building sit:uation. The actual work was delegated to the Division of Agricultural Engineering at that time under the Bureau of Public Roads. Numerous organizations were asked to cooperate ~d at the first meeting on August 27, 1929, they adopted objectives, to be obtai.ned::..through a close study of .. 路 the farm situation. With these objectives in mind, the Advisory Council decided to make a detailed study throughout the country. Brother Giese, obtaining a leave of absence of fifteen months from his work at Iowa State, took over the task as Senior Agricultural Engineer for the Division of Agricultural Engineering and personally visited nearly every state in the union and nearly every experiment station in the country in an attempt to correlate the findings at the various stations. This work has now been completed as far as it is possible to do so, and Brother Giese has resumed his teaching and research work at Iowa State Coilege.
First District Convention at Psi Chapter Psi Chapter is to be the scene of the convention of the First District of Pi Kappa Phi. The convention date has been set for the week-end of March 25-27, 1932. In conversation with the District Archon William J. Berry, we understood that the Eighth District had planned to join with the First District in a joint con路 vention at Ithaca. Although no word has been heard from the Eighth District as yet, we expect that that plan will be followed. Psi Chapter wishes to extend an invitation to all brothers who would care to attend the convention to do so. It was agreed that the unofficial delegates to the convention would be assessed enough to defray the expenses of their meals. The only request is that if you plan to attend the convention, kindly let us know when you will be here.
"Invisible Guests" Fed Daily by Twelve Fraternities Fifty destitute persons are being fed by the twelve fraternities contributing a basket of food each day for their "invisible guest." "Other houses may join the plan when they realize it will not incur an extra expense," Bill Waltz said last night, explaining that the other houses wi ll be con路 tacted individually. The original plan was proposed and investigated by Waltz. The twelve fraternities donating a basket of food each day are: Theta Xi, Pi Kappa Phi, Alpha Sigma Phi, Phi Gamma Delta, Delta Upsilon, Zeta Psi, Delta Kappa Epsilon, Sigma f\.lpha Epsilon, Phi Kappa Psi, Sigma Alpha Mu, Delta Chi and Psi Upsilon.
-University of Washington Daily
THE STAR AND LAMP