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SPRING IS COMING


eTwinning project

03 07 April 2011

Year http://thevoiceofteens.blogspot.com

- N.

European School Magazine

In This Issue Evanescence – p.3 Floorball, in Slovakia – p.4 Bulgaria: my country – p.5 Plovdiv in Bulgaria – p.6 Kocho Chestsmenski school – p.7/8 Bullying at school -p. 9/11 Spring – p.12 Devil – p.13 Notre Dame de Paris – p.14 Dear Mom – p. 16/17 Comparison of reading – p.18/21

What delicious plastic – p.22 See in the darkness – p.23 Kat, my village – p.24 Our school in Kat – p.24 The pupils in Kat - p. 25/26 Unemployment in Greece – p.27 Violence in Soccer – p. 28 About the «Mille» – p. 29/30 150 years – p. 31/34 Happy Birthday Italia – p.35/36 Our eTwinning project – p.37/38

The magazine is also available at http://www.itismt.it/voice_of_teens/index.htm

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The new Voice of Teens -

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Τα πρώτα τους τραγούδια ήταν το "Solitude" από την Lee, και το "Understanding" και το “MyImmortal”, γραµµένο από τον Moody. Επιτυχηµένα cd τους είναι το Fallen and Anywhere but Home (2002–2005) και το The Open Door (2006–2009). Όλγα Ψύχου The band Evanescence was founded by singer, pianist and songwriter Amy Lee and former guitarist and songwriter Ben Moody. The two artists met in 1994 in Little Rock, where Moody heard Lee playing the "I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That) - I'll do anything for Love (But I will not do this)) "by Meat Loaf on the piano.

Το συγκρότηµα Evanescence ιδρύθηκε από την τραγουδίστρια, πιανίστα και συνθέτρια Amy Lee και τον πρώην κιθαρίστα και τραγουδοποιό Ben Moody. Οι δύο τους συναντήθηκαν το 1994 στο Λιτλ Ροκ, όταν ο Moody άκουσε την Lee να παίζει το "I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)" -µε τον Meat Loaf στο πιάνο Το όνοµα του συγκροτήµατος σηµαίνει "εξαφάνιση". Το συγκρότηµα κυκλοφόρησε το 1998 το άλµπουµ Evanescence EP και το 1999 το άλµπουµ Sound Asleep EP, γνωστό και ως Whisper EP (1999). Οι κριτικές ποικίλλουν για το είδος της µουσικής που παίζει το συγκρότηµα. Για άλλους οι Evanescence είναι ένα rock συγκρότηµα, για άλλους είναι metal, αλλά για τους περισσότερους είναι gothic µπάντα. ∆ηµοσιεύσεις σε κάποιες εφηµερίδες τους έχουν προσδιορίσει ως gothic metal ενώ άλλες σε άλλες πηγές ως gothic rock. Έχουν σχέση µε πολά συγκροτήµατα που προέρχονται από διαφορετικά είδη. Η µουσική τους µοιάζει µε metal nu όπως στους POD και στους Linkin Park, µε gothic metal όπως στους Lacuna Coil ή µε metal όπως οι Nightwish και Within Temptation.

The name of the band Evanescence means "disappearance". The band released Evanescence EP (1998) and Sound Asleep EP, also known as Whisper EP (1999). The reviews vary. For some Evanescence is a rock band, for others it is metal, but for most it is a gothic band: Articles in some newspapers have identified the band as gothic metal and other sources, as gothic rock. They are associated with a variety of bands of different of various forms of music. Their music resembles metal nu as in POD and Linkin Park, as gothic metal like Lacuna Coil or metal, like Nightwish and Within Temptation. Their first songs were "Solitude" and "Give unto me", both written by Lee, and "Understanding" and "My Immortal", written by Moody. The most successful CDs are Fallen and Anywhere but Home (2002-2005) and The Open Door (2006-2009).

The magazine is available at http://thevoiceofteens.blogspot.com/

By Olga Psychou

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Floorball, a type of floor hockey, is an indoor team sport which was developed in the 1970s. Floorball is most popular in areas where the sport has developed at longest, such as the Czech Republic, Finland, Sweden, Norway and Switzerland.

Floorball is played with a plastic stick and plastic holey ball. There are only 5 players on the ground and one goalkeeper but without a stick. A game is divided into three 20 minutes or 15 minutes units. The length of the unit depends on a league where the match is played. This game isn’t as well-known as in Czech Republic or Switzerland. However, many people in Slovakia play this sport as well. Evidence is that our national team won European Championship in two years ago and that showed floorball a little more here. We organize competitions in our country. And I hope in the future there will be much more. Me personally, I have been playing this sport for about 6 years now and I enjoy the game not just because I want to keep fit and lose my weight or something like that. Firstly, you can make some really good friends in team. And moreover that friendship between your team mates is shown during the game. My teammates love play hard but also we are a good team to have a good fun. Secondly, when you come out on the pitch you have to play with them and also for/against them. It is like one big family that wants to do some good job together. Finally, there’s another essential value of the team sports which are the best to feel mentally good. You know that you’re not there on your own and that even if you do something wrong it is not the end of the world because you know that your team is behind you. So, if you ’re man, woman, boy or girl, floorball is sport that everyone can take up no matter what ... and that is the beauty of this sport.

Jana Štefkovičova, Slovakia

The magazine is available at http://thevoiceofteens.blogspot.com/

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BULGARIA: my country Bulgaria is a small country in south-east Europe. Its ancient history, unique folklore and amazing nature make you love Bulgaria deeply and from the bottom of your heart. Our land keeps the footprints left by Thracians, Romans, Byzantines, ProtoBulgarians and Slavs. There are well-preserved historical monuments like the Thracian Tomb in Kazanlak, The Roman theatre in Plovdiv, the Madara Horseman, Rulers’ castles, numerous monasteries, churches and architecturalethnographic complexes. This exciting historical spirit is combined with unique nature. Bulgarian land shaft attracts with its variety: alpine landscapes of the Rila and Pirin mountains, sunny summer days at the Black sea, hot mineral springs, turbulent waterfalls, deep caves, the Valley of Roses and so on. Our history, nature and culture make Bulgaria part of the world’s cultural heritage.

Azova Gergana – 6th grade

Моята Родина България е малка страна в югоизточна Европа. Древната й история, уникалният й фолклор и неповторима природа те кара да я обичаш дълбоко и с цялото си сърце. Нашата земя пази следи, оставени от траки, римляни, византийци, прабългари и славяни. Добре запазени са Тракийската гробница в Казанлък, Римският театър в Пловдив, Мадарският конник, дворци и крепости на владетели, многобройни манастири, църкви, архитектурно-етнографски комплекси. Този вълнуващ исторически дух е съчетан с уникална природа. Привлекателна със своето многообразие: алпийските пейзажи на Рила и Пирин, слънчевото лято на Черно море, топлите извори, буйните водопади, дълбоките пещери, долината на розите. Историята, природата и културата правят България част от световното културно наследство.

Гергана Азова – 6 клас The magazine is available at http://thevoiceofteens.blogspot.com/

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Plovdiv in Bulgaria Plovdiv is one of the oldest cities in Europe. Plovdiv was given different names throughout its long history - Eumolphias, Philippoupolis, Pulpudeva, Trimontium, Paldin, Filibe. The city is located on the banks of the Maritsa river. Plovdiv is the second largest city in Bulgaria. It's an important economic, transport, cultural and educational centre. Plovdiv is host to economic and cultural events such as the International Fair, the theatrical festival "A stage on a crossroad" and others. There are Ancient Theatre, Roman Stadium. The city is a starting point for trips to places in the region such as Backovo Monastery, Pamporovo, Hisarya, Rodopi mountain. Plovdiv Sports Complex is the biggest in Eastern Europe. The city is surrounded by seven hills. Because of these seven hills Plovdiv is often referred as "The city of the seven hills"

by Aleksandar Spasov and Hristo Hristov-5th grade

ПЛОВДИВ Пловдив е един от най-старите градове в Европа. Пловдив е имал различни имена през дългата си история - Филипополис, Пулпудева, Тримонциум, Пълдин, Филибе. Градът се намира на бреговете на река Марица. Пловдив е вторият по големина град в България. Тои е важен икономически, културен и образователен център. Домакин е на икономически и културни събития като Международния панаир, Театралния фестивал "Сцена на кръстопът" и др. Тук се намира Античния театър, Римският стадион. Градът е начална точка за пътуване до различни места в региона, като Бачковския манастир, Пампорово, Хисаря, планината Родопи. Пловдивският спортен комплекс е най-големият в Източна Европа. Градът има седем тепета. Заради тях той често е наричан "Градът на седемте тепета".

Александър Спасов и Христо Христов -5а клас The magazine is available at http://thevoiceofteens.blogspot.com/

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Hello, I’m Milena, aged 14, from Bulgaria. I live in the second biggest, but the most beautiful town in our country – Plovdiv. It has an ancient history and preserves artifacts from different epochs. I’ll tell you about my school – Kocho Chestsmenski Primary School. It’s located in a small quiet street and is buried in green. The school belongs to the municipality and there are 300 students from 1st to 7th grade. We pass school-leaving exams on the basic subjects when we finish our lower-secondary education at the end of the 7th grade. These exams are the criteria for our next step of education.

The school building is three-storied, there are 24 rooms, a gym, play grounds, a school library, a canteen, a Computer Studies room. A special medical care is secured in the school. Our Physics laboratory is one of the best equipped in the town. The school was founded 70 years ago, in the distant 1941.At that time our country was in a state of war – World War II. That is one of the paradoxical facts Bulgarian history bristles with that during the military time of death and disaster our people think about the future of our children. Nevertheless at the beginning the school was used as barracks by German and then by Russian troops it started meeting its first students after the surrender of Germany. I’m at the seventh grade. I’m too busy and bear a lot of heavy responsibilities. But me and the children of my age know how to entertain. We like music and the styles we listen to most are pop, rock, dance and metal. Our favourite singers are Eminem, Rihanna, Ke$ha, Justin Bieber, Taylor Swift, Evanescence and Death Stars. We read fantasy novels, watch the latest films. We like going out together and have fun. We go to the cinema, play bowling or just walk together. Boys usually play football or like going carting.

The magazine is available at http://thevoiceofteens.blogspot.com/

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The school built up in us the best sensation – the feeling of community. We are taught to look at the most daring dreams as a challenge which we can overcome.

Bruseva Milena – 7th grade

Здравейте, аз съм Милена Брусева, на 14 години съм и съм от България.Живея във втория по големина, но найкрасив град в държавата – Пловдив. Той има древна история и пази артефакти от различни епохи. Ще ви разкажа за моето училище – ОУ „Кочо Честеменски”. Намира се на малка тиха уличка и е потънало в зеленина. Училището е общинско и в него учат около 300 деца от първи до седми клас. При завършване на основното образование в края на седми клас полагаме матури по основните общообразователни предмети и те са нашият старт за следващия етап на образованието ни. Училището ни е на три етажа, има 24 стаи, физкултурен салон, игрище, библиотека, столова, компютърен кабинет и осигурено медицинско обслужване, а кабинетът по физика е един от най-добре оборудваните в града. Училището е основано преди 70 години, в далечната 1941г. Тогава страната ни е във война – Втората световна. Това е още един от парадоксалните факти , с които изобилства българската история: във военно време на смърт и бедствия българинът мисли за бъдещето на децата си. И въпреки че в първите години от създаването си то е използвано като казарма и от немски, а после и от руски войски, след капитулацията на Германия то започва да посреща своите първи ученици. Тази година съм седмокласничка. Натоварването е голямо, а отговорностите са много. Но аз и връстниците ми умеем и да се забавляваме. Харесваме музика и найслушаните стилове са поп, рок, денс и метъл. Любими изпълнители са ни Еминем, Риана, Кейша, Джъстин Бибър, Тейлър Суифт, Евансенс и Дет Старс. Четем фентъзи романи, гледаме новите филми, обичаме да излизаме и заедно да се забавляваме. Ходим на кино, на боулинг или просто се разхождаме. Момчетата пък играят футбол или са на пистата за картинг. Училището ни изгради у нас най-хубавото усещане – чувството за общност. Научи ни и на най-смелите мечти да гледаме като на предизвикателство, което може да бъде преодоляно.

Милена Брусева – 7 клас The magazine is available at http://thevoiceofteens.blogspot.com/

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What is bullying? Bullying is always… — A Power Game against the less powerful — Persistent and repeated — Perceived as unpleasant by the target — Purposeful, aiming at causing pain, fear, distress to the target and pleasure or reassurance to the bully

Bullying can take many forms — Physical (pushing, hitting, kicking, pinching) — Verbal (name calling, rumour spreading, sarcasm, threats) — Emotional (exclusion, humiliation, manipulation) — Sexual (sexual comments, unwanted sexual contact) — Homophobic (aimed against perceived homosexuals) — Racist (racial taunts, graffiti, gestures) — Cyber bullying (publishing private info on the net, sending blackmailing SMS or email) Some hurt more than others… The parties involved — The bully — The bully’s fans — The target/victim — The target’s friends (if any…) — The peer audience It takes 4 to bully

Victims suffer from — Depression — Low self-esteem — Self-consciousness — Low school performance due to lack of concentration — Fear of school, dropouts — Isolation — Suicidal thoughts

Are targets the only victims? Bullies are not better off than their victims Research shows that most school bullies end up

• in prison for all sorts of anti-social behaviour • dying young of accidents, drug abuse, murder • Having all their intimate relationships ruined • Unable to escape the illusion that problems are solved with violence

Elliot, Bullying Pays! A Survey of Young Offenders, 2002 (available from Kidscape website) Peers are not unaffected, nor innocent • The role of the peer audience is crucial for the continuation of the ‘show’ • Witnessing bullying is stressful and hazardous to peers who learn that tolerating violence is legitimate Peer intervention can stop bullying within 30 seconds

Why do children bully? — They have experienced being bullied themselves — They have not learnt to respect rules — After a trauma — They cannot manage negative feelings, failure or boredom

Tips for all — Be assertive, not aggressive or submissive — Your body language should show that you are not afraid nor provoking — Onlookers ought to become bystanders to both victims and bullies Understand the fear mechanism!

School intervention — Focus on the social environment of the school/ school values — Assess bullying at your school to motivate students to take action and tailor your programme — Garner staff and parent support for bullying prevention — Adopt straightforward rules about bullying — Intervene consistently and appropriately Best practices (The Olweus Bullying Prevention Programme)

The magazine is available at http://thevoiceofteens.blogspot.com/

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The Olweus programme — All staff should be able to intervene effectively on the spot to stop bullying (i.e., in the 1–2 minutes that one frequently has to deal with bullying). — Designated staff should also hold sensitive follow-up meetings with

children who are bullied and (separately) with children who bully. — Staff should involve parents of affected students The no blame approach

Stavriana Soubassi & Pupils

Εκφοβισµός στο σχολείο! .............. Μας αφορά; Τι σηµαίνει εκφοβισµός; Ο εκφοβισµός είναι πάντα …  Ένα παιχνίδι εξουσίας εις βάρος του πιο αδύναµου  Επίµονος και επαναλαµβανόµενος  ∆υσάρεστος σε αυτούς που τον υφίστανται  Εµπρόθετη πράξη µε σκοπό την πρόκληση πόνου, φόβου, ανησυχίας στο στόχο και ευχαρίστησης ή επιβεβαίωσης στο θύτη

Ο εκφοβισµός µπορεί να πάρει πολλές µορφές Σωµατικός Λεκτικός Ψυχολογικός Σεξουαλικός Οµοφοβικός Ρατσιστικός Μέσω του διαδικτύου

Εµπλεκόµενα µέλη Ο εκφοβιστής Οι οπαδοί του Ο στόχος / θύµα Οι φίλοι του στόχου (αν υπάρχουν …) Το κοινό των συνοµηλίκων

Συνέπειες για το θύµα κατάθλιψη χαµηλή αυτοεκτίµηση ντροπή και δειλία χαµηλή επίδοση λόγω έλλειψης συγκέντρωσης

φόβος και άρνηση του σχολείου αποµόνωση τάσεις αυτοκτονίας.

Οι ίδιοι οι εκφοβιστές κινδυνεύουν περισσότερο Έρευνες δείχνουν ότι οι περισσότεροι µαθητές-νταήδες καταλήγουν σε • διάπραξη σοβαρών ποινικών αδικηµάτων, εγκληµάτων, φυλάκιση • θάνατο από ναρκωτικά ή δυστυχήµατα, δολοφονία, βεντέτα • καταστροφή των σηµαντικών σχέσεών τους • ζουν την αυταπάτη ότι θα λύνουν όλα τους τα προβλήµατα µε το νταηλίκι.

Οι συνοµήλικοι δεν είναι αλώβητοι, ούτε ουδέτεροι Χωρίς τη συµµετοχή του κοινού των συνοµηλίκων δεν είναι δυνατή η ‘παράσταση’ Οι συνοµήλικοι µάρτυρες ζουν µέσα στο φόβο και την αυταπάτη της νοµιµοποίησης της βίας

Γιατί τα παιδιά γίνονται νταήδες; έχουν υποστεί εκφοβισµό δεν έχουν οριοθετηθεί σωστά µετά από µια τραυµατική εµπειρία επειδή δεν έχουν µάθει να διαχειρίζονται την αποτυχία ή την ανία

The magazine is available at http://thevoiceofteens.blogspot.com/

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Συµβουλές προς όλους Η συµπεριφορά σου πρέπει να δείχνει αυτοπεποίθηση και όχι να είναι επιθετική, ούτε υποχωρητική Η γλώσσα του σώµατος πρέπει να δείχνει ότι δεν φοβάσαι και δεν πρέπει να προκαλείς τον εκφοβιστή Οι παρατηρητές πρέπει να αναλάβουν την ευθύνη τους ως υποστηρικτές και αληθινοί φίλοι θύµατος και δράστη

Σχολική παρέµβαση Αλλάξτε το κοινωνικό κλίµα / τις αξίες του σχολείου Εκτιµήστε την έκταση/φύση του προβλήµατος στο σχολείο σας για να κινητοποιήσετε τους µαθητές

Ζητήστε τη στήριξη γονιών και συναδέλφων στην πρόληψη του προβλήµατος Υιοθετήστε σαφείς κανόνες

Η παρέµβαση πρέπει να είναι συνεπής και κατάλληλη Πρότυπο πρόγραµµα Olweus Όλο το εκπαιδευτικό προσωπικό επεµβαίνει άµεσα σε κάθε επεισόδιο Εξειδικευµένο προσωπικό συζητά χωριστά µε παιδιά θύµατα και παιδιά εκφοβιστές Οι γονείς συµµετέχουν ενεργά στην παρέµβαση

The magazine is available at http://thevoiceofteens.blogspot.com/

Σταυριάνα Σούµπαση και µαθητές

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Spring Spring is one of the four temperate seasons, the transition period between winter and summer. Spring and "springtime" refer to the season, and broadly to ideas of rebirth, renewal, of new life (both plant and animal) being born and regrowth. The term is also used more generally as a metaphor for the start of better times, as in the Prague Spring. It has inspired many artists: Primavera, else known as Allegory of Spring (in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, Italy), is a tempera panel painting by Italian Renaissance artist Sandro Botticelli, painted ca. 1482. Here, a group of mythological figures in a garden, is allegorical for the lush growth of Spring or for the ideal of Neoplatonic love. It contains elements of Ovid and Lucretius and may have been inspired by a poem by Poliziano.

Pupils: A.A. – B.D. This is a landscape of Greece, during spring, when the nature is full of colourul flowers. In the background you can see the small houses of bees where they produce their honey. Spring is also the season of Easter. Wishing you and yours a very Happy Easter!

The magazine is available at http://thevoiceofteens.blogspot.com/

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Director: John Erick Dowdle Cast: Chris Messina, Logan Marshall-Green, Jenny O'Hara.

A group of people are trapped in an elevator and the Devil is mysteriously amongst them. To all lovers of horror genre: this is absolutely the movie for you. It’s a movie filmed in the United States in 2010, directed by John Erick Dowdle and lasting a maximum of 80 minutes. The main characters of this story are five people who find themselves trapped in a lift, who have a close encounter with the devil. During the time in the lift, the situation deteriorates and one after another, the five guys become fewer, dying. The security camera films it all in the lift, and the policemen who watch the event live became aware that it is not something normal but a demonic presence. The story revolves on how to free the hapless survived people from the “hellish trap“. Will the fire fighters save the survivors or will they try to survive? Now it’s up to you watching the film and engage yourself in a situation quite unusual. And anyway … before entering in a lift think twice, because the danger is just on the corner and anything may happen.

A tutti gli amanti del genere horror: questo è sicuramente il film che fa per voi. Si tratta di un film girato negli Stati Uniti nel 2010, regia di John Erick Dowdle e durata massima di 80 minuti. I protagonisti di questa vicenda sono cinque persone che si trovano intrappolate in un ascensore, le quali hanno un incontro ravvicinato con il diavolo. Durante la permanenza in ascensore la situazione degenera e uno dopo l’altro, i cinque diventano sempre meno, morendo. La telecamera di sorveglianza dell’ascensore riprende tutto e, i poliziotti che guardano la vicenda in diretta si rendono conto che non si tratta di un qualcosa di normale ma bensì di una presenza demoniaca.La storia gira su come fare a liberare i rimasti malcapitati da quella “ trappola infernale “. Ce la faranno i vigili del fuoco a salvare i sopravvissuti oppure saranno loro a doversela cavare cercando di sopravvivere? Ora sta a voi guardare il film e cimentarvi in una realtà abbastanza insolita. E comunque… prima di entrare in un ascensore pensateci due volte perché il pericolo è dietro l’angolo e tutto può accadere.

Marco Nicoletti

The magazine is available at http://thevoiceofteens.blogspot.com/

Marco Nicoletti

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Notre Dame de Paris in one of the best know novel by Victor Hugo, published when he was 29. The story starts in 1482 in Paris, where the characters events intertwine: Quasimodo, Esmeralda and Frollo. The real centre and soul of the story is the cathedral, with its gothic stones, heart of Paris and stage of the main characters: Gringoire, crazy poet, who gets lost in Corte dei Miracoli, and the other characters. Notre Dame de Paris is a historical novel where descriptions of people, places and moments are very accurate. The novel is full of strong emotions and events, sometime parts of it are very slow and boring. However when entering into the true story, reading is very lovely, sprint and exciting. The love story becomes sweety and full of emotions. The description of the Gobbo’s emotions are really extraordinary and the last page is the romantic and lovely image of true love and strong passion.

Ileana Azzone

Notre Dame de Paris Notre Dame de Paris è uno dei romanzi più famosi di Victor Hugo. Pubblicato all’età di 29 anni, fu accolto con successo riuscendo a superare senza problemi la critica del tempo. Il libro è ambientato 1482 a Parigi, dove si intrecciano le vicende dei personaggi principali: Quasimodo, Esmeralda e Frollo. Centro reale e pulsante del romanzo è proprio la cattedrale, con le sue pietre gotiche, cuore di Parigi e palcoscenico dei protagonisti principali: Gringoire, poeta pazzo e girovago che si perde nella Corte dei Miracoli ed i personaggi comprimari. Notre Dame de Paris è un romanzo storico in cui sono ampliamente, persino troppo accuratamente, descritti i luoghi in cui si intersecano le vicende dei personaggi e si scoprono i caratteri degli stessi. Nonostante l’intero romanzo sia un avvicendarsi di emozioni forti e coinvolgenti, alcune parti sono sicuramente lente, più che altro per la

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difficoltà nello star dietro ad alcune descrizioni paesaggistiche che talvolta entrano eccessivamente nel dettaglio. Tuttavia, però, entrati nella storia vera e propria, nel cuore del libro, la lettura diventa scorrevole e intensa, la storia d’amore diventa dolcissima e struggente. Pur coscienti dei numerosi handicap del povero gobbo, uno dei personaggi più interessanti, oltretutto cieco e sordo, per mancanza di amici e per la vicinanza alle assordanti campane, la descrizione dei suoi sentimenti e dei suoi stati d’animo è qualcosa di straordinariamente unico, capace di turbarti come davvero poche cose al mondo. La pagina finale è la commovente e dolce immagine di un amore vero e puro.

Ileana Azzone

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DEAR MOM, I WANTED TO TELL YOU THAT I AM PREGNANT! This time, the stork is not matter, responsible it’s just about the great stupidity which seems to have infected many young people and now is spreading almost as an infectious disease. Girls and boys who become teenage parents, without considering the consequences, having in their head just the idea: "I did it and I feel cool." Because today it seems that virginity is something that the sooner you lose it, the sooner you grow up and growing up is compared to a sudden and impulsive act that sometimes requires unpleasant choices and consequences. Sex at that age is no longer seen as a taboo, but as a reason to feel important and at the same time to try something that everyone considers extraordinary. But in the end what is extraordinary in having an intercourse so early? True, it is often said "I love him�, but we must say that love at this age is very simple, sometimes trivial and certainly not lasting. And the baby, what is his future without a parent? And another question is what have they invented condoms for? In recent years the rate of single mothers aged twelve to sixteen has increased by 14% and is steadily growing. The reasons why there is this sudden birth "boom" birth are varied and depend on a number of factors. First of all: the misinformation. There are many guys in fact, who consider sex a game, and believe that it should be done as soon as possible. I suppose this is

due to a lack of "emotional involvement" of their parents in the sexual life of children, and a disregard of the sons to ask for more information. Another important factor is that more and more often television now offers movies and TV series where the sex scenes are violent and not true, but kids want to imitate them just finding them real. And from there teenage marriages start, needed, because the girl is pregnant. The girls themselves often do not realize the risks they face. At fifteen, the chances to have an abortion are high because the uterus is too small and caesareans are frequent. Is it really worth while?

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CARA MAMMA, VOLEVO DIRTI CHE SONO INCINTA! Stavolta la cicogna non c’entra, è solo merito della grande stupidità che sembra aver contagiato molti giovani e che adesso dilaga quasi fosse una malattia infettiva. Ragazze e ragazzi che diventano genitori in età adolescenziale, senza pensare alle conseguenze, avendo per la testa solo l’idea del “l’ho fatto e mi sento un figo!”. Oggi sembra che la verginità sia qualcosa che prima la perdi e prima diventi grande e crescere è paragonato ad un gesto improvviso ed impulsivo che talvolta comporta scelte e conseguenze spiacevoli. Il sesso a quest’età non è più visto come un tabù ma come un motivo per sentirsi importanti ed allo stesso tempo per provare qualcosa che tutti reputano straordinario. Ma alla fine cosa c’è di straordinario nell’avere un rapporto così precoce? È vero, spesso si dice “io lo amo”, ma bisogna pur dire che l’amore a quest’età è molto semplice, talvolta banale e soprattutto non duraturo. E il bambino, che futuro ha senza un genitore? E un ulteriore domanda da porsi è «i contraccettivi che li hanno inventati a fare?».

crescita. I motivi per cui vi è questo “boom” improvviso di nascite sono i più svariati e dipendono da una serie di fattori. Primo fra tutti, la disinformazione. Molti sono i ragazzi, infatti, che reputano il sesso un gioco, e credono che vada fatto il prima possibile. Questo è dovuto, suppongo, ad una mancata “partecipazione emotiva” dei loro genitori nella vita sessuale dei ragazzi, ed una noncuranza dei figli nel chiedere maggiori informazioni. Un altro fattore importante è costituito dalla televisione che sempre più spesso, ormai, propone film e telefilm dove le scene di sesso sono violente e non veritiere, ma che i ragazzi vogliono imitare trovandole più che giuste. E da lì partono i matrimoni in età adolescenziale, fatti per necessità, perché la ragazza è rimasta incinta. Le stesse ragazze spesso, non si rendono conto dei rischi a cui vanno incontro. A quindici anni le probabilità di abortire sono elevatissime poiché l’utero è troppo piccolo ed i tagli cesarei sono molto frequenti. Ne vale realmente la pena?

Negli ultimi anni il tasso di ragazze madri dai dodici anni ai sedici è aumentato del 14% ed è in costante

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Martina Andrulli

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from Izmir

Comparison of Reading compared to using Internet. They find reading more enjoyable than Internet. And they feel that learning on reading a book is a special feeling as they grow up with books. But on the contrary, some people think that using Internet is quite a sufficient way to learn things, they find it both useful and easy. And also, Internet is really reachable for anyone in the world. With these different ideas, it will be beter to think on the subject on both sides.

Books and Using of Internet Reading is one of the basic sources of education life supplying people a great chance to gain knowledge on certain subjects. Reading a book is not only a source which makes people learn things universally but also an activity which prompts emotional world of the human being and makes people develop a character. Drop in reading and tendency to literary genres except for the ones being read at schools and certain situations can be tied to the increase in using Internet in Turkiye. The new generation divest themselves of the fresh smell of a new printed book with the poliferation of Internet. By the means of Internet, information gathering ways are getting easier. The easier it gets, the more desirable Internet becomes. As far as I’m concerned, the opinions on this subject can be seen in two different ways. Some people assume that reading especially on a book can not even

Generally, Internet is a learning source which is accepted by so many people in a very little time. It can not be denied that people can gather information on Internet on many subjects. And they do not have to pay any money for the information they get and also, they can save the information. Searching and classification the information can be easier to make on Internet. And so, Internet is the first source when a student needs to make a search on a certain subject coming into his mind, before library. If we focus on the subject about searching on internet, reading on a book means a great concentration and saving time for the book. Comparing to the searches on Internet, reading and searching from books is harder. But we should be exactly sure about the certainity of the

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information we find on Internet. Since anyone can put information on Internet, we should make sure we find the true information. Especially on some subjects such as health, animals, herbal world, we could not probably know if the information is true or not. But we can absolutely find a book written by an expert on his subject and gather information from the book. And that kind of a search totally has certain information inside. Internet is not a source only for information and some useful information. It is also a communicatio n device among people, quite a widespread one. And this causes a loss of time when someone has to work and search on internet. But when a person decides to search only on books, he should be totally into books and so that he can only focus on the work he is on. Except from all these, reading a book is a really enjoyable and a resting activity. From the point of literary genres, novels, poetry books, essays, story books are people’s best friends from all ages. People can rest and forget about daily life problems while reading, improve their emotional and thinking minds and also their imaginations.

producing these kind of things will also forget writing and publishing new things since it is also costly job. No matter how confusing these ideas, we have to know that both reading and using Internet have its own benefits. When we use the both sources properly, that means we are gathering what we need when the time comes. Of course when we improve themselves, we can be also sure about which source can be more beneficial for us, when we have the time and chance to think about it.

Merve Kılınçarslan, 16.

Türkiye'de kitap okuma ve internet kullanımı karşılaştırması

Considering these reasons, when new generation slightly forgets reading books, poets, writers and people who are The magazine is available at http://thevoiceofteens.blogspot.com/

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Kitap okumak yüzyıllardır süregelen, insanlara belli konularda bilgi birikimi sağlayan, eğitim ve öğretim hayatının temel kaynaklarından bir tanesidir. Kitap okumak sadece kitleler arası bilgi akışı sağlayan bir tür kaynak değil ayrıca roman, şiir, gibi edebi türlerin varlığıyla insanların duygu ve düşünce dünyalarını harekete geçiren, kişiye benlik kazandıran bir eylem. Temel duru mlar ve okulla rda özelli kle okutul an kayna klar dışında edebi türlere olan eğilimin düşüşe geçmesi Türkiye’de özellikle internet kullanımına bağlanabilir. İnternetin kullanımının yaygınlaşmasıyla, bilgi edinme yollarının daha da basitleşmesiyle, özellikle genç nesil, kitap yapraklarından ve yeni basılmış bir kitabın taze kokusundan mahrum ediyorlar kendilerini. Bu konudaki görüşler anladığım kadarıyla ikiye ayrılıyor. Kimi insanlar kitap okumanın, kitap okumaktan alınan zevkin ve öğrenme hissinin internetten bilgi edinmekle kıyaslanamayacağını, kitap okumanın internet kullanmak dışında özel bir his olduğunu düşünürken, kim insanlar da internetin, kitap okumaya oranla daha basit, daha yararlı ve herkes tarafından ulaşılabilir bir yol olduğunu düşünüyor. Bu bağlamda konuyu iki taraf açısından da değerlendirmek yararlı olacaktır. İnternet, genel anlamda çok kısa bir süre içerisinde ve çok hızlı bir biçimde çok daha geniş kitlelere ulaşmış bir bilgi edinme kaynağı. İnkâr edilemez ki internet üzerinden çok fazla konu

hakkında, çok derin bilgiler edinilebilir, bu bilgilere çok büyük maliyetler harcamadan ulaşılabilir ve saklanabilir. Araştırma ve sınıflandırma anlamında internetin kişilere büyük yararları olacaktır ve özellikle araştırma yapması gereken öğrencilerin kitaplardan, kütüphanelerden önce başvuracağı ilk kaynaktır. Kitaplardan araştırmak ve özellikle kitap okumak açısından bakacak olursak, kitap okumak, belli bir zaman ayırmak, bütün bir konsantrasyonla kitaba odaklanmak anlamına gelmekte. Araştırma ve sınıflandırma yapmanın internet üzerinden yapılacak araştırmalara kıyasla daha güç olduğu da doğrudur. Ancak bilinmelidir ki bir takım konular üzerinde internet üzerinden yapılan araştırmaların doğruluğu ve kesinliğinden tam olarak emin olunamayabilir. Sağlık, bitkiler, hayvanlar gibi konular üzerinde araştırma yapan bir kişi tamamen bilgi eksikliğinden dolayı yanlış bir kaynaktan yaptığı bir araştırmayı tamamen doğru olduğunu düşünerek sunabilir ve bu da bir yanılgı anlamına gelir. Oysa ki böylesi bir konuda uzman bir kişi tarafından yazılmış bir kaynaktan yapılan bir araştırma, tamamen doğru bilgiler içerebilir. İnternet, yalnız bilgi ve yararlı konular için kullanılan bir kaynak olmadığından, aynı zamanda bir kitle iletişim aracı olarak sayılabileceğinde n dolayı

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konsantrasyon kaybına yol açabilir. Böyle durumlarda internet üzerinden çalışan ve araştırma yapan insanların kimi zaman vakit kaybına uğramasına yol açabilir. Ancak kitaplardan araştırmalar yapan ve bilgi edinmeye uğraşan bir kişi, yalnızca kitapla muhatap olacağından dolayı tamamen çalışmasına yoğunlaşabilir. Konuyu yalnızca araştırma ve bilgi edinme açısından ele almazsak, kitap okumak tüm bunların dışında oldukça keyifli ve dinlendirici bir aktivitedir. Edebi türler açısından bakılırsa, romanlar, şiir kitapları, denemeler, hikaye kitapları, çocukluktan yaşlılığa kadar insanların en iyi arkadaşı olagelmiştir. İnsanlar kitap okuyarak hem kafalarını boşaltabilir, hem de duygusal ve düşünsel dünyalarını geliştirebilir, hayal güçlerini farklı boyutlara taşıyabilirler.

İki kaynağı da yerinde ve düzgün kullandığımızda hepsinden yeterince yararlanıyoruz, almamız gereken şeyleri alıyoruz demektir. Tabi ki kendimizi geliştirerek, yararlarını ve zararlarını bilerek ve öğrenerek kullandığımızda hangi zamanda hangi kaynağın bize daha büyük yarar sağlayacağını da bilebiliriz.

Merve

Bu sebeple yeni nesil kitap okumaktan uzaklaştıkça yeni yazarların, şairlerin ve üreten insanların körelmesi, özellikle kitap yazmak ve yayımlamak gibi oldukça masraflı işlerden uzak kalacaklarını, üretmedikçe de mesleğe verecekleri emekten vazgeçecekleri düşüncesi kafaları karıştırmaktadır. Karşıt görüşler her ne kadar birbiriyle çarpışsa da internet kullanımının da kitap okumanın da kesinlikle yararlı ve öğretici tarafları olduğunu unutmamak gerekir.

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Kılınçarslan, 16

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MMMM... BU PLASTİKLER NE LEZZETLİ! Billions of plastic bags are produced in the world every year. Most of those bags are thrown away to the garbage or discarded to nature. Disintegration of those plastic bags in the nature is also take long time. Daniel Burd, a 16 years old student from Canada, Waterloo has discovered a rocess which speeds up disintegration of those bags. First, he started to work on the bacteria which help the disintegration of those bags. He observed some substances like plastic bags, mushrooms and soil in the laboratory. Then he found which bacteria species are fed by those plastic bags. At the end, he realized that many kinds of bacteria can disintegrate the plastic bags in three months.

Merve GÜNDOĞDU

Dünyada her yıl milyarlarca plastik torba üretiliyor.Sonunda bu torbaların çoğu çöp alanlarına gidiyor ya da doğaya karışıyor! Plastik torbaların doğada bozulmasıysa,çok ama çok uzun zamanda gerçekleşiyor. Kanada'nın Waterloo kentinden Daniel Burd adlı 16 yaşındaki bir öğrenci,plastik maddelerin bozulmasını hızlandıran bir yöntem keşfetmiş.Önce, plastiğin doğada bozulmasına yardımcı olan bakteriler üzerinde çalışmaya başlamış. Laboratuvarda, plastik torbalar, mantar,toprak gibi maddelerden bir karışım hazırlayarak neler olduğunu gözlemlemiş. Sonra, hangi bakteri türlerinin plastik torbalarla beslendiklerin i bulmuş.Yaptı ğı denemeler sonucunda, çok sayıda bakterinin bir plastik torbanın üç ayda bozunmasını sağlayabileceği sonucuna varmış!

Merve GÜNDOĞDU

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A group of researchers in the USA are working on a special kind of eye drop nowadays. Thanks to this eye drop, people will see even at nights. Everything has started by exploring an oceanic fish which can see just in the red light.This fish spread red light by ‘’bioluminescence’’ property. The ‘’chlorophyll’’ molecules in it’s eyes make it easy to see in the red light. There is more than this! The chlorophyll is normally a colour pigment which is occupied in plants.It is thought that, fish has obtained this pigment from the bacterias which are nutrient for the fish. A group of researcher has found that, chlorophyll is works out also for mammals’ eyes. Now, they are trying to explore an eye drop for human eye which contains chlorophyll. They think that, it will makes easier to see in the darkness.

ABD’den bir grup araştırmacı,çok özel bir göz damlası üzerine çalışıyor.Bu damla sayesinde insanlar,geceleri karanlıkta da görebilecekler.Her şey,okyanusların dibinde yaşayan bir balık türünün,yalnızca kırmızı ışıkta görebildiğinin keşfedilmesiyle başlamış…Bu balık türü, ’biyolüminesans’ özelliği sayesinde çevresine kırmızı ışık yayıyor. Gözünde bulunan ‘klorofil’ molekülleri,kırmızı ışıkta görmesini kolaylaştırıyor.dahası da var! Normalde klorofil,bitkilerde bulunan bir renk maddesi.balığın klorofil moleküllerini,besin olarak tükettiği bakterilerden elde ettiği sanılıyor.bir grup araştırmacı, klorofilin memeli hayvanların gözünde de işe yaradığınıbulmuş.araştırmacılar şimdi,insanlar için klorofilli bir göz damlası üretmeye çalışıyorlar.Bu damlanın karanlıkta görmeyi kolaylaştırabileceğini düşünüyorlar.

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from Kat It is very easy and cheap to come this town in which our school is located. There are hourly bus services from Tokat and Turhal to here.Our teachers come to school by their own guard’s van. Their travel takes 30 minutes. There are bus services for the people who comes from another cities and also there is an airport nearby this town and there are schedule flights for İstanbul in everyday.The airport’s distance is 10 km from Tokat. http://www.kat.bel.tr/

1-Our school is located in Kat that is a town of Tokat and its population is 1500. Our town is between Tokat and Turhal and the distance is 30km to these cities.This is the unique school in town Kat.That is to say, this school is the only thing that students and their families can be in touch with the outside.There isn’t another place for students to know the goal of the life except this school. 2-There are 210 students and 13 teachers in our school and there are two students who needs special education and have trouble in learning.Some of the talented students will feel that they are useful

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by joining the activities that the assistant makes. Because this is the only chance for these poor students to know the Europe culture and Europe people.I want this assistant to give a chance to these students. 3-Our students don’t know enough about the other nations’ cultures,languages,games ,child tales,their life conditions and education activities. There is only one way to imrove our students’ international skills.We can do this by helping them to meet the other cultures people. We will try to make this by making some education activities with the assistant. 4-Our school has joined a national Project and had a success but it hasn’t joined an international Project yet.Our students will know the other cultures and have a good relationship with the other nations’ students by doing this project.We have determined that our students really want to know the Europe cultures and we think that the assistant will be helpful for students to know the cultures. 5-This assistant will not only be helpful for students but also for teachers.Thus teachers will have a chance to improve their education skills. 6-Our students’ families have never been abroad or seen a foreign person. This is just a dream for them but now this dream will become real.

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The pupils in Kat primary school

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In Greece is serious problem, especially the last years. In the young population, it is about 35% and this fact is a very situation. Some of the basic reasons of high unemployment are the following: The industrial production is very low. Many people in Greece feel that the blue-colored professions are of a ‘lower respect’. So they don’t prefer to work in all kinds of jobs. Many Students, due to insufficient presentation of different jobs, choose to study in areas of knowledge with very low job possibility. Source of the basic effects of unemployment are the following: Unemployed people can not meet their basic needs. Unemployed people are full of anxiety and fear. Also, they feel very impressed. Some of the basic actions in order to fight unemployment are the following: The state can help economically the industries who fire unemployed people. The state takes actions to increase the demand. Authors: § Romanos Katerinakis B2, § Basilis Dine B2

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Violence in soccer is a very serious problem that faces our society. Young people, after the soccer games cause many problems. It is pure violence. They break chairs, hit each other, and hit people who don’t want to take part in their violence. As a result of this, behaviors many people don’t go to the stadiums to see a soccer game. Therefore, the violence is a very bad condition and the state must take different actions in order to meet this situation. Self-Respect as a method to reduce violence: A person with self respect is against the violence. All young persons must try to have self-respect. You must remember the following: A good friend always helps you in difficult situations and always says a good word to you. So, gradually you gain self respect. If you are too good to other people you feel proud and so you gain self-respect. Finally, you must remember that all people make mistakes and so you don’t have to feel bad. This builds your self-respect. In short, following these three simple suggestions gradually you will build your own selfrespect and you will respect not only yourself but all the other people.

Authors: Loukas Nomikos B2, Giorgos Mistiloglou B2, Irene Lykourinou B2

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PROPOSITO DEI MILLE… Tra i Mille di Garibaldi, un ruolo considerevole lo ebbe Giambattista Pentasuglia, a cui è intitolato il nostro istituto. Egli nacque il 2 Novembre 1821 a Matera, dove frequentò per alcuni anni il seminario. Successivamente, però, influenzato dalle idee liberali, era un repubblicano, abbandonò la sua città natia e partecipò a varie spedizioni militari nel processo dell’unità d’Italia. Nel 1848 si laureò in Fisica a Torino e svolse importanti incarichi nel campo delle telegrafia. Egli, partecipando alla spedizione dei Mille, contribuì all’unificazione della penisola interrompendo le comunicazioni con l’esercito borbonico tagliando i fili del telegrafo dell’Ufficio di Marsala. La casa regnante borbonica si opponeva all’unificazione della penisola. Successivamente Pentasuglia si occupò delle comunicazioni telegrafiche in tutto il Regno e, inoltre, pubblicò un manuale di telegrafia primo in Italia. Per le sue gesta fu premiato con medaglie d’oro e diversi riconoscimenti. Morì a Matera nel 1880 e, in occasione dei centocinquant’anni dell’Unità, per ricordarlo è stata posta una statua che lo rappresenta nella Villa Comunale, ora Villa dell’Unità d’Italia, di Matera. Noi studenti dell’I.T.I.S G.Pentasuglia lo ricordiamo non solo per le sue imprese nel processo di unificazione italiana, ma soprattutto per essere stato uno dei primi esperti italiani di telegrafia.

Mariangela Cuscianna, Oriana Loschiavo

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ABOUT THE “MILLE”… Giambattista Pentasuglia, after whom our institute was named, had a considerable role among “I Mille” of Garibaldi. He was born on 2nd November 1821 in Matera, where he attended the seminary for a few years. Subsequently, however, influenced by liberal ideas, he was a Republican, left his native town and participated in various military expeditions in the process of the unification of Italy. In 1848 he graduated in physics in Turin and held important positions in the field of telegraphy. He took part in the expedition of “I Mille”, contributed to the unification of the peninsula interrupting communications with the Borbonie army cutting the telegraph wires of the Office in Marsala. The Borbonie royal family objected to the unification of the peninsula. Then Pentasuglia worked on telegraphic communication throughout the Kingdom and also published the first telegraphy manual in Italy. For his exploits he was awarded gold medals and other awards. He died in Matera in 1880 and, on the occasion of the celebration for the one hundred and fifty years of the Unity, to remember him, a statue has been built, which represents him in the Villa Comunale, now Villa Unification of Italy, in Matera. We, students at I.T.I.S “G.Pentasuglia” remember him not only for his contribution in the process of Italian unification, but also for being one of the first Italian experts in telegraphy.

Mariangela Cuscianna, Oriana Loschiavo

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Il Re assume per sé e suoi Successori il titolo di Re d’Italia. Ordiniamo che la presente, munita del Sigillo dello Stato, sia inserita nella raccolta degli atti del Governo, mandando a chiunque spetti di osservarla e di farla osservare come legge dello Stato. Da Torino addì 17 marzo 1861". 1861 Nascita del Regno d’Italia Queste sono le parole solenni che attribuiscono al sovrano la guida politica della nazione. Il nuovo sovrano avrebbe dovuto chiamarsi Vittorio Emanuele I ma per confutare ogni dubbio sulla gestione del Regno, rimarcò la continuità dinastica di casa Savoia. Cavour dal canto suo era entusiasta, aveva ancora poco tempo da vivere ma ammirava l’Italia, la sua creatura era sorta da un variegato mosaico di stati preunitari nonché attraverso un lungo lavoro politico-diplomatico di alleanze con le potenze europee. Tra la prima e seconda metà del XIX secolo, la borghesia europea aveva abbandonato le idealità romantiche che l’avevano spinta al potere e si volse verso orizzonti realistici incarnati nella cultura positivista che ne legittimarono il potere. I sostenitori della vecchia monarchia erano ai margini, ma di lontano si profilava un nuovo e più temuto avversario: lo spettro del comunismo. Era un fantasma che turbava i sogni delle classi dirigenti e si poneva come forza alternativa per la conquista di spazi di

potere in virtù di una poderosa ideologia antagonista. Per Cavour però il potenziale anarchico e socialista riguarderà le generazioni future. Egli aveva assolto il suo compito: aver fatto l’Italia e soprattutto non averla fatta fare a Mazzini. Correva l’anno 1861 e gli ideali del Risorgimento erano esaltati dalla stampa ufficiale, nelle sparute scuole e tramandati negli angoli più remoti della nostra nazione, attraverso una tradizione orale condita con il carattere mitico e fantastico. 1911 I primi 50 anni dell’Unità Il fermento patriottico è sempre acceso ma si assiste alla pericolosa mutazione genetica del concetto di nazione della cultura romantica nel nazionalismo della Belle Epoque. La nazione manzoniana “una d’arme, di lingua, d’altare,/ di memorie, di sangue e di cor” diventa “La Grande proletaria si è mossa” pronta alla guerra intesa come “sola igiene del mondo”. Non è più l’Italia degli accordi di Plombieres, il nostro paese non è più legato alla nazione sorella dalla quale era scaturita la prima scintilla di libertà, allorquando il trionfale ingresso di Bonaparte in Milano aveva scosso dal torpore gli animi dei primi patrioti. È invece l’Italia della Triplice Alleanza, del patto innaturale con il nemico storico del Risorgimento, l’Austria, sui cui stendardi oltre all’aquila imperiale campeggiava, si era detto, l’obbrobrio di un giuramento tradito. Prima di giungere ai 50 anni di unità si passa attraverso la III guerra d’indipendenza, la presa di Roma, la fallimentare politica coloniale di Crispi

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ma anche la repressione interna, la legge Pica, il presidio dell’esercito al sud sostenuto dalla cultura ufficiale e dalle farneticazioni lombrosiane. I festeggiamenti comunque sono organizzati dalla classe dirigente liberale che s’identifica nella figura di Giovanni Giolitti, l’uomo politico che aveva sanato i rapporti con la Santa Sede dopo la frattura del non expedit. Sono gli anni dell’industrializzazione, pur in zone limitate, della politica collaborativa tra i liberali progressisti e il riformismo socialista. Giolitti era riuscito a imbrigliare gran parte della forza di sinistra nell’alveo del socialismo gradualista che dal canto suo aveva mietuto copiosi risultati: miglioramento delle condizioni di lavoro, primi esempi di assistenza sanitaria, e previdenziale, azioni a sostegno delle donne e dei bambini, istruzione elementare obbligatoria. Il 1911 è l’anno della guerra di Libia, tardivo corollario alla già affermata opera di colonizzazione delle potenze europee. Dietro gli splendori delle mostre, della cultura e del progresso, dietro la patinata vetrina europea però si celano terribili le

contraddizioni sociali, le antiche rivalità

tra gli stati, si avverte quasi una fiacchezza morale, un fastidio di civiltà. Poi assisteremo “all’inutile strage” del I terribile conflitto mondiale, agli stati totalitari e al collasso della civiltà liberale. Correva l’anno 1911. I cinquanta anni sono festeggiati in modo solenne. Cavour, Mazzini, Vittorio Emanuele II e Garibaldi sono ancora fulgidi esempi e pur sempre i grandi padri della patria venerati tra i banchi di scuola e ricordati nella toponomastica delle città. 1961 Si celebrano i 100 anni dell’Unità

I cento anni di Unità si celebrano all’insegna della crescita economica. Il nostro paese è inserito nella ferrea logica del mondo bipolare. L’Italia è un paese con vistose peculiarità: porta ancora con sé il peso della guerra, un peso materiale e morale. E’ un paese sconfitto, ha partorito ed esportato uno dei primi esempi di regime totalitario. Allo stesso tempo è presente il più grande Partito Comunista dell’Europa occidentale. La frattura all’interno del campo politico ha radici profonde, tuttavia conclusa l’esperienza centrista, si assiste quasi increduli a una rigogliosa crescita economica. Il cosiddetto miracolo economico che ha il suo apice tra il 1958/1963, segna una forte spinta verso la modernità.

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2011 ovvero 150 anni dell’Unità Reti autostradali, motorizzazione, diffusione di elettrodomestici e TV costituiscono la caratteristica di questi anni, anni in cui si assiste anche al mutamento del costume e della società. Per il momento a garantire la felicità dell’uomo comune sono le tre M (mestiere, moglie, macchina) ma si gettano sin da ora le basi per i nuovi idoli (Marx, Marcuse, Mao) le nuove e rivoluzionarie M della contestazione in Europa e in Italia. Gli anni Sessanta assistono all’elaborazione di una nuova ideologia alternativa, terzomondista, pacifista e femminista che sorge sul tronco del marxismo ortodosso. Correva l’anno 1961. Parole come patria, nazione, unità, tricolore hanno perso il loro fascino, anzi sono pronunciate sottovoce perché di sapore nostalgico, causa l’uso distorto e propagandistico che ne fece il regime fascista. Lo spirito patriottico si trascina stancamente nelle aule scolastiche, dove a tratti si respira ancora lo spirito idealistico-gentiliano.

Sono più allettanti termini sovranazionali, ONU, Patto atlantico, Socialismo, internazionalismo. L’orizzonte nazionale appare troppo angusto in un mondo dove non si può non scegliere da che parte stare.

La società è quella post-industriale, nel mondo esiste una sola superpotenza uscita vittoriosa dalla II guerra mondiale e dalla guerra fredda accanto a un’altra che si affaccia, la Cina dagli sviluppi inaspettati e a tratti inquietanti. Cessato il pericolo del comunismo per le società liberalcapitaliste si aggira lo spettro dell’Islam radicale e di un mondo disperato che bussa alle porte del fortino dei paesi ricchi. L’Italia ha consumato la crisi della I Repubblica e il mancato decollo della seconda. Tutte le forze politiche si uniscono intorno al tricolore anche coloro che vivevano nel mito delle stelle e strisce o della rivoluzione d’ottobre. La nazionale di calcio e qualche compassato momento celebrativo perdono così il loro monopolio, tutti cantano l’inno dello sconosciuto Mameli persino i giocatori di calcio. È reintrodotta la festa della Repubblica, un tempo intesa come rigurgito militarista e nazionalista. Parlare di nazione e patria, ora che sono caduti gli steccati della guerra fredda non fa più paura; il passato tuttavia ritorna e anche la celebrazione non ha visto tutti concordi. Nel momento in cui si festeggiano i 150 anni, sono in edicola, guai se non fosse così, testi che parlano dell’antirisorgimento o del risorgimento tradito. Terroni e Polentoni sono solo due di una serie innumerevole pubblicazioni che indagano sul lato oscuro di quel periodo; non è nuova tale prospettiva, il Risorgimento mancato è presente sia nei Quaderni del carcere di Gramsci sia nella narrativa meridionalista che passa attraverso l’asse I Viceré, I vecchi e i Giovani e il Gattopardo.

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Il giudizio di Gramsci ad esempio è senza appello : “I liberali concepiscono l’unità come allargamento dello Stato piemontese e del patrimonio della dinastia, non come movimento nazionale dal basso, ma come conquista regia…”. Dovunque esercito, coprifuoco, pena di morte eseguita con estrema facilità; deportazione sulle montagne del nord; prefetti e sindaci piemontesi, di nomina governativa, in quelle terre che si proclamavano “liberate”, e, infine, l’acquisizione della complicità di parte della nobiltà e della borghesia meridionale con la cessione di terre del demanio, di proprietà ecclesiastiche confiscate, e di posti a sedere nel Senato di nomina regia, e cioè, ancora una volta, piemontese.

rispondere. Ma questo ora a cosa serve? L’Italia ha avuto una lunghissima gestazione ma un frettoloso parto. Molti furono i lati oscuri, le insufficienze ma forse quella cavouriano-sabauda fu l’unica via per ottenere un risultato che la Spagna, l’Inghilterra, la Francia ad esempio avevano conquistato secoli addietro. Corre l’anno 2011. Il compito della scuola non è legittimare un Risorgimento delle classi dirigenti né quello di inneggiare ai briganti e ai Borboni ma analizzare il periodo attraverso una riflessione critica, inserendo fatti, circostanze, personaggi e moltitudini nelle coordinate del tempo senza mai dimenticare l’orgoglio di appartenere a una nazione culla di cultura e civiltà.

Fratelli d’Italia! Dirà qualcuno. Anche Caino e Abele erano fratelli si potrebbe

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Prof. Giancarlo Minardi

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AUGURI ITALIA! 150 CANDELINE PER TE!

Centocinquant’anni fa, quando la penisola italica era divisa in diversi stati, un esercito di cuori ribelli, I Mille, rischiarono la loro vita per unirla. Erano persone legate soprattutto dagli stessi ideali liberali e repubblicani. Guidati dal generale e patriota Giuseppe Garibaldi, lottarono per ottenere l’unione tanto desiderata della penisola e della popolazione stessa e così il 17 marzo 1861 il loro obiettivo fu raggiunto. Quest’anno, a distanza di centocinquant’anni, questo evento lo ricordiamo tra festeggiamenti e approfondimenti storici. Per questo giorno speciale le scuole sono rimaste chiuse e grandi e piccini si sono riuniti nelle piazze delle loro città adornate da bandiere, festoni e palloncini.

È stata per tutti una giornata emozionante tra concerti, rappresentazioni teatrali, mostre di documenti, animazioni di strada, bande, spettacoli di luce, discorsi toccanti e fuochi d'artificio sotto le stelle. Questa ricorrenza ci ha spinti a riflettere su quanto sia importante condividere gli stessi ideali democratici e repubblicani. Un importante messaggio che dovrebbe essere recepito soprattutto da noi giovani, essendo il futuro dell’Italia. Noi dovremmo impegnarci a mantenere un clima di pace, serenità e spirito di collaborazione per una nazione migliore.

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Mariangela Cuscianna, Oriana Loschiavo

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HAPPY BIRTHDAY ITALY! 150 CANDLES FOR YOU! shows, moving speeches and fireworks under the stars. This anniversary has prompted us to think about how important it is to share the same Republican and democratic ideals. An important message that should be implemented especially by young people is the future of Italy. We should strive to maintain a climate of peace, serenity and spirit of cooperation for a better nation. One hundred and fifty years ago, when he Italian peninsula was divided into several states, an army of rebel hearts, "I Mille ", risked their lives to unite it. These people were especially linked by the same liberal and Republican ideals. Guided by the general and patriot Giuseppe Garibaldi, they fought for so much desired the union of the peninsula and he population itself, and so on 17th March 1861 their goal was achieved. This year, after one hundred and fifty years, we celebrate this event with festivals and historical insights. For this special day schools remained closed and people of all ages gathered in the streets of their cities adorned with flags, streamers and balloons. It was an exciting day for everyone among, theatrical performances, exhibitions of documents, street events, light

Mariangela Cuscianna, Oriana Loschiavo

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What is eTwinning? eTwinning is the Community for schools in Europe. Teachers from all participating countries can register and use the eTwinning online tools (the Portal and the Desktop) to find each other, meet virtually, exchange ideas and practice examples, team up in Groups, learn together in Learning Events and engage in online-based projects.

What is «The voice of Teens»? It’s our new eTwinning project! Teachers and pupils from Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Slovakia and Turkey joined again our forces and continued our previous Comenius project “The Voice of teens”, publishing again our European multilingual magazine! So, we intended to transfer our experience, which we obtained from the previous collaboration to the younger students and to new colleagues in our schools. The students wrote new articles in their mother tongue and in English language too. The new journey (edition) of our magazine “THE VOICE OF TEENS” has already started. Enjoy it… at http://thevoiceofteens.blogspot.com

The magazine is also available at http://www.itismt.it/voice_of_teens/index.htm

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The project “The Voice of teens” is carried out by 6 European schools in the framework of the eTwinning Program during the school year 2010-11. It’s a follower of the previous Comenius project with the same title and subject. The Comenius programme focuses on the first phase of education, from preschool and primary to secondary schools. It is relevant for all members of the education community: pupils, teachers, local authorities, parents’ associations, non-government organisations, teacher training institutes, universities and all other educational staff. Part of the lifelong learning program, Comenius seeks to develop knowledge and understanding among young people and educational staff of the diversity of European cultures, languages and values. It helps young people acquire the basic life skills and competence necessary for their personal development, for future employment and for active citizenship. The programme addresses issues strongly related to current discussions and developments in school policy. Priorities are set annually Comenius has following goals: To improve and increase the mobility of pupils and educational staff in different Member States To enhance and increase partnerships between schools in different Member States, with at least three million pupils taking part in joint educational activities by 2010 To encourage language learning, innovative ICT-based content, services and better teaching techniques and practices To enhance the quality and European dimension of teacher training To improve pedagogical approaches and school management The Comenius programme focuses on the following current priority areas: Motivation for learning and learning-to-learn skills Key competences: improving language learning; greater literacy; making science more attractive; supporting entrepreneurship; and reinforcing creativity and innovation Digital educational content and services School management Addressing socio-economic disadvantages and reducing early school leaving Participation in sports Teaching diverse groups of pupils Early and pre-primary learning

The partners of the new etwinning project are:

Istituto Tecnico Industriale Statale “G. B. Pentasuglia”, Via Mattei, snc, 75100 Matera – Italy – Coordinator http://www.itismt.it/ 3ο Γενικό Λύκειο Νέας Φιλαδέλφειας "ΜΙΛΤΟΣ ΚΟΥΝΤΟΥΡΑΣ", 3rd Upper Secondary School “Miltos Kountouras”, Thessalonikis & Lahana 7. 14342 Νέα Φιλαδέλφεια, Athens – Greece – Coordinator http://3lyk-n-filad.att.sch.gr, http://3lyk-n-filad.att.sch.gr/index_grammateia.htm

OU Kocho Chestemenski, [Основно училще "Кочо Честеменски", Пловдив] (BU),

Plovdiv - Bulgaria http://schools.guide-bulgaria.com/SC/?pg=11 Obchodná akadémia Topoľčany, Inovecká 2041, 955 94 Topoľčany – Slovakia http://www.oato.edu.sk/

Kat ilköğretim okulu, Turhal – Tokat – Turkey http://okulweb.meb.gov.tr/60/08/202336/

İzmir Konak-Mersinli Anadolu Teknik -Teknik ve Endüstri Meslek Lisesi, 2816 Sk. No:19, 35110 Izmir – Turkey, http://okulweb.meb.gov.tr/60/08/202336/

Each headmaster is responsible for the contents of the pupils’ articles in the magazine.

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the partners map

the logo

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The logotype

The label

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The Voice of Teens