Page 1


THE WIND GRAMMAR SAN BARTOLOMÉ DE LANZAROTE


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Categories include Environment, Architecture, Infrastructure and Function. Each factor can be grouped into one of these categories parameters were analyzed and compared by the way the factor influence the other.

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The fundamental element guiding of the project and analysis of the factors that impact life in San Bartolome and, in general, the island of Lanzarote.

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The second column shows the different factors that impact life in San Bartolomè. Analysis of factors led to selection of targeted factors that have the greatest potential to impact life in San Bartolomè through the project (spatial influences of morphological type, energy issues, functional issues, and issues that influence the connective fabric).

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THE WIND GRAMMAR

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This first analisys directed us to produce targeted maps of the factors taken into account, in order to find a consistent result between the type of variables and the way they affect the reality of San Bartolomè.


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2000 mm turbines = 4.9 kWh

3100/5000 mm turbines = 20.5 kWh

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micro energy

water conservation

THE WIND GRAMMAR

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water making machine

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piezoeletric wind paddels

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Analysis of directional wind impedence and level of potential energy production

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micro wind turbine

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Each system chosen optimizes energy efficiency while reducing environmental impact. Smaller system are used to generate lighting for public areas.

Solar power pannel for domestic use to increase the electric power in case of more than 4 peoples. Domestic wind power can produce 2,5 Kw.

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150 L/Day

5 Kg Carbon

0.5 Kg Carbon

1.7 Kg Waste

The result is the best combination of technologies that have a productive and efficient impact.

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Analysis of energy consumption, water consumption, and garbage production per day for the average Lanzarote citizen. The same factors are then considered with the effect of mini-wind, water purifiers, and solar panels.

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1.7 Kg Waste

64 Kwh green

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Social areas with big drops to the prevailing wind direction guarded by motorwind wall.

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wind paddles on elevated social areas, grid oriented to maximise wind efficiency.

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1.7 Kg Waste

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water conservation

micro energy

water making machine

larger turbine

domestic wind turbine

solar power

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micro wind turbine

domestic wind turbine

micro energy

solar power

micro wind turbine

domestic wind turbine

water making machine

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3XEOLFXVHV Shading for bike path provided by micro wind turbine. Shading provided by solar panelled trees in depressed social areas.


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outdoor social spaces

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THE WIND GRAMMAR

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47% of the bike path is not shaded 45% of the exsposed path is inside our plot

Bike Path

Bike Path Extension

The proposed master plan connects the old city to the new developement and social housing through a grammar of social spaces, urban gardens, a walking and cycling promenade and private gardens responding to the morphology of the existing city’s organic growth.

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distance from bike path to the school that is closest to our site is 650 m.

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distance from bike path to points of interest

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social spaces

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plot limits

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bike path in our site

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the bigger radius the closer this place is to the point of interest

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Map of the distance between the bike/sports track and important public buildings and social spaces in San Bartolomè. The path begins on our site, with most points of interest far from the site. We proposed new points of interest in close proximity to the path in our site. The map also notes areas of the path exposed to sun.

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Different H[DPSOHV RIUHDGLQJ 6 points of interest around the place

max min min max

6 points of interest around the place

Analysis of reachability within San Bartolomè dotted lines enclose areas with a walking distance of 5 and 10 minutes along existing roads. The outer areas highlight the reachability in the ABSENCE of existing roads. The dependence on and impact of the existing road network is apparent.

6 points of interest around the place

Analysis of reachability when proposed social spaces and public buildings on our site are taken into account. This strategy could be used for future expansions of San Bartolomè.

min

max

5 points of interest around the place max

min

Analysis of the proximity of important social spaces and public buildings to each other. Values are assigned to areas of San Bartolomè based on the density of these items. Site has the potential to dynamically manipulate this density through our proposed master plan.

5 and 10 min walk radius under perfect conditions 5 and 10 min walk radius on the existing streets plot outline road donna what to write donna what to write donna what to write potential expansion of the town

new social spaces proposed

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Code of Calderetas street

South

4.

North West Side of Calle Doctor Flemming

North

Code of doctor Fleming street

2% detached 9% 3 floor

2% semi-detached

57% 2 floor

5% terraced

s

10% semi-detached

34% 1 floor

20% terraced

6% semi-detached

Patio Patio

Terraced/Semi-detached

11% terraced Patio Patio

2+3 bedroom

Patio

Calle Seña Balbina

4+5/6 bedroom

Patio

West

Patio

Patio

Patio

East

Patio

Calle Calderetas Patio

Patio

Patio

New Social Housing

Patio

Calle docto r Flem ming

Patio

Patio

Calle doctor Flemming

Calle del Timanfaya

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Detached

Semi-Detached

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Typologies proposed for use in social Housing

North

17% detached

Patio

C a ll e C

27% detached

THE WIND GRAMMAR

South

East Side of Calle Doctor Flemming

Nor th

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Calle Labrador

Plaza Leon Y Castillo

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Patio

Patio

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A

THE WIND GRAMMAR E

1st

- 3 bedroom

B

1st

2nd

- 3 bedroom

- 2 bedroom

1st

- 2 bedroom

I

1st

2nd

- 3 bedroom

2nd

- 3 bedroom

- 2 bedroom

F

2nd

D

C

G

1st

1st

2nd

- 3 bedroom

- 3 bedroom

- 2 bedroom

2nd

- 3 bedroom

- 2 bedroom

H

2nd

1st

- 2 bedroom

2nd

- 3 bedroom

Assembly

J

1st

- 2 bedroom

- 2 bedroom

D C

F

G

B

J

H A

1st

- 3 bedroom

2nd

- 2 bedroom

1st

- 6 bedroom

2nd

- 4 bedroom

I

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November

March

Higest 21

22

20

Lowest 13

13

16 19

29

19

15 23

29

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April

23

18 29

28

HS

RV

LWL

May

VS

September

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Annual air temperature

14

October

14

linear patterns

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25

14

TX

Function A: - Promenade - Green Space

min: 2 m max: 5 m

Febraury

23

individual unit

A

DF

min: 1 m max: 2 m min: 1 m max: 8 m June 95 December 142

Janaury December

18

Pattern

16

Section

25

Linear Plan

August

June

hedgerows

July

C Module: X = 1.5 m

x

Semi-circular Plan

Section

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1

1 Bedroom

2 Bedroom

3 Bedroom

4 Bedroom

5/6 Bedroom

3x

4x

5x

6x

8x

6x

x

6x 40.5m 2

6x 54 m2

6x 67.5 m2

Pattern x2 h1 h 1 +d 1 •[ 1

d 1 h 2 +d 2 •[ 2

h2 d2

min: 3 m max: 15 m min: 3 m max: 10 m

semi-circular patterns

Public

Function B: - Social spaces - Gardens

Parks Greenspace Commercial

Semi-Private Outdoors Patio

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6x 81 m2

108 m2

Semi-Private Indoors

Private

Living Dining Kitchen

Bedrooms

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min: 1 m max: 3 m

x1

individual unit

Seasonal planting in San Batolomè

0

All circulation obeys the defined levels of Privacy, stepping one level at a time

Planting

Available Plants 500

Pyroclastic material: - volcanic cone - lapilli field

Rectangular Plan

Section

Dells separated or connected according to plant type compatibility larger dells form social areas connected by central path.

Dells connected forming a diffused circulatory path submerged level sheltered from winds.

Overlapping plots at different vertical elevation can be assigned to varying plant height.

Plants and trees are submerged or raised according to resistance to the elements social areas formed by gaps in plant lines wavy form responds to the natural shapes of organic growth.

Plots are arranged into commercial enclosed units shielded from prevailing winds space under ramp is utilised for storage.

Rather than build numerous separate defensive shields at considerable cost use perforated green house roof commercial farming enables possibility of third-party benefits.

100

100

30 10

30 10

cm

Sweet potato

Tomato

Watermelon

Melon

Aloe

Circulation permettes through courtyards differing block heights are arranged to provide optimal shading.

Circulation running through lower courtyards emulates imperial processional architecture.

Courtyards dissipate in size away from the road to gradually merge with social spaces, roofline alters to create a visual and pedestrian connection between units.

Courtyard shape altered to define a less rigid and spatially less domineering experience roofline connected and sloping to meet prevailing wind.

Jardin de Cactus

Olive Tree

Canary Palm Tree

6.

Function C: - Public buildings

rectangular patterns

Circulation.

cm

Major Planting

min: 6 m max: 15 m

Pattern

min: 12 m max: 30 m

individual unit

Differently sizedplots responding to different functions.

300 200

Farming Circulation

400

Courtyard orientation altered to improve street and social space facades large social spaces are created to the north-west and south-east.

Courtyards separated by central commercial avenue, courtyards are themselves split to enable horizontal axis to avenue.

Central avenue is raised allowing direct access to second floor, first floor is then utilized as more private space and accessed from street or social side.

Central space is aligned with existing landmarks (volcano), to create impressive vistas and a more engaging social space.

Courtyards are alteredto reduce claustrophobia and provide a distinct directionality the blank walls can be customised accordingly.

THE WIND GRAMMAR


7. THE WIND GRAMMAR


the wind grammar Europan 11 by picernocerasolab  

project for europan 11 at lanzarote.

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