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PIANKA PAUL architecture portfolio Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute


CONTENT Spring 2013; Fall 2012

Summer 2012

Fall 2011

Urba[n]ature

Governor’s Hook

Dynamic Horizontal Bands

Purbachal, Dhaka, Bangladesh

New York City, NY

Dundee, UK.

Critic: Jeremy Carvelho

Critic: Mitchell Joachim

Critic: Mark Mistur; Demetrios Comodromos

04

10

16


Spring 2011

Fall 2010

Operatic Operations

Radiant Air Baltic

Istanbul, Turkey

Riga, Latvia

Critic: Sulan Kolatan

Critic: Joe McDonald 24

Spring 2010

Shaker’s Regimen

-Artifact -Pavilion -Museum

Mount Lebanon

Critic: Erik Carver; Andrew Sanders 26

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URBA[N]ATURE Urbanization that protects nature

LANDSCAPE CONTINUES TO THE SKIN OF THE BUILDING NETWORK OF ROADS

OPENING THROUGH THE EXTERIOR SKIN ALLOWS SUNLIGHT AND HELPS WITH THE NATURAL VENTILATION

RAIN WATER COLLECTION CHAMBER

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The design proposes a continuous woven structure along the river sides, where there is an integration of agricultural with housing and infrastructure. This continuous structure creates a landscape, where it works as an open public spaces, agricultural fields and sometimes become the roof top of a building. Through layering, it links different functions throughout the site. To control the flood and rain water, the drainage system directs the water flow from river and other areas to linked wetlands for collection and purification. As part of the program, bio-gas hills with open plazas at the top are used for energy production, different height of fields are used for agriculture growth, creating social integration by mixing residential apartments for middle and upper class citizen and settlement housing for poor farmers.

WALKING PATHS

OPENING THROUGH THE EXTERIOR ENVELOPE ALLOWS SUNLIGHT AND HELPS WITH THE NATURAL VENTILATION

MIX USE PUBLIC SPACES FOR RESIDENCE

SOME APARTMENTS WITH DOUBLE HEIGHT INTERIOR SPACES OF THE RESIDENTIAL APARTMENT

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The topography of Bangladesh is basically low-lying, flat alluvial land with an extensive network of rivers and channels. The total land area is 147, 570 sq km, where 80% is flatland, and 20% land is 1 meter or less above sea level. Its geographical location makes it prone to heavy rains, floods, and high intensity storms which cause immense loss of life and property almost every year. On top, the snow melt from Himalayas causing the sea water rise and making the extreme Floods more destructive in this deltaic country. The monsoon climate is definitely one of the reasons behind flooding; it brings lush green landscape all year round with rain-bearing winds, warm temperatures and humidity. Flooding also makes the land very fertile. Therefore, agriculture is the single largest producing sector of the economy for this poor country. Because of these natural disasters and seeking for better economic opportunities, many villagers have abandoned agricultural work and forced to move nearby cities, which increases the population density as well as the growth rate of slums or unplanned informal settlements of those areas. As population increases in the cities, problems of sanitation, air and water quality, energy consumption, and need of housing also increases. To reduce this load, areas near the cities are getting introduced with urbanization, which effecting the agricultural lands.

Rainfall totals

Flood prone areas

Flood Depth

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OLD DHAKA INDIGENOUS PATTERN

NEW DHAKA GRID PATTERN

NEW DHAKA INFORMAL LAYOUT

NEW DHAKA PLANNED SCHEME

COEXISTENCE OF PLANNED COEXISTENCE OF PLANNED & NON PLANED & NON PLANED

Height above Sea Level (m)a

SITE

SITE HEIGHT ABOVE SEA LEVEL ~ 8m OR 26ft.

SITE

TOTAL RAINFALL ON SITE~ 150 mm.

SITE

ON AVERAGE THE SITE IS NOT FLOOD PRONE AREA

SITE

SITE FLOOD DEPTH ~ (100-200) cm OR (3-6)ft.

Rainfall totals

Flood prone areas

Flood Depth

CREATING CORRIDOR SPACE AT THE END OF THE DRAINAGE BRANCH WETLAND NEXT TO THE MAIN DRAINAGE

CIRCULATION THROUGH THE CROSS SHAPE KNOTTED STRUCTURE

WETLAND NEXT TO ONE SIDE OF THE DRAINAGE BRANCH

WETLAND AND AGRICULTURE FIELD NEXT TO THE DRAINAGE BRANCH

WETLAND BOTH SIDE OF THE DRAINAGE BRANCH WETLAND AND AGRICULTURE FIELD BOTH SIDE OF THE DRAINAGE BRANCH

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DOUBLE LAYER SKIN; THE EXTERIOR MONOLITHIC FORM HELPS TO DIRECT THE RAINWATER FOR STORAGE AND TO DRAINAGE

GREEN SPACE

ELEVATED AGRICULTURE FIELD CONTINUED PATH; CONNECTED WITH THE RESIDENTIAL APARTMENT BUILDING

RESIDENTIAL APARTMENTS FOR MIDDLE CLASS AND UPPER CLASS PEOPLE

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INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS FOR POOR PEOPLE

STRAWS LAID ON TOP OF TIN ROOF BAMBOO WOVEN WALL

FARMERS COULD SELL THEIR GOOD AT THE NEARBY MARKET PLACE

PAVED OPEN PLAZA, EXTENDED LANDSCAPE FOR PUBLIC GATHERING

SIMPLE INITIAL STRUCTURE

HOUSING COULD BE DEVELOPED LATER BASED ON THE ABILITY OF THE RESIDENCE

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BIO-GAS PLANT

OPEN LOCAL FARMERS MARKET


GOVERNOR’S HOOK Resilient Waterfront Infrastructure 01

02 04

08

03 07

06

01 GOVERNORS ISLAND NATIONAL MONUMENT 02 SERPENTINE CHANNEL + SEDIMENT CATCHMENT 03 CORAL COAST SOFT INFRASTRUCTURE 04 PARTY TOWER 05 BROADWAY INFRASTRUCTURE + HOUSING

tidal marsh

1

06 BROADWAY BRIDGES 07 TRANSPORTATION HUB BUILDING 08 ATLANTIC STADIUM 09 BROOKLYN BATTERY TUNNEL ENTRANCE + BQE 10 GREENBELT FINGERS

industry

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10

futu


05

09

10

Residential Buildings Mixed Residential & commercial Buildings

Commercial / Office Buildings Industrial / Manufacturing open Space and Outdoor Recreation Public Facilities & Institutions

Transportation & Utility Parking Facilities Vacant Land All Others or No Data

ure

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RED HOOK

GOVERNORS ISLAND

1839 City of Brooklyn publishes a plan to create streets

1636 Dutch Colonization of New Amsterdam (New York) settled “Roode Hoek” (Red Hook)

1848 the Great Fire of Brooklyn

1637 Walter Van Twiller from Holland purchases Governors Island from the Lanape for 2 ax heads, a string of beads, and a handful of nails 1664 English Conquest of New Amsterdam (Dutch New York)

1600

1776 Forts constructed on Governors Island + Red Hook 1834 Brooklyn is officially a city

1700

RED

1636 - 1776 Red Hook is HOOK settled by Dutch immigrants, who created tidal mill ponds in low lying areas

> 1600’s Governors Island is called the hickory, oak and chestnut trees

1900 1900 - 1950’s Mass urbanization of the East River Shore

1840’s Entrepreneurs built ports along the coast

GOVERNORS “Pagganck” (Nut Island) by the ManhaISLAND tas Indians, who lived on the island, for

2001 22 acres of Governors Island is preserved as a national monument

1883 Brooklyn 1858 water infrastructure Bridge is 1964 BQE established frombuilt completed Ridgewood Reservoir 1990 LIFE magazine named Red 1860 Brooklyn is Hook as “worst” the third largest neighborhood in city in the USA the US

1800

>late 1600’s 1776 - 1783 British BROOKLYN By 1684 all Native Americans were “sold” to occupation of European settlers NY metro area

1918 Governors Island rail road constructed

2000

1936 - 1964 The Brooklyn Queens Expressway is planned and completed costing $137 million

1920’s - 1960’s Red Hook is the busiest freight port in the world

early 1900’s Fill from the excavation for the Lexington Subway line adds 103 acres of Governors Island to total 172 acres in 1912

2007 Design competition to redevelop Governors Island 2001 The US government sells Governors Island to the NY public for $1

1934 - 1968 Robert Moses completes 13 expressways in New York City + Brooklyn

1960’s - 1990’s “Hooverville” is a nickname given to the Red Hook neighborhood due to large numbers of homeless 1966 - 1996 Governors Island is used for the National Coast Guard

HISTORY development timeline |

12

1966 - 1996 Governors Island is used for the National Coast Guard


Queensboro Bridge

Williamsburg Bridge

Manhattan

Brooklyn Bridge Brooklyn Battery Tunnel

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BROOKLYN HEIGHTS

WILLISAMSBURG

278 FORT GREEN

PARK SLOPE GOWANUS Prospect Park

278 GREEN WOOD

LOWER

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Brooklyn Navy Yard

GOVERNORS ISLAND RED HOOK

BAY RIDGE

The Governor's Hook encompasses the south Brooklyn neighborhood of Red Hook and Governors Island. It focuses on the issue of storm water retention in the Brooklyn waterfront and feeds into a large research area of sea level affecting coastal areas and cities. The design proposes an investigation of adaptive reuse of former military vessels to create a riparian buffer zone that deals with issues of surges and flood management in New York Harbor. Instead of keeping the water out, the infrastructure is designed to let the water in.

495

UPPER BAYBridge

STATEN ISLAND

THE SITE

MANHATTAN

495

EAS T RI VER

Queens Midtown tunnel

HU D RIV SON ER

Brooklyn is the most populous of New York City’s five boroughs, with approximately 2.5 million residents, and the secondlargest in area. Since 1896, Brooklyn has had the same boundaries as Kings County, which is now the most populous county in New York State and the second-most densely populated county in the United States, after New York County (Manhattan). It is also the westernmost county on Long Island. Brooklyn was an independent city until it was annexed by New York City in 1898. It continues to maintain a distinct culture. Many Brooklyn neighborhoods are ethnic enclaves where particular ethnic groups and cultures predominate. Brooklyn’s official motto is Eendraght Maeckt Maght. Written in the (early modern spelling of the) Dutch language, it is inspired by the motto of the United Dutch Provinces and translated “Unity makes strength”. The motto is displayed on the borough seal and flag, which also feature a young robed woman bearing fasces, a traditional emblem of republicanism. Brooklyn’s official colors are blue and gold. (wikipedia.com)

Central Park

BROOKLYN


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nB kly oo Br nnel Tu er y att

COLUMBIA STREET WATERFRONT DISTRICT Fort Jay

278

COBBLE HILL

Atl ant ic

Bas in

Governors Island National Monument

CARROLL GARDENS

Brooklyn Cruise Terminal

red hook + governors island

Ikea

Erie Basin

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278

an al

RED HOOK

Coffey Park

Go wa na sC

UPPER BAY


The horizontal concrete bands imply a solid wall but have unique penetrations to provide a porous and solid juxtaposition of material. This dynamic motion confronts the urban waterfront, transitions into the facade and is embedded into the Tay River. A fluid language between context and building envelope literally flow into the river to capture the rise and fall of the water’s tide. Thus, the stepped waterfront is a variable use system which affords users to interact with the site and the river as they change.

V&A MUSEUM DUNDEE DUNDEE, SCOTLAND, UK

ITZLI CEJA + PIANKA PAUL DESIGN DEVELOPMENT FALL 2011

LOCATION PLAN

REVISIONS N0. DATE

DESCRIPTION

1

9/19/11

PRELIMINARY 1

2

10/13/11

PRELIMINARY 2

3

10/26/11

MIDTERM

4

11/16/11

AFTER MIDTERM

5

12/09/11

FINAL REVIEW

DYNAMIC HORIZONTAL BANDS SCALE : 1 : 500 DRAWING TITLE SITE PLAN

DRAWING NUMBER

A-100

V&A MUSEUM DUNDEE DUNDEE, SCOTLAND, UK

The facade consists of corbelled prefabricated concrete units that are post-tensioned with horizontal cables to create stabilization. The exterior facade is covered with a layer of insulation and steel panels. The resulting openings are sealed with glass bricks to allow an ambient interior lighted condition. The filtered light prevents damage to the museum pieces inside.

ITZLI CEJA + PIANKA PAUL

ELEVATOR CORE

FIRE EXIT SERVICE ENTRANCE PUBLIC CIRCULATION

5 m .25 m

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT FALL 2011

LOCATION PLAN

DYNAMIC HORIZONTAL BANDS

CONCRETE WALL UNIT GLASS BLOCK UNIT

DRAWING TITLE FACADE DIAGRAMS

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03


DYNAMIC HORIZONTAL BANDS

A museum that becomes a art

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V&A MUSEUM DUNDEE DUNDEE, SCOTLAND, UK

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GALLERIES

12

OBJECT PREPARATION

13

OBJECT STORAGE

14

STORAGE

15

MACHINE ROOM

ITZLI CEJA + PIANKA PAUL

A-300

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT FALL 2011

A-301

LOCATION PLAN

B4

B3 B2 12

B1 13 14

15

F1

REVISIONS N0. DATE

11

E1

A3

A2 A1

DESCRIPTION

1

9/19/11

PRELIMINARY 1

2

10/13/11

PRELIMINARY 2

3

10/26/11

MIDTERM

4

11/16/11

AFTER MIDTERM

5

12/09/11

FINAL REVIEW

A’-301

D1

DYNAMIC HORIZONTAL BANDS

C1

SCALE : 1 : 200 DRAWING TITLE 2ND FLOOR PLAN

DRAWING NUMBER

A-102

A’-300

FL

FL

FL

FL

FL

ROOF

3

2

1

GROUND

HIGH TIDE

LOW

TIDE

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GRAVEL METAL GRAVEL STOP ROOFING MEMBRANE TREATED WOOD NAILER

STEEL ANGLE ROOF DECK

FL

ROOF

PURLIN

RAFTER GLASS ROOF

FASTENING PLATES

FL

3

EXPANSION STRIP GLASS BLOCKS RIGID INSULATION PRECAST CONCRETE UNITS PRECAST CONCRETE STAIRS

FL

2

LIGHT GAUGE FRAME PLASTER ON TOP OF SHEETROCK SUPPORT WIRE

CASTELATED BEAMS

FL

1

PRECAST CONCRETE WHITE PANEL LIGHT WEIGHT CONCRETE STEEL JOIST

STEEL DECK STEEL CAP MORTER JOINTS

FL

GROUND

TENSILE REINFORCEMENT

PRECAST CONCRETE STEPS CONCRETE PILES

HIGH TIDE

LOW TIDE

FL

FL

FL

FL

FL

ROOF

3

2

1

GROUND

HIGH TIDE

LOW

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TIDE

A-500

WALL SECTION

DRAWING NUMBER

SCALE : 1 : 40

DRAWING TITLE

DYNAMIC HORIZONTAL BANDS

MIDTERM

AFTER MIDTERM

12/09/11

5

DESCRIPTION

PRELIMINARY 1

11/16/11

PRELIMINARY 2

10/26/11

FINAL REVIEW

9/19/11

10/13/11

1

2

3

4

N0. DATE

REVISIONS

LOCATION PLAN

FALL 201

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

ITZLI CEJA + PIANKA PAUL

DUNDEE, SCOTLAND, UK

V&A MUSEUM DUNDEE

WEAR COURSE


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In order to create a dynamic space, the concept of dynamic horizontal bands was incorporated into every aspect of the museum; the site, the facade, the roof. These general affects are inherent to the museum’s enclosure. Additionally, museum curating and circulation are unique to this building because they follow the logic of the dynamic horizontal bands. In order to differentiate, the cores and floor plates juxtapose the facade; the floors act as varied viewing plates that allow the user to literally move from main circulation embedded into the facade onto the plates. This motion repeats itself and in order to move through the building, one must always return to the facade in order to walk to the next plate. Certain wall elements are further extruded into shelves to house curated museum pieces.

GLASS ROOF ENCLOSURE

V&A MUSEUM DU

DUNDEE, SCOTLAND,

ITZLI CEJA + PIANKA PAUL

DESIGN DEVELOPM FALL

CORE

LOCATION PL

FACADE STEPPED ROOF EMBEDDED FACADE STAIR MAIN CIRCULATION ADA SITE CIRCULATION

REVISIONS N0. DATE

DESCRIPT

1

9/19/11

PRELIMIN

2

10/13/11

PRELIMIN

3

10/26/11

MIDTERM

4

11/16/11

AFTER MID

5

12/09/11

FINAL REV

DYNAMIC HORIZONT BANDS

SCALE : 1 : 5 DRAWING TITLE SITE PLAN

DRAWING NUMB

A-100

V&A

DUN

CORE

WALL ELEMENTS and BEAMS

FLOOR PLATE

IT C + PI PA

DE DE

LO

PILES

RE N0.

1 2 3 4 5

D H B

DR

S D

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Physical Models

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OPERATIC OPERATIONS

The Opera house driven from minimal surfaces

Inside of the 1

SEATING

2

STAGE

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By studding cell iteration, the initial design goal was to produce a variety of spaces through attractor points across the grated mat morphologies. The tessellation of the cells helped to create an urban park consists of opera houses, theater, shopping places, administrative buildings and parking garage. Because the site encompasses a large urban exterior span that meets the subway station underground. The main opera house acts as a monument connecting the existing the Republic Monument of Taskim Square and other parts of the connected form abutting edge mimics the residential row housing to create distinct neighborhood parks/ lawns.

4 6 1

SEATING

2

STAGE

4

DRESSING ROOMS

5

REHEARSAL ROOM

6

TICKET OFFICE

7

LOBBY

5

1

4

The main opera main opera

2

1

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A term

Since Riga, Latvia has a distinctive quality of light, the concept of the terminal is to create a dynamic skin by parametric modeling that will respond to the light. Parametrically the skin could be open both horizontally and vertically and three attractor points control the openings. The vertical openings are highest around the middle of the terminal and it decreases as it moves towards the piers and the horizontal openings are the opposite. The extruded skin will help to prevent direct light into the building. Both the Schengen and Non-Schengen sides of the terminal are identical that the entire passenger could enjoy the same experience. The arrivals people are greeted by the grand scale arrival zone and it gives them a friendly welcome.

SECTION: A-A’

SECTION : A - A’ SECTION: B-B’

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AIR BALTIC TERMINAL, RIGA RADIANT AIR BALTIC

minal where the performative skin respond to the light

EXTERIOR SKIN

STRUCTURAL GRID

FLOOR SLAB

MULLION

COLUMNS

SCALE = 1:1000

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M

M

M

M

M

A B737-500

olPoint

olPoint BoardingContr

olPoint

B737-500

BoardingControlPoint

BoardingControlPoint

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BoardingControlPoint

4.5720 4.5720

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B737-500

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4.5720

SCALE = 1:1000

2 nd FLOOR PLAN B’

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28 M

M

M

M

M

M

M

Point

B737-500

4.5720

4.5720

W BoardingControlPoint

BoardingControlPoint

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PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint

00

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B737-500

S B737-500

B737-500

C’ 4.5720

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B737-5

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PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint PassportControlPoint

TAXI STAND

4.5720

4.5720

4.5720 4.5720

OFFICES

A’ AIR SIDE

SECURITY CHECK

N TICKET AND BOARDING PASS CHACK IN

E LANDSIDE

F-70

F-70

A

4.5720

B737-500

4.5720

B737-500

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B B737-500

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BUS STAND

LAND SIDE

4.5720

4.5720

DUTY FREE

FOOD AND BEVERAGE

RETAIL

BAR

RESTROOMS


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SHAKER’S REGIMEN

Dance pavilion: performance driven from Shaker comm SHAKER COMMODE SHAKER TOWN COLLECTION LOCATION: HANCOCK SHAKER VILLAGE DATE : 1830

SHAKER ARTI-

The three performances and affects inherent in the Shaker commode are: heat stack, obscuration, and multiple flow. Similar to heat stack, the odors travel from the commode through holes, metal tubes and the chimney and released in the air. This type of commode was mainly used in the infirmary because of the hygienic quality of this. The odors also had a chance to travel from different part of the commode. The shakers used tri-folded screen for privacy.

09 MULTIPLE FUNCTIONS

HEAT STACK

OBSCURATION

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PIANKA PAUL AD3 2010 ERIK CARVER

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mode

The Horizontal two-way frame structure of the pavilion will arrive from the performance of the artifact (Commode). It also helps to bring the natural light inside as well as the ventilation in to the space. The overall structure of the pavilion will represent the heat stack where the hot air from the dance floor will rise up and the cool air will come from the bottom. The panels from the overhangs and the walls will be obscure that those obscured the sun and the view from others. The program is separated into three-separated area to create different airflows. They are, a big enclosed open roof dance hall, a open small dance hall shaded by a overhang, and the enclosed area including the rest rooms, storage and the kitchen.

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SHAKER’S REGIMEN

Shaker museum: performance driven from Shaker co

The concept of the museum arrive from the three performance of the shaker Commode, heat stack, obscurity and multiple flow. The design of the museum assisted the exhibition of shaker culture at varying scales: artifacts, family, village, and the society. The tower act as core and it is a unusual space in the museum, where there is a indoor garden at the ground level. Being inside the tower, a person will feel holy because of the darkness and the little light comes from the top and from the opening in the facade. The tower also creates a heat stack effect. The façade of the museum is perforated metal and it creates obscurity. The size of the holes depends on the side of the museum. Southern side has smaller holes then northern side. The openings allow day light but prevents direct sunlight into the museum. The inverted pyramid shape also help shading the building.

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ommode

A

14. LOBBY/ TICKETS 15. LOUNGE/ CAFE

14

7.

COLLECTION STORAGE

8.

LOADING DOCK

9.

FREIGHT LIFT

17.

FIRE STAIRS

18.

ELEVATOR

17

8

B

9

B’

18

15

7

A’

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LEVEL : 1


GALLERY SEQUENCE NORTH ELEVATION

EXHIBITION ADMINISTRATION PUBLIC AMENITY STORAGE

INTERIOR CIRCULATION

SECTION : B - B’

STRUCTURE

GIRDER = W-SHAPE JOIST = OPEN WEB STEEL JOIST COLUMN = SQUARE TUBING FOUNDATION = CONCRETE NATURAL VENTILATION THROUGH NEGATIVE SPACE

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PIANKA PAUL pianka.paul@gmail.com TEL: 515-612-0917


Pianka Paul's Architecture Portfolio