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2015 Annual Report CHANGING MEDICINE. SAVING LIVES. ADVANCING HUMAN HEALTH AND ETHICAL RESEARCH.


Mission The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine is a nonprofit health organization dedicated to saving and improving lives through good nutrition, advanced medical research, and public policy advocacy.

Vision Creating a healthier world through a new emphasis on prevention, plantbased nutrition, and scientific research conducted ethically, without using animals.


Table of Contents

2

We Work to Save Lives

6

Costly Chimpanzee Experiments

8

Harmful Heart Failure Research

11

Killer Cholesterol

12

The Western Diet

13

Hazardous Hospital Foods

15

Transforming Nutrition Research

16

Publishing Plant-Based Studies

17

Accelerating Alcohol and Antibodies Research

18

Healing Hearts

21

Championing New Chemical Testing Methods

22

Purging Processed Meats

25

Schooling Scientists

26

Modernizing Medical Education

28

Alleviating Alzheimer’s Disease

29

Fighting Diabetes

30

Improving School Lunches

32

Leadership

33

2015 Consolidated Fiscal Year Report

CHANGING MEDICINE. SAVING LIVES.

2015 ANNUAL REPORT 1


At the Physicians Committee, we work to save lives.

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PHYSICIANS COMMITTEE COMMITTEE FOR FOR RESPONSIBLE RESPONSIBLE MEDICINE MEDICINE PHYSICIANS


CHANGING CHANGING MEDICINE. MEDICINE. SAVING SAVING LIVES. LIVES.

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Some experimenters are causing cancer, diabetes, and other diseases in animals.

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They misguidedly hope that cruel experiments on animals will cure diseases in people… CHANGING MEDICINE. MEDICINE. SAVING SAVING LIVES. LIVES. CHANGING

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Costly Chimpanzee Experiments After years of work by the Physicians Committee, the National Institutes of Health announced in November 2015 that it is ending all federally supported chimpanzee experimentation. It’s a major milestone in the Physicians Committee’s mission to promote ethical and scientifically sound research. Milestones 2009: The Physicians Committee lobbies Congress to pass the Great Ape Protection Act. 2010: Spring/Summer: More than 150 U.S. representatives support GAPA. Physicians Committee experts facilitate the introduction of a companion Senate bill.

September: The Physicians Committee files a complaint urging the Department of Health and Human Services to halt plans to send chimpanzees retired at the Alamogordo Primate Facility in New Mexico into active experiments at the Texas Biomedical Research Institute.

2011: January: NIH confirms that no more Alamogordo chimpanzees will be moved. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) conducts an in-depth review of the use of chimpanzee experimentation. The Physicians Committee works behind the scenes to remove IOM committee members with conflicts of interest.

March: The Physicians Committee files a complaint stating that NIH acted unlawfully when in summer 2010 it transferred 14 Alamogordo chimpanzees, including Katrina, to Texas for use in experiments.

August: Physicians Committee director of academic affairs John Pippin, M.D., testifies before the IOM committee about the medical and ethical reasons for ending chimpanzee experimentation.

The Physicians Committee files a petition with the federal government stating that Texas Biomed is in violation of the Animal Welfare Act by using 14 chimpanzees in experiments.

In 2002, Katrina was retired after years of experiments that infected her with hepatitis B and C and HIV. But in 2010 she was sent back to a laboratory. In 2015, the National Institutes of Health ended experimentation on Katrina and all chimpanzees.

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December: The IOM releases its landmark report finding that chimpanzees are not needed to develop an HIV vaccine, hepatitis C antiviral drugs, or treatments for a wide range of other human illnesses. Hours later, NIH suspends all new grants for chimpanzee experiments and confirms that no more Alamogordo chimpanzees will be transferred to Texas.

2012: Following a Physicians Committee public appeal, NIH says it will retire all of its chimpanzees used in experiments at New Iberia Research Center to the Chimp Haven federal sanctuary. 2013: The Physicians Committee praises NIH’s decision to accept recommendations in a Council of Councils Working Group report that recommends immediately phasing out federally funded chimpanzee experiments. But Physicians Committee doctors oppose NIH’s decision to hold 50 chimpanzees for future experiments. 2015: NIH announces that it will end all federally supported chimpanzee experimentation. Chimp Haven federal sanctuary

“As a physician who formerly conducted research on animals, I know that it’s a decision that benefits the lives of chimpanzees like Camillo as much as it benefits yours and mine.”

Camillo

—Physicians Committee director of academic affairs John Pippin, M.D., in his op-ed “Chimps Rescued from Pointless Experiments,” Dec. 2, 2015 CHANGING MEDICINE. SAVING LIVES.

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ichigan Physicians Letter from 231 M ity Board of Governors Univers to the Wayne State Invasive Dog Experiments Urging an End to

Harmful Heart Failure Research In 2015, the Physicians Committee continued

of dogs in heart nce to halt the use authority and influe that the university of Governors use its the board to insist e State University Board 2016, now is an opportune time for to ask that the Wayn 31, g March writin on am s I cian, s expire As a Michigan physi for these experiment Those dogs in his or her body. s. As the federal grant failure experiment killed. al devices implanted research. iments all dogs are have up to 12 medic on human-relevant four surgeries and At the end of the exper focus its resources undergo as many as ventricular pacing. ntion and treatment e is induced by rapid iments, each dog may preve failur exper ive ng heart effect in ongoi while ills to invest During the without producing funded institutions are then run on treadm years ries 20 statesurge than their the e more need who surviv igan, who badly that allocated e experiments for the people of Mich canine heart failur than $6.5 million of l grant money for you are beholden to iments, with more on these dog exper As elected officials, has been using federa million has been spent ch. Yet Wayne State programs and resear time, more than $8.1 human health. In that 2016. anything to advance March grant expiring in igan residents. to the heart failure ve the health of Mich s in order to help impro Edward Sladek, M.D. to these experiment Please put an end Arturo Prada, M.D. Lansing Very truly yours, Andrea Abessinio, St. Clair Shores

D.O.

, M.D.

Anthony Alcantara Clinton Township

Ronald D’Angostino, L’Anse

Thomas Anan, M.D. Novi

Karen Denbesten, Petoskey

Anita Asadorian, D.O. Caledonia

Christina Desousa, Dearborn

William Bernard, Flint

David Hammond, Grand Rapids

John Ebrom, M.D. Grand Rapids

Nada Beydoun, D.O. Dearborn Heights

Craig Elliott, M.D. Muskegon

John Beyer, D.O. Holland

M.D. Enrique Enriquez, Allen Park

Jacob Blazo, D.O. Saint Joseph

Juan Estigarribia, M.D. Dearborn

David Boger, D.O. Chelsea Rudy Bogoian III, Big Rapids

M.D.

Harry Borovik, M.D. Traverse City David Brownstein, West Bloomfied

M.D.

Gina Buccalo, M.D. Utica Mitchell Carey, M.D. East Jordan Kelly Clark, M.D. Traverse City Ivan Co, M.D. Ypsilanti Lauri Conroy, M.D. Macomb Robin Cook, M.D. Marquette Jayne Courts, M.D. Caledonia

Patricia Ferguson, Bingham Farms

Christyne Lawson, Bingham Farms

M.D.

Richard Ferro, D.O. Okemos Richard Fici, D.O. East Detroit Debbie Filek, M.D. Bay City C Peter Fischer, M.D. Ypsilanti Michael Fox, D.O. Livonia Balvant Ganatra, M.D. Flint Carmen Garcia, M.D. Kalamazoo Elias Gennaoui, M.D. Allen Park Pinhas Geva, M.D. Lansing

M.D.

Douglas Leppink, Grand Rapids

Paul Heidel, M.D. Holland

Darren Herzog, M.D. Royal Oak Matthew Hettle, M.D. Clarkston Leon Hochman, M.D. Bingham Farms

M.D. M.D.

Robert Levy, M.D. Dearborn Edward Linkner, M.D. Ann Arbor Thomas Longley, M.D. Brighton

, M.D.

Barbara Lucas, M.D. Dearborn

M.D.

Joseph Luna, M.D. Davison

Nicholas Hountras Holland Nelu Ioan Cristof, Sault Ste. Marie

Jeanne Lusher, M.D. Rochester Hills

Todd Irwin, M.D. Ann Arbor Nadheer Issa, M.D. Sterling Heights William Jackson, M.D. Marcellus

Steven Schlabach, Rochester Hills

Shyam Mahesh, M.D. Bloomfield Hills Aye Mar, M.D. Battle Creek

Justin Oldfield, M.D. Ann Arbor

M.D. Mildred Vazquez, Eastpointe Alex Vlahopoulos, Grand Rapids

Leslie Walsh, D.O. Rochester Hills

Robert Schneiderman, Mason

Ping Wang, M.D. Warren D.O.

Marilyn Williams, Brighton , M.D.

Brad Shammout, D.O. Clinton Township

Mark Ottmar, M.D. Saint Joseph i, M.D.

Lakshmi Palakurth Troy

Michael Sherbin, D.O. Bloomfield Township

Joel Pelavin, M.D. St. Clair Shores Jean-Marie Pierre, Belleville Linda Plizga, D.O. Warren

Colleen Sheehan, M.D. Franklin Laila Shehadeh, D.O. Warren

Sarah Pasia, D.O. Port Huron

M.D.

Regina Simone, D.O. Northville Ravinder Singala, Grand Blanc

Madonna who died in the university’s

Rhonda Whelan, D.O. Owosso James Wiaduck, M.D. Norton Shores

Elizabeth Shadigian Ann Arbor

David Osher, M.D. Franklin

State highlighted the fate of a dog named

Steven Walvisch, M.D. Mt. Pleasant

D.O.

Patricia Schmidt, D.O. Bloomfield Township

Mark Schury, D.O. Macomb

Mariano Orca, M.D. Sturgis

At the same time, a billboard near Wayne

D.O.

Marit Vogel, M.D. Petoskey

John Schram, D.O. Spring Lake

Allan Olson, D.O. Marquette

end to the experiments.

Joyce Vaclav, D.O. Grosse Ile

M.D. Evon Schexnaydre, Spring Lake

D.O.

M.D.

John Trupiano, M.D. Birmingham

Geralyn Sarti, M.D. Birmingham

M.D. Thomas Nussdorfer, Traverse City

Howard Leroux, Jr., Muskegon

Michael Hertz, M.D. Ann Arbor

William Trinkaus, St. Clair Shores

Raphael Sapeika, M.D. Bloomfield Township

Billy Nordyke Jr, D.O. Brownstown

Sang Lee, M.D. Warren

Carrie Hecht, M.D. Ada

Kristin Nikolakeas, Grand Blanc

Anh Tran, M.D. Midland

Karen Samples, D.O. Trenton

Alan Neiberg, M.D. Lansing

than 200 Michigan physicians calling for an

Teresita Timban, M.D. Troy

Cheryl Sales, D.O. Grand Rapids

M.D.

Governors and delivered petitions from more

Sharon Tice, M.D. Novi

Lucille Saha, M.D. Flint

Gerald Natzke, D.O. Flint

Mary Lazar, M.D. Royal Oak

Randal Harris, M.D. Detroit

Mubashir Sabir, M.D. Farmington Hills

Vijay Naraparaju, Grand Blanc

Theresa Larsen, M.D. Lake Orion

Daniel Harber, D.O. Dearborn Heights

Michael Engel, M.D. Norton Shores

Smita Bijlani, M.D. Rochester Hills

M.D.

David Nadeau, M.D. Norton Shores

Christie Laming, M.D. Burtchville

Mark Harbeck, M.D. Novi

Stacey Ruff, D.O. Rochester Hills

M.D.

Travis Terrell, M.D. Ceresco

Dawn Rosser, M.D. Hastings

M.D.

Mary Myrick, M.D. Escanaba

Jason Ladwig, M.D. Kalamazoo

M.D.

Rafia Haque, M.D. Allen Park

Marcel Elanjian, D.O. Dearborn

M.D.

M.D.

Craig Kuesel, D.O. Traverse City

Teri Hammer, D.O. Belleville

Ross Driscoll, M.D. Kalamazoo

D.O.

Patricia Kolowich, Detroit

Manharial Tejura, Monroe

Michael Rosen, M.D. Livonia

George Murakawa, Troy Timothy Murphy, Ludington

Henry Szelag, D.O. Weidman

Martin Romero, M.D. Williamston

Nagla Moustafa, M.D. Plymouth

testified before the Wayne State Board of

Mushtaque Syed, M.D. Troy

M.D.

, D.O. Kathleen Rollinger Clinton Township

Joel Moses, M.D. Oak Park

M.D.

Robert Kolodziejczyk, Grand Rapids

Mahmood Hai, M.D. Westland

Tammy Drew, D.O. Kalamazoo

Seth Bernard, D.O. Flint

Karen Koby-Olson, Gaylord

Cornelius Robens, Traverse City

George Moser, M.D. Clarkston

Ann Knapp, M.D. Dorr

Khaled Hafez, M.D. Ann Arbor

Lori Dotson, M.D. South Haven

M.D.

Seth Bernard, D.O. Flint

M.D.

Usha Kilaru, M.D. Bloomfield Township

Ibrahim Syed, M.D. Saline

Naheed Rizvi, M.D. Midland

M.D.

Kemper, D.O., a Wayne State professor,

Andrew Sulich, M.D. St. Clair Shores

Susan Ritter, M.D. Marquette

Glynda Moorer, M.D. East Lansing

Vijay Khanna, M.D. Taylor

Lorette Haddad, M.D. Livonia

Diane Donley, M.D. Traverse City

Wayne Bedell, D.O. Midland

Shabbir Khambati, Milford

Luzette Habib, M.D. Ann Arbor

Ryan Dodde II, M.D. Holland

Lenise Banse, M.D. Clinton Township

Kenneth Minks, Jr, Grand Rapids

Terri Steppe, D.O. Petersburg

Tom Rifai, M.D. Birmingham

Jeffrey Miller, M.D. Kalamazoo

M.D.

Physicians Committee member Sharon

Kim Soden, M.D. Ann Arbor

Denise Rehfuss, M.D. Lincoln Park

M.D.

on hundreds of dogs for the past 25 years.

M.D. Malgorzata Sobilo, Rochester Hills

M.D.

Adriana Raus, M.D. Owosso

Manilal Mewada, M.D. Burton

Rashid Khalil, M.D. Novi

Nestor Guno, M.D. Grayling

Marek Didluch, M.D. Flint

Susan Bannon, M.D. Kalamazoo

Kami Kefalonitis, St. Clair Shores

M.D. Christopher Gunnell, Saint Ignace

M.D.

Rodney McFarland, Bay City

Clara Kamath, M.D. St. Clair Shores

M.D.

Teresa Griffith, M.D. Alpena

D.O. Carla Guggenheim, Lansing

James Denier, M.D. Clinton Township

M.D.

Marie Awad, D.O. Shelby Township

Neesha Griffin-Berry, Southfield

Michael Raphelson, Kalamazoo

D.O.

M.D. Percy McDonald, Port Huron

Jacob Kalo, M.D. Warren

Michael Gruber, M.D. Bay City

Alan Dengiz, M.D. Ann Arbor

Taher Ata, M.D. Clarkston

Roberto Benejam, Dearborn

M.D.

Ryan McConnell, Charlevoix

M.D.

Gary Jones, M.D. Dearborn

Rajinder Grewal, M.D. Rochester Hills

Jr., D.O.

nes, M.D. Olubukola Davies-Jo St. Clair Shores

Nina Anderson, M.D. Sterling Heights

M.D.

David Grekin, M.D. Saint Joseph

Sudha Damidi, M.D. Rochester Hills

Louise Aloe, M.D. Livonia

William Athens, Jr., Brownstown

Michael Goldfarb, Dearborn

George Czertko, M.D. Warren

Benjamin Johnson, Marshall

heart failure experiments it has performed

Frank Smith, M.D. Ypsilanti

Ajay Raman, D.O. Novi

Emily Mathias, M.D. Grosse Pointe

M.D. Mohammad Jafferany, Saginaw

George Goffas, M.D. St. Clair Shores

Richard Cross, M.D. St. Clair Shores

Adelita Alcala, M.D. N. Muskegon

Rochester Hills

Timothy Marsh, D.O. West Branch

Randall Jacobs, M.D. Warren

Mark Goetting, M.D. Portage

John Crayne, M.D. Lambertville

Hisham Ahmed, M.D. Lapeer

Curtis Marder, M.D. Marquette

James Jackson, D.O. Muskegon Heights

Jennifer Glance, D.O. St. Clair

Mark Cowan, M.D. Marquette

to pressure Wayne State University to end the

M.D.

M.D.

Alvin Williams, M.D. Detroit

laboratory.

Alicia Williams, D.O. Kalamazoo Gabriel Williams IV, Grand Rapids

M.D.

, D.O.

William Workman Kalamazoo

Daniel Yakimo, D.O. Northville M.D. Mohammed Zahoor, Farmington Nicole Zaremba, M.D. Dewitt

“I urge you to end these senseless experiments as soon as possible.”

— Lily Tomlin, a Wayne State alumna, in her letter to Wayne State president M. Roy Wilson, M.D.

Madonna was killed after being used in heart failure experiments at Wayne State University.

A study by Physicians Committee doctors provided further evidence debunking heart failure experiments on animals: “Insights gleaned from decades of animal-based research efforts have not been proportional to research success in terms of deciphering human heart failure and developing effective therapeutics for human patients,” wrote Charukeshi Chandrasekera, Ph.D., and John Pippin, M.D., in the American Journal of Translational Research.

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Musicians Moby and Tony Kanal and actor Kristin Bauer wear Physicians Committee’s #EndDogExperiments T-shirts. EndDogExperiments.org

Road

to Heart

Disease

Eating at least 2.5 cups of fruits and vegetables per day can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Birth Toddlers 23% of 2- to 5-year-olds are overweight or obese.

6 in 10 children eat too much saturated fat.

Babies born to overweight mothers have thickened aortas.

7 in 10

packaged toddler meals have excess sodium.

Elementary School 9 in 10 kids eat excess sodium.

Signs of atherosclerosis and hypertension can appear at age 5.

1 in 3 kids is overweight or obese.

Teenagers High-potassium diets help teens lower blood pressure.

1 in 5 teens has high cholesterol.

Pizza is the second leading source of calories in teens’ diets.

By ages 17-21, half a million Am ericans are eligible for sta tins.

Only 2 in 10 kids eat 5 daily servings of fruits and vegetables.

Plant-based diets lower the risk of heart disease in obese children.

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the Un ited States.

The causes and effects of heart disease are already well understood. This 2015 Physicians Committee infographic traces the development of heart disease in early life. CHANGING CHANGING MEDICINE. MEDICINE. SAVING SAVING LIVES. LIVES.

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Their experiments take attention away from the real causes of illness… “With the exception of genetic factors and smoking, diet and exercise are the biggest determinants of risk for cardiovascular disease, hypertension and cancer. Yet, people still turn to medication and surgery as the first choice for treatment. I support PCRM because it has been a leader in reversing this trend by making vegan diets mainstream and educating people about the health risks associated with eating animal products.” —Gary K. Michelson, M.D., president of the Michelson Medical Research Foundation

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#CholesterolKills billboards urged the House Agriculture Committee to keep the Dietary Guidelines free of industry influence.

Killer Cholesterol When the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee announced in February 2015 that “cholesterol is not a nutrient of concern for overconsumption,” the Physicians Committee said, “no so fast,” and began working to keep cholesterol warnings in the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Decades of science have conclusively linked dietary cholesterol to cardiovascular disease, which kills nearly 2,200 Americans daily. In March, Physicians Committee president Neal Barnard, M.D., presented oral testimony at the National Institutes of Health, stating that “for all its good work, the Committee made a scientific error on cholesterol and to carry this glaring mistake into the Guidelines is not scientifically defensible.” Following the nearly year-long campaign including petitions, oral testimony, billboards, and threat of legal action by the Physicians Committee, the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans released in early January 2016 retained—and strengthened—recommendations for Americans to limit cholesterol consumption—a major rebuff for the purveyors of high-cholesterol food products. A Physicians Committee lawsuit is still demanding an investigation into food industry financial pressures that nearly toppled cholesterol warnings. CholesterolKills.org

“The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, which advocates a vegan diet, announced that they were filing a lawsuit against the government over its decision to drop the 300-milligram cholesterol limit from the guidelines. The group said that members of the dietary guidelines advisory committee had close ties to the egg industry and that they had relied too heavily on industry-funded studies.” —New Dietary Guidelines Urge Less Sugar for All and Less Protein for Boys and Men, Jan. 7, 2016. CHANGING MEDICINE. SAVING LIVES.

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The Western Diet China and India—countries with traditional plant-based diets—have been inundated with burgers, pizza, and fried chicken. The result: obesity, heart disease, and diabetes epidemics. In 2015, Physicians Committee experts toured both countries to promote plant-based disease prevention. Chengdu #37 Middle School

Kickstart China program specialist Jia Xu, Ph.D., visited 28 cities in China, where he spoke to nearly 9,000 people and handed out Vegetarian Starter Kits in Mandarin at hospitals, hotels, yoga studios, festivals, corporations, restaurants, and schools.

Mandarin Vegetarian Starter Kit

Zeeshan Ali, Ph.D.

Zeeshan Ali, Ph.D., Kickstart India program specialist, went to India where he gave presentations in Bhopal, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, and Bangalore. At his presentations, he distributed literature in Hindi on health concerns about dairy products, diet Building a Healthy India booklet, tour poster, and Ingredient Substitution Chart in Hindi 12 2015 ANNUAL REPORT

and diabetes, and the protein myth. PCRM.org/India and PCRM.org/China PHYSICIANS COMMITTEE FOR RESPONSIBLE MEDICINE


Hazardous Hospital Foods Five hospitals featured in the Physicians Committee’s 2015 report “Hazardous Hospital Foods: How Fast Food Jeopardizes Public Health” ended contracts with McDonald’s. Another will terminate its contract this spring. The Cleveland Clinic, Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, Driscoll Children’s Hospital in Texas, and Memorial Regional Hospital in Hollywood, Fla., all ended contracts with the fast-food chain. Abbott Northwestern Hospital in Minneapolis, Minn., will end its lease this May. PCRM.org/Hospital

“Seeing this in a children’s hospital—that’s the most vulnerable population. Fast food is not going to help children get better.” —Physicians Committee dietitian Cameron Wells, M.P.H., R.D., in “Do Your State’s Hospitals Serve Big Macs?” April 6, 2015

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The Physicians Committee is moving research away from animal “models” to a new focus on human biology, nutrition, and health… 14 2015 ANNUAL REPORT

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Transforming Nutrition Research Many common health problems have their roots in diets based on meat and dairy products. There is an urgent need to shift diets away from animal products and toward plant-based choices. Research studies are a powerful tool. In 2015, the Physicians Committee began working on a series of research studies that will be promoted to the press and to policymakers, leading to the transformation of national nutrition policies and a major shift in the public’s eating habits in favor of plant-based diets.

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Publishing Plant-Based Studies Physicians Committee clinical research published in leading medical journals in 2015 showed the wide-ranging health benefits of a plant-based diet. A meta-analysis published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics found that a vegetarian diet causes weight loss—even in the absence of exercise or calorie counting. Research published in the American Journal of Health Promotion found that a low-fat, vegan dietary intervention in the workplace improves productivity and alleviates symptoms of anxiety and depression. A low-fat vegan diet may also reduce pain associated with diabetic neuropathy, according to a study published in Nutrition & Diabetes.

Ellen DeGeneres thought the weight-loss study was so important she shared it with her 50 million Twitter followers. That same week, she celebrated her birthday by encouraging her fans to support the Physicians Committee. A few days later, Drew Brees appeared on Ellen’s program with a $50,000 gift from the Brees Dream Foundation to the Physicians Committee

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Accelerating Alcohol and Antibodies Research Alcohol Physicians Committee experts continued to promote human-based alcohol disorder research last year. “Rather than continuing to funnel limited research funding into animal-related studies with limited translational capacity, NIAAA (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism) and other funding bodies should invest in research aimed

Charukeshi Chandrasekera, Ph.D., Physicians Committee director of laboratory science

at discovering methods for educating women about the effects of fetal alcohol exposure, developing new diagnostic and treatment paradigms, enhancing family support networks, and developing methods for widespread implementation of these measures,� wrote a Physicians Committee expert in a commentary published in the Journal Alcohol and Alcoholism. The American Public Health Association passed a resolution urging the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism to allocate more funding for humanbased studies. Antibodies Antibody production is a massive industry, since antibodies serve as fundamental tools in biomedical research. The vast majority of research antibodies are produced by live animals using procedures that are extremely painful and ultimately lethal. Physicians Committee scientists are working to prove that antibodies made without harming animals are as good as or better than those made in animals. Our goal is to demonstrate the viability of fully in vitro antibodies, promote their acceptance by researchers, and force a change in the funding requirements of the National Institutes of Health. CHANGING MEDICINE. MEDICINE. SAVING SAVING LIVES. LIVES. CHANGING

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Our work is changing

Physicians Committee president Neal D. Barnard, M.D., and Kim Williams, M.D., at the International Conference on Nutrition in Medicine: Cardiovascular Disease 18 2015 ANNUAL REPORT

“It’s not just about medication. What we are really talking about it trying to change the way that people eat.” —Kim Williams, M.D., president of the American College of Cardiology

PHYSICIANS COMMITTEE FOR RESPONSIBLE MEDICINE


medical practice.

Healing Hearts Nearly 500 health care professionals learned how to help their patients prevent and reverse heart disease with a plant-based diet at the Physicians Committee’s International Conference on Nutrition in Medicine: Cardiovascular Disease on July 31 and Aug. 1. The conference, which was accredited by the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, featured an international panel of 21 cardiovascular disease researchers including Kim Williams, M.D., president of the American College of Cardiology, who began following a vegan diet in 2003 to improve his own heart health. Each attendee received new Dietary Guidelines for Atherosclerosis Treatment and Prevention, developed by the Physicians Committee, giving them a tool to help their patients combat the early signs and advanced stages of cardiovascular disease, the Baxter Montgomery, M.D., and Theresa Stone, M.D., at Physicians Committee Leadership Summit CHANGING MEDICINE. SAVING LIVES.

leading cause of death worldwide. PCRM.org/Conference 2015 ANNUAL REPORT 19


We are working on Capitol Hill.

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Physicians Committee member Janell Lundgren, M.D., Sen. Tom Udall (D-N.M.), Physicians Committee president Neal Barnard, M.D., and regulatory testing policy specialist Aryenish Birdie

Sen. Udall addresses attendees about the importance of the Lautenberg Act’s passage

Sen. Cory Booker (D-N.J.), a Lautenberg Act co-sponsor, and Dr. Barnard

Championing New Chemical Testing Methods Since 2005, the Physicians Committee has worked with the federal government and industry to include reforms that would reduce animal testing in the 40-year-old Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976. In 2015, the Senate passed the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act, a bill introduced by Sen. Tom Udall (D-N.M.). The bill contains language requiring chemical companies and the Environmental Protection Agency to replace and reduce animal tests and increase the use of human-relevant methods. CHANGING MEDICINE. SAVING LIVES.

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Purging Processed Meats

From Congress to schools to ballparks, the Physicians Committee continued to warn the country about cancer-causing hot dogs, bacon, and other processed meats. In April, a billboard warned fans of the IronPigs—an Allentown, Pa., minor league baseball team with processed-meat mascots including Chris P. Bacon—about bacon’s risks. The viral campaign was covered by more than two dozen news outlets, including The Philadelphia Inquirer, MSN, and Sports Illustrated.

“If there is one thing that is certain in science, it’s that hot dogs are bad for you.” —Physicians Committee president Neal Barnard, M.D., in “On the Hill, Annual Hot Dog Day Faces Another Challenger,” July 22, 2015 22 2015 ANNUAL REPORT

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To counter the North American Meat Institute’s annual July hot dog lunch for members of Congress, the Physicians Committee hosted the Congressional Veggie Burger Smackdown. Members of Congress, staffers, and the media voted for their favorite veggie burger inspired by four vegetarian members of Congress: Arizona Rep. Kyrsten Sinema, Florida Rep. Ted Deutch, Hawaii Rep. Tulsi Gabbard, and New Jersey Sen. Cory Booker. The New Jersey Burger, topped with a Slow-Cooked Tomato Chutney, prevailed with 36 percent of the vote. When a World Health Organization report declared in October that processed meats are “carcinogenic to humans,” the Physicians Committee filed a legal petition urging the U.S. Department of Agriculture to stop distributing carcinogenic hot dogs and other processed meats to children through the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program.

“As you enjoy these veggie burgers, think about how much better this meal is going to be for you as compared to the kinds of things that are too much a part of the American diet in large part because of decisions, unfortunately, made [in Congress].” Rep. Ted Deutch votes for the Florida-inspired veggie burger.

A packed room enjoys all four burgers, but has to pick a favorite.

CHANGING MEDICINE. SAVING LIVES.

—Florida Rep. Ted Deutch at the Congressional Veggie Burger Smackdown DropTheDog.org

Neal Barnard, M.D., Ellen Kassoff Gray, Rep. Kyrsten Sinema, chef Todd Gray, Rep. Tulsi Gabbard, and Rep. Steve Cohen

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We are giving millions of people …

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‌ new tools

Schooling Scientists Physicians Committee scientists strengthened relationships with industry and government scientists from across the globe in 2015, furthering acceptance of nonanimal chemical test methods. Representatives from the Dow Chemical Company and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency were among the 60 experts who participated in a workshop at the National Institutes of Health co-organized by the Physicians Committee to discuss in vitro alternatives to LD50 tests—which expose animals to chemicals through the skin, by mouth, or by inhalation. Species differences often make results irrelevant to humans. The Physicians Committee has already persuaded the UK to lead an ongoing project at the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, which sets chemical testing guidelines worldwide, to remove the LD50 skin test. TailOfToxics.org CHANGING MEDICINE. SAVING LIVES.

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Modernizing Medical Education

“Speaking for myself and for all medical students who have expressed to me the same unsettling feelings, I would urge Johns Hopkins leadership to close the book Dr. Bruno, second from right on its live animal lab.” —Richard Bruno, M.D., M.P.H., who works at Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health On Jan. 1, 2015, the U.S. Department of Defense transitioned from live animal use to simulators in several medical training programs, a decision the Physicians Committee spent years championing. Building on that success, a Physicians Committee simulator demonstration for members of Congress supported passage of the Battlefield Excellence through Superior Training (BEST) Practices Act, which would eliminate the U.S. military’s use of all animals, including more than 8,500 goats and pigs, to teach military medics.

Simulator demonstration for Congress: Laerdal’s SimMan 26 2015 ANNUAL REPORT

Strategic Operation’s Cut Suit PHYSICIANS COMMITTEE FOR RESPONSIBLE MEDICINE


Gaumard’s Hal S3201

The Physicians Committee also successfully persuaded the University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Hartford Hospital in Connecticut, the University of Texas Medical Branch, Rush Medical College, and the University of Utah to stop using animals in 2015. This year, the Physicians Committee will continue to work with Dr. Bruno and other physicians who want to end the use of animals in medical training programs, including the last two U.S. medical schools—Johns Hopkins University and the University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Medicine in Chattanooga.

CHANGING MEDICINE. SAVING LIVES.

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… new hope Alleviating Alzheimer’s Disease A commentary in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease by Physicians Committee scientists called for research efforts to shift from animal experiments to human-based methods, such as human cells, computational models, and clinical studies. “Animal models of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) have been extensively utilized for decades… However, research success has not effectively translated into therapeutic success for human patients,” wrote Francesca Pistollato, Ph.D. “Our analysis indicates that a paradigm shift toward human-based, rather than animal-based research is required in the face of the everincreasing prevalence of AD in the 21st century.” Plant-based diets also play a crucial role in fighting Alzheimer’s. In a public service announcement, actor Alec Baldwin, a longtime Physicians Committee supporter, told viewers, “Vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and beans can help keep your brain strong and memory sharp. Let’s eat right to fight Alzheimer’s.”

Alec Baldwin

PCRM.org/Alzheimers

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Physicians Committee’s Caroline Trapp (second from right) at the Navajo Nation Research Conference

Fighting Diabetes The Physicians Committee’s director of diabetes education and care Caroline Trapp, D.N.P., A.N.P.-BC, C.D.E., F.A.A.N.P., continued to work with the Navajo Nation to help its citizens fight diabetes with a plant-based diet. At the Navajo Nation Research Conference, Dr. Trapp joined nutritionists who presented the Diné (Navajo) Power Plate, based on the Physicians Committee’s Power Plate, and featuring images of fruits, vegetables, grains, and beans common in the Navajo Nation. The Navajo Nation’s leaders also proclaimed: “Now, therefore, be it resolved, the month of November 2015 is hereby proclaimed as Navajo Nation Diabetes Awareness and Prevention Month…to encourage all citizens of the Navajo Nation to commit to…eating more plant-based meals such as vegetables and fruits...” Dr. Trapp is now expanding her work to promote better health in Native American communities. Educators from the Navajo Nation, seven pueblos in New Mexico, and the Gallup Indian Medical Center have also participated in an introductory workshop and a series of six conference calls to gain a basic understanding of the science of plant-based nutrition for diabetes prevention. ThePowerPlate.org  

CHANGING CHANGING MEDICINE. MEDICINE. SAVING SAVING LIVES. LIVES.

… new lives 2015 ANNUAL REPORT 29


Students at Walker Jones Education Campus participated in a plantbased lunch pilot program.

Powered-Up Pasta with Chickpeas

“A handful of American food and agriculture companies are receiving hundreds of millions of dollars by selling processed meats that are ending up in school lunchrooms and contributing to the childhood obesity epidemic.” —The Guardian covers the Physicians Committee’s school lunch report in “Watchdog Group Calls for Less Processed Meats in School Cafeterias,” Aug. 31, 2015

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… new futures Improving School Lunches Physicians Committee nutrition experts partnered with D.C. Central Kitchen for a plantbased lunch pilot program with more than 400 students at Walker Jones Education Campus in Washington, D.C. With the school’s support, they tracked how students responded to having vegan options added to the cafeteria’s daily menu. The offerings—including Powered-Up Pasta, VegOut Chili, Southwest Energy Burgers, and Barbecue Tofu Bites—were a hit with students. For many students, this was the first time they tried foods rich in vitamins, minerals, complex carbohydrates, and heart-healthy plant protein. D.C. Central Kitchen (DCCK) at Walker Jones also won the grand prize in the Physicians Committee’s 2015 Golden Carrot Award for improving school lunches. The other winners were the Village School in Eugene, Ore., Atlanta Public Schools, Odyssey Charter Schools in Orlando, Fla., and the Santa Barbara Unified School District in California. GoldenCarrotAward.org

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CHANGING MEDICINE. SAVING LIVES.

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Leadership Board of Directors Neal D. Barnard, M.D., President Russell Bunai, M.D., Treasurer and Secretary Mindy Kursban, Esq., Chairperson Mark Sklar, M.D., Director Barbara Wasserman, M.D., Director

Scientific Advisory Board Ron R. Allison, M.D., 21st Century Oncology Ted Barnett, M.D., Rochester Lifestyle Medicine, PLLC; Borg & Ide Imaging, P.C. T. Colin Campbell, Ph.D., Cornell University Neil Cooper, M.D., M.H.A., M.Sc., Kaiser Permanente Brenda Davis, R.D. Garth Davis, M.D., The Davis Clinic Caldwell Esselstyn, Jr., M.D., The Cleveland Clinic Wellness Institute Joanne Evans, A.P.R.N., Healthy Nurses…Healthy Communities, LLC Joel Fuhrman, M.D., Nutritional Research Foundation Roberta Gray, M.D., Pediatric Nephrology Consultant Daran Haber, M.D., Riverview Medical Center Henry Heimlich, M.D., The Heimlich Institute David J.A. Jenkins, M.D., Ph.D., D.Sc., St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto Lawrence H. Kushi, Sc.D., Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente John McDougall, M.D., Dr. McDougall’s Health & Medical Center Jeffrey I. Mechanick, M.D., Mount Sinai Hospital Baxter Montgomery, M.D., Montgomery Heart and Wellness Carl Myers, M.D., Switch Healthcare Ana Negrón, M.D. Robert Ostfeld, M.D., M.Sc., F.A.C.C., Montefiore Medical Center Affiliations are listed for identification only. 32 2015 ANNUAL REPORT

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2015 Consolidated Fiscal Year Report Expenses Program Services 72.49% Research Advocacy, Clinical Research, Nutrition Education, Legal Advocacy, Publications, Education and Policy, Communications Operations 9.48% Membership Development/Fundraising

18.03% Program Services Research Advocacy................... .$ 3,325,881 Clinical Research....................... .$ 144,420 Nutrition Education.................. .$ 1,874,666 Legal Advocacy......................... .$ 229,355 Publications............................... .$ 641,798 Education and Policy................. .$ 560,658 Communications....................... .$ 963,624 Total Program Services...................................$ 7,740,402 Operations .......................................................$ 1,012,165 Membership Development/Fundraising.......$ 1,925,097 Total Expenses.................................................$ 10,677,664

Support and Revenue Contributions and Donations 67.61% Legacies and Bequests 24.63% Grants 3.07% Other Revenue 4.69% Investment Income, Merchandise Sales, Services, Rental and Other Income

Contributions and Donations.........................$ 8,565,383 Legacies and Bequests....................................$ 3,120,314 Grants...............................................................$

389,380

Other Revenue.................................................$

593,673

Total Support and Revenue............................$ 12,668,750 Net Assets, End of Year: $ 15,976,835

CHANGING MEDICINE. SAVING LIVES.

2015 ANNUAL REPORT 33


To support the Physicians Committee’s lifesaving work, visit PhysiciansCommittee.org/Donate or call us at 202-527-7304.

5100 Wisconsin Ave., NW, Suite 400 • Washington, DC 20016 PhysiciansCommittee.org • 202-686-2210

15296-DEV • 20160303

2015 Physicians Committee Annual Report  

The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine is a nonprofit health organization dedicated to saving and improving lives through good nu...

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