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THE BOOK OF

THE

H

DEi

PAPYRUS OF ^^?r*-

r^^i

^,

tf-':v>:?:'.?:Nit'''-'r-

^..

A.WALLIS BUDGE


\

THE LIBRARY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LOS ANGELES FROM THE LIBRARY OF

JIM

TULLY

GIFT OF MRS. JIM TULLY


HE PAPYRUS OF ANI A REPRODUCTION IN FACSIMILE EDITED, WITH HIEROGLYPHIC TRANSCRIPT, TRANSLATION, AND INTRODUCTION, BY E. A. WALLIS BUDGE M.A., LITT.D., KEEPER OF THE EGYPTIAN AND ASSYRIAN ANTIQUITIES IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM. PUBLISHED BY PERMISSION OF THE TRUSTEES OF THE BRITISH MUSEUM

IN

THREE VOLUMES

VOLUME THREE

THE PAPYRUS OF ANI REPRODUCED

NEW YORK:

IN

37

G.

P.

COLOURED PLATES

PUTNAM'S SONS

LONDON: PHILIP LEE WARNER


Art

Ubrary

>Kp J

THE PAPYRUS OF ANI REPRODUCTION IN COLOURED PLATES

A3 V.3

VOL.

2

I.

^r

838T,>1

A

2

3;


^-

25

24


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

t

ANI

—

I Vignette Ani, "Scribe of the Sacred Revenues of all the gods of Thebes" and administrator of " the Granaries of the Lords of AbydQS," and his wife Tutu before :

a table of offerings of meat, cakes, fruit, flowers, etc 7'i

v/:

Hymn in honour R a at his

of the sun-goii

r


m

THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

ANI

?,—l'i!;iicllc: Aiiove,

twelve ijods sealed in order, as judges, before a table of offerings. Below, the Psychostasia, or Weighing of the Conscience the jackalheaded Anubis trying in the Balance the heart (conscience) of thedecc.ised against the feather symbolical of :

Law; on the left, Ani his wife in an attitude of devotion on the right, the ibis-headed Thoth, the scribe of the gods, noting down the and

;

result

the

of

trial,

and

behind him the monster Amemit. the Devourer.

On

the

left

of the bal-

ance.Shai (Destiny) with the two goddesses Kenenit and Meschcnit behind him above them, i

the

soul

of

Ani,

as

a

human-headed hawk.and the symbol of the cradle. Text On the left, the address of Ani to his heart on the right, the sentence of acquittal. :

;

r


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

c

ANI

4.

—

V'igtiette:

sentation

The

Ani,

of

pretri-

umphant, to Osiris. The god enthroned within a shrine; behind him, Isis and Nephthys in front, a lotus-flower, on which ;

are the four children of Horus, genii of the dead. On the left, Horus leads

forward Ani; who again kneels, with whitened and presents offer-

hair,

ings.

Text The address of Horus toOsiris.announc:

ing the righteousness of Ani and the prayer of Ani. :

i^


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF ANI

i—Vigttctle:

Fu-

neral processtun

a

the boat-

sliaped Iiearse,

drawn

mummy

on

by

:

oxen beside it kneels the mourning wife in front, a priest ;

;

behind folmourners, and

officiates

low

;

servants drawing a funereal shrine and bearingarticles for ihe

ihedeceased'swriting pallet.

Text the

:

Book

Chapter i of of the Dead.

C


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

ANI

PH

(^.— Vignette:

Fu-

neral procession continued ininistrants carrying sepulchr.tl :

band

n

of

On

fen the

tomb, in front of which Anubis supports the mummv.llie mourning wife kneeling before it Facing the mummy, two priests olfiright,

ciate

of

the

before

offerings

table bt-hlnd

a. ;

them, a priest reads the

funeral

service

from a papyrus, and a shaven priest brings forward an offering: the calf and

cowabove

symbolize the rising

Sum and Heaven. Text: Chapter 22, and rubric of t he 72iid chapter of the Fiook of the D<:;icl.

-C


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

ANI

Ani playirK at draughts, tcigcllicr with his wife, within a hall. (4) Their two souls standing above the tomb in front of ;

them, an allar with a libation - vase and lotus-fl,.wers,

Sun disk

The

(c)

in the solar

nmunt, with

the ca-

nopy of heaven above; side

eithe

Ua,

llu

The He

(d)

identified with Osi

him,

lore

(r)

The

withlsisandNephthys the form of twin I'irds; beneath the in

the

writing pallet,

Coflhep

I

the of

n^sand

and entering

iug: forth

ete.)

eti

Chapte

Texl:

lelh.

the

Hook

the IJe^id

jC


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

ANI

8, yigttfUes {a) A seated male figure, wilh Ihe emblem o( milliuns of years" :

and

liand

in his right

un his head hit left h,fnd extended above :

ihtKycofHorus. A male

(A)

liijure st.ind-

ftith'arms

hed l:ikfsof "

out-

above

the

Maaat" and

Hesmen"

(natron),

A

pylon, or gale with folding doors: he Uoor of the Passages." funeral (.)

1

(,/)

The Fye

file great

/

)

Horus (<•)

cow" Meh-

the l-ye of Ka." funereal chest,

.irit, (

of

a pedestal

upon

A

ndedbvthrfour of' Horus, with Ra rising Ironi It holding the Sign ol

children

life in

each hand

Trxl: Chapter (rtinlinued)

book

of the

ol

17

the

Dead.

C


"V"^*.^

iiteLih^i^ «*ifflf{'c

R>-;-iqFi

:•


THE PAPYRUS OF

THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

^ยง

jinn^^jf

M

ANI

^

^m^

1

-

y,i'>,c-/f,:.

Maaf.alf.KI


:_

yiSi^f* ^ySOBtti

t-


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

ANI

10— »'.^»f««:(a) A

cat in front of a persea tree cutting off tfie head of a serpent, symbolizing the rising

sun-god Ra slaying the dragon of Darkness the gods Hu. Sau. and their father ;

Tmu

looking on.

{/t)

Ani and his wife adoring the scarab-headed god Khepera, of the morning, who isseated the

in

Solar

Bark

on the heaven an altar and lotus - flower before him; twocynocephali, spirits of dawn, with their :the floating

with

hands in adoration, the eye of the returning sun before them.

The god Tmu,

(<)

closer

of

the

the day,

s-ated.withintheSundisk, in the Solar Hark, facing an altar with lotus-flower,

A

(rf)

couchant lion on a

embower-

pedestal,

ed

lotus-flowers,

in

ong

which '

is a Uatchit the

symbolizing Dawn', and the

Fiery," the

Flame

of

Tfx^

:

tire.

Chapter

(continued)

Hook

")

of the

of

17

the

Dead.

r


C

THE BOOK OF THE DEAD CHAP

THIRD ARIT

CXLVri,

FOURTH ARIT

1,

1

and

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; I't^Hcttts.

his wife

Alii

approach-

the seven gares called Arit and {b) the ten Pylons of Osiris (extending into Plate 12). Kach of

ing

the

(tf)

Arit

gates

is

guardrd by a Doorkeeper, a Watcher, and a Herald; and each of the Pylons by a Doorkeeper. Text Chapters 146 :

and 147 of

the

Hook

of the

Dead names

the

being

;

of

the

guardians of the Arit gates and pylons, and the addresses made by AnI to those gods.

CHAP. CXLVI.

-IRST

PYLON

SECOND PYLON

THIRD PYLON

FOURTH PYLON

-IFTH

PYLON

SIXTH PYLON

c


c

12— K/^n<.«f.t(j) Continuation of the ngiie (/.)

1

Plat

Ani wearing Sanand his wife, I

dais)

twice represented, preceded by a priest robed in the panther5l<in and advancing towards two pylons

(see Plate 13).

Text. Chapters 146 147 (continued)

and

the

Book

of the invocathe priests and of Ani, forming an introduction lo Chapter iS of the liook of the Dead, of

Dead;

tions

and

of

contains Litany of 'I'hoth.

which

EIGHTH PYLON

~>^H

TENTH PYLON

INTRODUCTION TO CHAP.

the


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

c

ANI

^m

Iwo pylons whereby approached the

are

uhkh preside over certain locahties, twenty-three o( whom gods

are here depicted. Ti-x/: o(

the

Chapter

Uook

of

r8

the

Dea.l.

^

o


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

c

ANI

J4

-K'.S"/.-//,-!:

Xiiicletfii oi

Ihe gods

"if Localities (conlimicdfrora Pl:itc 13).

Text. Cliaplcr iS (continurd) of ilm

Book

:>

01 Ihc- l)i-,.d.

c


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

ANI

'5

A

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;''V'"'"":!")

priest raising shove the head of Ani the his tlie

mouth, to illustrate chapter "of open-

ing the tnouth"

Ani making an

{i\

ofVer-

the headed Anubis. to lustrate

il-

chapter

the

'of giving his heart to the deceased." (c-r) Ani carrying his soul, to illustrate "that the soulofthepers'jnmav takei

froir

the chapter "of giving

with a

staff.

Text 24, 26,

Chapters 23. 308,61,54,29, :

and 27, of the Book of the Dead opening :

uth, >rds

of

bringing

pow

curing the heart, and giving air to the deceased, in the netherworld.

CHAP. XXIV

1

CHAP. XXX

E

CHAP

XXVtl

c


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

CHAP.

XXVII

THE PAPYRUS OF ANI


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

ANI

c

17— '^'""•jM"! Ani adoring a

triad of

(«)Aiii,«ithhis wriling pallet in his Koils.

hand, addressing a god, who with turned head is seated in a Ifft

boat.

The

(<)

Ani

of

visiting

\il'>ed

the

"ofr

his

haptei

nitingthe

dead

the

to

soul

bodv

body.'"

The soul standing before a door-way, to illustrate the chapter "that the soul of a person may not (rf)

npri!

Texi

:

Chapters 93,

43i ^9' 91. "i<l 9'> of the book of the Dead.

CHAP. LXXXIX

J

c


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

G

ANI

lS-^yc,.,/^.,:(,,) Am enlrnng a doorway, on the other side o( which is liis Shade

accompanied

bv

his

Sold, to illuslrati- the

chapter "of opening the lomh to the soui and shade," \i) .\n\ offering before the model of the Divine Bark of Osiris-Sekcr.

Ani

{c)

entering

Amenta (the netherworld) represented by a hawk and a feather upon a stand upheld by the solar mount, to illustrate the cliapter "of approaching Amenta by day " (</)

Ani. before an altar ilh vase and lotus<1oÂť ring the god Osiri 1 form of lilh

thetriple

1,

,_Âťosed

which

of

the

Upper and Lower

of

Fgypl, flanked by the two feathers.ordouble Law to illustrate the chapter "of coming ;

by day after enAnimehet Ani standing by

forth

tering the (f)

a doorway, to illustrate the chapter " of

person

the

going

round

see to his house." (/) Ani slaving a serpent. re.rl :

Chapters 92

(continued), 74. 9,

t.,2.

10,

15 of the

Dead.

CHAP.

1

tJCXiV

CHAP.

VIII

CHAP. CXXXII

CHAP. X

[XLVIII]

[48],

Hook

8,

2.

and

of the

.


fitJfc'itt c -_-'---..«:J^i3aiB(«-

2

3

4

CHAP. XV CONTINUED.

5


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

ANI

.'^k'^K^^Sti*-!

2o.— rignette:0 wilh the scept

ris.

and hook

flail,

Isis,

of

the

Dead,

Hymns

1

nd

within a shi

Text

:

Chapter

Book

of

r

thi

(continued) the Sun

to

o


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

c

ANI

the Sola i-od.

Chapters 15 (continued! and

133 of the

Book of the Dead, con. taiiiing

hymns

to

the

Sun-god.

3

C


m

THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

AMI

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

j->. Vignettes: The Suii.god in his Bark.

Text:

Chapters

(continued) and the Bool< of

At

the

tlie

end

[33 134 of

Dead of

the

the ladder or steps by which the soul passes to visit the body in the tomb. flate

is

flight of

CHAP

CXXXIII.

3

o


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

c

ANI

ring

Powers

Ihe

of Localities,

twenty

of

depicted

(si

Plate:

'3-15)-

Text: Chapter (repeated) of of the Dead.

^

tlie

iS

Hook

c


m ^M^---'ifdL-'i^'

THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

'k';/..

THE PAPYRUS OF

ANI

j4i*ittfe J:

24 [11)

— Vignettes Eleven

Powers ties

of

.

of the Locali-

(continued from

Plate 23). («) Ani his wife adoring

and

a triad of gods.

Text

Chapters

:

(continued) and 124 of the Book of the Dead the latter describing the deeased's triumphanl progress ami state iS

;

t

oi bliss.

CHAP. CXXIV

O


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

^

ANI

25.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Vignettes

lluve,

:

The

Golden

the

Hawk, and

the Divine

H:i\vk, illustrating the

chapters

<)(

the transol

ased

into

the de. those

ythical forms of the

Text: Chapters o Liisformation, SO. 77

Bnok

CHAP. LXXXVI

o

CHAP. LXXVll

CHAP.

LXXVIII

viz.

and 78 of th Dead.

of the

C


i -.•6— 7V^/:Ciiapler i

(continued) of the 10k of the

4l

^ ^^K

llo

2B

r?-k^l Hc £:

J^iitlH^UI^I?f|.-'b

ill

3

"

"c

Dead.


^lâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Vignelles-.Thi: rr|iciu

Se.ta, the r.^ndile Sebak, the "1 Htah. the "ul o( Tmu), and

Ram

"

Heron, illustrating

^iisformations (con-

'd from Plates as .1 -.6).

7'.r/:

CHAP. LXXXVIl

CHAP. LXXXVIII

,3

CHAP. LXXXII

CHAP. LXXXV

c

Chapters of


jH.— yigitelles-.The the Lo i,

illu

s(orm (continued from

.ing i

Plates 25-27).

Text- Chapters of transformation,

viz..

84.81A, and8oof the Bool< of the Dead.

CHAP. LXXXIV

CHAP. LXXXI

«

CHAP. LXXX

c


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

ANI

2i)

— \;g,irtles:{«) nd hb

iHor-

ing Thoth. (4) Arii and his wife before a table of offerings. Text'. of

;

Chapter 175

Hook

(he

Dead

and the

portion ol a ter

CHAP. CLXXV

c

the

latter

which begins

Plate 30

*afe.<i.*^..,4M-.,^M^kJ

of

new chapin


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

ANI

30-


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

o

ANI

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

l'igite//e:Thf; 31 Hall of tlic Two-fold Maat (part in Plate decorated with 32), urari and feathers symbolical of (Maat). Within are the fortytwo judges of the dead, thirty-three of whom are here de-

Uw

Tcxt: Chapter 125 Negative Con-

(the

fession) of the of the

im

L__

CHAP. CXXV

Book

Dead.

THE NEGATIVE CONFESSION

G


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

ANI

c

32.— fiV„;«„:(a) Two-

Tlie Hall of Ihe

Maat (conlinued from Plate 3 1), showfold

ing the rest of the judges of the dead and, in four compartments, the two goddesses of Law, Ani

adoring

Osiris,

the

Trial

of the Conscience (see Plate 3),and Thothand the Feather of Law. Ihe ii) twenty-three gods to

whom

are

severally

assigned various parts of the body.

Text

Chapters 25 (continued) and part 42 (the AssimilaLimbs) of the Hook of the Dead. :

1

of

tion of

CHAP, CXXV

THE NEGATIVE CONFESSION

C)


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

ANI

33—

^''^«/'«:(<i) hour cynocephali, seated at the cortiers of a puol of fire, from

which

rise four flames.

The Tat, the (4) Buckle,the Heart, and the Head-rest: (our amulets placed upon the mummy, (c) Fortion of the scene of the sepulchral chamber (see Plate 34).

Text Rubric of chapter 42 (Rubric), and chapters 155,156, :

29/',

the

16(1.

Book

and at the

151

of

Dead.

:y^;«y-:J

3

CHAP. CLVI

CHAP. CLXVl

CHAP. CU

r


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

c

ANI

Scene

of

the

chamber on its

chral

sepulthe

mummy

:

bier,

guarded by Anubis

;

(Plate 33) kneeling at the foot, and Isis

Nephthysat thehead; the

at

four corners, four children of

the

Horus above, the Tat below. Ap-uat on a tomb on the extreme right and left, ;

i

;

the

flame

of

Shabtu

fire,

and a

figure

signed

to

assist

dethe

deceased in the labours of the netherworld Ani and {/>} his

wife before a table

of offerings.

Text Chapters 151 ;

(continued) and ko (description of the Elysian FieMsi of the Book of the Dead.

V*-^ilS'r-'*'--^Tr^->,--i:ii^*c-**-**i^^-r:aKÂŁ;i^

o

c


;

THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

ANI

The occupations Ani

the

in

Fields,

^

of

Klysian

through which

flow rivers of water

Thoth

first

intro-

ducing the deceased

and

his

Sliade

into

the presence of a triad of gods. [6) A Hall (part in Plate 36) in

which Ani adores Ra, altars two before with vases and lotusflowers, and the seven Bull and the Cows provide food for him. rexl: Chapters no (Vignette) and 148 of the Hook of the Dead,

CHAP. CX

CHAP.

VIGNETTE

^

CXLVIII

c


THE BOOK OF THE DEAD

THE PAPYRUS OF

c

ANI

36

— I'ignellfi

:

(a)

The Hall (continued from «liicli

Plat= 35), in are the four

Rudders of Heaven and four triads of g.i.ls. (i) Ani and his wife before a table

of „Berings

Text: Chapters 148 ami 185 (ndoralion uf Osiris) of the

Hook

of

the Dea,l,

3

CHAP. CXLVIII

ADORATION OF

OSIRIS,

c


SOUTHERN feoJif!

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this mat^T^^'the ^Sr^^^-^^as Jrom Which H was

borrow^^'^

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UCLA-Art Library

*PJ 1555 A3 1913

L

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006 223 090 9

000 502 081


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