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o&kyfaqmif ausmfausmfAdk? MunfEl;yGifh rdwfuyf MudK;Mum Photo

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F

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း ာ က စ ္ ိပ လ ၤ ဂ အ း ာ ြ g Thu n u သ A း ီ Saya ခရ

Come round to my place

Sumie

My name is Sumie. I come from Nagano,

Japan you should try to be modest and you should

Japan. In my country, we usually invite guests

not show off too much. If you don’t understand our

home at the weekend for dinner at about 7 o’clock

culture, you may think this is very strange. When

in the evening. Before they come, we must tidy the

we have foreign guests, we try to serve traditional

front garden and clean the entrance hall. Then we

Japanese meals like sushi, tempura, or sukiyaki, but

must spray it all with water to show that we welcome

when we have Japanese guests, we serve all kinds

our guests with cleanliness. The

of food such as Spaghetti, Chinese food, or steaks.

bring a gift, and when they

guests

usually

give you the

When guests leave, the host and hostess see

gift, they say, ‘I’m sorry this is such a small

them out of the house and wait until their car turns the

gift’, but in fact they have chosen it very carefully.

corner of the street; they wait until they can’t

When the meal is ready the hostess says,’ we

see them any more.

have nothing special for you today , but you are welcome to come this way’. You can see that in


Kate

My name is Kate and

I’m from Bristol in England. We like to have people over for lunch and they usually get here around noon. We often have people over to eat, but sometimes when we invite a lot of people over, for a family gathering for example, we have what’s called a ‘potluck lunch’.

Lucas

people dress casually. If the weather is nice we’ll

My name is Lucas and

A potluck is an informal occasion, so

I’m from Porto

have it outside in the garden. What makes it

Alegre which is in the southern part of Brazil. We

fun is that everyone who comes has to bring

like to invite our friends over at weekends, on

a dish of food. They’re given a choice: starter,

a Friday or a Saturday night for a ‘ Churrasco’, or

main course, salad or vegetable, or dessert. As

Brazilian barbecue. These are very popular in this

the

part of Brazil.

dish the guests will bring, but not exactly

what the foods will be. That’s why it’s called

People come about 8.00 in the evening

host,

I’ll know how many of each kind of

and stay to midnight or even later-sometimes

‘potluck’-

until 2.00 in the morning, whenever people start

party and not knowing what you’re going to

getting sleepy. People stay a long time; there is no

feed the

set time for dinner to end. We’ll sit around and

dish myself and get cups, glasses, and knives

play cards or just talk. It’s very informal. If people

and forks together, and supply the drinks. As the

want to bring something, I’ll tell them to bring

guests arrive, they put their dish on the table, and

something for the meal like a bottle of wine or

people help themselves. Some guests might bring

something for dessert.

a bottle of wine or flowers as a gift but I

don’t expect anything. It’s a fun, relaxed way of

Ah, but what about the food? At a

‘Churrasco’,we cook different kinds of meat on

it’s

a

surprise,

having

a

dinner

guests! All I have to do is make one

getting together with friends or family.

long metal skewers over an open flame. We have all kinds of meat: beef, pork and maybe Brazilian sausage. Sometimes chicken too. Then we cut off slices of meat from the skewers to serve the guests. It’s really delicious. We usually have potato salad or rice as side dishes. After the meal we drink coffee or espresso.

Sayar Aung Thu


ခ်စ္စရာေကာင္းတဲ့ မ်က္ႏွာဖုံးစြပ္ ပလိုဗာ ငွက္ရဲကေလးမ်ား EdkifpGrf; EdkifpGrf;

ဒီငွက္ကေလးကို Masked Lapwing (Vanellus miles)

၀င္ငွက္ပါ။ သူတို႔မွာ လတ္တေလာ ေလ့လာသုေတသနျပဳခ်က္အရ

လို႔ေခၚသလို၊ ေတာင္ပံခၽြန္ပလိုဗာ (Spur-winged Plover) လို႔လည္း

အမ်ိဳးအစား ႏွစ္မ်ိဳးရွိတယ္လို႔ ဆိုပါတယ္။ ေျမာက္ပိုင္း ၾသစေၾတးလ်

ေခၚပါတယ္။ သူတို႔ရဲ႕မူရင္းေဒသက ၾသစေၾတးလ်တိုက္ပါ။ အထူး

မ်ိဳးႏြယ္စု Vanellus miles miles လို႔မ်ိဳးရိုးအမည္ေပးထားတဲ့ ပလိုဗာ

သျဖင့္ေတာ့ ပလိုဗာငွက္ကေလးေတြကို အဲဒီတိုက္ရဲ႕ ေျမာက္ပိုင္းနဲ႔

ငွက္ေတြမွာေတာ့ လည္တင ို တ ္ စ္ခလ ု ုံးက အျဖဴေရာင္ျဖစ္ၿပီး၊ အ၀ါေရာင္

အေရွ႕ပိုင္းေဒသေတြပါ။ ငွက္ကေလးေတြဟာ ေျမျပင္မွာ အစာရွာေဖြ

မ်က္ႏွာဖုံးစြပ္နဲ႔ပါ။ ပလိုဗာငွက္ အထီးက မ်က္ႏွာဖုံးစြပ္က ပိုႀကီးၿပီး၊

ေန၊

ကိုယ္အရြယ္အစားလည္း

စားေသာက္ေနခ်ိန္

မ်ားပါတယ္။

သူတို႔စားေသာက္တာက

ပိုႀကီးမားပါတယ္။

ၾသစေၾတးလ်တိုက္

အင္းဆက္ပိုးမြားေလးေတြ၊ ေျမတြင္းေအာင္းသတၱ၀ါေလးေတြပါ။ သူတ႔ို

ေတာင္ပိုင္းနဲ႔ အေရွ႕ပိုင္းေဒသေတြမွာေတြ႕ရတဲ့ ပလိုဗာငွက္ေတြကို

ဟာ ခ်စ္စရာေကာင္းတဲ့အျပင္ ရဲရင့္တဲ့ငွက္ေလးေတြပါ။ အဲဒါေၾကာင့္

ေတာ့ Vanellus miles novaehollandiae လို႔ မ်ိဳးရိုးအမည္ရွိၿပီး၊ ေဒသ

ခ်စ္စရာေကာင္းတဲ့ ပလိုဗာငွက္ရဲကေလးမ်ားလို႔ အမည္ေပးလိုက္ရ

တြင္း အေခၚအေ၀ၚအေနနဲ႔ ဆူးခၽြန္ေတာင္ပံပလိုဗာ (Spur-winged

တာပါ။ သူတို႔ ဘယ္လိုရဲရင့္တာလဲဆိုေတာ့…..၊

Plover) လို႔ေခၚပါတယ္။ သူတို႔မွာေတာ့ အနက္ေရာင္အစင္းက်ား လည္တိုင္ရွိၿပီး၊ မ်က္ႏွာဖုံးစြပ္က ေသးငယ္ပါတယ္။

အသြင္အျပင္လကၡဏာ

လွပၿပီးခ်စ္စရာေကာင္းလို႔

ပလိုဗာငွက္ေတြဟာ

ေန႔မွာပဲျဖစ္ျဖစ္၊

ညမွာပဲျဖစ္ျဖစ္

တစ္ေကာင္နဲ႔တစ္ေကာင္ အသံေပး အခ်က္ျပဆက္သြယ္ၾကပါတယ္။ သတိေပးသံ၊ ငွက္ကေလးလို႔ဆိုေပမယ့္

ကာကြယ္ဖို႔ေအာ္ဟစ္သံ၊

ဖိုမေခၚသံ၊

ငွက္ငယ္ကို

ေခၚယူသံ စသည္ျဖင့္ အသံအမ်ိဳးမ်ိဳးျပဳ ဆက္သြယ္ၾကတာပါ။ သူတို႔

ပလိုဗာငွက္ေတြဟာ ၃၅ စင္တီမီတာ (၁၄ လက္မ) ရွိၿပီး ၃၇၀ ဂရမ္

ဟာ

ေျမျပင္မွာေနထိုင္ေနေပမယ့္

အၿမဲႏိုးၾကားေနတတ္ပါတယ္။

(၁၃ ေအာင္စ) အထိ ကိုယ္အေလးခ်ိန္ရွိတဲ့ Charadriidae မ်ိဳးႏြယ္စု

အနားယူတဲ့အခါမွာေတာင္ အိပ္တယ္ဆိုတာ မရွိသေလာက္ပါပဲ။


ငွက္သားေပါက္ျခင္းႏွင့္ အမူအက်င့္

မ်က္ႏွာဖုံးစြပ္ပလိုဗာငွက္ေတြဟာ

စြတ္စိုတဲ့ကမ္းရိုးတန္းစိမ့္ေျမေတြမွာ အေတြ႕ ရမ်ားပါတယ္။ မိုးေခါင္ေရရွား လြင္ျပင္ေဒသ ေတြမွာလည္း ေတြ႕ႏိုင္ျပန္ပါတယ္။ ဒါေၾကာင့္ ပလိုဗာငွက္ေတြဟာ

သဘာ၀၀န္းက်င္အ

ေနအထားနဲ ႔ လို က္ေ လ်ာညီေ ထြ ျ ဖစ္ေ အာင္ ျပဳျပင္ေနထိုင္ႏိုင္ၾကတာလို႔

ဆိုၾကတာပါ။

ကမ္းရိုးတန္းေဒသ ေတြမွာလည္း သူတို႔ကို ေတ ြ ႕ ႏို င္ ပ ါ တ ယ္ ။ ပ လို ဗာ င ွ က္ေ တ ြ ဟာ ေတာင္ပိုင္းကုန္းတြင္းေဒသနဲ႔

နယူးဇီလန္

အထိ ၁၉၃၀ခုႏွစ္၀န္းက်င္ႏွစ္မ်ားကတည္း က ပ်ံ႕ႏွံ႔ေနထိုင္ၾကၿပီး အခုဆိုရင္ နယူးဇီလန္ Chick in camouflaged posture

ႏိုင္ငံတစ္ႏိုင္ငံလုံးမွာ ပ်ံ႕ႏွံ႔ေနထိုင္လ်က္ရွိပါတယ္။ ဆူးခၽြန္ေတာင္ပံ

ပလိုဗာငွက္ေပါက္ကေလးတစ္ေကာင္

ေတြနဲ႔ပလိုဗာငွက္လို႔ လူသိမ်ားပါတယ္။

အျပဳအမူ

မ်က္ႏွာဖုံးစြပ္ပလိုဗာငွက္ေတြဟာ ေႏြရာသီနဲ႔ ေဆာင္းဦး

ရာသီေတြမွာေတာ့

ရွက္တတ္ၿပီး၊

အေတာင္က ခၽြန္ထက္တဲ့ အတက္ေတြနဲ႔ တိုက္ခိုက္မယ္ေပါ့။

အႏၱရာယ္မေပးတတ္ၾကပါဘူး။

သူတို႔ဟာ ေၾကာက္မက္ဖြယ္ေကာင္းေလာက္ေအာင္ သိုက္ၿမဳံ

သို႔ေပမယ့္ အသိုက္ေဆာက္လုပ္တဲ့အခါမွာေတာ့ အေတာ့္ကို ရဲၾကပါ

ကို ကာကြယ္တတ္ၾကသလို၊ တစ္ခါတေလမွာ ေတာ့ ရန္သူကို လွည့္

တယ္။ က်ယ္ျပန္႔တဲ့ကြင္းျပင္ထဲမွာ ျပင္ဆင္မႈေတြလုပ္ၿပီး အသိုက္ကို

ျဖားတဲ့နည္းကိုလည္း

ေဆာက္လုပ္ၾကပါတယ္။ အဲဒီထဲမွာ က်ယ္ျပန္႔တဲ့ ပန္းၿခံႀကီးေတြ၊

သလို ေထာ့နင္းေထာ့နင္းနဲ႔ေလွ်ာက္သြားျပၿပီး ရန္သူ အနီးအနား

ဥယ်ာဥ္ႀကီးေတြ၊

ႀကီးမားတဲ့ေက်ာင္းအေဆာက္အဦေတြ၊

သုံးတတ္ၾကပါတယ္။

ေျခတစ္ဖက္က်ိဳးသြား

စူပါ

ေရာက္မွ အေ၀းကိုထပ်ံသြားတတ္ျပန္ေရာ။ အထူးသျဖင့္ ဒီလိုနည္းနဲ႔

မားကက္အေဆာက္အဦ စတဲ့အေဆာက္အဦးေတြရဲ႕ ေခါင္မိုးေပၚေတြ

သူတို႔ရဲ႕ရန္သူ အသိုက္နဲ႔နီးေနတဲ့အခါ အေ၀းဘက္ကို မွ်ားေခၚသြား

မွာ အသိုက္ေတြေဆာက္လုပ္ၾကပါတယ္။ သူတို႔ဟာ သူတို႔အသိုက္

တတ္ၾကပါတယ္။

ေဆာက္လုပ္ထားတဲ့ ဧရိယာေနရာနားကို အျခားသတၱ၀ါေတြ လာ

ထူးျခားတဲ့အသံတစ္ခုနဲ႔လည္း လမ္းညႊန္ျပသတတ္ျပန္ပါတယ္။ အသံ

ေရာက္တာကို မႀကိဳက္ၾကဘူး။ ေရာက္လာခဲ့တယ္ဆိုရင္လည္း အလြန္

ေပၚမူတည္ၿပီး အႏၱရာယ္ကိုသိေစတာပါပဲ။ အသံရွည္ရွည္ျပဳတာ ဆို

ႀကီးမားတဲ့ ေလယာဥ္ပ်ံႀကီးေတြျဖစ္ပါေစ ျပန္လည္တိုက္ခိုက္ တတ္ၾက

ရင္ေတာ့ အသံျပဳသူငက ွ က ္ သူတရ ႔ို ႕ဲ ကေလးေတြကို အနီးနားကို လာေစ

ပါတယ္။ အဲဒီလို ေလယာဥ္ပ်ံကို ပလိုဗာငွက္ေတြက ျပန္လည္တိုက္

တဲ့အခါသုံးပါတယ္။ အသံတိုတိုနဲ႔ ခပ္ဆတ္ဆတ္ေအာ္တာက အားလုံး

ခိက ု တ ္ ာဟာ မၾကာခဏ လိ႔ေ ု တာင္ဆႏ ို င ို ပ ္ ါတယ္။ သူတ႔ို သားေပါက္ခ်ိန္

ဒီေနရာကေန အေ၀းကိထ ု က ြ ခ ္ ြာဖိျ႔ု ဖစ္ပါသတဲ။့ သူတရ ႔ို ႕ဲ အတက္ေတြမွာ

က ေဆာင္းတြင္းရာသီ (ဇြန္ ၂၁ ) ေနာက္ပင ို ္းကာလ ေတြမွာပါ။ သိ႔ေ ု ပမယ့္

လည္း အဆိပ္ေတြရွိတယ္လို႔လည္း အယူအဆမွားေတြ ရွိပါတယ္။ ဒီလို

တစ္ခါတေလေတာ့ အဲဒီထက္အနည္းငယ္ ပိုေစာၾကတာလည္း ရွိပါ

ယူဆၾကတာကလည္း မ်က္ႏွာဖုံးစြပ္ပလိုဗာ ငွက္ေတြရဲ႕ ေၾကာက္စရာ

တယ္။ သူတို႔သိုက္ၿမဳံအတြက္ ဖိုမႏွစ္ေကာင္လုံး အတူတြဲၿပီး က်ဴးေက်ာ္

ေကာင္းေလာက္ေအာင္ တိုက္ခိုက္ျပဳမူတတ္တဲ့ အခ်က္ေၾကာင့္ျဖစ္

လာသူကို ခုခံကာကြယ္ၾကပါတယ္။ အသံက်ယ္က်ယ္နဲ႔ ေအာ္ဟစ္

ပါတယ္။ တိုက္ခိုက္ၾကတဲ့အခါမွာလည္း အျခားငွက္ေတြ၊ ေၾကာင္ေတြ၊

ေမာင္းထုတ္မယ္၊ ေတာင္ပံသံ တျဖန္းျဖန္းခတ္ၿပီး ထိုးသုတ္တိုက္

ေခြးေတြကို ရက္ရက္စက္စက္တိုက္ခိုက္တုံ႔ျပန္တတ္ၾကပါတယ္။

ေနာက္ၿပီး

သူတို႔ဟာ

သူတို႔ရဲ႕ကေလးေတြကို

ခိုက္မယ္၊ သူတို႔ေျခေထာက္ေတြနဲ႔ ကုတ္ျခစ္ပစ္မယ္၊ လွပတဲ့ သူတို႔

A Masked Lapwing blinking (the nictitating membrane is used rather than the eyelids) မ်က္စိကာအေမွးပါးနဲ႔ ပလိုဗာငွက္


သို႔ေပမယ့္ သူတို႔ရဲ႕ သားေပါက္ေလးေတြ ႏွစ္လ - သံုး လသား

အရြယ္ေရာက္လာတဲ့ အခါမွာေတာ့ ဒီေလာက္ရက္စက္ျပင္းထန္တဲ့ တိုက္ခိုက္တာေတြ မရွိေတာ့ျပန္ပါဘူး။

လူေတြကို တိုက္ခိုက္တတ္တာေတာ့ ရွားပါးပါတယ္။ တစ္ခါ

တစ္ေလမွာေတာ့ တိုက္ရင္းခိုက္ရင္း အေတာင္ေတြထိခိုက္အနာတရ ျဖစ္တတ္တဲ့အခါမ်ိဳးမွာေတာ့ သူတို႔ဟာ မပ်ံသန္းဘဲ ေတာင္ပံကိုျပန္ ေကာင္းေအာင္ကုသတတ္ၾကပါေသးတယ္။ လူေနဆင္ေျခဖုံးေတြမွာ၊ ကားလမ္း၊ လူသြားလမ္းနဲ႔ နီးတဲ့ေနရာေတြမွာ သားေပါက္တဲ့ ငွက္ေတြ ကေတာ့ အိမ္ေမြးတိရိစာၦန္ေတြ၊ လူေတြ၊ ကားေတြရဲ႕ ပေယာဂေၾကာင့္ ေအာင္ေအာင္ျမင္ျမင္

သားမေပါက္ႏိုင္ၾကတာေတြလည္းရွိပါတယ္။

သူတို႔ရဲ႕သေကၤတတစ္ရပ္လို႔ဆိုႏိုင္တာကေတာ့ အၿမဲတမ္း ဖိုမ ႏွစ္ ေကာင္စုံတြဲျမင္ေတြ႕ၾကရတတ္ျခင္းပါ။ အုပ္စုနဲ႔ေနထိုင္က်က္စားတာ ေတြလည္းရွိပါတယ္။ အထူးသျဖင့္ေတာ့ သူတို႔ရဲ႕ သားေပါက္ခ်ိန္ ကမ္း

A Masked Lapwing feeding on a sand worm သဲျပင္ေအာက္ကအင္းဆက္ကို ရွာေဖြစားေသာက္ေနတဲ့ ပလိုဗာငွက္

ရိုးတန္းေဒသေတြမွာေပါ့။ သားေပါက္ငွက္ငယ္ အရြယ္ေရာက္ခ်ိန္က ေတာ့ ေလး - ငါးလသား အရြယ္ပါ။ သို႔ေပမယ့္ သားေပါက္ငွက္ကေလး ေတြဟာ သူတို႔မိဘငွက္ေတြနဲ႔ တစ္ ႏွစ္၊ ႏွစ္ ႏွစ္ေလာက္အထိ အတူေန ထိုင္ၾကတာကိုေတြ႕ရပါတယ္။

Plover Gallery Southern race, V. m. novaehollandiae in Queensland (ေတာင္ပိုင္းေဒသ ငွက္မ်ိဳးခြဲတစ္ခု၊ ကြင္းစလန္ျပည္နယ္မွာ အမ်ားဆုံးေတြ႕ရတဲ့

Eggs in a nest အသိုက္ထဲမွ ငွကဥ ္ မ်ား

v.m. novaehollandiae မ်ိဳးႏြယ္)

Northern race, V. m. Miles (ေျမာက္ပိုင္းေဒသ ငွက္မ်ိဳးႏြယ္ခြဲတစ္မ်ိဳး၊ V. m. miles မ်ိဳးႏြယ္)

Northern race facial detail.

Young Masked Lapwing running

ေျမာက္ပိုင္းေဒသတြင္ေတြ႕ရသည့္

ေျပးလႊားေနေသာ မ်က္ႏွာဖုံးစြပ္

ငွက္မ်ိဳးႏြယ္

ပလိုဗာငွက္ကေလး

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Southern race facial detail. Also shows wing spurs. ေတာင္ပိုင္းေဒသတြင္ အမ်ားဆုံးေတြ႕ရသည့္ ငွက္မ်ိဳးႏြယ္


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Miss Myanmar International

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l qefcgwiftqifhxdygvmatmif oifay;wJh Lecture awG udkvnf; aoaocsmcsmvdkufrSwf&ygw,f/ vrf;avQmufyHk? aeyHk xdkifyHk? pdwf"mwfydkif;a&;&mutp bufpHktm;vHk;aumif;atmif MudK; pm;,SOfjydKifcJh&ygw,f/ l Miss eJY vGJacsmfcJh&wJhtwGuf 0rf;vnf;0rf;enf;ygw,f/ 0rf;vnf;0rf;omygw,f/ bmvdkYvnf;qdkawmh &oGm;wJholuvnf; xdkufxdkufwefwefeJY&oGm;wJhtwGuf olYtwGuf*kPf,lygw,f/ 'g ayr,fh udk,fr&awmhvnf; pdwfraumif;awmhjzpfwmaygh/ l aemif Miss Myanmar uawmhav ... &ift&rf;wkef&vGef;vdkY xyfrjydKifjzpfavmufawmhbl;eJYwlw,f/ t&rf;&ifwkef&wm&Sifh.../ l pifumyludk 'g&dkufwmarmifrsdK;rif;wdkY? rMunfjzL&SifwdkYeJY 'g&dkufwmoifwef;oGm;a&mufwufcJhwmuawmh trSwfw&yJ&Sifh/ Miss Myanmar jydKifyGJtjyD;rSm obm0ywf0ef;usif xdef;odrf;a&;udk ydkjyD;wefzdk;xm;wwfvmwm&Sifh/ tckqdk&if tdrfrSm taru rD;awGzGifhxm;vdkY&Sd&if tukefvHk;vdkufydwf? a&vnf; tvum; rukefapeJY/ 0g;wlqdk&ifvnf; tckroHk;eJYawmhaygh/ wwfEdkifwJhbuf uayghaemf/ l jrefrmEdkifiHu {nfhonfydk0ifvmaejyD/ 'DxufwufzdkYyJ&Sdyg awmhw,f/ l April Star uMunfh&wmuawmh zwfcsifp&mav;yJ/ l


l qefcgwiftqifhtxda&mufatmif tcuftcJawGu awmh trsm;MuD;ayghaemf/ 'DyGJMuD;u wjcm;yGJawGxufydkjyD; tqifh vnf;jrifhw,f? EdkifiHwumeJY&ifaygifwef;Edkifr,fh trsdK;orD; vnf; ay:xGufvmr,fvdkYxifw,f/ tJ'DtwGuf tcuftcJawG trsm;MuD;&SdcJhygw,f/ l t"du uawmh English Speaking aumif;atmif t&rf; udk vkyfxm;&ygw,f/ l Miss eJYvGJcJh&wJhtcgusawmh udk,fhqDrSm tm;enf;csuf awGtrsm;MuD;&Sdaeao;w,fvdkY orD;uawmhxifwmayghaemf/ l aemif Miss Myanmar jydKifyGJtwGufuawmh orD;buf u tm;enf;csufawGrSeforQjyifjyD;? 'Dxufydkaumif;atmif jyifqifoGm;rSmyg/ l Miss Tourism wkef;u yk*HoGm;&wm&,f? Miss Myanmar rSm aiGaqmifoGm;&wm&,f/tJ'Dc&D;pOfESpfcku t&rf; aysmfygw,f/ l obm0ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;zdkYqdk&ifawmh jrefrmEdkifiH rSm trsm;MuD;vdkaeao;w,fvdkY xifygw,f/ t"du yvwfpwpf aygh/ avQmhcszdkYu awmfawmfMuD;udkvdkaeao;w,f/ Toilet System udk 'Dxufydkaumif;apcsifw,f/ a&udk acRwmjyD; oHk;ap csifw,f/ EdkifiHjcm;rSm pifumylu Toilet System udk ydkjyd; t"duvkyfw,f/ jrefrmEdkifiHvnf; tJvdkjzpfapcsifw,f/ l jrefrmEdkifiHc&D;oGm;vkyfief;wdk;wufzdkYtwGuf Miss rSm vnf; ydkjyD;wm0ef&SdoGm;w,fvdkYxifygw,f/ 'D Miss wpfa,muf tay:rSm jrefrmEdkifiH&JU Culture udk cGJjcm;qHk;jzwfEdkifw,fvdkY xifygw,f/ 'DtwGuf Miss rSm trsm;MuD;wm0ef&Sdw,fvdkY xifygw,f/


l MudK;pm;cJh&wmawmh trsm;MuD;yJ/ wpfqifhjyD;wpfqifha&G;wm qdk awmhav/ tifwmAsL;awGutrsm;MuD;yJ/ vrf;avQmufusifh&wmawG? urÇmY A[kokw? jrefrmhA[kokwawGvnf; odatmifvkyf&w,f/ l Miss Myanmar eJYvGJacsmfcJh&awmh pdwfuawmhenf;enf; jzpfrd wmayghaemf/ 0ifjydKifuwnf;uawmh vlwdkif;uawmh &csifMuwmayghaemf/ r[kwfbl;vm;/ r&vdkufwJhtcgusawmh vnf;...tif;... bmrSrjzpfygbl; vdkYyJ ajymjyD; aevdkuf&awmhwmaygh/ l aemufwpfcg ,SOfjydKifOD;rvm;qdkawmh raocsmao;ygbl;/ l rav;&Sm;udkoGm;&wm aysmfw,f/ oli,fcsif;awGeJY vefum0Dudk oGm;cJhwmav/ rdbawGeJYoGm;&wmr[kwfawmh vGwfvyfwmayghav/ l obm0ywf0ef;usifeJYxdef;odrf;a&;eJYywfoufvdkYuawmh ... udk,fvkyfEdkifoavmuf vkyf&r,f/ trIdufawGypfrcs&bl;? uGrf;wHawG;awG raxG;&bl;/ rD;vnf;udk,foHk;oavmufyJzGifh? a&vnf;tJvdkyJaygh/ tpm; qdkvnf; udk,fpm;EdkifoavmufyJaygh/ t&mwdkif;udk xdef;odrf;oifhw,f/ l c&D;oGm;vkyfief;uawmh ... ckvnf;awmfawmfMuD;awmh a&mufvm ygjyD/ ydkjyD;MudK;pm;&if ydkjyD;a&mufrSm ayghaemf/ qufvufjyD; MudK;pm;oifh ygw,f/


l

Miss Myanmar

qefcgwiftqifhxdatmifjrifcJhzdkYayghaemf/ tvSa&m? tom;ta&? udk,fhynmt&nftcsif;? t*Fvdyfpm? Tourism eJYywfoufwmawG avhvmcJh&ygw,f/ l Miss Myanmar International eJY vGJcJh&wmuawmh udk,fu 'D Title eJY rwefao;vdkYyJvdkY pdwfxJrSmxnfhvdkufw,f/ pjydKifuwnf;u 'D[mudkrSef;jyD; jydKifMuwmqdkawmh enf;enf;awmhcHpm;&wmaygh/ udk,fhxufawmfwJholawG? &oifh&xdkufwJholawG &oGm;wmawmh 0rf;om*kPf,lygw,f/ l aemuf ... Miss Myanmar jydKifyGJ0ifr,fqdk&if vdktyfaeao;wJht*Fvdyf pum;ajym? Tourism eJYywfoufwmawG? obm0ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;eJY Miss Myanmar twGufvdktyfwmawG jznfhqnf;jyD;MudK;pm;&rSmaygh/ l orD;pifumyludk Package Tour ayghaemf/ *E¦0ifa&Tyk*HeJY oGm;zl;w,f/ c&D;pOfrSmygvmwJh Customers awGtm;vHk; pdwftaESmifht,Suf wpfckrSrjzpf&bl;/ tJ'D Tour tzGJYudk orD;awmhcsD;usL;w,f/ l Miss Myanmar jydKifyGJr0ifcifwkef;uawmh 'D ... obm0ywf0ef;usif xdef;odrf;a&;udk owdrjyKrdcJhbl;/ jydKifjyD;wJhtcsdefrSm q&mMuD;uvnf; aoao csmcsm&Sif;jyw,f/ rodvdkufvdkY vGJacsmfcJh&wmawG trsm;MuD;aygh/ tckvdkodvdkuf &awmh trIdufqdkvnf;rypfawmhbl;/ wpfcgoHk;wlqdk&ifvnf; t&ifuawmh awmif;wmayghaemf/ ypfpvufcwfaygh/ l c&D;oGm;rSm ...{nfh0ifwm? {nfhxGufwmudk ydkjyD;tav;ay;r,fhtpm;? 'DEdkifiHrSm udk,f bm Service ay;EdkifrvJ? b,fvdkvHkjcHKrIay;EdkifvJaygh ... c&D;rzifh atmifvnf; vkyfzdkYvdkw,f xifygw,f/ oQm;xufEdkif


raocifoGm;oihfwJh tm&S 10ae&mxJrSm b,fae&mukd oiftoGm;csifqHk;vJ/ uGsefawmftoGm;csifqHk;ae&muawmh vlom;awG&Jhr&dSrjzpf tcspfoauFwjzpfwJh wmh(*sf)r[m eJU ppf&JUoauFwjzpfwJh r[mwHwkdif;BuD;ygyJ/ &J&ifhxG#facgif

c

&D;oGm;rsm;tzdkU olwkdU&Jhtzkd;wefvSwJh tm;vyfcsdefawGrSm urÇmywfNyD;txifu&ae&mrsm;udk vSnfhvnf Munfh&I&wm pdwf0ifpm;zkdUvnf;aumif;? aysmfzdkUvnf;aumif;aygh/ Oa&my? Mopaw;vs? awmiftar&du? tz&duwkdufwkdUrSmMunhfp&mawGrsm;vSygw,f/&ifoyf&IarmzG,f&mtxifu&ae&mrsm;pGm&dSaom tm&Swkdufuawmh c&D;oGm;rsm;twGuf a&G;cs,fp&mtaumif;qHk;wkdufwpfwkdufyg/ t&G,ftpm;BuD;rm;wJhtm&Swkdufu xkdif;? w&kwf? *syef? tif'kdeD;&Sm;? &k&Sm;eJU tjcm;EkdifiHrsm;[m uJGjym;jcm;em; wJhordkif;aMumif;eJU ,Ofaus;rIwkdUaMumifh c&D;oGm;rsm;ukdtxl;wvnfqJGaqmifEkdifygw,f/ Munhf&IavhvmzkdUae&m awGrsm;jym;vGef;wmaMumihf b,fukdoGm;&r,fa0cJGr&jzpfae&ifawmh tm&Swkdufu a[m'D 10 ae&mudkawmh rjzpf raeoGm;oihfaMumif; tBuHjyKwkdufwGef;vkduf&ygw,f/


1

/10 w&kwfjynfu r[mwHwkdif; The Great Wall of China, China

rkdif;aygif; 4000 eD;yg;&Snfvsm;wJh r[mwHwkdif;BuD; [m w&kwfjynf&JhtqJGaqmifEkdifqHk;ae&mtjzpf wnf&dScJhwm ESpfaygif;axmifcsD&dSaecJhwmyg/ rsufarSmufacwfrSm c&D;oGm;awG trsm;qHk;vnfywfMunfh&IMuwJh r[mwHwkdif;BuD;&Jh tykdif;awG uawmh rif rif;quf (Ming Dynasty) rSm wnfaqmufcJhwJh tydkif;rsm;jzpfygw,f/ onfwHwkdif;BuD;ukd wnfaqmufcJhwJh &nf&G,fcsufuawmh ajrmufbufrSjynfy&efrsm;ukd umuG,fzdkU ygyJ/ 1900jynhfESpfrsm;? ,cifw&kwftpkd;&vufxufu c&D;oGm;vmrIrsm; uefUowfxm;onfhtwGuf r[mwHwkdif;BuD; ukd urÇmvSnfhc&D;oGm;rsm; ykdrkdpdwf0ifpm;cJhMuw,f/ urÇmay:rSm onfvkdwHwkdif;BuD;rsdK; 'Dwpfckom&dSvkdU urÇmhtHhzG,fpm&if;0if jzpfaewmyg/ wHwkdif;BuD;ukdMunfhNyD; aESmif;vlrsm; b,fvkdwnf aqmufcJhMuovJqkdwmudk pdwful;jzefUusufawG;awmrdMuNyD; csD;usL;rdMu&ygw,f/

rsufarSmufacwfc&D;oGm;rsm;tMum; a&yef;pm;wJh r[mwHwkdif;BuD;&Jhtpdwftydkif;awGuawmh - - - b'gvif; (Badaling)? taemufbufu * sm,k*Grf (Jiayuguan)? &Sef[kdif;*Grf (Shanhaiguan)? 0rf*sifvl; (Wangjinglou)? uif;arsmfpif ESihf rlwD'ef,k tykdif;rsm;jzpfonf/ awmifwef;rsm;wpfavSsmuf auGUaumufwnfaqmufxm;aom þr[mwHwkdif;BuD;ukd urÇmvSnfh c&D;oGm;rsm; rnfonhftcgrSarhEkdifMurnfr[kwfay/


2

/10 wkdusdK 'pöaevef;

Tokyo Disneyland Tokyo, Japan

a0gh'pöae (Walt Disney) ukrÜPD rdom;pkrsm; aysmf&Tif pGmtyef;ajzEkdifzkdY aqmif&GufcJhwmq,fpkESpfaygif;rsm;pGm &dScJhyg NyD/ tyef;ajz&if; &ifckefaysmf&Tif &,farmEdkifapzdkU upm;enf; wkdusdK'pöaevef;ukd ESpfpOfvma&mufvnfywfol trsdK;rsdK;? taysmfpD;p&mtrsdK;rsdK;? t&om&dSaompm;aomuf qkdif oef;ESihfcsD &dSygw,f/ a&yef;tpm;qHk; tyef;ajzp&mrsmuawmh rsm;? trSwfw&ypönf;qkdifrsm;ESihf tyef;ajzoltm;vHk;ukd qJG Snow White’s Adventures, Dumbo the Flying Elephant, aqmifEkdifcJhygw,f/ 1983ckESpfrSm zGihfvSpfcJhwJh wkdusdK'pöaevef; Peter Pan’s Flight, Big Thunder Mountain, Mark Twain [m tar&duEkdifiHjyifyrSm zGihfwJhyxrqHk; 'pöaevef;jzpfyg Riverboat, Splash Mountain, Clip 'n Dale’s Treehouse, w,f/ rl&if; 'pöaevef;[m tar&duEkdifiH umvDzkd;eD;,m; Donald’s Boat, Jungle Cruise ESihf The Pirates of the jynfe,f avmh(pf)tdef*s,fvd(pf)NrdKUESifh rkdif 40ausmftuGm u Caribbean wkdUjzpfygw,f/ wkdusdK'pöaevef;rSm wpfckxyfwkd;vmwmuawmh tkdife[kdifNrdKUrSm&dSygw,f/ tyef;ajzp&mrsm;tjzpf - - - - Tokyo Disney Sea jzpf y gw,f / wk dusdK'pöaevef;&Jh rlykdifjzpfNyD; World Bazaar, Westernland, Fantasyland, Tomorrowland, Adventureland, Critter Country, ESihf Mickey’s Toon Town aysmf&Tifp&m a&urÇmtjzpf tyef;ajzaysmf&Tif &ifckefEkdifygw,f/ wkdUrSmaysmfEkdifygw,f/


3

/10 a&ay:aps;rsm;

Floating Markets , Thailand

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4

/10 aumif;uifbHkausmif;awmf? ab*sif; Temple of Heaven - Bijing , China

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5

/10 0dwkd&d,awmif

Victoria Peak , Hong Kong

a[mifaumifuRef;udk aps;0,fxGufr,f? t&omxl;uJwJhta&SUwkdif;tpm;tpmawGpm;r,f? azsmfajzyJGawG oGm;r,fNyD;&if 0dwkd&d,awmifay:oGm;Mur,f/ atmfpwifawmif (Mount Austin) vkdUvnf; trnfwGifwJh 0dwkd&d,awmif[m a[mifaumifuRef;&JU taemufbufjcrf;rSmwnf&dSygw,f/ awmif&Jh tjrifhqHk;ae&mu 1810ay&dSwmrkdU a[mifaumifwpfuGRef;vHk;ESihf 0dwkd&d, qdyfurf;? yifv,fa&vrf;aMumif;ESihf tjcm;uRef;i,fav;rsm;&Jh &Icif;udkcHpm;Ekdifygw,f/ a[mifaumifNrdKU&JU rkd;arSsmftaqmuftODrsm;ukd rD;jcpfqHav;rsm;axmifxm;bdonfhtvm; MunfEl;pGmjrifawGUEkdifygw,f/ uGsef;ao; av;rkdU qdyfurf;rvHkavmufvkdYyifv,fxJ ausmufcsNyD;ukefwifukefcsvkyfaewJh yifv,ful;oabmFBuD;rsm;ukdvnf; t&kyfav;rsm;vkdawGUae&onf/ 1800ckESpfrsm;rSm onfawmifukef;wpf0kduf pwiftajccsaexkdifvmMuNyD; wjznf;jznf;zHGUNzdK;vmjcif;jzpf onf/ rsufarSmufumvrSmawmh a[mifaumifuRef;\ cHhnm;vSyaomtaqmuftODrsm;ESihf aps;0,fzdkYtaumif;qHk; ae&mjzpfaeNyD/ aps;0,fzkdUt"duESpfae&muawmh Peak Tower ESihf Peak Galleria wdkUjzpfygonf/ azsmfajzyJGrsm; ukdvnf; a'ocHrsm;a&m c&D;onfrsm;ygESpfoufMuonf/ awmifay:wufcsifvQifawmh Peak Tram vkdUac:wJh rdk;ysH&xm; u tqiftajyqHk;yJ/ tcsdefwdktwGif; awmifxdyfa&mufw,f/ bwf(pf)eJU wuúpDpD;wufcsifvnf;&yfygonf/ 'gayr,fh awmifudkywfNyD; wuf&vdkUtcsdefMumygw,f/ ajcvsifawmifwufEkdifwJhvrf;vnf;&dSygw,f/ a[mifaumifa&muf&if Victoria Peak ukd rjzpfraeoGm;Munhfvkdufyg/


6

/10 jrbk&m;? befaumuf

Emerald Buddha - Bangkok, Thailand

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jrbk&m;zl;&if;ESihf acsmifbk&m; (Chao Phraya) jrpfurf;ezl;&dSeef;awmf&mxJ vSnhfvnfavhvmEkdifygw,f/ jrbk&m;pHy,fawmfrlwJh 0yfz&m;auG; (Wat Phra Kaew) taqmiftjyifcHhnm;xnf0gwJh 'l;qpfz&mh (Dusit Phra) ESihf csu&Dr[my&mqyf (Chakri Mahaprasald Hall) wefaqmif;BuD;rsm;udkvnf; avhvmEkdifygw,f/


7

/10 NrdKUawmfab*sif;

The Forbidden City - Beijing, China

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8

wmh ( *sf ) r[m /10 Taj Mahal - Agra, India tEd´,EkdifiH ,rkefemjrpfurf;u t*&m (Agra) rSm&SdwJh wmh(*sf)r[muawmh urÇmausmfygw,f/ ajcmufjypfuif;oJvJ pif Adokumvuf&mygvkdUajym&avmufatmifukd EJGUaESmif;vSy cHhnm;xnf0grIawGeJU NyD;jynfhpHkaewJh tcspf&JhoauFwjzpfyg w,f/ tcspfqHk;rdzk&m;BuD; rSefwyf(pf)r[mtwGuf &Sm*s[ef {u&mZfBuD;u tvGrf;ajywnfaqmufcJhwJhcspfAdrmefBuD;jzpfyg w,f/ 1650ckESpfavmufu wnfaqmufcJhwJh wmh(*sf)r[m cspfAdrmefBuD;[m tdEd´,EkdifiHtwGufomru wpfurÇmvHk;u vlom;tm;vHk;&Jh ESvHk;tdrfudkygodrf;ykdufEkdfifcJhygw,f/ urÇmay:&dSrnfonfhydokumvuf&meJUrS rwlwJhwpfck wnf;aom wmh(*sf)r[mrSm rGwfqviftEkynmvuf&mESihf ,Ofaus;rIudkygavhvmEkdifygw,f/ a&uef? O,smOfeJU opfyif yef;rmefwkdUuvnf; cspfAdr®mefBuD;ESifh vkdufzufpGmvSyaewm rdkUwpfESpfwpfESpfc&D;oGm;oef;aygif;rsm;pGm vma&mufvnfywf Muwm tHhMop&mawmhr[kwfygbl;/ wmh(*sf)r[mBuD;uae tcspf&JUpGrf;tm;awG ul;pufvmwmrkdU c&D;oGm;rsm;&Jh &ifxJ Munf El;jcif;rsm;pGmeJU auseyfoGm;Muygw,f/


9

/10 wkdif wkdiftefawmif Mount Tai Tai’an, China

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10

/10 [dr0EÅmawmifwef;

Himalayan Mountains - Various Countries

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