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GreenUP: Living and Working in Granton s1667189 Por Hui Pang porhui_pang@hotmail.com

Abstract The GreenUP revolves around a central theme of exhibiting a series of agriculture scales within the urban context, which is in juxtaposition with the previous heavily industrialised activities on the site of Granton. The proposal seeks an interconnection between the historical past of the site and re-establishes the site through the integration of new hydroponics production to activate the site as a new focal point of the proposed production. The GreenUP project explores the integration between the working and living in Granton, and the breakdown of the food production to worker’s daily life engagement. These scales of production establish themselves as part of exhibiting how worker’s daily life are permeated with the agricultural production as well as inaugurate the reemployment of the site as the community centre of Granton.




Urban Context: Granton

Dwelling Prototype: The Flexible Living Concept

Granton: An Introduction

The Existing Community in Granton

The Industrial Past

The Design Principles: Flexi-Dwelling

Choosing the Site

Flexi-Dwelling Prototypes

The Vision

Final Proposal for GreenUP Living

Production Activity Research: Granton Food Production Urban Agriculture: Hydroponics The Commercial Planting Process The Scales of Hydroponics Scales and Product The Case Studies



The Design Proposal Granton and the City GreenUP: Integrating Scales of Urban Agriculture The Urban Facade The Programmes: Residents, Visitors and Neighbourhood Resident Living and Working as Part of Exhibition Environmental Strategy

01 Urban Context: Granton I. Granton: An Introduction II. The Industrial Past III. Choosing the Site IV. The Vision


Urban Context

I. Granton: An Introduction The GreenUP is located in Granton, a deprived area in the north of Edinburgh. The site includes abandoned warehouses, decommisioned industrial grounds, and undervalued public spaces. The need to redevelop the site to propose and promote new progrommatic and spatial synergies has emerged, where the new proposal are to re-define the relationship between the work and the city. Historically, Granton was an industrial area where production such as car manufacture and gas works were developed. The end of the twentieth century saw the de-industrialisation of the area, where industrial activities ceased. The lack of job opportunities, low income and poor housing conditions led to the consequent lessen inhabitants. The previous heavily industrialised area were vacant due to the high land contamination.

Main Roads

The current Granton remains as one of the most deprived areas in Edinburgh, which seems to be marginalised from the city. Lack of transportation system, pedestrian-friendly pathways as well as resources contribute to the isolation of the site.

Waterfront Ave

Edinburgh City Centre

West Granton Road

Waterfront Broadway

(top) main bus routes from Edinburgh city centre

The site II. The Industrial Past

United Wire Works The business moved to Granton in 1925 and took over the Madelvic offices. The production of the wirecloth was associated with a range of different uses.

visiting the site The Gasholder


Community garden

Madelvic Car Factory The factory opened in 1898 and was the first electric car production factory in the UK. The financial problems of the company caused the closing of the factory, leaving the factory into an abandoned state. Both the factory and the office are listed as category B. The condition of the factory, however, is poor and subjected to partial demolition.

Madelvic factory

The Gasholder From the 1890s, three gasholders had been built to convert coals into gas for use. However, two of them were demolished over the years and the remaining one stood as one of the industrial identities of Granton. The gasholder is now a listed building.


5 6

3 7 2










II. Choosing the site The intersection between the existing residential development and the industrial production on the site is established to identify the site for a new neighbourhood where people encounter for work, social and daily life. It was then decided that the site for GreenUP to be located on the large open space besides the existing Madelvic car factory. The Madelvic factory is left abandoned and the existing fabrics were unrepaired. The architectural and historical identity of the building was left unexplored and insignificant to the daily life of the people in Granton. The move to utilise the boundary of the Madelvic factory for new productive activity as well as a public space therefore allows intrusion of the present into the industrial past.





The industrial past Residential Industrial Commercial Arts and cultural Educational

III. Granton: The food desert Granton, as one the food deserts in the UK, lack the larger supermarkets or stores, where the neighbourhoods of approximately 12,000 people have to share two supermarkets as their daily source of fresh food, or to drive down to the city centre for reliable source of affordable fresh fruits and vegetables. The proximity to the sea allows the fishing industry as one of the activities in Granton, which some of the local businesses revolve around. The production, however, are not always associated for the local consumption due to the increasing global demand. 85% of the vegetables are from the EU. The Netherlands provide the bulk of tomatoes and onions whereas Spain provides the cauliflower and celery. France is the main potato supplier. (source: ITC Trade Map) In the meanwhile, GreenUP challenges to alter the current situation by proposing a self-sustaining neighbourhood, where the residents grow their own food.

Source: Kellogg’s

Fresh Vegetables

Imports (tons)























Supermarket Eatery Place Food distribution The map shows that the source of the local Granton people are contrastingly insufficient compared to other parts of Edinburgh. To propose a new development which adds to the site, it should consider and include a series of food distribution to the local stores in Granton, and then distributed to the other parts of the city.



400m 200m

The Vision The proposal visualise reconnecting the fragmented activities in Granton. Walking from the industrial past to the present, where there could be clear visual connection between the past production and the new food production on site. The building becomes a new community centre, where the neighbourhoods visit and gather occassionally for food, leisure, and social interactions. It visualise the strengthening of the community bond, as well as adding different scales of urban agriculture, where all people are invited to take part in.

02 Productive Activity Research: Granton food production I. Urban Agriculture: Hydroponics II. The Commercial Planting Process III. The Scales of Hydroponics IV. The Scales and Product V. The Case Studies

I. Urban Agriculture: Hydroponics i. Hydroponics in Granton

ii. Type of Plants Grown

Hydroponics is a technology for growing plants without the use of soil. Due to the land contamination in Granton, the use of this system is comparatively more suitable for plants growing, in which the use of a nutrient-rich water solution surround the plant roots for its needs whereas artificial medium supports the plants. The GreenUP project has taken forward this system as the productive activity, where urban agriculture meets the living of the people in Granton. Various hydroponics systems are developed to suit the need for residential or commercial use. From this the project would focus on the different scales of urban agriculture to visualise how people can live together with production. In the smallest scales of hydroponics farming, the residents are allowed to plant their own food in front of their homes.

With hydroponics it has been demonstrated that it is possible to cultivate a large number of plants:

Leafy vegetables: lettuce, spinach, bok choy, celery, Swiss chard, basil, coriander Fruits: tomato, pepper, cucumber, eggplant, strawberries, blueberries Roots: carrot, radish, turnip, beet Tubers and bulbs: potato, onion, garlic Other Aromatic, medicinal and ornamental plants.

Type of plants

Container + the nutrient solution

Type of plants

Container + the nutrient solution

Type of plants

Container + the nutrient solution


ii. The Input Different substrates are appropriate for different techniques to support the plant. Rice Husks Perlite Expanded Aggregate Vermiculite

Type of Plants




6.0 - 7.0



5.5 - 6.5



6.0 - 7.0



5.5 – 6.5

cool to warm


5.5 – 6.0



6.0 – 7.0

cool to warm






warm to hot


5.5 – 6.5



5.5 – 6.5






4.5 – 6.0



5.5 – 6.0

warm to hot


Soil (kg/ acre)

Hydroponics (kg/acre)




Source: Green and Vibrant

Gravel Wood Fibre Clay Sheep Wool Rock Wool Coconut Coir

The nutrients solution is a key part in hydroponics, which needs to have the essential as well as beneficial elements for plant growth, such as: ` Nitrogen Potassium Phosphorus Calcium Magnesium

Sulfur Iron Zinc Copper Manganese

Boron Nickel Chlorine Aluminium Silicon

The concentration of the nutrients solution can vary, but most are mixed to have concentrations between 1,000 and 2,500 ppm.


The end of a wicking material such as cotton is placed in the nutrient solution, which allows capillary action of the nutrients to the roots of the plants. The simple set-up does not require any pumps or elaborate drainage systems.

Advantage: Cheap, simple set-up Disadvantage: Due to the slow rate of nutrients delivery, larger and fruity plants are not well suited.

Only suitable for small-scale home planting (herbs and leafy vegetables)

Nutrient Film Technique

Plants are suspended in plastic baskets and sometimes small rockwool cubes over long tubes or trays. Nutrient solution flows through the tubes onto the plants’ roots and then drains back into the reservoir.

Advantage: Absence of tiny drip lines or timers which may cause problems, and individual plants can be removed and replaced without disturbing the rest of the system. Disadvantage: Any system failure or power interruption leaves the roots vulnerable to rapid drying.

Suitable for home planting and commercial greenhouse. Smaller, quick growing plants (such as lettuce).


Plants are generally placed in a small basket with clay pebbles, and then into a large lightproof tank which does not have contain growing media. Plant roots are suspended in the air and misted with nutrient solution using a fine spray nozzle or a pond fogger. A Teflon coated disc pond fogger should be utilised to reduce the amount of maintenance.

Advantage: Ideal for cooler climates, help facilitate explosive growth and thus earlier finishing times under correct conditions. Disadvantage: Difficulty in ensuring the even mist sprays to the plant roots.

Suitable for home planting and commercial greenhouse. (suitable for any plants).

Ebb and Flow

The system is set up with two flow regulators with one connected to pump and one to release the flow of nutrients. The growing area are flooded with the nutrient solution at specific intervals, and the nutrients solution then slowly drains back into the reservoir. This feed routine should occur for a total of 15 minutes every 2 to 3 hours.

Advantage: Little maintenance, efficient plant production with little electricity or water use. Disadvantage: Intermediate level in difficulty to set up

Suitable for home planting and commercial greenhouse. Ideal for plants that are accustomed to periods of dryness

Drip Irrigation

A system of hoses and drip lines takes nutrient to each individual plant. Plants are usually rooted in a fairly solid medium to prevent clogging of lines.

Advantage: Improved water efficiency and higher level of control over the amount of water and nutrients supplied to the plants. Disadvantage: High cost and maintenance.

Suitable for home planting and commercial greenhouse. Larger plants that need to grow for an extended period of time before harvest.

Deepwater Culture

Roots are suspended in a nutrient solution and an aquarium air pump oxygenates the nutrient solution.

Advantage: Faster growth rate, little moving parts and assembly, low maintenance Disadvantage: High fluctuation of pH, water level and nutrient concentrations in small systems, difficult to maintain a consistent water temperature

Suitable for home planting and commercial greenhouse. Suitable for plants with large roots or ones that grow fruits (such as tomatoes, cucumbers and peppers).

iii. Other requirements Lighting Short day plants: These require a long period of darkness to photosynthesize and produce flowers. If they are exposed to over 12 hours of light per day, they will not flower. Poinsettias, strawberries, cauliflower, and chrysanthemums are short-day plants. The short-day cycle mimics the environment in nature for plants the flower in the spring. Long day plants: These require up to 18 hours of sunlight per day. They include wheat, lettuce, potatoes, spinach, and turnips. The long-day cycle mimics the natural environment of summer-flowering plants. Day-neutral plants: These are the most flexible. They produce fruit no matter how much light they are exposed to. Some examples include rice, eggplant, roses, and corn. source: The Spruce

II. The Commercial Planting Process i. Nursery Operations

ii. The Greenhouse

iii. Harvesting

iv. Post-Harvesting

Nursery operations such as plant Greenhouses with climate control Automated harvesting using harvest Food processing and packaging as well systems, data capture (drones and robots. spacing and seeding as storage space to be distributed. sensors), LED lighting as well as water and energy management. Processes such as grafting, pruning and thinning occur.

v. The Distribution

Packing and/or Processing Plant

Distribution Centre and/or Wholesale Market

Grocery Store



III. The Scales of Hydroponics The hydroponic system typically utilises different containers for home use or hydroponic beds for large scale production: i. Hydroponic Beds Hydroponic beds can be considered analogous to soil in an open field. They supply water and nutrients to the plant roots and structurally support the plants. In a plant factory, hydroponic systems without any soil are used because they support faster growth, avoid injury from continuous cropping, prevent contamination from soil or sand, and are suitable for mechanisation. Other considerations can be assembled together with an inclination or as a combination of small separated beds with a length of 1–2m, and a 1–3% incline is needed to allow the nutrient solution to flow in long beds, whereas no incline is needed when the bed length is shorter than 5m. These advantages fit the aim of a plant factory of producing very safe vegetables in short growing periods under clean conditions. DFT beds are assembled from molded polystyrene forms covered with polyethylene sheets to keep the nutrient solution at a 3–10cm depth in the beds. The length of a bed is 20–30m. NFT beds can be assembled either in a similar way to DFT beds or as a combination of small separated beds with a length of 1–2m. Though a 1–3% incline is needed to allow the nutrient solution to flow in long beds, no incline is needed when the bed length is shorter than about 5m.

ii. Multilayer Racks The number of shelf layers is determined by the height needed between shelves. Height of interval shelves is determined by the height of the plants. 20cm based on examination of plants with 90g fresh weight, which is a general harvest size. For example,15 shelves in a 7m high room (7m ÷15 shelves) allowed determination of the interval of the shelves as 40cm. Domestic

single bed 1-2m

assembled horizontally

iii. The Greenhouse


stacked vertically

assembled horizontally + stacked vertically

0.4m shelves interval

For a large-scale production, a warehouse of at least 2,000m2 is needed for production of 12,000 heads of lettuce per day (source from: Fuji Farm). For GreenUP building, it is proposed that the large scale production greenhouse spreads horizontally on the ground, with a multi-storey height for vertical stacking hydroponic towers.

IV. Scales and Product

i. UK’s average consumption of vegetables



warm to hot


5.5 – 6.5



5.5 – 6.5






4.5 – 6.0



5.5 – 6.0

warm to hot


Soil (kg/ acre)

Hydroponics (kg/acre)





























4540 - 9100

54500 - 272200



ii. The crop yield of hydroponics and traditional agriculture


Source: uPonics

The hydroponics crop yield could be significantly greater than the traditional methods if the factors such as lighting, water and temperature are fulfilled. The most compelling advantages associated with hydroponics - grown crops is the independency to the weather and the year round growing season means food production the whole year. This in turns, increase the reliablity of the food source. Source: Statista

iii. Crop Yield Factor The hydroponics crop yield could be further increased by allowing higher plant density through the following ways: - closer together than in soil - grown vertically as opposed to horizontally - in layers - with lesser walking space in between rows Overall, the plant density can be increased by a factor of 4x to 16x with hydroponics.

To give an estimation of the food provision...... Lettuce Consumption: 47 grams per person per week Crop yield: 41kg/m2/year (0.85kg/m2/week) *1m2 of hydroponics can provide lettuce consumption of 18 persons

total crop yield = crop yield for one layer x 4

Tomato Consumption: 84 grams per person per week Crop yield: 194kg/m2/year (4.06kg/m2/week) *1m2 of hydroponics can provide tomato consumption of 48 persons

V. The Case Studies i. VertiCrop

ii. Cubic Farm

The VertiCrop system consists of a series of mechanical plastic trays stacked 8 levels high, and can be placed on urban rooftops and other tight spaces. They contain vegetables and herbs that are grown hydroponically with just 8% of the water and 5% of the space required by standard farms. Energy efficient LED lights are on standby to supplement waning natural light when necessary.

The Cubic Farm growing machine works on the conveyor rotation method, automated nutrient delivery system and LED lighting. The machines used for growing crops create an optimal environment for the greens. It also uses 1/26 of the amount of water that is utilized in traditional agriculture, thus making it sustainable.

source: VertiCrop - climate controlled - easy management: 3 people for 370m2 of plants and 370m2 of germinating, harvesting, and packing space - production: up to 10,000 plants every 3 days

The patented Dutch Cubic Farming system entirely eliminates risks of common farming to standardize the outputs by controlling the inputs. This, in turn, means a steady and more predictable income in addition to more consistency in the size, taste, and color of the produce. It also promises a longer shelf life and higher nutritional content for the greens. source: CubicFarm Systems Corp - shorter production cycles (5-21 days) - produces 1,900+ heads of lettuce weekly

iii. Sky Greens Vertical Farming System – The world’s first low carbon hydraulic commercial farming system Sky Greens patented vertical farming system consists of rotating tiers of growing troughs mounted on a A-shape aluminium frame. The frame can be as high as 9 meter tall with 38 tiers of growing troughs, which can accommodate the different growing media of soil or hydroponics.  The troughs rotate around the aluminium frame to ensure that the plants receive  uniform sunlight, irrigation and nutrients as they pass through different points in the structure. The plants at the bottom receive water, while the ones at the top get sunlight and the process continues. This approach minimizes the use of water, land, and energy over the conventional farming techniques. source: Sky Greens

- modular aluminium and steel structures which are highly customisable and scalable for different crops, growing media and natural conditions. - intensified land use for 10 times for yield per unit land area

03 The Design Proposal I. Granton and the City i. The Design Narrative ii. Typological Explorations iii. Urban Strategy II. GreenUP: Integrating Scales of Urban Agriculture III. The Urban Facade IV. The Programmes: Residents, Visitors and Neighbourhood Resident V. ‘Living’ and Working as Part of Exhibition VI: GreenUP: Environmental Strategy

I. Granton and the city: The Design Narrative

The Commmercial

Seedlings pickup & storage

Seeds germination

The Residential

The Local Business



by residents

by staff

Other facilities + Greenhouse Cultivation

Community Gardening by neighbouring residents

“The Community Hub�

Food harvesting

Culinary workshops

Preparation & Consumption



visitors experience

Processing and packaging GreenUP market


Materials dropoff

The Pedestrian

The Vehicle

Materials Pickup

Edinburgh city centre

I. Granton and the city: The Typological Explorations

THE EXISTING BUILDING The site is mostly surrounded by residential buildings, and the Madelvic car factory exists as one of the industrial identity of the site.

INTRUDING THE PAST The proposal includes the site boundary of Madelvic car factory as the new production site, to create a connection to the historical production.

THE ATRIUM The dense housing units require a design which allows all residents and the users of the building to get as much sunlight as required. The central part wrapped by the housings are a large atrium space, where different activities happen.

THE FORM OF THE ROOF The roof form of the atrium and the residential blocks follow the greenhouse roof form, forming an urban facade perspective to the main street.

PUBLIC VS. PRIVATE The housing units are arranged on the upper floors, whereas the ground and first floors are mixed-use spaces.

THE PUBLIC SPACE The proposal includes the addition of outdoor and semioutdoor public spaces where nearby residents could gather and socialise.

I. Granton and the city: Urban Strategy

Granton Waterfront Development Framework Near the Waterfront area, a series of new pedestrian friendly urban spaces, commercial areas as well as housings are proposed in the framework. GreenUP adds to the masterplan by proposing a series of public spaces.

The New Community Hub GreenUP serves as the new community hub which provides mixed-use activities for all users. The vibrant internal environment propose the integration of work, live and social.

Possible future development area The proposal of the GreenUP does not obstruct views and lighting of the area, which enables new development on this site.

II. GreenUP: Integrating Scales of Urban Agriculture


Small Scale

Intermediate Scale

Large Scale



Community Allotment

Small Scale

The Public

04 05

The main building is located on the empty site along the main street, opposite to the existing residential blocks. The loading and unloading of the materials happen at the back of the building to avoid disturbance to the main street.

Right: Location Plan1:4000


The Production Line 1. Large scale production greenhouse 2. Staff office/control room 3. Corridor (staff only) 4. Nursery room 5. Seedlings storage 6. Packaging, processing and storage 7. Truck pick up/loading 8. Sheltered public space The Atrium 9. Reception 10. Workshops 11. Flexible use pods 12. Neighbourhood allotment 13. Conference hall 14. Office 15. Residential lobby 16. Cafe 17. One stop shop 18. Market 19. Outdoor seating with landscape

Ground Floor Plan 1:800 0




2 17


12 16

15 9 11


8 4




6 15

14 12

10 3 7

20. Restaurant 21. Kitchen 22. Small-scale production for restaurant 23. Open exhibition 24. Gym


22 20 21 24

First Floor Plan 1:800 0




25. Residential balcony overlooking atrium 26. Family-type flat 27. Studio 28. Communal area 29. Corridor with balcony on atrium side

28 26 29

26 29

29 27

Typical Residential Floor Plan 1:800 0




Lettuce Consumption: 47 grams per person per week Crop yield: 41kg/m2/year (0.85kg/m2/week) *1m2 of hydroponics can provide lettuce consumption of 18 persons

Lettuce Consumption

Tomato Consumption: 84 grams per person per week Crop yield: 194kg/m2/year (4.06kg/m2/week) *1m2 of hydroponics can provide tomato consumption of 48 persons

01 Smallest scale (balcony) Production: 3m2 Supplying to: 54 person per week

12 11 10

02 9 7


Smallest scale (communal terrace) Production: 310m2 Supplying to: 5,580 person per week

03 Smallest scale (communal terrace) Production: 5.2m2 Supplying to: 93.6 person per week


04 Intermediate Scale (Restaurant) Production: 40m2 Supplying to: 720 person per week



05 4


1 1. Large scale Greenhouse 2. Sheltered public space 3. Processing, packaging and storage 4. Nursery room 5. Restaurant and mezzanine floor 6. The atrium - workshops on ground floor 7. Flexible use pods 8. Neighbourhood allotment on ground floor 9. Market hub 10. Terrace overlooking the atrium 11. Balcony with hydroponics beds 12. Dwellings


Largest Scale (Greenhouse) Production: approximately 1,500m2 but with 10 layers of hydroponics beds, which means 15,000 m2 Supplying to: 270,000 person per week

GreenUP can supply all residents with fresh fruits and vegetables, and the remaining can be supplied to the rest of the city.

III. The Urban Facade The choice of the material palette is based on the existing fabric of the Madelvic car factory, which is engineering brick with sandstone facing on some parts. The bay window is another characteristic, and the facade of the building seeks a continuity in the visual appearance, and therefore uses similar material for the housing blocks. The atrium, on the other hand, follows the greenhouse typology of lightness and transparency, which adds a contrasting architectural identity to the space, signifying two different productions of the past and the present, as well as the living and productive activity happening in the building.

Elevation 1:400





The different scales of the hydroponics are integrated, where the residents and visitors share the same large atrium space, while still offering certain degree of privacy to the inhabitation.

Section 1:400

IV. The Programmes: Resident A

Public Private Dwellings To work Leisure



Pick some vegetables

Back to home for food preparation

Walking down the stairs

Visiting friend’s house


Going down (via lift)

Going down (via lift)

Attending workshop

IV. The Programmes: Resident B

Walking pet dog

Passing through atrium Picking self-grown vegetables Going down (via lift)

Going down (via lift) Walking pet dog

Vegetables sold to the GreenUP market

IV. The Programmes: Saltire Square Resident Public Private Leisure Production

Visiting the old and new production Dining in the restaurant Walking up the stairs

Community gardening (hydroponics)

Saltire Square resident

Meeting friends in GreenUP

IV. The Programmes: Visitors Public Private Dwellings Work related Leisure Educational

picking and harvesting own salad leaves in the restaurant

visitor A

viewing the large scale hydroponics food production

walking up the stairs

Attending a conference visiting the introductory exhibition of hydroponics

visitor B

attending workshops

had a view of people working in the office and the community production

visitor C

V. ‘Living’ and Working as part of exhibition The daily life of the GreenUP residents are integrated with urban agriculture. The corridor space serves not only as the circulation, but also to activate the relationship with the activities happening in the atrium. The residents, after working, stop by the balcony to pluck their own fresh vegetables for the day. The ‘living’ of the residents, hence, becomes a part of the exhibition of different scales of urban agriculture.



VI: GreenUP: Environmental Strategy

Rainwater collection

Automated atrium opening for ventilation Sustainable building materials Diffused skylight

Solar panels installed on roof facing south-west

Evening sun from the west

Corridor lit by central atrium

Rainwater collected and stored, water pumped up when needed

Morning sun from the east

Rainwater storage tank for greenhouse and toilet flushing

Rainwater storage tank for greenhouse use

04 The Flexible Living Concept I. The Existing Community in Granton II. The Design Principles: Flexi-Dwelling III. Flexi-Dwelling Prototype IV: The Final Proposal for GreenUP Living

I. The Existing Community in Granton The demographic data shows that 36% of the population are betweent the ages of 35-64, and 11%of the population are above 65, which suggests that Granton may have elderly population as the main age group in the near future. The data also showed that more than 30% of the population live alone in Granton, whereas 61% of the household types are one-family household, with no child or one and more children. The dwelling prototypes explore how the dwelling could be flexible in terms of accommodating to different types of household through the central theme of ‘flexi-dwelling’. Besides that, the need to propose a new development which encourages and facilitates social integration is therefore considered vital to combat the social isolation and fragmentation within the area.

Age Group 0 to 15: 20% 16 to 34: 33% 35 to 64: 36% 65 plus: 11%

Household style One Person Household: 31% One Family Household: 61% Other Household: 8%

Children number No children: 50% One child: 30% Two children: 15% Three children: 5%

II. The Design Principles: Flexi-Dwelling The Plan The typical plan is designed to maximise the flexible space in the house, where the ‘constant’ spaces are fixed within a minimised area. The ‘constant’ includes the kitchen, sleeping space and bathroom. Design for flexibility The dwellings use the moving or folding components, where the space is multi-functional and could be transformed according to needs. The internal walls of the dwellings are non-loadbearing to adapt to future alterations to suit the potentially changing households.



flexible furniture

fixed furntiture

III. Flexi-Dwelling Prototype: The Studio The prototype proposes a plan which can adapt to different functional activities by allocating minimum area for the constant such as kitchen, bathroom and sleeping area. This therefore allows more than half of the total area of the studio to be flexible. constant: kitchen, shower, sleep

On a weekday, the resident can transform the space according to the preferred activities such as reading, eating and working.

At night, the owner sleeps in the sconstant’ sleeping space. The furniture accommodates extra people when there is a need.

On a weekend, the owner can invite neighbours to the studio for social activities.

III. Flexi-Dwelling Prototype: The Family Unit The prototype proposes a plan which can be divided and combined with the communal area during different time.

door 1 door 2 only one door is open to communal area

only one door is open to communal area

both door are open to communal area





The moving, folding and sliding components are used to transform spaces. The form of the space becomes fluid - can be changed according to mood.


IV. Final Proposal for GreenUP Living The final dwelling plans utilise the similar concept as the prototypes, where the constant spaces are kept to the minimum and the addition of modular furniture which can be modified and altered based on users’ need to transform the space.




amily unit


References CubicFarms. “Fresh Produce.” Accessed May 9th, 2020. https://cubicfarms.com/ fresh-produce/. Granton History. “Introduction to Granton History.” Accessed April 28, 2020. http://www.grantonhistory.org/introduction/introduction.htm?LMCL=pxm3Ma. Green and Vibrant. “ The Best Easiest Plants (Vegetables, Herbs, and Fruits) That Can Be Hydroponically Grown.” Accessed May 10, 2020. https://www. greenandvibrant.com/hydroponic-plants. Inhabitat. “VertiCrop Processes 10,000 Plants Every 3 Days Using Vertical Hydroponic Farming.” Accessed May 9th, 2020. https://inhabitat.com/verticropprocesses-10000-plants-every-3-days-using-vertical-hydroponic-farming/. Sky Greens. “Sky Greens Vertical Farming System – The world’s first low carbon hydraulic commercial farming system.” Accessed May 9th, 2020. http://www. skygreens.com/technology/. The Spruce. “The Basics of Hydroponic Lighting.” Accessed May 10, 2020. https:// www.thespruce.com/hydroponic-lighting-basics-1939224. uPONICS. “Hydroponics Yield.” Accessed May 9th, 2020. https://uponics.com/ hydroponics-yield/.

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GreenUP: Living and Working in Granton