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PHIT-1011AB0025 PHIT-1011AB0025

Small Heath Health Profile 2010 This report gives a brief overview of the health of the people of Small Heath. Full data tables are posted on the Birmingham Health and Wellbeing Partnership website here. For full information on the calculations used to determine figures in this document, please refer to the Technical Guidance. The sources of original data used for calculations in this report are listed at the end of this document. Throughout this document, where a priority neighbourhood average is referred to, this is the combined figure for all 25 priority neighbourhoods and 6 clusters.

Key Points Small Heath has a young population compared to Birmingham overall The area is primarily made up of South Asian communities with high health needs Life expectancy is similar to the Birmingham average. However self reported health status is worse Fewer people die young in Small Heath than Birmingham on average. The main contributors in the neighbourhood are: stroke and circulatory diseases Mortality rates are similar to the Birmingham average, whilst admission rates are much higher

Authors Andrew Baker Mohan Singh Irena Begaj

Department Leads Iris FermĂ­n (Head of Information and Intelligence) Jim McManus (Joint Director of Public Health)


Population Structure Around 23,900 people live in Small Heath; there are 99 men to every 100 women, which is close to the Birmingham average of 97 men to every 100 women.1 Figure 1 - Population Structure of Birmingham and Neighbourhood 2008

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Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team

Small Heath has a much younger age structure than Birmingham on average. Small Heath has a larger proportion of those under 30 but a smaller proportion than Birmingham on average of those in older age groups.


Health Clusters Figure 2 - Map of Neighbourhood showing Health Clusters

Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team, Cluster Summaries

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Small Heath is mostly made up of: •

South Asian communities with high health needs

The neighbourhood also contains groups of • •

Very mixed ethnicities with unhealthy lifestyles Those on benefits dependency; with high numbers of alcohol attributable admissions


Life Expectancy Figure 3 - Male Life Expectancy 2001 to 2008

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Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team

Figure 4 - Female Life Expectancy 2001 to 2008

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Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team


Figure 5 - All Person Life Expectancy 2001 to 2008

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Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team

Life expectancy for Small Heath has increased since 2001 but less than the Birmingham average and the priority neighbourhoods average and is now below the Birmingham average. Male life expectancy has increased since 2001 and now is close to the Birmingham average. Female life expectancy is roughly the same as in 2001, whilst the Birmingham average and priority neighbourhoods average have increased meaning Small Heath is in a worse position comparatively.


Years of Life Lost Years of life lost (YLL) is a measure of premature mortality (Under 75). Its primary purpose is to compare the relative importance of different causes of premature death within a particular population and it can therefore be used by health planners to define priorities for the prevention of such deaths. It can also be used to compare the premature mortality experience of different populations for a particular cause of death. The concept of YLL is to estimate the length of time a person would have lived had they not died prematurely. By including the age at which the death occurs, rather than just the fact of its occurrence, the calculation is an attempt to better quantify the burden, or impact, on society from the specified cause of mortality. Infant deaths are omitted, as they are mostly a result of causes specific to this age period and have different causes to deaths later in life. Figure 6 shows the values of years of life lost for multiple causes for Small Heath, the priority neighbourhoods average and the Birmingham average. This is expressed as a rate per 10,000 population, which is shown as a number on the chart. These are then plotted to show the proportional contribution of this disease to the total, represented by the width of the bars. Figure 6 - Years of Life Lost (2006-2008)

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Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team

Small Heath has a higher proportion of years of life lost from stroke and other circulatory diseases.


Health Summary Table

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Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team – Table Produced using West Midlands Public Health Observatory Spine Chart Creator

DSRs – Directly Standardised Rates above are expressed per 100,000 population, details in Technical Guidance.


The health of residents of Small Heath is on the whole worse than the Birmingham average. This encompasses a variety of lifestyle indicators, including self-reported health, childhood obesity and smoking. The percentage of those reporting a long-term limiting illness is actually significantly lower than the Birmingham average but this may be explained by the young age structure of the neighbourhood. Mortality rates are similar to the Birmingham average, whilst admission rates are much higher. The main contributors to high admission rates are coronary heart disease, circulatory diseases, breast cancer, stroke and smoking-attributable diseases.

Sources 1. Office for National Statistics (ONS) – Mid-Year Population Estimates 2008 2. Links to Cluster Summaries and Methodology may be found in the Technical Guidance or from here 3. Life Expectancy data is derived from Mortality data and Population data; both supplied by the Office for National Statistics, details are given in the Technical Guidance 4. Years of Life Lost is calculated from Mortality data supplied by the Office for National Statistics 5. Indicator Types used in Health Summary Table Indicator Type

Life Expectancy

Self Reported Health / Long Term Limiting Illness

Childhood Obesity

Low Birth Weight

Admissions

Mortality

Data Source

Year

ONS, Annual Mortality Extract and Population Estimates

2006-2008

Census

2001

National Child Measurement Programme

2006/07 – 2008/09

ONS Annual Births Data

2008

Hospital Episode Statistics / ONS Population Estimates

2007/08

ONS, Annual Mortality Extract and Population Estimates

2006-2008


Priority Neighbourhood Health Profiles 2010 - Small Heath  

Mortality rates are similar to the Birmingham average, whilst admission rates are much higher Life expectancy is similar to the Birmingham a...

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