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PHIT-1011AB0021 PHIT-1011AB0021

Northfield Cluster Health Profile 2010 This report gives a brief overview of the health of the people of Northfield Cluster. Full data tables are posted on the Birmingham Health and Wellbeing Partnership website here. For full information on the calculations used to determine figures in this document, please refer to the Technical Guidance. The sources of original data used for calculations in this report are listed at the end of this document. Throughout this document, where a priority neighbourhood average is referred to, this is the combined figure for all 25 priority neighbourhoods and 6 clusters.

Key Points Northfield Cluster has a similar age of population compared to Birmingham overall The area is made up of a variety of community groups Life expectancy is worse than the Birmingham average, along with self reported long term limiting illnesses Slightly more people die young in Northfield Cluster than Birmingham on average, mostly from: chronic liver disease including cirrhosis, coronary heart disease, lung cancer and other cancers Mortality rates and admission rates are similar to the Birmingham average

Authors Andrew Baker Mohan Singh Irena Begaj

Department Leads Iris FermĂ­n (Head of Information and Intelligence) Jim McManus (Joint Director of Public Health)


Population Structure Around 8,600 people live in Northfield Cluster; there are 87 men to every 100 women, which is close to the Birmingham average of 97 men to every 100 women.1 Figure 1 - Population Structure of Birmingham and Neighbourhood 2008

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Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team

Northfield Cluster has a similar age structure to Birmingham on average. However there is a lower proportion of those in their twenties and thirties.


Health Clusters Figure 2 - Map of Neighbourhood showing Health Clusters

Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team, Cluster Summaries

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Northfield Cluster is quite a mixed area; it is made up of three main groups of people: • • •

Lower-level housing and smoking problems Lower taxation band Those on benefits dependency; with high numbers of alcohol attributable admissions


Life Expectancy Figure 3 - Male Life Expectancy 2001 to 2008

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Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team

Figure 4 - Female Life Expectancy 2001 to 2008

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Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team


Figure 5 - All Person Life Expectancy 2001 to 2008

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Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team

Life expectancy for Northfield Cluster has increased since 2001 and appears to now be slightly above the Priority Neighbourhoods average. Male life expectancy has increased since 2001 and is now higher than the priority neighbourhoods average. Female life expectancy has decreased since 2001 and is now lower than both the priority neighbourhoods average and the Birmingham average.


Years of Life Lost Years of life lost (YLL) is a measure of premature mortality (Under 75). Its primary purpose is to compare the relative importance of different causes of premature death within a particular population and it can therefore be used by health planners to define priorities for the prevention of such deaths. It can also be used to compare the premature mortality experience of different populations for a particular cause of death. The concept of YLL is to estimate the length of time a person would have lived had they not died prematurely. By including the age at which the death occurs, rather than just the fact of its occurrence, the calculation is an attempt to better quantify the burden, or impact, on society from the specified cause of mortality. Infant deaths are omitted, as they are mostly a result of causes specific to this age period and have different causes to deaths later in life. Figure 6 shows the values of years of life lost for multiple causes for Northfield Cluster, the priority neighbourhoods average and the Birmingham average. This is expressed as a rate per 10,000 population, which is shown as a number on the chart. These are then plotted to show the proportional contribution of this disease to the total, represented by the width of the bars. Figure 6 - Years of Life Lost (2006-2008)

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Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team

Northfield Cluster has a higher proportion of years of life lost from chronic liver disease including cirrhosis, coronary heart disease, lung cancer and other cancers. The neighbourhood loses less lives proportionally overall from breast cancer and circulatory diseases.


Health Summary Table

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Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team – Table Produced using West Midlands Public Health Observatory Spine Chart Creator

DSRs – Directly Standardised Rates above are expressed per 100,000 population, details in Technical Guidance.


The health of residents of Northfield Cluster is on the whole similar to the Birmingham average. However the percentage of people reporting a limiting long term illness is significantly higher. Both mortality rates and admission rates are similar to the Birmingham average. Overall cancers have a significantly lower admission rate, whilst alcohol-attributable diseases have a significantly admission rate.

Sources 1. Office for National Statistics (ONS) – Mid-Year Population Estimates 2008 2. Links to Cluster Summaries and Methodology may be found in the Technical Guidance or from here 3. Life Expectancy data is derived from Mortality data and Population data; both supplied by the Office for National Statistics, details are given in the Technical Guidance 4. Years of Life Lost is calculated from Mortality data supplied by the Office for National Statistics 5. Indicator Types used in Health Summary Table Indicator Type

Life Expectancy

Self Reported Health / Long Term Limiting Illness

Childhood Obesity

Low Birth Weight

Admissions

Mortality

Data Source

Year

ONS, Annual Mortality Extract and Population Estimates

2006-2008

Census

2001

National Child Measurement Programme

2006/07 – 2008/09

ONS Annual Births Data

2008

Hospital Episode Statistics / ONS Population Estimates

2007/08

ONS, Annual Mortality Extract and Population Estimates

2006-2008

Priority Neighbourhood Health Profiles 2010 - Northfield Cluster  

Andrew Baker Iris Fermín (Head of Information and Intelligence) Mohan Singh Jim McManus (Joint Director of Public Health) Irena Begaj Life e...