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PHIT-1011AB0019 PHIT-1011AB0019

North Nechells, Bloomsbury and Duddeston Health Profile 2010 This report gives a brief overview of the health of the people of North Nechells, Bloomsbury and Duddeston. Full data tables are posted on the Birmingham Health and Wellbeing Partnership website here. For full information on the calculations used to determine figures in this document, please refer to the Technical Guidance. The sources of original data used for calculations in this report are listed at the end of this document. Throughout this document, where a priority neighbourhood average is referred to, this is the combined figure for all 25 priority neighbourhoods and 6 clusters.

Key Points North Nechells, Bloomsbury and Duddeston has a young population compared to Birmingham overall The area is made up of multicultural, mixed communities with crime and health problems Life expectancy is much worse than the Birmingham average, along with self reported health status and long term limiting illnesses More people die young in North Nechells, Bloomsbury and Duddeston than Birmingham on average, mostly from: chronic liver disease including cirrhosis, suicide and injury undetermined and stroke Mortality rates and admission rates are higher than the Birmingham average

Authors Andrew Baker Mohan Singh Irena Begaj

Department Leads Iris FermĂ­n (Head of Information and Intelligence) Jim McManus (Joint Director of Public Health)


Population Structure Around 8,700 people live in North Nechells, Bloomsbury and Duddeston; there are 92 men to every 100 women, which is close to the Birmingham average of 97 men to every 100 women.1 Figure 1 - Population Structure of Birmingham and Neighbourhood 2008

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Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team

North Nechells, Bloomsbury and Duddeston has a younger age structure than Birmingham on average. There is a large proportion of young children and those in their early twenties.


Health Clusters Figure 2 - Map of Neighbourhood showing Health Clusters

Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team, Cluster Summaries

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North Nechells, Bloomsbury and Duddeston is made up of one main group: •

Multicultural, mixed communities with crime and health problems

The area also contains the following groups: • •

Educated youths Multicultural communities with heavy cardiovascular disease needs


Life Expectancy Figure 3 - Male Life Expectancy 2001 to 2008

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Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team

Figure 4 - Female Life Expectancy 2001 to 2008

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Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team


Figure 5 - All Person Life Expectancy 2001 to 2008

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Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team

Life expectancy for North Nechells, Bloomsbury and Duddeston is significantly lower than both the Birmingham and priority neighbourhoods average. The gap also appears to have increased slightly since 2001. Male life expectancy appears to have improved since 2001 but the gap to the priority neighbourhoods average and the Birmingham average does not appear to have changed and the neighbourhood is still significantly worse. Female life expectancy has decreased slightly since 2001 and the gap to the priority neighbourhoods average and the Birmingham average has increased.


Years of Life Lost Years of life lost (YLL) is a measure of premature mortality (Under 75). Its primary purpose is to compare the relative importance of different causes of premature death within a particular population and it can therefore be used by health planners to define priorities for the prevention of such deaths. It can also be used to compare the premature mortality experience of different populations for a particular cause of death. The concept of YLL is to estimate the length of time a person would have lived had they not died prematurely. By including the age at which the death occurs, rather than just the fact of its occurrence, the calculation is an attempt to better quantify the burden, or impact, on society from the specified cause of mortality. Infant deaths are omitted, as they are mostly a result of causes specific to this age period and have different causes to deaths later in life. Figure 6 shows the values of years of life lost for multiple causes for North Nechells, Bloomsbury and Duddeston, the priority neighbourhoods average and the Birmingham average. This is expressed as a rate per 10,000 population, which is shown as a number on the chart. These are then plotted to show the proportional contribution of this disease to the total, represented by the width of the bars. Figure 6 - Years of Life Lost (2006-2008)

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Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team

North Nechells, Bloomsbury and Duddeston has a higher proportion of years of life lost from chronic liver disease including cirrhosis, suicide and injury undetermined and stroke. The neighbourhood loses less lives proportionally overall from accidents, breast cancer, lung cancer and other cancers.


Health Summary Table

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Source: Birmingham Public Health Information Team – Table Produced using West Midlands Public Health Observatory Spine Chart Creator

DSRs – Directly Standardised Rates above are expressed per 100,000 population, details in Technical Guidance.


The health of residents of North Nechells, Bloomsbury and Duddeston is on the whole worse than the Birmingham average. This encompasses a variety of lifestyle indicators, including self-reported health, long term limiting illness and smoking and alcohol use. Mortality rates are much higher than the Birmingham average with many diseases coming close to the worst end of the scale when compared to other priority neighbourhoods. Admission rates are also higher than the Birmingham average, with smoking-attributable diseases contributing the most to this.

Sources 1. Office for National Statistics (ONS) – Mid-Year Population Estimates 2008 2. Links to Cluster Summaries and Methodology may be found in the Technical Guidance or from here 3. Life Expectancy data is derived from Mortality data and Population data; both supplied by the Office for National Statistics, details are given in the Technical Guidance 4. Years of Life Lost is calculated from Mortality data supplied by the Office for National Statistics 5. Indicator Types used in Health Summary Table Indicator Type

Life Expectancy

Self Reported Health / Long Term Limiting Illness

Childhood Obesity

Low Birth Weight

Admissions

Mortality

Data Source

Year

ONS, Annual Mortality Extract and Population Estimates

2006-2008

Census

2001

National Child Measurement Programme

2006/07 – 2008/09

ONS Annual Births Data

2008

Hospital Episode Statistics / ONS Population Estimates

2007/08

ONS, Annual Mortality Extract and Population Estimates

2006-2008

Priority Neighbourhood Health Profiles 2010 - North Nechells, Bloomsbury and Duddeston  

North Nechells, Bloomsbury and Duddeston has a young population compared to Birmingham overall Andrew Baker Iris Fermín (Head of Information...

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