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he eabod y Robert S. Peabody

Museum of Archaeology

2014 — 2015 Annual Report


Museum Staff

Ryan J. Wheeler, PhD, Director Lindsay A. Randall, Curator of Education Bonnie K. Sousa, Senior Collections Manager and Registrar Marla L. Taylor, Collections Manager Lesley A. Shahbazian, Administrative Assistant

Peabody Advisory Committee Daniel H. Sandweiss ’75, PhD, Chair Heather Dunbar Lucas ’88, Vice-Chair Barbara Callahan, Secretary Elizabeth Artz Beim ’58, P’88 Meg Conkey, PhD Marcelle A. Doheny, P’18 Jeremiah C. Hagler, PhD, P’16 Peter T. Hetzler, MD ’72, P’10 Bruno D.V. Marino, PhD ’73 Tristin Moone ’10 James B. Richardson III, PhD Kuni S. Schmertzler, P’05, ’07 Abigail Seldin ’05 Donny Slater, PhD

Peabody Collections Oversight Committee Emerson W. “Tad” Baker II, PhD ’76 Elizabeth Artz Beim ’58 Marshall P. Cloyd ’58, P’88, ’95, ’03 Susan Faxon, Addison Gallery of American Art Ramona Peters, Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe James B. Richardson III, PhD Chris Toya, Pueblo of Jemez

Emeriti Members

Marshall P. Cloyd ’58, P’88, ’95, ’03 Rebecca M. Sykes, P’92, ’97, ’01 David Hurst Thomas, PhD

Ex Officio Members

Thomas P. Lockerby, Secretary of the Academy Patricia C. Russell, Dean of Studies, P’11


CONTENTS THE PEABODY VISION 4

A YEAR IN REVIEW: FISCAL YEAR 2014-15

SPECIAL EVENT: PECOS PATHWAYS REUNION

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COLLABORATIVE LEARNING 7 Pueblo Potters Share their work with Andover 8 Summer Session 2014 10 Race and identity in Indian Country 10 Piette Program in France 11 Abbot Independent Scholars 12 Pecos Pathways 2015 13 H.U.A.C.A Project 2015 14 COLLECTIONS STEWARDSHIP 15 Collections to the Classroom: Peabody Museum Online 15 Peabody Collections by the Numbers 15 Research, Scholar Visits and Loans 16 New Loan to Innovation Charter Academy 17 Peabody Library Project 17 Linda S. Cordell Memorial Research Award 19 Work Duty 2014-2015 20 Council on Library and Information Resources 21 Massachusetts State Historical Records Advisory Board Grant 21 Adopt A Drawer Program 22 Peabody Student Symposium 22 Volunteers 2014-2015 23 NAGPRA 24 CAMPUS AND ALUMNI EVENTS 26 Grandparents’ Day 27 Reunion Weekend 27 A Day with Andover 27 Family Weekend 28 Thor Heyerdahl: The Kon-Tiki Man at 100 28 LIBRARIES, ARCHIVES, AND MUSEUMS (LAMS) Monthly LAMs Lunch Series PA LAMs at NEMA and NCSS Conferences

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OUTREACH 30 PARTNERSHIPS 32 Partnerships - Essex Regional Education Forum 32 Meetings and Conferences 32 Massachusetts Archaeological Society-NE Chapter 33 Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California 34 Massachusetts Archaeology Education Consortium (MAECON)35 FEATURED COLLECTION Facsimiles of Mesoamerican Codices 36 SUPPORTING THE MISSION Summary of Giving for Fiscal Year 2015 38 PEABODY MUSEUM PEOPLE Peabody Museum Staff and Volunteers 39 In Memoriam 41


The Peabody Vision The Peabody Museum anchors collaborative learning in its significant archaeology and anthropology collections, embraces Native American voices, and empowers students to engage in cultural discourse.

In 1901, Robert S. Peabody (Class of 1857) established the institution that now bears his name with three goals in mind: to provide space for Phillips Academy student groups (there were few common spaces at the school in his time), to promote the study of archaeology and anthropology at Phillips Academy, and to foster archaeological research. Our 21stcentury vision for the museum has remained true to Robert Peabody’s original idea: a teaching museum dedicated to the faculty and students of Phillips Academy. The strategic plan being developed for fiscal years 2015 through 2020 addresses four major themes: enhancing our collections stewardship, expanding relationships with Native American communities, providing more opportunities for collaborative learning, and developing partnerships that help us share our knowledge and skills with a broader community of educators. At the center of the plan are five core values that characterize the Peabody Museum’s approach to collections, learning, and community engagement.

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Focus on Students

When considering a new or existing program, we ask, “Are students engaged in this endeavor? Do they benefit in some way?” If the answers are “no,” we rethink the project. This is a core approach of community-based archaeology, which seeks to discover how archaeology can serve a community.

Innovation in Collaborative Learning

The strategic plan for fiscal years 2009 through 2013 emphasized that the Peabody should catalyze collaborative learning. The pedagogy of collaborative learning accentuates hands-on learning, project- and problem-based learning, experiential learning, and informed discussion. Research on collaborative learning indicates a direct and positive correlation with psychological wellbeing and self-esteem—characteristics that are emphasized in the Academywide strategic plan.


Decolonizing Practices

Decolonizing museum practices acknowledges the long shadow of psychological and emotional trauma inflicted on Native American communities by archaeological excavations, especially of ancestral human remains and funerary objects. To “decolonize,” we must articulate this and work with Native communities to heal long-open wounds. Decolonizing practices touch all aspects of museum operations, including governance, collections management, interpretation, and education.

Active Care and Management of the Collections

The Peabody’s archives, photographs, and object collections are the cornerstone of our engagement with the curriculum at the Academy and our connection to the broader community of archaeologists, anthropologists, and Native Americans. Activities and practices that improve our physical and intellectual control over collections are paramount.

Value of Anthropological Perspectives

As archaeologists and anthropologists, we recognize that our disciplines have something to offer high school students in terms of cross-cultural perspectives, cultural literacy, and an understanding of the world through non-Western perspectives.

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Special Event: Pecos Pathways Reunion In August 2014—17 years after the program began—Pecos Pathways hosted its first reunion. Participants from Andover who made the trip to Albuquerque, N.M., include Erin Westaway ’01 (Pecos Pathways 2000 and 2001); Jasmine Mitchell ’99 (Pecos Pathways 1998 and 1999) and her mother, Janise Mitchell P’99; Dean of Studies Trish Russell and her husband, Doug Strott; Peabody collections manager Marla Taylor; and Peabody curator of education and Pecos Pathways PA coordinator Lindsay Randall.   The weekend began with a trip on Friday evening to Jemez to see the arrival of the Pecos Bull, an event in which the entire community took part. The people of Pecos Pueblo brought this tradition to Jemez when they moved there in 1838. They also brought other traditions with them, such as the Feast of Porcingula, a reference to the Porziuncola, a small church in the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli, near Assisi, Italy. The Feast of Porcingula is held every August 2, which is the day after the Pecos Bull arrives in Jemez. During the feast, many Jemez community members participate in a Corn Dance and pay their respects at the shrine to Santa María de los Ángeles, while others prepare food for family and friends who stop by their homes.    Twenty-three people attended the official reunion in Albuquerque the following day. Throughout the morning, participants reconnected with one other, their host families, and the adults who worked with them when they were students. It was fun to catch up with everyone and meet one another’s families and children. At the end of the reunion, Brophy Toledo, who has been involved in Pecos Pathways the past few years and has traveled to PA to speak and work with students, presented the Peabody Museum with a beautiful, handpainted rawhide panel that depicts the connections and meanings behind Pecos Pathways. Check the Pecos Pathways Reunion page on Facebook for more pictures!


Collaborative Learning The Peabody Museum widely supported coursework across disciplines during fiscal year 2015. Museum educators taught 99 lessons, serving 34 faculty members and approximately 1,250 students (this number includes students who visited the museum with multiple classes). In winter 2014–2015, Marcelle Doheny taught her new elective, Race and Identity in Indian Country, at the Peabody, drawing heavily on collections and personnel. In spring 2015, Peabody educators participated in the Human Origins course led by Jerry Hagler, instructor in biology and chair of the biology department. The following faculty members utilized the museum during fiscal year 2015: Art: Thayer Zaeder, Therese Zemlin Biology: Willa Abel, Tom Cone, Jerry Hagler, Catherine Kemp, Marc Koolen, Christine Marshall-Walker, Keith Robinson, Trish Russell English: Stephen Kim, Flavia Vidal History and Social Science: Kathy Dalton, Marcelle Doheny, Damany Fisher, Emma Frey, George Heinrichs, Laura Lowry, Mary Mulligan, Elizabeth Monroe, Marisela Ramos, Donald Slater, Frank Tipton Math: Joel Jacob Physics: Mika Latva-Kokko, Caroline Odden Spanish: Mark Cutler, Rachel Hyland, John Maier, Cesar Dominique Moreno, Amanda Washington French: Annabelle Hicks Independent Project: Carlos Hoyt

Faculty Users By Fiscal Year 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

44

23

FY2009

27

27

FY2010

FY2011

32

31

FY2012

FY2013

FY2014

Summary of class modules taught per year 300 250

Class periods/year Class modules taught/year

200 184

150

135

139 100

116

105

99

50 0

43

37

53

66

70

FY2010

FY2011

FY2012

FY2013

FY2014

35 FY2015

7

34

FY2015


Pueblo Potters Share Their Work with Andover

Dominique Toya (Pueblo of Jemez), Nancy Youngblood (Santa Clara Pueblo), Maxine Toya (Pueblo of Jemez), and Sergio Lugo (Santa Clara Pueblo) spent the week of May 17, 2015, on the PA campus sharing their passion for Pueblo pottery with Peabody Museum work duty students and students in the Clay and the Ancestral Pot course taught by art instructor Thayer Zaeder ’83. Dominique and her mom, Maxine, visited us last year and returned with their friends from Santa Clara Pueblo. Dominique and Nancy have collaborated to create pieces that meld their unique approaches to traditional pottery construction, bringing together swirl melon bowls, glistening micaceous slips, carved designs, and blackware firing techniques. Maxine is well known for her ceramic figurines, and Sergio, Nancy’s son, is continuing his family’s long history of traditional pottery making and innovation. Students working with the potters explored techniques and materials used in New Mexico, culminating with Santa Clara black firings and traditional Jemez firings. Conversations during studio work delved into traditional approaches to pottery making, as well as the economics of making and selling Native American art. These artists are well represented at juried competitions, including the Santa Fe Indian Market, where they have been recognized with significant awards.

Left: Dominique Toya inscribing her distinctive swirls on a small pottery vessel, May 2015.

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Summer Session 2014 Students who took part in Summer Session 2014 participated in a variety of classes at the Peabody. Matt Oosting’s Lower School Institute history class visited for an introduction to local archaeology and the challenge of throwing a dart with an atlatl, while Michael Sormrude’s Dynamic Bodies class visited for an encounter with Abbot Academy’s anatomical specimen, the “Prussian mercenary.” And Joel Jacob’s ACE-10 math class visited to explore radiocarbon dating with a hands-on experiment involving melting ice.

Race and Identity in Indian Country: De-colonizing an Exhibit During winter term, 16 students participated in a unique course taught by history instructor Marcelle Doheny, museum collections manager Marla Taylor, and museum curator of education Lindsay Randall. Race and Identity in Indian Country guided students through the complicated and fraught relationship between Native Americans and archaeologists by focusing on scientific racism, government policies, and academia. Students confronted the complicated issues of ownership, responsibility, and power inherent in curating a collection of Native American material.

“Race and Identity was the most unique learning experience that I had at PA.” —Abigail Czito ’15 Heavily utilizing the collections, the students were tasked with presenting the stories in the Peabody’s exhibition with an inclusive voice, emphasizing the point that everyone’s voice matters. The final projects ranged from a full reimagining of the exhibition to tell a single story, to an emphasis on the Peabody’s teaching and classroom units. 10


Piette Program in France “Of all the things that surprised me on this trip, in addition to how much better French supermarkets are compared to American ones, I never thought I would love the archaeological aspect of this trip the way I did.”—Elizabeth Duserick ’16 In June 2015, 12 students and three chaperones ventured across France, traversing diverse geography and traveling through some 40,000 years of human history. Following a whirlwind tour of Paris, the group struck out for Normandy, where they encountered everything from the beauty of Claude Monet’s gardens, to the incredible tale of the Norman conquest of England as told by the Bayeux tapestry, to the bloodshed and horror of WWII. In the Loire Valley, they visited Renaissance castles, including the Château de Chenonceau, the home of Henry II’s mistress, Diane de Poitiers, as well as the Château du Clos Lucé, the final residence of Leonardo da Vinci. In Paris, at the Musée d’archéologie, students got a taste of prehistory that provided an introduction to their time in Sarlat, Les Eyzies, and Ariège in the French Pyrenees, where they toured the Musée National de Préhistoire, decorated caves such as the Rouffignac, Mas d’Azil, and Niaux, and the Parc de la Préhistoire in Tarascon-sur-Ariège. The group reported that they were delighted to spend time with archaeologist Sébastien Lacombe, codirector (with Kathleen Sterling and Meg Conkey) of the excavations of the Magdalenian site Peyre Blanque, who helped them think about decorated caves, survey for archaeological sites in a farmer’s plowed field, and learn how to make their own stone tools. Student projects focused on everything from French street culture to the enigmatic female figurines of the Aurignacian culture from 32,000 years ago. For more on this trip, check out the Piette blog.


EJ Kim ’15 and Sina Golkari ’15, Abbot Independent Scholars Sina Golkari ’15 and EJ Kim ’15 first encountered Abbot Academy’s 19th-century anatomical specimen in Biology 580. They were fascinated by the story that the skeleton represented the mortal remains of a Revolutionary War mercenary, shot for desertion by the British and landing first in the possession of a Vermont physician and ultimately in the possession of Abbot Academy. In fall 2014, Sina and EJ embarked on a quest that melded traditional techniques of physical anthropology, history, and genetics to create an “osteobiography” of the so-called Prussian mercenary. Mentored by Peabody director Ryan Wheeler and biology instructor Jerry Hagler, the student team developed a detailed syllabus and reading list. Each week they tackled a new aspect of this individual’s life and death, beginning with sex and continuing with age at death, ethnic origin, health, and historical research on mercenaries, executions, and anatomical specimens in the 18th and early 19th centuries. A grant from the Abbot Academy Association allowed for study of ancient DNA.

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In the winter and spring terms, Sina and EJ presented their work in a Peabody student symposium, the annual PA science symposium, and took the lead as guest lecturers in four sections of Biology 580, when they presented to classmates their forensic anthropological analysis and historical research. At each event, they shared their osteobiography of the Prussian mercenary, frequently pointing out landmarks and details on the skeletal remains. They determined that the remains represented a male, 40 to 44 years old at death, likely originating in Western Europe, with evidence of hyperparathyroidism, osteoarthritis, teeth grinding, and fatal trauma from a gunshot or blunt force. Based on their historical research, they concluded that the story about this individual being a mercenary in the 18th century was plausible, though they suggested that he likely was not Prussian, but perhaps from Brunswick. DNA analysis by Stephen Fratpietro of Lakehead University’s Paleo-DNA lab identified mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) indicative of the haplogroup J2b1a and nuclear DNA of the haplogroup R1b. Both are consistent with someone originating in Europe.


Pecos Pathways 2015

June 2015 marked the 17th year that Pecos Pathways has run, and it was another amazing year. In this program, students from PA and the modern communities of Jemez Pueblo and Pecos, N.M., spend three weeks traveling through the Southwest and New England: the first two weeks at Jemez Pueblo and ancestral sites in Chaco Canyon, Mesa Verde, and Pecos National Historical Park, and the final week at archaeological and historical sites in New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Connecticut. Needless to say, the seven students and three chaperones who participated in Pecos Pathways 2015 had a blast traveling all over New Mexico and New England.

This was also a year of firsts for the program: it was the first time participants went to a Santo Domingo Feast Day celebration, hiked to the ruins of Shin’Po in Pecos, and excavated a shipwreck in New England. The group spent a lot of time laughing and enjoying foods such as Jemez enchiladas, sharing their experiences on Snapchat, and swimming in the ocean (a first for many students from Jemez).

“Pecos Pathways has been, by far, the most amazing and eyeopening experience of my life.” ––2015 Student Participant


H.U.A.C.A. Project 2015 Summer 2015 marked the 10th anniversary of the B.A.L.A.M./ H.U.A.C.A. Project, a partnership between the Peabody Museum, the Spanish department, and the history and social science department that gives students the unique experience of archaeological exploration combined with linguistic and cultural immersion in Peru. The H.U.A.C.A. Project builds on the highly successful B.A.L.A.M. Project that was well established as one of the most exciting expeditionary learning experiences Andover offers. H.U.A.C.A. 2015 was a fantastic way to celebrate this milestone anniversary. Faculty members Donny Slater, Mark Cutler, and Yasmine Allen traveled throughout Peru with an amazing group of 11 Andover students for 2 1/2 weeks in June. Their itinerary brought them from the lowland desert coast north of Lima, up to elevations of 14,000 feet amid the snowy peaks of the Andes, and many places in between.

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They visited fascinating preColumbian ruins and colonial sites from 2,700 BC up to the Contact Period, including Chavín de Huántar, Chanquillo (see photo), Caral, Saqsaywaman, Písaq, Qoricancha, and of course, Machu Picchu. The group didn’t access this final site the easy way, however. Instead of taking one of the many buses heading to Machu Picchu, they trekked to the city via the famous Inca Trail, which took them on a 29-mile, four-day journey spanning 6,000 feet of elevation change and environmental diversity that ranged from tropical cloud-forest to high alpine grassland. After passing many fascinating archaeological sites along the way, the group arrived at Machu Picchu and was greeted by a misty sunrise (see photo). Just before their trek, and in collaboration with the nongovernmental organization Willka Yachay, they engaged in a fabulous three-day cultural exchange with

the Q’eros Nation, whose people are direct descendants of the Inca. Camping out at 12,500 feet in a remote village north of Cusco, they learned of common interests (e.g., soccer), but also discovered many vast differences between life in the United States and in Q’eros Nation. Perhaps most interesting was their participation in a lengthy despacho ceremony led by a Q’eros shaman. During the ceremony, which started at dinnertime and lasted deep into the night, the shaman guided Andover and Q’eros students and chaperones as he prepared a complex material offering for various earth deities and then burned the bundle to ritually deliver it (see photo). This Andover-Q’eros exchange proved to be more humbling, inspiring, and even spiritual than anyone expected.


Collections Stewardship Recognizing that the Peabody Museum’s collaborative learning offerings at Andover and beyond are anchored in our significant collections, we have begun an ambitious project to improve both physical and intellectual control over our holdings. This includes cataloging of the collections, online access, opportunities for scholars and researchers, and a focus on the museum’s work duty program.

Collections to the Classroom: Peabody Museum Online This two-year Abbot Academy Association grant, awarded in 2013, came to a close at the end of the fiscal year. The goals of the project have been accomplished: the purchase of a new PastPerfect database and server to host it, an online component of the database with more than 1,300 records and photographs, the hiring of interns to catalog the collections, and a small sample rehousing project. Staff will continue to work with Digital Commonwealth so that photographs and catalog records can be included in the Digital Public Library of America as well.

terns during the summer months. Keely Lewis, a graduate student at the University of Massachusetts Boston, and Jillian Holmberg, from the University of Southern Maine, cataloged artifacts for the project in July and August 2014. Trevor Lamb, working toward a bachelor’s degree in anthropology at the University of Maine in Orono, was the 2015 summer intern.

with custom archival boxes that fit into the current drawer slots. We plan to phase in the purchase of shelving over time with the goal of removing the entire wooden bay and drawer system.

In addition, Peabody senior collections manager Bonnie Sousa and collections manager Marla Taylor worked on two different boxing systems for archaeological The museum focused on adding materials to replace the current additional records to PastPerfect outdated wooden storage system. Online, the public version of the Based on the trial, we were able database, with the help of to determine that the best way to Phillips Academy students during phase in a new storage system is the academic year and college in- to replace the old wooden drawers

Peabody Collections by the Numbers

Archaeology Collections: 500,000+ Ethnographic Collections: 2,200+ Images: 46,000+ Archives: 570+ linear feet Library: 9,000+ books Geographic Scope: 5,092 sites and locations in 38 countries, with principal collections from the United States and Canada 15


Research, Scholar Visits, and Loans

Erin Phillips creating a roll-out drawing of a Moundville pottery vessel.

During fiscal year 2015, the Peabody Museum received 44 research visits and queries. A few highlights follow: • Erin Phillips, PhD, from the Department of Anthropology at the University of Alabama, spent a week creating rollout drawings of two vessels from Moundville, Ala., in the museum’s collections. The drawings allowed her to view the entire design for multiple vessels to conduct stylistic analysis. Her focus is on Hemphill-style vessels from Moundville, a Mississippian mound site and ceremonial center dating around 360–1,000 years ago (AD 1020–1650). To see the vessels Dr. Phillips used for her research visit the Peabody Collections Online Catalog. • Névraumont Publishing Company requested images of Pendejo Cave in New Mexico, which was excavated by former Peabody Museum director Richard “Scotty” MacNeish for an upcoming book, Strangers in a New Land: The First Americans by James Adavasio, PhD, and David Pedler. • Jonathan Lothrop, PhD, curator at the New York State Museum, came to document artifacts from New York State collections that are currently being housed at the Peabody. • Kaitlyn Davis, a graduate student working with Scott Ortner, a professor at the University of Colorado at Boulder, is working on

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the Pecos collection at the Pecos National Historical Park (PNHP). She is interested in clay pipes, which are largely in the repatriated collections at PNHP. She received permission from Chris Toya at Jemez Pueblo for her study. Her thesis work is focused on PlainsPueblo interaction in the 13th through 17th centuries. • Chris Sockalexis, tribal historic preservation officer for the Penobscot Indian Tribe in Maine, visited along with his professor, Brian Robinson, PhD, of the University of Maine at Orono, to look at the Nevin funerary material. • German photographer Jochen Lempert photographed Phillips Academy’s great auk for an exhibition at the Cincinnati Art Museum. The exhibition, Field Guide: Photography by Jochen Lempert, will run from October 17, 2015 through March 6, 2016. As a trained biologist, Lempert has a keen eye for the natural world. He has photographed more than half of the 80 great auk specimens that exist. Visit art agenda and The Photographer’s Gallery to learn more about Lempert’s artwork.


New Loan to Innovation Charter Academy Innovation Academy Charter School (ICAS) in Tyngsboro, Mass., mounted an exhibit on the history of their campus. IACS student Marc Printz curated the exhibit utilizing artifacts on loan from the Peabody. The artifacts were excavated from the Tyng site, which is located on the grounds of the school and consists of a range of items, including stone projectile points, a historic bottle, bricks and mortar, and a U.S. coin from 1818. The site is named for the Tyng family, who lived on the property in the 17th century. The excavations were initially conducted by archaeologist Stephen Mrowsowski, PhD, and later, in the 1980s, by Mary Beaudry, PhD. Christa Beranek, PhD, excavated the site in the early 2000s as part of her dissertation.

Peabody Library Project One of the museum’s most significant resources is the library collection, containing some 9,000+ books, journals, and reference volumes. In February 2015 Mary Beth Clack, formerly of Harvard’s Widener Library, joined us under contract to aid in management of the Peabody library, following a plan developed in conjunction with Michael Blake, associate director of the Oliver Wendell Holmes Library. Over the ensuing months, Clack helped us find space for new volumes and cataloged more than 500 books donated by former Peabody Museum director Malinda Blustain, longtime volunteer and honorary curator Gene Winter, and Peabody Advisory Committee (PAC) member Jim Richardson. Both new books and rare, out-of-print volumes have significantly augmented our resources on the Northeastern United States, Peru, and South America, as well as on subjects such as rock art research.


Linda S. Cordell Memorial Research Award The Cordell Award Endowment was established in 2013 in honor of the late Linda S. Cordell, eminent archaeologist of the American Southwest and member of the Peabody Advisory Committee (PAC). Linda was senior scholar at the School for Advanced Research in Santa Fe, N.M., a member of the National Academy of Sciences, recipient of the A.V. Kidder Medal for eminence in American Archaeology, and a valued member of the PAC. The award encourages research on the collections of the Peabody Museum. In August 2014, Zachary Singer, PhD candidate at the University of Connecticut and the first recipient of the Cordell award, spent three weeks at the museum reanalyzing the Paleoindian

component of the Neponset Site collection from Massachusetts, which was excavated by amateur archaeologist Fred Carty and donated to the museum in 1998. Singer’s research goals for his dissertation include documenting

and interpreting Paleoindianperiod sites in Southern New England. In November 2014, he presented his research at the Eastern States Archaeological Federation conference.

For 2015, the PAC selected two scholars to receive the Cordell award. Adam King, PhD, is a research associate professor at the South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of South Carolina. His project focuses on Warren Moorehead’s 1925–1927 excavations at the Etowah site village near Cartersville, Ga. Said King, “My goal is to use the artifacts and documents produced to help evaluate the … ideas about the distribution of village areas at the site and the possibility that the Late Wilbanks village was burned.” He plans to examine pottery collections from the site and collect carbon samples for radiocarbon dating. His dissertation on the Etowah site was published as “Etowah: The Political History of a Chiefdom Capital” (2003), and his research was instrumental in Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation (NAGPRA) determinations of affiliation made by the Peabody in the 1990s.

donated to the Peabody in 2012 by Peabody Advisory Committee (PAC) member Jim Richardson, and represent excavations made in 1982 with the late archaeologist Jim Peterson. Watson said her dissertation research will use “faunal assemblages from sites in the Northeastern U.S. … (to) examine human-environmental interactions by identifying changes in animal populations during early European colonization (ca. 1600–1700).” Her dissertation is tentatively titled “Ecological Effects of Colonization on Mammals and Birds along the Northeastern Atlantic Coast.” Watson completed a master’s degree at

SUNY Albany in 2013 with her thesis titled “Flintknapping Practices in New England: Stone Tool Analysis at the Rebecca Nurse Home-stead in Northeastern Massachusetts.”

Jessica Watson is a PhD candidate at the State University of New York at Albany. Her project involves analysis of animal bones from the Frisby-Butler and Hornblower II sites on Martha’s Vineyard. These collections were

Left: Field Notes from Hornblower II site, Martha’s Vineyard, MA

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Collections Stewardship: Work Duty 2014–2015 Work duty at the Peabody is a primary portal through which students can interact with the museum. During fiscal year 2015, 26 students performed their work duty, along with two student volunteers, with the Peabody collections department, with more than 85 percent of them choosing to return the following term. Collectively, the students provided 412 hours of work over the school year. Work duty student assistance was invaluable during the sorting and processing of several large gifts of books to the Peabody library. Students also photographed, measured, and assisted in cataloging the museum’s collection of reproduction hominoid skulls, which are frequently used by biology classes on campus.

Several groups of students participated in a multiweek project involving clay figurines collected by former museum director Richard “Scotty” MacNeish in the 1960s. These figurines range from realistic human shapes to exaggerated animal effigies. Students closely studied these figurines and ultimately designed their own classification system for these artifacts. They then discussed their work with Abbot Academy alumna Clemency Chase Coggins ’51, PhD, an archaeologist and art historian, while she was on campus to receive an Andover Alumni Award of Distinction.

“By far, the best aspect of work duty at the Peabody is being able to go through the collections and artifacts not on display. The amount of trust that the Peabody places in the students to carefully photograph and even handle the pieces is incredible and makes the experience worthwhile.”—Luc Lampietti ’17

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Council on Library and Information Resources

Senior collections manager Bonnie Sousa and museum director Ryan Wheeler submitted a grant to the Council on Library and Information Resources for $99,900 to digitize and catalog the Richard S. MacNeish collection and make its contents available online. While the grant request was not successful, we received positive and constructive feedback and plan to apply again in the next grant cycle.

Massachusetts State Historical Records Advisory Board Grant The Peabody Museum was recently notified of an award of $1,000 for archival supplies and shelving to rehouse a portion of our archives. The funding comes from the Massachusetts State Historical Records Advisory Board and the National Historical Publications and Records Commission and will be used to replace old file units and acidic folders housing files from former museum director Douglas Byers and former curator and later director Frederick Johnson. Byers and Johnson made important contributions to the museum and archaeology from the 1930s through 1960s, and we are fortunate to have the opportunity to preserve some of their files.

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Adopt a Drawer Program The Peabody Museum launched a fundraising promotion called Adopt a Drawer that invites donors to support the cataloging of one of more than 1,700 artifact storage drawers at the Peabody. A gift of $1,000 supports the professional cataloging of one drawer, including data entry, archival storage supplies, photography, and inclusion in the museum’s online catalog, hosted by PastPerfect Online. Work duty students and interns are heavily involved in the cataloging work. Donors receive updates on the cataloging, including before and after photos, as well as acknowledgment in our online catalog. View the Adopt a Drawer promotional video produced by the Polk-Lillard Electronic Imaging Center. As of June 30, 2015, generous donors have adopted 32 artifact storage drawers. These drawers hold material ranging from Paleolithic sites in New England to Chaco Canyon in New Mexico, and from the Tehuacán Valley of Mexico to the homestead of a freed Black woman in Andover. Sixteen of these drawers—more than 700 artifacts!—have been fully cataloged and appear in the Peabody’s online catalog.

Peabody Student Symposium Four students presented independent research at the February meeting of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society’s Gene Winter Chapter (MAS-NE) at the Peabody. After noticing an unusual glazed brick poking out of the grass near America House, Alex Hagler ’16 collected the brick and brought it to the Peabody for examination. A small excavation was then conducted to contextualize the brick. Her research culminated in a presentation of the type of brick, the associated artifacts, and its likely use on campus. As part of a larger work duty student project, Alana Gudinas ’16 worked on creating a classification scheme for ceramic figurines found in the Tehuacán Valley of Mexico. She discussed the artifacts she worked with, their depictions of pregnant women, and the significance of these representations on a global level.

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EJ Kim ’15 and Sina Golkari ’15 explored the notion of “osteobiography” through their extended analysis of a set of unidentified skeletal remains stored at the Peabody Museum. The skeleton’s sex, age at death, ethnicity, and pathologies were studied using a variety of methods. The team tempered their forensic anthropological analysis with historical research and a genetic analysis to offer comprehensive conclusions about the skeleton’s identity.


Volunteers 2014-2015

Interns and volunteers help collections staff with a variety of collections projects ranging from cataloging and photography to pest management and preparing artifacts for classes. Some highlights include the following: • Summer 2015 intern Trevor Lamb worked with senior collections manager Bonnie Sousa to catalog artifacts to include in the museum’s online catalog for the Adopt a Drawer program. • Ann Campbell numbered and provided preliminary cataloging for 427 lots of stone artifacts, numbering 3,268 items from unprocessed collections donated by Fred Carty in the 1990s. Archaeological sites represented are the Nemasket Brickyard in Middleboro, Mass., and the Mill Street Site, part of the Cochato Complex in Randolph, Mass. About 25 boxes, from an estimated 100, remain to be processed. • Volunteer Quinn Rosefsky worked on photographing and inventorying artifacts to rehouse them in new boxes as part of the Abbot grant. He also helped with environmental monitoring, the reshelving of library books, and exhibit photography. • Volunteers Leah Kaplan and Susan Rosefsky participated in the pest management program by inspecting, vacuuming, and returning textiles to storage. They also worked on pulling artifacts for classes and putting them away, helping reshelve books in the library, and rehousing artifacts in new storage containers as part of the Abbot grant.

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NAGPRA The Peabody has been in the forefront of Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) compliance since the inception of the federal act in the 1990s. Peabody collections include ancestral human remains and funerary objects from 112 sites in 28 states. Collections have been affiliated with 60 tribes, though the Peabody houses ancestral remains from 44 sites considered to be Culturally Unidentified under the NAGPRA act and rule. Major consultations resulting in affiliation of human remains and funerary objects include the Pecos Pueblo (New Mexico), Etowah (Georgia), and Maine sites. Requests for repatriation and consultation with tribes continue today. Revisions to the NAGPRA rule in May 2010 addressed the Culturally Unidentified remains; to date the museum has had only one request to repatriate Culturally Unidentified remains and funerary objects under the new rule.

Peabody director Ryan Wheeler completed four Federal Register notices this fiscal year. • Federal Register notices were published for funerary objects from the Nevin site in Hancock County, Maine (April 28, 2015), and human remains and funerary objects from the McCain site in Penobscot County, Maine (October 15, 2014). Both sites had been listed on the Culturally Unidentified inventory, but further consultation led to a determination that they should be affiliated with the tribes in Maine consisting of the Aroostook Band of Micmacs; Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians; Passamaquoddy Tribe; and Penobscot Nation. o http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2015-04-28/ pdf/2015-09911.pdf o http://www.nps.gov/nagpra/FED_NOTICES/NAGPRADIR/nic1883.html • Notices were published for nine Massachusetts sites (February 26, 2015) and one Rhode Island site (February 26, 2015). Following are links to the documents: o http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2015-02-26/ pdf/2015-04062.pdf o http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2015-02-26/ pdf/2015-04045.pdf • On March 3 and 4, 2015, Wheeler and senior collections manager Bonnie Sousa attended the National NAGPRA Review Committee Meeting held at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. The Review Committee meets twice yearly at different locations around the country. Wheeler was asked to talk briefly about the museum’s NAGPRA-related experiences.

Right: Cedar boughs presented by The Wabanaki NAGPRA Committee during the repatriation of the Nevin collection, August 2015.


Campus and Alumni Events Visitors to campus during special weekend events have come to expect interesting and unusual offerings from the Peabody Museum. The museum also has begun offering off-campus alumni events. Highlights from fiscal year 2015 include the following: • International Parents Event (September 4, 2014; 53 attendees) • Family Weekend open house (October 23 & 24, 2014; 117 attendees) • The Courant launch party (December 12, 2014; 125 attendees) • Phillips Academy’s annual “Day with Andover” open house for prospective students, their

parents, and their family members (January 17, 2015; 46 attendees)

• Prospective students’ Spring Visit days; “Archaeology of LEGOs” (March 27, 30, 31, April

3, 2015; 35 attendees)

• Thor Heyerdahl: The Kon-Tiki Man at 100—alumni event at the Society for American

Archaeology annual meeting, San Francisco (April 17, 2015; 7 attendees)

• Grandparents’ Day open house and class (May 9, 2015; 42 attendees) • An Evening with Pueblo Potters Dominique Toya and Nancy Youngblood (May 20, 2015;

20 attendees)

• Learning in the World reception for faculty and staff (May 29, 2015; 30 attendees) • Reunion Weekend open house (June 13, 2015; 52 attendees)

Summary of Attendance at Outreach and Alumni Programs 319

264

244

Meetings and Conferences Outreach Campus & Alumni Events

552

Partnerships MAECON 1885


Grandparents’ Day The Peabody Museum hosted scores of PA students, siblings, parents, and grandparents on Saturday, May 9, 2015, during the annual Grandparents’ Day celebration at Phillips Academy. One of the highlights of the day was a master class, taught by museum director Ryan Wheeler, in which participants were invited to explore the identity of an anatomical specimen originally acquired by Abbot Academy in the 19th century and now housed in PA’s biology department. Participants considered contemporary forensic anthropology techniques and how they measured up against the legend that purports that the remains belong to a Prussian mercenary who was executed for desertion during the Revolutionary War. This year we were able to include research by EJ Kim ’15 and Sina Golkari ’15, who conducted a detailed “osteobiography” of the Abbot anatomical specimen as an independent project in fall 2014.

Reunion Weekend More than 50 alumni were welcomed to the museum during Reunion Weekend events June 12 and 13, 2015. The open house was a huge success, and former students who worked at the Peabody with archaeologist and former museum director Richard “Scotty” MacNeish during the 1970s paid a visit. More recent graduates participated in a little atlatl throwing outside.

A Day with Andover On January 17, 2015, PA welcomed hundreds of prospective students and their families to a campus open house. Nearly 50 people visited the Peabody and participated in our LEGO activity, “Building Blocks of History.” We hope to see many of them on campus next year!

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Family Weekend

Parents, siblings, friends, and students participated in a variety of programs on Family Weekend October 24 and 25, 2014. Open house events on both days were well attended by nearly 100 people, many seeking an opportunity to build their own model of an ancient monument with our “LEGOs: Building Blocks of History” project. In addition, parents joined students who traveled to France in summer 2014 as part of PA’s Piette Program for a symposium on their research projects. Short presentations ranged from gastronomy to architecture to modern cultural norms. Peabody personnel also promoted our summer travel opportunities at the campuswide Learning in the World fair sponsored by the Tang Institute at Andover.

Thor Heyerdahl: The Kon-Tiki Man at 100

On April 17, 2015, the Andover Abbot Association of Northern California and the Peabody Museum were delighted to present a special alumni breakfast event in conjunction with the annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology at the San Francisco Union Square Hilton. Dan H. Sandweiss ’75 presented “Thor Heyerdahl: The Kon-Tiki Man at 100,” recounting his work with the famed Norwegian explorer. Dan, chair of the Peabody Advisory Committee (PAC) and professor of anthropology at the University of Maine in Orono, regaled attendees with a rollicking tale of Heyerdahl’s exploits, including explorations of Túcume in Peru, the Kon-Tiki voyage, and work in the Canary Islands and Cuba.

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Libraries, Archives, and Museums (LAMs) The Peabody Museum is an integral part of the campus LAMs initiative, joining with the Addison Gallery of American Art, the Oliver Wendell Holmes Library, the Knafel Map Collection, and Archives and Special Collections to provide collaborative learning opportunities for Andover faculty and students using the available collections. Some highlights from fiscal year 2015 include the following.

LAMs: Monthly LAMs Lunch Series The PA LAMs offered a series of LAMs Lunches from September 2014 through May 2015. Once each month the campus community was invited to dine in the Mural Room in Paresky Commons and explore the varied available LAMs resources. Monthly themes often aligned with topics being covered in classes, ranging from math, connections to the land, and exhibit design, to Civil Rights, music, mindfulness, and the Phillips family. Distinctive objects, recordings, archival materials, and books were on display, and students and faculty had an opportunity to interact with PA LAMs personnel and visiting experts. For example, the Peabody Museum and the Addison Gallery of American Art cohosted the January 2015 LAMs Lunch, which focused on the hidden math in our collections. In particular, we showcased two previous collaborations between the Peabody and the math department: one

using trigonometry and archival maps to locate the Mansion House foundation on campus, and the other exploring the results of statistical analysis on ceramic sherds from the Southwest.

LAMs: PA LAMs at NEMA and NCSS Conferences On November 19 and 20, 2014, museum director Ryan Wheeler and museum curator of education Lindsay Randall, along with other members of the PA LAMs, presented at the New England Museum Association and the National Council of Social Studies annual meetings. They shared how the practice of sustained attention required for reading objects can increase critical thinking, visual literacy, and historical analysis skills.

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Outreach The Peabody Museum has offered an increasing number of outreach and partnership opportunities beyond the Andover community for learners of all ages. Significant partnerships include our relationship with the Massachusetts Archaeological Society–Northeast Chapter and the Massachusetts Archaeological Education Consortium, which works to provide resources for educators who want to use archaeology in the classroom. The following is a summary of the outreach activities conducted at the Peabody Museum during the 2014– 2015 academic year:

Triton Regional High School For two days in October, museum curator of education Lindsay Randall visited Lauren Rivard’s Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity class, at Triton Regional High School in Byfield, Mass., and participated in an activity called Murder without Killing. During the activity, Lindsay worked with the students to read images as primary sources, as well as to explore the histories of government-run boarding schools and forced sterilization policies in the United States and the effects these policies have on native people today.

Museum of Science On October 17 and 18, 2014, museum curator of education Lindsay Randall participated in the 8th Annual Archaeology Fair at the Museum of Science in Boston. One of the activities she shared was the game Pseudomorphs, in which visitors were allowed to handle stone relics and then use their detective skills to identify which of the stones were tools and which were just oddly shaped rocks. Visitors also were able to touch other stone tools, pieces of ancient pottery, furs that native people would have used to make clothing, and other interesting objects.

Innovation Academy Charter Museum director Ryan Wheeler and museum curator of education Lindsay Randall visited the Innovation Academy Charter School in Tyngsboro, Mass., on October 22. The Innovation Academy is located on the property of the former Tyng Mansion, which the Peabody Museum excavated in the 1980s. Ryan and Lindsay brought interesting artifacts from the Peabody’s collections, such as a porcelain teacup and 30

a large glass bottle, that were recovered during the excavations. Students also used pipe stem fragments and drill bits in an activity to identify the dates that the site was occupied; they compared various techniques for dating using pipe stems, including linear and nonlinear regression formulas that model changes in pipe stem diameters through time. For an online activity with pipe stems, visit the National Park Service activity here: http://www.nps.gov/archeology/afori/howfig_mar4.htm.

City of Boston Museum curator of education Lindsay Randall, representing the Peabody, partnered with City of Boston archaeologist Joseph Bagley to participate in the annual Children’s Winter Festival on February 19, 2015, at the Franklin Park Golf Course Club House in Dorchester, Mass. Lindsay and Joe both brought archaeological objects to help students better understand the science of the past and learn about Boston’s Native American history.

Lawrence Public School Museum curator of education Lindsay Randall traveled to Wetherbee Middle School in Lawrence, Mass., on April 14, 2015, with the museum’s Tarps lesson. Tarps is a simulated excavation based on a site in Andover that is about 500 years old. Throughout the lesson, students were able to touch and “read” the objects. This had an important impact on the students since, in the words of one student, “I never knew that you could let us touch your objects, because they don’t let us in museums.” The students also thought it was fun to look at all the different excavation units “because it was like a story” about the past. Lindsay had fun at the school and hopes to return in the future.


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Partnerships The following is a summary of partnerships that the Peabody Museum participated in during fiscal year 2014:

Essex Regional Education Forum On November 12, 2014, museum curator of education Lindsay Randall attended the Second Essex Educator Regional Forum in Gloucester, Mass. During the one-day event, archaeologists, woodenboat builders, historical society staff and volunteers, environmental science educators, Mass. Department of Conservation and Recreation staff, teachers, school administrators, and educators from the National Park Service and Essex National Heritage Area gathered to share best practices in developing ties between community-based organizations and schools.

both formal and informal education. The participants then gathered into breakout sessions to discuss various topics related to educational outreach. The forum concluded with tours of the Peabody’s collections, led by museum director Ryan Wheeler and senior collections manager Bonnie Sousa.

On March 25, 2015, educators from museums, parks, and other institutions across Essex County attended the Third Essex Regional Education Forum, which was hosted at the Peabody Museum. The forum began with presentations by museum curator of education Lindsay Randall, museum collections manager Marla Taylor, and Salem State professor Bethany Jay, PhD, all of whom talked about the unique and innovative ways the Peabody approaches

Meetings and Conferences Museum curator of education Lindsay Randall attended the Archaeological Institute of America’s Educators’ Conference in January, where archaeologists and educators from around the country met to share insights and engage in dialogue on the future of archaeology and heritage education. During the two-day conference, Lindsay presented the session

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“Teaching WITH Archaeology: Infiltrating Subjects Beyond History,” in which participants brainstormed innovative ways that archaeology can be used to support diverse subjects such as art, foreign languages, math, and science.


Massachusetts Archaeological Society—NE Chapter The Peabody Museum hosts the monthly meetings of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society–NE Chapter (now the Eugene C. Winter Chapter), which include lectures on all topics of archaeology and history. Meetings are held September through May, weather permitting. The lectures are open to all, including faculty, staff, and students. In 2013– 2014, six meetings were convened, including several lectures by Peabody personnel: Special meeting celebrating Gene Winter’s generous gift of books to the Peabody and Robbins Museum (September 16, 2014; 18 attendees) Victor Mastone, “Underwater Archaeology: 17thCentury Nipmuc Mishoonash in Lake Quinsigamond” (October 21, 2014; 21 attendees) Mary Ellen Lepionka and Mark Carlotto, “Evidence of a Native American Solar Observatory in Gloucester, Massachusetts” (November 18, 2014; 15 attendees) Ben Thomas, “Searching for Chocolate, Christianity, Cave, and Maya Communities in the Shadow of the Sleeping Giant” (December 16, 2014; 26 attendees) Natalie Susmann, “Ruining Collapse: An Investigation of Meaningful Places in Bronze and Iron Age Crete” (January 20, 2015; 19 attendees) Phillips Academy-Peabody Museum student symposium (February 17, 2015; 42 attendees) Nate Hamilton, “Edward Sylvester Morse: Marine Biology, Darwinism and Travels and Observations in the Chrysanthemum Empire” (March 17, 2015; 25 attendees) Sarah Kiley Schoff, “Plow-Zone Archaeology: A Taphonomy Experiment from the Midwest” (April 21, 2015, 25 attendees) Jerry Hagler, “Pre-Columbian Trans-Pacific Travel and the Colonization of South America: Was Thor Heyerdahl on the Right Track?” (May 19, 2015; 17 attendees) 33


Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California

The Peabody Museum was well represented at the annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology (SAA), which took place April 15 through 19 in San Francisco.

archaeology session. In addition, Peabody Advisory Committee (PAC) chair Dan Sandweiss ’75, who serves on the SAA board, presented in a symposium dedicated to well-known archaeologist Brian Fagan.

Museum curator of education Lindsay Randall, museum director Ryan Wheeler, and PA math instructor Joel Jacob exhibited their poster, “Statistics: It’s a Sherd Thing: Archaeology in a High School Math Class,” while PA history instructor and Peabody research associate Donny Slater presented his paper, “Hallowed (under)Ground—Ancient Maya Dark Zone Use Patterns in the Subterranean Realm of Yaxcaba, Central Yucatan, Mexico,” in a special cave

On Friday evening, Marshall Cloyd ’58 sponsored a dinner that included distinguished members of the SAA board and professional staff, including new SAA President Diane Gifford-Gonzalez and Executive Director Tobi Brimsek, as well as archaeologist Barry Rolett ’76, our colleagues and Piette Program in France collaborators from Binghamton University, Kathleen Sterling and Sébastien Lacombe, and others.

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Massachusetts Archaeology Education Consortium (MAECON) The Peabody Museum joined with the Archaeological Institute of America; the Museum of Science, Boston; the Massachusetts Historical Commission; and Boston’s city archaeologist to found the Massachusetts Archaeology Education Consortium (MAECON). The mission of this group is to provide Massachusetts educators with tools for using archaeology and anthropology in the classroom in a manner that supports existing goals, objectives, and assessment. The following is a summary of MAECON events held during the past year: • The Massachusetts Archaeology Education Consortium

(MAECON) participated in the National Park Service initiative, “A Park for Every Classroom,” which was coordinated and run by Saugus Iron Works. For one week, 17 teachers from communities north of Boston learned how to engage in place-based learning. Peabody Museum curator of education Lindsay Randall worked with the teachers on how to read material objects as text and how to connect these items to larger historical stories and their own communities. Lindsay and the Massachusetts Historical Commission’s Jennifer Poulsen also led a breakout session on integrating archaeology into already taught curricula, and they were on hand as a resource for curriculum development.

• The Massachusetts Archaeology Education Consortium

(MAECON) hosted an activity with the Boston City Archaeology Lab at the 2014 Children’s Festival at Franklin Park in Boston. For the one-day event, museum curator of education Lindsay Randall brought two of the Peabody Museum’s hands-on activities. One was a mending activity in which broken plates and cups are taped back into their original shape. The other was focused on Native American pottery and required that participants use clay and traditional decorating tools to make their own pinch pots while looking at real examples of native pottery types for inspiration. 

• During the National Council of Social Studies meet-

ing in Boston, museum curator of education Lindsay Randall and the Massachusetts Historical Commission’s Jen Poulsen, on behalf of the Massachusetts Archaeology Education Consortium (MAECON), presented the handson workshop “Privy to the Past: The Archaeology of the Katherine Nanny Naylor Site,” to a large crowd of middle school and high school history teachers. During the workshop, Lindsay and Jen led participants through a hands-on archaeology-based activity with helpful tips and an instructional manual on how to create the simulation dig activity in their own classrooms. 35


Featured Collection Facsimiles of Mesoamerican Codices The Peabody Museum library includes a number of rare and important facsimiles of Mesoamerican codices, replicating native manuscripts written before and after the Spanish conquest. These codices, written and painted on bark and animal skin parchment, provide a glimpse into the complex world of pre-Columbian calendars and astronomy, as well as the history of specific cities and the genealogy of ruling families. Facsimiles, including several produced as part of the Codices Selecti series, are used in classes to illustrate the role of writing, calendars, and astronomy in Mesoamerican culture. The museum’s Mesoamerican codices include the following: A sacred almanac of the Aztecs (Tonalamatl of the Codex Borbonicus) edited by George C. Vaillant (Class of 1918) American Museum of Natural History, Committee on Popular Publications, New York 1940 54 of 600 numbered copies 972.014 V13A This is the first section of the Codex Borbonicus written by Aztec priests in the years just before or after the Spanish conquest. The tonalamatl is an intricate divinatory calendar depicting deities, day signs, and other glyphs that could be used to create horoscopes and predict the future. The original is held at the Bibliothèque de l’Assemblée Nationale, Paris. The pages are duplicated as black and white plates. Codices Becker I/II Inv. Nr. 60306 and 60307, Ethnographical Museum, Vienna Codices Selecti Vol. 4, Akademische Druck – u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz, Austria, 1961 Commentary in German by Karl A. Nowotny, with summary in English 972 C66 These are pre-colonial Mixtec documents from central Mexico, dating to the first part of the 16th century. The Becker I fragment is concerned with the history and genealogies of ruling dynastic families, while the Becker II fragment deals with additional historical and genealogical information, as well as the prominent role of religion in daily life. Scholars believe the Becker I fragment is part of the Codex Colombino. Codex Vaticanus 3773 (Codex Vaticanus B) Vatican Library

Deity of the Planet Venus from Codex Vaticanus (B) Codices Selecti Vol. 36, Akademische Druck – u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz, Austria, 1972 Commentary by Ferdinand Anders 972 V34 The Codex Vaticanus B is an Aztec ritual and divinatory document originating in the region of Puebla, Tlaxcala, Mexico. It is written in Nahuatl on animal skin and is part of the Borgia Group of pre-Columbian manuscripts. The facsimile reproduces the original screen-fold manuscript. Codex Fejérváry-Mayer 12014 M City of Liverpool Museums Codices Selecti Vol. 26, Akademische Druck – u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz, Austria, 1971 Commentary in English by C.A. Burland 972 C66s Codex Fejérváry-Mayer is an Aztec calendrical document made of deerskin parchment folded accordion style into 23 pages. Because of its ritual focus on divination, it is included in the Borgia Group of preColumbian manuscripts. The facsimile reproduces the original screen-fold manuscript.


The Tonalamatl of the Aubin Collection: An Old Mexican Picture Manuscript in the Paris National Library Introduction and commentary by Eduard Seler Hazell, Watson & Viney, London, 1901 This Nahuatl codex is a screen-fold manuscript that contains the 260 symbols of the tonalpohualli—the count of days. The omens related to each day could be used in the art of divination. The codex likely originated in the Mexican state of Tlaxcala. The codex has a colorful history, including a theft from the Paris National Library in 1982 that led to the repatriation of the document to Mexico. This early edition includes a color screen-fold facsimile. A commentary on the Dresden codex: a Maya hieroglyphic book J. Eric S. Thompson Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society v. 93, 1972 570.6 AM512 v.93 The Dresden codex is one of only three or four surviving Maya codices. It was written by the Maya of Chichen Itza in the Yucatan peninsula in the 11th or 12th century, but is likely a copy of a much older document. The original codex is made of bark paper with a lime coating and is composed of 78 screen-fold pages, reproduced in the facsimile as color plates. The codex includes astronomical tables, including the Lunar Series and Venus table.

Ballplayer, Codex Fejérváry-Mayer

917.2 V71 This volume contains freehand drawings of all pages from the three best-known Maya codices: Dresden, Madrid (Tro-Cortesianus), and Paris, prepared by Carlos A. Villacorta. Despite errors, these drawings are frequently used in publications as they reproduce better than the facsimile editions.

Scene with Aztec dieties, Códice Boturini An Inquiry into the Origin of the Antiquities of America John Delafield J.C. Colt, New York, 1839 R970.1 D37 The frontispiece of Delafield’s book is a facsimile of the Aztec codex known as La Tira de la Peregrinación or the Códice Boturini. Approximately 19 feet long and printed on bank note paper, the facsimile reproduces a bark paper book of the 16th century that chronicles the origins, tribulations, and triumphs of the Aztec as they leave their homeland of Atzlán and move south to ultimately settle in Tenochtitlán in the Valley of Mexico. Unlike other similar codices, this example is done in black and white, with large open spaces. The simple and clean style is quite dramatic. The footprints that indicate movement connecting specific places and deeds suggest a giant map, shown in two planes—from above and in elevation.

Codices Maya: Reproducidos y Desarrollados por J. Antonio Villacorta Calderon y Carlos A. Villacorta Guatemala, 1930–1933 37


Supporting the Mission The Peabody Museum is a world-class teaching museum and unparalleled educational resource for Phillips Academy and the community. All gifts to the Peabody support the museum’s core programs and benefit Andover students in immediate and tangible ways. We gratefully acknowledge the following donors who generously supported the museum’s enterprise during FY2013–2014 through gifts to both operations and endowment. Donald B. & Elizabeth B. Abbott Dr. Robert K. Abbott & Ms. Susannah Abbott, P’12, ’13 Nathalie Taft Andrews ’59 Warren Baker ’66, P’05, ’08 Jeffrey G. Bakkensen ’06 Anthony C. Beilenson ’50 Elizabeth Artz Beim ’58, P’88 Aliyah S. Belinkie ’13 Harold R. Benson Jr. ’48 Mr. & Mrs. Timothy P. Benthall, P’00, ’03 Mr. & Mrs. Leonard J. Boudreau, P’16 F. Alger Boyer Jr. ’87 Mr. & Mrs. David L. Boyle, P’07 Mr. & Mrs. David Braslua Leslie G. Callahan III ’68 Hector Cho ’15 Mrs. Lincoln Clark Jr., P’68 Marshall P. Cloyd ’58, P’88, ’95, ’03 Meg Conkey Timothy P.F. Davenport ’80, P’17, ’17 Mr. & Mrs. Augustus Dettorre, P’17 Judith Dolkart Shaun S. Donahoe ’62 Patricia H. Edmonds & George H. Edmonds, P’79, ’82 Jenny F. Elkus ’92 Eldrine F. Emerson, GP’12 Mr. and Mrs. Barry F. Erickson, P’15 Elizabeth S. Ettinghausen, P’78 David H. Evans Jr. ’61 Mr. & Mrs. James J. Flynn V, P’15 Nels M.N. Frye ’99 Dr. & Mrs. Daniel Gammon, P’14 Mr. & Mrs. R. Tom Gilleon, P’07 Mr. & Mrs. Mark J. Gillis, P’15, ’17, ’19 Sina Golkari ’15 Peter J. Grillo, MD ’61, P’05 Peter E. Helgesen ’54, P’81 Lauren H. Johnson ’07 Lisa M. Johnson ’85 Mr. & Mrs. Richard E. Kaplan, P’00, ’15 Eun Jae Kim ’15 Mr. & Mrs. Joseph J. Kim, P’11, ’17 David S. Kirk ’61, P’98, ’04

Endowment (Gifts & Pledges) # of Gifts Total Linda S. Cordell Memorial Research Award 1 $2,000 John Lowell Fund 1 $40,000 Schmertzler Fund 1 $334,000 Endowment-Total 3 $376,000 Current Use Gifts Current Use-Total Total Endowment & Current Use Gifts

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$73,856 $449,856

Mr. Martin Klein & Ms. Sharon L. Magnuson, P’95 Dr. Dongsoo D. Koh & Ms. Kaylie S. Kim, P’17 Mr. Atul Kumar & Ms. Maya Nair, P’13, ’17 Philippe K. Lampietti ’79, P’17 Ernest H. Latham Jr., PhD ’56, P’98 Mr. Thomas P. Lockerby & Ms. Kathleen J. McCrickerd Alison Smith Lord ’85, P’19 Alison Smith Lord ‘85, P’19 Judge & Mrs. John T. Lu, P’15, ’16 Heather Dunbar Lucas ’88 Heather Dunbar Lucas ‘88 Tristin & Martin Mannion, P’19 Mr. & Mrs. James Mansfield Victor Mastone Mr. & Mrs. Peter A. McKenzie, P’12, ’15 Mr. and Mrs. David S. Mesinger, P’16 Mr. & Mrs. Stephen Morin, P’14 Victor A. Morris, MD ’82 William O. Nutting, P’16, ’18 David A. Othmer ’59 Richard S. Pieters Jr. ’66 Elizabeth Parker Powell ’56, P’84, ’90, GP’19 Mr. Malcolm K. Price & Mrs. Catherine E. Kuehn Price, P’13, ’15 Richard L. Reynolds, PhD ’64 Donald B. Rollings ’70 Quinn B. Rosefsky, MD ’59 Patricia C. Russell, P’11 Dr. and Mrs. H.A. Saltzman, GP’15 Daniel H. Sandweiss, PhD ’75 Ian M. Schmertzler ’05 Kuni & Michael Schmertzler, P’05, ’07 Matthew I. Schubert ’07 Simon H. Scott III, P’16 Dr. Neil E. Simister & Ms. Jane F. Amara, P’12 Mr. John L. Simpson & Ms. Rebecca S. Demsetz, P’16, ’19 Mr. and Mrs. Thomas M. Sobol, P’17, ’19 Mr. & Mrs. Michael St. Peter, P’02 George W. Steers ’59 William F. Stiles ’58 Alec Sutherland ’56 Jane Thomas ’10 John Lowell Thorndike ’45 William M. Tuck ’54, P’85 William L. Vandeventer ’78 Mr. & Mrs. Bradford S. Wellman, P’76 Ryan Wheeler B. Grant Willis Jr. ’57 Anonymous


Peabody Museum People Meg Conkey, PhD Meg Conkey, PhD, is the latest archaeologist to bring her significant research and teaching experience to the Peabody Advisory Committee (PAC). Meg is a professor emerita in the Department of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley. After completing her undergraduate studies at Mount Holyoke College, she received a PhD degree in anthropology from the University of Chicago. Her research areas include gender and feminist archaeology and the archaeology of the Upper Paleolithic, including art and symbolism. Since 1993, Meg has been investigating open-air sites of the Upper Paleolithic in the French Pyrenees, including the ongoing excavation of the Peyre Blanque site. She and her co-investigators, Sébastien Lacombe and Kathleen Sterling, hosted students who participated in the Piette Program

in France this past summer, during the opening days of their excavations at this 15,000-year-old site; she also spent several days guiding them through excavations there. Meg has edited and authored a number of pioneering books and articles on gender and feminist theory in archaeology, including the 1991 book Engendering the Past: Women and Prehistory, edited with Joan Gero. The November 2002 issue of Discover magazine included her in its list of “the 50 most important women in science.” In 2009, she served as president of the Society for American Archaeology (SAA) and, as part of her duties, convened a meeting of the SAA board at Phillips Academy, honoring the 75th anniversary of the creation of the SAA and the first meeting of the society at Andover in December 1935.

Dr. Peter T. Hetzler ’72 In September, Board of Trustees President Peter Currie ’74 and Head of School John Palfrey announced that Peter T. Hetzler, PhD ’72, is the new trustee representative to the Peabody Advisory Committee (PAC). He began a four-year term as an alumni trustee on July 1, 2014. Peter is a reconstructive surgeon specializing in the treatment of breast cancer, melanoma, and traumatic injuries. After graduating from Andover, he earned a BS degree from Stanford University and an MD degree from the University of Michigan. He went

on to complete nine years of training in general surgery, plastic and reconstructive surgery, and microsurgical reconstruction. After completing medical school, he began volunteering as a PA Alumni Admission Representative, and in 2002 he joined the Alumni Council, serving as president and alumni trustee from 2006 to 2009. In 2012, Peter received the Academy’s Distinguished Service Award. In 1989, he entered private practice. Peter lives in Rumson, New Jersey, with his wife, Christine. They have two children. His father and his son are Andover alumni.

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Bruno Marino ’73 Bruno Marino ’73 was affirmed as one of the newest members of the Peabody Advisory Committee (PAC) on November 5. Bruno has had a long association with the Peabody, dating to his time as a student at Andover. He worked closely with former museum director Richard “Scotty” MacNeish, stating, “The allure of the Peabody was that it offered an interdisciplinary approach to learning that I did not find in my core studies on campus.” Bruno worked on several projects with MacNeish, and ultimately incorporated some of MacNeish’s Tehuacán Valley corn samples into his Harvard

PhD dissertation. Bruno is enthusiastic about helping build a financially sustainable base for the museum, and he brings his entrepreneurial skills to the advisory committee. In a message to fellow PAC members, he said, “I feel privileged to return to the Peabody again to ‘give back’ to this extraordinary institution and to PA for the incredible lifelong journey it has offered me.” Bruno is founder and CEO of Planetary Emissions Management, a company dedicated to understanding and measuring climate change. He also is the father of Giacomo Marino ’18.

Donny Slater was affirmed as a new member of the Peabody Advisory Committee (PAC) on November 5. Donny worked in collections and education at the Peabody for 12 years before joining the faculty of PA’s history and social science department. Earlier this year, Donny earned a PhD degree from Brandeis University, where he based his doctoral research on the archaeology of Maya caves and their role in ritual and symbolism. He has

found numerous ways to connect his classes with Peabody collections and has become an amazing advocate for the Peabody among his faculty peers. Donny and Mark Cutler, instructor in Spanish, have led summer programs in Mexico and Peru, including their 2015 trip to Peru with the H.U.A.C.A. Project, which offers students a unique experience of archaeological exploration and linguistic and cultural immersion in that country.

Lindsay Randall was named the curator of education in June 2015 after serving as the Peabody’s museum educator since 2008. Lindsay has forged significant relationships with Phillips Academy faculty members and students, developed creative lessons, and led the Pecos Pathways program. She

also has worked diligently to extend the Peabody’s collaborative learning model with regional and national audiences. Lindsay brings her considerable talent for collaborative learning in history and archaeology to her new position.

Donny Slater

Lindsay Randall


In Memoriam

The Peabody Museum lost a great friend on February 24, 2015, with the passing of Carol Paradise Decker ’44. The daughter of Phillips Academy instructor Scott Paradise, Carol grew up on the PA campus before attending Abbot Academy, Connecticut College, and Columbia University. In the 1970s, she returned to school and received a Master of Divinity degree from Yale University. Carol and her husband, Fred, moved to Santa Fe, N.M., in 1980, after Fred’s retirement. Carol was passionate about her work to create community between members of different ethnic groups, and she founded the Vecinos del Norte program to support this mission. In 1991, she was named one of The New Mexican’s 10 Who Made a Difference, which honors those who share a love for northern New Mexico and for giving back to the community, and in 1992 she was named a Santa Fe Living Treasure. Carol was deeply involved in the Peabody’s Pecos Pathways program and recently published two books on Pecos: Pecos Pueblo People Through the Ages (2011) and The Great Pecos Mission, 1540–2000 (2012). A wonderful tribute to her appears in the Santa Fe New Mexican.


Profile for Phillips Academy

The Peabody Museum Annual Report  

2014-2015 Annual Report

The Peabody Museum Annual Report  

2014-2015 Annual Report