Pipeline Safety Excavators

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E xc av a to r s | C o n t r a c to r s | L a n d s c a p e r s | Fa r m e r s

P L E A S E TA K E o u r o nl i ne s u r vey Fo r a c h an c e to w i n an A p p l e Watc h ® o r Ye ti ® C o o l e r ! D E TA I L S O N B AC K

PIPELINE SAFE T Y Important safety guidelines for working and digging near pipelines Emergency Phone Number 1-877-267-2290

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Project planning

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Safe digging practices

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Elite Partner Program

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How to recognize a pipeline leak

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What to do if you suspect a leak

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Special consideration for Farmers & Ranchers

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Free Safety Tailgate Meeting Guides

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Información en Español

PIPELINE SAFE T Y I S E VERYONE’S RE SP ON SIBILIT Y Energy product pipelines are an unseen and unheard network of lines crisscrossing our country and providing critical energy resources to our communities, states and our country. According to the National Transportation Safety Board, pipelines are the safest way to carry energy products. That’s why they can be found in our neighborhoods, parks and even under our farms and ranches. Every day, our pipelines safely gather and transport the raw and refined petroleum products (like crude oil, gasoline, diesel and

jet fuel) that keep our homes comfortable, our transportation systems running smoothly and create the lifesaving plastics products that we use in our day-to-day lives. But, despite an exemplary safety record, the rare pipeline emergency can occur and it pays to be prepared.

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Our nation’s pipeline industry has maintained a consistent and successful safety record. Pipelines are monitored regularly by air, on foot and with sophisticated 24-hour electronic inspection systems; but natural elements - such as erosion and flooding - can change a pipeline’s depth of cover. As someone who digs, it is important that you do so safely to avoid causing damage to pipelines and other underground utilities. Pipeline product hazards - like fire or explosion - depend on the specific type of energy product carried in the pipeline. Even smaller incidents can result in significant monetary loss for yourself and your community due to fines, traffic disruptions and job interruptions. If you suspect a leak or notice anything unusual in the area of a pipeline, it is best to leave the area immediately. Dial 911, then notify Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC’s emergency line at 1-877-267-2290. Markers, similar to the illustration above, indicate the general location of a line but never its depth. It is a common misconception that the precise location of a pipeline can be determined by drawing a straight line between markers. This is not true. While pipeline markers are good indicators that there is a pipeline nearby, they only show the approximate location of the line and will not indicate the curvature or angle of the pipes underground.

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PROJEC T PL ANNING G E T TO K N OW PI PA The Pipelines and Informed Planning Alliance (PIPA) is a broad initiative led and supported by the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA). PIPA has prepared a list of recommended best practices and actions that should be taken when there are proposed changes in land use or when there is new development adjacent to existing transmission pipelines.

S PEC I F I C C O N S I D E R AT I O N S FO R L A N D - U S E PL A N N E R S Help ensure that you are protected from personal liability suits and that your project stays free from interruptions, safety incidents and hefty fines by using this list every time that you are involved in project planning: 1. Pipeline operators should be part of all planning and zoning conversations from the start. Consult the National Pipeline Mapping System and call 811 at the beginning of your project. This helps to eliminate unnecessary re-work and keeps project timelines on track. 2. Always place a call to 811 before moving soil, engaging heavy machinery or beginning demolition work. 3. Be sure to work through these questions with the pipeline operator: • Is there adequate planned access to the right-of-way? • What steps should be taken to prevent construction-related excavation damage? • In what ways can the right-of-way be value-adding? Green space, parks, trails, etc.? 4. If an excavation takes place within 25 ft. of a Phillips 66 pipeline, a Phillips 66 company representative must be on site.

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PIPELINE LOCATION PH I L L I P S 6 6 PI PE L I N E L LC M A PPI N G SY S T E M Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC provides a handy and userfriendly tool for determining the approximate location of its pipelines and terminals. These maps are liveupdated, contain the most recent information on our active pipelines and assets, and can be easily searched by typing in any address in the United States. To view, visit https://www.phillips66.com/ pipeline-safety/map/.

N AT I O N A L PI PE L I N E M A PPI N G SY S T E M The National Pipeline Mapping System (NPMS) is a web program which will show you the approximate location of gas and hazardous liquid transmission lines near any searched address. It can be extremely useful to refer to the NPMS while you are in the planning phase of an excavation project to avoid unforeseen project complications. It’s important to know that NPMS does not include gathering or distribution pipelines. Visit npms.phmsa.dot.gov to learn more.

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Pipeline markers also indicate the approximate location of pipelines (see page 5). Though these markers and the online mapping systems are helpful tools, they have limitations. The only way to pinpoint a pipeline’s exact location is to call 811, the national “Call Before You Dig” number.


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KNOW YOUR MARKERS Special signs, called pipeline markers, let you know that a pipeline is nearby. The markers are placed along pipeline easements and are often found at road and railway crossings, fence lines and street intersections. These markers identify the type of product carried in the line, the operator’s name and an emergency phone number in case of an incident. Markers, similar to the one in the photo at left, indicate the general location of a line but never its depth. It is a common misconception that the precise location of a pipeline can be determined by drawing a straight line between markers. While pipeline markers are good indicators that there is a pipeline nearby, they only show the approximate location of the line and will not indicate the curvature or angle of the pipes underground.

PA R T N E R S I N R I G H T- O F - WAY It’s important for property developers and landscapers to work closely with pipeline operators to maintain rights-of-way. It is crucial that these areas are kept clear of trees, shrubs, fences, structures, equipment and other things that would impede an operator’s ability to conduct inspections, make routine repairs or respond to an emergency.

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CALL 811

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D I A L 81 1 Every digging job - large or small, repeated or not requires that you call 811, the federally-mandated “Call Before You Dig” phone number before you begin excavating. Make sure that you comply with the law and call at least three business days before you begin your project. When you hire someone to dig. Make sure they call 811. The 811 service is fast, easy and FREE. Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC is a member of the state One-Call center network. Calls placed to 811 are routed to your local One-Call center, which in turn contacts the appropriate company to locate pipelines or other buried utilities. The pipeline or utility owner will then perform a free survey and mark the planned dig site with flags or paint.

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PREPARING TO DIG S A F E D I G G I N G PR E PA R AT I O N White lining is the process of marking out the planned excavation site with white paint or flags prior to digging. The proposed dig site is identified by a continuous line or dash while dots mark the site radius or arcs.


Once you’ve called 811, trained locating technicians will come out to your site and mark underground facilities with colored flags, stakes or paints. Various marker colors identify planned electrical, water or other elements of construction. After the requisite three days, you may begin your project. Never remove the flags, stakes or paint before an excavation project is completed. Visit https://commongroundalliance.com/ Tools-Resources/Map to learn more.

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81 1 B E S T PR AC T I C E S • Avoid project delays by allowing adequate scheduling time. • Provide accurate information about the dig location and outline proposed dig site with white paint or flags. • Ensure that utility companies have access to the excavation site in order to mark pipeline locations. Wait until all lines are located and marked before you dig. • Once a pipeline is marked, respect the markings and dig carefully. • Follow the excavation requirements of your state’s One-Call law and CGA’s Best Practices. This may include hand-digging, soft-digging, vacuum methods and the use of pneumatic hand tools.

Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC requires our own employees to always call 811 before beginning any digging project.

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IN CA SE OF EMERGENCY In the event you damage or make any


contact, pull, snag, nick, dent or scrape

Many petroleum products have a distinct odor, such as sulfur (rotten eggs), or a strong petroleum-like odor. That said, you cannot depend on odor alone to determine a leak. In fact, most large diameter pipelines are not odorized, and the intensity of odor is no indication of the severity of a leak. Use visual cues and listen for unusual sounds whenever working in the area of a pipeline.

to a Phillips 66 pipeline, please contact the emergency line at 1-877-267-2290.

PROT EC T, O B S E R V E & R E P O R T Minor damage to a pipeline can result in future problems that could harm property or the environment or pose a risk to human life. If you suspect a pipeline has been hit, regardless of the damage, immediately call the Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC emergency number at 1-877-267-2290. Being able to recognize security threats or suspicious activity and reporting those threats will prepare you to know what to do in the event of a pipeline emergency and how to share these important safety messages with others.

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I F YO U S U S PEC T A L E A K , D O :


• Leave the area immediately and walk into the wind and away from the site.

• Do not operate any machinery.

• Warn all non-emergency personnel to stay away. • Avoid contact with any fluids or vapors escaping from the pipeline. • From a safe area, call 911 to report the leak. • Call the pipeline operator using the number provided on a nearby pipeline marker, if you can do so safely. Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC’s emergency phone number is 1-877-267-2290.

• Never attempt to operate pipeline valves or extinguish a pipeline fire. This could potentially prolong an incident, cause another leak in the pipeline and risk your life and the lives of others. • Do not create a spark. Potential ignition sources include, but are not limited to: smoking materials, open flames, cell phones, flashlights, vehicle keyless entry remotes and motorized vehicles or equipment.

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SPECIFIC CONSIDERATIONS FOR FARMERS AND RANCHERS According to the Common Ground Alliance (CGA), there are 2 million farms in the United States, and 9.5 million acres of this country are used for farming or ranching activities. Due to the sheer surface area that these businesses cover, they are uniquely at risk of coming in contact with a pipeline or utility line buried underneath their land. Rural communities often contain major oil and gas pipelines which must be avoided while digging to prevent accidents. Even if you know the general location of the pipeline, always call 811 before digging. Natural elements, like erosion, may have caused the ground around the pipeline to change, shifting the line’s depth of cover.

W H E N TO C A L L To prevent harming your community and to avoid potentially long-lasting harm to your property, farmers and ranchers should always call 811 before performing the following tasks: chisel plowing, deep ripping or tilling, subsoiling or terracing, creek maintenance, drainage ditch clean out, waterway building, drain tile installation or any other excavation activity. Have your projects surveyed for free by calling 811 and keep yourself, your land and your loved ones safe.

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FUELING OUR WORLD Pipelines are the most reliable method for moving energy products and are crucial to meeting our nation’s growing economic and energy needs.

Pipelines are the most reliable method for moving energy products and are crucial to meeting our nation’s

foot, provide regular operation and safety training for our employees, provide emergency preparedness

growing economic and energy needs. Because of their importance, pipelines operate under many government regulations and industry standards in order to ensure safe and reliable operation. These guidelines touch on all aspects of pipeline construction and operation such as where and how they can be built, how (and how often) they should be tested and maintained, and provide rules for the day-to-day operation of our nation’s pipeline infrastructure.

materials to local officials, proactively clear easements and use sophisticated pipeline monitoring and in-line inspection technology to monitor the health of our pipelines 24 hours a day.

Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC is committed to the safety of our communities, which is why we employ a wide variety of safety and inspection processes to ensure that we meet and exceed governmental requirements and industry best practices. We routinely inspect surface conditions via air and on

Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC is proud of our safety record. We track our performance using industry-leading safety metrics including the rate of injuries where medical attention was needed (TRR), process safety events and hydrocarbon spills beyond secondary containment. You can view our performance record details by visiting www.phillips66.com/sustainability.

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U SEFUL RE SOURC E S F R E E TA I LG AT E M E E T I N G G U I D E S Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC has developed eight free meeting guides (available in both English and Spanish) to help you document your safety efforts at your OSHA-recommended, weekly safety tailgate meetings. These meeting guides can help mitigate service disruptions, harm to you or your employees and possible fines and liability for costly pipeline repairs. The free guides, which are based on the Common Ground Alliance’s Best Practices guidance document, can be downloaded at https://www.phillips66.com/pipeline-safety/ resources/.

A D D I T I O N A L I N FO R M AT I O N & R E S O U R C E S Visit https://commongroundalliance.com/ToolsResources/Map to learn more. Pipelines and Informed Planning Alliance www.primis.phmsa.dot.gov/comm/pipa/landuseplanning.htm

811 Information and Best Practices www.call811.com

Learn more about Pipeline Safety https://www.phillips66.com/pipeline-safety/

Common Ground Alliance www.commongroundalliance.com

Pipelines 101 www.pipeline101.com

CONSTRUCTION & MAINTENANCE Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC has procedures in place for conducting excavations and repairs on pipelines in compliance with U.S. Department of Transportation regulations. These procedures include risk assessment as well as planning and safety requirements. A written plan is prepared for each project. Where applicable, all affected parties – including employees, pipeline controllers, contractors, other utilities, neighbors and local emergency responders – are made aware of the plan.

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INFORMAC IÓN EN E SPAÑOL Guarde esta importante información de seguridad Los ductos son una red invisible que transporta productos energéticos. Aunque los ductos son reconocidos por la Junta Nacional de Seguridad del Transporte como la forma más segura de transportar productos como petróleo crudo, productos refinados y líquidos peligrosos, aunque muy raramente, pueden ocurrir emergencias en los ductos y es importante estar preparados. Casi todos los incidentes de ductos son prevenibles. De hecho, la mayoría de los problemas serios que involucran ductos son el resultado de una excavación indebida o no autorizada cerca de un ducto. Si sospecha un problema, es importante que sepa qué acciones debe tomar de inmediato.

UBICACIÓN DEL DUCTO Siempre llame al 8-1-1 antes de comenzar a cavar, sin importar cuan grande o pequeño sea el proyecto de excavación, de manera que los ductos presentes en el sitio del trabajo puedan ser marcardos de forma gratuita. Busque los marcadores de ductos y visite la página de internet; www.npms.phmsa.dot.gov para ubicar los ductos que están cerca de usted.

EN CASO DE EMERGENCIA Si nota charcos inusuales de líquido, un brillo aceitoso en el agua, soplado de niebla vaporosa o suciedad, vegetación descolorida, silbidos o ruidos rugientes u olores extraños cerca del ducto, abandone el área de inmediato, notifique a los demás que se mantengan alejados y llame al 911.

PROTÉJASE A SÍ MISMO Y A LOS DEMÁS Ayude a evitar daños a los ductos trabajando en estrecha colaboración con los operadores de tuberías para mantener un claro derecho de paso. Es crucial que estas áreas se mantengan libres de árboles, arbustos, estructuras, cercas y equipos pesados que impidan la capacidad del operador para realizar inspecciones, realizar reparaciones de rutina o responder a una emergencia.

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UBICACIÓN DEL DUCTO Las excavaciones indebidas o no autorizadas son la causa más común de serios problemas y daños graves a los ductos. Evite dañar accidentalmente un ducto SIEMPRE llamando al 8-1-1 o al centro de llamadas “One-Call Center” tres días hábiles antes de proceder a excavar. ¡Es la ley! El 811 o One-Call es un servicio gratuito a nivel nacional que alerta a los operadores de ductos subterráneos y de servicios públicos, como Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC, para que procedan a marcar la ubicación de sus líneas cerca de su proyecto de excavación. Marcando el sitio o área de excavación con pintura blanca o usar banderas antes de excavar permitirá a los técnicos de localización conocer el sitio de excavación propuesto. Los localizadores

marcarán el sitio con banderas, estacas o pintura de differente colores. Nunca quite las banderas, estacas o pintura antes que de completer un proyecto de excavación. Los marcadores de ductos, que se colocan a intervalos regulares cerca de las trayectorias de los ductos, identifican la ubicación general del ducto. Estos marcadores/letreros se encuentran comúnmente en carreteras, ferrocarriles, cruces de agua y cercas. Los marcadores identifican qué tipo de producto se transporta, el nombre del operador y el número de teléfono de emergencia. Estos marcadores actúan como un recordatorio de que un ducto está cerca y no sustituyen llamar al 811 antes de excavar.

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En una emergencia, llame primero al 911 y luego llame al numero de emergencia de Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC 1-877-267-2290.

EN CASO DE EMERGENCIA Las señales de advertencia de que hay una emergencia en el ducto incluyen: charcos inusuales de líquido, burbujeo continuo en agua estancada, brillo aceitoso en el agua, soplado de niebla vaporosa o suciedad, vegetación descolorida, silbidos o ruidos rugientes u olores extraños, acres o parecidos al petróleo. Algunos productos son inodoros y no se pueden detectar mediante el olor solomente o pueden llegar incluso a afectar su sentido del olfato, por lo que es importante estar atento a sonidos inusuales cerca del ducto.

Si sospecha que hay un problema, abandone el área inmediatamente y adviértele a los demás de que se mantengan alejados. Nunca intente operar válvulas u otros equipos. Elimine las posibles fuentes de ignición, por ejmeplo: llamas abiertas, teléfonos celulares, controles remotos de vehículos y vehículos o equipos motorizados. Desde un área segura, llame al 911 para reportar la fuga y luego llame al número de teléfono de emergencia de Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC al 1-877-267-2290. Respete los marcadores y cave con cuidado. Si un ducto ha sido jalado, sacudido, enganchado, mellado, abollado, raspado o tocado de cualquier manera, reporte el daño, llamando al número de emergencia de Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC al 1-877-267-2290. Si hay un daño que ha causado un fuga, llame al 911 y después llame al número de emergencia de Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC.

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PROTÉJASE A SÍ MISMO Y A LOS DEMÁS Siempre llame a 811 antes de instalar una cerca, piscinas, sistemas sépticos, árboles o patios, reporte cualquier actividad sospechosa y comparta esta importante información de seguridad con aquellos con quienes trabaja, sus empleados y contratistas. Para obtener más información sobre Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC, visite https://www.phillips66.com/ pipeline-safety/.

I F YO U S U S P E C T A P R O B L E M AT O U R T E R M I N A L , O R S E E S U S P I C I O U S O R U N S A F E AC T I V I T Y N E A R O N E O F O U R P I P E L I N E S , D I A L 91 1 T O R E P O R T T H E N C A L L T H E P H I L L I P S 6 6 P I P E L I N E L L C E M E R G E N C Y L I N E AT 1- 877- 2 67- 2 2 9 0.

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Emergency Phone Number


P L E A S E TA K E O U R O N L I N E S U R V E Y FO R A C H A N C E T O W I N A N A P P L E WAT C H ® O R Y E T I ® C O O L E R! To take the survey, go to: survey.pdigm.com/P66 or scan the QR code and enter your WebCode below.

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