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Moodle 2.2 Update from 1.9 North Dakota University System

Advanced Learning Technologies


Copyright Information This is a document of Advanced Learning Technologies of the North Dakota University System. North Dakota University System institutions and its users are allowed to create, develop, copy, and use this document or derivatives thereof for internal training purposes, pursuant to any licensing or copyright issues.

With this document, portions were taken verbatim from http://docs.moodle.org. Moodle documentation is Copyright @2005 onwards by the individual authors as noted. It is provided to all under the terms of the GNU Public License.

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Table of Contents About Moodle ............................................................................................................................................... 5 Training Goals ........................................................................................................................................... 5 Interface .................................................................................................................................................... 6 Themes .................................................................................................................................................. 6 Examples of New Themes ..................................................................................................................... 7 Docking Blocks .......................................................................................................................................... 8 Navigation Block ....................................................................................................................................... 9 Settings Block ............................................................................................................................................ 9 Course administration............................................................................................................................. 10 Settings................................................................................................................................................ 10 Switch Role to‌................................................................................................................................... 10 My Profile Settings .............................................................................................................................. 10 Comments Block ................................................................................................................................. 10 Managing Content .................................................................................................................................. 11 Content Management Improvements ................................................................................................ 11 Workflow Example .............................................................................................................................. 12 Locating the File and Folder ................................................................................................................ 14 HTML Text Editor ................................................................................................................................ 14 Quiz Changes ....................................................................................................................................... 16 Conditional Activities .............................................................................................................................. 17 Grade Condition .................................................................................................................................. 18 Completion Tracking ............................................................................................................................... 19 Activity Completion............................................................................................................................. 19 Course Completion status block ......................................................................................................... 20

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Blogs ........................................................................................................................................................ 21 Adding a blog entry ............................................................................................................................. 21 Course Blogs............................................................................................................................................ 21 External blogs ...................................................................................................................................... 22 Wikis ........................................................................................................................................................ 22 Forums .................................................................................................................................................... 23 Standard forum displayed in blog-like format .................................................................................... 23 Workshop ................................................................................................................................................ 24 Setup phase......................................................................................................................................... 24 Submission phase................................................................................................................................ 25 Assessment phase ............................................................................................................................... 25 Grading evaluation phase ................................................................................................................... 25 Closed .................................................................................................................................................. 26 Rubrics..................................................................................................................................................... 26 MyMobile ................................................................................................................................................ 28 Training Resources ...................................................................................................................................... 29 Book: Moodle 2.0 First Look ............................................................................................................... 29 Websites.............................................................................................................................................. 29

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About Moodle Moodle is an open source learning management system (LMS) used at institutions in the North Dakota University System (NDUS) to support and manage learning for students, faculty and staff. Moodle provides an opportunity for faculty to extend their teaching capabilities and service students, as well as support learning communities.

Moodle’s structure is founded upon a specific learning-centered education philosophy called social constructionism whereby people learn through engaging in the social process of constructing knowledge. Activities like Moodle’s Workshop make learning central to the task. Moodle provides the capability to discuss and share digitally created artifacts for learning. In contrast to other LMS’s, Moodle focuses on sharing ideas and actively engaging students in the construction of knowledge; when used as intended Moodle goes beyond simply delivering information.

The North Dakota University System first implemented Moodle in 2008. Moodle has always had the capability to incorporate Web 2.0 technologies and now this latest version has evolved to incorporate mobile computing, support stronger integration with third party add-on products, and to extend the reach of learning communities.

Training Goals The goal of this course is to provide Moodle users with a comprehensive understanding of the changes and new features in Moodle 2.2 including: Moodle’s interface and existing activities

Content management

Conditional activities

Completion tracking

Updates to blogs and forums

Rubrics

MyMobile Prerequisite: This manual is intended for users with prior experience using Moodle 1.9 in an academic or support environment. For an introductory overview of Moodle 2.2, see training resources located at the end of this guide.

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Interface The Moodle 2.2 interface is more versatile than earlier versions with updated themes and Blocks that dock to the side. Your Moodle course may look somewhat different, depending on which theme you or your institution has decided to use.

Themes If your NDUS institution allows for selecting your own course theme, you will notice there a total of 20 new themes with updated looks. Some of the themes have a classic Moodle feel, while others allow for more customization.

To change your course theme: 1. In your course, go to Settings > Course administration and click on Edit Settings. 2. In the edit course settings page, scroll down and find Force theme.

Changing Themes If you don’t like the theme you have chosen, you can always switch it back simply by repeating the process and choosing your original theme again. *View themes at: http://moodle.org/mod/data/view.php?id=6552

3. In the Force theme menu, pick your theme and click Save changes at the bottom of the page.

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Examples of New Themes

Binarius theme

Boxxie theme

Splash theme

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Docking Blocks Need more space on your course page? Want to focus more on the content of the page? Moodle allows you to dock course blocks to the left side and then return them back to their original position one at a time or with a single click. Currently, the default NDUS theme does not support docking of blocks however other themes do.

How to dock course blocks 1. Locate the block you would like to dock and click on the right-most rectangular icon. 2. The dock disappears to the left and is replaced with a tab.

3. To see the content of the block hover your mouse over the tab. 4. To return the block to its original place, hover your mouse over the tab and click on the blue shaded dock icon. 5. If you have many blocks docked to the side, you can return them all by clicking on the blue shaded box at the bottom left of your main course page.

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Navigation Block The new Navigation block provides easy access to various sections of the Moodle site and includes: 

Home - quick access to the NDUS homepage

My home - a personalized home page displaying links to the courses a user is associated with and activity information such as unread forum posts and upcoming assignments.

Site pages - links to site pages and resources from the front page of Moodle.

My profile - quick links allowing a user to view their profile, forums posts, blogs and messages as well as manage their private files.

My courses - links to courses (by course short name) the user is associated with. Click the course's short name to view the front page of the course or use the arrows to navigate quickly to a specific section, resource or activity.

Settings Block The settings block is new to Moodle 2.2 and is divided into 3 main sections: 1. Course administration 2. Switch role to… 3. My profile settings.

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Using Navigation Links You can avoid navigating to an expired page by using the Navigation links or “breadcrumbs” instead of the back and forward buttons in your browser. This ensures you always see the latest version of a page (example: a Forum with new posts). Be careful to update, save or post any changes you make before moving on to another page to avoid losing your work.

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Course administration Settings New Course administration settings in Moodle 2.2 include the addition of completion tracking, filter settings, and access to your repositories.

Switch Role to… Switch Role To allows instructors to see Moodle in different roles such as a student, non-editing teacher or even a guest. The roles you are allowed depends on your access to Moodle.

My Profile Settings My Profile Settings allows you to work with your own personal profile. You can also configure your messages and add/configure blogs.

Comments Block It’s now much easier to “have your say” in Moodle. The Comments block can be added to any page to allow users to add comments. Comments placed in this block can be seen by all within the course. Ideas for using the new Comments block: 

Place the Comments block on the main course page so students can give feedback to the tutor

Place the Comments block on an individual resource or activity

Place the Comments block on a teacher-only page (the assignment marking screen) so teachers can moderate work together privately

Use for adding a blog post to a specific course commenting on a blog entry

Use for importing an external blog into your Moodle blog (Source: http://www.moodleblog.net/?p=227)

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Managing Content The way Moodle 2.2 handles and stores files works a lot more like Web 2.0 systems, such as Facebook and Google Docs in that each activity and each text has its own file area, and files are associated directly with the place it is used. For example, a file attached to a forum post is stored "with" the forum post, and becomes subject to exactly the same access restrictions.

The Files system is closely connected with the Repository system and a file picker which makes it easy to browse external and internal repositories for files and then copy them into Moodle. Certain repositories also allow you to link directly to their media files. Repositories in general are the way of the future for content - most Web 2.0 systems are really repositories of data with various management interfaces. The advantage with such systems is eliminating redundancy; it is no longer necessary to store the same file in multiple locations.

A private files area is provided for each user to store a collection of files for their own use. This is useful for students as well as teachers, and makes it easy to access files such as media. Only you can access your own private files.

Content Management Improvements Integrity If a forum post with attached files (such as images) is imported into another course, then the files move with it. Anyone in the new course will also see the files. This makes activities more portable and reusable. If two activities use the same file and one is deleted, then the other one is not affected.

Security Access to files is governed the same way as the items that they attached to, which is what people expect. All files are now controlled by the settings in the Moodle interface, including roles and permissions.

Re-usability It is now fast and easy to re-use files across Moodle. Using the file picker, a recently-used file may easily be chosen, or a file from any course a user has access to.

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Backups Backups of activities are small and accurate, because Moodle knows exactly what files to include.

Internationalization There is no restriction on file names - even files with names in Japanese may be used.

Repositories The world is turning towards better management of files and less "dumping" of files into disks. There are many repository solutions out there (such as the one we will use called Alfresco) that focus on better management of files, with versioning, workflow, metadata and other features.

Workflow Example Goal: add a syllabus for an English 101 course. 1. In the course, turn editing on. 2. Select the Add a resource drop-down list and choose File. 3. In the Adding a new File page give the resource a name and a description.

4. On the same page, under Content, choose Add‌ to add a file or Create a Folder for storing multiple files.

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Creating Folders for Storing Files 5. Give the folder a name and click OK. In this example, a folder named “Syllabus Folder” has been created.

Adding a File to the Folder 6. Click on the Syllabus Folder (notice the change in path/location).

7. Click Add… 8. New in Moodle 2, the File Picker window appears and you can now find and upload your file by clicking on Upload a file on the left side of the screen. 9. Click Browse to find and open your file. 10. Optional: use the Save As field to assign a different file name.

11. Select Upload this file to finish and view uploaded files. NDUS Advanced Learning Technologies

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Locating the File and Folder You can find the file on the server from within your course by: 1. Turn editing on 2. In the Add a resource dropdown list, choose to Add a file or folder 3. Locate the content section and choose Add‌ The File picker appears 4. Click on Server files (Note: In the picture below, the view is set to View as list) 5. In the list, you can now follow the path to your uploaded item

HTML Text Editor Moodle 2 has a new text editor called TinyMCE. This new editor has a few more functions than the older version including a new feature that allows you to cut and paste from a Microsoft Word file without losing your format. Some of the usual places you will find the text editor include Editing Section headings, description of an activity, writing an answer to a quiz question or editing the content of many blocks. You will find that Moodle 2 offers the text editor in more places than it did in older versions.

The text editor divides functions into groups lightly shaded in the background. Here is a list of those groups:

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Row 1- Font, size and heading group - Undo and Redo group - Find and Replace group - Full screen toggle Row 2- Text effect group - Line format group - Formatting group (clean up messy code, remove formatting, paste as plain text, paste form Word) - Color group - Paragraph group Row 3- Number and Bullets and indents - Link group - Insert group (images, emoticons, media, non-breaking space characters, custom characters, tables) - HTML source toggle & spellchecker

The color picker now gives many more options than before for getting the exact color you need! Just click on More colors at the bottom and select the best tab for your needs: Picker, Palette, or Named.

A quick pick 5x8 matrix A rainbow color picker tab of colors

A Pallet tab with a 18x12 A Named tab with custom pallets matrix of colors (Source: tinymce.com)

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Quiz Changes The quiz activity in Moodle 2 has been given a fresh look and some added features. Here are some of the biggest changes you will find. 

Improved aesthetics of main quiz features

and layouts 

Progress notification system available to

students as they work their way through the quiz.

A built in option for marking specific questions for later, before or after a quiz is finished. Students may want to mark a question and come back to it before submitting their quiz, or to let the teacher know they had a question or concern that needed to be addressed.

Clearer quiz submission options, including a quiz attempt summary on the last page of a quiz that shows students stats on their progress (and shows any unanswered questions).

Reorganization of quiz configuration and setting options with more options for html editing of feedback and more review options.

The quiz building page has been reorganized, including: o

faster building options

o

clearer quiz organization and page breaks

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

Individual overrides for specific students or groups of students



Manually graded quiz questions.

Conditional Activities Conditional Activities is one of the most anticipated features of Moodle 2. This new feature enables teachers to restrict the availability of any activity according to certain conditions such as dates, grade obtained, or activity completion. This gives flexibility in how your course appears, when items are available, and even allows you to send students down different learning paths within the same course. You will find the Conditional activities in the Restrict access area of the settings page for any activity in Moodle. Restrict access settings options may change slightly depending on the activity.

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Grade Condition Grade Conditions can be used to hide specific activities until a certain condition or set of criteria has been met. You can specify that a condition be met on one or more of the following: any graded activity in the course, the full course grade, the grade for any activity, or a custom grade that you create manually. When adding more than one condition, all the conditions must be met in order for the activity to appear.

Creating a Grade Condition 1. Under Grade condition, find the activity for which the specific condition must be met. 2. Enter a minimum value (at least percentage), a maximum value (less than percentage), both, or neither. The activity will only appear if the student has a value for the specified grade, and if it falls within any specified number range. The range numbers can be fractional (up to five decimal places) if necessary. 

Maximum values: if the maximum is set to 7.5, only scores up to 7.49999 will be included.



Setting multiple activities for different learning paths: When creating multiple activities that appear according to grade ranges, use the same number for the maximum of one activity, and the minimum of the next. For example, you could set a new learning path for students depending on a module quiz. In the settings of activity #1, you could set the module quiz score to a minimum of 7.5 before activity #1 is available to students. Then, in the settings of activity #2, set the module quiz to at least 7.5. Students scoring up to and including 7.49999 will

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have activity #1 available; students scoring 7.5 or better, will have activity #2 available. This will send students down a different learning path. 3. The last setting allows the instructor to either hide or gray out the activity before conditions are met. 4. Click Save at the bottom of the page.

Completion Tracking Moodle 2 allows you to track the completion of an activity, a course, or both.

Activity Completion Activity completion allows the teacher to set completion criteria in the settings for a specific activity. A check (tick) appears against the activity when the student meets the criteria. The criterion might be viewing, receiving a certain score, or a student marking it as complete.

You can turn the activity completion on or off in the Settings block > Course administration > Edit Settings. > Student progress section.

In the Navigation block, instructors can find detailed activity completion reports.

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You can set the activity completion requirements in the settings page of each activity under the section called Activity completion. If you require your student to achieve a specific grade before an activity is complete, then you must set a grade for the activity through the Gradebook.

Setting a Completion Activity Using the Gradebook 1. In the Settings block select Grades. 2. In the Gradebook, click on the Categories and items tab. 3. Under the Actions column for the grade item click the edit icon. 4. Select the Show advanced button. 5. Fill in the Grade to pass field. 6. Save changes at the bottom of the page.

Course Completion status block Course Completion is a block that you enable and add to the course. The student and teacher will both see this block. It displays what has been done towards completing the course. The More details link will lead to a more detailed report. This report can have some interactive elements in the form of check boxes for the student and teacher including the ability to download to a spreadsheet.

Course completion can also be set to allow for self-completion by students or teachers. In this case, another block, the Self completion block, must also be added.

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Blogs Blogs in Moodle 2 are user based rather than course-based. Each user has their own blog. Users can also register their external blogs, such as Blogger or Wordpress, so that entries are automatically included in their Moodle blog.

Adding a blog entry 1. From the Navigation block, click on Blogs > Add a new entry. a. Alternatively, if the Blog menu block is enabled in the course, click Add a new entry. 2. Write your entry and give it a title. 3. If you want to attach a file, click the Add button to access the File picker to locate a file. Be sure your document is smaller than the maximum attachment size. 4. Choose who you wish to publish the entry to. There are three options: a. Yourself (your blog entry is a draft) b. Anyone on your Moodle site 5. Select appropriate official tags for your entry. Multiple tags should be separated by a comma. 6. Click on the Save changes button.

Course Blogs 

If you click Add an entry about this course in the Blog menu block then you will have the option to associate your blog entry with your current course. o

Note: your blogs can still be seen elsewhere in Moodle, but this is a way outside of using tags to

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filter entries about a particular course within the course. 

Permalink, located at the bottom of the blog, gives you a direct link to that particular blog posting. This is so you can send a link to this specific post to someone else.

External blogs 

If enabled by an administrator, you can register external blogs, such as Blogger or Wordpress so that entries are automatically included in your Moodle blog. Go to Settings > My profile settings > Blogs > Register an external blog.

In the URL box, add the RSS feed of the blog you wish to register

Blog widgets or “Blidgets” can be embedded in your course. For example, if you have an external blog in WordPress you can place the widget on your main course page so students can click on a link to your latest blog post. The widget is automatically updated through an RSS feed. (Source: http://docs.moodle.org/21/en/Using_Blogs)

Wikis A new Wiki module in Moodle 2 makes it easier to create and delete pages. Pages can also be added through a link in the Navigation block. New links in the

Creating Wiki Pages When creating a new page with the Navigation block’s new option under your Wiki, you will still need to copy and paste the name of the new page onto the immediate parent page and surround it with double brackets. This creates a link to your new page and makes it accessible from the main Wiki page. Otherwise nobody will find the so called lost new page.

Navigation block allow immediate access to view, edit, comment, history, map, and Wiki files.

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Updated Wiki Interface

Forums The Moodle Forum module now offers a new choice called: 

Standard forum displayed in blog-like format.

Standard forum displayed in blog-like format This forum behaves in the same way as the default standard forum for general use, allowing users to start their own discussions. However, it displays differently in that the first post of each discussion is displayed (as in a blog) so that users can read it and then choose to respond by clicking the "Discuss this topic" button bottom right from the post.

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(Source Moodle.org)

Workshop The Workshop Activity allows for peer assessment of assignments. Students submit their work via an on line text tool and attachments. There are two grades for a student: their own work and their peer assessments of other students' work. There are five phases of workflow in a typical workshop:

Setup phase In this initial phase, Workshop participants cannot do anything (neither modify their submissions nor their assessments). Course facilitators use this phase to change workshop settings, modify the grading strategy or tweak assessment forms. You can switch to this phase any time you need to change the Workshop setting and prevent users from modifying their work.

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Submission phase In the submission phase, Workshop participants submit their work. Access control dates can be set so that even if the Workshop is in this phase, submitting can be allowed in the given time frame only. Submission start date (and time), submission end date (and time) or both can be specified.

Assessment phase Workshop participants assess the submissions allocated to them by their peers for review. As in the submission phase, access can be controlled by specified date and time since when or until when the assessment is allowed.

Grading evaluation phase The major task during this phase is to calculate the final grades for submissions and for assessments and provide feedback for authors and reviewers. Workshop participants cannot modify their submissions or their assessments in this phase any further. Course facilitators can manually override the calculated grades. Also, selected submissions can be set as published so they become available to all Workshop participants in the next phase.

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Closed Whenever the Workshop is being switched into this phase, the final grades calculated in the previous phase are pushed into the course Gradebook. This will result in the Workshop grades appearing in the Gradebook. Participants may view their submissions, their submission assessments and eventually other published submissions in this phase.

Rubrics Rubrics have been a long-requested feature in Moodle and is now available in Moodle 2.2. The Rubrics feature is the first of new advanced grading methods. Currently, Rubrics is only supported for the Assignment activity, but Moodle is working to extend the Rubrics feature across all modules.

By default, numerical grades in Moodle are selected by the teacher from a range like 0-100. When advanced grading methods are enabled, the grade selection element is replaced with a more complex assessment form provided by the Rubric plugin. The plugin contains the logic how to calculate the grade. Such a calculated grade is then passed back to the activity module as if the teacher used the standard grade value selector.

How to Assign Rubric as a Grading Method 1. Using Add an activity create an assignment in your course. 2. Assign a grade for the activity. By default the grade is set to 100. 3. Within the Grade section change the grading method to Rubric.

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4. Finish with the settings for your activity and click Save and display at the bottom.

How to Create a Rubric 1. In the Settings block located on either the left or right side of your screen, click on Advanced grading. 2. A new page appears allowing you to create a new rubric grading form from scratch, or you can select a template that has been premade, saved and shared.

Rubric Advanced Grading Method Video Tutorial For a video tutorial on using Rubric advanced grading method, go to: http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=KXavtUhDINA#

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MyMobile In Moodle 2.2 there is a standard theme custom-designed for smartphone browser screens. This means that when users visit any NDUS Moodle site on a small screen they'll see a completely different layout that is suitable for small touchscreens.

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Training Resources Book: Moodle 2.0 First Look http://issuu.com/livcoll/docs/packtpub.moodle.2.0.first.look.sep.2010

Websites Moodle: http://www.moodle.org Moodle Editor: http://www.tinymce.com/

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Moodle 2 Upgrade from 1.9  

This handout details some of the new features in Moodle 2.2.

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