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CONTENTS

Chapter I

The Civil War Begins

Chapter II

The Politics of War

Chapter III

Life During Wartime

Chapter IV Charge

The North Takes

Chapter V

The Legacy of the War


Chapter I The Civil War Begins

On February, 1861, Seven southern states seceded from Union to form the Confederate States of America. They began to attack offices, stations, forts of the Union. On March 4th Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth president of the United States had an announcement. The Lincoln's Dilemma. The new president faced two problem with the Fort Sumter. The Fort Sumter sent the Navy to attack the Confederacy - started the war and responsible for the attack. Evacuate the Fort, they accepted the Confederacy as a nation. The first shots, Abraham Lincoln made a political mane over, there is no surrender and no evacuate the Fort and he sent food to the Fort Sumter. Jefferson Davis


was confused, he announced not attack the Confederacy but attack the Union on April 12th. The batteries of the Confederacy shot over 4000 rounds before the Fort Sumter surrenders. The battle of Bull run began on July 21st. More than 30000 Union armies under command of General Irvin McDowell and Confederate armies under command of General Thomas Jackson.The Confederate won the battle but they didn't attack the Union capital.


Chapter II The Politics of the War

The Britain remains Neutral, they were no longer dependent on the Southern cotton but the Northern wheat and corn replaced it. The Trent Affair, Southern republicans were arrested tryong to go to England. Britain threatened the North with war if not released and Lincoln Ordered them to released. President Lincoln established the Proclaiming Emancipation which give the AfricanAmerican freedom and not to be slavery. The Draft Riot in New York City in 1863. Poor people were angry that they would have to fight for slaves.


Chapter III Life During War Time

The Union army recruited about 2,500,000 men, while the Confederate army had about 1,250,000 men. This was a significant part of the population during the Civil War. Many families were left with only mothers and daughters to run the household and earn money to feed and clothe the family. This picture shows a family in front of the house in which General Charles S. Winder died. Cedar Mountain, Virginia.


Chapter IV The North Takes Charge

They started the Battle of Gettysburg on July 1 - 3, 1863. Around the town of Gettysburg Virginia in three days. The Union was commanded by George G. Meade and the Confederacy was commanded by Robert E. Lee. The strength of the Union was 93921 soldiers, the strength of the Confederacy was 71699 soldiers.The result was the Union victory. The casualties of the war was: the Union got 3,155 killed, 14,531 wounded, 5,369 captured or missing. The Confederacy got 4,708 killed, 12,693 wounded, 5,830 captured or missing.


Chapter V The Legacy of the War

The causes were that people in the North didn't want slavery to spread to new states and wanted to eliminate it because it is immoral. The people in the south depended on the labor for their economy. Someone changed the law to allow new states to decide for themselves and Kansas became the place where blood was first drawn. After Lincoln was elected, some states left the Union. He tried to restore the Union but found he had to change the rules to eliminate all slavery to keep the Europeans out. Lincoln was killed and a southerner Johnson took over as president. He gave power back to the rich whites and Negroes were oppressed for another 100 years.


The Civil War