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graphic design history 2000

1860


This brochure is part of an assignment for Contextual and Cultural Referencing class at Prague College. Brochure consists the graphic design movements selected by author. Each movemement is shortly described and then four key artists / designer are shown with they typical work.

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Petr Skovajsa Didot 1301 CCR 3


Arts and Crafs 1860_1900 Arts and Crafts was an international design movement that flourished between 1860 and 1910, A reaction to the eclectic revival of historic styles of the Victorian era and to ‘soulless’ machine-made production aided by the Industrial Revolution. [wikipedia]

WILLIAM MORRIS

CHARLES R. MACKINTOSH

William Morris, Kennet wallpaper

Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Stained glass

MARGARET MCDONALD

FRANCES MCDONALD

Margaret MacDonald, Frances MacDonald

Frances MacDonald, Birds B ows Be ads- c.1 900

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Art Nouveau 1180_1914 An international decorative style whose identifying visual quality is an organic, plantlike line. Freed from roots and gravity, it can either undulate with whiplash energy or flow with elegant grace as it defnes modulates, and decorates a given space. [Megg’s History of Graphic Design]

JULES CHÉRET

EUGENE GRASSET

Palais de Glace, poster

Affiche Encre L. Marquet

ALPHONSE MUCHA

WILLIAM BRADLEY

Autumn

The Chap Book

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Futurism 1900_1930 Futurism was an artistic and social movement that originated in Italy in the early 20th century. It emphasized and glorified themes associated with contemporary concepts of the future, including speed, technology, youth and violence, and objects such as the car, the airplane and the industrial city. It was largely an Italian phenomenon, though there were parallel movements in Russia, England and elsewhere. [wikipedia]

GIACOMO BALLA

FORUNATO DEPERO

The Speed of a Motorcycle, 1907

Ciclista moltiplicato

MARCEL DUCHAMP

KURT SCHWITTERS

Nude Descending a Staircase, detail, 1912

Portal of Houses, 1918

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Art Deco 1910_1930 Are Deco is an eclectic artistic and design style that began in Paris, it was influenced by cubists and futurists. Art Deco was an ornamental style, and its lavishness is attributed to reaction to the forced austerity imposed by World War I. [wikipedia]

A. M. CASSANDRE

JEAN CARLU

SS Normandie

CAF Tous Voyages Aériens - Jean Carlu 1919

PAUL COLIN

AUSTIN COOPER

Paul Colin, Revue Nègre, 1924

Travel Poster- 1929

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Constructivism 1919_1922 Constructivism was an artistic and architectural philosophy that originated in Russia beginning in 1919, which was a rejection of the idea of autonomous art. The movement was in favour of art as a practice for social purposes. Constructivism had a great effect on modern art movements of the 20th century, influencing major trends such as Bauhaus and the De Stijl movement. [wikipedia]

ALEXANDER RODCHENKO

VAVARA STEPANOVA

The Sixth Part of the World, 1926

The Death of Tarelkin, 1922

GUSTAV KLUTSIS

EL LISSITZKY

Everyone vote, 1930

Self portret

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Bauhaus 1919_1933 Bauhaus was a school in Germany that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught. Bauhaus brings back together all artistic disciplines: sculpture, painting, arts and crafts. [wikipedia]

WALTER GROPIUS

LASZLO MOHOLY-NAGY

Walter Gropius

L谩szl贸 Moholy-Nagy, 1927

HERBERT BAYER

VASILY KANDINSKY

Postcard for the 1923 exhibition

On White II, 1923

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Amercian design 1925_1950 Impact of European immigrants to America (Max Ernst, Marcel DuChamp, Piet Mondrian, Walter Gropius, Mies Van De Rohe, Herbert Bayer, Herbert Matter, Josef Albers, Laszlo Maholy-Nagy and Ladislav Sutnar). Use of new technologies and materials, and the application of mass-production techniques to create affordable objects. [wikipedia]

LESTER BEALL

MEHEMED AGHA

Lester Beall, 1937

Mehemed Agha, 1930

ALEXEJ BRODOVICH

HERBERT MATTER

Alexej Brodovich

Ad for the container corporation of america, 1941

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New typography 1930_1950 The New Typography finds clarity through asymmetrical type that is organized by type content, rather than formalist type setting tradition. Designers organized the printed page as a blank field in which blocks of type and illustration could be arranged in harmonious, strikingly asymmetrical compositions. [wikipedia]

JAN TSCHICHOLD

ERIC GILL

Film poster Napoleon, 1927

Gill Sans type face

PIET ZWAR

LADISLAV SUTNAR

NKF Catalogue Pages 58-59, 1927-1928

Venuše Tančící go-go

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Swiss style 1950_1980 Swiss style (International typographic style) was based on ideals of rationalism and universal communication. Unified visual characteristics: sans-serif typography, neutrality, grid system. Historical context: Basel School of Design; Ernst Keller- “Father of Swiss School of Graphics asymmetrical layout, flush left, ragged right ege use of photography Early examples featured type-primary design element. [wikipedia]

MAX BILL

EMIL RUDER

Did farbe, 1944

Emil Ruder poster

ARMIN HOFMAN

JOSEF M. BROCKMANN

Poster, 1959

Poster

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Pop Art 1955_1980 Pop art challenged tradition by asserting that an artist’s use of the mass-produced visual commodities of popular culture is contiguous with the perspective of fine art. Pop removes the material from its context and isolates the object, or combines it with other objects, for contemplation. The concept of pop art refers not as much to the art itself as to the attitudes that led to it. [wikipedia]

ANDY WARHOL

ROY LICHTENSTEIN

Marilyn, 1967

Woman in Bath, 1963

JASPER JOHNS

EDUARDO PALOZZI

Map, 1961

Experience. 1964

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Psychedelic mov. 1958_1975 Many artists in the late 1960s and early 1970s attempted to illustrate the psychedelic experience. One example of this experimentation is seen in Mati Klarwein’s painting Annunciation, which was used as the cover art for Santana’s Abraxas. The cover of Pink Floyd’s 1968 album. The cover of Oasis’ 2008 album, Dig Out Your Soul, also has a psychedelic album cover, with a slightly muted color scheme. [wikipedia]

VICTOR MOSCOSO

WES WILSON

Poster, 1960

The sound, 1966

MILTON GLASER

PETER MAX

Bob Dylan, 1966

Peter Max, poster

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Street art 1955_1980 Graffiti is any type of public markings that may appear in the forms of simple written words to elaborate wall paintings. Graffiti has existed since ancient times, with examples dating back to Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire. In modern times, paint, particularly spray paint, and marker pens have become the most commonly used graffiti materials. [wikipedia]

BANKSY

BLEK LE RAT

SWOON

SHEPARD FAIRAY

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Post modernism 1970_2000 Postmodernism challenges the assumption that the object of study can be an autonomous entity. The values associated with the object are determined by the position from which the object is viewed and aesthetic appeal is regarded not as a universal value, outside of history, but rather as an ever-changing quality relative to the circumstance within which the object is consumed. [vads.ac.uk]

WOLFGANG WEINGART

DAN FRIEDMAN

Poster, 1983

Magazine cover, 1976

APRIL GREIMAN

WOLFGANG WEINGART

Iris Light, 1984

Adtistic

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Information vizual. 1970_2000 Data visualization is the study of the visual representation of data, meaning information that has been abstracted in some schematic form, including attributes or variables for the units of information. Main goal of data visualization is to communicate information clearly and effectively through graphical means. [wikipedia]

HERBERT BAYER

LADISLAV SUTNAR

Pages from World Geo-Graphic Atlas

1950

FRANCESCO FRANCHI

NICHOLAS FELTON

Newspapers

Current infographics

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Petr Skovajsa Didot 1301 CCR

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