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PETAR PEJICMSc. Arch Nikole Tesle 34, 25000 Sombor, Serbia pjetrusp@hotmail.com +38169 468-8266 (Serbia)

THIS IS MY ARCH PORTFOLIO ARCHITECTURAL WORKS

2009 - 2014


C/V

Petar Pejic

C

/V

Petar Pejic, MSc.Arch

Graduated Cum Laude at TU Delft Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment Netherlands

PERSONAL INFORMATION

date of birth: June 20, 1990 nationality: Serbian permanent address: Nikole Tesle 34, 25000 Sombor, Serbia marital status: single e-mail: pjetrusp@hotmail.com mobile: +381 69 468-8266 (Serbia) web reference: https://www.linkedin.com/in/petarpejic

E EXPERIENCE - Wohnmodelle. Experiment und Alltag (models of habitation) | organization and contribution with MVD from Vienna, Belgrade international week of architecture | 2010 - 6 months working at the architecture office ‘Studio MS’, Serbia | 2009 - 2010 - Co-operation in teaching at the Faculty of Architecture, University of Belgrade, on subject “CAD in architecture - software for green design” | 2011 - Participation in the exhibition of the best students works from the course Design Studio - project 1: architecture, at Faculty of Architecture | 2011 - participation in the exhibition of the best students works from the course Design Studio - project 2: architectural construction, at Faculty of Architecture | 2011 - Participation and a project published in National Symposium “Remembering the City” | 2011 - Professional excursion to „la Biennale di Venezia“ | 2010 - Professional excursion to Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Delft, Berlin, Munich | 2011

E EDUCATION 2012 - 2014 Master of Science degree Cum Laude (programme in Architecture, Urbanism and Building Sciences) at Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, TU Delft (Netherlands) 2009 - 2012 Bachelor of Architecture degree at Faculty of Architecture, University of Belgrade (Serbia) 2005 - 2009 Gymnasium “Veljko Petrovic” Division of Mathematical and Natural Sciences, Sombor (Serbia)

S SELECTED SKILLS - Computer software (Autodesk AutoCAD, Rhino, Grasshopper, Autodesk Revit Architecture, Graphisoft ArchiCAD, BIM, Autodesk Ecotect Analysis, Autodesk 3ds Max, Luxology Modo, Chaous Group Vray, Randomcontrol Fryrender, Next Limit Maxwell Render, Adobe Creative Suite, Microsoft Office) - Physical modelling - Photography

A ACHIEVEMENTS - Graduation with honors (Cum Laude) at Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, TU Delft (Netherlands) | 2014 - Archiprix nomination from TU Delft | 2014 (ongoing competition) - Shared first prize Tarket Flooring competition for reconstruction of office building | 2012 - Project featured in “Memory of the City” publication ISBN 978-86-912137-2-5 | 2011 - second prize on “Create the Future” competition by Siemens, in calloboration with David Brbaklic and Milan Nadoveza | 2009 - Vuk’s diploma for excellent study results in gymnasium “Veljko Petrovic”, Sombor (Serbia) | 2009 - Vuk’s diploma for excellent study results in elementary school “Ivo Lola Ribar”, Sombor (Serbia) | 2006

L LANGUAGES - Serbian (first language) - English (IELTS 7.5 score) - German (A1)

H HOBBIES - Photography - Drawing - Computer Art


TABLE OF CONTENTS

/01 /02 /03

APARTMENT ON THE TOP OF THE BUILDING

METRO STATION & URBAN ENVIRONMENT

CHARGING ROTTERDAM

program: Dwelling course: design studio 1 | architecture location: Rotterdam, Netherlands type: academic project / individual work level of the project: 2nd year / 1st semester

program: Metro station course: design studio 3 | urbanism location: Slavija, Belgrade type: academic project / group work level of the project: 3rd year / 1st

program: Dwelling course: MSc 1 / Architecture & Dwelling location: Rotterdam, Netherlands type: academic project / individual work level of the project: 4th year / 1st semester

03-07

08-14

15-21

please note: The purpose of this portfolio is not only to represent my projects done during architectural studies, but, at the same time, it should clearly show my thoughts, opinion, progress and attitude toward the field of architecture. Therefore, this will not be just a showdown of project, but rather a story - based projection of each design process, including textual, graphical and physical segments for each design stage. For me, architecture is not just a study programme, it expands into all other social as well as spiritual fields of life.

/04 /05 /06

ISTANBUL / RESEARCH GRADUATION WORK

ISTANBUL / DESIGN GRADUATION WORK

REDESIGNING PUBLIC SQUARES IN SUBOTICA

program: Public Building course: MSc 3 / Public Buildings location: Istanbul, Turkey type: academic project / individual work level of the project: 5th year / 1st semester

program: Public Building course: MSc 4 / Public Buildings location: Istanbul, Turkey type: academic project / individual work level of the project: 5th year / 2nd semester

program: Public Space open competition type: professional project group work (with Sfefan Jakovljevic) 2014

22-24

25-31

32-37

All of drawings / images exposed in this document were developed by me. Otherwise, it will be noted on the image itself.


Apartment On The Top Of The Building Course: Design Studio 1 | Architecture

/01

KEY DESCRIPTION

Create an apartment on the top of a building, for exclusive four member family habitation. Think about making a choice to live on the top of a skyscraper, all the advantages and flows of that decision. Think about a new environment, as well as a lack of direct contact with a ground. Apartment should not be bigger than 230m2 , and the only directive is that space should be open and multifunctional in every way.

03


Apartment On The Top Of The Building Course: Design Studio 1 | Architecture

/01

04

DESIGN STRATEGY

What does it mean to live on the top of a skyscraper? Find the most important advantages, and base a concept on those ideas. Freedom is the biggest virtue of that of space. Freedom from neighbours, freedom from noise, freedom from walls - freedom from traditional thinking about residential architecture. Combining that idea with the lack of physical environment, I found that one simple sketch of a cloud can explain my entire design strategy. Cloud, as something above us, something light, something without any boundaries whatsoever. Can I create an apartment that will be a cloud for exclusive living? A cloud that is open to all sides? A cloud that is always lit by a natural daylight? A cloud that is light and transparent (because it can!). I found that a cloud shape can be achieved by drawing circles, and than making a simple union out of them. So, I decided to create one big space, which is defined by 11 connected spheres, where the position and the size of each sphere depends only on the activity distribution inside the apartment. So, basic relationship between shape and function is achieved following simple method: decide the position of all functions in the apartment, and create the sphere with the corresponding radius.

author: Petar Pejic

One of the design guidelines from the beginning was orientation of the sun during the day, and placing corresponding activities with that in mind. Open living room and terrace to the south.

Create an evolution of residential objects. What about a free space? Free from walls, free from rooms, free from straight angles, free from artificial lighting.

CONCEPTUAL DIAGRAMS

Although shape may seem complex, it is actually very simple in it’s nature. It usmade just out of one element - sphere! Deliberately determination of sizes and positions of each element is only design principle.

Starting from a simple cloud shape. It is drawn as an union of simple circles. Simple, yet, effective solution.

Creating an union of 11 spheres. All 11 centres of the spheres are on the same height level, only with different radius.

Adding a boundary for the apartment. It follows the shape of the building under, and creates a space of around 230m2.

Exclude the part for the existing concrete core of the building, with the all communication inside (elevator and stairs).

final resulting shape of the apartment. Although it may seam complicated, the beauty of this design is in it’s simplicity.


Apartment On The Top Of The Building Course: Design Studio 1 | Architecture

/01

05

FLOOR PLAN

z

z

z

z

z

Floor plan is showing in a very clear way the concept of this project as one continual open space. Activities are positioned as a coordination of time of the specific activities with the sun orientation during the day.

z

CHILL - OUT

Oriented to the north side, reducing direct sun light to the minimum, while obtaining day light, it is perfect for nice, private space, aimed for relaxing and reading.

2

11 9

FACADE

10

Made out of dense profiles, giving the ability to see and understand the cloud shape. At the same time, it is defining an outer shape of the apartment. It is used a fence on the terrace

7

2

1

3

8

building core entrance hall living room dinning room kitchen bedroom bathroom kids bedroom bathroom chill-out room terrace terrace

1

1

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

BUILDING CORE

The position and the size of the building core is defined in the advance, by the task description. Inside is place all communication (stairs and elevators). Also, entrance to the apartment has to be adjecent to the position of the core.

6 5

12

author: Petar Pejic

LIVING ROOM

4

Living room is designed as an open, minimalists space, leaving the biggest impression on the shell itself. It is oriented on the south side, giving the maximum direct sunlight exposure.

13

2

floor plan scale 1:200

TERRACE

Open spaces which can be connected very easily with the living room, creating one big, physically open space, exposed to the south sun.

3D ASSEMBLY

With a 3D drawing of an assembly I wanted to show main elements of the apartment, as well as their mutual relationship. It is also showing simplicity of the design solution, as a transparent, light, open object, as a cloud in the sky.


Apartment On The Top Of The Building Course: Design Studio 1 | Architecture

/01

06

SECTIONS & ELEVATIONS

USABLE SPACE

Sections and elevations are developed in a way to better represent the idea of the project, not only to serve as a technical drawings. Different radius of each sphere is adding to different spaces, not only with the size, but also with the height of each room, establishing privacy gradient troughtout the dwelling unit.

Creating a space with out any wall is already making the space looking bigger. Moving down horizontal cutting plane of the spheres, I managed to get even more usable space.

section 1-1 scale 1:200

section 2-2 scale 1:200

west elevation scale 1:400

south elevation scale 1:400


Apartment On The Top Of The Building Course: Design Studio 1 | Architecture

/01

PHYSICAL MODEL

Physical model clearly illustrates the dialogue between strong outline of the tower and interior free form space. That tension is positive in this case, since it emphisize the idea of both worlds. Model was done by hand, giving me an opportunity to make some final changes while in modelling process (except the facade walls, which were cut by a laser).

07

SKY WINDOW

There are two sky windows, emerging as a part of two biggest spheres who pass trough roof plane. It is all about enabling as much day light as possible. Beside that, people can now see inside of the object standing on the roof. It’s relationship with the level of the roof terrace is clearly shown in the model.

SHELL

Shell is made out of 11 connected spheres. The resulting shape is their union. All layers of construction as well as isolation layers are placed inside of the shell. It represents my attitude towards residential architecture in a form of a apartment, which is free of walls and traditional thinking in architecture.


Metro Station & Urban Environment Course: Design Studio 3 | Urbanism

/02

08

KEY DESCRIPTION

Create a metro station for future metro system in Belgrade. There is concept plane already done for disposition of two metro lines in Belgrade, as well as rough positions of it’s metro stations. Pick one metro station, design it, but at the same time, think about the influence of creating a metro station in a term of city, and in a term of the specific location. Predict all the changes, and create urban environment that will represent a resulting condition to that phenomenon. authors: Petar Pejic & Stefan Jakovljevic 31

2

21 22 29

10

33

2

48

DESIGN STRATEGY

Each new metro station is going to behave as small urban centre of that area. It will not only increase the popularity of that location, but at the same time, it will suffer big income when it comes to habitations and offices numbers. Key is to predict and analyse all of those changes and react to them. Slavija is already small centre in Belgrade, being very old location and very important. During years, it has become the biggest circus in Belgrade, with biggest traffic intensity. But, because of that, it has lost it’s original purpose, being a square public space, it has lost it’s inspiration and other values.

22L

So, the first step was to analyse that area, in order to see which are the most important problems (and which will become important), but at the same time to see if there are any good values of that space (I will show just part of that analyse here). 12

Then, the aim was to combine and mix idea of square as a public space, a metro station as a funnel for great amount of people and a traffic circus at the same time. Result is creating big public space under the surface, and adapting environment shape and program.

14 30 39

SLAVIJA

42 47 59

CIRCUS CHANGES

12 21 22 29

legend

22L

83

9 10 14 21

22

30

39

tram trolleybus bus metro line

33 48 30 31 39 42 9 10 14

47 59

14

authors: Petar Pejic & Stefan Jakovljevic

NEW SQUARE

Bringing backa public square was one of the main tasks. However, it had to be a new topology of public space, in corespondence with contemporary requests, but with basic elements of ancient squares.

Traffic changes were minimal in this case (since we came to conclusion that it will function in a very high level if we reduce conflicts with pedestrians). Basic shape of circus was stretched in order to create bigger capacity, but at the same time to create bigger opening for the square under,


Metro Station & Urban Environment Course: Design Studio 3 | Urbanism

/02

09

PROBLEMS & VALUES

Since area of Slavija is very complex in all terms, it is important to find the most important ones. After studying it, was clear that they are connected in many ways. So, it is actually their relationships that is important.

Quality of all activities is bad due to pollution, increasing traffic, bad coordination of activities, etc...

quality of activities

As a result of huge flow of vehicles, pollution in that area of city is very big, and increasing all the time.

pollution

Predictions are toward increasing residential and offices capacity. Huge flow of That program is vehicles are not coordinated leading to big with physical consumption of fuel, just for traffic. typology of Slavija.

fuel consumption

uncoordinated programs

CONCEPTUAL DIAGRAMS

The aim of this task was to mainly design metro station. But, we decided that it was important to work with the close environment as well. Slavija area is imagined as a completely new space, since it has lost all of it’s original virtues. It should become exhibition of architecture, as a new prototype for further development in Belgrade. All buildings were designed as a concept, inspired by Dutch and Danish architecture.

It has lost all features of good public space, which was intended to become at the beginning.

BUSINESS BLOCK

RESIDENTIAL BLOCK

inconvenience

HOTEL ‘SLAVIJA’

+

= UNDERGROUND ENTRANCES

LAYOUT RESIDENTIAL 88.000 m2

potential

significance

connections

Slavija represent some kind of urban center for the area of Belgrade. Being that, it has a great potential for further improving on all aspects.

Add that to it’s cultural importance and you will get one of the more significant areas in Belgrade.

Slavija represents the heart of Belgrade traffic network. As that, it functionality has to be on top level for the function of the whole city.

social values There are object with big cultural, historical and social values around Slavija, which are only adding to it’s values.

urban center Slavija is small urban center not only for it’s surrounding, but for the area of the Belgrade as a city. It’s importance is huge.

PUBLIC SPACE 27.200 m2 BUSINESS 105.000 m2 HOTEL 10.200 m2 CULTURE 3.200 m2 PUBLIC SPACE 10.500 m2 FOOD / RESTAURANTS 5.500 m2 STREETS 12.200 m2


Metro Station & Urban Environment Course: Design Studio 3 | Urbanism

/02

10

GEOMETRY

Once again, instead of choosing between two, at first sight, exclusive things, they are seen as a quality and certain uniqueness of the area. In this case, There is almoust strict geometry of the surrounding buildings and plots, in combination with dominant traffic, culminating in the center of the Slavija in form of traffic circus. Combination between strict lines from the surroundnig, and circular movement is treated as a specific condition, and as such is implemented in the design, where underground square is established as an extension of stict lines of movement from adjecent streets, but also with elements of free, curved shapes, suggesting relation with the space above.

PUBLIC SPACE DEATIL

Since above ground area was not the main part of the task, we decided to pick one part of the public space, create it on a conceptual level, and than those steps and parameters could be used for all others.

1

2

national bank

culture centre

3

4

new block

hotel Slavija

authors: Petar Pejic & Stefan Jakovljevic

situation scale 1:3500

We tried to predict most common lines of movements of pedestrians, and then create two zones (active and resting). Since park is quite big, 3D green space was introducet to the pasive zone, to make it more interesting.


Metro Station & Urban Environment Course: Design Studio 3 | Urbanism

VESTIBULE

Since the vestibule is under ground space, it had to be connected with the ground level. Lines of those connections are actually defining shape of vestibule, as well as disposition of other programs. Each program is representing corresponding program of the street above the ground. That way, public life is literally flowing into square (vestibule).

?

P=9.000m2

100m

/02

11

90m

ACTIVITIES CINEMA

RECREATION

CAFE

SHOPPING

INFO CENTRE

Dispozition of activities inside the vestibule was crucial. Only one side would be exposed to direc sunlight (cafe). Activities are extensions to the functions of objects in the cooresponding streets above it.

floor plan scale 1:750

authors: Petar Pejic & Stefan Jakovljevic


Metro Station & Urban Environment Course: Design Studio 3 | Urbanism

/02

PHYSICAL MODEL

Although the typology of underground square is something new in context of Slavija, one has to establish clear relation with the traditional square, in order for users to understand it. In that sense, it is clear that hotel slavija is a vertical dominant in the whole complex.

12

NEW SQUARE TYPOLOGY

Since we developed a new typology for a public space in a form of underground square, it was important to elaborate it in a best possible way. In a model, it was clear it’s shape and longitudial orientation, as well as relationship to the above ground context (using hotel “Slavija” as a vertical dominant)

1 UNDERGROUND Drill the maximum area for the underground public square.

hotel “Slavija vertical dominant

2 PROPORTIONS Narrow the public space, creating longitudial axis, establishing proportional relation with the real square. (3:1)

cinema

new circuse & square

3 VERTICAL DOMINANT Create a connection with a vertical dominant in space, using hotel Slavija as a monumental building.

recreation

shopping

national bank info centre

Losing every aspect of a quality public space, as well as recognizable area in Belgrade, idea was to create a “galery” of moder architecture, and by that, introducing new and unique identity. Circular movement is always exposed to one part of “enclosed square”.

shopping


Metro Station & Urban Environment Course: Design Studio 3 | Urbanism

SECTION

SECTION DETAIL

Detail section is developed as a part of detail realization of one public space in that area. Idea is that public space above ground is flowing directly to underground space via dynamic shape which is assiciated with movement.

BUS BUS

BUS

The main section is supposed to illustrate relationship of under ground square with surrounding buildings, but at the same, relationship with under ground garage and station. Specific impact of direct sun light (and shadows) on public square is showed as well.

BUS

/02

13

park detail scale 1:400

entrance section scale 1:400

authors: Petar Pejic & Stefan Jakovljevic

section scale 1:000 authors: Petar Pejic & Stefan Jakovljevic


Metro Station & Urban Environment Course: Design Studio 3 | Urbanism

/02

14

HOTEL AS A MONUMENT

It is clear that each public space (square) in history was related to a dominant building (ofter religious character). That dominant building dictated the shape and proportion of the square. In underground sqare of Slavija, one can clearly relate to Slavija hotel, which is a dominant vertical shape, with clear, open visual connection established with the users in the square.

INSIDE / OUTSIDE

The aim was to create the feel of one, connected space inside the square. That was achieved by using specific class for curtain walls all around the square, adding transparency but at the same time daylight into objects.

1 DAY VERSION

3 VISUAL CONNECTION

MY ROLE / CONTRIBUTION

The group for this project was made out of 5 students. Inside that group, I was mostly focused on the design and conceptual stages, introducing this particular concept, producing 3d renderings and some techinacal drawings. While other students produced drawings, final physical model for presentation, as well as some analysis. At any time, we tried to caloborate with each others as much as possible, but that would be an approximately separation.

2 NIGHT VERSION


Charging Rotterdam Course: Design Studio Master 1 | Architecture & Dwelling

/03

KEY DESCRIPTION

The main question is aimed at developing a reflection on the role of the architecture discipline in finding solutions to cope with the challenges brought about by the concurrence of different life styles in the contemporary city. activities them self, as well as with the natural surrounding. How to reactivate and connect neighbourhood in Rotterdam?

15


Charging Rotterdam

/03

16

Course: Design Studio Master 1 | Architecture & Dwelling

MASTER PLAN

Master plan is derived from a couple of strong ideas, as well as investigation of the surrounding. In that sense, there are a couple of main lines of communication, resulting in the plot sizes usable for dwellings. However, respecting contemporary condition of Rotterdam, each plot is assigned to a building which could be seen as an evolution of the traditional block typology. park housing / retail

On a smaller scale, each part is designed with notion of traditional block typology, but elaborated to satisfy contemporary requests. This approach lead to new solution which is both unique in its form and organization, but also contextual since it is based on already well known dutch block typology.

housing commercial / cultural

DESIGN STRATEGY

On a big scale, whole complex is segmented with big, monumental ideas, where each segment would be big enough to include mixture between dwelling and some other activity. Big park and leisure spaces, followed with commercial activities would activate this area, introducing diversity and more user groups.

housing

3 SEGMENTATION (8M) With simple manipulation such as pushing and drilling, one can adopt shapes for specific activity (enable south facade for dwellings, drilling buildings for the entrance public plaza...)

1 CONNECTIONS / DIVISION Dominant idea of division, creating monumental areas. Each area is a mixture between housing and some other activity, and all of them have direct relation to the park.

Resulting building should not be seen as a newly imposed object, but rather as a possibility to reflect on both: dutch tradition and contemporary diversity found in Rotterdam.

KEY FEATURES

2 EXTRUSIONS / VOLUMES Extruding basic shapes in order to obtain necessary volumes for each program. The height is not exceeding 5 floors, which is the height of the building in the surrounding.

schools

park

4 ADAPTATIONS Further adaptations on smaller scale such as emphasizing certain street facade, emphasizing the corner with vertical dominant and sloping it to the end to establish dialogue with the surrounding.

market

schiedamsewg

The whole master plan is conceived on the big scale, derived with a couple of strong ideas. It was part of the group work between 4 students, where each student is expected to individually pick one building and continue developing it regarding the master plan. RESPECTING THE HEIGHT 3 OF THE SURROUNDING

2 MAIN PARK FOR THE WHOLE AREA

super market

VERTICAL DOMINANT FOR THE WHOLE AREA

3

Pedestrian Area dwellings

office

community b.

shopping

leisure

Traffic Area Traffic Area

1 BUILDING TO BE DEVELOPED


Charging Rotterdam

/03

17

Course: Design Studio Master 1 | Architecture & Dwelling

DESIGN QUESTIONS & STRATEGIES

Even before experimenting with form and programme, a set of design questions and strategies is defined as a starting point of this project. This lead to combining at first glance excluding requests (such as block typology and height of the building), which resulted in unique design solution. HOW TO

REACTIVATE NEIGHBORHOOD? GIVE IT A NEW IMAGE?

MIX USER GROUPS?

DESIGN QUESTIONS

EMBED PROJECT IN

HOW TO

ROTTERDAM?

CONNECT WITH PUBLIC SPACE?

CREATE ORIGINAL DESIGN?

INTRODUCE DIVERSITY CREATE NEW FORM OF DWELLING COMBINE OTHER PROGRAMME WITH DWELLINGS

DESIGN STRATEGIES

REUSE BLOCK TYPOLOGY ORGANIZE DWELLINGS AROUND BIG PUBLIC SPACE COMBINE BLOCK TYPOLOGY WITH EXCLUDING DEMANDS

LOOP ORGANIZATION TROUGH THE BLOCK

Instead of traditional organization where each type of dwelling is associated with one small public space which would lead to separation between them, I new type of organization is proposed: diversity in program in one building is introduced, where all activities and dwelling types would be interconnected via public space (courtyard in block typology). Furthermore, this would lead to a specific loop organization, with a single line of movement interconnecting all different programmes.

1 LINEAR ORGANIZATION

2 LOOP ORGANIZATION

PUBLIC SPACE LIBRARY 500m2

2080m2

2080m2

2340m2

500m2

2080m2

1680m2

PUBLIC SPACE 500m2 500m2

LIBRARY

500m2

2340m2 2080m2

1680m2

DWELLING

500m2

1680m2

DWELLING DWELLING 2080m2

2080m2 2340m2

GROUND BOUND DWELLINGS SMALL FAMILY HOUSING

FAMILY HOUSING SOCIAL HOUSING

EVOLUTION OF THE BLOCK

In order to arrive at new solution, two excluding parameters were combined: the height and density of the building and notion of block typology. Just increasing number of floors would lead to insufficient design, where dwelling units in the courtyard would be without any daylight whatsoever.

PUBLIC SPACE LIBRARY & EDUCATION

However, if shift in attitude is introduced, an original solution can be found. Each of dwelling types is arranged in most efficient way in one block. All of them are stacked on top of each other, leading to a too high building. However, by simple manipulation of shifting and sliding each one of them using parametric design optimization, one can easily find optimum form which would provide maximum daylight inside the courtyard as well as in dwelling units organized around it. Additionally, this form posses a certain notion of unique and monumental, but it is not a pure gesture from the author. On the contrast, it is a combination of intellectual critique of the block typology and performance optimization of the same.


Charging Rotterdam Course: Design Studio Master 1 | Architecture & Dwelling

/03

FACADE AS A TRUSS

Traditional construction method where load bearing elements would be a mixture between horizontal and vertical elements would result in very thick slabs on overhanging area of the building. However, if the whole facade is treated as a brace construction, that would result in a 3D truss which could rely on floor height as a necessary thickness of the load bearing element. Furthermore, this would result not only in lighter construction overall, but also in free floor plan in each dwelling unit.

18

TRUSS ANALYSIS

1 CONCRETE CORE 2 DIAGONAL BRIDGE 3 3D TRUSS

Wire frame construction analyses showed the need to introduce one concrete core on each side, which would be used as a place for main vertical communication. Furthermore, by introducing 3 diagonal bridges on over hanged part which would react on wind force, as well as provide necessary fire exit route, thickness of overall steel truss could be minimized, with the same amount of stiffness. Size of the brace WIND DIRECTION is done accordingly to the floor height, where one floor would be one brace, and interconnected over several levels, they would form a 3D truss.

2

1

3

DIAGONAL BRIDGE

3 4 1

1 TRADITIONAL CONSTRUCTION

2 TRUSS CONSTRUCTION

Bridges are placed on the most optimum place in the construction, they are used for structural reinforcement, as well as for establishing better connection between two sides of the building. They are connected directly to the 3D truss, which is the main load bearing element of the building. 2

1 2 3 4

LOAD-BEARING CONSTRUCTION ELEMENT SUPPORTING CANTILEVERING PART

STEEL COLUMNS DIAGONAL BRIDGE 3D TRUSS STEEL BEAMS


Charging Rotterdam

DWELLING UNITS

B

D

E

1

F

G

H

J

I

+ 29.7

2

Unlike in traditional block typology, where dwelling units are thick and wide, in new block units are as this as possible, and the whole building is stretched in order to obtain same amount of square meters. Additionally, thin dwelling units are perfect for gathering daylight as well as natural ventilation. Different sizes of dwelling units are stacked on the same width, changing only depth of the unit, respecting vertical construction elements.

C

1

A

1

3

+ 29.7

1 2

4

2

+ 29.7

+ 29.7

+ 29.7

6 5

+ 29.7

B BLOCK 2.0 7

A TRADITIONAL BLOCK

Additionally, each apartment is made out of fixed as well as rotating elements, resulting in flexible configuration. Each user could adopt dwelling unit according to his personal needs and demands, where each room would be completely adaptable and interactive. 2

9

1

8

INTERACTIVE SPACE

2

2

+ 29.7

+26.4

+ 26.4

10

+29.7

4

13

12

11

3

LIVING SPACE SLEEPING SPACE

WORKING SPACE INTERACTIVE WALLS

14

/03

19

Course: Design Studio Master 1 | Architecture & Dwelling

1 FLOOR PLAN SCALE

1:500


Charging Rotterdam

/03

20

Course: Design Studio Master 1 | Architecture & Dwelling

INTEGRAL FACADE

INTEGRAL DETAIL

Facade, as a medium between outside and inside space is conceived as integral part of the building, rather than just pure 2D surface. That implies that all layers are visible and exposed, such as structural truss from the inside and vertical blinds from the outside. Doing this, facade is challenging notion of ornamentation in contemporary architecture, where visual elements of the facade suddenly have more than decorative purpose (such as structural).

Same logic is translated to the detail of the facade. All elements are layered in a way to combine both materials as well as the geometry of angled beams, and verticality of mullions and blinds. Furthermore, there is a clear distinction between construction elements which are hidden and the one which should be exposed as a part of the facade design. Doing this, facade becomes 3D part of the building, with multiple perceptions from the user.

SECTION

1-1 SCALE 1:500

FACADE DETAIL SCALE

SECTION

1:10

2-2 SCALE 1:500


Charging Rotterdam Course: Design Studio Master 1 | Architecture & Dwelling

/03

BRIDGES 2

There are three brdiges in the courtyard of the building. They are responsible for structural stability (mostly wind resistance), but also enable additional fire escape routes for users. Additionally, they establish bigger level of interaction between the users.

1 INSIDE ORIENTATION Just like in typical Dutch block typology, users of the building are oriented towards inside, adding outside corridors along side interior facade. However, in this case there is a visual communication to the outside world as well.

21

POROSITY 3

Privacy in traditional block typology is obtained via closed shape of the building. However, if the building is higher, upper dwellings already have a sense of physical separation due to the distance from the ground. This allows to open the building, establishing visual connection to the outside. Additionally, this allows more natural daylight into courtyard, as well as better natual ventilation.

4 BLINDS There are two perception of the building. From the angle and bigger scale, one can read just the form of the building since blinds are bluring the facade, while on closer distance a layerd facade system starts to reveal, including construction, big windows and proportional relation.


Course: Graduation Studio | Public Buildings

Istanbul Research

/04

22

CRITICAL RESEARCH

Is architecture supposed to be intellectual discipline? If so, then it should imply a certain amount of critical attitude of architect towards current conditions. In case of Istanbul, one has to first filter overwhelming amount of information, and to find the one which could influence conceptual design. This step of defining contextual values is crucial, since it does not only imply relating to closest surrounding, but answering more crucial question: what does it mean to build a public building in Istanbul? Firstly, research is limited to the area of historical peninsula, which is the oldest part of the city, and the one where different civilization have lived, each one of them bringing something new as well as developing present condition. Furthermore, I would support theme where architecture can only be based on architecture. That implies research which is conducted on urban elements, morphology, typology, but also on investigation of the type and typological process, rather than on present condition.

HISTORICAL PENINSULA AREA OF RESEARCH

0

URBAN ELEMENTS

In order to perceive city on morphological level, one has to filter overwhelming amount of informations to basic elements, which could be subjected to further analysis and conclusions. In case of Istanbul, I have found that each mahalle is made out of four basic urban elements: mosque, residential area, street network and green spaces. 1 MOSQUE

3

Mosque is the most public building in each mahalle. It serves as a focal point in that organization, unifying all residents of each individual mahalle.

2

4

2 ORGANIC STREET NETWORK

1

RELIGION PUBLIC INSTITUTION

CULTURE EDUCATION

HOUSING STREET

Organic street network was place where most of informal public activities happened. It could also be seen as an extension of the mosque courtyard as the most public space in each mahalle.

3 RESIDENTIAL AREA

Development of residential area was subjected to the development of street network. In Islamic tradition, the house is seen as the most private space in the city.

40

STREET AS PUBLIC SPACE

There is a gradient of public space between the house as the most private space in the city and the mosque as the most public space. Since there are no public squares as part of urban morphology, organic street network was the place where most of informal public activities took place.

MOSQUE

PUBLIC

STREET

4 GREEN / LEISURE SPACE

Green spaces are imagined as places where one can connect with nature. They used to be present as a bostan, which could be green space as well as cultivated garden.

km

PRIVATE

HOUSE


Istanbul Research

/04

23

Course: Graduation Studio | Public Buildings

NOTION OF TYPE

STREET EVOLUTION

According to Aldo Rossi, urban history is the best way of investigation nature of urban artefact. That implies that one has to look in history in order to find steps of development, rather than just observing current condition. Furthermore, architect should understand the notion of type of any urban element as a set of predefined causes and relations rather than just an pure outcome of certain change.

2 1922

1 1844

4 2014

3 1964

HOUSE / MONUMENT RELATION

NOTION OF TOPOGRAPHY

While urban history is presenting a series of stages for a certain type, 1 GRID / ORGANIC personally I felt that identifying causes of the change has bigger One can clearly see that relevance, and that I could take a critical position against that. In case implementation of grid street of Istanbul, I have found that combining different mapping techniques network was not something with the topography information would reveal a great deal of informarandom nor arbitrary, but rather tion. For example, projecting street map of Istanbul onto topography, a direct consequence of the and colouring each street respectively to the height would present topography. Where topography following conclusions: was more flat, a grid system is introduced, while in other areas an organic street network organization is kept.

2 BORDER

0

1000 meters

2000

OF MAHALLE A strong critical position is formed regarding the border of mahalle, making it more strong urban entity than a neighbourhood. Analysis clearly shows that border was always a strong and constant force, which was either a strong line of communication or a big shift in terrain. Both of them are routed in topography of historical peninsula.

Istanbul has a specific relation between the monument and the residential area, however, in this case, it can be seen in each individual mahalle, where the monument is the mosque. Projecting each mosque on the terrain and comparing the height of the building regarding the rest of the points in the same mahalle revealed that mosque would be positioned either on the lowest or the highest point, enabling strong visual connection with the residents.

MAX

MIN


Istanbul Research

/04

24

Course: Graduation Studio | Public Buildings

URBAN MORPHOLOGY

Same logistic should be present on the level of mahalle as well. It seams that both street networks are evolving different urban morphology, which is directly related to the topography. Grid network is producing wider streets, with higher building, and the relation between those two is more constant. On the other hand, organic network kept dynamic street profile from the past, which in combination with overlapping perspectives of street is responsible for social activities in the street.

1 BUILDING HEIGHT

LOW HIGH

2 STREET WIDTH

NARROW WIDE

3

4

3 STREET PROFILE

DYNAMIC CONSTANT

1 BUILDING HEIGHT 3.5m

2 STREET WIDTH 24m

5m

3 STREET PROFILE 24m

0.15m

3m

DEATH OF PUBLIC SPACE

As already mentioned, without any squares or other urban elements, street was the main element in organising informal public space. Organic street network was perfectly suitable for this task, while grid network brought more traffic, higher buildings and wider streets. However, because of the horizontal densification of residential area in Istanbul, even present morphology with organic street organization does not posses public activities. If we imagine that public space is controlled via connection between streets, visibility graph clearly shows how contemporary condition is producing more and more isolated spots and places in city, while condition from 1906 posses a certain breathing space between buildings .

1 GRID

STREET NETWORK

2013

2 ORGANIC

STREET NETWORK

2013

3 STREET

NETWORK

AMOUNT OF VISIBILITY Min

1906 Max


Istanbul Design

/05

Course: Design Studio Master 4 | Public Buildings

KEY DESCRIPTION

Is architecture supposed to be intellectual discipline? If so, than it implies a certain level of criticism towards current conditions and development. This project can be seen as a dual development: it focus on investigation of applicability of contextual values in overwhelming city such as Istanbul, but it also reflects personal attitude towards current urban development in the city. Context is seen as a set of forces which influenced morphological development of the city, including both: context of space and context of time. In case of Istanbul, I have found that all morphological changes were at some point triggered with the unique topography of historical peninsula. Bringing back the notion of topography in current development became the dominant conceptual idea. Furthermore, the project challenges traditional relation between the monument and the residential area, suggesting that in current conditions in Istanbul, public building can be developed only by merging the two.

25


Istanbul Design

/05

26

Course: Design Studio Master 4 | Public Buildings

URBAN ELEMENTS

TOPOGRAPHY AS ARCHITECTURE

This conceptual idea is relying on already found main urban elements in Istanbul. However, it also includes context of time, including past (on the bottom layer), present (on ground level) and future (on above layer). With this abstract composition, one can start to connect different urban elements on different levels, sometimes repeating relation found during research, but also including new connections aimed for future development.

Challenging the idea of contextual architecture, I have found that unique topography of Istanbul was main factor of urban development. However, contemporary development does not posses that quality and relation. Therefore, using topography as main driving force is both abstract idea in itself, but also a strong critique of current condition. +1 FUTURE

0 PRESENT

-1 PAST

1 DISPLACEMENT Importance of the topography is emphasized by displacing the ground on vertical level.

2 CONNECTION Topography surfaces are connected via simple blocks, spanning vertically trough them

DISASSEMBLE PUBLIC BUILDING

When designing a public building in Istanbul, one has to consider mosque as the case study. It is unique example of the public courtyard (oriented towards the city, informal public space) and the actual private building (separated, with religious purpose). In case my building, I have repeated same logistic, where the building with the cultural / educational program is placed underground, introducing a verticality in the final composition (where the mosque, like the mahalle is completely 2D composition). Besides the main program of the building, there is abstracted courtyard as well, kept on the ground floor with leisure program and activities oriented towards the residential area of mahalle.

topography -1

topography 0

topography 1

infrastructure -1

infrastructure 0

infrastructure 1

architecture -1

architecture 0

architecture 1

+1 FUTURE North - South Cartesian grid, tendency for future development.

3 TRANSFORMATION Architecture, landscape and infrastructure became one thing, shifting perception based on the scale.

0 PRESENT Grid network, based on surrounding residential buildings. -1 PAST Traced organic network from the past development.

RETAIL

SERVICE

LEISURE

1 PUBLIC Abstraction of the courtyard of the mosque. Is is kept on the ground level, establishing connection with the surrounding.

GREEN

CULTURE

EDUCATION

2 PRIVATE Private program is a combination of culture and education activities, and it is placed underground, making it clear that it is not part of everyday activities.


Istanbul Design

/05

27

Course: Design Studio Master 4 | Public Buildings

+1 TOPOGRAPHY

CONCEPTUAL IDEA INTO ARCHITECTURE

Topography +1 is relying on dwelling area in surrounding, where the unique roofs cape can be seen as an abstract surface in itself. On bigger scale (A), +1 topography is an extension of that roofs cape, once again establishing relation with residential area as a statement, while on the smaller scale (B), it is abstracting vertical shifting found in the surrounding.

Using topography as a main conceptual idea is abstract in itself. However, one has to find a way to translate notion of topography into architectural object. There is a clear difference between surfaces I brought to the composition (past and future), and the one which is present on the site (present). The one brought in are treated as free form surfaces, while everything which is derived from the site is treated as the surrounding, which planes and cubes.

A

+1 FUTURE Variable

B

EDUCATION

STORAGE

LEISURE

EXIBITION

STORAGE

0 PRESENT Constant -1 PAST Variable

-1 TOPOGRAPHY

Basic geometry of -1 Topography is based on same grid system, creating an unifying system of movement for all activities. Education activities are placed on hills since those are activities where user can arrive and spent certain amount of time, while exhibition activities are placed in valleys, suggesting that exhibitions are part of movement, and that is how the user would experience it. Additionally, that geometry is modified by projecting it onto a surface which is derived from organic grid network, traced from the historical development.

LIVING ROOM D

EXHIBITION SPACE

MANAGEMENT

BOOK STORAGE EXHIBITION SPACE

AUDITORIUM C

LEARNING SPACE B A

1

C MIXING

CHAMBER

C

C

EXHIBITION SPACE OFFICE

A B

EXHIBITION SPACE

A EXHIBITION ROUTE

TEACHING SPACE

2

READING ROOM D

RESTAURANT

B READING ROUTE

C LEARNING ROUTE

D LEISURE ROUTE

1 BASE CONDITION 2 DEFORMED CONDITION


Istanbul Design

28

Course: Design Studio Master 4 | Public Buildings

/05 PAVILIONS 2

Pavilions are designed as in abstract extension of residential area in the surrounding. If they have platform under, they are used for introducing natural daylight in underground space, if not , than as a programme for residential area.

1 CUTOUTS Modification of geometry based on the Cartesian grid assigned to +1 topography. It is cutting the roofs cape, introducing a dialogue with the form of dwelling area, as well as facade of pavilions, introducing visual contact between two levels.

BOSTAN (COURTYARD) 3

Abstraction of the courtyard from the mosque as a part of public building oriented towards public sphere. It is a combination between public space and space for leisure activities, introducing green surfaces and water ponds as a reminder of traditional bostan.

PLATFORMS 6

Horizontal surfaces where program is placed. It is an extension of the pavilions on level above. Inside each box, there is a storage space.

4 BRIDGES Continuos curved surface which is spreading to all platforms, and is used for main communication. Combination between slopes and grid of columns is an abstraction of organic street network.

5 WATER STORAGE Underground level is filled with water storage for rainwater, resolving a problem of water supply which is crucial for Istanbul. Furthermore, it is recalling typology of underground cistern, also found in the city, as well as supplement interior space.


Istanbul Design

/05

29

Course: Design Studio Master 4 | Public Buildings

MERGING

1

There is a strong attitude that in contemporary conditions in Istanbul, a public building should be a mix between the mosque type (courtyard and private part as a unique condition) and residential area (since it is overwhelming). This attitude can be seen from multuple scales, from the scale of the block to the scale of the facade. Relation is established with the use of proportion.

2

3

4

5

7

6

8

9

11

10

12

13

14

16

15

18

17

19

20

21

22

23

25

24

2

A

26

27

28

29

30

31

3

33

32

35

34

36

37

38

4

B

C + 0.8

D

E F + 2.20

G H

D2

+ 1.20

+ 3.40

+ 1.20

I + 1.90

+ 1.20

J + 3.40

K L M N

1

1 + 3.40

+ 3.40

O

+ 0.00

+ 4.40 + 2.40

+ 0.00

+ 1.20

+ 2.40

P Q 3

2

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

4

GROUND FLOOR SCALE 27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

1:2000

35

36

37

38

1 ROOFSCAPE EXTENSSION 2 SECTION

2 RESIDENTIAL AREA RELATION

1-1 SCALE 1:2000

3 UNDER GROUND TOPOGRAPHY 2


Istanbul Design

/05

30

Course: Design Studio Master 4 | Public Buildings

FAMILIAR FACADE

1 VOID SURFACE

2 VERTICAL SURFACE

Surrounding residential houses are clad with traditional Istanbul facade, which are horizontal wooden planks. In order to establish relation, pavilion facades are abstraction of that image / proportion. Following Islamic tradition of facades of public buildings (facade is blank, protective from the outside, only when user enters the building, facade is changing) there are two types of facades: VOID SURFACE

Outside facade is blank, not revealing inside content.

VERTICAL SURFACE

Outside facade is blank, not revealing inside content.

1 VOID SURFACE

2 VERTICAL SURFACE

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

600

STONE PLANKS Based on exposure of facade plane, a system is created which is determining the rotation of each stone plank. This system is providing optimal daylight inside each pavilion, but also it is animating facade, suggesting that vertical surface is covering something inside.

FACADE DETAIL SCALE 1:50

A SUN ANALYSIS

B STONE PLANKS

FACADE DETAIL SCALE 1:50


Istanbul Design

31

Course: Design Studio Master 4 | Public Buildings

/05

2 CONTRAST BETWEEN FACADES

1 BOSTAN

IN THE

CITY

3 INTIMATE SPACE


Redesign public squares in Subotica

/06

Public Competition Group Work

KEY DESCRIPTION

New centre of Subitica will be an unique multi- functional public space in the middle of historical heritage. It will attract multiple user groups, spreading activities on the whole area of city centre, activating the location during the whole day, as well as the whole year. Conceptual idea of bringing back notion of street in this area will provide effective toolset for distinguishing space for effective movement, as well as space for activities. New city centre will be a mixture between rich historic heritage of the city and new invented future, expressing it self via public space, the crucial urban element of democratic society. The project is challenging the notion of public space, while simultaneously critiquing the role of context of the city in contemporary society. Proposed project would dissolve context on two hypothetical scales: first being the context of the whole city, including other social, economic, political and historical forces, while context on the smaller scale is strongly embedded in nearest surrounding of the site, focusing on its architectural and urban conditions. Only by fusing both of these influences, one can create a public space which is truly contextual, both in terms of historical heritage, as well as projected future development.

32


Redesign public squares in Subotica

/06

BIG SCALE CONTEXT

Public Competition Group Work

The city of Subotica has always been known as a democratic city, strongly embedded in equality, tolerance and civil rights. It is also the city in Serbia with the biggest amount of national minorities. How can this democratic social - political condition be applied to architecture? In the location of city centre, there are 3 important public buildings: 1) Municipality building; 2) National theatre building; 3) City library building. As a public building with important role in modern city, each one of these buildings deserves to be treated equally in urban terms. Throughout the history of European cities, public buildings have always been related with the public square in front of them. The square, as an unique urban element would not only emphasize each building, but also continue the historical tradition of places for diverse urban activity.

33

SMALL SCALE CONTEXT (PROBLEM OF STYLE)

Context on a small scale is related to the architectural and urban assembly on the site itself, and nearest surrounding. However, it is not to be purely continued as such, but it leaves to the architect to develop a position towards it. There are number of different buildings with dominant style on them, (mostly present only on facades), which is a big part of historical heritage of the whole city. Throughout the history, the city tried to preserve notion of those styles, mostly trough renovation of facades, as well as conducting all new interventions to be visually pleasant and contextual with surrounding buildings. This sort of development of the city will not bring any new qualities, on contrary, it will create a certain caricature image of the city, lacking any relevance with current conditions. New city centre of Subotica is a critical attitude towards the notion of style as a main architectural force, but it also acknowledges its existence on the site. It will establish new relation between cultural and historical heritage of the city and functional public space for 21st century. If the presence of the style is so dominant, we propose to give it more meaning, by decomposing each one of them to its major architectural ideas, and than reusing them as a feature of new public space. This solution would not only create critical contextual design, but it would also strengthen the existence of already present styles, stretching its influence from pure decoration on the facade to the main elements of public space.

3

2

Art Nouveau Neo-Classicism Neo-Renaissance Neo-Baroque

1


Redesign public squares in Subotica

/06

Public Competition Group Work

1 NEOCLASSICISM Manifesting throughout notion of public square in relation with dominant building, and introducing colonnade of columns as a space element.

3 NEO-RENAISSANCE Introducing rhythm and proportion, ranging to all scales of the project, from main elements to the pavement.

2 NEO-BAROQUE Public space is organized via axial lines of communication, a principle used in city planning according to the baroque movement.

4 ART NOUVEAU Organic surface spreads throughout the whole location, connecting all horizontal surfaces on different elevations. Also, geometry of surfaces is a combination of straight and curved lines, resembling idea of Art Nouveau decoration.

NEW CULTURAL DISTRICT

Activating and connecting courtyards of municipality building with the surrounding would introduce new line of movement trough the building. It would further extend into Korzo street, producing new functional and spatial entity in the centre of Subotica. On two sides, courtyards would be opened via already existing passage, while on the back side a wide ramp would go under the existing building, establishing strong connection between middle courtyard and park front the outside.

34

PEDESTRIAN MOVEMENT

Space Syntax analysis showed that current integration of public space is lower than the space surrounding it, partially because of irregular geometry, but more importantly, because of bad positioning of urban fixtures. Instead of empty space, new city centre will have strict geometry, derived from the geometry of the surrounding as well as space syntax analysis of ideal space, clearly showing potential lines of movement and places of theirs intersection. In latter design stage, lines of movement would become streets, points of intersection would become places of informal interaction, while spaces formed by lines would become horizontal surfaces for activities. MAX

INTEGRATION OF PUBLIC SPACE IN EXISTING CONDITION (SPACE SYNTAX)

MIN

MAX

MIN

PREDICTED PEDESTRIAN INTENSITY MOVEMENT IN IDEAL EMPTY PUBLIC SPACE (SPACE SYNTAX)

ZO

KOR K

T EE

STR

PAR

LINES OF MOVEMENT PROJECTED ONTO EMPTY PUBLIC SPACE (REGARDING THE MOVEMENT ANALYSIS)

RESULTING GEOMETRY OF HORIZONTAL SURFACES, SPREADING ALONG THE WHOLE AREA


Redesign public squares in Subotica

/06

Public Competition Group Work

35

SPATIAL DEFINITION

Defining this spatial entities is subtle, and perceived on couple of levels, leaving it to the user to develop a personal perception of the space. The implementation of linear constructive elements is an conceptual element, and they are an abstraction and a critique of already present facades in the city centre. Together with existing buildings, they frame each individual space, expanding the perception of the user from optical to visual (”the optical is dependent on the primary conditions of the image, while the visual searches for other means of recording sensation with the eye, other than the optical. The visual is different from the optical in that rather than deal only with surface phenomena, it can also deal with spatial and formal relationships, things which, while first seen, have to be conceptualized” Peter Eisenman „Feints: The Diagram“).

1 EXISTING CONDITION Current condition is a empty space without any spatial definition whatsoever. Different orientation of each border building is creating even irregular geometry, therefore, the user finds it difficult to read and perceive the whole space.

2 HORIZONTAL

MATERIALIZATION

Pavement of the street is made out of small stone bricks, recalling the image of the pavement from the history. Small dimensions of individual element would blur the orientation of the pavement, but it will also create a smooth surface in section. Opposite to that idea, pavement of horizontal squares is made out of bigger stone plates, with clear orientation towards the each corresponding dominant building. Floor lamps are inserted in order to strengthen the idea of grid during the night as well.

SURFACES

First level of partition is the streets, which represent lines of movement. Out of that geometry, horizontal surfaces are rising from the continuous surface which is blended into existing topography of that area.

3 LINEAR CONSTRUCTIVE ELEMENTS Second level of partition is a series of linear constructive elements, which together with the existing facade are forming a series of abstract spatial entities. Each constructive element is oriented towards the one facade. That relation is visible trough the height of the constructive element, as well as with the rhythm of vertical columns.

floor plan scale 1:500


Redesign public squares in Subotica

Public Competition Group Work

36 1 MUNICIPALITY BUILDING SQUARE The biggest public space in the city. It is the framework of democratic public space, with the possibility of big gathering. Existing fountain would be kept only in ground level as an outline shape with sprinkles. This way, water feature can be simply turned of, depending on the activity on the square.

/06

2 THEATRE / LIBRARY SQUARE Smaller squares are ideal for smaller manifestation. They can function as two individual public spaces, or if necessary, they can both accommodate same activity, depending on the occasion. 3 OPEN THEATRE Open theatre is placed in the green area. It is resembling urban plan from the past, where another cultural building was supposed to be built. Stage is placed 2m underground, protecting it from the surrounding noise. Seating area is also divided into 2 parts, depending on the number of visitors. Under the upper part of seating, there is a restaurant with glass facade, completely opening to the park and outside. 4 MUNICIPALITY BUILDING COURTYARDS Courtyards were already active in the past as a cultural public space in the city of Subotica. We propose connecting all courtyards with the outside as well, introducing public life into Municipality building. Courtyards are perfect for musical manifestation in evening hours. 5 KORZO STREET Korzo Street is a new cultural hallway connecting two theatres on both sides. 3 flat surfaces strategically positioned along the street would be places for smaller exhibitions and manifestation. In functional and spatial idea, it is an extension of the movement trough the courtyards, producing one big cultural entity.

6 OTHER SURFACES Other smaller surfaces are meant for relaxation and informal gathering. They are heather treated as a green area or water area, both of them creating an image of nature in the city centre. On the border of each surface, there is a wooden bench. situation scale 1:1500


Istanbul Design

37

Course: Design Studio Master 4 | Public Buildings

/06

2 FORMING PUBLIC SPACE 1

1

1 NEW STREET FRONT

3 DIFFERENT SURFACE TREATMENT


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