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PETAR BOJOVIĆ portfolio 2007 - 2010

implosion the city the house self - fab social enterprise ManPowered disperse uncharted megastructure commercial infrastructure

graphics on the covers: development of concept for Sichuan School International Conceptual Design Competition team: Igor Pantić, Petar Bojović

CONTENT

WORK

02 |

implosion .... Student Housing - Competition for Architects Upto 35

08 |

the city .... Competition for Design of the Republic Square With the Fish Market

16 |

the house .... Bajić House - preliminary design

22 |

sustainable .... Self - Fab Housing 2007 - Competition Entry

28 | 30 |

34 |

disperse dwelling

40 |

masters thesis .... Contradictory Nature of the Places That Are Not on the Map

48 |

megastructure .... Demilitarization of the City Space

54 |

commercial .... Competition for Design of Residential/Commercial Building

56 |

infrastructure .... The Bridge - Competition Entry

60 |

computer visualization

64 |

CV

67 |

LIST OF REFERENCES

JimAuditorium - Boobamara - social enterprise ManPowered Mobile Cultural center - Competition Entry

main hall

the city | 10

The state of the complex flux of different spatial influences is reflected in the structure of the pavement. Our main architectural and political position regarding this particular spot is that the public space of the city has to be preserved and unified. The main tool for conductance of this policy was the geometrical grid that covers the entire area. Primary direction of spatial flow of all the primary communications, along the boulevard on the north side of location is represented in the lines of the pavement material - with the spreading of the paving tiles. The secondary – transversal direction between the old organic city structure and the new orthogonal one is very strong, but has no tangible references in the space to which we could have reacted. It creates the feeling that isn’t articulate enough to be caught with lines and is present more like some kind of “subconscious entity”. This was captured with the color. The fields that are closer to the old city block with its passages and alleys are darker, while those that are more in the open are lighter.

the city | 14

15 | the city

The Preliminary Design for

The Bajić House

Republika Srpska, Bosnia, Banjaluka .... 02. 03. 2010 (freelance for Beg_Ing Studio, Belgrade)

the house | 20

elevations

Self – Fab Housing

IAAC, Barcelona .... 17. 09. 2007

Shortlisted and Published by Actar <<<

(team: Nikola Damjanov, Slobodan Krsmanović, Petar Bojović)

Belgrade has widely spread and deeply rooted “do it your self” building culture that is mostly a consequence of socialist urban planning, which did not allow any form of individual dwelling nor private building initiative. The spontaneous building culture in Belgrade implies variety of habits and life styles associated with the use of specific parts of the city. The islands of river Sava are among such places. Those are green oasis in the heart of the city and favorite spaces for recreation. Ada Medjica is one of the most popular islands with many floating houses, where people of Belgrade spend their weekends.

<<

Most of the built structure on Medjica island is “do it your self” type of architecture. There is neither fresh water nor regulated waste disposal on the island. Floating houses, distributed on inappropriately short distances float on technically unreliable pontoons made out of used oil barrels. They are parasites on city power grid and they are polluting the river and the island’s forest with all kinds of waste. Their owners in many cases visit them rarely, and because of that, very attractive space remains occupied but unused. Also, there is no coordination amongst community members, and therefore it is impossible to regulate the pattern of space usage.

<<

**** We suggest that existing floating houses are replaced with short lived ephemeral structures, that are mainly build out of recycled elements which are produces on the island. The users assemble their own new floating houses on one of the potential positions out of the elements that are provided by the community center / ”Mothership”.

<<

All elements, beside solar panels and inflatable pontoons have very limited expiration date. The platform and wall panels are made out of mixture of recycled paper and organic glue, and are 5 or 15 cm thick. After they are installed and exposed to moisture, they are useable for a period of approximately 7 days. Expiration date of proposed floating house, matches the average time its users spend on the island during a single visit (2 – 10 days). All the things that are needed to assemble the floating house and to live there for a short period of time, are prepared, produced and recycled in the “Mothership”. That is the only permanent building on the island and it consists out of following functional elements: 1. space for gathering and classification of waste; 2. space for recycling and production of different kinds of paper elements; 3. space for preparation and issuing of capsules with batteries, fresh water (“The Cell”); 4. compost with extraction of biogas; 5. food storage; 6. kitchen; 7. restaurant; 8. administration; 9. dock The energy for maintenance of the entire system is provided by 16 water turbines, solar panels and biogas extracted from the biological waste.

<<

23 | sustainable

Location: Medjica Island, river Sava, New Belgrade

turbines

housing units

The Mothership

sustainable | 24

The production of electrical energy is realized in 3 possible ways: 1. harvesting the river stream power 2. using the solar energy 3. recycling biological waste 1. By using the new generation of specialized river turbines positioned along the coast line, it is possible to produce the main portion of the electric energy which is further used to supply all consumers within this project. Characteristics of such system are: - Turbine diameter / height D=1000mm / H=1500mm - Average river speed V=1m/s - Turbine power 29.3kW - Number of turbines 16 > The expected turbine power is 468kW. 2. By installing approximately 90 solar panels (550x400x25mm) on each housing unit roof and with average of 2000 sunny hours per year we can expect to generate 14kW of power for further electrical energy production. Characteristics: - number of panels per house / single roof area - total number of panels / single panel area

20 / 25m2 1800 / 0.22m2

25 | sustainable

3. Biological waste can be converted to biogas and further distributed for housing units exploitation. The total amount of electrical energy, generated by approximately 485kW of power given by the river (96.5%), sun (3%) and the biological waste (0.5%), is used for supplying 20 housing units and the “Mothership”. Primary power consumers: 1. “Mothership” heating; kitchen / restaurant; waste recycling (paper, biological waste, etc.); panel production line; cranes; illumination 2. Housing units heating; household appliances; illumination

“The Cell” battery lifetime is signifficantly shorter during the winter period - it can last no more than 24 hours. During the summer period, the battery can last up to five days.

sustainable | 26

16 turbines = 468 kW

food

20 floating house units, supplied by “The Mothership” issuing of “The Capsules” gathering and classification of waste

1 - space for gathering and classification of waste; 2 - space for recycling and production of different kinds of paper elements; 3 - space for preparation and issuing of capsules with batteries and fresh water (“The Cell”); 4 - compost with extraction of biogas; 5 - food storage; 6 - kitchen; 7 - restaurant 8 - administration; 9 - dock; 10 - store

27 | sustainable

1 - The â&#x20AC;&#x153;Cellâ&#x20AC;?; 2 - paper tube structure; 3 - steel frame; 4 - floor paper panels - 150mm; 5 - inflatable pontoon; 6 - collapsible fence; 7 - ceiling paper panels - 100mm; 8 - solar panels

JimAuditorium - Boobamara

social enterprise .... for Sava river quay , Begrade .... August 2010 (team: Nataša Prica, Jelena Grujić, Petar Bojović)

Site: Quay on the river bank in zone of New Belgrade’s “River Sava Projects”. (1965 – 1977). The main community center functions in this part of the city were never built during the Socialist government because of the permanent lack of funds. Besides of that, in the present moment it suffers from all the social problems of typical a modernist urban environment combined with those related to transition and poverty: the people are alienated and busy, the youth is uninspired to socialize, to study or to work. Not too many people feel connected with the space in which they live. The only functioning local activities are gyms and pubs. Concept: Ephemeral traveling auditorium for lectures and small concerts powered by electricity generated by people who workout on the gym bicycles that are connected to electric power generators while watching the performance. The success of the performance depends of the motivation of the audience to pedal and the skill of the performer, because if they stop pedaling – the light and sound systems will stop functioning because of the lack of power – and the show will soon be over. Team work of the audience and performers is essential.

DOT, International Competition for

ManPowered Mobile Cultural Center India, Bangalore .... 15. 03. 2009 Honorable Mention <<< (team: Slobodan KrsmanoviÄ&#x2021;, Petar BojoviÄ&#x2021;)

Project title: Slinky Rig The main goal is to provide easily transformable rig that can be adapted to many different kinds of urban environments and activities. The proposed design is a six-wheel platform that carries a set of seven rings, connected with steel armature (or bamboo brackets) and strong water-resistible tent or parachute canvas. By pooling the strings attached to the rings that stretch canvas, the users can decide in which way they want to occupy the space. They can lift the secondary platform up, if they want to create a stage or if they need some privacy, or they can put it next to the main platform to render more space in the same level. Slinky rig is manpowered and there is a possibility (if finance allows it) of installment of generator that would significantly enhance its autonomy.

31 | sustainable

Disperse Dwelling

studio Prof Branislav Mitrović .... 2007

The starting point of the analysis was the fact that the most wanted, best selling and most expensive ($/m²) apartments on Belgrade real-estate market are those of 30m², or 50m² divided in as many as possible small rooms. This fact carries a lot of implications - since all of the social groups are buying or renting apartments. If we skip the obvious case of the families that belong to vulnerable social groups that can’t afford to buy a bigger apartment (and that government’s social programs don’t help much either) – maybe we can conclude that certain number of flat-purchasers don’t need one. Maybe we can assume that there are people living in the city who have such a lifestyle which could be supported with the living space of 30 - 40 m².

<<

The phenomenon becomes even more clear when we think about the collapse of the notion of archetypal Family in relation to the notion of the House in context of the modern city e.g.: * The majority of single working men and women do not eat at home – they don’t need the large kitchen with dining room for eight people. * Many people make their social interactions in public spaces (cafés, restaurants, clubs…) – they don’t need a very large living room for to many guests * Students learn and practice in reading rooms or special places for that on their faculties - they don’t need a big library and two large working desks * Many sports fans watch their favorite matches in the pub or betting houses - they don’t need a large plasma TV and room for many chairs in front of it Fast pace of life, mass communications, the media and consumerism have changed the habits and expanded expectations of people when it comes to entertainment, nutrition, recreation … so to some extent it is absurd to expect them to satisfy their needs within the boundaries of an urban flat. Changing needs require revised definition of the comfortable apartment. Family, whose members are not bound to the mutual living space by any of its primary daily activities, naturally has different needs in comparison with the Families who gather around the table in the center of the House. Therefore a small apartment can be the curse of the vulnerable groups or the result of the lifestyle of people whose dwelling is dispersed throughout the urban matrix, along the paths of their daily migrations. (In any case small flats in Belgrade sometimes do not provide even the basic conditions for life – making their tenants to take some of the activities “outside” weather or not it is their free choice)

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Substandard flat without adequate functional context planned on the level of entire neighboring area simply can’t sustain humane life conditions. My thesis is that all of this boils down to conclusion that the small living unit is in fact an urban issue that requires a specific planning of the residential area.

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reading room

retired people club

billiard club

video club

media library

massage

table tennis

hostel

jacuzzy

video club

TV room

psychologist

TV room

hair dresser

dentist

massage

sports betting house

laundry

fast food

sound insulated music room

lawyers office

TV room

37 | disperse dwelling

The building has â&#x20AC;&#x153;socketsâ&#x20AC;? for insertion of public commercial acctivities that supplement the dwelling.

41 | the uncharted

Master Thesis - excerption studio Prof Branislav. Mitrović .... 2008 Faculty of Architecture, University of Belgrade

Contradictory Nature of the Places That Are Not on the Map Case Study: Belgrade and Pantelleria

The island and the city of Pantelleria were unnecessarily bombed by the allies at the end of WW II and turned to rubble. The city’s population of 20.000 shrank to present number of 2000. Due to inertia of the state government spatial planning administration and disappearance of many land owners – the Island is still interspersed with many sixty years old ruins and empty lots. Ruins of Pantelleria are not famous enough to be marked on the tourist map of the island, nor are they visible or important enough to be cleared or rebuilt, even tough the residents of the island are waiting for it to happen for more than sixty years. Paradoxical, temporary situation in life of buildings that lasts as much as it is necessary for them to be (re)built, accepted and deployed by government system takes in Pantelleria so long that it has become a new form of life. Ruins - the physical and political state of them is what I imagine to be a general tone that gives color to all that is happening in the city – are not on the map. State of the Pantelleria city reminds me very much of the state of many places in Belgrade (in many ways of the whole city). These are places which, although living for years with the city, somehow manage to stay out of sight of the general public and the authorities. Something about them prevents them from being recognized, acknowledged, named, or in any way put in the system amongst the other places that are on the map. >>

Properties of which I speak are mostly heterotopias described by Michel Foucault 1967. In contrast to utopias that are the inversion of the existing society but do not exist as such, heterotopias are related to a number of really existing inversions. These are the places that are “possessed” with the contradictions that are opposed to some of the basic, a priori principles that are underlying the space and layout of modern society: “the relationship between public and private, between work and leisure, cultural and utilitarian, family and society, reality and illusion, legal and illegal ...

>>

Heterotopias - the points at which the invisible conflicts that define the space in which we live are amplified - were the subject of my interest. Working on them, was an opportunity for me to review many of the unconsciously adopted (systemic) design patterns and to deal with spatial problems “that exist for me personally” (Barth 1980). I wanted to form my own description of the concept through a series of case studies and architectural designs. By doing that, I wanted to compare the situation of selected Belgrade heterotopias and those from Pantelleria in order to prove similarity.

Temporary Screening Room and Theater The selected site is privately owned parcel which contains the remains of an amphitheater from the thirties. Its activation involves an intervention that will not damage the archaeological site; which will be limited by the time frame duration of archaeological, legal, urban and other necessary analysis needed to make the conditions so that on this plot could be built any kind of permanent structure. The proposed solution is a temporary structure: the projection room as a box of polycarbonate panels, mounted on the dismantling steel structure that stands on the existing remains of the amphitheater. The extension that includes technical properties (wardrobe, room for chemical toilets, storage, tank for drinking water and bar) connects the screening room with the secondary object that comes out on the street and stands in the place of ruin of some residential building. Inside of the secondary object is store for selling books and films on the ground floor and a multifunctional hall for fifty viewers on the first floor.

Belgrade

police garage under the bridge

Bicycle Tourism Center of Belgrade

(in the garage for discarded police vehicles under Brankoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s bridge in Belgrade) This area is involved in the process of decomposition that lasts for more than twenty years. In addition to the physical deterioration of the material of which it is made, in the past period of time, the essence of the relationship between its name, function and location has largely collapsed as well. Uncertainties related to the history and meaning of this facility, tell more about its nature than the known facts, or its actual appearance. My answer lies in the mobilization of the existing cycling culture of this area. The solution depends on the networking of this area with existing and potential bicycle paths and routes in the city and beyond. The proposed Center of bicycle tourism is a flexible space that should function as a service for activities related to the sport: bike rental, bicycle hostel in Belgrade for guests that ended a long road stage, showers, massage, shop, cafĂŠ, a special kitchen for cyclistâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s food, tourist agencies, mechanic and fitness.

the uncharted | p46

cross section

cross section detail

International Competition for

The Bridge In Novi Sad

Serbia, Novi sad.... 15. 01. 2009 Honorable Mention <<< team of authors: Aleksandar Bojović - bridge structure Nenad Jakovljević - pillars and foundations Petar Bojović - architecture Mišo Maksimović - tunnels Dušan Pačić - roads and urbanism

The bridge is located at the tender required location, on the existing pillars of the former railway bridge Franz Josef built in 1883, under the Petrovaradin Fortress. Basic postulates of the solution are: 1) the bridge has to be visually different from the existing grid has been chosen 2) that the bridge has smaller longitudinal slope - small depth of the structure deck, 3) structure deck has to be inexpensive, resistant to fatigue and to atmospheric effects, cheap for maintenance - composite deck structure, 4) main load bearing system has the minimum of the required steel material. According to the previous structural and architectural considerations, the system of composite steelconcrete trusses, chords with the wave motion through the space was chosen. That’s how the whole project was named – The Danube wave.

57 | infrastructure

59 | infrastructure

The bridge is an extension of one of the main boulevards of Novi Sad. It connects the old city center with the Austro-Hungarian Petrovaradin fortress. The main architectural considerations regarding the form of the structure were: 1) to emphasize the view of the fortress from the direction of the boulevard, 2) to try to make the structure as discreet as possible when perceived from the bridge deck, 3) to introduce it as a new landmark of the city. The structure is consisted out of four consecutive parabolic arches that form a wave line which goes above and below the bridge deck. In that way we managed to hide the arches that are closest to the river banks and the fortress. The composition is dynamic and fluent when watched from the from the city quay and discreet when viewed from the old fortress.

LIST OF REFERENCES www.petarbojovic.com co mpet it i on s co mm ision s - f r e e l a nc e in terio r d e s i g n wo rk w it h M it Ar ch

67 | references

Competitions: Student Housing - International Competition for Architects Upto 35 Greece, Athens - 07. 09. 2009 team: Žarko Uzelac, Igor Pantić, Petar Bojović >>> Shortlisted International Competition for Conceptual Design of the Republic Square With the Fish Market Serbia, Novi Sad - 27. 04. 2009 team: Žarko Uzelac, Nikola Marinčić, Petar Bojović >>> Ist prize

Sichuan School International Conceptual Design Competition China, Sichuan - 12. 04. 2009 team: Igor Pantić, Petar Bojović >>> Honorable Mention

DOT, International Competition for Mobile Cultural Center India, Bangalore - 15. 03. 2009 team: Slobodan Krsmanović, Petar Bojović >>> Honorable Mention International Competition for The Bridge In Novi Sad Serbia, Novi sad - 15. 01. 2009 team of authors: Aleksandar Bojović - bridge structure, Nenad Jakovljević - pillars and foundations, Petar Bojović - architecture, Mišo Maksimović - tunnels, | Dušan Pačić - roads and urbanism >>> Honorable Mention

International Competition for The New Building of The Museum of Contemporary Art of Vojvodina. Serbia, Novi sad - 28. 06. 2007 team: Nikola Marinčić, Uroš Kovačević, Petar Bojović >>> Shortlisted

Self – Fab Housing. IAAC, Barcelona - 17. 09. 2007 team: Nikola Damjanov, Slobodan Krsmanović, Petar Bojović >>> Shortlisted, published by Actar

Conceptual Design for The City Square of Ruma Competition Serbia, Ruma - 23. 12. 2006 team: Miloš Paunović, Petar Bojović, Igor Pantić, Uroš Kovačević

references | 68

Commissions / Freelance: Ostojić House - preliminary design (110m2) Serbia, Belgrade – September 2010 (freelance)

Bajić House - preliminary design (650m2) Republika Srpska, Bosnia, Banjaluka - 02. 03. 2010 (freelance for Beg_Ing Studio, Belgrade) Three Mosques in Lybia - conceptual design Lybia - April 2010 (freelance)

Collective Housing - preliminary design (2 800m2) Republika Srpska, Bosnia, Banjaluka - 20. 10. 2008 (freelance for Beg_Ing Studio, Belgrade)

Reconstruction of Water Tower for Steam Engines Serbia, Inđija - 01. 09. 2008 commissioned by Municipality of Inđija team: Žarko Uzelac, Nikola Marinčić, Petar Bojović

Elementary School - preliminary design Serbia, Inđija - 25. 08. 2008 commissioned by Municipality of Inđija team: Žarko Uzelac, Nikola Marinčić, Igor Pantić, Petar Bojović Motel – preliminary design (600m2) Serbia, Belgrade - 05. 08. 2007 (freelance) Sky Center - conceptual design (25 000m2) Bosnia, Kozile – 07. 08. 2006 team: Petar Bojović, Srđan Derajić (freelance for Beg_Ing Studio, Belgrade)

Interior Design

IT College - detailed design (1200m2) Serbia, Inđija - August 2010 (with Studio BUM)

Apartment - detailed design Serbia, Belgrade, Jurija Gagarina street - 10. 07. 2010 (freelance) Apartment – conceptual design Serbia, Belgrade, Jurija Gagarina street - 01. 06. 2010 (freelance)

Apartment - detailed design Serbia, Belgrade, Dimitrija Tucovića street - 12. 12. 2008 (freelance)

Apartment - detailed design Serbia, Belgrade, Radoja Dakića street - 01. 11. 2008 (freelance) Green Party Youth Club - conceptual design Serbia, Belgrade, Dragoslava Popovića street, 30. 10. 2008 (freelance) Schkatula Store - conceptual design and logo Serbia, Belgrade, Svetog Save 8 - 09. 08. 2008 (freelance) Terrace of the Bar Favela - detailed design Serbia, Belgrade,Miročka 3 - 30. 04. 2008 (freelance) Restaurant Oasis – detailed design Serbia, Belgrade – 28. 04. 2008

Interior of the Bar Favela - detailed design Serbia, Belgrade,Miročka 3 - 14. 07. 2007 (freelance)

Work in Studio MitArh (Prof. Branislav Mitrović) February 2007 – March 2008 Commissions: Residential/Commercial Building for Atlas Bank - conceptual design Monte Negro, Budva - April 2007 [architectural designer + 3d] Hotel Starr (50 000m²) - conceptual design Serbia, Belgrade, Dedinje - April 2007 [junior associate – elaboration of functional areas] Residential Complex in Municipality St. Stefan - conceptual design Monte Negro, St. Stefan - March 2007 [junior associate – elaboration of functional areas]

references | 70

Residential Building in Petrovac - preliminary design Monte Negro, Petrovac - May 2007 [3d]

Residential Complex Bijeli Rat - conceptual design Monte Negro, St. Stefan - June 2007 [analysis of form + 3d]

Miranović House - preliminary design Monte Negro, St. Stefan - September 2007 [analysis of form + 3d] Residential/Commercial Building - conceptual design Serbia, Belgrade, Dimitrija Tucovića street - September 2007 [architectural designer] Six Starr Hotel (4 variants, 80 000 m²) - conceptual design Monte Negro, Bečići - November 2007 [architectural designer + 3d] Residential/Commercial Building - conceptual design Serbia, Subotica - November 2007 [architectural designer + 3d] Urban Design of Residential Complex Bijeli Rat (60 000 m²) - conceptual design Monte Negro, St. Stefan - December 2007 [junior associate – elaboration of functional areas] Penthouse Apartment Serbia, Belgrade, Bulevar Kralja Aleksandra - February 2008 [analysis of form + 3d] Residential Complex on Site Zoganje - conceptual design Monte Negro, St. Stefan - February 2008 [analysis of form + 3d]

Popović House - preliminary design Monte Negro, St. Stefan - March 2008 [architectural designer + 3d]

Durutović House. preliminary design Monte Negro, St. Stefan - March 2008 [architectural designer + 3d]

Competitions: Conceptual Design for Tax Administration Building in Novi Sad Serbia, Novi sad - April 2007 >>> Ist prize [junior associate]

Conceptual Arch - Urb Design for Block 25 and 26 in Novi Beograd (600 000 m²) Serbia, Belgrade - 18. 04. 2007 [architectural designer]

Competition for Conceptual Design of Residential/Commercial Building in Mačvanska Street. Serbia, Belgrade - 28. 06. 2008 >>> Ist prize [analysis of form + 3d]

Conceptual Design of Monument of Independence of Republic Azerbaijan - 01. 10. 2007 [3d] Competition for Conceptual Design of Residential/Commercial Building in Block 11a (25 000 m²) Serbia, Belgrade - 12. 02. 2008 >>> Ist prize [coauthor]

Junior associate: Elaboration of functional areas – solving functional problems in a specific segment of design (e.g. hotel kitchen, apartment unit, entrance hall ….) drafting making final drawings in CAD 3d: Making and rendering of digital models (work and final) Exploring graphical representation concepts Analysis of form Architectural designer: Initial analysis of context and program Making primary architectural concept with main program and functional elements under supervision and guidance from chief of studio Coordination of other associates working on the same task Author: Making decisions throughout the entire design process Coordination of other associates working on the same task

Every limitation is an opportunity for invention.

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Petar Bojovic - Architecture Portfolio