Page 1

PESS e-Zine PESS| e-Zine| Sept 2015





Head of Department Welcome On behalf of the Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences (PESS) I wish to welcome you to the next edition of the PESS e-Zine. My thanks to all those involved in the editing and contribution of submissions to the e-Zine. Through the UL Beo initiative, PESS is supporting the inaugural Pat Duffy Lecture on the 5th October 2015. As you may recall, a tribute to Pat Duffy appeared in the last edition of the PESS e-Zine. The university community is invited to attend the event and Baroness Sue Campbell CBE (Chair of Youth Sport Trust UK and former Chair of UK Sport) and Dr. Keith Wood (former Ireland and Lions Rugby Captain and Chair of the Healthy Ireland Council). Further information on the event is noted in this edition of the PESS e-Zine.

exploring research connections and / or collaborations with PESS to contact me at or contact Orla at I would encourage students and staff to forward information on student and staff achievements (your own or others) to Michelle.Hyland so that such achievements can be celebrated and promoted. I trust you will find the sixth edition of PESS e-Zine as informative and engaging as previous additions. Ann

I would like to welcome Dr. Tom Comyns (Lbb in Human Movement Science), Dr. Giles Warrington (SL in Sport and Exercise Science), Dr. Orla Power-Grant (EHS Research Funding Officer), Alan Griffin (Sport and Exercise Science Teaching Assistant), Rosemary Daniel (Applied Sport Experimental Officer) and Sharon Nolan (Senior Administrator) to PESS. The role of Orla’s post, jointly funded by PESS and GEMS, is to provide dedicated support to researchers within PESS, the Graduate Entry Medical School (GEMS) and the wider EHS Faculty. Orla aims to assist researchers in identifying funding opportunities and supporting them in preparing applications for external research funding. It is envisaged that collaborations across PESS and GEMS and across EHS will lead to synergistic partnerships and make a contribution to the strategic development of faculty research outputs and thus support the EHS Research Strategy and the University’s Strategic Plan. I encourage those interested in

L-R Dr. Elaine Murtagh, MIC; Prof. Stewart Trost, Queensland University of Technology (Keynote at PEPAYS Ireland Forum), Dr. Ann. MacPhail.

Note from the Editors


elcome to the 2015 Autumn edition of the PESS e-Zine. This issue looks at the breath of some of the research activities, and events that have happened or are ongoing in the Physical Education and Sport Sciences (PESS) Department since April 2015.

We would like to welcome all new students to the department and hope that your academic and personal time will be enjoyable while you are studying at UL. This next edition offers research news about the two recent conferences hosted by the department, ICAMPAM and the PE-PAYS Ireland Forum. In addition a number of staff and postgraduate students presented their research at the ISBS conference in June. Dr. Ross Anderson describes the recent restructuring of the first year Sport and Exercise Sciences programme and what it means for the student experience. In May 2015, some of the 2015 BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition participants visited the PESS department to present their research projects to the department. Clare Murphy and Jessie Barr, recipients of a PESS co-operative placement and internship, describe their placements the department. PESS staff and student achievements are acknowledged and celebrated in the latter pages of the e-Zine. Congratulations to the five graduates from the PESS department who have been inducted into the UL Sports Hall of Fame. We would like to thank all our contributors to the Autumn 2015 edition and hope you enjoy this next PESS e-Zine edition.

Rhoda Sohun and Ian Kenny The PESS E-Zine is published by the the Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences. We would be delighted to receive your comments and ideas for future editions. The opinions and views in the publication are those of the contributors and not necessarily of the PESS Department. While every care is taken to ensure accuracy in the completion of this e-Zine, the PESS department cannot accept responsibility for any errors or omissions or effects arising thereof. However, such errors may be brought to the attention of the Editors. All material is copyright. |01 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine

CONTENTS Physical Education & Sport Sciences|e-Zine|Autumn 2015



Research 3

3 16

4th International Conference on Ambulatory Monitoring of Physical Activity and Movement (ICAMPAM) Dr. Kieran Dowd & Prof. Alan Donnelly


Milk Proteins: Packing a Powerful Punch Dr. Orla Power-Grant


Biomechanics Research Unit Researchers present at the 2015 ISBS Conference Dr. Ian Kenny


The Benefit of Golf to Mental Health & Well-Being Dr. Mark Campbell


PEPAYS- Ireland Forum 2015 Ian Sherwin

Features 6 11


PESS Graduates celebrated in the UL Sport Hall of Fame 2015 Enhance, Engage, Educate - A Pioneering Transition in Sport and Exercise Sciences Dr. Ross Anderson NCEF: National and European Academic and Industry Pathways Áine Ni Chonaill


News 1

Head of Department Welcome Dr. Ann MacPhail


Jacinta O’Brien 10km Race 2015 Dr. Mark Lyons


New Short Course: Video Performance


New Faculty Appointments in PESS


PESS Summer Graduations 2015


PESS Staff Achievements


PESS Student & Graduate Achievements



Outreach Activities


PESS Internship and Co-operative Education Placements Clare Murphy & Jessie Barr


Moving to Learn Ireland: A Classroom Based Movement Integration Resource Dr. Jaimie McMullen


PESS athletes at the UL Vs Harvard Yale Athletics Meet Roisín Howard


2015 BT and Young Scientist &Technology Exhibition Participants Visit PESS


4th International Conference on Ambulatory Monitoring of Physical Activity and Movement (ICAMPAM 2015) Organising Committee Member: Dr. Kieran Dowd Conference Chair: Prof. Alan Donnelly Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences

The 4th International Conference on Ambulatory Monitoring of Physical Activity and Movement (ICAMPAM) took place at the University of Limerick between the 10th and 12th June 2015. ICAMPAM is the official biennial conference hosted by the newly formed International Society for the Measurement of Physical Behaviour (ISMPB). The conference built on previous meetings hosted in Rotterdam (2009), Glasgow (2011) and Amherst (2013). The conference aims to bring together leading researchers, new investigators and research students whose interests are in the measurement of physical behaviours, including physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep.

Social Programme: The conference opening reception was hosted at the Pavilion bar and restaurant on Tuesday evening, where the visiting delegates were treated to a game of Camogie and a relaxing glass of wine in the Limerick sunshine. The official conference banquet was held in the Strand Hotel, Limerick, where delegates were treated to great food and traditional Irish music and dance. In his welcoming address, Hans Bussmann, President of ISMPB, referred to ICAMPAM Limerick 2015 as “…the best ICAMPAM to date”.

The 4th ICAMPAM at UL was a global conference, with over 270 delegates from across Europe, North and South America, Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Australia and New Zealand attending. The scientific programme included 5 keynote speakers, 10 invited speakers, 44 oral presentations and 161 poster presentations. There were also 4 pre-conference workshops and 5 symposia hosted throughout the conference. The primary thematic areas of the conference were: ● Physical behaviours and health outcomes ● Measuring and optimising activity in clinical populations ● Engineering and device development ● Data processing, statistics and computational methods ● Validation and calibration The conference was organised by members of the department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences (Prof. Alan Donnelly, Dr. Kieran Dowd, Dr. Ross Anderson, Dr. Brian Carson, Dr. D.J. Collins, Maeve Gleeson, Dr. Ian Kenny, Dr. Fiona Ling, Dr. Mark Lyons, Rhoda Sohun), the department of Clinical Therapies (Dr. Amanda Clifford, Dr. Susan Coote, Dr. Norelee Kennedy, Dr. Kieran O’Sullivan) and the department of Electronic and Computer Engineering (Dr. John Nelson and Dr. Pepijn Van de Ven). The conference organisers would like to say a special thank you to the 23 undergraduate and postgraduate students from the PESS department and from across the faculty of Education and Health Sciences that volunteered and helped make the conference a success. |03 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine

Prof Alan Donnelly closed ICAMPAM Limerick 2015 on the afternoon of Friday 12th. Over 50 delegates took the opportunity to visit the Cliffs of Moher on a post conference excursion. Delegates walked the Cliffs, and visited the cliffs centre, which was followed by a trip to Doolin and Gus O’Connor’s pub, where delegates sampled more traditional Irish music, food and drink.

ICAMPAM 2015 KEYNOTE PRESENTERS Professor Ulf Ekelund Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway, Medical Research Centre Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, UK. Keynote: “Physical Activity, Sedentary Time and Cardio-metabolic Health in Youth: Does the Measurement of the Exposure Influence the Results?” During this keynote presentation, Professor Ekelund discussed the importance of accurate measurement of exposure variables in epidemiological research; whether the magnitude of associations between physical activity and health outcomes is dependent on the intensity; the role of substituting sedentary time with light, moderate and vigorous intensity physical activity in relation to health outcomes and the issue of reverse causality for the associations between sedentary time, physical activity and metabolic health outcomes in young people.

Professor Kamiar Aminian Director of the Laboratory of Movement Analysis and Measurement in the Institute of Bioengineering of Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland. Keynote “Advances in Technology and Algorithms for Activity Monitoring” During the presentation, Professor Aminian discussed the development of wearable technologies that are capable of measuring Activities of Daily Living. The main approaches for the detection of Activities of Daily Living were discussed with a particular focus on “event driven” algorithms. The impact of unobtrusive long-term monitoring of Activities of Daily Living was discussed, while results with example from aging populations and patients with stroke and chronic pain were presented.

Professor James Levine Mayo Clinic at Arizona State University

Professor Lynn Rochester Member of Institute of Neuroscience at Newcastle University, Chair in Human Movement Science, Deputy Director of the Clinical Ageing Research Unit (CARU) Keynote: “Ambulatory Activity in Parkinson’s – Pushing the Boundaries of Measurement” During her keynote presentation, Professor Rochester described how quantitative measurement of gait has an important role to play in neurodegenerative disease to inform disease mechanism and progression, patient management and efficacy of interventions. Work from her laboratory, which utilised body worn sensors to characterise gait at both a micro and macro level, was presented. This work aims to provide a more complete picture and account for attentional fluctuations and environmental demands which place additional constraints on performance. The applications of this work were discussed, and results from a large cohort in people with Parkinson’s disease using these approaches were presented.

Professor Greg Welk Professor of Health Promotion and Exercise in the Department of Kinesiology, Iowa State University. Keynote “Objective Physical Activity Monitoring: New Directions and New Opportunities” Professor Welk is a physical activity researcher with interests in broad epidemiology and public health applications. His primary research interests are on the assessment and promotion of physical activity and fitness in different populations, with a particular interest in the reliability and validity of different physical activity assessment technique. Prof Welk’s presentation summarised lessons learned from systematic evaluations of various activity monitoring technologies and provided guidelines for effective evaluation of new monitoring methods. Specific focus was placed on recent evaluations of new consumer monitoring technologies and wearable sensors as well as applications of monitors for behavioural change and clinical applications.

Keynote “Sick or Sitting – How Chairs Kill” Professor Levine is a world authority on obesity, serving as a named expert at the United Nations, an invitee to the President's Cancer Panel, and a consultant to governments internationally. Professor Levine presented the epidemiologic, physiologic, and molecular data which suggests that a sedentary lifestyle can explain, in part, how modernity is associated with obesity, more than 30 chronic diseases and conditions, and high health care costs. Professor Levine described the history of sedentariness, and provided evidence of how work environments, schools, communities, and cities can be re-imagined and re-invented as walking spaces, and people thereby offered more active, happier, healthier, and productive lives.

All the talks were well attended, and were well received by the audience. The additional 10 invited speakers gave short presentations at the conference, providing information in depth to support the key themes of ICAMPAM 2015. The conference provided an excellent showpiece for UL researchers, for UL staff and postgraduates who ran the event, and especially for UL’s campus and facilities. Twitter posts after the conference indicated strong praise for the speakers, the conference organisers and staff, and there were many photographs posted of UL’s beautiful campus in the early Summer sunshine. |04 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine


Moving to Learn Ireland: Moving to Learn Ireland: A Classroom-Based Movement A Classroom-Based Movement Integration Resource Integration Resource Dr. Jaimie McMullen Dr. Jaimie McMullen

Department of Physical Education &

Department of Physical Education & Sport Sport Sciences Department Sciences Department

Dr. Jaimie McMullen, a lecturer in the Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, along with colleagues from Mary Immaculate College, developed a classroombased movement programme called ‘Moving to Learn Ireland’ for use in primary school classrooms across Ireland. A partnership with Croí Heart and Stroke Centre and the National Institute for Preventive Cardiology, that will assist with the production of the resource, means that the programme has the potential for dissemination throughout Ireland.

Teachers also reacted favourably to the movement integration activities and described the resource as relevant and easy to implement. The teachers in the study particularly enjoyed the maths lessons because the movement was integrated easily with the concepts they were teaching.

The resource was designed to include 30 academicallyoriented movement lessons and five general movement activities that teachers could access throughout the school day. The academic lessons included in the programme span all three core subjects (English, Irish and Maths) and were designed to allow teachers to substitute sedentary learning activities with more active ones. Given that children in Ireland are not meeting physical activity recommendations (Harrington et al., 2014), schools have been identified as an important venue for reducing the amount of time young people engage in sedentary behaviour on a daily basis.

The development of the resource will likely see the programme including a physical resource as well as an online component so that it can be easily accessed by primary school teachers all over Ireland. There are plans in place to look at developing a similar project for secondary school classroom teachers. For more information about Moving to Learn Ireland please contact: Reference Harrington, D.M., Belton, S., Coppinger, T., Cullen, M., Donnelly, A., Dowd, K., Keating, T., Layte, R., Murphy, M., Murphy, N., Murtagh E.& Woods, C. (2014). Results From Ireland’s 2014 Report Card on Physical Activity in Children and Youth. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 11(Supp 1), S63-S68.

International research has suggested that movement in the classroom is an effective tool to reduce the amount of time children spend sedentary each day, which supports the purpose of this project. The pilot study, which was conducted during the spring of 2015, included teachers and students from two schools in County Galway and provides insight into the programme’s impact on physical activity levels as well as valuable information about the feasibility of the programme in primary schools from both the student and teacher perspective. Throughout the research process, teachers and students were asked to provide their perspectives on the programme and their insights have helped the research team to make adjustments to the resource content and design. Preliminary analysis of the results indicates that the large majority of the children thoroughly enjoyed taking part in the activities. In fact, they wanted even MORE movement in the classroom, even beyond what they were getting with the addition of the movement lessons! |05 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine

Example of Maths Resource for Moving to Learn.

The Hall of Fame was established in 2013 during the UL 40 celebrations with the purpose of recognising and acknowledging those who have made a considerable contribution to sporting and athletic excellence at the University of Limerick. In 2013, eleven of the inductees were either graduates of the department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences or formerly Thomond College of Education, or were teaching faculty of the department. On the 22nd August 2015, seven outstanding individuals were inducted into the UL Sports Hall of Fame. Five of these individuals were graduates of the Physical Education and Sport Sciences Department. The achievements of these five inductees are described in this feature. The department would also like to acknowledge the other inductees and congratulate them on their sporting achievements. They are as follows: ● Keith Wood(Rugby) ●  Brian Lohan (Hurling)


Graduates from the Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences recognised in the UL Sport Hall of Fame 2015 Slam in 2013. Fiona has three interprovincial titles (Leinster), eleven All-Ireland titles (UL Bohemians), four intervarsity titles (UL) as well as numerous awards including ‘The Irish Times/Irish Sports Council Sportswoman of the Year Award 2013’ and ‘The Life Style Sports Special Merit Award 2015’.

Seán McGrath - Paralympian Seán McGrath graduated in 1988 with a Bacheor of Arts in Physical Education and in 1997 with a Master of Science. Seán McGrath is a much-capped international swimmer, winning two European Championships bronze medals in Paris (1987) and Barcelona (1991), a Paralympic bronze medal in Seoul (1988) and a World Championship silver medal in Assen (1990). Seán also completed with the Irish Sonar sailing team at the Sydney (2000) and Athens (2004) Paralympics. Seán has coached athletics and GAA at club, intercounty, provincial, national and international level.

Liam O’Brien - Athletics

L-R Fiona Coghlan, Sean McGrath, Keith Wood, Fiona O’Drioscall, Liam O’Brien, Ruth Algar, and Brian Lohan at the UL Hall of Fame celebrations in October 2015.

Ruth Algar - Athletics Ruth Algar graduated in 1976 with a Bachelor of Education in Physical Education. A national champion in the 100m, 200m, 100m hurdles, 4X100m relay and pentathlon, Ruth was part of the Crusaders team that won the National Premier Division League five times (19741978). Ruth represented the National College of Physical Education/Thomond College of Education with great distinction in intervarsity events.

Fiona Coghlan - Rugby Fiona Coghlan graduated in 2005 with a Bachelor of Science in Physical Education. Winning her first cap in 2003 and playing 85 times for Ireland, Fiona captained the Irish women’s rugby team to its first Six Nations Grand

Liam O’Brien graduated in 1977 with a Bachelor of Education in Physical Education. Olympic athlete Liam O’Brien began running competitively in the 1960’s and his speciality was the steeplechase. He won his first national title in 1977 and claimed 10 more titles by 1995 with a number of records still standing today. He qualified for the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics and reached the semi-final of the men’s 3000m steeplechase.

Fiona O’Driscoll - Camogie/Gaelic Football Fiona O’Driscoll graduated in 1995 with a Bachelor of Arts in Physical Education. Fiona holds six All-Ireland Senior medals and was nominated to the All-Stars Football Team (1997 and 1995) and the inaugural All-stars Camogie Team (2003). O’Driscoll captained the UL camogies team to victory in the Ashbourne Cup (1995) and played on three O’Connor Cup winning football teams (1993-1995). As coach, O’Driscoll led the Cork senior camogie team to All-Ireland titles in 2005 and 2006. |06 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine


Milk Proteins: Packing a Powerful Punch Dr. Orla Power-Grant Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences/Graduate Entry Medical School

In recent years, the term super foods has gained a lot of media interest and consumer attention and a variety of foods now carry this tag on their product label. Protein is a nutrient that has received mixed press over the years and is in the spotlight again but for a good reason. It has recently been dubbed a super nutrient. The nutritional and scientific focus on protein has shifted to the source and type of protein and also the functional benefits of certain protein rich foods.

The Important Role of Protein Protein is the major structural component of all cells in the body. The body requires a steady supply of the nine essential amino acids from dietary protein for growth and repair. Skeletal muscle is the largest reservoir for amino acids in the body, making it an important regulator of whole body protein metabolism. Consuming a protein containing meal increases muscle protein synthesis and decreases muscle protein breakdown. In reality, this should help to maintain muscle mass, enhance muscle function, mobility and ultimately prevent chronic diseases such as sarcopenia, the age related loss of muscle mass and strength. So whether you are a top class athlete, an everyday fitness enthusiast, a weekend warrior or just looking to remain active, as you age, you need to consider your dietary protein intake.

How Much Protein ? Muscle is a metabolically active organ and constantly undergoes remodelling through protein turnover. Therefore, sufficient dietary protein must be consumed to replenish intracellular amino acid stores. A new perspective is gaining momentum and recent scientific studies suggest that in order to maximise the potential for muscle growth it is best to consume protein throughout the day (Mamerow et al., 2014). This type of meal based approach recommends consuming ~30 g of high quality protein at breakfast, lunch and dinner (~90 g over the course of three meals) in order to maximise delivery of the key nutrients to the muscle. The essential amino acids and leucine, in particular, has been found to be the primary regulator of the protein synthetic response which ultimately helps in maintaining muscle mass.

Milk Proteins Dairy proteins are a naturally rich source of essential amino acid including leucine. However, not all food protein sources contain equal quantities of this vital nutrient. For example, in order to deliver 2.5 g of leucine (a quantity identified as a threshold for muscle protein synthesis) you need to consume ~37 g of wheat gluten or 13 slices of whole wheat bread. Due to the superior amino acid profile of whey protein this dose can be achieved |07 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine

from ~25 g of whey. Strategies can also be adopted during processing to naturally enrich milk proteins in leucine. In addition to the favourable amino acid profile, milk protein derived peptides have shown beneficial health effects including some which may help to build or preserve muscle mass. Recent scientific studies have shown that milk derived peptides have the added benefit of multifunctionality, meaning they produce more than one health effect including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and glucoregulatory effects. These biofunctional peptides could prove more effective as they target multiple physiological pathways.

Food for Health Ireland Research Programme These bioactive peptides are the focus of research within the Food for Health Ireland (FHI) research programme. FHI is a dairy innovation consortium investigating milk derived biofunctional peptides. FHI is investigating strategies to release these peptides from milk proteins and then evaluate their efficacy, initially in the laboratory and ultimately in human studies with sports participants or those who are looking to maintain a healthy and active lifestyle as they age. This type of approach brings together scientists from diverse disciplines such as food scientists, biochemists, exercise scientists and molecular biologists along with the commercial expertise of five leading Irish dairy companies. Within the FHI consortium there is a team of researchers focused on designing and testing a range of milk derived functional ingredients that will maximise muscle growth, repair and restoration of muscle function after exercise. Research is underway and it seems likely that milk proteins pack a real punch, so watch this space! Further Research ● Power, O., Jakeman, P. & Fitzgerald, R. J. 2013. Antioxidative peptides: enzymatic production, in vitro and in vivo antioxidant activity and potential applications of milk-derived antioxidative peptides. Amino Acids, 44, 797-820. ● Power, O., Nongonierma, A. B., Jakeman, P. & Fitzgerald, R. J. 2013. Food protein hydrolysates as a source of dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitory peptides for the management of type 2 diabetes. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 73, 34-46. Dr Orla Power-Grant Research Funding Officer Role: Provide dedicated research funding support to researchers within the faculty of Education and Health Sciences with a strong focus on the research activities of the Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences and the Graduate Entry Medical School. Orla’s role involves: · Scoping and investigating funding opportunities · Providing support during the proposal development, review and submission process · Facilitating faculty wide research collaborations

A Report by Dr. Mark Lyons Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences

The 2nd year Sport and Exercise Sciences class, as part of their ‘Coaching Science and Performance’ module this year organised the Jacinta O’Brien 10k race, an annual run in memory of Jacinta O’ Brien, a former member of the teaching staff in the PESS Department. Jacinta passed away in her sleep from sudden adult death syndrome and this year marked the 11th anniversary of her death. As a student, teacher and colleague, Jacinta had a major influence on the UL campus and its people. Teaching was her passion and she was particularly enthusiastic about Sport Psychology and women’s involvement in sport. Jacinta was a “leading light” in women’s sport, running events including the Fitzgibbon Cup as well as coaching the Ashbourne Cup team. She was instrumental in organising previous Plassey 10K races and her memory will live on in this race which is named in her honour. Each year, the race generates much needed funds for very worthwhile charities which are chosen by the students. This year the chosen charities were Barretstown and Aware. The charity Aware aims to help those affected by stress, depression, bipolar and mood disorders to be understood, supported and free from stigma. Aware also encourages those affected by mental illnesses to access appropriate therapies. Aware relies heavily on public donations which fund 91.5% of their services. Barretstown offers a free service to sick children and families affected by serious illnesses. It costs €4.5 million annually for Barretstown to run its services, and these costs are largely met through charitable donations.


The Jacinata O’Brien 10km Race

including race communication and entertainment, registration, race management, safety, facilities and budget. A launch day was held on the university campus which proved to be a huge success with over €1,000 raised from selling wrist bands, cakes (baked by the students), and proceeds from raffles with various prizes. The race was promoted through local radio stations, newspapers, a race website, Facebook and Twitter. The race took place on Sunday 12th April 2015. An enthusiastic Richie Clifford put the runners through their paces beforehand to ensure everyone was warmed up in advance of the race which commenced at 11.15am at Kilmurry student village. In wet conditions, over 250 runners and walkers of various levels and abilities took part in the race, encouraged by the 2nd year Sport and Exercise Sciences students who marshalled the entire 10K route. The route took in the spectacular UL campus including Thomond Bridge, the Pavilion, Irish World Academy , the Medical School and Living Bridge before finishing on the UL Sport running track. There were prizes on the day for the top 4 male and female runners with Niall Shanahan and Stephanie Johnson winning the male and female categories. A total of €5,000 was raised in total this year with €2,500 going to each of the two charities, Aware and Barretstown. A huge thanks to St. John’s Ambulance and the Gardai for ensuring that a safe race was again delivered this year in testing conditions. Sincere thanks to Neasa O’Donnell for all her help and assistance in the planning and organising of the race. Finally, huge credit goes to this year’s race leaders David Nolan, Patrick McCarthy and Malachy Sheeran for their work and effort in putting on this year’s race. Well done to everyone concerned!

In the 10 weeks leading up to the race, postgraduate students Cormac Powell and Hannah McCormack chaired numerous planning meetings with the 2nd year class to ensure all aspects of the race were meticulously planned |08 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine


Biomechanics Research Unit @ 2015 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Conference, France Dr. Drew Harrison, Dr. Ross Anderson, Dr. Ian Kenny Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences

The University of Limerick’s Biomechanics Research Unit were strongly represented at the July 2015 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS) Conference in Poitiers, France. Dr. Drew Harrison, Dr. Ross Anderson and Dr. Ian Kenny hosted the conference at UL in 2009. Five PhD students joined them this year: Roisin Howard, Niamh Whelan, Michelle Norris, Robin Healy and Richie Bolger. The conference attracted over 380 delegates who presented expert workshops, presentations and keynote lectures on sensor technology, coaching biomechanics, injury, muscle and tissue mechanics, sports medicine, sports performance and gait modelling to name just a few topics.

marathon (R2) were utilised. SR data were extracted utilising novel computational methods and descriptive statistics were utilised for analysis of R2, and comparison of the first half of the marathon (R2 ) to R1. Results indicate that the participant employed comparable SR strategy in R1 and R2 . For R2 a combined decreasing trend in SR and increased variance in SR from 30

Frontal view of accelerometer attachment.

km (R2 =0.0238) was observed. Results indicate that the participant had the ability to maintain SR strategy for the first half of the marathon, however as fatigue onset occurred this ability decreased. Running strategies on SR during fatigue may be of future use to recreational runners. Michelle, also presented a second poster titled ‘Comparison of accelerometry stride time calculations method’. For further information on this research contact

Whelan, N., Healy, R., Kenny, I.C. and Harrison, A.J. (2015) A comparison of foot strike events using the force plate and peak impact acceleration measures. Poitiers, France.

Michelle Norris’ research was awarded the ‘Force & Motion’ US$500 travel award for best scientific poster. A University of Sydney PhD student John Warmenhoven who collaborated with BRU and Drew Harrison for his ISBS 2015 work was also winner in the prestigious New Investigator category. The week concluded with the prestigious presentation of to Dr. Drew Harrison. It is an award reserved for members who have made outstanding contributions to the Society and is elected by the Executive Council. Drew served as ISBS Secretary General 2006-2007 and was elected ISBS President 2011-2013.

Norris, M., Kenny, I.C. and Anderson, R. (2015) Marathon stride rate dynamics: a case study. The purpose of this study was to investigate stride rate (SR) dynamics of a recreational runner participating in his debut marathon. Tibial accelerometry data obtained from accelerometer data (during a half marathon (R1) and |09 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine

It has been proposed that the foot contact events can be estimated using peak impact related accelerations of the leg using accelerometers. The aim of this study was to develop a method for identifying peak impact accelerations in the anterior-posterior axis using the Delsys Trigno System

Trigno wireless 4-channel sensor triaxial accelerometer and EMG and sensor placement on the tibia.

during running and compare this with initial contact via force plates. Seven national and international sprinters completed runs across a force platform with an accelerometer fixed to their shin. The results showed the acceleration of the anterior-posterior axis approximated foot-strike within ±0.017 s of the foot-strike event detected by the force plate. For further information contact


Kenny, I.C. and Sherwin, I. (2015) Shot performance using anchored long putting clubs. The study purpose was to measure putting outcome performance when different length putters were used with an anchoring mechanism. 72 skilled golfers each executed a total of 60 putts using standard, belly and long putters from two distances. Putting mechanics were assessed using SAM PuttLabâ&#x201E;˘. From 1.83 m (6 ft) participants holed 80.3% of putts with a standard length putter, dropping to 78.6% and 75.3% for belly and long-handled putters. At 3.66 m (12 ft) participants holed 51.7% of putts with a standard length putter, and 50.8% and 46.9% for belly and longhandled putters. Shot performance showed no significant differences between clubs. There were significant (p<0.05) between-club differences for swing time, putter head rotation and putter face impact spot. While anchoring may reduce putter head rotation it does not sufficiently limit rotation. For further information contact

Clarke, S., Kenny, I.C. and Harrison, A.J. (2015) Lower limb coordination during a land-cut task following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and rehabilitation. This study compared the lower limb coordination of the previously injured leg of ACL injured participants (ACLr, n=18), against their non-injured leg and a control (nACL, n=18) leg. The lower limb joint and segment couplings were calculated during maximal drop-jump land and unanticipated cutting task. Differences between the previously injured and nACL control leg were present in all but one of the lower limb joint and segment couplings. Differences between the previously injured and nACL control leg were present in the hip rotation - knee abduction adduction, and knee rotation knee abduction adduction couplings. The hip and thigh were the main areas where differences were reported. Altered proximal neuromuscular function may be the origin of these altered coordination patterns. For further information contact

Howard, R.M., Conway, R. and Harrison, A.J. (2015) An EMG profile of lower limb muscles during linear glide and standing shot putting.

Golf putting analysis set-up at Shannon Golf Club.

Healy, R., Kenny, I.C. and Harrison, A.J. (2015) Estimating step parameters using photoelectric cells. The purpose of this study was to assess the OptoJumpTM photocell system (Microgate, Bolzano, Italy) in measuring step length and ground contact time during running. In two separate investigations, eight individuals repeatedly ran through a three metre section of OptoJumpTM track. Ground contact times were compared to concurrent force platform measures whereas step lengths were compared to physically measured lengths from foot imprints left in powder. Estimates of step length showed excellent validity with only 0.4% difference between methods and an intraclass

The purpose of this study was to provide a descriptive analysis of the phasic muscle activity of 8 lower limb muscles during performance of the shot put field event in track and field athletics. Six shot putters performed 3 standing and 3 full linear glide technique throws. Electromyography (EMG) of 8 lower limb muscles was recorded during the trials and the distance thrown was also measured. A comparison between standing and glide techniques are important from a coaching perspective. An increase in peak muscle activity of the Rectus Femoris was observed between the glide and standing throw, all other lower limb muscles showed no significant increases between the techniques. Results show significant increases between performances of standing and glide throws in female athletes however the mean differences were smaller in the male athletes. For further information contact

correlation coefficient of 0.999. The OptoJumpTM systematically overestimated contact time with a mean bias of 2.7% compared to force platform measures. These results suggest that the OptoJumpTM can be effectively used to estimate step characteristics in real time. For further information contact

Equipment set-up to assess step length (left) and ground contact time (right). |10 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine

Dr. Ross Anderson Department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences & Assistant Dean Academic Affairs AD-AA The PESS department at the University of Limerick has a proud tradition of innovation in sport and exercise sciences education. Since the first cohort of students enrolled on Irelands first Sport and Exercise Sciences degree programme in 1993 the course has been continually revised and improved. It is likely that our first graduates of 18 years ago not only wouldn’t recognise the new PESS building and most of the new PESS staff but would not recognise the actual degree programme itself! It is widely accepted that third level education has changed over the past two decades. One of the internationally recognised challenges is managing the transition from second level education to the cultures and habits of third level; this can be a challenging time for our new students. In 2013 a small team of PESS academic staff (Ross Anderson, Brian Carson, Ian Kenny, Mark Lyons, and Tadhg MacIntyre) began discussing a new first year structure that would engage and excite our new recruits right from their first day as students of PESS and UL. Not only would this aid the transition to third level, it would ensure that the new first years, and our future graduates, would experience true sport and exercise science from the very start of their adventure into this exciting discipline. After much deliberation, discussion and numerous prototype programme structures a finalised structure was presented by the sub-team to the University for approval in late 2013. It gained unanimous support throughout the University and was rolled out to our new first year students for the 2014-2015 academic year. The final model consists of a very intensive multidisciplinary module delivered over the first six weeks of each semester; in semester one and in semester two. In addition, as themed modules they both are scaffolded around a current theme within the discipline. Currently these themes are team triathlon (one of the fastest growing sports in the world) and track and field sprinting (a truly worldwide sport). As truly themed modules all the theoretical content and applied skills are taught through the perspective of that specific sport. This exposes the first year students to the true interdisciplinary nature of sport by emphasising the importance of, and connection between, all the major disciplines. In addition, the new structure stimulated early adoption of the traits of a good scientist; the ability to question, analyse and assess – in fact the level of questions often surprised our academic staff! The sub-team has had time to reflect on the first roll out of this pioneering structure over the summer months. The level of engagement by the first year students was exceptional and the level of excitement during classes was |11 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine

clear to those delivering the modules. Our retention rate (i.e. those students who make it through to year two of the degree) has never been better and early indications this academic year seem to illustrate the increased engagement continues into year two.


Enhance, Engage, Educate A Pioneering Transition in Sport and Exercise Sciences

The engagement of the new cohort was unmistakable when they were requested to engage in multiple activities outside of the formal structure of the modules. As an example, the non-elite sportsperson often has a lack of context as to how excellent elite performers really are. Consider that the marathon world record holder would cover a lap of the University 400m track in around 70 s (and repeat this another 104 times!). Members of the class were challenged to complete one lap in this time (no easy task) and tweet their results; the level of collegiality and engagement of our new students less than six weeks into their third level education was astounding. We believe that this new structure leads the way for education in the truly multidisciplinary area of sport and exercise sciences and our future graduates will continue to thrive and compete on a truly international stage.

Launch of the UL Beo Initiative and the Pat Duffy Lecture UL Beo, is a new initiative by the University of Limerick to create a world leading environment for the practice and research of sport and physical activity. The UL Beo initiative will support community, high performance and research projects in the areas of physical activity, health, lifestyle and sport. The initiative will be launched with the inaugural Pat Duffy Lecture in Coaching and Leadership. This annual lecture has been initiated to acknowledge and celebrate the life’s work of Dr. Pat Duffy, a UL graduate and former head of the National Coaching and Training Centre. This year’s lecture will be delivered by; Baroness Sue Campbell CBE- Chair of Youth Sport Trust UK and former Chair of UK Sport & Dr. Keith Wood- Former Ireland and Lions Rugby Captain The launch and lecture will be held on 5th of October 2015 in room CSG01 (CSIS Building) from 6.30-8pm The lecture is open to the public just please register by September 30th at; To find out more about UL Beo or the Pat Duffy Lecture visit

Dr. Mark Campbell Reg Psychol Ps.S.I. Department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences Imagine a therapy that had no known side effects, was readily available, and could improve your psychological functioning and well-being at zero cost. Well imagine no more as playing golf could be such a therapy and here is why. A round of golf involves the following therapeutic ingredients- exercise, time in nature, the fostering of new and prolonging of existing relationships, recreation, relaxation and stress management. These ingredients have become known as TLCs or Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes and considerable evidence now points to their effectiveness in both clinical and normal populations. In fact, TLCs are sometimes as or more effective as either psychotherapy or medication!


laying a round of golf will take approximately four hours and circa 18,000 steps. Being physically active for 30 minutes and over offer serious psychological and physical benefits. For example, following an exercise session of 30 minutes or more we can see a reduction or amelioration in the risk of developing depression, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, or anxiety disorders. We also see significant reductions in age-related memory loss. Indeed we even see important gains around cognitive functions such as processing speed, planning, coordination and working memory.

Playing golf and being in natural settings has been shown to enhance cognitive, attentional, emotional, spiritual and subjective well-being. The added bonus of this is the social element of playing golf.


The Benefit of Golf to Mental Health and Well-Being


eveloping and maintaining relationships enhances happiness, quality of life, resilience and even wisdom! Mental health care professionals often target enhancing the number and quality of individuals’ relationships and golf is the ideal sport to foster and develop such quality relationships. Finally, golf is a challenging sport requiring extensive decision-making, planning and executing precise skilled movements. Playing such a wonderful sport entails learning to develop effective self-management skills which can foster greater emotional stability and psychological maturity, both of which are key ingredients of well-being both on and off the golf course.

Based on the above information I hope you have a new sense of the layers of benefits that can be gained from playing golf. For me it certainly seems to bring new meaning to the term- happy golfing! For more on this and a summary of the evidence please see the following link & excellent summary of TLC research by Prof Roger Walsh

Exercise even increases brain volume and blood flow, selfesteem, enhances sleep and mood and reduces negative thoughts and rumination. Essentially our brains are better regulated and function at a higher level post exercise. Everyone seems to benefit, both, young and old, clinical and non-clinical and women look to gain more than men. Mark is the current Sport Psychologist to the Leinster men’s team and lecturer in Psychology at the University of Limerick. Contact

Statistical Workshop for Harmonisation of Existing EU Datasets Dr. Ciarán MacDonncha, Department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences The statistical workshop was held (July 1��-3��, 2015) at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (VUA) to facilitate data harmonisation objectives within the DEDIPAC Knowledge Hub. The workshop was jointly organised by UL, VUA and the University of Oslo. Workshop objectives were as follows: ● To provide an overview of the potential and challenges of harmonising data. ● To provide an overview and hands-on work with relevant advanced statistical techniques. ● To provide time for work-packages (WPs) to discuss specific methodological issues. Harmonisation (Data Alignment) is a process which involves using definitional and statistical procedures to enhance the comparability of different studies and/or datasets. The use of harmonised datasets brings many benefits which include, greater sample size, increased generalisability, standards for

data inclusion, valid comparative research and forms the basis for multi-centre collaborative research. Harmonisation can occur at any stage (input, output) of a study lifecycle. Attendees were from all four WPs (Diet; Physical Activity; Sedentary Behaviour; Social Inequalities) in thematic area 2 of DEDIPAC (TA2 – Determinants of dietary behaviour, physical activity and sedentary behaviour across the life course and in vulnerable groups). Keynotes examined the utility of the following for harmonistaion/secondary data analysis: Bayesian analysis, meta-analysis, mediation/moderation analysis, longitudinal and multilevel analysis. Various approaches to harmonisation and tailored software platforms were considered. A further focus on the research questions which may be answered by harmonising existing EU data was achieved. 12 research questions have been proposed within the physical activity and sedentary behaviour WPs – a busy time ahead for all involved! |12 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine

NEW FACULTY APPOINTMENTS IN PESS Report by Ian Sherwin 10th Anniversary Physical Education, Physical Activity and Youth Sport (PEPAYS) Ireland Forum 2015 at University of Limerick, 9th June 2015. The Physical Education, Physical Activity and Youth Sport (PEPAYS) Ireland Research Centre was established in 2005 and over the last ten years PEPAYS Ireland has helped to build research expertise in physical activity and youth sport across the island of Ireland. The 2015 PEPAYS Ireland Research Forum was jointly hosted by the University of Limerick (UL) and Mary Immaculate College (MIC) and took place in the Physical Education and Sport Sciences (PESS) building on the UL campus. There were three keynote speakers, twenty oral presentations, eight posters and three roundtable discussions. All presenters had been asked to consider the policy and practice applications of their work, an emphasis that PEPAYS Ireland is looking to promote over the next number of years. The PEPAYS Ireland Co-Directors Dr Elaine Murtagh (MIC) and Dr Ann MacPhail (UL) opened the Forum by welcoming almost 100 delegates from Ireland, the UK and Norway. The new PEPAYS Ireland logo was officially unveiled along with the new website ( Professor Stewart Trost (Queensland University of Technology, Australia) was the first Keynote speaker, titling his presentation ‘ responses to Professor Trost’s presentation were delivered from Marie Clonan (Margaret Aylward Community College, Dublin) and Dr. Jaimie McMullen (UL). There were two parallel sessions on ‘Curriculum Changes’ and ‘Promoting Physical Activity in Schools and the Community’ with presentations from eight different Institutes of Technology and universities. Delegates enjoyed the opportunity to network over lunch followed by a 30-minute ‘Walk…Talk…Engage’ session on which delegates were asked to discuss topics and issues they had been exposed to through the morning’s programme and post their thoughts on the ‘web of activity’ afterwards. The afternoon session commenced with the second keynote on ‘ delivered by David Passmore (Dublin City University) with Ian Sherwin (UL) acting as the respondent. Two more parallel sessions on ‘Leading by Example: New Approaches’ and ‘Examining our Understanding of Physical Activity Engagement’ preceded the poster presentations and the final keynote address, ‘ delivered by Ronan Toomey from the Department of Health. At the closing of the forum it was announced that the Institute of Technology Tralee will host the next PEPAYS Ireland Forum in June 2016. If you’d like to receive the PEPAYS Ireland electronic newsletters (3 per annum) please contact to register your interest. |13 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine

PESS is delighted to announce two new members of faculty who not only have a proven track record in teaching and research but are especially successful in working with high performance athletes in Ireland in their fields. Dr. Giles Warrington joins the PESS department from DCU where he was Senior Lecturer and Deputy Head of the School of Health and Human Performance. He is Head Sports Physiologist and Sports Science Advisor to the Olympic Council of Ireland and was a member of the medical team at the Beijing and Athens Olympic Games and will continue in that role for the Rio 2016 Olympics. Before his time at DCU Giles had a long association with the University of Limerick having spent 12 years working with the National Coaching and Training Centre (now Coaching Ireland) as the head of Player/Athlete Services. Giles was also previously employed by the British Olympic Association where he worked as an Exercise Physiologist at the British Olympic Medical Centre. Giles was educated at St. Mary’s University College where he has a BSc in Sports Science, a Ph D. in Sport and Exercise Physiology from the University of Surrey and is a Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine. He has worked with most of Irelands top athletes over the past twenty years and is a member of Student Sport Ireland’s High Performance committee. Dr. Tom Comyns is a graduate of the UL Physical Education programme and received his Ph.D. from UL in 2006. He is one of the leading practitioners in strength and conditioning in Ireland and joins the PESS department as a Lecturer in Human Movement Science. Tom is a former athlete and competed at the 2000 Olympic games in Sydney in the 4x100m and in several other major European and World Championships as well as winning a number of national senior titles. Recently a portion of the river bank walk in UL was dedicated to his athletic achievements as part of a project recognising Limerick’s nine Olympic track and Field athletes. On his retirement from athletics Tom enjoyed a successful career as strength and conditioning coach with the IRFU and Munster, working with Munster during the province’s very successful period. He then joined the Irish Institute of Sport as their lead strength and conditioning coach and lectured on the Sports Science and Health programme at DCU for several years. Tom led the development of the strength and conditioning programme within the institute and has worked very successfully with a large number of Olympic and Paralympic athletes.

Áine Ní Chonaill, Managing Director of Business, Operations & Finance, NCEF


NCEF – National and European Academic & Industry Pathways The NCEF is the only fitness instructor qualification in Ireland which is awarded by an Irish University (a statutory award). It is mapped through academic pathways to the European Qualifications framework and to European Industry standards through the European Health Fitness Association body (EHFA) fitness industry standard, who have rebranded to Europe Active.

European Industry Standards NCEF has completed the mapping of the Certificate in Exercise and Fitness (CEHF) and Higher Certificate in Exercise and Fitness (HCEHF) Level 6 EQF to European industry standards Exercise for Health Specialist EQF Level 5.

It is the aim of the NCEF to provide the highest possible standard of education and training deeply rooted in industry and practical application, whilst meeting the vigorous requirements of academic standards of the University of Limerick world renowned for its Physical Education and Sports Science (PESS) programmes.

EHFA standards commenced mapping the Fitness Industry minimum standard with individual training providers throughout Europe. This has aligned industry standards to academic Qualification structures and has agreed what the jobs and skills required are for today and for the future. Qualification for fitness occupations as implemented by the EHFA standards look at the specific job requirements.

Since its inception 25 years ago the NCEF strives for excellence in all areas, from recruitment and selection of students, to preparation, and provision of course materials and to delivery and examination of students. The quality and standard of each and every graduate is assured through rigorous quality assurance in the administration, delivery and assessment of all courses. NCEF students can pursue courses in many locations throughout Ireland and can also take e-learning modules whilst travelling or living abroad. The NCEF pathway from Level 6 Certificate to Level 8 Honours Degree can be taken consecutively over 4 years. Alternatively, students can opt for an exit option which allows flexibility to step out of formal education and work, travel, gain more experience, deal with life and then step back into education again and continue on the pathway from where they left. All areas of specialist modules can be taken as a registered Certificate/Diploma/Degree student or also on a module ‘link in ‘basis. There are many and varied options available.




Certificate in Exercise & Health Fitness (CEHF)

Higher certificate in Exercise & Health Fitness (HCEHF)

Diploma in Exercise & Health Fitness (DEHF)

Bachelor of Science in Exercise & Health Fitness (B.Sc.)

ECTS Credits: 60

ECTS Credits: 60

ECTS Credits: 60

ECTS Credits: 60

Total ECTS: 120

Total ECTS: 180

Total ECTS: 240

Level 6 (NFQ) Major Level 5 (EQF)

Level 7 (NFQ) Level 6 (EQF)

Level 8 (NFQ) Level 6 (EQF)


Level 6 (NFQ) Minor Level 5 (EQF)

NCEF courses which are awarded by the University of Limerick are placed from Level 6 to Level 8 on the National Qualifications framework and Level 5- 7 on the European Qualifications framework. The European Qualification Frame work (EQF) is a translation tool that helps communication and comparison between academic qualifications systems in Europe.

The first level to be mapped in 2005 by EHFA was ‘Level 3 EQF, followed by Level 4 EQF and then in 2012 EQF Level 5. Exercise for Health Specialist. The NCEF through Central YMCA Qualifications (CYQ) completed the industry mapping process facilitated by REPS Ireland who are operating a register of fitness professionals, and in tandem developing and maintaining a list of approved industry providers of education and training in the fitness industry in Ireland. Initially the mapping process began in spring 2014 culminating in a notification of successful completion in August 2014, thus resulting in the NCEF becoming the first and only organisation in Ireland offering training and qualification for graduates. This met both the academic QQI /National Framework of Qualifications at Level 6 and the European industry standards Exercise for Health Specialist EQF Level 5. The CYQ representative demonstrated an excellent understanding of industry requirements and the mapping process balanced with an understanding of the NCEF and intricacies of such a complex organisation. Queries were focused and direct relating to EHFA Standards Learning outcomes. It was without doubt a challenge as the NCEF is a complex and all-encompassing training organisation, providing training to meet the industry needs while also meeting academic requirements.

|14 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine


PESS Internship and Co-operative Education Placements in the PESS Department Each year the Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences advertises internship and cooperative education placements. In 2015, Jessie Barr and Clare Murphy were recipients of these placements in PESS and were both supervised by Dr. Tadhg MacIntyre. In this feature Jessie and Clare describe the projects and activities they were involved in and the benefits of the placement to their own academic development.

Clare Murphy Co-op PESS Co-op Activities Undertaken: As part of my work programme I worked on a resilience programme, called HORP (Hope, Optimism, Resilience Programme) with the Munster Rugby Academy, which included devising, planning and implementing workshops as part of an EHS Faculty funded study. For HORP I had to create original material including graphics, written content (evidence based) and various other tools and handouts for the workshops. In another role I helped organise workshops and seminars as part of a British Psychological Society funded project. I have since joined the research group as a member of the Meta-cognition research group with members from the University of Limerick, University of DAY 1 - familiarising yourself Wolverhampton, Queens University Belfast and other institutions. As part of the research group I planned, organised and attended conferences and seminars. At the RIO Group meeting in the University of Stirling, I presented a conceptual paper proposal on a study entitled ‘Understanding Imagery use, Imagery abilities and Meta-Imagery Abilities among athletes and support staff’. In addition I successfully applied for and was awarded grant funding from an independent board of COGG (An Comhairle um Oideachas Gaeltachta agus Gaelscolaíochta) to study the effect that meta cognition can have on the ability to learn a language. The purpose of this study is to promote the Irish language learning and usage in secondary schools. |15 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine

What is a PESS Internship The PESS internship is an opportunity for individuals to spend up to eight weeks in PESS gaining experience in one of four research areas: (1) Food for Health, (2) Physical Activity and Health (3) Sport and Human Performance (4) Sport Pedagogy The internship allows individuals an opportunity to work with PESS faculty, explore further their interest and disposition to postgraduate study and / or to consider working in a university setting. The internship allows individuals to gain experience in working on a project that entails collecting and processing preliminary data. It may be that a PESS faculty member already has data that requires further analysis and, in such circumstances, the internship would contribute to an already established project.

JESSIE BARR PESS Internship Why did you apply for the internship? I recently graduated from an MSc in Sport and Exercise Psychology from the University of the West of England in Bristol. During my two years of study I developed an interest in athlete mental health, and I decided to write my dissertation on the topic of depression among elite male athletes. Afterwards I decided to pursue a structured PhD in U.L. to examine mental health in sport, under Dr. Tadhg MacIntyre’s supervision. Dr. MacIntyre suggested I apply for a PESS internship as it would open doors to some excellent opportunities and experience and provide access to the excellent facilities at PESS.

What is the focus of your PhD project? My PhD will focus on the stigma of mental health in elite sport. The perceived stigma attached to mental health issues has been found to act as a major barrier to helpseeking as people seek to avoid being negatively labelled. This is particularly prevalent among athletes, where the perception is that mental health problems equate to weakness, and this may not match the ideal image of the physically and mentally tough athlete. Current measures of mental issues, depression, for example, are predominantly selfreport measures, which are notoriously flawed in that participants can easily report untrue answers. This act of reporting false information in order to appear more favourably is known as the “social desirability bias”. In order to counteract this bias, we proposed to monitor the existence of depressive symptoms among athletes using novel implicit measures, i.e. mental and motor rotation tasks, which cannot be consciously influenced by the participant, and so will not be influenced by social desirability bias or by stigmatised beliefs. Internship Activities Undertaken: We are at the early stages of pilottesting potential tests and tasks for testing with an athletic population. This research will be the first of its kind to use a non-clinical, athletic sample. Working alongside Dr. MacIntyre during the internship has opened doors to exciting opportunities. In July we presented our research proposal at the Mental Health in Sport – Game Changing Mental Health Conference hosted by the Maudsley learning group, in London. This was a great opportunity to network with key stakeholders who had a shared interest in athlete mental health, listen to other experts, make connections for future and to practice my presentation skills which were recently put into action at the 9th Neuroscience Ireland Conference in DCU in September.

Congratulations to PESS lecturers and graduates from the Masters in Sports Performance postgraduate programme in helping shape a high quality programme. The MSc programme was shortlisted for the ‘national best new course’ at the Postgraduate Course Awards held in Mansion House, Dublin in May 2015. The MSc. Programme, established since Spring 2010, was pipped to the post by the overall winner at the awards night (MA Festive Arts, UL) but commended for the design, accreditation and industry collaboration involved. Dr. Ian Kenny, steps down as Course Director for the postgraduate programme and is replaced by Dr. Mark Lyons.

Drs Ann MacPhail and Missy Parker Awarded Lifetime Achievement Awards At the AIESEP (International Association for Physical Education in Higher Education) Conference in Madrid in July 2015, Dr Ann MacPhail and Dr Missy Parker from the Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences were awarded the AIESEP Fellowship for outstanding academic recognition. The AIESEP Fellowship recognises scholarly excellence in research and professional practice in physical education, physical activity and sport pedagogy across the lifespan. The Fellowship acknowledges Ann's and Missy's international recognition of academic and professional practice. Ann is Head of the Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences and Missy is Course Director for the Professional Masters in Education (Physical Education). Both are active members of the Physical Education, Physical Activity and Youth Sport (PEPAYS) Ireland Research Centre, with Ann in her role as Co-Director and Missy as the Teaching and Learning cluster chair.


MSc Sports Performance Finalist National Best New Postgraduate Programme 2015

Rachel Clancy Irish Research Scholar Congratulations to PESS PhD student Rachel Clancy who has been awarded an Irish Research Council (IRC) PhD Scholarship for her project titled ‘The motivation of elite athletes: a longitudinal analysis of relevant psychological and physical characteristics’. Rachel is working with primary supervisor Mark Campbell and co-supervisors Matthew Herring and Tadhg MacIntyre.

L to R - Professor Hans-Peter Brandl-Bredenbeck, Board Member, AIESEP, Professor Mirja Hirvensalo, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland, Dr Ann MacPhail, University of Limerick, Dr Missy Parker, University of Limerick, Professor Marc Cloes, President, AIESEP

Dr. Drew Harrison Awarded Life Membership of the International Society of Biomechanics Dr. Drew Harrison, Senior Lecturer in the Physical Education and Sports Sciences Department was awarded honorary life membership of the International Society of Biomechanics (ISBS) at their annual conference in Poitiers, France, in July 2015. Dr. Harrsion received the honour for his lifelong contribution to ISBS and to the field of Sports Biomechanics. This is the second major recognition from ISBS that Dr Harrison has received. He previously had been honoured with the Geoffrey Dyson award which traditionally recognises sport scientists who, throughout their professional careers, bridge the gap between biomechanics research and practice in sport. Along with his contribution to research and teaching in Biomechanics it is his application of this knowledge in the field of athletics that has set Dr. Harrison apart. Along with his wife Hayley, he has coached athletes in UL for the past 20 years and in that time, four of their athletes have competed at the Olympic games, won two world championship medals, broken dozens of Irish records and won over 100 national titles.


Dr. Harrison helped lead the formation of the Biomechanics Research Unit (BRU), has authored or co-authored over 100 peer reviewed articles and 5 book chapters and is a former president of ISBS. |16 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine

Denise McGrath (SES, 2000) and Susan Crawford (SES, 2001) were recognised as 2015 Fulbright Scholars in June 2015 at the Irish Fulbright Alumni Association event, held at Dublin Castle. Denise (pictured right) currently lectures at UCD in the School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science. She graduated from PESS in 2000 with a BSc in SES and went on to complete an MSc in Biomedical Engineering at UL. For her Fulbright scholarship Denise is going to Harvard University to explore wearable technology solutions to help people with Parkinson's disease. Susan Crawford (pictured left) graduated with a BSc in Sport & Exercise Sciences in 2001. She obtained her PhD from UL in 2007. Since then Susan has been working as a lecturer at UCC in the School of Education on the Sport Studies and Physical Education programme. For her Fulbright scholarship Susan is going to the University of San Francisco to explore the development of computerised technology to facilitate people with Autism to develop fundamental motor skills.

Thomas Barr Gold Medalist World University Games 2015

Student Achievements

Graduate Achievements

Sport and Exercise Sciences Graduates Receive Fulbright Scholarships

Thomas Barr, age 23 earned a gold medal at the World University games (WUG) in South Korea in July with a time of 48.78 sec in the 400m hurdle final. He has qualified for Olympics in Rio 2016, and recently stated that his goal for Rio is to run under 48.5 sec. Thomas studied mechanical engineering at UL, and is now a student the Sports Performance Masters in the Physical Education and Sport Sciences department. He has been coached by Hayley and Drew Harrison (Senior Lecturer, PESS) since he arrived on campus in 2010. At that time is 400mH PB was 56.47 sec ! His more recent performances at major championships reads like this: ● 2013- 400mH finalist at European U23 Championships in Ostrava. ● 2014- 400mH semi-finalist & 4x400m relay finalist at European Championships in Zurich. ● 2015- 4x400m relay semi-finalist at the World Relay Championships in Nassau. ● 2015- Gold Medalist WUG in Gwangju.

Dr. Peter Francis

Dr. Peter Francis, PhD graduate from PESS (2014) and Senior Lecturer at Leeds Beckett University was appointed as Team Manager for Athletics Ireland at the 2015 European Athletics Junior Championships in Sweden. Dr Peter Francis (pictured right) has been a senior lecturer in sport and health science at Leeds Beckett University since September 2014, having previously worked in the same area at the University of St. Mark and St. John, Plymouth. Peter works across programmes in the area of sport and exercise therapy and physiotherapy. Awarded the Roadbridge Medical Research Scholarship at the University of Limerick in 2010, Peter conducted research which investigated age-related change in muscle quality (mass, strength, function). Subsequently, as part of a research team, Peter investigated the role of exercise and nutrient support in improving muscle quality. This work was submitted for the award of PhD in June 2014.

|17 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine

Student Achievements

Graduate Achievements

Athletics Ireland Team Manager European Athletics Junior Championships The 5th Annual President's Volunteer Award (PVA) ceremony took place on September 25th at the University of Limerick Concert Hall. The PVA has been established to harness, acknowledge and support the contribution that students at the University of Limerick make to their communities. The PVA draws on a strong tradition of student volunteering both on and off campus. The total recorded voluntary hours contributed to community projects and initiatives during AY14/15 is over 12,000. The highest number of PVA applications (38%) came from Education & Health Science students. Saoirse Flannagan (4th year SES and pictured right) received a bronze award for her volunteer work with Hope in Motion and University of Limerick Students’ Union. There are many more PESS students involved in volunteering in sporting and nonsporting capacities, but students maybe unaware that they can apply for this award. PESS would like to encourage all PESS students who are involved in volunteering to visit .



In June 2015, UL had the pleasure of competing against

James Ledingham, also a Sport and Exercise Sciences

the Harvard-Yale Squad for the 5th time. Every four years a team from Harvard and Yale travel to Ireland to compete against the University of Limerick. The history behind this meet starts with Professor Michael H. B. Hayes. Upon taking an appointment in the University of Birmingham in 1960, he began to organise a meeting of the Ivy League colleges against the past and present athletes at Birmingham. In 1998, Michael commenced work at the University of Limerick and in 1999 the Harvard-Yale team travelled to Ireland for the first time.

graduate student came 3rd in the 800m in a time of 1.54.96s. James is currently enrolled in UL doing a Masters. David McCarthy (Physical Education graduate)

At this meet, a selection of PESS students, past and present, competed at this meet. Róisín Howard, UL athletics captain, and part of the organising committee

was 3rd in the 400m (pictured top left in photo above) and 2nd in the 400m Hurdles. Laura Kavanagh and Eoin Synnott both current PE and Sport and Exercise Sciences students competed in the triple jump and 100m respectively. Unfortunately we were missing two PESS PhD students, Niamh Whelan and Jessie Barr due to injury. Thomas Barr, (Sports Performance Masters Student), could also not compete due to the clash with the European Team Championships.

came 3rd in the high jump. Alana Frattaroli, recent Sport and Exercise Sciences graduate was also involved in the

There were great performances in all the events, especially in the some of the throws: 60m in the men’s organising and achieved 2nd position and a new personal hammer, 40m in the women’s javelin, 15m in the men’s shot and 12m in the women’s shot. The sprints also saw best of 12.45m in the shot putt. Niall Touhy (centre of picture above) Sport and Exercise Sciences graduate 2013 some great performances in the 100m and 200m. The meet finished with a closing banquet at the Sports Bar, and current student on the Gradate Entry Medical School in UL won the 400m in a time of 47.86s. with entertainment again by DJ Ber. Prior to this there were some wonderful and inspiring speeches by the head coach of Yale, the respective team captains and Professor Michael Hayes himself. Vice President Paul McCutcheon and UL Sport director David Mahedy also spoke and |01 | thanked Michael for his longstanding contributions to UL athletics.

Alana Frattaroli (BSc Sport and Exercise Sciences, 2015).

It is hoped that this athletics meet continues for many years to come. We have such talented athletes in UL and such an event really showcases what the University has to offer. However an investment in the track is urgently required to restore it to its previous ‘world class’ facility. Not all lanes could be used in the meet due to problems with the track surface. However, overall it was a very successful meet with all the athletes and coaches enjoying the week and making new long lasting contacts and friendships. |18 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine


Physical Education Faculty at the International Association for Physical Education in Higher Education Conference 2015 PESS was well represented by the Physical Education faculty at the 2015 AIESEP International Conference in Madrid early in July. Drs. Ann MacPhail, Mary O’Sullivan, Melissa Parker, with former faculty members Dr. Michelle Dillon and Dr. Deborah Tannehill accompanied by postgraduate students Cassandra Iannucci and Suzanne Kennedy delivered thirteen presentations over the three day conference.

AIESEP (International Association for Physical Education in Higher Education) is a professional association promoting high quality research in physical education, physical activity and sport pedagogy. Researchers are interested in informing high quality evidence-based participation and learning in sport, exercise and other forms of physical activity throughout the lifespan for diverse individuals and communities. Prof. Mary O’Sullivan serves as Secretary General of the Association.

Cassandra Iannucci at her presentation at the AIESEP Conference 2015.


2015 BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition Participants Visit PESS On May 15th 2015 PESS hosted an event for schools that presented sport science related projects at the 2015 BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition, held at the RDS Dublin. Students from nine schools around Ireland attended the event in PESS, and all students were category award recipients. The secondary school students presented their projects to PESS faculty and staff and other students and teachers attending the event.

Projects were diverse with emphasis ranging from whether PE should be examinable in schools (Lisa Daly, Heywood Community School, Ballinakill, County Laois) to the ‘ultimate kicking tee’ (Daniel Enright, Briain O’Riordan and Ben Ryan, (Gaelcholaiste Luimnigh Limerick) to the media publicised ‘An Tionchar, the impact hurling boot’ (Shiofra Ryan, St. Brendan’s Community Schoo, Birr). The presentations demonstrated the students’ passion for their research as they showcased their scientific strengths, knowledge and inventiveness. The students took inspiration from problems or issues that were intriguing to them and with guidance from teachers and external experts answered research questions with rigour. Some students were in the process of securing agreements with external organisations to take their product/idea to the next developmental level. Other students who had developed physical prototypes for their projects had plans to continue to work on the design of the product. Students attended workshops on exercise physiology, exercise psychology or sport biomechanics which were expertly organised by PESS postgraduate student Robin Healy and PESS Teaching Assistants Caoimhe Tiernan and David Kelly. Guest speakers also presented to the secondary students on the role sport and exercise science plays in their professions today. Guest speakers: Dr. Ian Kenny (PESS), Alan Swanton (Irish Institute of Sport), Dr. Mark Campbell (PESS), Dr. Lynne Algar (Triathlon Ireland) and Joe McGinley (Munster Rugby). |19 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine





5 1. Lisa Daly (Heywood Community School) 2. Shiofra Ryan (St. Brendan’s Community School 3. David Diggin (PESS Teaching Assistant) demonstrating in the Exercise Physiology Workshop 4. Guest Speakers (L-R): Alan Swanton, Dr. Lynne Algar, Dr. Ian Kenny, Joe McGinley, Dr. Mark Campbell 5. Rian Cathcart (Ardgillan Community School) 6. Daniel Enright, Briain O’Riordan, Ben Ryan (Gaelcholaiste Luimnigh)




This short course will help you gain an understanding of team sports performance through various technical aspects of coaching and application of video notational analysis. It will examine: ● game tactics ● offensive and defensive game-play ● practical video data capture ● video analysis coding development ● mobile and app solutions ● coach and player feedback systems Awards On the satisfactory completion of the course you will be awarded: NFQ Level 8 (6ECTS) in Video & Performance Analysis. ISPAS Professional Accreditation The course leads to International Society of Performance Analysis of Sport (ISPAS) accreditation through submission of a completed case-study. PROGRAMME OF STUDY / DELIVERY Offered both in the Autumn and the Spring over three Saturdays from 10am to 6pm, spaced three weeks apart. Early September until November, or early February until April at the Physical Education and Sport Sciences Building (PESS), at the University of Limerick. The course is a blend of tutorials, laboratory practicals and field work. The course can accommodate twenty (20) students per semester. A minimum of ten (10) registrations are required to run this course. Confirmation of the course running, for any particular semester, will be made three weeks prior to start date. FEES €495 which includes ISPAS membership accreditation fee. Your fee includes a temporary video notational analysis software license as part of the course.


The role of performance analysis; factors influencing performance; feedback in sport Performance indicators; player profiling Notational analysis; key performance indicators; manual systems Camera skills; video formats and requirements Digital solutions, software analysis, Apps and mobile systems; software training and tagging; coding panels Feedback systems; creating dashboards; presenting video; reporting and data management ENTRY REQUIREMENTS A pass in five subjects in the Irish Leaving Certificate or an equivalent examination. For those not possessing a pass in five subjects, relevant experience and/or evidence of other part-time courses may also be considered as part of Recognised Prior Learning (RPL). FOR MORE INFORMATION, please contact: Physical Education & Sport Sciences University of Limerick Web: httpp:// Email: Tel: +353 61 202896 HOW TO APPLY The link-in application form is available to print on Please complete the form and return with fee to Continuing & Professional Education ER1-030, Engineering Research Building, University of Limerick Limerick

The content of this brochure is for information purposes only. No guarantee is given that the programme, syllabus, fees or regulations may not be altered, cancelled or otherwise amended at any time.

|20 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine

Congratulations to PESS Staff and postgraduate students who have been appointed to the following positions:

David Diggin Assistant Professor in Strength and Conditioning Ithaca College Dr. David Kelly Junior Lecturer in Sport Science Athlone Institute of Technology Dr. Michelle Dillon Senior Lecturer in Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy Leeds Beckett University

ERASMUS & International Exchange Agreements

The PESS Department is one of the most sought after departments at UL for incoming ERASMUS, Study Abroad and International Exchange students! During the Autumn 2015 semester, PESS has welcomed 55 incoming ERASMUS, Study Abroad and International Exchange student module registrations. Students studying in PESS this semester come from Holland, England, the United States, Brazil, and Canada - to name a few. This semester also sees six year three Physical Education students on exchange to California State University Long Beach and Slippery Rock University in Pennsylvania.

PESS & PESS Affiliated Programmes

B.Sc. Physical Education


PESS Staff/Postgraduate Appointments

B.Sc. Sport & Exercise Sciences Professional Diploma in Education (Physical Education) Graduate Diploma/M.Sc in Teaching Physical Education, Sport and Physical Activity Graduate Diploma and MA Dance M.Sc Sports Performance (Taught) M.Sc Sport, Exercise and Performance Psychology (Taught) Structured PhD Certificate in Exercise & Health Fitness (CEHF) Diploma in Exercise & Health Fitness (DEHF) Bachelor of Science in Exercise & Health Fitness (B.Sc.)

PESS SUMMER GRADUATIONS 2015 1. Dr Jaimie McMullen (PESS), Cรกit Devane, ร‰abha Howard and Claire Hughes, BSc. Physical Education 2. Julia White, BSc. Physical Education. 3. Niall Collins, MSc. Sports Performance and Sunnhild Bertz. 4. Maeve Conneely and Jennifer Curtin, BSc. Sport and Exercise Sciences.



5. Cillian McDowell, Padraig Walsh and Darren Nolan, BSc. Sport and Exercise Sciences. 6. Scott Kinevane, BSc Physical Education. 7. Dr. Lynne Algar, PESS Department. 8. Chris Delooze, M.Sc Sports Performance. 9. Alanna Frattaroli, BSc. Sport and Exercise Sciences.




6 7

|21 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine





STAFF, STUDENT & GRADUATE ACHIEVEMENTS Congratulations to all PESS students who graduated in August 2015. Well done the following students who received awards for the highest grade (QCA) within the various PESS programmes: ● Cillian McDowell: Highest grade (QCA) in Sport and Exercise Sciences and Silver Medal for first place in EHS. ● Jack Neylon: Highest grade (QCA) in Physical Education. ● Alan Griffin: Highest grade (QCA) in MSc. Sports Performance.


Congratulations to Dr. Lynne Algar who was selected as Triathlon Ireland coach of the month in August 2015. Lynne was nominated for her work with Limerick Triathlon Club, coaching both age group and high performance athletes. In addition, Lynne also works with Triathlon Ireland as the Limerick Performance Coach.

Congratulations to current PESS students who fared brilliantly in this year’s GAA championship season. Congratulations also to PESS faculty and staff who were involved as player management in the GAA championship season - Gary Ryan (Tipperary senior hurling strength and conditioning coach), Dr Mark Lyons (Limerick senior hurling selector & head strength & conditioning coach), D.J. Collins (Banaisteor UL senior ladies football and coach of Monaghan senior ladies football), Brian Carson (Limerick senior football selector and football coach). Well done to Mark O'Donovan (MSc Sports Performance 2014) half of the Irish lightweight pair who won the B final at the World Rowing Championships today. Mark and Shane O’Donovan are now placed 7th in the world and well poised for Olympic qualification.

Congratulations to MSc Sports Performance Students, Thomas Barr (Athletics), Dylan Mernagh (Men's Football) and Peter Higgins (Men's Football) and Chris Bryan, PESS PhD student (Swimming) who competed in the World University Games Gwangju, Korea in July. Well done to PESS faculty, research staff who presented research at the International Conference on Biochemistry of Exercise in Sao Paulo, Brazil in September. Pictured below (L-R) Dr. Brian Carson, Sylvia Murphy, Dr. Phil Jakeman, Dr. Will McCormack and Dr. Maeve Kiely.

Shane O’Drioscall and Mark O’Donovan

The PESS department promotes staff, student and graduate achievements. If you are aware of student and/or staff achievements (your own or others) please inform the department administrator or so that such achievements can be celebrated and promoted.

Congratulations Michelle Norris! 'Force & Motion' biomechanics research award winner for her recent PhD work at the 2015 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS) conference in France. Norris et al. (2015) ’Marathon stride rate dynamics: a case study’. Congratulations to Eanna Madden (4th year BSc SES Student) and Kieran Elliott (2nd year Business Student) who were team members of the 4X100m relay Relay members Eanna Madden, Jonathan quartet that set a new Browning, Kieran Elliott, Marcus Lawler, Keith U23 National Record of Pike. 39.89s in the European Under 23 Championships in Tallinn Estonia in July2015.

PESS PUBLICATIONS SINCE APRIL 2015 Book Chapter 1. MacIntyre, T. (2015). Sustainable performance with empathy (pp. 228239). In I. O'Boyle, D. Murray & P. Cummins (Eds.), Leadership in Sport. New York: Routledge. Journal Publications 2. Reilly, B., Akubat, I., Lyons, M., Collins, K. 2015. Match-play demands of elite youth Gaelic football using global positioning system tracking. J Strength Cond Res 29(4): 989–996. 3.

Beattie, K. & Flanagan, E.P. (2015). Establishing the reliability and meaningful change of the drop-jump reactive-strength index. J. Australian Strength and Conditioning. 23(5) 12-19.

Well done to Kris Beattie (PESS PhD student) who was awarded third place, in the category of Applied Case Studies, for his poster presentation on “Monitoring maximal and reactive strength in distance runners: A 40 week case study” at the UK Strength and


Beattie, K., Kenny, I.C., Lyons M. and Carson, B.P. (2014) The Effect of Strength Training on Performance in Endurance Athletes. Sports Medicine. 44(6), 845-865. DOI 10.1007/s40279-014-0157-y.


Bolger, R, Lyons, M, Harrison, AJ, and Kenny, IC. 2015. Sprinting Performance and Resistance-Based Training Interventions: A Systematic Review. J Strength Cond Res 29(4): 1146–1156.

Conditioning 2015 Conference (31st July -3rd August).


Carson, B.P & Egan, B. 2015. Motion to dismiss: Insufficient evidence to mount a case against protein synthesis as the dominant mechanism

|22 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine

PESS PUBLICATIONS SINCE APRIL 2015 causing disuse muscle atrophy in the elderly. J Physiol 592, s8. 7.



Carson BP, Egan B (2015). Motion to dismiss: Insufficient evidence to mount a case against protein synthesis as the dominant mechanism causing disuse muscle atrophy in the elderly. J Physiol 592, s8. (CrossTalk Comments on proposal and opposing view) Collins, P., Al-Nakeeb, Y., Lyons, M. (2015). Tracking the Commute Home From School Utilizing GPS and Heart Rate Monitoring: Establishing the Contribution to Free-Living Physical Activity. Journal of Physical Activity and Health 2015, 12, 155 – 162. Comyns, T., Kenny, I. and Scales, G. (2015). Effects of a low-load gluteal warm-up on explosive jump performance. Journal of Human Kinetics, 46, 129-137.

10. Davies, R.W., Toomey, C., McCormack, W., Hughes, K., Cremona, A. & Jakeman, P. (2015). Body composition analysis of inter-county Gaelic athletic association players measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. J Sports Sci. 2015 Sep 7:1-6. 11. El-Ashker, S., Carson, B.P., Ayala, F., De Ste Croix, M. (2015). Sex-related differences in joint-angle-specific functional hamstring-toquadriceps strength ratios. Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy DOI 10.1007/s00167-015-3684-7 (Impact Factor: 3.053, Q1 Sport Sciences). 12. Goodyear, V., Casey, A., & Parker, M. (2015). ‘Must share without fear of being judged’: SNSs capacity to form engaging and impactful learning communities. European Conference on Educational Research, Budapest, Hungary. 13. MacPhail, A. (2015). The story of representation (or not) in contributing to the development of a school subject curriculum, Irish Educational Studies. DOI: 10.1080/03323315.2015.1064320 14. McEvoy, E., MacPhail, A. & Heikinaro-Johansson, P. (2015). Physical education teacher educators: A 25-year scoping review of literature, Teaching and Teacher Education, 51: 162-181 DOI:10.1016/j.tate.2015.07.005. 15. McEvoy, E., Heikinaro-Johansson, P. & MacPhail. A. (2015). Physical education teacher educators’ views regarding the purpose(s) of school physical education, Sport, Education and Society, doi: 10.1080/13573322.2015.1075971. 16. Patay, M.E., Patton, ., Parker, M., Fahey, K. and Sinclair, c. (2015). Understanding Motivators and Barriers to Physical Activity. The Physical Educator. 72(3), 518-537.

23. Beattie, K., Carson, B.P., Lyons, M. and Kenny, I.C. (2015). Monitoring Maximal and Reactive Strength in Distance Runners: a 40 Week Case Study. Proceedings of the 11th UKSCA Annual Conference, 31st July-3rd August, Warwickshire, UK. 24. Beattie, K., Carson, B.P., Lyons, M. and Kenny, I.C. (2015) Pre-season strength training in distance runners: Physiological, strength & body composition adaptations. Proceedings of the 16th International Symposium: Combined Endurance and Strength Training for Physical Fitness and Sports Performance: From Science to Practice, September 23rd-25th, Jyväskylä, Finland. 25. Brick, N., MacIntyre, T., & Campbell, M. (2015). A Metacognitive Framework of Attentional Focus and Cognitive Control during Endurance Activity. Proceedings from the 1st Endurance Research Conference, 2-4 September 2015, University of Kent, England. 26. Brick, N., MacIntyre, T., & Campbell, M. (2015). Metacognition and Endurance Performance. Proceedings from the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity Annual Conference, 4-7 June 2015, Portland, Oregon, USA. (Invited symposium presentation). 27. Bryan, C. MacIntyre, T. & O’Shea, D. (2015). Resilience as a resource toward sustainable success. Proceedings of the 17th Congress of the European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology, 20th – 23rd May, Oslo, Norway. 28. Carson, B.P., Higgins, J.A., Tully, P.C., Boland, G., Seoige, C., Bellissimo, C.F., Betts, J.J. and Edwards, J.E. (2015). An acute bout of aerobic exercise has a positive effect on metabolic flexibility prolonged over 16 hours post exercise. Cell Symposia: Exercise Metabolism, Amsterdam, Netherlands, July 2015. 29. Casey, A., Goodyear, V., & Parker, M. (2015). I think this has been a problem with #PHYSED for a long time: Using social networking sites as a platform for professional discussion. International Association of Physical Education in Higher Education (AIESEP), 8th-11th July, Madrid, Spain. 30. Clarke, S., Kenny, I.C. and Harrison, A.J. (2015) Lower limb coordination during a land-cut task following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and rehabilitation. Proceedings of the 2015 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Conference, 29 June – 3 July 2015, Poitiers, France. 31. Czerniawski, G., MacPhail, A. & Guberman, A. (2015) Teacher educators’ professional learning and development needs. British Education Research Association Conference, Belfast, September 15-17.

17. Puetz TW, Youngstedt SD, Herring MP. Effects of pharmacotherapy on combat-related PTSD, Anxiety, and Depression: A systematic review and meta-regression analysis. PLoS ONE, 2015;10(5):e0126529.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0126529.

32. Dillon, C., Powell, C, Dowd, K.P., Carson, B.P. and Donnelly, A.E. (2015). ‘Criterion validity and calibration of the GENEActiv

18. MacIntyre, T., Barr, J. & Butler, C. (2015). The good, the bad and the ugly of elite sport: A reply to Martindale, A., Collins, D. & Richards, H. (2014). It’s good to talk… Is elite sport good for you? Sport and Exercise Psychology Review, 10 (3), 68–76. Sport & Exercise Psychology Review, Vol. 11 No. 2.

33. Early A, Thom N, Hunt B, Herring MP (2015). The Effects of Macronutrient Consumption on Flow-Mediated Dilation: A MetaRegression. Experimental Biology (EB 2015), Boston, MA.

19. Barr, J. & Murphy, C. (2015). The team and mate in META: Two student’s perspectives. Sport & Exercise Psychology Review, 11 (2), 9597. 20. Uszynski, M.K., Purtill, H., Donnelly, A., Coote, S. (2015). Comparing the effects of whole-body vibration to standard exercise in ambulatory people with Multiple Sclerosis: A randomised controlled feasibility study. Clinical Rehabilitation 1-12; DOI:10.1177/0269215515595522

Conference Publications 21. Al-Nakeeb, Y., Lyons, M. (2015) The impact of neuromuscular fatigue on the anticipation of skilled and unskilled performers. Proceedings of the 16th International Symposium: Combined Endurance and Strength Training for Physical Fitness and Sports Performance: From Science to Practice, September 23rd-25th, Jyväskylä, Finland. 22. Al-Nakeeb, Y., Lyons, M., Dodd, L. and Al-Nuaim, A. (2015) Lifestyle, health habits of young adults: a cluster analysis. Proceedings of the AIESEP Congress, 8-11th July, Madrid, Spain. |23 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine

accelerometer in adults’, 4th International Conference on Ambulatory Monitoring of Physical Activity and Movement, Limerick, Ireland.

34. Healy, R., Whelan, N., Kenny, I. and Harrison, A. (2015). The Assessment of Stride Frequency in Running using a Single Accelerometer. 4th International Conference on Ambulatory Monitoring of Physical Activity and Movement, Limerick, Ireland. 35. Healy, R., Kenny, I.C. and Harrison, A.J. (2015). Estimating step parameters using photoelectric cells. Proceedings of the 2015 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Conference, 29 June – 3 July 2015, Poitiers, France. 36. Herring MP, Gower BA, Shelton RC, Dishman RK, Bray MS (2015). Associations of Inflammation, Anxiety, and Exercise Response in the TIGER Study. Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Diego, CA. 37. Herring MP, Kline CE, O’Connor PJ (2015). Effects of Exercise Training on Self-Reported Sleep Among Young Women with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). European Congress of Psychiatry (EPA 2015), Vienna, Austria.

PESS PUBLICATIONS SINCE APRIL 2015 38. Hordvik, M., Ronglan, LT. & MacPhail, A. (2015). A physical education teacher educator’s self-study of teaching sport education to pre-service teachers. AIESEP 2015 International Conference, 8-11 June, Madrid, Spain.

54. Norris, M., Kenny, I.C. and Anderson, R. (2015). Marathon stride rate dynamics: a case study. Proceedings of the 2015 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Conference, 29 June – 3 July 2015, Poitiers, France.

39. Howard, R.M., Conway, R. and Harrison, A.J. (2015). The Use of Independent Component Analysis on EMG Data to Explore Cross-Talk. Proceedings of the 25th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, 12 – 16 July 2015, Glasgow, UK.

55. Norris, M., Kenny, I.C. and Anderson, R. (2015). Comparison of accelerometry stride time calculation methods. Proceedings of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Conference, 29 June – 3 July 2015, Poitiers, France.

40. Howard, R.M., Conway, R. and Harrison, A.J. (2015). An Exploration of Eliminating Cross-Talk in Surface Electromyography using Independent Component Analysis. Proceedings of the 26th Irish Signals and Systems Conference, 24 – 25 June 2015, Carlow, Ireland.

56. Norris, M., Kenny, I.C. and Anderson, R. (2015). Impact of competition on stride rate in distance running. Proceedings of the International Society of Biomechanics Conference, 12 - 16 July 2015, Glasgow, UK.

41. Howard, R.M., Conway, R. and Harrison, A.J. (2015). An EMG profile of lower limb muscles during linear glide and standing shot putting. Proceedings of the 2015 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Conference, 29 June – 3 July 2015, Poitiers, France. 42. Howard, R.M., Conway, R. and Harrison, A.J. (2015). The Estimation of Force During Vertical Jumps Using Accelerometers. Proceedings of the 2015 All Ireland Postgraduate Conference in Sport Sciences and Physical Education, 29 January 2015, Limerick, Ireland. 43. Iannucci, C. & MacPhail, A. (2015). The lives and careers of physical education teachers: Twelve years on from graduation. AIESEP 2015 International Conference, 8-11 June, Madrid, Spain. 44. Kennedy, S. & MacPhail, A. (2015). Shifting the value paradigm in physical activity and sport. AIESEP 2015 International Conference, 8-11 June, Madrid, Spain. 45. Kennedy, S., MacPhail, A. & Varley, P. (2015). Lifetime Adventurers: Motives, values and existential authenticity. PE-PAYS Forum, University of Limerick, 9 June. 46. Kenny, I.C. and Sherwin, I. (2015). Shot performance using anchored long putting clubs. Proceedings of the 2015 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Conference, 29 June – 3 July 2015, Poitiers, France. 47. Lyons, D. & MacPhail, A. (2015). Using life history approach to explore the within-career transitions experienced by high performance adolescent athletes. AIESEP 2015 International Conference, 8-11 June, Madrid, Spain. 48. MacPhail, A. & Hartley, T. (2015). Encountering Working Conditions in Schools: Insights from Beginning and Experienced Teachers. European Conference on Educational Research, Budapest, Hungary, 8-11 September. 49. McCaffrey, P., MacPhail, A. & McEvilly, N. (2015). ‘What do you think, Furry?’ Puppetry as a playful approach to eliciting children’s perspectives on their experiences of physical education and physically active play. PE-PAYS Ireland Forum, University of Limerick, 9 June. 50. McCormack WG, Cooke JP, O’Connor WT and Jakeman PM. (2015). Temporal dynamics and magnitude of change in interstitial amino acid profile of human skeletal muscle sampled by microdialysis in response to ingestion of whey protein in males aged 18-30Y. The International Biochemistry of Exercise Conference (IBEC) held in Sao Paulo September.


57. O’Sullivan, M., Parker, M., & Patton, K. (2015). Signature Pedagogies of Teacher Professional Learning. British Educational Research Association, Belfast, Northern Ireland. 58. Parker, M., MacPhail, A., McEvoy, E., Ní Chróinín, D., & O’Sullivan, M. (2015). ‘Drawing’ Connections: Primary School Children Making Sense of Links Between Physical Education and Physical Activity. International Association of Physical Education in Higher Education (AIESEP), 8th-11th July, Madrid, Spain. 59. Parker, M. (2015). Departmental self-study: How do ‘I’ fit in? International Association of Physical Education in Higher Education (AIESEP), 8th-11th July, Madrid, Spain. 60. Parker, M., & Tannehill, D. (2015). Physical education teacher education learning communities. International Association of Physical Education in Higher Education (AIESEP), 8th-11th July, Madrid, Spain. 61. Patton, K., Parker, M., & O’Sullivan, M. (2015). Signature pedagogies of physical education professional development. International Association of Physical Education in Higher Education (AIESEP), 8th-11th July, Madrid, Spain. 62. Powell, C., Donnelly, A., Lyons, M. and Anderson, R. (2015). An examination of the accuracy and reliability of three GPS devices. 4th International Conference on Ambulatory Monitoring of Physical Activity and Movement, Limerick, Ireland. 63. Powell, C., Carson, B., Dowd, K. and Donnelly, A. (2015). Validation of the activPAL3 Micro. 4th International Conference on Ambulatory Monitoring of Physical Activity and Movement, Limerick, Ireland. 64. Powell, C., Carson, B., Dowd, K. and Donnelly, A. (2015). Validity of Vector Magnitude Thresholds for the Identification of Moderate and Vigorous Physical Activity using the ActiGraph wGT3X-BT. 14th International Society for Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity, Edinburgh, Scotland. 65. Pratt, E., & Parker, M. (2015). Physical education teachers perceptions of the impact of support mechanisms within contemporary professional development on teaching practices. International Association of Physical Education in Higher Education (AIESEP), 8th-11th July, Madrid, Spain. 66. Ryan, A. & Parker, M. (2015). Physical Education Teachers as Agents of Change? Thanks, but no thanks! PE-PAYS Ireland, 9th June, Limerick.


51. McEvoy, E., MacPhail, A. & Heikinaro-Johansson, P. (2015). Physical education teacher educators: A scoping review of literature since 1990. AIESEP 2015 International Conference, 8-11 June, Madrid, Spain. 52. Murphy, S.M., Power-Grant, O., Kiely, M., Jakeman, P.M., Kiely, P.A., and Carson, B.P. (2015). An In Vitro Bioassay to Study the Bioactivities of Nutrient Compounds for Hypertrophy and/or Recovery of Skeletal Muscle. International Conference on Biochemistry of Exercise September 7-9th 2015, Sao Paulo, Brazil. 53. Norris, M., Dowd, K., Kenny, I., Donnelly, A.E. and Anderson, R. (2015). Comparison of Raw Accelerometry Output from Commercial Devices;

67. Tannehill, D., MacPhail, A. & Murphy, G. (2015). Teacher empowerment through community of practice: The urban schools group. AIESEP 2015 International Conference, 8-11 June, Madrid, Spain. 68. Whelan, N., Healy, R., Kenny, I.C. and Harrison, A.J. (2015). A comparison of foot strike events using the force plate and peak impact acceleration measures. Proceedings of the 2015 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Conference, 29 June – 3 July 2015, Poitiers, France. 69. Young, AM., & Parker, M. (2015). Educational Perspective towards Curriculum Change in Physical Education. PE-PAYS Ireland, 9th June, Limerick.

Importance of Body Position and Gait Velocity. 4th International Conference on Ambulatory Monitoring of Physical Activity and Movement, Limerick, Ireland. |24 | Autumn 2015| PESS e-Zine

Department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences Telephone: + 353 61 202896 FAX: + 353 61 202814 EMAIL:

Physical Education and Sport Sciences e-Zine. September 2015  

The Physical Education and Sport Sciences e-Zine features articles on current research in the department of Physical Education and Sport Sci...

Physical Education and Sport Sciences e-Zine. September 2015  

The Physical Education and Sport Sciences e-Zine features articles on current research in the department of Physical Education and Sport Sci...

Profile for pessul