HISTORIAN NIALL FERGUSON
Led Inaugural School of Public Policy Dean’s Distinguished Lecture
he School of Public Policy hosted Dr. Niall Ferguson, one of the world’s foremost historians, for the first Patricia Tagliaferri Dean’s Distinguished lecture. Ferguson is a Senior Fellow at both the Hoover Institution and the Center for European Studies. Ferguson discussed the importance of historical interpretation in his engagement titled “Why Leaders of the Future Need to Study the Past: The Case for Applied History.” He points out that many use history as a tool of justification and manipulate history to fit into a desired framework; however, Ferguson hoped through his lecture to show the importance of being able to apply the correct historical analogy to present circumstances—a key attribute in which Ferguson believes.
Ferguson continued on page 2
DAVENPORT INSTITUTE HOSTS CITIZENS’ INITIATIVE REVIEW
Demonstrating the Power of Deliberation in the California Initiative Process Students participate in three-day CIR demonstration
In March the Davenport Institute for Public Engagement and Civic Leadership at the School of Public Policy partnered with Healthy Democracy to convene a demonstration of the Citizens’ Initiative Review (CIR). The CIR process brings a representative
group of citizens together to learn about an important ballot measure and to draft a summary of key findings and arguments for and against the measure. Currently in Oregon, the CIR panel findings are published as part of the official ballot guide.
For the first time in California state history, the Citizens’ Initiative Review demonstration explored how this type of citizen participation could make the California initiative system more transparent, more understandable, Citizens’ Initiative continued on page 9
Ferguson from page 1
Ferguson used several case studies to support his thesis that applied history is necessary to properly understand current events. One of his main examples was the election of President Trump and the incorrect comparison of Trump’s election with pre-World War II Germany. Those making this comparison, Ferguson explains, are failing to understand the circumstances of the past, thus failing to make defensible comparisons for the present day. The European atmosphere in the early 1930s was fascist, which is wholly different from today’s political environment, which seems to be more populist in nature. Making distinctions such as this is important for being able to properly compare history to today. Ferguson believes that the subject of applied history is lacking in too many Americans, which will lead to historical ignorance within the American population. Americans, especially American leaders, need to be better equipped to understand the past, so as to harness those lessons and apply them to current events. He explained why Americans need to study more history by quoting one of his heroes, R. G. Collingwood: “We study history in order to see more clearly into the situation in which we are called upon to act.” 2 | School of Public Policy Dean’s Report
One of the great honors I experienced over these last few months was being asked to interview former secretary of defense and CIA director Robert Gates onstage for the University’s annual Pepperdine Associates dinner. Having never met him before, but having read his two recent books—Duty and A Passion for Leadership—I was expecting a rather austere figure, but found him to be not only very down to earth, but very funny and open. What comes through in his books, was not only Secretary Gates’ commitment to public service in his own life, but also his hopefulness in the future as the baton passes from one generation of public leaders to the next. Our conversation made me think more deeply about our mission here at the School of Public Policy. Seen through this lens, we’re really in the baton-passing business when it comes to public leadership. And what better time to contemplate this role than at the start of an anniversary year? This coming fall marks the 20th anniversary of the School of Public Policy—two decades that have seen the program send hundreds of public leaders around the world from Malibu. As we appreciate the school’s incredible history, we also look (and plan) with great anticipation towards the future. The theme for our 20th anniversary event is “A Way Forward” and we’re excited to announce United States senator Ben Sasse of Nebraska will be keynoting the dinner event set for Saturday evening, November 4, in the Air Force One Pavilion at the Reagan Library in Simi Valley. The following pages will cover a very busy spring semester and summer, along with our plans ahead—from a new curriculum, to the kickoff of our new Patricia Tagliaferri Dean’s Distinguished Lecture Series, to a standing-roomonly event in Washington, DC, as part of our ongoing “Moral Sense in Politics and Policy” series, to the continuing great work of our Davenport Institute in training public leaders to better engage the citizens they serve, and many more. Appearing diverse on the surface,
undergirding everything we’re doing are a set of principles, which form the foundation of America’s unique graduate policy program. These are a commitment to America’s founding principles, the importance of engaging all of the social sciences in making sustainable policy decisions, the centrality of faith in forming ethical leaders, and the vital role citizens must take in our democratic republic. As we head into our 20th year, we remember those great thinkers who played such pivotal roles in launching this program in the late 1990s. In these last few months, we have witnessed the passing of three of those essential people in the philosopher Michael Novak, historian Kevin Starr, and founding Academic Advisory member Steven Monsma. Each taught here in the school’s early years and in my own conversations with them, they expressed how much they enjoyed their time here and appreciated this distinctive program. In a speech given at Pepperdine in February 1997—months before the first SPP class would arrive—Starr observed, “Public policy at Pepperdine, in other words, without being overly self-conscious about it, can conduct its investigations and engage in its debates solidly anchored in a philosophy that sees individuals as free moral agents, not as victims in some academic scenario; that sees American experiments proceeding directly from the best imperatives of our western, now world, civilization.” As with so much else Starr wrote, I love that phrase, “without being overly selfconscious about it”—it speaks to the quiet confidence we have in our unique program, one that is preparing that next generation to receive the baton of public leadership.
Dean, School of Public Policy
School of Public Policy Launches
“THE AMERICAN PROJECT: ON THE FUTURE OF CONSERVATISM”
he Pepperdine School of Public Policy (SPP) announced “The American Project: On the Future of Conservatism,” a two-year program to propel innovative ideas for reimagining the future of America’s conservative movement. The American Project is governed under the leadership of SPP dean Pete Peterson. “As a program founded by the likes of James Q. Wilson, Jack Kemp, and many other leading centerright leaders and scholars, Pepperdine School of Public Policy is honored to be chosen to be the home for this initiative,” Peterson stated. “This is a critical time in our nation’s history to be considering the impact America’s
conservative movement can and should have on our politics and policy.” SPP has engaged Rich Tafel as the program’s director. A trained facilitator, Tafel has a history of bringing together people with divergent viewpoints to work toward common goals. He currently serves as pastor at Church of the Holy City in Washington, DC, and as managing director at Raffa Social Capital Advisors.
developed essays and media pieces that displayed innovative insight on conservatism in an age of increased populism and socialism. Initial funding for the project comes through a two-year grant from the Democracy Fund. Additional information on the American Project can be found at: americanproject.org
In June SPP gathered America’s leading conservative activists and thought-leaders at Pepperdine’s Malibu campus to assess the status of the conservative movement and visualize its abundant future. Participants
ADVANCEMENT MESSAGE As we look forward to the School of Public Policy’s (SPP) 20th anniversary celebration in November, there has never been a more exciting and impactful time to invest in the lives of our students. We are working hard to recruit the future leaders from across the country, and we are committed to bringing these top students to SPP. Given the significant cost of graduate school, and the intense competition for the best students, it is essential to have a robust scholarship fund. To that point, there are several opportunities to make a difference:
• Endow and name a scholarship that is specifically
designated to help students at the School of Public Policy;
• Join the Public Policy Associates program for a minimum annual gift of $1,000 ($83/month). These annual gifts are essential to our success, and directly benefit students enrolled in the program;
• Help students cover the costs associated with their
summer fellowships. These fellowships often provide inspiration to our future leaders as they determine their career paths, and the financial assistance allows them to focus their energy and attention on developing as a leader.
Your gift will make a very real difference. In recent weeks, I’ve had the opportunity to speak with several SPP alumni who, in many cases, could not have completed their degree without the generosity of those who support our school.
These alumni include a state senator, a senior policy advisor to a governor, a political science professor training the next generation of leaders, and a successful entrepreneur who is influencing culture through the use of social media. In addition to directly supporting students, there are numerous opportunities to assist SPP in attracting top faculty members, bringing nationallyknown speakers to campus, and helping to establish institutes that will position SPP to better engage in the important issues facing California and our country. If you would like to learn more about getting involved, I would welcome the opportunity to talk with you. Please feel free to contact me any time at firstname.lastname@example.org or 310.506.6513.
Senior Advancement Officer publicpolicy.pepperdine.edu | 3
TECHNOLOGY TOOLS AND STRATEGIES for Tomorrow’s Public Leaders
School of Public Policy Celebrates
2017 COMMENCEMENT The Pepperdine School of Public Policy offered a workshop to students on “Technology Tools and Strategies for Tomorrow’s Public Leaders,” a half-day event highlighting the importance of technology and how it is fundamentally changing the way political organizations communicate with constituents to build support around policy issues. Alex Kouts, CPO (chief product officer) at Countable and head product dude with the Lincoln Initiative, has conducted training sessions that included providing participants with an ecosystem of technology tools available for campaigns and political offices as well as strategies on leveraging technological resources to effectively portray political messages. Student participant Brian Stewart (MPP '17) stated, "This intensive workshop was a great compliment to my interest in the intersection of government and technology, and how political leaders capitalize or lack in capitalizing off of the power of technology to engage constituents.” Kouts, a savvy “tech entrepreneur obsessed in furthering American democracy”—as he described himself, has built and launched projects focused on civic engagement, campaign, tech media, digital philanthropy, crowdfunding, and gaming. Kouts shared his seven core elements of an effective digital messaging strategy, pulling from best practices of leading tech companies, leaving attendees with a new toolkit of skills to utilize technology in their future public service careers.
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n April 21, 2017, the School of Public Policy held its commencement ceremony for the graduating class of 2017 on the lawn of Alumni Park. Pepperdine University president Andrew K. Benton, provost Rick Marrs, chancellor Michael Adams, and the dean of the School of Public Policy, Pete Peterson, officiated the commencement ceremony. As is customary, a student of the graduating class is selected to deliver an address. This year’s student speaker, Alexandra Still (MPP ’17), charged her classmates to “spring into action” and redouble their efforts to achieve the goals that had first motivated them to pursue careers of public service. Each year the School of Public Policy honors an alumnus for exemplary achievements in his or her career. John Thomas (MPP ’10) was presented with the Distinguished Alumnus Award for his outstanding achievements in politics. Thomas is the founder and president of Thomas Partners Strategies, a full-service media and strategy firm which specializes in crisis management, television advertising, and consumer
research. He has been called the “Billy the Kid of Political Battles” by the Los Angeles Times for his work in producing some of the 2016 election cycle’s most compelling and cutting-edge political advertisements. The 2017 commencement address was given by Dr. John W. Sibert III, former mayor of the City of Malibu and an active leader in the civic life of the Malibu community for many years. Sibert’s widespread professional experience in energy and technology includes his roles as a managing partner of Global Financial Group and CFG China Holdings, the chief operating officer of the California State University Institute, and the founding executive director of the Alaska Science and Technology Foundation. Sibert advised the graduates that though business, government, and academia all have distinct roles to play in society, all three must “aim themselves at the ultimate stakeholder—the community.” President Benton conferred an honorary degree on Sibert for his many achievements and his tireless work in service of the Malibu community.
SPP PARTNERS WITH TRINITY FORUM AND AMERICAN ENTERPRISE INSTITUTE for Spring Events in Washington, DC
The School of Public Policy (SPP) hosted two major events this spring in Washington, DC, thanks to strong partnerships with the Trinity Forum and the American Enterprise Institute (AEI). In March the school’s “Moral Sense in Politics and Policy” series engaged journalist Rod Dreher in an Evening Conversation on his newly released book The Benedict Option: A Strategy for Christians in a Post-Christian Nation at The National Press Club. Dreher presented a radical vision for the future of Christian life, and called on American Christians to embrace an ancient way of life modeled by St. Benedict, a sixth-century monk who built enduring and separatist Christian communities focused on prayer, hospitality, and spiritual practice. Such self-imposed exile from mainstream culture, combined with the construction of a resilient and creative counterculture, is, Dreher argues, a vital means of addressing challenging cultural and political issues. Responding to Dreher was Kirsten Powers, a political pundit and an analyst for CNN. Also responding, was Peter Wehner, Senior Fellow at the Ethics and Public Policy Center and contributing opinion writer for the New York Times. Watch the video at: publicpolicy.pepperdine.edu/events/evening-conversations
In May SPP joined with AEI to host its third “Viewpoint Diversity in American Higher Education" panel. Academics met to discuss the experience of conservative professors on campus and the role faculty play in addressing the campus political climate. Claremont McKenna’s Jon Shields began with commentary from his book, Passing on the Right: Conservative Professors in the Progressive University. He highlighted the lack of conservative professors in the humanities and social sciences, which is problematic for progressing research and strengthening education. In response, AEI’s Samuel Abrams shared his attempts to foster a competition of ideas in his classroom, including introducing conservative ideas through a historical lens. He argued that the faculty, rather than the students, have shifted hard left. The conversation that followed touched on a variety of topics. Panelists discussed the prevalence of confirmation bias and the necessity of including all ideas to avoid decline in the quality of research and education. They contemplated the risks of overstating the current campus climate, and they disagreed about whether the campus climate will lead to tangible societal change. In addition, panelists considered the ability of conservative professors to be open about their politics and they deliberated the danger of the growing association of speech with violence. Watch the video at: publicpolicy.pepperdine.edu/events/viewpoint-diversity/past.htm
SPP and Davenport Institute Launch New Professional Certificate in
ADVANCED PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT In response to a growing interest from local leaders, the School of Public Policy and the Davenport Institute for Public Engagement and Civic Leadership have developed a professional certificate program that offers a deep dive into public engagement at the local level. The new Professional Certificate in Advanced Public Engagement for Local Government is geared toward local government practitioners and completed through a three-day intensive workshop on the Malibu campus. In an age where trust in government is at an all-time low and indifference toward local government is at an
all-time high, the very future of local representative democracy requires leaders with a new skill—an ability to break through cynicism and mistrust and engage residents in local policy. From public safety to city budgets and spending, to planning and environmental policies, today’s challenges need leaders who can revitalize public involvement and lead residents engaged in the difficult work of self-government. In this long-weekend format, mid-career professionals will be prepared to lead a publicly-engaged organization by gaining a deep understanding of the context, purpose, and best practices for
engaging residents in the decisions that affect their lives and communities. The inaugural cohort met July 28-30, 2017, and kicked off with a welcome dinner featuring Stephen Goldsmith, the Daniel Paul Professor of Practice of Government and the director of the innovations in government program at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government. Goldsmith has also served as deputy mayor of New York City and as mayor of Indianapolis. More information about the certificate program at: publicpolicy.pepperdine.edu/ certificate-public-engagement publicpolicy.pepperdine.edu | 5
THE LATEST FROM
he Davenport Institute has long been proud to exemplify the School of Public Policy’s (SPP) commitment to “put the public back into public policy,” both as it spreads the message of good public engagement throughout California and as it helps to train the next generation of leaders at SPP.
Early this year the institute launched a new version of its halfday “Public Engagement for Public Safety” training, drawing on best practices and with extensive input from the law enforcement community. While the institute has been training with the California Police Chiefs Association for a couple of years, this revised offering provides a more customized approach and opens the door for reaching more public safety officers with the message of how public engagement can be a valuable tool to build trust between police and the communities they serve. On campus, the institute partnered with SPP and the Oregon-based nonprofit Healthy Democracy to conduct an experiment in how a Citizens’ Initiative Review (CIR) may improve the California initiative process (see cover). The “Davenport Discussions” speaker series for students continued, hosting six lunchtime conversations with policy practitioners. These included SPP alumnus Brian Dille (MPP ’10), as well as experts from the government-tech world and state-level practitioners. The institute continued a busy training and speaking schedule, carrying the message of public engagement through four signature half-day training sessions, two public safety-focused sessions, and several keynote speaking events across the state.
Two new cities received awards through the institute’s “How are WE Doing? Public Engagement Platform.” The City of San Luis Obispo, California, was recognized as a Platinum Engaged City and the City of Kirkland, Washington, received a Gold Engagement Award. “How are WE Doing?” launched in 2016 as an opportunity for local governments and public agencies across the state to both self-evaluate their engagement efforts and to apply for recognition as a publicly engaged government. Senior Fellow Ed Everett published “Managing Local Government Is Tougher than Usual. What Is a Manager to Do?” looking at how public engagement can help build community and fix outdated government management models. Executive Director Ashley Trim (MPP '09) published “Making Direct Democracy Truly Democratic” in People2Power and “A Manageable Improvement to the State Initiative Process?” coauthored with Brian Stewart (MPP ’17), both of which reflected on the CIR demonstration. Senior Fellow Rod Gould and Trim coauthored “Engaging Your Public” in Public Management Magazine. The institute geared up for the first-of-its-kind Professional Certificate in Advanced Public Engagement for Local Governments, co-delivered with the School of Public Policy. This three-day intensive workshop was held at the Malibu campus and featured instruction from former and current city managers and thought leaders in civic engagement.
2017 CITY MANAGER IN RESIDENCE FRANK BENEST As part of the Davenport Institute's ongoing work to connect students with local government leaders, it welcomed the seventh City Manager in Residence, Frank Benest, former city manager of Palo Alto, California. The City Manger in Residence program is part of a collaborative effort developed by the California International City/County Manager Association (Cal-ICMA) to give students a chance to learn firsthand from some of the leading city managers in California.
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Prior to his time in Palo Alto, Benest served as city manager in Brea and Colton, California. He is a nationally recognized consultant and trainer on rightsizing public organizations, entrepreneurial government, civic engagement, leadership development and succession planning. Benest also has a heart for the rising generation of local leaders—he teaches at Stanford University and serves as ICMA senior advisor for Next Generation Initiatives and cochair of the Cal-ICMA coaching program. He presented a lunchtime roundtable to a group of current students and met one-on-one with students, offering personalized career advice.
AUTHOR KARL ZINSMEISTER Leads Discussion on Philanthropy Karl Zinsmeister, vice president of publications at the Philanthropy Roundtable, spoke on private philanthropic efforts in America and the potential they have to shape public policy not only on a local, but the national level, at a lunch event at the California Club in Downtown Los Angeles. Drawing from his most recent book, What Comes Next? How Private Givers Can Rescue America in an Era of Political Frustration, Zinsmeister gave evidence for his book’s claim through a few key examples from American history of private citizens who impacted national culture and policy through private philanthropy. From the abolitionist movement to the temperance societies, American individuals and small communities have started mass movements that addressed social problems that were beyond the government’s scope and power to solve effectively. Zinsmeister appealed to these historical examples to encourage modern-day Americans that private efforts to effect cultural and social change are indeed possible and, moreover, necessary. Philanthropy, according to Zinsmeister, “expands the arena of citizenship,” giving purpose to individual citizens who, especially in current times, have lost the satisfaction that comes from fulfilling civic duties. To best achieve the promises our country holds, Americans should renew their efforts to increase civic participation in their communities. In a question-and-answer session Zinsmeister, reiterated his hope for philanthropic and civic renewal in America, citing his trust in “a middle class no other country has.” Zinsmeister’s thoughtful remarks are best summarized in his own words: “Decentralized problem solving is not only useful for solving local problems; it can have profound political effects.” Zinsmeister founded and advises the Roundtable’s program on philanthropy for veterans and service members. Earlier in his career he was a US Senate aide to Daniel Patrick Moynihan, the J. B. Fuqua Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, and editor-in-chief for nearly 13 years of The American Enterprise magazine. From 2006 to 2009, Zinsmeister served in the West Wing as the president’s chief domestic policy adviser and director of the White House Domestic Policy Council.
PRESIDENTIAL HISTORIAN TEVI TROY on National Disaster Management Author Tevi Troy provided a thoughtful explanation of how US presidents have faced natural disasters, both internationally and domestically, throughout history in an evening lecture at Pepperdine’s Calabasas campus. Titled after his new book, Shall We Wake the President?: Two Centuries of Disaster Management from the Oval Office, Troy examined how past presidents have faced unpredictable crises, such as terror attacks, massive storms, and economic collapses throughout American history. Troy explained that the early presidents were removed from disasters that struck the country— during the early years of the country, presidents would not even hear about natural disasters until weeks after they occurred. There was no expectation during the 18 th and 19 th centuries for presidents to respond to any natural disaster. This precedent remained until the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 when president Calvin Coolidge reluctantly provided aid for relief. Troy explains that technology was a large factor in this decision. With the invention of the radio, the country became aware of the severity of the flood and expected the president to respond. Troy concluded his journey through history with modernday presidents’ approaches to natural disasters. President Jimmy Carter created the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). President Bill Clinton saw it as a political necessity to improve emergency management in the US. Both Bush presidents suffered political harm from not responding adequately to hurricanes during their presidency. However, Troy concluded with his belief that the federal government should take a more targeted approach to its response to natural disasters–giving more thought as to when it does and does not become involved in domestic and international crisis. publicpolicy.pepperdine.edu | 7
SPP APPLIED POLICY RESEARCH AND TRAINING PROGRAM Convenes in Washington, DC In May the School of Public Policy (SPP) convened its Applied Policy Research and Training Program at the Pepperdine Washington, DC campus. Research Fellows worked closely with SPP faculty Dr. James Prieger and Dr. Luisa Blanco on policy research projects chosen jointly by the students and the faculty member. The research culminated in published academic articles on contemporary issues of significant interest to policymakers. Funding for the program was generously provided by the Charles Koch Foundation and Carla Sands for the 2016-2017 academic year. In the first session, students Heng Lu (MPP ’17) and Qian (Habi) Zhang (MPP ’17) with faculty mentor Prieger presented “Importance of Physical and Digital Infrastructure for Entrepreneurship.” Discussants from the Federal Communications Commission and Globalytica provided valuable feedback to the students. Lu and Zhang examined how regional, physical, digital, and intellectual infrastructure can facilitate the birth of new business establishments and investigated the relative contributions of each type of infrastructure. Students Xizhu Wang (MPP ’17) and Christopher (Drew) Bosque (MPP ’17), who partnered with Blanco, led the second session with “Mobile Banking as a Mechanism to Increase Access to Financial Services.” Discussants from the Federal Reserve Board and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, reacted to the presentations. Wang and Bosque studied the determinants of mobile banking adoption, where they have a special interest on evaluating how mobile banking can be used to increase access to financial services among racial and ethnic minorities in the United States. They also studied the impact of mobile usage on financial behavior and spillovers at the household level for mobile banking adoption. 8 | School of Public Policy Dean’s Report
2017 POLICY RESEARCH SEMINARS
olicy Research Seminar projects, otherwise known as “capstone” presentations, require students to design and implement a major policy program for a global, state, or local agency using a real-life situation. As a requirement for graduation, these projects require students, individually or in a team, to develop a clearly focused mission statement, a strategic plan for the Professor Sean Jasso's undertaking, and an implementation seminar class displays their final papers. schedule that acknowledges various interest groups that must “buy in” for the project to be successful. This requires personnel planning, budget planning, and a clear method for securing approvals from all interested parties whose “ownership” is critical for its success. The results may be presented to a board of visitors including academics and real-world agency leaders. Students are expected to be able to identify, verbalize, and experience in an authentic way clearly-stated personal values as well as technical expertise. Topics for the 2017 Policy Research Seminars are listed below.
International Relations/National Security
• National Security Strategy: An Analysis of the Russian Threat to US Security Interests
• Redefining Peace in the Middle East: An In-Depth Analysis of America’s Interests and National Security Strategy
• The US National Security Strategy for China Market And Government Failure
• Battling the Smog Due to Industrial Pollution in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region
• Bolivia’s Overcrowded Prisons and Failed Criminal Justice System • Chinese Hukou System Reform • Economic Development in New Hampshire • Education Reform in the Mississippi Delta: A District-Specific Approach • Electoral Incentives and Policy Outcomes • Maintaining Stability and Security in the South China Sea • Revisiting NAFTA: The North American Free Trade Agreement of 1994 • The Land of Opportunity—Pursing the Immigrants’ Dream: A Policy
Analysis of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals and Addressing the Beneficiaries Status Through Immigration Reform
• The Misrepresentation of Victims of Human Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation as Criminals: A California Case Study
Major Issues In Public Policy
• Maintaining Affordability and Access: Defining the Federal Government’s Role in Higher Education
AMERICAN POLICY EXPERT LANHEE CHEN
to Serve as Fall 2017 Simon Distinguished Visiting Professor Lanhee J. Chen will serve as the Fall 2017 William E. Simon Distinguished Visiting Professor at the Pepperdine School of Public Policy. Chen is the David and Diane Steffy Research Fellow at the Hoover Institution, the director of domestic policy studies and lecturer in the public policy program at Stanford University, and an affiliate of Stanford’s Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies. He currently serves as a presidentially appointed and Senate-confirmed member of the Social Security Advisory Board. “I’m very excited to have Dr. Chen engaging with the future public leaders our program recruits,” noted dean Pete Peterson. “Lanhee brings such terrific practical and scholarly experience at the intersection of policy and politics. And as we say here at Pepperdine, ‘Leaders must always consider the public in forming public policy.’” A veteran of several high-profile political campaigns, Chen has worked in government, the private sector, and academia. Most recently he was an advisor to US senator Marco Rubio’s 2016 presidential campaign. In 2012 he was the policy director for the Romney-Ryan presidential campaign, as well as Governor Mitt Romney’s chief policy adviser. In the Bush Administration, Chen was a senior official at the US Department of Health and Human Services. He is currently a counsel at the law firm of Arent Fox LLP and was previously an associate attorney at Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP.
“I am thrilled to be a part of the Pepperdine community this fall,” Chen said. “The School of Public Policy’s commitment to informing students about the multiple dimensions of the policymaking process and helping them understand, through both academic research and real-world examples, how policy actually gets made, makes it a unique place to teach and learn. I look forward to getting to know the school, its faculty, staff, and, most of all, its students.” Chen was honored in 2015 as one of the POLITICO 50, a list of the “thinkers, doers, and visionaries transforming American politics.” His writings have appeared in a variety of outlets, including the Wall Street Journal, the Washington Post, the Los Angeles Times, and Bloomberg View. He has been a CNN political commentator and provided political analysis and commentary on nearly every other major television network. Chen earned his PhD and AM in political science from Harvard University, his JD cum laude from Harvard Law School, and his AB magna cum laude in government from Harvard College. During the Fall 2017 semester, Chen will teach the course Seminar in Political Issues: Public Policymaking in Today’s Political Environment in the master of public policy degree program on the Malibu campus. The William E. Simon Distinguished Visiting Professorship at the School of Public Policy is funded by the William E. Simon Foundation, which provides the school with the opportunity to invite a series of nationally recognized and highly respected individuals to be in residence each year. Each visiting professor leads a class or seminar, devotes significant time as a resident mentor to student scholars, and leads presentations for the entire campus community.
Citizens’ Initiative from page 1
and more independent of campaign spending.
measures from last November’s ballot– Proposition 61: Drug Price Standards.
review, the panel presented its findings in a Citizens’ Statement.
A full CIR brings a randomly selected, representative panel of voters together to look at a measure on an upcoming ballot. Due to the timing of the project however, the California CIR demonstration brought together a politically and ethnically diverse panel of students from across California to Pepperdine’s Malibu campus. They deliberated on one of the most complex
Over the course of three days, panelists examined ballot materials, considered the arguments of advocates for and against Proposition 61, questioned independent experts, and deliberated in small groups. During the process, panelists deliberated on what they had learned in order to fairly evaluate the measure. At the conclusion of the
"I would definitely do this again,” said participant Cheyenne Bridgewater (MPP ’17). “In a time when our country is so divided and even information itself is polarized, we were getting information that did not come from sources with an end goal. We were really able to deliberate on the information with each other instead of being influenced by outside sources.” publicpolicy.pepperdine.edu | 9
FACULTY/FELLOW UPDATE JAMES COYLE Adjunct Faculty James Coyle’s new book Russia’s Border Wars and Frozen Conflicts was published in 2017 by Palgrave Macmillan.
Robert and Katheryn Dockson Professor of Public Policy Robert Kaufman’s commentary continues to appear regularly on LifeZette. He has three journal articles forthcoming—two in H-Diplo, the premier scholarly journal of American Diplomatic History; the third on just war theory in Providence Magazine. The University Press of Kentucky, the publisher of his third and fourth books, has expressed strong interest in him writing a book on Donald Trump’s foreign policy. He is in the preliminary stage of preparing a political biography of US senator Joseph Lieberman, which the senator has encouraged him to write. Kaufman continues to appear on high-profile media outlets.
Edward L. Gaylord Chair Associate Professor of Public Policy Ted McAllister’s work entitled, “What Does Burke Have to Do with America: Europe and an American Conservatism” has been published in the most recent issue of the Political Science Reviewer. This past March McAllister organized and designed a colloquium entitled, “Religious Liberty and American Self-Rule” for 16 undergraduate students from 13 different universities modeled on the Liberty Fund style of seminar. The School of Public Policy hosted the event, which was funded by the Charles Koch Foundation. Some of the goals of the colloquium included: reaching out to underserved institutions that have not had much access to institutions that provide outside educational opportunities in support of liberty and a deeper understanding of the conditions that foster a free society; introducing students to a serious conversation about freedom and self-governance in which they learn through discussion rather than instruction; and exposing students to subjects, materials, and ideas often neglected in curricula. In June McAllister also taught the course entitled Roots of American Order: Thinking Historically About Public Policy at the Pepperdine Washington, DC campus as one of the school’s summer seminars.
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Professor of Public Policy James Prieger presented “Cigarette Taxes and Illicit Trade in Europe” at the American Economic Association session at the 2017 Allied Social Sciences Associations annual meeting. Prieger was also invited to provide a guest lecture on “Illicit Tobacco Markets” to a class at UCLA this past April. In June Prieger organized a session on smoking, health, illicit trade, and public policy at the Western Economic Association International’s annual conference in San Diego, California. The session included two research projects: “Smokers Intentions and Responses to a Tax Increase” which examines responses to the California cigarette tax hike of April 2017, and “Tax Avoidance and Illicit Trade” which looks at local determinants of illicit cigarette purchases using data on discarded packs. The above research projects were coauthored with Jonathan Kulick, Senior Research Scholar at the Marron Institute of Urban Management at New York University.
Associate Dean for Strategy and Special Projects Director of Assessment Associate Professor of Public Policy Michael Shires led the school through a complete restructuring of the MPP curriculum. The initiative increases options and flexibility for students, reduces tuition, and strengthens the school’s ability to engage students with real policy problems. He also continues his research on preserving economic opportunity and social mobility for lower-income Californians through his research on economic development, as well as periodic appearances on local television stations analyzing the week’s political events. This summer he is continuing his service with the National Institute for Public Finance—co-chairing the public finance track for a training institute held in July on Pepperdine’s Malibu campus.
MICHAEL SHIRES Appointed Associate Dean for Strategy and Special Projects Dr. Michael Shires, associate professor of public policy, was appointed associate dean for strategy and special projects at the Pepperdine School of Public Policy (SPP). His first major initiative was leading the school through a complete restructuring of the MPP curriculum, which was approved by the University in April. In this role Shires will lead the school’s initiatives to improve the professional practice and teaching of public policy and build new opportunities for its students, alumni, and friends. He will continue to teach MPP classes at the School of Public Policy on strategy, public finance, education policy, and financing of local government, among others. “I’m grateful to Dr. Shires for taking on this new administrative position alongside his current teaching responsibilities," stated Pete Peterson, dean of the School of Public Policy. “Mike has such a creative mind for organizational modernization and with
the changes we are planning here at SPP, he will play an essential role in preparing this program for its third decade.” Over the last 25 years, Shires has worked extensively with and within new organizations to develop management and educational systems. His research spans the broad spectrum of public finance, ranging from economic development issues at the street level to the overall funding landscape of local and state government. Shires publishes frequently on economics, economic opportunity, and development in urban settings and especially California, Los Angeles County, and the San Fernando Valley. His annual ranking series with Joel Kotkin of the best cities for business are carried annually on both Forbes.com and NewGeography.com. He has served in numerous leadership roles in the two primary national public policy professional associations, the Association for Public Policy Analysis
and Management and the Network of Schools of Public Policy, Affairs, and Administration. Prior to joining the Pepperdine faculty in 2000, Shires was the First Research Fellow at the Public Policy Institute of California and a Doctoral Fellow at Pardee RAND Graduate School. Shires received a PhD and MPhil from Pardee RAND in public policy analysis and an MBA and BA in economics from the University of California, Los Angeles.
ROBERT KAUFMAN TO SERVE AS VISITING SCHOLAR
in Conservative Thought and Policy at University of Colorado Boulder Dr. Robert Kaufman, the Robert and Katheryn Dockson Professor of Public Policy at the School of Public Policy, has been named the 20172018 Visiting Scholar in Conservative Thought and Policy at the University of Colorado Boulder. Kaufman, a political scientist specializing in American foreign policy, is scheduled to teach two courses per semester in Fall 2017 and Spring 2018 on war strategy and prudence in politics. In addition, he will host public events in the campus community and throughout the state. “I look forward to a lively and stimulating year as the Visiting Conservative Scholar at the University of Colorado Boulder,” noted Kaufman.
Kaufman has written for scholarly journals and popular publications including The Weekly Standard, Policy Review, the Washington Times, the Baltimore Sun, the Philadelphia Inquirer, and the Seattle Post-Intelligencer. He has written four books, including his most recent, Dangerous Doctrine: How Obama’s Grand Strategy Weakened America. His other publications include In Defense of the Bush Doctrine, Henry M. Jackson: A Life in Politics, and Arms Control During the Pre-Nuclear Era. Kaufman also assisted President Richard M. Nixon in the research and writing of Nixon’s final book, Beyond Peace, and is a former Bradley Scholar and current adjunct scholar at the Heritage Foundation. He has taught at Colgate University, The Naval War College, and the University of Vermont. Kaufman received his JD from Georgetown Law and a BA, two MA degrees, and a PhD, from Columbia University. In May 2016 he received a master of dispute resolution from the Pepperdine University School of Law. publicpolicy.pepperdine.edu | 11
School of Public Policy Welcomed
NEW SPRING 2017 ADJUNCT FACULTY The Pepperdine School of Public Policy (SPP) welcomed three new adjunct faculty members for the Spring 2017 semester. Marlon Graf, Christian McGuigan, and former California state senator Gloria Romero taught master of public policy elective courses in the American politics, economics, and state and local policy specialization areas. Graf, led a course on practical applications of policy analysis; McGuigan, taught a course on media and social impact; and former senator Romero's course was on education, politics, and reform. SPP also welcomed back Karen Elliott House, former publisher of the Wall Street Journal and Pulitzer Prizewinning journalist, who taught a course entitled Islam and a Mideast Crisis. House previously served as the school’s Spring 2014 William E. Simon Distinguished Visiting Professor.
MARLON GRAF is a health
research analyst with the Milken Institute. Prior to that he was an assistant policy analyst at the RAND Corporation and has worked at the Los Angeles Mayor’s Office of Economic and Business Policy, as well as in John Deere’s marketing and sales branch in France. Previously Graf served as a trainee in the staff of the majority leader in the European Parliament, advising mainly on transatlantic relations and the Euro-crisis. At RAND Graf has worked on a number of projects for the European Commission. Graf completed business undergraduate studies in Germany and France; received an MPP from the University of California, Los Angeles; and a PhD in policy analysis from the Pardee RAND Graduate School.
CHRISTIAN McGUIGAN is currently
vice president at Cone Communications. Previously, McGuigan was at Participant Media creating social-impact campaigns and writing and producing award-winning video content with the goal of driving meaningful social change. He went on to help lead its cause-marketing services division as vice president, where he oversaw the intersection of content and strategy, shepherding projects across Participant’s marketing, impact, and digital divisions. McGuigan received a BA in English literature from the University of Dallas and a JD from Chapman University Fowler School of Law. He is a member of the Pacific Council on International Policy.
12 | School of Public Policy Dean’s Report
GLORIA ROMERO is a former California state senator and founder/ executive director of Scholarship Prep Charter School located in Santa Ana, California. Romero was elected to the 24th Senate District in 2001, representing East Los Angeles and the Greater San Gabriel Valley. She was elected to serve as senate Democratic caucus chair and as senate majority leader—the first woman to ever hold that leadership position in the history of the California State Senate. Prior to serving in the senate, she held the post of majority whip in the California State Assembly and served on the Los Angeles Community College Board of Trustees and the Los Angeles Elected Charter Reform Commission. She authored the imaginative and revolutionary Parent Open Empowerment Act, which transfers real rights to parents of children in chronically underperforming and failing schools—the first such law in the nation. Romero received a BA and an MA from California State University, Long Beach, and a PhD in psychology from the University of California, Riverside.
BRUCE HERSCHENSOHN on the Six-Day War Dr. Gordon Lloyd and Rosemary Licata
Annual Licata Lecture Features
PROFESSOR EMERITUS GORDON LLOYD on the History of American Individualism
r. Gordon Lloyd, Senior Fellow at the Ashbrook Center and the Dockson Professor Emeritus of Public Policy at Pepperdine, served as the 2017 Licata lecturer, presenting topics in his new book, Rugged Individualism: Dead or Alive?, coauthored with David Davenport. Among the themes discussed were American individualism and modern liberalism. According to Lloyd, in order to understand modern liberalism, we must understand how the New Deal impacted our contemporary political landscape.
Lloyd noted that the phrase “rugged individualism” was first used by Herbert Hoover in 1928 to characterize the self-reliance of the American people. Whereas the European people had become increasingly state-dependent in the wake of the first Great War and ensuing depression, Hoover noted that the American people were highly entrepreneurial and proactive. This uniquely rugged American spirit, Lloyd explained, began to shift during the Great Depression, as people looked for government support. He regards this shift toward the state as the moment when the American ethic became less rugged and more forgotten. The “forgotten man” was a phrase introduced by president Franklin Roosevelt in the 1930s to characterize the segment of the population that depended on government support for survival. He used it to appeal to the population who “paid and prayed,” yet felt overlooked by the system. This sentiment arose largely during the Great Depression and persisted thereafter—thus, the New Deal. Roosevelt’s New Deal came on the heels of his first explicit mention of the forgotten man. It marked the official shift in attitude that the government was the most reliable and best means for ushering in a more
prosperous future. During this time, self-sufficiency gave way to the desire for social welfare and the rugged individual cowed to the forgotten man. Lloyd regards the New Deal as a defining moment of the 20th century that has had a considerable impact on the modern day. “In a society that adheres to the principle that so long as there is one person left uncared for, then government intervention is needed, where is there room for the rugged individual?” Lloyd posed the question: “Is there hope for the rugged individual in the future?” He says yes, so long as the young and innovative lead the charge toward a self-reliant and responsible system. At the end of the day, Lloyd states that we must remember that society begins and ends with individuals, not with the state. The Charles and Rosemary Licata Lecture Series was established through an endowment for the School of Public Policy by benefactors Charles and Rosemary Licata. The Licata Lecture Series unites students, alumni, and community leaders with leading academics and practitioners shaping policy matters in the new century.
In April the School of Public Policy welcomed Senior Fellow Bruce Herschensohn as he held a discussion in recognition of the 50 th anniversary of the Six-Day War, which started on June 5, 1967, and lasted only six days but has changed the history of the Middle East. Herschensohn provided a brief prequel to the 1967 war of Israel vs. Egypt, Syria, and Jordan, as well as other Arab states giving aid to be used against Israel. He touched on the withdrawal of the UN Peacekeepers out of Sinai, leading to Egypt sending its tanks across the desert towards Israel much to its alarm based on the anti-Israeli rhetoric heard on the radio show Voice of the Arabs. Herschensohn went on to explain the advantages and disadvantages of Israel, relative to its military and diplomacy, and why it attacked preemptively under casus belli. Furthermore, he emphasized the impending butterfly effect that the war would have had at the international realm had it not ended in six days. The discussion concluded with Herschensohn and students conversing over possible permanent solutions to the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict, while he tied the insightful analysis to present-day foreign affairs. publicpolicy.pepperdine.edu | 13
New Environmental Policy Student Organization Hosts
NEW BOARD OF VISITORS MEMBERS
CALIFORNIA STATE SENATOR HENRY STERN
he School of Public Policy Board of Visitors comprises national policy, business, and community leaders who support the school’s mission and share the commitment to a more expansive approach to public policy. The board provides invaluable counsel and support to the School of Public Policy, and the members are examples of public leaders who appreciate the role of a strong moral and ethical standard while recognizing the central importance of civil society, faith, and free markets to solve policy issues.
California state senator Henry Stern engaged in a dinner discussion with School of Public Policy (SPP) students and the Pepperdine community in an event sponsored by SPP’s newest student organization, the Association of Environmental Professionals (AEP). AEP’s Pepperdine chapter was started with the help of SPP alumnus Mitchel Morrison (MPP ’11) and then student Jeremy Wolf (MPP ’17) in an effort to create a platform at the school for students to engage in environmental issues. Stern, who represents the 27th Senate District encompassing parts of Los Angeles and Ventura Counties, spoke on the importance of getting citizens more civically engaged in the political process, along with discussing current environmental issues. Stern addressed topics such as the future of public transportation in Los Angeles County and his Teacher Recruitment and Retention Act. He touched on the affordable housing shortage in Southern California and the necessity for the State of California to remain fiscally responsible. AEP became an official SPP student organization in 2016. Members have the opportunity to learn and network with individuals from AEP at both the state and national levels and promote sustainability on the Pepperdine campus. AEP student leadership hopes to bring additional engaging local leaders, like Stern, to campus to speak on regional and timely environmental issues. 14 | School of Public Policy Dean’s Report
DEAN PETE PETERSON WELCOMES THE NEWEST BOARD OF VISITORS MEMBERS: TINA MARIE ITO is the founder and publisher of
the La Cañada Flintridge Magazine. A member of the Women’s Council of Verdugo Hills Hospital for nearly 30 years, Ito has served in many capacities, most notably fundraising chair and president. She has also participated on the Continuous Quality Improvement Council for Verdugo Hills Hospital. Ito now serves as vice chair of the USC Verdugo Hills Hospital’s Foundation Board. Ito has been involved on the board of the Educational Foundation of Orinda as special events coordinator. Her lifelong love of animals has kept Ito interested in supporting organizations such as the Glendale Humane Society, the California Wildlife Center, the Lindsay Wildlife Museum, and the Glendale Humane Society. Ito also serves on the board of the Larry Elder Charities. She acts as a literary agent through her self-established Pelimoose Productions, LLC. Through her participation in the Encino Oaks Republican Women’s Federated, Ito is often instrumental in finding and securing featured speakers, such as Larry Elder, Dennis Prager, Scott Baio, and Mark Isler, among others.
DONALD R. KNABE served as the Los Angeles County supervisor of the Fourth District who was first elected to the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors in 1996 and reelected in 2000, 2004, 2008, and 2012. With a political career dedicated to protecting the innocent and vulnerable children that reside in Los Angeles County, Knabe established the Safe Surrender program, which allows people to surrender a baby within 72 hours of birth, as long as the baby is free from any signs of abuse. Knabe is also known as a national leader on the issue of child sex trafficking. In 2012 he launched a national campaign to raise awareness about young girls in Southern California being subjected to exploitation for monetary gain. The following year he testified on the issue of child sex trafficking at a hearing before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs in Washington, DC. Knabe is a director for the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA). He is also a member of the Southern California Regional Rail Authority (Metrolink), where he serves on the Executive Management and Audit Committees. Knabe received the honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the Pepperdine School of Public Policy in 2016.
SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY IMPLEMENTS NEW CAREER-FOCUSED CURRICULUM The School of Public Policy (SPP) has announced a revised curriculum for the master of public policy degree program effective Fall 2017. The curriculum changes were proposed to better balance the learning that occurs both inside and outside the classroom, and to increase the opportunities for students to engage in professional development during the two-year degree program. There are other elements of the revised curriculum, which are intended to provide greater programmatic flexibility to students. While the total number of courses required for graduation remains the same, and the school’s distinctive James Q. Wilson core curriculum will remain intact, the current 4-unit course model has been modified to a 3-unit course basis as the framework for the academic program. With that, there will be an overall decrease in semester units from 64 to 50. In addition, a professional development requirement
has been created to ensure student participation in the co-curricular programs of the school; and the former summer internship requirement has been reorganized to allow students to pursue professional activities during the semester that will facilitate possible larger-scale student involvement during the academic year in addition to summers. Finally, there have been changes within the specialization requirement that allow students to take more courses within their area of specialization (American politics, economics, international relations and national security, and state and local policy). This modification will enable students more free electives to pursue their interests and it creates the opportunity for the creation of additional specialization options in the future. The new curriculum design also allows a realigned tuition structure, making the program even more competitive with the nation’s top policy programs. The
more affordable tuition will better able students to pursue a wider range of career paths upon graduation. “Public policy as a discipline is changing rapidly,” associate dean Michael Shires explains, “and the new curriculum positions Pepperdine to remain among the leading schools in equipping today’s leaders in a chaotic policy environment.” The changes were developed with the goal of best preparing students for careers in public service, making the program more competitive nationally and to increase the flexibility students have to access opportunities to practice their public policy in professional settings. As the school is in its 20th anniversary year, the curriculum changes are a momentous event in its history and will continue to propel the Pepperdine School of Public Policy as America’s unique graduate policy program.
ALUMNI NOTES MELISA CARROLL ARANDA (MPP ’00)
is an instructor through Coastal Carolina Community College for the Military Academic Skills Program on Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune in Jacksonville, North Carolina. She and her family returned to the US in 2016, after living in Okinawa, Japan, for three years where her husband was stationed. The Aranda family also hosted a Japanese high school student for 20162017 school year.
CHRISTOPHER DENHAM-MARTINEZ (MPP ’10)
is an IT analytics manager for Orange County. He was hired by the elected Orange County auditor-controller to help create and establish the department’s analytics function. He is also pursuing certifications in data science and predictive analytics at the University of California, Irvine.
What’s new with you
DAVID MANSDOERFER (MPP ’11) accepted the position of
director of boards and commissions at the US Department of Health and Human Services in February 2017. The Department of Health and Human Services is the United States government’s principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, especially for those who are least able to help themselves.
ELLYN SCHWAIGER (’09, MPP ’14) and her husband, Justin,
announced the birth of their daughter, Holly Elizabeth Schwaiger, born on June 18, 2017, in Denver, Colorado.
To share your alumni news, please submit to email@example.com.
publicpolicy.pepperdine.edu | 15
PEPPERDINE UNIVERSITY School of Public Policy 24255 Pacific Coast Highway Malibu, CA 90263-4494
Pete Peterson Dean James R. Wilburn Dean Emeritus
BOARD OF VISITORS
Viggo Butler (MBA ’80)
Babette J. Donaldson
Cynthia Guerrero (MPP ’04)
Kevin Richardson (JD ’82)
B. Wayne Hughes, Jr.
Jeffrey Jones (MPP ’02)
William S. Banowsky
Cathryn Kingsbury (’97, MPP ’99)
Donald R. Knabe
Steve Forbes Robert Hertzberg
Ernest M. Maldonado (’76, MP ’80)
Michael Novak (In Memoriam)
Frederick J. Ryan, Jr.
Stephen Olson (MBA ’73)
DEAN’S REPORT EDITORIAL TEAM
Joseph Czyzyk Chair
Tina Marie Ito Jonathan Kemp (’94, MBA ’07)
EDITOR: Christina Ramirez
COPY EDITOR: Vincent Way
Keith Tobias Robert Virtue Carol Wallace Charity Wallace (’97) Beti Ward Michael Y. Warder Barry L. Wolfe
WRITERS: Melissa Espinoza, Christina Ramirez, Alexander Shaw (’15, MPP ’17), Brian Stewart (MPP ’17), Alexandra Still (MPP ’17), Ashley Trim (MPP ’09), Beth Vaccarezza (MPP ’17), Jeremy Wolf (MPP ’17), and Leon Zepeda (MPP candidate ’18)
Save the Date SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 2017 DINNER CELEBRATION Ronald Reagan Presidential Library Simi Valley, California Join the Pepperdine School of Public Policy as we celebrate our first 20 years—and look ahead to exciting plans for our future as we pave A Way Forward in fortifying the bridge between the public and public policy. We will welcome US Senator Benjamin E. Sasse of Nebraska, whose strong convictions and independent voice have made him a respected leader in only his first term in Washington, DC. Senator Sasse is a role model for School of Public Policy students and alumni alike as they strive to move beyond politics as usual and “see public policy differently.”
UPCOMING EVENTS For upcoming Fall 2017 events, please visit publicpolicy.pepperdine.edu/events or follow us on Facebook at facebook.com/pepperdine.policy.
PEPPERDINE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY
Published on Aug 15, 2017
The Dean's Report is a biannual newsletter published by the School of Public Policy, highlighting the semester's distinguished lectures, con...