Page 1

Minds on the margin are not marginal minds Surpassing expectations Of People by Learning from them

anil k gupta IIMA, NIF, honey bee network, anilg@sristi.org


monitoring context changes the content

Let us recognise potential of knowledge richeconomically poor people


Innovations are easy Method

Old

New

Old Application New

Old Material/instruments

new


A Lesson for learners A change not monitored is a change not desired (g, 1984)


Honey Bee Network founded in 1987-1988

A nameless, faceless innovator comes into contact with the Network and gets an identity.


Building upon four capitals for sustaining innovations Intellectual capital Social capital Trust, reciprocity and third part sanctions External regulation

Intellectual property ( that part of ic from the commercial applications of which, one can exclude others for a given period of time)

Natural capital ( commoditization of resources, stored, sold, exchanged, controlled)

Ethical Capital ( internal regulations) Source: Gupta, 2001


CREATING open source PUBLIC STANDARDS OF EXCELLENCE

Patamda, Puruliya –bankura

shodhyatra


Meghalaya

Technology is like words, institutions are like

grammar and culture is like

thesaurus Three pillars of sustainability


A public innovation for public use: Jharkhand


Service at your door step: Sheikh Jahangir, Jalgaon, Maharshtra

Scooter mounted flour mill

Scooterbased washing machine

Fortune at the Top of Ethical and Innovation Pyramid


learning from common people: Saidullah, champaran, Bihar

Blending love, learning and loving

love learning

living


Solutions for the poor and the rich, by the poor: but this is not Jugaad,

Non stick clay pan: Rs 60 /= Mansukh Bhai Prajapati, Surendra Nagar, Gujarat


Mansukhbhai : Mitticool Product Range


Automated Circular Kiln that Mansukhbhai made specially for the baking tawas and diyas


Just 70 Euro

Low Cost Wind mill Stronger, durable version, 900 euro, saves diesel worth 700 Mehtar Hussain and Mushtaq Ahmad, Assam euro in one season of salt making Over 35 units installed in salt farming regions of Gujarat to improve livelihood of poor salt farmers

Innovation by Mehtar Husain and his brother Mushtaq Ahmed from Assam to Gujarat Several African countries have shown interest to get this technology


GOLDEN TRIANGLE OF CREATIVITY Innovations and traditional knowledge

Enterprise

Investment


Mind to market: the case of herbavate


Herbvate: a skin ointment • It is based on the knowledge of seven innovators from six districts Sabarkanth, Panchmahal, Dang, Mahsana, Patan and Bhavnagar of Gujarat. Herbavate exhibits remarkable properties against eczema and variety of inflammatory and infectious skin conditions. Communities: The innovators of Herbavate: 1. Amratbhai Shankarbhai Rawal, Mehsana Gujarat. 2. Kunjubhai Kakadiyabhai Bhoya, Dang Gujarat 3. Pujabhai Dabhi, Sabarkantha, Gujarat 4. Karshanbhai Parmar, Sabarkantha Gujarat 5. Laxmanbhai Pagi, Panchmahal, Gujarat 6. Lilabhai Rawal, Patan Gujarat 7. Lakhabhai Becharbhai Khatana, Bhavnagar Gujarat


g2G grassroots to global Global GIAN – Building Global Value Chain for augmentation of Green Grassroots Innovations


Sales made 1.

Coconut tree climber- USA (Florida, Massachussets, California, Hawaii etc.) Australia, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Brazil, Mexico, West Indies

2.

Pomegranate deseeder-Turkey, USA

3.

Garlic peeling machine-Pakistan

4.

Arecanut husker- Singapore

5.

Milking machine-Phillipines, Uganda, Ethiopia

6.

Resin grading machine-Peru

7.

Cassava peeling machine-kenya

8.

Herbal growth promoters-Ghana


Product enquiries: Sl no.

Innovation/product

Countires

1

Coconut/palm tree climbing device

USA, United Kingdom, Vietnam, Australia, Sri Lanka, Mexico, Iran, West Indies

2

Entech oil expeller

USA, United Kingdom, Australia, Phillipines, Canada, Kenya, Colombia, S. Africa, Switzerland, Poland, Indonesia, Belgium

3

Garlic peeling machine

Slovenia, USA, Turkey, Peru, Singapore, Iran , Venezuela, Pakistan

4

Pomegranate deseeding machine

USA, Australia, Turkey, Venezuela, Hongkong, Israel, Netherlands, Thailand, UAE, Iran, United Kingdom

5

Cassava peeling machine

Congo, USA, Benin, Nigeria, Kenya, UAE, Uganda

6

Aaruni tilting cart

Uganda

7

Coconut defibring machine

China

8

Coconut dehusker

Mexico, New Zealand, USA, Philippines, Bangladesh

9

Lemon cutting machine

S. Africa

10

Milking machine

Bangladesh, Uganda, Ecuador

11

Palm leaf mat weaving machine

Fiji

12

Rain Gun (Chandraprabha)

Sudan

13

Tea making machine

Bangladesh,

14

Tile making machine

Bangladesh, Kenya, Rwanda, Ghana, Zambia

15

Trench digging machine

Pakistan

16

Zero head water turbine

Egypt

17

Arecanut dehusking machine

Chile


The President of India honours grassroots innovators, launches National Innovation Clubs and hosts an innovation exhibition at the President’s house; NIF becomes an Institute of Department of Science and Technology

Initiative to Institutionalisation


The former President awards children innovators every year at the Award function by NIF at IIMA

IGNITE

Initiative to Institutionalisation


Education

EDUCATION


Why do we not have a database of teachers in government schools who have achieved all the goals of quality education without any extrinsic reward or motivation?

Why have we not included any lesson based on innovations by common people in the textbooks for schools and colleges?

Why is there no social innovation fund to invest in educational innovations by teachers?

Why do we not have an open access multi-media, multi language database of open source content for our children?

Educational Innovation


National Innovation Clubs: • Search: Celebrating the decade of innovation by mapping the creativity and innovations in the hinterland • Spread: Disseminating/Cross-pollinating innovations across spaces, social segments and sectors • Sense or Benchmark: Identifying the roots of persistent problems and the mindsets that trigger their continued tolerance in society and solve problem, add value and develop product/service • Celebrate: Recognising achievers in different social segments


Name of Product

Sristi Rakshak

Innovator

Shri Banidan Mavjibhai Gadhvi

Shri Arkhiben Mithabhai Vanakar Shri Ranabhai Gigabhai Kamaliya Shri Rajanikant Keshabhai Patel Shri Ahemadbhai Daudbhai Kadiwala Shri Gemalsingh Rana Shri Karshanbhai Manajibhai Chaudhary

Name of Product Sristi Krushak Innovator Shri Popatbhai Rupabhai Jambucha Shri Dhirubhai Bhemabhai Nayak Shri Salvi Swetha Reddy Shri Naranbhai Samjibhai Solanki


Name of the Product Sristi Mosq Hit Innovator Community Knowledge Composition Nagod (Vitex negundo ) Camphora (Cinnamomum camphora ) Bavchi (Posrelia Carylifolia ) Cream base


Neutraceutical cookies


Some Lessons • Lesson one: Problem is not innovation, but lack of attention to the emerging ideas. • Lesson two: Scaling up is important but long tail of innovation is even more important • Lesson three: Benchmarking the need and delivery gaps


• Lesson four: Investing in risky ideas when they are still hazy is the key to entrepreneurial future


Learning platforms: from concrete to abstract

• 1. • 2. • 3. • 4. •

Artefactual - as a replication of solution level Analogically - metaphor to inspire Heuristically - as a model or principle gestalt - configurational level

Gupta, 2012, Own complilation


Some leaves from the lives of public adm innovators


Karnataka Sakala Services Act 2011

Sakala means “in time” - Name, Logo, Slogan were proposed by Citizens. SAKALA – No More Delays…We Deliver on Time


Most sought after services Department

SERVICE most sought (cumulative)

TOTAL NO. OF GSC DISPOSALS

Revenue

All types of Caste & Income Certificate

7916942

Transport

Learning Licence

810841

Urban

Issue of Birth, Still Birth and Death Certificates

362141

Food

Modification in Existing Ration Card

751322

Home

Receipt and Disposal of Petitions

229014

Commercial Tax

Issue of form C Declaration

1284627


Call Centre

• A bridge b/w citizens & Government (8 am to 6 pm all working days) • Single no. for the State - 080- 4455 4455.

About 98 per cent request were serviced with in time

• Over 3 CRORES calls received so far.

• So far 865 Sakala & 1750 Non Sakala complaints received .


Polycentric Learning from multiple sources, levels, and channels:

Learning from multiple sources, levels, and channels:

Future sources of learning, creativity and innovation would not be restricted to formal boundaries of organisations.


Creating networks:

No one organization is likely to possess sufficient information or knowledge to enable it to achieve its goals


Emerging Models of innovations • New models of innovations: a)Building upon what disadvantaged people are rich in: inability to live with problems unsolved –overcoming inertia b) Empathetic innovations: samvedana se srijansheelta, kho kho model of innovation ( innovation relay ) c) Going beyond long tail, long nose of innovations to turbulent innovations


Models of innovations: d) Inverted model of innovations: children invent, engineers fabricate, and companies commercialize e) Pooling of distributed ideas for innovation and experimentation : uncommon from common f) distributed mind management: www.techpedia.in, transcending the limits of frugality

g) Moving blackboards: learning from unexpected quarters


Curiosity is thy nature, indifference is ours????????? How can we scout innovative ideas from kids , tech students, informal sector and professional individuals?


Nisha Chaube NOIDA Bag with folding seat


Arnab from, West Bengal


Arnab, west bengal


Mohammed Usman Hanif Patel, Jalgaon, Maharashtra, class two


www.techpedia.in • recently a new initiative techpedia.in, (a portal by SRISTI ( sristi.org) pooling 104,000 engineering projects by 350k students from over 500 institutions) etc., engaging with youth in the one of the youngest country •


Shanu sharma: vardan, iitk


raghunath p Lohar


Image, Speech Recognition and Speech Synthesis for deaf and dumb to talk to normal people

Saurabh Saket and Rahul Ranjan , Bhutta College of Engineering & Technology, Ludhiana


Has any big company given you fridge that also gives you hot water, keeps food warm and consumes less electricity

Lpg gas based refrigerator Chintan, mayank, biren Mehsana

Hot water from fridge Dhruv Mehsana

Exhaust pipe cools drivers cabin `


GOLDEN TRIANGLE OF CREATIVITY Innovations and traditional knowledge

Enterprise

Investment


Take away Finally, innovations are imperative, inclusion is inevitable and inertia is intolerable Seeds of impatience will thrive in the soil of sustainable experimentation we need Circular economy, social and ethical capital and entrepreneurial mindset Begin with past perfect to build credibility rather than future indefinite Grassroots innovation can transform, policy transformation can energize and open innovation models can connect


Agenda for action: • Educational innovation: recognizing innovative teachers, open source content for children, linking students with msme and informal sector • Social innovation fund, culture of and in creativity, redesigning District Innovation Fund, • Spending an hour a week with achievers of your department, learning and sharing


• Inclusive Innovation Fund needs to be set up for investing in young start ups • Every organization can harness creativity and innovation from with-in, but more importantly from outside—crowd sourcing


• Each person can be an innovator, unlock the locks we have put in place ourselves • Distributed knowledge is a reality: why not reciprocate idea givers better


Creativity counts Knowledge matters Innovations transform

Incentives inspire ( not just individual, but also collective, not just material, but also non-material) the Honey Bee Network is yours ! For rewarding indigenous creativity and innovation www.techpedia.in, www.sristi.org, www.nif.org.in anilgb@gmail.com


Reflexiones sobre Innovación Tecnología y Generación de Empresas  

Exposición del PhD. Anil Kumar Gupta, Professor of Indian Institute of Management, respecto al tema “Reflexiones sobre Innovación, Tecnologí...

Advertisement
Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you