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THE BESSE BUILDING


Pembroke College Record

1955-6


MASTER RONALD BUCHANAN McCALLUM, M.A.

FELLOWS Emeritus LIONEL EDGAR SALT, M.A., Emeritus DONALD GEORGE CECIL MACNABB, M.A., Senior Tutor and Lecturer in Philosophy ROBERT REYNOLDS MACINTOSH, M.A., D.M., Professorial CHARLES LESLIE WRENN, M.A., Vicegerent, Professorial CHARLES NEVILLE WARD-PERKINS, M.A., junior Tutor and Lecturer in Economics ROBERT FRANCIS VERE HEUSTON, M.A., Dean and Lecturer in Jurisprudence GEORGE RICHARD FREDERICK BREDIN, M.A., Bursar GODFREY WILLIAM BOND, M.A., Lecturer in Classics REV. COLIN MORRIS, M.A., Chaplain and Lecturer in Modern History HERBERT LIONEL DRAKE, M.A.,

REV. HERBERT STANLEY DEIGHTON, B.LITT., M.A.,

Lecturer in Modern History, Supernumerary Lecturer in Natural Science Lecturer in Modern History PIERS GERALD MACKESY, M.A., IRVINE ROBERT BROWNING, M.A., Lecturer in English Literature

JOHN RICHARD PERCIVAL O'BRIEN, B.SC., M.A.,

HONORARY FELLOWS RT. REV. GERALD BURTON ALLEN, D.D. VISCOUNT NUFFIELD, M.A., HON. D.C.L. SIR VINCENT WILBERFORCE BADDELEY, K.C.B., M.A. SIR JEREMY RAISMAN, G.C.I.E., K.C.S.I., M.A.

fudge of the High Court of justice HON. JAMES WILLIAM FULBRIGHT, M.A., HON. D.C.L., Senator of the U.S.A.

HON. SIR DONALD LESLIE FINNEMORE, M.A.,

SIR THOMAS PERCIVAL CREED, K.B.E., M.C., Q.C., M.A. THOMAS MALCOLM KNOX, M.A.,

Principal, St. Andrews University

PHILIP NICHOLAS SETON MANSERGH, B.LITT., M.A., D.PHIL. GODFREY DAVIES, M.A.


THE REV. DR. FREDERICK HOMES DUDDEN Master of Pembroke, 1918-55

M

Y memories of the late Master are confined entirely to the years between i1947—when 947—when I became a Fellow of Pembroke—and his death. It follows that I can say nothing about his life during its fullest and most active years. But no doubt all who knew him will have read by now the present Master's full and eloquent tribute, which deals in particular with Dudden's remarkable term of office as Vice-Chancellor —still the subject of admiring remarks by more senior members of the University. The sketch which follows is a purely personal one, founded on seven years' knowledge of one who was surely a very distinguished and lovable man. Nature had of course given him gifts which mark a man out for advancement in Oxford—learning, dignity, tact, honesty of character, and nobility of purpose. The possession of gifts such as these entitles a man to respect, and it is certain that Dudden evoked the respect of all who knew him. But many before him have been blessed with these gifts and won at the best admiration and at the worst fear. (In the history of this College alone, Francis Jeune was perhaps such a man.) What distinguished Dudden from all these was his capacity for winning the affection and loyalty of others—not only in Pembroke itself, but all through the University. What was it in his character which enabled him to do this ? It need hardly be said that anything in the nature of showmanship was abhorrent to him. He had been brought up in the happy days before it became usual for Oxford dons to attempt to ingratiate themselves with the public by writing for the popular press or appearing on television. I well remember his reaction to the news that the Vice-Chancellor of the day had found it necessary in the discharge of his duties to make an ascent by helicopter from the garden of his college. Dudden was too kindly a man to speak ill of anyone —and especially of one who was a member of the splendid brotherhood of heads of houses—but his baffled scorn was wonderful to behold. The only satisfactory explanation he could find for the occurrence was the fact that the offender


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was not an Englishman. Perhaps his main characteristic—it was certainly one which struck all who met him for the first time—was his courtesy. A courteous man is one who has an interest in and a regard for his fellows, and Dudden was keenly and deeply interested in other people. This came out in several ways. I think that I remember him most vividly on guest-nights. It did not matter whether the guest was a grandee (some visiting American politician, or the head of another college) or a nonentity—he was welcomed and made to feel at home. It was remarkable how quickly he was able to discover some common topic of conversation even with guests whose appearance and interests could not have been particularly congenial to him. His mastery of the highly civilized art of formal entertaining was a pleasure to watch. During the first course he would devote himself to the entertainment of the guest on his right hand—then, when the second course had been served, he would turn punctiliously to the guest on his left, and so on for the rest of the meal. It was not merely very agreeable in itself but also a pleasant surprise to those guests who in the past had dined only at colleges whose high table differed from a public restaurant only by reason of the fact that some of its members were on speaking terms with their neighbours. It was the same afterwards in the more intimate atmosphere of the Senior Common Room. Seated in the centre of the half-circle before the glowing fire, he made a fine figure, with his strong chin and noble head. He never attempted to direct the conversation into any particular direction, but those who were near him would, if they were wise, attempt to elicit some of his memories of oddities and scandals in the history of Oxford and the Church. When a good story had been told, he would give a chuckling laugh, and a gay sparkle would come into his eyes. (It is a pity that Mr. Andrew Freeth's sketch in the S.C.R. Parlour has not caught something of this vivacity: I do not think that I ever saw Dudden bored or listless, however dull the conversation.) His interest in his fellow men was matched by his consideration for them. This was particularly evident in his conduct of college business. He had views of his own, which on occasion he would express with surprising frankness and hold with almost ruthless tenacity, but he was scrupulous


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about ensuring that every member of the Governing Body had been given an opportunity of being heard. He never confused the functions of the head of a house with those of the headmaster of a school. He presided over meetings with remarkable skill, acumen, and serenity—however lengthy the discussion and however sharp its tone. This could not always have been easy for him, since the post-war years had brought some rather new and disturbing ideas into the college: it remained a united society but something of its former placidity had disappeared. Together with his skill as a chairman and the worldly wisdom of his own contribution at the end of the debate there went a curious and endearing naïveté in certain matters. 'What do the letters C.F. mean ?' he once asked apropos of a certain clergyman, to be answered by at least three voices in unison : 'Chaplain to the Forces, Master.' Again, when it had been decided to send a letter on any topic, he was apt to take up a quill pen and, looking round at the assembled Fellows with his most engaging smile, ask: `Well, what would you like me to say ?' The Senior Tutor and the Bursar would then, from either side, dictate in turn a series of sentences, which would be taken down carefully, in longhand. (All his correspondence was conducted with his own hand, just as he wrote his own books and constructed his own indexes.) He was, naturally, pleased and happy to be a successful and admired master of the College. But he never lost his essential kindliness and modesty. He made a splendid figure on any public occasion such as a Gaudy—his talent for afterdinner speaking, in particular, was remarkable—but, at any rate in later years, he viewed their onset with some repugnance. (Some of his success in life may have been due to the fact that he had the wisdom to husband his energies—he had not the temperament of the saint or the martyr, who works himself beyond the natural limit of his forces.) Yet when the evening came he would be in the best of spirits and enjoy himself as much as anyone. All present would leave at the end of the evening with the feeling that they had been fortunate to have known such a man. As an English scholar and a gentleman he will live for long in the memory of all who knew Oxford and Pembroke. R. F. V. HEUSTON


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RONALD BUCHANAN McCALLUM Master of Pembroke In the summer of 1955 the Fellows assembled in the chapel and unanimously elected Ronald Buchanan McCallum Master of the College, successor to the Rev. Dr. Frederick Homes Dudden, who had guided the College for the previous thirty-seven years. The new Master, the greater part of whose academic life has been, with occasional excursions, passed in Oxford, is known intimately or distantly by numerous men who have passed through Pembroke in the last three decades. He is particularly well known to some as a tutor and a friend and to others as Secretary and Treasurer of the College Society over the years 1936 to 1954. To him may be credited a number of Pembroke men, who in recent years have assumed eminence in the fields of history and politics in this country and abroad. He makes a break in the long line of clerics who have governed Pembroke from the days of Queen Anne and earlier, and may be he is the first Scotsman to take over the ruling of the College. With the resignation of Mr. Drake in 1949 he became Senior Tutor of the College, and with the retirement of Dr. Homes Dudden from active government of the College he became Vice-Master. He has therefore gathered, over a number of years, great experience in running the affairs of the College. He is a man well grounded in the history and tradition of Pembroke. The College has been his interest: he has watched its progress and knows its needs, and is strongly determined Pembroke shall not lag behind in modern developments and shall be well to the front in the fields of sport and learning. His Vice-Mastership was prophetic of his purpose—changes took place and are likely to continue. There have been the elections of Science Fellows, the first for fifty-odd years, quickly followed by those of History and English Fellows; other lectureships in modern and scientific subjects are in the offing. Changes there will be in Pembroke in the future, but all Pembroke men may be assured that under the guidance of the new Master they will do nothing but reinforce the individuality and unity of Pembroke. For Pembroke is very close to the


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new Master, and he is devoted to its welfare and at no loss for lively and imaginative suggestions for policy and always on the alert for anything that may be of benefit to the College. But in all his dealings, he is considerate: to the views of his colleagues, attentive and sympathetic; with the interests and achievements of the Undergraduates, well in touch and well informed. Outside the College he has gained his full share of Committee work, giving him a range of duties, from that of Trustee for the Union to that of Membership of the Visitorial Board. Under his active leadership Pembroke is entering a great constructive phase of expansion and consolidation, perhaps the most significant in its history. Distinctions by Member of the College We congratulate Professor Robert Macintosh on receiving the honour of Knighthood in the New Years Honours List. Since Sir Robert became the first person to hold a chair in Anaesthetics in Europe he has made notable contributions to the science of anaesthesia described in several valuable books he has written. Born at Timaru, New Zealand, and educated at Waitaki he came to England at the beginning of the First World War to join the Royal Flying Corps. As a pilot he was shot down and captured but made many daring efforts to escape. In 1939 he renewed his association with the Air Force when he was appointed Consultant in Anaesthetics and attained the rank of Air Commodore. Sir Robert has throughout his time as a Fellow of the College taken a keen interest in College affairs and especially in the medical side of the College. Amongst his other interests is the University Boxing Club of which he is President and to which this College has contributed several boxing blues. We also congratulate the following old members of the College on their receipt of honours : Butler, E. D. (1914), C.B.E., 1955. Hamblen, H. J. (1919), C.B.E., 1955. Harger, G. P. (i931), O.B.E., 1954. Marshall, J. R. (1924), O.B.E., 1955. Quinn-Young, C. T. (1922), O.B.E., 1955. Honorary Fellowships Dr. Nicholas Mansergh, Smuts Professor of the History of the British Commonwealth at Cambridge was elected to an Honorary Fellowship in Michaelmas. Term 1954.


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Mr. Godfrey Davies of the Huntington Library, California, was elected to an Honorary Fellowship in Hilary Term 1955. Term '955. Both of our two new honorary fellows have made themselves eminent in historical studies. Dr. Mansergh is known for his two books on the Constitutional systems of Northern and Southern Ireland, for his book on Ireland in the Age of Revolution, and for his study of the coming of the great war of 19 1914. 14. He He served served during during the the war in the Ministry of Information, specializing in Commonwealth Relations on which he has published some notable works. After serving as Abe Bailey Research Professor for the Institute of International Affairs he was appointed to the new chair at Cambridge created in honour of their late Chancellor, FieldMarshal Smuts. He is also a Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge. Mr. Godfrey Davies came to the College as a Townsend Scholar from Chipping Campden and after graduating became an expert of English seventeenth-century history under the guidance of the late Sir Charles Firth. His publications in this field include the volume of the Oxford History, The Earlier Stuarts, 1603-60. He has recently published The Restoration of Charles II, 1658-60 1658-6o which is the completion of the famous work of S. R. Gardiner which stopped at 1656 and Firth continued to the death of Cromwell. Mr. Davies for many years past has been on the staff of the Huntington Library in California where he has assisted numerous scholars, British and American, in this field. Two new fellowships have been created. Mr. Piers G. Mackesy, Scholar of Christ Church and Robinson Senior Scholar of Oriel College, was elected to a Fellowship in Modern History. The College has now in the Rev. Colin Morris and Mr. Mackesy a strong and vigorous team to deal with the tuition in History. A new and happy venture was a lecturer in a modern subject. Mr. I. R. Browning, Demy of Magdalen College and Research Fellow of Merton, joined the College as Fellow in English Literature. This fortunate appointment has removed another weakness in the teaching force of the College.


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The following academic distinctions by members of the College are noted: places in the First Class in Honour Classical Moderations were won by W. Winterbottom and R. D. Carswell in 1945 1945 and and by by J. J. G. G. Snaith Snaith in in 1955. 1955. Mr. Mr. Winterbottom has since been awarded the Craven Scholarship in 1955. Mr. J. I. Hubbard was placed in the First 1 954• Class in the Final Honour School School of of Physiology Physiology in in 1954. Mr. A. D. S. Fowler, a student for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, has been elected to a Research Fellowship at Queen's College in English Literature. ADMISSIONS INTO THE COLLEGE Old members may be interested to know some of the problems now facing those responsible for the admission of commoners into the College; some indeed may be anxious to know how their children are placed should they wish to come to Pembroke. The first point to stress stress is that that the the pressure pressure to obtain admission to the College is very high indeed. Some figures period 1 I September 1954 to 1 I September for the period September 1955 illustrate this. 8i people During this period 81 people were were offered places largely for October 1955 and 1957. Of these s5 refused the place offered, 16 were scholars scholars and and exhibitioners, exhibitioners,and andIitI were a miscellaneous group consisting of Rhodes Scholars, mature students, students, Colonial ColonialService Serviceprobationers, probationers,&c., &c., leaving so commoners. Total applications for places as commoners, including those who applied through our scholarship examinaso that that only only 11 in in 12 tions, were over 600, so 12 candidates candidates were were successful. This pressure has in no way diminished during the last year and indeed all the evidence suggests that it will increase. Even as an exercise in administration this flood provides its difficulties. Every application had to be scrutinized and the more promising sent admission forms (this procedure is for ordinary commoner admission). The more promising of these were then invited to attend our December or March examination or were directed to our scholarship examinations. The figures for this weeding-out were roughly 35o;


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of which '15 ii5 were were sent forms and 59 examined (plus 22 22 competing through our scholarships). Then there is the burden of examinations. In this period we examined 131 boys in various scholarship examinations in addition to our 59 commoner candidates and finally the difficult decision of weighing the academic ability (in different subjects) of a number of candidates against other qualifications and the general balance of subjects in the College. Moreover, though the final decision rests with the Admissions Committee (the Master and two Tutors), obviously they cannot disregard the advice of their colleagues, especially the person who will have to direct the candidate's academic studies. Clearly we do not pretend that we always make the right decision in such difficult circumstances. We can claim that we spend a great deal of time and trouble over the process. Some may think that we rely too much on formal examination when the evidence of the G.C.E. and the testimony of the school master should be sufficient. But on this basis there would be no choice choice between between at at least least iiso so of our candidates who have two subjects at Advanced level and are apparently held in high esteem by their school masters. Indeed, the testimonial is rapidly losing most of its usefulness, for even where the school master is more than usually candid, it scarcely seems fair to the boy to penalize him for another's conscientiousness. Again, do we give sufficient weight to those imponderables, Character and Personality ? The answer is that we do try to assess these in our interviews and, of course, like all others consider our judgement in this respect to be excellent. But I should like to make two points here. Character is not by itself enough to face the formidable task of an Oxford Honour School. And secondly, application to one's books is in itself an indication of that valuable attribute determination, while a genuine interest in the proposed course of study is evidence of purposefulness and alertness. Too often boys we interview appear to have acquired none of this at school or manage to conceal it from us. We have no intention of filling the College with narrow `swots' but good College men take their work seriously,


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though we are glad to say that the majority of our present undergraduate population shows a healthy disinclination to work on a fine summer afternoon and certainly does not confine its interest solely to its books. I am afraid that this assessment of the situation may sound discouraging to those old members who have a personal interest in Admission. However, the Admissions Committee does give extra-special attention to the claims of old members especially in allowing these candidates to be examined, but rightly they feel that their claims must stand the test of comparison with those of other applicants. We are always ready to give advice on matters of procedure and in this way we can assist. I hope that this brief assessment shows old members that our task is not an easy one. C. N. WARD-PERKINS, Tutor for Admissions

PEMBROKE REVISITED The 1954 issue of the Record contained an account of a tour of the buildings by an imaginary but observant former member of the College who noted and described the changes which he could see after an absence dating from the last publication. Let us picture him once more as he reappears in Oxford after a two-year tour of duty in Teheran or Timbuctu. Turning into Beef Lane from the west (for we must compel his taxi to proceed from the station by way of St. Ebbe's) his eyes will light at once on the three-storied Clipsham stone elevation of the Besse Building which he had before seen only as a bare shell and which has now for two years housed ten undergraduates and a Fellow. The high standard of its construction and amenities are the envy of many colleges and yet it is not without interest to record that when the time comes for second-year scholars to exercise their choice of rooms the ones in the Besse Buildings are no more popular than those on the first floor of the two quadrangles, the atmosphere of whose ancient walls can well hold its own against the amenities of handbasins, showers, and modern furnishing.


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Before entering through the Lodge our visitor must note the reconditioned Annexe in Pembroke Street whose handsome Georgian front, shining in cream and green, now reflects welcome light into the front rooms of St. Aldate's Rectory opposite. Taking one more look round the outside of the College walls he will see that the entire eastern elevation of the Master's Lodging has been scrubbed clean of grime and soot and shows the full beauty of its sixteenth-century stonework. Nor is Pembroke content to cleanse the outside only of the cup and platter, for the rooms and corridors of the Lodging have been redecorated throughout. Remembering the removal of the ivy from the Chapel wall our visitor will no doubt glance somewhat nervously to his left as he enters the new quadrangle to see that the freshly exposed stonework has mellowed in colour and that the worn capitals of the central columns have been restored. Within he may see that the many-coloured carpet which for so many years shrouded the marble floor has been replaced by a golden yellow runner along the altar step. If he has the curiosity to open the eighteenth-century prayer-books in the Master's and Vicegerent's stalls he will observe that these have been skilfully restored in pages and covers and are now fit for another 200 years of Chapel services. The polished tops of the tables in Hall shine as brightly as ever as they reflect the colours of the New War Memorial windows which, after many delays, were at last installed in 1955. The upper lights contain the flags of the fighting services and the coats of arms of King James, the Earl of Pembroke, and our co-founders. Below, flanked by the royal emblems of George VI, are reproductions of the badges of the regiments in which served the Pembroke men who lost their lives. The modern glass glows with fresh colour in contrast to the somewhat dingy Victorian windows alongside. If our visitor arrives after the end of the Trinity Term he will find workmen busy demolishing the old buttery offices and nondescript rooms beneath them which are to be replaced, in the course of the Long Vacation, by new offices for the Manciple and his staff with an undergraduates' beer cellar on the ground floor and above them a large new


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dining-room destined for use by College Societies, Fellows' dinner parties, and others. Memories of his own wintry expeditions across two frozen quadrangles to the bathrooms at the eastern extremity of the College will no doubt crowd in upon him as, on entering the Old Master's House, he sees that a set of rooms has been sacrificed to provide a row of showers and handbasins for the use of the tenants of rooms in that building and the neighbouring quadrangle. From there he may descend a staircase and enter one of the cellars now converted into a music room in which has been installed a piano purchased by the Junior Common Room aided by a grant from the College. Returning into the Chapel quadrangle he makes for the Lodge pausing only to notice the roses along the eastern wall presented to us by an American benefactress. As he emerges on to the cobbles of Pembroke Square he may well be reflecting whether the rising standards and improved amenities may not in fact be changing the character of the College he once knew. He may set his mind at rest. Pembroke remains the same cheerful friendly place, full of pride in its past and faith in its future, and inspiring in all who really know it an abiding loyalty to its community and to its traditions. G. R. F. BREDIN Bursar

THE COLLEGE SOCIETY The Honorary Secretary has been asked by several members the cost of replacing their names on the College books. This question has been kindly answered by the Bursar: The cost of replacing a name on to the College books is 1 . os. od. The cost of keeping it there is Its. od. a term, of which 6s. 8d. goes to the University and 5s. 4d. to the College. In the case of an M.A., however, these terminal dues are only payable if he matriculated before 1936. All M.A.s who matriculated after that year are life members and pay no further dues to the College or University.'


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OBITUARIES Allen, Rt. Rev. G. B. (19 to), 27 March 1956. Bowles, Rev. J. E. (1897), 23 May 1956. l, D. (1899), 19 August 1954. Campbl Close, E. G. (1921), 19 October 1955. Craik H. D. (1893), 27 March 1955. Evans, W. D. (1922), 26 June 1954. Fox, G. D. (1902), 23 December 1954. Ingrams, L. S. (1919), 3o August 1953. Millen, W. B. (1908), 9 March 1956. Muntz, R. A. (1890), 19 August 1955. Nortje, P. le F. (1905), 9 April, 19.55. Outhwaite, F. 0. (1912), November 1953. Phillips, Rev. Canon E. J. (1893), March 1953. Richardson, P. N. (1894), 7 May 1956. Seccombe, L. S. (1922), 25 January 1955. Trotter, Rev. J. R. (1903), August 1954. Wilberforce-Bell, H. (1904), 26 January 1956. Winnifrith, Rev. D. P. (1898), 24 August 1955.

COLLEGE SOCIETIES Nuffield Society With the growth in numbers of Pembroke men reading Science, a need was felt for some college organization for their interests, and after much thought and discussion an inaugural meeting was held on 3 November 1954. Here it was proposed to call this organization the Nuffield Society, if Viscount Nuffield, Honorary Fellow and generous benefactor of the College, approved, and to hold meetings after the fashion of other college clubs, though not of a 'faculty' nature. At the second meeting on 7 February 1955, it was announced that Lord Nuffield had consented to the use of the proposed title. The business of the evening was a talk by a member, Mr. M. A. Rucklidge, on 'A Journey through North America'. This was illustrated with coloured slides and was a most interesting account of his travels across America and Canada to climb in the Rocky Mountains.


Sport and General Press

THE REV. DR. F. HOMES DUDDEN MASTER (1918-1955)


Russell-Photo R. B. McCALLUM THE MASTER


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is

On 3 March a Sherry party was held to mark the conferring of a Knighthood on Professor Sir Robert Macintosh. The next meeting was intended to take the form of a Garden Party to enable Lord Nuffield to meet members of the Society, but the elements were unkind and this was transformed into a Tea-party in the Senior Common Room (by kind permission of the Master and Fellows). At subsequent meetings members heard about an Antarctic expedition from Mr. C. W. M. Swithinbank, and a description of a tour of Yugoslavia by Mr. R. P. Ellis, both members of the Society. 'Nuclear Power' was the title of a talk given by Mr. G. W. K. Ford, of Harwell, a Nuclear Engineer and British representative at the Geneva Conference. The first year of the Society's existence was brought to a splendid and scientific close with a Wine-Tasting meeting; the professional touch was provided by two wine experts who came down from London especially to assist in the judging. The Society seems to be fulfilling a useful purpose, and this is the ultimate judgement; it is to be hoped that it may continue to do so, and eventually earn the respect and affection accorded to the more venerable college societies. The Collingwood Society Since the Collingwood's foundation in Trinity Term, 1954, it has met fifteen times for public business and heard three papers given by outside Fellows, ten given by members, and two symposia. Mr. MacNabb, Senior Member, gave the opening paper —a short biography of Collingwood and analysis of some of his arguments. F. H. Heinneman was the first guest to address the Society. His subject was 'Philosophical Faith'. Later J. P. Corbett spoke on 'Mystics and Empiricists' and Professor Price on 'Apparitions'. Members' subjects have included 'Russell's Philosophy', `Symbolic Logic', and `Novalis', as well as the traditional philosophic standbys, 'Truth', 'Free Will', &c. Camden Society In recent terms the Society has developed an interest in what it calls 'fraction groups' and 'the patronage monopoly


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system', in the light of which it is determined that all history shall be rewritten. Some still yearn for the Middle Ages or enthuse about obscure branches of industrial progress; but papers perpetually tend towards the seventeenth century. However, the catholicity of the Society's tastes has been maintained largely by outside speakers. For after the Society's dinner last term Professor Gibbs discoursed on air power in World War II, this term we have been given a glimpse of the connexion between archaeology and history by Sir Leonard Woolley and two weeks later we considered with Canon Jenkins the question of 'What is history and can it be written ?' Blackstone Society The Society continues to meet three or four times in the winter terms, and now also has a programme in the Trinity Term. Discussions by eminent lawyers on the two branches of the profession, indicating the various opportunities for practising, provide the main fare. Moots, on common law subjects, are argued both internally and also with other colleges. An enjoyable feature continues to be the annual dinner in the Hilary Term, the guests at which have been over the past two years Mr. Kenneth Diplock, Q.C. (as he then was), and Mr. L. J. Hodson.

Sir Thomas Browne Society The Sir Thomas Browne Society has spent the last year quietly as the result of the lack of J.C.R. funds. The previous year saw the production of a highly polished revue by Brian Bevan, in the College J.C.R.: a venture shared with New College. In the summer of 1955 a small production of Under the Sycamore Tree was devised by Martin Henry in the Fellows' Garden. This was well received, though rather less well attended. This year, with the exception of a private Cabaret evening, which swelled to an astonishing size, the Society has concentrated on recouping for a possible production next year. The pleasant succession of play readings goes on undisturbed.


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The Johnson Society The Society has followed its usual custom of meeting three times a term on Sunday evenings for port and learned discussion. The subjects discussed have been as various as they were learned, and ranged from Mr. Adlam's somewhat sympathetic portrait of Bahkunin, an obscure Russian anarchist, to Mr. Bellringer's excellent paper on Mrs. Virginia Woolf, though naturally the majority tended to have a literary bias. Among the more controversial papers, Mr. Lugar's very plausible defence of Senator Macarthy deserves mention as does Mr. Howell's plea for the recognition of the Welsh Theatre. Both received a somewhat hostile reception from members of the Society, who were not at all sure that Macarthy was merely over-enthusiastic or that the Welsh could really appreciate the Theatre even if they were to have one. Of the other activities the annual croquet match against the S.C.R. was not held since the Society felt that it would be fighting 'outside its weight'. However, a match against the Addison Society of Queen's College was held and was, of course, won by the Society. The annual dinner was held on the last Friday of the Trinity Term and broke up in disorder shortly after i 2 o'clock. Heywoode Society Papers on a wide range of topics have been read, including: 'A Discourse on Singing', 'The Violin through the Ages', on `Grieg', and 'Opera'. Activities have included a Victorian evening, and last summer a recital of sacred music was given in the Chapel by Miss Eirwen Mathias (soprano), Mr. Trevor Prichard (bass), and Mr. Gerald Smith, our College organ scholar. The Society is proud to have secured, after repeated attempts, a music room and piano for the use of everybody in the College. The Society now possesses a gramophone which is used to illustrate talks and to enable members to enjoy their own records at any time. The Society's Manuscript book contains `Heywoode's Huffe' an olde foxetrotte composed by two members of the Society, Mr. Barnes and Mr. Winter. The Huffe is performed at the end of every informal concert.


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The Beaumont Society In the Trinity Term of 1955 papers were given by Mr. Trevor Messenger on 'Gerald Manley Hopkins' and Mr. Robert Side on 'Horror Comics'. In the following term Mr. Michael Parkinson introduced the Society to 'Thomas Lovell Beddoes', Mr. Richard Greenfield spoke on 'Celtic Mythology', and Mr. Gospatrick Home on `Rudyard Kipling'. The Beaumont is a society in which every member is encouraged to take an active part. Most members by the end of their second year have delivered a paper, and seldom is anyone unable to contribute something of value to the discussion. PEMBROKE COLLEGE J.C.R. 1956-7 1955-6 President: D. J. Arnold. President: R. G. Lugar. Secretary: R. G. Limbrick. Secretary: B. Sparrow. The J.C.R. continues to buy pictures whose merits or demerits cause perpetual controversy. We still debate and remain undecided about whether or not we should affiliate to the National Union of Students. In fine weather bowls and croquet flourish in the New Quad, and throughout the year we look forward to the day when we will have a beer cellar. Among present members of college G. D. V. Van Rossum has a half-Blue for swimming, R. G. Lugar has one for basketball, R. Barrett, who is also secretary of the O.U.B.C., is a rowing Blue, G. B. Hall a boxing Blue, J. Metcalf an athletics Blue, and S. G. Metcalf 1956 played cricket for the University against the Australians.

THE EIGHTS' WEEK DANCE 1955 and 1956 Owing to the rearrangement of Eights' Week which now ends on a Saturday, for the past two years there has been a natural dispute between the Boat Club and the Dance Committee. This year a compromise was reached whereby the Dance started at 8 o'clock so that members of the Boat Club


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were able to stay until i i p.m. This obviously is not an ideal solution, but the best in the circumstances. It was certainly a heartening sight this year to see a smattering of rowing blazers, even though it was for a very short time. The 1955 Dance under the direction of Michael Bateman and Michael Burton-Brown was a great success both financially and otherwise, marred only by the rain which seems to have been quite a feature of the Dance in recent years. The 1956 Dance for some reason was even more successful than that of the previous year. For once the rain held off, which made it possible to dance on the outside floor. This year the latter, by the kind permission of the S.C.R., was held in the Fellows' Garden and proved a great success. Unfortunately a financial loss is expected. This is due to fewer members of the College buying tickets (which will surely be avoided next year ?) and to increased labour charges (which may have increased more by next year!). The remedy for this loss has not been decided upon yet; but a slight increase in the price of tickets may unfortunately be the result. The Dance Committee, however, are in an enviable position since the Dance has gained for itself an extremely good name both outside the College and the University—we can only hope it remains so. SPORTS CLUBS ROWING Captain: D. C. M. Prichard, Trinity 1 954• W. I. Washbrook, Michaelmas 1954. Secretary: J. M. Roe, Trinity 1954. I. M. Walker, Michaelmas 1954—Hilary 1 955. R. S. Chivers, Hilary 1955. Eights First VIII started thirteenth and finished sixteenth. Second VIII started thirteenth and finished thirty-fourth. Third VIII made two bumps and finished sixty-third. Fourth VIII started sixty-sixth and finished sixty-eighth.


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Henley D. C. M. Prichard stroked the Isis IV in the Wyfold Challenge Cup.

U.B.C. Challenge Pair Oars, Michaelmas 1954 O. O.U.B.C. J. P. Hindle and D. C. M. Prichard entered and were beaten by Christ Church II in the first round. Trial Eights, Michaelmas 1954 J. P. Hindle rowed bow in 'Y' Crew. Torpids 1955 The First Torpid lost three places and finished nineteenth. The Second Torpid made three bumps and finished thirtythird.

11955-6 955-6 I. Washbrook, Washbrook, Trinity 1955. Captain: Captain: W. W. I. R. S. Chivers, Michaelmas 1956. Secretary: R. S. Chivers, Trinity 1955. D. J. Arnold, Michaelmas 1956. Eights First VIII started sixteenth and finished eighteenth. Second VIII started thirty-fourth and finished thirtyeighth. Third VIII started sixty-second and finished fifty-ninth. Regattas College crews competed at Wallingford, Reading, Marlow, and Henley Royal Regattas.

O.U.B.C. O. U.B.C. Coxswainless Fours, Michaelmas 1955 After winning the first two rounds, the College Four was beaten by Merton by 1.3 sec. in the semi-finals. O.U.B.C. Challenge Pair Oars, Michaelmas 1955 J. P. Hindle and R. S. Chivers were beaten by Merton by 2.3 sec. in the finals.


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Novice Fours, Michaelmas 1955 The College Four was easily successful in the first round, the semi-final, and the final. Trial Eights, Michaelmas 1955 J. P. Hindle rowed bow in 'A' crew. R. Barrett rowed rowed 77 in 'B' crew. Torpids 1956 The First Torpid made one bump and finished eighteenth. The Second Torpid made four bumps and finished twenty-ninth. University Boat Race R. Barrett rowed at 5 in the Oxford Boat. The Head of the River Race J. B. Hindle rowed at 7 and R. S. Chivers at stroke in the Isis crew. CRICKET

1'954-5 954-5 Captain: M. Burton-Brown. Secretary: C. G. Adlam. Matches Although there was a preponderance of drawn games, Pembroke enjoyed a successful season. We drew an exciting match with Pembroke College, Cambridge, at home, while at Cambridge we lost a good game against Trinity Hall by five wickets. The tour to Somerset, Dorset, and Devon during the long vacation was highly successful. Pembroke won 3, drew 1, and lost 2 of of its matches. During the term, S. G. Metcalf played several times for the University, while M. Venables, M. Burton-Brown, and R. M. Barclay all played for the Authentics.


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PEMBROKE COLLEGE 1955-6 Captain: M. Venables. Secretary: J. C. Taskes.

Matches Despite poor weather, the Club enjoyed a successful season. There were several exciting finishes in which the fast scoring of M. Venables more than once brought victory. On tour in Somerset and Devon, Pembroke won two, drew one, and lost two of its matches. S. G. Metcalf was twelfth man in the Varsity match, while M. Venables, M. Burton-Brown, W. Sale, and J. C. Taskes all played for the Authentics. ASSOCIATION FOOTBALL

1 954-5 Captain: G. F. Butler. Secretary: L. H. Peach. League Matches Won 5, drawn 2. Champions of Division III, promoted to Division II. Cuppers 1953 Beat Hertford 3-2 in extra time of the first replay. Lost to St. Edmund Hall, the eventual winners, by 0-4 in the first round proper of the competition. B. R. Manthorp and J. Gabay played regularly for the Centaurs. 1955-6 Captain: L. H. Peach. Secretary: S. T. Shipley. League Matches Won 5, lost 2. Finished third in Division II. Cuppers Lost in the first round to Jesus, o—i. J. Gabay has been playing regularly for the Centaurs.


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HOCKEY

1 954-5 Captain: B. R. Manthorp. Secretary: D. R. G. Andrews. Matches Won 7, lost 8, drawn 1. Cuppers Lost to Wadham, 1-4, in the first round. B. R. Manthorp has been playing for the Occasionals. 1955-6 Captain: D. R. G. Andrews. Secretary: A. F. Stirratt. Matches Won 4, drawn 2, lost 8. K. Brown, W. F. Sale, and R. D. Vernon have played for the Occasionals. Cuppers Lost to University, 0-4, in the first round. ATHLETICS

1 954-5 Captain: 0. G. Dickson. Secretary: M. C. Whitwell, Hilary—Michaelmas 1 954J. Metcalf, Hilary 1955. Cross-country Cuppers Pembroke finished ninth. In a match between six teams Pembroke finished second. Relay Cuppers Pembroke were second in the 4 x 1oo yards in Division II.


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Cuppers 1955 Pembroke were placed fourth in a close heat of six. In the Hilary Term Pembroke defeated St. Catherine's in a full Athletic Match by 6 points. J. Metcalf was awarded a Blue and elected to the Achilles Club. J. Winch was elected to the Tortoise Club. 1955-6 Captain: 0. G. Dickson. Secretary: J. Winch. Trinity Term 1955 Pembroke (with help from Oriel) defeated Oxford City A.C. in a full Athletic Match. J. Metcalf was elected Secretary of the Centipede Club. J. Winch was elected to the Centipede Club. Michaelmas Term 1955 Pembroke finished ninth in Cross-country Cuppers. Hilary Term 1956 ilthletics Cuppers Pembroke were third in Heat I, which was won by Lincoln. O.U.L.C. Sports J. Metcalf won the 220 Yards Hurdles, also the Ioo Yards and 220 Yards events. J. Winch was third in the Three Miles and fifth in the One Mile. R. Van Rossum was third in the 1 oo Yards. RUGBY FOOTBALL

1 954-5 Captain: A. D. MacLennan. Secretary: J. C. Taskes. League Matches 1954 Won 5, lost 2, drawn o. Points: for 107, against 33.


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Owing to the First Division matches cancelled on account of floods, League positions are unchanged, and Pembroke remain in Division II. Cuppers 1955 Lost to Lincoln in the first round, 3-9. Other Matches Won 8, lost 2, drawn drawn o. o. Points Points:: for for 13o, against 43. 1955-6 Captain: M. D. Stott (retd.), R. Dee. Secretary: K. A. Brown. League Matches 1955 Won 1, lost 6, drawn o. Points: for 27, against 82. A poor season, accentuated by a spate of injuries at the beginning. With Balliol, Pembroke dropped to Division III. Cuppers Lost to Lincoln in the first round, 3-16. Other Matches for 112, 112, against 127. Points:: for Won 7, lost 3, drawn 1. Points

LAWN TENNIS 1 954 Captain: R. C. Stopford. Secretary: D. R. W. Wood.

League Matches Won 2, lost 4. Finished fourth in Division II. Cuppers Lost to St. John's in the third round, having defeated Hertford and Jesus in the preceding rounds. Other Matches Won 1, lost 2. The two defeats were in the annual matches against Trinity Hall, and Pembroke College, Cambridge.


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PEMBROKE COLLEGE 1955 Captain: J. Captain: J. J. Handler. Handler. Secretary: 0. G. D. Goldfinch.

League Matches Won o, lost 7. Finished last in Division II. Cuppers Lost to Jesus Jesus 4-5 in in the the first first round. Other Matches Won o, lost 3.

SQUASH RACKETS 1955 1 955 Captain: R. H. Milnes. Secretary: S. G. Metcalf. League Matches Won 4, lost 1. Finished first in Division III; promoted to Division II. Cuppers Beat Balliol 3-2 and Jesus 4-1, lost to Lincoln in the third round o—s. Other Matches Won 8, lost 8. 1956 Captain: S. G. Metcalf. Secretary: F. Sale. Sale. Secretary:VV. W. F. League Matches Won 1, lost 4. Finished last in Division II, having been promoted from Division III last year. Cuppers Beat Keble 4-1 and Corpus 3-2; lost to Worcester (the ultimate winners) 0-5. o-5.


27 PEMBROKE COLLEGE Other Matches Won 9, lost 2. M. Burton-Brown and S. G. Metcalf have both played for the Squirrels.

SWIMMING 1 955 Captain: G. D. V. Van Rossum. Secretary: G. W. Hill.

Water Polo Pembroke finished eleventh in the League. In Cuppers Pembroke beat University 4-1, but lost to St. John's 1-3 in the second round. Swimming Pembroke finished fourth in the League. G. D. V. Van Rossum was awarded a Half-blue for Swimming, and G. W. Hill represented the 'Dolphins' on several occasions. 1956 Captain: G. D. V. Van Rossum. Secretary: G. W. Hill. Water Polo League Matches Pembroke won all its matches and finished fifth. Water Polo Cuppers Pembroke won the cup for the first time since 1921, beating B.N.C. 2-0, Christ Church 4-2, Keble 8—o, Corpus 4—o, and Exeter 6-2. Swimming League Pembroke were League Champions. Swimming Cuppers Pembroke were runners-up in the final to University, who beat them by one point.


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TABLE-TENNIS CLUB

1 954-5 Captain: J. Otway. Secretary: W. J. Halliday. Cuppers 1955 Pembroke reached the semi-finals where they lost 0-9 to St. Edmund Hall. League Matches Pembroke entered two teams in the First and Third Divisions respectively. Played 12, won 4, lost 8. 1955-6 League Matches 1955 Pembroke entered one team in the First Division and finished fifth. Played 6, won 1, drew 3, lost 2. Cuppers 1956 After a bye we beat Wadham and Christ Church to reach the semi-finals, where we were beaten 1-5 by New College.

BOXING

1 954-5 Graham Hall and R. G. Raymond have represented the University on several occasions. 1955-6 Graham Hall represented the University against Cambridge University.


Profile for Pembroke College, Oxford

Pembroke College Record (Oxford), 1955-1956  

Pembroke College Record (Oxford), 1955-1956  

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