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My Favorite 5 Dog Breeds



eed r B og D 5 te i r o av F y M Golden


Cavalier King Charles

Great Dane (Danua)



Pelin Atan Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

dog and best bitch, for dogs of the variety seen in King Charles II’s time. The following is a quotation taken from Cruft’s catalogue: “As shown in he Cavalier King Charles Spaniel of today the pictures of King Charles II’s time, long face, is the direct descendant of the small Toy no stop; flat skull, not inclined to be domed and Spaniels seen in so many of the pictures of with the spot in the centre of the skull.” the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. Toy Spaniels were quite common as pets of the Court ladies The King Charles breeders did not take these in Tudor times but in this country it was under classes very seriously. They had worked hard for the Stuarts that they were given the Royal title of years to do away with the long nose, so it was King Charles Spaniels. History tells us that King hardly a popular move. Gradually, as the big Charles II was seldom seen without two or three prizes came to an end, only a few enthusiasts or more at his heels. were left to carry on the breeding experiment. As time went by, and with the coming Foremost amongst them was Mrs Hewitt Pitt. At of the Dutch Court of William III, Toy the end of five years little had been achieved, as Spaniels went out of fashion, being the Kennel Club considered that the dogs were replaced in popularity by the Pug dog not sufficiently numerous or standardised to with the little black page in attendance. merit a separate breed registration. We do not hear much about Toy Spaniels again until the 18th and 19th cenIn 1928 a club was founded, and the title “Cavturies. At that time the special strain alier King Charles Spaniel” was chosen. At the of red and white Toy Spaniels bred first meeting, held the second day of Cruft’s Dog at Blenheim Palace by the Dukes of Show, 1928, the standard of the breed was drawn Marlborough were well known for their up, and it was practically the same as it is tosporting qualities, as well as for their day. The live pattern on the table was Ann’s Son, claims as ladies’ companions. the property of Miss Mostyn Walker. Members brought all the reproductions of pictures of the In the early days there were no dog shows, 16th, 17th and 18th centuries that they could and no recognised standard of points, so type muster. It was agreed that as far as possible the and size were very varied. With little transport dog should be guarded from fashion and there available, breeding was carried out in a haphazwas to be no trimming. ard fashion. In Queen Victoria’s reign breeders For the next few years progress was slow as started to hold shows and enthusiasts began to Kennel Club recognition was still withheld, and breed dogs seriously, and to a desired type. This with no Challenge Certificates few people were brought a new fashion; dogs with a shorter face sufficiently interested to try to raise a breed with gradually evolving the flat face of the modern no sales value. The little band of pioneers entered King Charles Spaniels. There were a lot of very their dogs in Open classes at shows, and guaranable breeders at that stage, and they were sucteed classes for their dogs at a few shows where cessful in breeding dogs of the highest quality, the Show Secretaries were co-operative. As a rule with flat faces, high dome, and with very long there was no financial reward, but the dogs were ears set low. This type is still popular and a very presented to the public and gained in popularity. lovely breed. Gradually people became aware that the movement had come to stay. Then Mr Roswell Eldridge, an American and a great lover of Toy Spaniels, came over to England and was unpleasantly surprised to find that there were none of the little nosey spaniels left. He immediately set about trying to right this by offering prizes at Crufts for three years (it was later extended to five years) - £25 for the best



My Favorite 5 Dog Breeds Dalmatian


he Dalmatian is a large, strong, muscular dog. The skull is about as wide as it is long, and flat on the top. The muzzle is about the same length as the top of the skull. The stop is moderate but well defined. The nose can be black, brown (liver), blue or a dark gray that looks like black. The teeth meet in a scissors bite. The medium-sized round eyes are brown, blue or a combination of both. The ears are set high, hanging down, gradually tapering to a rounded tip. The chest is deep. The base of the tail is level with the topline and tapers to the tip. The feet are round with arched toes. Toenails are white and/ or black in black-spotted dogs and brown and/ or white in liver-spotted dogs. The short coat has fine dense hairs. The symmetrical coat is predominantly white with clearly defined round spots. The spots can be black or brown (liver) which are the preferred colors in the show ring, but can also be, lemon, dark blue, tricolored, brindled, solid white or sable. Not all of these colors are accepted into the show ring, but they do occur in the breed. The more defined and well distributed the markings are, the more valued the dog is to the show ring. Puppies are born completely white and the spots develop later. Dalmatians were bred to run under or alongside horse-drawn carriages and therefore have a vast amount of stamina and energy. They do not like to sit around all day with nothing to do. They are playful, happy, easy going and very dedicated. The Dalmatian needs a lot of leadership along with human companionship in order to be happy. They will not do well left out in the yard all day and have been known to dig crater-size holes when done so. The Dalmatian enjoys playing with children, but if they do not receive enough mental and physical exercise they may become high-strung, and too excitable for a small child. This buildup of energy causes their minds to become unstable and they can become timid without enough socialization. They get along well with other pets, but without proper human to dog alpha communication where the human clearly tells the dog that he is not in charge and fighting is an unwanted behavior, they may become aggressive with strange dogs. Quite intelligent, but can be willful if they sense their owners

are in the slightest bit meek or passive, and/or if the owner is not properly communicating with the dog. Generally does well with firm, consistent training. The Dalmatian is trainable to a high degree of obedience. They can be trained for defense and are good watchdogs. Half of the people who adopt a Dalmatian puppy do not keep them past the first year. Young Dalmatians are very energetic, and need a tremendous amount of leadership and exercise. If you give them what they instinctually need, daily walks where the dog is made to heel beside or behind the human, never in front of the person holding the lead, and very stern, but not harsh leadership, they will make a wonderful pet and will calm down after a few years. People who keep them long enough to get past their active stage tend to be very pleased. If you are thinking about adopting a Dalmatian puppy be sure you have the time, are authority driven and have the energy for them. If you cannot provide this for them they will become very high strung, hard to manage and destructive. If you are a very active person who has the time, and knows what it means to be a pack leader then a Dalmatian may be right for you.


Pelin Atan Beagle


he Beagle is a sturdy, hardy little hound dog that looks like a miniature Foxhound. The body is squarely-built while the skull is fairly long and slightly domed. The square muzzle is straight and medium in length. The large eyes are brown or hazel and are set well apart. The wide, pendant ears are low set and long. The black nose is broad with full nostrils. The feet are round and firm. The tail is set moderately high and never curled over the back. The coat is of medium length, close, hard, sleek and easy to care for. Any hound-type of coloring is acceptable including lemon, tricolor, black and tan, red and white, orange and white or lemon and white, blue tick and red tick. Beagles have a distinct howl / bay of a bark when they are on the hunt. Video Clip of a Beagle’s Baying Bark.


The Beagle is loving, sweet and gentle, happy to see everyone, greeting them with a wagging tail. It is sociable, brave and intelligent. The Beagle is excellent with children and generally good with other dogs, but because of its hunting instincts, should not be trusted with non-canine pets, unless socialized with cats and other household animals when young. Beagles have minds of their own. They are determined and watchful and require patient, firm training. It is important you are this dog’s pack leader and that you provide the proper amount of mental and physical exercise, including daily pack walks, to avoid separation anxiety. With enough exercise they will be calm. You can also purchase animal scents and play tracking games with your Beagle to help satisfy its instinct to track. The Beagle does not have a normal sounding bark, but rather a loud bay cry that almost sounds like a short howl. Beagles are curious and have a tendency to follow their noses. If they pick up a scent they may wander off and not even hear you calling them back, or care to listen, as they will be too busy trying to find the critter at the other end. Take care when letting them off leash that you are in a safe area. Beagles that are allowed to be pack leaders over their humans can develop a varying degree of behavior issues, including, but not limited to, guarding, obsessive barking, snapping, biting and destructive behaviors when left alone. These are

My Favorite 5 Dog Breeds not Beagle traits, but rather behaviors brought on by lack of leadership and/or exercise from their humans. The behaviors can be corrected when the dog’s instincts are met. The first Beagles date back to the 1500s. English hunters would take packs of these dogs out on the hunt tracking rabbits, hare, pheasant, quail and other small animals. The breed probably originated as a cross between the Harrier and other types of English hounds. The dogs have since become one of the most popular breeds in the USA. The breed can hunt alone, in pairs or in packs. The name “Beagle” may have come from the French term “be’geule” which means “gape throat,” referring to the dogs baying voice. The name may also have come from the dog’s size, stemming from the French word “beigh,” the Old English word “begele,” or perhaps the Celtic word “beag,” which all mean “small.” He has also served as an excellent narcotics detection dog and makes a fine family companion. They were first recognized by the AKC in 1885.


As described by the American Kennel Club:


he Great Dane combines, in its regal appearance, dignity, strength and elegance with great size and a powerful, wellformed, smoothly muscled body. It is one of the giant working breeds, but is unique in that its general conformation must be so well balanced that it never appears clumsy, and shall move with a long reach and powerful drive.[3] The Great Dane is a short haired breed with a strong galloping figure.[ In the ratio between length and height, the Great Dane should be square. The male dog should not be less than 30 in (76 cm) at the shoulders, a female 28 in (71 cm). Danes under minimum height are disqualified. Great Danes of several coat types, from left to right: harlequin, black, brindle, blue and fawn From year to year, the tallest living dog is typically a Great Dane. Previous record holders include Gibson, Titan and George however the current record holder is a black Great Dane named Zeus who stands 112 cm (44 in) at the shoulder.[5] He is also the tallest dog on record (according Guinness World Records),[5] beating the previous holder who was a blue Great Dane named George, who stood 110 cm (43 in) at the shoulder.

times still done for traditional and cosmetic reasons. In the 1930s when Great Danes had their ears cropped, after the surgery two devices called Easter Bonnets were fitted to their ears to make them stand up.[8] Today, the practice is common in the United States but much less common in Europe. In some European countries such as the United Kingdom, Ireland, Denmark, Germany, parts of Australia, and in New Zealand, the prac-

tice is banned, or controlled to only be performed by veterinary surgeons.

A harlequin Great Dane puppy. There are six show-acceptable coat colors for Great Danes:[3] Fawn: The color is yellow gold with a black mask. Black should appear on the eye rims and eyebrows, and may appear on the ears. Brindle: The color is fawn and black in a chevron stripe pattern. Often also they are referred to as having a tiger-stripe pattern. Blue: The color is a pure steel blue. White markings at the chest and toes are not desirable and considered faults. Black: The color is a glossy black. White markings at the chest and toes are not desirable and considered faults. white and merle Danes is particularly controversial, as these colors may be associated with genes that produce deafness. Although they cannot be shown, white or merle Danes can usually still be registered as pedigree dogs.

The minimum weight for a Great Dane over eighteen months is 120 lb (54 kg) for males, 100 lb (45 kg) for females. [4][6] Unusually, the American Kennel Club dropped the minimum weight requirement from its standard.[7] The male should appear more massive throughout than the female, with a larger frame and heavier bone.[3] Great Danes have naturally floppy, triangular ears. In the past, when Great Danes were commonly used to hunt boars, cropping of the ears was performed to make injuries to the dogs’ ears less likely during hunts. Now that Danes are primarily companion animals, cropping is some-


Pelin Atan Golden Retriever

When pulled forward, tip of ear should just cover the eye. Low, hound-like ear set to be faulted. eneral Appearance Nose black or brownish black, though fading to A symmetrical, powerful, active dog, sound and well put together, not clumsy a lighter shade in cold weather not serious. Pink nose or one seriously lacking in pigmentation to nor long in the leg, displaying a kindly expresbe faulted. Teeth scissors bite, in which the outer sion and possessing a personality that is eager, alert and self-confident. Primarily a hunting dog, side of the lower incisors touches the inner side of the upper incisors. Undershot or overshot he should be shown in hard working condition. bite is a disqualification. Misalignment of teeth Overall appearance, balance, gait and purpose to be given more emphasis than any of his com- (irregular placement of incisors) or a level bite (incisors meet each other edge to edge) is undeponent parts. Faults--Any departure from the sirable, but not to be confused with undershot or described ideal shall be considered faulty to the overshot. Full dentition. Obvious gaps are seridegree to which it interferes with the breed s ous faults. purpose or is contrary to breed character.


Neck, Topline, Body Neck medium long, merging gradually into well laid back shoulders, giving sturdy, muscular appearance. No throatiness. Backline strong and level from withers to slightly sloping croup, whether standing or moving. Sloping backline, roach or sway back, flat or steep croup to be faulted. Body well balanced, short coupled, deep through the chest. Chest between forelegs at least as wide as a man s closed hand including thumb, with well developed forechest. Brisket extends to elbow. Ribs long and well sprung but not barrel Head Broad in skull, slightly arched laterally and lon- shaped, extending well towards hindquarters. gitudinally without prominence of frontal bones Loin short, muscular, wide and deep, with very little tuck-up. Slab-sidedness, narrow chest, lack (forehead) or occipital bones. Stop well defined but not abrupt. Foreface deep and wide, nearly as of depth in brisket, excessive tuck-up to be faultlong as skull. Muzzle straight in profile, blending ed. Tail well set on, thick and muscular at the base, following the natural line of the croup. Tail smooth and strongly into skull; when viewed in bones extend to, but not below, the point of hock. profile or from above, slightly deeper and wider Carried with merry action, level or with some at stop than at tip. No heaviness in flews. Removal of whiskers is permitted but not preferred. moderate upward curve; never curled over back nor between legs. Eyes friendly and intelligent in expression, medium large with dark, close-fitting rims, set well apart and reasonably deep in sockets. Color preferably dark brown; medium brown acceptable. Slant eyes and narrow, triangular eyes detract from correct expression and are to be faulted. No white or haw visible when looking straight ahead. Dogs showing evidence of functional abnormality of eyelids or eyelashes (such as, but not limited to, trichiasis, entropion, ectropion, or distichiasis) are to be excused from the ring. Ears rather short with front edge attached well behind and just above the eye and falling close to cheek. Size, Proportion, Substance Males 23-24 inches in height at withers; females 21½-22½ inches. Dogs up to one inch above or below standard size should be proportionately penalized. Deviation in height of more than one inch from the standard shall disqualify. Length from breastbone to point of buttocks slightly greater than height at withers in ratio of 12:11. Weight for dogs 65-75 pounds; bitches 55-65 pounds.


My Favorite Dog Breeds  

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