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Pei Pei Yang

Lehigh University

Bachelor of Arts in Architecture Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering

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“the nucleus of a fact is always rather simple, and indeed, the more simple a fact is, the more it is destined to clash with the events which it itself produces.� Aldo Rossi

Cover Photo:

Ascent

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ICA, Boston, MA 3


Spiral Descent 44

|

ICA, Boston, MA


Contents Generative Constraints

| 6

Connectivity and Emergence Subdividing Surface

| 8 | 14

Architectural Design

| 20

Installation and Sculptures

| 58

Reconnect Urban Response Coalescence

| 22 | 44 | 52

Sound-Reduction Wall Sculptures

| 60 | 62- 65

Resume

| 66

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6 6


Generative Constraints Through exploration of the different logic among individual elements, new material systems could be created. These systems may enable us to reinvent the way we link design, form and structure.

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Connectivity and Emergence Studio 1

2 Weeks

Individual Project

Fall 2011

Instructor: Prof. Hyun-Tae Jung

This project explores the relationship between individual cell and overall form. Through parametric design, a geometrical schema could emerge from the local connections between each unit.

Form

The basis of each individual unit is formed by folding a rectangular plane in halves twice, and cutting off the edge in three different angles.

Puncture holes for brads to connect refelected unit

Vary angles to create different sizes of openings

8


Parametrize

Compress mid points to create three dimentionality and subtle height diffrences

Each unit’s overall dimension remains constant, while its inner opening sizes and heights alter.

Reflect and overlap

9


To maintain the desired compressed angle of each unit, fishing line is tied to the back of the brads

Etch lines accentuate the three-dimensional faceting of the units

Accentuate

Connect

10

When two units in different compressed angles are connected, the tension between them create a natural curve within the overall form


Streamline Overall Form

Two density centers are created by organizing each unit’s apertures. A subtle rhythm results

Rhythm of Flow

Density

Time

Gaps between units are determined by the different compressed angles. Gaps decrease in the direction of flow

Direction of Flow Larger Gaps

Smaller Gaps 11


“when you start to look at variations in a field, difference is no longer isolated but forms emergent wholes not reducible to the sum of their parts.� Jesse Reiser + Nanako Umemoto

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72” x 25” Final Model Bristol Paper, Brads, Fishing Wire

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Sub-dividing Surface Studio 1

Individual Project

2 Weeks

Fall 2011

Instructor: Prof. Hyun-Tae Jung

A three-dimensional unit was created by subdividing a triangle and rearranging the divided elements. The resulting unit produces more threedimensional differentiation and a self-supported curved surface emerges.

Unit Derivation Transforming a 2-dimensional triangular plane into a 3-dimensional unit is made possible through manipulation of subdivided parts in space.

Rotate planes until only every other vertexes are connected

Subdivide through center

Triangular plane

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z y

x

Put in 3-dimensional space

Attach every other vertexes


Unit Formation Each unit is formed by three trignoal pyramids, with a slit in the center.

a 3D unit made with 2D planes

Extrude vertex towards centers

3D unit made with 3D units

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Tessellation The units are turned up-side-down alternately to create a seamless surface. Due to the unit’s faceted nature, a twisted link is formed when they are connected

“External tiling normally completes the object, refines it, and gives the building an ultimate blessing; yet covering ... pointed to another strategy, a kind of mobility that would never complete the building but keep it unfinished, always evolving.� Cecil Balmond

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Further Subdivision To reduce the change in curvature between rows, one big unit is further subdivided into four small units of equal size

Surface -> Structure The connected units create an inherent structure for the surface. The resulted layer of pattern establishes its own structural logic, and has the ability to continue growing

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32” x 32” Final Model Paper and Glue

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Architectural Design

Architectural design can be understood as an active practice of connecting elements. By engaging and interpreting distinct social, cultural and ethical concerns, isolated groups can be threaded together through the use of diagramatic expressions. These materialized connections have the potential to transform our perception of the world.

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378 Highway

Delaware River North PA Railroad

412 Highway

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North Side

South Side

Bethlehem Water Front Dvelopment Co-Recipient of 2013 Dale S. Strohl ‘58 Awards for Research Excellence in Humanities and Social Sciences A collaboration with Bowman Johns during “First Phase Development analysis”

Reconnect

Advisor: Prof. Hyun-Tae Jung

The connection between the Lehigh River and the Bethlehem local community has been severed since the departure of Bethlehem Steel. Although the Sands Casino and Steel Stacks have utilized the abandoned factories along Lehigh River, the river is still left vacant and unused. The development of the waterfront area is of vital importance to reconnect the North and the South Side both visually and culturally. A successfully designed waterfront park can attract residents from both sides and extend this impact stage by stage, eventually uniting the two.

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The Split

ANALYSIS

$135,335

Elm Street District

$252,065

Historic North Side South Downtown

$109,064 $125,004

Historic South Side

Average Price of Town House/ Attached Units Population Density/ Sq. Mile

12,309

4,445

15,493

23,376 24

Age Group Distribution

0 -19

0 -19

20 - 39

40-59 60-79 80+

20 - 39

40-59 60-79 80+

Historic Northside has the highest average housing price and the lowest populastion density. Its age group distribution, shows that a large proportion of children under 19 and adults under 39, indicating that many young families reside there. South Side has a much denser population. Its relatively even distribution of age groups reflect a community well balanced in terms of age.

0 -19

0 -19

20 - 39

20 - 39

40-59

60-79

40-59

80+

60-79

80+


Sparse

Unreported Dense

Reported Burglary Crime Density

Data extracted from Crime Rate report conducted by the Bethlehem Police Department, Jan 2012 - July 2013

The divide between North Side and South Side is the most serious with respect to the level of safety. There are disproportionately more reported burglaries on the South Side area than on the North side. Many residents from the North Side are uninclined to visit South Side due to the above reasons, rendering South Side relatively abandoned.

Potential Park Users Based on the age group distribution, young families from North Side are potentialy a major user group of the park.

It is possible to attract groups of similar aged friends from South Side to the waterfront park as well as to increase the likelihood of interaction.

The waterfront park could utilize the site’s tranquil nature and draw lovers on dates to the park. Their consumption ability can attract more businesses to the area. 25


Lack of Public Space Usage on South Side

ANALYSIS

Major Public Spaces

B C

A

A D

Eaton Ave Shopping Complex

F I

Lehigh Shopping Center Third Street City Hall

Cultural

E G H

Steels Stacks/ Sands Casino Arts Quest

Educational

B C J K

Moravian College Liberty High School Broughal Middle School Lehigh University

Commercial D

Main Street

E

F

H

G

I J K

Public Space Users (in hundreds) tourists

students

local residents

Although South Side has a greater number of cultural centers, fewer local residents utilize these spaces than tourists and students do.

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A

E

B

D

G

C

F

H

J

I

K


Vegetation The North Side has a significantly higher density of green spaces than South Side, which may contribute to the lack of South Side visitors from North Side City Hall

D&L Trail Park

Waterfront Park in relation to Surroundings The only green space near the Lehigh River is the recently designed Bethlehem Greeway. To establish an productive relationship between the waterfront park and its surroundings, it could be connected to the Greenway and expanded phase by phase.

River Port Apartments

Bethlehem Greenway

Steel Stacks and Casino 27


Four Phases of Connection

First Phase

Second Phase

Riverfront site between 378 Bridge and Fahee Bridge on South Side

Extension connects to existing Green Way

Bus route loops around park

Continue expansion of green spaces and local business areas

Attract South Side businesses to expand to Riverfront, while drawing North Side visitors to the area

Site Section of First Phase 28

DESIGN


Third Phase

Forth Phase

Extension to Steel Stacks and Sands Casino

Extension to North Side Trail Park

Expand the influence of waterpark laterally on the map and attract tourists to the park

Physically connect north and south side by building bridges or tunnels across the river

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First Phase Development

ANALYSIS

< a collaboration with Bowman Johns>

The first phase aims to re-establish and encourage interaction between south and north side through two means: first to attract more businesses to expand from Soutside Downtown to the riverfront area; second, to bring in more visitors from Northside to the area through a modified bus system. The park at this phase is the segment between the 378 Highway (left on map) and Fahy Bridge (right on map). It is a prominent location because it is highly visible to potential visitors traveling on the two bridges. A bus system is designed to bring visitors from North Side across these two bridges; The bus rout on South Side will begin at Sands Casino and pass through Third Street, the main business area.

Surrounding Circulation The riverfront area is accessible yet underutilized at this phase. Most of the traffic passes by the riverfront area to commute rather than actually visiting it. Therefore, it is crucial to create convenient means to travel to the park. The traffic on these two bridges is mainly comprised of vehicles and is dangerous for pedestrians as well as bikers to travel The pedestiran traffic on the North Side concentrates more on recreational use of the trail park, while the one on the South Side focuses more on commercial use of the businesses on Third Street. Pedestrian Biking 30

Vehicle


Activity Concentration by Time

8 AM - 12 PM

12 PM - 5 PM

5 PM - 9 PM

The activity concentration in different zones vary by time. On North Side, where most of the activity is recreational, mid-day is the most active time. On South Side, late-afternoon and night activies are more frequent. In an effort to attract more visitors from North Side, the waterfront park should be designed with focus on events that occur around mid-day.

Exisisting

Noise Level

Proposed

quiet throughout

noisiest at the center, gradually quiets down on both sides

Greenery barren throughout

fertile throughout, with denser green spaces on both sides

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From Events Sequence to Programs

DESIGN

The designâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s organization begins by imagining desired events for each user groups during a visit Once sequence is established, corresponding programs are determined based on how each event relates to one another.

Potential Events Sequence

10 AM

Play Loun ge Roam in Garden e Loun ge

Appropriate Entrances

3PM

7PM

Roam in Garden

Picnic Roam in Garden Picnic

Visit m useum Watch performance

An initial base of recreation culminates in a final concentration on cultural events. Different user groups experience various event sequences from mid-day to early evening, and then converge at the cultural center.

Closest to parking lot, suitable for families driving from North Side Central and open space, attract young groups of friends More secluded and shrielded by surrounding areas, create a intimate entrance for couples

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Sequence Adapated to Location of Entrances Kids Play Area

Amphitheatre

Mini Arboroitum

Watch performance

Play

Loun ge

Roam in Garden

Picnic

Roam in Garden

Read

Picnic

R oam in Garden

Picnic

Loun ge

Visit m useum

Sculpture Garden

Picnic Area

Botanic Garden

Picnic Area

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From Programs to Forms

place programmatic points

DESIGN

connect dots

“It’s only a psychogram of what people are, what cities are, what cultures are. That’s what makes architecture interesting, not architecture in itself. Because all the things that you can discover and analyze in architecture can also be found in other areas of our civilization.” 34

Jacques Herzog and Dietmar Steiner

adjust paths based on usage frequency

widen + blend pathways


fragement + multiply

establish flow direction

push + pull

3â&#x20AC;&#x2122; x 1â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Study Model

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Proposed Site Plan Kids Play Area

Sculpture Garden

Routes

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Biking Jogging

Picnic Area


Amphitheatre

Mini Arboroitum

Botanic Garden

Picnic Area

Noise Level

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8.5’ x 3’ Final Model Museum Board, Moss, Basswood Dowels, Glue, Chipboard, Foamboard Above: Final Model Aerial View Far Left: Amphitheatre Perspective View Left: Entrance to Museum

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Museum Proposal To exhibit Bethlehemâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s history, a museum will be located near the amphitheatre. While location conveniences visitors that only have the time to visit the museum, some may argue that the museumâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s placement does not encourage enough visitors to walk through the whole park. Consequently, a primary goal of this design is to incorporate the museum into the walking path, making it a natural segment of the pathway that draws visitors through the site unwittingly. Mini Arboroitum

Formal Strategy

Noise Level 20% 80% All

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Service Space Exhibition Space Underground

Push up exhibition space to create above-ground walk way

Widen walkway space to allow more circulation flow


Skin Devlopment

Extract

Multiply and Arrange

Apply

Exhibition

Service

Perfomance Space Gallery Reception Office Storage Bathroom

Shape to accomadate overall park pathway form

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Galler y

Second Floor

Galler y

Office Reception Bathroom

First Floor

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10” X 8” Final Model 1/8” Scale Basil Wood, Construction Paper, Mylar, Glue

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Urban Response Studio 3

Individual Project Spring 2013

3 Weeks

Instructor: Prof. Hyun-Tae Jung

This project calls for a solution that responds to the urban context of Downtown Southside in Bethlehem. Constrained by its adjacent buildings, the infillâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s organization must take advantage of its deep and narrow site. The design goal is to find an effective combination of maximized business area efficient circulation engaging exterior that is synthesized in relation to its urban surroundings.

Urban Context Analysis Traffic Circulation

Pedestrian Traffic

Vehicle Traffic

Surrounding Programs Motorized and pedestrian traffic volumes are mainly comprised of local residents and Lehigh students. The pedestrian distribution pattern is more free than the vehicular one

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1st Floor

Bar Restaurant Store

Above 1st Floor

Reside

Non-C Non-R


Site Section The front of the building faces a busy street traffic while the back overlooks the Bethlehem Greenway. This orientation makes the front an appropriate business entrance, and the back an adequate service entrance.

Views

Urban Zone

Green Way

Price Range of Surrounding Restaurants

ential

Commercial Residential

Street Traffic

People tend to visit this area for bars and or restaurants. The infill could benefit from this tendency accommadating a bar+restaurant business.

$

$$$$$

The proposed bar+restaurant can operate in a higher price scale to absorb potential customers of the Bookstore, the highest priced restaurant at the corner. More importantly, the proposal could establish a zone for fine dining in Southside Bethlehem

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Program Volumetric Relationship Studies 4 of 10 Studies

Utilities

Dining

Bar

Club

When arranging the programs, three factors were considered: logic of activity sequence, maximum space for business, and dynamics of solid+void volumes

Vertical Stack Programs are stacked so that the noise level goes up as the floor moves up. Services are pushed to the back

Proposal Interlock/Overlook The final proposal utilizes the confined space with maximum efficiency and creates the most logical activity sequence inside the building. It combines the features in Study 1, 3 and 4. Study 2 was eliminated due to the infillâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s narrow characterisitcs

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Interlock Club is the main focus and it interlocks with the service at the back of the building

Light Well/ Central Void A courtyard in the middle can create a more pleasant dining experience

Protrusion Back terraces overlook the tranquil Greenway. These terraces provide a mix of the interior noise and outdoor peace


Circulation Studies Horizontal Circulation Vertical Circulation

Club

Bar

Dining

Utilities

An efficient circulation plan inside the building is the key to this urban infill project. The restaurant needs to have the maximum space available for more customers, while maintaining an adequate flow. Each circulation study corresponds to the proceeding volumetric study

Adjacent but Separate

Proposal Continuous

Linear/Continuous

Linear + Switchback

Direct Vertical

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Formal Development The shape of the infill is adjusted to introduce more sunlight into the long yet narrow interior

Skin Development A strip is punched through holes then wrapped around the building. The facade acts as a statement piece when viewed from the street. 48


Dine -> Drink -> Dance Outdoor Dance Club

Bar/Indoor Dance Club

Bathroom

The final interior maximizes the business areas by reducing the vertical circulation into a simple flow line. Service programs are pushed to the back to allow more light come into the public space.

Bar + Restaurant Kitchen

Restaurant Reception

Study Model

The final pattern is arranged to emphasize the vertical circulation and change in noise level

chip board, mylar, construction paper, glue 1/4” = 1’0”

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Left: Final Model Front Entrance Bottom Right: Final Model West Side Dimension: 24” x 9” x 18” Material: Bass Wood, Plexi Glass, Museum Board, Glue 50


East Side Site Section

West Side 51 51


Coalescence Studio 3

Individual Project Spring 2013

2 Weeks

The Psychology Department needs a simple one-story building to conduct reasearch on kids under 13 years old. The program calls to incorporate the different characteristics among spirited kids and academic researchers.

Math Department

Civil Engineering Department + Parking Lot

Parking Lot (Design and Psychology)

Design Department + Psychology Department

Greenery The scenery is more pleasant in north-west direction

Two Groups - Two Skins

Kids

Major Traffic Pattern P P

By Foot Vehicle

The building should be accessed from south direction based on parking availability P

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Faculty/ Students

Fun Activites

Conduct research Storage

Instructor: Prof. Hyun-Tae Jung


Form Support

By fusing two distinctive surfaces, the design articulates the interaction between the two user groups Adjust on Site

Research Room Storage

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Internal Development To accomodate different programs’ needs, the bands transform into different shape to create an interactive interior for children

Play

Counter

Seating

Views

We don’t say “form follows function” or “function follows form”. We’re designing synergy between both, so the function becomes a hybrid element of the form.” Wolf D. Prix 54


Re-emphasize Expand the functional space to accentuate the intersection of two surfaces

Elevation (South Facade)

Storage Bathroom

Floor Plan

Circulation Analysis

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Top Perspective

South Elevation

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East Elevation

West Elevation


Scale: 1/4” = 1’ Size: 6” x 13” x 4” Materials: museum board, plexi glass, chip board

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58 58


Installation and Sculptures Installing and sculpting requires a well-balanced understanding of three-dimensionality and the perception of space. With the help of different materialsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; intrhinsic characteristics, I can interpret spatial compositions in a subjective way.

Threads Sound-Reduction Wall Detail 59


Sound - Reduction Wall Interactive Installation Studio

A collaboration with Mike Moore and Max Gilbert Spring 2012

Instructor: Prof. Wesley Heiss

Necessities Of Wall Due to course scheduling, two different classes are always held at the same time in the same classroom--the only seperation between them is a 5 ft drop--with no barriers besides a railing there. Therefore, a sound barrier must be built in between the two spaces in order for users from both of the classes to be able to focus on their own courses.

Unit Development Folding a flat plane can turn a 2Dimensional element into a 3Dimensional one. The resulting unit has multiple facets that allow sound to be reflected at different angles. A wall built from this unit gain stiffness and is expandable.

Push/Pull

Thread

Construction Detail

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Left Facade 18’ x 10’

Right Facade 18’ x6114’


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Massive, Elementary, Encapsulating Dimension: 14” x 7” x 12” Material: Poplar, Mahogany

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Strata Sculpture Exhibition, City Hall Rotonda, Summer 2012 Material: Insulation Foam Paint Construction Adhesive Dimension: 3’ x 5’ x 1’

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Compositional Mask Material: Curvy Maple, Red Mahogany, Basswood Dowels, Milk Paint Dimension: 13â&#x20AC;? x 10 â&#x20AC;&#x153;

Front

Back 65 65


Lehigh University Bethlehem, PA 18015 ppy213@lehigh.edu 610 849 3453

Pei Pei Yang

Education Lehigh University Graduating in May, 2014

Bachelor of Arts in Architecture Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering

Academic Honors

Deans List : 2010, 2012,2013 Phi Eta Sigma National Honors Society

Major GPA: 3.78

Cumulative GPA: 3.65

Tau Beta Pi Engineer Honors Society

Architectural Experience Assistant Architect Guangzhou Design Institute Summer 2009, 2010, 2011

Schematic design for urban-scale housing complex. Create project presentations for international bidding designs as well as local publicity. Studio representative at meetings with developers

Strohl Senior Thesis Grant Fall 2012 - Present

Grant awarded for Bethlehem Urban Analysis and Waterfront Development. Responsible for design and development master plan for five blocks of waterfront area

Integrated Learning Experience Fall 2012 - Present

Group Leader of the Design Team in an urban scale roadway connection project

Fritz Design Project Fall 2010

Lead and manage a team of engineers and architects in a semester-long redesign of university building

Grace Hall Project Fall 2012

Construction Manager for a school building renovation project. Plan project schedule and detailed estimate using RS Means

Leadership Experience

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Gryphon (Residence Assistance) Grenen + Engineering House Fall 2013 - Current

Select by professional staff to live students and serve as an immediate source of support and assistance Promote an environment conducive to the individual rights and responsibilities of students Organize Green-engineering related events, such as academic symposium, for interested residents Gryphon Scholarship includes free anuual housing and half-priced dining plan

Residential Hall President Fall 2010 - Spring 2011

Plan social programs for resident hall of 130 students

Vice President Phi Eta Sigma Fall 2012 - Present

Define annual goals and facilitate synergy among officers. Organize academic and social events for an honors fraternity of 200 members


Personal Experience Sole Owner Summer 2012 - Present

Gark Science Equipment Co., Ltd Operate a small international business that merchandises patented preservation devices. Manage the company’s budget and complete settlement for company’s expenses

Granted Utility Patent Jan 2012

Granted Utility Patent in China for Permanently Anti-Tamper Seal Preservation Device. Product could be used in evidence preservation

Publications and Exhibitions Lehigh Review April 2012

Photo “Rythm” selected to be the inside cover of a University-wide journal

Literary Journal for International Students April 2012

Article “Box of Sand” published in a University-wide journal

Girdler Gallery October 2011

One Architecture studio piece exhibited in a University gallery

Fairchild Martindale Library July - October 2013

Studio project “Rhythmic System” exhibited in a University gallery

Bethlehem City Hall June - July 2012

Architectural sculpture exhibited in a city gallery

Software Language

AutoCAD; Rhinoceros; Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign; MS Office Cantonese; Mandarin; English; Introductory French; Introductory Japanese

Skills

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Undergraduate Architecture Portfolio  

Selected work from Lehigh University 2009-2014.

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