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㈤百字說華語

Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words

㆗英文版

第㈧課

差不多

Lesson 8

課文

Almost Alike

TEXT

㆙:㈻校㈲很多外國㈻生,是嗎? xué xiào yǒu hěn duō wài guó xué shēng

shì

ma

There are many foreign students at the school, aren’t there?

㆚:是啊,㈲很多。 shì

a

yǒu hěn duō

Yes, there are a lot.

㆙:比 本 國 ㈻ 生還多嗎? bǐ

běn guó xué shēng hái duō ma

More than local students?

㆚:不,比 本 國㈻生少。 bù

běn guó xué shēng shǎo

No, less than local students.

㆙:㊚ 生 跟 ㊛ 生 ㆒ 樣 多 嗎 ? nán shēng gēn

nyǔ shēng yí

yàng duō ma

Are there as many boys as girls?

㆚:差不多㆒樣多。 chà bù duō

yí yàng duō

No, they are about the same.

46


五百字說華語

Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words

㆗英文版

㆙:㊚ 生 跟 ㊛ 生 ㆒ 樣 聰 明 嗎 ? nán shēng gēn

nyǔ shēng yí

yàng cōng míng ma

Are boys as intelligent as girls?

㆚:不㆒定,㈲的聰明,㈲的笨。 bù

yí dìng

yǒu de cōng míng

yǒu de

bèn

Not necessarily, some are smart, and some are stupid.

㆙:㊚ 生 用 功 還 是 ㊛ 生 用 功 ? nán shēng yòng gōng hái

shì

nyǔ shēng yòng gōng

Do boys or girls work harder?

㆚:他 們 都 很 用功。 tā

men dōu hěn yòng gōng

They all work very hard.

字與詞

WORDS AND PHRASES

比(ㄅㄧˇ;bǐ)to compare with (this comparison morpheme frequently implies superiority) 老師比㈻生忙。 lǎo

shī

xué shēng máng

The teacher is busier than the students.

你比我聰明。 nǐ

wǒ cōng míng

You are smarter than I am.

他比我用功。 tā

wǒ yòng gōng

He works harder than I do.

㊚ 生 比 ㊛ 生 多。 nán shēng bǐ

nyǔ shēng duō

There are more boys than girls.

㊛ 生 比 ㊚ 生 少。 nyǔ shēng bǐ

nán shēng shǎo

There are fewer girls than boys.

還(ㄏㄞˊ;hái)still even, yet, also 47


㈤百字說華語

Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words

㆗英文版 他的書比我的還多。 tā

de shū

de

hái duō

He has even more books than I do.

小 孩 比 大 ㆟ 還 用 功。 xiǎo hái

rén

hái yòng gōng

The children work even harder than adults.

還是(ㄏㄞˊ ㄕˋ;hái shì)or 你的書多,還是我的書多? nǐ

de

shū duō

hái shì

de

shū duō

Are your books greater in number, or are mine?

㊚生聰明,還是㊛生聰明? nán shēng cōng míng

hái

Are boys wiser, or are girls?

shì

nyǔ shēng cōng míng

你去,還是我去? nǐ

hái shì

Are you going, or am I ?

還是你去吧。 hái shì

ba

It would be better if you go.

跟(ㄍㄣ;gēn)with, and 和(ㄏㄢˋ;hàn) (ㄏㄜˊ;hé)and, together

你跟我都是㈻生。 nǐ

gēn wǒ dōu shì xué shēng

You and I are students.

他和我都很忙。 tā

hàn wǒ dōu hěn máng

He and I are both very busy.

樣(ㄧㄤˋ;yàng)outlook, appearance 樣子 yàng zi

appearance

48


五百字說華語

Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words

㆗英文版

一樣(ㄧˊ ㄧㄤˋ;yí yàng)as ... as, similar, like 他的筆跟我的㆒樣。 tā

de

bǐ gēn wǒ

His pen is like mine.

de

yí yàng

大㆟跟小孩㆒樣多。 dà

rén gēn xiǎo hái

yí yàng duō

There are as many adults as children.

㊛生跟㊚生㆒樣用功。 nyǔ shēng gēn

nán shēng yí yàng yòng gōng

Girls work as hard as boys.

差(ㄔㄚ;chā) (ㄔㄚˋ;chà)inferior, worse 我 的 ㆗ 文 比 你 差。 wǒ

de zhōng wén bǐ

chā

My Chinese is inferior to yours.

我 ㊢ 的 ㆗ 文 比 他 差。 wǒ

xiě

de zhōng wén bǐ

chā

My Chinese writing is inferior to his.

差不多(ㄔㄚˋ ㄅㄨˋ ㄉㄨㄛ;chà bù duō)almost; alike 這 兩 本 書差不多。 zhè liǎng běn shū chà

duō

The two books are almost alike.

這兩本書差不多㆒樣。 zhè liǎng běn shū chà

bù duō

yí yàng

The two books are almost alike.

他們兩㆟差不多㆒樣大。 tā

men liǎng rén chà bù duō

They are almost the same age.

yí yàng dà

這 兩 枝 筆差不多㆒ 樣長。 zhè liǎng zhī

chà

duō

yí yàng cháng

These two pens are almost the same length.

聰明(ㄘㄨㄥ ㄇㄧㄥˊ;cōng míng)wise, smart

49


㈤百字說華語

Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words

㆗英文版 那個小孩子真聰明。 nà

ge

xiǎo hái

zi zhēn cōng míng

That child is really smart.

王先生很聰明 。 Wáng xiān shēng hěn

cōng míng

Mr. Wang is very wise.

笨(ㄅㄣˋ;bèn)stupid 他這個㆟太笨。 tā

zhè

ge rén

He is very stupid.

tài

bèn

他真笨。 tā

zhēn bèn

He is really stupid.

聰明㆟也會做笨事。 cōng míng rén

hùi

zuò

bèn shì

Smart people can do stupid things.

用(ㄩㄥˋ;yòng)use, by means of 你用什麼筆㊢字? nǐ yòng shé me

xiě

What kind of pen do you write with?

我用鉛筆㊢字。 wǒ yòng qiān bǐ

xiě

I write with a pencil.

用功(ㄩㄥˋ ㄍㄨㄥ;yòng gōng)work hard 我 的 ㈻ 生 很 用 功。 wǒ

de

xué shēng hěn yòng gōng

My students work very hard.

他很聰明,也很用功。 tā

hěn cōng míng

yě hěn yòng gōng

He is very smart and hard-working, too.

50


五百字說華語

Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words

溫習

REVIEW

甲:學校有很多外國學生,是嗎? 乙:是啊,有很多。 甲:比本國學生還多嗎? 乙:不,比本國學生少。 甲:男生跟女生一樣多嗎? 乙:差不多一樣多。 甲:男生跟女生一樣聰明嗎? 乙:不一定,有的聰明,有的笨。 甲:男生用功還是女生用功? 乙:他們都很用功。

51

㆗英文版


㈤百字說華語

Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words

㆗英文版

應用

EXTENDED PRACTICE

㆙:這 所 ㈻ 校 比我們㈻校大吧? zhè suǒ xué xiào

wǒ men xué xiào dà

This school is bigger than ours, isn’t it?

ba

㆚:差不多㆒樣大。 chà

bù duō

yí yàng dà

They’re almost the same size.

㆙:㈻ 生呢? xué shēng ne

What about the students?

㆚:㈻生比我們多。 xué shēng bǐ

wǒ men duō

The students are greater in number than ours.

㆙:老師呢? lǎo shī

ne

What about the teachers?

㆚:老師比我們少。 lǎo shī

wǒ men shǎo

They have fewer teachers than we do.

㆙:那麼,還是我們㈻校好。 nà

me

hái shì

wǒ men xué xiào hǎo

Then, our school is better.

㆚:是 啊,我 們㈻校的㈻生很聰明, shì

a

wǒ men xué xiào

de

xué shēng hěn cōng míng

也 很 用 功,你說是不是? yě

hěn yòng gōng

shuō shì

shì

Yes, our students are very smart and hard-working. Do you agree?

㆙:不 是!不 是! 我是㆒個笨㈻生。 bú

shì

shì

shì

No! No! I am a stupid student.

ge

bèn xué shēng

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五百字說華語 - Lesson 8