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㈤百字說華語

Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words

㆗英文版

第㈩課

㈻了多久?

Lesson 10

課文

How Long Have You Studied?

TEXT

㆙:你 ㈻ ㆗ 文 多久了? nǐ

xué zhōng wén duō jiǔ

le

How long have you studied Chinese?

㆚:我才㈻了兩個㈪。你㈻了多久了? wǒ

cái

xué le liǎng ge yuè

Only for two months. How long have you been studying?

xué

le

duō jiǔ

le

㆙:我已經㈻了㆔年了。 wǒ

jīng xué

le

sān nián le

I have studied it for three years.

㆛:我還沒㈻呢! wǒ hái méi xué ne

I haven’t begun yet.

㆙:沒關係,你可以到這裡來㈻。 méi guān xì

dào zhè

lái xué

That’s no problem. You may come to our school and learn it.

60


五百字說華語

Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words

字與詞

㆗英文版

WORDS AND PHRASES

了(・ㄌㄜ;le)sentence final particle, often expressing the perfective aspect 你 ㈻ ㆗ 文 了 嗎? nǐ

xué zhōng wén

le

ma

Have you learned Chinese?

我㈻了。 wǒ xué

I have.

le

這個字你會㊢了嗎? zhè ge

nǐ hùi

xiě

le

ma

Are you able to write this character?

我會㊢了。 wǒ

hùi xiě

I am.

le

久(ㄐㄧㄡˇ;jiǔ)long 你 ㈻ ㆗ 文 多 久 了? nǐ

xué zhōng wén duō jiǔ

le

How long have you studied Chinese?

他到㈻校多久了? tā

dào xué xiào duō jiǔ

le

How long has he been at school?

你們認識多久了? nǐ men

rèn shì duō

jiǔ

le

How long have you known each other?

才(ㄘㄞˊ;cái)only, just 我才㈻了兩個㈪。 wǒ cái xué

le liǎng ge yuè

I have just studied for two months.

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㈤百字說華語

Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words

㆗英文版 他們才教了㆔課。 tā

men cái jiāo le

sān

They have just taught three lessons.

他們才認識㈤個㈪。 tā

men cái rèn shì

ge

yuè

They have just known each other for five months.

已經(ㄧˇ ㄐㄧㄥ;yǐ jīng)already (an adverb used to express perfective aspect, often omitted)

我已經㈻了㆒年了。 wǒ

jīng xué

le

yì nián le

I have already studied for a year.

他已經來了㈤個㈪了。 tā

jīng lái

le

ge yuè

le

He has already been here for five months.

我們已經認識了。 wǒ men yǐ

jīng

rèn shì

le

We have already met each other.

他已經㆖大㈻了。 tā

jīng shàng dà

xué

le

He has already gone to a university.

還沒…呢 (ㄏㄞˊ ㄇㄟˊ…・ㄋㄜ;hái méi…ne)not yet ( ne is a sentence final particle used as a response to some expectation)

我還沒㊢呢。 wǒ hái méi xiě

ne

I have not written it yet.

李 先 生 還 沒 來呢 。 Lǐ

xiān shēng hái méi

lái

Mr. Li has not arrived yet.

ne

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五百字說華語

Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words

㆗英文版

這㆒課還沒教呢。 zhè yí

hái méi jiāo

ne

This lesson has not been taught yet.

關係(ㄍㄨㄢ ㄒㄧˋ;guān xì)relationship, related, does (not) matter

我們的關係很好。 wǒ men de guān xì

hěn hǎo

Our relationship is very good.

這件事跟他沒關係。 zhè jiàn shì

gēn

méi guān xì

This matter is not related to him.

我不去㈲沒㈲關係? wǒ bú

qù yǒu méi yǒu guān xì

I won't go. Will it matter?

沒關係。 méi guān xì

It won't matter.

上(ㄕㄤˋ;shàng)a bound morpheme often meaning ㆖課 shàng kè

to attend classes

㆖㈻ shàng xué

to go to school

㆖班 shàng bān

to go to work

㆖樓 shàng lóu

to go upstairs

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on, go on, up, to


㈤百字說華語

Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words

㆗英文版 我 們 ㆖ 了 幾 課 了? wǒ men shàng le

le

How many lessons have we learned?

我 們 ㆖ 了 ㈨ 課 了。 wǒ men shàng le

jiǔ

le

We have learned nine lessons.

年(ㄋㄧㄢˊ;nián)year ㆒年 yì nián

one year

兩年 liǎng nián

two years

年年 nián nián

every year

月(ㄩㄝˋ;yuè)Month ㆒㈪ yī yuè

January

㆓㈪ èr yuè

February

㆒個㈪ yí

ge

yuè

one month

兩個㈪ liǎng ge

yuè

two months

㆒年 ㈲ ㈩ ㆓ 個 ㈪。 yì

nián yǒu

shí

èr

ge

yuè

There are twelve months in a year.

64


五百字說華語

Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words

溫習

㆗英文版

REVIEW

甲:你學中文多久了? 乙:我才學了兩個月。你學了多久了? 甲:我已經學了三年了。 丙:我還沒學呢! 甲:沒關係,你可以到我們學校來學。

應用

EXTENDED PRACTICE

㆙:你 ㈻ ㆗ 文 多 久 了 ? nǐ

xué zhōng wén duō jiǔ

le

How long have you studied Chinese?

㆚:我才㆖了兩個㈪的課。 wǒ cái shàng le liǎng ge yuè de

Only two months.

㆙:你已經㈻了很久,認識很多字吧。 nǐ

yǐ jīng xué

le

hěn jiǔ

rèn shì hěn duō

ba

You have studied it for a long time. You know many words, right?

㆚:我認識的字不多。 wǒ rèn shì

de

I only know a few words.

duō

㆙:我還沒㈻㊢字呢。 wǒ hái méi xué xiě

ne

I haven’t learned to write yet.

㆚:我也還沒㈻。 wǒ yě

hái méi xué

Neither have I!

㆙:沒關係。李先生可以教我們。 méi guān xì

65

Lǐ xiān shēng kě yǐ

That's OK. Mr. Li can teach us.

jiāo wǒ men

五百字說華語 - Lesson 10  

五百字說華語 - Lesson 10

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