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PEG / Vertical: Mix Use Tower Atlas

Longyearbyen

!

!

Nuuk

Reykjavik

!

Torshavn

!

Oslo

Stockholm

!

Helsinki

Tallinn

!

!

!

!

Copenhagen

Riga

!

Vilnius

!

Dublin !

!

!

!

!

Brussels

Paris

!

Vienna ! Budapest Bratislava! !

Bern !Vaduz

!

!

! !

!

Belgrade ! Sarajevo ! Podgorica Sofia

San Marino

Monaco

!

Andorra La Valla

Rome

!

Ashgabat

Valletta

Dwb

Dwa

Dwb

Dfb

P'yongyang

!

Dushanbe Dwa

Bsk

Cwa

Dwa

Tripoli

!

Seoul

Dwa

Dfb

!

Beirut ! !Damascus JerusalemAmman

Kabul

!

Baghdad

Cwb

Cwa

Cwa

Cwa

Dfc

Dfa

!

!

Tehran

Nicosia

!

Cwa

Tokyo

!

Cwa Cfa

Islamabad

Cfa

!

!

Bwh

Bsh

Cwa

Cwa

Cwa

Cfa

Cfa

Cfa

Cfa

! !

Cfa

Cairo

Kuwait

!

Bwh

!

Bwh

Bsh

Cwa

New Delhi

!

Manama Doha

Cwb

Cfa

Cfa

Cfa

Cfa

Cfa

Cfa

Cfa

Cfa

Cfa

Cfa

Cfa

Cwa

Cwa

Cwa

Kathmandu Thimphu

!

!

Dwb

!

!

!

Dwb

!

Rabat

Hamilton

Dwa

Beijing

!

!

!

Tunis

Dwa

!

Baku

Yerevan

Ankara

!

Dwb

Dfb

Tashkent

!

!

Algiers

Dwb

Bishkek

Athens

!

Dwb

!

T'Bilisi

Tirana

Lisbon

Dwa

Bucharest

!

Gibraltar

Ulaanbaatar

!

!

!

Madrid

!

!

!

Chisinau

!

LjubljanaZagreb !

Ottawa

Washington D.C.

!

!

!

!

Astana

Kyiv

!

!

!

!

!

!

Prague

Luxembourg

Saint-Pierre

!

Warsaw

!

! !

St. Peter PortSt. Helier

Berlin

Amsterdam

London

Moscow

!

Minsk

!

Bwh

Bsh

Csa

Csa

Csa

Cwa

Csa

Bsh

Bsh

As

As

Cwa

Cwa

Cwa

Cwa

Cwb

Cwa

Cwb

Cwb

Cwa

Cwa

Cwa

Cwa

Cfa

Cwa

!

Nassau

Riyadh

!

!

Abu Dhabi

!

Havana

Muscat

!

Dhaka

! Cwa

Cfb

!

!

Mexico City

George Town

!

!

Belmopan

!

Kingston

Grand Turk

Santo DomingoSan Juan ! ! !! ! Port-au-Prince !Road Town

Guatemala ! San Salvador!Tegucigalpa !

Managua

!

!

! !

Aw

Aw

Am

Bsh

Bsh

Aw

Aw

Am

!

!

Aw

Aw

Cwa

Am

Aw

Aw

!

Am

Aw

Aw

Aw

Rangoon

Am

Aw

Vientiane Af

!

Praia

!

Khartoum

Dakar

!

Banjul

Bamako

Bissau

!

!

Niamey ! Ouagadougou

Aw

Ndjamena

Djibouti

!

Aw

Bangkok

Abuja

!

!

Georgetown Paramaribo !

Bogota

!

!

Aw

Hagatna

!

Aw

Phnom Penh

Am

Aw

!

!

!

Addis Ababa

Am

Am

Am

!

!

Saipan

Manila

Cwa

Am

!

Conakry Freetown

Panama

!

!

Sanaa !

!

Port of Spain

Asmara

!

!

!

Caracas

San Jose

!

Aw

Nouakchott

!

! Plymouth ! Basseterre! ! Roseau Basse-Terre! ! Castries Kingstown! Bridgetown ! ! OranjestadWillemstad Saint George's !

!

Aw

Hanoi

Af

!

Yamoussoukro

Monrovia

!

Accra!

Cayenne

Colombo

Lome !

!

Am

!

!

Bangui

Malabo!Yaounde

Majuro

Palikir

!

!

!

Kuala Lumpur

!

Mogadishu

!

!

!

Kampala

Kigali

Tarawa

Singapore

!

Sao Tome ! Libreville

!

!

!

Bandar Seri Begawan

!

Quito

Koror

!

!

Nairobi

!

Yaren

!

Bujumbura

!

BrazzavilleKinshasa !

!

!

Victoria

Dar es Salaam

!

Jakarta Dili

Luanda

!

!

!

The Settlement

!

Mata-Utu

!

!

!

Apia !Pago Pago

!

!

West Island

!

Lilongwe

!

!

Papeete

Brasilia

La Paz

Jamestown

!

!

!

Port Vila

Harare

!

Alofi

!

Avarua

Suva

!

Antananarivo

!

!

Nuku' alofa

Funafuti

Honiara

Lusaka

!

!

!

!

Moroni Mamoutzou

Lima

Port Moresby

Port Louis Saint-Denis!

!

Noumea

!

!

Windhoek

!

Adamstown

Gaborone Pretoria ! Mbabane!Maputo

Asuncion

!

!

!

!

Cfa

Kingston

Maseru

!

!

Santiago

Cfb

!

Buenos AiresMontevideo !

Canberra

!

!

Cfb

1.25

Wellington

!

Stanley

!

SHAPE

CORRUGATION

The Mix Use Tower Altas

(1200 m2 residential floorplate)

In the dichotomy of field and figure, the tower is the consummate figure, its autonomy is a product of its stature, its expressiveness is dependent on its singularity as an object. Yet it is still embedded in a field

1.05

whose forces can be rejected or embraced. The tower, both due to its inherent figural qualities as well as the

RECTANGLE

CIRCLE area: 1200 m2 perimeter: 110 m facade ratio: 0.34

Office Scale

Residential Scale

SQUARE area: 1200 m2 perimeter: 139 m facade ratio: 0.38

TRIANGLE area: 1200 m2 perimeter: 158 m facade ratio: 0.43

RECTANGLE area: 1200 m2 perimeter: 156 m facade ratio: 0.43

economic and political regimes that have historically served as its patron, tends to reject the field conditions of its locality, opposing or ignoring the generative opportunities locality offers. The Residential Tower Atlas takes a global approach to the local, taking the worldwide field of climate, and setting parameters for introducing a figure -the tower- that responds to local conditions.

Facade Ratio = 0.9

We begin by defining the field from which the tower is derived. Global variations in climate are registered using the Koppen climate classification system, which breaks down biomes into climate zones based on temperature, humidity, and seasonal dynamics, whether a winter is cold or rainy, whether a summer is wet or

0.85

CIRCLE

area: 1200 m2 perimeter: 193 m facade ratio: 0.53

SQUARE

area: 1200 m2 perimeter: 205 m facade ratio: 0.56

area: 1200 m2 perimeter: 215 m facade ratio: 0.59

area: 1200 m2 perimeter: 215 m facade ratio: 0.59

dry, or whether there are any seasonal variations at all. Our first order of investigation was to establish whether conventional assumptions concerning the thermal performance of surface area to volume ratios hold up to scrutiny. We ran simple extruded envelopes containsurface area to volume ratio out-performed other shapes in extreme climates. Taking this into account we established a variable building footprint that can alter its shape between

Facade Ratio = 0.6

Residential - Facade Ratio Practicality Range

0.65

four geometric primitives: the circle, the triangle, the square, and the rectangle as well as take on intermediate forms. Based on our initial study of surface to volume thermal performance we then deployed variations of this footprint over the Atlas. Note that there are places where the circle prevails, and places where all four exist, and area: 1200 m2 perimeter: 257 m facade ratio: 0.71

area: 1200 m2 perimeter: 265 m facade ratio: 0.73

area: 1200 m2 perimeter: 268 m facade ratio: 0.74

area: 1200 m2 perimeter: 268 m facade ratio: 0.74

conditions in between. This continuum is dependent on the discrepancy in their respective performance. In the vast majority of the inhabited parts of earth, the four primitives are reasonably close to one another in thermal performance, as climates become extreme differences become more pronounced.

TRIANGLE

The second evaluation expands the continuum by introducing corrugation to the primitives, transforming their shape along vectors that maintain their radiality. We reanalyzed the primitives with increasing degrees of corrugation and established a coefficient to drive a parametric model. This coefficient was derived from the proportion of thermal transmittance, losses and gains, attributable to envelope shape, after zeroing

Office - Facade Ratio Practicality Range

FACADE RATIO

ing a given volume through environmental analysis software and concluded that, in fact, the circle with its low

0.45

out all other factors. The resulting corrugated primitives are then deployed by climate zone and latitude. STAR area: 1200 m2 perimeter: 278 m facade ratio: 0.76 Rectangle (1:10)

Star

CROSS area: 1200 m2 perimeter: 284 m facade ratio: 0.78

Y area: 1200 m2 perimeter: 285 m facade ratio: 0.78

SLAB area: 1200 m2 perimeter: 285 m facade ratio: 0.78

Cross (2/5, 1/5, 2/5) Y Tower

Cross (1/3, 1/3, 1/3)

Rectangle (1:5)

Facade Ratio = 0.3

Triangle Square

Circle

0.25 global population density

Facade Ratio = 0.2

0.0

1000.0

2000.0

3000.0

4000.0

5000.0

FOOTPRINT (m2)

6000.0

7000.0

8000.0

9000.0

10000.0

Köppen climate classification


Generic Tower Atlas