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13 National Center for Education Statistics, “NAEP State Comparisons,” accessed April 26, 2017 from https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/statecomparisons/withinyear.aspx?usrSelections= 0%2cRED%2c4%2c0%2cwithin%2c0%2c0, https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/ statecomparisons/withinyear.aspx?usrSelections=0%2cMAT%2c4%2c0%2cwithin%2c0%2c0, https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/statecomparisons/withinyear.aspx?usrSelections=1%2c RED%2c4%2c0%2cwithin%2c0%2c0, https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/ statecomparisons/withinyear.aspx?usrSelections=1%2cMAT%2c4%2c0%2cwithin%2c0%2c0. 14 Harvard Kennedy School of Government, “African American Students Increase Test Scores in School Voucher Programs, Study Shows,” press release, August 28, 2000, https://www.hks. harvard.edu/news-events/news/press-releases/african-american-students-increase-testscores-in-school-voucher-programs,-study-shows. 15 Danish Shakeel, Kaitlin Anderson, and Patrick Wolf, “The Participant Effects of Private School Vouchers Across the Globe: A Meta-Analytic and Systematic Review,” EDRE Working Paper No. 2016-07, May 10, 2016, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2777633. 16 John Witte, “Evaluating Voucher Programs: the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program,” written testimony, US Senate Homeland Security Committee Hearing on the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program, July 20, 2015, 16. 17 Joshua Cowen, David Fleming, John Witte, Patrick Wolf, and Brian Kisida, “School Vouchers and Student Attainment: Evidence from a State-Mandated Study of Milwaukee’s Parental Choice Program,” The Policy Studies Journal 41, no. 1 (2013): 161, http://onlinelibrary.wiley. com/doi/10.1111/psj.12006/full. 18 Kaitlin Anderson and Patrick Wolf, “Evaluating School Vouchers: Evidence from a Within-Study Comparison,” University of Arkansas Department of Education Reform, April 3, 2017, http:// www.uaedreform.org/downloads/2017/04/evaluating-school-vouchers-evidence-from-awithin-study-comparison.pdf. 19 Patrick Wolf, Brian Kisida, Babette Gutmann, Michael Puma, Nada Eissa, Lou Rizzo, “School Vouchers and Student Outcomes: Experimental Evidence from Washington, DC,” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 32, no.2 (2013): 260-265, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/ doi/10.1002/pam.21691/abstract.

OSP White Paper  
OSP White Paper  

NORTH CAROLINA OPPORTUNITY SCHOLARSHIPS: Countering a Flawed Duke Report and Setting the Record Straight