Pebble’s promise Pebble will only move forward with a mine that respects a thriving
Bristol Bay salmon fishery, creates
sustainable jobs and provides Alaskans with vital infrastructure.
Kennecott Copper Mine
The “Copper River Red” sockeye salmon run remains one of the healthiest in the world following decades of copper mining early in the last century.
Pebble will only move forward with a plan that fulfills its promise
The Pebble deposit has tremendous potential as one of the worldâ€™s largest copper discoveries. Today, Pebble remains an advanced exploration project.
Pebble must co-ex healthy fisheries, resources
More than $120 million has been invested toward environmental research to study the physical, biological and socioeconomic aspects of the area. This ongoing work represents one of the most comprehensive environmental research programs ever conducted in Alaska. It will provide mine planners with valuable environmental insight when making decisions about how to avoid and minimize environmental impacts.
xist alongside , wildlife & other
Pebble must benefit Alaskans
With a world-class mineral resource on state land designated for mining, the Pebble deposit can bring billions of dollars of investment to Alaska and has the potential to create more than 1,000 direct jobs for 25 years or longer. Mine construction will support a sustained average of 2,000 jobs for 4 years. Pebble will also create a healthy supply and service sector in the region, including investment in a robust business development program.
As oil production declines, Alaska must diversify its economy to create jobs and develop new revenue streams. While commercial fishing will remain a key Alaska industry, today, nearly half of licensed crewmembers and three-quarters of processing workers are non-residents.* The state’s mineral wealth can provide a major engine for Alaska’s future economy that can help jumpstart other industries. *Source: Alaska Department of Fish & Game, “10 Year Annual Recap,” 1/26/11 and Alaska Department of Labor & Workforce Development, “Nonresidents Working in Alaska,” 1/24/11.
Pebble will apply the worldâ€™s best science
With the benefits of leading environmental science, options for mining and associated infrastructure are being developed to ensure protection of the environment. From mitigation and reclamation, to water quality and tailings management, Pebble will set a high standard for sustainable mining practices.
Pebble must help build sustainable communities
As a young state, many parts of Alaska are not connected by roads and lack adequate infrastructure. The cost of basic necessities like milk and fuel are excessively high. The cost of living in the Bristol Bay region is among the highest in the nation. Combined with a lack of year-round job opportunities, these high costs place the very existence of many rural Alaskan communities at risk. Pebble offers the prospect of hope and renewal.
Pebble is listening before acting
Only by hearing your ideas, questions, and concerns can Pebble create a responsible mine development plan that lives up to the Promise.
a generational opportunity to help power Alaskaâ€™s economy 1800
2004 to 2011: NEARLY $500 MILLION IN PRELIMINARY STUDY AND ASSESSMENT
Geologists estimate the mineral resource at 80.6 billion pounds of copper, 5.6 billion pounds of molybdenum and 107.4 million ounces of gold, as well as significant quantities of rare strategic elements.
Kennecott Mine opens on the Copper River. Today the Copper River salmon run remains one of the world's most productive following four decades of mining.
More than $120 million in environmental studies conducted by more than 100 scientists, biologists and technicians. Southwest Alaska school populations decline with corresponding school closures. Pebble Fund established to support community needs.
Massive development of post-war infrastructure throughout lower 48 states.
1959: ALASKA STATEHOOD ACT State of Alaska granted 104 million acres for economic viability, including mineral exploration.
Pebble Deposit discovered on state land designated for mining.
ANILCA designates an additional 104 million acres for national parks, national forests and wildlife refuges, leaving nearly 60% of Alaska land under federal ownership.
Pebble is reconfirmed in the Bristol Bay Area Plan as mineral land in order to support the economic development of Alaska.
SUSTAINED GENERATIONAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
The Pebble Deposit is large enough to sustain generations of productive economic activity, embracing new technologies and best practices as they emerge.
Construction to create a sustained average of more than 2,000 jobs per year.
An Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) will provide the basis for more than 65 types of state and federal permits, reviews, authorizations and certifications. Regulatory review from more than a dozen local, state and federal agencies.
Production MINING OPERATIONS
Production will support more than 1,000 direct jobs and provide transportation and infrastructure for the Southwest Alaska region. This activity can help stimulate a new supply and service sector in the area, and could lower the cost of goods and energy for everyone in the region.
Utilizing a tiny fraction (one-hundredth of 1 percent) of Alaska’s land
will spark hundreds of millions in needed infrastructure
Pebble’s power requirements could potentially offer the benefits of a large end-user to both the region and the state.
Trans-Alaska Pipeline System
Pebble’s infrastructure could potentially enhance the value of the Bristol Bay fishery
The Pebble Deposit is more than 100 air miles from Bristol Bay.
Copper River Red
$27 / lb
Bristol Bay Salmon $11 / lb
A lack of infrastructure and high costs in Bristol Bay keep the value of the fishery far below its potential. Pebble can help facilitate change.
Bristol Bay EGEGIK
As a potential large end-user of energy in the region, Pebble will work with the state of Alaska toward solutions that could potentially help lower energy costs in local communities.
ebble Deposit area
Existing Transmission Lines
Pebble may help to lower the cost of transporting goods and fuel. A new 86-mile access road could help connect Iliamna to more communities and to Cook Inlet.
NIKISKI KENAI SOLDOTNA
Pebble will create service and supply sector opportunities
Mechanized vehicles (boats, cars, ATVs) Gas stations Repair shops Banks Small general stores Health services & dental assistants Local building contractors Logistics Expanded air charters Camp services Security Maintenance and repair Food services
NONDALTON Pile Bay Iniskin Bay
I liamn a L a k e
ANCHOR POINT HOMER
Pebble will help lower costs for everyone in the region A more developed logistics train spring-boarding from Pebbleâ€™s infrastructure will lower the cost of everything imported into the region.
Potential port upgrades.
Possible Iliamna airport upgrade.
Pebble will create a new supply hub for local villages. A potential port could accommodate transportation ships and barge traffic, fuel storage, and dry goods storage.
Local taxation of the mine will result in better services Increased local school support Better local roads General increase in economic activity could lead to new community utilities.
Protecting our independence with a stable domestic mineral supply
40% Imported Copper
U.S. copper production already falls well short of demand, with more than 40 percent of the nation’s current supply from foreign production. Relying on foreign production for nearly half of the country’s demand for such a critical mineral threatens the nation’s economic security. 17,700 thousand metric tons per year
World Copper Consumption
Source: U.S. Geological Survey
With emerging technologies and the focus on renewable energies requiring tremendous amounts of copper, U.S. demand is increasing as production is diminishing. At the same time, countries like China and India are tying up supplies to meet their own needs.
Our renewable energy future will increase the need for copper. Todayâ€™s large wind turbines require more than four tons of copper, solar panels and efficient electricity distribution depend on copper, and hybrid cars use more than double the copper of traditional vehicles.
Copper is essential to our lives pebble can supply 34 percent of the nationâ€™s copper needs
Copper is one of the world’s most indispensable materials. It’s an essential part of our lives, necessary in millions of products relied on every day. It’s also one of the most recycled materials in the world, with more than 80% of the copper ever produced still in use today.
The Pebble mineral resource contains one of the largest concentrations of copper (and other essential materials including gold, molybdenum and silver) in the world, as well as several rare elements like rhenium and palladium that are in great demand.
To put Pebble’s estimated 80.6 billion pounds of copper in perspective, this is enough to supply the lifetime needs of more than seven generations of Alaskans.
PLUMBING, HARDWARE, BUILDING MATERIALS, COPPER WIRING, TOOLS AND ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT HOME ELECTRONICS, COMPUTERS, APPLIANCES, FIXTURES AND WIRELESS DEVICES
ANTI-MICROBIAL SURFACES, MEDICAL INSTRUMENTS AND PROSTHETIC LIMBS
AIRPLANE, BOAT, AUTOMOBILE AND MOTORCYCLE COMPONENTS BICYCLE, FISHING, ATV AND SNOWMOBILE COMPONENTS SOLAR PANELS, HYBRID CARS AND WIND TURBINES TRANSFORMERS AND ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION
Mines and fisheries
Alaskaâ€™s rich history of resource extraction and fishing provides numerous historical and current examples of mining operations enhancing fish habitat and fish populations. Mine operations at Middle Fork Red Dog Creek, at Red Dog Mine, led to cleaner water in the stream, which enhanced surrounding habitat and expanded fish spawning habitat downstream.
Modern mining practices enhance fish populations
open pit reclaimed - supports healthy fish population At Valdez Creek, north of the Denali Highway, an open pit mine along a 2-mile stretch of creek has been reclaimed to create a lake and restored creek that is home to a healthy fish population.
fish habitat enhanced Mining ingenuity helped to develop a new channel for Middle Fork Red Dog Creek that protects the water from naturally mineralized groundwater flow and mine drainage. As a result, fish downstream have lower levels of naturally occurring lead and zinc than prior to mine development.
productive fish habitat created Following more than 90 years of mining in Fish Creek, northeast of Fairbanks, reclamation efforts by Ft. Knox Mine have re-created productive fish habitat.
Mines and fisheries in Alaska can work side by side as demonstrated by modern mines such as Red Dog Mine, Greens Creek Mine and Fort Knox Mine. Pebble is taking extraordinary steps to understand the local ecosystem.
Researcher at Pebble site photo by Steve Carter
One of the most comprehensive environmental and social studies in Alaska
$ 1 2 0 + m i l l i o n in ves tmen t i n e n v i ro n men ta l an d s ocioec o n o mi c s tu d ies
com p re he n s ive a n d o n g o i n g e n v i ron m e n tal bas eli n e r es ea r c h a n d d o cu m e n tat i on in c lu d in g wetla n d s , g ro u n dwat e r, s u rfac e water h yd ro lo gy & qua l i t y , f i s h hab i tat, a n d tr ac e elemen ts
4 0 + i n d e p e n d e n t c o n s u ltin g f i r ms
1 0 0 + s cie n t i s ts , bio lo g i s ts a n d t e c h n ic i a n s
al as kaâ€™s l e ad i n g en viro n men ta l an d s ocioe con om i c r es ea r c h c o mpa n i es
Anglo American brings global experience to apply world-class engineering, sustainable operations and social responsibility. In 2007, a wholly owned subsidiary of Anglo American plc joined with a wholly owned affiliate of Northern Dynasty Minerals, Ltd., to create the Pebble Partnership. As one of the largest mine operators in the world, Anglo American has pioneered innovative science and engineering, while helping build sustainable communities in more than a dozen countries.
innovation in water management: Emalahleni Water Reclamation Plant, South Africa, began as a solution to the challenge of rising underground mine water. Today, the plant recycles and treats 99% of its water and provides nearly 5 million gallons per day of high-quality drinking water to more than 100,000 people.
expertise in seismic engineering: In 2010, Anglo American mines in Chile withstood the massive 8.8 magnitude earthquake as designed. There was no damage to any Anglo American tailings facilities, as a result of the earthquake, nor need for any of the backup fail-safes in place.
experience building local economies: Through innovative education and training programs, partnerships with local companies and investments in start-up small businesses, Anglo American helps create thriving service and supply sectors in areas where they did not previously exist.
Emalahleni Water Reclamation Plant.
Safety inspections in Chile.
Anglo American service and supply partner.
Mine development is subject to more than 65 different types of permits, certifications and reviews by more than a dozen government agencies, including meeting Alaskaâ€™s stringent standards for aquatic life. In addition to government permits and approvals, the federal NEPA process is a robust system that allows for thorough public involvement.
photo by Steve Carter
federal • U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS (USACE) • Section 404 Permit for Discharge of Dredge or Fill Materials into Waters of the U.S., including wetlands • Section 10 Permit for Construction of any Structure in or Over any Navigable Water of the United States • Section 106 Historical and Cultural Resources Protection • ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (EPA) • Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plan • Stormwater Construction and Operation Permit • Hazardous Waste Generator (Resource Conservation and Recovery Act [RCRA]) Identification Number • NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE (NMFS) • U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE (USFWS) • Threatened and Endangered Species Act (ESA) Consultation (Section 7) • Essential Fish Habitat (EFH) • Fish and Wildlife Coordination • Bald Eagle Protection Act Clearance • Migratory Bird Protection • MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (MSHA) • Mine Identification Number • Notification of Legal Identity • Miner Training and Retraining Plan Approval • FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (FCC) • Radio License • U.S. COAST GUARD (USCG) • Construction Permit for a Bridge or Causeway Across Navigable Waters • Navigation Lighting and Marking Aids Permit • U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (USDOT) • Hazardous Materials Registration Number state • ALASKA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (ADNR) • Certificate of Approval to Construct a Dam • Certificate of Approval to Operate a Dam • Plan of Operations Approval • Upland Mining Lease • Millsite Lease • Tidelands Lease • Lease of other State lands • Miscellaneous Land Use Permit • Road Right of Way • Power Line Right of Way • Pipeline Right of Way • Temporary Water Use Permit • Permit to Appropriate Water • Material Sale • Burn Permit • Cultural Resources Authorizations • Mining License • ALASKA DEPARTMENT OF FISH & GAME (ADF&G) • Fish Passage Permit • Fish Habitat Permit • ALASKA DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION (ADEC) • Alaska Pollution Discharge Elimination Program (APDES) • Certificate of Reasonable Assurance (Section 401) for Section 402 and 404 Permits • Waste Management Permit • Air Quality Control Permit to Construct and to Operate • Air Quality Permit to Open Burn • Approval to Construct and Operate a Public Water Supply System • Plan Review for Non-Domestic Wastewater Treatment System • Plan Review and Construction Approval for Domestic Sewage System • Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plan Review Approval • Oil Discharge Prevention and Contingency Plan (C Plan) • Storm Water Discharge Pollution Prevention Plan • Food Sanitation Permit • ALASKA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION & PUBLIC FACILITIES (ADOT/PF) • Utility Permit on Right of Way • Driveway Permit • ALASKA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY (ADPS) • Approval to Transport Hazardous Materials • Life and Fire Safety Plan Check • State Fire Marshall Plan Review Certificate of Approval for Each Building • ALASKA DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT (ADOLWD) • Employer Identification Number local • LAKE AND PENINSULA BOROUGH • Development Permit
For decades, Alaskans have proven to be good stewards of state lands
and natural resources, embracing the promise and opportunity of the vast landscape.
We commit to continuing this stewardship, and we want to hear from you.
photo by Steve Carter