P E BB L E PRO J E C T NE W S L ETTER
Table of Contents INSIDE Bear Necessities Up Close Good Neighbor Policy
Copper – It’s Everywhere! As one of the most valuable minerals in today’s technology-driven world, copper plays a major role in convenience and conservation. From home appliances to community power sources, copper is a vital mineral for an energy-efficient future.
A personAl relAtionship Many everyday products wouldn’t be possible without copper, such as: • cell phones • computer components • microwaves • fiber optics • microchips • refrigerators • plumbing, roofing and gutters • other personal electronics today’s average home contains 400 pounds of copper. reliable sources of copper are necessary parts of daily life.
powering green innovAtion Copper is a driving force of green energy. whether powered by sun, wind or water, efficient and renewable energy systems rely on copper for optimum performance. Copper use in new technologies includes: • electric motors (reducing wasteful heat loss) • hybrid cars (require 75 lbs. of copper vs. 42 lbs. in traditional cars) • solar panels (made of up to 60 percent copper) • 3MW wind turbines (require 4.7 tons of copper to convert wind to electricity) Copper’s superior thermal and electrical conductivity combined with its 100 percent recyclability make it a truly green material — perfect for building a sustainable world.
globAl deMAnd, loCAl opportunity The global demand for copper continues to increase and is a strategic metal for the U.S. economy. Few natural resources, if any, touch as many aspects in day-to-day life as copper. The Pebble deposit is a world-class copper discovery.
Bear Necessities The title of “bear guard” seems hardly descriptive enough for lary hill of iliamna. hill, who has worked as a bear guard since 2004, brings a quiet wisdom, humor and a lifetime of knowledge to the job daily. having lived a subsistence lifestyle in the area since he was a child, Hill has a unique and innate understanding of the area’s wildlife populations. Much of the experience he brings to the position is built from a lifetime of learning the nuances of the land, including a detailed awareness of predator habits paired with keen perception. The physical challenge of the job is what initially drew hill to the position, as well as the opportunity to see a wide range of the country he calls home. Each day begins with a safety briefing, followed by a review and discussion with bear guard staff of the pebble wildlife log, which tracks daily where and what wildlife has been seen in the area. Next, he checks out a shotgun and various types of required ammunition — both lethal and nonlethal — as well as a field first aid kit. He then meets personally with the crew he has been assigned to for the day to brief them on where they are going and provide them specific details of the protective process he manages.
should a bear be sighted, hill immediately takes charge of the group in protective mode. while there have been many close bear encounters, hill notes, “it’s a good day when we Bear guards go through a rigorous training process as don’t see any bears part of the Pebble Partnership safety program. and a great year when there are no weapons discharged.” on any given day, hill could walk as much as 10 miles or work a shift from 1 to 12 hours, depending on the type of work his assigned crew is conducting. he constantly scans the area for visual signs of bear movement, tracks and even scent — bears have a hefty smell after being around fish all summer.
As a senior bear guard, hill is acknowledged as one of the most experienced All crews, products technicians of the and equipment group. he holds associated with the the highest guard pebble partnership training rank and are flown to work graciously shares Bear guard Lary Hill discusses the daily schedule with crew members. sites via helicopter this knowledge to minimize the with other guards. company’s environmental footprint. bear guards are always When a new guard is assigned to the field, their first excursion assigned tocrews working in the field because of the healthy includes an evaluation with Hill who observes and critiques their bear population in the area. prior to landing at any work site, awareness in the field, their knowledge of animal signs and their hill asks the pilot to circle the work site so that he can observe interactions with people. from the air signs of wildlife in the area. while bear guards are assigned shotguns for protective measures, safety precautions are when asked what he likes best about being a bear guard, hill strictly observed, which includes no loaded weapons at any time replied, “i never get tired of riding in a helicopter and meeting in the aircraft whether at take-off or landing. the many interesting people working on this project. Asking them questions provides perspective, and I appreciate the once a crew is on the ground, hill reminds workers of the opportunity to work near my home and experience first-hand procedures should a bear be sighted in the area and advises them what is going on at the deposit.” to stay with the group and be aware of their surroundings.
Iliamna Ekwok Togiak
Naknek General Land Status (BLM 7/01/2010) Bureau of Land Management Fish and Wildlife Service
it a tr o
Native Patent or Interim Conveyance (IC)
National Park Service
State Patent or Tentative Approval (TA) State Selected
Bristol Bay Commerical Salmon Fisheries Districts Source: ADF&G 2010
Why is This Part of Alaska Being Explored by the Pebble Partnership? The pebble deposit is located on state of Alaska lands designated and recognized for resource exploration and development, including mining. • 100 million acres of land selected at statehood to help ensure Alaska would have a viable economy. • Responsible resource development is critical to a healthy economy in resource-rich Alaska.
The pebble deposit is a world-class mineral discovery that has the potential to have significant impact economically on the growing global demand for copper and other minerals used in renewable energies and green technologies, as well as consumer “smart” products. Much of southwest Alaska land is in some type of protected status. • More than 65 percent of federal lands in Alaska and 40 percent of total acreage in the state are set aside in conservation system units.
The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) in 1971 settled longstanding land claims by Alaska’s native people. • 44 million acres of land allotted for regional and village corporations. • Approximately 12 percent of Alaska’s land. The Alaska National Interest Land Claims Act (ANILCA) put an additional 100 million acres of Alaska’s land into protected categories. • Of the 365.5 million acres that define Alaska, federal agencies claim 222 million acres – 61 percent of the state and larger than oregon, washington and California combined. • Less than 1 percent of Alaska is held in conventional private ownership. With 58 million acres, Alaska accounts for approximately 53 percent of the nation’s federally designated wilderness: • National Parks wilderness: 33.5 million acres • USFWS wilderness: 18.7 million acres • Forrest Service wilderness: 5.8 million acres The land around the pebble deposit was selected by the state to encourage economic activity. www.pebblepartnership.com
3201 C Street, Suite 604 Anchorage, AK USA 99503 (907) 339-2600 Toll-free: 1 (877) 450-2600 www.pebblepartnership.com
Good Neighbor Policy recently, pebble partnership safety officer and paramedic garret st. Claire was recognized for his assistance with an unusual medical situation that occurred in iliamna. A 65-year-old patient fell out of the bay of a D6 aircraft, falling approximately 15 feet. no local medical staff was available at the time to provide emergency assistance. A call from Anne dailey, with pA-C nivalena subregional Clinic, brought st. Claire to the scene where he was able to assess and stabilize the patient until additional help arrived, as well as identify bystanders. st. Claire supervised the transport of the patient to the medical clinic and remained on-site in an advisory role until further local help arrived. “Thanks to the rapid response by my colleague garrett, patient care was facilitated in a professional and timely manner,” dailey said. The pebble partnership responds to several medical situations each year that occur in the iliamna area that are not related to work at the pebble offices, staff or job site. This “good neighbor” policy is supported throughout the workforce, making available to the community many valuable resources.
The Pebble Partnership supports a “good neighbor” policy, offering resources for emergency situations.
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