02 | 2012
Women and Men at Peace Tables –Together Emma Leslie, PeaceWoman Emma Leslie is Director of the Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies in Cambodia. She has been representing the Conciliation Resources of the International Contact Group on Mindanao for the past two years during the peace talks between the Philippine government and the Moro Islamic Front. In the following, she reflects on her experiences and observations on women’s role in peace negotiations – and the ideals of finding a gender-balance. During the past years, I have been part of countless discussions on the role and need for women at the peace table, because, very often, I am one of the only women in the meetings. More often than not, real concerns about how women can best represent women are ignored in these conversations because, as soon as the issue is brought up, most of the room switches off. It feels as though everyone knows all the arguments already. So after some months of trying to make sense of the purported ‘need for women at the peace table,’ I am now convinced this is fundamentally true for the usual reasons and more. The prevailing ways of meetings, agendas and methods of conducting meetings are often masculinist and based on the ideal of power over rather than power with. They follow the principle of «may the best man win» and other competitive and divisive values. I think if brought together, however, women aren’t running a race at all but fall rather into a circle. The problem is that the negotiations often exclude – besides the contextual aspect of gender – the ways in which women tend to behave in groups and their inclinations for inclusion and cooperative communication. If the negotiating table included processes that are, or could be, considered ‘women’s ways,’ we may discover that men would also welcome different ways to negotiate. This could change the race and loosen informal ties that bind tightly certain men together and keep the women out. Yet the «framework of women» which has everyone linked in the circle format, on its own, would be as powerless as the competitive race. It is also the «framework of men», even if they sometimes get caught up in knots during the race, which enables that circle to move forward. In my mind’s eye, you need the combination of different methods to make it work. The main reason we need both men and women at the peace table is balance. Women must be included for meaningful participation, so that diverse ways of knowing, communicating, relating, and getting the work done are fully incorporated and integrated in all peace processes. This can be reached only through both equitable numerical representation and designing gender-balanced methods and agendas. We
Themes Women and Men at Peace Tables – Together | Reflections of Women on Peace Negotiators in the Philippines | National Action Plan for 1325 in Argentina | On the Road with the 1000 PeaceWomen| «Good News! How Women and Men Stop Wars around the World and Save the Environment»| News | PeaceWomen Across the Globe Congratulates | Events| Remarks
EDITORIAL Dear Friends, This Newsletter highlights the role of women in peace negotiations, particularly through the experiences of PeaceWomen. Our PeaceWomen from numerous countries such as the Philippines, Columbia, Mexico, Sudan, Sri Lanka, Australia and Ethiopia are actively involved in peace processes in their countries and/or abroad. We focus in this edition especially on the Philippines, which has undergone several peace processes in the past years, also with the participation of women. International resolutions such as the UNSCR Resolution 1325 are important mechanisms to pressure governments to strengthen women’s participation at peace tables. The PWAG regional office for Latin America and the Caribbean is carrying out intensive advocacy work for the implementation of a National Action Plan in Argentina. We believe that women can be heard only if they participate in decisionmaking processes from the very beginning. A dialogue forum on women’s role in promoting peace and democracy in Egypt, organized by PWAG and a joint steering committee of Egyptian women, is taking place at the end of this month in Alexandria. You can read about the outcomes of this important event in our next newsletter. All these are much needed initiatives and we hope these will soon multiply. We believe this Newsletter is also another step in the direction of stronger networking between peace lovers and peace makers and towards sustainable peace in the world. The PWAG network and everyone who is part of it are committed to JUST PEACE!
Kamla Bhasin Co-President
need each other to be sure that we reach the prize together, intact. www.1000peacewomen.org
Newsletter 2 | 2012 PeaceWomen Across the Globe
Experiences and Reflections of Women on the Philippine Peace Negotiations Karen N. Tanada, PWAG Coordinator for South Asia How do women get to the position of peace negotiators? What are the strengths and agenda they bring as women, what are the particular challenges they face? These are some of the questions that women negotiators explored in a «Reflection Series on Women in the Philippine Negotiations». This project was initiated by Teresita Quintos-Deles, one of the 1000 Peacewomen and Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process, and carried out with the Gaston Z. Ortega Peace Institute from July to November 2011. Women have relatively strong roles in peace talks to end the protracted armed conflicts in the Philippines. Currently, there are two women out of a five-member peace panel of the Government (GPH) negotiating with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, including PeaceWoman Miriam Ferrer. Two women are also in the GPH negotiations with the Communist Party –NDFP. Participants in the series of discussions included 2 women in current panel members and 4 previous members, 5 women in technical panels and 4 women who headed panel secretariats. Women who came mostly from the civil society and the academe were appointed as negotiators because they were personally known to the head of the peace office and had good track record in peace building and advocacy. Some were endorsed by peace or women’s groups but only one woman had consciously aimed for the position as a representative of women. Among the challenges they encountered were the difficult situations of hard-line negotiations, with the talks often stuck if not suspended. It was therefore difficult to bring in specific gender agenda in the early phase of talks. Recently however, in the breakthrough on negotiating a «Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro», important gains were made with the inclusion of a provision on meaningful political participation of women and another on equal rights and non-discrimination. These were actually among the sections most toughly debated! The women reflected that they had experienced some forms of discrimination like stereotyping into certain roles or agenda areas, and having to endure anti-women jokes or «green jokes» especially in the informal sessions. They also felt more challenged to prove one’s capability or right to be in the negotiations and less recognized for ideas compared to male colleagues. Despite these concerns, the women negotiators believe they were able to bring a new dynamics and break the «boys’ club» mode in some of the talks. They saw their strengths in thinking of some practical solutions, and in ensuring implementation of agreements and delivery of services. How can women be supported as negotiators? They can be strengthened by deeper understanding of the particular peace processes, actors and dynamics and by appropriate technical preparation. They also need the sustenance of links with women’s groups and local communities. Definitely, the women believe there is need to focus more on bringing women into «track one», the high level negotiations. Women should continue to aspire, work on, assess and reflect together about this important peace role.
National Action Plan for 1325 in Argentina: A Report from the PWAG Regional Office in Latin America In the past decades, Argentina has undertaken profound measures to ensure that the gender aspect is included in all levels of peace processes. The Department for Women's Affairs of the Foreign Ministry convened a Ministerial Working Group on Gender and Peacekeeping to incorporate necessary mechanisms in governmental institutions, including the elaboration of a National Action Plan on 1325. The document, currently being finalized by the responsible ministries, is the result of collaborative work between government representatives and civil society organizations, including the PWAG regional office in Buenos Aires. In October 2011 the Foreign Ministry organized a workshop to elaborate the National Action Plan for 1325. The workshop was a valuable contribution to the drafting process and an important platform where women’s organizations could include their perspectives on questions regarding women, peace and security. Maria Julia Moreyra, PWAG coordinator for Latin America and the Caribbean, and Adriana Valdiviezo represented PeaceWomen Across the Globe in this important dialogue between the government and the civil society. Lobbying for the implementation of international mechanisms such as UNSCR 1325 across the continent and increasing the visibility of PeaceWomen's role in conflict resolution and peace processes form a central part of PWAG activities in Latin America and the Caribbean. The adoption of the National Action Plan on 1325 will be an important milestone to increase women’s participation in peace processes and promote the valuable work of women peace builders in the region. Maria Julia Moreyra, PWAG Coordinator for Latin America and the Caribbean
Photo: OPAPP Media
Newsletter 2 | 2012 PeaceWomen Across the Globe
On the Road with the 1000 PeaceWomen Eva Gillis and Lasse Andersson The PWAG exhibition team, Eva Gillis und Lasse Andersson, organized and accompanied the PWAG exhibitions during 2006-2012. With a great amount of creativity, innovative ideas and endurance, they made the exhibition known to thousands of people in Switzerland and abroad, hence greatly contributing to the visibility of PeaceWomen and their work. When we first learned about the «1000 Women for the Nobel Peace Prize» initiative in 2003, our first reaction was: We have to get involved! Inspired by the active and incredibly engaged women we helped to set up the world premiere of the 1000 PeaceWomen exhibition in Zürich in 2005, not knowing we would be travelling for six years with the very same exhibition. During the first year, «1000 PeaceWomen Across the Globe» was displayed 40 times in Switzerland and 200 times around the world and not only displayed, but celebrated and accompanied with various side-events. Numerous requests followed from city councils, women’s organizations and international institutions such as the European Council in Strasbourg and UNESCO in Paris. The exhibition in Paris, in fact, gave the initial spark for our six year engagement and encouraged us to let our creativity flow freely and find yet new ways to present the portraits of the 1000 PeaceWomen. In the following years, the exhibition led us from Bern and Zurich to India and Nepal, and our longest travels lasted up to three months. Something magical, a positive energy flowed from these 1000 portraits. Every single woman, whether a grassroots woman or an academic, contributes with her creativity, persistence and courage to social peace in their communities or on the international stage. A new chapter began with the idea of travelling for longer periods of time to geographically isolated places such as Mongolia, and organizing exhibitions with local PeaceWomen on specific issues of their respective working area. After three months in Mongolia we already started focusing on the next event: PWAG launched its second exhibition «No Women – No Peace» in October 2010 to mark the 10th anniversary of the UNSC Resolution 1325. With the exhibition PWAG aimed to highlight the importance of the resolution and demonstrate the urgent need for UN member states to implement National Actions Plans on this significant resolution. The opening ceremony of «No Women – No Peace» at the UN Headquarters in New York was definitely one of the highlights in the history of the PWAG exhibitions. In 2011 one exhibition followed the other and in March 2012 we had our last mission with PWAG and its newest exhibition «safe water. with women!» at the World Water Forum in Marseille. Is it a coincidence that we are now involved in a water project in Kenya? We look back at six inspiring, eventful and fantastic years and wish all the best for PeaceWomen Across the Globe.
Book: «Good News! How Women and Men Stop Wars around the World and Save the Environment» «Good News! How Women and Men Stop Wars around the World and Save the Environment» is the new book published by Ute Scheub, PWAG Coordinator for Western Europe, and Heinrich-Böll-Foundation. «Good news!» highlights success stories that have been publicized on the website www.visionews.net since October 2010. The publication is currently available in German and will soon be released as an English edition. The internet platform was launched as a German-English cooperation project between PeaceWomen Across the Globe and the German branch of Inter Press Service (IPS). On the 10th anniversary of the UN Security Council Resolution 1325, visionews went online at 13:25. In the beginning, visionews focused on good implementation practices of UNSCR 1325 in individual countries. Today, the range of stories has expanded and includes also success stories on environmental issues. This new conceptual focus emphasizes that only by protecting natural resources can armed resource conflicts be prevented. In May 2012, Ute Scheub received a media award for visionews. The award amount enabled the translation of the website also into Spanish. Ute Scheub, PWAG Coordinator for Western Europe
PeaceWomen Across the Globe thanks Eva Gillis and Lasse Andersson for their great creative work and their untiring efforts for the 1000 PeaceWomen and the organisation.
«Good News!» is available in German at the Heinrich-Böll-Foundation and in bookstores.
«Dialogue is the only way to end war and terror. We need practical solidarity with those who are weaker and diplomacy from below.» Luisa Morgantini, Italy Newsletter 2 | 2012 PeaceWomen Across the Globe
NEWS FROM PEACEWOMEN ACROSS THE GLOBE PeaceWomen Across the Globe thanks Maren Haartje for her untiring and inspiring commitment for the organisation from 2003 until September 2012. She is co-founder of the initiative «1000 Women for the Nobel Peace Prize 2005» and was first coordinator and later Programme Manager and Responsible for Fundraising in the International Secretariat.
PeaceWomen Across the Globe thanks Anna Haller for her valuable work as project manager for Latin America and Indonesia. Anna started at PWAG as an intern in 2009 and was Project Manager from 2010-2012. She left the International Secretariat in September.
PeaceWomen Across the Globe thanks Cordula Reimann for her valuable work from 20112012 as Manager Project and Transfer, especially her contribution for the PWAG project in Sudan. Cordula left PWAG in August.
PeaceWomen Across the Globe welcomes Meike Sahling, who started working as Director of the International Secretariat and Head of Fundraising, in November.
PeaceWomen Across the Globe welcomes Shazia Islamshah who started in her position as
Donations PeaceWomen Across the Globe needs your support! Please help the organization and the projects of PeaceWomen Across the Globe with a donation. Thank You! Bank Account Information Berner Kantonalbank 1000 FriedensFrauen Account-No: 16 248.434.2.85 Swift: KBBE CH 22 IBAN: CH79 0079 0016 2484 3428 5 PC: 30-106-9 (only for Switzerland)
Project Manager in September.
PeaceWomen Across the Globe offers a six month internship from January until June 2013. Please find all details on our website. We are looking forward to your application!
We are sad to announce the loss of PeaceWoman Sister Rosalie Bertell from the United States, Brazilian PeaceWoman Vanete Almeida and former PWAG coordinator Cassandra Balchin. May they rest in peace.
PEACEWOMEN ACROSS THE GLOBE CONGRATULATES Cathrin Schauer: The German PeaceWoman was honoured by the city Torgau, Germany, as «Katharina-Botschafterin 2012» for her unresting fight against forced prostitution, human trafficking and sexual exploitation along the German-Czech border.
Elisabeth Decrey Warner: The Swiss PeaceWoman received the Hessian Peace Prize 2012 for her work in numerous non-governmental organizations. Decrey Warner is president of Geneva Call and promotes the abolishment of landmines all over the world.
Elizabeth Neuenschwander, PeaceWoman from Switzerland received the ANNE FRANKAward for her longtime commitment for peace and justice on August 6, 2009.
Nada Thabet: The Egyptian PeaceWoman was honoured for her work in education by the International education business Partnership Network with the «Global Best Award 2012».
Sima Samar: The Afghan PWAG coordinator was awarded the «2012 Right Livelihood Award».
EVENTS 25.11.-10.12.2012 «16 Days Against Violence Against Women» - activities and events internationally and in Switzerland. For more information: http://16dayscwgl.rutgers.edu and www.16tage.ch
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